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CMI 2011

d n a y t i n ig

D justice


Cover photo: Getty Images


CMI 2011

DIGNITY AND JUSTICE In 2011 protests spread across the Arab world demanding dignity and justice. This is a vision we share. It is a vision that inspires and drives our daily work. The picture on the front cover is a young boy resting on Tahrir Square, symbolizing hope and faith for a better future.

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CMI 2011

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Director´s introduction

CMI generates and communicates knowledge relevant for fighting poverty, advancing human rights, and promoting sustainable social development. We seek to understand how poor, vulnerable and marginalized people lead their lives, how their opportunities can be enhanced, how their rights can be advanced, and how institutions can be created that prevent people from falling into extreme poverty.


CMI 2011

CMI pursues long term research agendas at the same time as we reorient our research according to development trends. The upheavals in the Arab world reshaped our agenda in 2011. We follow the region closely through our program on Transformations in the Arab World, focusing in particular on how new power structures reshape the opportunities and constraints for women and religious minorities. We pay increasing attention to the role of new world powers (China, India and Brazil in particular) in development processes, and to issues of food security in the wake of rising food prices and increased vulnerability due to climate change. Our research output was substantial in 2011. In addition to a number of articles and book chapters, we published quite a few books on issues such as the international project in Afghanistan, the politics of ethnicity in Ethiopia, poverty in Namibia, justice and human rights in Latin America, the role of courts in advancing health rights, and the economics of corruption. We also conducted several important evaluations, including the evaluation of the Norwegian peace efforts in Sri Lanka (1997-2009). Communication and dialogue with knowledge users are fundamental to bridge the gap between knowledge and action. Our target audience spans from governments and development agencies, to local communities and civil society organizations. CMI researchers also take part in the public discourse. In 2011, our media visibility continued to increase both in Norwegian and international media, especially in countries where we do research.

The U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre received favorable evaluations in 2011, and an ambitious new strategy was drafted which reinforced the focus on developing a solid knowledge hub with targeted communication services. CMI thrives in close partnerships with other research institutions, both globally and locally. An important milestone in 2011 was the new four-year cooperation agreement with the Catholic University in Luanda, Angola, built around a comprehensive research program on Angolan society. Locally, our relationship with the University of Bergen and the Norwegian School of Economics continues to grow, both through project cooperation and through our common communication venue the Bergen Resource Centre for International Development. In 2011, we have welcomed a number of new staff to CMI, most of them recruited internationally. The competence and diversity they have brought to CMI, is a great strength. Our ability to attract international researchers has confirmed what we have known all along, that CMI is a great place to work. I would like to express my sincere thanks to all staff and to all our partners for your efforts and commitment to research for development and justice.

Director Dr. Ottar MĂŚstad

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CMI strategy 2011 - 2015


CMI 2011

RESEARCH Quality and relevance • Address important questions for development and justice • Strengthen contextual knowledge • Engage with leading international researchers

Cooperation A valued partner • Be an attractive partner for research institutions in the South • Be a driver of development research in Bergen

Communication Exchange of knowledge • Promote academic publishing • Communicate in the global South • Engage in dialogue with policy makers, practitioners and the public

Organisational Development bring out the best in each other • Build strong teams • Create a vibrant learning environment • Recruit more broadly

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cmi numbers 2011

In 2011, CMI carried out 159 externally funded research projects for a total of NOK 58.9 million.

Project revenues

60 000 000 Other 50 000 000 International 40 000 000

30 000 000 Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs/Norad 20 000 000

10 000 000 Research Council of Norway

2011

2010

2009

2008

(Amount in NOK) 0 2007

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CMI 2011

revenue

net result

72.2

0.75

equity

employees

20%

73

publications

media references

216

680

events

CMI countries

121

53

mil nok

mil nok

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the cmi world 2011

The CMI world expands. In 2011, CMI had projects in Latin America, Africa, the Middle East and Asia.


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research

Quality and relevance

CMI research is organised in ten thematic research clusters, defined around CMIs main l足 ongterm research agendas. Research clusters combine flexibility and focus, and make it possible to build strong teams.


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peace and conflict g lo b de al h ve ea lo lt pm h a en nd t

Cul tur and e Pol s of f itics aith

d e an anc n ern tio gov rup cor nat ura res l our ces

al leg and ns hts io itut inst

rig pu b ma lic na fin ge an me ce nt

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ty er ics v po am n dy

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Cultures and Politics of Faith

Nefissa Naguib (Coordinator) Anne Katrine Bang Hilde Granås Kjøstvedt Frode Løvlie Kari Telle Liv Tønnessen Anne Sofie Roald (MUC)

Research areas: • Religious institutional systems, community life, and aesthetics • Political structures, legal norms and ‘everyday’ religiosity • Gender and religious practices • Faith-based activism

Photo: Nicolay Paus

religion in society Research on cultures and politics of faith investigates how religious groups express their faith in different settings and explores the dialectics between the local and the global. Our research seeks to grasp the power of religion in the framing, understanding, and motivation for social and political action.


CMI 2011

2011 Highlights:

Blogging from Tahrir

Bread, dignity and justice

Religious minorities in the Middle East A. N. Longva and A. S. Roald

We did not see them growing up. We did not think these jaded middle-class boys and girls would one day be resilient and hold their ground. Enraged yet nonviolent, they used technology and the vocabulary of democracy to connect and mobilize ordinary Arab citizens of all walks of life and capture the attention of the world. In Egypt, Tahrir Square became the epicenter of the people’s demands for bread, dignity, and social justice. Without leaders or a timetable, but with unconditional demands for immediate change, online activists provided us with physical and social grounds to imagine a new country. We all brought something to the square: blood, medicines, bandages, food, water, blankets, generators, diapers, mobile-phone chargers, garbage bags, wipes, and our own personal notes to the regime (and the world) written in bold letters. Mine just said: “Leave.�

Nefissa Naguib, February 2011

Through the study of strategies of domination, resilience, and accommodation among both Muslim and non-Muslim minorities, this volume throws into relief the inherently dynamic character of a relationship which is increasingly influenced by global events and global connections.

expanding our research on the middle east

Transformations in the Arab World Agents or Guardians: The military and civil society in Latin America and the Middle East Gendering the Arab uprisings: Women, religion and family law

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Gender politics

Liv Tønnessen (Coordinator) Nefissa Naguib Inge Tvedten Karin Ask Hilde Kjøstvedt Ingrid Samset Camila Gianella Torunn Wimpelmann Siri Gloppen Siri Lange Frode Løvlie Iselin Åsedotter Strønen Anne Sofie Roald (MUC) John-Andrew McNeish (UMB) Rachel Sieder (CIESAS) MA students: Monica Agena Diana Owusuaa

Research areas: • Women and girls in conflict zones • Gendered poverty • Women’s rights and activism • The politics of women and girls’ right to health • Donor support to gender equality Photo: Corbis

women in conflict zones We study women’s resilience strategies, arenas and spaces in which they seek empowerment in extreme situations of armed conflict, poverty, sexual violence, and political dictatorships. The cluster has developed signifigant expertise on women’s rights in Muslim societies.


CMI 2011

2011 key publications

afghanistan

sudan

Promoting women’s rights in Afghanistan: The ambiguous footprint of the West

The many faces of political Islam in Sudan: Muslim women’s activism for and against the state

Torunn Wimpelmann in A Liberal Peace?

Liv Tønnessen Disputes over Islamist gender politics are an important gateway to understanding broader political contestation concerning the role of Islam in state and society in Sudan.

Western presence in Afghanistan has an ambiguous effect on the conditions of Afghan women. The intervention set in motion a number of contradictory processes.

special focus on sexual violence DRC International conference Sexual violence: The case of eastern Congo Ingrid Samset in The Peace in Between: Post-war violence and peacebuilding

CMI in collaboration with the University of Bergen invited international scholars to discuss why sexual violence is used in wars. Why does it vary between countries both during and after conflicts?

Sexual violence became widespread in eastern DRC during the civil war from 1998 to 2003, and continued after the war. Sexual violence assumed a strategic function for armed groups in a context where state institutions were weak, and functioned as a bonding mechanism among groups of fighters.

