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Cow CountryNews Cattlemen’s Association

November 2013

Issue Highlights USDA Reports Corn and Soybean Stocks Down - pg. 18 Cowherd Nutrition: A Long Term Investment- pg. 46 KCA Convention Set for January 16-18 - pg. 48-49 KJCA Fall Classic Results - pg. 58 Cattle feeding package to be awarded to one lucky member! - pg. 67

Ky Cattlemen’s Assoc. 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503



COMPLETE DISPERSAL Cattle and Equipment

Noon • Saturday

November 30, 2013 Held at the Central KY Angus Pavilion • Danville, KY

More Than 300 Head Sell Donors • Proven Females both Spring and Fall Calving • Bred Heifers • Open Replacements • Breeding-age Bulls • Herd Bulls • Semen Inventory • Embryo Inventory



CED BW WW YW MILK $W $B +9 +1.8 +52 +96 +23 +27.43 +72.11 A tremendous set of donor quality females will be selling including this impressive SS Objective T510 OT26 daughter produced from the past Anderson Circle Farm donor, Bricton Rita 1224. Many more like her will be selling – blending EPDs and phenotype! This powerful daughter of SAV 8180 Traveler 004 from the great SAV Emblynette family sells! Her dam is the WYV]LU7H[OÄUKLY® Dam, SAV Emblynette 0429 and is a direct daughter of the MHTV\Z7H[OÄUKLY® Dam, SAV Emblynette 7319.

TC ABERDEEN ACE 966 CED BW WW YW MILK $W $B +10 +1.2+56 +106 +33+30.20+68.18 His progeny and service will sell!


EPDs as of 10/01/2013

This Hammerhead donor who is the dam of the ABS Global ZPYL(96\[Ä[[LYZLSSZ along with embryos. She has a phenomenal progeny record of BR 3@98, WR 4@111, YR 3@111, %IMF 5@103 and UREA 5@101.


Sale Managed By: Rance Long 918-510-3464 cell

CED BW WW YW MILK $W $B +7 +.8 +60 +109 +27+38.69+86.43

Many of the females selling will carry his service and he sells!

21AR SARA E802

REQUEST A SALE BOOK TODAY! Campbellsville, Kentucky Dr. John R. Smoot, Owner Cody Rucker (270) 472-1241

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association






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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Paris Stockyards 859-987-1977

“Farmers doing business with farmers.” November 4th 6:00PM BCLIA Elite Heifer Sale November 22nd 6:00PM Cow Sale November 26th Special Sheep Sale December 6th 6:00PM Cow Sale December 10th 6:00PM CPH Sale December 17th Special Sheep Sale Selling every Thursday at 9 AM Receiving cattle all day Wednesday Call for more information Craig Taylor - 859-771-0146 y Sara Evans - 859-987-9945

Quality Registered

Angus Bulls Bulls Qualify for Cost Share Cows & Heifers Now Available For Sale

Dennis Craig i & Randy R d SSparks, k Owners O • 859-621-4182 859 Sammy Ayres, Manager • 859-983-9488

2661 Clintonville Road Winchester, KY 40391 4

TABLE OF CONTENTS KJCA Fall Classic Results pg. 58-65 COLUMNISTS 7 Don Reynolds, On the Road Traveling 8 James Comer, Biosecurity is Important On and Off the Farm 10 Dave Maples, Lots of Irons in the Fire 12 Baxter Black, Winch Up 22 Garry Lacefield, Hay: What a Difference a Year Makes 36 Melissa Hart, Center of the Dairy Universe 78 Roy Burris, When the Frost is on the Punkin FEATURE STORIES 18 USDA Reports Corn and Soybean Stocks Down 17 Percent from 2012 20 Congressional Report Touts Importance of Agriculture Exports 24 Kentucky’s Retail Food Prices Jump 5.7 Percent in Third Quarter 26 Beef Checkoff Sets FY2014 Plan of Work 32 BVD Virus Wears Many Disguises 34 Environmental Concerns with Grazing 38 Five Basic Principles Increase Soil Health 40 Manure Scoring Determines Supplementation Needs 42 UK to Host Early Bird Meetings 44 Hoops for Hay 46 Cowherd Nutrition: A Long Term Investment 47 NCBA Kicks Off 2013 Fall Membership Drive 48-49 KCA Convention 50 Brassicas: Be Aware of the Animal Health Risks 14 15 16-17 28-30 54-57 62-63 66 68-69 70-72 75 76 77

National News State News County News Economic & Policy Update Young Producer’s Council Kentucky Junior Cattlemen’s Association Membership Kentucky Beef Network Kentucky Beef Council News Releases Calendar of Events Classified Section: - Classified ads - Advertisers Index

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Birth to weaning, you could put up to

$40 per cow back in your pocket.

All you need to do is

connect D ATA






Find out more about how you can unlock more profit. Contact:

Mark Wellman, 816-344-5745 6010 Stockyards Expressway St. Joseph, Missouri 64504-0428 800-821-3070,

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 2013 Leadership KCA Regional Directors: REGION 1

REGION 3 continued

*Steve Dunning, Vice President, 270-498-8180 Bobby Shilts, 270-547-6470 Daniel Hayden, 270-570-2815 Richard Russellburg, 502-233-4285 Jeff Pettit, 270-884-5305 George Whitson, 270-725-5906 Lonnie Epley, 270-726-0844 Chris Milam, 270-726-1803 Lanny Boyd, 270-889-9682 Bob Tucker, 270-797-8263





Don Reynolds 1405 Jonesville Mill Rd., Magnolia, KY 42757 (270) 528-5239

Billy Glenn Turpin 1282 Miller Drive Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 623-7219

David Lemaster 1859 Irvine Road Winchester, KY 40391 (859) 749-0258




Steve Downs 830 Arthur Mattingly Rd Lebanon, KY 40033 (270) 865-2611

Mike Bach 1787 Wyoming Road, Owingsville, KY 40360 (606) 674-2953

Chuck Crutcher 4364 Berrytown Rd Rineyville, KY 40162 (270) 877-0239



Gary Woodall 619 McReynolds Rd. Quality, KY 42256 270-725-0819

Bobby Foree 2440 Eminence Road, Eminence, KY 40019 (502) 845-4947

*Ryan Miller, Vice President, 859-779-5461 Jerry Gaddie, 270-325-3703 Dr. Kenneth Green, 270-879-0229 Bobby Druen, 270-432-5969 Andy Bishop, 502-275-6177 Wayne Pedigo, 270-670-9238 Laura Cooper-Green, 270-230-3463 Mike Elmore, 270-678-2494 Marty Lile, 270-202-3282 Eddie Jessie, 270-565-4371 Marion Crutcher, 270-877-5709 Tony Reynolds, 270-528-6142 Mitchel Logsdon, 270-524-0266 Kelly Flanders, 270-528-6272

REGION 3 *Bobby Foree, Vice President, 502-845-4947 John Ellegood, 502-532-7573

Corinne Kephart , 502-220-1748 Kevin Perkins, 502-269-7189 Paul Redmon, 859-749-7788 Chris Browning, 502-268-9181 Joe Lipps, 502-747-0792 Rondal Dawson, 502-829-5489 James Lyons, 859-361-1222

REGION 4 *Tim White, Vice President, 859-223-0326 Scott Turpin, 859-314-4615 Mike Stokley, 859-771-9195 Chris Cooper, 859-625-0090 Harold Rice, 606-652-4605 John Tudor, 859-624-3834 Clay Wills, 859-749-8248 Ron Ray, 859-858-4326 Jason Rose, 606-738-9756

REGION 5 *Dave Rings, Vice President, 270-866-5535 Tim Shepherd, 859-265-7804 Mike Spalding, 270-699-6587 Don Minton, 606-423-2675 Larry Clay, 606-438-9914 Bonnie Rings, 270-585-3500 Joe Goggin, 859-238-9437 Adam Chunglo, 859-613-2985 Phillip Reese, 606-787-1629 Cary King, 859-734-2173 * Denotes member of Executive committee


Volume 27 Issue 11


KCA’s Past Presidents: 1972-73 1974-77 1978-79 1980-82 1983-85 1986-87 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997


Jere Caldwell - Boyle Smith T. Powell* - Lincoln Larry Lovell - Union John Masters* - Mason Seldon Hail - Laurel Bob Vickery - Wayne Glenn Mackie - Bourbon Dale Lovell - Muhlenberg Steve Henshaw - Union Jerry Fraim - Grayson Glen Massengale* - Wayne Dell King - Christian Kenneth Lowe - Warren Dr. J.L.Cole - Monroe Harvey Mitchell - Mercer Jim Naive - Spencer

1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Shelby Hughes - Logan Hoppy Lovell - Barren Charles Miller - Jessamine Larry Clay - Perry Jack Kimbrough - Shelby Mark Williams - Crittenden Paul Napier - Lincoln Eddie Young - Washington Greg Ritter* - Barren Don Pemberton - Christian Billy Glenn Turpin - Madison Scotty Parsons - Christian Corinne Kephart - Shelby Greg Robey - Mercer Mike Bach - Bath


The publisher reserves the right to refuse publication of any material which he feels is unsuitable for the publication. Although the highest journalistic ethics will be maintained, the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association limits its responsibilities for any errors, inaccuracies or misprints in advertising or editorial copy. Advertisers and advertising agencies assume liability for all content of advertisements printed, and also assume responsibility for any claims arising from such advertisements made against the publisher.


176 Pasadena Drive,Lexington, KY 40503 Phone 859/278-0899 Fax 859/260-2060 Web Site: or E-Mail:

Executive Vice President Dave Maples Staff Accountant Kelly Tucker Director of Kentucky Beef Network Becky Thompson KBN Program Coordinator Brandy Graves KBN Industry Coordinator Dan Miller KBC Director of Marketing Alison Smith

KBC Director of Consumer Affairs Caitlin Swartz Membership Coordinator Nikki Whitaker Communication Manager Leanna Jackson Publication Coordinator Carey Brown National Advertising Sales Livestock Advertising Network,

Debby Nichols, 859/321-8770

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


On the Road Traveling Don Reynolds


Kentucky Cattlemen's Association President


his past month I attended the Warren County Cattlemen’s Field Day at Bowling Green, Kentucky. They have a great county association that is very active in their community and they are doing a wonderful job retaining members. I have worked with their current president, Casey Shaff, for a long time and want to congratulate him on the work he and his members are doing to promote and support cattlemen in their county. Marty Lile was there with the rest of the board cooking on a super grill. These guys have grilling down to a science. The steaks

were prepared with a secret marinade. Purina sponsored the meal for the field day. I toured Thorn Valley Angus where Purina had cattle on feed trials. I also had the opportunity to talk with Billy Ray Smith, a former Commissioner of Agriculture. Also this past month, Dave Maples and I attended the Advisory Council Meeting at the Convention Center in Hopkinsville, Kentucky near the Breathitt Veterinary Center. The

Central Kentucky’s Premiere Dealer of Gooseneck Trailers

Clements Ag Supply 1223 Lebanon Road - Springfield, KY 40069 - (8oo) 753 - 8796

Breathitt Veterinary Center opened in 1969 under the Kentucky Department of Agriculture. Additions were made in 1982. There is discussion to build a new Breathitt Ve t e r i n a r y Center. In 2012-2013 the Breathitt C e n t e r had 22,240 accessions. This lab serves and does testing for a lot of our joining states as well. I am still visiting many county meetings and looking forward to each and every one

of them. I attended the Hardinsburg Ag Day. Breckinridge Cattlemen provided the meal. There were several vendors represented at this event. I have been invited to attend a field Day in Hart County and will be attending membership meetings in Hancock and Jessamine County. The next full board meeting will be held in Shelby County. This month being the month of Thanksgiving I would like for everyone to take time out and be thankful for the many blessings that we have had throughout this year. We have been blessed with plentiful crops and grass for our livestock. I am getting off to a good start in harvesting my corn and soybeans. I am very thankful for the crops that the good Lord has blessed me with this year. So far the crops that I have harvested have been the best ones that I have ever had while farming.

Oak Hollow

Performance Tested Purebred Angus Cattle

Good Selection of Bred Heifers, Bred Cows and Service Age Bulls For Sale For more information, contact the office at (270) 563-4987 or cell (270) 202-7186. Kenneth D. Lowe Smiths Grove, KY 42171

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Biosecurity is Important On and Off the Farm James Comer

-------------Commissioner of Agriculture


s livestock from across the United States converge on Louisville for the North American International Livestock Exposition Nov. 9-22, I am reminded of how important it is for Kentucky and the United States to have a robust system in place to safeguard our livestock from disease. In Kentucky, the brunt of that responsibility falls on the state veterinarian’s office. State Veterinarian Robert C. Stout and

his staff are charged with protecting the health and welfare of Kentucky’s livestock. At the North American, as in all Kentucky livestock shows, they will check the health papers of every animal in the expo. Should an animal disease situation arise, they will act

for the expo, were exhibited in 2012. The NAILE hosts shows for dairy cattle, dairy goats, llamas and alpacas, quarter horses, draft horses, market swine, beef cattle, Boer goats, wether goats, and sheep. The 35th Annual North American Championship

The work of the state veterinarian’s office is not an elective. It is an absolute necessity. to contain and eradicate the disease. This mission is critical for the well-being of your livestock and your operations, and even more so for an event of the scope of the North American, the largest purebred livestock exposition in the world. More than 26,000 entries, a record

Rodeo once again will run during the expo on Nov. 14-16. As I write this, there is talk of bidding to bring the 2018 FEI World Equestrian Games to Kentucky. The 2010 Games at the Kentucky Horse Park were the largest equine airlift in North American history, and should

the Games return to the Bluegrass State, Dr. Stout and his staff will be called upon once again to manage the importation of these equine athletes. The work of the state veterinarian’s office is not an elective. It is an absolute necessity. Your livelihoods as cattle producers depend on it. But our resources are limited. You are the primary caregivers for your animals. Help us help you by taking all appropriate biosecurity measures on your farms, consulting your veterinarians when you have a question or concern, and keeping up with alerts from the state veterinarian’s office. The last part is easy – go to the state vet’s website at, and follow Dr. Stout on Twitter @kystatevet.

West Kentucky Select BRED HEIFER SALE Selling 200 175 Spring Calving Bred Heifers

Saturday, November 23, 2013 12:00 noon central time Kentucky-Tennessee Livestock Market Guthrie, Kentucky

For more information contact: Kevin Laurent, University of Kentucky (270) 365-7541 ext. 226 Mark Barnett, KY-TN Livestock Market (270) 483-2504 All heifers are guaranteed bred to bulls with known EPDs and have met stringent requirements for health, quality and pelvic measurements.

WEST KENTUCKY SELECT BULL SALE Selling Angus bulls with known EPDs. Immediately following the West Kentucky Select Bred Heifer Sale.


Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Protect what matters.

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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Lots of Irons in the Fire

ctober 1st marked a new fiscal year for the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. The KCA leadership takes the business management and budgeting process serious. The organization has a budget and a plan as well as fire walls in place to manage the organization. I go back to advice that past KCA President Steve Henshaw gave me when I first started this job; it starts with the elected board and the executive committee and these volunteer leaders need to be on the same page when it comes to managing the association’s

finances, and that has been the case. I would also have to give a great deal of credit to the very talented staff KCA has because they respect and know how a budget works. KCA has a lot of irons in the fire and it is a challenge keeping them all hot and sometimes you just have to let one of the irons cool off. This past year the organization worked hard to get three new projects off the ground. The one project that has garnered the most attention is the Eden Shale Farm project. The Eden Shale Farm is a 960 acre farm. Under any circumstance the under taking of starting a 960 acre farm is a big undertaking. Operating a farm under the guidance of a Cattlemen’s Association is an even bigger undertaking. The good thing about this project is that everyone has an idea of how the farm should be managed and the bad thing is that everyone has an idea of how

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Gooseneck steel and aluminum trailers

Dave Maples

-------------Executive Vice President


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the farm should be managed. The Kentucky Beef Network, LLC has five managers. Becky Thompson is the staff director of KBN and she has a very capable support staff that carry out the projects of KBN. With this smaller group of people I feel really confident that something good is going to come from the venture. I know firsthand of the effort that is being put forth with this project. Eden Shale Farm has the potential to be a really wonderful tool for KBN from an income source as well as a learning center for beef producers. I would challenge each of you to use the farm as a tool in your operation and as an educational opportunity for your local members. It is there for your use. Our second big project that we just got off the ground is an advertising network. This allows the staff at KCA to represent several different Cattlemen’s Association’s across the southeast in national advertising sales. I think this is going to help KCA in a couple of ways. First being that it should bring in an additional revenue stream for the association. Second, our publication Cow Country News is one of the publications along with the Alabama Cattleman, Georgia Cattleman, Tennessee Cattle Business and the Carolina Cattle Connection. The sales team should be able to bundle the publications together to make a stronger presentation. Our third project that we have

just about gotten underway is an association employer health insurance program. With all of the talk of the Affordable Care Act I hope our timing is right in getting this program underway. The Kentucky Thoroughbred Association has had an association health care program for years. I have listened to their Executive Director tell me how good it was and I always wondered how it worked. We finally met the people that do several of the association health plans. The catch to this plan is that you have to be an employer that has at least one employee. I know many of our farming operations are family operated but I hope that this program will help some of those that have an employee. The nice thing is that this will allow participants to be group rated and act as a large group. The rates should be better being in a large group than a small group or individual. The group rated should be better than community rated. We should have our grid with prices and plans in a couple of weeks. These are three projects that have taken a great deal of behind the scenes work as well as by-law changes and board approvals. Now the implementation process is under way and we will have to see what happens over the years. Only time will tell.


Terry Lawson Ronnie Spalding Mike Webb

Lawson Tractor & Implement, INC.

846 W. Main St. Lebanon, KY 40033 (P): 270.692.2169

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

6829 Hwy. 127 Stanford, KY 40484 (P): 859.854.3500

KCF Bennett Absolute


Connealy Contrast

Connealy Consensus


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Ă€Âˆ`>ÞÊUĂŠÂŁĂ“\ääÊ œœ˜

 ,ĂŠĂˆ]ÊÓä£Î ,i`ĂŠÂœĂ•ĂƒiĂŠ Ă•Â?Â?ĂŠ Ă›>Â?Ă•>ĂŒÂˆÂœÂ˜ĂŠ iÂ˜ĂŒiĂ€ iĂ€

KCF tt Bennett on Revolution X51

Angus + Polled Herefords + + Gelbviehs + Balancers + Baldies + +

Angus Sale Bulls Average: CE +9

CW +35

BW +0.9

MARB +.63

WW +57

REA +.68

YW +102

$W +36.92

MILK +29

$B +84.12

Angus Sires: KCF Bennett Absolute Connealy Contrast Rito 9M25 Connealy Consensus DR Sierra Cut 7404 Sitz Upward 307R Connealy Producer

Rito 9M25 of Rita 5F56 Pred

DR Sierra Cut 7404

Connealy Trustmark KCF Bennett Southside Benfield Substance 8506 KCF Bennett Stellar Connealy Beacon acon Summitcrestt Complete 1P55

KJ HVH 33N Redeem 485T

EFBEEF Foremost U208

Polled Hereford Sires:

Polled Hereford Sale Bulls Average: KCF Bennett Revolution X51 CED +4.2

REA +.63

BW +1.8

MARB +.30

WW +68 YW +110

+$27 CHB Index +$38

BMI Index

Milk +25

KJ HVH 33N Redeem 485T MSU TCF Revolution 4R EFBEEF Schu-Lar Proficient N093 EFBEEF Foremost U208 Schu-Lar On Target 22S CJH Harland 408 SHF Vision R117 U38 KCF Bennett 10H S252

Gelbvieh Sale Bulls Average: CE 9

+32 BW +0.3 Feedlot Merit +44.07 Gelbvieh Sires: KCF Bennett U271 WW +78 Carcass Value +30.72 KCF Bennett S30 YW +117 Milk

Balancer Sale Bulls Average: CE 13 BW -1.6 WW +68 YW +110

Milk +28

Balancer Sires: KCF Bennett U556

Feedlot Merit +47.21 KCF Bennett T297 Carcass Value +56.13 KCF Bennett Absolute

Connealy Contrast KCF Bennett Southside KCF Bennett Energizer

KCF Bennett 10H S2522


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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Winch Up Baxter Black

----------------On the Edge of Common Sense


while back I decided to build up my ranching reputation by improving my equipment. I purchased a 1997 crew cab GMC oneton diesel with only 254,000 miles on it. I traded in a 74 one-ton flat bed F350 with a winch, plus $4,000. I asked the used car dealer if I could keep the winch. He said it was the only reason he took the flatbed in trade! Cal told me his neighbor Jerry came by to show him his new purchase. A brand-spankin’ new ¾ ton 4-wheel drive with payments of $600 a month over 5

years…but, what Jerry was most proud of was a 20-ton winch with 50’ of cable mounted on the front bumper. Jerry talked Cal into goin’ to check cows with him. It was a beautiful fall day in the Palouse country of Idaho. Miles of yellow pasture and wheat stubble, not a tree in sight. As they motored through the herd they noticed a cow with a lump on her jaw, one big tit and, what looked like a bundle of wire around one foot. To g e t h e r these cowmen decided to catch her, tie her to a fence to remove the wire and maybe lance the lump. They rifled through his toolbox and found an old rope and a halter with no lead rope.

Cal easily caught the cooperative cow and haltered her. Before he could get the rope attached, Jerry suggested that he hook the winch to the halter. It was just an excuse to play with his new toy. They pulled 20’ of cable from the winch and hooked it to the halter. Jerry stood by the winch with the remote in his h a n d l i k e Theodore Roosevelt in a backhoe about to take his first bite out of the Panama Canal…modern man vs. Mother Nature. The cow immediately pulled back and went ballistic! She raced to the

right till the cable tightened and swung her around the pickup behind the right rear wheel well! She managed to take Jerry out with the cable, broke off the headlight, tore off the side mirror and bashed in the rear fender. As soon as Jerry arose, the cow reversed course and made the left side symmetrical! Jerry climbed on the hood, remote in hand, as the cow continued to swing back and forth pendularly, from one side to the other. By the time she was reeled in tight to the winch, the pickup looked like it had been in a dogfight with a switch engine! One taillight survived, unlike both headlights, side panels, mirrors and the driver’s side window. They removed the tangle of wire and wisely decided to cut the nylon halter off with a pocket knife rather than give her some slack and try to unbuckle it. Good thinking, I’d say.

