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C h a o L u n Wa n g new environments


This is a collec tion of my wor k over the pa s t thr ee year s a t C o l u m b i a U n i v e r s i t y ’s G r a d u a t e S c h o o l o f A r c h i t e c t u r e , Planning and Preser vation. It would not exis t were it not for the ex tr aordinar y ef for ts from my tireless teammates whom I had the plea sur e of collabor ating with; the unconditional suppor t from my loving family and fr iends whose encour aging words a ssis ted me through moment s of doubt , the cons tr uc tive comment s from my insight ful colleagues whose inf luence per meates this collec tion, and the liber ating guidance from my wise professor s whose intellec tual r igor and open mindedness infused a professional education wi th the joy exper ience of s e l f d i s c o v e r y.

0 5 / 2 013 N e w Yo r k , N Y


new environments

Selec ted wor k s from Mas ter of Architec ture G S A P P, C o l u m b i a U n i v e r s i t y 2 010 - 2 013


Core Studio I

• Wa t e r F i l t e r i n g B a c k p a c k • L ab of IsoNec tion

Architec tur al Dr awing & Repr esent ation I+I I

• Cultural Center Tjibaou • Notation | Sensation

Core Studio II

• Libr ar y of Pleasure • E n d o f Ye a r S h o w

Visual Studies

• F o r m w o r k s - H y p e r b o l i c We a v e s • R e - t h i n k i n g B I M - Wo v e n B a s k e r s

Core Studio III

• Foam Aggregation • Foam Outer wear

Advanced Studio IV

• Wo r m h o l e • Collabor ative Au tonomy

Architectural Te c h n o l o g y

• • • •

Advanced Studio V Advanced Studio VI

Fish Sock Bronx Fab-Lab Singule Sur face: A Study Full- Body Inter face

• Ultrastructure

• Silhouet te Cinematheque


C A R I B O U PAC K F a l l 2 010 | C o r e S t u d i o I Critic: Mark Rakatansk y


The Car ibou Pack is a water f iltr ation back pack designed for t h e i n d i g e n o u s p e o p l e o f Ya m a l P e n i n s u l a , t h e N e n e t s , a n d their semi-domesticated caribous. The design envisions an ac tive inter ac tion with the sur rounding environment . The back pack , car r ied by the car ibous, ex tr ac ts water sit ting above the per mafros t in the arc tic tundr a , f ilter s i t u n d e r t h e i n t e n s e u l t r a v i o l e t r a d i a t i o n o f t h e N o r t h Po l e , and f inally stores fresh water into a hand sewn leather pouch. The process is synchronized with the perennial migr ation of the Nenets and their herds of car ibous bet ween summer and winter pasture grounds along the peninsula. In this simple projec t, the backpack is not designed as a boundar y bet ween the natur al and the ar tif icial environments, but as a negotiation between them. It establishes a new r e l a t i o n s h i p b e t w e e n t h e N e n e t s a n d t h e Tu n d r a t h a t w o u l d allow the continuation of their migr ator y lifes t yle in this fr agile ecosys tem.


N

m i g r ato ry

Kara Sea

Summer Pasture

co m m u n a l

Baidarata Bay

Ob Bay

Winter Pasture

ya m a l pe n i n s u l a

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n at u r a l g a s d i s t r i b u t i o n

Ya m a l , a p e n i n s u l a r o u g h l y t h e s i z e o f F r a n c e , i s a t u n d r a i n S i b e r i a R u s s i a . T h e p r e c i p i t a t i o n i n t h e r e g i o n i s c o m p a r a b l e t o t h a t o f a d e s e r t . F o r t u n a t e l y, i t s e q u a l l y m i n i m a l e v a p o r a t i o n a l l o w s a thin layer of t water to accumulate above the per mafros t . This delicate sur face is intr insic to all life on the tundr a . T h e l a n d i s i n d i g e n o u s t o 42 , 0 0 0 n o m a t i c c a r i b o u h e r d e r s w h o c a l l t h e m s e l v e s N e n e t s , w h i c h m e a n s ‘ T h e M a n ’. F o r g e n e r a t i o n s , t h e y h a v e b e e n m i g r a t i n g w i t h t h e i r s e m i - d o m e s t i c c a r i b o u s m o r e t h a n 3 0 0 m i l e s b e t w e e n s u m m e r a n d w i n t e r p a s t u r e s e v e r y y e a r. 8•


T he Nenet s’ unique way of life ha s become thr eatened in r ecent year s . G eologis t s have discover ed that the seemingly bar r en landscape cont ains the highes t concentr ation of natur al ga s in all of R u s s i a . E n e r g y c o m p a n i e s b e g a n e x t r a c t i o n i n t h e m i d - 8 0 s . C u r r e n t l y, t h e n u m b e r o f f o r e i g n g a s w o r k e r s a l r e a d y o u t- n u m b e r t h e N e n e t s . U n s u s t a i n a b l e p r a c t i c e h a s c a u s e d i r r e v e r s a l b e e n v i r o n m e n t a l d a m a g e t o t h e f i n i t e r e s o u r c e s o f Ya m a l .

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w i n t e r co n f i g u r at i o n

Container pouch: a sof t sac with a Barita f ilter at input and a pressure nozzel for output

ETFE pack: taking advantage of the norctic sun, high in ultraviolet rays, to eliminate bacteria

Suction Plate: absorbs liquid from the ground and pumps it upwards

Saturated Sur face Permafrost

s u m m e r co n f i g u r at i o n

C a r i b o u P a c k i s a m o b i l e w a t e r - f i l t r a t i o n d e v i c e . I t r e s p o n d s t o t h e i n c r e a s i n g p o l l u t i o n o f Ya m a l ’s f i n i t e s o u r c e o f f r e s h w a t e r. T h e p a c k s a r e c a r r i e d b y m i g r a t i n g c a r i b o u s t h a t h a v e b e e n s e m i d o m e s t i c a t e d b y t h e N e n e t s . D u r i n g s u m m e r, w a t e r i s e x t r a c t e d f r o m t h e s u r f a c e o f t h e t e r r a i n b y s u c t i o n p l a t e s m o u n t e d u n d e r t h e a n i m a l ’s f e e t . D u r i n g w i n t e r, i c e a n d s n o w c a n b e m e l t e d b y s o l a r r a d i a t i o n i n s i d e a m i n i E T F E g r e e n h o u s e o n t h e a n i m a l ’s b a c k .

10 •


When the Nenet s set up camps for 3 days each week , the back pack s are also assembled to for m a communal k itchen.

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ISO-NECT L AB F a l l 2 010 | C o r e S t u d i o I Critic: Mark Rakatansk y


Iso -nec t L ab is an atmospher ic research center in sou th-side seapor t , Manhat t an. The design conceptualizes architec tur e a s a collec tion of isolated atmospher ic conditions and the ar ticulated connec tions bet ween them. Isolation allows for the simulation of fu ture scener ios under exacer bated conditions inside the labor ator ies . Connec tion allows for the by-produc ts of the labor ator ies to mix and produce new environment s and func tions for the public spaces . The architec tur e behaves like a s team engine, with cons t ant i n t a k e , e x h a u s t , a n d c h e m i c a l r e a c t i o n o f e l e m e n t s . Tr a d i t i o n a l architec tur al elements are infes ted with vegetation, infr as tr uc ture, greenhouse gases, and marine animals. The result is a mechanize environment for research, education and for inhabit ation.


When asked “ If global war ming is already unequivocal, what then is the fu ture direc tion of the p r o f e s s i o n ? ” T h e c l i m a t o l o g i s t a n s w e r e d “ I t s e f f e c t .” T h e l a b o r a t o r y c o n s i s t s o f m o d u l e s f o r t e s t i n g t h e e f f e c t s o f a t m o s p h e r i c c h a n g e . Po s s i b l e f u t u r e scener ios ar e simulated in cont ained environment s under exacer bated conditions . These isolated m o d u l e s a r e t h e n c o n n e c t e d (a s t h e y w o u l d i n t h e n a t u r a l c y c l e) b y a s e r i e s o f g a t h e r i n g s p a c e s for the inter ac tion bet ween elements and the exchange of interdisciplinar y k nowledge.

14 •


T he si te , Peck Slip, is a quiet cor ner wi thin the bus tling tour is t a r e a o f S o u t h S i d e S e a Po r t . M o s t o f t h e p e d e s t r i a n t r a f f i c a r e along the commercial s tr ip of Fulton St . Connec ting the Fulton St . and Peck slip is Fr ont Str eet . I t can ac t a s an umbilical cor d that dr aws life onto the site. N

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1. CO 2 intake 2. Atmospheric gases 3. Sauna 4. Air module 5. Marine module 6. Core 7. Rest area 8. Lap pool 9. Ethanol fermentation 10. Energy lab 11. Monitoring cell

1

12. Pully irrigation belt 13. Indoor lab space 14. Air lab off ices 15. Air module access 16. Roof terrace 17. Corn wall 18. Experimental gardens 19. Public plaza 20. Incubator seating 21. Entrance 22. Public atrium

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The agr icultur al lab and the mar ine lab meet at a featured water f iltr ation sys tem three s tor ies above ground levelt . Some of the circulating water get collec ted for ir r igation pur poses , the r es t plunges down into a f iltr ation t ank at ground level . The agr icultur al lab accesses the ver tical cor n far m using a set of ex ter ior s t air s . In bet ween the isolated Mar ine and Air Modules are spaces d e d i c a t e d t o p h y s i c a l a c t i v i t y. A l a p p o o l d i v i n g i n t o t h e a q u a r i u m a n d a s a u n a f e e d i n g i n t o t h e s team garden connec t s the people and element s of the t wo labor ator ies .

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T h e C O2 i n t a k e v e n t a n d t h e A i r M o d u l e b o t h r e a c h o u t t o the FDR , highlighting their presences to passing vehicles . The image of au tomobile exhaus t suf focating a pr is tine landscape is a provocative message, r aising public awareness on air pollution.

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A RC H I T E C T U R A L D R AW I N G A N D R E P R E S E N TAT I O N I + I I


C U LT U R A L C E N T E R T J I B AO U F a l l 2 010 | A D + R I Ins tr uc tor s: Josh Uhl, David Fano R e p r e s e n t a t i o n a n d a n a l y s i s o f t h e R e n z o P i a n o ’s C u l t u r a l Center Tjibaou in New Guinea.

N OTAT I O N | S E N S AT I O N S p r i n g 2 011 | A D + R I I I n s t r u c t o r : M i c h a e l Yo u n g N o t a t i o n : X- R a y s u p e r i m p o s i t i o n o f a e l e c t r i c t o y t o p Sensation: Illuminations from a Bas-Relief


a rch i t e c t u r a l d r aw i n g a n d r e p r e s e n tat i o n i c u lt u r a l ce n t e r t j i b ao u by r e n zo p i a n o

laminated timber columns with tubular steel bracing (inner ring) cast-steel horizontal & diagonal wind bracing

laminated wood screen

laminated timber columns with tubular steel bracing (outer ring)

20 •

cast-steel ground connector


p h ys i c a l m o d e l

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a rch i t e c t u r a l d r aw i n g

+

r e p r e s e n tat i o n i i

n otat i o n

sectional

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x - r ay sc a n n i n g


x - r ay s u pe r i m p os i t i o n w i t h o b l i q u e p ro j e c t i o n

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a rch i t e c t u r a l d r aw i n g s e n s at i o n

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+

r e p r e s e n tat i o n i i


fa b r i c a n d l i g h t

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L I B R A RY O F P L E A S U R E S p r i n g 2 011 | C o r e S t u d i o I I Critic: Cristina Goberna


The Libr ar y of Plea sure is ba sed on the hypothesis that public spaces for lear ning is slowly becoming obsolete in the digit al a g e o f b o u n d l e s s f l o w. T h e p r o p o s a l r e i n v e n t s t h e l i b r a r y into a public space for k nowledge and pleasure, both spir itual and car nal. The projec t thus integr ates the t wo ways humanbeings exper ience pleasure and ex tr ac t k nowledge , through t h e m i n d a n d t h e b o d y. P r o g r a m m a t i c a l l y, a p u b l i c b a t h h a s b e e n i n t r o d u c e d i n t o t h e l i b r a r y. I t i s c o n c e i v e d a s a b a t h i n a n c i e n t R o m e w h e r e the shar ing of k nowledge through conver sation and debates t a k e s p l a c e . R e a d i n g a n d b a t h i n g , m i n d a n d b o d y, p r i v a c y a n d publicit y not only coexis t s in this building bu t each ac tivit y e n h a n c e s t h e e x p e r i e n c e o f a n o t h e r. The hybr id environment challenges the notion of the libr ar y a s a f o r t r e s s f o r b o o k s i n m u l t i p l e w a y s . M a t e r i a l l y, b o o k s a r e e x p o s e d t o m o i s t u r e . A c o u s t i c a l l y, s i l e n c e i s b r o k e n b y t h e j o y f u l s o u n d s . Te c t o n i c a l l y, e n c l o s e d v o l u m e s a r e r e p l a c e d b y shif ting planes.


