INSIDE NOT GOOD EOUGH page 2 CROZET PLAQUES page 5 GOLDEN APPLES page 6 GOOD STUDENTS page 7 JEFFERSON & MAPS page 8
JUNE 2014 VOL. 9, NO. 1
Public Hearing on Lumberyard Project Set for June 17
TREE ANNIVERSARY page 9
BEN PESTA IN THE CCC page 11 BRIDGE WINNERS page 15 SPIDER BITES page 16 THIN CRUST PIZZA page 17 TARGET: 4-MILER page 19 PINCHING PETUNIAS page 21 SNAKES AND DOGS page 22 WARRIORS ROMP page 23 EUPHEMISMS page 24 CROSSWORD page 25 TRAIL 5K AT MSVP page 26 PROCLAIM IT page 27 GMO LABELING page 28 WEATHER WARS page 32 SNOWBELLS page 33 BEREAVEMENTS page 37 CROZET DENTAL DAY page 38
The Henley Middle School Marching Band in the Batesville Day Parade on May 17
Western Ninth Graders to Get Laptops Freshmen at Western Albemarle High School will all be given laptop computers when they start school in the fall as the second phase of the county school’s Digital Learning Initiative kicks in. Monticello High School ninth graders got laptops last fall. Albemarle High School ninth graders will also get them this year. “We’re at a turning point,” said Vincent Scheivert, the school’s Chief Technology Officer. “Resources are no
longer analog any more—books, other resources. Teachers are using the textbooks less and less. We can have more relevant, up-to-date information if we maximize the digital resources that are out there.” Assistant Superintendent for Student Learning Billy Haun has teams of teachers under the direction of Jennifer Sublette and Matt Blundin developing appropriate curriculum for digital tools, continued on page 18
The Albemarle County Planning Commission will hold a public hearing on a plan by developer Frank Stoner of Milestone Partners to develop the 20-acre former Barnes Lumber Company property in downtown Crozet on June 17 beginning at 6 p.m. in Lane Auditorium in the McIntire Office Building in Charlottesville. The Crozet Community Advisory Council, a group of 15 citizens appointed by the Board of Supervisors to advise them on implementation of the Crozet Master Plan, will meet the night before at 7 p.m. at The Meadows community hall to craft a consensus position to declare to the Planning Commission. The CCAC has set another meeting with county senior planner Claudette Grant for June 8 at 2 p.m. to go over her report on the project. Grant met with the CCAC on the subject in April as well. “The county and you [the people of Crozet] are looking for, primarily, employment there and commercial opportunity and some residential, but not heavy residential. We have asked the continued on page 13
nPulse Acquired by FireEye nPulse Technologies, Crozet’s spunky contender in the world of cyber security, has been acquired by San Jose, California-based FireEye, a leading international cyber security firm. “We got absorbed,” said nPulse founder Randy Caldejon. “We’ve proved the business model. It’s a technology acquisition.” He said all the company’s current employees will remain in Crozet. “FireEye is a billion-dollar company,” said Caldejon. “They are considered small. But they are an up-and-coming company. They take a next-generation approach to cyber security. We’ve taken a similar approach, so it’s a cultural match. They’re continued on page 37
Dennis Edwards and Randy Caldejon
From the Editor Not Good Enough Frank Stoner’s vague plan for developing the former Barnes lumber yard in downtown does not deserve rezoning approval. It’s a cheap version of downtown Crozet’s future, and if it proceeds, it will effectively sabotage the comprehensive vision of the Crozet Master Plan. The people of Crozet will get to decide on the fate of this property only once. Once it’s rezoned the prerogatives are with the developer. So we must be confident we are right in granting it. Stoner’s approach has been to be vague and promise details after the public turns over authority to him.
We must choose higher than Stoner’s vision. Downtown must be understood as something cultural, beyond even its commercial significance to the town. It shouldn’t be looked at as a few blocks of shops and houses. Crozetians watched the growth of Charlottesville, and the master plan they (by way of the Supervisors) ratified for Crozet (twice now) tries to create something like the city’s downtown mall in the heart of our town, essentially on the lumberyard, and to prevent Rt. 250 from developing in the same fashion as Rt. 29 north. The plan tries to keep Rt. 250 as “the bypass” around the center of density in downtown. Given the projected population of 17,000—there are about 7,000 here now, and 12,000 are expected
circa 2020—a downtown of just 50 acres, with the built legacies of history in it—is a small downtown. Stoner’s plans call for 39 percent of the Barnes parcel to be residential. That reduces the remaining commercial area downtown to about 42 acres. When does small start to mean unviable? If the prominent, tabula rasa location downtown is squandered, how soon should we expect pressure for commercial rezonings on Rt. 250? Development on Rt. 250 should not happen for another generation, after downtown is established and thriving. Only then would the south boundary of Crozet in fact be the logical place to grow. Should Rt. 250 grow before downtown it would likely mean a
continued on page 14
To the Editor Letters reflect the opinions of their authors and not necessarily those of the Crozet Gazette. Send letters to editor@ crozetgazette.com or P.O. Box 863, Crozet, VA 22932.
Parade Day Is July 5. See You At The Park! Dear Crozet Friends and Neighbors: We are writing again this year to ask for your enthusiastic support of our small town tradition—our annual Crozet Independence Day parade, celebration, and fireworks show on Saturday, July 5. The fun kicks off with a parade down Crozet Avenue starting at 5
continued on page 10
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SATURDAY, JULY 5
5 p.m. Parade to Crozet Park Through Downtown Crozet Parade Grand Marshal: V.L. James
6 – 10 p.m. Community Celebration at Crozet Park • LIVE MUSIC BY Abbey Road • SOFTBALL DOUBLE HEADER: 7 p.m. CVFD Firefighters vs. Peachtree Coaches • KIDS’ GAMES & AMUSEMENTS • ULTIMATE ATHLETE CHALLENGE • BOUNCE HOUSE, LASER TAG, PONY RIDES • RAFFLES • TRADITIONAL FOURTH OF JULY FARE
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Artists in India who create statues for Crozet’s museum reproduction business, Sacred Source [see story in the January 2013 Gazette], have created two art-object plaques that celebrate our town’s namesake, Claudius Crozet, as well as his engineering masterpiece, the Blue Ridge Tunnel, as a book-purchase fundraiser for Crozet Library. The finely detailed plaques are 9 by 11 inches and have a bronze finish. Sacred Source, based in Crozet since 1987, is donating all profits from the plaque sales to the new library. Each one sold represents one more new book on the shelves, according to Build Crozet Library chair Bill Schrader. “We hope all folks who are proud of our “founder” and his “engineer-
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ing wonder of the world” achievements, or love railroad and Virginian history, or simply want to support the library, or want an unusual memento or gift related to Crozet will appreciate and buy the plaques,” said Freeman Allan, who started Sacred Source. Plaques will be available at several local businesses: Fardowners Restaurant, Greenwood Gourmet Grocery, Parkway Pharmacy, Anna’s Ristorante, Green House Coffee, B&B Cleaners, the Mudhouse and Crozet Great Valu. Readers can also call 434-8231515 and order direct from Sacred Source. Price for each is $30 delivered by hand in Crozet, or $40 if shipped elsewhere. The project will run from June through September.
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Albemarle County Public Schools recognized 28 teachers for excellence and curriculum innovations May 15 at the 13th annual Golden Apple celebration at the University of Virginia’s Rotunda. Two previous Golden Apple recipients received 21st Century Learning in the Classroom competitive grants of $1,000, Western Albemarle’s Lani Hoza and Albemarle High School’s Richard Lindsay, a world history teacher. Four other school division teachers, who are Golden Apple recipients this year, also received $1,000 classroom grants. Hoza teaches Advanced Placement Psychology at Western. Her grant will support a new Psychology II class that will center on applications and research. Students will work in small groups to select research topics and design studies using methods
that are common in the profession, such as surveys, field and lab experiments, and observations. Results will undergo peer review. Golden Apple award winners from Crozet-area schools were: Amanda Fuller, Brownsville Elementary School; Barbara Huneycutt, Crozet Elementary School; Pat Harder, Henley Middle School; Bonnie F. Carey, Meriwether Lewis Elementary School; Sara Hankins, Murray Elementary School; and Claudia Bendick, Western Albemarle High School. Harder also received a Golden Apple Grant Award of $1,000, to be used for classroom instruction and materials. The awards and grants were sponsored by Better Living Building Supply and Better Living Furniture in Charlottesville.
Ruritan Fundraiser to Pay for Repairs to White Hall Community Center The White Hall Ruritans will hold their Cake of Fortune fundraiser June 7 from 6 to 8 p.m. to raise money to pay for repairs to the White Hall Community Center. The evening will feature wine tastings from Grace Vineyards, Stinson Vineyard and Well Hung Vineyard with “heavy” hor d’oeurves, plus homemade cakes and pies. Raffles, cash for trivia answers and other prizes will be awarded. Bluzonia will perform. Tickets are $20 at the door.
Cohen Awarded Crozet Great Valu Scholarship
Andrew Cohen and Jean Wagner
Western Albemarle High School senior Andrew Cohen was awarded the Crozet Great Valu $1,000 scholarship. He is headed to Virginia Tech’s engineering school next fall, where he expects his major to have something to do with robotics. He
was a founder of the WAHS Robotics Club and also swam for the Warriors, taking the district championship in 100m butterfly this year. The son of Brian Cohen and Deborah Froh, Andrew said he has shopped at Great Valu all his life.
