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Cow CountryNews Cattlemen’s Association

July 2017

Issue Highlights

Do You Use a Dart Gun? BQA Guidelines Still Apply pg. 20 Woodlands, an Untapped Resource for Your Farm pg. 26

JBS Unveils $1.8 billion divestment plan pg. 52 Reducing Shipping Fever in Beef Calves pg. 61

Ky Cattlemen’s Assoc. 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503

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Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

5/31/17 8:04 PM


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Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


19th Annual East KY Replacement Bred Heifer Sale

Sponsored by the East Kentucky Heifer Development Committee


1:00 p.m. • SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2017 • Viewing at Noon


• Heifers were A.I. bred to the ST Genetics Angus Bulls Concord, REG # AAA18148348, Apache REG # AAA18194405 and Ozzie REG # AAA17663847 • Black Angus clean up bulls were used with heifer acceptable CE scores • All heifers had to meet or exceed 160 sq. cm. pelvic area • Pelvic Area was age adjusted to one year of age on all heifers Heifers were assembled in October 2016 and have remained together and developed under the guidelines from Dr. Les Anderson, UK Extension Beef Specialist All sale heifers are source-verified and farm-raised. ALL HEIFERS QUALIFY FOR THE KY CAIP COST-SHARE

Guaranteed bred for 60 days after the sale Free delivery for purchases of 10 or more up to 200 miles.

Health records, sire information and heifer information will be provided in a sale catalog. Catalog will be available on sale day. For more information contact: Charles May Larry Clay Perry Co. Extension Office D & D Ranch (606) 436-2044 (606) 438-9914 Sale can be viewed at Heifer data can be viewed at • Click on Ag & Natural Resource

USED GUARDRAIL FOR SALE Available in 13.5’ and 26’ Lengths

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Table of Contents COLUMNISTS 7

Chuck Crutcher, Moving Forward


Dave Maples, Consumer Preference Forces Changes in Our Industry

8 10 16 20 35

Ryan Quarles, Office of the State Vet: Protecting Your Farm Baxter Black, Handyman Jacks

Tom Keene, Now that Hay is Made, Follow Through with Samples Dr. Michelle Arnold, Do You Use a Dart Gun? BQA Guidelines Still Apply

Glen Aiken, Nutrient Supplementation to Meet Production Goals

51,54 Roy Burris, Reducing Shipping Fever in Beef Calves


KCA Leadership: Session 4


NCBA Hails Final Agreement That Clears Way for U.S. Beef ’s


Obituary: James J. Naive, III

Return to China for the First Time Since 2003


UK research reveals way to improve nitrogen production in legumes


John Venable: A Cattle Farmer with an Engineer’s Mind

26 30 32

34 45

12 18-19 36 38 40 42 48 52 53

Woodlands, An Untapped Resource for Your Farm?

Santa Gertrudis Report from SGBI Executive Director Outstanding Santa Gertrudis Juniors

39th Annual Santa Gertrudis Sale Set for July 15

Brazilian Meatpacker JBS Unveils $1.8 billion divestment plan

County News Economic & Policy Update KJCA Membership Kentucky Beef Council Kentucky Beef Network News Releases Calendar of Events - Advertisers Index Classified Section: - Classified ads

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cover photo by Mrs. Ashley Rogers, Nicholas County

HELP DEFEND YOUR CATTLE AGAINST THE CHALLENGES OF ENDOPHYTE-INFECTED FESCUE. Tall fescue. A dream to grow, but for cattle, it can be a nightmare. Until now. Fescue EMTTM is a new mineral defense with Endophyte Management Technology. Research-proven and backed by the expertise of Cargill Animal Nutrition. It’s uniquely designed to help defend cattle against the challenges of grazing endophyte-infected fescue while improving growth and overall performance.


Make sure your cattle are prepared to meet the threat.

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Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 43657_FESCUE-EMT-KY_Cow_Country_FullPgAd_FA.indd 1

5 4/19/17 9:47 AM

Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 2017 Leadership REGION 1

KCA Regional Directors:

*Jeff Pettit, Vice President, 270-836-2963 Bobby Bell, 270-547-8547 Gary Woodall, 270-725-0819 Ricky Haynes Keith Johnson, 270-635-0723 Wayne Johnson, (270) 726-7896 Lanny Boyd, 270-889-9682 Martin Hayden, (270) 281-4076 JJ Tucker, (270) 257-8548 Dennis Wilson, 270-952-1714 Caleb Jenkin, 270-952-0767



Chuck Crutcher 4364 Berrytown Rd Rineyville, KY 40162 (270) 272-6269


Bobby Foree 2440 Eminence Rd Eminence, KY 40019 (502) 845-4947


Tim White 3660 Military Pike Lexington KY 40513 (859) 223-0326 1972-73 1974-77 1978-79 1980-82 1983-85 1986-87 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999




Ken Adams 90 East Horseshoe Ave. Upton, KY 42784 (270) 734-1443

Chris Cooper 2140 Tates Creek Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 200-7711



David Lemaster 1859 Irvine Road Winchester, KY 40391 (859) 749-0258

Steve Dunning 8200 Antioch Road Hopkinsville, KY 42240 (270) 498-8180


Cary King 250 Bright Leaf Drive Harrodsburg, KY 40330 (859) 734-2173

KCA’s Past Presidents:

Jere Caldwell* - Boyle Smith T. Powell* - Lincoln Larry Lovell - Union John Masters* - Mason Seldon Hail* - Laurel Bob Vickery - Wayne Glenn Mackie - Bourbon Dale Lovell - Muhlenberg Steve Henshaw* - Union Jerry Fraim - Grayson Glen Massengale* - Wayne Dell King - Christian Kenneth Lowe - Warren Dr. J.L.Cole - Monroe Harvey Mitchell - Mercer Jim Naive* - Spencer Shelby Hughes - Logan Hoppy Lovell - Barren

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Charles Miller - Jessamine Larry Clay - Perry Jack Kimbrough* - Shelby Mark Williams - Crittenden Paul Napier - Lincoln Eddie Young - Washington Greg Ritter* - Barren Don Pemberton - Christian Billy Glenn Turpin - Madison Scotty Parsons - Christian Corinne Kephart - Shelby Greg Robey - Mercer Mike Bach - Bath Don Reynolds - Hart Steve Downs - Marion Gary Woodall - Logan David Lemaster, - Clark


*Andy Bishop Vice President, 502-275-6177 Craig Thompson, 270-590-5174 Mark Thomas, 270-723-6175 Joe Stults, 270-358-8182 Joe Mike Moore, 270-670-7493 Frank Rowland, 270-646-0882 Reva Richardson, 270-735-2959 Steve Webb, 270-646-8277 Adam Thomas, 270-991-7108 Richie Thompson, 270-678-4000 Joe Lowe, Mike Bullock, Donald Reynolds, 270-528-5239 Gerry Bowman, 270-427-6922 Phyllis Gentry, 502-549-3798 Adam Estes, (270) 528-3302


*Jon Bednarski, Vice President, 502-649-8706 Chris McBurney, 502-741-7088 Irvin Kupper, 502-633-6858

Dallas McCutchen, 502-255-7020 John Ellegood, 502-532-7573 Kevin Perkins, 502-269-7189 Larry Bryant, 502-845-4615 Wanda Hawkins, 502-220-2264 Jerry Oak, 502-255-7502 Phillip Douglas, 502-845-4620


*Jeremy Jones, 859-749-2233 Mickey Staton, 606-674-2195 Endre Fink, 859-559-7765 Doug Marshall, 859-885-3919 Bo Tate, 859-661-2325 Larry Swetnam, 859-293-5600 Jason Sandefur, 859-987-0336 Randy Warner, 859-771-5280 Curtis Absher, 859-533-9888 Clay Wills, 859-749-8248 Jason Crowe, 606-723-6062


*Gary Ford, Vice President, 270-402-2194 Steve Devine, 859-583-7824 Steve Downs, 270-865-2611 Brent Woodrum, 859-583-3193 Ian Thomas, 859-613-2453 Anne Bays, 615-478-8450 Larry Parman, 606-878-7516 Greg Robey, 859-734-0067 Eddie Young, 859-262-5682 Adam Chunglo, 859-613-2985 Brenda Williams, 606-669-2909 Tommy Glasscock, 270-692-4336 * Denotes member of Executive committee

Cow Country News

Volume 30 Issue 7


The publisher reserves the right to refuse publication of any material which he feels is unsuitable for the publication. Although the highest journalistic ethics will be maintained, the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association limits its responsibilities for any errors, inaccuracies or misprints in advertising or editorial copy. Advertisers and advertising agencies assume liability for all content of advertisements printed, and also assume responsibility for any claims arising from such advertisements made against the publisher.


176 Pasadena Drive,Lexington, KY 40503 Phone 859/278-0899 Fax 859/260-2060 Web Site: or E-Mail:

Executive Vice President Dave Maples Staff Accountant Kelly Tucker Director of Kentucky Beef Network Becky Thompson KBN Industry Coordinator Dan Miller KBC Director of Consumer Affairs Kiah Twisselman KBC Director of Education Niki Ellis KBC Director of Product Development Katelyn Hawkins

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Membership Coordinator Nikki Whitaker Communications Manager Jacob Redway Publication Coordinator Carey Brown National Advertising Sales Livestock Advertising Network,

Debby Nichols, 859/321-8770


Moving Forward Chuck Crutcher

----------------Kentucky Cattlemen's Association President


he KCA has been very busy these past few months completing the details on two major projects involving the potential impact on consumers and producers. One is establishing a classroom in the new Bluegrass Stockyards in Lexington. Putting everything in place has taken a lot of effort from the staff; particularly Dave Maples and Niki Ellis. Niki was hired at KCA about two years ago as a member of the Kentucky Beef Council. Changing times dictate how we are to promote and educate the consumer and

the producer about the cattle industry, Niki has an education degree that will enable the KBC to provide a structured approach moving forward. The classroom environment at the stockyards provides her the opportunity to reach more consumers and in particular the younger generation giving the facts about the beef and Ag industry. With the classroom located in the stockyards, this gives a view of the pens providing an ideal teaching setup. The

Kentucky Horse Park is right across the road adding the potential for tourist traffic and making this a great bus tour stop for students and consumers. We are in a unique situation to promote beef and educate consumers. The KCA knows that this may not be the ideal location for a classroom, but you have to start somewhere. If we are able to increase the demand for beef, then everyone benefits. The 2nd endeavor that KCA is working on is a new LLC called Beef Solutions.

Last year we started a conversation with a major retailer about how they would like a Kentucky ground beef product to sell in their stores. Sounds simple, RIGHT!!! Ground beef is sold off the shelf every day. To make this happen a lot has to fall in place. Completion of Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) certification at the harvesting facility, securing financing, installing packaging equipment for a for a 1-pound net weight package, fresh, 80/20 blend Kentucky ground beef product. It will be fall before we can get product on the shelves, we are still excited for this opportunity for Kentucky producers across the state. Being right around the corner, the 4th of July provides us with another grilling opportunity. Just remember that it’s Independence Day and be thankful for all those that had the vision to make it all possible.

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Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Office of the State Vet: Protecting Your Farm Ryan Quarles

-------------Commissioner of Agriculture


he federal and state governments, universities, veterinarians, and producers work together to protect our animals from disease and control disease outbreaks when they occur. The Office of the State Veterinarian (OSV) is the hub of the network. An office of the Kentucky Department of Agriculture, the OSV checks veterinary papers for every animal at every livestock event in the Commonwealth. The state vet’s office monitors disease outbreaks elsewhere and imposes livestock movement restrictions to protect Kentucky animals and contain foreign animal diseases when they are detected in our state. The OSV manages voluntary bovine tuberculosis, brucellosis, and Johne’s programs to help producers keep their herds free of disease; Kentucky has been certified tuberculosis free since 1987 and brucellosis free since 1997. The state veterinarian, Robert C. Stout, has served in that post since 2004. A veterinarian for more than 40 years, Dr. Stout has led efforts to control and eradicate avian influenza, contagious equine metritis, West Nile Virus, and other diseases in Kentucky, and worked with the task It’s what’s on the inside that defines us. You know it, and we know it. Because we share the same values. Ingenuity, commitment, sense of pride…

force that eradicated Exotic Newcastle Disease in California in 2003. Deputy State Veterinarian Bradley A. Keough, appointed in 2013, has been a veterinarian for nearly 20 years and has worked with veterinary and agricultural officials in foreign countries in his service with the U.S. Army. The equine program manager, Rusty Ford, has decades of experience and is widely known and respected in the horse industry. The rest of the OSV staff is made up of experienced professionals who are dedicated to safeguarding Kentucky’s $3.3 billion livestock industry. The OSV works hand in glove with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, the University of Kentucky Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory in Lexington, the Murray State University Breathitt Veterinary Center in Hopkinsville, private veterinary practitioners, and producers. Together, they form a formidable force to protect your investment in your animals. The discovery of avian influenza in western Kentucky in March underscored the fact that this network is absolutely necessary if Kentucky’s livestock industry is to grow and prosper. Let your federal and state lawmakers know how much you value these services. And help yourself by practicing all appropriate biosecurity measures on the farm and keeping up with livestock disease developments. To find out more about the OSV’s services as well as current alerts and movement restrictions, go to statevet.

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Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Consumer Preference Forces Changes in Our Industry Dave Maples

-------------Executive Vice President


just keep finding myself engaging in conflicting conversations about food and where your food comes from. One conversation will be with a beef producer that wants to be left alone so that he can do what he does best and it is no one’s business. Then, the next day have a conversation with a urban consumer that wants to have a Carfax type food system where they know every step of the process. Therefore I have been reading as much as I can about what the consumer wants and what producers are doing. I spend more time with beef producers but I also spend a good bit of time now with food companies and consumers. I know that beef producers are doing a much better job on the production side than we were doing just a few short years ago. The genetics and animal health programs are better as well as our animal nutritional programs that have greatly improved.

Cattlemen want to do a good job and pride themselves in having the best cattle and especially better than their neighbors. Just look at the recent data that nearly 80% of all cattle are in the choice grade. On the consumer side, things are changing as well. Just look at packaging. The demand is for smaller, on-the-go packaging. This is not a new request but when it comes to animal proteins there has been a delay. Remember your Grandmother’s pot roast - very few these days, consumers are no longer content with purchasing three or four pounds of ground beef or a half dozen pork chops and then repackaging them at home. Nowaday’s consumers want smaller packages to allow them to eat on the run or individual meals when there isn’t a family to feed. This has led to more sizes and types of packages for meat and poultry, many of which offer the ability to cook right in the package The desire for fresh is one of the main factors driving protein packaging towards clean labeling. According to the Association for Packaging and Processing Technologies (PMMI) report, nearly 40 percent of American consumers find it important to understand ingredients on food labels. Meat and poultry buyers do not want


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to see ingredients they aren’t familiar with mixed into their purchases. They continue to seek foods that are not processed or are minimally processed based on the perception that freshly prepared foods are healthier than prepackaged alternatives. A move towards home cooked meals is also increasing with the study indicating that consumers feel they can ensure that what they are eating is minimally processed if they prepare it themselves. Extending the shelf life will drive new technologies. This could include more vacuum packaging in which the air is removed from the sealed meat. With the removal of additives and preservatives in food, the package takes on a greater role in ensuring freshness and shelf stability.

The projection is that the meat case is going to make another transformation. To one that makes more efficient use of space, longer shelf life, and one that is more environmentally friendly and fits the definition of sustainability. Again, I just think back to my grandmother and her grocery store and the amazement that I had as a child every time I visited the store where my favorite area was the meat department. The sides of beef or pork would come in and Mr. Bush the butcher would cut the sides up and put them in the case and as the customer came up he would cut up the precise order while the customer watched. As I remember now, it seemed like he was always cutting up a lot of bologna, souse and hoop cheese.


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Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



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eople develop a morbid relationship with the most unlikely things. “Git rid of that horse, Newt! It’s bound to kill ya someday!” But Newt keeps saddlin’ up the widow maker. “Don’t be eatin’ those chilis, Newt! Ya know they’ll keep you up all night!” But Newt eats ‘em and spends the night on the john. “Dadgummit, Newt! I know that was yer Daddy’s pocket knife, but enough’s enough!” But Newt’s still cuttin’ calves with a half-inch blade. I’ve spent half my life cursing Handyman Jacks. I’ve turned the air blue coaxing them to cooperate. I can attest that it is impossible to injure one with anything short of an acetylene torch. I know they will work the first day, but the instant they are exposed to the smell of burnt rubber or the hint of desperation, they sull up. Oh, they work sometimes, just to keep you off guard. Like the time I was cruising a country road east of Malta and I felt thunk. I saw my rear wheel pass me on the left, bounce through the ditch and disappear into a field of waist high wheat! It didn’t take long for the truck to stop. For a hundred yards behind my rig it looked like I’d been installing telephone cable! Stuck out there, I improvised with a long fence pole I found near an irrigation pump. I jacked it up with the Handyman Chin Smasher and Slim Mechanism. Up one, down two, up one, down one, and so on.

