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folio Christy Varghese I 2019

Msc. in architecture - Built environment interiors I politecnico di milano

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selected works


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Contents selected works

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


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01 Thesis’19- Regathering Aleppo @ Aleppo, Syria

02 Public Square Intervention @ Genoa, Italy

03 Student Housing

@ Ponte Gabelle, Milan

04 Complementary Space

@ South Abbiategrasso, Milan

05 MIAW- Nature of the corridor Workshop @ Via adriano, Milan


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01

Regathering Aleppo @ Aleppo, Syria

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


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Global climate change is a very real challenge, and will undoubtedly have significant conflict and security consequences but what is more alarming is the effect of anthropogenic influences in climate change; war is the most serious reason for causing the damage to both artificial and natural landscape. Syria, one of the oldest civilizations in the world is entering it’s another year of debilitating violence at a moment of geopolitical flux. A huge deficit that is created in Syria, including corruption, bombing and communal chaos, the place has lost a lot more than what it had. The neglect of agriculture, Syria’s most important traditional economic sector by the government worsened the impact of a long span drought among rural communities leading to civil war. Secondary impacts of conflict, targeting water systems,highlight the strategic value of water supply, hydroelectricity, and flood control in water-short regions. The magnitude and frequency of the drying that has occurred is too great to be explained by natural variability alone. The trauma caused by war,destruction of personal story, unyielding land led to this research topic to envision new climate adapted designs for the city of Aleppo in Syria. Among the key options available are improvements in water-use efficiency and productivity in agriculture, better management and monitoring of groundwater resources.

softwares used: Rhino, Grasshopper, Revit, Sketchup


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The timeline graph depicts the deteriorating landscape and environment of Syria since the 1950’s. Syria suffered 3 decades of drought due to a decrease in the mean regional rainfall thereby affecting the food production. The consecutive years of drought led to migration of people to urban areas. Until 2010 environmental disturbances were mostly due to decline in natural sources. However the 2011 uprising that led to civil war accelerated food and water scarcity leading to outbreak of diseases and starvation. Chemical attacks further degraded the soil quality which drastically reduced the scope for agricultural produce.

negative migration map

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


location & timeline

Aleppo, Syria

location

timeline graph

MASTERS :FEWs FOOD/ENERGY,WASTE THESIS STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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A detailed analysis of the environment has been documented to analyse the design problem. Maps have been developed in GIS and other simulation softwares such as Rhino,Grasshopper.The map below highlights the damage intensity in the city of Aleppo radiating from 60% to 20% from the center. Gradient in the terrain when examined on a smaller scale shows a relatively flat site with only a difference of 50m in height across a stretch of more than 20km.(below

3D terrain and elevation gradient

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


general information & GIS maps

Aleppo city map

City damage intensity

MASTERS :FEWs FOOD/ENERGY,WASTE THESIS STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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Approximately 200km2 and the estimate quantity of waste is over 50million tons.Figure analysis of the volume of damage taken at 5cm is enough to cover double the surface area of Aleppo.(below) The weaponization of the water infrastructure led to water shortage.Of the 39 overhead tanks identified in this map few are damaged while others dont function due to lack of electricity(below) Maps showing the damage intensity , the slope of the site and the figure-ground relation for span of 20km is simulated for the purpose of selection of a sutiable site and to understand the scope of resources in the chosen plot.(right)

Volume of damage taken at 5cm

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Double the surface area of Aleppo.

debris analysis

water infrastructure map Resource analysis- debris & water

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


analysis using 2D and 3D maps

Damage intensity

Waterflow and slope

Built & open spaces data visualization maps

MASTERS :FEWs FOOD/ENERGY,WASTE THESIS STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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Simulation algorithms are used to identify the potential influence environment has on the site.Rhino,Grasshopper plugins like ladybug,honeybee,mosquito,voronoi,delauney voronoi have been used in the study process. The results from left top to bottom right indicates different data starting with a relatively uniform solar radiation exposure map; The gradient suggests limited slope so, it is necessary to identify those low points where water catchment is possible. For this purpose tessellation based on the elevation gradient is simulated. The resulting voronoi tessellation is represented in the consecutive image with the wider voronoi cells equating to flat areas and the narrow,dense network ,the steeper areas.Low points have been identified on either sides of the river.These points are further used as the platform to analyse water flow analysis

aerial view of selected site

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


simulation results of selected site

solar radiation exposure

elevation gradient

selected voronoi tessellation

Tessellation

water flow analysis at proposed low points

MASTERS :FEWs FOOD/ENERGY,WASTE THESIS STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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The Aleppo beehive homes are ancient dwellings with evidence of its existence going back to 3700 BC. These are used for both storage and residences. It is believed that the conical homes continue to be built in areas of Syria as there are no alternative building materials available which are better suited to the environment. They can be built using earthbags or earth bricks arranged with rebar with mesh to strengthen the structure

concept- Syrian beehive homes

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


Concept & approach to site and building

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step 1 - debris collection

step 2 - rubble infill- raising the parcel

step 3 - levelling land and creating low points

step 4 - water channel formation

contour reconfiguration

MASTERS :FEWs FOOD/ENERGY,WASTE THESIS STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO


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The Masterplan is an intervention that includes a reconfiguration of the ground level to allow productive water accumulation and introduction of built-up that focusses on both the private and public life of the inhabitants. The two buildings; community centre and a residential block form a closely knit neighborhood simultaneously working as a social unit as well as a working model for water harvesting on site. To accumulate more water, hydrophilic mesh tower is proposed. These are located at the certain low points keeping track that the predominant wind direction is from the west. The pavements are proposed to be permeable to enhance the water penetration beneath such towers. These are then connected with the water system in the buildings and then with the river thereby keeping a check on the water level in the river.

strategies illustration- site to building

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


overview of project

Proposed Masterplan of the selected site 0

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25m

Proposed section of the selected site 0

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25m

MASTERS :FEWs FOOD/ENERGY,WASTE THESIS STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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The proposal is aimed at a flexible settlement system along with the traditional market which encourages a new way of life taking advantage of the new topography and landscape sculpted from debris to be used in several urban contexts either the center of the Aleppo or outskirts. The process of designing the building initiated along an identified low point or potential low point on site which is the central courtyard in the building, a microclimatic zone and the rest of the shops extended on either sides of the water channels.he souk stands at the center of a socio -economic intervention. The project envisions the souk as a trigger to re-establish and grow organically, creating new platforms for economic growth.Different heights create self shading and gives the building passive cooling.The upper floors host the residential units with different typologies that are also constructed using treated debris. The uppermost level of these typologies are accomodated with domes.Using earthbag construction technique they close into a conical shape and are capped off by skylights with the primary aim to draw out air.

central courtyard view Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


souk and residence floor plans

first floor plan

second floor plan

ground floor plan MASTERS :FEWs FOOD/ENERGY,WASTE THESIS STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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Since Aleppo is devoid of heavy rainfall,micro water collection and storage units are embedded into the built fabric. The roof-scape performs like a second topography that has been shaped and accommodated with hydrophilic membranes. The figure below is an illustration of the roof module as a source of water harvesting .The mesh attracts water from the air as well as from the fog at night. The membrane helps to consolidate and converge the water droplets to be guided throught the chase walls The water is collected in cisterns and directed through channels towards the river. The resulting increase of water volume in the Qweik river will help dilute existing pollutants and naturally filter the river water.

roofscape illustration

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


modularity & roofscape

detail section

MASTERS :FEWs FOOD/ENERGY,WASTE THESIS STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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Public square intervention @ genoa,italy

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


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An experimental team project for San di Matteo Piazza, Genoa to create a special place where the psycological well being of the people and the need to respect the church piazza is balanced. Analysis of the space projected the need for a breathing spcae within the urban fabric.Considering the project at an urban scale but redefining the character of a public square giving it form, shape and function. Designing a conscious feature in the piazza which is camouflaged with the church as well as qualifies the life of the people passing by the square; making it user friendly, eco-friendly and aesthetic are the secondary factors of consideration.

scan QR code

softwares used: Rhino, Grasshopper


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MIMOSA a shelter , sensitive to the environment The most significant feature of mimosa is the leaves of mimosa shrink or close when it is affected by irritation ( such as touch) and the external environment. Arduino is used to test the effective illumination on umbrella confluence.