假作真时真亦假

a s r e a l i t y i s ta k e n a s i l lu s i o n , t h e i l lu s i o n b e co m e s m o r e r e a l .

A my thical libr ar y from the chinese liter ature: dream of the red chamber

30 •


无为有处有还无

a s b e i n g i s ta k e n a s n ot h i n g , t h e n n ot h i n g co m e s i n to b e i n g .

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site and sight

m ov e m e n t s

at t r ac t i o n s

s e n so ry m os i ac

T h e N e w Yo r k C h i n a t o w n c a n n o t b e a d e q u a t e l y d e s c r i b e d w i t h a s e t o f c o n d i t i o n s . I t i s a w o r l d within and of it self, a mir age of China composed of sources both eclec tic and mys ter ious . O ver the cour se of 20 0+ year s , what once used to be a pr ac tical set tlement for migr ant Chinese wor ker s ha s un-manifes ted it self into a compilation of illusions . The plea sur e of Chinatown is the submission to the illusions . This analysis will inves tigate four par ameter s , in cor r elation with the previous exercise, to reveal the illusions . The par ameter s are 1 site + sight , 2 ethereal movement, 3 sensor y mosaic, and 4 gr avitational at tr ac tion.

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g e ot h e r m a l g a r d e n

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pe r s pe c t i v e

_

g r a n d s t.

/

ce n t e r s t .

T h e t r a d i t i o n a l l i b r a r y, w h i c h w a s o n c e t h e c e n t e r o f k n o w l e d g e a n d l e a r n i n g w i t h i n a c o m m u n i t y, ha s slowly los t it s prominence. The digit al net wor k of boundless f low is compromising the physical presence of infor mation. Bombarded by a wave of digit al media , book s had to reinvent themselves . In addition to being s tor ages of infor mation, book s have become objec t s of plea sur e. They ar e now desir ed and enjoyed both for their subjec t s and a s objec t s . The libr ar y a s a public space will need to go through a similar transition in the digital realm.

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pl an: level

1- 6

outdoor pool

+

media pl a z a

The libr ar y should not be consider ed solely a s a place of public lear ning, bu t r ather a s a place of p u b l i c p l e a s u r e . T h e t w o d i s p a r a t e r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s w i l l h e i g h t e n t h e d i m i n i s h i n g r o l e o f t h e l i b r a r y. It will also r adicalize the social exper ience. The seek ing and shar ing of pleasure will be it s fu ture.

34 •


m e d i a l i b r a ry w i t h ch i l d r e n ’ s p o o l u n d e r n e at h a n d a d u lt s p o o l a b ov e , lv l

2-3

In contr a s t to r eading, which is pr edominantly visual and cer ebr al, bathing is the r educ tion of this dominance and the heightening our other senses . The Libr ar y of Pleasure integr ates t wo i n f l u e n t i a l p u b l i c t y p o l o g i e s i n h u m a n h i s t o r y, t h e l i b r a r y a n d t h e b a t h . T h e i n f u s i o n o f s e n s o r y element s cr eate hybr idized conditions wher e both ac tivities can benef it from. A s water can be u s e d a t m o s p h e r i c a l l y, a c o u s t i c a l l y, a n d s p i r i t u a l l y t o e n l i g h t e n l e a r n i n g , p r i n t a n d d i g i t a l m e d i a c a n promote the shar ing of k nowledge and produce a for um-like environment .

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reading

stacks

service block

WHAT IS THE ARCHITECTURE OF A CYBERNETIC LIBRARY?

GSAPP

service block

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Incorporating artificial intelligence into the curation and circulation systems of a public library would allow for a more trabeated construction - exeter library coursed masonry construction - midtown library ‘trabeatedThe - coursed’ construction - proposed mid manhattan library informed and responsive archive. cybernetic algorithms would transform analog archiving into a constantly updating network of knowledge accumulation and consumption. 2

1

golden rectangle

The core of the library is a vending system that stores, catalogs, tracks, clusters, and dispenses books according to what it leans ‘bounding box’ wall generation grid + partiand diagram howEJBHSBNNBUJDTFDUJPOUISVTJOHMFˍPPS CFBNDPVSTJOHEJBHSBN from the collection it is used. The books are filtered through an hierarchical vertical system to leak onto the facades, where the requested information becomes accessible. The design challenge is creating an efficient circulation system to grant visitors access to the entire library field.

30ft. x 30ft. module

event

exhibit

2. Spectral typology of the Mid-Manhattan Library in the city membrane

3. Pods’ horizontal and vertical access to the library fields

4. The structural frame enables responsive movement of the pod/spaces

Therese Diede

3. The unfolded hypercube: a theoretical construct to contain Jorges Borges infinite library.

However, a successful management of inter-spatial movement of occupants is not as simple as placing arrow signs. Directional signals must induce a sense of surprise and excitement creating a movement that is voluntary, not strained. Each successive space therefore has to imbue a sense of excitement for the space beyond.

Elaine Hoffman

4. Inter-layering of programs for added desirability

REBECCA COSTANZO STUDIO GOBERNA CORE STUDIO II MMXI

BY BOTH ENTICING AND FORBIDDING, CAN THE LIBRARY ESTABLISH EPHEMERALITY AND A CONSTANTLY SHIFTING STATE OF DESIRE?

The moment a desire becomes known, the attempt is to reach it. Desire is enhanced when the object of desire is forbidden, beyond reach. And once reached, the desire must morph or project onto something else. Desire is an illusion. It is a distortion of reality. And once a desire is fulfilled, it fails to meet its own expectations. It is ephemeral.

The library of desire is an attempt to fill a void that is constantly changing, shifting, rotating. Opportunities are opened and closed, revealed and concealed, according to subjective projections of desire. Visibility entices, but the desire to reach something is a continuous disillusion.

HOW CAN THE ACOUSTIC PROPERTIES OF SOUND BE USED PROGRAMATICALLY TO DESIGN SPACE? Acoustical qualities are an under-estimated part of our spatial experience. Architects typically think about materials, lighting, and spatial organization in general while designing, but variations in acoustics will drastically alter our experience of a space. These acoustical exaggerations make us more aware of the sounds that we make within a space.

The design of my library focuses on the different acoustical needs of its distinct areas. The library manipulates parameters such as geometry, material and angles to control sound. As we enter, people are encouraged to lower their voices by exaggerating the echo in the lobby. The computer area, is designed to deflect sound. For the café loud noises are contained within its walls with sound proofing. In the auditorium, the flow of sound is enhanced from the stage to the audience through the design of the ceiling and walls. In the children’s whispering pods, I created little laboratories for experiments with sound. And last, but not least, as we enter the main reading room, the interlocking bookshelves are designed to absorb sound and maintain the silence.

Rebecca Costanzo

GSAPP

3. Once built, the camouflage panels hide the library from the public space that it infiltrates.

Architects understand the very fact that all occupants in a space are always on a look out for directional cues or signals to guide themselves through a new environment. Therefore the role of an architect in this sense is the director of public movement and the eventual routes visitors takes becomes the architect’s message and agenda.

GSAPP

2. These materials include a folding canvas structure, camouflage panels, and scaffolding.

ELAINE HOFFMAN STUDIO GOBERNA CORE STUDIO II MMXI

HOW CAN BUILDING FORMS INVOKE CURIOSITY AND ENCOURAGE OCCUPANTS TO BE MORE EXPLORATIVE?

3. The library is comprised of stacks and reading rooms with changed moods for each collection.

A xelle Zemouli

Targeting the spatial spaces – blind spots, and scalar breakdown is a temporary work s underground informa such as Anonymous G

2. The schematic design uses tension and compression to create spaces of different moods.

The Secret Library: A hidden, malleable, compact space that infiltrates public facilities. Library and Mood: How light, structure,1.materiality, and confinement can transform The client sneaks all of the materials, whichreading fit in a backpack, into the target building. Reading the Light. Translucent concrete1. filters the light, revealing a constellation stars.changes the atmosphere of the space.space. Precedent studies examine how adjustingoflight

2. The book is replaced by the holocube.

This proposal responds to these two limitations by using holographic technology- the future of information storage- to capture the memories, aspirations, conjectures, and imagery of the everyday person. The collection, which consists of holocubes rather than books, is organized by author- the deceased are placed in the subterranean archives of lost memory; the living are placed in the circulating library, suspended from above at an elevation which corresponds to their year of birth. The intervention- more a construction site than a building- aggregates in time, tracking cycles of birth and death, with each floor serving as a cross-section through the consciousness of any given era.

2. From left to right: entrance, lobby, handwashing room, path to stacks.

STUDIO GOBERNA

CAN A SECR HOW CAN A

GSAPP

This investigation began with a reading of Jorge Borges library of Babel- an infinite library of unrestrained dimension and content, which contains all possible realities- every coherent book that has ever, or could ever be written, every conceivable past and future state. While viable in fiction, the built library can afford no such luxury: limited by the storage capacity of the traditional book and restricted to scholarly writings and the fictional work of creatives, it is inherently finite in scope.

4. Changing circulation access generates a new set of possible paths every time a user enters.

social

auditorium

CORE STUDIO II MMXI programmed spaces

STUDIO GOBERNA CORE STUDIO II MMXI INFORMATION IS INFINITE BUT THE LIBRARY IS NOT; HOW CAN HOLOGRAPHIC TECHNOLOGY BE USED TO RENEGOTIATE THE EXTENTS OF THE LIBRARY?

Rebecca Costanzo

1. The outer walls of the reading towers form the stacks.

4. The rail system becomes the armature which carries the ‘architecture’

AYAKA KOBAYASHI HALES

outdoor

3. Visual attraction from the exterior

4. The main public pool act as a multi-media forum surrounded by educational programs

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Therese Diede

2. Enrique Miralles and curiosity invoking strategies

Structural Beams

4. Classical design nethods are reimagined to govern the arrangement of building elements.

This project proposes to re-appropriate and reinterpret traditional coursed masonry and trabeated construction and its attendant Classical / Beaux-Arts design methodologies in an attempt to integrate and understand structure, services and program as commingled elements of a single entity.

2. The library of desire appears and disappears as the stacks and reading rooms pop out!

The Holographic Library. The reading rooms are situated in the shadiest regions of the site.

In this increasingly connected, networked world, a person’s sense of privacy has been steadily eroded over the past 10-15 years. The need for a place that mitigates this condition is more urgent than ever. As it stands today, the library is the only secular venue in our architectural heritage that successfully meets this need.

