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HIGHLIGHTS

ACCELERATED BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION (ABC) UNIVERSITY TRANSPORTATION CENTER (UTC)

2017 - 2018


ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

THE MISSION OF THE ABC-UTC IS TO REDUCE THE SOCIETAL COSTS OF BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION BY REDUCING THE DURATION ON WORK ZONES, FOCUSING SPECIAL ATTENTION ON PRESERVATION, SERVICE LIFE, CONSTRUCTION COSTS, EDUCATION OF THE PROFESSION, AND DEVELOPMENT OF A NEXT-GENERATION WORKFORCE FULLY EQUIPPED WITH ABC KNOWLEDGE.


Atorod Azizinamini, PhD, P.E. Vasant Surti Professor of Civil Engineering ABC-UTC Director Director, Moss School of Construction, Infrastructure and Sustainability Director, Preeminent Institute for Resilient and Sustainable Coastal Infrastructure (InteRaCt) College of Engineering & Computing Florida International University (FIU), Miami, Florida (305) 348-3821 | aazizina@fiu.edu

LETTER FROM THE DIRECTOR

The ABC-UTC consortium of universities works in partnership with a host of stakeholders to provide the best possible service to the profession and public. A distinct feature of the ABC-UTC is its close collaboration with AASHTO COBS members, FHWA, and the members of the bridge profession. The ABC-UTC projects are selected through collaborative discussions among all stakeholders to best suit a need for filling the knowledge gap in the area of ABC. The program has already developed some

practical products including prefabricated bridge railing, ABC database, folded steel plate girder modular system with lengths exceeding 100 ft., UHPC based solutions for retrofitting bridge elements, and UHPC shells as formworks. The ABC-UTC continues this endeavor by developing new products and solutions, including short courses on various ABC topics, and through the development of non-proprietary UHPC mix to provide the resources highly demanded among the bridge professionals. Bridge consultants have joined the consortium to participate in ABC-UTC activities, such as mentoring, to efforts assist in the development of a more knowledgeable workforce capable of implementing new frontiers in ABC. Starting with the new 2016 ABC-UTC grant, the process of proposing and selecting projects has been streamlined according to the ABC-UTC Operations Manual, which was developed specifically for this program based on input from stakeholders. Following the lead of the extremely successful 2014, 2015, and 2017 National ABC Conferences, the ABC-UTC is now organizing the 2019 International ABC Conference focusing on innovation, automation, and resilience. More than 700 bridge professionals attended each of the previous conferences. The ABC-UTC has continued its free online monthly webinars, which, on average, are viewed by more than 5,000 bridge professionals. Almost all state department of transportation officials listen to these webinars, in addition to consultants and other bridge professionals. Quarterly research seminars and in-depth webinars are additional educational activities undertaken by ABC-UTC. Additionally,

twice a year, ABC-UTC holds a Research Day in which principal investigators of all active projects present new developments, their progress, and challenges. The last Research Day included presentations for 27 active projects. Almost all ABC-UTC projects are collaborative with partner universities working jointly on a given project. The ABC-UTC now provides access to a platform for new and innovative bridge engineering solutions for bridge owners and the bridge community through the ABC-UTC website under Implemented Advanced Technologies (https://abc-utc.fiu.edu/resources/implemented-advancedtechnologies/)proven to advance technologies. The ABC-UTC program provides an excellent platform for graduate and undergraduate students by exposing them to research projects that address real-world and contemporary problems. Through initiatives such as the ABC-UTC mentoring program, students receive professional and educational advice and are able to expand their professional networks. ABC-UTC partner universities conduct a variety of educational and workforce development activities, among them the highly popular Summer Camps, which attract many underrepresented and minority K-12 students. The camps provide students, parents, and teachers with opportunities to learn about, and develop an interest in bridge engineering. The ABC-UTC welcomes your thoughts and suggestions on how it might better support the bridge profession in the effective implementation of ABC across the United States and beyond.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

The Accelerated Bridge Construction University Transportation Center (ABC-UTC) is a Tier One University Transportation Center with a strategic focus on accelerated bridge construction as the model for constructing highquality new bridges and repairing substandard bridges in a safer, faster, and less disruptive manner. The ABC-UTC was established during a 2013 UTC competition and later received the Tier One UTC grant from the U.S. Department of Transportation during a 2016 UTC competition. FIU was designated as the lead university with Iowa State University; University of Nevada; Reno, University of Washington; and University of Oklahoma serving as partner universities. Since its inception, ABC-UTC research has emphasized innovation in the design and construction of new bridges and the repair of existing bridges. As an integral and essential part of the program, the ABC-UTC has also undertaken various educational, workforce development, and technology transfer activities with ever increasing national and international range and influence. Many bridge engineering professionals now view ABC-UTC as the decisive source for answers to various questions relating to ABC.

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ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS


TABLE OF CONTENTS Reflections on Accomplishments Leadership Team

Advisory Committee

10 ABC-UTC Research 11 Recently completed projects • FIU / ISU / UNR

14 Active Projects

• FIU / ISU / UNR / OU / UW

20 Research Project Spotlight • FIU / ISU / UNR

46 ABC-UTC Education and Workforce Development 47 Outstanding Student of the Year

68 Monthly Webinars

50 Mentoring Program

72 In-Depth Web Training

53 2018 FIU’s 3D Printing Workshop

74 Quarterly Research Seminars

54 FIU’s Parent/Child Bridge Engineering Summer Camp (2017 and 2018)

76 National ABC Project and Research Databases Website

56 2018 FIU & ISU’s Bridge Engineering Teacher Workshop

78 Previous Conferences

57 ISU’s Go! E-Zine for Teens 58 ISU’s Ready, Set, Build: Central Iowa’s Bridge Building Summer Challenge! (2017 and 2018)

32 Faculty & Research Associate Directory

60 ISU’s Engineering First! Elementary School Curriculum (2017 and 2018)

39 Graduate Student Research Assistants

61 ISU’s Transportation Institute (2017 and 2018)

44 Undergraduate Research Interns

62 UNR’s Civil Engineering 2017 and 2018 Summer Camp Programs

• FIU / ISU / UNR / OU / UW • FIU / ISU / UNR / OU / UW • FIU / ISU / UNR / OU / UW

67 ABC-UTC Technology Transfer

80 Invitation to the 2019 International ABC Conference

64 2018 ABC Workshop 65 2017 Outreach Program 66 Research Day

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

04 Organizational Chart 07 Leadership

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Musharraf Zaman-OU

Terry Wipf-ISU Brent Phares- ISU Armin Mehrabi-FIU

2019 ORGANIZATIONAL CHART

David Garber-FIU Atorod Azizinamini

Mary Lou Ralls-FIU Saiid Saiidi-UNR

Ahmad Itani - UNR

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Mohamed Moustafa -UNR

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John Stanton-UW


State DOT

FHWA

Nancy Daubenberger

Shoukry Elnahal

Sam Fallaha

Kristin Higgins

Bruce Johnson

Mal Kerley

Ted Kniazewycz

Paul Liles

Elmer Marx

Tom Ostrom

Robert Robertson

Anoosh Shamsabadi

Cheryl Hersh Simmons

Riad Asfahani

John Busel

Jeff Carlson

Reid Castrodale

Mike Culmo

Jerry DiMaggio

Carlos Duart

Bill Duguay

Gregg Freeby

Richard Juliano

Jugesh Kapur

Sandra Larson

William Nickas

Eliza Partington

Florida International University

Iowa State University

University of Nevada, Reno

University of Washington

Bijan Khaleghi

Carmen Swanwick

Kevin Thompson

Romeo Garcia

Industry

University

International Members

Tom Zink

University of Oklahoma

Taek-Ryong Seong

Chan-Hee Park

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Advisory Committee

Ahmad Abu-Hawash

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ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Florida International University

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University of Oklahoma

University of Washington

Iowa State University

University of Nevada, Reno

Hesham Ali

Royce Floyd

Paolo Calvo

Alice Alipour

Ahmad Itani

Atorod Azizinamini

Philip Scott Harvey, Jr.

Marc Eberhard

An Chen

Mohamed Moustafa

David Garber

Kanthasamy Muraleetharan

Dawn Lehman

Katelyn Freeseman

M. Saiid Saiidi

Mohammed Hadi

Jeffery Voltz

Michael Motely

Douglas Gransberg

Seung Jae Lee

Chris Ramseyer

Charles Roder

Lowell Greimann

Kingsley Lau

Musharraf Zaman

John Stanton

Travis Hosteng

Islam Mantawy

Brent Phares

Pezhman Mardanpour

Behrouz Shafei

Armin Mehrabi

Jennifer Shane

Wallied Orabi

Sri Sritharan Terry Wipf


LEADERSHIP

Atorod Azizinamini, PhD, P.E. Vasant Surti Professor of Civil Engineering ABC-UTC Director Director, Moss School of Construction, Infrastructure and Sustainability Director, Preeminent Institute for Resilient and Sustainable Coastal Infrastructure (InteRaCt) College of Engineering & Computing Florida International University (FIU), Miami, Florida

The Accelerated Bridge Construction University Transportation Center (ABC-UTC) was established as a Tier 1 UTC with a grant from the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) in 2013. Dedicated to research, education and workforce development, and technology transfer in the area of ABC, the program has attained great achievements since its inception and has become the hub for promoting ABC and disseminating new and innovative means for the construction repair, and rehabilitation of bridges. ABC-UTC, by end of its 2013 grant had become the hub for promoting ABC and disseminating new and innovative means for the construction, repair, and rehabilitation of bridges. In 2016, ABC-UTC received a new five-year grant from the USDOT to continue its critical mission of providing means and methods for building a resilient transportation system through research and innovation. From the beginning, a strong emphasis of this program has been on developing engineering solutions that deliver practical, proven impacts on the construction industry and exert significant influence on design and construction specifications. The result has included a series of tangible products from research projects that are either already in use or on the way to shaping how new generations of bridges are to be made. ABC-UTC has greatly facilitated the development and dissemination of a wealth of information in the area and has allowed consortium members to serve the bridge community in a superb manner both locally and nationally. FIU and its partners, with crucial help from major stakeholders in the transportation field, have effectively identified the knowledge gap required for promoting ABC methods, and have undertaken multiple research projects not only to address the gap but also to work toward resolving anticipated future problems. Some of these projects are described in this highlight report. For a more detailed description of the research projects, please visit the ABCUTC web site (www.abc-utc.fiu.edu). With the initiation of the 2016 grant, the selection of research projects has been streamlined and ABC-UTC processes have been facilitated through the development and updating of an operations manual that in turn has added to the

efficiency of the center operation. The Operation Manual provides transparent and defined steps governing the research, education and workforce development, and technology transfer activities of ABC-UTC. Furthermore, the newly instituted Technology Transfer Plan has provided a much-needed platform for registering the research output, outcome, and impact, as well as a set of concise and essential metrics for evaluation of the performance of the program. The ABC-UTC center at FIU is proud to have fulfilled and surpassed the requirements set forth with this plan. Innovation and revolutionary ideas are at the forefront of ABC-UTC program goals. We realize that the success and utility of the program depend strongly on new ideas and products. ABC-UTC is also looking to the future by undertaking initiatives that have the potential to shape the future of bridge engineering. Advances in technologies such as robotics and 3D printing, solutions that were thought impossible a few years ago, are becoming increasingly more feasible as ABC-UTC is undertaking initiatives to facilitate the introduction of new ideas into bridge engineering. ABC-UTC has embarked on a mission to make the knowledge and experience of ABC available to bridge owners and the entire industry. As part of this endeavor, a non-proprietary UltraHigh-Performance Concrete (UHPC) is being developed and verified by the partner universities in order to facilitate the use of this material in ABC with the goal of reducing the unit cost of the material. ABC-UTC continues not only to lead the research and development of new sets of knowledge in the area of ABC, but also to disseminate the information and educate the profession and stakeholders. ABC-UTC contributes significantly to the development of the next generation of workforce who will be fully equipped with state-of-the-art knowledge and capable of implementing ABC. In addition, an educated workforce will effectively transfer the experience to the end users. The program has proven to be greatly influential and successful in aligning the bridge industry with improvement in cost, utility, and public safety for bridge structures.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Reflections on Accomplishments

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LEADERSHIP Team Brent Phares, PhD, P.E.

Mary Lou Ralls, P.E.

David Garber, PhD, P.E.

Terry Wipf, PhD, P.E.

Musharraf Zaman, PhD, P.E.

Raheel Baksh

M. “Saiid” Saiidi, PhD, P.E.

John Stanton, PhD, P.E.

Armin Mehrabi, PhD, P.E.

ABC-UTC Co-Director Director, Bridge Engineering Center, Institute for Transportation Research Associate Professor Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Iowa State University

ABC-UTC Co-Director Don and Sharon Greenwood Endowed Department Chair & Professor Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Iowa State University

ABC-UTC Co-Director Professor Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of Nevada, Reno

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Ahmad M. Itani, PhD, P.E.

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ABC-UTC Co-Director Professor and Chair Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of Nevada-Reno

ABC-UTC Director of Technology Transfer Professor Principal, Ralls Newman LLC, Austin, TX Florida International University

ABC-UTC Co-Director David Ross Boyd Chair & Aaron Alexander Chair Professor Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of Oklahoma

ABC-UTC Co-Director Professor Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of Washington

ABC-UTC Director of Education and Workforce Development Assistant Professor Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Florida International University

ABC-UTC Senior Program Coordinator Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Florida International University

ABC-UTC Director of Research Associate Professor Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Florida International University

Islam Mantawy, PhD

ABC-UTC Assistant Director of QA/QC Research Assistant Professor Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Florida International University


ADVISORY COMMITTEE • Carmen Swanwick,AASHTO COBS Chair, Utah DOT • Cheryl Hersh Simmons, AASHTO COBS T-4 Chair, Utah DOT • Ahmad Abu-Hawash, AASHTO COBS T-4 Vice-Chair, Iowa DOT • Nancy Daubenberger, Minnesota DOT • Shoukry Elnahal, former Chief Engineer, Delaware River and Bay Authority

• Tom Ostrom, California DOT

• Carlos Duart, CDR Maguire

• Robert Robertson, Florida DOT

• Bill Duguay, Associated General Contractors of America (AGC), rep.; J.D. Abrams, LP

• Anoosh Shamsabadi, California HighSpeed Rail Authority • Kevin Thompson, former State Bridge Engineer, California

Federal Highway Administration • Romeo Garcia, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)

• Sam Fallaha, Florida DOT • Kristin Higgins, Vermont Agency of Transportation • Bruce Johnson, former State Bridge Engineer, Oregon • Mal Kerley, former Chief Engineer, Virginia • Bijan Khaleghi, Washington State DOT

Industry Partners • Riad Asfahani, U.S. Steel Corporation • John Busel, American Composites Manufacturers Association (ACMA) • Jeff Carlson, National Steel Bridge Alliance (NSBA)

• Ted Kniazewycz, Tennessee DOT

• Reid Castrodale, Lightweight concrete rep.