Umbrella has been an integral part of the italian Square and outdoor entertainment space;provides people with a shelter for more activity possibilities. The concept evolved as a result to provide an architectural structure that works as an umbrella which responds as a self-closing switch to natural conditions such as sunlight and rain.

overall principle of structure

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


research topic & concept

MASTERS :ARCHITECTURE OF INTERIORS STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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sun-shone area

rainfall converge area

human behavioural path

final position of umbrella

analysis of cumulative results

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


Evaluation results of environmental and coding effects on the site

Using binary coding to understand and allocate the shelter preferences or the space that requires shade. The square is divided into hundred smaller areas and the generated areas need to be designed based on the common influence of the environment and the people’s activities to determine the position and size of the mimosa opening and closing

result of binary coding

MASTERS :ARCHITECTURE OF INTERIORS STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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The primary structure is designed based on the scale of the church as illustrated in the diagram below.Recycled structural framework to connect main structure and secondary structure. The secondary structure can rotate 360 degrees freely, providing more possibilities for the functional design of mimosa.

primary structure illustration

secondary structure illustration

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


structural design details

sectional view

MASTERS :ARCHITECTURE OF INTERIORS STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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Our design when aligned with the dimension of 4D revealed mimosa’s functions and morphological changes and trajectories according to different time nodes. When people have no umbrellas, no raincoats, no stools, no lights, they can still have different forms of shade, light and rain. Now we place the time nodes of different demand spaces on one node, and we can see different forms. We cannot see this form in reality at the same time, but we can feel its change in the association of time.

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


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MASTERS :ARCHITECTURE OF INTERIORS STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO


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Student housing @ Ponte delle Gabelle, Milan, Italy

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


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This project is in response to the assigned task of designing a student housing in the heart of the city of Milan, Ponte delle Gabelle, situation near the historical Leonardo doors and the dug pit of the currently closed canal. The immediate surrounding context of the assigned site is largely historical with the modern built Garibaldi area visible in the distance. Our response to the task was to create a student housing building which has a direct interaction with the environment in the required program material of brick. The final result of the designed building is a structure stretching across the length of the canal with pockets of exterior spaces intersecting with the interior spaces and central walkways simulating streets between the main living spaces effectively bringing to life the general concept of Outside IN.The result had to be only with the use of bricks.

softwares used: Revit, sketchup


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Concept- OUTSIDE-IN Intersection of exterior and interior spaces. Central walkways introduced within the spaces simulating streets between the main living spaces

new building

building & context

inbetweener - landscape

The master plan stretch is treated as one with the student residence being the prime design in the built up. The building is considered as an element of and in its situated area. This is achieved using landscape elements namely the ground material, greenery and water as a link between the new building and its existing context.

A - redefined cyclist path with green islands

B - tunnel interiors reconsidered C - Conversion of the steep stairs with glass bricks and light. into ramps keeping in mind the need for universal access.

D - stepped seating facility and lawn

E - Introducing a new bridge to increase accessibility to the building

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese

F - Existing garden redesigned with seating and redefined walkways


Strategy and proposed master plan

proposed master plan

MASTERS :BUILDING & CONSTRUCTION STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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The building is designed to efficiently house and provide for the needs of the students having spaces allocated for work, play and living.While the ground floor of the building is designed to be an extension of the surrounding landscape to better merge the building with its surrounding landscape, the upper floors are maintained as secure areas where the students can work and live with spaces catering to those specific needs.The final result of the designed building is a structure stretching across the length of the canal with pockets of exterior spaces intersecting with the interior spaces and central walkways simulating streets between the main living spaces

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


building floor plans

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SECOND FLOOR PLAN 1:100

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second floor plan WA L L T Y P E

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TECHNOLOGICAL AND CONCTRUCTION STUDIO

SECOND FLOOR PLAN

PROFESSORS: LEONARDO BELLADELLI, ALESSANDRO AURONICA

S C A L E A S I N D I C AT E D

GROUP 11A

C H R I S T Y VA R G H E S E , N A A A D E C H O R A M A N O R

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FIRST FLOOR PLAN 1:100

first floor plan

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ROOM TYPOLOGY 1:500

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TECHNOLOGICAL AND CONCTRUCTION STUDIO

FIRST FLOOR PLAN

PROFESSORS: LEONARDO BELLADELLI, ALESSANDRO AURONICA

S C A L E A S I N D I C AT E D

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C H R I S T Y VA R G H E S E , N A A A D E C H O E A M A N O R

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ground floor plan

GROUND FLOOR PLAN 1:100

TECHNOLOGICAL AND CONCTRUCTION STUDIO

GROUND FLOOR PLAN

MASTERS :BUILDING & CONSTRUCTION STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO GROUP 11A

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The design studio focussed on design interventions that use brick as the primary material. The use of solids and voids creates a naturally ventilated and warm space for the students to study and stay. The project also involved rejuvenation of the now dead canal in moscova and introduction of bike lanes as the area is mostly accessed by cyclists. The facades project a combination of solid flemish bond and perforated flemish bond. The material acts as a source for natural light and ventilation system. The essence of the exposed brick is better experiences set in the context of the canal with its leonardo doors.Cavity walls introduces further act as a source of insulation.

