INDEX THE DA STAFF PICK Half-priced candy after Valentine’s Day page 2
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THURSDAY FEBRUARY 15, 2018
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A LOOK INSIDE
PHOTO BY RYAN ALEXANDER
Condoms are one way to practice safe sex and prevent sexually transmitted diseases and infections.
Wrapping up for safe sex
Shows to watch while eating marked down Valentine’s candy Check out these seven shows while eating your day-after V-day candy page 5
Students weigh in on their preferred methods of birth control and disease provention BY JULIA HILLMAN ASSISTANT CULTURE EDITOR For some people, Valentine’s Day is one of the best days of the year. It’s a day filled with love, cheap chocolate, colorful flowers and teddy bears that are bigger than professional basketball players. What the time after Valentine’s Day should not be filled with is sexually transmitted diseases (STD/STI) and unwanted pregnancies. There are many ways to avoid the bad sides of “the day of love.” Just like a middle school sexual education teacher would say, the most effective way to avoid unwanted pregnancy and STDs is by exercising abstinence. But what they probably never said was that there are quite a few ways other than abstaining from sex to avoid potential mishaps. The easiest, and probably cheapest, way to keep a bun out of the oven and to keep diseases away is condoms. Condoms are the only kind of birth control that protects people from both STDs and unwanted pregnancies. Condoms are less than $10 a box. A child costs about $12,000 a year to take care of, and let’s not even get into how much medical bills can be to treat STDs. While some students may be oblivious to the superpowers of the condom, many are not. “They’re not hard to use, and they’re so cheap; it’s a no-brainer,”
“Getting my implant from student health was really easy, and the doctor there made me comfortable and confident in my decision.” - Kristen Hudgins, freshman said freshman Kyle Howard. Students can pick up condoms for 25 cents per condom or five for $1 from the Condom Caravan. Exact dates and locations can be found at https://well.wvu. edu/resources/sexual-health/ condom-caravan. While condoms should always be used, female birth control is another strong option when it comes to avoiding unwanted pregnancies. While the pill, the implant and the IUD do not protect against STDs, they still are a good way to protect yourself against pregnancy. Some methods, like the implant and IUDs, have a 99 percent effectiveness rate and can be prescribed by Student Health on campus. Kristen Hudgins, a freshman, went to Student Health to receive her birth control implant. She saw the doctor twice: Once for a consultation and a second time for the procedure. “Getting my implant from student health was really easy, and the doctor there made me com-
fortable and confident in my decision,” Hudgins said. Hudgins said the insertion was “quick, easy and relatively painless.” “I really enjoy the implant,” Hudgins said. “I haven’t had any bad reactions to it.” Hudgins liked how her choice of birth control was “one-anddone,” meaning she doesn’t have to worry about taking it like a pill or having it break like a condom. “The main reason why I chose this method was because of how effective it is. I can’t miss a dose, and I like how I can always tell it’s in the right place because I can feel it in my arm,” Hudgins said. WVU provides its students with excellent, and mostly cheap, opportunities to protect themselves if they are sexually active. So Mountaineers, enjoy being in love and making it, too. Indulge in all the chocolate, watch all the sappy movies or cry over the fact that the only card you got this year was from your grandma. But, mostly importantly, remember: don’t be silly, wrap your willy!
STDs vs. STIs • An STI is a sexually transmitted infection • An infection is often the ﬁrst step of a disease
Mobile phones act as casinos Transactions over the phone are turning video games into mobile casinos page 8
• Infection occurs when either bacteria, viruses or microbes enter the body • All STDs start out as STIs: STIs that progress into diseases are STDs • Many STIs show no symptoms at all, so those aﬀected don’t know they have them. • This is why getting tested is SO IMPORTANT! INFORMATION VIA STDCHECK.COM
Maciej Bender lifts WVU men’s basketball Bender matches a career high in rebounds with just 16 minutes of play page 9
Look for this conversation heart for all Valentine’s related stories inside!
THURSDAY FEBRUARY 15, 2018
Forecast for the week:
This Day in WV History...
Light rain throughout the day. High of 67°F. Low of 47°F.
Feb. 15, 1898: Musician John Homer “Uncle Homer” Walker was born in Mercer County. Among the last in a tradition of black Appalachian banjo players, he played the ﬁvestring banjo in the claw hammer style.
FRIDAY 2/16: Heavy rain throughout the day. High of 63°F. Low of 22°F.
For more information, visit e-wv: the West Virginia Encyclopedia at www.wvencyclopedia.org.
Cloudy with a chance of rain. High of 42°F. Low of 33°F.
Staff The Daily Athenaeum is the independent student newspaper of West Virginia University
Erin Drummond Managing Editor
Chris Jackson Managing Editor
Adrianne Uphold Managing Editor
Emily Martin Copy Editor
John Homer “Uncle Homer” Walker. INFORMATION AND PHOTO COURTESY OF THE WEST VIRGINIA HUMANITIES COUNCIL
Douglas Soule Assistant News Editor
Sunny with a chance of rain later in the day. High of 55°F. Low of 41°F.