• Paul Liles, former State Bridge Engineer, Georgia

• Mike Culmo, CME Associates, Inc.

• Elmer Marx, Alaska DOT&PF

• Jerry DiMaggio, Applied Research Associates, Inc.

• Richard Juliano, American Road & Transportation Builders Association (ARTBA) • Gregg Freeby, American Segmental Bridge Institute (ASBI) • Jugesh Kapur, WSP USA • Sandra Larson, Stanley Consultants • William Nickas, Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute (PCI) • Eliza Partington, WGI • Tom Zink, Gannett Fleming, Inc.

International Members • Taek-Ryong Seong, RIST – South Korea • Chan-Hee Park, RIST – South Korea

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

State Transportation Agencies

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ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

ABC-UTC RESEARCH

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RECENTLY COMPLETED PROJECTS

PI: Seung Jae Lee The project objective was to enhance the predictive capability of bridge demolition process by developing a computational framework that can efficiently simulate feasible demolition scenarios and take the guesswork out of equation.

CORROSION DURABILITY OF REINFORCED CONCRETE UTILIZING UHPC FOR ABC APPLICATIONS PI: Kingsley Lau The overall objective of this project was to investigate the corrosion durability performance of UHPC joints between precast reinforced concrete sections.

NDT METHODS APPLICABLE TO HEALTH MONITORING OF ABC CLOSURE JOINTS PI: Armin Mehrabi This project involved search, identification, and development of practical guideline for the use of NDT methods for field inspection and damage detection of ABC closure joints, immediately after completion and periodically thereafter during its service life.

PERFORMANCE COMPARISON OF IN-SERVICE, FULL-DEPTH PRECAST CONCRETE DECK PANELS TO CAST-IN-PLACE DECKS PI: David Garber The primary objective of this project was to determine the actual in-service performance of full-depth, precast deck panels compared to conventional cast-in-place (CIP) decks.

PRINCIPAL AND CONSIDERATIONS FOR DESIGN OF SMALL UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES FOR INSPECTION AND SURVEY PI: Pezhman Mardanpour The ABC Drone (ABCD) project was designed to investigate the applications within the ABC methods where drone technology can be utilized for improving or facilitating the process for accuracy, economy, timeliness and safety. It provides guidelines to overcome the many challenges of using drones for inspection and construction programs.

EXTENDING MAXIMUM LENGTH OF THE FOLDED STEEL PLATE GIRDER BRIDGE SYSTEM (FSPGBS), EXCEEDING 100 FT. WITH CAPABILITY TO INCORPORATE CAMBER PI: Atorod Azizinamini The main objective of the proposed project was to develop a new version of Folded Steel Plate Girder Bridge System (FSPGBS) with maximum span length exceeding 100 ft. with allowance to incorporate camber.

DEVELOPMENT OF MANUAL FOR ENHANCED SERVICE LIFE OF ABC PROJECTS PI: Atorod Azizinamini The main objective of this project was to develop a manual devoted to service life performance of ABC projects.

ALTERNATIVE ABC CONNECTIONS UTILIZING UHPC PI: Atorod Azizinamini This project focused on the exploration of UHPC joint details for use in ABC projects through experimental, analytical, and numerical work.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

A PREDICTIVE COMPUTER SIMULATION FOR PROACTIVE DEMOLITION PLANNING

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RECENTLY COMPLETED PROJECTS EXTENDING APPLICATION OF SDCL TO ABC (PHASE I – CONCEPTUAL AND ANALYTICAL) PI: Atorod Azizinamini The objective of the study was to develop necessary details and design provisions for extending the application of the simple for dead and continuous for live load steel bridge system to highly seismic areas.

EXTENDING APPLICATION OF SDCL TO ABC (PHASE II – EXPERIMENTAL)

ESTIMATING TOTAL COST OF BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION USING ABC AND CONVENTIONAL METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION (PHASES I AND II) PI: Mohammed Hadi The objective of this project was to create a framework for evaluating and utilizing public costs as part of the decision-making processes associated with bridge construction and the development of a public cost analysis and estimation tool.

PI: Atorod Azizinamini Phase 1 of this project developed necessary details and design provisions for extending the application of the simple for dead and continuous for live load (SDCL) steel bridge system to highly seismic areas. The objective of this second phase was to experimentally investigate SDCL for steel bridge details developed in Phase I of the project.

ACCELERATED RETROFIT OF BRIDGE COLUMNS USING UHPC SHELL – PHASE I FEASIBILITY STUDY: (ORIGINALLY A SUBPROJECT OF “ALTERNATIVE ABC CONNECTIONS UTILIZING UHPC” )

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

PI: Atorod Azizinamini This research investigated the performance of UHPC as retrofit material for damaged bridge columns. To achieve this goal, an experimental study was designed to evaluate the mechanical performance of the repaired columns under a combination of static axial and cyclic lateral loads (to simulate operational conditions).

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EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF HIGH PERFORMING PROTECTIVE SHELL USED FOR RETROFITTING BRIDGE ELEMENTS ( ORIGINALLY A SUB-PROJECT OF “ALTERNATIVE ABC CONNECTIONS UTILIZING UHPC”) PI: Atorod Azizinamini The goal of this project was to provide an alternative method for retrofitting the flexural bridge elements by attaching a layer of UHPC shell to damaged areas.

DEVELOPMENT OF GUIDELINES TO ESTABLISH EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT TIMELINES AND INCENTIVES FOR ABC PI: Alice Alipour & Jennifer Shane The main objective of the project is two folds: 1) Provided guidelines to evaluate the direct and indirect costs (traffic delays and opportunity losses) under following conditions: conventional construction, only ABC techniques, only incentivizing strategies, and combination of ABC and incentivizing strategies; and 2) Developed a decision-making framework to compare the total costs and durations of each of the candidate techniques to optimize for the lowest cost and construction duration techniques accordingly.

INTEGRAL ABUTMENT DETAILS FOR ABC PROJECTS, PHASE II PI: Travis Hosteng The proposed research aimed at developing ABC compatible integral abutment connections to marry the two technologies together and continue to advance the quality, performance, economics and constructability of bridges to meet the demands of today’s growing infrastructure.


INSPECTION AND QA/QC FOR ABC PROJECTS PI: Katelyn Freeseman The objective of this research was to explore available nondestructive testing technology to determine applicability for the inspection and quality control of accelerated bridge construction components.

DEVELOPMENT OF PREFABRICATED BRIDGE RAILINGS PI: Terry Wipf and Sri Sritharan The purpose of this research was to begin the process of developing crashtested prefabricated bridge railings that have durable anchorage details.

INVESTIGATION OF MACRO-DEFECT FREE CONCRETE FOR ABC INCLUDING ROBOTIC CONSTRUCTION PI: Brent Phares The goal of this project was to assess important characteristics and to develop conceptual uses for this new material with a specific focus on accelerated/robotic bridge construction.

PI: Alice Alipour & Doug Gransberg This project aimed at developing a decision-making algorithm that brings together the project-level decision process that involves the choice of optimized construction techniques together with the enterprise-level process that implements regional prioritization schemes considering indirect costs (such as drivers’ delay, economic impact, opportunity losses, economic growth, and social investments) in addition to the direct costs associated with implementation of the ABC techniques.

MATERIAL DESIGN AND STRUCTURAL CONFIGURATION OF LINK SLABS FOR ABC APPLICATIONS PI: Behrouz Shafei, Brent Phares, and Peter Taylor The objective of this research was to develop details and recommendations to properly implement a link slab in joint-less bridges constructed with ABC techniques. This will be accomplished through a comprehensive set of experimental tests and numerical simulations.

DURABLE UHPC COLUMNS WITH HIGHSTRENGTH STEEL PI: Mohamed Moustafa This study aimed at providing the basic knowledge needed to optimize the design of full prefabricated bridge columns using UHPC and high-strength steel under combined axial and lateral loading.

ANALYTICAL INVESTIGATIONS AND DESIGN IMPLICATIONS OF SEISMIC RESPONSE OF A TWOSPAN ABC BRIDGE SYSTEM PI: Saiid Saiidi and Ahmad Itani Extensive computer simulations of the seismic behavior of a 2-span bridge model was conducted to first determine the analytical modeling method that best replicates the shake table test results. The model was then utilized to determine important parameters and develop ABC seismic design guidelines based on the findings.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

AN INTEGRATED PROJECT TO ENTERPRISELEVEL DECISION MAKING FRAMEWORK FOR PRIORITIZATION OF ACCELERATED BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION

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ACTIVE PROJECTS SHAKE TABLE STUDIES OF A BRIDGE SYSTEM WITH ABC CONNECTIONS PI: Saiid Saiidi The overall objective of the proposed study was to investigate the seismic performance of a large-scale bridge system that integrates some of the more promising ABC connections that have been proof tested as individual components.

DEVELOPMENT AND SEISMIC EVALUATION OF PIER SYSTEMS WITH POCKET CONNECTIONS AND UHPC COLUMNS PI: Saiid Saiidi and Ahmad Itani The overall objective of this study was to develop and evaluate resilient bridge piers consisting of prefabricated columns and cap beams subjected to simulated earthquake loading on shake tables. The postearthquake damage was minimized by using prestressing CFRP tendons to control residual displacements and plastic hinge damage by using ECC and UHPC.

OPTIMIZATION OF ADVANCED CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL FOR BRIDGE DECK OVERLAYS AND UPGRADE, INCLUDING SHOTCRETE PI: Islam Mantawy This research project addresses the design considerations required for successful application of UHPC as an alternative material for deck overlay. The research project conducts a comprehensive literature review on bridge deck overlay, material level testing, large scale level testing for UHPC bridge deck overlays, and numerical modelling to optimize design parameters.

ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION IN ABC PROJECTS: EXPLORATORY PHASE PI: Islam Mantawy The use of automation and robotics in ABC projects has numerous advantages including increased quality of prefabricated elements, and reducing the accident rate at construction sites. In order to facilitate the implementation of automation and robotics, a comprehensive literature review and feasibility studies will be carried out to identify suitable mobile robots, construction material, prefabricated elements, and in-situ connections.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

LAMINATED WOOD DECK SYSTEM FOR FOLDED PLATE GIRDER

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PI: Atorod Azizinamini The proposed research suggests experimental testing and ďŹ nite element modelling for a modular unit of FPG with laminated wood deck. In the suggested experimental work, large scale specimen will be tested under fatigue loading for service life design and under ultimate load for AASHTO strength design.


PI: Armin Mehrabi The primary objective of development of this course is to provide a general knowledge about the application of ABC for short-span bridges covering various aspects of decision-making, construction methods, available elements and systems, performance and inspection, design, detailing and connections.

PERFORMANCE OF EXISTING ABC PROJECTS: INSPECTION CASE STUDIES PI: Armin Mehrabi The primary objective of this project is to collect much needed information on performance of two in-service ABC bridges. It is envisioned that inspection will include routine visual inspection, special inspection of certain details, and application of NDT methods wherever needed. The results will be compiled in a format for effective recording and will be reported accordingly.

DEVELOPMENT OF NON-PROPRIETARY UHPC MIX PI: David Garber The proposed study by FIU is part of a larger overall project including all five of the ABC-UTC partner universities. The main objective of this proposed study is to develop a non-proprietary UHPC mix design, labeled “ABC-UTC Non-Proprietary UHPC Mix,” made with local materials that can achieve the necessary mechanical properties and durability for use in bridge components, repair, and connections.

DEVELOPMENT OF GUIDE FOR SELECTION OF SUBSTRUCTURE FOR ABC PROJECTS PI: Armin Mehrabi & Hesham Ali The primary objective of this project is to provide guidelines for decision making by the designers and bridge owners for the selection of substructure and foundation for new bridges and replacement of existing bridges using ABC methods. This is a joint project between FIU and OU, with OU focusing on foundation and FIU on remaining.

ENVISIONING CONNECTION DETAIL FOR CONNECTING CONCRETE FILLED TUBE (CFT) COLUMNS TO CAP BEAM FOR HIGH SPEED RAIL APPLICATION PI: Atorod Azizinamini The main objective of the project is to develop sufficient amount of data and proof of concept test, for system(s) that could be used to connect the cap beam and pile cap beam to CFT columns in ABC projects. This is a joint project between FIU and UW.

FIELD DEMONSTRATION-INSTRUMENTATION AND MONITORING OF ACCELERATED REPAIR USING UHPC SHELL PI: Kingsley Lau The main objective of this project is to select an existing in-service bridge with damaged column element, retrofit it using UHPC shell, using cast-inplace technique, instrument it and monitor it to identify deterioration of the repair and substrate material as well as development of corrosion of steel within the column.

