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T H E S T U D E N T VO I C E O F WA S H I N G TO N S TAT E U N I V E R S I T Y S I N C E 1 8 9 5 .

WEDNESDAY, OCT. 30, 2019


VOL. 126 NO. 53


Tulalip elder performs Indigenous songs, stories

Speaker talks assault prevention

Johnny Moses, his sister used voices, simple percussion instruments By Cameron Sheppard Evergreen reporter

The WSU School of Music hosted Tulalip elder Johnny Moses at Bryan Hall Theater to perform traditional indigenous songs and stories.

I am so grateful to be here . . . grateful for these songs Johnny Moses elder

Moses was raised by his grandparents on Vancouver Island, British Columbia where he learned native traditions and music. He said he believed it was important to learn the many songs of his friends and relatives of different languages and tribes. Moses and his sister performed indigenous lullabies, musical fables and healing songs. Many of the songs were revealed to be humorous after Moses told the audience their English translation. The duo performed each song using only their voices and a few simple percussion instruments such as rhythm sticks, a bell and a traditional hand-drum. “I am so grateful to be here,” Moses said. “I am so grateful for these songs.” The WSU School of Music hosted this event as part of a once-in-asemester musical convocation, in which they will feature performers of diverse musical styles.


Sarah Boyer, member of Alternatives to Violence of the Palouse, says violence prevention is a way to promote healthy and safe communities Tuesday evening at the Pullman City Hall.

Other speakers promoted hospital bond appearing on upcoming ballot


By Benjamin White Evergreen reporter

he Pullman City Council heard presentations regarding Domestic Violence Awareness Month and the upcoming Pullman Regional Hospital bond at the city

council meeting Tuesday. “We see that violence prevention is absolutely the way forward to provide for healthy communities and safe communities for everyone living in them. To that end, we now often refer to domestic violence awareness month additionally to domestic violence action month,” said Sarah Boyer, Alternatives to Violence of the Palouse member. Chelsea Jacobs, prevention educa-

tor and advocate for ATVP, brought the Palouse Team Council, a high school student group that gives workshops throughout the community. Jacobs also thanked the city and partners for their efforts to prevent domestic violence and help victims. “[I] proclaim October as domestic violence awareness month for the City of Pullman and urge all residents to give up being bystanders and speak See Council Page 6


Local optometrist looks to provide reasonable services Moscow eye care clinic opened in Oct., services low-vision patients By Elayne Rodriguez Evergreen reporter

A Pullman resident and optometrist opened an eye care clinic in Moscow in an effort to provide equal service opportunities and offer reasonable services to new and returning patients. Optometrist Dr. Enjoli Cooke

said she invested in a new eye care business called Inland Eye Care. The eye care clinic began its services on Oct. 14. She said the main reason she opened her own eye clinic in Moscow is to come back home to practice medicine. She has been an optometrist since 2009 when she really began take patients and learning about the special equipment, Cooke said. She opened her new business to service patients with low

vision that most optometrists and ophthalmologists do not specialize in, Cooke said. Low vision is where glasses, contact lenses, surgery or medication will not help with the patient’s vision, she said. Cooke said she will likely offer true low vision services with specialized devices after a year of being open. She plans to expand the clinic and bring on other physicians to work along with her. She said she plans to work

Life | 3

In this issue:

with other vendors and partners to bring in machinery to facilitate and increase functioning with patients who have been turned away or relocated to a distant city. She has worked closely with the Idaho Commission for the Blind and Visually Impaired and serviced those specific patients, Cooke said. “This is what health care practitioners should be doing is taking the time to really care for people’s needs and

concerns,” she said. Cooke said she has been someone else’s associate working under their jurisdiction over the years of her career. She said she became very upset by things that she was seeing and decided to plan to open an eye business in the next year. She said she is currently working part-time at a Clarkston business in order to manage personal finances. See Optometrist Page 6

Region | 8

Sports | 4

Program relieves stress

Sports get spooky

Credit cards on the rise

WSU’s Multicultural Student Mentorship Program provides a space for students to de-stress.

Women’s basketball and soccer host games starting at 5:30 p.m. and 7 p.m. on Halloween.

Square is raising its transaction fees and will add 10 cents for every transaction effective Friday.

(509) 335-2465

Life | Page 3

Sports | Page 4

Region | Page 7

News tip? Contact news editor Daisy Zavala


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PAGE 2 | WEDNESDAY, OCT. 30, 2019

Community Calendar Wednesday 10/30 Pet photo contest to take place via online platform. Amber’s Grooming Salon will host its seventh annual Halloween Pet Photo Contest. Entries need to be submitted via direct message to the Amber’s Grooming Salon Facebook page by midnight with a short description to add to the picture. Participants will then be voted on the following day via the Facebook page. The photo with the most likes and reactions will win a $50 gift certificate to the salon. All participants will receive a free blueberry facial. This event is free and open to the public.