GREEN RIVER AREA “BEST OF THE BEST” BRED HEIFER SALE SATURDAY NOVEMBER 23, 2013 5:00 pm (CT) KENTUCKIANA STOCKYARDS • OWENSBORO, KY Origin Verifi ifieed, ifi ed,, Home-Raised Hom mee Ra Rais ised is ed d Commercial C Commerc om mme merc Heifers Angus An ngu guss and and Angus Angu An guss X gu

• • • • • • •

AI Bred to Image Maker and Absolute Exposed to low birth weight calving ease heifer acceptable bulls Graded by KDA graders no bad eyes, horns, rat tails, and hump backs All heifers passed a pelvic measure of 160 cm or greater and tract score All heifers underwent strict health and management requirements Qualify for heifer cost share programs Open yearling heifers, ready to breed

Sale Day Phone 1-270-785-4121 Auctioneer: Aaron Walker

Sponsored by: Green River Area Beef Improvement Group Kentucky Department of Agriculture Green River Area Cooperative Extension Agents Green River Area CPH Committee Daviess County Cattlemen’s Association Merial Pfizer

For more information contact: KBN Facilitator: Ben Lloyd 270-993-1074 Daviess County Extension Agent: Clint Hardy 270-685-8480 Green River Area Sale Committee Chair: Freddy Marksberry 270-929-4422


Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Year Round Cow Care NUTRITION THAT’S BUILT TO LAST PFor producer’s looking for a new way to increase herd profit potential:

Sustained® Nutrition is a program that has been shown to produce healthy, fast growing calves PSave time and money:

Through the feeding of Intake Modifying Technology® products, reduce time and costs associated with feed and labor. PWhy it works: Sustained® Nutrition Program works because a cow’s nutrition, prior to and during pregnancy, directly impacts the cows reproductive efficiency and the performance of the calf as a replacement heifer or as a steer. By maintaining consistent cow condition through the Sustained® Nutrition Program, you can fortify good genetics. Passing on the cow’s ability to express her full genetic potential will help you build better cattle for generations to come.

Bardstown Mills Bardstown, KY 502-348-3949 Big Barn Farm Store Garrison, KY 606-757-9208 C & F Farm Supply Hiseville, KY 270-453-3595 Calhoun Feed Service Madisonville, KY 270-821-5034

To learn more about these Purina® products visit your local dealer:

Tapp’s Feed Shelbyville, KY 502-633-1060

Caneyville Milling Caneyville, KY 270-879-3221

Green River Feed Mill Morgantown, KY 270-526-5641

Liberty Feed Midway, KY 859-846-5000

On Traxx Supply Westview, KY 270-257-8100

Clements Ag Springfield, KY 859-336-3112

Heritage Feed Bowling Green, KY 270-842-6171

Marion Feed Mill Marion, KY 270-965-2252

Phillips Agri Campbellsville, KY 270-789-3085

Day & Day Feed Columbia, KY 270-384-2209

Hinton Mills Flemingsburg, KY 606-845-1821

Metzger’s Country Store Simpsonville, KY 502-722-8850

Sonora Farm Supply Sonora, KY 270-949-2276

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Thompson & Shearer Farm Supply Nicholasville, KY 859-885-4980 Woodford Feed Versailles, KY 859-873-4811



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2014 Cattle Industry Convention and NCBA Trade Show Registration Underway


egistration for the 2014 Cattle Industry Convention and National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) Trade Show is underway. The 116 th Annual Convention will be held in Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 4-7, 2014 and advanced registration is open until Jan. 10, 2014. 2014 convention participants will hear from industry leaders, gather insight on industry trends, enjoy a Cowboy’s Night at the Grand Ole Opry II and party with Elvis at Viva NashVegas!

NCBA President and Wyoming rancher Scott George said the convention is a must for all cattlemen. “The Cattle Industry Convention is the oldest and largest, national convention for everyone that is in the cattle business,” George said. “The convention and trade show is the time for cattle industry members to come together and work toward the future of the industry while having some fun.” In addition to access to all of the

2014 convention events, registrants for the full convention will receive a 50 percent off coupon for Roper and Stetson apparel and footwear at the NCBA Trade Show. To register for the 2014 Cattle Industry Convention and NCBA Trade Show, visit www.beefusa. org or e-mail Follow us on Facebook and join the conversation on Twitter at #beefmeet

NCBA’s 2014 Record Books USDA-NRCS Offices Available for Purchase Resume Work with Farmers T he National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, the largest and oldest national organization representing U.S. cattle producers, published the 2014 version of its Integrated Resource Management Redbooks. The books serve as a tool for U.S. cattlemen and women to record calving information and daily production activities. For more than 25 years, according to John Paterson, NCBA executive director of producer education, these record books have provided an effective way for cattle ranchers to record their production records in order to enhance profitability of their operations. “The 2014 Redbook provides more

than 100 pages to record calving activity; herd health; pasture use; cattle inventory; body condition; cattle treatment; and more. The books also contain an annual calendar; address section; Beef Quality Assurance national guidelines; and proper injection technique information,” said Paterson. “This is a tool every cattlemen needs.” The IRM Redbooks can be customized with company information and/or logo on orders of 100 books or more at a reduced rate. Please contact Grace Webb at (800) 525-3085 or for more information. Individual 2014 Redbooks will be available for purchase for $6.25 each, plus shipping through NCBA’s website at


RCS offices across the country, including those in Kentucky, are resuming work with farmers to implement conservation activities. All offices are open and are working to address the backlog of requests expediently. The agency is able to proceed with implementation of several conservation programs, including the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) and the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP). However, authority to enroll acres in several programs, such as the Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP), expired on September 30, 2013, due to the expiration of the Farm Bill. For more information, producers are encouraged to contact their local USDA Service Center or visit For more in-depth information on the shutdown, please contact the Office of Communications at 202-720-4623.

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Commissioner Comer Announces Morehead State Joins Kentucky Proud Farm to Campus Program MOREHEAD, KY he Farm to Campus program will help Morehead State University find more local foods to serve to its students and staff, expand the local food system, and enrich the experience of students in the university’s agriculture program, Agriculture Commissioner James Comer said today. Commissioner Comer announced the launch of the Farm to Campus partnership of Kentucky Proud, MSU, and ARAMARK, the university’s food service vendor, in a ceremony at the Derrickson Agricultural Complex. “On behalf of the farmers in Kentucky and all the Kentucky Proud producers and vendors across the state, I want to thank you for your support of Kentucky farm families and Kentucky small businesses by supporting the


Kentucky Proud program and using Kentucky Proud products all across your campus,” Commissioner Comer said. MSU President Wayne D. Andrews said the university farm has produced four steers, 200 pounds of processed shrimp, 250 pounds of tomatoes, 50 pounds of lettuce, and 75 quarts of blackberries and blueberries for the student body and university staff through ARAMARK. “Morehead State University is proud to be a partner with ARAMARK and the Kentucky Proud program,” MSU President Wayne D. Andrews said. “We encourage our farm students to dedicate some of their produce to use on the MSU campus. This enables our students to be a part of the whole process. We think this partnership can only help the whole MSU/Rowan County community.” Under the Farm to Campus

program, the Kentucky Department of Agriculture will partner with MSU and other Kentucky colleges and universities to help with their buy-local efforts. Over the next two years, the department will target college campuses to put more shelf-stable Kentucky Proud products in their bookstores and gift shops, and more farm-fresh Kentucky Proud products in their cafeterias and food service systems.

Above right: Morehead State University President Wayne D. Andrews, left, presents a basket of Kentucky Proud apples to Agriculture Commissioner James Comer during a ceremony announcing MSU’s participation in the Kentucky Proud Farm to Campus Program on Thursday in Morehead. (Kentucky Department of Agriculture photo)

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Hardin County Cattlemen’s Association Ohio Bus Tour BY CHUCK CRUTCHER


he Hardin County Cattlemen’s Association took their annual beef tour and went north to the neighboring state of Ohio. The first stop was at the Kentucky Speedway in Sparta where we were given a guided tour of the speedway. The guide took us to the box seats on millionaire’s row for an overview of the track. Can you imagine taking a trip around the race track in a tour bus? Those of us in the back of the bus knew that we traveling at least a 100 MPH, but those in the front of the bus that saw the speedometer corrected us and told us we were only going 73 MPH. Our next stop was Beckett Ridge Golf Club where we had lunch. A local historian told us that in the late 20th century all the land around the club was farm land. Today it is highly developed with houses and factories. The next tour stop was the Armstrong Air and Space museum. The museum was filled with memorabilia from Neil Armstrong’s career. This was a trip back in time as we remembered the race to the moon. We all remembered Armstrong taking that step that made him the first man to walk on the moon. We ended the day at the Winegardner Cattle farm. This is a family owned farm that specializes in show cattle. They are heavily involved in embryo transplanting to raise top quality bulls, cows and club calves. The communities in Ohio do a tremendous job supporting the youth at their fairs and club events. The Winegardners’ have tapped into the niche market to provide club calves. Day two started with a stop at Greenhorn Cattle Company, another family farm whose theme is “Where Great Females Make a Difference”. They are also involved in embryo transplants. From only 15 recips (donor cows) they calve 50+ E.T. calves, sell 20-25 show heifers and market 100 embryos per year. Leaving Greenhorn Cattle we arrived at the Golden Lamb Inn and restaurant 16

in Lebanon. It is the oldest hotel in Ohio (1803). A local resident historian told us the history of the inn and the town of Lebanon. Needless to say the food lived up to the billing. After lunch we went to the Cargill Corn Milling Plant in Dayton. Cargill is an American privately held multinational corporation doing business all around the world. This particular facility breaks the corn kernel into four separate components that are used in food, medicine and many other everyday usages. This dispels the myth that all corn is used in the livestock sector. This particular plant routinely unloads over 200 semi-loads of corn a day. Leaving Cargill we travelled to Select Sires Company, a livestock semen collection and storage company. Select Sires A.I. collections are used primarily in the dairy industry (about 80%) with the rest distributed to the beef industry. All collections (beef and dairy) are from proven sires that are the finest in the beef industry. We ended the day at the “Der Dutchman” an Amish restaurant. Needless to say the food and service were superb. Day three had us traveling to EBY Trailer Mfg. This plant makes trailers and truck bodies for agricultural, equine and equipment transportation. A guided tour

Above: Many producers from Hardin County enjoyed the tour North to Ohio.Here they visited the Cargill Corn Milling Plant in Dayton, OH. Right: Participants ate well on the trip. This stop at H&S Salers involved 12 homemade pies! of the plant showed us how the trailers are literally built from the axle up. We had not envisioned all the pieces that go into each of those shiny aluminum trailers that move all types of livestock throughout the country. We moved down the road to H&S Salers, another farm family operation. Paul Smith gave a history of the farm, but it was his daughter Marcy that explained how she grew up showing cattle and how it has naturally evolved into her own young family. Marcy is very passionate about the beef industry; that extends into the local cattlemen’s association and youth clubs. The stop was topped off by a family cooked meal of prime rib, vegetables and 12 different types of homemade pies. Heading home we made a stop at Jungle Jim’s International Market. Move

over Sam’s, Wal-Mart and all the other box stores. This store has any meat, fruit or vegetable from all over the world. It’s one of those things you just have to experience as no explanation could do it justice. This business was started by a guy who bought a load of potatoes that had been rejected as potato chips and sold them on the side of the road. The tour ended with a dinner stop at the Three Sixty restaurant in Covington. As with all the meals during the trip, it was superb. Viewing Covington and Cincinnati from the 18th floor of the revolving restaurant wasn’t bad either. The theme of the trip was “Ohio – It’s All About Families”. All the stops emphasized families first and foremost, truly giving meaning to the trip.

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Ag Appreciation Day in Breckinridge County

Barren County News

BY BOBBY SHILTS, BCCA PRESIDENT he Cecilian Bank hosted the first Ag Appreciation Day, helping celebrate this event. The BCCA cooked over 300 1/4 pound hamburgers for the Cecilian Bank to serve free lunches. Helping celebrate was Don Reynolds, Kentucky

T h e B a r r e n C o u n t y Cattlemen’s meeting was held Thursday evening, September 19 at the Barren County High School Trojan Academy. During the meeting Robert Hendrix of New Holland Equipment Co. presented a program on Curing Hay and New Holland brand products for producing hay. Pictured above (left to right) are Robert Hendrix representing New Holland Equipment Co., and Anthony McDougle, sales manager of Hobdy, Dye & Read, Inc. in Bowling Green, KY. During the meeting a delicious streak dinner was served and sponsored by Hobdy, Dye & Read.

Left to right: Cecilian Bank Loan Officers Don Wise, Larry Perkins and Justin Butler.


Cattlemen’s Association President; Dan Powers GM Center, Hobdy, Dye and Read New Holland & Kubota, Wrights Equipment, John Deere, BCHS FFA, and the Breckinridge County Cattlemen’s Association. The BCCA appreciates cooking for this event and we wish all of you a safe and great harvest.

Metcalfe County

Metcalfe County recently held their quarterly meeting. The speaker for this meeting was Dr. Kenny Burdine, an Ag Economist from the University of Kentucky. He spoke about marketing decisions and options for cow/calf producers.




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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



USDA Reports Corn and Soybean Stocks Down 17 Percent from 2012

U Extended-Release Injectable Parasiticide 5% Sterile Solution NADA 141-327, Approved by FDA for subcutaneous injection For the Treatment and Control of Internal and External Parasites of Cattle on Pasture with Persistent Effectiveness CAUTION: Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. INDICATIONS FOR USE LONGRANGE, when administered at the recommended dose volume of 1 mL per 110 lb (50 kg) body weight, is effective in the treatment and control of 20 species and stages of internal and external parasites of cattle: Gastrointestinal Roundworms Cooperia oncophora – Adults and L4 Cooperia punctata – Adults and L4 Cooperia surnabada – Adults and L4 Haemonchus placei – Adults Oesophagostomum radiatum – Adults Ostertagia lyrata – Adults Ostertagia ostertagi – Adults, L4, and inhibited L4 Trichostrongylus axei – Adults and L4 Trichostrongylus colubriformis – Adults Parasites Gastrointestinal Roundworms Cooperia oncophora Cooperia punctata Haemonchus placei Oesophagostomum radiatum Ostertagia lyrata Ostertagia ostertagi Trichostrongylus axei Lungworms Dictyocaulus viviparus

Lungworms Dictyocaulus viviparus – Adults Grubs Hypoderma bovis Mites Sarcoptes scabiei var. bovis

Durations of Persistent Effectiveness 100 days 100 days 120 days 120 days 120 days 120 days 100 days 150 days

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION LONGRANGE® (eprinomectin) should be given only by subcutaneous injection in front of the shoulder at the recommended dosage level of 1 mg eprinomectin per kg body weight (1 mL per 110 lb body weight). WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS Withdrawal Periods and Residue Warnings Animals intended for human consumption must not be slaughtered within 48 days of the last treatment. This drug product is not approved for use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older, including dry dairy cows. Use in these cattle may cause drug residues in milk and/or in calves born to these cows. A withdrawal period has not been established for pre-ruminating calves. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal.


Animal Safety Warnings and Precautions The product is likely to cause tissue damage at the site of injection, including possible granulomas and necrosis. These reactions have disappeared without treatment. Local tissue reaction may result in trim loss of edible tissue at slaughter. Observe cattle for injection site reactions. If injection site reactions are suspected, consult your veterinarian. This product is not for intravenous or intramuscular use. Protect product from light. LONGRANGE® (eprinomectin) has been developed specifically for use in cattle only. This product should not be used in other animal species. When to Treat Cattle with Grubs LONGRANGE effectively controls all stages of cattle grubs. However, proper timing of treatment is important. For the most effective results, cattle should be treated as soon as possible after the end of the heel fly (warble fly) season. Environmental Hazards Not for use in cattle managed in feedlots or under intensive rotational grazing because the environmental impact has not been evaluated for these scenarios. Other Warnings: Underdosing and/or subtherapeutic concentrations of extended-release anthelmintic products may encourage the development of parasite resistance. It is recommended that parasite resistance be monitored following the use of any anthelmintic with the use of a fecal egg count reduction test program. TARGET ANIMAL SAFETY Clinical studies have demonstrated the wide margin of safety of LONGRANGE® (eprinomectin). Overdosing at 3 to 5 times the recommended dose resulted in a statistically significant reduction in average weight gain when compared to the group tested at label dose. Treatment-related lesions observed in most cattle administered the product included swelling, hyperemia, or necrosis in the subcutaneous tissue of the skin. The administration of LONGRANGE at 3 times the recommended therapeutic dose had no adverse reproductive effects on beef cows at all stages of breeding or pregnancy or on their calves. Not for use in bulls, as reproductive safety testing has not been conducted in males intended for breeding or actively breeding. Not for use in calves less than 3 months of age because safety testing has not been conducted in calves less than 3 months of age. STORAGE Store at 77° F (25° C) with excursions between 59° and 86° F (15° and 30° C). Protect from light. Made in Canada. Manufactured for Merial Limited, Duluth, GA, USA. ®LONGRANGE and the Cattle Head Logo are registered trademarks of Merial. ©2013 Merial. All rights reserved. 1050-2889-02, Rev. 05/2012

SDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) today reported that on September 1, there were 824 million bushels of old crop corn and 141 million bushels of old crop soybeans in storage. Corn and soybean stocks stored in all positions were down 17 percent from 2012, according to the quarterly Grain Stocks report. On September 1, there were 275 million bushels of corn stored on farms and 549 stored off the farm, down 12 and 19 percent from the prior year, respectively. The U.S. corn disappearance totaled   1.94 billion bushels during June-August, down from 2.16 billion bushels during the same period last year. NASS reported that as of

45.2 million acres of wheat this year, down 8 percent from 2012. The levels of production and changes from 2012 by type are winter wheat, 1.53 billion bushels, down 7 percent; other spring wheat, 532 million bushels, down 2 percent; and Durum wheat, 61.5 million bushels, down 26 percent. Oat production is estimated at 66.0 million bushels, up 3 percent from 2012 but the third lowest production on record, according to NASS. Harvested area, at 1.03 million acres, is slightly below last year and is the second lowest acreage harvested for grain on record. Due to delays in this year’s harvest, NASS will re-survey small grain growers in Montana and North Dakota. Operators will be asked to

On September 1, there were 275 million bushels of corn stored on farms and 549 stored off the farm, down 12 and 19 percent from the prior year, respectively. September 1, there were 39.6 million bushels of soybeans stored on the farm, up 3 percent from 2012, and 101 million bushels off the farm, down 23 percent from last September. The U.S. soybean disappearance during JuneAugust totaled 294 million bushels, down 41 percent from the same period last year. In addition to releasing the Grain Stocks report, NASS also released the Small Grains 2013 Summary, which included the final tallies for U.S. wheat, oats and other small grains. According to the report, in 2013 U.S. small grain farmers in some parts of the country were challenged with adverse weather conditions causing delays in planting and harvesting. NASS reported, growers harvested

verify and update, if necessary, the acreage, yield, production and stock estimates for barley, oats, Durum wheat and other spring wheat. When producers were surveyed earlier this month, there was significant unharvested acreage in these two states. As a result of this re-surveying effort, NASS may release updated estimates for small grains in its November 8 Crop Production report. All NASS reports are available online at www. NASS provides accurate, timely, useful and objective statistics in service to U.S. agriculture. We invite you provide occasional feedback on our products and services. Sign up at http://usda.mannlib. and look for “NASS Data User Community.”

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


will look so good

Introducing new LONGRANGE with 100 to 150 days of parasite control in a single dose.1

Nothing else comes close to the control of LONGRANGE.2,5-7* CYDECTIN® (moxidectin) Injectable

LONGRANGE Injectable

DECTOMAX® (doramectin) Injectable


A pasture full of thicker, slicker cattle is a beautiful sight. Get the look with LONGRANGE. Its unique THERAPHASETM Technology gives you 100 to 150 days of parasite control in a single dose.2 Break the parasite life cycle and see the performance benefits all season.3,4 Ask your veterinarian for prescription LONGRANGE.





DAYS *SAFE-GUARD® has no demonstrated persistent activity.

For more information, visit



150 Available in 500 mL, 250 mL and 50 mL bottles. Administer subcutaneously at 1 mL/110 lbs.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION: Do not treat within 48 days of slaughter. Not for use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older, including dry dairy cows, or in veal calves. Post-injection site damage (e.g., granulomas, necrosis) can occur. These reactions have disappeared without treatment. 1 2

Dependent upon parasite species, as referenced in FOI summary and LONGRANGE product label.

LONGRANGE product label. Morley FH, Donald AD. Farm management and systems of helminth control. Vet Parasitol. 1980;6:105-134. 4 Brunsdon RV. Principles of helminth control. Vet Parasitol. 1980;6:185-215 5 CYDECTIN® Injectable product label. 6 DECTOMAX® Injectable product label. 7 SAFE-GUARD® product label. 3

®LONGRANGE and the Cattle Head Logo are registered trademarks, and THERAPHASE is a trademark, of Merial. All other marks are the property of their respective owners. ©2013 Merial Limited, Duluth, GA. All rights reserved. RUMIELR1213-E (09/12)

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Congressional Report Touts Importance of Agriculture Exports


report released this week by the Joint Economic Committee of the U.S. Congress cites the importance of agriculture – and agricultural exports in particular – to the American economy. The report, titled “The Economic Contribution of America’s Farmers and the Importance of Agricultural Exports,” notes that the United States is the world’s leading exporter of agricultural products, with a record $141.3 billion exported in 2012 and a $38.5 billion trade surplus for the year for the agriculture sector. While those totals are impressive, the report also notes that although agriculture has accounted for less than 5 percent of the United States’ gross domestic product (GDP) from 2007 through 2011, agricultural products as a share of total exports hovered around 10 percent.

“Exports are critical to the success of U.S. agriculture, and population and income growth in developing countries ensures that this will continue to be the case in the decades to come,” the report states. “Taking action to facilitate exports would help to strengthen the agricultural sector and promote overall economic growth.” The report goes on to say that agricultural exporters often encounter trade barriers. “Despite some progress, average agricultural tariffs remain substantially higher than those imposed on other products,” the report noted. According to the report, pressing for lower tariffs on agricultural products – as well as ensuring that SPS measures are not used inappropriately to keep U.S. goods out of overseas markets – would help exporters. The report recommends actions that Congress can take to facilitate export opportunities for America’s farmers,

ranchers and agricultural producers, including: • Enacting a long-term farm bill to provide a certainty for U.S. agriculture • Pushing for provisions that reduce barriers to agricultural exports • Promoting export opportunities for small and beginning farmers, ranchers and processors The report cites the changing landscape for American agricultural exports over the past 20 years. Two decades ago, just 1 percent of U.S. agricultural export sales went to China. This total increased to 4 percent by 2002 but, by 2012, China was the top destination for U.S. agricultural products, purchasing more than $25 billion in products that accounted for more than 18 percent of total sales. In 2012, the China/Hong Kong region was the No. 3 market for U.S. pork exports, purchasing 431,145 metric tons (950 million pounds) valued at $886.2 million. China also has rapidly grown into one of

the leading global markets for beef, but the country has remained closed to U.S. beef exports since the 2003 BSE finding in the United States. “This report reinforces the importance of exports for the American agricultural sector,” said Philip Seng, president and CEO of the U.S. Meat Export Federation. “It also documents two areas that are critical for the success of agricultural exports: the enactment of a long-term farm bill to provide support for agricultural exports and provisions that reduce barriers to those exports. Both are equally important for an area of the economy that produces a much-needed budget surplus and supports an estimated one million jobs across the country.” In 2012, U.S. beef, pork and lamb exports amounted to more than 7.5 billion pounds of product valued at more than $11.8 billion. The export value per head processed amounted to $55.87 for pork and $216.73 for beef.