INNOVATIVE FOUNDATION ALTERNATIVE FOR HIGH SPEED RAIL APPLICATION PI: Seung Jae Lee The objectives of this project include; development and validation of innovative foundation systems for HSR applications, detailed finite element modeling; and NL FE analysis to investigate the seismic response of HSR bridges with innovative foundations. This is a joint project between FIU and UNR, with FIU focusing on the component modeling and UNR on incorporation into the bridge system.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

DEVELOPMENT OF ABC COURSE MODULE AVAILABLE ABC BRIDGE SYSTEMS FOR SHORT SPAN BRIDGES

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ACTIVE PROJECTS PERFORMANCE OF EXISTING ABC PROJECTS – INSPECTION CASE STUDIES

CONTRACTING METHODS FOR ACCELERATED BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS: CASE STUDIES AND CONSENSUS BUILDING PI: Katelyn Freeseman This research project consist of a thorough exploration of current contracting methods for ABC projects via surveys, case studies, content analysis, interviews, documentation and observations.

BIDDING OF ACCELERATED BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS: CASE STUDIES AND CONSENSUS BUILDING PI: Katelyn Freeseman This research project consist of a thorough exploration of current bidding methods for ABC projects via surveys, case studies, content analysis, interviews, documentation and observations.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

ACCELERATED REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF EXPANSION JOINTS

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PI: An Chen The objectives of this research are to conduct a literature review on replacement and elimination of bridge deck expansion joints; to develop methods for accelerated bridge expansion joint replacement and elimination; and to promote ABC for bridge deck expansion joint repair.

DEVELOPMENT OF NON-PROPRIETARY UHPC MIX PI: Behrouz Shafei This project develops and characterizes economic, non-proprietary UHPC mixes made with materials locally available. This will be achieved through a holistic set of laboratory experiments that will be primarily focused on the choice of fibers, which are known as the costliest ingredient of UHPC mixes.

PI: Katelyn Freeseman As the initial deployments of ABC methods age, it becomes necessary to inspect the structures for both maintenance decision making and for assurance of adequate service life performance. Current inspection methods used for traditional bridge structures can be modified to establish inspection protocols for ABC projects. Once inspection protocols have been developed, existing ABC projects can be inspected. After which, any apparent performance trends can be documented and best practices identified.

SYNTHESIS OF AVAILABLE CONTRACTING METHODS PI: Jennifer Shane The research consists of a thorough exploration of current contracting provisions for ABC projects. This will be accomplished through surveys, interviews, content analysis, documentation and observations.

DEVELOPMENT OF ABC COURSE MODULE: DESIGN OF LINK SLABS PI: Behrouz Shafei This project builds on the findings from a former ABC UTC-sponsored research project on link slabs and develops a short course module to provide the design guidelines and practical recommendations necessary to properly implement a link slab in jointless bridges.


DEVELOPMENT OF NON-PROPRIETARY UHPC MIX – APPLICATION TO DECK PANEL JOINTS

PI: Mohamed Moustafa The objectives of this project include: development and validation of innovative foundation systems for HSR applications, detailed finite element modeling; and NL FE analysis to investigate the seismic response of HSR bridges with innovative foundations. This is a joint project between FIU and UNR, with FIU focusing on the component modeling and UNR on incorporation into the bridge system.

IDENTIFY THE RISK FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO FATALITIES AND SERIOUS INJURIES AND IMPLEMENT EVIDENCE-BASED RISK ELIMINATION AND MITIGATION STRATEGIES PI: Mohamed Moustafa In this project, available data on bridge construction site safety will be compiled and interpreted to provide quantitative data supporting that ABC improves safety through avoidance/reduction of number of accidents/ crashes and associated costs. This project will be carried out through collaborative efforts between UNR, FIU, and ISU.

MORE CHOICES FOR CONNECTING PREFABRICATED BRIDGE ELEMENTS AND SYSTEMS (PBES) PI: Mohamed Moustafa The objectives of this study are: to collect and select potential alternative materials (e.g. polymer concrete) to replace UHPC in PBES connections; characterize the material and mechanical properties of selected alternatives; and conduct large-scale testing to study the response of the alternative materials as used in structural ABC applications.

SYNTHESIS OF AVAILABLE METHODS FOR REPAIR OF PRESTRESS GIRDER ENDS PI: Mohamed Moustafa The goal of this project is to synthesize the available literature on bridge girders repair methods with focus on prestressed girders and end zones damage. The synthesis will summarize and compare the design and application procedure of different methods to provide a guide or catalog for bridge engineers working on girders end repair.

PERFORMANCE OF EXISTING ABC PROJECTS – INSPECTION CASE STUDIES PI: Mohamed Moustafa The goal of this project is to collaborate with all partner institutions in the ABC-UTC to inspect and check the performance of existing ABC projects and activities in the different regions of the country.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

INNOVATIVE FOUNDATION ALTERNATIVE FOR HIGH SPEED RAIL APPLICATION

PI: Mohamed Moustafa The goal of this project is to test the effectiveness and validity of nonproprietary UHPC mixes for ABC deck panel connections. Full-scale experimental testing will be conducted for two types of the connections and using different material sources for the UHPC.

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ACTIVE PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT OF ABC COURSE MODULE – THE RISK DUE TO INDUCED EARTHQUAKES AND ACCELERATED SOLUTIONS DEVELOPMENT OF GUIDE FOR SELECTION OF SUBSTRUCTURE FOR ABC PROJECTS PI: Musharraf Zaman The primary objective of this project is to provide guidelines for decision making by the designers and bridge owners for the selection of substructure and foundation for new bridges and replacement of existing bridges using ABC methods. This is a joint project between FIU and OU, with OU focusing on foundation and FIU on remaining.

RAPID RETROFITTING TECHNIQUES FOR INDUCED EARTHQUAKES PI: P. Scott Harvey Jr. The objective of this project is to develop analysis techniques to study the effect of large number of small earthquakes on bridges and identify appropriate ABC methods for repair of bridges damaged by induced earthquakes. Expected outcomes will be new analysis tools and guidelines to assess for damage from induced earthquakes and specifications for application of ABC repair methods.

PI: P. Scott Harvey Jr. The objective of this continuing education course is to provide the bridge community with the opportunity to learn how to estimate the cumulative seismic demand on bridges, both accelerated and conventional, due to a large number of small-to-moderate earthquakes and to educate engineers on the potential use of ABC repair/retrofit technologies. The 1-hour web-based course will provide training on the ABC-UTC Guidelines for Assessing Effect of Frequent, LowLevel Seismic Events. Also, a brief survey of available ABC repair techniques appropriate for cumulatively damaged bridges will be provided.

PERFORMANCE OF EXISTING ABC PROJECTS: INSPECTION CASE STUDIES PI: P. Scott Harvey Jr. This project has two components. The first component involves performance evaluation of two existing ABC projects. These projects will be selected in cooperation with the Oklahoma Department of Transportation and the ABC-UTC leadership at the Florida International University. The second component involves outreach (summer camp as an element) and center operation.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

DEVELOPMENT OF NON-PROPRIETARY UHPC MIX

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PI: Royce W. Floyd The primary objective of the project is to develop guidance for an “ABCUTC Non-Proprietary UHPC Mix” design produced with local materials that can achieve the necessary mechanical properties and durability for use in bridge component connections. The five ABC-UTC partner institutions will coordinate efforts to examine material properties, reinforcing bar development length, shear behavior, full-scale joint behavior, and durability of the “ABC-UTC Non-Proprietary UHPC Mix.”

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS FOR HIGH SPEED RAIL IN SEISMIC REGIONS PI: John Stanton The overall goals of the proposed research are to evaluate the structural systems presently under consideration by CAHSR, develop alternative concepts and obtain feedback from CAHSR to guide their further development, and develop preliminary calculations and drawings for selected Conceptual Designs for CASHR evaluation.


NEW SEISMIC-RESISTING CONNECTIONS OR CONCRETE-FILLED TUBE COMPONENTS IN HIGHSPEED RAIL SYSTEMS

DESIGN OF CFST COMPONENTS AND CONNECTIONS FOR TRANSPORTATION STRUCTURES: COURSE MODULE

PI: Dawn Lehman and Charles Roeder The overall goals of the proposed research are to investigate CFT and other column-to-pile connections through a literature review, select column-topile connections for study in consultation with the CAHSR technical team, investigate the seismic response and resilience of selected connections through FE analysis, and conduct limited structural analysis simulation and parametric study for a HSR bridge system.

PI: Dawn Lehman The objective is to develop a multi-part course module appropriate for practicing bridge engineers and graduate students. In addition, it is expected that parts of the course will be relevant to other transportation systems including ports and high-speed rail.

PI: Paolo M. Calvi While considerable information has been developed about many characteristics of UHPC, information about shear behavior is sparse. This project investigates experimentally the behavior of UHPC mixes subject to a variety of stress states, focusing on shear and including variables such as mix design and fiber content. The experimental data collected in this project will be used to develop a constitutive model for the shear behavior in UHPC, and in particular the non-proprietary UHPC materials being developed by the partner universities.

DEVELOPMENT OF ABC COURSE MODULE – SEISMIC CONNECTIONS PI: John Stanton The goal of the proposed research is to provide a summary of the different types of seismic connection that can be achieved using ABC methods, for the benefit of future users who may not be familiar with the extensive literature on the subject. Many different connection types have been developed, so the primary effort will go into the process of categorizing them in a rational way.

PI: John Stanton The overall goal of the proposed research is to investigate the long-term performance of projects that were constructed in the past using ABC methods, and therefore to determine whether the short-term benefits of ABC are matched by good long-term performance as well. This will be done by selecting two ABC bridges in Washington State and using them as indicators of others. Washington State was one of the first to adopt the use of precast, prestressed concrete girders, and so offers the opportunity to review a long history of that type of construction.

TSUNAMI DESIGN FORCES FOR ABC RETROFIT PI: Marc Eberhard The catastrophic damage that tsunamis cause to coastal communities is often exacerbated by the destruction of much of the transportation infrastructure. To reduce the impacts of tsunamis, it is essential that transportation agencies retrofit bridges using methods that minimize disruption to the current transportation system. This project leverages funds from the University of Washington to provide initial estimates of forces that a tsunami would impose on a bridge as the result of debris-laden flows.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

DEVELOPMENT OF NON-PROPRIETARY UHPC MIX – EVALUATION OF THE SHEAR STRENGTH OF UHPC

PERFORMANCE OF EXISTING ABC PROJECTS – INSPECTION CASE STUDIES

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ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

RESEARCH PROJECT SPOTLIGHT

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PI: Seung Jae Lee Graduate Research Assistant: Ali Bakhtiari

“This work paves the way for practical use of detailed computational simulations in demolition planning, which has great potential in reducing accident risks and construction delays. The project leverages an existing simulation and visualization platform (Blender) and provides and add-on that is specifically developed for bridge demolition simulations.” Anoosh Shamsabadi, Supervising Engineering Manager, California High-Speed Rail

OBJECTIVE:

Develop a numerical simulation technique that can realistically model, simulate and visualize the bridge demolition to underpin transparency in the communication process between structural engineers, contractors and stakeholders, which will better support the decision making.

SYNOPSIS:

Bridges represent a significant subpopulation of our civil infrastructure. A majority of these bridges are deteriorating fast and are in need of replacement or rehabilitation. The first step of those replacement/rehabilitation projects are typically to either entirely or partly demolish the existing structure. Therefore, proactive planning for controlled demolition is of utmost importance to proceed with the rest of construction project in a timely manner. Maintaining the integrity of neighboring infrastructure, e.g., permanent roadways, nearby transmission lines, and the safety of workers are critical issues, for which contingency plans also must be developed based on any feasible emergency scenarios. It is typically difficult to develop a general guideline/specification that can facilitate safe and efficient demolition, and very limited information has been available to guide structural engineers and contractors on how to proceed with the demolition of an existing structure. This lack of generalized procedure has led to structural engineers and contractors approaching the demolition work differently, and as a result, most states neither specify parameters for demolition equipment nor require the submission of contractor qualifications with the demolition plans. The potential hazards and inefficiency may be better controlled and possibly eliminated by leveraging computer simulation that can help realistically predict the demolition process. However, such computer tools for simulation-aided demolition are not available in the bridge engineering community. This study aims to enhance the predictive capabilities by exploring a set of numerical simulation techniques that can realistically model, simulate and visualize the bridge demolition, which will better support the engineers and contractors’ decision making.

DELIVERABLE:

Developed numerical simulation technique for bridge demolition and report/guideline.

Numerical simulation of bridge demolition using a wrecking ball

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

A PREDICTIVE COMPUTER SIMULATION FOR PROACTIVE DEMOLITION PLANNING

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CORROSION DURABILITY OF REINFORCED CONCRETE UTILIZING UHPC FOR ABC APPLICATIONS PI: Kingsley Lau, Atorod Azizinamini, David Garber Graduate Research Assistant: Mahsa Farzad

“The findings of this research are highly valuable to bridge owners considering Accelerated Bridge Construction and the use of Ultra High Performance Concrete as a repair material for reinforced concrete bridges in a marine environment.”

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Nancy Daubenberger, P.E., Assistant Commissioner, Minnesota Department of Transportation

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OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the corrosion durability performance of UHPC joints between precast reinforced concrete sections.

SYNOPSIS: In the United States, ~30% of the ~600,000 highway bridges are labeled structurally deficient or functionally obsolete. Approximately 65% of the bridges in the United State are reinforced concrete, of which 40% are classified as structurally deficient or functionally obsolete. Many of these bridges are damaged due to chloride induced corrosion of the reinforcing steel. Structural members damaged by corrosion are typically repaired by removal of delaminated concrete and application of repair patches or jackets, but traditional repair methods have limitations due to the presence of incipient anodes after removal of the damaged concrete and replacement with chloride-free repair material. The development and application of effective repair methods and durable materials aiming at extending the lifetime of both existing and new structures is a critical issue. The enhanced mechanical and low permeability characteristics of ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) have been widely reported and make UHPC a material of interest for structural applications including rehabilitation of concrete structures. Application of UHPC can potentially result in both technical and economic advantages, including decreased reinforcement corrosion activity and an increase in service life. Because it is becoming more common to apply UHPC for rehabilitation to improve strength, improved protection against corrosion would serve as a complimentary benefit of this treatment. Experimental research on the corrosion durability of a proposed Accelerated Bridge Construction (ABC) solution to repair reinforced concrete elements in marine environments utilizing UHPC is presented in this report.