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

From the rear I wedged the pole over the axle and chained it tight. The pole stuck out several feet behind the bumper. Then I lowered the truck down by pounding the jack with a calf puller until the bumper rested on the protruding pole. I waited until a lone irrigator passed by and had him drag me ten miles back to the farm shop. I limped in like a one leg-ged cross country skier! Two years later the jack showed its true colors. I was comin’ south outta Grouse Creek in a brand new 3/4 ton vet truck. The high mountain road was snow packed and I was testing my traction. I missed a turn and slid off a ditch, high centered. ‘No sweat,’ I thought, ‘I’ll just jack it up and pile some wood underneath the tire.’ Once again I engaged the Combination Handyman Post Puller and Fickle Finger Mangler. I jacked that baby up ‘til the pickup was clear, packed everything I could find under the tire and flipped the lever that lowered the jack. With each pump of the handle, the pickup rose instead of fell! I alternated pumping and whacking the jack with the star wrench. Finally I got clear to the top of the jack! My brand new pickup had its left hind cocked up like a dog markin’ his territory. It took an hour on the lonely road for a meandering hay truck to rumble by. It was equipped with snow chains. They backed up to me and, with a screech and a whomp, pulled me off the jack. I drove that pickup for three years with a bent frame and a driver’s side door that never closed properly. But I’m still carryin’ the miserable rat bag of a jack around in the back of my latest truck. Me and Newt, knowin’ better but stupidly hoping it’ll work just one more time.

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Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Madison County

Larue County

Dr. Josh Jackson, Assistant Professor in UK’s Department of Biosystems and Ag Engineering, shown here in the center, along with Joe Stults, (left) and Daniel Carpenter, Larue County Extension Agent,( right) was guest speaker at the Larue County Cattlemen’s monthly meeting held on May 9th. Dr. Jackson spoke to the group on cattle handling facilities.

Todd County The Cruse family (Robert, Angela, Bethany, and Grace) of Richmond, KY have a set of triplets that were born in June. Two of the calves are black and white faced and one is red and white faced. There are two heifers and one bull. All three calves are doing well and the momma cow has taken all of them.

Do you have county news you would like to share? Send your information by the 10th of each month to 12

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Don Laster, Todd County Cattleman’s President presented Jonathan Jones with the Kentucky Cattleman’s Association scholarship for $1500.00 at the Todd Central High School Awards Ceremony. Submitted by Lee Ann McCuiston, County Extension Agent for 4-H Youth Development

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Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




KCA Leadership: Session 4 BY NIKKI WHITAKER


he Kentucky Cattlemen’s Leadership Program had their fourth session April 25-27 in Somerset. The focus for session four was business and finance. The class gathered at the Pulaski County Extension Office to hear from Kenny Burdine and Steve Higgins, both with the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture. Dr. Burdine spoke to the group on the cattle market and the volatility cattle prices have faced this past year. Dr. Higgins spoke on farming in the future and how to adapt more efficient practices on the farm. Chris Lemily, with The Lemily Group, was on hand to speak on life insurance and estate planning. The Lemily Group is a full service, retirement planning company based in Bowling Green and has worked with many county cattlemen’s to offer retirement and legacy planning to KCA members. The class then took a break from sitting and enjoyed a game of Modified Monopoly. Unlike the traditional Monopoly game where everyone starts the game equal, Modified Monopoly broke the class into social rank including Upper, Middle, Working and Lower


Class. The participants then had to play the game using different rules for each of the different social ranks. Playing the game provided much amusement and was a great social break for the afternoon. Day two of the session began with Jim Akers, COO of Blue Grass Stockyards, speaking to the group. The steps that Blue Grass Stockyards took after the fire in 2016 were a great example for the business and finance

session. Afterwards, Mac Jarboe, an investment advisor with MassMutual gave a complete guide to financial planning. Mr. Jarboe’s presentation took the class through the six keys of financial success. The day ended with Ashley Nesbitt, loan officer with Farm Credit Mid-America, presenting on farm loans. Following two days of presentations and exercises, it was nice to get outside on day three. The class toured Summit Meat Processing, a processing facility

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

in Somerset offering a full line of local farm-fresh meats. Owner, Kyle Turpen, talked with the group on how he applied for county and state Agriculture Development Funds with assistance from KCARD before opening Summit Meat Processing in August 2016. The KCA Leadership Program had a very educational and enjoyable fourth session. Session 5 is scheduled for July 24-27 in Denver, CO.


James J. Naive, III


6, of Spencer County, KY, died on June 14, 2017 at Baptist Health Louisville. He is survived by his wife, Wilhelmine Naive; son, James J. Naive, IV; daughter-in-law, Jennifer Naive; and grand-daughter, Mackenzie. Jim was born Sept. 12, 1930 in Gary, Indiana. After high school, he attended Purdue University and received a B.A. in Agriculture and a Masters in Ag Economics. He was an Army Veteran. From 1957 to 1978, he worked at the Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C. as an agricultural economist conducting research on world agriculture as well as the U.S. Grain economy. He traveled extensively in Western Europe, India, and the Soviet Union. He married

Wilhelmine in 1963 and their son, James IV, was born in 1971. In 1978, he and his family moved to Spencer County, KY where he owned and operated a 300-acre beef cattle farm. Among his many activities, he was President of the KY Cattlemen’s Assoc. (1997), Chairman of the Governor’s Commission on Family Farms, Farm Credit Mid-America Advisor, and Past President and long-time member of the Louisville Ag Club. In 2016, he was honored to be inducted into the KY Cattlemen’s Association Hall of Fame. In lieu of flowers, memorial gifts may be given to St. Paul’s Episcopal Church. Condolences may be shared at


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Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Now that Hay is Made, Follow Through with Samples TOM KEENE, UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY


y the time you read this article, 2017 will be just about half over…….. where does the time go? As we turn our thoughts towards summer, most crops are already in the ground and hopefully the first cutting of hay is made and in the barn. Thinking back on forages and forage production for this past year, makes one scratch their head. The year 2016 made for lots of haymaking in Kentucky. That coupled with the fact that we had a mild winter in 16-17 made for quite a bit of carryover hay f rom last year’s crop. Fast forward to this year to our current forage crop. Pastures were grazed down very close last fall and saw little to no regrowth during the fall and winter. Some farmers started feeding hay earlier rather than later last fall due to a fall drought. Because pastures and hayfields went into the winter in less than ideal conditions, it would have been advantageous to apply some nitrogen fertilizer this spring to coincide with any other fertility applied f rom a soil test results. This added fertility would have increased hay production as well as provided early green up and additional growth in pastures. Hay making got off to a slow start, as the weather pattern in early May was not conducive to harvesting quality hay. However, starting around the 13 th of the month, we had an exceptional good stretch of weather to make hay. This opportunity should have produced high quality hay as it was close to our optimum time of making hay around the 5 th to the 10 th of the month. Another good window of weather appeared in early June 16

(starting around the 6 th) for mowing hay and getting it baled without rainfall. These two windows of optimum weather should ensure that enough hay will be ready for the upcoming winter feeding season. However, the quality difference between the two cuttings could and will be quite different. That hay made during the middle of May will be higher both crude protein as well as total digestible nutrients. The chart below confirms that as plants mature forage quality decreases.

ever that with these reduced hay yields be fed to existing livestock herds prudently and economically this upcoming feeding season. In order to accomplish this, the hay must have a nutritive quality test done on each of the cuttings f rom each hay field. You can work with your local county Agriculture and Natural Resource Agent. They can direct you as to the correct way to take a sample(s). They may have a corer for you to use while collecting your sample, etc. If you choose to collect the sample

correct f rom each sample that you submit. Sidestepping or shortcutting on any of the principles will reflect in less than accurate results. Once the laborator y you choose, returns your nutritive value results, then consult your local county agent, veterinarian or feed dealer to formulate a ration that fits the individual animal you are feeding with that “particular” lot of hay. Different cuttings of hay f rom different fields can then be allocated to the different classes of livestock you are feeding in your operation. Then and only then can

Forage quality dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), and total digestible nutrients (TDN) percentages at varying growth stages. Source: Ball,D.M., M.Collins, G.D. Lacefield, N.P. Martin, D.A. Mertens, K.E.Olson,D.H. Putnam, D.J. Undersander, and M.W.Wolf. 2001. Understanding Forage Quality. American Farm Bureau Federation Publication 1-01, Park Ridge, IL

While these couple of good weather patterns have given us opportunity to make hay without it getting rained on, producers have related lower than average yields with this year’s first cutting. As mentioned earlier, a lot of hayfields were grazed heavily last fall thus reducing yield this spring if additional fertilizer was not added. It will be more imperative than

on your own, then I would encourage you to go to the website www. then proceed to the link, “Recommended Principles for Proper Hay Sampling”. There you will find ten hay sampling principles to ensure that the sample you collect reflects the actual nutritive value of the hay you are testing. All of the principles carry equal weight in ensuring the reported numbers are

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

you be assured that your animals are getting the necessary nutrients, vitamins and minerals necessary to maintain body weight, nurse a calf or breed back for next year’s calf crop. In addition, it will give you the peace of mind that you are animals are being fed adequately and economically to ensure good sound animal production and hopefully a “better bottom line”.

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USDA Provides First Projections for the 2017-18 Marketing Year

The Agricultural Economics Depar tment publishes the Economic and Policy Update towards the end of each month. Each issue features articles written by extension personnel within the department and other experts across the country. Topics will vary greatly but regularly include marketing, management, policy, natural resources, and rural development issues. If you would like to recieve this newsletter by email, please contact Kenny Burdine at

BY TODD DAVIS, ASSISTANT EXTENSION PROFESSOR, AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS s planting for the spring row crops is well underway, USDA’s monthly World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) shifts its focus away from projecting supply and use for the crops harvested in 2016 to crops harvested this fall. Market analysts have been discussing the potential 2017 supply and demand estimates since last fall when soybean futures markets began bidding for additional acres and fewer acres of corn and wheat. The March 31st Prospective Plantings confirmed what analysts already guessed that farmers planned to increase soybean area by 5.9 million acres while reducing corn and wheat area by 4.0 and 4.1 million acres, respectively. A survey of market analysts before the May 10 WASDE had analysts projecting a significant increase in 2017-18 soybean stocks with expected reduction in stocks for corn and wheat.

respectively, which reduced their production and increased U.S. exports for both the 2015 and 2016 marketing-years. Analysts expected U.S. exports to decline for the 2017 marketing-year as South America reentered the export markets with large corn and soybean crops. The May report pegged 2017-18 corn exports 350 million bushels less than last year which conformed to expectations Soybean exports, on the other hand, are projected to be 100 million bushels larger than 2016 (Table 1). The increase in soybean exports from last year, if realized, would keep 2017-18 ending stocks below 500 million bushels and keep large stocks from pressuring soybean prices. USDA is projecting that the smaller than expected increase in stocks will lower the U.S. marketing-year average farm price by $0.25 per bushel for the upcoming marketing-year (Table 1). If farmers reduce corn harvested area by 4.3 million acres and harvest “normal” yields, then there is potential for ending stocks to decline slightly from 2016. Corn exports

support higher prices. The wheat market has been begging for reduced supply for a couple of years, and the combination of reduced area and inclement weather may provide the supply reduction needed to boost the wheat marketing-year average price. USDA projects the 2017 wheat crop at 490 million bushels less than 2016. USDA estimates the 2017-18 wheat supply to be 295 million bushels less than last year even with a larger carry-in (Table 1). The wheat story remains that of sluggish use primarily in exports. Regardless, there is potential for ending stocks to decline to 914 million bushels mostly through supply reductions. The decrease in stocks could boost the U.S. farm price to $4.25/bushel (Table 3). Until production is better known, analysts will continue to scrutinize the demand projections. Exports face headwinds with the strength of the U.S. dollar relative to the Brazilian Real and Argentine Peso. Another headwind is policy uncertainty with major trading partners that could limit 2017

As is typical with this type of report, USDA provided a surprise for the grain markets. The May report surprised analysts with stronger than expected demand for the soybean market (Table 1). Previous columns have remarked how the corn and soybean market benefited from last year’s drought and floods in Brazil and Argentina,

may be the deciding factor for the fate of the market as USDA projects domestic corn demand at about the same as last year. If Mother Nature blesses the corn market with above trend yields, then another large crop may limit any reduction in stocks and push farm prices lower for the 2017 marketingyear. The corn market needs lower stocks to

export potential. For more information, readers are encouraged to look at the latest Crops Marketing and Management Update (http:// for more details about Western Kentucky price potential and risk management opportunities.


You can also view current and past issues online at http://www. index.php?p=209 Co-editors: Kenny Burdine, Alison Davis, and Greg Halich


Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




SDA recently increased their agricultural export forecast for 2017 in response to stronger livestock, grain, feed, and cotton exports, with most of the growth occurring in Asian markets. See Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade: May 2017, publications/83665/aes-99.pdf?v=42880. For FY 2017, USDA is now projecting U.S. ag exports to total $137.0 billion, one billion higher than their February 2017 estimate and nearly $7 billion higher than their FY 2016 projection. However, export values remain far below the 2014 record high of $152 billion as a higher valued dollar, sluggish overseas economies, and ample global supplies have reduced U.S. trade volume and per unit values in recent years. While the United States exports agricultural commodities and products to more than 100 nations worldwide, our top three markets, China, Canada, and Mexico (which of course has been in much of the political debate of late) comprise nearly one-half of our ag export market sales. Given relatively stable import levels, the overall ag trade surplus remains around $22 billion. U.S. agriculture has experienced a trade surplus every year since 1959 and generally accounts for around 10% of total U.S. exports. Certainly, many facets of the U.S. ag economy are very dependent on trade. Overall, USDA claims that around 20% of total U.S. agricultural production is purchased by foreign customers and every $1 billion dollars of ag exports supports an estimated 8,000 jobs and $1.27 billion in economic activity. Approximately one out of every 2 acres of U.S. soybeans and wheat production is exported, along with around 20% of pork, 15% of corn, dairy, and poultry, and 10% of U.S. beef production being shipped overseas. In addition to these commodities, foreign markets are critical to Kentucky’s equine and tobacco industries,

along with value-added items such as bourbon, timber, ethanol, and feed. Undoubtedly expanding global markets played a significant role in the growth in the U.S. and Kentucky farm economies during the prosperous 2012-2014 period as both U.S and Kentucky ag exports swelled to record levels. Many are hoping that expanding exports are the answer in pulling out a severe economic downturn that has plagued U.S. agriculture since 2014. However, intense international competition, along with anticipated macroeconomic trends (i.e., higher valued U.S. dollar) may limit short-term opportunities for trade growth. Plus, U.S. agriculture has received mixed messages on trade under the Trump administration given concerns of the perceived impact that certain trade agreements have on American jobs. In general, U.S. agriculture was very supportive of the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) as additional U.S. meat and grain for feed exports were likely to evolve from relaxing trade barriers in Pacific Rim markets demanding more protein in their diets. The Trump administration is also proposing a renegotiated North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) – a regional market that has seen U.S. agricultural exports increase from less than $10 billion in 1993 when NAFTA was enacted to nearly $40 billion today. In addition, the Trump administration’s 2018 federal budget calls for eliminating funding for popular export market promotion programs for agriculture as part of the budget/farm bill debate. In response to concerns raised by farm interests, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Purdue has publically recognized the extreme importance of trade to U.S. agriculture and recently announced his plans to reorganize USDA to include a new Undersecretary for Trade responsible for working with trade officials, policymakers and producers to expand U.S. agricultural trade. The current White House political strategy related to trade is to focus more on bilateral trade deals to open markets for U.S. agriculture and other export-dependent sectors. Recently, the Trump administration

announced a trade deal with China that will allow U.S. beef exports to China for the first time since the outbreak of “mad cow disease” in 2003, with the potential of additional removal of trade barriers to this market for U.S. poultry. In addition, U.S. cattle producers are hopeful that recent bilateral trade discussions between the U.S. and Japan will lead to greater U.S. beef sales into Japan. While the uncertainties over future trade agreements, along with global dialogue of “nationalism” and “protectionism,” has dampened some of the optimism of future sales of U.S. agriculture overseas, growing world population and incomes promises future opportunities for additional growth in U.S. agricultural trade. A recent Brookings study (www. global_20170228_global-middle-class.pdf ) indicated that an additional two billion consumers will enter the middle class by 2030, with most of this growth occurring in Asia. The approximately 140-150 million annual increase in the global middle class is nearly . of the size of the current U.S. population. Increasing income results in increasing purchasing power to expand and improve diets, which of course begs the question, will that increased demand for food be met by local production, U.S. ag

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

competitors, or the United States? If the latter occurs, where does Kentucky fit into the equation? In reality, Kentucky is nearly twice as dependent on agricultural trade as U.S. agriculture as a whole with around 35 to 40% of our production being exported. While other states such as North Carolina and Virginia currently have more resources devoted to ag export market promotion, Kentucky agriculture has several unique advantages in the trade arena including: ·Established international reputation for quality ag-related products such as bourbon, horses, and tobacco ·Significant number of international businesses, political connections, and visitors ·Diversity of ag and forest products ·Increasing entrepreneurial spirit among Kentucky farmers and businesses ·Transportation resources and infrastructure These advantages will likely provide future opportunities for Kentucky ag commodity exports, with greater opportunities for differentiated/valueadded products. Currently the Kentucky Department of Agriculture and other agricultural leaders in the state are working on developing a trade development plan. Stay tuned! 19


Do You Use a Dart Gun? BQA Guidelines Still Apply


Have a Question or Topic you would like addressed? Email me at michelle.


art guns used to administer medications to sick cattle in the pasture have become increasingly popular in the past few years. It is often easier, faster and less stressful to medicate an animal with a dart rather than having to get it up from a remote field to work through the chute. However, there are associated risks with remote drug delivery (RDD) to animal health, animal welfare, human safety, and the safety and quality of the food products produced from dart-treated animals. Unfortunately for the beef industry, there are confirmed reports of darts and dart components being found in carcasses at packing plants.