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Peace and conflict

Arne Strand (Coordinator) Karin Ask Hilde Granås Kjøstvedt Are John Knudsen Bård Helge Kårtveit Nefissa Naguib Ingrid Samset Elin Skaar Astri Suhrke Gunnar M. Sørbø Kari Telle Liv Tønnessen Catalina Vallejo Torunn Wimpelmann Abdel Ghaffar Ahmad (Al Ahfad University for Women)

research areas: • The role of the international peacebuilding regime • The role of the civil society in peace and reconciliation • Return and reintegration of asylum seekers in their country of origin

Photo: Liv Tønnessen

from conflict to PEACE Conflict and peace profoundly influence the prospects of securing development and justice. By drawing on theoretical frameworks and field-based experiences from ongoing conflicts, this research cluster challenges the present peacebuilding discourse. Our policy related research is developed in collaboration with researchers from countries in conflict and with international experts.


CMI 2011

2011 key evaluations

Pawns of Peace. Evaluation of Norwegian peace efforts in Sri Lanka, 1997-2009 G. M. Sørbø, J. Goodhand, B. Klem, A. E. Nissen, H. Selbervik This evaluation concludes that the peace process reproduced, rather than transformed underlying structural obstacles to conflict resolution.

Between two societies: Review of the Information, Return and Reintegration of Iraqi Nationals to Iraq (IRRINI) programme. A. Strand, S. Bendixsen, E. Paasche, J. Schultz Most of the Iraqis who join the programme do not see the programme as voluntary. The primary motivation for participating in the programme is denial of a Norwegian legal status. The programme is positively assessed by the returnees, but there is room for improvement.

2011 key book

When More is Less. The International Project in Afghanistan. Astri Suhrke The Western-led efforts to establish a new postTaliban order in Afghanistan contain serious tensions and contradictions that have significantly contributed to the lack of progress. The result is an extreme version of a rentier state that is predictably weak, corrupt and unaccountable.

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Global health and development

Siri Lange (Coordinator) Siri Goppen Magnus Hatlebakk Nefissa Naguib Camila Gianella Ottar Mæstad Ida Lindkvist Alicia Yamin (Harvard) Lars Ivar Berge Oppedal (NHH) Gaute Torsvik (UoB) MA student: Ingrid Hoem Sjursen

research areas • Health worker availability and performance • Utilisation of health services • Health and economic development • Health rights • Measuring service delivery indicators

Photo: UN Photo

Access to health: A matter of life or death Health plays a crucial role in human development and social justice. Large improvements in health outcomes of poor populations are technologically and economically feasible. Yet there are enormous challenges in implementing health systems that deliver quality services, and in overcoming the economic and social factors that produce ill-health and represent barriers to care.


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Research conference in Dar es Salam:

Strengthening human resources for health: Health worker Motivation, Availability and Performance (MAP) was completed in December 2011. In October, a two day workshop was held at the premises of our partner institution National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR) in Dar es Salaam. Project members and invited speakers presented their findings for an engaged audience of researchers, NGO staff and government officials, including a representative from the Ministry of Health and also from parliament. Earlier in the year, the project’s findings were presented in seven of the districts where the data has been collected, and for development partners in Tanzania.

Photo: Ida Lindkvist

2011 key publications:

Litigating health rights. Can courts bring more justice to health? Alicia Ely Yamin and Siri Gloppen (eds.) This volume examines the potential of litigation as a strategy to advance the right to health by holding governments accountable for these obligations. It includes case studies from Costa Rica, South Africa, India, Brazil, Argentina and Colombia, as well as chapters that address cross-cutting themes.

Informal payments and the quality of health care: Mechanisms revealed by Tanzanian health workers Ottar MĂŚstad and Aziza Mwisongo in Health Policy vol. 99. This article focuses on the effect of informal payments on health worker behaviour, in particular the interpersonal dynamics among health workers at their workplaces.

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Governance and corruption

Tina Søreide (Coordinator) Lovise Aalen Inge Amundsen Odd-Helge Fjeldstad Alessandra Fontana Siri Gloppen Elizabeth Hart Svein-Erik Helle Kari Heggstad Jesper Stenberg Johnsøn Ida Lindkvist Frode Løvlie Marion Marmorat Aslak Jangård Orre Lise Rakner Arne Tostensen Aled Williams Nils Taxell MA students: Kristine Sævold

research areas: • Democratisation and elections • Global and local anticorruption initiatives • The political economy of sector governance

Photos: Corbis

An accountable state CMI research on governance explores the conditions of a well-functioning system of democratic governance with low levels of corruption. What factors and mechanisms explain political and bureaucratic accountability in a given polity?


CMI 2011

new project:

2011 key BOOKs:

The politics of ethnicity in Ethiopia: Actors, power and mobilization under ethnic federalism

Hunting for per diem: The uses and abuses of travel compensation in three developing countries

Lovise Aalen Since 1991, Ethiopia has imposed a system of ethnic-based federalism that offers each ethnic group the right of ‘selfdetermination’. Such increased ethnic awareness creates sharper ethnic divides, argues Aalen.

Politics in the developing world. 3rd ed. P. Burnell, V. Randall, L. Rakner This volume presents some of the best policy-oriented research in the field. They stress the institutional roots of corruption and include new research on topics ranging from corruption in regulation and procurement to vote buying and private firm payoffs. International Handbook on the Economics of corruption, volume TWO T. Søreide and S. R. Ackerman The third edition of this well respected textbook explores the changing nature of politics in the developing world in the twenty-first century.

What are the origins and consequences of the payment of per diems (non-salary daily allowances) and related allowances in connection with seminars and workshops organized by governments, civil society organizations and donors in subSaharan Africa.

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Rights and Legal Institutions

Elin Skaar (Coordinator) Karin Ask Natalia Flórez Mejia Alessandra Fontana Roberto Gargarella (CONICET) Camila Gianella Siri Gloppen Svein-Erik Helle Nefissa Naguib Ingrid Samset Hugo Stokke Iselin Åsedotter Strønen Astri Suhrke Kari Telle Liv Tønnessen Catalina Vallejo Rachel Sieder (CIESAS) Asuncion Lera St.Clair (UoO)

Guardians of human rights This research cluster critically examines whether truth commissions, trials, amnesty and reparation programs have actually advanced peace, democracy and accountability in the wake of authoritarianism or armed conflict. We also address how courts can be vehicles for (human) rights protection, in particular the right to health.

MA student: Stine Bøthun

Research areas:

Impact of transitional justice on: • Accountability of human rights violations in Latin America • Peace and democracy in Africa • Peacebuilding in Afghanistan, Sudan, Lebanon and Mozambique

Photo: Siri Gloppen


CMI 2011

2011 key book

Judicial independence and human rights in Latin America: Violations, politics and prosecution Elin Skaar In many Latin American countries, former military officers are now facing charges of torture, murder, forced disappearance, and genocide committed under the dictatorships of the 1970s and 1980s. This comparative analysis explores the complex relationship between executive politics and judicial action, showing that judicial independence is a crucial factor in prosecution.

special focus on guatemala

Across Latin America, debates and practice around indigenous law provide a window on shifting relations between indigenous movements, states, and international actors. In Guatemala, the practice of indigenous law is a reflection of cultural difference, a response to past and present violence, and a resource for a population denied access to justice. In the postwar period, indigenous law has become a central element of contemporary Mayan identity politics, argues Rachel Sieder.

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Public finance management

Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (Coordinator) Alessandra Fontana Kari K. Heggstad Jan Isaksen Aslak Orre Tina Søreide Arne Wiig

MA students: Gedion Onyango Kristine Sævold

research areas: • Tax policies and administration • Tax havens and capital flight • Tax and public service production

Photo: Antonio Klaus

paying tax builds countries Most poor states are unable to raise the revenue they need for providing basic services to the majority of their citizens. Our research focuses on how governments in poor countries can raise and manage domestic financial resources in ways that enhance their effectiveness and political legitimacy.


CMI 2011

conference:

Follow the money: Financial secrecy, international taxation and development. The conference shed light on how tax havens are used to facilitate money laundering and tax avoidance. The role of national and international institutions in mitigating the problems was discussed.

Follow the money

Financial secrecy, international taxation and development

Ressurssenteret Oct. 17, 10:00- 16:15 Jekteviksbakken 31 (Jus II)

www.resourcecentre.no

2011 key publications:

The tax systems in Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia: Capacity and constraints

This study examines current work to strengthen the tax systems in Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia, identifying gaps and providing recommendations to the Norwegian aid agency.

