Page 1

Official Publication New York Angus Association

Special Northeast Spring Sale Issue

Angus Angles

APR/MAY 2015

INSIDE THIS ISSUE NY Angus Female Sale - May 9

MAY 9, 2015 t 11AM

/&81&//'"3.t536950/ /: WWW.NY-ANGUS.COM


7 Habits of Highly Successful Feedstock Producers ––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

NEW Foot Scoring Guidelines


Beef Exports


Farm Spotlights New Penn and C&C


Mother’s Day Facebook

Come Join Us! NY- Angus Seedstock Capitol of the World

New York Angus Association President Doug Giles 538 Rte. 343, Millbrook, NY 12545 845-677-6221 Vice-President Nicole Tommell 1942 Hickory Hill Rd, Fonda, NY 12068 518-369-5149 Secretary/Treasurer Robert Groom 8974 Lyons Marengo Rd, Lyons, NY 14489

315-573-2569 Past President Mike Shanahan

P.O. Box 338, Ghent, NY 12075

518-598-8869 Directors Rob Bannister (2018) Jerry Emerich (2016) Craig Simmons (2018) Brett Chedzoy (2017) Derrick DeBoer (2018) Allan Lawyer (2017) Roger McCracken (2016) Fred Tracy (2017) Pete Murphy (2016) Angus Angles is published five times per

year by the NY Angus Association, in an 8.5 x 11 magazine format. It is edited and produced by Mike Shanahan,with Associate Editor Nicole DeBoer. Cattle advertisements will be limited to the majority promotion of Angus genetics.

Subscription Rate NYAA Members Free Non-Members $15.00 annually Regular Issue Advertising Rates Full Page $150.00 1/2 Page $100.00 $25.00 x 5 Issues Business Card Special Issue Advertising Rates Full Page $175.00 1/2 Page $125.00 * ask about discounted contract rates, & repeat customer benefits To Place advertising and for news and editorial content contact: Mike Shanahan - 518-598-8869

Upcoming Angus Events NYAA 2015 Dues Due Now Trowbridge Annual Bull Sale at Finger Lakes Livestock May 2, 2015 • Canandaigua, NY NY Angus Female Sale, hosted by New Penn Farm May 9, 2015 • Truxton, NY Fitting, Showing & Judging Clinic at New Penn Farm May 30-31, 2015 • Truxton, NY NYJBPA Preview Show June 6-7, 2015 • Lockport, NY Empire Farm Days August 11-13, 2015 • Seneca Falls, NY *** If you have an event you would like to see listed here, please contact*** Newsletter Deadlines & Publish Dates Deadline 5/15/15, Published 6/1/15 - Regular Issue Deadline 7/10/15, Published 8/1/15 - SPECIAL ISSUE Deadline 10/15/15, Published 11/15 - Regular Issue Deadline 1/15/16, Published 2/1/16 - Regular Issue Deadline 3/20/16, Published 4/1/16 - SPECIAL ISSUE


Annual dues are $25.00 Name ____________________________________________________ Manager/Herdsman ________________________________________ Farm Name ________________________________________________ Address __________________________ City ____________________ State _________ Zip____________ County ______________________ Phone _______________________ Mobile ______________________ Fax __________________ E-Mail _____________________________ Website ________________________________________________ Location _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ Year Herd Established _______________ Herd Description __________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ Checks payable to: New York Angus Association 8974 Lyons Marengo Rd. Lyons, NY 14489 Don’t be left out, JOIN TODAY! *** Membership Benefits:benefits: JustSome a few of our membership • Opportunity to consign in our Annual NY Angus Sale Auction • Free subscription to NY Angus Angles newsletter, our association • eligibility for association funded sponsorships publication • •receive free association informational e-blasts at the Annual NYS Eligibility for Association sponsored premiums • opportunity to sell in annual NY Angus Female Sale Fair Opportunities to to assume leadership roles in the Association, as • •free subscription the NY Angus Angles Newsletter well as attend the American Angus Association Annual Meeting in • eligible for association sponsored premiums at the NYS Fair Louisville, KY as a Delegate

• discounted rate to annual state Angus business & educational meeting • opportunities to assume leadership roles, including attending the national convention, Beef Leader Institute, and others • get marketing coverage with your listing in the bi-annual membership directory and bi-annual membership map

Note From the Editor Mike Shanahan, 518-598-8869

Annual Meeting Recap, Thank you to everyone who joined us at our New York Angus Association Annual Meeting on March 21st. The day was enjoyable and our speakers really brought us up to speed on what is happening in our industry. The Juniors had a great discussion on social media and beef advocacy by Jean O’Toole from the New York Beef Council, while the adults listened to Bryce Schumann, CEO American Angus Association, and Dr. Tom Van Dyke, Merial Animal Health. Mr. Schumann spoke to us about the future of our organization and how genomics have played a big part in bringing more proof to our EPDs. A foot score EPD is being developed and there is opportunity for us to get involved (see foot scoring guidelines in this issue). Demand for Angus has been at an all time high throughout the country and the world. These factors are showing us how important our jobs are in breeding cattle, helping our commercial sector become more efficient. Angus cattle have a great reputation for bringing the best product to the table consistently. American Angus Association has been passionate about undertaking the role of communicating to the world about all who are responsible for making this happen. Bryce spoke to us about Angus TV, Angus Radio and other communications that we are using to educate our public. The many new advancements spoken of made Bryce’s presentation very exciting. Dr. Tom Van Dyke was nice enough to travel in to speak with us about parasite control management. Merial has developed and continues to make strides in the technology of worming with LongRange. This injectable wormer has been approved for grass time use and helps stay in the system for up to 150 days. It uses the newest of technology following extensive research to keep your cattle healthier, longer. “It's all the body condition, reproduction and weaning weight benefits of a strategic deworming program in a single spring treatment.” This was a great update on the LongRange product as we come closer to grazing season. Thanks for reading,


Mike Shanahan Editor, Angus Angles Newsletter P.S. See you May 9th for the New York Angus Female Sale, near Cortland, at New Penn Farm.

Welcome our new Board of Directors and Officers: Standing L to R: Mike Shanahan, Past President, Jerry Emerich, Brett Chedzoy, Fred Tracy, Derrick DeBoer, Roger McCracken, Craig Simmons, Allan Lawyer, Pete Murphy Sitting L to R: Nicole Tommell, Vice President, Doug Giles, President, Robert Groom, Secretary/ Treasurer Not pictured- Rob Bannister

American Angus Association®


The American Angus Association accepts foot scores from its members through a simple system aimed at the development of future decision-making genetic tools. Breeders can score feet using two categories, foot angle and claw set, and by following the guidelines below.

Foot Angle (5 is ideal)













Claw Set (5 is ideal)







Guidelines 1 Animals must be scored prior to hoof trimming. 2 When there is variation among an animal’s feet, score the worst foot. 3 Score yearling bulls and heifers • bulls must be between 320 and 440 days • heifers must be between 320 and 460 days

females can be scored following guidelines used when collecting mature weights. 4 Older (Note: Foot structure changes as animals age. Scores will be adjusted for age as part of the analysis. Scores should describe the animal as they are at the time of scoring, without consideration of age).

5 Large groups of 18-month or 2-year-old bulls can also be submitted, if available.

Access AAA Login at for more foot scoring instructions and to submit scores.

New Penn Farm

Carl Hinkle was raised in Truxton,

would help to preserve his land,

sociation and the American Angus

New York. His agricultural back-

which led to Carl's pursuit of the cat-

Association, while showing him the

ground consisted of what his family

tle industry.

ropes of the business. Carl gives

raised for themselves - a few chick-

Jim Wait of Auburn, New York, and

much credit to the superb marketing

ens, pigs, and one cow. Using

Pete Comerford of New York Ag &

of the ‘Angus’ name, which added to

those resources, they had milk,

Markets, were Carl’s

eggs, meat, and even made their

largest influences to

own butter. His grandfather’s farm

get into the Angus

was nearby, which is next to Carl’s

business. In 1987, the

current farm and homestead. Grow-

first Angus cattle came

ing up, he was involved in 4-H,

to New Penn Farm.

which helped spark his enthusiasm.

