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CNG Feature Auction 117 May 19-20, 2021

CNG Classical Numismatic Group, LLC


CNG Feature Auction 117 May 19–20, 2021

To Be Conducted Live Online Featuring: Selections of Ancient Coins from the William H. Birkinshaw Collection Ancient, Medieval, World, and British Coins from the Lampasas Collection Unique Joint Reign Aureus of Seleukos I and Antiochos I from Aï Khanoum Further Offerings of Seleukid Coinage from the MNL Collection Exceptional Kushan from the Archytas Collection Finest Known ‘Zodiac Wheel’ Drachm from Alexandria Military Diploma from the reign of Vespasian Byzantine Coins from the MacKay and Venetoi Collections Choice Solidus of Michael I Rhangabe with Theophylactus The W. R. K. Great Lakes Collection of Early Dated Coins US Coins and Medals from the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection An American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies An Important Medal by Thomas Rawlins The Connoisseur Collection: Antiquities, Art, and Reference Books

CNG Classical Numismatic Group, LLC

United States Office: PO Box 479, Lancaster, PA 17608-0479, U.S.A. Tel: (717) 390-9194 Fax: (717) 390-9978

United Kingdom Office: 20 Bloomsbury Street, London WC1B 3QA, U.K. Tel: +44 (20) 7495 1888 Fax: +44 (20) 7499 5916

Email: cng@cngcoins.com

Website: www.cngcoins.com


Grading Conditions English

Proof Mint State/Uncirculated Extremely Fine (EF) Very Fine (VF) Fine Good/Fair

Deutsch

Polierte Platte Stempelglanz Vorzüglich Sehr Schön Schön Gut

Français

Flan Bruni Fleur de Coin Superbe Très Beau Beau Bien

Italiano

Fondo Specchio Fior di Conio Splendido Bellissimo Molto Bello Bello

Common Abbreviations

AD Anno Domini BE Bithynio-Pontic Era IY Indictional Year Æ Bronze BI Billon MBS Mail Bid Sale AE Actian Era CE Common Era mm Mintmark AH Anno Hegirae Cf. Confer (compare) PB Lead AR Silver c/m Countermark p. Page AV Gold CY Civic Year (Era) pl. Plate BBS Buy or Bid Sale EL Electrum RPE Roman Provincial Era BC Before Christ FPL Fixed Price List RY Regnal Year BCE Before the Common Era g Gram SE Seleukid Era See Bibliography on our website, www.cngcoins.com, for a complete list of reference abbreviations.

Bank Accounts Beneficiary: Classical Numismatic Group, LLC US$ Account:

€ Account:

PNC Bank, N.A. 249 Fifth Ave., Pittsburgh PA 15222 Account Number: 5005069595 ABA Number: 031000053 BIC or SWIFT: PNCCUS33

£ Account:

HSBC Bank plc 60 Queen Victoria Street, London EC4N 4TR Account Number: 84309198 Sort code: 40 12 76 IBAN: GB82HBUK40127684309198

HSBC Bank plc 60 Queen Victoria Street, London EC4N 4TR Account Number: 71170910 Sort code: 40 11 60 IBAN: GB45HBUK40116071170910

BIC or SWIFT: HBUKGB4B BIC or SWIFT: HBUKGB4B

Classical Numismatic Group, LLC is a United States limited company. United Kingdom Registration No. FC035702, Branch No. BR020787. All lots in this auction were in the possession of CNG in CNG’s Lancaster, Pennsylvania office no later than 25 March 2021. This information is provided for the protection of buyers in the event that US import restrictions are introduced subsequent to that date on any of the types of coins and antiquities that are included in this auction.

Notice Regarding “Slabs”

Coins that have been encapsulated (“slabbed”) by a grading and/or authentication service may not be returned for any reason, including authenticity, if they have been removed from the encapsulation (“slab”).

Acknowledgement CNG would like to thank Jan Moens (jan.moens@bvdmc.com) for creating and providing the Numismatica Medievalis font used in this sale.


AUCTION TERMS This is a public, mail bid, and internet auction conducted by Classical Numismatic Group, LLC (CNG). Bidding in the auction constitutes acceptance of the following terms: 1. The property listed in this catalogue is offered for sale by CNG for itself and as agent for various owners and other consignors. We reserve the right to reject any bid, to determine the opening price, to set bidding increments, to vary the order of the auction, to reopen bidding in the case of a dispute, to withdraw any lot, to bid on behalf of CNG, to bid on behalf of the consignor, to permit the auctioneer to bid on his own behalf, and to permit the consignor to bid on his own lots. CNG may loan or advance money to consignors or prospective bidders, and may have an interest other than commission charges in any lot. CNG may bid on its own account as an “insider” with information not available to the public. 2. A buyer’s fee will be charged to all successful bidders as follows on the hammer price: A. 22.5% for written, fax, email, telephone, and live internet bids. B. 20% for floor bids placed in person at the auction and electronic bids placed directly on cngcoins.com. All written bids, email bids, non-live telephone bids, live internet bid registrations, and live telephone bid registrations must be received before 5PM Eastern time on the day before the auction begins. CNG reserves the right to change the format of cngcoins.com at any time.

6. Estimates are in U.S. dollars ($US) and bids must be in even dollar ($) amounts. CNG will execute mail bids on behalf of mail bidders. Subject to reserves and opening prices, mail bids will be executed at one bidding increment (approximately 10%) over the next highest bid. In the case of identical bids, the earliest bid wins. A mail bid has priority over an identical floor bid. Bid by lot number. No lots will be broken. Bidders are responsible for errors in bidding. Check your bid sheet carefully. 7. All lots are subject to reserve unless otherwise indicated. However, no reserve will be higher than the estimate, and ordinarily lots are reserved at 60% of estimate. 8. Bidders personally guarantee payment for their successful bids, including bidders executing commission bids from other parties and bidders representing corporations or other entities. Buyers accepting commission bids from other parties do so at their own risk and remain responsible for payment under these Auction Terms. 9. At the conclusion of bidding for each lot, the sale contract is concluded and the successful bidder becomes liable for immediate payment under these Auction Terms. In the event a successful bidder fails to make full payment within 30 days of the auction date, CNG reserves the right either: (a) to require payment as provided under these Auction Terms; or (b) to deem the sale incomplete and to re-auction the material, in which case the successful bidder agrees to pay for the reasonable cost of such a sale and also to pay any shortfall between the re-auction price and the successful bidder’s purchase price. CNG reserves all rights that it is entitled to under the Pennsylvania Uniform Commercial Code, including the right to offset any sums due from a successful bidder against any future consignment or purchase or monies or goods in possession of CNG.

3. All coins are guaranteed genuine. Attribution, date, condition, and other descriptions are the opinion of the cataloguer, and no warranty is expressed or implied. Please note that an auction sale is not an approval sale. Lots examined prior to the sale and lots purchased by floor bidders (including bidders executing commission bids on behalf of other parties) may not be returned for any reason except lack of authenticity. All claims of misdescription and all claims of return, except claims regarding authenticity, must be made within 5 days of receipt of material. Any claim of lack of authenticity must be made in writing by the original purchaser immediately after discovery that an item is not authentic, and upon making such a claim the original purchaser must immediately return the lot to CNG in the same condition as at the time of the auction. Coins that have been encapsulated (“slabbed”) by a grading and/or authentication service may not be returned for any reason, including authenticity, if they have been removed from the encapsulation (“slab”). If payment is made by credit card, rights of return are governed by these Auction Terms which supercede any rights of return promulgated by the card issuer. Estimates are intended as a guide only and not as a statement of opinion of value.

10. Sales tax, postage, handling and insurance are the responsibility of the buyer and are added to all invoices where appropriate. For buyers in the European Union, CNG may import lots into the United Kingdom prior to shipment and charge buyers the import Value Added Tax. On any tax not paid by the purchaser which should have been paid, even if not invoiced by CNG, the purchaser agrees to pay the same on demand together with any interest or penalty that may be assessed. It is the responsibility of the buyer to comply with foreign customs and other regulations.

4. Invoices are due and payable immediately upon receipt. Interest and late fees of 2.0% per month, or at the highest rate permitted by law, whichever is less, from the date of the auction, shall be payable on invoices not settled within 30 days of the auction date. Payment may be made by check or bank wire. Credit cards (Visa or MasterCard) will be accepted; credit card payments will not be accepted more than 14 days after the sale date. Payment by credit card for printed sale auctions will be charged a 2.5% handling fee. Payment by check must be made in either US dollars ($) drawn on a US bank or British sterling (£) drawn on a British bank. All successful bidders outside North America and the United Kingdom will be charged an additional $20 fee for bank charges that are the result of international wire transfer fees; this fee will be deducted for credit card or check payment as described above. CNG may reduce or compromise any charge or fee at its discretion.

13. All rights granted by CNG or otherwise available to bidders and purchasers, under these Auction Terms or otherwise, are personal and may not be assigned or transferred to any other person or entity, whether by operation of law or otherwise. No third party may rely on any benefit or right conferred by these Auction Terms. Bidders acting as agents must disclose the agency in writing to CNG prior to the auction; otherwise rights are limited to the agent and are not transferable to the undisclosed principal.

5. Bidders not known to us must provide us with satisfactory credit references or pay a deposit as determined at CNG’s discretion before bidding. Minors are not permitted to bid without written consent of a parent guaranteeing payment. CNG may require payment in full from any bidder prior to delivery of lots. Title does not pass until lots are paid in full. Upon receipt of lots, the buyer assumes full responsibility for loss or damage. Delivery to the buyer’s address of record shall constitute receipt by the buyer regardless of the identity of the person accepting delivery.

11. Prices realized are published after the sale and are mailed with CNG’s next publication. Prices realized are also posted after the sale on CNG’s web site: cngcoins.com 12. Bidders hereby waive any claim for incidental, consequential or exemplary damages arising from this auction. The sole remedy that any participant in the auction shall have for any claim or controversy arising out of the auction shall be a refund, without interest, of all or part of the purchase price paid by the participant.

14. Any dispute regarding this auction shall be governed by the laws of Pennsylvania and shall be adjudicated only by the Lancaster County Court of Common Pleas or the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania; all bidders submit themselves to the personal jurisdiction of these courts for this purpose, consent to service of process by registered or certified mail, and waive any contrary provisions of Articles 14 or 15 of the French Civil Code and any similar provisions in any jurisdiction. All bidders consent to the confidentiality of consignors’ identities and waive any right to require disclosure of the name of the consignor or owner of any auction lot, whether such right is based on any provision in any jurisdiction. In any dispute regarding this auction, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover its reasonable costs and attorney fees.


Meet the Team

Mike Gasvoda

Victor England

Eric McFadden

Dave Michaels

Steve Pruzinsky

David Guest

Paul Hill

Ken McDevitt

Bradley R. Nelson

D. Scott VanHorn

Kerry Wetterstrom

Bill Dalzell

Caroline Holmes

Jeffrey B. Rill

Lance Hickman

Travis Markel

Ally Martin

Dylan Ossman

Karen Zander

Alexandra Spyra

Managing Director Lancaster Office

Managing Numismatist London Office

Senior Numismatist Lancaster Office

Manager IT & Production Lancaster Office

Consulting Director Lancaster Office

Managing Numismatist London Office

Numismatist Lancaster Office

Photography Lancaster Office

Consulting Director London Office

Managing Numismatist Sale Development Lancaster Office

Numismatist London Office

Photography Lancaster Office

Director Shows & Consignments Lancaster Office

Senior Numismatist Lancaster Office

Numismatist Lancaster Office

Office Manager Lancaster Office

Chief Financial Officer Lancaster Office

Senior Numismatist Lancaster Office

Numismatist Lancaster Office

Office Manager London Office

Additional Support IT Consultant: A.J. Gatlin Printing Control: Robert A. Trimble Auctioneers: Jeffrey B. Rill (License No. AU006206) Brian Callahan (License No. AU005870)

Sharon Pruzinsky Accounting Lancaster Office

Kate Rill

Customer Relations Manager Lancaster Office

Julia Motter

Office Staff Lancaster Office


Participate in CNG 117 using CNG’s Bidding Portal

With the CNG Bidding Portal, you can: • Log on and bid at any time at auctions.cngcoins.com • View the lots, follow the bidding, and see hammer prices as they are sold • Hear and see the auctioneer live • Enjoy all the advantages of an auction room bidder to win your favorite lots To bid live in this Feature auction: • Visit our new Bidding Portal before the auction at auctions.cngcoins.com • Register online with your email address and a password • Once approved, you may place pre-bids up until the moment the lot opens in the auction room • On the auction day, login to join the auction and participate live Please Note • If you have not already registered for our bidding platform, launched in November 2019, you must create a new registration at auctions.cngcoins.com/register. Your old cngcoins.com handle and password will not allow you to log on or bid. • You must register to bid before 5PM EST on Tuesday, May 18, 2021 • All lots won through the CNG Bidding Portal will be subject to a 20% buyer’s fee

Download our app today.

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Important Notice of Changes Due to the continuing situation regarding the novel coronavirus COVID-19, governments may change restrictions upon public gatherings and travel. It is therefore possible that all of the information below, regarding venue, lot viewing, and lot pickup, as well as the terms of sale listed above, may change. CNG will communicate any changes via email and social media (Facebook and Twitter).

Lot Viewing Lancaster, PA

Auction lots may be viewed at our Lancaster Office from April 19, 2021 until May 19, 2021, by appointment only. Lancaster Office Hours: 10 AM - 5 PM (Monday - Friday).

Online Viewing Enlargements of all single lots and selected multiple lots may be viewed on the internet at

CNGCOINS.COM SIXBID.COM NumisBids.com We are sorry, but photographs of individual coins in multiple lots cannot be provided.

Auction Location This sale will be conducted live Online from our Lancaster, PA Office

Lot Pickup Lots will be mailed from our Lancaster, PA Office subsequent to the sale

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ORDER OF SALE Session One – Wednesday Morning – May 19 – 9:00 AM Greek Coinage (part 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–305

Session Two – Wednesday Afternoon – May 19 – 2:00 PM Greek Coinage (part 2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306–334 Oriental Greek Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 335–357 Central Asian Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 358–398 Roman Provincial Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399–431 Roman Republican & Imperatorial Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432–474 Roman Imperial Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475–636

Session Three – Thursday Morning – May 20 – 9:00 AM Byzantine Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 637–735 Early Medieval & Islamic Coinage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 736–748 The W. R. K. Great Lakes Collection of Early Dated Coins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 749–852 World Coinage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 853–888

World Medals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 889–911

Session Four – Thursday Afternoon – May 20 – 2:00 PM United States Coinage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 912–963 United States Medals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 964–977 British Coinage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 978–1085 British Medals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1086–1096

The Connoisseur Collection: Antiquities, Art, and Reference Books. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1097–1158

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Dr. Jay M. Galst 1950-2020

Jay Martin Galst was born on May 15, 1950, in Milwaukee to Julian Galst, a grocer and owner of Galst Foods, and Phyllis Tannenbaum Galst. After graduating from the University of Wisconsin (Madison) in 1972 with a Bachelor of Science degree in chemistry, Jay moved to New York City where he completed his medical degree at Columbia University’s College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1976. He then completed his residency in ophthalmology at New York Medical College in 1980. Jay was married to his wife, Dr. Joann Paley Galst, for 48 years. Jay and Joann both grew up in Milwaukee, and they had been best friends since high school. A coin collector since his childhood, Jay’s father would bring home coins from the day’s receipts at his grocery store, and Jay would then search through them for wheat pennies, buffalo nickels, and other numismatic treasures. Jay was able to combine his love of numismatics with his professional career as an ophthalmologist, and he wrote a book about the coins, tokens, medals, and similar objects that were all related to the eye. Along with his co-author, Dr. Peter van Alfen, chief curator at the American Numismatic Society, Jay’s magnum opus was published in 2013 as Volume 13 in the supplemental series to Julius Hirschberg’s History of Ophthalmology. The volume, Ophthalmologia, Optica et Visio in Nummis (“Ophthalmology, Optics and Vision in Numismatics”), is 574 pages long with over 1,700 entries, and many of the coins and artifacts described and documented are from Jay’s own collection. In addition to his scholarly pursuits, Jay was very active in the coin hobby at both the local and national levels. He joined the New York Numismatic Club in 1981 and served as Secretary-Treasurer (1984-85), Vice President (1986-87), and President (1988-89). He was a member of the Club’s Board of Directors from 1991-2000, and served as Chairman from 2001 until his death. He was also Chairman of the NYNC Centennial Committee. Jay was a member of the Bronx Coin Club, where he served as President from 1998-2006, and the Chicago Coin Club, which he joined in 1991. Jay was a Life Fellow of the American Numismatic Society, a Life Member of the American Numismatic Association, a Fellow of the Royal Numismatic Society, and a member of the American Israel Numismatic Association. For the ANA, he worked as a District Delegate and Exhibit Judge, and was honored for his services to the ANA with their Glenn Smedley Memorial Award in 2015. In 2014, he was voted a Numismatic Ambassador, sponsored at that time by Krause Publications. Professionally, Jay established a successful private ophthalmological practice in New York City in 1980. He was a Clinical Professor at the New York Medical College, Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology, Icahn School of Medicine of Mount Sinai, a Senior Attending Surgeon at the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, an Honorary Surgeon of the New York City Police Department, and an officer in the Order of St. John. He was involved with the Truhlsen-Marmor Museum of the Eye in San Francisco since 1985, which is affiliated with the American Academy of Ophthalmology, where he served on numerous committees, and he was Co-Chair of the Museum’s Collections Committee from 2018 until his death. In addition, he was a board member of the Cogan Ophthalmic History Society, and a member and past president of the Ocular Heritage Society. A list of Jay’s professional and hobby accomplishments, while impressive, does not define the man, who is remembered by his family, friends, and colleagues as a kind, compassionate, generous, friendly, thoughtful, and intelligent person. He is missed by all that were privileged to know him. Dr. Jay M. Galst died on April 12, 2020 at a hospital in Manhattan from complications due to COVID-19. He was 69. In addition to his wife, Jay is survived by his mother; a sister, Terri Frenkel; a son, David; a granddaughter; and a grandson, who was born two and a half months after his death. CNG is honored to offer selections from Jay’s United States coin and medal collection in this sale, and our associated electronic auction, CNG 492.

Lot 935 8


Lot 972

William H. Birkinshaw William Harold Birkinshaw began collecting foreign coins as a hobby in his early childhood. That hobby turned into a passion, which is now focused on ancient Greek and Roman coins. Born in San Francisco, “Bill” graduated from Menlo Atherton High School and then went on to the University of California at Berkeley, where he earned an engineering degree. After securing his degree, Bill served his country in the U.S. Army, where he put his surveying and engineering skill to work in Ethiopia. He used his spare time in Ethiopia to further his collecting of coins from the African continent. After returning stateside, Bill became an engineer at the Port of Oakland in Oakland, California. A distinguished 39-year career ended with his retirement in 2006. Bill also enjoys collecting stamps, sea-shells, rare minerals, and fossils. More recently, he has begun a collection of early U.S. coins and colonial notes. Bill states that beyond the enjoyment of collecting, it provides an excellent appreciation and education of ancient and modern history. He wishes more of the younger generation would develop a healthy interest in collecting. To that end, he has started his five great nephews and nieces each with a small collection to hopefully ignite that flame. Happy collecting to all!

Lot 232

Lot 476 9


Session 1 – Tuesday, May 19, 2021 — 9 AM

GREEK COINAGE

1. IBERIA, Punic Iberia. Circa 237-209 BC. AR Quarter Shekel (13.5mm, 1.80 g, 11h). Laureate head of Melkart left; club over shoulder / Elephant standing right. MHC 45 (dies 30/44); ACIP 555; SNG BM Spain 102. Lightly toned, slightly off center on obverse, flan crack, minor pitting. VF. Rare. ($1000) Ex Roma E-Sale 47 (28 June 2018), lot 1.

2. IBERIA, Punic Iberia. Circa 237-209 BC. Æ Half Unit (21mm, 5.72 g, 1h). Helmeted head of male right / Palm tree. MHC 113; ACIP 581; SNG BM Spain 94. Attractive dark green patina with light earthen dusting. Good VF. ($300) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 54 (14 June 2000), lot 104.

3. GAUL, Massalia. Circa 440-410 BC. AR Obol (8.5mm, 0.87 g). Head of male right, wearing helmet decorated with four-spoked wheel / Wheel with four spokes. F&P OBM2c; Depeyrot, Hellénistiques 2; SNG Blackburn 1. Toned, slightly granular surfaces. VF. ($400) From the Ealing Collection. Ex CNG inventory 262238 (July 2005).

4 5 4. ETRURIA, Uncertain inland mint. Circa 300-250 BC. Cast Æ Uncia (25mm, 16.31 g). Wheel with four spokes / Krater; pellet (mark of value) above. ICC 166; HN Italy 57e. Earthen green-brown patina, edge chip, interesting casting sprue. Good VF. ($750) 5. APULIA, Luceria. Circa 217-212 BC. Æ Aes Grave Quincunx (33.5mm, 36.90 g). Four wheel spokes on a raised disk / Four wheel spokes; five pellets (mark of value) in one quarter, 6 in opposite; all on a raised disk. ICC 345; HN Italy 677a. Green patina. Near EF. Attractive for issue. ($750)

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6. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 480-470 BC. AR Nomos (18mm, 7.67 g). Taras, nude, both arms outstretched, riding dolphin left; scallop shell below / Wheel of four spokes; in each quarter, dolphin leaping right. Fischer-Bossert Group 4, 70 (V31/R54); Vlasto 82 (same dies); HN Italy 833; SNG BN 1587 = de Luynes 262 (same dies); McClean 531 (same dies). Iridescent tone, minor die wear. VF. Very rare, only one other example in CoinArchives. ($1500)

7. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 344-340 BC. AR Nomos (20.5mm, 7.86 g, 8h). Warrior, nude but for crested helmet, holding shield, on horse galloping left; small d below / Phalanthos, nude, holding kantharos, riding dolphin left; below, E above dolphin left above waves. Fischer-Bossert Group 46, 648 (V251/R500); Vlasto 388 (same dies); HN Italy 870; SNG ANS 905 (same dies); SNG Lockett 159 (same dies). Toned with some iridescence, minor die wear and traces of undertype on obverse. Near EF. ($1000)

8. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 272-240 BC. AR Nomos (19mm, 6.42 g, 11h). Reduced standard. Warrior, nude but for crested helmet, holding rein, shield on left arm, on horse stepping left; EU to left, År5-stW@ below / Phalanthos, nude, holding hippocamp and trident, riding dolphin left; zWπ to right. Vlasto 931 corr. (obv. legends; same obv. die); HN Italy 1044. Attractive iridescent tone, minor flan flaw and a little die wear on reverse. Superb EF. Well centered. ($2000) Ex Classical Numismatic Auctions XVI (16 August 1991), lot 11.

9. LUCANIA, Herakleia. Circa 330/25-281 BC. AR Nomos (19.5mm, 7.20 g, 8h). Helmeted head of Athena right; ˚ behind neck / Herakles standing left, holding club and bow, lion skin draped over arm; oinoechoe to upper left, ÅQÅ to left. Van Keuren 85; HN Italy 1384. Toned, short scratch on obverse, small test punch on reverse. VF. ($500) From the JTB Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica Spring Sale 2020 (25 May 2020), lot 50.

10. LUCANIA, Herakleia. Circa 281-278 BC. AR Drachm (17mm, 3.69 g, 12h). Helmeted head of Athena facing slightly right; L to left / Owl standing right, head facing, on olive branch; club to left. Van Keuren 116 (same dies as illustration); HN Italy 1413. Deep iridescent tone, a little die rust on obverse. EF. ($2000) Ex M. A. Armstrong Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 102, 18 May 2016), lot 39; Numismatica Ars Classica 10 (9 April 1997), lot 31.

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11. LUCANIA, Laos. Circa 480-460 BC. AR Nomos (19mm, 7.63 g, 4h). Man-headed bull standing left, head right; horizontal acorn in exergue / Man-headed bull standing right. Sternberg 15 (V11/R9); HN Italy 2277; SNG ANS 136 = Sartiges 221; SNG Fitzwilliam 446; SNG Lloyd 288 = Bement 146; SNG Lockett 363; SNG Newham Davis 19; KraayHirmer 216 = Seltman, Greek, pl. 18, 1 = BMC 3 (all from the same dies). Lightly toned, overstruck on uncertain type (likely an earlier issue of Laos), die striations on obverse. VF. Rare. ($1000)

12. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 540-510 BC. AR Nomos (27mm, 8.14 g, 12h). Ear of barley with eight grains and bracts at base; 7eT down left field / Incuse ear of barley with nine grains. Noe Class I, 15 (same dies); HN Italy 1459; SNG ANS 167 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 1158 (same dies). Find patina, minor flan flaw on obverse. Good VF. Struck from fresh dies. An attractive coin in hand. ($1500)

13 14 13. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 540-510 BC. AR Third Nomos (19mm, 2.66 g, 12h). Ear of barley with eight grains and bracts at base; 7eT up right field / Incuse ear of barley with eight grains. Noe Class III, 79–83 var. (ethnic); HN Italy 1480. Attractive old cabinet tone with golden hues, area of weak strike on obverse, die break on reverse. Good VF. ($500) From the Grand Haven Collection.

14. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 470-440 BC. AR Nomos (19mm, 8.10 g, 11h). Ear of barley with six grains; retrograde 7eTA up left field / Incuse ear of barley with six grains. Noe Class XI, 252 (same obv. die); HN Italy 1484. Toned, minor porosity, small mark on obverse. Good VF. ($500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 57 (4 April 2001), lot 38; Classical Numismatic Group 54 (14 June 2000), lot 169.

15. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 400-340 BC. AR Nomos (22mm, 7.53 g, 4h). Head of Zeus right, wearing laurel wreath; d to left, E¬EUQEr5os to right / Barley ear with leaf to left; to left, Silenos crouching facing above leaf, Åd below; µEtÅ downward to right. Johnston Class A, 2.1 (same dies); HN Italy 1557; SNG ANS 451 (same dies). Deeply toned with faint iridescence, patches of find patina. Near EF. Struck in high relief. ($3000) 12


16. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 330-290 BC. AR Nomos (22.5mm, 7.88 g, 7h). Wreathed head of Demeter left / Barley ear of seven grains, leaf to left; tongs above leaf, [Å]QÅ below. Johnston Class C, 4.8 (same dies as illustration); HN Italy 1583. Toned, light mark on obverse. Good VF. ($1500) Ex Freeman & Sear inventory G10172 (ND); Paul H. Gerrie Collection (Triton XII, 6 January 2009), lot 41.

Ex Pozzi Collection

17. LUCANIA, Poseidonia. Circa 470-445 BC. AR Nomos (17mm, 7.79 g, 12h). Poseidon advancing right, wielding trident / Bull standing right, retrograde inscription above. HN Italy 1114; SNG ANS 646; Pozzi (Boutin) 574 (this coin). Dark old cabinet toning, typical compact flan, light cleaning marks. VF. ($3000) From the Alpine Collection. Ex Prof. Samuel-Jean Pozzi Collection (not in Naville sale). Coin includes an old French Collection ticket.

18. LUCANIA, Sybaris. Circa 550-510 BC. AR Nomos (26.5mm, 8.19 g, 12h). Bull standing left, head right; ¨µ above / Incuse bull standing right, head left. S&S Class A, pl. XLVIII, 1–3; Gorini 3; HN Italy 1729. Trace deposits. Near EF. Better metal than usual. ($1500)

19. LUCANIA, Sybaris. Circa 550-510 BC. AR Nomos (26.5mm, 8.06 g, 12h). Bull standing left, head right; ¨µ in exergue / Incuse bull standing right, head left. S&S Class B, pl. XLVIII, 4–8; Gorini 2; HN Italy 1729. Find patina. Good VF. Excellent metal. ($2000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 67 (22 September 2004), lot 150.

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20. LUCANIA, Velia. Circa 280 BC. AR Nomos (20mm, 7.61 g, 11h). Kerykeion-Thunderbolt Group. Helmeted head of Athena left, helmet decorated with griffin, f on neck guard; 6 behind neck / Lion stalking right; above, kerykeion right. Williams 518 (O262/R364); HN Italy 1316. Attractive old collection tone, slight die shift on reverse. Near EF. ($3000) Ex Matthew Curtis Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 87, May 2011), lot 186; Kirk Davis FPL 31 (July 2000), no. 5; Gorny & Mosch 102 (24 May 2000), lot 36; Sternberg XXIX (30 October 1995), lot 150.

Rare Kaulonia Drachm

21. BRUTTIUM, Kaulonia. Circa 500-480 BC. AR Third Nomos – Drachm (16mm, 2.27 g, 11h). Apollo advancing right, holding branch aloft in right hand, left arm extended, upon which a small daimon, holding branch in each hand, runs right; oÒ¨`K to left; to right, stag standing right, head reverted; dot-and-cable border / Incuse of obverse, but no daimon and ethnic in relief; radiate border. Noe, Caulonia 205 (same dies); Gorini 10; HN Italy 2039; BMC 15 (same dies); Rhousopoulos 210 (same dies). Toned, a couple light marks in fields. Good VF. Excellent metal. Very rare denomination. ($7500) Ex Gasvoda Collection (Triton XXII, 9 January 2019), lot 78; Friend of a Scholar Collection (CNG Inventory 403386, April 2015), purchased from Maison Platt, June 1985.

Ex Gasvoda, Rudman, & Moretti Collections Illustrated by Holloway

22. BRUTTIUM, Kaulonia. Circa 475-425 BC. AR Nomos (20mm, 8.08 g, 12h). Apollo advancing right, holding branch aloft in right hand, left arm extended, upon which a small daimon runs right; to left, boukranion facing within the branches of a tree; to right, stag standing right, head reverted on basis; pellet border / Stag standing right; [˚Ũ¬o@5ÅtÅ]- around; no border. Noe, Caulonia, Group G, 108 (same dies); HN Italy 2049; SNG ANS 185 (same dies); SNG Lockett 588 = Pozzi 274 (same dies); Holloway, Art, p. 13, 1, p. 48, and p. 117 (this coin); Hunterian 10 (same dies). Attractive cabinet tone with hints of iridescence, a few minor scratches. Near EF. Rare. ($10,000) Ex Gasvoda Collection (Triton XXII, 9 January 2019), lot 79; Edward J. Waddell inventory 51481 (August 2014); William N. Rudman Collection; A.D. Moretti Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica P, 12 May 2005), lot 1097.

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23. BRUTTIUM, Kroton. Circa 530-500 BC. AR Nomos (29mm, 8.15 g, 12h). Spread incuse type. Tripod, legs surmounted by wreaths and terminating in lion’s feet, two serpents rising inward from feet, set on basis of three lines, the center dotted / Incuse tripod as obverse, but wreaths in relief, less ornamentation, and no serpents. Gorini 1; Attianese 4; HN Italy 2075. Toned, faint graffito (“Π”) in field on reverse. EF. Well centered. ($2500) The Delphic tripod depicted on both the obverse (in relief) and reverse (incuse) derive from the city’s foundational legend. According to this, Myskellos, obeying a directive of the oracle of Delphi, led a group of Achaean settlers to the site and founded the city around 710 BC. This divine sanction is represented by the tripod of the oracle, which became the civic badge of Kroton and is featured on its coinage. Kroton was among the first cities to produce coinage in Italy, its earliest being of the incuse type struck on the Achaian standard.

24. BRUTTIUM, Kroton. Circa 530-500 BC. AR Nomos (29mm, 8.44 g, 12h). Spread incuse type. Tripod, legs surmounted by wreaths and terminating in lion’s feet, two serpents rising from the bowl, set on basis of three lines, the center dotted / Incuse tripod as obverse, but wreaths and serpents in relief. Gorini 3 and p. 152–3 = Basel 194; Attianese 5; HN Italy 2075. Attractive cabinet tone with light golden hues. Near EF. ($2000) Ex B.G. Collection; Nomos FPL (Winter-Spring 2010), no. 5; Numismatic Fine Arts XXII (1 June 1989), lot 179.

Alliance Issue

25. BRUTTIUM, Kroton. Alliance issue with Temesa. Circa 430-420 BC. AR Nomos (17.5mm, 7.57 g, 2h). Tripod, legs terminating in lion’s feet / Corinthian helmet right. Montesanti Group III, XI-3; HN Italy 2122. Light iridescent tone, slight porosity on obverse, cleaning marks/smoothing on reverse. VF. Very rare. ($1500)

26. BRUTTIUM, Rhegion. Circa 450-445 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.12 g, 10h). Lion mask facing / Iokastos seated left, holding scepter, within laurel wreath. Herzfelder 15 (D8/R14); HN Italy 2478; Pozzi 327 (same dies). Old collection tone with some faint iridescence, traces of find patina, die break on obverse, cleaning scratches on reverse. VF. ($500) 15


27 28 27. BRUTTIUM, Terina. Circa 300 BC. AR Drachm (15mm, 1.77 g, 12h). Head of the nymph Terina left; triskeles behind neck / Nike seated left on plinth, holding out hand upon which a small bird alights; star to left. Holloway & Jenkins 110; HN Italy 2642. Iridescent tone. VF. ($300) Reportedly ex Dr. Hartmann Collection (not in November 2017 Dorotheum sale).

28. SICILY, Akragas. Phintias. Tyrant, 287-279 BC. Æ (22mm, 6.43 g, 12h). Struck circa 282-279 BC. Wreathed head of Artemis left, [quiver over shoulder] / Boar standing left. BAR Issue 10; CNS 117; HGC 2, 170. Attractive green patina, a few minor flaws in patina. Good VF. ($500)

29. SICILY, Entella. Punic issues. Circa 320/15-300 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.01 g, 8h). Head of Arethousa left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple pendant earring, and pearl necklace; four dolphins around / Head of horse left; palm tree to right, †nJMM` below. Jenkins, Punic, Series 3a, 143 (O46/R129); CNP 267; HGC 2, 284; SNG Lloyd 1630 (same dies). Old cabinet tone. Near EF. Well centered on a broad flan. ($3000)

30. SICILY, Entella. Punic issues. Circa 320/15-300 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 16.93 g, 3h). Wreathed head of Arethousa left; three dolphins around / Head of horse left; palm tree to right, MM (Punic MM) below. Jenkins, Punic, Series 3b, 218 (O65/R190); CNP 265b; HGC 2, 287; SNG Delepierre 722 (same dies); SNG Gustaf 44 (same dies). Minor die shift on obverse, slight die rust on reverse. Superb EF. Well struck in high relief. ($5000)

31. SICILY, Gela. Circa 480/75-475/70 BC. AR Hexas – Dionkion (5.5mm, 0.09 g, 9h). Head of horse left / Two pellets (mark of value) above and below 1E. Cf. Jenkins, Gela 202/200 (for obv./rev. type; unlisted dies); HGC 2, 377 corr. (head left or right, some with ethnic). Toned. VF. Extremely rare. ($300) From the Judy Day Frink Collection, purchased from Edward J. Waddell.

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32. SICILY, Gela. Circa 450-440 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 16.68 g, 2h). Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand and reins in left, driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses with wreath held in both hands; palmette with long tendrils in exergue / Forepart of man-headed bull right; [1]E¬Ås above. Jenkins, Gela, Group IV, 346 (O66/R136); HGC 2, 343; SNG Lloyd 967–8 (same obv. die); SNG Lockett 771 (same obv. die); BMC 36 (same obv. die); Rizzo pl. XVII, 19 (same dies). Deeply toned, hairline flan crack, minor pitting and roughness on reverse. Good VF. ($3000) Ex Leu 7 (9 May 1973), lot 52.

33. SICILY, Himera. Circa 500-483/2 BC. AR Drachm (18mm, 5.74 g, 11h). Cock standing left / Hen standing right in linear square within incuse square. Kraay Group VIb, 181 (O106/R105); HGC 2, 423; SNG Fitzwilliam 1019 (same dies). Toned, struck with worn obverse die. Good VF. ($500)

34. SICILY, Himera. Circa 430 BC. AR Litra (10mm, 0.51 g, 2h). Bearded head right, wearing diadem / Corinthian helmet decorated with spiral ornament; all within circular incuse. HGC 2, 447; SNG Lloyd 1028 (same dies). Toned, a little granular. Good VF. Rare. ($500) Ex Matthew Curtis Collection (Triton XIV, 4 January 2011), lot 20.

35. SICILY, Himera. Circa 409-407 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.61 g, 9h). Obverse die signed by the artist Mai-. The nymph Himera, holding reins in both hands, driving unruly quadriga right; above, Nike flying left, crowning her with wreath held in extended right hand, left hand holding plaque inscribed ÂÅ5; in exergue, ketos left / Himera standing facing, head left, holding in right hand a patera over altar to left; to right, satyr bathing in fountain with lion-headed spout; [˜o5Å-rEÂ-5˙ counterclockwise around from exergue]. Arnold-Biucchi, Monetazione, Group IV, 22 (Q8/H17); Gutmann & Schwabacher 20; HGC 2, 436; SNG Lloyd 1022 (same dies); Basel 306 (same dies); Gillet 434 (same dies); Kraay & Hirmer 71 (same dies); Rizzo pl. XXI, 23 = de Luynes 977 (same dies). Lightly toned, a few minor scratches, minor die rust on reverse. Good VF. ($3000) 17


36. SICILY, Kamarina. Circa 425-405 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 16.98 g, 9h). Athena, wearing crested Attic helmet and long chiton, holding kentron in right hand and reins in both, driving galloping quadriga right; above, Nike flying left, preparing to crown Athena with wreath held in both hands; in exergue, two amphorai dividing [˚]ÅÂ-Å-r5@Å / Beardless head of Herakles left, wearing lion skin headdress tied at neck; bow to left. Westermark & Jenkins 152 (O10/R19); HGC 2, 526; SNG Fitzwilliam 945 (same dies); SNG Stockholm 431 = Pozzi 400 (same dies); Athena Fund I 1 (same dies); BMC 13 (same dies); Gillet 368 = Rizzo pl. V, 15 (same dies); Jameson 525a (same dies); Weber 1246 (same dies). Toned, minor doubling. Good VF. ($5000)

37. SICILY, Katane. Circa 445-435 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.95 g, 12h). Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand and reins in both, driving slow quadriga of horses right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses with wreath held in both hands / Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath; ˚ÅtÅnÅ5os to right. Mirone 43–4; HGC 2, 567; Rizzo, pl. XI, 11 (same dies). Toned, find patina on obverse. Good VF. ($3000)

The “Maestro della foglia”

38. SICILY, Katane. Circa 435-412 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 16.80 g, 9h). Reverse die signed by the “Maestro della foglia.” Charioteer, wearing long chiton, holding kentron in left hand and reins in both, driving fast quadriga of horses right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses with wreath held in both hands / Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath; plane leaf to left (signature), ˚ÅtÅ@Å5o@ to right. Mirone –; HGC 2, 572 (same dies as illustration); SNG ANS 1256 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 898 (same dies); Basel –; Dewing –; Gillet 392 (same dies); Gulbenkian 185 = Jameson 541 (same dies); Hunt –; Pozzi 417 (same dies); Rizzo pl. XII, 11 (same dies); de Sartiges –. Toned, trace deposits, some light porosity. EF. Well struck on a broad flan. An excellent example of this rare issue. ($7500) During the second half of the 5th century the design of the Katanian tetradrachms underwent a radical change with the introduction of a racing chariot on the obverse and a head of Apollo on the reverse. While reflecting dramatic stylistic developments, these types were to remain relatively unchanged down to the time of the capture of the city in 404 BC by Dionysios, tyrant of Syracuse, who sold the population into slavery. The “Maestro della foglia” or “Master of the Leaf” is the appellation that Rizzo gave to the master engraver who began the transformation of Katanian coin design. The driver and horses come alive, as if they truly are trying to win the race, rather than merely posing. The face of Apollo begins to carry a hint of a bemused expression, and his locks of hair become more unruly. Over the course of the next decade the successors to the master – Euainetos, Herakleidas, and Choirion – would produce their own unrivaled masterpieces.

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Signed by Herakleidas

39. SICILY, Katane. Circa 412-403 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.01 g, 8h). Obverse die signed by Herakleidas. Charioteer, holding goad in right hand and reins in both, driving fast quadriga left, passing turn-post to right; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer with wreath in extended right hand; ˙ (signature) in exergue / Head of Apollo left, wearing tainia; ˚Å[tÅ@Å5W@] to left, crawfish to right. Mirone 55 bis (same dies); HGC 2, 573 (same dies as illustration); SNG ANS 1259 var. (same dies, but before crawfish engraved in die); SNG Lloyd 900 (same dies); Basel 336 var. (no crawfish; same obv. die); Gulbenkian 187 var. (same dies, but before crawfish engraved in die); Kraay & Hirmer 40 var. (no crawfish; same obv. die); Jameson 544 (same dies); Rizzo pl. XIV, 3 (same dies). Toned, some die wear, faint scratches, flan flaw on reverse. Good VF. Attractive style. ($7500)

40. SICILY, Lilybaion (as ‘Cape of Melkart’). Circa 350-310 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 16.86 g, 11h). Charioteer, holding kentron and reins, driving fast quadriga left; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer with wreath; [teQ¬Mße (RŠM[LQRT] = “Raš Melqart” in Punic) in exergue] / Head of Arethousa right, hair in [ampyx]; two dolphins flanking. Jenkins, Punic 15 (O8/R12); CNP 336; HGC 2, 733. Lightly toned. In NGC encapsulation 4536406-009, graded XF, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 3/5. Very rare issue with this portrait of Arethousa with two dolphins, only one noted by Jenkins (in the BN), one sale record in CNP (Gorny & Mosch 130, lot 1071 = Heritage 3012, lot 24409), one additional in CoinArchives (Pecunem 2, lot 7 = Pecunem 1, lot 11). ($1500) Ex Gorny and Mosch 196 (7 March 2011), lot 1256.

41. SICILY, Lilybaion (as ‘Cape of Melkart’). Circa 330-305 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 16.66 g, 4h). Charioteer, holding kentron in extended right hand and reins in left, driving fast quadriga left; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer with open wreath held in both hands; teQ¬Mße (RŠMLQRT = “Raš Melqart” in Punic) in exergue / Head of Arethousa right, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; three dolphins swimming around. Jenkins, Punic 69 (O24/R52); CNP 344; HGC 2, 743; BMC 4 (same dies); Hirsch 821 (same dies); de Luynes 925 (same dies). Lightly toned, edge split some die wear. Near EF. ($2000) 19


Very Rare “Mamar” Hemilitron

42. SICILY, “Mamar”. Circa 409-403 BC. Æ Hemilitron (21mm, 7.79 g, 7h). Forepart of man-headed bull left; [ÂÅ]Â-Å-r around / Winged nymph advancing left, holding bandage(?); star to left, five pellets (mark of value) around. Campana 1; MSP I 45 (same dies); CNS –; HGC 2, –; SNG Copenhagen 1072; BMC 1. Glossy dark green patina with spots of red, some light scratches. VF. Very rare. ($750) From the Martinez Collection. Ex Astarte X (12 December 2002), lot 302 (hammer CHF 6400).

43. SICILY, Messana. 425-421 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 16.45 g, 1h). Charioteer, holding reins, driving slow biga of mules right; above, Nike advancing right on reins, crowning mules with wreath; olive leaf and berry in exergue / Hare springing right; below, dolphin right. Caltabiano Series XIII, 487 (D199/R198); HGC 2, 787; SNG ANS 358 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 1095 (same dies); Boston MFA 290 (same dies); McClean 2395 (same dies). Porous surfaces, some cleaning scratches. Good VF. ($1500) From the Grand Haven Collection, purchased from James Beach.

44. SICILY, Messana. 420-413 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 17.35 g, 7h). The nymph Messana, holding kentron in left hand and reins in both, driving slow biga of mules right; µEssÅ-@Å above and before, two dolphins confronted in exergue / Hare springing right; below, dolphin right; µEs-sÅ-˜5-o-˜ around. Caltabiano Series XIV, – (D207/R221 [unlisted die combination]); HGC 2, 792; SNG Copenhagen 400 (same obv. die); SNG Lockett 826 (same obv. die); SNG Manchester 424 (same rev. die); Dewing 649 (same rev. die); Ognina 123 (same rev. die). Old collection tone, with some deep iridescence and underlying luster, patches of find patina, minor die wear. Near EF. ($4000)

45. SICILY, Messana. 420-413 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.21 g, 11h). The nymph Messana, holding kentron in left hand and reins in both, driving slow biga of mules right; µEssÅ-@Å above and before, two dolphins confronted in exergue / Hare springing right; below, dolphin right; µEs-sÅ-˜5-o-˜ around. Caltabiano Series XIV, 524 (D208/R221); HGC 2, 792; SNG Manchester 424 (same dies); Dewing 649 (same dies); Ognina 123 (same dies). Attractively toned. Good VF. Struck on a broad flan. ($4000) Ex Künker 277 (21 June 2016), lot 23; Triton XVII (7 January 2014), lot 53; Freeman & Sear 13 (25 August 2006), lot 84.

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46 47 46. SICILY, Messana. 412-408 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 17.17 g, 4h). The nymph Messana, holding kentron and reins, driving slow biga of mules left; two dolphins confronted in exergue / Hare springing left; above, dove flying left; grain ear below. Caltabiano Series XV A, 620–1 var. (D220/R– [unlisted rev. die]); HGC 2, 800; SNG ANS 378; SNG Lloyd 1105; McClean 2398; Rizzo pl. XXVII, 5 (all from the same obv. die). Toned, flan a little irregular. Good VF. ($1500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Ponterio 129 (16 January 2004), lot 357.

47. SICILY, Selinos. Circa 540-515 BC. AR Didrachm (21.5mm, 8.65 g). Selinon leaf / Incuse square divided into twelve sections. Arnold-Biucchi Group I, 7; Selinus Hoard 31–3; HGC 2, 1211. Small test cut at reverse edge. Near EF. ($750) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 46 (24 June 1998), lot 90.

48. SICILY, Syracuse. Gelon I. 485-478 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.31 g, 5h). Struck circa 480-478 BC. Charioteer, holding kentron and reins, driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses / Head of Arethousa right, wearing pearl tainia; four dolphins around. Boehringer Series VIa, 62 (V32/R41); HGC 2, 1306; SNG ANS 15 (same dies); Boston MFA 337 = Warren 308 (same dies); Lampson 85 (same dies). Attractive old collection tone, traces of find patina, minor flan flaw on reverse, edge scrape. VF. ($1500) Ex Robert O. Ebert Collection (Gemini V, 6 January 2009), lot 886 (part of); Gordon Dickie Collection (Empire Coins 7, 2 May 1987), lot 15.

Exceptional Tetradrachm from the Rosen Collection

49. SICILY, Syracuse. Hieron I. 478-466 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23.5mm, 17.39 g, 2h). Struck circa 478-475 BC. Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses with open wreath held in both hands / Head of Arethousa right, wearing pearl tainia and necklace; s¬-‰-Ak-os5-o[˜] and four dolphins around. Boehringer Series VIIIb, 178 (V79/R123); HGC 2, 1306; SNG ANS 55 (same dies); de Luynes 1150 (same dies); Andersen 29.1 and 32.1 (this coin). Attractive light iridescent tone, a couple of minor die breaks. EF. Fine style. ($20,000) From the Apollo to Apollo Collection. Ex LHS 102 (29 April 2008), lot 82; Leu 81 (16 May 2001), lot 103; Jonathan P. Rosen Collection (Münzen und Medaillen AG 72, 6 October 1987), lot 460; Lanz 34 (25 November 1985), lot 87.

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50. SICILY, Syracuse. Second Democracy. 466-405 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 17.23 g, 7h). Struck circa 466-460 BC. Charioteer driving quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses; in exergue, ketos right / Diademed head of Arethousa right; four dolphins around. Boehringer Series XIVa, 471 (V253/R339); HGC 2, 1311; Boston MFA 363 (same dies). Toned, traces of find patina, light marks. VF. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 43 (24 September 1997), lot 155.

Signed by Eumenos and Eukleidas

51. SICILY, Syracuse. Second Democracy. 466-405 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.37 g, 1h). Obverse die signed by Eumenos, reverse die signed by Eukleidas. Struck circa 415-409 BC. Charioteer, holding kentron in extended right hand and reins in left, driving fast quadriga left; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer with laurel wreath held in both hands; [E]¨µ˙@o¨ in exergue / Head of Arethousa left, wearing hoop earring and pearl necklace; [sUrÅ˚os5os above], E¨˚¬>E5dÅ in two lines on diptych below chin, four dolphins swimming around. Fischer-Bossert, Coins 24a (V9/R16 – this coin); Tudeer 24; HGC 2, 1328; SNG ANS 259; SNG Lloyd 1368; BMC 193; Boston MFA 401–2 = Warren 371–2; Gillet 612; Hunterian 60; de Luynes 1207; Ognina 287; Rizzo pl. XLII, 13 (all from the same dies). Attractive even gray tone with light golden hues around the devices, a little die rust, minor lamination. Near EF. ($20,000) Ex Gasvoda Collection (Triton XXII, 8 January 2019), lot 142; Gorny & Mosch 240 (10 October 2016), lot 39; Triton XIX (5 January 2016), lot 53; Künker 226 (11 March 2013), lot 242; Numismatica Ars Classica 64 (17 May 2012), lot 722; Numismatica Ars Classica 52 (7 October 2009), lot 75; LHS 102 (29 April 2008), lot 88; Numismatica Ars Classica 29 (11 May 2005), lot 115. The magnificent artistic flowering in Sicily in the 5th century BC has its origins in times of great strife. By the middle of the century, the situation began to resemble that of Renaissance Italy, where local princes engaged in continual warfare among themselves while employing the finest artists and craftsmen of their time. The result was the patronizing of some of the most talented coin engravers in history. In Syracuse, by the late 5th century BC these engravers were proudly signing their work, preserving the names of Kimon, Euainetos, Eumenos, Sosion, Herakleidas, Eukleidas, and others for posterity. Their handiwork included several collaborative efforts, including coins with obverse and reverse dies signed by different artists, as seen here. Indeed Eukleidas was so proud of his effort, he carefully placed his signature on a small raised two-paneled plaque below his serene head of Arethousa.

52. SICILY, Syracuse. Timoleon and the Third Democracy. 344-317 BC. AR Stater (21mm, 8.62 g, 6h). Pegasos flying left / Helmeted head of Athena right. Pegasi 1; HGC 2, 1400. Deep iridescent tone, a few tiny die breaks, minor area of roughness at edge. Good VF. ($750) From the Lampasas Collection, purchased from Nilus Coins, 2006.

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53. SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC. EL 25 Litrai – Hemistater (15mm, 3.58 g, 10h). Struck circa 306/5 BC. Laureate head of Apollo left; kithara to right / Tripod. Jenkins Group B (O8/R1); BAR Issue 10; HGC 2, 1294; BMC 260 (same obv. die). Light marks, minor deposits. VF. ($1500) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 64 (17 May 2012), lot 2132.

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54. SICILY, Syracuse. Hiketas II. 287-278 BC. Æ (21.5mm, 8.91 g, 12h). Struck circa 282-278 BC. Laureate head of Zeus Hellanios right; trophy to left / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; star to left. CNS 168A Rs 96; BAR Issue 39; HGC 2, 1449. Attractive even brown surfaces, trace deposits, typical slight striking weakness on high points. Near EF. ($200) 55. SICILY, Syracuse. Philistis, wife of Hieron II. 275-215 BC. AR 16 Litrai – Tetradrachm (27mm, 13.53 g, 2h). Struck circa 240-218/5 BC. Diademed and veiled head left; wreath to right / Nike driving slow quadriga right; f above. CCO 163 (D9/R16); BAR Issue 65; HGC 2, 1556; Burnett, Enna 22 (same dies). Lightly toned, tiny flan flaws and minor die wear on obverse. EF. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 43 (24 September 1997), lot 191; CNG inventory 90728 (January 1996).

Ex Magnaguti Collection – Pedigreed to 1949

56. SICILY, Syracuse. Gelon, son of Hieron II. 275-215 BC. AR 8 Litrai – Didrachm (23mm, 6.99 g, 1h). Diademed head left; to right, eagle standing left, head right / Nike driving slow quadriga right; Å to lower right. CCO 273.2 (D1/ R1 – this coin); BAR Issue 66; HGC 2, 1562; BMC 526 (same dies). Old collection tone, light marks and faint scratches. Good VF. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection, purchased from Nilus Coins, 2006. Ex Conte Alessandro Magnaguti Collection (Part I, Santamaria, 12 October 1949), lot 451.

57. SICILY, Syracuse. Fifth Democracy. 214-212 BC. AR 8 Litrai (21mm, 6.80 g, 2h). Helmeted head of Athena left / Thunderbolt; UÅ and % below. Burnett, Enna 28 (dies 10/D); BAR Issue 88; HGC 2, 1414. Toned. Good VF. Attractive style. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 438 (20 February 2019), lot 29 (professionally conserved since).

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58. SICILY, Syracuse. Fifth Democracy. 214-212 BC. AR 8 Litrai (23mm, 6.80 g, 9h). Helmeted head of Athena left / Winged thunderbolt; UÅ and s-¬ below. Burnett, Enna 30 (dies 10/E); BAR Issue 88; HGC 2, 1414; Gulbenkian 359 (same dies); McClean 2958 (same dies). Lightly toned, minor marks and tiny pit on obverse. EF. ($1500) From the Lampasas Collection, purchased from Nilus Coins, 2006.

59. ISLANDS off SICILY, Lipara. Circa 440-420 BC. Æ Hexas or Dionkion (22mm, 14.95 g, 1h). Head of Aiolos right, wearing pileos / Two pellets (mark of value) above and below ΛΙΠ. Manganaro, Vittoria 100bis-25; CNS 6/2; HGC 2, 1763. Dark green patina. Good VF. Rare. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex J. Olphin Collection (CNG 84, 5 May 2010), lot 130; Triton VI (14 January 2003), lot 131.

60. CARTHAGE. Circa 350-320 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 9.23 g, 3h). Carthage mint. Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and necklace with eight pendants / Horse standing right on exergual line; three pellets to right of foreleg. Jenkins & Lewis Group IIIg, 67 = Boston MFA 501 (same dies); CNP 1.5h; MAA 4. Lustrous, slight die wear on obverse, minor double strike on reverse. EF. ($5000)

61. CARTHAGE. Circa 350-320 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 9.35 g, 4h). Carthage mint. Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and necklace with nine pendants / Horse standing right on exergual line; three pellets to right of foreleg. Jenkins & Lewis Group IIIh; CNP 1.5f; MAA 4. Minor die wear on obverse. EF. ($7500) 24


62. SKYTHIA, Olbia. Circa 450-440 BC. Cast Æ (69.5mm, 142.25 g). Paus(a)-, magistrate. Head of Athena left, wearing Attic helmet; to left, dolphin upward / Wheel with four spokes (‘solar disk’); πÅUs within quarters. Anokhin 164; Karyshkovskij p. 392, Таб. II=B, 1; cf. HGC 3, 1883 (smaller denomination); Frolova & Abramzon 130–3. Dark green patina. VF. Very rare. ($2000)

63. SKYTHIA, Olbia. Circa 437-410 BC. Cast Æ (67mm, 99.35 g, 1h). Facing gorgoneion / Sea eagle flying right, wings spread, holding in its talons a dolphin right; A-P-I-X around. Anokhin 168; Karyshkovskij p. 395, Таб. III=B, 2; HGC 3, 1881; Frolova & Abramzon 156–8. Brown and green surfaces, some light smoothing. EF. ($1500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 57 (4 April 2001), lot 239.

C-N Plate Coin

64. THRACE, Abdera. Circa 360-350 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22mm, 11.28 g, 9h). Zenon, magistrate. Griffin springing left / Hermes standing right, holding caduceus; Eπ5 z˙@W-@os around, kantharos to right. May, Abdera –; C-N pp. 127–8 and pl. 8, 8 (this coin); cf. HGC 3, 1206 (this magistrate, different rev. type); CNG 69, lot 234 (same dies). Iridescent tone, scattered light marks. Good VF. Very rare. ($2000) Ex Giessener Münzhandlung 67 (2 May 1994), lot 56; Classical Numismatic Group XXVIII (8 December 1993), lot 76; Giessener Münzhandlung 62 (20 April 1993), lot 70; Giessener Münzhandlung 60 (5 October 1992), lot 85.

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65. THRACE, Ainos. Circa 372/1-370/69 BC. AR Tetradrachm (21mm, 15.69 g, 12h). Head of Hermes facing slightly left, wearing petasos with pelleted rim / Goat standing right; Å5@5o@ above; to right, crested Corinthian helmet right; all within incuse square. May, Ainos 411–3 var. (unlisted dies); AMNG II 377; HGC 3, 1278; SNG Ashmolean 3552; Traité IV 1509, pl. CCCXLV, 18. EF, deeply toned. Very rare issue. ($20,000) Ex Gasvoda Collection (Triton XXII, 9 January 2019) lot 163; Friend of a Scholar Collection (CNG inventory 405840); Münzen und Medaillen AG 68 (15 April 1986), lot 204.

66. THRACE, Byzantion. Circa 260-245 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.51 g, 1h). In the name and types of Lysimachos. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; d5 to inner left. Marinescu Issue 30, 73 var. (unlisted dies); Müller –; HGC 3, 1374. Trace deposits, minor marks, hairlines and slightly off center on reverse. Good VF. Very rare. ($2000)

67. THRACE, Maroneia. Circa 377-365 BC. AR Triobol (14mm, 2.79 g, 3h). Forepart of horse left; Â-˙-t around / Grape bunch on vine; ivy-leaf to right; all in dotted square within incuse square. Schönert-Geiss 263–72 var. (unlisted dies); HGC 3, 1534. Light golden tone, minor mark on reverse. EF. Well centered. ($500)

68. ISLANDS off THRACE, Samothrace. Circa 500-465 BC. AR Obol (9mm, 1.03 g). Sphinx seated left, raising forepaw / Quadripartite incuse square. Schwabacher, Fund 4d (same obv. die); cf. HGC 6, 308. Toned. VF. Very rare. ($500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 54 (14 June 2000), lot 531.

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70 69 69. ISLANDS off THRACE, Thasos. Circa 500-480 BC. AR Stater (23mm, 9.83 g). Ithyphallic satyr advancing right, carrying off protesting nymph / Quadripartite incuse square. Le Rider, Thasiennes 2; HPM pl. X, 3–5; HGC 6, 331. Toned, die break on obverse. VF. ($750) Ex Berk BBS 181 (7 November 2012), lot 214; Lewis Egnew Collection (Superior, 30 May 1995), lot 7218.

70. ISLANDS off THRACE, Thasos. Circa 500-480 BC. AR Stater (19mm, 9.52 g). Ithyphallic satyr advancing right, carrying off protesting nymph / Quadripartite incuse square. Le Rider, Thasiennes 2; HPM pl. X, 3–5; HGC 6, 331. Toned, a few light scratches under tone on reverse. VF. ($750)

71. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.83 g, 12h). Lampsakos mint. Struck circa 297/6-282/1 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield; transverse spear in background, C to inner left, crescent in exergue. Thompson 56; Müller 400; HGC 3, 1750b. Toned, light scratches and marks under tone, some porosity on obverse. EF. ($3000)

72. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 17.09 g, 1h). Lampsakos mint. Struck circa 297/6-282/1 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield; transverse spear in background, C to inner left, crescent in exergue. Thompson 56; Müller 400; HGC 3, 1750b. Toned, scattered light marks and minor die wear on obverse, small flan flaw on reverse. EF. ($3000)

73. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 17.01 g, 12h). Lampsakos mint. Struck circa 297/6-282/1 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; herm to outer left, É to inner left. Thompson 59; Müller 88; HGC 3, 1750b. Toned, a couple of light scratches under tone on obverse. EF. Fine style. ($5000) 27


74. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.65 g, 12h). Lampsakos mint. Struck circa 297/6-282/1 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; herm to outer left, É to inner left. Thompson 59; Müller 88; HGC 3, 1750b. Toned, area of roughness on reverse. Near EF. ($1500)

75. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Drachm (16.5mm, 4.29 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Kolophon mint. Struck circa 301/0-300/299 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, crescent above head of lion left; @ below throne. Thompson –; Müller 339; Price 1805. Underlying luster, minor die wear. EF. ($300)

76. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.85 g, 3h). Uncertain mint in Thrace (Kabyle?). Struck under Skostokos, circa 285-281 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; herm to inner left, %˚o%to˚o[U] in exergue. Fischer-Bossert, Lysimacheier 5 (V1/R5); Youroukova 103 (same obv. die); HGC 3, 1471. Toned, minor die wear and small flan flaw on obverse, area of weak strike on reverse. VF. ($2000) Ex Gorny & Mosch 232 (5 October 2015), lot 107. While previous scholars viewed Skostokos as a dynast who took control of parts of Thrace following Lysimachos’ death, Fischer-Bossert’s die study demonstrates that Skostokos was most likely a local ruler in the vicinity of Kybele, under Lysimachos, who was permitted to strike these coins near the end of Lysimachos’ reign.

77. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 17.04 g, 10h). Uncertain mint (Lysimacheia?). Early-mid 3rd century BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield; transverse spear in background; to inner left, head of lion left; Ñ and ∞ in exergue. Thompson –; Müller 43 var. (lower left monogram); cf. HGC 3, 1750 (for type). Near EF. Well struck on a broad flan. Very rare, none in CoinArchives, one similar (with monograms reversed) in ANS photofile (seen in trade in 1981). ($2000) 28


78. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.32 g, 6h). Uncertain mint (Lysimacheia?). Early-mid 3rd century BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield; transverse spear in background, År on throne. Cf. HGC 3, 1750 for type; otherwise unpublished in the standard references. Lightly toned with golden hues around the devices, trace deposits, a few light scratches. Good VF. ($1000)

79. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AV Stater (17.5mm, 8.50 g, 11h). Uncertain mint. Early-mid 3rd century BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield; transverse spear in background, , to inner left. Thompson –; Müller –; cf. HGC 3, 1750 (for type); Anadol 166–72; A. Hess, 15 Oct. 1903 (Anadol hoard), lot 204 (same dies). Lustrous, slight die wear on obverse, trace deposits on reverse. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($3000)

80. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 17.00 g, 12h). Uncertain mint. Early-mid 3rd century BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield; transverse spear in background, » in inner left field. Thompson –; Müller –; cf. HGC 3, 1750 (for type); Bourgey, 10 March 1976, 71. Toned, slightly off center on obverse, reverse die rust. Good VF. ($750) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 452 (18 September 2019), lot 132.

81. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 17.17 g, 1h). Uncertain mint. Early-mid 3rd century BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield; transverse spear in background; ax(?) to inner left. Cf. HGC 3, 1750 for type; otherwise unpublished in the standard references. Lightly toned, underlying luster, trace deposits, light scratches on obverse, a few minor die breaks on reverse. EF. Very rare, none in CoinArchives or ANS photofile. ($2000) 29


82. THRACO-MACEDONIAN REGION, Berge. Circa 525-480 BC. AR Stater (21mm, 9.91 g). Ithyphallic satyr standing right, grasping hand of nymph fleeing right; pellets above, to left, and to right / Quadripartite incuse square divided diagonally. Andersen 25.5 (this coin); Smith Group 5; Peykov A0020; HPM pl. VIII, 4; HGC 3, 531 (“Lete”). Old cabinet tone, minor die wear. Near EF. ($3000) From the Apollo to Apollo Collection, purchased from Peus, 2006. This coinage has previously been given to Lete and Siris, but S. Psoma has persuasively argued against both of these attributions, and suggests that the city of Berge is the most likely in light of the historical and numismatic evidence. (See S. Psoma, “The ‘Lete’ Coinage Reconsidered” in Agoranomia.)

83. THRACO-MACEDONIAN REGION, Berge. Circa 525-480 BC. AR Stater (19.5mm, 10.03 g). Ithyphallic satyr standing right, holding tail and raising arm, confronting nymph standing right, right hand lowered in protest, left hand holding wreath; pellet between / Quadripartite incuse square divided diagonally. Smith Group 8B; Peykov A0060 var. (pose of figures); HPM pl. XIX, 23 var. (same); HGC 3, 532 (‘Lete’). Toned, some roughness and light scratches. VF. Rare. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 105 (10 May 2017), lot 54 (as Siris).

84. THRACO-MACEDONIAN REGION, Berge. Circa 525-480 BC. AR Eighth Stater – Trihemiobol (11mm, 0.80 g). Satyr crouching right; two pellets flanking / Quadripartite incuse square divided diagonally. Smith Group 7; Peykov A0110; HGC 3, 536. Lightly toned, typical porosity. Good VF. ($300) From a London Collection of Greek Coins. Ex Numismatic Fine Arts VI (27 February 1979), lot 121.

85. MACEDON, Akanthos. Circa 430-390 BC. AR Tetrobol (15.5mm, 2.41 g). Forepart of bull left, head right; πE above / Quadripartite incuse square, granulated interior surfaces. AMNG III/2, 34; HGC 3, 392. Near EF. Well centered. ($300)

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86. MACEDON, Chalkidian League. Circa 349 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 14.21 g, 12h). Olynthos mint; Eudorida(s), magistrate. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / Kithara; c-Å-¬-˚5d-EW@ around, [E]∏5 EUdWr5dÅ in small letters below. Robinson & Clement Group W, 137 (A84/P114); HGC 3, 500; SNG ANS 51 (same dies); SNG Lockett 1315 (same dies). Toned, a hint of granularity, light mark on obverse, minor flan flaws on reverse. EF. Extremely rare tetradrachm of Eudoridas, only three noted by R&C (the “commerce” piece is now in the ANS), and only this example in CoinArchives. ($15,000) Ex Gasvoda Collection (Triton XXII, 9 January 2019), lot 181; Waddell FPL 72 (1997), no. 32. The Chalkidice is a three-fingered spit of land extending from eastern Macedon into the Aegean Sea. Wary of Athenian imperialism and the rising power of the Macedonian Kingdom, the free cities of the Chalkidice banded together in 432 BC to form a defensive coalition called the Chalkidian League, with its capital of Olynthos. The silver coinage struck at Olynthos was on the Macedonian standard, somewhat lighter than the Attic standard employed by most of Greece, and was legal tender at all cities belonging to the league. The standard design featured a head of Apollo, god of beauty, art and music, with a type of lyre called a kithara on the reverse. The heads of Apollo on these pieces are remarkable for the strength and beauty of their style. Some of the most beautiful dies in the series were produced in the mid-300s BC, of which an outstanding example is seen here. Eudoridas is one of the few magistrates named on Chalkidian League gold coins. In fact, his staters are known from two reverse dies, while only one die is known for his tetradrachms.

87. KINGS of MACEDON. Archelaos. 413-400/399 BC. AR Stater (25.5mm, 11.13 g, 1h). Aigai mint. Head of Apollo right, wearing tainia / Horse standing right, foreleg raised, wearing bridle with trailing rein, in linear square within incuse square. Westermark, Staters, Group II, Series 2, dies O86/R103 (unlisted die combination); HGC 3, 795. Toned, struck with worn obverse die. VF. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 47 (16 September 1998), lot 142.

88. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Philip II – Alexander III. Circa 340/36-328 BC. AV Quarter Stater (11mm, 2.12 g, 9h). In the name and types of Philip II. Pella mint. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Bow and club; trident head below. Le Rider Group II, 81 (D52/R38); SNG ANS 224–7. Lightly toned, trace deposits, slight die shift and minor scrape on obverse, marks at edge on reverse. VF. ($750)

89. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Philip II – Alexander III. Circa 340/36-328 BC. AV Eighth Stater (8.5mm, 1.05 g, 1h). In the name and types of Philip II. Pella mint. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Trident head. Le Rider Group II, 114 (D73/R48); SNG ANS 233 (same dies). Light marks. VF. ($750) 31


91 90 90. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 14.43 g, 12h). In the name and types of Philip II. Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 336-333/26 BC. Laureate head of Zeus right / Youth, holding palm and reins, on horseback right; bee below horse’s belly, omphalos below raised foreleg. Le Rider 499 (D219/R446); SNG ANS 549–55. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($750) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 47 (16 September 1998), lot 145.

91. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 17.21 g, 12h). Amphipolis mint. Struck under Antipater, circa 325-323/2 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; boukranion in left field. Price 93; Troxell, Studies, Issue E8. Lightly toned, slight die wear on reverse. EF. ($500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 47 (16 September 1998), lot 151.

92. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Drachm (16.5mm, 4.29 g, 7h). Magnesia on the Maeander mint. Struck under Menander, circa 325-323 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; Ð in left field, facing head of ram below throne. Price 1921. Lightly toned, underlying luster, slight die wear. EF. ($300)

93. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AV Stater (17.5mm, 8.58 g, 12h). Sardes mint. Struck under Menander, circa 330/25-324/3 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; serpent in left field. Price 2532; ADM I Series III, dies 12/a; SNG Berry 166 (same dies). Obverse a little weak, double struck on reverse. VF. ($1500)

94. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.14 g, 8h). Tarsos mint. Struck under Menes or Philotas, circa 327-323 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; upright plow in left field, Q below throne, pellet above right shoulder. Price 3032; Newell, Tarsos 38, obv. die XXXIX; SNG Ashmolean 2892 (same obv. die). Attractive golden tone, faint die shift. Superb EF. ($2000) Ex Matthew Curtis Collection (Triton XXIII, 14 January 2020), lot 206.

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Second Known

95. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Alexander III – Philip III. Circa 325/3-319/8 BC. AV Hemistater (14mm, 4.29 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Uncertain mint in Macedon or Kyrene. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with serpent, and necklace / [Ŭ]E$Å@dro[U], Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling stylis in left arm; in left field, vertical thunderbolt above Ù. Lanz 141, lot 145 (same dies); otherwise unpublished. Light marks, slightly off center on reverse, small scratch on cheek repaired. VF. Extremely rare, apparently the second known. ($5000) From the Collection of a Northern California Gentleman. Ex Triton II (1 December 1998), lot 314; Sotheby’s (23 April 1998), lot 313. In Triton II, the mint was identified as Ephesos, presumably based on the monogram, but this is unlikely. Hemistaters of Alexander type are quite rare, and are mostly from the various drachm mints in western Asia Minor, late in Alexander’s reign or early in the reign of his successor, Philip III. However, Ephesos was not an active mint of Alexander type coinage until Demetrios I Poliorketes seized the city in 301 (if Price 1874 is correctly placed there), followed shortly thereafter by Lysimachos, whereupon the mint produced issues of Price 1875–8. Although one gold issue is attributable to this period, it was marked not only with the ethnic of the city, but also its ubiquitous badge, a bee, which was present on all of the Alexander type issues under Lysimachos. On the present coin, the symbol is a thunderbolt, which is typically found on the left field of Alexander type gold from the Macedonian mints, where it was sometimes accompanied by a monogram (see Price 191–2). Other, though less likely, mints could be Miletos and Alexandreia (Memphis in Price), both of which struck gold hemistaters and used a thunderbolt on some gold staters, often with other symbols or monograms. However, the Alexander series of both of these mints are well studied and documented, leaving little possibility for this issue to fit within their known issues.

96. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.51 g, 6h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Lampsakos mint. Struck under Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; buckle in left field, ï below left wing. Price 1374; ADM II Series IX, dies 197/a. Toned, underlying luster, trace deposits, a couple of short, light scratches, tiny flan flaw on obverse. Good VF. ($2000)

97. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (18.5mm, 8.62 g, 3h). In the types of Philip II. Abydos mint. Struck under Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5ππoU, charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving biga right; x and leg of horse below. Thompson, Philip 24 var. (symbol on rev.); ADM II Series V, dies 89/a; SNG ANS 299 (same dies). Lustrous, a few light hairlines, a couple spots of die rust on obverse. EF. ($5000) From the Guy Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear inventory G8753 (ND).

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98. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (17mm, 8.57 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Abydos mint. Struck under Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with serpent, and pearl necklace / ŬE$Å@droU, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling stylis in left arm; in left field, 9 above pentagram; cornucopia below left wing. Price 1524; ADM II Series XI, unlisted dies; A. Hess, 24 Nov. 1937, lot 18 (same rev. die). Lustrous, a few light marks. EF. ($3000)

99. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Drachm (17.5mm, 4.27 g, 11h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Kolophon mint. Struck under Menander or Kleitos, circa 322-319 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; ivy leaf below throne, spearhead to outer right. Price 1764. Lightly toned, underlying luster. Near EF. ($300)

100. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.56 g, 11h). In the types of Philip II. Magnesia on the Maeander mint. Struck under Menander or Kleitos, circa 323-319 BC. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / Charioteer, holding kentron and reins, driving fast biga right; bee below, spearhead in exergue. Thompson, Philip 3; SNG ANS 310–4. Lustrous, minor die break on reverse. Near EF. ($3000)

101. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 8.53 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Sardes mint. Struck under Menander or Kleitos, circa 322-319/8 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with griffin, and pearl necklace / ŬE$Å@droU, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling stylis in left arm; in left field, [t]5 within circle; torch below left wing. Price 2620; ADM I Series XIV, dies 221/b; ANS inv. 1944.100.31016 (same dies). Lustrous, slightly off center, some marks on obverse. Near EF. Rare. ($3000)

102. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Drachm (17mm, 4.28 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Sardes mint. Struck under Menander or Kleitos, circa 322-319/8 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, bee above t5. Price 2626; ADM I Series XIV. Lightly toned, underlying luster, minor die wear on obverse. EF. ($300) 34


103. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Hemidrachm (12mm, 2.06 g, 5h). Babylon mint. Struck under Archon, Dokimos, or Seleukos I, circa 323-318/7 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; Â in left field. Price P185. Toned, light roughness, tiny die break on obverse, minor pitting on reverse. Good VF. ($300)

104. KINGS of MACEDON. Antigonos I Monophthalmos. As Strategos of Asia, 320-306/5 BC, or king, 306/5-301 BC. AV Stater (18.5mm, 8.57 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Lampsakos mint. Struck circa 310-301 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with serpent, single-pendant earring, and necklace / [Å]¬E$Å@ droU, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling stylis in left arm; in left field, forepart of Pegasos left; Å5 below left wing. Price 1384; ADM II Series XVIII, dies 435/b; Berlin obj. no. 18251521 (same dies). Lustrous, minor die wear. Superb EF. Well struck. ($5000) Ex Gorny & Mosch 224 (13 October 2014), lot 139A.

105. KINGS of MACEDON. Antigonos I Monophthalmos. As Strategos of Asia, 320-306/5 BC. AV Stater (18.5mm, 8.48 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Abydos mint. Struck circa 310-301 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with serpent, and necklace / ŬE$Å@dr[oU], Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; / in left field, shell below left wing. Price 1559; ADM II Series XIX, 364 (same rev. die); Anadol 67. Lightly toned. EF. Well centered and struck. ($5000) From the Guy Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear FPL 13 (Winter 2008), no. 14.

Extremely Rare Nike Standing Right

106. KINGS of MACEDON. Antigonos I Monophthalmos. As Strategos of Asia, 320-306/5 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.48 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Sardes mint. Struck circa 318-315 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with serpent / ŬE$Å@d[roU], Nike standing right, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling stylis in left arm; star in left field, v below left wing. Price 2644 = ADM I series XVI, 358 = W. Wroth, “Greek coins acquired by the British Museum in 1889,” NC 1890, 9 (same dies). Lustrous, light scratches, minor die wear, slight die shift on obverse. Near EF. Extremely rare issue with Nike right, apparently the fifth known, all from the same die pair (the others: the BM coin referenced above [the only example in Pella]; CNG 76, lot 295 = Gorny & Mosch 146, lot 169; Gorny & Mosch 186, lot 1249 = Lanz 147, lot 60 = Gorny & Mosch 175, lot 87; and G. Hirsch 261, lot 184). ($5000) 35


107. KINGS of MACEDON. Kassander. As regent, 317-305 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 14.38 g, 7h). In the name and types of Philip II. Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 316-311 BC. Laureate head of Zeus right / Youth, holding palm frond and rein, on horseback right; dolphin below, À below raised foreleg. Le Rider pl. 46, 9 & 19; Troxell, Studies, Group 9, 331–2; HGC 3, 988. Lightly toned, minor deposits on reverse. Near EF. ($750)

108 109 108. KINGS of MACEDON. Kassander. As regent, 317-305 BC, or king, 305-298 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 17.16 g, 2h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Ouranopolis mint(?). Struck under Alexarchos, circa 310-297 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, star on cone above Q; π below throne. Price 519; Ehrhardt 66. Toned, minor die wear on obverse. Near EF. ($500) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Triton IX (10 January 2006), lot 760.

109. KINGS of MACEDON. Kassander. As regent, 317-305 BC, or king, 305-298 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 17.09 g, 9h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Ouranopolis mint(?). Struck under Alexarchos, circa 310-297 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, star on cone above Q; / below throne. Price 522; Ehrhardt 67. Attractively toned. Near EF. Well centered. ($500) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Helios 1 (17 April 2008), lot 90.

110 111 110. KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 16.63 g, 2h). Pella mint. Struck circa 294-293 BC. Nike standing left on prow of galley left, blowing trumpet she holds in her right hand and cradling stylis in her left arm / ∫Å-s5¬EW-s d˙µ˙tr5oU, Poseidon Pelagaios standing left, seen from behind, preparing to throw trident held aloft in his right hand, chlamys draped over extended left arm; g to left; to right, dolphin left above star. Newell 68, obv. die LVII; SNG München 1042 var. (no dolphin; same obv. die); Dewing 1196 (same obv. die). Lightly toned, hairline flan crack, typical die wear on obverse, minor metal flaws on obverse, some cleaning scratches and light roughness on reverse. Near EF. ($3000) From the Grand Haven Collection, purchased from James Beach.

111. KINGS of MACEDON. Perseus. 179-168 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 15.49 g, 11h). Reduced standard. Pella or Amphipolis mint; Au-, mintmaster. Struck circa 171-168 BC. Diademed head right / Eagle, wings spread, standing right on thunderbolt; 1 above, Q (mintmaster’s monogram) to right, h between legs; all within oak wreath; below, plow left. Mamroth, Perseus 20b; HGC 3, 1094. Bright surfaces, a few light marks. Near EF. Attractive in hand. ($2000) 36


112. MACEDON (Roman Protectorate), Republican period. First Meris. Circa 167-149 BC. AR Tetradrachm (34.5mm, 16.78 g, 9h). Amphipolis mint. Diademed and draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder, in the center of a Macedonian shield / Club right; 1 above; all within oak wreath, thunderbolt to left. Prokopov, Silver, Group I, 164 (O47/R138); HGC 3, 1103. Lightly toned. EF. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 436 (23 January 2019), lot 139.

113. KINGS of PAEONIA. Audoleon. Circa 315-286 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22.5mm, 12.55 g, 2h). Astibos or Damastion mint. Head of Athena facing slightly right, wearing triple-crested Attic helmet and necklace / Horse walking right; ÅUdW¬Eo@-to% above and to right, star below raised foreleg. Cf. Peykov E4340; NBRM Paeonia –; AMNG III/2, 4 var. (star above horse); HGC 3, 151; SNG ANS 1056. Attractive even light gray tone. Near EF. Rare issue with star below foreleg, only two others in CoinArchives. ($3000) From the Gasvoda Collection. Ex Triton XXII (9 January 2019) lot 202; New York Sale XXXIV (6 January 2015), lot 101.

Extremely Rare Issa Bronze

114. ISLANDS off ILLYRIA, Issa. Circa 344-300 BC. Æ (26mm, 17.15 g, 5h). Youthful head of the Hero Ionios left; 5o@5os to left, along forehead / Head of lion right. H. Göricke-Lukić Hermine, J. Jeličić Radonić, Mirnik Ivan FAROS III : Grčki, grčko-ilirski i rimski novac (Split 2017), p. 103, no. 3. J. Brunšmid, Die Inschriften und Münzen der griechischen Städte Dalmatiens (Vienna, 1898), p. 61, 6; F. Imhoof-Blumer, “Griechische Münzen aus dem Museum in Klagenfurt und anderen Sammlungen” in NZ 16 (1884), 69; otherwise unpublished in the standard references. Green-brown patina, overstruck on an issue of Pharos (also a rare type) with head of Zeus/standing goat type (most of the goat still visible). VF. Extremely rare, with only two in private hands of just 28 coins recorded, all struck from the same obverse die. One of the finest of the type known; with most showing little or no inscription, and with poorly struck heads of Ionios. ($1500) For another example from this series, but with a slightly different obverse type, see P. Visonà, “Monete greche d’Illiria nella collezione del civico museo di storia ed arte di Trieste” in RIN 111 (2010), 6. This article also contains details on the current state of research on the coinage of Issa, which has been slightly modified in P. Visonà, “Škudljivac Redux. New Data on IGCH 418-420” in Vjesnik Arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu 45.1 (2013). This is only the second of the type to be sold at auction, the other listing being CNG Electronic Auction 359, lot 21 (hammer $2100). P. Visonà suggests that this rare type was minted by Greek settlers on the island of Vis or ancient Issa. This city was founded by Dionysios the Elder, tyrant of Syracuse in the 380s BC as part of a program to facilitate trade in the region and establish control over the Adriatic for Syracuse. He founded Ancona, Adria, and Issa as part of this program. This series was likely minted a bit later after Dionysios II was ousted from power and the inhabitants overstruck their new coins on the types of nearby Pharos. This can be dated to 340-325 BC, right before the beginning of Issa’s civic coinage. [CNG thanks P. Visonà for his assistance in cataloging this rare issue.]

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Ex American Numismatic Society, Bement, Mathey, and Maull Collections

115. EPEIROS, Ambrakia. Circa 426-404 BC. AR Stater (19mm, 8.45 g, 6h). Pegasos flying right / Helmeted head of Athena left; to right, owl standing left, head facing. Ravel, Colts 70f (A36/P48) = Bement 964 (this coin); Pegasi 43; HGC 3, 202. Attractive old cabinet tone, some die wear on obverse, slightly off center on reverse. Good VF. ($1500) From the the collection of an English Queen’s Counsel. Ex Baldwin Maull Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 112, 11 September 2019), lot 151, acquired as a duplicate from the American Numismatic Society in 1956; Clarence S. Bement Collection (Naville VI, 28 January 1923), lot 964, acquired from the Paul Mathey Collection (not in 1913 Feuardent sale).

116. EPEIROS, Ambrakia. Circa 360-338 BC. AR Stater (22.5mm, 8.11 g, 8h). Pegasos flying right / Helmeted head of Athena right; to left, winged male, holding knee, riding dolphin right. Ravel, Colts 150 (A63/P97); Pegasi 100 (same dies as illustration); HGC 3, 214; BMC 30 (same dies); Sartiges 300 (same dies). Lightly toned, obverse struck off center with worn die, some porosity on reverse. Good VF. Extremely rare, only three noted by Ravel, only one additional in CoinArchives. ($500) From the JTB Collection. Ex Stack’s Bowers and Ponterio 173 (8 January 2013), lot 127. The Sartiges example, of similar quality to the present coin, sold in CNG 93, lot 220, hammering at $4750.

117. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 450/40-420 BC. AR Drachm (20mm, 6.21 g, 12h). The hero Thessalos restraining bull charging right by band held around its head / Horse prancing right within incuse square. Lorber, Thessalian 53; BCD Thessaly II 171 var. (ethnic); HGC 4, 418 (same dies as illustration). Underlying luster, minor die rust on obverse, slight die shift on reverse. Good VF. ($1500) Ex David Freedman Collection (Roma VII, 22 March 2014), lot 204; Matthew Curtis Collection (Triton XIV, 4 January 2011), lot 104.

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Refined Style

118. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 365-356 BC. AR Drachm (20mm, 6.02 g, 6h). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left, hair in ampyx, wearing plain necklace / Horse standing right, preparing to lie down; ¬År5s/Å5W@ above and below. Lorber, Hoard, Phase L-II, 32 (same obv. die); BCD Thessaly II 315–6; HGC 4, 454 corr. (illustrations for 453 and 454 switched). Lovely light golden tone, short scuff on reverse. Choice EF. Struck from dies of refined style. ($3000)

119. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 356-342 BC. AR Drachm (18mm, 6.06 g, 6h). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left, with hair in ampyx / Horse right, preparing to lie down. Lorber, Hoard, Phase L-III; BCD Thessaly II 316; HGC 4, 454. Lightly toned, some die rust on obverse, graffiti on reverse. Good VF. ($500)

120. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 356-342 BC. AR Stater (24.5mm, 12.13 g, 11h). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left, hair in ampyx, wearing plain necklace / Bridled horse prancing right; ¬År5-s-[Å5]W@ around. L-S Type 2, Series A, dies O2/R3; BCD Thessaly II 308 (same dies); Lorber, Hoard 68 (same dies); HGC 4, 409. Lightly toned over lustrous surfaces, tiny nick on obverse, small scratch and die shift on reverse. EF. Struck on a broad flan. ($5000) Ex Heritage 3049 (8 September 2016), lot 30082.

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121. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 344-337 BC. AR Drachm (20mm, 6.04 g, 9h). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left, hair in ampyx / Horse standing right, preparing to lie down; trident head below. Lorber, Hoard, Group L-IV; BCD Thessaly II 322; HGC 4, 454 corr. (trident not noted). Light iridescent tone, underlying luster. EF. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 46 (24 June 1998), lot 256.

122. AKARNANIA, Federal Coinage (Akarnanian Confederacy). Circa 320-280 BC. AR Stater (21mm, 8.22 g, 10h). Laukas mint. Pegasos flying left / Helmeted head of Athena left; grape bunch on vine to right. Pegasi 1; Imhoof-Blumer, Akarnaniens 6; BCD Akarnania 13.1–2; HGC 4, 718. Toned, minor marks. VF. Very rare. ($1000)

123 124 123. LOKRIS, Lokri Opuntii. Circa 360-350 BC. AR Stater (23mm, 11.90 g, 9h). Opous mint. Wreathed head of Persephone left / Ajax, nude but for crested Corinthian helmet, holding sword and shield decorated with palmette and griffin, advancing right; star and bent spear on ground below. H&D Group 14, 127p (O20A/R40 – this coin); BCD Lokris 58 (same dies); HGC 4, 990. Toned. VF. ($1500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 46 (24 June 1998), lot 268.

124. BOEOTIA, Thebes. Circa 425-400 BC. AR Stater (22.5mm, 11.90 g). Boeotian shield / Amphora within incuse square. BCD Boiotia 386–7; HGC 4, –. Toned, a few scrapes under tone in field on reverse. Good VF. ($1500) Ex Classical Numismatic Auctions XVIII (3 December 1991), lot 109.

125. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 500/490-485/0 BC. AR Tetradrachm (21mm, 17.77 g, 2h). Head of Athena right, with frontal eye, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with small spiral on the bowl, and round earring / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig to left, AQe to right; all within incuse square. Seltman Group M, unlisted dies (but obv. from same hand as A239); Asyut Group IVa; HGC 4, 1590. Attractively toned, small mark and minor metal flaw on reverse. Good VF. Well centered and struck. ($7500) 40


126 127 126. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 500/490-485/0 BC. AR Tetradrachm (21mm, 17.56 g, 5h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing; olive spray behind; all within incuse square. Seltman Group Gi; Asyut Group IVe; HGC 4, 1590. Lightly toned. VF. ($2000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 102 (18 May 2016), lot 280.

127. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 500/490-485/0 BC. AR Tetradrachm (20.5mm, 17.08 g, 2h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing; olive spray behind; all within incuse square. Seltman Group Gi, 171 var. (A–/P132 [unlisted obv. die]); Asyut Group IVe; HGC 4, 1590. Find patina, some smoothing and deposits on obverse. VF. ($1500) Ex Davissons 11 (23 June 1999), lot 73; Auctiones AG 27 (10 December 1996), lot 255; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 579 (September 1994), no. 14; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 392 (August 1977), no. 14; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 371 (September 1975), no. 1.

128. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 475-465 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 1714 g, 7h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, with spread tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Starr Group IV, unlisted dies; HGC 4, 1595. Tiny flan flaw on obverse. Near EF. ($1500)

129 130 129. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 475-465 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.12 g, 5h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, with spread tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Starr Group IV, unlisted dies; HGC 4, 1595. Minor pitting on obverse. Near EF. ($1500) 130. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 465/2-454 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.14 g, 3h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, with spread tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Starr Group V.B, unlisted dies; HGC 4, 1596. A few minor die breaks. Near EF. ($1500)

131. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 17.18 g, 9h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Lightly toned, small flaw on obverse. EF. Attractive compact head, showing full crest. ($1500) 41


132. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 17.21 g, 4h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. In NGC encapsulation 4938345-007, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($1500)

133. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.18 g, 3h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Toned, underlying luster, minor edge split, a trace of doubling on reverse. Superb EF. ($1500)

134. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.21 g, 3h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Lightly toned, underlying luster. Superb EF. ($1500)

135 136 135. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.18 g, 1h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Toned, underlying luster. EF. ($1500) 136. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.15 g, 5h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Lightly toned, minor flan flaw on obverse. EF. ($1500)

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137. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.22 g, 4h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. In NGC encapsulation 4938345-003, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($1500)

139 138 138. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22mm, 17.11 g, 7h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Lightly toned. EF. High relief and well centered. ($1000) 139. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 16.99 g, 5h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Toned, minor edge split. EF. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection.

140 141 140. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22.5mm, 17.18 g, 5h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Lightly toned. Near EF. Well centered. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 100 (7 October 2015), lot 1371.

141. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.10 g, 1h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Slight die shift on reverse. Near EF. ($1000)

142. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 17.12 g, 2h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Minor die wear on reverse. EF. ($1000) 43


143. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.15 g, 5h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Lightly toned, a little porosity. EF. Well centered. ($1000)

144 145 144. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.13 g, 1h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Lightly toned, underlying luster, slight die wear on obverse. EF. ($1000) 145. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.15 g, 8h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Lustrous, some die wear. EF. Well centered. ($1000)

146 147 146. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23.5mm, 17.22 g, 4h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. In NGC encapsulation 4938345-001, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($1000) 147. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.11 g, 8h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Toned, a little die rust and slight die shift on reverse. Good VF. ($750) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 99 (13 May 2015), lot 137.

148. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Drachm (14.5mm, 4.16 g, 5h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 10; HGC 4, 1631. Toned, porous. Good VF. ($750) Ex Peus 423 (7 November 2018), lot 29; Numismatica Ars Classica 78 (26 May 2014), lot 1440.

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149. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Drachm (14.5mm, 4.26 g, 10h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 10; HGC 4, 1631. Old collection tone. VF. Nice metal. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 93 (22 May 2013), lot 288; John A. Seeger Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 76 (12 September 2007), lot 3052.

150. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 16.80 g, 12h). New Style coinage. Mened–, Epigeno–, and Epigo–, magistrates. Struck 135/4 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields; to left, Asklepios standing left, holding serpent-entwined scepter; z on amphora, d5 below; all within wreath. Thompson 351b (same dies); HGC 4, 1602; BMC 445 (same dies). Slight die shift on reverse. Good VF. ($1000)

Pedigreed to 1963

151. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.26 g, 12h). New Style coinage. Timarchos, Nikago–, and Lysia–, magistrates. Struck 134/3 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields, anchor and star to left, Z on amphora, %f below; all within wreath. Thompson 364c (same obv. die); HGC 4, 1602. Dark iridescent toning, a couple flat spots, die break on obverse. VF. ($500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 112 (11 September 2019), lot 192; Classical Numismatic Group 72 (14 June 2006), lot 678; Berk BBS 103 (28 July 1998), lot 152; Coin Galleries Numismatic Review IV, 5-6 (1963), no. F63.

152. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 550-530/25 BC. AR Stater (19mm, 12.34 g). Sea turtle, head in profile, with thin collar and row of dots down its back / Deep incuse square with proto-“Union Jack” pattern. Holloway, Archaic, Group A, unlisted dies; Meadows, Aegina, Group Ib; cf. Milbank Period I, pl. I, 3; HGC 6, 424. Darkly toned, deposits on reverse. Good VF. ($2000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Triton I (2 December 1997), lot 497.

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153. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 370 BC. AR Stater (22mm, 12.03 g, 3h). Land tortoise with segmented shell / Incuse square of thin skew pattern and no control markings. Milbank pl. II, 14; HGC 6, 438. Attractively toned, small banker’s mark and minor die breaks on obverse. Good VF. ($2000)

154 155 154. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 350-338 BC. AR Stater (21mm, 11.99 g, 10h). Ni-, magistrate. Land tortoise with segmented shell; Å-5 flanking / Incuse square of thin skew pattern; @-5 in upper incuses, dolphin in lower left. Milbank p. 51, a; cf. HGC 6, 445 (drachm); SNG Copenhagen 526. Toned. VF. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Russell Bement, Jr. Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 51, 15 September 1999), lot 348.

155. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 400-350/45 BC. AR Stater (23mm, 8.05 g, 7h). Pegasos stepping left / Helmeted head of Athena left; d behind neck; four dolphins around. Ravel Period IV, – (P343/T474 [unlisted die combination]); Pegasi 278 (same obv. die as illustration); HGC 4, 1838. Toned, porous, some die wear. VF. Rare. ($750) From the JTB Collection. Ex Stuttgarter Münzauktion I (Gorny & Mosch, 22 November 2010), lot 226.

156. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 350/45-285 BC. AR Stater (22mm, 8.57 g, 6h). Pegasos flying left / Helmeted head of Athena left; 5 below chin; to right, Nike flying left, holding fillet. Ravel Period V, 1030; Pegasi 420; HGC 4, 1848. Attractively toned, with some iridescence around the devices. Good VF. ($750) From the Lampasas Collection.

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157. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 350/45-285 BC. AR Stater (22mm, 8.50 g, 1h). Pegasos flying left / Helmeted head of Athena left; to right, Å and stork stepping left. Ravel Period V, 1035; Pegasi 395; HGC 4, 1848. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($750) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 47 (16 September 1998), lot 430.

158. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 350/45-285 BC. AR Stater (20mm, 8.54 g, 1h). Pegasos flying left; J below / Helmeted head of Athena left; Å below chin, ¬ and trophy to right. Ravel Period V, 1050; Pegasi 411; BCD Corinth –; HGC 4, 1848. Deeply toned, minor die wear. Good VF. ($750) Ex Dr. J. S. Wilkinson Collection (Malter 49, 15 November 1992), lot 572.

159. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 350/45-285 BC. AR Stater (22mm, 8.48 g, 3h). Pegasos flying left; J and pellet below / Helmeted head of Athena right; kantharos and @ to left. Ravel Period V, 1060b var. (no pellet; same rev. die); Pegasi 379 var. (same); BCD Corinth 124 corr. (pellet not noted, this coin); HGC 4, 1846. Toned, weakly struck obverse. Good VF. Well centered. Very rare with pellet. ($750) Ex BCD Collection (Numismatik Lanz 105, 26 November 2001), lot 124.

160. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 350/45-285 BC. AR Drachm (14mm, 2.27 g, 1h). Pegasos flying left / Head of Aphrodite right, hair in sakkos; uncertain monogram behind neck. Cf. BCD Corinth 174; HGC 4, 1870. Attractive deep iridescent tone. EF. ($500) Ex CNG inventory 428337 (July 2016); Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 363 (11 November 2015), lot 117; Victor England inventory 80702 (before 1990).

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161. ARKADIA, Arkadian League. Circa 175-168 BC. AR Hemidrachm – Triobol (16mm, 2.43 g, 6h). Head of Zeus left, wearing laurel wreath / Pan seated left on rock, raising hand and holding lagobolon; to left, eagle with spread wings standing left; ¬-d across field. Dengate Period IIB, Issue 2, 16 (same obv. die); BCD Peloponnesos (Megalopolis) 1546 (same obv. die); HGC 5, 932; McClean 6947 (same obv. die). Toned, with some iridescence. Good VF. Well centered. ($300)

162. CRETE, Gortyna. Circa 300-280/70 BC. AR Drachm (18.5mm, 5.63 g, 5h). Female (Europa?) head right, wearing triple pendant earring and necklace / Bull standing right, head reverted. Svoronos, Numismatique 91; Le Rider, Crétoises, pl. XX, 16; SNG Copenhagen –. Old cabinet tone, overstruck on uncertain type, some die wear. VF. Rare. ($1000)

163. CRETE, Lyttos. Circa 320-270 BC. AR Stater (24.5mm, 11.18 g, 11h). Eagle flying left / Head of boar right in dotted square within incuse square. Svoronos, Numismatique 31; Le Rider, Crétoises, pl. VII, 20 (same dies); BMC 13. Attractive old collection tone with some iridescence, die wear. Good VF. Rare. ($1000)

164. CYCLADES, Paros. Early-mid 2nd century BC. Æ Tetrachalkon (19mm, 6.40 g, 12h). Head of female right, wearing tainia / Goat kneeling right. Tully Group 2.B, 22c (O10/R19 – this coin); HGC 6, 672. Brown patina. VF. Rare. ($300) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 60 (22 May 2002), lot 610.

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Superb Pantikapaion Stater

165. CIMMERIAN BOSPOROS, Pantikapaion. Circa 340-325 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 9.11 g, 10h). Head of Pan left, wearing ivy wreath / Griffin, holding spear in its mouth, standing left, head facing, forepaw raised, on grain ear; ∏-Å-@ around. Anokhin 1021; MacDonald 54; HGC 7, 20; SNG BM Black Sea 864; Gulbenkian 588–90; Jameson 1361; Pozzi 1150; Sartiges 1580; Triton VII, lot 151 (same dies). Lustrous, a few insignificant hairlines in fields. NGC photo certificate graded Choice MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5, Fine Style. Well centered and struck. ($75,000) Pantikapaion was founded by Greek colonists from Miletos in the late seventh century BC. Situated on the west side of the Cimmerian Bosporos, in what is now called the Crimea, it achieved great prosperity through its exploitation of the abundant fisheries of the straits and the export of wheat from the Crimea. This wealth is attested by its splendid gold coinage, which commenced in the mid-4th century BC, and by the magnificently furnished rock tombs of its principal citizens in the same period. Later, it was to become a regional capital of the kingdom of Mithradates VI of Pontos (120-63 BC) and later still the seat of the kings of Bosporos (first century BC – fourth century AD). The coinage of Pantikapaion seems to have commenced with silver issues in the latter part of the fifth century BC, but it is for its beautiful gold staters that the mint is chiefly noted. They depict the head of the god Pan (a pun on the name of the city) and on the reverse, the griffin that Herodotos describes as being the guardian of the remote sources of gold.

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166. PONTOS, Amisos (as Peiraieos). Circa 435-370 BC. AR Drachm (17.5mm, 5.75 g, 2h). Persic standard. Aris–, magistrate. Head of Hera left, wearing stephanos / Owl, with spread wings, standing facing on shield; [symbols to outer left and outer right], År-5s across central field. Cf. Malloy 1n-o; RG 1; HGC 7, 229. Light hairlines. Good VF. ($500)

167. KINGS of PONTOS. Mithradates VI Eupator. Circa 120-63 BC. AV Stater (19.5mm, 8.29 g, 12h). First Mithradatic War issue. In the name and types of Lysimachos of Thrace. Istros mint. Struck circa 88-86 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left; d5 to inner left, 5% on throne; in exergue, ornate trident left. Callataÿ p. 139, dies D1/R1; AMNG I 482; HGC 3, 1799 (same obv. die as illustration); SNG Copenhagen (Thrace) 1094 (same dies); McClean 4481 (Thrace; same dies). Good VF. ($1500)

168. KINGS of PONTOS. Mithradates VI Eupator. Circa 120-63 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 8.22 g, 12h). First Mithradatic War issue. In the name and types of Lysimachos of Thrace. Kallatis mint. Struck circa 88-86 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, spear diagonally in background; Ao to inner left, kŬ on throne; in exergue, ornate trident left. Callataÿ p. 140, dies D6/R1; AMNG I 258; HGC 3, 1824. Usual die wear on obverse, minor double strike on reverse. Good VF. ($1000)

169. KINGS of PONTOS. Mithradates VI Eupator. Circa 120-63 BC. AV Stater (20mm, 8.16 g, 11h). First Mithradatic War issue. In the name and types of Lysimachos of Thrace. Tomis mint. Struck circa 88-86 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left; QEo to inner left, to on throne; in exergue, ornate trident left. De Luca dies D7/R17; Callataÿ p. 142, dies D7/R2; AMNG I 2481; HGC 3, 1931; SNG Fitzwilliam 1599 (same dies). Struck with worn dies. VF. ($1000)

170. PAPHLAGONIA, Sinope. Circa 350/30-300 BC. AR Drachm (18.5mm, 5.02 g, 5h). Agreos, magistrate. Head of nymph left, hair in sakkos / Sea-eagle standing left, wings spread, on dolphin left; Å˝rE[Ws] below eagle’s wings. RG 25; HGC 7, 399; SNG BM Black Sea 1481–3; SNG BN 497. Toned, minor double strike. Superb EF. ($1000) 50


Electrum of Kyzikos The celebrated electrum coinage of Kyzikos began in the first half of the sixth century, and from the beginning the coinage was notable for the variety and inventiveness of its designs. These staters and fractions were regarded as gold coins and circulated throughout a large area along with the gold darics of the Persian Empire. On all of the coins of Kyzikos, large or small, was engraved the tunny-fish (θυννος), which constituted an important product in the Kyzikene economy. The long awaited corpus initiated by the late Friedrich Bodenstedt is now being continued by Maria Kaiser-Raiss. In the meantime, we must rely on the synthesis of material put together by Hans von Fritze in 1914, augmented (and corrected) by the articles by Sylvia Hurter and Hans-Joachim Liewald. Hurter studied the electrum coinage of Kyzikos for some time before her untimely death in 2008. It was her conviction that the arrangement of the coins by Agnes Baldwin Brett in the catalog of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts was the most accurate to date (reflected in the “Editor’s note” at the beginning of the article on the Kyzikene coins in Moscow and St. Petersburg in SNR 2007). Thus, the coinage of Kyzikos below is arranged accordingly. More controversially, Yuri Pokras (“A New Iconography for the Electrum Coins of Kyzikos,” The Celator November 2000, pp.18-26) has tried to argue that Athens invested Kyzikos with the status of subsidiary mint, and that the presence of specific types parallels each city-state’s inclusion into an alliance with Athens. The orator Aristotelis, in the second century BC, stated the following in his speech regarding the people of Kyzikos: “It is enough for one just to glance at the location and the nature of this city to immediately understand that the name ‘blissful’ given to it by God was factual, so convenient is its land and its sea. As it is built in front of Asia Minor and since its dominion extends from the Black Sea to the Hellespont, Kyzikos joins the two seas together or rather all the seas that man navigates. Thus, ships continuously pass by or arrive at the harbor or depart from the harbor. Justly it should be called ‘blissful’ just as is Corinth because, as it is built in the mid part of the seas, it joins, as if it was the center of the world, all men who sail the Mediterranean from Gibraltar to Kolchis at the far side of the Black Sea.”

171. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Stater (17mm, 16.07 g). Tunny left above tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Hurter & Liewald III 36 (= Von Fritze I 15) for similar fractions with subsidiary symbols; otherwise, unpublished. Minor edge splits. VF. Extremely rare, perhaps the sixth known (the other five: Triton XXIV, lot 552 = Triton XX, lot 188; CNG 115, lot 177; CNG 114, lot 193; Künker 280, lot 201; Roma XV, lot 205). ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

172. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Hemihekte – Twelfth Stater (9mm, 1.34 g). Tunny left with wing of griffin above / Quadripartite incuse square. Hurter & Liewald III 37.3; Von Fritze I 33; cf. Boston MFA 1405 = Warren 1583 (stater); SNG BN –. Small edge splits, light cleaning marks, minor die wear. Good VF. ($500) From the Siren Collection.

Third Known

173. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19.5mm, 16.38 g). Dolphin left; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Von Fritze I 53 (unlisted denomination); cf. Greenwell 157 (same); cf. Boston MFA 1409 (hemihekte); Hurter & Liewald –; otherwise unpublished as a stater. Edge split. VF. Extremely rare, one of three known staters for this issue (the other two: Triton XXIV, lot 557 = Roma XVII, lot 460; and Künker 280, lot 202). ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

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174. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (20mm, 15.87 g). Head of lion left; to right, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 39; Greenwell 115; Boston MFA 1414 = Warren 1537; SNG BN 178; BMC 39; FSD GIM 38; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 1403; Kraay & Hirmer 700; Myrmekion –; cf. Rosen 432 (hekte); Weber 4985. Small flan flaw on obverse. Good VF. Well struck. ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

175

176

175. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19.5mm, 15.93 g). Forepart of lion left, devouring prey; to right, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 41; Boston MFA 1416 = Warren 1534; cf. SNG BN 181 (hekte). Lightly toned, edge splits. Near VF. ($1500) From the Siren Collection.

176. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (20mm, 15.97 g). Head of Acheloös left; to right, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Hurter & Liewald I 11a = Gulbenkian 607; otherwise, unpublished. Double struck. Near VF. Extremely rare, only four in CoinArchives (Triton XXIV, lot 563; Roma XX, lot 209; Roma XVII, lot 469; and Berk BBS 191, lot 1). ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

177. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 16.03 g). Head of goat with long beard left; to right, tunny upwards / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 48; Boston MFA 1421 = Warren 1560; SNG BN 186. Lightly toned. VF. ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

178. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 16.05 g). Facing head of Silenos, protruding tongue; at sides, two tunnies upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Von Fritze I 77 (unlisted denomination); cf. Boston MFA 1424 = Warren 1465 (hekte); cf. SNG BN 208 (hekte); BMC –; cf. FSD SHM 1193 (hemihekte); Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion –; cf. Rosen 455 (hekte); Weber –; M.J. Price, “1. A Field in Western Thrace” in CH II, 2 = Hess-Divo 325, lot 210 = Sincona 10, lot 113 = Vinchon (24 Nov. 1994), lot 61. Lightly toned, minor edge splits. VF. Very rare. ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

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179. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (11mm, 2.66 g). Triton left, holding wreath aloft in left hand, on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 126; Greenwell 11; Boston MFA 1425; SNG BN 276 = SNG Delepierre 2509 (same dies); cf. BMC 24 (stater); FSD –; Gulbenkian 614; Jameson 2561; Rosen 503; Weber –. Scratches on edge. Near EF. ($3000) Ex Gorny & Mosch 244 (6 March 2017), lot 290; Gorny & Mosch 232 (5 October 2015), lot 257.

180 181 180. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 16.09 g). Forepart of winged cock left; below, tunny downward to left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 51; Boston MFA –; SNG BN –; BMC 49. Irregular flan, minor edge splits. VF. ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

181. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (21mm, 15.92 g). Forepart of griffin left, with curved wing and long upright ears / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 98; Boston MFA –; SNG BN –; SNG Von Aulock 1181; Rosen 474. Minor edge splits, slight die shift on obverse. Near VF. ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

182. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19.5mm, 16.03 g). Helmeted head of Athena left; to right, tunny downward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 64; Greenwell 26; Boston MFA 1432 = Warren 1445; SNG BN –; BMC 18; FSD SHM 1192 = Hermitage (Exhibition) 108 = Hermitage Sale II 1147; Gillet 1058; Gulbenkian 608; Jameson 2168 = Weber 4970; Myrmekion 9; Rosen 445 = SNG von Aulock 7282. Lightly toned, edge split. VF. ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

183 184 183. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18mm, 16.01 g). Winged dog crouching left, head reverted, on tunny fish left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 104; Boston MFA 1433 = Warren 1568; SNG BN 245. Lightly toned. VF. ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

184. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 16.00 g). Forepart of winged stag left; to right, tunny diagonally downward left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 102; cf. Greenwell 128 corr. (obv. type; unlisted denomination); Boston MFA 1434 = Warren 1549; SNG BN –; BMC –; FSD –; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2181; Myrmekion –; Rosen 481; Weber –. Toned, edge splits, metal flaw. Good VF. Well centered. Rare. ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

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185. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (28.5mm, 16.06 g). Forepart of horse left; to right, tunny diagonally downward / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Hurter & Liewald I 40 (hekte); otherwise unpublished as a stater. Irregular flan, edge splits, flan flaws. VF. Extremely rare, one of six known (the others: Triton XVII, lot 256 = Morton & Eden 49, lot 241; CNG 111, lot 199; CNG E-468, lot 75; CNG E-459, lot 204 = CNG 106, lot 299 = Roma E-24, lot 154; Heritage 3071, lot 33148). ($1500) From the Siren Collection.

186 187 186. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (22mm, 16.04 g). Forepart of winged lion left; to right, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 96; Greenwell 117; cf. Boston MFA 1438 (hekte); SNG BN 237; BMC –; FSD –; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion –; cf. Rosen 472 (hekte); Weber –. A hint of die rust. Good VF. Rare. ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

187. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (24.5mm, 16.14 g). Harpy standing left, holding in right hand a tunny by its tail, on dotted ground line / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 74; Greenwell 97; Boston MFA 1441 = Warren 1518; cf. SNG BN 203–4 (hektai); BMC –; FSD –; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; cf. Jameson 1402 (hemihekte); cf. Myrmekion –; Rosen 452 (hekte); Weber –. Oblong flan, edge splits, some flan flaws. VF. ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

188. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 16.09 g). Facing gorgoneion, mouth opened and tongue protruding between her teeth, six coiled serpents rising from her head, another two emanating from below her ears; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 129; cf. Greenwell 75 (unlisted denomination); Boston MFA 1445 = Warren 1492; SNG BN –; BMC –; FSD –; Gillet 1085; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2191 = Weber 4972; Myrmekion –; Rosen –. Edge split. Good VF. Rare. ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

189. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19.5mm, 16.08 g). Head of Athena left, wearing crested helmet with cheek guards, on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 67; Greenwell 25; Boston MFA 1446 = Warren 1443; SNG BN –; BMC 19; FSD –; Gillet 1053 = Kunstfreund 5 = Jameson 2171 = Weber 4971; Gulbenkian 609; Kraay & Hirmer 701; Myrmekion –; Rosen –. Toned, banker’s mark on obverse. VF. ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

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190. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (16.5mm, 16.10 g). Crested Corinthian helmet left; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 81; Greenwell 171; Boston MFA –; SNG BN –; BMC –; FSD –; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion –; Rosen –; Weber –. VF. Rare, only eight in CoinArchives. ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

191 192 191. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (17.5mm, 16.08 g). Half length bust of winged female figure (Harpy?) left, touching her chin with her left hand, and holding tunny in her right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 75; Boston MFA 1448 = Warren 1519; SNG BN 205. Minor double strike, a couple of minor edge splits. VF. ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

192. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 16.11 g). Sphinx crouching left, raising left forepaw, on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 72; Greenwell 100; Boston MFA 1450 = Warren 1522; SNG BN 200; BMC –; FSD –; Gillet 1057; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 1399; Myrmekion 36; cf. Rosen 450 (hekte); Weber –. Edge splits. VF. Well centered. ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

193 194 193. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (12.5mm, 2.64 g). Sphinx crouching left, on tunny fish left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 72; Boston MFA 1451; SNG BN 201–2. A few light scratches. Good VF. ($1500) 194. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (11mm, 2.58 g). Lion scalp facing; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 82; cf. Boston MFA 1473 = Warren 1536 (stater); SNG BN 211. Light scratches. Good VF. ($1000) From the Siren Collection.

195. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (17.5mm, 15.93 g). Nude male kneeling left, holding a tunny by the tail / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 112; Greenwell 86; Boston MFA 1487 = Warren 1502; SNG BN 253; BMC –; FSD –; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion –; cf. Rosen 488 (hekte); Weber –. Lightly toned, minor edge splits. VF. ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

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196. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Hemihekte – Twelfth Stater (8.5mm, 1.22 g). Head of young male left; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Von Fritze I 143 (unlisted denomination); cf. Boston MFA 1514 (stater); cf. SNG BN 294 (stater); SNG von Aulock 7294. Traces of find patina, minor double strike on obverse. VF. Extremely rare denomination for issue, only three other examples in CoinArchives (one of which is a fourrée). ($750) Ex Gemini IX (9 January 2012), lot 106.

197. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (15.5mm, 15.91 g). Zeus kneeling right, chiton draped from waist, holding scepter in right arm, left arm extended, above which an eagle stands right, with open wings; below, tunny right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 145; Greenwell 2; Boston MFA 1530 = Warren 1422; SNG BN 296; BMC 61; cf. FSD SHM 1218 (myshemihekte); Gillet 1060; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion –; Rosen –; Weber –. Toned, a few minor scrapes. Good VF. Rare. ($5000) Ex LVL Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 102, 18 May 2016), lot 376.

198. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 390-341/0 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 15.15 g, 1h). Head of Kore Soteira left, two grain ears in hair. wearing sphendone covered with a veil / Head of lion left; to right, cock standing left; below, tunny left. Pixodarus Type 2, Group D, 11 (this coin); SNG BN 396–402 var. (symbol on rev.). Attractively toned, small flan flaw on obverse. Good VF. ($1500) Ex Pixodarus Hoard (CH IX, 421).

199. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 390-341/0 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 14.97 g, 6h). Head of Kore Soteira left, two grain ears in hair. wearing sphendone covered with a veil / Head of lion left; bee to right; below, tunny left. Pixodarus Type 2, Group D, 12–4; SNG BN 396–402 var. (symbol on rev.); Hunt II 465. Old collection tone, minor marks, small test punch on reverse. Good VF. ($1500) Ex Leu 74 (19 October 1998), lot 228; Peus 277 (25 October 1971), lot 115.

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200. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 521-478 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10.5mm, 2.53 g, 12h). Head of roaring lion right / Incuse head of cock left; rectangular punch to right. Bodenstedt Em. 7; HGC 6, 931. A few light marks, faint scrape on obverse. EF. ($1000)

201 202 201. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 377-326 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (11mm, 2.56 g, 9h). Head of Hermes right, wearing petasos / Lion standing right in linear square within shallow incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 83; HGC 6, 1009. Toned, minor deposits. Good VF. ($500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Edward J. Waddell inventory 24388 (July 1997).

202. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 377-326 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10.5mm, 2.55 g, 5h). Young male head right, wearing taenia with frontal horn / Female head right, hair in sphendone, in linear square border within incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 85; HGC 6, 1011. Slightly soft strike. Good VF. Well centered. ($500)

203. IONIA, Herakleia ad Latmon. Circa 140-135 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.61 g, 11h). Stephanophoric type. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Club; below, Nike walking left, holding wreath, flanked by ñ and V; all within oak wreath. Lavva, Silberprägung, Group II.B, 12d (V5/R– [unlisted rev. die]); SNG von Aulock –; SNG Copenhagen –; SNG Lockett 2823 = Pozzi 2452; Jameson 1503. Lightly toned, typical areas of flat strike. Near EF. ($1000)

204. IONIA, Lebedos. Circa 140-135 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.80 g, 12h). Stephanophoric type. Anaxipolis, magistrate. Head of Athena right, wearing triple-crested helmet decorated with a laurel branch above the visor / Owl standing right, head facing, on club between two filleted cornucopias; ¬E∫Ed5W@ above, Å@Å$5-∏o¬5% below; all within wreath. Amandry, Tétradrachmes 14 (D4/R21); Kinns 32; SNG Copenhagen –. Lightly toned, underlying luster, trace deposits, area of weak strike on obverse. Good VF. Rare. ($3000) 57


205. IONIA, Magnesia ad Maeandrum. Circa 150-140 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.90 g, 12h). Stephanophoric type. Pausanias, son of Pausanias, “magistrate”. Diademed and draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder / Apollo Delphios standing left, resting on tall tripod to right, holding branch tied with fillet; ∏ÅU%Å@5Å% ∏ÅU%Å@5oU to left, meander pattern below; all within laurel wreath. Jones obv. die 18; SNG Copenhagen 844. Toned, some die wear on obverse. Good VF. ($750)

206

207

206. IONIA, Miletos. Circa 600-546 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 13.99 g). Lion reclining left, head reverted, within rectangular frame divided into smaller rectangular compartments / Central oblong punch, containing three pellets connected in Λ shape and a quadruped standing left, flanked by two square punches containing, respectively, a stellate pattern and a geometric pattern. Hilbert Phase 1, – (unlisted dies); SNG Kayhan 441. Irregular flan, double struck on obverse, trace earthen deposits and light scuffs on reverse. VF. ($2500) 207. IONIA, Miletos. Circa 350-340 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23.5mm, 15.24 g, 11h). Lenaios, magistrate. Laureate head of Apollo left / Lion standing left, head right; star above, s (civic monogram) to left, ¬˙@Å5os in exergue. D-L 79 (V8/ R11); Marcellesi 2; SNG Copenhagen –; SNG von Aulock. Toned, slight die shift and some horn silver on reverse. VF. Very rare magistrate. ($1500)

208 209 208. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 625/0-522 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.57 g). Head of lion left; to right, small seal upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 13. Struck with worn obverse die. EF. ($750) 209. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 625/0-522 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.59  g). Head of river-god as androcephalic bull left; to right, seal downward / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 16. Slightly off center. Near EF. Very rare. ($1000)

210 211 212 210. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 478-387 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.55 g). Helmeted head of Athena left; [below, small seal left] / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 91. Good VF. ($500) 211. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 478-387 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.52  g). Head of female left, hair in ornamented sphendone; below, small seal right / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 93. Near EF. ($750) 212. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 478-387 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.57  g). Head of female left, hair in ornamented sphendone; below, small seal right / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 93. Good VF. Attractive style. ($500) 58


213. IONIA, Smyrna. Circa 150-143 BC. AR Tetradrachm (34mm, 16.74 g, 12h). Stephanophoric type. Menekrates, magistrate. Turreted head of Tyche right / Ethnic and ‚ within laurel wreath. Milne, Silver 3, obv. die D; Milne, Autonomous 141; SNG von Aulock –; SNG Copenhagen –; BMC 4; Rhousopoulos 3775 (same obv. die). Even gray tone with golden hues around the devices, light marks on obverse. Good VF. ($2000)

Spectacular Teos Stater

214. IONIA, Teos. Circa 450-425 BC. AR Stater (21mm, 11.99 g). Griffin seated right, raising left forepaw, on an ornamented ground line; to right, swan standing right / Quadripartite incuse square. Matzke Series Cb1; Balcer Group LII, 101 var. (A101/P– [unlisted rev. die]); SNG von Aulock –; SNG Copenhagen –; Boston MFA 1939 = Warren 1135 (same obv. die). Toned. EF. Well centered. ($15,000) Ex Gasvoda Collection (Triton XXII, 9 January 2019) lot 253; Nomos 6 (8 May 2012), lot 92; Leu 81 (16 May 2001), lot 280; Sternberg XVIII (20 November 1986), lot 157.

215 216 215. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 650-600 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.25 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Plain globular surface / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group I, 4; cf. Artemision 2 (myshemihekte); Elektron I 4; Traité I –; SNG Kayhan 674. VF. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 72 (14 June 2006), lot 762.

216. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 650-600 BC. EL Hemihekte – Twelfth Stater (7.5mm, 1.13 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Plain globular surface / Incuse squares. Cf. Weidauer Group I, 4 (hekte); cf. Artemision 2 (myshemihekte); Elektron I 5–7; Traité I –; SNG Kayhan 676–8. VF. ($500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Daniel Koppersmith Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 94, 18 Sept 2013), lot 554; Classical Numismatic Group 67 (22 Sept 2004), lot 708.

217. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 650-600 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9mm, 2.39 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Flattened striated surface / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group II, 6–8; Artemision 29; Elektron II 11–2; Traité I 12; SNG Kayhan 680. VF. ($2000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 69 (8 June 2005), lot 426.

59


218. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 650-600 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9mm, 2.35 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Flattened striated surface / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group II, 6–8; Artemision 29; Elektron II 11–2; Traité I 12; SNG Kayhan 680. A few minor scuffs. VF. ($2000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 72 (14 June 2006), lot 751.

219. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (12mm, 4.62 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Geometric figure resembling a star, composed of a cross centered upon a polygon of eight sides / Rectangular incuse divided horizontally and vertically into four compartments by two perpendicular lines; the upper two compartments divided into halves by a single line, the upper halves each containing a pellet, the lower halves bisected by two small vertical lines; the lower two compartments divided into thirds by two parallel lines. McFadden 1; Konuk & Lorber fig. 14; Elektron I 16; Rosen Sale 12; Traité –; Zhuyuetang 2; SNG von Aulock –; SNG Copenhagen (Cyprus, etc.), pl. 10, 318; SNG Kayhan 697. Lightly toned. VF. ($2000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 50 ( (23 June 1999), lot 832.

220. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Stater (20mm, 16.52 g). Phokaic standard. Chimaera standing left / Two incuse squares of unequal size. BMC Ionia 41 = GPCG 18 = B.V. Head, “Metrological Notes on the Ancient Electrum Coins struck between the Lelantian Wars and the Accession of Darius” in NC 1875, pp. 285–8, pl. X, 9; Rosen Sale 73 = Pozzi 2369; New York Sale XLII, lot 154 = New York Sale XXX, lot 142; Roma XV, lot 140. Toned, a couple of flan cracks, some die rust. VF. Extremely rare, one of approximately five known, of which at least two are in public collections (BM and Landesmuseum). ($10,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection, purchased from Freeman & Sear. The common weight standard and similar style of incuse punches that this issue shares with the coinage of the “Shield Series” (see Triton XXIII, lot 392–3), suggests that they may be related.

221

222

223

221. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.40 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Thunderbolt / Two incuse squares. Linzalone 1143; otherwise unpublished in the standard references. Typical compact flan. VF. Extremely rare, apparently the fourth known (the others: CNG 105, lot 344; CNG 99, lot 246; and CNG 66, lot 465 [the Linzalone example]). ($1000) 222. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Hemihekte – Twelfth Stater (8mm, 1.17 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Forepart of goat right / Incuse square. Cf. Artemision 56 = Head, Coins 17 (myshemihekte); cf. CNG 114, lot 328 (myshemihekte, but same obv. die); otherwise, unpublished in the standard references. VF. Apparently unique as a hemihekte. ($1000) Ex Gemini IX (8 January 2012), lot 141 (cataloged as a stag, under Phanes).

223. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 550-525 BC. EL Myshemihekte – Twenty-Fourth Stater (6.5mm, 0.59 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Bridled head and wing of horse left / Incuse square with cruciform lines within. Fischer-Bossert, Horses, Series II, 23b (dies 22/23 – this coin); Weidauer 144; Artemision 17 = Robinson, Coins 25 = Head, Coins 78 (same die [later state] and punch); SNG Kayhan –; Linzalone 1132; Rosen 288. Good VF. ($300) Ex Gemini IX (8 January 2012), lot 138.

60


Overstruck on Teos

224. ISLANDS off IONIA, Samos. Circa 453/2-440/39 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 13.09 g, 3h). Dated RY 5 (450/49 BC). Facing lion scalp / Forepart of ox right; sÅ above, olive branch to left, E (date) below; all within incuse square. Barron Class VII, 74 (A35/P74); HGC 6, 1190; DCA 2; SNG Copenhagen 1681; SNG Newham Davis 287 (same dies). Toned, overstruck on a stater of Teos (Balcer type 24, 89, or 91), with the undertypes visible. Good VF. ($3000)

225. KINGS of LYDIA. Alyattes. Circa 620/10-564/53 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (12mm, 4.73 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Head of roaring lion right; traces of legend(?) to right, radiating lines around / Two incuse square. Weidauer –; Wallace, KUKALIṂ, pl. 1, 6 var. (no radiating lines on obv., but same rev. punches); cf. Linzalone Ln1088. In NGC encapsulation 5770983-007, graded Ch XF, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5. Apparently unpublished variety. ($2000)

226. KINGS of LYDIA. Alyattes. Circa 620/10-564/53 BC. EL Hemihekte – Twelfth Stater (7.5mm, 1.19 g). LydoMilesian standard. Sardes mint. Head of roaring lion right; traces of Òe√Òå√ (WALWEL in retrograde Lydian) downward to right / Incuse square. Weidauer Group XVII, 111–2; cf. SNG Ashmolean 756 (hekte). Typical die wear. VF. ($1000)

227 228 227. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Alyattes – Kroisos. Circa 620/10-550/39 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (12mm, 4.74 g). LydoMilesian standard. Sardes mint. Head of roaring lion right, “sun” with multiple rays on forehead / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group XVI, 89; Kurth G26; SNG Ashmolean 749–51. Slight roughness and minor flan flaw on obverse. EF. ($2000) 228. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Alyattes – Kroisos. Circa 620/10-550/39 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (12mm, 4.83 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Head of roaring lion right, “sun” with multiple rays on forehead / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group XVI, 89; Kurth G26; SNG Ashmolean 749–51. Light hairlines, a few small marks on obverse, trace deposits on reverse. Near EF. Attractive surfaces. ($2000) 61


229. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Alyattes – Kroisos. Circa 620/10-550/39 BC. EL Hemihekte – Twelfth Stater (7mm, 1.17 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Head of roaring lion right, “sun” with no rays on forehead / Incuse square. Weidauer Group XVI, 90; Kurth G29–30; SNG Ashmolean 757. Toned. Good VF. ($500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Charles E. Weber Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 63, 21 May 2003), lot 538.

230. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Stater (16.5mm, 8.08 g). Light standard. Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 3; Kurth G51; SNG von Aulock 2875; BMC 31; Boston MFA 2073; Gulbenkian 757; Traité I 401–3. Lustrous, a couple of minor flan flaws. EF. Well centered. ($15,000)

231. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Stater (15.5mm, 8.05 g). Light standard. Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 3; Kurth G51; SNG von Aulock 2875; BMC 31; Boston MFA 2073; Gulbenkian 757; Traité I 401–3. A few light marks, small die break on obverse. Good VF. Well centered. ($10,000)

233 232 232. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Third Stater (12.5mm, 3.55 g). Heavy standard. Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Walburg Group II; Berk 5; Kurth G52; Traité I 399; SNG von Aulock 8210; SNG München 7; BMC –; Boston MFA –; Pozzi 2729; Rosen 661. Lightly toned, small marks and scuffs, trace deposits on reverse. VF. ($3000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Triton I (2 December 1997), lot 533.

233. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Sixth Stater (9mm, 1.77 g). Heavy standard. Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Walburg Group III; Berk 7; Kurth G54; SNG von Aulock –; Traité I 400 = de Luynes 2800. VF. ($1500) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 61 (25 September 2002), lot 731.

234. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AR Stater (21.5mm, 10.62 g). Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 20; SNG Ashmolean 760. Toned, minor die shift on obverse. Near EF. Exceptional metal for issue, with only a hint of the usual granularity. ($3000) 62


235. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Cyrus – Darios I. Circa 550/39-520 BC. AR Siglos (15.5mm, 5.40 g). Kroiseid type. Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 22; Kurth S11; SNG Ashmolean 762–71. Attractively toned. Good VF. Exceptional metal for issue. ($750) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 61 (25 Sept 2002), lot 734.

236 237 236. CARIA, Bargylia. 2nd-1st centuries BC. AR Hemidrachm (14mm, 2.25 g, 12h). Veiled head of Artemis Kindyas right / Stag standing right; rose below. HN Online 61; SNG Keckman 22; Karl 103-4. Toned, some porosity, slight die wear on obverse. Good VF. ($300) 237. CARIA, Knidos. Circa 250-210 BC. AR Tetrobol (14.5mm, 2.45 g, 11h). Epigonos, magistrate. Head of Artemis right, wearing stephanos, drapery around neck, quiver over shoulder / Tripod with raised platform; E∏5˝o@o% to left. HN Online 1061; SNG Keckman –; SNG Copenhagen 281–2. Lightly toned, tiny mark in field on reverse. EF. ($300)

238. CARIA, Uncertain (‘Mint B’). Circa 450 BC. AR Triobol (14mm, 2.81 g, 2h). Nude male, winged on back and feet, running left; kerykeion-like monogram or symbol above / Lion standing left, head right, raising forepaw; above, kerykeionlike monogram or symbol dividing ˝µx 5 µ (bsj | s in Carian); all in dotted square within incuse square. Cf. Konuk, Coin M33/M36 (for obv./rev. type); Troxell, Winged 43 var. (no legend); HN Online 930 var. (no legend or symbol on rev.). Lightly toned, granular surfaces, double struck on obverse. Good VF. An unpublished variety of a very rare issue. ($500)

239. SATRAPS of CARIA. Hidrieus. Circa 351/0-344/3 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 15.08 g, 1h). Halikarnassos mint. Laureate head of Apollo facing slightly right, drapery around neck / Zeus Labraundos standing right, holding labrys and inverted spear; small E between foot and spear. Konuk, Identities 28; Babelon, Perses 405; HN Online 1399. Lightly toned, small mark on obverse, slight die shift on reverse. VF. ($1500) 63


240. SATRAPS of CARIA. Pixodaros. Circa 341/0-336/5 BC. AR Didrachm (20mm, 6.91 g, 12h). Halikarnassos mint. Head of Apollo facing slightly right, wearing laurel wreath, drapery around neck / Zeus Labraundos standing right; π5$odÅroU to right. Pixodarus 25h (A3/P11 – this coin); Konuk, Identities 30; HN Online 2216; SNG München 15 (same dies); Weber 6608 (same dies). Toned. Choice EF. Fine style. ($5000) Ex Gasvoda Collection (Triton XXII, 9 January 2019) lot 270; CNG inventory 995859 (January 2015); Numismatica Ars Classica 78 (26 May 2014), lot 318; Roma VI (29 September 2013), lot 656; Leu 91 (10 May 2004), lot 173; Peus 343 (26 April 1995), lot 150; Pixodarus Hoard (CH IX, 421).

Illustrated in Ingvaldsen and Stefanaki

241. ISLANDS off CARIA, Kos. Circa 370/60-345 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 14.96 g, 11h). Dion, magistrate. Bearded head of Herakles left, wearing lion skin / Crab; below, club above d5W@; all in dotted square within incuse square. Ingvaldsen Issue VI, 16a (O8/R16) = Stefanaki Series IV, Issue 9, 212 (this coin, illustrated in both references); HGC 6, 1302. Lightly toned, minor flan flaw on reverse. VF. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 49 (17 March 1999), lot 609; Classical Numismatic Group 46 (24 June 1998), lot 446.

242. ISLANDS off CARIA, Rhodos. Rhodes. Circa 316-305 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22.5mm, 15.07 g, 12h). Chian standard. Bare head of Helios facing slightly right / Rose with grape bunch on tendril to left, bud to right; E to right. Ashton 107; Hecatomnus 231a (A152/P163 – this coin); HGC 6, 1431 corr. (Chian standard); Hermitage Sale II 1345 (same obv. die). Lightly toned. VF. Well centered. ($2000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 49 (17 March 1999), lot 610.

243. LYCIA, Phaselis. 4th century BC. AR Stater (21mm, 10.37 g, 3h). Prow of galley right / Stern of galley left; fÅs˙ above. Heipp-Tamer Series 6, unlisted variety; CNG 103, lot 323 (same dies); CNG 102, lot 539 (same dies). Toned, minor die shift. EF. ($750) 64


244. DYNASTS of LYCIA. Mithrapata. Circa 390-370 BC. AR Stater (25mm, 9.80 g, 3h). Forepart of lion right / Head of Mithrapata left; µEtR®-π-®T® (MITHRAPATA in Lycian) around, triskeles to lower right; all within incuse square. Mildenberg, Mithrapata 1 (dies 1/1); Podalia 31–5 (A1/P1); Müseler VII 66–73; SNG Ashmolean 1199 (same dies); SNG von Aulock 4236 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen Supp. 472; Boston MFA Supp. 230 (same dies). Lightly toned, small area of weak strike. EF. Excellent portrait and metal quality. ($3000) Ex Dr. G.W. Collection; Classical Numismatic Group 40 (with Numismatica Ars Classica, 4 December 1996), lot 1062.

245 246 245. PAMPHYLIA, Aspendos. Circa 330/25-300/250 BC. AR Stater (22.5mm, 10.44 g, 12h). Two wrestlers grappling; ∏o between, below / Slinger in throwing stance right; to right, forepart of horse right above É; all within dotted square border. Tekin Series 5; SNG BN 111–4 var. (control mark below horse); SNG von Aulock 4571. Some roughness. VF. ($750) Ex Pegasi XXI (24 November 2009), lot 145.

246. PAMPHYLIA, Side. Circa 205-100 BC. AR Drachm (18.5mm, 4.21 g, 12h). Attic standard. Ar–, magistrate. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike advancing left, holding wreath; to left, pomegranate above Åf. Seyrig, Side 5; SNG BN 721–7 var. (magistrate). Lightly toned, trace deposits, light marks and some die wear on reverse. Good VF. Fine style. Rare. ($300)

247 248 247. PAMPHYLIA, Side. Circa 205-100 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32.5mm, 16.28 g, 12h). Attic standard. Dio–, magistrate. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike advancing left, holding wreath; to left, pomegranate above d5o. Seyrig, Side 14; SNG BN 689. Toned, light porosity, scratches. Good VF. ($500) 248. PAMPHYLIA, Side. Circa 205-100 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 16.97 g, 12h). Attic standard. Si–, magistrate. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike advancing left, holding wreath; to left, pomegranate above y. Seyrig, Side 22; SNG BN 715 (same obv. die). Toned, a little die wear, a couple of minor flan flaws on obverse. Good VF. ($500) From the Lampasas Collection, purchased from Nilus Coins (Bill Kalmbach), 2008. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 41 (19 March 1997), lot 621; Dr. Richard P. Ariagno Collection (Part II, Bowers and Ruddy, 9 June 1980), lot 175.

249. CILICIA, Issos. Balakros. Satrap of Cilicia, 333-323 BC. AR Stater (24mm, 10.88 g, 10h). Baal of Tarsos seated left, holding lotus-tipped scepter; grain ear and grape bunch to left; ∫ to right, 5 below throne / Draped bust of Athena facing slightly left, wearing triple-crested Attic helmet. Casabonne Series 2, dies D12/R– (unlisted rev. die); SNG BN 420 (same obv. die); SNG Levante –. Toned, minor porosity, slightly off center on obverse. EF. ($750) 65


250. CILICIA, Kelenderis. Circa 430-420 BC. AR Stater (18mm, 10.73 g, 11h). Nude youth, holding whip, dismounting from horse rearing left; Å below horse’s belly / Goat kneeling left, head right; branch with ivy leaf and berries above; all within shallow incuse circle. Casabonne Type 2; Celenderis Series I, 3 var. (O–/R15 [unlisted obv. die]); cf. SNG BN 46; SNG Levante –. Typical compact flan. Near EF. ($1000) From the JTB Collection.

251. CILICIA, Mallos. Circa 440-390 BC. AR Stater (20mm, 11.22 g, 6h). Winged male figure advancing left, holding solar disk with both hands / Swan standing left within incuse circle. Casabonne Type 2 var. (swan right); SNG BN –; SNG Levante –; CNG E-443, lot 115 (same dies); CNG E-440, lot 184 (same dies). Light golden toning, compact flan. Good VF. Unusually well-centered and struck for issue. ($1500)

252 253 252. CILICIA, Tarsos. Circa 420-410 BC. AR Stater (18.5mm, 10.62 g, 6h). Horseman riding left, holding flower; monogram below / Archer kneeling right, drawing bow; ethnic and monogram to left; all in dotted square within incuse square. Cf. Casabonne Type D (unlisted variety); cf. SNG BN 213; SNG Levante –; SNG von Aulock –; CNG 435, lot 124; CNG E-429, lot 180; CNG 72, lot 832. Lightly toned, compact flan. VF. ($750) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 447 (3 July 2019), lot 141.

253. CILICIA, Tarsos. Mazaios. Satrap of Cilicia, 361/0-334 BC. AR Stater (22mm, 11.07 g, 6h). Baal of Tarsos seated left, head and torso facing, holding eagle, grain ear, grapes, and scepter / Lion attacking bull left; O to lower right; all within incuse square. Casabonne Series 1, group A; SNG BN 313; SNG Levante 111 var. (symbol below throne). Lightly toned, few deposits, scattered light marks. Near EF. ($500)

254. CILICIA, Tarsos. Mazaios. Satrap of Cilicia, 361/0-334 BC. AR Stater (22.5mm, 10.88 g, 7h). Baal of Tarsos seated left, head and torso facing, holding eagle, grain ear, grapes, and scepter; R (in Aramaic) to lower left, M (in Aramaic) below throne / Lion attacking bull left. Casabonne Series 2, group C; SNG BN 332; SNG Levante 103. Lightly toned, underlying luster, some pitting and slight die shift on reverse. EF. ($750) 66


Unpublished

255. CILICIA, Tarsos. Mazaios. Satrap of Cilicia, 361/0-334 BC. AR Stater (22mm, 10.72 g, 3h). Baal of Tarsos seated left, torso facing, holding scepter surmounted by eagle; Z (Z in Aramaic) to left, zRtL`b (B’LTRZ in Aramaic) to right, grape bunch below throne / Lion walking left; star and ydzM (MZDY in Aramaic) above, upturned crescent below. Casabonne Series 5, Group C; Newell, Myriandros, Series II, Group B, unlisted variety; SNG BN 433–4 var. (control marks; Myriandros); SNG Levante 185 var. (same). Attractively toned with underlying luster, some obverse die wear. Near EF. An exceptional specimen of this series, and an unpublished variety with an Aramaic zayin in the left field and a grape bunch below the throne. ($2000)

Aristoboulos Marks the Outbreak of the Jewish War

256. KINGS of ARMENIA MINOR. Aristoboulos. AD 54-92. Æ (26.5mm, 12.23 g, 12h). Citing Nero as Emperor. Dated RY 13 (AD 66/7). ∫å45¬EW4 [år5]4to∫oU¬oU Et [5˝], diademed head left / @ErW>@5 * ˚¬~U> d5o * ˚~54å> r5 4E∫å4tW> ˝Erµ~@>[5]˚W in six lines within wreath. Kovacs 301; Meshorer –; Hendin 1257; Sofaer 171; RPC I 3839. Attractive dark green patina with a few small breaks at edge. Good VF. With a good portrait. Very rare. ($7500) Aristoboulos was the son of Herod of Chalkis and the great-grandson of Herod the Great. Josephus serves as our only literary source for the reign of Aristoboulos, informing us that he was appointed king of Armenia Minor by Nero in AD 54 (Ant. XX.158). He married Salome (daughter of Herod II and widow of Philip the Tetrarch), who has traditionally been identified as the young woman who demanded the head of John the Baptist (Matthew 14:1–12; Mark 6:14–29). Aristoboulos’ long reign would suggest he was a loyal client of Rome, as does the evidence we can glean from his coinage. Interestingly, coins of Aristoboulos were only struck for regnal years 13 and 17 (AD 66/7 and AD 70/1), which coincide with the outbreak and conclusion of the Jewish War. This seems to indicate that Aristoboulos’s coins were issued in the context of the revolt as a way for the Herodian ruler to reaffirm his faithfulness to Rome.

Salome, Daughter of Herodias – Cited by Josephus Antiquities 18.5

257. KINGS of ARMENIA MINOR. Aristoboulos, with Salome. AD 54-92. Æ (20.5mm, 6.84 g, 12h). Dated RY 13 (AD 66/7). [∫]å45¬EW4 år54to∫o¨¬o[¨ Et 5˝], diademed and draped bust of Aristobulus left / [∫]å45¬54-4˙4 4å¬oÂ˙[4], diademed and draped bust of Salome left. Kovacs 300; Meshorer 365 corr. (date); Hendin 1257a; RPC I 3840 corr. (same). Green and brown patina, some roughness. Near VF. Rare. ($3000) Salome is described in the Gospels (Matthew 14 and Mark 6) only as the daughter of Herodias, who asked Herod Antipas for the head of John the Baptist in return for his daughter’s risqué dance for the king. Salome’s name is supplied by Josephus in Antiquities 18.5, where he also informs us that she grew up to marry her great-uncle Philip the Tetrarch and, after Philip’s death, her cousin Aristoboulos, who is featured on the obverse of this coin and with whom Salome had three sons. Aristoboulos was the son of Herod V of Chalkis and great grandson of Herod I, and was appointed king of Armenia Minor in the first year of Nero’s reign. The present issue was struck in 66/7 CE (year 13 of Aristoboulos’s reign), the first year of the Jewish war and around 40 years since the execution of John the Baptist, which has been tentatively dated to some time between 25 and 29 CE. When RPC was published, citing three known examples of this type, the date was off the flan on two pieces and the one example with partial date had been tentatively read as date Α or Η (RPC p. 570). Frank Kovacs subsequently discovered an example with a clear date 13 (Hendin p. 275, pl. 24, same obverse die as the present coin), and Kovacs’s opinion was that other reported dates were most likely mis-readings of that date. The publication of additional specimens has since confirmed Kovacs’s opinion, and it is now clear that all coins of this type are dated year 13.

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258 259 258. KINGS of COMMAGENE. Epiphanes & Kallinikos. As princes under Antiochos IV Ephiphanes, AD 38–72. Æ Tetrachalkon (19.5mm, 7.08 g, 1h). Samosata mint. Struck circa AD 38–40. Epiphanes and Kallinikos on horseback left / Capricorn right; star above, anchor below; all within wreath. Kovacs 241; AC 226; RPC I 3861. Choice olive green surfaces. Good VF. ($500) Ex Gemini IX (8 January 2012), lot 463.

259. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. Second satrapy and kingship, 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.12 g, 2h). In the types of Alexander III of Macedon. Seleukeia in Pieria mint. Struck circa 300-281 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; Ç in left field, ˚r below throne. SC 29.1b; Le Rider, Antioche 1-15 (obv. die A1); HGC 9, 16d. Deep iridescent tone. Good VF. ($500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 399 (14 June 2017), lot 216.

260. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. Second satrapy and kingship, 312-281 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.55 g, 7h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Babylon I mint. Struck circa 311-300 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing single pendant earring, necklace, and triple-crested Corinthian helmet adorned with a griffin springing right / ∫Ås5¬EWs ŬE$Å@droU, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand, cradling stylis in left arm; ˙ in left field, ü below left wing. SC 81.6-7 var. (position of controls, serpent on helmet); Price 3707 var. (same); HGC 9, 3a; SNG Saroglos 158. Lightly toned, underlying luster, tiny metal flaws on reverse. Near EF. Well centered. ($3000) Ex Roma XIV (21 September 2017), lot 301; Roma II (2 October 2011), lot 354.

261. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. Second satrapy and kingship, 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 17.12 g, 7h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Babylon I mint. Struck circa 311-300 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; ¶ in left field, Â5 below throne. SC 82.5b; Price 3747; HGC 9, 10f. Lightly toned, minor double strike on reverse. EF. Struck on a broad flan. ($750)

262. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. Second satrapy and kingship, 312-281 BC. AR Hemidrachm (14.5mm, 1.99 g, 1h). Susa mint. Struck circa 305/4-295 BC. Head of hero (Alexander or Seleukos?) right, wearing helmet covered with panther skin and adorned with the ear and horns of a bull / Nike standing right, holding wreath that she places on trophy to right; ˙ to lower left, Åc in lower middle field. SC 175.3; ESMS S-32; Marest-Caffey Group 3.3, 260 (A4/P5); ESM 419; HGC 9, 49. Traces of find patina on reverse, countermark and light cleaning marks at edge of obverse. Good VF. Extremely rare, only seven examples recorded, one additional in CoinArchives. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Frank Kovacs, 4 June 2013.

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Unique Joint Reign Stater

263. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator & Antiochos I Soter. Joint Reign, 294-281 BC. AV Stater (16mm, 7.06 g, 6h). In the types of Alexander III of Macedon. Indian standard. Aï Khanoum mint. Struck circa 284-280 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing hoop earring, necklace, and triple-crested Corinthian helmet adorned with a coiled serpent / sE¬EU˚oU ˚Å5 Å@t5ocoU, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand, cradling stylis in left arm; in left field, ò above horned helmet or head of elephant left(?). Unpublished, but cf. SC 280.3a for a similar silver drachm also struck on the Indian standard. Lightly toned, a few small scrapes and faint doubling on obverse, minor flan flaw on reverse. EF. Unique. ($30,000) In 294 BC, Seleukos I made his son, Antiochos I, co-ruler. At the time, his domains stretched from Asia Minor to India, and Seleukos had spent most of the preceding decade in the west, at first fighting against Antigonos I Monophthalmos and later consolidating his gains by founding a number of cities throughout the Levant. This concentration on the west resulted in a degradation of Seleukid authority in the east, which culminated in a nationalist revolt in Persis in 295 BC, which became the first province to secede from the empire. It was likely this event that led Seleukos to elevate his son, whose new remit was to govern the eastern territories as his father’s viceroy. Over the next fifteen years, Antiochos reestablished Seleukid authority in Persis, and extended to the Upper Satrapies the policy of consolidation that his father implemented in the west. During the coregency, many of the mints of the east began to strike coins in the name of Antiochos for at least some issues, while Seleukos’s name was retained on others. However, at Aï Khanoum there is a multi-denominational series of silver coins struck on the lighter Indian standard that exceptionally depict the names of both kings (SC 279–282). The present stater, also struck on the Indian standard, is the first, and only known, gold stater for this series, and from the mint of Aï Khanoum during the reign of Seleukos I. This Indian weight standard series is still shrouded in mystery. Its specific purpose has been long debated, but likely has to do with the intended area of circulation and recipient of this coinage; it was probably intended for use in trade that was flowing toward India. However, one question that has not been addressed well is: Why was this the only instance of a coinage with the names of both kings? Certainly, Seleukos’s name would be instantly recognizable to an Indian recipient, but his name was already on the issues of Aï Khanoum; it is Antiochos’s that was added. Perhaps it was necessary from a diplomatic perspective for promoting Antiochos’s position, given that this was apparently a coinage specifically intended for trade outside the Empire? In any case, this is the only instance during Antiochos’s viceroyalty where this occurred, and it also is an irrefutable statement confirming the relationship of the two kings, not as senior and junior partners, but as co-rulers.

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264. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Drachm (17mm, 4.20 g, 6h). Aï Khanoum mint. Struck circa 280-271 BC. Diademed head right / Horned and bridled horse’s head right, with braided, flame-like forelock; ò to right. SC 431.3; SMAK A1DH-39–40 (a20/p– [unlisted rev. die]); HGC 9, 136. Lightly toned, satin surfaces. EF. An exceptional specimen of this desirable type. ($1500)

265 266 265. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 17.06 g, 2h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Diademed head right / Apollo, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; Û to outer left, t to outer right. SC 379.3c; HGC 9, 128g. Dark iridescent tone. EF. ($1500) 266. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 17.11 g, 4h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Diademed head right / Apollo, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; ° to outer left, ¢ to outer right. SC 379.6a; HGC 9, 128g. Attractive old collection tone. Good VF. ($1500)

267. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AV Stater (18.5mm, 8.42 g, 6h). Aï Khanoum mint. Struck circa 266-261 BC. Diademed head right, with elderly features / [∫Å]%5¬EW% [Å]@t5ocoU, Apollo, testing arrow in his right hand, left hand on bow set on ground to right, seated left on omphalos; ò to inner left. SC 435.1; SMAK A1SA-10 var. (A9/P– [unlisted rev. die]); ESM 695; HGC 9, 122. Minor marks and scuffs, die wear, slight double strike on reverse. EF. ($5000) Ex Nomos Obolos 12 (31 March 2019), lot 455 (hammer CHF 7,000).

268. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 16.51 g, 12h). Uncertain eastern mint. Diademed head right / Apollo, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; [control mark to outer right?]. Apparently unpublished. Toned, minor deposits, off center on reverse. Good VF. ($750) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 462 (26 February 2020), lot 150.

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269 270 269. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos II Theos. 261-246 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 16.67 g, 1h). Lysimacheia mint. Diademed head of Antiochos I right / Apollo, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; to inner left, head of lion right. SC 482.6; Le Rider, Lysimachie, dies D2/R– (unlisted rev. die); HGC 9, 236a. Lightly toned, off center, light cleaning marks on reverse. Good VF. Very rare. ($1000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 388 (14 December 2016), lot 158.

270. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.77 g, 12h). Teos mint(?). Struck circa 246-242 BC. Diademed head right / Apollo, testing arrow, standing left, leaning on tripod to right; palm frond to inner left. SC 644.2; HGC 9, 303c. Light marks. VF. ($400) From the Guy Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear 15 (27 June 2008), lot 162.

Published & Unique

271. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.05 g, 12h). Teos or Ephesos mint(?). Diademed head right / Apollo, testing arrow, standing left, leaning on tripod to right; palm frond(?) to inner left. SC Ad137 (this coin, illustrated); HGC 9, 303j. Toned, minor double strike on reverse. Good VF. Apparently unique. ($1000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Lanz 151 (30 June 2011), lot 528; Lanz 146 (25 May 2009), lot 252; Lanz 138 (26 November 2007), lot 449; Numismatica Ars Classica N (26 June 2003), lot 1378.

272. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 17.06 g, 12h). ® mint in Commagene or Mesopotamia. Struck circa mid/late 240s-230s BC. Diademed head right / Apollo, testing arrow, standing left, leaning on tripod to right; ® to outer left. SC Ad182.1a corr. (mint); Houghton, New 18 (A4/P3 – this coin); HGC 9, 303kk corr. (mint). Lightly toned, a few marks. Good VF. Very rare, one of only 11 examples recorded for this issue. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Klassische Münzen, 23 December 2010. Ex Antike Numismatik (Dr. Michael Brandt) FPL (June 2007), no. 2; 2002 ‘Seleucus III Hoard’.

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Very Rare Bearded Portrait

273. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.51 g, 8h). Nisibis mint. Diademed and bearded head right / Apollo, testing arrow, standing left, leaning on tripod to right; to inner left, » above J. SC 749.5; HGC 9, 304b. Lightly toned. VF. Very rare issue with bearded portrait. ($750) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Hadrien Rambach, August 2016. Ex GMR Hay Collection, purchased from Numismatica Ars Classica, 2001.

274. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos Hierax. Circa 242-227 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.95 g, 11h). Parion mint. Diademed head right / ∫Å%5¬EW% [Å]@t5ocoU, Apollo, testing arrow in his right hand, left hand on bow set on ground to right, seated left on omphalos; in exergue, facing head of pan and ® (engraved over ö). SC 836.2; Seyrig, Parion 27 var. (dies III/– [unlisted rev. die]); WSM 1462; HGC 9, 403a; ANS inv. 1977.158.652 (same dies). Minor die wear. EF. Very rare. Fine style portrait. ($5000) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Pars Coins, March 2014. The dies used for this coin were originally used to strike SC 836.5; see Seyrig, Trésors 1.42 (= BN inv. 1971.924), for an example of these dies with the original control marks.

275 276 275. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos Hierax. Circa 242-227 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 16.75 g, 12h). Ilion mint. Diademed head right / Apollo, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; to outer left, M above owl standing right, head facing; u to inner left. SC 866.2; HGC 9, 399f. Lightly toned. VF. Well centered. Rare. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased April 2013. Ex New York Coin Exchange (11 July 1991), lot 854.

276. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos III Soter (Keraunos). 225/4-222 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.04 g, 12h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Struck circa 244-226 BC. Diademed head right / Apollo, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; ∑ to outer left, © to outer right. SC 921.1; Le Rider, Antioche 25 (A2/P17); WSM 1029εε = ANS inv. 1944.100.75107 (same dies); HGC 9, 414c. Traces of find patina, slight die wear. Near EF. ($500) From the Guy Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear 15 (27 June 2008), lot 172.

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Rare Elephant Tetradrachm

277. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos III ‘the Great’. 222-187 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.60 g, 11h). Uncertain mint 56, in western Asia Minor (Sardes?). Struck circa 203–197 BC. Diademed head right / ∫Å%5¬EW[%] Å@t5ocoU, elephant advancing right; T to left,  right. SC 985.2; Houghton, Elephants 7 (A1/P4); ESM 630 (same dies as illustration); HGC 9, 451a. Lightly toned, some die wear, light marks. Good VF. Extremely rare with these markings, only one example published (in the BN; referenced by Houghton and ESM), with one additional in CoinArchives. ($10,000)

278. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos III ‘the Great’. 222-187 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 17.11 g, 12h). “Rose” mint (Edessa?). Struck circa 213-211 BC. Diademed head right / Apollo, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; rose to outer left, Õ to outer right. SC 1121.2b; ESM 394 (dies A2/P9); HGC 9, 447bb; ANS inv. 1944.100.73397 (same dies). Lightly toned. Good VF. Rare. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Harlan J. Berk inventory cc80109; 2012 Commerce Hoard. The monogram on this issue varies slightly in appearance, with some appearing to have a P-Ω combination, while others, as here, appear more like a P-Δ.

279. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos IV Philopator. 187-175 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.95 g, 12h). Uncertain “Wreath” mint, probably Damaskos. Diademed head right; wreath to left / Apollo, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; [ in exergue. SC 1329.2b; Mørkholm, Monnayage 7, dies A5b/R– (unlisted rev. die); HGC 9, 580g; CSE 906 (same obv. die). Toned, slight die wear. Near EF. Very rare. ($1500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Freeman & Sear, 28 January 2011.

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Coins from the Eastern Campaigns Hoard CNG is pleased to present the following offering from the Eastern Campaigns Hoard, which appeared in commerce in 2007. Composed of eastern mint drachms from the reigns of Antiochos III through Timarchos, this hoard is exceptional in that it contains five examples of Timarchos; the largest single find of his coins. All of the coins are from Seleukid mints in Media, primarily Ekbatana and the ø mint. The unusually high quantity of Timarchos’s coins suggest the hoard was deposited late in his reign, perhaps during the time of his revolt against Demetrios I, circa 162-161 BC, or very shortly thereafter. The mint of Ekbatana was primarily focused on the production of coinage to fulfill commercial and military needs in the eastern portion of the Seleukid realm. At some point during the reign of Antiochos III, it became apparent that activity related to the expanding Parthian threat required the establishment of a new mint farther east that would directly support efforts to defend the border from incursions. Thus, the ø mint was established circa 211/0 BC, based on the portraiture of Antiochos III used on the coins (Type B), which would have been during the time of the king’s eastern campaign. Its location is currently unknown, but the mint likely would have been somewhere along the route between Ekbatana and Hekatompylos, which was taken by the Seleukids from Parthia in 209 BC (SC suggests Rhagai, Charax, or Hekatompylos). The mint primarily produced drachms that appear to have been struck from dies that were comparatively crude in style, and used long after their types began to degrade. This overuse of the dies and the rather careless striking that many of the mint’s coins exhibit suggests a haste to their production, which would be reasonable for a coinage struck in anticipation of exigent and unexpected events, such as the defense of a frontier from an imminent invasion. Some of the drachm issues of Ekbatana also exhibit these features, which suggests they also may have been struck during a time of crisis. One wonders whether Ekbatana remained the primary mint for the Seleukid east, and the ø mint was only operational when the system was under extreme stress? An unusual feature of the ø mint coins is that Apollo is not depicted holding the canonical recurve bow, but rather a compound bow, which is the typical representation of a bow on Parthian coinage. This feature strongly suggested this series was the product of a different mint, and not Ekbatana, where they were previously assigned, and also supports the new attribution to a mint farther east, either near or inside Parthian territory. The mint apparently closed during the later reign of Antiochos IV, likely during the western campaign of the Parthian king, Phraates I. Upon the closure of the ø mint, the full responsibility for financing the defense against the Parthian threat must have shifted back to Ekbatana. All of the coins of the hoard will be offered in three selections: here, in Electronic Auction 492 (closing 26 May), and CNG 118 (closing on 15 September). The hoard will eventually be published in a scholarly article, which is referenced in each lot.

280. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos IV Philopator. 187-175 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.04 g, 5h). ø mint, in Northern Media or Hyrkania. Diademed head right / Apollo, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; ø to upper inner left. SC 1361.2; Le Rider, Suse, p. 326, B5; HGC 9, 582e; ECH 2 (this coin). Lightly toned, struck from worn dies (as usual), slight granularity, small deposit on reverse. VF. Very rare, only two in CoinArchives, one in SCO, all in worse condition than the present coin. ($200) From the Eastern Campaigns Hoard (publication forthcoming).

281 282 281. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.01 g, 6h). Ekbatana mint. Diademed head right / Apollo, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; no control marks. SC 1543; Le Rider, Suse, 449 and p. 329, B2; HGC 9, 623d; ECH 7 (this coin). Lightly toned, slight die wear. Good VF. Excellent metal for issue. Very rare, only one in CoinArchives, one in SCO. ($200) From the Eastern Campaigns Hoard (publication forthcoming).

282. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. AR Drachm (16.5mm, 3.98 g, 7h). Ekbatana mint. Diademed head right / Apollo, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; Å15d in exergue. SC 1546.3; Le Rider, Suse, p. 329, B6, pl. lxiii, 14 (same obv. die); HGC 9, 623d; ECH 10 (this coin). Lightly toned, typical slight die wear, trace deposits. Good VF. Very rare, no examples in CoinArchives, one in SCO. ($200) From the Eastern Campaigns Hoard (publication forthcoming).

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283 284 283. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 3.99 g, 11h). Ekbatana mint. Diademed head right / Apollo, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; to outer left, head of horse left; d˚ in exergue. SC 1548; Le Rider, Suse, p. 330, B19, pl. lxiv, 6 (same dies); HGC 9, 623d; CSE 1213–4 (same dies); ECH 13 (this coin). Toned, a little porosity, typical minor die wear. Good VF. Very rare, only three in CoinArchives, one in SCO. ($200) From the Eastern Campaigns Hoard (publication forthcoming).

284. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.18 g, 10h). ø mint, in Northern Media or Hyrkania. Diademed head right / Apollo, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; 5¬ to outer left, ˙d to inner left; to outer right, head of horse left. SC 1559.13; Le Rider, Suse, p. 330, B29, pl. lxiv, 23–4 (same obv. die); HGC 9, 623d; CSE 1218 (same obv. die); ECH 16 (this coin). Lightly toned, typical die wear, double struck on reverse. VF. Very rare, only one in CoinArchives, two in SCO. ($200) From the Eastern Campaigns Hoard (publication forthcoming).

Unpublished Issue

285. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos V Eupator. 164-162 BC. AR Drachm (18mm, 4.16 g, 12h). Uncertain mint 81, in western Media. Diademed head right; %Å to left / Apollo, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; uncertain control(s) to outer left. Cf. SC 1586.4; Le Rider, Suse, –; HGC 9, 754; ECH 17 (this coin). Lightly toned, trace deposits, a hint of porosity, minor die wear. VF. An unpublished issue from a very rare mint (see CNG E-304, lot 164, the only example of an issue from this mint in CoinArchives, which hammered at $650). ($300) From the Eastern Campaigns Hoard (publication forthcoming).

286. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Timarchos. Usurper, 164-161 BC. AR Drachm (19.5mm, 4.12 g, 12h). Ekbatana mint(?). Diademed head right; fillet border / [∫Å]%5¬EW% [Â]E˝Å¬oU [t5]ÂÅrcoU, Artemis advancing right, head left, holding bow in right hand and drawing arrow from quiver with left. SC 1592; Le Rider, Suse, p. 333, C2; HGC 9, 764; ECH 19 (this coin). Lightly toned, double struck on reverse. Near EF. Excellent metal. Extremely rare, the finer of two known of this issue (the other in the BN [= M&M AG FPL 219, no. 10]). ($5000) From the Eastern Campaigns Hoard (publication forthcoming).

Unique

287. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Timarchos. Usurper, 164-161 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.03 g, 7h). Ekbatana mint(?). Diademed head right; no border / [∫Å%]5¬E[W%] t5ÂÅrcoU, Apollo, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; no control marks visible; pellet border. ECH 22 (this coin); otherwise, unpublished. Lightly toned, minor die break on obverse, a little off center on reverse. Good VF. Excellent metal. Unique. ($5000) From the Eastern Campaigns Hoard (publication forthcoming).

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288 289 288. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. Æ (35.5mm, 40.22 g, 1h). “Egyptianizing” series. Antioch on the Orontes mint. Struck 169-168 BC. Laureate head of Zeus-Serapis right, wearing tainia with Osiris cap at tip / Eagle standing right on thunderbolt. SC 1413; HGC 9, 643. Red and brown patina. Good VF. A lovely example of this issue. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex François Charrin Collection (Parsy, 26 November 2013), lot 33 (part of).

289. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.87 g, 12h). Ptolemaïs (Ake) mint. Struck circa 167-164 BC. Diademed head right; J to left / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; palm frond to outer left, `% in exergue. SC 1476.1d; Mørkholm 8, dies A7/P– (unlisted rev. die); HGC 9, 620c; SNG Lockett 3127 (same obv. die). Old collection tone, patch of find patina and a few light scratches under tone on obverse. VF. ($500) From the Guy Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear 15 (27 June 2008), lot 174.

290 291 290. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 17.03 g, 1h). Ptolemaïs (Ake) mint. Struck circa 167-164 BC. Head right, wearing diadem terminating in stars; J to left / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; [palm frond to outer left], µ in exergue. SC 1476.1f; Mørkholm 9 (obv. die A6); HGC 9, 620c. Lightly toned, slightly off center, die wear and small flan flaws on obverse. VF. ($500)

Mint Error? 291. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios I Soter. 162-150 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 14.75 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Undated issue, struck circa 162–155/4 BC. Diademed head right within laurel wreath / Tyche, fully clothed, holding scepter and cradling cornucopia, seated left on throne supported by tritoness right; K to outer left. SC 1640.1a; SMA 99; HGC 9, 797b. Toned, traces of find patina, a few marks. VF. Low weight specimen. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Frank Kovacs, June 2011. Examples that are known to be this light are all fourrées, but the present coin is clearly not a fourrée. One wonders whether the light weight is simply a mint error, or was this coin mistakenly overstruck on an a Seleukid tetradrachm that had been struck on the Phoenician standard?

292. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios I Soter. 162-150 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 16.70 g, 9h). Susa mint. Diademed head right / Apollo, testing arrow and resting hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; fi to outer left, d in exergue. SC 1711.3 corr. (control marks); Le Rider, Suse, pl. VI, C (same dies); HGC 9, 790c. Toned, some die wear, a hint of porosity. Good VF. Very rare. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Frank Kovacs, August 2011.

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Unpublished Variety

293. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. First reign, 146-138 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32.5mm, 16.87 g, 12h). Seleukeia on the Kalykadnos mint. Struck circa 142–138 BC. Diademed head right / Athena Nikephoros standing left; flower to outer left, ÒÅ in exergue. SC 1890.2 var. (monogram on right); Houghton, Seleucia, Series I, – (A1/P– [unlisted with this monogram on right]); HGC 9, 963. Toned, some porosity, minor double strike. Good VF. Unpublished variety. ($1000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Gemini VII (9 January 2011), lot 577; Berk BBS 176 (8 September 2011), lot 163.

294 295 294. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VII Euergetes (Sidetes). 138-129 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31.5mm, 16.57 g, 11h). Seleukeia on the Kalykadnos mint. Diademed head right / Athena Nikephoros standing left; flower to outer left, branch (or tree) to inner left, Z˙ and unclear monogram in exergue. SC 2049.3 corr. (controls in exergue); Houghton, Seleucia, 17 corr. (A1/P3; control marks in exergue); HGC 9, 1067a. Find patina, light roughness, a few minor scratches. VF. Extremely rare, apparently the second example known of this issue. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 220 (11 March 2014), lot 1426. The Z˙ control in the exergue is not previously known for the issues of Antiochos VII at Seleukeia on the Kalyadnos, but are present on the first issue there of Antiochos VIII, who revived the mint after its apparent closure following the reign of the former.

295. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VII Euergetes (Sidetes). 138-129 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.76 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Diademed head right / Athena Nikephoros standing left, resting hand on shield, and propping spear on her arm; to outer left, : above 1; f to inner right; all within wreath. SC 2061.4b; Lorber, Die, Group 1, 696 (A90/ P1 – this coin); SMA 292; HGC 9, 1067d. Light golden tone, a few marks. Near EF. ($500) From the Guy Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear 15 (27 June 2008), lot 187; 2005 ‘Antiochos VII posthumous’ hoard (Lot 3, inv. Ant 345).

296. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. Second reign, 129-125 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.77 g, 1h). Damaskos mint. Dated SE 184 (129/8 BC). Diademed head right / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; Œ below throne, d∏r (date) in exergue. SC 2181.2a; Schwei Group 2, 14 (A3/P9); HGC 9, 1116d; DCA 223. Toned. Good VF. Rare. ($750) Ex John L. Cowan Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 112, 11 September 2019), lot 326; Classical Numismatic Group 100 (7 October 2015), lot 1566. The two reigns of Demetrios II were separated by nine years spent in comfortable Parthian captivity, during which he grew a long beard, as seen on this tetradrachm of Damaskos. That, along with his marriage to the Parthian princess Rhodogune and the exotic eastern habits he had adopted, led many of his Greek subjects to suspect him of being, in modern parlance, a “Parthian Candidate” with a secret agenda to hand over Syria. Faced with multiple crises, his few supporters quickly abandoned him and he was deposed and summarily executed four years into his second reign.

77


297. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. Second reign, 129-125 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 16.55 g, 1h). Damaskos mint. Dated SE 184 (129/8 BC). Diademed and bearded head right / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; § below throne, d∏r (date) in exergue. SC 2181.2b; Schwei Group 3, dies A5/P22; HGC 9, 1116d; DCA 223. Iridescent tone, light scratch and scuff in field on reverse. EF. ($1000)

299 298 298. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. Second reign, 129-125 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 14.19 g, 1h). Tyre mint. Dated SE 184 (129/8 BC). Diademed and draped bust right / Eagle standing left on prow left; palm frond in background; to left, õ above club surmounted by i (Tyre monogram); to right, &† above d∏r (date); > between legs. SC 2195.2b; HGC 9, 1122; DCA 230. Minor die wear on obverse. Near EF. ($500) Ex Downies 332 (20 August 2019), lot 1248.

299. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Alexander II Zabinas. 128-122 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.47 g, 12h). Damaskos mint. Dated SE 187 (126/5 BC). Diademed head right / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; ü to outer left, ´ below throne, z∏r (date) in exergue. SC 2248.1; LSM 78; HGC 9, 1149g; DCA 243. Lightly toned, slightly off center. Good VF. Rare first issue of Alexander at Damaskos. ($300) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Eukratides Numismatics, 2012.

300 301 300. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IX Eusebes Philopator (Kyzikenos). 114/3-95 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 3.89 g, 12h). Tarsos mint. Diademed head right; fillet border / Sandan standing right, wearing polos, bow and quiver over his shoulder, holding labrys and flower, on the back of horned lion-griffin standing right; to outer left, M above â. SC 2356b; HGC 9, 1238. Toned, small flan crack. Good VF. ($300) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics, September 2016. Ex Pegasi BBS 148 (18 August 2015), lot 142.

301. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IX Eusebes Philopator (Kyzikenos). 114/3-95 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.00 g, 12h). Mopsos mint(?). Diademed head right / Athena Nikephoros standing left; to outer left, $ above `; tiny ˝ to inner right; all within wreath. SC 2358c; Houghton, Reigns, Series I, Group 2, obv. die A2; HGC 9, 1228i. Light scratches. Near EF. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Gemini IX (8 January 2012), lot 163.

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302. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IX Eusebes Philopator (Kyzikenos). 114/3-95 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.18 g, 12h). Uncertain mint in Cilica or Northern Syria. Struck circa 114/3-112 BC. Diademed head right / Athena Nikephoros standing left; to outer left, : above 8; all within wreath. SC 2361.2; Houghton, Reigns, Series IV, Group 2, obv. die A1; HGC 9, 1228f. Die striations on obverse. Near EF. Rare. ($750) From the MNL Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 88 (14 September 2011), lot 490.

303. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IX Eusebes Philopator (Kyzikenos). 114/3-95 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.05 g, 12h). Uncertain mint in northern Phoenicia. Struck circa 111/0 BC. Diademed head right / Athena Nikephoros standing left; to outer left, A above cornucopia; all within wreath. SC 2389b; LSM 49; HGC 9, 1228m. Find patina. VF. Very rare. ($300) From the MNL Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 368 (10 February 2016), lot 130.

Very Rare Samaria Mint Obol

304. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IX Eusebes Philopator (Kyzikenos). 114/3-95 BC. AR Obol (9mm, 0.54 g, 12h). Samaria mint. Diademed head right / Athena Nikephoros standing left. SC 2394; HGC 9, 1245; SNG Spaer 2763-4 (same dies). Find patina with light deposits. Good VF. Very rare. ($300) From the MNL Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Reivew XL.2 (Summer 2015), no. 408925.

305. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos VI Epiphanes Nikator. Circa 96-94 BC. AR Diobol (11mm, 1.19 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Struck circa 95/4 BC. Diademed head right / Grain ear; to outer left, ` above *. SC 2423; SMA –; HGC 9, 1280. Find patina. Good VF. Very rare. ($300) From the MNL Collection. Ex Nomos 12 (22 May 2016), lot 115.

End of Session 1 79


Session 2 – Tuesday, May 19, 2021 — 2 PM

306. PHOENICIA, Tyre. Uncertain king. Circa 425-394 BC. AR Shekel (24.5mm, 13.53 g, 4h). Deity, holding reins and bow, riding hippocamp right; two lines of waves below, dolphin right in exergue / Owl standing right, head facing; crook and flail in background. E&E-T Group II.1.1.1.a, 302 (O31/R33); HGC 10, 315; Betlyon pl. 5, 4 (same dies). Iridescent tone, slight die wear on obverse. Near EF. Well struck, and excellent metal for issue. ($5000)

307 308 307. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (27mm, 14.32 g, 1h). Dated CY 24 (103/2 BC). Laureate head of Melkart right, aegis around neck / Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background; to left, d˚ (date) above club; – to right; b (Phoenician B) between legs; tUroU 5Er`% ˚`5 `%U¬oU around. DCA-Tyre 76; HGC 10, 357; DCA 919. Toned, some find patina and minor die wear on obverse. EF. Well centered and struck. ($1500) 308. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (29.5mm, 14.09 g, 1h). Dated CY 55 (72/1 BC). Laureate head of Melkart right, lion skin around neck / Eagle standing left on prow, palm frond in background; to left, E@ (date) above club; d to right, b (B in Phoenician) between legs. DCA-Tyre 193; HGC 10, 357; DCA 919. Lightly toned, a few deposits, off center on obverse. Good VF. Rare date. ($750)

309. JUDAEA, Macedonian Period. Hezekiah. Circa 332-302/1 BCE. AR Half-Ma’ah – Forty-eighth Shekel (7.5mm, 0.27 g, 1h). Head of chimaera (or lion) right / Bird standing right, head left; [retrograde Y-då-Y-¥ (Yehoda in Phoenician) in field around]. MCP YHD 31, dies O1/R1; Meshorer 27; Hendin 1075; HGC 10, 448; Bromberg–; Shoshana –; Sofaer –; Spaer 31–2. Rough find patina. VF. ($750)

310. JUDAEA, Jewish War. 66-70 CE. AR Shekel (22mm, 13.61 g, 12h). Jerusalem mint. Dated year 2 (67/8 CE). Omer cup; @c (“Y[ear] 2” in Hebrew = date) above, L!Rc¥ LQc (“Shekel of Israel” in Hebrew) around / Sprig of three pomegranates; YcurQY 2¥Lcur¥ (“Jerusalem the holy” in Hebrew) around. Deutsch 9 (O2/R8); Meshorer 193; Kadman 8; Hendin 1358; Bromberg 63; Shoshana I 20202; Sofaer 7–8; Spaer 167–8. Toned, edge chips. EF. ($3000) 80


311. JUDAEA, Bar Kochba Revolt. 132-135 CE. AR Zuz – Denarius (17mm, 3.57 g, 12h). Jerusalem mint. Undated issue, attributed to year 3 (134/5 CE). 3∑o2C (“Shim‘on” in Hebrew) irregularly distributed in two lines within wreath / Elongated kithara; 2LC∑R ¥¡∑RHL (“For the Freedom of Jerusalem” in Hebrew) around. Mildenberg 130 (O19/R67); Meshorer 272c; Hendin 1429; Bromberg I 182 (same dies); Shoshana I 20433–4 (same dies). Toned, overstruck on a denarius of Trajan (his portrait visible on the reverse). EF. ($1000) Reportedly ex Abraham Bromberg Collection (not in Superior catalogs).

Mildenberg Plate Coin – Ex Bromberg Collection

312. JUDAEA, Bar Kochba Revolt. 132-135 CE. AR Zuz – Denarius (19.5mm, 3.46 g, 12h). Jerusalem mint. Undated issue, attributed to year 3 (134/5 CE). 3∑o2C (“Shim‘on” in Hebrew) irregularly distributed in two lines within wreath / Palm frond; 2LC∑R ¥¡∑RHL (“For the Freedom of Jerusalem” in Hebrew) around. Mildenberg 136.7 (O19/R96) = Bromberg I 185 (this coin, illustrated in Mildenberg); Hendin 1425; Shoshana I 20417 (same dies). Toned, overstruck on a denarius of Trajan. EF. ($1000) Ex Abraham Bromberg Collection (Part I, Superior, 5 December 1991), lot 185; El Fawar 1978 Hoard (Mildenberg no. 26).