Towards fiscal self-reliance: Capacity building for domestic revenue enhancement in Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia.

Workshop in Maputo March 2011 with researchers and officials from revenue authorities.

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Aid

Elling N. Tjønneland (Coordinator) Hilde Selbervik Inge Tvedten Inge Amundsen Liz Hart Hilde Granås Kjøstvedt Asuncion Lera St. Clair (UoO) Arne Strand Aled Williams Jessica Schultz

MA student: Aslaug Aarsæther

research areas: • The global architecture and changing aid policies • Emerging South powers • Poverty reduction • Donor support to peacebuilding • NGOs and delivery of aid • The gender dimension in Norwegian development assistance

New Challenges for Development Aid? Changing global dynamics, climate changes and the rise of new powers together with new sources of development finance and accelerated growth in many poor countries all pose new questions and new challenges for development aid. CMI does research and advisory work on international co-operation and on the challenges facing Norwegian and Western development aid.


CMI 2011

dialogues at Chr. michelsen institute

Rising economic powers in the South have become increasingly important actors in international politics and the global economy. They are cooperating, interacting and sometimes competing in a number of alliances and frameworks for collaboration.

Their role has become particularly visible and vocal in the case of Africa. The new South powers are becoming major trade partners and investors in Africa. Their companies are scrambling for access to the continent and its resources.

new project

Reality Checks in Mozambique 2011-2016

How do the poor define poverty and what are their ideas and strategies for improving their situation? These are the crucial questions asked in this project.

Photo: Anna Ridout/Oxfam

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Poverty

Arne Wiig (Coordinator) Ivar Kolstad Magnus Hatlebakk Espen Villanger Eyolf Jul-Larsen Bertil Tungodden (NHH) Gaute Torsvik (UIB)

breaking the poverty trap We want to understand the key economic and social mechanisms that explain why people are trapped in poverty. We combine in-depth country knowledge with the use of advanced empirical methodology.

2011 Highlights Does an educated mind take the broader view? A field experiment on ingroup favouritism among microcredit clients

MA students: Kristin Rørvik Charlotte Ringdal research areas:

Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig presented at the 2011 UNU-Wider conference on Poverty and Behavioural Economics, Helsinki.

• Rural credit and labour markets • Rural power relations • Entrepeneurship in the informal sector • Microcredit, female labour market participation

Photo: CMI Triadic power relations in rural Nepal Magnus Hatlebakk in The Journal of Development Studies This article investigates the complex interactions between labor relations and other relations in village economies, finding empirical support for a particularly oppressive form of wage setting.


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Photo: Liv Tønnessen

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Natural resources

Ivar Kolstad (Coordinator) Inge Amundsen Kari K. Heggstad Svein-Erik Helle Eyolf Jul-Larsen Ingrid Samset Iselin Åsedotter Strønen Tina Søreide Arne Wiig Aled Williams John-Andrew McNeish (UMB)

Oiled progress or foiled prospects? Natural resources have an ambiguous impact on development. Income from natural resources increases the wealth of nations directly. However, certain natural resources impair the development prospects of countries because natural resource rents generate dysfunctional behavior such as patronage, rentseeking or outright conflict. Our research focuses on natural resource ambiguities by analysing political and social mechanisms linking or delinking resources and development.

MA student: Austin D. Ablo

research areas:

new country: Ghana

• Extractive industries Political economy of the mining sector in Ghana • Political economy J. Ayee, T. Søreide, G. P. Shukla, T. M. Le • Political and social mechanisms

Photo: Siri Lange

Income from mining has had little impact on economic development in Ghana. Incentive problems in institutions directly or peripherally involved in mining governance make it difficult to implement policies that could improve social welfare. The paper argues that the net impact of mining on economic development is likely to be enhanced with appropriate governance reforms.


CMI 2011

Photo: Nirina Hestad Riise

Conference in Accra Strategic challenges in a petroleum-rich country Contributing to the policy debate on natural resources in Ghana, Inge Amundsen and Arne Wiig presented papers on the political economy of diversification and resource revenue management at this conference in Accra.

Photo: Aslak Jang책rd Orre

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cooperation A valued partner

We want to be a valued partner for research institutions locally and internationally. Partnerships with other researchers and research institutions make us stronger. CMI benefits greatly from an extensive network of cooperating researchers and institutions in the South. Our partners improve our understanding of development challenges and processes.


CMI 2011

new partner programmes

Brazil Universidade de Brasilia Research project: Agents or Guardians: The military and civil society in Latin America and the Middle East

Bangladesh Centre for Policy Dialogue, Dhaka Institutional agreement 2011-2015 Capacity building programme on inclusive growth and good governance. Angola The Catholic University, Luanda New institutional agreement (phase 2) 2011-2015 Capacity building and research programme on economic and political development in Angola.

tax centre

The International Centre for Tax and Development (ICTD) is a global policy research network dealing with the political economy of taxation policies and practices in developing countries , with a special emphasis on sub-Saharan Africa. Our long term objective is to contribute to development by mobilising knowledge that will help make taxation policies more conducive to pro-poor economic growth and good governance.

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U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre Elizabeth Hart (Director)

Lisa Arnestad Kirsty Cunningham (on leave) Alessandra Fontana Hannes Hechler Jesper Johnssøn Marion Marmorat Harald Mathisen Jessica L. Schultz Nils Taxell David A. Williams Sara Ögmundsdottir

themes • Natural resource management

Assisting donor practitioners in more effectively addressing corruption challenges through their development support. Through research, publications, training and a helpdesk service, U4 provides operationally relevant information on anti-corruption and development. 26 publications, 14 translations and 30 Expert Answers were published in 2011. The U4 website (www.u4.no) continues to be a valued source of information for anyone interested in reducing the negative impact of corruption on development. In 2011, the U4 site had more than 280,000 visits from more than 100 countries. U4 partner agencies

• The UN convention against corruption • International drivers of corruption • Corruption and aid • Health sector • Evaluation and measurement Canadian International Development Agency

Agence canadienne de développement international


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selected 2011 publications

Outreach

U4 went bilingual in 2011, with a French website, publications and training available for our francophone audience. In 2011, U4 conducted 14 online courses and 5 In-country workshops, reaching a total of 600 practitioners and advisors.

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communication

Exchange of knowledge

CMI aims to be internationally recognized for the quality and relevance of our work. We want our research and knowledge to inform policies. CMI contributes to an informed public debate and creates arenas for dialogue. The high number of academic publications in 2011 confirms that we do quality research.

The relevance of our research is affirmed by an all-time high in media coverage. Our research sets the agenda in Norway and in countries where we work.

publication record

6 Books 5 Edited Books 30 peer-reviewed articles 27 Book chapters 38 Reports


CMI 2011

media record Norwegian peacenegotiation efforts in Sri Lanka, voluntary return for asylum seekers, and the international engagement in Afghanistan had the highest number of media references in 2011. Our researchers were particularly active commenting on and reporting from the Arab spring revolution.

Targeting the next generation

War and Peace in Afghanistan 300 high school students and 200 teachers studied Afghan culture, religion and history through our teaching material Krig og fred og sünn‌

new websites

www.cmi.no

www.u4.no

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Bergen Resource Centre for International Development

Making sense of global challenges The Resource Centre has become a busy venue offering academic lectures, informal events, literary salons, debates, book launches and topical panel debates. focus days 2011


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People 2011 spotlight Ida Lindkvist defended her PhD thesis in Economics: Health worker motivation and effort in a low-income context. Quantitative and qualitative research from Tanzania.