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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Hay: What a Difference a Year Makes Dr. Garry Lacefield

----------------University of Kentucky Forage Specialist


ast year we had a very early season followed by a hot, dry season resulting in a short hay supply although quality was good. This year’s abundant rains have resulted in a good supply and lower quality. As we approach our hay feeding season, we need to access our supply on hand and define quality. To determine supply a simple inventory of bale numbers and realistic weight estimate is needed. Quality can also be accessed by looking, touching, smelling, etc. Much can be learned using these techniques; however, the only accurate way to determine hay quality is through testing. We in Kentucky are very fortunate to have several options for testing. We are also one of only a few states that has a state run Forage Testing Program. The program in Kentucky is administered by the Kentucky Department of Agriculture. A simple toll free call to 800-248-4628 is all you need to set up an appointment for a travel technician to come to your farm and take the samples for you. A normal fee of only $10.00 per lot is charged. Knowing the quality of the hay you have for feeding can allow you to provide adequate nutrition for your animals at the least cost. It will also help to communicate the characteristics of your hay to prospective buyers. Knowing both supply and quality will help to adequately access the value of hay regardless whether you are feeding, selling or buying. When you get your analysis back, remember all numbers on the report are important so don’t get intimidated by the terms and observations. Common Forage Analysis terms and definitions


include: Moisture, expressed as percent, is the water present in the forage analyzed. Dry matter (DM) is the percentage of forage that is not water. Nutrient concentrations in the “As Fed” column can be determined from the “Dry Matter” column by multiplying the DM concentration of the nutrient by DM expressed as a decimal. Crude Protein (CP) is the sum of true protein and non-protein nitrogen. It is calculated by measuring the nitrogen concentration and multiplying by 6.25. It is a measure of a forage’s ability to meet the protein needs of livestock. Most protein in forages is true protein, with exceptions for nitrateaccumulating summer annual grasses such as sudangrass and pearl millet. Although high-protein forages are also often high in energy, CP content is of little value in determining energy content. Since protein is one of the most costly supplements for livestock, high protein forages are desirable. Acid detergent fiber (ADF) is the percentage of highly indigestible plant material present in a forage. It contains cellulose, lignin, and silica. Acid detergent fiber is a useful predictor of energy and digestibility in forages. Low ADF values mean higher energy value and digestibility since lignin and silica are not digestible by ruminants. Therefore, low ADF values are desirable. In fact, all of the energy estimates presently used in forage testing are calculated from ADF alone. Neutral detergent fiber (NDF) represents all of the structural or cell wall materials in the forage. The NDF of a forage is inversely related to the amount that a cow or calf is able to consume; thus, forages with low NDF will have higher intakes than those with high NDF. In general, legumes tend to have lower NDF values than grasses. Total digestible nutrients (TDN) reports the percentage of digestible material in a forage. Total digestible nutrients are calculated from ADF and

Hay Supply: How Much and How Good? express the differences in digestible material between forages. This term is used more often with rations for beef or sheep than with dairy rations. Net energy of maintenance (NEM) and lactation (NEL) are expressions of energy value of forage, in megacalories (Mcal)/lb; they refer to the forage’s ability to meet the energy requirements of dairy and beef cattle. Net energy for gain (NEG) is the amount of energy in a forage available for growth (and, therefore, weight gain) after the maintenance needs have been met. Relative feed value (RFV) is used to compare one forage to another on an energy basis. It is derived by taking into account the digestibility (calculated from ADF) and the potential intake (calculated from NDF) of a given forage. For comparison purposes, the RFV of mature, full bloom alfalfa was set at 100. Relative Forage Quality (RFQ) is a new term developed by researchers to provide a better index of how a forage will perform in an animal diet. RFQ takes into account TDN, protein and fiber digestibility. This calculation is much more accurate in predicting animal performance and will permit

comparison among forages with greater accuracy. Not all labs are set up to run RFQ at present. It is predicted RFQ will replace RFV over the next several years. For comparison, RFQ of 100 equals full bloom alfalfa as does RFV. Knowing the amount and quality of hay on hand and the number of and nutritional requirements of your animals can permit efficient and effective use of hay and performance of animals. Reminder: Minimize loss during feeding. As hay storage and feeding losses increase “TRUE” hay cost also increases.

DATES TO REMEMBER January 12-14, 2014 American Forage & Grassland Council, Memphis, TN January 17, 2014 Forages at KCA, Lexington, KY February 1, 2014 Kentucky Small Ruminant Grazing Conference, Lexington, KY February 20, 2014 34th Kentucky Alfalfa Conference, WKU Expo Center, Bowling Green, KY

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Kentucky’s Retail Food Prices Jump 5.7 Percent in Third Quarter Survey reaches highest total price in its four-decade history


he latest Marketbasket Survey, conducted by the Kentucky Farm Bureau (KFB) Federation in September 2013, indicates that average retail food prices in supermarkets across the state made dramatic increases during the third quarter of the year. According to the survey, the total cost of 40 basic grocery items was $119.15. These results – $6.45, or 5.7 percent, higher than the same list of items reported in the previous quarter – are the highest total price recorded in the survey’s four-decade history. Today’s Marketbasket Survey total not only reflects a 2.8 percent increase over the average price reported in the

third quarter of 2012, but it may also imply that Kentucky is finally catching up to national retail food price trends. In four of the last six Marketbasket Surveys, overall decreases in retail food prices were reported across the Commonwealth while national food prices moved slowly but steadily upward. The U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics’ most recent Consumer Price Index (CPI) data revealed that food-at-home prices increased nationally by 0.1 percent in the last reported month (August). Overall, the CPI data shows that the national average price for food at

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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association



home has increased in four of the last five months and grown by an overall total of 1.0 percent over the past 12 months. Marketbasket Survey specifics: Just three months after Kentucky Farm Bureau’s last Marketbasket Survey reported falling prices in every major food category – beef, dairy, fruits and vegetables, grain, pork, and poultry – the third quarter brought completely opposite results. For the first time in more than five years, all six categories in the survey simultaneously experienced an increase in average price. The fruits and vegetables category showed the greatest total gain with an overall average price jump of 10.7 percent ($2.05). Idaho potatoes had the greatest single-item growth with an average price increase of $1.77 per 10-lb. bag. Overall, 28 of the 40 items in the Marketbasket Survey experienced increases in average price, 11 decreased and one item (2% milk) was unchanged. The Marketbasket Survey’s top three average price increases reported for items in the third quarter of 2013 were:

disposable income on food each year. Those costs remain far lower than any other country in the world thanks to many of the agricultural efficiencies utilized in America. Today the average U.S. farmer produces enough food and fiber to provide for about 154 people – a significant jump from an average of 19 people per farmer back in 1940. Yet while more food is now being produced on less land, the farmer’s share of the retail food dollar in America is down. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Dollar Series, a farmer earns less than 16 cents per dollar spent on food, down significantly from the 31 cents earned in 1980.

Survey Origins: Kentucky Farm Bureau Federation has conducted its regional Marketbasket Survey over the past four decades as a tool to reflect local retail food pricing trends and their relationship to what farmers receive for their raw commodities. Cities reporting on the Kentucky Farm Bureau Marketbasket Survey for the third quarter of 2013 include: Alexandria, Augusta,


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ITEM             JUN 2013            SEP 2013          PRICE INCREASE Idaho Potatoes            $3.59 / 10 lbs.      $5.36 / 10 lbs.      +$1.77 / 10 lbs.                                                                                 +49.3% Sliced Bacon               $3.72 / lb.           $4.47 / lb.           +$0.75 / lb.                                                                                 +20.2% Mild Cheddar Cheese     $4.32 / lb.           $4.87 / lb.           +$0.55 / lb.                                                                                 +12.7%

Agricultural Economics in Food Prices: Whether or not grocery prices fluctuate from quarter to quarter, it remains a fact that Americans continue to enjoy some of the lowest food prices in the world. Shoppers in the U.S. spend only about 10 percent of their

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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Beef Checkoff Sets FY2014 Plan of Work Committee cuts $1.15 million from proposals to meet budget needs


he Cattlemen’s Beef Board will invest about $38.5 million into programs of beef promotion, research, consumer information, industry information, foreign marketing and producer communications in Fiscal Year 2014, if today’s recommendation of the Beef Promotion Operating Committee is approved by USDA, following review by the full Beef Board. In action concluding its two-day meeting in Denver this week, the Operating Committee — including 10 members of the Beef Board and 10 members of the Federation of State Beef Councils — approved checkoff funding for a total of 18 “Authorization Requests,” or proposals for checkoff funding in the fiscal year beginning Oct. 1, 2013.

The committee also recommended full Beef Board approval of a budget amendment to reflect the split of funding between budget categories affected by their decisions. “I am just so pleased to let all beef producers and importers that our new committee structure and process helped us devise a coordinated plan of work for 2014 that points their checkoff investments directly at the goals of the Beef Industry Long Range Plan,” said Beef Board and Operating Committee Chairman Weldon Wynn, a cattleman from Arkansas. “Our budget continues to tighten every year, but we have tightened our processes along with our belts to leverage every checkoff dollar to the greatest extent possible.” The committee had to cut about

$1 million total from proposals to meet budget requirements and, in the end, cut a total of $1.15 million. Just one proposal submitted was cut completely, and that was a $100,000 request from the National Livestock Producers Association to help tell the beef story to consumers through participation on the established “America’s Heatland” program on public television. The remainder of the cuts was achieved through reductions in budgets for the following programs: • A proposal from the North American Meat Association for veal promotion (reduced from $756,250 to $631,250) • Funding for the Northeast Beef

Promotion Initiative brought by the Meat Import Council of America and the Pennsylvania Beef Council (reduced from $246,325 to $199,629) • A “Moms, Millennials and More” communications program brought by the American National CattleWomen (reduced from $797,600 to $668,900) • The foreign marketing program managed by the U.S. Meat Export Federation (reduced from $7.9 million to $7.6 million) • A producer communications Authorization Request from the Cattlemen’s Beef Board (reduced from $1.75 million to $1.5 million) • NCBA’s proposal for a consumer information Authorization Request (reduced from $6.9 million to $6.7 million)

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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


“I assure you, this was not an easy task, but I am so proud of how well members of this committee dug in and made the tough decisions. We had two days of great discussion about how to do what’s best for all producers and importers who pay their hard-earned dollars into this checkoff program.” Seven national beef organizations had project proposals approved by the Operating Committee, to be reimbursed through the FY14 Cattlemen’s Beef Board budget, as follows: •National Cattlemen’s Beef Association ($27.2 million) •U.S. Meat Export Federation ($7.6 million) •Cattlemen’s Beef Board ($1.5 million) •Nor th Amer ic an Meat Association ($1.15 million) •American National CattleWomen ($668,900) •Meat Importers Council of America ($367,004) •National Livestock Producers Association ($30,000) Broken out by budget component, the Fiscal Year 2014 Plan of Work for the Cattlemen’s Beef Board budget includes: • $8.1 million for promotion programs, including a new consumer digital advertising program, veal promotion, a Northeast Beef Promotion Initiative to build demand in densely populated Northeast states. • $8.9 million for research programs, focusing on a variety of critical issues, including beef safety research, product enhancement research, human nutrition research, and market research. • $10.8 million for consumer

information programs, including a Northeast public relations initiative, national consumer public relations, including a “Moms, Millennials and More” consumer information program, the National Beef Ambassador Program, and nutrition-influencer relations. • $1.6 million for industry information programs, comprising beef and dairy-beef quality assurance programs and dissemination of accurate information about the beef industry to counter misinformation from anti-beef groups and others, as well as veal quality assurance and funding for continued checkoff participation in an industry-wide antimicrobial discussion. • $7.6 million for foreign marketing and education in some 80 countries in the following: ASEAN region; Caribbean; Central America/ Dominican Republic; China/Hong Kong; Europe; Japan; Korea; Mexico; Middle East; Russia/Greater Russian Region; South America; and Taiwan. • $1.5 million for producer communications, which includes producer outreach using paid media, earned media, direct communications, and communications through livestock markets and state beef councils. Other expenses funded through the $41.3 million 2014 CBB budget include $224,000 for evaluation, $230,000 for program development, $375,000 for USDA oversight; and about $1.9 million for administration, which includes costs for Board meetings, legal fees, travel costs, office rental, supplies, equipment, and administrative staff compensation. Fiscal Year 2014 begins Oct. 1, 2013. For details about the discussions of the Operating Committee this week, visit, and for general information about your checkoff, visit MyBeefCheckoff. com.

7 Selling sons Dec CE


















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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

John Harrell • Bull Development Center 334-524-9287 Tommy Brown • Marketing and Genetics 205-755-5431



Is Organic Corn an Option Worth Considering BY LEE MEYER AND WILL MARTIN rganic feed corn sells at a substantial premium over conventionally raised corn, typically at 1 ½ to 2 times the conventional price. This should be reason enough for farmers to consider this alternative crop, but few do. Because of the potential opportunity for Kentucky farmers, we organized a UK Extension team and got funding from the USDA Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education program to see if organically produced corn fits in Kentucky. As part of this project, we analyzed markets, worked with farmers to grow demonstration plots, had a farmer-focused workshop, and have drafted a handbook of production and marketing practices. Here are some of the highlights of this project, based on our work and the work of researchers in other states. These highlights are written in response to our most frequently asked questions.

O The Agricultural Economics Department publishes the Economic and Policy Update towards the end of each month. Each issue features articles written by extension personnel within the department and other experts across the country. Topics will var y greatly but regularly include marketing, management, policy, natural resources, and rural development issues. If you would like to recieve this newsletter by email, please contact Kenny Burdine at kburdine@

You can also view current and past issues online at edu/agecon/index. php?p=209 Co-editors: Kenny Burdine, Alison Davis, and Greg Halich


comparative data from the same farm showing the cost of production to be much lower on his organic land.

What about yields? This is not as simple a question because you have to think about the whole rotation. In general, research data suggests long term yield in the range of 10 to 20% below conventional corn, but the first couple of years may have 50% lower yields.

What kinds of Rotations do Organic Grain Farmers Use? The easiest way to answer this question is with the rotation that organic farmers do not use: a two-year rotation of corn and soybeans. Organic grain farmers typically use much longer and

What is the cost of production? Production cost varies dramatically. On a per acre basis, it is typically much less than conventional corn, especially if one has access to inexpensive manure. Charlie Eselgroth, an Ohio farmer that raises both organic and conventional corn, spoke at our workshop about how costs compared at his farm. He had

How does profitability shake out? With prices typically at a 50% to 100% premium, organic corn can be more profitable than conventional corn, even with lower yields. Because of the varied rotations and the transition period, it makes sense to look at this question over the long term. In our profitability analysis, we looked at a sixyear time horizon for a farm transitioning to organic production. We found that, even with conservative estimates for organic yields and price premiums, an organic rotation can be more profitable than a conventional corn-soybean rotation. Three keys to maximizing organic profitability include: keeping production costs low, developing a transition plan that maximizes organic price premiums, and finding an organic market for all of your crops.

I sell my corn at a local grain elevator, where would I sell organic corn? How do I find out about prices?

How do you get organically certified? The Kentucky Department of Agriculture helps in the certification process, which is not expensive. Land has to be in organic practices for three years before the first certified organic crop is harvested. Land that has been in pasture, and not sprayed, can qualify immediately. The USDA National Organic Program has a list of approved products and practices (yes, organic farmers do spray and fertilize). Practices include rotations and extensive use of cover crops.

but that practice is still uncertain.

more diverse rotations, in order to manage fertility and weed pressure, but the specifics of the rotation depend on the farm. Farmers with livestock typically include two to three years of a forage crop; while other farmers might have a shorter rotation of corn, soybeans, a small grain, and a legume cover crop. While corn typically has the highest profit margin in all of these rotations, it is important to remember that there is an organic premium for all of these crops.

How do I manage weeds without herbicides? Most organic farmers plant a cover crop, plow it in the spring, and do several cultivations. Other crops in the rotation help minimize weed problems, but weeds can still be an issue. There is research into no-till organic systems,

The market for organic corn is driven by the growing market for organic livestock products – mostly dairy and poultry. Organic corn is being imported into Kentucky for milk production. Kentucky produced organic corn would replace these imports. Because most elevators in Kentucky don’t pay organic premiums, most organic growers contract their corn directly with a buyer instead of an elevator. The USDA collects organic grain prices and reports them at: http:// pdf. For Sept. 6 – 14, the average price of yellow feed corn was $11.22 per bushel. Source: USDA AMS; http://www. . For more information, watch for the organic corn handbook at the UK Extension website, or contact one of us.

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Health Care Reform BY LAUREN OMER ealth care coverage has always been a concern, especially for the self-employed. In 2010, President Obama signed the Affordable Care Act to provide extensive health care reform. This act has several provisions that will become effective in 2014, which are designed to expand access to affordable health coverage. For example, coverage will be offered through a health insurance marketplace in each state, premium tax credits may be available to assist in purchasing coverage, and tax credits may be available for small businesses assisting with employee premiums. Along with these provisions, there are several requirements for employers that should be acknowledged.


Beginning January 2014, most Americans will be required to have health insurance or pay a penalty. Health insurance companies will no longer be able to deny coverage or charge more for a pre-existing health condition. The health insurance marketplace in Kentucky is k ynect. Governor Steve Beshear issued an executive order to create a state-based health benefit marketplace to meet the needs of Kentuckians, thus kynect was created. The program is run by the Office of the Kentucky Health Benefit Exchange, and it will ensure that Kentuckians have access to quality health care. Kynect will provide simple onestop shopping for individuals and small businesses to purchase health insurance based on price and quality. You will be able to find health coverage that meets your needs and fits your budget. By using kynect, you may be eligible for payment assistance or discounts to help cover

the costs of health care. The program will also check eligibility for tax credits, Medicaid, and the Kentucky Children’s Health Insurance Program (KCHIP). Open enrollment for kynect begins October 1, 2013 and runs through March 31, 2014. Coverage begins January 1, 2014. No employer has to offer coverage in 2014. However, some large businesses with over 50 employees that don’t provide health insurance may face penalties starting in 2015. Kynect will assist small group employers in enrolling their employees in health plans through the Small Business Health Options Program (SHOP). Starting in 2014, employers with 50 or fewer employees will be able to use kynect to offer coverage to their employees. Employers can compare plans by employer contribution and coverage amount. Employers can select a single plan from one insurance company, or several plans from various insurance companies. Kynect will handle many of the details and the billing. Employees will be able to manage their own account online and compare plans based on their employers’ contributions, annual deductibles, and par ticipating doctors and hospitals. If you have fewer than 25 fulltime equivalent employees making an average of $50,000 or less a year, then you may qualify for a Small Business Health Care Tax Credit, which is available through kynect. The credit will make the cost of providing health coverage lower. To qualify, employers must pay at least 50% of their fulltime employees’ premium costs. Coverage does not have to be offered to part-time employees or dependents. In 2013, the tax credit is worth up to 35% of your contribution toward employee premium costs. However, beginning

in 2014, the tax credit is worth up to 50% of your contribution. The smaller a business is, the larger the credit will be. The Affordable Care Act requires most farm employers to inform employees about their ability to purchase health insurance coverage through the insurance marketplace. The requirement applies to all employers who are required to comply with the Fair Labor Standards Act, regardless of the number of employees they have. Employers, both large and small, are required to provide a written or electronic exchange notice to employees regarding the new health insurance coverage options, even if an employersponsored health plan is not offered to employees. An exchange notice is a written notice informing employees of their ability to purchase health insurance coverage through a state or federally administered exchange. The notice also explains some of the benefits and consequences to employees if they choose to purchase insurance through an exchange. The notice should be provided to both full-time and parttime employees, including H2A workers and seasonal employees, and must be provided by October 1, 2013. For employees hired on or after October 1, 2013, the exchange notice must be provided to each new employee within 14 days of hire. It is recommended that you provide written notice via first-class mail or deliver it in-person. It is also strongly recommended that the employer require each employee to sign a document acknowledging receipt of the notice. There are several pieces of information that must be provided in the exchange notice. For example, the name and contact information of the health exchange available

in the state, kynect for Kentucky employers and employees, must be identified. The ser vices provided by the exchange must also be described in the notice. The exchange website will provide this information, which means providing the employee with the website will be sufficient for the notice. The website for kynect is The notice must also inform employees that they may be eligible for premium tax credits or cost sharing reductions if they chose to purchase health coverage on the exchange. Also, if the employer offers health coverage, employees need to be informed that if they elect to purchase health coverage on the exchange, they will forfeit their employer’s contribution to their premiums. Not only will they forfeit the employer contribution, but they may also lose the tax benefit associated with the employer contribution; since it may have been excludable from the employee’s income for federal income and payroll tax purposes. There are three model exchange notices that are available for use. There is a basic model form providing the minimum amount of information, a model for employers who offer health coverage to their employees, and a model for employers who do not offer health coverage. The model notices can be found at by searching for “model notices”. Throughout the next year, we will begin to see the effects of the Affordable Care Act. We will try to keep you informed of any significant deadlines or changes. If you have any questions about the health insurance exchange, the Small Business Health Care Tax Credit, or the exchange notice, please contact your KFBM specialist.

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Fall 2013 Wheat Planting Decision BY GREG HALICH entucky grain farmers have just started harvesting corn, and they will soon be getting to the point where they need to decide how much wheat they will plant this fall. In Kentucky, wheat is almost always planted in the fall, following the harvest on corn ground, and then double-cropped with soybeans in early summer after the wheat harvest. This allows for two crops in one year. However, soybeans planted after the wheat harvest are more susceptible to summer drought, which means on average yields are lower for these double-cropped soybeans. In Kentucky, this yield reduction typically averages around 20%. As a consequence, the majority of soybeans planted in KY are full-season plantings rather than double-cropped.


