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Center for Land Use Education Annual Report July 2017 - June 2018

The Center for Land Use Educa on annual report includes ac vi es from July 2017 through June 2018. This report is available on the CLUE website on the About Us page: All photos are courtesy of CLUE. An EEO/AA employer, University of Wisconsin Stevens Point and Extension provides equal opportuni es in employment and programming, including Title IX, Title VI and American with Disabili es (ADA) requirements. La Universidad de Wisconsin-Extensión, un empleador con igualdad de oportunidades y acción afirma va (EEO/AA), proporciona igualdad de oportunidades en empleo y programas, incluyendo los requisitos del Título IX (Title IX), Título VI (Title VI) y de la Ley para Americanos con Discapacidades (ADA). Copyright © 2018 by the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System, d/b/a the Division of Coopera ve Extension of the University of Wisconsin-Extension.


Center ProďŹ le The Center for Land Use Education (CLUE) is a joint venture of the College of Natural Resources at the University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point and University of Wisconsin - Coopera ve Extension (UW-Extension) in collabora on with UW System ins tu ons. It is a focal point for land use planning and management educa on, and represents the Wisconsin Idea at its best: The borders of the state are truly the border of the center’s work. CLUE was established in 2000 to provide learning opportuni es related to land use and associated topics. Land use is impacted by a complex, and changing set of issues that impact how we ul mately use the land. CLUE specialists, with input from our partners, con nue to provide up-to-date, comprehensive educa on to help individuals and communi es make well-informed land use decisions that result in a sustainable Wisconsin.

Mission CLUE creates learning opportuni es for communi es to help them make sound land use decisions resul ng in a sustainable Wisconsin.

Vision Individuals and communi es make well-informed land use decisions with conďŹ dence. Their decisions are legally, ethically, ecologically and economically sound.

Staff Profiles Anna Haines is the director of the center, a professor and a land use and community development specialist. Haines received her Ph.D. from UW-Madison in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning. Her extension, research and teaching focuses on planning and community development from a natural resources or environmental perspec ve, which includes comprehensive planning and plan implementa on tools, such as zoning, and sustainable communi es.

Karen Blaha is a program associate. She holds an M.S. in Educa on from Northern Illinois University. She has a strong interest and is involved in local, sustainable food ini a ves. Blaha supports CLUE staff and assists with publica ons and projects related to land use, sustainability and community food systems.

Shiba Kar is an assistant professor and a sustainable energy specialist. Kar earned his Ph.D. in Forest Resources from Pennsylvania State University. He has a strong background and interest in teaching, collabora ve research and outreach in energy policy and natural resources sustainability.

Lynn Markham is a shoreland and land use specialist. Markham has an M.S. in Biochemistry from the University of Oregon. Her extension work focuses on land use tools and techniques to protect drinking water, lakes and streams; zoning and boards of adjustment/appeals; and sustainable communi es. To assist communi es, Markham provides research-based informa on, policy op ons and community case studies.

Rebecca Roberts is a land use specialist. She has an M.U.P. in Urban Planning from the University of Illinois. Roberts provides training workshops for plan commissions, elected officials and other local land use officials. She also assists communi es with comprehensive planning, public par cipa on, plan implementa on and the fiscal impacts of land use decisions.

Aaron Thompson is an associate professor and specialist. He received a Ph.D. from Purdue University and an M.S. in Natural Resource Planning. His extension, teaching and research focuses on using social data to understand key a tudinal characteris cs that mo vate agricultural landowners to engage in conserva on efforts, to expand the use of spa al analysis techniques to visualize and respond to land use trends, and to iden fy pathways for improving public par cipa on in the planning process.



Student Success

Students in Shiba Kar’s Energy Policy and Technology class had a hands on opportunity to learn about the We Energies’ Rothschild Biomass Cogenera on Plant at the Domtar Rothschild Paper Mill in Rothschild, WI.