Liv Tønnessen defended her PhD thesis in Comparative Politics: The many faces of political Islam in Sudan: Muslim women’s activism for and against the state.

new board member Bertil Tungodden Professor of Economics at NHH


CMI 2011

New Staff kari heggstad Advisor ICTD

Nils taxell Advisor U4

Åse Johanne Roti Dahl Communication Advisor

lisa arnestad Online and Publications Coordinator

Jesper Stenberg Johnssøn Advisor U4

Marion Marmorat French Language Coordinator U4

Birte Klausen Accountant

lars ivar Høberg IT Consultant

Lars Ivar Berge Oppedal Senior Researcher

Michael Hertzberg PhD Candidate

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CMI Staff 2011 Director Dr. Ottar Mæstad

ECONOMISTS Dr. Ivar Kolstad (Research Director) Dr. Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge Dr. Odd-Helge Fjeldstad Dr. Magnus Hatlebakk Jan Isaksen (on leave) Dr. Ida Kristine Lindkvist Dr. Tina Søreide Dr. Espen Villanger (on leave) Dr. Arne Wiig SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGISTS

Dr. Arne Strand (Deputy Director and Research Director) Karin Ask Dr. Anne Katrine Bang Camila Gianella Johan Helland (on leave) Michael Hertzberg Eyolf Jul-Larsen Hilde Granås Kjøstvedt Dr. Are John Knudsen Dr. Siri Lange Dr. Nefissa Naguib Iselin Å. Strønen Dr. Gunnar M. Sørbø Dr. Kari Grøtterud Telle Dr. Inge Tvedten

POLITICAL SCIENTISTS Dr. Siri Gloppen (Research Director) Dr. Inge Amundsen Dr. Roberto Gargarella (20%) Kari Heggstad Svein-Erik Helle Frode Løvlie Dr. Aslak Jangård Orre Dr. Lise Rakner Ingrid Samset Dr. Hilde Selbervik (on leave) Dr. Elin Skaar Hugo Stokke Dr. Arne Tostensen Dr. Liv Tønnessen Dr. Astri Suhrke Torunn Wimpelmann Elling N. Tjønneland Senior Consultants Just Faaland (Emeritus) Ole David Koht Norbye (Senior Advisor) Dr. Siegfried Pausewang (Senior Advisor) Rais Saniman

U4 Anti-corruption resource centre Dr. Elizabeth Hart (Director) Lisa Arnestad (Online and Publications Officer) Kirsty Cunningham (Online and Publications Officer) (on leave) Alessandra Fontana (Programme Coordinator) Jesper Stenberg Johnssøn (Advisor) Dr. Marion Marmorat (French Language Coordinator) Harald Mathisen (Senior Programme Coordinator) (on leave) Jessica L. Schultz (Senior Programme Coordinator) (on leave) Nils Taxell (Advisor) David A. Williams (Senior Programme Coordinator) Sara Ögmundsdottir (Finance and Administrative Officer) Affiliated researchers Dr. John-Andrew McNeish Dr. Anne Sofie Roald Dr. Rachel Sieder Dr. Asunscion St.Clair Dr. Gaute Torsvik Dr. Bertil Tungodden Dr. Alicia Yamin


CMI 2011

IT section Aksel Mjeldheim (Head of IT Section) Robert Sjursen (IT Consultant/Web Developer) Lars Ivar Høberg (IT Consultant) aDMINISTRATION Vigdis A. Gåskjenn (Administration/ Finance Director) Birte Klausen (Accountant Assistant) Merete Leby (Head of Services) Guri K. Stegali (Accountant/Project Coordinator) Per Øyvind Svendsen (Administrative Secretary) Hong Kim Tran (Head of Accounts) Jorunn M. Tøsdal (Administrative Secretary) PROJECT DEVELOPMENT UNIT Steinar Hegre (Project Director) COMMUNICATION Ingvild Hestad (Communication Director) Åse Johanne Roti Dahl (Communication Advisor) Reginald Christopher Jacob (Office Support Coordinator)

Master’s Students Aslaug Aarsæther Austin D. Ablo Monica Agena Siri Ekestad Bauge Stine Bøthun Victor Chimhutu Magnus Dølerud Onyango Gideon Ida Jacobsen Diana Owusuaa Charlotte Ringdal Kristin Hildre Rørvik Ingrid Hoem Sjursen Catalina Vallejo BERGEN RESOURCE CENTRE FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Kirsti Hagen Andersen (Head of Resource Centre) Reidunn Ljones (Senior Librarian)

The Board of The Chr. Michelsen Institute and The Chr. Michelsen Fund Jan Fridthjof Bernt (Chair of the Board) University of Bergen Bertil Tungodden (Chair of the Fund) The Norwegian School of Economics Karin Aslaksen Orkla Ruth Haug Norwegian University of Life Sciences Siri Lange CMI Arne Tostensen CMI Hilde Granås Kjøstvedt (Deputy) CMI

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publications 2011 Academic publishing is important to ensure the quality of our work and to make our perspectives known in the international research community.

academic publications

40 peer reviewed journal articles

30

20

10

books/edited books

2011

2010

0 2009

CMI 2011


CMI 2011

Monographs Anne Katrine Bang (2011) ”Zanzibar-Olsen”. A Norwegian timber trader in Zanzibar 1895-1925 Bergen: Self-publisher, 71 p.. Rachel Sieder and Carlos Yuri Flores (2011) Autoridad, autonomìa y derecho indigena en la Guatemala de posguerra Guatemala: F&G Editores/ Casa Comal, Arte y Cultura / Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos 100 p. Elin Skaar (2011) Judicial independence and human rights in Latin America: Violations, politics and prosecution New York: Palgrave MacMillan. 297 p.. Astri Suhrke (2011) When more is less. The international project in Afghanistan New York/London: Columbia/Hurst 293 p. Astri Suhrke (2011) Eksperimentet Afghanistan: Det internasjonale engasjementet etter Taliban-regimets fall Oslo: Spartacus 333 p. Inge Tvedten (2011) ’As long as they don’t bury me here’. Social relations of poverty in a Namibian shantytown Basel: Basler Afrika Bibliografien (Basel Namibia Studies Series vol. 11) 216 p. . Lovise Aalen (2011) The politics of ethnicity in Ethiopia: Actors, power and mobilisation under ethnic federalism Leiden: Brill (African Social Studies Series no. 25) 214 p.

Edited Volumes Peter Burnell, Vicky Randall and Lise Rakner, (eds.) (2011) Politics in the developing world. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press 537 p. Eyolf Jul-Larsen, Pierre-Joseph Laurent, Pierre-Yves Le Meur, Èric Lèonard, (eds.) (2011) Une anthropologie entre pouvoirs et historie. Conversations autour de l’æuvre de Jean-Pierre Chauveau Paris/Marseille: Karthala/IRD 657 p. Susan Rose-Ackerman and Tina Søreide (eds.) (2011) International handbook on the economics of corruption, volume two Northampton, USA and Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing 587 p. Rachel Sieder, Line Schjolden and Alan Angell, (eds.) (2011) La Judicialización de la Politica en América Latina Editorial Universidad Externado de Colombia. 378 p. Alicia Ely Yamin and Siri Gloppen (eds.) (2011) Litigating health rights. Can courts bring more justice to health? Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press 435 p. Peer Reviewed Journal Articles Ingvild Almås, Jo Thori Lind, Alexander Wright Cappelen, Erik Øiolf Sørensen, Bertil Tungodden (2011) Measuring unfair (in)equality in Journal of Public Economics vol. 95 no. 7-8 pp. 488-499

Anne Katrine Bang (2011) Authority and piety, writing and print: A preliminary study of the circulation of islamic texts in late nineteenth- and early twentiethcentury Zanzibar in Africa. Journal of the International African Institute vol. 81 no. 1 pp. 89-107 Marianne Bøe and Liv Tønnessen (2011) Nye utfordringer til islamsk feminisme: Kvinneaktivismens mange ansikter i Sudan og Iran in Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning vol. 4 no. 4 pp. 327-342 Alexander Wright Cappelen, Bertil Tungodden (2011) Distributive interdependencies in liberal egalitarianism in Social Choice and Welfare vol. 36 no. 1 pp. 35-47 Alexander Wright Cappelen, Bertil Tungodden, Astri Drange Hole, Erik Øiolf Sørensen (2011) The importance of moral reflection and self-reported data in a dictator game with production in Social Choice and Welfare vol. 36 no. 1 pp. 105-120 Åse Berit Grødeland, Aadne Aasland (2011) Fighting corruption in public procurement in post-communist states: Obstacles and solutions. in Communist and Post-communist Studies vol. 44 no. 1 pp. 17-32 Åse Berit Grødeland, Aadne Aasland (2011) Civil society in post-communist Europe: Perceptions and use of contacts. in Journal of Civil Society vol. 7 no. 2 pp. 129-156