The major change this year, compared to 2012-2013, is that we have had significant price declines in all three grains. The following information includes estimated returns comparing double-cropped wheat/soybeans with full-season soybeans for the 2013-14 crop, and the likely implications for Kentucky grain farmers. In this analysis, I account for additional costs associated with the double-cropping, including fuel, machinery repairs and depreciation,

labor, hauling, etc. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m using 2014 new crop CME futureâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s prices on September 23, 2013 and adjusting for a typical new crop basis. This results in new crop prices of $11.50/ bu for soybeans, $6.40/bu for wheat, and $4.70/bu for corn. Finally, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m evaluating two regions with different agronomic characteristics. The first region is along the southwest tier of counties near Hopkinsville, which traditionally does a lot of doublecropping. The second region is along the northwest tier of counties (Ohio Valley region) that has some of the best yields for corn and soybeans, but traditionally plants less wheat. Cash rent is assumed to be $250/ acre for both these regions (note: this will vary substantially, but is done here for illustrative purposes only). Net profit is estimated after subtracting out all variable and fixed costs represented by an efficient operation. Major assumptions are: $3.75/gallon fuel, 15 mile one-way grain hauling, $.49/unit N urea, $.42/ unit N anhydrous, $.41/unit P, and $.42/unit K. Letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s first compare doublecropping to planting full season soybeans: In the Southwest Tier Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m assuming: 70 bu wheat 35 bu double-cropped soybeans 44 bu full-season soybeans

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In the Northwest Tier Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m assuming: 65 bu wheat 38 bu double-cropped soybeans 50 bu full-season soybeans $87 net profit double-crop $92 net profit full-season soybeans This results in a $5 difference in favor of the full season soybeans. Double-cropped soybean yield would have to increase to 39 bu in this case before the double-crop was as profitable. Given the current market conditions, double-cropping looks moderately attractive for the Southwest Tier, but is about deadeven with full-season soybeans in the Northwest Tier of counties. At this point (September 23, 2013), soil moisture conditions look to be good throughout most of the state for the fall wheat planting. Another possibility, from a

decision standpoint, is on ground that is coming out of corn, but where the farmer was thinking of planting corn again. This is commonly referred to as continuous corn and it is usually done on the best ground. This situation would be most applicable for the Northwest Tier. In this situation Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m assuming: 161 bu continuous corn (5% yield loss from 170 bu rotational corn) 50 bu full-season soybeans $92 net profit full-season soybeans $76 net profit continuos corn This results in a $16 advantage for full-season soybeans over continuous corn. With current expected prices, continuous corn does not look to be attractive over full season soybeans. To change the assumptions above to your specific conditions and to evaluate your expected profitability, please refer to Department of Agricultural Economics Budgets/ Decision Aids website at: http:// w w w.c y.e du/a g e co n/ind ex. php?p=29. The Corn-Soybean Budgets and Wheat Budgets are among the first through third listed on the site and they can be downloaded or opened directly from this page.

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$84 net profit double-crop $23 net profit full-season soybeans This results in a $61 difference in favor of the wheat-soybean double crop. In other words, double-cropped soybean yield would have to drop to 30 bu before full-season beans were as profitable.

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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association



BVD Virus Wears Many Disguises BY HEATHER SMITH THOMAS

Follow me to sweet ole Tennessee! Join your fellow cattlemen in Nashville for some great southern hospitality – Tennessee style! The 2014 Cattle Industry Convention is where cattlemen from across the FRXQWU\ZLOOÀQG: • World-class education • The largest trade show with the latest and greatest for the industry • Great opportunities to connect with friends old and new • A whole lot of fun!

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VDV (Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus) is a sneaky pathogen that can affect cattle in many different ways. This virus can cause abortion, mummification of a fetus, birth defects and malformations, stillborn full-term calves, normal-looking calves with immune deficiencies (persistently infected animals), acute or chronic illness in cattle. BVDV is an indirect cause of many other diseases because it has adverse affects on the immune system. A few years ago, veterinary researchers estimated that 80% of cattle in North America had been exposed to BVDV and that 70 to 90% of infections go undetected, without visible symptoms. The only clue that a herd might have BVDV may be poor reproductive rate due to pregnancy losses, or a higher than normal rate of sickness in calves. The first descriptions of this disease in North America were reported more than 60 years ago—describing outbreaks of highly fatal diarrhea (hence the name given to this disease), digestive tract ulcers, nasal discharge and abortions. Many veterinarians feel this disease should now be renamed, however, since diarrhea as a symptom is just one aspect of this infection.. In most herds today you won’t find diarrhea, but you might find BVDV. Dr. Amy Warren (Assistant Professor, Anatomic and Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary) has been doing research on BVDV for several years. She says lesions caused by this virus are sometimes found in the heart and lungs of cattle—a manifestation not previously reported. “I suspect these sites of infection are associated with bovine respiratory disease complex,” she says. “I am a pathologist by training, so I am not as up to date on treatments or current vaccinations as some other scientists; I primarily study how BVD affects the animal. BVD has so many

different manifestations in cattle that you could almost blame any disease on BVD—and some people do. It’s one of the first things many veterinarians think of, to rule out,” she says. “BVD is a common cause of respiratory disease, and it also has acute manifestations like mucosal disease and deaths within the herd. It seems to be able to affect most body systems in some form. There are skin manifestations, especially in PI (persistently infected) cattle that were infected before birth (in utero), bone malformations, GI tract infections—you name it. One of the challenges we have in preventing it or vaccinating against BVDV is that this virus changes. The current vaccine may or may not be protective against the strain that’s affecting your cattle,” she says. Most of the common viral diseases in cattle have effective vaccines that stockmen can use, but the BVD virus changes. “Acute mucosal disease (that starts in utero and results in a persistently infected animal) is thought in some cases to mutate within that particular fetus, into a different form that then kills the fetus,” says Warren. “My interest, in my research, is lesions in the bovine respiratory disease complex. This can be a problem on many farms and ranches, and it’s a major problem in most feedlots in Alberta. It’s a significant cause of decreased production or even death of the animals. The respiratory disease complex can be caused by a number of different pathogens working together; some are bacteria and some are viruses. I am interested in BVD virus’s role in this,” she says. “People have thought for years that these respiratory problems are associated with BVD, but how it actually causes disease is still not known. We do know that BVD dampens down the animals’ immune system, making them more vulnerable to many other diseases. Even cattle that are not persistently infected or exposed to BVD in utero have an

increased susceptibility to respiratory disease. If they come into contact with BVD it monkeys around with the body’s defense system. And in PI cattle we don’t know whether it is directly knocking off the immune system itself, or changing the way the respiratory tract forms (in the fetus), making it more vulnerable,” she says. “We have identified a subset of cattle that have lesions in the vessels of the heart and lungs, causing inflammation of the blood vessels in acutely infected animals. We think this may contribute to the animals’ susceptibility to respiratory disease. These BVD lesions have not been described before,” says Warren. “At this point we don’t have enough epidemiology data to confirm that this does contribute to respiratory disease susceptibility, but the coincidence of having these lesions in the heart and lungs makes us wonder if these could be factors—even if only in a minor way,” she says. “Another thing we see here in Alberta and we don’t know why it happens is calves that slough their feet when they enter the feedlot. We wonder if this is another blood vessel pathology (interrupting blood circulation to the feet) caused by the virus. This is something else we are working on in our research,” she explains. BVD not only affects cattle, but also alpacas and other camelid species, and causes abortion in sheep. The fact that it can affect so many species indicates that this is a very versatile virus. This complicates the picture when trying to prevent BVD. It’s difficult to protect livestock, since it is almost impossible to keep a closed herd—especially a feedlot. Many dairies control BVD by keeping a closed herd, raising their own replacement heifers and breeding all females AI. This is not a feasible option for most of the beef industry, however. Even if you raise your own heifers you usually purchase bulls. Many ranchers buy heifers or a few cows now and then when trying to

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


expand their herds—and don’t always know the history on those animals. And once you bring BVD to your herd, it can be difficult to get rid of. It’s wise to buy only animals that have been tested and found negative. We don’t see as much GI tract involvement today as in the past, simply because many people vaccinate their cattle now. Diarrhea was a more common manifestation in naïve herds that had no immunity. “This is when we saw the acute outbreaks,” says Warren. “There also some weird things this virus does. There are certain strains that affect cattle in different ways. In eastern Canada we’ve seen bone marrow abnormalities, and the cattle had bleeding disorders. I haven’t seen much of this in western Canada. BVD seems more associated with respiratory disease here. There are different strains of the virus that cause different diseases. This makes it tough to get a handle on what’s

happening,” she explains. Most other diseases of cattle are easier to diagnose because they tend to have characteristic signs. BVD, by contrast, can be the cause of any disease. If it has hindered the immune system, it could be the reason your cattle are sick with other diseases. The way cattle are transported around the country today, a strain that might have originally been primarily in one geographic region could show up in another part of the country. “Most cattle veterinarians consider BVD virus one of the biggest health problems for cattle. Many researchers are working on it, but this is a tough virus to understand. It doesn’t always translate into something you can identify on the production end of things, or know how best to protect the cattle,” says Warren. It’s difficult to create a fool-proof vaccine because of the way this virus can change. Currently there are vaccines against two major strains. Researchers

at the University of Calgary are working on other strains. Many viruses have the ability to mutate and change. This is part of the way that they replicate, and a survival tactic; it allows them to avoid attacks from the animals’ immune systems. “We end up with a small group of the virus that can survive the immune system’s defenses and then we get a new manifestation of disease from that virus. This is an inherent variability that’s useful for survival of the virus. The way it looks in one disease outbreak may be different from how it looks in another. It can be frustrating for stockman, especially when they think they might have BVD under control and then it surfaces in a different form,” she says. All too often cattle producers think that if there’s a vaccine for a certain disease, cattle can be vaccinated and then they are safe. It isn’t always that simple, especially with BVD.

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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Environmental Concerns with Grazing BY AMANDA A. GUMBERT, UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY


ith the many challenges of managing an agriculture operation, environmental concerns often fall low on the priority list. However, incorporating a few key practices can help ensure animal health, improve soil resources, and protect water quality. In addition, these practices can be included in a KY Agriculture Water Quality Plan and help farmers comply with environmental regulations. The KY Agriculture Water Quality Act was passed in 1994 and states that all farms that are 10 acres or more in size need to develop and implement a KY Agriculture Water Quality Plan. Agriculture Water Quality Plans consist of specific best

management practices (BMPs) that will be utilized on the farm to protect water quality. These BMPs also make good agronomic sense for the farm, and in some cases may already be part of a sound farm management plan. Here are some examples of Ag Water Quality Plan BMPs that should be incorporated into your operation:

Livestock BMP#1: Planned Grazing System This practice is also known as rotational grazing. By utilizing rotational grazing, animals are provided with adequate forage to meet their nutritional needs without overgrazing pastures. When pastures are overgrazed, bare soil is susceptible to erosion and compaction.

Furthermore, overgrazed pastures can result in muddy conditions during the winter months. This mud creates problems for the producer as well as a challenge for animals.

Livestock BMP#3: Riparian Area Protection Riparian areas are also known as streamside buffers. These buffers protect water quality by reducing erosion on stream banks and capturing manure and soil in runoff. Riparian areas can also reduce gulley erosion that causes the loss

of pasture areas. These areas can be fenced to exclude livestock as part of a rotational grazing system.

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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association


Fencing, with Alternative Water Systems When livestock have full access to streams and other water bodies, they create water quality problems by loafing in these areas. Mud and manure can degrade water resources, and contaminate livestock drinking water sources. By fencing streams and providing an alternative water source, animals have access to clean

water (which results in better health and weight gain) while protecting water quality.

Livestock BMP#11: Nutrient Management Managing nutrients on the farm are an essential component to protecting water quality. If manures or commercial fertilizers are applied to crop fields on the farm, a nutrient management plan must be developed


and followed as part of the Ag Water Quality Plan. A nutrient management plan ensures crop needs are met without the loss of nutrients to surface or ground water. Excess nutrients in water bodies can cause problems for municipal drinking water systems, degrade aquatic habitats, and cause harmful algal blooms, which can adversely affect livestock. To develop an Ag Water Quality

Plan, visit or contact your local Conservation District or Cooperative Extension Service office. For more information on how to incorporate these and other best management practices into your operation, see the following publications (available online or from your local Cooperative Extension Service office).



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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Center of the Dairy Universe Melissa Hart



t’s funny how your view can change in a week. A week ago, I was sitting on a green bench in a metal building at a county fair watching cows parade through a ring over sand. And today as I write this, I’m sitting in a cushioned chair, in a big arena watching hundreds of cows parade over purple shavings at the biggest dairy show on earth, World Dairy Expo. All roads lead to Madison, Wisconsin for the spectacle we call World Dairy Expo. There are a zillion cows, really only 2300 some…and there are two zillion booths filled with agricultural expertise

and I think that number is pretty accurate. Visitors from foreign countries number in the thousands to see the quality of cattle that is unmatched anywhere in the world.

just how good they were as I stood in the bottom of the class. The next few ventures out to the show were with children, one year with an infant who slept all the time,

My first visit to World Dairy Expo was drastically different than this visit. In 1984, I traveled to the cheese state with a group of students from Michigan State University and I didn’t know any of them. I was in awe at how many cows there were 30 years ago and that hasn’t changed, I’m still in awe. My next trek to “Expo” was after I graduated and I took a pair of heifers I thought were pretty good. I found out

then with a two year old who kept me busy the entire time and then with a couple of teenagers who made it their goal to collect every freebie keychain, lanyard, pen, magnet and piece of candy on the grounds. Today the children are at home milking the cows making it possible for me to be ringside taking pictures and reporting on the show while drinking copious amounts of coffee and eating at least three grilled cheese sandwiches a day.

World Dairy Expo is the mecca of dairy for five days, but it would never be possible without those men and women dedicated to dairying seven days a week, 365 days a year on their individual farms that are truly the center of their dairy universe.

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The theme this year is “Center of the Dairy Universe” and I don’t think there has ever been a more appropriate theme and yet inappropriate at the same time. For five days, Madison, Wisconsin is the center of everything dairy. Purebred, commercial, Holstein or colored breed, mega dairy or 20 cows, World Dairy Expo has an attraction for any dairy enthusiast. Yet, arguably, the center of the dairy universe is really the barn that’s lit up on the dirt road where a father and a daughter milk their herd after a day of work on the farm. And the center of the dairy universe are the farms that never shut the parlor down, milking hundreds of cows three times a day. And the center of the dairy universe are the brothers fixing the tractor so they can go chop a load of feed. Yes, World Dairy Expo is the mecca of dairy for five days, but it would never be possible without those men and women dedicated to dairying seven days a week, 365 days a year on their individual farms that are truly the center of their dairy universe.

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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association






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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Terry Pohlman United Producersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Commodity Marketing Solutions helps manage risk and boost success of farm.

Five Basic Principles Increase Soil Health BY CHAD ELLIS


Front Row (L-R): Dawn, Evyn, Curtis, Rylee and Terry Pohlman

Terry Pohlman grew up on a farm raising crops and livestock with his dad and brother. After working off the farm, he started his own farm. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I started with nothing, got a loan and have been operating ever since,â&#x20AC;? said Pohlman. Pohlman took advantage of UPI services to help his farm thrive. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I can market my livestock, get a loan and hedge my cattle all under one roof. It really works well.â&#x20AC;? Over time Pohlman became more aggressive using several Commodity Marketing Solutions risk management services. â&#x20AC;&#x153;At first I was intimidated, but once I overcame a learning curve, I became more confident in expanding the products I was using. Other companies do not have the trading options and futures like UPI.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;I especially like using the Feeders Preference contracts, because it gives you a little wiggle room. Having UPI carry the margin calls and provide this service has helped me manage my risk and protect my operation,â&#x20AC;? said Pohlman.

Location: Delphos, Ohio (Van Wert County) Type of operation: Corn, soybeans, wheat, alfalfa and cattle Farm Size: Feeds 450 head of cattle a year Years as a producer: 25 years UPI member since: The late-1980s UPI services used: Livestock marketing, credit and risk management

Pohlman also uses UPIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Credit Services and livestock marketing. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The credit staff is knowledgeable and understands the livestock business and why I need the money for my farm. My loan officer comes to my house, and I get personal interaction.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;UPI has a good pool of people to source cattle, coordinate trucking, and negotiate pricing on my behalf. When the cattle walk off the truck, they are how UPI says they will be,â&#x20AC;? Pohlman said. UPI has the farmerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s best interests in mind and is not trying to line their own pockets.â&#x20AC;?


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re you a cattle manager, a grass manager or a soil manager? Many cattlemen view livestock as their base crop through the sale of beef. Others view grass as their base crop. While management of breeding, vaccinations and marketing is important, all livestock need forage to produce pounds of beef. This forage is, in turn, heavily

accomplished by employing five principles. â&#x20AC;˘Armor the soil. â&#x20AC;˘Minimize soil disturbance. â&#x20AC;˘Increase plant diversity. â&#x20AC;˘Keep living roots in the ground all year. â&#x20AC;˘Integrate livestock grazing.

Armor the soil Bare ground is enemy number one and is detrimental because

The most important factor in grazing systems is to allow adequate rest for the plant to recover before being grazed again. dependent on the health of the soil. Consequently, the management of soil health, specifically the biological components, is of vital importance to producers as it is the dynamic resource that supports plant life. As managers, we often focus on managing the aboveground production in our pastures while paying little attention to what happens belowground. Microbial action in the soil builds natural fertility that increases plant production. Sound grazing management is the art of capturing sunlight and water while recycling the aboveground parts of the plant through livestock. The animal eats a portion of the plant which is then deposited as urine and manure. The remainder of the plant is trampled into the ground to begin decomposition into the soil. This feeds the soil microbes that in return feed the plant. The manure, plant organic matter and carbon dioxide captured from the air by the plant combine to build a carbon bank in the soil that holds water and nutrients for plant use. Building soil health can be

increased soil temperatures caused by the lack of soil cover can decrease and even kill biological activity. Once soil temperatures reach 140 degrees Fahrenheit, soil bacteria die. The soil must be covered to minimize bare ground; this is accomplished by forage and crop residue.

Minimize soil disturbance Physical soil disturbance such as plowing and overgrazing can result in bare ground and compacted soils that disrupt soil microbial activity. Incorporating reduced tillage methods in cropping systems and proper grazing management in pastures will keep soil covered.

Increase plant diversity Increasing plant diversity aboveground allows for a more diverse underground community. Specific soil microbes require specific plant types. The more diverse the microbial population in the soil, the better the forage will respond, due to increased biological activity.

Keep living roots in the ground

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

FEATURE systems.

all year Soils are most productive when soil microbes have access to living plant material. A living root provides a food source for beneficial bacteria and promotes the symbiotic relationship between plant roots and mycorrhizal fungi. This is aided by increased plant diversity, which can be achieved by incorporating cover crops into your pasture and crop

Integrate livestock grazing Grasses evolved under grazing pressure. Soil and plant health is improved by grazing, which recycles nutrients through improved manure distribution, reduces plant selectivity and increases plant diversity. The most important factor in grazing systems is to allow adequate rest for the plant to recover before being

grazed again. The primary goal of a rancher should be to improve soil health. As more grass is grown, more organic matter is available to recycle into the soil for feeding microbes. This captures and holds more water and nutrients, growing more and larger plants that can gather more sunlight to power the process. This constant recycling is dependent on the animal and your knowledge of managing

grass growth. The health of our landscapes and soil health are interdependent. Our landâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s condition is characterized by the functioning of both the soil and the plant communities. Following these five principles will allow the site production, health of the soil, and mineral and water cycles to greatly improve, resulting in an increase of forage production and animal production.

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Manure Scoring Determines Supplementation Needs BY ROBERT WELLS


y October, winter is just a few pages away on the calendar. With the change in season and forages entering dormancy comes the need to pay closer attention to your supplementation strategy to ensure cows do not lose body condition. The perennial question of “How can you keep a cow from losing condition without overfeeding her?” can be answered fairly accurately by looking at the manure pat. When combined with other estimates such as forage availability and quality, a diet can be quickly changed to meet the cow’s nutrient requirements rather than waiting for body condition to fall low enough that the producer will notice a change. Manure scoring

When combined with other estimates such as forage availability and quality, a diet can be quickly changed to meet the cow’s nutrient requirements rather than waiting for body condition to fall low enough that the producer will notice a change. can indicate the quality of nutrition a cow has had in the past one to three days, while body condition score will indicate the nutritional history of the past several weeks to months.

Manure is scored on a 1 to 5 basis, with a score of 1 being very fluid and 5 being extremely dry and segmented. The next few paragraphs will detail each score and associated

diet quality. Reference photographs have been included with approximate levels of dietary protein and energy (TDN) listed. A manure score of 1 is of cream

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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


soup consistency. It can indicate a sick animal or a highly digestible ration that contains excess protein, carbohydrates or minerals, and low fiber. The addition of hay will slow down the rate of passage and thicken the manure. Manure that will score a 2 doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t stack; the pat is usually less than 1 inch thick and will lack consistent form. This manure has the consistency of cake batter. Excess protein, carbohydrates and low fiber characterize the diets that produce this manure. Rate of passage is very high, and adding hay to this diet will slow it down to allow for more absorption in the intestinal tract. Manure score 3 is ideal and will typically start to take on a normal pat form. The consistency will be similar to thick pancake batter. It

will exhibit a slight divot in the middle. The pat will be deeper than a score 2 pat, but will not stack. This diet is not lacking nutritionally, yet is not in excess for the cow and her physiological stage. Score 4 manure is thick and starting to become somewhat deeper, yet is not stacking. The consistency of the manure will be equivalent to peanut butter. This manure indicates a lack of degradable rumen protein, excess low quality fiber or not enough carbohydrates in the diet. Supplementation of additional protein with high rumen-degradable protein can increase total diet digestibility. Cottonseed meal and soybean meal are excellent sources of this type of protein. The highest and least desirable score is 5. This manure is firm and

stacks over 2 inches in height. It will also have clearly defined segments and is very dry. This manure indicates the cow is eating a poor quality forage diet that is inadequate for protein and carbohydrates, and high in low quality fiber. Rate of passage has slowed down to the point that excess water has been reabsorbed in the intestines. The rancher will need to consider additional supplementation to meet the cowâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s protein and energy requirements. Cattle have to be in good health for manure scoring to be accurate. Manure scoring is a valuable tool to determine the quality of nutrition the cow has recently consumed and can be used effectively to adjust supplementation to prevent loss of body condition.