313. PHILISTIA (PALESTINE), Uncertain mint. Mid 5th century-333 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 16.90 g, 3h). Imitating Athens. Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left, b (Aramaic bet) to inner right; all within incuse square. Cf. Gitler & Tal XI.1D (drachm). Lightly toned, test cut on reverse. Fine. Extremely rare. ($500)

314. PHILISTIA (PALESTINE), Uncertain mint. Mid 5th century-333 BC. AR Obol (9mm, 0.76 g, 9h). Laureate and bearded male head right / Owl standing facing, wings spread; olive spray to upper right; all within incuse square. Gitler & Tal XIV.29O. Lightly toned, struck from worn dies. VF. Very rare. ($1000)

315. PHILISTIA (PALESTINE), Uncertain mint. Mid 5th century-333 BC. AR Drachm (12mm, 3.31 g, 3h). Bearded head left / Paradise flower/Phoenician palmette in dotted square within incuse square. Gitler & Tal XVII.1D; HGC 10, 604. Toned, typical roughness. VF. Very rare, particularly without test cut. ($500) 81


316 316 317 316. NABATAEA. Malichos I. Circa 59/8-30 BC. Æ (17mm, 3.60 g, 12h). Petra mint. Dated RY 26 (34/3 BC). Diademed head right / Palm of hand; o h (Nabataean S and Ḥ) to across central field, [0]:d 8 (“Y[ear] 26” [date], in Aramaic) across lower field. CN 11; HGC 10, 685; DCA 966. Earthen dark green patina. VF. ($750) 317. NABATAEA. Obodas II, with Hagaru I. Circa 30-9 BC. AR Drachm (16.5mm, 4.42 g, 12h). Post-reform coinage. Petra mint. Dated RY 16 (15/4 BC). Jugate head of Obodas, diademed, and bust of Hagaru, veiled and draped, right / Diademed head of Obodas right; date at end of legend to left. Barkay, King 35; CN 54; Meshorer, Nabataea Sup. 3. Darkly toned, a little off center, minor double strike on obverse. EF. Clear date. ($1000)

318 319 318. NABATAEA. Obodas II, with Hagaru I. Circa 30-9 BC. Æ (24.5mm, 10.70 g, 12h). Petra mint. Uncerain date. Jugate diademed and draped busts right of Obodas and Hagaru / Crossed cornucopias; [date in legend to right]. Cf. Barkay, King 19A or 23A; cf. CN 38a or 42a; cf. Meshorer, Nabataea 26. Dark green patina, adjustment marks, off center. VF. ($750) 319. ARABIA, Northwestern. Lihyan. 2nd–1st centuries BC. Æ Tetradrachm (22mm, 12.08 g, 11h). Imitating Athens. Schematic head right, upward crescent on cheek / Schematic owl standing right, head facing; olive spray to left. Huth, Athenian, fig. 5, e; Huth 40. Earthen dark green patina, cleaning scratches. VF. ($1000)

320. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Darios I to Xerxes I. Circa 505-480 BC. AV Daric (15mm, 8.31 g). LydoMilesian standard. Sardes mint. Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, in kneeling-running stance right, drawing bow / Incuse punch. Carradice Type II (pl. XI, 11); Meadows, Administration 319; BMC Arabia –; Sunrise 19. Underlying luster. Good VF. ($7500)

321. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Xerxes I to Darios II. Circa 485-420 BC. AV Daric (14mm, 8.37 g). LydoMilesian standard. Sardes mint. Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, in kneeling-running stance right, holding spear and bow / Incuse punch. Carradice Type IIIb, Group A/B (pl. XIII, 27); Meadows, Administration 321; BMC Arabia pl. XXIV, 26; Sunrise 24. Underlying luster. Near EF. Well centered. ($2000)

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Mazaios Double Daric

322. PERSIA, Alexandrine Empire. Mazaios. Satrap of Babylon, circa 331-328 BC. AV Double Daric (21mm, 17.12 g, 12h). Baaltars seated half-left, head and torso facing, right hand holding long scepter set on ground to right, left hand extended, holding grain ear and grape bunch on vine, upon which stands an eagle right with wings folded / Lion left, grasping the back of a bull couchant left, and biting into its neck; all in linear square frame within shallow incuse square. F. Holt & O. Bopearachchi, The Alexander Medaillion (2011), note 106; ibid. figs. 51–2 var. = Miho Museum, Treasures of Ancient Bactria (2002), 44 a–b var. (rev. type right); see Heritage 3073, lot 30206 for an inferior example struck from the same dies. For Mazaios’ Cilician silver prototype, cf. SNG Levante 100–6, and for similar local issues of the same type struck contemporaneously with this gold, cf. SNG BN 352–3. Struck from somewhat worn dies. Good VF. Very rare, one of fewer than 10 known examples. ($20,000) This extraordinary gold issue, unknown until the discovery of two examples in the Mir Zakah II deposit, bears the familiar types used by Mazaios as satrap of Cilicia for his silver staters, but without the usual legend and monograms. Mazaios was appointed satrap of Cilicia about 361 BC, and the region known as ‘Across the River’ (modern Syria, Lebanon, and Israel) was later added to his domain. In 331 BC, as Alexander marched into the heart of the Persian Empire, Mazaios at first led a spirited resistance, then abruptly surrendered Babylon to him and switched sides. Alexander rewarded Mazaios by retaining him as governor, a position he held until his death in 328 BC. Alexander made Babylon one of his most important mints, where a large quantity of regular ‘imperial’ coinage was struck. Babylon also produced a substantial group of local coinages, and it is among these that the present type is to be placed. Persian gold was routinely issued without legend, as were many of Mazaios’ standard double darics of the ‘running king’ type (MIG Type 14 = BMC Persia XX, 1). Perhaps it was an initial emergency issue that was later superseded, or perhaps it was a local variation for a special purpose.

323. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy I Soter. As satrap, 323-305/4 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 17.02 g, 12h). In the name of Philip III of Macedon, types of Alexander III. Sidon mint. Dated RY 16 of Abdalonymos (318/7 BC). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; π (date) in left field, s5 below throne. Price P177; Newell, Dated 47, dies XXIII/α; HGC 10, 270; DCA 878. Iridescent tone, a couple of minor flan flaws on obverse. EF. ($500) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Elsen 119 (7 December 2013), lot 114.

324. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy I Soter. As satrap, 323-305/4 BC or king, 305/4-282 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 15.68 g, 1h). Ptolemaic standard. In the name of Alexander III of Macedon. Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 306-300 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, wearing elephant skin, aegis around neck with tiny d in scales / Athena Alkidemos advancing right, brandishing spear in right hand and wearing shield on extended left arm; to right, helmet, (, and eagle standing right on thunderbolt. CPE 69; Svoronos 162; Zervos Issue 28, dies 480/– (unlisted rev. die); SNG Copenhagen 29. Lightly toned, overstruck, minor die wear, a few marks. Good VF. Well centered. ($1500) 83


325. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy II Philadelphos, with Arsinöe II, Ptolemy I, and Berenike I. 285246 BC. AV Mnaieion – ‘Oktadrachm’ (27mm, 27.73 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 272-261/0 BC. Conjoined busts of Ptolemy II and Arsinöe II right; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Arsinöe is diademed and veiled; ÅdE¬fW@ above, shield to left / Conjoined busts of Ptolemy I and Berenike I; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Berenike is diademed and veiled; QEW@ above. CPE 313; Svoronos 603; Olivier & Lorber dies 12/46; SNG Copenhagen 132; Adams III 2083; Boston MFA 2274; Dewing 2752; Kraay & Hirmer 801; Noeske 37. Light marks, a few scratches. Good VF. ($7500) From the Guy Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear inventory G8864 (ND).

326. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy II Philadelphos, with Arsinöe II, Ptolemy I, and Berenike I. 285246 BC. AV Half Mnaïeion – ‘Tetradrachm’ (20mm, 13.81 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 272-261/0 BC. Conjoined busts of Ptolemy II and Arsinöe II right; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Arsinöe is diademed and veiled; ÅdE¬fW@ above, shield to left / Conjoined busts of Ptolemy I and Berenike I; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Berenike is diademed and veiled; QEW@ above. CPE 314; Svoronos 604; Olivier & Lorber dies 11/– (unlisted rev. die); SNG Copenhagen 133; Adams III 2084; Boston MFA 2275; Dewing 2753-4; Noeske 38. A few light hairlines on obverse. Good VF. ($4000) From the Guy Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear inventory G8856 (ND).

327. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy II Philadelphos, with Arsinöe II, Ptolemy I, and Berenike I. 285246 BC. AV Half Mnaïeion – ‘Tetradrachm’ (20mm, 13.86 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 272-261/0 BC. Conjoined busts of Ptolemy II and Arsinöe II right; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Arsinöe is diademed and veiled; ÅdE¬fW@ above, shield to left / Conjoined busts of Ptolemy I and Berenike I; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Berenike is diademed and veiled; QEW@ above. CPE 314; Svoronos 604; Olivier & Lorber dies 38/103; SNG Copenhagen 133; Adams III 2084; Boston MFA 2275; Dewing 2753-4; Noeske 38. Underlying luster, scattered light marks, die break and graffito (“M” or “Σ”) on obverse. Good VF. ($4000)

84


Second Known?

328. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy II Philadelphos. 285-246 BC. AR Quarter Ma’ah – Tetartemorion (10mm, 0.89 g, 11h). Jerusalem mint. Struck circa 272-261/0 BC. Diademed head of Ptolemy I right / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; hdhy (Aramaic YHDH) to left. CPE 710; Gitler & Lorber II Group 8, 15; Meshorer –; Hendin 1086. Toned, deposits, slightly off center on obverse. Good VF. Extremely rare, only one example noted by Gitler & Lorber (affirmed in CPE), which is also the only example in CoinArchives (Goldberg 110, lot 1656 [hammer $15,000]). ($10,000)

329. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Arsinoe II Philadelphos. Died 270/268 BC. AV Mnaieion – ‘Oktadrachm’ (29mm, 27.74 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck under Ptolemy II, circa 252/1-250/49 BC. Head right with ram’s horn, veiled and wearing stephanos; lotus-tipped scepter in background, ˚ to left / År%5@o˙% f5¬ÅdE¬foU, double cornucopia, grape bunches hanging at sides, bound with fillet. Svoronos 475ζ (same dies); Olivier & Lorber dies 1/7, 191 (this coin); Troxell, Arsinoe, Group 3, p. 44 and pl. 7, 3 (same obv. die); SNG Copenhagen –; Adams –; Boston MFA 2268 (same obv. die); BMC 10 (same obv. die); Pozzi 3223 (same obv. die). Light marks, hairline flan flaw on reverse. Near EF. ($7500) From the Guy Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear inventory G8875 (2007).

330. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Arsinoe II Philadelphos. Died 270/268 BC. AV Mnaïeion – ‘Oktadrachm’ (27mm, 27.77 g, 11h). Alexandreia mint. Struck under Ptolemy VI, circa 204-145 BC. Head right with ram’s horn, veiled and wearing stephanos; lotus-tipped scepter in background, ˚ to left / År%5@o˙% f5¬ÅdE¬foU, double cornucopia, grape bunches hanging at sides, bound with fillet. Olivier Group 5, 3463–86 (unlisted dies); Svoronos 1374; SNG Copenhagen –; SNG Delepierre 3063; BMC –; Bement 1834; Boston MFA 2293; de Luynes 3583. Lustrous, some scratches, a couple small scuffs. EF. ($7500)

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331. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy III Euergetes. 246-222 BC. Æ Drachm (42.5mm, 72.15 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Series 5B. Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right / Eagle with closed wings standing left on thunderbolt; filleted cornucopia to left, ^ between legs. CPE B395; Svoronos 964; SNG Copenhagen 171–2. Green-brown surfaces, patches of encrustation, some verdigris on obverse. VF. ($300) From the Guy Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear 15 (27 June 2008), lot 224.

332. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy III Euergetes. 246-222 BC. AV Mnaieion – ‘Oktadrachm’ (26.5mm, 27.76 g, 12h). Posthumous issue under Ptolemy IV. Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 219-217 BC. Bust of the deified Ptolemy III right, wearing radiate diadem and aegis; trident over left shoulder, middle prong ends in a lotus finial / ∫Å%5¬EW% ∏to¬EÂÅ5oU, radiate and filleted cornucopia; d5 below. CPE 888; Svoronos 1117; Olivier & Lorber dies 3/11, 99 (this coin, illustrated [but photo switched with no. 119]); SNG Copenhagen 196; BMC 103 (same obv. die); Bement 1851 (same obv. die); Boston MFA 2283; Kraay & Hirmer 803; Nanteuil 452 (same obv. die); Noeske 137; Weber 8264 (same obv. die). Scattered marks, typical die rust and a couple tiny die breaks on obverse, area of light smoothing in reverse field. Good VF. ($7500) From the Guy Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear inventory G8882 (2007).

333 334 333. KYRENAICA, Kyrene. Second Revolt of the Kyrenaikans. Circa 305-300 BC. AR Didrachm (21.5mm, 7.63 g, 11h). Head of Zeus Karneios left / Head of Zeus Karneios left; ` to upper left, star to upper right. SNG Copenhagen 1238; BMC 238. Toned, small die break on obverse. Good VF. ($750) 334. KINGS of NUMIDIA. Juba I. Circa 60-46 BC. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.99 g, 7h). Utica mint. Diademed and draped bust right, scepter over shoulder / Octastyle temple; pellet within temple. MAA 29; Mazard 84; SNG Copenhagen 5234. Old cabinet tone, traces of find patina and verdigris, minor double strike on obverse. Good VF. ($500) Ex P.M. Proschowsky Collection (Rasmussen 245, 10 March 1970), lot 937.

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ORIENTAL GREEK COINAGE

335. KINGS of PARTHIA. Mithradates I. 165-132 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 3.17 g, 12h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Struck circa 141-138 BC. Diademed and draped bust right, within bead-and-reel border / Zeus seated left, holding eagle in extended right hand and scepter in right; [Q in exergue]. Sellwood 13.6; Sunrise 263 (same rev. die); Shore –. Toned, light roughness and porosity, reverse slightly off center. Good Fine. Rare. ($300) Ex David Sellwood Collection (Baldwin’s 90, 24 September 2014), lot 1129.

336. KINGS of PARTHIA. Mithradates II. 121-91 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 15.95 g, 12h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Struck circa 120/19-109 BC. Diademed bust left / Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on omphalos, holding bow; palm frond to outer right; t¨ in exergue. Sellwood 24.4; Sunrise 284; Shore 67. Iridescent toning, traces of deposits, a few light scratches, tiny die break on reverse. EF. ($2000) From the Archytas Collection.

337. KINGS of PARTHIA. Orodes II. Circa 57-38 BC. AR Drachm (21mm, 3.32 g, 12h). Ekbatana mint. Struck circa AD 1-4. Diademed bust left; to right, Nike left, crowning Orodes with wreath / Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow; + below bow. Sellwood 42.1; Sunrise –; Shore 218. Iridescent tone, some cleaning marks, minor double strike on reverse. Near EF. Rare. ($750)

338. KINGS of PARTHIA. Osroes I. Circa AD 108/9-127/8. AR Drachm (20mm, 3.76 g, 12h). Ekbatana mint. Diademed bust left / Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow; + below bow. Sellwood 80.1; Sunrise 443; Shore 422. Iridescent toning, slight double strike on reverse. EF. Well struck on a broad flan. ($1000) 87


339. KINGS of PARTHIA. Vologases V. Circa AD 191-208. AR Drachm (18mm, 3.75 g, 12h). Ekbatana mint. Diademed facing bust, wearing long beard and with hair in bunches above head and over ears / Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow; + below bow. Sellwood 86.3; Sunrise 455; Shore 448. EF. ($1000)

340. KINGS of CHARACENE. Hyspaosines. Circa 129/8-124 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.47 g, 12h). CharaxSpasinu mint. Dated SE 185 (128/7 BC). Diademed head right / Herakles seated left on rock, holding club on knee; 8 to outer left; E∏r (date) in exergue. Unpublished in the standard references. Spots of encrustation, small die break in date on reverse. Near EF. Extremely rare, none in CoinArchives. ($2500)

341. KINGS of CHARACENE. Apodakos. Circa 110/09-104/03 BC. AR Tetradrachm (34mm, 16.11 g, 12h). CharaxSpasinu mint. Dated SE 207 (106/5 BC). Diademed head right / Herakles seated left on rock, holding club on knee; i to outer left; Z% (date) in exergue. Alram 495 var. (year 203); De Morgan 2 and pl. XL, 3 var. (same); BMC –; Sunrise –; DCA 481. Iridescent toning. Good VF. Well struck on a broad flan. ($1500)

342. KINGS of CHARACENE. Apodakos. Circa 110/09-104/03 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.18 g, 12h). CharaxSpasinu mint. Dated SE 209 (104/3 BC). Diademed head right / Herakles seated left on rock, holding club on knee; i to outer left; œ% (date) in exergue. Alram 495 var. (year 203); De Morgan 2 and pl. XL, 3 var. (same); BMC –; Sunrise –; DCA 481. Iridescent toning. Good VF. Well struck example. ($2000) 88


344 343 343. KINGS of ELYMAIS. Kamnaskires I Soter or Kamnaskires II Nikephoros. Circa 147-139 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 15.01 g, 9h). Uncertain mint. Struck circa 145-144 BC. Diademed head right, wearing slight beard; all within bead-andreel border / Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow and bow. van’t Haaff Type 1A.1a and p. 48; Alram –; Le Rider, Suse, pl. VIII, 85. Toned, some encrustation and cleaning marks. Good VF. Extremely rare, none in CoinArchives. ($2000) 344. KINGS of ELYMAIS. Kamnaskires II Nikephoros. Circa 147-139 BC. AR Drachm (28mm, 14.50 g, 9h). Susa mint. Diademed head right; ( to left; all within bead-and-reel border / Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow and bow. van’t Haaff Type 2.1.1-4a; Alram 431. Iridescence, some roughness and cleaning marks, crystallized. Good VF. Extremely rare monogram variety, none in CoinArchives. ($1000)

345. KINGS of ELYMAIS. Kamnaskires II Nikephoros. Circa 147-139 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 3.79 g, 6h). Susa or Seleukeia on the Hedyphon mint. Diademed head right, wearing slight beard; all within bead-and-reel border / ∫G%5GE∑% down right, kGÂ@G%k down left, k5roU (sic) in exergue, Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow and bow. Cf. van’t Haaff Type 2.1.2-4; cf. Alram 433 = Le Rider, Suse, pl. LXXII, 10. Lightly toned, porosity, double strike on obverse. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($750)

346 347 346. KINGS of ELYMAIS. Kamnaskires III, with Anzaze. Circa 82/1-73/2 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.23 g, 12h). Seleukeia on the Hedyphon mint. Dated SE 233 (80/79 BC). Conjoined busts of Kamnaskires III, diademed and draped bust and wearing long beard and torque, and Anzaze, draped and wearing stephane and necklace, left; anchor symbol to right / Zeus-Belos enthroned left, holding scepter and Nike, who stands right and holds palm fronds; ;G˚Ed@ to inner left; ˝2% (date) in exergue. van’t Haaff Type 7.1.1-4a; cf. Alram 454; DCA 518. Iridescent toning, light scratch on obverse. EF. Well struck on a broad flan without the typical cleaning marks normally seen on this issue. Rare thus. ($2000)

Overstruck on a Babylon I Mint Issue of Seleukos I 347. KINGS of PERSIS. Vādfradād (Autophradates) I. 3rd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 16.95 g, 9h). Vādfradād (Autophradates) I. Head right, with mustache and earring, wearing diadem and kyrbasia / †DRP†w (wtprdt = “Vādfradād” in Aramaic) down outer right, [3¥ â]KR†Rp (prtrk[’ zy] = “fratarak[ā of]” in Aramaic) below fire altar, ⁄33%;[â] (’lhy’ = “the gods” in Aramaic) up outer left, fire temple of Ahura-Mazda; above, half-figure of Ahura-Mazda; to left, Vādfradād standing right, bow set on ground before; standard to right. van’t Haaff Type 540/542; cf. K&M 2/17 (for type) and see KM Nachträge 2.8.4 (for a similar example overstruck on an issue of Baydad); cf. Alram 533 (for type); cf. De Morgan 12a and pl. XXVII, 19 (same); cf. BMC 1 (same); Sunrise –; CNG 106, lot 543 (same rev. die). Uncertain Aramic graffiti on obverse. In NGC encapsulation 5771395-003, graded Ch VF, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 3/5, graffiti. Overstruck on an Babylon I mint tetradrachm of Seleukos I Nikator, struck in the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon, circa 300-294/3 BC (SC 87.1; Price 3777; HGC 9, 10f). ($1500) 89


348. KINGS of PERSIS. Vādfradād (Autophradates) II. Early-mid 2nd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 16.65 g, 10h). Istakhr (Persepolis) mint. Bearded head right, wearing diadem and kyrbasia adorned with eagle / Fire temple of AhuraMazda; above, half-figure of Ahura-Mazda; to left, Vādfradād standing right, trace of bow before; to right, eagle standing left on standard; †DRP†° (wtprdt = “Vādfradād” in Aramaic)to inner right ; !‹ [!%R]†RP (prt[rk’] zy = “frat[arakā] zy” in Aramaic) in exergue; [Y%;]Y (’[lh’] = “i[lahy]” in Aramaic) to outer left. K&M 3/1 var. (no legend on rev.); cf. DeMorgan, p. 403 and pl. XXVIII, 8 (for obv.); Sunrise 574 var. (same); cf. MACW 736 (drachm; wtprdt only); CNG 111, lot 442 (same dies). Light iridescent toning, several nicks on obverse. EF. ($3000)

349. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Euthydemos I Theos Megas. Circa 225-200/195 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 8.08 g, 6h). Mint B (“Baktra”). Struck circa 225-220/218 BC. Diademed young head right / ∫Å%5¬EW% to right, EUQUd˙;oU to left, Herakles seated left on rock, holding club set on rocks; Æ to upper left. Kritt B5-S = Bopearachchi 1A = MIG Type 84c corr. (reading of monogram) = BM Inv. 1888,1208.72 (same dies); SNG ANS –; HGC 12, 37 (this coin illustrated). In NGC encapsulation 6056170-001, graded Ch VF, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 3/5, scuff. ($5000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 69 (8 June 2005), lot 795.

350. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Eukratides I Megas. Circa 170-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (36mm, 16.97 g, 12h). Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull’s horn and ear; all within beadand-reel border / The Dioskouroi, holding palm fronds and spears, on horses rearing right; T in lower right field. Bopearachchi 6W; HGC 12, 131. Lightly toned, traces of underlying luster, minor porosity. EF. ($1000)

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Extremely Rare Plato Tetradrachm

351. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Plato Epiphanes. Circa 145-140 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32.5mm, 16.92 g, 12h). Diademed and draped bust right; bead-and-reel border / ∫å%5GE∑% E∏5f¬@oU% ∏¬åt∑@o%, Helios standing in facing quadriga, holding long scepter in right hand and reins in left; M to left. Cf. Bopearachchi 1A; Bopearachchi & Rahman 288; Qunduz 388; SNG ANS 628; MIG Type 198a (second example illustrated); HGC 12, 165; Triton II, lot 612 (same obv. die). Toned, hairline die breaks and some die wear on obverse, slightly double struck. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($7500) Not much is known about Plato Epiphanes apart from his coinage. He was likely a son of Eukratides I, along with Eukratides II and Heliokles I, posssibly the eldest, as his portrait apparently shows him to be a middle-aged man at the time of his accession. Bopearachchi cites one tetradrachm (Série 2A) with a possible date (MZ = “year 47”) in the exergue. Possibly based on the Indo-Greek era, which began in 186 BC, this would suggest that Plato was ruling in 140 BC and supports the dating proposed by Bopearachchi, who noted that none of Plato’s coins are found at Aï Khanoum, which had been destroyed during the reign of Eukratides I. Frank Holt notes that Eukratides I is known to have been killed by one of his sons, who supposedly desecrated his father’s corpse by driving repeatedly over it with a chariot. Based on the highly unusual reverse of Plato’s rare coins, which depict Helios in a facing quadriga, Holt suggested that Plato might be the parricide and his coin reverses a sly allusion to his deed.

352. BAKTRIA, Indo-Greek Kingdom. Philoxenos Aniketos. Circa 125-110 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 9.88 g, 12h). Diademed heroic bust left, wearing crested helmet covered with pelt of scales and adorned with trace of Gorgon’s head and wing, aegis, and brandishing spear in right hand / Philoxenos, in military attire, on horse rearing right on ground line; % below, N to upper left. Bopearachchi 9C; HGC 12, –. A few light cleaning scratches, minor die breaks. Good VF. Extremely rare with the helmet adorned with the Gorgon head and wing. ($1500) Like most Indo-Greek rulers, Philoxenos “The Invincible” is unknown to history aside from his coinage. He struck extremely rare coins on the Attic standard and a much larger bilingual issue on the reduced Indian standard; these are found primarily in the Punjab and Gandhara, where his reign seems to have been centered. The scarcity of his coinage indicates his reign must have been of brief to moderate duration. Bopearachchi dates his reign to circa 100-95 BC; Oliver Hoover in HGC 9 dates it somewhat earlier, 125-110 BC. The obverse of this rare issue is clearly modeled on the great “heroic bust” tetradrachms of Eukratides, but with some innovations, including the elaborate aegis over his lead shoulder and the decorations on his helmet, which repeat the aegis motif.

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354 353 353. BAKTRIA, Indo-Greek Kingdom. Diomedes Soter. Circa 115-105 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 9.73 g, 11h). Diademed and draped bust right / The Dioskouroi on rearing horses right, holding palm fronds and spears; á to lower right. Bopearachchi 3A; HGC 12, 279. Traces of deposits, a few light scratches, slightly double struck. Good VF. Rare. ($1500) Like his near-contemporary Philoxenos, Diomedes seems to have ruled over parts of the Paropamisadai, Punjab and Gandhara. His reverse type copies the famous issues of Eukratides I the Great, but whether this implies a familial connection or simply seeks to portray Diomedes as a great ruler and conqueror like Eukratides is unknown.

354. BAKTRIA, Indo-Greek Kingdom. Hermaios Soter, with Kalliope. Circa 105 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 8.77 g, 12h). Conjoined busts of Hermaios, diademed and draped, and Kalliope, draped and wearing stephane, right / Hermaios on horse rearing right, bow in bow case and spear attached to saddle; h to lower right. Bopearachchi 1A; HGC 12, 287. Minor earthen deposits, a few light scratches, slight double strike on reverse. Good VF. Overstruck on an earlier Indo-Greek tetradrachm. ($1000) Hermaios Soter was the last Indo-Greek king in the Paropamisadai, a region spanning modern Pakistan and Afghanistan south-east of Kabul. His wife, Kalliope, is depicted on many of his coins and may be the daughter of a previous or allied ruler, possibly Philoxenos, whose coinage shares the same reverse type and some control marks. Whether the joint portrait indicates a true joint reign, or is intended to celebrate a dynastic marriage or alliance, is unknown.

Rare Double Portrait

355. BAKTRIA, Indo-Greek Kingdom. Agathokleia & Strato I Soter. Circa 105-85/0 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 9.66 g, 12h). Diademed and draped bust of Strato I and draped bust of Agathokleia conjoined right / Athena Alkidemos advancing left, brandishing thunderbolt and aegis; h to lower left. Bopearachchi 6A; Haughton, Silver, pp. 135-6 and pl. VIII, 2; Bopearachchi & Rahman 418; HGC 12, 314; SNG ANS 987. Slightly uneven strike, isolated areas of light roughness. Good VF. Rare. ($2000) The numismatic evidence suggests that Strato and Agathokleia co-ruled a portion of the Indo-Greek Kingdom, likely encompassing western Ghandara and parts of the Punjab, sometime in the later second century BC, but their possible connection with the other Indo-Greek dynasts remains entirely conjectural. The early consensus was that Agathokleia was the wife or sister of Menander I Soter (circa 155-130 BC), and that Strato was their son, for whom she served as regent in the early part of the reign. Further studies indicated that a gap of at least 20 years came between the reign of Menander and that of Agathokleia and Strato, precluding a direct succession. Agathokleia’s name suggests she may be a descendant of the earlier Greco-Baktrian king Agathokles. Her prominence is indicated by a small coinage with her portrait alone on the obverse, making her the only female to appear by herself on a coin of the series. After an apparently brief regency or joint reign, she disappears from the coinage and Strato continues alone.

92


356. BAKTRIA, Indo-Greek Kingdom. Strato I Soter. Circa 105-85/0 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 9.31 g, 12h). Diademed and draped beardless bust right; one diadem tie angled / Athena Alkidemos standing left, brandishing thunderbolt and aegis; h to inner left. Bopearachchi 21A; Haughton, Silver 2; HGC 12, 328. Toned, minor surface marks and areas of roughness. Near EF. Struck on a broad flan. ($1500) Like most Indo-Greek rulers, Strato I Soter Dikaios (”savior” and “the just”) is unknown to history apart from his coins, which suggest his rule encompassed Gandhara and the Punjab. His earliest coins show a youthful bust cojoined with that of a woman named Agathokleia, possibly his mother, who may have ruled as regent during his minority (see previous lot). His solo portraits show a somewhat older visage, eventually acquiring a beard (although a new theory posits that the bearded portrait depicts a different king of the same name, possibly Agathokleia’s brother). Athena appears in several poses on the reverses of his coins, here in the traditional stance of Athena Alkidemos, preparing to hurl a thunderbolt.

357. BAKTRIA, Indo-Greek Kingdom. Heliokles II Dikaios. Circa 90-75 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 9.83 g, 12h). Diademed and draped bust right / Zeus standing left, brandishing thunderbolt in right hand and holding long scepter in left; h to lower left. SNG ANS 1139-41; HGC 12, 377. Minor pitting on obverse, a few light scratches, trace of smoothing on reverse. EF. Rare. ($1500) Heliokles II is unknown to history apart from his coins. His rule seems to have included the city of Taxila and parts of eastern Gandhara and western Punjab. His name and reverse type suggest a connection to the earlier Greco-Baktrian king Heliokles I (circa 145-130 BC), although Zeus is here portrayed with a radiate crown, implying a syncretic amalgamation with Helios or Mithras.

CENTRAL ASIAN COINAGE

358. INDO-PARTHIANS, Gondopharid Dynasty. Orthagnes (Gondophares-Gadana). Circa 1 BC-AD 20/30. AR Drachm (18.5mm, 3.55 g, 3h). Uncertain mint in Seistan. Diademed bust left, wearing Parthian-style tiara decorated with crescent or horn, and chain necklace / Orthaganes seated right holding bow and being crowned by Nike standing behind. Senior 256.5D. Toned, light roughness on obverse. VF. Very rare. ($750)

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359. INDO-SKYTHIANS. Azes. Circa 58-12 BC. AR Tetradrachm (01mm, 9.55 g, 12h). Zeus standing left, holding torque and scepter / Nike standing right, holding wreath with long, broad, and angular fillets, and palm frond with long flowing fillets; £ to inner right. Senior 76.3T. Iridescent toning, traces of deposits in obverse legend. Superb EF. ($750) From the Archytas Collection.

The Earliest Punchmarked Coin of India

360. INDIA, Pre-Mauryan (Gandhara). Period of Achaemenid Rule. Circa 5th century BC. Cast AR (15.5x25mm, 6.58 g). Cast teardrop-shaped flan with radiate oval punchmark / Blank. M. Blet-Lemarquand, “Premières frappes locales de l’Inde du Nord-Ouest; L’apport des analyses élémentaires” in Trésors d’Orient: Mélanges offerts à Rika Gyselen, SD1 (this coin); otherwise unpublished. Lightly toned, traces of porosity. As made. Apparently unique. ($750)

361. INDIA, Pre-Mauyran (Ganges Valley). Magadha. Circa 440-420 BC. AR 25 Mashakas (25x25mm, 5.46 g). G&H Series 0 III L. Gaya(?) mint. Square flan with punchmarks: six-armed symbol, sun, tree and triangle with four pellets / Blank. G&H 019; ATEC –. VF. Very rare. ($750) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 78 (14 May 2008), lot 1046.

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The Archytas Collection of Kushan Part 1

Lot 365

Lot 366

Lot 387

Lot 378

Lot 379

Lot 382

Lot 380

Lot 385

Lot 377


The Archytas Collection of Kushan Part I Formed over the past thirty years, the Archytas Collection represents one of the finest holdings of Kushan coins in private hands. Replete with coins of exceptional quality, extreme rarity, and considerable historical and iconographic interest, this dedicated collector has created an extraordinary numismatic record of the Kushan Empire which flourished in Central Asia from the first to the fourth centuries AD. The name Kushan derives from the Chinese term Guishuang, used to describe one branch of the Yuezhi, a loose confederation of IndoEuropean people who had been living in the Xinjiang Province of modern China. Driven west by the Xiongnu nomads between 176 and 160 BC, the five groups of the Yuezhi – the Xiumi, Guishuang, or Kushans, Shuangmi, Xidun, and Dumi – reached the Hellenistic kingdom of Baktria by 135 BC. They expelled the ruling Greek dynasties there, forcing these kings farther south to settle along the Indus River. In the following century, the Guishuang bound the other tribes of the Yuezhi into a powerful state. As the Guishuang, or Kushans, were the predominant power, their name became that by which the entire confederation was known. At its height the Kushan Empire encompassed most of modern-day Afghanistan and Pakistan, as well as large parts of northern India, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan. Diplomatic ties were maintained with the empires of Rome to the west and China to the east. The earliest Kushan coins were struck to the same standards of the issues of Indo-Greek kingdoms that the Kushans conquered. They comprised mainly tetradrachms and drachms in silver and bronze with legends in Greek. Under Vima Kadphises a major reform resulted in the introduction of a spectacular gold coinage of dinars weighing approximately eight grams along with multiples and fractions. The types extolled the might of the Kushan kings and their religious affinities. The earliest gold dinars bore legends solely in Greek, subsequent issues had legends in both Greek and Kharoshti. As the empire grew to its greatest extend under king Kanishka the Kushan language, written in adaptation of the Greek alphabet with some local alterations, was increasingly used. Like their Roman contemporaries, the Kushans incorporated much of the culture and religion of the many varied peoples they ruled into their own. With an empire straddling the cross roads of the Ancient world, the Kushan pantheon came to represent an unparalleled syncretism of western and eastern elements. The Kushan gold coinage displays this remarkable diversity to the fullest extent as evinced by the Archytas Collection. Greek gods and heroes appear alongside fertility gods of Ancient Iran. Siva, greatly revered by king Vima Kadphises, and other Shaivite gods of the Indian Subcontinent compete with deities and avatars of Zoroastrianism. The Buddha, championed by king Kanishka I, takes his place as do deities linked to Sumerian, Akkadian and Ancient Egyptian beliefs. As time passed, and the fortunes of the empire waned, the coinage witnesses a shrinking of this broad pantheon till only Siva, accompanied by his faithful Nandi bull, and Ardoksho, the great goddess of fertility and wealth, remain. After the death of Vasudeva I in AD 225 the Sasanian Empire under Ardashir I conquered Kushan lands in Baktria and northern India. The southern portion of this territory remained under direct Sasanian control, while in the north arose the Kushanshahs, or Kushano-Sasanians, Sasanian nobles who ruled the region as vassals, striking broad flan dinars blending Kushan and Sassanian elements. By AD 270, Kushan control of the Ganges plain was ceded to the rising Gupta kingdom and by AD 320 the Guptas were pressing on the last remaining Kushanheld territories. During this period, several rebel leaders and generals appeared, further weakening the Kushan state. By the middle of the fourth century AD, the former Kushan vassal, Kidara, absorbed the now-moribund Kushan Empire into his dominions. Kushan style dinars continued to by struck by the Kidarites and subsequent dynasties for hundreds of years.

Works Consulted Alram M. Alram. Nomina Propria Iranica in Nvmmis. IPNB Vol. 4. Vienna. 1986. ANS Kushan D. Jongeward and J. Cribb. Kushan, Kushano-Sasanian, and Kidarite Coins: A Catalogue of Coins from the American Numismatic Society. New York. 2015. Bopearachchi, Premiers O. Bopearachchi. “Premiers souverains kouchans: leur chronologie et iconographie de leur monnayages” in Journal des Savants 2008. Bopearachchi, Some O. Bopearachchi. “Some Observations on the Chronology of the Early Kushans” in Res Orientales XVII (2007). Cribb, Heraus J. Cribb. “The ‘Heraus’ coins: their attribution to the Kushan king Kujula Kadphises, c. AD 30-80” in Essays Carson-Jenkins. Cribb & Bracey J. Cribb and R. Bracey. Kushan Coins Catalogue. London. 2011. Cunningham Maj. Gen. Sir A. Cunningham. “Coins of the Kushâns, or Great Yue-ti” in NC 1892. Donum Burns R. Göbl. Donum Burns. Die Küsanmünzen im Münzkabinett Bern und die Chronologie. Wien. 1971. FdS F. Altheim and R. Stiehl. Finanzgeschichte der Spätantike. Frankfurt am Main. 1957. MK R. Göbl. Münzprägung des Kusanreiches. Vienna. 1984. Rosenfield J.H. Rosenfield. The Dynastic Art of the Kushans. Berkeley. 1967. Sunrise B. Nelson, ed., Numismatic Art of Persia: The Sunrise Collection. Part I: Ancient – 650 BC to AD 650. Lancaster. 2011. Zeno ZENO.RU - Oriental Coins Database. Online database at zeno.ru

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362. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Hsi-Hou Kushan (“Heraios”) or Kujula Kadphises. Circa AD 50-90. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 14.76 g, 1h). ‘Heraus’ type. Diademed and draped bust right / tU5å@@äUätä% ˙åäU ˚ä55å@äU, Heraios on horseback right; behind, Nike flying right, crowning him with wreath; % å@ å∫ below horse. Cribb, Heraus –; Senior B1.2T; Alram 1263 var. (legends); Donum Burns 9; Sunrise 521 (this coin). Iridescent toning, light marks under tone. Near EF. ($5000) From the Archytas Collection. Ex Sunrise Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 266; Album 7 (5 December 2009), lot 531; Spink 175 (28 September 2005), lot 283.

Second Known Pedigree Dinar of Vima Kadphises

363. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vima Kadphises. Circa AD 113-127. AV Dinar (19.5mm, 7.86 g, 12h). Monolingual Greek issue. Main mint in Baktria. bacilEyc ooI Mo kadficIc, diademed and crowned half-length bust of Vima Kadphises right on clouds, flames at shoulder, holding mace-scepter in right hand; 9 to left / bacilEwc ookIMotdkdooy koos sdoy yioc, ithyphallic triple-headed Siva standing facing, holding composite trident and goat skin. Bopearachchi, Premiers Série III, = Bopearachchi, Some 5 and p. 43 and Fig. A (this coin); MK –; ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns –. Deposits in devices, small scuff on reverse. VF. Second known. ($10,000) From the Archytas Collection. This exceedingly rare and important coin is perhaps the earliest issue of Vima Kadphises’s gold coinage. The obverse shows a half-length bust of the great king diademed and crowned holding a club-like mace. To emphasis his godlike power he is seated in clouds, flames rising from his shoulders. Although not named, the deity on the reverse is clearly a potent manifestation of Siva. The legends on both obverse and reverse are, unlike later issues, in Greek. The reverse legend proclaims Vima Kadphises lineage as the YIOC or son of Vima Taktu - ‘son of Great King Taktu Kushanshah’ - thus confirming the Kushan royal geneology contained in the famous Rabatak inscription.

97


Rival Celators in Vima’s Mint?

364

365

364. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vima Kadphises. Circa AD 113-127. AV Dinar (20mm, 7.91 g, 12h). Bilingual Greek issue. Main mint in Baktria. bacilEyc oonMo kadficIc, diademed and crowned half-length bust of Vima Kadphises right on clouds, flames at shoulder, holding mace-scepter in right hand; 9 to left / [Å]rd~ Å9`k m˙ År·Óm År·Ó g¬‰Å ÅjrÎjr Åjrhm (Maharajasa rajadirajasa sarvaloga iśvarasa mahiśvarasa hima kaphthiśasa tradara[sa] in Kharosthi), ithyphallic Siva standing facing, head left, holding trident in right hand and resting left arm on bull Nandi behind, who is standing right with head facing; 0 (Three Jewels) to left. Bopearachchi, Premiers, Série IV, 6 = Bopearachchi, Some 7 (this coin); MK 2 (O1/R2) = FdS 12; ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns –. Traces of deposits, minor die breaks. VF. Extremely rare, only this coin in CoinArchives. ($12,500) From the Archytas Collection. Ex Triton XI (8 January 2008), lot 369 (part of).

365. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vima Kadphises. Circa AD 113-127. AV Dinar (19.5mm, 8.00 g, 12h). Bilingual Greek issue. Main mint in Baktria. bacilEyc oonMo kadficIc, diademed and crowned half-length bust of Vima Kadphises right on clouds, flames at shoulder, holding mace-scepter in right hand; 9 to left / [Å]rd~ Å9`k m˙ År·Óm År·Ó g¬‰Å ÅjrÎjr Åjrhm (Maharajasa rajadirajasa sarvaloga iśvarasa mahiśvarasa hima kaphthiśasa tradara[sa] in Kharosthi), ithyphallic Siva standing facing, head left, holding trident in right hand and resting left arm on bull Nandi behind, who is standing right with head facing; 0 (Three Jewels) to left. Bopearachchi, Premiers, Série IV, 5-6; MK 2 (O1/R2) = FdS 2; ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns –. Traces of deposits, minor die breaks. Good VF. Extremely rare, only this coin in CoinArchives. ($12,500) From the Archytas Collection. Ex Triton XI (8 January 2008), lot 369 (part of). Göbl’s Type 2 was previously known from only a single example in the British Museum. The present two coins are both from the same dies as the British Museum example; lot 365 shows the same obverse die state as the British Museum specimen, but surprisingly, lot 364 is from an earlier obverse die state with a quite different portrait. It is clear that lot 364 is from the same obverse die, for the details of the legend and the characteristic die flaws match precisely. However, the portrait is very different: it shows a smaller and less attractive head of the king, with his nose prominently hooked, his eye narrow, and his lip turned down at the corner. The die was later reworked, with the portrait re-engraved to enlarge the head, increase the relief, and present a more sculptural and idealized portrait, seen in lot 365 and the British Museum example. We can only speculate on the precise circumstances, but the inference seems inescapable that the king, having just instituted the first Kushan gold coinage, recognized the power of imagery on his coinage and moved quickly to replace the first unflattering portrait with a more appropriate representation of his eminence.

98


Previously Unknown Type

366. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vima Kadphises. Circa AD 113-127. AV Dinar (20mm, 7.85 g, 12h). Bilingual Greek issue. Main mint in Baktria. ∫å15G(U1 ∫å15G(w@ 1wt˙r Â(˝å1 oo[˙]Âo kådf51˙1, diademed and crowned figure of Vima Kadphises seated facing on cushioned throne with ornate legs and high back, head left, feet on footstool, holding laurel branch in raised right hand and resting left arm on left knee; club to left, 9 to right / td~ Å9`k m˙ År·Óm År·Ó g¬‰Å ÅjrÎjr Åjrhm (Maharajasa rajadirajasa sarvaloga iśvarasa mahiśvarasa hima kaphthiśasa trada[rasa]in Kharosthi), ithyphallic three-headed Siva standing facing, holding trident in right hand, left arm resting on the bull Nandi, who stands right behind; 9 to left. Bopearachchi, Premiers –; cf. MK 3 (for rev.; same die) and MK 11 (for obv.); ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns –; Zeno 11391 (this coin). Deposits in devices, a couple of scuffs on edge . VF. Extremely rare, only this coin in CoinArchives. ($5000) From the Archytas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 91 (19 September 2012), lot 448; Triton XV (3 January 2012), lot 1367.

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Triumphal Chariot Type

367. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vima Kadphises. Circa AD 113-127. AV Dinar (21mm, 8.05 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria. bacilEyc oohm o kadfichc, diademed and crowned figure of Vima Kadphises, cradling club in left arm, seated right in canopied chariot drawn by pair of horses; miniature charioteer before Vima, holding whip / Å9`k m˙ År·Óhm jr·Óg¬ ÅjrÎjr Åjrhm (Maharajasa rajadirajasa loga’iśvaraja maha’iśvarasa vima kathpiśasa in Kharosthi), ithyphallic Siva with two heads (mustached human and horned animal) standing facing, human head left, holding trident in right hand and water flask in left; left arm draped with animal skin; 0 (Three Jewels) to left; 9 to right. Bopearachchi, Premiers, Série VII, 10 = Bopearachchi, Some 3 (same dies); MK 5 (O1/R1); ANS Kushan 265; Donum Burns –; Adams IV 2125 (same dies). Small earthen deposits on obverse. Good VF. Very rare. ($20,000) This dinar shows Vima Kadphises in a parasoled chariot, drawn by two horses. It is strikingly similar to a similar chariot (drawn by four horses), discovered among the Terracotta Army that was part of the tomb complex of the Chinese emperor Qin Shi Huang (259-210 BC). Initially, chariots served a military function. As weapons technology changed, making the chariot outdated, it continued to be used among the nobility as a means of transportation and a reflection of their wealth and power. For the Kushan rulers, use of this technology would not only have been familiar because of their Yueh-Chi ancestry, but also reflected their adaptation of various regional cultures.

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Exceptional Example

368. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vima Kadphises. Circa AD 113-127. Æ Tetradrachm (31mm, 17.31 g, 12h). Main mint in Begram. Vima Kadphises standing facing, head left, sacrificing over altar; trident to left, 9 and club to right / Siva standing facing, holding trident; behind, the bull Nandi standing right; 0 (Three Jewels) to left. MK 762; ANS Kushan 300-2; Donum Burns 87-105. Dark green-brown patina, slightly worn at high points, a few light cleaning marks. Good VF. Struck on a broad flan. Exceptional example of this popular issue. ($500) From the Archytas Collection.

369. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Kanishka I. Circa AD 127-151. AV Dinar (19.5mm, 7.98 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Early phase. Kanishka, diademed and crowned, standing facing, head left, holding goad and scepter, sacrificing over altar to left; flame at shoulder / Nana, nimbate, wearing fillet and crescent, standing right, holding scepter and box; 8 to right. MK 35 (O7/R9); ANS Kushan 370; Donum Burns 117. Deposits in devices. EF. ($2500) From the Archytas Collection.

101


Two Extremely Rare Quarter Dinars of Kanishka I

370

371 370. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Kanishka I. Circa AD 127-151. AV Quarter Dinar (14mm, 1.99 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Early phase. Kanishka, diademed and crowned, standing facing, head left, holding goad and scepter, sacrificing over altar to left; flame at shoulder / Athsho, hand on hip and holding fire tongs, standing left, holding diadem in outstretched hand; 8 to left. MK 47 (O21/R10d); cf. ANS Kushan 375-6 (for rev.; same die); Donum Burns –, but cf. 122 (for reverse). Lightly toned, reverse struck with worn die. EF. Extremely rare, four examples in CoinArchives. ($1500) From the Archytas Collection.

371. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Kanishka I. Circa AD 127-151. AV Quarter Dinar (14mm, 1.99 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Late phase. Kanishka, diademed and crowned, standing facing, head left, holding goad and scepter, sacrificing over altar to left; flame at shoulder / Nana, nimbate, wearing fillet and crescent, standing right, holding scepter and box; 8 to left. MK 50 (O20/R6); ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns –; Gemini IV, lot 253 (same dies). Deposits. EF. Extremely rare, the Gemini coin is the only example of this die pair in CoinArchives. ($1500) From the Archytas Collection.

Exceptional Dinar of Kanishka I

372. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Kanishka I. Circa AD 127-151. AV Dinar (21mm, 7.97 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Late phase. saonanosao ka nIs˚i ˚osano, Kanishka, diademed and crowned, standing facing, head left, holding goad and scepter, sacrificing over altar to left; flame at shoulder / Miiro down right, Miiro (Mithra) standing facing, head left, extending hand in benediction and holding hilt of sword; 8 to left. MK 52 (O1/R15); ANS Kushan 378; Donum Burns 126. Slight double strike in obverse legend, traces of luster. EF. ($3000) From the Archytas Collection.

102


373. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Kanishka I. Circa AD 127-151. AV Dinar (20mm, 7.97 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Late phase. Kanishka, diademed and crowned, standing facing, head left, holding goad and scepter, sacrificing over altar to left; flame at shoulder / Siva, nimbate, standing facing, head left, pouring water from flask and holding vajra (thunderbolt), trident, and he-goat; 8 to left. MK 62 (O23/R– [unlisted rev. die]); ANS Kushan 382; Donum Burns 131. Lightly toned, hint of deposits on obverse. Near EF. ($2500) From the Archytas Collection.

Very Rare Dinar of Kanishka I

374. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Kanishka I. Circa AD 127-151. AV Dinar (21mm, 7.95 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Late phase. Kanishka, diademed and crowned, standing facing, head left, holding goad and scepter, sacrificing over altar to left; flame at shoulder / Ardoxsho standing right, holding cornucopia; tamgha to right; 8 to right. MK 77 (O41A/R4A); ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns 139. Lightly toned, deposits on reverse, small scuff on edge. EF. Sharply struck from fresh dies. Very rare, only five examples cited by Göbl, three in CoinArchives. ($3000) From the Archytas Collection.

103


375. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Huvishka. Circa AD 152-192. AV Dinar (19mm, 7.94 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Early phase. Diademed and crowned half-length bust left on clouds, holding mace-scepter and goad / Pharro (Hermes-Mercury) standing facing, head right, holding purse and filleted scepter; 7 to right. MK 141 (O7/R11α); ANS Kushan 715; Donum Burns 224. Minor deposits. VF. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 97 (17 September 2014), lot 454.

376. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Huvishka. Circa AD 151-190. AV Dinar (19mm, 7.92 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Early phase. Crowned and diademed bust left on clouds, holding mace scepter and goad; flames over shoulder / Ardoxsho standing facing, head left, holding cornucopia; 7 to right. MK 154/3 (O10/R– [unlisted rev. die]); ANS Kushan 721; Donum Burns 232. Underlying luster, slight double strike on reverse. EF. Very rare. ($2000) From the Archytas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 87 (18 May 2011), lot 774 (hammer $4100). Like the Parthian royal wart, the ring that appears on the cheek of Huvishka may be a physiological sign of royalty.

Extremely Rare Quarter Dinar of Huvishka

377. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Huvishka. Circa AD 151-190. AV Quarter Dinar (13.5mm, 1.98 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Early phase. Diademed and crowned half-length bust left on clouds, holding mace-scepter and goad / Nana, nimbate, and Siva standing facing, heads vis-à-vis; Nana holding scepter and box; Siva pouring water from flask and holding vajra (thunderbolt), trident, and he-goat; 7 between. MK 167 (O20/R1); ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns –; Zeno –. Lightly toned, hint of deposits, obverse struck with worn die. Good VF. Extremely rare, two examples cited by Göbl, none in CoinArchives. ($2000) From the Archytas Collection. A rare depiction of the Hindu god Siva together with the Sumerian goddess Nana.

104


Athsho – The Fire God

378. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Huvishka. Circa AD 152-192. AV Dinar (20mm, 7.90 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Late phase. Nimbate, diademed, and crowned half-length bust left on clouds, holding mace-scepter and filleted spear over shoulder / Athsho standing right, flames about head and shoulders, holding blacksmith’s hammer over shoulder and pair of tongs; & to left. MK 211 (O1/R – [unlisted rev. die]); ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns 248. Toned. Good VF. Extremely rare, only two examples, including this coin, in CoinArchives. ($2500) From the Archytas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 72 (14 June 2006), lot 1086. Athsho was a representation of the Zoroastrian concept of holy fire. He is also linked with Hephaistos, the Olympian god of fire and metalworking.

Extremely Rare Oaninda Dinar

379. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Huvishka. Circa AD 151-190. AV Dinar (20.5mm, 7.90 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Late phase. sÅo˜Å˜osÅo oo Is˚i ˚osŘO, nimbate and crowned bust left on clouds, flames at shoulders, holding mace-scepter and filleted spear / oŘ i˜dÅ (sic), winged Oanindo (Nike-Victory) standing left, holding wreath and scepter; & to right. MK 243 (O1/R2) = Cribb & Bracey E.G1v = FdS 218 = BM inv. 1879, 0501.18 (same dies); ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns –; CNG 64, lot 556 (this coin). VF. Extremely rare, only two examples, including this coin, in CoinArchives. ($5000) From the Archytas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 64 (24 September 2003), lot 556. The figure of Oanindo is patterned on the Classical Nike, a type that was well-known to the inhabitants of the region. The name may derive from the Avestan Vanainti, a star and goddess associated with Verethragna (Varahran), the god who appears on Kushan coinage as Orlagno.

105


Ex Sunrise and Göbl Collections

380. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Huvishka. Circa AD 152-192. AV Dinar (20mm, 7.83 g, 12h). Subsidiary mint in Gandhara (Peshawar?). Early phase. sÅONÅhOsÅO OOIs˚i ˚O[ ], nimbate, crowned, and diademed bust left, flames on shoulders / MiirO to right, Miiro, radiate, nimbate, and diademed, standing facing, head left, extending right hand in benediction and cradling filleted and globe-tipped scepter in left arm; 7 to left. MK 290 (O1/R9); ANS Kushan 767 (same obv. die); Donum Burns 265 (same obv. die); Sunrise 541 (this coin). Traces of deposits in devices, a few light scratches. VF. Very rare. ($7500) From the Archytas Collection. Ex Sunrise Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 286; Gorny & Mosch (9 October 2006), lot 243; Prof. Robert Göbl Collection (Peus 363, 26 April 2000), lot 5425.

381. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Huvishka. Circa AD 152-192. AV Dinar (21mm, 7.94 g, 12h). Subsidiary mint in Gandhara (Peshawar?). Early phase. Crowned and diademed bust left on clouds, holding mace scepter in right hand and goad in left; flames over shoulder / Miiro (Mithra) standing facing, head left, extending hand in benediction, cradling filleted scepter, and holding hilt of sword; 7 to left. MK 291 (O32/R7); ANS Kushan 755; Donum Burns –. Lightly toned. EF. ($2000)

106


Maaseno – God of War

382. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Huvishka. Circa AD 151-190. AV Dinar (20mm, 7.93 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Early phase. saO˜a˜OsaO O OIs˚i ˚Osa˜O, diademed, and crowned half-length bust left on clouds, holding mace-scepter and goad / MÅÅcI˜O, Maaseno, nimbate and crowned, standing facing, holding bird-tipped and filleted scepter in right hand, left hand on hilt of sword; 7 to left. MK 298 (O31/R2); ANS Kushan 709; Donum Burns 271. Lightly toned, slight double strike on obverse, hint of deposits on reverse. EF. Very rare. ($7500) From the Archytas Collection. Maaseno was the Kushan incarnation of the Hindu god Karttikeya, or Skanda, whose epithet was Mahasena. A particularly important deity to Yaudheyas, with his cult center at the Yaudheya capital of Rohitaka, it is highly probable that he entered the Kushan pantheon as a result of Kushan expansion into the territory of the Yaudheyas.

383. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Huvishka. Circa AD 152-192. AV Dinar (20mm, 7.92 g, 12h). Subsidiary mint in Gandhara (Peshawar?). Early phase. Crowned and diademed bust left on clouds, holding mace-scepter and goad / Siva, nimbate, standing left, holding thunderbolt, flask, trident, and horns of goat to lower left; 7 to left. MK 308/3 (O37/R58); ANS Kushan 757; Donum Burns 276–8. Lightly toned, hint of deposits. Good VF. ($2000) From the Archytas Collection.

107


Only One Cited by Göbl

384. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Huvishka. Circa AD 152-192. AV Dinar (21mm, 7.97 g, 12h). Subsidiary mint in Gandhara (Peshawar?). Early phase. Crowned and diademed bust left on clouds, holding mace-scepter and goad / Ardoxsho standing facing, head left, holding diadem and cornucopia; 8 to left. MK 330 (O1/R1); ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns –; CNG 61, lot 992 (same dies). Toned, obverse struck with worn die, slight double strike on reverse. Near EF. Extremely rare, one example cited by Göbl, the CNG coin the only example in CoinArchives. ($2000) From the Archytas Collection.

Ashaeixsho – The Best Truth

385. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Huvishka. Circa AD 152-192. AV Dinar (21mm, 7.97 g, 12h). Subsidiary mint in Gandhara (Peshawar?). Early phase. saOhahOsaO O OIshi ˚OsÅhO (sic), nimbate, diademed, and crowned half-length bust left on clouds, holding mace-scepter and filleted spear / ÅsÅ´ixso to right, Ashaeixsho (Aša Vahišta) standing facing, head left, extending hand in benediction and holding hand on hip; & to left. MK 342 (O1/R1); ANS Kushan 769 (same dies); Donum Burns –. Traces of deposits. EF. Very rare. ($5000) From the Archytas Collection. Representing Aša Vahišta (the Best Truth/Righteousness), one of the Ameša Spentas, or “divine sparks” of Ahura Mazda, Ashaeixsho is the embodiment of truth for the souls of the righteous. As a divine intermediary, he could receive prayers intended for Ahura Mazda. Aša Vahišta was often invoked with Vohu Manah (Good Purpose) – Manaobago of the Kushans –, as well as Ātar (Holy Fire), represented in the Kushan pantheon as Athsho.

108


Extremely Rare Oešo (Siva) Reverse

386. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vasudeva I. Circa AD 190-230. AV Dinar (21mm, 8.08 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Early phase. saO˜a˜OsaO bO z dIO ˚Os˜O, Vasudeva, nimbate, helmeted, and diademed, standing facing, head left, holding trident, sacrificing over altar to left / OIsO up left, triple-headed (two human and one a horned animal) and ithyphallic Siva standing facing, flames at shoulders, holding a garland or diadem in upper right hand, lotus in lower right, and trident in upper left; lower left hand resting on hump of the bull Nandi standing behind left, wearing bell around neck; ^ to upper right. MK 500 var. (all three heads human); ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns 402 = C.A. Burns, “Topi Hoard of Kushana, Dinaras” in Numismatic Digest 14 (1990/1), p. 20 (Second Workshop) = C.A. Burns, “Coinage of the King of Kings, Vasudeva, Kushana” in Numismatic Digest XI (1987), Fig. 20 (Workshop “B”): CNG 108, lot 424 (same obv. die). Traces of deposits, scattered marks, slightly double struck. Near EF. Extremely rare, only one example (the CNG coin), in CoinArchives. ($7500) From the Archytas Collection.

Nandi Bowing to Siva

387. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vasudeva I. Circa AD 192-225. AV Dinar (20.5mm, 8.00 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Early phase. sÅO˜Å˜OsÅO bÅ zOÅIO ˚Os˜O, Vasudeva, nimbate, helmeted, and diademed, standing facing, head left, holding trident, sacrificing over altar to left; filleted trident to left / OIsO to left, three-headed Siva standing facing, holding a garland or diadem in extended right hand and trident in left; behind, the bull Nandi standing left with head bowed right in supplication towards Siva’s feet to right; 6 to upper right. MK 501 (O1/R4) Cribb & Bracey F.G1i = FdS 266 = Rosenfield 208 = BM Inv. 1879,0501.91; Cunningham 8 (same rev. die); ANS Kushan –; cf. Donum Burns 503 (for type); Triton XX, lot 437 (same dies). Light toning, hint of deposits in devices, slight double strike on obverse. Good VF. Extremely rare, one of four examples known from this die pair. ($5000) From the Archytas Collection. In the traditional henotheistic view of Hinduism, Siva is one part of the Trimurti, the three aspects which make up the supreme godhead (the other two being Brahma, the Creator, and Visnu, the preserver). On Kushan coins depicting Siva, the god is sometimes portrayed as a figure with a tripartite head and in association with Nandi, the bull of happiness and strength. Here, Nandi bows to Siva, indicating that happiness and strength is subject to the supreme godhead.

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Extremely Rare Mule

388. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vasudeva I. Circa AD 192-225. AV Quarter Dinar (13mm, 2.00 g, 12h). Mint I (A). 2nd emission. Vasudeva, nimbate, helmeted, and diademed, standing facing, head left, holding trident, sacrificing over altar to left; filleted trident to left / Mao, wearing lunar horns, standing left, extending right hand in benediction and holding sword; & to left. MK 510A (O1/R52 [of MK 277]); ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns –; Roma E-Sale 63, lot 432 (same dies). Trace deposits. Near EF. Extremely rare, only one example (the Roma coin), in CoinArchives. ($1000) From the Archytas Collection.

Unique and Impressive Medallion

389. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vasudeva I. Circa AD 190-230. Æ Medallion (50mm, 80.01 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Middle phase. sa [ona]nosao bao ba zo [d] ho hosa[h]a (sic), Vasudeva, nimbate, standing facing, head left, sacrificing over altar and holding trident; trident to left / OIsa, ithyphallic Siva with three heads standing facing, holding a garland or diadem, and vajra (thunderbolt) in upraised hands, lotus or flask in outstretched hand, and one hand lowered at side; ^ to left. Cf. MK 509 (for obv. and rev. types; rev. with Nandi [dinar]) and MK 1001-3 (for obv. type; rev. with two-armed Siva and Nandi [tetradrachm]); ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns –; Göbl, Antike –; Zeno 118830 (this medal). Dark green patina, some roughness and traces of smoothing, areas of stabilized green. VF. Unique and impressive. ($15,000) From the Archytas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 96 (14 May 2014), lot 640 (withdrawn for conservation); Triton XVI (8 January 3013), lot 673.

390. INDIA, Post-Kushan (Gandhara). Kidara Shahis. Śri Sahi. 5th century AD. Base AV Dinar (24mm, 7.62 g, 12h). Kushan-style king standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding filleted standard; filleted trident and śri sa[hi] in Brahmi to left, Kidara monogram to inner right / Ardoxsho seated facing, holding [filleted investiture garland] and cornucopia. MACW –; MK pl. 176, 18/1 = A. Cunningham, “Coins of the Later Indo-Scythians-Little Kushans” in NC 1893, 14; Donum Burns 1598. Toned, earthen deposits. EF. Rare. ($750) From the Archytas Collection.

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391. SASANIAN KINGS. Šābuhr (Shahpur) I. AD 240-272. AV Dinar (23mm, 7.04 g, 3h). Mint VI? (“Sakastan”?). Phase Ic, circa AD 251-258. UK¡X WNM L1RL1 1KE M E1KKo 0˚j U˚µjC 4 0¡dRM (mzdysn bgy šhpwhry MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n MNW tšry in Pahlavi), bust right, wearing diadem and mural crown with korymbos; korymbos decorated with alternating ი and ˘; ი on each shoulder; U to upper right / ‚j1KWb (nwr’zy in Pahlavi) to left, ¬ KjKpjÅ (šhpwhry in Pahlavi) to right, fire altar; flanked by two attendants, each wearing mural crown with ribbons and korymbos and holding staff surmounted by ¯; ¯ on altar shaft. SNS type IIc/2b, style L; Göbl type I/1; Paruck ; Saeedi –; Sunrise –; Heritage 3054, lot 30179 (same dies, but later die state); Roma E-45, lot 383 (same dies, but later die state); Lanz 164, lot 105. Hint of deposits, struck with lightly rusty dies, mount removed. Good VF. ($3000)

392. SASANIAN KINGS. Šābuhr (Shahpur) I. AD 240-272. AR Drachm (28mm, 4.24 g, 3h). Mint I (“Ctesiphon”). Phase 2, circa AD 260-272. Bust right, wearing diadem and mural crown with korymbos and earflaps / Fire altar; flanked by two attendants wearing diadems (type 3a) and mural crowns; > to left of flames. SNS type IIc/1b, style P, group d/1; Sunrise 741. Toned, areas of light die rust on obverse, small die break to left of fravahr. Good VF. ($300) Ex K. Grzesiak Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 103, 14 September 2016), lot 505; Empire Coins FPL 46 (August 1989), no. 28.

393. SASANIAN KINGS. Šābuhr (Shahpur) II. AD 309-379. AR Obol (15mm, 0.64 g, 3h). Mint IX (“Kabul”). Struck circa AD 320-379. Crowned bust right; symbol to right / Fire altar with ribbons; flanked by attendants; bust right in flames; traces of l’st in Pahlavi on altar shaft. SNS type Ib1/3a (unlisted symbol); cf. Zeno 163946 = Sunrise 850 (similar issue with different symbol). Minor porosity, thin die break on reverse. Good VF. Extremely rare symbol, none in CoinArchives. ($500)

394. SASANIAN KINGS. Šābuhr (Shahpur) II. AD 309-379. AR Obol (15mm, 0.43 g, 3h). Uncertain (“Eastern”) mint. Struck circa AD 320-379. Crowned bust right; symbol to right / Fire altar with ribbons; flanked by attendants; bust right in flames. SNS type Ib1/3a (unlisted symbol); cf. Zeno 205725 (similar issue with different symbol). Light granularity. Near EF. Extremely rare symbol, none in CoinArchives. ($500)

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395. KUSHANO-SASANIANS. Ohrmazd (Hormizd) I. Circa AD 270-300. AV Dinar (32mm, 7.93 g, 12h). Boxlo (Balkh) mint. Late series. Ohrmazd standing left on ground line, wearing lion-head crown with ribbons and surmounted by artichoke, flames at shoulders, sacrificing at altar and holding trident; to left, trident standard above altar, middle prong surmounted by crescent; • to right of altar; ( between legs; ˘ below left arm; to right, 0 and bdcd (mint signature) / Siva standing facing, holding diadem and trident; behind, the bull Nandi standing left; • in outer margin to left. MK 745 var. (τ above tamgha); ANS Kushan 2210 var. (swastika retrograde); cf. Carter 27 (for type); cf. Cribb 4 (same); Donum Burns –. Deposits, minor flan crack, a few scratches. EF. Reverse well struck for issue. ($2000) From the Archytas Collection.

396. KUSHANO-SASANIANS. Vahrām (Bahram) I. Circa AD 330-365. AV Dinar (29mm, 8.05 g, 12h). Boxlo (Balkh) mint. Struck under Kidarite king Peroz, circa AD 345-350. Vahram standing left on ground line, wearing ram’s horn crown with ribbons and surmounted by artichoke, flames at shoulders, sacrificing at altar and holding trident; to left, trident standard above altar, middle prong surmounted by crescent; 2 above altar flames; 9 between legs; ˘ below left arm; to right, f above ); below ), o above ˘ / Siva standing facing, holding diadem and trident; behind, the bull Nandi standing left. Cf. MK 714-5 (for type); ANS Kushan –; cf. Carter 34 (same); Cribb, Kidarites 3A; Donum Burns –. Light toning in devices, small hairline flan crack. EF. ($2000)

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Enigmatic Double Dinar

397. LOCAL ISSUES, Uncertain. Circa 1st century BC or slightly later. AV Double Dinar (26mm, 13.46 g, 12h). Local weight standard issue. Zeus Nikephoros seated slightly left; pseudo-legend and monograms around / Male driving oxen left; below, additional pair of oxen left; above, facing half-length bust with arms raised in benedictional gesture, or holding uncertain objects (possibly grain ears); pseudo-legend around. Unpublished in the standard references. Evidence of prior mounting. VF. A highly interesting piece. ($3000) Ex Gorny & Mosch 121 (10 March 2003), lot 284. This coin raises a number of challenges toward a more specific attribution. The weight of of 13.46g may represent an unknown local weight approaching a Baktrian double stater or Kushan double dinar (each of which would be 16.00 g theoretical full weight). Based on the obverse figure of enthroned Zeus, it appears to have derived its model from the coinage of the later Indo-Greeks (for a comparison, see the posthumous coinage of Hermaios struck by the Indo-Skythians). Unlike that coinage, however, the figure here is holding an eagle in his right hand, which is reminiscent of the Tarsan issues of Mazaios (361/0-334 BC), or the plentiful coinage of Alexander III of Macedon. It is possible that these Greek issues continued to circulate alongside contemporary Indo-Greek coins in Central Asia long after they were struck, thereby forming the basis for such a hybrid obverse. The reverse is more of a mystery, with no known issue providing the exact model of the design. While the man driving oxen is reminiscent of pomerium issues for the founding of provincial cities in the Greco-Roman world, there is nothing like it known on the coinage of Central Asia. Furthermore, the enigmatic bust above, raising both hands in a benedictional gesture, or holding uncertain objects (possibly grain ears), suggests a local version of a grain/agricultural deity. A truly enigmatic piece.

398. SILK ROAD, Uncertain. Circa 3rd-4th centuries AD. Fourrée AV ‘Quarter Dinar’ (14mm, 1.35 g, 12h). Imitating a Kushan obverse and Indo-Greek reverse. Uncertain mint. o@ Å o@, nimbate, diademed and crowned half-length bust of Huvishka left, holding mace-scepter in right hand and trident in left / o@o@‰@o, Athena Alkidemos advancing left, holding shield decorated with gorgoneion and brandishing thunderbolt; pseudo-monogram to right. Cf. MK 275-9 (for obv.); cf. Bopearachchi 7B (for rev.). Deposits in devices, area of core exposed on edge, ex jewelry. Good VF. ($1000)

ROMAN PROVINCIAL COINAGE

399. MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Caracalla, with Julia Domna. AD 198-217. Æ Pentassarion (29mm, 14.01 g, 1h). Quintilianus, legatus consularis. Struck AD 215. Laureate head of Caracalla and draped bust of Julia Domna visà-vis / Cybele enthroned left, holding phiale and resting forearm on tympanum; Є (mark of value) to left. H&J, Marcianopolis 6.19.31.1 (this coin cited and illustrated); Pfeiffer 166 (same dies); Varbanov 1014. Dark green patina, small flan crack. Good VF. Very rare. ($300) Ex E.L. Collection (Gorny & Mosch 265, 14 October 2019), lot 703; Lanz 117 (24 November 2003), lot 946; Aufhäuser 8 (9 October 1991), lot 474.

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Varbanov Plate Coin

400. MOESIA INFERIOR, Nicopolis ad Istrum. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. Æ (27mm, 12.52 g, 6h). Aurelius Gallus, legatus consularis. Struck AD 201-203. Laureate head right / Eagle standing standing facing on garlanded altar, head right, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; signa flanking. H&J, Nikopolis 8.14.47.7 = Varbanov 2694 (this coin illustrated). Attractive hard green patina, a few breaks exposing underlying toned metal, some light cleaning scratches. Near EF. Exceptional specimen. ($300) Ex E.L. Collection (Gorny & Mosch 265, 14 October 2019), lot 742; Lanz 109 (27 May 2002), lot 567.

401 402 401. MOESIA INFERIOR, Nicopolis ad Istrum. Caracalla. AD 198-217. Æ (26mm, 12.80 g, 7h). Aurelius Gallus, legatus consularis. Struck AD 201-203. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Nude Hercules standing right, lion skin wrapped around arm, holding club set on rock outcropping. H&J, Nikopolis 8.18.14.7 (this coin illustrated); AMNG I –; Varbanov –. Attractive hard green patina, lightly smoothed. Near EF. ($400) Ex E.L. Collection (Gorny & Mosch 265, 14 October 2019), lot 756.

402. MOESIA INFERIOR, Nicopolis ad Istrum. Caracalla. AD 198-217. Æ (30mm, 14.81 g, 1h). Flavius Ulpianus, legatus consularis. Struck AD 210-211. Laureate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on shoulder / Zeus enthroned left, holding phiale and scepter. H&J, Nikopolis 8.18.1.4 ; AMNG I 1565; Varbanov 3154. Hard dark green and brown patina, some smoothing and a few light cleaning marks. Near EF. Attractive coin in hand. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Review XLV.1 (Winter 2020), no. 528353; E.L. Collection (Gorny & Mosch 265, 14 October 2019), lot 769; Lanz 109 (27 May 2002), lot 611.

403. THRACE, Philippopolis. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ (32mm, 21.08 g, 1h). Gargilius Antiquus, legatus Augusti pro praetore provinciae Thraciae. Laureate head right / River-god Ebros reclining left, leaning overturned urn from which water flows, holding grain ears and poppy. RPC IV.1 Online 10460; Varbanov, Philippopolis VI.28.3.6.5 (this coin); Varbanov 692. Brown patina, some smoothing. EF. Well struck from dies of fine style. ($2000) Ex Gorny & Mosch 244 (6 March 2017), lot 395.

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404. THRACE, Serdica. Julia Domna. Augusta, AD 193-217. Æ (24.5mm, 8.90 g, 6h). Draped bust right / Hera standing left, head left, holding phiale and scepter. Ruzicka –; H&J, Serdica 12.17.3.3 = Varbanov 1994 (this coin illustrated). Dark green to black patina, a few light marks and scratches. EF. Very rare. ($300) Ex Jack A. Frazer Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 455, 30 October 2019), lot 217; Ponterio 126 (1 July 2003), lot 807; Lanz 112 (25 November 2002), lot 644.

A Selection of Coins from BCD Thessaly II (Triton XV)

405. THESSALY, Magnetes. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. Æ Assarion (16mm, 3.63 g, 12h). [ΣΕΒΑΣΤ]ΟΣ around from bottom right, head right / [ΜΑΓ]ΝΗΤΩΝ around from right, the centaur Chiron advancing right, branch over the left shoulder, right hand extended forward; below, thunderbolt. RPC 1421 var. [different portrait; dolphin below on reverse]. Dark green patina, obverse slightly double struck. Fine. Banker’s mark (“Z”) on obverse. Very rare, a total of seven are known according to RPC, all in museum or institutional collections. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 426.1.

406

407

406. THESSALY, Magnetes. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. Æ Assarion (16mm, 5.46 g, 12h). CEBACTOC, head right / [MAΓΝΗΤΩΝ], the centaur Chiron advancing right, branch over the left shoulder, right hand extended forward; below, dolphin. Rogers 362, fig. 184; RPC 1421. Brown surfaces with remnants of green patina. Near Fine. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 426.2; purchased from Frank Kovacs, June 1980, for $25. “This writer is not convinced that the reverse of this coin reads MAΓΝΗΤΩΝ. It seems more likely that it reads CEBACTOC in which case Rogers’ suspicions would be verified and the coin assigned to Claudius. The type is so rare - and in such poor condition when it appears - that the matter may take a very long time until it is resolved.” [BCD]

407. THESSALY, Magnetes. Augustus, with Tiberius. 27 BC-AD 14. Æ Diassarion (23mm, 7.53 g, 7h). [KAICAP] up left, [TI]BEPIOC down right, laureate head of Augustus right / CЄBACTOC down right, MAΓΝΗΤωΝ up left, laureate head of Tiberius right. RPC Supp. I, p. 19, S-1420A (this coin). Rough green brown surfaces. Fine. Unique. RPC cites only this example, only this coin in CoinArchives (cited, but not illustrated). ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 426.3.

408. THESSALY, Magnetes. Augustus, with Tiberius. 27 BC-AD 14. Æ Diassarion (24mm, 11.19 g, 7h). ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΣ ΜΑΓΝΗΤΩΝ around from top left, laureate head of Augustus right / ΤΙΒΕΡΙΟΣ ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΣ around from top left, bare head of Tiberius right. RPC Supp. II, p. 36, S2-I-1420B (this coin). Olive green patina, edge a little irregular, reverse slightly off center. Good Fine. Unique. RPC cites only this example, only this coin in CoinArchives (cited, but not illustrated). ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 426.4.

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409. THESSALY, Magnetes. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Tetrassarion (23mm, 10.47 g, 7h). ΝΕΡΩΝ down left, KAICAP up right, bare head of Nero right / CEBACTOC up right, ΜΑΓΝΗΤΩ Ν down left, radiate head right. RPC 1422A (this coin). Green and red-brown patina, portraits a bit flatly struck. Fine. Unique. RPC cites only this example, only this coin in CoinArchives (illustrated). ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 429.123; Thomas Ollive Mabbott Collection (Hans Schulman 6 June 1969), lot 738 (hammer $75).

410. THESSALY, Magnetes. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Assarion (18.5mm, 4.61 g, 1h). CЄB[AC] down right, TOC up left, laureate head of Nero right / ΜΑΓΝΗ [ΤωΝ] around from left, the centaur Chiron advancing right, branch over the left shoulder, right hand extended forward. Rogers 363, fig. 185 var. [same obv. die but rev. inscription differently arranged]; RPC Supp. II, p. 36, 1423.5 (this coin). Attractive green-brown patina. VF. Rare. ($300) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 429.2; Oslo Mynthandel 18 (14 March 1987) 1132 (part of).

411 412 411. THESSALY, Magnetes. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Diassarion (22mm, 8.84 g, 7h). ΝΕΡωΝ down right, ΚΑΙ[CAP] up left, laureate head of Nero right / CЄBACT[OC] ΜΑΓΝΗ [ΤωΝ] around from right, laureate and radiate head of Nero right. RPC Supp. II, p. 36, 1424.3 (this coin). Green and brown patina. Good Fine. Very rare. ($300) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 429.3, purchased from Christian Blom, November 1973, for $47.50; Thomas Ollive Mabbott Collection (Hans Schulman, 6 June 1969), lot 739.

412. THESSALY, Magnetes. Domitian. AD 81-96. Æ Diassarion (23mm, 7.56 g, 5h). ΔΟΜΙΤΙΑΝΟC K[AICAP Μ] ΑΓΝΗΤωΝ around from right, laureate head of Domitian right / ΔΟΜΙΤΙΑΝΟC KAIC[AP ΜΑΓΝΗΤ] around from right, laureate head of unknown prince right. RPC 275.3 (this coin). Rough brown surfaces. Near Fine. Extremely rare, the third known. ($200) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 429.4. “Rogers thinks that this coin consists of two obverses, i.e. two portraits of Domitian. This would not be impossible as we have the examples of Nero (see lots 429.1 and 429.3 above); also, Domitian appears with Domitia on the Thessalian League coins. However, the authors of RPC do not recognize anyone on the second portrait and this writer follows this attribution as being the latest (and most authoritative).” [BCD]

413. THESSALY, Magnetes. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ Triassarion (22mm, 7.43 g, 12h). [KOMMOΔΟ] down right, [ΑΓNΤωΝЄINON] up left (?), laureate bust of Commodus right / AKPAIO down right, CΜΑΓΝΗΤΩΝ up left, Poseidon, naked, standing left, holding long trident with left hand and dolphin in extended right. RPC IV.1 Online 4572.2 (this coin). Dark green and brown patina. VF. Extremely rare, only three examples cited by RPC, including this coin. ($300) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 432 (there attributed to Commodus).

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414. THESSALY, Magnetes. Julia Domna. Augusta, AD 193-217. Æ Assarion (16mm, 2.86 g, 12h). ΙΟΥΛΙΑ down right, ΔΟΜΝΑ CЄ up left, draped bust of Julia Domna right / ΜΑΓΝΗΤω up left, Ν IOΛΚΙΑ down right, Artemis seated left on throne with low back, holding pomegranate (or phiale) in extended right hand. Franke, Αρτεμις, p. 62-64. See also Rogers 370, fig. 190 corr. [because of the pomegranate, Rogers interprets the rev. type as Aphrodite, but the inscription on the coin in his photograph says otherwise (BCD)]. Dark brown patina. Near VF. Very rare. ($500) Ex BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 433 (hammer $1300). ‘These small [a]ssaria with the reverse type of Artemis Iolkia have been explained in detail in Professor Franke’s publication of the first known (see above reference). Two years later, at the auction of Professor Mabbott’s collection, three more of these small coins appeared. Together with this Julia Domna coin, they are all that is known of these rarities and have ever appeared in the market, with the exception of the Franke coin that is duplicated here from a specimen of the same dies.” [BCD]

The Sacred Covered Wagon

415. IONIA, Ephesus. Commodus. As Caesar, AD 166-177. Æ (31mm, 16.84 g, 6h). Struck AD 175-177. Bareheaded and draped bust right / Diminutive figure driving sacred covered wagon (ἡ ἱερὰ ἀπήνη) right, drawn by biga of horses. RPC IV.2 Online 1145.22 (this coin cited and illustrated); Karwiese 361-2; SNG München 150-1; SNG von Aulock 1892; BMC 251-3. Natural green patina, minor deposits. Good VF. ($750) Ex Numismatik Naumann 53 (7 May 2017), lot 454.

416

417

416. LYDIA, Mastaura. Philip I. AD 244-249. Æ (35mm, 19.91 g, 6h). Loukinios, the son of Kletos, president of the college of grammateis. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Victimarius standing right, holding hammer and horn of bull kneeling left, preparing to stun it. For coin: GRPC Lydia 78 = RPC VIII Online (unassigned; ID 20371* – this coin). Green and brown surfaces, light roughness. Good VF. Extremely rare, RPC cites only this coin. ($1000) Ex Solidus Premium Auction 13 (25 March 2017), lot 183.

417. LYDIA, Nysa. Maximus. Caesar, AD 235/6-238. Æ Triassarion (35mm, 21.75 g, 6h). Countermarked issue. M. Aur. Eutyches II, son of Iphon, grammateus. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; c/m: Γ within circular incuse / Six young men advancing left, carrying platform containing couchant bull; seventh young man, blowing flute and holding rope tied around bull’s neck, leading procession. For coin: GRPC Lydia 196; RPC VI Online 4797.5 (this coin); for c/m: Howgego 776. Green and red-brown patina. Good Fine. Extremely rare and interesting issue, the sole example in CoinArchives. ($500) Ex Numismatik Naumann 58 (1 October 2017), lot 319 (expertly conserved since).

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418. CARIA, Antiochia ad Maeandrum. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ Semis (37mm, 28.87 g, 5h). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Zeus Kapitolios seated right, holding scepter and Nike; to right, Athena standing left, holding uncertain object and shield set on ground. SNG München 82; RPC IV.2 Online 9463.3 (this coin). Green and red-brown patina. Good VF. Extremely rare, RPC cites only three examples, only this coin in CoinArchives. ($750) Ex Numismatik Naumann 59 (5 November 2017), lot 241 (expertly conserved since).

Ex von Aulock Collection

419. PHRYGIA, Laodicea ad Lycum. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. Æ (35mm, 24.36 g, 6h). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Severus on horse rearing right, preparing to spear fallen horseman below. von Aulock, Phrygiens –; SNG von Aulock 3850 (this coin). Green and brown patina, minor roughness. Good VF. Extremely rare, only this example in CoinArchives. ($750) Ex Bruun Rasmussen 874 (7 November 2017), lot 228 (misattributed to Laodicea ad Mare); Hans von Aulock Collection, 3850.

420 421 420. PISIDIA, Amblada. Julia Domna. Augusta, AD 193-217. Æ (34.5mm, 21.45 g, 6h). [I]OVΛIA ΔOMN A · CЄ · AVΓ, draped bust right / AMBΛAΔЄωN ΛAKЄΔA IMONIωN, cuirassed bust of soldier right, wearing crested Corinthianstyle helmet, holding spear over shoulder. Unpublished in the standard references`. Brown and dark green patina, minor roughness, edge chips. VF. Extremely rare, none in CoinArchives. ($300) 421. PISIDIA, Antiochia. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. Æ ‘Medallion’ (35mm, 25.22 g, 6h). Laureate head right / Pontiff driving yoke of oxen right, plowing pomerium; S R in exergue. Kryźanowska dies XXXVI/57; SNG BN 1106 (same dies). Green patina, smoothing in fields. VF. Rare. ($300) Ex E.L. Collection; Gorny & Mosch 134 (11 October 2004), lot 2000.

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422. CILICIA, Anemurium. Valerian I. AD 253-260. Æ (30mm, 11.92 g, 6h). Dated RY 3 (AD 255/6). Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Mummiform cult statue of Artemis facing, holding branch with each hand; at feet to left, stag standing left; ЄT Γ (date) in legend. SNG BN 714-5 var. (laureate bust & regnal year); SNG Levante 519 (same dies). Olive green patina with light earthen highlights/deposits, areas of minor roughness on obverse. Near EF. ($300)

423. CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea-Eusebia. Nero, with Divus Claudius. AD 54-68. AR Didrachm (23mm, 7.52 g, 12h). Struck circa AD 63-65. Laureate head of Nero right / Laureate head of Claudius right. RPC I 3647 corr. (rev. legend); RIC I 620 corr. (obv. legend); Sydenham, Caesarea 68. Lightly toned, minor marks. Choice EF. Exceptional metal quality. Highly attractive with two magnificent portraits. ($1500)

424. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Antioch. Mark Antony, with Cleopatra VII of Egypt. 36 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 15.44 g, 12h). BACIΛICCA KΛЄOΠATPA ΘЄA NЄωTЄPA, diademed bust of Cleopatra right, wearing earring, necklace, and embroidered dress / ANTωNIOC AVTOKPATωP TRITON TPIωN ANΔ[PωN], bare head of Antony right. McAlee 174; Prieur 27; RPC I 4094; HGC 9, 1361. Lightly toned, some minor porosity, areas of flat strike. VF. Excellent portraits of Antony & Cleopatra. ($10,000) The obverse legend is usually translated as “Queen Cleopatra, the younger goddess” or “...the newer goddess.” Ted Buttrey (“Thea Neotera,” MN VI [1954], pp. 95-109) read the legend rather differently: “Queen Cleopatra Thea, junior.” Essentially, this would make her Cleopatra Thea II and thus the namesake of the Seleucid queen Cleopatra Thea (ruled 125-121 BC), the daughter of Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II. Buttrey argued that such tetradrachms of Antony and Cleopatra officially mark Cleopatra as reigning “...not as an Egyptian conquerer but as a Seleucid queen.” While the coinage is traditionally given to the Antioch mint, this attribution is by no means certain. The authors of RPC (pp. 601-2) thought differently: “...the portraits might suggest that one should look for a mint further south in Cleopatra’s ‘Phoenician’ kingdom; an alternative explanation might be that they were made on the move by Antony, after wintering in Antioch 37/36.”

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425. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Antioch. Galba. AD 68-69. Æ Semis (24mm, 7.60 g, 12h). Laureate head right; pellet to left / Large S · C within linear circle; all within wreath consisting of eight sets of three leaves. McAlee 313(a) = RPC I 4315.6 = CNG 78, lot 1421 (same obv. die). Brown and green patina. Good VF. Very rare with the pellet on obverse. Strong portrait of Galba. ($300) Ex Leu 3 (27 October 2018), lot 190.