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Hatlebakk, Magnus (2011) Triadic power relations in rural Nepal in Journal of Development Studies. vol.47 no.11 pp. 1739-1756 Are Knudsen (2011) Mohns Midtøsten in Babylon vol. 9 no. 1 pp.94-105 Are Knudsen (2011) Logging the ’Frontier’: Narratives of deforestation in the northern borderlands of British India, c. 18501940 in: Forum for Development Studies, vol. 38 no.3 pp. 299-319 Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2011) Better the devil you know? Chinese foreign direct investment in Africa in Journal of African Business vol. 12 pp. 31-50 Julie Riise Kolstad (2011) How to make rural jobs more attractive to health workers. Findings from a discrete choice experiment in Tanzania in Health Economics vol. 20 no. 2 pp. 196-211 Siri Lange (2011) Gold and governance: Legal injustices and lost opportunities in Tanzania in African Affairs vol. 110 no. 439 pp. 233-253 Ottar Mæstad and Aziza Mwisongo (2011) Informal payments and the quality of health care: Mechanisms revealed by Tanzanian health workers in Health Policy vol. 99 no.2 pp. 107115 Nefissa Naguib (2011) Eating rice during Passover: Notes on Sephardic Egyptian in KULT vol. 8 no. 1

Naguib, Nefissa (2011) Reflections: Middle East studies at the barricades - Basic ethnography at the barricades in International Journal of Middle East Studies vol. 43 no. 3 p. 383

Rachel Sieder (2011) Building Mayan authority and autonomy: The ”recovery” of indigenous law in post-peace Guatemala in Studies in Law, Politics, and Society vol. 55 pp. 43-75

Nefissa Naguib (2011) Fredagslunsj: Tanker om Istanbul i Kairo (Friday Lunch: A note on Istanbul in Cairo) in ARR. Idéhistorisk tidsskrift (ARR: journal of History of Ideas) no. 1-2 pp. 65-77

Rachel Sieder (2011) ’Emancipation’ or ’regulation’? Law, globalization and indigenous peoples’ rights in post-war Guatemala. in Economy and Society vol. 40 no. 2 pp. 239-265

Ragnhild Overå (2011) Modernisation narratives and smallscale fisheries in Ghana and Zambia in Forum for Development Studies vol. 38 no. 3 pp. 321-343

Astri Suhrke (2011) Virtues of a narrow mission: The UN peace operation in Nepal in Global Governance vol. 17 no. 1 pp. 37-55

Lise Rakner (2011) Institutionalizing the pro-democracy movements: the case of Zambia’s movement for multiparty democracy in Democratization vol. 18 no. 5 pp. 1106-1124

Liv Tønnessen (2011) Feminist interlegalities and gender justice in Sudan: The debate on CEDAW and Islam in Religion and Human Rights: An International Journal vol. 6 no. 1, pp. 25-39

Anne Sofie Roald (2011) Multiculturalism and pluralism in secular society: Individual or collective rights? in Ars Disputandi : The Online Journal for Philosophy of Religion vol. 5 pp. 147-163 Anne Sofie Roald (2011) Religionskritiske stemmer i den moderne islamske tradisjonen in Religion og livssyn vol. 23 no. 3 pp. 22-23 Ingrid Samset (2011) Building a repressive peace: The case of post-genocide Rwanda in Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding vol. 5 no. 3 pp. 265-283 Rachel Sieder (2011) Contested sovereignties: Indigenous law, violence and state effects in postwar Guatemala in Critique of Anthropology vol. 31 no. 3 pp. 1-24

Liv Tønnessen (2011) Beyond numbers? Women’s 25% parliamentary quota in post-conflict Sudan. in Journal of Peace, Conflict and Development vol. 17 pp. 43-62 Bruce Wilson, Juan Carlos RodriguezCordero (2011) The general election in Costa Rica, February 2010 in Electoral Studies vol. 30 no. 1 pp. 231-234 Alicia Ely Yamin, Benjamin Mason Meier (2011) Right to health litigation and HIV/ AIDS policy in The Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics vol. 39 no. Supplement s1 pp. 81-84


CMI 2011

Book Chapters Peter Burnell, Vicky Randall and Lise Rakner (2011) Introduction in Peter Burnell, Vicky Randall and Lise Rakner (eds.): Politics in the developing world. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press pp. 1-10 Torunn Wimpelmann Chaudhary, Orzala Ashraf Nemat and Astri Suhrke (2011) Promoting women’s rights in Afghanistan: The ambiguous footprint of the West in Susanna Campbell, David Chandler and Meera Sabaratnam (eds.): A liberal peace? The problems and practices of peacebuilding. London, New York: Zed Books pp. 106-120 Salvador Cadete Forquilha and Aslak Orre (2011) Transformacoes sem mudancas? Os conselhos locais e o desafio da institucionalizacao democratica em Mocambique in Luis de Brito et al (eds.): Desafios para Mocambique 2011. Maputo: Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Economicos (IESE). pp. 35-53 Roberto Gargarella (2011) Dialogic justice in the enforcement of social rights: Some initial arguments in Alicia Ely Yamin and Siri Gloppen (eds.): Litigating health rights. Can courts bring more justice to health? Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press pp. 232-245 Siri Gloppen (2011) Litigating health rights: Framing the analysis in Alicia Ely Yamin and Siri Gloppen (eds.): Litigating health rights. Can courts bring more justice to health?. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press pp. 17-39

Siri Gloppen and Mindy Jane Roseman (2011) Introduction: Can litigation bring justice to health? in Alicia Ely Yamin and Siri Gloppen (eds.): Litigating health rights. Can courts bring more justice to health? Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press pp. 1-16 Åse Grødeland (2011) Networks and informal power structures in South East Europe in Dietmar Sternad, Thomas Döring (eds): Handbook of doing business in South East Europe.Palgrave Macmillan pp. 109-149 Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2011) Assigned corporate social responsibility in a rentier state: The case of Angola in Päivi Lujala and Siri Aas Rustad (eds.): High-Value Natural Resources and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding. Oxford: Earthscan, pp. 147-154 Ottar Mæstad, Lise Rakner and Octavio L. Motta Ferraz (2011) Assessing the impact of health rights litigation: A comparative analysis of Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, India and South Africa in Alicia Ely Yamin and Siri Gloppen (eds.): Litigating health rights. Can courts bring more justice to health? Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press pp. 273-303 Ole Frithjof Norheim and Siri Gloppen (2011) Litigating for medicines: How can we assess impact on health outcomes? in Alicia Ely Yamin and Siri Gloppen (eds):Litigating health rights. Can courts bring more justice to health? Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press pp. 304-330

Lise Rakner and Vicky Randall (2011) Institutional perspectives in Peter Burnell, Vicky Randall and Lise Rakner (eds.): Politics in the developing world. 3rd. ed. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press pp. 53-70 Lise Rakner, Lars G. Svåsand (2011) In search of the impact of international support for political parties in new democracies: Malawi and Zambia compared in Peter Burnell, André W. M. Gerrits (eds.): Promoting party politics in emerging democracies. Routledge pp. 186-210 Lise Rakner, Peter Burnell (2011) Governance and aid conditionality in a globalizing world in Peter Burnell, Vicky Randall, Lise Rakner (eds.): Politics in the developing world. Oxford University Press pp 277-296 Anne Sofie Roald (2011) Muslimska kvinnor: mellan majoritet och minoritet. in Simon Sorgenfrei and Susanne Olsson (eds): Perspektiv på Islam. En vänbok till Christer Hedin. Dialogos Förlag pp. 113-118 Anne Sofie Roald (2011) Den islamske klädedräkten: individens frihet eller kollektivistiskt förtryck? in Dan-Erik Andersson og Johan Modèe (eds): Mänskliga rättigheter och religion. Malmö: Liber pp. 193-201 Anne Sofie Roald (2011) European Islamic gender discourse in David Cheetham, Ulrich Winkler, Oddbjørn Leirvik and Judith Gruber (eds): Interreligious hermeneutics in pluralistic Europe. Amsterdam/N.Y.: Rodopi pp 267-288