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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association



UK to Host Early Bird Meetings BY KATIE PRATT


rain crop producers can get a jump on planning for next year’s growing season by attending one of the early bird meetings organized by specialists in the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Specialists will review challenges and issues of the 2013 growing season and offer suggestions for better management in 2014. Meetings are scheduled for Nov. 18 at the Union County Extension office in Morganfield, Nov. 19 at the Sedalia Restaurant in Graves County and Nov. 20 at the Christian County Extension office in Hopkinsville. All meetings begin at 8:30 a.m. CST. Topics this year include diseases

and fungicide resistance, insecticide seed treatments and new bugs, keeping bin-bursting grain in good condition, weed control, methods

The meeting concludes with lunch at 12:30 p.m. provided by the Kentucky Corn Growers Association, Kentucky Soybean Board and the

for avoiding nitrogen losses in 2014 and land rent affordability when considering corn prices.

Kentucky Small Grain Growers Association. Certified Crop Advisers can

Topics this year include diseases and fungicide resistance, insecticide seed treatments and new bugs, keeping binbursting grain in good condition, weed control, methods for avoiding nitrogen losses in 2014 and land rent affordability when considering corn prices.

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receive 3.0 continuing education units in the following categories: 1.5 in integrated pest management and 0.5 in crop management, nutrient management and professional development. Pesticide applicators can receive one general and one specific hour credits in categories 1A, 1B, 4, 10, 12 and 14. For more information, visit the UK Grain Crops Extension website at GrainCrops/Briefs/EarlyBird2013. html or contact the following UK Cooperative Extension agents for agriculture and natural resources: Rankin Powell in Union County at 270-952-2092, Trent Murdock in Graves County at 270-247-2334 or Jay Stone in Christian County at 270-886-6328.


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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Hoops For Hay



f you’re in the market for hay storage, there’s a relatively new option to consider: the hoop barn, a steelframed, fabric-covered building. Hoop barns have become popular as livestock housing on hog farms and dairies. Now, hay growers like Rich Domask are utilizing these low-cost structures, too. Domask, Iola, WI, grows 200 acres of hay, baling it in big square bales. He had his 30 × 54’ hoop barn built four or five years ago to help hold the quality of the hay he sells to dairies. “Anytime you keep it under a roof, it’s better-quality hay. I thought, costwise, that the hoop barn was the best option for us because we already had a cement floor. All we did was have poles put on the sides and the roof put on,” he says. When investigating the costs of any storage structure, first consider what you may have or can do to keep costs down, says Gordon Groover, an ag economist with Virginia Cooperative Extension. Groover has studied the economics of hoop barns vs. pole or post-frame buildings. “The hoop barn’s big advantage is the cost itself,” he says. “But farmers in the eastern half of the U.S. may have timber on their farms. They’ve got neighbors with portable saw mills and if they can trade lumber for sawing it up, then the cost of the pole barn gets pretty cheap.” Growers should also figure out how many tons of storage they may need.


Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

FEATURE In Groover’s 2003 study, he determined annual storage costs for a 40 × 80 × 25’ hoop barn at $1,874 or $15.61/ton as compared to $2,210 or $18.41/ton for a 24 × 72 × 17’ pole barn. He assumed 120 tons of storage for both types of structures. But in part because of its domed roof, the hoop barn offers a range of 100-300 tons of possible storage; the pole barn, 100-200. “Estimating storage space depends on the density of the hay, how tight we tighten down equipment and how much the hay weighs. Small changes in the diameter or density of a bale can make tremendous differences in the storage capacity of a structure,” he says. “If you are putting bales up under ideal conditions and moisture levels, you can store a lot more than if you aren’t.” Under Groover’s assumptions, the hoop barn has the advantage. “But it depends on how much you store and the kind of storage package, small round vs. large round bales vs. large or small rectangular bales. And the equipment — would it be capable of handling bales in these structures?” If a grower doesn’t have and won’t consider buying a loader that can stack bales to make use of a hoop barn’s domed ceiling, that type of building may not have much of an advantage, he adds. A grower who sells hay quickly out of a storage structure, to the point where he would be filling it multiple times, can cut fixed costs drastically, Groover says. “If it cost me $15/ton based on 120 tons and I move 220 tons through that structure, then my cost per ton of storage is nearly cut in half.” The hoop barn isn’t without fault. If a grower wants to segregate hay by quality, a pole barn may be a better option. Hay in hoop barns can only be accessed from the ends of the barn. Maintenance on a hoop barn includes regularly checking the tension on the fabric walls and, once in a while, patching a fabric rip or tear. Domask says he’s had no upkeep problems. “I’ve been very satisfied with it. It’s the most economical way we could have gone and it helps with the sale of our product,” he adds.

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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cowherd Nutrition: A Long Term Investment BY CATHY BANDYK, QLF


ANGUS MEANS BUSINESS. A reliable business partner is difficult to come by. At the American Angus Association®, a team of skilled Regional Managers can guide your operation toward success. Contact Chuck Grove to locate Angus genetics, select marketing options tailored to your needs, and to access Association programs and services. Put the business breed to work for you.

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ou know those TV commercials for all the nifty little products that make you ask “Why didn’t I think of that?” And the characteristic narration that accompanies them? Well, I’m going to ask you to set your internal reading voice to your most commanding tone, because . . . The role of cow nutrition in beef cow/calf enterprises appears pretty straightforward. If momma is fed well enough, she will cycle and breed on schedule. Once she gives birth, the quantity and quality of feed available to her will support (or not) her genetic potential for milk production. Since the key driver of profitability is pounds of calf weaned, and that is largely determined by number of calves, calf age, and milk production, we can measure the returns on nutritional investments in these areas.

At the recent AFIA Liquid Feed Symposium, NDSU’s Dr. Kimberly Vonnahme was asked to address the topic of fetal programming. She defined programming as “the process through which a stimulus or insult establishes a permanent response.” The significant word here is permanent. In the case of the brood cow, we are beginning to better understand how nutrition during pregnancy can have life-long impacts on the calf she is carrying, potentially to the detriment of its performance and productivity. Most of us were taught in some basic introduction to genetics that phenotype (what we see in the actual animal) is driven by genotype (the genetics inherited from parents) plus environment. The concept of fetal programming simply extends ‘environment’ to include conditions in

the womb. That really makes sense when you think about how much of a calf ’s total life is actually spent in utero. Vonnahme’s presentation reviewed ongoing research in animals and humans that has highlighted some key principles in fetal programming, as well as insight into some of the underlying mechanisms. • Different organs and tissues develop at specific times during pregnancy, and have corresponding periods of vulnerability to suboptimal conditions; •The placenta plays a key role in programming; •Developmental compensations triggered by uterine stress or deficiencies often carry a price in other areas.

As an example, Vonnahme showed a slide of cows in two very different environments: grazing a lush green pasture, and out on very arid, rocky range. If the second group is not adequately supplemented, the message reaching their unborn calves is that life is going to be nutritionally challenging. As a result, their digestive tracts develop differently. And, since this will of necessity utilize resources (such as specific nutrients) that otherwise would have been used in development of another less biologically critical, but possibly economically important, area, these calves enter the world with a reduced potential for profitable production. More specifically, inadequate cow nutrition can actually lead to reorganization of organ cellular structure, altered cell numbers and organization, and changes in which genes are read and expressed. That may sound pretty abstract, but the results can be readily seen in the growth, efficiency, carcasses, and reproductive performance of offspring. All of these certainly carry economic implications.

But wait! There’s more… Dr. Vonnahme pointed out that this field of study is now more properly referred to as ‘Developmental Programming.’ That’s because calves continue some areas of basic development after birth. So a cow’s plane of nutrition during late gestation and early lactation drives more than just the number of calories available via milk for calf growth. For example, cow mineral nutrition is directly tied to calf mineral status, which in turn impacts development . . . and their health and performance.

But wait! There’s more…. Initial work done with rodents shows that the dam may not be solely responsible for developmental programming. Males exposed to various stressors sired offspring whose fetal development was negatively impacted. Similar work in livestock in largely lacking, but chances are that bull nutrition prior to breeding can have at least some impact on his genetic contribution to the mating. It is clear that developmental programming is important to animal health and productivity. The environment we help create in the uterus has measurable impacts on essentially every economically important attribute: Growth and nutrient transfer; Reproductive capacity; Aging and lifetime productivity. The presentation closed with a quick rundown of anticipated future research direction. Focus will be on identifying critical time periods for supplementation, the importance of specific nutrients, the role of maternal efficiencies and maternal age, and factors that impact uterine and placental blood flow and mammary gland development. So wait! There’s more to come….

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


NCBA Kicks Off 2013 Fall Membership Drive

Join in the Partnership, Engage in the Process and Protect your Legacy


his coming year, Congress will address many legislative issues that directly affect cattlemen and women including border security, international trade and the continually increasing number of environmental regulations. As the country’s oldest and largest organization representing the cattle industry, the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) has a strong voice in Washington, D.C. and a great opportunity to represent the forceful, unified influence of America’s beef producers. NCBA is urging more cattle producers to join in this fight. According to NCBA Policy Division Chair Philip Ellis, a fifth-generation rancher from Chugwater, Wyo., it is NCBA’s producers that give us the strength to

advocate effectively in Washington D.C. “This year’s membership drive f o c u s i n g o n partnership, process and legacy hits the mark,” said Ellis. “As cattlemen and women our legacy of growth, profitability and sustainability for future generations is key. And we are calling on all producers to not only join, but engage in the grassroots process to keep our industry strong. As cattle producers, we need to be engaged at the legislative and regulatory levels, but we also have to fight against groups like the

Humane Society of the United States, that are actively working to put us out of business.” Ellis said while we made great progress this past year, the year ahead continues to hold challenges for the cattle industry. “We had a number of successes in this past year; thanks to our strong membership base, we were able to keep federal inspectors on the job during the furlough and we were able to keep HSUS out of the farm bill” according to Ellis. “But as we look to this next year, we expect Congress to

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discuss border security and the Trans Pacific Partnership, all while keeping an eye on overzealous federal regulation. My NCBA membership keeps me at the forefront of all of these issues.” Your NCBA membership not only helps support our efforts in Washington, D.C., but comes with great benefits including a one liter bottle of Dectomax® pour-on from Zoetis, and discounts from New Holland Agriculture, Roper and Stetson boots and apparel, John Deere, Cabela’s and Caterpillar. You will also receive a subscription to National Cattlemen and correspondence and updates from Washington. For complete information and to join visit or call 1-866-BEEFUSA (1-866-233-3872).



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“Building Something Special” Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Matt Jackson

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inter annuals can be useful in helping provide an extended grazing season. On farms where row crops are grown, winter annuals can allow use of cropland all 12 months of the year while providing a cover for the soil during winter. The combination of crop residues and fall growth of annual crops can allow livestock grazing to be extended well into the winter months. Brassicas (including turnips, rape, kale, and swedes) are excellent, highly productive, digestible forbs that contain relatively high levels of crude protein. Animals will readily consume the tops and will also grub

the root bulbs out of the ground. Dry matter yield depends upon soil type, fertility, time of seeding, and precipitation. Brassicas should not comprise more than three quarters of cattle diets because of their low dry matter and low fiber content. Therefore, it is important to provide adjacent pasture, corn stalks, or a palatable dry hay fed free choice to cattle when grazing these crops to decrease the incidence

of diarrhea. It is also desirable to introduce cattle to brassicas slowly by limit grazing for a few hours per day until their digestive systems are accustomed to them. Brassica crops can cause animal health disorders if not grazed properly. Most brassica related disorders in cattle tend to occur during the first two weeks of grazing. The main disorders are polioencephalomalcia, hemolytic anemia (mainly with kale), nitrate poisoning, and pulmonary emphysema. Other possible clinical disorders include bloat, and metabolic problems such as goiter and hypothyroidism. Glucosinates present in brassicas are also precursors of irritants that can cause colic and diarrhea. Large bulbs may also cause choke. Certain brassicas (rape) can cause sunburn (scald) on lightskinned animals, especially if

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it is grazed while the plants are immature. Other potential problems include oxalate poisoning, and also

taint of meat and milk. A brief description of the main disorders may be found below. Polioencephalomalacia (PEM) is a brain disorder characterized by blindness, aimless wandering, lack of coordination, and twitching of ears,

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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


eyes, and skin which may develop in some cattle after a week or more of eating brassicas (usually turnip forages). Other clinical signs may include circling and convulsions. This disorder is thought to be related to the sulfur content of the plants, and can be exacerbated if the diet includes other high-sulfur feeds or high-sulfur water. However, brassicas can cause PEM by other as yet unknown mechanisms as well. Thiamine can be given as a treatment, but animals often do not respond. A diet of pure brassicas can cause livestock to develop hemolytic anemia . The amino acid compound S-methyl –L-cysteine sulfoxide (SMCO) which accumulates in the plants is unique to this family of forage crops. In the rumen SMCO is converted to dimethyl disulfide that

oxidizes hemoglobin. The defective hemoglobin is detected in the red blood cells that are then removed by the spleen. Hemolysis (rupture of the red blood cell) also occurs as a result of the oxidative damage to the red blood cell membrane that results in hemoglobinuria (red urine). Cattle become progressively weaker and may die from severe anemia unless removed from the plants. Hemolytic anemia is characterized by red urine, pale mucous membranes, and unthrifty appearance. The severity is greatest in cattle fed kale, rape and turnips. Researchers have developed new cultivars with lower quantities of this compound so the threat of hemolytic anemia has been greatly diminished in recent years. Brassica crops may accumulate particularly high concentrations

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of nitrates. Plants absorb nitrates from the soil and generally convert them rapidly to other nitrogenous compounds. Nitrates accumulate in the soil during periods of drought and are taken up by plants in large amounts when the drought ends. Overcast conditions also favor plant storage of nitrates, while in bright sunlight, nitrates are converted to amino acids and proteins. The main importance of nitrates is as a source of nitrites, which are formed in the rumen after ingestion of the nitrate. Absorbed nitrites combine with hemoglobin in the blood to form methemoglobin, which is incapable of transporting oxygen. The clinical signs associated with nitrite poisoning include gasping and rapid respiration, a rapid heart rate, muscle tremors and weakness.


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In severe cases membranes appear chocolate-colored, and eventually cyanotic in appearance due to the high blood methemoglobin content. Death can occur within a few hours of eating nitrate-rich plants, although it is more usual for a few days to elapse before signs appear. Abortion is often seen after severe nitrate poisoning. Cattle given sudden access to turnip fields following relatively dry, high roughage diets may develop acute respiratory distress syndrome. Pulmonary emphysema causes rapid, difficult breathing accompanied by a grunt on expiration. Affected animals stand with extended heads, dilated nostrils, and open mouths with protruding tongues. Death may Contʼd on page 53

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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

FEATURE Contʼd from page 51 occur within two days. Surviving animals have a slow recovery over several weeks. Green turnip tops are a rich source of tryptophan that is converted in the rumen to 3-methyl indole which ultimately damages the lungs. The toxicity of the turnip tops is markedly reduced after they have been frozen. Brassicas can cause a variety of other problems as well. Accumulation of calcium and potassium can reduce the availability of magnesium to animals, resulting in hypomagnesemia or “grass tetany”. Bloat can also occur when grazing rape or turnips. All brassicas but especially turnips contain glucosinolates which are chemicals that prevent the uptake of iodine by the thyroid gland resulting in hypothyroidism and goiter. Goiter can occur in all animals grazing brassicas, but is more of a concern with sheep and goats. Brassicas can

contain large amounts of oxalate, causing oxalate poisoning and subsequent kidney failure. Some people are genetic “tasters” and can easily taste the bitter phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) chemical in brassicas while to others it is virtually tasteless. The ability to taste PTC is a dominant genetic trait in humans. Producers should take this into consideration when grazing dairy animals or fattening grass fed feeder animals on brassica forage. It is important to graze brassicas after milking to avoid milk taint. Odor and flavor problems have been reduced by selection programs to reduce glucosinolate concentrations in the plants. Although there are many management factors to consider, forage brassicas do provide producers with an excellent, high yielding, high quality forage option at a time when

most cool season grasses are not available. Animal disorders can be avoided by the following management practices: 1. Introduce grazing animals to brassica pastures slowly (over first 5 to 7 days) for just a few hours per day. 2. Don’t turn hungry animals that are not adapted to brassicas into a brassica pasture. Instead, two to three pounds of hay or straw should be fed to each animal each day before grazing. 3. Brassicas should not constitute more than 75 percent of the animal’s diet. A good quality pasture or hay should be offered when grazing brassicas. 4. Feed a high quality trace mineral mix; the salt should be iodized. Consider a high magnesium mineral if grazing early lactation cattle.

5. Reduce the risk of taint in meat and milk products by withholding animals from brassicas for a period of time before milking or before slaughter. Length of time necessary will depend upon the specific species of brassica being grazed or fed. 6. Routinely soil test and fertilize according to the recommendations. Nitrate poisoning has been documented from excessive nitrogen fertilization. 7. Consider measuring sulfur concentrations of the forage before grazing, as well as any other dietary components, especially if also feeding concentrates with distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) or other potentially high-sulfur feeds or water. Gradual adaptation of the rumen microbial population to utilization of sulfur occurs over a 1-3 week period of time and gradually reduces the risk of PEM.

KENTUCKY GELBVIEH ASSOCIATION North American International Livestock Expo: Eastern National Gelbvieh/Balancer Show & Sale Jr. Show-Sunday, November 17 (Time-TBD) Sale-Monday, November 18 @ 2:00 p.m. EST Show-Tuesday, November 19 @ 1:00 p.m. EST

DYER FARMS 2050 Glasgow Road Burkesville, KY 42717 270-864-5909 or 270-864-3310 Bulls- Heifers Available- Black/ Gold Brian- Hall- Barnie- Barry Registered Gelbvieh Craig, Tammy, Tyler & Kolt Bitzer Shelbyville, KY 502-829-9264

Pleasant Meadow Farm Gary, Pat & Carrie Ann Tilghman Daniel, Lindsey & Clayton Jones 690 Lick Branch Road Glasgow, KY 42141 270.678.5695 Ÿ

JM GELBVIEHS Purebred & Percentage Gelbvieh Cattle

Jimmy & Nicholas Marcum Paint Lick, Kentucky 40461 859/925-4159 • 859/582-6180

Clifford Farms Cattle for Sale at all times.

3459 Ky Hwy 1284E Cynthiana, KY 41031 Since 1937

859.234.6956 Black & Gold Gelbviehs

Bray’s Gelbvieh 1568 Bray Ridge Road Bedford, Kentucky 40006 Phone: 502.255.3584 Bar IV Livestock

Full Circle Farms

Barry, Beth & Ben Racke • Brad Racke 7416 Tippenhauer Rd. • Cold Spring, KY 41076

Registered Gelbvieh Cattle Brad Burke 989 Metcalf Mill Rd. • Ewing, KY 41039 (H) 606-267-5609 • (C) 606-782-1367

Phone (859) 635-3832 • Barry cell (859) 991-1992 Brad cell (859) 393-3677 • Ben cell (859) 393-3730 Fax (859) 635-3832 •

Bee Lick Gelbviehs

Kilbourne Gelbvieh

Eddie Reynolds 277 Old Bee Lick Rd. Crab Orchard, KY 40419 606-379-2281(H) 606-305-1972(C) Bulls & Females for sale

East Bernstadt, KY 606-843-6583 cell 606-309-4662

Black Replacement Heifers & Bulls Availble Embryo transplant & AI sired calves

Double-Doc Farm Gelbvieh Cattle Darrell, Beth, Justin & Jessica Johnson 50 Tar Lick Road • Parksville, KY 40464 Farm- (859) 332-2270 Cell- (859) 583-5655

Mockingbird Hill Farm (270) 934-2198 Shane & Felicia Wells Registered Gelbvieh Cattle 10072 Provo Road

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Rochester, KY 42273


YPC Field Day & Christmas Party

YPC Member Spotlight: Kevin Perkins

Boyle/Lincoln County Tour December 7th, 2013 ² Time TBT

Tour Highlights: Burkmann Mills Caverndale Seed Blue Grass South

Christmas Party: Dirty Santa X-Change Get creative and bring a common farm item for this cattle-themed gift exchange.

*Dinner will be provided

Additional details will be available in Cow Country News and on the YPC website: 54



ost young producers we’ve spotlighted in this series have been interested in YPC for the learning and networking opportunities. This month’s YPC spotlight, Kevin Perkins, is interested in the program because he’s excited to bring things to the table. He ages out in just three years, so he’s eager to help new producers stay in and stay successful in the cattle industry. He’s been the farm manager at Taylor Cattle Farm in Crestwood, KY for the past 6 years. Until recently, they’ve run a purebred operation and have hosted sales. They are now transitioning into a commercial herd and have reduced their numbers to 250 momma cows in order to add flexibility to the operation. This is a decision that they feel will make smart decisions easier to make and therefore make them have a more profitable operation. Perkins does everything from tagging to breeding to

Perkins Cattle Company uses half their herd for embryo recipients and the kids love to show. The Perkins family includes (left to right) Kevin, Brenna, Braden and Kimberly. feeding to weeding. “If it relates to the cows, it’s my job,” says Perkins. Perkins is from a 100 acre farm in Pennsylvania and says that although farming isn’t as prominent where he’s from, from the time he was small, he knew this would be his destiny. “I still have a paper from my third grade teacher. The assignment was ‘what do you want to be when you grow up’. Up there people ice fish, hunt and snowmobile. I was the only one in my class that said, A COWBOY!” Perkins can’t get enough of the cattle life. When he comes home from managing Taylor farms, he and his family manage their own farm. Perkins Cattle Co. uses half their herd for embryo recipients for ‘Top End’ Angus in Spencer County in order to help

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

them achieve their goals of rapid genetic improvement. He also shows registered Herefords with 4 year old son, Braden and 6 year old daughter Brenna, both of which have been involved in the cattle industry since birth. “It’s truly a family affair! I couldn’t show without everyone in my family,” says Perkins “My wife doesn’t show, but she helps us every step of the way. “ Perkins is proud of the product of the toils of his family. He has a heifer consigned to the Bluegrass Stakes Sale, at the North American Livestock Expo on November 20 and says she’s the complete package and kid broke to top it off. He also has a cow/calf pair selling in the Kentucky Autumn sale in Mount Sterling on November 23 and says the momma is a three year old with a lot of future and the calf is a great prospect for a herd bull. Perkins enjoys producing quality cattle and is excited to help other young producers do the same. When asked what kind of advice he has for young producers, Perkins replied, “ If you’re going to get into it, be willing to put 100% effort into things. Spend time learning how to do things the right way because in the end, doing it right is how you make money. Take advantage of extension programs, Master Cattlemen’s and so forth. The next step is actually applying the education. Cows still eat grass but a lot of other things in the industry have changed and we need to change with it. Concentrate on genetics but don’t have tunnel vision with just a few traits. Select for things other than just low birth weights and high weaning weights. We need to think about the terminal end –things like feed conversion, herd health, pre weaning, vaccinations….we need to do everything we can do to get these cows to be successful in the feed lots. We are feeding the world here.”