GSAPP

3. Each floor opens and closes around hinge points that move along fixed tracks.

THERESE DIEDE STUDIO GOBERNA CORE STUDIO II MMXI

2. Plans designed to encourage acoustical variations according to programmatic differences

The Library of Pleasure creates a harmonious condition between the pleasures of body and mind, by integrating the two contradicting, yet simultaneously diminishing public spaces into one building: The Library and the Bath. The infusion of different sensory stimulants create hybrid conditions where the experience of both activities can benefit from.

IS IT POSSIBLE TO RECALIBRATE THE EVER NARROWING DISTANCE BETWEEN THE INDIVIDUAL AND THE COLLECTIVE THROUGH THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY?

1. Wireframe of library of sound.

1. Study of the public library myth (Centre Pompidou)

GSAPP

Sangwook Lee

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2. Conceptual sketch model of the mobile library with the tendril like rails

3. The stair system which communicates to users books used and spaces occupied

‘Carnal Pleasure’ and the ‘Cataloguing of Fate’ are the two intertwining elements of a fictional library that appeared in the Chinese Classic Novel “Dream of the Red Chambre” The ephemeral quality of pleasure and the suffocating burden of knowledge presents a powerful duality with incredible architectural potential and challenges.

Aldo Cherdabayev

36 •

CAN THE DIMINISHING ROLE OF THE LIBRARY AS A PUBLIC SPACE FOR LEARNING BE REVITALIZED WITH POSSIBILITY OF PLEASURE?

6

GSAPP

SANGWOOK LEE STUDIO GOBERNA

5

STUDIO GOBERNA

In a mobile book library, users can now request books which travel to them through a rail system meanwhile communicating to others what books are being read nad which library spaces are being used. The books are protected but they are not tethered to one single location. This allows for pop-up libraries and pop-up spaces to be created as needed.

CORE STUDIO II MMXI

2

ALDO CHERDABAYEV CORE STUDIO II MMXI

GSAPP

Michelle O’Carroll

4

Karl Bengzon

Libraries today try to focus on the content-nature of books. That leaves many other functions of the book left unexplored. In addition to their content, books can be communication tools, spacecreators, and even fetishized objects. How can a system maximize all these ‘alternate’ yet equally valuable functions of a book?

1

GSAPP

2. Experimental mutation of OMA’s Seattle Library into a palace of pleasure by the picturesque

KARL BENGZON STUDIO GOBERNA CORE STUDIO II MMXI

3. The spatial collision of bath and library to create multi-dimensional sensory conditions

Chao Lun Wang

2. Contemplative spaces arise from the gaps and elisions between building elements.

The library of pleasure: harmony of mind (library)orwell’s and body (bath)of truth” in 1984 1. George ministry

Shared solitude: structure, services and 1.program niches contemplative spacethe intertwining elements of a fictional library “Carnalcreate Pleasure” andand “Cataloguing of Fate”: The Cybernetic Library: Library of non-linear network algorithms 1. Reading niches are defined through the arrangement of beams, services and bookstacks.

GSAPP

3. This project reinterprets trabeated and masonry construction in order to generate space.

CHAO LUN WANG STUDIO GOBERNA CORE STUDIO II MMXI

AXELLE ZEMOULI

STUDIO GOBERNA CORE STUDIO II MMXI

Invocation of curiosity: creating desires1.to explorerooms extend into the city, occupying the dark, interstitial spaces between buildings. Reading

Sherr y Yang

MICHELLE O’CARROLL

IF A NEW ‘LIBRARY’ UTILIZED THE BOOKS TO CREATE SPACES, FETISHIZE OBJECTS AND COMMUNICATE MESSAGES, WILL IT STILL BE A LIBRARY?

Library of desire: Voids instill visibility to adjacent spaces, but then obstruct physical reach. 1. Curiosity for the space beyond leads to exploration

GSAPP

7

SHERRY YANG STUDIO GOBERNA CORE STUDIO II MMXI

The library of sound: intensification of 1. experience New program spaces open up and reveal new connections as the library rotates outward.

The library of Peripatetic books: objects, communication and spaces created by book mobility.

e n d o f y e a r s h ow

HOW CAN TRANSFOR

How can architecture sphere that affects m grew out of an exami Lost in a Good Book in which the atmosph morphs based on the character. In the prec studies, different par to architecture, includ artificial light, confin materiality, were isola each affects mood.

CAN THE F

Can light make us sto importantly – can ligh centration?


1 Book per polemic 1 Po l e m i c p e r d e s i g n 12 A u t h o r s / 12 T i t l e s / 12 R o b o t s 6 0 0 Vo l u m e s

• 37


VISUAL STUDIES


H Y P E R B O L I C W E AV E F a l l 2 011 | F o r m w o r k s Instruc tor : Joshua Dr aper In Collabor ation with: Bo Liu, Demitr a Kons tantinidis A par abolic modular sys tem, ca s ted in r esin, connec ted with magnets

WOV E N B A S K E R S F a l l 2 011 | R e -T h i n k i n g B I M Instruc tor : Mark Green In Collabor ation with: Jus tin Fabr ikant, Stephen Chou, Shuning Zhao Using the par ametr ic capabilities of B IM sof t wares, gener ate a component that can intelligently adapt to dif fer ent sys tems of or ganization


h y pe r b o l i c w e av e

1.

f oa m p os i t i v e cnc milled

40 •

2.

3.

s i l i co n n e g at i v e c asted:

20

hrs

2- pa rt

resin casting

mold with pour spout


4.

r e s i n p os i t v e

c asted:

45

min

• 41


wov e n b a s k e r s

p lov e r p l at i n g ,

“ ch i d o r i

ami”

Ty p e o f s i m p l e p l a i t i n g i n w h i c h e a c h r o w is supplemented by t wo f ine s tr ings that undulate and cross one another as they

a da p t i v e co m p o n e n t

zig zag above and below the hor izont al strip; creat delicate crosses resembling tiny bird tr ack s on sand, hence it s name.

the hammock

the hammock thehfloor 01. ammock the hammock the floor the screen the floor 02. f lo o r the screen

the screen

03.

scr e e n

g a l a x y , h o n da s yo ry u

C a p i t a l i z i n g o n R e v i t ’s p a n e l i z a t i o n c a p a b i l i t i e s , w e c r e a t e d a s t a n d a r d c u r t a i n p a t t e r n - b a s e d family a s well a s thr ee dis tinc t conceptual ma sses to hos t the panel. The projec t is inspir ed by a e s t h e t i c a n d s t r u c t u r a l q u a l i t i e s o f a w e a v i n g b a s k e t . S p e c i f i c a l l y, o u r c u r t a i n p a t t e r n i s b a s e d on a tr aditional “plover plaiting” weaving pat ter n and is hos ted on each of the three t ypes of i n t e r v e n t i o n s (w h i c h a r e d i s t i n c t c o n c e p t u a l m a s s e s) . E a c h t y p e o f i n t e r v e n t i o n u s e s a d i f f e r e n t t y p e o f t h e c u r t a i n p a t t e r n - b a s e d f a m i l y. T h e d i f f e r e n c e s l i e i n t h e f o r m u l a s t h a t c a l i b r a t e t h e thick nesses , wid ths , and leng ths of the dif fer ent component s of the cur t ain pat ter n. These for mula s var y ba sed on the dif fer ent func tions of each conceptual ma ss . 42 •


woven Bask-ers the B h a m:m o c k 01.

woven Bask-ers

asketcases

Stephen Chou + Justin Fabrikant + Chao Lun Wang + Shuning Zhao

the hammock rethinking BIM | fall 2011 the Basketcases:

Stephen Chou + Justin Fabrikant + Chao Lun Wang + Shuning Zhao

rethinking 01. the HAMMOCK BIM | fall 2011 Exhausted students can snooze comfortably in the woven hammock hanging in the double-high stairwell between the fifth and sixth floors of avery. Using the chidori-ami weave as a base, the Hammock is designed for parameteric adjustment. In the conceptual mass level of Revit, the Hammock has adjustable width, depth, and parabolic connection geometery. The combination of adjustable elements can generate infinite variety customizable paraboloids and parabolic hyperboloids.

01. the HAMMOCK the floor

Exhausted students can snooze comfortably in the woven hammock hangand sixth floors of avery.

Successfuling designs maydouble-high be built by outputting the flattened geometery in the stairwell between theoffifth the woven slats and measuring the length of hanging ropes.

Using the chidori-ami weave as a base, the Hammock is designed for parameteric adjustment. In the conceptual mass level of Revit, the Hammock has adjustable width, depth, and parabolic connection geometery. The combination of adjustable elements can generate infinite variety customizable paraboloids and parabolic hyperboloids.

the screen

Successful designs may be built by outputting the flattened geometery of the woven slats and measuring the length of hanging ropes.

E x h a u s t e d s t u d e n t s c a n s n o oz e c o m f o r t a b l y i n t h e w o v e n h a m m o c k h a n g i n g i n t h e d o u b l e - h i g h s t a i r w e l l b e t w e e n t h e f i f t h a n d s i x t h f l o o r s o f a v e r y. U s i n g t h e c h i d o r i - a m i w e a v e a s a b a s e , t h e Hammock is designed for par ameter ic adjus tment . In the conceptual ma ss level of Revit , the H a m m o c k h a s a d j u s t a b l e w i d t h , d e p t h , a n d p a r a b o l i c c o n n e c t i o n g e o m e t e r y. T h e c o m b i n a t i o n of adjus t able elements can gener ate inf inite var iet y cus tomizable par aboloids and par abolic hyper boloids . Successful designs may be built by ou tpu t ting the f lat tened geometer y of the woven slats and measur ing the leng th of hanging ropes.

• 43


the hammock

02.

f lo o r

the floor

the screen

T i r e d s t u d e n t s l o o k i n g f o r a p l a c e t o l o i t e r, c o n v e r s e , o r s i t c a n e n j o y t h e n e w u n d u l a t i n g f l o o r on the mez zanine level of Aver y hall. This second inter vention is set up a s a lof t of four cur ves , t wo each of dis tinc t prof iles. The heights, wid ths, and depths of the individual cur ves and over all for m ar e set up a s dis tinc t par ameter s in the conceptual ma ss . A change in the par ameter s cr eate dif ferent sized zones that can be made to be suit able for seating or s t anding depending on the i n p u t .T h e c u r t a i n p a n e l f a m i l y f o r t h i s t y p e t h i c k e n s t h e c i r c u l a r r o d s t o p r o v i d e s t r u c t u r a l r i g i d i t y so that the undulation can be occupiable.

44 •


the floor

03.

scr e e n

the screen

The Scr een will hang at the window of the six th f loor elevator lobby of Aver y Hall. For this i n t e r v e n t i o n , p a r a m e t e r s i n t h e p a n e l f a m i l y t y p e w e r e s e t t o p o r t r a y a l i g h t- w e i g h t , p o r o u s cons tr uc tion. All thr ee dir ec tional element s - the hor izont al, ver tical and diagonal - ar e of almos t equal weight to accentuate the sense of a weaved, delicate sur face. This family t ype is then applied to a undulating sur face that would ou tline the over all shape of the screen. The sur face is built ou t of splines that have var iable control geometr y to specif y the peak s and valleys of the undulation.

• 45


HARLEM HOUSING F a l l 2 011 | C o r e S t u d i o I I I : D i f f e r e n t S t a t e o f H o u s i n g Critic: Douglas Gauthier In Collabor ation with: Elaine Hof fman


F OA M AG G R E G AT I O N E x p l o i t i n g t e t r a h e d r o n ’s p o t e n t i a l t o g e n e r a t e a c o n t i n u o u s l y ag gr egating sys tem designed to accomodate change.

