Edition Nr. 2
Tanate Wilderness Area
ÂŠ Comanis Foundation 2012
Tanate Wilderness Area Tanate (Ta ‘na’ te) means “sipwells” in the indigenous Bushmen language unique to the southwestern Kalahari. Both “Tanate” and “Wilderness” aptly describe the magnificent tract of Kalahari under the official designation as KD2 Wildlife Management Area. The proposed alias pays respect to the old people, whom have been stewards of this wilderness environment for ages.
© Comanis Foundation 2012
Edition Nr. 2
about this gazette
All articles in this gazette are connected somehow to our projects in the KD2 concession area in the South/West of Botswana. In March 2012, Comanis sponsored a jewelry workshop for the women of Zutshwa village, to improve the quality and marketability of their crafts. At the same time, Comanis had managed to get into the flagship shop of Mambo Camp (Wilderness Safaris) Botswana for exclusive rights to sell the women’s jewelry in a fair and transparent manner. Additionally, through the efforts of Comanis Trustee Derek Keeping, a number of Zutshwa’s expert trackers were hired to work on a predator inventory in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve.
Corinne Itten Comanis President and Partner of Gauer Itten Messerli Architects Switzerland. GIM founded Comanis and has been the main supporter for the last 10 years.
the urgency of conservation
Derek Keeping PhD student, Comanis Trustee, and passionate conservationist, he leads the Kalahari Wildlife Assessment. The overarching goal of this research project is to highlight threats and identify and evaluate solutions to conservation of the magnificent wilderness areas surrounding Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park.
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There is an ongoing plan to develop a series of wilderness campsites within the Zutshwa area, catering to the adventurous self-drive tourist, as well as the long-term potential for other ecotourism ventures, such as cultural tourism and walking safaris. All of these projects can provide varying degrees of income and meaningful employment for the community of Zutshwa. Comanis has reason to believe that through careful community and other stakeholder engagement, growth of wise ecotourism development is possible; there is a chance to give tangible value to this magnificent wilderness, and alongside continued subsistence livelihoods, ultimately assist steering this area towards a future rich in opportunity. We hope an example can be set, a model, that can be taken up by other districts in these arid regions, and culminate in a larger vision of regional conservation for the Kalahari ecosystem. We hope you‘ll join us. As a research scientist, focused on a necessarily limited scope of study in an astoundingly complex world, I’m familiar with a sometimes constraining feeling of the limits of reliable knowledge. Research leads to an ever-branching tree of further questions. Our collective accumulation of scientific knowledge over the last centuries barely scratches the surface of what there is to know about the natural world. Yet when it comes to conservation biology, a truly normative science, the implications of the knowledge we do have are actually pretty straightforward. We know enough. A great Swiss psychologist held the steadfast conviction that any increase in awareness demands a proportional increase in moral responsibility. We already know what it takes to save most species. Populations, communities, ecosystems need SPACE to survive. It’s only that the implication of this knowledge conflicts with an exponentially growing, resource-hungry, and increasingly consumer-driven human population. On a finite planet with a finite biosphere thinly veiled on its surface, the end result of global economies stuck in a paradigm of sustained growth ultimately rooted in resource extraction is highly predictable: fragmentation and disappearance of wild landscapes, loss of species, and unravel-
ling of ecosystems. The largest megafauna are usually first to go, but how this all happens exactly is highly uncertain, and likely to be punctuated with surprises. Of course this is a simplistic view, but the fact is most species threatened with extinction are so because of habitat loss. Large spaces free from conflict with humans are required for their populations to sustain themselves. Wilderness areas have passively persisted because they were difficult environments for people to live in. Modern technology makes such places increasingly accessible, and we now need a more active approach to their conservation if they are to survive. In many places around the globe today, human beings and their domesticates are the largest megafauna remaining. It’s just sometimes I share a feeling among fellow ecologists that perhaps we ought to devote less effort towards studying the multitude of impacts humankind is having on the natural world, or as one ecologist put it “monitoring our extinction research”, and more towards doing something to prevent it. We’re fast approaching limits and thresholds and last opportunities to ensure wilderness untainted by the industrial endeavour has a place in the future, as a “. . . blueprint of what life was originally intended to be . . .”
