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| Integrating Faith and Science | 30 Measuring Up | 35 Leaving a Radio Legacy | 39

INADVANCE Choose Thy Neighbor? When it comes to urban and rural campuses, the question shouldn’t be which one is better, but how is each place served. By Kendra Langdon Juskus

Going Urban


Three CCCU campuses are planted in the city to connect students to the full metropolitan mosaic. |

By Mike Plunkett

God is in the Details


Judson University (IL) is laying the blueprint for students to succeed as architects. By Shanley Knox

Faith & Science in Harmony


Campuses are integrating faith and science through new buildings and a multi-varied curriculum. By Christopher Martin

Measuring Up


The Composite Financial Index is helping campuses assess and measure fiscal health. By Kami L. Rice

A Reluctant Leader Leaves a Legacy


Northwestern College (MN) celebrates the media legacy of its famed second president. By Jenny Collins

THE COUNCIL FOR CHRISTIAN COLLEGES & UNIVERSITIES (CCCU) is an international higher education association of intentionally Christian colleges and universities. Founded in 1976 with 38 members, the Council has grown to 111 members in North America and 69 affiliates in 23 countries. The CCCU is a tax-exempt 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization headquartered on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C. THE MISSION OF THE CCCU is to advance the cause of Christ-centered higher education and to help transform the lives of students by faithfully relating scholarship and service to biblical truth. DISTRIBUTION CCCU Advance is published each year in the fall and spring and is mailed to members, affiliates and friends of the CCCU. It is also available online at Direct questions and letters to the editor to ADVERTISING CCCU Advance is now accepting advertising from organizations that serve the students, faculty or administration of our campuses. For more information and/or to receive a Media Kit please email LETTERS TO THE EDITOR CCCU Advance welcomes Letters to the Editor. Letters will be edited for clarity and grammar. Send letters to Anonymous letters will not be published. PEOPLE Paul R. Corts, Ph.D.

FROM THE PRESIDENT . . . . . . 03 By Paul R. Corts

EDITOR’S NOTE. . . . . . . . . . . . 04 By Mike Plunkett

AROUND THE COUNCIL. . . . . . 05 The news of the CCCU Offices By the Numbers, 07 AKA, 08 On the Shelf, 09 ON THE HILL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Direct Lending brings change and uncertainty about student aid. By Nate Mouttet

OPEN SOURCE . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 A professor urges students to unplug to connect fully. By Erin Mussolum

GOING GLOBAL. . . . . . . . . . . . 12 An university in Vienna shows it’s truly international. By Mimi Wiggins Perreault

R&D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Several campuses gain prestigious grants and fellowships. By Mimi Wiggins Perreault

THE LAST WORD. . . . . . . . . . . 42 How can we move from irony to meaningful conversations? By Kim Phipps

President Nate Mouttet

Vice President for Communications Mike Plunkett

Editor Brandon Rush

Art Director Jason Hohertz

Web Manager Cecily Farrar Walters

Copy Editor Jordan Buie

Editorial Intern

FROM THE PRESIDENT by Paul R. Corts, Ph.D. CCCU President

The Paths of Conversations Lead to Breakthroughs


n 2006, more than 1000

We are reminded by the prophet

current with increasingly rapid

gathered for the International

Jeremiah that the Lord has plans

technological changes; and how to

Forum on Christian Higher

for us, and His plans are for good.

adapt teaching methodologies suitable

Education in Dallas, Texas

While we wait upon the Lord for

for students in this instant and constant

with the theme “Significant

vision and clarity and we pray for

communication society. Our institutions

Conversations.” It was an important

continued wisdom and guidance,

continue diligently to integrate faith

and influential time for the movement

we are doing our part searching for

and learning and that is growing and

of Christ-centered higher education

“Critical Breakthroughs” – the theme

blossoming beautifully in the rise of

and for me as well. As I was announced

for our 2010 International Forum!

state-of-the-art science facilities at a

at the Forum as the next president of the CCCU, I was both thrilled and humbled for the challenges and opportunities which lay before me and before our members and affiliates. Much has happened in these past few years. Expansive growth in technology, methods of pedagogy and the rapid growth and strengthening of global Christian higher education are just some of the major developments. At the same time, we are also facing numerous challenges. In many ways,

“ These are indeed exciting times as we aim to truly understand the full measure of God’s blessing on our movement.”

number of our member campuses. In that vein, we are thrilled to have Dr. Francis Collins, noted geneticist and the new director of the National Institutes of Health, as one of our keynote speakers at the Forum. These are indeed exciting times as we aim to truly understand the full measure of God’s blessing on our movement and our institutions and use the momentum of those successes to further propel academic excellence, thereby giving students every opportunity to succeed

we as a movement took precautionary

in the classroom and in life.

measures to soften the blow of the economic crisis and recession

These are just some of the realities

in order to ensure our long-term

We have big decisions to make, both

we as a movement deal with. I

financial success. We are grateful

within our movement and within each

encourage you to read the articles on

campus. We strive to keep the Main

these and other stories throughout


this issue of the CCCU Advance.

that a number of our institutions experienced continued enrollment growth this fall and we give thanks to the Lord for His provisions.

Main thing, while we search for the best and most successful methods

Throughout the past year, our CCCU

for reaching each new generation of

peer group conferences and institutes

students. Our campuses grapple with

have focused on what to do in times of

location, like how to give students

uncertainty, how to gain focus in blurry

a global perspective if the campus

and shifting times. We continue to

is in a rural setting or how to build

stress to our members that challenges

authentic community for student

are also great opportunities.

on an urban campus; how to stay

Paul R. Corts President


EDITOR’S NOTE What’s Your Text and Context? by MIke Plunkett

In the cover story of this issue of CCCU Advance, the phrase “text and context” appeared in a few ways. It’s an interesting word twist and the meaning turned out to be even more profound.

LETTERS Thanks for the new Advance I just received my copy of the CCCU Advance, and what an advance it is indeed. It adds real value to our membership expense, providing inspiration,

Putting it in a proper context for this issue, the phrase deals with

good information and practical insights into new

the city, how it is both passive and active when it comes to living

programs and solutions to old problems. Thanks

in an urban environment. It both informs and shapes a citizen’s

for taking a big step forward in helping us learn

worldview. The same can be said for rural areas and the difference

from one another. Thanks for your good work.

of pace and style in living life. It’s really an issue of space. The cover story by Kendra Juskus (“Choose Thy Neighbor?” page 22)

–Lee Royce President, Mississippi College (MS)

profiles some CCCU campuses in rural and urban areas and examines

Aim for diversity on campus

the quintessential discussion of location from a Kingdom perspective.

Thank you for Senior Fellow Jim Mannoia’s Last

If the Kingdom of God is meant to be a global reality, what does that

Word about the importance of diversity. Yet as

look like for campuses? How does that fit in with student development,

one who works as a director for intercultural

both in an academic realm, but also in the preparation for life?

programs, I find that many of our institutions are

Also, Chris Martin takes a look at campuses that are building topnotch science facilities and bolstering science curriculum. Shanley Knox features Judson University (IL) and their architectural program, while Kami Rice talks about the Composite Financial Index. Plus, we find out how the 60th anniversary of Northwestern

focusing more on international diversity at the cost of addressing the lack of domestic diversity on our campuses, whether it be students of color or faculty of color who are born and/or raised in the United States. There is no doubt that the contribution of international students, faculty and

College (MN)’s radio station is connected to Billy Graham.

staff are valuable to any college community. Still,

If you haven’t done so already, make sure to register for the 2010

my sense is that it seems “easier” for campuses

International Forum on Christian Higher Education. We are excited for the speakers and sessions being offered. It’s something you don’t want to miss. Go to to register. Finally, this is the last issue with Brandon Rush as the Art Director. This

to send students off to other countries to learn about diversity rather than invest funding and staff/faculty to teach students to be interculturally competent and mature among their peers who may be African-American, Latino/a, etc.

is Brandon’s second tour in working at the CCCU. From his initial hiring

–Elena Yee Director of Intercultural Programs, Westmont College (CA)

in 2002 to his time at Asbury College (KY) and back to the Council last year, Brandon has designed every single CCCU Advance. He has seen this publication as an eight-page black and white newsletter, a slightly


larger four-color thematic brochure and as a much bigger magazine.

In the spring 2009 issue of the CCCU

Brandon is leaving Washington, D.C. for Houghton, New York, to become the lead designer at Houghton College (NY). It’s a great move for his family and a fantastic opportunity for him professionally. But, he will be missed at the Council. Cheers to you, man.

Advance, on page 9, the president-elect of East Texas Baptist University (TX) is Dr. Samuel W. “Dub” Oliver, not “Bud.”

SINCE THE INCEPTION OF THE RUSSIAN STUDIES PROGRAM in 1994, more than 500 students have traveled to Russia to study under the tutelage of RSP director Harley Wagler.


STUDENT PROGRAMS Russian Studies Program to Conclude after Fall 2010 Semester The Russian Studies Program, which has been at the heart

relationships between

of the BestSemester culture-crossing programs for the

Russia, the United States

past 16 years, will close after the fall 2010 semester. The

and the rest of the world.

decision was finalized by the CCCU Board of Directors during their summer meeting at College of the Ozarks (MO).

“Harley Wagler is considered a Russian literary and

“RSP has served us well and its impact will continue in the lives of the participants for many years to come.”

“While Russia continues to be strategically important in

political expert and the

the world today and our appreciation of Russian people

students that have studied

and culture has not diminished, current trends in study

under him have been

abroad have made it increasingly difficult to attract

tremendously shaped

students in sufficient numbers to continue offering

and benefited by his

a high quality culture-crossing experience. RSP has

knowledge and passion,”

served us well and its impact will continue in the lives

said Bussema. “The

of the participants for many years to come,” said Dr.

movement of the CCCU owes a great deal to the

Ken Bussema, vice president for student programs.

leadership he has provided in developing the Russian

Since the creation of the Russian Studies Program in 1994, close to 500 students have traveled to

Dr. Ken Bussema, vice president for student programs, CCCU

Studies Program. We are incredibly thankful for this amazing man and the legacy he will leave to RSP.”

Nizhnii Novgorod to study and reside at Nizhnii

The program will continue to accept students for the

Novgorod State University.

spring 2010 and fall 2010 semesters. Those interested

Under the direction of Harley Wagler, students have learned the Russian language, began to understand the vastness of Russian history and appreciate the nuances of the

are encouraged to go to to get more information. and begin the application process. continued on page 6>>


AROUND THE COUNCIL from page 5 >>

Applications Open for 2010 Uganda Study Tour The CCCU will offer a professional development study tour for faculty and staff in Uganda, Africa in May 2010. Called “Experiencing Uganda and Rwanda: An Encounter with Contemporary East African Issues,” the objective of this study tour is to provide participants with a short-term immersion experience based on the activities, methods and objectives of the Uganda Studies Program. TOM WILFORD

The tour will focus on key issues, such as HIV/AIDS in Uganda; reconciliation and forgiveness in postgenocide Rwanda; missions in an evangelized country and Christian liberal arts in the African context. The tour is centered at Uganda Christian University in Mukono, Uganda, site of the Uganda Studies Program.