This could create a significant beef quality disaster at the consumer level if a dart is missed at the packing plant and makes it into the food supply and on to the news. In situations where remote delivery (darting) of medication is used, producers should still comply with the National BQA Guidelines for injections including using the correct route of administration, needle selection, medication selection and volume, as well as meeting all record keeping requirements to properly observe withdrawal times. The beef community has worked many years and spent huge sums of money to decrease injection site defects that negatively impact consumer acceptance of beef. The BQAapproved location for intramuscular (IM) and subcutaneous (SQ) injections is in the neck, which is a relatively small target to hit with a dart. There are reports of cattle being injured by errant darts that hit their heads, fractured shoulder blades and spinal damage from darts hitting cervical neck vertebrae. Figure 1 and 2 illustrate the

positions of important areas to avoid surrounding the recommended BQA triangle injection area. Targeting areas other than the neck such as the rear leg is never acceptable. Darts should not be used in the calf ’s round or any other site that would result in carcass damage.

When is remote drug delivery appropriate?

Darts should not be used unless the animal’s health and well-being are in jeopardy. RDD is not a tool to deliver routine preventative medications (vaccinations), or to treat an entire herd, or as a substitute for having adequate labor and facilities to properly care for animals. Situations where dart gun use is considered appropriate include: • Working facilities for conventional handling such as a corral and chute are not available where the cattle are located. • Excessive stress on the animal will result from conventional handling and treatment. Examples are weather extremes, excessive distance from facilities, animal is crazy and refuses to drive, diseases involving lack of available oxygen where exercise may result in sudden death (such as a clinical anaplasmosis case) or cases involving blindness in which the animal cannot be driven through a gate into a facility. •Administering treatment conventionally will result in a delay expected to adversely affect animal health or welfare. • Human safety will be placed at unacceptable risk to handle animals conventionally.

Equipment Selection and Training

Producers using dart guns must understand the gun being used and be able to adjust the velocity of darts based on distance, power charges, power adjustments, dart size, and any other 20

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

factors described by the manufacturer. Equipment should not be used on animals until the operator has practiced and is proficient in its use. Producers should practice both range estimation and marksmanship skills using properlysized manufacturer practice darts. “Sight in” and practice until consistent in delivering dart to target under various weather conditions, especially windy days. Siting may be improved with the addition of a scope. To insure BQA appropriate injections, the approximate maximum range for darting is that which a producer can consistently hit a 5 inch target under field conditions. For most situations, the appropriate range is relatively short (20 yards or less) and is easily achieved with a pneumatic system. Dart delivery should be as close to the animal as practical. Shorter ranges with appropriate lower power settings are more BQA friendly. Cartridge powered guns with improper charge selection can be grossly overpowered at the short ranges utilized for medicating cattle-resulting in animal injury and/or dart penetration into the animal’s muscle. Producers should be patient in shot selection. Darting should be avoided on moving animals and those that do not present a clear, “broadside” view of the neck injection triangle. Long shots, using high power settings, overestimating the range, and/or improper shot placement can result in animal injury or carcass defects. Purchase multiple magazines so that different size charges can be readily available when required for different distances. Never use dart delivery charges that are not provided by the manufacturer. Never use charges designed for nail guns in medication dart delivery guns. Maintain and clean all working parts of a dart delivery system.

FEATURE an erratic flight pattern, therefore the targeting is not dependable. Since SQ administration is the goal, needle (cannula) length should not exceed 1/2” on cattle <18 months of age and not exceed 3/4” for mature cattle. • Multi-port (multiple holes in the delivery needle) dart needles are recommended. • Darts preferably should be single use to prevent “burring” and needle breakoff.

Dart cleanliness, needle sizes, types

• Cleanliness and sterility of darts is critical! Refillable darts must be thoroughly cleaned just as re-usable syringes are cleaned with hot water, not using soap or disinfectants and a final sanitizing with boiling water. There are confirmed reports of injection site abscesses from medication dart usage, likely from using unsterile darts and/

or contamination while filling the dart with medication. Additionally, only 10 mL of medication should be administered per injection site, and when multiple injections are required, they should be a minimum of 4 inches apart. Drugs that require a large volume and multiple injections are not recommended to be delivered by dart. The size of the dart must match the volume of the medication to be delivered. Partially filled darts have

Appropriate drugs to use in darts

• The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates the approval of routes of administration of all animal drugs. Dart delivery falls under the FDA Animal Medicinal Drug Use Clarification Act (AMDUCA) regulations so all drugs used in a medication dart require a valid Veterinary Client Patient Relationship (VCPR) with a licensed veterinarian. These regulations require the use, including route of administration, of

all prescription medications to strictly follow the written directions of the veterinarian prescribing the drugs. Without these written instructions the use of medications in darts is illegal. • Always follow label requirements including indications, dosage and administration guidelines set forth by FDA. It is against the law to alter drug concentration or to combine drugs in order to fill a dart. Mixing drugs or diluting drugs with saline is prohibited. • Drugs should be examined and selected that have appropriate syringability. Viscous (thick), high dose volume medications should be avoided. No more than 10 cc of any product should be administered per injection site. • Record the drug used, the date of treatment, and individual identity of all animals treated for proper withdrawal time calculation. If unable to accurately record the identity of the treated animal Cont’d on pg. 22

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Cont’d o

pg. 2

then the entire group must be held to the labeled withdrawal timeframe for the most recently treated animal within the group. • The product use and safety profile of any medication used in a dart must be carefully evaluated. Use of some products in a dart may be illegal, pose unacceptable safety risk, cause tissue

damage, or increase the risk of chemical residues. Examples of inappropriate products to use in RDD: Tilmicosin (Micotil™): Human Safety (Operator) Flunixin meglumine (Banamine™): Tissue Damage, residue risk, and only approved for IV administration Ceftiofur (Excede™): Route of administration is restricted by Federal law. Excede™ is approved only for

injection in the ear.

occur if a spent dart is stepped on. When possible, select darts that the manufacturer has painted safety orange or safety lime green to make them easier to find following use. • Make sure the dart is not retained in the animal. • If the dart is found to be retained in the animal and cannot be retrieved manually, notify your veterinarian for assistance.

Retrieving darts after use

• Monitor treated animals and retrieve all darts as soon as possible once they fall out. All darts that do not reach their intended target should be accounted for and retrieved. • Do not leave used darts in the environment. Serious injury to cattle, a horse or especially a human could

BQA Advisory Statement Regarding the Use of Pneumatic Darts or Other Remote Injection Methods in Cattle This BQA Supplemental Advisory Statement can be found at under the resource manuals section: Docs/bqa_advisory_statement_on_the_ use_of_pneumatic_dart_guns.pdf BQA Guidelines for the administration of injectable drugs/products to cattle are available in the BQA National Manual and at and other places. There are no BQA guidelines for the administration of injectable drugs/ products by the use of pneumatic darts or other similar methods designed to administer injectable products into cattle from a distance. There are several challenges associated with the use of pneumatic darts or similar technologies for the administration of injectable drugs/products to cattle, including but not limited to the following: 1. Accurate assessment of cattle weights is not possible in these situations, leading to inaccurate dosing. Underdosing of antibiotics promotes an increase in antimicrobial resistance. Overdosing unnecessarily increases the costs of production and may increase withdrawal times. 2. The volume of many appropriate drug dosages cannot be accommodated with the current dart technology.


3. The product delivery can be administered to non-approved injection site(s) resulting in off-label or illegal drug use. This would include the subcutaneous administration of an intramuscular drug or vice versa. 4. The potential for significant bruising or collateral injection site lesions is directly in conflict with BQA guidelines and principles. Additionally, accurate individual identification becomes much more challenging, leading to misidentification, inaccurate withdrawal time assignment, increased potential for illegal residues, and/or managing a group of cattle based on the withdrawal time of a single unidentified animal. 5. The needles’ potential to penetrate ligaments, joints and other tissues could result in permanent damage to the cattle, raising concerns for animal well-being and additionally, result in ineffective therapy. 6. Injection(s) administered beyond label directions without a veterinarian’s approval and prescription is considered an extra label drug use (via method of administration) and may be out of compliance with FDA regulations.

7. The possibility of needles remaining in the tissue following this type of administration presents an additional risk. Darts that remain attached to the animal for a period of time and subsequently become dislodged in the field or pasture can become a hazard to other livestock or personnel. 8. The entire dart can become imbedded in muscle tissue and create a significant BQA issue at the packing plant or at the consumer level if not identified at the packing plant. 9. Experiences with the use of darts in cervid (deer) production indicate that “gut shots”, broken limbs, darting the wrong animal, establishing the correct animal ID for drug withdrawal records, and other problems are commonplace and do not conform to BQA guidelines for food animal production. 10. The potential for illegal compounding of drugs is probable with these methods. 11. In the process of trying to target the injection triangle in the neck, it becomes more likely for the dart to strike sensitive tissue in the head, such as the eye or cranial nerves.

12. Some antibiotic compounds have significant human health impacts if accidentally injected into people. An accidental occurrence of an injection into a human could result in death. 13. The cylinder of the delivery dart, where the antibiotic or other injectable product is placed, can become contaminated by bacteria. This can promote antimicrobial resistance as well as infections/ abscesses at the site of injection. The companies manufacturing, selling and promoting these methods of drug and product delivery have the responsibility and the obligation to develop data to establish efficacy, safety, animal welfare, food safety, and other concerns as compared to current BQA approved methods of drug/product administration. It is also possible that FDA approval may be required for drug delivery by these methods of injecting drugs/products and that issue needs to be addressed by the manufacturers. Until such time as this critical data becomes available these methods do not meet BQA injectable product administration guidelines.

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


did not. Another interesting finding compared drug levels in the blood between successfully darted animals and those treated in a chute. Even when the darts worked correctly, the darted animals showed much greater variability in drug levels compared to cattle treated normally. Tests have shown a single dart can deliver antibiotics both below the skin and in the muscle, resulting in erratic absorption.

Take Home Message

Photo by Dr. Hans Coetzee, Kansas State University • Needles or darts left in tissue must not be ignored. Ultimately the producer is responsible for the disposition of the darts. Ignoring proper charge selection and power settings along with inaccurate range estimation are the largest contributing factors of injury and darts penetrating too deeply into tissue.

Dart Failures

Several research trials evaluating the effectiveness of drug delivery, efficacy, the impacts on meat quality and other factors are underway. Initial results reveal some concerns with this method of medication transmission. As one example, an Iowa State University researcher used a Remote Drug Delivery (RDD) system to inject 15 Holstein calves weighing between 750-900 pounds with a 10 cc dart of tulathromycin (Draxxin®) fired from just under 30 feet with a ¾” 14 gauge needle. The darts remained in the animals for an average of one hour and, after collection, it was found that 4 of 15 darts failed to inject the antibiotic. These were situations in which the dart seemed to work properly but it actually

Treating animals in a chute takes away many of the variables associated with darts: drug and dosage limitations, depth of administration (in the muscle or under the skin), and placement in the right area of the neck. Chute restraint also allows a thorough physical examination as well as administration of other appropriate treatments to the animal. However, there are times remote drug delivery makes sense when an animal’s health is in jeopardy or the producer’s safety is at risk. In these instances, producers should continue to follow BQA guidelines for injections to ensure food safety and prevent carcass defects. In an online discussion in a national cattle magazine (http://www. y/ dart-debate-join-discussion), many producers summed up their thoughts on remote drug delivery similarly to these statements: “Most of my darts fall out in a few minutes and very rarely do I find one that did not inject. I believe if given in the neck they are safe for the cattle and consumer.” “RDD (remote drug delivery) through using darts is one of the best tools ever created for keeping cattle healthy when used correctly. The amount of stress it removes from the cattle by not wrestling them up in a chute or roping them far outweighs the negatives.” Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



NCBA Hails Final Agreement That Clears Way for U.S. Beef’s Return to China for the First Time Since 2003


raig Uden, president of the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA), today released the following statement in response to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) announcement that it has reached a final agreement with Chinese officials on a deal that will allow U.S. producers to begin beef exports to China for the first time since 2003: “NCBA commends the leadership of President Trump and our skilled negotiators who were able to restore U.S. beef access to China, something that has been a top priority for NCBA for 13 years. NCBA worked closely with USDA throughout the entire process. In recent years, China has become one of

the largest import markets for beef, and these terms are a reflection of China’s trust in the safety and quality of U.S. beef. We hope that by getting our foot in the door we can develop a long lasting and mutually beneficial relationship with China.” Below are the final details of the protocol that USDA announced today. Beef exports to the People’s Republic of China must meet specified requirements under the USDA Export Verification (EV ) Program. These requirements apply to U.S. companies— slaughterers, fabricators, and/or processors—that supply beef and beef products as listed on the USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) website.

The specified requirements for exports to China include: •Beef and beef products must be derived from cattle that were born, raised, and slaughtered in the U.S., cattle that were imported from Canada or Mexico and subsequently raised and slaughtered in the U.S., or cattle that were imported from Canada or Mexico for direct slaughter; •Cattle must be traceable to the U.S. birth farm using a unique identifier, or if imported to the first place of residence or port of entry; •Beef and beef products must be derived from cattle less than 30 months of age; •Chilled or frozen bone-in and deboned beef products are eligible for

shipment. For a complete listing, refer to the FSIS Export Library; and •Carcasses, beef, and beef products must be uniquely identified and controlled up until the time of shipment. •Only eligible products may be issued an FSIS Export Certificate. The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) verifies that cattle meet the specified product requirements, as outlined in QAD 1030AA Procedure, through an approved USDA Quality System Assessment (QSA) or USDA Process Verified Program (PVP). These programs ensure that a company’s requirements are supported by a documented quality management system and are verified through audits conducted by AMS.