Crozetians Attend Los Angeles Science Fair Two students from Crozet— Anya Michaelsen and Caitlin Dutta—participated in the weeklong international Intel Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF) in Los Angeles in early May. About 7 million high school students around the world participated this year in local, regional, state and country fairs to have the opportunity to be one of the 1,700 finalists to compete for more than $5,000,000 in prizes. Michaelson placed fourth (top 25 of about 1400 projects) in the fair for her project Kinematic Determinants of Success in the Fencing Flick: Logistic and Linear Multiple Regression Analysis. Raised in Crozet and a former WAHS stu-
dent, she is now a junior at Lake Braddock Secondary School in Burke. Dutta, a junior at Western, presented her project on The Effect of a New LncRNA 2953 on Muscle Creation.
Kovarsky Lays Out Jefferson’s Cartographic Vision A new book on Thomas Jefferson’s interest in maps and geography by Crozet author Joel Kovarsky, The True Geography of Our Country; Jefferson’s Cartographic Vision, was published by the University of Virginia Press in May. Kovarsky, a rheumatologist, had a career in medicine, mainly at the Texas Medical Center in Houston. Before he retired, he earned a master’s degree in information science and interned at the University of Virginia’s Special Collections Library, where he was involved in cataloging maps. He became interested in antique maps and eventually formed his own company, The Prime Meridian: Antique Maps and Books, which trades in pre-20th-century maps, atlases and related books and operates out of his home in Wayland’s Grant. For seven years he contributed the “recent publications” column of the Washington Map
Society’s bulletin. “I had talked about running a bookstore,” said Kovarsky, “but I had been tied to a beeper too long and I didn’t want to be behind a counter. I got into maps as a business and drifted into expertise. I perceived maps as historical documents. I like the artwork involved and the history of printing and paper. It just happened it began at Monticello, linking Jefferson to Manifest Destiny. That was first major portion of the book. There was no epiphany in this for me. It was the culmination of interest in history and science. I just sort of kept going. “It took six years to write. I went through all his letters and writings. I could search with my own keywords. There’s not a better place to write this, with U.Va. and Monticello here.” Kovarsky pitched the book idea to the Press and, “They ruled yes. It fits with an aca-
demic press. I wouldn’t mind writing on maps, but it’s more their tie to the wider history—the why they were used.” The 200-page book contains 28 plates, which are mostly maps. “It’s not a coffee table book,” warned Kovarsky. “It’s aimed at an educated audience. I do go to a lot of work to
avoid jargon.” Kovarsky has a 700-volume reference library on maps and geography, including The American Atlas of 1776. “Only two other atlases [of America] existed at the time, one was mainly a coastal atlas, both continued on page 34
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From left: Green Olive Tree board members Ellie Krueger, Sheila Freeman, Joyce Wright, Nancy Virginia Bain, June Andrews, Trish Raymond and Janet Martin. Not pictured are board members Iris Taylor, Mary Jones and Joanne Perkins.
Green Olive Tree Marks 35th Anniversary The Green Olive Tree celebrated its 35th anniversary with a half-price bag sale— $3.50 per bag—the week of May 19. The Green Olive Tree began in 1979 as an all-volunteer Christian thrift shop when the seven original board members opened the store at the fruit stand beside Brownsville Market on Rt. 250. It is now located next to Crozet Laundromat, opposite Music Today. “The community has been so generous over the years, bringing us their donations of items for resale,” said co-founder June Andrews. “Now we find the laundromat handy for refreshing wrinkled clothing. “We are still all volunteers. Thirty-
five years and no one has ever received a salary. But volunteers do get benefits: the satisfaction of knowing we’ve helped our neighbors, plus the fellowship and friendships over the years. Now we have retired nurses and teachers, high school students, grandmothers, husbands, and ladies who work their jobs and volunteer on their day off.” The shop will soon have a webpage, she said, now that a volunteer has come forward to create one. “God has always provided when we trust Him to bless His shop. He’s the owner and we are His stewards,” said Andrews. The store has given $500,000 to charities in the last six years.
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p.m. Again this year the Richmond Shrine Club’s mini-cars will join the parade with their entertaining precision driving down Crozet Avenue! Mr. V.L. James is the parade’s Grand Marshal. Any one interested in joining in the parade go to http:// CrozetFire.org to get a parade unit sign-up form. We’ll follow the parade to Crozet Park to watch the annual “grudge match” softball doubleheader between the Peachtree Little League coaches and the Crozet volunteer firemen. There’ll be free kiddie rides and amusements, including bounce and play inflatables, as well as laser tag and athletic challenges for kids. The pony rides will be back again this year as well. There will also be great music by the local band, Abbey Road, as well as traditional Fourth of July fare, including pork barbeque, hot dogs, hamburgers, popcorn, ice cream, and sno cones, and other favorites such as pizza and tacos. Our local brewery will be on-hand for you to enjoy their products as well. The fireworks show is set for 9:30 PM, when it will be dark enough, but not so late that youngsters can’t stay up. Bring a lawn chair if you want to be comfortable as you watch events. Look for updates about the parade and celebration at: CrozetCommunity.org. The celebration is a combined effort by Crozet’s civic organizations who have teamed up to put on the Crozet Independence Day Celebration, a task that in the past fell solely to the Crozet Volunteer Fire Department (CVFD), which for many years sponsored the celebration as a fundraiser. Joining the CVFD in sharing the burden now are the Crozet Community Association, Claudius Crozet Park (which is community-owned and led by volunteers), Crozet Lions Club, Life Journey Church, Downtown Crozet Association, White Hall Ruritans, and Crozet Community Advisory Council, as well as many local churches and citizen volunteers. Donations are being sought to pay for the fireworks and event expenses. This year we’re changing how we collect donations at the event, by asking for suggested $3 per person donation (children 12 and under are free) as
CROZETgazette you enter the festivities, rather than as you enter the park in your car. This event involves a lot of donated time from a lot of individuals and groups, but it can’t happen without financial contributions, too. July 5 will be here before you know it. Won’t you join us by sending a check today to help with these expenses? Please make your charitable donation payable to the Crozet Community Association and mail it to: CCA, P.O. Box 653, Crozet, Virginia 22932 and note on the memo line “fireworks donation.” Please give as generously as you can, so that our entire community can enjoy this patriotic tradition. In addition to helping to defer the cost of the fireworks and the event, your donation will help support the civic groups in Crozet. On behalf of the Crozet Independence Day Celebration (CIDC) planning team, thank you for your support. We look forward to seeing you Saturday, July 5! Sincerely, Tim F. Jost Tolson Chair, CIDC Planning Team President, Crozet Community Association CrozetCommunity@gmail.com http://CrozetCommunity.org Thanks, Chas Many thanks to Charles Kidder for his intriguing article on the silverbell shrub/tree (Halesia) (“Unfair Competition,” May 2014). I had seen this beautiful, delicate, fragrant flowering shrub growing beside the sanctuary of St. Paul’s, Ivy a few years ago. It could be thought of as a large shrub or small tree, maybe 7-8 feet tall at that time, and as Kidder described, profusely covered with delicate white bell-shaped blossoms. When I asked the former rector, Miller Hunter, what it was, he (being quite a gardener himself ) told me it was a Carolina Silverbell. After searching several nurseries, I obtained one and planted it in my Crozet yard—fortunately in a good spot per Mr. Kidder’s advice, as an understory shrub in partial shade. It seems to be thriving and is blooming now, adding a lovely snow-white gentleness to my garden. Not only had I forgotten the name, but I was so glad to learn more about it! Clover C. Carroll Crozet
by Phil James email@example.com
Ben Pesta’s New Beginning Sometimes you simply need a fresh start in life. Not the wishful fairy tale kind that magically erases the tearful memories and ugly scars from a previous time, but the sort where someone comes alongside to encourage you, take stock of where you’ve been, note what you’ve learned, and offer guidance for the choices ahead. When young Ben Pesta arrived in the CCC camp on Buffalo Ridge near Amherst in 1937, his life definitely was not headed in any direction for which he could have planned. He was 600 miles from his Michigan birthplace, seeming like another lifetime away. Born in Detroit to Polish parents in 1914, Pesta returned to Poland with his family when he was six years old. There Ben became an apt student. “He obtained a diploma in civil engineering from Grudziadz Polyteknik,” said his son Ben II, “and was about to be commissioned as a reserve officer in the Polish army. The army ran a security check on my father and saw that he was a dual citizen. Instead of commissioning him, they expelled him from the country as a potential spy. He was given a week to leave Poland. Had
Ben Pesta and Ethel Kirkpatrick, while courting, at a gathering near White Hall, c.1939. [Photo courtesy of the Pesta family]
this unpleasant business not occurred, he would almost certainly have been murdered by the Soviet army at the Katyn Forest in 1939.” Bidding a hurried farewell to family and lifelong friends, he boarded ship for an unplanned return to the United States. His son continued, “My father came to the United States in the depth of the Depression. He spoke five languages, none of which was English. He took what jobs he could find, one of which was as an announcer at a Polish-language radio station in Scranton, Pennsylvania. Eventually he found his way into the Civilian Conservation Corps.” The early 1930s marked one of the lowest and most desperate times in United States history. Creative, and perhaps inspired, measures needed to be employed to improve the welfare of the nation. When the U.S. Senate passed the Emergency Conservation Work Act in 1933, it included a provision for a nationwide chain of forest camps to be built by an organization known as the Civilian Conservation Corps. Within weeks of the program’s establishment, 250,000 men were moved to concentration points where they were formed into companies of 200 and transported into forest areas across the country. Tasked to protect and make improvements on private forest lands, CCC Co. 2356 at Camp Buffalo Ridge had been carved into thick forest through the raw determination of young men from Pennsylvania and their equally determined overseers. From its establishment in 1935 until Ben Pesta’s arrival in 1937, the camp had grown into a compound of 20 buildings with roads and gravel-surfaced walkways lined with flowers and shrubbery. A 25,000-gallon dammed reservoir built by the boys on a ridge above the camp provided water for their daily needs as well as for a fountain and fish pond in the center of camp. Each of these incamp improvements was made dur-
