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EVERGREEN THE DAILY

T H E S T U D E N T VO I C E O F WA S H I N G TO N S TAT E U N I V E R S I T Y S I N C E 1 8 9 5 .

TUESDAY, OCT. 22, 2019

VOL. 126 NO. 47

CRIME

Prosecutor decides not to retry sexual misconduct case Jury could not reach verdict, victim chose not to retry Hargraves By Jayce Carral Evergreen reporter

By the victim’s request, the Whitman County Prosecutor will not be retrying former Pullman Police Sgt. Jerry Daniel Hargraves for firstdegree custodial sexual misconduct. Hargraves’ trial ended Sept. 19, 2019 in a mistrial. Whitman County Prosecutor Denis Tracy said the jury was unable to reach a unanimous decision on whether or not Hargraves was guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. Tracy was deciding whether or not to retry the case, according to The Daily Evergreen. The Whitman County Prosecutor’s

Office issued a press release stating Tracy would not be retrying the case. In the press release, Tracy said his decision was based upon the victim’s request to not retry. Tracy said he approached the victim the day the trial was declared a mistrial and asked her if she wanted him to retry it. “I came to the conclusion that I very much wanted to retry the case, but the victim took some time to think it over carefully,” he said. He said the victim told him on Oct. 9 that she did not want to testify again and therefore did not want to retry Hargraves. “She was not willing to go through the additional trauma and indignity of another trial of having to come back and testify and go through it all

again in front of the jury,” he said. “And I won’t force her to go through the trial process again.” Tracy said by law, witnesses must testify in person and be cross-examined by the defense. He said he believes the outcome would have been different if the case had been retried. “I think that there was - is - enough evidence to support a conviction,” he said. “I can never predict with certainty what a jury will do, at any particular case, but I was very ready and willing to try.” According to the Arrest Warrant, the court issued an arrest warrant Oct. 29, 2018 after stating Hargraves was unlikely to respond to a court summons. Hargraves was arrested Oct. 30, 2018 by the Washington State Patrol. He resigned from his position as

Pullman police sergeant on Nov. 26. According to the Pretrial Release Order, Hargraves remained in custody until Oct. 30, 2018 when he was released on personal recognizance, which means Hargraves’s release is contingent on his agreement to appear at all following court dates and not engage in any criminal activity. Hargraves was also not allowed to contact the victim during his release, according to the Pretrial Release Order. According to the Information for Custodial Sexual Misconduct in the First Degree, Class C Felony court document, Hargraves was charged with custodial sexual misconduct in the first degree, which is a class C felony, on Oct. 29, 2018. Hargraves allegedly

engaged in sexual intercourse with the victim, a WSU student, when she was in his custody, according to the document. According to the State’s Motion In-Limine to Exclude Evidence of Victim’s Sexual Behavior court document, the defense was not allowed to present the victim’s sexual behavior prior to the incident as evidence. The defense was also not allowed to present the victim’s sexual behavior, if any, after the incident as evidence. The incident began with the victim’s arrest for public intoxication of a minor, according to the Motion In-Limine. After the victim was placed in the squad car, she “offered to do ‘anything’ to avoid being taken to the police station” or having See Hargraves Page 7

FINANCE

LOCAL

WSU paints mural for school

Local hospital gets grants to help fund future plans Extra funding will be used to employ staff, improve services By Benjamin White Evergreen reporter

ANDREA GONZALEZ | THE DAILY EVERGREEN

Kamiak Elementary School hosted a ceremony to honor the mural created by WSU students. “Elementary kids love art,” said Evan Hecker, principal of Kamiak Elementary School. “They love creating things.”

Art, chemistry departments collaborated with local school district to create artwork

A

By Andrea Gonzalez Evergreen reporter

mural depicting a kestrel bird flying over tulips sits on the playground of Kamiak Elementary School. The school held a ceremony to cel-

ebrate the color-changing mural created by WSU students. Evan Hecker, principal of Kamiak Elementary, said the event recognizes the collaboration between the Pullman school district, the WSU art department and WSU chemistry department. “We saw the mural grow in our initial months as a school, so it was a good community project,” he said. Joe Hedges, Amy Nielsen and other project members supported the completion of the mural, Hecker said.

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In this issue:

Hedges was involved in the painting process and Nielsen was involved in the chemistry aspect of developing the colors used. Hecker said it was a great fit to share a canvas with Hedges and his team to provide inspiration for students. “Elementary kids love art,” he said. “They love creating things.” Hecker said they’ve received a lot of positive feedback from the university See Kamiak Page 7

Pullman Regional Hospital recently received two grants that total to $1.2 million and will be used to partially fund the Next Era of Excellence plan. Becky Highfill, PRH director of the center for learning and innovation, said one grant came from the Greater Columbia Accountable Community of Health and the other came from the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRCA). Officials at the hospital applied for these grants in the spring of 2019, she said. Both of the grants will be distributed to the hospital in increments as they reach milestones on their plan, Highfill said. “For the HRCA grant, it will be used to employ a nurse and a social work team to be trained and to implement motivational interviewing and health coaching techniques with our clinical staff,” Highfill said. The other grant will be used to implement a more teambased approach to care, she said. “When a patient comes in and sees their doctor it’s possible that in that same appointment they could see the behavioral health specialist, or a dietitian, or a pharmacist,” Highfill said. Both grants are about $600,000 each and they relate to the hospital expansion plan in the Next Era of Excellence plan, said Highfill.