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ÂŠ Comanis Foundation 2012 photo: Julia Burger
the opportunity presented by KD2
KD 2 7’000km2 of wilderness adjacent the northern boundary of Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. Retaining an exceptional number of large undisturbed pans, the area attracts concentrations of the once numerous migratory herds of Kalahari antelope including wildebeest, springbok, and hartebeest.
Large wilderness areas with free-ranging mega faunal populations, including large predators, persist in southwestern Botswana. It is also a place of human origins. The indigenous inhabitants of this landscape have empirically demonstrated human-nature coexistence, truly living within the bounds of their ecology for millennia, maintaining such a light footprint that many areas of the Kalahari even today appear as though they’ve never been peopled at all.
philosophy. With the decline in hunting and absence of quantifiable economic value in these remote regions, a stronger argument is made by agriculture departments and ranching lobbyists to de-designate WMAs in order to access pristine grazing, thus further encroaching into core wilderness strongholds. This exactly is happening presently in areas just north of here. It’s not a trivial issue, as large antelope and their predators’ abundance and distributions are strongly related to distance from human and livestock activity. The long-term viA 7’000km2 piece of territory presently ability of free-ranging wildlife populations in the known as KD2, is particularly well-pos- Kalahari is uncertain. itioned. Its current designation as a Wildlife Management Area (WMA) is due to laudable But we may be approaching the right time in steps the Government of Botswana has history, under enabling local, national, and taken in the past, to provide buffer zones international circumstances to do something between the large protected Kgalagadi about it. KD2 is well-positioned in space and Transfrontier Park (KTP) and areas settled history to move towards a less impoverished by humans and their livestock. Since hunt- future. It’s particularly scenic, it’s longest boring has undergone steady decline as a vi- der shared with the KTP, and it contains a sinable land use, mirroring the decline in coun- gle picturesque and friendly village (Zutshwa). try-wide migratory antelope populations, True throughout Africa, the future of core wilwhether or not this expanse will continue to derness areas is hugely dependent upon the persist as wilderness is uncertain. behaviors and aspirations of people living on the fringes. There is good opportunity here to We haven’t advanced to the enlightened develop a strong relationship with Zutshwa, condition of protecting wilderness for its and the people already have an inkling of fuown sake. On the contrary, conservation ture possibilities. mostly operates on an “if it pays, it stays”
the kalahari wildlife assessment research group As attention increases on KD2 in coming years, we can view the changes that will be developing both within the community and on the landscape as a perturbation experiment. Through carefully-planned research that monitors outcomes of these interventions at several levels, we can use this opportunity to better understand if and how community-based ecotourism developments have an impact on wildlife conservation. This is the direction this research aims to go in the future.
the importance of community work....
Scott Parker He holds an MBA focused on sustainable development and a Masters in conflict analysis and management. He has 20 years experience as an entrepreneur, including working on community tourism projects in Zimbabwe.
As human populations continue to encroach on wilderness areas the urgency to protect these areas grows. It is true that local communities pay a high price when they are excluded from protected areas, losing rights to the natural resources they may have utilized for centuries. Partnerships with communities are an integral component of conservation efforts but often pose particular challenges to success. For example, many community-based organizations are not adequately prepared to develop financially viable projects, are not accountable for their activities, and struggle to communicate effectively with their stakeholders. For Comanis, building organizational capacity within the community while assisting with project development is a two-pronged approach that fosters skills development as well as prudent project management. Although this process takes time - time to build trust and relationships - it is also a beneficial learning process for all parties. The key to protecting wild spaces
worldwide is the development of financially viable projects that deliver ecological and social benefits: an increasingly complex challenge. To be successful, these projects must have an engaged and enthused community supporting them. Working with communities means creating honest dialogue, and Comanis supported my community engagement work in Zutshwa, Botswana throughout March, April and May of 2012. The goal was to create a good working relationship with residents and organizations in Zutshwa, and to determine attitudes towards tourism and conservation in the region. Zutshwa people are very interested in tourism opportunities in their area, however there are many complex issues that arise in development of tourism. How does income get shared? Who has the right to participate? How are people selected for training or employment? How does tourism affect Zutshwa culture? The answer to these questions must come from the community itself, and solutions to problems must be developed collaboratively. I look forward to working with the Comanis team in further collaborations with the community.