JERRY AND JEANNIE HERBERT, with former CCCU president Myron Augsburger and his wife Esther. A celebration in honor of Herbert’s 28 years of service as director of the American Studies Program took place in August 2009.

Past Colleagues, ASP Alums Honor Herbert More than 100 former colleagues and alums of the American

DEADLINES for the BestSemester faculty study tour:

Studies Program gathered at the Council offices on Aug.

Dec. 14, 2009 Feb. 1, 2010

13 to celebrate the work of Jerry Herbert, former ASP

Early Application Regular Application

director. In comments from CCCU President Paul R. Corts and former colleagues Richard Gathro and John Bernbaum,

The early application deadline is Dec. 14, 2009, while the

Herbert was honored for the more than 2,000 students

regular application deadline is Feb. 1, 2010. Those interested

who came through ASP and learned under his tutelage.

may apply at Contact Danara Schurch, campus relations coordinator, at 202-548-5201 or at with any questions.

Student Programs Welcomes New Members The CCCU welcomes Danara Schurch and Mandi Warren to the Student Programs team. Taylor University (IN) graduate Danara Schurch joins the BestSemester team in the post of campus relations coordinator. While a student at Taylor, she attended both the Contemporary Music Center (CMC) and Middle East Studies Program (MESP). She holds an M.A. in Music Business from New York University and previously was a marketing manager for Sony Music. Most recently, Danara served as adjunct faculty at the CMC. Mandi Warren joined the CCCU staff as student programs coordinator. Mandi attended California Baptist University (CA) and Crichton College (TN) and holds a degree in education. Mandi has a variety of work experiences, including teaching kindergarten and administrative work

Herbert is continuing his work with students at the Washington, D.C. campus of Nyack College (NY) in an adjunct capacity.

PD&R International Trips, Institutes Held During Summer On June 25, CCCU North American and African faculty participated in the CCCU-Nagel-Plowshares faculty development trip to South Africa, studying “Public Theology.” Bob and Alice Evans, founders of the Plowshares Institute; Joel Carpenter, director of the Nagel Institute at Calvin College (MI), and Mimi Barnard, vice president for professional development and research for the CCCU, accompanied faculty to Johannesburg, Pretoria and Cape Town, where they met with senior government, church and higher education leaders. For many, this was their first experience in South Africa, a beautiful country with a lovely people and young democracy. Topics included xenophobia, AIDS, gender and political theology.

in the medical research field. Previously, Mandi worked

Also in June, approximately 60 women who currently serve

at Gordon College (MA), where she served for three

in faculty and administrative leadership positions across the

years as e-recruiter and senior admissions counselor.

CCCU participated in two Advanced Leadership Institutes


AROUND THE COUNCIL (ALIs) at Cedar Springs Christian Retreat Center, located near

A mixed-gender Leadership Development Institute,

Sumas, Wash. The institutes were coordinated by Dr. Karen

Advanced Leadership Institutes and Women’s Leadership

Longman, professor of higher education at Azusa Pacific

Development Institutes are scheduled for June 2010.

University (CA) and former VP for professional development

Go to for more details.

and research for the Council. Presenters included Mary Kate Morse, George Fox University (OR); Shirley Hoogstra, Calvin

IWU Holds First Women’s Leadership Initiative

College (MI); Carla Sanderson, Union University (TN);

In spring 2008, 20 women were identified from across

Debby White, Lee University (TN); Sondra Cave, MidAmerica

Indiana Wesleyan University (IN)’s faculty and staff as

Nazarene University (KS); Deana Porterfield, Azusa Pacific

emerging leaders. For their kickoff event, participants

University (CA); Mimi Barnard of the CCCU; Pat Anderson,

met for a weekend retreat with Shirley Mullen, president

retired provost of Fresno Pacific University (CA) and Eileen

of Houghton College (NY), as their speaker. Meeting

Hulme and Karen Longman, both of Azusa Pacific.

throughout the year, each participant was paired with a

“It was a privilege to be immersed in the 2009 Advanced Leadership Institutes as a window into the enormous capacity of these gifted women. Among the 60 ALI participants, many have moved into more significant leadership roles since their original involvement in the WLDI/LDI programs over the past decade. Interacting with these women about the latest leadership research and literature, as well as allowing them to learn from an impressive array of cabinetlevel leaders, was transformational,” Longman said.


mentor for a shadowing experience; Mimi Barnard, vice president of professional development and research for the CCCU, was the speaker for the concluding retreat held in Indianapolis. Cynthia Tweedell, director of the CCCU Center for Research in Adult Learning at IWU, Karen Hoffman, associate dean for arts and sciences, and Sharon Drury, former dean of IWU’s Adult and Professional Studies Program and now full-time faculty, co-led the initiative and are in discussion about expanding the program within the region.

Call for Proposals Welcome for CRAL Conference The Center for Research in Adult Learning is calling for proposals for “Enhancing the Quality of ChristCentered Adult Education,” a conference to be held May 11-12, 2010 at the Hyatt Place in Florence, K.Y.



























Proposals on any topic related to Adult Learning are encouraged. The Steering Committee is particularly


interested in research presentations on the following topics: • Alumni surveys—Impact on career, faith • Branch campus verses main campus outcomes • Spiritual transformation of adults


• Student learning outcomes • Alumni giving for adult programs

+2% -2%

• Adult persistence in graduate programs • Grade inflation • Best practices in technology (web enhanced courses) • Teaching diverse adult learners • Outcome assessment of adult programs compared to traditional programs Proposals will be accepted up to Nov. 30, 2009. For more information, visit continued on page 8>>


AROUND THE COUNCIL Grants Database Up and Running A new database to help students find prestigious grants and scholarships, as well as guidance in getting into graduate school, is now available online. Facilitated by the Centre for Scholarship and Christianity in Oxford (SCIO), the new database includes training on graduate school admissions, as well as best practices in procuring grant monies. The database

This fall, the CCCU is pleased to unveil

is free and available to students, faculty and staff and parents.

a new tool for online collaboration for

“Endeavoring to aid the participants at understanding the vision and

peer groups. The CCCU Networking

ethos and culture of a research university, develop the tools to successfully navigate the change from a small liberal arts school in the Christian tradition, we want to encourage a vision and understanding of vocation that can enable students to positively engage the opportunities and calling graduate

Communities enables you to collaborate with your peers in community groups via list-servs and with new tools including blogs, wikis, community

school presents,” said Stan Rosenberg, Ph.D., director of SCIO.

directory and a group-based file library

The database currently contains information for approximately 600 grants,

to share documents and images.

with the goal to include nearly 2000 grants and scholarships. To visit the database, go to

AKA Presidential Changes HOWARD PAYNE UNIVERSITY (TX) The Board of Trustees of Howard Payne University named Dr. William (Bill) Ellis as the 19th president of the 120 year-old institution. Ellis has served as provost and chief academic officer at HardinSimmons University (TX) since 2001. PALM BEACH ATLANTIC UNIVERSITY (FL) Palm Beach Atlantic University trustees voted

the executive vice president of Crichton College in Memphis, Tenn., was unanimously elected to the position by the Greenville College Board of Trustees after a year-long, nationwide presidential search. Linamen succeeds retired president Dr. V. James Mannoia and interim president Dr. Edwin Blue. Linamen has extensive experience in higher education. Previous posts include dean of Graduate Business Programs at Taylor University, provost at Colorado Christian University and provost at Dallas Baptist University (TX).

presidential search committee to appoint Lu Hardin,

Institutional Name Changes

J.D. as PBA’s seventh president. President Hardin

Bible College (New Zealand) is now Laidlaw College.

began his term of service July 1, 2009. An educator

The Web site was changed to

unanimously to accept the recommendation of the

who became a state senator, Hardin, 57, is the former president of the University of Central Arkansas (UCA). GREENVILLE COLLEGE (IL) On July 1, 2009, Dr. Larry H. Linamen became the 11th president of Greenville College. Linamen, previously


Southern Cross College (Australia) is now Alphacrucis College. The Web site is changed to



Editor’s Note: As part of our ongoing efforts to provide a publication that truly meets the needs of our membership, we are expanding On the Shelf. The aim is to highlight what people are reading and why. In upcoming issues, those who have made significant contributions to Christ-centered higher education, as well as in the larger cultural realm, will be sharing what’s on their bookshelves and what’s catching their eye. First up is Dr. Philip Eaton, president of Seattle Pacific University (WA). An avid reader, President Eaton loves books — of all kinds. Here are a few of his recent favorites, taken from The President’s Bookshelf, which can be found in SPU’s Response magazine at and on his new blog at

Hannah Coulter

Surprised by Hope

Wendell Berry

N.T. Wright

(Counterpoint, 2005)

(HarperOne, 2008).

This is one piece of Berry’s

I have been deeply impacted

marvelous saga of rural life in

by this fresh, stimulating,

Southern Kentucky—families

provocative view of the

caught up in social and cultural

resurrection. I know some of

forces of profound change beyond

this is a bit controversial, a

their control. This is the tragic

challenge to our conventional

passing, in Berry’s view, of the

views of heaven. But Wright

deep agrarian roots of American culture. Hannah watches

reminds us that the resurrection of Jesus Christ, that

her children leave the farm to pursue their own vocations

mysterious claim at the center of our faith, is profoundly

and comes to the painful realization that she will be the

fundamental to the way we carry out the mission of

last to live and flourish, even through the hardships, on

God’s people in the present. There is hope out ahead––

this precious land. The book is beautiful, reminding us of

and so we can and we must live as hopeful people,

deep, important values of an agrarian society —hard work,

changing the world in anticipation of what’s yet to come.

perseverance, living without debt, keeping on in the face of hardship and loss, celebration of bounty, stamina during lean times. This book mourns the loss of the passing of a way of life. We have much to learn from Hannah Coulter.

In addition, two CCCU Senior Fellows have recently published books.

Mutual Treasure: Seeking Better Ways for Christians and Culture to Converse Edited by Harold Heie & Michael A. King (Cascadia Publishing, 2009).

God Hides in Plain Sight: How to See the Sacred in a Chaotic World Dean Nelson (BrazosPress: 2009).


