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Citizen science, adaptation and climate change Chile and Brazil Allan Yu Iwama

Universidad de Los Lagos May 2019 Fondecyt | Conicyt 3180705


Adaptación al cambio climático en zonas costeras: el caso del Archipiélago de Chiloé (Chile) y litoral norte de São Paulo (Brasil). Integración de conocimientos locales y científicos a través de SIG participativo

Allan Yu Iwama Principal Investigator

Francisco Ther Supervisor

May 2019 Fondecyt | Conicyt 3180705


Presentation topics Citizen Science | Concepts and practice cases

Disasters and citizen science

• Concept

• The CoAdapta | Litoral project

• Why Citizen Science?

• The citizen science as strategy to engagement and co-production of knowledge for disaster risk reduction

• Citizen science projects in Brazil, Chile and África

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https://blogs.iadb.org/conocimiento-abierto/es/5-principios-para-maximizar-el-uso-de-los-datos-abiertos/

Open Science Citizen

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Open Science and Citizen Science Concept

▪ Open Science for ▪ Open Access ▪ Open Research ▪ Open Hardware ▪ Open Data ▪ Citizen Science ▪ […] ▪ Dialogue of knowledge ▪ Co-production of knowledge https://ocsdnet.org/

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Source | Minas Faz Ciencia by Lorena Tarcia (2017)

Citizen Science Concept The concept of citizen science is represented by a collaboration between non-specialists and professional scientists in the collection of data, dissemination of information and co-production of knowledge. They are "citizen scientists" who participate in initiatives aimed at the conservation of biodiversity, public facilities, mobility, climate change, among others [SIBBr - Brasil] As a result of this open, networked and transdisciplinary scenario, an improvement in the interactions between science, society and politics can be produced that leads to more democratic research [Fundación Ciencia Ciudadana Chile]

• Citizen science • […] • Dialogue of knowledge • Co-production of knowledge

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Collaborative networks OCSDNET, Canada & Inglaterra; Media Lab Prado, Espanha; OKF Open Knowledge, Finlandia; CiĂŞncia Aberta, Portugal; CCCB, Espanha; Hangar, Espanha; FACT Liverpool, Reino Unido; MAMM, Colombia; Ruta-N, Colombia; iHub, Quenia; DCRL, Alemanha; PinG Nantes, Franca [...]

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Source | Initiatives Brasil

Initiatives in Brazil

Ciência Cidadã - UFABC

SIBBr

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Monitore Tupinambás Fast Science


Initiatives in Brazil Open Science Ubatuba, promoted open and collaborative practices between academic science, traditional knowledge and non-formal knowledge, with the main objective of analyzing the relationship between open science and development, and proposing paths appropriate to the local context.

VĂ­deo

http://cienciaaberta.ubatuba.cc/


Source | Initiatives Chile

Initiatives in Chile CEAZA

Centro Interfaces Emergentes

NAWI

10 CientĂ­ficos de la basura

LaHubCollections

Datos cientĂ­ficos abiertos


Source | Initiatives Chile

Initiatives in Chile

Lab space

Chile Cientifico

Nexus ChileUSA

R2B

Fundaciรณn Ciencia Ciudadana OS


Initiatives in Africa

Source | Initiatives Ă frica


Initiatives Citizen Science in Disaster context

Marchezini et al. 2018

Hicks et al. 2019


Initiatives Citizen Science in Disaster context CEMADEN-EDUCACAO | Brazil

DronLab CIGIDEN | Chile

CUIDAR | Inglaterra, Portugal, Espanha e Grécia


Initiatives Citizen Science in Disaster context LICCI | Spain

DronLab CIGIDEN | Chile


CoAdapta Litoral Brazil Chile

16 Workshop with local working groups – Quilombo do Campinho (Paraty). Phot credits | Tiago Bambini (2018)


Open questions

• We need to know what people think about climate change. • we need to know how people respond to the problems of climate change or global environmental problems

• What strategies have local communities sought to adapt to environmental and climate change? • Is it possible to build community-based adaptation plans? • What lessons can be learned in the Chilean and Brazilian context? 17


Context 2010 2014 Working local groups in 4 municipalities

Total 21 local supporters

Ubatuba

N=914 interviews

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N=914

interviews

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Survey Sections

▪ (I) Socioeconomic profile ▪ (II) Climate and enviroment changes ▪ (III) Risk and adaptation ▪ (IV) Governance/Risk Communication 20


Risk perception and re-action

‘[...] here is low risk [...] but in my neighbors is high risk [...]’ (Caraguatatuba, 3/12/2012).

I do not see risk, but if someone had a risk, they would undoubtedly warn and I would run away Caraguatatuba, en 12/03/2012). (Iwama 2014)

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Risk perception and re-action

• A small group seek for solutions to avoid damage or loss your life • Social Vulnerability + High risk

We need to involve the people! 22


Working together

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Why Chile and Brazil? Participatory mapping • In both areas there are experiences in the development of participatory mapping (Iwama and Delgado, 2017, Ther and Bravo, 2012, Zambra et al., 2015), but where the production of adaptation plans based on local knowledge has not yet been studied.

