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Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper Printmaking normally covers only the process of creating prints with an element of originality, rather than just being a photographic reproduction of a painting. Except in the case of monotyping, the process is capable of producing multiples of the same piece, which is called a 'print'. Each piece produced is not a copy but considered 'an original' since it is not a reproduction of another work of art and is technically (more correctly) known as an 'impression'.


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Relief printing: where the ink goes on the original surface of the matrix. Relief techniques include: woodcut or woodblock as the Asian forms are usually known, wood engraving, linocut and metalcut; Intaglio: where the ink goes beneath the original surface of the matrix. Intaglio techniques include: engraving, etching, mezzotint, aquatint, chine-collĂŠ and drypoint; Planographic: where the matrix retains its entire surface, but some parts are treated to make the image. Planographic techniques include: lithography, monotyping, and digital techniques. Stencil: including: screen-printing and pochoir


Relief printing Relief printing has had a long history. Its first recorded use was in Asia during the 1st century, and it was later introduced into western culture around the 15th century.


Relief printing artists

Katsushika Hokusai

Katsushika Hokusai, in an 1839 selfportrait

Red Fuji from Hokusai'


Relief printing artists

Katsushika Hokusai

Travellers Crossing the Oi


Relief printing artists

Katsushika Hokusai

The Great Wave off Kanagawa


Relief printing artists

Edmund Evans

The Art Album 1861


Relief printing artists

Edmund Evans

Beauty and the Beast 1874


Intaglio print process

Intaglio
is
a
family
of
printmaking techniques
in
which
the
image
is
incised into
a
surface.
Historically
Intaglio techniques
are
o=en
combined
on
a
plate. For
example
Rembrandt's
prints
are referred
to
as
"etchings"
for
convenience, but
very
o=en
they
have
engraving
and drypoint
work
as
well,
and
someEmes
no actual
etching
at
all.


Intaglio print artists Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (July 15, 1606 – October 4, 1669) was a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art history and the most important in Dutch history. His contributions to art came in a period that historians call the Dutch Golden Age


Intaglio print artists

Remberant ‘Etching’ 1628


Intaglio print artists

Remberant – Faust 1647-51


Intaglio print artists

Melancholia I - Albrecht D端rer 1514


Intaglio print artists


Planographic

As
we’re
looking
into
tradiEonal
prinEng methods
the
main
‘Planographic’
method of
interest
to
us
is
Lithography.
This
uses oil
or
fat
and
gum
arabic
to
divide
the smooth
surface
into
parts
that
accept
in and
parts
which
reject
it
and
become
the background


Planographic artists

Self Portrait with Skeleton Arm Edvard Munch Unknown


Planographic artists

Smiling Spider - Odilon Redon 1891


Stencil Is a template used to draw or paint identical letters, numbers, symbols, shapes, or patterns every time it is used. Stencil technique in visual art is also referred to as pochoir. Stencils are formed by removing sections from template material in the form of text or an image. This creates what is essentially a physical negative.


Stencil artists

Moulin Rouge poster - Toulouse-Lautrec


Stencil artists

Campbels Soup – Andy Warhol 1968


Stencil artists

10 Marylins – Andy Warhol 1967


Stencil artists

Unkown– Banksy


Stencil artists

The Mild Mild West– Banksy

Traditional Print Making Methods  
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