426 427 426. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Antioch. Philip I. AD 244-249. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 13.52 g, 6h). Struck AD 248249. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Eagle standing right, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; ANTIOXIA/S C in two lines in exergue. McAlee 934; Prieur 445; RPC VIII Online (unassigned; ID 28991). Dark brown surfaces, areas of smoothing. EF. ($200) 427. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Antioch. Trajan Decius. AD 249-251. BI Tetradrachm (27mm, 12.04  g, 12h). 4th officina. Struck AD 249-250. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; •••• below / eagle standing right on palm frond, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; S C in exergue. Prieur –; RPC IX 1615.1 = McAlee 1105(d)/2 (this coin). Toned, minor deposits. Choice EF. Extremely rare. ($750) Ex Michel Prieur Collection (Triton XXII, 8 January 2019), lot 625; Richard McAlee Collection.

Extremely Rare Double Portrait Tetradrachm

428. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Laodicea ad Mare. Septimius Severus, with Julia Domna. AD 193-211. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 11.34 g, 12h). Struck circa AD 205-207. AYT • KAI • CEOYHPOC • CE, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right of Septimius Severus / • MHTHP KACT ΔOMNAN CEB •, draped bust right of Julia Domna. Prieur 1113. Lightly toned, a couple light scratches. Good VF. Attractive. Extremely rare, only one cited by Prieur, and none in CoinArchives. ($5000) 120


Proclaimed by Claudian Edict

429. JUDAEA, Herodians. Agrippa I, with Herod of Chalcis and Claudius. 37-43 CE. Æ (24mm, 14.60 g, 6h). Caesarea Maritima mint. Dated RY 8 of Agrippa (43/4 CE). BAΣ AΓPIΠΠAΣ ΣEB KAIΣAP BAΣ HPΩΔHΣ (King Agrippa, Augustus Caesar, King Herod), Claudius, togate, standing left, sacrificing from patera over altar, between Agrippa I and Herod of Chalcis, each crowning the emperor with a wreath; [L H (date) in exergue] / [OPKIA BAΣ ME AΓPIΠ]ΠA ΠΡ ΣEΒ KA[IΣAP A K ΣYNKΛHTON], K ΔHMO PΩM ΦIΛI K ΣYNMAXI AYTOY (A vow and treaty of friendship and alliance between the Great King Agrippa and Augustus Caesar, the Senate and the People of Rome) in two concentric circles divided by wreath; clasped right hands in center. Burnett, Coinage 8; Hendin 1248; Meshorer 124a; RPC I 4982. Brown surfaces with traces of red and green, minor roughness, scratch on reverse. VF. Legends more visible than usual. Rare and of great historical importance. ($7500) Agrippa I had a close relationship with both Gaius (Caligula) and Claudius, in part helping to secure the rule of the latter in the uncertain days following his unexpected rise to the purple. Indeed, his relationship with Claudius was so close that Josephus (Ant. xix. 5.1) records that among the new emperor’s first acts was publishing an edict guaranteeing Agrippa’s kingdom (with the title “Great King”) and granting the territory of Chalcis to Agrippa’s elder brother Herod. This remarkable and rare issue not only explicitly refers to the alliance on the reverse, even using Agrippa’s new title “Great King,” but depicts the oath taking ceremony that occurred in the Roman Forum and is discussed in historical sources: He also made a league with this Agrippa, confirmed by oaths, in the middle of the Forum in the city of Rome. (Josephus, Ant. xix.5.1) He struck his treaties with foreign princes in the Forum, sacrificing a pig and reciting the ancient formula of the fetial priests. (Suetonius, Claud. 25.5) For the extremely rare counterpart issue of Herod of Chalcis with a similar obverse, albeit with the position of the brothers switched, see Meshorer 361.

430. JUDAEA, Ascalon. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ (29mm, 22.19 g, 12h). Dated CY 260 (AD 156/7). Laureate head right / Derketo holding dove and scepter, standing left on Triton holding cornucopia; ΞC (date) down right. RPC IV.3 Online 6377; Meshorer, City Coins 43 var. (date); Yashin 223 var. (same); SNG ANS 723 var. (same). Earthen green patina. Good VF. ($500) Ex Group CEM (Classical Numismatic Group 93, 22 May 2013), lot 1035.

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Extremely Rare ‘Zodiac Wheel’ – Finest Known

431. EGYPT, Alexandria. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Drachm (34.5mm, 24.71 g, 12h). Zodiac series. Dated RY 8 (AD 144/145). AYT K T AIΛ A∆P ANTωNINOC CЄB ЄYC, laureate head right / Zodiac wheel, with “Aries” at the top, around an inner circle with the conjoined busts left of Helios and Selene (with their typical attributes); not dated. Köln –; Dattari (Savio) 2983 var. (obv. bust type); K&G –; RPC IV.4 Online 16967; Emmett 1705.8 (R5). Attractive dark green surfaces with touches of red, hint of smoothing on obverse. EF. Extremely rare “Zodiac wheel” variety, none in CoinArchives, and the authors of RPC IV Online cite only one specimen, which appeared in the Leo Hamburger sale of 19 October 1925, as lot 992 (the Niklovitz collection). Our coin is certainly the finest known for this extremely rare variety, and overall one of the finest known Zodiac wheel types from Alexandria. ($20,000) The Great Sothic Cycle was a calendrical cycle based on the heliacal rising in July of the star Sirius (known to the Greeks as Sothis) and lasting approximately 1460 years. According to ancient Egyptian mythology, in a Golden Age, the beginning of the flooding of the Nile coincided exactly with the rising of Sirius, which was reckoned as the New Year. Only once every 1460 years did Sirius rise at exactly the same time. Thus, the coincidence of this along with the concurrent beginning of the flooding of the Nile gave the event major cosmological significance by heralding not just the beginning of a new year, but the beginning of a new eon. This event also was thought to herald the appearance of the phoenix, a mythological bird which was reborn every 500 to 1000 years out of its own ashes. According to one version of the myth, each new phoenix embalmed its old ashes in an egg of myrrh, which it then deposited in the Egyptian city of Heliopolis. So important was the advent of the new Great Sothic Cycle, both to the realignment of the heavens and its signaling of the annual flooding of the Nile, that the Egyptians celebrated it in a five-day festival, which emphasized the important cosmological significance. In the third year of the reign of Antoninus Pius (AD 139/40), a new Great Sothic Cycle began. To mark this event, the mint of Alexandria struck an extensive series of coinage, especially in large bronze drachms, each related in some astrological way to the reordering of the heavens during the advent of the new Great Sothic Cycle. This celebration would continue throughout Pius’ reign, with an immense output of coinage during the eighth year of his reign in Egypt, which included this coin type, part of the Zodiac series. The authors of RPC IV Online question the authenticity of the Hamburger specimen, but as the photo is most likely of a cast of the coin, typical of auction catalogues of that era, it makes it difficult to condemn the coin. Our specimen is undoubtedly genuine, so the type does exist.

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ROMAN REPUBLICAN COINAGE

432. Anonymous. Circa 225-214 BC. AR Didrachm – Quadrigatus (23mm, 6.65 g, 9h). Uncertain mint. Laureate head of Janus; slightly curved truncation / Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt with right hand and holding scepter in left, in quadriga right driven by Victory; rOÂa incuse on raised tablet in exergue. Crawford 28/3; Sydenham 64; RSC 23; HN Italy 334; RBW 65–6. Light iridescent toning, some minor marks and scratches. Good VF. Well centered on a broad flan. ($1000)

433. Anonymous. Circa 225-217 BC. Æ Aes Grave As (63mm, 284.5 g, 12h). Prow right, libral cast series. Rome mint. Head of bearded Janus; all on a raised disk / Prow of galley right; | (mark of value) above; all on a raised disk. Crawford 35/1; Sydenham 72; ICC 75; Thurlow-Vecchi 51a; HN Italy 337; RBW 84-5. Attractive dark green patina with touches of red, minor deposits. Good VF. ($3000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection.

434. Anonymous. Circa 225-217 BC. Æ Aes Grave As (63.5mm, 288.00 g, 12h). Prow right, libral cast series. Rome mint. Head of bearded Janus; – (mark of value) below; all on a raised disk / Prow of galley right; | (mark of value) above; all on a raised disk. Crawford 35/1; Sydenham 71; ICC 74; Thurlow-Vecchi 51; HN Italy 337; RBW 83. Dark green patina with touches of red, light deposits. VF. ($2000) 123


435. Anonymous. Circa 217-215 BC. Æ Semuncia (20mm, 7.20 g, 12h). Rome mint. Draped bust of Mercury right, wearing winged petasus / Prow of galley right. Crawford 38/7; Sydenham 87; RBW 100-2. Lovely emerald green patina, a few light scratches and metal flaws. Good VF. ($400)

436. Anonymous. 211-208 BC. AR Victoriatus (16.5mm, 3.07 g, 11h). Luceria L (second Crawford series). Luceria mint. Laureate head of Jupiter right, hair falling in three neat ringlets; all within bead and reel border / Victory standing right, placing wreath on trophy; L between. Crawford 97/1b; Sydenham 121; RSC 36e*; RBW 395. Sharply struck from dies of good style. In NGC encapsulation 4374460-020, graded MS. ($750)

437. L. Saufeius. 152 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.60 g, 8h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left / Victory driving galloping biga right, holding reins and whip. Crawford 204/1; Sydenham 384; Saufeia 1; RBW 874. Lightly toned, a few marks. EF. ($500)

438. C. Fabius C.f. Hadrianus. 102 BC. AR Denarius (21mm, 3.98 g, 12h). Rome mint. Turreted and veiled head of Cybele right / Victory driving galloping biga right, holding reins and goad; below horses, •L and stork standing right. Crawford 322/1b; Sydenham 590; Fabia 14; RBW 1177 var. (control letter on rev.). Light iridescent toning. EF. Struck on a broad flan. ($1000) Ex Nomisma 36 (26 March 2008), lot 90; Numismatica Ars Classica/Spink Taisei 51 (1 June 1994), lot 112; Numismatica Ars Classica 5 (25 February 1992), lot 287.

439. L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi. 90 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.94 g, 8h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right; mark of value to left; A below chin / Horseman galloping right, holding palm frond and reins; R/• above. Crawford 340/1; Sydenham 671; Calpurnia 11a; RBW 1263 var. (control letters). Lightly toned with faint iridescence, thin reverse die breaks. EF. Well centered with some luster. ($500) 124


The Social War

440. The Social War. Coinage of the Marsic Confederation. 90-88 BC. AR Denarius (22mm, 3.92 g, 8h). Bovianum(?) mint. Series 9b, 89 BC. Laureate head of Italia left, wearing single drop earring and pearl necklace; √iLETˆW (viteliú in Oscan) to right / Soldier standing facing, head right, foot on uncertain object, holding spear and sword; recumbent bull to right; c (= Oscan C) in exergue. Campana, Monetazione 124 (D85/R108); Sydenham 627; cf. RBW 1218. Deep iridescent toning, tiny metal flaws. EF. Fine style. Rare. ($4000) Ex Dr. Nicholas Lowe Collection (Roma Numismatics XVIII, 29 September 2019), lot 845; Numismatica Ars Classica 21 (17 May 2001), lot 184; Leu 59 (17 May 1994), lot 180. The revolt of Rome’s Italian allies (socii, hence ‘Social War’) broke out toward the close of the year 91 BC and was the culmination of longstanding grievances occasioned by the Senate’s inept handling of foreign relations. The Marsi were especially prominent in this movement, hence the name ‘Marsic Confederation,’ which is often applied to the rebel state. The main fighting was in the years 90-89 BC and the rebellion assumed alarming proportions when both consuls for 90 BC were defeated by rebel armies. Rome appeared to be in serious danger of defeat, but the movement collapsed as suddenly as it had begun. The victory was probably achieved largely through the political concession of granting Roman citizenship to the enemy. Thereafter, all of Italy south of the Po was united by this common bond. The coinage of the Marsic Confederation is of great interest, consisting principally of silver denarii, some of which bear the names of the rebel generals.

441. L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus. 89 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 4.07 g, 8h). Rome mint. Bareheaded and bearded head of King Tatius right / Abduction of the Sabine Women: two soldiers, facing each other, each carrying off a Sabine woman in his arms. Crawford 344/1a; Sydenham 698; Tituria 1; RBW –. Attractive old collection toning, reverse struck slightly off center. Good VF. ($500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex B. G. Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 477, 23 September 2020), lot 377; Peus 408 (7 November 2012), lot 1005 (hammer $1212).

442. Ti. Claudius Ti.f. Ap.n. Nero. 79 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (18mm, 3.92 g, 7h). Rome mint. Diademed and draped bust of Diana right; quiver and bow terminating in stag’s head over shoulder / Victory driving galloping biga right, holding wreath, reins, and palm frond; A • XXIII below. Crawford 383/1; Sydenham 770a; Claudia 6; RBW 1411 var. (control number). Lightly toned, minor deposits on the reverse. Near EF. Well centered. ($300) 125


443. L. Lucretius Trio. 74 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.83 g, 12h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Neptune right; XXXIIII above trident to left / Winged Genius riding dolphin right. Crawford 390/2; Sydenham 784; Lucretia 3; RBW 1425 var. (control number). Light iridescent toning, minor obverse die rust, some minor scratches. Good VF. Well struck and centered reverse. ($500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 477 (23 September 2020), lot 386.

444. C. Hosidius C.f. Geta. 64 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.85 g, 6h). Rome mint. Diademed and draped bust of Diana right, with bow and quiver over shoulder / Calydonian Boar standing right, pierced by spear and harried by hound below. Crawford 407/2; Sydenham 903; Hosidia 1; RBW 1456. Light iridescent toning with underlying luster, faint hairline scratches, small flaw on reverse. EF. ($750) Ex Dr. Nicholas Lowe Collection (Roma Numismatics XVIII, 29 September 2019), lot 883; Nomisma 18 (11 April 2001), lot 72.

445. L. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus. 62 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.93 g, 7h). Rome mint. Veiled and diademed head of Concordia right / Trophy; to left, three captives (King Perseus of Macedon and his two sons) standing right; to right, Paullus standing left. Crawford 415/1; Sydenham 926; Aemilia 10; RBW 1497. Lustrous, peripheral iridescent toning. In NGC encapsulation 4284624012, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($500) Ex Alan J. Harlan Collection (Triton XXII, 8 January 2019), lot 861; Michael J. Parris Collection (Coin Galleries, 18 April 2001), lot 302.

446. Q. Pomponius Musa. 56 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.68 g, 3h). Rome mint. Diademed head of Apollo right, wearing hair in ringlets / Hercules Musagetes, Conductor of the Muses, standing right, wearing lion skin and playing lyre; club to right. Crawford 410/1; Sydenham 810; Pomponia 8; RBW –. Toned, some light porosity, a few minor scratches on the obverse. Good VF. ($500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Jonathan P. Rosen Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 114, 13 May 2020), lot 593; JD Collection (Part III, Numismatica Ars Classica 78, 26 May 2014), lot 662.

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Clio – Muse of History

447. Q. Pomponius Musa. 56 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.85 g, 9h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right; volumen to left / Clio, the Muse of History, wearing long flowing tunic and peplum, standing left, holding and reading from an open scroll, resting left elbow on draped column; q • pOÂpONi downward to right, Â’uÍA downward to left. Crawford 410/3; Sydenham 813; Pomponia 11; RBW 1485. Attractive cabinet toning with traces of underlying luster, obverse struck slightly off center. EF. ($3000) Ex Triton IX (10 January 2006), lot 1299; William C. Boyd Collection (Baldwin’s 42, 26 September 2005), lot 152 (part of), purchased from Spink, 8 August 1896. Clio, the Muse of History, is depicted in most representations holding and reading from a scroll. She is one of nine Muses, all daughters of Zeus/Jupiter by the Titaness Mnemosyne. In her role as the proclaimer and glorifier of great deeds, she has become the symbol and namesake of many modern organizations, companies, and brands, including the Clio Awards for excellence in advertising.

448. Faustus Cornelius Sulla. 56 BC. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.92 g, 12h). Rome mint. Draped bust of Diana right, wearing diadem with crescent; lituus to left / Sulla seated left on raised seat; before him, Bocchus, king of Mauretania, kneels, offering an olive branch; behind, Jugurtha, king of Numidia, also kneeling, his hands tied behind him. Crawford 426/1; Sydenham 879; Cornelia 59; RBW 1525. Attractively toned with some iridescence, obverse struck slightly off center. Near EF. ($2000) Ex Künker 277 (21 June 2016), lot 90. Faustus was the son of Lucius Cornelius Sulla, the famous general and dictator of Rome (138-78 BC). The coin portrays Sulla’s first great victory, in which he ended the Jugurthine War. Jugurtha, grandson of Massinissa of Numidia, had claimed the entire kingdom of Numidia and divided it between several members of the royal family, in defiance of Roman decrees. Rome declared war on Jugurtha in 111 BC, but for five years the wily king frustrated all efforts to bring him to heel. Finally, in 106 the popular general Marius was assigned command, with Sulla as quaestor in charge of cavalry. Before Marius could take to the field against the enemy, however, Sulla arranged with his ally Bocchus of Mauretania to have Jugurtha ambushed and captured. Sulla was acclaimed for the bloodless end of the war, gaining his first victory and the eternal enmity of Marius.

449. A. Plautius. 55 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 4.06 g, 6h). Rome mint. Turreted head of Cybele right / Bacchius Judaeus (Aristobulus II, High Priest and King of Judaea) kneeling right, holding reins and offering up olive branch; behind, camel standing right. Crawford 431/1; Sydenham 932; Plautia 13; RBW 1540. Hint of iridescent toning. EF. Exceptional reverse. ($750) The enigmatic “Bacchius the Jew” depicted in supplication on the reverse has been plausibly identified by Michael Harlan as the Judaean high priest Aristobulus II, who was deposed by Pompey the Great after his siege of Jerusalem in 63 BC. Aristobulus was taken captive and later marched through the streets of Rome in Pompey’s triumph. In 57 BC, he escaped captivity and returned to Judaea, where he led a failed insurrection against Pompey’s choice for high priest, Hyrcanus. Captured again by Pompey’s general Gabinius, Aristobulus was shipped back to Rome in chains in 56 BC. The moneyer, Aulus Plautius, is known to have been a partisan of Pompey’s and was elected Curule Aedile in 55 BC; his choice of coin types suggests he served under Pompey in the eastern campaign. As Harlan points out, Aristobulus was surely the most famous Jew in Rome at the time of this coin’s issue and the most likely candidate for the kneeling figure on the reverse.

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450. Q. Servilius Caepio (M. Junius) Brutus. 54 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 4.00 g, 6h). Rome mint. Bare head of L. Junius Brutus right / Bare head of C. Servilius Ahala right. Crawford 433/2; Sydenham 907; Junia 30; RBW 1543. Attractive cabinet toning, a few scratches beneath tone, weakly struck in areas. VF. ($500) From the Lampasas Collection, purchased from Nilus Coins; Ex Glendining & Co. (2 February 1977), lot 10.

Portrait of Sulla

451. Q. Pompeius Rufus. 54 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 4.04 g, 5h). Rome mint. Bare head of the consul Q. Pompeius Rufus right / Bare head of Sulla right. Crawford 434/1; Sydenham 908; Pompeia 4; RBW 1544. A hint of toning with underlying luster, reverse a tad off center, but with a complete portrait. In NGC encapsulation 4373481-007, graded Ch AU, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. ($1000) This coin issue bears the only portrait of the dictator Sulla. The moneyer was the grandson of Sulla and his home would likely have had portraits of their famous ancestor. Thus, although posthumously struck, the portrait on these coins is probably an accurate representation.

452. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. Q. Sicinius. Early 49 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.80 g, 4h). Rome mint. Diademed head of Fortuna Populi Romani right / Palm frond and winged caduceus, bound with fillet, in saltire; wreath with fillet above. Crawford 440/1; CRI 1; Sydenham 938; Sicinia 5; RBW 1555. A hint of light iridescent toning, reverse struck slightly off center with some light verdigris. EF. Issued to honor the victories of Pompey over pirates. ($500)

453. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. Man. Acilius Glabrio. 49 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.88 g, 9h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Salus right / Valetudo (Salus) standing left, holding serpent in right hand and resting left arm on column to right. Crawford 442/1a; CRI 16; Sydenham 922; Acilia 8; RBW 1556. Attractive iridescent toning. Near EF. ($500) 128


454. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. L. Hostilius Saserna. 48 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.73 g, 7h). Rome mint. Diademed female head (Pietas or Clementia?) right, wearing oak wreath / Victory advancing right, holding winged caduceus and trophy. Crawford 448/1a; CRI 17; Sydenham 951; Hostilia 5; RBW 1567. Toned with some iridescence, minor metal flaws. Near EF. ($300) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 449 (31 July 2019), lot 497.

455. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. Lollius Palicanus. 45 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.83 g, 10h). Rome mint. Diademed head of Libertas right / View of Rostra in the Roman Forum, ornamented with ships’ beaks and surmounted by subsellium (tribune’s bench). Crawford 473/1; CRI 86; Sydenham 960; Lollia 2; RBW 1652. Attractive cabinet toning with some iridescence, a few marks, hairline flan crack. Good VF. ($750) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Stein A. Evensen Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 477, 23 September 2020), lot 399; Professor T. V. Buttrey Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 319, 29 January 2014), lot 355.

456. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. L. Mussidius Longus. 42 BC. AR Denarius (15.5mm, 3.90 g, 4h). Rome mint. Radiate and draped bust of Sol facing slightly right / Shrine of Venus Cloacina: Circular platform surmounted by two statues of the goddess, each resting right hand on cippus, the platform inscribed [C]LOACiN and ornamented with trellis-pattern balustrade, flight of steps and portico on left. Crawford 494/43a; CRI 189; Sydenham 1094; Mussidia 7; RBW 1747. Lightly toned with some iridescence. In NGC encapsulation 5769053-004, graded AU, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 5/5. ($750)

457. The Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 42-38 BC. AR Denarius (20.5mm, 3.57 g, 3h). Massilia (Marseilles) mint; Q. Nasidius, commander of the fleet. Bare head of Pompey the Great right; trident to right; below, dolphin right; NepTuNi to left / Galley with bank of rowers right, under full sail, helmsman steering rudder, hortator standing on prow; star to upper left; œ • NAÍiDiuÍ below. Crawford 483/2; CRI 235; Sydenham 1350; RSC 20 (Pompey the Great); RBW 1698. Toned, obverse struck slightly off center from a worn die, a few light scratches. Near EF. A spectacular galley reverse. ($2500) 129


458. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Late spring-early summer 48 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.79 g, 4h). Military mint traveling with Caesar. Diademed female head (Clementia?) right, wearing oak wreath; %ii (= 52, Caesar’s age) to left / Gallic trophy, holding oval shield and carnyx; securis surmounted by wolf’s head to right. Crawford 452/2; CRI 11; Sydenham 1009; RSC 18; DCA 937; RBW –. Beautiful iridescent toning, a couple light marks on cheek, reverse struck slightly off center. EF. ($750)

Extremely Rare Hybrid – Fifth Known?

459. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Late spring-early summer 48 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.69 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Caesar, probably commencing after the battle of Pharsalus, 9 August 48 BC. Diademed female head (Clementia?) right, wearing oak wreath, cruciform earring, necklace, hair collected into a knot behind, and falling in locks down her neck; %ii (= 52, Caesar’s age) to left / Trophy of Gallic arms, wearing horned helmet, holding oval shield ornamented with thunderbolt in right hand and carnyx in left; securis to right, CAe ÍAr across lower field. Crawford 452/4-5/452/2 (for obv./rev. type); CRI 12-13/11 (for obv./rev. type); Sydenham 1010-1/1009 (for obv./rev. type); cf. RBW 1581-2 (for obv. type). Lightly toned, a few light marks and scratches. VF. Knot of hair is not jeweled. An extremely rare hybrid denarius, probably the fifth known specimen. The rarest of the Julius Caesar denarii. ($2000) This coin is an extremely interesting hybrid of the Crawford 452/4-5 obverse and the 452/2 reverse. As noted in Numismatica Ars Classica 80, 20 October 2014, lot 48: “Not only is the style of Crawford 452/4-5 more delicate and refined than the 452/2 coin (obverse), but more importantly the design of the hair in the chignons [is] completely different. In Crawford 452/4-5, the hair appears to be designed as curls simply tied in a bun, whilst in 452/2 the hair seems to be held [and] covered by a veil; these particular characteristics are only found on obverses of Crawford 452/4 and 5 and never on the ones of 452/2.”

460. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Late 48-47 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.90 g, 6h). Military mint traveling with Caesar in North Africa. Diademed head of Venus right / Aeneas advancing left, holding palladium and bearing Anchises on his shoulder. Crawford 458/1; CRI 55; Sydenham 1013; RSC 12; RBW 1600. Lightly toned, faint hairlines on the obverse. Good VF. ($750)

461. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Early 46 BC. AV Aureus (20.5mm, 8.14 g, 2h). Rome mint; A. Hirtius, praetor. Veiled female head (Vesta or Pietas?) right; C • CAeÍAr COÍ • Ter around / Emblems of the augurate and pontificate: lituus, capis, and securis; A hirTiuÍ pr around from lower left. Crawford 466/1; Molinari 269-72 (D32/R229); CRI 56; Calicó 37; Sydenham 1018; RBW 1634. A few light marks and scratches, small scrape on portrait, edge bump. Good VF. ($5000) 130


462. The Caesarians. Divus Julius Caesar. 40 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.85 g, 11h). Rome mint; Q. Voconius Vitulus, moneyer. Wreathed head of Caesar right; lituus to left; Diui • iuLi downward to right / Bull-calf walking left; œ • uOCONiuÍ above, uiTuLuÍ in exergue. Crawford 526/2; CRI 329; Sydenham 1132; RSC 46; RBW –. Attractive cabinet toning, small test cut on the edge. EF. Excellent portrait. ($7500) Ex Matthew Rich Collection (Triton XXI, 9 January 2018), lot 670; Spink Australia 15 (27 March 1985), lot 962; Spink Australia (19 November 1981), lot 1569; Patrick A. Doheny Collection (Sotheby’s, 20 June 1979), lot 181.

463. The Republicans. C. Cassius Longinus. Spring 42 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.99 g, 6h). Military mint, probably at Smyrna; P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther, legatus. Diademed head of Libertas right / Capis and lituus. Crawford 500/3; CRI 221; Sydenham 1307; RSC 4a; RBW 1762. Iridescent tone, a bit of obverse roughness/porosity. Good VF. ($750) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Benito Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 468, 20 May 2020), lot 326.

464. The Republicans. Brutus. Spring-early summer 42 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.62 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Brutus in southwestern Asia Minor; L Sestius, proquaestor. Veiled and draped bust of Libertas right / Tripod; securis to left, simpulum to right. Crawford 502/2; CRI 201; Sydenham 1290; RSC 11; RBW 1768. Deeply toned, areas of find patina. Good VF. ($500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 453 (2 October 2019), lot 484.

465. The Republicans. Cn. Domitius L.f. Ahenobarbus. 41-40 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.87 g, 1h). Uncertain mint in the region of the Adriatic or Ionian Sea. Bare head of Ahenobarbus right, wearing short beard / Prow right surmounted by a military trophy. Crawford 519/2; CRI 339; Sydenham 1177; Domitia 21; RBW 1803. Toned, areas of find patina, scratches, banker’s mark(or metal flaw) on the reverse. VF. Unusually fine style portrait for the issue. ($1500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex B.G. Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 114, 13 May 2020), lot 667; Gorny & Mosch 219 (10 March 2014), lot 352; Elsen 86 (10 December 2005), lot 230.

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Spectacular Portraits

466. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Lucius Antony. Summer 41 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 4.02 g, 2h). Ephesus mint; M. Cocceius Nerva, proquaestor pro praetore. Bare head of Mark Antony right;  ANT • ifég iii uir • r • p • C  “ruA • prOœ • p around / Bare head of Lucius Antony right; L • ANTONiuÍ COÍ around. Crawford 517/5a; CRI 246; Sydenham 1185; RSC 2; RBW 1799. Attractive iridescent toning. Choice EF. Well struck with spectacular portraits. ($10,000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 23 (19 March 2002), lot 1438; Leu 72 (12 May 1998), lot 401. After finalizing the arrangements of the second triumvirate, Mark Antony proceeded to Ephesus, where he issued a series of coins commemorating the second triumvirate and the consulship of his younger brother, Lucius Antony, in 41 BC. M. Cocceius Nerva, a lieutenant of Mark Antony, was responsible for issuing the latter series. Lucius had risen through various offices on the coattails of his brother. As consul, he took an overtly hostile stance against the unpopular Octavian, goaded by his brother’s fiery wife, Fulvia. The war of words quickly erupted into open conflict, and Lucius Antony, with his brother’s tacit approval, began raising an army against Octavian. The young triumvir, however, recalled his friend Agrippa from Spain with several veteran legions, which besieged Lucius in the town of Perusia. Fulvia, who had raised her own soldiers at Praeneste, was unable to relieve the siege and the rebellion collapsed in February of 40 BC. Mark Antony washed his hands of the fiasco and hung his wife and brother out to dry. Octavian initially acted humanely toward the disgraced Antonians, even appointing Lucius to a magistracy in Spain. But both Lucius and Fulvia conveniently died later in 40 BC, supposedly of natural causes.

467. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Autumn 32-spring 31 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.79 g, 6h). Legionary issue. Patrae(?) mint. Praetorian galley right / Aquila between two signa; LEG III across lower field. Crawford 544/15; CRI 350; Sydenham 1217; RSC 28; RBW 1839. Lightly toned with minor surface granularity. EF. Well centered and struck on a broad flan. An exceptional specimen. ($2000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 99 (13 May 2015), lot 570 (at $3250 hammer).

468. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Autumn 32-spring 31 BC. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.69 g, 6h). Legionary issue. Patrae(?) mint. Praetorian galley right / Aquila between two signa; LEG IV across lower field. Crawford 544/17; CRI 352; Sydenham 1219; RSC 30; RBW –. Light iridescent toning. Superb EF. ($2000) Ex Professor David R. Beatty Collection (Triton XXIII, 14 January 2020), lot 627; Roma XIV (21 September 2017), lot 594.

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469. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Autumn 32-spring 31 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.66 g, 7h). Legionary issue. Patrae(?) mint. Praetorian galley right / Aquila between two signa; LEG XIX across lower field. Crawford 544/35; CRI 378; Sydenham 1242; RSC 55; RBW 1847. Attractively toned with some iridescence, obverse struck slightly off center, a few light scratches, obverse banker’s mark. EF. ($1000)

470. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Autumn 32-spring 31 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.71 g, 6h). Legionary issue. Patrae(?) mint. Praetorian galley right / Aquila between two signa; LEG XXIII across lower field. Crawford 544/39; CRI 383; Sydenham 1246; RSC 60; RBW –. Toned with some iridescence, obverse struck off center, a few light scratches. Good VF. Rare legion. ($1000) Ex Leo Benz Collection (Lanz 88, 23 November 1998), lot 878. Legio XXIII is the highest numbered legion in Mark Antony’s legionary series. It seems to have had no further history after the Actium campaign and was likely disbanded by Octavian, with its members either mustered out or entered into other legions.

471. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Autumn 32-spring 31 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.64 g, 6h). Legionary issue. Patrae(?) mint. Praetorian galley right / Three signa decorated with wreaths and rostra; ChOrTiÍ • ÍpeCuLATOru around above. Crawford 544/12; CRI 386; RSC 6; Sydenham 1214; RBW 1837. Toned. Good VF. Rare with a complete legend. ($1500) Ex Leo Benz Collection (Lanz 88, 23 November 1998), lot 853. Serving as scouts and messengers, the cohortes speculatorum filled the role of spies within each legion. Normally ten in number per legion, Mark Antony created a special group of cohortes who specifically served around him, carrying out personal instructions and protecting his well-being, essentially acting as an early secret service–a concept that was further developed during the empire under Augustus.

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472. The Triumvirs. Octavian. April-July 43 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.74 g, 6h). Military mint traveling with Octavian in Cisalpine Gaul. Bare head right / Equestrian statue of Octavian left, his right hand raised. Crawford 490/1; CRI 131; Sydenham 1318; RSC 246 (Augustus); RBW –. Attractively toned with some iridescence, struck off center, clashed reverse die. EF. In an exceptional state of preservation for the issue. ($1500) Ex Andrew McCabe Collection, purchased from Roma Numismatics, Ltd., 2010. Struck after Octavian lifted the siege of Mutina. This equestrian statue was awarded to him, under force, by the Roman senate. It reportedly was erected at one of the Roman gates to be seen by all who entered the city. This is the first appearance of the portrait of Octavian on a coin.

473. The Triumvirs. Octavian. Autumn 32-summer 31 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.58 g, 9h). Italian (Rome?) mint. Diademed head of Venus right, wearing necklace / Octavian advancing left, extending arm and holding spear. CRI 397; RIC I 251 (Augustus); RSC 70 (Augustus). Iridescent cabinet toning, struck slightly off center, a few marks and scratches beneath the toning. Choice EF. An attractive coin with a beautifully detailed bust. ($3000)

474. The Triumvirs. Octavian. Autumn 32-summer 31 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 4.06 g, 10h). Uncertain Italian mint, possibly Rome. Diademed head of Pax right; cornucopia to left, olive branch to right / Octavian, in military attire, walking right, holding transverse spear in left hand over left shoulder, and raising right hand in adlocutio. CRI 400; RIC I 253; RSC 72. Hint of iridescent toning over lustrous surfaces, slightly off center on obverse. EF. ($2000) Ex Roma XIII (23 March 2017), lot 708.

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ROMAN IMPERIAL COINAGE

475. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (20.5mm, 3.85 g, 6h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Caesaraugusta?). Struck 19-18 BC. Head left, wearing oak wreath / CAESAR above, AVGVSTVS below, two laurel branches (or trees) upright. RIC I 33b; RSC 48; BMCRE 318-20 = BMCRR Gaul 144-6; BN 1285-6. Attractive light golden tone. Superb EF. Spectacular portrait. ($3000) Ex Alan J. Harlan Collection; Gasvoda Collection (Part II, Numismatica Ars Classica 94, 6 October 2016), lot 55, purchased from Ed Waddell.

476. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.75 g, 6h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Patricia?). Struck circa 19 BC. Bare head right / Temple of Jupiter Tonans: hexastyle temple set on podium of three steps; Jupiter standing left within, holding thunderbolt and scepter. Cf. RIC I 63a (aureus); RSC 179. Toned. Good VF. ($750) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Deyo Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 90, 23 May 2012), 1419; Ex Classical Numismatic Auctions VIII (27 September 1989), lot 384.

Shield of Virtue, Civic Crown

477. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.83 g, 6h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Patricia?). Struck 1918 BC. Bare head right / OB CIVIS above, SERVATOS below, round shield inscribed S • P • Q • R/ CL • V in two lines within oak wreath. RIC I 79a; RSC 215. Lustrous, some faint hairlines on obverse. EF. ($2000) Ex Heritage 3030 (5 January 2014), lot 23919. The reverse of this attractive denarius depicts both the Clippus Virtutis, or “shield of Valor,” and the Corona Civica, or “Civic Crown,” both voted by the Senate to honor Augustus as the savior of the state.

478. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.82 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck 15 BC. Bare head right / IMP • X in exergue, bull butting right, left forefoot raised, lashing his tail. RIC I 167a; Lyon 19; RSC 137. Toned, obverse slightly off center. EF. ($1000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Deyo Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 90, 23 May 2012), lot 1422; Vecchi 4 (5 December 1996), lot 30.

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479. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.76 g, 2h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck 2 BC-AD 12. Laureate head right / Caius and Lucius Caesars standing facing, two shields and two spears between them; above, on left, simpulum right, and on right, lituus left. RIC I 207; Lyon 82; RSC 43. Lightly toned, minor die rust and small die break on obverse, faint hairlines. Good VF. ($300)

480. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.72 g, 7h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 13-14. Laureate head right / Tiberius, standing right, driving triumphal quadriga, holding eagle tipped scepter, laurel branch, and reins; two horses facing right and two left. RIC I 224; Lyon 92; RSC 301. Handsome iridescent tone, a few light scrapes. EF. Rare. ($1500) Ex Prof. David R. Beatty Collection; Triton II (1 December 1998), lot 753.

481

482

481. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.98 g, 9h). Rome mint; P. Petronius Turpilianus, moneyer. Struck 19/8 BC. Draped bust of Feronia right, wearing pearl necklace and stephane, above which is a row of berries / Bareheaded Parthian kneeling on right knee right, extending in right hand a signum, to which is attached a vexillum marked with X, and holding out left hand below left knee. RIC I 288; RSC 484. Attractive iridescent tone, a few marks on obverse, banker’s mark on reverse. Good VF. ($750) 482. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.73 g, 1h). Rome mint; C. Antistius Reginus, moneyer. Struck 13 BC. Bare head right / Sacrificial implements: simpulum and lituus above tripod and patera. RIC I 410; RSC 347. Toned, smoothing marks under tone. Near EF. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Freeman & Sear, 16 September 2006.

483. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Cistophorus (25mm, 11.45 g, 12h). Pergamum mint. Struck 27-26 BC. IMP • CAESAR, bare head left; lituus to left / AVGV STVS across field, six stalks of grain tied in a bundle. RIC I 491; Sutherland Group IIIγ, – (O6/R– [unlisted rev. die]); RPC I 2206; RSC 32c; BMCRE 700 = BMCRR East 288; cf. BN 952. Light roughness and marks, flan flaw and slight die shift on reverse. VF. Very rare wiht head left, seven examples cited in RPC, only three in CoinArchives. ($1000) 136


484. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Cistophorus (27mm, 11.71 g, 12h). Pergamum mint. Struck 19-18 BC. Bare head right / Triumphal Arch of Augustus, surmounted by charioteer in facing quadriga; an aquila before each side wall; IMP • IX • TR • POT • V • on entablature. RIC I 510; Sutherland Group VIIα (unlisted dies); RPC I 2218; RSC 298. Toned, small patches of find patina, some scratches. VF. ($1000)

485. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Cistophorus (28mm, 11.79 g, 12h). Ephesus mint. Struck circa 25-20 BC. IMP • CAE SAR, bare head right / AVGVSTVS, altar hung with wreaths and garlanded; on front are two hinds standing right and left facing one another; all within linear border. RIC I 482; Sutherland Group VIγ (unlisted dies); RPC I 2215; RSC 33; BMCRE 694-5 = BMCRR East 262-3; BN 922-6. EF. ($3000)

486. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Cistophorus (29mm, 10.29 g, 5h). Restitution issue. Unidentified Mint C in Asia Minor. Struck under Hadrian, after AD 128. Bare head right of Augustus / Hadrian, bareheaded and togate, standing left, holding grain ears in right hand. RIC II 532; Metcalf, Cistophori, Type 92, 342 (O14/R16); RSC 1 (Hadrian and Augustus); RPC III 1441. Toned. In NGC encapsulation 4883998-009, graded VF, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. ($1000) Ex Morris (Phil Peck) Collection (Part IV, Heritage 61160, 10 May 2020), lot 97199.

487. Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ Sestertius (32.5mm, 25.08 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 36-37. Shield inscribed OB/CIVIS/SER in three lines within oak wreath, the whole supported by two capricorns; globe below / Legend around large S C. RIC I 69 (Tiberius). Dark green, red, and tan patina. In NGC encapsulation 4883959-003, graded Ch VF, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. ($500) Ex Morris (Phil Peck) Collection (Part IV, Heritage 61160, 10 May 2020), lot 97201.

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488. Tiberius, with Divus Augustus. AD 14-37. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.58 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 14-16. TI CΛESΛR DIVI ΛVG F ΛVGVSTVS, laureate head of Tiberius right / DIVOS ΛVGVST DIVI F, laureate head of Divus Augustus right; six-pointed star above. RIC I 24; Lyon 118/2 (D–/R1 [unlisted obverse die]); Calicó 311; BMCRE 29; BN 1-2; Adda 16; Biaggi 167; Jameson 32 (same rev. die); Mazzini 3 (Tiberius and Augustus). Light edge and surface marks, slight wave to flan. Near EF. Rare. ($15,000) Ex Provence Collection.

489. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.83 g, 6h). “Tribute Penny” type. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Group 3, AD 18. TI CΛESΛR DIVI ΛVG F ΛVGVSTVS, laureate head right; one ribbon on shoulder / PONTIF MΛXIM, Livia (as Pax) seated right on chair, holding inverted spear in right hand, olive branch in left; ornate chair legs (simplified), triple line below. RIC I 27; Lyon 147; Calicó 305a; BMCRE 39-41 var. (ornate chair legs, not simplified); BN 20; cf. Biaggi 168; cf. Jameson 31 (earlier issue); Mazzini 15* var. (same). Near EF. ($5000)

490. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.72 g, 10h). “Tribute Penny” type. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Group 6, AD 36-37. TI CΛESΛR DIVI ΛVG F ΛVGVSTVS, laureate head right; long, parallel ribbons / PONTIF MΛXIM, Livia (as Pax) seated right on chair, feet on footstool, holding scepter in right hand and olive branch in left; ornate chair legs, single line below. RIC I 29; Lyon 153; Calicó 305c; BMCRE 47; BN 26-7 var. (one ribbon on shoulder); Adda 14; Biaggi 170; Mazzini 15** var. (same). Underlying luster. Near EF. ($5000)

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491. Nero Claudius Drusus. Died 9 BC. Æ Sestertius (35mm, 27.92 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Claudius, AD 4243. Bare head left / Claudius seated left on curule chair, holding branch and resting hand on lap; around the chair are scattered arms (spears, shields, cuirass, and helmet). RIC I 109 (Claudius); von Kaenel Type 72 (unlisted dies). Red-brown and green patina. EF. ($1500) Ex Bertolami Fine Arts 24 (22 June 2016), lot 625.

492. Gaius (Caligula), with Agrippina Senior. AD 37-41. AR Denarius (20.5mm, 3.81 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. 2nd emission, 2nd phase, late AD 37-early 38. C • CΛESΛR • ΛVG • GERM • P • M • TR • POT, laureate head of Gaius (Caligula) right / AGRIPPINA • MAT • C • CAES • AVG • GERM, draped bust of Agrippina right. RIC I 14 (Rome mint); Lyon 170 (unlisted dies); RSC 2; BMCRE 15; BN 24-6. Old cabinet tone, light marks. Good VF. Well centered on a broad flan with an excellent portrait of Caligula. ($7500) Ex Stack’s Bowers Galleries (9 January 2015), lot 228 (hammer $11,000).

493 494 493. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. Æ As (30mm, 11.10 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 37-38. Bare head left / Vesta seated left on ornamental throne, holding patera and scepter. RIC I 38. Brown-green patina, smoothed. EF. Bold portrait. ($1500) Ex PML Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 106, 9 May 2018), lot 886; Numismatica Ars Classica 78 (26 May 2014), lot 844.

494. Claudius. AD 41-54. Æ As (28mm, 10.20 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 42-43. Bare head left / Libertas standing right, holding pileus in right hand and extending left hand. RIC I 113; von Kaenel Type 77; BMCRE 202-5; BN 230-2. Glossy green and red-brown patina, light smoothing. EF. ($750) Ex Jack A. Frazer Collection; CNG Inventory 730919 (April 2002).

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495. Claudius. AD 41-54. AR Cistophorus (25.5mm, 11.17 g, 6h). Ephesus mint. Struck AD 41-42. TI CLAVD CAES • AVG, bare head left / COM ASI across field, distyle temple of Roma and Augustus, enclosing standing facing figures of Claudius, holding spear in right hand, being crowned by Fortuna, holding wreath in right hand and cornucopia in left; ROM ET AVG on entablature. RIC I 120 (Pergamum); RPC I 2221; RSC 3; BMCRE 228; BN 304-6 (Pergamum). Toned. Good VF. ($3000)

496 497 496. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Sestertius (35mm, 27.02 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck circa AD 65. NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head right, globe at point of neck / ROMA in exergue, S C across field, Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory in outstretched right hand and resting left hand on parazonium; shields around. RIC I 442; WCN 421; Lyon 112; BMCRE 324-5; BN 76. Green patina, traces of deposits. Good VF. ($3000) 497. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Sestertius (35mm, 23.98 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck circa AD 66. Laureate head left, globe at point of neck / Nero on horseback riding right, holding spear; behind him, soldier on horseback riding right, holding vexillum. RIC I 508; WCN 448; Lyon 187. Dark green patina, earthen deposits, a hint of smoothing. Good VF. Reverse struck in high relief. ($2000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 94 (18 September 2013), lot 1146; Classical Numismatic Group 90 (23 May 2012), lot 1467; Numismatica Ars Classica N (26 June 2003), lot 1788.

498. Nero. AD 54-68. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.36 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 64-65. Laureate head right / Jupiter seated left on throne, holding thunderbolt and scepter. RIC I 53; RSC 119. Minor marks and light roughness. Good VF. ($1000)

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499. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Sestertius (35.5mm, 27.87 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 64. NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head left / S C across field, DECVRSIO in exergue, Nero, bareheaded, wearing cuirass, short tunic, and cloak floating behind him, on horse prancing left, carrying spear in rest in right hand; behind him, a soldier also on horseback left, carrying a vexillum in right hand, sloped over right shoulder. RIC I 166; WCN 115; BMCRE 152-3; BN –. EF, attractive brown and green patina. Fine style. ($3000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 72 (16 May 2013), lot 611 (hammer CHF 10,000). Various theories have been proposed as to why some of Nero’s late portraits show him sporting a scruffy “chin beard,” as seen on this sestertius. Some have seen it as a nod to Hellenism, while others view it as a feeble attempt to hide his growing weight. The most likely explanation is that this is Nero’s “beard of mourning” for the death of his daughter, Claudia Augusta, in mid-AD 63.

500. Nero. AD 54-68. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.44 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 65-66. Laureate head right / Salus seated left on ornamented throne, holding patera and resting hand at side. RIC I 60; RSC 314. Toned, hairline flan crack. VF. ($750) Ex San Vicente Collection.

From the Hunt Collection

501. Civil War. AD 68-69. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.60 g, 7h). Uncertain mint in Southern Gaul. Group IV, AD 69. I O M CAPITOLINVS, bust of Jupiter, showing bare chest and left shoulder with mantle, head diademed, bearded left; to left, palm frond / VESTA P R QVIRITIVM, Vesta, veiled and draped, seated left on throne, holding patera in right hand and torch in left. RIC I 125a; AM 96; RSC 432; BMCRE 72; BN 78-9. Superb old cabinet tone. Good VF. Very rare. ($4000) Ex Nelson Bunker Hunt Collection (Part IV, Sotheby’s, 19 June 1991), lot 707; Dr. E. P. Nicolas Collection (Kampmann, 9 March 1982), lot 214.

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502. Galba. AD 68-69. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.24 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa July AD 68 to January 69. Laureate and draped bust right / Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm frond. RIC I 217; RSC 328. Toned, light scratches and marks. Good VF. ($300) Ex Vinchon 58 (6 November 2018), lot 233.

503. Otho. AD 69. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.09 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck 15 January-8 March. IMP OTHO CAESAR ΛVG TR P, bare head right / SECVR I TAS P R, Securitas, draped, standing left, holding wreath in right hand and scepter in left. RIC I 9; Muona Group 2, Type 9A, Portrait Type D; Calicó 529; cf. BMCRE p. 366, note †; BN 9; Adda 43; Biaggi 273; Mazzini 14. Edge bump on reverse. Good Fine. Rare. ($5000) Ex Vinchon (31 May 2017), lot 164.

504. Vitellius. AD 69. Æ Sestertius (35.5mm, 26.32 g, 6h). Rome mint. A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG P M TR P, laureate head right / M[ARS] VICTOR, S C across field, Mars, helmeted and in military dress, parazonium at left side, advancing left, holding Victory in outstretched right hand and trophy in left over left shoulder. RIC I 167; BMCRE p. 376, note †; BN 121. Glossy dark brown patina, scratches, some smoothing, roughness, a few minor edge marks. VF. Rare. ($3000) Ex Robert O. Ebert Collection (Part II, Stack’s Bowers and Ponterio 174, 12 January 2013), lot 6103.

Bronze Die for Coining Reverse of Vespasian Denarius

505. Æ Reverse Denarius Die (23mm, 12.85 g). Used to strike Vespasian AR Denarii, AD 71-73. AVGVR above, TRI POT below, augural and pontifical emblems: simpulum, aspergillum, guttus, and lituus. Cf. RIC II.1 43, 356, 698, 1553; cf. RSC 43, 45. Dark green-brown patina, some blue-green, minor roughness. About as made. Rare and interesting. ($500) 142


Very Rare Depiction of Pax Rome Celebrates Judaean Victory

506. Vespasian. AD 69-79. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 27.03 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 71. Laureate head right / Pax standing right, holding branch with left hand, and with torch in right, she sets fire to a pile of arms on ground; to left, statue of Minerva on tall column; to right, garlanded and lighted altar. RIC II.1 179 (R2). Green-brown surfaces, some roughness. VF. Very rare, only one in CoinArchives (Triton XX, lot 688). ($1500) This most unorthodox representation of Pax belongs to the large and important series of aes issued in AD 71, the year that witnessed the joint triumph of Vespasian and Titus through the streets of Rome in celebration of their victory in Judaea. At this time, the Roman Empire had experienced five straight years of warfare, which had devastated the economy and threatened the very foundations of the empire. The goddess of peace here holds a flaming torch with which she sets fire to a heap of arms, the spoils of Rome’s defeated enemies. This symbolic act was carried out in fulfillment of a vow undertaken to Rome’s principal deities of war, Mars and Minerva. A statue of the latter appears atop a column accompanying the scene of celebration. The hope was that with the cessation of hostilities, the Roman people could now enjoy a period of tranquility under Flavian rule.

507. Vespasian. AD 69-79. Æ Sestertius (31.5mm, 23.56 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 71. Laureate head right / Roma standing left, holding Victory and spear. RIC II.1 190. Attractive dark green surfaces, some brown, traces of earthen deposits. Near VF. ($300) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.12269 (Classical Numismatic Group 96, 14 May 2014), lot 765.

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508. Vespasian. AD 69-79. Æ Military Diploma (single tablet 193 x 153mm). Dated 9 April AD 79. Complete (with some repair) and engraved Tabula II of a single diploma containing name of recipient and signatories. INTERIOR OF THE TABLET: | • | NOMINA SVBSCRIPT A SVNT IPSIS LIBERIS | • |/ POSTERIS QVE EORVM | • | CIVITATEM DEDIT ET CO / NVBIVM CVM VXORIBVS QVAS (NV)NC HABVIS/ SENT CVM EST CIVITAS IL(li)S DATA AVT SIQVI CAELI / BES ESSENT QVAS POSTEA DUXISSENT / DVMTAXAT SIGVLISINGVLAS (sic) A D V ID APR / P CALVISIO RVSONE L IVNIO CAESENNIO PAETO COS / ALAE GALIORVM ET THRACVM CONSTANTIN[V]M (sic) / CVI PRAEST / M VERCELLIVS M F VOL(tina tribu) FLAVVS / GREGALI / BARHAHADO BACCHI F GERMANI / DESCRIPTVM ET RECOGNITVM EX TABVLA AENEA / QVAE FIXA EST ROMAE | • | IN CAPITOLIO TRANSLATION OF THE INTERIOR OF THE TABLET: The names are inscribed below for themselves, their future children, citizenship has been granted, and the rights of conubium with the wives they now possess when citizenshp was granted to them, or those (now) single when they do marry – naturally one man to one wife. (Dated) the fifth day before the Ides of April while P. Calvisius Ruso and L. Iunius Caesennius Paetus were consuls (9 April AD 79). Ala Galiorum et Th [...] Constantinum(sic) – under the command of M. Vercellius M. F. Flavus of the Voltinian tribe. For the regular soldier Barhadadus, the son of Bacchus [Germanis]. A transcribed copy from the bronze tablet which has been affixed at Rome on the Capitol. EXTERIOR OF THE TABLET: C IVLI SAMPSI |•| SAMPSI GERAM[I] REGIS F/SAMP[S]I GERAMI C NYMPHIDI | | LVPI I[…]P L PVLLI | | IANVARI AER T FLAVI | | MACRINI D FABRICI| | PLACIDI ·7· (centurion) LEG III/GAL C · DISI| | SALVIANI D ATINI |•| RVFI AE R TRANSLATION OF THE EXTERIOR OF THE TABLET: (Seal of) C. Iulius Sampsi |•| Geramus, son of Sampsi Geramus Rex (sic) (Seal of) C. Nymphidius | | Lupus I[…]P (Seal of) L. Pullius | | Ianuarius AE R (Seal of) T. Flavius | | Macrinus (Seal of) D. Fabricius| | Placidus (centurion) Legio III Gallica (Seal of) C. Disius | | Salvianus (Seal of) D. Atinius |•| Rufus AE R To be published in a future academic journal. Green and red-brown patina, lower right sections reattached, exterior showing where seal cover (now lost) was attached. As made. A fine example from the reign of Vespasian and especially rare, as it cites individuals known from other documents, including one who later became an associate of Pliny the Younger. ($3000) Although the emperor is not named, the consuls listed date this diploma to the final months of the reign of Vespasian († 23 June AD 79). The consuls listed, P. Calvisius Ruso and L. Iunius Caesennius Paetus, were suffecti (substitutes) who served from March-June AD 79. Caesennius Paetus and his career is well-known – he was the grandson of Vespasian’s older brother, T. Flavius Sabinus, and was legatus Syriae in AD 7072 and legatus Augusti pro praetore Asiae in AD 93-94. Not much is known about Calvisius Ruso; his career has been the subject of debate among some of the greatest Roman historians (see P. Gallivan, “The Fasti for A.D. 70-96,” in Classical Quarterly 31 [1981]) The recipient of this diploma, Barhadadus Germanus, the son of Bacchus, was a soldier serving in the Ala Gallorum et Thracum Constantinum, an auxiliary cavalry unit serving with the Legio III Gallica, which was stationed in Syria at the time. His name suggests an Aramaic origin. The commander of this unit was M. Vercellius M. F. Flavus tribu Voltinia. This assignment to a specific tribe, going back to the time of the Kings of Rome, divided Roman citizens into voting units for the comitia tributa. The tribus Voltina was one of the sixteen rural tribes. The rare cognomen Vercellius suggests a Samnite origin: Livy (XXIII.37) notes that at the time of Hannibal’s invasion of Italy, a Vircellius was involved in instigating a revolt of three towns in that area. Founded by Julius Caesar, the Legio III Gallica had a long and storied service when, in the early 4th century AD, it was stationed in Egypt. Following the Battle of Actium, Octavian returned the legion to Syria, where it had served under Mark Antony in his war against the Parthian Empire. Under Nero, the legion was under the command of Cn. Domitius Corbulo to Armenia to settle the conflict there. During this time, a unit of the Legio III Gallica assisted the attempt of the legatus Syriae, C. Cestius Gallus, to restore order in Judaea at the outset of the First Jewish War (AD 65-73). At that time, the remainder of the legion was stationed in Moesia. In the Year of Four Emperors, the Legio III Gallica sided with Vespasian. After fighting in the civil war on the emperor’s side, it was restationed in Syria, since the legions there were occupied with the war in Judaea. The witnesses, whose names appear on the tablet’s exterior, offer a rare opportunity, since some of them are known from other sources, including Latin literature and include their then-current ranks. C. Iulius Sampsiceramus, listed here as the son of King Sampsiceramus, was most certainly related to the Sampsigerid dynasty of priest-kings of Emesa and was the builder of a now-destroyed mausoleum in the ancient necropolis there. Subsequent to witnessing this document, C. Nymphidius Lupus became acquainted with the young C. Plinius Caecilius Secundus (Pliny the Younger) when the latter joined the Legio III Gallica as a tribunus militum. When he was later appointed by the emperor Trajan as legatus Augusti Bithyniae et Ponti, Pliny summoned Nymphidius to serve on his staff. Pliny also requested from the emperor that the son of Nymphidius be appointed tribunus militum (Ep. 10.87). L. Pullius Ianuarius is attested elsewhere (CIL XVI 36 [dated AD 90]). As for the others, little is known, other than their nomina can be found in other documents of the Republican and early Imperial periods.

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Photos reduced.

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509. Diva Domitilla Senior. Died before AD 69. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.61 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Domitian, AD 82-83. Draped bust right, hair in long plait / Fortuna standing left, holding rudder set on ground and cornucopia. RIC II.1 157 (Domitian); RSC 3. Toned, light cleaning marks, and smoothing. VF. Very rare. ($1500) Ex Gordon S. Parry Collecion (Classical Numismatic Group 79, 17 September 2008), lot 1083; Dr. Busso Peus Collection (Peus 336, 28 April 1993), lot 613. Lot includes a certificate of authenticity from Rasiel Suarez, no. 650.

Calicó Plate Coin – Pedigreed to 1975

510. Titus. As Caesar, AD 69-79. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.34 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Vespasian, AD 75. T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN, laureate head right / IMP VIII in exergue, bull butting right, lashing his tail. RIC II.1 786 (Vespasian); Calicó 741 (this coin illustrated); BMCRE 175 (Vespasian – same rev. die); BN –; Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini –. Lustrous, faint hairlines on obverse, small flan flaw on reverse. Near EF. Struck on a broad flan. ($10,000) Ex Giessener Münzhandlung 71 (3 May 1995), lot 645; Leu 13 (29 April 1975), lot 422.

511. Titus. AD 79-81. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.16 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck 1 January-30 June AD 80. Laureate head right / Filleted tripod surmounted by dolphin. RIC II.1 128; RSC 321. Lightly toned. Near EF. ($400) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 75 (23 May 2007), lot 1021.

Commemorating an Important Victory in Britain

512. Titus. AD 79-81. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.21 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck 1 January-30 June AD 80. Laureate head right / Trophy of arms; to left, Britannia seated left in attitude of mourning; to right, bound British captive seated right. RIC II.1 102; RSC 306. Toned, a few marks. Near EF. ($1000) This denarius commemorates Agricola’s victory in Britain at the river Tay, for which Titus was proclaimed imperator for the fifteenth time. Beginning in AD 77, Gnaeus Iulius Agricola, legate of Britannia, began expanding Roman control over the rest of the island. He pushed northward into Scotland and defeated the Caledonians at Mons Graupius in AD 83.

146


513. Domitian. As Caesar, AD 69-81. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.42 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Vespasian, AD 77-78. CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right / COS V in exergue, Parthian kneeling right, extending left hand and holding out signum, with vexillum attached, in right. RIC II.1 959 (Vespasian); Calicó 819; BMCRE 231-3 (Vespasian); BN 205-6 (Vespasian); Adda 72; Biaggi 396-7; Jameson 80; Mazzini 48. Toned, shallow scratch on obverse. Near EF. ($7500) Ex Provence Collection. This reverse type repeats an issue of Augustus struck by several moneyers circa 19/8 BC (RIC 288) celebrating the recovery of the standards lost to the Parthians by Crassus in 53 BC at the battle of Carrhae. The return of the standards (SIGNIS RECEPTIS) featured prominently in Augustan propaganda as a diplomatic and military triumph. The Flavian rulers frequently reused Augustan imagery on their coinage, seeking to legitimize their dynasty by association.

514. Domitian. AD 81-96. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.44 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 82. IMP CΛES DOMITIΛNVS ΛVG P M, laureate head right / TR POT IMP II COS VIII DES VIIII P P, bust of Minerva left, wearing crested helmet and aegis. RIC II.1 139; Calicó 937 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE p. 304, 33 note; BN 37; Biaggi –. Much luster remaining, scratch on obverse. Good VF. ($10,000) Ex Provence Collection. For unknown reasons, Minerva was highly favored by Domitian and became virtually the only Roman deity honored on his silver and gold coinage as Augustus. He also founded a legion in her name, Legio I Minervia.

515. Domitian. AD 81-96. Æ Sestertius (37mm, 25.85 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 86. Laureate bust right, wearing aegis / Domitian standing left, holding parazonium and spear; to left, river-god (Rhenus) reclining, holding a branch. RIC II.1 468. Brown surfaces, smoothed, some tooling. Near EF. Excellent portrait. ($2000) Ex ArtCoins Roma 8 (4 February 2014), lot 522.

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Domitian’s Germanic Campaigns

516. Domitian. AD 81-96. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.60 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 92-94. DOMITIANVS AVGVSTVS, bare head right / GERMANICVS above, COS XVI in exergue, Domitian standing left in slow triumphal quadriga, holding laurel branch in right hand and scepter in left; Victory left, crowning trophy, on side of chariot. RIC II.1 749; Calicó 853; BMCRE 213; BN 190; Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini 161. Lustrous, short flan crack, some scratches on reverse, a few minor edge marks. Near EF. Rare. ($10,000) Domitian always stood in the shadow of his father and elder brother. Vespasian and Titus had been heaped with military and civic honors throughout their long and distinguished careers. When he became emperor in AD 81, Domitian sought to gain the glory that would equal or exceed that his father and brother had won in the Jewish War, and launched a series of moderately successful campaigns against the Germans and Dacians. This aureus proclaims him as Germanicus, a title he had assumed about a decade earlier, and serves as a memoir of his triumph in AD 89.

517. Domitian. AD 81-96. AR Cistophorus (25mm, 10.32 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 95. Laureate head right / Distyle temple set on four-tiered base; within, cult statue of Augustus standing facing, holding spear, being crowned with wreath by female figure (Roma) holding cornucopiae; ROM ET AVG across entablature, no letter in exergue. RIC II.1 854 (R2); RPC II 875 var. (G in exergue); RSC 407 var. (same). Light marks. Near VF. Rare. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 72 (14 June 2006), lot 1438.

VEHICVLATIONE ITALIAE REMISSA

518. Nerva. AD 96-98. Æ Sestertius (33.5mm, 26.45 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 97. Laureate head right / Two mules grazing, one left, one right; behind, high-wheeled cart, with pole and harness (collars and traces), tipped up and pointing slightly to right. RIC II 93; Banti 44. Brown surfaces, light pitting, minor smoothing. VF. Rare. ($1000) Ex RAM Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 1067, purchased from R. M. Smythe, April 1999; Numismatic Fine Arts IX (10 December 1980), lot 470. Nerva attempted to relieve some of the burdens that had been imposed on the people of Italy by his predecessor, Domitian. One of his acts was the assumption of the costs of the imperial post by the Roman government, a burden which had formerly fallen on the municipalities. Though this event is celebrated on this coin, no contemporary writers mention the act.

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519. Nerva. AD 96-98. Æ Dupondius (28mm, 14.11 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck AD 97. Radiate head right / Libertas standing left, holding pileus and vindicta (liberation rod). RIC II 101. Attractive, dark green patina, some brown. Good VF. ($500) Ex Ronald J. Hansen Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 94, 18 September 2013), lot 1033; Noble 77 (24 November 2004), lot 3702; Noble 69 (20 March 2002), lot 1961.

Stimulus Roman Style

520. Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 26.41 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 98-99. Laureate bust right, wearing aegis / Congiarium (cash distribution) scene: Trajan seated left on curule chair set on platform on right, extending right hand in front of him on a second platform is an officer seated left, and before him, a man standing right, holding out fold of toga; to left, citizen mounting steps to the second platform; in background, Liberalitas standing holding abacus in right hand. RIC II 381; Woytek 64c; Banti 43. Glossy brown patina, smoothing in fields. Near EF. Rare, particularly so in high grade. ($1500) Shortly after his first entry into Rome as emperor in early AD 99, Trajan staged a congiarium, or cash distribution, to solidify his position as successor to the aged, and somewhat parsimonious, Nerva. This distribution, depicted on this sestertius, reportedly amounted to 75 silver denarii or 300 sesterces per citizen-- in modern terms, equivalent to roughly $1,500. After the huge financial windfall occasioned by the Dacian wars, Trajan held two further congiaria, this time amounting to the princely sum of 650 denarii (roughly $13,000) per citizen. These distributions can be thought of as an ancient version of the modern “stimulus check,’ as recently offered by the U.S. government in the form of pandemic relief.

Magnificent Portrait

521. Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ Sestertius (34.5mm, 23.91 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 101-102. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Pax seated left, holding olive branch and scepter. RIC II 432 var. (bust type); Woytek 107b; Banti 337. Glossy green patina, minor smoothing. EF. Boldly struck, with a magnificent portrait. ($2000) When Trajan entered his fourth consulship in AD 101, the Roman Empire seemed securely at peace, as celebrated by the figure of Pax on the reverse of his attractive sestertius. These allusions were possibly a ruse, however, as Trajan was already planning a massive campaign against the Dacian King Decebalus, who had humiliated Roman armies on two occasions during Domitian’s reign.

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522. Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ Sestertius (35mm, 23.89 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 106-107. Laureate bust right, wearing aegis / Roma standing left, holding Victory and spear; to left, small Dacian, kneeling right, raising hands to Roma. RIC II 485; Woytek 250c–2; Banti 123 (same obv. die as illustration). Green patina, trace of smoothing in fields. Good VF. ($750) Ex MoneyMuseum, Zurich Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 1071; I. Vecchi 8 (4 December 1997), lot 270.

523. Trajan. AD 98-117. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.21 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 107. Laureate bust right, wearing aegis / Mars standing left, holding Victory and trophy. RIC II 155; Woytek 229c (same obv. die as illustration); RSC 371a. Attractive light golden tone. Choice EF. ($1000) Ex Vico 143 (5 November 2015), lot 651.

524

525

524. Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ Sestertius (32.5mm, 23.72 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 108-109/110. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia; prow in background to right. RIC II 492; Woytek 323bD–2; Banti 182. Brown surfaces, brassy highlights, light smoothing. Near EF. Excellent portrait. ($2000) Ex New York Sale XL (11 January 2017), lot 1227.

Woytek Plate Coin 525. Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ Sestertius (35mm, 24.77 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck winter AD 114-early 116. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Trajan seated right on sella castrensis set on daïs, addressing a group of soldiers who hold three signa; two officers standing at Trajan’s side; at base of daïs, an officer stands right. RIC II 656 var. (bust type); Woytek 548b2 (this coin); Banti 77. Green patina, minor smoothing and roughness, light marks and scrapes. VF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 75 (23 May 2007), lot 1043.

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Matidia – Imperial Lynchpin

526. Diva Matidia. Died AD 119. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.37 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Hadrian, AD 119-120 (and later). Draped bust right, wearing double stephane with hair braided and piled up / Eagle standing left on scepter, with wings displayed. RIC II.3 2462 (same rev. die as illustration); RSC 6. Lightly toned. VF. Rare. ($1000) Matidia, the niece of Trajan, proved to be the lynchpin that held together the imperial succession for the next three generations. Matidia was married three times in succession to important Roman Senators, all of whom predeceased her. Vibia Sabina, her daughter by her first husband, was married to the future emperor Hadrian. By her third husband, she bore Rupilia Faustina, who went on to become mother to Faustina the Elder, future wife of Antoninus Pius; she was also the grandmother of Marcus Aurelius and also his wife Faustina the Younger, and thus great-grandmother (on both sides) to Commodus. She died early in the reign of her son-in-law, Hadrian, in AD 119. This denarius was struck to mark Matidia’s formal deification, at which Hadrian himself delivered the funeral oration.

527. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Sestertius (32.5mm, 27.57 g, 12h). “Travel series” issue (“Provinces cycle”) – The province alone. Rome mint. Struck circa AD 130-133. Bareheaded and draped bust right / AEGYPTOS, S C in exergue, Egypt reclining left, holding sistrum, resting elbow on basket; to left, ibis standing right on column. RIC II.3 1595; Banti 75. Dark brown patina, minor roughness. VF. ($750) From the Collection of a Gentleman, Kent, England.

Distribution Scene

528. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 28.60 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 118. Laureate bust right, showing bare chest, slight drapery / Hadrian seated left on sella castrensis set on platform on right, extending hand; to left, an officer seated left, with both hands making distribution to citizen, facing right, who is mounting steps up to platform, holding out fold of toga; to far left on platform, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus (or coin scoop). RIC II.3 163; Banti 488. Two-tone brown patina. VF. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 73 (13 September 2006), lot 891.

151


529. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Sestertius (35mm, 24.45 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 119-circa mid 120. Laureate bust right with bare chest, slight drapery / Roma seated left on cuirass, foot on helmet, holding Victory and spear; shield at side to right. RIC II.3 254; Banti 603. Green and brown patina, smoothing, cleaning scratches, scrape on reverse. Good VF. ($500)

530. Hadrian. AD 117-138. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.36 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck late AD 121-123. Laureate head right / Pax seated left, holding Victory on globe and olive branch. RIC II.3 591; RSC 1147b. Vivid iridescent toning. In NGC encapsulation 4284628-004, graded Choice AU★, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5, Fine Style. ($1500)

531. Hadrian. AD 117-138. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.36 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck late AD 121-123. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Galley left, with mast, no rowers. RIC II.3 525; RSC 1174a. Attractively toned. In NGC encapsulation 4284628-006, graded MS★, Strike: 5/5, Surface 5/5, Fine Style. A superb example. ($2000)

532. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Sestertius (31.5mm, 23.05 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 126-127. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Roma seated left on cuirass, foot on helmet, holding Victory and cornucopia; shield at side to right. RIC II.3 870; Banti 183. Hard green patina, smoothed, minor roughness along edge. Good VF. ($500)

152


533. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Sestertius (32mm, 26.56 g, 12h). “Travel series” issue. Rome mint. Struck circa AD 129130. Laureate head right / Galley moving left, with rowers, steersman in stern. RIC II.3 1285; Banti 337. Green-brown patina, minor smoothing. Near EF. ($500) From the Collection of a Gentleman, Kent, England.

534. Hadrian. AD 117-138. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.31 g, 7h). “Travel series” issue (“Provinces cycle”) – Restitutor type. Rome mint. Struck circa AD 130-133. Laureate head right / RESTITVTORI HISPΛNIΛE, Hadrian standing left, holding volumen and raising up kneeling Hispania who shoulders olive branch; rabbit between them. RIC II.3 1580; RSC 1260. Light golden iridescent tone. Choice EF. Rare. ($1500) Ex Künker 257 (10 October 2014), lot 8520; Lanz 150 (13 December 2010), lot 299.

535.

No Lot.

536. Sabina. Augusta, AD 128-136/7. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.12 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Hadrian, circa AD 130-133. Draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair falling in plait down neck / Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera with her extended right hand and resting her left arm on statuette of Spes on low cippus; cornucopia below throne. RIC II.3 2501; RSC 12. Attractive old cabinet toning. Near EF. ($500) Vibia Sabina’s husband Hadrian is much better known for his love of men, particularly the youth Antinöus, than for any affection he felt for her. Their marriage was politically useful: Sabina was the great-niece of Trajan and had been married to Hadrian, who was also her second cousin, at the request of Trajan’s wife Plotina. Sabina may have found other outlets for her energies; the Historia Augusta records that several officials including the historian Suetonius were removed from the emperor’s employ for over-familiarity with the Empress, but Hadrian did not divorce her. Sabina may also have enjoyed liaisons with women; one of her ladies in waiting, the poetess Julia Balbilla, wrote a poem on the statue of Memnon, which describes Sabina’s “lovely form.” The Epitome de Caesaribus states that Hadrian treated Sabina like a slave and abused her to the point where she died by suicide rather than endure any longer, but this is not attested in other sources. Sabina was certainly a very public Empress during her lifetime and was deified after her death, like her aunt Plotina before her.

153


New RIC II.3 Plate Coin

537. Aelius. Caesar, AD 136-138. Æ Sestertius (31mm, 24.73 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Hadrian, AD 137. Bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising hem of skirt. RIC II.3 2698 (this coin illustrated); Banti 37. Brown patina. Good VF. Wonderful portrait. ($1500) From the Collection of a Gentleman, Kent, England. Ex London Coins 157 (3 June 2017), lot 1703.

First Issue of Pius as Augustus Ex Biaggi Collection – Calicó Plate Coin

538. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.19 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 138. IMP CAES AEL • ANTONINVS AVG, laureate head right / PONT MAX TR POT COS, Pietas, veiled, standing right before lighted and garlanded altar, raising right hand and holding acerrum (incense box) in left. RIC III –; Strack 10 = Münzhandlung Basel 6, lot 1729 (same dies); Calicó 1608 (this coin illustrated); BMCRE 7; Biaggi 751 (this coin). Red tone in devices. Good VF. Extremely rare first issue of Antoninus Pius as Augustus. ($5000) Ex Triton XXII (8 January 2019), lot 1085; D. Fagan Collection (Triton XVII, 6 January 2015), lot 1098, purchased from Tom Cederlind; Leo Biaggi de Blasys Collection, 751; Ars Classica XVI (3 July 1933), lot 1732.

539

540

539. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 28.21 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / AFRI C A, S C across field, COS II in exergue, Africa, wearing elephant-skin headdress, standing left, holding diadem of pearls and cornucopia. RIC III 576; Banti 12. Dark gray patina, areas of roughness, smoothing, and deposits. VF. Rare. ($500) 540. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Sestertius (31.5mm, 23.78 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139. Laureate head right / A S I A around, COS II/ S C in two lines across field, Asia, towered, standing left, holding crown and anchor. RIC III 579; Banti 38 var. (placement of rev. legend); BMCRE 1183; G. Hirsch 188, lot 704 (same dies). Green-brown patina, areas of minor porosity and smoothing, scratch on reverse. VF. Rare. ($500) From the Collection of a Gentleman, Kent, England.

154


Very Rare Phoenicia Type

541. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 26.25 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139. Laureate head right / PHOE [NI]CE, Phoenicia standing left, with left foot on prow, holding jeweled crown and scepter; palm tree to right, COS II/S C across field. RIC III 587; BMCRE 1195 = Banti 266. Brown surfaces, some roughness, scratches on edge. Near VF. Very rare type, and possibly only the second known example with COS II in the field rather than in the exergue. Banti cites one specimen for this variety, and only one, this coin, in CoinArchives. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 412 (17 January 2018), lot 538.

542

543

542. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 30.68 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 140. Laureate head right / Italia seated left on globe with zones and stars, holding cornucopia and scepter. RIC III 747a; Banti 197. Green-brown patina, minor smoothing. Good VF. ($750) From the Collection of a Gentleman, Kent, England.

543. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Sestertius (32mm, 31.43 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 145-147. Laureate head right / Antoninus Pius driving slow quadriga left, extending hand and holding eagle-tipped scepter. RIC III 767a; Banti 120. Green and brown patina, roughness, some shallow cleaning marks on reverse. VF. ($500) From the Collection of a Gentleman, Kent, England.

544. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.11 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 147. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, bareheaded and cuirassed bust right / TR PO T COS IIII, Roma, helmeted and draped, seated left on throne, holding palladium in right hand and vertical spear in left; round shield at right side. RIC III 147 corr. (palladium not Victory); Strack 143κo; Calicó 1654; BMCRE 556; Adda 215; Biaggi 766; Mazzini 936 var. (bust type). A few hairlines and edge marks. EF. An attractive coin. ($5000)

155


545. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.94 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 147-148. Laureate head right / Salus standing left, holding rudder set on globe and feeding out of patera a snake coiled around and rising from altar. RIC III 167; RSC 280. Lustrous. In NGC encapsulation, 4938345-028, graded Ch MS. Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($500)

Ex Biaggi Collection – Calicó Plate Coin

546. Faustina Senior. Augusta, AD 138-140/1. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.34 g, 6h). Lifetime issue. Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius. FAVSTINA AVG ANTONINI AVG P P, draped bust right, wearing hair bound in pearls on top of her head / IVNONI REGINAE, throne, ornamented and draped, on which lies a wreath; hassock below; to left, peacock standing left, head right; to right, basket of fruit; nearly vertical scepter leaning against throne to right. RIC III 332 (Pius); Strack 397α (Pius); Calicó 1792 (this coin illustrated); BMCRE 44 (Pius; same dies); Biaggi 825 (this coin). Flan flaw on obverse, a few light scratches on reverse. Good VF. Rare. ($7500) Ex collection of a retired banker (Numismatica Ars Classica 114, 6 May 2019), lot 707; Leo Biaggi de Blasys Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 49, 21 October 2008), lot 256.

547. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (18mm, 6.57 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 146-161. DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, wearing hair bound in pearls on top of her head / AVG VSTA, Ceres, veiled and draped, standing left, holding lighted torch in each hand. RIC III 357a (Pius); Beckmann dies df –/CB – (unlisted dies); Strack 471α (Pius); Calicó 1758; BMCRE 404 (Pius); Biaggi 807-8; Mazzini 75. Lustrous. EF. A pretty coin. ($7500) Ex Provence Collection. Born into an aristocratic Roman senatorial family of Spanish descent, Annia Galeria Faustina was related to the emperors Trajan and Hadrian. In about AD 115, she married Titus Fulvius Antoninus, a respected Roman senator. Through her connections, he was drawn into Hadrian’s inner circle and eventually chosen as his successor, achieving the throne in AD 138. Faustina was acclaimed Augusta, or Empress, and Antoninus honored her extensively on the coinage. Her vivacity and compassion for the poor made her popular with the Roman people. Her distinctive hairstyle, with a tight coil adopt her head, was adopted by women throughout the Empire. Only two years into the reign, Faustina died of an unknown illness. The grief-stricken Antoninus secured her deification and issued an immense coinage in her name, the largest for any Roman woman to that point. This attractive aureus falls into the posthumous series.

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548. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. Æ Sestertius (32mm, 25.11 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 146-161. Draped bust right, wearing hair bound in pearls on top of her head / Aeternitas, draped, seated left on throne, holding phoenix on globe (nimbate to right) on her right hand and transverse scepter with left. RIC III 1103A (Pius); Banti 7 var. (arrangement of obv. legend). Attractive dark green patina, some light smoothing. EF. A wonderful coin in hand. ($3000)

549. Marcus Aurelius. As Caesar, AD 139-161. Æ Sestertius (32mm, 23.39 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, AD 148-149. Bare head right / Pietas standing left, holding scepter and extending hand over child standing to left. RIC III 1281a (Pius); Banti 227. Brown surfaces, brassy highlights, some roughness. Good VF. ($500) From the Collection of a Gentleman, Kent, England.

550. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.45 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 161. Bare head right / Providentia standing left, holding globe and cornucopia. RIC III 22; MIR 18, 22-4/10; RSC 507. Lustrous. In NGC encapsulation, 4284929-001, graded Choice MS. Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($500)

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551. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.01 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 163. Laureate head right / Providentia standing left, holding globe and cornucopia. RIC III 73; MIR 18, 53-4/30; RSC 525. Attractively toned. Superb EF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 82 (16 September 2009), lot 1021.

552. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.18 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 164. ΛNTONINVS ΛVG ΛRMENIΛCVS, laureate and cuirassed bust right / P M TR P • XVIII • IMP II COS III, Victory, winged and draped, standing right, setting on palm tree shield inscribed VIC/ ΛVG in two lines. RIC III 90 var. (bust type); MIR 18, 94-2/35; Calicó 1888; BMCRE 270 note; Biaggi 862 var. (bust type). Some residual luster. Near EF. ($7500) Ex Provence Collection.

553. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.17 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 165. M • ΛNTONINVS ΛVG ΛRMENIΛCVS, laureate and cuirassed bust right / P M TR P XIX IMP III COS III, Felicitas, draped, standing left, right foot on globe, holding caduceus in right hand and cornucopia in left. RIC III 137; MIR 18, 116-2/35; Calicó 1898a (same obv. die as illustration); BMCRE p. 436, note 375; Biaggi –; Mazzini 480; Nomos 8, lot 230 (same dies). Toned, a scratch and a light contact mark on reverse. Good VF. Rare. ($5000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 88 (14 September 2011), lot 1341.

554. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ Medallion (36.5mm, 46.01 g, 11h). Rome mint. Struck AD 174-175. M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXIX, laureate and cuirassed bust right, with the breastplate adorned with the head of Medusa / IMP VII COS III, Victory seated right on on pile of shields, holding palm frond in right hand and shield in left, resting on her knees, inscribed V[IC]/ A[VG] in two lines; a trophy to right. Gnecchi II, p. 28, 14; MIR 18, 1063-1/36; Banti 156. Dark green patina, some scratches and smoothing in fields, patch of roughness on obverse. Near VF. Rare. ($3000) 158


555. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.31 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 180. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia; wheel below seat. RIC III 409 var. (bust not draped); MIR 18, 461-4/37; RSC 972b. Lustrous. In NGC encapsulation, 4938345-026, graded MS. Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($500)

556. Faustina Junior. Augusta, AD 147-175. Æ Sestertius (32.5mm, 22.59 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 152-153. Draped bust right / CONCO R DIA, S C low across field, Concordia, draped, seated left on throne, holding up flower in right hand, left elbow resting on arm of throne; to right, cornucopia set on globe. RIC 1374a (Pius); Banti 33. Attractive dark green patina with traces of red. Near EF. Excellent portrait. ($750) Ex Jack A. Frazer Collection (Triton XXIII, 14 January 2020), lot 764; Classical Numismatic Group XXXIV (6 May 1995), lot 346.

Faustina Junior, Princess

557. Faustina Junior. Augusta, AD 147-175. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.08 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 153-154. FΛVSTINΛ ΛVG VSTΛ ΛVG P II F, draped bust right, hair waved and fastened in bun on back of head / VE NVS, Venus, draped, standing left, holding apple in right hand and vertical scepter in left. RIC III 513c (Pius); Calicó 2089 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE (Pius) 1095, note; Biaggi 938 (same dies). Lightly toned, lustrous. EF. ($7500) Ex Provence Collection. This attractive aureus shows the young Faustina Junior as a “princess” during the reign of her father, Antoninus Pius. Annia Galeria Faustina the Younger was born in about AD 129 to then Senator Antoninus and his wife, Faustina the Elder. When Antoninus was adopted by Hadrian as his successor in AD 138, the emperor arranged for her betrothal to Lucius Verus, son of the “heir consumptive” Aelius Caesar, who died the same year. When Antoninus inherited the throne, he broke the engagement and instead betrothed her to his nephew and adoptive son, and favored heir, Marcus Aurelius. The couple were wed in AD 145 to great rejoicing and went on to produce up to 13 children, including two sets of twins, of which only five appear to have survived to adulthood, among them the future emperor Commodus and empress Lucilla. Faustina was named Augusta, or empress, in AD 147, after the birth of the couple’s first child. Since her husband as yet bore only the title of Caesar, for some years she technically outranked him in the Roman societal pecking order, if not in actual power.

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558. Faustina Junior. Augusta, AD 147-175. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.25 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, AD 161-164. FΛVSTINΛ ΛVGVSTΛ, draped bust right, wearing hair waved and fastened in bun on back of head / SΛLVTI ΛVGVSTΛE, Salus, draped, seated left on throne, resting left elbow on arm of throne and feeding out of patera in right hand snake coiled around and rising from altar to left. RIC III 716 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 30-2b; Calicó 2073a; BMCRE 151-2 (Aurelius); Adda 322; Biaggi 935; Mazzini 198. Near EF. ($5000) Ex Palombo 17 (20 October 2018), lot 74.

559. Faustina Junior. Augusta, AD 147-175. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.41 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck under Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, AD 161-164. Draped bust right, wearing double circlet of pearls around head / Juno standing facing, head left, holding patera and scepter; to left, peacock standing left, head right. RIC III 696 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 19-4b; RSC 139. Lightly toned. In NGC encapsulation, 4284627-002, graded Ch AU★. Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. Fine style obverse portrait. ($500)

560. Lucius Verus. AD 161-169. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.46 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 165. Laureate head right / Parthia wearing breeches to ankles, and peaked cap, seated right on ground, hands tied behind back; to right, quiver, bow, and shield. RIC III 540 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 112-14/30; RSC 273. Toned, a couple of flan cracks. Near EF. Well centered. ($300) Purchased by the consignor from Tom Cederlind, December 3, 2005.

561. Lucius Verus. AD 161-169. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.29 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 166. Laureate head right / Pax standing facing, head left, holding olive branch and cornucopia. RIC III 561 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 140-14/30; RSC 126. Lustrous. In NGC encapsulation, 4284928-019, graded MS. Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($500) 160


562. Lucius Verus. AD 161-169. Æ Sestertius (29.5mm, 24.68 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck AD 169. Laureate head right / Aequitas, draped, seated left, holding scales with her right hand and cornucopia with left. RIC III 1484 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 173-16/30; Banti 149. Attractive dark green patina. Good VF. ($1000) Ex Hauck & Aufhäuser 19 (21 March 2006), lot 311.

563. Lucilla. Augusta, AD 164-182. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.49 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, AD 161-162. Draped bust right / VOTΛ/ PVBLI/CΛ in three lines within laurel wreath. RIC III 791 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 22-4a; RSC 98. A hint of toning with lovely satin surfaces, a couple minor deposits. Choice EF. ($500)

564. Lucilla. Augusta, AD 164-182. Æ As (27mm, 11.46 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, AD 161-162. Draped bust right / Venus, draped, standing right, with right hand raising veil from head and holding apple in left. RIC III 1770 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 20-7a; BMCRE 1187 (Aurelius and Verus) var. (break in obv. legend). Dark red-brown and green patina, smoothing. Near EF. ($750) Ex Jack A. Frazer Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 460, 29 January 2020), lot 671; Sternberg XXVIII (30 October 1995), lot 150.

565. Lucilla. Augusta, AD 164-182. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.23 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, mid AD 164. LVCILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair arranged in parallel waves and gathered in chignon at nape of neck / PVDI CITIΛ, Pudicitia, veiled and draped, standing left, with right hand preparing to draw back veil, left hand at side. RIC III 779 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 38-2c; Calicó 2216 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE (Aurelius and Verus) 347 (same obv. die); Biaggi 977 (same obv. die); Mazzini 59 (same dies). A few light marks. Good VF. ($7500) Ex Provence Collection. The appearance of Pudicitia on this aureus is meant to reflect modesty and sexual propriety, traits befitting any highborn Roman woman, especially the empress. As is usual the reality of her character was more murky. Roman historians portray Lucilla as a haughty and powerhungry adulteress who recruited two of her supposed lovers into a plot against her brother, Commodus.