Thursday 10/31 Local dessert joint hosts Halloween for adult crowd. Starting at 5 p.m., Sweet Mutiny will host Hallo-Sweet, an event for adults to enjoy Halloween. If you consider yourself to be too old for trick-or-treating, cupcakes with a trick will earn the recipient free frozen yogurt for the entire month of November. Costumes are encouraged. To submit, email events to Preference will be given to events that are free and open to the public or are hosted by an RSO, and must include time, date and place.



Daily Police Log Monday

Other Law Enforcement Calls NE Wheatland Drive, 2:56 p.m. Report of an argument. Officer responded.

S u s p i c i o u s P e r s o n /C i r c u m s t a n c e SE Kamiaken Street, 5:42 a.m. Officer responded for the report of a suspicious circumstance and contacted resident.

Tra f f i c V i o l a t i o n E Main St & SE Bishop Blvd, 3:08 p.m. Report of a vehicle driving recklessly. Officer advised.

Breathing Problems SE Sandalwood Drive, 8:08 a.m. Pullman law, fire and EMS responded. Subject transported to the hospital. Tra f f i c V i o l a t i o n SE Bishop Blvd & SE Latah St, 8:38 a.m. Officer responded for the report of a vehicle being driven erratically. Unable to locate.

Code Violations NE Upper Drive, 3:30 p.m. Report of a trash container left curbside. Officer responded. Resident warned. S u s p i c i o u s P e r s o n /C i r c u m s t a n c e NW Tingley Court, 4:12 p.m. Report of a suspicious phone call. Officer contacted reporting party.

Code Violations NE Duncan Lane, 8:41 a.m. Report of trash bins left on the roadway. Officer responded.

Parking Problem NE D Street, 4:17 p.m. Officer responded for a vehicle blocking a driveway.

Malicious Mischief NE C Street, 9:06 a.m. Report of a damaged door. Officer responded.

Ac c i d e n t N o n - I n j u r y SE Kamiaken Street, 5:01 p.m. Report of a single vehicle accident. Officer responded.

Ac c i d e n t H i t a n d R u n NE Brandi Way, 11:58 a.m. Officer contacted complainant in reference to the report of a hit and run collision.

Ag e n c y A s s i s t a n c e SR 195, 6:50 p.m. Officer assisted with traffic diversion while highway was closed due to a collision.

Controlled Substance Problem NW True Street, 12:10 p.m. Report of paraphernalia items found at address. Officer contacted reporting party.

Tra f f i c H a z a r d N Grand Avenue, 8:08 p.m. Officer responded for icy road conditions.

Theft Other SE Bishop Boulevard, 1:31 p.m. Report of a theft. Officer responded.

D i s a b l e d Ve h i c l e N Grand Ave & NE Terre View Dr, 8:38 p.m. Officers responded and provided traffic control until vehicle was moved.

Communications Problem N Grand Avenue, 2:49 p.m. Officer responded for the report of a 911 hang up. Determined to be a misdial.

Ac c i d e n t N o n - I n j u r y NE Stadium Way, 8:58 p.m. Officer contacted complainant in reference to a vehicle striking a curb.

In the Stars | Horoscopes Today’s Birthday — — Money-making comes easily this year. Discipline and coordination with communications produces satisfying yields. Create a masterpiece this winter before a discovery shifts your journey. Income obstacles next summer lead you to explore and discover valuable tools and techniques. Conserve a bounteous harvest. Aries (March 21 - April 19) —— Educational opportunities for travel, adventure and exploration are revealed. Go for simplicity over extravagance. Keep written records and check reservations. Others provide a boost. Taurus (April 20 - May 20) —— Turn down an expensive invitation. Conserve resources and stay in action to generate positive cash flow. Your words, actions and heart align. Gemini (May 21 - June 20) —— Handle practical priorities with your partner. Provide an arm to lean on. Support each other when you’re feeling unsteady. Listen and deepen your connection. Cancer (June 21 - July 22) —½— Focus on practical work and fitness goals. Action gets results. Keep practicing. Make arrangements and preparations. Balance activity with rest and good food.

Leo (July 23 - Aug. 22) —— Follow your heart. Abandon fantasies or illusions. Connect over shared commitments. Express your feelings with the object of your affections. Share your honest passion. Virgo (Aug. 23 - Sept. 22) —½— Home holds your heart. Fill it with delicious smells and good music. Clean, sort and organize. Enjoy your nest. Pamper family with fun and treats. Libra (Sept. 23 - Oct. 22) — — Write and edit your presentation. Solve an intellectual challenge. Get into an open exchange of ideas. Fall into intimate conversation easily. Creative muses harmonize. Scorpio (Oct. 23 - Nov. 21) —½— Generate positive cash flow. Don’t lose what you’ve got for an illusion. Go for simplicity. Doubts interfere with progress. Prioritize basics. Keep showing up.