Some of the first pur-

Years later, Carl found 100 acres in

chases were made at

Truxton under foreclosure. He pur-

the Rosebank Sale in

chased it from auction and saved it

eastern New York

from being a salvage yard. While

State. Arnold Fisher of

hunting the land with friends for

Culvert Brook Farm in

pheasants, which Carl raised on the

Hamilton helped Carl become a

his passion and continues to today.

property, someone told him cattle

member of the New York Angus As-

One of his most proud accomplishments was in 2005, when Carl sold the top-selling bull at the New York Bull Test for $6500 - a son of E161, bred & raised at New Penn. Carl decided to disperse his Angus cattle herd on September 29, 2007 due to personal health reasons and sold part of his farm shortly after. Fortunately, Carl’s health improved

and he returned to his passion for

able to learn and show cattle. Their

host the 80th Anniversary of the

Angus cattle and purchased a near-

junior program has been a major part

New York Angus Female Sale on

by farm that he had used in the past,

of New Penn since its conception

May 9th at their farm. Held jointly

and where he resides to this day.

and helps kids find and grow their

will be the New York Hereford Sale,

New Penn Farm now consists of a

passion for agriculture in an educa-

bringing many breeders together for

great team. Jeanetta Laudermilk

tional platform. New Penn Farm is

a strong marketing venue. Also

showed Carl’s cattle as a youngster

435 acres, and they grow their own

coming up is a fitting and judging

and has come back to continue their

hay and baleage while purchasing

clinic at the farm on May 30-31st,

grain. Primarily marketing their cattle

open to all juniors and producers.

via private treaty with repeat custom-

The future for New Penn Farm is

ers, they have had much success

very bright, their breeding program

over the years.

is launching to high levels, and in-

This year, New Penn was selected to

volvement from local youth contin-

have a heifer on display at the NYS

ues to remain strong. More infor-

Farm Show, representing the Angus

mation is available at

breed for agriculturalists and the gen-

eral public to view. Jeanetta was also awarded the ‘Educator of the Year’ title progressive junior program. Carl

from the New

can’t say enough about how happy

York Beef Pro-

he has been that Jeanetta came to

ducer’s Associ-

the farm and is helping him run all of

ation. 2015

their current operations.

continues to be

Their endeavors now concentrate on

a big year, as

helping the local kids and 4-H’ers be

New Penn will

Joint Production Sale Date

September 26, 2015 (Always 4th Saturday in September)

New Location!


Tullyfergus Angus 8974 Lyons Marengo Rd. Lyons, NY 14489

1:00 PM

Sale Participants Tullyfergus Angus, Lyons • 315-573-2569 Fleur de Lis Farms, Seneca Falls • 315-549-8407 McCracken Vu Angus, Piffard • 585-746-3002 Kelley's Stock Farm, Camden • 315-225-0827 Walbridge Farms, Millbrook • 845-235-3789 Gibson Family Farms, Valley Falls • 518-369-5895

Registered Angus top quality heifer calves & bred heifers from the heart of our herds, productive brood cows, Commercial Angus based feeder steers and replacement quality heifer calves.

For more Information: Robert Groom 315-573-2569

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TROWBRIDGE Erica Dianna 3302 Due 5/15/14 to Trowbridge Zyler 277 This female by AAR Ten X 7008 SA, was produced from a dam by Wulffs EXT 6106. She is a maternal sister to the dam of Boyd Signature 1014. CED +1 BW +2.7 WW +63 YW +117 Milk +21 Marb +.86 RE +.82 $W +47.42 $F +69.89 $G +45.54 $B 134.09

TROWBRIDGE Bonnie 1203 ET This female is a maternal sister to Felton’s Legend 242 by SHF Rib Eye M326 R117. Selling choice of embryos from 1203, sired by KCF Bennett Influence Z80 or KCF Bennett Revolution X51.

MAY 9, 2015 t 11AM

/&81&//'"3.t536950/ /: PHIL & ANNIE TROWBRIDGE 518.369.6584 PJ & MIRANDA TROWBRIDGE 518.755.7467 MIKE SHANAHAN 518.598.8869


By: Sara Fessner On March 21st, 2015 the New York Junior Angus members held a meeting at Justin’s Tuscan Grill in East Syracuse, NY. The meeting corresponded with the adult meeting for the New York Angus Association. During the meeting Jean O’Toole talked to the Juniors about social media and how to use social media to advertise and promote the Beef Industry. This was a very educational conversation that engaged the Juniors in social media. The Juniors would like to send a big "thank you" out to Jean O’Toole for her time. Next, the Juniors reviewed old and new business. Old business included a discussion about the trip to Indianapolis, Indiana for the Junior National Show and the competitions that the Juniors participated in. New

business included the Junior National Show for 2015 which will be held in Tulsa, OK. For the 2015 year the NY Junior members will try to go to Tulsa, OK to compete in many competitions but will not be bringing any cattle. New business also included Eastern Regionals that will be held in West Virginia. Many Juniors will be attending the Regional show in June. Besides the 2015 show season, the Juniors talked about fundraising. The NY Junior members will be selling tickets for a chance to win a Showbox or a $500 cash prize and second place prize for a Mister Fan and a $200 cash prize. Third, fourth, and fifth drawn tickets will also receive a cash prize. The Juniors have a goal to sell 520 tickets. Each ticket will be

Who ever said farming was easy never grew up on a farm...

sold at $5. The drawing will be held at the Coby Classic. To everyone who helps buy and sell tickets, your support is greatly appreciated.

Est. 2013 Chad Hazekamp and his fiancé Cindy Bell established C&C Farms located in Jordanville, New York in 2013. Chad, originally from Goshen, New York where his family operates a dairy farm, wanted to move to Western New York to expand and operate a larger dairy operation. Cindy, originally from Elmer, New Jersey moved to Western NY in 2007, and has a family history in dairy farming along with showing Registered Ayrshires. Chad and Cindy are excited to be planning their April 2015 wedding. C&C Farms is currently running 320 acres with a total of 200 dairy cows and 10 registered Angus cows. Since being involved with the Angus industry starting back in 2013, Chad and Cindy have the goal of replacing their dairy herd with a Registered Angus herd and selling service bulls as well as showing heifers for the Juniors and 4-H youth. Chad and Cindy first got interested in the Angus industry due to circumstances such as, trouble breeding a dairy cow. They would breed her A.I. to an Angus bull. When it came time to sell the cross bred calves, they were always very impressed with the outcome. Family history also played a role in their pursuing an Angus herd since Chad’s grandparents had a commercial Angus herd in Sundance, Wyoming. Chad & Cindy’s first purchase of 2 registered Angus bred females was at the Trowbridge Angus Sale in 2013, shortly after C&C Farms was established. They were very pleased with the performance of the cows and the calves that were born so they returned to the 2014 Trowbridge Angus Sale and purchased Trowbridge Dianna 3306. Dianna gave birth to a heifer calf in January 2015. Who Chad and Cindy say is the future of their farm. Chad and Cindy have worked closely with longtime breeders, such as Phil Trowbridge, in starting their Angus herd and have found this advice to be very valuable. Chad and Cindy have shown their animals at the New York State Fair, The Big E and at the Keystone International Livestock Exposition. They have met many kind and helpful people through their experiences on the show road. Their goal this coming show season is to expand to some county fairs as well. Watch for more info in New York Angus membership materials on C&C Farms as they continue to grow with superior quality.

IT’S BREEDING SEASON Who will you use?

