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Martin Mak, Xixia Wang and Ivy Liu This coursebook is specifically for the Cambridge IGCSE® Mandarin as a Foreign Language syllabus (0547), for examination from 2015, to ensure comprehensive syllabus coverage. With a skills-based approach, the coursebook and audio CD focus on building language and cultural understanding that students will retain beyond the scope of the examination. Key features: • Engaging activities, images and audio help learners develop skills in a practical and natural way • The book comes with an audio CD that encourages students to practise their listening skills • All content is in Mandarin, with English and pinyin used in places to give extra support for teachers and students • Exam-style questions and clear learning objectives promote selfassessment and help build confidence with language Other components in this series: Coursebook Cambridge Elevate edition Workbook Teacher’s book

978-1-316-62986-4 978-1-316-62989-5 978-1-316-62990-1

Completely Cambridge – Cambridge resources for Cambridge qualifications Cambridge University Press works with Cambridge International Examinations and experienced authors, to produce high-quality endorsed textbooks and digital resources that support Cambridge teachers and encourage Cambridge learners worldwide. To find out more about our resources, visit education.cambridge.org/cie

Cambridge IGCSE® Mandarin as a Foreign Language Coursebook

9781316629840 Mak, Wang and Liu: Cambridge IGCSE Mandarin as a Foreign Language Coursebook Cover C M Y K

Cambridge IGCSE® Mandarin as a Foreign Language Coursebook

Martin Mak, Xixia Wang and Ivy Liu

Cambridge IGCSE®

Mandarin as a Foreign Language

Coursebook

Supports the full syllabus for examination from 2015 Has passed Cambridge’s rigorous quality-assurance process Developed by subject experts For Cambridge schools worldwide

Original material © Cambridge University Press 2017


Martin Mak, Xixia Wang and Ivy Liu

Cambridge IGCSEÂŽ

Mandarin as a Foreign Language Coursebook

Original material Š Cambridge University Press 2017


University Printing House, Cambridge CB2 8BS, United Kingdom One Liberty Plaza, 20th Floor, New York, NY 10006, USA 477 Williamstown Road, Port Melbourne, VIC 3207, Australia 4843/24, 2nd Floor, Ansari Road, Daryaganj, Delhi – 110002, India 79 Anson Road, #06–04/06, Singapore 079906 Cambridge University Press is part of the University of Cambridge. It furthers the University's mission by disseminating knowledge in the pursuit of education, learning and research at the highest international levels of excellence. Information on this title: www.cambridge.org © Cambridge University Press 2017 This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press. First published 2017 20

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Printed in the United Kingdom by Latimer Trend A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library ISBN 978-131-662358-9 Coursebook with Audio CDs (2) Additional resources for this publication at www.cambridge.org/ Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate. Information regarding prices, travel timetables, and other factual information given in this work is correct at the time of first printing but Cambridge University Press does not guarantee the accuracy of such information thereafter. NOTICE TO TEACHERS IN THE UK It is illegal to reproduce any part of this work in material form (including photocopying and electronic storage) except under the following circumstances:

(i) where you are abiding by a licence granted to your school or institution by the Copyright Licensing Agency; (ii) where no such licence exists, or where you wish to exceed the terms of a licence, and you have gained the written permission of Cambridge University Press; (iii) where you are allowed to reproduce without permission under the provisions of Chapter 3 of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, which covers, for example, the reproduction of short passages within certain types of educational anthology and reproduction for the purposes of setting examination questions.

Original material © Cambridge University Press 2017


Contents Introduction Acknowledgements

v vi

11

xué xiào shēnɡ huó

学校 生 活 12

Unit A Everyday activities

Greetings and introductions 2

Family and pets

3

5

饮食

公共服务与海关

54

jū shēnɡ huó

家居 生 活

Unit D The world of work ɡōnɡ zuò yǔ zhí yè ɡuī huà

65

18

工作经验

fu

衣服

75

19

85

20

jū zhù huán jìnɡ

184

Future education and career plans wèi lái xué yè hé zhí yè ɡuī huà

未来学业和职业规划

Living environment

居住环境

Applying for a job

申请工作

mǎi dōnɡ xi

176

shēn qǐnɡ ɡōnɡ zuò

Shopping

买东西

Work experience ɡōnɡ zuò jīnɡ yàn

Clothes yī

10

163

工作与职业规划

Home life jiā

9

Public services and customs

Health and fitness

健康与运动

8

154

ɡōnɡɡònɡ fú wù yǔ hǎi ɡuān

jiàn kānɡ yǔ yùn dònɡ

7

144

Holidays: Planning a trip

旅游计划

个人与社会 6

Holidays: Travel experiences

lǚ yóu jì huà

17

ɡè rén yǔ shè huì

135

lǚ yóu jīnɡ lì

40

Unit B Personal and social life

126

Transportation

旅游经历 16

yǐn shí

qì hòu

交通工具

29

Eating and drinking

jiāo tōnɡ ɡōnɡ jù

15

ài hǎo

爱好

tiān qì

20

Hobbies

Weather and climate

天气与气候 14

wǒ de měi yì tiān

4

周游世界

11

Everyday life

我的每一天

zhōu yóu shì jiè

13

jiā tínɡ hé chǒnɡ wù

家庭和 宠 物

115

Unit C The world around us

wèn hòu yǔ jiè shào

2

School facilities

学校设施

日 常 活动

问候与介绍

105

xué xiào shè shī

rì chánɡ huó dònɡ

1

School routine

95

Original material © Cambridge University Press 2017

191


Unit E

23

International world ɡuó jì

shì yě

Zhōnɡ ɡuó jié

国际视野 21

24

Interviewing Chinese celebrities

Learning Chinese as a foreign language

学中文

200 25

Technology and social media jì

215

xué Zhōnɡ wén

采访名人 kē

中 国节日

cǎi fǎnɡ mínɡ rén

22

Chinese festivals

yǔ shè jiāo méi tǐ

科技与社交媒体

Saving the planet jiù jiù

208

224

dì qiú

救救地球

Original material © Cambridge University Press 2017

233


Introduction Martin Mak, Xixia Wang, Ivy Liu

Why was this book written?

We have written this book to provide material to cover the Cambridge IGCSE Mandarin Chinese as a Foreign Language syllabus (0547). In addition to this, the book will help you to develop your communication skills in Mandarin; materials have been written based on real-life contexts, and real-life materials have been chosen in order to give you a taste of culture along with language.

How is the book organized?

The book has 25 chapters, grouped under the five topic areas in the 0547 syllabus: Everyday Activities, Personal and Social Life, The World Around Us, The World of Work and International Word. Each topic area has 3-7 sub-topics, each of which constitutes a chapter, and you will find material to cover listening, reading, speaking and writing under each sub-topic. This book has been written for beginners. Therefore, from Chapter 1 to 5, pinyin and English meaning for rubrics are provided. However, they are gradually reduced in the later chapters and there will be no pinyin and English meanings for the rubrics to enable you to reach the appropriate standards needed at IGCSE level.

How should you use this book?

You will need to take an active role in your learning. Following the sequence of our activities will reinforce your language learning and expand your Mandarin vocabulary to help you become a more fluent reader. We introduce sentence structures in each chapter to help you improve your writing. It is important that you complete all the exercises as they will help you develop your communication skills in Chinese. We have also written a Workbook, which contains further activities to help you to develop and consolidate what you learn in this Coursebook.