Sagittarius (Nov. 22 - Dec. 21) —½— You’re especially strong and creative now. Focus on basic personal priorities and avoid distractions. Take decisive action for love. Someone finds that especially charismatic. Capricorn (Dec. 22 - Jan. 19) —— Rest and recuperate. Ruminate on recent changes. Process secondary impacts and challenges. Remember the ones who came before. Honor transitions and prepare for what’s ahead. Aquarius (Jan. 20 - Feb. 18) —½— Share ideas, information and resources with friends. Open a door for someone you recommend. Others are saying nice things about you. What comes around goes around. Pisces (Feb. 19 - March 20) — — Don’t get distracted by old fears. Explore the wider world and investigate a curiosity. Share your discoveries and insights. Educational projects offer satisfying rewards.


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The Daily Evergreen @DailyEvergreen WEDNESDAY, OCT. 30, 2019 | PAGE 3


Katerin Gomez, host of the Native American Student Mentoring Program, shares her excitement for the Fall Fest on Monday morning in the Lighty Cafe. “The Fall Festival is just a t ime where mentors and mentees come togehter after midterms, she

Fall Fest provides a space to de-stress Francisco Ochoa, a mentor for shy and don’t really reach out to us Multicultural program helps said. “We just want to help them succeed and continue growing.” the Chicanx Latinx Student Center, as much as we would want them students find mentors, According to the website for credits Multicultural Student to,” he said. “They will feel more student tutors Multicultural Student Services, By Rachel Kock Evergreen reporter

The Multicultural Student Mentorship Program is giving students a chance to unwind with their second annual Fall Fest. Event Promoter Katerin Gomez is a mentor for the Native American Student Center. “The Fall Fest is just a time where mentors and mentees come together after midterms,” Gomez said. “It’s not really school focused. It’s more like us getting to know each other better, interact and kind of distress.” MSMP allows first-generation or multicultural students to have an older student to guide them throughout their first year at WSU, she said. “It can be really hard for students, especially around this time, because they get really homesick,” Gomez

MSMP has specific student centers within the program to best meet each student’s identity and needs. These include the Native American Student Center, the African American Student Center, the Asian American and Pacific Islander Student Center and the Chicanx Latinx Student Center, Gomez said. The directors of MSMP look at statistics every year, and they consistently find that students involved in the program who participate more than those who do not participate as much, Gomez said. “Their grades are higher, their GPA is higher and they usually come back,” she said. “It really helps to be part of a mentor program just so someone can guide you if you need any help.”

Services, or MSS, for his academic success, he said. “My freshman year, it was really hard for me to transition into college because I really was not ready,” Ochoa, a first-generation student said. “It was very difficult for me to just hold myself more accountable.” As a freshman Ochoa looked up to and respected his former mentor, he said. “For [MSMP] to be providing and have funding for student mentors, for me to have my own when I was a freshman, it really made a great difference,” he said. Ochoa added that his study skills and ability to focus have improved. The Fall Fest is one of the only events that either MSS or MSMP hosts, Ochoa said. “These mentees sometimes are

comfortable because there will be a ton of other students just like them coming in.” The Fall Fest will have free food and activities such as strawberry decorating, musical chairs and a photo booth, Gomez said. She added that the event is open to all students, even if they are not involved in MSMP. “We really welcome everyone,” Gomez said. According to the event Facebook page, the venue for this year’s Fall Fest is the Elson S. Floyd Cultural Center. “It’s really cool that we’re using those spaces that were meant for us in the first place,” Ochoa said. The Fall Fest will take place on Wednesday from 6 - 8 p.m. There is no cost of admission.

Club helps bring together students with food Recently formed quesadilla club has themed monthly meetings to help members meet new people By Carolynn Clarey Evergreen reporter

It was 10 freshmen, in the Olympia dorm lounge, with the … quesadilla? During the Week of Welcome festivities this year, this group of students got together for some food and games when founder and Quesadilla Club President Margaret Lipinsky and Secretary Walker Brooks got the idea to turn their friendly meetings into something more. Brooks said the club hopes to provide a place to make friends, quesadillas and have a good time for students.

As a freshman, it’s hard to put yourself out there and make friends, he said. This club is meant to create an environment where meeting new people is easier. Lipinsky and Brooks understood that college life was stressful and that it was good to have an outlet for that. She compared the club to a puppy de-stressing session. “We just wanna make it so that people have a nice environment,” Lipinsky said. Lipinsky and the other members of the club are beginning to plan monthly themed meetings where they make specialty quesadillas. Some ideas they have are turkey or thanksgiving quesadillas for next month and Cougar Gold Cheese quesadillas for another day. “We wanna make some bougie artisan quesadillas,” Brooks said.

The club had their first official meeting on Oct. 16 and they are in the works of planning more. They don’t know how often they are going to meet but they want to hold meetings during some of the more stressful times in school, like midterms and finals, Lipinsky said. Quesadilla club has 35 members on its roster as of right now and they are currently recruiting more . People who are interested in joining can go to the club’s Cougsync page at organization/quesadillaclub. People wanting to join pay a $5 member fee to join and there are no other requirements other than to show up. “It’s a low-stress club,” Brooks said. “There are no requirements to join.”