J. Harvey Bailey [on left] and Ben Pesta II during a 2002 visit at Bailey’s home in Charlottesville. Mr. Bailey had served in the Civilian Conservation Corps with Ben’s father. [Photo by Phil James]
ing the time that the same youthful workforce was busily suppressing forest fires and constructing some 23 miles of the recreational Buffalo Ridge Trail. The CCC program sufficiently met the needs of the displaced, like Pesta, as well as for those set to aimless wandering by the Great
Depression. Camp programs emphasized “education, recreation, religious exercises, broadcasting programs, musical entertainments, athletics, indoor games, dances, speakers and regular lectures,” all while teaching and modeling the individual’s responsibilities to himcontinued on page 12
Ben Pesta was forced to flee Poland in 1934 and return to the United States. He settled for a time in a Polish-speaking community in central Pennsylvania. [Photo courtesy of the Pesta family]
Ben Pesta —continued from page 11
self and his neighbor. During his time on Buffalo Ridge, Ben gained fluency in his sixth language, English, and attained the rank of group leader. He earned a Certificate of Proficiency for driving 2000 accident-free miles in a half-ton Chevy truck, and was certified in first aid by the Red Cross. Meanwhile, 50 miles away in CCC Camp Albemarle at White Hall, camp engineer J. Harvey Bailey toiled with the technical aspects of that camp’s projects. In 2002, while looking at a 1938 camp photo, he recalled the diverse backgrounds of several with whom he had worked. “Not only the enrollees are on there, but the technical people are on there, too,” said Bailey. “Those dressed in white are the cooks. This gentleman here was a blacksmith, but he had worked in the steel mills for Mr. Carnegie. He worked the steel bars into the steel they used for jackhammers for the Forest Service of the whole state. There’s Russell Bargamin, Crozet area. He was the company commander. “Mr. W.W. Driscoll was one of the technical men who lived in White Hall. He did various things in orchard work and also with the extract that was used for soft drinks. He’d run mills that crushed and extracted the juices. That’s what he had done prior to the CCC, when
The largest project undertaken by CCC Camp Albemarle was the design and construction of 35-acre Lake Albemarle near White Hall. The project lasted from 1938 to 1941. [Photo courtesy of J. Harvey Bailey]
the country sort of collapsed. He lived at home. Several boarded there that worked in the camp. “George Schenck was from Bedford, head of the technical division and had been an old tunnel man in his day. He had worked on several through West Virginia. Railroad work. He was very thorough in that work.” Harvey Bailey paused and looked up from the vintage photo he was holding. “Did you know Ben Pesta? He and I were very good friends. He was schooled in engineering in Poland. He was at a camp south of
us and was sent to help me at P60 (Camp Albemarle.) He was fond of airplanes, too. He was proposed to marriage to a local girl there at White Hall. He was going to take up aviation. By that time they had these flight simulators that they used [for training] before they got them flying. He borrowed some money from me to pay for the course. After the war was over he came back and paid off his indebtedness.” From mid-1938 until early 1940, instead of facing Stalin’s grisly extermination of Polish officers in
December 1938 photos showing the personnel and grounds of the Civilian Conservation Corps located at White Hall. CCC “Camp Albemarle” was designated Co. 338, Camp P60. Arrow points to enrollee Ben Pesta. [Photo courtesy Phil James Historical Images]
Russia’s Katyn Forest, Ben Pesta was an energetic member in the White Hall camp. In the field, he assisted with surveying and construction of the dam at Lake Albemarle, and attained an operator’s permit for all motor vehicles used by the Forest Service. In camp he illustrated and edited the camp’s newspaper, The Trumpeter; formed the Linguist Club to help others learn French, German and Latin; and emceed the camp’s Friday night dances. During his free weekends he courted Crozet High School senior Ethel Kirkpatrick, who lived a convenient few miles from camp. The tuition money borrowed from Bailey was put to good use: word arrived in camp March 1940 that Ben had earned his private pilot’s license out in sunny California. His engineering degree opened the door for a job at San Diego’s Consolidated Aircraft factory, which led to his convincing Ethel’s parents to allow her to join him on the West Coast, where she became a June bride. For young men like Ben Pesta and others set adrift by circumstances during the 1930s, the CCC was the right program in the right place at the right time. We are the beneficiaries of the history they made with their new lives.
Follow Secrets of the Blue Ridge on Facebook! Phil James invites contact from those who would share recollections and old photographs of life along the Blue Ridge Mountains of Albemarle County. You may respond to him through his website: www.SecretsoftheBlueRidge.com or at P.O. Box 88, White Hall, VA 22987. Secrets of the Blue Ridge © 2003–2014 Phil James
Lumberyard —continued from page 1
developer for clarification of residential use,” Grant said then. Her report found seven “big issues”: the builder’s commitment to employment; the location of a community “green” or plaza; transportation, referring, she said, to a lack of connectivity in the road plan; phasing of development; stormwater concerns; proffers that need revision; and a water and sewer capacity concern raised by the Rivanna Water and Sewer Authority. “Housing would develop first,” said Grant. “We don’t want to end up with a residential development. We want an employment base.” Stoner’s plan is referred to as a “conceptual plan” by both Stoner and county planners. He responded to Grant’s first report May 5. “For this particular area the Crozet Master Plan is clear about the expectation of a mixed-use downtown,” Grant said May 30. “There is a difference between a “mix of uses” on a site and mixed-use, which is multiple uses on different levels of a building. In a district like the downtown ordinance there’s lots of flexibility and optional uses.” Stoner’s plan calls for a mix of uses in the western commercial sectors of the plan and residential units, including single-family houses, in the east. “We’ve had a lot of back and forth over the civic space,” said Grant. “He describes it as an intersection. How’s that?” Stoner’s plan says 15 percent the property will be given over to green space, two thirds of that, two acres, will be in the storm water detention system in the parcel’s east corner, leaving roughly an acre to be used in the commercial sectors. On the transportation side, Stoner added a “mini roundabout” at the end of The Square as a traffic management solution. Grant said county planners had asked Stoner to take out some of the
detail about interior roads in his plans, so that the staff would not be reviewing details that may change before a plan would be finalized. Oak Street, which connects The Square to Library Avenue, a 40-foot right of way, is extinct in Stoner’s plan, which Grant called a “negotiating point” in the final decision about road design. “Most times there’s room for variation.” Stoner’s road timetable calls for a short section of road to spur off Parkside and give access to residential lots. Next would come a connection from Library Avenue to High Street, then from High Street to The Square. The last phase would be to connect the west and east stubs through the center of the property. Stoner will turn over the road to the public. Grant said planners had called Stoner’s attention to the road design section of the ordinance, which shows a street with a tree-size planting median in the center, dividing one travel lane, bike lane and onstreet parking on each side. Stoner said he did not “believe a median was appropriate in a downtown retail district.” Stoner wants to address the thorny issue of parking after he’s been given the rezoning, Grant said. Space requirements will depend on the square footage of the buildings proposed. Grant said Stoner has permission from CSX to add their triangular, two-acre parcel along the tracks (opposite the U.S. Joiner building) to the planning process. Stoner shows the area as “mixed-use residential.” “We give the Planning Commission guidance in respect to the facts and point at issues to consider,” she said. Her report is expected by June 9. She avoided the matter of its likely contents, deferring that to publication day. “The Crozet Master Plan is really focused on employment and light industrial and research uses,” she noted. continued on page 34
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From the Editor —continued from page 2
long-stunted existence for downtown. Crozet has had a sense of its own identity as a place, as a community, for a long time. Crozet was a village. Now it’s a town. The Stoner vision challenges us with whether we are going to survive as a distinct place or become a suburb of
Charlottesville. Stoner sees downtown as basically more bedrooms for Charlottesville workers. The Master Plan sees it as the place you find the heartbeat of Crozet and where people, we would hope lots of them, are going to work. Downtown is supposed to have magnetism. We should hold out for that future. Stone’rs gesture toward the district’s employment goal amounts to shrug.
Besides resorting to the greedy expediency of using the lumberyard for housing (when large empty parcels sit on the east and west sides of downtown already zoned for townhouses), you see the complete failure of the plan in the nonexistence of civic space in it. The highest ground in downtown ought to inspire something worthy of its views and, connected to The Square, a better plan would be aware that it
is expected to carry on Crozet’s pride of place. No single-family residences should be allowed on the lumberyard. A suitable plan would include more roads, maybe a grid, to handle the density of movement that should be expected downtown. This is not the plan envisioned in the Master Plan. This plan has no vision and it’s not a pitch to swing at.