The Proof Is In The Pounds

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Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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UK research reveals way to improve nitrogen production in legumes peptides in the model legume Medicago truncatula that kill certain rhizobial bacteria as the nitrogen fixation process egumes have long been known begins. This model legume is closely for their nitrogen-fixing proper- related to the forage legume alfalfa. ties. Through a symbiotic rela“This finding offers scientists a tionship with rhizobia, which are soil strategy to improve nitrogen fixation in bacteria, legumes can provide their legumes by selecting or manipulating own nitrogen needs and leave nitrogen these genes to accept more bacteria,” Zhu said. “This could potentially allow legumes to fix more nitrogen.” Zhu believes the original function of these antibacterial genes was to kill bacteria as they entered the plant, but they have evolved to manipulate certain bacteria to start the nitrogen fixation process. Bacteria that do not tolerate the peptides die almost immediately. In addition to the UK researchers, scientists from Brigham Young University, University of Massachusetts, Cornell University and Medicago truncatula plants respond differcollaborators from Hungary ently to soil bacteria depending on the type and the Netherlands contributed to the study. and quantity of peptides they produce. Zhu’s research findings PHOTO: Courtesy of Hongyan Zhu were published by the Proceedings of the National in the soil for other plants to use. This Academy of Sciences and are available reduces the need for nitrogen fertil- online at izers, which are costly and can cause early/2017/06/06/1700715114.abstract environmental pollution. But legumes and differ significantly in their nitrogen fix- e a r l y / 2 0 1 7 / 0 6 / 0 7 / 1 7 0 0 4 6 0 1 1 4 . ation efficiency, and will act differently abstract. in different environments and with He received funding from the U.S. different bacterial strains, sometimes Department of Agriculture, National fixing little to no nitrogen. Institute of Food and Agriculture Hongyan Zhu, a professor in the and from Kentucky Science and UK College of Agriculture, Food Engineering Foundation for this study. and Environment, and his team of He will continue to study more efficient researchers found two antimicrobial ways legumes can fix nitrogen. BY KATIE PRATT


Changing the way people look at finishing cattle in the Southeast. For more information, please contact : Brad Chandler 706-910-9397 Ashley Hughes 772-342-4153

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Woodlands, an Untapped Resource for Your Farm? BY MATTHEW SPRINGER, PH.D., ASSISTANT EXTENSION PROFESSOR OF WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY, UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY ften an overlooked aspect of a farming or ranching operations are the patches of forest land on the property. It is easy to overlook the value of these areas. The fact there are trees there means using the area to plant crops is not possible and rarely do we count on them to fully supply our livestock with the food they need for long periods. But a properly managed forests can be an economic asset to the landowner. This article is meant to bring attention to this fact, but unfortunately I cannot possibly explain all the details a landowner needs to know to y take advantage of their woodland resources in a short article. What this article is meant to do is highlight a few of the facts about the potential advantages of woodlands on your property and also to bring attention to an annual extension program through the Department of Forestry at University of Kentucky that is a crash course for all landowners on their woodlands that can help them make informed decisions about these areas. Most people understand that you can occasionally harvest the timber but most rely heavily on loggers to let them know of the value of their woodlands. This is not necessarily a bad thing, as loggers are very familiar with the tree business but there may be some components that a landowner would like to know to make a proper decision about the value of their woodlands. The obvious value for any landowner is the standing timber they have on their property. However, there are additional economic benefits that can be realized by their owners that are not as straight forward. For example there is often potential income associated with hunt leasing your properties, or the use of the areas as supplemental forage or shade for cattle. Unfortunately, most landowners don’t know how the proper management of these wooded acres can help the landowner



fetch a higher pay day for yourself and future generations when you go to harvest your timber or for hunt leasing operations. Let’s go over some of the statistics associated with forests and farming operations within Kentucky. Woodlands represent a large amount of the property owned by farmers in Kentucky with 2.8 million acres owned by 45,000 farmers. However, only 2% of owners of greater than 10 acres of woodland in Kentucky have a forest management plan. Forest management plans help the landowners understand and improve the forested resources they own, leading to increased income from logging and hunt leasing. These plans are provided free to the landowners in Kentucky by the Kentucky Division of Forestry so there is no reason not have one done. In addition to the Kentucky Division of Forestry program, if you own over 25 acres, you can have a private lands biologist from the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources come out and do a wildlife management plan for your property for free. Let’ quickly talk about what an acre of trees may be worth. Within Kentucky, for each acre logged, the average income for the landowner is $1033. Now this number can vary greatly for each individual because the value of timber is influenced by many variables like the volume and species of trees logged, distance to mills, and how

far the harvest is from a road. But at over $1000/ acre average, it’s easy to see how your trees can be a substantial boost to your farm revenue when you harvest them. My major point that I am attempting to drive home is that understanding your woodlands and its worth can provide a significant benefit to your farming operation. This may be especially true if you log your properties in years when other traditional crops and livestock are not as profitable, turning potentially bad years into good ones. Forestry is often overlooked within the agricultural community but the impact one harvest acre has on the economy within Kentucky is substantial. Wooded acreage also offers an opportunity to generate annual income through hunt leasing. Hunt leasing will be a future topic as many landowners within Kentucky are going this route but I wanted to give a quick rundown on this as

a potential income source. Deer hunt leases in Kentucky will bring the largest income to the landowners, with the range price being anywhere from $5- $30/acre. Prices are influenced by several variables including size and composition of properties, year-

Example of a properly managed woodland in Kentucky ready to be harvested.(Photo: Matt Springer) Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


round access to hunters, abilities to hunt multiple game species, and many, many, others, some most people wouldn’t even think of until they tried to lease a property to a hunter that is incredibly well traveled and informed. Generally you will get the highest income for your wooded acres, followed by grassland and cropland, and the lowest amounts for pasture. This mostly has to do with the fact that wooded acres are where the game animals will spend most of their time. The less wooded acres you have the less money you may be able to get for a lease. Forest management can influence your income because having a healthy woodlands generally means the wildlife within the woodlands are thriving as well (healthy deer have bigger antlers!). Solid forest management will help landowners fetch a higher hunt lease income as well as higher income when the property is logged. Understanding some of the keys to forest, invasive species, and wildlife management will help you increase the income off your woodlands both annually and when you harvest your timber. The Woodland Owner Short Course is an UK Department of Forestry extension field program that has been occurring for about the last decade. There are 3 programs annually, with a different hosting location within the western, central, and eastern parts of Kentucky each year. The program is meant to be both a crash course for landowners about their woodlands and also a more in-depth course as well that includes information on where to find help for management activities, how to maximize the woodlands value, and how to go about a successful harvest of your timber. In addition, the program touches on the farm bill and cost-share assistance programs that are available to help support the small but important management activities that occur every few years to help maintain the health of your woodlands. This year the day long programs will be hosted in Laurel County (August 12), Warren County (August 26), and Kenton County (September 23). To give you an Cont’d on pg.

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Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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John Venable: A Cattle Farmer with an Engineer’s Mind neighboring farms in Clark and Madison Counties in 1974, Venable was on the scene immediately. Farmer John McCord’s farm was badly hit, and he remembers the generosity of his close friend. “I’ll never forget it,” said McCord. “He reached into his pocket and pulled out some money and said, ‘You might need this.’” McCord met Venable in the late 1960s and the pair bonded over their affinity for buying and fixing up old tractors, especially Internationals and Farmalls. “John and I would go antique tractor hunting all around the country,” said McCord. “We used to restore them. I bet he had 25 or 30 old tractors. He was very interested in metalwork and machinery.” “My dad was a tinkerer,” agreed Johnson. “He was a farmer with an engineering mind. If he didn’t like the way something was made, he often remade his own version of it.



artha Venable Johnson remembers her father, John Venable, as a man of many interests. When he wasn’t farming tobacco or tending to his herd of purebred Angus cattle, he was foxhunting with the Iroquois Hunt Club, restoring old tractors or designing and making gates for his farms in Clark and Bourbon Counties. The 2016 Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Hall of Fame inductee was also a generous man. Venable, 28

who passed away, aged 93, in 2016, was a regular contributor of his time and money to the KCA and to his alma mater, the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, where he was a loyal member of the Alpha Gamma Rho fraternity. And in 2007, he and his sister, Jane Venable Brown, donated seven Angus bulls to farmers in Louisiana who had been wiped out by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. “He always looked for way to make life better, not only for the people here on the farm, but for other people, too,” said Johnson. After a devastating tornado hit Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

“He loved the original Farmalls. He had quite the collection. He never showed them, though. He went out and worked them.” “People said my dad couldn’t mow with a batwing with a Super 8, but guess what, I batwinged with a Super 8. And, I rolled all the hay with an MTA, which is an even more rare tractor,” laughed Johnson. Johnson has fond memories of growing up at what she calls “The Homestead,” also known as the Samuel Archer Bedford Woodford Home on Combs Ferry Road in Clark County, where Venable’s sister Jane still lives. Johnson remembers helping her dad feed their herd of purebred Angus cattle when she was only three years old. “He let me drive the truck, while he threw baled hay off the back,” she said. “I’d stand up on the seat and steer. That was my job. I learned by travelling with him.” Venable instilled in his daughter a


love of the land. “I was a very busy child, thanks to my dad,” said Johnson. “I did 4H. I did Future Farmers of America. I did cows. I did Junior Conservation Board. I tinkered with horses in Pony Club. All of those organizations turned me into the person I am today.” Johnson is an active member of the Iroquois Hunt Club, and her love of fox hunting was inherited from her father, who spent many hours on the back of a horse galloping over his farmland with the rest of the hunt followers. “I can remember following my dad on the hunt when I was a small girl,” said Johnson. “He loved to hunt. He enjoyed seeing his land. He was so in tune with nature. He was a steward of the greenery and the trees.” And not many people know that Venable was also an enthusiastic polo player. “He played a bit at the Lexington Polo Club,” said Johnson. “He loved the camaraderie of it.” Today, Johnson and her family live next door to the 450-acre Bourbon County farm where her dad raised hay and cattle. “There are little signs of my dad all over the farm,” said Johnson. “He made his own gates. All of his gate fasteners are unique. I’ll open a gate, and it’s just like he’s there with me.” Venable was always thinking of ways to make fencing, barns and gates more efficient for handling cattle and raising tobacco.

right to sell the very first cow at the stockyards by being the highest bidder at the fundraising auction at the Kentucky Cattlemen Association’s annual banquet at its convention in January. “I did it in Daddy’s memory,” she said. “I get to sell the first lot through the new stockyards. I also got a brick, a hinge and a gate latch.” “That was a very expensive hinge

“His motto was the Yankee motto, “Use it up, wear it out, make it do or do without,” explained his sister, Mrs. Brown. Although her family have been members of the American Angus Association for more than 100 years, Johnson has been developing her own particular herd of cattle. “We don’t do purebred cattle, but I always use purebred bulls,” explained Johnson. “My goal is to develop a black white-face herd with the hybrid vigor of the Hereford and the Angus.” Johnson is looking forward to selling her hybrid cattle at the brand-new Blue Grass Stockyards on Ironworks Pike, north of Lexington when it opens in early September 2017. In fact, she’s looking forward to it so much, she bought the exclusive

and gate latch!” laughed Johnson. It’s likely that Johnson won’t be the only one thinking fondly of her much-loved father, John Venable, as her family’s cattle goes under the hammer in the pristine new auction ring. Many people in the audience will remember the popular cattle farmer from Clark County, who made friends wherever he went.





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Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

-Mr. Douglas, Henry County

Chris McBurney

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Santa Gertrudis



erception vs. reality. Replacing faulty perception with fact based information, better known as reality, is challenging in a beef industry when many portray American Breeds Cattle as inferior on several fronts, particularly from a carcass quality standpoint. The Santa Gertrudis Carcass Quality Roundtable, held in Ft. Worth, Texas earlier this year, provided participants with information that effectively combats the faulty perceptions some hold regarding the breed’s carcass quality and serves as proof Santa Gertrudis feeders not only hit endpoint targets but hit them directly in the bulls-eye. Program participants reviewed harvest data on 3,500 head of Santa Gertrudis and Santa Gertrudis influenced cattle fed and processed in the Texas Panhandle in 2014 and 2016 by one of the nation’s largest feeders. The data provided a snap shot of the breed’s ability to produce feeders that are profitable and consumer pleasing.

Heifer Carcass Data: Dressing % %Prime/Choice % Sub Select YG 1s & 2s YG 4s & 5s

64.7% 78.7% 00.6% 51.2% 7.1%

Steer Carcass Data:

Dressing % 64.3% %Prime/Choice 70.9% % Sub Select 00.6% YG 1s and 2s 47.7% YG 4s and 5s 6.5% The information becomes even more exciting when comparing the Santa Gertrudis steer averages to the 2016 total plant average: Dressing % 63.7% %Prime/Choice 62.3% %Sub Select 3.0% YG 1s & 2s 52.3% YG 4s & 5s 7.8% The number of Prime and Choice quality grades for Santa Gertrudis steers were 8 percentage points greater than the plant average. Is the data an anomaly? It’s not, John Josserand, AzTx Cattle Company President, reported similar performance for Santa Gertrudis cattle fed at the company’s Hereford, Texas Feedyard. This is reality, the Santa Gertrudis genetic package is profitable in all sectors of the beef industry including the feedyard and packing plant. The genomic advances made by members of the cattle industry over the last few years have been dramatic, allowing genetic improvements to be made in a 2 to 3-year period instead of the 10 or more it use to take. Santa Gertrudis Breeders International was an early adopter of genomic enhanced EPDs and the first beef breed to utilize a system based on pedigree relationship for the inclusion of DNA into the genetic evaluation calculations. Genomics are changing the game and SGBI’s genetic toolbox has been, and is, a game changer for the breed allowing Santa Gertrudis seedstock producers to identify profitable genetics capable of weaning a healthy, heavy calf that feeds efficiently and hangs a high-quality carcass on the rail that hits all the end-point targets. Santa Gertrudis are DATA DRIVEN and PROFIT PROVEN. 30

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

S a n t a G e rt r u d i s The Preferred American Beef Breed

If you need to “Beef Up” your herd, contact these breeders of quality Santa Gertrudis cattle! 387 Goodin-Williams Rd. Hodgenville, KY 42748 270/358-4820

Larry Osborne Mosby Creek Ranch

385 Mosby Creek Road Sparta, KY 41086 937/604-4999

The Smith Family Rebel Ridge Santa Gertrudis

Doug Estes Estes Farm

Randall & Barb Beckman Beckman Farms

John & Karen Taylor Windcrest Farms

Pat & Beverly Heath Heath Farms

2805 New Glendale Road Elizabethtown, KY 42701 270/765-7869

Charles and Deanna Parker Parker Farms 5552 Jackson Highway Cave City, KY 42127 270/678-5302

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Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association





he Kentucky Santa Gertrudis Junior Association excels in many areas. We have members from Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Tennessee, Georgia, North Carolina and Missouri. I would like to introduce you to some of the outstanding young peo-

ple. Randall Strickmeyer: Randy is from Verona, Ky. He is a 3rd generation showman of Santa Gertrudis Cattle. He


attends Western Kentucky University. His list of achievements in the show ring includes the Reserve National Champion 2017 at Jackson, Mississippi, National Grand Champion Female at Fort Worth in 2016 and Reserve Yearling Champion 2015. He has also received top honors at various state fairs

and the North American. Ashley Osborne: Ashley has served as both the Kentucky and District VI.

She has excelled in the show ring at the Kentucky, Ohio and Indiana State Fairs, North American and the National Junior Heifer Show. Good luck to Ashley as she competes for the National Santa Gertrudis Queen.

Cody Heath as an 8 year old received the Star Five Heifer Champion at the 1st Star Five Show at the KY State Fair and Reserve Champion at the North American. Cody has won several

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

public speaking and showmanship Championships with his team member Lou.

Jaycie Heath is a student at the University of Kentucky. She received the National Star Five Championship at Jackson Mississippi. Her Star Five Heifer from TT Ranches was awarded the 2016 High Point Star Five award at the Santa Gertrudis Annual Meeting in Tyler Texas.

FEATURE the leadership skills that he has shown. As a member of the Junior Board he has served as Treasurer and President. He has excelled in public speaking at the KY Junior Show, District VI and National Junior Heifer Show. In the field of showing he has exhibited a National Junior Heifer Show Champion Shelby and Roten Smith of LaGrange, Ky. are active members of the Kentucky Association. Their father, Rodney Smith is currently serving as president of the Kentucky group. Shelby serves as the Princess of the Kentucky Junior Association and a winner at the 2016 Dist. VI junior heifer show. Roten is a contest winner at both the KY Junior Show and at Dist. VI. They are a great help with the all the Kentucky activities. Will McDaniel of Georgia began to take part in the Kentucky Junior Activities at an early age. We have enjoyed knowing Will and appreciate

Heifer, KY Junior Show Champion and a Kentucky State Fair Grand Champion. Will is assisting another Jr. at the National Jr. Heifer Show in 2016. Blaine Patterson is from Indiana

and participates in most of our Kentucky Activities. He has won various awards in contests at the National Jr. Heifer Show, Kentucky Junior Show and District VI Heifer Show. Blaine has been a winner in the crafts contest at the Kentucky Junior Show consistently. Blaine is an excellent showman, receiving recognition with both his cattle and showmanship skills. Blaine is always willing to help the all the exhibitors, a real winner in and out of the show ring.

This group is some of the exhibitors in the clover bud class at the Kentucky Junior Heifer Show. Last year 15 children participated in this class for children 8 and under or exhibitors that needed a little help. This group may have an adult or older junior assist them if needed. Many of the participants are third generation Santa Gertrudis exhibitors. The future looks good with this many youngsters exhibiting Santa Gertrudis Cattle.

Data Driven - Profit Proven

• Margi ns are tight, choices are numerous and accuracy and

dependable data is the one thing available to cattlemen to pave the path to profitability.

• With a large data set and utilizing cutting-edge genomic

technology, SGBI provides Santa Gertrudis breeders with the in formation and tools to produce genetically superior cattle for their customers.

• No matter your production system, environment, marketing

system or genetic base, adding data-driven Santa Gertrudis to your operation will increase your profitability.

• Cow fertility and reproductive efficiency are the primary drivers











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of profitability, more so than value-added terminal marketing programs. Santa Gertrudis cattle have proven maternal traits, producing calves with more pounds at weaning.



Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




Don’t Miss Your Chance to Reach 20,000 Producers! The August issue will be mailed to 20,000 producers across the state of Kentucky. KCA uses it as a membership tool but you, too, can benefit by advertising! Call Jacob Redway by July 10 at 859-278-0899.

39th Annual Santa Gertrudis Sale Set for July 15


t is time for the 39 th annual Kentucky Santa Gertrudis Sale and this year may be our biggest and best yet! We have cattle f rom 6 states as well as the bluegrass. This year’s offering will have purebred herd sires, pairs, bred and open heifers, as well as a great selection of star 5 females. Star 5 cattle are at least 50% Santa Gertrudis with the other half being made up of any other breed or combination of breeds. We have a great selection of cattle to choose from to fit any operation both purebred and commercial. There is high demand in recent years for the Santa

Gertrudis genetics and this will be a great opportunity for cattlemen across the area to introduce these great genetics into their herd.

Come out on July 14-15 to see cattle from 6 different states. We hope to see you there!

The sale cattle will be judged on Friday, July 14 at 9:00 A.M. At 6:30 P.M. on July 14, everyone is invited to join us for dinner and fellowship at the Western Kentucky Expo Center. We will have plenty of food for all and it is a great time to talk to fellow cattlemen, make new connections, or renew old ones. Cattle are available for viewing at 9:00 A.M. on July 15 and the sale will begin at 11:00 A.M. We look forward to having a great sale to go along with this great set of cattle. For questions or catalog information please contact myself, Nolan Taylor, at 270-589-9046 or sale manager Darren Richmond at 423-364-9281.