PAGE 4 | WEDNESDAY, OCT. 30, 2019



Women’s basketball

Cougars, Utah Utes kick off on Halloween

Soccer looks to get back in Top 25 as season reaches end By Jaclyn Seifert Evergreen reporter


Then-junior guard Chanelle Molina, left, looks past Aggie then-senior guard Rachel Brewster to make a pass during the basketball game against Utah State University on Nov. 6 in Beasley Coliseum. Molina scored 478 points during her junior year.

Leading team to great things

Senior guard Chanelle Molina wants to encourage young players so they can make an impact at WSU after she leaves


By Shayne Taylor Evergreen reporter

n a university filled with great energy and positivity, there is one yoga-loving basketball fanatic who is preparing herself for her senior season where she will hold herself to high expectations to make a strong postseason run with her teammates. Senior guard Chanelle Molina was raised in Kailua Kona, Hawaii by her parents Allan and Roselyn and is also the older sister of two other WSU basketball players, redshirt sophomore guard Celina Molina and sophomore guard Cherilyn Molina. Chanelle Molina started her WSU career in 2016. Despite missing half the season to a knee injury, she was named to the Pac-12 All-Freshmen team after a season where she scored double digits in twelve straight games and led the Cougars to their biggest upset in program history when she scored 33 points in an 82-73 victory over UCLA. Those 33 points also tied the single-game

record for freshmen. Chanelle Molina said that game is her favorite moment she has had at WSU. “I just needed that one breakout game where I was like ‘okay, I believe in myself I got this,’ and I think that was the game,” Chanelle Molina said. Coming off a junior campaign where she scored 478 total points and 25 double-digit scoring games, Chanelle Molina said she is not close to satisfied and has something much bigger in mind than numbers on the stat sheet. “It is not about stats, it is more so taking all the young players under my wing and grooming them so when I do leave they can still have an impact,” Chanelle Molina said. Chanelle Molina said her biggest inspiration has been associate head coach Laurie Koehn. Chanelle Molina said Koehn’s work ethic is something she has tried to keep up with ever since she started noticing it. “Coach Laurie’s work ethic is amazing. I see her car in the parking lot at 4:30 in

the morning,” Chanelle Molina said. “I see her exercising and later she is in the gym putting shots up.” Koehn said she noticed Chanelle Molina’s energy right away when she walked into the program in 2018. “One of the things we really challenged the team with when they first came in was the positive energy that they bring. Chanelle was a wide-eyed, hungry player that wanted to learn every chance she got,” Koehn said. As far as Chanelle Molina’s way of pushing aside stats and focusing more on helping a young core develop, Koehn said it is just part of her nature and the way she has stepped up is going to have a significant impact on her goals of making it to the next level. “She is very unselfish and trying always to do what is best for the team,” Koehn said. “Chanelle is taking massive strides and starting act like a pro.” Chanelle Molina said she noticed the positivity at WSU right away, which helped her finalized her decision to play here. “You want to go to a college where the people are genuine and I saw that here,” Chanelle Molina said. “Everyone is so

WSU soccer will play the University of Utah Utes in their second-to-last home game of the regular season at 7 p.m. on Thursday on the Lower Soccer Field. “It’s crunch time, getting into the tournament is a goal and these last few games, especially Utah, is a big game for us that we have to get a good result in,” redshirt senior goalkeeper Rachel Johnson said. WSU (10-5-1, 3-4-1) most recently dropped off the Top-25 United Soccer coaches and SoccerAmerica polls but remains ranked No. 23 on TopDrawerSoccer. The Cougars have an all-time record of 6-8-1 against Utah. The last time the Cougars played the Utes (6-7-4, 1-4-3) was in Salt Lake City a year ago, taking home a 1-0 loss in overtime. In 2019, WSU has committed 168 fouls while Utah has only committed 119. Both the Utes have allowed 20 goals this season, like the Cougars 19 goals allowed in the back of the net. WSU has scored 28 goals this season. Utah has scored 15. WSU had back-to-back losses falling 3-0 against No. 7 USC and 2-1 against No. 18 UCLA, despite a 1-0 lead at halftime. “We were so close against UCLA,” redshirt sophomore midfielder Marin Auth said. “I think we played pretty well. We had a lot of position and obviously we had a lot of chances to have won that game.” Auth said she is proud of her team this season of balancing the wins and the losses.


Sophomore defender Mykiaa Minniss defends the ball from Montana sophomore midfielder Zoe Transtrum during the game against University of Montana on Aug. 30 at the Lower Soccer Field. “Obviously we are not going to win every game, but to be able to bounce back from some of those games is really important, so I think we learned a lot from last year in that aspect,” Auth said. Last season the Cougars won their first 10 games before los-

ing five in a row. “We have not been winning, but I do not think we are in a bad place at the same time, so I think we will do fine because we know the stakes are high to get into the tournament,” junior defender Brianna Alger said.