Original material © Cambridge University Press 2017


Acknowledgements The authors and publishers acknowledge the following sources of copyright material and are grateful for the permissions granted. While every effort has been made, it has not always been possible to identify the sources of all the material used, or to trace all copyright holders.  If any omissions are brought to our notice, we will be happy to include the appropriate acknowledgements on reprinting.

vi

Chapter Opener 1 Multi-bits/Getty Images; Caspar Benson/ Getty Images; paresh3d/Getty Images; Larry Bray/Getty Images; kool99/Getty Images; Gilmanshin/Getty Images; TBC; Rob Lewine/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 2 Todd Pearson/Getty Images; Inti St Clair/Getty Images; TBC; Mary Grace Long/ Getty Images; Inti St Clair/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 3 Cheryl Chan/Getty Images; TBC; Juice Images/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 4 Maria Jauregui Ponte/Getty Images; Michael S. Yamashita/Getty Images; Lane Oatey/Getty Images; K-King Photography Media Co. Ltd/Getty Images; Grant Faint/Getty Images; Cole Burston/Toronto Star/Getty Images; Sovfoto/UIG/ Getty Images; Hero Images/Getty Images; wonry/Getty Images; Pat Behnke/Alamy Stock Photo; Christian Kober/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 5 Jasper James/Getty Images; image supplied by authors; Nikolay Pozdeev/Getty Images; monticelllo/Getty Images; Johner Images/Getty Images; Steve Wisbauer/Getty Images; milanfoto/Getty Images; Judd Pilossof/Getty Images; Atw Photography/Getty Images; Carlos Gawronski/Getty Images; Joakim Leroy/Getty Images; kyoshino/Getty Images; images supplied by authors; Chapter Opener 6 James Ross/ Getty Images; Sino Images/Getty Images; S.P.O/Getty Images; TBC; Robert E Daemmrich/Getty Images; BriAnna Shultz/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 7 Alberto Manuel Urosa Toledano/ Getty Images; images supplied by authors; Chapter Opener 8 Michael Möller / EyeEm/Getty Images; Ikonica/Getty Images; image supplied by authors; Chapter Opener 9 Sean Malyon/ Getty Images; images supplied by authors; TBC; Devonyu/Getty Images; TBC; TBC; Chapter Opener 10 Michael H/Getty Images; Hans Neleman/Getty Images; RosaIreneBetancourt 6/Alamy Stock Photo; Ed Jones/AFP/Getty Images; Michael Coyne/Getty Images; Matthew Ecker/Alamy Stock Photo; Craig Auckland/ Getty Images; Stefano Oppo/Getty Images; Ernest Lee / EyeEm/ Getty Images; images supplied by authors; Nelson Ching/ Bloomberg/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 11 NYstudio/Getty Images; Great Art Productions/Getty Images; Hero Images/Getty Images; Pulati/VCG/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 12 Uko_ Jesita/Getty Images; ColorBlind Images/Getty Images; thelinke/ Getty Images; Image Source/Getty Images; Spaces Images/ Getty Images; Werner OTTO/ullstein bild/Getty Images; image

supplied by authors; TBC; Chapter Opener 13 lakemans/Getty Images; Naoki Mutai/Getty Images; Samuel D. Barricklow/Getty Images; Damocless/Getty Images; Yiu Yu Hoi/Getty Images; Tom Merton/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 14 Cultura RM Exclusive/ Philip Lee Harvey/Getty Images; urbancow/Getty Images; Gary Conner/Getty Images; TAMVISUT/Getty Images; William Ju/Getty Images; image supplied by authors; Zhang Peng/ LightRocket/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 15 Topic Images Inc/Getty Images; Glenn Sundeen - TigerPal/Getty Images; SteveAllenPhoto/Getty Images; Tom Bonaventure/Getty Images; inigoarza/Getty Images; Marcel Lam/Getty Images; Juan Camilo Bernal Photographer/Getty Images; superjoseph/ Getty Images; Pawel Libera/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 16 Jamie Grill/Getty Images; inigoarza/Getty Images; Juan Camilo Bernal Photographer/Getty Images (repeats x 2); Glenn Sundeen - TigerPal/Getty Images; Christian Kober/Getty Images (repeats x 4); Sebastiaan Kroes/Getty Images; TBC; Caiaimage/Robert Daly/Getty Images; Kimberley Coole/Getty Images (repeats x 1) Michael Coyne/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 17 Joanna Czerniawski / EyeEm/Getty Images; TBC; image supplied by authors; Chapter Opener 18 Peter Durant/Getty Images; TBC; TBC; Chapter Opener 19 Jamie Grill/Getty Images; Inti St Clair/ Getty Images; XiXinXing/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 20 Nick Daly/Getty Images; Barry Winiker/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 21 Mihajlo Maricic/Getty Images; Ragnar Singsaas/Getty Images; Lisa Blumenfeld/Getty Images; Bertrand Rindoff Petroff/Getty Images; Walter McBridge/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 22 pixelnest/Getty Images; Simon Dawson/Bloomberg/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 23 Pan Hong/Getty Images; Lucas Schifres/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 24 Ferdi Merkx, E-inMotion/Getty Images; Grant Faint/Getty Images; XiXinXing/Getty Images; TBC; Xinhua/Getty Images; Chapter Opener 25 Julija Svetlova / EyeEm/Getty Images; baona/Getty Images; Atlaspix/ Shutterstock (repeats x2); Cividin/Shutterstock; Rawpixel. com/Shutterstock; Andrey_Popov/Shutterstock; ValeStock/ Shutterstock; IxMaster/Shutterstock; pio3/Shutterstock; LanKS/Shutterstock; omphotoShutterstock (repeats x 1); LdF/Getty Images (repeats x 1); nevodka/Shutterstock; Nixx Photography/Shutterstock; Karin Hildebrand Lau/Shutterstock; Prasit Chansareekorn/Getty Images; Christian Kober/Getty Images; Chris Tobin/Getty Images; Yongyuan Dai/Getty Images; UrbanEye/Getty Images; Aigars Reinholds/Shutterstock; Fotocrisis/Shutterstock; Travel Ink/Getty Images; Science Photo Library/Getty Images; Umberto Shtanzman/Shutterstock; Woods Wheatcroft/Getty Images; Benchaporn Maiwat/ Shutterstock; China Photos/Getty Images.

Original material © Cambridge University Press 2017


jiā

tínɡ

chǒnɡ wù

词语和宠物 家庭

练习 :Translate the sentences into Chinese. English Subject Activity Repeat 多长时 the verb 间 /phrases

cí yǔ

2 Fam男ily and pets VOCABULARY

k o o b s i h t e s u o t How 1

2 3 4

5

nán

male

女 爱好 会

female

ài hào

hobbies

huì

电影

can, to have the ability to do something

diàn yǐng

Learning1 objectives 陈月 :

学习目标

film, movie; 看 电

影 to watch a film/ movie

This unit will concentrate nǐ jiā on yǒutalking jǐ kǒu rén about self, family 6 and pets. In diàn shì TV; 本单元,你会 : particular, you will:

你电视 家有几口人?

