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Initiative for coffee & climate Enabling effective response Building a sector initiative Michael Opitz Belo Horizonte, 9th September 2013

What the farmers told us Tanzania Brazil

Vietnam Trifinio

Climate change and supply chain risks

Farmer Resources Yield Costs of production Quality Income/Livelihood Motivation




Roaster Availability Price Blend Reputation

c&c approach Re-evaluate strategy and tool utility through experts!

Define objectives, criteria, indicators I. Operational Planning

VI. Reevaluation & systematisation

II. Risk Assessment

V. Monitoring & Evaluation

III. Identification of Solutions

Assess present + future climatic risks initially!

Monitor progress, evaluate effectiveness + generate case studies!

Create awareness +adaptive capacity through field & community work!

IV. Implementation/ Farmer-centred validation of identified solutions

identify adaptive responses, generic + local tools, prioritisation

Risk assessment e.g. triangulation of sources Determine the local climatic risks to coffee production to define a locally appropriate solution


Triangulation method Scientists

Local experts

Risk assessment: triangulation results

Sul de Minas, Brazil

rising temperature; prolonged dry period; strong rains; poor soil cover rising temperature, severe storms, longer rain periods

Trifinio, Central America

landslides, infrastructure damage, leaf rust

rising temperatures, irregular rain and dry periods, falling ground water

lower pollination rate, higher evapotranspiration, difficult coffee drying

Lack of water, decreasing rainfall, rising temperatures, long intense dry seasons

Flower abortion, leaf wilt, leaf drop, soil loss, unproductive trees

Dak Lak, Vietnam

Dak Lak Mbeya, Tanzania

coffee wilt, phoma fungal disease, empty beans

(no regret) measures: • ground cover; water harvesting; erosion control; vigorous plantlets; windbreaks

experiments with: • Gypsum (for drier regions)

innovations: • gypsum experiments with: • mulch • shade

(no regret) measures: • Soil management, rainwater harvesting

experiment with: • Different levels of mulch • Shade management collect data: • Data visualisation (GPS)

Dak Lak

(no regret) measures: • rust control, rust resistent varieties, cover crops, zoning emergency response: • risk analysis, protocols, early warning system


Sul de Minas


Adaptation strategies

(no regret) measures: • ground cover; more efficient irrigation experiment with: • centralized drying • drip irrigation collect data: • metereological, groundwater, pests (cicadas)

Gypsum application

Prioritisation of adaptation options Development of annual balances with gradual climate effects - with opportunity cost for family labour 2000 Alt.0: without project 1500 Alt.1: mulching


1000 Alt.2: with project (wp) 500 Alt.3: w.p. & gypsum 0 1









10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Alt.6: w.p. & irrigation

-500 Alt.7 wp & shade -1000

c&c toolbox in operation


Government Services (Extension)

Traders (Extension) NGOs (Extension)


Assessment of incoming and outgoing information

Farmer Organizations (Extension)





Indonesia Uganda

• Scaling up: continuation and expansion of existing pilot projects • Replication: satellite projects in new countries, regions , subregions (Honduras, Peru, Uganda, Indonesia, others tbd) • Joint learning with partners; further toolbox enrichment

Building a Sector Alliance

The c&c approach MO c&c  

DAY 1 Climate Change - A new Reality for Coffee!