Coastal communities and social vulnerability • they are in coastal zones between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic, areas exposed to threats such as floods and coastal dynamics; • Both areas develop important productive activities, associated with fishing exploitation (Araos, 2014, Silva 2014); • There are artisanal fishing and traditional communities, with different vulnerabilities (Silva, 2014, Ther and Bravo, 2012; Iwama et al. 2016) 24

Simões et al. (2016)

Ther y Bravo (2012)


Study area

Chile: (a) Quellón, due to its characteristics as a coastal, island and ECMPOS; (b) Dalcahue, due to its characteristics as coastal communes in the Inland Sea of Chiloé; c) Hualaihué and Maullin, for their characteristic of coastal-continental communities.

Brazil: (a) Ubatuba, Caraguatatuba and Paraty, due to their characteristics of coastalcontinental communities (quilombolas, indigenous and caiçaras).


CEMADEN | Monitoring and Early Warning of disasters in Brazil • Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communications (MCTIC) • Created in July 2011 • Objective of carrying out the monitoring and issuing alerts of natural disasters that subsidize safeguarding lives and diminishing the social, environmental and economic vulnerability resulting from natural events. • 958 monitored municipalities

http://www.cemaden.gov.br/ | Cemaden


CIGIDEN | Research Center for Integrated Disaster Risk Management - Chile

• CIGIDEN is a FONDAP Center of Excellence of CONICYT • in operation since 2012 • gathers researchers from areas as diverse as: Geosciences, Engineering, Social Sciences, Architecture and Design • In CIGIDEN, the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile participates as the main institution, and the Universidad Católica del Norte, Federico Santa María Technical University and Andrés Bello, as partners.

http://cigiden.cl/es/el-centro/


http://cigiden.cl/es/el-centro/


http://www.onemi.cl/

ONEMI

National Emergency Office of the Ministry of the Interior and Public Security


Open questions Context

Traditional Community (quilombolas, indígenas e caiçaras)

22/2/2018

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23/2/2018

Little or no Internet access in communities in rural areas.


Open questions How to transform data into information that supports community action? 31


Brazilian case

• Working local groups Núcleos CoAdapta


Brazilian case • Interviews – working local groups to communities


Brazilian case

Social cartography and GIS


Brazilian case

GIS workshops with local communities, school students


2006/2012 – tecnológico (gas) 2003’ elevación del mar 90’s inundación

Brazilian case

Social cartography to Participatory GIS


Brazilian case Workshop – ‘Roda de conversa’ Presentation of working groups, exchanges experiences, learning and future works


Chilean case | Quellón Working local groups Núcleos CoAdapta


Chilean case | Dalcahue Working local groups Núcleos CoAdapta


Chilean case | Maullín Working local groups Núcleos CoAdapta


Working together | timeline of events


Working together |

Community for community Folder | What to do in the face of a danger of flood?

Policy briefs |


Working together | school engagement

School Tancredo Neves Ubatuba – Register of school in Cemaden-Educação project


Working together | school engagement http://educacao.cemaden.gov.br/

School Tancredo Neves Ubatuba


Working together | school engagement http://educacao.cemaden.gov.br/


Integrating knowledges • Maullín - Chile

Evacuation routes in Maullín from ONEMI

Social cartography of security zone in Maullín

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Integrating knowledges โ€ข Quellรณn - Chile

Evacuation routes in Quellรณn centre from ONEMI

Social cartography in Yaldad

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Integrating knowledges • Caraguatatuba - Brazil

Social cartography

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Flood risk from Participatory GIS

Flood risk from IPT/CPRM


Integrating knowledges

Flood risk from CPRM

• Sao Luiz do Paraitinga Social cartography

Flood risk from Participatory GIS 49


Integrating knowledges • Sao Luiz do Paraitinga

Evacuation points with rafting boats

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Integrating knowledges • Sao TomÊ e Principe

Coastal risks and security zone

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Integrating knowledges • Sao Tome and Principe

Coastal risks and security zone

Safety zone

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Open questions and challenges Challenges

Opportunities

▪ Opening for elements of different traditions and construction of knowledge | postulates, protocols, methodologies

▪ Access to technology and the dissemination of information (internet of things)

▪ Integrate the different forms of knowledge production

▪ Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI)

▪ participatory process | in which all involved are agents that promote learning at the same time they also learn (action research) ▪ 'Levels of participation | who participates, how they participate. Participation for whom?

▪ Digital platforms (Maptionnaire, Mapbox, Surging Seas, Story Map, Open Street Map, PrepData) 53


Digital plataforms | PrepData (The Partnership for Resilience and Preparedness )

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PrepData |

Data vizualization (flood risk, population grid, sea level trends)

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https://choices.climatecentral.org

PrepData | Mapping choices

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Videos | project

LindaGeo

Open Science Ubatuba

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CoAdapta | Litoral


Thank you Allan Yu Iwama Web

https://coadaptalitoral.weebly.com/ https://www.iwamallan.net/

E-mail

allan.iwama@ulagos.cl Fondecyt | Conicyt 3180705

Queen Elizabeth Scholarship

Profile for CoAdapta Litoral

CoAdapta | Litoral project  

CoAdapta | Litoral project  

Profile for coadapta
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