F OA M O U T E RW E A R E x p l o i t i n g t e t r a h e d r o n ’s p o t e n t i a l t o f u n c t i o n o f a s a p e r f o r m a t i v e o u t e r w e a r f o r a M a x FA R b u i l d i n g d e s i g n e d f r o m the outside in.


F OA M AG G R E G AT I O N E x p l o i t i n g t e t r a h e d r o n ’s p o t e n t i a l t o g e n e r a t e a c o n t i n u o u s l y a g g r e g a t i n g s y s t e m .

link

15

units

mid-rise i

mid-rise ii

tow e r

58

55

40

48 •

units

units

units


• 49


th

on

Lex

in

gt

12 5

th

tm

en

t

w

et

la

nd

ird

12 4

ea

Th

tr

site pl an N

section

T h e t h r e e t e t r a h e d r o n t y p e s a r e e x p l o i t e d a s f l e x i b l e v ox e l u n i t s f o r c o n t i n u o u s a g g r e g a t i o n without having to add additional s tr uc ture

50 •


• 51


F OA M O U T E RW E A R

124 th Street - Nor th

E x p l o i t i n g t e t r a h e d r o n ’s p o t e n t i a l t o f u n c t i o n o f a s a p e r f o r m a t i v e o u t e r w e a r f o r a m a x f a r building designed from the outside in.

52 •


125 th Street - South

• 53


CONNECTION: MTA + METRO NORTH 1. Max FAR COMMERCIAL PROGRAM

3. Ground Level Retail

2. Bonus FAR GALLERY PROGRAM

4. Top Level Galler y

LOUD CORRIDOR IN MASSING

5. Loggia FINAL MESSING

7. Light and Air Voids m a ss i n g s t r at e g i e s

54 •

6. Urban Circulation through Loggia CIRCULATION

8. Perimeter Circulation


FIRE

FIRE

FIRE

FIRE

FIRE

FIRE

l i v e / wo r k u n i t s

1

b e d ro o m ,

550

sf

s h a r e d acco m o dat i o n

fa m i ly u n i t

5

3

b e d ro o m ,

2650

sf

b e d ro o m ,

1950

sf

• 55


e l e vat i o n n o rt h

- 125t h

street

e l e vat i o n s o u t h

- 124 t h

street

56 •


• 57


C O L U M B I A B U I L D I N G I N T E L L I G E N C E P RO J E C T (C - B I P ) S p r i n g 2 012 | A d v a n c e d S t u d i o I V: C - B I P Cr itic: Scot t Mar ble


B U I L D I N G E L E M E N T: WO R M H O L E Element s’ pr imar y design role is to tr ans for m exis ting b u i l d i n g s p r o g r a m m a t i c a l l y, a e s t h e t i c a l l y a n d c u l t u r a l l y, w h i l e a l s o a d d r e s s i n g t h e P l a N YC g o a l s o f r e d u c i n g e n e r g y u s a g e and carbon emissions.

B U I L D I N G S T R AT E G Y: C O L L A B O R AT I V E AU TO N O M Y In Collabor ation with: Rebecca Mar r iot , Michelle Par k , Kar l B eng zon B uilding on the r esearch and design concept s developed dur ing Pha ses 1 and 2, s tudent s will continue to addr ess the mandate for ener g y mitigation and car bon emissions reduc tion through the technical precision of their Element , along with the broader social and cultur al implications of applying these Elements to an existing building.


e l e m e n t : wo r m h o l e

DF%

10

5

1 0 > 3.4 m: Too Dark

2.0 m ~ 3.4 m: Just Right

< 2.0 m: Too Bright

1 2 3 4 5

D a y l i g h t p a s s i n g t h r o u g h c o n v e n t i o n a l w i n d o w s f a l l s o f f r a p i d l y. There is excessive amount of light near the per imeter and not enough beyong 3. 5m.

10m

20m

67 % o f f l o o r s p a c e o n t h i s lof t building requires ar tif icial l i g h t i n g t h r o u g h o u t t h e d a y.

DF%

10

5

1 0 1 2 3 4 5

6

5

4

3

2

1

Can we redis tr ibu te the excessive amount of light at the building per ipher y to places depr ived of it?

60 â&#x20AC;˘

10m

20m

0

O n l y 18 % o f f l o o r s p a c e o n this lof t building requires ar tif icial lighting through out t h e d a y.


a rt i f i c i a l l i g h t e f f i c ac y

7% Light 22% Light

30% Light

35% Light

78% Heat

70% Heat

65% Heat

Fluorescent

Metal Halide

65% Heat

60% Light

High Pressure Sodium

93% Heat 30% Light

35% Light

Incandescent

70% n at u rHeat a l l i g h t e f f i c ac y

75% Light

40% Heat 60% Light

75% Light

40% Heat

25% Heat

Sunlight through Clear Glass

Sunlight through Low-E Glazing

1

2

25% Heat

Collector 1. Acr ylic Protector 2. Glazing 3. Lightshelf 4. Parabolic Mirror 5. Receiver

6

3

Conduit 6. Optical Fibers - Bundled as Conduit

5

Diffuser 7. Optical Fibers - Dispersed as Diffuser

4

7

wo r m h o l e

â&#x20AC;˘ 61


t y pe o f ac t i v i t y

r e ce i v e r r at i o

Off ice Work Illumination Required = 500 Lux

Receiver Ratio Ratio= 0.65

Detail Work Illumination Required = 1500 Lux

Receiver Ratio Ratio= 0.95

Photosynthesis Illumination Required = 4000 Lux

Photosynthesis Illumination Required = 4000 Lux

Inputs

Implied Numeric Values Illumination Required

Parameter 1:

a.

Office Work

Type of Activity

b. c. d.

Visual Work Detail Work Photosynthesis

Luminous Flux

Parameter 2: Type of Exposure

Parameter 3: Collection to Transmission Ratio

62 â&#x20AC;˘

a. b.

Direct Sunlight Indirect Full Daylight

Real Number: 0.00 ~ 1.00

D

500 lux 750 lux 1500 lux 4000 lux

100,000 lm 15,000 lm

(

I

Operation 1

T Total Light Collected =

(

(Luminous Flux) x (Ratio) x (Area of Opeing) x (0.92)

(

Measurement from Input Geometry


d i f f u s e r s h a pe

Diffuser.Shape Shape = Circle

Diffuser.Shape Shape = Square

Diffuser.Shape Shape = Hybrid

Operation 3

DistributaryArea =

Output DistributaryArea

(Total Light Transmitted) /

Illumination Required Operation 2

Output

Total Light Transmitted =

Total Light Transmitted

(Total Light Collected) x

(0.98964) ^ (Length of Fiber)

Measurement from Input Geometry so l a r pa r a m e t e r s

â&#x20AC;˘ 63


d i f f u s e r p ro p o rt i o n

d i f f u s e r lo c at i o n

Diffuser.Propor tion Propor tion = 0.5

Orientation/Location Orientation = x y plane - Ceiling

Diffuser.Propor tion Propor tion = 1.6

Orientation/Location Orientation = x y plane - Ground

Orientation/Location Orientation = yz plane - Wall

Inputs

Parameter 4:

a.

Circular

Shape

b. c.

Rectalinear Hybrid

Parameter 5:

Real Number: 0.2 ~ 5.00

Proportion

Parameter 6: Lighting Type

a. b. c. d.

Area Spot Linear Gradient

Basic Geometry Diffuser Outline

Size from Distributary Area Output


l i g h t i n g t y pe

Diffuser.Type Type = Spot

Diffuser.Type Type = Linear

Diffuser.Type Type = Linear

Diffuser.Type Type = Gradient

g e o m e t r i c pa r a m e t e r s


09:0 0 e a s t fac i n g w i n d ow s t r a n s m i t t i n g l i g h t

12:0 0 so u t h fac i n g w i n d ow s t r a n s m i t t i n g l i g h t

66 â&#x20AC;˘


16:0 0 w e s t fac i n g w i n d ow s t r a n s m i t t i n g l i g h t

I n t h e m o r n i n g , t h e s u r f a c e s l i n k e d t o E a s t- F a c i n g w i n d o w s a r e l i t u p . At noon, the sur faces linked to Sou th- Facing windows are lit up. I n t h e a f t e r n o o n , t h e s u r f a c e s l i n k e d t o We s t- F a c i n g w i n d o w s a r e l i t- u p . L i g h t p a s s i n g t h r o u g h t h e w o r m h o l e c a r r y t h e c o l o r t e m p e r a t u r e a t t h e h o u r.

â&#x20AC;˘ 67


S T R AT E G Y: C O L L A B O R AT I V E AU TO N O M Y In Collabor ation with: Rebecca Mar r iot , Michelle Par k , K ar l B eng zon

p u b l i c sch o o l s

1,141 TOTAL SCHOOLS

3.7% of All of NYC SF 8.3% of All of 50K+ & <1990

FILTERS THE DISTRIBUTION OF SCHOOLS IS RELATED TO LAND-USE AND DENSITY

1,141

tota l sch o o l s

YEAR BU

CONSTRUCTION TRENDS REFLECT SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHANGES

f i lt e r s :

• The distribution of schools is related to land-use and density

TARGET RANGE FOR TYPICAL SCHOOL: 1950-1975

1975

1949

1932

1919

s e a rch r e t u r n :

Yea Lot Bu Flo Bu Ma

Year Built: 1968 Lot Area: 339,154 SF Building Area: 1,012,000 SF Floors: 4 Built FAR: 2.98 Max FAR: 2.43

0

0

1

1980 LAFAYETT

l a fay e t t e av e , b ro n x , n yc

98

1

97

0

0

1

96

0

1

95

1

94

0

0

0

0

1

93

92

91

90

1

1

Located in-between Pugsley Avenue

L o c a t e d i n - b e t w e e n P u g s l e y A v e n u e a n d W h i t e P l a i n s R o a d o nand L a fWhite a y e t t ePlains A v e nRoad u e , t on h i s Lafayette school c a m p u s i s t w o b l o c k s f r o m t h e B r u c k n e r E x p r e s s w a y i n t h e B r o n xAvenue, . A f o uthis r s t oschool r y school complex , t h e s i t e o r i g i n a l l y h o u s e d o n e s i n g l e s c h o o l p r o g r a m b u t a f t e r campus a b r i e f is t i mtwo e sblocks t a n d i n from g v a cthe ant, it Expressway c u r r e n t l y i s o c c u p i e d b y 8 s e p a r a t e s c h o o l s , r a n g i n g f r o m p r i v aBruckner te to com m u n i t y p rin o gthe r a mBronx. ming. L ar ger amenities are shared by the dif ferent progr ams, such as the g ym, cafeter ia and auditor ium b u t t h e f o u r f l o o r p l a t e s a r e d i v i d e d a x i a l l y t o h o u s e t h e n i n e dAi f ffour e r e nstory t o c cschool u p a n t scomplex, . T h e c a the mpus site originally housed one single inhabit s the entire block with additional par k ing and green space.

68 •

1

1980 L AFAYET TE AVE. • • • • • •

1

1980

1

9

9

1

• Target range for typical school: 1950 -1975 y e a r b u i lt :

0

0

• Construction trends ref lect social and economic changes

school program but after a brief time standing vacant, it currently is occupied by 8 separate schools, ranging from private to community programming.