ON THE HILL Direct Lending: The Holy Grail for Student Aid Advocates by Nate Mouttet


he past few years for student lending have been

loans, at the same low interest rates, terms and conditions,

a steady diet of uncertainty and new norms.

no matter what happens in the economy…The legislation

Both the Bush and the Obama Administrations

will ensure that all federal student loan borrowers receive the

have set their sights on changing the status quo

best possible customer service when repaying their loans by

of student lending. Under Secretary Spellings

forging a new public-private partnership that allows private

the goal was to reform the business relationships campuses

lenders to compete for contracts to service loans. Additionally,

had with lenders to remove possible ethical concerns. Now

it will ensure that non-profit lenders have the opportunity to

under Secretary Duncan there is a desire to find new budget

continue servicing loans – preserving a role for lenders and

monies by removing the lending industry and their financial

maintaining jobs in communities throughout the country.”2

incentives from the student lending process.

Yet a few days after the initial bill was introduced, an article in

The goal of changing student lending is a mutual aspiration identified that “…as the Obama proposal

those in higher education can look to as a high ideal by reducing

has morphed into House legislation (H.R. 3221), Democratic

financial waste and increasing the federal funding for students

lawmakers would direct less than half of the money that could

to attend college. Yet, the proposal is not without controversy.

be generated by the legislation to increasing the Pell Grant,

The 111th Congress brings the latest round of changes to the forefront and it comes with a tantalizing dream of creating a Pell Grant entitlement. However, with those promises come mixed blessings. The Labor and Education committee in the House of Representatives introduced a massive restructuring of student aid. The desired result as stated by committee Chair Rep. George Miller (D-CA) is, that “the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 2009 will generate almost $100 billion in savings over the next ten years that will be used to boost Pell Grant scholarships, keep interest rates on federal loans

and tens of billions of dollars would go to purposes outside higher education, including early childhood learning and reducing the federal deficit.” The higher education community is torn over the ultimate value of the bill. Associations like those of the American Association of Community Colleges have fully endorsed this legislation yet others, like the National Association of Independent Colleges & Universities, have significant reservations. The concerns over the bill are most significant in the areas of where the funding is directed, and some logistical concerns with simply changing the way that business is done.

affordable, safeguard federal student loan access for families,

The funding concerns remain because as Pell Grants are

and enact President Obama’s key education priorities.”1

increased, they may not be “entitled” as the savings from

A release from the House Labor and Education committee, further explains the value of the legislations. “Similar to what President Obama proposed in his FY 2010 budget, the bill will originate all new federal student loans through the Direct

students lenders are not specifically sectioned off for Pell Grants. Additionally, greater amounts of funding are being directed towards community colleges and two-year colleges and as part of a larger higher education funding priority.

Loan program starting in 2010, instead of through lenders

The CCCU, like NAICU, continues to watch the concern

subsidized by taxpayers in the federally-guaranteed student

over funding priorities as the bill goes to the Senate after its

loan program. Unlike the lender-based program, the Direct

passage in the House.

Loan program is entirely insulated from market swings and


can therefore guarantee students access to affordable college



OPEN SOURCE Professor Urges Students to Unplug to Get Truly Connected By Erin Mussolum


ach spring, Associate Professor of Philosophy Robert Doede

responding to people

at Trinity Western University (Vancouver, British Columbia)

and projecting the

puts social media addiction to the test. For a 5 percent

right image of yourself.

bonus credit, his Philosophy 210 students are challenged

I was anxious about

to abstain from all social and traditional media throughout

making sure I had the

the three-month semester and to journal about their experiences.

right photos up.”

In giving up media like Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, video games, television

“Attention is something

and movies, it becomes clear that only the strong succeed. Doede says

that diminishes as

that out of a typical class of 35, only about 12 seek the challenge, and

there are more demands on students’ time in

by the end of the semester, only four to six are still “media abstinent.”

terms of information access and our world.

In a fit of irony, Doede’s challenge has garnered him media attention, including a mention in The Metro of Vancouver and The Wired Campus, part of The Chronicle for Higher Education’s technology coverage.


Our culture provides an over abundance of information access. We have so much we can’t linger on anything in particular or access anything for long because then we

While social media sites like Facebook provide an easy

are losing out,” Doede said. “This creates a

connection to significant people in our lives, Doede

subtle anxiety from within us as we try to be

sees the downside of these sites first-hand.

as efficient and as rapid-fire as possible in

“Students can’t wait to get out of class to update, find out if anyone

as many domains of our life as possible.”

commented on their page or sent them anything,” Doede said. “Their spare

Doede believes social networking sites are

time is being more and more devoted to keeping so-called friends apprised

only going to get more sophisticated and

of their lives and satisfying their own voyeuristic interests in others’ lives, to

will in fact morph into new forms of social

the point that schoolwork can be surrounded by the anxieties of updating.”

mediation that will entice us to keep up

Doede mentioned that students partaking in the fast share with him

with their increasingly inhuman pace.

in their journals that, as they abstain from media, they see a decrease

“If we are not extremely careful in how we

in anxiety, have more time, notice their sleeping habits change and

allow these sites to enter our lives, we will find

lose weight. Their grade point average generally increases.

our capacities to attend to other humans with

Hannah Jenkins, a junior at TWU, decided to take Doede up on his challenge. Until taking the class she, like all her peers, had been a

the care and sensitivity they deserve subtly yet profoundly diminished,” he said.

big user of Facebook. Jenkins shares how she would spend hours non-stop playing around on Facebook and recalls that, “afterward I felt completely numb, drained and devoid of all humanity.” “At first when I went off Facebook I found it really difficult,” Jenkins said. “A big feature of it was events and when you aren’t on Facebook, you are disconnected from invitations. There is also a lot of anxiety around

Erin Mussolum is the senior media relations specialist at Trinity Western University (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada).


GOING GLOBAL Global Partnerships Make Vienna University Truly International by Mimi Wiggins Perreault


he International University in Vienna, Austria is a

“They also have incredible connections in both

unique place of learning in large part because of its

fields for those American institutions considering

connections with other international schools.

off-campus study and mission tours in Central

“Our student body is very international and we [currently have] approximately 75 different nations [represented] among

our students,” said Sabrina Nill, director of marketing/admissions at IUV. The university was established in 1981 and has more than 100 different nationalities attending. According to Nill, a typical class of 15 students will have 10 different nationalities, creating an environment of cultural training within itself. IUV prides itself on its diverse community and international focus that caters to the student wanting a more global perspective. There are several international schools affiliated with IUV, including several CCCU member schools. Ed Ericson, a business professor at John Brown University (AR), spent 10 days last spring as the Dellenback Fellow, composing a report for the CCCU and his university at IUV.

and Eastern Europe,” commented Ericson. During his time, Ericson wrote several reports about IUV’s programs, physical spaces, its assessment processes and what directions the school might take regarding accreditation. He also had the opportunity to meet several students who were studying at IUV. ”The students at IUV were amazing,” he said. “The Romanian student working in admissions speaks five or six languages fluently. The North Korean woman I interviewed was a complete bookworm who helped run the library and loved it. Students like these had a passion for the freedom, opportunities

Ericson’s work consisted of serving as an outside consultant

and intellectual stimulation that I don’t see

helping the institution by setting up an effective assessment

as much of in our American context, and

system, preparing for its first major accreditation exploration,

American students attending IUV would grow

analyzing its strengths and weaknesses and exploring possible

tremendously from being around such a

connections it might make with other organizations.

diverse and exciting group of individuals.”

“Dr. Ericson’s help was very practical in many ways, including

Ericson found, however, that there are things the

help us to trim down a too-large outcomes assessment plan with

international students could learn from American

more instruments than would have been sustainable. Since we

students who might attend the school as well.

were new at the outcomes assessment process, this help was and remains critical to our success in our accreditation process now more than a year later,” said Dr. Linda Boyer, dean at IUV.

“Our American students are more wellrounded and thoughtful about life in general and the Christian understanding of life in

Through his research, Ericson found that students at the university

particular,” he said. “They typically have

faced several challenges because of the history of the country

more formal education and more background

and the structure of the faculty. The university offers a variety of

in the liberal arts. As such, our American

programs, including those in business and international relations

students would have much to share with

both in Vienna and in the former Soviet Union. This makes IUV the

these students from around the globe.”

ideal place to learn about diplomacy and cross cultural relations.



These Books


James K. A. Smith

9780801035777 • 240 pp. • $21.99p • Sale Price: $11.00 Desiring the Kingdom focuses education around the themes of liturgy, formation, and desire. Smith contends—as did Augustine—that human beings are “desiring agents”; in other words, we are what we love. Postmodern culture, far from being “secular,” is saturated with liturgy, but in places such as malls, stadiums, and universities. While these structures influence us, they do not point us to the best of ends. Smith aims to move beyond a focus on “worldview” to see Christian education as a counter-formation to these secular liturgies. “Smith deftly describes the ‘liturgies’ of contemporary life that are played out in churches— but also in shopping malls, sports arenas, and the ad industry—and then re-imagines the Christian university as a place where students learn to properly love the world and not just think about it.”—Douglas Jacobsen and Rhonda Hustedt Jacobsen, Messiah College


Dale S. Kuehne

9780801035876 • 240 pp. • $19.99p • Sale Price: $10.00 Politics professor and pastor Dale Kuehne examines current issues pertaining to sexuality and society following the sexual revolution and asks, What kind of world are we creating? Is it a world that is actually harming us more than benefiting us? With an inclusive perspective and a cordial openness to responses from all points of view, Kuehne contrasts the long-established “tWorld,” in which traditional morality reigned, with the present-day “iWorld,” in which the immediate desires of the individual have been deemed paramount. He maintains that both fail to deliver the benefits of the proposed “rWorld,” in which a larger web of healthy and nourishing social relationships provides the most personally fulfilling context for sexuality and relational well-being.

Kuehne has recently spoken on the campuses of Gordon College and Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, and is available to speak at your campus. Contact him at politics/faculty/dkuehne/. “A superb accomplishment.”—Stanton L. Jones, provost, Wheaton College


HOW TO ORDER Discount available online at (use code CCCU in the Promotional Coupon Code space in the shopping cart), or by calling 1-800-877-2665 and quoting order code CCCU. Discount not available at Baker Book House retail locations.

R&D CCCU Students, Faculty Awarded as Fulbright Scholars by Mimi Wiggins Perreault


aylor University (IN) computer science

English Teaching Assistantship grants to teach English as

professor Stefan Brandle was awarded a

a foreign language. Hamilton will teach in Malaysia for at

Fulbright Fellowship and spent August 2008

least seven months, and Whisenand will teach in Germany

through July 2009 working in Mauritius, an

for 10 months. These two bring the number of Fulbright

island off the east coast of Madagascar.

student winners from Whitworth to nine since 2000.

“It reminded me of the importance of feedback in learning,”

Lipscomb University (TN) graduate Katie Jacoby also

Brandle said. “I learned the importance of being forced to

received a Fulbright English Teaching Assistantship to

explain something through your actions. Without the feedback

teach English for a year at a college in Colombia.

and assessment loop lower quality learning is happening. This was something I was reminded of during my time there.”

