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The power and influence of the Catholic Press are so great that even seemingly insignificant activity in its favour is of great importance. Anything you do for the Catholic Press I will consider done for me personally,—Pope Pius XI.

Xn vain will you found missions and build schools, if you are not able to wield the offensive and defensive weapon of a loyal Catholic Press.—Pope Pius X .









No. 25.

Greetings To Papal


10 cents.


Cordiality Between France And Vatican Official Reception Of Card : Pacelli HIS J O U R N E Y








(Paris Correspondent N.C.W.C. News Service.) Paris.—The extent of the cordial relations that now exist between the French Government and the Vatican was emphasized by the unusual honours conferred upon His Eminence Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli, Papal Secretary of State and Legate a latere to the Lourdes Triduum. Not for more than a century has a Prince of the Church received such homage on French soil. A Minister of State, M . Louis Marin, was sent in the name of the Republic to receive His Eminence upon his arrival at the Franco-Italian frontier. In the station at Ventimiglia the Italian Government had arranged for civil authorities to bid farewell to the Cardinal Legate while troops from the garrison presented arms. Minister Marin was accompanied by a French diplomat, Ambassador Dard, selected for this honour because he had been Minister at Munich when the present Papal Secretary of State was Nuncio to Bavaria. Station Decorated A t Nice. The station at Nice was sumptuously decorated with tapestries, banners and potted rhododendrons in flower. The highest authorities, not only of Nice but of all southeastern France, came to bow before the Legate as he descended from the train. Among them were the Municipal Council of Nice, the former Minister of Foreign Affairs Gabriel Hanotaux as representative of the Academic Francaise, the commanding general of the army corps who had come from Marseille for the occasion, the admiral commanding the sea front from Toulon, the superior commandant of air forces from Lyons, the rector of the Academy and the president of the Court of Appeals both of whom came from Aix-en-Provence. When His Eminence appeared on the station platform surrounded by his distinguished hosts, he received a great ovation from 50,000 persons who filled the squ-



are and overflowed into the neighbouring streets. A regiment rendered military honours. Snappy commands were heard, bugles sounded, the military band played the pontifical hymn.




Bishop of Tarbcs


Gerlie Lourdes.



CO.. L T D .


Minister Marin then conducted His Eminence to a platform where, facing the crowd he welcomed him officially, declaring his arrival to be an event of the highest importance in the secular history of the relations between the Church and France. At the same time that he offered felicitation and best wishes with regard to the distinguished mission of Cardinal Pacelli, he expressed in the name of the entire nation the sympathy it felt for His Eminence in the affliction caused him by the recent death of his brother. He spoke with emotion of the consolation which the Cardinal Legate would find in his illustrious pilgrimage to Lourdes where unforgetable spectacles awaited him.

The crowd then knelt and His Eminence gave his blessing before he departed. Following the departure from Nice, Minister Marin was host to the Cardinal and his suite at a dinner. Minister Marin expressed his profound respect for the Sovereign Pontiff and his envoy. He assured His Eminence that the words of the Holy Father on devotion to peace had found the most resounding echo in French hearts. Cardinal's Response. In expressing his appreciation for the honours rendered him by the leaders of the nation, the Cardinal Legate affirmed his confidence that the celebration at Lourdes would contribute to the general awakening of wills and consciences, the principal guarantee of concord and peace. A l l along the line, even in those stations where the train did not stop, crowds were assembled to (Contd. on page 2)





Full Text of the Holy Father's Homily At the Canonisation Mass for St. John Fisher and St. Thomas More As Jesus Christ, according to the words of St. Paul, is eternal and immutable, yesterday and today, and the same forever, so the Church founded by Him is destined never to perish. Generations follow and succeed each other with their perennial vicissitudes. But whereas human institutions give way and disappear before the levelling tide of time, and human sciences, reflecting inconstant light, undergo repeated transformations, the Cross of Christ, reared steadfast above the engulfing billows, never ceases to illumine mankind with the beneficent splendour of Eternal Truth. From time to time new heresies make their appearance and, under the guise of truth, gain strength and popularity; but the seamless garment of Christ can never be rent in twain. Unbelievers and enemies of the Catholic faith, blinded by presumption, may indeed constantly renew their violent attacks against the Christian name, but in wresting from the bosom of the militant Church those whom they put to death, they become the instruments of their heavenly glory. No less beautiful than true are the words of St. Leo the Great: 'The religion of Christ, founded on the mystery of the Cross, cannot be destroyed by any sort of cruelty; persecutions do not weaken, they strengthen the Church. The field of the Lord is ever ripening with new harvests, while the grains shaken loose by the tempest take root and are multiplied." These thoughts, full of hope and comfort, spring up in Our mind as We, in this majestic Vatican Basilica, are about to proclaim briefly the praises of our two new Saints after having raised them to the honours of the altar. They, the bright champions and the glory of their nation, were given to the Christian people, in the words of the prophet Jeremias, "as a fortified city, and a pillar of iron, and a wall of brass." Therefore they *" could not ~ be shaken by the fallacies of heretics, nor frightened by the threats of the powerful. They were, so to speak, the leaders and chieftains of that illustrious band of men who, from all classes of the people and from every part of Great Britain, resisted the new errors with unflinching spirit, and in shedding their blood, testified their loyal devotedness to the Holy See. John Fisher, gifted by nature with a most gentle disposition, thoroughly versed in both sacred and profane lore, so distinguished himself among his contemporaries by his wisdom and his virtue that under the patronage of the King of England himself, he wa3 elected bishop of Rochester. In the fulfilment of this high office so ardent was Re" in his piety towards God, and in charity towards his neighbour, and so zealous in defending the integr i t y of Catholic doctrine, that his episcopal residence seemed rather a Church and a University for studies than a private dwelling.

