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r p H E work of the Catholic papers has been most praiseworthy. They h a v e been an effective auxiliary to the pulpit in spreading the F a i t h . — Pope

Benedict

The Malaya Catholic Leader. By By By By By By

XV.

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OF

PUBLISHED 20 Pages.

N o . 40.

CATHOLIC

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SINGAPORE, SATURDAY, 5th OCTOBER, 1935.

THE HISTORY POSITION OF CHRISTIANITY IN ABYSSINIA 1 TO W O R K E R S I s uimmiauiimMiiiniiuiHW^

CATHOLICS ONLY 50,000 IN POPULATION OF TWELVE MILLIONS. THE EMPEROR'S TOLERANCE. T h o u g h t h e g r e a t e r p a r t of t h e population of Ethiopia ( A b y s sinia) is C h r i s t i a n , only 50,000 s o u l s in a t o t a l of 12,000,000 a r e Catholics. T h e g r e a t m a j o r i t y o f t h e people a r e m e m b e r s of t h e Schismatic Coptic Church, w h o s e P a t r i a r c h i n E g y p t is accepted b y t h e A b u n a (chief Bishop) of t h e Abyssinian C h u r c h a s his S u p e r i o r . Catholic evangelisation h a s been viscissitudinous in t h e l a n d which is now t h e c e n t r e of w o r l d i n t e r e s t , a n d i t is w i t h i n t h e l a s t c e n t u r y t h a t p r o g r e s s — r a t h e r s l o w , it is t r u e — h a s been m a r k e d .

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E A R L Y PROGRESS. L i t t l e b y little, by m e a n s of c h a r i t y , t h e first Vicar Apostolic won t h e e s t e e m of t h e people a n d their l e a d e r s . Toward t h e close of h i s s o j o u r n h e exercised a powerful influence over *he E m peror T h e o d o r e , w h o w a s f o r m e r l y an e n e m y . A n d Y o u n g P r i n c e Menelik, t h e f u t u r e e m p e r o r , h a d j

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iGeneral I n t e n t i o n : F o r Catholic A r t to be inspired by F a i t h . I Missionary I n t e n t i o n : T h e Missionary Union of t h e Clergy. such h i g h e s t e e m for h i m t h a t h e consulted h i m on personal affairs a s well a s m a t t e r s p e r t a i n i n g t o t h e g o v e r n m e n t of t h e c o u n t r y . . One of t h e essential w o r k s of Mgr. M a s s a i a w a s t h e f o r m a t i o n of a n a t i v e clergy, b u t a long period elapsed b e f o r e a n y considerable n u m b e r of n a t i v e p r i e s t s w a s ordained. M g r . M a s s a i a h a d a s coadjutor a Frenchman, Mgr. Taurin, w h b succeeded h i m in 1880. H e also found obstacles in his p a t h . T h e chaples w e r e closed, t h e foreign missionaries expelled from t h e c o u n t r y , a n d t h e A b y s s i nian p r i e s t s w e r e forced t o exercise their m i n i s t r y in secr3cy. T h e

Gondar in 1638. T w o c e n t u r i e s later p r i e s t s of t h e s a m e O r d e r returned a t t h e u r g e n t r e q u e s t of the F r e n c h explorer, Antoine d'Abbadie, a n d a t t h e direction of Pope G r e g o r y X V I . A n I t a l i a n Capuchin, t h e Rev. Guillaume Massaia, w a s appointed Vicar Apostolic of" Galla in 1*46 a n d arrived in E a s t Africa w i t h t h r e e other Religious. Their b e g i n n i n g s w e r e difficult, and on m a n y occasions Bishop Massaia a n d h i s companions h a d to leave t h e c o u n t r y . B u t w i t h determination t h e y would r e t u r n . The Bishop r e m a i n e d h e r e 35 years. T h e n h i s h e a l t h forced him to r e t u r n t o R o m e , w h e r e h e

{Continued

on page 7)

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bp Air PEACE OR WAR? j X h e . prayers of the Archbishop of Westminster for peace in his broadcast sermon on Sunday evening must have struck an answering chord in the hearts of all listeners. Catholic or not. At the moment at which w e write the position remains as obscure as ever, and becomes even more complex. The practically unanimous feeling of the nation evinced by the reception of Sir Samuel Hoare's speech at Geneva is all to the good, but it raises speculation as to the real causes of the practical unanimity attained there. Indeed it is as well that a mood of great caution prevails, in spite of the zeal of pacifists who would commit us to courses that might easily lead to war, and of militarists who would have us arm against the world. We know too little of the inner workings of diplomacy to do jnore than foster every effort to continuVrregotiation and stave off war, jfnd the positive effort of the individual citizen can at the moment go no further, effectively than to follow the lead of the Holy Father and of our own Fathers in Christ, and to pray with redoubled earnestness, for ^peace.

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A n Event. The broadcast sermon of Archbishop Hinsley, to which we have referred, is an event in the history of this country's wireless service. It was the first time an Archbishop of Westminster has broadcast a sermon, and it showed how ready msr Grace is, like the Holy Father, to make^ early use of every means modern cdHditions afford to forward the sacred interests entrusted to his charge. His Grace's eminent understanding of the non-Catholic as well as of the Catholic njrfjra of his native country was made manifest very early i n ' t h e address, and showed how fine and how acceptable a national, as well as Catholic leader he will be. Especially appealing were his references to his African experiences and to the pilgrimage of the unemployed to Rome organised by this paper. Incidently, many Catholic listeners must have felt that His Grace solved the problem,«of Catholic broadcast preaching— should it dohfine itself to matter likely to be accepted by the average listener and so^jcisk a misunderstanding of the Catholic position on the latter's part, or I should it go "all out" on Catholic doctrine? His Grace spoke so as to elicit the response of the average listener, yet. lefi^io room for doubt in that listenefkJftnd that there was much more to be said. Surely that is enough.

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Sir Samuel Hoare, in his Geneva declaration on our policy with regard to the League, certainly left himself a loop- i hole. Sanctions must be applied by all League members. Failing a practical unanimity we shall have freedom to abandon a policy of sanctions.

useful layer map of Abyssinia and the surrounding countries, including the Was Sir Samuel banking on France southern end of the Red Sea and the refusing to apply them? Will France Gulf of Aden. Its chief interest consists refuse, and so save our faces? Or are in an excellent historical summary of the treaties and agreements made bet- I we prepared to insist on sanctions, to put pressure on France to fall into step ween Abyssinia and various European Powers since 1889. It will no doubt be ; with us? studied with interest by the great numWhat kind of sanctions will be used? ber of people who are apprehensive of After reading the authoritative statethe results of the present dispute. There ment of the League of Nations Union is, however, an intrinsic difficulty in arone feels less sure than before that riving at a just appreciation of a matter military sanctions are out of the quesof this kind, and that is the inevitable tion, but they mean war. silences of diplomacy. Even were all the numerous treaties and agreements * * * * printed in full, there would remain for Why Are We So Concerned? all but the very few a big area of uncertainty as to the motives and intenThe reticence of our government is tions of the various nations concerned. very trying. Officially, at this stage of Moreover, there are many activities that the affair, we are making a test case of are outside the scope of any formal the Abyssinian squabble in order to disagreement. History—especially diplocover whether collective security is a matic history—soon covers up its traces. reality or a farce. (The Universe, Sept. 20) * * * * If it is a farce we must re-arm with all speed, because we have been taking Playing Poker. risks with national and imperial safety It is impossible to keep off this wretin the interests of the cause of disarmached Abyssinian affair, much as one ment. Even if the League covenant would like to do so. Everybody is prestands the strain we are now putting on occupied about it, and all of us are equalit, we shall probably take fright from ly in the dark as to the ultimate causes of things. Both Mussolini and our own ; this incident and re-arm, but w e shall government are keeping silent, playing ! have gained a precious year or two.

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POPE'S GREATEST ALPINE ACHIEVEMENT RECALLED. Vatican .City.—On the fortyI s i x t h a n n i v e r s a r y of t h e first ; ascension of M o n t e Rosa accom| plished by I t a l i a n Alpinists from i t h e I t a l i a n side a commemorative | t a b l e t was d e d i c a t e d on t h e peak. | T h e alpinists w e r e t h e priests | L u i g i Grasselli, now dead, and i Achilles R a t t i , n o w t h e Sovereign | Pontiff P i u s X I . I t was one of t h e I m o s t a r d u o u s a n d brilliant ascenj sions which b r o u g h t t h e two | a l p i n i s t s t p a h e i g h t of 15,150 feet t o conquer t h e second highest j m o u n t a i n in E u r o p e . T h e future Pontiff m a d e a full r e p o r t of t h a t I m e m o r a b l e ascension which was published in t h e Review of t h e Italian Alpine Club. T h e dedication took place with I t h e p a r t i c i p a t i o n of t h e most noted j a n d e m i n e n t I t a l i a n alpinists. T h e inscription s a y s : " I t was not t h r o u g h blind d e s t i n y t h a t two s u m m i t s a p p r o a c h e d each other h e r e . P i u s X I , t h e m a n whom t h e will of God p r e p a r e d t o wear t h e t i a r a , subdued f o r t h e first time t h i s p a s s a g e of Monte Rosa." 1

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Bombay on the India Act. A point of some importance to Indian Catholics is raised by the Examiner, the The Church of St. Teresa at Kampong Bahru, Singapore. famous Bombay Catholic weekly now edited by Fr. H. Roper, S.J., in its issue of August 24. The recommendations of the Bombay Delimitation Committee as regards the distribution of the three But why have we chosen to make a poker, but it cannot go on much longer. seats reserved for Indian Christians in test case of the Abyssinian affair, after Boom defences have been prepared in the Provincial Legislative Assembly are Admiralty harbour, Gibraltar. Malta is allowing the Japanese to do as they liked strongly criticised on the grounds that in Manchukuo, and after allowing the having its first "lights out" order whilst they 58? 'group the districts as to ensure the R.A.F. practices night flying over Germans to violate the armaments clauthat the Christian population, which is the island. A kind of censorship is al- ; ses of the Versailles Treaty? predominantly Catholic, should be repre- ready in action, to prevent false rumours Why were we unwilling to g o to war seated by two Protestants and only one j in the Maltese press. with Germany, but are willing to risk Catholic. This recommendation appears one with Italy? These are the factors Ships normally stationed at Gibraltar to be particularly galling owing to the which make one wonder whether our fact iratf'two out of the three Commis- are at Malta. The Mediterranean fleet zeal is all in the service of the League. sioners had proposed a workable dis- is at Suez. The Italian fleet is hovering tribution, whereby the Christian popula- round the Greek islands. The Maltese tion would'have been much more equally garrison is being brought up to full divided; and this proposal is clearly strength. The Italian Consul-General has exmuch more in accord with the expressed Trust And Pray. intentions of the Indian Franchise Com- plained to the Maltese that the Italians do not bomb civilians from the air, as When the right moment comes, no mittee. The Examiner feels that the doubt the government will take us more recommendation, as it stands, is so mani- did the Austrians. What do you make of all this? into its confidence. Till then we must festly unjust that it is unlikely to be trust those who have our destinies in accepted/ by the Central Delimitation What do we mean to do? their hands, and pray that God will Committee. , Obviously both Italy and England are guide them to a wise and peaceful solulooking to their preparedness for even* * » * tion of the conflict. tualities, but do we mean war? The Abyssinia and Diplomacy. If we cannot avoid the suspicion that A publiction recently issued by the possibility cannot be ruled out, and that there is more in it all than meets the is what is making people anxious. The League of Nations' Union at 6d. deals eye, we can at least refuse to attribute with the diplomatic history of the Abysprobabilities balance out either way, so unworthy motives. International polisinian dispute. Its author is Mr. F. far as they are known. tics is not a game for the scrupulous, White. As a frontispiece there is a ( we admit, but Italy and Great Britain have been such friends, have so much PILES CURED, NO OPERATION, BLOOD STOPED WITHIN 24 HOURS in common, and so much to lose by enBY THE FIRST APPLICATION. MAJOON-E-PILES:—The most wondermity, that a frivolous drift into war is ful medicine to stop all troubles of piles—passing of blood, severe pain, unthinkable. irritation, and all other troubles of moving of bowels, e t c , etc.. and new or Wlhat is needed is more frankness, 50 years chronic pile-sufferers can be used without restriction of diet. more toleration, and more patience. | Price per bottle $25.00 for order with cash (postage free) and $1.00 There is room in the world for all naextra for C.O.D. Full directions with medicines, the Physician, U. M. HALL, tions and peoples, but the progress of No. 721, North Bridge Road, Singapore. any nation loses nothing by being peaceIMPORTANT NOTE:—All male and female sufferings of diabetis, able and magnanimous. bright diseases, albumeneria, asthma i e w or chronic, kidney troubles, gout, rheumatism, and all male and female secret diseases the cause of We Catholics have no desire to be at which the victim and the physician only understand, successfully treated. loggerheads with a Catholic nation like «nlt personally or send enquiries by post stating your age. cause Italy, so the best thing we can do is to of the disease, the symptoms and the duration of sufferings pray for peace.

Tips for reply to:—

*e P h y s i c i a n , of t h e U . M. H A L L , load, Singapore.

Ul£Al» I'M E It EXT WATCH

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(Catholic Times, Sept. 20) '

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In many p a r t s of t h e world t h e r e is knowledge, a m o n g Catholics, of Sir T h o m a s G r a t t a n Esmonde, Bart., whose d e a t h is a m o n g t h e p r e s e n t week's melancholy news items. In Rome t h e deceased gent l e m a n was familiar on t h e roll of t h e Privy C h a m b e r l a i n s to t h e P o p e ; and in Ireland, his ancestral c o u n t r y — h e himself w a s born in F r a n c e — h e h a d distinction as t h e Irish r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of t h e Order of t h e Holy Sepulchre, in which order he held h i g h r a n k as a K n i g h t Grand Cross. Two famous families a r e united in t h e n a m e " G r a t t a n E s m o n d e . " T h e E s m o n d e s h a v e been f a m o u s for c e n t u r i e s ; a n d t h e G r a t t a n came to Sir T h o m a s on t h e m a t e r nal side, his m o t h e r h a v i n g been t h e g r a n d - d a u g h t e r of t h e celeb r a t e d P a r l i a m e n t a r y leader H e n r y Grattan. Although an Irishman, Sir T h o m a s G r a t t a n E s m o n d e h a d close associations w i t h his fellowCatholics in E n g l a n d for a g r e a t m a n y years, for h e s a t in Parliam e n t d u r i n g a v e r y long spell as a m e m b e r of t h e N a t i o n a l i s t P a r t y in t h e days before t h e creation of the Irish Free State. T h e new baronet, Sir Osmond Thomas G r a t t a n E s m o n d e , h a s a link w i t h i t h i s c o u n t r y in t h e fact t h a t h e j had his education from t h e Benedictines a t Downside. A PRIEST'S SERIOUS ACCIDENT.

THE STRIKE THAT FAILED

e i t

CORRESPONDENT)

suffered far too m u c h of t h a t sort of t h i n g s , h a s m e t w i t h a j u s t rebuff. •* * * * * *

When t h e s e weekly notes w e r e last despatched from London, j u s t seven days a g o , t h e consecration the abbey C h u r c h a t Downside, by Cardinal Seredi, h a d £ 0 recently taken place t h a t t h e r e w a s no t i m e to refer to t h e reactions of t h a t great ceremony upon t h e m i n d s of the English people a s a whole. Now, however, t h e event i s some days a w a y ; t h e weekly n e w s p a p e r s and the " i l l u s t r a t e d s " h a v e a p peared; a n d one can t a k e stock of the importance a t t a c h e d to t h e consecration b y t h e t e s t of t h e amount of P r e s s space given t o it. By that c r i t e r i o n t h e h a p e n i n g s , last week, a t Downside A b b e y a r e regarded a s a m o n g t h e g r e a t e s t and most i m p o r t a n t ecclesiastical events in E n g l a n d in m o d e r n t i m e s . The illustrated p a p e r s h a v e continued t h e w o r k , a l r e a d y b e g u n in the dailies, of recording t h e ceremonies b y scores of p h o t o g r a p h s . Portraits of t h e chief p e r s o n a g e s concerned, views of t h e c h u r c h , scenes " c a p t u r e d " by t h e ca/nera during t h e p r o g r e s s of t h e ceremonies—all t h e s e a r e p a r t of t h e ^week-end p i c t u r e gallery. Still more significant of t h e wide interest taken in t h e consecration is t h e fact t h a t m a n y of t h e chief p a p e r s have w r i t t e n leading articles on the subject, all of t h e m couched in sympathetic a n d a d m i r i n g t e r m s . Cardinal Seredi a n d C a r d i n a l MacRory h a v e now left on t h e i r return t o t h e i r respective countries. I r e l a n d ' s P r i m a t e w a s of course no s t r a n g e r in E n g l a n d ; but the H u n g a r i a n Cardinal w a s here for t h e first t i m e , a n d His Eminence expressed himself delighted w i t h e v e r y t h i n g h e had seen and w i t h t h e p r o g r e s s of t h e Catholic C h u r c h in t h i s c o u n t r y . * * * * It was all settled, and only awaited t h e h o u r . A t L e i t h , a n outlying d i s t r i c t of E d i n b u r g h , there would b e a s t r i k e of schoolchildren, t h e children of P r o t e s t a n t parents. On t h e chosen d a y t h e schools would open t h e i r doors as usual, b u t t h e children would not he t h e r e : E d i n b u r g h ' s P r o t e s t a n t spirit, w o r k i n g t h r o u g h t h e parents, w a s t o see t o t h a t . Such, at any r a t e , w a s t h e scheme which had been t h o u g h - o u t a n d proclaimed b y Councillor Cormack, a leading anti-Catholic firebrand in the Scots capital, a n d t h e h u b of all the r e c e n t trouble in t h e city. What w a s i t all a b o u t ? W h y w a s Protestantism to keep its children away from school ? Simply because the E d i n b u r g h E d u c a t i o n A u t h o r ity, under w h i c h body t h e Catholic as well a s t h e non-Catholic schools are administered, h a d decided to use an available a n n e x e in o n e of the Council schools for a n u m b e r of Catholic children for whom school places w e r e w a n t e d . In due course t h e d a y c a m e b u t except for a negligible few t h e Parents did not obey Councillor <-ormack's b e h e s t . In plain language, t h e s t r i k e w a s a " w a s h - o u t " , and to-day E d i n b u r g h ' s No-Poperv nag hangs v e r y limp indeed. The ^ 7 ? * expressed himo " v e r y much disappointed." sensible citizens of all creeds re^ i a t t e m p t to create another anti-Catholic m a n i f e s t a &on, w a city which h a s already

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The toll of t h e r o a d s h a s j u s t claimed a n o t h e r Catholic priest a m o n g victims of m o t o r accident. F a t h e r J o h n Molloy, a well-known Salesian, is lying seriously ill in Bradford, Y o r k s h i r e ; h e is u p w a r d s of seventy y e a r s of age, a n d a s h e h a s s u s t a i n e d severe head w ounds, a f r a c t u r e d leg, and o t h e r injuries, t h e r e is deep a n x i e t y . F a t h e r Molloy w a s on his w a y t o visit a r e l a t i v e w h e n h e was knocked dow n. D u r i n g t h e p a s t few y e a r s road accidents h a v e led t o t h e d e a t h of several B r i t i s h p r i e s t s , a p a r t f r o m cases of injury.

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London is p r e p a r i n g to welcome w h a t is c e r t a i n t o prove one of t h e y e a r ' s m o s t i n t e r e s t i n g Catholic Congresses, t h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l Cong r e s s of t h e Apostleship of t h e Sea. This organisation, one in which Singapore will h a v e a n a t u r a l int e r e s t , is concerned for t h e spiritual and, in m a n y places, t h e social welfare of o u r Catholic seamen in t h e various p o r t s . A n u m b e r of distinguished w o r k e r s a r e coming to London from E u r o p e a n countries, and t h e A r c h b i s h o p of Westm i n s t e r is to preside a t t h e principal functions.

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*

IN "GEORGE ELIOTS" COUNTRY

very different a n d h i g h e r i n t e r e s t s . Close upon a h u n d r e d y e a r s ago, a Catholic Church w a s built in t h e town. A t t h a t t i m e t h e building" was considered a splendid achievem e n t both a s to size and a r c h i t e c ture. B u t t h e Catholic F a i t h moves on, and t h e r e is now rising, in place of t h a t old church, a new one which is to seat eight h u n d r e d persons. "George Eliot" s a w t h e old building. If h e r s h a d e should h a u n t t h e "scenes of clerical life" in t h a t p a r t i c u l a r p a r t of t h e t o w n next F e b r u a r y , it is likely t h a t it will t h e n see t h e opening of t h e new one. While non-Catholic churches or chapels a r e in g r e a t e r n u m b e r becoming picture t h e a t r e s Catholic Churches in E n g l a n d and Wales a r e pulled down only t o be replaced b y new and l a r g e r ones. The new church a t N u n e a t o n will be one of t h e most imposing ecclesiastical buildings in t h e t o w n . * * * •

A DUCAL MAYOR. T h e town of N u n e a t o n is famed chiefly for its l i t e r a r y associations, T h e fhrke^of Norfolk-is- s h o r t l y a s being t h e l a r g e s t and busiest j to have his first t a s t e of municipal c e n t r e in W a r w i c k s h i r e ' s "George responsibility in office. His Grace E l i o t " country, so-called because has consented to serve a s M a y o r t h a t noted w o m a n novelist lived in of Arundel for 1935-6, in t h e m u n i t h a t p a r t of E n g l a n d and b r o u g h t cipal y e a r beginning in N o v e m b e r it into some of h e r w r i t i n g s . But next. Arundel, a s m a n y Catholics to Catholics N u n e a t o n , j u s t now, in Malaya doubtless know, is t h e p r e s e n t s itself in connection with ancestral seat of t h e H o w a r d s .

D u k e s of Norfolk in a long s u c cession. T h r e e buildings in t h e t o w n a r e n o t a b l e : t h e towerinjg jCastle, overlooking t h e A r u n t h e 'ancient p a r i s h church, in w h i c h t h e F i t z a l a n Chapel r e m a i n s t o t h i s d a y screened off and in Catholic o w n e r s h i p , being t h e Duke's o w n p r o p e r t y ; a n d the spacious a n d beautiful Catholic C h u r c h of S t . Philip N e r i , a building of s u c h s t r i k i n g proportions t h a t m a n y o u t s i d e r s r e f e r to it a s t h e " C a t h o lic C a t h e d r a l . " AFRICAN GIRLS BEGIN CATEC H E T I C A L WORK A M O N G CHILDREN. Moshi ( T a n g a n y i k a , B r i t i s h E a s t Africa) — A n i n t e r e s t i n g e x p e r i m e n t is b e i n g very successfully t r i e d o u t a t M a s h a t i , in t h e V i c a r i a t e of Kilimanjaro, B r i t i s h E a s t Africa. In t h i s t e r r i t o r y Kiswahili is t h e official l a n g u a g e of t h e schools. It is in t h i s l a n g u a g e t h a t religious i n s t r u c t i o n is given. R e trentljr, t w o y o u n g school teaefc have tried instructing the young children in t h e catechism and in l e a r n i n g t h e i r p r a y e r s in t h e tribal dialect. T h e readiness w i t h whioh t h e children a n s w e r and t h e evidence of t h e i r u n d e r s t a n d i n g of t h e m a t t e r is quite consoling. (Fides).


4

G eneraI Jottings of the M^eeL

RETIRING ENGINEER ENTERTAINED. The Hon. Mr. C. C. Brown, Resident of Pahang, presided last week at the dinner given in honour of the retiring State Engineer of Pahang. A dance followed the dinner which was attended by over 40 members of the Pahang Club. GOVERNOR OF MACAO RETURNS TO PORTUGAL. H. E. Lt. Colonel Jose Bernades de Miranda, passed through Singapore last week on his way back to Portugal after having completed his term as Governor of Macao. H e has proved himself by word and deed to be a friend of Britain.

Raffles M u s e u m e x c a v a t o r s w i t h t h e a s s i s t a n c e of Dr. P . V. V a n Stein Callenfels h a v e b e g u n a n archaeological s u r v e y of North M a l a y a i n s e a r c h of p r e - h i s t o r i c civilization. One side of a new hall will depict t h e s t o n e a g e in S o u t h - E a s t A s i a a n d t h e r e s t of t h e space will be devoted t o a m o r e detailed s u r v e y of p r e - h i s t o r y in Malaya. INADEQUATE REPORTS OF BELFAST RIOTS. The newspaper reports on the Belfast riots make scant mention of the whole situation from its very commencement two months ago. Aneta-Trans-Ocean News Service came out on Sep. 23rd with an account of trouble in the York quarter of Belfast. The ordinary man in the street reading that solitary report would surmise that Catholics if not to blame more than the Protestants, were equally at fault. Why were not full reports of the entire situation published? Why was the Bishop of Down and Connor's appeal to Mr. Baldwin for an impartial enquiry never published? When Catholics are persecuted very little news of their sufferings and ill-treatment ever finds its way in the public press. Still truth will out one day and wrongs will be righted. SIR

E R I C S DIFFICULT TASK.

Sir Eric Drummond, British minister in Rome, has been having a hectic time of late. , Italy does not regard Great Britain as a good friend these days and it is fortunate that our ambassador in Rome is one of the experienced and capable of diplomats. Incidentally he is a convert to the Catholic church. He was formerly Secretary General of the League of Nations.

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Senor Chapaprieta has formed a new cabinet in Spain composed mainly of Radicals, Catholics asd Agrarians. Chapaprieta is an Independent and takes the Finance folio as well as the Premiership. Lerroux .is Foreign Minister and Senor Gil Robles, the Catholic leader is War Minister.

BRANCH

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SEARCH FOR PRE-HISTORIC CIVILIZATION.

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THE

HIM T O B E O N C O W A N D G A T E

ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN MALAYA.

PHILIPPINE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS. o S E N O R QUEZON W I N S BY ' A LANDSLIDE.'

Senor Quezon, has won the Philippine presidential election by a very substantial majority. In Manila alone he topped his closest rival, Senor Aguinaldo by 15,218 votes. He received a total of 498,237 votes while Aguinaldo got 152,963 and Aglipay 68,976. For the office of Vice President Senor Osmena was elected. He received 475,338 votes against 49,834 for Melliza and 23,613 for Nabong. Quezon was very grateful to the people of the Philippines for the generous honour done to him. Washington regards the success of Quezon and Osmena as a triumph for order.

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J A C K S O N & CO., LTD., Robinson Road, S i n g a p o r e . BLESSING OF CHAPEL BANGKOK.