The UW-Stevens Point natural resource planning major in the College of Natural Resources (CNR) prepares students to guide ci zens in making community decisions, with a firm understanding of natural resource knowledge and social science skills. This ensures that our future planning professionals have a solid understanding of land use planning and its emerging challenges.

Teaching CLUE faculty, Anna Haines, Aaron Thompson and Shiba Kar hold par al appointments in the College of Natural Resources. They teach a variety of courses including seven courses for the Natural Resource Planning major, four courses for the Sustainable Energy minor and two courses for graduate students. Graduate students work with faculty on mul ple projects. Rebecca Roberts and Lynn Markham par cipate as guest lecturers. They cover topics in public par cipa on, placemaking, land use, zoning, pes cides, and lakeshore management.

Internships All Natural Resource Planning students are required to complete an internship. Haines oversees the program and currently monitors about 12 student internships. In the summer she visits each student in Wisconsin. Students work at federal, state, county and city agencies. They also work at land trusts and other organiza ons.

Tamara Carolfi, intern at Manitowoc County Planning and Zoning Department, at a Gravel Pit


The future of planning is cultivated on the UW-Stevens Point campus. Service Learning Many Natural Resource Planning courses include service-learning components. Anna Haines, Shiba Kar and Aaron Thompson create opportuni es for students to engage directly with communi es across Wisconsin. Students from the capstone class and the planning tools class worked with the City of Stevens Point to contribute applied spa al, policy, and social science research for future development scenarios. The primary emphasis of this analysis was to generate ideas so residents and others can consider new pa erns of development as the City of Stevens Point grows to the east. The students presented their subdivisions and community research in Stevens Point through a workshop at the Idea Center in downtown Stevens Point.

Students discuss their research on future development ideas for the City of Stevens Point

Students in the Energy policy course learned, compared and analyzed energy policies with other states and informed Wisconsin policy makers and local governments to make be er policies. Climate change students completed four projects on climate adapta on planning for four Wisconsin tribal communi es. Kar’s Energy Technology students also had a hands-on opportunity to learn about solar panel installa on at the Midwest Renewable Energy Associa on.

Shiba Kar’s students assembling a solar array at the Midwest Renewable Energy Associa on, Custer, WI

8 Student Organiza ons Aaron Thompson is the faculty advisor for the Land Conserva on Society. The purpose of this organiza on is to assist the North Central Conservancy Trust (NCCT) and other Wisconsin Land Trusts in support of their missions to conserve land. Students help monitor proper es during the ďŹ scal year, help with land stewardship, and provide public rela ons updates on NCCT’s website, Facebook and Twi er feeds. Many Natural Resources Planning majors par cipate in this student led organiza on.

Genevieve Adamski, Reina Owecke, Zach Jones, Ma Brabender, and Maryssa Fenwick were recipients of a gi from William R. Kreznor allowing them to a end the State Land Trust Conference.


Lynn Markham, CLUE’s Shoreland and Land Use Specialist presen ng to a group about land use and water protec on in partnership with the Master Naturalist Program at Upham Woods in Wisconsin Dells, WI.

As a part of UW-Extension, CLUE represents the Wisconsin Idea through our work in communi es across the state. CLUE’s extension work is organized into three areas: training, publica ons and applied research.

TRAINING CLUE provides training around the state on a variety of topics with emphasis on planning and zoning, community development and sustainability.

Planning and Zoning CLUE provides up-to-date, comprehensive training on planning and zoning that is targeted to specific local needs and interests. CLUE staff also regularly respond to land use ques ons from planning and zoning staff, past workshop par cipants, and others throughout the state. Rebecca Roberts conducts statewide Plan Commission workshops and related educa on. From July 2017 to June 2018, Roberts delivered five plan commission workshops with emphasis on plan commission roles and responsibili es, comprehensive planning, zoning, subdivision regula ons, and procedural responsibili es. These five workshops reached over 250 local officials represen ng over 77 units of government. Roberts also partnered with the University of Wisconsin - Green Bay Con nuing Educa on to develop a session for the annual Master Academy for Civic and Public Affairs. The session focused on public par cipa on and included interac ve exercises designed to help par cipants explain the vision and purpose of their planning effort, who to involve and how to get started. The Master Academy is a ended by elected and appointed officials in emerging leadership posi ons.