After their game against Washington on Nov. 8, the Cougars will find out if they will play in the NCAA tournament. “It is kind of bittersweet knowing that I am never going to play soccer again after this season, but it’s been fun, this group of is

amazing, just the lifelong friends you make and the experiences we have are really good,” Johnson said. WSU begins play against the University of Utah at 7 p.m. on Thursday at the Lower Soccer Field. The Utah game can be viewed on the Pac-12 network.

friendly and always smiling.” Chanelle Molina ended up matching those same characteristics to help her as a student and on the court, as she would go on to put her name in the WSU record books and will hope to carry it over for the 2019-2020 basketball season. The feeling of knowing this is her last run with WSU is bittersweet and her self-improvement, as well as the growth she has seen from the team, will lead them to a historic season, Chanelle Molina said. “I cannot wait to showcase my skillset to help lead the team to great things this year,” Chanelle Molina said. “Every day this team is just looking so much better in practice by executing better on offense and communicating defensively.”

GET OUT & GO - WHAT: Women’s basketball vs Beijing Normal University (Exhibition) - WHEN: 5:30 p.m. Thursday - WHERE: Beasley Coliseum

Opinion: WSU basketball schedule predictions

Cougars face tough opponents in, out of conference this season By Kuria Pounds Evergreen columnist

The Pac-12 Conference for women’s basketball is definitely superior in terms of postseason success than the Pac-12 conference for men’s basketball last year. Six teams reach the field of 64 for the Women’s March Madness: Oregon and Stanford were two seeds, UCLA was a six, Arizona State was a five, California was an eight and Oregon State was a four. The Pac-12 Women’s Basketball Coaches’ Poll has WSU finishing 10th in the conference, ahead of California and Colorado. I think

WSU will finish eighth in the conference with 8-10 record in the conference and 17-18 record overall on the season. The Cougars play 14 teams who were in the NCAA tournament last year. Last year, WSU women’s basketball finished 4-14 in the conference and 9-21 overall. Redshirt senior Borislava “Bobi Buckets” Hristova said she wants WSU to get an NCAA tournament bid. The Cougars’ non-conference schedule may work out for them, but what about in conference? WSU women’s basketball opens the season at home in an exhibition game against Beijing Normal University on Halloween, then host Pepperdine University and BYU. BYU was a seven-seed in the last year’s tournament and looks to have another tourna-

ment worthy season. WSU will start 2-1 in the season, losing to BYU at home. WSU faces Boise State and California State UniversityNorthridge before heading to the Virgin Islands. BSU was a 13-seed in the tournament last year and almost upset the Oregon State Beavers. Heading to St. Thomas, WSU will have a 3-2 non-conference record. In St. Thomas, the Cougars must face the defending national champions the Baylor Lady Bears along with South Carolina and Indiana. South Carolina was a four seed last year and Indiana was a 10 seed. This is hard, but I don’t see the Cougars winning a game, just because of the level of difficulty. After their trip to the Virgin

Islands, WSU has three-consecutive home games against the University of Arkansas-Pine Bluff, Gonzaga and UC Irvine. They should win all 3, bringing their record to 6-5 before going to Miami. In their final non-conference games, WSU goes to Miami to face both Southern University and the University of Miami. Southern made the tournament as a 16 seed last year and Miami as a four seed. WSU just had the back luck of the draw, playing former tournament teams for most of their non-conference slate. WSU will finish 6-7 heading into Pac-12 play. WSU opens Pac-12 play against the University of Washington at home, followed by three road games against Stanford,

California and Washington. Last year, WSU beat UW both at home and on the road, and they will repeat that success this year. However, with Stanford, on the road, it will be difficult. WSU will start out 3-1 in conference play, having a 9-8 overall record. WSU has two home games against the University of Arizona and Arizona State, followed by road games against Southern California and UCLA. Both UCLA and ASU were tournament teams from last year, and Arizona is looking for a bounce-back season after finishing 7-11 in the conference. I see WSU winning one of four games, having a 4-4 conference record, 13-12 overall. The Cougars then have four See Schedule Page 5


Then-redshirt sophomore forward Borislava Hristova drives to the basket with USC’s then-senior guard Sadie Edwards guarding her on Jan. 26 2018 in Beasley Coliseum. The Cougars face USC twice in conference play during 2019-2020 season.

Schedule | Continued from Page 4 straight home games, against California, Stanford, University of Colorado and the University of Utah. WSU will split the California and Stanford games, and the Colorado and Utah games,

going 6-6 in the conference and 15-14 overall. WSU then plays ASU and Arizona on the road, followed by Southern California and UCLA at home. Like last time, I see WSU

going 2-2 in this slate, because of the high level of competition, and having their conference record be 8-8 and overall record to 17-16. The Cougars finish the season on the road against the University

of Oregon and Oregon State University, two of the top teams in the conference. Both teams are very good and proved so in the tournament. As a Cougar, I hope WSU has a

successful season, but with tough competition in the Pac-12, it will be hard for Bobi Buckets and the rest of her team to make it to the NCAA tournament.