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# Connealy Lead On [AMF-CAF-XF] Altune of Conanga 6104 # Sitz Value 7097 [AMF-CAF-XF] Sitz Henrietta Pride 1370

# Mytty In Focus [AMF-CAF-XF] Frosty In Focus 2278 Frosty Marriott 718

# S A F Focus of E R [AMF-CAF-XF] Mytty Countess 906 # Marriott of WR Bar 8055 # Frosty Cornhusker 851

HD is phenotypically flawless and very sound structured. He combines calving ease, growth, and phenotype and has an excellent disposition which he transmits on to his progeny. HD covers all the bases that cattlemen desire in an A.I. sire to produce functional, problem-free cattle with eye appeal.

CED +18

BW -2.1

WW +47

YW +90

Doc +22

MILK +27

MARB +.77

RE +.27

$W +38.75

$F +37.08

$G +35.08

$B +108.62

487 Whaupaunaucau Rd Norwich, NY 13815

Sarkaria Family 607-336-1681 •

The Seven Habits of Highly Successful Seedstock Producers Reprinted from The Seedstock Digest, Troy Marshall

Successful breeders operate from the basic understanding that the future does not lie in the breed or breeds of cattle that they produce, but that rather the future lies in the cattlemen and cattlewomen who make the breed better and commit to positioning it for the future. They believe that change is not only something they must come to accept but that they must embrace and welcome change. While the following habits aren’t meant to be all inclusive in anyway they are seven habits that the majority of successful producers seem to hold in common.

of their customers. They utilize all of the tools available to them from selection indexes to EPDS, to AI to ET, and are some of the first to embrace new technologies once they have proven to be economically relevant. While they are students of animal breeding their gift is taking genetics from the theoretical level to the applied. And perhaps just as importantly, they understand that while the value of genetics is going to increase dramatically in the future – the role genetics play in determining their success is declining just as rapidly. They understand they must provide far more than just superior Habit #1: They focus on Genetics. genetics, and that genetics are Obviously, the quality of genetics is merely the foundation for a sucessential to ensure long term viabil- cessful seedstock operation. ity of an operation. The difference Habit #2: They focus on Marin focus of successful seedstock proketing. ducers is that they focus relentlessly on the traits that affect the success They understand that the goal of

marketing is to create brand equity. And that brand equity is created by differentiating one’s program and by creating a promise that they fulfill every time. They begin by determining what position they want to own in the mind of their customer. They focus on communicating their distinguishing message, all the while, striving to earn that position. They value creating reality and that perception is reality. They can answer without hesitation what it is that their program and ranch stands for and why it was created. They have a cause that is far bigger than merely making money and something that inspires both them and their customers. They have identified what they can do better than anybody else in the world. They have made sure that their values align with those of their customers, and have identified their core values and enduring purpose. Every action

they take sends the message that they are not in business just for themselves. In developing their branding strategy they have answered the following questions: Do I have a cause or a ranch (breed)? What are my Strengths? What should I work on, most diligently? What should my customers expect from me and in what time frame? What information do I need to succeed? What information do I owe my customers in order for them to succeed? And lastly successful seedstock producers understand that marketing is largely common sense, it is not so much about knowing the concepts as it is about implementing them. Habit #3: They compete Everyday. They have internalized and exhibit in all their actions the basic understanding that if they don’t take of their customers that somebody else will. Everyday is characterized by an effort and striving to be better. Very few businesses are as competitive as the cattle business. In large part the fierceness of competition stems from the fact that everyone is involved in this business is in it primarily because they love it. Passionate dedication and commitment is the norm not the exception. Successful seedstock producers compare themselves constantly with others within their breed, the industry, and in outside industries. They compare their genetics, their customer service programs, and their philosophies. There comparisons are not used to tear down their competitors but rather as a positive proactive means to make sure they are maintaining their lead. All comparison is designed to make them-

selves better. Their competitiveness is based on a commitment that gives them the ability to show unwavering dedication to their business.

Habit #6: The strive to be FSGPs (Full Service Genetic Provider).

Successful seedstock producers understand that commercial producers are expecting their genetics providHabit #4: They never accept God. ers to provide support other than genetics. And as a result, progresGood is not good enough. They sive cow calf operators are aligning embrace the statement made in with seedstock programs and gethe book Good to Great – “The ennetic products that offer market emy of Great is Good” Being good opportunities and alternatives for in the cattle business merely entheir calves. Genetic providers are sures that you are part of a comexpected to be partners in helping modity business. They strive for their customers reach their goals. creating a WOW, and the level of They understand that becoming a service that “Knocks Your Socks FSGP is all about adding value to the Off”. Habit #5: They embrace Radical, Bold Innovative Management. They are always willing to think outside of the box, they take chances, they accept failure as an inevitability when one reaches for the “Big, Hairy, Audacious Goals” that are essential if one wants to do something significant. A great strength of successful producers is their ability to prioritize, to do the truly important things and not just those things that seem urgent at the time. They realize that tradition is both the industry’s greatest strength and its greatest weakness. Honoring it when applicable and rejecting it when it is not. They understand that executing the exact same business model as their competitors or the exact same business model as their ancestors is not a prescription for innovation. They realize that they must constantly strive to reinvent the way they do business.

genetics that you offer. They do not only market their breeding program and their breeding philosophy, but they package that with their intellect/knowledge, service, and a focus on developing strong personal relationships. While the product may be genetics, they see the heart and soul of their business as being a people business. Everything they do is focused on producing, marketing, and selling their product, but what sets them apart is that all three activities are centered on meeting the customer’s

best interest. Most importantly, they understand that building relationships and providing service is something that doesn’t yield immediate results but rather is cumulative in its nature. There are 100’s of overnight successes in the seedstock business they are just usually 20 years in the making. Interestingly, the most successful also believe that less is more. Their customer service programs are geared to under promising and over delivering. They avoid at all costs what I’ll call the sale catalog competition where producers rush to sign up alliances, marketing alternatives, etc. but then do little to fulfill those promises. Habit #7: They think in terms of Creating Experiences.

tunities and the tools to leverage Successful seedstock producers the value of the genetics they are share many traits in common such selling. Yet, they are focused on as: creating and experience. They unProducing genetics that exceeds derstand the difference between customer expectations from the selling flour and eggs to make a gate to the plate. Collecting, analyzing, interpreting and using data to continuously improve their products and make solid management decisions in the context of a total systems approach. Committing to maintaining flexibility, especially through the selection of the right partners. birthday cake, and throwing a party at Chuck E Cheeses, and the difference that people assign to those products based on the experience they provide.

In summary, successful seedstock providers are focused on people more than genetics, and experiencWithout a doubt they start with crees as much as outcomes. They inating value-added genetics, then on tuitively know that customers will developing sustainable and meanbuy their genetics from those that ingful one-to-one personal relationthey trust, admire, respect and ships, they follow that up with cusmost importantly have a personal tomized solutions for their customrelationship with. ers, and providing marketing oppor-

Developing a long-term perspective and dedication to their strategic plan and breeding program. Rejecting Incrementalism and thinking revolution. These producers believe that the marketplace will demand consistency both in terms of the product they are producing and the philosophy they are produced under. They believe that an important of what they do is to provide stability, safety and the elimination of risk to their customers. They understand that their job is to have a broad based understanding of the entire production system, and that education is part of what they offer. And lastly that they must be able to provide documentation of genetics, results, and benefits of using their product. Of course, the most important habit of successful seedstock supplies is waking up each morning with a passion for what they are doing.


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Thinking the Way Animals Do:

By Temple Grandin, Ph.D.