06

06 05 05

04

06

01

01. CENTRAL ATRIA STRATEGY

02

02. ATRIA CONNECTION TO FACADE STRATEGY 01. Central Atria Strategy 03. FACADE STRATEGY 04. Atria COURYARD STRATEGY 02. Connection to Facade 05. ROOF STRATEGY 03. 06. Facade PERIMETERStrategy BUILDING STRATEGY 04. Cour tyard Strategy 05. Roof Strategy {collaborative - autonomies} 06. Perimeter Building Strategy

03

STATEMENT

Adding boundaries to a school can enforce c

increased presents The design score card separation is a real timeissues of terri and colla evalution basedAn ideal on balance the between level autonomy of environment by allowing to deve collaboration and autonomy desiredstudents at various scales. environment, engaging with each other and th

human scale

DESIGN SCORECARD

degree of autonomy

This thesis is embodied in the form of our s

autonomy and collaboration along three axes scale and the site scale.

existing building score ideal or target score current design variation score

bldg. scale

site scale

degrees of collaboration converge at origin point

degree of autonomy

thesis

elements

human scale

degree of autonomy

building scale

site scale

energy

design system variations

design map

The redevelopment for the Stevenson School is based on the belief that s tudents need both c o l l a b o r a t i v e a n d a u t o n o m o u s e n v i r o n m e n t s t o s u c c e s s f u l l y d e v e l o p e a c a d e m i c a l l y a n d s o c i a l l y.

â&#x20AC;˘ 69


at r i u m

{collaborative - autonomies}

{collaborative - autonomies} atrium workflow hydroponic atrium

atrium workflow hydroponic atrium

element inputs

zoning element element inputs (as massing)

hydroponic atrium** jenna miller 2012 nyc zoning element ryan lovett 2011

zoning element (as massing)

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012 * feature requested **hacked by team

hydroponic atrium** jenna miller 2012 nyc zoning element ryan lovett 2011 human scale

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012

circulation diagram

* feature requested **hacked by team

bldg. scale

{collaborative - autonomies} atrium workflow thesis hydroponic atrium

elements

human scale

building scale

site scale

energy

design system variations

site scale

design map

element inputs

zoning element (as massing)

hydroponic atrium** jenna miller 2012 nyc zoning element ryan lovett 2011

circulation diagram

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012 * feature requested **hacked by team

SYSTEM INPUTS

000 000 000 000 000

atrium distance from courtyard average distance between atria school size (number of students) number of landings occupancy per landing SYSTEM OUTPUTS circulation percent shared space diagram

percent autonomous space total sf of shared space maximum distance classroom to classroom

thesis

elements

human scale

maximum distance school to school

total sf of shared space between schools (inter) total sf of shared space withiin each school (intra)

human scale

000 000 000 000 000

building scale

site scale

energy

bldg. scale

{collaborative - autonomies} atrium workflow thesis

elements

human scale

element inputs hydroponic atrium SYSTEM INPUTS atrium distance from courtyard average distance between atriahuman scale school size (number of students) zoning element (as massing)number of landings occupancy per landing

hydroponic atrium** SYSTEM OUTPUTS jenna miller 2012 percent shared space percent autonomous space nyc zoning element ryan lovett 2011total sf of shared space bldg.

maximum distance classroom to classroom paver planter filter** scale dolores o’connormaximum 2012 distance school to school

scale

site scale

energy

design system variations

* feature requested total sf of shared space between schools (inter) **hacked bymap team design total sf of shared space withiin each school (intra)

building scale

site scale

energy

design system variations

design map

design system variations

000 000

site scale

design map

000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000

site scale

000 000

human scale

human scale

circulation diagram

bldg. scale

site scale

bldg. scale

scale

site scale

energy

design map

design system variations

thesis

70 •

elements

human scale

building scale

site scale

energy

design system variations

design map

site scale


man scale

{collaborative - autonomies}

fac a d e

SYSTEM INPUTS

{collaborative - autonomies}

shared space opacity from residential

facade workflow atrium element

element inputs

hot box

element inputs

shared space opacity from comm. program shared space opacity from school classroom opacity from residential

facade workflow element inputs

atrium element

classroom opacity from comm. program classroom opacity from school SYSTEM OUTPUTS

50% 000 80% 000 471

shading percentage

angle inputs

flexible louver

glazing percentage energy saved (MBtu)

energy model calculations

3

shading element

element inputs

hot box

000 50% 30% 000 0000% 100% 50% 50%

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012 hotbox jayson walker 2011 flexible louver strip chris geist 2011

angle inputs

flexible louver

shading element* sam yul huh 2012 * feature requested **hacked by team human scale

energy model calculations shading element

{collaborative - autonomies} SYSTEM INPUTS shared space opacity from residential

facade workflow atrium element

element inputs

hot box

element inputs

shared space opacity from comm. program shared space opacity from school classroom opacity from residential

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

thesis

hotbox jayson walker 2011

classroom opacity from comm. program classroom bldg. opacity from school scale

elements

human scale

building scale

angle inputs

flexible louver

site scale

energy

design system variations

design map

scale

SYSTEM OUTPUTS

30% 000 80% 000 414

shading percentage glazing percentage energy saved (MBtu)

flexible louver strip chris geist 2011

000 30% 50% 000 0000% 50% 100% 30% site

energy model calculations

3

shading element

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

shading element* sam yul huh 2012

hotbox jayson walker 2011 flexible louver strip chris geist 2011

* feature requested **hacked by team

shading element* sam yul huh 2012 * feature requested **hacked by team human scale

{collaborative - autonomies} SYSTEM INPUTS shared space opacity from residential

facade workflow atrium element

element inputs

hot box

element inputs

shared space opacity from comm. program shared space opacity from school classroom opacity from residential

thesis

classroom opacity from comm. program classroom bldg. opacity from school scale

elements

human scale

building scale

angle inputs

flexible louver

site scale

energy

design system variations

design map

scale

SYSTEM OUTPUTS

60% 000 80% 000 490

shading percentage glazing percentage

SYSTEM INPUTS

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

50% 30% 0% 100% classroom opacity from residential 50% classroom opacity from comm. program scale scale50% classroom opacity frombuilding school

hotbox jayson walker 2011

SYSTEM OUTPUTS

energy saved (MBtu)

shared space opacity from residential

000 50% 50% 000 50% 000 100% 50% 50% site

energy model

shared space opacity from comm. program calculations

shading element

thesis

COMMUNITY PROGRAM

elements

human

RESIDENTIAL 2

3

SCHOOL

1 4

5

flexible louver strip chris geist 2011 shading element* sam yul huh 2012 * feature requested **hacked by team

shading percentage (S) shading percentage (E) shading percentage (W) glazing percentage (S) glazing percentage (E) glazing percentage (W)

{collaborativeenergy - autonomies} saved (MBtu)

6

site scale

energy

design map

design system variations

20% 70% 50% 50% 80% 80% 80% 80% 567

shading percentage (N)

glazing percentage (N)

COMMUNITY PROGRAM

3

shared space opacity from school

human scale

SYSTEM INPUTS

COMMUNITY PROGRAM

shared space opacity from residential

facade workflow atrium element

element inputs

hot box

element inputs

shared space opacity from comm. program shared space opacity from school classroom opacity from residential

thesis

classroom opacity from comm. program classroom bldg. opacity from school scale

elements angle inputs

flexible louver

human scale

building scale

site scale

energy

design system variations

design map

scale

SYSTEM OUTPUTS

75% 000 80% 000 512

shading percentage glazing percentage energy saved (MBtu)

energy model calculations

3

shading element

building scale

site scale

energy

design system variations

000 80% 60% 000 0000% 100% 80% 80% site

designatrium* map hydroponic jenna miller 2012

hotbox jayson walker 2011 flexible louver strip chris geist 2011

{collaborative - autonomies} shading element* sam yul huh 2012

SYS

* feature requested **hacked by team

sha

human scale

facade workflow atrium element

sha

element inputs

sha

clas

hot box

thesis

flexible louver

clas

element inputs

bldg. scale

elements

human scale

building scale

site scale

energy

design system variations

site scale

design map

clas

SYS

sha

angle inputs

gla

ene energy model calculations shading element

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012 hotbox jayson walker 2011 flexible louver strip chris geist 2011 shading element* sam yul huh 2012

â&#x20AC;˘ 71


{collaborative - autonomies}

{collaborative - autonomies}

SYSTEM INPUTS

atrium element

co u rt ya r d

topography depth

element inputs

atrium element

column grid spacing roof height

point of entry

point of entry

path spline

subdivisions

{collaborative - autonomies} plaza gen.

all surfaces

paver planter element as glazing inputs

atrium element

point of entry

path spline

plaza gen.

paver planter

grid spacing roof height

rain roof

all surfaces

paver planter as glazing

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

kayden plaza generator** omar morales armstrong 2011

kayden plaza generator** omar morales armstrong 2011

mondrian surface* joe brennan 2012

mondrian surface* joe brennan 2012

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012

rain roof caroline lebar 2012

rain roof caroline lebar 2012

**hacked by team

* feature requested **hacked by team

subdivisions * feature requested {collaborative - autonomies}

horiz. subdiv. vert. subdiv. element spline factor inputs

atrium element elements

greenscape percentage

site scale

paver planter

path spline

mondrian surf.

paver planter

paver planter as glazing

all surfaces

t

r

SYSTEM INPUTS bldg.

paver planter as glazing

kayden plaza generator** omar morales armstrong 2011

rain roof

all surfaces

design map human scale

topography depth building scale

column grid spacing

site scale

SYSTEM OUTPUTS

selective surfaces

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

kayden plaza generator** omar morales armstrong 2011

kayden plaza generator** omar morales armstrong 2011

mondrian surface* joe brennan 2012

mondrian surface* joe brennan 2012

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012

rain roof caroline lebar 2012

rain roof caroline lebar 2012

freedom of motion

horiz. subdiv. vert. subdiv. spline factor

greenscape percentage

atrium element elements

SYSTEM INPUTS bldg.

human scale

building scale

site scale

thesis elements atrium element design system variations

energy

design map human scale

topography depth building scale

column grid spacing

site scale

roof height

plaza gen.

subdivisions

mondrian surf.

all surfaces

selective surfaces

paver planter as glazing

horiz. subdiv. vert. subdiv. spline factor topo depth path width

grid spacing roof height

rain roof

plaza gen.

Fragmentation = High Lot Size = Small

building scale

site scale

SYSTEM INPUTS

atrium element elements

path width element inputs topography depth human scale roof height

plaza gen.

freedom of motion

mondrian surf.

epth idth

all surfaces

selective surfaces

paver planter as glazing

energy

human scale

energy

SYSTEM INPUTS bldg.

topography depth column grid spacing

SYSTEM OUTPUTS intimacy freedom of motion greenscape percentage

Fragmentation = Low Lot Size = Large

Preferable to physical activities

design system variations

design map

human

element inputs

human scale design map

rain roof

topography depth building scale

column grid spacing

site scale

roof height SYSTEM OUTPUTS

vert. subdiv. spline factor

plaza gen.

topo depth path width paver planter

grid spacing roof height

mondrian surf.

all surfaces

selective surfaces

paver planter as glazing

rain roof

freedom of motion

horiz. subdiv. vert. subdiv. spline factor

3x scale 6’ 1.5’ 8’ o/c energy 57’

scale

circulatory subdivision path width design system variations

design map

greenscape percentage

topography depth column grid spacing roof height SYSTEM OUTPUTS

3/10 7/10 15%

intimacy

subdivisions

SYSTEM INPUTS bldg.

site

path width

thesis elements atrium element design system variations

path spline

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

intimacy freedom of motion greenscape percentage

topo depth path width

grid spacing roof height

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

kayden plaza generator** omar morales armstrong 2011

kayden plaza generator** omar morales armstrong 2011

human scale

mondrian surface* joe brennan 2012

mondrian surface* joe brennan 2012

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012

rain roof caroline lebar 2012

rain roof caroline lebar 2012

* feature requested **hacked by team

72 •

design map

roof height

roof height

mondrian surface* joe brennan 2012

7/10 7/10 30%

intimacy

subdivisions

greenscape percentage horiz. subdiv.