News Editor Daisy Zavala Deputy News Editor Cody Schoeler PAGE 6 | WEDNESDAY, OCT. 30, 2019

The Daily Evergreen @DailyEvergreen DAILYEVERGREEN.COM

Council | Continued from Page 1


Mayor Glenn Johnson discusses the impact the new portable stage has on the community on Tuesday night at Pullman City Hall. Mike Urban, Pullman finance and administration services director, said the stage would cost approximately $158,000. up at any time against domestic violence,” Mayor Glenn Johnson said. Scott Adams, CEO of Pullman Regional Hospital, and Jeff Elbracht, director of facilities and finance for WSU University Recreation, gave a joint presentation on the New Era of Excellence bond, which is on the upcoming ballot. Elbracht said the two focuses of

the bond are the electronic medical record system and the 45,000 square feet of new land for outpatient services. Adams said the cost to property owners would be 99 cents per $1,000 of assessed property value. He said similar to the current bond that is near retirement, the amount taxed will likely decrease as property values increase in Pullman.

Optometrist | Cont. from Page 1

the patient when she takes the time to listen and give extra time to them during services. Cooke said she is only available for patient care right now. She works three days a week at the Moscow eye clinic, but the clinic is open five days a week. The clinic has an optician and offers general services

It is a condition of the loan to remain employed at least two days a week at an external clinic, she said. “It is pretty darn expensive,” she said. “It was several hundred thousand dollars of expenses, but it is absolutely worth it to be able to practice with autonomy, conscience and ethics.”

It doesn’t matter whether they have state insurance . . . everyone should be treated with compassion Enjoli Cooke

She said she believes in first treating everybody the same and showing loyalty to them, then the money part will take care of itself. “It doesn’t matter whether they have state insurance, or other government-funded plans, private pay, everyone should be treated with compassion,” she said. She said it means a lot to


to patients’ eyewear fittings, contact lenses and examinations, she said. “We’ve been open for six days total of patient care. And we’ve already had 18 patients come through,” Cooke said. “Pretty soon, depending on my level of profitability in business, I will be able to get rid of the part-time job.”

Mike Urban, Pullman finance and administration services director, said the city council should accept a bid from Century Industries LLC to build a portable stage that can be used at events like the Fourth of July or Lentil Festivals. He previously suggested they decline a bid from Century Industries LLC because it was beyond the funds available for the

project, he said. However, after they declined and put out a second bid, the same company was the only one that responded. He said the portable stage will cost approximately $158,000 and he is doing what he can to save money with things like having the company deliver the stage. City attorney Laura McAloon prepared a memo for councilmembers that explained what

powers the city has over nuisance regulation. Councilmember Eileen MacColl said the city should address residents’ concerns with downtown business nuisances, which include unsightliness. Several councilmembers expressed interest in making new regulations for nuisances and said they needed time to read the memo and make informed decisions.


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WEDNESDAY, OCT. 30, 2019 | PAGE 7

Credit card fees will soon be on the rise Square is raising their transation charges, taking affect on Friday By Amy Edelen The Spokesman-Review

For The Scoop owner Jennifer Davis, using San Francisco-based Square’s system to process customers’ credit and debit card transactions has been simple and affordable. But Square’s decision to change its per-transaction fees has Davis and other local business owners concerned it could double credit card processing costs and affect their bottom lines. Square is changing the transaction fee it collects from credit card sales from 2.75% to 2.6%, but adding 10 cents for every transaction effective Friday. The changes go into effect immediately for new businesses that sign up for Square. Davis was shocked by Square’s fee increase, which she calculated equated to one of her monthly lease payments when she revisited a recent month’s transaction. “I have high volume and low average ticket sales. It will hurt us,” Davis said. “I did a comparison of this past August and my fees would go up $400 for that month alone.” Credit card transactions account for 60% of sales at The Scoop, which processes several smaller credit card purchases per day for ice cream, especially in the busy summer months. Square indicated on its website that increasing fees will “better align our rates with industry-wide transaction costs.” Square pays both fixed and variable fees to banks and credit card companies to process payments on behalf of businesses. Indaba Coffee owner Bobby Enslow heard about Square’s price hike via Instagram and was disappointed the company chose to raise fees without much explanation or feedback from businesses, some of whom were early adopters of the system. “What’s attractive about Square is its an all-in-one system and with a flat percentage rate, it allows small businesses that are just starting out -- that have smaller transactions -- a


“The additional increase in operating cost is going to minimum wage,” Indaba Coffee owner Bobby Enslow said. way to start up,” he said. Indaba’s present average sale is around $6 with a 16 cent fee per credit card transaction. But under Square’s fee changes, that fee will increase to 25 cents per transaction. Credit card sales make up about 80% of Indaba’s sales, Enslow said. Enslow is concerned Square’s price increase will coincide with the state’s minimum wage increase from $12 to $13.50 an hour, which goes into effect in January. “The additional increase in operating costs is going to compound with the increase in minimum wage and it’s kind of a sudden double whammy for us,” he said. Small business owners across the state are discussing Square’s fee increase on Facebook and other social media platforms. Maxwell Mooney, owner of


