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TR pushes motorcycle safety in May


CCCs help Sailors with career decisions

May 2, 2014 • DAILY

TR Pushes Bike Safety


Story by MCSN William Spears

otorcycles are a popular choice of transportation because they are fun, economical and look cool to some. Motorcycle safety, however, is often overlooked and is one of the most important aspects of riding. May is motorcycle safety month and the Safety Department aboard the aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) is taking the opportunity to stress the importance of motorcycle safety. “During Command Indoctrination all Sailors, riders or not, are required to sign a Page 13 about motorcycle safety,” said Boatswain’s Mate 1st Class Ron Walters, Safety Department’s leading petty officer. “I am trying to put together a meeting with all the riders aboard TR to discuss what can be done to further promote [motorcycle] rider safety. I am looking to re-establish the TR Motorcycle Club and have ‘safety rides’ with any interested [motorcycle] riders,” said Walters. Safety rides are command-sponsored rides that stress the importance of safe riding, said Walters. Checking safety gear, oil levels, tire tread and wearing proper protective equipment can reduce or eliminate deaths and injuries caused by motorcycle accidents. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, in 2008, 1,829 motorcyclists nationwide were saved by wearing a helmet. The Navy requires all motorcycle riders to complete a four-day Basic Riding Course (BRC) that teaches basic riding skills and maneuvers. Riders receive a motorcycle license upon completion of the course. “These classes are great for new riders,” said Walters. “It teaches them basic riding techniques and safety precautions.” Riders must complete either the Sport Bike Rider Course or the Experienced Rider Course sixty days after completion of BRC. Riders must retake the course every three years in order to maintain their license.

TR Sailors participate in a command sponsored motorcycle cruise.

According to the Naval Safety Center, from October 2012 to October 2013, there were 17 motorcycle related Sailor fatalities, and from October 2013 to present there have been 13 motorcycle related Sailor fatalities. Walters said that in the last 15 years there has been only one year where the number of fatalities has gone down. By promoting rider awareness and safety rides, he hopes those numbers will come down. “The classes are good to take even for a person who has been riding for a long time,” said Walters. “It refreshes all the little things that people tend to forget like basic road safety and awareness of other drivers.” If you have any questions concerning motorcycle safety contact BM1 Walters in the Safety Department office 6348.

Counselors Help Sailors Navigate


Story by MCSN William Spears

ommand Career Counselors (CCCs) aboard the aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) help Sailors navigate through a career that is often confusing. “Overall, we are responsible for helping sailors manage their careers,” said Chief Navy Counselor Nickole Palmore-Seay. “We handle special program screenings, recruiting packages, retirements and re-enlistments. There are just so many different aspects to our job when it comes to the administrative portion of it, but it all begins at the department or division level.” Aboard TR, three CCCs supervise and train all the departmental and divisional career counselors. “Obviously, on a platform as large as this, three people cannot manage 2,800 Sailors,” said Palmore-Seay. “That is why it is imperative for us to have really good departmental and divisional career counselors who can act as a first line of defense, so to speak, when it comes to career issues.” Becoming a departmental or divisional career counselor is on a volunteer basis. A prospective candidate is interviewed by the CCCs and, if chosen, trained to be a departmental career counselor. “Being a departmental career counselor is a very challenging but also rewarding job,” said Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Eric Cutright, Media’s Departmental Career Counselor. “I enjoy being able to help my shipmates with career decisions.” Each department aboard TR has its own Career Counselor who helps Sailors navigate their career path. They track the career development of up to 30 Sailors, schedule career development boards and train Sailors on new programs such as Career Waypoint (C-Way). “Our job entails a lot. It’s a lot of paperwork, a lot of manual math, not using computers,” said Palmore-Seay. “We actually have to break

down formulas by hand. Underway we’re at it from reveille to taps pretty much.” The extra hours didn’t go unnoticed. TR was the only carrier on the East Coast to win the Retention Excellence Award. The award is given to commands that meet or exceed required goals for programs such as education services, mentorship and sponsor programs. Career Counselors at all levels work hard for Sailors aboard TR. With their help, navigating a career in the Navy is not nearly as daunting as it may seem.

Chief Navy Counselor Nickole Palmore-Seay works on re-enlistment paperwork for Sailors aboard the ship.

midnight in New York F R O M T H E PA G E S O F

FRIDAY, MAY 2, 2014

U.S. Sanctions Said to Impose Limited Pain WASHINGTON — As it tries to punish Moscow for its intervention in Ukraine, the White House asserts that the sanctions it has imposed have had a “significant impact” on Russia’s economy but their real effect, so far, according to economic specialists, appears to be more psychological than tangible. White House officials have pointed to the fall of the ruble and Moscow stock markets as evidence of their success. Yet the ruble and Russian markets fell before President Obama began imposing sanctions. Today, both the ruble and the markets are slightly stronger than they were before the sanctions were announced. Russia’s economic downturn predated any action by the United States or Europe and, to some extent, predated the Ukraine crisis, which took a new turn on Thursday with demands from Russian President Vladimir V. Putin that Ukraine withdraw its troops from the southeast. [Page 2]. Specialists said the volatility surrounding Ukraine has aggravated Russia’s economic problems by sapping international confidence, punishing its credit standing and increasing investor wariness. This week, the International Monetary Fund lowered its growth projection for Russia for the year to 0.2 percent and declared that the country is in recession. But the fund’s top Moscow official attributed the slowdown as much to the fear of more sweeping sanctions as to the impact of the limited measures taken to date. That uncertainty may represent the real impact of sanctions. Russia recently had its credit rating downgraded to just above junk status, and investors are demanding higher interest rates to hold Russian bonds. “One of the purposes of sanctions is to create uncertainty and to create the expectation in the marketplace that worse could be coming,” said David S. Cohen, the Treasury Department undersecretary who oversees sanctions. “That uncertainty has led the market to punish the Russian economy.” PETER BAKER and ANDREW KRAMER

© 2014 The New York Times


Calls for Limits on Use of Customer Data WASHINGTON — The White House, hoping to move the national debate on privacy beyond the National Security Agency’s surveillance activities to the practices of companies like Google and Facebook, released a report on Thursday that recommends developing government limits on how private companies make use of the information they gather from their customers. The report, whose chief author is John D. Podesta, a senior White House adviser, is the next step in the administration’s response to the disclosures by Edward J. Snowden, the former N.S.A. contractor. Because the effort goes so far beyond information collected by intelligence agencies, the report was viewed warily in Silicon Valley, where companies see it as the start of an effort to regulate how they can profit from the data they collect from email and Web surfing habits. Podesta said President Obama was surprised during his review of the N.S.A.’s activities that “the same technologies are not only used by the intelligence com-

munity, but far more broadly in the public and private spheres because there is so much collection” from the web, smartphones and other sensors. “You are shedding data everywhere,” Podesta said. The report makes six policy recommendations. They include passing a national data breach law that would require companies to report major losses of personal and credit card data. It seeks legislation that would define consumer rights regarding how data about their activities was used. It suggests extending privacy protections to individuals who were not citizens of the United States and argues for action to ensure data collected about students was used for only educational purposes. But the most significant findings in the report focus on the recognition that data can be used in subtle ways to create forms of discrimination — and to make judgments about who is likely to show up at work, pay their mortgage on time or require expensive treatment. The report states that the

same technology that is often so useful in predicting places that would be struck by floods or diagnosing hard-to-find illnesses in infants also has “the potential to eclipse longstanding civil rights protections in how personal information is used in housing, credit, employment, health, education, and the marketplace.” The report focuses particularly on “learning algorithms’’ that are frequently used to determine what kind of online ad to display on someone’s computer screen, or to predict their buying habits when searching for a car or in making travel plans. Those same algorithms can create a digital picture of a person, Podesta noted, that can infer race, gender or sexual orientation, even if that is not the intent of the software. “The final computer-generated product or decision — used for everything from predicting behavior to denying opportunity — can mask prejudices while maintaining a patina of scientific objectivity,’’ the report concludes. DAVID E. SANGER and STEVE LOHR

Donors Weigh Jilting Christie for Jeb Bush Jeb Bush’s increasingly serious and public examination of a run for president has shaken up the ranks of Republican donors and fund-raisers who had planned to back Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey in 2016. Some of them are signaling to Christie’s camp that, should Bush enter the race, their first loyalty would be to him, not to Christie, according to interviews with more than two dozen of them. Many of those who were expected to line up behind Christie say they feel torn. And it is clear that Christie’s recent troubles, especially the George Washington Bridge scandal, are adding to the allure of Bush, a former Florida governor. Lawrence E. Bathgate II, a former finance chairman of the Republican National Committee, said he dreaded the prospect of having to choose between the two men.

And Christine Todd Whitman, a former Republican governor of New Jersey, put it this way: “It would be awkward. It would be very awkward.” Nowhere is the consternation greater than among the hundreds of top donors and so-called bundlers who cut their teeth on Bush family campaigns. If Bush runs, they must choose between bucking their ties to the first family of Republican politics or turning their backs on Christie. “Those of us that have been dedicated to the Bush family for years would obviously have to take a Jeb candidacy into extremely serious consideration,” said Fred S. Zeidman, a top fund-raiser for George W. Bush’s two presidential campaigns who has helped introduce Christie to potential supporters in his state. Christie and Bush have not officially declared their intentions for 2016.