thesis

path width

grid spacing Preferable to Class size activities

point of entry

SYSTEM OUTPUTS

design system variations

scale

circulatory subdivision

design system variations

Fragmentation = Mid Lot Size = Medium

courtyard workflow

site scale

8’ o/c 57’

column grid spacing

path spline

energy

rain roof

greenscape percentage

scale subdivision circulatory

3x 4’

1.5’ building scale

point of entry

site scale

selective surfaces

SYSTEM INPUTS bldg.

topo depth path width

{collaborative - autonomies}

circulatory subdivision

courtyard workflow

building scale

all surfaces

paver planter as glazing

freedom of motion

horiz. subdiv. vert. subdiv. spline factor

3x scale 4’ 1.5’ 8’ o/c energy 57’

* feature requested **hacked by team

* feature requested **hacked by team

uman scale

human

rain roof caroline lebar 2012

rain roof caroline lebar 2012

paver planter

greenscape percentage

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012

{collaborative - autonomies}

grid spacing roof height

freedom of motion

kayden plaza generator** omar morales armstrong 2011

human scale

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012

subdiv. ubdiv. factor

intimacy

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

mondrian surface* joe brennan 2012

thesis

SYSTEM OUTPUTS

6/10 6/10 30%

intimacy

subdivisions

mondrian surf.

paver planter

Preferable to small group activiiteis

kayden plaza generator** omar morales armstrong 2011

elements

SYSTEM OUTPUTS

path spline

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

thesis

column grid spacing roof height

site

path width element inputs

point of entry

path spline

paver planter

topography depth

human scale

courtyard workflow

element inputs

point of entry

* feature requested **hacked by team

path width

grid spacing roof height

rain roof

scale circulatory subdivision

rain roof caroline lebar 2012

scale

circulatory subdivision

design map

topo depth path width

{collaborative - autonomies}

courtyard workflow

thesis

g

SYSTEM INPUTS bldg.

design system variations

* feature requested **hacked by team

{collaborative - autonomies}

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012

2x scale 4’ 1.5’ 8’ o/c energy 57’ 5/10 3/10 35%

intimacy

subdivisions

paver planter as glazing

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

* feature requested **hacked by team

mondrian surface* joe brennan 2012

human

site

path width element inputs

mondrian surf.

paver planter

grid spacing grid spacing roof height roof height

rain roof

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

plaza gen.

topo depth path width

selective surfaces

S

n

point of entry

plaza gen.

greenscape percentage

f

path spline

horiz. subdiv. vert. subdiv. spline factor

freedom of motion

S

point of entry

selective surfaces

all surfaces

intimacy

p

roof height

topo depth path width subdivisions

SYSTEM OUTPUTS

human scale

thesis elements design system variations atrium element

energy

roof height

c

scale circulatory subdivision

building scale

column grid spacing

grid spacing roof height

rain roof

courtyard workflow

human scale

topography depth

topo depth path width

{collaborative - autonomies}

courtyard workflow

path width

c

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

mondrian surf.thesis

selective surfaces

freedom of motion

horiz. subdiv. vert. subdiv. spline factor

circulatory subdivision

5/10 2/10 40%

intimacy

subdivisions

mondrian surf.

topo depth path width

selective surfaces

SYSTEM OUTPUTS

path spline

horiz. subdiv. vert. subdiv. spline factor

mondrian surf.

paver planter

courtyard workflow

plaza gen.

path width

courtyard workflow

element inputs

SYSTEM INPUTS

1x 4’ 1.5’ 8’ o/c 57’

circulatory subdivision courtyard workflow

bldg. scale

site scale

co lu m n d e n s i t y

human scale

* feature requested **hacked by team

bldg. scale

design map

elements

human scale

building scale

site scale

energy

human

thesis elements design system variations

human scale design map

building scale

bldg. scale

site scale

site scale

energy

design system variations

design map


nomies}

{collaborative - autonomies}

{collaborative - autonomies}

SYSTEM INPUTS

000 000 000 000 000

circulatory subdivision path width

courtyard workflow

element inputs

topography depth

element inputs

atrium element

column grid spacing roof height

point of entry

horiz. subdiv. vert. subdiv. spline factor

f.

ective faces

plaza gen.

paver planter as glazing

freedom of motion

plaza gen.

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

kayden plaza generator** omar morales armstrong 2011

kayden plaza generator** omar morales armstrong 2011

mondrian surface* joe brennan 2012

mondrian surface* joe brennan 2012

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012

3x 4’ 2.5’ 11’energy o/c 57’

circulatory subdivision path width

to p o g r a p h i c d i v i s i o n

building scale

site scale

energy

elements design map

design systemthesis variations

topography depth human scale

element inputs

atrium element

horiz. subdiv. vert. subdiv. spline factor

site scale

column grid spacing

SYSTEM INPUTS SYSTEM OUTPUTS circulatory subdivision intimacy path width freedom of motion topography depth greenscape percentage column grid spacing

courtyard workflow

sions

t

building scale

roof height

{collaborative - autonomies}

es}

3x 7/10 4’ 7/10 2.5’ 30% 11’ o/c 57’

roof height

Depth = 30” Effect = Concealing

topo depth path width

horiz. subdiv. vert. subdiv. grid spacing spline factor roof height

SYSTEM OUTPUTS path spline

plaza gen.

Depth = 30” Effect = Concealing

topo depth path width

Slope = 1:1 Effect = Definitive

point of entry

sions

paver planter

mondrian surf.

all surfaces

intimacy

subdivisions

selective surfaces

paver planter as glazing

grid spacing roof height

rain roof

horiz. subdiv. vert. subdiv. spline factor

freedom of motion greenscape percentage

COLUMBIA BUILDING INTELLIGENCE PROJECT site scale energy INTEGRATED DESIGN STUDIO - COLUMBIA GSAPP Depth = 18” SPRING 2012

to p o g r a p h i c d e p t h

000 000 000

number of classrooms freedom of motion greenscape percentage

topography depth

element inputs

atrium element

column grid spacing roof height SYSTEM OUTPUTS

mondrian surf.

all surfaces

selective surfaces

paver planter as glazing

rain roof

freedom of motion

horiz. subdiv. vert. subdiv. spline factor

design system variations

design map

SYSTEM INPUTS circulatory subdivision path width topography depth column grid spacing roof height SYSTEM OUTPUTS

5.5/10 7/10 30%

intimacy

subdivisions

energy

3x 4’ 1.5’ 11’ o/c 57’

greenscape percentage

intimacy freedom of motion greenscape percentage

topo depth path width

grid spacing roof height

kayden plaza generator** omar morales armstrong 2011

mondrian surface* joe brennan 2012

bldg. scale

human scale

mondrian surface* joe brennan 2012

human scale

Slope = 1:4 Effect = Fluid

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012

human

paver planter filter** dolores o’connor 2012 site scale

* feature requested **hacked by team

rain roof caroline lebar 2012 * feature requested **hacked by team

design system variations

design map

cSlope a n=o1:4 py height Effect = Fluid bldg. scale

thesis

COLUMBIA BUILDING INTELLIGENCE PROJECT site scale energy INTEGRATED DESIGN STUDIO - COLUMBIA GSAPP SPRING 2012

building scale

SYSTEM OUTPUTS

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

Effect = Exposing

human scale

site scale

path width

courtyard workflow

paver planter

human scale

building scale

SYSTEM INPUTS circulatory subdivision

plaza gen.

grid spacing roof height

rain roof caroline lebar 2012

building scale

human scale

{collaborative - autonomies}

path spline

Slope = 1:1 Effect = Definitive

topo depth path width

elements design map

design systemthesis variations

7/10 7/10 30%

kayden plaza generator** omar morales armstrong 2011

human scale

roof height

grid spacing roof height

point of entry

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

Depth = 18” Effect = Exposing

column grid spacing

* feature requested **hacked by team

SYSTEM INPUTS

human scale

topography depth

rain roof caroline lebar 2012

* feature requested **hacked by team

t

path width

topo depth path width

rain roof

hydroponic atrium* jenna miller 2012

freedom of motion

000 000 000 000 000

circulatory subdivision

000 000 000

number of classrooms

horiz. subdiv. greenscape percentage vert. subdiv. spline factor

selective surfaces

all surfaces

paver planter as glazing

rain roof caroline lebar 2012

es}

subdivisions

mondrian surf.

paver planter

grid spacing roof height

rain roof

column grid spacing

SYSTEM OUTPUTS

path spline

topo depth path width

selective surfaces

all surfaces

paver planter

grid spacing roof height

topography depth roof height

000 000 000

number of classrooms

horiz. subdiv. greenscape percentage vert. subdiv. spline factor

mondrian surf.

topo depth path width

ain roof

subdivisions

SYSTEM INPUTS

000 000 000 000 000

path width element inputs

atrium element

point of entry

SYSTEM OUTPUTS

path spline

subdivisions

SYSTEM INPUTS circulatory subdivision

courtyard workflow

elements

design system variations

human scale

building scale

site scale

bldg. scale

site scale

bldg. scale

site scale

energy

thesisdesign system variations elements

design map human scale

building scale

site scale

energy

design system variations

design map

design map

• 73


{collaborative - autonomies} d e s i g n wo r k f low

element input element input element input

element

element

element input element input element input

element

element

element input element input element input

element

element

system outputs

system inputs

courtyard system outputs

system inputs

facade

ATRIUM AS MAIN DRIVING ELEMENT

number of atria size of atria location position distance FAR

school atrium size

roof

perimeter buildings community program

shared space

system inputs number of students sf per occupant percentage overlap distance FAR

small school size

environmental input environmental input environmental input

energy modeling

74 â&#x20AC;˘

system outputs

system inputs

system outputs

design variations


geometric outputs

parameter outputs

quanttitative comparison

design scorecard outputs

â&#x20AC;˘ 75


A RC H I T E C T U R A L T E C H N O LO G Y


F I S H S O C K | FA L L 2 011 F a l l 2 011 | M a n , M a c h i n e , a n d t h e I n d u s t r i a l L a n d s c a p e s Instruc tor : Sean Gallagher In collabor ation with: David Seo A f ish hatcher y at the Three Gorges Dam exploiting the r a p i d d i s c h a r g e s t o a c h i e v e u n p r e c e d e n t e d d e n s i t y.

B RO N X FA B - L A B S p r i n g 2 012 | A r c h i t e c t u r a l Te c h n o l o g y V Cr itic: Sandr a McKee In collabor ation with: Ther ese Diede, Damon L au, Samantha Leung T his seven s tor ey lof t building, 28 0 ’ long by 70 ’ deep, is designed for one of the quintessential indus tr ies of New Yo r k : F a s h i o n a n d Te x t i l e s .

TA I C H U N G M E T RO P O L I TA N O P E R A H O U S E S T U DY F a l l 2 012 | E x a l t e d S t r u c t u r e s Ins tr uc tor : Zachar y Kos tur a In collabor ation with: Samantha Leung, Eivind K ar lsen F i n i t e e l e m e n t a n a l y s i s a n d p h y s i c a l m o d e l l i n g o f To y o I t o’s Catanoid structural system

F U L L- B O DY D E S I G N I N T E R FAC E S p r i n g 2 013 | Po s t- P a r a m e t r i c Ins tr uc tor : David Benjamin In collabor ation with: Damon L au, B r ian Lee, David Hacht , Hank Byron U s i n g X B ox K i n e c t a s t h e i n p u t i n t e r f a c e t o m o d e l i n R h i n o


F I S H S O C K | FA L L 2 011

JIANGJIN pop. 1,460,000

BANAN pop. 860,000

YUBEI pop. 800, 000 ZHONGXIAN pop. 980,000

CHANGSHOU pop. 880,000 displaced 100,793

displaced 87,362

DISTANCE: 360 MI

WANZHOU pop. 1,670,000 displaced 236,516

CHONGQING pop. 5,420, 000

FULING pop. 1,100,000

FENGDU pop. 770,000

SHIZHU pop. 510,000

YUNYANG pop. 1,270,000

displaced 101,882

displaced 74,579

displaced 11,447

displaced 157,813

Reser voir - 1993

Reser voir - 2007

D i s p l a c e d Po p u l a t i o n A s t h e T h r e e G o r g e s D a m c a m e o n l i n e i n 2 0 0 9. A r e s e r v o i r o v e r 3 0 0 k m l o n g w a s b a c k e d u p b e t w e e n Y i c h a n g a n d C h o n g q i n g . T h e r i s d w a t e r l e v e l f o r c e d 1, 3 0 0 , 0 0 0 l o c a l h a b i t a n t s t o m o v e ou t of their homes, of ten to higher altitudes where the land is not suit able for agr iculture. Now set tled, the migr ant s have to f ind a new source of food produc tion, not only to satif y their own demands bu t also a s a way to gener ate income.