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See one of these authorized Kubota dealerships near you! ASHLAND Davis Equipment Company 2277 Greenup Avenue (606) 324-5533

CRESTWOOD Beard’s Outdoor Power Equipment 6159 West Highway 146 (502) 241-7222

HOPKINSVILLE H & R Agri-Power 4900 Eagle Way Bypass (270) 886-3918

MORGANFIELD H & R Agri-Power 1464 US Highway 60 West (270) 389-1424

SOMERSET Steve Barlow Farm 2131 West Highway 80 (606) 679-3659

AUGUSTA Riverside Tractor & Equipment, LLC 223 Main Street (606) 756-2177

CYNTHIANA Haydon Equipment, Inc. 40 Kentucky Highway 392 (859) 234-4621

LEBANON Lawson Tractor & Implement 846 West Main Street (270) 692-2169

MT. STERLING Amburgey Farm Machinery 530 South Queen Street (859) 498-1113

STANFORD Lawson Tractor & Implement 6829 US Highway 127 (859) 854-3500

BARDSTOWN Joe Hill’s 103 South Salem Drive (502) 348-2532

ELIZABETHTOWN Outdoor Power Source, Inc. 2701 Leitchfield (270) 737-8118

LEXINGTON Central Equipment Company 791 Red Mile Road (859) 253-2611

RICHMOND Northside Equipment 200 Automotive Drive (859) 623-5167

CAMPTON Holbrook Implement Company Mountain Parkway Exit 40 3815 Old Kentucky 15 (606) 668-7261

FLEMINGSBURG Sauer Implement 3742 Maysville Road (606) 849-4853

LOUISVILLE Jacobi Sales 6500 Bardstown Road (502) 231-5500

RUSSELLVILLE H & R Agri-Power 1700 Nashville Street (270) 726-4545

FLORENCE Kubota Tractor of the Tri-State 130 Mount Zion Road (859) 371-7567

MOREHEAD Thompson Tractor 1900 US 60 East (606) 678-6461

SHELBYVILLE Jacobi Sales, Inc. 2220 Shelbyville Road (502) 633-3266

CORBIN Siler Implement Company 6204 Cumberland Falls Highway (606) 528-6481

Kubota Tractor Corporation Markets a Full Line of Tractors and Construction Equipment Through a Nationwide Network of Over 1,000 Authorized Dealers. Optional Equipment may be Shown. ©Kubota Tractor Corporation, 2013

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Young Producers Gather For Educational Tour


oung producers from across the state gathered at Barren River Lake State Resort Park on September 14-15 for some beef education and a little fun. The overnight trip included several stops at farms and beef industry speakers on various topics. After breakfast and a bus ride, Saturday morning started with a tour of Hickory Grove Farm. Hickory Grove is a purebred Angus farm with about

200 acres, 50% of which is wooded.. Veterinarian, Dr. Tim Gardner and farm manager Greg Dotson discussed the use of AI and embryo transfer on the 70 breeding females kept at the farm. Dr. Gardner discussed the process they use to AI their cattle and their embryo transfer program . The next stop on the tour was Red Hill Beef & Pork Farm, a 7th generation family farm. Bart and Sarah Jones raise

cattle, hogs, tobacco and have row crops. They were able to start farming with some land from Bart’s grandfather. Red Hill Farm has Red Angus cattle and

they AI all of their cows. The Jones’ encouraged all of the young producers to get involved, keep good records and not be afraid of changes.

Top left: The group learned more about processing at Downing Beef & Processing Facility. Top middle: Charles Embry talks about the Barren County Beef Group. Top right: Young producers had a great opportunity to learn more about the cattle industry in Kentucky. Here the group posses for a photo. Bottom left: Bart Jones talks to the group at Red Hill Farms. Bottom right: Dr. Tim Gardner talks about the AI process at Hickory Grove Farm.

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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Central States Testing, LLC After a wonderful lunch at CPC Commodities, the group was able to tour the CPC Feed Mill. CPC stores about 20 different commodities at their facility in Fountain Run. On average they mix 500 tons a day with the capability of mixing up to 1500. They work shipping and delivering feed 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. In addition to the feed, they also own about 6400 acres of land and run a lot of cattle research trials. The next stop looked into more of the finished product at Downing Beef and Processing Facility. They process 2 beef a week on site and have a small resale business. They process all natural cattle and have developed a relationship with a restaurant in Nashville that takes around 80 pounds a week. They also grind up much of the scrap for dog food. The day was concluded with a discussion on Cooperative Marketing Strategies by the Barren Beef Group. The Barren Beef Group is made up of 11 members and the average member has between 50 and 100 head. Their group raises like cattle and keep the cattle on similar vaccination schedules until they sell them at around 850 pounds. This group has been very successful and are obviously very proud of their accomplishments. Sunday morning gave all of the participants a great start with a Cowboy Church presented by Dr. Nevil Speer. After getting everyone in the right frame of mind, the group moved on to hear a presentation by the Kentucky Beef Council. This field day gave young producers from across the state a great opportunity to network. The stops on the trip offered many different aspects of the industry and the knowledge and experience learned is priceless. It also gave young producers from across the state a great opportunity to talk and learn from each other. Stay tuned to the Young Producer’s Council page in Cow Country News for upcoming field days and events. Don’t miss the next YPC Field Day and Christmas Party in Boyle and Lincoln County on December 7. Find more information on page 54.


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Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



KJCA Fall Classic RESULTS 2013


he 2013 Kentucky Junior Cattlemen’s & Kentucky Department of Agriculture show was once again a huge success! We would like to thank everyone who came and participated, showed or helped make this another great Fall Classic! We had participants from 20 counties across KY from Logan County all the way to Boone County. The 2nd Annual KJCA Prospect Show went over great with 28 entries of prospect animals. There were 55 youth that participated in the KJCA Fall Classic contests. There were more novice than years past and very competitive junior, intermediate and senior divisions. The KJCA/KDA Female & Bull show had 115 entries and 12 breeds represented at the show. The KJCA & KDA would like to personally thank the Jessamine County Fairgrounds and Rob Amburgey for all his help for the show setup. KJCA would also like to thank the

following sponsors for the 2013 Fall Classic: success -Allen Veterinary Services -Blue Grass Stockyards -Bovine Medical Associates -Boyle County Farm Bureau Federation -Conley Livestock -Donations from KJCA Banquet -Farm Credit Services Mid America -Farmers Feed Mill -Fayette County Cattlemen’s -Grayson County Cattlemen’s -Hardin County Cattlemen’s -Jessamine County Cattlemen’s -Kentucky Association of Electric Cooperative -Kentucky Hereford Association -Kentucky Junior Hereford Association -Kentucky Vet Medical Association Foundation -KY/TN Livestock Market -Logan County Cattlemen’s -Matt Lautner Cattle

-Morehead State University Judging Team & Coaches -Ty McGuire -Cody McConnell -Evan Davis -Caitlin Swartz -Hannah Greenwell -Goodman Family -Walton Family -Sheryl Wingard -Ashley Quiggins -Heath Mineer

-Mercer County Cattlemen’s -Montgomery County Cattlemen’s -Nelson County Cattlemen’s -Shelby County Cattlemen’s -Silent Auction from Fall Classic -Walton Farms -Warren County Cattlemen’s -Washington County Cattlemen’s We would like to thank Fayette County Cattlemen’s, Tim White, David Tucker, Jim Walton and Danny Goodman for helping prepare the Saturday night meal and Sunday banquet dinner. The following judges and helpers that helped out with the KJCA Contests. Their time and commitment to the KJCA/KDA Show & Events during the fall classic are appreciated. It could not be done without your help and support. -John Chism -Katina Cole -Dave Rings -Bonnie Rings -Carey Brown

Also a big thanks to the farms that brought cattle for our judging contest, we appreciate your help: -Milam Cattle Company/Will Blaydes- Limousin heifer class -Trey Tucker/Austin ColeHereford Heifer class -Brooke Cheak- Prospect market class -Akers Cattle- Angus bull class

Participants were working hard during the team fitting contest. 58

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Heath Mineer talks with Addie White during the sales talk.

JUDGING CONTEST NOVICE: 1st- Colby Cooper 2nd- Jacob Whitson 3rd- Warren Whitson 4th- Keaton Walters 5th- Kyleigh Sweeney JUNIOR: 1st- Addie White 2nd- Megan Underwood 3rd- Reba Prather 4th- Ryan Underwood 5th- Alex Walpole INTERMEDIATE: 1st- Will Blaydes 2nd- Andrew Milam 3rd- Emilee Graves 4th- Laurel Culp 5th- Callie Hicks SENIOR: 1st- Austin Cole 2nd- Kelsey Culp 3rd- Kaitlin Fouts 4th- Rod White

Gabrielle Sharp preparing to go into the sales talk with her Piedmontese heifer.




NOVICE 1st- Ashton Johnson 2nd- Konner Walters 3rd- Keaton Walters 4th- Jacob Johnson 5th- Colby Cooper

NOVICE 1st- Ashton Johnson 2nd- Warren Whitson 3rd- Colby Cooper 4th- Keaton Walters 5th- Konner Walters

NOVICE 1st- Warren Whitson 2nd- Kayleigh Sweeney 3rd- Keaton Walters 4th- Konner Walters 5th- Keaton Walters

JUNIOR 1st- Zachary Milam 2nd- Tanner Johnson 3rd- Reba Prather 4th- Addie White 5th- Alex Walpole

JUNIOR 1st- Gabriel Sharp 2nd- Addie White 3rd- Mallory Whitson 4th- Tanner Johnson 5th- Reba Prather

JUNIOR 1st- Gabriel Sharp 2nd- Gabriel Sharp 3rd- Addie White 4th- Reba Prather 5th- Bailey Tarter

INTERMEDIATE 1st- Will Blaydes 2nd- Bradon Burks 3rd- Laurel Culp 4th- Emilee Graves 5th- Andrew Milam

INTERMEDIATE 1st- Laurel Culp 2nd- Andrew Milam 3rd- Bradon Burks 4th- Leslie Craig 5th- Kelby Tucker

INTERMEDIATE 1st- Lindsay Haynes 2nd- Emilee Graves 3rd- Will Blaydes 4th- Bradon Burks 5th- Bradon Burks

SENIOR 1st- Kelsey Culp 2nd- Kaitlin Fouts 3rd- Rod White

SENIOR 1st- Rod White 2nd- John Crouch 3rd- Kelsey Culp 4th- Rod White 5th- John Crouch

SENIOR 1st- Rod White 2nd- Kaitlin Fouts 3rd- Austin Cole 4th- Kelsey Culp 5th- John Crouch

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association





NOVICE 1st- Warren Whitson 2nd- Colby Cooper 3rd- Keaton Walters 4th- Kayleigh Sweeney 5th- Konner Walters

JUNIOR TEAMS 1st- Team 3- Reba Prather, Bailey Tarter, Addie White & Kayleigh Sweeney 2nd- Team 2- McKensie Walters, Keaton Walters, Konner Walters & Warren Whitson 3rd- Team 1- Tanner Johnson, Alex Walpole, Mallory Whitson & Ryan Underwood

JUNIOR 1st- Addie White 2nd- MacKensie Walters 3rd- Zachary Milam 4th- Reba Prather 5th- Bailey Tarter INTERMEDIATE 1st- Kelby Tucker 2nd- Laurel Culp 3rd- Bradii Walton 4th- Takoda Walton 5th- Will Blaydes SENIOR 1st- Kaitlin Fouts 2nd- John Crouch 3rd- Kelsey Culp 4th- Rod White

INTERMEDIATE TEAMS 1st- Team 1- Megan Underwood, Shelby Johnson, Leslie Craig & Gabriel Sharp 2nd- Team 2- Bradii Walton, Takoda Walton, Kelby Tucker & Trey Tucker SENIOR 1st- Team 2- Laurel Culp, Kelsey Culp, Calli Hicks & Will Blaydes 2nd- Team 1- Kaitlin Fouts, Carter Mobley & Brooke Cheak 3rd- Team 3- Austin Cole, Andrew Milam, Zach Milam & Rod White

SHOWMANSHIP JUNIOR 1st- Brooke Cheak 2nd- Ryan Underwood 3rd- Mallory Whitson 4th- Kailey Thompson 5th- Zachary Milam

INTERMEDIATE 1st- Laurel Culp 2nd- Andrew Milam 3rd- Will Blaydes 4th- Jacob Graves 5th- Lindsay Haynes SENIOR 1st- Kelsey Culp 2nd- Kaitlin Fouts 3rd- John Crouch 4th- Austin Cole 5th- Rod White

Above: Bonnie Rings listens during one of the novice sales talk presentations. Far left: Mackensie Walters and her Hereford heifer. Left: The Cooper family getting ready for the show. Below: Will Blaydes preparing his heifer for show.


Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association


Senior Individual Overall Winners

Junior Individual Overall Winners

Intermediate Individual Overall Winners

Novice Individual Overall

HIGH INDIVIDUALS OVERALL SENIOR: 1st- Kelsey Culp 2nd- Kaitlin Fouts 3rd- Rod White 4th- Austin Cole 5th- John Crouch

JUNIOR: 1st- Addie White 2nd- Gabriel Sharp 3rd- Reba Prather 4th- Zachary Milam 5th- Mallory Whitson 6th- Mackensie Walters 7th- Bailey Tarter 8th- Ryan Underwood 9th- Alex Walpole 10th- Tanner Johnson

INTERMEDIATE: 1st- Laurel Culp 2nd- Will Blaydes 3rd- Andrew Milam 4th- Kelby Tucker 5th- Bradon Burks 6th- Emilee Graves 7th- Callie Hicks 8th- Trey Tucker 9th- Leslie Craig 10th- Shelby Johnson

NOVICE: 1st- Warren Whitson 2nd- Keaton Walters 3rd- Konner Walters 4th- Kayleigh Sweeney 5th- Colby Cooper

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association



First Place Novice Photography - Warren Whitson

First Place Junior Photography - Gabriel Sharp

First Place Intermediate Photography - Lindsay Haynes

First Place Senior Photography - Rod White


Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

OMB #0581-0152

Beef Promotion and Research Program Private Treaty Sales Checkoff Investment Form Provided for in the Beef Promotion and Research Order Section 1260.172, paragraph (2) assessments: Any producer marketing the cattle of that producer’s own production in the form of beef or beef products to consumers, either directly or through retail or wholesale outlets, or for export purposes, shall remit to a qualified state beef council or to the Board an assessment on such cattle at the rate of one dollar ($1) per head of cattle or the equivalent thereof.

Date________________ Sellers Name_________________ Address______________________ City/State/Zip________________ Seller Signature_____________

Buyers Name_______________________ Address____________________________ City/State/Zip_______________________ Buyers Signature___________________

Both the seller and the buyer have the responsibility to have the $1 per head assessment collected and remitted to the qualified state beef council. This form is designed for the seller to use in private treaty sales.

Total Number of Cattle Sold_________ X $1 per head=$_____________ Date of Sale_____________________________________________________ State of Person remitting assessment Seller_______ Buyer_________ State of Origin of Cattle__________________________________________ Brand Inspection Number (if Applicable)__________________________ Send Form & Remittance to: Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association, 176 Pasadena Drive, Lexington, KY 40503 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1.8 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the form. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspects of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing the burden, to Dept. of Agriculture, Clearance Officer, STOP 7602, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W. Washington, 20250-7602. When replying refer to the OMB Number (OMB #0581-0152) and Form Number in your letter. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, no persons are required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a valid OMB control number. The U.S. Dept. of Agriculture prohibits discrimination in its programs on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, and martial or familial status. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audio tape, etc.) should contact the USDA Office of Communications at (202) 720-5881 (voice) or (202) 720-7808 (TDD). To file a complaint, write to the Secretary of Agriculture, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250 or call (202) 720-7327 (voice) or (202) 720-1127 (TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity employer.

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Kentucky Hereford Association

KHA Invites any Hereford Breeder to Become a Member! Dues are $25. Send to 2396 Union City Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 KHA Officers Bluegrass Stakes Hereford Sale

November 20, 2013 @ 3PM Ÿ New Market Hall Ÿ Louisville, KY NAILE Hereford Show November 21, 2013 ŸKY Expo Center Ÿ Louisville, KY

KY Hereford Autumn Purebred & Hereford Influenced Sale November 23, 2013 Ÿ Chenault Agricultural Center Ÿ Mt Sterling, KY KY Hereford-influenced Feeder Calf Sale December 4, 2013 Ÿ Bluegrass South Stockyards Ÿ Stanford, KY Contact person: Lowell Atwood 606-669-1455

President: Tony Staples President-elect: Robert Botkin Secretary/ Treasurer: Earlene Thomas Elm Tree Farm, LLC 859-623-5734 Jody Huckabay 566 Hume-Bedford Road • Paris, P i KY 40361 6 61 Visit our website at Office: (859) 987-4856 • Cell: (859) 983-2272 •

Wells Farm

Polled Herefords 439 Flatwoods Frozen Camp Road • Corbin, KY 40701 Kevin, Angela, Bobby & Brenda Wells Kenlea & Kyler Murray 606-523-0569 - Home 606-528-1691 - Home 606-344-0417 - Cell 606-682-8143 - Cell

Polled Hereford and Gelbvieh Cattle 3459 KY Hwy. 1284 E. Cythiana, KY 41031 (859) 234-6956 Ben, Jane, Shelby and Lincoln

------- M -------

Masters Herefords 383 Walker Parke Road Richmond, KY 40475 Frenus & Donna Masters Home: 859-623-3077 • Cell 859-582-7487

Underwood Farms Registered Polled Herefords VitaFerm Dealer Doug & Darrelyn Underwood 1883 Old Mac Road • Campbellsville, KY 42718

(270) 789-7788

Thomas Farm

Eric & Ronnie Thomas 2396 Union City Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 623-5734 • Eric’s Cell (859) 314-8256 “Cattle for sale at all times”


Registered Polled Herefords Bulls & Females for sale Tim & Peggy Wolf 12939 Peach Grove Rd. Alexandria, KY 41001 (859) 635-0899

Boyd Beef Cattle 5754 US 62 • Mayslick, KY 41055 606-763-6688 • 763-6497 • 763-6418 Annual Bull Sale second Saturday in March Hereford and Angus Bulls

TK4 Herefords Tony & Kathy Staples 2880 Fairgrounds Rd. Brandenburg, KY 40108 270-422-4220

ROSECREST FARM 1276 Winchester Road Paris, KY 40361 H. Charles Miller Office: 859-987-7500 Cell 859-953-1125

MPH Farms

WCN Polled Herefords Since 1961

Registered Polled Herefords Monty G. Hancock 7300 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4118

Bill & Libby Norris 2220 Celina Road Burkesville, KY 42717 Phone (270) 433-7256 Cell (270) 433-1525 “Every calf needs a white face”

Paul L. Hankcock 8559 KY 56 O wensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4194

Chambliss Hereford Farms Brad, Carla, Clay and Clint Chambliss 916 Winchester Blvd. • Elizabethtown, KY 42701 Home (270) 982-3905 • Cell (270) 668-7126 fax 270-735-9922

Sweet T Farm

Pete & Gayla Szak 1040 Hick Hardy Rd. Cynthiana, KY (859) 484-2265

Bulls • Heifers • Show Calves

Pile Stock Farm

Registered Polled Herefords


Hansell Pile, Jr. & Hans Branham 12045 St. John Rd. Cecilia, KY 42724 Phone (270) 862-4462

TS TS Tucker Stock Farms F F


“Registered Angus and Polled Herefords”

John Tucker II 1790 Hidden Valley Lane Hudson, KY 40145 270-617-0301

Highway 1357 or St. John Rd. - 12 miles West of Elizabethtown or Leave KY. 86 at Howevalley Go North 2 miles

“Bulls always for Sale”

Peyton’s Well Polled Herefords The Lowell Atwood Family 133 Edgewood Drive Stanford, KY (606) 365-2520 home/fax (606) 669-1455 cell Victor- influenced cattle bred for performance on grass.

Windy Hills Farm “Breeding Polled Herefords for over 58 Years” Breeding cattle for sale at all times. 1999 Walnut Hill Rd. • Lexington, KY 40515 (859) 271-9086 • cell (859)533-3790

Popplewell’s Herefords

Raising Polled Hereford for over 50 Years

“Black cows need a good Hereford Bull”

BECKLEY HEREFORDS L.W. Beckley D.V.M L. Wayne Beckley 284 Pyrse Lane 1420 Fitchburg Rd. Irvine, KY 40336 Ravenna, KY 40472 Cell: 859-779-1419 Home: 606-723-3021 Clinic: 606-726-0000 Cell: 859-779-0962



Jackie D. Perkins II 367 Mt. Pisgah Rd. • Bremen, KY 42325 270-525-6533 Breeding to produce good cows since 1981.