The DA Staﬀ Pick: In this issue, the DA staﬀ voted half-priced Valentine’s Day candy as our staﬀ pick. We all look forward to the discounted candy oﬀered on Feb. 15.
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Feb. 13 8:46 P.M. | ARREST Vandalia Hall Drug incident - Citation issued for possession of a controlled substance. CITED: Bryson L. Deschamps, 20, Goshen, New Hampshire. Feb. 13 9:26 P.M. | UNFOUNDED Oakland Hall Drug incident - Report of a smell of a controlled substance. Feb. 13 10:44 P.M. | INACTIVE Clark Hall Assist EMS/Police - Report of a female subject having chest pains. Subject transported to Mon General Hospital by EMS.
Feb. 14 12:30 A.M. | INACTIVE Lyon Tower Fire alarm - Report of a fire alarm. MFD responded, false alarm. Feb. 14 1:05 A.M. | INACTIVE Evansdale Crossing Found property - Report of a found wallet and contents. Owner will be notified. Feb. 14 2:35 A.M. | INACTIVE Health Science Center Alarm condition - Report of a burglar alarm at an ATM. Area checked and secure.
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BREAKING NEWS DANEWSROOMMAIL.WVU.EDU • 3042934141 CORRECTIONS DANEWSROOMMAIL.WVU.EDU The Daily Athenaeum strives for accuracy and fairness in the reporting of news. If a report is wrong or misleading a request for a correction or a clariﬁcation may be made.
THURSDAY FEBRUARY 15, 2018
PHOTO VIA MYLANNA CHICO
Protesters stand outside of the Erickson Alumni Center before the public hearing about the state’s new health insurance plan for teachers.
Public employees urge for affordable health care plan at public hearing BY KAYLA GAGNON STAFF WRITER Nearly 30 people spoke at the Public Employee Insurance Agency (PEIA) public hearing on Tuesday to advocate for an affordable health plan. Held at the Erickson Alumni Center, the intention of the hearing was for state employees to address the PEIA Finance Board with their concerns and personal stories about potential changes in PEIA, the health plan for public state employees. “My husband and I are both covered by PEIA. He’s not a public employee, but I am,” said Caylin Carter, a teacher from
East Fairmont middle school who attended the hearing. “The premium raises alone are going to take so much of our income.” Justice announced that there would be 17-month freeze of PEIA health premium plans until a permanent solution is found. The original plan would have raised premiums by 5 percent and would have calculated premium amounts based on total family income. In the West Virginia legislature, bills to increase teacher pay are being considered. For example, there is currently a bill in the house that would raise teacher pay by 2 percent this year, with
1 percent raises for several years after. Another bill would have increased pay by 1 percent for five years. Carter disagreed with the proposed 1 percent pay raise over the next five years. “We work hard, we’re molding the future as teachers, and I think that deserves more than one percent. I’m not giving one percent, and I think that I deserve more than one percent back,” Carter said. Another argument by teachers was that the pay increase would still be less than the premium price increases. Danielle Walker, a Morgantown resident and candidate for
the House of Delegates, also attended the event. She pointed out the importance of teachers standing up for all employees. “The other employees of the state can’t be out here today. These teachers are putting it on the line,” Walker said. “We depend on the state employees so much. You cannot put all these people in jeopardy and cut their lifelines to nothing.” One of the people who spoke during the public hearing was Dr. Victoria Fergus, a cancer survivor and former WVU art education professor. She spoke about the rising cost to her medicine that prevents her from getting seizures, an aftereffect of the removal of a golf ball sized
“We depend on the state employees so much. You cannot put all these people in jeopardy and cut their lifelines to nothing.” - Danielle Walker, Morgantown resident and candidate for the House of Delegates tumor in her brain. “One of my seizure medications costs $10, and the other costs $50,” Fergus said. “This year, the $50 medication went up to $1,200.” The entire PEIA Finance Board was in attendance at the
public hearing, either over the phone or in person. PEIA director Ted Cheatham said during the public hearing that the best way to make the voices of the attendees heard is to contact their representatives in addition to attending
No oﬃcial disciplinary action taken against student BY DOUGLAS SOULE ASSISTANT NEWS EDITOR A WVU student who used a racial slur in a video posted on social media faces disciplinary actions from his fraternity. So far, the University has not announced any actions against the student. On Monday morning, WVU released a statement that said it was “reviewing potential violations of the Student Code
of Conduct.” On Sunday night, a video began circulating on Twitter of Menos Hiras, a political science student, using a slur toward a black waitress at Whisper Nightclub and Lounge. Hiras, who was a member of the Alpha Kappa chapter of the Theta Chi Fraternity at WVU, had the video taken down from his Snapchat. According to the WVU fraternity, Hiras is “no longer affili-
ated with our fraternity.” “We strive for inclusivity and diversity within our organization,” said the fraternity on Twitter early Monday morning. “We are disgusted with this behavior and we do not want this to reflect us as a fraternity.” In Monday’s press release, WVU said it supports the fraternity’s disciplinary actions against Hiras. According to the release, “The use of such language by
one of our students conflicts directly with our commitment to promoting an inclusive community of both tolerance and celebration of diversity.” Kevin Dennis, the owner of Whisper, said in a Facebook message that Hiras was banned from the nightclub. “We’re saddened that in 2018 this kind of ignorance still exists,” Dennis said. “We will stand by our employees in their time of peril.”
