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VIETNAM’s

Cultural Passport


CULTURAL

PASSPORT

“This is your personal passport to Viet Nam. Please bring this along as a travel guide to help you explore in detailed Viet Nam’s beautiful and rich culture.


Useful Phrase List Get use to this list will help you better in communication in VietNam Hello. Chào. (jow) Hello. (on the phone) Á-lô. (AH-loh) How are you? Khỏe không? (kweah kohng?) Fine, thank you. Khoẻ, cảm ơn. (kweah, gam uhhn) What is your name? (formal, to a man/woman) Ông/Bà tên là gì? (ohng/ba theyn la yi) My name is ______ . Tôi tên là ______ . (Thoye theyn la _____ .) Please. Làm ơn. (lam uhhn) Thank you. Cảm ơn. (gam uhhn)

You're welcome. Không sao đâu. (kohng sao doh) Yes. Vâng (affirmative). (vuhng); Dạ (affirmative, respectful) (ya'a) ; Đúng (correct) (duhn) No. Không. (kohng) I'm sorry. Xin lỗi. (seen loh'EE) Goodbye Chào. (jow), Tambiet Do you speak English? Biết nói tiếng Anh không? (bee-IT noh-Y thee-IHNG ayng kohng) Help! Cứu (tôi) với! (gih-OO (thoy) vuh-y!) Look out! Cẩn thận! (guhn tuh'n!) I don't understand. Tôi không hiểu. (thoy kohng hee-oh) Be back soon Sẽ quay lại sớm (...)


The Clothing


Ao Dai WHATISISÁO DÀI? WHAT

traditionally for everyone is literally means "long dress" or "long tunic. Áo’ stand for clothing and ‘Dài’ means long.

IS VIETNAMESE NATIONAL COSTUME

NÓN LÁ

Known as LEAF HAT. IS VIETNAM’S SYMBOLS OF CHARM. USUALLY WEAR TOGETHER WITH ‘AO DAI’

TO PRONOUNCED -ow zhai in the North -ow yai in the South

Hooks & Holes for button

WHEN TO WEAR?

TET Holiday

Inside seam

Weddings

Front flap Black flap Ceremonies

Pantaloons

a long silk pant

Formal Occassion

Ao dai

+

Non la

= Typical VietNam’s

FORMAL GIRL DRESS WORN BY

A plain white ao dai is a common high school uniform. Flight attendants, receptionists, restaurant staff, and hotel workers in Vietnam may be seen wearing it.


Ao Gam WHATISISÁO GÂM? WHAT

traditionally for the noble classes

a version of the ÁO DÀI made of

thicker fabric. I’m wearing another version of ‘Ao dai’ for men.

KHAN ÐÓNG

USUALLY WEAR TOGETHER WITH ‘AO DAI’ FOR BOTH BRIDES AND GROOMS IN THE WEDDING. Known as a crown-like headgear which is made from silk brocade

Hooks & Holes for button Sleeve

Men’s sleeve is shorter and wider than women’s.

Front flap Black flap

Pantaloons

MEANINGS The word ‘gam’ means ‘brocade‘. Hence it have the name ‘ao gam’ means brocade tunic/ brocade robe

WHEN TO WEAR?

ANY circumstances where the MEN and WOMEN wear

WEDD ING

an expensive

version of

‘ÁO DÀI’

Ceremonies

Birthday Celebration

Death

Festival


Ao Tu Than WHATISISÁO TU THÂN? WHAT

The basic ÁO TÚ THÂN consist of 4 parts

traditionally for the peasant woman

also known as ‘4-PART-DRESS’

associated specifically with northern women

Flowing Outer tunic Reach almost to the floor, open in the front like jacket

YEM

is an ancient bodice, women wear as inner under tunic and skirt.