Unique insights from a person with a singular understanding. As a person with autism, it is easy for me to understand how animals think because my thinking processes are like an animal's. Autism is a neurological disorder that some people are born with. Scientists who study autism believe that the disorder is caused by immature development of certain brain circuits, and over development of other brain circuits. Autism is a complex disorder that ranges in severity from a mild form (such as mine), to a very serious handicap where the child never learns to talk. The movie Rain Man depicts a man with a fairly severe form of the disorder. I have no language-based thoughts at all. My thoughts are in pictures, like videotapes in my mind. When I recall something from my memory, I see only pictures. I used to think that everybody thought this way until I started talking to people on how they thought. I learned that there is a whole continuum of thinking styles, from totally visual thinkers like me, to the totally verbal thinkers. Artists, engineers, and good animal trainers are often highly visual thinkers, and accountants, bankers, and people who trade in the futures market tend to be highly verbal thinkers with few pictures in their minds. Most people use a combination of both verbal and visual skills. Several years ago I devised a little test to find out what style of thinking people use: Access your memory on church steeples. Most people will see a picture in their mind of a generic "generalized" steeple. I only see specific steeples; there is no generalized one. Images of steeples flash through my mind like clicking quickly through a series of slides or pictures on a computer screen. On the other hand, highly verbal thinkers may "see" the words "church steeple," or will "see" just a simple stick-figure steeple. A radio station person I talked to once said that she had no pictures at all in her mind. She thought in emotions and words. I have observed that highly verbal people in abstract professions, such as in trading stocks or in sales, often have difficulty understanding animals. Since they only think in words, it is difficult for them to imagine that an animal can think. I have found that really good animal trainers will see more detailed steeple pictures. It is clear to me that visual thinking skills are essential to horse training, but often the visual thinkers do not have the ability to verbalize and explain to other people what it is they "see." Associative Thinking A horse trainer once said to me, "Animals

don't think, they just make associations." I responded to that by saying, "If making associations is not thinking, then I would have to conclude that I do not think." People with autism and animals both think by making visual associations. These associations are like snapshots of events and tend to be very specific. For example, a horse might fear bearded me n when it sees one in the barn, but bearded men might be tolerated in the riding arena. In this situation the horse may only fear bearded men in the barn because he may have had a bad past experience in the barn with a bearded man. Animals also tend to make place-specific associations. This means that if a horse has bad prior experiences in a barn with skylights, he may fear all barns with skylights but will be fine in barns with solid roofs. This is why it is so important that an animal's first association with something new is a good first experience. Years ago a scientist named N. Miller found that if a rat was shocked the first time it entered a new passageway in a maze, it would never enter that passageway again. The same may be true for horses. For example, if a horse falls down in a trailer the first time he loads, he may fear all trailers. However, if he falls down in a two-horse, side-by-side trailer the 25th time he is loaded, he may make a more specific association. Instead of associating all trailers with a painful or frightening experience, he is more likely to fear side-by-side trailers, or fear a certain person associated with the "bad" trailer. He has learned from previous experience that trailers are safe, so he is unlikely to form a generalized trailer fear. Fear Is the Main Emotion Fear is the main emotion in autism and it is also the main emotion in prey animals such as horses and cattle. Things that scare horses and cattle also scare children with autism. Any little thing that looks out of place, such as a piece of paper blowing in the wind, may cause fear. Objects that make sudden movements are

the most fear-provoking. In the wild, sudden movement is feared because predators make sudden movements. Both animals and people with autism are also fearful of high-pitched noises. I still have problems with high-pitched noise. A back-up alarm on a garbage truck will cause my heart to race if it awakens me at night. The rumble of thunder has little effect. Prey species animals, such as cattle and horses, have sensitive ears, and loud noise may hurt their ears. When I was a child the sound of the school bell ringing was like a dentist drill in my ear. A loud-

speaker system at a horse show may possibly have a similar effect on horses. People with autism have emotions, but they are simpler and more like the emotions of a vigilant prey species animal. Fear is the main emotion in a prey species animal because it motivates the animal to flee from predators. The fear circuits in an animal's brain have been mapped by neuroscientists. When an animal forms a fear memory, it is located in the amygdala, which is in the lower, primitive part of the brain. J.E. LeDoux and M. Davis have discovered that fear memories cannot be erased from the brain. This is why it is so important to prevent the formation of fear memories associated with riding, trailering, etc. For a horse who has previously been fearful of trailers to overcome his fear, the higher brain centers in the cortex have to send a fear suppression signal to the amygdala. This is called a cortical over-ride, which is a signal that will block the fear memory but does not delete it. If the animal becomes anxious, the old fear memory may pop back up because the cortex

stops sending the fear suppression signal. Fear-based behaviors are complex. Fear can cause a horse to flee or fight. For example, many times when a horse kicks or bites, it is due to fear instead of aggression. In a fearprovoking situation where a horse is prevented from flight, he learns to fight. Dog trainers have learned that punishing a fear-based behavior makes it worse. When a horse rears, kicks, or misbehaves during training, it may make the trainer feel angry. The trainer may mistakenly think that the horse is angry. But the horse is much more likely to be scared. Therefore it is important for trainers to be

ence determine how an individual will behave in a fear-provoking situation. Fearfulness is a stable characteristic of personality and temperament in animals. Animals with highstrung, nervous temperaments are generally more fearful and form stronger fear memories than animals with calm, placid temperaments. For example, research on pigs conducted by Ted Friend and his students at Texas A&M University showed that some pigs will habituate to a forced non-painful procedure and others will become more and more fearful. Pigs were put in a tank where they had to swim for a short time. This task was initially frightening to all of the pigs and caused their adrenaline level to go up. Adrenaline is secreted in both people and animals when they are scared. Over a series of swimming trials, some pigs habituated and were no longer scared, but others remained fearful throughout the trials. In the pigs that did not habituate adrenaline stayed elevated, which showed that the pigs were still afraid. It is likely that horses would respond to different training methods in a calm. An angry trainer would be scary to the similar manner. Horses with calm placid dishorse. There are some situations where a positions are more likely to habituate to rough horse may be truly aggressive towards people, methods of handling and training compared to but rearing, kicking, running off, etc., during flighty, excitable animals. The high-strung, handling or riding is much more likely to be spirited horse may be ruined by rough training fear based. methods because he becomes so fearful that Similarities and Differences between Anihe fails to learn, or habituate. mals and Autism On the other hand, an animal with a calm, There have been some questions about my nonreactive nervous system will probably views and my statements about animal behavior and autism. There are aspects of animal behavior that are similar to autism and other aspects that are different. There are two components of animal behavior, they are the cognitive (thinking) part and the affective (emotional) part. In my writings I have discussed how animal cognition has similarities to autistic savants. One example would be bird migration. An animal's emotions are different than autism. Emotionally, animals are highly social and not similar to autism. In Animals Make Us Human, Catherine Johnson and I make it very clear that the animal mind has emotions. Animal cognition has similarities to autistic savants, but animal emotions would be similar to normal humans. The work of Jaak Panksepp makes this very clear. We reviewed it in Animals Make Us Human. Effects of Genetics In all animals both genetic factors and experi-

habituate to a series of non-painful forced training procedures, whereas a flighty, highstrung nervous animal may never habituate. Horses who are constantly swishing their tails when there are no flies present and have their heads up are usually fearful horses. In the wild, horses put their heads up to look for danger. Effects of Novelty As a creature of flight, how a horse reacts to novel or unusual situations or new places can be used to access his true temperament. French scientist Robert Dantzer found that sudden novelty shoved into an animal's face can be very stressful. A horse with a highstrung, fearful nature may be calm and wellmannered when ridden at home. However, his true temperament has been masked because he feels relaxed and safe in a familiar environment. When he is suddenly confronted with the' new sights and sounds at a horse show he may blow up. It is the more high-strung and fearful horses who-have the most difficulty in novel situations. At the show there are many unusual sights and sounds, such as balloons and loud public address systems, that are never seen or heard at home. An animal with a nervous temperament is calm when in a familiar environment -- he has learned it is safe -- but is more likely to panic when suddenly confronted with new things. The paradoxical thing about novelty is that it can be extremely attractive to an animal when he can voluntarily approach it. A piece of paper lying in the pasture may be approached by a curious horse, but that same piece of paper lying on the riding trail may make the horse shy. People working with horses and other animals need to think more about how the animals' perceive the situations we put them in.