He was wont to afflict his delicate body with fastings, scourges, and hair cloth; nothing was dearer to him than to be able to visit the poor, in order to comfort them in their miseries and to succour them in their needs. When he found someone frightened at the thought of his faults and terrified by chastisements to come, he brought comfort to the erring soul by restoring confidence in God's mercy. Often when celebrating the Eucharistic Sacrifice, he was seen shedding abundant tears, while his eyes were raised to heaven in an ecstatic expression of love. When he preached to the multitudes of the faithful that crowded round to hear him, he seemed neither a man nor a herald of men, but an angel of God clothed in human flesh. Nevertheless whilst he was meek and affable towards the afflicted and the suffering, whenever there was question of defending the integrity of faith and morals, like a second Procursor of the Lord, in whose name he gloried, he was not afraid to proclaim the truth openly, and to defend by every means in his power the divine teachings of the Church. You are well aware, Venerable Brethren and Beloved Sons, of the reason why John Fisher was called in judgment and obliged to undergo the supreme test of martyrdom. It was because of his courageous determination to defend the sacred bond of Christian marriage—a bond indissoluble for all, even for those who wear the royal diadem—and to vindicate the Primacy with which the Roman Pontiffs are invested by divine command. That is why he was imprisoned and afterwards led to death. Serenely he advanced towards the scaffold and with the words of the Te Deum on his lips, he rendered thanks to God for being granted the grace of having his mortal life crowned with the glory of martyrdom, and he raised up to the Divine Throne a fervent prayer of supplication for himself, for his people and for his King. Thus did he give another clear proof that the Catholic religion does not weaken, but increases the love of one's country. When finally he mounted the scaffold, whilst a ray of sunlight cast a halo of splendour about his venerable grey hairs, he exclaimed with a smile: "Come ye to Him and be enlightened, and your faces shall not be confounded" (Ps. 33, 6). Most assuredly the heavenly hosts of angels and saints hastened in joy to meet his holy soul, freed at last from the fetters of the body and winging flight towards eternal joys. The other star of sanctity that traced a luminous path across that dark period of history was Thomas King of England. Endowed with the keenest of minds and supreme versatility in every kind of knowledge, he enjoyed such esteem and favour among his fellow-citizens that he was soon able to reach the highest grades of public office.

Saints But he was no less distinguished for his desire of Christian perfection and his zeal for the salvation of souls. Of this we have testimony in the ardour of his prayer, in the fervour with which he recited, whenever he could, even the Canonical Hours, in the practice of those penances by which he kept his body in subjection, and finally in the numerous and renowned accomplishments of both the spoken and the written word which he achieved for the defence of the Catholic faith and for the safeguarding of Christian morality. A strong and courageous spirit, like John Fisher, when he saw that the doctrines of the Church were gravely endangered, he knew how to despise resolutely the flattery of human respect, how to resist, in accordance with his duty, the supreme head of the State when there was question of things commanded by God and the Church, and how to renounce with dignity the high office with which he was invested. It was for these motives that he too was imprisoned, nor could the tears of his wife and children make him swerve from the path of truth and virtue. In that terrible hour of trial he raised his eyes to heaven, and proved himself a bright example of Christian fortitude. Thus it was that he who not many years before had written a work emphasising the duty of Catholics to defend their faith even at the cost of their lives, was seen to walk cheerful and confident from his prison to death, and thence to take his flight to the joys of eternal beatitude. Here, Venerable Brethren and Beloved Sons, we may justly repeat the well-known saying of St. Cyprian, Martyr: "0 blessed prison which conveys men to heaven! 0 blessed enchained feet which with salutary steps are directed towards paradise:"' It was supremely fitting: that these holy martyrs who shed their blood for the Christian faith and for the defence of the sacred rights of the Roman Pontiff should receive, together with the aureole of sanctity, their due glorification here in the very centre of the Catholic world, close to the glorious sepulchre of the Prince of the Apostles, through the instrumentality of Us who are the heir and successor of St. Peter. And now it only remains for Us to exhort, with paternal heart, all of you who filled with veneration are grouped around Us, as well as those who,, wherever they may be, profess themselves Our Sons in Christ. We exhort you to imitate with all diligence the great virtues of these holy martyrs, and to implore for yourselves and for the Church militant, their powerful protection. If all of us are not called to shed our blood for the defence of the holy laws of God, all nonetheless, according to the expression of St. Basil, with evangelical abnegation, with Christian mortification of their bodies, with energetic striving after virtue, "must be martyrs of desire, in order to share with the martyrs their celestial reward.' We desire moreover that with your ardent prayers, invoking the patronage of the new Saints, you ask of the Lord that which is so dear to Our heart, namely, that England, in the words of St. Paul, "meditating the happy consum-

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mation which crowned the life" of those two martyrs, may "follow them in their faith," and return to the Father's house "in the unity of faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God." Let those who are still separated from Us consider attentively the ancient glories of their church which were at once a reflection and an increment of the glories of the Church of Rome. Let them consider, moreover, and remember that this Apostolic See has been waiting for them so long and so anxiously, not as coming to a strange dwelling place, but as finally returning to their paternal home. In conclusion, let us repeat the divine prayer of Our Lord Jesus Christ: "Holy Father, keep them in Thy name whom Thou hast given me; that they may be one as We also are." Amen.

GREETINGS TO P A P A L LEGATE (Contd. from page 1). hail the Legate of the Holy Father. At Toulon there was a short stop where His Eminence graciously had brought to him the daughter of the maritime governor so that he might give her his blessing on the eve of her wedding. At Marseille, the next stop, Minister Marin took leave of His Eminence to return to Paris. At Toulouse the following day, the train made its last delay so that the Most Rev. Jules Saliege, Archbishop of Toulouse, and the civil authorities might greet the distinguished guest. At Lourdes, their destination, amid salvos of cannon, to the ringing of bells and with an innumerable mob crying out their enthusiastic greeting, the Cardinal Legate and his suite were given a magnificent reception in the presence of Cardinals, Archbi ——-~-.«_» All these honours, especially the exchange of telegraphic greetings between the Legate and the President of the Republic and various Ministers, has produced a profound impression through France, a fact that is unanimously affirmed by the press.


On ^Pings from .Albion (FROM



SIR SEYMOUR HICKS. When the list of the King's Birthday and Jubilee Honours was made known, Catholics were delighted to see that among the honours which had fallen to their co-religionists in Great Britain was a Knighthood for one of the best known of present-day actors, Mr. Seymour Hicks. They are pleased, too, that the honour is shared by his wife, a gracious lady who, as Miss Ellaline Terriss, has long been a widely popular stage favourite. Lady Hicks is a convert to the Faith; but Sir Seymour (or will it be Sir Edward? The new knight is Edward Seymour Hicks) is a lifelong Catholic, a former student of the Catholic college at Prior Park, near Bath. He has been on the stage^ since he was sixteen years of age, which means that two years hence he will reach his golden Jubilee as an actor. Three years ago, in recognition of his eminence in the theatrical profession, and also to reward his labours in popularising French plays in London, he was made a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour by the French Government. Catholics are indebted to Sir Seymour Hicks for more than one kindly piece of helpfulness. His latest boon to them is by the loan of his theatre at Westminster for a "mime," a form of dramatic entertainment, which is being arranged in honour of St. John Fisher and St. Thomas More. * * * * MR. GEORGE GROSSMITH. Of Sir Seymour Hicks, and the honour conferred upon him, one writes in a spirit of glad satisfaction. Very different must be the feeling with which one turns to another distinguished Catholic figure of the Stage, this time a convert— Mr. George Grossmith. After an operation, several weeks ago, in a nursing home, the daily bulletins as to his condition brought that word of very small comfort, "unchanged." Latterly it was learned that Mr. Grossmith was weaker; then that he was unconscious; and now the news is made known that he is dead, to the grief of a very wide circle. A great many years have passed since George Grossmith first trod the boards, following in the footsteps of his gifted father of the same name; and the various musical plays associated with his talent would make a long list. In the European War he was an officer in th& Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. M r . Grossmith was received into the Catholic Church in 1907. In 1913 he was honoured by Pope Pius X with the Cross Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice.


