a visit to the past
Collection “Aprender sobre história também é coisa de criança”
This book is complementary material for heritage education activities, foreseen in the project ‘’Aprender sobre história também é coisa de criança’’, carried out by the Coordenadoria das Fortalezas da Ilha de Santa Catarina, a sector linked to the Secretaria de Cultura e Arte of the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Free distribution. Prohibited sale.
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Rector: Ubaldo Cesar Balthazar Vice-Rector: Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann Secretary of Culture and Art: Maria de Lourdes Alves Borges Secretary of Distance Education: Luciano Patrício Souza de Castro Coordinator of the Fortresses of the Island of Santa Catarina: Salvador Norberto Gomes Pedagogical conception, research and text: Dalânea Cristina Flôr Pedagogical support: Maria Carolina Beltran, Marielly Agatha Machado and Roque Lemos Content review: Roberto Tonera and Fabio Bianchini English translation: Agatha Pereira Garcia Braga Editorial project coordination: Luciano Patrício Souza de Castro Graphic design: Luciano Patrício Souza de Castro and Sonia Trois Diagramming: Sonia Trois Illustrations: Sonia Trois and Renata Valentini Photos of the fortresses: Edinice Mei Silva and Jones Bastos/AGECOM Photographs from the digital album: Photographic Collection of the Coordination of The Fortresses of the Island of Santa Catarina/SECARTE/UFSC Watercolors Photos: Rafael Poletto Dutra Achievement:
a visit to the past
Augmented Reality: Throughout the book there are codes like this that give access to extra content. To view them, download the app Zappar on your phone or tablet and point them to codes to load the contents (you need to have an internet connection).
Florianópolis UFSC 2019
Download the app Zappar on your phone or tablet.
Hello! I’m the majestic frigate also known as man-o’-war bird. I will tell you about the arrival of the Portuguese and the beginning of the fortresses of the island of Santa Catarina, where me and my colleagues love to fly.
Indigenous peoples were the first inhabitants of the island.
They lived of hunting, fishing, collecting fruits, roots and had small plantations.
They lived in villages. Now draw what you think these villages were like. 6
In the meantime... Some people sailed in caravels through the seas in search of land to extract their riches. The people that disputed the region of the island were the Portuguese and the Spanish.
Shall we paint these caravels?
The Portuguese were the first explorers occupying the island. This started over 300 years ago, when Francisco Dias Velho arrived bringing his family, some african and indigenous slaves, continuing later with the coming of other families. This first settlement was called Nossa Senhora do Desterro.
Access the Augmented Reality to visualize the arrival of the Portuguese. 10
The indigenous population who lived on the island was decreasing as different explorers passed through the region.
When the Portuguese arrived, many indigenous people had already been killed or taken as slaves by different navigators. Some went to live on the mainland to protect themselves from attacks and others were enslaved by the Portuguese.
With the Spaniards still interested in take the island of the Portuguese, Portugal sent the Brigadier José da Silva Paes to build a fortress and protect that territory. He built a defense system formed by four fortresses.
Don’t confuse the Brigadier of this history with those chocolate candies, delicious, which have the same name in Brazil. Brigadier, in this story, means the commander of a brigade. What’s a brigade? It can be said that brigade is a set of soldiers.
As the fortresses of Santa Cruz de Anhatomirim, Santo Antônio de Ratones and São José da Ponta Grossa formed a triangle and protected the North Bar of the Island, the Fortaleza da Nossa Senhora da Conceição de Araçatuba was built to protect the South Bar of the Island.
Island of Santa Catarina
Go to Augmented Reality to view the fortresses that protected the North Bar of the island. 18
With the construction of the fortresses, the Portuguese believed that the island was protected against the Spaniards, but they were wrong!
In 1777, the Spaniards arrived with many men, weapons and vessels. They landed in Canasvieiras Beach and by land, without any confrontation, took the island.
Shall we paint these vessels?
The possession of the Island of Santa Catarina by the Spaniards lasted only a year and a half. During this period, the Portuguese disputed other lands with the Spaniards. Therefore, to solve the conflicts, the two crowns have made a deal: Portugal would be with the Island of Santa Catarina and Spain with the Colony of Sacramento (desired land by both, located in Uruguay).
Shall we paint this image?
Resolved this dispute between the two peoples, were no longer necessary fortresses to defend the island. Then, the four fortifications idealized by the Brigadier gradually were being abandoned. With the abandonment there was depredation, theft of woods and tiles, the vegetation grew, walls collapsed and the fortresses turned into ruins. Fortress of São José da Ponta
Grossa in 1991, before restorati
Go to Augmented Reality to view the Fortress of São José da Ponta Grossa rebuilt. 26
To protect the fortresses, they were declared National Historical Heritage. Over time researchers began to become concerned about the possibility of disappearance of these constructions and the forgetfulness of this part of history. So they started research to identify who had lived there, what they ate, what habits they had, what materials and techniques they used to build the fortresses, for then rebuild them. Archeology work in the Fortress of São José da Ponta Gros
sa in 1989.
From 1979, the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC) adopted the three fortresses of North Bar. They were rebuilt, but no more to protect the island from territorial disputes, but to be open- air museums, with the objective of recounting this part of the history for its visitors and keep the memory alive.
To learn more Anais do Museu de Antropologia - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - 1987/1988. Banco de Dados Internacional sobre Fortificações: www.fortalezas.org Coordenadoria das Fortalezas da Ilha de Santa Catarina: www.fortalezas.ufsc.br CONCEIÇÃO, Eleutério Nicolau da. Nossa Senhora do Desterro - Os primeiros Anos. Florianópolis, Ed. Do Autor, 2015. NÖTZOLD, A. L. V.; ROSA, H. A. (Org.) ; BRINGMANN, S. F. (Org.). Etnohistória, História Indígena e Educação: contribuições ao debate. 1. ed. Porto Alegre: Pallotti, 2012. v. 1. 406p. TONERA, Roberto; OLIVEIRA, Mário Mendonça de (Org.). As defesas da Ilha de Santa Catarina e do Rio Grande de São Pedro em 1786 de José Correia Rangel. 2.ed.rev. Florianópolis: Ed. da UFSC, 2015. VEIGA, Eliane Veras da. Florianópolis memória urbana. Terceira Edição. Florianópolis: Fundação Franklin Cascaes, 2010.
Coordination of The Fortresses firstname.lastname@example.org - (48) 3721-8302
Catalogação na fonte pela Biblioteca Universitária da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Fortresses of the Island : a visit to the past / Coordenadoria das Fortalezas da Ilha de Santa Catarina, Secretaria de Cultura e Arte da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina ; pedagogical conception, research and text: Dalânea Cristina Flôr ; illustrations: Sonia Trois and Renata Valentini. – Florianópolis : UFSC, 2021. 28 p. – (Aprender sobre história também é coisa de criança ; 1) ISBN 978-65-87206-83-7 1. Fortificações – Santa Catarina, Ilha de (SC). 2. Santa Catarina, Ilha de (SC) – História. I. Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Secretaria de Cultura e Arte. II. Flôr, Dalânea Cristina. III. Trois, Sonia. IV. Valentini, Renata. V. Série. CDU: 355.424.1(816.4) Elaborada pelo bibliotecário Fabrício Silva Assumpção – CRB-14/1673