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566. Commodus. AD 177-192. Æ Sestertius (32mm, 26.25 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 181. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Commodus seated left on sella castrensis between prefect of the praetorium on right and Liberalitas on left, holding abacus and cornucopia, attending the distribution of a gift to a citizen, climbing ladder, holding out mantel to receive it. RIC III 310; MIR 18, 511-6/37; Banti 188-90 var. (bust type). Green and brown surfaces, smoothing and tooling. VF. ($500) From the Collection of a Gentleman, Kent, England.

Ex Sydenham, Vierordt, and Imhoof-Blümer Collections – Pedigreed to 1907

567. Pertinax. AD 193. Æ Sestertius (32.5mm, 24.32 g, 6h). Rome mint. Laureate head right / Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia. RIC IV 14; Lempereur 734g (D270/R374 – this coin); Banti 2. Dark green and gray patina, some smoothing, flan crack. VF. ($2500) From the Collection of a Gentleman, Kent, England. Ex Dix Noonan Webb 139 (15 February 2017), lot 137; Rev. E. A. Sydenham Collection (Glendining, 10 December 1941), lot 217; purchased from A.H. Baldwin & Son, 1935 (H. G. C. Day Collection); M. L. Vierordt Collection (J. Schulman, 5 March 1923), lot 1774; Dr. Friedrich Imhoof-Blümer Collection (J. Hirsch XVIII, 27 May 1907), lot 1043, with tickets.

568. Didius Julianus. AD 193. AR Denarius (18mm, 2.80 g, 12h). Rome mint. Laureate head right / Concordia Militum standing facing, head left, holding aquila with right hand and vexillum with left. RIC IV 1; BMCRE 2-3; RSC 2. Light iridescent toning, shallow scrape across cheek. EF. Well centered and struck. ($3000) Ex Continental Collection (Triton XX, 10 January 2017), lot 777; Schweizerischer Bankverein 43 (15 September 1997), lot 296.

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Ex Earl Fitzwilliam Collection – Pedigreed to 1949

569. Didia Clara. Augusta, AD 193. Æ Sestertius (29mm, 17.93 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Didius Julianus. Draped bust right / Hilaritas standing left, holding long palm frond and cornucopia. RIC IV 20 (Didius); Banti 1. Red and brown patina, minor smoothing, some shallow scratches on reverse. VF. ($750) From the Collection of a Gentleman, Kent, England. Ex Earl Fitzwilliam’s Wentworth Estates Company Collection (Christie’s, 30 May 1949), lot 449 (part of). This Didia Clara Sestertius was part of the highly important collection of Roman Brass Coins and Medallions originally formed in the mideighteenth century, and sold by order of The Earl Fitzwilliam’s Wentworth Estates Company. Spring notes that the coins came from the collections of the Museo del Padri Corsini acquired in Italy in 1748, and the Abbé Visconti, President of the Society of Antiquaries in Rome, purchased about 1774.

570. Pescennius Niger. AD 193-194. AR Denarius (17mm, 2.28 g, 12h). Antioch mint. Laureate head right / VIC TO RIΛE ΛVC, Victory standing facing, head left, holding wreath with her right hand, raising hem of skirt while resting left hand on hip. RIC IV 89 var. (cornucopia); RSC 75h. Toned, typical porosity. VF. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 447 (3 July 2019), lot 474.

571. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.10 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 196-197. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, laureate bust right, slight drapery / P • M • TR P IIII C OS II • P • P, Victory advancing left, holding wreath with her extended right hand, cradling palm frond in her left arm. RIC IV 86 var. (bust type); Calicó 2495 (same obv. die as illustration); BMCRE 146 note; Biaggi 1087 (same obv. die). Lustrous, a few light scratches. Near EF. ($10,000) Ex Provence Collection.

572. Septimius Severus, with Caracalla. AD 193-211. AR Denarius (20mm, 2.90 g, 6h). Dynastic issue. Rome mint. Struck AD 200-201. Laureate head of Septimius Severus right / Laureate and draped bust of Caracalla right. RIC IV 157; RSC 2b. Lightly toned. Good VF. Rare. ($1500) Ex Benito Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 114, 13 May 2020), lot 929; Künker 216 (8 October 2012), lot 1119 (hammer €1600); Numismatica Ars Classica 54 (24 May 2010), lot 1208; Numismatica Ars Classica 51 (5 March 2009), lot 350.

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Severan Dynasty At A Glance

573. Septimius Severus, with Julia Domna, Caracalla, and Geta. AD 193-211. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.19 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 202. SEVERVS PIVS AVG P M TR P X, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / FELICITAS above, SAECVLI below, draped bust of Julia Domna facing between a laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right vis-à-vis a bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust of Geta left. RIC IV 181b; Calicó 2590 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 379; Biaggi 1125 (same dies). Lightly toned, underlying luster, a few light marks and scratches, typical weakness to Domna’s nose. Near EF. Rare and popular type. ($30,000) Ex Provence Collection. The reign of Septimius Severus was unique for the production of a remarkable series of coins depicting various members of the Imperial family in a variety of combinations, many of great beauty and exceptional iconographic interest. Among the rarest of this series is this beautiful aureus, which combines a forceful obverse portrait of Severus with a facing bust of his wife Julia Domna, between confronting busts of their two sons Caracalla and Geta. The legend FELICTAS SAECVLI, “happy age,” completes the propaganda message of a secure new dynasty. In reality, the dysfunctional family dynamic led to a very brief run for the Severan clan.

Julia Domna in Attractive Ancient Pendant

574. Julia Domna. Augusta, AD 193-217. AV Aureus bezel set in ancient gold pendant (29 x 34 mm, 12.14 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Septimius Severus and Caracalla, circa AD 198-207. IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / MA TER DEVM, Cybele, towered and draped, seated left on throne, holding branch in extended right hand and scepter in left, left elbow resting on drum, set on throne; on both sides of throne, lions seated left. RIC IV 564 (Septimius); Calicó 2628 (same obv. die as illustration); BMCRE (Septimius and Caracalla) 50 var. (no scepter); Adda 410 var. (same); Biaggi 1147-8 (same obv. die); Mazzini 122 (same obv. die). Minor scuffing on obverse of coin and on pendant, some bends in pendant. Good VF. Interesting and wearable. ($10,000) Ever since their invention, coins have been used as objects of adornment as well as commerce. The practice gained particular popularity in the late Antonine and Severan eras of the Roman Empire, when gold aurei were frequently used, singly and in groups, as pendants in jewelry. The coins are frequently enclosed in elaborate gold openwork bezels, as seen here (and lot 584), a decorative technique known as opus interrasile.

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575. Julia Domna, with Caracalla. Augusta, AD 193-217. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.70 g, 12h). Dynastic issue. Rome mint. Struck under Septimius Severus, circa AD 201-206. Draped bust of Julia Domna right / Laureate and draped bust of Caracalla right. RIC IV 544 (Septimius); RSC 1. Toned, small edge split, couple minor deposits. VF. ($750) Ex Benito Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 114, 13 May 2020), lot 941.

576. Julia Domna, with Geta as Caesar. Augusta, AD 193-217. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.27 g, 12h). Dynastic issue. Rome mint. Struck under Septimius Severus, circa AD 201-205. Draped bust of Julia Domna right / Bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust of Geta right. RIC IV 571 (Septimius); RSC 1. Toned, minor porosity, a couple light marks. VF. ($500) Ex Benito Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 114, 13 May 2020), lot 942.

577. Julia Domna. Augusta, AD 193-217. Æ Sestertius (31mm, 26.52 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 215. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Felicitas, draped, standing facing, head left, holding long, vertical caduceus with left hand, and sacrificing out of patera in right hand over garlanded and lit altar to her left. RIC IV 590 (Caracalla); Banti 42. Dark green and brown patina with traces of red. EF. Attractive. ($2000) Ex Jack A. Frazer Collection (Triton XXIII, 14 January 2020), lot 797; James Fox Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 40, with Numismatica Ars Classica, 4 December 1996), lot 1573; Leu 50 (25 April 1990), lot 335.

578. Caracalla. AD 198-217. Æ As (25mm, 10.61 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 210. Laureate head right / Virtus standing left, right foot on helmet, holding parazonium and spear; to left, captive seated right at base of trophy. RIC IV 458. Dark green to black patina with traces of red. Near EF. ($750) Ex Jack A. Frazer Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 114, 13 May 2020), lot 943; Classical Numismatic Group 69 (8 June 2005), lot 1659.

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579. Caracalla. AD 198-217. Æ Sestertius (29.5mm, 23.84 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 214. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / “Adlocutio” scene: Caracalla, in military dress, standing right on low platform on left, raising right hand; with him on platform, to his left, officer standing right, to his right, officer standing facing; to right, Dacian bodyguard in short tunic and cloak standing right, holding falx, a second falx behind; to far right, two soldiers, helmeted in military dress, standing left, each holding an aquila in right hand and oblong shield in left; vexillum behind. RIC IV 525c; Banti 58; BMCRE p. 480, †. Toned brass surfaces with areas of green encrustation, flan crack. Near EF. Very rare. ($3000) In AD 214, the emperor Caracalla mustered a large legionary force intent on invading the rival Parthian Kingdom, which was riven by dynastic disputes. This sestertius depicts Caracalla and his officers atop a platform, addressing his soldiers prior to battle. An interesting feature is the presence of a guardsman standing at the foot of the platform, armed with a long, curved weapon, facing the mass of soldiery. The presence of another weapon behind implies there are several such bodyguards present. These are certainly a Dacian imperial guard, armed with their native weapon, a deadly two-handed sickle sword called the falx. Little is known about this elite unit aside from their appearance on coins and monuments of the late second and third centuries AD. The first Dacian unit in the Roman Army was Cohors I Aelia Dacorum, raised by Hadrian and stationed in northern Britannia. The Dacians depicted here, however, are clearly a different unit serving specifically as imperial guards, perhaps as a counterweight to the Praetorians. In the first century BC/AD, the German guard had performed a similar function. The Dacian guards are seen in a similar pose on the Column of Marcus Aurelius, indicating the unit was in place by the AD 170s.

580. Caracalla. AD 198-217. Æ Sestertius (31mm, 28.04 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 214. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Commodus seated left on sella castrensis between prefect of the praetorium on right and Liberalitas on left, holding abacus and cornucopia, attending the distribution of a gift to a citizen, climbing ladder, holding out mantel to receive it. RIC IV 527; Banti 23. Brown surfaces, hairline flan crack, minor smoothing. VF. ($750) From the Collection of a Gentleman, Kent, England.

581 582 581. Geta. As Caesar, AD 198-209. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.53 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 200-205. Bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Geta, in military dress, standing facing, head left, holding baton and scepter; trophy to right. RIC IV 18 var. (bust not cuirassed, holding branch on rev.); RSC 157b var. (bust not cuirassed). Lustrous with light toning, a couple of small deposits on obverse. In NGC encapsulation 4284623-009, graded MS, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. ($300) 582. Geta. AD 209-211. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.26 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 210. Laureate head right / Felicitas standing facing, head left, holding cornucopia and caduceus. RIC IV 69b; RSC 138. Lightly toned with underlying luster. In NGC encapsulation 4938345-029, graded MS, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 5/5. ($400) Ex Dr. Klaus Berthold Collection (Künker 318, 11 March 2019), lot 1446, purchased by him from Münzhandlung Javorschek, 1991.

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583. Elagabalus. AD 218-222. AV Aureus (20.5mm, 6.26 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 219. IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / FIDES EXERCITVS, Fides, draped, seated left on throne, holding eagle on extended right hand and vertical signum surmounted by hand in left; signum to left. RIC IV 69; Thirion 31; Calicó 2992 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 10; Adda –Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini –. Some scrapes and edge marks, traces of earthen deposits. EF. Rare. Missing from most private collections. ($5000)

Severus Alexander in Attractive Ancient Pendant

584. Severus Alexander. AD 222-235. AV Aureus bezel set in ancient gold pendant (28.5 x 34.5mm, 10.25 g, 12h). Rome mint. 2nd emission, late AD 222. IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / IOVI CONSE R VATORI, Jupiter, naked except for cloak hanging behind him over both arms, standing front, head left, holding thunderbolt in right hand and vertical spear in left. RIC IV 140 (same dies as illustration); Calicó 3056; BMCRE 55 (same dies); Biaggi 1304. Some deposits, hairlines on the reverse of the coin, scrape on the reverse of the bezel. Good VF. Wearable. ($10,000) See lot 574 for an aureus of Julia Domna in a similar setting.

585 586 585. Severus Alexander. AD 222-235. Æ Sestertius (29mm, 19.64 g, 20h). Rome mint. Special emission, AD 229. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Severus Alexander driving triumphal quadriga right, holding eagle-tipped scepter and reins. RIC IV 495; BMCRE 575-6; Banti 93. Dark green patina with touches of red, some minor smoothing. EF. ($1000) Ex CNG Inventory 793918 (June 2007). This issue was struck in commemoration of Alexander’s assumption of his third consulship.

586. Orbiana. Augusta, AD 225-227. Æ Sestertius (28mm, 25.22 g, 12h). Rome mint. Special marriage emission of Severus Alexander, AD 225. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Concordia, draped, seated left on throne, holding patera with her extended right hand and cradling double cornucopia in left arm. RIC IV 655 (Alexander); BMCRE 293-4 (Alexander); Banti 1. Dark green and brown patina with touches of red, traces of triple strike on reverse on patera. VF. Pleasing surfaces. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 85 (15 September 2010), lot 986.

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587. Julia Mamaea. Augusta, AD 222-235. Æ As (26mm, 11.32 g, 1h). Rome mint. 9th emission of Severus Alexander, AD 228. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Felicitas standing facing, head left, legs crossed, holding caduceus with her right hand and resting left arm on short column. RIC IV 677 (Alexander); BMCRE 495 (Alexander). Attractive green patina with traces of deposits, slight doubling on reverse. Choice EF. Well centered on a round flan. ($1500)

588. Diva Paulina. Died before AD 235. AR Denarius (20mm, 2.71 g, 12h). Consecration issue. Rome mint. 2nd emission of Maximinus I, AD 236. Veiled and draped bust right / Peacock standing facing, head left, tail spread. RIC IV 1 (Maximinus); BMCRE 135 (Maximinus); RSC 1. Lightly toned with soft matte surfaces. Near EF. Pleasing portrait. ($1000) Ex Künker 318 (11 March 2019), lot 1511. As with many other empresses of the later Roman Empire, very little is known about Caecilia Paulina, wife of Maximinus I Thrax. Maximinus is said to have worn his wife’s bracelet as a ring on his thumb, an anecdote intended to emphasize his enormous size. Paulina died either before her husband’s accession or shortly thereafter, as all her coins are posthumous and name her as Diva, or goddess. Some of her portraits appear to be feminized versions of her husband, although this example has a more delicate and distinctive visage.

589. Maximus. Caesar, AD 235/6-238. AR Denarius (21mm, 3.48 g, 11h). Rome mint. 3rd emission of Maximinus I, late AD 236-237. Bareheaded and draped bust right / Maximus standing left, holding baton and spear; to right, two signa. RIC IV 3; BMCRE 211-2 (Maximinus); RSC 10. Lightly toned, weakly struck on reverse. Near EF. Attractive portrait. ($300)

590. Balbinus. AD 238. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.38 g, 6h). Rome mint. 1st emission. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Balbinus standing facing, head left, holding branch and parazonium. RIC IV 5; BMCRE 26-7; RSC 20. Lustrous, some weakness of strike and a couple faint scratches on the reverse. Near EF. ($500) 168


591 592 591. Gordian III. AD 238-244. AV Aureus (20mm, 4.85 g, 12h). Rome mint, 2nd officina. 2nd emission, 1st phase, early AD 239. IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / P M TR P II COS P P, Jupiter standing facing, head left, holding thunderbolt and his mantle in right hand over small figure of Gordian at his feet to left and long scepter in left. RIC IV 21; Calicó 3211a (same dies as illustration); Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini –. Lustrous, light scratches, a couple of small flan flaws on obverse. EF. Rare. ($3000) 592. Gordian III. AD 238-244. AV Aureus (20mm, 4.77  g, 6h). Rome mint, 4th officina. 2nd emission, 1st phase, early AD 239. IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / P M TR P II COS P P, Providentia standing left, holding globe in right hand and transverse scepter in left. RIC IV 23 (same rev. die as illustration); Calicó 3213 (same rev. die as illustration); Adda 474; Biaggi 1362 (same rev. die); Mazzini 195 (same rev. die). Lustrous, light smoothing and tooling on obverse. EF. ($3000)

593. Philip I. AD 244-249. AV Aureus (20.5mm, 4.32 g, 6h). Rome mint. 2nd emission, AD 245. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / P M TR P II COS P P, Philip I, laureate and togate, seated left on curule chair, holding globe in right hand and short scepter in left. RIC IV 2; Bland, Gold 14 (dies PI 11/TRP II 03); Calicó 3254; Biaggi 1381. Lustrous, a few light marks. Near EF. Rare. ($15,000)

594. Otacilia Severa. Augusta, AD 244-249. Æ Sestertius (29.5mm, 18.67 g, 12h). Rome mint, 4th officina. 5th emission of Philip I, AD 246. MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane / CONCORDIA AVGG, S C in exergue, Concordia enthroned left, holding patera and double cornucopia. RIC IV 203a (Philip I); Banti 4. Attractive olive green patina with traces of red. EF. ($750) Ex Jack A. Frazer Collection; CNG Inventory 52413 (February 1995). Marcia Otacilia Severa was born into a senatorial family early in the third century AD. In about AD 234 she married Marcus Julius Philippus, a Praetorian officer of Arabic descent. Philip rose through the ranks and by AD 244 had become Praetorian Prefect, whereupon, during an arduous campaign against the Persians, he orchestrated a coup against the weak boy Emperor Gordian III and seized the throne for himself. Upon returning to Rome, Philip raised Otacilia to the title of Augusta and appointed their eldest son, Philip II, as Caesar. Tradition holds that Otacilia favored the Christians, or was a Christian herself, based on the relative toleration enjoyed by the new faith during their five-year reign, but her coinage honors the traditional Roman deities.

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Pacatian the Usurper

595. Pacatian. Usurper, circa AD 248-249. AR Antoninianus (22mm, 2.91 g, 6h). Viminacium mint. IMP TI MAR PACATIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / FIDES MIL[ITV]M, Fides standing left, holding signum in each hand. Cf. RIC IV 3; cf. Szaivert, Beginn 5; cf. RSC 4. Toned, typical porosity and crude strike, some chipping at edge. Fine. Very rare. ($3000) Very little is known of the usurper Tiberius Claudius Marinus Pacatianus, who seized power in Upper Moesia in AD 248. Most of our information about Pacatian comes from his coinage. Viminacium is the most probable site for his mint, and a comparison with the local aes coinage shows remarkable similarity of style. Seven different reverses were used on the antoniniani of Pacatian – Concordia, Felicitas, Fides, Fortuna, Pax, Roma and Victory – all common themes in the third century. Such a variety of reverse types would suggest a large issue of coins, though today all coins of Pacatian are very rare, with only about 100 specimens of all varieties known. This coin comes with a certificate of authenticity from Rasiel Suarez, no. 655.

596. Pacatian. Usurper, circa AD 248-249. AR Antoninianus (22mm, 3.52 g, 1h). Viminacium mint. 1st emission. IMP TI CL MAR PACATIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / PAX AETER[NA], Pax standing left, holding olive branch in right hand and transverse scepter in left. RIC IV 5a; Szaivert, Beginn 4; RSC 6a. Granular surfaces, a few marks. Near VF. Very rare. ($4000)

Jotapian the Usurper – Bland Plate Coin

597. Jotapian. Usurper, circa AD 248-249. Antoninianus (21.5mm, 3.50 g, 12h). Nicopolis in Seleucia mint. IM C M F R IOTΛPIΛNVS ΛV, radiate and cuirassed bust right / VICT OR I A AV G, Victory advancing left, holding wreath in right hand and palm frond in left. RIC IV 2 var. (obv. legend); Bland 8a (Obv. die IV/Rev. die v – this coin); RSC 1 var. (same). Toned, typical rough surfaces. Near VF. Very rare. ($5000) Ex George C. Hopkins Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 114, 6 May 2019), lot 794; Lanz 26 (5 December 1983), lot 822. Jotapian led a short-lived revolt in Syria in the autumn of AD 249 while Philip I was still emperor. Little is known of Jotapian’s background. It was said that he boasted of a relationship to Severus Alexander, and his unusual name, although otherwise unknown for a man, is attested in its feminine form “Jotape” in the royal houses of Commagene and Emesa. The extreme rarity of his coins indicates that the revolt was brief, and the crude style proves that the revolt was geographically confined, for Jotapian plainly did not control a major Roman mint. His head was brought to Rome and shown to Trajan Decius “as was customary, although Decius had not asked for it” (Aur. Vict., Caes. 29.4). In his corpus of Jotapian’s coins, Bland knew of eighteen genuine antoniniani in total, including this coin.

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598. Trajan Decius. AD 249-251. Æ Sestertius (28mm, 18.04 g, 12h). Rome mint, 5th officina. 2nd-3rd emissions, AD 249-250. Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm frond. RIC IV 126d; Banti 31. Green and brown patina, some smoothing. Good VF. Finely styled portrait. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 50 (23 June 1999), lot 307.

599. Aemilian. AD 253. AR Antoninianus (20mm, 3.89 g, 6h). Rome mint. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / PACI AVG, Pax standing left, legs crossed and leaning on column, holding olive branch and scepter. RIC IV 8; RSC 26. Light porosity, minor copper oxide on reverse. Near EF. ($300)

600. Diva Mariniana. Died before AD 253. AR Antoninianus (21mm, 3.29 g, 11h). Consecration issue. Rome mint. 2nd3rd emissions of Valerian and Gallienus, AD 255-257. Veiled and draped bust right, set on crescent / Peacock standing facing, head left, tail in splendor. RIC IV 3; MIR 36, 216b; RSC 3. Lightly toned. In NGC encapsulation 5769053-012, graded MS, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. ($400)

601. Marius. Romano-Gallic Emperor, AD 269. Antoninianus (18mm, 3.00 g, 12h). Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint. 2nd emission, circa mid AD 269. Radiate and cuirassed bust right / Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm frond. RIC V 17; Mairat 239-40; AGK 7b. Toned silvering. EF. Well struck on both sides. Wonderful portrait. ($300) Ex 2013 South Petherton, Somerset, Hoard (CHRB XIV [forthcoming]). On Wednesday 13 November 2013, amateur archaeologist George Hughes was investigating some farm land near South Petherton in South Somerset, England, when he discovered a hoard of 7565 coins. Upon inspection, the hoard was declared to be Treasure, and much of the hoard was acquired by the British Museum and the Somerset County Museum; the coins offered here were returned to the finder. The hoard, which consisted almost entirely of antoniniani, had been in the ground since AD 274, when they had been buried in a bag during the fall of the Gallic Empire. The lion’s share of the coins – over 3000 – were issued by Victorinus; only 81 of the coins in the group were issued by Marius. Although the Historia Augusta claims that Marius reigned for a grand total of three days before being killed (Eutropius and Aurelius Victor say it was a mere two days), the sheer volume of coins issued by him quickly disproves that theory; the actual duration is more likely to be a few months. His full name, Marcus Aurelius Marius, was thought to indicate his suitability to rule, evoking as it did the Emperor Marcus Aurelius and the Republican statesman Gaius Marius. A former blacksmith, Marius was allegedly killed by a soldier using a sword that Marius himself had forged.

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602. Marius. Romano-Gallic Emperor, AD 269. Antoninianus (19mm, 3.60 g, 12h). Treveri (Trier) mint. 2nd emission, circa mid AD 269. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Clasped right hands. RIC V 7; Mairat 232-4 var. (rev. legend); AGK 3b. Toned silvering, areas of minor porosity on reverse, slight edge irregularity. EF. Well struck. ($300) Ex 2013 South Petherton, Somerset, Hoard (CHRB XIV [forthcoming]).

603. Marius. Romano-Gallic Emperor, AD 269. Antoninianus (18mm, 1.74 g, 6h). Treveri (Trier) mint. 2nd emission, circa mid AD 269. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia. RIC V 10; Mairat 235-7; AGK 4b. Toned silvering. Near EF. Excellent portrait. ($300) Ex 2013 South Petherton, Somerset, Hoard (CHRB XIV [forthcoming]).

The Usurper Zenobia

604. Zenobia. Usurper, AD 268-272. Antoninianus (20mm, 3.64 g, 5h). Antioch mint, 8th officina. 2nd emission, MarchMay AD 272. [S] ZЄNOBIA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, set on crescent / IVNO RЄGINA, Juno standing left, holding patera in right hand and scepter in left; at feet to left, peacock standing left, head right; *|–//H. Cf. RIC V 2; RIC V Online 3129; Bland, Coinage 30 (dies – [unlisted obv. die]/Jun v); BN pl. 86, 289. Green patina, earthen encrustation, scratch on reverse. VF. Rare. ($5000) Although usually portrayed as an anti-Roman nativist uprising, the rebellion of the Palmyran Queen Zenobia was curiously compliant with Roman titles and governmental structures. Septimia Zenobia was the second wife of Odenathus, the hereditary nas (lord) of Palmyra, a wealthy caravan city in eastern Syria. As the Roman Empire crumbled under a torrent of calamities after AD 260, Odenathus undertook to defend Syria against the Sasanian Persians, ostensibly as viceroy of the Roman emperor Gallienus. Odenathus and his eldest son were assassinated in AD 267, after which Zenobia seized power as queen regent for their younger son, the 10-year-old Vabalathus. In late AD 270, Zenobia sent the Palmyran army to secure control of greater Syria and Egypt, bringing the mints of Antioch and Alexandria under her control. Coins were struck depicting Vabalathus, with the titles Vir Clarissimus, Rex, Imperator, Dux Romanorum, paired with the current Emperor Aurelian, who was styled Imperator Caesar Augustus. It is uncertain whether Aurelian ever granted the tacit recognition this coinage implies, but by AD 272 he had clearly decided to suppress the Palmyran regime. Zenobia reacted by having Vabalathus proclaimed Augustus and herself took the title of Augusta, or Empress. Zenobia appears on this antoninianus of Antioch with the same trappings as previous Roman empresses, a helmet-like coif of hair adorned with a simple headpiece called a stephane. The reverse depicts a Roman goddess, Junio Regina (”Queen Juno”), perhaps as an avatar for her own claimed authority. Even if she had beaten Aurelian, Zenobia would have likely ruled on the Roman model, using the well-entrenched bureaucracy already in place. As it happened, Aurelian’s forces rapidly reclaimed Zenobia’s conquests, defeated her army outside of Palmyra, and captured her as she attempted flight to Persia. Her coinage in Antioch only lasted two or three months at most, accounting for its rarity today.

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605. Diocletian. AD 284-305. Æ Medallion (36mm, 26.48 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 286-293. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust left, slight drapery, breastplate ornamented with gorgoneion, holding spear with his right hand over his right shoulder / MONETA I OVI ET HERCVLI AV GG, Moneta standing facing, head left, holding balance and cornucopia, pile of coins at her feet to left; to left, Jupiter standing facing, head right, holding thunderbolt and scepter; to right, Hercules standing facing, head left, holding apple and grounded club, lion skin draped over his left arm. Gnecchi II, 26 (pl. 125, 7); Tocci 87 (pl. XXIX, LIII – same dies); Grueber 9 (pl. LV, 262) for reverse type; Froehner p. 257; Cohen 337; Michel-Max Bendenoun (editor), Coins of the Ancient World – History’s Priceless Treasures: A Portrait of the JDL Collection, 87 (same dies). Dark brown surfaces with traces of gilding. Rare. In NGC encapsulation 4938322-002, graded VF, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5, light marks. ($3000) The unusual reverse composition of this medallion, Juno Moneta flanked by Jupiter and Hercules, mimics the iconic “Tres Monetae” type. Jocelyn Toynbee suggests that this type was intended as “...a dedication of the imperial mint to the Emperors’ heavenly patrons, who bless financial administration and reforms.” A most probable explanation given Diocletian’s tendency to celebrate the religious significance for almost every facet of his reign.

606. Diocletian. AD 284-305. AV Aureus (17mm, 5.42 g, 12h). Aquileia mint. Struck circa AD 294-303. DIOCLETI ANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / CONCORDIA AVGG ET CAESS NNNN, Concordia seated left on high-backed throne, holding patera with right hand, cradling double cornucopia with left; AQ. RIC VI 2a; P&Z 1; Depeyrot 1/2; Calicó 4425; Biaggi 1693; Mazzini 26; Gorny & Mosch 257, lot 956 (same dies). Lustrous. Good VF. High relief portrait. ($5000) Ex Provence Collection.

607. Maximianus. First reign, AD 286-305. AR Argenteus (18mm, 3.72 g, 6h). Ticinum mint. Struck circa AD 295. Laureate head right / VICTORIA SARMAT, four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before city enclosure with six turrets. RIC VI 16b; Jeločnik 37; RSC 548d. Light iridescent toning. EF. ($750)

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Two Very Rare Issues From Rome

608. Maximianus. First reign, AD 286-305. Æ Semis (20mm, 4.16 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 286. IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / IOVI CON SE RVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter. RIC V 535 var. (obv. legend). Green patina. Good VF. Very rare. ($750) Ex Property of Princeton Economics acquired by Martin Armstrong (Classical Numismatic Group 90, 23 May 2012), lot 1704; Numismatica Ars Classica 15 (18 May 1999), lot 464 (listing incorrect legend on coin and in RIC).

609. Maximianus. First reign, AD 286-305. Æ Semis (21.5mm, 3.86 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 286. IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VIRTV S AVGG, Hercules standing right, holding club, bow, and lion’s skin. RIC V 537 var. (obv. legend with IMP C). Dark green patina, some rlight roughness. VF. Very rare denomination. ($500) Ex New York Sale XI (11 January 2006), lot 349.

610. Constantius I. As Caesar, AD 293-305. AR Argenteus (20mm, 3.58 g, 12h). Siscia mint. Struck circa AD 300. CONSTANT IVS NOB C, laureate head right / VIRTVS MILITVM, three-turreted camp gate without doors; *SIS. RIC VI 67a; Jeločnik –; RSC 320a. Superb EF, iridescent tone around devices, tiny die break on obverse, minor doubling at periphery of reverse. ($750) Ex CNG Inventory 887663 (February 2011); Triton XIV (4 January 2011), lot 819.

611. Galerius. As Caesar, AD 293-305. AR Argenteus (19mm, 3.54 g, 5h). Thessalonica mint, 3rd officina. Struck circa AD 302. Laureate head right / VIRTV S MI LITVM •, four-turreted camp gate with doors; star above arch; TS• Γ•. RIC VI 12b; RSC 227. Lustrous with a hint of toning. In NGC encapsulation 4284623-007, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. Rare. ($750) Ex Roma XVI (26 September 2018), lot 803.

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612. Galerius. As Caesar, AD 293-305. AR Argenteus (17.5mm, 3.37 g, 12h). Nicomedia mint, 3rd officina. Struck circa AD 295. Laureate head right / VIRTVTI MILITVM, four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before city enclosure with six turrets; SMNΓ. RIC VI 20; Gautier, Trouvaille 61–4; RSC 234Ab. Lustrous. In NGC encapsulation 4284624-005, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($750) Ex William Whetstone Collection (Triton XXII, 8 January 2019), lot 1168, purchased from John Jencek.

Rare Large Camp Gate Follis

613. Galerius. AD 305-311. Æ Follis (28.5mm, 7.08 g, 6h). Cyzicus mint, 2nd officina. Struck circa AD 308. IMP GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / VIRTVS MILITVM, camp gate with open arched entrance with raised gate, surmounted by four tripod beacons; MKB. RIC VI 39. Dark dark green/black patina, some minor deposits. EF. Rare. ($500) Ex Jack A. Frazer Collection; Berk BBS 100 (29 January 1998), lot 546 (paid $2,000). The various depictions of camp gates on Roman coinage feature a few puzzling details. Some gates are clearly crenelated, with squarish projections at the top. In this case and many others, though, the top of the gate is flat, surmounted by between two and four globular objects, each resting on tripod legs. These are almost certainly not projecting “turrets,” as they are often described. In fact they most resemble the tripod lebes (also seen on many Roman coins) used to perform sacrifices. Since a sacrificial function seems unlikely in this military context, it is plausible to suppose that these represent either lamps or signaling beacons.

614. Galeria Valeria. Augusta, AD 293(?)-311. Æ Follis (25mm, 6.21 g, 6h). Alexandria mint, 6th officina. Struck under Galerius, late AD 308. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Venus standing left, holding up apple and raising drapery over shoulder; X|ς/K//ALE. RIC VI 81. Rich brown patina, with hues of green. Near EF. Well struck. ($300) Ex Morton & Eden (18 April 2002), lot 46 (part of).

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615. Divus Romulus. Died AD 309. Æ Follis (22mm, 6.58 g, 12h). Rome mint, 4th officina. 5th emission of Maxentius, phase 2, AD 310-early 311. Bare head right / Domed shrine, with one door ajar; above, eagle standing right, head left, with one wing spread; RBQ. RIC VI 207; Drost 116a. Dark gray and green patina. Near EF. ($500) Ex Künker 326 (7 October 2019), lot 1618.

Unrecorded Licinius Aureus

616. Licinius I. AD 308-324. AV Aureus (20mm, 5.24 g, 12h). Quinquennalia issue. Antioch mint. Struck late AD 313. LICIN IVS P F AVG, laureate head right / IOVI CONSER VATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing facing, head left, holding Victory on globe in right hand and grounded scepter in left; at feet to left, eagle standing left, head right, holding wreath in beak; Q / II//SM A (Σ retrograde). RIC –; Depeyrot –; Calicó –. Light scratches, slightly wavy flan. Good VF. Apparently unpublished and hitherto unrecorded. ($7500) Ex Provence Collection. This aureus variety is unrecorded for Licinius from Antioch. The Q/II in the right field dates it securely to the year of his quinquennalia (fifth anniversary of rule), AD 312-313, following the death of Maximinus Daza, who controlled the Antioch mint until the autumn of that year. The portrait is clearly carried over from that of Maximinus with no modification. The mark of value in the exergue (retrograde Σ = 60, indicating struck at 60 to the Roman pound) was also employed for the last time at Antioch in 313.

Martinian the Usurper

617. Martinian. Usurper, AD 324. Æ Follis (21mm, 3.08 g, 6h). Nicomedia mint, 4th officina. D N M MARTINIANO P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / IOVI CONS ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe in right hand, eagle-tipped scepter in left; to left, eagle standing left, head right, holding wreath in its beak; to right, bound captive kneeling right; –|X/IIΓ//SMNΔ. RIC VII 46; Hunter 1 var. (officina). Dark green patina, some roughness, shallow scratches, and earthen deposits. Near VF. Rare. ($2500) Proof that history does repeat itself can be found in the sad tale of Martinian, a puppet ruler installed by the Eastern Roman Emperor Licinius in the midst of his second civil war against Constantine I “the Great.” Martinian was of obscure origins, but by the mid AD 320s he had risen to become the chief minister of Licinius, just as it became apparent that a final clash with Constantine was imminent. Though Licinius had a bigger army, Constantine was much the better general and inflicted a heavy defeat on his rival in Thrace on July 3, AD 324. Crossing to Chalcedon, Licinius declared Constantine deposed and raised Martinian to the office of Augustus, with instructions to prevent Constantine from crossing into Asia Minor. Constantine easily evaded Martinian’s blocking force, landed in Asia and cornered Licinius at Nicomedia. Having no choice, Licinius surrendered on terms brokered by his wife (and Constantine’s sister) Constantia. Martinian went into exile in Cappadocia, but was executed a few months later when Licinius was detected plotting a return to power. Seven years before, under virtually identical circumstances, Licinius had appointed Valerius Valens to a similar role, with almost identical results. Like those of Valerius Valens, coins of Martinian are quite rare and limited to a single issue from the mint of Nicomedia. The reverse evokes “Jupiter the Protector,” Licinius’ patron deity, who notably failed to protect him and Martinian from the wrath of Constantine.

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Constantine’s Dynastic Hopes

618. Constantine I, with Crispus and Constantine II Caesars. AD 307/310-337. AR Miliarense (21.5mm, 4.09 g, 6h). Sirmium mint. Struck AD 320. CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, bare head of Constantine I right / CRISPVS ET CONSTANTINVS CC, confronted bareheaded busts of Crispus and Constantine II; SIRM. RIC VII 14; Gnecchi p. 59, 1 & pl. 29, 8; Bastien, Donativa, p. 76, note 11; RSC 3. Toned, minor edge chip. EF. Rare. ($4000) This rare dynastic type, struck at the Danubian mint of Sirmium, depicts on the reverse Constantine’s two elder sons — Flavius Julius Crispus, the issue of his liaison with one Minervina (his first wife or perhaps concubine), and Flavius Claudius Constantinus, the eldest of his three sons by Flavia Maxima Fausta, daughter of the emperor Maximianus. The bust of Crispus, who was probably aged between 18 and 25 at the time of the issue, is depicted larger and more mature than that of his half-brother, who was likely only three or four. This base silver coin, which is sometimes described as a ‘small medallion’ or a ‘multiple,’ is of an experimental denomination, which preceded the reintroduction of pure silver coinage circa AD 325. It should probably be called a miliarense (or miliarensis), which is the name applied to the pure silver coin of similar weight (4.5 grams = 1/72 of a pound) struck regularly after AD 325. Constantine’s dynastic hopes for Crispus were dashed six years after this issue when he abruptly ordered his eldest son’s execution under circumstances that remain mysterious.

619. Constans. AD 337-350. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.25 g, 6h). Decennalia issue. Treveri (Trier) mint. Struck AD 347-348. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Two Victories standing facing one another, holding wreath inscribed VOT/ X/ MVLT/ XX between them; TR. RIC VIII 135; Depeyrot 6/3. Underlying luster, scattered light marks. EF. ($1500) Ex Morton & Eden 96 (24 October 2018), lot 397.

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Paolucci and Zub Plate Coin

620. Constantius II. AD 337-361. AV Heavy Solidus (23.5mm, 5.28 g, 12h). Vicennalia issue. Aquileia mint. Struck AD 343-344. CONSTANTI VS AVGVSTVS, laurel and rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; all within laurel wreath / VICTORIAE DD NN AVGG, Victory seated right on cuirass, supporting on her left knee a shield inscribed VOT/ XX/ MVLT/ XXX in four lines; to right, small genius standing left supporting the shield; SMAQ; all within laurel wreath. Cf. RIC VIII 44 (for a normal weight solidus of the same type); P&Z 436 (this coin); cf. Depeyrot 4/1 (same). Underlying luster, light roughness on obverse, traces of deposits. Near EF. Very rare. ($15,000) Ex Münzen und Medaillen AG 66 (22 October 1984), lot 865. This issue, struck on the occasion of the vicennalia of Constantius II, is distinguished by the crown which surrounds the design features on both the obverse and the reverse. Gold crowns were offered to the emperor by the cities on the occasion of regal anniversaries. The aurum coronarium became a tax intended to finance the expenses occasioned by these festivities. This issue was struck at a heavier weight of sixty pieces to the Roman pound, rather than the usual seventy-two.

621. Valentinian I. AD 364-375. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.39 g, 5h). Antioch mint, 5th officina. Struck AD 365. Rosettediademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Valentinian standing right, holding labarum with cross on banner and Victory on globe; ANTЄ*. RIC IX 2bxxx.3; Depeyrot 22/1. Lustrous, scratches. EF. ($1000) Ex Gorny & Mosch 211 (4 March 2013), lot 692 (hammer €2000).

622. Valentinian II. AD 375-392. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.46 g, 5h). Treveri (Trier) mint, 2nd officina. Struck mid AD 377-mid 380. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Valentinian II and Gratian enthroned facing, holding a globe between them; above throne, Victory facing with wings spread; palm frond between; TROBS. RIC IX 49c; Depeyrot 47/3. Toned, light marks. Near EF. ($1500) Ex Roma E-Sale 54 (28 February 2019), lot 933; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 417 (November/December 1979), no. 34.

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623. Valentinian II. AD 375-392. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 6th officina. Struck AD 388-392. Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, foot on prow, holding scepter and globe; S//CONOB. RIC IX 67a.1; Depeyrot 46/2. Some faint scratches, minor deposits on obverse. EF. ($1500)

625 624 624. Arcadius. AD 383-408. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Quinquennalia issue. Constantinople mint, 8th officina. Struck AD 388-392. Rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Constantinopolis seated right, foot on prow, holding scepter and shield inscribed VOT/ V/ MVL/ X in four lines; H//CONOB. RIC IX 70c.4; Depeyrot 47/3. Lustrous, scratches. EF. ($1500) 625. Arcadius. AD 383-408. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 4th officina. Struck AD 395-402. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / Constantinopolis seated right, holding scepter and Victory on globe, foot on prow; Δ//CONOB. RIC X 7; Depeyrot 55/1. A few shallow scratches and faint hairlines on reverse. Near EF. ($500)

626. Arcadius. AD 383-408. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.42 g, 5h). Constantinople mint, 9th officina. Struck AD 395-402. Pearldiademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / Constantinopolis seated right, holding scepter and Victory on globe, foot on prow; Θ//CONOB. RIC X 7; Depeyrot 55/1. Faint hairlines. Near EF. ($500)

627. Eugenius. AD 392-394. AR Siliqua (18mm, 1.93 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory on globe and reversed spear; LVGPS. RIC IX 46; Lyon 230; RSC 18A. Iridescent tone, areas of minor porosity on obverse, thin die break on reverse. VF. ($500) Ex Bolaffi 34 (30 May 2019), lot 603.

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628. Honorius. AD 393-423. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.41 g, 6h). Mediolanum (Milan) mint. Struck AD 397-402. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Honorius standing right, holding labarum and Victory on globe, foot on captive; M|D//COMOB. RIC IX 35c = RIC X 1206a; Toffanin 486/2; Depeyrot 16/2. Lustrous, a few faint hairlines. Near EF. ($750)

629. Honorius. AD 393-423. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.46 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Struck circa AD 403-408. Pearldiademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield, Staurogram on chest plate / Constantinopolis seated facing, head right, holding spear and Victory on globe, right foot on prow of galley left; star in left field; COMOB. RIC X 43; Depeyrot 46/2. Lustrous. Near EF. ($750)

Rare Thessalonica Issue

630. Theodosius II. AD 402-450. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. AD 408-420. D N THEODO SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / CONCORDI A AVGG, Constantinopolis seated facing, head right, holding in left hand globe surmounted by crowning Victory and scepter in right, right foot on prow; eight-pointed star in left field, TЄSOB. RIC X 358 (R4); Depeyrot 50/2 variant. Deeply struck and lustrous. Choice EF. Extremely rare, only one other example in CoinArchives. ($1500) Thessalonican mint solidi of Theodosius II are often referred to as rare. In general they are not, in fact, particularly rare. This example, however, RIC X 358, appears to be exceedingly rare, rated as R4 (one step below unique) in RIC, with only a single other specimen noted in CoinArchives.

631. Theodosius II. AD 402-450. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 6th officina. Struck AD 408420. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, foot on prow, holding scepter and Victory on globe; star to left; ς//CONOB. RIC X 202; Depeyrot 73/2. Flan flaw on obverse, some faint hairlines. EF. ($1000) Ex Dr. Anton C. R. Dreesmann Collection (Part I, 13 April 2000), lot 310.

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632. Theodosius II. AD 402-450. AR Miliarense (23mm, 4.31 g, 11h). Constantinople mint. Struck circa AD 408-420. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left / Theodosius II, nimbate, wearing military attire and draped, standing facing, head left, gesturing with raised right hand and holding globe in left; *|-//CON. RIC X 370; RSC 20A. Attractive iridescent tone, a few minor marks. EF. Wonderful portrait. ($2000) Ex Roma XI (7 April 2016), lot 893; Künker 216 (8 October 2012), lot 1353 (hammer €3400); Roma II (2 October 2011), lot 799.

633 634 633. Theodosius II. AD 402-450. AR Light Miliarense (24mm, 4.15 g, 12h). Constantinople mint. Struck circa AD 408420. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left / Theodosius II, nimbate, wearing military attire and draped, standing facing, head left, gesturing with raised right hand and holding globe in left; *|-//CON. RIC X 370; RSC 20A. Attractively toned, a few minor marks and scratches under tone, edge scrape and marks. Near EF. ($1500) 634. Valentinian III. AD 425-455. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.46 g, 12h). Ravenna mint. Struck AD 426-430. Rosettediademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Valentinian, foot on human-headed serpent, standing facing, holding long cross in right hand and Victory on globe in left; R|V//COMOB. RIC X 2010; Ranieri 95; Depeyrot 17/1. Scratch on obverse. Good VF. ($500)

635. Marcian. AD 450-457. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.49 g, 5h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck AD 450-457. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield / Victory standing left, holding long, jeweled cross; star to right; Z//CONOB. RIC X 510; Depeyrot 87/1. Lustrous. In NGC encapsulation 4167138-003, graded Ch MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($750)

636. Leo II, with Zeno. AD 474. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.46 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman motif / Leo and Zeno seated facing on double throne, each holding mappa; star and cross above; CONOB. RIC X 803; Depeyrot 98/1. A few minor marks. Good VF. ($1500)

End of Session 2 181


Session 3 – Wednesday, May 20, 2021 — 9 AM

BYZANTINE COINAGE

637. Anastasius I. 491-518. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.35 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Struck 507-518. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield / Victory standing left, holding staff surmounted by reversed staurogram; star to left; I//CONOB. DOC 7j; MIBE 7; SB 5. Light scratches, edge mark, slight wave in flan. Near EF. ($500) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver, purchased from Seaby, 10 May 1984, for £220.

638. Justin I. 518-527. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 6th officina. Struck 518-519. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield / Victory standing left, holding long staff surmounted by reversed staurogram in right hand; star in left field; S//CONOB. DOC 1e; MIBE 2; SB 55. Lustrous, a couple light scratches. Near EF. ($500) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver, purchased from Seaby, 27 July 1982 for £220.

639. Justin I. 518-527. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Struck 522-527. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield / Angel standing facing, holding long cross and globus cruciger, star to right; I//CONOB. DOC 2i; MIBE 3; SB 56. Lightly toned with underlying luster. Choice EF. ($1000) Ex Peter J. Merani Collection. Jürgen K. Schmidt Collection (Triton V, 16 January 2002), lot 2252; “An Important Private Collection of Byzantine Coins” (Sotheby’s, 2 November 1998), lot 62.

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640. Justin I & Justinian I. 527. AV Solidus (19.5mm, 4.16 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 8th officina. Struck 4 April-1 August. Justin and Justinian seated facing on throne with straight back and no crossbar, each with hands clasped before chest; CONOB / Angel standing facing, holding long cross with right hand and globus cruciger in left; star in right field; H//CONOB. DOC 1a var. (unlisted officina); MIBE 2a; Metcalf, Joint, Group IIa, 31-5 var. (same); SB 115 var. (same). Lustrous, a few light marks and scratches. Good VF. Extremely rare officina. ($2000)

641. Justin I & Justinian I. 527. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 8th officina. Struck 4 April-1 August. Justin and Justinian seated facing on throne with straight back and crossbar, each holding globus in left hand; cross between heads; CONOB / Angel standing facing, holding long cross with right hand and globus cruciger in left; star in right field; H//CONOB. DOC 3 var. (unlisted officina); MIBE 2c; Metcalf, Joint, Group IIc, 45-8; SB 118 var. (same). Lustrous, small edge scuff, metal flaw and minor die break on reverse. Near EF. Rare. ($2500)

642. Justinian I. 527-565. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.46 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 1st officina. Struck 527-537. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield / Angel standing facing, holding long cross and globus cruciger, star to right; A//CONOB. DOC 3a; MIBE 5; SB 137. Lustrous. Choice EF. A superb example. ($750) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver, purchased from Sovereign Rarities, 15 May 2018.

643 644 643. Justin II. 565-578. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.50 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 3rd officina. Struck 567-578. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe surmounted by Victory and shield / Constantinopolis seated facing on throne, head right, holding scepter and globus cruciger; Γ//CONOB. DOC 4 var. (unlisted officina); MIBE 5; SB 345. Lustrous. In NGC encapsulation 4374463-003, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($400) 644. Tiberius II Constantine. 578-582. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck 578582. Crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield / Cross potent set upon four steps; Z//CONOB. DOC 4g; MIBE 4; SB 422. Bright surfaces. In NGC encapsulation 6154965-003, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5, brushed. ($750) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver. Ex Morton and Eden 84 (2 December 2016), lot 660.

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645. Tiberius II Constantine. 578-582. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 8th officina. Struck 579582. Crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield / Cross potent set on four steps; H//CONOB. DOC 4h; MIBE 4; SB 422. Lustrous, trace of obverse die rust. EF. ($750) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Nomos 18 (5 May 2019), lot 358.

646. Tiberius II Constantine. 578-582. AV Tremissis (16.5mm, 1.51 g, 6h). Ravenna mint. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Cross potent; CONOB. DOC 64; MIBE 17; Ranieri 445; SB 470. Minor deposits. EF. ($500) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver. Ex Spink 215 (4 December 2012), lot 756.

647. Maurice Tiberius. 582-602. AV Solidus (23mm, 4.50 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 2nd officina. Struck 583601. Helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger / Angel standing facing, holding long cross and globus cruciger, star to right; B//CONOB. DOC 5b; MIBE 6; SB 478. Lustrous. EF. A full weight example struck on a broad flan. ($750) Ex Peter J. Merani Collection. Coin Galleries (12 April 2000), lot 27.

648. Maurice Tiberius. 582-602. AV Solidus (16mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Carthage mint, 1st officina. Dated IY 15 (AD 596/7). D N mAVRI C TЬ P P AN IЄ, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed facing bust, holding globus cruciger / VICTORI A AVCC, angel standing facing, holding long staff surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; IЄ//CONOB. DOC 229; MIBE 25b; SB 549. Small scratch on reverse. Near EF. ($1000) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Sovereign Rarities 2 (24 September 2019), lot 388.

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649. Phocas. 602-610. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Struck 607-609. Crowned and draped bust facing, holding globus cruciger / Angel standing facing, holding staff surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; I//CONOB. DOC 10j; MIBE 9; SB 620. Lustrous, light obverse die rust, graffito (‘K’) in reverse field. EF. ($400)

650. Phocas. 602-610. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.47 g, 7h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Struck 607-609. Crowned and draped bust facing, holding globus cruciger / Angel standing facing, holding staff surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; I//CONOB. DOC 10j; MIBE 9; SB 620. Lustrous. In NGC encapsulation 4682238-027, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($400)

651. Heraclius. 610-641. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.41 g, 7h). Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Struck 610-613. Helmeted and cuirassed facing bust, holding cross / Cross potent set on two steps; Є//CONOB. DOC 2a; MIB 3; SB 730. Lustrous, brushed. Choice EF. Well struck. ($750) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver, purchased from Numismatica Ars Classica, December 2014.

652 653 652. Heraclius, with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas. 610-641. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Struck 632-635/6. Heraclonas, Heraclius, and Heraclius Constantine standing facing, each holding globus cruciger; cross to upper left / Cross potent set on three steps; monogram to right; Є//CONOB. DOC 33c; MIB 39; SB 758. Lustrous, weakly struck in areas. In NGC encapsulation 4682279-025, graded MS, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. ($400) 653. Heraclius, with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas. 610-641. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 8th officina. Struck 639(?)-641. Heraclonas, Heraclius, and Heraclius Constantine standing facing, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set upon three steps; monogram to left, Є to right; H//CONOB. DOC (44f); MIB 53 (Heraclonas); SB 770. Lustrous, deposits on reverse. EF. ($400) 185


654. Heraclius, with Heraclius Constantine. 610-641. Æ Follis (29mm, 14.45 g, 9h). Seleucia Isauriae mint, 2nd officina. Dated RY 7 (616/7). Crowned and draped figures of Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine standing facing, both holding globus cruciger; cross between / Large M; Christogram above, date across field; B//SЄLISЧ. DOC 181b; MIB 193; SB 845. Dark brown patina, obverse slightly off center. Good VF. Overstruck on a Constantinople mint follis of Justin II and Sophia (SB 360). ($300) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 403 (9 August 2017), lot 643; Christov Family Collection (Goldberg 55, 29 October 2009), lot 453.

655. Heraclius, with Heraclius Constantine. 610-641. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Uncertain eastern military mint. Struck circa 613-616. Crowned facing busts of Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine, each wearing chlamys; cross above / Cross potent set on three steps; IX//CONOB. DOC 187c (Alexandria); Bendall, Jerusalem, Type 4 and pl. XLI, 15 (uncertain eastern military mint) = MIB pl. 4, 77.7 (Cyprus); SB 852 (Jerusalem). EF. ($500) Ex Iconodule Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 106, 13 September 2017), lot 873.

656. Heraclius, with Heraclius Constantine. 610-641. AV Solidus (13mm, 4.48 g, 6h). Class II. Carthage mint. Dated IY 3 (614/5). Crowned and draped facing busts of Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine; cross above / Cross potent set on three steps; Γ (date) //CONOB. DOC 205 var. (no pendilia on crowns); MIB 84a3; SB 867. Near EF. ($500) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver. Ex Morton and Eden 84 (2 December 2016), lot 672.

657. Constans II. 641-668. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 9th officina. Struck 641-646. Crowned bust facing, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; Θ//CONOB. DOC (1i); MIB 3b; SB 938. Well centered and struck, with some luster. EF. ($750) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver, purchased from Spink, January 2011, with old Spink ticket in the hand of George Müller priced at £27.

186


658. Constans II. 641-668. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck 641-646/7. Crowned and draped facing bust, holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; Z//CONOB. DOC 1g.2; MIB 3b; SB 938. Lustrous. Choice EF. Well centered and struck. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 114 (13 May 2020), lot 1042 (hammer $3500).

659. Constans II. 641-668. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 2nd officina. Struck 651/2-654. Crowned and draped bust facing, holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; B//CONOB. DOC 19b; MIB 23; SB 956. EF. ($500) Ex Dr. Lawrence D. Sporty Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 103, 14 September 2016), lot 920; CNG Inventory 819627 (September 2008).

660. Constans II. 641-668. AV Solidus (19.5mm, 4.48 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 3rd officina. Struck 651-654. Crowned and draped bust facing, holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; Γ//CONOB. DOC 19c; MIB 23; SB 956. Lustrous, light hairline scratches. EF. ($500)

Ex Hunt Collection

661. Constans II, with Constantine IV, Heraclius, and Tiberius. 641-668. AV Solidus (18mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 3rd officina. Struck circa 661-663. Crowned and draped busts facing of Constans, wearing plumed helmet, and Constantine; cross above / Cross potent set on three steps; at sides, Heraclius and Tiberius standing facing, each holding globus cruciger; ΓΘ// CONOB. DOC 31 var. (officina letter); MIB 33 var. (same); SB 965 var. (same). Lustrous. EF. ($500) Ex William Herbert Hunt Collection (Part II, Sotheby’s New York, 21 June 1991), lot 451 (part of).

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662. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.40 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 6th officina. Struck 686/7. Crowned and draped facing bust, wearing slight beard, holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; ς//CONOB. DOC (4b); MIB 4; SB 1245. Lustrous. Superb EF. ($1500) Ex Numismatik Naumann 89 (3 May 2020), lot 583 (hammer €3000).

663. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (18.5mm, 4.46 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 6th officina. Struck 686/7. Crowned and draped facing bust, wearing slight beard, holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; ς//CONOB. DOC (4b); MIB 4; SB 1245. Lustrous. In NGC encapsulation 4938331-019, graded MS, Strike: 4/4, Surface: 4/5. ($750)

664. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (17.5mm, 4.19 g, 6h). Class II. Constantinople mint, 6th officina. Struck 687-692. Crowned and draped facing bust, wearing slight beard, holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; ς//CONOB. DOC 5e; MIB 6; SB 1246. Lightly toned with some underlying luster, a few light scratches. Near EF. ($750)

665. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (18.5mm, 4.27 g, 6h). Class III. Constantinople mint, 1st officina. Struck 692-695. Bust of Christ Pantocrator facing; cross behind / Justinian standing facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding akakia and cross potent set on two steps; A//CONOP. DOC 7a; MIB 8a; SB 1248. Lustrous, weakly struck in areas. Near EF. ($1500) 188


666. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (19.5mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Class III. Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Struck 692-695. Bust of Christ Pantocrator facing; cross behind / Justinian standing facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding akakia and cross potent set on two steps; Є//CONOP. DOC 7e; MIB 8a; SB 1248. Lustrous, weakly struck in areas, some light scratches. Near EF. ($1500)

667. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (18mm, 4.35 g, 7h). Class III. Constantinople mint, 9th officina. Struck 692-695. Bust of Christ Pantocrator facing; cross behind / Justinian standing facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding akakia and cross potent set on two steps; Θ//CONOP. DOC 7g; MIB 8a; SB 1248. Lustrous. In NGC encapsulation 4938331-135, graded MS, Strike: 3/5, Surface: 4/5, clipped. ($1500)

Extremely Rare Variety

668. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Light Weight Solidus (19mm, 4.14 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck 686/7. Crowned facing bust, wearing slight beard and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set upon three steps; star in right field; Z//CONOB. DOC 2b var. (unlisted officina); MIB 10 var. (same); SB 1250 var. (same). Light surface marks, small areas of weak strike, minor deposits on the reverse. Near EF. Attractive portrait style. Extremely rare variety, none others listed in CoinArchives. ($1000) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver. Ex Spink 206 (22 June 2011), lot 457.

669. Leontius. 695-698. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 1st officina. Crowned bust facing, wearing loros, holding mappa and globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; A//CONOB. DOC 1a; MIB 1; SB 1330. Lustrous. Choice EF. ($1500) 189


670. Leontius. 695-698. AV Solidus (18.5mm, 4.41 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 3rd officina. Crowned bust facing, wearing loros, holding mappa and globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; Γ//CONOB. DOC 1c; MIB 1; SB 1330. Lustrous. Choice EF. Exceptional. ($1500)

671. Leontius. 695-698. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.40 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Crowned bust facing, wearing loros, holding mappa and globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; Z//CONOB. DOC 1g.2; MIB 1; SB 1330. Lustrous, some light scratches. EF. ($1000)

672. Leontius. 695-698. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Crowned bust facing, wearing loros, holding mappa and globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; I//CONOB. DOC (1i); MIB 1; SB 1330. Lustrous, some light scratches. EF. ($1000)

673. Tiberius III (Apsimar). 698-705. AV Solidus (18mm, 4.41 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 2nd officina. Crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding spear and shield / Cross potent set on three steps; B//CONOB. DOC 1b; MIB 1; SB 1360. Lustrous, well-struck. In NGC encapsulation 6154965-005, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($1500) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver. Ex Künker 257 (10 October 2014), lot 9309 (€4800).

674. Tiberius III (Apsimar). 698-705. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.48 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 2nd officina. Crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding spear and shield / Cross potent set on three steps; B//CONOB. DOC 1b; MIB 1; SB 1360. Lustrous, a few light marks. EF. ($1000) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Numismatik Naumann 76 (7 April 2019), lot 637.

190


675. Tiberius III (Apsimar). 698-705. AV Solidus (19.5mm, 4.48 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding spear and shield / Cross potent set on three steps; Є//CONOB. DOC (1d); MIB 1; SB 1360. Lustrous, hairline scratches. EF. ($1000)

676. Tiberius III (Apsimar). 698-705. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding spear and shield / Cross potent set on three steps; I//CONOB. DOC 1i; MIB 1; SB 1360. Lightly toned, underlying luster. Choice EF. ($1500) Ex Peter J. Merani Collection. Ex Berk BBS 122 (6 September 2001), lot 57.

677. Tiberius III (Apsimar). 698-705. AV Solidus (19.5mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding spear and shield / Cross potent set on three steps; I//CONOB. DOC 1i; MIB 1; SB 1360. Lustrous, some peripheral striking weakness, hairline scratches. EF. ($1000)

678. Justinian II. Second reign, 705-711. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck circa 705. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / Crowned facing bust of Justinian, wearing loros, holding cross potent set on three steps in right hand, globus cruciger inscribed PAX in left. DOC 1; MIB 1; SB 1413. Lustrous, some central striking weakness. Near EF. ($2000) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Roma Numismatics E-Sale 61 (22 August 2019), lot 1039; Ponterio 61 (26 February 1993), lot 51.

679. Justinian II, with Tiberius. Second reign, 705-711. AV Tremissis (16mm, 1.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / Crowned facing busts of Justinian, wearing slight beard, and Tiberius, beardless, holding cross potent between them. DOC 6b; MIB 6b; SB 1421. Lustrous. EF. ($1250) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 111 (29 May 2019), lot 862.

191


680. Philippicus (Bardanes). 711-713. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 9th officina. Crowned facing bust, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger and eagle-tipped scepter / Cross potent set on three steps; Θ//CONOB. DOC 1i; MIB 1; SB 1447. Lustrous, scratches on reverse. Superb EF. ($1500)

681. Philippicus (Bardanes). 711-713. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.37 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Crowned facing bust, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger and eagle-tipped scepter / Cross potent set on three steps; I//CONOB. DOC 1j; MIB 1; SB 1447. Lustrous, area of weak strike, a couple areas of light roughness on reverse, clipped. Superb EF. ($1500)

682. Anastasius II Artemius. 713-715. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.30 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 1st officina. Crowned and draped bust facing, holding globus cruciger in right hand, akakia in left / Cross potent set on three steps; A//CONOB. DOC 2a; MIB 2; Füeg 2.A.1; SB 1463. Lustrous, light scratches/marks, clipped. EF. ($1000)

683. Anastasius II Artemius. 713-715. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.34 g, 5h). Constantinople mint, 2nd officina. Crowned and draped bust facing, holding globus cruciger in right hand, akakia in left / Cross potent set on three steps; B//CONOB. DOC (2b); MIB 2; Füeg 2.B.1; SB 1463. Lustrous, light edge filing. Near EF. ($1000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 114 (6 May 2019), lot 968.

684. Anastasius II Artemius. 713-715. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 4th officina. Crowned and draped bust facing, holding globus cruciger in right hand, akakia in left / Cross potent set on three steps; ∆//CONOB. DOC 2c; MIB 2; Füeg 2.D.2; SB 1463. Lustrous, scratches. EF. ($1500) 192


685. Anastasius II Artemius. 713-715. Æ Follis (19mm, 2.67 g, 5h). Syracuse mint. Crowned bust facing, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger and akakia; star to right / Large M; monogram of Anastasius above, palm fronds flanking; SC[L]. DOC 13; MIB 31; Anastasi 384 (this coin illustrated); SB 1474. Dark green patina. Good VF. ($500) Ex Khristov Collection (CNG Inventory 862993, January 2010); Classical Numismatic Group 73 (13 September 2006), lot 1062.

687 686 686. Leo III the “Isaurian”, with Constantine V. 717-741. AV Solidus (19.5mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 724-731. Crowned and draped bust of Leo facing, holding globus cruciger and akakia / Crowned and draped bust of Constantine facing, holding globus cruciger and akakia. DOC 5.1-2; Füeg 5.A.3; SB 1504. Lustrous, some peripheral striking weakness, thin die breaks on the obverse. EF. ($750) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Roma Numismatics XVII (28 March 2019), lot 832.

687. Leo III the “Isaurian”, with Constantine V. 717-741. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.46 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck 735-740. Crowned and draped bust of Leo facing, holding globus cruciger and akakia; Z at end of legend / Crowned and draped bust of Constantine facing, holding globus cruciger and akakia; Θ at end of legend. DOC 7e.2; Füeg 7.G.6; SB 1504. Lightly double struck on obverse. NGC photo certified 3807348-013, graded AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($750) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver. Ex Andre Constantine Dimitriadis Collection (Heritage 3035, 3 September 2014), lot 29513; Stack’s (15 April 1992), lot 57.

688 689 688. Constantine V Copronymus, with Leo III. 741-775. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.40 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 740-742. Crowned facing bust of Leo, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent and akakia / Crowned facing bust of Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent and akakia. DOC 1d.1; Füeg 1.B.8; SB 1550. A few light marks. Good VF. ($500) 689. Constantine V Copronymus, with Leo IV and Leo III. 741-775. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.37 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 750-756. Crowned facing busts of Constantine V and Leo IV, each wearing chlamys; cross above / Crowned facing bust of Leo III, wearing loros, holding cross potent; Θ at end of legend. DOC 2a.1; Füeg 4.B.1; SB 1551. Slight reverse die shift. Good VF. ($750)

193


690 691 690. Constantine V Copronymus, with Leo IV and Leo III. 741-775. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 750-756. Crowned facing busts of Constantine V and Leo IV, each wearing chlamys; cross above / Crowned facing bust of Leo III, wearing loros, holding cross potent; Θ at end of legend. DOC 2c; Füeg 4.A.1; SB 1551. Lustrous. EF. ($1000) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Private Canadian Collection (Roma Numismatics E-Sale 66, 9 January 2020), lot 1284; previously purchased from Calgary Coin.

691. Constantine V Copronymus, with Leo IV and Leo III. 741-775. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 750-756. Crowned facing busts of Constantine V and Leo IV, each wearing chlamys; cross above / Crowned facing bust of Leo III, wearing loros, holding cross potent. DOC 2c; Füeg 4.A.7; SB 1551. One small area of soft striking with minor die rust on the obverse. Near EF. ($750) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver, purchased from Seaby, 9 April 1983.

692. Constantine V Copronymus, with Leo IV and Leo III. 741-775. AV Solidus (22mm, 3.64 g, 6h). Syracuse mint. Struck 751-775. Crowned facing busts of Constantine V and Leo IV, each wearing chlamys; cross between them / Crowned facing bust of Leo III, wearing loros, holding cross potent. DOC 15b; Anastasi 425g; SB 1565. Lustrous, minor metal flaws. EF. ($1000) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Roma Numismatics XVII (28 March 2019), lot 838.

693. Constantine VI & Irene, with Leo III, Constantine V, and Leo IV. 780-797. AV Solidus (21.5mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 780-787. Leo IV and Constantine VI seated facing on lyre-backed throne, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia; cross above / Crowned busts of Leo III and Constantine V facing, each wearing loros; cross above, • between. DOC 2 (Leo IV); Füeg 1.A.2; SB 1584 (Leo IV). Some luster. Near EF. ($1500) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver. Ex Roma XVI (26 September 2018), lot 856.

694. Constantine VI & Irene, with Leo III, Constantine V, and Leo IV. 780-797. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 787-790. Constantine V, Leo III, and Leo IV seated facing, each crowned and draped / Crowned facing busts of Constantine VI, draped and holding globus cruciger, and Irene, wearing loros and holding globus cruciger and cruciform scepter; cross above, • between. DOC 1; Füeg 2.12 (C.2.2/Ir.2.12); SB 1593. Area of minor weakness on strike on reverse. Good VF. ($750) 194


695. Constantine VI & Irene. 780-797. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 793797. IRInH AΓOVSτI, crowned facing bust of Irene, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger and cross-tipped staff / COnSτAn τInOS ЬAS´ Θ, crowned facing bust of Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger and akakia. DOC 3a; Füeg 5.A; SB 1594. Attractive light toning, underlying luster. Superb EF. A beautifully struck example of this issue. ($5000)

696. Constantine VI & Irene. 780-797. AV Solidus (19.5mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 793-797. IRInH AΓOVSτI, crowned facing bust of Irene, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger in right hand and cruciform scepter in left / COnτAn τInOS ЬAS´ Θ, crowned facing bust of Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger in right hand and akakia in left. DOC 3a; Füeg 5.A; SB 1594. Toned, lustrous, a few minor marks. Choice EF. ($5000) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Classical Numismtic Group 111 (29 May 2019), lot 870.

697. Constantine VI & Irene. 780-797. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 793-797. IRInH AΓOVSτI, crowned facing bust of Irene, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger and cross-tipped staff / COnSτAn τInOS ЬAS´ Θ, crowned facing bust of Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger in right hand and akakia in left. DOC 3a; Füeg 5.A; SB 1594. Lustrous, a little weak in centers. Near EF. ($3000)

698. Irene. 797-802. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 19 August 797-30 October 802. ЄIPInH ЬASILISSH, crowned facing bust of Irene, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger in right hand, cruciform scepter in left / • ЄIPInH ЬASILISSH, crowned facing bust of Irene, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger in right hand, cruciform scepter in left; q at end of legend. Cf. DOC 1a.2-5; Füeg 1.C.1; SB 1599. Underlying luster. Near EF. ($3000)

195


699. Irene. 797-802. AV Solidus (19.5mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 19 August 797-30 October 802. ЄIPInH ЬASILISSH, crowned facing bust of Irene, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger in right hand, cruciform scepter in left / • ЄIPInH ЬASILISSH, crowned facing bust of Irene, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger in right hand, cruciform scepter in left; q at end of legend. Cf. DOC 1a.2-5; Füeg 2.B.1; SB 1599. Underlying luster, edge has been lightly trimmed. EF. ($3000)

700. Nicephorus I. 802-811. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.40 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 802-803. Crowned facing bust, wearing slight beard and chlamys, and holding cross potent and akakia / Cross potent set on three steps; q at end of legend. DOC 1a.1; Füeg 1.A.2; SB 1603. Underlying luster, areas of flat strike. Good VF. ($1000)

701. Nicephorus I, with Stauracius. 802-811. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 803811. Crowned bust of Nicephorus facing, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent and akakia; pellet at beginning of legend / Crowned bust of Stauracius facing, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger and akakia; Θ at end of legend. DOC 2a.4; Füeg 2.B.1; SB 1604. Minor deposits on obverse, underlying luster. Choice EF. Well vstruck from fresh dies. ($1500)

702. Nicephorus I, with Stauracius. 802-811. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 803811. Crowned bust of Nicephorus facing, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent and akakia; pellet at beginning of legend / Crowned bust of Stauracius facing, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger and akakia; X at end of legend. DOC 2c.4; cf. Füeg 2.B.3; SB 1604. Traces of die shift on reverse. In NGC encapsulation 6154965-001, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. ($1500) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver. Ex Roma XVI (26 September 2018), lot 861.

196


Michael I: From Emperor To Monk

703. Michael I Rhangabe, with Theophylactus. 811-813. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.40 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. • mIXA HL bASILЄ’, crowned and draped facing bust of Michael, holding globus cruciger in right hand and akakia in left / ΘЄOFVLA CτOS ∂ЄSP´, crowned facing bust of Theophylactus, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger in right hand and cross-tipped scepter in left; X at end of legend. DOC 1a.1-4 (same dies); Füeg 1.B; SB 1615. Choice EF. Struck on an oversized flan, beautifully struck. Rare. ($20,000) A high court official, Michael Rhangabe seized power when Nicephorus I was killed in battle. Michael raised his eldest son Theophylactus as co-emperor and reversed the iconoclast policies of his predecessor. In 812 he recognized Charlemagne as emperor of the West in return for Venice returning to Byzantine control; the Venetians, however, ignored the edict. Early in 813, Michael mounted a campaign against the Bulgarians, but they routed his army. In the aftermath, Michael abdicated and named the general Leo V as his successor. Michael took monastic vows and died peaceably as a monk 30 years later. His coinage in all metals is very rare.

704. Leo V the Armenian, with Constantine. 813-820. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. • LЄ On ЬASILЄЧς, crowned bust of Leo facing, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent in right hand and akakia in left / COnSτ Anτ’ ∂ЄSP’ X, crowned bust of Constantine facing, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger in right hand and akakia in left. DOC 2b; Füeg 2.B.2; SB 1627. Some earthen deposits. EF. ($3000)

705

706

705. Theophilus, with Constantine and Michael III. 829-842. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 831-842. Crowned facing bust of Theophilus, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross and akakia; ᚮ at beginning of legend, Θ at end / Crowned facing busts of Michael and Constantine, each wearing chlamys; cross above. DOC 3e; Füeg 3.H.1.z; SB 1653. Lustrous. Near EF. ($750) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Trausnitz Collection (Nomos 19, 17 November 2019), lot 436, purchased from Munzkabinett Funk, 25 February 1985.

706. Theophilus, with Constantine and Michael III. 829-842. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 831-842. Crowned facing bust of Theophilus, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross and akakia; ᚮ at beginning of legend, Θ at end / Crowned facing busts of Michael and Constantine, each wearing chlamys; cross above. DOC 3e; Füeg 3.H.1.z; SB 1653. Scattered light marks. Near EF. ($750) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver. Ex Spink 214 (26 September 2012), lot 483; Hess-Leu 45 (12 May 1970), lot 707.

197


Sear Plate Coin

707. Basil I the Macedonian. 867-886. AR Miliaresion (24mm, 2.86 g, 12h). Constantinople mint. Struck 868-879. Cross potent set on three steps; globus below / + ЬASI/LIOS CЄ/COҺSTAҺ/TIҺ’ PISTV/ЬASILIS/ROMЄO’ in six lines. DOC 7; SB 1708 (this coin illustrated). Attractive cabinet tone, obverse struck with clashed die. EF. A very attractive and well-detailed example of this issue. ($1000) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver, purchased from Peter Minns, York, 6 October 1978; ex Ian Roper Collection.

708. Basil I the Macedonian, with Constantine. 867-886. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 870-871. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing; * at end of legend / Crowned facing busts of Basil, wearing loros, and Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC 2; Füeg 3.B; SB 1704. Lustrous, some minor earthen deposits. EF. ($1000)

709. Basil I the Macedonian, with Constantine. 867-886. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 870-871. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing; * at end of legend / Crowned facing busts of Basil, wearing loros, and Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC 2; Füeg 3.B; SB 1704. Lustrous. Near EF. ($1000) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Roma Numismatics E-sale 54 (28 February 2019), lot 1117.

Ex Dimitriadis & Hunt Collections

710. Basil I the Macedonian. 867-886. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.38 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 871-886. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing; * at end of legend / Crowned facing busts of Basil, wearing loros, and Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC 2c; Füeg 3.C.2; SB 1704. Light marks. NGC photo certified 3807515016, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5, light graffito. ($1000) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver. Ex Andre Constantine Dimitriadis Collection (Heritage 3035, 3 September 2014), lot 29574; William Herbert Hunt Collection (Part II, Sotheby’s New York, 21 June 1991), lot 557 (part of).

198


711 712 711. Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, with Romanus I and Christopher. 913-959. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.46 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 924-931. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing / Crowned facing busts of Romanus I, wearing loros, and Christopher, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC 7; Füeg 7.A.1; SB 1745. Some earthen deposits, a couple of faint scratches. Good VF. ($500) Ex William Herbert Hunt Collection (Part II, Sotheby’s New York, 21 June 1991), lot 561 (part of).

712. Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, with Romanus II. 913-959. AV Solidus (17mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 955-959. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / Crowned facing busts of Constantine VII, wearing loros, and Romanus II, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC 15; Füeg 15.C.1; SB 1751. Toned, slight traces of double striking on reverse. EF. ($1000) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver. Ex Morton and Eden 93 (27 June 2018), lot 17.

713. Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, with Romanus II. 913-959. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.41 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 955-959. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / Crowned facing busts of Constantine VII, wearing loros, and Romanus II, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC 15; Füeg 15.C.4; SB 1751. Lustrous, tiny obverse die break. EF. ($1000)

714 715 714. Nicephorus II Phocas. 963-969. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.38 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 967-969. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / Facing busts of the Theotokos (Virgin), wearing nimbus crown, stola, and maphorium, and Nicephorus, wearing crown and loros, holding patriarchal cross between. DOC 4; Füeg 3.C.11; SB 1778. Trace of die rust on obverse. Good VF. ($1000) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 441 (3 April 2019), lot 516.

715. John I Zimisces. 969-976. AV Histamenon Nomisma (22mm, 4.38 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / Crowned facing bust of John, holding patriarchal cross, being crowned by the Theotokos, above, MΘ with macron manus Dei above John. DOC 3; Füeg 4.B; SB 1785. A few shallow scrapes on obverse. EF. ($1500) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Roma Numismatics E-sale 56 (9 May 2019), lot 1266.

199


Nicholas II Chrysoberges, Patriarch of Constantinople

716. Nicholas II Chrysoberges. Patriarch of Constantinople, 979-991. PB Seal (44mm, 7.45 g, 12h). ΘKЄ ROHΘЄI Tω Cω ΔOYΛω, the Theotokos Hodegetria standing facing on suppedion, holding Holy Infant; MP ΘV, each with macron above, across field; ring of pellets flanking / – ຋ –/NIKOΛAω/APXIЄПICKO/Пω KωNCTANTI/NoПOΛЄωC NE/AC PωMNC/– ຋ – (sic) in seven lines. BLS I -; cf. DOCBS 115.1 (attributed to Nicholas I Mystikos); Seyrig -; Vatican 153; Orghidan –; Jordanov –; cf. Triton XI, lot 1145. Brown patina. Near VF. Rare. ($2000) Seals of Nicholas I Mystikos and Nicholas II Chrysoberges can be difficult to distinguish, since they share the same name and patriarchal seals of the 9th and 10th centuries regularly feature similar obverse types. The obverse legend, however, differs from seals of Nicholas I in the Zacos and Vatican collections, making an attribution to Nicholas II more likely.

717

718

717. Basil II Bulgaroktonos, with Constantine VIII. 976-1025. AV Histamenon Nomisma (23mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 989-1001. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; •• in arms of nimbus / Crowned half-length busts of Basil, wearing loros, and Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross crosslet, with V on shaft, between them. DOC 3g.1; Füeg II 3.G; SB 1797. Lustrous, tiny metal flaws on reverse. EF. ($750) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Numismatik Naumann 83 (3 November 2019), lot 818.

718. Basil II Bulgaroktonos, with Constantine VIII. 976-1025. AV Histamenon Nomisma (24mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1005-1025. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; annulets in upper quarters of nimbus / Crowned halflength busts of Basil, wearing loros and being crowned from above by manus Dei, and Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding long cross between them. DOC 6a; Füeg 6.E; SB 1800. Minor edge marks, a few light scratches. Near EF. ($1000) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver. Ex Spink 214 (26 September 2012), lot 490.

719

720

719. Constantine VIII. 1025-1028. AV Histamenon Nomisma (23mm, 4.41 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; upturned crescent in upper two quarters of nimbus / Crowned facing bust of Constantine facing, wearing jeweled loros, holding labarum and akakia; pellet on shaft. DOC 2; Füeg 2.A.6; SB 1815. Light marks. Good VF. ($500) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver, purchased from Peter Minns, York, 11 August 1978.

720. Romanus III Argyrus. 1028-1034. AV Histamenon Nomisma (23mm, 4.35 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing / Romanus standing facing, placing hand on chest and holding globus cruciger, six pellets on loros, being crowned and blessed by the Virgin Mary (without nimbus); MΘ between their heads. DOC 1a; Füeg II 1.C.6.y; SB 1820. Lustrous, shallow scratch on obverse. Near EF. ($750) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Roma Numismatics E-sale 65 (19 December 2019), lot 1004.

200


721. Constantine IX Monomachus. 1042-1055. AV Histamenon Nomisma (27.5mm, 4.41 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1049-1053. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; upturned crescent in upper two quarters of nimbus / Crowned facing bust of Constantine, holding long cross and globus cruciger. DOC 3; Füeg II 3.A.5/6; SB 1830. Lustrous. EF. ($750)

722. Constantine IX Monomachus. 1042-1055. AV Histamenon Nomisma (27.5mm, 4.34 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1049-1053. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; upturned crescent in upper two quarters of nimbus / Crowned facing bust of Constantine, holding long cross and globus cruciger. DOC 3; Füeg II 3.A.5/6; SB 1830. Lustrous, a few faint scratches. EF. ($750)

Supernova of 1054

723. Constantine IX Monomachus. 1042-1055. AV Histamenon Nomisma (21mm, 4.41 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1054-1055. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / Crowned facing bust of Constantine, holding globus cruciger and sword; two stars flanking crown. DOC 4b; Füeg II 4.B.2; SB 1831. Lightly clipped, minor die breaks and die rust, slight weakness of strike on reverse. EF. Rare. ($2000) The meaning of the stars that appear on these rare histamena flanking the imperial bust has been a matter of much scholarly speculation. Hendy (DOC III, p. 734) suggested that they represented the 1054 appearance of supernova SN 1054, a celestial event that was widely seen and recorded by Chinese, Japanese, and Arab astronomers, as well as the Mimbres and Anasazi in North America, and possibly in contemporary Irish chronicles. Since it was visible even in daylight from when it first appeared in the constellation of Taurus on 4 July 1054 until it disappeared in April 1056, Grierson (DOC III, p. 736) concluded that it could not have escaped the notice of anyone interested in astronomy and “may conceivably have found its way onto the coins [since] the dates, at all events, seem to agree.”

201


724. Constantine IX Monomachus. 1042-1055. AV Tetarteron Nomisma (18mm, 3.95 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1053-1055. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / Crowned and draped facing bust of Constantine, holding labarum and globus cruciger. DOC 6; Füeg II 6.B; SB 1833. Edge clipped. Good VF. ($500) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 114 (6 May 2019), lot 1758.

725. Constantine IX Monomachus. 1042-1055. AR Scyphate Miliaresion (26mm, 2.37 g, 5h). Constantinople mint. The Virgin Mary, orans, standing facing on daïs; barred (MHP) – ӨV across field / Constantine, wearing military attire, standing facing, holding long cross and sheathed sword. DOC 7; SB 1834. Toned. Good VF. Exceptional for issue. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 105 (10 May 2017), lot 1059; Lanz 112 (25 November 2002), lot 983.

726. Isaac I Comnenus. 1057-1059. AV Histamenon Nomisma (26mm, 4.36 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels / Isaac standing facing, holding drawn sword and scabbard. DOC 2; Füeg II 2.B.x; SB 1843. Toned, light scratches. EF. ($1000) From the Venetoi Collection. Ex Leu Numismatik Auction 5 (27 October 2019), lot 579.

Ex Hunt Collection

727. Isaac I Comnenus. 1057-1059. AV Histamenon Nomisma (25.5mm, 4.38 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels / Isaac standing facing, holding drawn sword and scabbard. DOC 2; Füeg II 2.B.x; SB 1843. Minor weakness of strike on obverse. EF. ($1000) Ex William Herbert Hunt Collection (Part II, Sotheby’s New York, 21 June 1991), lot 589 (part of – this coin illustrated in the catalog).

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728 729 728. Constantine X Ducas. 1059-1067. AV Histamenon Nomisma (27mm, 4.37 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1065-1067. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing / Constantine standing facing, holding globus cruciger, being crowned by the Virgin Mary; M Θ in field. DOC 2; Füeg II 2; SB 1848. Deposits. EF. ($500) 729. Romanus IV Diogenes, with Eudocia, Michael VII, Constantius, and Andronicus. 1068-1071. AV Histamenon Nomisma (26mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Michael standing facing, holding labarum and akakia, between Constantius and Andronicus, each holding globus cruciger and akakia / Christ standing facing on footstool, crowning Romanus and Eudocia, each holding globus cruciger; IC XC, with macron above each, flanking head of Christ. DOC 1; SB 1859. Lightly toned, slight double striking on obverse. EF. Boldly struck reverse. ($500)

730

731

730. Romanus IV Diogenes, with Eudocia, Michael VII, Constantius, and Andronicus. 1068-1071. AV Histamenon Nomisma (27mm, 4.38 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Michael standing facing, holding labarum and akakia, between Constantius and Andronicus, each holding globus cruciger and akakia; dotted exergual band below / Christ standing facing on footstool, crowning Romanus and Eudocia, each holding globus cruciger. DOC 2; SB 1861. Trace of doubling on obverse. Near EF. ($500) 731. Alexius I Comnenus. 1081-1118. AV Hyperpyron (31mm, 4.39 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1092/3-1118. Christ Pantokrator seated facing on throne, raising hand in benediction, barred IC XC across upper field / Alexius standing facing, holding labarum with pellet on shaft and globus cruciger, being crowned by manus Dei, exaggerated jewelling in chlamys. DOC 20g; SB 1913. Light graffito in margin on obverse, scratch in margin on reverse. EF. ($500) From the MacKay Collection of Byzantine Gold and Silver. Ex Property of Princeton Economics acquired by Martin Armstrong (Classical Numismatic Group 90, 23 May 2012), lot 1961; Classical Numismatic Group 47 (24 September 1997), lot 2737.

732. John III Ducas (Vatatzes). Emperor of Nicaea, 1222-1254. AV Hyperpyron (29mm, 4.31 g, 6h). Magnesia mint. Struck circa 1232-1254. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing / John, holding labarum and akakia, standing facing, being crowned and blessed by the Theotokos. DOC 6b; SB 2073. Toning in devices, small flan crack, slight doubling on obverse, graffiti in margins. VF. Well struck. ($500)

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733. Andronicus I Gidon. Emperor of Trebizond, 1222-1235. AR Aspron Trachy (26mm, 2.64 g, 6h). Trebizond mint. Full-length figure of the Virgin Mary, orans, wearing tunic and maphorion, standing facing; star in left field / Full-length figure of Christ Chalkites, nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, right hand on chest, holding book of the Gospels in left. Bendall, Trebizond 2; Retowski –; DOC IV p. 537, 1 (Uncertain Nicaean; electrum); SB 2148 (Uncertain Nicaea). Toned. Choice EF. Well struck. Exceptional. ($2000) Ex Pecunem/Gitbud & Naumann 35 (6 September 2015), lot 863.

734. Michael VIII Palaeologus. 1261-1282. AV Hyperpyron (24mm, 4.16 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. The Theotokos enthroned facing, holding medallion of Holy Infant; MP and ΘV, each with macron above, across field / Michael standing facing, being presented by St. Michael, who stands behind him, to Christ enthroned left, holding scroll; to right, IC XC, each with macron above, in two lines. DOC 1; SB 2241. Toned, edge scrape, lightly clipped. VF. Very rare, particularly this nice. ($3000)

735. Alexius and John Asen. Circa 1356. Æ Trachy (18mm, 1.83 g, 12h). Mint on the Thracian coast. The Theotokos facing, orans; stars atop a series of dashes (towers?) flanking / Alexius and John standing facing, each crowned and holding scepter; three stars between, heavenly cloud above. S. Bendall, “The Diokitirion Square Trakion Reconsidered” in NK 21 (2002), pp. 107–10; S. Bendall, “An Enigmatic Fourteenth Century Coin” in NumCirc CIV.2 (March 1996), p. 39, 4-6; DOC –; SB –. Dark green-brown patina. Good Fine. Rare. ($750) Ex Savoca Blue Auction 5 (24 February 2018), lot 1697. Members of the Bulgarian Royal Dynasty, the Asen brothers held the coastal area of Thrace, as despotes, when the royal domain fragmented after the death of Stephan Uros IV Dusan.