This year Calvin College’s (MI) Fulbright honorees included three professors and a recent graduate. Geographer Janel

Brandle did his work at the University of Mauritius, where he

Curry, a previous Fulbright award recipient, will be based

helped the school to adopt automatic grading of computer

at the City University of Hong Kong. Philosopher David

science programs. The program was designed to grade

Hoekema will spend a semester teaching and researching

computer science programs, because at the university, the

African political philosophies at Daystar University in

professor-to-student ratio was very large and faculty members

Kenya. History professor Jim Bratt was awarded the

had very little time to grade computer programs as a result.

Fulbright-Dow Distinguished Research Chair Award and

Brandle is just one example of the gains made in the academic realm this past year. With several schools celebrating Fulbright Scholars Program Awards, schools are putting their academic programs, as well as alumni and faculty, on the map. The Fulbright Scholars Program, named for Sen. William J. Fulbright in 1946, began as a way for people to develop their academic interests. The program gives out several grants through the U.S. State Department that provide pr students and professors opportunities to learn about

will be working at the Roosevelt Study Center in the Netherlands for the spring semester of 2010. Recent graduate Eric Bratt will be studying Chinese language in Manchuria; he began his study of Mandarin in July. Calvin students also were recipients of the Goldwater Fellowship, named after the former senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona. The scholarship is awarded to about 300 college sophomores and juniors nationwide for a maximum of $7,500 per academic year. Those students were Luke Leisman, Alexandra Cok, Sarah Tasker, Tim Ferdinands and Melissa Haegert.

outside cultures. This year there is a long list of awards

Azusa Pacific University (CA) graduate Kelsey Maass also

given by the Fulbright Scholars Program to CCCU schools.

received the Fulbright English Teaching Assistantship grant.

Malone University’s (OH) Ken Stoltzfus plans to research the ways that Russian social workers integrate spirituality and religion in their social work practices. Stoltzfus and his family will be in Russia January through June 2010. Two recent graduates of Whitworth University (WA), Kendra Hamilton and Amy Whisenand, were awarded Fulbright


Maass has studied Spanish and Catalan, the native language of Andorra, where she will be teaching during the next year. Mimi Wiggins Perreault lives in downtown, Washington, D.C. with her husband Greg. In addition to working part-time for Agence France Press as a media producer, she is pursuing a Master’s of Arts in Communication Culture and Technology at Georgetown University. Mimi is an alumna of the Washington Journalism Center (’04) and graduate of Baylor University (TX), BA ’05.

Pursue a Degree that Increases Your Knowledge as it Lifts Your Faith At Regent University, we know you want to pursue a degree program that values your faith as much as your desire for academic excellence. You enjoy learning from gifted professors who are passionate about serving both students and society—professors like Dr. Louis Gallien, compelled by a fervent call to servanthood. Learn more about our online Higher Education Leadership (Ed.D.) and Student Affairs (M.Ed.) programs designed specifically for CCCU employees— structured with excellence and taught by distinguished CCCU faculty.

Call 888.713.1595


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Programs: Student Affairs, M.Ed. Higher Education Leadership, Ed.D. 25% Scholarship Available to All CCCU Employees



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he Council for Christian Colleges & Universities

God through word and deed. It was three students from

marks October as Christian Higher Education

a CCCU campus who began Acting on AIDS and it will

Month. Since 1999, the CCCU has celebrated

be many more students who start new initiatives; we

the work of its members and affiliates in

invite students at CCCU campuses to get involved in the

promoting Christ-centered higher education

political process and find ways to curb the tides of injustice

worldwide and the accomplishments of faculty, students and alumni. This year, the Council promoted various partnerships with leading organizations in the fields of humanitarian relief, education and sustainability.

World Vision: A Day of Prayer, Call to Action The Council for Christian Colleges & Universities was proud to partner with

in our world,” said CCCU President Paul R. Corts. In addition to the Day of Prayer, Oct. 1 marked the introduction of the World Vision ACT:s college activism network. Formerly Acting on AIDS, ACT:s is a movement of college students committed to exploring what our faith says about poverty and injustice using creative activism to bring issues to life and change hearts on campus, and using our voices to advocate our elected leaders and communities to help end poverty, injustice, and human suffering.

World Vision and students at CCCU institutions as they

“There is no doubt that college students today are passionate

fight to end extreme poverty and injustice. This year, the

and influential. World Vision believes it is essential to engage

CCCU and World Vision encouraged students on CCCU

with Christian college students in using their voices and

campuses to participate in the Day of Prayer and Action.

energy to speak out and take action on behalf of the poor

“The passion for social justice on CCCU campuses is palpable and present in many facets. Activism through engagement is growing and thriving and the CCCU is proud to stand shoulder-to-shoulder with World Vision, an organization who is focused on showing the love of


and suffering. Our partnership with the CCCU both past and future is a key part in our engagement with the future generation of the church,” said Richard Stearns, president of World Vision. Learn more at

CHRISTIAN HIGHER EDUCATION MONTH Richard Stearns will also be speaking at the 2010 International Forum on Christian Higher Education, Feb. 23-26, 2010 in Atlanta, Georgia.

the second annual Day of Prayer for God’s Creation. As part of the Day of Prayer, the students of Renewal invited all Christians to join in fasting from one source of energy use for the day. Examples include: not driving for the day, shutting off lights, fasting from cell phones, television, computers, or other sources of electricity,

Teach for America: Record Students Join Growing Organization

eating vegetarian for the day and other measures.

As part of Christian Higher Education Month, the Council

other efforts with leading sustainability organizations, working

of Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU) announced

to further the work of being good stewards of God’s Creation.

In addition to the work with Renewal, the CCCU is rooted in

that 98 recent graduates from CCCU institutions joined Teach For America’s 2009 teacher corps, more than

Creation Care Fund

double the number who joined in 2008. The increase

Buoyed by generous funding from the Creation Care Fund,

stems from a strategic partnership launched last year by

the CCCU awarded six institutions mini-grants to

Teach For America and the CCCU to help recruit even more

begin the process of sustainability. More information

outstanding seniors who are eager to have an immediate

on the progress of the six institutions will be

impact on the academic achievement gap that exists

coming in a future issue of CCCU Advance.

between children growing up in low-income communities and their peers in higher-income neighborhoods. ”Teach For America is pleased to see more young people joining the fight to eliminate education inequity,” said Nicole Baker Fulgham, vice president of Teach For America’s faith community relations initiative. “Students at CCCU schools exemplify a commit to social justice that is, in part, motivated by their faith tradition. Those who join Teach For America are working alongside thousands of other dedicated teachers to ensure that their students have access to the high-quality education they deserve.”

Evangelical Environmental Network CCCU President Paul R. Corts and many presidents and top officials of CCCU institutions have joined the Evangelical Climate Initiative and signed its landmark statement “Climate Change: An Evangelical Call to Action,” which has 270 signatures to

Wendy Kopp, the founder and CEO of Teach For America,

date. Another growing movement is the “Presidents Climate

will be a plenary speaker at the 2010 International Forum

Commitment.” To date several CCCU schools are signatories.

on Christian Higher Education, set for Feb. 24-26, 2010 in Atlanta, Georgia. For more information about the Forum, go to

Sustainability: Celebrating Efforts, Pressing to Do More

BestSemester OffCampus Programs Several of the BestSemester off-campus study programs are thinking globally and

In recognizing the

acting hopefully. Through our curriculum and efforts,

partnerships of various

students understand that in policy initiatives and personal

organizations dedicated

decisions, each decision matters. To read more, go to the

to issues of sustainability

current issue of BestSemester Magazine. That issue and

and creation care, the

past issues can be found at

Council for Christian Colleges & Universities was proud to celebrate Campus Sustainability Day as part of its efforts in Christian Higher Education Month. In addition to Campus Sustainability Day, the CCCU joined with groups such as Renewal for









As the only CCCU institution to offer a degree in architecture, Judson University (IL) is building the foundation for faithfulness and excellence in the field. by Shanley Knox | Photos provided by Keelan Kaiser


side from celebrity architects such as Mies van der Rohe and the two Franks (Gehry and Lloyd Wright), the field of architecture is often underplayed and undervalued. Most don’t know the complexities architects grapple with in planning and construction.

Moreover, most lists for top architecture programs mention large public and private institutions such as Harvard, Virginia Tech and Cal Poly San Luis Obispo in central California. When viewed through a secular lens, small institutions, let alone small religious institutions, aren’t apparently competitive with larger campuses. Which makes Judson University (IL) all the more interesting. Aside from being the only CCCU campus and only one of two institutions in the United States with a Christian mission to offer bachelor and master’s degrees in architecture, Judson is also much smaller than most universities with architecture programs. Despite its enrollment figures, the program makes its own place in the world of architecture schools through nurturing a unique studio atmosphere, internship program and a LEED-Gold facility.

OPENED IN 2007, the Weber Center, which houses the architecture department and the Central Library. Judson’s facility is the only campus in the country, religious or secular, to have a LEED-certified gold rated building.

The Journey to Accreditation Judson University’s road to a degree began in 1997 as the result of a year-long feasibility study to determine the legitimacy of an architecture school. The study revealed that around 20,000 students per year would continued on page 20>>



“There was a real niche of demand for a program that both could meet people’s professional goals as well as have the exposure of working on a Christian culture and campus.” – Royce Earnest,

Judson University graduate program coordinator

from page 19>>

be interested in studying architecture in the context of a Christian school. Judson responded with a program that began with 20 students, and has grown into an accredited

JUDSON’S EMPHASIS ON BALANCE AND COLLABORATION allows for students to be competitive in the studio without being cutthroat. It’s an approach many campuses are adopting for their own respective programs.

program of 225 students and 10 full-time faculty.

Architecture degrees are accredited by the National

“[The growth] was painful and exhilarating at the same time. A

Architectural Accreditation Board (NAAB), of which Kaiser

lot of institutional changes had to happen in order for [growth]

is a national board member, by a process that took Judson

to happen. The program has been dynamic the whole time,”

seven years to complete, the minimum time required.

said Keelan Kaiser, chair of the department of architecture.

Earnest notes that many smaller campuses cannot bear

As graduate program coordinator Royce Earnest notes, it isn’t surprising that students originally chose

the financial burden of the unique requirements necessary to successfully deliver a degree in architecture.