10 CLUE Plan Commission and Zoning Board Workshops Over the Years October 2012 - June 2018

Lynn Markham leads the development of Zoning Board workshops emphasizing the roles of the zoning board and the legal standards for their decisions, the science and economics behind shoreland zoning and recent case law. Four Zoning Board Workshops were held throughout the state. Zoning workshops reached approximately 175 par cipants represen ng 61 units of government. She also provided legal zoning board updates to 50 county zoning staff at their statewide conference. Markham delivered seven shoreland and floodplain zoning presenta ons to over 300 people including county staff and elected officials, water front property owners and Master Naturalists. Topics included shoreland and floodplain zoning codes as well as he impact of land use on river and lake health. Markham also presented legisla ve updates regarding zoning changes for approximately 100 county zoning staff members at two mee ngs of the Wisconsin County Code Administrators. Anna Haines, with the assistance of two graphic arts students, converted the original Land Use Game into a board game prototype tled, Zone! The Land Use Game. The game, designed to be fun and interac ve, involves par cipants in developing two communi es, one unplanned and one planned. Discussion explores the issues and challenges of community growth and change, and community coopera on and conflict. The game has been presented to and is designed for students, officials and community members who have limited knowledge of land use planning and zoning. Over 100 individuals have par cipated in the ac vity. Future par cipants will try out the newly designed prototype before it goes to publica on. Based on the posi ve response of par cipants playing The Land Use Game, Anna Haines and Lynn Markham developed a shoreland zoning version.

ZONE! The Land Use Game

11 CLUE has used this version of the land use game with students and workshop par cipants. This version focuses on shoreland zoning and lake health. The shoreland version will be piloted over the next 12 - 24 months.

Community Development Land use has an impact on Wisconsin waters. One part of CLUE’s work helps decision makers understand these connec ons and make informed decisions. Rebecca Roberts and Aaron Thompson worked in partnership with the Alliance for the Great Lakes to facilitate mul -sector community conversa ons in the Green Bay and Lower Fox River Basin. The group is focused on developing a community vision, building community capacity and suppor ng common ac on. A kickoff mee ng was held in June 2017, followed by six sector roundtables throughout the fall and spring. Over 260 community stakeholders represen ng research, non-government and civic organiza ons, local government, agriculture, and business interests a ended. A culmina ng event brought together representa ves from all sectors at Lambeau Field on March 6, 2018. The group iden fied 11 ideas for collabora ve ac on in the basin and sketched out a roadmap for implementa on. Par cipants commi ed to serve on ac on teams. Work is ongoing to implement the plans.

Green Bay and Lower Fox River Basin Community Roundtables

Sustainability CLUE is regularly involved in sustainability issues. Shiba Kar has consistently focused on sustainability and climate change ma ers. Kar presented workshops on home energy efficiency, climate change adapta on issues and con nues to work with local government on sustainable energy strategies. Lynn Markham consistently shares data on pes cides use and its health impacts on drinking water and food. She spoke about pes cide impacts on food and water quality with the Food and Consumer Science students at UW-Stevens Point. Markham also addressed the rela onship between pes cides and nutri on with Northern Region of Wisconsin Academy of Nutri on and Diete cs students. Markham’s work with youth this year included leading discussions and interac ve exercises about protec ng fish and water quality through what we do on the land. This spring she reached over 470 students discussing what makes healthy lakes and rivers for fish. Markham also presented informa on about community involvement in groundwater protec on to members of the Chicago Center for Conserva on Leadership Youth Group at UW-Stevens Point.

