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DAILY HELMSMAN Tuesday 4.29.14


Vol. 81 No. 108

Independent Student Newspaper of the University of Memphis

Gamblers push luck in lottery

Q & A with art student


Violent video games


Improvement a must 11 for Fuente

Controversial app spawns slut shaming and hate speech

By Robbie Porter Jeanie Mahannah’s luck couldn’t get much better after winning $200,000 on a scratch-off ticket— except for when she won $50,000 on the very next ticket she bought. That was four years ago, and now all that’s left of it is a meager account set up by her son that allows her to only draw a set amount each month. Mahannah didn’t have a lot of money before she won, but she was buying cigarettes and lottery tickets on a daily basis, praying to God that she would hit it big. “When I won the $200,000, I just had to buy one more, and lo and behold, I snagged another $50,000 just like that,” Mahannah said. Now that she had more money, she bought more scratch-off tickets hoping to hit it big again. Losing lottery tickets could be found spilling out of every crevice and compartment in her car and all throughout the new little home she purchased in Millington, Tenn. After a home makeover, an all-expenses-paid family vacation and a sea of scratch-offs were purchased, the money was soon gone, and she was back to square one. “God blessed me with money, and if he blesses me I’m gonna swim in those blessings,” Mahannah said. “If God wants me to have money again, he’ll give me money.” State lotteries bring in large sums of money for most states in the U. S. In 2008, the total sum of money brought in by all the states amounted to $77.3 billion, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Many of these states use a portion of this money to create scholarships for students. Tennessee’s state lotteries bring in enough money to fund the HOPE State Lottery scholarship. This scholarship awards eligible students $2,000 a semester for those who scored at least a 21 on the ACT and have a weighted GPA of 3.0. Even though these lottery scholarships have done a lot for students,

see LOTTERY on page 7

By Joshua Cannon, Melissa Byrd and Jonah Jordan Scrolling through his most recent timeline, 20-year-old public relations major Eric Bourgeois starts with a smile and then begins to shake his head as the smile fades.

“I thought we left bullying in high school,” he said, closing Yik Yak, the newest application to sweep the University of Memphis campus. Launched last December by recent college graduates Brooks Buffington and Tyler Droll, the app is a location-based anonymous virtual chat app where nearby users can connect through GPS tracking

on their smart phones. Like a pole on the corner of a street or a wall littered with flyers in a coffee shop, the app is intended to be a safe haven bulletin board where locals can connect and share content. However, on and near the U of M campus, the virtual posting board has morphed into a breed-

ing ground for hate speech and slut shaming among fraternity and sorority members. Similar to an episode of Gossip Girl, users fire off slandering shots of demeaning comments that can be immediately seen by other users. Yik Yak is similar to Twitter, but

see YIK YAK on page 3

University reacts to Rudd announcement By Mandy Hrach While many people are praising the recommendation of David Rudd as the new president of the University of Memphis, at least one faculty member is distraught over the decision that he is resigning from his position on the faculty senate. “I am profoundly disappoint-

The Daily Helmsman is a “designated public forum.” Students have authority to make all content decisions without censorship or advance approval. The Daily Helmsman is pleased to make a maximum of 10 copies of each issue available to a reader for free. Additional copies are $1. Partial printing and distribution costs are provided by an allocation from the Student Activity Fee.

ed that the search ended the way it did,” said Cedar Nordbye, who resigned from the senate Sunday night. “I no longer have faith in the governance of this University.” Nordbye said some faculty members feared the search was a sham and the search process was set up knowing all along that Rudd would get the job. He said that at the very least Rudd was

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able to put himself in the position as the only viable candidate. “I have been amazed at how Rudd has operated as if he were the president during the past nine months,” he said. “He has orchestrated drastic restructuring of the University that I found completely inappropriate to an interim leadership.” Rudd, 53, came to the U of M after serving as Dean of the


5 Sports

College of Social and Behavior Sciences at the University of Utah. Before then, he served as chair of the psychology department at Texas Tech University. He started the position of University provost in March of 2013. Three months later, former president Shirley Raines announced her resignation. Brad Martin was then named inter-

see RUDD on page 4 10

2 • Tuesday, April 29, 2014



H ELMSMAN Volume 81 Number 108

Editor-in-Chief L. Taylor Smith Managing Editor Joshua Cannon Design Editors Hannah Verret Taylor Grace Harrison Lingo Sports Editor Hunter Field General Manager Candy Justice


Advertising Manager Bob Willis Administrative Sales Sharon Whitaker

thoughts that give you paws

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“Just got attacked by Future Tigers in my hallway.” @woodruff_hannah

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The University of Memphis

Yik Yak Page 1

without the handle. Anyone with the free Yik Yak app on an Android or Apple device can post 200-character “Yaks” to a continuously updated live feed. The app allows users to upvote or downvote posts depending on whether they agree with them or not. The more popular a post becomes, the more points it gets and the higher the poster’s Yakarma score gets. A high Yakarma score indicates that someone has popular posts that are frequently upvoted. More so, the app only extends to users in a 1.5 mile radius of each other. For example, someone in Bartlett could not see a post near the University campus. On many accounts, users name individual female students on campus. Under one post titled “Closet freaks of Memphis,” users made comments such as “heard she fucked the entire football team” before continuing onward to say that the individual is “the biggest closet freak (and) whore on campus.” On another occasion, users posted about a female saying, “If you have a dick and go to U of M, you’ll eventually meet her.” But the content isn’t all directed towards the female students at the University. Based strictly from the posts, it appears that fraternities fire back and forth at each other, making rude comments in the manner of schoolyard bullying. One user posted that “Yik Yak should be Greek exclusive.” Due to the anonymity of the app, it can be difficult to tell who is in fact a member of a Greek organization and who isn’t, but many of the postings are directed towards Greek life at the U of M. At The U of M, Bourgeois is one of 500 students who have downloaded Yik Yak within the recent weeks and one of the many who can admit he has been mentioned on the app more than his fair share. “I take the comments in good stride when they are about either me