Judson first for its Christian atmosphere, and secondly

Although it is not mandatory for students to attend Judson

for its program. However, the degree in architecture

for both their bachelor’s and master’s degrees, many

is one of Judson’s most popular degrees today.

students choose to stay at Judson for all six years of

“There was a real niche of demand for a program that both could meet people’s professional goals as well as have the exposure of working on a Christian culture and campus,” Earnest said. “You’re not allowed to talk about your faith at public institution, [but] we think we’re a place where you don’t have to not talk about those things. You

schooling required for earning the accredited degree. Aside from graduating from an accredited degree program with an architecture degree, licensed architects are required to complete a three-year working internship and pass a series of examinations. Usually, architecture programs streamline students straight into graduate school before

can talk about how your faith impacts your approach to

allowing time for them to begin their internships. Judson

sustainability and the responsible use of resources.”

requires students to complete a nine-to- 12 month

Judson’s solitariness as an architecture program within

internship before entering Judson’s graduate school.

the CCCU is largely due to the difficulty involved in

“Very few schools require as extensive of professional practice

accreditation. Universities are required to have faculty for

as we do to complete the master’s degree,” Kaiser said.

all four (or, in Judson’s case, six) years of the architectural

“Students graduate with job experience and thus are much

program, as well as library staff in support of the program.

more competitive for job placement upon graduation. But


ARCHITECTURE more importantly, students return to graduate studies with a

use of resources,” Earnest said. “We want to do that, and

much broader understanding of the discipline and practice of

at the same time provide a setting that fosters the needs

architecture as a result of their diverse practice experiences.”

of those who want to further their faith in doing it.”

LEEDing by Example Students at Judson can choose from two concentrations:

A Blueprint for Community Outreach

traditional and urbanism or sustainable design. The program’s

Judson’s Christian principles have made it a leader in its

material is widespread, teaching students everything from

field, according to Earnest. For many years, architecture

residential architecture to commercial, civic and institutional

school has been considered a grueling rite of passage.

design, along with both traditional and contemporary styles.

Judson, in contrast, designed its program to be the

“Traditional is the study of classical architecture and more

model of a healthy working environment. Kaiser said the

historically considered. Sustainable has to do more with low

school’s restriction on access to its studio, a measure

energy design strategies, buildings that require less energy

almost unheard of at architecture schools, shows its

to operate,” Kaiser said. “Buildings, regionally specific

seriousness. Architecture education has begun to shift to

architecture, low and zero energy building, a lot of it has to do

a model similar to Judson’s, a sign the staff at Judson have

with technology, but some have to do with good basic design

taken to mean they are headed in the right direction.

orientation skills which, of course, we feel we are experts at.”

“Where other schools tend to be very competitive, even to the

All schools have program distinctions, according to Kaiser,

point of being cutthroat, I have found the people at Judson

but Judson is interested in not only being distinctive in its

to be much more collaborative and helpful,” Joe Juhl, a grad

institutional mission, but in the educational experience

student at Judson, said. “If you need to borrow a tool, marker

of students. Part of that provision comes in Judson’s

set or ruler, people are usually happy to help you out. Once I

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)

even had one of my classmates help me build a model I was

gold rated architecture building, a third party rating

struggling to finish on time after he had completed his own.”

honoring excellence in environmental design. Judson is the only architecture school in the country, secular or religious, housed in a LEED gold rated building. The building only uses 50 percent of the power in natural gas that a typical building does, uses natural lighting during the day, is naturally ventilated and generates its own solar power. Extensive prairie landscape surrounding the building serves as habitat restoration.

One of Judson’s defining qualities is its focus on community outreach. Students learn the art of design through pro bono work on projects for organizations or churches that cannot afford to hire architectural workers. “There’s a community and public involvement in everything we do,” Kaiser said. “We do try to take advantage and do those kinds of outreach. That might be working with YMCA on renovating their facilities,

“Our goal is to meet all the needs of the profession, and to

or we’ve done some work with the local Habitat for

do what ethically responsible architects do, and to encourage

Humanity chapter with designing their facilities.”

better use of materials and energy and the responsible

Kaiser sees architecture as a way to capitalize on opportunities to be a light in the community

Judson is the only architecture school in the country, secular or religious, housed in a LEED gold rated building.

of Elgin, the city where Judson is located. “The program has been an all-over benefit to the institution,” Kaiser said. “We have a very competitive program, so we have always enjoyed high enrollments and activity in our freshman and transfer student intakes. We’re still the only evangelical university with an architecture program and there’s a market for that.” Shanley Knox is a journalism student at Biola University (CA) and a freelance writer currently working and living in northern California.



TOP: DORDT COLLEGE (IA) is one of the few campuses in the CCCU to offer a robust agricultural program, complete with an off-campus farm. BOTTOM: NYACK COLLEGE (NY) serves more than half of its student body in its satellite campuses, including one in Manhattan.




Contemporary discussions about location revolve around issues of population migrations and economic drivers and how higher education fits amidst the shifting patterns. Some institutions want to make a sense of place irrelevant, while some cling to place as paramount to identity. Whether a campus is rooted in a rural setting or planted in an urban environment, the focus should be more than just place, but rather embodying the space for the Kingdom. By Kendra Langdon Juskus


he Web site for the city of Sioux Center,

Dordt is not alone in this effort. More and more, Christian

Iowa speaks of paved roads, well-kept

colleges are encouraging—through their philosophies,

homes and a community of “people who

their programming and their policies—a familiarity

like to live and educate their children in

with the value and influence of their particular local

a wholesome Christian environment.”

cultures, as well as engagement with a global wealth of

The town is also home to Dordt College (IA), which

augments the local population of 6500 citizens by an

diversity and experience. And they are doing so within the larger context of an increasingly polarized country.

additional 1300 young people each August, and stretches

At the same time that globalization and the interaction of

both its student population and its larger community

a panoply of cultures and ideas has swept the world, U.S.

to see and think beyond their bucolic surroundings.

citizens have watched recent elections turn their electoral

“God’s world is global,” explained Michael Ten Haken, Dordt’s marketing and public relations coordinator. “It’s not a matter of we’ve got all the answers right here in our 115 acres.”

map increasingly red in the center and blue on the margins. Research shows that such polarization is working at an even more nuanced level, as growing wealth and education allow citizens to live near a choice of schools, stores and cultural institutions that accord with their political and

In trying to follow this idea, Ten Haken stated that

ideological standards. By making these choices, and by

Dordt strives to balance its students’ exposure to

corralling the materials they read, the news they watch and

the rich textures of the world with their involvement

the Internet sites they frequent into those same standards,

in the details of Sioux Center’s daily life.

citizens also, in effect, choose like-minded neighbors.

continued on page 24>>




from page 23>>

also from an enduring commitment to local relevance.

The role that Christian institutions of higher education

North Park is embedded in one of the most ethnically

are striving to play in this atmosphere is dictated by an

diverse neighborhoods in the United States, so students

understanding of God’s kingdom as, like Ten Haken said,

can’t help but live an urban lifestyle among lots of

a global one. In particular, in two often very disparate

different languages, traditions and life situations.

contexts—rural and urban settings—CCCU campuses

“Our president likes to use the phrase that the city is

are choosing not to sequester students with other likeminded individuals, or to keep them from unfamiliar experiences; in contrast to the larger culture’s trends, these

both our text and our context,” explained Johnson. “So that means it is the environment in which we’re learning, it’s our context here in the city, and as students go to

schools are purposefully weaving differing viewpoints,

class and participate in co-curricular programming and

backgrounds and experiences into their communities.

explore, they are exploring the city of Chicago and all of its

The Space as Text and Context

diversity. But it’s also our text, in the sense that we’re in the process of intentionally incorporating elements of our

“There’s just an understanding that the kingdom

urban surroundings and our city into coursework, into the

gospel is one in which every tribe and nation would be

classroom and … into our co-curricular programming.”

worshiping God together and in community together,” explained Richard Johnson about North Park University (IL), where he is the director of university ministries. North Park has been situated in the city of Chicago since its establishment by the Evangelical Covenant Church in 1891. Today its tagline is “Christian, Urban, Multicultural,” and the school takes this mission seriously.

A similar diversity seems to come naturally to Nyack College (NY). Nyack has a traditional campus in campus in South Nyack, N.Y, about 20 miles northwest of New York City, as well as several satellite campuses—the most significant of which is located in downtown Manhattan. Over half of Nyack’s student body is non-white—a percentage that is nearly mirrored by the diversity of its faculty—and draws

Two of these characteristics—urban and multicultural—

students from 60 different countries. And while its New York

arise not only out of an institutional desire to acquaint

City locale has influenced those numbers, Provost David

many students with a broad range of experiences, but

Turk said that Nyack’s population wasn’t always so eclectic.



In contrast to the larger culture’s trends, [CCCU] schools are purposefully weaving differing viewpoints, backgrounds and experiences into their communities.


TOP LEFT: STUDENTS AT MONTREAT COLLEGE (NC) have the dual luxury of living and studying in the Blue Ridge Mountains, but also being within close range to Asheville, N.C. ABOVE: ESTABLISHED IN 1995, NYACK’S NYC CAMPUS SERVES A COMMUNITY OF ADULT STUDENTS who are already in ministry at churches and organizations throughout the city. “We did, as a matter of policy back in the early nineties, begin

rights monuments of the South. Montreat College, in the

actively recruiting from New York City,” he explained. “And

mountains of western North Carolina, regularly commissions

that was recruiting to the Rockland campus. Previous to that,

students on BestSemester off-campus programs, and

it was a very white campus. And we also, in the early part

Dordt encourages both students and faculty to spend

of this decade, laid out a statement about diversifying the

semesters teaching or learning away from Sioux Center.

faculty. There are ... Christian college campuses that are right in cities and still very, very white, so you can maintain that, if you wish, but you have to decide: This is where we’re going.”

“It’s very much part of the mission of who we are,” explained Ten Haken about Dordt’s motivation for expanding students’ perspectives, “to say we want to help students who go out

In addition to making that decision to foster a diversity of

into God’s world and want to make a difference; in their

thought and background on campus, most institutions are

own back yard, yes, but around the world, certainly.”

increasingly invested in displacing students from their familiar of people who may live in completely different places and

Being in the Space, But Not Necessarily of the Space

situations, but who are nonetheless their neighbors.