Botswana makes a reasonable claim to being one of the world’s oldest democracies, and the foundation of that democracy is found in the kgotla. Kgotla is a centuries-old traditional process of dialogue and is a forum for voicing concerns and addressing issues regarding village life. Nearly any issue can be addressed at kgotla: missing cattle, noisy neighbors, problem animals, land use conflicts and village development. When Comanis visited Zutshwa to discuss tourism in the area, the kgotla was well-attended. 3
ÂŠ Comanis Foundation 2012 photo: Julia Burger
Sabine Thüler Jewelry designer who led a workshop on behalf of Comanis for the women in Zutshwa.
Making jewelry out of ostrich egg shells is an ancient tradition among the Basarwa women. The purpose of the workshop was to enable the women of Zutshwa to create work of higher quality with new and unique designs. The goal was to interest Wilderness Safaris into selling the new creations in their shops and thereby creating a steady income for the women and families of Zutshwa. About twenty women participated. They brought their babies and children, spread out their blankets and went to work. We began by creating new designs. We wanted the jewelry from Zutshwa to be unique and distinguishable from the rest of the ostrich egg shell jewelry made all over Botswana. We made closures out of horn and bone, replacing the plastic beads closures that were
used before. After ten days of hard work we ended up with five new designs. We took those to Maun to present to Wilderness Safaris and received very positive feedback and –most importantly- an order for several pieces. For myself this workshop has been an incredible experience! I had been looking for a volunteer project, so when Corinne told me about the jewelry making in Botswana it was for me, as a jeweler, a perfect match. Overall the ten days I spent in Zutshwa have been most rewarding and enriching for me personally. I went there to give this workshop having no idea what to expect and I came back with a glimpse of a completely different world. I do hope for another chance to go back in the near future!
new design for the most ancient art crafts Great antiquity surrounds ostrich eggshell jewelry. Ostrich eggshell beads virtually identical to those being made in Zutshwa today have been unearthed in sediments dating deeper than 20,000 years ago. This places ostrich eggshell jewelry among humankind’ most ancient known art. Combining ancient art crafts with modern designs, we hope these efforts can garner greater interest in this jewelry, not just as curios, but elegant pieces that also carry a meaningful story.
tracking in CKGR
Taute Qhane He and other 12 trackers of Zutshwa had been helping with their excellent tracking skills in the CKGR Spoor Mega-Transect, which was organized by CKGR Research.
Check out our chronological photo journey of the CKGR Spoor Mega-Transect on the Comanis Facebook!
Tracking talent among the Kalahari‘s indigenous peoples is legendary. Despite traditional land use practices in decline, and the virtual extinction of tracking‘s most arduous tests - the persistence hunt, and bow-and-poisoned arrow hunt - tracking skills are still very much alive in the Kalahari today. In places like Zutshwa, such skills are taken for granted. It’s unremarkable for people who grow up looking at tracks every day of their lives, as the ground everywhere is as sandy as a beach. But to outside eyes, to see some of these young men in action, on the trail of an animal, is wondrous and awe-inspiring!
specialized skills in the future. In March 2012, Glyn Maude with CKGR Research, initiated an unprecedented effort to estimate large predator distributions and abundance across the Central Kalahari Game Reserve (CKGR).
Unfortunately, as the door is being closed on the subsistence hunting and gathering livelihood, these people are left with few economic alternatives in replacement. Their tracking skills have marginal value to the modern economy and remain underappreciated within the wildlife conservation community. Scientific literature has typically focused on high-technology solutions to estimating wildlife distribution and abundance, exemplified by recent emphases on camera-trapping. Wildlife departments follow a literature largely developed in the northern hemisphere, despite local conditions that may be optimal for alternative approaches. Although tracking is much more widely applied in Botswana than most places on the globe, it‘s full potential is still unrealized. Derek‘s PhD research is taking steps to closing this gap.
The effort was a great success, revealing surprising insights into Wild Dog and Cheetah distributions, while corroborating knowledge on other large predators generated over the years by the CKGR Research Team. The trackers expressed much enthusiasm and gratitude, while gaining exposure to a wider wildlife research community in Botswana. It‘s humbling that they are the key ingredient to these modern research endeavours, and projects such as this would not be possible without their talents. During our time together in the bush, while the trackers mingled with PhDs and other successful professionals in the modern sense, it is they whom are elevated to super-stars.