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Everett-based Narrative Coffee, launched a petition, which claims Square’s transaction fee increase would cut into already slim profit margins and take advantage of business owners who rely on the system for credit card sales, loyalty programs, inventory management and other services. The petition, signed by more than 8,000 people as of Friday, is asking Square to retain its existing 2.75% flat transaction fee, or meet business owners in the middle with a more reasonable rate -- like a 3% flat fee. Gourmet Foragables and More -- a Spokane-area business that sells wild harvest greens, fruits and mushrooms to local restaurants, casinos and country clubs -- would also be hit hard by an increase in Square’s transaction fees. Owner Josh Yake has processed thousands of transactions this year for Gourmet

Foragables and a lemonade stand he operates at farmers markets, selling cups of lemonade for $4 with $2 refills. “Even if (Square’s) costs are going up, this measure seems extreme to me,” he said, adding lemonade refills are a big portion of business at farmers markets. “It’s going to be an inconvenience on a lot of levels.” Businesses are considering alternative payment processors and encouraging customers to pay with cash. Some may even need to raise prices to cover Square’s fee increase. “We have a lot of transactions that are under $5, so we potentially may increase our prices a little bit to cover all of the changes, but we are also looking for ways to be more efficient, get our cream prices down and find other ways to save,” said Davis, owner of The Scoop. Spokane Independent Metro Business Alliance is exploring








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an alternative payment platform, Local Frequency, for its members, which would cut out fees and create a community benefit to consumers for shopping local and independent. Davis, a longtime Square merchant, is hesitant to switch from the system because she could potentially lose loyalty program information for more than 9,000 customers. Enslow, of Indaba, hasn’t decided if he’ll switch from Square because it could take months to change over the system for Indaba’s five locations. Indaba, to reduce processing fees, is offering customers 4% off purchases of gift cards totaling $25 or more. Enslow is also encouraging customers to pay with cash. “For me, the old adage that cash is king is still very much alive,” Enslow said.

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PAGE 8 | WEDNESDAY, OCT. 30, 2019



Local hospital proposes bond to make upgrades $29 million to fund outpatient facility, records system By Arielle Dreher The Spokesman-Review

Pullman Regional Hospital will build a 45,000-squarefoot outpatient medical facility, upgrade its electronic records system and take a major step toward creating its first residency program if voters pass a $29 million bond in November. The hospital is working with Washington State University’s College of Medicine to establish the family medicine residency. Hospital officials say the passage of the bond, which would increase property taxes for homeowners in Pullman, is a necessary step toward creating the residency program. “It became clear that the medical school probably needs to use their expertise to develop the programmatic infrastructure, the curriculum, faculty, leadership, assuring accreditation and all the things that go into keeping it on the right track, and we then have the responsibility to create the space,” said Scott Adams, the hospital’s CEO. Medical school graduates must spend at least three years in a residency, training under the supervision of experienced doctors, before they can practice as independent physicians. Residencies often last longer, depending on the medical specialty. Residency spots are hard to come by in Eastern Washington and are largely concentrated in the Spokane area. For hospitals and clinics looking to recruit doctors, that’s a problem, because physicians are more likely to stay and practice medi-

cine in the state where they complete their residencies. “It’s a constant effort to recruit physicians. Some retire, and some move on for a whole host of other reasons,” said Tricia Grantham, president of the hospital district board that oversees Pullman Regional. “So that recruitment and retention is always a challenge in a small town.” In the past decade, 56 percent of physicians who completed residencies in Washington stayed and practiced in the state, according to data from the Association of American Medical Colleges. The Pullman Regional Hospital district has seven elected commissioners. With the same boundaries as the city of Pullman, the district is funded through a combination of local taxes, donations and federal reimbursements. The hospital expansion is expected to cost $40 million. If the $29 million bond passes, the hospital plans to use its own funds and money from its foundation to make up the difference. Pullman residents already are paying the last portion of a bond passed in 2001 to fund construction of the hospital. The new bond would take effect as the old one expires, raising property taxes within city limits. The hospital estimates that for a home assessed at $250,000, the new bond would raise taxes $167 per year. Pullman residents were asked to vote on the new bond in a single-issue ballot in April. It received 64 percent of the vote, but turnout was too low. Hospital officials are more confident this time. Grantham, the hospital district board president, said a

citizens committee has been educating voters about the bond. She said residents have posed questions about the impact to their property taxes, but she’s heard little pushback about how the hospital would use the money. While the new building space would help meet requirements for the proposed family medicine residency, it would also enable the hospital to expand services in various specialties, from psychiatry to obstetrics and gynecology. Grantham said¬ the hospital currently has a growing patient base, but no room to expand services. “It’s become crystal clear to everyone who knows this facility: We don’t have the space for adding new specialties,” Grantham said. “And there’s going to be a constant demand for those specialties, and where are we going to put you?” Pullman Regional leaders have long wanted to establish a residency. Adams, the CEO, said hospital officials started looking at options several years ago, in conversations with Providence Health & Services and the University of Washington. They would have launched a “rural training track” — part of a residency program that takes place in a rural community for up to two years but is connected to a larger, usually more urban, hospital. Pullman Regional submitted an initial application to establish a residency in conjunction with Providence Holy Family Hospital, Adams said. The application fell short in some areas, so it didn’t receive a final judgment from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. Then WSU opened its medi-