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Steve Rosinski and Karen Zvarych, men’s and women’s winners of the Crozet Trails Crew 5K last fall, were on hand for the dedication of a bridge on the trail from Westhall to Western Ridge in their honor May 17. Three bridges have now been named for race winners in a recent tradition meant to encourage use of the trails. All three are on concrete
pier foundations and rode out flash floods May 5. All hail the Crozet Trails Crew, volunteers who are building and maintaining Crozet’s trail network, which will someday make all Crozet efficiently connected by shady footpaths. The county will soon install new trail head signs posting rules for using the trails.
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A Biologist in the Emergency Department Before I was a doctor I was a biologist. From my earliest days I was fascinated by all aspects of Animalia and read voraciously anything I could find on the topic. To this day a prized gift from my youth, the Larousse Encyclopedia of Animal Life, occupies a prominent place on my bookshelf and I still consult it occasionally. So I enjoy the challenge I often face in the ED of identifying various specimens that police and patients bring in. The police occasionally bring me bones or bone fragments found by some citizen that they want identified as human or not. Sometimes this is straightforward. Adult animal long bones are denser than adult human long bones and are shaped differently. Distinguishing a deer femur from a human femur is easy. Sometimes it can be more complicated though. Infant bones are very similar in density whether animal or human. Some animals’ body parts resemble humans’ closely. The skeletal appearance of black bear paws for example look very similar to skeletal adult human hands and raccoon paws can be mistaken for children’s hands when all that is left is bones. Bone fragments and small bones are best left to expert forensic anthropologists to try to identify. More commonly, my patients bring me critters that have bitten them or may have bitten them. From spiders to snakes, caterpillars to bedbugs, ticks, lice, chiggers, centipedes and millipedes, silverfish, cockroaches and various imaginary pests, I sort through it all. I have learned to be wary of the assurances that the critter in the Tupperware is dead; many have recovered by the time I pop off the lid. Generously, I let the residents
take the first look now. Some of the specimens have disappeared from their captivity altogether, which can be concerning in its own way. Enjoy the car ride home! I saw a typical case recently. A young man with a worried expression sat clutching a Tupperware container. He had been bitten on the face by a spider and he was worried that the creature in the container was the dreaded brown recluse spider. Also, he had heard that bites to the face were the most dangerous. I have never heard this. He had a small area of pale swelling at his temple and two small puncture wounds in the center of the swelling. Yes, a spider bite most likely. Before I could stop him or call a resident over, he had popped the lid of the Tupperware container and thrust it at me for identification. Fortunately what was left of the small brown spider was truly dead and gone. And no, it was not a brown recluse. In fact brown recluse spiders (Loxosceles reclusa) do not even live in Virginia. Their range is in the Midwest. Brown recluse spiders have an undeserved and outsized reputation for causing human misery. They are shy (hence the reclusa) nocturnal creatures that have small fangs that cannot penetrate most clothing and rarely bite anyway. Most of their bites are when trapped under clothing and result in little more than a small welt. Occasionally though, it is thought (based on limited data), that they can cause a great deal of tissue damage which can take months to heal. There is no antidote and nothing to do. Brown recluse spiders usually have a violin marking on their cephalothorax, the front portion of their body, but so do other common spiders like the harmless cellar spider, which is found in Virginia. If you continued on page 29
MEMORIES & RECIPES FROM AN ITALIAN KITCHEN [ by denise zito • email@example.com \
The Secret to Perfect Thin Pizza even after having been baked on a stone. Then I learned that I was adding too much yeast. I cut way back on the yeast and that was a little better. I also learned that you allow the dough to rise in the refrigerator instead of a warm room temp, as for bread. Finally, I have verified the holy grail of the perfect pizza dough, that crisp but chewy delight that I’ve been seeking. The stone, the very high oven temperature and the small amount of yeast are all important, but the real secret is the flour. I had heard about Italian ground ‘00’ flour but dismissed it as merely a marketing ploy. When I decided to give it a try, I sought it out in Charlottesville. Foods of All Nations didn’t have it and Whole Foods didn’t have it either! I ended up mail-ordering it from a market near my Godfather’s house in Pittsburgh that agreed to ship it to my house. (Labriola’s Italian Market, Murrysville, PA). Since then I discovered it is locally available at Mona Lisa Pasta in Charlottesville. This 00 flour is more a finely ground and different wheat than our domestic all-purpose flour. The difference shows itself in stretchy pizza dough that cooks up crisp and tastes delicious. Here’s the thing: to be really successful you need to cook like a European and use weight-based measurement instead of our American method that uses volume. Get yourself a scale and try it!
Thin-Crust Pizza Dough 153 grams (1 cup) Antima Caputo Italian ‘00’ flour 153 gm (1 cup) all-purpose unbleached white flour 8 gm salt (1 tsp) 200 gm warm water (1 cup) 2 gm yeast (½ tsp) 4 gm olive oil (1 tsp) Combine the flours and salt. Mix the water, oil and yeast together and then pour into the flour. Mix just until the dough forms, cover and let ‘rest’ for 15 minutes. Knead dough for five minutes, divide in half. Put each piece of dough in a separate bowl, cover and refrigerate for 24 hours. Preheat oven to 450°F. If you have a pizza stone, allow the stone to preheat also. Remove dough from refrigerator and knead on a floured board for five minutes. Form into a circle and gently stretch the dough, forming it into a 12-inch circle. Perhaps the most important part of this is making sure that the dough will slide around on the counter so that it can be scooped up with a cookie sheet and slid onto the hot stone. Keep adding flour to the board until the entire pie will slide around on the counter. Top with some olive oil and then your choice: sliced tomatoes and a cup of grated Romano cheese; sauteed spinach and anchovies; pesto and steamed broccoli; Gorgonzola and sautéed mushrooms; or, for you conventional types: tomato sauce/oregano/mozzarella cheese. Bake for 8-10 minutes until the topping is bubbly and the crust is brown.
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We didn’t make pizza when I was young. Pizza was something you bought on the street corner. It was sold by the ‘slice’ and the slice was a five-by-five-inch piece of dough with sauce and cheese. Most of the pizza sold in my hometown was Neapolitan-style, i.e. thin crust. My Sicilian grandmother made thick crust pizza, but my relations didn’t use the word pizza, instead calling it wisteda. It was made from the last of the bread dough, and was topped with fresh tomato and Romano cheese topping. It was an afterthought, not a meal. Here is the one cardinal rule of the Zito family when it comes to pizza. It was the only food item where oregano was sanctioned. I remember being at my aunt’s funeral in Chicago and going out to lunch with my dad and uncles. They questioned the waiter carefully to make sure this wasn’t some renegade outfit that put oregano in the pasta sauce. Those crazy descendants from mainland Italy would do that, but we whose parents came from Sicily can’t abide oregano with pasta; oregano goes on pizza. So I haven’t had a lot of direct knowledge of pizza making. I’ve never really enjoyed the thick doughy Sicilian type crust and have tried various schemes for making the perfect thin crust pizza. Pizza stones came into fashion about 15 years ago and I thought that was the answer to my dilemma. Nope; my crust was still too puffy,
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—continued from page 1
said Scheivert, who formerly taught history in Maryland and northern Virginia schools. “The device has a role. It’s not the main player. The main player is the curriculum. The device is a conduit. Technology can’t replace a teacher. This to help the teacher and student reach their goals. “We looked at the price of devices. Providing a personal learning device is not new. We’ve been doing it with physics students for four years now. We can put a device in students’ hands without jeopardizing other funding.” Scheivert said it will cost the county a total of $600 each to provide a student with a computer. The laptops are made by Lenovo and have 11.6–inch screens, 500 gigs of storage and four gigs of RAM. They will not have touch features, but Office and Photoshop will be installed. “That allows students to interact with content,” he said. Tests show the computers have a battery life of six hours when continuously streaming video. Scheivert said a charged computer should be able to make it through the school day before needing a recharge. “Students will keep the same device until graduation,” explained Scheivert. “They will turn them in at the end of the school year. We’ll refurbish them and give them the same computer back in the fall. We’re trusting kids with $1,000 worth of textbooks now.” Students will get a new computer when they start middle school (Jouett and Burley schools phase-in this year) and a new computer when they start high school. The county is using a state technology grant to pay for the laptops. No money is coming from the textbook budget, he said. “The budget item comes in the curriculum piece and investing in teachers and getting them to capitalize on digital possibilities. ‘The first reaction to chalkboards was that they would never take off,” said Scheivert (who lives in Crozet), alluding to Claudius Crozet, who is credited with introducing chalkboards to classrooms when he came to teach at West Point and needed a way to present engineering problems. “The kids we have exiting high school now are generationally differ-
CROZETgazette ent from the kids in middle school. The middle school kids are more adapted to technology. They have an expectation about technology. It’s in their life. “It’s a matter of the adaptation rate. We refer to “digital natives” and “digital immigrants.” Older people are immigrants. We haven’t moved the devices ahead of where the students are. We’ve been getting ready for three years. There isn’t a reason now to hold kids back. We want to provide for the students’ behalf.” Scheivert said the school division has tried to anticipate misuse problems. “When I talk to parent groups I show a picture of McGruff the crime dog. When we saw it, we knew the message was don’t take candy from strangers. The void we see is that we don’t have a figure like that now [whose message is broadly recognized]. “How do we teach digital security? How do we know who we are interacting with online? We have security precautions already in place. We’ve always had those for the computer labs. “Certain kids will make bad decisions. We want to teach right and wrong. We don’t vilify the technology over the behaviors. Students should know they shouldn’t be looking at pornography. There’s no real way to prevent technology break-ins. We take every reasonable precaution.” Scheivert said the school division will provide a publication to parents called A Parent’s Guide to Schoolprovided Laptops. “It demystifies educational jargon related to technology,” he said. “Parents can punish kids by taking the computer away.” Parent meetings will also be held at Western. “We have an over-arching idea about digital learning, but each school community implements it a little differently. It’s about the learning objectives they are really after. You don’t have to stop using books and newspapers. “I think the reception to the idea ranges from, ‘It’s about time!’ to ‘Are students capable?’ We want to enable students to reach their potential and the device is a conduit to spots they aren’t yet able to reach. We think we have all the pieces. We don’t expect things to go smoothly when we start up. We’ve worked some bugs out and continued on page 20
“No one can have God as Father who does not have the Church as Mother.” st. cyprian of carthage, c. 250 a.d.