Tuesday, April 29, 2014 • 3 or people I know,” Bourgeois said. “In the end it’s just social media, and if you take it seriously it’ll become a major depressant.” The anonymity seems to play a large part in the uproar by masking those who post statements on Yik Yak that they may not make elsewhere. Buffington defended to CNN the decision to make posts anonymous by calling it a “major feature” of the app because “that guy in the back row of your science class might be the funniest guy you never hear.” But hopes that the app would be used as a “virtual bulletin board” or a “local Twitter for campus” seem to perish with every post on Yik Yak, especially within the Greek community. Lambda Chi Alpha President D o m e n i c Martini found out about Yik Yak when a fraternity brother informed him that his name was being posted. While Martini admits that it takes more to offend him than it may for other people on campus, he believes the posts can be “harsh,” especially when directed towards the women at the U of M. “The app is making the Greek system at the U of M look terrible,” Martini said. “Fraternities and sororities teach values-based education and then none of that is backed by what is posted on the app. We’re a small Greek system that has to support each other, and Yik Yak does nothing good for us.” According to Martini, Lambda Chi is banning brothers who are caught posting on the app from going to their formal this semester. “It definitely devalues fraterni-

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ties,” Martini said. “We’re trying to prove to non-greeks that stereotypes aren’t true and that app just proves those stereotypes right.” To Associate Dean of Student Leadership and Involvement Justin Lawhead, Yik Yak has grown to be nothing more than “confidential subtweets,” or students expressing opinions about other individuals and organizations that they typically wouldn’t if not anonymous. “I think it important for a student to have some realization of the impact that they are having on individuals and the experience

they are creating,” Lawhead said. “Confidentiality doesn’t remove you from criticism because it’s become so commonplace.” Lawhead encourages students to make positive decisions while using social media. While he believes that Yik Yak may be a fad, it is one that is occurring close to recruitment season, and it could have a negative effect on Greek life at the University. “I think our staff will have some conversations with leadership,” Lawhead said. “The identity they portray will have an effect on people wanting to be involved with their community and how people regard them.” Yik Yak was designed exclusively for college campuses, and while the app restricts access to nearly 130,000 primary and secondary schools across the nation at school


official’s request, many middle and high school students, primarily in the south, have found access to the app. In California, a high school student was charged with three felony counts after anonymously posting that a shooting would occur at two local high schools. In March, the creators of the app disabled its use in the Chicago area after numerous reports of cyber bullying occurred. Locally, the app has made its way into high schools. Christian Brothers High School quickly shut it down due to the inappropriate content that was posted. James Crone, an 18-year-old senior at CBHS, found out about the shutdown of the popular app within two days of discovering it himself. “Yik Yak went too far,” Crone said. Martini, a graduate of Bartlett High School, downloaded the app while in the area to see how it compared to the content at the University. “Bartlett High School students were talking about how bad the U of M Yik Yak was,” Martini said. “That’s a terrible perception for a possible incoming freshman to have.” Although the U of M may play a small role in the Yik Yak community nationwide and some simply write the app off as useless nonsense, many fraternity and sorority members have grown concerned about its use across campus. “It is extremely hurtful and a horrible example of what our Greek system is,” Panhellenic Council president Win Burrow said. Alongside Burrow, Victoria Maher, a senior psychology major and former Pi Beta Phi sorority president, is astounded by Yik Yak, calling it an app based on tearing others down, especially within the fraternity and sorority community.

Sex Again!

Advisor of the Pan-Hellenic Council Tori Griffith said she has only heard negative things about the app that she calls a divisive tool for tearing the Greek community apart. Although she is unsure on why the app is targeting Greek chapter members, she believes it is the nature of the Greek community at the University of Memphis. “Our Greek community is so small, and it breeds challenge among the chapters on all fronts,” Griffith said. Griffith is behind the PanHellenic Council as they draft a letter denouncing negative use of social media, after multiple complaints about the app have been filed to the Pan-Hellenic Council. The app announced that they have raised $1.5 million in funding. With the investment, they plan to improve current features of the app, while expanding user growth within the U.S. and to other countries. According to Yik Yak’s terms and conditions, users must be 17 years or older to use the app, although that has had little to no effect in many locations. It also states that users must not “transmit any pornographic, obscene, offensive, threatening, harassing, libelous, hate-oriented, harmful, defamatory, racist, illegal, or otherwise objectionable material or content” as well as “transmit or encourage the transmission of unlawful, harassing, libelous, abusive, threatening, harmful, vulgar, obscene, or otherwise objectionable material of any kind or nature.” For Angela Humphreys, a sociology instructor at the University, social media has been integrated into many people’s daily lives, and whether it is between Greek organizations or not, the way that students of the current generation choose to treat each other online is pivotal in determining the positive or negative growth that inevitably will come from it. “(Social) media can be used to continue to divide our society or create a better one,” Humphreys said. “Anonymous sites such as these allow bullying and harassment to occur without accountability. We need to create ways to combat bullying and harassment within all of our social institutions, including the media.”