Sports | 5

Opinion | 4

Lauren’s Promise

Bring Snowden home

Pac-12 football standings

news@dailyevergreen.com

Jill McCluskey spoke to GPSA about campus safety and available resources.

Edward Snowden did a huge service to the country. He should be allowed to return to the U.S.

Check out where WSU is after the homecoming win. The Cougs play the Oregon Ducks this week.

(509) 335-2465

News | Page 3

Opinion | Page 4

Sports | Page 5

News tip? Contact news editor Daisy Zavala


PAGE 2 | TUESDAY, OCT. 22, 2019

Community Calendar Wednesday 10/23 Speaker to cover digital, offline relationships. Beginning at 5:30 p.m., the WSU Global C ampus will host “ Digital Connections: Interpersonal relationships through.” Speaker Dr. Alexander Spradlin will focus on how and why people seek out others through technology, and how this impacts of fline relationships in his talk. This event is free and open to the public, and registration is available via the Facebook event page.

Thursday 10/24 Kahoot comes to campus. Starting at 6 p.m., the Student Entertainment Board will host a trivia night. Catered food and prizes will be available for attendees. The trivia game will be played individually via Kahoot, but bringing friends is encouraged. This event is free and open to the public, and located in the CUB Senior Ballroom. To submit, email events to meditor@dailyevergreen.com. Preference will be given to events that are free and open to the public or are hosted by an RSO, and must include time, date and place.

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Daily Police Log Sunday Communications Problem SE Bishop Boulevard, 6:50 a.m. Officer responded to an open 911 line. Determined to be accidental.

P r o p e r t y D a m a g e , N o n -Va n d a l i s m NW Larry Street, 3:12 p.m. Report of a damaged fence. Officer responded. Code Violations NE Colorado Street, 3:34 p.m. Officer requested case for code violations.

Parking Problem NW Juniper Way & NE Orchard Dr, 9:10 a.m. Found Property Report of a car partially blocking SE Kamiaken Street, 3:46 p.m. traffic. Officer responded. Case created for a found wallet. Civil Calls Ac c i d e n t N o n - I n j u r y NE Terre View Drive, 10:47 a.m. E Main St & NE Kamiaken St, 3:52 p.m. Reporting party called to request a Officer responded to a two vehicle, civil standby. non-injury accident. A n i m a l P r o b l e m /C o m p l a i n t Ac c i d e n t N o n - I n j u r y NE Terre View Drive, 11:23 a.m. NE Spokane St & NE Campus St, 4:54 p.m. Officer requested case for an animal Officers responded to a non-injury problem. accident. Determined to be WSUPD jurisdiction. Civil Calls N Grand Avenue, 11:42 a.m. Noise Complaint Reporting party called to request a NE Northwood Drive, 5:19 p.m. civil standby. Officer responded. Officer responded to a noise complaint. S u s p i c i o u s P e r s o n /C i r c u m s t a n c e Citizen Assist NE Campus Street, 12:01 p.m. SE Harvest Drive, 6:29 p.m. Report of a vehicle with a weapon Request for a citizen assist. Officer inside. Officer responded. responded. Citizen Assist S Grand Avenue, 1:57 p.m. Officer responded to the request of someone locked in a storage unit facility. Code Violations NE California Street, 3:02 p.m. Officer requested case for code violations.

Found Property SE Kamiaken Street, 9:07 p.m. Case created for a phone iWatch.

Monday Airport Security Airport Complex North, 3:45 a.m. Security detail completed.

In the Stars | Horoscopes Today ’s B ir t hday —— Write, share and connect this year. Contribute steady love and energy for domestic flowering. New love and romance enliven the winter before a professional shift requires adaptation. Change your story next summer, inspiring career growth in a new direction. Express and connect for common passion. Aries (March 21 - April 19) —— Harmony could require effort. Don’t show a loved one unfinished work. Keep polishing the details on a creative project. A lucky connection bridges a gap. Taurus (April 20 - May 20) —— Beautify a mess at home. Find family solutions. You can get what you need. Discover practical solutions through conversation. Diplomacy and communication resolve a concern. Gemini (May 21 - June 20) —— Keep your sense of humor. Miscommunications could confound and delay things. Don’t gamble with the rent. Friends help you make an important connection. Cancer (June 21 - July 22) —½— Abundance can be yours. Don’t stir up jealousies or controversy. Costs are higher than expected. Take advantage of a lucky and profitable opportunity.