Registered Hereford & Angus Farm

Service Age Bulls Open and Bred Females For Sale Vince, Tracy & Alex Home (270) 866-4480 1526 Clearfork Rd. Cell (270) 566-1852 Russell Springs, KY 42642

Multi-Trait Multi-Trait Selection Selection

Danny Miller

BBL Beef

Sarah & Bo Layne 866 Capitol Hill Rd. • Fountain Run, KY 42133


Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

270-465-6984 • 270-566-2694

Old Fall Creek Farms AHA & KHA member • Proven bloodlines Private treaty sales • Visitors always welcome 1874 Old Fall Creek Road • Monticello, KY 42633

Reed Bertram 606-348-7486 David Bertram 606-278-3630


Supreme Champion Heifer

Supreme Champion Bull

Supreme Champion Cow/Calf

Will Blaydes - Limousin

Josh Jasper - Angus

Andrew Milam - Limousin

Reserve Supreme Grand Champion Heifer

Reserve Supreme Champion Bull

Reserve Supreme Champion Cow/Calf

Austin Cole - Hereford

Laurel Culp - Chi

McKayla Jeffries - Angus

Heifer Champions & Reserves

Blaydes Reserve- Andrew Milam

Cow/Calf Champions & Reserves

Angus- Champion- Kaitlin Fouts Reserve- Leslie Craig AOB- Champion- Staton Bowman Reserve- Brooke Cheak % AOB- Champion- Randa Morris Reserve- Brooke Cheak Chianina- Champion- Kelsey Culp Reserve- Laurel Culp Commercial- Champion- Bradon Burks Reserve- Laurel Culp Hereford- Champion- Austin Cole Reserve- Austin Cole Limousin- Champion- Will

Maintainer- Champion- Laurel Culp Reserve- Laurel Culp Piedmontese- Champion- Gabriel Sharp Reserve- Gabriel Sharp

Angus- Champion- MaKayla Jeffries Reserve- Josh Jasper Hereford- Champion- Isaac Thompson Limousin- Champion- Andrew Milam

Bull Champions & Reserves Angus- Champion- Josh Jasper Reserve- MaKayla Jeffries Chianina- Champion- Laurel Culp Hereford- Champion- Austin Cole Limousin- Champion- Zachary Milam Reserve- Will Blaydes

Red Angus- Champion- Reba Prather Reserve- Reba Prather Simmental- Champion- Jacob Graves Reserve- Emilee Graves % Simmental- Champion- Emilee Graves Reserve- Morgan Hamilton Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association



KCA Membership Starts Off Strong BY NIKKI WHITAKER he 2014 membership year has officially begun! During one week in October, KCA received over 800 memberships into the office. Since our membership year aligns with our fiscal year starting October 1, it always benefits the member to send your renewal in quickly so that you can

retain the full year’s benefits. This year, the Kentucky Cattlemen’s and McBurney Livestock Equipment have joined together to present a “Cattle Feeding Package” to one lucky member who has renewed or joined before January 1, 2014. Please see page 67 for more details. If you have not renewed for this membership year, you can do so by

Division 1 (151+ MEMBERS)

Division 2 (76-150 MEMBERS) Division 3 (0-75 MEMBERS)


2013 Lincoln Meade Barren Marion Madison Mercer Shelby Logan Washington Jessamine Grayson Adair Hardin Christian Hart Warren Larue Breckinridge

133 86 65 53 52 49 43 38 31 30 30 30 19 16 14 14 13 13

220 184 451 282 234 162 300 271 173 256 235 177 180 214 223 210 225 217

-87 -98 -386 -229 -182 -113 -257 -233 -142 -226 -205 -147 -161 -198 -209 -196 -212 -204

If you need anything for membership, please contact Nikki Whitaker at (859)278-0899 or



2012 Difference

mailing in your renewal to the KCA office or you may pay over the phone by calling 859-278-0899. In addition, paying your membership dues is easier than ever now with our safe and secure online option on our website at www. The membership goal this year is to exceed last year’s total of 9,289 members. With everyone’s help we can achieve this goal!

2012 Difference

Metcalfe Allen Clark Boyle Bath Scott Fayette Bourbon Fleming Purchase Area Caldwell-Lyon Laurel Franklin Daviess Edmonson Mountain Jackson Northern Kentucky Monroe Campbell Garrard Green

48 37 28 27 26 26 26 25 23 22 22 20 20 19 19 18 15 14 13 12 12 11

132 99 138 110 140 112 93 98 118 82 81 102 101 120 99 78 111 123 132 86 77 150

-84 -62 -110 -83 -114 -86 -67 -73 -95 -60 -59 -82 -81 -101 -80 -60 -96 -109 -119 -74 -65 -139

Anderson Northeast Area Ohio Muhlenberg Trimble Henry Casey Harrison

11 11 11 10 9 7 5 5

85 85 84 96 110 150 145 116

-74 -74 -73 -86 -101 -143 -140 -111

2013 Taylor Louisville Area Woodford Owen Out of State Trigg Rockcastle Crittenden Montgomery Highlands Estill Russell Wayne Todd Whitley Pulaski Hopkins Simpson Oldham Grant Webster Livingston Calloway Mason Nelson Hancock Nicholas Twin Lakes Clay Union Bullitt

20 20 17 16 16 12 12 12 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 9 9 8 7 7 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

Division 3 (CONTINUED)

2012 Difference 67 52 54 65 61 64 53 37 52 41 37 63 61 58 52 41 33 30 62 56 51 30 21 72 67 47 47 46 33 31 27

-47 -32 -37 -49 -45 -52 -41 -25 -41 -30 -26 -53 -51 -48 -42 -32 -24 -22 -55 -49 -44 -23 -14 -66 -61 -41 -41 -40 -27 -25 -21

2013 Menifee 6 Bracken 6 Henderson 5 Robertson 5 Magoffin 5 Butler 4 Pendleton 3 Clinton-Cumberland3 Carroll 3 McLean 2 River Hills 2 Knox 2 Eastern Foothills 2 Powell 1 Pike 0 Lewis 0 Gallatin 0 McCreary 0 Harlan 0 Bell 0

2012 Difference 21 21 23 23 15 31 50 35 35 17 10 6 4 11 4 3 2 2 1 0

-15 -15 -18 -18 -10 -27 -47 -32 -32 -15 -8 -4 -2 -10 -4 -3 -2 -2 -1 0

TOTALS AS OF: OCTOBER 11, 2013 1637 9289 -7652

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

1 y r a u n a by J A C K Join attle C s i h t to win ge a k c a P Feeding The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association is partnering with McBurney Livestock Equipment to award one lucky KCA member with a Cattle Feeding Package that will include two Bextra West bale feeders, two feed bunks and two MIRACO waterers.

“THE PROVEN ORIGINAL” See Us At Time tested...our patented designs have been used in the industry for over 45 years. Science Review The heavy, rugged construction original workingFarm chute is designed for livestock and operator safety. It can be customized to meetSept. your needs. 17-19 NEW! Hydraulic Kits now available to upgrade your current system! “DESIGNED FOR CATTLEMEN BY CATTLEMEN” BUILT T! TO LAS

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By joining or renewing your membership before January 1, 2014 you are automatically entered in to win the Cattle Feeding Package. One lucky winner will be drawn at random during the 2014 KCA Convention and Trade Show held at the Lexington Convention Center, January 16-18. Now is the time to join or renew your membership! Join online, by phone or by mail and be a part of this wonderful incentive!

ŸComplete Vertical with sides110 allow cattle moveUnit. intoHydraulic chute easily and stand or 220 ACto Power Head Sweep, inHydraulic a relaxed, natural position. Headgate, Hydraulic Tailgate & Hydraulic Squeeze Ÿ Automatically to isany size animal as chuteto isthe industry Pearson Livestockadjusts Systems committed to bringing new and innovative products. The new hydraulic kit was developed squeezed. to upgrade the 10 yearor orexcessive newer Pearson manual chute to a hydraulic Ÿ No climbing sides slipping. chute. From that project came the Rancher Series. The Rancher Series Ÿ Neck panels are hinged and swing out for safe access. models cost several thousands less! SAME proven Pearson design, Ÿ Wingquality gatesand aredurability. hinged forThe quick, easy opening and required optimumto SAME difference is less labor safety andthe removable forthe larger opening. Double wingChute. manufacture Rancher vs Pearson Original Hydraulic branding! MANUAL CHUTE Ravailable A N C H Efor R H YDRAULIC Ÿ Side boards S TAand RT milking. I N G AT $1 0 ,are 5removable 0 0 for foot work Ÿ Diamond-plate steel fl oor improves traction $ 3 ,and 9increases 00 COMPLETE + safety. F R E I G H T + Starting FREIGH Ÿ Cattle Chutes atT$3,900





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Chris McBurney 1160 Mt. Gilead Rd. New Castle, KY 40050


Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



KBN is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund

MAG-60 Marketing Success Dan Miller

----------------KBN Industry Coordinator


he MAG-60 program seems to be one of the most popular KBN programs the past couple of years. The program has been very successful in introducing the method of artificial insemination to 156 producers across the state. The goal of the program was to breed 12,000 females over the course of four breeding seasons. After those four seasons we have bred a little over 13,000 cows, well over the original goal, and I constantly get questions from producers about wanting to breed more females. However, as of the spring of 2013, breeding females as part of this

program has ended. All efforts with this program have now turned to marketing the calves that are the result of the breeding. The first breeding season was the fall of 2011. These calves were sold this summer through various marketing avenues. We were blessed to have experienced a strong market while these calves were being sold and we did receive a premium for the MAG-60 calves. The average premium program wide was about $0.08/lb higher than the market average for that given week. For a 700 lb steer this equates to an additional $56 for that animal. This means that the producers in the fall 2011 group made an additional premium of over $45,000 by participating in the MAG-60 program! But where it really gets impressive is when you consider the value of the heifers that were retained into Kentucky herds. If the average value of those heifers is estimated at $950 for the 136 heifers that were retained you

CPH 45 Sale Dates December 2013 December 2, Steers & Heifers, Guthrie December 5, Steers & Heifers, Owensboro December 10, Steers & Heifers, Paris December 10, Steers & Heifers, Richmond December 11, Steers & Heifers, Lexington January 2014 January 27, Steers & Heifers, Guthrie January 29, Steers & Heifers, Lexington February 2014 February 6, Steers & Heifers, Owensboro March 2014 March 19, Steers & Heifers, Lexington


would come up with $129,200 worth of retained inventory! So for just the first breeding season alone, the MAG-60 program has generated $175,000 worth of added value for Kentucky producers! So moving forward it is likely that we will only see these numbers go up. The first breeding season was one of the smallest groups with around 2,600 head being artificially inseminated. The remaining three breeding seasons include over 10,000 head of cattle! With more calves to market, we should be able to put together larger lots of

calves that are more uniform is size, color, and condition. With these larger lots we can only expect the premiums to increase. It will be exciting to see what the overall impact of the MAG-60 program will be for beef producers in Kentucky.

Below: Number of cattle bred for the entire MAG-60 program

KBN Field Associates BEN LLOYD


Whitesville, KY

Paris, KY PH 859-221-1217

Phone: 270-993-1074



PH 606-669-8557

Lawrenceburg, KY PH 859-749-7788



Winchester, KY

Flemingsburg, KY

Ph: 606-205-6143

PH 606-209-1391

Crab Orchard, KY

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association


Eden Shale Farm Update Becky Thompson

----------------Director of Kentucky Beef Network


ctober was a busy month for us at Eden Shale! I’m pleased to announce that Dow AgroSciences is our first Eden Shale industry partner, see page 75 for the official press release for more details about our partnership with them. I’ve

KBN staff signed a contract with Dow AgroSciences for their work together at Eden Shale Farm.

This information was talked about at the Weed Field Days held at Eden Shale Farm. Continue to watch this page for upcoming field days! So far 2013 has surprised all of us. It seemed when the rain came in March, it decided to hang out the rest of the summer leading into fall. Nonetheless we needed the moisture but along with that came a different management style for weed control in our pastures and hayfields. The added moisture left producers with fields full of buttercup, henbit, and thistle. Buttercup is a winter annual weed, which germinates as seedlings in the fall

included some highlights of the farm activity this month along with a note from Jeff Clark our Kentucky Dow AgroSciences representative about what weeds you should be looking for in your pastures this fall and how you need to treat them. September 21- KBN and Dow AgroSciences hosted the first of a two part “Getting to know your weeds field day” where we focused on Weed Identification with Dr. Tim Phillips from the University of Kentucky and Scott Flynn with Dow AgroSciences. The theme of the day focused on teaching farmers how to properly identify the weeds in their pastures so they would know how they needed to treat them successfully. Participants also left with the message that by addressing weeds in their pastures it allows them to increase the amount of palatable forages for their cows and calves which yields more pounds of gain and revenue back to their pockets. October 4- The District 3 Kentucky Extension Agents came to the farm to discuss our plans for Eden Shale and how we could work together on future events and demonstrations. The agents had several ideas on topics for learning sessions along with expressing

their excitement to utilize Eden Shale demonstrations as an enhancement to field days and activities in their counties. October 9- The calves received their booster vaccinations and were weaned from the cows. We did fence line weaning for about seven days before the cows were moved across the farm. Ten days later both the cows and calves are thriving, and since weaning the calves are getting a transition feed that palatable and will help boost their immune system. Since screening by the sales committee, vet, and farm management staff our ten bred heifers are ready for the “Top of the Crop” sale in Richmond on October 22. October 15- Each year Dow AgroSciences invites weed and forage extension specialists from across the fescue belt to the Pasture Summit. This year the Pasture Summit was held in Lexington and part of their conference was to tour Eden Shale. We spoke to 41 weed and forage extension specialists from AR, KS, MS, FL, MS, VA, AL, TN, and KY about the activity of the farm, our partnership with Dow and the University of Kentucky along with the future direction of the farm. This group was very excited about the demonstrations we have in place and anxious to utilize some of the learning

tools and videos that will enhance each demonstration. October 16- Our partnership with Dow AgroSciences presented us with a unique and fun opportunity this month, which was to host a film crew for the

months growing into its full vegetative/ reproductive state in the winter months, February-March. At flowering the weed produces a distinct yellow flower, usually displaying 5 petioles. Henbit is a winter annual or biennial weed, which germinates as seedlings in the fall months, and flowers in FebruaryMarch. Henbit has a fibrous taproot displaying either green or purple color stems and can also be known as Dead-nettle and be a pasture nuisance. Thistle, a biennial or perennial weed and creates problems in moist soils. Thistles are typically in a rosette stage laid close to the ground during the fall and will erect or “bolt” upward in late

spring, flowering in late spring early summer. A fall herbicide application is a the most proactive management in weed control you can do for winter annual weeds and thistles. Dow AgroSciences offers ForeFront HL and Chaparral, which are two herbicides that can assist you. ForeFront HL herbicide be proactive on winter annual weeds, but will also deliver you a residual within your soil incase Mother Nature doesn’t let you in the field this spring. Chaparral gives you a proactive stance against winter annuals, along with a slightly longer soil residual. Contact Dow AgroSciences or your local Dow AgroSciences dealer to see

which program best suites your needs. Remember being proactive with weeds in your fields is creating a good management attitude. Just as we manage our cattle we need to manage our pasture they depend on with the same strong mindset. Till next time, Happy Trails and Success!

Becky Thompson and Dan Miller get ready for their debut on RFD TV during their “Out on the Land” segment. show “Out on the Land” which airs on RFD-TV. Dow is a presenting sponsor for “Out on the Land” and wanted to feature their partnership with KBN along with highlighting all of the activity along with the opportunities Eden Shale presented to farmers in Kentucky and the fescue belt.

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Jeff Clark Range & Pasture Specialist Dow AgroSciences LLC 615-295-9620


KBC Current Events


Promotion: Arby’s Smokehouse Brisket Sandwich Promotion: The Beef Checkoff Program has partnered with Arby’s Restaurant Group, Inc. to generate consumer excitement around Arby’s® new Smokehouse Brisket sandwich, the chain’s first-ever brisket product. After extensive consumer research showed a strong interest in smoked foods – particularly smoked meats and cheeses – Arby’s selected Beef Brisket as the centerpiece of its new limited-time offer. The sandwich is available from September through November. The Beef Checkoff Program is supporting the limited time offer with both merchandising and social media activity.

Great Summer Cookouts with your Family and Friends! Beef… its what’s for dinner !

Education: St. Martha’s School Health Fair: KBC participated in the St. Martha’s School Health Fair in Louisville. Over 430 students, ranging in age from Pre-K to 8th grade, participated in the fair during the school day. KBC hosted 5 booth areas including Calorie Salary, Portion Control, MyPlate Trivia, MyPlate Bingo, and Mixed Dish Mysteries. Students were engaged in how to maintain and a control a healthy diet with beef.

Kroger Plus Coupon

$1 OFF any package of Beef Steaks

Kroger Plus Coupon

$1 OFF any package of Beef Steaks

Valid 7/1/13 – 7/31/13

Valid 8/1/13 – 9/3/13

Purchase requirement must be met. Purchase is after all discounts are applied and excludes Alcohol, Tobacco Products, Fuel, Gift Cards, Taxes, Prescriptions and Customer Care Center Services. See Store for complete list. Limit ONE Per Customer with Coupon. Void if Reproduced, Transferred or where Taxed, Prohibited or Restricted by Law. DO NOT DOUBLE. Must use Kroger Plus Card for discount. Coupon valid only at Mid South Division locations. Digitally duplicated coupons are not accepted unless noted.

Purchase requirement must be met. Purchase is after all discounts are applied and excludes Alcohol, Tobacco Products, Fuel, Gift Cards, Taxes, Prescriptions and Customer Care Center Services. See Store for complete list. Limit ONE Per Customer with Coupon. Void if Reproduced, Transferred or where Taxed, Prohibited or Restricted by Law. DO NOT DOUBLE. Must use Kroger Plus Card for discount. Coupon valid only at Mid South Division locations. Digitally duplicated coupons are not accepted unless noted.

�������� �������

Kroger Plus Coupon

$1 OFF any package of Beef Steaks

�������� �������

Kroger Plus Coupon

$1 OFF any package of Beef Steaks

Valid thru 5/31/13

Valid 6/1/13 – 6/30/13

Purchase requirement must be met. Purchase is after all discounts are applied and excludes Alcohol, Tobacco Products, Fuel, Gift Cards, Taxes, Prescriptions and Customer Care Center Services. See Store for complete list. Limit ONE Per Customer with Coupon. Void if Reproduced, Transferred or where Taxed, Prohibited or Restricted by Law. DO NOT DOUBLE. Must use Kroger Plus Card for discount. Coupon valid only at Mid South Division locations. Digitally duplicated coupons are not accepted unless noted.

Purchase requirement must be met. Purchase is after all discounts are applied and excludes Alcohol, Tobacco Products, Fuel, Gift Cards, Taxes, Prescriptions and Customer Care Center Services. See Store for complete list. Limit ONE Per Customer with Coupon. Void if Reproduced, Transferred or where Taxed, Prohibited or Restricted by Law. DO NOT DOUBLE. Must use Kroger Plus Card for discount. Coupon valid only at Mid South Division locations. Digitally duplicated coupons are not accepted unless noted.

�������� �������

�������� �������

Industry: Partners in Action Conference: KBC’s

Education: Spencer County Elementary Field Day: Promotion: Kroger Coupon Promotion:

Caitlin Swartz traveled to Denver to participate in NCBA’s Partners in Action meeting. This meeting discussed the trends that our target audiences, millennials and more specifically millennial parents, are shifting towards and how to better accommodate their needs. Interestingly, millennials are phasing out traditional forms of media (TV, print, and radio) and moving towards more digital forms of media.

KBC participated in the Spencer County Elementary Field Day, on October 4th. Over 1,500 kids ranging from kindergarten to fifth grade were in attendance. Kids played MyPlate Trivia, and learned about the importance of balancing a healthy plate with a healthy and active lifestyle.


Kroger Mid South Division and KBC teamed up to promote beef through couponing during the summer grilling months. Approximately 54,025 coupon fliers with four-$1 off coupons were mailed out prior to Memorial Day. According to Kroger, there was between a 3-6% redemption rate on each coupon with about 10% of households redeeming at least 1 coupon. This is just one way KBC works with retailers to promote more beef.

Like Kentucky Beef Council on Facebook and follow us on Twitter for updates, recipes and giveaways! KBC is now on Pinterest! Follow our boards for the latest and greatest beef dishes. 70

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


BQA Tip of The Month Wild Mushroom Beef Stew

True or False: If we treat an animal with a medication and we do not see the expected recovery, we should consult a veterinarian to determine if there could be drug residues present and how to best manage that animal.

2 pounds beef Stew Meat, cut into 1-inch pieces 1/4 cup all-purpose flour 1 teaspoon salt 1/2 teaspoon pepper 1/2 teaspoon dried thyme leaves, crushed 3/4 cup ready-to-serve beef broth 1/4 cup tomato paste 1/4 cup dry red wine 2 cloves garlic, minced 1 pound red-skinned potatoes (1-1/2-inch diameter), cut into quarters 8 ounces assorted mushrooms, such as shiitake, cremini and oyster, cut into quarters 1 cup baby carrots Fresh parsley (optional)

True. If an animal is sick, its kidneys and/or liver may not be working like they would if it were healthy therefore you need to work with your veterinarian to determine how long to wait before the medication is cleared from the animal.

Makes 6 servings

To learn more about the Beef Quality Assurance Program, visit

Events November 1 What’s For Dinner Wednesday Taping, Lexington 4 KY Restaurant Association Board Meeting, Louisville


Logan, Butler, Simpson and Warren meeting, Logan County


American Heart Association, Go Red for Women, Lexington


Combine flour, salt, pepper and thyme in small bowl. Place beef in 4-1/2 to 5-1/2-quart slow cooker. Sprinkle with flour mixture; toss to coat.


Combine broth, tomato paste, wine and garlic in small bowl; mix well. Add to beef. Add potatoes, mushrooms and carrots; mix well.


Cover and cook on HIGH 5 to 6 hours, or on LOW 8 to 9 hours, or until beef and vegetables are tender. (No stirring is necessary during cooking) Stir well before serving. Garnish with parsley, if desired.

Black Friday is quickly approaching and we’re sure there are more than a few of you who already have the day planned out. But have you thought about when you’ll eat? You’ve more than likely got a plan for waking up when it’s still dark to hit the early sales or you’re going to sleep in (tryptophan hangover?) and head out to the stores in the afternoon. No matter which route you choose, a slow cooker may be your best friend when it comes to finding time to eat amongst all the shopping deals and steals. Heading out to shop mid-day? Put Wild Mushroom Beef Stew in the slow cooker and while you’re out gathering %’s off, your dinner will be making itself 100% ready to consume!

11 13 14 21

Dash and Dine on FOX 41, Louisville KCA Leadership Class Media Training, Lexington ABC 36 Noon Show, Lexington KY Restaurant Association’s Day at the Races Food Show, Louisville


Nebraska Youth Beef Leadership Symposium, University of Nebraska-Lincoln


Applied Master Cattleman End Product, Lexington

Reminders Do you know an outstanding student between the ages of 13-20, that would be a great representative for Kentucky’s cattle industry? KBC is revamping the Beef Ambassador competition, and we would love to hear from great students!

Total recipe time: High Setting: 6-1/2 hours; Low Setting: 9-1/2 hours

Courtesy The Beef Checkoff

For more information, please contact Caitlin Swartz or Hannah Greenwell at 859-278-0899 or via email at or Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


2014 Kentucky Beef Ambassador Program Application Name: _________________________________________________ Address: ________________________________________________

Do you love the beef industry, cash, and great prizes!

City: ______________________ State: ____________ Zip:__________ Phone (Cell):__________________

County: _________________

School: _________________________________________________

Are you between the ages of 13-19?

Email: ___________________________________________________ Age: _______

Date of Birth: _______________________________

Youth Organizations Involved In: _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________

Please send application to: Kentucky Beef Council ATTN: Beef Ambassadors 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503 Once received, you will receive your binder and issues response article to the address you provide on your application.