by John Andersen
Start Now to Be Fit for the Women’s Four Miler The 2014 Charlottesville Women’s Four Miler will take place August 30. Starting at Foxfield, 3,500 women will head out scenic Garth Road. All proceeds go to the U.Va. Cancer Center’s Breast Care Program. It’s a great cause, and the proceeds stay local. For many women, running these four miles is like a walk in the park. They are “runners,” and they do the race to support the cause. But for many, walking—let alone running— four miles seems barely possible. This is the other success story of the Women’s Four Miler. As summer rolls around, many women look ahead to the four-miler as a chance to change their fitness and their life. Those of us blessed to have gotten out of the womb without any birth defects were made miraculously perfect for a life of physical activity. It’s simply who we are as humans. You have to marvel at the mastery of the human design: an incredible brain, an amazingly adaptable intestinal tract, capable of adapting to a huge variety of diets, and a body that was designed to move. Without a doubt, our bodies were made to walk and run long distances. Our feet and arches, our Achilles tendons, our glutes, and our spine are a few specific structures that serve to help us travel. What has become lost in our comfortable, easy 21st century lives is the necessity of exercise and outdoor activity. These things are now optional and often thought of as something that “exercise nuts” do. Not that long ago, everybody could walk four miles. You had to. Nowadays you only have to walk from your house to your car and many days that is the true limit of our physical activity. Physical activity is absolutely essential for our minds and bodies to be “right.” “Exercise nuts” are actually on to something. They may not be able to articulate it, or perhaps even realize it, but there is something innately satisfying about moving. It is simply who we are and how we are made. When we stop moving, our mind and body start breaking down.
Most of us were fortunate enough to start out perfect, but when we examine ourselves now, many do not see or feel that. We are overweight, out of shape, depressed, and tired. An entire lifetime of circumstances has led us to our current state. The thought of your body being designed to move may seem absurd. But your body was made perfect, and you can return to that state. It’s not going to be easy, and there will be some setbacks along the way, but you’re only limited by your own mind and your determination to change in your life. Every summer, the Women’s Four Miler offers thousands of women a focus, a goal, support and encouragement. If you are out of shape (and a woman!), I strongly encourage you to register and train for the Women’s Four Miler. Look at the race with a slightly different view. Instead of the four-mile race being the goal, let it be a great event on your way to a lifestyle of fitness. The race is a celebration; the training changes you and it doesn’t have to be hard or complicated. So I humbly offer my brief, practical guide to training for the Women’s Four Miler: • Commit to giving yourself one hour, four times a week, to exercise. You are worth it and you are not too busy. “Being too busy” is simply an excuse. Schedule it and commit to it. • If you are out of shape and have never run seriously before, don’t start out running! Running puts a lot of force on your legs and your legs need to adapt to that. You should be able to walk three miles comfortably and regularly before you start running. This is probably the number one reason many women get injured when training for the four miler. Running will come. Remember, running the four miler is not the goal. Showing up healthy and completing the four miler is. Nothing derails a fitness plan like a stress fracture or tendinitis injury. Give your body time to catch up. • Once you are walking three continued on page 37
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Events for the Crozet Community Camp Hanover Day Camp
June 23 - 27 • For Children entering 1st - 6th Grades
For more information visit www.crozetcares.com
JULY 12: MARK YOUR CALENDARS!
Blood Drive for Virginia Blood Services “Save local lives. Give blood local. Keep it local.”
Sign up now on the Crozet Cares Website, & we’ll remind you when the time comes!
Crozet Business Owners: Get free advertising! Register 5 + employees to donate blood, and we will add your logo and promote your business as part of our marketing campaign for the Blood Drive!
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5804 Tabor Street • Crozet www.taborpc.org • 434-823-4255
Crozet Library Receives Collection of National Park Books
—continued from page 18
when the laptops are prevalent, we’ll have enabled our teachers. “One thing we learned at Monticello is that laptop bags are not cool. They are cool to middle schoolers. But we’ll have protective sleeves for every computer to help cope with expected abuse. We have a fund to deal with accidents.” Scheivert said that all the computers issued at Monticello were returned. “At Walton, [where middle schoolers also received them last year] we have yet to lose a single one. When the device is personal, you don’t lose it.” The trial-run experience at Monticello also showed that implementation might have to be accelerated because of mixed classes where some kids have been issued laptops and others have not. “It will take four years to fully implement,” he said. “We had no resistance at Monticello. There have been unexpected benefits. We saw kids sitting
around figuring out how to scan a seat screw and print it on a 3-D printer to repair chairs that had lost screws. Kids can create movies that used to require lab. It’s opening doors for kids’ creativity and how they can apply what they’ve learned. “Libraries are still the primary resource location in the school, but we see them where they look more like libraries at colleges. It’s a place where they collaborate, not just check out books. “Digital gives us a way to meet students where they are. The opportunities for students to engage in a new way is profound and we are at that tipping point.”
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Jefferson-Madison Regional Library Director John Halliday, Greta Miller, executive director of the Shenandoah National Park Association, and Bobby Reynolds
Crozet Library has been given a collection of books donated by the bookstores at National Parks across the country. Greta Miller, executive director of the Shenandoah National Park Association, which runs the park’s two visitor center bookstores, presented 105 books to Jefferson-Madison Regional Library Director John Halliday May 14. Thirteen parks responded to an
idea from Crozetian John Reynolds to collect books about parks for the library. The donated books include field guides and an impressive selection on Civil War subjects. “This is the first time a request like this has been made,” said Miller. “Our focus is on supporting interpretative programs and so the books are valuable for topics in American geography and history.”
New Comedy Set in Crozet to Open at Carysbrook A new comedy set in a Crozet trailer park in 1965 by Scottsville playwright Langden Mason will open at the Carysbrook Center for Performing Arts in Fork Union June 13 and run for two weekends. The trailer park in Pinching Petunias bears a close resemblance to one on Park Street, and Crozet residents will recognize local family names, places, and even personalities, such as a now-deceased lady in the park who gave sanctuary to some 50 cats. As the story goes, on July 3, 1965, Frank Louvado, a 64-year-old from Brooklyn, steps from an abandoned trailer at the Peach Grove Trailer Court in Crozet, suffering from a hangover. As the morning unfolds, his sobering encounters with a precocious twelve-yearold, an overly friendly neighbor, and a hottempered mechanic lead him to a chance meeting with 59-year old Estelle Purvis. Will love bloom for two strangers this late in the game, or will Estelle’s stubborn streak keep her bound in her ways? Mason called the play “a funny, heartwarming story of North meeting South in the foothills of the Blue
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Ridge.” A review blurb says it’s “an hilarious account of life in Crozet in the ’60s.” Performance dates are June 13, 14, 15 and 20, 21, and 22. Friday and Saturday performances are at 7:30 p.m. and Sunday matinees start at 3 p.m. Tickets are $12 in advance, $15 at the door, and $10 for students. Check the website, carysbrook.org, for details. The Carysbrook Center, 8880 James Madison Hwy, is located 5 miles south of Palmyra on Route 15.