The ambitious idea was to sample all available 4x4 tracks bisecting the vast reserve, plus its boundaries, over 5 days, recording track interceptions. This involved assembling 12 vehicleteams including researchers throughout Botswana, NGOs, and other volunteers. Comanis organized 13 trackers from Zutshwa as the main tracking force on this project.
We hope that as awareness of the value of tracking in wildlife research and monitoring increases, we can create more opportunities for these talented men of Zutshwa and other remote communities in the Kgalagadi District. As part of Comanis‘ efforts in Zutshwa, we Anyone need a professional tracker? We‘ll set would like to see more opportunities for you up! trackers to be awarded real value for their
amazing skill Panana, superb tracker from Zutshwa, on the trail of a ground pangolin. He‘s clearly ‚in the zone‘ here, making fluid movements with his hands as he pursues and predicts the direction of the animal while moving along at a brisk trotting pace. By contrast, Derek and Julia, no strangers to tracking themselves, could hardly follow the very lightly impressing spoor of the secretive pangolin for a few meters without losing it. 5
the beauty of KD2
Julia Burger Nature photographer and wildlife ecologist, who when not occupied with animal studies in the wilds of Canada, volunteers her talents to worthy conservation initiatives. KD2 is one of her favourite places.
Approaching KD2, you leave behind a wall of thorny scrub, signs of human settlement and nibbling livestock, and enter a wild land of winding trails through flowing grasslands, captivating pans, and lush acacia woodlands.
amongst such infinite heavens. Each morning bestows a discovery: a chilled elephant shrew sunning itself, a cheetah and honey badger encounter en route to morning ablutions, tracks revealing lions lying languidly around the tent while one slept soundly.
I will never forget my first night - chancing upon a secluded dune camp, cool clean sand molding to my weary feet, the surrounding chorus of barking geckos filling the still air, and gazing across the pan at the rich pastel hues deepening while the earth’s shadow crept higher in the sky.
It’s amazing what secrets are in store once a little rain soaks the sand. The spring and summer rains, sometimes gentle showers, often spectacular thunderstorms with lightning displays beyond one’s wildest dreams, transform the subtle winter palette into an explosion of green growth and colorful flowers.
In winter, while the trees are leafless and long-grasses golden one witnesses the incredible sunsets and subtleties of a thirsty land. The cool dry air yields each night a spectacle of stars so incredible they instill marvel and wonder of our little planet
Butterflies swirl and dragonflies buzz, migratory antelope munch succulent new growth, while impossibly, flamingoes and egrets flock from faraway places to dip their feet in waterfilled pans and revel in this explosion of life.
the beautiful landscape in KD2 The Kalahari is a full sensory experience. A Wilderness tonic. One that we feel a shared need to experience more and more as other spaces become increasingly allocated to human endeavor. But here the wilderness rules... And rules ingeniously. We are excited for you to discover this land and experience its secrets and unparalleled beauty…
photos: Julia Burger 6
visiting the sipwells in KD2 March 2012 Out on the landscape with elders visiting the “sipwells” - sites where drinking water can be extracted from the Kalahari sand. Most sites are no longer in use as water is more easily obtained in the village, but we found signs of prior occupation including fragments of clay pottery and ostrich eggshell canteens. Together with horse expert and tourism promoter Ann Reilly, we organized the first horseback safari to assess potential for developing this aspect of ecotourism. It was a success!
photos: Julia Burger
kgotla meeting March 2012 This was Comanis’ official introduction to the community of Zutshwa. The team explained their ideas and intentions regarding ecotourism development in KD2, and projects in the village. Following this, we were welcomed into the community with a chorus of hand-clapping, and many questions were asked by the people. These included how Comanis intended to work with the community Trust, why were people from Europe so interested in Zutshwa, and even a question regarding respect of gender, gay and lesbian rights. Although hours of discussion in the Botswana heat can be tiring for all involved, the process is essential for community wellbeing.