Leo (July 23 - Aug. 22) —½— Discover a personal good luck omen or sign. Fortune rewards your initiative, courage and persistence. Imagine the result you want and go for it. Virgo (Aug. 23 - Sept. 22) —½— Avoid risk or expense. Simplify things. Review where you’ve been and consider future plans. Restore your energy with good food and extra sleep. Libra (Sept. 23 - Oct. 22) —— Help others on your team understand a subtlety that you recognize. A lucky opportunity beckons. Cheer everyone on. Together you can win. Scorpio (Oct. 23 - Nov. 21) —— A lucky professional opportunity appears. Like a diamond in the rough, it may not look like much. Make sure that foundations are strong and that demand is high.

Sagittarius (Nov. 22 - Dec. 21) —½— Monitor road and traffic conditions before dashing off. Guard against overdoing things. Take the easier route. Rest frequently. Research ways around an obstacle. Capricorn (Dec. 22 - Jan. 19) —— Review numbers and monitor budgets. You can see hidden potential. It may not look luxurious. Fix things up together and watch the values rise. Aquarius (Jan. 20 - Feb. 18) —½— Avoid a temporary clash between love and money with your partner. Stay gracious and forgiving of mistakes. Make plans for the future together. Pisces (Feb. 19 - March 20) —— Keep practicing. Luck benefits self-discipline and initiative. Get feedback from trusted doctors, coaches and colleagues. Your performance is growing stronger. Polish the rough spots. TRIBUNE MEDIA SERVICE

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The Daily Evergreen @DailyEvergreen TUESDAY, OCT. 22, 2019 | PAGE 3

Jill McCluskey addresses campus safety

Over 30 universities in U.S. adopt Lauren’s Promise into syllabi By Madysen McLain Evergreen reporter

Tuesday marks the oneyear anniversary of Lauren McCluskey’s death. Jill McCluskey, mother of Lauren and WSU School of Economic Sciences director, spoke to GPSA senators about Lauren’s Promise on Monday night. “I will listen and believe you if someone is threatening you,” is stated as part of Lauren’s Promise. Lauren McCluskey,late 21-year-old University of Utah student and former Pullman High School track star, was murdered by a man she briefly dated. Over 30 universities in the U.S. have adopted Lauren’s Promise into university syllabi, Jill McCluskey said. The promise provides students with resources if they experience domestic violence, sexual assault or stalking. WSU police officers will treat victims with respect and provide confidentiality, Jill McCluskey said. She is working to have more

With this promise we can make sure this never happens again Jill McCluskey director

WSU professors implement Lauren’s Promise into their syllabi, Jill McCluskey said. “With this promise, we can all make sure that this never happens again,” she said. Jill McCluskey said she received an email from a WSU

TIMOTHY FAIRBANKS-CLOUSER | THE DAILY EVERGREEN

Jill McCluskey, WSU School of Economic Sciences director, speaks at the GPSA meting about the passing of her daughter and the importance of Laurens Promise on Monday evening in the CUB. professor saying that he put Lauren’s Promise on their syllabus. A student came to him and referred to the promise asking for help and resources. “Already one person has been saved,” she said. “We can all do something now.” University of Utah President Ruth Watkins designated October as SafeU month to promote campus safety. Students expressed concerns of the university’s accountability and transparency

in a protest declaration, demanding to sit down with Watkins, according to a report from ABC 4 Utah. The declaration stated, “We the students of the University of Utah, have watched as our campus leadership has continually failed to take accountability for the faults leading to numerous horrendous tragedies.” Univeristy of Utah students staged a campus-wide walkout Monday afternoon, marking one

year since Lauren’s death, according to the report. GPSA senators discussed concerns with campus safety pertaining to WSU. One senator asked for Jill McCluskey’s thoughts about the mistrial of Pullman Police Sgt. Dan Hargraves and how that could lead to distrust in police. “I want to interact with the police more,” Jill McCluskey said. “They have good leadership and they try to communicate better

than other universities across departments.” Stephanie Johnson, veterinary medicine senator, said there are lighting concerns around campus. A parking lot by the veterinary school has a path made of gravel, with a hill and an unsafe sidewalk. On Stadium Way, the crossings are not well-lit enough for students trying to cross, making it unsafe for drivers and students, she said.

Program serves people with limited dental care access By Shanel Haynes Evergreen reporter

The SmileMobile dental program provides oral health care to children, teenagers, pregnant and postpartum women with limited access to dental care across the state of Washington. SmileMobile dentists and staff provide services such as examinations, preventative services, minor surgery and fillings to patients, said Karri Amundson

According to the SmileMobile website the van is 39 feet long with two slide-outs creating more space to operate. The van also has three A-Dec operatories to accommodate children and pregnant women. Amundson said the three chair dental van serves as a clinic and has treated over 40,000 children throughout the state and an average of 80 children, teens and pregnant women each week. The program bills patients through Apple Health Medicaid, and has fees based on family income and size. Many programs don’t accept Medicaid so that is one of the reasons that the van

SmileMobile travels across Washington, will be in Clarkston

I think for our families who have a difficult time accessing dental care, this is a great way to bring the care to them Rob Hoffman

SmileMobile program officer. Rob Hoffman, principal of Grantham Elementary, said the SmileMobile van is more accessible to the community because it is located near the school. “I think for our families who have a difficult time accessing dental care, this is a great way to bring the care to them,” he said. The SmileMobile dental van has traveled across Washington State since 1995. The van visits over 30 different locations each year, she said.