The presidential chatter is “irrelevant to us,” said William J. Palatucci, Christie’s top adviser. “You know it’s out there, but it’s just not part of our conversation.” Bush’s public flirtation with a White House bid, however, has interrupted Christie’s carefully honed plan to rebuild the faith of donors shaken by a series of high-profile controversies and resignations within his administration. Until Bush emerged as a potential 2016 contender, these donors said, they had no real alternative but to hope for Christie’s rehabilitation. “They feel good about Jeb,” said Barry Wynn, a fund-raiser for George W. Bush and a former chairman of the Republican Party in South Carolina. “They don’t have any questions about his integrity.” MICHAEL BARBARO and NICHOLAS CONFESSORE

FRIDAY, MAY 2, 2014 2


Putin Demands Ukraine’s Troops Leave Southeast MOSCOW — President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia told Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany on Thursday that Ukraine must remove its military from the southeastern region of the country to resolve the showdown there with pro-Russian militants who have seized several official buildings, the Kremlin said. Russia said the government in Kiev has deployed 11,000 soldiers in the region. The acting Ukrainian president, Oleksandr V. Turchynov, said Wednesday that the security services had lost control of the region to armed separatists who had seized government buildings in about a dozen towns. Christiane Wirtz, a spokeswoman for Merkel, did not address Putin’s comments, but she said Merkel had urged him to intervene in the case of seven military monitors affiliated with the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe who are being held by a separatist mayor in Slovyansk. In a report from the Russian news agency Interfax, the pro-Russian movement in Slovyansk said it had freed two of three captured members of the Ukrainian security services in exchange for the release of a number of its own activists. In a sign of the continuing insecurity in the southeast, the Ukrainian National Information Agency said pro-Russian militants seized a police station and the state prosecutor’s office in Donetsk on Thursday. Russia and the separatists have denied that they are working together, and Putin has said there are no Russian troops in eastern Ukraine. He made similar claims during the annexation of Crimea,. The Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs also sought to pressure Kiev, issuing two statements. The first condemned Ukraine for scheduling a presidential election and a referendum on decentralization for May 25 while military operations continued in the east. The second said Moscow was “extremely concerned” about news reports that the Ukrainian government intended to use its military in a special operation in the southeast. NEIL MacFARQUHAR

Heinous Crime, Secret Histories and Sinn Fein BOSTON — For years, the researchers painstakingly recorded and transcribed oral histories from many of the leaders of the factions caught up in the Troubles in Northern Ireland. They pledged absolute secrecy to their subjects until after their deaths. Carried out under the auspices of Boston College, the project aimed to provide a definitive history of a conflict with edges so sharp that people there still fear to speak openly of what they know. Instead, the documents and tapes have become a trove for prosecutors, igniting disputes over academic freedom and prosecutorial overreach on both sides of the Atlantic this week after the arrest of the prominent republican leader, Gerry Adams. On the basis of those interviews, Adams, the president of Sinn Fein, the former political arm of the Irish Republican Army, was arrested Wednesday for questioning in connection with the abduction of a woman in 1972. The timing of the arrest, raised suspicions among his supporters, coming just as Sinn Fein had been poised to make significant gains in elections in the Republic of Ireland. Adams is being questioned in connection with the abduction and murder in 1972 of Jean McConville, a 37-year-old widow and mother of 10 children who was wrongly believed to be an informant to the British Army. Adams has denied involvement in her killing and did so again on Wednesday. Adams’s defenders have criticized U.S. courts for granting British prosecutors’ requests for the documents.


Jean McConville, left, with three of her 10 children in an undated photo. She was abducted in 1972 and murdered. Of all the murders committed during the Troubles, some here wonder why only the McConville case is being revived now. They include Thomas P. O’Neill III, a prominent lobbyist here and son of Tip O’Neill, the former House speaker who was instrumental in the peace talks that ended the conflict. “There were brutalities on both sides,” said O’Neill, who dismissed the action against Adams as a political gambit. The researchers — Ed Maloney, a journalist living in New York, and Anthony McIntyre, a former I.R.A. volunteer living in Ireland — have cut ties with Boston College, saying it sold out them and their work, called the Belfast Project. They had recorded 26 interviews with former members of the I.R.A. and 20 interviews with former members of the Ulster Volunteer Force, a loyalist paramilitary group.

“It was on the basis of assurances from Boston College that their lawyers had vetted the contracts to be signed by the interviewees that said the final say in disclosure of any of this material was in the hands of the interviewees,” Maloney said on Thursday. But things changed over the years. Two years after the 2008 death of Brendan Hughes, a former I.R.A. member who was once a close friend of Adams, Maloney published a book and produced a documentary in 2010 called “Voices from the Grave,” which recounted their interviews. Around the same time, Dolours Price, a former member of the Provisional I.R.A., told the Irish news media that she had not only participated in the Belfast Project but that she and Adams had been involved in the abduction and murder of McConville. KATHARINE Q. SEELYE

In Brief No U.S. Spy Accord With Germany The effort to remake the intelligence relationship between the United States and Germany after it was disclosed last year that the National Security Agency was tapping Chancellor Angela Merkel’s cellphone has collapsed, according to German officials. They say there will be no intelligence sharing or “no spy” agreement between the countries when Merkel arrives at the White House on Friday. (NYT)

Time Lost in Hunt for Missing Jet Seventeen minutes passed after Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 disappeared from civilian radar screens before air traffic controllers in Vietnam and Malaysia raised any concerns about the plane, according to a Malaysian government report released

on Thursday. The details of delays and miscues came in a report that left only tantalizing clues to the plane’s likely whereabouts that were not recognized or understood for days after it disappeared on March 8. Searchers initially wasted days hunting for the plane over the Gulf of Thailand. (NYT)

Toronto Mayor Enters Drug Rehab Rob Ford, Toronto’s troubled mayor who acquired international notoriety for his drug use, took a break from public life on Thursday. Late Wednesday night, Ford, 44, announced he was taking a leave from his duties to receive treatment for an alcohol problem. That announcement was made about two hours after a Toronto newspaper said its reporters had seen another video in which Ford appears to be smoking crack, this one made last Saturday. (NYT)

FRIDAY, MAY 2, 2014 3


Timeline Describes Frantic Scene at Execution McALESTER, Okla. — Early on the morning of Clayton Lockett’s scheduled execution, he defied prison officers seeking to shackle him for the required walk to get X-rays. So they shocked him with a Taser, Oklahoma’s chief of corrections stated in an account released Thursday of Lockett’s final day, before his execution went awry. Once Lockett was in an examining room, the staff discovered that he had slashed his own arm; a physician’s assistant determined that sutures would not be needed. Hours later on that Tuesday, Lockett lay strapped on a gurney in the execution chamber. A medical technician searched both of his arms, both of his legs and both of his feet for a vein into which to insert the needle, but “No viable point of entry was located,” reported the corrections chief, Robert Patton, in the letter to Gov. Mary Fallin released by her office. Officials ended up inserting the catheter into his groin area and placing a sheet over him.

The detailed timeline raised further questions about Lockett’s treatment before and during the bungled execution and subsequent death. Patton recommended suspending indefinitely further executions, an independent outside review of what took place and giving him power over execution protocol and decision making instead of the penitentiary warden. The account gave greater detail about Lockett’s final minutes and the frantic scene that unfolded after the blinds were drawn on witnesses. With something clearly going terribly wrong, the doctor “checked the IV and reported that the blood vein had collapsed, and the drugs had either absorbed into the tissue, leaked out or both,” Patton wrote. The warden called Patton, who asked, “Have enough drugs been administered to cause death?” The warden answered “no.” “Is another vein available, and if so, are there enough drugs remaining?” The doctor respond-

ed “no” again. Patton then asked about Lockett’s condition; the warden said the doctor “found a faint heartbeat” and that Lockett was unconscious. At 6:56, the director called off the execution. Ten minutes later, at 7:06, “Doctor pronounced Offender Lockett dead,” the letter states. Legal experts on the death penalty said they were surprised, and even shocked, by several things revealed in the new letter. “I’ve never heard of a case of an inmate being Tasered before being executed,” said Deborah Denno, an expert on execution at Fordham Law School. David Dow, a death penalty appellate lawyer in Texas, said that he was surprised that the medical staff administering the drugs did not have a second vein ready in case of problems with the first. “For a state that executes people,” he said, “they are awfully bad at it.” ERIK ECKHOLM and JOHN SCHWARTZ

Study Finds No Benefit in Baby Helmets Pediatricians have long urged parents to put newborns to sleep on their backs to help prevent sudden infant death syndrome. While the practice undoubtedly has saved lives, it also has increased the numbers of babies with flattened skulls. Roughly one baby in five under the age of 6 months develops a skull deformation caused by lying in a supine position. Now a study has found that a common remedy for the problem, a pricey custom-made helmet worn by infants, in most cases produces no more improvement in skull shape than doing nothing at all. The new report, published on