DELIVERABLE:

To establish guidelines for the corrosion durability performance of UHPC joints between precast reinforced concrete sections.

Corrosion Damage of Marine Bridge Substructure


EXTENDING MAXIMUM LENGTH OF THE FOLDED STEEL PLATE GIRDER BRIDGE SYSTEM (FSPGBS), EXCEEDING 100 FT. WITH CAPABILITY TO INCORPORATE CAMBER PI: Atorod Azizinamini

“Vermont has hundreds bridges between 60 and 100 feet with many approaching the need for replacement or major rehabilitation. These are our bread and butter bridges and we always seek an ABC solution first. Vermont is pleased to see research and advancements in extending the length of the Folded Steel Plate Girder Bridge System up to 100’. With no need for internal or external cross frames for local or global stability, the Folded Steel Plate Girder Bridge System is sure to be in Vermont’s ABC tool box.” Kristin M. Higgins, P.E. , Structures Program Manager, Vermont Agency of Transportation

OBJECTIVE:

The main objective of this research is to develop a new version of FSPGBS with maximum span length, exceeding 100 ft. with allowance to incorporate camber.

SYNOPSIS:

The nation’s bridge inventory is aging, and most of substandard bridge spans needing replacement are under 100 feet in length. Concrete is currently the only economical material for these shorter girders. With available funding far less than bridge upgrade needs, a competitive alternative material is needed for accelerated replacement of a large number of substandard spans that are 100 feet and shorter in length. The existing Folded Steel Plate Girder Bridge System (FSPGBS), developed by researchers provides an economical short-span steel bridge alternative for spans less than 60 feet in length. This trapezoidal-shaped beam is lightweight and well suited for ABC applications. Its cross-section is stable without internal or external cross frames for streamlined fabrication and is open along the bottom for ease of safety inspection. Construction contractors and design consultants have recommended the development of a modified version of the FSPGBS for span lengths approaching 100 feet to provide a steel girder alternative to concrete girder bridges in this span range. Under this project, the maximum length of the FSPGBS will be extended to about 100 feet. Final report is published. Project outputs include design and fabrication details for a next-generation FSPGBS with a strengthened cross-section to accommodate spans up to 100 feet in length.

Example for UHPC Based Solutions

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

DELIVERABLE:

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NDT METHODS APPLICABLE TO HEALTH MONITORING OF ABC CLOSURE JOINTS PI: Armin Mehrabi Graduate Research Assistant: Saman Farhangdoust Undergraduate Student: Sayed Feras Almosawi

“Bridge owners are concerned about the durability and the longevity of structures built using ABC and are seeking assurances about long term performance. Guidelines for the use of NDT methods to evaluate closure joints, a critical element of ABC, will give bridge owners the confidence they need.”

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Ahmad Abu-Hawash, Chief Structural Engineer, Iowa DOT

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OBJECTIVE:

Review and identification of practical and economical methods for field inspection and damage detection of ABC closure joints, immediately after completion and periodically thereafter during its service life.

SYNOPSIS:

In Accelerated Bridge Construction (ABC), prefabricated bridge deck elements are connected using “Closure Joints.” Because of cast-in-place nature of closure joints that are expected to go into service and field observations, there have been some concerns about their long-term durability. This has necessitated the need for health monitoring of ABC closure joints using Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) methods. Closure joints contain unique features and require special treatment when it comes to selecting the appropriate NDT technique. However, a clear guideline for selection of the most applicable NDT method for various types of closure joints have not been developed yet. To address this, a research project was carried out at ABC-UTC at FIU that included review of all relevant NDT methods and efforts for categorizing closure joints based on features affecting the use of NDT. Since the applicability of NDT methods depends heavily on the type of expected anomaly to be detected and its root causes, all potential defects and damages were identified and investigated using a Damage Sequence Tree (DST). Consequently, damage etiology for closure joints was established based on Fault Tree Analysis (FTA). Finally, a quantitative statistical analysis was performed to substantiate the selection of the most applicable NDT methods. The guideline and procedure developed can be readily used by bridge owners and consultants as a practical guideline for selection of NDT methods for health monitoring of ABC bridges with closure joints.

DELIVERABLE:

A guideline for selection of NDT methods for health monitoring of ABC Closure Joints. NDT Methods Suitable for each type of Defect in order of Priority


PERFORMANCE COMPARISON OF IN-SERVICE, FULL-DEPTH PRECAST CONCRETE DECK PANELS TO CAST-IN-PLACE DECKS PI: David Garber Graduate Research Assitant: Esmail Shahrokhinasab Undergraduate Student Intern: Josef Ricardo

“The comprehensive study by Dr. Garber of the performance of full depth deck panels will help bridge owners select the appropriate deck system for their ABC projects.” Ahmad Abu-Hawash, Chief Structural Engineer, Iowa DOT

OBJECTIVE:

Determine (1) the in-service performance of full-depth, precast concrete (FDPC) deck panels compared to conventional cast-inplace (CIP) decks through and (2) successful and problematic details for FDPC deck panels and connections.

SYNOPSIS:

Full-depth, precast concrete deck panels have been heavily used in bridge construction since the 1970’s. The use of these panels has traditionally been thought to both accelerate construction and improve the long-term durability performance of the bridge deck. While many engineers and academia are intrinsically aware that confined precast can perform equally or better than no confined, cast-in-place concrete, evaluation between the two has never been studied holistically. The main objective of this project was to determine the in-service performance of full-depth, precast concrete (FDPC) deck panels compared to conventional cast-in-place (CIP) decks. The secondary objective was to determine successful and problematic details for these members. A survey was developed and distributed to state DOTs. Survey responses were used to develop the FDPC Deck Panel Database, which was then used with LTBP InfoBridge to determine the performance of bridges with FDPC deck panels and similar bridges with CIP decks.

DELIVERABLE:

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Performance comparison between FDPC deck panels and CIP decks, recommended details from user perspective and performance basis.

Commonly used connection details between FDPC Deck Panels

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INNOVATIVE ABC UHPC BASED SOLUTIONS

“In some locations, reducing or eliminating construction impacts to traffic is essential. The research by the FIU UTC group has widened the applications where ABC can be used and has substantially reduced the construction time. Implementation of the research results, especially for connections of precast elements can make it possible for owner agencies to further reduce construction-related impacts to individuals and the trucking industry.�

PI: Atorod Azizinamini Graduate Research Assistant: Alireza Valikhani, Masha Farzad, Mohamadreza Shafieifar, Nerma Caluk, Sheharyar Rehmat, Carlos Sosa, Abbas Khodayari

Bruce Johnson, retired Oregon State Bridge Engineer

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

1

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2

3


OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this project is to develop innovative versatile UHPC based solutions for ABC applications. These UHPC based solutions addresses both new and existing bridges. The major sub-projects within this umbrella project includes: • Experimental Investigation of High Performing Protective Shell used for Retrofitting Bridge Elements: Members subjected to predominantly moment.

Example for UHPC Based Solutions

• Experimental Investigation of High Performing Protective Shell used for Retrofitting Bridge Elements: Members subjected to predominantly axial loads.

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CFT to Footing Connection using UHPC

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Prefabricated UHPC Shells

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UHPC Shells for Retrofitting Bridge Elements Members subjected to axial loads.

4 UHPC Shells for Retrofitting Bridge Elements Members subjected to

predominantly moment.

• Alternative ABC Connection for Connecting Precast Column to Cap Beam Using UHPC. • Envisioning Connection detail for Connecting Concrete Filled Tube (CFT) columns to cap beam for High Speed Rail Application. • Eliminating Column formwork using Prefabricated UHPC ShellsUnder this project formwork is replaced with UHPC shell. • Repair and Retrofit of Timber Piles using UHPC. • Prefabricated Bridge Railing utilizing UHPC Connections.

STATUS:

1-Experimental Investigation of High Performing Protective Shell used for Retrofitting Bridge Elements (Completed). 2-Alternative ABC Connection for Connecting Precast Column to Cap Beam Using UHPC (Completed). 3-Accelerated Retrofit of Bridge Columns using UHPC Shell (Completed) 4-Envisioning Connection detail for Connecting Concrete Filled Tube (CFT) columns to cap beam for High Speed Rail Application (Ongoing) 5-Eliminating Column formwork using Prefabricated UHPC Shells (Ongoing) 6-Repair and Retrofit of Timber Piles using UHPC (Ongoing) 7-Prefabricated Bridge Railing utilizing UHPC Connections (Ongoing)

DELIVERABLE:

For the completed projects final reports are provided. At the conclusion of the project an ABC-UTC Guide for UHPC based ABC solutions will be developed that will address the design and construction provisions for the above sub-projects. The Guide will be updated as projects are finalized.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

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DEVELOPMENT OF PREFABRICATED BRIDGE RAILINGS PI: Terry Wipf Co-PIs: Sri Sritharan, Brent Phares Graduate Research Assistant: Ashley Ecklund

“The significant potential of the developed barrier details to accelerate bridge construction nationwide prompted Iowa and several other states to undertake a crash test on the proposed system through a pool fund project.” Ahmad Abu-Hawash, Chief Structural Engineer, Iowa DOT

OBJECTIVE:

Develop prefabricated concrete bridge barriers with dependable connections. The connections were designed with considerations such as, constructability, durability, easy repair, minimal damage to deck, and cost.

SYNOPSIS:

Many transportation organizations have embraced Accelerated Bridge Construction (ABC) to reduce both the traffic impacts and societal costs. One of the most common means to achieve ABC is to utilize prefabricated elements that are connected on site to construct a bridge. ABC will not be effective if bridge barriers require cast-in-place construction. The purpose of this report is to present details of a precast barrier and two connection alternatives between the deck and precast barriers. In addition, a new connection between two adjacent prefabricated barriers is presented. All three connections were tested using full-scale precast barriers and a video summarizing the test can be found at https://youtu.be/up6sMEeqfaU.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

One barrier-to-deck connection used inclined reinforcing bars with threaded ends that were connected to bar splicers embedded in the bridge deck. The other barrier-to-deck connection used U-shaped bars that were inserted into the barrier from the underside of the bridge deck overhang. Factors that were considered when designing the connections were minimal damage to deck, easy replacement of barrier, constructability, durability, and cost.

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The barrier-to-barrier connection utilized headed reinforcement in the longitudinal and transverse directions. The connections were designed to meet TL-4 loads as per the Manual for Assessing Safety Hardware (MASH) and Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) Bridge Design Specifications. This report presents results from various tests and shows that all proposed connections are viable for accelerated construction of concrete barriers, although some refinement to the tested details are recommended.

DELIVERABLE:

Laboratory-tested design details for F-shape prefabricated bridge rails with two barrier connection systems. The resulting bridge deck and prefabricated barrier after testing was completed.


AN INTEGRATED PROJECT TO ENTERPRISE LEVEL DECISION MAKING FRAMEWORK FOR PRIORITIZATION OF ACCELERATED BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION PI: Alice Alipour Co-PI: Doug Gransberg Graduate Research Assistant: Ning Zhang

“Utilizing a holistic approach and considering the impact of bridge replacement techniques on the transportation network will aid in the decision making process when considering ABC” Ahmad Abu-Hawash, Chief Structural Engineer, Iowa DOT

OBJECTIVE:

Development of i) an enterprise-level decision making framework by simulating the transportation network of the region under consideration, definition of the performance measures, identification of critical facilities, social effects, economic impact to business/ industrial districts in the region for prioritization and ranking of the ABC bridge candidates, and ii) a matrix-based project-level decision framework consisting of important indices (such as time, cost, or safety) that affect the outcome of the project in terms of time and constructability

SYNOPSIS:

Accelerated bridge construction (ABC) techniques are rapidly gaining acceptance as an alternative to conventional construction to reduce construction duration and minimize the impact of closures at the network level. There are different types of ABC and each technique has its limitations and speed of completion. The choice of using a specific ABC depends on a host of different factors including its applicability to specific bridge site, criticality of the bridge to the network, and availability of capital funds for its implementation. Some of these factors tend to have contradicting affects, as a faster ABC technique often entails higher investment levels; on the other hand, a faster technique for a bridge with high criticality to the network may result in large savings in user costs. Holistic decision making framework using quantifiable measures. The framework not only considers the project level factors in choice of ABC techniques but also goes beyond the physical borders of a specific project and considers the regional effects that a specific bridge could have in the everyday life and long term growth of the region.

The framework of MIP model for bridge replacement and ABC techniques

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

DELIVERABLE:

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INTEGRAL ABUTMENT DETAILS FOR ABC PROJECTS, PHASE II PI: Travis Hosteng Co-PI: Behrouz Shafei Graduate Research Assistant: Austin DeJong

“This research undertaken by the ABC-UTC is leading to details for integral abutments that can constructed in an accelerated fashion satisfying both our need for speed and long-lasting, low maintenance durability. “ Jim Nelson, State Bridge Engineer, Iowa DOT

Design, test, and analyze three connection details for ABC of Integral Abutments. These have details per the Iowa DOT and are to replace the typical cast-in-place connection of integral abutment construction. The three connection details include Grouted Reinforcing Bar Couplers, Pile Couplers, and a UHPC-Joint. They will connect the integral diaphragm to the bridge pile cap and develop sufficient strength to allow for traffic in 1-5 days, instead of curing time of at least 7 days for the cast-in-place. Testing and analysis of the connections are compared to the results of Phase I testing and analysis of the cast-in-place control connection detail.