Two flaps infront are not sewn together, can be tied together or left dangling

Long skirt worn under the tunic

Sash

Usually made by silk, tied at the waist as a belt

PAST & PRESENT Morden day

ACCENT

20th century

12th century was a daily dress of commoners and peasant woman

often made with plainer fabric and in darker colors

ancient Vietnamese preferred more muted colors

obsolete in terms of its daily use in Vietnam

only can be seen often in traditional occasions such as festivals.

extremely colorful


AO Ao YEM Yem WHAT ISIS ÁO YEM? WHAT IS ANCIENT VIETNAMESE BODICE BASIC FORM/SHAPE

traditionally worn by northern Vietnamese women

use primarily as an undergarment

HAIR ACCESSORY

USUALLY WEAR TOGETHER WITH ‘AO YEM’.

have many variations, but all are simple form/shape, the most common were diamond or square-cut shape

The piece of cloth (top) draped over a woman's chest with strings to tie at the neck and back.

SPECIFIC

CASUAL

for daily wear and use, simply black & white

OCCASIONAL for special occasions, the colours more festive and brighter


The Toys


To He WHAT IS TÒ HE?

TOY FIGURINE is traditional toy for children in VietNam.

appear the most in children’s favorite holidays

MAKING OF ‘TO HE’

TET

MADE FROM GLUTINOUS RICE POWDER in form of edible figurine

characters in folk stories

is one of the rare surviving traditional toys of Vietnam.

Moon festival

Holiday

+ ordinary animals

STICK ON BAMBOO STICKS legendary animals


Mua Roi Nuoc WHATISISMÚA RÔI NUOC? WHAT

WATER PUPPET WHAT THEMEIS

literally called "puppets that dance on water" Rural living in VietNam

VIETNAMESEFOLKFLORE

Vietnamese folk tales

often have a humorous twist

Legend

Natural history

THE ‘WATER PUPPET’ SHOWS ARE PERFORM IN A

WAIST-DEEP POOL

of 4 meters square

controlled by puppeteers stand behind a splitbamboo screen

THE PUPPETS Carved out of wood and often weigh up to 15 kg. enter from either side of the stage, or emerge from the murky depths of the water


The Food


Banh Chung WHATISISBÁNH CHUNG? WHAT Sticky rice wrapped in banana leaf

BÁNH TÉT another version of ‘Banh Chung’

SYMBOLIZED THE EARTH Square shape: I’m famous in the North

Cylindrical shape: I’m well-known by the South

MADE OF

TRADITIONAL VIETNAMESE RICECAKE

GLUTINOUS RICE

FATTY PORK MUNG BEAN

(Greengram)

Banh day WHAT ISIS BÁNH DÀY? WHAT SYMBOLIZED THE SKY AND THE HEAVEN

‘BANH DAY’ CHEAP IN PRICE BUT IT’S THE MOST PRECIOUS AND VALUEABLE OF ALL

the round shape that is form of the sky

WHATPRESENT IS THE

‘BANH CHUNG’ and ‘BANH DAY’ can not be missed in TET HOLIDAY.

TOGETHER WITH ‘BANH CHUNG’, BANH DAY IS ALSO A TRADITIONAL & NATIONAL FOOD


PHO WHAT IS PHO? MOST POPULAR NATIONAL DISH IN VIETNAM

LISTED AT NUMBER 28 ON WORLD’S 50 MOST DELICIOUS FOOD WHITE RICE NOODLE (call Banh Pho)

CLEAR BEEF BROTH WITH BEEFCALLED ‘PHO BO’

GRANISH

green onions, white onions, Thai basil, fresh Thai chili peppers, lemon or lime wedges, bean sprouts and coriander, culantro Fish sauce hoisin sauce and chili sauce

(steak, fatty flank, lean flank, brisket or tendon, tripe, or meatballs in Southern)

WITH CHICKENCALLED ‘PHO GA’

GOI CUON WHAT IS GOI CUON? CONSITS OF: rice vermicelli, pork, prawn, herbs GOI CUON IS FRESH ROLL DIFFERENT FROM THE DEEP-FRIED ROLL

literally "mix salad rolled" WRAPPED IN Vietnamese ‘bánh tráng ‘ (rice paper)

LISTED AT NUMBER 30 ON WORLD’S 50 MOST DELICIOUS FOOD


VietNam’s Cultural Passport by Duong Chieu Dinh. 2012 Allrights Reserved

Vietnam Cultural Passport  

Inforgraphic

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