78 â&#x20AC;˘


f i s h so c k t h e t h r e e go rg e s da m

KAIXIAN pop. 1,500,000 displaced 154,318

WUXI pop. 510,000

XINGSHAN pop. 180,000 displaced 34,033

FENGJIE pop. 990,000

WUSHAN pop. 590,000

BADONG pop. 480,000 displaced 48,141

displaced 123,077

displaced 81,896

ZIGUI 390,000 displaced 94,781

YICHANG pop. 1,300,000

The development of f ish farms near Bohai Sea - 1979 / 2001

Changing Diet: L e s s L a n d , M o r e Wa t e r | L e s s R i c e , M o r e F i s h • • • • •

A n n u a l f i s h c o n s u m p t i o n / c a p i t a = 2 6 .1 K g D i s p l a c e d p o p u l a t i o n t o f e e d = 1, 3 0 0 , 0 0 0 To t a l a n n u a l c o n s u m p t i o n = 33 , 93 0 , 0 0 0 k g F i s h p r o d u c t i o n p e r m 2 = 0 . 3 2 k g /m 2 A r e a r e q u i r e d f o r a q u a c u l t u r e = 10 6 , 69 8 ,113 m 2 • 79


Radius = Area = Count = Total =

80m 2 20,106m 2 185 3,719,610m 2

Radius = Area = Count = Total =

200m 2 125,664m 2 101 12,692,064m 2

Radius = Area = Count = Total =

400m 2 502,656m 2 1 502,656m 2 h y d ro - e l e c t r i c t u r b i n e s

Total Area = 16,914,330m 2 by 6 levels = 106,458,978 m 2 @ 0.32Kg/m 2 34,066,873Kg Annual f ish production

Up Stream, Low Densit y S i n c e t h e r i v e r ’s r a t e o f f l o w i s t h e l o w e s t a t t h e d a m , ox y g e n a n d o t h e r n u t r i e n t s , v i t a l t o s u s t a i n a q u a t i c l i f e , c a n n o t r e f r e s h f a s t e n o u g h f o r a h i g h d e n s i t y h a t c h e r y. C o n s e q u e n t l y, t h e d e n s i t y o f t h e f i s h p o p u l a t i o n i s l i m i t e d t o o n l y 0 . 3 2 k g /m 2 .

80 •


Carr ying capacity 18 Kg/m 3 Total volume of hatcher y 1,892,604m3

f i s h h atch e ry

Number of turbines 26 Rate of discharge 600m3 - 950m3 Volume of an individual hatcher y 79,792m3 Rate of exchange 83 seconds

c v e r f low

da m

f i s h h atch e ry

Down Stream, High Density I f o x y g e n a n d n u t r i e n t s w e r e p l e n t i f u l , t h e d e n s i t y o f t h e f i s h f a r m c a n r e a c h 2 0 K g /m 3 b e f o r e social problems ar ise and af fec t yield. If the hatcher ies are linked to the tur bines, captur ing t h e d i s c h a r g e a s a w a y t o r a p i d l y r e f r e s h t h e w a t e r, t h e n t h e c a r r y i n g c a p a c i t y c a n b e g r e a t l y increased.

â&#x20AC;˘ 81


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• 87


TA I C H U N G M E T RO P O L I TA N O P E R A H O U S E S T U DY | FA L L 2 012

f i n i t e e l e m e n t a n a ly s i s o f toyo i to ’ s ta i c h u n g m e t r o p o l i ta n o p e r a h o u s e

88 •


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If we spend so much of our wak ing lives inter ac ting with digit al screens , why is the inter face a l w a y s a s l i m i t i n g a s a m o u s e a n d k e y b o a r d ? C o m p u t e r i n t e r a c t i o n a n d a r c h i t e c t â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s d i g i t a l t o o l s have a new emer ging posibilit y in high resolu tion motion sensing. This tool as an inter face allows t h e d e s i g n e r t o m o d e l v i r t u a l g e o m e t r y a t 1:1 s c a l e i n r e a l w o r l d s p a c e .

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• 91


U LT R A S T R U C T U R E F a l l 2 012 A d v a n c e d S t u d i o V: N e a r - I n f r a s t r u c t u r a l A r c h i t e c t u r e Professor : Michael Bell


A f ive thousand feet long housing projec t in the concept of a compressed atmosphere.

Semi- ou tdoor spaces make up the major it y of the building. A thin E TFE roof membr ane encloses a r ich inter ior jus t as the thin ephemer al layer of atmosphere that maint ains the r ich environment of our planet amid the vaccum of space. Inside t h i s 3 0 f e e t i n t e r i o r, t h e e f f e c t s o f o u r 11k m h i g h a t m o s p h e r e is reproduced. Evapor ation, Condensation, Covec tion, Conduc tion, Desalination, make up the sys tem of Ultr as tr uc ture. The semi- ou tdoor spaces inhabit a realm bet ween architec ture and landscape. These spaces , both indoor and ou tdoor har bor the potential to become new environment s that def y the common notion of indoor shelter and ou tdoor landscape.


Rem Koolhaas - “Mutations” Sanford Kwinter & Daniela Fabricius 1. Generica 2. Contact with America c u pe rt i n o c i t y h a l l oct

12, 2012

Instead of looking at where obag is providing affordable units, we should look for where the low-income demographic actually are.

A c c o r d i n g t o t h e O B AG p l a n , C u p e r t i n o’s e i g h t y e a r h o u s i n g e l e m e n t i s 103 5 u n i t s . Tw o t h i r d s o f w h i c h s h o u l d b e b e l o w m a r k e t r a t e , w h i c h m a k e s 69 0 a f f o r d a b l e u n i t s . T h e d e n s i t y f o r t h i s d e v e l o p m e n t s h o u l d b e 2 0 u n i t s /a c r e . C u r r e n t l y, t h e r e a r e 8 p e o p l e i n C u p e r t i n o o n t h e w a i t i n g list. Silicon valley ha s the one of the highes t concentr ation of mobile home communities in the wes t c o a s t . “ I n S a n F r a n c i s c o’s S i l i c o n Va l l e y . . . i n 19 9 9, 3 4 % o f S i l i c o n Va l l e y ’s 10 , 0 0 0 h o m e l e s s h a d f u l l t i m e j o b s . . . m a n y w e r e e a r n i n g m o r e t h a n $ 5 0 K p e r y e a r.” 94 •


â&#x20AC;&#x153;The second fastest growing categor y of housing in America over the last 2 decades has been mobile homes. More than 1 in 7 of the nations residences today is mobile â&#x20AC;?

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Market Value

Market Value

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Time

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Personal Proper ty: Land

Time

If both the real proper ty and the personal p r o p e r t y c a n a c t i v e l y p r o d u c e c o m m o d i t y, then their value can be func tion of quant at ative production.

â&#x20AC;˘ 95


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H O U S E d o e s n ’ t s i m p l y b e c o m e a p e r s o n a l p r o p e r t y, w h i c h w o u l d d e p r e c i a t e r a p i d l y o v e r t i m e . I t t akes on the role of a manufac tured machine that can capture and tr ansmit elec tr ic tiy wirelessly on site. L AN D doesn’ t simply become a featur eless r eal es t ate , w hose value is ex posed to the f luc tuations o f t h e m a r k e t . I t i s i n v e s t e d w i t h e c o l o g i c a l l a b o r, a n a b i l i t y t o c o n v e r t s e a w a t e r i n t o d r i n k i n g water through desalination.

• 97


t ro p os p h e r e :

11k m

s e c t i o n o f t h e e a rt h â&#x20AC;&#x2122; s at m os p h e r e

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98 â&#x20AC;˘


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0 km

11 k

m

120

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D r a w i n g s b y 19 t h c e n t u r y E n g l i s h m e t e o r o l o g i s t J a m e s G l a i s h e r. G l a i s h e r c a r r i e d o u t 2 8 m e t e o r o l o g i c a l o b s e r v a t i o n e x p e d i t i o n s b y b a l o o n . O v e r t h e c o u r s e t h i s 1. 5 h o u r, 8 0 k m f l i g h t o n J u n e 2 6 , 18 6 3 , h e e n c o u n t e r e d r a i n , t h u n d e r, a n d f o g , a n d e x p e r i e n c e d t e m p e r a t u r e e x t r e m e s from the summer heat to the winter chill.

â&#x20AC;˘ 99


co m p r e ss e d t ro p os p h e r e :

30 f t

co n ce p t ua l b u i l d i n g s e c t i o n

5,000 ft. full building section

The ef fec t s of the tropopher e ha s been compr essed down to a height of 30 feet . Evapor ation, Condensation, Covec tion, Conduc tion, Desalination, make up the sys tem of Ultr as tr uc ture. The ground is freed from infr us tr uc ture, and is reclaimed by br ine and vegetation.

100 â&#x20AC;˘


30 ft.

• 101


Adobe Systems

San Jose

9,925

Software

4.21

Advanced Micro Devices

Sunnyvale

11,705

Semiconductors

6.57

Agilent Technologies

Santa Clara

18,700

Medical

6.62

Apple Inc.

Cupertino

60,400

Computers, Electronics

108.25

Applied Materials

Santa Clara

13,000

Semiconductors

10.50

Cisco Systems

San Jose

71,825

Network

46.06

eBay

San Jose

27,770

Website

11.65

Google

Mountain View

54,604

Internet

37.91

Hewlett-Packard

Palo Alto

349,600

Computers, Electronics

127.24

Intel

Santa Clara

100,100

Semiconductors

54.00

Intuit

Mountain View

8,000

Software

3.85

Juniper Networks

Sunnyvale

9,129

Network

4.49

KLA Tencor

Milpitas

5,800

Semiconductors

3.20

LSI Logic

Milpitas

4,730

Semiconductors

2.04

Maxim Integrated Products

San Jose

9,300

Integrated Circuits

2.40

National Semiconductor

Santa Clara

5,800

Semiconductors

1.42

NetApp

Sunnyvale

12,000

Data

6.23

Nvidia

Santa Clara

6,029

Semiconductors

3.99

Oracle Corporation

Redwood City

115,166

Enterprise service

37.10

Salesforce.com

San Francisco

8,335

Enterprise service

2.27

SanDisk

Milpitas

3,939

Data

5.66

Sanmina-SCI

San Jose

48,000

Electrtonic Manufacturing

6.32

Symantec

Mountain View

20,500

Software

6.19

Yahoo!

Sunnyvale

12,000

Internet

A10 Networks

San Jose

400

Network

Altera

San Jose

2,884

Integrated Circuits

Atmel

San Jose

5,100

Semiconductors

1.80

Brocade Communications Systems

San Jose

5,000

Network

2.15

Cypress Semiconductor

San Jose

3,495

Semiconductors

0.97

Electronic Arts

Redwood City

7,645

Gaming

4.14

Facebook

Palo Alto

3,500

Social Networking

3.71

Fairchild Semiconductor

San Jose

9,000

Semiconductor

1.60

Foundry Networks

Santa Clara

1,100

Network

0.61

Hitachi Data Systems

Santa Clara

5,300

Data

1.00

Hitachi Global Storage Tech.