SYNOPSIS:

Accelerated Bridge Construction (ABC), is growing in popularity within the bridge community and is gaining traction for research projects to investigate how the construction of bridge elements can be expedited. One such element being investigated is the integral abutment. The integral abutment alleviates the need for the expansion joint by having the superstructure rigidly connected to the foundation to cause the two elements to act together in response to traffic loads as well as thermal expansions and contractions. In addition to the reinforcing congestion, the construction tolerances and weight of the integral abutments cause some problems for ABC projects. These issues were the basis for this project to investigate the use of couplers and ultrahigh performance concrete, while applying ABC techniques. The foundation element of focus was the pile cap, and the superstructure element investigated was the integral diaphragm, which consists of the deck and cast-in-place beam. The strength and durability of the connection details were evaluated through full-scale laboratory testing that applied simulated thermal loads and live loads. The results of these tests were compared to the control specimen tested in Phase I, as well as comparing the revised designs in Phase II to the original designs from Phase I.

DELIVERABLE:

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

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OBJECTIVE:

The project will consist of construction drawings for each of the three connection details, a final report showing the design philosophy, connection design, testing, and analysis of results, as well as Guidelines for design and implementation of the connections in ABC projects.

Grouted Reinforcing Bar Coupler (GRBC) Connection


SHAKE TABLE STUDIES OF A BRIDGE SYSTEM WITH ABC CONNECTIONS PI: M. Saiid Saiidi Co-PI: Ahmad Itani Senior Personnel: Mohamed Moustafa Graduate Research Assistant: Elmira Shoushtari

OBJECTIVE:

Investigate the seismic performance of a large-scale two-span bridge system that integrates some of the more promising ABC connections. The specific objectives of the project are to determine constructability issues related to assembling bridge components and connections, interaction among bridge components, effect of combined gravity and bidirectional seismic loading on ABC connections, and adequacy of emerging seismic design guidelines for ABC connections.

SYNOPSIS:

“Shake table validation of the seismic performance of prefabricated bridge elements and their connections will allow engineers to confidently design resilient bridge substructure systems that may be rapidly constructed provide enhanced seismic performance and improve postevent serviceability. “ Elmer E. Marx, Senior Bridge Engineer, Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities

Connections between prefabricated elements in ABC bridges are critical in high seismic areas to maintain the integrity of the bridge system. Various ABC connections have been investigated at the component level. However, to confidently recommend ABC bridges for adoption in standard bridge design and construction, they should be tested as a system. This study aimed at addressing this issue by conducting experimental and analytical investigations of a 0.35-scale twospan steel girder bridge system with six ABC connection types: (1) column-to-footing rebar hinge pocket connection, (2) column-tohybrid cap beam grouted duct connection, (3) steel girder-to-cap beam connection, (4) girder-to-deck grouted pocket connection, (5) ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC)-filled joints between the deck panels, and (6) UHPC-filled joint over the pier. The bridge system was tested to failure on shake tables under successive motions simulating scaled versions of the 1994 Northridge-Sylmar earthquake. Results demonstrated that the performance of the bridge model was comparable to cast-in-place bridges.

DELIVERABLE:

2) Seismic testing of a 2-span bridge model using shake tables and instrumentation plans and protocol developed in this study. 3) Developing a reliable analytical model for simulation of the inelastic seismic behavior of ABC bridge systems. 4) A report summarizing the key activities and conclusions regarding component versus system performance, interaction among different components, and variation of load path under different limit states. Assembly of Precast Pier Segments

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

1) A synthesis of the literature on seismic performance and a summary of optimum ABC connections and prefabricated elements with a ranking system.

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Atorod Azizinamini PhD, P.E. Bridge Engineering Professor and Chair Civil and Environmental Engineering (305) 348-3821 aazizina@fiu.edu

David Garber PhD, P.E.

FIU FACULTY & RESEARCH ASSOCIATE DIRECTORY

Bridge Engineering Assistant Professor Civil and Environmental Engineering (305) 348-4879 dgarber@fiu.edu

Mohammed Hadi PhD, P.E.

Transportation-ITS Professor Civil and Environmental Engineering (305) 348-0092 hadim@fiu.edu

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Seung Jae Lee PhD

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Advanced Analysis Assistant Professor Civil and Environmental Engineering (305) 348-1086 sjlee@fiu.edu


Kingsley Lau PhD

Wallied Orabi PhD

Islam Mantawy PhD

Hesham Ali, PhD, P.E., CPM

Pezhman Mardanpour PhD

Lu Zhang, PhD

Armin Mehrabi PhD, P.E.

Arif Mohaimin Sadri, PhD

Bridge Engineering Research Assistant Professor Civil and Environmental Engineering (305) 348-0010 imantawy@fiu.edu

Mechanical and Material Assistant Professor Mechanical and Materials Engineering (305) 348-6103 pmardanp@fiu.edu

Bridge Engineering Associate Professor Civil and Environmental Engineering (305) 348-3653 amehrabi@fiu.edu

Construction Engineering Associate Professor Construction Management (305) 348-2730 worabi@fiu.edu

Pavement and Geotechnical Professor of Practice (305) 348-6755 heaali@fiu.edu

Infrastructure Resilience and Sustainable Construction Assistant Professor 305-348-7227 luzhang@fiu.edu

Evacuation Modeling, Network Modeling, Infrastructure Resilience, Shared Mobility Assistant Professor (305) 348-0018 asadri@fi u.edu

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Corrosion Engineering Associate Professor Civil and Environmental Engineering (305) 348-6124 kilau@fiu.edu

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Alice Alipour PhD, P.E.

Structural and Transportation Engineering Assistant Professor Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, ISU Phone: 515-294-3280 alipour@iastate.edu

An Chen PhD, P.E., LEED AP

ISU FACULTY & RESEARCH ASSOCIATE DIRECTORY

Bridge and Structural Engineering Faculty AfďŹ liate / Bridge Engineering Center / Institute for Transportation Assistant Professor Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, ISU 515-294-3460 achen@iastate.edu

Katelyn Freeseman PhD

Bridge Engineering Assistant Director / Bridge Engineering Center Institute for Transportation Adjunct Research Professor Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, ISU 515-294-3620 kfreese@iastate.edu

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Douglas D. Gransberg PhD, P.E.

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Construction Engineering Professor Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering Iowa State University (515)-294-4148 greimann@iastate.edu


Lowell Greimann PhD, P.E.

Jennifer Shane PhD

Travis Hosteng PhD, P.E.

Sri Sritharan PhD

Brent Phares PhD, P.E.

Terry Wipf PhD

Structural Engineering Bridge Engineer / Bridge Engineering Center / Institute for Transportation Emeritus Professor Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering, ISU (515) 294-8103 greimann@iastate.edu Bridge Engineering Bridge Research Specialist / Bridge Engineering Center / Institute for Transportation, ISU (515) 294-7197 kickhos@iastate.edu

Bridge Engineering Research Associate Professor Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Phone: 515-294-5879 bphares@iastate.edu

Construction Engineering Associate Professor Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, ISU / Director of Construction Management and Technology Program, Institute for Transportation Phone: 515-294-1703 jsshane@iastate.edu Seismic Engineering Grace Miller Wilson and T. A. Wilson Endowed Engineering Professor Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, ISU (515) 294-5238 sri@iastate.edu

Bridge Engineering Professor Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Phone: 515-294-6979 tjwipf@iastate.edu

Structural and Material Engineering Assistant Professor Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, ISU Materials Science and Engineering (Courtesy), ISU Phone: 515-294-4058 shafei@iastate.edu

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Behrouz Shafei PhD, P.E.

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Ahmad M. Itani PhD, P.E.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

UNR FACULTY & RESEARCH ASSOCIATE DIRECTORY

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Seismic Engineering ABC-UTC Co-director Professor and Chair Civil and Environmental Engineering Department University of Nevada—Reno (775) 784-4379 itani@unr.edu

Mohamed A. Moustafa PhD, P.E. Seismic Engineering Assistant Professor Civil and Environmental Engineering Department University of Nevada—Reno (775) 682-7919 mmoustafa@unr.edu

M. Saiid Saiidi PhD, P.E.

Seismic Engineering ABC-UTC Co-director Director Center for Advanced Technology in Bridges and Infrastructure Professor Civil and Environmental Engineering Department University of Nevada—Reno (775) 784-4839 saiidi@unr.edu


Royce Floyd, PhD, P.E.

Jeffery Volz, SE, PE, PhD

P. Scott Harvey Jr., PhD, P.E.

Musharraf Zaman, PhD, P.E.

K.K. “Muralee” Muraleetharan, PhD, P.E., G.E.

Chris Ramseyer, PhD, P.E., FACI

OU FACULTY & RESEARCH ASSOCIATE DIRECTORY

Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering Assistant Professor (405) 325-3836 harvey@ou.edu

Geotechnical Engineering, Geoenvironmental Engineering, Earthquake Engineering Kimmell-Bernard Chair in Engineering, David Ross Boyd and Presidential Professor of Civil Engineering and Environmental Science (405) 325-4247 muralee@ou.edu

Structural Engineering Professor Director of Fears Structural Engineering Laboratory (405) 325-1489 volz@ou.edu

Geotechnical Engineering, Geomechanics, Materials Testing and Modeling David Ross Boyd Chair & Aaron Alexander Chair Professor (405) 325-2626 zaman@ou.edu

Structural Engineering, Civil Engineering Materials Facilities Director Donald G. Fears Structural Engineering Laboratory Professor 405-325-1415 ramseyer@ou.edu

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Structural Engineering Associate Professor 405-325-1010 rfloyd@ou.edu

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Jeffrey Berman, PhD

Mike Motley, PhD, P.E.

Paolo Calvi, PhD

Charles Roeder, PhD, P.E.

Marc O. Eberhard, PhD

John Stanton, PhD, P.E.

Seismic Behavior of Steel Structures Thomas & Marilyn Nielsen Associate Professor Phone: (206) 616-3530 Email: jwberman@uw.edu

UW FACULTY & RESEARCH ASSOCIATE DIRECTORY

Seismic Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Structures Assistant Professor Email: pmc85@uw.edu Phone: (206) 616-0511

Bridge Engineering (Reinforced Concrete, Earthquakes, Tsunamis) Professor Phone: (206) 543-4815 Email: eberhard@uw.edu

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Dawn E. Lehman, PhD, P.E.

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Bridge Engineering (Steel and Composites; Earthquakes) Professor Phone: (206) 715-2108 Email: delehman@uw.edu

Tsunami Engineering Assistant Professor Phone: (206) 685-1709 Email: mrmotley@uw.edu

Bridge Engineering (Steel and Composites; Earthquakes) Professor Phone: (206) 543-6199 Email: croeder@uw.edu

Bridge Engineering Professor Phone: (206) 543-6057 Email: stanton@uw.edu


Daniel Castillo, MS

Ali Bakhtari (PhD Student)

Francisco Chitty, (PhD candidate)

Mohamadtaqi Baqersad, P.E. (PhD Candidate)

Saiada Fuadi Fancy (PhD Candidate)

Sumana Bhattacharya (PhD Candidate)

Saman Farhangdoust (PhD Student)

Nerma Caluk (MS Student)

Mahsa Farzad, (PhD Candidate)

Graduated: Fall 2018 salmo011@fiu.edu Employer: Vector Engineering Services

Expected graduation: Fall 2023 abakh003@fiu.edu

Expected Graduation: Fall 2019 mbaqe001@fiu.edu

Expected Graduation: Summer 2019 sbhat014@fiu.edu

Graduation: Spring 2020 ncalu001@fiu.edu

Graduation: Fall 2018 dcast209@fiu.edu Employer: Hardesty & Hanover

Expected Graduation: Spring 2020 fchit001@fiu.edu

Expected Graduation: Summer 2019 sfanc002@fiu.edu

Expected Graduation: Summer 2021 sfarh006@fiu.edu

Graduation: Spring 2019 mfarz003@fiu.edu

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

FIU GRADUATE STUDENT RESEARCH ASSISTANTS

Sayed Feras AlMosawi, MS

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Dewan Hossain (PhD Candidate)

Samanbar Permeh (PhD Student)

Amir Sadeghnejad, (PhD Candidate)

Ehsan Izadpanahi (PhD Candidate)

Sheharyar-eRehmat, (PhD Candidate)

Esmail Shahrokhinasab (PhD, Student)

Azadeh Jaberi Jahromi, (PhD Candidate)

(Nazanin Rezaei, PhD Student

Mohamadreza Shafieifar, PhD

Seyedmirsajad Mokhtarimousavi (PhD Student)

Roberto Rodriguez (PhD Student)

Alireza Valikhani, (PhD candidate)

Expected Graduation: Fall 2019 dhoss001@fiu.edu

Expected Graduation: Spring 2020 eizad001@fiu.edu

Graduated Summer 2019 ajabe002@fiu.edu

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Expected Graduation: Spring 2020 smokh005@fiu.edu

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Expected Graduation: Summer 2020 Sperm005@fiu.edu

Expected Graduation: Fall 2020 ssheh005@fiu.edu

Graduation: Spring 2018 nreza002@fiu.edu

Expected Graduation: Fall 2022 rrodr111@fiu.edu

Expected Graduation: Fall 2020 asade010@fiu.edu

Expected Graduation: Summer 2021 eshah004@fiu.edu

Graduation: Fall 2018 m.shafieifar@gmail.com Employer: TYLIN International (Bridge Engineer)

Expected Graduation: Fall 2019 avail023@fiu.edu


Kara Korthals (MS Student):

Expected Graduation: Summer 2019 dejong@iastate.edu

Expected Graduation: Spring 2020 karak@iastate.edu

Michael Dopko, (PhD Student)

Zhengyu Liu, PhD

Expected Graduation: Fall 2021 mdopko@iastate.edu

Graduation: May 2018 zhengyu@iastate.edu Employed: Bridge Engineering Center (ISU)

Ashley Ecklund, (MS student)

Jin Yan, (PhD Student)

Shahin Hajilar, PhD

Ning Zhang (PhD Student)

Expected Graduation Date: Spring 2019 aecklund@iastate.edu

Graduated: Spring 2018 shajilar@iastate.edu Employed: Bridge Engineering Center (ISU)

Expected Graduation: Summer 2020 ccee_yanjin@iastate.edu

Expected Graduation: Summer 2020 ningzh@iastate.edu

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

ISU GRADUATE STUDENT RESEARCH ASSISTANTS

Austin DeJong, (MS Student)

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UNR GRADUATE STUDENT RESEARCH ASSISTANTS

Bahareh Abdollahi, PhD

Mohammad Abbasi (PhD Student)

Mahmoud Aboukifa, (PhD student)

Negar Naeimi, (PhD Student)

Evan Jordan, (MS)

Elmira Shoushtari (PhD Candidate)

Graduated: Summer 2017 Bahareh.Abdollahi@Kiewit.com Employer: Kiewit Infrastructure Engineers

Expected Graduation: Fall 2019 maboukifa@nevada.unr.edu

Graduation: Spring 2017 ejjordan983@gmail.com Employer: Magnusson Klemencic Associates

Alireza Mohebbi, (PhD Candidate)

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Graduation: Spring 2017 ar.mohebi@gmail.com Employer: The Federal Highway Administration in McClain, Virginia.