Thursday in the journal BMJ, is the first randomized trial of the helmets. The authors found “virtually no treatment effect,” said Brent R. Collett, an investigator at Seattle Children’s Research Institute and author of an accompanying editorial. Skull flatness at the back of the head may be accompanied by facial asymmetry; one ear may be slightly farther back than the other, and sometimes the side of the head can flatten. Until now, less rigorous studies had mostly shown helmets did help normalize head shape. “I was very surprised at the results,” Dr. Mark R. Proctor,

an associate professor of neurosurgery at Boston Children’s Hospital, said of the The study new study. He examined added that the skull flatness. study was “rigorous.” Still, the study leaves open the possibility that the helmets might still be useful for infants with severe skull flattening and those with tight neck muscles, which make it hard for infants to turn their heads so they remain in one position. CATHERINE SAINT LOUIS

Late Surge Pushes Health Care Enrollment Past 8 Million WASHINGTON — The number of people signing up for health insurance through the federal marketplace soared in March, exceeding the number who signed up in the prior five months, the Obama administration said Thursday in its final report on enrollment. The report, for the first time, provided information about the racial and ethnic background of people signing up. Of the 3.8 million people in the federal ex-

change who voluntarily disclosed such information, 63 percent were white, 17 percent were black, 11 percent were Hispanic and 8 percent were Asian, officials said. Of those buying insurance in the exchanges, 2.2 million, or 28 percent, were between the ages of 18 and 34. Young adults accounted for nearly one-third of people signing up after March 1. About 7.1 million people had selected health plans by the March

deadline. From April 1 to 19, an additional 910,500 people were allowed to sign up. The new report documents the dimensions of the March surge. In the final weeks of the open enrollment period, the number of people signed up in the federal exchange more than doubled, to 5.4 million people, from 2.6 million at the end of February. And the total in state exchanges increased 59 percent, to 2.6 million. ROBERT PEAR

In Brief N.A.A.C.P. Official Quits Amid Scrutiny The president of the Los Angeles chapter of the N.A.A.C.P. resigned Thursday, following scrutiny of his plan to give Donald Sterling, the owner of the Los Angeles Clippers, an award for promoting civil rights. The chapter’s president, Leon Jenkins, was to present Sterling with a “lifetime achievement award” later this month. Jenkins rescinded that offer after a recording surfaced on which Sterling disparaged black men. Jenkins had wanted to give Sterling the award May 15 at the 100th anniversary celebration of the Los Angeles chapter. The decision was questioned by some civil rights activists, who cited allegations of discrimination in Sterling’s past. (AP)

Florida’s Tuition Bill To Assist ‘Dreamers’ The Florida Senate on Thursday voted to make students who were brought to the United States illegally as children eligible for in-state college tuition. The vote, 26 to 13, capped off an emotional debate over the importance of giving talented Florida students, the so-called Dreamers, the chance to succeed and prosper by making higher education more affordable. The legislation is the latest sign that the state’s conservative Legislature and Gov. Rick Scott, a Republican, plan to intensify their courtship of Hispanic voters. Scott is running for re-election. (NYT)

Seattle Plan Seeks $15 Minimum Wage Mayor Ed Murray presented a plan on Thursday to boost Seattle’s minimum wage to $15 an hour, more than twice the federal minimum wage and one of the highest anywhere in the nation, through a series of phased-in stages. But the plan was immediately attacked. Kshama Sawant, a Socialist Alternative Party member who was elected to the City Council last year on a campaign to raise wages, said the plan had been “watered-down” by business interests. “Every year of a phase-in means yet another year in poverty for a worker,” Sawant said. (NYT)


FRIDAY, MAY 2, 2014


Back in Bankruptcy Court, G.M. Battles Suits down a rising tide of class-action lawsuits stemming from its recall of 2.6 million cars because of a defective ignition switch that it now links to 13 deaths. Objections have poured into the court from plaintiffs in cases around the country alleging that the company committed fraud during the bankruptcy proceedings five years ago by not disclosing the potential liabilities from the faulty switch. “I think it’s a gamble from G.M.’s perspective,” said David Skeel, a bankruptcy specialist at the University of Pennsylvania School of Law. “If I were the judge, I would not give them a carte blanche and say this litigation has got to stop. I suspect the response will be more nuanced than that,” Skeel said. He and others say the other-

wise routine motion could end up leading to a mini-trial of sorts, on whether fraud was committed. If, that happens, Skeel said: “In a way, it’s we’re redoing the bankruptcy. It’s quite possible this trial could be a larger event than the real bankruptcy.” If alleged fraud becomes a focus, the proceedings could go a long way toward answering a question that two congressional investigations, countless news reports and other inquiries have not been able to ascertain so far — how high up in the company did the knowledge of the switch defect go. G.M. has largely declined to make employees available for questioning and has continually cited its own internal ongoing investigation. HILARY STOUT and BILL VLASIC

U.S. Looks Into Wagers, Pro and Con, on Herbalife Three federal agencies and one billionaire hedge fund manager have placed Herbalife under the microscope, scrutinizing whether the diet supplements company is a pyramid scheme. Federal authorities are also pursuing other inquiries into the traders who traffic in the company’s stock. The authorities are focusing on traders with contrasting views of Herbalife, according to people briefed on the matter. As one group wagered that Herbalife was a pyramid scheme — William A. Ackman, the billionaire hedge fund manager, has staked a $1 billion bet on that belief — other investors expected the company to emerge unscathed.

A number of well-timed bets for and against Herbalife caught the eye of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the F.B.I., the people briefed on the matter said. The S.E.C. sent requests for documents to several investors betting on Herbalife’s success, the people said, including investment firms founded by Carl C. Icahn and George Soros. The S.E.C. and F.B.I. are also questioning whether Ackman’s hedge fund, Pershing Square Capital Management, improperly encouraged other traders to bet against Herbalife. In a statement, Pershing Square said it did not “leak to anyone any information about its Herbalife position or its Dec.

20, 2012, presentation prior to its public release. In fact, the firm went to great lengths to avoid any premature disclosure.” Yet some details of the presentation managed to slip out. The S.E.C. sent a subpoena to Pershing Square, the people said, as part of an insider trading inquiry involving a winning bet against Herbalife. The inquiry appears to focus on a person outside Pershing Square who placed his own bet that Herbalife shares would falter — a trade he made after learning private details about Ackman’s campaign. Pershing Square is not the focus of that particular investigation. BEN PROTESS and ALEXANDRA STEVENSON

Spending and Pay Gains Signal an Improving Economy After a winter that seemed endless, has the long-awaited spring economic thaw arrived? One day after a dismal report on growth in the first quarter of 2014, fresh data from the Commerce Department on Thursday on personal income and spending in March suggested the economy may finally be shaking off the effects of the deep freeze. “We had a big bounce in March and that sets us up for a solid gain in the second quarter,” said Dean Maki, chief United States economist at Barclays. Maki estimated

the pace of growth in the second quarter would increase to an annualized rate of 3 percent, compared to a 0.1 percent gain last quarter. Another reality check is set for Friday morning, when the Labor Department will report on hiring and unemployment in April. The average estimate among economists polled by Bloomberg is that employers added roughly 218,000 jobs in April, with the unemployment rate falling by 0.1 percentage point to 6.6 percent. A week ago, forecasters predicted a

gain of 210,000 jobs. The seasonally adjusted gain in consumption spending of 0.9 percent in March was the strongest in nearly five years, and it was driven by purchases of durable goods like automobiles and appliances, as well as nondurable goods, like clothing and food. And with personal spending rising faster than the 0.5 percent gain in income, personal saving as a percentage of disposable income fell to 3.8 percent in March from 4.2 percent in February. NELSON D. SCHWARTZ




21.97 0.13%


S & P 500

12.89 0.31%




0.27 0.01%




FTSE 100


CAC 40

Closed for holiday

Closed for holiday


28.84 0.43%









319.92 1.42%

Closed for holiday


181.02 1.27%











12.20 0.08%

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FOREIGN EXCHANGE Fgn. currency in Dollars

Australia (Dollar) Bahrain (Dinar) Brazil (Real) Britain (Pound) Canada (Dollar) China (Yuan) Denmark (Krone) Dom. Rep. (Peso) Egypt (Pound) Europe (Euro) Hong Kong (Dollar) Japan (Yen) Mexico (Peso) Norway (Krone) Singapore (Dollar) So. Africa (Rand) So. Korea (Won) Sweden (Krona) Switzerland (Franc)

.9274 2.6524 .4478 1.6891 .9129 .1598 .1858 .0231 .1427 1.3864 .1290 .0098 .0767 .1683 .7987 .0958 .0010 .1538 1.1374

Dollars in fgn.currency

1.0783 .3770 2.2330 .5920 1.0954 6.2591 5.3813 43.2100 7.0075 .7213 7.7520 102.32 13.0378 5.9403 1.2521 10.4360 1032.7 6.5032 .8792

Source: Thomson Reuters


An unusual meeting took place this week at a law office high in a Times Square skyscraper. Lawyers from about 100 law firms participated, either in person or by phone. The agenda: solidifying a strategy for taking on General Motors in bankruptcy court. Bankruptcy court was supposed to be a fading memory for the automaker. But on Friday the new G.M. will be back before Judge Robert E. Gerber in the Federal Bankruptcy Court of the Southern District of New York, girding for a new fight. On the surface, G.M. is asking the judge to enforce a provision of its July 10, 2009, bankruptcy sales order that insulated the “new” company from lawsuits stemming from incidents that took place before that date. The company is trying to shut