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Mindy Jane Roseman and Siri Gloppen (2011) Litigating the right to health: Are transnational actors backseat driving? in JAlicia Ely Yamin and Siri Gloppen (eds.) Litigating health rights. Can courts bring more justice? Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. pp.246-272 Rachel Sieder (2011) Guatemala: enduring underdevelopment in JPeter Burnell, Vicky Randall and Lise Rakner (eds.): Politics in the developing world. Oxford:Oxford Univ. Press pp.452-464 Elin Skaar (2011) Impunidade versus responsabilidade no Uruguai: o papel da Ley de Caducidad in Leigh A. Payne, Paulo Abrão and Marcelo D. Torelly (eds): A Anistia na Era da Responsabilização: O Brasil em Perspectiva Internacional e Comparada. Centro de Estudos Latino-Americanos, Universidade de Oxford, Reino Unido pp.429-468 Elin Skaar (2011) Impunidad versus responsabilidad jurídica en el Uruguay: El rol de la Ley de Caducidad in Gabriela Fried, Francesca Lessa y Brenda Falero (eds): Luchas contra la impunidad: Uruguay 1985-2011 Montevideo: Trilce Arne Strand (2011) Afghanistan: Political and cultural complexity in Torgeir E. Sæveraas (ed.): 8 år i Afghanistan, quo vadis? Et seminar om militær maktanvendelse. GILs luftmaktseminar 2010 Trondheim: Tapir: pp. 39-45

Astri Suhrke (2011) Exogenous state-building: The contradictions of the international project in Afghanistan in Whit Masons (ed.): The rule of law in Afghanistan. Missing in inaction . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press pp. 225-248 Astri Suhrke and Torunn Wimpelmann Chaudhary (2011) From conflict to peace-building in Peter Burnell, Vicky Randall and Lise Rakner (eds.): Politics in the developing world. 3rd. ed.. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press Burlington: pp.241-256 Tina Søreide (2011) The Governance of infrastructure regulation: An economist’s view in Antonio Estache: Emerging issues in competition, collusion and regulation of network industries. London: Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR):

Non-Refereed Journal Articles Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2011) Skatt og statsbygging i utviklingsland: Hvordan skatt kan bidra til å ansvarliggjøre myndighetene overfor egne borgere in Ligningskontakt no. 1 pp. 6-8 John-Andrew McNeish, Cecilie Von Hirsch (2011) Tracks through the forest: Bolivia and the TIPNIS conflict in NorLARNet; Norwegian LatinAmerican Research Network. Tina Søreide (2011) Utfordringer knyttet til korrupsjon i internasjonal handel og investeringer in Praktisk økonomi & finans. Tidsskrift for finans, regnskap, skatt vol. 27 no. 4 pp. 26-34

Reports Tina Søreide and Rory Truex (2011) Why multi-stakeholder groups succeed and fail in Susan Rose-Ackerman and Tina Søreide: The International Handbook on the Economics of Corruption. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar:pp. 478-498 Alicia Ely Yamin (2011) Power, suffering and courts: Reflections on promoting health rights through judicialization in Alicia Ely Yamin and Siri Gloppen (eds.): Litigating health rights. Can courts bring more justice to health? Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press pp. 333-372 Alicia Ely Yamin , Oscar Parra-Vera and Camila Gianella (2011) Colombia. Judicial protection of the right to health: An elusive promise? in Alicia Ely Yamin and Siri Gloppen (eds.): Litigating health rights. Can courts bring more justice to health? Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press pp. 103-131

Albertyn, Chris, Elling Tjønneland (2011) ’Follow the money!’ Policies and practices in donor support to civil society formations in Southern Africa Midrand: Southern Africa Trust al-Nagar, Samia and Liv Tønnessen (2011) Sudan country case study: Child rights Sida (UTV Working Paper no. 2011:3) (Commissioned by Norad and Sida) Ayee, Joseph, Tina Søreide, G. P. Shukla, Tuan Minh Le (2011) Political economy of the mining sector in Ghana Washington DC: World Bank (Policy Research Working Paper no.5730) 52 p.


CMI 2011

Bauck, Petter B(Norad, team leader), Arne Strand and Shirin Gul (2011) Review of and recommendations for Norwegian support to good governance in Pakistan Oslo: Norad (Norad Report Discussion no. 12/2011) 84 p. Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge and Kari K. Heggstad (2011) The tax systems in Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia: capacity and constraints Oslo: Norad 134 p. Gboyega, Alex, Tina Søreide, G.P Shukla and Tuan Minh Le (2011) Political economy of the petroleum sector in Nigeria Washington DC. : World Bank (World Bank Policy Research Working Paper no. 5779 ) McNeish, John-Andrew (2011) Real-time evaluation of Norway’s international climate and forest initiative. Contributions to National REDD+ Processes 2007-2010. Country report: Brazil Oslo: Norad (Evaluation Report 13/2010) 83 p. Nixon, Hamish (2011) Afghan perspectives on achieving durable peace United States Institute of Peace (USIP) (Peace Brief no. 94) pp. 1-5 Nixon, Hamish (2011) Achieving durable peace: Afghan perspectives on a peace process Oslo: PRIO/ Chr.Michelsen Institute / United States Institute of Peace (PRIO Paper) 36 p. Sørbø, Gunnar M., Jonathan Goodhand, Bart Klem, Ada Elisabeth Nissen, Hilde Selbervik (2011) Pawns of peace. Evaluation of Norwegian peace efforts in Sri Lanka, 1997-2009 Oslo: Norad (Evaluation report no. 5/2011) 183 p.

Tipper, Richard, Johan Helland, Iselin Åsedotter Strønen et al (2011) Real-time evaluation of Norway’s international climate and forest initiative. Contributions to a global REDD+ regime 2007-2010 Oslo: Norad (Evaluation report no. 12/2010) 82 p.

Tjønneland, Elling N. and Joseph Gaylard (2011) Keeping music alive! A review of Mmino - The South AfricanNorwegian cooperation in music. Final report Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Commissioned Report) 49 p.

Tvedten, Inge (2011) Gender equality and development in Mozambique Background article for the World Development Report 2012

Tjønneland, Elling N. T(co-author) (2011) Review aidmemoire,mid-term review of the Danish Africa for Peace Programme, Phase II Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute

Tvedten, Inge T(Team Leader), Margraida Paulo, Zefanias Mawawa (2011) Reality checks in Mozambique. Subreport District of Lago. Year one 2011 Stockholm/Maputo: Sida/Swedish Embassy Heggstad, Kari K. with Tanja Ustvedt, Thomas Lange Myhrvold-Hanssen and Marte Briseid (2011) Towards fiscal self-reliance: Capacity building for domestic revenue enhancement in Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia (workshop report) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute 22 p.

Tjønneland, Elling N., Gisle Hagen (2011) Organisational performance review of the Norwegian People’s Aid Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute Tvedten, Inge T(Team Leader); Minna Tuominen; Carmeliza Rosário; Margarida Paulo; Sheila Faquir; Rachi Picardo. (2011) Reality checks in Mozambique. Inception report. Stockholm/Maputo: Sida/Swedish Embassy

CMI Reports Strand, Arne, Rhine Skaanes og Einar Bjarkø (2011) Gjennomgang av Den Nationale Scenes (DNS) sitt prosjekt: ”Continued cooperation with Afghan National Theatre” AFG279709/005 finansiert av Det Norske Utanriksdepartementet Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute 36 p. Tjønneland, Elling N. (2011) Appraisal appraisal, co-operation between Concerts Norway and the Southern African Music Rights Organisation (SAMRO) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Commissioned by Norad and the Norwegian Embassy in Pretoria)

Assal, Munzoul A.M. (2011) Nationality and citizenship questions in Sudan after the Southern Sudan referendum vote Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2011: 1) 15 p. Bold, Tessa, Jakob Svensson, Bernard Gauthier, Ottar Mæstad, Waly Wane (2011) Service delivery indicators: Pilot in education and health care in Africa Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:8) 46 p.

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Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge and Kari K. Heggstad (2011) The tax systems in Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia: capacity and constraints Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:3) 124 p.

Paulo, Margarida, Carmeliza Rosário, Inge Tvedten (2011) ‘Xiculungo’ Revisitado Avaliando as Implicações do PARPA II em Maputo 2007- 2010 Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:1) 82 p.

Frøystad, Mona, Ottar Mæstad, Nohra Villamil (2011) Health services in Angola. Availability, quality and utilisation Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:9) 62 p.

Staveland-Sæter, Kristi Innvær (2011) Litigating the right to a healthy environment assessing the policy impact of “The Mendoza Case” Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:6) 62 p.

Jensen, Søren Kirk, Francisco Miguel Paulo (2011) Reforms of the Angolan budget process and public financial management: Was the crisis a wakeup call? Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:7) 111 p.