principal

travels, she said. The program is a partnership between the Arcora Foundation and Seattle Children’s Hospital with support from the largest dental insurance company in the state Delta Dental of Washington. Delta Dental of Washington provides funding to the program. The company sees SmileMobile as a way to give back to communities within Washington state, she said. The van is staffed by volunteers selected by the Arcora Foundation. “Volunteers must

MATT LEMMON | FLICKR COMMONS

The SmileMobile dental program well be in Clarkston, Washington to provide dental health services to individuals who don’t have access to dental services. be licensed with the state of Washington as dental hygienics or registered as an assistant within Washington State to work on the SmileMobile,” she said. When the SmileMobile van visits communities staff try to recruit as many volunteers as

possible. Having contracted dentists working in the van helps when visiting more rural areas. In those rural areas there are fewer dentists and because of that the program also has contractors that work for us, she said. “The van is already complete-

ly booked for the first day from what I heard, so I would consider that a success already,” Hoffman said. Amundson said the goal of SmileMobile is to prevent oral health disease, expand access to dental care and increase the awareness of oral health.


Opinion Editor Alana Lackner opinion@dailyevergreen.com PAGE 4 | TUESDAY, OCT. 22, 2019

Opinion

The Daily Evergreen @DailyEvergreen DAILYEVERGREEN.COM

U.S. should not interfere in Hong Kong protests Relations with China already strained; U.S. needs focus on trade By Gus Waters Evergreen columnist

T

he United States should not intervene in Hong Kong and instead should try stabilizing trade relations with China. For the past 19 weeks in Hong Kong, large scale protests have been occurring over a controversial extradition bill proposed by Carrie Lam, the chief executive of Hong Kong. The bill would send suspected criminals from Hong Kong to China where they would face prosecution in a country with an extreme degree of civil liberties and human rights violations. Hong Kong operates under a complicated set of rules that are heavily monitored by the Chinese central government; the city has its own government that can make its own decisions, said Noriko Kawamura, WSU professor who specializes in U.S. relations with East Asia. Kawamura also said that while Hong Kong can make its own decisions and has considerable autonomy, all the representatives in the Hong Kong chamber of government must be approved by China to run for office. Beijing has been stepping up its attempts to seize more political control of Hong Kong and the extradition bill is just another step at eroding Hong Kong’s ability to make its own decisions, Kawamura said. This has led many prodemocracy protesters in Hong

FEIRAN ZOU | DAIILY EVERGREEN ILLUSTRATION

The U.S. doesn’t stand to gain anything from interfering in Hong Kong. In fact, an act of interference could greatly sabotage any efforts focusing on repairing trade relations with China. This could increase the number of human rights violations and negatively affect the U.S. economy. Kong to turn to the streets to voice their concerns, of which there are many. According to Human Rights Watch, the Chinese government imprisons government protestors, has strict internet censorship, returns North Korean refugees to their country of origin, places Muslim minority groups in concentration camps, represses Tibetan claims for better treatment and in the past has massacred civilians. The Chinese regime is disgusting. That is why the United States House of Representatives voted unanimously to offi-

cially reaffirm U.S. relations with Hong Kong and place sanctions on Chinese officials responsible for human rights violations in Hong Kong. Martha Cottam, WSU professor who specializes in international relations, said that while the bill could be symbolically important for Hong Kong democracy, it would hurt attempts to end the current trade war with China damaging our economy. Having trade with China is a long-running historical precedent for the United States. The United States has been

involved in trade with China starting with Nixon in the early 1970s. Because of this trade, China is a far cry from the evils of Mao Zedong, who killed 45 million people in four years. China is now a place with many capitalist freedoms that its people did not have before. By introducing more capitalist and liberal business practices, the government’s ability to violate human rights is weakened. Throwing away that progress for trade sanctions makes no sense.

Trade sanctions do nothing to stop human rights violations. Take a trip to Russia or Iran and ask their people how trade sanctions help them enjoy life. The prospect of future trade with China is of crucial importance to the survival of not only American trade, but the slow progress of Chinese liberty. U.S. interference in Hong Kong could destroy that. Gus Waters is a freshman political science and history major from Bellevue, Wash. He can be contacted at 335-2290 or by opinion@dailyevergreen.com.

Viewers should pay attention to problematic themes in media the Legacies of Violence on Bikini Bottom”. While this idea may seem preposterous to some, Barker’s argument has a lot of credence. In this article Barker argues that the entire show of SpongeBob is built upon institutional imperialism as By Bruce Mulmat Evergreen well as racism, mainly due to how columnist the United States used the Bikini Atoll for nuclear testing. These tests massively affected the local population and Barker argues that the show SpongeBob is a part of Americans not pongeBob SquarePants’s acknowledging the impact the U.S. beloved home of Bikini has had on minority populations. Bottom used to be a nuclear This is not a new phenomenon in testing ground. Now one researcher television. believes that this show is a glaring Jillian Lenicka, freshman nutrition example of U.S. culture glossing over exercise physiology major, said that injustices done to people of color. she doesn’t really see overt racism in Holly M. Barker, a principal lecturer film and television, however earlier in anthropology at the University of shows and cartoons definitely have LAUREN PETTIT | DAILY EVERGREEN ILLUSTRATION Washington, recently published an those themes. article in The Contemporary Pacific SpongeBob’s home of Bikini Bottom is set in the Bikini Atoll, a See Media Page 6 spot that the U.S. used for nuclear testing in the 1940s and 50s. titled “Unsettling SpongeBob and