Information on all United States stocks, plus bonds, mutual funds, commodities and foreign stocks along with analysis of industry sectors and stock indexes:


Turnaround Completed, Ford’s Leader Leaves DEARBORN, Mich. — One of the first questions asked of Alan R. Mulally when he joined Ford Motor as its new chief executive in 2006 was what kind of car he drove. His answer stunned an auditorium packed with Ford employees. “A Lexus,” he said. “It’s the finest car in the world.” His praise of a car built by Toyota was shocking, but it delivered a clear message of how Mulally viewed the products made by Ford, which at the time was spiraling into a financial crisis and desperate for a savior. It was that brutal honesty, along with Mulally’s vision, that would lay the foundation for a stunning turnaround. On Thursday, Mulally stood at the front of the same auditorium and announced that he would retire as chief executive on July 1 and, as expected, be succeeded by the veteran Ford executive Mark Fields. The company he is leaving has been transformed from an industry laggard into one of the world’s most successful carmakers. As he leaves, Mulally is drawing comparisons with Lee Iacocca, the executive who resurrected Chrysler a generation ago. Mulally said he never doubted that Ford could thrive again, even when the company appeared

headed for bankruptcy in 2009 along with its chief American rivals, General Motors and Chrysler. “I knew we Mark could do this,” Fields he said in an interview. Ford managed to avoid bankruptcy and the government bailouts that G.M. and Chrysler needed to survive. From the day he arrived at Ford, he stressed that everything was up for review at the company, and set out to streamline it by selling off b ra n ds that diluted its resources, like Volvo and Jaguar, and closing down the s t r u g - Alan R. gling Mercury Mulally brand. He made painful cuts to the workforce, laying off thousands in 2007 and 2008, and closing plants that were no longer needed. At the same time, he encouraged executives to emulate leaner competitors like Toyota,

adopting team-oriented procedures that forced executives to put aside their internal rivalries. As employees warmed to his approach, improvements in the safety, styling and fuel efficiency of each new Ford model followed. Now Ford is increasing its market share in North America, and expanding its presence in China and other regions where it had trailed other automakers. Last week, Ford reported net income of $989 million in the first quarter of this year — its 19th consecutive profitable quarter and further proof of the staying power of Mulally’s turnaround plan known as One Ford. Auto analysts on Thursday cited Mulally’s influence on Ford, which previously had a rocky history with chief executives who were fired or replaced when the company stumbled. “Whether anyone else could have created the level of change and delivered equally strong execution is immaterial,” said Stephanie Brinley, an analyst with the firm IHS Automotive. “He was the one to do it.” Jack Nerad, an analyst with the auto research firm Kelley Blue Book, said of Mulally, “His leadership enabled Ford to avoid the bankruptcies that swallowed up and then spit out General Motors and Chrysler.” BILL VLASIC

As Netflix Resists, Most Firms Try to Befriend Comcast In the middle of an otherwise routine earnings report last week, Netflix took a detour into the realm of antitrust enforcement: It opposed Comcast’s proposed purchase of Time Warner Cable, it said, because the deal would create a powerful giant with “anticompetitive leverage.” The statement grabbed the attention of the entertainment and communications industries. What it did not do was rally many others to the fight. The $45 billion merger would give Comcast control of 40 percent of the country’s Internet service coverage and 19 of the country’s top 20 cable markets. Virtually every media and technology company has a major stake in the outcome of the government’s review of the merger. The question these companies face is whether their interests are better served by speaking out


FRIDAY, MAY 2, 2014

about it, or by keeping any possible complaints to themselves while they try to negotiate the best deals they can with Comcast. Almost none are speaking out. But privately media executives are eager to echo Netflix’s concern about the deal, and to cast themselves as victims of the potential megamerger. They use words like “omnivorous’’ and “rapacious’’ to describe Comcast, while expressing skepticism on the prospect of the largest cable company buying the second-largest. “Every company, including ours, knows how we feel about the merger, but the question is, Are we going to do anything about it?” said one senior media executive, who like others insisted on anonymity in order to discuss a sensitive business relationship. “Who’s going to be the first to kick sand in the bully’s face?”

That distinction already belongs to Netflix, and it drew a quick, sharp response from Comcast, which accused the company of disingenuously cloaking its business interests in pro-consumer rhetoric. Comcast said Netflix simply did not want to bear the costs of the enormous amount of Internet traffic that its subscribers generate. (During peak hours, Netflix streaming can account for nearly one-third of worldwide Internet traffic.) Comcast has contended that the merger is not anti-competitive because it has very little geographical overlap with Time Warner Cable. More to the point, Comcast says that the content providers are holding most of the power in their relationships. If consumers cannot watch their favorite shows and sporting events, they will just cut the cord. JONATHAN MAHLER

MOST ACTIVE, GAINERS AND LOSERS % Volume Stock (Ticker) Close Chg chg (100) 10 MOST ACTIVE Facebo (FB) Bankof (BAC) RiteAi (RAD) Pfizer (PFE) Sprint (S) SLM (SLM) Merrim (MACK) FordMo (F) Micros (MSFT) Micron (MU)

61.15 15.09 7.70 31.15 8.73 9.02 6.99 15.91 40.00 26.25

+1.37 ◊0.05 +0.40 ◊0.13 +0.23 ◊16.73 +2.60 ◊0.24 ◊0.40 +0.13

+2.3 ◊0.3 +5.5 ◊0.4 +2.7 ◊65.0 +59.2 ◊1.5 ◊1.0 +0.5

822999 679325 659318 415071 341396 308707 307727 306487 287870 282277

% Volume Stock (Ticker) Close Chg chg (100) 10 TOP GAINERS Merrim (MACK) Energo (WATT) BuildA (BBW) MaxLin (MXL) Weight (WTW) Merito (MTOR) PacBio (PACB) BioAmb (BIOA) Iridiu (IRDM) Biocep (BIOC)

6.99 13.00 13.63 9.43 23.71 13.95 5.17 11.58 7.61 5.40

+2.60 +2.47 +2.41 +1.56 +3.91 +2.08 +0.75 +1.54 +0.94 +0.66

+59.2 +23.5 +21.5 +19.8 +19.7 +17.5 +17.0 +15.3 +14.1 +13.9

307727 7096 7406 7973 80621 70044 24608 1193 38427 1204

% Volume Stock (Ticker) Close Chg chg (100) 10 TOP LOSERS Monste (MWW) Silico (SGI) Stamps (STMP) JDSUni (JDSU) Americ (ARII) Lifeti (LCUT) Oplink (OPLK) Pacifi (PEIX) SwiftE (SFY) Masimo (MASI)

5.66 9.96 29.12 10.87 59.61 16.55 15.01 13.68 10.88 23.95

◊1.23 ◊2.12 ◊5.59 ◊1.80 ◊9.83 ◊2.55 ◊2.13 ◊1.92 ◊1.45 ◊2.81

◊17.9 ◊17.5 ◊16.1 ◊14.2 ◊14.2 ◊13.4 ◊12.4 ◊12.3 ◊11.8 ◊10.5

89560 18164 14848 268963 15361 3671 4381 39398 36284 21924

Source: Thomson Reuters

Stocks on the Move Stocks that moved substantially or traded heavily on Thursday: Avon Products Inc., down $1.56 to $13.72. The cosmetics company saw quarterly revenue decline on all fronts and will pay $135 million to settle a bribery investigation. Exxon Mobil Corp., down $1 to $101.41. Quarterly profits fell 4 percent as it produced less oil and natural gas and posted weaker refining results. Cardinal Health Inc., down $4.39 to $65.12. The end of a big contract with Walgreen affected the prescription drug distributor’s quarterly performance. General Motors Co., up 42 cents to $34.90. Despite an ongoing recall controversy, U.S. auto sales jumped 7 percent in April. Ford Motor Co., down 24 cents to $15.91. C.E.O. Alan Mulally will be replaced by the longtime Ford executive Mark Fields, and auto sales fell in April. DirecTV, up $3.16 to $80.76. The Wall Street Journal reported that AT&T is in talks to buy the satellite-TV company. Facebook Inc., up $1.37 to $61.15. The company revealed a mobile ad exchange that can make app developers more money. (AP)


FRIDAY, MAY 2, 2014 6

Crunching the Numbers to Find the Best Fare There are plenty of companies out there offering reports and tools to help you navigate airfare decisions — Google’s Explore Flights engine and Kayak’s price trend feature Frugal among them. But Traveler a few months ago, SeTh Kugel some smart people at a company called Hopper, whose primary business is aggregating blog posts for travelers, started releasing intriguing reports about how to lower your travel costs. The reports (available at hopper. com/research, by signing up for their mailing list) are coming with a frequency, transparency and detail I haven’t seen in other reports. And while static reports provide only broad conclusions, Hopper also provides customizable tools that are as powerful as they are simple. After taking the reports and tools for a long spin, I came up with some conclusions; here are a few of the most useful. The overall take on the best day to book tickets turns out to be somewhat underwhelming. Hopper’s data shows it’s actually Thursday, but don’t expect that fact to save you much money. Reserve a domestic flight on Thursday and you’ll spend, on average, $10 less than if you reserve on Saturday, the worst day to book domestic flights. With international flights, you’ll save, on average, $25 over Sunday, the worst day to book flights abroad. Hopper’s reports also show that the day of the week you depart and the day you return matter more than the day you

