Rite of Penance
Rite for Reconciliation of Individual Penitents
PREPARATION FOR THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE The Sacrament of Penance or Reconciliation is offered to us as an ideal way to experience the grace and mercy of God our loving Father and the forgiveness of any sins that we may have committed. The mercy and love of God has no bounds but we need to express our sorrow for sin and a sincere wish to avoid sin in the future. To help prepare for this moment of grace and forgiveness, the Penitent is invited quietly and prayerfully to reflect on their life and what needs to be forgiven. The questions listed below are provided as a guide to help in this search:
What is my attitude to the Sacrament of Penance? When did I last receive the Sacrament? Is my heart set on God, so that I love him above all things and am faithful to his commandments? Is my faith firm and secure? Do I wholeheartedly accept Church teachings? How often do I pray? Do I respect God’s name? Do I keep Sundays and Holydays by attending Mass? Have I fulfilled the precept of annual confession and holy communion? Do I have a genuine love for my neighbour? Have I fulfilled my obligations to my family and been a role model for others? Do I share my possessions with those less fortunate? Do I play my part in helping others?
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Am I just, honest and fair with others? Have I worked hard at school, in my studies, my place of employment, in my home? Have I done anything to injure or harm others or someone else’s property? Have I been ready to forgive others? Where is my life leading me? What holds me back from living a Christian life? What bad habits do I have? Do I make good use of my time and talents or am I lazy? Have I been patient in accepting the disappointments of life? Have I kept the Church’s laws regarding fasting and abstinence? Is there any grave sin or other serious matter which I ought to mention to the Priest? You might also reflect on the prayers and texts below – which ones speak to you most; on any choices that might be made; and pray that you may celebrate this Sacrament worthily and well.
RECEPTION OF THE PENITENT Greeting When the Penitent come to confess sins, the Priest welcomes him or her warmly and greets with kindness.
Sign of the Cross The Penitent makes the sign of the cross which the Priest may also make.
Penitent: In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen. Invitation to trust Using one of the following forms, or other similar words, the Priest invites the Penitent to have trust in God.
Priest: May God, who has enlightened every heart, help you to know your sins and trust in his mercy. Penitent: Amen.
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Priest: The Lord goes not wish the sinner to die but to turn back to him and live. Come before him and trust in his mercy. Penitent: Amen. Or:
Priest: May the Lord Jesus welcome you. He came to call sinners, not the just. Have confidence in him. Penitent: Amen. Or:
May the grace of the Holy Spirit fill your hearts with light, that you may confess your sins with loving trust and come to know that God is merciful.
Penitent: Amen. Or:
Priest: May the Lord be in your heart and help you to confess your sins with true sorrow. Penitent: Amen. Or:
1 John 2:1-2
Priest: If you have sinned, do not lose heart. We have Jesus Christ to plead for us with the Father: he is the holy One, the atonement for our sins and for the sins of the whole world. Penitent: Amen. Revelation of State of Life At this point, if the Penitent is unknown to the Priest, it is proper for the Penitent to indicate their state in life, when this Sacrament was last received, any difficulties in leading the Christian life, and anything else which may help the confessor in exercising his ministry.
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LITURGY OF THE WORD Call to conversion Whenever there is an opportunity the Priest, or the Penitent, reads or says from memory a text of Scripture which proclaims God’s mercy and calls people to conversion. A selection are given here but others may be chosen. Matthew 6:14-15
Let us listen to the Lord as he speaks to us: Yes, if you forgive others their failings, your heavenly Father will forgive you yours, but if you do not forgive others, your Father will not forgive your failings either. Or:
Let us listen to the Gospel of the Lord: After John had been arrested, Jesus went into Galilee. There, he proclaimed the Good News from God. ‘The time has come’, he said, ‘and the kingdom of God is close at hand. Repent, and believe the Good News.’ Or:
Let us listen to the Lord as he speaks to us through his Apostle, Paul: What proves that God loves us is that Christ died for us while we were still sinners. Having died to make us righteous, is it likely that he would now fail to save us from God’s anger?