Jon Monroe, the president of WVU’s Alpha Phi Alpha, an African-American, intercollegiate Greek-lettered fraternity, posted on Twitter soon after the video hit Twitter that he was “outraged that this type of hateful and racist behavior has taken place right here on my own campus.” “I couldn’t let something like this be swept under the rug,” Monroe said in an interview. “I would like to see more diversity
trainings throughout all student organizations, and something else I would like to see implemented is a possible multicultural center here on campus.” On Thursday, Feb. 22, Alpha Phi Alpha will be hosting a “Privilege Walk.” “We will discuss and highlight how people benefit or are marginalized by systems in our society,” Monroe said -on Twitter.
4 | NEWS
THURSDAY FEBRUARY 15, 2018
Bill in WV Legislature would allow legal sports gambling BY JOE SEVERINO STAFF WRITER A proposed bill in the West Virginia Legislature would allow betting on college and professional sports in the state’s five casinos, pending federal approval. The U.S. Supreme Court will decide within the next few months if it will overturn a ruling from 1992 that made sports betting illegal in all but four states. Only if the Supreme Court rules in favor of the states would West Virginia be able to sign the bill into law. If it rules against the states, West Virginia would not be able to enact it. Delegate Paul Espinosa (R-Jefferson), who sponsors the House version of the bill, said Tuesday he believes the Supreme Court will overturn the ruling. “The expectation in the industry is that the Supreme Court is going to rule that
other states can offer it,” Espinosa said. Both West Virginia’s House and Senate introduced separate bills that would allow gambling on both collegiate and professional sporting events. The Senate version (SB 415) was passed through the Senate Finance Committee late Tuesday. Senator Ron Stollings (D-Boone), a co-sponsor of the Senate bill, expects the bill to go to the floor for a vote sometime next week. The Senate will vote following the third reading. Espinosa said before the Senate vote that the bills are nearly identical and the House will likely take up the Senate bill to speed up the process. Espinosa expects the bill to pass if it is put up for a vote. “I think it’s got pretty strong support in both chambers,” Espinosa said. “I anticipate we’ll probably get
it out.” The NBA and MLB both released statements condemning the proposed bills, saying that the leagues deserve a 1 percent “integrity fee”, which neither bill includes. The West Virginia Lottery Commission, which played a major part in drafting this legislation, doesn’t plan on paying such fee, according to Espinosa. “It’s my understanding that the West Virginia Lottery Commission does not support that fee,” Espinosa said. The Senate Finance Committee also struck down an amendment to add the integrity fee Tuesday. West Virginia’s five casinos where gambling would be legal are in Nitro, Greenbrier, Wheeling, Charles Town and Chester.
GRPAHIC CREATED BY HANNAH WILLIAMS
A map of the approximate locations of West Virginia’s five casinos.
WVU law professor discusses how to keep students in West Virginia BY DOUGLAS SOULE ASSISTANT NEWS EDITOR Keeping young people in the state is a goal for a Kendra Fershee, a U.S. Representative candidate and a WVU law professor. “I want to make sure that students and people who have grown up in West Virginia know that they can stay here,” Fershee said. “Too many are leaving West Virginia and don’t feel free to stay in West Virginia because we’ve seen so many challenges and so many misappropriated priorities.” Despite the fact that Fershee said many of her students love West Virginia, she is concerned about how many leave the state. Ensuring that West Virginia residents have access to medical care and that pub-
lic school have adequate resources are some of the ways to keep people within state lines, according to Fershee. Another way to address the young people leavng is to diversify “our economic portfolio”, said Fershee, such as by helping the medical marijuana industry. Fershee said that the federal government needs to remove Marijuana as a Schedule I drug, or one labeled by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency as “no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse,” according to the DEA website. If in office, Fershee said she would “champion federal legislation” to allow states to decide whether to legalize recreational and medical marijuana. The 1st District U.S. Representative seat has been held by David McKinley, a Republican, since 2011.
“I want to make sure that students and people who have grown up in West Virginia know that they can stay here.” -Kendra Fershee, a WVU law professor According to Ballotpedia, a political information website, 68.5 percent of West Virginians who voted in the 2016 presidential election picked Donald Trump. While the state’s current trend is voting red, Fershee said West Virginians vote “on the basis of the individual, not so much party.” “Even though a Republican has held this seat for a long time, I think that if we change the electorate, we will change the outcome of this election,” Fershee said.
Fershee will participate in a town hall about the state’s opioid crisis on Saturday alongside Ralph Baxter, an other Democratic candidate for the 1st District seat. According to Mountaineers for Progress, the organization hosting the event, McKinley was also invited but has not yet confirmed his attendance. To read more about Fershee and to watch the Daily Athenaeum’s interview with her, visit http://www.thedaonline.com/.