Check In/Check Out Belmond El Encanto SANTA BARBARA, CALIF.


book. For domestic flights, leaving Wednesday (the best day) will save you $40 on average over a Sunday departure (the worst day); returning Tuesday will save you $45 over returning Friday. For international flights, Wednesdays are the best day to both leave and return. But, of course, you’re not an average traveler. That’s where Hopper’s “Origin-Destination” reports come in. Pop in any route, and get a customized report with the cheapest day to book, the cheapest day to fly, average costs and much more, including specific numbers on how much you can expect to save. It’s not all about when you fly, but where. They produced a list comparing the most-searched European destinations from each of four cities — New York, Los Angeles, Boston and Chicago — with the cheapest destinations and came to some intriguing conclusions. Not surprisingly, London,

Paris and Rome are at or near the top of the popularity list. But the cheapest destinations from each of those cities varied widely. For New York, it’s Bergen in Norway and Oslo and Copenhagen; for Chicago, it’s Warsaw and Stuttgart and Düsseldorf in Germany; for Los Angeles, it’s Copenhagen, Stockholm and Moscow; and for Boston, it’s Lisbon, Dublin and Istanbul. The price differentials are significantly higher, in some cases, than adding the cost of an intra-European flight. There are some final caveats to the Hopper reports. As is always the case with data crunching, they’ve done some adjusting: For example, the “average” prices are actually the average for the cheapest 10 percent of results. And, of course, their conclusions are based on past data. If thousands of Texans go online next Friday to book flights to Beijing returning on a Tuesday, prices might very well rise.

In Brief A Fresh Perspective on Glaciers A new attraction in Jasper National Park in the Canadian Rockies is offering travelers a different worldview, one that will take them quite literally over the edge of a cliff. The Glacier Skywalk experience was created to educate visitors about the formation of glaciers and their environmental impact, but for most, the thrilling part will be stepping onto the glass floor of the observation deck, 918 feet above the ground. The Skywalk is open daily from May through October. RACHEL LEE HARRIS

Rent a Room or the Entire Island For the first time, one of the Cuckolds — a pair of granite islands a half-mile off the coast of Southport Island, Me. — will be open for tours and overnight

stays this summer. The two-suite, luxuriously decorated Inn at Cuckolds Lighthouse is inside the 19th-century lighthouse, offering 360-degree ocean views. DARREN SETLOW Guests may rent a The lighthouse (or island) room or the entire is up for rent in Maine. property. Suites, available starting June 27, are $350 to $500 a night with a two-night minimum, while renting the entire island costs $2,500 to $3,000 per night. Starting in July, public tours of the property will be available for $30 a person. DIANE DANIEL

RATES Doubles from $475 in May and June, including Wi-Fi. BASICS Belmond El Encanto is one of the great old California hotels. Opened in 1918, the property consists of a central building and bungalows scattered along winding paths on seven acres. In 2004, it was bought by Orient-Express Hotels, which recently finished a $134 million renovation. LOCATION The hotel is perched on a hill overlooking Santa Barbara, which gives it a pleasantly secluded vibe, though it’s only a few minutes from downtown. THE ROOM The new part of the hotel, Mission Village, is a cluster of red-tile-roof Spanish buildings. Our upper-floor room felt like a cozy apartment, with a king-size bed, a wood desk and cushioned chairs around a gas fireplace. The minibar included a Nespresso machine and chardonnay from a local winery. An even more appealing feature was the private


patio with ocean views.

THE BATHROOM Gleaming and

good-size, with a double sink, a soaking tub made of marble, a rainfall shower and Acqui di Parma bath products. AMENITIES A small fitness center has new machines and a schedule of classes, and there’s a new full-service spa. The infinity pool has breathtaking views and a staff serving drinks. The terrace off the main building is a good place to relax post-swim, as we did. ROOM SERVICE While El Encanto operates a restaurant, and there’s a bar in the main building with a limited menu, we decided to order room service. Twenty minutes later, staff members arrived and transformed our patio into a linen-clothed dining area for two. The meal was good, if wildly expensive for what it was. BOTTOM LINE While pricey, especially in summer, Belmond El Encanto’s location, grounds and attentive staff make it a worthy splurge. STEVEN KURUTZ

FRIDAY, MAY 2, 2014 7


A Korean City Faces Up to the Unthinkable: 250 Teenage Funerals went on a class trip, and most will never return. Nearly three quarters of Danwon’s 11th graders died two weeks ago in the sinking of a ferry that ranks as one of the country’s deadliest disasters in recent decades. “I’ve seen these kids grow up. I know each of their faces,” said Kim, 57. “To say that this neighborhood feels empty would be an understatement. This neighborhood feels like a morgue.” The tragedy has hit especially hard in Gojan 1, the run-down working-class district surrounding the school. Each of the brick apartment buildings, residents say, was home to at least three or four students who perished. Gojan 1 is normally alive with the bustle of

ANSAN, South Korea — The cluttered store next to the gate of Danwon High School in this industrial city is jammed with school necessities. White gym uniforms hang in the window. Pens and pencils are sorted neatly into cubbyholes, and a freezer full of ice cream sits outside as a lure for passing students. But much of the space in the shop is devoted to perhaps its most important item: rows and rows of history, math and English-language workbooks for South Korea’s university entrance exams. Now, Kim In-jea, the store’s co-owner, doubts he will sell many of the 11thgrade books, and he does not expect even to stock the 12th-grade versions next year. The students who would have bought them




1 Modern 10 15 16 17 18 19 20

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traffic director? Punk theme London’s ___ Barnett School News anchor O’Donnell One who’s not out all night? Steer T-Pain and Ice-T output Time’s 1963 Man of the Year, informally Pick up John or James Fashion designer Marshall Et ___ Back Ship captained by Vicente Yáñez Pinzón West of Nashville “Martin Chuzzlewit” villain Silver screen name? “___ Pleasure” (Charlie Chaplin movie) Fixed, as lining





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Abdominal and lowerback muscles, collectively Embarrassed Unleashes on Writes a Dear John letter, say Novelist Isabel Where one might take a bullet: Abbr. Some seaweeds Actor Franco of “Now You See Me” Skateboard trick named after its originator Not reserved Female lead in “Brigadoon” They’ll never hold water Big celebrations Paid a visit






































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6 Big

___ 14 Beauty’s partner 38 “Go, team, go!,” 1 President e.g. 7 Words before 21 Celeb who got beginning in “to be born” the 2,500th star 42 GPS line: Abbr. 1995 and “to die” in on the Hollywood 2 Delaware Valley Ecclesiastes Walk of Fame in 44 Wove (through) Indians 2013 45 Sooner or later 8 Not this type?: 3 Hip place Abbr. 24 Easy runs 46 Wee 4 Strabismus 9 Change course 25 Trellis strip 48 U.S. chain at sea 5 1901 Kipling stores since 27 Messiah book 10 Physicist ___1985 29 Hung out to dry Marie Ampère 49 Cartoon dog 30 Groks PREVIOUS PUZZLE 11 Common 52 Setback conjunction 33 Kind of pump A B D U C T I O N 12 Looking 53 It’s by no means 34 Beauty M I D P O I N T S a long shot sheepish, say 35 Goes head to A N T A R C T I C 13 Southern city 56 Football stat: head S ET O S O S Abbr. that’s the 36 “Trust me” S I N N setting for 58 Scammer’s “Midnight in the 37 “My Big Fat T E ET O T A L target Greek Wedding” Garden of Good B E S E T E N ET 59 Mark on a card writer/star and Evil” L E O T ET E S I C K ET H M O G H O M E I N Online subscriptions: Today’s puzzle and more than 5,000 past puzzles, ($39.95 a year). H T E R E S A Annual subscriptions are available for the best of Sunday crosswords COW A R D S T E R E S T E R from the last 50 years: 1-888-7-ACROSS. E R T R U B L E Read about and comment on each puzzle: E S S S P A S M Crosswords for young solvers:

teenagers crowding the local Internet cafe to play computer games or heading to Wongojan Public Library to study or to the after-school “cram” classes ubiquitous in South Korea. Now, residents describe a mournful stillness, punctuated by the seemingly endless arrival of long funeral processions. There have been 156 funerals so far. The pall has radiated out into Ansan, a port city where factories stamp out auto parts and electronics. The city of 763,000 people, those who live here say, has been suffocating in grief since the accident apparently claimed the lives of 250 of its children. At a temporary memorial built in a gym, the victims’ photos were displayed on a wall covered with yellow and white flowers. Mourners waited up to 90 minutes. “An entire grade at a high school was wiped out,” said Kim Hee-kyeum, the vice governor of Gyeonggi Province. “It is not just the 250 lost students. It is their surviving classmates, their parents, friends, neighborhoods, the entire city.” For now, the funeral processions offer the rawest expressions of the community’s grief. One of those processions carried Park Yae-ji, whose relatives remember her as a cheerful, mature 16-year-old who helped her working mother raise her younger brother. On a drizzly morning this week, Yae-ji returned for the final time to Danwon High School, following a Korean custom in which the dead are taken to the various places where they spent their lives. Her mother, Eom Ji-young, 37, stoic for much of the funeral, lost her composure at the sight of white chrysanthemums laid on Yaeji’s desk, collapsing in sobs. Of the nearly 30 other desks in the classroom, all but two were decorated with white bouquets, which are given to the dead. Yae-ji’s mother is relieved, at least, to have her daughter’s body back, to give her a proper funeral. MARTIN FACKLER