suspect that many of you, who usually ignore this devotional, are reading it because of the title. Yes, almost everyone is very interested in sex. Advertisers know that sex sells. Most people agree that sex is a very fun thing. As we pointed out last time, God made it that way. God is not a prude. In fact, He is the one who made human beings and made them capable of sexual activity. The first command He gave Adam and Eve involved sex, when He told them to be fruitful and multiply. However, God who made us and has the right and authority to tell us how to live, confined sexual activity to a man and woman who are married to each other. All other sex is wrong. All other sex is a violation of God’s commands. We need to be reminded of this because very strong emotions, which could easily mislead us, often influence sexual activity. As one song put it, “How could it be so wrong, when it feels so right?” Please remember the following statement, when in the passion of the moment, your emotions may mislead you: It has never been right, from the first of history, and will never be right until the end of time, for any sex to happen except between a man and woman who are married to each other.

4 • Tuesday, April 29, 2014

photo By Brandon caradine | staff

U of M Provost David Rudd answered questions from students, faculty and staff at a town hall meeting during fall 2013. Rudd, interim President R. Brad Martin and Vice President of Business and Finance David Zettergren discussed the budget gap, the hiring review and other issues concerning the U of M community.


Page 1

im president on July 1 of 2013, and both have worked together by handling the University’s financial issues over the past few months. While Nordbye is one person who is criticizing the deci-

sion, others are praising the recommendation. “I’ve heard great things about him and think it’s a good idea to choose someone who is already so familiar with the University,” said fashion merchandising major Sam Dahmer. “He seemed the most knowledgeable compared to the other candidates at the semi-

nars and really seemed like he cared about the students and the questions they had.” Rudd was unavailable to comment but received numerous positive comments, mostly by students. “He’s already well-integrated into the University, and I’m pretty sure he has gained the support

of the majority of the faculty,” said public relations major Eric Bourgeois. “I believe he will be more than a suitable replacement for Dr. Raines.” Rudd was recommended late Friday afternoon by John Morgan, the Chancellor of the Board of Regents. The Tennessee Board of Regents is going to meet May 1 to

approve the chancellor’s recommendation via telephone. Like all of the board’s meetings, the public is able to listen in to the phone call. Martin’s tenure as interim president ends June 1. If appointed, Rudd will be named the University’s 12th president after Martin leaves.

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The University of Memphis

Tuesday, April 29, 2014 • 5

Civility in a social media world By Cormac Parker Jr

Special to The Daily Helmsman After working for a non-profit company for several years with a yearly salary of $80,000, Damon Jones received a text message stating that the company no longer needed his services. Losing his job was hard enough, but the way he found out added insult to injury. While they didn’t hire him through a text message, it seemed acceptable to fire him through one. College student Barbie Parker received even more shocking news via a text message—that’s how she learned that her father had died. It didn’t occur to the cousin who sent the text that such a delivery method was insensitive. The question must arise before sending such heavy and powerful messages via text/social media; how would you feel if you were on the other side of the message? In the current culture where social media and other electronic communication are so common, some say that sensitivity and old-fashioned good manners are being lost. Others complain that standard English grammar is disappearing. “Hey, R U Goin 2 da mall 2 day @ 7?” is fine for messaging a friend or co-worker via Facebook, but “R U hiring?” did not go over well with a Memphis magazine editor. “Social media has had a grave impact on this younger generation,” Sam Ward, CEO of WardEdison Enterprise, said. “They subconsciously fill out applications using the social media grammar, and conse-

photo By candice briggie | staff

A 2014 Pew Research report shows that 41 percent of women and 39 percent of men use social networking sites on their smartphones. quently it has shut some doors of opportunities in the work force for them.” Dating etiquette and social interaction among friends has also been affected by the preva-

lence of social media and mobile devices. After being in a relationship for four months, Kristian Thomas, senior at the University of Memphis, said that her sig-

nificant other is totally obsessed with his phone. Many times when they were out to eat, he would spend two-thirds of their time together checking his updates via his iPhone.

“It seemed like he was chasing the urgent, while missing the important,” Thomas said. “So busy checking his updates about the world and missing the constant update sitting in front of him.” According to psychologist Valari Wray, eye contact is critical, just as much can be said through facial expressions such as verbal communication. Many relationships nowadays begin through social media, which can allow for dialogue to take place because the fear of speaking in person is removed. On the other hand, social media has created an atmosphere that is conducive for people to take to the extreme and bully others without any fear of repercussions. Cyber bullying—when social media is used to taunt and threaten someone, possibly saying things that they would never have the brass to say in person—has led to suicide among children, teens and young adults. According to the Teen Online and Wireless Safety survey, in conjunction with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, 55 percent of socialmedia-using teens have witnessed cyber bullying, and 43 percent of these teens between the ages of 13-17 have experienced it in the last year. One out of six parents say that their child has experienced it. Experts believe that the rise in this behavior is due to people having a computer or cell phone to hide behind. “I understand the benefits of social media, and I am not opposed to it,” Thomas said. “However, it needs to be put in proper perspective. There is nothing like human interaction.”