PHOTO VIA LAW.WVU.EDU
Kendra Fershee, U.S. Representative candidate and WVU law professor
THURSDAY FEBRUARY 15, 2018
Seven shows to binge while eating half-priced chocolate BY JORDYN JOHNSON CULTURE EDITOR Valentine’s Day is now over, and that means one thing: discounted chocolate. So while you stuff your face and cry over the cute couples taking over your Instagram feed, here are some shows to binge to take your mind off of the loneliness.
PHOTO BY WEBBANDI VIA PIXBAY
A box of festive Valentine’s Day candy.
Chocolate is the new conversation hearts at WVU
1.Chewing Gum Tracey Gordon is just your average 24-year-old… except that she’s not. Beyoncé-obsessed and extremely religious, Gordon is on a mission to learn more about the world. But it seems like the more she learns, the less she understands.
BY JORDYN JOHNSON CULTURE EDITOR
2. Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt After being kept in a bunker by an insane preacher/cult leader for 15 years, Kimmy Schmidt returns to the world and reclaims her life by moving to New York City. When she becomes the roommate of gay, wannabe Broadway star Titus Andromedon, the pair realize that they’re a great fit for helping each other survive the world. Andromedon reintroduces Schmidt to modern life, and Schmidt helps Andromedon chase his dreams of making it big on Broadway. Together they’ll make it through whatever life throws at them.
Valentine’s Day can be a joyous day filled with hearts, flowers and love. Oh, and candy. We can’t forget about the candy. According to a study conducted by candystore.com using more than ten years worth of sales data, West Virginia’s favorite Valentines Day candy is conversation hearts. Coming in at second place was “cupid corn” and in third candy necklaces. However, most Mountaineers’ favorite Valentine’s treat was actually not the cute little hearts with sayings like “Love you” and “Kiss me” that candystore.com predicted.
3. The Good Place When Eleanor Shellstrop dies, she goes to the afterlife. She’s shocked and relieved to find out that she made it into the Good Place. But that relief ends when she realizes she landed there by mistake. While hiding from the Good Place’s architect Michael and his assistant Janet, Shellstrop meets neighbors Tahani and Jianyu and open-hearted soul mate Chidi, and they help her figure out that it’s never too late to start being good again. 4. Disjointed Ruth Whitefeather Feldman, longtime advocate for the legalization of marijuana, gets a chance to live her dream when she becomes the owner of a Los Angeles cannabis dispensary. Helping her run “Ruth’s Alternative Caring” are her charismatic “budtenders”: her entrepreneurial 20-something son and a troubled security guard. As one might expect, the trio is pretty much constantly high while working. 5. Documentary Now! Former “Saturday Night
GRAPHICS BY JORDYN JOHNSON
Live” stars Fred Armisen, Bill Hader and Seth Meyers serve as creators, executive producers and writers of this hilarious series. By using their love of documentary films and combined with comedy, they present a unique show sure to please. Hosted by Dame Helen Mirren and starring Armisen and Hader, each episode is shot in a different documentary film style, paying tribute to some of the most important stories that
didn’t actually happen. 6. Grace and Frankie After being enemies for about as long as they can remember, Grace and Frankie are not exactly the best of friends. Their constant rivalry comes to a quick end, however, when they find out that their husbands are in love with each other and want to get married. With everything around them changing, they realize they can only count on each other.
7. Dear White People Based off the film of the same title, the series follows a group of students of color at an Ivy League college that is mostly white. The group faces cultural biases, social injustices, misguided activism and slippery politics. Through irony, self-deprecation, blunt honesty and humor, “Dear White People” highlights the problems that people of color still face in today’s society.
Chocolate: “I love milk chocolate,” said Julia Owens, 23, of Hurricane, W.Va. “So definitely just like anything chocolate.” Owens was very surprised that the conversation hearts were the state’s favorite. “I have a big sweet-tooth, but I’m a sucker for the really nice like Lindt chocolates, the special chocolates that I don’t buy myself all the time,” Owens said. “So Valentine’s Day is definitely a fun day to splurge just a little.” Jillian Eberlein, 18, from Staten Island, N.Y., is also a big fan of chocolate for Valentine’s Day. “Definitely the big chocolate hearts,” Eberlein said. Eberlein added that she thought it was pretty weird that West Virginia loves con-
versation hearts so much. Chocolate-Covered Strawberries: “Chocolate-covered strawberries; they’re just the best!” said Tamar Williamson, 19, from Burke, S.C. The sweet treat ranked supreme in the Daily Athenaeum’s Twitter poll, winning 59 percent of the vote ahead of chocolate itself and conversation hearts. Jake Hanz, 19, and a Pittsburgh native, said his favorite Valentine’s Day sweet was also chocolate-covered strawberries. He feels that conversation hearts “taste like chalk,” so he opts for the berries instead. Non-Chocolate Candy: While anything chocolate ranked supreme on campus, some students still favored other things. Jestina Santos, 20, from Long Island, N.Y., said that her favorite Valentine’s Day candy was Starburst. “I don’t like chocolate,” Santos said. “I just never have liked it.” For Valentine’s Day, Santos said she would rather receive Starburst, Jolly Ranchers and other candy like that. One student met the stereotype for liking conversation hearts. Mason Arbogast, a 20-year-old from Weston, W.Va., said that the little, heart-shaped messages were his favorite. Now that Valentine’s Day is over, WVU students can get their favorite candy half-off nearly everywhere. Campus is about to be filled with sugar-high Mountaineers.