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EARLY MEDIEVAL & ISLAMIC COINAGE New Variety of an Extremely Rare Type

736. AXUM. WZB (Wazeba?). Late 330s(?). AV (18mm, 1.83 g, 12h). ወዘበ ነገሠ አከሰ መ በአሰየዘ ገለየ (WZB King of Axum man of ZGLY in Ge’ez), crowned bust right, holding scepter, between two grain ears; above, ወዘበ (WZB monogram in Ge’ez surmounted by two-pellets- in-crescent; first ገ in legend retrograde / ወዘበ ነገሠ አከሰ መ በአሰየዘ ገለየ (WZB King of Axum man of ZGLY in Ge’ez), draped bust right, holding branch or fly-whisk within nimbus, all between two grain ears; above, በዘወ (retrograde WZB monogram in Ge’ez) surmounted by three-pellets-in-crescent with two pellets below; first ገ in legend retrograde. Hahn, Aksumite 15 = Munro-Hay type 15 = BMC Axum p. 28 = Anzani 20 var. (form of rev. monogram); SACAM –. Traces of red encrustation. Good VF. Extremely rare, possibly the third known gold coin for this ruler and a seemingly unique variety. ($10,000)

737 738 737. OSTROGOTHS. Theoderic. 493-526. Æ 40 Nummi – Follis (24mm, 11.29 g, 12h). Municipal issue. Class 3. Rome mint, 4th officina. Helmeted and draped bust of Roma right / Eagle standing left, head right, wings spread; XL (value) to left; · Δ · in exergue. COI 76b; MEC 1, 101; MIB I 74a; Demo 42. Brown and green patina. VF. Well centered. ($300) Ex Classical Numismatic Review XLII. 3 (Summer 2017), no. 460205; Gemini XIII (6 April 2017), lot 267; CNG Inv. 824397 (November 2008).

738. VISIGOTHS, Gaul. Pseudo-Imperial coinage. 417-507. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.28 g, 5h). Imitating a Ravenna mint issue of the Roman emperor Libius Severus (461-465). Uncertain northern Gallic mint. Struck circa 461-465 or later. [D] N IBIVS SIVE RVS P F AVG (sic), pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTORI Λ AVCCC, emperor standing facing, right foot resting on human-headed serpent, holding long cross and Victory on globe; R | A//COHOB. RIC X 3755 var. (obv. legend); Lacam 33 (same obv. die); Reinhart, Münzen 72; Depeyrot 4 (Toulouse mint); MEC 1, 175 var. (same); NAC 52, lot 716 (same obv. die); CNG 41, lot 2372 (same obv. die). Light toning in devices, struck with worn and rusty dies. VF. Rare. ($2000)

Found Near Barham, Suffolk

739. CAROLINGIANS. Louis ‘le Pieux’ (the Pious). As Emperor Louis I, 814-840. AV Solidus (23mm, 3.81 g, 12h). Contemporary imitation of Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) mint issue. Uncertain mint in Frisia. Struck circa 830. ýIIVIɃēēIɃVIý, laureate and draped bust right / IIIIIIVIIII⌴8IIII, small cross pattée within pelleted wreath with no ties. Cf. Grierson, Gold, Type XXVIII; cf. Prou 1076; cf. BMC Carolingians 78; MEC 1, –; EMC 2018.0005 = Coin Register 2019, 134 (this coin). Creased with associated crack, pierced for suspension. Near VF. Rare. ($1500) Found near Barham, Suffolk, 28 July 2015. This issue belongs to an extensive series of imitative solidi modeled on a short-lived issue struck under Louis the Pious between 814 and 818 at the Carolingian capital of Aachen (see Grierson, Gold, Plate 1, 4). Studies of coin finds have shown that these imitations were struck in Frisia between circa AD 830-900, and circulated throughout the North Sea region, including Britain, where this coin was found.

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740. CAROLINGIANS. Louis II, with Angilberra. As Emperor Louis II, 855-875. AR Denier (17mm, 1.00 g, 2h). Beneventum mint. Struck circa 866/7-870/1. แ ǮV⍷⌴VVIïVs InP, cross potent on two steps / แ ±nŲIǮBeʽŲ± nP, cross pattée crosslet. Depeyrot 141M; M&G 1178; MEC 1, 1116; CNI XVIII 42. Deep iridescent toning. EF. ($600)

Prototype Issue

741. CAROLINGIANS. temp. Robert I. King of West Francia, 922-923. AR Denier (21mm, 1.42 g, 12h). Crinon Group 1, Series 1, Variety 1. Chinon mint. ˶Vʼ⌴⎴ to right, diademed and mantled bust right / ส ⍛©Ʃ⎴⌴⎴Ʃ ⍛²S˶ʼ⌴, cross pattée; pellet in first quarter. P. Crinon, Catalogue, p. 73, 1-4/2 (same dies); Poey d’Avant 1670; Fécamp pl. XIV = P. Crinon, “À propos de deniers inédits de Blois (Xe siècle): le monnayage à la tête dans les domaines de Thibaud de Tours et Thibaud Ier (durant les deux premiers tiers du Xe s.)” in BSFN 48.1 (January 1993), p. 469; CNG Inv. 956854 (same obv. die). Lightly toned, reverse off center with small area of weak strike at periphery. Good VF. A strong portrait coin. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 103 (14 September 2016), lot 978.

The Solidus Mancusus

742. CAROLINGIANS. Uncertain king. Late 8th-9th century. AV Solidus Mancusus (18mm, 3.54 g, 9h). Imitating an unnamed (Misr) mint issue of Harun al-Rashid, citing Da’ud. Uncertain mint. Dated AH 274 (AD 887/8). Ilisch Group I; MEC I, p. 330; cf. Album 212. Deposits in devices, scattered marks, areas of weak strike, slightly wavy flan. Fine. ($750) The solidus mancusus, popularly known as mancus, was a term used in early medieval Europe to denote a gold coin, a weight of gold, or a unit of account of thirty silver pence. Distinguishing among these three meanings can be extremely difficult, as is evidenced by a request in the will of the Anglo-Saxon king Eadred, which states that “two-thousand mancuses be taken and minted into mancuses.” Even the origin of the word is in doubt. One possible source is the late Latin word for “defective” (mancus), possibly a reference to the base gold coins circulating in northern Europe during the mid-eighth century AD. However, accounts of contemporary payments in mancuses occurring in north-eastern Italy refer specifically to payment in Islamic gold dinars. Consequently, mancus more likely derives from the Arabic word for “struck” (manqush). In northern Europe and Italy during the early eighth century AD, the silver denier was the medium of exchange. The last regular gold coinage in use in those areas had been the tremisses of either the Visigothic or Merovingian kings, or the Byzantine issues struck at Italian mints. With the renewal of long-distance transactions requiring the use of large sums, gold coinage was reintroduced in the form of Islamic dinars. Already an accepted form of gold currency, these dinars were copied by northern Italian mints in order to facilitate their burgeoning trading enterprises. Soon other areas of northern Europe began to strike similar imitations, so that between the ninth and eleventh centuries the mancus became the standard gold coinage used in Western Europe. In some areas, such as Britain and Carolingian Francia, the mancus would employ local designs, reflecting a specific and special reason for issuing this denomination. Most, however, were careful copies of Abbasid dinars. The precise significance for the copying of this particular type remains uncertain, but it appears that by the late eighth century, northern Italy and Europe were poised to re-establish an international trade with the rest of the Mediterranean, something that had disappeared with the collapse of Roman power in the fifth century AD.

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743. CRUSADERS, Antioch. Bohémond III. 1163-1201. BI Denier (18.5mm, 0.93 g, 3h). Class B. Antioch mint. Struck circa 1163-1188. แ B∂AnዮɃēዮ⌽ (sic), bust left, wearing Norman helmet decorated with ๘ and chainmail coif; star to left, crescent to right; in legend, double barred A with pellet at each end, ⌽ with pellets / แ Aȵ˶Ʃ⌴⌐n[Ʃ]A (sic), cross pattée; crescent in second quarter; in legend, double barred As with pellet at each end, ornamented ⌐. Metcalf, Crusades –; cf. CCS 65 (for type); Alistair Lilburn Collection (Baldwin’s 49), lot 1769 var. (star to left only); CNG 115, lot 814. Trace of deposit on reverse. Good VF. Extremely rare for this class with the star and crescent transposed. ($300)

744. CRUSADERS, Antioch. Bohémond III. 1163-1201. BI Denier (18mm, 1.00 g, 1h). Class K2. Antioch mint. Struck circa 1163-1188. แ B∂AɃዮɃēዮ⌽(sic), bust left, wearing Norman helmet decorated with ๘ and chainmail coif; crescent to left, star to right; in legend, double barred A with annulet at each end, first Ƀ with pellet on crossbar, annulet in first ዮ, three bar ⌽ with annulets / แ Aɒ˶Ʃ⌴⌐wA (sic), cross pattée; crescent in second quarter; in legend, double barred As with annulet at each end, ɒs with pellet on crossbars, ornate ⌐. Cf. Metcalf, Crusades 446 (for obv.); CCS 79a (Bohémond IV). Traces of deposits on obverse. EF. ($200)

Extremely Rare Armenian Issue Struck for Antioch

745. CRUSADERS, Antioch. Levon I of Armenia. 1198-1219. BI Denier (19mm, 0.84 g, 11h). Sis mint, but struck for use in Antioch. แ Ǯģɦ ēģƩ Ż⎁˶Ʃ² (sic), cross pattée / แ ⎁ģX ²⎁ȵģɃƩɦ⎁ , crowned facing head; crown with pendilia. AC 281 var. (obv. legend); CCA 9 var. (same); MAC 33 var. (same); CCS 133a var. (same); CNG 115, lot 823 (same rev. die); CNG 85, lot 100. Areas of minor weakness at periphery, slight ghosting on reverse. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($3000) When Levon was granted the title of king of Armenia, he took the assumption that this entitled him to the crusader principality of Antioch as well. Despite two assaults on the city in 1203 and 1208, Levon was never able to capture it and enforce his claim against Bohémond IV. These rare western-style deniers were most likely struck at Sis for circulation in the Antiochene territory that Levon did hold.

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Extremely Rare James of Milly Ducato

746. CRUSADERS, Knights of Rhodes (Knights Hospitaller). James of Milly. 1454-1461. AV Ducato (22mm, 3.50 g, 8h). s/Ʃ/⌴/Ʃ/Ě/ʽ/s/• down left, ș/ʽ/ē ō • Ʃ²ý⌴BV • ē • șL • around right, St. John standing right, presenting banner to kneeling Grandmaster; B in exergue / • sƩ˶ • ˶ XPĿ • ē²˶Vʠ ˶V ʽĿŷƩs Ʃs˶(Ŀē)V⍛˶ •, Christ standing facing, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels, surrounded by mandorla containing nine stars; pellet between feet. Schlumberger pp. 257 and pl. X, 17; Metcalf, Crusades –; Slocum –; CCS 36a. In NGC encapsulation 5777169-020, graded XF 45. Extremely rare, the first of the type to appear at auction since 2006. ($7500)

747. ISLAMIC, Umayyad Caliphate. temp. ‘Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan. AH 65-86 / AD 685-705. AR Dirham (32.5mm, 3.60 g, 3h). Arab-Sasanian type. Issue of al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf, Umayyad governor. BYŠ (Bishapur) mint. Dated AH 77 in Pahlavi (AD 696-7). Crowned Sassanian style bust right; al-hajjaj ibn yusuf in Arabic in two lines to right; bismillāh , lā ilāha il lā-llāhu waḥdahu and, muḥammadur rasūlu-llāh in Arabic between crescent-in-pellets in outer margin / Fire altar flanked by attendants; star and crescent flanking flames; hfthftat (date) in Pahlavi to left, byš (mint) in Pahlavi to right. Malek, Arab-Sasanian 337; SICA I 217; Walker, Arab-Sasanian 230-1; Album A35; ICV 42. Toned, areas of weak strike. VF. ($2000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 112 (11 September 2019), lot 702.

748. ISLAMIC, Mongols. Great Khans. Chingiz (Genghis). AH 602-624 / AD 1206-1227. AV Dinar (26mm, 4.00 g, 6h). Ghazna (Ghazni) mint. Dated AH [6]18 (AD 1221/2). Kalima and name of Abbasid caliph in four lines, floral ornament above and to left; Umayyad “Second Symbol” (al-Quran Sura 9:33) in outer margin / Name and titles of Chingiz Khan in four lines, floral ornament to left and right; mint formula and AH date in outer margin. Spengler 16-18; CNR XXI, 1 (Spring 1996), 245-30-35; Album 1964; ICV 1940; CNG 111, lot 910 (same dies). Light deposits on obverse, areas of typical flat strike. VF. ($3000) From the William H. Birkinshaw Collection. Ex Triton XII (6 January 2009), lot 871; Classical Numismatic Review XXI/1 (Spring 1996), lot SP245-32.

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The W. R. K. Great Lakes Collection of Early Dated Coins Classical Numismatic Group is pleased to present a substantial offering of early dated medieval coins of Europe from the W. R. K. Great Lakes Collection. The early dated coins of Europe form the first links between medieval and modern coinage. Anno Domini dating of coins using Latin script did not begin until the mid-13th century, and did not become prevalent in Europe until three centuries later. The following selection of coins is organized chronologically by date, then alphabetically by country and issuing authority. All coin descriptions cite the comprehensive catalog of this coinage, The Early Dated Coins of Europe: 1234-1500 (2nd Ed., 2019), by Robert A. Levinson.

Early Dated European Coinage A general introduction to Collecting Early Dated The Early Dated Coins of Europe, 1234-1500, by Robert A. Levinson, presents for the first time a comprehensive listing in chronological order, by region, state, and mint, of all the known types of gold, silver, and copper dated coins struck in medieval Europe with an Anno Domini date of 1500 or earlier. This book, produced by the author over the course of 15 years, expands on the only volume remotely comparable, the long out of print 1915 work by Albert Frey, The Dated European Coinage Prior to 1501. The glossaries and appendices of this new book will be invaluable not only to collectors of ‘early dated coins,’ but also to anyone needing a quick reference to medieval coin-issuing cities, states, and mints, identifying their basic designs, or reading their sometimes complicated legends. Every numismatist will find the annotated bibliography a vital resource. The Early Dated Coins of Europe, 1234-1500, will be a standard reference for years to come.

Levinson, Robert A. The Early Dated Coins of Europe, 1234-1500, Second Edition. 2019. Hardbound. The second edition of this standard work, filled with new research. An essential guide for the medieval collector. Currently available for purchase from CNG. Please call, email, or fax your order today. $85.00 (M180)

Earliest Collectible Early Dated Coin

749. GERMANY, Aachen (City). AR Groschen (26mm, 2.47 g, 4h). Jungheit mint. Dated 1374 (in Roman numerals). Crowned half-length facing bust of Charlemagne, holding lis-tipped scepter and globus cruciger; coat-of-arms below / Long cross pattée. Levinson I-3a; Frey 2; Menadier 94. Toned, area of weak strike. VF. ($3000) Levinson notes: “This coin is generally referred to as the first collectible early dated coin, all others prior to it being permanently encased in museum collections or no longer extant.”

750. LOW COUNTRIES, Schoonvort (Lordship). Reinoud II. 1369-1396. AR Groschen (24mm, 2.17 g, 3h). Dated 1391 (in Roman numerals). Coat-of-arms within polylobe / Long cross pattée. Levinson II-3; Frey 8. Toned, areas of flat strike. Near VF. ($1000) Ex Rye Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 87, 18 May 2011), lot 1363.

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752

751

751. GERMANY, Aachen (City). AR Groschen (25mm, 1.73 g, 11h). Aachen mint. Dated 1420 (in spelled-out and Roman numerals). Crowned half-length facing bust of Charlemagne, holding model of cathedral and globus cruciger / Short cross pattée. Levinson I-15a; Frey N24; Menadier 117. Toned, minor porosity, small flan crack, edge chip. VF. ($150) 752. GERMANY, Aachen (City). AR Groschen (25mm, 1.88 g, 2h). Aachen mint. Dated 1421 (in spelled-out and Roman numerals). Crowned half-length facing bust of Charlemagne, holding model of cathedral and globus cruciger / Short cross pattée. Levinson I-16; Frey 19; Menadier 118. Lightly toned with underlying luster, areas of flat strike. VF. ($200) Ex Rye Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 87, 18 May 2011), lot 1369.

753

754

753. GERMANY, Aachen (City). AR Groschen (25mm, 1.74 g, 10h). Aachen mint. Dated 1421 (in spelled-out and Roman numerals). Crowned half-length facing bust of Charlemagne, holding model of cathedral and globus cruciger / Short cross pattée. Levinson I-16; Frey 19; Menadier 118. Toned, minor edge bump. VF. ($200) 754. GERMANY, Aachen (City). AR Groschen (25mm, 1.74 g, 7h). Aachen mint. Dated 1421 (in spelled-out and Roman numerals). Crowned half-length facing bust of Charlemagne, holding model of cathedral and globus cruciger / Short cross pattée. Levinson I-16; Frey 19; Menadier 118. Toned, slightly weak strike and wavy flan. Near VF. Clear date. ($200)

755. GERMANY, Pfalz (Electorate and county palatine). Ludwig IV. 1436-1449. AV Goldgulden (21mm, 3.44 g, 2h). Bacharach mint. Dated 1437 (in Roman numerals). Coat-of-arms over long cross pattée / Three coats-ofarms in trefoil arrangement; small rosette at center. Levinson I-39; Frey 34; Felke 1235; Friedberg 1977. Slightly double struck. VF. ($750)

756. GERMANY, Köln (Archbishophric). Dietrich II von Mors. 1414-1463. AV Goldgulden (22mm, 3.31 g, 10h). Riehl mint. Dated 1438 (in Roman numerals). Coat-of-arms over long cross pattée / Three coats-of-arms in trefoil arrangement; pellets at center and above. Levinson I-43; Frey 48; Noss, Köln 358; Felke 1241. Slightly double struck. VF. ($750) 210


757. GERMANY, Köln (Archbishophric). Dietrich II von Mors. 1414-1463. AV Goldgulden (22mm, 3.38 g, 8h). Riehl mint. Dated 1438 (in Roman numerals). Coat-of-arms over long cross pattée / Three coats-of-arms in trefoil arrangement; pellets at center and above. Levinson I-43; Frey 48; Noss, Köln 358; Felke 1241. Deposits, a few scratches. VF. ($750)

758. GERMANY, Köln (Archbishophric). Dietrich II von Mors. 1414-1463. AR Groschen (24mm, 1.81 g, 7h). Riehl mint. Dated 1438 (in Roman numerals). Coat-of-arms surrounded by three smaller coats-of-arms; all within trilobe / Halflength bust of St. Peter facing slightly left within Gothic archway, wearing nimbus crown and holding cruciform scepter and key; coat-of-arms below. Levinson I-44; Frey 49; Noss, Köln 360. Lightly toned, a few scratches. Near VF. ($150)

759. GERMANY, Pfalz (Electorate and county palatine). Ludwig IV. 1436-1449. AV Goldgulden (22mm, 3.27 g, 10h). Bacharach mint. Dated 1438 (in Roman numerals). Coat-of-arms over long cross pattée / Three coats-of-arms in trefoil arrangement; pellet-in-annulet at center. Levinson I-51; Frey 50; Felke 1252; Friedberg 1977. Lightly toned, a few scratces. VF. ($750) Ex Rye Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 87, 18 May 2011), lot 1376.

760. GERMANY, Pfalz (Electorate and county palatine). Ludwig IV. 1436-1449. AR Weisspfennig – Groschen (25mm, 2.02 g, 2h). Bacharach mint. Dated 1438 (in Roman numerals). Coat-of-arms surrounded by three smaller coats-ofarms; all within trilobe / Half-length bust of St. Peter facing slightly left within Gothic archway, wearing nimbus crown and holding cruciform scepter and key; coat-of-arms below. Levinson I-52a; Frey 51. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 87 (18 May 2011), lot 1377; Goldberg 47 (27 May 2008), lot 2577.

761 762 761. GERMANY, Trier (Archbishophric). Jakob I von Sierck. 1439-1456. AR Weisspfennig – Groschen (24mm, 1.88 g, 9h). Koblenz mint. Dated 1444 (in Roman numerals). Coat-of-arms surrounded by three smaller coats-of-arms; all within trilobe / Half-length bust of St. Peter facing slightly left within Gothic archway, wearing nimbus crown and holding cruciform scepter and key; coat-of-arms below. Levinson I-74; Frey 65; W&N 474. Toned, areas of weak strike, some porosity. Near VF. ($100) 762. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Duchy of Styria. Friedrich III. Emperor, 1452-1493. AR Pfennig (15mm, 0.45 g). Graz mint. Dated (14)56. Coat-of-arms surrounded by trilobe with letter F R I in lobes; 5 6 above / Blank. Levinson IV-2; Frey 91A; CNA Fb 5a. Toned, minor roughness, usual crude strike. VF. Includes an old German collection ticket. ($150) The first coin to use a modern numeral 5.

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763 764 763. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Archduchy of Austria. Friedrich III. Emperor, 1452-1493. AR Kreuzer (19mm, 0.87 g, 3h). Wiener Neustadt mint. Dated 1Ω78 (1458). Four cruciform coats-of-arms / Elaborate monogram. Levinson IV-4; Frey 97C; CNA Fa 35. Edge splits, porosity, weak strike, deposits. Fine. ($100) 764. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Duchy of Styria. Friedrich III. Emperor, 1452-1493. AR Kreuzer (18mm, 0.62 g, 2h). Graz mint. Dated 1Ω78 (1458). Coat-of-arms / Coat-of-arms. Levinson IV-5a; Frey 96; CNA Fb 6. Lightly toned, weak strike, clear date. Near VF. ($150)

765 766 765. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Duchy of Styria. Friedrich III. Emperor, 1452-1493. AR Kreuzer (17mm, 0.72 g, 7h). Graz mint. Dated 1Ω78 (1458). Coat-of-arms / Coat-of-arms. Levinson IV-5a; Frey 96; CNA Fb 6. Toned, porous, verdigris, weak strike. Good Fine. ($75) 766. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Archduchy of Austria. Friedrich III. Emperor, 1452-1493. AR Kreuzer (18mm, 0.75 g, 1h). Wiener Neustadt mint. Dated 1Ω78 (1458). Four cruciform coats-of-arms / Elaborate monogram. Levinson IV-7a; Frey 99B; CNA Fa 36. Lightly toned, minor deposits, porous. Good Fine. Rare. ($100) The first coin to use a modern numeral 9.

767 768 767. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. County of Tyrol. Sigismund. 1439-1490. AR Kreuzer (17mm, 0.99 g, 10h). Meran mint. Dated (14)60. Long cross pattée over saltire cross / Crowned eagle facing with wings spread, head left. Levinson IV-12; Frey –; CNA J45. Toned, minor deposits and ghosting. VF. ($100) 768. GERMANY, Sachsen (Electorate and duchy). Ernst, with Albrecht and Wilhelm III. 1465-1482. AR Horngroschen (28mm, 2.91 g, 10h). Colditz mint; mm: cross Lorraine. Dated (14)65. Coat-of-arms surmounted by elaborately crested helmet left / Coat-of-arms surmounted by elaborately crested helmet left. Levinson I-95; Frey 109. Toned. Good VF. ($500) Ex Michael Shutterly Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 87, 18 May 2011), lot 1397; Elsen 82 (11 December 2004) lot 1095.

769. GERMANY, Göttingen (City). AR Körtling (21mm, 1.34 g, 12h). Dated 1466 (in Roman numerals). Large Gothic G within polylobe; trefoils at cusps / Large Gothic G over short cross pattée. Levinson I-97; Frey 116; Schrock 12; Saurma 3907. Toned. Good VF. ($500) Ex Michael Shutterly Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 87, 18 May 2011), lot 1398; John Davis Collection (Triton IX, 9 January 2006), lot 1825.

212


770 771 770. GERMANY, Sachsen (Electorate and duchy). Ernst, with Albrecht and Wilhelm III. 1465-1482. AR Horngroschen (28mm, 2.82 g, 2h). Leizig mint; mm: six-pointed star. Dated (14)66. Coat-of-arms surmounted by elaborately crested helmet left / Coat-of-arms surmounted by elaborately crested helmet left. Levinson I-103a; Frey 111. Toned, edge splits, spot of doubling on reverse. VF. ($200) 771. LOW COUNTRIES, Deventer (City). David van Bourgondië. Bishop-Elector of Utrecht, 1456-1496. AR Groot – Groat (21mm, 1.72 g, 8h). Deventer mint. Dated 1466 (in Roman numerals). Eagle facing with wings spread, head left; two coats-of-arms below / Coat-of-arms over long cross pattée. Levinson III-41; Frey 113. Toned, porosity. Near VF. ($300)

772. GERMANY, Sachsen (Electorate and duchy). Ernst, with Albrecht and Wilhelm III. 1465-1482. AR Horngroschen (28mm, 2.54 g, 7h). Freiberg mint; mm: cross pattée. Dated (14)6Λ (1467). Coat-of-arms surmounted by elaborately crested helmet left / Coat-of-arms surmounted by elaborately crested helmet left. Levinson I-112a; Frey 120. Toned. Good VF. ($500) Ex Michael Shutterly Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 87, 18 May 2011), lot 1399; David Cervin Collection (Auctiones 29, 12 June 2003), lot 1238.

773. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Duchy of Styria. Friedrich III. Emperor, 1452-1493. AR Achter (24mm, 1.84 g, 8h). Graz mint. Dated 1Ω68 (1468). Three coats-of-arms / Double headed eagle with wings spread. Levinson IV-19; Frey 128A; CNA Fb 15. Lightly toned, flan crack, minor areas of weak strike. VF. ($500) Ex Michael Shutterly Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 87, 18 May 2011), lot 1400.

775 774 774. GERMANY, Sachsen (Electorate and duchy). Ernst, with Albrecht and Wilhelm III. 1465-1482. AR Horngroschen (27mm, 2.69 g, 6h). Colditz mint; mm: cross Lorraine. Dated (14)69. Coat-of-arms surmounted by elaborately crested helmet left / Coat-of-arms surmounted by elaborately crested helmet left. Levinson I-124; Frey 132. Lightly toned, green and brown encrustations, a few faint scratches, edge split. Near VF. ($200) 775. GERMANY, Sachsen (Electorate and duchy). Ernst, with Albrecht and Wilhelm III. 1465-1482. AR Horngroschen (27mm, 2.80 g, 12h). Freiberg mint; mm: cross pattée. Dated (14)69. Coat-of-arms surmounted by elaborately crested helmet left / Coat-of-arms surmounted by elaborately crested helmet left. Levinson I-125; Frey 132. Toned, minor deposits, areas of weak strike, a few faint scratches. VF. ($150) 213


776 777 776. LOW COUNTRIES, Deventer (City). David van Bourgondië. Bishop-Elector of Utrecht, 1456-1496. AR Groot – Groat (22mm, 1.70 g, 11h). Deventer mint. Dated 1471 (in Roman numerals). Eagle facing with wings spread, head left; two coats-of-arms below / Coat-of-arms over long cross pattée. Levinson III-63; Frey 152A-C. Toned, porosity. Near VF. ($200) 777. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Charles the Bold. 1467-1477. AR Double Briquet – Duubbel vuurijzer (26mm, 3.00  g, 2h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: hand. Dated 1ΩΛΩ (1474). Two lions rampant combatant; briquet above / Coat-of-arms over long cross fleurée. Levinson II-11; Frey 155; G&H 34-1. Toned, slightly double struck, areas of flat strike. VF. ($150)

778. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Charles the Bold. 1467-1477. AR Double Briquet – Duubbel vuurijzer (26mm, 3.06 g, 10h). Brugge (Brugges) mint. Dated 1ΩΛΩ (1474). Two lions rampant combatant; briquet above, sunburst below / Coat-of-arms over long cross fleurée. Levinson II-14a; Frey 160A; G&H 34-3. Toned, slightly double struck, minor deposits. VF. ($200)

779 780 779. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Charles the Bold. 1467-1477. AR Double Briquet – Duubbel vuurijzer (26mm, 3.04 g, 4h). Brugge (Brugges) mint. Dated 1ΩΛΩ (1474). Two lions rampant combatant; briquet above, sunburst below / Coat-of-arms over long cross fleurée. Levinson II-14a; Frey 160A; G&H 34-3. Toned. VF. ($150) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 87 (18 May 2011), lot 1408.

780. GERMANY, Kleve (Duchy). Johann I. 1448-1481. AR Half Groschen (21mm, 1.52 g, 7h). Kleve mint. Dated 1475 (in Roman numerals). Coat-of-arms; star above / Coat-of-arms over long cross pattée. Levinson I-138; Frey 166A; Noss, Kleve 145. Toned, areas of weak strike. Near VF. ($100)

781

782

781. GERMANY, Sachsen (Electorate and duchy). Ernst, with Albrecht and Wilhelm III. 1465-1482. AR Spitzgroschen (20mm, 1.53 g, 5h). Leipzig mint. Dated (14)Λ7 (1475). Coat-of-arms / Coat-of-arms within polylobe. Levinson I-148a; Frey –. Iridescent toning, slight double strike. VF. ($150) 782. GERMANY, Sachsen (Electorate and duchy). Ernst, with Albrecht and Wilhelm III. 1465-1482. AR Spitzgroschen (21mm, 1.59 g, 4h). Leipzig mint. Dated (14)Λ7 (1475). Coat-of-arms / Coat-of-arms within polylobe. Levinson I-148a; Frey –. Toned. VF. ($150) 214


784 783 783. GERMANY, Sachsen (Electorate and duchy). Ernst, with Albrecht and Wilhelm III. 1465-1482. AR Spitzgroschen (20mm, 1.54 g, 6h). Leipzig mint. Dated (14)Λ7 (1475). Coat-of-arms / Coat-of-arms within polylobe. Levinson I-148a; Frey –. Toned, some porosity. VF. ($100) 784. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Charles the Bold. 1467-1477. AR Double Briquet – Duubbel vuurijzer (26mm, 2.82 g, 12h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: hand. Dated 1ΩΛ5 (1475). Two lions rampant combatant; briquet above / Coat-of-arms over long cross fleurée. Levinson II-17; Frey 165; G&H 34-1. Iridescent toning, areas of weak strike. Good VF. ($150)

785 786 785. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Charles the Bold. 1467-1477. AR Double Briquet – Duubbel vuurijzer (26mm, 3.05 g, 1h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: hand. Dated 1ΩΛ5 (1475). Two lions rampant combatant; briquet above / Coat-of-arms over long cross fleurée. Levinson II-17; Frey 165; G&H 34-1. Toned, flan crack, slightly double struck, wavy flan. VF. ($150) 786. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Charles the Bold. 1467-1477. AR Double Briquet – Duubbel vuurijzer (25mm, 2.83 g, 3h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: hand. Dated 1ΩΛ5 (1475). Two lions rampant combatant; briquet above / Coat-of-arms over long cross fleurée. Levinson II-17; Frey 165; G&H 34-1. Toned, a few scratches. VF. ($150)

787 788 787. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Charles the Bold. 1467-1477. AR Double Briquet – Duubbel vuurijzer (25mm, 2.74 g, 10h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: hand. Dated 1ΩΛ5 (1475). Two lions rampant combatant; briquet above / Coat-of-arms over long cross fleurée. Levinson II-17; Frey 165; G&H 34-1. Toned, light scratches, some porosity, areas of weak strike. VF. ($200) 788. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Charles the Bold. 1467-1477. AR Double Briquet – Duubbel vuurijzer (26mm, 2.84 g, 10h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: hand. Dated 1ΩΛ5 (1475). Two lions rampant combatant; briquet above / Coat-of-arms over long cross fleurée. Levinson II-17; Frey 165; G&H 34-1. Toned, deposits, minor scratches. VF. ($150)

789. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Charles the Bold. 1467-1477. AR Double Briquet – Duubbel vuurijzer (26mm, 2.96 g, 9h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: hand. Dated 1ΩΛ5 (1475, 7 over 5). Two lions rampant combatant; briquet above / Coat-of-arms over long cross fleurée. Levinson II-17 note; Frey 165; G&H 34-1. Toned. VF. Struck on a broad flan. Rare overdate. ($300) 215


790 791 790. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Charles the Bold. 1467-1477. AR Double Briquet – Duubbel vuurijzer (26mm, 2.99 g, 6h). Brugge (Bruges) mint. Dated 1ΩΛ5 (1475). Two lions rampant combatant; briquet above; sunburst in exergue / Coat-of-arms over long cross fleurée. Levinson II-20a; Frey –; G&H 34-3c. Toned, some scratches. VF. ($150) 791. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Charles the Bold. 1467-1477. AR Double Briquet – Duubbel vuurijzer (27mm, 2.76 g, 2h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: hand. Dated 1ΩΛ6 (1476). Two lions rampant combatant; briquet above / Coat-of-arms over long cross fleurée. Levinson II-22; Frey 174; G&H 34-1. Toned with hints of iridescence, scrape, some weakness and porosity, slightly wavy flan. VF. ($150)

792 793 792. GERMANY, Sachsen (Electorate and duchy). Ernst, with Albrecht and Wilhelm III. 1465-1482. AR Spitzgroschen (20mm, 1.51 g, 5h). Zwickau mint mint; mm: crescent. Dated (14)ΛΛ (1477). Coat-of-arms / Coat-of-arms within polylobe. Levinson I-156; Frey 178. Toned, flan split. VF. ($100) 793. GERMANY, Sachsen (Electorate and duchy). Ernst, with Albrecht and Wilhelm III. 1465-1482. AR Spitzgroschen (20mm, 1.43 g, 4h). Zwickau mint mint; mm: crescent. Dated (14)ΛΛ (1477). Coat-of-arms / Coat-of-arms within polylobe. Levinson I-156; Frey 178. Toned, a few light scratches, slightly wavy flan. Near VF. With old collector’s tickets in fine German penmanship. ($100)

794. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Maria of Burgundy. 1477-1482. AR Double Briquet (26mm, 2.89 g, 12h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: hand. Dated 1ΩΛΛ (1477). Two lions rampant combatant; vuurijzer above / Coat-ofarms over cross fleurée. Levinson II-27; Frey 627; G&H 39-1. Toned. Good VF. Well struck. ($200) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 78 14 May 2008), lot 2098.

796 795 795. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Maria of Burgundy. 1477-1482. AR Double Briquet (26mm, 2.95 g, 1h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: hand. Dated 1ΩΛΛ (1477). Two lions rampant combatant; vuurijzer above / Coat-of-arms over cross fleurée. Levinson II-27; Frey 627; G&H 39-1. Lightly toned, scratches, areas of weak strike. VF. ($150) 796. LOW COUNTRIES, Utrecht (Bishophric). David of Burgundy. 1456-1496. AR Jager (26mm, 2.90 g, 2h). Wijkbij-Duurstede mint. Dated 1477 (in Roman numerals). Coat-of-arms / Short cross pattée; border of thirteen lis. Levinson III94; Frey 182; Van der Chijs 18.24. Lightly toned, a few scratches, areas of weak strike. Near VF. ($100) 216


798 797 797. GERMANY, Sachsen (Electorate and duchy). Ernst, with Albrecht and Wilhelm III. 1465-1482. AR Spitzgroschen (21mm, 1.50 g, 8h). Zwickau mint mint; mm: clover leaf. Dated (14)Λ8 (1478). Coat-of-arms / Coat-of-arms within polylobe. Levinson I-163; Frey 189. Toned, slightly folded flan, a few scratches. VF. ($100) 798. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Maria of Burgundy. 1477-1482. AR Double Briquet (26mm, 2.87 g, 9h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: castle. Dated 1ΩΛ8 (1478). Two lions rampant combatant; vuurijzer above / Coat-of-arms over cross fleurée. Levinson II-32; Frey 185; G&H 39-1b. Toned, light scrape, minor porosity. Near VF. ($150)

799 800 799. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Maria of Burgundy. 1477-1482. AR Briquet (27mm, 2.85 g, 1h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: castle. Dated 1ΩΛ8 (1478). Lion guardant left, holding coat-of-arms / Voided cross fleurée. Levinson II33; Frey 185A; G&H 40-1b. Toned with traces of iridescence, faint porosity, a few marks. VF. ($100) 800. LOW COUNTRIES, Flanders (County). Maria of Burgundy. 1477-1482. AR Double Briquet (26mm, 2.89 g, 2h). Bruges mint. Dated 1ΩΛ8 (1478). Two lions rampant combatant; vuurijzer above / Coat-of-arms over cross fleurée. Levinson II-34; Frey 185C; G&H 39-3b. Toned with hints of iridescence. VF. ($150)

801. LOW COUNTRIES, Flanders (County). Maria of Burgundy. 1477-1482. AR Double Briquet (27mm, 2.99 g, 2h). Bruges mint. Dated 1ΩΛ8 (1478). Two lions rampant combatant; vuurijzer above / Coat-of-arms over cross fleurée. Levinson II-34; Frey 185C; G&H 39-3b. Toned, scratches, areas of weak strike. VF. ($150)

802 803 802. LOW COUNTRIES, Flanders (County). Maria of Burgundy. 1477-1482. AR Double Briquet (27mm, 2.99 g, 10h). Bruges mint. Dated 1ΩΛ8 (1478). Two lions rampant combatant; vuurijzer above / Coat-of-arms over cross fleurée. Levinson II-34; Frey 185C; G&H 39-3b. Iridescent toning, slighly wavy flan. VF. ($150) 803. LOW COUNTRIES, Liège (Bishophric). Louis of Bourbon. 1456-1482. AR Patard (27mm, 2.68 g, 8h). Hasselt mint. Dated (14)78 (in Roman numerals). Lion guardant left, holding coat-of-arms / Cross fleurée. Levinson II-37; Frey 195; Dengis 702. Toned, slightly double struck, faint porosity. VF. ($150)

217


804 805 804. LOW COUNTRIES, Liège (Bishophric). Louis of Bourbon. 1456-1482. AR Patard (26mm, 2.91 g, 2h). Hasselt mint. Dated (14)78 (in Roman numerals). Lion guardant left, holding coat-of-arms / Cross fleurée. Levinson II-37; Frey 195; Dengis 702. Toned, porosity. Near VF. ($100) 805. LOW COUNTRIES, Utrecht (Bishophric). David of Burgundy. 1456-1496. AR Jager (26mm, 2.46 g, 7h). Wijk-bijDuurstede mint. Dated 1478 (in Roman numerals). Coat-of-arms / Short cross pattée; border of thirteen lis. Levinson III-104; Frey 186; Van der Chijs 18.26. Toned with some iridescence, deep flan crack, dent, areas of flat strike, edge chip. VF. ($150)

806. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Maria of Burgundy. 1477-1482. AR Double Briquet (26mm, 3.07 g, 12h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: castle. Dated 1ΩΛ9 (1479). Two lions rampant combatant; vuurijzer above / Coat-ofarms over cross fleurée. Levinson II-38; Frey 205; G&H 39-1b. Toned. VF. ($200)

807 808 807. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Maria of Burgundy. 1477-1482. AR Double Briquet (26mm, 2.94 g, 2h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: castle. Dated 1ΩΛ9 (1479). Two lions rampant combatant; vuurijzer above / Coat-of-arms over cross fleurée. Levinson II-38; Frey 205; G&H 39-1b. Toned, some light porosity. VF. ($150) 808. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Maria of Burgundy. 1477-1482. AR Briquet (28mm, 2.97 g, 3h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: castle. Dated 1ΩΛ9 (1479). Lion guardant left, holding coat-of-arms / Voided cross fleurée. Levinson II-39; Frey 205A; G&H 40-1b. Toned, some porosity. Near VF. ($150)

809 810 809. LOW COUNTRIES, Flanders (County). Maria of Burgundy. 1477-1482. AR Double Briquet (22mm, 1.73 g, 2h). Bruges mint. Dated 1ΩΛ9 (1479). Large ornate M within polylobe / Cross fleurée. Levinson II-41; Frey 205E; G&H 413a. Toned, spot of green deposits, small edge split. VF. ($150) 810. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Maria of Burgundy. 1477-1482. AR Double Briquet (26mm, 2.97 g, 12h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: castle. Dated 1Ω80 (1480). Two lions rampant combatant; vuurijzer above / Coat-ofarms over cross fleurée. Levinson II-45; Frey 210; G&H 39-1b. Toned, minor porosity. VF. ($200) 218


811

812

811. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Maria of Burgundy. 1477-1482. AR Double Briquet (26mm, 2.90 g, 7h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: castle. Dated 1Ω80 (1480). Two lions rampant combatant; vuurijzer above / Coat-of-arms over cross fleurée. Levinson II-45; Frey 210; G&H 39-1b. Toned, minor porosity, flan crack, a few scratches. VF. ($150) 812. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Maria of Burgundy. 1477-1482. AR Gros (22mm, 1.76 g, 7h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: castle. Dated 1Ω80 (1480). Large ornate M within polylobe / Cross fleurée. Levinson II-47; Frey 210B; G&H 41-1a. Toned. VF. ($150)

813 814 813. LOW COUNTRIES, Flanders (County). Maria of Burgundy. 1477-1482. AR Gros (23mm, 1.74 g, 4h). Bruges mint. Dated 1Ω81 (1481). Large ornate M within polylobe / Cross fleurée. Levinson II-60; Frey 672; G&H 41-3b. Lightly toned, porosity, areas of weak strike. VF. ($200) 814. GERMANY, Jülich-Berg (Duchy). Wilhelm IV. 1475-1511. AR Bausche (23mm, 1.21 g, 5h). Mülheim mint. Dated 1482 (in Roman numerals). Half-length facing bust of Wilhelm, holding sword; coat-of-arms below / Short cross pattée. Levinson I-182; Frey 277. Lightly toned, some roughness. VF. ($200)

815 816 815. GERMANY, Sachsen (Electorate and duchy). Ernst, with Albrecht. 1482-1485. AR Half Schwertgroschen (27mm, 2.08 g, 5h). Zwickau or Schneeberg mint; mm: clover. Dated (14)82 (though struck 1482-1485). Coat-of-arms within polylobe / Coat-of-arms within polylobe. Levinson I-185; Frey 232. Lightly toned, porosity, edge split. VF. ($100) 816. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Philip the Fair. Minority, 1482-1492. AR Double Briquet (26mm, 3.09 g, 10h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: castle. Dated 1Ω82 (1482). Two lions rampant combatant; vuurijzer above / Coat-ofarms over cross fleurée. Levinson II-64a; Frey –; G&H 52-1a. Toned, minor green deposits. VF. ($200)

Rare Thick Half Guldiner

817. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. County of Tyrol. Sigismund. Archduke, 1477-1490. AR Thick Half Guldiner (36mm, 31.82 g, 7h). Hall mint. Dated 1484. Crowned, armored, and draped bust right, holding scepter over shoulder and hilt of sword / Armored knight on horseback riding right, holding banner and reins; all within a circle of fourteen coats-of-arms. Levinson IV-44; Frey 260; Moeser & Dworschak 82; cf. Moser & Tursky 59-60 (for Half Guldiner). Toned, scratches, mount marks. Good VF. Rare. ($3000) 219


818 819 818. GERMANY, Kleve (Duchy). Johann II. 1481-1521. AR Stüber (26mm, 2.93 g, 7h). Kleve mint. Dated 1486 (in mixed Roman and Arabic numerals). Swan left, with one wing outstretched; coat-of-arms to left / Long cross fleurée, with C-L-I-V in quarters. Levinson I-204; Frey 282. Toned, minor flan crack, faint scratch, weak strike. Fine. ($100) 819. GERMANY, Sachsen (Electorate and duchy). Friedrich III, with Johann and Albrecht. 1486-1500. AR Half Schwertgroschen (26mm, 1.83 g, 12h). Schneeberg mint; mm: clover. Dated (14)88. Coat-of-arms within polylobe / Coat-ofarms within polylobe. Levinson I-227a; Frey 319. Lightly toned, minor porosity, scrapes. Near VF. ($100) Ex Craig A. Whitford 34 (26 November 2004), lot 368.

820. GERMANY, Sachsen (Electorate and duchy). Friedrich III, with Johann and Albrecht. 1486-1500. AR Half Schwertgroschen (26mm, 1.99 g, 1h). Schneeberg mint; mm: clover. Dated (14)88. Coat-of-arms within polylobe / Coat-ofarms within polylobe. Levinson I-227a; Frey 319. Toned, porous. Near VF. ($100)

821. GERMANY, Jülich-Berg (Duchy). Wilhelm IV. 1475-1511. AR Double Bausche (26mm, 2.65 g, 11h). Mülheim mint. Dated 1489. Lion seated left, wearing cape / Coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. Levinson I-237; Frey 322. Toned, some minor porosity, a few green deposits. VF. ($300) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 87 (18 May 2011), lot 1447.

822 823 822. GERMANY, Pommern (Duchy). Bogislaw X ‘the Great’. 1474-1523. AR Schilling (20mm, 1.25 g, 12h). Garz mint. Dated (14)89. Griffin segreant / Coat-of-arms over long cross pattée. Levinson I-243; Frey 325. Lightly toned. VF. ($100) 823. GERMANY, Kleve (Duchy). Johann II. 1481-1521. AR Braspfennig (31mm, 3.06 g, 7h). Wesel mint. Dated (14)9Z (1492). Two coats-of-arms surmounted by elaborately plumed helmet / Voided long cross pattée, with lis in each quarter. Levinson I-276; Frey 384. Toned, porosity. Near VF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 87 (18 May 2011), lot 1456.

220


825 824 824. GERMANY, Pommern (Duchy). Bogislaw X ‘the Great’. 1474-1523. AR Schilling (21mm, 1.33 g, 10h). Damm mint. Dated (14)92. Griffin segreant / Coat-of-arms over long cross pattée. Levinson I-288a; Frey 367. Lightly toned. VF. ($100) 825. LOW COUNTRIES, Gelderland (Duchy). Philip the Fair. 1492-1506. AR Double Briquet (26mm, 2.48 g, 2h). Mechelen mint. Dated 1Ω9Z (1492). Two lions rampant combatant; briquet above / Coat-of-arms over cross fleurée. Levinson III-221; Frey 391; G&H 97-4. Toned, some porosity, slightly ragged edge. VF. ($150)

826. GERMANY, Frankfurt (Imperial mint city). Friedrich III. 1452-1493. AV Goldgulden (23mm, 3.26 g, 3h). Frankfurt mint. Dated IΩ93 (1493). St. John the Baptist standing slightly right, wearing nimbus crown and holding lamb; coat-of-ams below / Orb within trilobe. Levinson I-297a; Frey 398; J&F 127; Friedberg 940. VF. ($1000) Ex Rye Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 87, 18 May 2011), lot 1462; Frankfurter Münzhandlung 144 (22 May 1995), lot 1044.

827. GERMANY, Frankfurt (Imperial mint city). Maximilian I. 1493-1519. AV Goldgulden (22mm, 3.23 g, 12h). Frankfurt mint. Dated IΩ9Ω (1494). St. John the Baptist standing slightly right, wearing nimbus crown and holding lamb; coat-of-ams below / Orb within trilobe. Levinson I-314a; Frey 416; J&F 128; Friedberg 941. Short scratch on obverse. Good VF. ($1500) Ex Michael Shutterly Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 87, 18 May 2011), lot 1465; John Davis Collection (Triton IX, 9 January 2006), lot 1833.

828 829 828. GERMANY, Göttingen (City). AR Körtling (22mm, 1.08 g, 1h). Dated 1494 (in Roman numerals). Large Gothic G within polylobe / Large Gothic G over short cross pattée. Levinson I-315; Frey 423a. Darkly toned. VF. Choice for issue. Rare. ($300) Ex Rye Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 87, 18 May 2011), lot 1466; Westfälische Auktionsgesellschaft 15 (14 February 2000), lot 1145.

829. GERMANY, Pommern (Duchy). Bogislaw X ‘the Great’. 1474-1523. AR Schilling (20mm, 1.28 g, 4h). Damm mint. Dated (14)9Ω (1494). Griffin segreant / Coat-of-arms over long cross pattée. Levinson I-320; Frey 415. Toned, faint porosity. VF. ($100) 221


830 831 830. GERMANY, Pommern (Duchy). Bogislaw X ‘the Great’. 1474-1523. AR Schilling (20mm, 1.21 g, 2h). Damm mint. Dated (14)97 (1495). Griffin segreant / Coat-of-arms over long cross pattée. Levinson I-334; Frey 424. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($100) 831. GERMANY, Brandenburg (Margravate and electorate). Johann Cicero. 1486-1499. AR Half Groschen (20mm, 1.11 g, 5h). Berlin mint. Dated IΩ96 (1496). Eagle facing, head left, with wings displayed and inverted / Coat-of-arms over long cross pattée. Levinson I-338a; Levinson I-339b (1st ed., this coin illustrated); Frey –; Bahrfeldt 64c. Toned, areas of weak strike. VF. Rare. ($300) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 87 (18 May 2011), lot 1472.

832. GERMANY, Erfurt (City). AR Pfennig (14mm, 0.34 g). Dated (14)[9]6. Wheel in coat-of-arms; 9 6 flanking / Blank. Levinson I-341; Frey 440. Lightly toned. Near VF. ($150)

833. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Philip the Fair. 1492-1506. AR Toison d’argent (30mm, 3.43 g, 9h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: lion rampant left. Dated 1Ω96 (1496). Crowned coat-of-arms over cross fleurée / Golden Fleece suspended from two vuurijzers. Levinson II-136; Frey 445; G&H 110-1. Toned, areas of flat strike. Near VF. ($200)

834 835 834. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Philip the Fair. 1492-1506. AR Toison d’argent (29mm, 3.14 g, 2h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: lion rampant left. Dated 1Ω96 (1496). Crowned coat-of-arms over cross fleurée / Golden Fleece suspended from two vuurijzers. Levinson II-136; Frey 445; G&H 110-1. Toned with hints of iridescence, a few scratches. Near VF. ($150) 835. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Philip the Fair. 1492-1506. AR Double stuiver (27mm, 2.91 g, 7h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: lion rampant left. Dated 1Ω96 (1496). Crowned coat-of-arms within polylobe / Cross fleurée with lion rampant left within voided quatrefoil at center. Levinson II-137; Frey 446; G&H 111-1a. Lightly toned, deopsits, edge cracks, scratches. VF. ($200) 222


836. GERMANY, Frankfurt (Imperial mint city). Maximilian I. 1493-1519. AV Goldgulden (23mm, 3.23 g, 8h). Frankfurt mint. Dated IΩ97 (1497). St. John the Baptist standing slightly right, wearing nimbus crown and holding lamb; coatof-ams below / Orb within trilobe. Levinson I-360; Frey 451; J&F 131; Friedberg 941. Minor edge split, areas of flat strike, faint scratches. VF. ($1000)

837. GERMANY, Hamburg (Free Hanseatic city). AV Dukat (23mm, 3.44 g, 2h). Dated IΩ9Λ (1497). The Madonna standing facing slightly right, wearing crown and holding Holy Infant, wearing nimbus crown; coat-of-arms below / The Madonna standing facing slightly right, wearing crown and holding Holy Infant, wearing nimbus crown. Levinson I-362a; Frey 454; Gaedechens 82-5; Friedberg 1100. Areas of weak strike. Near VF. ($750) Ex Rye Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 87, 18 May 2011), lot 1467.

838. GERMANY, Hamburg (Free Hanseatic city). AV Dukat (23mm, 3.37 g, 8h). Dated IΩ9Λ (1497). The Madonna standing facing slightly right, wearing crown and holding Holy Infant, wearing nimbus crown; coat-of-arms below / The Madonna standing facing slightly right, wearing crown and holding Holy Infant, wearing nimbus crown. Levinson I-362b; Frey 454; Gaedechens 86-8; Friedberg 1100. Edge marks, small die break. VF. ($750)

839 840 839. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Philip the Fair. 1492-1506. AR Toison d’argent (29mm, 3.10 g, 2h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: lion rampant left. Dated 1Ω97 (1497). Crowned coat-of-arms over cross fleurée / Golden Fleece suspended from two vuurijzers. Levinson II-138; Frey 462; G&H 110-1. Toned, a few scratches, minor deposits. VF. ($200) 840. GERMANY, Brandenburg (Margravate and electorate). Johann Cicero. 1486-1499. AR Half Groschen (20mm, 1.04 g, 4h). Berlin mint. Dated IΩ98 (1498). Eagle facing, head left, with wings displayed and inverted / Coat-of-arms over long cross pattée. Levinson I-B373; Levinson I-374C (1st ed.); Frey –; Bahrfeldt 66. Toned, areas of weak strike. VF. Very rare. ($300) Ex Rye Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 87, 18 May 2011), lot 1476.

223


841 842 841. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Philip the Fair. 1492-1506. AR Toison d’argent (28mm, 3.37 g, 9h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: lion rampant left. Dated 1Ω98 (1498). Crowned coat-of-arms over cross fleurée / Golden Fleece suspended from two vuurijzers. Levinson II-141; Frey 479; G&H 110-1. Toned, scratches and marks, minor deposits. VF. ($200) 842. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Philip the Fair. 1492-1506. AR Toison d’argent (29mm, 3.31  g, 6h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: lion rampant left. Dated 1Ω98 (1498). Crowned coat-of-arms over cross fleurée / Golden Fleece suspended from two vuurijzers. Levinson II-141; Frey 479; G&H 110-1. Toned, light scratches, areas of weak strike. Near VF. ($150)

843. GERMANY, Brandenburg (Margravate and electorate). Joachim I & Albrecht. 1499-1515. AR Groschen (26mm, 2.08 g, 2h). Berlin mint. Dated IΩ99 (1499). Eagle facing with wings spread, head left; coat-of-arms on breast / Short cross pattée with four coats-of-arms in quarters. Levinson I-396; Frey 515; Bahrfeldt 85. Toned, scratches, small delamination flaw. VF. Rare. ($300)

844 845 844. GERMANY, Bremen (Archbishophric). Johann III. 1497-1511. AR 4 Groten (29mm, 2.99 g, 7h). Bremen mint. Dated IΩ99 (1499). St. Peter seated facing on Gothic throne, holding key and Gospel book; coat-of-arms below / Key. Levinson I-404; Frey 497. Toned, slightly double struck, a few light scratches. VF. ($200) 845. LOW COUNTRIES, Holland (County). Philip the Fair. 1492-1506. AR Double stuiver (27mm, 3.14 g, 5h). Dordrecht mint. Dated 1Ω99. Crowned coat-of-arms within polylobe / Cross fleurée with rosette left within voided quatrefoil at center. Levinson III-270a; Frey 489; G&H 118-6. Toned, a few scratches, flan flaws. VF. ($100)

846 847 846. GERMANY, Göttingen (City). AR Körtling (20mm, 1.43 g, 7h). Dated 1500 (in Roman numerals). Large Gothic G within polylobe / Large Gothic G over short cross pattée. Levinson I-450; Frey 4521. Toned with hits of blue iridescence, areas of flat strike. VF. ($300) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 87 (18 May 2011), lot 1466.

847. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Philip the Fair. 1492-1506. AR Double stuiver (28mm, 2.88 g, 4h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: crown. Dated 1500. Crowned coat-of-arms within polylobe / Cross fleurée with lion rampant left within voided quatrefoil at center. Levinson II-153b; Frey –; G&H 119-1. Toned, minor scraches, wavy flan. VF. ($150) 224


848 849 848. LOW COUNTRIES, Brabant (Duchy). Philip the Fair. 1492-1506. AR Double stuiver (27mm, 3.03 g, 2h). Antwerpen (Antwerp) mint; mm: crown. Dated 1500. Crowned coat-of-arms within polylobe / Cross fleurée with lion rampant left within voided quatrefoil at center. Levinson II-153b; Frey –; G&H 119-1. Toned, deposits, edge splits, holed and plugged. VF. ($100) 849. AUSTRIA, Salzburg (Archbishophric). Leonard von Keutschach. 1495-1519. AR Batzen (25mm, 3.20 g, 9h). Dated 1500. Two coats-of-arms / Half-length bust of St. Rupert slightly left, holding salt cellar in right hand and croizer in left. Levinson IV-64a; Frey 534; Probzst 99. Toned. VF. ($75)

850 851 850. AUSTRIA, Salzburg (Archbishophric). Leonard von Keutschach. 1495-1519. AR Batzen (24mm, 2.51 g, 3h). Dated 1500. Two coats-of-arms / Half-length bust of St. Rupert slightly left, holding salt cellar in right hand and croizer in left. Levinson IV-64a; Frey 534; Probzst 99. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($200) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 87 (18 May 2011), lot 1488.

851. AUSTRIA, Salzburg (Archbishophric). Leonard von Keutschach. 1495-1519. AR Pfennig (14mm, 0.35 g). Dated 1500. Two coats-of-arms / Faint incuse of obverse. Levinson IV-65; Frey –; Probzst 125. Lightly toned. VF. ($100)

852. Lot of nine (9) early dated silver issues. Includes: 1447. Germany, Köln. AR Groschen. Levinson I-81 // 1477. Low Countries, Brabant. Maria of Burgundy. AR Double Briquet. Levinson I-27 // 1478. Low Countries, Brabant. Maria of Burgundy. AR Briquet. Levinson I-33. With old French ticket // 1478. Low Countries, Flanders. Maria of Burgundy. AR Double Briquet. Levinson II-34 // 1484. Germany, Jülich-Berg. AR Bausche. Levinson I-198 // 1499. Low Countries, Holland. Philip the Fair. AR Stuiver. Levinson III-271a (2 coins) // 1500. AUSTRIA, Salzburg. Leonard von Keutschach. AR Batzen. Levinson IV-64a // 1500. AUSTRIA, Salzburg. Leonard von Keutschach. AR Pfennig. Levinson IV-65. Chips, flan cracks, porosity, or other flaws. Fair to VF. Nine (9) coins in lot. LOT SOLD AS IS, NO RETURNS. ($300) 225


WORLD COINAGE

853. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Maximilian III. Archduke, as Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, 1585-1618. AR Taler (42mm, 28.56 g, 12h). Hall mint. Dated 1603. Maximilian standing slightly left, holding reversed sword; to left, lion facing, supporting coat-of-arms; to right, crested helmet left / Teutonic knight on horseback rearing right, holding banner and reins; garnished coat-of-arms below; all within border of fourteen smaller coats-of-arms. Moser & Tursky 366; Davenport 5848; KM 3. Minor flan flaw on obverse. Toned. Near EF. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 471 (1 July 2020), lot 481.

854. AUSTRIA, Salzburg. Paris von Lodron. 1619-1653. AR Taler (43mm, 28.81 g, 12h). Commemorating the Consecration of the Salzburger Dom (Salzburg Cathedral). Dated 1628. Half-length busts of Sts. Rupert and Virgilius facing, each wearing miter and episcopal regalia, and holding cathedral model between them; below, garnished coat-of-arms surmounted by cardinal’s hat between salt cellar and city model / Eight bishops carrying litter right; below, two angels advancing right. Probszt 1166; Davenport 3499; KM 110. Lightly toned, a few minor marks, faint hairlines. Near EF. ($500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 471 (1 July 2020), lot 487.

855. BRAZIL, Colonial. Jose I. King of Portugal, 1750-1777. AV Peça – 6400 Reis (31mm, 12h). Rio de Janeiro mint. Dated 1771 R. Laureate head right / Crowned coat-of-arms. Gomes 43.21; KM 172.2; Friedberg 65. In PCGS encapsulation 3583811, graded AU55. ($1000)

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856. CHINA, Qīng dynasty. Dézōng (Guāngxù). AD 1875-1908. AR 7 Mace 2 Candareens – Dollar (39mm, 12h). Zhílì (Chihli) province. Běiyáng Arsenal (Tientsin) mint. Dated RY 25 of the Guāngxù Emperor (1899). • zào yáng běi • kù píng qī qián èr fēn • (Made in Běiyáng/Treasury scales equal to 7 qián and 2 fēn) in Hànzì, bǎo yuán guāng xù (Valuable yuán of Guāngxù) in Hànzì around similar legend in Manchu script / • 25th YEAR OF KUANG HSÜ. • PEI YANG., flying imperial dragon facing, coiled leftward around fireball and surrounded by stylized clouds. L&M 454; Kann 196; KM (Yeoman) 73. In PCGS encapsulation 40849183, graded Genuine Cleaned-XF Detail. ($1000)

857 858 857. COLONIAL AFRICA, Sierra Leone. Sierra Leone Company. 1791-1807. Proof CU Cent (32mm, 18.91 g, 6h). Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1791 (though struck 1793). Lion advancing slightly left, head facing / Clasped hands. Vice FT.8A; KM 2.1. Lustrous brown surfaces,a few very light contact marks. Proof. Lot includes old collector’s ticket. ($300) Ex Collection of an English Queen’s Counsel (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 467, 6 May 2020), lot 524; Dix, Noonan, Webb 136 (8 June 2016), lot 136.

858. COLONIAL AFRICA, Sierra Leone. Sierra Leone Company. 1791-1807. Proof CU Cent (29mm, 6h). Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1791 (though struck 1793). Lion advancing slightly left, head facing / Clasped hands. Vice FT.9A; KM 1. In PCGS encapsulation 80854044, graded PF 64 BN. ($400)

859. FRANCE, Royal. Jean II le Bon (the Good). 1350-1364. AV Mouton d’or (30mm, 4.70 g, 6h). Paris mint. Authorized 17 January 1355. Agnus Dei standing left, head upturned right; behind, banner flying from ornate cruciform staff; all within tressure of fourteen arcs / Cross tréflée and feuillue, and fleurdelisée; in center of cross, cinqefoil within angled quadrilobe; lis in quarters; all within angled quadrilobe; in spandrels, lis flanking angles. Duplessy 291; Ciani 354; Friedberg 280. Trace of deposits in devices, slightly wavy flan. Toned. Near EF. ($1000)

860. FRANCE, Royal. Louis XVI. 1774–1793. AV Double Louis d’or (29mm, 6h). Nantes mint; différents: seated greyhound/tree. Dated 1786 T. Head left / Crown over two coats-of-arms. Duplessy 1706; Ciani 2182; KM 592.14; Friedberg 474. In NGC encapsulation 5941764-003, graded MS 63. ($2000) 227


861. FRANCE, First Republic. Consulat. Napoleon Bonaparte. Premier Consul, 1799-1804. AV 40 Francs (26.5mm, 12.77 g, 6h). Paris mint; différents: signature/rooster. Dated AN 12 A (1803/4). Head left / Denomination within wreath. VG 1080; KM 652. Minor marks. Lightly toned with hint of underlying luster. VF. ($500)

Execratio of Napoleon – The Tiger Has Been Caged

862. FRANCE, First Empire. Napoleon I. 1804-1814. AR 5 Francs (38mm, 24.51 g, 6h). Countermarked execratio issue. Paris mint; différents: signature/rooster. Dated 1811 A. Laureate head left; c/ms: facing head of tiger and rectangular punch blinding eye / Denomination within wreath. For coin: VG 584; KM 1694.1; for c/m: F. de Callataÿ and J.-B. Forestier, “Le contremarque au tigre sur les monnaies napoléoniennes” in RN 160 (2004), pp. 343-358. Toned. Host coin - Fine. Countermark - VF. Very rare. ($1000) Several Napoleonic issues were overstruck with a countermark commonly referred to as an owl’s head. These countermarks were traditionally thought to be modern fantasies struck almost a century after the Napoleonic period. However, they are now described as a tigers’s head and, along with the intentional “blinding” of the portrait, are thought to refer to the execratio, or condemnation of Napoleon the Tiger in 1815, who was “caged” at St. Helena after Waterloo.

863 864 863. FRANCE, First Empire. Napoléon I. 1804-1814. AV 20 Francs (22mm, 6.47 g, 6h). Paris mint; différents: monogram/rooster. Dated 1813 A. Laurete head left / Value within wreath. VG 1025; KM 695.1; Friedberg 511. Some light marks, underlying luster. EF. ($500) 864. FRANCE, Second Republic. 1848-1852. Piedfort CU Essai de 10 Centimes (30mm, 35.18 g, 6h). By Magniadas. Dated 1848. REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE, female head left, hair tied in bandeau; olive branches and level below / LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE, 10/ CENTIMES/ 1848 within wreath. dge: + CONCOURS MONETAIRE + PIEFORT. Mazzard 1336a; cf. KM PnB47 (for regular weight). Brown-red surfaces, spots of green on edge. Superb EF. ($300) From the J. Eric Engstrom Collection. Ex Lewis M. Reagan Collection.

228


865. GERMANY, Braunschweig-Calenberg-Hannover. Georg ( (George I of Great Britain). 1714-1727. AR Taler (42mm, 6h). Clausthal mint. Dated 1717 HCB. Horse leaping left / Crowned coat-of-arms of Great Britain with lion and unicorn supporters. Welter 2237; Davenport 2070. In NGC encapsulation 618871-002, graded MS 62. ($750)

866. GERMANY, Hamburg. AR 1½ Hochzeitstaler (59mm, 42.08 g, 12h). Struck circa 1635-1668. Man and woman standing facing one another and clasping hands; above, radiant Tetragrammaton (‫ = יחוח‬Jehovah) and dove / The Wedding at Cana. Cf. Gaedechens 1597; cf. KM 209 (3 Taler). Toned, die rust, mount removed. VF. ($500)

867. GERMANY, Münster. Sede Vacante. 1719. AR Medallic 1 1/2 Taler (47mm, 42.83 g, 12h). A. G. Pott, mintmaster. Dated 1719 AGP. Half-length facing bust of St. Paul, holding sword and Gospels, on band of shield; border of 19 coats-ofarms around / Half-length facing bust of Charlemagne, holding sword and orb; border of 19 coats-of-arms around. Schulze 212d; Zepernick 221. Toned. Good VF. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 471 (1 July 2020), lot 521.

229


868. GERMANY, Sachsen-Albertinische Linie. Johann Georg I. 1611-1656. AR Taler (45mm, 29.08 g, 12h). On his death. Dresden mint. Dated 1656. Mantled bust facing slightly right, holding sword over shoulder / Biographical inscription in ten lines. Clauss & Kahnt 349; Schnee 894; KM 451; Davenport 7614. Toned, slightly chased on obverse, edge marks. Good VF. ($500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 471 (1 July 2020), lot 529; Stack’s Bowers & Ponterio (8 January 2016), lot 42422.

869. GERMANY, Sachsen-Albertinische Linie. Johann Georg II. 1656-1680. AR Doppeltaler (64mm, 57.96 g, 12h). Dresden mint. Dated 1663 CR. Johann Georg II, in electoral regalia and holding sword, standing facing, pointing to draped table holding helmet and glove; draped column to left / Crested conjoined coats-of-arms; additional arms in border. Clauss/ Kahnt 518a; Schnee 918; Davenport 404. Toned, mount removed. Near EF. ($2000)

870. GERMANY, Sachsen-Neu-Gotha. Ernst der Fromme (the Pious). 1640-1675. AR Taler (47mm, 21.72 g, 6h). Commemorating the Wedding of Prince Bernhard and Maria Hedwig of Hesse-Darmstadt. Dated 1671. Prince Bernhard standing right, clasping hands with Maria Hedwig standing left; dove and radiant Tetragrammaton (‫ = יחוח‬Jehovah) above / Legend in twelve lines. Schnee 432; Davenport 7451. Removed from mount, small rim knock. Toned. Good VF. ($500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 471 (1 July 2020), lot 532; Stack’s Bowers Ponterio (8 January 2016), lot 42407.

230


871. HUNGARY, Holy Roman Empire. Kingdom of Hungary. Lipót I. 1657-1705. AR Taler (46mm, 28.39 g, 7h). Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz) mint. Dated 1659 KB. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Crowned and double-headed nimbate imperial eagle, holding sword and scepter; crowned and collared coat-of-arms on breast. Huszár 1365; KM 148; Davenport 3254. Toned. Good VF. ($500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 471 (1 July 2020), lot 538.

872. INDIA, Medieval (Central Deccan). Chalukyas of Kalyana (Restored). Somesvara IV Chalukya(?). 1181/4-circa 1189. AV Pagoda (15mm, 3.52 g). Garuda (or Hanuman) running right / Floral design(?). Cf. Mitchiner, South I, 282-5; cf. G&G 44-5; Adams –. Good VF. Very rare. ($750) This obverse type was utilized by Somesvara IV, while the reverse is known from several earlier, smaller denominations.

873. INDIA, Mughal Empire. Shihab al-Din Muhammad Shah Jahan. AH 1037-1068 / AD 1627-1658. AV Mohur (20mm, 11.00 g, 1h). Balkh mint. Dates not visible, but struck AD 1641-1647. Shahada within knotted quadrate frame; oaths of Rashidun in outer margins / Name and title of Shah Jahan within knotted quadrate frame; continuation of legend and mint formula in outer fields. BM –; IMC (Wright) –; Hull –; KM 260.16. Traces of deposits in devices, slightly double struck, underlying luster. Near EF. ($1000) On the border between the Mughal Empire and Safavid Iran, the city of Balkh periodically changed hands as both powers fought for control of Central Asia. Ironically, it was the Safavid shah Tahmasp I who helped the Mughal emperor Humayun recover his kingdom after he had been overthrown by Sher Shah Suri. The Mughals since that time only intermittently controlled Balkh and other Central Asian cities since they focused on their more successful conquest of India.  Shah Jahan briefly reconquered Balkh, controlling it from 1641 to 1647, when the city was finally lost to the Safavids. In their final year of holding the city, the Mughals issued extremely rare gold Mohurs, of which this is an example.  This short period represents the only issuance of Indian-type coinage by the Mughal Empire in Central Asia.

874. ITALY, Ferrara. Ercole I d’Este. 1471-1505. AR Grossone (26.5mm, 3.77 g, 10h). Bareheaded and armored bust left / St. George and the Dragon. CNI X 38; Bellesia, Ferrara 7/b; MIR 257; Biaggi 770. Old cabinet toning, minor porosity. Good VF. ($500) 231


875. ITALY, Provisional Government of Lombardy. 1848. AR 5 Lire (37mm, 25.01 g, 6h). Milan mint. Dated 1848 M. Denomination in three lines; all within wreath / Italia standing facing, head right, wearing mural crown, raising hand, and holding spear; star above. MIR 527/1; Crippa 3/A; Pagani 213; KM (C) 22.1. Light iridescence, attractive mirror proof-like surfaces, a few light hairlines. UNC. ($750) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 115 (14 September 2011), lot 873; Classical Numismatic Group 88 (14 September 2011), lot 1893 (there described as proof).

876. ITALY, Milan (Duchy). Lodovico Sforza. 1494-1499. AR Testone (27mm, 9.61 g, 1h). (mitred head of St. Ambrosius) LVDOVICS · M · S F · ANGLVS · DVX · MLI, armored bust right / P P · ANGLIE · Q3 · CO · AC · IANVE · D · 7C’, crowned coat-of-arms; olive branch and palm frond in crown; branding irons with buckets to left and right. Crippa 2; MIR 229. Toned. Near EF. ($1000)

877. ITALY, Milan (Duchy). Lodovico Sforza. 1494-1499. AR Testone (28mm, 9.60 g, 9h). (mitred head of St. Ambrosius) LVDOVICS · M · S F · ANGLVS · DVX · MLI, armored bust right / P P · ANGLIE · Q3 · CO · AC · IANVE · D · 7C’, crowned coat-of-arms; olive branch and palm frond in crown; branding irons with buckets to left and right. Crippa 2; MIR 229. Iridescent toning. Good VF. Handsome portrait. ($750)

878. ITALY, Papal States. Nicholas V. 1447-1455. AR Grosso (27mm, 3.78 g, 6h). Holy Year issue. Rome mint. Struck 1450. Coat-of-arms surmounted by Papal tiara; all within quadrilobe / Sts. Peter and Paul standing facing. MIR 327/1; Muntoni 10; Berman 329. Toned, tiny circulation marks and scratches. Good VF. The first Holy Year (Jubilee) issue and the earliest Papal coinage bearing a specific date. Very rare. ($300) From the W. R. K. Great Lakes Collection, purchased from Stephen M. Huston.

232


879. ITALY, Papal States. Urban VIII. 1623-1644. AR Piastra (43mm, 31.27 g, 6h). Rome mint. Dually dated RY 20 and 1643. Bust right, wearing zucchetto and mantum / Half-length busts of St. Peter, holding keys, and St. Paul, holding sword; above, radiant dove; coat-of-arms in exergue; all within wreath. Muntoni 28; Berman 1709; KM 205. Iridescent toning, flan flaws, light marks. Good Fine. Lot includes original ticket and envelope. ($300) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Seaby Coin & Medal Bulletin 476 (January 1958), no. PC2.

880. ITALY, Tuscany (Grand Duchy). Ferdinando I de’ Medici. 1587-1609. AR Tallero (39mm, 25.31 g, 6h). Pisa mint. Dated 1601. Crowned and armored half-length bust right, holding lis-tipped scepter and helmet / Coat-of-arms set on Maltese cross; crown above. CNI XI 17 var. (obv. legend); Montagano 443/3; Morosini 24; Davenport 4186; KM 15. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 88 (14 September 2011), lot 1922.

881. ITALY, Venice. Francesco Loredano. 1752-1762. AV Osella d’oro – 4 Zecchini (37mm, 13.54 g, 12h). Commemorating the presentation of the Rosa d’oro to Venice by Pope Clement XIII. Pietro Passo, maestra di zecca. Dually dated RY 8 and 1759 PP (in Roman numerals). * S · M · V : FRANC L LAVRED · PRINC · MVNVS · A · VIII · , Religion, holding chalice and cross, seated slightly left on ornate pedestal; around, St. Mark standing right, foot on base, and Doge kneeling left / ROSA · SUPER · RI VOS · AQUARUM (star), Rosa d’oro set in ornate vase set on base; in exergue, MDCCLIX. Paolucci, Zecca 444; Werdnig 240. Several surface and edge marks, slightly wavy flan, evidence of having been placed in a bezel. VF. Rare. ($3000) Ex El Medina Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 115, 16 September 2020), lot 904 ; Luma Collection (Spink 136, 7 October 1999), lot 572.

233


882. LOW COUNTRIES, Holland (?). temp. Dirk V-Dirk VI. 1061-1157. AR Denar (18mm, 0.89 g, 3h). Half-length crowned bust, set on double arch, wearing chainmail, holding palm frond and cross-tipped scepter; ṍ to right / Bareheaded figure in chainmail standing facing, holding lance pennant and shield; nĕƩ to right. P. Ilisch, “Die Münzprägung im Herzogtum Niederlothringen,” Jaarboek voor Munt- en Pennigkunde 84-85 (1997/8), 14.8. Some pecks. VF. Extremely rare. ($1500)

883. RUSSIA, Mid to Southern Volga. temp. Jujids (Golden Horde). 14th century. Cast AR Half Grivna – Poltina Ingot. ‘Boat-shaped’ type. Cast ingot cut to weight. Dimensions: 51mm in length; and 9 to 18mm in thickness. Weight: 94.70 g. Cf. Spassky Fig. 49; cf. Kaim 55; cf. Markov 11, 456 (all refs for full ingot). Traces of casting deposits and bubbles. As made. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 114 (13 May 2020), lot 1131 (sold, but unpaid).

884 885 884. SPAIN, Aragon. Alfonso V el Magnánimo (the Magnanimous). 1416-1458. AR Real (23mm, 3.37 g, 4h). Valencia mint. Crowned and mantled facing bust; rosette on breast; flanked by double crescents with trefoils in angles and spandrels / Crowned lozenge-shaped coat-of-arms; flanked by double crescents with trefoils in angles and spandrels. MEC 6, 218-9; Crusafont 408A.1; ME 2021. Toned. Good VF. ($300) Ex Classical Numismatic Review XLI.2 (Summer 2016), no. 428338; Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 363 (11 November 2015), lot 410.

885. SPAIN, Castile & León. Juana & Carlos I. 1516-1555. AV Escudo (24mm, 3.18 g, 4h). Sevilla (Seville) mint. Struck after 1535. Crowned coat-of-arms; S | * / Cross potent within quadrilobe; each arc ending in parsley leaf. ME 3146; Friedberg 153. Lightly toned, traces of deposits in devices. VF. ($500)

886. SWEDEN. Johan III. 1568–1592. AR 2 Riksdaler (51mm, 57.57 g, 12h). Stockholm mint. Undated issue (1587). Crowned and armored bust right, holding sword and globus cruciger / Crowned coat of arms. Tingström 9; Ahlström 20; Davenport 572. Toned, flan crack, tiny hard green deposits. VF. Very rare. ($1500) 234


Photo reduced. 887. SWEDEN, Plate Money. Fredrik I. 1720–1751. CU 4 Daler (225x262 mm, 2.87 kg). Dated 1735. Center stamp: 4 / DALER/ SILF : MYNT over crossed arrows. Four stamps in corners: Crowned FRS over 1735. Tingström, Plate p. 296, stamps A/16; KM PM74. Brown surfaces, minor roughness. Good VF. ($1500) Ex J. Eric Engstrom Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 105, 10 May 2017), lot 1176.

888. SWITZERLAND, Kanton Bern. Bern. AR Taler (38.5mm, 6h). Dated 1795. Crowned coat-of-arms / Soldier standing left, resting sword on ground; two feathers in cap. HMZ 2-218b; KM 149; Davenport 1759. In NGC encapsulation 371076-012 graded MS 61. ($750)

235


WORLD MEDALS Struck Cavino

889. ANCIENT THEMES, Roman Imperial. Antonia Minor. Augusta, AD 37 and 41. Æ ‘Dupondius’ (31mm, 14.59 g, 4h). Paduan type. By Giovanni da Cavino, 1500-1570. ANTONIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, Claudius standing left, holding simpulum; S C flanking. Johnson & Martini –; Klawans 3. Brown surfaces. Good VF. Struck example. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 106 (13 September 2017), lot 1034; Spink 147 (4 October 2000), lot 344 (there as a genuine dupondius).

890. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Archduchy of Austria. Franz II. Emperor, 1792-1806. AV Medal (24.5mm, 4.37 g, 12h). Coronation commemorative. Dated 14 July 1792 (in Roman numerals). LEGE ET FIDE, crowned globus cruciger; crossed sword and scepter in background / FRANCISCVS ·/HVNG · ET · BOH · REX ·/ARCH · AVST · M · D · HETR ·/ELECTVS ·/REX · ROMANORVM ·/CORONATVS ·/XIV · IVL ·/MDCCXCII. Julius 2973. Slightly wavy flan, some marks. EF. ($1000) Ev Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 389 (18 January 2017), lot 1349.

891. FRANCE, Royal. Henri II. 1547-1559. Cast Æ Medal (55mm, 43.73 g, 12h). On the French Victories Against the Armies of the Holy Roman Empire. Unsigned. Dated 1552. HENRICVS · II · GALLIARVM REX INVICTISS · P P ·, laureate and armored bust right / OB RES IN ITAL· GER· ET GAL· FORTITER AC FOELIC· GESTAS, Victory, holding palm frond, Abundantia, holding cornucopia, and Renown (Fama), blowing trumpet decorated with royal banner in ornate cart drawn by four horses prancing over banner and arms below; EX VOTO PVB/1552 in two lines in exergue. Mazerolle 99; Jones 65. Brown patina, holed for suspension. Good VF. Early aftercast ($300)

236


892. FRANCE, Royal. Catherine de Medici. Regent, 1559-1563. Cast Æ Medal (55mm, 54.21 g, 12h). Mother of Three Future Kings of France. By Guillaume Martin (558-?1590). (rosette) CATHAR · HEN · II · VXOR · FRAN · II · CAROL IX · ET HEN III · REG GALL · MATER · PIISS, veiled bust of Catherine de Medici right / (cross crosslet) FRANCISC · II · CAROL · IX · REGES · GALL · HENRIC · III · GALL · ET · POL · REX, laureate head of Henry III above, below, laureate heads of Francis II and Charles IX vis-à-vis. Mazerolle 124; Jones 85. Red-brown and green patina, scattered marks, original suspension loop attached. Good VF. Early contemporary cast. ($200)

893. FRANCE, Royal. Louis XVI. 1774–1793. Pewter Uniface Medal (120mm, 368.00 g, 12h). Coronation of Marie Antoinette as Queen of France. By P.-J. Lorthior (1733-1813). Dated 1774. MARIE ANTOINETTE D’AUTRICHE REINE DE FRANCE 1774, Marie Antoinette enthroned right on royal daïs, being presented royal coat-of-arms by Victory alighting left and supported by cherub; columns on pedestal in background; clouds around; LORTHIOR · IN · ET · SC · below; all within ornate border / Blank, but for ink inscription. BDM III 477. Toned, scattered marks, original suspension loop attached, ink inscription on reverse. Good VF. Rare. ($300) 237


894. FRANCE, First Republic. Consulat. Napoleon Bonaparte. Premier Consul, 1799-1804. Copper Plated Pewter Cliché (69mm, 27.07 g). Commemorating the Battle of Marengo and the Passage of the St. Bernard. By J.-P. Montagny after B. Andrieu. Dually-dated 26 Prairial and 25 Floréal AN 8 (14 June and 15 May 1800 in Roman numerals)). Napoleon (as Jupiter) on horseback rearing left, holding reins and preparing to hurl thunderbolt; PASSAGE DU GD ST BERNARD/LE XXV FLOREAL/ AN VIII in three lines in exergue / Blank with muslin covering. Bramsen 35. Light brown toning. EF. ($500)

895. FRANCE, First Republic. Consulate. Napoleon Bonaparte. Premier Consul, 1799-1804. Pewter Cliché (68.5mm, 52.68 g). Commemorating the Battle of Marengo and the Passage of the St. Bernard. By J.-P. Montagny after B. Andrieu. Dually-dated 26 Prairial and 25 Floréal AN 8 (14 June and 15 May 1800 in Roman numerals). BONAPARTE PREMIER CONSUL DE LA RÉPUBLIQUE FRANSE, bust of Napoleon Bonaparte right; below, scene of the Battle of Marengo on plaque; in background, military and musical instruments; BATAILLE DE MARENGO/LE XXVI PRAIRIAL/AN VIII in three lines in exergue / Blank with black paper covering. Bramsen 40. Attractive gunmetal gray patina, a few light marks. EF. ($300)

238


896. FRANCE, First Empire. Napoleon I. 1804-1814. Pewter Uniface Medal (68mm, 45.52 g). Coronation as Emperor. By Andrieu. NAPOLEON EMPEREUR, laureate, draped, and armored bust right, wearing Collar of the Legion of Honor; ANDRIEU F. on truncation of shoulder / Blank. Bramsen 299. Attractive gunmetal gray patina, a few faint scratches. EF. ($300)

897. FRANCE, First Empire. Napoleon I. 1804-1814. AR Medal (68mm, 159.40 g, 12h). On the Public Festivities of the Coronation. By Galle and Jeuffroy. Dated Frimaire AN 13 (November-December 1804 in Roman numerals). NEAPOLIO IMPERATOR., laureate bust left; GALLE FECIT. below / TVTELA PRAESENS, Napoléon, in Roman military attire, seated right on curule chair, holding eagle-tipped scepter, receiving personification of Paris, wearing mural crown standing left; in background to right, cherub at ship’s tiller; above, N superimposed on radiate star; PRUDHON DEL JEUFFROY FEC on ground line; EPVLVM SPOLLEMNE/ IMPERATORIS IN CVRIA/VRBANA · FRIM · A · XIII in two lines in exergue. Bramsen 358. Lightly toned, traces of die rust, hairlines. EF. ($1000)

898. FRANCE, First Empire. Napoleon I. 1804-1814. Æ Medal (43mm, 45.68 g, 12h). On the Capitulation of Paris. By Andrieu, Brenet, and Denon. Dated March 1814 (in Roman numerals). NAPOLEON EMP · ET ROI., laureate head right; ANDRIEU [F] · on truncation of neck / Fortune, seen from behind, standing right on departing vessel with no one at tiller, looking left at broken wheel in sky; BRENET F · to left, DENON · D · to right; FORTUNE ADVERSE/MARS MDCCCXIV in two lines in exergue. Cf. Bramsen 1365. Red-brown surfaces, light rub on high points. EF. Struck on a cast flan in the manner of an ancient Roman sestertius or medallion. ($1000) 239


899. GERMANY, Harz. AR Double Tauftaler (64mm, 52.18 g, 4h). Zellerfeld mint. Struck circa 1680. Ⴛ tauffet ſie im nomen nomen des vaters undt des ſohnes undt des h ·Geistes ·Mat · 28 · 19 Ⴛ (in Fraktur), baptism of Christ in the River Jordan by John the Baptist / Ⴛ wer glaubt undt getaufft wirdt der wirdt ſelig werden Marci · 16 · 16 (in Fraktur), Gott vater durch die tauff/zum kinde nimt mich auff/Gott ſohn mit ſeinem blut/macht mich gerecht und gut/Gott h · Geiſt zeucht ein/ mein lehrer troſt zu seyn/biſs aus der eitelkeit/ich komm zur ewigkeit/Gal · 3 · 26 · 27 · Tit · 3 · 5 · 6 · 7 ·/1 Pet · 3 · 2 · 1 in ten lines (in Fraktur); ornate scrollwork above; three rosettes, one obliterated by numeral 2 in incuse. Knyphausen 7295 var. (with mintmaster’s initials); Fassbender 2828 var. (same). Field marks and edge marks, evidence of having been placed in a bezel. Iridescent toning. EF. ($1500)

900. GERMANY, Kaiserreich. Wilhelm II. 1888-1918. AR Medal (60mm, 109.71 g, 12h). On the Official Opening of the Kaiser Wilhelm Kanal at Kiel, 20 June 1895. By F. Herter and O. Schultz. Above, bust of Kaiser Wilhelm I right, coatsof-arms on oak and laurel; below, busts of Kaisers Fridrich III and Wilhelm II vis-à-vis, set on palm fronds with imperial coat-of-arms / beg : 1887 Ⴛ NORD OST-SEE-CANAL Ⴛ 1895 volld :, personification of the North Sea left, wearing crown, holding harpoon, and surrounded by seal, oyster, and lobster, shaking hand with personification of Baltic Sea, holding net and surrounded by fish; in background lighthouse to left and right; F. HERTER SC. and O. SCHULTZ F.; all set on ornate coat-ofarms with banner inscribed NAVIGARE NECESSE EST. Marienburg 7012 var. (issue in bronze); Lange 1363a. Toned, a few marks and hairlines. EF. Very rare. ($750) Originally, only 56 specimens were struck in silver. Of these, 50 were given by the Kaiser to royal guests in attendance; the remaining six were given to the Kaiserin’s cabinet and the Rechsamt des Innern (Imperial Office of the Interior). An addition three medals were subsequently ordered for the Kronprinz and the Duke of Sachsen-Altenburg

240


901. IRAN, Pahlavis. Muhammad Reza Shah. AH 1360-1398 / AD 1941-1979. AV 14 Rials Philatelic Medal (36x44mm, 24.84 g, 12h). Coronation of Farah Diba as Shahbanu. Dated SH 1346 (AD 1967). AGW: 0.7187 oz. Crowned conjoined busts of Shah and Shahbanu left within ornate floral frame; inscription in Persian above; below, additional inscriptions in English and Persian, as well as date; all with philatelic type perforation / Blank, but for incuse inscription and hallmarks 121 MI and 900. See St. James’s 13, lot 235 (for another example). Spot of tone, minor handling marks. EF. ($1250)

902. IRAN, Pahlavis. Muhammad Reza Shah. AH 1360-1398 / AD 1941-1979. AV 6 Rials Philatelic Medal (52x65mm, 49.73 g, 12h). One Year Anniversary of Coronation of Farah Diba as Shahbanu. Dated SH 1347 (AD 1968). AGW: 1.439 oz. Crowned facing half-length bust of Shahbanu on green enamel background; some jewels highlighted with similar treatment; inscription in Persian above; below, additional inscriptions in English and Persian, as well as date, with red enamel floral treatment; all with philatelic type perforation / Blank, but for incuse inscription and hallmarks 121 MI and 900. See Chaponnière & Firmenich 6, lot 830 (for another example, but in brown enamel). EF. ($3000)

903 904 903. IRAN, Pahlavis. Muhammad Reza Shah. AH 1360-1398 / AD 1941-1979. AV 2½ Pahlavi Medal (30mm, 20.34 g, 12h). Commemorate the 10,000th Day of the Shah’s Reign. Tehran mint. Dated SH 1347 (AD 1968). AGW: 0.5885 oz. Head left / Four-line inscription within wreath; Pahlavi Crown above. KM –; Friedberg –; Heritage 3049, lot 31072. Lightly toned with underlying luster, a few hairlines. EF. ($750) 904. IRAN, Pahlavis. Muhammad Reza Shah. AH 1360-1398 / AD 1941-1979. Proof AV 3 Pahlavi Medal (39mm, 25.01 g, 12h). On the Shah’s Visit to the Tomb of Imam Reza at Mashhad. Dated SH 1349 (AD 1970). AGW: 0.7236 oz. Shah praying at the Tomb of Imam Reza / View of the Goharshad Mosque; hallmarks 121 MI and 900 to lower left. See Goldberg 90, lot 3572 for another example. Minor handling marks. Proof. ($1250) 241


905. IRAN, Pahlavis. Muhammad Reza Shah. AH 1360-1398 / AD 1941-1979. Proof AV 2½ Pahlavi Medal (32mm, 20.00 g, 12h). On the 18th Birthday of Crown Prince Reza Pahlavi. Bank Melli mint. Dated MS 2536 (AD 1977). AGW: 0.5784 oz. Crowned conjoined busts of Shah, Shahbanu, and Crown Prince left / Four-line inscription within wreath; seal of bank above. See Rauch 94, lot 2477 for another example. Minor handling marks. Proof. ($1000)

906. ITALY, Ferrara. Leonello d’Este. 1407-1450. Cast Brass Medal (96mm, 312.00 g, 12h). Commemorating his Marriage to Maria d’Aragona. By Pisanello. Dated 1444 (in Roman numerals), but a later cast. Bust left; · GE · R · A´R · above; LEONELLVS | MARCHIO/· ESTE | NSIS across field; · D · FERRARIE · REGII · ET · MVTINE ·below / Cupid standing left on rocky ground, holding scroll and teaching lion standing right to sing; behind lion, eagle standing left in bare tree; to right, cippus decorated with ship left under sail and · M ·/CCCC/XLIIII; to right of cippus; · OPVS ·/PISANI ·/PICTORIS . Hill 32 (for original). Brown surfaces, edge marks. VF. Later cast of an important Renaissance medal. ($500) 242


907. ITALY, Papal States. Paul V. 1605-1621. Restrike Æ Medal (50mm, 54.63 g, 12h). On the Reconstruction of the Ponte di Ceprano over the Liri River. By Giacomo Antonio Moro. Dated RY 16 (AD 1620/1), but later restrike. PAVLVS V BVRGHESIVS RO P MAX, bareheaded bust right, wearing mantum; · I · A · MORI · on truncation of bust; · AN · XVI · below bust; (voided star stops); all within ornate border / CEPERANI · PONS · SUPER · LIRIM ·, · RESTITVTVS · in exergue, view of the triple-arched bridge of the River Liri; to the right, fortress constructed at the time of Pope Julius II; all within ornate border. CNORP 1103 and see p. 581 (for dies used). Brown surfaces, traces of hard green on head, obverse die break, a few light marks. Near EF. ($200) Ex CGB e-Monnaies January 2018 (30 January 2018), lot 336 (expertly conserved since).