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Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Nutrient Supplementation to Meet Production Goals Glen Aiken



Research Animal Scientist/Agronomist USDA-ARS FAPRU

inter feeding programs are just that; hay or silage is fed, or stockpiled fall growth is offered to overcome the lack of available green forage during the winter. Concentrates or co-product feeds can be fed to overcome limited nutrients in the stored forage source. Winter feeding in most years represents the largest cost to cattle producers. Feeding highquality hay or baleage that has been properly harvested, processed and stored can often be fed without additional nutrients to meet animal requirements, but producing or purchasing these higher quality forages can also come at a high cost. What about feeding protein or energy supplements during the growing season? This may seem like an odd thing to do; after all, why feed a supplement when your pasture is producing good green forage? For example, it may be acceptable that cattle on perennial coolseason grass pastures decline in body condition during the summer when there is a slump in forage growth. Do you except it because there is nothing you can do about it, even though it

is negatively affecting the bottom line? Actually, something can be done. Supplements can be fed if it is cost effective (a net return from the added input cost). There certainly is a risk in depleting the hay barn during the growing season when you do not know what the hay needs will be in the following winter. However, soy hulls can be a cost-effective replacement for hay. Soy hulls contain high fiber and average approximately 12 percent crude protein. It is important to understand that consumption of hay or soy hulls during a summer dry period or slump in growth will result in less pasture being grazed. This can conserve the pasture forage, improving the pasture’s ability to recover and generate growth following the dry period. Otherwise, there can be a cost for herbicides, seed and fertilizer if overgrazing during and after a drought leads to pasture renovation. In our research at the Agricultural Research Service Forage Animal Production Research Unit, we evaluated feeding soy hulls at 0.6 to 0.9 percent of body weight to steers grazing toxic endophyte tall fescue during the spring and early summer. Average daily gain (ADG) of steers fed soy hulls was 31 percent, and those fed soy hulls and ear implanted with estradiol were 70 percent greater than steers without soy hull feeding or implantation. Economic analysis indicated the breakeven cost

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for soy hulls without implantation was $120 per ton, and $240 with implants. Therefore, the cost effectiveness of feeding soy hulls during spring growth of tall fescue was dependent on using estradiol implants. A study with bermudagrass evaluated feeding ground corn at 2 pounds per steer every day or 4 pounds per steer every other day. The study was conducted for 112 days over the summer with nitrogen fertilizer being split-applied to maintain sufficient CP concentrations in the forage. Average daily gain per day was 2.09 pounds with corn and 1.67 pounds without corn. There was no difference in AGD between feeding every day or every other day. The breakeven for corn cost was $200 per ton, which indicated the cost effectiveness of feeding low amounts of an energy supplement to steers grazing bermudagrass in the summer. Here are a few factors to consider when deciding to supplement pasture forage to meet nutrient requirements of cattle on pasture: 1) Understand the nutritive value of your forage, both pasture and hay. You cannot know exactly what the nutrient value of your pastures at any given time, but at least understand the nutritive potential of the pasture forages, with and without nitrogen fertilization, and how nutritive value can change over the growing season. 2) Understand how critical the

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supply of forages to cattle is in meeting their nutrient requirements. I am not saying you should know the exact tonnage of forage per acre, but a pasture stick obtained from the Extension service can be a good management tool in keeping track of cattle body condition over various ranges in pasture heights. This can also be best accomplished with a well-planned rotational stocking system. 3) Understand how nutrient requirements of cattle will change over the growing season of the pastures. Are the cows lactating or dry? The requirements for cows in early lactation will be high for maximum milk production. We seem to not be too concerned about the dry and pregnant cow, but it is best to have her in good body condition (but not obese) during the third trimester so that losses in postpartum body condition does not limit her success at rebreeding. Also, maintaining body condition of bulls as they enter the breeding season can directly affect calving percentages. High production goals can be met, but the correct balance between pasture nutrient supply and meeting animal requirements will be achieved by occasionally feeding outside nutrient sources. Next month, I will discuss the facts and fiction of the perfect forage and management scheme.

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Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association





REPORTERS: Kalli Flanders

KJCA Directors Directors At Large: Abigal Smoot, Gabriel Sharp, Trey Tucker & Jessica Tucker REGION 1 Zach Imbruglio & Walter Steely



he Kentucky Junior Cattlemen hosted the sixth annual KJCA Leadership Camp June 9-10. For this year’s theme, the group studied commodities outside the Kentucky beef industry looking at different farming operations. The group was able to tour three different operations in the Danville area including a sheep farm, a seed farm, and a hog farm. The first stop was to Four Hills Farm owned and operated by Jim Mansfield. Four Hills Farm has a location in Salvisa as well as Danville where they raise Katahdin sheep and market lambs year long. Jim gave an overview of the breed and spoke on how they manage their farm and animals. The second stop was to Caverndale Farms Brand Seeds, a family owned seed farm devoted to focusing on hybrids and varieties that work in the Mid-South growing area. Barry Welty,

seed consultant for Caverndale, gave the group a tour of the facility and explained the science and importance behind seed genetics. The last stop in Danville was to Vista Brook Farm, a commercial and show hog operation specializing in a variety of breeds, including; Chester Whites, Duroc, Hampshire, Yorkshire, Spots, Landrace, and Cross-breds. Kevin Ellis explained the history of his family’s farm and showcased some of their top hogs. The gilts especially loved the extra attention they got that day! On the second day the group toured River Hills Ranch in Richmond. River Hills is a sustainable Suri Alpaca ranch producing quality animals, fiber, yarn, clothing, home textiles, and nutritious meat. Owner and operator, Alvina Maynard, began the tour at the front of the farm showing the students the female herd of alpacas. During the visit, Jessica Tucker, a junior member in the group, noticed that an alpaca was in labor! It was great timing for the group

REGION 2 Megan Underwood & Kailey Thompson REGION 3 Quentin Sowder & Jeremy Miller REGION 4 Addie White & Will Blaydes REGION 5 Julia Weaber & Reba Prather ADVISOR Nikki Whitaker and Niki Ellis


Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

to be able to witness the birth of the cria (baby alpaca) and a great opportunity to learn about the breeding and husbandry of alpacas. The second day ended with a visit to the Lexington Farmers Market, a year round farmers market with over 75 members. Josh England, market manager, gave the group an overview of the market and how unique all the commodities are to the market. The group was able to walk around and talk with the vendors about their operations and the different products they produce. They were also able to purchase lunch and sample many of the products available. The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation is proud to fund the KJCA Leadership Camp. If you are interested in attending next year’s camp or want more information on other KJCA activities throughout the year, visit under the Youth Activities tab or contact the KCA office at 859-278-0899.


Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



“I enjoy being a member of KCA! The information that I gather from Cow Country News and the meetings I attend helps me to manage my cattle better.” Bobby Shilts – Breckinridge County

I'm a KCA member because...

Division 1 (151+ MEMBERS) 2017 Barren Breckinridge Shelby Marion Adair Grayson Madison Logan Bath Lincoln Jessamine Larue Washington Hart Mercer Clark Hardin Warren Christian Casey Meade Green Harrison

459 432 357 324 278 278 263 262 251 240 226 206 204 194 194 191 183 182 182 168 167 165 155

2016 Difference 512 401 338 303 248 290 270 290 212 251 217 230 209 205 199 187 225 206 200 159 170 174 159

-53 31 19 21 30 -12 -7 -28 39 -11 9 -24 -5 -11 -5 4 -42 -24 -18 9 -3 -9 -4

If you need anything for membership, please contact Nikki Whitaker at (859)278-0899 or 38

Division 2 (76-150 MEMBERS) Division 3 (0-75 MEMBERS) 2017 Henry Northern Kentucky Fleming Monroe Daviess Allen Laurel Metcalfe Trimble Northeast Area Pulaski Franklin Scott Anderson Garrard Mountain Jackson Edmonson Boyle Webster Purchase Area Owen Campbell Russell Caldwell-Lyon Muhlenberg Bourbon Fayette Mason Hancock

139 133 133 130 126 124 124 117 116 114 113 112 110 104 103 98 98 97 95 90 88 84 83 82 80 79 78 78 63 55

2016 Difference 150 132 120 135 123 108 134 121 124 115 113 111 111 89 96 85 106 84 96 79 79 80 81 83 82 97 92 81 78 98

-11 1 13 -5 3 16 -10 -4 -8 -1 0 1 -1 15 7 13 -8 13 -1 11 9 4 2 -1 -2 -18 -14 -3 -15 -43

2017 Bracken 156 Taylor 83 Clinton-Cumberland77 Louisville Area 72 Woodford 70 Out of State 69 Nelson 69 Todd 65 Trigg 61 Ohio 61 Grant 59 Rockcastle 57 Oldham 56 Pendleton 53 Whitley 51 Highlands 47 McCreary 44 Carroll 43 Wayne 42 Estill 42 Butler 42 Union 39 Robertson 39 Lewis 39 Montgomery 35 Nicholas 35 Simpson 33 Twin Lakes 33 Clay 31 Calloway 30 Bullitt 26

Division 3 (CONTINUED)

2016 Difference 27 72 59 66 57 62 70 63 63 75 66 63 65 49 51 54 48 50 50 39 37 42 31 27 51 40 27 23 33 27 43

129 11 18 6 13 7 -1 2 -2 -14 -7 -6 -9 4 0 -7 -4 -7 -8 3 5 -3 8 12 -16 -5 6 10 -2 3 -17

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

2017 McLean Livingston Menifee Hopkins Crittenden Henderson Magoffin River Hills Powell Eastern Foothills Knox Pike Gallatin Bell Harlan

26 25 23 19 19 16 12 8 7 7 6 4 2 1 1

2016 Difference 35 26 21 22 27 16 13 13 8 9 5 4 2 1 1

-9 -1 2 -3 -8 0 -1 -5 -1 -2 1 0 0 0 0

TOTALS AS OF: JUNE 8, 2017 10442 10470 -28

2016-17 Membership Application * Membership Year 10/1/16– 9/30/17

Name:_________________________________________________________Spouse Name:____________________________________________________________ Farm Name:_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Address:__________________________________________________________City:____________________________State:______Zip:______________________ County:___________________________________________________________Recruited By:_______________________________________________________ Phone: (___________)__________________-____________________________Fax: (___________)_________________-_________________________________ E-Mail:_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ * Payments of KCA membership dues are tax deductible for most members as an ordinary and necessary business expense. However, charitable contributions of gifts to KCA are not tax deductible for Federal Income Tax purposes. Due to new IRS regulations, $2.24 of your dues would not be deductible. Approximately $12 of your dues will go towards the monthly publication Cow Country News.

County Dues

Please check the Membership(s) you would like to join: ___ KCA Membership : $30/yr

____ New

____ Renewal

Dues are $30 except for the counties listed below.

(Membership Dues are $30 unless otherwise listed below.)

Allen $40 Anderson $25 Bourbon $20 Boyle $35 Bullitt $20 Butler $25 Franklin $25 Highlands $20 (Boyd, Floyd, Johnson, Lawrence, & Martin) Hopkins $35 Laurel $35 Lewis $35 Lincoln $25 Louisville Area $20 (Jefferson, & Spencer)

___ KCA Couple Membership (To add your spouse please add $15 to your KCA Membership) ___ Kentucky Junior Cattlemen’s Association: $10/year

___ New

___ Renewal

___ I would like more information on the Young Producer’s Council Total Membership: KCA:




Total Contributions: Cattlemen’s Foundation Donation (Voluntary): $_________ ** All donations to KCF are tax deductible.** Total Amount Enclosed:$____________

If you would also like to join the National Cattlemen’s Beef Assoc... The NCBA is now a State Marketing Partner with the KCA. You can pay your dues to both organizations with one check, at the same time.

McCreary $25 Magoffin $20 Menifee $25 Mountain $25 (Breathitt, Knott, Lee, Leslie, Letcher, Morgan, Owsley, Perry & Wolfe) Oldham $35 Taylor $20 Twin Lakes $20 Warren $40 Wayne $25 Whitley $25 Woodford $25

NCBA Annual Producer Dues: # Head


# Head
























+ .38/hd

Complete and return to: Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 176 Pasadena Dr. • Lexington, KY 40503

For faster service, join online at Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association





JULY 10-16

JULY 17-23

JULY 24-30

INSTRUCTIONS Place steak between 2 pieces of plas c wrap. Using smooth side of meat mallet, pound steak to 1/2-inch thickness. Place steak in large food-safe plas c bag or large baking dish. Combine marinade ingredients in small bowl. Pour marinade over steak; turn to coat. Close bag securely or cover dish and marinate in refrigerator 4 hours or as long as overnight, turning occasionally. Preheat oven to 425°F. Line shallow baking pan with parchment paper. Remove steak from marinade. Reserve remaining marinade; cover and refrigerate. Place steak on cu ng board so grain is running top to bo om. Spread tapenade on steak. Arrange spinach evenly on tapenade and sprinkle with feta. Star ng from side closest to you, roll the steak ghtly to form a log. Using 6 (8 inch long) pieces of kitchen string, e log in even intervals. Cut log between string into 6 equal pieces, leaving string in place. Place pieces, cut-side up, on baking pan. In a medium bowl, combine reserved marinade and tomatoes, toss to coat. Arrange tomato mixture around pinwheels. Roast in 425°F for 25 to 35 minutes un l instant read temperature inserted horizontally into center registers 165°F. Let stand 5 minutes before serving.


Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Keeping Up With Kiah Kiah Twisselman - Kentucky Beef Council Director of Consumer Affairs

We had just walked into the hotel lobby in Bowling Green, luggage in hand and ready to get settled in for the night. It was May, and the following day began our Beef Month media tour. When traveling for work, it isn’t uncommon for our Kentucky Beef Council t-shirts to spark curiosity with strangers. And if t-shirts aren’t enough to do it, the Chevy Suburban-mounted grill we shamelessly cook on in any given parking lot is sure to turn some heads (and maybe even solicit a few hopeful souls begging for a bite). This day was no exception, as the hotel concierge began asking us what on earth a “Beef Council” does. We continued to tell her about our mission to promote beef in Kentucky and educate consumers about all aspects of the industry. “So, what is beef? It’s just steak, right?” she asked nicely. I paused before answering, in all honesty trying to evaluate whether her question was genuine or sarcastic. To my surprise, this kind woman was in fact dumbfounded to discover that beef jerky actually comes from a cow! After she told me that she also believed that chocolate milk

came from brown cows, I knew the misinformation here was far greater than I had anticipated. Houston, we have a problem. We hear some pretty creative ideas and misinformed thoughts about eating beef, raising cattle, and the agriculture industry as a whole when we visit schools across the state. But to hear this false perception of how food is made from an adult is a bit staggering. Some may say that people who don’t understand where their food comes from are uneducated… but what if part of this misinformation is that they are unexposed? Think about it. The average American is three generations removed from the farm. Especially for those living in urban areas, perhaps agriculture is not always top of mind because it is so far out of sight. In a recent article in the Washington Post, co-founder of FoodCorps, a non-profit which brings agriculture and nutrition education into elementary schools, Cecily Upton, brings up this issue, “Right now, we’re conditioned to think that if you need food, you go to the store. Nothing in our educational framework teaches kids where food comes from before that point.” So who is responsible for filling in the gaps?