bir Adwm Lutyens, an interesting account of the plan to be realized, one which is to provide, at the altar, a spacious setting for pontifical and other functions. * * * * T H E FAITH IN T H E OPEN. East London witnessed, a few evenings ago, a spectacle of Catholic devotion which to a str to the metropolis must have seemed amazing: to the local inhabitants, however, it was familiar bv an annual occurence extending back for many years. The occasion was the outdoor procession, and evening demonstration, at Stepney, in honour of Our Lady. Literally thousands of Catholics took part in the procession, which this year seemed to gain in impressiveness from the fact that many of the decorations which had been set up, earlier, :for the King's silver jubilee were kept up by the people until after "procession day." Leaving the church of St. Mary and Michael, "the Cathedral of East London," and watched by vast and reverent crowds, the procession passed through many streets of the parish. It was an inspiring sight. Overhead were mottoes, stretching across the roadway, proclaiming Catholic devotion to Our Lady, or the English Martyrs, or to the Vicar of Christ. Catholic householders along the route had built up beautiful shrines, bowered in lilies and ablaze with lights, in the windows of their houses or at the corners of streets. A force of police cleared the way for the processionists, whose ranks included schools, societies, confraternities, and other constituents. Vested clergy brought up the rear. The procession was an afternoon function. Even more remarkable was the scene at night, when the priest of the parish, preceded by a band and escorted by hundreds of the population, went over the route again to bless the shrines. These were literally centres of light, brilliantlv nated and recalling the spectacle at some Italian festa rather than what the unaccustomed visitor would expect to find in the heart of Stepney. A t intervals in the progress a halt was made in order that an address or brief sermon might be delivered. It must not be thought that Stepney's Catholic procession was an exceptional and isloated affair. On the contrary, it was onlv one of many outdoor pageants of the ^ind whfch take place in London everv year during the summer months. Owing to their number, in fact, each of these fixtures cannot now have a Sunday afternoon to itself. Sometimes as manv as four or five processions take nipce on the same day. The Catholics of the Metropolis are making their non-Catholic fellow citizens realize something, at any rate, about the Church by giving them these beautiful spectacular glimpses of the Faith in the Open.

LIVERPOOL C A T H E D R A L . The Archbishop of Liverpool was able to speak of substantial progress with the building of his great Metropolitan Cathedral when the annual meetings of the Cathedral fund took place a few fevf^-ftg^---Tkp- WAILS of the crypt have risen already to a considerable height, and every week that passes witnesses some visible advance. The Cathedral site has been visited by people from upwards of thirty countries. The priests and others present at the meeting heard from the architect,



P a r k e r ' s NEW ON




Sole Distributors






" G O O D FILMS WIN PUBLIC F A V O U R " SAYS PRESIDENT OF MOTION PICTURE PRODUCERS. New York.—Good films, particularly those drawing from the culture of literature, the opera and the stage, find favour with the public, declares Will. H . Hays, president of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America, Inc., in his annual report on the film industry... Saying that "there is no saturat.on point of public interest in truly wholesome and recreative entertainment," Mr. Hays' report states that the motion picture industry "cannot be content merely with the elimination of the offensive, but must feature the inspirational, dramatic and characterbuilding efforts which make for ever higher forms of entertainment." [Lumen NCWC].

Bombay, is now a priest of Holy ATTflFJST F R O M T H & ^ A S T ^ Church:—He was ordained recently in Rome, and is to take up Many Catholics and oth^r work, it is announced, in the readers in India will be interested Diocese of Portsmouth. Father to know that Lieutenant-Colonel Greig has been in his time a John G. Greig, who served in the famous cricketer with the HampIndian Army and was Aide-de- shire team. In one season he Camp to several Governors of scored more than a thousand runs. (Continued at foot of Col. 3)

BOOK T H A T H E WROTE BRINGS CONVERSION OF METHODIST MINISTER. By George Barnard. (London Correspondent, N.C.W.C. News Service). London, April 8.—T. S. Gregory, formerly a Methodist minister, who recently announced that he was preparing to enter the Catholic Church, has been received at Farmstreet here by the Rev. F . Woodlock, S.J. His family have been Methodists since the foundation of that creed by John Wesley, and Mr. Gregory was held in high esteem by Methodists. A writer in the Methodist Times and Leader here wrote, when it was announced that Mr- Gregory intended to become a Catholic: "The word 'genius' is one which I have always used with great reserve. There are not many geniuses, about. Frankly I do not know one in our Church at the present time. T.S.' as those of us who know him affectionately call him, is a religious genius. He has not only the trained mind of the scholar, but the intuitive flair for truth of the genius."


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 22nd J U N E , 1935.