Recent UW paper studies pro-imperialist undertones in SpongeBob; has point

S

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Typed letters to the editor may Rachel Sun, editor-in-chief be mailed or brought to Murrow Jacqui Thomasson, managing editor East room 122 or emailed to opinion@dailyevergreen.com. All letDaisy Zavala, news editor ters 250 words or fewer are conCody Schoeler, assistant news editor sidered for publication. The Daily Evergreen also welcomes guest Alana Lackner, opinion editor commentaries of 550 words or Email opinion@dailyevergreen.com fewer addressing issues of general to share issue ideas with the interest to the WSU community. editorial board.

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Sports Editor K atie Archer Deputy Sports Editor Grace Arnis desports@dailyevergreen.com DAILYEVERGREEN.COM

Sports

The Daily Evergreen @DailyEvergreen TUESDAY, OCT. 22, 2019 | PAGE 5

OLIVER MCKENNA | DAILY EVERGREEN ILLUSTRATION

Pac-12 football power rankings Top two teams remain the same; one school finally gets a conference win, OSU moves out of 12th By Shawn P. O’Connor Evergreen columnist

1. (12) Utah (6-1, 3-1, Last: 1) Utah seized control of the Pac-12 South with a dominating 21-3 win over then No. 17 Arizona State. The Utes held ASU to 136 scrimmage yards and two forced turnovers smothering the Sun Devils for four straight quarters. Utah hosts Cal Saturday night. 2. (11) Oregon (6-1, 4-0, Last: 2) Oregon collected a massive 35-31 come-from-behind win in Seattle. The Ducks trailed by ten points in the third quarter, but Justin Herbert and Co. weren’t done scor-

ing the final 14 points to basically eliminate UW from Pac-12 title contention. The Ducks host WSU in another big Pac-12 North battle. 3. Southern California (4-3, 3-1, Last: 4) The Trojans rolled in the Coliseum downing the Wildcats 41-14. Kedon Slovis was efficient for SC passing for 232 yards and two scores while propelling his offense to a 448-yard night. USC plays Colorado in Boulder on Friday. 4. (24) Arizona State (5-2, 2-2, Last: 3) The Sun Devils were thoroughly dismantled by Utah in a 21-3 loss in Salt Lake City. ASU didn’t reach Utah’s side of the field until the third quarter and it took a turn-

over for the Sun Devils to reach plus territory. 5. Washington (5-3, 2-3, Last: 6) Washington’s once-vaunted defense crumbled, giving up a twoscore lead in the second half to lose 35-31 to Oregon. The Huskies gave up 434 scrimmage yards and four Justin Herbert passing touchdowns. Washington takes a bye this week. 6. Washington State (4-3, 1-3, Last: 9) The growth from last week’s close loss continued this week for the Cougars as they thumped Colorado 41-10. The rain did little to slow the WSU air raid as the offense put up nearly 500 total yards. Graduate wide receiver Brandon Arconado made a triumphant return catching five passes for 109 yards and

a touchdown. The Cougars head to Oregon in their toughest contest yet on Saturday. 7. Oregon State (3-4, 2-2, Last: 12) The Beavers just keep winning collecting a 21-17 victory over California. Oregon State held Cal to 282 yards of total offense while converting 44 percent of their thirddown opportunities. Oregon State could win the North if they win out and Oregon loses once before the Civil War. The Beavers take a bye this week. 8. California (4-3, 1-3, Last: 5) What a terrible loss for Cal. OSU stunned the Golden Bears by 21-17 in Berkeley. After two third-quarter touchdowns, Cal a 17-14 lead but a late B.J. Baylor rush stuck a dagger See Pac-12 Page 8

Two Cougars set course records over weekend Cross country returns home after meets in Spokane, Madison By Shayne Taylor Evergreen reporter

The WSU men’s and women’s cross country teams competed at two invitationals and set two course records on Friday. The Sasquatch Invite was held in Spokane, Washington. The Nuttycombe Wisconsin Invitational was held in Madison, Wisconsin. The WSU women’s program scored 34 points to finish second overall at the Sasquatch Invite. Redshirt senior Natalie Ackerley finished first overall in the meet and set a Downriver Golf Course record with her time of 18:03.9. Junior Jacob Nicholson set a course record too when he finished first overall with a time of 24:46.3. At the Nuttycombe Wisconsin Invite, WSU’s women’s program finished 34th overall, scoring 847 points. Sophomore Zorana Grujic placed 110th overall with a time of 21:21.4 to lead the Cougars. Arkansas women’s team finished in first place with 62 total points. Stanford placed second See Cross Page 8

JACK ELLIS | DAILY EVERGREEN FILE

Redshirt senior Natalie Ackerley runs in the WSU Open on Aug. 30 at the Colfax Golf Course in Colfax, Washington.