Blanton receives $40,000 to start new academic program By Patrick Lantrip University of Memphis vice provost of Undergraduate Programs and political science professor Shannon Blanton recently received a $40,000 grant from the Tennessee Board of Regents to enact the “Academic Coaching for Students on Academic Warning” program. The grant was from the TBR’s Student Engagement, Retention and Success program, which is designed to pilot projects that focus on “the achievement of measurable improvement in the engagement, retention and success of identified categories of

students.” “We are constantly looking for ways to improve the learning experience for our students, and to support them,” Blanton said. “Getting this grant from TBR is going to be really helpful for us to explore academic coaching as an option.” In the program, students on academic warning will be paired with an academic coach that will meet with them on an individual basis in order to help them set goals and develop a career path. Coaches are comprised of graduate students with specializations in counseling-related fields. “The idea is that this is an individual that provides a human face

to the university, and will be able to provide extra support to the student,” Blanton said. “Whether it’s tutoring, counseling, time management, study skills or just being there to explain anything that is puzzling to a student.” As per the requirements for the grant outlined by the TBR the program must “serve underrepresented or other targeted student populations - including, but not limited to, underrepresented minorities, the economically disadvantaged, non-traditional students, and persons with disabilities,” or “have the potential to significantly increase and/or impact educational attainment or diversity initiatives at the

institution.” The program will focus on freshman who have been placed on academic warning, meaning that the student completed their first semester with a sub 2.0 GPA. While the pilot will focus only on continuing freshman this year the University hopes to eventually expand the program. “One of the things that we are explicitly doing with this grant is trying to incorporate technology into the coaching,” Blanton said. “So you will have that human interaction, but were also incorporating something called ‘Degree Compass.’” Degree Compass is a software designed by TBR Vice Chancellor

Tristan Denley, to help students identify which courses they will be most successful at. “It’s a way for students to explore their own interests, and begin to figure out which major suits them and is most strongly aligned with their own interests,” Blanton said. Around 400 to 600 students are expected to be a part of the program with a greater number of students on academic warning during the spring semester. “The hope is that if we pair them with academic coaches then we can get them back on track, and they will be able to complete their degree successfully,” Blanton said.

6 • Tuesday, April 29, 2014

‘You’ of M: Q and A with a U of M art major By Harrison Lingo Art junior and native of Maryland Jill Horne resides primarily in the Art Building near the center of campus. Her 10-by10 studio is filled with many aesthetically pleasing works of art, both finished and unfinished. She took a break from her busy schedule to share a little about herself with The Daily Helmsman. Daily Helmsman: When did you become an art student? Jill Horne: Well, I didn’t do art in high school, but I decided to minor in it when I started at MTSU. I think I switched my major four times before transferring to Memphis. That’s when I decided to become an art major because I enjoyed it. DH: What do you like most about art? JH: I enjoy the creative part, getting the things I’m thinking about out of my head and onto paper or out into my studio. DH: Which piece or pieces are you most proud of ? JH: Oh gosh. I like a lot of the stuff I’ve worked on, but my favorites are the scratchboard drawing in my studio and my ceramic hibiscus out in the display case. I’m pretty proud of my big wooden sculpture of Sheldon from “The Big Bang Theory.” That piece was in the student show here. DH: What is your favorite medium to work in? JH: That’s hard because I go back and forth depending on what mood I’m in. Sometimes I like drawing and doing 2D stuff. Sometimes I like working with wood, and right now I’m working with about 3,000 coffee filters. DH: What’s your most memorable moment in art? JH: Once another girl and I were working with a nail gun in the wood shop. We were passing it back and forth behind our backs when we needed it. Behind me I hear her shoot the nail gun and say “Oh.” She put the nail gun down and walked away saying, “I just shot myself in the finger.” I left and came back to them bandaging up her finger and everything. I don’t really have many other memorable moments. I think the best thing was that I got to learn how to weld, but that was in the theatre program. It was art related, though! DH: What are you planning to do once you graduate? JH: Well, if everything goes according to plan, if I can do exactly what I want to do, I wanna work on props, prosthetics and make-up for film. I just want a strong art background, but I’m actually thinking about transferring to the theatre program.

photo By Harrison Lingo | staff

Art junior Jill Horne shows off her ceramic Hibiscus piece, (left) which is on display in a glass case in the central hallway of the Art Building. Horne takes a step back from her most recent work, made up of about 3,000 dyed coffee filters (right).