Y o u n g People's P a g e The Aviary: By "Bowill." Little Joe Binkles was return- ther?' Mrs. Binkles smiled: "Isn't ing home from school, alone, tired it lovely, Joe ? It's a skylark, dear, and unhappy. He had been kept and it must be fluttering somein the detention-class for a whole where up there. I know! Let's hour merely because the results of both look for it, shall we?" "Yes, his weekly test in arithmetic had let's," cried Joe eagerly, jumping been bad! He had prepared him- off the log and flinging down his self as well as he could, but—! school-cap and books; "Bet you I'll Little Joe found it hard to keep find him first!" And running back his tears. There was Bill down the bank to the edge of the Wilkins who never seemed to brook, he eagerly began his search study at all, and yet nearly always among the clouds, cupping the got the highest marks not only in glare of the evening sun from his sums, but in reading and spelling eyes with both hands. Joining him as well: Then there was little immediately, Mrs. Binkles searchMary Bobbins—a mere girl six ed too. Both continued their hunt, months younger than himself— until a whoop of pleasure, an who was considered the best read- eagerly upstretched hand and a pair of dancing feet announced er and reciter in the class! Joe trudged on slowly, as he that Joe had found the skylark. was too unhappy to think of tea. There it hung, fluttering happily It was getting on for five o'clock, near the mouth of a kitten-shaped and Mother usually had tea ready cloud, trilling out its joyous song by four-thirty. But all Joe thought of triumph and exultation. And about was his own unhappiness, thus they both watched it till, its and how to get over it quickly. song ended, it turned about with He did not want to go home as he the slight breeze upon which it was; he did not want to bury his had hung, and was soon lost befuzzy, red head i n Mother's lap, hind a clump of tall trees on the and spill out his woe in childish other bank. tears. For Joe was nine, and felt Just then, a flock of rooks made he must act like his Daddy, who its appearance and flew to a tall never cried or pouted. tree that grew but a few feet So Joe turned off the main road away from where Joe and his mointo a little goat-path that led ther were standing. Joe at once crazily over some fields to a little named the newcomers from mepatch of green woodland beyond. mory, having recently heard an Behind this was "Meadow Villa", object-lesson on them at school. the ivy-covered cottage which Joe "That tree must be their nestingcalled home. Joe decided that be- place, Mumsy," he ventured; "I fore he finally went home, he think I can see some of their nests would stop and bathe his little among the branches, can't you?" tear-stained face in the clear "I think you are quite right, dear," brook that ran merrily down-the answered Mrs. Binkles, after gazhill-side to the right. But judge ing up for a while: "I can see his surprise when, turning round a them too. But listen: I think those tall gorse-bush, he all but ran into birds are about to begin their his mother, whose look of anxiety evening-song now." A n d they vanished as soon as she set eyes listened and watched, while the on him. "Why, Joe darling, where rooks cawed and hopped about have you been?" she asked, and, from branch to branch, now and without waiting for a reply, con- then flying right off the tree, and tinued, "I waited for you since— circling it on their wings before Why, what's the matter, dear, coming to rest once again, all the you've been crying?" Joe could while chorusing their harsh song not speak for a moment, and, for all their worth. when he did try, it was only to "I don't like their singing like I forget completely that he had Daddy's manly example to follow: did the skylark's," decided Joe he became just little Joe himself quickly, turning his wrinkled face and, between his heart-broken to his mother: "They are so loud, sobs. told Mother everything, and sound like Daddy's motorbike word for word. Mother was all horn, only lots of them together." sympathy, and in her motherly Mrs. Binkles laughed heartily at way proceeded at once to comfort this, and agreed with her son. her little son. She spoke to him "But." she said, "watch them, Joe only as a mother can, and appeared dear, and tell me i f you think they A n d Joe readily at once to succeed. Then, as in a are happy." flash, a bright happy thought agreed that they were, saying, came to her mind. She took him "they would not be hopping about to the stream-bank, and, choosing and flying and chasing each other a pretty nook that was bathed by like that i f they were sad, would the early autumn's sun. she bade they?" "Quite right, dear," agreed him sit beside her on a fallen tree- Mrs. Binkles once more; "those crack-voiced rooks are just as trunk. happy as the skylark was just Now, in the whole of this tiny Suffolk village where they lived, now. Don't you think it's splendid, this little spot by the stream was Joe, their being so happy, alknown as the Aviary, because, for though they can't sing nearly so some unknown reason, birds of all nice as their clever little skylark kinds, from rooks to nightingales, cousin?" "Yes, I do, Mumsy dear, came there to sing. They appear- and I think they're fine," agreed ed to make it their duty to delight Joe, "And don't you think." went all and sundry who might find on Mrs. Binkles gently, "a little their way there, and then to fly boy ought to be happy even though away to some unknown spot. But he can't do his sums, or spell, or read ag well as another^_oy^-§0Mrs. Binkles found some other use long as he always does his best?" for the little creatures that day, as Joe pondered for a moment: then, we shall see. bursting into a merry little laugh, A skylark, for the moment lost in the blue-white sky, began to he threw his arms ai'ound his trill out its song with such a joy mother's neck, and said, " 'Course that it made even little Joe forget he should, Mumsy darling, and i f h*s school woes and ask, "Where is he isn't he's jnst silly." Then he K ; ^ oinorincr from. Mo- kissed her.



Satan has a great many servants, and they are all busy and active. They ride in the railway trains, and sail on the steamboats, they swarm along the highways of the country and the thoroughfares of the city, they do business in busy marts, they are everywhere and in all places. Some are so vile looking that one instinctively turns from them in disgust; but some are so sociable, insinuating, and plausible that they almost deceive at times the very elect. Among the latter are to be found the devil's four Chief Servants. Here are their names: "There's no danger," That is one. "Only this once." That is another. "Everybody does so," That is the third. "By and by,' This is the fourth. A l l four are cheats and liars. They mean to cheat and deceive you—yes cheat you out of Heaven. "Behold," says God, "now is the acceptable time, now is the day of salvation." God has no promise for "By and by."

"Every child needs milk every day."


Y E T TOO SCARCE. Kind words do not cost much. They never blister the tongue. We never heard of any mental trouble arising from this quarter. Though they do not cost much, yet they accomplish much. They make other people good-natured. They also produce their own image on men's souls, and a beautiful image it is.—Pascal.

5uller Cream

HOWLERS. Teacher in commercial geography lesson): "Now, can anybody tell me where we find mangoes?" Pupil: "Yes, miss; where woman goes. Landlay: I think you had better board elsewhere. Boarder: Yes, I often had. Landlady: Often had what? Boarder: Better board elsewhere. Husband: "My razor's awfully blunt dear. I can scarcely shave with it." Wife: "Why, Charles, you don't mean to tell me your beard is tougher than the linoleum." "Can

you tell me the time, my lad? My watch has stopped." "About 12 o'clock sir." "Only 12? I though it would have been more." "It never gets more in these parts. It starts again at one." Lady (on telephone): Hullo ! Is that Doctor Smith's office? Doctor's Young Assistant: "Yes." Lady: "Would you mind asking the doctor if he can do anything for the Mrs. Blank's bazaar." Assistant: The doctor's out at present, but I shall tell him as soon as he returns. In the meantime, tell Mrs. Blank to poultice it and then to rub it well with methylated spirits ! * * * * *



OPPORTUNITY WHICH WAS NOT MISSED. Ikey and Rachel took little Moses to the pictures: The attendant warned them that unless the child kept quiet they would have to leave and get their money back. Half-way through the principal film Ikey turned to Rachel and whispered. "Well, vot do you think of it?" "Rotten," replied Rachel. "Yes", answered Ikey. "Pinch the babv." TRUTH



Uncle "Well,—my boy, Tom. "and how are vou going on at school?" His nephew looked a trifle despondent. "Oh, not so bad, Uncle." he replied; "and I'm trying awfully hard to get ahead." said

M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , SATURDAY, 22nd J U N E , 1935.