cal school, presenting a new option, Adams said. “That little hiatus with Providence and WSU’s decision to enter into the medical education arena presented us with an interesting opportunity,” he said. Pullman Regional approached WSU and proposed collaborating in several areas, hospital and university leaders said. They signed a memorandum of understanding in November 2018. Adams said the parties began exploring ways to establish a full family medicine residency in Pullman, not just a rural training track. They are preparing a new application to be submitted in a couple of years. Dr. Jonathan Espenschied, WSU’s dean of graduate and continuing medical education, has been developing the curriculum for nearly two years. He also has applied for grants to fund the program, including $750,000 from the federal Health Resources and Services Administration and $5.5 million from Premera Blue Cross. The residency program is tentatively expected to launch in July 2022, with three residents to start and 12 at capacity. It is not common nationally for full residency programs to be based in critical access hospitals like Pullman Regional. By definition, critical access hospitals are small facilities, with 25 or fewer beds, that have 24-hour emergency departments among other qualifications. They are reimbursed differently through Medicare and Medicaid, sometimes at a lower rate than urban hospitals if they provide graduate medical education. “Critical access hospitals are penalized, if you will, for trying to set up residency programs

because of that reimbursement model,” Espenschied said. “I’m hoping we can use this as a model, to show it can be done in a critical access hospital.” Even if the bond passes, funding the residency program will be an ongoing challenge. Adams said money “is even more limited for critical access hospitals, so that’s probably one of our biggest infrastructure challenges.” WSU and Pullman Regional will submit their application to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. Dr. Lynne Kirk, the council’s chief accreditation officer, noted that family medicine residents must treat many types of patients, from babies to the elderly. “Family medicine doctors are trained to meet a wide variety of their patients’ health care needs, so they need those experiences with enough depth in each of those areas,” Kirk said. In addition to the accreditation requirements, Adams said Pullman Regional plans to create a separate clinic where residents could provide primary care to patients outside of a hospital setting. Pullman Regional also would use bond funding to digitize and streamline its medical records system using Epic software, enabling the hospital to connect with other systems in Spokane and Seattle. Grantham said she hopes the residency will encourage physicians to continue practicing in Pullman. “They tend to stay where they do their residency,” Grantham said. “Maybe not forever, but they may say, ‘This was a pretty cool experience. I’m going to stick around.’ “

University of Idaho close to installing solar panels School has raised 49 percent of the total cost

By Scott Jackson The Moscow-Pullman Daily News

The University of Idaho could have its first solar array online and feeding power to campus buildings as soon as next spring, so long as fundraising goes as planned. Spearheaded by U of I’s student-led Sustainability Center, the effort seeks to install nearly 400 solar panels on the rooftop of the school’s Integrated Research and Innovation Center. The project is estimated to cost around $365,000 -- which would be recouped via energy savings reaped through the lifespan of the installation. “Most of our emissions come from our built environment and we know that electricity costs are increasing by 5 percent per year -- it’s really difficult for large institutions to navigate these cost increases which are the equivalent of millions of dollars,” Sustainability Center Director Jeannie Matheison said. “When you purchase a solar array, it’s like buying your energy in bulk for 30 years or longer at a fixed price.” Beyond energy savings, Matheison said there are numerous advantages to having a solar installation located in the heart of campus. She said in many ways, it will be a “real world classroom” that can be toured by classes and used in research. Additionally, it’s a great recruitment tool. She said surveys show 63 percent of students want to attend a university that is leading the way in addressing the climate crisis. She said the project has already received 49 percent of the project cost — around $179,000 — from stakeholders and another $25,000 generated from student fees. She said they are reaching out to corporate sponsors with hopes of generating another $95,000.

Matheison said she hopes to raise the final $65,000 in a crowdfunding campaign currently available through Dec. 10 on the school’s crowdfunding site, U and I Give. As of Monday evening, the campaign raised about $7,300. The Sustainability Center recently sent out requests for proposals to 17 vendors, said Matheison, who will soon begin submitting cost estimates and designs for the installation. “I will have that information a little bit after the crowdfunding campaign ends,” Matheison said. “If at that time we’ve raised all the money, [we] will be able to hire a vendor contract with them and install by spring — but all that’s contingent upon raising the 44 percent of funding that we still are seeking.” As the IRIC is one of the more energy intensive buildings on campus, Matheison said the array would only be capable of servicing a portion of its needs most of the time — though on sunny summer days when the building sees little use, the installation’s output may meet or exceed those needs. However, Matheison said this would be a significant step toward realizing U of I’s institutional goal of carbon neutrality by the year 2030. She noted sustainability is also enshrined in the university’s strategic plan as one of its five core values. She said she hopes the IRIC array will act as a pilot project that will help administrators and stakeholders understand the value and need for other sustainable ventures at U of I. “The vision for the future is to install a 10 megawatt array with third party financing — which means there’s no out of pocket money for the university,” She said. “An array of that size is something like 70 acres of solar panels. It meets 100 percent of university energy demand, and helps the university to achieve its carbon neutrality goal.”

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