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Once Bitten, Never Shy? “Jack” is a 5-year-old Jack Russell Terrier who came in on emergency one day with a swollen and painful face. Jack and his parents live in North Garden and the best they could tell, Jack was hanging out in their backyard and suddenly came running up to them pawing at his face. They saw some blood and then noticed his lips were swelling, so they wisely brought him straight in. Looking Jack over, he was surprisingly bright and alert despite his lips and muzzle seeming to swell and bruise more and more by the minute. Sure enough, on the right side of his muzzle were the telltale marks— two small punctures that were oozing blood and surrounded by bruising. Classic snakebite. As the weather is now warming up, it’s snake season! They certainly
have a purpose on this planet, but boy, I’d be happy never to see one in nature again. Unfortunately, our dogs look at snakes with curiosity, needing to sniff, nuzzle, or paw at them to check them out. It’s no surprise that the snakes are not amused and will strike out of fear, not aggression. Jack did well; we treated him supportively and watched him for the day to make sure he didn’t start to crash on us. Believe it or not, that was Jack’s fourth snakebite! All are presumed to be from copperheads. If he could talk, he’d say he’s just doing his job. So here’s a crash course on what you need to know about snakes in Virginia and your pets. Non-venomous snakes: In 12 years of practice, I have never had a dog come in because of a nonvenomous snakebite. Garter snakes, black snakes, and Northern brown water snakes —these are common, but harmless and pose no risk to
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Warrior Sports News Warrior Teams Stride into Championship Season by David Wagner firstname.lastname@example.org It’s been a great spring for Warrior athletics with numerous Jefferson District, Conference 29 and even one 3A West Region championship already claimed by Western Albemarle. The spring is an extremely busy time for high school sports with nearly 20 teams (Junior Varsity and Varsity) competing at Western alone. The Girls Tennis team blew through the Conference 29 competition en route to the 3A West Region championship, earning them a berth in the state tournament. Led by Senior Emily Kochard, the Warriors defeated Turner Ashby 5-0, Fort Defiance 5-0 and Spotswood 5-1 to win the Conference 29 championship. The Lady Warriors then mowed down the competition in the 3A Regional playoffs, beating Lord Botetourt 5-1 and Cave Spring 5-0 before facing Spotswood again and dispatching the Trailblazers 5-0 to win the 3A West Region championship. Kochard and Maddy Ix each won their singles matches in all six matches in straight sets. Lauren Kearns won five times in the six matches as did Stephanie Barton and Savannah Diamond. Barton won all of her matches in straight sets as well, and Diamond was taken to three sets only once in her five wins. The girls will be playing at Western Albemarle on June 10 in the first round of the state tournament. Varsity Girls Soccer completed their run through the Conference 29 playoffs on Saturday, May 31. They defeated Waynesboro 6-0, Turner Ashby 1-0 and Broadway 1-0 to claim the conference championship and advance to the 3A West Regional playoffs. On June 2 the girls defeated Staunton River High School at Western Albemarle 3-0 to advance to the region semi-finals (semi-final game played on June 4 was too late for this edition). Anna Sumpter,
Sarah Watkins and Nichole Heon scored the goals for the Warriors on Monday. Lillian Meggs and Sumpter each had an assist. Sumpter added two goals in the Waynesboro win and Alexis Hucek, Emma Ratcliffe, Eleri Hayden and Heon each scored one. Ratcliffe and Erin Clark each had an assist in the game. In the semi-final win over Turner Ashby, Sarah Grupp had the only goal and Hucek scored the game winner against Broadway in the Conference 29 championship game. Varsity Boy’s Soccer annihilated their opponents in the Conference 29 playoffs, scoring 21 goals and 3 shutouts over the three-game tourney. They defeated Broadway 10-0 in the quarterfinals, Spotswood 5-0 in the semi-finals and Turner Ashby 6-0 in the championship game. And it didn’t get any tougher in the first round of the 3A West Region playoffs. The Warriors hosted Brookville (Campbell County) and won by a staggering score of 13-0. Led by Senior Forrest White (3 goals, 1 assist) the Warriors are a serious contender for the 3A state championship. White set two unofficial VHSL records on Monday night with his 3-goal, 1-assist performance. He scored 52 goals this year, setting a new single-season state record and he now has 290 points (goals/assists combined) for his career, also a new state record. Jake Paulson and Aidan Sinclair added two goals apiece in the Brookville match and Colin Moore, Will Alton, Michael Nafziger, Carrington Murphy, Nik Drapannas and Santi Campos-Lopez all scored once. Chase Stokes added two assists, Chris Ferguson added two assists and Paulson had one assist to go with his two goals on the night. The Warriors played in the region semi-finals on June 4, too late for this edition. Lacrosse is a different animal, as most schools in the state don’t play the sport. Therefore, instead of concontinued on page 29
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Euphemistically Speaking by Clover Carroll | email@example.com
Next month, I’ll be moving to a new house—or as my realtor would correct me, a new home. It is a “handyman’s delight”—which is a nice way of saying it’s a dump that will require a lot of work to make it livable. So last night, I was invited to a party to meet my new neighbors. As I entered the modest, one-story ranch, I was greeted by my host. “Welcome to our castle!” he sang out as he pumped my arm in a vigorous handshake. “Come right in, can I get you a long tall one? Most of us are hitting the sauce, you know, tying one on, getting sloshed.” he chortled, winking broadly. “All except my wife—she’s got a bun in the oven, so she’s on the wagon, bless her heart.” His wife, filling trays of hors-d’oeuvres nearby, looked daggers at him. “Thank you so much for including me in your festivities,” I replied, and accepting the glass he handed me, headed into the living room to join the conversation. “Welcome to the neighborhood,” one guest greeted me. “So where do you work?” “I teach at the high school,” I said. “No kidding, I used to teach there myself! Which classroom are you in?” she asked. “Actually, I’m in one of the learning cottages—they call me Queen of the Double Wide,” I joked. “This month has been nothing but tests
and more tests.” “Don’t you mean assessments?” she asked with a laugh. “What do you think of the situation in Ukraine?” a man in a nearby group was asking. “That so-called ‘military exercise’ was nothing but a flat-out invasion!” “You’re right,” another guest agreed. “If we used some ‘enhanced interrogation techniques’ on those not-Russian soldiers, they’d spill the beans fast enough!” Not feeling in the mood for politics, I excused myself to go to the powder room. These party-goers were accomplished users of euphemisms, that is, words or phrases that substitute a positive concept for a negative one. A euphemism is a specialized use of metaphor—comparing alcohol to a condiment, for example—that serves either to avoid offending, or to outright dupe, our listeners. Euphemisms soften an unpleasant or offensive truth by substituting a more acceptable, usually indirect, alternative. It might be difficult to send our children off to take tests in trailers, but assessments in learning cottages? Not so bad. The United States doesn’t use torture—that would violate international law. But interrogation? No problem, whether enhanced or not. Deriving from the Greek, euphemism literally means “good word” or “good speaking”—the opposite of blasphemy, or “evil speaking.” Some believe it is named after Eupheme, nurse to the muses in Greek mythology—giving it a con-
notation of healing. From “pre-owned vehicle” (used car) to “love handle” (fat roll), we use euphemisms every day without thinking. They act as a social code that may be thought of as “oil in the wheels of society, allowing us to discuss… matters that are too hurtful or shaming to be spoken of directly (Michael Quinion, wordwidewords.org).” They “cover up the facts of life—of sex and reproduction and e xc r e t i o n — w h i c h inevitably remind even the most refined people that they are made of clay, or worse” (Hugh Rawson, Dictionary of Euphemisms (1981). Many euphemisms surround the topic of death. It is so painful to acknowledge that someone we love has died that we say instead that s/ he “passed on/away,” “met his/her maker,” “went home/to be with the Lord,” or was “laid to rest.” We also avoid describing the person as dead by referring to them as the departed, dearly beloved, or late (as in “my late mother”). Similarly, we avoid using the words kill or murder, replacing them instead with bump/ knock off, dispatch, execute, liquidate, or neutralize. The homicide rate is so much easier to contemplate than the murder rate. Just think of all the euphemisms we’ve come up with for the room where we relieve ourselves! The toilet is nearest the truth, but how often do we instead visit the necessary, lavatory, john, water closet, or restroom? Just as silly are the many ways we
describe the act itself. Pardon me while I “take a leak/whizz,” “relieve myself,” or “use the facilities.” And I’ll try hard not to break wind before I go! As for my dog, I take him outside to “do his duty/business.” When viewed objectively, how preposterous is that? Closely related to this category–because also involving our “private parts”–are the many euphemisms dealing with sex. When does harmless “necking,” “spooning,” or “making out” move closer to the realm of “hooking up,” “going all the way,” “getting laid,” “sleeping together,” or—the nicest of these expressions—“making love”? Gus Kahn had great fun with the wink-winknudge-nudge nature of these expressions when he wrote the song “Making Whoopee” (1928), considered quite risqué for its time. Women who do make whoopee should be careful not to end up “in trouble” or getting “in a family way.” At its worst—for example in the context of finance, employment, and military actions, euphemism is “the language of evasion, hypocrisy, prudery, and deceit” (R.W. Holder, Oxford Dictionary of Euphemisms (1995). Doesn’t “correctional facility” sound much more palatable than “jail”—thus sugar coating the idea of mass imprisonment? And after working for years as a sanitation engineer (garbage man), maintenance worker (janitor), or school resource officer (policeman), when there is a “financial downturn” (economic depression) we might be “let
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Welcome, Summer! 1 2 3 Across 1 Her day was in May 14 4 Olympic swimmer turned Flash 13 Gordon and Buck Rogers, 18 17 Buster _____ 10 Milk, sauce, or bean 20 13 At a distance 15 Oscar Wilde’s Picture 22 23 23 of _____ Grey 16 Number cruncher: Abbr. 28 29 27 17 June signature fragrance? 32 33 19 Hem partner 20 Savory scent 36 37 21 Drudgery 22 Biological building block, 41 42 100 trillion per human 23 SA party of Nelson Mandela 45 25 _____ in sight: apparently infinite 27 June sparklers (even their 44 47 49 larvae glow) 32 Twirl 51 52 34 She sheep 60 61 35 “_____ your hands, all ye people”–Psalm 47:1 63 64 36 Candied vegetable 37 Gets bearings 66 67 40 Airport abbreviation 41 Bar seat 43 Twosome 44 Signs of full houses: Abbr. Down 1 Raja prefix, literally 45 Summer afternoon sound “great” and fury? 2 “_____ a beaker full of 49 Act part the warm south”–Keats 50 Uncle to Zorro 3 Barcelona hand 51 Falco or Sedgwick 4 They replaced vinyl 53 Lentil stews 5 Big defeat 56 Sculpted trunk 6 American oil corp. 60 Tried to get elected 61 Juicy cling or freestone treats since 1866 7 Teeny weeny summer 63 Arena cheer sight? 64 Layette piece 8 FIFA _____ d’Or, best 65 Sharpen male footballer award 66 Sibling sobriquet 9 Austin-Savannah dir. 67 Snowy herons 10 Appointment secretaries 68 Sault _____ Marie, 11 Australian national UP Mich. City gemstone 12 Sailboat with two masts
Solution on page 30
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Across Down 3 Male bees 1 Farmers need bees for ___ 5 The ___ bee lays the eggs 2 Bees are colored black and ___ 6 Bees do not like ___ weather 4 Honey is sweet and ___ 8 Honey graham crackers 7 ___ clean the hive are a good ___ 10 Bees’ home 9 A large group of bees 1 1 Honey ___ 1 1 Bees carry pollen in a ___ 12 Number of legs on a bee on their hind legs 13 Reason for “ouch!”