Scenes Of Unprecedented Splendour At Lourdes During Triduum Closing Holy Year

Catholic world, might obtain my humble person to go about grace and the blessing of a true among human infirmities bearing peace for a world submerged in the Sacred Host and to supply anguish, His Eminence said: "On Jesus in the Eucharist to renew this pleasant land of France, among the sick the prodigies of TWO C A R D I N A L S A N D 60 man patricians rubbing shoulders where innumerable graves recall good which the Divine Saviour the unspeakable sorrows of war sowed along the highways of Judea ARCHBISHOPS A N D BISHOPS with timid Breton servants. and where so many mothers and and Galilee. It is the peace of the GREET P A P A L L E G A T E . In the streets incessantly ob- wives still keep in their hearts the world that we have come to recomLourdes.—To tell the splendour structed by the eddy of people, or sacred mourning for these sons mend to the intercession of the of the fetes which marked the close on the esplanades beaten by an and husbands who died heroically, Virgin, all powerful in relation to of the Holy Year at Lourdes, to ocean of humanity without res- I am sure to find a faithful echo in her Divine Son." construe the poignant emotion of pite, the purple of Cardinals, the all souls when, in the name of the In a most eloquent manner the all those who witnessed them, that amaranth of Bishops, the white Sovereign Pontiff and before the Cardinal Legate eulogized the is a task too great for human ex- capes of the Knights of the Holy world, at the Grotto of Masof the Redemption, that pression. Sepulchre, the silk of Chamber- >abielle, I cause to mount to God Cross Cross that crowns with its vicOn a blessed and illustrious soil, lains, the burel of Monks grazing the supplication of the Church: tories the spires of magnificent in a country which adds to the the rude corduroy of the workers 'Give us peace.' " cathedrals and which covers with beauties of nature a captivating of France, the woollen fustian of consolation the resting place of the charm and an imposing majesty, the mountaineers of Switzerland, Military Honour to Legate. dead. all Christianity seemed to have the cotton veils of women who Hussars as Guard of Honour. Those who attempt to snatch <been assembled quite suddenly had come all the way from India. Troops had been sent to Lour- the Church from the arms of with even the Holy Father preThe magnificence of the cereChrist, His Eminence added, " will sent through his Legate. Cardi- mony at which the Cardinal Le- des to render military honours to find her ready to climb with Him nals, Archbishops, Bishops, Supe- gate pontificated rivalled by the the Legate of His Holiness. Hus- the bloody road to Calvary a riors of the great Orders, parties beauty of the day and the devo- sars preceded and accompanied thousand times rather than ever from all the continents, men of all tion of the multitude which some the carriage in which he rode to to give the slightest sign of yieldraces, representatives of 50 na- have estimated as high as 400,000. the episcopal residence in com- ing w here her divine law does not tions, an innumerable crowd, fer- Words seem inadequate to ex- pany with the Bishop and the permit her to swerve. The Church vent enthusiastic, an unbeliev- press the sublime beauty of this Mayor of Lourdes and the Prefect of the Catacombs, the Church of the Hautes Pyrenees. Drawn able puissance of supplication, a gathering of Christians from the of by six horses, the carriage was a the Martyrs, the Church of hisgripping intensity of prayer— east and the west, all with one calash lined with white silk which toric Popes and Bishops, is not these are some of the aspects of voice and a single heart raising was presented to the city at the merely history that is past. The the solemn and unprecedented Tri- ardent supplications to God and time of the Eucharistic Congress Church is really living. Sufficient duum of Lourdes. His Blessed Mother, beseeching of 1913 to be used by the Papal for her that the conditions of the When His Eminence Eugenio the graces of peace and salvation. Legate on that occasion, Cardinal times are such as to call out for •Cardinal Pacelli, Papal Secretary Upon beholding such a scene, Granito di Belmonte. It was es- that Cross of God and she appears of State and Legate a latere for one's thoughts spanned the cen- corted by Pyrenean guides in blue always active, always strong, althis occasion, attempted to ex- turies to that day when universal jackets and wearing large woolen ways inflexible so that no flattery press his gratitude and pleasure, mankind shall be reunited in berets as well as other guides on can ever make her yield, nor threat cause her to tremble." horseback. he made use of the following quo- Heaven. His Eminence really chanted a tation from the Apocalypse: " I Despite the rain which was magnificent hymn to the glory of United at Foot of the Cross.— saw a great multitude which no falling at the time, the extra- Lourdes: " You have become in "Woman Behold Thy Sons." man could number, of all nations, ordinarily dense crowd that lined truth," he said, "the sacred Goland tribes, and peoples, and tonIn the capitals of the world the streets never ceased its acgues." And, the Legate added, he there are just as large crowds, but claim of the Legate. People left gotha of the whoi'e Catholic world, seemed to see across the centuries they are not heaped up, and in all the pavements and risked falling on the summit of which is raised the Heavens open and all the uni- instances they do not represent a in the streets to touch the carriage the Cross of Jesus Christ, Priest, verse chanting the double triumph like collection of races, such a fra- and to try to push it. In the auto- King and Saviour, and near Him, of Christ and His Blessed Mother. ternity of spirits, such a fusion of mobiles which followed the car- in a solitary grandeur that no grandeur has ever eaualled, Mary, It was a grand, an infi- riage were the Cardinals, the Virgin and Mother Mediatrix, so <Jieat Throngs present—400,000 hearts. Papal Nuncio, and high civil, mili- justly powerful through having Pilgrims Representatives of 50 nite thought of love which united tary and ecclesiastical dignitaries. participated in the bloody sacrifice all souls at the foot of the Cross Nations. from which Christ once more All received ovations. of her Son and through whose comAt three in the afternoon the pletely maternal intercession—we To convey some of the impres- seemed to say to His Mother: Triduum opened officially and litur- have with the Vicar of Jesus siveness of the Triduum, figures "Woman, behold thy sons." gically. are more powerful than words. Christ firm confidence in it—we When the Papal Legate's speciPreceded by an imposing cortege shall obtain that there shine upon A t the beginning of the work of al train arrived at Lourdes a little in which figured clergy in their thee, O City of the Immaculate, on organisation, the Most Rev. Pierre before noon on Thursday, he was surplices, prelates. Bishops, Arch- the mountains and the hills, on the Gerlier, Bishop of Tarbes-et-Lourgreeted by the Cardinal Arch- bishops, the Cardinal Legate pro- plains and the valleys of the welldes, said to this correspondent of bishops of Malines, Paris, and Be- ceeded slowly from the episcopal beloved France, on all the nations the N.C.W.C. News Service, that sancon, and by the Bishop and residence to the Basilica of the of Europe and the entire universe, it was hoped that 100,000 pilgrims Mayor of Lourdes and 60 Arch- Rosary under a canopy of gold the divine rainbow of peace! " would visit Lourdes on this occabishops and Bishops. Scarcely had cloth. In the Basilica the Cardinals sion. The number was double that The Veni Creator was then sung the Cardinal Legate set foot on took their appointed places in the and the Legate gave his blessing on the first day and surpassed choir near the Legate's throne. the soil of Lourdes when Bishop before the cortege proceeded to the 200,000 the following day. On Gerlier bestowed on him a double Standing at the Communion rail, Grotto where, at 4 o'clock, the first Sunday, the closing day, it is estiMsgr. Alfredo Ottaviani, Substitute accolade, which was repeated by pontifical Mass was celebrated. mated that between 300,000 and Cardinals Van Roey, Verdier and Secretary of State, read the bulls 400,000 were present. investing the Legate of his funcThe Grotto! The Catholic uniBinet. To grasp the importance of tion. verse is familiar with the appearThen, followed by his court and Bishop Gerlier expressed his ance of this natural anfracture cut these figures, it should be remembered that Lourdes is in one of the Prince Rampolla in charge of the profound gratitude to the Holy into the rock of Massabielle where farthest corners of France, in a noble guard, Cardinal Pacelli en- Father for the immense benefit the Blessed Virgin appeared to the valley surrounded by mountains tered the hall of honour where the that he was granting to the Chris- shepherd girl, Bemadette. The and in a country difficult of access Prefect of the Hautes Pyrenees in tian world at the place where, 77 grotto is blackened by the smoke for an enormous crowd. But no- full uniform officially welcomed years ago, the Mother of God had of the thousands and thousands of thing could check the irresistable him as Legate. In the name of deigned to appear. To Cardinal candles that have guttered there. the Republic, the Prefect express- Pacelli, the Bishop of Lourdes Its sides are tapestried with an enthusiasm of the pilgrims. ed gratitude for the honour of his offered the homage of Lourdes, of astonishing array of crutches left They came on foot, over roads visit and conveyed best wishes for France and, he added, a more per- behind by the miraculously cured. which, on the third day, were the success of his lofty mission, sonal feeling of compassion for the jammed with people early in the assuring him that all France was suffering he had experienced in the Grotto a Mass of Flowers. morning at some distance beyond united in the supplication for loss of his brother. But for the Triduum the Grotto the city. They came on horse- peace, the ideal of Christianity. is a mass of flowers—lilacs, roses, back, in carriages, in motors. Intercession for Peace—It is the carnations and wake-robin—flowThe Mayer of Lourdes expressThey were poured from intermiers which soon overflow the grotto Peace of the World that we nable trains which succeeded one ed the profoundly respectful senand extend along the rock for a have come to Recommend. another without surcease. There timents of a thoroughly Christian long way. They have arrived by population—and greeted His Emi were even those who came carloads from all sections of thatCardinal Pacelli declared w nence as the "Ambassador of the active emotion and the implane and many who had crossed France and all the countries Peace, that neace to which all the mense joy with which his heart of Europe. almost the seas in great liners. A n unusual wreath world aspires." overflowed was made more pro- tied with the Belgian colours be*rs There were princes and humble In expressing the hope that the found by reason of the grave a ribbon on which are two words: cowherds, illustrious writers and poor jobbers, eminent professors fervent prayers which were to be circumstances which brought him " Leopold, Astrid." kneeling on the wet ground beside raised to Heaven from this privi- to this sacred spot. " It will not (Continued on page 6) Y©ad-workers and peasants, Ro- leged spot, and throughout the be my lot this time," he said, " for r