908. ITALY, Venice. Marcantonio Memmo. 1612-1615. Cast CU Cliché (100mm, 90.54 g, 12h). On the Visit of the New Doge to the Holy See. By G. Dupré. Dated 1612. MARCVS ANTO NIVS MEMMO DVX VENETIARVM, bust right, wearing corno ducale / Incuse of obverse. Cf. Mazerolle 669; cf. Jones 37 and 38. Lacquered brown surfaces, reverse filled with lead, suspension loop attached, but now broken. As made. ($300)

243


909. ITALY, Venice. Francesco Morosini. 1688-1694. Æ Medal (44mm, 29.31 g, 1h). Capture of Fort Napoli di Malvasia. By P.H. Müller and F. Kleinert, Nürnberg. Dated 12 August 1690. ALCIDES DOMITO RAPIT AUREA POMA DRACONE, Hercules standing slightly right, resting club on ground and plucking apple from tree to right; slain dragon at feet / NEAPOLIS MALVASIÆ, three ships engaging with coastal fortification; in exergue, VLTRA SESQVI SECLVM SVBIVGO TURC/ IN EXPAGNAB . HABITA T D VIRTVTI/ VENETÆ CEDIT ET AD PRISCA RE/DIT OBSEQVIA . AVSPIC . SER . D ./ MOROSINI FORTITVDINE/ EXC . CORNERI CAP . G ./ D . 12 . AVG . 1690 . Edge: VT IVSTIS · CEDVNT OMNIA · FLVXA VIRIS. Voltolina 1085. Brown surfaces with traces of red. EF. Rare. ($1000)

910. RUSSIA, Empire. Aleksandr II Nikolaevich. 1855-1881. AR Medal (65mm, 121.50 g, 12h). Consecration of St. Isaac’s Cathedral (Исаакиевский Собор) in St. Petersburg, 30 May 1858. By N. Kozin and V. Alexeev. Dated 1858. Central medallion with portrait of Petr I Alexeyevich Velikiy (Peter the Great) right; around, medallions of Ekaterina II , Pavl I, Aleksandr I, Nikolai I, and Aleksandr II around; between, bows of oak and laurel tied by ribbon with star above; Н.КОЗИН.Р below bust of Nicholas I / Façade of St. Isaac’s Cathedral (Исаакиевский Собор); APXIIT.MOIITΦEPPAIIΛЪ and B.AΛEКCѣEBЪ.Р on ground line; in ornate Cyrillic, ornate two line legend above, five-line legend in exergue. Diakov 677.2. Some light marks, small spot of die rust on obverse. Lightly toned. EF. Very rare. In special presentation box. ( $4000)

244


911. RUSSIA, Empire. Nikolai II Aleksandrovich. 1894-1917. AR Medal (70.6mm, 173.01 g, 12h). On the Visit of the Tsar and Tsarina to France, 5-9 October 1896. By J.C. Chaplain. Dated 1896. NICHOLAS · II ALEXANDRA ·, conjoined busts of Tsar and Tsarina right / Seven-line inscription describing the visit; arms of Russia and France above, floral spray below. Edge: (cornucopia) ARGENT. Diakov 1212. Iridescent toning. EF. ($500)

End of Session 3

245


Session 4 – Wednesday, May 20, 2021 — 2 PM

UNITED STATES COINAGE

912. COLONIAL. 1652 Massachusetts Pine Tree Shilling. Small Planchet. 70.2 grains. Noe 29; Salmon 11-F; W 930. In NGC encapsulation 5938154-010, graded VF 25. ($2000) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. Part of a series of coinage first minted in 1652 by the Massachusetts Bay Colony. All subsequent coinage, and the pine tree type would be the last, were dated 1652 to comply with English law which reserved the right of coinage to the crown. But in 1652, England was a Commonwealth, Charles I having been beheaded in 1649. This type circulated widely in the new world and numerous varieties can be found and collected. This “small planchet” type, Salmon 11-F, has an even gray patina with minimal marks on either side. Nicely centered and well struck, this coin would be an interesting addition to a collection of early Americana.

913 914 913. 1795 Lettered Edge, Punctuated Date Half Cent. Br. 2a; C 2a (Rarity 3). In NGC encapsulation 5938154-011, graded VG DETAILS, CORROSION. ($300) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. Authentic with some corrosion on both sides, as is common for the early cents and half cents. This is the punctuated date lettered edge variety of this 1795 cent, liberty cap with pole.

914.

1861 Indian Head Cent. A few spots of residue. Proof.

($300)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. This wonderful copper-nickel proof cent is part of an assembled 1861 proof set that Jay Galst had in his collection. The surfaces have the normal tan color of this metal with significant areas of colorful iridescent toning. The coin is virtually contact mark free. There are two tiny darker patches on the obverse, which are noted for identification. Sharp and with strongly defined ridges between denticles, devices and fields. This is a lovely example of this date in proof condition.

915.

1899 Indian Head Cent. In NGC encapsulation 5938163-003, graded PF 65 RD CAMEO.

($500)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. Of 2,031 Proofs struck, NGC has encapsulated only 3 in PF 65 RD CAMEO, only 1 graded higher than this gorgeous coin. The surfaces have a wonderful cameo contrast consistent with the grade. Deeper orange toning highlights the peripheries of both sides. A couple of small areas of iridescent purple toning are noted for identification. Certainly a coin that would be a fit for the finest set of proof Indian Cents.

246


916.

1909-S Indian Head Cent. In NGC encapsulation 5938151-011, graded MS 64 RB.

($1000)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. A coin with the smallest mintage in the series. This coin has much mint red still present. Free of any distracting marks, the softness in the feather tips is the only thing keeping this piece from a higher grade. Certainly a choice example at the MS64RB level.

917

918

919 917.

1909-S VDB Lincoln Cent. In NGC encapsulation 5938151-012, graded MS 63 RB.

($1000)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. Much mint red remains on both sides of this important Lincoln cent. The obverse has a wood grain look with the mix of red and brown. The reverse has both woodgrain and a spotted appearance, but also with much original mint red present. The surfaces are virtually mark free indicating a higher grade might be obtainable.

918. 1922 No D, Strong Reverse Lincoln Cent. In NGC encapsulation 5938151-014, graded VF 20 BN STRONG REVERSE. ($500) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. This strong reverse cent is the most desirable of the die pairs for this missing mintmark date. This die combination is noted by the strong second 2 in the date and the excellent remaining detail on the reverse, particularly on the wheat ears. There is a small dig on Lincoln’s chin. Otherwise this coin has very clean surfaces for the assigned grade.

1955 Doubled Die Cent – Highly Popular Guide Book Variety 919.

1955 Doubled Die Obverse Lincoln Cent. FS-101. Pleasing brown surfaces. EF.

($750)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. The obverse doubling is clearly visible without magnification, making this one of the most popular varieties in American numismatics. Areas of blue tone add to the attractiveness of this example. The coin is mark free save for a few tiny dings on the reverse lettering, which are noted for identification purposes. Otherwise this is a superior example for the grade.

247


920.

1861 Silver Three-Cent Piece. In NGC encapsulation 5938164-002, graded MS 64.

($300)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. This coin was purchased by Jay Galst for his 1861 proof set. The coin indeed has many indications of being a proof. The transition from edges and devices is fairly sharp and the piece is very well struck. However NGC deemed this a regular circulation strike. The wildly mottled iridescent green, blue and orange toning makes this a very eye-catching piece. Most likely the last circulating silver coin during the beginning of the American Civil War, this coin is a rare survivor in this state of preservation. Choice and attractive.

921.

1870 Silver Three-Cent Piece. In NGC encapsulation 5938163-013, graded PF 63.

($500)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. With a mintage of 1,000 pieces, the 1870 three-cent piece gives a glimpse into the post Civil War collecting habits in the United States. Americans were still recovering from the devastation of the Civil War and coin collecting was just starting to resume at a somewhat normal level. Small denomination proofs were becoming popular and the mintage for this date confirms this. The present example is virtually mark free but has a slightly softer strike on the central devices. The toning is a wonderful purple and orange at the peripheries turning to lustrous silver in the centers. A very attractive example of the type at this grade level.

922.

922

923

1861 Liberty Seated Half Dime. In NGC encapsulation 5938164-001, graded PF 63.

($300)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. From a mintage of 1,000 pieces, this is part of the Jay Galst proof set assembled for 1861. Sharply struck with the normal slightly offset obverse die. This coin has minimal marks and attractive toning, particularly at the reverse borders. A coin for a potential resubmission to seek a higher grade.

923.

1867 Liberty Seated Half Dime. In NGC encapsulation 5938151-001, graded PF 64.

($500)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. Part of a mintage of just 625 pieces, this is a beautifully toned example. Toning ranges from iridescent blue, purple, and purple on the obverse to a dramatic purple and orange on the reverse. Some breaks in the obverse toning are noted and likely prevent this coin from a higher grade. Virtually mark free and choice.

924.

1899 Liberty Head Nickel. In NGC encapsulation 5938163-002, graded PF 66.

($300)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. From a mintage of 2,301 pieces, this pristine example of a proof Liberty Head nickel is about as clean as a coin can get. This coin could match the quality of any extant examples. A very attractive coin with just a hint of light toning.

248


925.

926 925 1861 Liberty Seated Dime. In NGC encapsulation 5938163-015, graded PF 62.

($300)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. From a mintage of 1,000 pieces, this dime is virtually mark free. The satiny silver surfaces have only light dabs of golden orange tone. Part of the Jay Galst 1861 proof set, this coin seems worthy of a higher grade. A wonderful example that probably has a resubmission in its future.

926.

1899 Barber Dime. In NGC encapsulation 5938163-001, graded PF 65 CAMEO.

($500)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. From a mintage of just 846 pieces, this wonderful coin is certainly worthy of the Cameo designation. The lustrous fields have light golden tone with small areas of reddish purple iridescence on the obverse. Another coin we think is a strong candidate for resubmission and upgrade.

927. 1861 Liberty Seated Quarter. In NGC encapsulation 5938163-014, graded PROOF DETAILS, REV CLEANED. ($300) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. Also from the Jay Galst proof set dated 1861, this quarter was net graded by NGC due to an area of apparent cleaning long ago mostly seen in the reverse fields. Two small spots of toning are noted on the obverse as well. An otherwise lovely example of the issue that is crisply struck and attractive.

928. 1868 Liberty Seated Quarter. In NGC encapsulation 5938163-011, graded PF 64 ULTRA CAMEO. Of 600 Proofs struck, NGC has encapsulated 2 as ULTRA CAMEO, only 1 graded higher. PCGS has not graded any 1868 proofs in DCAM. ($750) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. This coin is simply stunning. The uniform peripheral orange and purple toning make this coin stand out like few others are able to do. v

249


930

929 929.

1899 Barber Quarter. In NGC encapsulation 5938154-015, graded PF 62.

($300)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. From a mintage of 846 pieces, this coin is a beautiful example of the type and date. Pure white on the obverse, the piece has light golden toning on the reverse peripheries. NGC was pretty harsh on the grading for this piece likely due to its untoned appearance. We think this coin could, and should, grade much higher. A lovely coin and worthy of serious consideration.

930. 1916 Standing Liberty Quarter. In NGC encapsulation 5938141-005, graded VG DETAILS. OBV DAMAGE. ($1500) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. Key date in the series. There are a few obverse digs on this coin that detract very little from its appearance. All the markers for the 1916 date are there including a partial date. One wonders how long this coin circulated before a lucky collector picked it up and realized they were holding the key date Standing Liberty quarter in their hands. This is an excellent example for the coin board collector to fill that elusive hole.

931

932 931.

1932-D Washington Quarter. In NGC encapsulation 5938151-008, graded MS 62.

($750)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. Key date in the series. This, and the following 1932-S, are truly head scratchers. This is simply a stunning coin. Light golden flecks are present on the obverse but the coin is otherwise untoned. This seems to be a hangup with NGC and they have truly slammed both this and the next coin in their one pass through the certification cycle. It should be noted that Jay Galst had all his coins “raw.” The only time any of this collection has passed through a grading service is once, just prior to this auction. This coin deserves, and will get, a higher grade.

932.

1932-S Washington Quarter. In NGC encapsulation 5938151-009, graded MS 62.

($300)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. A key date in the series. As noted for the 1932-D above, this coin does not seem to have gotten a grade anywhere near what it deserves. Untoned except for splashes of orange/brown on the obverse upper half and reverse lower half, this coin is virtually mark free. We think this, and the preceding coin, would fit perfectly well in an MS65 quarter collection. Worthy of a strong bid.

250


933. 1839-O Capped Bust, Reeded Edge Half Dollar. In NGC encapsulation 5938190-002, graded AU DETAILS, CLEANED. ($750) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. An important type coin from the New Orleans Mint. This piece has some light hairlines that indicate a cleaning from long ago. It has toned nicely and is an attractive coin in hand. Part of a two year type where bust halves had the reverse denomination changed from “50 CENTS” to “HALF DOL.”

934

935

934.

1861 Liberty Seated Half Dollar. In NGC encapsulation 5938141-006, graded PF 63 CAMEO.

($750)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. Part of the Jay Galst 1861 proof set, this stunning half dollar is from the 1,000 piece mintage for that year. Only the rims exhibit any toning on this sharp cameo specimen. Two small dark spots are seen on the reverse and apparently NGC felt this prevented the coin from receiving a higher grade.

935. 1868 Liberty Seated Half Dollar. In NGC encapsulation 5938163-012, graded PF 65 CAMEO. Of 600 Proofs struck, NGC has encapsulated 29 as CAMEO and 2 as ULTRA CAMEO. This coin ranks high in the NGC Census–only 7 graded higher in CAMEO and 2 higher in ULTRA CAMEO. ($1500) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. A stunning coin in every respect. Frosty devices are surrounded by lustrous fields. The orange and blue iridescent peripheral toning offsets the coin in an eye-catching and dramatic way. Worthy of inclusion in the finest collection of proof Liberty Seated Half Dollar.

251


936.

1899 Barber Half Dollar. In NGC encapsulation 5938154-014, graded PF 65 CAMEO.

($1500)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. As with the previous coin, this example is simply stunning in appearance. Cameo devices are offset by lustrous fields. All is offset by beautiful orange and blue iridescent peripheral toning. An eye-catching, wonderful coin in all regards.

937.

1795 Flowing Hair Dollar. Two leaves. BB-21; B-1. In NGC encapsulation 5938141-004, graded F 12. ($2000)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. The 1795 “two leaves” type refers to the leaves inside the wreath under the eagle’s wings. A small variety for the flowing hair dollar which is an important addition to any US coinage type set. While produced in both 1794 and 1795, the 1794 is exceedingly rare and most collectors will be satisfied with an example of this date. Even gray tone with a faint scratch on the obverse and planchet adjustment marks on the reverse. A very pleasant example for the grade.

938.

1795 Draped Bust Dollar. BB-51; B-14. In NGC encapsulation 5938141-001, graded XF 40.

($5000)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. The mint changed the flowing hair design to the draped bust design midway through coinage in 1795. Besides the obvious change to the obverse, the eagle saw extensive modifications on the reverse as well. This attractive example has minimal marks and an attractive blue-gray patina.

252


939

940

939.

1861 Liberty Seated Dollar. In NGC encapsulation 5938141-003, graded PF 63.

($2500)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. This, the final coin from the Jay Galst 1861 proof set, is a beautiful example of the Seated Liberty Dollar series. Like all silver proof coins of this year, the mintage was 1,000. The coin has a muted gray overall patina highlighted by some iridescent blue and gold on the obverse. The overall toning makes the coin quite attractive in hand. The surfaces are virtually mark free. This coin is certainly a candidate for resubmission.

940. 1866 Motto Liberty Seated Dollar. In NGC encapsulation 5938141-002, graded PF 64 ULTRA CAMEO. Of 725 Proofs struck, NGC has encapsulated 16 as ULTRA CAMEO, only 8 graded higher. ($3000) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. This coin is superb in every respect. The cameo contrast is dramatic and the toning is exceptional. The fields have a light golden-orange tone trending to brighter red-orange and vivid iridescent blue at the borders. Virtually mark free and suitable for the finest collection of Liberty Seated Dollars. Fresh off the conclusion of the Civil War, coinage of proofs had dropped to a level of 725 in this year. An important change was made to the design of US coinage with the addition of the motto “In God We Trust.” 1866 would be its first appearance on US silver dollars. It would take years before precious metal coinage would see normal circulation again. This proof was clearly set aside immediately by its buyer and has been carefully preserved by collectors ever since.

253


941.

1899 Morgan Dollar. In NGC encapsulation 5938154-013, graded PROOF DETAILS, CLEANED. ($750)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. From an original mintage of just 846, this lovely proof from the Jay Galst Collection has much to offer in spite of it receiving a net grade. This is a mark-free coin that had apparently been dipped long ago but is now starting to retone. This is a very attractive coin in hand.

942.

942 943 1837 Classic Head Quarter Eagle. In NGC encapsulation 5938173-011, graded AU 55.

($750)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. A lovely example of the type from the short-lived (1834-1839) Classic Head Quarter Eagle series. This date is normally seen softly struck over Liberty’s ear, as here. There are a few scattered light marks, as would be expected for the grade. Overall, this is an eye-appealing example of the type.

943.

1808 Capped Bust Left Half Eagle. In NGC encapsulation 5938163-005, graded VF 30.

($2000)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. A pleasing type coin from this short-lived series of “large bust” Capped Bust Half Eagles. This coin type was only produced for a period of six years (1807-1812). Necessary for a gold type set, this type is always in demand. A few light marks are noted, as would be expected for the grade. Overall a pleasant specimen.

944.

944 1839 Liberty Head Half Eagle. Toned. EF.

945

($500)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. First year of issue for the type. Many changes were happening at the mint at this time. Coinage redesign was the norm rather than the exception. The Classic Head Half Eagle design was replaced this year by the Liberty Head design. A steam press was now in full operation at the mint. As David Akers points out, this first issue liberty head design is sufficiently different from later dates. This coin should be considered its own gold type, making it necessary for a type set. This is a rather clean coin for the grade with minimal marks and abrasions.

945.

1840 Liberty Head Half Eagle. Toned. AU.

($500)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. This is what David Akers refers to as the second head type for this series. The date has been slightly enlarged and is now linear. This coin is well struck with all stars fully defined. Scattered light marks are on both sides. Attractive peripheral toning is also present on both obverse and reverse. An attractive example for the grade.

254


946.

946 1850 Small Date Liberty Head Eagle. Choice EF.

947

($750)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. Rarer than the large date variety, this 1850 Liberty Head eagle has a date logotype which was intended for the $5 half eagle. One small mark appears on the neck with a tiny scuff at the top of the headband. Otherwise, the coin is quite clean for the grade. Some remaining luster. An attractive coin in hand.

947.

1926 Indian Head Eagle. Lustrous. UNC.

($750)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. The only date for this series to be struck between 1920 and 1930, this issue is common in most grades. As usual, the strike and luster are both excellent for this coin. This would be a nice addition to a gold type set.

948.

948 1873 Open 3 Liberty Head Double Eagle. AU.

949

($1500)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. Struck with both an open and closed 3 in the date, the 1873 open 3, as here, is the more common variety and one of the most obtainable dates in the Liberty Head Double Eagle series. This is the “type 2” double eagle with “Twenty D.” as the identifying denomination on the reverse. A small scuff behind the mouth is the only contact mark of note. An attractive coin with much remaining luster.

949.

1904 Liberty Head Double Eagle. Rich luster. UNC.

($1500)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. This later date double eagle is of the “type 3” variety with “Twenty Dollars” spelled out on the reverse. This is a common date and the first choice for many seeking a type 3 Double Eagle. This example is well struck, lustrous, and attractive. A bag mark from the cheek to the eyebrow is noted for accuracy. A second contact mark is present on the shield on the reverse. An attractive coin in hand.

950.

951

950 1907 Liberty Head Double Eagle. UNC.

($1500)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. As the last date year in the Liberty Head Double Eagle series, this coin was saved in quantity shortly after it was minted. As a result, mint state examples abound. This coin is surely one of those put away at that time, as there are minimal contact marks with much remaining luster. An attractive example of a type 3 Liberty Head Double Eagle sure to please the new owner.

951.

1908 No Motto Saint Gaudens Double Eagle. Choice AU.

($1500)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. This “No Motto” variety of the St. Gaudens Double Eagle is common in grades up through mint state. This is a logical date choice for type collectors. The present coin is well struck, lustrous, and free of any distracting marks, other than a light bag mark in the right field of the obverse. As collectors of this series know, contact marks are so common that even at the MS65 level a coin can have many of them. This coin, although just missing the MS mark due to light rub on the high points, is really rather more attractive than many coins in MS holders. A nice opportunity to acquire an attractive coin at an AU price point.

255


952.

953

952 1910 Saint Gaudens Double Eagle. UNC.

($1500)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. One of the more common “With Motto” St. Gaudens Double Eagles, this coin is lustrous with minimal bag marks. Certainly a coin that would find a nice home in a certification holder at some point in the future. The coin is well struck and attractive in hand.

953.

1927 Saint Gaudens Double Eagle. Choice UNC.

($1500)

From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. One of the more common later date St. Gaudens Double Eagles, this coin has exactly what you would expect for the date. The strike is superb and the luster is excellent. There are only a couple of marks on this coin, both hidden in the devices. The only contact mark of note being on the left fold of lady liberty’s lower gown. This coin should “holder” in the mid-mint level rather easily. A lovely coin.

United States Pattern Coinage

954 955 954. 1858 Proof Pattern Copper-Nickel Cent. Dies by James B. Longacre. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, head of a native American left, wearing feather headdress inscribed LIBERTY; 1858 below / ONE/ CENT within laurel wreath with clusters of five leaves. Edge: plain. Judd 208; Pollock 253. In NGC encapsulation 5938151-005, graded PF 63. ($1000) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. This reverse design is similar to the one adopted for 1859. The wreath and “ONE CENT” are higher than what was eventually used for circulation coinage.

955. 1858 Proof Pattern Copper-Nickel Cent. Dies by James B. Longacre. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, head of a native American left, wearing feather headdress inscribed LIBERTY; 1858 below / ONE/ CENT within wreath of corn, wheat, cotton, and tobacco leaves. Edge: plain. Judd 213; Pollock 252. In NGC encapsulation 5938151-004, graded PF 61. ($1000) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. The most notable change between this coin and the previous is the dramatically different reverse wreath design. This attractive “agricultural” wreath cluttered the reverse a bit and was not adopted for normal coinage.

956. 1859 Pattern Copper-Nickel Cent. Dies by James B. Longacre. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, head of a native American left, wearing feather headdress inscribed LIBERTY; 1859 below / ONE/ CENT within oak wreath; shield above. Edge: plain. Judd 228; Pollock 272. In NGC encapsulation 5938151-006, graded MS 64. ($1000) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. This pattern utilizes an oak wreath reverse which was not adopted for regular coinage. It interestingly, has the shield between the open ends of the wreath. While not used in regular coinage of 1859, this feature was added the following year

256


957. 1866 Proof Pattern Bronze Five Cent. Dies by James B. Longacre. IN GOD WE TRUST, shield with cross and two laurel boughs above; 18 66 below / UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 5 within laurel wreath. Edge: plain. Judd 491; Pollock 578. In NGC encapsulation 5938151-002, graded PF 63 BN. ($1500) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. With the conclusion of the Civil War, the government sought to redeem the numerous fractional paper currencies they had issued in the preceding years. Designs were drafted and the first patterns struck in 1865, with further refined patterns created the following year. The nickel five cent coin was officially authorized by Congress on 16 May 1866, with the ultimate design, known as the “Shield Nickel” type, selected by Treasury Secretary McCulloch on 28 May.

958. 1870 Proof Pattern Aluminum Dime. Dies by William Barber, after James B. Longacre. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, head of Liberty right, wearing Phrygian cap decorated with stars; below, ribbon inscribed IN GOD WE TRUST / STANDARD SILVER, 10/ CENTS within laurel wreath; 1870 below. Edge: plain. Judd 860; Pollock 941. In NGC encapsulation 5938151-003, graded PF 64. ($500) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. By the second half of the 19th century, mints and governments around the world were finally beginning to understand how to maintain a fractional coinage in sufficient supply, a problem that had plagued the marketplace since the Roman Empire. The key was found to be the subsidized production of a fiduciary fractional coinage. Rather than individuals approaching the mint with bullion to be coined, the government itself would coin these smaller denominations on their own account, with a precious metal content sufficiently below the coins’ face value to keep it in circulation. With an eye to this, in 1869 and 1870 the mint produced a number of patterns in what was then called “standard silver,” a full-bodied silver coinage of reduced weight.

959. 1881 Proof Pattern Copper Five Cent. Dies by Charles Barber. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, head of Liberty left, wearing coronet inscribed LIBERTY and decorated with wheat sheaves, cotton buds, and ivy leaves; 1881 below / V within wreath of corn, cotton, and wheat sheaves. Edge: plain. Judd 1672; Pollock 1873. In NGC encapsulation 5938163-010, graded PF 64 BN. ($2000) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. In 1881, mint superintendent A. Louden Snowden began lobbying for a redesign of the Federal coinage. To his mind, America’s coins were a disorganized hodgepodge. The cent type had been in circulation from 1859 and the three and five cent types from 1865, each with a different design. He sought uniformity of design in the base metal coinage. To this end, he had engraver Charles Barber create a series of patterns. Though the cent would not change until the centennial of Lincoln’s birth in 1909, and the three cent piece simply eliminated, a variation of Barber’s five cent design would, with some modifications, ultimately be adopted for circulation in 1883.

257


960. 1882 Proof Pattern Copper Five Cent. Dies by Charles Barber. Head of Liberty left, wearing coronet inscribed LIBERTY and decorated with wheat sheaves, cotton buds, and ivy leaves; thirteen stars around, 1883 below / UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, V within wreath of corn, cotton, and wheat sheaves; E PLURIBUS UNUM below. Judd 1691; Pollock 1893 (this coin cited in auction prices). In NGC encapsulation 5938163-006, graded PF 63 BN. ($2000) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. Ex Geoge D. Hatie Collection (Bowers & Merena, 3 August 1983), lot 1612 (hammer $1980). This is the type that was selected for the 1883 “Liberty Nickel,” with only the arrangement of the stars on the obverse changed.

961

962

963 961. 1883 Proof Pattern Nickel Five Cent. Dies by Charles Barber. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, head of Liberty left, wearing coronet inscribed LIBERTY and decorated with wheat sheaves, cotton buds, and ivy leaves; 1883 below / 75 N./ 25 C. within wreath of corn and cotton; FIVE above, CENTS below, seven stars to left, six stars to right. Edge: plain. Struck on a magnetic, pure nickel planchet. Judd 1707; Pollock 1911. In NGC encapsulation 5938163-008, graded PF 61 Cameo. ($2000) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. Before the release of the “Liberty nickel” in 1883, the mint struck patterns in a number of different compositions, including pure nickel, 75% nickel/25% copper, 50% nickel/50% copper, and 33% nickel/67% copper.

962. 1883 Proof Pattern Nickel Five Cent. Dies by Charles Barber. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, head of Liberty left, wearing coronet inscribed LIBERTY and decorated with wheat sheaves, cotton buds, and ivy leaves; 1883 below / 50 N./ 50 C. within wreath of corn and cotton; FIVE above, CENTS below, seven stars to left, six stars to right. Edge: plain. Judd 1710; Pollock 1914. In NGC encapsulation 5938163-009, graded Proof Details, cleaned. ($2000) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection.

963. 1883 Proof Pattern Nickel Five Cent. Dies by Charles Barber. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, head of Liberty left, wearing coronet inscribed LIBERTY and decorated with wheat sheaves, cotton buds, and ivy leaves; 1883 below / 33 N./ 67 C. within wreath of corn and cotton; FIVE above, CENTS below, seven stars to left, six stars to right. Edge: plain. Judd 1710; Pollock 1914. In NGC encapsulation 5938163-007, graded Proof Details, obverse cleaned. ($1000) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection.

258


UNITED STATES MEDALS

964. 1790 George Washington ‘Manly’ Æ Medal. (48mm, 38.49 g, 12h). Original dies. Uncertain mint in Philadelphia, engraved by Samuel Brooks. GEO. WASHINGTON BORN VIRGINIA, bust of Washington in uniform facing left; FEB. 11./1732. in two lines below, BROOKS (engraver) on truncation of bust just below the epaulet / (Radiate sun)/GENERAL/OF THE/ AMERICAN ARMIES/1775./RESIGNED,/1783./PRESIDENT/OF THE/UNITED STATES/1789./(ornamental line) in twelve lines; in exergue, J. MANLY & C. 1790. Musante GW-10; Baker-61B. Dark reddish-brown surfaces. VF. Scarce. The first medal struck in America to honor George Washington. ($1500)

965. (1797) John Adams Indian Peace Æ Medal. (50.5mm, 65.04 g, 12h). Philadelphia mint. Struck post 1878. JOHN ADAMS PRESIDENT OF THE U.S., bust of Adams facing right; A.D. 1797. below / PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP, clasped right hands below a crossed peace pipe and tomohawk. Julian IP-1a. Reddish-brown surfaces, some marks, light scratches, and edge nicks. EF. Most likely a late 19th century striking based on the finish. ($500)

259


Impressive and Massive Cyrus W. Field Medal

Photos reduced.

966. 1867 Cyrus Field Atlantic Telegraph Cable Bronzed Copper Medal. (103mm, 543.3 g, 12h). Philadelphia mint. Designed by Joseph Goldsborough Bruff, and engraved by William Barber. HONOR AND FAME ARE THE REWARD, a hand emanating from clouds about to place a laurel wreath on the head of Cyrus Field facing left, which is placed on a group of clouds; below, two ships sailing toward partial globes inscribed AMERICA and EUROPE; the two continents are connected by a chain at the bottom; above the chain, INDOMITABLE PERSEVERANCE AND ENDURING FAITH ACHIEVED THE SUCCESS; all within a cable border / BY RESOLUTION OF THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES, MARCH 2, 1867. TO CYRUS W. FIELD, OF NEW YORK, FOR HIS FORESIGHT, FAITH, AND PERSISTENCY, IN ESTABLISHING TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION, BY MEANS OF THE ATLANTIC TELEGRAPH, CONNECTING THE OLD WITH THE NEW WORLD., an American shield, thirty-one stars in the form of a star, and a globe (inscribed AMERICA and EUROPE) with a crossed caduceus and torch above and laurel branches below; all within a double border of waves and a linked chain. Julian PE-10b. Attractive chocolate brown surfaces with a few field marks and rim nicks. UNC. Extremely rare, only 125 struck in bronze, some of which did not survive the copper shortage of World War II. Lot also includes an original Harper’s Weekly newspaper, dated 21 August 1858, featuring Field on the cover, and a stock image (photograph) of Field, dated 28 August 1928. ($3000) 260


967. 1869 Transcontinental Railroad AR Medal. (45.5mm, 47.93 g, 12h). Philadelphia mint. Engraved by William Barber. Struck after mid November, 1869. PRESIDENCY OF U.S. GRANT, bare head of Grant right; in exergue, THE OCEANS UNITED/BY RAILWAY/MAY 10, 1869. in three lines / Mountainous landscape with train (engine, coal tender, and two cars) traveling to right; above in scroll, EVERY MOUNTAIN SHALL BE MADE LOW, clouds in background; in exergue, W. BARBER F./MEDAL SERIES OF THE/U.S. MINT/J. POLLOCK DIRECTOR in four lines. Julian CM-39b. Toned, light marks, scratches, and rim bumps. Good VF. Very rare, only 126 struck in silver. ($1500)

968. 1869 Transcontinental Railroad Æ Medal. (45.5mm, 53.28 g, 12h). Philadelphia mint. Engraved by William Barber. Struck after mid November, 1869. PRESIDENCY OF U.S. GRANT, bare head of Grant right; in exergue, THE OCEANS UNITED/BY RAILWAY/MAY 10, 1869. in three lines / Mountainous landscape with train (engine, coal tender, and two cars) traveling to right; above in scroll, EVERY MOUNTAIN SHALL BE MADE LOW, clouds in background; in exergue, W. BARBER F./MEDAL SERIES OF THE/U.S. MINT/J. POLLOCK DIRECTOR in four lines. Julian CM-39c. Attractive chocolate brown surfaces, light hairlines, stain on reverse. AU. ($500)

969. Israel Numismatic Society, New York. AV Medal (39mm, 38.20 g, 12h). Struck to commemorate the 10th Anniversary of the INS and the Bicentennial of the US. ISRAEL NUMISMATIC SOCIETY • NEW YORK •, city skyline; menorah made of flowers below, dated 1966 / BICENTENNIAL above, 1776-1976 below, symbols of the United States of America. Edge: 14 KT. GOLD 0013. As made. ($1500) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. Ex Rosenblum MBS 33C (22 May 2003), lot 1175. 38.2g of 14-Karat Gold = 22.283g AGW = 0.7164 troy ounces. Number 13 of 28 made.

261


NYNC AV Medal with NYNC Logo and NYNC as Host 970. Metropolitan New York Numismatic Convention. AV Medal (38mm, 40.87 g, 12h). METROPOLITAN NEW YORK NUMISMATIC CONVENTION around, 1976 in exergue, seated Muse / NEW YORK NUMISMATIC CLUB • ORGANIZED 1908 •, reverse 2: torch-bearer in Classical tunic holds a coin whose bold rays enlighten ancient civilizations. Edge: MEDALLIC ART CO. N.Y. 14K 01. IoC p. 276. As made. ($1500) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. 40.87g of 14-Karat Gold = 23.84g AGW = 0.7665 troy ounces. Number 1 of only 2 struck.

971. New York Numismatic Club. AV Presidential Medal (38mm, 42.70 g, 12h). FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY 1958 above, VERNON/ L. BROWN/ PRESIDENT 1956-/-58 in five lines to left, Karl Gruppe’s monogram at lower right near bust, bust in business suit left / NEW YORK NUMISMATIC CLUB • ORGANIZED 1908 •, reverse 2: torch-bearer in Classical tunic holds a coin whose bold rays enlighten ancient civilizations. Edge: MEDALLIC ART CO. N.Y. 14K 01. IoC p. 185 (this medal referenced). As made. ($1500) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. Ex Raphael E. Solomon and David W. Armet. 42.70g of 14-Karat Gold = 24.894g AGW = 0.80 troy ounces. Number 1 of an unknown quantity struck.

972. New York Numismatic Club. AV Presidential Medal (38mm, 64.20 g, 12h). JAY M. GALST. M.D. above, PRESIDENT/ 1988-1989 in two lines to left, JDL/ Sc at right, large bust left in full profile, textured field / NEW YORK NUMISMATIC CLUB • ORGANIZED 1908 •, reverse 2: torch-bearer in Classical tunic holds a coin whose bold rays enlighten ancient civilizations. Edge: MACO-18 KT. 1. IoC p. 201 (this medal referenced). As made. ($3000) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. 64.20g of 18-Karat Gold = 48.15g AGW = 1.548 troy ounces. Number 1 of only 3 struck.

973. New York Numismatic Club. AV Presidential Medal (38mm, 66.70 g, 12h). MICHAEL J. DRUCK 1994-1995 above, 38th PRESIDENT NEW YORK/ NUMISMA TIC CLUB in two lines in exergue, E.L. DAUB to left of neck, low relief bearded head left, cut at the collar line / NEW YORK NUMISMATIC CLUB • ORGANIZED 1908 •, reverse 2: torch-bearer in Classical tunic holds a coin whose bold rays enlighten ancient civilizations. Edge: THE MEDALCRAFT MINT INC. 18 KT 02. IoC p. 208 (this medal referenced). As made. ($3000) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. 66.70g of 18-Karat Gold = 50.025g AGW = 1.61 troy ounces. Number 2 of only 4 struck.

974. New York Numismatic Club. AV Presidential Medal (38mm, 65.1 g, 12h). ROBERT L. SACKS • 40th PRESIDENT • 1998-99, DAUB along back of neck, high relief bust in business suit left, with eyes raised in the manner of Roman portraits of the Constantinian period / NEW YORK NUMISMATIC CLUB • ORGANIZED 1908 •, reverse 2: torch-bearer in Classical tunic holds a coin whose bold rays enlighten ancient civilizations. Edge: THE MEDALCRAFT MINT INC. 18KT 2 OF 2. IoC p. 210 (this medal referenced). As made. ($3000) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. 65.10g of 18-Karat Gold = 48.825g AGW = 1.57 troy ounces. Number 2 of only 2 struck.

975. New York Numismatic Club. AV Presidential Medal (38mm, 47.54 g, 12h). CONSTANTIN A. MARINESCU, 47TH/ PRESIDENT/ 2013-2014 in three lines to lower left, JI•LB below, head left; in background, the reverse of a coin of Lysimachos from the Byzantion mint / • THE • NEW • YORK • NUMISMATIC • CLUB • around, ORG • DEC/ 1908 in two lines to lower left, reverse 1: two arms and hands, carefully holding a coin by its edges in left hand, a magnifying glass in right. Edge: MEDALCRAFT MINT GREEN BAY WI 18K GOLD 03. As made. ($2250) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. 47.54g of 18-Karat Gold = 35.655g AGW = 1.146 troy ounces. Number 3 of only 5 struck.

976. New York Numismatic Club. AV Presidential Medal (38mm, 63.16 g, 12h). MARK • BO/ ANDERSON in two lines to lower left, 48TH/ PRESIDENT/ 2015-2016 in three lines to lower right, DAUB below collar to left, bust right, wearing business suit and bow tie / NEW YORK NUMISMATIC CLUB • ORGANIZED 1908 •, reverse 2: torch-bearer in Classical tunic holds a coin whose bold rays enlighten ancient civilizations. Edge: 18 KT 03. As made. ($3000) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. 63.16g of 18-Karat Gold = 47.37g AGW = 1.523 troy ounces. Number 3 of only 4 struck.

977. New York Numismatic Club. AV Presidential Medal (38mm, 49.42 g, 12h). PETER VAN ALFEN around, DAUB below bust, bust left, wearing goatee and business suit / • THE • NEW • YORK • NUMISMATIC • CLUB • around, ORG • DEC/ 1908 in two lines to lower left, reverse 1: two arms and hands, carefully holding a coin by its edges in left hand, a magnifying glass in right. Edge: MEDALCRAFT MINT - GREEN BAY WI - 18K GOLD - 02. As made. ($2250) From the Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection. 49.42g of 18-Karat Gold = 37.065g AGW = 1.192 troy ounces. Number 2 of only 4 struck.

262


970

971

972

973

974

975 966

977

976

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BRITISH COINAGE

978. CELTIC, Atrebates & Regni. Eppillus. Circa 20 BC-AD 10. AR Unit (12.5mm, 1.29 g, 5h). Epillus Rex (Atrebatic G) type. Calleva mint. Crescent flanked by quatrefoils of pellets / Eagle alighting right, wings spread. Bean EPP1-3; Van Arsdell 415; ABC 1160; SCBC 99. Iridescent tone. EF. Good metal. ($300)

979. CELTIC, Trinovantes & Catuvellauni. Uninscribed. Circa 55-40 BC. AV Quarter Stater (13mm, 1.12 g). Harlow Flyer type. Open wreath with bean-like ornament at one end, bisected by two-winged motif and dotted line / Horse right; winglike motifs above, solar disk ornament below. Van Arsdell –; ABC 2268; SCBC –. CCI 95.3464 = Coin Register 1995, 15 (this coin). Toned, three striking perforations. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($500) Ex Triton XXI (9 January 2018), lot 1304; Classical Numismatic Group 66 (19 May 2004), lot 27; Mike Vosper stock, August 1995. Found at Heybridge, Essex.

980. CELTIC, Trinovantes & Catuvellauni. Cunobelin. Circa AD 10-43. AV Stater (17mm, 5.39 g, 9h). Wild (Trinovantian V) type. Camulodunum (Colchester) mint. Grain ear; 1¬ Â[u] flanking / Horse leaping right; branch above, CuNO below. Allen, Cunobelin, Wild Series A; Van Arsdell 1931-1; ABC 2777; SCBC 284. Die wear, scuffs. Good VF. ($750)

981. CELTIC, Trinovantes & Catuvellauni. Epaticcus. Circa AD 30-45. AR Unit (11.5mm, 1.06 g, 6h). Epaticcus Eagle (Atrebatic L) type. Head of Hercules right; pellet-in-annulet to left / Eagle standing facing on snake, head left, with wings displayed; pellet-in-annulet above. Van Arsdell 580-1; ABC 1346; SCBC 356. Reverse a little soft. EF. ($300)

982. ANGLO-SAXON, Continental Sceattas. Circa 715-800/20. AR Sceatt (12.5mm, 1.02 g, 6h). Series X, type 31. Ribe mint. ‘Wodan’ head facing; pellet above, short cross pommées flanking / Fantastic creature left, head right, with tail coiled leftward; bar below head. Sceatta List 103-10; MEC 8 Series Xa; North 116; SCBC 797. Toned. Near EF. ($1000) 264


983. ANGLO-SAXON, Secondary Sceattas. Circa 710/5-725/30. AR Sceatt (12mm, 0.85 g, 10h). Series J (BIIIC), type 85. York mint. Diademed head right within pellet border / Schematic bird standing left on cross; pellets below bird’s head, pellet-in-annulets and trefoils flanking cross; all within double border. Sceatta List 18-30; MEC 8 Series Jb; North –; SCBC 802. Toned, some hard deposits. VF. Very rare with bird facing left. ($750)

984. ANGLO-SAXON, Secondary Sceattas. Circa 720/5-730. BI Sceatt (12.5mm, 0.95 g). Series L, type 23e. Uncertain mint in the south-east. Figure standing facing, head right, feet on horizontal ground line, holding long cross pommée in each hand / Whorl of three wolf heads. Sceatta List 43–10; MEC 8 Series LM; North 85; SCBC 804H. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($750)

985. ANGLO-SAXON, Secondary Sceattas. Circa 730-750/5. AR Sceatt (11.5mm, 1.06 g, 8h). Series L, type 12. Mint in Essex or Kent. Diademed and draped bust right;  around above / Figure standing facing, head right, in crescentshaped boat, holding long cross pommée in each hand. Sceatta List 23-10; MEC 8 Series L; North 72; SCBC 804. Trace of deposits and slightly off center on reverse. EF. Some luster. Rare. ($1000) Ex CNG Inventory 432400 (July 2016).

Extremely Rare Ecclesiastical Ring

986. ANGLO-SAXON, Mercia. 820-840. AV Ecclesiastical Ring. With symbol and name of St. John the Evangelist. A gold ring with central rondel engraved with head of eagle left (symbol of St John the Evangelist). Reverse is inscribed I◊/ HANN/IZ. Dimensions: 23mm in diameter; weight 4.84g. See J. Linzalone, “A Ring Re-Attributed: Gold Ecclesiastical Ring of 9th Century Anglo-Saxon Mercia,” January 2021 (https://independent.academia.edu/JosephPLinzalone). Lacking niello inlay otherwise much as made. Displays exquisite craftsmanship typical for Church regalia. ($15,000) Ex Faire Collection, purchased from Simon Bendall, December 1990 (sold as a Viking ring); acquired by Bendall from a private California collector. A solid gold ring with central rondel. On the face, an eagle’s head faces left in fine style and detail. Surrounding, a border that would have had niello inlay. On the back of the ring, on the rondel face, is inscribed in stylized script IO HANN IS. The ring, made at the time of Wessex ascendancy and its later alliance with Mercia, offers significant symbolistic reference to John the Apostle, St. John the Evangelist. The eagle, a zoomorphic reference to John, prominently presides as the central figure of the ring. On the reverse, the name, Iohannis is written in script found specifically in Mercia on religious plates and titles in books such as the famed Book of Cerne (please see the Cambridge Digital Library copy of the text, on several full-page illustrated plates and several titles on Introductions of sections of the text), which dates comparatively to AD 820-840 The ring is beautifully made and shows care of craftsmanship. That it is made in gold of substantial weight suggests that the owner was wealthy and a significant figure in the early Mercian church, perhaps a bishop. The ring is of significant rarity as well; Anglo-Saxon gold is extremely rare. The ring is attributable to Mercia and to the early Church, and could well have been worn by someone in the court of the scholar and warrior king Alfred the Great, when Wessex and Mercia fought together against the threat of the Viking Great Army.

265


987. ANGLO-SAXON, Anglo-Viking (Danish East Anglia). Imitations of Alfred the Great. Circa 885-915. AR Penny (19mm, 1.35 g, 6h). Londonia monogram type. Uncertain mint in the southern Danelaw. ҟ ®J≤ያ ዒዝ ያዒ, diademed bust right / Londonia monogram; cruciform pellets above and below. MacKay, London, Danelaw Type A5, 19 var. (O19/R– [unlisted rev. die]; this coin referenced in note, querying authenticity); BMA 446 (same obv. die); MEC 8, 2361 (same obv. die); cf. North 464/463 (for obv./rev. types); SCBC 964. Crack along lower part of diadem repaired. In NGC encapsulation 5938193-006, graded XF Details, Damaged. Very rare. ($1500) Although the weight and silver content appeared good for a Danelaw issue, MacKay noted “minor inconsistencies” in the obverse compared to the other two examples of coins struck from this obverse die, which led him to conclude that the “coin is likely to be a clever forgery.” Following further study, it is our opinion, and that of NGC, that the coin is perfectly genuine.

988. ANGLO-SAXON, Anglo-Viking (Danish East Anglia). Imitations of Edward the Elder. Circa 918-924. AR Penny (23.5mm, 1.58 g, 12h). Imitating Circumscription cross/Horizontal-Trefoil 1 (HT1) type (BMC ii). Uncertain mint. ม ዞ©ʼዝዞ©ዞዝ©ዞX, small cross pattée / ዝ© ዹɭ/Pዢɭዛዢ in two lines; three crosses pattée between, trefoils above and below. CTCE p. 85, ‘Anglian derivatives’; SCBI 26 (East Anglia), 179–81 var. (same obv. die, slightly different rev. legend); North 649 and n. 242; SCBC p. 126 note. Minor ghosting. Toned. Near EF. ($600)

Extremely Rare Mint of ‘Smrie’

989. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Wessex. Æthelstan. 924-939. AR Penny (22mm, 1.58 g, 10h). Bust Crowned (BC) type (BMC viii). ‘Smrie’ mint; Eadbald, moneyer. ม®TዞlӲͿ©n ያዞҟ, crowned, helmeted, draped bust right / ม ዒ±ዝዛ±lዝ ⎴ɭ / ዳዦʼዢዒ, small cross pattée. Blunt, Aethelstan 293; SCBI 34 (BM), 152 (same obv. die); North 675; SCBC 1095. Minor rim repair & some light marks under artificial tone. Otherwise struck on a broad flan with a bold portrait and clear legends. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($4000) Reportedly found near Dereham, Norfolk, 2020. The only example of this as-yet unlocated mint available to commerce

Unique Flower type of Eadred

990. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Wessex. Eadred. 946-955. AR Penny (22mm, 1.48 g, 11h). Flower type. Uncetain mint; Edweard, moneyer. ม ዞ©ዝʼዞዝ ʼዞҟ ዳ©ҟℽዢዢዮ⍵, small cross pattée / ዞ©ዝќќዞ©ʼ// ዝ / below line from which springs a flower with two curved stalks. EMC 2009.0296 (this coin); cf. CTCE 271 (for type, moneyer unlisted); otherwise, unpublished. Broken and repaired, light scratches under tone, gilt on reverse. Good VF. Of the highest rarity. ($1500) Found near Chichester, 2009.

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991. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Æthelred II. 978-1016. AR Penny (20mm, 1.48 g, 3h). First Hand type (BMC iia, Hild. B1). Exeter mint; Bruna, moneyer. Struck circa 979-985. Diademed and draped bust right / ฾ Bʽєn ⍵!ɭ ⌓©ҟ⌓ü⌓Ӳ˶⌓, manus Dei descending from clouds; barred © ѽ flanking. Brettell, Exeter 21; North 766; SCBC 1144. Toned. Good VF. ($500)

992 993 992. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Æthelred II. 978-1016. AR Penny (21mm, 1.36 g, 6h). Crux type (BMC iiia, Hild. C). Norwich mint; Eadmund, moneyer. Struck circa 991-997. Draped bust left; trefoil-tipped scepter before / ม ዒ©ዝዦѝnዝ ዦ!ɭ ⎴ɭʼT, voided short cross; æ ʼ ѝ ҟ in quarters. SCBI 7 (Copenhagen), 1007; North 770; SCBC 1148. Light find patina, slightly bent flan. VF. ($400) Ex Millennium Hoard (Suffolk, 2017).

993. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Æthelred II. 978-1016. AR Penny (21mm, 1.70 g, 3h). Crux type (BMC iiia, Hild. C). Wilton mint; Wulfgar, moneyer. Struck circa 991-997. Draped bust left; trefoil-tipped scepter before / ม P⎍ǧŖŭ©ʽ ዦ!ɭ PƗǧ˶, voided short cross; æ ʼ ѝ ҟ in quarters. SCBI 24 (West Country), 489 (same dies); North 770; SCBC 1148. Speckled tone. Good VF. ($400)

994. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Æthelred II. 978-1016. AR Penny (19mm, 1.71 g, 6h). Long Cross type (BMC IVa, Hild. D). Exeter mint; Wulfsige, moneyer. Struck circa 997-1003. Draped bust left; pellet behind neck / ฾ ዩѝዥዓӲƗŶዒ ⍵=∂ ዒ©ҟዒ, voided long cross with pellet in center and triple crescent ends. SCBI 7 (Copenhagen), 213 (same rev. die); North 774; SCBC 1151. Light iridescent luster. In NGC encapsulation 5938193-005, graded MS 63. Rare this choice. ($750)

995. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Æthelred II. 978-1016. AR Penny (20mm, 1.53 g, 6h). Long Cross type (BMC IVa, Hild. D). Watchet mint; Hunwine, moneyer. Struck circa 997-1003. Draped bust left; pellet behind neck / ม H⎍n ዞዩዢɉ ዦณ∂ ዩ ዞüዞዝ, voided long cross with pellet in center and triple crescent ends. Blackburn, Mint 7 (dies A/b); SCBI 25 (Helsinki), 340–1 (same dies); North 774; SCBC 1151. Toned, peck on obverse. VF. Rare mint. ($1000) Ex Glendinings (20 September 1978), lot 92.

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996. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Cnut. 1016-1035. AR Penny (18.5mm, 1.03 g, 12h). Pointed Helmet type (BMC xiv; Hild. G). Thetford mint; Tidræd, moneyer. Struck 1024-1030. Bust left, wearing pointed helmet; trefoil-tipped scepter before / ม ˶ዢĕʽeĕ ∂n Te∂ĕ⌘, voided short cross, limbs united at base by two concentric circles with pellet in center; in each angle, broken annulet enclosing pellet. Carson 85 var. (legends); SCBI 14 (Copenhagen), 3855–6 var. (same); North 783; SCBC 1158. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($400) Ex CNG inventory 453431 (December 2016).

997. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Cnut. 1016-1035. AR Penny (18mm, 1.20 g, 10h). Short Cross type (BMC xvi, Hild. H). York mint; Grimulfr, moneyer. Struck circa 1029-1035/6. Diademed bust left; lis-tipped scepter before / ม űዢ⍵ዮ⌦ዟ ɭn ዞ∂ዟዞ, voided short cross with pellet-in-annulet in center. SCBI 13 (Copenhagen), 660 (same dies); North 790; SCBC 1159. Toned. Good VF. ($300) Ex Dr. Andrew Wayne (Classical Numismatic Group 102, 16 May 2016), lot 1469; St. James 4 (8 May 2006), lot 81; reportedly ex Duke of Argyll Collection.

998. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Harthacnut. 1035-1042. AR Penny (18mm, 1.11 g, 4h). Arm and Scepter type (BMC [Cnut] xvii, Hild. [Cnut] I). York mint; Spegen, moneyer. Struck in the name of Cnut, 1040-1042. Diademed bust left, holding trefoil-tipped scepter / ๘ SP⌓ŭ⌓n ɭnn ⌓ɭዓ⌓⎀ዝ, quadrilateral, with pellet in center and angles, over voided short cross. SCBI 40 (Stockholm), 2030 (same rev. die); North 799; SCBC 1169. Die flaw on scepter otherwise much as struck with some luster. EF. Rare. ($2000) Arm-and-Sceptre coins of York are only known in the name of Cnut.

999. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Edward the Confessor. 1042-1066. AR Penny ( 18mm, 1.12 g, 2h). Trefoil Quadrilateral type (BMC iii; Hild. C). York mint; Skuli, moneyer. Struck 1046-1048. Diademed and draped bust left; trefoil-tipped scepter before / ม Süዮ⌦⍖ ɭƱƱ ዞɭōዞʼ /, quadrilateral, with pellet in center and trefoils at angles, over voided short cross. Freeman 313; SCBI 29 (Merseyside), 729 (same dies); North 817; SCBC 1174. Some light deposits. Good VF. ($500) Ex Dr. Andrew Wayne (Classical Numismatic Group 102, 16 May 2016), lot 1479; Michael Sherman (Dix Noonan Webb 68, 12 December 2005), lot 236; Buckland, Dix, Wood 2 (6 October 1993), lot 524.

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1000. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Edward the Confessor. 1042-1066. AR Penny (19.5mm, 1.75 g, 2h). Expanding Cross type, heavy issue (BMC v, Hild. E). York mint; Ælfwine, moneyer. Struck circa 1050-1053. Diademed bust left; scepter to left / ม ®⌦ዓዩዢ⎴ዒዒ ɭ⎴ ዒɭዓዒያዢ, voided short cross with expanding limbs; at center, circle around pellet-incircle; pellet in second quarter. Freeman 15; SCBI –; BMC 294 (same dies); North 823; SCBC 1177. Light scratch in field on obverse under tone. Good VF. ($600)

1001. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Edward the Confessor. 1042-1066. AR Penny (20mm, 1.37 g, 7h). Hammer Cross type (BMC xia, Hild. G). Stafford mint; Coling, moneyer. Struck circa 1059-1062. Crowned bust right, scepter to right / ฾ üє⌦⌦Ʃnü ɭn ˞˶±ዓዓɭ, voided cross, arms terminating in inward-facing crescents. Freeman 18; SCBI 17 (Midlands), 456–7 (same rev. die); North 828; SCBC 1182. Richly toned. VF. Extremely rare. ($1000)

1002. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Edward the Confessor. 1042-1066. AR Penny (18mm, 1.31 g, 11h). Pyramids (BMC xva, Hild. I) type. Tamworth mint; Bruning, moneyer. Struck circa 1065-1066. Crowned bust right; scepter to right / ฾ ÛʼѝɞƩɞŷ ɭɞ Ϳ©ȵ, voided cross with annulet in center; pyramid in quarters. Cf. Danson 68/67 (for obv./rev. types); cf. Freeman 19A (for rev.); SCBI –; North 831; SCBC 1184. Toned. Near VF/VF. Very rare. ($1000) Ex R.J. Eaglen (Balwin’s 18, 13 October 1998), 1538. A crudely engraved obverse die paired with a reverse die used for the extremely rare Transitional Pyramids issue at Tamworth.

Very Rare Double Inscription Type From the Pimprez Hoard

1003. NORMAN. Henry I. 1100-1135. AR Penny (21mm, 1.42 g, 3h). Double Inscription type (BMC xi). Oxford mint; Ægelnoth, moneyer. Struck circa 1115. [ƌ]ğɚ ⎀ğ, crowned bust left, holding scepter; two quatrefoils before / ๘ ²⌥⌦ɕɢͿ .ɢɕ/ม ɢҟ⌥ɕዓɢĕḦ, small cross pattée; quartrefoils-in-annulets in outer legend. Pimprez 17 (this coin); North 867; SCBC 1272. Official edge snick. Bold portrait and clear mint signature. Good VF. One of only two known specimens for this type at Oxford. ($2500) Ex Pimprez Hoard (Spink 170, 6 October 2004), lot 397.

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1004. NORMAN. Henry I. 1100-1135. AR Penny (17mm, 1.48 g, 12h). Quadrilateral on Cross Fleurée type (BMC xv). Carlisle mint; Ere[m]bald, moneyer. Struck 1125-1135. [แ] ƌĩnʽƩæѝs, crowned bust facing slightly left, holding scepter / แ ĩʽĩȵÙ¥ǹ˶ [Ḧ ɭn Ḧ ⍛]¥ʽ, quadrilateral with incurved sides and fleurs at limbs; all over cross fleurée. Mattinson & Cherry 2 (this coin); North 871; SCBC 1276. Typical areas of flat strike. VF. Very rare. ($750) Ex Dix Noonan Webb 147 (12 June 2018), lot 505; P. Cherry Collection (Dix Noonan Webb 124, 16 September 2014), lot 2230; Pimprez Hoard (Spink 170, 6 October 2004), lot 422.

1005. NORMAN. Stephen. 1135-1154. AR Penny (20mm, 1.42 g, 6h). Cross Moline (‘Watford’) type (BMC i). Thetford mint; Od(d)a, moneyer. Struck circa 1136-1145. Crowned bust right, holding lis-tipped scepter / [แ ɭ]ዝዝዒ Ḧ ɭn Ḧ ͿዒͿ[...], cross moline. Carson 3; Mack 37c; North 873; SCBC 1278. Legend weak in part otherwise richly toned. Good VF. ($750) Ex Baldwin’s FPL (Winter 2014-15), no. AS069; G.V. Doubleday (8 June 1988), lot 844. Lot also includes an old ticket stating ex Duke of Argyll Collection.

1006. NORMAN, Civil War. Local issues. Circa 1138-1153. AR Penny (18mm, 1.07 g, 1h). Southern variant. Southampton(?) mint; Sanson, moneyer. Crowned bust right with collar of annulets, holding lis-tipped scepter / [ม San]Sɭn Ḧ ɭn a[nͿ], voided cross moline with annulet at center. Mack 207a-b (same dies); SCBI 20 (Mack), 1626; North 905; SCBC 1295. Lightly toned, off center. VF. Very rare. ($2000) This type is usually encountered on small, light flans struck from dies of crude workmanship. This piece is struck from the earliest die paring on a flan of good weight.

1007. PLANTAGENET. Richard I. 1189-1199. AR Penny (20mm, 1.47 g, 5h). Short cross type, class IIIab2. London mint; Ricard, moneyer. Struck circa 1190-1194. Crowned facing bust, holding scepter; pellets in side curls / ๘ RƩæaRē • ɠn • ǹѝn •, voided short cross; quatrefoil in angles. SCBI 56 (Mass), –; North 965; SCBC 1346. Toned. VF. Rare. ($500)

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1008. PLANTAGENET. Edward III. 1327-1377. AR Groat (28.5mm, 4.35 g, 5h). Fourth coinage, Pre-treaty period, series B. London (Tower) mint. Struck 1351. Crowned facing bust, with trefoil on breast; all within tressure of arches with trefoils at cusps / Long cross pattée; trefoils in quarters. Stewartby 257 (this coin); Lawrence 2 var. (obv. legend); North 1142; SCBC 1563. Toned. Near VF. The EWARD reading very rare. ($500) Ex Lord Stewartby (Part IV, Spink 242, 29 November 2016), lot 1088, purchased from A.H. Baldwin and Sons, 2001. The pellets on the reverse appear to be re-cut. Lawrence records an example with pellets over crowns though from different die to this.

Mint State Richard II Noble

1009. PLANTAGENET. Richard II. 1377-1399. AV Noble (34mm, 7.58 g, 11h). Type IVB. Tower (London) mint; im: none. ˊƩý ¨ˊĕ⎡ ĕĚƩ Ḻ gˊ¨⎡ ˊĚҢ Ḻ ¨ɀgǭ⎡ Ӳ Ḻ fˊ¨ɀý⎡ ĕ⎡ ƌƩB= Ӳ # ¨ʠ ˶=, Richard, holding sword and shield, standing facing in ship with bowsprit and crescent on rudder; ornaments 1-1-1-1, ropes 3/1, quatrefoils 4/4 / ƩƇý Ḻ ¨ѝ˶Ě⍴ Ḻ ˶ˊ¨ɀSƩĚɀS Ḻ ʁĚˊ Ḻ ⍴ĚĕƩѝ⎡ Ʃǭǭɭˊѝ⍴ Ḻ ƩB¨˶, voided short cross potent over cross fleurée; in each angle, crown over lion passant over trefoil; at center, ˊ within quadrilobe; all within polylobe, with trefoils in spandrels. Schneider 187 corr. (ornaments); North 1304b; SCBC 1658. Lightly toned with some residual luster. In NGC encapsulation 5938194-002, graded MS 64. An excellent example of this very rare late type. ($8000)

PLANTAGENET. Richard II. 1377-1399. AV Quarter Noble. Type IVa. Tower (London) mint. ๘ ˆƩýaˆĕ ⎡ ĕĚƩ at cusps / ๘ ĚҢaǭ˶aBƩ˶⎍ˆ Ḻ ƩN center, pellet within quadrilobe; all within tressure of eight arcs. Schneider 185 (same dies); North 1319.2; SCBC 1677. Slightly double struck on reverse. Full flan. In NGC encapsulation 5941764-001, graded AU 55. Very rare. ($1500) 1010.

Ḻ Żˆa ⎡ ˆĚҢ Ḻ aNŻǭ ⎡, coat-of-arms, escallop above; all within tressure of arches, lis Ḻ ŻǭɭˆƩa, cross fleurée et fleurdelisée; in each quarter, lion passant left over trefoil; at

Ex Clarendon Collection (Bonhams, 28 March 2006) lot 439.

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1011. PLANTAGENET. Richard II. 1377-1399. AR Groat (26mm, 4.53 g, 7h). Type II. London (Tower) mint. Struck 1377-circa 1390. Crowned facing bust, with trefoil on breast; all within double polylobe / Long cross pattée, with trefoil in each quarter. North 1320b; SCBC 1679. Legend a little weak in part. Deeply toned. VF. Rare. ($1500)

LANCASTER. Henry V. 1413-1422. AV Noble (32.5mm, 6.95 g, 11h). Class C. Tower (London) mint. ƌ ENˆiý= # Henry standing facing in ship with bowsprit, holding sword and shield; rosette to left of hand; ornaments 11–11, ropes 3/2, quatrefoils 3/3, lis 1-2-1; annulet on rudder; broken annulet on hull / ม iƌ=ý # ¨ѝͿEM Ḻ Ϳˆ¨NSiENS Ḻ ʖEˆ Ḻ MEDiѝ⎡ iǣǣɨˆѝ⎡ iݨͿ, voided short cross potent over cross fleurée; in each angle, crown over lion passant over trefoil; at center, ƌ within angled quadrilobe; all within polylobe, with trefoils in spandrels. Schneider 226; North 1371; SCBC 1742. In NGC encapsulation 5938194-001, graded MS 63. Good portrait. ($4000) 1012.

Di= # ŷˆ¨= # ˆEҞ # ¨NŷȄ= # ⎜ Ḻ fˆ¨Ný= # DN=S Ḻ ƌһÝ= #,

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 111 (29 May 2019), lot 1099; Morton & Eden 52 (29 November 2011), lot 3.

1013. YORK. Edward IV. First reign, 1461-1470. AV Quarter Ryal (19.5mm, 1.90 g, 1h). Class VII. Tower (London) mint; im: crown/crown. Struck 1468. Coat-of-arms; Є above, rose to left, sun to right; all within quatrefoil with trefoils in spandrels / Long cross fourchée, with rose at center and lis in two forks; all over radiate sun; lions passant left in quarters, trefoil stops, rose at end of legend. Blunt & Whitton Type VII, 3; North 1560; SCBC 1965. Some marks. VF. Rare variety with rose at end of reverse legend. ($750)

1014. YORK (Restored). Richard III. 1483-1485. AR Groat (25.5mm, 3.01 g, 2h). Type 3. London mint; im: halved sun and rose 2. Struck circa June 1484-22 August 1485. Crowned facing bust within tressure of arches; pellet below bust / Long cross pattée; trefoils in quarters. Winstanley 11; North 1680; SCBC 2158. Small mark on eyebrow. Richly toned. Good VF. ($1500) Reportedly ex Seaby Coin and Medal Bulletin 475 (December 1957), no. 7928.

272


1015. YORK (Restored). Richard III. 1483-1485. AR Halfpenny (12mm, 0.29 g, 12h). London (Tower) mint; im: boar’s head/–. Crowned facing bust / Long cross pattée; trefoils in quarters. Withers IV 2a; Lockett –; North 1688; SCBC 2170. Toned. Good VF. An excellent example of this rare little coin. ($1000)

1016. TUDOR. Henry VII. 1485-1509. AR Groat (24mm, 3.00 g, 7h). Facing Bust issue, class IIIc. London (Tower) mint; im: crowned leopard’s head/pansy. Struck 1495-1498. Crowned facing bust within tressure arches; one jeweled and one plain arch in crown / Long cross fourchée; triple pellets in each quarter. SCBI 23 (Ashmolean), 331 (same obv. die); North 1705b; SCBC 2198A. Toned. Good VF. Rare mule with these initial marks. ($500)

1017. TUDOR. Henry VIII. 1509-1547. AR Groat (25mm, 2.68 g, 12h). Third coinage. Canterbury mint; im: –. Struck 1544-1547. Crowned and mantled bust facing slightly right (Laker D) / Coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. Whitton (a); North 1847; SCBC 2373. The legend a little weak in parts otherwise a most attractive portrait coin. Toned. Good VF. Rare. ($1000) Ex M. Lessen Collection; Classical Numismatic Group Inventory 89509 (November 1995); ‘Agricola’ [R.S. James] (Spink 31, 12 October 1983), lot 133; C.F. Gilboy (Part II, Spink 16, 9 July 1981), lot 256, purchased from Seaby, October 1969.

1018. TUDOR. Edward VI. 1547-1553. AR Groat (26mm, 2.22 g, 12h). In the name and types of Henry VIII. London (Tower) mint; im: martlet. Struck 1547-1549. Crowned bust 5 facing slightly right / Coat-of-arms over long cross fleurée. North 1871; SCBC 2403. Toned, some underlying luster. VF. ($400) Ex Dr. John Tooze Collection.

1019. TUDOR. Edward VI. 1547-1553. AR Penny (15mm, 0.53 g, 5h). First period. Londont (Tower) mint; im: arrow. Struck 1549. Crowned bust right / Coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. North 1902 (Southwark); SCBC 2460. Clear profile. Good Fine. Very rare. ($750) 273


1021 1020 1020. TUDOR. Edward VI. 1547-1553. AR Shilling (29mm, 4.75 g, 8h). Second period, second base silver issue. Tower (London); im: swan. Dated 1549 (in Roman numerals). Crowned and mantled bust 5 right / Coat-of-arms. North 1917/1; SCBC 2466. A little soft in parts with some minor marks. Toned. VF. ($600) Ex Marvin Lessen Collection; G.M. Cope Collection.

1021. TUDOR. Edward VI. 1547-1553. AR Shilling (30mm, 4.76 g, 10h). Second period, base silver issue. Southwark mint; im: У. Dated 1549 (in Roman numerals). Crowned bust right / Coat-of-arms. North 1917/2; SCBC 2466B. Minor flan split. Toned. VF. A strong portrait piece on good metal. ($1000)

1022. TUDOR. Edward VI. 1547-1553. Base AR Halfpenny (12mm, 0.24 g, 12h). Third period. Tower (London mint); im: escallop. Struck circa 1551. Rose / Coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. Withers V 2c; North 1947; SCBC 2476. Weak in centre otherwise with clear legends and mint mark. Near VF. Very rare. ($750)

1023. TUDOR. Edward VI. 1547-1553. AR Sixpence (33mm, 6.14 g, 9h). Third period, fine silver issue. London (Tower) mint; im: tun. Struck 1551-1553. Crowned bust facing slightly left; rose to left, VI (mark of value) to right / Royal coat-ofarms over long cross fourchée. North 1938; SCBC 2483. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($750) Ex Dr. John Tooze Collection; S.A Bole (Dix Noonan Webb 93, 26 September 2011), lot 1365.

1024. TUDOR. Philip & Mary. 1554-1558. AR Sixpence (27mm, 3.10 g, 7h). Tower (London) mint; im: lis. Dated 1557. Confronted busts of Philip, armored, and Mary, veiled; crown above / Crowned coat-of-arms; V I (mark of value) flanking crown. North 1971; SCBC 2506. Toned, area of weak strike on obverse. VF. An unusually neat round flan. Rare. ($750)

274


1025. TUDOR. Elizabeth I. 1558-1603. AV Angel. First issue, fine gold coinage. Tower (London) mint; im: cross-crosslet. Struck 1560-1561. + ELIZABETH · D ·’ G ·’ ANG ·’ FRA ·’ ET · HIB ·’ REGINA ·, Archangel Michael slaying dragon to lower right, spear topped by cross-crosslet / + A · DNO ·’ FACTVM · EST · IVSTVD : ET EST · MIRABI ·’, ship bearing shield and cross; E (over rose) and rose (over E) flanking cross. Brown & Comber C7; Schneider 733 (same dies); North 1979; SCBC 2514. Broad flan. In NGC encapsulation 5941764-002, graded AU 55. A pleasing example on a full flan. ($5000)

1026

1027

1026. TUDOR. Elizabeth I. 1558-1603. AR Shilling (33mm, 6.21 g, 5h). First coinage. Tower (London) mint; im: lis. Struck 1558-1560. Crowned bust 2A left, wearing ruff; wire line and beaded border / Coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée; wire line and beaded border. BCW LS-6D/LS-g4; North 1985; SCBC 2549. Two small dents behind bust. Toned. VF. Rare. ($750) Ex Spink 219 (24 September 2103), lot 554. Lot also includes an old Spink ticket in the hand of P. Finn.

1027. TUDOR. Elizabeth I. 1558-1603. AR Shilling (31.5mm, 6.04 g, 11h). Second coinage. Tower (London) mint; im: cross-crosslet. Struck February 1561. Crowned bust 3Ci left, wearing ruff / Coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. BCW CC5Ai/CC-c1; North 1985; SCBC 2555. Some light porosity. Toned. Good VF. Good portrait. ($750)

1028. STUART. James I. 1603-1625. AV Unite (37mm, 10.07 g, 10h). Second coinage, crown gold. Tower (London) mint; im: lis. Struck 1604-1605. Crowned and armored half-length second bust right, holding scepter and globus cruciger / Crowned coat-of-arms; I R flanking. Schneider 22 (same dies); North 2083; SCBC 2618. Some lustre. In NGC encapsulation 5932995-005, graded AU 58. ($3000)

275


1029. STUART. James I. 1603-1625. AV Laurel –– Twenty Shillings (36mm, 8.94 g, 1h). Third coinage. Tower (London) mint; im: spur rowel. Struck 3 September 1619-23 June 1620. Laureate and armored bust (2nd) left; XX (mark of value) to right / Crowned coat-of-arms. Schneider 83 var. (stops); North 2112; SCBC 2638. Polished surfaces, a few light marks. Near EF. Fine style early issue. Rare. ($1500)

1030. STUART. James I. 1603-1625. AV Laurel –– Twenty Shillings (33.5mm, 8.97 g, 3h). Third coinage. Tower (London) mint; im: trefoil. Struck 1624. Laureate and armored bust (4th) left; XX (mark of value) to right / Crowned coat-ofarms. Schneider –; North 2114; SCBC 2638B. Some scratches and minor roughness. Toned. VF. ($2000) From the David J. Fleischmann Collection.

1031. STUART. James I. 1603-1625. AR Shilling (31.5mm, 5.82 g, 4h). First coinage. Tower (London) mint; im: thistle. Struck 1603-1604. Crowned second bust right / Coat-of-arms. North 2073; SCBC 2646. Toned. Good VF. A pleasing portrait piece. ($750) Purchased by the consignor from Baldwin’s, 2013 (ticket included).

1032. STUART. James I. 1603-1625. AR Sixpence (27mm, 3.09 g, 11h). First coinage. Tower (London) mint; im: thistle. Struck 1603-1604. Crowned and mantled bust (1st) right; VI (mark of value) to left / Coat-of-arms. North 2074; SCBC 2647. Richly toned. VF. ($400) Ex Mark Freehill Collection, purchased from Spink.

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1033

1034

1033. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Halfcrown (33mm, 15.09 g, 9h). Group V. Tower (London) mint; im: scepter. Struck under Parliament, 1646-1648. Charles on horseback left, holding reins and sword / Coat-of-arms. Brooker 378–9; North 2215; SCBC 2780. Weak in center otherwise as struck. Lightly toned. In NGC encapsulation 5932995-001, graded AU 53. The last Halfcrown issue for Charles I. ($400) Reportedly ex Alan Morris Collection.

1034. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Shilling (31mm, 5.52 g, 8h). Type 1. York mint; im: lion passant. Struck 16431644. Crowned and mantled bust left; XII (mark of value) to right / Coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée with bezants in angles; EB OR above. Brooker 1089 (same dies); North 2316; SCBC 2870. Toned. VF. ($600) Purchased by the consignor from A.H. Baldwin and Sons, 1972 (ticket included).

1035. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Threepence (18.5mm, 1.11 g, 4h). Declaration type. Bridgnorth-on-Severn mint(?); im: plumelet/–. Dated 1646. CAROLVS · D : G : M : B : F : ET · HI : REX, crowned bust left; plumelet to left, III (mark of value) to right / · EXVRGAT · DEVS · DISSIPENTVR · INIMICI, REL · PROT :/LEG : AN :/LIB : PA : in three lines; plumelet and scroll above, 1646 below. Brooker 1134; North 2526; SCBC 3043. Minor double strike on obverse. Toned. Bold VF. Rare. ($750) Ex Dr. J. Hullet Collection, purchased from P.F. Purvey, 2 January 1985; Spink Numismatic Circular XCI.6 (July 1983), no. 4798; Spink Numismatic Circular LXXXIX.10 (October 1981), no. 7292.

1036

1037

1036. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Groat (21.5mm, 1.61 g, 12h). Exeter mint; im: rose. Dated 1644. Crowned and mantled bust left; IIII (mark of value) to right / Crowned and garnished coat-of-arms. Brooker 1071 (same dies); North 2579; SCBC 3088. Weak in parts of obverse legend. Toned. Good VF. ($600) 1037. STUART, Siege money. Newark. 1645-1646. AR Ninepence (31x36mm, 4.10 g, 12h). In the name of Charles I. Dated 1645. Large crown; C R flanking, IX (mark of value) below / OBS:/ NEWARK/ 1645. Brooker 1226 (same dies); North 2641; SCBC 3145. Some light marks. Toned. Near VF. ($1000) Purchased by the consignor from A.H. Baldwin and Sons (ticket included).

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1038. STUART (ORANGE). William III. 1694-1702. AV Guinea (25mm, 8.30 g, 5h). Tower (London) mint. Dated 1701. GVLIELMVS • III • DEI • GRA •, laureate second bust right / MAG • BR • FRA • ET • HIB • REX • 17 01 •, crowned cruciform coats-of-arms with scepters in angles; arms of Nassau at center. MCE 186; SCBC 3460. Minor marks and rub on cheek otherwise a most attractive example. Toned with considerable luster. Choice EF. ($6000)

1039. STUART (ORANGE). William III. 1694-1702. AR Halfcrown (32.5mm, 14.48 g, 6h). Tower (London) mint. Dually dated RY decimo and 1698. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Crowned cruciform coats-of-arms around central arms of Nassau. ESC 554; SCBC 3494. Trace of die clash and adjustment marks. In NGC encapsulation 5932995-004, graded MS 64. ($750)

Ex Norweb Collection

1040. HANOVER. George II. 1727-1760. AR Shilling (25mm, 5.99 g, 6h). LIMA issue. Tower (London) mint. Dated 1745. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; LIMA below / Crowned cruciform coat-of-arms around rayed Garter star. ESC 1205; SCBC 3703. Beautifully toned with underlying luster. In NGC encapsulation 5932995-003, graded MS 64. ($750) Ex E.M.H. Norweb (Part 4, Spink, 17 June 1987), lot 1552.

1041 1042 1041. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. AV Half Guinea (20.5mm, 4.19 g, 12h). Early coinage, ‘spade’ type. Tower (London) mint. Dated 1787. Laureate head right / Crowned coat-of-arms. MCE 427; SCBC 3735. Toned, light marks. Good VF. ($500) 1042. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. AR Dollar (40mm, 27.04 g, 11h). Bank of England issue. Dated 1804. Laureate, draped, and armored bust right / Britannia seated left, holding olive branch and spear, and leaning upon Union shield; cornucopia below; beehive in background to left; all within turreted collar. ESC 149; SCBC 3768. Minor die breaks. Attractive specimen with even blue tone. EF. ($500) 278


1043

1044

1043. HANOVER. George IV. 1820-1830. AV Two Pounds (28mm, 15.87 g, 6h). London mint. Dated 1823. Bare head left / St. George on horseback rearing right, holding reins and sword and slaying dragon to lower right. SCBC 3798. A few bag marks. Good VF. ($1500) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex Todd Hansen Collection; Dix Noonan Webb 63 (7 October 2004), lot 533.

1044. HANOVER. George IV. 1820-1830. AV Sovereign (22mm, 7.93 g, 6h). London mint. Dated 1826. Bare head left / Crowned coat-of-arms. Marsh 11; SCBC 3801. A few light marks. VF. ($750) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex El Medina Collection.

1045. HANOVER. George IV. 1820-1830. Bronzed Proof CU Penny (34mm, 18.67 g, 12h). Second issue. London mint. Dated 1826. Laureate bust left / Britannia seated right on rock pile, holding Union shield and trident; shamrock, rose, and thistle in exergue. Peck 1428; SCBC 3823. Warm brown surfaces, minor rim mark, a few small blemishes. Attractive. In NGC encapsulation 5938193-002, graded PF 62 BN. ($750) Ex Brondesbury Park Collection, purchased from Seaby, 18 April 1969.

Recovered from the SS Egypt off Ushant in 1932

1046. SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA. Edward VII. 1901-1910. AV Sovereign (22mm, 7.99 g, 12h). London mint. Dated 1905. Head right / Pistrucci’s St. George and the Dragon. Marsh 177; Bentley 350; MEC 624; SCBC 3969. Sea salvage, rim nick. EF. In original presentation case with original Lloyd’s of London ticket describing the disaster and rescue operation. ($500)

1047. SCOTLAND. James V. 1513-1542. AR Groat (25mm, 2.48 g, 6h). Second coinage, type III. Edinburgh mint. Struck 1526-1539. Crowned bust right / Coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. Burns 16-7 (fig. 718) var. (legends); SCBI 58 (Edinburgh), 92 (same dies); SCBC 5378. Slight doubling on reverse, a few light marks. Good VF. Struck on a broad flan. ($750) 279


Superb Emery Forgery

1048. SCOTLAND. Mary. 1542-1567. Fantasy AR Testoon (31mm, 5.60 g, 1h). Third period, first widowhood. William Taylor, engraver(?). Dated 1561 (though struck by Emery, 1840s). MARIA · DEI · GRA · SCOTORVM · REGINA ·, bust left, wearing ruff; tablet below / + DA · PACEM · DOMINE 1561, crowned coat-of-arms; stars flanking. Pagan, “Mr. Emery’s Mint,” in BNJ 40 (1971), 97. Richly toned. EF. ($1500) In the early 1840s, a glut of counterfeit ancient and British coins appeared on the London market. The forgeries were struck by an individual by the name of Emery, possibly a London plate glass maker. The dies are of fine quality and have been suggested to be the work of William Taylor, a notorious engraver also responsible for the 1847 Liberian coinage and many of the restrikes of Soho mint issues.

1049. SCOTLAND. James VI. 1567-1625. AV Sword & Scepter Piece (29mm, 4.54 g, 8h). Eighth coinage. Edinburgh mint. Dated 1603. Crowned coat-of-arms / Crossed sword and scepter; crown above, thistles flanking, · I603 · below. SCBI 58 (Edinburgh), 1312-3 (same dies); SCBC 5460. Toned, once cleaned, edge crimp, evidence of having been placed in a mount. Near VF. ($1000) From the Lampasas Collection. Ex James & Martha Robertson Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 468, 20 May 2020), lot 802; Spink 155 (3 October 2001), lot 574.

1050. SCOTLAND. James VII, as James II of England. 1685-1689. AR 40 Shillings (34mm, 18.29 g, 12h). Edinburgh mint. Dually dated 1688 and RY quarto. Laureate and draped bust right; : 40 · below / Crowned coat-of-arms. Burns 4 (fig. 1062); SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian) 1677-8; SCBC 5640. Toned, light marks under toning. Near VF. Rare. ($750)

280


1051. SCOTLAND. William II (III of England). 1694-1702. AR Twenty Shillings (30mm, 9.20 g, 12h). Edinburgh mint. Dated 1698/7. Laureate and draped bust left; 20 (mark of value) below / Crowned coat-of-arms. Cf. SCBI 3535 (Ashmolean & Hunterian) 1749; SCBC 5686. Toned, some light adjustment marks. Good VF. ($750) Ex Clonterbrook Trust (Glendining, 7 June 1974), lot 360; R. C. Lockett Collection (Scottish II, 26 October 1960), lot 965 (part of). Also reportedly ex T. Bearman Collection (purchased by A.H Baldwin and Sons, 1922); Rev. J.H. Pollexfen (Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 26 June 1900), lot 444 (part of).