12 PUBLICATIONS CLUE creates a variety of publica ons annually to reach our audiences.

Shoreland Lynn Markham authored and published Fish Hotels, a 20 page non-fic on booklet about healthy lakes for fish with a focus on Wisconsin Public Schools’ 3rd grade curriculum. This publica on is designed to complement the children’s picture book Fish Hotel, published last year by Markham. Fish Hotels will be included in an educa onal kit for teachers and will be released in the fall of 2018. Markham also published the 10th annual ar cle, Keeping Lakes in the Family: Children’s Books Help Us Share the Magic of Lakes, through UW-Extension Lakes Fall 2017 Lake Tides newsle er which reaches over 30,000 readers. The ar cle recommends children’s books about water ac vi es enjoyed at lakes.

Sustainability Lynn Markham regularly posts ar cles about community sustainability to the Central Wisconsin Sustainability Blog and Facebook page which has over 420 followers. Markham and Karen Blaha collaborate to deliver a bi-monthly sustainability newsle er reaching over 145 subscribers. Ar cles focus on food and farmers, environmental health and sustainable energy issues.

Professional Publica ons Anna Haines worked on several manuscripts focused on wetlands, regula ons, forest parceliza on and acceptance of prescribed fires. Two ar cles were submi ed and under review. Haines also reviewed eight ar cles for peer-reviewed journals for the Journal of the American Planning Associa on, Journal of Planning, Educa on and Research, Journal of the Community Development Society, Landscape and Urban Planning, Land Use Policy, Forest Science and Sustainability. Shiba Kar published four manuscripts with an emphasis in bioenergy crops, landowner percep ons and energy consump on density. Kar also reviewed three ar cles for Energy Policy, Land Use Policy and Washington State University Extension Bulle n and served as an Associate Editor for the Small-Scale Forestry Journal. Aaron Thompson worked on five manuscripts. Two were submi ed and one is under review. Thompson also reviewed ar cles for Landscape and Urban Planning, the Journal of Agricultural & Human Values and the Journal of the American Water Resources Associa on.

13 Published manuscripts include: Floress, Kris n; Haines, Anna; Usher, Emily; Gobster, Paul; Dockry, Mike. 2018. Landowner and Visitor Response to Forest Landscape Restora on: The Chequamegon-Nicolet Na onal Forest Northeast Sands Project. Stevens Point, WI: Center for Land Use Educa on, University of Wisconsin – Stevens Point. Floress, K., Reimer, A., Thompson, Aaron, Burbach, M., Davenport, M., Knutson, C., Prokopy, L.S., Ribaudo, M., Schad, J. (2018). Measuring farmer conserva on behaviors: Challenges and best prac ces. Land Use Policy 70: 414-418. Gowan, C.H., Kar, S.P. and Townsend, P. (2018) Landowners’ percep on and interest in bioenergy crops: Exploring challenges and opportuni es for growing poplar for bioenergy, Biomass and Bioenergy, 110:57-62. Sikder, S., Nagarajan, M., Kar, S., Koe er, T. (2018). A geospa al approach of downscaling urban energy consump on density in mega-city Dhaka, Bangladesh, Urban Climate, 26:10-30. Gowan, C.H., Kar, S.P. and Townsend, P. (2018). Assessing Washington State landowners’ interest and concerns regarding growing bioenergy crops, Journal of Extension, 26:2 (2RIB2). Available at: h ps:// Gowan, C.H., Kar, S.P. and Townsend, P. (2018). Growing Poplar Trees for Biofuels: What do landowners in Washington State have to say? Technical Bulle n (TB50E), Washington State University Extension. Available at: h p:// ons/TB50E/TB50E.pdf