6 lia, was left in ruins by a whirlwind of unusual violence which swept the district April 3. The convent, workshops, stores and Washington.—Catholics in Aus- dwellings were rased to the tralia are looking forward to ground, and two luggers belonging the organization oi Catholic- to the mission were sunk. Two Action in tiiat country along hundred and eighty natives have the iines o i the National Ca- been left homeless. The church, which is made of tholic Welfare Conference in the United States, the Rev. Dr. John brick, is the only building that T. McMahon, Supervisor of Dio- withstood the storm. The station at Beagle Bay is cesan Schools, Perth, W e s t Australia, and a former student staffed by the Pallottine Fathers at the Catholic University of and by the Brothers and Sisters America, declared during a visit of St. John of God. It is one of the five missions in Australia here this week. "Every visitor from Australia to where Catholic priests, brothers the United States/' said Dr. Mc- and sisters labour for the uplift Mahon, "is struck by the efficient and the preservation of the aboriand capable instrument which the gines, a race which has decreased N.C.W.C. places in the hands of rapidly during the past century. One hundred years ago there every member of the American Hierarchy in their difficult duty of were one million natives in Ausorganizing their dioceses. In fact, tralia. To-day, according to staone might call the N.C.W.C. the tistics published by the GovernVoice of the American Hierarchy ment, there are barely 61,000; to in all important phases of Catholic this number may be added 16,000 half-breeds. These people have disAction." Dr. McMahon recalled that at appeared much like the American the last meeting of the Australian redskin, retreating farther into the interior as their hunting Hierarchy, held at Melbourne at grounds were taken over by setthe time of the National Eucharis- tiers. Disease and murder have tic Congress last December, the helped to decrease their numbers. Bishops appointed a select com— (Fides.) mittee under the chairmanship of the Most Rev. Daniel Mannix. BISHOP BROWNE, NOTED Archbishop of Melbourne, to preIRISH P R E L A T E , IS D E A D . pare a reoort on the adaptation of thp N.C.W.C. to Australia.— (Special Correspondence, N.C.W.C. News Service). (N.C/W.C.) Dublin.—The death oi tne Most NUDIST C A M P B A N VOTED Rev. itooert Browne, venerauie BY N E W YORK SENATE. isisnop oi Uloyne, in ms mmy-nrst Albany.—A bill designed to out- year, loiiowed a onei period of law nudist camps and gynasiums illness, lie was attended oy Sister has been passed by the State Se- Gerasene, his sister, who was with nate by a vote of 35 to 10. It him when he met his peaceful end. Soon after his ordination, in makes it a misdemeanour for a person to display himself in front 1869, Bishop Browne returned as of two or more persons of the op- a professor to his old College at posite sex who are similarly dis- Fermoy. Promotion to Maynooth soon followed. There, at the age playing themselves. The bill had the support of the of 30, he was made dean, later Legion of Decency and was said vice-president and, finally, presiby former Governor Alfred E . dent. The beautiful church of the Smith to have as its aim the clos- college was built by him and the ing of loopholes in present statutes. picture-gallery and fine recreation hall were erected during his ten (N.C.W.C.) years' tenure of office. DOMINICAN ORDER H E A D From Maynooth he was called to PROMOTED I N R A N K S OF T H E thf See of Cloyne. On the occasion of his consecration the late L E G I O N OF HONOUR. Bishop O'Dwyer, of Limerick, By M . Massiani. speaking of his appointment to (Paris Correspondent, N.C.W.C. the presidency of Maynooth, said that though the Bishops chose him News Service). Paris.—The President of France at an almost unprecedentedly early has signed a decree elevating to age to fill so difficult a position, the dignity of Officer of the Legion they had never reason for one of Honour the Very Rev. Martin moment to entertain a doubt as to Gillet, O.P., Master General of the the wisdom of their choice. For 41 years Dr. Browne adDominicans, who was a Chevalier ministered his diocess with wisdom of the order. The awarding of this honour and prudence and with a generous coincides with the centenary of the love of the poor. In spite of his Conferences of Notre Dame and great age, he attended the Catholic the eulogy which Father Gillet Emancipation Centenary Mass in came from Rome to pronounce in the Phoenix Park on June 23, 1929, honour of the first Lenten prea- and walked in the procession of the cher of the Cathedral, Abbe Jean Blessed Sacrament to Watling Street Bridge. He also took part Bantiste Lacordaire, O.P. The chevalier's cross of the in the Centenary celebrations at Legion has been awarded to the Cork. The See of Cloyne was founded Most Rev. Emmanuel Chaptal, Auxiliary Bishop of Paris, and by St. Colman in 580 and was Msgr. Gaston Vanneufville, Rome merged in the diocese of Cork in correspondent of L a Croix, Paris 1431, but was revived as a separate Bishopric in 1749. Catholic daily. N.C.W.C. IS T E R M E D ' C A P A B L E INSTRUMENT B Y A U S T R A L I A N PRIEST.