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The University of Memphis

Tuesday, April 29, 2014 • 7

Lottery Page 1

they have not gone without receiving criticism. In a nationwide study, the top 20 percent of lottery players who spend the most money on tickets are twice as likely to have dropped out of high school and make less than $10,000 a year as the rest of the nation, according to a study at Duke University, but 47 percent of the recipients of the Tennessee HOPE Lottery Scholarship come from families who make over $72,000 annually, according to the Tennessee Higher Education Commission. Moreover, there have been several studies that have shown that there has recently been an increase in the number of younger people buying lotto tickets. Some of these people using lotto tickets are even under the legal gambling age. “(The) receipt of scratch lottery tickets as gifts during childhood or adolescence was associated with risky/problematic gambling and with gambling-related attitudes, behaviors and views, suggesting greater gambling acceptability,” according to a 2012 study by Yale University. For some people, lotto tickets are seen not as a habit, but more of a regular, inexpensive purchase tacked on to the price of everyday items most people buy like gas. “I really haven’t spent hardly any money on tickets, because I just get

photo By candice Briggie | staff

Tennessee Lottery net ticket sales in 2013 was more than $1.36 million. the one or two dollar scratch-offs when I’m buying gas or beer,” Andrew Beck, a 21-year-old musician, said. Beck, who works for a security agency by day and plays bass for his band by night, shares a one-bedroom apartment with two friends just outside downtown San Diego, Calif., He has been buying lottery tickets regularly for about two years now, but he has just recently started to play more frequently. Beck said since he’s buy-

ing the cheap tickets, it doesn’t really affect his wallet. To him, it is just the same as someone buying a candy bar or a pack of cigarettes at the convenience store, but unlike the candy bars, sometimes he wins his money back, plus some. “I’m not one of those people who just throws his paycheck away,” Beck said. “If you’re smart, you can make a little extra cash, and that’s all I’m doing.”

He has won $20 on a $1 ticket and some other small wins here and there. He said he plays because he has friends who have won several thousand dollars playing. For the same reason, he said he has also just recently started going to casinos as well. While he hasn’t won any money playing the slot machines yet, he said that he has a good feeling about his chances. Tennessee Sen. Jim Summerville

recently proposed a bill that would change the warning on lottery tickets from “Play responsibly” to “You probably won’t win.” When the bill was proposed, Summerville said that he thought the lottery was corrupt and taking advantage of the poor, which he said, according the Bible, is the most abominable sin. The bill was approved by the committee and now awaits the next step in potentially becoming law. “I have been selling lotto tickets for years, and I sell them all the time, but I don’t see a lot of winners,” Yusuf Yusuf, a Memphis gas station owner, said. The largest amount of money he has ever seen somebody win was from a ticket that won a man $10,000, and that was the largest ticket he has ever sold in all of his years working in a gas station. When people do end up scoring some cash, most of the winners don’t hold on to their earnings for long at all, according to Yusuf. “Even if someone wins $50, $500 or $1,000, they usually just end up giving it right back to buy more tickets,” he said. The gas station owner said that he has been aware of the Summerville bill ever since it was proposed, and he hopes it becomes a new law. “Our store sells a large amount of tickets, but I don’t think it’s a good thing,” Yusuf said. “There’s a lot of money being tossed around, but no one is really winning.”

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8 • Tuesday, April 29, 2014

Eating nuts instead of red meat linked to longer life By Darnesha Cotton

Special to The Daily Helmsman Gerald Moore thought he was healthy and it would never happen to him. “When I first got the news, I was shocked. I thought it would never hit me. My mother and father both have diabetes. I didn’t think I would be next,” Moore, a 44-year-old Lawn Analyst, said. “Luckily, mine was found early, so it can be controlled by diet and exercise.” Moore said he was surprised to be diagnosed with borderline diabetes and high blood pressure a year ago due to obesity. “I thought I was eating fine,” Moore said. “I didn’t know it was that unhealthy.” Before being diagnosed with diabetes, Moore said his diet consisted of a lot of steak, burgers and pork with some vegetables. “Now, I eat red meat once a week, maybe twice. It’s usually just a hamburger,” said Moore. According to a study published in JAMA Internal Medicine Network, consumption of meat, particularly red meat, is associated with increased risks of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and certain cancers. Moore’s profession requires him to visit various properties, both private and commercial throughout the day to assess the grounds. He said it can take an effect on his eating habits. “Grabbing a burger sometimes is just more convenient,” said Moore. A study done by researchers at Harvard School of Public Health was featured in the Archives of Internal Medicine (now JAMA Internal Medicine) in 2012. The study was done over a course of more than 22 years. It looked at how increasing the daily recommend serving of red meat by one 3 oz serving could present a 12 percent greater chance of dying. Researchers suggested using nuts as a healthier alternative to red meat, vegetables, chicken, fish or whole grains. “Their mix of Omega-3 fatty acids, protein, and fiber will

photo By Harrison Lingo | staff

A single McDonald’s Big Mac has 550 calories, 29 grams of fat and 45 grams of carbohydrates. Based on a 2,000 calorie diet the Big Mac contains 40 percent of the daily value. help you feel full and suppress your appetite,” Judy Caplan, a spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, said. ”The combination of fiber, protein and fat in nuts provide satiety to meals ad snacks, making them an excellent option for weight management.” The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics recommends that nuts are used as a substitute for other foods in the diet because “they are calorie-dense.” Adding nuts with the traditional diet, including saturated fats, could be “break the calorie bank.” “This is based on a ratio that shows a lower risk than other substitutions,” Randy Buddington, Professor of Health and Sports Science at the University of Memphis, said. Buddington said he is concerned that there are sources beyond red meat that may contribute to the results of the study. He recommends it show more

details towards the lifestyles of those being surveyed, as it may also contribute to the study’s conclusion. “Nuts are a great source of both protein and heart healthy fats,” Mary Schallert, Director of Didactic Program in Dietics at the University of Memphis, said. “You really get a lot of ‘bang for your buck’ with nuts. Lots of calories, coming from healthy fat and protein along with powerful antioxidants, vitamins and minerals.” Among specific causes of death cited by the study, the corresponding increases in risk of eating more red meat were 18 percent and 21 percent for cardiovascular mortality, and 10 percent and 16 percent for cancer mortality. These analyses took into account chronic disease risk factors such as age, body mass index, physical activity, family history of heart disease or major cancers.