Strand, Arne (2011) Samandrag: Gjennomgang av programmet - Information, return and reintegration of Iraqi nationals to Iraq (IRRINI) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:4)

Jensen, Søren Kirk, Francisco Miguel Paulo (2011) Reformas ao processo orçamental e gestão das finanças públicas de Angola a crise foi um sinal de alarme? Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:7) 115 p. Jul-Larsen, Eyolf, Bjørn Enge Bertelsen (2011) Social security, poverty dynamics and economic growth in Angola’s smallholder agriculture Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:5) 33 p. Paulo, Margarida, Carmeliza Rosário, Inge Tvedten (2011) ‘Xiculungo’ revisited: Assessing the implications of PARPA II in Maputo 2007-2010 Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:1) 78 p.

Strand, Arne (2011) Review of Den Nationale Scenes (DNS) programme:”Continued cooperation with Afghan National Theatre” Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:10) 18 p. Strand, Arne, Synnøve Bendixsen, Erlend Paasche, Jessica Schultz (2011) Between two societies: Review of the information, return and reintegration of Iraqi nationals to Iraq (IRRINI) programme Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:4) 125 p. Tjønneland, Elling N., Arne Tostensen (2011) Making partnership work: Vision and implementation of a development programme Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:2) 83 p.

CMI Working Papers Berge, Lars Ivar Oppedal, Kjetil Bjorvatn, Bertil Tungodden (2011) Human and financial capital for microenterprise development: Evidence from a field and lab experiment Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2011: 1) 51 p. Kolstad, Ivar, Arne Wiig (2011) Does democracy reduce corruption? Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2011:4) 29 p. Sieder, Rachel y María Teresa Sierra (2011) Acceso a la justicia para las mujeres indígenas en América Latina Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2011: 2) 50 p. Tjønneland, Elling N. (2011) Developing Angola’s infrastructure: What is SADC’s role? Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2011:3) 26 p. Tjønneland, Elling N. (2011) Desenvolver as infra-estruturas em Angola: Qual o papel da SADC? Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2011:3) 27 p.

CMI Briefs

Brandt, Lene Chr. M. (2011) Why hungry Guatemalans don’t claim their food rights in court Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 13) 4 p. Corkin, Lucy (2011) China and Angola - Strategic partnership or marriage of convenience? Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 1) 4 p.


CMI 2011

Gianella, Camila (2011) Does the Colombian constitutional court undermine the health system? Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 7) 4 p. Helle, Svein-Erik, Lise Rakner, Helge Rønning (2011) “No matter how long the winter, spring is sure to follow”: The Arab Spring and its effect in sub-Saharan Africa Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 4) 4 p. Helle, Svein-Erik, Lise Rakner, Helge Rønning (2011) Democracy matters more than ever: Democracy assistance after the entrance of the “Emerging Southern Powers” in sub-Saharan Africa Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 5) 4 p. Helle, Svein-Erik, Sabiti Makara, Ingvild Aagedal Skage (2011) When elections consolidate power: The futile fight of the Ugandan opposition in the 2011 elections Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 2) 4 p. Kjøstvedt, Hilde (2011) Islamic women’s organisations on the West Bank Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 8) 4 p. Knudsen, Are John (2011) Special tribunal for Lebanon: Either peace or justice? Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 1) 4 p. Kolstad, Julie Riise (2011) Convincing health workers to work in rural areas Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 12) 4 p.

Lindkvist, Ida, Ottar Mæstad (2011) Is worker effort higher in churchbased than in government health facilities? Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 11) 4 p. Løvlie, Frode, Dr. Basem Ezbidi (2011) In search of a Palestinian leadership Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 6) 4 p. Mæstad, Ottar, Aziza Mwisongo (2011) Missing the essentials? Children can be saved if they are more carefully examined Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 9) 4 p. Mæstad, Ottar, Aziza Mwisongo, Siri Lange (2011) Huge potential for improved health service quality Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 10) 4 p. Tvedten, Inge (2011) Assessing the Implications of PARPA II in Maputo 2007-2010 Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 3) 2 p. Tvedten, Inge (2011) Avaliando as Implicações do PARPA II em Maputo 2007 - 2010 Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 3) 2 p. angola briefs Amundsen, Inge (2011) Angola party politics: Into the African trend Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 9) 4 p. Amundsen, Inge (2011) Partidos políticos em Angola: Na tendência africana Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 10) 4 p.

Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge, Aslak Jangård Orre (2011) Why collect local taxes in oil rich Angola? ... and the challenges of doing so Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 13) 4 p. Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge, Aslak Jangård Orre (2011) Porquê cobrar impostos locais em Angola? ... e os desafios de o fazer Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 14) 4 p. Kolstad, Ivar, Arne Wiig (2011) What makes a credit group tick? In-group favouritism among microfinance clients Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 7) 4 p. Kolstad, Ivar, Arne Wiig (2011) O que faz um grupo de crédito funcionar? Favoritismo dentro do grupo entre clientes de microcrédito Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 8) 4 p. Mæstad, Ottar, Mona Frøystad, Nohra Villamil (2011) Strong regional inequalities in health service delivery in Angola Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 3) 4 p. Mæstad, Ottar, Mona Frøystad, Nohra Villamil (2011) Grandes desigualdades regionais nos serviços de saúde em Angola Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 4) 4 p. Pestana, Nelson (2011) Sistema “parlamentar-presidencial” ou presidencialismo extremo? Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 16) 4 p.

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Santos, Regina, Amália Quintão (2011) Mitos e percepções sobre as empresas chinesas entre trabalhadores angolanos Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 15) 4 p. Skaldebø, Line and Alves da Rocha (2011) MODUCAN. The construction of a macroeconomic model for Angola: challenging and rewarding Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 11) 4 p. Skaldebø, Line, Alves da Rocha (2011) MODUCAN. A construção de um modelo macroeconómico para Angola: desafio e recompensa Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 12) 4 p. Søreide, Tina (2011) Public construction projects Angola. A need for fortifying the barriers against corruption Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 5) 4 p. Søreide, Tina (2011) Projectos de Construção Pública Angola. Necessidade de fortificar as barreiras contra a corrupção Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 6) 4 p. Søreide, Tina, com Alves da Rocha, Regina Santos, António Costa and Nelson Pestana (2011) Dez Desafios na Construção Pública. Estudo CEIC-CMI: Transparência no Sector Público Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 20) 4 p. Søreide, Tina, with Alves da Rocha, Regina Santos, António Costa and Nelson Pestana (2011) Ten challenges in public construction. CEIC-CMI public sector transparency study Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 19) 4 p.

U4 Reports Bofin, Peter, Mari-Lise du Preez, André Standing, Aled Williams (2011) REDD Integrity: Addressing governance and corruption challenges in schemes for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Report 2011:1) 79 p. Hechler, Hannes, Gretta Fenner Zinkernagel, Lucy Koechlin, Dominic Morris (2011) Can UNCAC address grand corruption? (U4 Report 2011:2) 73 p

U4 Issue papers Billon, Philippe Le (2011) Extractive sectors and illicit financial flows: What role for revenue governance initiatives? Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011:13) 41 p. Goredema, Charles (2011) Combating illicit financial flows and related corruption in Africa: Towards a more integrated and effective approach Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011:12) 31 p. Heggstad, Kari K., Mona Frøystad (2011) The basics of integrity in procurement Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011:10) 45 p. Hussmann, Karen (2011) Addressing corruption in the health sector: Securing equitable access to health care for everyone Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011:1) 39 p.

Johnsøn, Jesper, Hannes Hechler, Luís De Sousa, Harald Mathisen (2011) How to monitor and evaluate anticorruption agencies: Guidelines for agencies, donors, and evaluators Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011:8) 84 p. Kolstad, Ivar, Arne Wiig (2011) Natural resources, corruption and trust: A complex relationship Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011:14) 25 p. Mayo-Anda, Grizelda (2011) Tackling corruption for governing REDD in the Philippines Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011: 4) 17 p. Reed, Quentin, Alessandra Fontana (2011) Corruption and illicit financial flows: The limits and possibilities of current approaches Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011:2) 45 p. Speck, Bruno, Alessandra Fontana (2011) “Milking the system”: Fighting the abuse of public resources for reelection Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011:7) 31 p. Standing, André (2011) Making transparency work in Africa’s marine fisheries Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011:11) 35 p. Søreide, Tina, Rory Truex (2011) Collaboration against corruption?: Multistakeholder groups in natural resource management Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011:5) 25 p.