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The inaugural Crozet Running Trail 5K was held May 10 at Mint Springs Valley Park. 163 runners toed the starting line at the field by the upper lake and took on a very challenging mountain 5K course that begins with a 500-foot climb. Race director John Andersen, who organized the race with his wife Michelle—they are the owners of Crozet Running—said he considered the race “the toughest 5K in Virginia.” Michael Dubovsky won the race in 24:16.5 minutes, setting a new record for the course. Runners took off in cool, overcast weather following trails marked by orange tape up Bucks Elbow Mountain and Little Yellow Mountain before winding down to the finish line near the playground. Volunteers were posted at every trail intersection and the race came off flawlessly. Before the start, Andersen asked runners to raise their hand if they had never run a trail race. At least 100 people raised their hands. “This was a race I had been planning long before Michelle and I opened Crozet Running,” said Andersen. “Our mission was simply to provide a venue to get people out on the trails, get active, and have them try something new. We wanted it to be a great community event and for all finishers to be proud of themselves for doing something physically
challenging.” All runners received a finisher’s T-shirt and were treated to water, fruit, and Clif bars. All 163 runners finished. Ellen Tani won the women’s field with a time of 30 minutes 10 seconds. Joseph Taylor (29:31) and Alyssa Santoro-Adajian (40:39) won the boys and girls 12 and under category, Brian Dickert (31:24) and Cheri Witt (32:47) won the men’s and ladies masters division, and John Ratcliffe (26:36), finishing second, and Christiann Rogers (32:38) won the men’s and ladies grandmasters division. “We made it a free race so that there were no barriers preventing anyone from coming out and having a good time being active,” said Andersen. “We couldn’t have done it without our local sponsors: Lauren Morris State Farm purchased all the shirts, Allie Pesch with AMP designs created our awesome logo and advertisement, The Crozet Trails Crew helped with volunteers and a prize, and the Western Albemarle Rescue Squad was there in case anyone was injured. Albemarle County Parks and Recreation helped with preparation, ACAC Physical Therapy with food and drinks, and the Crozet Running Ultrarunning Team helped get the park set up.” Andersen said the race will be an annual event. See page 35 for complete race results!
Women in Ministry Strive for Equal Status Women in ministry got coached on how to improve their effectiveness as preachers at a “Pumps in the Pulpit” conference at Crozet Baptist Church May 1. “We don’t want you to step behind the pulpit not feeling confident,” Colleen Swingle-Titus, copastor of Crozet Baptist Church, told the group of two dozen ministers who participated. Most were from central Virginia, but others came from the Valley, Richmond and even North Carolina. Kate Burke, a U.Va. drama professor, taught a “lectio divina” lesson and coached the ministers to how to improve their delivery of sermons. Burke, a specialist in voice, is usually teaching actors how to perform Shakespeare. “I was given a divine revelation to apply it to scripture,” she said. “I’ve been doing it for three years. Language has architecture. Most
people don’t realize it and they read and speak flatly, monotonously. I teach then to proclaim the words. It is the truth. We don’t know how to mark occasions vocally. “Women are told they don’t have the right to proclaim,” she explained. “This is about being given your voice to speak with authority. One point is to speak in a lower range of the voice.” “I felt called to the ministry when I was 17,” recalled Jessica Fuller, who is ordained and is the youth minister at Crozet United Methodist Church now. “I was told, ‘You don’t mean the pulpit, do you?’” Swingle-Titus said that in some churches, “Women have not been granted the right to preach. There is a fear of loss of power by male figures in churches. Even in denominations where women are ordained, there is a big pay discrepancy.
From left: Jessica Fuller, Crozet United Methodist Church youth minister, holding her daughter Jenna Grace; Jennifer Clamon of Waynesboro’s First Baptist Church; Colleen Swingle-Titus of Crozet Baptist Church; Natalie Kline, “a freelance preacher,” and Jewel-Ann Parton of Tabor Presbyterian Church.
“People will say they are open to a woman, but they wouldn’t consider a woman for an opening as a pastor. There’s a glass ceiling for women. “We respect those who take the
view—theologically—that women shouldn’t preach.” She said opponents of women preaching typically point to Timothy’s text about the submission of women and that they continued on page 39
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We Want to Know About GMO Foods! [ by elena day • email@example.com \ Back in the early ’60s the Kennedy space program was a big deal. There was buzz about futuristic scenarios in which we would only need to swallow one pill to provide for all our nutritional needs. (This probably had to do with the unavailability of foodstuffs other than orange-flavored Tang on spacecraft.) Space travel and exploration has been totally unappealing to me since because of the unavailability of wholesome food—or any familiar food—on space missions. On April 16 the Vermont Senate passed a “no strings attached” Genetically Modified Organism labeling bill. Governor Shumlin signed the bill on May 8 and on May 9 the 300-plus member Grocery Manufacturers Association (GMA) moved to sue Vermont in federal court to overturn the new law. GMO labeling will go into effect in July 2016. It is important to note that the GMA membership includes not only Monsanto, Dow, Pepsi, Coca Cola and General Mills (the usual suspects) but also Kashi, Cascadian Farm, Odwalla, Naked Juice, Honest Tea, Muir Glen, Gerber, and Santa Cruz Organic, to name a few. Many of these organic food companies have been bought up by the big guys: for example, Pepsi (Naked Juice), Coke (Honest Tea), and General Mills (Cascadian Farms and Muir Glen). There is money in organic foods and the big players are willing to buy up smaller companies. For a navigable listing of GMA members who contributed millions of dollars to the defeat of Washington State’s Initiative 522, an attempt to label GMO ingredients, and those companies that support or do not actively oppose GMO labeling, go to www. cornucopia.org/wp-content/ uploads/2013/11/I-522.poster.1101. jpg The Vermont law is a big one, even though it’s a small state. Monsanto and the GMA have effectively blocked GMO labeling legislation in 30 states at the cost of over $100 million.
In Oregon, Jackson County and neighboring Josephine County approved a ballot initiative to ban GMOs from the Rogue Valley. Although the Oregon governor had signed a bill to disallow local governments from regulating GMOs, Jackson County activists had gathered enough signatures to place the measure on the ballot before passage of the industry-sponsored bill last fall. The initiative passed May 20. A statewide measure to label GMOs is on the Oregon ballot this November. In Congress, the Grocery Manufacturers Association continues to push for passage of the socalled “Safe and Accurate Food Labeling Act of 2014,” which will nullify state laws regulating or banning GMOs. The bill, sponsored by Rep. Pompeo (R-Kansas), has been dubbed DARK: “Denying Americans the Right to Know.” To date, more than 60 countries have restricted GMOs or passed labeling laws for them. In the European Union, GMOs have been banned since 1997. However, GM animal feed (corn and soybeans) imported from the U.S., Argentina, etc., is not. Mexico banned GM corn last September. Monsanto and the SEMARNAT (the Mexican Environment and Natural Resources ministry) appealed the decision. An Appeals Court judge upheld the ruling. Now Monsanto has requested the removal of the Appeals Court judge. Mexico is a Vavilov Center of Diversity, meaning it is a center for the origin of cultivated plants. The origin of corn or maize is the Tehuacan Valley. The highest diversity of corn’s wild relatives is found in Mexico. The Accion Colectiva, which led the movement for the ban, has reached out to the medical community in Argentina, where there is recent scientific documentation of glyphosate’s adverse effects on fetuses (Dr. Anthony Carrasca). Here in the U.S., the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will be conducting a registration review of glyphosate, or Roundup®. Moms Across America and Thinking Moms’ Revolution met with EPA officials (after 10,000
Moms called in demanding a meeting) to ask that Roundup® be recalled. Moms provided EPA with test results recording unsafe levels of glyphosate residues in drinking water, breast milk and children’s urine. A number of Moms testified regarding autism, leaky gut syndrome and celiac disease, and their switch to organic diets that improved or cured the medical condition of their children. A recent article in the independent journal Entropy by Dr. Stephanie Seneff of MIT argues that glyphosate residues “enhance damaging effects of food-borne chemical residues and toxins in the environment to disrupt normal body functions and induce disease.” Dr. Seneff writes that glyphosate is possibly the most important factor in development of chronic diseases in Western(ized) societies. These chronic afflictions included autism, multiple sclerosis, allergies, colitis, Crohn’s disease, cancer, and obesity,
among others. At this point we are all probably contaminated by glyphosate residues regardless of our diet. Monsanto claims that Roundup® is safe because the shikimate pathway (weed killer mechanism) is absent in animals. The pathway is present in bacteria, however. Dr. Seneff argues that glyphosate residues disrupt microbe function and life cycles of bacteria in the gut. More on this next month. I cannot imagine efforts in Virginia to ban GMOs or even label them. Virginia is a follower state, not a leader at this point in history. Let’s hope the state gets it together regarding the proposed fracking in our agricultural counties east of Fredericksburg, in the Northern Neck and Middle Peninsula. Our crown jewel, the Chesapeake Bay, is not only undergoing pollution by industrial/chemical agriculture, but may soon be at risk from chemical contamination from fracking, too.