PRESENTATIONS Anna Haines, Shiba Kar and Aaron Thompson conducted a total of 11 scholarly presenta ons locally, regionally, na onally and interna onally. The following presenta ons are a sampling of their work: Haines, A. and Zangl, M. 2017. Using the Lens of Ins tu onal Bricolage to Understand Local Wetland Ins tu ons. Invited Session at ACSP. Denver, CO, Oct. 12-15, 2017. Floress, Kris n; Gobster, Paul; Haines, Anna; Dockry, Mike; Connolly Stephanie; Akaman, Kofi. 2017. Landscape Scale Conserva on: Insights from Three Na onal Forests. Purdue University, Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, November 14. Haines, A., Floress, K., Usher, E., Gobster, P., & Dockry, M. 2018. Landowner A tudes of Prescribed Fire for Landscape Restora on. ISSRM, Snowbird, Utah, June 17-21, 2018. Haines, A., Schneider, I., Gobster, P., Dockry, M., & Floress, K. 2018. What Will it Take to Restore a Pine Barrens Landscape? Expert Insights. Poster. ISSRM, Snowbird, Utah, June 17-21, 2018. Sla ery, J. and Kar, S. 2018. Solar photovoltaics (PV) diffusion: dimensions of commercial and industrial energy consumers in Wisconsin” at Interna onal Symposium on Society and Resource Management. Poster. ISSRM, Snowbird Ski and summer Resort, Salt lake city, Utah, June 17-21, 2018. Thompson, Aaron. March 2018. Listening to People and Place: Sustainable Development Research in Wisconsin’s Northwoods. Purdue University, Department of Hor culture and Landscape Architecture. West Lafaye e, IN.

14 Thompson, Aaron. February 2018. Geodesign: A Social-Ecological Framework for Planning & Design. Penn State University, Stuckeman School. State College, PA. Thompson, Aaron, Weigel, B. March 2018. Applica on of Systems Thinking to Watershed Restora on. Wisconsin Water Thinkers Network Gathering: Madison, Wisconsin. Thompson, Aaron. January 2018. Green Lake Farmer Survey: Social Science Lessons for Watershed Planning. Green Lake Management Team: Green Lake, WI. Wadleigh, Rebecca., Thompson, Aaron. November 2017. The Role of Private Forest Landowners in Protec ng Vulnerable Ecosystems in Wisconsin’s Northwoods. Riveredge Nature Center’s Student Research Symposium: Saukville, WI. Thompson, Aaron. October 2017. Human Dimensions Science: Applica on in Conserva on Agriculture. Green Lake Associa on: Green Lake, WI.

Shiba Kar and Sara Windjue from UW-Stevens Point, Wisconsin K-12 Energy Educa on Program facilitated a workshop on community energy efficiency and educa on for municipal officials at the Green Tier Legacy Communi es’ annual mee ng in Stevens Point, WI

Applied Research CLUE conducts research focused on planning and zoning issues, and offers mapping and spatial analytic services.

GIS Research Mapping is a powerful way of illustra ng land use issues. CLUE staff and students create maps that tell the story of land use as it relates to a variety of topics. Michael Mills, Land Use Planning major, assisted in crea ng maps for the upcoming Wisconsin Land Use Megatrends: Forest. The maps will include data on forest health, management, economics and local policy. Mills also produced maps highligh ng CLUE’s Plan Commission and Zoning Board workshop trends, road salt usage, landowner research, and other maps for department staff.

Land and Water Land and lake planning and management relies on applied research. CLUE conducts policy review, mapping and analysis, and social science research to assist decision-making in these ac vi es. Integra on of applied social science research that enhances watershed planning and management efforts across Wisconsin is an area where CLUE con nues to grow our programming to support local communi es. Aaron Thompson completed a mul -year partnership with the Green Lake Associa on. CLUE staff developed an agricultural Road Salt Use Per County, Salt per Lane Mile landowner survey tailored to the needs of local conserva on professionals that will be used to develop new programs, policies, and partnerships to support water quality protec on efforts in Big Green Lake.