• Introduce yourself with more 7 personal information

逛街

看 电 视 to

• Introduce your family members 8 •

• dòng 介绍你的朋友 yùn sport

上网 Talk about friends 9 运动 2 陈月 : 10 多长时间 Talk about pets tā men shì shuí

• Understand and complete conversations 11with more question words, e.g. 几,有没有,

他小时 们是谁? 12 分钟

of duration

做运 做 动

多长时 间?

How long do you do sport?

睡觉 睡

八个小 时。

I sleep for eight hours.

Before starting activities How long – simple tasks to help you revise and build on prior cí yǔ do you go knowledge. 词语 online? VOCABULARY yī wēn ɡù

zhī

I read a book for half an hour.

xīn

一 温故yé知 新 grandpa 1 爷爷 ye 12 奶奶 ‘Before nǎi nai starting’ grandma activities

watch TV

张文 : guàng jiē • 继续学习自我介绍 to go shopping; 逛 to stroll • 介绍家庭成员 shàng wǎng to go online

in the activity

11

wén dāofpèi qǐ lái possession 的 bǎ Zhōnɡdewén hé Yīnɡparticle 、 一 。 把 中 文 和 英 文 搭 配 起 Subject Verb 多长 的 Object 来English in thethe Chinese the 1 Match 时间 with theinEnglish.

3 yī

• 说说你的宠物 duō cháng shí how long a time jiān • 使用更多的疑问词,例如 xiǎo shí hour “几” 、 “有没有” 、 “是不是” , cí yǔ clock fēn zhōng minute; 来理解和完成交流 钟 张文 :

activity

yǔ fǎ xīnɡ qī yī

语 你 做一 例法 :星期 GRAMMAR

( A ) 多长

nàself shì-introduction nǐ de jiě for jie Wang mɑ Xiaoyun. Learning objectives and complete the When answering the questions, you should replacenǐthe shì 多 nǎ ɡuó rén 那 是 你 的 姐 姐 吗 ? – set the scene of each chapter, with liǎng nián• 你是哪国人? 1 2 ,我姓 ,我叫 help 。 navigation 你好 张文 through the book andwith givephrases a reminder of what is 年 important nǐ years, zhù zài : nǎr of。 duration, e.g. 两 two 4 我 3 长时间 岁。我是 人 • 你 住 在 哪儿? about each topic. wǔ tiān yí gè xiǎo shí 5 。 days, 我住在五天 five 一个小时 one hour.

The tables below show you how the sentences work. Follow 5 陈月 : the examples and complete the rest of the sentences liù tīnɡ lì according to the English meanings. nǐ yǒu jǐ ɡè xiōnɡ dì jiě mèi

wén huà

文化 CULTURE

你有几个 兄 弟姐妹?

Zhōng ɡuó rén de xìnɡ mínɡ

For example, 王小云’s family name is 王 and her 6 陈月 : first name is 小云 . In English, however, she would be called ‘Xiaoyun Wang’. zhè shì nǐ de māo mɑ

这是你的猫吗?

shuō huà

èr

Culture 五 说话 ( 二 ) –5interesting facts of Chinese culture. Speaking (2)

1jí 8:00tīnɡAMlù yīn 2 6:15 PM 4 11:20 5 3:45 PM 五个学 生 在谈他们的国籍。 听AM 录音, cí yǔ士 , 选择唯一 正 确的答小 案贴 词 语将字母填入方 TOP TIP xuǎn zé wéi

同学 1

yī zhènɡ què de

àn

jiānɡ zì

mǔ tián rù fānɡ

五点一刻

A2:vii 现在三点半 jù xínɡ

句型 LANGUAGE

Declarative sentences (3)

When talking about date sentences without using

15

e.g. 今天星期二。T

In English, ‘is’ should be u in Chinese, 是 can be om

练习: Now, translate th

1 It’s Monday tomorrow 2 It’s 5:00 now.

陈海

E

1

王明

2

4

How afternoon, PM to use this book

田 中 3 马丽 4 李山 Unit A 2 Everyday activities: Family and pets

yǔ chóng xīn

四 、 把词语 重 新排

B 印度人 – quick further improve your language. 4 suggestions kè to help you quarter 刻 C 中国人 D 日本人 5 上午 shàng wǔ morning, AM time

Q2: 现在几点?

A 英国人

下午 xià wǔ 7 时间 shí jiān Wángmíng Tián zhōng Mǎ Press lì Lǐ shān Original material University 2017 Chén hǎi © Cambridge

年龄 国籍 城市

31

When reading Chinese, read the characters very carefully and to to ensure o’clock you do not muddle 的 Five students are talking about their nationalities. Listen 1watch diǎn 点out for ‘I/my’ , ‘she/her’ ‘they/their’ . andput the recording, choose the only correct answer and the fēn minute letter in the张文 box. CD :01, Track 032 分 3 半 bàn half Top tip

E 马来西亚人 6

明天

A1: 今天星期二

VOCABULARY

格中。

duì huà

Q1: 今天星期几

Unit A 4 Francomag Everyday activities: Hobbies 1: Mon quotidien

ɡé zhōnɡ

Interview two of your classmates and record the information in the table below.

xiǎo tiē shì

3 7:30 AM

de

Replace the underlin boxes and practise t

昨天

六 听力 Aim higher 2 Write the time in Chinese. 7 Listening 6 – to challenge yourself a little bit more.

cǎi fǎnɡ hé tián biǎo

采访和填表。

的 词语 e.g. VOCABULARY 延 伸活 动 a 。This is my cat. AIM这是我的猫 HIGHER xīng qī week 星期 b 这只猫是我的。This cat is mine. Where can we put the time phrases? Try to translate this However, often be omitted where the two nouns sentence into Chinese: 的 can have a close relationship. For example, 我爸爸 = ‘I sleep forxiěten every èr chūhours xià miàn de day.’ shí jiān my father, = my elder sister, 我妈妈 = my 二 、 写我姐姐 出 下 面 的 时 间。 mum.

练习对话。 3

yán shēn huó dònɡ

wǔ ɡè xué sheng zài tán tā men de ɡuó

When Chinese people introduce themselves, they give their family name first, followed by their given name.

liàn xí

的 运动?

张文 :