“As meat consumption goes up, so does caloric intake, but physical activity goes down. In terms of consumption, as meat intake goes up, so does alcohol, but diet components considered as beneficial go down,” Buddington said. “Nut consumption didn’t differ among individuals that ate different amounts of beef.” Buddington said although there could be other factors, he found the study beneficial and interesting. “It is not just protein, red or otherwise, but what is also eaten,” Buddington said. “My wife and I try to eat healthy, but include red meat in our diet.” He suggested the best routine to being healthy is exercise combined with a proper diet. Shawn McKenzie, 23, who doesn’t eat red meat for health reasons, gets most of his protein from chicken and pistachios. “I drink a lot of water and I take in a lot protein since I exer-

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cise daily. I make a lot of fruit smoothies with a lot of healthy proteins and cereals in it to keep my diet balanced, a lot of carbs and some fruits,” McKenzie said. Carmen Merritt, 23, said she used nuts as a way to prevent her from snacking on less healthy options. “I snack on nuts throughout the day, for dinner I usually pig out (on other foods),” Merritt, a senior in health and human performance with a concentration in dietetics, said. “I’m not perfect, I don’t always eat the healthiest things, but I try.” According to the American Cancer Society , at least 2½ cups of fruits and vegetables each day is needed to help prevent cancer. It is recommended to substitute low calorie, high fiber fruits and vegetables for higher calorie foods and snacks. “It’s healthier to eat fruits or nuts than Doritos, and I can pack it up and reach for them whenever I need them,” said Merritt. Merritt said she is very health conscious, a decision that she made after she chose her major and learned about her family’s health history. “I have a family issue of high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity,” Merritt said. “I choose to exercise more in addition to what I eat to decrease chances of getting those diseases.” According to PubMed Health, over 19.3 million Americans over the age of 20 are affected by diabetes. One of three of these Americans are undiagnosed. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, men ages 19 to 30 should eat 6.5 oz from the meat and beans group each day. Andrew Cole, 22, a senior psychology major at the U of M, said he does not have the best eating habits. He said his daily diet regiment consists of “whatever is free at the time.” “I had steak, a 16 oz steak, two days ago,” Cole said. “I think of being healthy as having regular exercise, eating healthy foods. I thought steak was a healthy protein.”

The University of Memphis

Tuesday, April 29, 2014 • 9

Violent video games may lead to reallife violence and broken relationships By Jamesa Alston

Special to The Daily Helmsman Jasmine Verdell was shocked when she walked into a room and found blood on the bed sheets. Her screaming 5-year-old son had just broken his two bottom teeth and fractured his ankle after wrestling with his 6-year-old cousin. This wasn’t a real fight—they were just emulating a video game named “WWE Raw”. But unlike the game, the injuries were very real. Researchers have been studying and debating the effects of violent video games on children’s behavior since the 1980s. According to the Palo Alto Medical Foundation, a study showed that girls played video games for an average of five hours a week, whereas boys averaged 13 hours a week. Amity Bolden, 24, a graduate teacher assistant at Western Kentucky University, studied child and adolescent psychology and has done research on how the environment affects children’s brain’s development and behavior. “Everything children do is a learned behavior,” Bolden said. “The more time they spend playing the video games, the more they will learn from it and will most likely imitate the actions that are learned.” Playing video games may increase aggressive behavior because violent acts are continually repeated throughout the video game. Verdell, a 26-year-old Memphian, agrees with Bolden’s study. She allowed her son to play violent video games such as “Call of Duty” and “WWE Raw” until his behavior became aggressive, and he suffered a fractured ankle and missing teeth. “My son knew every wrestling move from the game,” said Verdell. “Every time he got with his cousin or other kids, he pretended they were having a wrestling match.” In Bolden’s study, she also found that aggression may affect children differently depending on the age of the child. “As the child grows, they develop more self-control,” Bolden said. “They begin to learn right from wrong.” Joe Glass, 26, of Brighton, Tenn., plays violent video games on his game console as well as his computer to relax. “Games are a sense of therapy for me,” Glass said. “I play them

photo By harrison Lingo | staff

The Entertainment Software Rating Board rates video games on a content scale from eC for “Early Childhood” and E for “Everyone” all the way to M for “Mature 17+” and Ao for “Adults Only.” daily for hours, shooting people’s heads off. However, I never had thoughts of shooting someone in real life.” Glass, however, still experiences aggression. It’s not physical aggression but verbal aggression. His level of verbal aggression increases when he encounters confrontation. “I play online with other players and am able to talk to them through my headset,” he said. “I found myself cursing them out when they shoot me. I have to realize it’s just a game.” Along with aggression, violent video games also cause people to become less social than children who don’t play video games. According to the American Psychological Association, one out of two people who play video games experience a strain in their social relationships. Many people who are addicted gamers neglect their personal relationship and cause the relationships to sometimes disappear