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FRIDAY, MAY 2, 2014 8



The Right Lessons From Chernobyl Twenty-eight years after Unit 4 at the Chernobyl power plant erupted into a volcano of radioactivity, its name has become synonymous with the nightmarish side of nuclear power. It is also the site today of an extraordinary international project, the construction of a vast steel shield to cover the leaky concrete “sarcophagus” in which the highly radioactive remains of the reactor are entombed, and do so for at least 100 years. Construction is already almost a decade behind schedule, and plans call for it to be completed by 2017. Given the decrepit state of the sarcophagus, it is a race against time. Add to that the uncertainty and near-bankruptcy of Ukraine, and Chernobyl continues to stand as a fearsome testament to the dangers of nuclear power — more powerful than Three Mile Island before it or Fukushima after it. Yet it is also noteworthy that these nuclear disasters did not and have not overcome the allure of nuclear power as a source of clean and abundant energy. The dangers of nuclear power are real, but the accidents do not compare to the damage to the earth being inflicted by the burning of fossil fuels. The latest dire warning from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change should leave no doubt that reducing carbon emissions must be an urgent priority and that nuclear energy must be part of the mix. It leaves no doubt, either, that the world must do what it can to increase energy efficiency and harness renewable sources to meet our ever-expanding needs for energy. But the time

when these can replace all fossil and nuclear fuels is still far off. The Center for Climate and Energy Solutions urged policy makers this week to pay attention to the withering away of America’s 100 nuclear reactors. In the past year and a half, four power companies have announced the early retirement of five nuclear reactors, which supplied 4.2 percent of America’s total nuclear generating capacity. Two are in California and one each in Florida, Wisconsin and Vermont. The reasons for the shutdowns vary. In some cases, competition from cheap natural gas and from nearby wind farms has forced reactors to operate at a loss. In other cases, a marginal plant’s economic viability has been jeopardized by the cost of upgrading safety systems to meet new requirements imposed after the disaster in Fukushima. These trends, if left unattended, will make it harder for the United States to meet its goal of reducing carbon emissions by 17 percent below 2005 levels by 2020. The center notes that since 1990 nuclear power has supplied about onefifth of the nation’s electricity and more than 60 percent of all zero-carbon electricity. The watchword here should be prudence. Prudence in the design, maintenance and operation of all nuclear facilities. Prudence also in the sense that policy makers not be spooked into shutting down a vital source of clean energy. The great shield over Chernobyl should also entomb unfounded fears of using nuclear power in the future.

A Surge Forward on Marriage Equality In a landmark 5-to-4 ruling last June, the Supreme Court struck down the Defense of Marriage Act’s denial of federal benefits to lawfully married same-sex couples — but, in another case from California, declined to say whether the Constitution requires states to allow such marriages to begin with. Now, just 11 months later, the battle for marriage equality has turned an important corner, with a new round of cases beginning to reach federal appellate courts for review. This creates the potential for a speedier-than-expected return to the Supreme Court, perhaps as early as next term. The explosion of new lawsuits in more than 30 states challenges existing bans on same-sex marriage, as well as state refusals to recognize same-sex marriages lawfully performed elsewhere. These suits rely heavily on the language and logic of the Defense of Marriage Act opinion, United States v. Windsor, written by Justice Anthony Kennedy. The judicial response so far has been remarkable: 11 straight favorable United States District Court rulings, overturning marriage bans in Utah, Oklahoma, Texas, Michigan and Virginia, and more limited victories requiring states to recognize valid out-of-state marriag-

es. As yet, there have been no losses, even in deeply red states. The appeals process is already underway. Last month,a three-judge panel of the Denver-based United States Court of Appeals for the 10th Circuit heard appeals of the recently decided Utah and Oklahoma cases. On May 13, a panel of the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals, sitting in Richmond, Va., is scheduled to hear an appeal of the Virginia ruling that cleared the way for same-sex marriages in that state. A Supreme Court ruling settling the matter would then be possible by June 2015. Should the justices take a pass, the Circuit Court rulings would go into effect in all states that the courts cover. It would be surprising if the unbroken winning streak since Windsor continued. But what is important is for the issue to return to the Supreme Court with expanded support and a critical mass of marriage-equality states so a majority of justices will feel comfortable issuing an opinion requiring marriage equality nationwide. To the extent the justices perceive a growing, if incomplete, consensus among federal judges, it can only help.


Why Economics Failed On Wednesday, I wrapped up the class I’ve been teaching all semester: “The Great Recession: Causes and Consequences.” I found myself turning at the end to an agonizing question: Why, at the moment it was most needed and could have done the most good, did economics fail? While it’s true that few economists saw the crisis coming, the clean little secret of recent years is that, since the fall of Lehman Brothers, basic textbook macroeconomics has performed very well. But policy makers and politicians have ignored both the textbooks and the lessons of history. And the result has been a vast economic and human catastrophe. Economists who took their own textbooks seriously quickly diagnosed the nature of our economic malaise: We were suffering from inadequate demand. The financial crisis and the housing bust created an environment in which everyone was trying to spend less. The result is an overall decline in incomes and a depressed economy. And we know that depressed economies behave quite differently from economies that are at or near full employment. The diagnosis of our troubles as stemming from inadequate demand had clear policy implications: as long as lack of demand was the problem, we would be living in a world in which the usual rules didn’t apply. In particular, this was no time to worry about budget deficits and cut spending, which would only deepen the depression. When John Boehner, then the House minority leader, declared in early 2009 that since American families were having to tighten their belts, the government should tighten its belt, too, people like me cringed. We needed more government spending, not less, to fill the hole left by inadequate private demand. But a few months later President Obama started saying exactly the same thing. Since 2010, we’ve seen a sharp decline in discretionary spending and an unprecedented decline in budget deficits, and the result has been anemic growth and long-term unemployment on a scale not seen since the 1930s. So why didn’t we use the economic knowledge we had? One answer is that most people find the logic of policy in a depressed economy counterintuitive. And even supposedly well-informed people balk at the notion that simple lack of demand can wreak so much havoc. Meanwhile, powerful political factions find that bad economic analysis serves their objectives. Most obviously, people whose real goal is dismantling the social safety net have found promoting deficit panic an effective way to push their agenda. Whatever the reasons basic economics got tossed aside, the result has been tragic. Most of the waste and suffering that have afflicted Western economies these past five years was unnecessary. We have, all along, had the knowledge and the tools to restore full employment. But policy makers just keep finding reasons not to do the right thing.

FRIDAY, MAY 2, 2014 9


In Brief

Baseball Shakes Up Unit Leading Investigations In the wake of the Alex Rodriguez doping case, which drew accusations of unethical behavior by Major League Baseball’s top investigators, the league has fired some members of its investigative team and moved to restructure the unit. M.L.B. and its commissioner, Bud Selig, faced claims from Rodriguez’s lawyers that its investigators had acted inappropriately. Among the accusations were that baseball’s agents had paid people thousands of dollars for information and that in one case an agent became intimate with a witness. But at the conclusion of the dispute, M.L.B.’s chief arbitrator upheld most of Rodriguez’s record suspension, barring him for the 2014 season and postseason. M.L.B. proceeded to examine how its representatives handled the case and decided it should

make changes, baseball officials said. That led to eliminating the jobs of Daniel T. Mullin, the investigative unit chief; his top deputy, George Hanna; and Ed Dominguez, a top agent. Mullin declined to discuss his departure. Hanna and Dominguez did not immediately return emails seeking comment. The commissioner’s office plans to hire a former prosecutor who will oversee the investigations department. In early 2013, M.L.B. officials dispatched investigators to South Florida to look into accusations that a number of its players, including Rodriguez, had taken banned substances from Biogenesis of America, an anti-aging clinic. M.L.B. lawyers also sued Biogenesis; Anthony Bosch, the clinic’s director; and a number of people connected to the clinic,

using the case to gain leverage over them. Ultimately, Bosch cooperated and helped M.L.B. make its case against Rodriguez and a number of other players. But in August, when Rodriguez and his lawyers began their appeal of his suspension, they began making claims about the conduct of M.L.B. investigators, particularly Mullin, a 23-year veteran of the New York Police Department. A lawyer for a former Biogenesis employee told The Times that her client had become intimate with Mullin during the investigation. Mullin has denied through M.L.B. that he had an inappropriate relationship with the woman. The woman had accepted $100,000 from Rodriguez’s representatives in exchange for supplying evidence in the case. STEVE EDER and MICHAEL S. SCHMIDT

Not So Fast: Pacers and Thunder Avoid Elimination ATLANTA — The familiar idiom “one-and-done,” which has taken on new meaning in recent N.B.A. playoffs, cannot be applied to the Indiana Pacers. Not yet, anyPACERS 95 HAWKS 88 way. Another No. 1 Series tied 3-3 seed appeared done after one round when the meek Pacers, despite ringing up the snazziest record in the Eastern Conference, drifted behind Atlanta, 3-2. But Indiana stretched the series to a climactic seventh game with a 95-88 win Thursday. By repeating the feat at home Saturday night, Indiana can avoid the ignominy of wiping out a

half-year of exemplary work and becoming the fourth top seed in eight years to bow out of the postseason from the get-go. (NYT) THUNDER 104, GRIZZLIES 84 Kevin Durant scored 36 points to break out of a slump, and the Oklahoma City Thunder routed the Memphis Grizzlies, 104-84, on Thursday to force a deciding seventh game in the first-round Western Conference series. Russell Westbrook added 25 points for the Thunder, who haven’t been eliminated in the first round of the playoffs since 2010. They took control early with Durant scoring 14 points in the first quarter, led by 15 at halftime and

WEATHER High/low temperatures for the 21 hours ended at 4 p.m. yesterday, Eastern time, and precipitation (in inches) for the 18 hours ended at 1 p.m. yesterday. Expected conditions for today and tomorrow. Weather conditions: C-clouds, F-fog, H-haze, I-ice, PC-partly cloudy, R-rain, S-sun, Sh-showers, Sn-snow, SS-snow showers, T-thunderstorms, Tr-trace, W-windy.