HONOURED.

A m e e t i n g was held a t t h e I n s t i t u t e Luso-Indiano, Dabul on t h e 25th ult. in h o n o u r of Mr. R. P . K a m a t , a Goan, w h o is t h e first Indian t o h a v e won t h e 'Royal A c a d e m y ' Gold Medal in S c u p t u r e . H. E . T H E APOSTOLIC D E L E G A T E A T COLOMBO. H . E . T h e Apostolic D e l e g a t e w a s accorded a n e n t h u s i a s t i c reception by the* Diocesan Union a t Colombo, on behalf of t h e Catholics of t h e Diocese. « I n t h e course of h i s reply t o a speech of welcome maxle b y t h e C h a i r m a n of t h e Reception Comm i t t e e , M g r . Leo Kierkels expressed his desire t o s t r e s s t h e import a n c e of Catholic Action. I t w a s not enough t o be satisfied w i t h merely belonging t o t h e Catholic Church, h e said, t h e y should also show t h a t t h e y w e r e Catholics in t h e i r lives and actions. T h e m a i n object of Catholic Action w a s t o b r i n g t h e i r influence t o bear on t h e i r social s u r r o u n d i n g s .

IN

T h e R e v e r e n d M o t h e r Prioress of S t . T e r e s a ' s Carmel Bangkok, a n d h e r c o m m u n i t y h a v e pleasure in a n n o u n c i n g t h a t t h e Blessing a n d Opening of t h e i r n e w Chapel by H i s Excellency t h e Right R e v e r e n d B i s h o p P e r r o s took place on t h e 3rd October, t h e F e a s t of S t . T e r e s a of t h e Child J e s u s . T h e following w a s t h e programme. 6.30 a.m. B l e s s i n g of t h e Chapel. 7.00 a.m. Holy M a s s followed by t h e blessing of r o s e s in honour of St. T e r e s a , a n d Exposition of the Most Blessed S a c r a m e n t . 5.00 p.m. Benediction of the M c s t Blessed S a c r a m e n t and vener a t i o n of St. T e r e s a ' s relics. PHENOMENAL PROGRESS BEZWADA.

IN

In a n article published in the 'Catholic L e a d e r ' M a d r a s , Very Rev. F r . D. Grassi, Ecclesiastical Superior, Bezwada, d r a w s attention t o t h e p r o g r e s s m a d e by the Bezwada Mission w i t h i n a brief j period of one y e a r . T h e convers i o n of 3,645 H i n d u s a n d 666 Prot e s t a n t s is a splendid record of jwhich a n y Mission can j u s t l y feel NEW ORDER OF RELIGIOUS IN •proud. S. I N D I A . HOLY F A T H E R CELEBRATES The first b a t c h of a new o r d e r P O N T I F I C A L H I G H MASS. of Religious " T h e B r o t h e r s of T h e Holy F a t h e r left his SumMount Olivet" a t M a n g a l o r e m a d e t h e i r Religious Profession in t h e m e r residence a t Castelerondolfo on hands of t h e i r f o u n d e r t h e B i s h o p Saturday- S e p t e m b e r 7 t h , and motored t o S t . P a u l ' s Basilica in of Mangalore. Rome, w h e r e h e celebrated Pontifical H i g h M a s s for ex-soldier pilHOW A SCIENTIST WAS g r i m s who w e r e p a y i n g a four day CONVERTED. visit t o t h e E t e r n a l City. After Mass H i s Holiness addressed the A biological l a b o r a t o r y is credit- m l g r i m s a n d t h e n r e t u r n e d to ed as t h e i n s t r u m e n t which led t o Castelgondolfo. t h e conversion of D r . Corey, h e a d of t h e Liberal A r t s D e p a r t m e n t of MARRIAGES. W a s h i n g t o n U n i v e r s i t y . T h e docAlexander—Anthonvswamy. Mr. G. A. Alexander/Hon. General t o r found himself inclined inevitably t o t h e c h u r c h not in spite of Secretary of the F.M.S. Railwav Institute and the Selangor Indian Associahis scientific prepossessions, b u t tion was married last wepk at the because of t h e m . "huroh of St. Anthony, Kuala Lumpur, " S c i e n c e i t s e l f " t h e new conv e r t declared "is t e a c h i n g us t o do precisely w h a t t h e Catholic C h u r c h h a s long t a u g h t u s t o do—to r e j e c t e i t h e r t h e doctrine which believes t h a t n o t h i n g e x i s t s b u t m a t t e r , or t h e doctrine w h i c h believes t h a t both m a t t e r and soul exist b u t t h a t t h e y a r e absolutely distinct from each o t h e r . Science is a s k i n g u s t o believe j u s t a s does Catholicism, t h e dualistic doctrine which tells us t h a t t h e r e a r e , t o be sure, b o t h m a t t e r and mind or soul, b u t t h a t t h e y a r e i n t i m a t e l y connected.

to Miss Teresa Anthonyswamy, who recently arrived from India. Rev. Father Hermann, officiated. * * * * * Mr. Alphonso Stephen Fernandez of """Sereiiiban—General—Hospital—was 'married to Miss Agnes Stella Schelkis at the Church of the Visitation on Sep. 23rd. The bride is the daughter of Mr. A. A. Schelkis, late of the Seremban P.W.D. The flower girls were Miss Fernandez and Miss Schelkis while Miss Dorothy Schelkis was bridesmaid. Mr. Patrick Marsh was bestman and [Mr. and Mrs. W. H. de Silva were the sponsors. The reception was held at No. U Lobak Road. !


5

JOKES.

Young People's Page

F R E E ADVERTISEMENT. The firm cf Moses and Murphy had plots for sale in a newly panned suburban district. Mr. Mui'p'iy—ycung, enthusiastic, was writing the advertisements. Natural eloquence llowed from his pen. Ke urged intending purchasers 0 to seize the pass ng moment. "Napoleon/' he wrote, "not only met oppcr(TRANSLATED FROM F R E N C H ) . tunity; he created it!" By C. E . J U A N . Mr. Moses read the line in the advertisement slowly and carefully. He was only a s t r e e t urchin in i be he would give m e a h o m e ; " and "This fellow, Napoleon," he s a i l . Paris. His p a r e n t s h a d been dead at once followed t h e t h o u g h t : ; " V a t ' s the use of advertising him vit for five y e a r s . A t first he lived "Would h e enable h i m to m a k e his I our m o n e y ? "

HOW

A STREET BOY BECAME A PRIEST.

:

on the charity of one or a n o t h e r neighbour. T h e n a s soon as he was old enough he r a n e r r a n d s , he helped the m a r k e t people to c a r r y their heavy b a s k e t s . H e was by turns newspaper boy, s t r e e t hawker and t h e like.

He had seen m u c h vice, h a d lived in evil s u r r o u n d i n g s , but he was high-minded, gifted with a noble soul w hich h e k e p t clean. Maybe t h a t was not always t h e -case with his face and h a n d s . He had begged a few t i m e s but he never stole, not even one cherry, though be used t o c a r r y b a s k e t s full. When he h a d some free time he spent it in a c h u r c h . He knew them all. N o t r e D a m e had his preference. H e liked t h e dark side aisles and often took refuge t h e r e . On the g r e a t feast d a y s he felt carried out of himself with joy, when listening to t h e g r e a t voice of the organ. It b r o u g h t back to him what his m o t h e r used to teach him about t h e f e a s t s when she made him say his p r a y e r s . He did lot r e m e m b e r m u c h of it as nobody I had spoken to him of religious subjects since he lost her. T

Above all he loved H i g h Mass. He understood n o t h i n g of it but he was fascinated by t h e ceremonial. How he did envy t h e boys who were allowed to s t a n d r o u n d t h e a l t a r and swing t h e i r censer before it. ! The altar possessed for him a m y sterious c h a r m . I t seemed to him that a voice issued from it—calling to him: " C o m e . " T h e n h e appro- | ached as n e a r a s ever he could and kept repeating t h e only p r a y e r t h a t he knew : " J e vous salue M a r i e " (Hail M a r y ) . ;

7

Several t i m e s he h a d seen children of his own a g e kneeling a t t h e I altar rail, while h e felt instinctively | that it was for t h e i r s a k e t h a t t h e singing was even m o r e beautiful than usual. A n d once a b e g g a r . woman had s a i d : " I t will b e a g r e a t day, t h e F i r s t Communion, t h e children will be g e n e r o u s . " W h a t did she m e a n ? " T h e F i r s t Com"-amnion?" H e could not guess, b u t only to see t h e children's faces told lim t h a t it m u s t be s o m e t h i n g j very sweet indeed. Would he ever ! make his F i r s t C o m m u n i o n ? . . . > He became h a u n t e d by t h e idea. The old s a c r i s t a n h a d noticed t h e lad poorly clad b u t clean, whose ^ace looked so h o n e s t , so open. O k c day he a d m i t t e d h i m to t h e vestry to help h i m scrubbing a n d Polishing t h e candlesticks and similar things. W h a t a happiness for the boy!

F i r s t Communnion ?" But when he h e a r d t h a t t h e Pope was in Rome, he cried: "It w a s so f a r ! " Winter came. Frost, snow, p r i v a t i o n s . w ant of home c a r e were too much for t h e boy, w h o became very ill. Despite a r a c k i n g cough he kept going t o N o t r e Dame. One day, feeling still m o r e HI and exh a u s t e d , scarcely able to stand, he crept as near t h e A l t a r as possible, s a y i n g to himself: "I cannot bear t h i s kind of life a n y longer. I m u s t go to t h e Holy F a t h e r ! " B u t when h e tried to get u p h e h e a r d a noise in his ears, a m i s t came before his e} es, and he fell unconscious. T

r

He came to himself in a large room. A was: supporting h i m , who looked very kind a cup to his lips. THE

in a big bed y o u n g priest while a lady w a s holding

SACRIFICE.

She

dreamed of dear companions, And those caressing waves of wild white spray, Where the deep, ruffled blue of ocean meets The yellow sand she knew just yesterday;

Of

gayer nights, of glad and splendid speech, Dances and shows and all the careless talk, Of Sundays, listening to old friends preach The after-joy of every Sunday's walk. These were her dreams, until the night lights gleamed Before the altar of her one Desire, For here was That .of which her girlhood d re a mcd. Tor Which she yearned in I sacramental fire ! Each dream of old a sweet and sacred thing. But there she finds her Prince, her Love, her KING!

" I a m with t h e Holy F a t h e r , " exclaimed t h e child, full of joy. T h e y could not u n d e r s t a n d a n d t h o u g h t h e w a s delirious. Soon, however, t h e y saw h e w as quite sensible. In a n s w e r to their questions he spoke of his life, his d r e a m s , his longing. T

r

T h e n t h e p r i e s t a n d t h e lady, h a v i n g whispered a few m i n u t e s t o g e t h e r , came b a c k t o his side and t h e p r i e s t s a i d : " L i s t e n , m y boy, you a r e still in P a r i s . You a r e not in t h e Holy F a t h e r ' s house. H e is indeed y o u r f a t h e r b u t h e h a s so m a n y children h e c a n n o t look a f t e r t h e m himself. So h e bade m e t a k e c a r e of his forlorn children in P A R I S . You will s t a y with t h i s lady, and I hope be a good son of the Church."

They talked about one subject -and another. T h e s a c r i s t a n h a p pened to mention t h e Holy F a t h e r . "Who is t h a t , t h e Holy F a t h e r ? " T h e little o r p h a n boy had found . ."Well, I n e v e r ! " w a s t h e r e - a home a t last w i t h a m o t h e r who minder. " N o t to know w-he t h e - ToIcThmT~ about t h e f e a s t s - a s his Holy Father I s ! H e is t h e P o p e ! ' own m o t h e r used to, about t h e "But what do vou mean, t h e M a s s which he loved, a n d t h e A l t a r Pope?" which fascinated him so much. He /'Well, ask one of t h e p r i e s t s , h e k n e w now which voice it was which kept calling to h i m . H e w a s in *I1 explain t o you. r a p t u r e when h e w a s told he also But he did not ask. H e did not would m a k e his F i r s t Communion: <tere and kept on w o n d e r i n g to h i m (Continued in Col. 4) "Then I h a v e a f a t h e r ! M a y - :

*

*

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WHY HE CHOSE IT. A schoolmaster was giving a music lesson and asked the pupils if there was any favourite song: they would like to sing "The Soldiers' Song, sir," said one of the boys. "Nov/ tell me," said the school-master "what made you think of the National Anthem?*' "Well," replied the boy., "it's time to ^o home." * * * * * * ONLY CHANCE. The curate prided himself on his oratorical powers. He was describing the downward path of the sinner, and used the metaphor of a ship drifting and going to pieces on the rocks. A sailor in the audience was deeply interested. "The waves dash over!" cried the curate. "Her sails are split! Her yards are gone! Her masts are shivered! Her helm is useless! She is driving ashore! There seems no hope! Can nothing be done to save h e r ? " The sailor rose in his seat, his eyes wiao with excitement. "Let go the anchor, ye lubber!" he shouted. DIDNT MATTER? A* an agricultural dinner a son of the plough sat beside a woman of title, a friend of the squire, and while discussing turnips and potatoes he upset a plate of tomato soup on his neighbour's frock. She kept down an impatient exclamation, and merely remarked: " W h a t a pity!" The farm worker looked at the stains and said, with a resigned sigh: "Ah, it f'oan't matter. I doan't like the stuff anyway." HEAR! H E A R ! Councillor Puff (at Board of Health meeting)—"Gentlemen, we have been sending lunatics out of the county to an outside Mental Hospital for a long time, and it has cost us a g r e a t deal of money. But I am glad to be able to make the statement that' we have now built- a mental home for ourselves." OUT OF HIS DEPTH. In a small country town a learned professor of convivial habits was brought before the local magistrate. "You are changed with being drunk and disorderly," snapped the magistrate. "Have ye anything to say why sentence should not be pronounced?" "Man's inhumanity to man, makes countless thousands mourn," began the professor, "I am not so neurotic as Poe, so profligate as Byron, so intemperate as Burns, so vulgar as Shakespeare—" "That'll do, that'll do interrupted the magistrate, " Seven days! Officer take down that list of names he mentioned, and round 'em up. I think they're as bad as he is." THE MIDDLE HALF. A little boy who slept with his big brother complained to his mother one morning about the discomfort of his bed. "It's an awful hard bed, mama, and what's more, Bob takes up quite half of it." "Well," replied the mother, "why shouldn't Bob have a half?" " But," added the youngster, "he always takes the middle half."

"Every child needs milk every day."

, j !

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M I L K

he would be an altar-boy a n d holding a censer t a k e p a r t in t h e ! ceremonies. J T h e voice still called: " C o m e ! " ' | | | | ; j | ! j '

In a n s w e r he served Mass a n d w e n t to Communion every day. Soon h e began to envy t h e priest w h o could c a r r y t h e Blessed S a c r a m e n t . T h e n a s h e w a s h a u n t e d by t h e longing to m a k e his F i r s t Communion b e was h a u n t e d by t h e longing to become a priest. B u t it w a s somet h i n g so g r e a t ! So holy a life! How d a r e he t o aspire t o i t ! W a s it not p r e s u m p t u o u s of h i m ?

j

|

A t last one day, s u m m o n i n g his courage, h e went to t h e p r i e s t w h o "looked after t h e Holy F a t h e r ' s children in P a r i s . " and told him of j his ambition. T h e F a t h e r a n s w e r e d s m i l i n g : "My dear boy, I always ! t h o u g h t you would be a priest. ! T h e r e is no presumption in y o u r wish. Let your mind r e s t a n d be happy. Only be very g r a t e f u l . God h a s been very good t o you. Love H i m with y o u r whole h e a r t and e v e r y t h i n g will come r i g h t for y o u . " T h e lad was placed in a p r e p a r a t o r y school until h e could e n t e r t h e college of s t u d e n t s for t h e priesthood. T h e w a i t i n g w a s sweet, he did not find it long. E v e r y t h i n g in his life w a s c e n t e r e d on H i m W h o w as so n e a r , u n d e r t h e s a m e roof a s it w e r e , a n d Whose presence seemed t o p e r v a d e all space and t i m e . S t e p by s t e p h e a d v a n c e d n e a r t h e a l t a r , till h e was ordained sub-deacon. Then h e could t a k e his p a r t in t h e High Mass a n d be certain t h e g r e a t day would come soon. r

A t last he w a s a p r i e s t ! He could in his t u r n look a f t e r t h e Holy F a t h e r ' s children in P a r i s .

Margo Soap An u n i q u e s o a p for toilet, h y g i e n i c a n d a n t i s e p t i c purposes, c o n t a i n i n g . N f c g M X M E t t f f t t y p u r e s t f o r m . It is pleasant in your bath and toilet and is unsurpassed in its antiseptic, cleansing and emollient properties. Physicians use it in all skin affections.

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6

HOLY ROSARY

FATHER COUGHLIN .

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EXPLAINS CATHOLIC SOCIAL DEVOTION

FOR T H E MONTH O F

The month of May, as it is ostentatiously called the Month of Mary, is the sweetest, the most joyous portion of the ecclesiastical year. "The earth burets forth into its fresh foliage and its green grass; blossoms are upon the trees and flowers are in the gardens, and such gladness and joyousness of external nature is a fit attendant of our devotion to her who is the Mystical Rose and House of Gold." (Newman). During the whole month, everywhere in Catholic countries, the praises of Mary are heard in churches, and in Christian homes. To encourage the faithful in the practice of this devotion so pleasing to the Blessed Virgin Mary and of such spiritual profit to the faithful, Pope Pius VII, by a Rescript of 21st March, 1815 granted indulgences for every little act of piety done by the faithful. In the same way, the Holy Father Leo XIII, dedicated the month of October, in a special manner, to Mary "Queen of the Holy Rosary," and desired the Rosary to be said daily during that month. The magnificent tributes paid to the Holy Rosary by the Roman Pontiffs are many. Urban VIII calls the Rosary the Propagator of Christianity; Clement VII, the Power and Security of the faithful; Gregory XIII, the A p peaser of the anger of God; and the Rainbow of peace; Gregory XIV, the Destroyer of sin; Paul V, the Treasury of grace. The origin of the Holy Rosary was the outcome of the memorable victory of Lepanto achieved by Don John of Austria, on October 7, 1571, while the members of the Confraternity of the Rosary at Rome were making special supplication for the success of the Christian arms, and Pope Pius V. ordered that an annual commemoration should be made of "St. Mary Victory." Gregory XIII instituted the feast of our Lady of the Rosary on the first Sunday in October for all churches which had a chapel or altar dedicated to the Blessed Virgin under that title. Clement X ex tended the feast to all the dominions of the Spanish King. The Emperor Leopold approached Innocent XII with a request to extend the feast to the whole Christendom, but the Pope died before he was able to do so. A t last, after another victory had been obtained over the Turks in 1710 by the Emperor Charles VL and Corfu been freed from Turkish besiegers in the same year, Clement XI made the feast of universal observance. The lections of t h e Second Noeturn, which contain a history of the origin of the feast, were added under Benedict Xin, and later on revised by Leo XIII, who also added the invocation "Regina Sacratissimi RosarT' to the Litany of Loreto. Let us now see what is the nature of the Holy Rosary. It is a formula of prayer, in honour of the Blessed Mother, of God in which fifteen decades of Aves, each decade being preceded by a Pater and followed by a Gloria, are recited on beads. A mystery is contemplated during the recital of each decade. The Rosary is divided into three parts, each consisting of five decades, and known as a Corona or Chaplet. In the first Chaplet the five joyful mysteries are the subjects of contemplationâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Viz., the Annunciation, Visitation, the Birth of our Lord, His Presentation in the Temple, His being found after three days' loss. The sorrowful mysteries contemplated in the second Chaplet are the Agony in the garden, the Scourging, the Crowning with the thorns, the Carrying of the Cross, the Crucifixion. The glorious mysteries, which are alloted to the third Chaplet are the Ressurection of Christ, His Ascension, the Descent of the Holy Ghost, the Assumption and the Coronation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The practice of using beads, as a help in reciting a set number of prayers is not distinctively christian, though it has long been existing in the Church. A careful retrospect into the history of the Rosary presents several factors which reveal traces of the use of something corresponding to beads. The original meaning of the "Holy Rosary" is very doubtful. It is thought most likely that the word was used in a mystical sense and meant Mary's rose-garden. It was also called "Psalterium Marianum"' because of the number of 150 Aves. The Aves recited in the Rosary are as many roses, out of which are formed fifteen garlands, offered to the Queen of Heaven; hence the name "Rosary" given to this devotion. ^ , In order that the Rosary may have

OCTOBER

its essential worth and merit, and the Indulgences attached to it by the Sovereign Pontiffs may be gained, it is not enough to recite it with attention and due reverence; but a short meditation on each of the fifteen most important mysteries of our Redemption which is proposed at each decade, is also necessary. Without this meditation, the Rosary is, no doubt, a good prayer, but it will not be the Rosary, taught by the B. Virgin to the Patriarch St. Dominic, and enriched with so many Indulgences by the Roman Pontiffs. And the reason is, that the "Our Father" and "Hail Mary" are, as it were, the body of the Rosary but the mysteries are its soul. Therefore, in order to derive fruit from it, and to gain at the same time, the many indulgences wherebjf it was enriched by the Sovereign Pontiffs, the meditation on its mysteries is essential. Accordingly, the Sacred Congregation of Indulgences has decided that the Indulgences are not gained by anyone, who, on purpose, omits such meditation, although he would at the same time meditate on some other truth as on death, judgment, hell, heaven, eternity It is necessary, however, to note that for the consolation of the illiterate and of such persons as have little capacity for contemplation, and in order to encourage them to continue the practice of reciting the Rosary, Pope Benedict XIII decreed that all such can gain the Indulgences, who recite it with due piety and reverence; he wishes, however, that they accustom themselves to consider a little, as well as they can, the same mysteries. By Pope Leo XIII, who laboured during his pontificate to revive the devotion to the Holy Rosary, it was decided that those who read the meditation on each mystery from a prayer book can gain the Indulgence without further meditation. There is no devotion so enriched with Indulgences, by the Church, as the Holy Rosary. To the same beads may be granted three kinds of indulgences: first, the Indulgences imparted to Rosaries blessed by the Master-General of the Regular Canons of St. Augustine of the Order of the Holy Cross, commonly called "Crosier Cannons;" Second, the Apostlic Indulgences; third, the Rosary Indulgences. Indeed, next to the Holy sacrifice of the Mass, the Sacraments and the Divine office, there is no devotion, more efficacious in obtaining the necessary grace for the protection of the Church and of civil society, and for the salvation of man. All Christians, desirous of their salvation, should practise this devotion. How many souls tending to perfection but hindered by continual temptations are, by means of this admissible devotion, enabled in a short time to achieve a complete and glorious victory over the infernal enemy. In St. Francis De Sales, we find a striking example of the curing power of the Holy Rosary. When Francis was seventeen years old, he was assailed by a temptation that almost brought him to the brink of despair. The idea took possession of his mind that he was not in a state of grace and that, whatever he could do, he would never be of the number of the elect. During six weeks, he suffered awfully and he did not recover his peace of mind till he knelt one day before the altar of our Lady and vowed to recite daily the chaplet if the Blessed Mother would obtain relief for his soul. The temptation disappeared all at once and we read that St. Francis never failed to recite the Rosary even on days he had undergone the greatest fatigue. During the thirteenth century, in the days of St. Dominic and his friars, very stupendous and marvellous things were wrought through the recital of the Rotary. The conversions which were made at that time were beyond all reckoning. The Albigensian heresy received its death-blow. In the days of the crusade, Christian armies though much inferior in number to the odds of the Turks, scored signal victories over them by the power of the Holy Rosary. Leo XIII, in one of his encyclical letters, recommends the Holy Rosary as our chief means of defence against the pernicious influences of secret societies. The acknowledged aim of such societies, is to overthrow the Church and to upset civil society. Against them, the faithful are called upon to use the same weapon, that was used with success, upwards of six hundred years ago, against the enemies of the Church and civil society, viz., the Holy Rosary. For

F a t h e r Wilfrid Parsons, S.J., editor of t h e weekly New Y o r k Catholic journal "America," h a s criticised F a t h e r Coughlin, t h e Detroit (U.S.A.) radio p r i e s t ' s public s t a t e m e n t s about b a n k s and public control. T h e Buffalo E c h o defends F a t h e r Coughlin t h u s : " F a t h e r Wilfrid Parsons, S.J., t h e editor of t h e Jesuit weekly, * America,' like all t h e Catholic critics of F a t h e r Coughlin falls into t h e erroneous conclusion, d r a w n from 87 letters, t h a t 'Coughlinites' by and large, a r e a rabid lot blindly following t h e ' p a t r o n saint in D e t r o i t / W e v e n t u r e to a s s e r t on t h e c o n t r a r y t h a t t h e v a s t majorit y a r e s a n e a n d sensible A m e r i cans, of which a goodly percentage is Catholic who, disgusted w i t h t h e impotency of c u r r e n t A m e r i can s t a t e s m a n s h i p , see in F a t h e r Coughlin's efforts t h e first real a t tempt to translate the saving social doctrines of t h e Church into effective action. " F a t h e r Coughlin's p r o g r a m m e undoubtedly contains certain w e a k n e s s and h e h a s undeniably m a d e a n u m b e r of mistakes, b u t t h e r e is a c o u r a g e in t h i s first a t t e m p t t o t a k e d o w n t h e s e glorious doctrines from d u s t y shelves ins t e a d of leaving t h e m wrapped in g l i t t e r i n g generalities t h a t b r i n g s applause and a d h e r e n c e even from t h o s e w h o recognise in t h e leader a compost of h u m a n weaknesses a n d in t h e applications t h e possibility of n e c e s s a r y alterations. " F a t h e r P a r s o n s , like his fellow critics, scores a questionable point a g a i n s t t h e D e t r o i t Reformer by c h a r g i n g F a t h e r Coughlin's followe r s w i t h ignorance of t h e t r u e m e a n i n g of his proposals. A p a r t from t h e fact t h a t t h i s indictment should be carefully distinguished, for a degree of ignorance m u s t surely be a d m i t t e d , still w h a t social j u s t i c e proposal in a democr a c y ever h a s o r ever will h a v e t h e sponsorship of millions based on a clear u n d e r s t a n d i n g of all implications sufficient to remove t h e c h a r g e of i g n o r a n c e in t h e a n t i Coughlin s e n s e ? Whatever the final a n s w e r t o t h i s charge, however, a n y r e f o r m p r o g r a m m e no m a t t e r by w h o m evolved m u s t in t h e final analysis rely upon a v a s t a m o u n t of s u p p o r t t h a t h a s f a i t h in both t h e f u n d a m e n t a l principles and t h e leader. I t would seem b e t t e r to drop t h i s p a r t of t h e indictment a g a i n s t F a t h e r Coughlin a n d t u r n t o a close and critical exa m i n a t i o n of t h e proposals t h e m selves. "This, unfortunately, has not y e t been done b y t h e Catholic critics of t h e D e t r o i t Radio o r a t o r , a t least so f a r a s his money proposals a r e concerned. T h e s e have been dismissed w i t h such t h r u s t s as 'inflation,' 'one way money,' ' m o n e t a r y m i r a g e ' and similar offhand jabs. T h e Coughlin money proposals a r e clearly contained in t h e 'Banki n g and M o n e t a r y Control Act of 7

it is the devotion most highly extolled by the Roman Pontiffs and universally practised in the Church. "Oh, Mother, in, and by you, are all those blessed, who practise this most efficacious devotion, which B. Alanue calls "a treasury of graces, and heavenly favours." You will be their light and secure guide amid the mazea and intricacies of this life, their consolation in affections, their strength in adversity. You will be their impenetrable shield against all the fiery darts of the most wicked one, against the combined enemies of earth and hell." S. ADAIKALAM.