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altogether. Lena Fulton, 23, of Cordova, Tenn., agrees that video games affect personal relationships, because her brother is an addicted gamer. “He spends so much time on the game, he can’t have a decent conversation at the dinner table,” she said. “His conversation with people is limited because he’d rather sit in his room and play the video game all day.” Bolden’s study showed that children who spend a large amount of time playing video games will develop more slowly than children who don’t. “A child who spends a lot of time playing video games will have poor social skills,” she said. “He will not know how to make friends or enjoy people’s company.” A person who compulsively plays video games may retreat back to the game because establishing relationships is harder. According to the American

Psychological Association, Academic achievement can be affected negatively and positively by violent video games. Their study showed that people could learn iconic, spatial and visual attention skills from video games. APA’s study also showed that video games even the violent ones, teach children how to multitask, make fast analysis and decisions, concentration and situation awareness. Academic achievement may be negatively related to over all time spent playing video games. Studies have shown that the more time a kid spends playing video games, the poorer is his performance in school. Argosy University’s Minnesota School on Professional Psychology found that video game addicts argue a lot with their teachers, fight a lot with their friends and score lower grades than others who play video games less often. Kera Smith, a social worker for

Shelby County Schools system, has observed a negative impact of video games. “Children should spend more time studying than playing video games,” she said. “I feel they will learn better by using pencil and paper rather than a controller.” According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, kids are not necessarily drawn to video games because of their violence. The attraction lies in their being rewarded by awesome displays of explosions, fireworks and even blood splattering. While some believe video games have a negative effect on children’s academics, others like Joslin McNeil sees a positive side to the games. “It was surprising to me when my son started counting from twelve hundred to thirteen hundred and only in the first grade,” she said. “He told me that’s how many points he gets on the game.”


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10 • Tuesday, April 29, 2014


Tigers remain above .500 after road trip By Corey Carmichael After two games slipped by the Tigers in Tampa, Fla., the University of Memphis baseball team left the University of South Florida Baseball Stadium with a win on Sunday to avoid the series sweep. A huge sixth inning led the Tigers to victory as they rallied behind the Bulls’ mistakes in the frame. After freshman infielder Zach Schritenthal reached on an error to lead off the sixth, USF’s pitcher plunked the next two batters to load the bases with nobody out.

A wild pitch scored one runner and Kane Barrow’s double plated two more runs to give the Tigers the lead. Four subsequent hits added three more runs and the Tigers held a 7-3 advantage. Head coach Daron Schoenrock said that big innings are one constant in baseball that typically points to a win. “If you can have a big inning with three or more runs, your win percentage goes up to 70 percent,” Schoenrock said. “Offensively you are always looking for them, and they can start in a number of ways. Ours was started with an error and five hits in a row, which does not happen a lot.” Another spark for the Tigers

was lead-off hitter Darien Tubbs. The freshman led off for the first time since April 13. He has scored 27 runs this year and leads the team in stolen bases with 17. “This weekend his at-bats were as competitive as anyone on the team,” Schoenrock said. “He scored on a shallow fly ball that not a lot of guys would have scored on. He has a knack for scoring runs when he gets on base.” Despite allowing 17 hits in Sunday’s contest, the Tigers held the Bulls to five runs, and stranded 10 of their runners, in large part due to the five double plays. Schoenrock said the double plays were a result of quality pitches located low in the strike zone.

“We missed two double play opportunities Friday and Saturday that we did not convert,” Schoenrock said. “It always seems like when you miss double plays the other team is going to score. Sunday we were inducing ground balls at double play times.” Five is the most double plays the Tigers have forced in a single game this season. Aside from both games at Middle Tennessee State University the first and second of this month, the Tigers have not forced more than two in any game this year. With eight of the next 11 games at FedEx Park, the U of M has a solid stretch of home games leading up to the American Athletic

Conference Championship Tournament. Coach Schoenrock said that this is an important time for the team to focus at home, especially as the players look to finish the year strong academically and on the field. “What I’m selling is that we need to take it one day at a time,” Schoenrock said. “We did a really good job of that this weekend, as tough as the losses were Friday and Saturday to come back Sunday was huge.” The Tigers’ game against Mississippi Valley State set for Tuesday was postponed due to rain, but they are still scheduled to play Wednesday’s matchup at 6:30 p.m.

Brister Street Productions plans 4th annual festival By Samuel Prager Brister Street Productions will be holding its 4th Annual “Bristerfest,” a commutative celebration of music, film, art, food and more. This year’s festival will take place from May 9 to 11 at the Cooper Walker Place, which is located at 1015 Cooper St., in the Cooper-Young District. The event, which was initially named after Brister Street, located a block away from the U of M, by founder Jack Simon, who originally lived on the street and threw house parties and shows under the name Brister Street Productions. “Brister Street Productions is derived from the actual street that’s a block from the University of Memphis, which is where it all began, that I used to live on,”

Simon, a 2012 U of M graduate with a degree in communications and political science, said. “Eventually everything outgrew the backyard, and we took it to the next step.” The concerts continued to grow when Simon and several others decided to take Brister Street to the Levitt Shell in 2011, where the first “Bristerfest” was officially held. The organization has attracted over 1,200 people in the past and the founders expect to see that number double this year. The festival costs $15 per day and $35 for a three-day pass and is set to start around 5 p.m. on Friday, May 9, and start at 1 p.m. from Saturday to Sunday. All three days are expected to end around 2 a.m. “The company was never about money. It was always for fun. So we all got together and said if we we’re going to do it we might as well use the money to help other people,”