Rare Ballindalloch Cotton Works Counterstamp

1052. SCOTLAND, Countermarked coinage. Strathspey, Ballindalloch. Ballindalloch Cotton Works. AR 2 Shillings 6 Pence (40mm, 28.29 g). Undated, but issued 1800-1810. BALLINDALLOCH/Cotton Works around bale of cotton, countermarked on a 1791 Nantes Half Écu of Louis XVI. For countermark: Eric C. Hodge, Ballindalloch Works Checks. Contemporary Documentation Discovered (https://britnumsoc.files.wordpress.com/2018/07/009-eric-hodge-ballindalloch. pdf), p. 2; Brunk B-234; For host: Droulers 810. Toned. Host coin Near VF, Countermark Good VF. Extremely rare, none in CoinArchives. ($1000)

281


An American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies

Lot 1055

Lot 1074

Lot 1056

Lot 1060

Lot 1053

Lot 1068

Lot 1071

282


Crux Type With Right Facing Bust

1053. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (21mm, 1.64 g, 3h). Phase I coinage. Imitating Crux type of Æthelred II. Dublin mint; Asketill, moneyer. Struck circa 995-1000. แ Zዢ˶ዢʽ! ዝዢü⌦ዢ⍶ ȵ⌓⌦ɭ, draped bust right; trefoil-tipped scepter to right / ม ©ZüዒͿዒ⌦ ɭ! ዝዢዓ⌦ȵü, voided short cross; æ ʼ ѝ ҟ in quarters. O’S Type 1; SCBI –; Hildebrand 11 = B. Roth, “The Coins of the Danish Kings of Ireland. Hiberno-Norse Series” in BNJ 1909, 13 (same dies); SCBC 6100. Some light die wear otherwise lightly toned. Choice EF. A remarkable coin of the highest rarity. ($10,000) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies. As far as we are aware this is the only example of the excessively rare Crux type with a right facing bust in private hands. The bust is engraved in, what North describes as, a “Benediction Hand” style. This bust style is encountered on the very earliest coins struck in the Crux issue of Aethelred II before the left facing bust was introduced. Could our coin be one of the earliest products of Sihtric’s mint?.

Complete King’s Name

1054. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (19.5mm, 1.54 g, 3h). Phase I coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Dublin mint; Faeremin, moneyer. Struck circa 1000-1010. แ ӲዢƊ˶ʽዢü ʽ⌓ᛸ ዝYዓ⌦ዢn, draped bust left; pellet behind neck / ม ዓ®ʽዒ⍵nn ȵ/∂ ዝYዓ⌦ዢ, voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends; pellet in each central crescent. O’S Type 3; SCBI –; Hildebrand 24; SCBC 6103. Struck from good Saxon style dies. Slight crimp. Toned. EF. Very rare with full spelling of Sihtric. ($2000) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies.

Cross Behind Bust

1055. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (20mm, 1.44 g, 12h). Phase I coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Dublin mint; Faeremin, moneyer. Struck circa 1000-1010. แ ӲዢƊ˶ʽü ʽ⌓แ ዝYዓ⌦ȵዢ, draped bust left; small cross behind neck / ม ዓ®ʽዒnዢn ȵ/∂ ዝYዓ⌦ዢ, voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends; pellet in each central crescent. O’S Type 3; SCBI –; Hildebrand 45; SCBC 6103. Slightly worn reverse die. Otherwise lightly toned. EF. Rare variety with cross behind bust and distinctive “simian” portrait. ($2500) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies. Ex CNG inventory 994959 (December 2014). Struck from the same reverse die as the proceeding lot.


1056. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (19.5mm, 1.58 g, 4h). Phase I coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Dublin mint; Faeremin, moneyer. Struck circa 1000-1010. แ ӲዢƊ˶ʽü ʽ⌓แ ዝYዓ⌦ዢnȵ, draped bust left; pellet behind neck / ม ዓ/®/ʽዒȵ/n ȵ∂ ዝYዓ⌦=, voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends. O’S Type 3; Hilderband -; SCBI -; SCBC 6103. Small bust of neat style. Some light earthen deposits. EF. Very rare. ($2500) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies. Ex CNG inventory 994960 (December 2014).

Unpublished with Retrograde Legend

1057. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (20mm, 1.50 g, 5h). Phase I coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Dublin mint; Faeremin, moneyer. Struck circa 1000-1010. แ ӲዢƊ˶ʽü ʽ⌓แ ዝYዓnዢ, draped bust left; pellet behind neck / ®Hዢ⎥ ɭ/ዦ Hዦዒʽ LXҟ , voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends; pellet in each central crescent. O’S Type 3; SCBI –; SCBC 6103. Hairline crack along jaw. A few light marks. Good VF. Apparently unpublished with retrograde legend on reverse. ($1500) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies.

1058. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (20mm, 1.35 g, 6h). Phase I coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Dublin mint; Faenemin, moneyer. Struck circa 1000-1010. แ Ӳ⍵ዢʽü ʽ⌓แ TYዓ⌦nዢŭ, draped bust left; pellet behind neck / ม ዓ®nዒȵn ȵ∂ TYnዢ, voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends. O’S Type 3; SCBI-; SCBC 6103. Minor die flaw on obverse. Light toned. Near EF. Very rare from these dies. ($2000) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies.

284


1059. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (19mm, 1.54 g, 3h). Phase I coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Dublin mint; Faenemin, moneyer. Struck circa 1000-1010. แ Ӳዢዢዢ˶ʽü ʽ⌓แ⌓ ĕY⌓⌦ዢዢ, draped bust left; behind neck, pellet with four small pellets around / ม ዓ/®ȵዒȵn ȵ∂ TYዢ⌦, voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends. O’S Type 3; R.H.M. Dolley, “The Dublin pennies in the Name of Sihtric Silkbeard in the Hermitage Museum in Leningrad” in The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland 93.1 (1963), pl. 1, 2 (same dies); SCBI –; SCBC 6103. Minor double strike and slight crimp. Uneven tone. Near EF. Rare variety with five pellets behind bust. ($1000) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies. Ex VAuctions 318 (15 December 2015), lot 485.

Moneyer Siel

1060. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (20mm, 1.31 g, 6h). Phase I coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Dublin mint; Siel, moneyer. Struck circa 1000-1010. แ ӲዢƊ˶ʽü ʽ⌓แ TYዓnዢ, draped bust left; pellet behind neck / ม Ӳዢዒ⌦ ∂ TYዓ)⌦nዢዒዢ⍵ዢዢќ, voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends. O’S Type 3; Hilderbrand 72; SCBI 8 (British Museum), 22 (same dies); SCBC 6103. Some very light porosity under attractive tone. EF. Very rare moneyer. ($2000) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies.

1061. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (19mm, 1.44 g, 11h). Phase I coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Winchester(?) mint signature; ‘Byrntioth’, moneyer. Struck circa 1000-1010. แ ӲዢƊ˶ʽü ʽ⌓แ ዝYዓnዢዢ, draped bust left; pellet behind neck / ม BYʽn˶ዢ∂T ȵ=∂ ʽዢnዢ, voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends. O’S Type 3; SCBI 8 (British Museum), 40; SCBC 6103. Slight crimp and light die flaws. Good VF. Rare with ‘Winchester’ mint signature. ($1500) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies.

285


Struck in York from Hiberno-Norse Style Dies?

1062. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (20mm, 1.47 g, 3h). Phase I coinage. Imitating Long Cross type and in the name of Æthelred II. York mint signature; Hilduf, moneyer. Struck circa 1000-1010. ม®Tዞ⌦ያዞዝ ያዞม ⍒ዢű⌦ዢ∂, draped bust left; small cross pattée behind neck / ม Hዢ⌦/ዝѝ⌦ዓ ዦ/∂ ዞ∂ዟያ, voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends; pellet in 2nd quarter. O’S Type 3; SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 30 var. (pellet in 4th quarter); SCBC 6107. Peck on reverse. Iridescent tone. EF. An intriguing coin . ($1500) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies. Mark Blackburn contends that the coins of this moneyer were actually struck at York, using a Hiberno-Norse styled obverse die (see M. Blackburn, “The Dublin Coinage, c. 995-1050” in BNJ 78 (2008), p. 124, and ibid, “Thoughts on imitations of the Anglo-Saxon Coinage” in SCMB 710 (1977), pp. 348–9, Reverse 2).

1063. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (20mm, 1.41 g, 12h). Phase I coinage. Imitating Long Cross type and in the name of Æthelred II. Struck circa 1000-1010. ม ዞT⌦ዞያT ያዞม ⍒é⌦n, draped bust left; pellet behind neck / ม nT ∂ዦn ያዞዢዞ ∂ዦH, voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends. O’S Type 3; SCBI –; SCBC 6107. Of unusual style. Minor crimp. Lightly toned. Good VF. Rare. ($1500) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies.

Extremely Rare Mint & Moneyer

1064. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (19.5mm, 1.71 g, 12h). Phase I coinage. Imitating Long Cross type and in the name of Æthelred II. Winchester(?) mint signature; Leofwold, moneyer. Struck circa 1000-1010. ม®Tዞ⌦ያዞዝ ያዞม ⍒ዢű⌦∂, draped bust left; small cross pattée behind neck / ม ⌦ዞ∂ዓዩ∂⌦ዝ ዦY∂ ዝዢn, voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends. O’S Type 3; Hildebrand -; SCBI –; SCBC 6107. Struck from a worn reverse die. EF. Extremely rare of this moneyer and mint. ($2000) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies.

286


In the Name of Thymn

1065. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (19.5mm, 1.33 g, 3h). Phase I coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Dublin mint; Faenemin, moneyer. Struck circa 1000-1010. แ TYȵn ʽɭ⌓แ ȵn⌓ŭȵዢ, draped bust left; pellet behind neck / ม ዓ/®ȵዢዒnȵn n∂ዢ TYȵ, voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends; pellet in each central crescent. O’S Type 3; SCBI 8 (British Museum), 29 var. (rev. legend); SCBC 6108. A little double struck on obverse, small scratch and dig on reverse. Toned. Near EF. Very rare. ($2000) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies. The meaning of the obverse legend remains enigmatic.

Moneyer Siult

1066. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (19mm, 1.45 g, 4h). Phase II coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Dublin mint; ‘Siult’, moneyer. Struck circa 1015-1035. แ ӲዢƊ˶ʽü ʽ⌓แ ĕYዓ⌦⍵, draped bust left; small cross pattée behind neck / ม Ӳዢќ⌦˶ ⍵∂ ĕዢዓ⌦ዢn⍒⍵, voided long cross, with pellet at center and triplecrescent ends; pellets in quarters. O’S Type 3; Hildebrand 73; SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 62–3; SCBC 6122. Some light deposits and a few minor marks. Toned. Near EF. Very rare of this moneyer. ($1500) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies.

1067. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (18mm, 0.99 g, 4h). Phase II coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Uncertain mint and moneyer. Struck circa 1015-1035. Draped bust left; large pellet behind neck / Voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends; pellets in first and second quarters. O’S Type 3; SCBI –; SCBC 6125. Toned. VF. Rare. ($750) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies.

287


1068. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (18mm, 0.80 g, 3h). Phase II coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Uncertain mint; ‘Færifn,’ moneyer. Struck circa 1015-1035. Draped bust left; pellet to left, cross pommée to right / ม ዓ®ʽዢዓn Ƀn∂ nዢ⌓n, voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends; small pellets in first and fourth quarters, large pellets in second and third. O’S Type 3; SCBI 32 (Ulster) 92 var. (rev. legend and pellets; same obv. die); SCBC 6125. Some die wear. Richly toned. Good VF. ($750) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies.

1069. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (18mm, 0.78 g, 7h). Phase II coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Uncertain mint and moneyer. Struck circa 1015-1035. Draped bust left; cross pommée to right / Voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends; small pellets in first, second, and and fourth quarters, five(?) small pellets in third. O’S Type 3; SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 79-80 (same dies); SCBC 6125. Slightly double struck from worn dies. Toned. VF. Rare. ($500) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies.

Crozier Behind Bust

1070. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (17mm, 1.19 g, 2h). Phase II coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Uncertain mint and moneyer. Struck circa 1015-1035. Draped bust left; inverted crozier to right / Voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends; small pellets in quarters. O’S Type 3; SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 85-6 (same dies); SCBC 6125A. Old mark before face. Toned. Good VF. Rare. ($750) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 344 (12 February 2015). lot 634.

1071. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (17mm, 1.20 g, 8h). Phase II coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Uncertain mint and moneyer. Struck circa 1015-1035. Draped bust left; inverted crozier to right / Voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends; small pellets in quarters. O’S Type 3; SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 88 (same dies); SCBC 6125A. A few light marks. Iridescent tone on obverse. Good VF. Rare. ($750) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies. An obverse die duplicate to the proceeding lot.

288


1072 1073 1072. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Circa 1035-1055/60. AR Penny (16mm, 0.71 g). Phase III coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Uncertain mint and moneyer. Struck circa 1035-1060. Draped bust left / Voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends; ‘hand; symbols in alternating quarters. O’S Type 3; SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 170 (same dies); SCBC 6125A. Hairline edge split and minor edge loss. Toned. VF. ($400) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies.

1073. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Circa 1035-1055/60. AR Penny (17mm, 0.93 g, 12h). Phase III coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Uncertain mint and moneyer. Struck circa 1035-1060. Draped bust left / Voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends; ‘hand; symbols in alternating quarters. O’S Type 3; SCBI 8 (BM), 86 (same dies); SCBC 6132. Metal on obverse. Toned. Good VF. Remarkably clear, if garbled, legends. ($500) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies.

1074. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Circa 1035-1055/60. AR Penny (17mm, 0.92 g). Phase III coinage. Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Uncertain mint and moneyer. Struck circa 1035-1060. Draped bust left / Voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends; ‘hand; symbols in alternating quarters. O’S Type 3; SCBI 32 (Ulster), 144-5 var. (rev. legend; same obv. die); SCBC 6132. Attractively toned. EF. ($750) From an American Collection of Hiberno-Norse Pennies.

1075

1076

1075. IRELAND. John. As Lord of Ireland, 1172-1199. AR Halfpenny (14mm, 1.41 g, 12h). Second (‘DOMinus’) coinage, group 1b. Dublin mint; Norman, moneyer. Struck circa 1190-1198. Facing diademed head / ม nɭˆȵ¨n ɭn ዝѾ, voided cross potent, with annulet in each quarter. Withers VI 4/h; D&F 36 and 39; SCBC 6205. A little soft on reverse. Toned. VF. ($400) 1076. IRELAND. John. As Lord of Ireland, 1172-1199. AR Halfpenny (14mm, 0.72 g, 11h). Second (‘DOMinus’) coinage, group 1b. Dublin mint; Norman, moneyer. Struck circa 1190-1198. Facing diademed head / ม nɭˆȵ¨n ɭn ዝɭɭ, voided cross potent, with annulet in each quarter. Withers VI 5/i; D&F 36 and 39; SCBC 6205. Light deposits. Toned. VF. ($400)

1077

1078

1077. IRELAND. John. As Lord of Ireland, 1172-1199. AR Halfpenny (14mm, 0.71 g, 6h). Second (‘DOMinus’) coinage, group 1b. Dublin mint; Tomas, moneyer. Struck circa 1190-1198. Facing diademed head / ม ˶ɭȵ¨S ɭn ዝ⎍⎍ዞ, voided cross potent, with annulet in each quarter. Withers VI 4/b; D&F 36 and 39; SCBC 6205. Toned. VF. ($300) 1078. IRELAND. John. As Lord of Ireland, 1172-1199. AR Halfpenny (14mm, 0.74 g, 6h). Second (‘DOMinus’) coinage, group 1b. Waterford mint; Marcus, moneyer. Struck circa 1195-1198. Facing diademed head / ม ȵ¨ˆæ ɭn Ѿ¨˶ዞˆ, voided cross potent, with annulet in each quarter. Withers VI 1/c; D&F 39; SCBC 6208. Find patina. VF. Rare. ($400) 289


1079

1080

1079. IRELAND. Henry III. 1216-1272. AR Penny (18mm, 1.47 g, 4h). Class Ia. Dublin mint; David, moneyer. Struck 1251-1254. Facing bust wearing jeweled crown and holding cruciform scepter; cinquefoil to right; all within triangle with thin inner triangler / Voided long cross, with pellet at center; triple pellets in quarters. C&T obv. die A(a)29; Dykes Class A(a); D&F 53; SCBI 10 (Ulster), 412 (same dies); SCBC 6235 (see also 6241 for Class IIb types with a jeweled crown). Reverse a little off centre. Toned. Good VF. Rare type with jeweled crown. ($400) 1080. IRELAND. Edward IV. Second reign, 1471-1483. AR Groat (25mm, 2.04 g, 10h). Light “Cross and Pellets” Coinage. Waterford mint; im: rosette. Struck 1473-1478?. Ⴞ ĚĕѾ⍒ˆĕVs # ĕĚI # ŷr⍒ # ĕNs # ƌҹBĚrN, crowned facing bust in tressure of arches; quatrefoils by bust; ŷ on breast / ʖɨSVƩ Ḻ DĿVM Ḻ ¥ DƩVͿɨˆ Ŀ= # MEVM/ýƩVƩ ˶AS Ḻ Ѿ⍒ͿĿ Ŗɭˆ, long cross; three pellets in each quarter; # in second and third quarters. D&F 134; SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 399; SCBC 6369A (6349). Toned. VF. ($500)

1081. IRELAND. Edward VI. 1547-1553. AR Sixpence (24.5mm, 2.32 g, 9h). Class II. Dublin mint; im: –/boar’s head. Posthumous issue in the name of Henry VIII, struck 1547-circa 1550. Crowned bust facing slightly right / Coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. Laker bust B; D&F 214; SCBC 6486. Weak in part. Wonderful crude portrait. Good VF. Rare. ($1000)

1082. IRELAND, The Great Rebellion. Issues of the Lords Justices. 1642-1649. AR Crown (41mm, 29.86 g, 7h). “Ormonde Money” issue. Issued 1643-1644. Large C R; crown above; all within linear and beaded border / Large V; S above; all within linear and beaded border . D&F 288; SCBC 6544. Some light scratches under rich cabinet toning with some iridescence. VF. ($750)

290


1083. IRELAND, The Great Rebellion. Issues of the Lords Justices. 1642-1649. AR Half Crown (35mm, 14.95 g, 12h). “Ormonde Money” issue. Issued 1643-1644. Large C • R; crown above; all within linear and beaded border / Large II•VI; S •D above; all within linear and beaded border . D&F 293; SCBC 6545. Some die flaws. Scrape on reverse under tone. VF. ($750)

1084. IRELAND, The Great Rebellion. Issues of the Lords Justices. 1642-1649. AR Twopence (13mm, 0.84 g, 10h). “Ormonde Money” issue. Issued 1643-1644. Large C·R; crown above; all within linear and beaded border / Large I·I; D above; all within linear and beaded border. D&F 310; SCBC 3550. Toned. Near VF. Very rare. ($750)

1085. ANGLO-GALLIC. Henry VI. 1422-1461. AV Salut d’or (27mm, 3.47 g, 5h). Dijon mint; im: vernicle. Second issue, struck 1422-1435. The Annunciation: the Virgin, standing facing, receiving tablet inscribed AVЄ from the Archangel Gabriel standing left; heavenly light above, two coats-of-arms below / Latin cross; lis to left, lion passant to right; Һ below; all within tressure of ten arcs; lis at point of each arc. AGC 383E, 1/a; SCBC 8164. Some light marks, slight wave in flan. Toned. VF. Rare. ($2000) Lot includes Sovereign Rarities inventory ticket, priced at £3750.

291


BRITISH MEDALS

1086. TUDOR. Mary. 1553-1554. Cast Æ Medal (67mm, 59.39 g, 12h). By Jacopo Nizzola da Trezzo. Later cast of an undated original. MARIA · I · REG · ANGL · FRANC · ET · HIB · FIDEI · DEFENSATRIX, half-length bust left; IAC TREZ below / CECIS VISVS TIMIDIS QVIES, Crowned figure of Pax seated slightly right on rocks assailed by waves, holding palm frond and olive branch and torch, setting weapons of war alight; to left, figures in supplication beneath tree; belvedere in background to right; and radiance above. Attwood 80; Eimer 33. Brown surfaces with coppery highlights, some light pitting, holed for suspension. Good VF. ($750)

1087. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Medal (30mm, 8.45 g, 6h). Death and Memorial of Charles I. By T. Rawlins. Dated 30 January 1648. CAROLVS · D: G : MAG : BRIT : FRAN : ET · HIB : REX · FIDEI · DEFENSOR, armored and draped bust left / IMMOTA TRIVMPHANS, island in a stormy sea; above, two clouds blowing winds towards island. MI 341/190; Eimer 158. Some light marks under attractive old cabinet toning. Near EF. Rare. ($750)

292


Medallic Masterpiece by Thomas Rawlins

1088. STUART. Sir William Parkhurst. d. 1667. AR Cliché Medallion (77.5mm, 11.74 g, 12h). By Thomas Rawlins. Dated 1644. Facing half-length bust, holding medal of Charles I; in banner around GVILIEL : PARKHVRST · EQV : AVRA · CVSTOS · CAMB : ET · MONET : TOT : ANGL : 1623; all within ornate frame with floral decoration; below, tablet inscribed Rawlins Sculps; · OXON · · 1644 · to left and right / Incuse of obverse. MI 311/40; Scher, Pursuit 121 (includes wooden case of different design). A large medal of superb workmanship. Slight crimp to left of head. Otherwise toned. Near EF. In handsome lignum vitae turned presentation box. Extremely rare. ($7500) Ex C. Foley (Wolley & Wallis, 16 October 2014), 266; Morton & Eden, 27 June 2006, 416 . Sir William Parkhurst (d. 1667) was a loyal servant of both James I and Charles I. He served on a number diplomatic missions to the court of Savoy in the 1610s and was knighted in 1619. Granted joint wardenship of the Mint in 1623 he was elected to the House of Commons as the member for St. Ives two years later. Parkhurst was granted wardenship of the Mint for life in 1629 and for a time he resided in the Tower. When Parliament took control of the Mint in August 1642 Parkhurst was already in the King’s camp and supervised the establishment of royalist mints at Shrewsbury and later Oxford. It was there in 1644 that Thomas Rawlins created this exquisite cliché medallion. Rawlins depicts Parkhurst holding a badge of Charles I, almost certainly a work of Rawlins himself. The solemn, characterful portrait is framed by a cartouche of floral festoons and lion’s heads. The treatment of this ornate frame bears similarities with Rawlins’s other masterpieces of 1644; the celebrated ‘City View’ Crown and the ‘Cartouche’ Pound. After the fall of Oxford in 1646 Parkhurst was arrested and heavily fined by Parliament. He retired to his estates in Kent for the duration of the Commonwealth regaining the wardenship of the Mint on the Restoration in 1660. He remained in office until his death in 1667. He is buried in the chapel of St Peter ad Vincula in the Tower.

293


1089. STUART. Anne. 1702-1714. AR Medal (35mm, 15.38 g, 2h). Accession. By J. Croker. Struck 1702. ANNA · D : G : MAG : BR : FR : ET · HIB : REGINA ·, crowned and draped bust left / ENTIRELY · ENGLISH, heart surrounded by crowned wreath of laurel and oak branches; all set on pediment inscribed ATAVIS/REGIBVS in two lines. MI 227/1; Eimer 388. Rich cabinet toning with hints of iridescence and underlying luster. EF. ($500) From an old collection formed circa 1880-1890.

1090. HANOVER. Caroline. Queen consort, 1727-1737. AR Medal (34mm, 18.82 g, 12h). Coronation. By J. Croker. Dated 11 October 1727 (in Roman numerals). CAROLINA D G MAG BR FR ET HIB REGINA, bust left / HIC AMOR HÆC PATRIA, Caroline standing facing, head lowered slightly left; to left, Religion standing right, holding Bible; to right, Britannia standing left, holding spear and Union shield; in exergue, CORON XI OCTOB/ MDCCXXVII. MI 480/8; Eimer 512. Iridescent toning. EF. ($300) From the David J. Fleischmann Collection.

1091. HANOVER. George IV. 1820-1830. CU Medal (72mm, 12h. Restoration of Windsor Castle. By Alfred Joseph Stothard, for Rundell, Bridge and Rundell. Dated 1828. GEORGIVS IV DEI GRATIA BRITANNIARVM REX, head right; STOTHARD.F. on truncation of neck; RUNDELL BRIDGE & RUNDELL below / WINDSOR CASTLE FOUNDED BY WILLIAM THE CONQUERER., view of Windsor Castle, showing the Round Tower and the King George IV Gateway; in exergue, phoenix arising from flames above RESTORED BY GEORGE IV/1828 in two lines. BHM 1337; Eimer 1202. In PCGS encapsulation 35842976, graded SP62BN. ($400) 294


1092. HANOVER. William IV, with Adelaide. 1830-1837. AR Medal (33mm, 18.25 g, 12h). Coronation issue. London mint. By W. Wyon, after F. Chantrey. Dated 8 September 1831. WILLIAM THE FOURTH CROWNED SEP: 8 1831, head of William right; W · WYON · S · below / ADELAIDE. QUEEN CONSORT. CROWNED SEP: 8 1831, diademed head of Adelaide right; W · WYON · S · below. BHM 1475; Eimer 1251. Beautifully toned, light finger marks. As struck. ($400) From the Lampasas Collection; G. W. K. Roberts (Classical Numismatic Group 111, 29 May 2019), lot 1148.

1093. HANOVER. John Jeffreys, Marquis of Camden. 1759-1840. AR Medal (44mm, 41.48 g, 12h). Installation as Chancellor of Cambridge University. Soho (Birmingham) mint. Published by J. Peters. Dated 1835. JOAN : JEFFREYS MARCH : CAMDEN : NBILISS : ACAD : CANTAB: CANCELL :, collared and mantled bust left; 1835 below / Interior view of the Senate House; above, Victory flying left, holding wreath and palm frond; in exergue, DEUM TIMETO : REGEM HONORATO/ VIRTUTEM COLITO :/ DISCIPLINUS DATO. BHM 1685; Eimer 1282. Most attractively toned. Choice EF. Superb architectural interior type. ($500) From an old collection formed circa 1880-1890.

Victoria Golden Jubilee Medal Presented to the Mayor of Sheffield

1094. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. AR Medal (77mm, 218.00 g, 12h). Golden Jubilee Commemoration. By J. E. Boehm and F. Leighton. Struck 1887-1889. VICTORIA REGINA ET IMPERATRIX, crowned and veiled bust left; J · E · B on truncation / IN · COMMEMORATION, personification of the Empire seated facing on throne, holding reversed sword set on ground and globe surmounted by crowning Victory; above, two cherubim flying and holding shields and wreaths; to left, Science, Letters, and Art standing right; to right, Industry and Agriculture standing left; at their feet, Mercury reclining right and Time seated left; all set on pediment above five interlocked shields inscribed ASIA, AMERICA, EUROPA, AUSTRAL/ASIA, and AFRICA. BHM 3219; Eimer 1733b . Toned, minor handling marks. As made. In original presentation box to Sir Henry Stephenson (Mayor) by the Sheffield Queen’s Jubilee Demonstration Committee for his service as Chairman. ($750) 295


1095. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. AV Medal (26mm, 12.86 g, 12h). Diamond Jubilee. London mint. By G.W. de Saulles, after T. Brock and W. Wyon. Dually dated 1837 and 20 June 1897 (the latter in Roman numerals). AGW: 0.3790 oz. VICTORIA ANNVM REGNI SEXAGESIMVM FELICITER CLAVDIT XX · IVN · MDCCCXCVII · , crowned and veiled bust left / Head left, wearing bandeau, set on filleted olive branch; to left LONGI-/ TVDO/ DIERVM/I N/ DEXTERA/ EIVS in six lines to left, ET IN/ SINISTRA / GLORIA in three lines to right. BHM 3506; Eimer 1817b. Lightly toned. EF. In original presentation box. ($750)

1096. WINDSOR. Edward VIII. As Prince of Wales, 1911-1936. AR Medal (35mm, 20.30 g, 12h). Official Investiture Medal. Royal Mint. By W. Goscombe John. Dated 13 July 1911 (in Roman numerals). INVESTITVRE · OF · EDWARD · PRINCE · OF · WALES · K · G, crowned bust facing slightly left, wearing coronation regalia; across fields, CARN- -ARVON/ IVLY XIII MCMXI / · ARWISGIAD · IORWERTH · TУWУSOG · CУMRU · M · G ·, view of Caernarfon Castle, seen from Afon Seiont, at dawn with rays in background; above, crowned plumes within Garter; in exergue, Y Ddraig Goch (Welsh Dragon). Giordano CM23b; BHM 4079; Eimer 1925. Toned. EF. ($400) From the Lampasas Collection.

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The Connoisseur Collection: Antiquities, Art, and Reference Books The objects and books offered in this section were acquired and curated over the past 40 years by a well-known expert in the field of classical antiquities, as part of his personal collection and reference library. All objects will require special shipping and handling via third party from their current location in Southern California.

ANTIQUITIES

1097. WORLD. Italian workshop. Over-Lifesize Marble Bust of the Roman Emperor Hadrian. Mid-late 19th century. Head and neck carved of white Carrara marble, and half-length upper torso with general’s cuirass and cloak carved in marmo rosso antico marble. Unsigned. Dimensions: Height 69 cm (35”); 84 cm (width 33”), weight: Approx. 750 pounds. The head and bust are separable. A truly grand and imposing portrait in high imperial style. The portrait and bust patterned on a bust in the British Museum, #1805,0703.95; Cf. C. Evers, Les portraits d’Hadrien: Typologie et ateliers (Brussels 1994), 126-127 no. 59; 319-324 figs. 51-52. Small nick on top of head, minor pits on forehead; on bust, a small area of expert restoration to the front of drapery, a few nicks along the bottom edge, otherwise intact and monumental. ($20,000) From the Collection of a Connoisseur. Ex Property of a Midwestern Private Collector (Skinner Auction 21 July 2014), lot 219.

Hadrian, reigned AD 117-138, was the most well-traveled of all Roman rulers, and is the subject of more surviving portrait busts than any other emperor save Augustus himself. An intellectual of immense curiosity and manifold abilities, Hadrian was perhaps underappreciated in his own time, but the great humanists of the Renaissance found in him a kindred spirit and he is now regarded as one of the greatest Roman emperors. His “philosopher’s beard,” a first for a Roman emperor, and somewhat inscrutable good looks lent themselves well to portraiture in all mediums. Modern scholars have classified his portraits into several distinct types produced at different points in his 21-year reign. With only about 150 surviving busts of Roman vintage, copies closely modeled on the Roman prototypes were produced by talented European sculptors of more recent eras to fill the need for a sculptural centerpiece for the parlors, libraries and gardens of the urbane elite. This bust, dating from the mid to late 1800s, was sculpted by an artist in Italy and is closely patterned on an example found at Hadrian’s Villa in Tivoli and subsequently obtained by the British Museum in 1805. Of a type produced at the peak of Hadrian’s reign, it depicts a mature man with a commanding expression, a carefully trimmed beard, and a thick head of wavy hair with fringe of a dozen curly locks framing his face. He wears the costume of a Roman general: metal cuirass with fringed leather straps known as pteruges protecting the upper arms, the whole engulfed in a heavy paludamentum, or officer’s cloak, pinned at the right shoulder with a large circular floral brooch. The bust depicts the entire upper torso (“half-length”) and can serve as its own pedestal. The head, of stark white Carrara marble, contrasts beautifully with the deep bust of variegated red and purple marmo rosso antico, an effect widely exploited by Roman sculptors. The head and bust are perhaps 25 percent larger than life-size, befitting such a larger-than-life figure.

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1098. ROMAN. Marble life-sized upper torso of a draped man. Circa 2nd-3rd century AD. In white Carrara marble, the bust depicts the lower neck, shoulders and upper chest of a man clad in a tunic and draped with a Greek-style mantle called a himation, which is pulled over both shoulders, twisted below the neck and tucked under in a manner often seen on statuary depicting philosophers. Dimensions: Height 41 cm (16”); width 48.25 cm (19”). Margarete Bieber, Roman Men in Greek Himation (Romani Palliati), and Contribution to Historic Copying, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society Vol. 103, no. 3 (1959), pp. 374-417, Fig. 51 (”model of a palliatus with veiled hands”). Light overall wear. The head is missing and a rough break appears at the neck truncation, with a raised area at the back and a deep indentation at the center, likely a socket enabling different heads to be used with the same bust. ($10,000) From the Collection of a Connoisseur. Ex J.D. Cahn A.G. Auction (Basel, 23 September 2005), lot 444; M.S. Arau Collection, acquired 1950-1960; exhibited at the Villa Albini in 1999, and the RomischGermanischen Museum Köln in 1990. Although the shoulders and upper torso superficially seem to be wearing the Roman toga, the folds seen here, which wrap around both shoulders with a prominent twist in the middle, are different from those of the Roman toga, which traditionally left one shoulder free. The outer garment seen here is the Greek himation, a large rectangular mantle which could be wrapped, twisted and folded around the body in any number of ways. High-status Romans of both sexes, including emperors, often portrayed themselves in Greek-style dress to indicate their knowledge or love of philosophy. Statues of Romans so dressed are referred to as palliati; usually, but not always, the left hand emerges from the central twisted fold and rests upon the chest. This bust seems configured to serve as a standard base for different heads.

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1099. ROMAN. Egypt. Limestone relief depicting a divine triad. Circa 2nd-3rd century AD. The relief scene depicts a bearded male wearing a polos (likely Serapis), seated facing on a high openwork throne, flanked by standing female figures on molded pedestals. The one to his left (the viewer’s right) is a wavy-haired goddess wearing a diaphanous, short-sleeved chiton wrapped with an overgarment tied between her breasts in an Isis knot; she holds a cornucopia filled with grain and fruits cradled in her left arm and rests her right hand on a tiller, identifying her as Isis-Fortuna. The female figure to the right wears a heavier stola with a palla wrapped around it and pulled up over her head; she holds a pair of grain ears in her lowered left hand, identifying her as Demeter. A smiling animal resembling a panther or a lioness sits at the left side of Serapis. Dimensions: Height 27.5 cm (10”), width 38.5 cm, (10.75”). A very rare survival in exceptional state of preservation. J.J. Herrmann Jr., Demeter-Isis or the Egyptian Demeter? A Greco-Roman Sculpture from an Egyptian Workshop in Boston (JDAI 114 (1999), p. 85, fig. 16. Fully intact; considerable light reddish pigment remaining, sharp details, deeply cut and well executed. ($8000) From the Collection of a Connoisseur. Ex Antiqua Catalog XV (2009) “from a North American collection, Santa Monica, CA”.

This remarkable triptytch demonstrates the many ways in which the deities of different cultures were amalgamated in Greek and Roman-ruled Egypt. The Greek Demeter and Egyptian Isis were frequently paired in antiquity, suggesting they had a special relationship, and many such representations also included an enthroned figure of Serapis between them. Demeter usually appears to the god’s right, and Isis to his left, as seen here. The two goddesses were seen as cultural equivalents, essentially the same goddess represented by two cultures. In the article noted above, J.J. Hermann suggests such scenes as this are not truly triads so much as a statement of this duality. Although the curious animal seated next to Serapis looks feline, it might actually represent Cerberus, guardian of the underworld, who is sometimes shown with only a single head instead of the usual two or three. Alternatively, it could be a panther, companion of Dionysos. This comports with Serapis’s role as a syncretistic deity incorporating the Egyptian Osiris / Apis with the Greek Hades / Dionysos.

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1100. ROMAN. Egypt. Gilded wooden funerary wreath. Circa 1st-4th century AD. Overall 29.5 cm in diameter, covered with stucco and then gilded, the outer band made up of triplets of laurel leaves converging on a central circular painted “jewel” of reddish hue, outlined in black. With custom stand in black metal. Art of Ancient Egypt (Abrams, 1969), p. 333, fig. 136 for a similar example. Intact with nearly full gilding, a few minor breaks and losses on the outside, the interior retaining its original reddish hue. ($4000) From the Collection of a Connoisseur. Ex R.D. Collection, Brussels, Belgium; acquired from Hamakhis Gallery in 2006 (Art Loss Register Ref. # S00111720). Although this thick, gilded wooden wreath appears Roman in style, golden wreaths play an important role in ancient Egyptian funerary customs and art. From Pharaonic times, a wreath referred to as the “crown of vindication” was placed over the head of a mummy. Chapter 19 of the Egyptian Book of the Dead refers to the bestowal of such a wreath: “The father Atum binds for these this beautiful wreath of vindication on this thy brow. Live, beloved of the gods, forever” (Egyptian Book of the Dead as translated by Thomas George Allen, University of Chicago, 1960, pp. 105-106). This practice continued through the Ptolemaic era and into the Roman period, as demonstrated both from actual survivals such as this remarkably complete example, and the famous “Fayum Portraits” in wax encaustic on wooden panels or gesso often found attached to the mummy’s “face,” which frequently show the subject wearing a golden wreath in the Roman style (see Herakleides: A Portrait Mummy from Roman Egypt, Getty Press, 2010). The wreath offered here would have, in similar fashion, placed around the head of the decedent’s mummy, connoting his or her blessed state, welcomed by the gods, having achieved the afterlife hoped for by all Egyptians.

1101. ROMAN. Rennes Patera. Modern replica of an original crafted circa AD 210. The footed patera, 25 cm (9.9”) in diameter and standing 9.9 cm (3.95”) tall, incorporates an elaborate central relief scene of Bacchus triumphing over Hercules, and surrounding frieze, with sixteen Roman gold aurei inset around the periphery. The aurei are of Hadrian (1), Antoninus Pius (3), Faustina Sr. (2), Marcus Aurelius (1), Faustina Jr. (1), Commodus (2), Septimius Severus (2), Julia Domna (1), Caracalla (2), and Geta (1). Replica is finely made of cuprite metal with gold and silver plating; the relief scene and replica aurei have an antique finish. The original at the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Cabinet des médailles, Inv. #56.94. Intact and complete. ($250) From the Collection of a Connoisseur. The Rennes Patera is a gold vessel discovered in 1774 with a trove of jewels and gold coins at Rennes, France. It has been part of numerous traveling exhibits of Roman luxur objects, including The Berthouville Treasure and Roman Luxury at the Getty Villa, Malibu, 2017.

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1102. WORLD. Germany. Embossed parade shield signed by by German armorer George Sigman; electrotype replica. Original made 1552; replica 18551860. The original is on display at the Victoria & Albert Museum, London, UK (object #3660-1855). The original is composed of thin wrought iron embossed in high relief with scenes from Roman history; the electrotype is made from cuprite metal with the front surface silvered and partially gilt. Size: 61 cm (24”) in diameter, convex surface with a depth of 10 cm (4”). The highly ornamented obverse has decoration in two centric circles around a central facing head of Medusa. The outer band is a continuous frieze of male and female figures, including figures from military history, gods and goddesses, symbolizing the foundation of Rome and its martial history; the inner band displays the seven crowns and wreaths awarded for military valor or civic service and so labeled: CIVICA, TRVMPALIS; OVALIS; MVRALIS; OBSIDIONALIS; NAVALIS; VALLARIS. A gilded inner band carries the maker’s Latin signature: GEORGIVS SICMAN AVRIFEX AVGVSTAE HOC OPVS PERFECITY ANNO DOMINI MDLII MENSE AVGVST DIE XXVII. A detailed description of the original can be found on the Victoria & Albert website: https://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O97494/paradeshield-sigman-jorg/. This specimen displays a dark oxide silver patina and a few minor scrapes, including a scuff to Medusa’s nose, but presents beautifully. ($5000) From the Collection of a Connoisseur, acquired at a fine arts fair Sorrento, Italy, late 1990s; said to be from a collection in the United Kingdom. George Sigman (1527-1601) was a goldsmith in Augsburg whose works of highly decorated parade armor were sought after by the crowned heads of Europe, including his enthusiastic patron, the Spanish king and Holy Roman Emperor Philip II, for whom the shield was possibly intended. The original was acquired by the Victoria & Albert Museum in 1855 and was immediately recognized as one of its most prized pieces of decorative armor. The Victoria & Albert commissioned electrotype replicas to be be made by Giovanni Franchi, an Italian-born specialist at casts and electrotypes who established a firm in Clerkenwell in the mid-1800s; it was later acquired by Elkington & Co. in 1874. Franchi was particularly successful in reproducing original works of art in deeply undercut relief, a highly difficult endeavor even today, and his body of work included exact replicas of the famed Ghiberti Gates from the Baptistry of Florence. The few true electrotypes of the Sigman shield are rightly regarded as museum pieces themselves (one is currently on exhibit at the Worcester Art Museum in Worcester, MA). Note: Special thanks to Angus Patterson, Senior Curator, Department of Sculpture, Metalwork, Ceramics & Glass at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London for his help in cataloguing this piece.

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1103. WORLD. Italy. Two paintings of the Roman Emperors Vespasian and Titus. Circa 1700. Oil on wood panel, with frames painted in matching reddish hues, each painting 45 X 35.5 cm (18” X 14”), depicting each emperor wreathed and in three-quarter profile, within an oval lunette, their names painted beneath along with the numerals X (for Vespasian) and XI (for Titus). See Sotheby’s Auction 3699 (2011), lot 550 for similar paintings of Vespasian and Titus from a lot of 17 Italian School paintings of Roman Emperors. The frames are modern additions, the original panels with minor cracking of pigment in isolated spots, otherwise intact. ($4000) From the Collection of a Connoisseur, acquired at TEFAF European Fine Arts Fair, Zurich, early 2000s. From the Renaissance forward, portrait sets of the Twelve Caesars were a popular subject for European painters. Peter Paul Rubens famously produced such a set in the 1620s, and his work inspired the “Italian school” of painters active from the late 1600s through the early 19th century. The unknown artist who produced these paintings of Vespasian and Titus hewed closely to his vision, depicting the two Emperors in the mold of contemporary Italian grandees.

1104. BRITISH. Modern. Large Wedgwood ceramic Commemorative ‘Peace Plaque’ or charger. Created 1919. Hand-painted in a rich polychrome enamels of yellow, red, green, blue, brown, and black. Center roundel depicts a bust of Britannia to right, helmeted and laureate, wearing aegis on breast, the flag of Great Britain behind, the rim with the motto of the British chivalric Order of the Garter: Honi soit qui mal y pense (“shame be to him who thinks evil of it”). Fully marked verso and impressed ‘WEDGWOOD’, ‘ETRURIA ENGLAND’ together with ‘3KU’. Measures 37 cm (14.6”) in diameter. Wedgwood Ceramics 1846-1959: A New Appraisal by Maureen Batkin, p. 10. A few minor age spots, otherwise intact as made. ($500) From the Collection of a Connoisseur. This handsome plate was made as part of a set of three, commissioned by Sloane & Smith Ltd, Oxford Street, to commemorate the peace of 1919. The set was produced in a limited edition of 250.

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1105. BRITISH. Framed map from a printed work by Sir Walter Raleigh. Circa 1648. The map depicts the “Forty Years Travels of the Children of Israel Out of Egypt and through the Red Sea and the Wilderness into Canaan or the Land of Promise,” removed from a 1648 print of Sir Walter Raleigh’s Historie of the World in Five Bookes. Professionally matted with a reinforced centerfold, the map is printed on heavy paper with black ink and original doubled borders in red. Map measures 18.5” X 12”; outer frame measures 26.5” X 20”, with brass plaque engraved “Sir Walter Raleigh / 1648.” The paper somewhat creased and lightly yellowed, with a few light age spots, otherwise in excellent condition. ($600) From the Collection of a Connoisseur. The Historie was written by Raleigh during his imprisonment in the Tower of London as a tutorial for Henry, Prince of Wales. Henry was heir apparent to the English throne, but predeceased his father James I, dying of typhoid in 1612. Raleigh’s volume dealt mainly with the ancient world but drew parallels to contemporary events, with the wanderings of the Israelites in the wilderness seen as akin to the listlessness of England following the death of his patroness Elizabeth I. James I criticized it as “too sawcie in censuring princes” and delayed its publication, but the Historie was an immediate success when first published in 1634, 16 years after Raleigh’s execution.

1106. WORLD. Low Countries. Framed hand-colored map of the “Travels of Aeneas” by Abraham Ortelius. Circa 1594. From Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in Antwerp. Includes Anatolia, the Levant, North Africa, Greece, Italy and Sicily, highlighting the journey of the Trojan prince Aeneas from his ancestral homeland of Troy to the plain of Latium in Italy, as outlined in Virgil’s Aeneid. A cartouche provides a Latin dedication to one Balthasar Robianus (“Abraham Ortelius dedicated this map to the honourable and famous Balthasar Robianus from the republic of Antwerp, known for his learnedness and spiritual and cultural qualities...”) Map measures 19” X 13.5”, outer frame is 27.5” X 22” with a brass plaque engraved “Abraham Ortelius / 1594”. Hand-colored in attractive pastel hues, professionally matted and mounted in an antiqued silver frame, the map shows minimal signs of age aside from a slight yellowing in the central crease and a few light age spots. ($800) From the Collection of a Connoisseur. Abraham Ortellius (1527-1598) was a Brabantian cartographer who is recognized for creating the first modern atlas, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (Theater of the World), first published in 1570 and widely considered to have launched the golden age of cartography. Curiously, he also advanced the theory that the continents were originally joined in one large mass before drifting to their present positions, an idea only recently revisited and now universally accepted

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1107. HOLY LAND. Lot of three unframed antique maps depicting Jerusalem (2) and the Journeys of St. Paul (1). 18th century. Includes: (1) An overview of Jerusalem engraved by Ch. Weigel and I.H. Coccejo circa 1718, based on the “writings of Josephus,” depicting the cities of Melchizedek and David, the hills of Betheza and Golgotha, and the surrounding environs. Letter and number keys beneath identify major sites and monuments. Partially hand-colored; (2) A 17th century German map of Jerusalem, 16” X 20”, removed from a book and taped together at center, sepia-toned ink on heavy paper, somewhat yellowed; and (3) a map of The travels of St. Paul by Moullart Sanson, circa 1715, 16” X 17”, hand colored, folded in quarters, small tear at center but otherwise intact. All attractive antique maps suitable for framing. Small edge tears and some yellowing, discoloration, otherwise attractive and suitable for framing and display. ($300) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

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BOOKS 1108. Artemis & Winker Verlag. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae. (Zurich, 1981-1999). In 8 volumes (each in two parts, so 16 individual books), plus Supplements (2) and Indices (2). Each volume in individual slip case. Published serially from 1981 to 2009, the Lexicon is the most extensive resource of its kind, providing “full and detailed information.” Entries are arranged alphabetically, with black-and-white illustrations indexed to their respective entries. New condition. ($10,000) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

The Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae was prepared by international scholars from nearly 40 countries who contributed in their language of choice, resulting in entries written variously in English, German, French, or Italian. LIMC also offers a multilingual online database that is updated independently of the print publication. Scholars have termed the Lexicon an “indispensable research instrument,” “monumental,” and “magnificent.” Sale of all volumes was for many years tightly controlled, with the price for a full set maintained at 15,000 CHF.

1109. Margarete Bieber. The History of Greek and Roman Theater. (Princeton University Press, 1961). 341 pages, 866 illustrations. This important volume was one of the first scholarly studies of the ancient theater when first published in 1939. The 1961 edition was expanded to include new research and is still a foundational reference work in the field. It discusses: satyr plays, tragedies, comedies, Aristophanes, the Dionysiac festivals, the development of theater building, scenery and mechanical devices, the evolution of acting; Menander; the Phlyakes; the Roman plays of the Republic; acting in Rome; Roman theatres; Seneca; the ancient theater’s influence. Faire condition, Dust jacket torn. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1110. Markus Egge. Antike Helme. (Mainz Zentralmuseum, 1988). 542 pages, 800+ photographs and line drawings. Catalog of a special exhibition of the Lipperheide and Bestande private collections at the Antikkenmuseum of Berlin in 1988. Lists 122 Greek, Celtic, Etruscan and Roman (both military and gladiatorial) helmets, most photographed from multiple angles. Also illustrates many other helmets from private and museum collections. Charts show development of the Roman helmet. Near New condition. Dust jacket with cover. ($150) From the Collection of a Connoisseur. An essential volume for the study of Greek and Roman military equipment.

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1111. John Pollini. The Cobannus Hoard: Gallo-Roman Bronzes and the Process of Romanization. (Brilla Academic Academy, Leiden, Netherlands, 2002). 103 pages of text, 117 plates. Comprehensive publication of a cache of 8 bronze statues from east-central Gaul. The types of objects and accompanying inscriptions suggest that these bronzes originally came from a sanctuary of a god named Cobannus. Describes, analyzes, and interprets the individual objects, which are divided between the J. Paul Getty Museum (now on display at the Getty Villa, Malibu) and the Shelby White - Leon Levy Collection. Fine condition. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur. The Cobannus hoard is valuable not only from an artistic point of view but also for the information it provides on many different aspects of the religious, social, and political life of Roman Gaul.

1112. Various authors. Lot of three (3) titles recording important private collections of antiquities. (London, New York City, etc., 1989-1996). Includes: (1) Sigmund Freud and Art: His Personal Collection of Antiquities. Peter Gay, Lynn Gamwell and Richard Wells. Thames & Hudson, 1989. Hardcover, 191 pages, color images. Catalog of exhibition of Egyptian and Classical antiquities at the Freud Museum, London and State University of New York. (2) The George Ortiz Collection. Catalog of exhibition at the Royal Academy of Arts, London, January April 1990. Card cover edition. Records 280 objects from one of the most important private collections of antiquities in the world. (3) Ancient Art from the Shumei Family Collection.Catalog of an exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC, 1996. Card cover edition. Records 80 objects spanning several ancient cultures, including Greek, Roman, Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Chinese, and Islamic. THREE BOOKS IN LOT. Fine condition. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1113. Various authors. Lot of three (3) titles recording important private collections of antiquities and museum exhibits. (Germany, Canada, 1974-1979). Includes: (1) The Erbest Brummer Collection of Ancient Art Vol II. Catalog of a private collection sold by Spink & Son & Gallerie Koller AG, Zurich, 16-19 October 1979. Hardbound catalog with color dust jacket records 789 individual objects. Includes prices realized. (2) Ancient Art: The Norbert Schimmel Collection. Edited by Oscar White Muscarella. Zabern Mainz, Germany, 1974. Catalog of an important private antiquities collection spanning the Bronze Age to late Roman period. Records 285 objects with B&W illustrations. (3) Ladders to Heaven: Art Treasures From Lands of the Bible. Edited by Oscar White Muscarella. Catalog of an exhibition at the Royal Ontario Museum June-October 1979. 286 objects described and illustrated ranging from 5000 BC to AD 500. THREE BOOKS IN LOT. Fine condition. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1114. Arielle P. Kozloff. Animals in Ancient Art from the Leo Mildenberg Collection. (Cleveland - Jerusalem, 1981-1997). Total 654 pages, 800+ images in B&W and color. Four-Volume set of hardbound books detailing exhibitions at the Cleveland Museum of Art and the Bible Lands Museum in Jerusalem between 1981 and 1997. Hundreds of animal figurines recorded from several ancient cultures. Fine condition. Rare as a complete set. ($200) From the Collection of a Connoisseur. Leo Mildenberg (1913-2001) is one of the most important classicists of the 20th century, having founded the numismatic auction house arm of Switzerland’s Bank Leu. A world-renowned numismatist,collector and philanthropist, whis special passion was for animals in ancient art. Over a period 40+ years he built up a remarkable collection devoted exclusively to models of ancient Egyptian,near Eastern, Greek and Roman animals. The collection wa ultimate sold by Christie’s in London in 2004, realizing more than $5 million. His collection was exhibited at several museums from 1981 to 1997, and these four volumes offer a comprehensive record of the finest collection of its kind ever assembled.

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1115. Various authors. Lot of three (3) books on antiquities of Ancient Egypt and the Middle East. (1992-2008). Includes: (1) The Treasures of the Egyptian Museum. Francesco Tiradritti. American University of Cairo Press, 1999. 411 pages, all with color photographs. An out-of-print compendium of the most important objects in the world-famous National Museum in Cairo. (2) Egypt’s Dazzling Sun: Amenhotep III and His World. Arielle P. Kozloff and Betsy M. Bryan, authors. Cleveland Museum of Art, 1992. 476 pages, hundreds of images. A fully illustrated catalogue of a major exhibition organized by the Cleveland Museum of Art in collaboration with the Réunion des musées nationaux, Paris, this volume surveys the reign of Amenhotep III (1391-1353 BC), the pharaoh who called himself the “Dazzling Sun Disk.” His aesthetic and technical innovations led directly to the tumultuous reign of his son and successor, Akhenaten. Cardcover edition of a very rare catalog. (3) The Middle East: The Cradle of Civilization Revealed. Steven A. Bourke, chief consultant. Global Book Publishing, Australia, 2008. 367 pages, 500+ color images. Synthesizes the latest research and information to tell the compelling story of how a group of linguistically disparate, nomadic tribes responded to specific social, economic and environmental factors to form the world’s first complex societies. Hardbound copy in As New condition. THREE BOOKS IN LOT. Very Fine condition. ($150) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1116. Various authors. Lot of two (2) titles on Greek art and artifacts. (Rome & Munich, 1992-1996). Includes: (1) The Greek World: Art and Civilization in Magna Graecia and Sicily. G. Pugliese Carratelli. Rizzoli, 1996. 800 pages, more than 1,600 images, 600 in color. Catalogue of a 1996 exhibition at the Palazzo Grassi in Venice. Contributors focus on the sculpture, painting, architecture, artifacts, literary culture, religious cults and philosophical questings of Magna Graecia, the Greek colonies that flourished along Italy’s west coast between the eighth and sixth centuries BC. Exceedingly well mounted. (2) Die Griechische Kunst. Hirmer, Munich, 1992. Boardman etc. Hardcover, 209 pages of text, and 300+ plates in color and B&W. German language compendium of Greek art and architecture; includes, coins, sculpture, vases, friezes, etc. TWO BOOKS IN LOT. Very Fine condition. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1117. Oreste Ferrari & Enrica Pozzi. Le Collezioni Del Museo Nazionale di Napoli. (De Luca Editore, Naples, 1986 & 1989). Hardcover, 474 pages, hundreds of plates in color and B&W. Italian language two-volume large format hardbound catalog of the museum collection of Naples, repository of many objects recovered from Pompeii and Herculaneum. Volume I focuses on sculptures, Volume II on frescoes, mosaics, luxury objects and terracottas. TWO VOLUMES IN SET. Near New condition. Each volume with original dust cover. ($400) From the Collection of a Connoisseur. Both volumes of this significant museum collection, comprising the most important objects found at Pompeii and Herculaneum, were subject to very limited print runs and are consequently very difficult to obtain. By way of example, a cardcover example of one volume has been offered for sale at $409 on Amazon.com.

1118. Philippo Coarelli. Pompeii. (Riverside Book Company, New York, 2002). Hardcover, 408 pages, hundreds of color images. This book is widely regarded as the most complete, informative, and beautiful one-volume title on Pompeii. More than 500 color photographs convey the remarkable richness of this provincial Roman resort town, preserved by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79. Fifteen individual houses receive detailed attention, along with the famous suburban villas, the Villa of the Mysteries and the Villa of Poppea at Oplontis. There is a section on the famous Lupanare, or brothel, and a concluding chapter on funeral practices and the many tombs that line the streets outside the city walls. New condition. An unused copy still in its shrink-wrap. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

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1119. Michele Blanchard-Lemee et al. Mosaics of Roman North Africa: Floor Mosaics from Tunisia. (British Museum Press, 1995). Hardcover, 295 pages, 218+ color images. Flourishing in Mediterranean Africa between the second and sixth centuries AD, mosaic art stands as one of the more durable artistic mediums. This volume focuses on an impressive collection of more than 200 color illustrations divided into chapters headed by the subject matter of various mosaics (“Spectacles”; “Eternal Time and Cyclical Time”). An essential volume for the study of Roman mosaic art. Near New condition. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1120. Various authors. Lot of three (3) books about classical sculpture. (US & Germany, 1982-2007). Includes: (1) Greek and Roman Sculpture in America. Cornelius Vermeule. University of California Press / Getty 1982. 406 pages, @ 300 illustrations, 30 color plates. A compendium of classical sculpture from museum and private collections in the United States. (2) Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Carlos A. Pincon et al. NY Metropolitan Museum of Art & Yale University, 2007. 508 pages, 500 objects illustrated. The volume includes a detailed history of the collection and seven chapters on the Neolithic and the Aegean Bronze Age, Geometric and Archaic Greece, Classical Greece, the Hellenistic Age, Cyprus, Etruria, and the Roman Empire. (3) Sculpture: From Antiquity to the Present Day. Philip Bruneau and Georges Duby, editors. Taschen, 2006. 1152 pages in two volumes: From Antiquity to the Middle Ages, and From the Renaissance to the Present Day. Thousands of illustrations, with commentary from a host of contributing authors. THREE BOOKS (IN FOUR VOLUMES TOTAL) IN LOT. New condition. The first out of print; the second and third subject of a limited print run and scarce. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1121. Gisela M. Richter. Kouroi: Archaic Greek Youths. (Phaidon Press, London, 1960). 342 pages, 590 illustrations. Definitive study of this unique sculpture form in Ancient Greece, tracing development from early archaic forms to the high classical period. Fine condition. Very slight wear on dust jacket; with custom slip cover. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1122. Gisela M. Richter. The Portraits of the Greeks. Vols 1-3. (Phaidon, London, 1965). 300 pages text, 2079 B&W photographs. An exhaustive and comprehensive survey of Greek portraits in all mediums, including coins. Includes an indispensable study of Hellenistic ruler portraits. The original three-volume set is long out of print and very difficult to obtain, with individual volumes asking $150 or more. Original is long out of print; an abridged version was reprinted in 1984. Fair condition, An ex-library reference copy with Dewey Decimal number inked on spine. ($200) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

308


1123. R.A. Higgins. Catalogue of Terracottas in the British Museum. Vols 1-2. (British Museum Press, 1969). 432 pages text, 208 plates with 1553 B&W images. This rare set surveys the vast collection of Greek terracottas in the British Museum collection, ranging from 730 to 330 BC. Vol. I is text, Vol. II is illustrations. A scholarly survey of perhaps the most important collection of its kind in the world. Fine condition. Light wear to dust jacket. ($200) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1124. Manolis Andronikos et al. Lot of two volumes on Philip II of Macedon. (Akdotike Athenon S.A., Athens, 1987-1991). Includes: (1) Philip of Macedon. Miltiades Hatzopoulos & Louisa D. Loukopoulos, editors. Akdotike Athenon S.A., Athens 1991. 254 pages, color illustrations throughout. A heavily illustrated work covering the history of this important ruler and the rise of Macedon as a world power. (2) Vergina: The Royal Tombs, Manolis Andronikos, Akdotike Athenon S.A., Athens, 1987. 244 pages, 185 color images. Records the excavation of the likely tomb of Philip II in Vergina. Near New condition. Both with original dust jacket. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1125. F.H. Marshall. Catalogue of the Jewellery; Greek, Etruscan and Roman, in the British Museum. (British Museum Press, 1969). 400 pages of text, 73 plates. An essential reference, this two-volume sets illustrates hundreds of pieces and is a valuable reference on ancient jewelry. This is the 1969 photolithographic reprint of a work originally published in 1911, with superior plates to the more widely available recent reprint. Fair condition, scuff on front cover. Bound in original green cloth. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1126. Ali Ibrahim Al Ghabban et al, editors. Roads of Arabia: Archaeology and History of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. (Somogy Art Publishers, Paris, 2010). 602 pages, 350 objects illustrated. This massive volume documents recent excavations at this long-neglected site. Illustrated with images of more than 350 art objects mostly unknown to a foreign public and dating from prehistoric times to modern days, introducinge the life and culture of a land of exchanges located at the crossroad of major civilizations. New condition. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

309


1127. Joan Aruz and Ronald Wallenfels, editors. Art of the First Cities: The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus. (NY Metropolitan Museum of Art & Yale University, 2003). 593 pages, color illustrations throughout. This large volume accompanies an exhibition held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York in 2003, celebrating the artistic achievements of the period during which the first cities emerged in Mesopotamia. Objects include statues, reliefs, animal sculptures, jewelry, plaques, weapons, vessels, seals, and some stunning metal artifacts, most presented in color. New condition. With original dust jacket. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1128. Nikolaos Kaltsas. Sculpture in the National Archaeological Museum, Athens. (Getty Publications, USA, 2002). 372 pages, more than 700+ illustrations. Illustrates and describes more than 700 significant works of sculpture from the Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic and Roman eras. This catalogue contains all the sculptures on display in the National Archaeological Museum of Athens, undoubtedly the most important collection of ancient Greek sculptures in the world. New condition. With original dust jacket. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1129. Various authors. Lot of two (2) volumes on Scythian gold artifacts. (Ukraine, USA, 1999-2000). Includes: (1) Scythian Gold. Ellen Reeder, author. The Walters Art Gallery / Henry Abrams, 1999. 352 pages. In 1999, four Ukrainian museums combined their treasures and their scholarship to produce a traveling exhibit, “Gold of the Nomads: Sythian Treasures from Ancient Ukraine.” Reeder, curator of ancient art at the Walters Art Gallery in Baltimore, does an excellent job of bringing together authorities in various areas of Scythian culture with color photographs of the artifacts. (2) The Golden Deer of Eurasia, Joan Aruz, editor, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000. 350 pages with text and illustrations documenting further discoveries of Scythian gold artifacts in Filippovka, Russia.TWO BOOKS IN LOT. Very Fine condition. Both with original dust jackets, the first with a few light marks. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1130. Albert Champdor. Les Ruines De Palmyre. (Albert Guillot, Paris, 1953). 172 pages (French), B&W images throughout, 8 color plates. One of the first popular books to examine in depth the spectacular ruins of Palmyra, Syria (recently despoiled by the terrorist group ISIS). Long out of print and rare. Fair condition. A lightly used hardcover copy with buckram cover, no dust jacket. ($75) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

310


1131. Manolis Andronikos et al. The Greek Museums. (Ekdotike Athenon SA, Athens, 1975). 418 pages, color images throughout. A large format single-volume compendium comprising artifacts and artworks from all the major museums of Greece, including the National, Acropolis, Delphi, Olympia, Keraleion, Pella, Thessalonike, Cyprus, Byzantine and Benaki Museums. Hundreds of color images, with detailed descriptions and analysis. Near New condition. Long out of print and very hard to find, examples on Amazon are offered for upwards of $700. ($300) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1132. Various authors. Lot of two (2) titles on Phoenicia and Magna Graecia. (Italy, 1988-1996). Includes: (1) The Phoenicians. Sabatino Moscati, editor. Bompiani, 1988. 764 pages, 1,500+ illustrations. A comprehensive survey of Phoenician history with an impressive collection of artifacts, most of them from a special Phoenician exhibit in Venice’s Palazzo Grassi museum in 1988/9. (2) The Western Greeks. Giovanni Pugliese Carratelli, editor. Bompiani, 1996. 800 pages, more than 1,500 images. This publication surveys a major exhibition shown at the Palazzo Grassi, Venice in 1996 - a detailed study of Greek civilisation in the Western world (mainly Italy and Sicily) from the 8th century BC to the Roman conquest. Cardcover edition. TWO BOOKS IN LOT. Very Fine condition. Both cardcover editions and essentially unused, the first with a dedicatory signing on the title page. ($150) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1133. Pierre Amiet. Art of the Ancient Near East. (Harry N. Abrams, New York, 1980). 64 pages, 1,000+ illustrations including 158 color plates. A comprehensive historical survey of the development of sculpture, architecture, painting, and ornament in the cultures of ancient Syria, Iran, Babylon, Sumeria, and Assyria. Out of print and rare, the volume includes images of artifacts and analysis unavailable in any other publication. Very Fine condition., A lightly used volume with light wear to dust jacket. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1134. Jean Marcade. Lot of two (2) volumes on ancient erotica. (Nagel Publishers, Geneva, 1965). Includes (1) Eros Kalos: Essays on Erotic Elements in Greek Art, and (2) Roma Amor: Essay on Erotic Elements in Etruscan and Roman Art. Two similarly-sized large format volumes, each with about 170 pages, with tipped-in color images of numerous works of ancient erotica, including vases, terracottas, sculptures, frescoes and mosaics. Both essential works on their respective topics. Fair condition. Both buckram-bound with light surface wear and minor edge discoloration. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

311


1135. Mikhail B. Piotrovsky, editor. The State Hermitage: Masterpieces from the Museum’s Collection. (Booth-Clibborn Editions, London, 1994). First Edition, green hardcover with gilt lettering on spine and green design glossy dust jackets, contained in a similarly designed slipcase. Volume 1: 692 pages, 27 black and white and 663 full color plates. Volume 2: 879 pages, 780 full-color plates. Includes: Art of the early cultures, classical antiquities, oriental works of art, coins and medals, arms and armor, Western European art, Russian art and culture. A massive compendium with stunning color plates in each volume. Offered together with: Greeks on the Black Sea: Ancient Art from the Hermitage. Anna A. Tromifova, editor. Getty Museum, 2007. 384 pages, 250+ color photographs and illustrations. A catalog of an exhibition at the Getty Villa in 2007. A like-new example. THREE VOLUMES TOTAL IN LOT. New condition. ($150) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1136. Various. Lot of two (2) rare titles on ancient oil lamps. (Ontario & Zurich, 1919-1977). Includes: (1) Ancient Lamps in the Royal Ontario Museum I: Greek and Roman Clay Lamps. J.W. Hayes, Author. Royal Ontario Museum, 1977. 226 pages, with text, photographs and line drawings illustrating more than 500 varieties of oil lamps. (2) Lampen Aus Vindonissa. Sigfried Loeschcke, author. Zurich, 1919. 533 pages, with text (in German), photographs and drawings depicting more than 1,000 Roman oil lamps, most of them found in the legionary fortress of Vindonissa, modern Windisch, Switzerland. An important reference work documenting the progression of oil lamp types in both ceramic and metal, in addition to other objects, including the mysterious “Roman dodekahedron” found at the site. Very Good condition, with some minor staining of the beige buckram cover. TWO BOOKS IN LOT. Fair condition. The first in Fine condition, the buckram cover lightly faded; the second Fair, with minor staining of the beige buckram cover. ($150) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1137. D.M. Bailey. A Catalogue of the Lamps in the British Museum. Volumes I - IV. (British Museum Press, 1975-1996). 1,500 pages text, 500 plates. A comprehensive survey of the thousands of ancient oil lamps comprising the British Museum’s collection. Includes: Volume I: Greek, Hellenistic and Early Roman Pottery Lamps; Volume II: Roman Lamps Made in Italy; Volume III: Roman Provincial Lamps; Volume IV: Lamps of Metal and Stone, and Lampstands. Only Volume IV is readily available; the entire set is almost never offered intact. FOUR VOLUMES IN SET. Very Fine condition. All volumes in original dust jackets. ($500) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1138. Various authors. Lot of two (2) rare titles on ancient oil lamps. (France & Germany, 1993 - 1998 ). Includes: (1) Lampes Chretiennes De Tunisie. Abdelmajid Ennabli, author. Editions Du Centre National De La Recherche Scientifique, Aix En Provence, France, 1998. 269 pages of text (in French), 69 plates. A catalog of North African Roman oil lamps of the early Christian era. (2) Die Antike Tonlampen im Kestner-Museum Hannover. Hannover, Germany, 1993. Alexander Mlasowsky. 510 pages of (German) text and plates, illustrating more than 400 oil lamps in the collection of the Hannover Museum. TWO BOOKS IN LOT. Fair to Fine condition. The first is cardcover, with minor delamination of the cover; the second is hardcover with only light wear. ($150) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

312


1139. Various authors. Lot of three (3) titles on ancient glass. (Toledo, OH (2) & Mainz, Germany, 1995 - 2002). Includes: (1) Early Ancient Glass. David Frederick Grose. Toledo Museum of Art, 1999. 453 page, numerous images and graphics. (2) Roman Mold Blown Glass. E. Marienne Stern. Toledo Museum of Art, 1995. 388 pages, numerous photographs and line drawings. (3) Reflections on Ancient Glass from the Borowski Collection. Robert Steven Bianchi, editor. Zabern, MainzBible Lands Museum, 2002. 365 pages, hundreds of color images illustrating a remarkable collection of glass vessels and objects. THREE BOOKS IN LOT. Near New condition. ($150) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1140. Large run of Sotheby’s Antiquities catalogs. (London & New York, 1964 - 2019). Includes: 164 catalogs in various formats, dating from 1964 to 2019. Sotheby’s London, New York and the Parke-Bernet affiliate are represented. Included are Egyptian, Near Eastern and Classical Antiquities in all forms; also includes Prices Realized and the occasional handwritten note in the margins. Good to As New condition, most showing light wear and signs of age and handling, in addition to notations in pen and pencil. An exceptionally valuable research tool, as the vast majority of these objects are unrecorded in any online database. SOLD AS IS, NO RETURNS; SPECIAL SHIPPING REQUIRED. ($750) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1141. Large run of Christie’s Antiquities catalogs. (London & New York, 1965 - 2019). Includes: 233 catalogs in various formats, sales dating from 1965 to 2019. Sotheby’s New York, London and South Kensington venues represented. Included are Egyptian, Near Eastern, Islamic and Classical Antiquities in all forms, including several catalogs of ancient and world coins; also includes Prices Realized and the occasional handwritten note in the margins. There are very few duplicates, but the vast majority are individual sales. Fair to As New condition, most showing light wear, the older catalogs with signs of age and handling, in addition to notations in pen and pencil. An exceptionally valuable research tool, as the vast majority of these objects are unrecorded in any online database. SOLD AS IS, NO RETURNS; SPECIAL SHIPPING REQUIRED. ($1000) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

313


1142. Erwin R. Goodenough. Jewish Symbols in the Greco-Roman Period, Volumes 1-3. (Pantheon Books, New York City, 1953). @950 pages, 1209 B&W illustrations. The first three volumes of an ultimately thirteen-volume work, a magisterial attempt to encompass human spiritual history in general through the study of Jewish symbols. Goodenough offered evidence for the existence of a Hellenistic-Jewish mystic mythology far closer to the Qabbalah than to rabbinical Judaism. Volumes 1-2 present archaeological evidence from Palestine and the Diaspora, Volume 3 includes plates and illustrations. THREE VOLUMES IN LOT. Fair condition. Blue buckram hardcover; minor damage to one spine, another slightly discolored. ($150) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1143. Walter De Gruyter. Bildkatalog Der Skulpturen Des Vatikanischen Museums Band I: Museum Chiaramonti Teilband I - III. (Berlin, 1995). 1300 pages, 1106 B&W plates. In three volumes, a comprehensive catalog (in German) of the classical (mainly Roman) sculptures in the Vatican’s Chiaramonti Museum, set out in the long loggia which joins the small Palace of the Belvedere to the Vatican Palaces. The Chiaramonti Museum, with over one thousand examples of antique sculpture and architectural elements, is one of the most important collections of Roman portrait busts. The format offers multiple photographic views of each piece, with minimal commentary. THREE VOLUMES IN LOT. Near New condition. Rare; a splendid set with virtually no signs of wear or handling. ($200) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1144. Bernard Andreae. The Art of Rome. (Henry N. Abrams, New York, 1977). 655 pages, 1,500+ photographs, 159 color plates. A mammoth and impressive work, the art of the Romans is described chronologically as it reflects political, social, economic, and cultural forces in the Roman state, both Republic and Empire. B&W, grouped together in the second part, present the major artistic ensembles characteristic of Roman art. Architecture and urban planning receive similarly comprehensive treatment. Fine condition. Hardbound with original dust jacket and slipcover. ($150) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1145. Whitehouse & Goldstein. Lot of two (2) Corning Museum titles on Roman glass. (Corning Museum, New York, 1979 - 2002). Includes: (1) Roman Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass Volumes I-II. David Whitehouse. Hudson Hills, 2002. 700+ pages in total, an extensive survey of the world’s greatest collection of glass objects in Corning, New York, illustrated with photographs, profile drawings, and detailed descriptions of each object. (2) Pre-Roman and Early Roman Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass. Sidney M, Goldstein, author. Corning Museum, New York, 1979. 310 pages, over 900 photographs, drawings and fold-out charts. THREE VOLUMES IN LOT. Very Fine condition. Hardcover; the first set Near New, the second volume Very Fine with small tear to dust jacket. ($200) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

314


1146. Various authors. Lot of four (4) titles on ancient glass. (Europe, Russia, USA, 1987 - 1997). Includes: (1) Ancient Glass in the Hermitage Collection, Nina Kunina, Ars Publishers Limited, 1997, 350 pages. (2) Ancient Glass in the Newark Museum, Susan H. Auth, Newark Museum, 1976, 235 pages. (3) Early Glass of the Ancient World 1600 BC - AD 50: Ernesto Wolf Collection, E. Marianne Stern and Birgit Schlick-Nolte, Verlag Gerd Hatje, 1994, 430 pages. (4) Glass of the Caesars, Donald B. Harden, Olivetti, 1987, 313 pages. FOUR BOOKS IN LOT. Fine condition. The first four hardbound, the last card cover. ($150) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1147. Run of 15 Sotheby’s auction catalogs featuring collections of ancient coins. (New York, London, Zurich). Includes: Sotheby’s NY Metropolitan Museum of Art Collection & John Ward Collection sales Parts I and II (November 1972 and April 1972); The Virgil M. Brand Collection Parts 1 - 10,July 1982 through October 1985); The Nelson Bunker Hunt Collection Parts III and IV (December 1990 and June 1991); The William Herbert Hunt Collection of Highly Important Byzantine Coins (December 1990); Greek and Roman Coins Sold on Instruction of Numismatic Fine Arts International (October 1993). SIXTEEN (16) CATALOGS TOTAL, NO RETURNS. Fine condition. Lightly used, some with notes of prices realized in the margins. ($300) From the Collection of a Connoisseur. The Metropolitan Museum of Art auctions in the early 1970s are credited with greatly popularizing the collecting of ancient coins in the United States, likewise the Hunt Collection sales in the early 1990s. The catalogs are well-researched and include some of the most noteworthy ancient coins to have sold in the last half-century.

1148. Guido A. Mansuelli. Galleria Degli Uffizi: Le Sculture, Parte(s) I - II. (Instituto Poligrafico Dello Stato, Rome, 1958). 800 pages, including 500+ B&W plates. Two-volume set documenting the classical (mostly Roman) sculptures in the wold-famous Uffizi Gallery in the Vatican. Includes many Roman imperial portraits, male and female (and some impressive Flavian hairdos). TWO VOLUMES IN SET. Fine condition. Hardcover with dust jackets. ($150) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1149. Kazimierz Michalowski. Art of Ancient Egypt. (Harry N. Abrams, New York City, 1969). 600 pages, 904 plates, maps and charts. Part of the Abrams “Art Of” series of massive tomes, this is a comprehensive survey of Egyptian art from pre-dynastic to Roman times. Kazimierz Józef Marian Michalowski was a Polish archaeologist and Egyptologist. Good condition; an ex-library reference copy. Fine condition. Hardcover. gilt-embossed cloth with mylar-protected dust jacket. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

315


1150. P.E. Arias (text) and Max Hirmer (photos). A History of Greek Vase Painting. (Thames and Hudson, London, 1962). 409 pages, 240 B&W plates and 52 color plates, tipped in. A detailed survey ranging from the Geometric to the various Hellenistic styles, including rare examples of polychromatic works. Fair condition, the cover showing some wear. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1151. Ekrem Akurgal. The Art of the Hittites. (Elliott N. Abrams, New York City, 1962). 15 pages, 174 plates in B&W and color. A rare comprehensive, authoritative survey of pre-Hittite and Hittite art up to c.760 BC. Marked Ex Libris Joe L. Malter. Fair condition. Hardcover, green buckram with dust jacket, cover showing some wear and tape residue on spine. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1152. Dietrech Wildung. Sudan: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile. (Flammarion, New York & Paris, 1997). 428 pages, lavishly illustrated in color. Catalog of a groundbreaking European traveling exhibit 1997-1998 highlighting the non-Egyptian civilizations of the Nile Valley. Near New condition. Hardcover, black cloth with color dust jacket. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1153. Kostas Papaioannou. The Art of Greece. (Harry N Abrams, New York City, 1989). 637 pages, 1035 illustrations in B&W and color. Regarded by many as the Magnum Opus of books on the art and architecture of Ancient Greece, this immense and weighty volume covers the whole panoply from Minoan and Cycladic art through the Hellenistic times. Near New condition. Hardcover, with only a few light indentations on dust jacket. ($150) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

316


1154. Aimilia Yeroulanou. Diatrita: Pierced-Work Gold Jewelry from the 3rd to the 7th Century. (Benaki Museum, Athens, 1999). Cardcover, 320 pages, 600+ illustrations. Monograph about the production of gold jewelry with open-work decoration, a technique known as opus interrasile. Many examples of Roman and Byzantine coin jewelry are included in open-work settings. Includes a detailed technical examination of the pieces, an analysis of the decoration and its symbolism, as well as their classification and dating. New condition. An attractive, rare and difficult-to-find English language edition. ($150) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1155. Various. Lot of two (2) titles on ancient jewelry. (London & Oxford, 1990, 2001). Includes: (1) Greek Gems and Finger Rings. John Boardman and Robert Wilkins. Thames & Hudson, Expanded edition, 2001. Hardcover with dust jacket, 474 pages, 1,350 illustrations. A comprehensive account of miniature art in Greece from the early Bronze Age down to the Hellenistic period. (2) The Content Family Collection of Ancient Cameos. Martin Henig, FSA. Derek J. Content and the Ashmoleon Museum, Oxford, 1990. Hardcover with dust jacket, 134 pages, 200+ illustrations. A scholarly and artistic survey of an impressive collection of Greek and Roman cameos. TWO BOOKS IN LOT. Near New condition. The second volume inscribed on title page. ($150) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1156. John Boardman. Lot of three (3) books on ancient jewelry. (Evanston, IL & London, 1968 - 1977). Includes: (1) Archaic Greek Gems, Northwestern University Press, 1968. Hardcover, 236 pages, 538 illustrations; (2) Engraved Gems: The Ionides Collection, Northwestern University Press, 1968. Hardcover, 114 pages, 60+ illustrations; and (3) The Ralph Herari Collection of Finger Rings, Thames & Hudson, 1977. Hardcover, 149 pages, 382 illustrations. THREE BOOKS IN LOT. Near New condition. All long out of print and difficult to obtain. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

317


1157. Various authors. Lot of two (2) published private collections of classical antiquities. (Los Angeles & Athens, 1995 - 1995). Includes: (1) A Passion For Antiquities: Ancient Art from the Collection of Barbara and Lawrence Fleischman. Marion True, Arielle Kozloff et al. Getty Museum and the Cleveland Museum of Art, 1994. Hardcover with dust jacket, 358 pages, 500+ illustrations. Documents one of the most important private collections, comprising more than 300 artifacts in all mediums. (2) Ancient Greek Art From the Collection of Stavros S. Niarchos. Lila I. Marangou et al. N. P. Goulandris Foundation and the Museum of Cycladic Art, Athens, 1995. Hardcover with dust jacket, 185 pages, 200+ illustrations. Includes many singular museum-quality artifacts. TWO BOOKS IN LOT. Near New condition. ($100) From the Collection of a Connoisseur.

1158. W.M. Flinders Petrie. Set of Eight Volumes on Egyptian Artifacts. (Aris & Phillips (UK) and Joel Malter (US), 1972-1974). All reprints of editions originally published in the 1920s. Includes: Objects of Everyday Use, Amulets, Buttons and Design Scarabs, Glass Stamps and Weights / Ancient Weights and Measures, Tools and Weapons, Shabtis, Scarabs and Cylinders, and Illahun, Kahun and Gurob (excavation report). All are essential volumes for the study of Egyptian artifacts, including thousands of illustrations, both line drawings and photographs, with concise descriptions placing them in historical context. All hardcover with dustjackets in distinct hues, forming an attractive set. Fine to As New condition, a couple volumes with minor edge tears in the dust jackets. EIGHT VOLUMES IN SET. Fine condition, All hardcover with dustjackets in distinct hues, forming an attractive set. Average Fine condition, with some As New, a couple with minor edge tears and fading on the dust jackets. ($150) From the Collection of a Connoisseur. Flinders-Petrie was perhaps the greatest of all British Egyptologists, the man who mentored Howard Carter and many other greats of archaeology.

End of Session 4

318


GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY

Please refer to our online bibliography at www.cngcoins.com for a complete listing of specialized and general references used, and abbreviations.

ANCIENT Banti BMC BMCRE BN Bodenstedt Boehringer Bopearachchi Depeyrot Calicó CNS Crawford CRI Fischer-Bossert Flament Hendin HN Italy Meshorer MK MIR Price Prieur RIC RPC RSC SC Sellwood SNG ANS SNG BM Black Sea SNG Copenhagen SNG France SNG Kayhan SNG Levante SNG Lloyd SNG Lockett SNG München SNG von Aulock Starr Svoronos Traité Weidauer

A. Banti. I grandi bronzi imperiali. 9 Vols. Florence. 1983-1986. Various authors. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum. 29 Vols. London. 1873-1927. H. Mattingly et al. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum. 6 Vols. London. 1932-1962. J. Giard. Bibliothèque Nationale, catalogue des monnaies de l’empire romain. 3 Vols. Paris. 1976-present. F. Bodenstedt. Die Elektronmünzen von Phokaia und Mytilene. Tübingen. 1981. E. Boehringer. Die Münzen von Syrakus. Berlin and Leipzig. 1929. O. Bopearachchi. Monnaies Gréco-Bactriennes et Indo-Grecques. Paris. 1991. G. Depeyrot. Les monnaies d’or (Diocletian à Constantin I, Constantin II à Zenon). Wetteren. 1995-1996. X. Calicó. The Roman avrei catalogue. 2 Vols. Barcelona. 2002. R. Calciati. Corpus Nummorum Siculorum: la monetazione di bronzo. 3 Vols. Italy. 1983-87. M. Crawford. Roman Republican Coinage. 2 Vols. Cambridge. 1974. D. Sear. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49-27 BC. London. 1998. W. Fischer-Bossert. Chronologie der Didrachmenprägung von Tarent 510-280 v.Chr. Berlin 1999. C. Flament. Le monnayage en argent d’Athènes. De l’époque archaïque à l’époque hellénistique (c. 550-c. 40 av. J.-C.). Lovainla-Neuve. 2007. D. Hendin. Guide to Biblical Coins. 5th Edition. New York. 2010. N.K. Rutter, ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. London. 2001. Y. Meshorer. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. Jerusalem. 2001. R. Göbl. Münzprägung des Kušanreiches. Vienna. 1984. R. Göbl, et al. Moneta Imperii Romani. 5 Vols. Vienna. 1984-present. M.J. Price. The Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. London. 1991. M. Prieur. A type corpus of the Syro-Phoenician tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 253. Lancaster. 2000. H. Mattingly, et al. The Roman Imperial Coinage. 10 Vols. London. 1923-1994. A. Burnett, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. 3 Vols and 2 Suppls. London and Paris. 1992-present. D. Sear, et al. Roman Silver Coins. 5 Vols. London. 1978-1987. A. Houghton & C. Lorber. Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalog. 2 Parts. Lancaster. 2002 and 2008. D. Sellwood. An Introduction to the Coinage of Parthia. 2nd edition. London. 1980. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, American Numismatic Society. New York. 1969-present. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, British Museum, 1: The Black Sea. London. 1993. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Danish National Museum. Copenhagen. 1942-1979. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothèque Nationale. Paris. 1993-2001. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. Istanbul. 2002. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Switzerland; E Levante - Cilicia. Bern. 1986. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Lloyd Collection. London. 1933-1937. Sylloge Nummorum Greacorum, Lockett Collection. London. 1938-1949. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, München Staatlische Münzsammlung. Berlin. 1968-present. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock. Berlin. 1957-1968. C. Starr. Athenian coinage 480-449 BC. London. 1970. J. Svoronos. Τὰ νομίσματα τοῦ κράτους τῶν Πτολεμαίων. Athens. 1904-08. E. Babelon. Traité des monnaies grecques et romaines. 9 Vols. Paris. 1901-1932. L. Weidauer. Probleme der frühen Elektronprägung. Fribourg. 1975.

BYZANTINE, MEDIEVAL, WORLD, and BRITISH Album S. Album. A Checklist of Popular Islamic Coins. 3rd ed. Santa Rosa. 2011. Biaggi E. Biaggi. Monete e zecche medievali italiane dal seculo VIII al seculo XV. Torino. 1992. Bitkin V. Bitkin. Composite Catalogue of Russian Coins. 2 vols. Kiev. 2003. BMC Vandals W. Wroth. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths and Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea and Trebizond in the British Museum. London. 1911. (Reprinted as Western and Provincial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum.) CIS S. Goron and J.P. Goenka. The Coins of the Indian Sultanates. New Delhi. 2001. CNI Corpus Nummorum Italicorum. 20 Vols. Rome. 1910-1943. Davenport J.S. Davenport. Various works on European crowns. ESC H.A. Seaby & P.A. Rayner. The English Silver Coinage from 1649. London. 1992. Friedberg R. Friedberg. Gold Coins of the World. 8th ed. Clifton. 2009. KM C.L. Krause & C. Mishler. Standard Catalogue of World Coins. Krause Publications. Iola. Levinson R.A. Levinson. The Early Dated Coins of Europe. Clifton, NJ. 2007. Lunardi G. Lunardi. Le monete delle repubblica di genova. Genoa. 1975. MEC P. Grierson & M. Blackburn. Medieval European Coinage. Cambridge. 1986. MIB W. Hahn. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. 3 Vols. Vienna. 1973-81. MIBE W. Hahn and M.A. Metlich. Money of the Incipient Byzantine Empire. Vienna. 2000. MIR Various. Monete Italiane Regionali. 5 Vols. Pavia. ND. NM G. Depeyrot. Le numéraire mérovingien. 5 vols. Wetteren. 1998-2001. North J.J. North. English Hammered Coinage. 2 Vols. London. 1963, 1975. SB D. Sear, et al. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. 2nd edition. London. 1987. SCBC Standard Catalogue of British Coins. London. Annually. SCBI Various authors. Sylloge of the Coins of the British Isles.

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