DOCTRINE.

1935, Sec. 10, b, c, and d in which, in effect, it is proposed gradually to issue sufficient money to enable t h e b a n k i n g s y s t e m of t h e country a f t e r several y e a r s , to operate on t h e 100 per cent, instead of the 10 p e r cent, s y s t e m . " T h e 100 per cent, system cannot in t h e face of its origin and sponsorship, be b r u s h e d aside with off-hand t h r u s t s of 'inflation' and other scareheads. P e r h a p s it is not t h e s y s t e m w e should adopt, b u t t h e anti-Coughlinites, F a t h e r P a r s o n s included, h a v e not even deigned t o discuss t h i s proposal. T h e y cannot object t o t h e growing suspicion t h a t t h e y a r e unaware of i t s existence as well a s i t s nature. F o r t h e m be it h e r e a n d now recorded t h a t in M a r c h , 1935, Professor I r v i n g F i s h e r published his '100% Money' (Adelphi P r e s s ) , in which t h e n a t u r e , history and sponsorship of t h i s m o n e t a r y and b a n k i n g p r o g r a m m e is clearly expounded. T h e Coughlin critics

FAR EASTERN MUSIC SCHOOL 1-A, Kirk Terrace (Off D h o b y G h a u t ) SINGAPORE. T h e only and oldest institution of its kind in Singapore with up-to-date equipment. Had gained a series of successes in t h e T r i n i t y College Examinations in t h e p a s t . N o age restriction. W r i t e for particulars. M. A N C I A N O . Principal. should not leave off t h e i r critical discussion; r a t h e r t h e y should begin t h e i r e x a m i n a t i o n anew in the light of t h i s i n f o r m a t i o n which is a p p a r e n t l y new t o t h e m . " M a y we in conclusion suggest to all Catholic critics of F a t h e r Coughlin, first, t h a t t h e y cease dubbing his Catholic following, or a large portion of it, as blind and rabid, if only t o a v e r t from all of us, who should h a v e been leading our own people, t h e condemnation of culpable i n a c t i o n ; secondly, t h a t t h e y cease a c t i n g and talking a s t h o u g h all t h e m o n e t a r y wisdom of t h e a g e s w a s exhausted in t h e Federal R e s e r v e Act, and give unprejudiced consideration to the m e a t , not t h e r h e t o r i c , of these Coughlin p r o p o s a l s ; and finally t h a t we p r a y e r f u l l y go about finding a w a y o u t of t h e present t h r e a t e n i n g s i t u a t i o n into which o u r lack of l e a d e r s h i p and general inaction h a s led us, and which has been m a d e p o i g n e n t l y apparent by t h e Coughlin p h e n o m e n o n . " (Catholic

Leader,

Brisbane)

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PETER CHONG'S Priests and People in Ireland. What the Catholic Church is and what She teaches, Adventiste Doctrines, Archaic Religions, Galileo and his Condemnations, HackePs Frauds & Forgeries, The Arch Liar Froude, Man's Great Concern, etc.


MALAYA

ST.

TERESA

OF

CATHOLIC L E A D E R ,

SATURDAY,

LISIEUX.

A SHORT LIFE HISTORY OF THE LITTLE FLOWER.

5th OCTOBER, 1935.

CHRISTIANITY IN ABYSSINIA. (Continued

from page 1)

new Vicar Apostolic was not discouraged. H e continued to t r a i n missionaries. H e h a d t h e m learn t h e l a n g u a g e of t h e country. H e had a catechism, t h e Gospels, a g r a m m a r and a prayer-bx)k p r i n t ed in t h e E t h i o p i a n l a n g u a g e . Little by little t h e m > isionaries r e t u r n e d and t h e chapels w e r e opened.

him to a n o t h e r post, b u t t h e lepers besought t h e Bishop to leave him with t h e m a n d t h e i r wish w a s St. Teresa of t h e Child J e s u s P r a y e r to St. Teresa of t h e Child granted. Jesus (Mary-Frances-Teresa Martin) Capuchins and V i n c e n t i a n s . O St. T e r e s a of t h e Child J e s u s , was born of saintly p a r e n t s at T h e V i c a r i a t e Apostolic of Galla who d u r i n g t h y short life on e a r t h Alencon on Jan. 2, 1873. H e r in Southern Abyssinia is e n t r u s t e d childhood w a s passed in t h e deeply became a m i r r o r of angelic p u r i t y , to Capuchins from t h e Province of devout a t m o s p h e r e of a n ideal of love s t r o n g a s d e a t h a n d of Toulouse. I t h a s a b o u t 6,900 Cawhole-hearted abandonment to Catholic home, a n d in spite of God, now t h a t t h o u rejoicest in t h e tholics out of a total population of every obstacle s h e s o u g h t a per- r e w a r d of t h y virtues, c a s t a 6,800,000. T h e 24 Capuchin F a N e w Hope Comes. sonal interview w i t h Leo X I I I a n d glance of pity on me a s I leave all In 1889, t h e accession of Menelik t h e r s a r e a s s i s t e d by 10 n a t i v e obtained from h i m t h e e x t r a o r d i - t h e s e t h i n g s in t h y h a n d s . M a k e II b r o u g h t t o t h e missionaries t h e priests, four Capuchin F r i a r s , 11 nary permission t o e n t e r Carmei m y troubles t h i n e o w n — s p e a k a hope t h a t t h e g o v e r n m e n t would B r o t h e r s of S t . Gabriel, 31 F r a n at the a g e of fifteen. H e r life in word for m e t o our L a d y I m m a c u be more favourable to t h e m . T h e ciscan S i s t e r s of Calais, a n d 32 The this vigorous and enclosed O r d e r late, whose flower of special love beginning of t h i s reign, however, native F r a n c i s c a n Oblates. was a perfect oblation of herself thou w e r t — t o t h a t Queen of H e a - was m a r k e d by a t r a g e d y — t h e Vicariate h a s five c h u r c h e s and 14 to the Divine Will. G r e a t conso- ven " w h o smiled on t h e e a t t h e m u r d e r by b r i g a n d s of two Capu- chapels. dawn of life." Beg h e r a s Queen T h e V i c a r i a t e Apostolic of A b y s chins, F a t h e r A m b r o i s e i e Ciriere lations, h e a v y crosses a n d contiof t h e H e a r t of J e s u s t o o b t a i n for and B r o t h e r Ambroise d'Etoile. sinia, in t h e central section, is nual sufferings, accepted w i t h a n m e by h e r powerful intercession Of There w e r e o t h e r r e g r e t t a b l e in- served by t h e V i n c e n t i a n s . absolute child-like disposition t o - t h e grace I y e a r n for so a r d e n t l y 6,000,000 i n h a b i t a n t s , a b o u t 3,000 cidents due t o t h e hostility of t h e wards A l m i g h t y God, w ere t h e a t t h i s m o m e n t , and t h a t s h e join Coptic clergy, w h o often a r o u s e d a r e Catholics. T h e 11 V i n c e n t i a n s characteristics of h e r religious w i t h it a blessing t h a t m a y s t r e n g t h e people a g a i n s t t h e Catholic — e i g h t F r e n c h , one D u t c h a n d t w o life. She w a s filled w i t h t h e desire t h e n m e d u r i n g life, defend m e a t E t h i o p i a n — a r e assisted by 13 n a priests. of winning souls for O u r Lord. j t h e h o u r of d e a t h and lead m e tive secular p r i e s t s , t w o Monks, B u t Bishop T a u r i n displayed In her a u t o b i o g r a p h y , w r i t t e n un- s t r a i g h t on t o a happy e t e r n i t y . such a d m i r a b l e zeal, particularly in two Vincentian B r o t h e r s , 20 n a t i v e ( F r o m " T h e G a t e s of der obedience, s h e l a y s b a r e t h e Amen. times of pestilence and f a m i n e , Sisters and 10 c a t e c h i s t s . secrets of t h e p r o g r e s s of h e r soul { Mercy") In E r i t r e a . t h a t t h e populace finally realised in sanctity, and tells of t h e p r o T h e V i c a r i a t e Apostolic of E r i What Is A Novena? t h a t it h a d been u n j u s t t o w a r d t h e mises t h a t Our L o r d m a d e to h e r A Novena consists of nine conCatholics a n d found it n a t u r a l f o r t r e a to t h e n o r t h is served b y I t a lian Capuchins from T u r i n . Of of a g r e a t mission t o t h e m o d e r n t i n u o u s d a y s of special p r a y e r a n d t h e E m p e r o r t o s u m m o n m a n y of world t h a t should be e n t r u s t e d t o good works, in order to o b t a i n s o m e t h e m t o i m p o r t a n t places a t t h e t h e 476,000 i n h a b i t a n t s t h e r e a r e signal favour from A l m i g h t y God. Court. W h e n Bishop T a u r i n died about 5,600 foreign a n d 31,000 her after h e r d e a t h . It is an efficacious form of i n t e r c e s in 1899, t h e f u t u r e of the mission Ethiopian Catholics. T h e 26 CapuWith e n t i r e h u m i l i t y a n d u t t e r sion, m o s t ancient in i t s origin, be- seemed definitely assured. chins a r e a s s i s t e d by 65 E t h i o p i a n conviction s h e said on h e r d e a t h - ing derived from t h e N o v e n a of Bishop A n d r e J a r r o s s e a u , w h o priests, n i n e Capuchin F r i a r s , 76 bed, " I do not i n t e n d t o r e m a i n P r e p a r a t i o n m a d e by our Blessed foreign and 78 E t h i o p i a n S i s t e r s . inactive in heaven. I w i s h t o go L a d y of t h e Apostles, a t t h e com- to-day, a t t h e age of 80, is t h e T h e P r e f e c t u r e Apostolic of Vicar Apostolic of Galla, succeeded on w o r k i n g for t h e C h u r c h a n d for m a n d of O u r L o r d Himself, f o r t h e Kaffa, to t h e west, e n t r u s t e d t o t h e souls." S h e a s s e r t e d t h a t s h e would coming of t h e Holy G h o s t on t h e Mgr. T a u r i n . D u r i n g his t e n u r e Missionaries of t h e Consolata of of office welfare w o r k s , hospitals, spend her heaven doing good up- d a y of P e n t e c o s t . dispensaries and o r p h a n g e s h a v e T u r i n , h a s a population of 2,000,000 on earth: t h a t God would do e v e r y N o set f o r m of devotional e x e r - multiplied. H e founded a petit a m o n g w h o m a r e 70 foreign a n d thing s h e wished in h e a v e n b e c a u s e cises or p r a y e r s is p r e s c r i b e d . s e m i n a r y for t h e 1,760 E t h i o p i a n Catholics. I t h a s she h a d n e v e r done h e r own will Catholic i n s t i n c t will itself direct and a grand t r a i n i n g of n a t i v e clergy, a n d t h e two c h u r c h e s a n d e i g h t chapels. upon e a r t h : t h a t s h e would let fall a n y o n e m a k i n g a novena t o f r e T h e n u m b e r of conversions r e F r a n c i s c a n S i s t e r s of Calais h a v e from heaven upon her suppliants q u e n t t h e S a c r a m e n t s a n d t o h e a r m a i n s limited. T h e g r e a t e s t oppo* a n o v i t i a t e for n a t i v e S i s t e r s . H e a wondrous shower of heavenly M a s s daily if possible, a n d t o r e c i t e h a s founded p r i m a r y and t r a i n i n g sition to t h e spread of t h e apostofavours—"Roses" a s s h e called t h e R o s a r y d u r i n g t h e s e n i n e d a y s schools in which t h e Catholic y o u t h late comes from t h e Schismatic them—given in answer t o prayer, of p r a y e r . I t is r e c o m m e n d e d , B u t h i s Coptic clergy. N e v e r t h e l e s s , t h e in order t h a t s h e so m i g h t win for however, t h a t t h e approved p r a y e r begin t h e i r education. Our Lord " a legion of souls," w h o , t o St. Teresa, printed above, should most o u t s t a n d i n g work is a p r o j e c t prestige a n d influence of t h e Cain the m i d s t of t h e perplexities a n d b e recited every day. which w a s conceived by h i s p r e - I tholic C h u r c h in t h e c o u n t r y a r e considerable. T h i s w a s affirmed complete life of t h e m o d e r n world, decessor—a leper colony. A l w a y s associated w i t h p r a y e r six y e a r s a g o by t h e visit of t h e should t r a v e l along h e r own little in Catholic teaching, a s g i v i n g a A G r e a t C h r i s t i a n Work. E m p e r o r a n d E m p r e s s to t h e V a t i child-like w a y t o w a r d s s p i r i t u a l special efficacy to it, a r e f a s t i n g It is said t h a t t h e r e w e r e perfection, and be wholly devoted a n d alms-deeds. F e w find t h e m - I t h o u s a n d s of lepers in Abyssinia can and by t h e reception of t h e to t h e i n t e r e s t s of t h e Sacred selves able to f a s t or p e r h a p s i m a - I and n o t h i n g h a d ever been done Pontifical Mission sent b y t h e Holy F a t h e r to t h e Court of E t h i o p i a a s Heart. gine t h e m s e l v e s unable t o f a s t a t ; effectively t o check t h e scourge. an exchange of courtesies. Both Catholic and P r o t e s t a n t m i s She died in t h e odour of s a n c t i t y t h e s e t i m e s , b u t all a t l e a s t can E m p e r o r Haile Selassie, w h o in the y e a r 1897. A l m o s t im- give alms. A n d our a l m s - g i v i n g sions h a d modest dispensaries, b u t went to Ireland to w i t n e s s t h e mediately a f t e r h e r d e a t h e x t r a o r - should involve s o m e t h i n g of modi- t h e r e w a s no special institution for Tailteann Games in 1924—he w a s dinary favours b e g a n t o b e a t t r i - fication; t o give a w a y w h a t we do t h e c a r e of lepers. Groups of then Prince R a s Taffari—is a pupil buted t o h e r i n t e r c e s s i o n . N o w not w a n t , a pitiably m e a n t h i n g , them, living w i t h o u t medical c a r e and in m i s e r y and filth, can still j of Catholic missionaries. A l t h o u g h the records of t h e t h o u s a n d s of and is scarcely w o r t h calling a be seen in E t h i o p i a n towns. T h e y j he is not a Catholic, he h a s always these favours h a v e become too g i v i n g of a l m s . In t r u e c h a r i t y go t h r o u g h t h e s t r e e t s b e g g i n g j shown t h e g r e a t e s t tolerance f o r numerous for p r i n t e d record. T h e t h e r e should be self-denial a n d Catholics despite s t r o n g opposition. alms given j bread. cause of h e r canonization m a d e self-sacrifice. Such He braved excommunication by t h e rapid p r o g r e s s . In A u g u s t 1921 because t h e poor and t h e affilicted In 1901 Bishop J a r r o s s e a u dethe title of " V e n e r a b l e " w a s con- a r e t h e appointed r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s cided to found a leper colony. H e Abyssinian A b u n a in c o n t r i b u t i n g ferred upon her. In April 1923 of Our Lord, t o whom w e m a y built it outside t h e walls of H a r a r considerable s u m s to t h e c o n s t r u c He she was beatified a n d in M a y 1925 m i n i s t e r in t h e i r person, p r e p a r e and invited t h e lepers to live t h e r e . tion of Catholic i n s t i t u t i o n s . the Holy F a t h e r , Pope P i u s XI, o u r h e a r t s t o receive t h e special F a t h e r Marie B e r n a r d of Cahors, has not f o r g o t t e n t h a t it is to a solemnly proclaimed h e r to be favours of God and s t r e n g t h e n our with t h e aid of t w o Sisters, direct- Catholic p r i e s t , Abba Samuel, h e owes his life. R a s Taffari was a p r a y e r s a t h o u s a n d fold. among t h e " S a i n t s " in H e a v e n . ed t h e colony, giving religious in- pupil of A b b a Samuel when, in struction to t h e lepers and supply- 1915, he w a s shipwrecked in one ing t h e m w i t h food and clothing. ! of t h e E t h i o p i a n lakes. A b b a SaTelephone No. 7843. Since t h e n t h e colony has deve- j muel saved t h e life of t h e Prince loped steadily. More t h a n 200 but lost his o w n j n the_effort. lepers h a v e died t h e r e after receivT H E V I C T O R I A CONFECTIONERY & S T O R E ing spiritual and material comforts Rather be marked by woe, than sin, and care d u r i n g t h e i r lives a n d ; For e'en the gloomiest thread will spin 71, Victoria Street, A cloak to hide a body bare; Christian consolation a t t h e h o u r SINGAPORE. of d e a t h . E a c h leper lives in a little j But sin makes naught for soul to hut. T h e r e a r e s e p a r a t e sections wear. for t h e men and t h e women. N o j * * * * Wedding Cakes a Speciality r e s t r a i n t is placed upon t h e m o t h e r Seek first, wealth of the soul, t h a n t h a t t h e y m u s t avoid all conRather than that of earth; Assorted Cakes Maker, Tea P a r t y Supplier. tact w ith those "norTsuffering from Die all things that have here their t h e disease. T h e y find in t h e colony j Hot and Cold Drinks, etc. birth, all t h e physical and moral c a r e But bliss eternal is our goal. t h a t t h e i r pitiable s t a t e d e m a n d s . Proprietor Taken from POEMS & THOUGHTS They also h a v e a school. IN VERSE by P. P. J. Ec~e:kerman, T h e leprosarium is now directed JOSEPH CHONG S I N TONG price 1 sh. net, obtainable of Arthur H. by F a t h e r Charles. Some t i m e a g o Stockwell, Ltd., 29 Ludgate Hill, London, E.C. 4. t h e r e w a s some t h o u g h t of m o v i n g ;

T

1

:

r


8

" Every child

A BEAUTY OF PLAINNESS. LOOK

AROUND

YOUR HOME A N D IT IS TRUE.

D o e s t h a t s o u n d all w r o n g ? Well, I'll explain. W e h a v e gone a long w a y f r o m t h e d a y s of a n t i macassars, mats under everything, in t h e early V i c t o r i a n t i m e s , b u t w e d o n ' t love o u r h o m e s a n y t h e less for t h a t . Y e t even t o - d a y some women have a tendency to surround themselves w i t h too m a n y t h i n g s , t o h a v e m a n y nick-nacks a n d ornam e n t s - c a n d l e s a n d s t i c k s a n d booke n d s a n d books, c u s h i o n s of every s o r t , n e v e r m e a n t t o u s e a n d cert a i n l y not t o t h r o w on t h e floor b e f o r e t h e fire t o s i t o n ! W h o e v e r h e a r d of s u c h a t h i n g ! B u t b e a u t y a s I see it consists in a room w i t h a v e r y plain wallp a p e r , p r e f e r a b l y of dappled gold colour w h i c h looks a s if t h e s u n w a s s h i n i n g on t h e walls all t h e time. T h e n l a r g e p l a i n pieces of f u r n i t u r e , a s few a s possible, inPASS IT ON. Have

you had a kindness shown? Pass it on: 'Twas not given for you alone. Pass it on: Let it travel down the years, Let it wipe another's tears. Till in heaven the deed appears: Pass it on: Did you hear a loving word? Pass it on: Like the singing of a bird, Pass it on: Let the music live and grow, Let it cheer another's woe. You have reaped what other's Pass it on:

sow-

'Twas

the sunshine of a smile. Pass it on: Staying but a little while. Pass it on: April beam, a little thing. Still it wakes the flowers of Spring. Makes the silent birds to sing: Pass it on: Have

you found a heavenly light? Pass it on: Souls are groping in the night. Daylight gone: Hold thy lighted lamp on high. Be a star in someone's sky. He may live who else may die— Pass it on:

s t e a d of all s o r t s of occasional c h a i r s and t a b l e s . A few f a t useful cushions, w h i c h can be s a t on w i t h o u t c a u s i n g a domestic u p h e v a l ! A shelf of books (no room is furnished w i t h o u t some b o o k s ) . O n e or t w o b i g j a r s of flowers if possible, o r a s h e a f of a u t u m n leaves p e r h a p s . A few, t h r e e a t m o s t , really lovely p i c t u r e s on t h e walls, or not a n y . No g r o u p s , e n l a r g e m e n t s of r e l a t i o n s in stiff a t t i t u d e s , or pict u r e s painted b y myself w h e n fifteen. One cannot b a n i s h p h o t o g r a p h s a l t o g e t h e r , of c o u r s e , b u t I t h i n k schoolboy a n d girl g r o u p s a r e best in t h e schoolboy o r girl b e d r o o m ; family groups in an album accessible w h e n r e q u i r e d , b u t not d o t t e d all o v e r t h e p i a n o , sideb o a r d , a n d e v e r y available corner a n d niche.

YOU'LL

T h e r e is b e a u t y in p l a i n n e s s as you can easily t e s t for yourself. If you h a v e a r o o m w h i c h does n o t satisfy your idea of good looks, go t h r o u g h it carefully, eliminating a t least one o u t of e v e r y t h r e e articles. Never m i n d for t h e mom e n t w h e t h e r you m a y need t h e m t h e r e or not. E l i m i n a t e first. T h e n w h e n you h a v e y a u r room nice a n d almost b a r e - h a v e a r e a r r a n g e m e n t of t h i n g s j u s t a little t o balance t h e room properly. T h e n if you m u s t p u t back s o m e of t h e t h i n g s you h a v e t a k e n a w a y , p u t t h e m back only s p a r i n g ly, and in a s u n o b t r u s i v e places a s possible. Now s t a n d in t h e doorw a y a n d look a t it. V e r y m u c h m o r e a r t i s t i c I ' m s u r e you will find, a n d easier t o keep clean, too, A window-sill f o r i n s t a n c e , clutt e r e d u p with i n n u m e r a b l e ash t r a y s , flower vases, fancy boxes a n d so on is difficult t o d u s t p r o perly a n d often m a k e s one s h i r k it. R e m o v e all b u t one or two v a s e s of flowers, a n d it is a simple thing every morning to put a speck of polish o n t h e d u s t e r , and r u b u p a n d down-and t h e r e you h a v e a s h i n i n g window-ledge which is a j o y t o t h e eye, reflects b i t s of s k y a n d t r e e , a n d t h e flowers you h a v e l e f t — a n d is restful. Overcrowded r o o m s , like overcrowded v i s t a s a r e v e r y h a r m f u l to n e r v e s , and really do b o t h e r one's eye-sight. T h e b e s t w a y to r e s t t h e eyes w h e n t i r e d is t o t a k e t h e m off one's w o r k , a n d look out if one c a n — a c r o s s t h e i n t e r v e n i n g land, t o t h e horizon. To m a n y of us t h i s is not possible b u t a t least we can s a v e ourselves f r o m look ing at a clutter! HASTE

AND

needs milk

SEE

HURRY.

H a s t e is one t h i n g a n d h u r r y is q u i t e a r o t h e r . H a s t e , like a railr o a d t r a i n , goes s t r a i g h t a n d swiftly on its w a y t o i t s t e r m i n a l . H u r r y , like a n aeroplane in a count e r c u r r e n t or buffeted b y h e a d winds, goes zigzag. H a s t e helps. H u r r y is b u t h a p h a z a r d . I t is usually t h e fretful m i n d t h a t seeks to do t h i n g s in a hurry. The trained mind hastens methodically. Speed is n o t necessarily d e t e r m i n e d by t h e n u m b e r of t i m e s t h e wheel goes around. T h e r e is such a t h i n g a s lost motion. O r t h e belts m a y be slipping. H u r r y merely m a r k s t i m e , while h a s t e m a r c h e s directly i n t o camp. O r d i n a r l y t h e r e is no call for e i t h e r h a s t e or h u r r y , b u t w h e n t h e u r g e is on, e v e r y force m u s t be m a r s h a l l e d a n d swift r e s u l t s are brought about by making hasteBehind t h e w o r k m u s t be t h e careful, p r e d e t e r m i n e d plan and t h e resolute, resourceful mind which accurately a i m s t h e efforts, b u t t h e r e m u s t be no h u r r y . H u r r y misdirects e n e r g y . H u r r y m a k e s friction. P l a n y o u r j o b in a d v a n c e . Go a t it calmly and w i t h r e s e r v e power. Be s u r e you a r e r i g h t , a n d then go ahead—swiftly, a c c u r a t e l y , grimly, intelligently. B u t . w h a t e v e r you do, do n o t hurry.

every day"

"MILKMAID" MILK HELP

TO

RECIPES.

HOLINESS.