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LITURGY OF RECONCILIATION Confession of sins and acceptance of satisfaction Where it is the custom, the Penitent says a general formula for confession (for example, I confess to almighty God…) before confessing any sins.
Penitent: I confess to almighty God and to you, my brothers and sisters, that I have greatly sinned, in my thoughts and in my words, in what I have done and in what I have failed to do, (And striking the breast, the Penitent says:)
Through my fault, through my fault, through my most grievous fault; (Then the Penitent continues:)
therefore I ask blessed Mary ever-Virgin, all the Angels and Saints, and you, my brothers and sisters, to pray for me to the Lord our God.
The Penitent then confesses any sins. If necessary the Priest helps the Penitent to make an integral confession and gives suitable counsel. The Priest should make sure he adapts his counsel to the Penitent’s circumstances. The Priest urges the Penitent to be sorry for any faults, reminding that through the Sacrament of Penance the Christian dies and rises with Christ and is thus renewed in the paschal mystery. The Priest proposes an Act of Penance which the Penitent accepts to make satisfaction for sin and to amend his/her life. The Act of Penance should serve not only to make up for the past but also to help to begin a new life and provide an antidote to weakness. As far as possible, the penance should correspond to the seriousness and nature of the sins. This Act of Penance may suitably take the form of prayer, self-denial, and especially service of one’s neighbour and works of mercy. These will underline the fact that sin and its forgiveness have a social aspect.
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Penitentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Prayer of Sorrow The Priest then asks the Penitent to express sorrow, which the Penitent may do using one of the following prayers or any other Act of Contrition which may be more familiar. Psalm 50:4-5
Penitent: Wash me from my guilt and cleanse me from my sin. I acknowledge my offence; my sin is before me always. Or: Penitent: Lord Jesus, you chose to be called the friend of sinners. By your saving death and resurrection free me from my sins. May your peace take root in my heart and bring forth a harvest of love, holiness, and truth. Or: Penitent: O my God, because you are so good, I am very sorry that I have sinned against you, and with the help of your grace I will not sin again. Or: Penitent: O my God, I am heartily sorry for all my sins, because they offend you, who are infinitely good, and I firmly resolve, with the help of your grace, never to offend you again.
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Absolution Then the Priest extends his right hand over the Penitent’s head (or at least extends his right hand) and says:
God, the Father of mercies, through the death and resurrection of his Son has reconciled the world to himself and sent the Holy Spirit among us for the forgiveness of sins; through the ministry of the Church may God give you pardon and peace, and I absolve you from your sins in the name of the Father, and of the Son, ✠ and of the Holy Spirit.
CONCLUSION Proclamation of Praise of God and Dismissal After the absolution the Priest continues:
Priest: Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good. The Penitent concludes:
Penitent: His mercy endures for ever. Then the Priest dismisses the Penitent, saying:
Priest: The Lord has freed you from your sins. Go in peace. In place of the proclamation of God’s praise and the dismissal, the Priest may say one of the following:
Priest: May the Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ, the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary and of all the saints, whatever good you do and suffering you endure, heal your sins, help you grow in holiness, and reward you with eternal life. Go in peace.
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Or: Priest: The Lord has freed you from sin. May he bring you safely to his kingdom in heaven. Glory to him for ever. Penitent: Amen. Or: Priest:
Blessed are those whose sins have been forgiven, whose evil deeds have been forgotten. Rejoice in the Lord, and go in peace.
Go in peace, and proclaim to the world the wonderful works of God, who has brought you salvation.
Concordat cum originale: Martin Foster. Imprimatur: Peter Smith, Archbishop of Southwark, 21st March 2017. Published 2017, layout, design © 2017 the Incorporated Catholic Truth Society, London SE11 5AY. Extracts from The Rite of Penance, © 1974, 1975, International Commission on English in the Liturgy Corporation. All rights reserved. The text of scripture readings used is taken from The Jerusalem Bible, © 1966 by Darton, Longman and Todd Ltd; and Doubleday and Company Inc. Used with permission.
CTS CTS Code: PC 104-P
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