Make Walton’s Way, Your Way Travis Walton Linwood, NY 14486 • (585) 703-1476

Always offering our genetics for sale. Stop by and visit anytime! - Walton Family

Selling at the NY Angus Female Sale • May 9, 2015, hosted by New Penn Farm, Truxton, NY

EXAR Denver 2002B x SAV Madame Pride 0098

Confirmed heifer calf pregnancy, due October 29, 2015 The donor dam of this pregnancy (pictured above), is a three-quarter sister to SAV Abigail 8076 who is the dam of Genex/CRI sire Boyd Cartwright 3033. 0098 was also a class winner at the 2011 National Junior Angus Show, and is a big bodied female with lots of volume. This pregnancy is sure to make an awesome cow prospect. 0098 record WR 2@108, YR 1@108

BY: PAUL TROWBRIDGE The view this month is still from the shop getting ready for spring--working on some of my projects one of which is for my first wife. For Christmas she bought me a book on building furniture and planters from used pallets it has been very interesting I found a few local businesses that i can pick up pallets for free and the ideas from this book are endless so far the only thing I have had to buy is some wood stain and urethane to finish the projects. I amazed myself at the picture frames I made and what an awesome end table you can make out of hardwood pallet boards. I am now making stand up planters for her herb garden to hang on the side of our deck. We are adding to our bees this year and I have to build some hive bases to raise the hives from the ground when I started bees I would go to home depot and buy lumber now I really en-

joy making the proverbial silk purse out of a hogs ear. I can cut a piece of wood twice and still have it too short but I can burn it to heat the shop or save it for another project I found if you have a little imagination and a little time and patience You can make and endless array of things from used pallets. It also helps me stay out of the house till the spring work starts on our little farm. We started early vegetable plants and have most of our seeds ready for another year and as soon as the snow melts in our fields we will be able to start spreading the organic fertilizer that has been collecting since the snow got so deep we couldn't get into the fields these last two months. I really love being a farmer there is never any boredom because the minute you think you have a game plan in your head either the weather changes or

one of your animals does something to change the program for the day. The geese just went over heading north and the time change has made me feel like spring is finally around the corner. We are so happy we went to solar power for our farm last year now using and recycling old pallets we are finally making our carbon foot print a little smaller on our planet.

Thx For Readen Paul P.S. I was upset with myself because I lost a hive of bees than I remembered what Grandpa always told me IF YOU HAVE LIVESTOCK YOU HAVE DEADSTOCK and I guess that pertains to bees too.

“The Commercial Cattlemen’s Angus Connection”

Association Perspective The impor tance of relationships. by David Gazda, American Angus Association, Courtesy of the Angus Beef Bulletin Extra Recently I was invited to sit in on a brainstorming discussion attended by breed association representatives and those from academia, as well as commercial and seedstock Angus producers. During the afternoon discussion one commercial cattleman, when asked about the importance of a specific trait (characteristic) in bull selection in his region of the country, responded by saying it was of little or no interest, and added Angus genetics were utilized primarily to breed heifers and generate replacement females for their operation. Another commercial producer from the same area echoed similar sentiments about this same trait, and offered an indifferent “not much.” Sire selection, he said, was based only upon four traits, and Angus bulls were used strictly as a terminal cross in their breeding program. After listening to the second producer’s comments, I was convinced I had stood by the auctioneer’s speaker one too many sales at ringside and my hearing was now failing me. Being somewhat familiar with operations, their geographic locations, cow herd makeup, marketing programs, etc., I just assumed the trait being deliberated would have to be one of major consideration in sire selection for these programs — certainly in the one where replacements were being retained. Furthermore, what respectable cattleman would ever consider using Angus bulls as a terminal cross? After the meeting, having time to digest the comments shared with the group by those two cattlemen, I reminded myself of the need to be well-informed to effectively perform the role of a regional manager. More so, the day’s discussion reaffirmed the importance of the role relationships between customer and genetic supplier so there is accurate knowledge of genetic requirements. As a commercial producer, does your seedstock provider know what genetics complement your cow herd, environment or management? Do they know what genetics best allow you to reach your production goals or target market? More importantly, do they know what you need to make your program sustainable and profitable? Communication goes both ways. Successful businesses subsist because they afford goods and services that provide the customer success and satisfaction. Look around, and I think you will find the most successful Angus programs today operate under this same simple principle. Are you doing all you can as a commercial-Angus breeder to ensure success?

MOTHER’S DAY There is a Jewish Proverb that says, “God could not be everywhere and therefore He made mothers.” And indeed the celebration that recognizes motherhood is fairly universal around the world, actually beginning at the time of ancient Greece where the mother goddesses Rhea and Cybele were honored. Later, in Europe and England ‘Mothering Sunday’, the fourth Sunday in Lent, was the day people returned to their ‘mother church’ for a special event. Other events honored mothers in the United States beginning in the 1800’s, but the official holiday was initiated by Anna Jarvis, who thought a day to honor the sacrifices of mothers would be appropriate. It became a national holiday when President Wilson established the second Sunday in May as Mother’s Day. So besides celebrating mothers on one day in the calendar, how else can we be helpful to mothers during the rest of the year? Remember, the flowers and candy won’t last. Becoming a mother is most always seen as an exhilarating event that is celebrated as ‘the promise of personal fulfillment and the brilliant glow that accompanies the miracle of life.’ As Karen Kleiman related in Psychology Today in an article in 2012, ‘we hear stories of abounding joy and delight as mothers seemingly glide through the various phases and tasks with which the are confronted.’ She reminds us, however, that times can be tough for moms, with ‘the many loads of laundry we will do with our eyes shut from exhaustion and the many showers we’ll take in 30 seconds flat with the door wide open while our baby screams for attention.’ And so that very dichotomy of the wonders and delights of motherhood, coupled with the many stressors mothers endure, can be disturbing. There seems to be a myth that motherhood is very easy and natural for women; it isn’t always that simple. And so, as Ms. Kleiman states, ‘we need to tell moms it’s okay to make mistakes…and it’s OK to ask for help.’ She advocates the important rule that it’s also OK to be a bit selfish at times, putting one’s needs somewhere near the top of the list….without feeing guilty. “We need to nourish our spirits.” She is right when she says that to be a good mom and to have children do their best, mothers must take care of themselves as well. Unfortunately, as stated by Dr. Diana Barnes in her book, The Journey to Parenthood, Reality and What Really Matters, ‘today much has been made of the supermom phenomenon, the pressure for a woman to achieve perfection in each of her roles— mother, wife, and professional.’ Books, TV shows, school meetings and a barrage of media information, tell moms how to raise their children, what to do and what not to do, how to teach, discipline, provide good nutrition, and encourage socialization, etc., etc. Moms try to find a personal way to ‘mother’ based upon their own experience with their own mothers as they grew up, as well as taking into account their spouses’ experiences and their relationship with them. Add to that society’s expectations, and it can be a bit overwhelming. Ann Smith last year in a Psychology Today article, the Perils of Perfectionism in Motherhood, made some suggestions that mothers should strongly consider. And for us who are not moms, we should as well be aware of these suggestions so we can be supportive: 1. Instead of focusing on making yourself, your children and your world perfect, put your heart into connecting with the people you love.