61,000 N A T I V E S L E F T I N AUST R A L I A F R O M 1,000,000/ONE H U N D R E D Y E A R S AGO. Disease and Murder Helped Decrease. Melbourne.—The Catholic Mission at Beagle Bay, 80 miles north of Broome, northwestern Austra-


M A R K S DIAMOND JUBILEE. Port Elizabeth, Africa. — The Most Rev. Hugh MacSherry, Vicar Apostolic of the Eastern Vicariate, Cape of Good Hope, has just celebrated the diamond jubilee of his ordination. The Bishop was born at Loughgilly, Archdiocese of

Armagh, Ireland, in 1852 and became head of the Eastern Vicariate in 1896.

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P O L Y G A M Y ON T H E W A N E I N F R E N C H INDOCHINA. Not so long ago polygamy was a universally admitted custom in Indochina. Now it seems to be on the wane as it is gradually dying out of practice. The most staunch sticklers for monogamy turn out to be those who enter a claim to modern civilization. Lately a young Tonkenese lady went on a round to deliver a series of lectures against polygamy. Upon this occasion a contributor to the Tndochinese Tribune' set forth the motives against this ancestral custom. "Polygamy," he said, "is a vestige of the past, in which man's selfishness and tyranny are given free vent. To justify the fictitious necessity of this custom, some plead the necessity of having male issues as these alone can keep up the fire on the ancestor's altar and burn incense. This, in fact, is but a pretext without any weight at all. On the other hand, goes on this journalist, polygamy has proved to be a leaven of hatred and discord between families. Its almost inevitable consequence is the ruin of the family spirit engendering feuds among children and jealousy among women. Actually, polygamy, though almost completely eradicated from Cochinchina still persists in Annam.



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BISHOP APPOINTED INSPECTOR OF PUBLIC H E A L T H A N D HONORARY INSPECTOR OF PUBLIC-HIGH W A Y CONSTRUCTION. Tena (Ecuador).—The Government of Ecuador has named Bishop Emilio Cecco, of the Josephite Fathers of Turin, Inspector of Public Health in Napo. He will have charge of the distribution of all medical supplies furnished by the Government for the Indians of his mission territory. The President of the Republic has also* named Bishop Cecco Honorary Inspector of PublicHighway Construction, and his missionaries have been engaged to pay the workmen their salaries. These provisions have been made, it is said, because the Government has discovered certain abuses in the distribution of free medicines and in the system of paying workmen emploved on the state roads. (Fides).

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To the left, under .a canopy of red velvet, is the throne of the Legate; to the right the prie-Dieu of the Cardinals. Between the Grotto and the river bank are the first ranks of the pilgrims. The T H E L A Y APOSTOLATE. space being insufficient to accomA Booklet by Mr. P. J . Iyer from modate the assistants most of Klang, (F.M.S;) An Appreciation them are in the large fields across the water. from India.

Trichinopoly (South India).— " The Lay Apostolate " is the title of a pamphlet written by Mr. Paul J. Iyer, of Klang, Malay States, Manager of the Catholic Press Agency of the East, to arouse in Catholic laymen a greater interest in the spread of their faith and to be used by them in preparing for and carrying on their anostolate. Briefly and convincingly the book treats 40 points bearing on Catholic Action. The following titles are taken from the list of contents: "The Layman's Part in Conversion," " Ways of the Lav Apostolate," "Power of Expression," "Hiding One's Faith," " Laziness," " Shyness," " The Spread of Zeal." (Fides).

At the first Mass of all the Masses His Eminence Joseph Cardinal Van Roey, Archbishop of Malines and Primate of Belgium, pontificated. Among the faithful worshipers were seen the former Empress Zita and her eldest son Archduke Otto who, the following day, in an interview granted a French reporter, exclaimed: " Let us appeal to Heaven with such supplications that we shall be violent in our demands in orders obtain the salvation of peace!" Many princes of the houses of Bourbon and Orleans - Braganza were present, as well as a prince and princess of Saxe, and 30 or more French senators and deputies, their scarves across their breasts.