中 国人的姓名 Chinese Names

yònɡ fānɡ ɡé

activity

How long do you do 时间jīn tiān 是不是 xīnɡ qī èr zuó tiān sport? 词语 词语 Use of 的 1 星 ( ) 2 今天 ( ) 3 昨天 ( ) 期 二 VOCABULARY VOCABULARY for 你还会学到 : In addition, you are going to learn: 你 唱 五个 的 歌。 Iqīsleep xīnɡ qī wǔ Meaningmínɡ tiān tiān Pronouns/ Possessive xīnɡMeaning eight hours. 7 是 shì to be (am, is, are) tóng xué 4nouns classmate 5 明天 ( ) 6 星期天 ( ) 同学 jù xínɡ 星期五 ( ) 小时 • The measure words: 3 陈月 :个,口,岁, How long 句 型 xīnɡ qí jǐ jīn nián mínɡ nián 8 哪 • nǎ which 只 量词 :个、口、岁、只 my, mine 我星期几 (I ) 8 今年 我的 do you 7 9 ( ) ( )go LANGUAGE 明 年 nǐ yǒu dì di mɑ 9 •国 The differenceguó between 二 and 两 country hǎo cí hǎo jù •“二”和“两”的区别 You your, yours online? qù nián 你 你的 你 有two 弟弟吗? 词好句 10 •人 There are answering 好 rén person, and people Declarative sentences (2): ways of asking 多长时间 10 去年 ( )He I read a his USEFUL EXPRESSIONS • 陈述句(2): “有”的用法 我有一个哥哥 他 他的 11 住 live the Verb in the activity +张文 Subject + Activity +torepeat 多: 1 zhù book for A Monday B Friday C Tuesday nǐ xìnɡ shén me She her/hers • Use of 的 •“的”的用法 她 她的 half an D Sunday E Today F This year 长时间 • 你姓什么? hour. Last year We H Next year I our/ours Yesterday how long does it take to do something. nǐ jiào shén me mínɡ zì G我们 means 我们的 qǐnɡ ɡēn jù shànɡ miàn de biǎo ɡé tián kòng èr K What day of the week is it? • 你叫什么名字?J Tomorrow Subject + Verb in 空 the。 activity + 多长时间 二 、请根据 面: 的表 格填 4 2上 的 + Unit 陈月 Unit A 2 +Everyday activities: A : 2 Family and pets possession, the structure is 的 shows nǐ duō dà 2 According to the information above, fill in the gaps Object in the activity cí yǔ • 你多大? + noun (pro)noun + cí yǔ

sān

三 、 用方格里的词

Put the words into t 1 2 3 4 5

早上 / 九点 晚上 / 做作业 我 / 放学 / 每 我们 / 吃饭 妈妈 / 两点


VOCABULARY

ɡē ge

1

兄弟姐妹

xiōng dì jiě mèi

2

mèi mei hé wǒ

哥哥、妹妹和我。

brothers and sisters horse

wǒ jiā yǒu qī kǒu rén

B

我家有七口人。

C

这是我的猫。

zhè shì wǒ de māo

wēn ɡù

zhī

xīn

nà bú shì wǒ jiě jie

nà shì wǒ mèi mei

yǔ fǎ D 那不是我姐姐,那 句型wēn ɡù zhī xīn 一 温故知新 语是 法我妹妹。 yī yī wēn ɡù zhī xīn wǒ yǒu yí ɡè ɡē ge yí ɡè mèi mei GRAMMAR yǔ yǔ fǎ fǎ 一LANGUAGE 温故知新 1 ‘Before starting’ activities E 语 我法 有一个哥哥,一个妹妹。 yī e.g. 我有一个哥哥 dú yì dú xiě yì。xiě Declarative sentences (2), 吗 is a ‘yes-or-no’ question indicator. When asking a wǒ méi yǒu dì di 1 ‘Before starting’ activities GRAMMAR ‘yes-or-no’ question, you just need to add 吗 at the end 一 、读一 读、写一写。 F GRAMMAR 。 jù xínɡ

我没有弟弟 吗

有 is a verb to indicate what the subject has. This 一the、sentence, 读一读 写没 一. 写。qǐnɡ xiě chū wǔ ɡè we、 add

of the sentence. is a ‘yes-or-no’ question indicator. When asking a yīyī dú yìyì dú xiě xiě dúcan xiě1 yìyì xiě Read subject bedúa person, a place or an To negate theobject. questions and write down your answers.