2. Come out as a human being. Authenticity is a requirement for the pleasure of love, joy, fun and overall happiness. Yes it is messy, but being real and looking foolish will be worth it. 3. Challenge your negative self-talk by turning the volume down rather than trying to shut out all critical thoughts. Try to avoid comparing your efforts to those of others. Be you. 4. Let your children learn to be who they are rather than what would look best. Remember that they need a little hurt and a few bumps in life to become that wonderful person. 5. Have fun and/or be around others who do. Smile authentically; get dirty and let children get dirty – play. Reward yourself for the effort of having fun. 6. Let go of expectations and try to accept people as they are. We are all unique and flawed as human beings. Don’t judge your flaws or those of others. Embrace your essence and see it as all part of being you. What else can we do help honor mothers on this special day? Why not ask them what they would like (a couple of ideas from a recent Parents Magazine questionnaire given to mothers): “A family picture! We never seem to have a picture of all five of us, all dressed up looking good. One of us is always behind the camera.” “I would like my husband to work with the kids to make a Mother's Day gift. Nothing elaborate, but something that I could enjoy year round like a pencil cup, or decorate a picture frame and insert a photo that he has taken of the kids.’‘ “For Mother's day I would love for my husband to do something for me even if he wasn't all that interested in it himself. For example, offer to take me to see a chick-flik, or even better, to take me out dancing!” So remember, it’s always best to ask and not assume. To prove my point, an April 2012 Harris Poll posted in Forbes magazine asked dads, kids and moms what they felt would be the best Mother’s Day presents…..hold on guys: 72% of men thought moms want flowers while only 40% of moms want flowers. And pay attention: 50% of mothers want a spa day and 36% want jewelry or maybe a smartphone! So get out your credit card, dads! (I think I’ll hide this edition of ‘the Angles’)

EQUITY ANGUS Cattle for the Future, Today! Rich Brown (315) 406—5335 Port Byron, NY

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Equity 180 X Conveyance 0X52

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Angus Convention to Host First-Ever International Genomics Symposium Courtesy of: The Angus Journal

The American Angus Association® and Angus Genetics Inc. (AGI) will host our firstever International Genomics Symposium as part of the 2015 Angus Means Business National Convention and Trade Show. The event takes place Nov. 3 in Overland Park, Kan., and will provide cattle producers with cutting-edge information about advancements in genomics technology – and how these advances impact their businesses. The symposium is sponsored by GeneSeek, a leading provider of comprehensive genomics solutions to the cattle industry, including the GeneSeek Genomic Profiler (GGP-HD). “We are excited about the symposium and what it will mean for the cattle business,” says Dan Moser, AGI president. “Genomics is rapidly reshaping the way we produce livestock, and providing producers with the best information available will not only help us improve quality and consistency, but also make our industry more competitive.” Genomics researcher and entrepreneur Richard Resnick will be the event’s keynote speaker. Resnick serves as CEO of GenomeQuest, a company that builds software to support genomic medicine, research and individualized treatments. Before becoming a bioentrepreneur, Resnick was a member of the Human Genome Project at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Resnick will be one of several widely acclaimed experts on genomics technology to be speaking at the event. “GeneSeek has partnered with the Angus breed since 2009, and our sponsorship of the symposium is a natural extension of our long-standing commitment to the breed and the cattle industry,” says Dr. Stewart Bauck, general manager of GeneSeek/Neogen Agrigenomics. “There is intense interest among cattle producers about genomics – and this event will go a long way in serving GeneSeek’s mission not only to advance the use of genomics technology, but also show the positive impacts it will have on producers.” The rise of genomic testing and evaluation is reshaping the Angus business at an accelerating pace. In fiscal year 2014, genomic testing increased by 32%, and AGI recently reported that genomic testing in the first quarter of fiscal year 2015 grew by more than 56%. The 2015 Angus Means Business National Convention and Trade Show takes place Nov. 3-5 at the Overland Park Convention Center in Overland Park, Kan. The first-ever convention last year attracted nearly 2,000 progressive producers from across the country. For more information about the convention, visit

NEW YORK BEEF PRODUCERS’ ASSOCIATION 290 FOUR ROD ROAD, ALDEN, NEW YORK 14004 716-902-4305 716-870-2777 Email: website: UPCOMING EVENTS April 11-12- Empire Classic Hamburg , NYA Supreme Chair Show May 2- Trowbridge Bull Sale Canandaigua, NY May 4-8- Multimin Clinics held around the state see our web site for locations. May 9- NY Angus & Hereford Sale New Penn Farms Truxton, NY

Cattle Ultrasounding being Offered *April 8th at Bippert’s- Alden, NY for more info call 716-870-2777 *April 9th at Kriese’s- Branchport, NY for more info call- 315-856-0234

Multimin Clinics Being Set Up Around The State

Plans are underway for Multimin Clinics to be offered around New York State. Please check our web site for finalization of plans and reservation information. Starting on May 4th in Western New York , May 5th in May 16- NYBPA Council Meeting Penn Yan area, May 6th in the North Counties, May 7th in Eastern NY area and finishing up Friday evening May Doubletree Hotel, E. Syracuse 8th at New Penn Farms, Truxton, NY where the NY AnJune 6-7- NYJBPA Preview Show gus & Hereford Sale is being held. Lockport, NY These Clinic will offer a free dinner and a presentation A Supreme Chair Show on the benefits of Multimin. Reservations must be made to make sure there is enough food. Check out our web site May 9- Chautauqua County Beef Classic, Dunkirk, NY A Supreme Chair Show for additions.

New York Supreme Beef Female Show is Tuesday, September 1, 2015

To qualify you must win Supreme Beef Female at your County Fairs or participating Beef Shows held throughout New York State. A complete list of rules is on our web site. The Chairs are sponsored by Cargill Right Now Minerals. Again this year we will award Supreme and Reserve Champions to both Heifer and Cow/calf . Sponsored by Purina Animal Health, *****************************************************************************************

Join the New York Beef Producers Today For only $30.00 a Year! Membership Applications available for download on our web site

CONTACT: Miranda Reiman, Industry Information Assistant Director, Certified Angus Beef LLC (308) 784-2294 Photos:

Marbling, maternal cows work By Miranda Reiman It may be easier to explain away why you don’t have marbling in the herd than it is to get it. Some say that’s the origin of the popular “urban legend” in the Angus breed: high marbling potential is for “terminal” cattle, because they don’t make good mamas. You can’t have both in the same herd. But you can, as more and more commercial Angus herds across North America are proving with data and profit. Recent research suggests any theories to the contrary were simply created by those who have not made much effort to select for carcass traits and thus describe their herds as “maternal.” “Selection for Marbling and the Impact on Maternal Traits,” a research paper by Virginia Tech Extension animal scientist Scott Greiner and graduate student Jason Smith, explores the topic. Marbling has a slight relationship “with most of the traits that we associate with cowherd productivity,” Greiner says (see Table 1). Terminal and maternal traits can “coexist.” The first step to building a productive cow is to get her bred and bred early, and scrotal circumference is an indicator of fertility. Decades ago, some fairly popular and high-marbling Angus bulls happened to score low in that indicator, but that was just coincidence, according to all evidence. Both small-scale studies and actual analysis of the expected progeny differences (EPDs) for marbling and scrotal circumference found no association between the two traits. Nor should marbling ability impact the onset of puberty. “Age at first calving” is often used to determine if a female will get pregnant during a normal breeding season. One study indicated no relationship and another said an increase in a full unit of marbling would extend age at first calving by 10 days. “A breeder that makes a 0.25 unit improvement in marbling EPD would be expected to increase age at first calving by less than three days,” authors Greiner and Smith state. There is no correlation between marbling and heifer pregnancy in the Angus database. “Angus sires are highly sought after amongst commercial producers due to their ability to excel at calving ease while they maintain or improve carcass traits,” the paper says. The limited research highlights possible positive impacts, such as increased marbling in tandem with calf survival, lower birth weight and better calving ease. The Association’s data shows there is a positive correlation (.22) between marbling and maternal milk.