PAGE 6 | TUESDAY, OCT. 22, 2019

DAILYEVERGREEN.COM

OPINION

Edward Snowden should be allowed to return to United States Former NSA employee’s information has proved invaluable; deserves credit

By Jacob Hersh Evergreen columnist

You are constantly being watched. It’s a given in this technologically connected day and age, a reality we treat as an inevitable byproduct of living in the information era, but your information is not private. Not even close. We joke about being on “watchlists,” or “our FBI agent,” as if a specific person is assigned to each of us to keep tabs on our emails, messages and search history. But that’s ridiculous. Obviously, the FBI isn’t devoting people 24/7 to watch your online history. That’d be impossible and highly inefficient. Relax, you can breathe a little easier. Instead, they’re delegating the task to a multi-billion dollar, international, highly sophisticated data collection program that monitors the internet and online traffic of every single American citizen. It’s always on, and it’s always listening. Feel better? You shouldn’t. The program is called PRISM, and it’s run by the National Security Agency. We’ve got a similar program, called ECHELON, running in the U.S., Canada, the U.K., New Zealand and Australia, that does essentially the same thing. Many countries have some sort of data collection system in place, supposedly to “preserve national security.” However, the scope of the programs that the U.S. runs every single day is historically unrivaled, making PRISM and ECHELON, without exaggeration, the largest single data collection efforts of all time, processing millions of phone calls, emails and texts per day. The only reason we’re aware of all this is because of one person — CIA employee Edward Snowden, who was one of the NSA’s top analysts in the field of cybersecurity and data mining. In 2013, Snowden fled the country to Hong Kong and leaked a massive amount of information to multiple news sources about the NSA’s data collection programs, many of which he had helped build. Since 2013, Snowden has been in political exile, seeking asylum in Russia.

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Edward Snowden, a former CIA and NSA employee, has been in Russia on political exile since 2013 after leaking information about the NSA’s data collection processes. He did the American public a favor but has been paying for it ever since. It is time for him to come home. He’s considered by the U.S. government to be a traitor to the nation, wanted on multiple counts of treason, all because he made the choice to stand up and do the right thing. Snowden risked his life and his freedom to hold the government accountable for blatant abuse of power. “I believe he did the right thing,” said Charlie Hanacek, president of the WSU Linux User’s Group, and senior computer science major. “I wish there had been more effective channels of accomplishing what he wanted to do ... but overall, I believe it was more beneficial than not.” Snowden’s release of thousands of classified documents helped alert people to what was truly going on behind the scenes at the NSA. The fact that there was tech surveillance existed was known to an extent in computer and legal circles, given the NSA’s long history of wiretapping and surveillance. However, Snowden’s information gave the American people the true scope of what was going on. “I think a lot of the tech surveillance was already kind of an open secret, and it’s good for the public to be aware of,” said Kelly Marshall, a third-year political science student. Awareness of government misdeeds is one thing, but the fact that Snowden has

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“Bugs Bunny cartoons were heavily into [racism],” history professor Ken Faunce said. “They had these ideas of barbaric people around the world that the United States was going to help.” The most famous of these examples is the Looney Toons short “Tokio Jokio” from 1943, which by all interpretations today is incredibly racist. However, racism in media has changed drastically since the 1940s. “As you move into the 90s and early 2000s they try to be more subtle about it,” Faunce said. “They dress a certain way, they have darker skin, they’re the bad guy.” These themes may not be overt to many, yet it is important to understand

had his passport revoked, his citizenship scrapped and been made a fugitive from his own country is simply abominable. The grounds for prosecution the government has brought against him are based on century-old rules that have no application under the circumstances, especially the counts of treason, based on legislation from before World War I. Succinctly put, the government has little legal precedent or justification to call for Snowden’s arrest, and multiple examples and reasons as to why he should be accepted back into the country as a legal citizen with charges dropped. Arguments have been made that Snowden should have gone through the proper legal channels to bring suit against the NSA, rather than dumping thousands of documents, but in his particular case, the information was too highly classified, and his job too secretive for an open-court trial to have been effective or allowed. “I’m absolutely for making sure you exhaust your other channels of whistleblowing before you go as big as possible with it,” Hanacek said, referring to Snowden’s method of releasing information to journalists. Regardless of means or method, Snowden changed the world of large-

that there are themes others can see that we do not. Especially when trying to understand the real place of the Bikini Atoll but seeing it in the lens of SpongeBob. “Did SpongeBob’s creators intend to infuse a children’s show with racist, violent colonial practices?” Barker wrote in her article. “Perhaps not, but by taking place on Bikini Bottom, the cartoon becomes part of a broader, insidious practice of disappearing Indigenous communities and normalizing the nonsensical settling of a community where it does not belong.” The U.S. took the Bikini Atoll away from its native people in the aftermath of World War II and almost immediately began moving these people away from their ancestral homes in order to conduct nuclear testing. This atoll was where the first