U.S. CITIES Yesterday Albuquerque 63/ 43 0 Atlanta 67/ 53 0 Boise 76/ 46 0 Boston 60/ 42 0.03 Buffalo 52/ 44 Tr Charlotte 78/ 65 0 Chicago 49/ 42 0.07 Cleveland 58/ 47 Tr Dallas-Ft. Worth 74/ 42 0 Denver 61/ 37 0 Detroit 56/ 44 0

Today 72/ 52 S 71/ 49 PC 81/ 56 S 67/ 48 PC 54/ 42 Sh 70/ 47 PC 59/ 44 C 56/ 44 Sh 80/ 53 S 76/ 44 PC 57/ 45 Sh

Tomorrow 80/ 56 S 75/ 55 S 79/ 50 PC 67/ 49 Sh 56/ 41 Sh 75/ 49 PC 66/ 43 PC 62/ 43 PC 87/ 60 S 80/ 48 S 62/ 42 Sh

Houston Kansas City Los Angeles Miami Mpls.-St. Paul New York City Orlando Philadelphia Phoenix Salt Lake City San Francisco Seattle St. Louis Washington

74/ 48 54/ 42 92/ 63 87/ 78 49/ 37 77/ 48 89/ 70 78/ 56 90/ 70 67/ 38 86/ 63 85/ 53 56/ 43 77/ 57

0 Tr 0 0 0.02 Tr 0 Tr 0 0 0 0 0 0

never let the Grizzlies get closer in the second half in the first game in the series that ended in regulation since the opener. Durant also had 10 rebounds and made 14 of 15 free throws. Reggie Jackson had 16 points off the bench for the Thunder. Game 7 is Saturday night in Oklahoma City. Marc Gasol had 17 points and Zach Randolph 16 for Memphis. Guard Mike Conley strained his right hamstring, briefly returned and left for good with 8:48 left. Conley went down in the third quarter near midcourt dribbling when Kendrick Perkins reached in for a steal. (AP) 78/ 54 68/ 49 94/ 60 87/ 75 58/ 40 68/ 51 83/ 68 69/ 50 93/ 71 73/ 56 71/ 53 74/ 49 65/ 49 70/ 52


85/ 58 76/ 53 82/ 58 88/ 71 59/ 39 67/ 50 79/ 60 70/ 51 97/ 74 83/ 57 63/ 51 60/ 47 74/ 55 73/ 54


FOREIGN CITIES Acapulco Athens Beijing Berlin Buenos Aires Cairo

Yesterday 91/ 75 0 75/ 57 0 77/ 56 0.07 64/ 52 0.26 68/ 54 0 91/ 67 0

Today 91/ 76 PC 73/ 57 PC 77/ 51 PC 51/ 36 R 70/ 57 PC 87/ 71 S

Tomorrow 90/ 77 PC 73/ 59 PC 76/ 50 PC 58/ 36 PC 68/ 54 PC 97/ 77 S

Cape Town Dublin Geneva Hong Kong Kingston Lima London Madrid Mexico City Montreal Moscow Nassau Paris Prague Rio de Janeiro Rome Santiago Stockholm Sydney Tokyo Toronto Vancouver Warsaw

Canadiens Top Bruins In Double Overtime P. K. Subban scored his second goal of the game at 4:17 of the second overtime to give the visiting Montreal Canadiens a 4-3 victory over the Boston Bruins on Thursday night in Game 1 of the Eastern Conference semifinals. The goal came 7 seconds into the Canadiens’ second power play of overtime. Carey Price stopped 48 shots for Montreal. Tuukka Rask made 29 saves for the Bruins. (AP)

N . B . A . S C OR E S WEDNESDAY’S LATE GAME Houston 108, Portland 98 Trail Blazers lead series, 3-2 THURSDAY Indiana 95, Atlanta 88 Series tied 3-3 Oklahoma City 104, Memphis 84 Series tied 3-3

N.H.L. SCORES WEDNESDAY’S LATE GAMES Minnesota 5, Colorado 4, OT Wild wins series, 4-3 Los Angeles 5, San Jose 1 Kings win series 4-3 THURSDAY Montreal 4, Boston 3, 2 OT Canadiens lead series 1-0

N . L . S C O R ES WEDNESDAY’S LATE GAMES Arizona 5, Colorado 4, 10 innings San Francisco 3, San Diego 2 THURSDAY Miami 5, Atlanta 4 Cincinnati 8, Milwaukee 3 Colorado 7, Mets 4

A . L . S C O R ES THURSDAY Tampa Bay 2, Boston 1, 1st game L.A. Dodgers 9, Minnesota 4, 1st game Baltimore 5, Pittsburgh 1, 1st game Seattle 4, Yankees 2 Tampa Bay 6, Boston 5, 2nd game Toronto 7, Kansas City 3 75/ 51 55/ 50 57/ 45 80/ 74 88/ 79 73/ 64 57/ 50 79/ 50 76/ 55 61/ 43 70/ 46 84/ 76 61/ 48 68/ 45 81/ 69 68/ 48 57/ 48 45/ 32 66/ 54 73/ 63 57/ 43 71/ 50 68/ 45

0 0.63 0.18 1.25 0.13 0 0.26 0 0.05 0.06 0 0 0.05 0.12 0 0 0.04 0.04 0 0.12 0.01 0 0

75/ 50 52/ 43 54/ 49 84/ 75 87/ 78 76/ 62 57/ 38 75/ 46 81/ 52 57/ 45 59/ 36 87/ 75 62/ 45 61/ 40 82/ 71 64/ 53 64/ 55 50/ 30 70/ 50 75/ 59 56/ 42 68/ 51 56/ 38


73/ 57 55/ 48 59/ 38 83/ 74 87/ 79 76/ 63 59/ 40 75/ 46 78/ 50 61/ 45 54/ 34 88/ 73 62/ 41 48/ 34 82/ 73 64/ 50 70/ 50 48/ 32 59/ 50 77/ 57 58/ 40 58/ 47 51/ 34


FRIDAY, MAY 2, 2014 10


The Man Behind the Sterling Ruling When N.B.A. Commissioner Adam Silver announced a lifetime ban of the disgraced Los Angeles Clippers owner Donald Sterling and said he would urge the league’s Board Analysis of Governors to vote for a forced sale of the team, Silver was widely hailed for his decisive leadership in defusing a burgeoning crisis. But in tracing the timeline of events that led to the announcement, it is apparent that the league’s response was shaped as much by the influence of a player turned politician who has no official affiliation with the N.B.A. as it was by Silver’s conviction. Kevin Johnson, a former N.B.A. star who is the mayor of Sacramento, was able to channel the growing anger among the league’s players and made it clear the types of steps that needed to be taken to keep the situation from veering out of control. With a long history as a fractious group plagued by infighting, the union has not been normally viewed as having a powerful voice in N.B.A. affairs. But in this instance, the union’s response was notably galvanized from the start, with Chris Paul, the union president, calling Johnson on Saturday soon after an audio recording of Sterling making disparaging remarks about black

Sacramento’s mayor, Kevin Johnson, at a Kings game in 2012, was recruited by Chris Paul, the Clippers’ point guard and union president. STEVE YEATER/ASSOCIATED PRESS

players and people first appeared on the TMZ website. Paul, the Clippers’ point guard, needed someone else to guide the union’s response. He turned to Johnson. In a way, Johnson had almost been looking for such a moment. In an interview several weeks ago with The New York Times, Johnson said he agreed with the assessment that the players union was adrift. At the time, Johnson was calling the league’s top stars, including LeBron James, urging them to imagine a union that could become much more than a collective bargaining agent, one that could demand a seat at the table in confronting the league’s most pressing issues. Suddenly, here was such an issue, but one more charged than

Johnson could have imagined. People inside the union and the league office, who agreed to talk on the condition of anonymity, agreed that Johnson, with Paul’s input, had Silver’s attention almost from the start once Sterling’s comments became public. As the weekend progressed, the person said, Johnson spoke with Silver several times, delivering the message that only decisive action that left Sterling no room for him to remain actively involved with the Clippers would satisfy the union. How much Johnson knew what Silver’s decision was going to be is not known. But Silver’s announcement — which included a reference to Earl Lloyd and other N.B.A. pioneers — went beyond the “minimum” that Johnson had advocated. HARVEY ARATON