“This is always important, whether you’re selecting for marbling or not: keep milk production at a level that’s appropriate for your environment and your management,” Greiner says. “Opportunity currently exists within the Angus sire population to select for marbling while divergently selecting for maternal milk.” The scientists found no evidence of increased calving interval or reduced stayability among highmarbling populations, but research on mature cow size and efficiency is less clear. High-marbling cows may tend to be larger and slightly less efficient. The cow energy dollar-value index ($EN) has a minor negative correlation with marbling at -.23, but the marbling EPD is positively correlated with residual average daily gain (RADG) and the weaned calf ($W) index, “suggesting a favorable relationship between marbling potential and both pre-weaning value and post-weaning gain efficiency,” the paper says. Using EPDs and indexes to match cattle to environment is key, but reports from the American Angus Association indicate producers do not often utilize those tools to regulate mature size. Greiner says breeding for maternal traits takes much longer to see marked improvements since they’re lowly heritable and environment is also at work. Dick Beck, Three Trees Ranch, Sharpsburg, Ga., says that’s why it is so rewarding to focus on both. “Of course we should keep working on the cowherd, but why would you walk away from making progress on a trait that’s easily improved?” he wonders. “To say I’m going to improve 90-day conception rate by 5%, that is a tough, tough goal,” Beck says. “Saying I’m going to improve the quality grade of my next calves by 5%, I can do that in my sleep, with the right genetics. And it doesn’t take away from my efforts to improve on those tough goals.” View the paper at

Table 1. Pairwise correlations between marbling and maternal EPDs or dollar value indices for all sires included in the Fall 2013 Angus Sire Evaluation Report Statistics EPD or $ Index r P - value Birth Weight (BW) -0.08 0.0001 Calving Ease Direct (CED) 0.17 < 0.0001 Calving Ease Maternal (CEM) 0.28 < 0.0001 Weaning Weight (WW) 0.15 < 0.0001 Yearling Weight (YW) 0.19 < 0.0001 Residual Average Daily Gain (RADG) 0.07 0.0027 Scrotal Circumference (SC) 0.06 0.0039 Heifer Pregnancy (HP) 0.06 0.0408 Docility (DOC) 0.05 0.0258 Maternal Milk (Milk) 0.22 < 0.0001 Mature Weight (MW) 0.13 < 0.0001 Mature Height (MH) 0.18 < 0.0001 Cow Energy Value ($EN) -0.23 < 0.0001 Weaned calf Value ($W) 0.15 < 0.0001


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Beef Beyond Our Borders

$352 per head. Why is that number significant? That’s what exports added to each beef animal in 2014. During a Cattlemen’s College session earlier this month in San Antonio, I heard from three experts who had a unified message for producers: global consumers want your beef, they’ll add value to it, and quality counts. “Our main advantage is premium quality beef,” Jay Theiler, of AgriBeef, told us. “We are recognized as the gold standard around the world. It’s pretty fun to go out and sell our products because of the demand.” Here are a few quick facts I picked up about beef exports and their potential: An estimated 80% to 82% of all grain-fed beef is U.S.-produced. Not only is demand good in the here and now, but the future looks even brighter. Today, 96% of the world’s population lives outside the United States. 80% of global middle-class growth is projected to come from Asia. Trade is also “good risk diversification,” Jay said. For economic growth last year the U.S. ranked 166th out of 196 countries. So what do exports mean to this brand that makes up about 15% of all fed cattle marketings? Certified Angus Beef ® is sold into 80 countries worldwide. Around 13.5% of our total sales were in the international division last year. Of that 120 million pounds, 60% were end meats, or items from the chuck and round, compared to the strong domestic demand for such middle meats as strip loins and tenderloins. The top CAB international markets are Canada, Mexico, Hong Kong, Japan and Korea, but in the last decade we’ve expanded our presence in popular tourist areas in the Caribbean and in South America. “The upside potential in the global marketplace for a brand like ours is immense,” our own Larry Corah told session attendees. “The international market is critically important.” I couldn’t have said it better myself. May your bottom line be filled with Black Ink, Miranda

December 12, 2014

CONTACT: Miranda Reiman, Industry Information Assistant Director, Certified Angus Beef LLC (308) 784-2294 Photos:

Momma matters

Cowherd care impacts calves and their future calves

By Miranda Reiman Ranchers don’t plan to short-change their cows. Yet, the unexpected can leave the herd lacking. “Typically producers do not want to calve thin cows and do not like cows to lose weight during late pregnancy. We know that is bad,” says Allison Meyer, University of Missouri animal scientist, listing the side effects. “But a lot of times we end up in a bad situation late in gestation that results in cows losing weight or not getting as many nutrients as they need.” It could be drought, severe weather, poor forage quality or lack of hay stores, Meyer notes. That sets calves up for challenges both in the delivery and the hours afterward. “If we don’t have calves that are as big as they should be when they are born, that haven’t developed as they should prenatally, then we’re not going to get all of the genetic potential out of them that we strive for in genetic selection,” Meyer says. They often lack the vigor and temperature regulation that fully developed newborns would have. Research 40 years ago showed cows on a higher plane of nutrition in late pregnancy had increased calf survival from birth through weaning than those in a “low nutrition” group. More recent work at the University of Nebraska revealed feedlot steers born to unsupplemented cows required treatment at nearly six times the rate of those from better fed mothers. They also achieved higher rates of Choice grading, and almost double the amount of Premium Choice. In “tough situations” it can be hard to keep up with energy needs because in the last 90 days of pregnancy, fetal growth takes about 30% of the total requirements, Meyer says. “That is often when we’re also battling things like really cold weather and poor forage quality for spring calving herds or really hot weather and poor forge quality for fall calving herds,” she says. “We want to make sure that calves are born at the weight they were bred for and not more or less than that,” Meyer says. “The way to change birth weight is not nutrition. It’s always using the genetics.” But it’s about more than just their start, says Kim Vonnahme, North Dakota State University animal scientist. Cowherd nutrition can haunt or help calves all the way through harvest. “If we look at a steer from conception to consumption, approximately 30% of that steer’s lifetime is being spent in the uterus,” she says. The placenta accounts for almost a third of its total cumulative nutrition. What the unborn calves are getting, and when, matters.

“If you were to give supplement to a cow at this time and not at this time, you may impact the gut and see deficiency in the feedlot performance,” Vonnahme suggests. “But if you do it at a different time point you might enhance overall muscle development or when those fat cells become marbling.” In a University of Nebraska study, female progeny of protein-supplemented cows increased the ratio of calves born in the first 21 days, at 77% compared to 49% for the control group. They also had a 13-point increase in pregnancy rates overall. “The development of a calf occurs before it hits the ground,” she says. “It’s really getting back to conception; [cattlemen] need to think about what they’re feeding that dam. Not only do they need to think about rebreeding and look at that cow and her sustainability in the herd, but you’re actually influencing the next generation, especially if you’re going to keep those replacement heifers.” Both scientists say more research will help hone specific recommendations, but there are steps producers can take today. Match cowherd selection to environment, Meyer says. “Sometimes we inadvertently breed too much milking ability or think we have moderate framed cows, but go for high weaning weights and end up with more growth and mature body size in a cowherd,” she says. “So we imagine that cows are perfectly matched, but it doesn’t always work that way.” Planning for the feed emergencies is also key. “We can do a lot of prevention pre-birth,” Vonnahme says. If cows are undernourished going into calving, ranchers might be ready to supplement colostrum or bring calves into shelter for calving, for example. “You have a few areas where you can fix management when something bad happens,” Meyer says, noting it all comes down to one core fact: “Cowherd nutrition matters.”