12 12

viii

10

question, you e.g. just 你是中国人吗 need to add 吗 at the ?end cí yǔ 九 写作 jiā tínɡ chénɡyuán deof‘yes-or-no’ the sentence. 自我评估 1 e.g. Read the questions and write down your answers. 1 请 。 写出Writing 五个家庭 成 员的词语 吗 sentences can also be replaced by 是不是 or 9 yuán e.g. 你是中国人吗? qǐnɡ de qǐnɡ xiě xiě chū chū wǔ wǔ ɡè ɡè jiā jiā tínɡ tínɡ chénɡ chénɡ yuán de cícífiveyǔ yǔwords for family members. Write down Self-Assessment patterns. a 我有一个哥哥。I have 一 one、elder brother. 有没有 你的老师想了解一下你将来的计 1 请写出五个家庭 成 员的 。 词 语 。请看一看下面的电邮 ,吗 。 also be □ sentences can replaced by 是不是 or about an alumnus of 给老师回信 划not I can read an interview article b 我没有兄弟姐妹。 I do have brothers or e.g. 你是不是中国人? Are you Chinese? Write down five words for qǐnɡ family members. a school sisters. patterns. xiě chū nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén tā men shì shuí 有没有 □ I can read a dialogue of two students talking about 2 请写出你家有几口人,他们是谁? e.g. 你是不是中国人? Are you Chinese? their future education plans Grammar qǐnɡ rén tā men shuí qǐnɡ xiě xiě chū chū nǐ nǐ jiā jiā yǒu yǒu jǐjǐ kǒu kǒu rén down tā how men shì shì shuí people there are in your Language Write many èr □ Itián biǎo chénɡ jù ziabout dream jobs listen towán conversations 2 请写出你家有几口 , ? ↕ 人 他 们是 family and who they – clearcan grammatical rules are given with examples. – all the sentence structures you need to谁are. know. 、填 □ I can表 ask, and完 answer questions 二 成句 子。about future plans “zhang.ming@chineseschool.cn From: Ms Zhang Write downMandarin how many people there areLanguage in your Cambridge IGCSE as a Foreign ,他们是 □ zizi I can write about my future plans èr tián jù 我家有 口人 “xiaoyun.li@chineseschool.cn èr tián biǎo biǎo 、wán wán chénɡ chénɡ jù To: Xiaoyun Li 2 Complete the sentences in the table. Then read the family and who they are. Use phrase after the verb Vocabulary 。of an adverbial 、 你将来的计划 ……。 二 、填表,完 成 句□子sentences Subject: aloud or work in pairs to practise them as Exam-style question , 、 □ Measure words: and 所 我家有 口人 他们是 家 dialogues. – Chinese characters, pinyin and English meanings 2 areComplete the sentences in the table. Then read the questions such asthem and 是不是 ? jù xínɡ – work to□help you consolidate what you have learnt in the 好不好 cí yǔ……。 李小云同学 : 、 most sentences aloud or inTag pairs to practise as ? provided for the important words in each topic. Yes No xiǎo tiē shì 吗 是不是 or 句型 词语 dialogues. unit. 你好!我下个星期五会跟你爸爸 question 小yǔ贴士 LANGUAGE VOCABULARY 妈妈见面。我要跟他们说一说你 有没有 pattern 2 cí cí yǔ Yes No TOP TIP or 吗 是不是 词语 , 将来的计划。请给我写一封电邮 Declarative sentences (1) 考试练习题 1 out 这是 这是不是 这是 这不是 jiāsingle tíng : family question 家庭 Chinese characters are made of simple VOCABULARY pattern 有没有 信里说说 VOCABULARY Mary ? Mary. Mary. Mary ? Exam style question 吗 strokes, all of which are variations basicfamily, home There?are 2 家of only jiā 1 eight different structures of declarative sentences 你明年要学习哪些科目 为什 12 1 家庭 这是 这是不是 这是 这不是 jiā tíng tofamily ones. It is very important learn to recognize them, ? depending on what kind那是姐 of verbs are那 used. 1 姐 么ba 那 2 那 3 听力 3 爸爸 bà dad Mary. Mary. Mary 吗? Mary ? since the of strokes in2a character is 2 counting jiānumberfamily, home 家 ? 姐? 。 ?为什么? 姐吗 姐姐 姐姐。 你准备上大学吗 Listening 4 1 Subject + 是 + Object often the easiest way to find it in妈妈 an index.mā ma mum 11 22 33 那是姐 姐 那 那 3 你将来要做什么工作 3 爸爸 bà ba ?为什 那 dad 你有哥 你有没有哥 我有哥 我没有 5 哥哥 gē ge elder brother 。I am姐姐 Chinese. 对一个在中国的新闻记者陈一心的采访 ? 我是中国人 。 姐吗e.g. 姐? 姐姐。 哥。 么? 4 妈妈 mā ma 198mum ? 哥? 哥吗 哥哥。 hěn An interview with a news reporter in China elder sister sān yònɡ kuò hào lǐ de cí 6 yǔ 姐姐 fān yì jù jiězijie 你有哥 你有没有哥 我有哥 我没有 2 Subject Verb + 很 + Stative 5 哥哥 gē ge elder brother 6 你有宠 你 4 宠。 我 5 。谢谢! 三 、 用括号里的词7语翻 写不少于 个汉字 译句 子di。 150 dì younger brother 请先阅读一下问题。 弟弟 ? 哥? 哥吗 哥。 哥哥 ? acts ?a stative verb. 宠物。 。 In Chinese, an adjective often as 6 姐姐 jiě jie elder sister 物吗 物 宠物 张老师 上 Read the questions first. 3 Translate the sentences Chinese,mèi using the younger key 8 into mei sister 妹妹 66 44 55to indicate 你有宠 你 宠 我 These stative verbs are usually used 7 words dì di in the younger brackets.brother 弟弟provided 9 有 yǒu to have ? 物rather ? than请听采访,用中文或拼音回答问题。 。, 物吗statuses 宠物 cíactions. yǔ e.g. 好 忙 ,宠物 高兴。。 8 妹妹 mèi mei younger sister Listen to the interview, and answer the questions in Chinese. 1 We are busy. 词 语 ( jǐ忙 ) 10 几 how many When using a stative verb, should NOT used characters or pinyin. You may是 write your answersbe in Chinese 9 有 yǒu to have VOCABULARY yǔ CDwe 02,usually Track 31use 很 before in a sentence. Rather, 11 口 kǒu measure word cícífor yǔ family 词语stative verbs, although does not necessarily 10 2几She is tall. jǐ how many ( 高 ) members 很 zhè this 1 1陈一心为什么想做记者 这 ? VOCABULARY VOCABULARY mean ‘very’. 11 3口He is happy. kǒu measure word for family 好词好句 ( 高兴 ) 2 nà that 那 members USEFUL EXPRESSIONS 1 这 zhè this e.g. 我很高兴 。I’m happy. bǔ chōnɡ cí yǔ 2 3陈一心的爸妈觉得他应该找一份怎么 没有 méi yǒu not to have; same as 没 4 She is fine. (好 ) 补 充 词语 • 我打算以后上大学 。我要到中国的大 2 那 nà that 4 chǒng wù pet ? 宠物 样的工作 SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY bǔ ,我将来要成为一个 bǔ chōnɡ chōnɡ cí cí yǔ yǔ 学学习中国文学 3 没有 méi yǒu not to have; same as 没 补 充 词语 。 作家 4 宠物 yuán member cí yǔ chǒng wù pet 成员 chéng SUPPLEMENTARY SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY VOCABULARY 3 为什么陈一心以前来中国读书? • 我很喜欢小动物,我想成为一个兽医, 词 语 a 可以治疗生病的宠物。 VOCABULARY 成员 chéng yuán member • 英文很重要,因为在国外读书,英文 b 1 忙 máng busy 一定要好,而且可以交到新朋友。 4 陈一心在中国有什么有趣的事情? Supplementary vocabulary 2 高 gāo tall, high – extra vocabulary and idioms help you gain a native flair. ‘yes-or-no’ question, you just need to add

at the end

Cambridge IGCSE Mandarin as a Foreign Language

Cambridge IGCSE Mandarin as a Foreign Language

wǒ pínɡ ɡū

Cambridge IGCSE Mandarin as a Foreign Language

自我评估 Self-Assessment

□ I can use the basic numbers □ I can use greeting phrases when meeting friends □ I can talk about countries and continents □ I can ask questions using question words including

吗,什么,哪,哪儿

□ Pronouns 你,我,他 □ Plural

□ Declarative sentences, e.g. 我是中国人。我很好。

Cambridge IGCSE Mandarin as a Foreign Language

Cambridge IGCSE Mandarin as a Foreign Language

Original material © Cambridge University Press 2017

Self-assessment – to check your understanding at the end of each chapter.


zhù

huán

jìng

居住环境

t n e m n o r i v n e g 10  Livin

学习目标

Learning objectives

95

This unit will concentrate on vocabulary to describe your living environment. You will:

本单元你会 :

• Listen to and read descriptions about living environments

• 阅读和听到关于居住环境 的描述

• Read a map in Chinese and ask for/give directions

• 用中文指路、问路

• Write about your living environment

• 写一写你的居住环境

In addition, you are going to learn:

你还会学到 :

• Localizers (2): 东方,北边

• 方位词���2):东方、北边

• Prepositions (1): 在,从,到 to express location/direction

• 介词(1):在、从、到

• Simple directional complements: 来,去

• 趋向动词 :来、去

• Sentence structure: ……离…… + adjective

• 句型 :……离…… + 形容词

Unit B  10  Personal and social life: Living environment Francomag 1: Mon quotidien Original material © Cambridge University Press 2017


一 温故知新 1 ‘Before starting’ activities

小贴士 

一 、请在适当的地方填写正确的答 案。

For intermediate directions, ‘north’ or ‘south’ comes first in English but second in Chinese, e.g. 东南 (southeast) and 西北 (northwest).

1

TOP TIP

Write the correct directions around the compass below.

语法

东 西北 北 东南 南 西南 东北 西

GRAMMAR

方向

Localizers (2) 1 To refer to the ‘northern part’ or ‘western part’, the character 方 is used, e.g. 东方, 南方, 西方 and 北方. 2 Putting a direction before the character 边 has a similar meaning to 方, e.g. 北京的西边 ‘the west side of Beijing’, 学校的东边 ‘the east

side of the school’. Another character, 面, has the same function. For example, 东边 and 东面 are interchangeable. 3 There is no 中边 for ‘middle’ or ‘in the centre’, just 中间。 96

二 、请看表格,回答问题。 2

词语

Read the table, and answer the questions.