If I ever doubt that my job has no purpose, I must remember moments like this at the hotel front desk. If I ever think our work is done, I must remind myself that the gap between our farms and the consumers’ fork isn’t growing any smaller any time soon. It is our goal as advocates for Kentucky beef producers to create more exposure by telling your story. It’s a darn good one to tell. Like you, my beef story is my family story. I can’t tell it without passion, or without wanting to take them back to the farm to show them with their own eyes. As Beef Council staff, we can go a long way towards creating informed consumers through transparent communications, immersive education, and active promotion of beef consumption. But when you as a beef producer take time to bring people to your farm and answer questions about how you raise their food, you’ve made an impression for life. And there will be one less person out there pondering where beef jerky comes from. Till next time,


Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


KENTUCKY BEEF NETWORK KBN is Supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund

Kentucky Beef Network Hires New Field Associate


he Kentucky Beef Network (KBN) is proud to welcome Jacob Settles as the newest field associate. Settles will be responsible for serving Jessamine, Madison, Boyle, Garrard, Lincoln, Casey, Rockcastle, Pulaski, Laurel, Wayne, McCreary, Whitley counties by assisting Kentucky cattlemen in participating KBN programs and implementing best management practices on their farms. Settles grew up on his family’s beef cattle operation in Washington County where he raises and markets Rising Sons Beef freezer beef. Jacob’s father Jeff Settles was one of KBN’s first field associates covering the central part of the state when KBN first started. Settles states “The cattle industry has always been a passion for me, I am blessed to have this opportunity to work with other cattlemen throughout the state of Kentucky.” Becky Thompson, Director of the

Kentucky Beef Network says, “By expanding our team we are able to increase our outreach into more counties and impact more Kentucky cattlemen by supporting them on the farm.” The Kentucky Beef Network, LLC is a non-profit company whose purpose is to help all 38,000 cattlemen in Kentucky have the opportunity to improve animal health, genetics, forages, and marketing opportunities by enhancing producer profitability through programs and services they provide. The Kentucky Beef Network continues to manage grants funded by the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund which are designed to increase net farm income. My name is Jacob Settles, and I am the new Kentucky Beef Network field associate for the central region. I have lived and worked on my family’s beef cattle

KBN Hires Summer Intern


ello! My name is Ben Willoughby, from Grant County, Kentucky, and I am very excited to serve as the Kentucky Beef Network’s summer intern for 2017. I am currently working at the Eden Shale Farm and Learning Center, where I get a very hands-on experience working in the hay field and with the cattle. I am very excited to continue learning about the cattle industry in the state, through doing Integrated Reproductive Management (IRM) farm visits and the opportunities to gain more interactive experiences with KBN. This fall I will be a junior in the University 42

of Kentucky’s College of Agriculture, majoring in Agricultural Education with minors in Animal Sciences and Plant & Soil Science. After graduating, I plan on pursuing a Master’s Degree in Animal Sciences, and any knowledge I gain during my experiences with the KBN may lead to influencing that decision. I am also serving as the 2017 Noble Ruler of Alpha Gamma Rho at the University of Kentucky. I am very excited to continue my internship with the KBN for the summer and I am looking forward to more involvement with Kentucky’s beef industry.

farm in Washington County my entire life where we raise and market freezer beef, Rising Sons Beef, all over the state of Kentucky. The cattle industry has always

been a passion of mine and I am blessed to have this opportunity to work with other cattlemen throughout the state of Kentucky. I will be working primarily in the following counties, Boyle, Jessamine, Garrard, Lincoln, Rockcastle, Pulaski, Casey, Madison, Laurel, Whitley, Wayne, and McCreary. I look forward to building working relationships with cattlemen throughout these counties to improve their herds, facilities, pastures, and other aspects of their operations. My goal is to be a tool that is available to other cattlemen to help them be more successful. Kentucky has improved its cattle herd immensely over the last decade and I look forward to being a part of that continued growth. My phone number is 859-805-0724 and welcome phone calls from anyone that feels I could be of assistance to them or someone that they know. God has blessed me greatly with this opportunity and I look forward to doing the best job that I can for Kentucky cattlemen.

KBN Facilitators Ben Lloyd

Ron Shrout

Charles Embry

Tim Graves

Whitesville, KY (270) 993-1074

Cave City, KY (270) 646-5939

Jacob Settles

Springfield, KY (859) 805-0724

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Winchester, KY (606) 205-6143

Springfield, KY (859) 481-3954


Eden Shale Update

Dan Miller

----------------Kentucky Beef Network Industry Coordinator


s soon as the Fenceline Feeding System Field Day was over we started on our next project with Dr. Higgins. This project was to develop a spring and utilize a tire waterer to give the cattle access to fresh water from two separate pastures. Developing this spring will also allow us to get rid of an old, silted in pond that has not held water for many years. The dam of the pond has several washed out spots that baby calves tend to get trapped in. Also, adjacent to the old dam is a wet spot out in the field that cattle try to drink water from and when they do, they sink up to their bellies in mud. As part of the spring development we are going to harvest the water from the wet spot and

dry the surface up so that the cattle will not have trouble crossing it. This spring development will hopefully solve three things: 1) eliminate an old pond that is hazardous to the cattle, 2) dry up a problematic wet spot in a pasture, and 3) provide cattle with a clean, free water source year round. The contractor started by cleaning out the old pond and removing some small trees that were growing on the pond dam. We then dug back into the hill and located the source of the spring. This spring had a two inch pipe in it that someone had put there many years ago. According to a previous farm manager, the UK farm crew would use this spring water to make their morning coffee. We collected the spring water with a low retaining wall with a pipe through it and back filled it with large gravel. The water then runs to a collection box where it fills up and then flows into the pipe that feeds the tire waterer. This collection box also gathers water from the wet spot in the field that we tiled. There is also

an overflow in the collection box, incase the flow is greater than what the pipe to the tire can carry. This overflow is piped down the hill to the existing stream bed. We installed an 8 foot tire that is located so that is serves two separate fields. Both of these field already had water in them, but it was located on the opposite side and was over 1,100 foot from the new location. The tire has an inlet pipe where the water flows into the tire, and then a overflow pipe that was installed at the full elevation of the tire. The water from the spring flows continuously into the tire and then back out the overflow pipe keeping the tire full. Same as before, the overflow pipe flows back down to the existing stream bed before discharging. We fenced off the waterer so that it can service both

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

fields as the same time. The pond was reshaped to match the existing terrain and a drainage area that gets concentrated flow was hardened with large rocks that were recovered during the construction project. This spring flows year round and has had no trouble keeping the tire water tank full. I anticipate this tire waterer to not freeze very easily since the water is flowing continuously and it is coming out of the ground at a constant temperature. The tank has been working very well so far, but I am curious to see how this system does in cold weather. To see more details and pictures about this spring development, visit our blog at www. 43

K E N T U CK Y SI M M E N T AL ASSO CI AT I O N Congratulations to all exhibitors at the 2017 KJSA State Show!

R oy , J essic a and C ooper C anada 6 0 0 C um b erland D riv e • M oreh ead, K Y 4 0 3 5 1 8 5 9 -2 2 7 -7 3 2 3 racek an n on @ h otmail. com

Swain Select Simmental

12113 G reen V alley Dr. • L ouisville, K Y 40243

f rederick sw ain@ bellsouth. net • w w w . sw ainselect. com

AK Phillips Champion Purebred Female

Dillon Taylor Reserve Purebred Female

Bella Swain Champion BO Purebred Female

Raylee Dotson Reserve BO Purebred Female

2017 KJSA State Show Participants

Jordan Stephens Champion % & BO % Female

Blake Sutherland Reserve % Female

Fred & Phyllis 502- 245- 3866 502- 594560

1156 B

J udy and R ondal Daw son uz z ard R oost R oad She lby ville, K Y 4065 502- 593- 5136 j rdaw son22@ outlook .c om

RC C Josie Phillips Reserve BO % Female

Laura Ann Pettit Champion Steer

Bryce Cook Champion Bull

Grant Hoffman Reserve Bull

Chi & Angie 502- 479727 502- 287- 2116

Ratliff Cattle Company

100 Carpenter Ridge Salyersville KY, 41465 Jim Ratliff 606.496-6522

“UNBELIEVABULL SIMMENTALS” Graves Grandview Simmental Farm

AK Phillips Champion Senior Showman

Tucker Swain Champion Intermediate Showman

Bella Swain Champion Junior Showman

MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION NAME ___________________________ ____________ FARM NAME__________________________________ ADDRSS_____________________________________ CITY_________________STATE_____ ZIP__________ PHONE (BUSINESS)___________________________ (HOME)______________________________________


Call or visit one of th ese Simmental b reeders for cattle th at work !

www.k ys immental.c om

Timothy Graves 560 Rudd Lane Springfield, KY 40069 (859) 481-3954 •

Brian & Heather Swain 3906 Pottertown Road Murray, KY 42071 270-293-4440

S immental and S imA ngus B ulls for S ale

S end appl ication to: T ony a P hillips , 8190 S tonelick Rd. May sv ille, KY 41056 Membership F ee is $25.00 WAYWARD HILL FARM

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

1 9 3 9 H u n t e r t o w n Ro a d V e r s a ille s , K Y 4 0 3 8 3 B ulls for S ale C hris A llen 8 5 9 -3 5 1 -4 4 8 6 callenuk y@ D r. H enry A llen 8 5 9 -2 2 9 -0 7 5 5


Brazilian Meatpacker JBS Unveils $1.8 billion divestment plan BY TATIANA BAUTZER AND MICHAEL HIRTZER | SAO PAULO/ CHICAGO - REUTERS razilian meatpacker JBS SA  revealed a $1.8 billion divestment plan on Tuesday, putting dairy, poultry and cattle feeding assets on the block to cut debt after a corruption scandal raised concerns about its financing costs. JBS, whose controlling shareholder recently agreed to pay a massive leniency fine after becoming embroiled in sweeping graft probes that have ensnared politicians and executives, said in a securities filing that its board and state development bank BNDES still had to approve the planned asset sales. The plan, which aims to raise 6 billion reais ($1.8 billion), includes a


19.2 percent stake in Brazil-based dairy company Vigor Alimentos SA, along with its Northern Ireland unit Moy Park and Five Rivers Cattle Feeding in North America. Five Rivers has a combined feeding capacity of more than 980,000 head of cattle and locations in Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Arizona, and Idaho, according to its website. Five Rivers also manages a 75,000-head capacity feedyard in the Canadian province of Alberta. U.S. feeder cattle futures fell to nearly a two-month low of 140.775 cents per pound after the JBS announcement, before rebounding to trade down 1.625 cents at 143.175 cents. JBS shares were down 3.46 percent at 6.13 reais in early afternoon trading in Sao Paulo.

Traders said some investors were paring bets that JBS would have to sell larger slaughter operations, which would have been far more disruptive than selling its feed operations. “Originally, we were unsure if a packer would have to close a plant or something like that. This is just divesting itself from a feeding unit that someone else could buy and operate,” said David Hales, a U.S. cattle analyst.


Moy Park is one of Britain’s top 10 food companies, with 13 processing and manufacturing units in Northern Ireland, England, France, the Netherlands and Ireland. The company supplies 25 percent of chicken consumed in Western Europe, according to its website. Moy Park also has brands of ready-

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

to-eat meals, breaded and frozen foods and desserts. JBS acquired Moy Park from Brazilian rival Marfrig Global Foods SA two years ago for $1.5 billion. Reuters reported last week that two investment banks empowered to handle a sale of Vigor have contacted French dairy producers Danone SA and Groupe Lactalis SA, Mexico’s Grupo Lala SAB de CV and Switzerland’s Emmi AG to analyze the business. JBS has a minority state in Vigor, which is majority-controlled by JBS’ parent, J&F Investimentos SA. (Reporting by Tatiana Bautzer in Sao Paulo and Michael Hirtzer in Chicago; Additional reporting by Silvio Cascione in Brasilia and Tom Polansek in Chicago; Editing by Daniel Flynn and Paul Simao)



Kentucky Hereford Association K HA I nvites any H ereford Breeder to Become a M emb er!

D ues are $ 25. S end to 2396 U nion City Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 U pc om

KHA Officers

P resident: L .W . B eckley P resident-elect: T im W olf S ecretary/ T reasurer: E arlene T homas 859-623-5734 thomasep@


C o d e e Gu f f e y • 1 8 1 5 Gr a s s y Sp r i n g s Ro a d V e r s a ille s , K e n tu c k y 4 0 3 8 3 Ph o n e : 5 0 2 - 5 9 8 - 6 3 5 5 Em a i l : r o c k r i d g e h e r e f o r d s @ g m a i l . c o m w w w .r o c k r id g e h e r e fo r d s .c o m

ing E v ent s:

Sh owin’ for th e Roses Ju ly 15- 21, 2017 L ouisville, K Y Joe B. Gray 10787 New Bowling Green Road Smiths Grove, KY 52171



Registered Polled Herefords Bulls & Females for sale Tim & Peggy Wolf 12939 Peach Grove Rd. Alexandria, KY 41001 Home: 859-635-0899 Ÿ Cell: 859-991-3484

Peyton’s Well Polled Herefords Th e Lo w e l l At w 1 3 3 Ed g e w o St a n f o r d (6 0 6 ) 3 6 5 -2 5 2 0 (6 0 6 ) 6 6 9 -1 4

o o o d , K h o 5 5


d F a m ily Dr i v e

m e /f a x c e ll

Victor- influenced cattle bred for performance on grass.

“Black cows need a good Hereford Bull”

BE CK L E Y HE RE FO RD S L.W. Beckley D.V.M L. Wayne Beckley 284 Pyrse Lane 1420 Fitchburg Rd. Irvine, KY 40336 Ravenna, KY 40472 Cell: 859-779-1419 Home: 606-723-3021 Clinic: 606-726-0000 Cell: 859-779-0962


4 3 9 F la tw o o d Bo b b y & Br e 6 0 6 -5 2 3 -0 5 6 6 0 6 -3 4 4 -0 4 1 w e lls _ fa r m @

s n 7

9 y


Po l l e d H e r e f o r d s F r o z e n C a m p Ro a d • C o r b i n , K Y 4 0 7 0 1 K e v i n , An g e l a , d a W e lls K e n l e a & K y l e r Mu r r a y - H o m e 6 0 6 -5 2 8 -1 6 9 1 - H o m e - C e ll 6 0 6 - 6 8 2 - 8 1 4 3 - C e ll a h o o .c o m



Boyd Beef Cattle

5035 Main Street • Mayslick, KY 41055 Charlie Boyd II · 606-584-5194 Annual Bull Sale second Saturday in March Hereford and Angus Bulls

T K 4 H erefords T ony & Kathy S tapl es 992 Knotts Road B randenburg, KY 40108 270-422-4220 tstapl

Jackson Farms

Paul L. Hankcock 8559 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4194

Ch amb liss Hereford Farms Brad, C arla, C lay an d Clint Ch amb liss 916 W inch ester Blvd. E liz ab eth town, K Y 42701 Home ( 270) 982- 3905 • Cell ( 270) 68 - 7126 fax 270- 735-9922

Jackie D. Perkins II 367 Mt. Pisgah Rd. • Bremen, KY 42325 270-543-3586 Breeding to produce good cows since 1981.

WCN Polled Herefords Since 1961

Bi l l & Li b b 2 2 2 0 C e l i n a Ro a d Bu Ph o n e ( 2 7 0 ) 4 3 3 - 7 2 5 6 “ Ev e r y c a l f n e e d

y No r r i s r k e s v ille , K Y 4 2 7 1 7 C e ll ( 2 7 0 ) 4 3 3 - 1 5 2 5 s a w h ite fa c e ”

Sweet T Farm

Pile Stock Farm

Registered Polled Herefords

Pete & Gayla Szak 1040 Hick Hardy Rd. Cynthiana, KY (859) 484-2265

Hansell Pile, Jr. 12045 St. John Rd. Cecilia, KY 42724 270-735-5192•270-862-4462 12 miles West of Elizabethtown

Windy Hills Farm


R egistered P olled H eref ords 8103 B ill Moss Road • W hite H ouse, T N 37188 H ome/ Fax: 615-672-4483 Cell: 615-478-4483 billy@ j ® “F ar m ing t he S am e L an d S inc e 1834”

Registered Polled Herefords Monty G. Hancock 7300 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4118

Thomas Farm

“Cattle for sale at all times”

Wells Farm

MPH Farms

P olled Hereford and Gelb vieh Cattle 3459 KY H wy . 1284 E . Cyt hiana, KY 41031 ( 859) 234-6956 B en, Jane, S helby a nd L incoln Eric & Ronnie Thomas 2396 Union City Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 623-5734 • Eric’s Cell (859) 314-8256

Contact Earlene Thomas for more information: 859-623-5734 www.kentuckyhe

Bulls • Heifers • Show



TS TS Tucker Stock Farms F F

“ Re g i s t e r e d An g u s a n d Po l l e d H e r e f o r d s ”



“Breeding Polled Herefords for over 58 Years” John Tucker “Registered Angus and Polled “Registered AngusHerefords” andIIPolled Herefords” 1790 Hidden Valley Lane Breeding cattle for sale at all times. John A. Tucker II John A. Tucker II Hudson, KY 40145 HiddenHerefords” Valley Lane 1999 Walnut Hill Rd. • Lexington, KY “Registered 40515 1790 Hidden Valley Lane Angus and 1790 Polled 270-617-0301 Hudson, KY 40145 Hudson, KY 40145 (859) 271-9086 • cell (859)533-3790 (270) 257-8548 (270) 257-8548 Offi 257-8167 Office for (270) 257-8167 John A. Tucker IIce (270) “Bulls always Sale”

P opplew ell’ s Herefords

Registered Hereford & Angus Farm

S ervice A g e B u l l s O p en an d B red F emal es F or S al e V in ce , Tracy & A l ex H ome ( 2 7 0 ) 8 6 6 - 4 4 8 0 1 5 2 6 C l earf ork R d . C el l ( 2 7 0 ) 5 6 6 - 1 8 5 2 R u ssel l S p rin g s, K Y 4 2 6 4 2

O AHl d A & F K H a Al m l e Cm b e r r e • Pre o k v e n F b l o a o d r l i m n e s s

1790 Hidden18-month-old Valley 18-month-old AngusLane & Polled Hereford Bulls For Sale Angus & Polled Hereford Bulls For Sale Hudson, KY 40145 (270) 257-8548 Office (270) 257-8167

Polled LINEBRED Hereford Bulls For Sale Pr i v a t e t r e a t y s a l e s • V i s i t o r s 18-month-old a l w a y s w e l c o m e Angus & LINEBRED VICTOR DOMINO CATTLE VICTOR DOMINO CATTLE

1 8 7 4 O l d F a l l C r e e k Ro a d • Mo n t i c e l l o , K Y 4 2 6 3 3

R eed B ertram 6 0 6 - 3 4 8 - 7 4 8 6 D avid B ertram 6 0 6 - 2 7 8 - 3 6 3 0 w w w . of cf arms. co m

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Multi-Trait Multi-Trait Selection Selection Fertility Disposition

Danny Miller

Fertility Calving Ease Calving Ease Disposition Milking Ability Milking Ability 4850 Ridge Rd. 4850 Caldwell RidgeCaldwell Rd. Knifley, KY 42753 Knifley, KY 42753 270-465-6984 270-465-6984

270-465-6984 • 270-566-2694


This is the program for the WOSC hosted by Warren County during August this year. There are two tracks at each field day, one for those who are unfamiliar with Forestry and an advanced track for those who are looking to maximize their benefits from their forests. Cont’d o pg. 2 idea on what the presentations are for the program an example of the Warren County programs is given above. If you are interested in learning more about your woodlands you can visit the webpage for the program ( or call the Department of Forestry Extension office at 859-257-7597. Remember that the wooded areas of your property are not an area that is a lost income source but may be an area that provides several benefits to your operation. I

strongly encourage you to attend a forestry extension event, whether it be the Woodland Owner Short Course or any of the many other extension programs given annually by the Department of Forestry extension team, so you truly can understand the potential of your wooded acreage on your farm. The overall economic impact of one logged acre in Kentucky during 2016. This information comes from the University of Kentucky’s Department of Forestry Extension Team 2016 Kentucky Forestry Economic Contribution Report.