But when a school intentionally invites or pursues such a

contexts in order to provide them with the perspectives

Nyack’s service learning program attempts to move all juniors and seniors—from both its traditional and its urban campuses, so that students from the two mingle—overseas for three weeks. One of North Park’s most popular programs is Sankofa, where black and white students partner for four weeks of classes on civil rights in the United States. The experience culminates in a four-day bus trip through the civil

variety of background and experience as a part of its identity, it may, in some ways, be at odds with its back yard context. Schools can become ghettoized even in their diversity, sealing themselves and their assortment of cultural and intellectual resources off from the local areas that host them. The incorporation of the local culture into the life and ethos continued on page 26>>



“ The kingdom gospel is one in which every tribe and nation would be worshiping God together and in community together.” —Richard Johnson Director of university ministries North Park University (IL)

from page 25>>

of both rural and urban campuses is the flip-side of schools’

the larger city of Charlotte. Consequently, serving the local

efforts to transcend national trends of homogenization.

community can mean a variety of things, and it looks different

Dordt’s programming, for example, is directly tied to its agricultural setting, even as campus life extends students’ experiences beyond that setting. It is one of the few Christian schools that offers an agriculture program and maintains an off-campus farm. It also encourages students to seek church families in Sioux Center or other nearby towns, and invites local businesses to promote

from one community to the next. In Asheville, students from Montreat’s traditional campus serve in shelters and at a soup kitchen they initiated for local homeless citizens. Meanwhile, in the mountains, Montreat as an institution and a student body come alongside local town councils and community members to partner in environmental stewardship initiatives like trail maintenance and water conservation practices.

their services on campus when school first starts, so that

“[These] are community-led initiatives that our students

students can take advantage of in-town resources.

get on board with,” explained campus chaplain

But the posture in which Christian colleges most often

Steve Woodworth about this more rural community

relate to their local towns, cities or villages is that of service.

involvement, “and now I think that’s become a regular

Nyack’s city campus serves a community of adult students

part of how we think about our new projects here on

who are already in ministry in churches and organizations

campus and how it’s going to affect the town.”

throughout the city. Because of the small size and relative isolation of Sioux Center, Dordt offers shared use of its recreation and cultural facilities with the city, and also invites citizens to all of its speaking and cultural events.

Many schools’ relationships with their local communities are also based upon recruitment. North Park, Dordt, Nyack and Montreat all draw many incoming freshmen from their home states and nearby cities. But after four

Montreat College (NC) is in a unique geographical position:

years spent learning the value of perspectives they may

it sits in the wilderness of the Blue Ridge Mountains, but

have never encountered before, many students decide

is within 15 miles of the city of Asheville, where it has an

not to return to their home communities, or at least to

adult education campus. It also hosts similar programs in

carry those perspectives back with them when they do.



“ There are ... Christian college campuses that are right in cities and still very, very white, so you can maintain that, if you wish, but you have to decide: This is where we’re going.” –David Turk

provost, Nyack College (NY)

FOR BOTH NYACK COLLEGE (NY) AND NORTH PARK UNIVERSITY (IL), the cities where the schools reside are interwoven with the identity of each school. “More and more,” said North Park’s Johnson, “I hear about students who, by the end of their four years, love the city and choose to stay here after they graduate. There’s certainly the opportunity for them to take what they’ve learned and advocate, educate and champion those values—even to be able to go back to their communities and talk about them from a Biblical perspective, a kingdom perspective.” A kingdom perspective is never a popular one, but with the circumstantial diversity of American neighborhoods being replaced by the privilege of choice, immersion in communities of diverse eccentricities, personalities and situations is especially rare. Yet Christian colleges and universities are instilling their student bodies with the virtue of diversity in all of its iterations—thought, faith tradition, political ideology, ethnicity—because Jesus’ requirement of his followers is not that they choose their neighbors, but that they love them, no matter who they are. Kendra Langdon Juskus is a graduate of Wheaton College (IL) and is the managing editor of Flourish, a Christian environmental stewardship initiative. She writes from Illinois, where she lives with her husband, Ryan.



CCCU campuses work to build a bridge between campus life and city life. by Mike Plunkett


tudents are in the city, but how are

Particularly for our students, they don’t see the city as

students a part of the city?

our grandfather’s place of missionary enterprise.”

That was the question put forth in the

Since 2002, campuses aren’t just embracing greater chances

cover story of the winter 2002-2003

for academic and applied learning opportunities in urban

CCCU Advance. The article spoke of

cities, but are making a concerted effort to train students

some CCCU campuses creating urban campuses,

to prepare for urban life. The current population migration

satellite centers away from the main campus. Either

speaks to the need. The year 2008 marked the first time in

in the formation of new degree programs or posited

human history where more humans lived in urban areas than

as study abroad experiences, many institutions that were in rural, suburban or even urban settings were making a move into a city environment, with the hopes that students learn civic engagement and cross-cultural ministry.

in rural areas. Research known as “the Big Sort,” popularized by journalist Bill Bishop and others, points to the shifting of people groups amongst mega urban regions, displaying commonalities of economic development, industry niches, even personality traits. While the danger of like-mindeness is

Although some urban centers, such as the San

present and growing, the reality is that humans are moving—

Francisco Urban Program at Westmont College (CA),

literally and figuratively—toward an urban existence.

have been around since the 1970s, the concept of urban engagement at that time was a bit of a novelty, fueled by perspectives of the city as the mission field, the local foreign. While that view still resonates within the Christian commitment to engaging and influencing

“Wherever we are living, we are urban people. The kind of culture and lifestyle, even in a rural context, has been urbanized,” said Timothy Peterson, director of the Philadelphia Campus of Messiah College (PA). “No longer

culture, the overt training for missions is dissipating.

are we agriculturally-based in a rural lifestyle in terms of

“I feel the concept of the city for many evangelicals in

with an urban type of consciousness. The city fits them.”

the past 50 years has meant returning back to the

work and life. As a consequence, students are coming in

home of their grandparents missionary practice,” said

Peterson noted back in the 2002 article that students coming

Craig McMullen, director of the Gordon of Boston

to urban semesters were working toward a career in urban

program, part of Gordon College (MA). “For many of

planning or along the lines of sociology, not exclusively to get

the older faculty members, that’s how they were trained:

a taste of the city. Today, the diversity of students is in line

urban meant missions. New faculty members are now

with the diversity of Philadelphia. Peterson stated that while

trained at multicultural metropolitan universities.

the majority of students who came to the urban semesters



when he began as director over a decade ago came to fulfill course requirements, the majority of students now come to experience life in Philadelphia for their own life enhancement. Like Messiah’s programs, many urban semesters are multi varied in available courses, including with partnerships with neighboring universities.

URBAN PROGRAMS, SUCH AS THE ONES IN SAN FRANCISCO, BOSTON AND PHILADELPHIA, help students understand the city environment and see the urban place as not only a place for missions, but also a place to live. it might be looked upon with some hostility, but it is important for students to observe and deal with. In a

More so, extensive internships are a focal point of the

lot of ways, it’s similar to what the early church in the

urban programs, catering to the wide variety of academic

first Century encountered, being a witness in a city

pursuits students bring to the urban experience. The

who doesn’t want to deal with it,” said McClelland.

classes and internships work in concert with community partnerships and engagement, as well as residential facilities where students live, be it in a communal home or in residencies run by local churches or service agencies.

While the “Christian college bubble” instills the idea of closeness of community to promote spiritual and academic growth, it doesn’t address the continual bridge colleges and universities must be prudent to show

As Scott McClelland, director of Westmont’s San Francisco

students in making the transitions from the classroom to

program, said, “Part of this off-campus experience for

the workforce and from the campus to the city square.

students is doing something that would be a rehearsal

Even more so for Christ-centered institutions, the bridge

for what their future is going to be, what their bachelor’s

is in influencing the city—and the world—for Christ.

degree is going to be worth. Students’ education can

“The mission statement of most Christian colleges and

be taken for a test drive and see how it flies in the

universities suggests that they exist for the benefit and

real world and the good news is that it flies well.”

support of church and society,” Peterson said. “With

In encountering the urban population, students from CCCU campuses are finding a distinct reality of an environment with similarities to what early Christians encountered in the fledgling moments of the Church.

society having become urbanized we are obligated to find new and effective ways of preparing students for engaging in, learning from and contributing to the health and vibrancy of city life. When the city becomes our text and context for learning and service, either through

“Our goal is to get students out of the monochrome

partnerships or through our own efforts, we are better

environment and into a colorful mosaic. In a city like

able to fulfill our institutional mission and to empower our

San Francisco, which is post-modern and post-Christian,

students to be agents of Kingdom-based change.”


With the construction of new science buildings and the strengthening of curricula, CCCU campuses are integrating faith and science in a stronger facet. by Christopher Martin




hen President Obama nominated Francis Collins, M.D., Ph.D.—the physicist highly regarded for his work in leading the Human Genome Project—as the director of the National Institutes of Health in July, many praised the move and

complimented Collins’ expertise as both a world-class scientist and

ABOVE: GORDON COLLEGE (MA), dedicated the Ken Olsen Science Center in August 2008. OPPOSING PAGE: AZUSA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY (CA) unveiled the Segerstrom Science Center last April.

public policy expert. The nomination raised eyebrows in some circles, however, because Collins, who will speak at the CCCU’s International Forum next February, possesses not only unimpeachable scientific credentials, but also a strong and outspoken Christian faith. This perceived incompatibility of faith and science has historical precedents as old as Galileo yet as current as the issues dominating today’s headlines. In the midst of this ongoing debate, many CCCU institutions have committed to demonstrating that science and faith are not incompatible, as they strengthen their science programs and unveil multimillion dollar science and technology centers. In August 2008, Gordon College (MA) celebrated its commitment to scientific study with the dedication of the Ken Olsen Science Center. The center is an 80,000 square foot facility that cost $30 continued on page 32>>




“ Many evangelicals remain wary of scientific study and some scientists feel as though the church does not have a place for them.” —Karl Giberson, Ph.D.

Professor, Eastern Nazarene College (MA)

Karl Giberson, Ph.D., professor at Eastern Nazarene College (MA) and the director of the Forum on Faith & Science at Gordon College, agrees with Blend’s assessment of the science program at Gordon College, but believes that Gordon is an outlier in its acceptance of science when compared to some Christian institutions. “Many evangelicals remain wary of scientific study and some scientists feel as though the church does not have a place for them,” Giberson said. COURTESY OF GORDON COLLEGE

THE SECOND PHASE of the construction for the Olsen Science Center is set to be completed by fall 2010. from page 31>>

million and will upon final completion house the college’s math and science departments, along with two libraries and a 400-seat lecture hall.

It is this quandary that led Collins and others to create the BioLogos Foundation, an association dedicated to promoting the harmonious connections between faith and science. Giberson is executive vice president of BioLogos. Giberson remains optimistic that CCCU institutions can influence the church toward a greater understanding of science. “Universities have always led,” Giberson said. “For a school like Gordon

“Everyone at Gordon should be very proud of this

College to finish a magnificent $30 million facility

facility,” said Chuck Blend, Ph.D., assistant professor

that serves as the signature building on campus

of marine biology and parasitology at Gordon. “Every

shows a tremendous commitment to science.”

detail helps make it conducive for both research and learning and we’re blessed to have it.”