一个在北京的商场

VOCABULARY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

北 东 东北 东边 东南 南 西 西北 西方 西南 方向

五楼 四楼 三楼 二楼 一楼

běi

north

dōng

east

dōng běi

northeast

dōng biān

the east side

dōng nán

southeast

nán

south

west

xī běi

northwest

xī fāng

the west

1

xī nán

southwest

2

fāng xiàng

directions

日常用品店 时装店 服装店 文具店 西餐厅

词语 VOCABULARY

3 4

楼上 楼下

lóu shàng

upstairs/one floor up

lóu xià

时装店 钢笔

shí zhuāng diàn

downstairs/one floor down boutique

gāng bǐ

fountain pen

Cambridge IGCSE Mandarin as a Foreign Language Original material © Cambridge University Press 2017


例 :买薯条要到一楼的西餐厅。 1 小美想买一条裙子,可以去 楼的 。 2

王明要买一支钢笔,他要去

楼的

。 3 4

要吃热狗要去 楼的 在文具店,可以买到 、

5 6

。 、

二 阅读(一) 2 Reading (1) 请看图回答问题 , 选择“是”或“非”。 Read the map below and choose ‘true’ or ‘false’ for each sentence.

王城小区的设施

从服装店到楼上,是 时装店在 的楼下。

语法 GRAMMAR

Prepositions (1): 1 2

在、从、到

在 is very similar to the English preposition ‘in’ or ‘at’, e.g. 在文具店 ‘in the stationery shop’. 从……到……is similar to ‘from ... to ...’ in English. It can express time or direction in Chinese, e.g. a 从十二点到一点我们在餐厅吃 饭。 From twelve to one o’clock we have lunch at a restaurant. b 从南到北 from south to north

练习 :Translate the following sentences into

English.

fēi

1 2

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

       

       

词语 VOCABULARY

坐飞机 (plane) 从上海到北京要两个 多小时。 在小吃店可以买汉堡包和咖啡。 zuò gōng chē

3

1

非 体育场在北边。 电影院的对面是公园。 广场在图书馆的旁边。 医院的附近是体育场。 图书馆的东边是公园。 图书馆在警察局的南边。 公园在小区的中心。 广场的北边是医院。

从你家到饭馆可以坐公车 (take a bus)。

1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9

设施 电影院 体育场 图书馆 警察局

shè shī

广场 对面 附近

facilities

diàn yǐng yuàn cinema tǐ yù chǎng

sports stadium

tú shū guǎn

library

jǐng chá jú

police station; 警察 police

guǎng chǎng

plaza/square

duì miàn

opposite

fù jìn

nearby

Unit B  10  Personal and social life: Living environment Francomag 1: Mon quotidien Original material © Cambridge University Press 2017

97


补充词语 SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY

小区

xiǎo qū

housing estate C

文化 

汽车站

D

警察局

F

游泳池

H

游乐场

CULTURE

广场舞 Chinese Fitness Dancing 在中国,很 多人在广场 一起跳舞, 又可以做运 动,保持身 体健康。看 他们跳舞十 分有意思。

98

E

电影院

G 停车场

三 听力 3 Listening 你到了一个小区,邻居给你介绍设施。 请看图片。 You just arrived in a new neighbourhood and a neighbour talks to you about the facilities there.

请听录音,将图片旁的字母分别填入 适当的方格内。 Listen to the recording, and put the correct letter in the appropriate box on the map. CD 01, Track 33

I

邮局

“邮局在图书馆的东边。”所以 I 在 A 的 例: 东边。

N A ഴҜ侼 A

图书馆

B

诊所

Cambridge IGCSE Mandarin as a Foreign Language Original material © Cambridge University Press 2017

I


词语

附近还有一个游乐场,小朋友会很 15 喜欢的。 郊区没有工厂,这个地区很舒服。 娱乐中心在游乐场的旁边。

6

VOCABULARY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

邻居 诊所 汽车站

lín jū

neighbour

7

zhěn suǒ

clinic

8

qì chē zhàn

游泳池 停车场 游乐场 邮局

yóu yǒng chí

bus stop; 汽车 car, bus swimming pool

tíng chē chǎng car park

词语 VOCABULARY

环境 空气 人口 安全 郊区 草 俱乐部 近 地方 商城

huán jìng

environment

kōng qì

air

rén kǒu

population

ān quán

safe

jiāo qū

suburb

cǎo

grass

jù lè bù

clubhouse

jìn

close

dì fang

place

shāng chéng

lí jìn

close

gōng chǎng

factory

14

离 近 工厂 地区

a commercial area which has a large number of department stores to be away from

16

yuǎn

yóu lè chǎng

playground

1

yóu jú

post office

2 3

四 阅读(二) 4 Reading (2)

4 5

一 、 请阅读下面介绍白城小区的传 单。 1

Read the leaflet below about a neighbourhood called Baicheng. CD 01, Track 34

白城小区―一个你 爱的家环境干净、 设施齐全、空气清新 1 白城小区在南红市的郊区。小区有 1 很多花草树木,空气清新,人口不 多,小区也很安全。 2 东边有一个汽车站。 3 小区设施齐全。小区的中心是俱乐 5 部。它的南面有一个足球场,足球 场的左边有四个网球场。网球场的 北边有一个室外游泳池。 4 停车场在小区北边的地方,汽车站 在邮局的南面,小区还有一个医务 10 所。 5 最大的商城“白城购物城”在小区 的南边,离小区很近。商城里面有 很多时装店,可以跟朋友一起逛街。

6 7 8 9 10

11 12 13

district, zone; 地 land, field 15 娱乐中心 yú lè zhōng xīn recreation centre dì qū

far

补充词语 SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY

3

设施齐全 空气清新 花草树木

4

室外游泳池

5

医务所

1 2

shè shī qí quán

fully equipped

kōng qì qīng xīn fresh air huā cǎo shù mù flowers and trees, lots of plants shì wài yóu yǒng outdoor pool chí yī wù suǒ clinic, same as

诊所

Unit B  10  Personal and social life: Living environment Francomag 1: Mon quotidien Original material © Cambridge University Press 2017

99


äşŒ ă€ çŽ‹ĺ…ˆç”&#x;ćƒłć?Źĺˆ°ç™˝ĺ&#x;Žĺ°?ĺŒşă€‚äť–ćƒłç&#x;Ľ é “ĺ°?ĺŒşć˜Żĺ?Śé€‚ĺ?ˆäť–ĺ’Œäť–çš„ĺŽśäşşă€‚ čŻˇé€‰ć‹Šâ€œé€‚ĺ?ˆâ€?ćˆ–â€œä¸?适ĺ?ˆâ€?。 2

1

2 3 4 5

100

Mr Wang wants to move to Baicheng neighbourhood. He wants to know if it is the right place for him and his family. Choose ‘suitable’ or ‘not suitable’ for the following sentences.