I t is possible t o t r y t o b e good i in a w r o n g w a y . It m a y be selfI e s t e e m t h a t p r o m p t s o u r di$j q u i e t u d e a t o u r spiritual s t a t e . All o u r perfections lie in o u r will—not I in our b r a i n s or in a n y o t h e r p a r t of u s — a n d o u r sole endeavour should be t o k e e p our wills s t r a i g h t t o w a r d s God. All s o r t s of influences a r e t r y i n g to deflect us to one side or an: o t h e r , and o u r course will be very | zig-zag, b u t t h a t doesn't m a t t e r j m u c h , so long a s t h e m a i n t e n d e n I c y is r i g h t . T h e K i n g d o m of God is w i t h i n u s , not in o u r s u r r o u n d i n g s , a n d so long as our h e a r t s a r e irrevocably g i v e n to o u r Spouse, a n d albeit t h e oblation m u s t be c o n s t a n t l y r e newed, t h e n all is well w i t h u s . H a p p i n e s s is finally a t t a i n e d even h e r e , not by selecting its conditions ourselves, but by acc o m m o d a t i n g ourselves, a t w h a t e v e r cost, to God's p l a n s . 1

PATIENCE. P a t i e n c e to-day, m y soul, tom o r r o w will b r i n g w h a t e v e r God w i l l s ; m e a n w h i l e , let u s do t h e will of t h e Lord. Y e s t e r d a y is past, a n d n o t h i n g m o r e r e m a i n s of i t s sufferings; t h e m e r i t of i t would r e m a i n h a d I offered it t o God. To-day, I will m e r i t b y m y sufferings. To-day i s only one d a y and does not signify much. M y God! Can I do less t h a n offer T h e e t h e troubles, t h e sufferings, t h e f a t i g u e s of a single d a y ? M a y t h o s e of t h i s d a y be all f o r T h y l o v e ; I offer t h e m t o T h e e for t h e H e a r t of J e s u s , a n d in t h a n k s g i v i n g for all T h y benefits. NO N E E D TO WORRY. A n angry shopman ran around the counter and seized the customer by the arm. "Do you know, madam," he blurted, "that your dog has eaten a pound of my best fresh country butter," and The customer disengaged her arm, and regarded him coldly: "Ob, well," she replied, "if you're quite sure it was your best butter and that it really did come from the country, I don't think it will do him any harm. * * * * * * THE LIMIT. Along tht country road walked a man ar.J a woman. The latter was bullying the meek little fellow who trudged in front of her with downcast head. Suddenly the woman saw a bull racing down the road behind them. She took refuge in the hedge, but her companion kept on, unconscious of everything but bis woes. The bull caught him up and sens him spinning into a muddy ditch. Then it continued on its wild career. As he crawled out of the mire he saw his wife coming towards him. Pluckine: up a little courage, he whimpered: "Maria, if you hit me like that again you'll really get my temper up."

j I I j I ! ! I j :

I j j | | ! | :

| j j I '

HOTCH-POTCH. P u t into a s a u c e p a n t h r e e quarts of cold w a t e r a n d t w o pounds neck of m u t t o n , c u t i n t o small pieces. S i m m e r t h r e e or f o u r hours. Pu£ in a j a r t o cool. N e x t day t a k e off all t h e f a t , p u t t h e soup and meat into t h e s a u c e p a n , with three ounces of barley o r rice, half-pound of c a r r o t s , half-pound of turnips, and a n onion c u t small, a small cabbage cut u p , a n d a few green peas. A d d p e p p e r and salt, and boil g e n t l y f o r t w o h o u r s . A n y o t h e r v e g e t a b l e s m a y be added; the more the better.

*

*

*

*

CURRY. C u t half a p o u n d of beef or mutton i n t o small s q u a r e s ; chop &small apple a n d a n onion finely, P u t a n o u n c e ' o f dripping into a pan, b r o w n t h e m e a t and onion, remove t h e m e a t from . h e p a n ; sprinkle in a little flour, half an ounce of c u r r y powder, and the a p p l e ; a n d t h r e e q u a r t e r s of a pint of w a t e r , p u t in t h e m e a t , onion, one teaspoonful of vinegar, and salt, a n d s i m m e r g e n t l y a n hour, s t i r r i n g occasionally. Serve with plainly boiled rice. Cold m e a t or r a b b i t may be used, but t h e n , do not b r o w n in pan.

*

*

*

*

SAVOURY HASH. T a k e half a p o u n d of cold meat, t r i m a n d c u t i n t o slices, one onion sliced finely a n d fried in one ounce of d r i p p i n g , p o u r over these half a pint of stock a n d b r i n g t o a bonV add a tablespoonful of peaflour mixed w i t h a little cold water, and when it h a s boiled again add a teaspoonful of dried sage, w i t h salt and p e p p e r , a n d boil gently for about t h r e e - q u a r t e r s of an hour.

*

*

*

*

S T E W E D L I V E R A N D BACON. C u t half a pound of bacon into small slices, fry l i g h t l y ; fry one pound of liver a l s o ; remove from t h e p a n , a n d b r o w n an onion^in t h e f a t . Mix a little flour, salt, peper, a n d s a g e together, sprinkle into t h e fat, and brown, then pour it i n t o a s a u c e p a n w i t h a pint of cold w a t e r , boil up, add t h e liver and bacon, a n d s i m m e r one hour. * * * * * B E E F S T E W F O R SAVOURY BALLS. P u t t w o ounces of dripping into a pan. W h e n h o t p u t in two onions sliced, f r y a nice b r o w n ; sprinkle in a half-tablespoonful of flour, mix w e l l ; add a half-pint of water, salt, a n d pepper. C u t a pound of m e a t i n t o small pieces, put into t h e pan, cover, and simmer gentry for t w o h o u r s , s t i r r i n g frequently-


MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER,

SATURDAY,

5 t h OCTOBER, 1935.

THE ONLY INTERNATIONAL UNION \RCHBISHOP HINSLEY ORDERS PRAYER FOR PEACE.

PRE EMINENCE OF CATHOLIC CHURCH.

J E W I S H M A N ' S P L E D G E TO R E A R CHILDREN IN CATHOLIC FAITH.

A C T I O N TO V O I D C O N T R A C T In view of t h e d a n g e r of w a r FAILS. between Italy and Abyssinia, Archbishop Hinsley has ordered N e w York.—A pre-nuptial a g (Catholic Leader, B r i s b a n e ) . that t h e p r a y e r for peace be said r e e m e n t in which a J e w i s h m a n at every Mass in t h e W e s t m i n s t e r promised to r e a r t h e children of h i s diocese till f u r t h e r notice. In a j " A n y union of m e n m e a n s in- | of C h r i s t . " H e pleads with everym a r r i a g e in t h e f a i t h of his Caletter to " T h e T i m e s " H i s Grace - c r e a s e of power a n d t h e m e a n s of one t o " work until all meet in t h e tholic wife w a s upheld by S u p r e m e u s i n g i t , " said t h e Rev. F a t h e r i u n i t y of t h e F a i t h . " H e r e is Ca~ expresses " t h e e a r n e s t hope t h a t Court J u s t i c e Meier Steinbrink we m a y not presently h a v e t o W. J. Lockington, S.J., in an ad- ; tholic Action in excelsis. And he recently, ruling a g a i n s t t h e f a t h e r , d r e s s a t t h e Catholic l a y m e n ' s concludes w i t h t h e words t h a t we change it into t h e p r a y e r 'in t e m dinner a t F e a u d e s e r t on A u g u s t 11. I of t h e XX C e n t u r y , w i t h its end- Jacob Miller, who s o u g h t custody pore belli/ " of his two-months-old son. Archbishop Hinsley, w r i t i n g to " Union gives s t r e n g t h to move- less c h u r n i n g s of negations and J u d g e Steinbrink m a d e his rulm e n t s a m o n g m e n , " h e added, hesitancies and sillinesses and The Times, s a y s : ing a f t e r conferring privately w i t h " a n d is a powerful m e a n s a m o n g Worse, t h a t foam t h r o u g h t h e Sir,—The l e t t e r of Mr. George a Catholic priest a n d a Jewish Lansbury in y o u r issue of A u g u s t m e n to a t t a i n ends t h a t w i t h o u t I m i n d s of m e n u n d e r t h e n a m e of rabbi who had m a r r i e d t h e couple union would be impossible of a t I religion can a p p r e c i a t e , as we gaze 19, s u g g e s t i n g a n appeal t o His in t w o s e p a r a t e ceremonies five Holiness t h e Pope t o s u m m o n a t a i n m e n t . T h e g r e a t e r t h e union from t h e s e t o t h e Divin2 security y e a r s ago. The first ceremony t h e g r e a t e r t h e power, power for I and steadiness t h a t is ours becongress of Christendom a t J e r u w a s performed by t h e Catholic salem and " f r o m Mount Calvary evil if evil principles be accepted cause of our union w i t h God. priest. The h u s b a n d had preand power for good if good princito call 'a t r u c e of God' and bid t h e The P o w e r s of D a r l n e s s . viously received i n s t r u c t i o n s , h a d ples be used. This m e e t i n g of war spirit r e s t , " commands our Catholic m e n in union m u s t give The Apostle tells his h e a r e r s , signed an a g r e e m e n t w h e r e b y t h e deepest s y m p a t h y . pleasure t o His Grace, o u r F a t h e r ; and his wbrds still r i n g out, " if children were to b e b r o u g h t u p Even a j u s t w a r in self-defence Catholics, a n d a special dispensais a disaster for al! concerned, a n d in God. It is a union t h a t gives i men will but listen " — y o u will no tion was obtained. T h e couple practical t e s t i m o n y of a living I m o r e be tossed vainly as children we cannot contemplate t h e conspecifically agreed b e f o r e t h e i r duct or t h e r e s u l t s of a n y f u t u r e F a i t h in A l m i g h t y G o d — t h e best \ carried about by every wind of m a r r i a g e by t h e p r i e s t t h a t t h e y asset t h a t a nation can possess." doctrine by t h e wickedness of m e n war, under m o d e r n conditions, . . . . and doing t h i s t r u t h in would not be m a r r i e d a g a i n in a n y without e x t r e m e abhorence. Catholics N u m b e r 392 Millions ceremony. Nevertheless, ; c h a r i t y " all t h i n g s grow up in o t h e r T h e Call t o Calvary. t h e y were l a t e r m a r r i e d by a r a b b i T h e union you belong t o is t h e | H i m Who is t h e Head, even W h a t excuse can t h e r e be for according to t h e J e w i s h ritual, televen a w a r of self-defence w h e n g r e a t e s t in t h e world—392,000.000 | C h r i s t " ( E p h e s i a n s 4 ) . The Ca- ling h i m n o t h i n g of t h e m a r r i a g e m e m b e r s , and it is unique in t h e i tholics he a d d r e s s e d w e r e vainly the m a c h i n e r y to secure j u s t i c e by t h e priest. T h e r a b b i told h i m . and p e a c e — s u g g e s t e d b y Pope fact t h a t it alone of all unions of | fighting t h e forces of evil t h a t J u d g e Steinbrink said , t h a t h e m e n w a s founded b y God, prew e r e s u r g i n g a g a i n s t t h e m t h e n . Benedict XV, a n d embodied in t h e never would h a v e p e r f o r m e d t h e League of N a t i o n s and t h e World served b y God, a n d h a s t h e pro- To-day t h e s e forces a r e as u n t i r i n g | c e r e m o n y h a d h e k n o w n t h e couple a s t h e n , and a r e even more virum i s e of God t h a t i t will always C o u r t — h a s been set up a n d is caa exist, for t h e help a n d s a f e t y of lent because t h e y can realise b e t t e r w e r e previously m a r r i e d by pable of f u n c t i o n i n g ? priest. t h e m i g h t y power t h a t your union i t s m e m b e r s . You as Catholic Moreover, P i u s XI, in 1933, by " I certainly c a n n o t t a k e t h e Evil h a s n e v e r the p r o c l a m a t i o n of t h e Holy Y e a r m e n belong t o t h e only union t h a t can command. c o m m e m o r a t i n g t h e Redemption is t r u l y i n t e r n a t i o n a l . I t embraces been m o r e e n e r g e t i c , m o r e unscru- children from t h e i r m o t h e r and of Mankind, did m o s t emphatically all m e n a n d all t i m e . E r r o r can- pulous, nor m o r e powerful t h a n o r d e r t h e m r e a r e d in a n y faith summon us to Calvary a n d to t r u e n o t t o u c h you, for you a r e guided to-day. N o t only individuals, b u t o t h e r t h a n Catholic, on which t h e by principles founded on u n c h a n g - whole nations a r e swayed by evil first m a r r i a g e w a s baseS," t h e peace. (N.C.W.C.) T i m e and a g a i n h e has condemn- eable a n d complete t r u t h . You forces. T h e y poison t h e conduits J u d g e said. ed t h e race f o r a r m a m e n t s a n d s t a n d for t r u t h , a n d secure in its of t r u t h , a n d w h a t should be a T H R E E GENERATIONS OF the wholly fallacious m a x i m — s i possession, you s h o w all m e n t h e m e a n s of life becomes a cause of ANNAMITE PRIESTS. vis pacem, p a r a bellum. H e w e n t P a t h of God lit by t h e light of God, d e a t h . so f a r as to say, in his impassion- you s t a n d for j u s t i c e , obedient t o Mission of t h e Church. Saigon ( I n d o c h i n a ) — T h e celeed appeal for peace l a s t April, t h e God of Justice. Our mission is to combat t h e s e bration, recently of t h e Diamond You s t a n d for c h a r i t y t o w a r d s with a n u n m i s t a k a b l e reference t o of the ordination of his s u r r o u n d i n g s , t h a t if o u r p r a y - all, based on t h e s p i r i t of y o u r I forces, and each in his own sphere Jubilee ers and efforts for peace w e r e un- F a i t h . You s t a n d for power—in- | m u s t strive to b r i n g true life )Rev. P . Trieu, A n n a m i t e p r i e s t availing, t h e n w e should b e forced vincible power, for you h a v e a t j which is grace, w i t h i n reach of of t h e Vicariate of Saigon, recalled to implore God " t o confound t h e y*>ur command t h e s u p e r n a t u r a l j o t h e r men. T h i s is done in t h e t h e fact t h a t in his family t h e r e t r e a s u r e s of grace a n d t h e illimi- first place by personal loyalty and h a v e been t h r e e g e n e r a t i o n s of nations whose will is w a r . " zeal. Our religion, t h e base of o u r p r i e s t s . F a t h e r Trieu is a nephew H e w e n t f u r t h e r still w h e n , a t table forces of t h e S a c r a m e n t s . union should be properly used in of Blessed P e t e r Qui, m a r t y r e d a t the end of April, h e invited t h e T w o T h o u s a n d Y e a r s of H i s t o r y . every p h a s e of life. And t h e n we Chau Doc in 1859 a n d beatified b y faithful of all nations, civilians and soldiers—ex-combatants esAnd as is plain, you and your should fall into s t e p w i t h our fel- Pope Pius X in 1909. F o r t h e pecially—to a s s e m b l e in p i l g r i m - union a r e not of to-day Y o u r lows and swing f o r w a r d in u n i t y celebration of t h e s i x t i e t h a n n i v e r age at Lourdes, t h e r e to ask God h i s t o r y goes back 2000 y e a r s , and ' behind t h e M a r c h e r in our m i d s t s a r y , t h e Mass w a s celebrated b y through O u r L a d y ' s intercession is t h e one softening and elevating : t h e One W h o is a l w a y s a m o n g us, F a t h e r Xuan, a n e p h e w of F a t h e r to establish " t h e Peace of C h r i s t influence on all t h e generations. j always encouraging, always lead- T n e u , while t h e s e r m o n w a s p r e a ched by a n o t h e r n e p h e w of t h e in t h e Kingdom of C h r i s t . " O u r Divine Redeemer, I t s Founder, \ ing. jubilarian, F a t h e r D a t . Kis words, h i s p r a y e r s , h i s ac- laid its foundations deep on t h e W h a t a revelation of splendid F a t h e r Trieu w a s b o r n a t Saigon tions on behalf of peace h a v e rock of T r u t h , a n d t h e le riders t h a t \ s t r e n g t h w a s shown of A u s t r a l i a n in 1845, m a d e his p r e p a r a t o r y s t u seemingly been rejected by t h e h e appointed h a v e faithfully folI u n i t y in t h e E u c h a r i s t i c Oongres- dies and m a j o r s e m i n a r y course in rulers of t h e world. Still he con- lowed H i s i n s t r u c t i o n s and com| ses in Sydney and in Melbourne, t h e Saigon s e m i n a r y , and was tinues to t h i s d a y working, s t r i v - mission to strive to enrol all in t h i s | when all paid t r i b u t e t o our Lea- ordained t h e r e s i x t y y e a r s ago. H e ing, p r a y i n g for peace. Of t h i s union. In t h e first c e n t u r y as in I der, A l m i g h t y God, W h o walked in w a s p a s t o r of t h e p a r i s h of N h a I have- direct personal kTOwledge. t h e t w e n t i e t h , His instructions I t h e s t r e e t s w i t h H i s A u s t r a l i a n r a m for 52 y e a r s , w h e r e h e w a s But j u s t as t h e w a r n i n g s of Leo w e r e t h e same—for t h e enemy is ; children. g r e a t l y venerated a s a model of XIII a g a i n s t inflated a r m a m e n t s t h e s a m e . Across t h e ages t h e priestly piety a n d p o v e r t y . I n were scorned, j u s t as t h e peace s t e n t o r i a n tones of St. Paul come j F r u i t s of Catholic Unity. 1933 h e was forced t o r e t i r e f r o m efforts of Benedict XV w e r e polite- r i n g i n g t o us, t e a c h i n g *he same Our union purifies and ennobles a c t i v e life because of poor h e a l t h . ly ignored, so t h e e a r n e s t endea- lessons to t h e Catholics of E p h e s u s I by union w i t h God not only indi(Fides). vours of t h e p r e s e n t Pope t o a s does His Grace to-day to t h e j vidual life, b u t family life, n a t i o exorcise t h e evil spirit of w a r a r e Catholics of t h i s g r e a t S t a t e of nal life, and i n t e r n a t i o n a l life for 7 COUSINS A T A L T A R S A T met by t h e P o w e r s with blind eyes Queensland. He insistently t a u g h t our Church is t h e only t r u e interSAME TIME. and deaf e a r s . t h e need of an active faith and loyal national body a n d t h e only p r a c t i Yet no C h r i s t i a n should b e a zeal. W h e n t h e powerful forces of P a r i s . — A y o u n g p r i e s t , t h e Rev. cal believer in t h e universal pessimist. W e m u s t p e r s e v e r e in evil strove by t o r t u r e and death to brotherhood of m a n . In t h e last M a r c Dailliez, celebrated h i s first Prayer. In t h e Archdiocese of b r e a k y o u r union in i t s infancy, t h e decade of y e a r s , 10,000 000 men Mass in t h e C h u r c h of St. Gery a t Westminster we shall o r d e r t h a t g r e a t international apostle exhorthave joined us, d r a w n by commu- C a m b r a i while his t h r e e b r o t h e r s , the p r a y e r for peace b e said a t ed all to t r u s t in God and fight J e a n Marie, A n d r e and P a u l , every Mass " t a n q u a m pro r e j forward. He spoke t o t h e m of t h e nion with God. offered Mass a t o t h e r a l t a r s in t h e If every member of the S r a v i " till f u r t h e r notice, in t h e ! various gifts of God, and exhorted choir of t h e c h u r c h . earnest hope t h a t we m a y n o t all to walk " w o r t h y of t h e i r g r e a t 392,000,000 walked w o r t h y of t h e i r A t t h e main a l t a r t h e new p r i e s t presently h a v e to c h a n g e it into call, careful to keep t h e unity of g r e a t call as Saint P a u l e n t r e a t e d , w a s assisted by h i s cousins, t h e ^ p r a y e r " i n t e m p o r e belli." t h e spirit in t h e bond of peace." who can m e a s u r e t h e good t h a t Revs. F r a n c o i s a n d Michel Dela; And he reminded t h e m t h a t to would be poured out on t h e afflict- p o r t e and Michel B a r d . T h e first, Yours t r u l v , ; " every one is given g r a c e , accord- ed world outside o u r union, t h e t w o a r e b r o t h e r s t ARTHUR, (Lumen— Archbishop of W e s t m i n s t e r . ! ing t o t h e m e a s u r e of t h e giving divinely founded Catholic Church. N.C.W.C.) !

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state of things prevailing to-day in Russia, Germany and Mexico. Again there is the danger of unjustifiable speculation from faulty premises. To illustrate the futiDOCTOR SUNDERLAND'S VIEWS ON R O M E lity of such trend of reasoning let INDULGENCES AGAIN—THE GERMAN BISHOPS. us take the case of a man who is D r . S u n d e r l a n d ' s views on Rome. I n d i a n would r e a d is, to say t h e drinking a glass of plain tea in a In t h e S e p t e m b e r issue of w h a t least, m i s c h i e v o u s — o r is it possitavern. What would be the nor- we m a y p r e s u m e t o be one of t h e ble t h a t D r . S u n d e r l a n d knowing mal impression produced on the leading intellectual m o n t h l i e s of t h e facts a s t h e y w e r e , wished t o mind of a passing observer who India " T h e Modern Review", a t a k e a d v a n t a g e of t h e ignorance of t h e a v e r a g e H i n d u on such sees this? Assuredly, the man certain Dr. Sunderland describes m a t t e r s to d i s s e m i n a t e his antaa S u n d a y in Rome a s h e saw it. drinking the tea will be put down H e p a y s a m o r n i n g visit t o St. gonistic views t o w a r d s Rome with as a confirmed inebriate ' from P e t e r ' s a n d in describing h i s a t - a view to exploiting t h e credence the surroundings and circum- t e n d a n c e a t t w o services conducted of u n s u s p e c t i n g r e a d e r s ? We prestances. The same principle in different p a r t s of t h e Basilica, fer t o t h i n k t h a t it w a s due t o c r a s s ignorance r a t h e r t h a n malibrings us now to the difference he seems t o i n s i n u a t e t h a t t h e cious deception. T h e ignorance Catholic C h u r c h is a respector of between seeing a thing on the surs h o w n in m a t t e r s p e r t a i n i n g to the persons, h a v i n g different services face, on the one hand, and of for t h e rich a n d for t h e poor. After Catholic C h u r c h even by persons investigating it in all its essentials e x p a t i a t i n g a t l e n g t h on t ) i e m a g n i - of some intellectual r e p u t e is really T h e d a y of officialon the other. ficence a n d splendour of t h e orna- s u r p r i s i n g . h i s t o r y m o n g e r s is n o t yet past, Now let us consider for a m e n t a t i o n , h e goes on to s a y t h a t t h o u g h it h a s s h o w n s i g n s of passt h i s s u p e r - s t r u c t u r e of polished moment the question of revealed m a r b l e w h i c h w a s p u t up a s t h e ing, chiefly t h r o u g h t h e writings religion in its major aspects. The m a s t e r p i e c e of a new civilization, of eminent Catholic H i s t o r i a n s and preambula to Theology proper is w a s b u t a relic of vandalism, a s w r i t e r s of t h e p r e s e n t day. the belief in the existence of a t h e s t o n e s used for t h e building Dr. H e a r n s h a w , Professor o f Supreme Being. But often than were g o t , by demolishing t h e work H i s t o r y a t K i n g ' s College, London, of ancient Greek a n d R o m a n a r c h i not, what is to be found on the t e c t s ; t h a t t h i s edifice r a i s e d for in a note c o r r e c t i n g t h i s same first page of a Catholic text book Divine w o r s h i p , w a s in r e a l i t y a e r r o r of a P r o f e s s o r of History in a Chinese U n i v e r s i t y , says t h a t is the last thing to enter the head m o n u m e n t t o s a t a n a s it w a s erect- " T h i s view of indulgences was of a man in the street. Many ed by t h e f r a u d u l e n t m e a n s of t h e n e v e r t a u g h t by t h e theologians Protestant teachers of religion, sale of i n d u l g e n c e s — a practice, t o of t h e R o m a n C h u r c h . According p u t it in h i s own way, b y which for lack of a clear philosophy, a person could obtain p a r d o n for t o t h e i r doctrine, p a r d o n for sins could come from God only—". have not started with fundamen- h a v i n g c o m m i t t e d the most * * * * * * tal truths and, being shy of "heinous c r i m e s " b y c o n t r i b u t i n g miracles because of the vogue of a certain a m o u n t t o w a r d s t h e T h e G e r m a n B i s h o p s . Modernism, have placed too much building of t h i s church. Following t h e ' O s s e r v a t o r e Rom a n o ' s ' open c o n d e m n a t i o n of t h e weight on a vague appeal to the Nazi g o v e r n m e n t ' s policy on sterigeneral superiority of Christianity Indulgences A g a i n . lization and its violation of certain to all other religions. It is a "Pardon o r Remission f r o m t h e clauses in t h e concordat, t h e firm wrong conception that Catholics -j " m o s t h e i n o u s c r i m e s " — f o r a per- s t a n d t h e C h u r c h h a s t a k e n for are merely Fideists ' relying for son of D r . S u n d e r l a n d ' s s t a n d i n g , t h e principles of C h r i s t i a n morality ultimate certitude on authority w i t h a d o c t o r a t e prefixed t o his a g a i n s t t h e g r o w i n g p a g a n i s m o f n a m e , t o s h o w h i s i g n o r a n c e on a alone. This is however not the long a n d oft exploded e r r o r , and t h e Nazi s t a t e , s e e m s t o have increased t h e n u m b e r of supporters case, as the Vatican Council has t o a d v e r t i s e t h a t ignorance in a of Nazi a b s o l u t i s m . T h e German always given ample evidence of m o n t h l y w h i c h m a n y an educated Bishops unable t o t o l e r a t e such a how the Church vindicates the s t a t e of affairs h a v e , therefore, called upon t h e i r flock t o abstain rightful claims of reason. It is plain common sense that from books a n d n e w s p a p e r s in If it were made clear to the one must accumulate material be- which t h e Catholic F a i t h is vilified. average man that the existence of fore he sets to work on it. But A n o t h e r move of g r e a t significance God can be established independ- to be sure of the existence of God is t h e t r a n s f e r of t h e Most Rev von Preysing ently of all revelation, many we need no more than the K o n r a d Count Lichtnegg-Moos f r o m t h e of people would then be able to be- evidence of His works. Modern E i c h t s a e t t t o t h e See of See Berlin, gin their study of the religions of indifference, due to uncertainty because of Bishop Von Preysing'? the world with the conviction with regard to fundamentals, diplomatic experience. This learned that one of them at least must be produces tolerance of possible p r e l a t e w h o is a m e m b e r o f an old true. Father D'Arcy in his book error. It may be asked—Do not B a v a r i a n F a m i l y closely related to h e Royal House of B a v a r i a was on St. Thomas Aquinas remarks: these non-Christian peoples, how- teducated a t t h e Universities o f ever strange their methods may " St. Thomas almost always speaks Munich a n d W u e r z b e r g , studied in guarded terms of the Science I be, intend to worship the true L a w and w a s a m e m b e r of the of his day, whereas he has sup- God, and have they not as much B a v a r i a n L e g a t i o n a t t h e Quirinal reme confidence in his metaphy- right to their beliefs and practices in 1908 w h e n h e decided to abanhis diplomatic c a r e e r to follow sics—and it is clear that he sought as we have to ours? The reply to don h i s y o u n g e r b r o t h e r s into the this is that it is possible to bef o r a f i irrefragable proof of the priesthood. A f t e r his theological existence of God." Again Father lieve without due warrant, while studies u n d e r t h e J e s u i t s a t InnsD'Arcy also points out that those good faith does not exclude bad bruck, A u s t r i a , h e w a s ordained arguments " depend upon the credentials. In any case, just as in 1912, a n d b e c a m e Secretary t c truth of the metaphysics, and the a title deed bears its seal of Cardinal B e t t i n g e r , Archbishop of Munich. Being a renowned orator, distinction between the intelligi- authentication, good faith alone he was m a d e C a t h e d r a l Predicator ble and the sensible, and conse- cannot be a substitute for in 1921, l a t e r Canon, and on Sepquently they ought to remain authenticity. t e m b e r 9, 1932 w a s n a m e d Bishop untouched in their essence by the The popular notion is often of E i c h s t a e t t a n d consecrated in discoveries of the empirical endorsed by the sanction of the t h e presence of h i s 83 year old m o t h e r . H e is a l s o a personal sciences." Theology, in fact, has pragmatist who might say that friend of Cardinal Pacelli, Papal dealings with the sciences only people evolve the religion which S e c r e t a r y of S t a t e , h a v i n g known through-metaphysk^- just as a suks-them, and we ought to leave t h e l a t t e r - w h e n h e w a s -Nuncio, a _ t factory manager deals with his it at that. It is this very idea Munich a n d a t Berlin. mechanics, and fitters through that lends colour to the belief B y t h e decision of t h e Hierarchy, the foreman. Now the irony of that religion is man-made and is a complete s y s t e m of organization the position is this. Protestantism meant to fit in with finite views. f o r Catholic A c t i o n , having an has unwisely dismissed the fore- Thus, the amusing anomalies inter-diocesan c e n t r e has been man, hence the factory hands are among the protestant sects make created w i t h a p r e l a t e chosen by pleased to work at their own their members feel more in the t h e H i e r a r c h y a t i t s head. Cardinal Schulte, A r c h b i s h o p of Cologne, sweet will. way of patrons than penitents! h a s been elected f o r t h i s position.