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THURSDAY FEBRUARY 15, 2018
Valentine’s Day: The history behind the holiday BY REBECCA TORO STAFF WRITER You either love it or you hate it. Feb. 14 marks Valentine’s Day and is commonly associated with chocolate candy and large teddy bears. But this special day has a dark past. It all started with the Romans celebrating the festival of Lupercalia. Legend has it that Roman priests would gather in a sacred cave and sacrifice a goat for fertility and a dog for purification. They would then cut the goat hide into strips, dip them into the sacrificial blood and slap women with the goat hide. Women became more welcoming to the idea as they believed it would make them more fertile. The young women who got slapped would then place their name in an urn. Bachelors would choose their name out of the urn to set them up to match for the remainder of the festival. This pairing could lead to the possibility of marriage or it could end after the festival. Basically, this story is a twisted version of dating. During the rise of Christianity, Lupercalia survived but was eventually outlawed because it was seen as “un-Christian.” During the fifth century, Pope Gelasius created Feb. 14, St. Valentine’s Day, by combining Lupercalia with Valentine’s day. It wasn’t until later that Valentine’s Day became associated with the idea of love. And over centuries, sending cards to a loved on this particular day devel-
PHOTO VIA FLICKR
A coﬀee mug decorated for Valentine’s Day is ﬁlled to the brim with red and silver Hershey kisses.
PHOTO VIA FLICKR
Chocolates arranged in a heart are surrounded by rose petals for Valentine’s day. oped, as well as other rituals, such as giving out candy, wearing red and the symbol for love, a heart. What does it mean for the rest of us? “Valentine’s Day means to show love to the people I care
Opinion Staff Kameron Duncan, Payton Otterman, John Zaleski and Rebecca Toro Opinion expressed in columns and letters are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the DA or organizations with which the author(s) are associated.
Feedback policy The DA encourages discussion but does not guarantee its publication. We reserve the right to edit or reject any letter or online feedback. Send your letters to DA-Editor@mail.wvu.edu. Letters must include the name(s), phone number(s), Majors and/or group affiliation(s) and year in school of the author(s). Phone numbers and addresses will not be published. The Daily Athenaeum 284 Prospect Street, Morgantown, WV 26506 304-293-4141
about most in my life. It also makes me feel like a bum when I don’t have a boyfriend to celebrate it with,” said Jaclyn Conrad, a senior Psychology student from Baltimore, Md. “It would be nice to celebrate with someone; I
mean it’s kind of weird celebrating Valentine’s Day with my mom.” Valentine’s Day is not a day to slap some women with goat in order to get a date. This day is about appreciating your loved ones and not
being afraid to show some extra appreciation for your other half. It’s about accepting different types of love such as same-sex relationships, transgender relationships, interracial relationships, and heteronormative relationships. “Valentine’s Day to me is about celebrating and sharing the life and love of those who are special to you and important in your life,” said Lydia Walters, a graduate student studying child development from Parkers-
burg, W.Va. “It doesn’t have to be someone who you are romantically involved with, but it is just a day to show your love to those significant people in your life, no matter who they are.” We live in a world often full of hate. We live in a world where not everyone is accepting of different types of love. We live in a world where going against the norm can get you killed. However, Valentine’s day is all about spreading the love to those who are important
New Amazon service providing faster delivery and cheaper prices BY JOHN ZALESKI CORRESPONDENT Amazon launched a new delivery service in select locations last week, and those able to use it will be excited to know it is seeing good results. Amazon Prime Now, the new service, is operating out of Whole Foods in select cities where it offers rapid delivery in 1-2 hours, at cheaper prices than its competitors. Istacart, Amazon’s main competitor, charges $5.99 for 2-hour delivery, while Amazon charges $4.99, according to Business Insider. Quick delivery services are not an invention of Amazon. Providers have been searching for ways to make shop-
ping more convenient for some time. Walmart Pickup allows customers to order online and have groceries taken to their car. Uber Eats allows city dwellers to order takeout food from any restaurant, not just pizza — a service similar to OrderUp, which operates in Morgantown. But this move was natural for Amazon, which specializes as an intermediary between producers and consumers. It was already possible to buy some groceries online through Amazon Prime, although it used tradition delivery like FedEx and UPS and couldn’t deliver perishables. Amazon also has the scale to be able to offer such a service to a large group of people, where smaller existing
companies might find it hard to make a profit from just the regions they can afford to service. It can be expensive to get a system like this running in the first place, let alone getting people to use it. In today’s economy, large companies are eager to branch into new innovations and diversify their revenues. Jeff Bezos, Amazon’s CEO, has been involved in everything from space exploration to health care, where he recently announced a partnership with Berkshire Hathaway and JP Morgan. However, large companies will find it difficult to control markets they aren’t naturally adept to. Despite the success of Amazon, Bezos’ space company: Blue Horizon, has been left behind (literally) by Elon
Musk’s SpaceX. Musk, similar to Bezos, got his start in the tech industry and is involved in various different projects, such as Tesla and the Boring Company. But Musk’s specialty in futuristic technology, and a genuine passion for space exploration, has been the underlying factor for why he’s outpaced competitors — especially the oldest producers, like Boeing. Ultimately, access to the vast resources of a corporation like Amazon will be essential to establishing any affordable delivery system on a large scale — but it will also require expertise and innovation to satisfy consumers. Amazon isn’t the only company with a lot of money to invest.