çŽ‹ĺ…ˆç”&#x;çš„ĺ„żĺ­?大王çť? 常ç”&#x;ç—…ďźŒäť–čŚ ä˝?ĺœ¨çŠşć°” ĺĽ˝çš„ĺœ°ć–šă€‚ çŽ‹ĺ¤Şĺ¤Şćœ‰ćą˝č˝ŚďźŒĺ°?ĺŒşčŚ ćœ‰ä¸€ä¸Şĺ œč˝Śçš„ĺœ°ć–šă€‚ çŽ‹ĺ…ˆç”&#x;čŚ ç”ľĺ˝ąé™˘çŚťĺŽś ä¸?čżœă€‚ 王太太觉垗䚰襣ćœ?çš„ĺœ° ć–ščŚ ĺœ¨ĺŽśé™„čż‘ă€‚ ĺ¤§çŽ‹ĺ–œćŹ˘ĺ°?ĺŒşé™„čż‘ć˛Ąćœ‰ 塼厂。

适ĺ?ˆ ä¸?适ĺ?ˆ

î ľ

î ľ

î ľ

î ľ

î ľ

î ľ

î ľ

î ľ

î ľ

î ľ

�语 VOCABULARY

ç&#x;Ľé “

zhÄŤ dĂ o

to know

ć–‡ĺŒ–â€‚ CULTURE

垎� Weibo Wēi bó

â€œĺžŽĺ?šâ€?ĺœ¨č‹ąć–‡ć˜Ż ‘microblog’ çš„ć„?ć€?ďźŒć˜Ż 中国的 ‘Twitter’。

čŻˇé˜…čŻťä¸‹é?˘çš„ä¸¤ĺˆ™ĺžŽĺ?šďźŒç„śĺ?Žĺ›žç­”é—Žé˘˜ă€‚ Read the Weibo entries below, and then do the activities. CD 01, Track 35

ă??ăž‚ăł?@Lixiaotian É‹Ň—Ń äœ€ŕĽ°á–žŕžłคá?¸ÉŒä˜?Ṽ᥇᜛ 1 ŕĄŚŃ€âŽ­â˛şă…˘ĐżŃ áą•áľ•ČžáĄ‡Ô„Ň—Ń áś›Î¸ 2 Ô›ŕ˘ƒÖ…ŕľžäœ€ŕĽ°ČžŃ€âŽ­áąĽĐśŃ ŕ˝?คá?¸Î¸ 3 á?¸ŃŁá—šâ§ĽŕşšŕŤ‚áĄ‡Ô›ŕ˘ƒâ˛şá‡Źá–žŃƒĐśáš­Čž 4 Ô›ŕ˘ƒáĄ‡Ö…ŕľžŇ—Ń â˛şáś‡á††ä ‚Î¸á´żá–žŕ˝?㣧 5 ăĽżáš‡áľžÎ¸äź„á˛Ľá–žŕžłČžáś‡á††äąşä˜‡á´żáš‡áˇ?θ6 グ≊ᖞâ?ťáŻŚČžŐźáąĽŕžłâ§&#x;â€Ťâ˛şÝľâ€ŹŕľŚáŻŻŃƒŕ˝?θ7 äąşä˜‡â‹—á´żâ­Ťá–§ä˛˜Č˝ŕ­źŕľ°ČžŕĽąä˛˜Ň•âżąáĄ‡ 8 9 Ô˘á‡Źá–žä˜’Čž р⎭

ĺ?Ľĺž‹

᭏㰅䖢ਇ䇺䇰⛯䎔

LANGUAGE

Expressing distance with 猝 To say that something is far or close (distance), you can use the word 猝 in the following basic pattern: Place 1 + 猝 + Place 2 + ĺžˆčżœ /

čż‘

e.g. a ĺ•†ĺœşçŚťĺ›žäšŚéŚ†ĺžˆčż‘ă€‚ The shopping mall is close to the library. b

äş” é˜…čŻťďźˆä¸‰ďź‰ 5 Reading (3)

ćˆ‘ĺŽśçŚťć¸¸ćłłćą ĺžˆčżœă€‚My house is far from the swimming pool.

â§Łâž¸ä Š@Snowchen É‹áŻŚŕŁ–ŕś—คá?¸ÉŒáĄ‡Ń€Ń áą•áľ•áŠ˘ŕĄŚ áŻŚŕŁ–ŕś—ČžáĄ‡â˛şáĄľá††ŕľžâŽ­ä—ŻÎ¸ŕ¨ĽÔ›âľ ăżˇ ŕ˝?⎭Ȟä˜?ä ‚â˛şä›ąá‰ťäœłá–žŕ¨ ŕžłÎ¸á°&#x;Ń€äœł ä?•áĄ‡äˆŞÄ‡Ö–ŕžłÄˆČžä˜?ä ‚â˛şä‡´áŻłäœłá–žĺ–† â€ŤŢžâ€ŹČžáĄ‡ŕŻ’â…˜ŕ§ąá‡Źäąşä˜‡â˛şĐśŃ ŕ­źŕľ°Î¸ä ‚ ä—Żá´żä˝†ŕŚťČ˝â­Ťá–§ä˛˜Č˝á°Źăťťá“?Ȟ᥇ᑎᑎ ŕĄŚä›™â€ŤÝľâ€Źŕ§ąŇŚăş™áľƒČžŃƒä—˝ä˜?ä ‚â˛şá‰ťâ‰‡äœł ăżżá—?ă”ľă˘¨â˛şŕľŚáŻŻŃƒŕ˝?ČžáĄ‡á‡ŹáˆŻäś˜â˛şä?Ľ ŕ¨™á´żĐśŃ âŠłä–œă„?Î¸ŕ§ąŃ€á†œá–žáŻŻâ€Ť×ľâ€ŹČž áŻŚŕŁ–ŕś—

᭏㰅䖢ਇ䇺䇰⛯䎔

Cambridge IGCSE Mandarin as a Foreign Language Original material Š Cambridge University Press 2017

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9


二 、 请阅读上面的微博,然后回答问 题。

词语 VOCABULARY

乡下 2 村子 3 风景 4 树林 5 海边 6 海 8 居民 9 路口 10 多久

1

cūn zi

village

fēng jǐng

scenery

shù lín

forest

hǎi biān

seaside

hǎi

sea

jū mín

residents

lù kǒu

junction, intersection (of roads)

duō jiǔ

how long

补充词语 SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY (FOR ‘WEIBO’)

1 2 3 4

收藏 转发 评论 点赞

2

xiāng xià countryside

shōu cáng

to save

zhuǎn fā

to retweet

píng lùn

to comment

diǎn zàn

to like

Read the Weibo entries, and then answer the questions below. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

语法 GRAMMAR

Simple directional complements: 来、去 1 The basic meaning of 来 is ‘(coming) from’ and 去 is ‘going to’, e.g. 我从中国来 ‘I come from China’, 我去中国 ‘I am going to China’. 2

一 、 请用下列词组填空。 1

2 3 4 5 6

来 and 去 are also used as directional

complements to describe the direction of a verb. The basic pattern is: Verb + 来 or 去

Use the words provided to fill in the gaps.

村子 风景 树林 海边 邻居 里边  居民 路口 1

李小天来了上海多久? 李小天从哪里来? 上海的环境跟他的家一样吗? 李小天以前住在乡下的什么地方? 他以前的家空气怎么样? 陈白雪的房子在哪里? 那里的邻居怎么样? 那里的居民觉得环境怎么样?

我不住在城市,我住在 里。 在 人们可以钓鱼。 住在这个小区的 觉得这里绿色的 地方不多。 这里有很多花草树木, 很美。 我家附近的 都很友好。 这个小区 有很多设施,比如娱乐 中心、图书馆等。

It is important to consider the position of the speaker. 来 is used when the action involves coming closer to the speaker, and 去 when the action means moving away from the speaker, e.g. a b c

你上去。 You go up. 我下来。 I am coming down. 李小天今天在上海,明天回去 乡下。 Li Xiaotian is in Shanghai today. He is going back to the countryside tomorrow.

3 Adding a place with 到

到 + place + 来 or 去

e.g. a

小天的哥哥到上海来了。 Xiaotian’s elder brother has arrived in Shanghai.

b

我住在香港,明天到马来西亚 去。 I live in Hong Kong and will go to Malaysia tomorrow.