NOTES AND COMMENTS!

c

g a i t e r

5th OCTOBER, 1935.

PITFALLS OF SPECULATIVE RELIGION. In these days of free-thinking, behaviourism and humanism, Religion has been relegated to a subordinate place along with metaphysics or philosophy. To, give an estimate of the average mentality of men who generally pass muster for being enlightened and rational, the writer is tempted to recall the instance of a person in a fairly responsible position, who once remarked that he was neither a Rotarian nor a Religionist, as he was too much of a matter of fact sort to be either. Can you imagine anything more besotted or inane than this? Just as one arrives at standards and conclusions in material things, by comparison and contrast, there is a painful tendency to practise, the same principle in matters of religion. Speculation in matters of Faith and morals often based on a comparative inquiry into religion is productive of confusing and misguiding conceptions. There are nowadays many books written on * Speculative Religion ' by authors with befogged views that are likely to produce baneful effects on the minds of unwary readers whose feeble reasoning cannot penetrate the mists of misinformation, or divest the specious theories of their veil of sophistry. In fact the writers who are too eager to discuss a subject that is quite beyond their reach or intellectual ken, prove to be the least competent for such stupendous undertaking. Fools rush where angels fear to tread ' is an adage that is pregnant with wisdom, and is proved out and out in our everyday affairs of life. The verdict that these writers are usually able to arrive at runs a close parallel to that of a coroner who has to record some cause associated with the death of a person. f

There is again an amazing travesty of current beliefs arising from- what4s^ popularly Jcnawn as * comparative religion' which is gaining ground with a class of people who would like to fashion theories in keeping with their own channels of thought. To realise the danger of hasty theorising in matters of Religion and morals one has only to turn to the

t


MALAYA

London, October 1st.—The R e port t h a t B r i t a i n h a s asked F r a n c e what her a t t i t u d e would be in t h e event of a s u d d e n a t t a c k by t h e Italian Fleet on t h e B r i t i s h F l e e t is confirmed in official circles in London. Referring t o Mussolini's allegation t h a t while B r i t a i n k n e w in January about I t a l y ' s a s p i r a t i o n s in Abyssinia, w e h a v e not m a d e our attitude clear before, Mr. E d e n went to Rome in J u n e and, it is pointed out, since t h e Walwal incident in N o v e m b e r scarcely a week has passed w i t h o u t B r i t a i n m a k i n g quite clear h e r a p p r e h e n s i o n s a b o u t Italian policy, especially it's effect on the collective s y s t e m . There is no justification for saying t h e B r i t i s h G o v e r n m e n t h a s allowed I t a l y a n y scope for illusions. Britain h a s played a full p a r t towards upholding t h e L e a g u e in the present crisis a n d it d e p e n d s mainly on t h e p a r t played by g j h e r Governments w h e t h e r a s p e e d y solution is r e a c h e d . If t h e L e a g u e proves ineffective, it is inevitable t h e B r i t i s h public will lose i n t e r e s t in i t . — R e u t e r . WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS FOR N O R T H E R N A U S T R A L I A . SACRED H E A R T MISSIONARIES C O M P L E T E S C H E M E . Darwin (Northern Australia) Oct. 1st.—An I m p o r t a n t link in the communications of t h e n o r t h has been completed by m i s s i o n a r i e s of t h e Sacred H e a r t , w h o h a v e installed pedal wireless s e t s at Bathurst Island Mission and in t h e Presbytery a t D a r w i n . During the past few d a y s t h e P r e s b y t e r y ha? had several conversations over these wireless s e t s with F a t h e r McGrath on B a t h u r s t Island. I t is expected, h o w e v e r , t h a t when t h e wet season s e t s in communication will have to be c a r r i e d out e n t i r e l y by Morse Code. T h e sets, w h i c h cost £60 each, w e r e p u r c h a s e d w i t h money given by pupils of Kincoppal Convent, Rose B a y , Sydney. It is hoped l a t e r to link t h e P o r t Keats Mission w i t h t h e s y s t e m . Communication w i t h B a t h u r s t Island, which is 50 miles n o r t h of Darwin, is i m p o r t a n t from defence and aviation p o i n t s of view. Also, there is an e m e r g e n c y landing ground on Cape F o u r c r o y , B a t h u r s t Inland, 40 miles from t h e mission, and another l a n d i n g g r o u n d a t t h e niission station. (Reuter's Mail N e w s S e r v i c e ) . QUIMPER C A T H E D R A L MEMORIAL. Paris—A mosaic in t h e Q u i m p e r Cathedral e x e c u t e d by M a u r i c e Denis from a d r a w i n g of a p r i e s t of the diocese w h o fell in b a t t l e serves as a m e m o r i a l t o t h e m e m bers of t h e F i n i s t e r r e clergy w h o give t h e i r lives f o r thfc c o u n t r y . But the P A C w i s h e d to e r e c t a Memorial t o t h e 54 p r i e s t s a n d 50 seminarians of t h e diocese w h o *ere victims of t h e w a r in t h e r e cently constructed S e m i n a r y at Kerfeunteum. a

The new m e m o r i a l consists of side a l t a r carved from w h i t e

SATURDAY,

5 t h OCTOBER, 1935.

li

GOSPEL

IN T H E E V E N T O F W A R ? RPITAIN S O U N D S F R E N C H POLICY.

CATHOLIC LEADER,

DIOCESE OF MALACCA.

;>: Calendar for t h e Week, i October 6. S u n d a y — 1 7 t h S u n d a y || A f t e r Pentecost. Solemnity of SEVENTEENTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST. R I S t . T e r e s a of The Child J e s u s , V ( M a t t . X X I I , 35-46) >: ;| H i g h Mass and V e s p e r s of t h e A t t h a t t i m e , t h e P h a r i s e e s c a m e to J e s u s , a n d one of t h e m , a j | Feast. § doctor of t h e law, asked him, t e m p t i n g him, M a s t e r , which is t h e 5 | October 7. M o n d a y — T h e Most i|. g r e a t c o m m a n d m e n t of t h e law? J e s u s said t o him, T h o u shalt love g g| Holy R o s a r y . I t h e Lord t h y God w i t h t h y whole h e a r t , and with t h y whole soul, a n d f 1 October 8. T u e s d a y — S t . Bridget. % w i t h t h y whole mind. This is t h e g r e a t e s t and t h e first commandI W. j | m c n t . And t h e second is like t o t h i s : Thou s h a l t love t h e y neigh- & ;>; October 9. W e d n e s d a y — S s . Denis, § bour a s thyself. On t h e s e two c o m m a n d m e n t s d e p e n d e t h t h e whole & B., a n d Comp., Mm. Semid. § law and t h e p r o p h e t s . And t h e P h a r i s e e s , being g a t h e r e d t o g e t h e r , ££ 10. Thursday—Octave U J e s u s asked t h e m , saying, W hat t h i n k you of C h r i s t ; whose son is £p October | D a y of St. Teresa of T h e Child £ h e ? They s a y to him, David's. H e saith to t h e m . How t h e n d o t h j | Jesus. y David in s p i r i t call Him L o r d ; s a y i n g , The Lord s a i t h t o m y Lord, ^£ j | Sit on my r i g h t hand, until I m a k e t h y enemies t h y footstool? If | October 1 1 . F r i d a v — T h e Maternitv of T h e B.V.M. Double of m David t h e n call him Lord, how is h e his son? And no m a n w a s able | I j | t h e 2nd Class. p t o a n s w e r h i m a w o r d ; neither d u r s t a n y m a n from t h a t day f o r t h 12. S a t u r d a y — O f Our | | a s k him a n y m o r e questions. 1U 1 October U Lady. 1 COMMENTARY. | for

7

DIOCESE OF MACAO.

H W h e n r e a d i n g t h i s Gospel, w e | to foster " t h e g r e a t e s t glory of i 1 should, first of all, t h a n k God for ; God" a m o n g c r e a t u r e s . H C H U R C H O F ST. J O S E P H . i H i s g r e a t e s t law which He has imThirdly, we a r e t o love God w i t h | f 1 posed on u s : a law of love. A law our whole mind. It is t h i s t h a t | Calendar for t h e week I which suits t h e a s p i r a t i o n s of our m a k e s our love solid a n d apprecia- g Sundav-Seventeenth 1 h e a r t . By t h i s law, God has come five. It m u s t be t h e love oi an | f ffWn S u n d a y a f t e r v^t^nn<t P e n t e c o s t . (Green to us, t o live and dwell a m o n g s t u s . \ intelligent b e i n g a n d grounded g v e s t m e n t s . ) P r o p e r of t h e M a s s S i n reality, " t h e r e is no other n a - j u p o n motives b y which such a b e - 1 in t h e "Small M i s s a l " p . 222. I tion so g r e a t which h a t h gods so \ ing is influenced. St. P a u l speaks 1 Second collect of St. B r u n o , t h i r d 1 nigh t h e m , a s o u r God is p r e s e n t j o f a reasonable f a i t h . H e could | for t h e Pope, p.60. Solemnity I to u s . " ( D e u t . IV, 7.) And t h i s j well speak also of a reasonable and | | of O u r L a d y of t h e R o s a r y . I law of love h a s t w o objects: God j intelligent love. g Solemn H i g h Mass a t 8 a.m. | and our neighbour. J w h e n we love God with our | P r o p e r of t h e H i g h M a s s p.309, | whole h e a r t , a n d soul a n d mind, it 1 second collect of t h e S u n d a y . § Thou Shalt Love God. i I t is t h e n a c o m m a n d m e n t . I will follow a s a logical sequence, § L a s t Gospel of t h e S u n d a y . 1 Thou shalt love. W e h a v e to obey t h a t we will k e e p H i s command- j | E v e n i n g Service a t 5. M it. I t is n o t an invitation, or a m e n t s . If you love m e , keep m y | October 7. M o n d a y — T h e Holy H permission, or a privilege, or a c o m m a n d m e n t s . " L i k e St. F r a n c i s R o s a r y of t h e B.V.M. Doubl.2nd I counsel. I t is a m o s t imperative Xavier, we will feel i n w a r d l y t h a t I cl.Ev. s e r v i c e : 5.30. 1 command, t h e g r e a t e s t and first. we do not fear hell a t all. Our love 1 October 8. T u e s d a y — S t . B r i d g e t , H And we h a v e to love God with o u r shall look a t hell a s an unneces- | Double. E v e n i n g s e r v i c e : 5.30. H whole h e a r t , a n d soul, and mind. s a r y m e a n s t o c a r r y us along t h e f October 9. W e d n e s d a y — S t . Denis Martyrs. Semi1 F i r s t , w i t h o u r whole h e a r t , i difficult p a t h of d u t y . A n d a s St. j a n d Comp. double. E v e n i n g s e r v i c e : 5.30. I T h e h e a r t is t h e symbol, t h e s e a t T h o m a s of A q u i n a s h a s beautifully g I of love W e belong t o God b e > 1 October 10. T h u r s d a y — S t . F r a n | c a u s e we h a v e been created b y £ ° w h a t e v e r w e like. " A m a et j cis of Borgia, with octave. Dou| H i m , we h a v e been redeemed by « ™| ™e, 1st class. E v e n i n g s e r v i c e : | H i s only b e g o t t e n Son. God h a s Thou Shalt L o v e T h y N e i g h b o u r . 1 ^ 5.30. 6 1 given us t h e h e a r t t o love Him, a n d also t o love I ° ° K I A i t h e r e f o r e H e will not allow us t o a r e c o m m a n d e d also t o love „ B.V.M. Double 2 n d | i n t r a o r e n e » u n o i aiiow u s ro neighbour. This second com- | ~ Eveninsr service- 5 30 Abstinence. | l love | echo of t h e | t 1 a n y t h i n g else above Himself.; October 12. Saturday—Of the h k e stealing. And God _ g | will feel h u r t if we steal a w a y U rforce | octave. E v e n i n g s e r v i c e : 5.30. | t r o m Him t h e h e a r t which He h a s N ghbour. H e will look | | given us. T h e love which w e L through the * m i s h h o v i r NEW R E G I O N A L S E M I N A R Y I m u s t c o n s e c r a t e t o God m u s t d r a w , , g INAUGURATED IN CHINA. | u s t o w a r d s H i m . I t m u s t be urn, f c h a r i t y , and he | | n y e , for such is t h e n a t u r e of love. t h e n realize t h a t God is in | T a i y u a n f u (Shansi, C h i n a ) — T h e | W e wonder sometimes a t the r e a - j t h a t we are | Regional' S e m i n a r y dedicated I son w h y J e s u s h a s condescended t o children. A s children of God. I to J o h n of Montecorvino w a s in% become m a n for us. Really it is h r s of J e s u s Christ, as g a u g u r a t e d a t Taiquanfu S e p t e m b e r Heaven, we will feel bound f ; 1st. A s originally planned, t h e | - a m y s t e r y of love. T h e reason is ; £ m a n i f e s t : J e s u s va.ues t h e price to extend t h e w a r m t h of our % s e m i n a r v was to serve for s t u d e n t s | of our souls, while we on t h e o t h e r j every one alike, friend 8 for t h e priesthood from t h e ecclehand, do n o t know w h a t our souls o r enemy, rich or p o o r , Cnristian g s i a s t i c a i t e r r i t o r i e s of t h e S h a n s i p a r e . J e s u s h a s redeemed t h e m , o r P a g a n . Our l o v e will not be a $ Province. Later developments, t h a t is, H e h a s t a k e n again posses- s e l f i s h love, based on p u r e l y h u m a n v h o w e v e r have made it advisable t o H sion of t h e m . W h y should He not, reasons. It will be like t h e sun £ use t h e s e m i n a r y t e m p o r a r i l y f o r I t h e n , ask us to love H i m ? " M y w h i c h d i s t r i b u t e s from above i t s £ s t u d e n t s from Shansi Province a s | s o n , give m e t h y h e a r t . " h e a t to every b e i n g in t h e w h o l e % well. This latest s e m i n a r y is still i Secondly, we a r e t o love God universe. We shall ascend t o God, £• a f u r t h e r link in t h e c h a i n of s e m i p : w i t h our whole soul. W h a t is t h e and thence, r i s i n g above every £ n a r i e s planned for C h i n a by t h e 1 m e a n i n g of loving God wifh o u r p e t t y and trifling contingency, we U Holy See. (Fides). | whole soul? T h e s o u l is t h e p r i n - shall be able t o say, " I love God & ; | c i p l e of life and a c t i v i t y ; and w h e n ;above e v e r y t h i n g , with m y whole f\ D I O C E S E O F H Y D E R A B A D i we love w i t h our w h o l e soul, we soul a i \ l m y whole h e a r t and my G £ AINING MANY CONVERTS. I f g i v e up ourselves so thoroughly t o whole mind, a n d t h r o u g h God I £ 8 t h e object of our love, t h a t we live love my n e i g h b o u r as myself." % Hyderabad ( I n d i a ) — A strong % and act for t h a t alone. This is This is t h e ideal set up by J e s u s | conversion m o v e m e n t h a s been I w h a t t h e s a i n t s h a v e done. T h e y before us. A n a d m i r a b l e and | noticed d u r i n g t h e p a s t y e a r in I h a v e lived t o establish God s k i n g - practical ideal. L e t us, then, t r v § various sections of t h e Diocese o f I dom h e r e below. They have t r i e d ; t o realize it in ourselves. 1 Hyderabad. Several mission s t a | % tions a r e handicapped by a lack of | g g ® ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ & & ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 3 S ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 3 8 ^ ^ ® ^ ® ^ 3 & ^ ^ 2 & & ^ ^ ^ ^ c a t e c h i s t s t o i n s t r u c t t h o s e seekm a r b l e by M a x i m e Real del S a r t e . Most Rev. Adolph D u p a r c , Bishop i n g t o b e accepted a s c a t e c h u m e n s . I n t h e village of Singaram, I t r e p r e s e n t s a soldier priest a n d of Quimper, a s s i s t e d by his Auxia soldier seminarian, gravely liary, t h e M o s t Rev. A u g u s t e F a t h e r L a n z a h a s a t p r e s e n t 852 u n d e r i n s t r u c t i o n , w h i l e a t Melawounded, b e n e a t h a Crucifix a n d Cogneau, officiated. T h a t m o r n i n g cheruon F a t h e r Perez has more offering their sufferings and he had ordained 39 p r i e s t s a n d 33 t h a n a t h o u s a n d b e i n g i n s t r u c t e d d e a t h s t o Christ, t h e sovereign sub-deacons. T h e dedication ser- in t h e F a i t h . Priest. T h e Diocese of H y d e r a b a d , in mon was preached by Abbe Bergey c h a r g e of t h e Milan F o r e i g n MisT h e day of ordinations was se- president of t h e P A C . sion Society, c o u n t s 24,000 C h r i s lected as a suitable occasion for t i a n s in a t o t a l population of a l m o s t t h e dedication of t h e altar. The (N.C.W.C.) e i g h t millions. (Fides). Q

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12

ALL ABOUT A PAPAL ADDRESS URING ILLNESS

A More Authentic Version ( E x c e r p t s from Report of R o m e C o r r e s p o n d e n t of "Londoti T i m e s / ' ) verdict m a y be given by a j u d g e T h e Pope and W a r . W e a r e i n a position t o give a and j u r y a l o n e ; and t h e j u d g e a n d c o r r e c t v e r s i o n — t h o u g h n o t t h e j u r y t h e m s e l v e s m u s t be duly a p official t e x t — o f t h e r e c e n t a d d r e s s pointed a n d constituted, a n d m u s t of P o p e P i u s X L , which c r e a t e d a act in t h e i r official capacity. A s t h e L o n d o n Tablet explains, deal of s t i r locally, and t o w h i c h we m a d e r e f e r e n c e in one of o u r previ- " t h e Pope tells u s pontifically a n d hieratically, w h a t factors m a k e a o u s i s s u e s . T h e e x t r a c t s given below a r e from t h e r e p o r t of t h e w a r j u s t or u n j u s t ; but h e m u s t be clothed by consent w i t h n e w London Times. " W e s e e , " said t h e P o p e , " t h a t and t e m p o r a l power before h e c a n a b r o a d t h e r e a r e references t o a discover w h i c h of these f a c t o r s w a r of conquest, of a n offensive a r e o r a r e not p r e s e n t in a g i v e n war. H e r e is supposition upon i n s t a n c e . " E x a c t l y fifty y e a r s a g o . w h i c h w e do not even w i s h to fix P o p e L e o X I I I , elected as a r b i t e r , o u r t h o u g h t s ; it is a supposition settled a contention between Germ a n y a n d Spain concerning t h e w h i c h is disconcerting. o w n e r s h i p of t h e Caroline I s l a n d s . " A w a r which w a s only of c o n q u e s t would evidently be a n If P o p e P i u s X I today were chosen u n j u s t w a r ; s o m e t h i n g which by consent s u p r e m e a r b i t e r beexceeds every i m a g i n a t i o n , t w e e n I t a l y a n d Ethiopia, h e s o m e t h i n g w h i c h is i n e x p r e s s i b l y would be in a position to decide on t h e m e r i t s or d e m e r i t s of t h i s p a r - j sad and horrible. Meanwhile h e " O n t h e o t h e r h a n d , in I t a l y t i c u l a r d i s p u t e . t h e y s a y t h a t it would be a j u s t can only r e p e a t his r e i t e r a t e d j a n d justifiable war, b e c a u s e it t e a c h i n g on j u s t and u n j u s t w a r , would b e a defence w a r t o p r e s e r v e on o v e r g r o w n nationalism, on false I t a l i a n f r o n t i e r s a g a i n s t continu- ideas of p a t r i o t i s m , on t h o s e polio u s a n d i n c e s s a n t d a n g e r s , a w a r cies of economic selfishness w h i c h w h i c h h a s become n e c e s s a r y for p r o v o k e w a r s , on sins a g a i n s t h u t h e e x p a n s i o n of a population m a n f r a t e r n i t y , on c o n t e m p t for w h i c h i n c r e a s e s day b y d a y , a t h e peace of C h r i s t — a n d invite w a r u n d e r t a k e n for t h e defence or C h r i s t e n d o m t o united p r a y e r s for t h e m a t e r i a l security of a c o u n t r y . a j u s t a n d l a s t i n g peace, e x h o r t i n g t h e n a t i o n s t o j u s t i c e and c h a r i t y " I t is a t t h e s a m e t i m e t r u e t h a t a n d even invoking a malediction if t h i s need for expansion m a y on all w h o w a n t w a r i n s t e a d of e x i s t , if t h e r e exists a s well t h e s t r i v i n g a g a i n s t it till all else h a s n e c e s s i t y of a s s u r i n g t h e defence failed. of t h e f r o n t i e r , we c a n n o t help h o p i n g t h a t it m a y b e possible t o M I S S I O N S CO-OPERATE. W I T H r e a c h a solution of all t h e difficult i e s b y o t h e r m e a n s w h i c h do not G O V E R N M E N T IN A G R I C U L TURAL PROGRAMME. involve w a r . W e do n o t k n o w by w h a t m e a n s , b u t we do n o t t h i n k S i w a n t z e ( C h i n a ) — T h e Chinese i t is impossible. T h i s possibility N a t i o n a l B u r e a u for A g r i c u l t u r a l m u s t b e studied. " O n e t h i n g s e e m s t o u s c e r t a i n : R e s e a r c h , c r e a t e d by t h e N a t i o n a l if t h e n e e d of expansion i s a fact G o v e r n m e n t in 1933 h a s p u b l i s h e d of w h i c h account m u s t b e t a k e n , a r e p o r t on land holdings in C h i n a t h e r i g h t of defence h a s c e r t a i n w h i c h s h o w s t h a t 4 6 % of t h e f a r m l a n d s in C h i n a a r e cultivated by l i m i t s w h i c h m u s t b e o b s e r v e d if t h i s d e f e n c e i s not t o become t h e p r o p r i e t o r s , 2 9 % by t e n a n t farmers, and the remaining 2 5 % guilty. b y p a r t o w n e r s of t h e f a r m s . I t " I n a n y case we p r a y t o God r e p o r t s t h a t for several y e a r s t h e r e t h a t H e m a y second t h e activities w a s a m a r k e d decrease in t h e n u m a n d t h e efforts of m e n of clear b e r of f a r m owners, with a c o r r e s vision w h o u n d e r s t a n d t h e exigencies of t h e t r u e h a p p i n e s s of t h e p o n d i n g increase in the n u m b e r of peoples a n d of social j u s t i c e , of all t e n a n t f a r m e r s . D u r i n g t h e p a s t w h o do t h e i r best, n o t b y m e a n s y e a r , however, t h i s codition h a s o f t h r e a t s , which do n o t h i n g b u t been s o m e w h a t reversed. Experiments in co-operative i r r i t a t e t h e spirit a n d a g g r a v a t e t h e s i t u a t i o n , r e n d e r i n g it every f a r m i n g conducted by t h e S c h e u t d a y m o r e difficult f o r t h o s e w h o F a t h e r s in t h e Vicariate Apostolic w o r k f o r pacification w i t h t h e of S i w a n t z e h a v e been e x t r e m e l y T h e mission in t h e really s i n c e r e i n t e n t i o n of avoid- successful. i n g w a r . W e p r a y t o God t h a t H e village of Y u c h u p i n g c a m e into possession of a large piece of f a r m m a y bless t h e i r efforts." land several y e a r s ago. I n o r d e r Since t h e words h e r e cited only j confirm o u r exposition of t h e t r u e to a s s i s t t h e Christians a n d g r o u p i n t e n t a n d p u r p o r t of t h e Pope's j t h e m a r o u n d t h e mission t h e priest w o r d s , w e need not dwell f u r t h e r ir. c h a r g e a r r a n g e d t h a t each would on t h e m a t t e r . B u t w e h a v e also be p e r m i t t e d t o cultivate a s m u c h h e a r d t h e question a s k e d , " W h y of t h e land a s he was able t o care does n o t t h e Pope speak out for. T h e mission supplies t h e land, b e a s t s of b u r d e n , and, w h e n necesagainst Mussolini?" s a r y , t h e seeds. A t t h e end of t h e T h i s question was a n t i c i p a t e d . A s w e p o i n t e d out, it p e r t a i n s to t h e h a r v e s t t h e f a r m e r p a y s t o t h e Pope, a s t h e s u p r e m e m o r a l teach- mission half t h e value of t h e b e a s t e r ; t o declare under w h a t condi- of b u r d e n , a n d r e t u r n s t h e equivat i o n s a w a r of defence is u n j u s t i - lent of seed he borrowed. In cases fied a n d u n d e r w h a t conditions it w h e r e t h e h a r v e s t is poor, t h e m a y b e justifiable—just as it is f a r m e r s a r e not held t o t h e payf o r t h e civil law-giver t o define m e n t b u t a n a r r a n g e m e n t is m a d e t h e conditions under w h i c h a m a n w h e r e b y w h e n young stock is born, b e c o m e s g u i l t y of m u r d e r and t h e t h e first animal goes to t h e mission c o n d i t i o n s u n d e r which h e m a y be a n d t h e second to t h e p e a s a n t . e x c u s e d a s h a v i n g a c t e d in self de- T h e s e a r r a n g e m e n t s are q u i t e diffence. M u r d e r is a heinous f e r e n t from t h e taxes imposed by offence; b u t it t a k e s a l e n g t h y land-owners, w h o may c h a r g e by t r i a l a n d t h e most careful sifting l a w 1 0 0 % i n t e r e s t on seed loaned of e v i d e n c e t o declare a p a r t i c u l a r a n d a r e entitled to a t a x a m o u n t i n g i n d i v i d u a l a m u r d e r e r ; and t h e to one half t h e crop. ( F i d e s ) . 1

CONVALESCENCE

AND

T

HE accumulated experience of over half a century shows Horlick's to be an ideal diet during illness and convalescence Horlick's is made from fresh full-cream cow's milk combined .with the nutritive extracts of wheat and malted barley. It contains no starch, and a certain proportion of its protein is available for direct assimilation. Its ease of digestion and assimilation, and its ready utilization in the body have been proved by actual physiological experiments. Horlick's is pleasing to the palate, appetizing, refreshing and sustaining. It is easily prepared, and is especially useful where frequent, small, light, easily digested meals are indicated. Ordinarily, Horlick's requires mixing with water only; it is, however, an excellent medium for the addition of milk, cream*' eggs or similar articles to the dietary.