Watershed Planning efforts targeted Big Green Lake, located in Green Lake County



Service Service is an expectation of UW-Stevens Point and UW-Extension, and allows staff to share expertise and participate in governance activities. UW-Extension Climate Change Task Force (Haines, Kar) Sustainability Team (Haines, co-leader; Markham) United Way Life Report, Environment and Energy sub-commi ee- Portage and Marathon County (Kar, Environment and Energy sub-commi ee)

College of Natural Resources Academic Advising, approximately 20 students per faculty member (Haines, Thompson, Kar) Building Commi ee (Haines) Dean’s Council (Haines) Interna onal Programs Commi ee (Haines) Internship Commi ee (Haines) Graduate Commi ee (Thompson, Chair, HDNRM representa ve) Land Conserva on Society (Thompson, faculty advisor) Student Research Symposium (Kar, Commi ee member, judge; Roberts, judge)

UW-Stevens Point Commencement Student Speaker Selec on Commi ee (Kar) Dis nguished Alumni Award Commi ee (Markham) Office of Sustainability (Kar, solar PV study) Graduate Council (Thompson, CNR representa ve) Green Fund (Kar, steering commi ee) Ins tu onal Review Board (IRB) Commi ee (Haines)

State and Na onal American Planning Associa on (APA) - Wisconsin Chapter (Roberts, Planning Official Development Officer, board of directors, communica ons commi ee) Department of Natural Resources Shoreland Team (Markham) eXtension Land Use Planning Community of Prac ce (Haines, Treasurer; Roberts) Gathering Waters: Wisconsin’s Alliance for Land Trust (Thompson, GIS task force) Great Lakes Adapta on Forum (Haines) Na onal Associa on of Community Development Extension Professionals, 2018 Conference (Haines, reviewer) Wisconsin Coastal Management Grant Program (Roberts, reviewer) Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Shoreland Team (Markham) Wisconsin Ini a ve on Climate Change Impacts, Sustainable Communi es (Haines, co-chair; Kar)

17 Wisconsin Sea Grant Advisory Commi ee (Thompson) Wisconsin Water Thinkers Network (Thompson, leadership team) Wisconsin State Energy Extension Partnership Ini a ve (Kar) Wisconsin State Wood Energy Team (Kar)

Community Airport Commission, Stevens Point, WI (Haines) Central Rivers Farmshed Local Food School Fundraiser (Markham) Friends of Schmeeckle Reserve (Thompson, board member) Green Team at Frame Presbyterian Church (Markham) Jensen Center/Amherst Youth Soccer (Roberts) McKinley Elementary School, Junior Achievement Program (Kar) North Central Conservancy Trust (Thompson, Proper es commi ee) Plan Commission, Stevens Point, WI (Haines) Shama Inc. (Kar) Stevens Point Area League of Women Voters (Markham) Water and Sewer Commission, City of Stevens Point, WI (Haines)


Partnerships CLUE partners with local and state government, educational institutions and community groups to meet the needs of communities throughout Wisconsin. UW-Stevens Point College of Natural Resources

UW-Extension State Specialists and County Educators Center for Community and Economic Development Center for Watershed Science and Educa on Environmental Resources Center Local Government Center Lakes Program

Other Alliance for the Great Lakes Bay-Lake Regional Planning Commission East Central Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission eXtension Land Use Planning Community of Prac ce Fox-Wolf Watershed Alliance League of Wisconsin Municipali es Local Government Ins tute of Wisconsin North Central Conservancy Trust Orton Family Founda on Ozaukee-Washington Land Trust U.S. Forest Service UW-Green Bay Con nuing Educa on and Community Engagement UW-Green Bay Environmental Management and Business Ins tute UW-Madison Department of Urban and Regional Planning Wisconsin Chapter of the American Planning Associa on Wisconsin County Code Administrators Wisconsin County Planning Directors Wisconsin Coun es Associa on Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Wisconsin Towns Associa on Wisconsin Wetlands Associa on

19 Grants were obtained from: Alliance for the Great Lakes Fund for Lake Michigan U.S. Department of Agriculture/CSREES McIn re-Stennis U.S. Forest Service UW-Extension Environmental Resources Center Wisconsin Board of Commissioners for Public Lands through the Wisconsin Center for Environmental Educa on Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

CENTER FOR LAND USE EDUCATION University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point 800 Reserve Street Stevens Point, WI 54481

2017-18 Annual Report  
2017-18 Annual Report