New York Angus Association Annual Female Sale 2nd Saturday in May

Angus Hill Farm John Inkley V.M.D â&#x20AC;˘ 716-358-6817

w w 12400 W. Main Street â&#x20AC;˘ Randolph, NY 14772


Jesse Bontecou 1015 Shunpike â&#x20AC;˘ Millbrook, NY 12545

845-677-8211 Fax: 845-677-5316 Chris Howard â&#x20AC;˘ Herd Manager 845-416-1056 â&#x20AC;˘




Valley Trail Ranch H 315-688-9195 C 315-767-3290

Larry M. Laribee 3220 Fuller Road Carthage, NY 13619

Registered, AI sired, gentle, curve bending Heifers and Bulls

James D. Frueh 518-436-1050 Registered Angus Bulls, Steers, Heifers, Out of quality embryos Round Baleage and Dry Round Bales Springfield, VT and Glenmont, NY

Pleasant Valley Farm Registered Angus Breeding Stock & Freezer Beef

Travis Walton


Frank & Joan DeBoer 12491 St Hwy 357 Home: 607-829-3408 Franklin, NY 13775 Cell: 607-353-9520

Sarkaria Farms

Linwood Road (585)2434 703-1476 Linwood, NY 14486

585-703-1476 â&#x20AC;˘ Like us on Facebook

American Angus Hall of Fame Tom Burke, Kurt Schaff, Jeremy Haag

487 Whaupaunaucau Rd Norwich, NY 13815

816-532-0811 Fax: 816-532-0851

Sarkaria Family â&#x20AC;˘ 607-336-1681

Box 660 Smithville, MO 64089 â&#x20AC;˘

Look for us on Facebook!


(518) 598-8869



Murphy Farm Registered Black Angus

â&#x20AC;˘ Semen Collection, Evaluation & Freezing â&#x20AC;˘ Frozen Semen Storage & Shipping â&#x20AC;˘ Individual Pens â&#x20AC;˘ Centrally Located - Just off I-90 near Utica, NY (exit 33)

Route 31, Vernon, New York Duane and Crystal Brayman Farm - 315-829-2250 â&#x20AC;˘ Cell - 315-264-4894

Peter Murphy 1132 Rt. 80 Tully, NY 13159 Home: 315-696-6092

Cell: 315-706-1693

New York Angus Association Annual Female Sale 2nd Saturday in May

McCracken Vu Farms Performance Bred Angus Cattle Home of the famous McCracken Missies! cattle working in 7 states & Canada!

Scott Oeschger, Owner 32 Railroad Ave • Orleans, VT 05860 Bob Butterfield, Manager 802-673-6629 •

Jamie & Jerry Brozman Ned & Linda Hower Jennifer & Shane Boyle E-mail: 354 Townshipline Rd. Nazareth, PA 18064 Home (610)-837-3866 Cell (484)221-3455 Registered Angus Cattle Tame Show Calves

Website/Facebook – New Business Cards JEA Brozman.doc.pdf 1

Roger & Alice McCracken 585-243-5037 2898 Mt Pleasant Rd

Registered Angus Cattle




Breeding Quality Angus Cattle

Commercial Feeders and Purebred Replacements


Registered Angus Bulls available High $B embryos available



Mark & Karolyn Shepard 518-392-3478 365 Punsit Road Chatham, NY 12037

Registered Angus Solely using A.I. from Proven Genetics

Pete Kindler Craig Simmons • 518-858-4461


Clear Choice Angus Chris & Vanessa Jordan and Family 47 Mack Farm Rd Masontown, PA 15461

3899 Taylor Road Shortsville, NY 14548

585-289-8246 Allan’s Cell: 585-489-6432


Registered Black Angus Jim Sheehan & Family 208 Sissonville Rd • Potsdam, NY 13676 816 O’Connor Road • Port Byron, NY 13140 Rich Brown Office: 315-265-8427 315-406-5335 Andy Weaber: 315-261-1331 • Cattle for the Future Today

WESCHE FARMS Katharine Wesche John Wesche

682 Archbridge Rd. Ext. Ghent, NY 12075

3/6/12 10:36:46 AM

Laura and Allan Wesche

Arch Bridge Farm, LLC


724-984-0824 • Douglas J. Giles 538 Route 343, Millbrook, NY 12545 M 845.235.3789 / T 845.677.6221 / F 845.605.1152

P.O. Box 57 Lebanon Street Hamilton, NY 13346

315-824-1703 Arnold & Arlene Fisher

Registered Breeding Stock & Show Cattle Follow us on Facebook •

Carousel Design Taylor Wierzbowski 716-574-9724

Graphic Design & Photo Services

New York Angus Association

Tom and Holly McKenny, Owners 207-415-2792 Rodney Cleaves, Farm Manager 207-798-0241

Annual Female Sale 2nd Saturday in May

Featuring calves from: Trowbridge Xquisite 0216 Trowbridge Axel 314 !


35504 S. 4415 Rd. U Big Cabin, OK 74332 918.510.3464 U

Full Service Sale Management •

Dorado Angus

Heathcote Farm 15 Heathcote Lane Amenia, NY 12501

Tullyfergus Angus Herd Robert & Linda Groom

Jerry, Wanda, & Katarina Emerich 315-946-8204 1073 LaValley Road • Mooers, NY 12958 845-373-8731 Cell: 315-573-2569 518-593-0212 Dave Richmond, Mgr. 845-323-9232 Forrest Hester, Herdsman Breeding Stock Available

Riga View Farm

FRONTIER GENETICS Allan Lawyer 845-891-6671

Bob Butterfield 802-673-6629

Vermont & New York


Janeen Bennett 11742 Short Tract Rd • Hunt NY 14846 585 245 4780


Marc & Nicole Tommell & Family 1942 Hickory Hill Rd Fonda, NY 12068 518-573-0137 Marc • 518-369-5149 Nicole Licensed & Bonded, Buyers of Cattle

Jeff & Tammy Clark 860-671-1969

71 Hammertown Rd • Salisbury, CT 06068

New York Angus Association

Annual Female Sale 2nd Saturday in May


MILLER FARMS 7326 E Tonawanda Creek Rd Lockport, NY 14094 (716) 434-3525 • (716) 870-8338 cell Est. 1979 Purebred Angus Cow/Calf operation featuring seedstock & freezer beef Bulls available every spring


FARM 3442 BENJAMIN ROAD UNION SPRINGS, NY 13160 315-224-8969




Michael & Leslie Riehle 4597 Lower Birch Run Road Allegany, NY 14706-9509

Home 716-373-3023 AAA# 1190457

Mike’s Cell 716-378-8575 Leslie’s Cell 716-378-0272

Skan-Tisco Farm Eric Brayman & family 1261 East Lake Road Skaneateles, NY 13152 607-745-7568

Sara Fessner (585)752-1213 6899 Gauss Rd Bloomfield, NY 14469 Registered Angus Breeding Stock

Vacinek Angus Vacinek Family - Russel, Darliene, Lauren, & Lexi 12280 R te 39 •S ardinia, NY 14134 (716) 982-2788

Stop in anytime!

Penn State University Beef Center

3866 Kendrick Rd Sherman, NY 14781 Cell: 716-499-9596 Office: 716-761-6976

142 Orchard Road University Park, PA 16802

Wendall Landis - Manager 814-863-0831 office 814-280-7611 cell Mitch Stephens - Assistant Manager 814-762-4762 cell

BBMI Angus Jim Babcock & Family

Follow us on Facebook at Penn State Beef

NY ANGUS FEMALE SALE May 9, 2015 hosted by New Penn Farm, Truxton, NY

Heathcote Madame Pride 827C DOB 02/14/2014

A February yearling heifer by SAV 707 Rito 9969 from a dam by SAV 004 Density 4336, tracing back to the legendary SAV Madame Pride 0075 female. Proven cow family from the best of SAV. She sells bred to RB Tour of Duty.

SAV Madame Pride 8827

Dam of Heathcote Madame Pride 827C.

Heathcote Blackbird 1544

DOB 03/22/2014 A March yearling heifer by Connealy Capitalist 028 from a dam by Garretâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Nationwide 800I. A power cow, who sells bred to RB Tour of Duty. 1544 pictured as a heifer calf.

C Date to ber Remem P O WER  W Saturday


Also watch for Heathcote Forever Lady 1843, a two-year-old daughter of Rito Revenue 5M2 of 2536 Pre, tracing back to the famous SVF Forever Lady 181C female. Selling with her February heifer calf by Connealy Capitalist 028.

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NY Angus Angles Newsletter April 2015 - online issue  

Official Publication of the NY Angus Association. This newsletter is a service to our members and beyond, about industry news and our assoc...