KCF Veterinary Medicine Scholarship Two $2,500 Scholarships are available through the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association and are funded by the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation

Hall of Fame Award Do you know an outstanding cattleman or cattlewoman? The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Hall of Fame is designed to honor a member of the organization that has given time, service, and talent to the betterment of the Cattlemen’s Association at the county and/or state levels.

2018 applications must be postmarked by August 31, 2017. Call Jacob Redway at 859-278-0899 with questions. Application available at

2017 Inductees:

Region 1 - Bobby Shilts Region 2 - Russell Hackley Region 3 - Nancy Kloentrup Region 4 - John Venable Region 5 - Gene Lanham

These scholarships are awarded to third or fourth year Kentucky students currently enrolled in a College of Veterinary Medicine. A strong background in Kentucky’s Cattle Industry as well as intentions to return to Kentucky and pratice food animal medicine is suggested for this scholarship. Application Criteria: • Applicant exhibits academic excellence. • Applicant demonstrates outstanding leadership skills. • Applicant completed a Pre-veterinary Medicine curriculum at a Kentucky University. • Applicant is a current student in an accredited College of Veterinary Medicine. • Applicant has a strong background in Kentucky’s livestock industry. • Applicant intends to pursue a career involving food animal medicine in Kentucky. • Applicant must be entering the third or fourth year of veterinary school. *Students who hold the scholarship during their third year of vet school may reapply for the scholarship for their fourth year of vet school.

Deadline: August 31, 2017 Applications are available from: County Association Presidents, KCA Office, or on the web at

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association





he American Black Herefo Association (ABHA) board has announced Brian T. Chism as the ABHA’s first Executive Director, effective June 15. “We are excited to have Brian to serve as the first Executive Director for the American Black Hereford Association,” said Tim

Tarter, ABHA board president. “He has a unique mix of skills and experiences in the livestock industry that will allow him to provide the leadership and vision needed for ABHA as we establish our first official headquarters in Kentucky.” As executive director Chism will take the lead to help establish the American Black Hereford Association headquarters, oversee and manage the operations of the American Black Hereford Association and serve as the lead liaison between the board and its members. “The beef industry has been a passion of



mine from a young age growing up showing cattle on the family farm,” said Chism. “I am excited to have the opportunity to work with an innovative board that recognizes the potential for the Black Hereford breed and the boards desire to expand the operations of the organization to meet its growing memberships needs.” Chism is a native of Brandenburg, KY and a graduate of Western Kentucky University. He has been active in agriculture all his life, during college he served as the Kentucky FFA State President, worked as an intern for the Kentucky FFA Foundation

and a marketing intern for the Kentucky Department of Agriculture. Chism has been apart of the family beef operation since his childhood. He grew up working on the farm, showing livestock, and now plays an active role in overseeing the cow/calf operation. “Growing up on a farm, I understand the commitment it takes to run a successful operation, there are no days off,” said Chism. “The same level of commitment is needed to run a successful organization, I look forward to helping establish the first headquarters and growing the membership of the American Black Hereford Association.”



– S A T U R D A Y , A U G U S T 2 6 , 2 0 1 7 @ 1 1 : 0 0 A . M . ( E ast ern) 4 - H/ F F A S HOW – T h ursday , A U G U S T 2 4 , 2 0 1 7 W il l iam M cI n tosh, P resid en t (5 0 2 ) 8 6 7 -3 1 3 2 Jo e P il es , V ice P resid en t (5 0 2 ) 5 0 7 -3 8 4 5 P at Til g hman , S ecr etary/ Treasu rer ( 2 7 0 ) 6 7 8 - 5 6 9 5

Clifford Farms 3459 Ky Hwy 1284E Cyn th iana, K Y 41031 Since 1937

Cattle for S ale at all times.

B lack &


G old G elbvi ehs

Gelbvieh, Simmental, & Commerical Cattle

Ra n d y & W a n d a W a d e 8 5 9 -2 3 4 -4 8 0 3 Mi k e , Sh e l l e y & Ro n i n Me y e r 8 5 9 -2 9 8 -9 9 3 1 K e v i n , Sh a n n o n , & K a m b e r F a r r e l l 8 5 9 -5 8 8 -9 1 2 1

Brian W . D ye r D V M

O wner/ Manager


2050 G lasgow Road B urkesvi lle, KY 42717 B rian, L auren, Kristen B arry , E mily & Julia

F ull C irc le F arm s

R eg ist ered G elb v ieh C at t le B rad B u rke 9 8 9 M etca l f M il l R d . • E w in g , K Y 4 1 0 3 9 (H ) 6 0 6 -2 6 7 -5 6 0 9 • (C ) 6 0 6 -7 8 2 -1 3 6 7 g b b 7 8 9 @ w in d stream. n et

Pleasant Meadows Farm

Meeting modern industry demands: • Added Fertility • Increased Efficiency • More pounds of calf weaned American Gelbvieh Association 303-465-2333 | 48

Gary & Pat Tilghman Lindsey Tilghman Jones Family Carrie & Daryl Derossett Family 690 Lick Branch Road Glasgow, KY 42141 270.678.5695 Ÿ

K il b ou rn e Gel b vieh E ast B ern stad t, K Y 6 0 6 -8 4 3 -6 5 8 3 ce l l 6 0 6 - 3 0 9 - 4 6 6 2

Bl a c k Re p l a c e m e n t H e i f e r s & Bu l l s Av a i l b l e Em b r y o t r a n s p l a n t & AI s i r e d c a l v e s

Mockingbird Hill Farms

L arry C lark &

B ar I V L ivestock

Ba r r y , Be t h & Be n Ra c k e • Br a d Ra c k e 7 4 1 6 Ti p p e n h a u e r Rd . • C o l d Sp r i n g , K Y 4 1 0 7 6 Ph o n e ( 8 5 9 ) 6 3 5 - 3 8 3 2 • Ba r r y c e l l ( 8 5 9 ) 9 9 1 - 1 9 9 2 Br a d c e l l ( 8 5 9 ) 3 9 3 - 3 6 7 7 • Be n c e l l ( 8 5 9 ) 3 9 3 - 3 7 3 0 F a x (8 5 9 ) 6 3 5 -3 8 3 2 •b a r4 @ tw c .c o m

Bee Lick Gelbviehs

Eddie Reynolds 277 Old Bee Lick Rd. Crab Orchard, KY 40419 606-379-2281(H) 606-305-1972(C) Bulls & Females for sale

Sons L L C

Registered Gelb vieh Cattle Registered Gelbvieh Cattle 1153 Robert L andis Road-G reensburg, KY 42743 Shane Wells 10172 Provo Rd. Rochester, KY La r r y C l a r k , O w n e r & O p e r a t o r H: 270-934-2198 C: 270-791-8196 (2 7 0 ) 2 9 9 -5 1 6 7 (2 7 0 ) 3 3 7 -2 8 0 1 Lp c l a r k a n d s o n s @ m s n . c o m

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

A ngus - T he Business Breed K E N T U C K Y A N G U S A SO 2016- 2017 K Y Angus Ass c Officers

KY Angus Association Membership Application Name:____________________________________________ Farm Name:_______________________________________ Address:__________________________________________ City:__________________State:_______ Zip:___________ Phone: Bus-_______________________________________ Res-_____________________________________________ Email:___________________________________________

Return to: Anne DeMott 1220 Angus Trail • Lexington, KY 40509 Annual Dues $35

Contact Anne DeMott to pay for your Kentucky Angus Association dues! 1 • BOYD BEEF CATTLE 6077 Helena Rd. Mayslick, KY 41055 Charlie Boyd II: 606-584-5194 • Blake Boyd: 606-375-3718 • email:

2 • BRANCH VIEW ANGUS 927 Old Liberty Pike • Hustonville, KY 40437 859/238-0771 • James S. & LuAnn Coffey Donald & Donna Coffey Evelyn Hoskins Annual Production Sale- 2nd Saturday in April

3 • BURKS CATTLE CO. 531 Rick Rd. Park City, KY 42160 Eddie Burks • 270-991-6398


4 • BURTON & SONS ANGUS Joe D. or Karen Burton Ÿ Bryan Carman, Partner, Ridgeview Angus 480 Hominy Hill Rd. Nancy, KY 42544 Joe: 606-305-3081 Ÿ Bryan: 606-875-3453

res e T im Jeffries Ÿ Camner, KY res e G il Ray C owles Ÿ Rockfield, KY ec res A nne D eMott Ÿ L exi ngton, KY 7 • COFFEY ANGUS FARMS 661 Hopewell Road Liberty, KY 42539 Matt Coffey - (270) 799-6288 Dewey Coffey - (606) 787-2620 Genetics for Maximum Profitability since 1984 8 • D&D LONGVIEW ANGUS Danny & Debbie Burris 550 Willie Nell Road Columbia, KY 42728 270-348-5766 • 270-250-3701 • 270-250-1277

17 • MUD RIVER ANGUS 10 Oak Hill Drive Russellville, KY 42276 Wayne Johnson 270/303-6354 Gary Johnson 270/498/7208

9 • EAGLE REST PLANTATION Jimmy Don Robinson 7665 Paducah Road Kevil, KY 42053 270-462-2150



10 • FALL CREEK ANGUS 448 Corder Farm Road Monticello, KY 42633 Ronnie Corder 606/348-6588 11 • HAINES ANGUS FARMS 5294 Park City- Glasgow Rd. Park City, KY 42160 Kenneth Haines, Jr. 270/749-8862

6 • CLAIREBROOK FARMS, LLC PO Box 192, Carlisle, KY 40311 Paul B. Mulhollem, 217/621-3123 Chad Daugherty, 217/369-0466 Watch for our consignments in upcoming KY sales!

19 • OLD BARK FARM 370 Ferrill Hill, Buffalo, KY 42716 Kenley Conner 270/358-8057 Registered Angus Cattle

Ri c h a 1 2 4 0 H o m e r s ta llo

rd a Do g - (2 n s @

n d Gl e n d a St a l l o n s w o o d K e l l y Ro a d H o p k i n s v i l l e , K e n t u c k y 4 2 2 4 0 7 0 ) 8 8 5 - 4 3 5 2 C e ll- ( 2 7 0 ) 8 3 9 - 2 4 4 2 b e lls o u th .n e t

22 • ANNE PATTON SCHUBERT 4040 Taylorsville Rd • Taylorsville, KY 40071 Phone: (502) 477-2663 • Fax: (502) 477-2637 Gordon Schubert, Cowboy

13 • HIGHVIEW FARMS 827 West Main Street Campbellsville, Kentucky 42718 Ben T. Cox DVM 270-469-5517 Registered Angus Cattle

23 • SHAW FAMILY ANGUS Jim & Cathy Shaw 935 Miller Road • Hodgenville, KY 42748 Cell: 270-769-8260 Quality Registered Angus Cattle since 1975


W i l l i a m N. O f f u t t IV 3 7 9 0 Pa r i s Ro a d Ge o r g e t o w n , K Y 4 0 3 2 4 Ph o n e : ( 8 5 9 ) 5 3 3 - 2 0 2 0 Em a i l : m i l l e r s r u n f a r m @ a o l . c o m W e b s ite : w w w .m ille r s r u n fa r m .c o m Heifers for sale


20 • PLEASANT HILL FARMS Gil, Mary, Corbin, Caroline, and Catherine Cowles 500 Rockfield Richpond Road Rockfield, KY 42274 270/843-9021 • Fax 270/843-9005 Located 7 miles west of Bowling Green, 1/2 mile off Hwy 68/80 21 • RAGS ANGUS FARM

12 • HERITAGE FARM Tom McGinnis 1024 Hinkle Lane • Shelbyville, KY 502-633-1634, home • 502-633-5100, work 502-655-0164, cell

14 • HILL VIEW FARMS Jimmy Gilles 5160 Lee Rudy Road Owensboro, KY 42301 Located 15 mi. W of Somerset 270/686-8876 Bulls & females sold private treaty. Inquiries Welcome. Sell only what we would buy. 270/929-5370 5 • CARDINAL HILL FARMS 15 • JOHNSON FARMS ANGUS 405 Cedar Grove Rd. • Glasgow, KY 42141 Angus Bulls & Females Mike Elmore: (270) 404-6589 Slaughters, KY Bob Johnson: ( 270 ) 427-1410 Keith: 270-635-0723 www. Reese: 270-635-1137

4 K

18 • FOUR KINGS ANGUS 250 Bright Leaf Dr. • Harrodsburg, KY 40330 Cary & Kim King Email: Cary Cell - 859-613-3734 • Colby Myers - Purebred Manager



24 • SMITHLAND ANGUS FARM 5202 East Hwy 80, Russell Springs, KY 42642

Charles “Bud” & Pam Smith 270/866-3898 Henry & Melissa Smith 270/866-2311 25 • ST. CLAIR FARMS REGISTERED ANGUS Eric & Sherry St. Clair 13433 Falls of Rough Road • Falls of Rough, KY 40119 (H) 270-257-2965 (C) 270-617-1079 Performance Tested Bull & Female Sale April2016

26 • TWIN CREEK FARM Shawn, Melissa, Devin & Dylan Gibson 270/337-3072 or 270/692-5304 Dennis & Emily 270/337-2128 or 270/402-4338 Watch for us in Branch View Production Sale in April

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


F or M ore I nform at ion: Commercial cattlemen trust registered seedstock breeders to make documented genetic improvements that provide them the opportunity to succeed.

In the pasture

From 2004-2014, the 2015 AICA National Cattle Evaluation Genetic Trend illustrates Charolais seedstock breeders are doing their job!

Lower birth weight ■ MORE LIVE CALVES Increased weaning weight ■ MORE POUNDS AT WEANING

The trend shows dramatic improvements in every trait of economic importance.