In Bid for New Readers, It’s Less Faldo, More Fallon Golf Digest was founded in 1950 and soon became an authoritative voice of the game, swept along by Americans’ migration to suburbia and the popularity of transformative golf figures from Arnold Palmer to Tiger Woods. The magazine flourished on the backs of a devoted cluster of baby boomers. But golf is losing participants in record numbers, and every sector of the game is desperate to attract a more youthful, urban, progressive and irreverent following. On Thursday, in yet another sign of the blossoming initiative to reconstruct golf, Golf Digest, the most august periodical in the sport, revealed the first issue of its reinvented magazine. It contains articles about smoking marijuana on the course, ways to enhance a golf cart with music-busting Bluetooth speakers, a core workout exercise and a single South African golf hole that costs $175 to play but

includes a helicopter ride from the tee to the green. Jimmy Fallon, the new “Tonight Show” host, graces the cover. Inside, he explains that he regularly plays golf but does not keep score. “Golf is my meditation,” Fallon says. There are nearly 26 million golfers in the United States, an oft-tormented, sometimes joyful and typically tradition-bound group that for many years has definitely been keeping score. Not many of them have referred to golf as meditation. “It’s not that hard when you stop thinking about the bad stuff,” Fallon says. Welcome to the new golf. “People perceive golf as a private club for 55-year-old white men,” said Peter Hunsinger, the Golf Digest president. “We have to break down those perceptions to show that there are lots of ways

to enjoy the game. People have to know that there is a golf experience they will like that fits into the golf establishment.” The magazine has been restyled visually with the hope of drawing more attention to new points of emphasis: technology, golf science and statistics. Golf Digest’s leaders frequently talked about providing a product that was “edgy” and had “attitude.” But what of the magazine’s longstanding core constituency? What of the boomers who helped build the Golf Digest empire? “I don’t think we’ll drive anybody away; the risk is minimal,” said Jerry Tarde, the magazine’s longtime editor in chief. “Golf is a big tent, and people will recognize that there are different ways to play the game. We want to prove that we take our golf seriously but not solemnly. It’s all good.” BILL PENNINGTON

In Brief Canucks Fire Coach The Vancouver Canucks fired John Tortorella on Thursday, one year into the fiery coach’s long-term deal. Tortorella, who signed a five-year contract last summer after being dismissed by the Rangers, went 36-35-11 and failed to reach the playoffs. The Canucks’ 25th-place finish in the 30-team N.H.L., their worst in 14 years, came just three seasons after former coach Alain Vigneault led the team to Game 7 of the 2011 Stanley Cup finals. Vigneault replaced Tortorella as coach of the Rangers, who advanced to the second round of the playoffs.(AP) n Pittsburgh’s Sidney Crosby, Anaheim’s Ryan Getzlaf and Philadelphia’s Claude Giroux are finalists for the Hart Memorial Trophy. The N.H.L. announced the finalists Thursday for the trophy, which essentially serves as the league’s M.V.P. award. (AP)

Soccer Event to U.S. The centennial edition of the Copa América, South America’s soccer championship, will be played in the United States in 2016 and include six teams from North America, Central America and the Caribbean, officials announced Thursday. It will be the first time the tournament, the world’s oldest international soccer competition, will be played outside South America. It will take place June 3 to 26 in U.S. cities yet to be announced. (NYT)

Cabrera Grabs Lead Ángel Cabrera finished one shot ahead of Phil Mickelson and Martin Flores in the first round of the Wells Fargo Championship in Charlotte, N.C. Cabrera thrived on the new Bermuda greens at Quail Hollow, with seven birdies and a six-under-par 66. (AP)

Derby Horse Is Injured Bob Baffert is down to one horse for the Kentucky Derby after early 6-1 second choice Hoppertunity was scratched on Thursday because of a sore left front foot. The colt was to have been ridden on Saturday by the Hall of Fame jockey Mike Smith. “The horse is O.K. He’s just not 100 percent and it’s too close to the race, so I pulled the plug,” Baffert said. (AP)


HURREX Citadel Gale 14 Exercise Begins May 5

WASHINGTON (NNS) -- Commander, Navy Installations Command (CNIC) and U.S. Fleet Forces Command (USFF) will jointly conduct the annual hurricane preparedness exercise, HURREX/Citadel Gale 2014, from May 5 - 15 in preparation for the upcoming Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean area hurricane season. The purpose of HURREX/ Citadel Gale 2014 is to prepare the Navy to respond to weather threats to U.S. coastal regions, and to maintain the ability to deploy forces even under the most adverse weather conditions. Tropical storms have the potential can cause great damage to areas they pass over, and the Navy prepares every year to mitigate

that damage. “HURREX/Citadel Gale 2014 provides Navy Regions and Installations the opportunity to exercise and assess their ability to prepare for, respond to, and recover from the threat of a natural disaster, as well as validate Memorandums of Understanding/Agreements with non-federal government partner agencies.” said Bill Clark, CNIC Exercise Program manager. This year’s exercise will consist of two simulated tropical cyclones that will develop and intensify to hurricane strength, and will threaten the Eastern Coast of the U.S., the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean coastal regions. All Navy

commands with personnel in NRMA, NDW, and NRSE, ashore and afloat, in port and underway, will participate, to include reviewing and exercising heavy weather instructions and procedures and accounting for Sailors and Navy families in the affected regions through the Navy Family Accountability and Assessment System (NFAAS). Forward deployed units will not participate in the exercise tracking and warning phase. For exercise preparation, Region Commanders, senior officers present afloat (SOPAs), and SOPA administrators will review disaster preparedness plans and conduct individual and team training. Region Commanders will also conduct pre-exercise

and pre-tropical cyclone season discussions with disaster preparedness officers of subordinate commands to address exercise scenarios, emergency plans, and recovery efforts. The destruction and devastation caused by storms such as Hurricanes Sandy, Irene, and Katrina reinforce the need for proper training and preparedness prior to the threat of a real world natural disaster. There were 13 named storms in 2013, and with the onset of the Atlantic hurricane season June 1, 2014, the Navy remains committed to the safety, security, and wellbeing of its Sailors, civilians, and their family members. From Commander, Navy Installations Command Public Affairs

NBK Recognizes SAPR Victim Advocates

By Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Cory Asato, Navy Public Affairs Support Element West, Det. Northwest

SILVERDALE, Wash. (NNS) -- Naval Base Kitsap’s Fleet and Family Support Center hosted a breakfast to recognize Navy Region Northwest Sailors who serve as Sexual Abuse Prevention and Response (SAPR) victim advocates, April 30. The Sailors were recognized for their dedication and efforts while serving the local Navy community as SAPR advocates. “Each April, during National Sexual Assault Awareness Month, we salute the compassionate people who make a difference in the lives of sexual assault

victims throughout the year,” said Sharlyne Hays, NBK’s Sexual Assault Response coordinator. “Our mission is to offer victims of sexual assault the guidance, stability and companionship that are essential to becoming survivors.” “We are able to accomplish this thanks to the ongoing commitment from these selfless Sailors who serve as credentialed volunteer victim advocates,” said Hays. While the breakfast served as venue to appreciate the hard work of the Sailors present they still ensured that Hays received her due credit.

It’s because of the guidance and mentorship of [Hays] that we can continue to promote the awareness and prevention of sexual assault amongst our shipmates,” said Culinary Specialist 1st Class Jonathan McClellan, and SAPR VA, from Ft. Morgan, Colorado. “It’s a growing, successful endeavor all of us have taken forth to minimize the risk of sexual assault and for every victim to know it is not their fault.” The threat of sexual assault is one of many that can turn the everyday environment for a Sailor hostile and thanks to the strides that these Sailors

have taken, Navy leadership can recognize the change in culture. “These victims are faced with probably the most traumatic, life-changing event to date and although they may not always have the opportunity to give due thanks to our advocates these Sailors are still willing to respond in the middle of the night and even travel across country in the case of a court trial,” said Capt. CJ Carter, NBK’s executive officer, from Beverly, Massachusetts.


Staff Commanding Officer Capt. Daniel Grieco Executive Officer Capt. Jeffrey Craig Public Affairs Officer Lt. Cmdr. Patrick Evans Media Officer Ensign Jack Georges Ensign Courtney Vandament Senior Editor MCC Adrian Melendez Editor MC2 Katie Lash Layout MC3 (SW) Heath Zeigler Rough Rider Contributors Theodore Roosevelt Media MCSN William Spears Command Ombudsman Sabrina Bishop Linda Watford Michelle V. Thomas The Rough Rider is an authorized publication for the crew of USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71). Contents herein are not necessarily the views of, or endorsed by, the U.S. government, Department of Defense, Department of the Navy or the Commanding Officer of TR. All items for publication in The Rough Rider must be submitted to the editor no later than three days prior to publication. Do you have a story you’d like to see in the Rough Rider? Contact the Media Department at (757) 443-7419 or stop by 3-180-0-Q.


WHAT’S ON underway movie schedule


Ch. 66


May 2, 2014

Ch. 67

Ch. 68









































*Movie schedule is subject to change.

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