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Graduation: Fall 2018 mabbasi@nevada.unr.edu Employer: Nevada, DOT

Graduation: Spring 2019 negar.naeimi@gmail.com

Graduation: Spring 2019 sh.elmira88@gmail.com Employer: Dynamic Isolation Systems

Grishma Shrestha, (PhD Candidate)

Graduation: 2018 gshrestha86@gmail.com Employer: CivilTech Engineering


Syed Ashik Ali (PhD Student)

Mohamed Abokifa (PhD Student)

Expected Graduation: Fall 2019 maboukifa@nevada.unr.edu

OU GRADUATE STUDENT RESEARCH ASSISTANTS

Expected Graduation: Spring 2020

Sumangali Sivakumaran (MS Student)

José Benjumea (PhD Student)

Graduated: Spring 2019 jbenjumea@nevada.unr.edu Employer: Universidad Industrial de Santander

Expected Graduation: Fall 2019

Jared Jones (PhD Student)

Expected Graduation: Fall 2021 jaredstanley@unr.edu.

Michelle Chang (MS Student)

Expected Graduation: Summer 2020

Alec Yuetter (MS Student)

Expected Graduation: Fall 2019

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

UW GRADUATE STUDENT RESEARCH ASSISTANTS

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Our program has an undergraduate research internship program to promote the involvement of undergraduate students in the ABCUTC. The internships are used to attract undergraduate students to transportation-related employment.

FIU UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH INTERNS Hamza Al-shalabi (BS Student)

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Saivy Nasser, BS

Jose De Jesus Alvarez (BS Student)

Expected Graduation: Spring 2019

Graduated: Fall 2017 Employer: Baxter & Woodman

Jamie Danies (BS Student)

Andrew Puglisi (BS Student)

Expected Graduation: Spring 2020

Expected Graduation: Fall 2019

Manfredi Di Maggio (BS Student)

Josef Ricardo (BS student)

Monica Diaz (BS, Student)

Expected Graduation: Spring 2020

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ISU UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH INTERNS

Graduation: Spring 2019 Current Employer: LEAD Accepted into MS program at FIU in Fall 2019

Carlos Mena (BS Student)

Graduated: Fall 2018 Employer: Perfetto Contracting (Brooklyn, NY)

Graduation: Fall 2017 Employer: Ribbeck Engineering, Inc. (REI)

Expected Graduation: Fall 2019

Matthew Dahl (BS Student)

Expected Graduation: Spring 2019

Zac Dietrich (BS, Student)

Expected Graduation: Spring 2019


UNR UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH INTERNS Mitch Honsa (BS, 2018)

Expected Graduation: Spring 2019

Noelle Weaver (BS, 2019 and MS, 2020) Expected Graduation: Fall 2019 (BS) Fall 2020 (MS)

Christian Camarena (BS Student)

Expected Graduation: Spring 2019

Kylar Oh, BS Graduated: Fall 2018

Expected Graduation: Spring 2021

UW UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH INTERNS Taneum Luciani (BS Student)

Michael Volk (BS Student)

Expected Graduation: Spring 2020

Expected Graduation: Summer 2019

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Krishan Sritharan (BS, Student)

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ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

ABC-UTC EDUCATION & WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT

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OUTSTANDING STUDENT OF THE YEAR Each year the ABC-UTC selected one of its graduate students for the Council of University Transportation Center’s Outstanding Student of the Year competition for each grant.

EVAN JORDAN (MS)

2017 WINNER

His thesis study is concerned with developing a unified acceptance criterion for testing mechanical bar splices for use in earthquake-resistant ABC column connections. Additional proposed guidelines for testing CopperAluminum-Manganese (CAM) shape-memory alloys will also be presented.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Evan Jordan received a Bachelor of Science degree in Civil Engineering at the University of Nevada, Reno and master’s in civil engineering with focus on structural and earthquake engineering also from UNR. His research topic is focusing on the dynamic and seismic behavior of mechanical couplers for ABC connections. He is devising a new apparatus and novel testing protocol for dynamic loading (with cyclic load reversals) for mechanical couplers for use in the plastic hinge region of a bridge column. As part of his affiliation with the ABC-UTC, he has assisted in the construction of a bridge that featured innovative ABC connections over 70’ long. Evan also had an internship for the specialized seismic isolation firm (Dynamic Isolation Systems, DIS) where he assisted in the analysis of hysteresis loops for isolation bearings and compiled detailed reports regarding their performance.

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MOHAMADTAQI BAQERSAD (PhD STUDENT, P.E.) ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

2018 WINNER

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Mohamadtaqi Baqersad is a graduate research assistant at Florida International University in Miami, FL. He received his M.Sc. in Civil Engineering from Isfahan University of Technology in Iran in 2014, and his B.S. in Civil Engineering in 2011 from Yazd University in Iran. In his Master’s thesis, he worked on numerical simulation of consolidation settlement of saturated soil. He has started his PhD in structural and Pavement Engineering since August 2015. Currently, he is working on an ABC project called “Development of Guide for Selection of Substructure for ABC Projects” at Florida International University under the supervision of Professors Armin Mehrabi and Hesham Ali. This project provides guidelines for decision making by the designers and bridge owners for the selection of substructure and foundation for new bridges and replacement of existing bridges using the ABC methods, including evaluation, retrofitting, design, and construction. His thesis study is concerned with Rheological and Chemical Characteristics of Asphalt Binders Recycled using Recycling Agents and Nanoparticles.


Austin DeJong is a graduate student in the Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering at Iowa State University working for Prof. Behrouz Shafei on integral abutment connection details. He completed a Bachelor’s degree in Civil Engineering at the South Dakota State University in 2017. Austin DeJong is from Edgerton, MN, where he was active in a number of community service activities. He is currently a member of American Society of Civil Engineers and American Concrete Institute. He has also contributed to Chi Epsilon, the Civil Engineering Honor Society, in various capacities, including treasurer, secretary, and president. His thesis study is concerned with Integral Abutment Connection Details for Accelerated Bridge Construction.

AUSTIN DEJONG (MS STUDENT)

Both students were recognized at the 2018 CUCT Awards Banquet Dinner in Washington, DC in January 2019.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

2018 WINNER

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MENTORING PROGRAM

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

In 2017 and 2018, we continue to fulfil our goal by helping the undergraduate and graduate students best prepare for the workforce. To that end the ABC-UTC has been connecting students to an industry mentor who helps to welcome the student to the ABC-UTC and create a direct link between the student and industry. The ABCUTC continued its mentoring program to create a conduit for communication between students working on ABC-UTC research projects and industry representatives with interests in the ABCUTC and in ABC in general. All graduate students participating in ABC-UTC funded activities are required to participate in the mentoring program. ISU facilitates the ABC-UTC mentoring program. The 2017 and 2018 ABC-UTC mentors are:

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Mike Culmo, P.E.

Mr. Culmo serves as the Vice President of CME Associates, Inc., and has over 25 years of experience in structural engineering. He is considered an expert in the field of bridge design and innovative construction strategies. He possesses a wealth of experience in traffic engineering and materials specification and is a nationally-recognized expert in Accelerated Bridge Construction practices. He has authored numerous papers, articles, and manuals in the field of bridge engineering design methods and construction techniques. Mr. Culmo has also worked on several high profile projects including Massachusetts’s Fast 14 Bridge Replacement and has helped departments of transportation including Utah, Connecticut, and Rhode Island in the development and furtherance of pilot projects and standards using ABC methods. He serves on numerous industry committees and groups including the National Steel Bridge Alliance, the High Performance Steel Design Research Advisory Panel for the American Iron and Steel Institute, and the Transportation Research Board. He recently was a keynote speaker at a bridge symposium in held in Sydney, Australia and was the recipient of the 2014 American Institute of Steel Construction’s (AISC) Special Achievement Award.


Dr. Farimani joined Thornton Tomasetti in 2006 and has experience in the structural analysis and design of steel and concrete structures including high-rise, commercial, education, residential, sports, mixed-use developments and investigations. He is responsible for analysis, design, preparation of drawings and coordination and communication with outside consultants.

Jawad Gull, PhD

Dr. Gull is bridge designer at HDR and has nine years of experience in research and structural engineering. He has expertise in cable structures and steel bridges. He has worked on diverse engineering projects in the United States, Japan and Pakistan. He is currently working on the I-4 Ultimate project that involves design and construction of over 60 new bridges and replacement of over 70 existing bridges. Dr. Gull obtained his doctorate degree from Florida International University. He worked on several research projects and successfully addressed issues related to construction, inspection, and rehabilitation of bridges. He served as the assistant director of the ABC-UTC at Florida International University. He was principal investigator of key ABC-UTC research projects addressing the issues related to service life and database management of ABC projects. He earned his master’s degree from Saitama University, Japan. He and his research team worked in collaboration with the Tokyo Electric Power Company and addressed several issues related to wind-induced vibrations of cable structures. He has been involved in several destructive and nondestructive tests of structures and materials in Pakistan. He is an active member of the American Society of Civil Engineers and the American Concrete Institute.

Finn Hubbard, P.E.

Mr. Hubbard joined Fish & Associates, Inc. in November 2012 with over 30 years of structural design, construction, maintenance, policy, and management experience. He has been involved in a variety of structural design and construction projects within the transportation industry and has extensive experience with simple and complex multi-phase, multi-year projects. He has personally designed and overseen production of thousands of bridge plans and projects. Mr. Hubbard started his career with the Wisconsin Department of Transportation in 1985 and advanced through the ranks to become State Bridge Engineer for Wisconsin. He also served on the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Subcommittee on Bridges and Structures as Wisconsin’s primary representative working directly with the other 49 DOT’s on national bridge-related policies for seven years. Mr. Hubbard led the stabilization and reconstruction efforts for the Hoan Bridge failure in downtown Milwaukee Wisconsin in December 2000.This work included the emergency response, stabilization, implosion, cleanup, and reconstruction of the failed span in a highly congested urban environment. The forensic investigation from the Hoan failure changed the AASHTO bridge specifications.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Reza Farimani, PhD, P.E.

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Michael LaViolette, P.E.:

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Mr. LaViolette joined HDR following many years as a senior bridge manager at HNTB and as a bridge research specialist at the Iowa State University Bridge Engineering Center. His unique combination of 15 years of practical bridge design and construction experience along with academic research experience with proven results was applied to work in developing useful plans and specifications suited for simplified deck panel systems. Mr. Laviolette is currently serving as the principal investigator on several projects. He is an active member of Transportation Research Board Committee AFH40 (Construction of Bridges and Structures). He is also an active member of the Precast/ Prestressed Concrete Institute Committee on Bridges as well as its Subcommittee on Accelerated Bridge Construction.

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Francesco Russo, P.E.:

Mr. Russo is a senior structural engineer and technical and project manager at Michael Baker Corp. His experience includes all phases of engineering practice, including project engineering; staff, schedule and financial management; construction support services; forensic investigations; and report writing. He has design-build experience on multiple projects, including serving as part of design teams, as an owner’s advisor, and directing design quality control efforts for a multibillion dollar design-build project.

Ardalan Sherafati, PhD, P.E.:

Dr. Sherafati is a structural project engineer at BlueScope Construction Inc. As a structural engineer he has been involved in analysis and design of stadiums, office buildings, parking structures, underground structures, and industrial buildings. For his PhD dissertation he was involved in the SHRP2-R19A project, where he proposed and successfully tested a pile/ cap connection detail that is proven to significantly increase the length of jointless bridges. His research involved extensive analytical and experimental study of soil-pile interaction and the effect of these substructure elements on jointless bridges. On a separate research topic, he researched the folded steel plate girder system and led associated experimental studies conducted at the University of Nebraska. He has extensive experience in nonlinear finite element analysis as well as computer programming. He has developed several structural design and analysis tools.


2018 FIU’S 3D PRINTING WORKSHOP

Students from local elementary school decorate 3D printed bridge for their classroom

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

3D printing already plays a pivotal role in many different industries and will likely help shape the future of bridge construction. The ABC-UTC has partnered with FIU’s Miami Beach Urban Studios (MBUS) to teach elementary age students about 3D printing and bridges. This workshop gave elementary-age students the opportunity to learn about 3D printing, bridge engineering, and the possible applications of 3D printing in bridges.

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FIU’S PARENT/CHILD BRIDGE ENGINEERING SUMMER CAMP (2017 AND 2018)

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Children are often more impacted by how they play and what they do at home than what they learn in school. For this (and many other) reasons, there is an incredible benefit to including parents in activities with their children.

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The ABC-UTC and FIU’s Education Effect sponsored a parent/child summer camp for students in 3rd to 5th grade and their parents on June 19th to 21st, 2017. The camp allowed the children and parents to work through several bridge engineering-related activities together. Participants were all given a bridge building toy to encourage the continuation of these activities at home.

Parents and their children participate in several activities, including the construction of paper and balsa wood bridges and the decoration of a 3D printed bridge.


ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

The ABC-UTC hosted its second annual Parent/Child Bridge Engineering Summer Camp at FIU on June 13-15, 2018. During the three-day camp, participants gathered at FIU’s Engineering Campus and learned about bridge engineering. The students and their parents were engaged in a variety of activities related to bridge engineering and ABC, including: • prefabricated elements and systems and how they can be used to accelerate construction and • 3D printing and its future in bridge engineering

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2018 FIU & ISU’S BRIDGE ENGINEERING TEACHER WORKSHOP FIU’s ABC-UTC hosted a two-day Bridge & Wind Engineering Workshop on June 11 and 12th in collaboration with one of its partner universities, Iowa State University.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

The two-day workshop introduced participants to a four-week bridgerelated learning module that has been used in elementary schools in Iowa. Some of the 30 to 45-minute lesson plans included:

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• What is an Engineer? • Identifying a problem and solution • What’s the strongest shape? • Types and magnitudes of forces • Famous bridges • K’nexTM bridge building • Engineering of balsa wood bridges • Reflection on engineering and the engineering process

Participants were provided with the materials necessary to implement the learning modules into their elementary classrooms.


ISU’S GO! E-ZINE FOR TEENS Go – ABC! aims to develop the future transportation workforce by educating and stimulating young minds about ABC. In 2016 the ABC-UTC consortium of universities continued Go! Postings on ABC-related articles for teens through the E-zine for Teens online magazine.

Posted on April 2017 by Armin Mehrabi, PhD, P.E. We’ve all experienced traffic jams and slowdowns in road construction zones, and we all hate it. They waste our time, create a bigger carbon footprint, and cause safety concerns both for the workers as well as the drivers. This becomes an even bigger issue if the work is on a bridge. That’s because bridges are normally built to cross over a natural barrier—like a river or cliff—or to avoid major traffic crossings. In both cases, if the bridge is closed, drivers may need to travel tens of miles out of their way to find another crossing. Sometimes traffic interruptions are just plain unavoidable. But with good planning and smart solutions, you can avoid them all together (or at least reduce them).

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Can’t stop the traffic!

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ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

ISU’S READY, SET, BUILD: CENTRAL IOWA’S BRIDGE BUILDING SUMMER CHALLENGE! (2017 AND 2018)

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Ready Set Build: Central Iowa’s Bridge Building Challenge is a two-day event held at the Science Center of Iowa with the goal of introducing Iowa students and families to the complex world of engineering and bridge design while educating students on how to effectively work in teams. Awards are given for highest structural efficiency, most innovative bridge, and teamwork. 2017’s competitions took place on Friday, November 3rd for school groups (28 teams participated so approximately 140 students participated) and Saturday, November 4th for family groups (20 teams so approximately 100 participants). 2018’s competitions took place on

1

Thursday November 1st, 2nd, and 3rd with more than 180 students from schools throughout Iowa forming 50 teams to compete in bridge building using masking tape, hot glue, string, and other provided materials.


2

4

3

1 Part of candidates waiting for reward announcement 2 Bridge testing with Jimmy Deng 3 Bridge assembling with Katelyn S. Freeseman

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

4 Team cooperation to ďŹ nish their bridge

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ISU’S ENGINEERING FIRST! ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM (2017 AND 2018) Engineering First! is a four-week bridge engineering curriculum for elementary school classrooms developed collaboratively between a first-grade teacher and researchers at Iowa State University. The curriculum was first utilized in 2016 and then again in 2017 and 2018 with continued refinements. The curriculum was also taught at the Bridge Engineering Teacher Workshop hosted by FIU.

2

3

1

4

1 Bridge design under

supervision of Brent M. Phares

2 Bridge assembling with help of

Katelyn S. ‘Freeseman

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

3 Bridge component

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measurement with help of Zhengyu Liu 4 Research team with the first grade children


ISU’S TRANSPORTATION INSTITUTE FOR HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATORS (2017)

Christa Jackson (left) and Mollie Appelgate developed the curriculum for the STEM InCYte Camp at Iowa State.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

The Transportation Institute for High School Educators is a three-week program held at Iowa State University and the Institute for Transportation with the goal to help participating teachers gain a better understanding of transportation concepts associated with physics so that they can bring these concepts into their classroom and afterschool programs through a variety of activities.

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ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

UNR’S CIVIL ENGINEERING 2017 AND 2018 SUMMER CAMP PROGRAMS

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UNR hosted three engineering summer camps on June 12th, June 19th and June 26th of 2017 which targeted middle school students over a one-week period as part of the K-12 outreach program at UNR. A one-hour presentation about bridges, earthquakes, and accelerated bridge construction (ABC) was given at each camp followed by a tour of the Earthquake Engineering Laboratory where shake table testing of ABC components and systems take place. The three summer camp programs focused on introducing the basics of earthquake engineering, bridge engineering, different types of loads, and new methods to expedite bridge construction to middle school students in an interactive environment. In order to provide a visual and dynamic

learning environment in the camp, students were shown videos of shake table tests and physical demonstrations of scaled models made by 3D printers.


Summer camp middle school students and instructors group photo

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Middle-school students examine prefabricated deck panels and connections

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2017 OUTREACH PROGRAM

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

The University of Oklahoma and its Gallogly College of Engineering have built a world-class, one-of-akind ExxonMobil Lawrence G. Rawl Engineering Practice Facility (REPF) where current engineering students are beneďŹ ting from a real-world interdisciplinary experience. In 2017 OU ABC program provided outreach to kindergarten through 12th-grade students through hands-on activities. Many students visiting this facility were inspired to become tomorrow’s engineers.

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2018 ABC WORKSHOP

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

In October 2018, ABC-UTC, in collaboration with ODOT, FHWA and SPTC organized a workshop on accelerated bridge construction. About 40 people attended this event. The presentations included available resources through the ABC-UTC, new AASHTO guide speciďŹ cations for bridge construction using ABC methods, new technologies developed by ABC-UTC for contractors and bridge owners for better implementation of ABC, development of ultra-high performance concrete using local materials, and alternative ďŹ nancing methods for construction including bridge bundling and public-private partnership.

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RESEARCH DAY Twice a year a Research Day is held in the form of a day-long webinar, during which the progress for each ongoing ABC-UTC research project is given by the Principal Investigators. These presentations include background, objectives, progress on each task, results obtained to date, and any challenges. Starting in 2018, we started broadcasting online to the general audience via GoToWebinar. Archives of research day presentations are available online at https://abc-utc.ďŹ u. edu/webinars/research-day-archive/

2017 RESEARCH DAY (FIRST RESEARCH DAY) August 31, 2017 13 Research Presentations were made

2018 RESEARCH DAY 1 May 18, 2018 (Part I) 13 Research Presentations were made

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

May 21, 2018 (Part II) 15 Research Presentations were made

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2018 RESEARCH DAY 2 November 15, 2018 27 Research Presentations were made


ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

ABC-UTC TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

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ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

MONTHLY WEBINARS

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In 2017 and 2018, the ABC-UTC again hosted monthly webinars with assistance from its Technology Transfer Advisory Panel (TTAP), a subgroup of the ABC-UTC Advisory Committee. TTAP members are Ahmad Abu-Hawash with Iowa DOT and member of the AASHTO Technical Committee for Construction, T-4 (T-4 is AASHTO’s focal point for ABC); Romeo Garcia, FHWA; Jugesh Kapur, former Washington State Bridge Engineer, now with WSP USA; Paul Liles, former Georgia State Bridge Engineer; Kevin Thompson, former California State Bridge Engineer; Mary Lou Ralls Newman, former Texas State Bridge Engineer and ABC-UTC Director of Technology Transfer; and liaison Atorod Azizinamini, ABC-UTC Director. See Monthly Webinar Archives (https://abc-utc.fiu.edu/webinars/ webinar-archives/) for additional details on monthly webinar featured presentations.

JANUARY 2017

FEBRUARY 2017

MARCH 2017

APRIL 2017

MAY 2017

JUNE 2017

ABC Rehabilitation of Historic Franklin Avenue Bridge

Programmatic Implementation and Value of ABC – The VTrans Approach

Georgia’s Rapid Replacement Utilizing Full-Depth Precast Deck Panels with UHPC Closure Joints

PennDOT’s Rapid Bridge Replacement Project Utilizing Folded Steel Plate Girder Bridge

Virginia’s Rehabilitation of I-64 Dunlap Creek Bridges Using HighPerformance Link Slabs and Overlay Materials: ABC Component

NCHRP 12-98, Part 1: Tolerances for Prefabricated Bridge Elements and Systems (PBES)

by Nancy Daubenberger, P.E., Division Director, Engineering Services, Minnesota DOT; Bala Sivakumar, P.E., Lead Designer (ABC), HNTB; and Travis Konda, PhD, P.E., Construction Engineer, HNTB No. of Registered Sites: > 875

by Wayne B. Symonds, P.E., Structures and Hydraulics Program Manager, Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans); Kristin Higgins, P.E., ABP/PIIT Senior Project Manager, VTrans; and Jennifer Fitch, P.E., ABP/PIIT Project Manager, VTranss No. of Registered Sites: > 650

by Bill DuVall, P.E., State Bridge Engineer, Georgia Department of Transportation; and Dexter Whaley, P.E., Bridge Design Group Manager, GDOT No. of Registered Sites: > 1,050

by Tom Macioce, P.E., Chief Bridge Engineer, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation; Charles Zugell, P.E., Design Build Coordinator, Walsh/Granite JV; and Curt Beveridge, Project Manager, Walsh/ Granite JV No. of Registered Sites: > 1,250

by Adam Matteo, P.E., State Structure and Bridge Engineer for Bridge Maintenance, Virginia DOT; Rex Pearce, P.E., Staunton District Bridge Engineer, VDOT; and Celik Ozyildirim, PhD, P.E., Principal Research Scientist, Virginia Transportation Research Council No. of Registered Sites: > 975

by Michael P. Culmo, P.E., Vice President of Transportation & Structures, CME Associates Inc.; and NCHRP 12-98 Principal Investigator No. of Registered Sites: > 975


JULY 2017

AUGUST 2017

SEPTEMBER 2017

OCTOBER 2017

NOVEMBER 2017

DECEMBER 2017

NCHRP 12-98, Part 2: Dynamics of Bridge Systems

87-Hour Bridge Construction in Arizona: ABC and ARC at the Speed of Commerce

Ohio’s Muskingum County Bridge Replacement with SPS Deck on Press-BreakFormed Steel Tub Girders

Use of Pretensioned Bent Caps in Texas

Prestressed/Precast Florida-Slab-Beams for Robust Local Bridges and Accelerated Construction

Accelerated Bridge Strengthening using UHPFRC

by Annette Riley, P.E., Assistant Division Administrator, Infrastructure Delivery and Operations Division, Arizona DOT; Kevin Kimm, P.E., Senior Structural Engineer, KimleyHorn and Associates; and Reece Green, Project Manager, Pulice Construction, Inc.

by Douglas Davis, P.E., County Engineer, Muskingum County, Ohio; Rolando Moreau, Bridge Lead, Intelligent Engineering; and Dave Cox, Plant Manager, Maico Industries, Inc

by Michael P. Culmo, P.E., Vice President of Transportation & Structures, CME Associates Inc.; and NCHRP 12-98 Principal Investigator No. of Registered Sites: > 725

No. of Registered Sites: > 825

No. of Registered Sites: > 750

by Gregg Freeby, P.E., Director, Bridge Division, Texas Department of Transportation; and Christopher Miller, P.E., Designer, Bridge Division, TxDOT No. of Registered Sites: > 850

by Steve Nolan, P.E., Senior Structures Design Engineer, State Structures Design Office, Florida Department of Transportation

by Eugen Brühwiler, PhD, Professor, Dr Structural Engineer, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland

No. of Registered Sites: > 825

No. of Registered Sites: > 775

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

2017

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ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

MONTHLY WEBINARS

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JANUARY 2018

FEBRUARY 2018

MARCH 2018

APRIL 2018

MAY 2018

JUNE 2018

Designer Perspective on Tackling ABC Projects – Spotlight on SHRP2 R04 Gila River Project

Northeast Extreme Tee (NEXT) Beam with Rochester VT Case Study

Construction Methodology for Alconétar Arch Bridges in Spain

Partial-Depth Precast Deck Panel Design and Construction in Texas

by Rita Seraderian, P.E., Executive Director, Precast/ Prestressed Concrete Institute Northeast; Rob Young, P.E., Senior Project Manager, Structures Section, Vermont Agency of Transportation; Joe Carrara, President, J.P. Carrara & Sons, Inc.

by Javier Martinez Gutierrez, Executive Director of ALE Heavylift, Naval Architect; and Jordi Revoltós, M. Sc. Structural Engineer Head of Bridges and Viaducts Department, SENER

by Gregg Freeby, P.E., Director, Bridge Division, Texas Department of Transportation; Sara Watts, E.I.T., Bridge Design Engineering Assistant, Bridge Division, TxDOT; and Leon Flournoy, P.E., Bridge Construction & Maintenance Engineer, Bridge Division, TxDOT

Rhode Island DOT Replaces Bridges over Extended Weekends Using PBES and SPMTs

by Pamela Hutton, P.E., SHRP2 Implementation Manager, AASHTO; Mark Chase, P.E., Senior Vice President, AZTEC Engineering Group, Inc

Owner Perspective on ABC – Spotlight on SHRP2 R04 Fort Goff Creek Project and Caltrans’ Laurel Street Overcrossing Project

No. of Registered Sites: > 725

No. of Registered Sites: > 825

No. of Registered Sites: > 800

No. of Registered Sites: > 1,375

by Pamela Hutton, P.E., SHRP2 Implementation Manager, AASHTO; and Dorie E. Mellon, P.E., Senior Bridge Engineer, Caltrans No. of Registered Sites: > 750

by David W. Fish, P.E., Administrator of Project Management, Rhode Island Department of Transportation; and Witold H. Kloczkowski, P.E., Project Manager, Commonwealth Engineers & Consultants, Inc. No. of Registered Sites: > 975


JULY 2018

AUGUST 2018

SEPTEMBER 2018

OCTOBER 2018

NOVEMBER 2018

DECEMBER 2018

Route 37 EB Mathis Bridge – NJ’s Largest Precast Exodermic Deck Replacement Project