photos: Julia Burger
great potential The KD2 region has great potential for self-drive safaris, as well as future development of horseback and walking safaris, game tracking, village-stays and cultural tourism. Developing these kinds of projects in remote areas such as KD2 has a number of challenges, but Comanis chooses to work closely and collaboratively with the community of Zutshwa, the people who are most likely to benefit from appropriate tourism development. With their help and help from Comanis’s supporters, we can not only protect this beautiful wild place, but provide better living standards for people that live there. 7
ÂŠ Comanis Foundation photo: Derek 2012 Keeping
gallery travel journal
1st row: some impressions from the CKGR Spoor Mega-Transect organized by CKGR Research 2nd row: women busy crafting during the jewelry workshop organized by Comanis and led by guest jeweler Sabine Thuler 3rd row: new designs for traditional ostrich eggshell jewelry emerging from the workshop 4th row: proud women wearing their new jewelry designs 5th row: first 4 bikes which Comanis brought to Zutshwa and the incredible enthusiasm of the young people training for the bike challenge 6th row: great visit in March 2012 to Zutshwa with the whole team (Top row: Corinne Itten, Ann Reilly, Julia Burger, Ompatile Lekgowe Bottom row: Derek Keeping, Tebere Dane, Scott Parker)
photos: Sabine Th端ler, Corinne Itten, Derek Keeping 9
photo: Corinne Itten
ÂŠ Comanis Foundation 2012
outlook comanis in zutshwa what‘s next
Comanis is working closely with the community of Zutshwa to achieve some collaborative goals.
On October 21, 2012, Scott Parker will be returning to Zutshwa to continue the community-engagement work that began in March, April and May of 2012. Scott has remained in contact with the Qhaa Qhing Conservation Trust in Zutshwa, and they have outlined an agenda to be accomplished from October to January of 2013. New Comanis initiatives funded for October include the development of a Village Saving and Loan Association (VSLA). A VSLA is a form of microfinance, but provides both a savings and a loaning mechanism, and at much more favourable interest rates than most microfinance models. Members of the VSLA are therefore able to save or borrow modest sums required for any manner of things: from a mobile phone to school fees. Micro-finance research has shown that one of the main barriers to savings in impoverished regions is societal pressure. When you have money, you are expected to share it. Although this can be valorous, it can also be debilitating. Having a VSLA commitment to meet means that certain money (even very small amounts) is earmarked for the savings fund and unavailable for other family members to claim. This has been found to be especially important for rural women. VSLAs have been widely successful across Africa, and are very simple to set up, with the association members deciding many of the rules, such as repayment rates and interest charges. Comanis’s development of the VSLA not only benefits rural poor in Zutshwa who choose to participate, but it’s a good way for Comanis to network with people at the village level. One of the challenges of working in remote areas is a lack of capacity, or under-education. For example, the Qhaa Qhing Conservation Trust works hard to organize the management of their Wildlife Management Area, but they operate on their own with only marginal support from outside agencies. Through discussions with the Trust, a number of areas for managerial improvement have been identified, and more training is required for Trust board members to
become effective managers. Comanis has contracted Initiatives, a Botswana-based training organization that specializes in capacity-building and management training for village trusts. This workshop is schedule for November 5-9, and will cover the basic roles of a village trust, as well as issues related to communications and financial management. If the workshops are found to be effective, two more workshops are planned for March 2013. These workshops are costly, as trainers must travel the long distance to Zutshwa, but with Comanis support, it is now possible for the trust to get quality training: something they have been eager to receive. The Qhaa Qhing Conservation Trust owns a small, two-bedroom house in Zutshwa. The house is perched on a dune overlooking the main pan near the village, and last year the Trust managed to rehabilitate the house with new paint and repairs throughout. This little house can be an excellent guest-house or provide accommodation to (mostly expatriate) guests interested in a village-stay. The village-stay concept sees visitors come for a weekend or more to live the remote, rural lifestyle of Zutshwa residents and gain a greater appreciation of what it’s like for Batswana who choose to live the more traditional rural lifestyle. Zutshwa is a small, friendly, safe and picturesque village and the local community welcomes the idea of tourists coming to visit them. The problem with the guest-house is that it remains completely empty inside: no furniture or window coverings. Not a very appealing place to stay at this point! However in October, measurements and photographs of the guest-house will be sent to Corinne Itten, and she will be busy organizing furniture and other items to turn this empty shell into an inviting accommodation. Comanis will also be investigating the potential for a simple, gravity fed water system to provide the small luxury of running water into the house. Once the building is furnished, a small brochure will be created and distributed to tour agents in Gaborone. The revitalization of the guest-house is a way in which Comanis has identified an existing asset in the village that requires a little extra support to become a potential source of income.