scale surveillance, information technology and more importantly, our fundamental understanding of how the government keeps tabs on its citizens. This does not mean, however, that the NSA has reversed its practices, or that it’s the only player we should be worried about in the information collecting game. “Any kind of change needs to happen from a top-down level, in terms of legislation,” Hanacek said, with regards to government data collection. “Also, don’t work at unethical companies ... They can’t write the code if they don’t have the developers.” Snowden’s leaks have helped damage the veil of secrecy that hid a significant amount of NSA projects and surveillance, and for that, everyone who communicates via technology should thank him. He played a key role in unlocking the vast vault of unethical government secrets, and he should be praised for it, not condemned. It’s time to honor a national hero and drop charges against Edward Snowden. It’s time for him to come home. Jacob Hersh is a freshman computer science major from Anchorage, Alaska. He can be contacted at 335-2290 or by opinion@dailyevergreen.com.

hydrogen bomb was tested. “When the first hydrogen bomb was tested, [the U.S.] screwed up,” Faunce said. “They moved the people, but they did not move them far enough.” Not many know about the impact that U.S. nuclear testing had on groups of people around the world. When you think of Bikini Atoll, most don’t think about nuclear testing, but instead focus on the childhood show loved by many that spawns a new meme almost every other week. Obviously Barker’s stance on the show is debatable. “There is a lot to talk about in there, how much is substantiated, I’m not sure,” Faunce said. However, it is important to think about the connotations that may not be seen right on the surface and understand that the cre-

ators of SpongeBob most likely did not intend to be a show that glosses over U.S. nuclear testing and displacement during the Cold War. “It may not be an intentional thing,” Faunce said. “Some of this is institutionalized and some of it is intentional.” You may not like it, but it is important to understand that pop culture and horrible things done by the U.S. often intersect. It is impossible to have something in a vacuum, and we need to understand that while we may not comprehend the impact a show may have on another group of people, seeking out other perspectives matters. Bruce Mulmat is a senior history major from San Diego, Calif. He can be contacted at 335-2290 or by opinion@dailyevergreen.com.


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NEWS/CLASSIFIEDS

TUESDAY, OCT. 22, 2019 | PAGE 7

Kamiak | Continued from Page 1

“[WSU students] have stories about the young students saying ‘I’m going to be an artist one day,’” she said. “They’re almost inspiring kids as they’re painting — I love that.” She said the process of transferring the graphic image from the paper to the wall was fascinating to watch. Gollnick said they wanted some type of artwork in the playground for the children because she believes that art encourages a sense of community for everyone, especially children. “It’s beautiful and I hope that people, especially children

It’s beautiful and I hope that people, especially children can almost jump into the painting and use their imagination to inspire creative play Meg Gollnick

Gollnick said it’s always fun to meet the students that worked on the project and hear their stories about their interactions with the kids as they worked on the project during recess.

from the university and from people they’ve worked with on the project. Hecker said it was exciting to see how happy the project team was once the project was completed. It’s really exciting to know that we can help and that it provided an avenue in the area for them to create a piece of art, he said. Meg Gollnick, Kamiak Parent Teacher Association (PTA) mural chair, said they were able to receive a STEM grant from VITALENT because of the chemistry component of the project, which was the chroma chromatic paint and the color-changing paint.

mural chair

can almost jump into the painting and use their imagination to inspire creative play,” she said. “That’s my number one reason ANDREA GONZALEZ | THE DAILY EVERGREEN is to inspire creative play in Meg Gollnick, Kamiak Parent Teacher Assiciation mural chair, says it was fascinating children.” to have seen the project’s process of transferring the graphic image to the wall.

Hargraves | Continued from Page 1 her parents find out, according to the Motion In-Limine. The victim’s offer was to pay money, instead Hargraves allegedly took her to a secluded spot and engaged in a sexual act with her, according to the Motion In-Limine. Hargraves then allegedly drove the victim to her dorm where he released her. The incident took place March 31, 2018. According to the Declaration of Roger Sandberg in Support of Motion to Suppress DNA Evidence court document, the defense moved to suppress the evidence from court.

The defense argued the DNA found on the victim’s clothes tested negative for acid phosphatase, meaning it tested negative for the presence of semen, according to the document. The Declaration was issued April 22, 2019. According to the Protective Order, materials discovered during the case must stay in the defense attorney’s possession. The materials included electronic and photographic images, as well as information, images, screenshots and text messages from the victim’s phone. The Protective Order was issued Nov. 30, 2018.

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The crime of first-degree custodial sexual misconduct is defined by elements which include that the victim was in the custody of a law enforcement officer, that the perpetrator of the crime was said law enforcement officer and that there was a sexual act, according to the Motion In-Limine. Consent or lack of is not relevant to the definition of the crime and it cannot be used as a defense, according to the Motion In-Limine. The Motion In-Limine was filed Aug. 22, 2019 According to the Waiver of Speedy Trial, Hargraves waived

his right to a speedy trial. In most cases, a trial is held within a time limit of 60 days of the commencement date if the defendant is detained in jail or 90 days if the defendant is not detained. The commencement date for Hargraves’ trial was changed to Dec. 14, 2018, according to the Waiver. The agreement was signed by Hargraves, his defense attorney Roger Sandberg and Tracy. The first day of Hargraves’ jury trial began Sept. 9, 2019. The trial lasted around two weeks. Tracy said Hargraves may or

may not be sued later by the victim and her family. He said that would be a private issue between the two parties. Hargraves will have to pay court fees and any fees associated with his defense attorney, Tracy said. The Whitman County Superior Court Judge Gary Libey will soon issue a formal dismissal order of Hargraves’ criminal case, Tracy said. Hargraves will not have a criminal record. “There will be a record that he was charged with this crime, but that it was not proven and later dismissed,” he said.