Use of SPMTs, Barges, and Strand Jacks to Build the Hastings, MN Bridge

Contractor Perspective on ABC – SHRP2 R04 Spotlight on IL 115 Gar Creek Bridge Lateral Slide

ABC Methods for Delaware’s All-Precast Bridge 1-438

Tight Construction Windows for BNSF Railway Bridge 24.8 Replacement in Camas, Washington

Connecticut DOT’s ABC Decision Process Methodology

by Eddy Germain, P.E., Deputy State Transportation Engineer and Director, Bridge Engineering & Infrastructure Management, NJDOT; George R. Kuhn, Project Manager, Division of Project Management, NJDOT; and Rama Krishnagiri, P.E., Senior Technical Principal, WSP USA Inc. No. of Registered Sites: > 825

by Amber Blanchard, P.E., State Bridge Planning and Hydraulics Engineer, Minnesota Department of Transportation; Steve Kordosky, P.E., Hastings Bridge Project Manager, Minnesota DOT; and Vincent Gastoni, P.E., Principal Bridge Engineer, Parsons No. of Registered Sites: > 1,225

by Pamela Hutton, P.E., SHRP2 Implementation Manager, AASHTO; Erik R. Tobey, Estimating/ Operations Manager, Tobey’s Construction & Cartage, Inc.; and Dale R. Meredith, Estimating/ Project Manager, Tobey’s Construction & Cartage, Inc. No. of Registered Sites: > 800

by Nicholas Dean, P.E., Project Engineer, Bridge Design, Delaware Department of Transportation No. of Registered Sites: > 850

by Alan Bloomquist, P.E., Assistant Director, Heavy Bridge Division, BNSF Railway; and Jay Hyland, P.E., Vice President/Master Professional, TranSystems No. of Registered Sites: > 775

by Timothy D. Fields, P.E., Transportation Principal Engineer, Connecticut Department of Transportation; and Ashley Heredia, Transportation Engineer II, Connecticut Department of Transportation No. of Registered Sites: > 700

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

2018

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IN-DEPTH WEB TRAINING The ABC-UTC continued its annual in-depth web training in 2017 and 2018 to provide more detailed coverage of select projects and topics related to ABC. Held in September, each training was four hours in length and consisted of six 40-minute modules. Each module consisted of a 30-minute presentation followed by 10-minute question-and-answer session. See In-Depth Web Training Archives (https://abc-utc.fiu.edu/webinars/in-depth-web-training-archive/) for additional details.

2017

The 2017 In-Depth Web Training featured the Utah DOT’s Accelerated Bridge Program. Utah DOT’s Structures Division has championed and widely implemented ABC, and the use of ABC is now common practice throughout the State of Utah. Previous ABC design documents and supporting drawings have been incorporated into the Structures Design and Detailing Manual which consists of the manual, drawings, and checklists. Designers, fabricators, and contractors are on board with the use of ABC. Inspections show good long-term performance of ABC bridges. The six modules in the 2017 in-depth web training provide a comprehensive description of Utah’s ABC implementation.

Module 1: Introduction and ABC Program by Carmen Swanwick, S.E., Chief Structural Engineer, Utah DOT Module 2: Structures Design and Detailing Manual – ABC Aspects by Cheryl Hersh Simmons, S.E., Structures Design Manager, Utah DOT

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

I-15 CORE Sam White Lane over I-15 – SPMT bridge move

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Module 3: Fabricator and Contractor Perspectives by Lee Wegner, Sales/Project Management, Forterra Structural Precast, Salt Lake City, Utah; and Eric Wells, Area Manager, Granite Construction, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah Module 4: Performance History and Lessons Learned by Mike Culmo, P.E., Vice President of Transportation and Structures, CME Associates, Inc. Module 5: Experiences and Practices - Project Highlights by Carmen Swanwick, S.E., Chief Structural Engineer, Utah DOT

SR-232 and I-15; Hill Field Road Interchange Modification

Module 6: Experiences and Practices - Bridge Moves and UHPC by Carmen Swanwick, S.E., Chief Structural Engineer, Utah DOT; and Cheryl Hersh Simmons, S.E., Structures Design Manager, Utah DOT


2018

The 2018 In-Depth Web Training featured the Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans) programmatic implementation of ABC. The VTrans Structures Division has widely implemented ABC and Accelerated Project Delivery through its Accelerated Bridge Program (ABP). The use of ABC is now common practice throughout the State of Vermont with over 50% of bridge projects using precast superstructure or substructure elements. The six modules of the 2018 in-depth web training provide a comprehensive description of Vermont’s ABC implementation through the ABP.

Module 1: Programmatic Approach to ABC – Structures Policy by Kristin Higgins, P.E., Structures Program Manager, VTrans

Module 3: Innovative Contracting and ABC by Kristin Higgins, P.E., Structures Program Manager, VTrans; Aaron Guyette, P.E., Transportation Market Lead, VHB; Mark Alexander, Vice President of Construction, Kubricky Construction Corp., Wilton, New York; Gordon Eastman, Chief Construction Inspector, WSP Module 4: Standardization / Innovations / Incentive-Disincentive by Robert Young, P.E., Accelerated Bridge Program Manager, VTrans; and Jim Lacroix, P.E., Structures Design Engineer, VTrans Module 5: Public Outreach / ABC Results by Laura Stone, P.E., Structures Scoping Engineer, VTrans; Robert Young, P.E., Accelerated Bridge Program Manager, VTrans; and Phillip B. Swanson, Municipal Manager, Town of Woodstock, VT

Downtown Woodstock Village bridge closure

Module 6: Project Highlights – Contractor Perspective by Robert Young, P.E., Accelerated Bridge Program Manager, VTrans; and Chad Contaldi, Project Manager, Cold River Bridges, Walpole, New Hampshire

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

6-week project delivery duration in Duxbury VT

Module 2: Expediting Project Delivery by Robert Young, P.E., Accelerated Bridge Program Manager, VTrans; and Laura Stone, P.E., Structures Scoping Engineer, VTrans

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ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

QUARTERLY GRADUATE STUDENT SEMINARS

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Web-based Graduate Student Seminars were initiated by the ABC-UTC in January 2016 as part of its workforce development focus area. These quarterly seminars continued through the first quarter of 2017 to highlight graduate students’ contributions to the ABC research projects in which the students worked. Beginning with the second quarterly seminar in 2017, the seminars were restructured and renamed “Research Seminars,” each with focus on one ABC-UTC research project. The featured presentation is now given by the project’s principal investigator(s) and the graduate student(s) working on the project. Each seminar provides an overview of the ABC-UTC research project and the tasks covered in the project, including the student’s work on those tasks, and continues the strong emphasis on the ABC product(s) coming out of the research project for implementation. Each seminar is one hour in length and consists of a 40-minute presentation followed by a 15-minute question-and-answer session. See Research Seminar Archives (https://abc-utc.fiu.edu/webinars/research-seminars-archives/) for additional details.

JANUARY 2017 Estimating the Total Cost of Accelerated Bridge Construction No. of Registered Sites: > 600

Estimating the Construction Cost Associated with Accelerated Bridge Construction

Estimating and Implementing Road User Costs in ABC Selection Decisions

Mohamed Ibrahim, PhD, FIU Graduate and former ABC-UTC Research Assistant (PhD, August 2016); Managing Director, Equicorp Advisors, Egypt

Jianmin Jia, Ph. D. Candidate, FIU Graduate Assistant (PhD, May 2017), Lehman Center for Transportation Research

APRIL 2017

by Terry Wipf, PhD, Don and Sharon Greenwood Endowed Department Chair, Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Iowa State University; Ashley Ecklund (M.S.E., 2016, ISU), Structural Engineer-in-Training, BKBM Engineers; and Sri Sritharan, PhD, Wilkinson Chair Professor of Engineering, ISU

Development of Prefabricated Concrete Bridge Railings: Phase I Testing and Results No. of Registered Sites: > 675

AUGUST 2017 Extending Application of Simple for Dead Load and Continuous for Live Load (SDCL) to High Seismic Areas No. of Registered Sites: > 575

NOVEMBER 2017 Development and Seismic Evaluation of Pier Systems with Pocket Connections and UHPC Columns No. of Registered Sites: > 775

by Atorod Azizinamini, PhD, P.E., Professor and Chair, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, Florida International University; and Amir Sadeghnejad, PhD Student (PhD, 2019), FIU Graduate Assistant by M. “Saiid” Saiidi, PhD, P.E., Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, University of Nevada, Reno; and Alireza Mohebbi, PhD, (PhD, August 2017, UNR), Bridge Engineer, E.I.T., CH2M


Material Design and Structural Configuration of Link Slabs for ABC Applications No. of Registered Sites: > 750

APRIL 2018 Alternative ABC Connections Utilizing UHPC No. of Registered Sites: > 925

JULY 2018 Shake Table Studies of a Bridge System with ABC Connections No. of Registered Sites: > 525

NOVEMBER 2018 Accelerated Repair of Existing Bridges Using UHPC No. of Registered Sites: > 725

by Behrouz Shafei, PhD, P.E., Assistant Professor, Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Iowa State University; Michael Dopko, PhD Student (PhD, 2019, ISU) and Shahin Hajilar, PhD (PhD, 2017, ISU), Postdoctoral Research Associate, both with the Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, ISU

by Atorod Azizinamini, PhD, P.E., Professor and Chair Civil and Environmental Engineering Department Florida International University; and Mohamadreza Shafieifar, PhD Student (PhD, Summer 2018, FIU), Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, FIU

by M. “Saiid” Saiidi, PhD, P.E., Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, University of Nevada, Reno; and Elmira Shoushtari, PhD Student (PhD, 2019, UNR), Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, UNR

by Atorod Azizinamini, PhD, P.E., Professor and Chair, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, Florida International University; Mahsa Farzad, PhD student (PhD, Spring 2019, FIU) and Alireza Valikhani, PhD Student (PhD, Fall 2019, FIU), both with the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, FIU

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

JANUARY 2018

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NATIONAL ABC PROJECT AND RESEARCH DATABASES In 2017-2018 FIU upgraded the National ABC Project and Research Databases to enhance the entry system, backend interfaces, analytics, and display. In addition, sixteen completed ABC projects were posted in the Project Database, all ďŹ rst approved by the bridge owners. A number of projects are in development for posting. Users are encouraged to submit completed ABC construction projects and planned, ongoing, and completed ABC research projects using the available submission processes for these databases.

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

ABC Project Database

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ABC Research Database


WEBSITE Enhancements to the ABC-UTC website (https://abcutc.fiu.edu) continued in 2017-2018, with additional ABC information posted to assist bridge professionals in successfully using ABC technologies in bridge replacements and new construction. You are invited to let us know additional resources that could benefit you in your implementation of ABC. For example, initiated in 2017 and further developed in 2018, “Implemented Advanced Technologies” are innovations that could provide benefit if included in an ABC project. The intent of this initiative is to provide readily available details on these technologies to assist bridge owners and designers in better understanding the technologies. To be listed on the website, the technology must have been included in at least one project posted in the ABC Project Database and have been presented in an ABC-UTC monthly webinar featured presentation. See https://abc-utc.fiu.edu/resources/ implemented-advanced-technologies/

ABC-UTC Website (https://abc-utc. fiu.edu) / Resources / Implemented Advanced Technologies

ABC-UTC Website (https://abc-utc.fiu.edu) / Resources / Industry

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

In addition, under the “Resources” tab on the home page, the “Industry” page provides information to link directly with our industry partners. See https://abc-utc.fiu.edu/ resources/industry/.

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PREVIOUS CONFERENCES (2014, 2015 AND 2017)

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

The 2014, 2015 and 2017 National ABC Conferences were each attended by more than 700 bridge professionals, including more than 200 State DOT bridge engineers and professionals. During the last 3 National ABC Conferences, a total of 394 technical presentations were made, 29 half day workshops were conducted, and 141 companies exhibited their services. Mr. Gregory G. Nadeau, Administrator of the Federal Highway Administration, was the keynote speaker during the 2014 and 2015 conferences and the keynote speaker for 2017 conference was James Ray (USDOT Senior Advisor on Infrastructure). The Conferences, through travel scholarship development, assisted with travel expenses for several state bridge professionals attending the conference.

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ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS


INTERNATIONAL ACCELERATED BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION CONFERENCE: Including Automation, Service Life and Ultra High Performance Concrete (UHPC)

December 12-13, 2019 December 11-Preconference workshops Miami, Florida

Donʼt Miss One of the Most Important Bridge Engineering Events of the Year!

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

• Conference includes 7 workshops, 108 technical presentations, technical keynote talks, exhibit booths, reception • Conference is co-sponsored by 31 State DOT’s, FHWA and the Transportation Research Board • Opportunities are available to exhibit at the conference • Hotel accommodations in Miami, FL at a special conference rate

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To view the complete conference program, online registration and more information on the conference visit: abc-utc.fiu.edu/conference For video clips capturing highlights of past conferences and information on upcoming 2019 conference, visit: abc-utc.fiu.edu/conference/


INVITATION TO THE 2019 INTERNATIONAL ABC CONFERENCE: INCLUDING AUTOMATION, SERVICE LIFE AND UHPC Please mark your calendars for the International ABC Conference: Including Automation, Service Life and UHPC sponsored by the ABC-UTC to share the most current knowledge and technologies related to ABC. The Conference will be held December 12-13, 2019, in Miami, Florida, with pre-conference workshops on December 11, 2019. See https://abc-utc.ďŹ u.edu/conference/.

Engineering & Computing

ABC-UTC 2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

Please plan to join us as we work together to successfully implement ABC nationwide!

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Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, EC 3678 Florida International University 10555 West Flagler Street Miami, FL 33174 P: (305) 348-0074 | F: (305) 348-2802

abc-utc.ďŹ u.edu/

Profile for CEE Department

2017-2018 ABC Highlights Report  

2017-2018 ABC Highlights Report