Apply for the Kentucky Beef Ambassador Contest 2014. If you are interested in more information, please contact Caitlin Swartz at 859-278-0899 or by email at

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

Roy, Jessica and Cooper Canada 600 Cumberland Drive • Morehead, KY 40351 859-227-7323 rac

Swain Select Simmental 12113 Green Valley Dr. • Louisville, KY 40243 • Fred & Phyllis 502-245-3866 502-599-4560

Chi & Angie 502-477-9727 502-287-2116

Kentucky Simmental Officers

Judy and Rondal Dawson 1156 Buzzard Roost Road Shelbyville, KY 40065 502-593-5136

Kentucky Simmental Officers President: Derek Tingle 502-845-2589 Vice Pres: Johnny Moore 270-434-4616 Secretary: Tonya Phillips 606-584-2579

KENTUCKY SIMMENTAL ASSOCIATION Call or visit one of these Simmental breeders for cattle that work! • Send application to: Tonya Phillips, 102 Burgess Ct., Georgetown, KY 40324 • Membership Fee is $25.00

MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION NAME ____________________________________ FARM NAME________________________________________________ ADDRESS______________________________________________CITY_________________STATE_________ ZIP______


Graves Grandview Simmental Farm Timothy Graves 560 Rudd Lane Springfield, KY 40069 (859) 481-3954 •

Wayward Hill Farm

1939 Huntertown Road Versailles, KY 40383 Chris Allen Bulls for Sale Dr. Henry Allen 859-351-4486 859-229-0755

PHONE (BUSINESS)_______________________________ (HOME)___________________________________________

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


For a directory of our members contact: Kentucky Charolais Association: 4430 Bloomfield Rd Bardstown, KY 40004

Hayden Farm 4430 Bloomfield Rd. Bardstown, KY 40004 James Hayden *Fall 2010 Charolais National Cattle Evaluation

Kentucky Charolais Association Contact Rob Amburgey, KCA President for further information at 859-885-7883

Masters Charolais Farm Charlie & Rose Ann Masters 3850 Helena Road Mayslick, KY 41055 (606) 849-4969

Steve Kelly

Jan Kelly

Shanna Kelly

Kyle Kelly

1250 New Liberty Turnpike • New Liberty, KY 40355 Phone (502) 463-2935 • Cell (502) 750-1552 email:

Kemper Charolais Farms Bob Kemper 502-641-4211

2000 Hwy. 127 N Owenton, KY 40359

Floyd’s Charolais

2039 Nina Ridge Road Lancaster, KY 40444 Home (859)792-2956 • Cell(859)339-2653


Amburgey Charolais Farm Polled Breeding Since 1966 Robert Amburgey, Jr. 3171 Camargo Rd. • Mt. Sterling, KY 40353 859/ 498-2764 (Home) 859/ 404-3751 (Mobile)

Red River Valley Farm

1442 Lillies Ferry Road Winchester, KY 40391 (859) 744-8909 CHISM JOHN • MARSHA • WES • NICK

S & K Farms Charolais

Home: Office: Mobile: 502-349-0128 502-349-0005 502-507-4984

Jimmy & Linda Evans 960 Vallandingham Road Dry Ridge, KY 41035 859/ 428-2740

Cox Charolais

1194 Smith Ridge Road • Campbellsville, KY 42718 270-465-7584 (H) 270-403-4562 Bulls & Select Heifers for Sale

Montgomery Charolais Darby Montgomery 36 Thompson Road • Lancaster, KY 40444 (859) 339-3922 BULLS FOR SALE

Lee & Candy Sullivan Paris, KY


Quality Charolais Cattle in the Heart of the Bluegrass

Allison Charolais John Allison 545 Eminence Road New Castle, KY 40050

502-845-2806 502-220-3170

Bulls & Heifers For Sale at the Farm

J.M. LANE BULLS FOR SALE Lane Farms Charolais 7860 Troy Pike Versailles, KY 40383 Cell (859) 312-7606

Double T Farms Matthew Trowbridge 34 Linda Lou Lane Science Hill, KY 42553 606-669-2753

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Kyle Trowbridge P O Box 672 Nancy, KY 42544 606-669-9169

NEWS RELEASES The Kentucky Beef Network, LLC is a non-profit company whose purpose is to help all 38,000 cattlemen in Kentucky have the opportunity to improve animal health, genetics, forages, and marketing opportunities by enhancing producer profitability through programs and services they offer.



he Kentucky Beef Network, LLC is pleased to announce Dow AgroSciences has agreed to become an Eden Shale Farm and Learning Center industry partner. The Eden Shale Farm and Learning Center in Owenton, KY is under management by the Kentucky Beef Network (KBN). KBN intends to focus farm activities on production driven demonstrations and practical learning opportunities that will enable farmers to have a hands-on experience. Establishing Eden Shale as a learning center for farmers enables KBN to engage industry partners who bring new technologies, products, and best management practices to begin new production driven demonstrations. Industry partners can also expand their interactions at the farm to include using it as a sales tool and training center for staff, dealers, and customers.



he U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has issued the Veterinary Biological License for Viralign 6®, the first combination modified-live virus (MLV ) vaccine to provide targeted protection against bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) virus 1b — the most predominant BVD virus strain in the United States.1 Marketed by Elanco, Viralign 6 also provides protection against BVD viral

strains 1a and 2, bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV ), infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) virus and parainfluenza3 (PI3) virus. This first-of-its-kind vaccine enables low-volume, subcutaneous administration in cattle 5 months of age or older. Viralign 6 is available in convenient 10-dose and 50-dose packages through veterinarians and animal-health distributors. See the product label for more information or contact your Elanco sales representative or technical consultant, or visit About Elanco Elanco is a global, innovation-driven company that develops and markets products to improve animal health and protein production in more than 75 countries. Elanco employs more than 2,500 people worldwide, with offices in more than 40 countries, and is a division of Eli Lilly and Company, a leading global pharmaceutical corporation. Additional information about Elanco is available at


The Burley Tobacco Growers Cooperative Association is now receiving tobacco at Vaughan Tobacco Company in Lexington

We have competitive prices! No deductions on small bales
























































































Farmer friendly

Call the BTGCA for an appointment at 859-252-3561






























Feeder cattle were steady to $2 higher this week. Calves traded from steady to $2 higher. Market cows were steady to $1 higher. — Troy Applehans

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

For questions please call Jeff Vice at 859-619-8836 75




Oct. 30 Governor’s Office of Ag Policy Conference Oct. 31 KY Beef Conference, Fayette County Extension Office Dec. 7 YPC Field Day & Christmas Party, See ad on pg. 54 Jan. 16-18 KCA Convention & Ag Industry Trade Show, Lexington Convention Center & Hyatt Hotel, See ad on pg. 48 Feb. 4-7 NCBA Conventions and Trade Show, Nashville, KY, See ad on pg. 32

Nov. 1-2 GENETRUST @ Chimney Rock Cattle Co., Concord, AR Brangus & Ultrablack Bull Sale & Commercial Female Sale, See ad on pg. 67 Nov. 2 Central KY Premier Heifer Sale, Lebanon, KY Nov. 4 BCLIA Elite Bred Heifer Sale, Paris Stockyards, Paris, KY Nov. 9 Buffalo Trace Herd Builder Beef Heifer Sale, Blue Grass Stockyards Maysville, See ad on pg. 42 Nov. 23 West KY Select Bred Heifer Sale, KY, TN Livestock Market, Guthrie, KY, See ad on pg. 8 Nov. 23 Green River Area Bred Heifer Sale, Owensboro, KY, See ad on pg. 12 Nov. 23 Good Girls Sale, United Producers, Bowling Green, KY, See ad on pg 44 Nov. 23 2nd Annual Leachman Bull Sale, Blue Grass Stockyards, Lexington, KY, See ad on pg. 37 Nov. 30 Breeding for the Future Bull & Female Sale, Rockfield, KY, See ad on pg. 23 Dec. 6 Knoll Crest Farm Performance Bull Sale, Red House, VA, See ad on pg. 11 Dec. 7 GENETRUST @ Cavender’s Neches River Ranch, Jacksonville, TX, Reg. Brangus & Ultrablack & Charolais Bull Sale & Commercial Female Sale Dec. 7 Next Step Cattle Company Bull Sale, Auburn, AL, See ad on pg. 27

Angus Nov. 2 CKAA Fall Heifer Sale, Danville, KY, See ad on pg. 33 Nov. 2 Decades of Excellence Sale, Unionville, TN Nov. 15 ZWT Ranch Annual Production Sale, Crossville, TN Nov. 30 HammerHead Cattle Company, Central KY Angus Pavilion, Danville, KY, See ad on pg. 2 Dec. 2 Stevenson’s Diamond Dot Cattle Company, Hobson, MT, See ad on pg. 26 Dec. 6 Bluegrass Invitational Angus Female Sale, Chenault Ag Center, Mt. Sterling, See ad on pg. 21 Dec. 7 December to Remember, Pleasant HIll Farms, Rockfield, KY, See ad on pg. 80 Jan. 25 CKAA 50th Annual Winter Sale, CKAA Sales Pavilion, Danville, KY


Simmental Nov. 9 Gibbs Farms Annual Bull & Replacement Female Sale, Ranburne, AL, See ad on pg. 61 Nov. 17 The Living Legacy IX, Reality Farms, Campbellsburg, KY, See ad on pg. 24 Dec. 7 Next Step Cattle Company Bull Sale, Auburn, AL, See ad on pg. 27

Nov. 9 C-Cross Cattle Company Fall Bull & Female Sale, Biscoe, NC Nov. 18 NAILE Showcase Gelbvieh & Balancer Sale, Louisville, KY


Call us today to list your sale!

Oct. 26 Debter Hereford Bull Sale, Horton, AL Nov. 2 Burns Farms Bull & Commercial Female Sale, Pikeville, TN Nov. 8 & 9 Grandview/CMR Herefords Dispersal Sale, Como, MS Nov. 23 KY Hereford Autumn Purebred & Hereford Influenced Sale, Mt. Sterling, KY, See ad on pg. 15

Contact Leanna or Carey at 859-278-0899 or email


KING BEE CATTLE Dan Engle 290 Clines Road • Science Hill, KY 42553 home: 606/423-2971 • cell: 606/875-0076

The Balanced Breed DIAMOND J SALERS Donald Johnson 11660 N. Hwy 1247 • Eubank, KY 42564 606/379-1558

DEL-SU FARM Howard & Sue Edwards 420 Rose Road • Somerset, KY 42501 606/679-1675 76

KONOW FARMS Joe, Chad, & Corey Konow 4170 Robey Bethel Grove Road Franklin, KY 42134 270/586-8780

WILLIS FARMS • Danny Willis 964 Johnson Rd • Frankfort, KY 40601 502/803-5011 • Matt Craig, Farm Mgr. 502-604-0821

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cow Country Classifieds To place a Classified call 859/278-0899

Moore’s Meat Processing Plant Since 1977 • Complete on the farm slaughtering. • Custom cutting, wrapping and freezing. 380 Crossfield Drive Versailles, KY 40383

859-873-7004 “34 Years in the Business” PERFORMANCE TESTED PUREBRED ANGUS BULLS FOR SALE Call 270/202-7186 for more info or check out for current availability.

ANGUS & CHAROLAIS BULLS Compliance quality Angus & Charolais bulls for lease. $350. $100 pasture walk. McCrory Farms, Benton, KY 270-527-3767

FOR SALE Fall yearling Polled Hereford bulls Good selection. Low birthweight, medium frame. JMS Polled Herefords, Knifley, KY 270-465-6984

CALL TODAY TO PLACE YOUR AD Call and ask for Leanna or Carey to place your classified for as little at $15!

AD INDEX Accelerated Genetics 35 Akers Farm 30 AmeriAg 45 American Angus Assn. 46 American Gelbvieh Association Insert Arnett’s Trailer Sales 36 Biozyme 5 Blitz Builders 17 Bluegrass Invitatational Angus Sale 21 Breeding for the Future Sale 23 Buffalo Trace Herd Builder Sale 42 Burkmann Feeds 26 Burley Tobacco Growers Coop 75 CPC Commodities 8 Cattlesoft 46 Caudill Seed 33 Central States Testing 57 Clements Ag Supply 7

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William McIntosh American Gelbvieh Association Georgetown, KY (502) 867-3132

For assistance in marketing or purchasing Gelbvieh, Balancer ® or Southern Balancer ® bulls, females and feeder cattle, contact me. SORTING POLES-PADDLES-FLAGS Poles with your 8" decal $5.20 each per 100. Sorting flags, $10.25. Sorting paddles $9. Kerndt Livestock Products 800-207-3115

ANGUS BULLS For sale or lease. Registered and Commercial. Great genetics. Rand Angus Farm 502-268-5875 or cell 502-639-4085

SALERS Performance tested Purebred and Optimizers. Bulls and Females For Sale at Willis Farms 502-604-0821 or 502-803-5011 HEREFORD, ANGUS & CHAROLAIS BULLS FOR SALE 4 Yearling Hereford Bulls, $1500-$2000. 2 Angus Herd Bulls, $2500. 1 Charolais Bull, $2000. Call Kevin Perkins at 502-269-7189, Shelbyville, KY CowCo Cowherd Equipment Creekview Angus Dievert Sales Service Double C Angus Ellegood Farm Products Genetrust Gold Standard Labs Good Girls Sale GrassWorks Manufacturing, LLC Green River Area Heifer Sale Hammer Head Cattle Co. Hayes Trailer Sales Hudson Pines Knoll Crest Farms Kubota Kuhn KY Angus KY Charolais

34 40 34 33 34 17 31 79 44 51 12 2 10 24 11 55 39 52 74

205 Industrial Drive, Glasgow, KY 42141 David Pedigo – Owner Email: P: 270-651-8081 F: 270-651-8019 TF: 888-386-1743

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Four Winds Farm New Castle, KY

REGISTERED YEARLING GELBVIEH BULLS Excellent EPD’s. Jason Taylor 270-352-7093 ANGUS HYBRID BULLS FOR SALE 859.326.0590 “WHERE COWMEN BUY BULLS” Cattle for sale at all times. CALL TODAY TO PLACE YOUR AD Call and ask for Leanna or Carey to place your classified for as little at $15! Your ad includes 4 lines plus a headline and will be seen by over 9,000 cattlemen. Call Today!



BULLS FOR SALE Shirel Farms, Tanya Shirel 270-997-0755 BLACK POLLED SIMMENTAL BULLS FOR SALE Most heifer acceptable, Excellent EPD’s. Delivery Available. Adam Wheatley 502-349-2665 KY Gelbvieh 53 KY Hereford 15, 64 KY Hoop Barns 50 KY Limousin Breeders Assoc. 51 KY Salers 76 KY Simmental 73 Lawson Tractor & Implement 10 Leachman Cattle Company 37 McBurney Livestock 67 Merck Animal Health 9 Merial 18, 19 Mid South Ag 12 MidSouth Cattle Sales 56 MultiGen Reproductive Solutions 40 National Cattlemen’s Beef Assoc. 32 Neat Steel 20 Next Step Cattle Company 27 No Bull Enterprises 41 Norbrook 25 Oak Hollow Angus 7

Or call 270-384-1111 Chris Wilson, Auctioneer

Paris Stockyards Pasture Management Systems Performance Feeds Pleasant Hill Farms Purina Mills Ray Nolan Reality Farms Select Sires Mid-America Silver Stream Shelters Smoky Mtn Cattle Solid Rock Angus Stevenson’s Diamond Dot Sweetlix Thrive Green United Producers Walters Buildings West KY Select Bred Heifer Sale Whayne Supply

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

4 14 36 80 13 60 47 43 41 30 4 26 42 50 38 56 8 3



When the Frost is on the Punkin avoid the cost of wintering nonincome producing units. Make the first round of culling on heifer calves – get rid of obvious culls and disposition problems ----------------now. University of Kentucky Calculate the amount of hay Extension Beef Specialist and supplement that you need to feed your cow herd through this winter and make up any deficiencies t is time to prepare for winter now. You can calculate feed needs by feeding your beef herd. Not a multiplying the expected number of bad time, if you are ready for it. days of winterfeeding (maybe about James Whitcomb Riley wrote about 120 days) by daily intake (around this time of year with this familiar 30 pounds) times the number of line … “When the frost is on the head. However, if you have been in punkin and the fodder’s in the shock”. I the business for several years, you think preparation for winter feeding probably have a good idea of your the cow herd generally separates annual hay needs. Just be sure it is excellent cattle producers from adequate. Don’t forget to purchase everyone else. Good cattle producers your supplemental needs before know that making hay can be hard late winter. Feed (such as soyhulls) work but if we pay a lot of attention are generally less costly around the to timely harvesting, working around “crush” (after harvest when beans are the weather, making a good quality crushed for their oil content). The most important thing, in my package and storing it to preserve its nutritional value, we can take a good opinion, is to do what it takes to keep deal of satisfaction from caring for cows in good body condition. This is our “dependent” animals when cold easiest if your cows start the winter weather does arrive. in good condition. Reproduction “O, it’s then the time a feller is a-feelin’ is closely tied to body condition at his best, at calving and rebreeding. Don’t With the risin’ sun to greet him from a make the mistake of thinking that night of peaceful rest, you can “rough ‘em” through the As he leaves the house, bareheaded, and winter and that spring grass will save goes out to feed the stock, you. It won’t. Poor reproductive When the frost is on the punkin and the performance will follow. fodders in the shock.” There is a sense of satisfaction in caring for animals for which you are This has been a great forage year responsible during the winter. It’s a for many of us. So the first thing little bit of “man vs. the elements” but that we want to do is to graze any managing in good weather to prepare accumulated pasture for as long as for bad weather makes those desired possible. Let’s leave the proverbial results possible or likely. There’s fodder in the shock (hay in the barn) nothing like being successful when for as long as possible. Feed the hay you know that you have prepared for that is stored outside first, so that success. any that is inside the barn can be “The straw stack in the medder, and the carried over, if possible. reaper in the shed; This is a good time to eliminate The hosses in theyr stalls below – the barren, old or poor producing cattle. clover overhead! Salvage values are still pretty good O, it sets my hart a-clickin’ like the and getting rid of them now will tickin’ of a clock,

Dr. Roy Burris



When the frost is on the punkin and the fodders in the shock.” Let’s hope for a mild winter, but recent blizzards and snow storms in the western states serve as a reminder of how quickly the winter weather can change. Forewarned is forearmed.

CPH-45 sales. Consider this health and marketing program which is designed for producers which are doing a good job of producing high quality feeder calves.

Timely Tips for November

• Continue to watch fall-calving cows this month. Catch up on processing of calves including identification, castration and vaccinations. • Vaccinate the cows while they are open and prior to the breeding season. Move cows to accumulated pasture or increase feed now. • Start the breeding season in late November or early December for calving to begin in September of 2013. If you are using AI and/ or estrous synchronization, get your supplies together now. Don’t forget Breeding Soundness Evaluations (BSE) on your bulls. Make final selection of replacement heifers now.

Spring-calving cow herd • This has been a good year for fall pasture growth. Extend grazing for as long as possible to decrease the amount of stored feed needed. • Culling decisions should be made prior to winter feeding for best use of feed resources. Consider open, poor-producing and aged cows as candidates for culling. • Evaluate body condition of cows after weaning their calves. Sort thin (less than CS5) cows away from the cow herd and feed to improve their condition. Two and three-year olds may need extra attention now. • If you need to replace cows, consider buying bred heifers in some of the Kentucky Certified Replacement Heifer sales which are being held across the state this month. • Dry cows in good condition can utilize crop residues and lower quality hay now (but don’t let them lose any more body condition). Save higher quality feed until calving time. Keep a good mineral supplement with vitamin A available. • Replacement heifers require attention during the winter, too. Weaned heifer calves should gain at an adequate rate to attain their “target” breeding weight (2/3 of their mature weight) by May 1. • A postweaning feeding period will allow you to put rapid, economical gains on weaned calves, keep them through the fall “runs” and allow you to participate in Kentucky

Fall-calving herd

General • This is a good time to take soil tests and make fertility adjustments (phosphate, potash and lime) to your pastures. • Have your hay supply analyzed for nutritive quality and estimate the amount of supplementation needed. Consider purchasing feed now. • This is also a good time to freeze-brand bred yearling heifers and additions to the breeding herd. • Graze alfalfa this month after a “freeze-down” (24 degrees for a few hours). • Don’t waste your feed resources. Avoid excessive mud in the feeding area. Hay feeding areas can be constructed by putting rock on geotextile fabric. Feed those large round bales in hay “rings” to avoid waste.

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Get an Additional 10 Bill on Every Calf You Sell

Calves sold through Superior Livestock Auction in 2012 averaged a premium of $2.42 per hundredweight when tested negative for BVD-PI*. Subtract the test cost and thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s an additional $10 on every 600 lb. calf you sell. Testing for Bovine Viral Diarrhea-Persistent Infection (BVD-PI) is about adding value to your calves. This data confirms buyers are willing to pay more for BVD-PI negative calves. Regardless of how you market your cattle, let us help you add value to your calves with BVD-PI testing. *King, M.E. The effects of health and management programs on the sale price of beef calves marketed through six Superior Livestock video auctions in 2012. Final Report, Pfizer Inc. 2012.


Gold Standard Labs Setting the Standard in Animal Diagnostics

Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association


115Lots Fe 24 Spring Heifer Calves

P l e a s a n t H i l l Fa r m s Rockfield, KY


46 Fall Cow/Calf Pairs 10 Long Yearling Bulls

12.7.2013 sALE AT 1:00PM cst

Angus & Simmental Genetics!




GRC Trudy 508 of 323 7709

Sunset Mytty Prompter 41W

She sells!

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AAA# 15491783

AAA# 16324933

Bred to Dream Doctor

Bred to Broker

CE +7 BW +.8 WW +49 YW +70 CEM +7 Milk +29

CE +9 BW +.6 WW +49 YW +79 CEM +13 Milk +18



She sells with a September Broker bull calf at side!! ASA# 2578473 CE 11.0 BW 1.0 WW 57.2 YW 90.3 Milk 20.0 MCE 9.0 MWW 48.5 Marb 0.21 REA 0.77 API 112 TI 61.4

Simmentall S

M2C/PHF Debra 906Z

M2C Peaches

ASA# 2742308

Dream Doctor x 603P :: Januar Open Heifer

Upgade x Above & Beyond :: September Open Heifer


M2C Maggie 361A

Expected Epd’s

CE 10.1 BW 1.1 WW 71.9 YW 104.1 MCE 13.3 Milk 26.5

CE 9.0 BW 0.45 WW 49.6 YW 66.9 MCE 6.6 Milk 20.6

MWW 62.4 Marb 0.30 REA 0.78 API 125.5 TI 77.9

MWW 45.3 Marb 0.27 REA 0.45 API 106 TI 59

CE 7.65 BW 1.55 WW 62.2 YW 80.0 MCE 9.9 Milk 14.9

Video will be available to view at: & Contact Us for more inforation: Gil & Mary Cowles, Owners 270.843.9021 :: Jerod Metzger, Manager Jered Shipman, Marketing Agent 806.983.7226



Cow Country News, November 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cow Country News - November 2013  

The Cow Country News is a monthly publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association highlighting the latest cattle news, sale information,...