Simon said. In 2011, the organization chose WEVL 89.8 F.M., a local nonprofit radio station, to partner with and donate proceeds to. For the past three years the event has benefited GrowMemphis, a local non-profit that helps build urbancommunity gardens and supports local food sustainability. “One of our sound guys worked in the garden on campus and I had to keep going to meet him in the garden to talk to him about the event. Eventually I started volunteering and working at the garden,” Simon said. “That kind of created the urban gardening environment initiative we have, which is a very productive thing for the community.” The festival has donated over $4,000 to help make Memphis a more sustainable city over the past three years. The event will feature three

stages that will include a variety of acts, including a film festival hosted by Black Lodge Video. Food trucks and vendors will also be present at the festival. “I think it has the potential to be really good, and having a versatile mix of genres could give people a chance to hear bands that they may not have had the chance to have seen otherwise,” Peter Armstrong, a senior exercise sports science major, said. The festival will feature bands from an array of genres ranging from reggae to hip-hop and funk to R&B. The 40-band lineup consists of some of Memphis’ most recognizable acts, including Dead Soldiers, Chinese Connection Dub Embassy, Mighty Souls Brass Band, Agori Tribe, SpaceFace and many more. Armstrong, who is the keyboardist for SpaceFace, said that he is excited and optimistic about

playing the festival, which will the band’s first time performing the annual event. “Although I’ve never player or have been to Bristerfest before, it seems like this year will be the biggest one yet,” Armstrong said. “I’m stoked to be a part of it.” The event is also backed by an assortment of reputable sponsors from around the city. Some of the more notable sponsors include Yarbrough’s Music, Guitar Center, Ardent Studios and Huey’s. “I’ve heard people are calling it the real Memphis in May because it features a great and ranging selection of Memphis musicians, which is very cool in my opinion. That’s why we had to do it,” Jake Ingalls, guitarist and singer for SpaceFace said. “I think people will have fun grooving out.” Students who want to buy tickets can purchase them at


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The University of Memphis

Tuesday, April 29, 2014 • 11


Improvement a must for Fuente’s 2014 campaign By Hunter Field Excitement and hope has begun to build for the University of Memphis football team with the completion of the Blue-Gray Spring Game just a few weeks back, and the Tigers are beginning to hit the weight room hard in anticipation of next season. Next seaSports Editor son matters more than either of the previous two seasons under the helm of head coach Justin Fuente. He’s had the past two seasons to implement his system, and recruit the players to fit it. Now, it’s time to start seeing some progress on the field. Memphis won four games in Fuente’s first season, and they won three games last fall in his second season. However, the decrease in wins was understandable because the Tigers switched to the much stronger American Athletic Conference. Despite last year’s 3-9 record, the Blue and Gray showed promise early in the season, nearly defeating several nationally-relevant programs in Duke, Louisville and Central Florida. Unfortunately for Fuente and company, they tailed off towards the end of the season with consecutive blowout losses to underwhelming Temple and Connecticut squads. Last year’s disappointing finish makes next season all the more important. With at least seven winnable games on the schedule next season, Fuente can’t afford another year with only three or four wins. Tiger fans have been patient with Fuente, but, fair or not, year three is when things have to begin coming together in fans’ eyes.

Photo By David C. Minkin | special to the daily helmsman

Memphis head coach Justin Fuente protests an official’s call during the Tigers’ win over Arkansas State last season. Fuente’s squad finished the season with three wins and nine losses. The vibe around the program is that the team is working harder than they ever have under Fuente, but that’s been the story nearly every season over the past few years with little changing. Fans

are going to catch on eventually and stop talking themselves into supporting the football program if it doesn’t turn things around. It happened last season. Attendance was outstanding for

the first couple of home games, but it slowly dwindled as the season waned. In the season opener against Duke last September, 44,237 loud fans attended—the most since

2009 against Ole Miss. In their second home game against Arkansas State, attendance fell to 36,279. In the third home game against BCS bowl-game winner UCF, 30,274 fans attended, and only 25,671 fans made it out to Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium for the Tigers final home game against Temple. It’s an alarming trend, but the Tiger faithful still seem to be on board with Fuente, but that doesn’t mean they won’t be quick to jump ship if the Tigers get off to a rocky start next season. The U of M’s defense was among the nation’s best last season, and Memphians love to watch stalwart defense—look no further than the Memphis Grizzlies. The Memphis defense returns two of its key senior leaders in Martin Ifedi and Bobby McCain. McCain led the team with six interceptions and two defensive touchdowns, and Ifedi led the team in sacks with 11.5. The defense should remain at a high level next season, and the onus will be on the offense to improve. Last year’s offense, led by freshman quarterback Paxton Lynch, struggled throughout the season. Lynch and leading rusher Brandon Hayes will both dawn the Blue and Gray next season. Sophomore receiver Sam Craft has also raised some eyebrows during the spring. When Fuente came to Memphis, everyone expected Memphis to be an extremely effective offensive team. After all, he was the offensive coordinator over TCU’s juggernaut offense. His offense at Memphis just hasn’t found its groove. Fuente and his staff are hoping the offense will click next season, and the defense will maintain its high level of play. If they don’t, the Tiger faithful may not be so patient with the third-year coach.


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