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PAGE 8 | TUESDAY, OCT. 22, 2019

DAILYEVERGREEN.COM

SPORTS

Athlete of the Week: Max Borghi

HSING-HAN CHEN | DAILY EVERGREEN FILE

Sophomore running back Max Borghi runs the ball past Colorado defenders on Saturday at Martin Stadium. WSU won 41-10.

WSU sophomore RB key player in team’s first conference win By Sam Grant Evergreen reporter

The Daily Evergreen Athlete of the Week is WSU football’s sophomore running back Max Borghi for his performance against the University of Colorado Buffaloes, helping the team win 41-10. Borghi did not disappoint

as he rushed for 105 yards and a touchdown, averaging over eight yards per carry. He went to the air as well, with a 57-yard and a touchdown in nine receptions. “I love running the ball so when I get the opportunity, it’s always something to take advantage of,” Borghi said in a postgame press conference. In his second year with the Cougars, Borghi has taken over the running back

position for this offense after former WSU running back James Williams left for the NFL draft following last season. Through seven games, Borghi has brought in over 500 yards on the ground, with a chance for a 1,000yard season. His performance against Colorado is his

third time reaching over 100 yards rushing in a game this season. The other two were against New Mexico State and UCLA. Borghi now has nine total touchdowns, with six from rushing and three from the air, something that would be expected from the Air Raid offense. In a postgame press conference, redshirt senior

quarterback Anthony Gordon said he thought Borghi played great and the more Borghi gets the ball the better the offense does. Borghi’s play helped the Cougars advance to a 4-3 record on the year. They will be riding the momentum as they travel to their next opponent the Ducks. The Cougars can be caught next at 7:30 p.m. on Saturday against Oregon at Autzen Stadium in Eugene, Oregon. The game can be viewed on ESPN.

Pac-12 | Continued from Page 5 into the Golden Bears’ hearts. Cal must recover quickly as they head to Utah this weekend. 9. Arizona (4-3, 2-2, Last: 8) Arizona lost a key tiebreaker with a 41-14 loss to the Trojans. Khalil Tate was benched for performance reasons after attempting only ten passes, and the Wildcat offense only collected 385 total yards. Arizona looks to keep their Pac-12 South hopes alive Saturday on the road against Stanford. 10. UCLA (2-5, 2-2, Last: 10) UCLA rolled Stanford Thursday night collecting a 34-16 victory. UCLA’s defense was dominant holding the Cardinal to under 200 scrimmage yards and forcing eight punts. Joshua Kelly led the way for UCLA rushing for 176 yards and a score on 18

carries. UCLA hosts No. 24 Arizona State Saturday. 11. Stanford (3-4, 2-3, Last: 7) The Cardinal continues its fall from grace with a 34-16 home loss to UCLA. Stanford’s defense gave up 263 yards on the ground while rushing for only 55 of their own. Stanford will exit its mini-bye to host Arizona in a must-win game for bowl eligibility. 12. Colorado (1-3, 3-4, Last: 11) Colorado lost a disastrous 41-10 game in Pullman last Saturday. Quarterback Steven Montez was benched again finishing the game with 129 passing yards and two interceptions. Laviska Shenault Jr. racked up 62 yards from scrimmage. Colorado hosts USC in a near must-win situation.

Science, Ethics, and Public Policy Series

Designing animals

The science and ethics of gene-editing

Cross | Continued from Page 5 with 98 points. North Carolina State finished third with 203 points overall. The WSU men’s team finished 30th overall on Friday with a total of 717 points. Sophomore Amir Ado led the way for the men’s team finishing 20th overall with a time of 23:58.2. “His finish was the highest individual finish we have had at this meet, and he looked amazing the entire race,” head coach Wayne Phipps said, according to a press release.

Phipps said he was pleased by the performances from both teams, but they expected to finish higher. Northern Arizona took home first place with 59 total points. Stanford took home another second-place finish with 133 points. Tulsa finished in third place with 175 total points. The Cougars will prepare for the Pac-12 Championships on Nov. 1 at the Ash Creek Preserve in Monmouth, Oregon. The race can be viewed on the Pac-12 Networks.

Wednesday October 23 |4:30 pm Foley Speaker’s Room | 308 Bryan Hall The U.N. estimates the total agricultural output needs to increase by 60% in the next century to meet growing demand. What are the scientific and ethical considerations about genome-editing on agricultural animals? Co-sponsored with the School of Politics, Philosophy, and Public Affairs at WSU

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