In the feedlot

2004-2014 NCE Charolais Genetic Trends BW





REA Marb

2004 0.8 19.1 33.7 1.6 11.4 .18 .01 2014 0.4 26.8 49.0 3.4 16.9 .32 .04

More pounds. More profits. Charolais keep it real. © American-International Charolais Association 2016


Higher yearling weight ■ MORE POUNDS, EFFICIENTLY

At harvest

Increased carcass weight ■ MORE POUNDS AT HARVEST Larger ribeye ■ BETTER YIELD GRADES More marbling ■ HIGHER QUALITY GRADES

■ Southeast Field Representative ■ Floyd Wampler (423) 612-2144

kins Ad Farms

6.5x3.75 bw-Cow Country News.indd 1

EVENTS: 12/2/15 7:30 AM

TJ Ad k i n s : 6 0 6 - 8 7 5 - 5 0 9 4 Sh e r m a n & Ph y l l i s Ad k i n s : 6 0 6 - 3 7 9 - 5 1 2 9

ul 8

01 •

2 7 9 Bu l l o c k Rd . Eu b a n k , K Y 4 2 5 6 7 Ad k i n s F a r m s @ h o t m a i l . c o m

M ont g om ery C h arolais

arolais S a e S ow ran lin oun airgrounds L u n c h at N oon S ow a oon


Darby Montgomery 36 Thompson Road • Lancaster, KY 40444 859-339-3922 BULLS FOR SALE

606-271-0582 473 Edward Meece Road Science Hill, KY 42553

Amb urgey C h arolais Farm

jeffries charolais

P olled B reeding S ince 1966 Robert A mburgey , Jr. 3171 Camargo Rd. • Mt. S terling, KY 40353 859-498-2764 ( H ome) 859-404-3751 ( Mobile)

Cox Charolais

1194 Smith Ridge Road • Campbellsville, KY 42718 270-465-7584 (H) 270-403-4562 Bulls & Select Heifers for Sale

Harrod F arm s T HE N E X T G E N E RAT I O N

B ecca , Je n n a an d a J ke 645 vergreen Rd. ran or , KY 40601 Je f f H arrod : 5 0 2 - 3 3 0 - 6 7 4 5 C harol ais, H eref ord & C ommerci al C attl e


K ent uc k y C h arolais A ssoc iat ion C hu ck D ru in 2 2 9 1 D ran e L an e E min en ce , K Y 4 0 0 1 9 5 0 2 - 3 2 1 - 1 1 6 0 or 5 0 2 - 3 2 1 - 5 9 1 9 Je f f H arrod : 5 0 2 - 3 3 0 - 6 7 4 5 Ja co b M il l er: 5 0 2 - 5 0 7 - 4 9 8 7


David, Rhonda, Michael & Nicholas 3200 St. Rose Road Lebannon, KY 40033 270-692-7793

H ayde n Farm loo field Rd B ardstown, KY 40004 James H ayde n

paul r. jeffries 606-510-4537

1590 jeffries lane

hustonville, ky. 40437 chris cooper 606-669-9009 chris jeffries 606-669-2426

iJ mmy & L inda E vans 960 Vallandingham Road D ry R idge, KY 41035 859-428-2740

Allison Charolais John Allison

545 Eminence Road New Castle, KY 40050

502-845-2806 502-220-3170

Bulls & Heifers For Sale at the Farm

o e fice o le 502-349-0128 502-349-0005 502-507-4984 j hayde n@hayde

C a n d y Su l l i v a n 3 4 4 0 Ru d d l e s Mi l l Ro a d Pa r i s , K Y 4 0 3 6 1

8 5 9 -3 3 8 -0 1 7 0

Su l l i v a n C h a r o l a i s

Quality Charolais Cattle in the Heart of the Bluegrass

F loy d’ s C h arolais

2 0 3 9 N in a R id g e R oad L an ca ster, K Y 4 0 4 4 4 H ome: 8 5 9 - 7 9 2 - 2 9 5 6 • C el l : 8 5 9 - 3 3 9 - 2 6 5 3 o d @winds

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Reducing Shipping Fever in Beef Calves Shipping Fever, or Bovine Respiratory Disease, is the major health problem encountered by beef calves upon arrival at cattle feeding operations. There are many ----------------management practices, in addition University of Kentucky to vaccinations, that can aid in Extension Beef Specialist reducing the occurrence of shipping fever. These efforts generally focus on (1) increasing disease resistance of entucky is a major feeder calf calves and (2) lowering or spreading out producing state but our calves the disease challenge. Resistance can be are generally shipped to other increased by providing good nutrition, parts of the country where they are immunity (including vaccinations), “finished”. Feedlots are generally disposition and maintaining good about a 1,000 miles from our farms overall health. The disease challenge and calves are sometimes “weaned” on can be several of the following factors: trucks and might even be commingled weaning, castration, dehorning, feed and from several sources. These procedures water deprivation, inclement weather, may represent stress, exposure to disease infectious agents, transportation, pathogens and, consequently, economic dehydration and parasitism. Management practices which can losses to the beef industry and our cattle minimize sickness can be considered producers.

Dr. Roy Burris


according to their timing in the production cycle of feedlot cattle – preshipment, during shipment and postshipment (receiving). Pre-shipment practices. Calves should get a good start in life. Intake of colostrum at birth can help get calves off to a good start and provide them with immunity. Preconditioning is a practices that gets feeder calves ready for shipment to feedlots. Preconditioned generally refers to calves that are preweaned (45 days), vaccinated and boostered, trained to eat feed and drink from a trough, treated for internal and external parasites, dehorned and castrated (healed). During shipment. Calves that may have been recently weaned are commingled with other calves (and potential pathogens) and may undergo crowding along with feed and water deprivation. Transportation stress manifests itself in the form of shrink



















































































COWS wts.




























Feeder cattle ranged from $2 to $10 lower for the week. Calves ranged from steady to $10 lower. Market cows were steady to $1 higher. -Troy Applehans

(weight loss) and sickness. Weight loss is in the form of “gut” fill and tissue fluid loss and must be regained before the cattle begin to make production gain (return to payweight). The time that cattle are in transit has the greatest effect on shrink and should be minimized. Rumen function is also reduced as much as 75% during feed and water deprivation. Post-shipment (receiving). When cattle are “received” at the feedlot after hauling, they should consume feed and water as soon as possible – even before processing. Feed intake of stressed calves will not be normal upon arrival. Thus, they should receive an energy dense diet that contains about 16% crude protein. Potassium level in the receiving diet should also be increased to 1.2 to 1.4%. Calves have generally been receiving forage diets and can best be started on low-starch feeds and leafy, clean hay. Bunk space should be adequate and waterers should be kept clean. Shipping fever results in major losses to the beef feeding industry. Vaccinations and management practices can, if used properly, decrease those losses. Immunity is needed before disease challenges occur and disease challenges should be minimized and spread out. Researchers from the U.K. Department of Animal and Food Sciences (Matthews, Burris and Bridges) are working on increasing immunity of calves before shipping by improving their trace mineral nutrition. A study was recently conducted and data is now being analyzed to determine if we could improve the immune status of calves which were removed immediately from the pasture, and their dams, and shipped for 18 hours (around 900 miles) on a semi-trailer. Calves were not commingled with other calves or offloaded at different locations. They were brought back to their original location so that we could measure the effects Cont’d on pg.

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




July 10-16 Lexington Burger Week July 17-23 Cincinnati Burger Week July 24-30 Louisville Burger Week August 31 Midwest Beef Summit, Owensboro Convention Center, See ad on pg. 17 August 31 KCA Hall of Fame Awards Due, See ad on pg. 47 September 7 CPC Fall Field Day, See ad on back cover September 10-15 FACTS Tour, California


September 9 CKAA Ladies Day Sale, Danville, KY

September 22 Blue Lake Cattle Ranch Angus Sale, Carlisle, KY October 21 Whitestone Farm Sale, Aldie, VA October 21-22 Circle A Angus Ranch Phase 2 Spring Herd Dispersion, Iberia, MO October 30 Stone Gate Farms Annual Fall Sale, Flemingsburg, KY, See ad on pg. 9 November 12 CKAA Fall Sale, Danville, KY


October 28 Yon Family Farms Fall Sale, Ridge Spring, SC


August 26 Kentucky Gelbvieh & Balancer Show, KY State Fair, See ad on pg.48

Santa Gertrudis


July 15-21 Showin’ For the Roses, Louisville, KY, See ad on pg. 46



September 2 Tme to Shine Limousin Sale, London, KY

September 16 Family Matters Simmental Production Sale, Augburn , KY October 7 Belles of the Bluegrass Simmental Sale, Mt. Sterling, KY


July 8 Charolais State Show, Franklin County Fairgrounds, See ad on pg. 50 October 7 Spirit of the Bluegrass Sale, Blue Grass Stockyards, Lexington, KY

July 14-15 Kentucky National Show and Sale, Western Kentucky University Expo Center, See ad on pg. 32

August 11 Fall Roundup Sale & BBQ, Blue Grass Stockyards, Lexington, KY, See ad on pg. 45 September 16 East KY Replacement Bred Heifer Sale, Lee City Stockyards, See ad on pg. 4

AD INDEX B & L Farm Cattle Company Bayer Animal Health Blue Grass Stockyards Burkmann Feeds Byron Seeds CPC Commodities Cargill Central Farm Supply CowCo East KY Replacement Heifer Sale FPL Food, LLC Green River Fence Hayes Trailer Sales

9 13 53 24 27 56 5 11 7 4 25 35 24

John Deere 2 Kentucky Angus 49 Kentucky Charolais Association 50 Kentucky Gelbvieh Association 48 Kentucky Hereford Association 46 Kentucky National Sale 32 Kentucky Salers Association 51 Kentucky Santa Gertrudis Assn. 31 Kentucky Simmental Association 44 Kuhn North America 15 Limestone Farm 10 McBurneys Livestock & Equipment 29 Neat Steel 4

Oak Hollow Priefert Quality Cover Buildings Santa Gertrudis Breeders International Shady Bottom Ranch Silver Stream Shelters Stoll Trailers Stone Gate Farms Tru Test Walters Buildings Wm. E Fagaly & Son

7 23 7 33 41 17 21 9 3 8 8


The Balanced Breed S T RI N G E R FA RMS B ruce S tringer 128 T eresa A ve nue Ÿ S omerset, KY 42501 606-875-3553 52

D I A MO N D J S A L E RS D onald Johnson 11660 N . H wy 1247 • E ubank, KY 42564 606-379-1558

W I L L I S FA RMS • D anny W illis 964 Johnson Rd • Frankfort, KY 40601 502-803-5011 • Matt Craig, Farm Mgr. 502-604-0821

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cow Country Classifieds To place a Classified call 8 59 / 27 8 -08 9 9

Lost Bridge Cattle Company


L iv estock H aulin g Indiana Kentucky Ohio Tennessee 513-678-1042 Ryan Gries

PERFORMANCE TESTED PUREBRED ANGUS BULLS FOR SALE Call 270/202-7186 for more info or check out for current availability. ANGUS BULLS FOR LEASE Low birthweight Registered Angus & Charolais bulls for lease. Starting at $350. McCrory Farms, Benton, KY 270-527-3767 FOR SALE 19-20 month old Polled Hereford bulls. Good selection. Low birthweight, medium frame. JMS Polled Herefords, Knifley, KY Danny 270-566-2694 Trent 270-566-2000 FOUNDATION SALE III October 7, 2017, 1 PM CST United Producers, Bowling Green, KY Selling FULLBLOOD & PUREBRED LIMOUSIN Genetics For info call : A C H Holdings, LLC Stephen Haynes 270-799-8685 Charolais Bulls for Sale



Jeff, Michelle Nolan Pettit 5745 US HWY 41 SOUTH, SEBREE, KY 42455 270-836-2963 • JP@DIAMONDPCATTLE.COM


REGISTERED GELBVIEH BULLS 9 registered Gelbvieh bulls. Passed BSE. Ready for service. Yearling to 20 months old. Calving ease, low birth weight, docile bulls. Starting price at $2,000. Trent Jones 270-590-5266 STOLTZFUS SPREADERS Lime/Chicken Litter/Fertilizer Leo TMR Mixers- Manure Spreaders 20 ft Woods 3240 Batwing-$9,999 John Deere 6200/canopy/loader/ 2WD - $19,999 Call Charlie @ 859-608-9745 LIMOUSIN, ANGUS & LIM-FLEX BULLS & FEMALES FOR SALE HB Farms Midway, KY Greg Blaydes (859) 338-9402 James Hicks (859)227-0490 RED ANGUS FOR SALE Bulls: Yearlings and 2-year-olds, Open and Bred Heifers Contact: Johnnie Cundiff 606-3056443 or 606-871-7438 SIMMENTAL BULLS FOR SALE

Call Jacob Redway today to advertise to over 10,000 cattle producers in Kentucky. Call us at 859-278-0899.

12-18 months old Lundy Farms, 502-727-6898


Call Jacob Redway today to advertise to over 20,000 cattle producers in Kentucky for the month of August. The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association offers print and digital options. Call us at 859-278-0899.

Registered black Simmental bulls. Excellent EPD’s. Semen Tested. Delivery Available. Maximize your profit with proven performance. Adam Wheatley 502-349-2665

$1 5 for 4 lines and $5 for each additional line


100 used cattle waters available. 15 Used Feed Bins with Augers from 4–15 Tons. Used Cattle Handling Facilities, 3 Available. Guard Rail.

Call 513-678-1042 FALL 2015 BULLS FOR SALE

Registered Gelbvieh/Angus Balancer bulls. Homo black and black. Breeding Soundness Evaluation. BVD tested, Semen and Trich tested. Calving ease EPDs. Also fall bred females. Huntingburg, IN J&D Kerstiens 812-482-2688 or Duane Cassidy at 812-661-8005

ADVERTISE TO OVER 20,000 BEEF PRODUCERS IN AUGUST Call Jacob Redway today to advertise to over 20,000 cattle producers in Kentucky. The August issue is one of our bonus issues that we use to help with membership. Reach an additional 10,000 members in this issue at regular rates. The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association offers print and digital options. Call us at 859-278-0899.


Selling yearlings and 2-year-olds. Calving-ease. Docile. Ready to service. 606-875-7419


Cost-share eligible bulls. 17-24 months old. 9-12 month old heifers. Call George Horton at 606-348-7334

S ee y our ad h ere and reach over 10,000 cattlemen each month . Ads as low as $ 15 per month .

F or ad placement contact J acob R edw ay at 8 5 9 - 278 - 08 9 9 .

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



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•Sell heavier grazing cattle before rate of gain decreases or they get into a heavyweight category. This will also relieve grazing pressure as pasture growth diminishes. They can be replaced with lightweight calves after pastures recover. •Lighter cattle which are kept on pasture need to be rotated to grass-legume or warm-season grass pastures to maintain a desirable level of performance. Re-implant these calves and deworm with a product that is effective against inhibited ostertagia.

of transit stress on “green” calves which had received different forms of selenium since conception. We are looking at performance, morbidity, mortality, return-to-payweight”, etc. along with blood parameters which are indicative of stress and immunity. More results later from this exciting research. The following pictures were made during the trial.

Timely Tips for July Spring-Calving Cow Herd

•Watch for pinkeye and treat if necessary. Minimize problems by clipping pastures, controlling face flies and providing shade. Monitor the bulls’ activity and physical condition as the breeding season winds down. •Remove bulls from the cow herd by the end of the month and keep them away from the cows. A short calving season can concentrate labor during the calving season; group calves by age so that it is easier to find a convenient time to vaccinate, castrate, dehorn, etc.; and provide a more uniform group of calves at market time. •Mid-July (when the bulls are being removed) is a good time to deworm cattle, use a product that is effective against inhibited ostertagia. Re-implant calves which were implanted at birth 54

General if the type of implant and amount of time indicate. Calves which haven’t been vaccinated for blackleg should be. Spraying or using a pour-on for flies while cattle are gathered can supplement other fly control methods. Remember to work cattle early in the morning when it is cool and handle them gently to minimize stress. •Fescue pastures tend to go dormant in July and August, so look for alternatives like warm season grasses during this period of time. Try to keep the young calves gaining weight. Go to pastures which have been cut for hay to have higher quality re-growth when it is available. •Consider cutting warm season grass pastures for hay, if reserves have not been restored yet.

Fall-Calving Cow Herd

•Get ready for fall calving and plan to have good pasture available at calving and through the breeding season. •De-worm cows in mid-July with a product that is effective against inhibited ostertagia. •Fall-calving cows should be dry and pregnant now. Their nutrient needs are minimal and they can be maintained on poor pasture to avoid over fattening. Keep a good free-choice mineral mix available at all times. You can use a lower phosphorus mineral supplement now, if you want to save a little money. These cows are regaining body condition after a long winter feeding period.

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

•Maintain a weed control program in permanent pastures and continue to “spotspray” thistle, honey locust, etc. •Check pastures for downed wild cherry trees after storms (wilted wild cherry leaves are toxic to cattle). •Be sure that clean water is always available, especially in hot weather. Make routine checks of the water supply. Cattle need 13 to 20 gallons of clean water in hot weather. Cattle should have access to shade. •Start soil testing pastures to determine fertilization needs for this fall. •Have forage analyses conducted on spring-cut hay and have large, round bales covered. Begin planning the winter feeding program now. Most of the hay was cut late due to a wet spring but a dry period permitted it to be put up without getting it rained on – so overall not a bad haying season – just cut late.


State and National Beef Promotion and Research Programs Information is required by 7 CRF 1260.201. Failure to report can result in a fine. Information is held confidential per 7 CRF 1260.203.

Today’s Date


Seller’s Name

B uyer’s Name





Z ip

N umber ( if known) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _


Seller’s Signature


Z ip

B uyer’s Signature

Both the seller & the buyer are responsible for making sure that the $1 per head assessment is collected and remitted to the Kentucky Beef Council.

D ate of Sale

*State of O rigin

Total N umber of Cattle Sold: X

Person remitting form:


$1 .00 per H ead Federal Checkoff $1 .00 per H ead State Checkoff B uyer

Total Checkoff Payment for Federal and State = =

Phone N umber:

*If the cattle purchased came from another state within the last 30 days, indicate from which state the cattle were purchased.

Send R eport and R emittance to:

For additional information: call



Kentucky Beef Council 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503 email

According to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, an agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a valid OMB control number. The valid OMB control number for this information collection is 0581-0093. The time required to complete this information collection is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or part of an individual's income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA's TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD). To file a complaint of discrimination, write to USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410 or call (800) 795-3272 (voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

Cow Country News, July 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News - July 2017  

The Cow Country News is a monthly publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Highlighting the latest cattle news, sale information...

Cow Country News - July 2017  

The Cow Country News is a monthly publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Highlighting the latest cattle news, sale information...