San Jose

45,000

Data

4.80

IDEO

Palo Alto

550

Design Innovation

0.10

Intuitive Surgical

Sunnyvale

935

Medical

0.60

LinkedIn

Mountain View

2,447

Social Networking

0.52

Mozilla

Mountain View

Network

1.04

Netflix

Los Gatos

2,348

Website

3.20

Ning

Palo Alto

100

Social Networking

0.03

Playdom

Palo Alto

470

Gaming

0.05

PlayPhone

San Jose

Gaming

0.10

Quantcast

San Francisco

Advertising

1.00

Rambus

Sunnyvale

Semiconductor

0.20

Riverbed Technology

San Francisco

1,244

Network

0.55

Silicon Graphics

Fremont

1,155

Semiconductors

0.34

Silicon Image

Sunnyvale

SRI International

Menlo Park

SunPower Synopsys Inc.

100

4.98 Proposal Site: Salt Pond A8 0.10

Cuper tino

2.06

Semiconductors

0.07

2,200

Research & Development

0.58

San Jose

5,220

Solar Energy

2.30

Mountain View

6,700

Software

1.38

Tibco Software

Palo Alto

2,500

Software

0.92

Tesla Motors

Palo Alto

1,400

Automotives

0.20

Twitter

San Francisco

900

Social Networking

VMware

Palo Alto

11,200

Software

Vocera

San Jose

130

Wireless

Xilinx

San Jose

3,145

Integrated Circuits

1.82

YouTube (acquired by Google)

San Bruno

Website

3.60

Yelp, Inc.

San Francisco

150

Website

0.08

Zoran Corporation

Sunnyvale

1,411

Semiconductor

0.44

102 •

0.14

3.77 ters Tech Corp. Headquar 0.80

Mobile Home Communities


Infrastructure

Water Treatment Plant Recycling Plant Infrastructure collection/conversion Quarr y

Nature

Nature

Salt Ponds

s t u dy s i t e

$ 4,980,000,000

Net App:

$ 6,230,000,000

Brocade:

$ 2,130,000,000

LRTInfrastructure transportation

Tech Offices

Tech .Off ices

Tech Offices

Yahoo:

Hw yInfrastructure 237 transportation

Mobile Homes Community & Medium Density Residential

Willow Ranch: Cape Cod Village:

236 spaces 188 spaces

Total area: Density:

50 acres 8.5 units/acre

Price Range: $40,000 ~ $180,000

Commercial

Commercial

Mobile Home Community & Medium Density Residential

Mobile Home Communities

Hw yInfrastructure 101 transportation

High tech of f ices and mobile home in silicon valley are of ten located where land pr ices are the cheapes t . This is usually near the Bay side per imeter of the cities . A interes ting site condition is created where B illion dollar companies are situated within a mile from low income housing, while both are compressed bet ween an s t ate highway and the augmented landscape of the San F r a n c i s c o B a y.

â&#x20AC;˘ 103


2. Server Tube: 48 x 1350 BTU/hr

1. Salt Water: 20 psu, 8 °C

4: Condensation: 100% RH

3: Evaporation + Desalination: 28°C

5: Consumption

104 •


N

site pl an

Cargill 134 billion

Apple 108 billion

The salt ponds are owned nationally and oper ated pr ivately by the Car gill Group, which has an a n n u a l r e v e n u e o f $13 4 b i l l i o n . T h e s e r v e r s a r e o w n e d a n d o p e r a t e d p r i v a t e l y b y A p p l e , w h i c h h a s a n a n n u a l r e v e n u e o f $10 8 billion.

â&#x20AC;˘ 105


u lt r a s t r u c t u r e d i ag r a m

1 5

4

3

2

1. salt water : 20 psu, 8°c 2. ser ver tube: 48 x 1350 btu/hr 3: evaporation and desalination: 28°C 4: condensation: 100% rh 5: consumption

Elements

Wa l l s Floors Roofs Floors Columns Arches Va u l t s Openings 106 •

Composition

Heat Moisture Light Elec trons Wa t e r Iner tia Albedo

Sy mmetr y Randomization Addition Subtraction Inclusion Superposition Jux taposition

Convec tion Conduction Radiation Evaporation Conver sion Pressure


pl an

s e c t i o n : d e s a l i n at i o n

s e c t i o n : e va p o r at i o n

s e c t i o n : e va p o r at i o n

G e n e r a l l y s p e a k i n g t h e f l o o r p l a n a n d t h e r o o f p l a n a r e d r a w n s e p a r a t e l y. B u t a s o n e endeavor ed to design a space on land that included the cur r ent weather conditions , clouds and l a n d w o u l d h a v e t o b e s h o w n s i m u l t a n e o u s l y, l i k e a w e a t h e r m a p . F o r t h i s b u i l d i n g , t h e r o o f a n d t h e f l o o r b e l o w a r e d r a w n s i m u l t a n e o u s l y, o n e o n t o p o f a n o t h e r.

â&#x20AC;˘ 107


to p : s a lt m a r s h b ot to m : s e m i - o u t d o o r

108 â&#x20AC;˘


s e m i -t h r e s h h o l d

Semi- ou tdoor spaces make up the major it y of the building. A thin E TFE roof membr ane encloses a r ich inter ior jus t as the thin ephemer al layer of atmosphere that maint ains the r ich environment o f o u r p l a n e t a m i d t h e v a c c u m o f s p a c e . I n s i d e t h i s 3 0 f e e t i n t e r i o r, t h e e f f e c t s o f o u r 11k m h i g h atmosphere is reproduced. Evapor ation, Condensation, Covec tion, Conduc tion, Desalination, make up the sys tem of Ultr as tr uc ture. The semi- ou tdoor spaces inhabit a realm bet ween architec ture and landscape. These spaces , both indoor and ou tdoor har bor the potential to become new environment s that def y the common notion of indoor shelter and ou tdoor landscape.

â&#x20AC;˘ 109


S I L H O U E T T E C I N E M AT H E Q U E S p r i n g 2 013 | A d v a n c e d S t u d i o V I : D i c t i o n a r y o f R e c e i v e d I d e a s C r i t i c : E n r i q u e Wa l k e r I n C o l l a b o r a t i o n w i t h : P a b l o F e r n a n d e z -V i l l a v e r d e , S a r a h Ly o n , Ye h - S e n S u


The s tudio at temps to redif ine received ideas . Af ter the selec tion of the cliche of the Silhouet te building, a f lat ex tr usion of r econgnizable f igue, our team adapted the or iginal concept to the a ssigned progr am, a cinematheque. In our projec t , we r ever t the conventional under s t anding of the received idea by using the following guidelines: 01. D i s c i p l i n e d I n t e r s e c t i o n B e t w e e n S e r v i n g a n d S e r v e d 02. Spir al Circulation 03 : F o y e r C a t e g o r i z a t i o n 04: Ur ban Acupunc ture 0 5 : Tr a n s g r e s s i o n t h e C l i c h e


S I L H O U E T T E C I N E M AT H E Q U E 1. 0

+10 m P lan 1. C inema 2. O pen to B elow 3. C lassrooms 0

5

10

5

10

20

30

40

20

30

40

50

+21 m P lan 1. C inema 2. O pen to B elow 3. O utdoor C inema 4. E xhibition 5. P rojection B ooth 6. C inema F oyer 0

6.5

23.1

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14.2

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2.0

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112 â&#x20AC;˘

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5

10

10

20

20

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30

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c u t a xo n o m e t r i c

• 113


1. Cinema 2. Administration 3. Outdoor Cinema 4. Exhibition / Archive 5. Classrooms 6. Cafe 7. Entrance 8. Lobby

0

114 â&#x20AC;˘

5

10

20

30

40

50


6

10

8

7

20

30

40

50

D

on, 5 - classrooms, 6 - cafe, 7 - entrance, 8 - lobby

D section D-D

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5

10

20

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â&#x20AC;˘ 115


s k i n a n d e n v e lo pe co n d i t i o n s

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1

Follows silhouette but is discontinuous in its extrusion Follows silhoutte but

33 Wrap creates a double

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5

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Tightly wrapping program - follows silhoutte shape

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frame and Wrapper doesbetween not follow frame and creates space wrapper between frame and wrapper

relationships

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program, uette shape

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relationships louver and screen

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116 â&#x20AC;˘

relationships louver and screen


a xo n o m e t r i c co r e a n d p ro g r a m

â&#x20AC;˘ 117


a d m i n i s t r at i v e pac k ag e

ac a d e m i c pac k ag e

e x h i b i t i o n pac k ag e

118 â&#x20AC;˘


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â&#x20AC;˘ 119


S I L H O U E T T E C I N E M AT H E Q U E 2 . 0

REDEFINED RECEIVED IDEA

RECEIVED IDEA

STRUCTURAL CONCEPT: CINEMAS

RECEIVED IDEA

REDEFINED RECEIVED IDEA

RECEIVED IDEA

co n v e n t i o n a l u s e o f t h e s i l h o u e t t e

t r a n sg r e ss i o n o f t h e s i l h o u e t t e

The silhouet te is at the same time the main s tr uc ture of the building and the space for the “back o f t h e h o u s e ”, a l l t h e s e r v i n g s p a c e s t h a t a r e n o t a p a r t o f t h e r e l a t i o n b e t w e e n c i r c u l a t i o n a n d cinemas. The silhouet te spans six s tr uc tur al walls that provide for mal and or ganizational freedom for cinema s and rou te conf igur ation.

120 •


s i t e s t r at e g y

48th St

10th Ave 10th Ave

48th St

SITE PLAN AND ELEVATION SITE PLAN AND ELEVATION

47th St 47th St

SITE AXON

T h e c i n e m a t e q u e i s l o c a t e d i n a s t a n d a r d n e i g h b o r h o o d i n s i d e t h e N Y u r b a n f a b r i c g r i d ( H e l l ’s K i t c h e n) . T h i s m i n i m u m u r b a n i n t e r v e n t i o n a i m s t o g e n e r a t e a m a x i m u m e f f e c t c r e a t i n g a r e c o g n i z a b l e s y m b o l o f c u l t u r a l i d e n t i t y f o r a g e n e r i c c o m m u n i t y.

• 121


c i n e m a pat h s

indoor spir al

outdoor spir al

pat h a n d scr e e n s

The indoor spir al circulates along the per ipher y of four indoor cinemas, either behind screens or por jec tion booths or beside the audience, and across the inside of the treys . The ou tdoor spir al circulates across the roof of the tr eys , connec t s t wo ou tdoor cinema s at the t o p . T h e p u b l i c c a n a c c e s s t h e s e t w o c i n e m a s w i t h o u t e v e r e n t e r i n g t h e b u i l d i n g ’s i n t e r i o r. The cinematheque is a public exper ience of circulating “ through” cinemas . The cinematic exper ience would leak ou t into the circulation and the foyer tr eys to ac tivate them 122 •


• 123


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• 127


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• 129


Outdoor Cinema 01 / Semi-Exposed 154 Seats 1. Education 2. Circulation 3. Roof

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Indoor Cinema 04 / Seminar 70 Seats 1. Education 2. Circulation

Circulation System

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Indoor Cinema 02 / Main + Auditorium 146 Seats 1. Bookstore 2. Circulation 3. Education

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Outdoor Cinema 02 / Open Air 66 Seats

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Indoor Cinema 03 / Performance 74 Seats

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Indoor Cinema 01 / Entrance Billboard

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â&#x20AC;˘ 131


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new environments