THURSDAY FEBRUARY 15, 2018
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Across 1 D’a de San Valent’n flowers 6 California’s __ Gabriel Mountains 9 Construction rod 14 Remove from the bulletin board 15 Blood type letters 16 Like 36 piano keys, traditionally 17 Lewis with 12 Emmys 18 “That ‘70s Show” exchange student whose nationality isn’t revealed 19 Lessen 20 *Beer hall snacks 23 Surf and turf, say 24 NASA vehicle 25 Tempe sch. 28 Time for action 29 *Deli snacks 33 Actress Neuwirth with Tonys and Emmys 34 Slim craft 35 *Bakery snacks 41 “Tempt not a desperate man” speaker 42 Pretty good 43 *Diner snacks 46 California wine valley 50 Favorite 51 One of three rhyming mos. 52 Pavement cloppers 54 Component of balanced health
... and what each answer to a starred clue looks like it should be part of? 57 Lose one’s cool in a big way 60 Murmur 61 Lift with force 62 Car or tree feature 63 Tote 64 Film with lots of shooting stars? 65 Ships 66 Stat for Clayton Kershaw 67 Flexible Flyers, e.g.
Down 1 Blitzed, in football 2 In stock 3 Peloponnesian War victor 4 Put on the line? 5 Wading bird 6 No-risk 7 Help with an inside job, say 8 Gas pump part 9 Genuine article 10 Flows out 11 Feathery wrap 12 House pest 13 Bread with caraway seeds 21 Insurgent 22 Charged fish? 25 Indigenous Japanese 26 Notice
27 Multi-tools have many 30 Old hoops org. 31 Board 32 Solo with a Wookiee co-pilot 33 Nowheresville, with “the” 35 Cut closely 36 Sharpen 37 Skip over 38 Board bigwig 39 Heart test letters 40 Broth that’s the base of miso soup 44 Cath. or Prot. 45 Christmas eave decor 46 “The agreement is off ” 47 Take wing 48 Rather put out 49 Starlike flowers 53 Figure-eight steps, in an Argentine tango 54 Posterior 55 Acidic 56 Draped garment 57 FG’s three 58 Exist 59 Many a “Call the Midwife” character
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Complete the grid so each row, column and 3-by-3 box (in bold borders) contains every digit, 1 to 9. For strategies on how to solve Sudoku, visit www.sudoku.org.uk © 2016 The Mepham Group. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency. All rights reserved.
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THURSDAY FEBRUARY 15, 2018
BY JEFFREY SCOTT GAMER COLUMNIST
Microtransactions turn mobile video games into mobile casinos Buying a video game off the shelf has cost roughly $60 since the 1990s, which shows remarkable stability in three decades of a fluctuating economy. Given inflation — the gradual decrease in the value of money — games today, on paper, are actually cheaper than they’ve ever been before. The keywords there are ‘on paper’. For the past decade or so, gaming companies have come up with increasingly convoluted ways to nickel and dime their customers. These range from generally accepted practices, like additional downloadable content, to ones that are outright loathed, like microtransactions. Microtransactions are exactly what they sound like: small financial transactions, primarily used in online gaming, often to get a competitive edge or to speed up lengthy processes. “Candy Crush”, a popular puzzle game on mobile phones, uses microtransactions to allow players to continue playing the game after a loss. While technically free to play, it’s not long before gamers will either have to wait hours for their energy to recharge or pay up to start playing again immediately. Seeing as how “Candy Crush” developer KING posted revenues of an eye popping $2 billion dollars in 2017, people decided to pay. About 10 percent to be exact. Like a lot of industries, it’s the top spenders that make up the majority of profits in in microtransactions. A WIRED. com report found that in the popular, free to play (but microtransaction riddled) mobile war game “Clash of Clans”, 10 percent of paying players made up more than half of premium contentbased revenue. Given these publishers can make billions of dollars off these games, that means these 10 percent of players are spending thousands of dollars on digital goods. Microtransaction-based companies call these customers whales, a phrase they borrowed from the Casino Industry. In some cases, these games have more in common with casinos than just terminology. When microtransactions
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“Candy Crush” is a popular puzzle game for mobile phones. are based around chance, they can quickly turn into pocket-sized slot machines. “Final Fantasy All The Bravest”, a mobile iteration of the popular “Final Fantasy” series, has a system of progression that is gambling in everything but name. Players pay a dollar a pop to unlock one of 35 characters, doled out randomly. If there’s one you especially want, or need to progress in the game, you could be looking at spending $35. The research behind casino’s carrot-on-a-stick models of hooking customers has long been proven, and gambling has been regulated more harshly and more thoroughly than any industry in America. But these addictive, pricey mobile apps (often marketed to children) have been left largely untouched. You don’t even have to slap a coat of candy-colored paint on the subject if you don’t want too. There a numerous apps, with such creative names as “Slot Machines” and “Real Blackjack” where you can use real currency to purchase fake currency to pretend to gamble with. At least at a real casino you have a chance of earning money. Here you’re risking your rent checks to try to top someone’s high score. Microtransactions have been problematic in mobile gaming almost as long as mobile gaming has been around, but it’s only recently the problems transitioned to Triple A, $60 dollar titles. You know, the kind you play on your TV. Customers who purchased “Star Wars: Battlefront 2” probably expected the chance to play as Darth Vader. Seems fair; the Sith Lord is far and away Star War’s most popular
character, was featured prominently in the advertising and was playable in 2015’s “Star Wars: Battlefront.” Instead, they found Vader locked behind a paywall, purchasable for 60K credits, the virtual currency for “Star Wars Battlefront 2”. Conveniently, cash-based purchasable loot boxes can contain credits, although there’s no way of knowing the outcome of buying one until it’s already opened. You can also play the game to earn credits, but if Kotaku. com’s math checks out (my more numbers-savvy engineering friend said it did) it’d take a minimum of 39 hours of play to earn enough credits to play as Darth Vader. If you want to unlock everything behind the “Battlefront 2” paywall, you could be looking at a Death Star exploding 4,528 hours of play, or nearly 6 straight months. “Star Wars: Battlefront 2” was released in November 2017. If some melatonin-deprived soul had been playing “Battlefront” 24 hours a day since it’s release, not stopping for food, sleep or bathroom breaks, he wouldn’t even come close to unlocking everything. Rather it be on your television or your phone, one thing is very clear; video games and microtransactions mixing never benefit the consumer. Whether it’s spending $600 dollars to constantly play “Candy Crush” or 60 hours to pretend to be Luke Skywalker in a video game, these little payments are putting a stranglehold on the industry.
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THURSDAY FEBRUARY 15, 2018
Bender’s jolt provides big lift for WVU
2018 WVU Baseball Schedule
BY CHRIS JACKSON
at Western Kentucky
at Western Kentucky
at Western Kentucky
at Middle Tennessee State
at Middle Tennessee State
at Middle Tennessee State
at Tennessee Tech
at Tennessee Tech
at Texas Tech
at Texas Tech
at Texas Tech
at Penn State
at Texas Tech
MANAGING EDITOR West Virginia head coach Bob Huggins was waiting for this performance. Sophomore forward Maciej Bender has shown subtle glimpses of his potential his entire career. But he was rarely able to piece that in long stretches, and his playing time suffered as a result of it. The 6-foot-10, 250-pound Poland native came into Monday night’s 82-66 victory over TCU averaging just 10.2 minutes this season, which follows a freshman campaign when he played 6.4 minutes per contest. He would sometimes be the No. 3 big man off the bench, trailing behind star sophomore and swatting machine Sagaba Konate and redshirt sophomore Logan Routt. Bender showed Huggins just why he brought him to Morgantown. He played 16 minutes, the second-most of any big man, finishing with two points on one shot (a dunk) while matching a career-high in rebounds with six and ending the evening at plus-17 in the plus/minus. “It was great,” Huggins said. “That’s what we thought he could do when we recruited him. I thought he stepped out and made shots, too. He hadn’t been able to do that yet, but I think he can.” In the previous three games Bender appeared in leading up to Monday (he did not play on Feb. 5 at Oklahoma), his playing time consisted of four, three and five minutes, respectively, combining for four rebounds and one points. Those rebounding and scoring totals all came in the same game during Saturday’s loss to Oklahoma State. Bender said he was being more aggressive, exuding effort on the court to help his team come out with a victory. “I was just playing hard, just trying to do the best and everything worked out,” Bender said. Alongside his six rebounds, he added a career-high three steals. There were times as a freshman when he showed promise at the head of “Press Virginia,” especially in a stretch in February against Texas, TCU and Baylor, when he posted a combined six rebounds and five blocks during that span. It was the first time in his college career that he recorded more than one steal in a game. It helped pave the way for an impressive WVU defensive effort that shutdown a typically prolific TCU offense.
PHOTO BY COLIN TRACY
Maciej Bender defends Alex Robinson of TCU as he drives to the basket during a prime time game, a part of ESPN’s Big Monday. The 20th ranked Mountaineers would go on to defeat the unranked Horned Frogs 82-66.