I M P O R T A N C E O F CONCORDAT STRESSED. V a t i c a n C i t y — T o a s t s were exchanged a t a dinner given a t t h e Jugoslavian Legation in honour of Cardinal Pacelli, P a p a l S e c r e t a r y of S t a t e , a f t e r t h e signing of t h e Concordat. In t h e course of h i s speech Minister A u e r of J u g o s l a v i a said: " . . . . W e h a v e accomplished a n act of t h e g r e a t e s t importance t o both t h e Church and s t a t e . T h e eyes of so m a n y millions of f a i t h ful Catholics a n d loyal citizens of t h e kingdom of Jugoslavia, a r e to-day t u r n e d t o w a r d t h e V a t i c a n City a n d t o w a r d t h e g r e a t Pontiff, w h o w i t h such s t r e n g t h and wisdom, n a v i g a t e s t h e ship of t h e Catholic C h u r c h a m i d s t t h e a n guish and doubts of t h e p r e s e n t time. In t h e h a p p y event of t o d a y , t h e y see a new and g r e a t proof of t h e f a t h e r l y solicitude of his Holiness for t h e i r spiritual welfare." In his reply t h e Cardinal g a v e u t t e r a n c e to t h e following r e m a r k able w o r d s : " T h i s is a work of peace a n d confidence, a pjublic a t t e s t a t i o n of t h e utility and efficacy of h a r m o nious relations between t h e t w o powers on t h e basis of reciprocal esteem and of h o m a g e to t h e sovereign competency of t h e t w o societies, ecclesiastical and civil, each in its own sphere, according to t h e order established by God. This is a work which owes i t s foundation and progress t o t h e wisdom of a g r e a t Pontiff, w h o s e foresight embraces and p e n e t r a t e s t h e needs of both t h e p r e s e n t a n d t h e f u t u r e . It is also due t o t h e perspicacity of a Prince of clear intelligence and powerful will. (Lumen-N.C.W.C.)

F I R S T C L A S S MIRACLE AT LOURDES. , L o u r d e s — D u r i n g t h e Scottish national p i l g r i m a g e to Lourdes a F r e n c h n u n w a s suddenly and completely c u r e d of t h r e e wounds caused b y t u b e r c u l a r peritonitis a f t e r b e i n g placed in t h e bath by Scottish h a n d m a i d s of the sick. She w a s S i s t e r St. Margaret, of 23 Rue E d o u a r d , J a r d o n . She went t o L o u r d e s w i t h some 3,000 pilg r i m s f r o m Versailles. W h e n s h e a r r i v e d she had three r u n n i n g w o u n d s — t w o a t the nape of t h e neck and t h e third in her side—caused by tubercular peritonitis. S h e h a d been in bad health for t w o y e a r s . Since last January s h e had n o t been able to eat solid food; s h e could not contain even liquid. On W e d n e s d a y she was brought t o t h e b a t h s d u r i n g the period allotted t o t h e Scottish pilgrims. S h e w a s placed in t h e bath by two ladies f r o m E d i n b u r g h . When S i s t e r S t . M a r g a r e t was brought o u t of t h e b a t h , t h e two wounds on h e r neck w e r e dry. Not only that, b u t t h e skin over t h e marks of the wounds w a s pliable. N e x t m o r n i n g she was again placed in t h e b a t h . This time she e m e r g e d w i t h t h e wound in her side completely cured. That night s h e s p e n t t w o h o u r s a t t h e Bureau. A f t e r w a r d s she was able to eat her first solid meal, consisting of potatoes, m e a t a n d soup. So definite was t h e cure that th? Medical B u r e a u officially recognised it a s a first class miracle within a few h o u r s of its having occurred. L a t e r t h a t n i g h t one of the two S c o t t i s h ladies went to see the Sister. T h e nun came out to meet her. I t w a s t h e first time she had walked for t w o years. ( L u m e n Universe).


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13

W A T C H I N G A RETREAT

FOR

CONFERENCE.

PERFECT SNAPSHOTS

By Fr. Vincent McNabb, O.P.

Let your loins be girt and lamps burning in your hands, and you yourselves like to men who wait for their lord, when he shall return from the wedding; that when he cometh and knocketb. they may open to him immediately. Blessed are those servants whom the Lord, when He cometh, shall find >vatching " (Luke xii, 35-37.) Our dear Lord has already spoken what may befall us also if we are not about Watching and Prayer. He usually constant in our effort. purs Watching before Prayer, as if our We have also to watch the real exterprayer would be of very little worth nal things that concern us. There is a un-ess there were watching. great conspiracy in these days—a cerThere are various kinds of watching. tain kind of tide seems coming in—so We watch those we love and those we many things are attracting our attention fear. The mother watches the little one thar it is quite possible we have eyes in its cradle; the watchman at night and see not. We are not watching; not watches against the foe. I feel quite seeing the right things. certain that each one of those ways of There is a wonderful charm in going watching has its place in the spiritual out into the country with persons who life. It was Our Lord who spoke of it. understand natural science. I hardly St. Peter doesn't seem to have grasped know the names of ten birds myself. Obtainable rom fi the lesson of it, at first. Our Lord had But if you go out with people who told him to watch and pray. He didn't know, you realise they are watching. watch; he slept. We cannot combine our They know what they want to see. prayer with sleep—not with the sleep Then they see it. Perhaps it is some thac comes from forgetting to watch. bird. "Oh, yes, there it is!" The inSt. Peter does not seem to have been telligent eye is upon the external cirwatching sufficiently when Our Blessed cumstances. Ah, that is a very important thing. Lord was speaking to him. There should be a certain watchfulness when God is There is always plenty to see—the speaking to our soul. clouds, the sunshine, the trees—and we can hear the wind and the silence. But. We may find profit to our soul in nowadays there are so many things of thinking about watching, even if we canfavour of it. The tw o things standing an artificial character attracting us that S O C I E T Y O F MISSION A U X I not .always define what watching is. It up against it are the Catholic Church, we are inclined not to watch the right is evidently a primary thing, like Prayer. L I A R I E S E X T E N D I N G ITS and the ruins of Parenthood. Provided things. Our dear Lord said, "You can there is life, there is some hope. tell what the weather is going to be, We will try to find out some few things WORK I N C H I N A . You see, therefore, we must watch by about it. Our Blessed Lord has put it j but you cannot discern the signs of the times in your own soul." We are not having definite principles. That is w hy down as so necessary that we need not we should be so loyal to the Catholic think about that aspect of it. It is watching principles—not knowing what Louvain.—Two m o r e y o u n g prito look out for. Church and to its great principles. The evident that every effort towards spiritests h a v e left h e r e for t h e China demands made on us by the Church are ual life or growth must grow out of If we are looking out for pleasure, Missions d u r i n g A u g u s t , F a t h e r very few. If we want to make a good watching. Numbers of things make an we are looking out for death. If we general confession, we examine ourPardoen and F a t h e r Meeus, the attempt upon our spiritual life. We shall were looking out for perfection, that selves on the Ten Commandments and former for t h e V i c a r i a t e of W a n h w ould be a glorious career, one of the not keep our spiritual life unless we the Commandments of the Church. most exhilarating vocations in life. We watch. We shall not grow in the sien, Szechwan, t h e l a t t e r for t h a t should see certain things which would ! Those are the great principle we ought spiritual life unless we watch. What a of Haimen, Kiangsu. T h i s will i to live. We think of the commandment, genius some people have for making , immediately rule out quite a number of i "Thou shalt not steal," and say, "I'm b r i n g t o 7 t h e n u m b e r of priests other things. We find, in the history things grow, because they watch! So we not going to steal." of the Church in this country, people do must realise that our spiritual life itself of t h e y o u n g Society of Mission not seem to have been watching the By falling back on principles, we are Auxiliaries a l r e a d y s e n t t o t h e ard our growth in the spiritual life deright things. They were caught sleepinstantly watching. That is the wisdom pends upon our watching. That is of mission field a n d will double t h e ing in the sixteenth century. There was of God. If we get back to the primary fiist necessity, and must occupy our a defect of watching on a large scale. I n u m b e r of v i c a r i a t e s t o which t h e things of human activity, like the seaintelligence. They had not their eyes on Our Lord. faring craft, we see there is always Society is lending service. The subject of what we mean by watching. We find that good seamen And so, in our individual soul, we T h e Society of Mission Auxilliawatching is a little more difficult. Perare those who have their principles and have to look round and watch. We must haps it is looking round on the spiritual . ries w a s founded in r e c e n t y e a r s in times of difficulty fall instantly back be very careful where we set our feet. circumstances that are about us and in on them. Seafaring is a very difficult | in Louvain, w h e r e i t s h e a d q u a r We must seek the best things. "Safety ourselves. One of the values of Retreats craft. The seaman has to be humbly I t e r s a r e established. First" is a most excellent principle (its I t s special is that they give souls a chance of application often quite ridiculous). But obedient to the principles of his craft. j aim and p u r p o s e is to supply priwatching themselves, and of knowing Perhaps that is why Our dear Lord it might be the Eleventh Commandchose one brought up in that atmos- I ests t o w o r k u n d e r t h e n a t i v e Biwhat they are. Retreats are not meant ment. It expresses the essence of all phere of obedience to be head of His shops and P r e f e c t s Apostolic and to be pleasant. Watching oneself is not the other Ten. We must watch by Church. a pleasant thing. When we watch, we seeing the concrete circumstances t h u s f u r t h e r t h e development of corr.e to know our weakness—perhaps round about us. We have to take into It is a fine thing to live up to prin- t h e n a t i v e V i c a r i a t e s a n d P r e f e c the strength God has given us. So that account the concrete facts of our own ciples. The successful person is the one tures. fiist of all, watching consists in seeing soul and its circumstances. If we did who knows his principles and keeps ourselves in the concrete—not in seeing that, it would be so absorbing, we them. Inside the Catholic Church we T h e first t h r e e p r i e s t s t o b e s e n t should have very little time for anyanybody else, except to see their good have got the Moral Law, and if we are to C h i n a w e r e F a t h e r s de J a e g h e r , thing else. points, which will serve as va model to always trying to find out the principles Gilson, a n d W e n d e r s , w h o h a v e ourselves. * Over and beyond that, we cannnot on which we should act, we are watching, and nothing untoward will happen. been doing d u t y for several y e a r s Augustine one day saw a poor man in even watch circumstances without apThere are no new phenomena in the in t h e V i c a r i a t e s of S u a n h w a f u the gutter, drunk, and said, "There goes plying some kind of principle of watchor the supernatural Augustine but for the grace of God," ing. Watching is quite impossible un- psychological and A n k w o . L a s t y e a r ' s c o n t i n g e n t less we have certain principles to fall worlds. If there were, that would be bee;.use he realised God had been very comprised F a t h e r s Keyrnolen a n d miraculous. To-morrow's sun that rises back on. That is so wonderful. good to him. will be the sun that rose yesterday. Unden who have spent ten months There is Etiquette, or the lesser When we look round, perhaps we see One of the chief things we must learn w i t h t h e i r confreres while l e a r n i n g Ethics, especially Christian Etiquette, harvests that are never reaped, flowers a result oi* the slow growth of centu- is obedience to the great laws that ret h e language.. [Lumen.] that never turn to fruit, trees of much gulate the life of the Bride of Christ, ries, dealing chiefly with the relations premise that have to be cut down. Humbly we realise that unless this or between the sexes, and the relations be- the Church; and with that obedience we shall find things go right. What better never taken unawares. He can foresee tween authority and the subject, the thac step is taken in our own lives, that —and not only foresee but forestall. various kinds of authority, parental, thing could we put before the world fate will be ours. That is watching. than the claims of obedience? The ecclesiastical, the authority of age. There is a sense in which almost notWith eyes that remain open, things great difficulties threatening us on all thing unforeseen should happen to your are seen. The eyes of humility, even I imagine the common Catholic eti- sides are the difficulties of disobedience, soul and mine. We may be a little misthough they see the sins of others, in quette, which is practically identical in disobedience to authority and of authotaken about the colour of the sunrise, that very sight see their own. They see all countries, has been a great deal rity. " '• but never mistaken as to whether it *ith pity and compassion. They make modified of late. A change in that There should be no hesitation now in should rise. Jo judgment, except on their own selves. might be a change for the worse. It putting the claims of obedience before The great substantial happenings we Nothing is judged so harshly as their is quite evident that a change based on the world that needs that most of all. can foresee, the great dangers we can own harsh judgments on others. the denial of the old principles would In Our dear Lord's words, watching forecast—if we are only obedient and Wherever we are, we find examples have to be very severely challenged. is preliminary even to prayer. It is a do what we are told. The Wisdom of to imitate. Thanks be to God, in the That unlegislated code of laws called device for speaking of obedience to law, God has given His Bride, the Church, Etiquette is changing, and we might which alone will enable the human mind *hgious life there are numerous exthe true wisdom which will lead us out amples, spurring one on to still greater find that, by welcoming it as an en- never to be taken unawares. of darkness into the day. tirely new thing, we were ceasing to Victory only comes to the captain of efforts. (The Rosary). watch. Laws, when right, are the best armies who foresees and sees. He is A priest like myself who goes about, guide. Law is the concentrated wisdom fl;inMimiiimnii.ii..i.i.iniuiramira constantly finds in the very humble lives of the wise. Laws which simply proYour Birth-right Is Health—Prove It By \ jayfolk matter for great thankfulness mulgate themselves, finally obtaining 1 SIDDHA SATWA MAKARADHWAJA.—The Panacea For All Diseases. | ™d a challenge to higher virtue. I con- by their own inwardness, self-promul§ The King of Tonics to build up Nerve, Brain, Body and a sure remedy for | * iit!y realise what I personally owe to gated by their essential reasonableness I Nervous Debility, Asthma, Loss of Vitality, Impurity and Poverty of Blood. I People who never thought they were and goodness, are likely to be right. 1 All Fevers, Rheumatism, Consumption, Diabetes, etc. = ^ m g ^ anything. I have seen glorious I think that watching is needed in the j S Price—1 Phial of 60 pills for 30 days $5.00. 1 P t e s of people who were quite unkeeping of same etiquette. Chastity is j 1 Retain the Charm of Youth By Taking I ^ c i o u s of giving anything at all. more likely to be kept under the oldMy ABALA—RAKSHA. The Best Uterine and Haematinic Tonic. « 7 gratitude to them is overflowing. I fashioned etiquette; with the old3 This wonderful specific is highly efficacious in all cases of Menstrual | * hope that one of the last things I shall fashioned views of authority, states I Disorders, Profuse and Painful Menstruation, Spasmodic pain in Uterus, I do before I die will be to make an act would be much more stable. I can't | Ovarine Organs, Abdomen and Loins, Uterine Haemorrhage, Constant | thanksgiving for all the good ex- imagine what is going to come. There a Abortion and Miscarriage. | i l e s given me by people living in the is no particular satisfaction in saying, , s Price 1 Phial of 40 pills for 20 days $3.50. "I told you so!" That does not cure 9 elementary way of watching is by it. That is not going to stem it. The 1 AYURVEDA SIDDHA OUSHADHA SALA, nnmng out the good examples around us; 171-A, Selegie Road, SINGAPORE. other thing is in possession, and most I or, if | ^.jj f \ noticing =HAINNN!NNNNNIIMNOMNI!NIINIMHH»HC3,IIIHU!FNNUN!!?MNNMUNT things, except two, are strongly m !K(nnnnait<FLK8TTITJ!uinnftiK2A c

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14

Man is Judged by God at Every Moment

ONE H U N D R E D THOUSAND CONVERTS IN THREE YEARS. LACK OF MISSIONARIES A GREAT HANDICAP. U r u n d i (Belgian Congo, C e n t r a l A f r i c a ) — M o r e t h a n 30,000 conv e r t s p e r y e a r is t h e a m a z i n g r e cord of t h e V i c a r i a t e Apostolic of U r u n d i , m a n d a t e d t e r r i t o r y of t h e Belgian Congo, in C e n t r a l Africa. T h i s section in t h e h e a r t of t h e " D a r k C o n t i n e n t " is t o d a y t h e s c e n e of t h e g r e a t e s t m a s s movem e n t conversion t o C h r i s t i a n i t y . I n J u n e 1932 C h r i s t i a n s n u m b e r e d 7 8 , 0 2 6 ; t h e figures for J u n e , 1935, a r e 176,076 Catholics.

LOST SOUL IS A DEFEAT OF THE INCARNATION.

N e w Y o r k . — " M a n is j u d g e d by God a t every m o m e n t in life" declared t h e Rt. Rev. M s g r . William J . K e r b y , of t h e Catholic Univers i t y of America, in t h e first of a s e r i e s of a d d r e s s e s delivered over t h e "Catholic H o u r " recently. T h e "Catholic H o u r " is broadcast over a network of t h e National Broadcasting Company, through S t a t i o n W E A F , h e r e , a n d is produced by t h e N a t i o n a l Council of Catholic Men. S p e a k i n g on " T h e J u d g m e n t of T h i s consoling a d v a n c e c r e a t e s a g r e a t difficulty for t h e W h i t e God," Monsignor K e r b y said t h a t F a t h e r s , w h o a r e in c h a r g e of t h e " d e a t h a s s u m e s a place of comt e r r i t o r y . I t h a s been impossible m a n d i n g i m p o r t a n c e a m o n g t h e t o i n c r e a s e t h e p e r s o n n e l in p r o - solicitudes of C h r i s t i a n life" and p o r t i o n t o t h e g r o w i n g Catholic t h a t " t h e c o n s t a n t t r a d i t i o n s of community. A l t h o u g h a n a t i v e Catholic piety lead u s to p r a y for c l e r g y is being formed, t h e t o t a l a h a p p y d e a t h . " D y i n g justified, Incarnation n u m b e r of p r i e s t s in t h e V i c a r i a t e h e added, " t h e h a s i n c r e a s e d only b y 18 d u r i n g j t r i u m p h s in u s . " " T h e lost soul is t h e s a m e period, f r o m 42 to 60. j a d e f e a t of t h e I n c a r n a t i o n , " h e T h i s figure includes b o t h foreign declared. Monsignor K e r b y said t h a t " t h e a n d n a t i v e p r i e s t s . A s a result, e a c h p r i e s t h a s t h e c a r e of a l m o s t G e n e r a l J u d g m e n t t e r m i n a t e s t h e 3,000 souls, a t a s k sufficient in h i s t o r y of t h e I n c a r n a t i o n in t h e itself. ( F i d e s ) . r a c e , " while t h e " P a r t i c u l a r J u d g m e n t t e r m i n a t e s t h e h i s t o r y of t h e I n c a r n a t i o n in individual life." MAGNIFICENT PROGRESS OF Judged E v e r y Moment. CATHOLIC T R U T H SOCIETY. " W h e t h e r we a r e in positions of L o n d o n — I n t h e course of t h e p o w e r in i n d u s t r y , C h u r c h , or gofiftieth y e a r of i t s existence, t h e v e r n m e n t , leading a n a r m y , " t h e C a t h o l i c T r u t h Society of E n g l a n d s p e a k e r went on, " o r w e a r y w i t h sold 1,374,085 p a m p h l e t s , 42,774 e x a c t i n g m a n u a l l a b o u r ; w h e t h e r m o r e t h a n in 1933. T h e accession w e hold t h e h a p p i n e s s a n d dignity of n e w m e m b e r s w a s g r e a t e r t h a n of t h o u s a n d s in o u r h a n d s t h r o u g h a t a n y o t h e r t i m e , except t h e i n d u s t r i a l a u t h o r i t y or a r e t h e vico p e n i n g y e a r s of t h i s f o r w a r d t i m s of i n d u s t r i a l t y r a n n y ; movement. w h e t h e r we listen to t h e t h u n d e r s T h e Society published in 1934 of a p p l a u s e for g r e a t a c h i e v e m e n t s i x t y - t h r e e new p a m p h l e t s a t two o r m a k e futile r e s i s t a n c e t o o p pence o r under, while 147 p a m p h - p r e s s i o n and i n j u s t i c e — a t every l e t s w e r e r e p r i n t e d . A comparison m o m e n t , in e v e r y s i t u a t i o n , in pob e t w e e n t h e p a m p h l e t s sold in 1924 w e r a n d w e a k n e s s , in e r r o r and in a n d t h o s e disposed of last y e a r t r u t h , we a r e j u d g e d b y God. s h o w s t h e m o s t s t r i k i n g advances " G o d ' s a u t h o r i t y over life is a r e obviously in t h e social and complete, p e n e t r a t i n g , and cond o c t r i n a l sections. While in t h e s t a n t . His j u d g m e n t of us is infirst n a m e d y e a r 97,000 p a m p h l e t s fallible and i n s t a n t a n e o u s . Its d e a l i n g w i t h t h e d o c t r i n e s of t h e execution m a y b e delayed while we c h u r c h w e r e disposed of, t h e i r live. I n t h i s s e n s e w e m i g h t s a y n u m b e r increased t o 232,700 in t h a t life is t h e gift of His Provi1934. E v e n m o r e m a r k e d is t h e dence t h a t d e l a y s final j u d g m e n t . i n c r e a s e in t h e sale of p a m p h l e t s K i s jurisdiction p e n e t r a t e s t h e und e a l i n g w i t h social problems, t h e i r n u m b e r rose from 22,600 t e n y e a r s COMMUNIST CIRCULAR FOR I a g o t o 101,950. T h e g r e a t enCATHOLIC AID. cyclicals, it is believed, played no small p a r t in t h e quickened i n t e r e s t A Protest Demonstration. a r o u s e d in t h e s e s u b j e c t s . ( L u m e n ) New York.—The extraordinary F I R S T M E M B E R S O F A F R I C A N spectacle of C o m m u n i s t s calling T R I B E R E C E I V E HOLY upon Catholics t o join t h e m in one ORDERS. of t h e i r activities is shown in t h e K i l i m a n j a r o ( T a n g a n y i k a T e r r i - ofneial report of t h e New York t o r y , B r i t i s h E a s t A f r i c a ) — On Police D e p a r t m e n t on t h e disturJ u l y 2 8 t h , in t h e p r e s e n c e of t h e b a n c e s created on t h e n i g h t of J u l y Chief of Kilema a n d a n u m e r o u s 26, t h e occasion of t h e sailing of c o n g r e g a t i o n , H i s Excellency t h e t h e G e r m a n liner B r e m e n . Most Rev. J o s e p h B y r n e , C. C. Sp., A circular d i s t r i b u t e d by ComV i c a r Apostolic of K i l i m a n j a r o , m u n i s t s prior t o t h e disturbances r a i s e d t o t h e o r d e r s of E x o r c i s t is m a d e p a r t of t h e p o l i c e d e p a r t a n d Acolyte, t w o m e m b e r s of t h e m o n t r e p o r t . A d d r e s s e d to " b r o C h a g g a t r i b e . T h e y a r e t h e first t h e r s and s i s t e r s , " t h e circular told of t h i s t r i b e t o receive O r d e r s . Catholics t h a t "while you a r e a t T h e difficulties w h i c h face t h e s e M a s s t o d a y , " t h e H i t l e r Governy o u n g s e m i n a r i a n s a r e enough t o m e n t "is l a u n c h i n g t h e most b r u t a l p h a s e even t h e h a r d i e s t of a s p i r a n t a t t a c k on religious liberty in moa p o s t l e s . One of t h e g r e a t e s t is d e r n h i s t o r y . " T h e circular called t h a t of l a n g u a g e s . Besides know- upon "Catholics, J e w s , Commuanti-Fascists" to " u n i t e i n g t h e i r t r i b a l dialect, K i c h a g g a , n i s t s , i t is essential t h a t t h e y k n o w a g a i n s t H i t l e r " a n d announced t h a t t h r e e o t h e r l a n g u a g e s , K i s w a h i l i — t h e C o m m u n i s t p a r t y was calling t h e ' l i n g u a f r a n c a " of E a s t Africa, " a p r o t e s t d e m o n s t r a t i o n " a t B r e m e n pier. (N.C.W.C.) English and Latin. (Fides).

explored fastenesses of t h e h u m a n h e a r t . It follows t h e sweep of o v e r w h e l m i n g ambition and is in j u d g m e n t of it. I t r e g a r d s every kind of power t h a t m a n can exercise over fellowmen a n d holds t h e exercise of t h a t p o w e r subject to t h e Divine Will, t o t h e dignity of h u m a n i t y and its m o r a l d e s t i n y . .

Don't Give In To Indigestion!