comanis facebook We are keeping you informed about our activities throughout the year on our facebook page. We’ll be trying hard to let our supporters and friends know how our projects are developing. Of course, sometimes, like in Zutshwa, there is no internet (nor power, nor water!) so uploading photos and information is a challenge. But we’re going to do our best for you! 11
events private initiative
Terry Fehlmann COO from Zebrabox Switzerland (Self Storage) has offered Comanis his private initiative to raise some money: I assume that on any given day a zebra might run more than 42 kilometres through the African plains. But in this case it is a very special zebra, namely ME. On the 4th of November 2012 I’m going to run more than 42km through the urban canyons of New York. Run, sweat, and suffer. I would like to take this opportunity to fundraise for the projects Comanis Foundation have initiated. I encourage you to read about Comanis and their projects on their website. You can help me with a sum francs per kilometer ran.
fundraising event we need your help bike challenge February 2013
photos: Derek Keeping
Corinne had an idea to bring bicycles to Zutshwa. The hope was for a team of riders to emerge, undergo training for longdistance riding, and eventually participate in an endurance race across South Africa as a fundraiser for their own village. But no one had any idea how this would be received. In January 2012 Comanis delivered 4 strong single-speed bicycles from Cape Town to Zutshwa. Several young men took to extracting the bikes from their boxes and assembling them with enthusiasm. They were riding within a couple hours. After a lap or two around the main road through the village that evening, all sorts of young people were running out of their compounds and shouting with excitement at the novel sight. A team of bicycle enthusiasts quickly and organically emerged, whom were serious about intensive training. We started by making a simple track around the 3km perimeter of Zutshwa pan, a large salt pan around which the village is focused. In contrast to the surrounding deep sand and few rough calcrete roads, the pan has a very smooth surface for riding, just like the Bonneville salt flats, where the world’s fastest cars are tested. Doing laps around the pan became quite mundane for the riders quite quickly. So instead, one day, three riders decided to ride the bikes from Zutshwa to the neighbouring village of Hukuntsi and back. Consider this is a 130 km round trip, on a calcrete road (with sections of deep sand), with single-speed bikes, at the height of Kalahari summer. It was also within a week of the bicycles arriving in boxes. They did it no problem. Apparently we had underestimated the physical constitution and motivation of these Zutshwa bush-riders!!!
We had underestimated interest in general. It soon became clear that 4 bikes was not going to be enough for the number of people keen on serious training, so we ordered 6 more. The riders have since made several trips to Hukuntsi and the neighbouring village of Ngwatle in the other direction. A friendly spirit of competitive rivalry exists between these remote villages already, as teams compete in youth football. When the riders arrive in neighbouring villages they are met with a combination of curiosity, awe, and maybe a bit of jealously. After the riders explain what they are about, the question comes back, “When is Comanis bringing bicycles for us?!” Corinne’s idea was bigger than we all expected! The challenge will be to come up with interesting competitions for these riders of Zutshwa to participate in. Our first ambition for the team is to undergo a local long-distance competition in February 2013. The privileged competitors will be riding on behalf of their community, and individually raise funds for every kilometer they cover. The community, together with Comanis, will decide on the best way to use the funds in the village. One possibility is to provide corrugated iron sheeting for the poorest households in Zutshwa presently without waterproofed roofs. Based on the enthusiasm so far, we anticipate these Zutshwa riders will go great distances in the future, and we look forward to finding future partnerships and bicycle events to participate in. One option is the world’s largest timed cycling event, the Cape Argus. We hope to use such opportunities to raise awareness about these remote area communities, boost community spirit, and generate important funds that can be directed to useful community projects.
in memory of Busle Itten Comanis and the whole family Itten like to thank everyone who has been donating in the name of Busle Itten to our upcoming fundraising event mentioned above. We will use all of this donated money for our project in Zutshwa and let you know how the result of our fundraising event in March 2013 will be. Any additional donation will be very useful for our project!
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about this gazette text: photos: layout:
Derek Keeping, Scott Parker, Julia Burger, Sabine Thüler, Corinne Itten Julia Burger, Corinne Itten, Derek Keeping, Sabine Thüler Corinne Itten, Antje Hellwig
© Comanis Foundation 2012
ÂŠ Comanis Foundation 2012