warns us about the treacherous use of euphemisms in politics and advertising with his fictional “Newspeak.” The totalitarian Party turns language completely upside down, replacing objectionable ideas with their opposites. Big Brother is a warm, fuzzy name for the government’s constant surveillance of its citizens; if one transgresses, s/he may be sent to a “joycamp” to perform forced labor. The Ministry of Peace is actually the arm of the government that conducts war. This exaggerated use of euphemism highlights the way language can be used as a tool of manipulation. Back at the party one woman was asking another, “Does this dress make me look fat?” “Of course not!” came the answer. “You’re not fat—you’re just big-boned. That dress looks great on you!” “Don’t listen to her,” the pleasingly plump woman scoffed. “She’s a few sandwiches short of a picnic.” I said goodnight and headed home, knowing I would fit right in to this crowd.
—continued from page 24
go” or given a “pink slip” when the company “downsizes,” “streamlines operations,” or “reconfigures resources to better align with emerging market conditions.” Does getting RIFed (Reduction in Force) really feel any better than getting fired? For other examples, watch George Carlin’s euphemism spoof on YouTube, where he traces the evolution of “shell shock” into “post traumatic stress disorder,” among others. In the recent debate over whether to attack Syria, our leaders assured us it would only be a “surgical strike” (more appealing than targeted bombing) and would not involve “boots on the ground” (soldiers in the line of fire). Yet, even under these conditions we would likely cause “collateral damage” (a nicer way of saying civilian casualities). George Orwell (1903-1950), in his brilliant dystopian novel 1984,
Gazette Vet —continued from page 22
your pets. Cats really seem to like hunting garter snakes and if your cat goes outside, don’t be surprised to find an injured garter snake in your living room one day! Venomous snakes: Virginia has three species of native venomous snakes: the Northern Copperhead, the Eastern Cottonmouth, and the Timber Rattlesnake. The Eastern Cottonmouth doesn’t (shouldn’t!) live in our part of Virginia, so now we can narrow it down to just two species we have to worry about, copperheads and timber rattlers. Copperheads are by far the most common venomous snake around here and make up about 95 percent of the snakebites we see. This is good, because although copperhead bites are always a medical emergency, these are rarely fatal if treated quickly. Copperhead bites will quickly swell and bruise, often with some blood oozing from the punctures. Fortunately, this is usually as bad as it gets and they tend to stabilize over several hours and resolve after a few days. However, it is not uncommon for copperhead bites to lead to low blood pressure/shock, and platelet/clotting issues. Thus, you should always bring your dog to the vet or emergency vet ASAP after a copperhead bite. We do not treat with antivenom, we simply support the animals as needed with pain medication, fluids, +/- antiinflammatories, +/- antibiotics. Copperheads can be identified best by the dark, sideways hourglassshaped markings on their bodies. These are often confused with the northern brown water snake, which has dark markings that are wider in
Medicine —continued from page 16
really want to identify a brown recluse here is a tip. Unlike most other spiders that have eight eyes brown recluse spiders have six eyes. Good luck trying to count them in a live spider or in a squashed spider though. My resident finally got around to seeing the young man and examining his spider, which he concluded was a funnel-weaving spider or grass
JUNE 2014 the middle and narrow towards the sides (the opposite of an hour glass). Timber Rattlesnakes, though much less common than copperheads, tend to have much worse envenomations. Rattlesnake venom often causes massive tissue damage at the site of the bite and is more likely to lead to shock and circulatory collapse. I have seen just one rattlesnake bite in 12 years, and the dog did survive, but ultimately needed a week of hospitalization and three different surgeries over several weeks to recover fully. So, imagine you’re hiking with your dog and she gets bit by a venomous snake—what do you do? Stay calm. Get her to a veterinarian ASAP. If it’s the weekend and your regular vet isn’t open, there are two emergency veterinary hospitals in Charlottesville. Get her seen immediately; don’t wait. If you are two miles into the woods, stay calm and get back to the car as quickly as possible. Don’t try to suck venom out, tourniquet the leg, or cut the skin open. The best thing you can do is carry your dog (if she’s light enough). We want her to keep as calm and inactive as possible to reduce swelling and keep her heart rate low. If she’s a big dog, walk her out of the woods. Don’t run. Stay calm. Take it or leave it, snakes are a part of the wild world we live in and when we get outside with our pets, occasionally the two are going to meet. Fortunately, for all of the dogs that live around here and hike regularly, snakebites are relatively rare. Don’t stay out of the woods for fear of snakes! Keeping your dog on leash will greatly minimize the risk of snakebite.
spider. Like all spiders, it is venomous, but it is not really very harmful. As a biologist I was gratified and impressed that my resident was well enough versed in field biology to be able to tell one spider species from the next and I asked him how he had come to identify it. We do not keep a Larousse encyclopedia in the ED as far as I know. He looked at me with a practiced patience and let me in on a little secret. He and the med student had Googled it.
WAHS Sports —continued from page 23
ference and region playoffs they have group and zone playoffs. The Varsity Girls Lacrosse team won the district regular season and then went on to win the Charlottesville Group Championship and the Zone Championship. In the Charlottesville group playoffs they defeated Monticello 18-9 in the semi-finals and Albemarle in the finals 15-13. The Albemarle game was an exciting back and forth game with 5 ties and 4 lead changes. It was the Warrior’s second win in three games against the Patriots this year. In the group title game, the Warriors got on the board first when Olivia Rentz scored to make it 1-0 Western. The Patriots scored the next three goals. Western retaliated with four in a row of their own before Albemarle scored back-toback to tie the game at 5 all. The Warriors then scored three more times (Kate Snyder, Hannah Shuler and Sammie Magargee) and went to the half with a 9-7 lead. The two teams traded goals to start the second half, with Albemarle scoring first, giving Western a 10-8 lead. Albemarle then got hot and took back the lead back the lead,1110. It was the Patriots’ first lead since early in the first half when the score was 3-1 Albemarle. The Warriors then tied the game at 11 all when Magargee found Ellie Allen wide open for the score and the tie. Then Allison Berg scored back to back, unassisted goals for Western to give the Warriors a 13-11 lead, which they would not relinquish. Magargee and Snyder would each score again for Western to seal the
victory and give the Warriors the Charlottesvile group title. Magargee would finish the game with 4 goals and 3 assists, leading the way for the Warriors. Western would go on to an 18-6 victory at home versus E. C. Glass (Lynchburg) in the zone playoffs to secure a spot in the regional playoffs. The regional playoff game was too late for this edition. Boys Lacrosse defeated Monticello 17-1 in the group semifinals (their third win over the Mustangs in 2014, outscoring Monticello 52-11 in the three games) before losing 8-6 to Albemarle in the title game. It was their third loss to the Patriots this year, losing by 2 each time. The top two teams in the group advance to the zone playoffs, so the semi-final win over Monticello ensured the Warriors of another game. As the runner-up, Western was on the road, facing E.C. Glass in Lynchburg, whom they had beaten on the road earlier, 9-6. Western had a 3-2 lead at the end of the first quarter, a 7-5 lead at the half and in the third quarter they outscored the Hilltoppers 5-0. The final score was 17-9. “The defense really settled in and the offense came to life,” said head coach Alex Whitten. “We dominated transition opportunities and forced an up-tempo style of game and their young team really couldn’t match our energy.” Jack Loffredo won 20 of 29 faceoffs, Luke Reilly had 3 goals and two assists, Clark Sipe had 4 goals and 1 assist and Justin Haws added 3 goals for the Warriors. Carson Franklin had 13 saves in goal for Western, playing solidly as usual. The Warriors hosted Atlee too late for this edition.
Picnics in the Park to Start June 20 Crozet Park will host a new monthly event series, Picnics in the Park, starting Friday, June 20 from 6 to 8:30 p.m. Admission to the picnic is free. Everyone is welcome! Bring your blanket and chairs, your favorite games, and hang out in one of the most beautiful spots in all of Crozet. Locally owned Blue Ridge Pizza Company will be serving its
incredible pizza or you can bring your own picnic. The park will sell non-alcoholic beverages. This event serves as the kick-off of the “Beautify Crozet Park” campaign. After the picnic, enjoy movie night at the pool. Bring your swimsuit. Daily pass rates are available: adults: $8; youth/seniors $3. Picnics are also planned for July 18 and August 15.
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CHILDREN/YOUNG READERS The Fault in Our Stars John Green (14 and up) Will Grayson, Will Grayson John Green (14 and up) Why We Broke Up Daniel Handler (14 and up) The Day the Crayons Quit Drew Daywalt (picture book) Bliss Kathryn Littlewood (ages 8 - 12)