" T h i s present j u d g m e n t of God is in a sense not God's j u d g m e n t a t all. I t is we who a r e o u r j u d g e s O u r choices u n d e r free will a r e God's j u d g m e n t . His mercy e n d u r e s forever. Without that m e r c y w e had long since perished. W e choose to obey God. We choose to disobey H i m . Those choices, subject t o o u r knowledge a n d m o r a l power, a r e t h e l e t t e r s by i w h i c h t h e j u d g m e n t of God is f o r m u l a t e d in respect of us Apply to Social Life. " T h e s e a r e e l e m e n t a r y t r u t h s of I s p i r i t u a l life set f o r t h from a personal standpoint. They have application, however, t h r o u g h o u t ; all social life and no one can be i excused from it. " E v e r y life is a f e d e r a t i o n of I i n t e r e s t s in one s p i r i t u a l Kingdom w h o s e R u l e r is J e s u s C h r i s t . W e a r e b y Divine i n t e n t i o n spiritual a n d w e cannot be o t h e r w i s e . W e a r e b y Divine i n t e n t i o n social and w e c a n n o t be o t h e r w i s e It w o u l d ' b e against all Theology, all Philosophy, all t r u e culture t o claim t h a t any social i n t e r e s t — b u s i n e s s , industry, b a n k i n g , r e el eation, journalism, scholarship, or a r t — e n j o y s t h e r i g h t of secession from t h e spiritual jurisdiction of God " T o r e f e r God's j u r i s d i c t i o n t o personal actions alone a n d fail t o recognize it in e v e r y capacity of social leadership is n o t h i n g s h o r t of social as well a s personal tragedy. God's j u d g m e n t of us finds no such distinction valid. I U n t i l t h e s e spiritual t r u t h s a r e understood, respected, a n d accepted fcr social guidance we shall know no social peace " (N.C.W.C) :

E N G L I S H CANON S E T S P R O CESSION R E C O R D . London.—Every y e a r for 62 y e a r s Canon Hookway h a s walked in t h e annual procession t h r o u g h t h e s t r e e t s of B a r n e t , n e a r here. H e b e g a n when h e w a s a little boy a t t e n d i n g the local school. He studied for the priesthood a t an i n s t i t u t e which t h e n existed t h e r e , and so was able t o keep up his y e a r l y walk. L a t e r h e was appointed parish priest, and since t h e n he h a s organized t h e procession himself every year. (Lumen—N.C.W.C.) family which h a s given m a n y of i t s m e m b e r s to religion. Several of his brothers a n d s i s t e r s belong t o religious o r d e r s , two b r o t h e r s b e i n g priests, Oblates of M a r y Immaculate. Since h i s ordination, 14 y e a r s ago, he h a s spent his life a s a n apostle a m o n g t h e Indians. H e w a s t h e a u t h o r of a dictionary of t h e Indian l a n g u a g e and had composed many p r a y e r s in t h e same l a n g u a g e . His d e a t h is a g r a v e loss for t h e missions of Canada. (Fides).

Indigestion is one of the most depressing and debilitating ailments to which human beings are subject; you have only to look at the miserable faces of its victims to know this. It is not necessary to ask the indigestion sufferer if he has taken anything for it. That is a foregone conclusion; but so many so-called 'cures' are but temporary palliatives. There is one way to overcome indigestion which has given immense and permanent satisfaction to innumerable formerly chronic dyspeptics throughout the world, and that is tonic treatment through the blood by means of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. Your chemist sells. Dr. Williams Pink Pills.

TRAGIC DEATH OF CANADIAN MISSIONARY. P r i n c e R u p e r t ( B r i t i s h Columbia, C a n a d a ) — T h e V i c a r i a t e of Y u k o n a n d Prince R u p e r t recently suffered a severe loss w h e n the* R e v . J . Allard, O.M.I., w a s swept from a canoe in w h i c h h e and His Excellency t h e Most R e v . Emil M. Bunoz, O.M.I., V i c a r Apostolic, w e r e travelling alone. H i s Excellency narrowly escaped drowning a t t h e s a m e time. T h e t w o missionaries w e r e maki n g a visitation of t h e missions in n o r t h e r n B r i t i s h Columbia and had left t h e mission of T e l e g r a p h Creek several d a y s previously without a n y guide, since F r . Allard was q u i t e familiar w i t h t h e territory. T h e y had visited M c D a m e ' s Creek a n d w e r e proceeding n o r t h when t h e y reached Cottonwood Rapids w h e r e t h e canoe in w h i c h t h e y were ti a veiling w a s c a u g h t in a strong c u r r e n t a n d t o r n f r o m t h e i r cont r o l . T h e Rapids a t t h i s point a r e very narrow and treacherous. O v e r h a n g i n g t r e e s g r o w i n g close to t h e w a t e r add one m o r e hazard. A s t h e canoe was c a r r i e d along by t h e c u r r e n t a b r a n c h of one of t h e s e t r e e s s t r u c k F a t h e r Allard and knocked him from t h e canoe, t o g e t h e r with several pieces of b a g g a g e , including t h e portable a l t a r and v e s t e m e n t s . T h e 71 year old Bishop could do n o t h i n g to control t h e direction of t h e canoe and had several n a r r o w escapes before t h e c u r r e n t pushed him in to the s h o r e almost t w o miles below t h e scene of t h e accident. H e hurried a s best h e could t o t h e place where F a t h e r Allard h a d disappeared but t h e r e w a s no t r a c e of him. Alone in t h e forest, w i t h o u t food or clothing, 30 miles from t h e nearest mission, His Excellency w a s forced to r e m a i n w h e r e he w a s until the following d a y when a p a s s i n g canoe c a m e to his rescue a n d brought him to McDame's. F a t h e r All a r d ' s body was n o t recovered until fifteen d a y s l a t e r a t a spot ten miles d i s t a n t from t h e scene of the tragedy. F a t h e r Allard w a s born in the Diocese of S a i n t - H y a c i n t h e in a (Contd. at foot of previous Col)


15

JUBILEE CELEBRATION: CHURCH OF THE SACRED HEART

Men's Committee in charge of reception, entertainment and other arrangements.

Parishioners of t h e Church of the Sacred Heart enjoying refreshments after mass.

Group photo of the members of the Committee who made bration of t h e Silver Jubilee of t h e Church of the Sacred success. In t h e centre is H. E . Bishop A. Devals and Lordship's right is Rev. Fr. S y , Vicar and on his left Fr. Cardon.

the celeHeart a on His is Kev.

A view of women and children at the refreshment booth erected for them.

Ladies' Committee in charge of reception and entertainment.

(Photo by Courtesy of Mr. Lim Kian LÂŤc).


16

MALAYA

CATHOLIC

LEADER,

SATURDAY,

5th OCTOBER, 1935.

FIRST CONGRESS OF CATHOLIC ACTION IN SHANGHAI. A TRIUMPH

OF

ORGANISATION.

(CATHOLIC R E V I E W SHANGHAI). H u n d r e d s of v i s i t o r s from all China were p r e s e n t in t h e i r episp a r t s of C h i n a a s well as t h o u - copal robes. T h e spacious chapel s a n d s of S h a n g h a i citizens h o n o u r - of St. J o s e p h ' s Hospice, was filled ed with devotion, solemnity a n d w i t h a d e v o u t congregation of splendour t h e i n a u g u r a t i o n of t h e v i s i t i n g Delegates and local C a t h o .am m m m first All-China N a t i o n a l Catholic lics. Sixty or m o r e priests a s s i s t Action C o n g r e s s a t S t . J o s e p h ' s ed. A boys' choir rendered t h e ecI n d u s t r i a l School, N a n t a o , on S u n - clesiastical c h a n t s w i t h t o u c h i n g perfection. M o r e t h a n 200 p e r s o n s day, September 8th. The cables a n d excellent n e w s - received Holy Communion, w h i c h p a p e r r e l e a s e s helped t h o s e w h o j w a s served by Monsignor Zanin w e r e u n a b l e t o a t t e n d t o follow t h e w i t h o u t a s s i s t a n c e . T h e Congress w a s officially openwonderful e v e n t w h i c h m a r k e d t h e first Catholic A c t i o n g a t h e r i n g , ed a t ten o'clock in St. J o s e p h ' s a n d t h e l a u n c h i n g of S h a n g h a i ' s ! Hall which w a s gaily and a r t i s t i c j ally decorated for t h e occasion. important undertaking To m a n y non-Catholics it m u s t | T h e national flag r a d i a n t wj^h a h a v e g i v e n a n e w aspect of t h e ! glowing sun a g a i n s t t h e blue backCatholic and- U n i v e r s a l Apostolic j g r o u n d r e s t i n g on t h e red p e n n a n t formed a fitting s e t t i n g for a clusChurch. t e r of golden s t a r s which s h o n e ENSURES PAINT DRYING W e m u s t r e f e r t o t h e publicity f r o m a h i g h ceiling, suspended b y : L I given t h e C o n g r e s s in t h e n e w s - t h e yellow a n d w h i t e Papal colours PREVENTS PEELING. BREAKING p a p e r s . I t is c u s t o m a r y t o g i v e which were a g a i n p r o m i n e n t in AWAY AND DISCOLORATION e x t r a c t s a n d r e v i e w s of i t e m s of t h e badges w o r n b y t h e officials. public i n t e r e s t , b u t o n e w a s a m a z e d T h e s t a g e w h i c h accommodated t o read detailed a n d u n u s u a l l y a c - t h e d i s t i n g u i s h e d P r e l a t e s c a r r i e d Any p a i n t , varnish, e n a m e l o r c u r a t e r e p o r t s of t h e g r e a t public t h e . t e x t , " T h y will be done," in colour may be applied o v e r Dusseal declaration of f a i t h t h a t is n o w l a r g e Chinese c h a r a c t e r s on a r u n £>> within a few d a y s of t r o w e l l i n g t a k i n g p l a c e in t h i s city. n i n g s t r e a m e r a g a i n s t t h e founda-on inside or outside work. I The C o n g r e s s w h i l e it is local tion wall, u n d e r which w a s placed c a n also b e said t o be n a t i o n a l . a medallion of t h e Sacred H e a r t , T h e H o l y F a t h e r P o p e P i u s X I , whilst a small Crucifix w a s sust h o u g h r e p r e s e n t e d b y t h e P a p a l pended from t h e proscenium. Nuncio A r c h b i s h o p Mario Z a n i n , His Excellency t h e Apostolic w h o h a s e n d e a r e d -himself t o t h e Delegate in robes of Office " w a s h e a r t s of t h e peoples of C h i n a , seated w i t h H i s Excellency Msgr. Warifi Studios • s e n t a p e r s o n a l l y signed l e t t e r t o Haouisee, B i s h o p of S h a n g h a i on the Congress. T h e same h a p p y h i s left a n d Mr. W u Te-chen, wei, President of t h e E x e c u t i v e F . C. Deitz, M. M. whose work t h o u g h t w a s e v i d e n t in a cable M a y o r of G r e a t e r S h a n g h a i on h i s Y u a n of t h e N a t i o n a l G o v e r n m e n t . speeds t h e glad t i d i n g s across the from C a r d i n a l Pacelli, V a t i c a n r i g h t hand, n e x t t o him w a s seated seven seas a f t e r h a v i n g satisfied Monsignor Zanin n e x t delivered S e c r e t a r y of S t a t e , a n d a m e s s a g e Mr. Lo P a H o n g , t h e P r e s i d e n t of avid a p p e t i t e s of local newspaper his inaugural a d d r e s s , in which h e from Cardinal F u m a s o n i - B o n d i , Catholic A c t i o n t o whom can be men. F a t h e r Deitz' work is the P r e f e c t of t h e S a c r e d C o n g r e g a t i o n credited a f a i r s h a r e of t h e excel- stressed several p h a s e s of t h e w o r k most precious "physical t h i n g " ©f P r o p a g a n d a . lent o r g a n i s i n g . On t h e p l a t f o r m to be u n d e r t a k e n a t t h e congress. which incidentally we hope will T o w a r d t h e end of his discourse, I t w a s p a r t i c u l a r l y pleasing t o w e r e seated 15 Bishops V i c a r s spoken with deep feeling, H i s E x - n o t escape t h e p a t e r n a l h e a r t of Apostolic a n d 4 P r e f e c t s Apostolic. t h e s u p e r i o r s , for t h e L u m e n Sert h e distinguished Prelates to recellency nearly collapsed from t h e While e x a c t figures a r e n o t y e t long strain imposed by t h e a r d u o u s vice A g e n c y is a h i g h pressure ceive a n d r e p l y t o c o n g r a t u l a t o r y u n d e r t a k i n g and only a m a n of c o u n t efforts of t h e Pontifical Mass a n d t e l e g r a m s f r o m m a n y high officials available, a p r e l i m i n a r y of t h e C h i n e s e G o v e r n m e n t a m o n g places t h e n u m b e r of v i s i t o r s a t - t h e subsequent demands on h i s F a t h e r Deitz zeal a n d talent could which w a s a m e s s a g e from* H . E . t e n d i n g t h e congress a t 22 P r e - eloquence. H i s a d d r e s s w a s t r a n - b r i n g it to t h e point of efficiency l a t e s , 34 m e m b e r s of t h e clergy, 67 slated into Chinese by Dr. Yu P i n . t h e p r e s s and public enjoy. Mr. W a n g Ching-wei, P r e s i d e n t of t h e E x e c u t i v e Y u a n of t h e N a t i o n a l lay d e l e g a t e s of b o t h sexes, a n d T h e p r e l i m i n a r i e s over, t h e deleThe next to speak w a s Mr. L o seven special r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of G o v e r n m e n t of C h i n a . P a H o n g — C h i n a ' s St. Vincent de g a t e s a t t e n d i n g t h e F i r s t National Several t e l e g r a m s a n d m e s s a g e s t h e Catholic p r e s s . Paul, who m u s t feel gratified a t Congress of Catholic Action here T h o u s a n d s of citizens, m a n y of t h e result of h i s work, for C h i n a settled down on t h e 9th t o the of g r e e t i n g w e r e received, a m o n g o t h e r s f r o m T h e i r Excellencies w h o m could n o t find room w i t h i n will surely be m u c h blessed by t h e business of a h e a v y agenda. They Mr. L i n Sen, M r . S u n Fo, H e a d of t h e spacious building g a t h e r e d in Congress of Catholic Action. S u c h t u r n e d o u t in full force despite the t h e L e g i s l a t i v e Y u a n , Dr. H . H . t h e compounds, a n d w e r e a f t e r - a manifestation of faith and de- s u l t r y h e a t . F a n s w e r e much in K u n g , M i n i s t e r of F i n a n c e , M r . w a r d s invited to g r o u p for p h o t o - sired activity, will increase t h e evidence and p r o c u r e d a modicum Chu C h e n g , P r e s i d e n t of t h e J u d i - g r a p h s a l o n g w i t h t h e distinguish- blessings t h a t already h a v e come of relief. cial Y u a n , a n d General Y e n , ed g u e s t s . to t h i s ancient c o u n t r y not only in T h a t t h e Catholic Action Flood S e c r e t a r y - G e n e r a l of t h e N e w Life Shortly a f t e r 10 a.m., t h e Apos- S h a n g h a i b u t elsewhere, w h e r e a Relief Appeal would realize a sum Movement. tolic D e l e g a t e led t h e p r e l i m i n a r y flow of c o n v e r t s who, k n o w i n g j of $20,000 Mex. w a s announced by I t w a s also pleasing t o t h e p r a y e r a n d a h y m n w a s s u n g b y a more about t h e Catholic F a i t h , a r e j Mr. Lo P a - h o n g , National PresiCatholics of C h i n a t o k n o w of t h e special choir accompanied b y a realizing t h a t t h e r e is a C h u r c h dent. T h i s appeal w a s launched good will e x i s t i n g between G o v e r n - band. B i s h o p A . Haouisee, S. J., built upon a Rock a g a i n s t w h i c h a b o u t a m o n t h a g o shortly after m e n t a n d C h u r c h , f o r not only a r e Vicar A p . of S h a n g h a i , t h e n r e a d t h e fires of Hell shall not prevail, it h a d been announced t h a t Pope p u r e l y s p i r i t u a l m a t t e r s involved, an a d d r e s s of welcome in L a t i n which can adequately supply tfie P i u s X I h a d donated a similar sum b u t a b e t t e r u n d e r s t a n d i n g a n d a and Chinese. H e w a s followed by spiritual, a n d resolve t h e t e m p o r a l | in aid of t h e i n u n d a t e d districts. m o r e liberal a n d t o l e r a n t v i e w p o i n t t h e Mayor, w h o spoke f o r a b o u t difficulties of m a n k i n d . J P a p e r s a n d Addresses. and s y m p a t h y in affairs of s t a t e s - 15 m i n u t e s a n d w a s w a r m l y a p Mr. Lo w a s followed b y Dr. Y u H. E . Bishop A. Haouisee, Vicar m a n s h i p is c r e a t e d and a p p r e c i a t - plauded. M s g r . Zanin t h e n a r o s e Pin, t h e chief and wonderfully ed w h e n m u t u a l i n t e r e s t is k n o w n to t h a n k t h e civil and ecclesiastical capable Catholic Action Director. i Apostolic of S h a i g h a i , read an t o exist. a u t h o r i t i e s of S h a n g h a i f o r t h e i r To e n u m e r a t e all t h e work achieved | a d d r e s s to t h e C o n g r e s s on Sunday j evening o n : " W h a t t h e Church T h e old a d a g e t h a t silence i s kind w o r d s of welcome, a n d t h e n , b y Dr. Yu Pin is not within t h e j E x p e c t s of Catholic Action Assoas t h e e n t i r e audience rose respectscope of t h i s w r i t e r . F r o m f o u n golden, is g r a d u a l l y being r o b b e d i d a t e s , " and a t t h e m o r n i n g Conof i t s l u s t r e . T o - d a y t h e whole fully to i t s feet, r e read w i t h g r e a t dation work, to translations, t h e ; ference on Monday presented anfully to i t s feet, h e read w i t h g r e a t whole g a m u t practically falls t o world a p p r e c i a t e s m o r e t h a n e v e r I o t h e r p a p e r on t h e closely allied before t h a t s y m p a t h e t i c s p i r i t of addressed b y H i s Holiness Pope t h e Reverend Dr. and never h a v e I t o p i c : " W h a t t h e C h u r c h PresupP i u s XI t o t h e Congress. T h e Rev. we witnessed a more s m o o t h l y national u n i t y w h i c h seldom u n poses a s r e g a r d s Catholic Action folds itself f r o m i t s sombre s h r o u d P a u l Yu P i n , National D i r e c t o r of r u n n i n g or b e t t e r presented public A s s o c i a t e s . " Catholic Action, read a Chinese function t h a n t h e lauching of t h e unless forced t o t h a t s p a r k of Mgr. P e t e r C h ' e n g , of H u n g t u n g . b r o t h e r l y u n d e r s t a n d i n g a n d h u - t r a n s l a t i o n of t h e papal c o m m u n i - Catholic Action Congress of S h a n Acclamations followed. ghai. Of course t h e A r c h b i s h o p s S h a n s i , g a v e a historical review on m a n s y m p a t h y a t t h e b e h e s t of cation. N e x t w e r e r e a d t h e t e x t s of t h r e e and Bishops of China were tljere " T h e Rise of Catholic Action in national tragedy. t e l e g r a m s t o be dispatched by t h e to help t h e i r b r a t h e r s of S h a n g h a i C h i n a . " Solemn Pontifical Mass, s u n g b y Congress t o t h e Holy F a t h e r in making t h e honour and w o r s h i p His Excellency A r c h b i s h o p M a r i o t h r o u g h Cardinal Pacelli, V a t i c a n of God an integral p a r t of t h e H. E . Bishop Simon Tso. Vicar Z a n i n , Apostolic Delegate t o China, S e c r e t a r y of S t a t e , to Cardinal, Congress. B u t p e r h a p s a special a t 8 a.m. i n a u g u r a t e d the C o n g r e s s . Fumasoni-Biondi, Prefect of t h e mention m i g h t be made of t h e Apostolic of H a i m e n , Kiangsu, spoke on " T h e Pope and Catholic Sacred C o n g r e g a t i o n of P r o p a g a n - P r e s s ; and w h e n we s^y press w e Action in C h i n a . " Fifteen distinguished prelates from t h e f a r f l u n g missions of da, and t o H. E . Mr. W a n g Ching- mention definitely t h e Very R e v . {Continued ov page 19)

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SPORTS CATHOLICS

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SOCCER.

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BOXING.

KENG HOCK TO CAPTAIN FIRST HEAVYWEIGHT CONTEST MALAYAN CHINESE. IN SINGAPORE. Chia Keng Hock has been chosen to captain the Malayan Chinese Football Team for the All National Games at Young Schmeling, a very promising Shanghai. The team sailed by the Phiiippino boxer in spite of asserting Conte Verde last Sunday after defeatmarked superiority up to the 8th round ing the United Services by 4 goals to 1 v.as obliged to give up in his fight with at the Jalan Besar Stadium, Keng Kock Kid Andre at the New World Arena on Sunday night. The contest was a light himself notching 2 of these. heavyweight one. * * * * * * Andre was extremely lucky for SINGAPORE CUP FINAL. Schmeling had the fight in hand and The Singapore Chinese fully deserved might have knocked him out. The their success against the Malays on Russian was severely punished and Saturday last at Anson Road. Although twice the referee was on the point of there were very anxious moments for the winners their defence was too | c-iopping the bout. tough a proposition for the Malays. The A cut over t h e eye in the third round Cup went to the Chinese by reason of upon which Andre concentrated time their 3-1 victory. Had Mat Noor played, and again weakened the Phiiippino the losers might have put up a more fiom loss of blood and in the 8th round determined fight and made their conhis seconds threw in the towel. Our querors go all out for victory. John sympathies are with poor Schmeling Then, the captain of the S.C.F.A. playwhile Andre's courage needs honouring. ed a sterling game. Chia Keng Hock was always so well marked that he never found himself favourably placed On October 4th Joe Mendiola will but the result of the policing of the meet Weber at the Olympic Stadium. Chinese sharpshooter was to give too Tho former is one of the most famous much latitude to the other forwards and of Phiiippino flyweights and should prove they availed themselves of the gilt edga tremendous attraction. He will be ed chances. conceding nearly a stone in weight. Their trainer Lim Yong Liang must * * * have been a happy man indeed when Max Baer, the great Hebrew playboy the final whistle went. He earned his of the Boxing Ring, was overwhelmingly success for he did more than any one defeated by Joe Louis, the newest conelse towards the improvement of the tender for the world's heavy weight side entrusted to his care. crown, when they met at the Yankee * * * * * *s Stadium, New York, on Sep. 24. In a friendly game of soccer played at Neither boxer is a Catholic but James the J.C.S.A. ground, on Thursday, the J. Braddock, the present champion, is 26th instant, the Upper Serangoon not only one but a Knight of Columbus Union XL, defeated the General Elecas well. Braddock will now have to detric XI., by 8 goals to 4. fend his title against the Negro. The scores were:— Messrs. Lim Teck Kim 4 „ Soh Boon Kwang 1 TENNIS. „ A. Manap 1 Goh Mui Seek 1 Goh Chin Boo 1 SURPRISE DEFEAT OF P. F. DE SOUZA. St. John's Institution of Kuala Lumpur defeated the Prince of Wales Institution, K.L., by 3-0 in the semi final of It was a surprise to tennis fans to the inter school soccer com petition for hear of the tennis defeat of Mr. P. F.* the Thomson Cup. de Souza of Malacca by a hitherto un* * * * * * known performer. Be Souza apparently plays very little these days and was Bernard Joy, the English amateur inbound to suffer defeat sooner or later. ternational centre half, will be certain P a r t n e r i n g C. F. Gomes, however in of a place in the Arsenal team before Open Doubles, he was able to win long for in the trials he displayed fine against a European pair. form.

C. N. Constantine, the West Indies Catholic cricketer, who plays for Nelson in Lancashire, has sustained an injury which will keep him out of cricket for the rest of the season.

SWIMMING. Kwok Chun Hang, the Chinese breast stroke champion has recently returned to China after completing a course of English a t the Christian Brothers' College, West Melbourne, Australia. IrAustralia, Kwok won the 100 yds breast stroke championship of Victoria and the 110 yds. Melbourne Centenary championship. He is now training seriously for the Olympic games in Berlin.

ATHLETICS. Among the finalists in the Singapore A. A. sports meeting fixed for October 6th are some names familiar to readers of the M.C.L. as being popular Catholfcs. Sebastian Then (100 yds., 220 yds,). J. E. Edwards (Long Jump). Sim Im Pen<*- ^\crh Jump, Pole Vault) F. Tanner (880 yds.) (

GOLF.

SHOE

CO.,

LTD.

SINGAPORE

Mrs. J. D. Laing, playing in the Andrew Currie Cup Tournament for th< womenfs golf championship of Singapore, defeated Mrs. Wise in the second round.

MR. C. C. SCOTT H O N O U R E D . General Satisfaction will be felt in Malaya a t t h e news t h a t H i s Excellency t h e Governor h a s b e e n pleased t o a w a r d t h e Colonial Auxiliary F o r c e s L o n g Service Medal t o Mr. C. C. Scott, B a n d m a s t e r of t h e P e n a n g a n d P r o v i n c e Wellesley Volunteer Corps, in r e cognition of his long a n d m e r i t o r i ous service. THE RACK. The secretary of the golf club had been having a thoroughly bad morning, not only with the committee, but with various members. He was touched when a nervously polite, obviously new member approached him. "Do you mind telling me where I can hang my coat and hat? I've only j u s t joined, and I don't know my w a y about yet." "Hang 'em on me, old chap," was the weary answer. "I'm the secretary." * * * * ASK THE DRIVER. A man from Aberdeen was driving a small goat cart, and when coming to a bridge, was stopped by the toll-col lecter. "Have I got to p a y ? " asked Sandy. "Yes, twopence." After a heated argument, Sandy paid, but when returning later in the day, the goat was sitting in the cart, while Sandy himself was drawing it. "Here," said the toll-collector, "yon know you've got to pay twopence'! Sandy shook his head and pointing to the goat said: "No good speaking to me. You'd better ask the driver."


MALAYA CATHOLIC LEADER, S A T U R D A Y ,

5th OCTOBER, 1935.

AROUND THE PARISHES SINGAPORE, OF

ST,

JOSEPH

OLD MICHAELIANS* R E U N I O N DINNER.

28th S e p t e m b e r . — C e l i n e R o s e m a r y L a z a r o o , b o r n on t h e 15th September, daughter of Henry M o n t g o m e r y L a z a r o o a n d of Rose Mabel L a z a r o o . God-par e n t s : F r a n c i s M. G r o s s e a n d Annie Mary Lazaroo. 29th September.—Philomena A n n e A l b u q u e r q u e , b o r n on t h e 25th S e p t e m b e r , d a u g h t e r of Louis A l b u q u e r q u e a n d of M a r y Albuquerque. God-parents: Joseph A r t h u r d e Souza and Rosaline J a c i n t o . 2 9 t h September.—Joan Magdalene P h y l l i s G o m e s , b o r n on t h e 1 8 t h S e p t e m b e r , d a u g h t e r of E r n e s t Gomes a n d of Nellie G e r t r u d e Gomes. G o d - p a r e n t s : Christop h e r J o h n G o m e s a n d Elizabeth Gomes. OF OUR L A D Y LOURDES.