Collins echoed similar sentiments when speaking at the dedication of the Olsen Science Center last

According to Blend, the success of Olsen Science

fall. “Do we have to choose between the worldviews

Center represents the commitment the college has

of science or faith?” Collins asked in his dedication

shown to the study of science. “The administration

speech. “Though some would argue that’s the way

and faculty have shown a great commitment to our

it has to be, my scientific worldview and my spiritual

study of scientific principles,” said Blend. “I don’t get

worldview do not have a wall between them. As I’m

the sense that anyone here is uncomfortable with or

working in the lab or as I’m reading my Bible, there are

intimidated by what I call the scientific enterprise.”

opportunities for discovering God’s truth. To imagine



that those types of truths must be kept separate

Seattle Pacific University (WA), which opened

does not fit with the long traditions of science.”

its Science Center is 2003, has shown that

Much like Gordon College, Azusa Pacific University (CA) recently opened its new science building with

such a facility can have a major impact on the quality of a university’s science program.

the unveiling of the Segerstrom Science Center last

According to Timothy Nelson, Ph.D., professor in the

April. The building houses a 90-seat lecture hall,

department of biology at SPU, the Science Center

discipline-specific classrooms and laboratories,

has particularly helped students and professors with

nuclear magnetic resonance and electron microscope

their research. “The bar for competency has risen

rooms and an animal research facility. In addition, the

across the board at liberal arts colleges,” said Nelson.

Center is the new home of APU’s Center for Research

“Particularly in the natural sciences, being an active

in Science (CRIS), a community of scholars devoted

participant in research is critical for maintaining

to addressing the relationship between science and

competency in the lecture hall. Faculty are now

culture and the dialogue between faith and science.

required and expected to really be active scholars.”

According to Leslie Wickman, Ph.D., director of

Nelson points out that this has brought tangible

CRIS, the Segerstrom Science Center will greatly

benefits to SPU’s science students. “We now have

benefit the science programs at APU. “I am excited

more faculty engaged in research than in the past

that our administration put such a priority on this

and our students are engaged as active partners

project and was able to complete it in such a short

in that research, and are listed as co-authors on

period of time,” Wickman said, who noted that

papers,” Nelson said. “We’re getting top-tier research

housing all of the science departments in one central

grants to fund student involvement, and the result

location has energized the APU science faculty.

is graduates who are particularly well-educated and

“We now have the necessary lab space not only for teaching, but also for research,”

capable. These folks go out into the workforce or graduate schools and impress their supervisors.”  

said Wickman. “This has led to more faculty expecting to conduct research. We can now more effectively couple classroom teaching with hands-on research, which will benefit our students tremendously. There is nothing like hands-on experience to prepare and educate students.” Wickman believes the Segerstrom Science Center is indicative of not just the vision at APU to strengthen the school’s science programs, but also of a greater acceptance of scientific theory and study throughout the evangelical church. “The Bible encourages us to test everything and hold onto the good,” Wickman said. “If you love and believe in God, you have nothing to fear by studying his creation. I think we’re seeing a greater realization of this throughout the Christian community.” Just as Gordon and APU expect to reap dividends from their investment in new science centers,

“ The bar for competency has risen across the board at liberal arts colleges… Particularly in the natural sciences, being an active participant in research is critical for maintaining competency in the lecture hall. Faculty are now required and expected to really be active scholars.” Timothy Nelson, Ph.D.

Biology Professor, Seattle Pacific University (WA)


FAITH & SCIENCE One example is James Rosser, a 2008 SPU graduate

institutions come at a time when the need for Christians

who produced groundbreaking research analyzing the

to excel in the sciences is especially necessary. “There

genome of Azotobacter vinelandii strain DJ, a nitrogen-

are people who do excellent work in the sciences at many

fixing bacterium. Rosser, who is pursuing doctoral studies

of these institutions,” Giberson said. “But the overall

in microbiology at the School of Molecular Biosciences

perception of Christians in the sciences is rather dreadful

at Washington State University, presented his research to

and we need to constantly work to change that.”

Capitol Hill lawmakers earlier this year and is just one of the many examples cited by SPU faculty and administration of the positive results from their investment in the sciences.

Giberson hopes the strides made at Gordon, APU, SPU and many other CCCU campuses will result in more Christians working and making an impact as professional scientists.

“Just at the time when we desperately need more scientists

“There is no doubt that there are Christian schools where a

to remain competitive in the world, we have invested hugely

student can get a top-notch science education,” Giberson

in our science facilities, and our science programs are flat-out

said. “The days of thinking ‘I have to go to MIT or a school

exploding,” said Philip W. Eaton, Ph.D., president of SPU.

like that in order to study science’ have passed.”

“Through an intensive program of hands-on research, we are among the leaders in the nation for undergraduate science.” According to Giberson, the efforts to strengthen their science programs made by these schools and other CCCU


Christopher Martin is a graduate of Azusa Pacific University (CA). He is senior director at a television agency, managing areas of production and international distribution. He, his wife April and their two twins live in Washington, D.C.

The Composite Financial Index is a key metric Council institutions use to assess financial health. Questions on how and why to use the CFI help sharpen its usefulness. by Kami L. Rice


early a decade ago, Messiah College’s (PA) board of trustees was first introduced to the Composite Financial Index (CFI) by the college’s auditor, KPMG. Dr. Lois Voigt, current vice president for finance at Messiah, wasn’t working for the college then but has been told the board’s initial response was fairly cool, whether

because it didn’t fully understand the index or because it didn’t have good options for comparing Messiah’s CFI score with other institutions’ scores. But that has changed. After her arrival at the college in 2002, Voigt selected the CFI from a range of financial health tools, concluding that, though all approaches for measuring financial health have flaws, the composite index number generated by the CFI offers one of the easiest means for illustrating health indicators to college stakeholders who don’t have financial backgrounds. continued on page 36>>



from page 35>>

Soon after she began using this tool, the

Strategic Financial Analysis for Higher Education, their book describing

CCCU began calculating the indexes for their

the evolving use of ratio analysis in higher education, is currently in its

memberships. Voigt said this “significantly

sixth edition. The CFI is built from the values of four component ratios:

enhanced the usefulness of the tool for

the Primary Reserve Ratio, which measures an institution’s level of

conversations with non-finance-minded

financial flexibility; the Net Income Ratio, which measures its operating

employees and board members, especially

performance; the Return on Net Assets Ratio, which measures overall

because it incorporated time-series data.”

asset return and performance; and the Viability Ratio, which measures

Even with the explosive growth of enrollment

an institution’s ability to cover debt with available resources.

of CCCU institutions in the past two

The CCCU’s endorsement of the CFI began during then-president Dr. Bob

decades, campuses often have struggled

Andringa’s tenure. He was concerned about member institutions’ debt

with having a fairly objective standard to

loads, high discount rates and low endowments, among other factors.

measure financial health. While many standards have and are being used, the advent of the CFI has become one of the leading indicators of financial wholeness. “The old slogan ‘Everything that is watched,

“Literally, I did not believe in my gut that some would make it financially over the next decade or two,” he acknowledged. Member campuses have always been very interested in data that show where they stand with respect to other campuses, from

improves,’ is attributed to John D. Rockefeller, who claimed that principle was crucial to his business success. I believe that our institutions are improving their financial management as a result of this ratio analysis and financial index report,” said Paul R. Corts, president of the CCCU. “The CCCU is providing a very valuable service to our institutions by providing this financial analysis and giving it a score that is benchmarked. An analysis of some of the particular ratios also enables a president, board member or others to identify potential areas of an institution’s finances that deserve special focus and attention.” KPMG, along with Prager, Sealy & Co. and BearingPoint, developed the Composite Financial Index as a tool for providing an overall picture of an institution’s financial health.


“ I believe that our institutions are improving their financial management as a result of this ratio analysis and financial index report.” Paul R. Corts, CCCU president


faculty and presidential salaries to admissions data and so on, Andringa said. However, no one had any idea which campuses were more or less financially solid based on objective data. His extensive experience with governing boards added a sense that “few trustees understood their own campus finances…I felt they needed a ‘heads-up’ or even a wake-up call.” Finding a good tool for measuring comparative financial health was important for giving these trustees “a measure of ‘reality’ compared to many other campuses, so they would take more seriously their fiduciary responsibilities and increase their ownership of the financial options available to them.” Andringa’s search led him to the CFI and to Mike Williams at The Austen Group, which conducts institutional research for private colleges and universities and thus, began planning regarding how to provide CFI data for all CCCU member schools. The first Financial Analysis Report was published in 2006 and covered the 2000-2005 fiscal years. This initial report was a joint pilot project of the CCCU and Council of Independent Colleges (CIC). Since then, the CCCU has updated the report each year. The CFI helped inform the types of giving goals and operating surplus targets included in Messiah’s last strategic plan. It’s also been adopted as a strategic plan financial indicator that is shared annually with trustees and employee governance groups. Voigt notes that too

The Index is based upon four ratios: • Primary Reserve - A measure of the level of financial flexibility • Net Income - A measure of the operating performance • Return on Net Assets - A measure of overall asset return and performance • Viability - A measure of the organization’s ability to cover debt with available resources The four ratios are calculated, and each ratio is then translated into a “strength factor,” weighted and then aggregated to create the composite score. Below are explanations for the composite score.



9 to 10

Deploy resources to achieve robust mission

7 to 8

Allow experimentation with new initiatives

5 to 6

Focus resources to compete in future state

3 to 4

Direct resources to allow transformation

of -1 to 10, is the threshold for financial health and stability, while

1 to 2

Re-engineer the institution

an average score of 7 or 8 achieved over a three- to five-year period

-1 to 0

Assess viability to survive

often, higher education institutions focus almost exclusively on their operating plan activity because it’s the area most budget managers have the most experience with and control over. However, non-operating activities have huge impacts on institutional financial health. Using the CFI, Voigt has illustrated for decision-makers what it would take in terms of operating and non-operating gifts, investment returns, debt management and so on for Messiah to regularly attain a CFI of 7. The CFI’s developers have determined that a CFI of 3, on the CFI scale

indicates that an institution’s resources are flexible enough to permit experimentation with new initiatives. Average scores below 0 indicate drastic measures may be necessary to secure institutional survival. continued on page 38>>


MEASURING UP from page 37>>

they were before they hit a crisis.” A crisis

“One of the beauties of the ratio process is that it’s got this notion

always comes, since business cycles always

of different strategic activity at different levels of the scale…

go up and down, he notes, and tools like

It triggers the right questions,” noted Nick Wallace, national

the CFI help schools prepare for the crisis.

director of higher education services at CapinCrouse.

“Schools have to be healthy enough to

The data necessary for computing institutional CFIs for the CCCU’s Financial Analysis Report have so far been drawn from public data

withstand that downturn, so they don’t close their doors at the bottom of that cycle.”

acquired via the U.S. Department of Education’s Integrated Postsecondary

Concern for institutional financial health is

Education Data System (IPEDS) and GuideStar, which makes available

necessary because of its direct relationship

the Form 990 required by the IRS for all not-for-profit colleges and

with institutions’ ability to carry out their

universities. However, Wallace noted that this has generated one of

mission. “Financial health undergirds our

the downsides of the CFI. For institutions with multiple entities—radio

ability to provide stable and predictable

stations, seminaries and foundations, for example—necessary data aren’t

financing for our activities over the long haul

included in the publicly reported data set. To adjust for this, the next

and our ability to take advantage of mission

CFIs will draw data from each institution’s audited financial statements.

opportunities as they arise,” Koontz said.