detail 1 - combination of solid flemish bond and projected bricks arrangement

detail 2 - perforated flemish bond

plan - cavity wall with projected brick arrangement

plan - perforated flemish bond

brick modulation patterns

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


brick modulation and facade section

elevation of front facade

section of front facade

first floor plan of front facade

2nd & 3rd floor plan of front facade

MASTERS :BUILDING & CONSTRUCTION STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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Complementary Space @South abbiategrasso,Milan, Italy

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


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Focused on the development of transitional spaces, interaction spaces and non-activity areas, a tangible quality of infra-culture is introduced to generate a prototype for the city. Combining the educational, institutional and offices of the associations alongwith the creative sector of arts and music help insert complementary functions that inspire the local community to shape their neighbourhood with social and economic value; one that they can love and feel connected to. An experimentation that goes by the name INFRACULTURE, aimed at changing a socially stagnant society implementing, a more distributed system into the existing fabric; intermixing of programs that dictate the spaces of live, work and mingle, but staying conscious and reflexive to the needs of the community.

softwares used: Revit, sketchup, photoshop, illustrator


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Urban morphology and open spaces The analysis of the different building typologies and the open spaces suggest that these work best when there are activities around it.Presence of restaurants or supermarkets aid to populate the open space as it becomes a spot in daily path.Entrances of the linear buildings are averted from each other and do not support communication. Local shops or restaurants at the corners are the reason for people to stop by. Parks are the most preferred area of social interaction.

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


location and open space typology

Chiesa Rossa & Gratosoglio

Linear space

Central square

Central circle

Non-communicative entrances do not encourage social behaviour. Lots of green spaces with no-activity

the parking prevents residents from using this central space, Although it has good sunlight and shade

active street corner due to local shops

MASTERS :URBAN PLANNING STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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The basic needs, facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning of a creative community (not just the arts ) or society but includes the citizens themselves; community centres, community gardens with wood ovens and outdoor kitchens, farmers’ markets and community-run food centres, and neighborhood social networks (virtual or online). Infraculture is a concept focussed on people who are creating something other than art or music; for those who have not forgotten to appreciate our most basic needs which are not entirely creative or aesthetic by necessary.

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


startegy- Infraculture and activity zones

existing building functions

identified areas for intervention

infraculture oriented program MASTERS :URBAN PLANNING STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


overall design proposal scheme view

MASTERS :URBAN PLANNING STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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The plan to the right represents introduction of an urban garden cafe as the trigger point for the square; thereby activating the square and tranforming it to a space that is more convivial not just for residents but also for passers-by.The cafe is an extension from the already existing office building and takes up few parking slots on the upper area.The intension being to make the squarre more visible from the road level. The existing vertical building is reconfigured to create better living spaces, retrofitted for better living conditions as indicated (right below)

urban garden cafe montage

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


urban garden cafe and square rejuvenation

urban garden cafe & waiting lounge plan

Tower- existing and redesigned

MASTERS :URBAN PLANNING STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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The plan to the right is a stretch that has a lot of social actors with different functions but none connected to each other. The proposal includes creating a shared kitchen and art gallery space to improve the social condition and hence to rejuvenate the dead green space. Sections below represent how the scheme works in the area.

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


sculpture garden, shared kitchen and exhibition space

Shared kitchen and sculpture court

section D-D

section C-C

MASTERS :URBAN PLANNING STUDIO POLITECNICO DI MILANO

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Workshop- MIAW @via Adriano,Milan, Italy

Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


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NATURE ALONG THE CORRIDOR Guided by Ar. Robert Sakula,Ash Sakula architects CONVIVIAL NEIGHBOURHOOD Via adriano is a place where driving dictates the timeframe and cars are people’s main way to access work, school, services and goods.The workshop focussed on creating an alternative future in the form of radical incrementalism of small, community- focussed projects, making use of waste ground and reinhabiting disused buildings. New pedestrian paths, increased provision for cycling, integrating new tramline, minimising or eliminating road space reserved for vehicles are the major considerations attempted. The work of the group is fed by intensely personal architectural responses to the brief and the projects sit in a repurposed landscape of productive small scale, community-led agriculture, so that food is grown locally and serves local people and the local economy. The collage that emerged is both a metaphor for the new edge city and a form of briefing towards making it happen.

techniques used: hand sketch, sketchup, paint


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A collective hand drawn and painted illustration of the interventions Architecture portfolio

christy varghese


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MASTERS :MIAW- WORKSHOP POLITECNICO DI MILANO


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