GRAPHIC BY CHRIS JACKSON
TCU entered the game as the No. 2 offense in the Big 12 (85.0 points per game) and the No. 1 passing team in the conference (19.8 assists per game), but was held well below those totals at 66 points and 13 assists, including 13 turnovers. “He played his butt off,” said WVU senior guard Daxter Miles Jr. “He came to play today. He needs to play like that every night.” Some of the extra playing time Bender received was in part to a sluggish first half for Konate. Konate, who averaged 13.9 points, 8.9 re-
bounds and 3.5 blocks the past eight games, was subbed out with 17:21 remaining in the first half and did not return until the beginning of the second half. Konate still finished with eight points, four blocks and five rebounds, but his 18 minutes marked his shortest playing time since the 18 minutes at Kansas State on Jan. 1 and the 15 versus Coppin State on Dec. 20. “Sags sat over there because he didn’t believe me,” Huggins said. “I said, ‘We’re going to play hard,’ and he didn’t believe me. He believed me in
the second half. I’m just, you know, I really do believe that we need to be like the people in this state are — hard working. Don’t take plays off. You face a lot of obstacles here. You have to work harder.” WVU wants to see these types of displays more from Bender. When he is flying around, so are the Mountaineers. “Maciej flying around, grabbing rebounds, dunking on people, that’s big for us,” said WVU freshman forward Teddy Allen. “When Maciej is doing that for us, we’re a good team. We’re a great team.”
10 | SPORTS
THURSDAY FEBRUARY 15, 2018
WVU ready for opening road stretch BASEBALL BY PATRICK KOTNIK SPORTS EDITOR The expectations are higher than ever for the West Virginia baseball team this season. After a 21-year drought, the Mountaineers received a bid to the NCAA tournament last season for the first time since 1996, but eventually fell in the Regional Final to Wake Forest, in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. West Virginia lost three key hitters from last season in first baseman Jackson Cramer, left fielder Kyle Davis and second baseman Cole Austin. Cramer was drafted in the 35th round in the MLB Draft by the Washington Nationals, and Davis was selected in the fifth round by the Houston Astros. Austin decided to transfer to Arizona State in the offseason. With a veteran group returning, the Mountaineers are eying a stronger finish to
this upcoming season. “We haven’t really accomplished anything before last year,” said junior infielder Jimmy Galuski. “We keep going up, keep climbing the ladder. I think maybe this year if we keep climbing the ladder, we’ll end up maybe with a Super Regional and see what happens from there.” West Virginia’s season begins this weekend with a three-game series against Jacksonville on the road. However, the team will not have the opportunity to play in front of its home crowd until March 16 and will have to get comfortable with playing on the road for the time being. The Mountaineers will play their first 15 games on the road to open their season. There are two reasons for why West Virginia is starting its season out with this road stretch, including rating percentage index (RPI) and weather conditions according to head coach
Randy Mazey. According to Mazey, a team will earn more RPI points when it wins on the road. This opening season road stretch is a similar approach that Mazey and the Mountaineers have taken in earning more RPI points. West Virginia played its first 19 games on the road last season and finished No. 20 in the country in RPI. “You gotta play your first 20 on the road,” Mazey said. “You get more points for winning games on the road on top of the fact that it toughens your team up. As long as you can avoid the fatigue that comes along with it, and I think we did that last year, then that really benefits us.” When it comes to weather conditions, the inconsistent and usually cold and rainy weather Morgantown endures during the early part of college baseball season is enough for West Virginia to not even consider playing at the Monongalia County Ballpark to start the season off. “To try and play at home
“To try and play at home here at the end of February or first week of March, you’re just asking for trouble.” - Randy Mazey, WVU baseball head coach here at the end of February or first week of March, you’re just asking for trouble,” Mazey said. “There’s no advantage in playing here that time of the year.” Weather conditions are something West Virginia has to overcome before the season can begin. The Mountaineers are at disadvantage compared to teams in the south since the weather in Morgantown during January, February and early March isn’t ideal for playing baseball, but they do take advantage of the few days they can practice outside prior to the season. “It’s important to practice with the sky in the background instead of a roof in the background,” Mazey said.
“Any opportunity we’ve gotten to come outside, we’ve done it and one day outside is the same as four days inside as far as I’m concerned.” Not only is adapting to playing on the road imperative for West Virginia, but winning these early season games whether they’re home or away is also a must in terms of earning those RPI points. Two years ago, the Mountaineers dropped two games to Canisius at home, costing them RPI points and a bid later that season to the NCAA tournament. “Those two games we lost to Canisius probably cost us 20 RPI points and that was the difference probably,” Mazey said.
Playing on this opening road stretch will also be a test and may serve beneficial to the team’s freshmen who will experience the long travel for the first time with the team along with balancing their duties as a college student. “That’s tough, especially for freshmen coming in. They don’t really know what to expect,” Galusky said. “You got some guys that you really need something to come out of early in the year.” West Virginia’s opening road stretch will also be a test for the entire team, who may benefit from the early travel when conference play arrives. The Mountaineers will also be forced to win on the road if they hope to win a Big 12 championship and advance further in the NCAA tournament. “You have to win on the road,” Mazey said. “We get a lot more practice at it than most people do.”
THURSDAY FEBRUARY 15, 2018
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12 | AD
THURSDAY FEBRUARY 15, 2018