CMI 2011

Trivunovic, Marijana (2011) Countering NGO corruption: Rethinking the conventional approaches Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011:3) 11 p. Trivunovic, Marijana, Jesper Johnsøn, Harald Mathisen (2011) Developing an NGO corruption risk management system: Considerations for donors Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011:9) 30 p. Vian, Taryn, Candace Miller, Zione Themba, Paul Bukuluki (2011) Perceptions of per diems in the health sector: Evidence and implications Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2011:6) 32 p.

U4 Briefs Alcázar, Lorena (2011) Bons et mauvais usages des programmes sociaux : le cas des transferts monétaires conditionnels Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:16) 5 p. Bohnstedt, Andrea (2011) Investigate without peril: How to support investigative journalism in East Africa? Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:9) 4 p. Brinkerhoff, Derick W. (2011) Clarifier le concept de volonté politique pour lutter contre la corruption Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:5) 6 p.

Butterworth, John, Jean de la Harpe (2011) Petite mais néfaste : La corruption dans le financement et les droits d’exploitation des systèmes d’approvisionnement en eau Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:3) 6 p.

Ledergerber, Zora, Alessandra Fontana (2011) Whistleblowing in the financial industry: The right means to curb illicit flows from developing countries? Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:1) 4 p.

Butterworth, John, Jean de la Harpe (2011) Grands chantiers : risques de corruption dans les grands projets d’ infrastructure hydrauliques Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:12) 6 p.

Schouten, Claire (2011) Social accountability in situations of conflict and fragility Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:19) 4 p.

Harpe, Jean de la, John Butterworth (2011) Améliorer la structure ? Réforme institutionnelle et corruption dans le secteur de l’eau Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:8) 6 p. Hechler, Hannes (2011) La CNUCC en bref: Guide pratique sur la Convention des Nations Unies contre la corruption à l’intention des membres du corps diplomatique et des organismes donateurs Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:4) 8 p. Heeks, Richard (2011) Understanding success and failure of anti-corruption initiatives Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:2) 4 p. Kramer, Michael (2011) La corruption et la fraude dans les projets d’aide internationale Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:13) 5 p.

Standing, André (2011) What’s the catch?: Considering an EITI for fisheries Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:18) 4 p. Trefon, Theodore (2011) Gouvernance forestière au Congo : le règne de la corruption ? Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:17) 4 p. Unsworth, Sue (2011) Repenser la gouvernance afin de combattre la corruption Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:11) 6 p. Vian, Taryn (2011) La corruption dans le secteur de la santé : méthodes d’apprentissage et d’enseignement Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:14) 5 p. Vian, Taryn (2011) Avantages et inconvénients des indemnités journalières : une entrave à la bonne gouvernance du secteur de la santé ? Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:10) 5 p. Whitton, Howard (2011) Notions élémentaires de politiques d’éthique organisationnelle Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:6) 4 p.

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Whitton, Howard (2011) Enseigner l’éthique dans les sociétés fortement corrompues: préoccupations et opportunités Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:7) 4 p. Whitton, Howard (2011) Au-delà du code de conduite : Développer la compétence éthique des agents publics Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2011:15) 4 p. U4 Practice Insights Bhargava, Vinay (2011) Practitioners reflections: Making a difference in high corruption and weak governance country environments Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practice Insight no. 2011: 1) 7 p. Devine, Vera (2011) Lessons learned from the evaluation of five Council of Europe projects Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practice Insight no. 2011: 2) 10 p. Devine, Vera (2011) NGOs and corruption in post-war reconstruction: The case of Bosnia’s refugee return Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practice Insight no. 2011: 3) 7 p. Fontana, Alessandra (2011) Making development assistance work at home: DfID’s approach to clamping down on international bribery and money laundering in the UK Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practice Insight no. 2011:5) 12 p. Ryder, Katherine E. (2011) Making hay while the sun shines: Experiences with the Zambian Task Force on corruption Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practice Insight no. 2011:4) 12 p.

doctoral Theses Lindkvist, Ida (2011) Health worker motivation and effort in a low-income context. Quantitative and qualitative research from Tanzania Bergen: University of Bergen 184 p. Tønnessen, Liv (2011) The many faces of political Islam in Sudan: Muslim women’s activism for and against the state Bergen: University of Bergen 344 p. Master’s Theses

Brandt, Lene Chr. M. (2011) Enough food is not enough Litigation as a strategy to secure the right to food Master thesis in Comparative Politics. Bergen: University of Bergen 106 p. Dølerud, Magnus (2011) In the guise of unity. The Lebanese Front and Christian cooperation, 1975-1978 Master thesis in History. Bergen: University of Bergen 122 p. Helle, Svein-Erik (2011) Living in a material world: Political funding in electoral authoritarian regimes in Sub-saharan Africa Master thesis in Comparative Politics. Bergen: University of Bergen. 123 p. Ringdal, Charlotte (2011) Small hands should play, not work. A theoretical analysis of interventions in child labor Master thesis in Economics. Bergen: University of Bergen 94 p. Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem (2011) Determinants of child mortality in Angola: an econometric analysis Master thesis in Economics. Bergen: University of Bergen 112 p.

Sunsehaugen, Jarle Opedal (2011) Hamas in the West Bank. A study of the political position of the West Bank branch between 1987 and 2007 Master thesis in History. Bergen: University of Bergen 120 p. Newspaper Op-Eds Bang, Anne Katrine (2011) Trøbbel i paradis. Opprør i Oman Bergens Tidende 28.04.2011 Bang, Anne Katrine, Eirik Hovden (2011) Jemen. Regime for fall eller stat i oppløsning. Dagsavisen, nye meninger 02.02.2011 Gianella, Camila (2011) Mining and water conflicts Business & Human Rights Resource Centre 03.03.2011 Gianella, Camila (2011) Hvordan har de det egentlig i Peru? Bergens Tidende 05.06.2011 Gianella, Camila (2011) ¿Vamos a seguir hablando de las AQVs después de la campaña? Noticias SER 15.06.2011 Gianella, Camila (2011) Las AQVs en la campaña Noticias SER 11.05.2011 Gianella, Camila (2011) Participación en Salud, tarea pendiente Noticias SER 20.07.2011 Kjøstvedt, Hilde Granås (2011) Palestinsk forsoning Dagsavisen 03.05. 2011 Kjøstvedt, Hilde Granås (2011) Ungdommen på al-Manara www.uriks.no 23.03.2011


CMI 2011

Løvlie, Frode (2011) FN-søknaden kan gi håp for fremtiden Bergens Tidende 17.09.2011 McNeish, John-Andrew, Cecilie Karina Von Hirsch (2011) Den lange marsjen - Bolivias urfolks kamp for sine territorier Klassekampen 07.10.2011 Mæstad, Ottar (2011) Bistandsforsking til nytte Bergens Tidende 24.11.2011 Søreide, Tina (2011) Må norske bedrifter ta del i korrupsjon i utlandet? Aftenposten 13.01.2011 Søreide, Tina (2011) Avdekke eller avskrekke? Dagens Næringsliv 05.02.2011 Tvedten, Inge (2011) Den brasilianske utfordringen Bistandsaktuelt nr.10 2011 Tvedten, Inge (2011) Grønn fattigdomsbekjempelse Verdens Gang 29.11.2011 Tvedten, Inge (2011) Ja til økt innvandring. Aftenposten 26.09.2011 Tønnessen, Liv (2011) En nobel kvinnes kamp for demokrati i Jemen Bergens Tidende 09.12.2011 Williams, Aled (2011) The elephant still in the room: The effectiveness of development aid policy regarding corruption Digital Development Debates, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Issue 03, March 2011

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CMI 2011

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Edited by Ingvild Hestad Ă…se Johanne Roti Dahl Layout and design Lisa Arnestad Staff photos Magne Sannes


Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI ) P.O.Box 6033, N-5892 Bergen, Norway Phone: +47 47 93 80 00 Fax: +47 47 93 80 01 Visiting address: Jekteviksbakken 31, Bergen E-mail: cmi@cmi.no www.cmi.no


Research for development and justice CMI is an independent development research institute in Bergen, Norway. CMI generates and communicates research-based knowledge relevant for fighting poverty, advancing human rights, and promoting sustainable social development. CMI’s research focuses on local and global challenges and opportunities facing low- and middle-income countries and their citizens. Our geographical orientation is towards Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America.

CMI Annual Report 2011  

CMI Annual Report 2011

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