OF

Teaching reference to t h e Late Rev. F r . L . Burghoffer. A very touching reference t o t h e l a t e Rev. F r . Burghoffer w a s m a d e by Rev. F r . Vendargon, acting p a r i s h p r i e s t of t h e C h u r c h of O u r L a d y of L o u r d e s w h o delivered a n i m p r e s s i v e s e r m o n in T a m i l d u r i n g t h e m a s s on S u n d a y last. T h e r e v e r e n d f a t h e r dwelt in brief on t h e f a t h e r l y affection t h e l a t e p a s tor had towards his spiritual j children d u r i n g t h e long period of J thirty-nine years and exhorted the I c o n g r e g a t i o n t o s h o w in r e t u r n t h e i r filial love b y offering t h e i r j p r a y e r s for h i m . A t 6.30 a.m. on Monday t h e 3 0 t h a Solemn R e q u i e m H i g h M a s s for t h e repose of t h e soul of t h e L a t e R e v . F r . L o u i s Burghoffer, w a s celebrated b y R e v . F r . V e n d a r g o n fn t h e p r e s e n c e of a l a r g e congreg a t i o n . M e m b e r s of Catholic Act i o n a n d of C.Y.M.A. including m a n y of t h e p a r i s h i o n e r s received Holy C o m m u n i o n d u r i n g t h e service. A m e m e n t o of t h e late R e v e r e n d F a t h e r , w a s given d u r i n g m a s s t o every one p r e s e n t . OBITUARY. The Late Mrs. Goh W e e Pah. Mrs. Goh W e e P a h (nee Ludovina L i m N g h e e N y o n g ) wife of M r . Goh W e e P a h , A s s i s t a n t Auditor & Accountant, Coo p e r a t i v e Societies D e p a r t m e n t , S i n g a p o r e , p a s s e d a w a y on Sunday, 29.9.35 a t t h e a g e of 42 leaving behind h e r beloved h u s band and 8 children t o m o u r n h e r loss. T h e f u n e r a l took place t h e following e v e n i n g a t Bidadari. Rev. F a t h e r S. L e e officiated.— R.I.P. ACKNOWLEDGMENT. Mr. Goh W e e P a h t h a n k s all t h o s e r e l a t i v e s , friends, t h e C a t h o lic A c t i o n i s t s a n d m e m b e r s of t h e C.Y.M.A. of S S . P e t e r a n d P a u l ' s C h u r c h w h o a t t e n d e d t h e funeral a n d paid n i g h t v i s i t s and also those v h o s e n t w r e a t h s , t e l e g r a m s and l e t t e r s of condolence in h i s sad bereavement.

In celebration of t h e patronal feast of t h e i r old school which was incidentally also t h e i r second anniversary, the Old Michaelians' Association, Ipoh held t h e i r Second A n n u a l Reunion D i n n e r on S a t u r day, 2 8 t h September, 1935, in t h e i r Association Hall, w h i c h w a s t a s t e fully decorated. In spite of t h e wet w e a t h e r over a h u n d r e d , including Old Boys a n d g u e s t s , a t tended. Among/ t h e g u e s t s p r e s e n t were Rev. Bro. Dositheus, Rev. F r . F o u r g s , Rev. F r . Cordeiro, Rev. F r . E d m o n d , Rev. Bro. J o h n E d w a r d , Mr. G. H a w k i n s , Mr. Louis Thivy, J.P., Mr. Lee A h W e n g , J.P., Mr. C h e a h Ghim Leng, J . P . , Towkay Chin Sem Lin, and T o w k a y Cheow Keen. Many o t h e r distinguished g u e s t s were unable t o a t t e n d owing to o t h e r e n g a g e m e n t s . T h e Association O r c h e s t r a und e r t h e baton of Mr. B . M. Remedios played beautiful selections d u r i n g t h e course of t h e evening. The Toasts. T h e loyal t o a s t s w e r e proposed b y R e v . B r o . D o s i t h e u s presiding a n d Mr. H o Kok Y e w , vice-Presid e n t , and w e r e pledged with musical honours. P r o p o s i n g t h e t o a s t of S t . Michael's a n d t h e Reverend B r o t h e r s , Mr. Lip S e n g Onn, t h e Hon. S e c r e t a r y of t h e Association, said t h a t t h e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e g a t h e r i n g of Old Boys f r o m different walks of life and of different races a n d creeds, some c o m i n g from a s f a r a s P e n a n g and K e d a h , and also t h e m e s s a g e s h e h a d received on t h a t occasion from e v e r y l a r g e t o w n in t h e P e n i n s u l a a n d from London and Milan, w e r e t h e t o a s t itself, and bore eloquent testimony to t h e h i g h e s t e e m and* sincere devotion in which t h e Reverend B r o t h e r s a n d t h e i r Schools were held by t h e i r f o r m e r proteges. St. Michael's stood h i g h as a n educational i n s t i t u t i o n in t h e count r y with t r a d i t i o n t h e Old Boys w e r e proud to uphold, a n d a s to t h e w o r k of t h e R e v e r e n d B r o t h e r s , h e need n o t say m o r e t h a n quote Sir C h r i s t o p h e r W r e n ' s epitaph, "If you wish to see m y m o n u m e n t , look a r o u n d . " People marvelled a t t h e i r success and world-wide organisation, b u t t h e y t h e Old Boys k n e w t h a t t h e i r s e c r e t lay in t h e i r selfless devotion t o t h e i r vocation of moulding t h e m i n d s of y o u t h according t o t h e p u r e s t and h i g h e s t ideals of education. O.M.A. Champions. Rev. Bro. Dositheus, in responding t o t h e t o a s t , said t h a t he w a s h a p p y to see such a l a r g e g a t h e r ing of Old Boys a n d t o witness tEe example t h e y w e r e s e t t i n g to t h e younger generation. I t was a h a p p y occasion for a n o t h e r reason a s t h a t d a y w a s t h e feast of St. Michael, t h e i r p a t r o n saint, w h o f o u g h t for fair play and justice a n d t h a t w a s t h e i r m o t t o . Inasm u c h as S t . Michael w a s a champion, he w a s glad t o see t h e i r Old Boys becoming c h a m p i o n s in differe n t b r a n c h e s of s p o r t , numbered a m o n g t h e i r r a n k s b e i n g t h e senior and junior Perak Badminton Champions, t h e j u n i o r P e r a k Ten-

IPOH.

PENANG

0

BAPTISMS.

CHURCH

KUALA LUMPUR,

IPOH

SINGAPORE CHURCH

PENANG,

OBITUARY. T h e L a t e Sister R a p h a e l . On Sunday afternoon S i s t e r Raphael, surrounded by t h e L a d y Superior and all h e r S i s t e r s , passed peacefully a w a y a t 2.30 p.m. Sister Raphael, an Italian by b i r t h , came to t h i s c o u n t r y in December 1919. She w a s j u s t 42 y e a r s old. H e r d e a t h w a s not unexpected a s s h e had always been in delicate h e a l t h , a n d for t h e past few y e a r s she w a s practically an invalid. S i s t e r Raphael e n d e a r e d herself t o all h e a r t s , a n d realized fully t h a t she w a s w o r k i n g for God's Glory in h e r illness, j u s t as s h e would, h a d H e blessed h e r w i t h good h e a l t h . On Monday m o r n i n g a t 6.15 Mass w as c e l e b r a t e d in t h e Convent Chapel for t h e repose )f h e r soul, by Rev. F a t h e r Deyrat. A f t e r Mass, a t 7.30 t h e F u n e r a l Services w e r e conducted by Rev. F a t h e r S o u h a i t assisted b y Rev. F a t h e r Riboud, Father Deyrat and Father Lopez. Rev. B r o t h e r P a u l a n d Rev. Bro. Patrick with t h e Sisters, t e a c h e r s and pupils of t h e Conv e n t w e r e p r e s e n t a t t h e funeral a t t h e W e s t e r n Road C e m e t e r v . —R.I.P.

F o r over a q u a r t e r century GOLD L E A F T E A has been recognised as symbolic of the utmost in skill in Blending, honour and integrity in the packing of Fragrant and Inimitable Tea. Of all dealers throughout Malaya,

F. A. B A R T H O L O M E W LTD.,

r

nis Champion, a n d S t a t e Footballers. T h o u g h t h e y all could not play t h o s e g a m e s well, t h e y could n e v e r t h e l e s s play t h e g a m e . He w a s proud of t h e Old B o y s and in conclusion t h a n k e d t h e m for t h e i r kind w i s h e s . H i s t o r y of t h e School a n d t h e Association. Mr. P . J. Mor Singh, t h e first H e a d m a s t e r of St. Michael's School, whose t o a s t w a s proposed with t h a t of t h e School a n d the B r o t h e r s , in a h u m o r o u s speech, recalled t h e good old a n d particularly to t h e 4th of December, 1912, w h e n t h e school w a s founded and r e f e r r e d t o t h e f o r m a t i o n of t h e O.M.A. H e suggested t h a t a fund should be opened t o p u t u p a newbuilding to c o m m e m o r a t e t h e Silv e r Jubilee of t h e School which would come off in two y e a r s hence. T h e Toast of t h e G u e s t s . Dr. V. R. Gabriel in proposing t h e t o a s t of t h e g u e s t s said t h a t t h e Association w a s honoured by h a v i n g in t h e i r m i d s t such a gat h e r i n g of d i s t i n g u i s h e d guests, a m o n g whom w e r e council memb e r s and justices of t h e peace. T h e Association needed t h e i r t r u s t and help and it w a s t h e i r hope t h a t t h e y would always deserve t h e i r goodwill. Mr. H a w k i n s , replying on behalf of t h e g u e s t s , said t h a t t h e y as o u t s i d e r s took a lot of i n t e r e s t in t h e Association because it w a s an institution of profound importance. A person's real education s t a r t e d not in school b u t a f t e r leaving school when he faced t h e world, and a t t h a t s t a g e it w a s a n association of t h e n a t u r e of t h e O.M.A. t h a t should prove m o s t useful.

Agents:

12—A, Robinson Road, SINGAPORE. KUALA ST.

LUMPUR

MARY'S CATHOLIC SOCIETY.

N e w building of t h e St. Mary's Catholic Society a n d School, Kuala L u m p u r , w a s officially opened on S u n d a y t h e 22nd S e p t e m b e r , 1935, ac 4.30 p.m. T h e St. M a r y ' s Catholic Society, K u a l a L u m p u r , w a s e x e m p t e d from r e g i s t r a t i o n in 1916 b u t t h e actual f o r m a t i o n of t h e Society took place in October, 1911. A s h o r t history of i t s f o r m a t i o n a n d subsequent activities will b e p r e s e n t e d later.

TO L E T . C H U R C H O F T H E ASSUMPTION PROPERTY. To L e t : 14 A r g u s L a n e . Excellent r e n o v a t e d dwelling house w i t h i n a stone's t h r o w of the C h u r c h of t h e A s s u m p t i o n , the P e n a n g Convent a n d St. Xavier's I n s t i t u t i o n . $ 3 0 / - p e r mensem. Apply Rev. F a t h e r J . B. Souhait, 3, F a r q u h a r S t r e e t , Penang. ^

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CYMA t h e Countries. WATCHES and CHRONOMETERS acknowledged the BEST in all Agent:

RENE ULLMANN, SINGAPORF

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M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y ,

A PROPOSAL

FOR

PRIESTS.

5th OCTOBER, 1935.

PRAYER

FOR U N E M P L O Y M E N T RELIEF. O

MISSIONARY INTENTION FOR OCTOBER 1935—"THE MISSIONARY UNION OF THE The purpose of t h e Missionary Union of t h e Clergy i s to aid Catholic missions b y a w a k e n i n g o r intensifying in t h e h e a r t s of all priests zeal for t h e conversion of the heathen a n d by r e a c h i n g all Catholics t h r o u g h t h e p r i e s t s , enlisting their s u p p o r t in t h e w o r k of extending t h e K i n g d o m of Christ t h r o u g h o u t t h e world. It is not a new association for gathering funds. I t s a i m is t o help t h e missions b y s p r e a d i n g correct knowledge of t h e m , so t h a t Catholic missionary w o r k m a y no longer be considered a s s o m e t h i n g arbitrary, s o m e t h i n g t o b e aided or neglected a t will, b u t a n essential part of a Catholic's d u t i e s . Members of t h e association seek to attain t h e i r p u r p o s e b y p r a y e r , by acquiring a n d i m p a r t i n g t o others correct notions of missionary work, by f o s t e r i n g m i s s i o n a r y vocations, by u r g i n g t h e people in general to help t h e m i s s i o n s , a n d by assisting t h o s e w h o a r e in charge of m i s s i o n a r y co-operation. The m e m b e r s also help t o m a k e known t h e Pontifical Mission-Aid Associations: t h e P r o p a g a t i o n of the F a i t h , for t h e g e n e r a l s u p p o r t of Catholic missions, t h e Society of St. P e t e r Apostle, for t h e construction of s e m i n a r i e s in m i s sionary lands and f o r t h e m a i n tenance of n a t i v e s e m i n a r i s t s , t h e Holy Childhood Association, f o r the ransom a n d C h r i s t i a n education of o r p h a n s , t h e A n t i - S l a v e r y Fund, for t h e s p r e a d of t h g f a i t h in Africa.

CLERGY."

siae:" "Nevertheless, t h a t t h i s work m a y be linked w i t h t h e o t h e r duties of y o u r pastoral office, see t o it t h a t t h e Missionary Union of t h e Clergy be established in your diocese, if it h a s already been established, encourage it t o renewed activity w i t h your advice, exhortation a n d a u t h o r i t y . T h i s Union which w a s providentially founded eight y e a r s ago by Our I m m e d i a t e Predecessor, was enriched with n u m e r o u s indulgences a n d w a s blessed u n d e r t h e a u t h o r i z a t i o n of t h e Sacred Congregation of t h e Council; in t h e s e last y e a r s , it h a s spread over m a n y dioceses of t h e Catholic world. We ourselves have honoured it more t h a n once w i t h t e s t e m o n i a l s of Our pontifical benevolence. All t h e p r i e s t s who belong t o t h i s Missionary Union, and all ecclesiastical s t u d e n t s , according t o t h e i r s t a t u s , p r a y p a r ticularly in t h e Holy Sacrifice of the M a s s , a n d encourage o t h e r s to pray, for t h e gift of f a i t h for t h e i n n u m e r a b l e m u l t i t u d e of p a g a n s . E v e r y w h e r e and on e v e r y possible occasion t h e y preach t o t h e people concerning t h e a p o s t o l a t e to be carried on a m o n g t h e h e a t h e n , or t h e y see t o it t h a t , f r o m t i m e t o t i m e on c e r t a i n days, v e r y profitable conferences on missionary w ork a r e held. T h e y s p r e a d m i s sionary l i t e r a t u r e , a n d w h e n e v e r t h e y m e e t a person w i t h signs of a m i s s i o n a r y vocation, t h e y direct t h a t p e r s o n t o an i n s t i t u t i o n w h e r e he m a y b e properly p r e p a r e d . In every w a y possible t h e y encourage and p r o m o t e , within t h e limits of t h e i r own diocese, t h e w o r k of t h e P r o p a g a t i o n of t h e F a i t h , and all o t h e r w o r k s subsidiary t o it. You are well a w a r e , V e n e r a b l e B r e t h ren, of t h e m e a n s a l r e a d y supplied by t h e Missionary Union of t h e Clergy for t h e aid of t h i s good work a n d of t h e m e a n s which t h e future promises, a s t h e generosity of t h e F a i t h f u l increases y e a r by year. Some of you, Venerable B r e t h r e n , h a v e been p a t r o n s and sponsors of t h i s M i s s i o n a r y Union in y o u r own dioceses. I t is O u r e a r n e s t desire t h a t henceforth t h e r e b e no cleric w h o h a s n o t j been inflamed w i t h t h e love of t h e missions." r

The Missionary U n i o n of t h e Clergy was founded in 1916 b y Father Paul M a n n a , a f t e r w a r d s Superior General of t h e F o r e i g n Missions of Milan, a n d it w a s a p proved t h e s a m e y e a r b y P o p e Benedict X V who m a d e special mention of it in his m i s s i o n a r y enclycial, " M a x i m u m I l l u d " : "But that our wishes m a y b e c a r r i e d out with b e t t e r s e c u r i t y a n d success, you absolutely m u s t , V e n e rable B r e t h r e n , direct, so t o s a y , the training of y o u r clergy t o wards t h e object of t h e m i s s i o n s . The Faithful, a s a r u l e , a r e willing and love to s u p p o r t apostolic m e n ; but you m u s t m a k e a wise u s e of this inclination, for t h e g r e a t b e nefit of t h e m i s s i o n s . Know, therefore, t h a t it is- O u r wish t h a t all Catholic dioceses of t h e world t h e r e be founded w h a t W e would call a M i s s i o n a r y Union of the Clergy, to be placed u n d e r t h e authortty of t h e S a c r e d C o n g r e g a tion of t h e P r o p a g a t i o n of t h e *aith to which W e h a v e given all necessary authority. Recently founded in Italy, i t h a s r a p i d l y spread to o t h e r c o u n t r i e s ; a n d a s it has flourished w i t h O u r s u p p o r t , ™e have munificently endowed it "rtn Pontifical indulgences. And [or good reasons, f o r u n d e r i t s influence t h e a c t i v i t i e s of t h e ciergy are excellently directed, n o t Fo-ky\ inspring t h e * « M u l with a zeal for souls, b u t £2? ^ t h e various institutions which t h e Apostolic See ?*s Patronized for t h e benefit of e missions."

A n y p r i e s t or s t u d e n t of t h e o logy m a y enroll in t h e Union. Founded in I t a l y in 1916, t h e Missionary Union in t h a t c o u n t r y now has 38,000 m e m b e r s . I n A u s t r i a 3,346, one-half t h e t o t a l clergy, a r e enrolled; in Belgium, 9,565; F r a n c e , 28,000; G e r m a n y , 16,000; Spain, 16,000; E a s t e r n Canada, 4,000; Holland, 6,000; H u n g a r y , 3,679; Czechoslovakia, 2,000; Yugoslavia, 2,000; Switzerland, 2,000 Philippine Islands, 1,000.

pJi\ * Holy F a t h e r P o p e ed tfc has likewise r e c o m m e n d SDenifi! n . m e n t i o n e d it ^ i f i c a l l y in his " R e r u n , Eccle-

I n t h e United S t a t e s , t h e Missionary Union of t h e Clergy, a s a national association, is y e t t o be organized. (Fides).

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H i s Holiness h a s proposed t h e Missionary Union of t h e Clergy as t h e special missionary intention of t h e Apostleship of P r a y e r for October, w i t h t h e wish t h a t it m a y be f u r t h e r s t r e n g t h e n e d a n d developed f o r t h e p u r p o s e of m o r e quickly a n d t h o r o u g h l y a t t a i n i n g its scope.

19

M A L A Y A N C H U R C H E S TO H O L D N E X T SUNDAY. 1st Oct., 1935. A day of prayer in Malayan churches next Sunday for a solution of the unemployment problem and alleviation of distress, is called for in an appeal issued to-day. .j

T h e appeal is signed by r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of C h r i s t i a n Churches, a n d reads: '"The public of S i n g a p o r e c a n n o t fail t o h a v e been profoundly shocked b y t h e evidences of continued u n e m p l o y m e n t a n d distress w h i c h h a v e recently come t o light. " I t is beyond question t h a t , in spite of t h e p a r t i a l r e c o v e r y * o f commerce a n d i n d u s t r y , t h e condit i o n of a n appreciable p r o p o r t i o n of t h e c o m m u n i t y r e m a i n s d e s p e r ate, and t h a t t h e process of a d j u s t m e n t , w h e r e b y t h e essentials of life will b e s e c u r e d t o every individual, is still f a r f r o m complete. ' T h e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of the C h r i s t i a n bodies, w h o s e s i g n a t u r e s a p p e a r below, a r e acutely a w a r e of t h e sufferings of t h e poor a n d d e s t i t u t e , a n d believe t h a t t h e first a n d m o s t effective m e a n s f o r t h e i r relief is t o i n v o k e t h e h e l p a n d g u i d a n c e of God. " T h e y t h e r e f o r e appeal t o all t h e i r followers t o observe S u n d a y October 6, a s a d a y of intercession on t h i s behalf in t h e i r own C h u r ches,* w h e n special p r a y e r s will b e offered b o t h t h a t t h e leaders of t h e c o m m u n i t y , official a n d unofficial, m a y be i n s p i r e d w i t h w i s d o m a n d goodwill t o achieve a constructive solution of t h i s u r g e n t problem, a n d t h a t t h e requisite m e a n s m a y

SERVICES

be provided for t h e removal of privation and d e s t i t u t i o n . "Sacrifice Of S u b s t a n c e . " " I t would be inconsistent w i t h t h e p r i m a r y purpose of t h i s appeal 8o s u g g e s t in a d v a n c e a n y p a r t i - ; cular r e m e d y for t h e social disortf-' er, or t o plead t h e c a u s e of a n y p a r t i c u l a r society. We should be failing in our d u t y if we did n o t r e m i n d o u r C h r i s t i a n people t h a t n o p r a y e r s for t h e intervention of God c a n be wholly sincere unless t h e y a r e accompanied b y t h e willingness t o m a k e r e a l sacrifice of service a n d s u b s t a n c e on behalf of t h e needy, a n d t h a t s u c h humanitarian agencies as the Children's Aid Society and t h e Child Welfare Society, no less t h a n t h e charitable efforts of t h e R o t a r y Club, T h e S t . V i n c e n t de P a u l ' s Society and o t h e r s t o administerdirect relief, h a v e a p r e s s i n g claim upon o u r generosity. " B u t our i m m e d i a t e object is t o e n c o u r a g e a C o r p o r a t e act of priayer, a s a V e s u l t of w h i c h w e a r e confident t h a t a n e w sense of r e s ponsibility will b e awakened" (signed). A. Devals, Bishop of Malacca. Edwin F . Lee, B i s h o p , Methodist Episcopal C h u r c h . W. Murray, P r e s b y t e r i a n Church. Alex. J. Turner, Secretary* Bethesda Hall. H e r b e r t A . Lord, Brigadier, T h e Salvation A r m y . Basil Singapore, Bishop of Singapore. ;

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT. [We acknowledge w i t h t h a n k s t h e 'maiden issue' of T h e Malayan Radio T i m e s published b y L i t h o g r a p h e r s L t d . T h e publication contains m u c h i n t e r e s t i n g and informative m a t t e r for Radio f a n s , a n d w e w i s h t h e Radio Times everv success in i t s field of endeavour.— Ed. M.C.L.] F I R S T C O N G R E S S O F CATHOLIC ACTION IN SHANGHAI.

sessions. N o t m e r e love of m a n for m a n ' s sake, b u t r a t h e r a s u p e r n a t u r a l int e r e s t in m a n for God's sake w a s t h e motive behind all Catholic social effort, A r c h b i s h o p Z a n i n , w h o presided declared when openi n g t h e m o r n i n g conference. T h i s m o t i v e , he said, s p r i n g i n g from t h e first and g r e a t e s t c o m m a n d m e n t , w a s t h e v e r y soul t h a t gave life a n d orientation t o all Catholic e n t e r p r i s e s in t h e social field.

Bishop Chow's L a t i n A d d r e s s . (Continued

on page 15)

The e a r l y afternoon session, a t 3.30, w a s a special Conference of t h e Clergy. I t w a s a t t e n d e d by 12 Bishops a n d Apostolic P r e f e c t s a n d close to 70 p r i e s t s . A splendid paper in L a t i n o n : " T h e R i g h t s a n d Duties of Ecclesiastical Assist a n t s a s R e g a r d s Catholic A c t i o n " w a s p r e s e n t e d by H. E. Bishop Joseph Chow, C M . Vicar Apostolic of Paotingfu, Hopei. T h e scholarly t r e a t i s e , delivered w i t h e a r n e s t eloquence, m a d e a deep impression on all present, a n d w a s h e a r d with wrapt attention, though lasting a full hour. T h e Apostolic Delegate in his s u b s e q u e n t comment, voiced t h e general appreciation. The session a t 5 p.m. w a s given over to R e p o r t s . Mr. Lo P a - h o n g g a v e a n account of t h e work of t h e Catholic Action Associations of Shanghai. Other reports presented detailed Catholic Action activit i e s in Tientsin, Peiping, T a i y u a n fu, Hankow, Canton, Macao and several o t h e r cities. A delegate from Singapore also gave an account of work being done t h e r e . First and Greatest Commandment.

T h e topic of t h e first a d d r e s s w a s " T h e Social F o r m a t i o n of Catholic Action A s s o c i a t e s " and m e t w i t h excellent t r e a t m e n t by Bishop Noel Gubbles, Vicar Apostolic of I c h a n g , Hupeh. T h e p a p e r w a s in M a n d a r i n and forcefully delivered. T h e second a d d r e s s was on " P e a s a n t F e d e r a t i o n in C h i n a . " t h e speaker being M r . V i n c e n t W ang, Doctor of Political a n d E c o nomic Science, a n d a n a u t h o r i t y on t h e f a m o u s Boerenbond, t h e P e a s a n t F e d e r a t i o n of Belgium. "Medical W o r k a n d Catholic A c t i o n " was t h e s u b j e c t of t h e t h i r d address and was presented by Dr. J o s e p h C h a n g H a n - m i n , head of t h e microbiological d e p a r t m e n t of t h e Catholic U n i v e r s i t y of P e k i n g a n d Director of a n t i - t y p h u s research. r

Questions of sociological import j absorbed a t t e n t i o n a t T u e s d a y ' s 1

(To be

continued)


O F F I C I A L

O R G A N

O F

PUBLISHED

20 Pages. No. 40.

C A T H O L I C

A C T I O N

WEEKLY.

MALAYA CATHOLIC LEADER, SATURDAY, 5th OCTOBER, 1935.

10 Cents.

ST. TERESA O F T H E I N F A N T JESUS

th " p an o le S w an h fo m h h of a de

"d R H It de Y of F it th or ni ne in A w an

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Sculptured g r o u p s u r m o u n t i n g t h e

m a i n a l t a r of t h e Chapel of t h e Carmelites a t Lisieux.

Published by Rev. Fr. Cardou and Printed by Lithographers Limited, 37/38, Wallich Street, Singapore, S.S.

OCTOBER 05, 1935, VOL 01, N0 40  

THE HISTORY & POSITION OF CHRISTIANITY IN ABYSSINIA. CATHOLICS ONLY 50,000 IN POPULATION OF TWELVE MILLIONS.

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