Unit B  10  Personal and social life: Living environment Francomag 1: Mon quotidien Original material © Cambridge University Press 2017

101


六 说� 6 Speaking

�贴壍  TOP TIP

1 Most of the materials you prepared in the Speaking activity can be used in this task. 2 Include some idiomatic expressions, such as 芹č?‰ ć ‘ćœ¨ , 莞施é˝?ĺ…¨ . 3 Include sentence structures such as â€˜â€Śâ€ŚçŚťâ€Śâ€Ś + adjective’ and ‘ ĺˆ°â€Śâ€Ść?Ľ / 厝’, too.

ä¸¤äşşä¸€çť„ďźŒĺ›žç­”äťĽä¸‹é—Žé˘˜ă€‚ Work in pairs to ask and answer the following questions. 1 2 3 4

ä˝ ĺŽśé™„čż‘ćœ‰äť€äšˆĺ…Źĺ…ąčŽžć–˝ďź&#x; ä˝ ĺ–œćŹ˘ä˝?ĺœ¨ĺ¸‚ä¸­ĺżƒčż˜ć˜ŻéƒŠĺŒşďź&#x;ä¸şäť€äšˆďź&#x; ä˝?ĺœ¨ĺ¸‚ä¸­ĺżƒćœ‰äť€äšˆĺĽ˝ĺ¤„ďź&#x;ćœ‰äť€äšˆĺ??处ďź&#x; ä˝?ĺœ¨éƒŠĺŒşćœ‰äť€äšˆĺĽ˝ĺ¤„ďź&#x;ćœ‰äť€äšˆĺ??处ďź&#x;

ĺ…Ť é˜…čŻťďźˆĺ››ďź‰ 8 Reading (4)

�语 VOCABULARY

1 2

弽处 ĺ??处

hÇŽo chĂš

advantage

一 ă€ ćœ—čŻťäťĽä¸‹čŻ?语。

huĂ i chĂš

disadvantage, harm

1

Read aloud the following words. 1

2

3

wǎng yòu guǎi

xiĂ ng zuÇ’ guÇŽi

hĂłng lÇœ dÄ“ng

4

七 ĺ†™ä˝œ 7 Writing ć?Žĺ°?ĺ¤Šçš„ćœ‹ĺ?‹é™ˆĺ?‹çť™äť–ĺ?‘了一ć?Ąç&#x;­äżĄ ďźš 102

垀 ��

� 塌�

shĂ­ zĂŹ

lĂš kÇ’u

çş˘çťżç Ż ĺ? 字衯ĺ?Ł

�语 VOCABULARY

ä‘˜ăłƒ㊰⟄㏹ä?ąăžĽ

ć‹?

ᜄቅŕ˝&#x;φ

guÇŽi

to turn (to another direction)

 

⸛䚉֖⧌ྞօྞр⎭Ⲻá?¸ŃŁá—šČž á?¸ŃŁá—šá´żÓśŃžä‡´áŻłďź&#x; Ö…ŕľžá?¸ŃŁá—š  á´żÓśŃžŕžłŕźşČ˝ŕś…ŕźşďź&#x; Ô›ŕ˘ƒÖ…ŕľžäœ€  ŕĽ°á´żÓśŃžŕžłŕźşČ˝ŕś…ŕźşďź&#x; Ö–ŕŻ’â…˜ŕŹ    МѠďź&#x; ă”?᥇ß?Đśáˆˇâ­Ťä›¤Čž  䉘䉘  âž“  ŕžłďź äąžŕ¨

�贴壍  TOP TIP

The two phrases 垀‌‌� and �‌‌� have the same meaning, i.e. you can also say 垀塌� or � ��.

çť™é™ˆĺ?‹ĺ›žäżĄďźŒä¸?少于 150 个湉字。 Cambridge IGCSE Mandarin as a Foreign Language Original material Š Cambridge University Press 2017


二 、陈小红要去找王一好。请看一看 以下的对话。在地图上找出王一 好的家在哪里。 2

王一好

可以打公用电话。

Chen Xiaohong will go to Wang Yihao’s home. Read their conversation, then find Wang’s house on the map. CD 01, Track 36

陈小红

好,麻烦你了!

陈小红

一好,我明天来你家玩儿, 你家离汽车站有多远?

A

N

B

䈀ᡶ

C

Clinic

⊳䖜ㄏ

王一好

我家离汽车站不远,走五分钟左右。

୼൰

D

Shopping mall E F

停车场 Car park

G H

文具店

Stationary Shop

䛤ቶ

电影院

Post office

‫ޢ‬ണ Park

Cinema

I

体育场

Stadium

J

游泳池

Swimming pool

陈小红

从汽车站到你家怎么走?

词语 王一好

我家离汽车站不远。从汽车站出去后 往南走,你会路过一个公园,然后往 右拐,右边是文具店,左边是电影院。

VOCABULARY

1

……lí…… How far is (Place yǒu duō yuǎn? 1) from (Place 2)?

4

5

路过

lù guò

6

过马路

guò mǎ lù

7

一直

yì zhí

8

顺着

shùn zhe

9

在……边

zài……biān

2

陈小红

……离……

有多远? 到……怎么 走? 出去 往……走

3

dào……zěn me zǒu?

How do you get to …?

chū qù

to go out

wǎng…… zǒu

to go towards/in the direction of, e.g. in the text 往 南走means ‘to go south’; 走 to walk to pass through/ by to cross the road; 过 to cross; 马 路 road

然后呢? 王一好

顺着马路一直走,到了第三个路口再 转右,我家就在你右边了。我家对面 是诊所。

陈小红

我迷路的话怎么办?

Bus stop

all the way; 直 straight along; 顺着马 路一直走 go straight ahead along this road on the (right/left) side

Unit B  10  Personal and social life: Living environment Francomag 1: Mon quotidien Original material © Cambridge University Press 2017

103


词语

句型

VOCABULARY

迷路 麻烦你了

10 11

目的地 ……在哪 儿? 公用电话

12 13 14

LANGUAGE

mí lù

to get lost

……离……有多远?

má fan nǐ le

sorry to bother you; 麻烦 to trouble (someone)

To ask how far one place is from another place, you can

mù dì dì

destination

……zài nǎr?

Where is…?

gōng yòng diàn huà

public phone

延伸活动

e.g. 球场离这儿有多远? ‘How far is the

stadium from here?’ A possible answer is 不远, 要走 五分钟 ‘Not far, it takes 5 minutes to walk’.

自我评估 Self-Assessment

AIM HIGHER

□ I can listen to and read descriptions about living environments

Work in pairs and try to ask each other for the directions below:

□ I can read a map in Chinese and ask for/give directions

诊所 2 电影院 3 文具店 1

104

use the question pattern 离……有多远?

4 C

目的地 体育场 汽车站 停车场 游泳池

□ I can write about my living environment □ Prepositions 在,从,到 □ Simple directional complements 来 and 去 □ Sentence structure ……离…… + adjective □ Localizers such as 东,南

You can use the question patterns: a b

体育场在哪儿? 从诊所到体育场怎么走?

Use the phrases in Reading (4) to help you answer the questions.

Cambridge IGCSE Mandarin as a Foreign Language Original material © Cambridge University Press 2017


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