It’s in areas related to this challenge of collecting and comparing

Williams, president of The Austen Group,

data when different entities are involved that Dave Koontz, senior

suggests that measures of financial health

director of financial management and reporting at Biola University

matter most for moving institutions from

(CA), expresses reservations about depending too heavily on the CFI.

adequacy to excellence. Financially weak

“Differences in organizations and how they view their operations make

institutions don’t need a report to tell them

it difficult to compare one organization to another,” he explained.

they’re weak, but helping schools move from

“Rapidly changing accounting standards make it difficult to compare

stable foundations to strong foundations

one year to another.” He indicates there’s also still much room for

provides for excellent programs.

more thought to be given to how ratios are understood and used.

“While Christian colleges try not to make

While Biola doesn’t use the CFI in a formal way, the financial staff does still

finances the main focus, it is impossible to

review the annual reports, since they add to their general understanding

offer a credible academic program at the price

of how Biola’s financial numbers compare with some of their peers. And

most charge when the underlying financial

Koontz added, “In my experience, financial managers assimilate data and

parameters are weak,” added Andringa. In

evaluate best practices from a variety of sources. CFI and its components

the current economic climate, “it is imperative

are valuable arrows in the quiver.” Voigt also acknowledged that using

that presidents, CFOs and their boards have

the ratios requires discernment. “If you focus on only one year’s score,

more facts on overall financial stability…

[rather than] a longer-term average or trend, and if your finance/accounting

The CFI is one such tool. It, alone, will not

professionals don’t understand the underlying dynamics of the scores,

provide all the answers. But hopefully, it will

then a ‘once in time’ number can be useless or even dangerous.”

stimulate the most important questions each

In challenging economic seasons like the current one, short-term indicators like a single year’s CFI are skewed. However, Voigt explained, the CFI is still helpful as long as there’s access to a good source of time series

campus should be asking itself, leading to better consensus around what the wisest decisions are for today and the future.”

comparative data that helps institutions know if they are managing at least as well as other institutions. It’s also necessary to understand the underlying dynamics of the calculations. In these times, it’s especially helpful to look more closely at the component ratios of the index, particularly the ratios that are most heavily weighted in determining the CFI. Wallace thinks the timing of the CCCU’s roll-out of the CFI was providential, coming as it did shortly before the economy fell apart. “The opportunity was there [for institutions] to know where they were and how healthy


Kami Rice (, a 1997 graduate of Asbury College (KY) and an alumna of the American Studies Program, is based in Nashville and loves working as a freelance writer.



by Jenny Collins


In the early days of his evangelistic ministry, Billy Graham accepted an unlikely position as president of a college. Unlikely, that is, to all except Dr. William Bell Riley, the man determined to make Graham his successor. TOP: AS THE NEWLY-NAMED PRESIDENT AT AGE 29, Billy Graham would lead Northwestern College (MN) from 1948-1952. His tenure included the start of KTIS, the campus radio station and the founding of Northwestern media.

continued on page 40>>



from page 39>>

“As we look around campus, we see buildings named

As one of the 20th century’s leading architects of fundamentalism, Riley was a well-known evangelist and theologian. As pastor of Minneapolis’ First Baptist Church and founder of the Northwestern Bible and Missionary Training School [now Northwestern College (MN),] Riley believed Graham

for several past presidents of Northwestern,” said Alan S. Cureton, Ph.D., president of Northwestern College. “It is only fitting we name the Community Life Commons for Billy Graham, our second president and a man who embodies the spirit of evangelism and biblical leadership we hope

was God’s clear choice as the man to whom he

to instill in every student at Northwestern.”

would pass the torch of leading Northwestern.

At the start of his tenure of his presidency,

“When I was an evangelist for Youth for Christ, [I was]

Northwestern students immediately took to their

invited to come to Minneapolis,” recalled Billy Graham,

new leader’s magnetism and his passion for souls.

“and it was during that time that Dr. Riley became

Everyone, including Graham himself, knew he didn’t

interested in me. He almost became obsessed with the

fit the mold of a traditional college president. He was

idea that I should be his successor at Northwestern.

youthful, casual (addressing the faculty in memos with

While I was honored, I knew I was not qualified….”

“Dear Gang”) and inexperienced in administration. But Graham’s name brought prominence to Northwestern,

But Riley was persistent, seeing qualifications in the young southern evangelist he didn’t yet see in himself. Graham eventually agreed, assuring Riley he would accept the leadership for Northwestern. Following Riley’s death in December 1947, Northwestern’s board

Northwestern students immediately took to their new leader’s magnetism and his passion for souls.

of directors honored

drawing students to the school because of his association. And he himself was thrilled about the opportunity to ignite among students a fire for sharing the Gospel. While the idea to launch a Northwestern radio station had begun several years before Graham’s arrival, it was

their founder’s wishes and at 29 years old, Graham

during his presidency that the vision took to the air,

became the youngest college president in history.

literally. At a Northwestern chapel service in early

Sixty years later, Northwestern celebrates the great

1948, in his second month on the job, Graham

heritage of its second president and the legacy he

issued a challenge to the student body to give a

installed in KTIS. With the announcement of the

dollar a week to start a Northwestern radio station.

new commons building to be named in his honor,

“The challenge really worked,” said Kyle

Rev. Graham’s influence will forever be keenly felt on campus. The 70,000-square-foot facility will serve as a centerpiece of the college, providing students, faculty, staff, alumni and guests a vibrant community gathering space. The building was

Wilson, class of 1951, “and the students gave over a thousand dollars a week. Students and staff [who raised $44,000] put Northwestern on the air through that weekly offering.”

planned in November 2007 as part of Northwestern’s

On Monday afternoon, Feb. 7, 1949, one year

Capital Campaign for Student Spiritual Life. The

after the challenge was issued, KTIS signed

college raised a total of $23 million and was awarded

on the air. President Billy Graham was the first

a $750,000 grant from the Kresge Foundation.

to speak, dedicating the station in prayer:



“This station stands as a monument to answered

we don’t look back. We look forward to generations

prayer and the sacrificial giving of the greatest gang

of students that are yet to come, should Christ tarry.

of students, faculty and staff in all the world.”

And I want to recommit my support to you and to

While the sphere of Northwestern’s ministry expanded with KTIS, Graham’s own evangelistic

Northwestern today. I count it a privilege to be a part of your history and I want to be a part of your future.”

ministry was also on a fast track, reaching a

Although Graham’s tenure was brief, his influence

pivotal moment at the Los Angeles crusade later

upon the college ripples to today’s students

that year that would transform the future for both

and every listener who tunes in to KTIS. Today,

Graham himself and Northwestern. After four years

the Northwestern College family agrees—it

as president, Graham resigned his position in

is both a privilege and an honor to know Billy

1952, in order to pursue evangelism full time.

Graham as a man who partnered with God to

Twenty-five years after his departure, Graham returned for the college’s 75th anniversary in the fall of 1977. During his keynote address, Graham reflected on his time at Northwestern:

help shape the legacy of faith for individuals, families, cities, nations and even a college. This article is compiled from excerpts from the spring 2009 issue of the Pilot, the magazine of Northwestern College (MN). The full story is available online at

“Seventy-five years to look back to—glorious, thrilling, hard, challenging, sometimes desperate years. To God be the glory for what has happened. But today

Jenny Collins is a communications specialist and an editor for the Pilot in the Office of Marketing & Communications at her alma mater, Northwestern College (MN).


by Kim Phipps, Ph.D. President of Messiah College (PA)

The Need for Authentic Conversation


his past spring during a gathering in our

at the hottest time of the day, to avoid the other women

home, I listened to students discuss a

who looked down on her because, as Jesus reminded

variety of topics from health care to the

her, she had five husbands and the man she was living

war in Afghanistan to the virtues of the

with was not her husband. But after she encountered

iPhone. As the evening progressed, I was

Jesus, her identity changed from town sinner to a herald

struck by their references to and quotations of iconic

of the good news. She led the people of the village out to

and irreverent comedian newscasters Jon Stewart and

meet this man “who told her everything she ever did!”

Stephen Colbert as evidence for their arguments.

It is also important, and even a bit ironic, to note

A recent article in Relevant magazine illuminates a larger

that the disciples didn’t get it—they were surprised

truth demonstrated by these students: irony has become a

by Jesus’ actions. They critiqued Jesus’ actions and

veritable American industry because it is a way of helping

questioned his willingness to have a conversation.

this generation of young adults work through the world’s absurdity and our inability to conduct authentic and civil conversation. The conventional idealism that things will

As Jesus exemplified, true education must include authentic conversation framed by humble listening and

get better is difficult for this generation to believe.

truth speaking. A primary reason Christian college students

“I think so many of us Christians have become cynical and

believe that the Church yielded her right to speak truth

ironic because it’s something safe to hide behind,” said

to power when she knowingly collapsed the dividing lines

Matthew Paul Turner (Relevant magazine May/June 2009). While a measure of irony can provide levity and a healthy dose of realism, a Christ-centered education should empower students to shift their focus beyond the ironic to meaningful conversations with each other and with folks beyond our campus borders. We need to counter paralyzing cynicism by demonstrating an ability to listen, learn and proactively respond. We need to create meaningful educational experiences that require students to act on their commitments and their learning based on gracious listening.

have become cynical and lost about the Church is that they

between perceived religious truth and political truth. Challenging our students to engage in authentic, hospitable conversation is not simply a way of promoting civil dialogue and countering the irony and cynicism of our age. Fostering authentic connections goes to the very heart of our educational mission and, indeed, our calling as Christians. Because of Christ’s interaction with the Samaritan woman “many more became believers.” Humble listening and bold truth-telling can lead to dramatic transformations. The new believers told the Samaritan

One of my favorite New Testament accounts is the

woman, “We no longer believe just because of what you

encounter of Jesus and the Samaritan woman, a story

said; now we have heard for ourselves, and we know

in which Jesus models authentic conversation. Rather

that this man really is the Savior of the world.” May our

than caustically accusing the woman at the well,

students’ education challenge them to live their lives in such

Jesus invited her into a remarkably honest, hospitable

a way that they too are transformed, and, in the process,

conversation and spoke truths that transformed her life.

inspire others to experience Christ for themselves.

In this account there was not only a change in the woman’s understanding of who Jesus is, there was a change in the woman herself. She probably frequented the well

Dr. Kim Phipps is the president of Messiah College (PA). She also is vice chair of the CCCU Board of Directors.



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CCCU Advance Fall 2009  

The CCCU Advance is the magazine of the Council for Christian Colleges & Universities. Published in the spring and fall of each year, the CC...

CCCU Advance Fall 2009  

The CCCU Advance is the magazine of the Council for Christian Colleges & Universities. Published in the spring and fall of each year, the CC...

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