Browsing Among Books

3 3


"RELIGIONS IN T H E DIFFERENT COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD" BY A B E L G I A N PRIEST. Rome.—"Religions in the Different Countries of the World*' (Les Religions dans les Differents Pays du Monde) a study by M . l'Abbe A . d'Espierre, Professor at the Normal School of Braine-leComte, Belgium, has been published by the Missionary Union cf the Clergy in Belgium (40 Rue du Meridien, Brussels). It is a pamphlet of 36 pages containing tables of statistics for the various regions of the world, with note on the total population, area form of government of each country. The study was prepared for the Guida delie Missioni Cattcliche, a missionary handbook published at Rome January 1, but only part of M. d'Espierre's work could be incorporated in the volume. (Fides)

Saint Philip Neri. By J. J . thanks to the marvels ox machinMatthews, Cong. Crat. (Burns, ery: that, 16th century Rome Oates & Washbourne. 2s. 6d.). seems to have achieved without There are many to whom this the machines. W riters now are short life of St. Philip will be wel- discussing what is to be done with come: brothers of the Little Ora- the leisure, if and when it comes. tory, devotees of the Brompton St. Philip's solution—the Oratory and Edgbaston Oratories, not to —does not seem to fill the bill for mention the many clients of St. 20th century gilded youth; an oraPhilip who are in no sense orato- tory lasting three or four hours at rians. Of course, there is Capece- a stretch, consisting of spiritual latro's two-volume Life of St. reading, three discourses of half an Philip, which in its day was hour each—one of them a lecture thought to be the last word on the by Baronius on Church history— subject. And there is the glorious prayer and singing, and three volume by Ponnelle and Bordet, times a week the taking of the dispublished in an English transla- cipline; for a whole day holiday tion about two years ago, entitled, there was the round of the seven St. Philip Neri and the Roman churches. Can you imagine it? Society of his Times. But not But before the new leisure comes everyone can afford to buy these we may have the deluge; and then expensive books; not everyone has it won't come. access to a library where they can C.E.E. be borrowed: not everyone has the time to linger over such lengthy * * * * works. So, therefore, this small Critical and Constructive EsTHE TOAST OF T H E POPE. book should fill a void. It will says. By Most Rev. Archbishop The Catholic newspapers over serve an excellent purpose if it Downey, D.D., Ph. D. L. L . D. succeeds in creating a desire for (Burns, Oates & Washbourne, up. here (London) publish a communication from the new Archbishop of more, and in sending its readers to 239, 5s.) Dr. Hinsley, in Ponnelle and Bordet. For though The Archbishop of Liverpool has Westminster, the facts and events of the life of put us all in his debt by publishing which His Grace conveys a desire Philip are well recorded here, it these delightful papers in book from the Holy Father as to procedure at Catholic will readily be understood that you form. Given originally as addres- future functions cannot get the full flavour of the ses to various learned societies or banquets and other life of Philip in a brief and hurried published in various journals, they where it has been customary narrative. For that you need lin- now reach a larger public, and are heretofore to drink, as the first toast, to " the Pope and the gering, unhurried reading, leisure- more convenient for reference. ly dawdling. As a SOWER reviewer, I hear- King." The inclusion, in one toast, of the assertion of spiritual The little book does full justice tily commend the book to my read- and temporal loyalties, is to give those who give lessons in ers. To to Philip's playful character, to place, His Holiness wishes, to what his fondness for practical jokes: apologetics to elder children in British Catholics will feel to be an secondary schools, it will be injokes which he called penances and altogether happier plan. Not a humiliations. What always fills valuable. And to all it will prove toast, but a prayer for the Sovedelightful reading. For His Grace me with wonder, when reading of reign Pontiff, will be offered, at these, is the intense devotion of his writes of deep philosophical mat- the Grace before meals: thus the disciples to their master in that ters in a style which makes assi- faithful will proclaim their allegithey could grin and bear such milation easy. And in every pa- ance to the Vicar of Christ at the things. But I feel glad that one per there is enough bubbling hu- very outset of the banquet. Folor two of St. Philip's jokes seem mour to carry one through a diffi- lowing the Grace after meals, the in the longer works, are omitted cult argument without tears. toast list will have attention, but The traditional arguments for will not include a toast to the Pope. from this, the taste of one age not being the taste of another. One the existence of God and the imor two of St. Philip's jokes seem mortality of the soul are drawn out rather a throw-back to the artless- in clear and satisfying manner. A the Clergy Review. I believe I am ness of the fioretti than to belong history of Aristotelianism in a lec- right in saying that it is the only to the sophistication of the cin- ture entitled "St. Thomas and article contributed to that review Aristotle" will delight all students by the Archbishop, who is chairquecento. What no biographer of St. Philip of "philosophy. Two papers on man of its editorial board. If only ever attempts to explain is the psychology: one," Psycho-Analysis His Grace would write for it more enormous amount of leisure en- in its Scientific and Ethical Bear- frequently (go circumspectly now, joyed by the youth of Rome in the ings" the other, "Adventures in my pen! lest thou become even as 16th century. What men are talk- Psychology"; will be of great in- a tintack to those who sit in the ing and writing of now: the new terest and importance to teachers. seats of the mighty), readers of leisure that is to come, when a One paper, "Rationalising the that journal would welcome his four-hour day four or five times a Gods," was published as the open- light and elegant touch. (From week will earn an adequate wage, ing article in the first number of the Sower by C.E.E.). r

CORRESPONDENCE. [The following letter has been received from Mr. P. J. Ramasamy Iyer who is on his way back from Lourdes after the recent Peace Triduum there.] To, Rev. Father Cardon, Malaya Catholic Leader Singapore. Rev. and dear Father, I hope you are in receipt of my letter from Lourdes. We left Lourdes in the morning of the 1st. May and reac ii ed Paris in the evening. Remained in Paris till the morning of the 5th when we left there for Lisieux. Reached Lisieux. about 9.30 a.m.—heard mass at the Church wherein is the tomb of the Little Flower, saw the house wherein the saint was brought up, and other things, and left Lisieux for Dieppe through Paris Railway Station; reached Dieppe about midnight, and crossed the English Channel. Took train and reached Victoria Station, London about 6 a.m. on 6th May. Saw many places of interest, and still seeing. We leave there in the morning of the 12th May for Belgium. So far I have experienced splendid sights; beautiful and wonderful countries; cold climates ; courteous, obliging, prompt, punctual and honest people. I have been specially struck with the enchanting southern France, the beauty of Paris and the immensity of London. Yours very sincerely, P. J . Ramasamy Iyer. London, May 9, 1935.~

R E V . MOTHER H E L E N DOWNS 50 Y E A R S WORK I N S A R A W A K . Kuching (Sarawak, Borneo).— Mother Helen Downs, of the Franciscan Sisters of St. Joseph, of Patricroft, England, will observe the 50th anniversary of her arrival in Borneo July 5. In 1885 she led a little band of five missionary sisters to Borneo and during the past half-century she has founded six convents in Sarawak and four in British North Borneo. She has also founded a native sisterhood. Although her eyesight failed a few years ago Mother Helen is still in active missionary service.— (Fides).

Cut he



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A CHRISTIAN mother, praying secret, removed from the eyes of one evening in tears before her his mother, books which he would crucifix, was surprised by h*er not permit his sister to read, fredaughter, who, throwing her arms quents society forbidden to his round her neck, said to her ten- sister, and which he tries to hide from his mother? derly:— Will my brother become a hypo"You are suffering, mother. But crite ? How is it, finally, that my brotell me what troubles you." "My daughter," sadly replied the ther, so loving to his mother, so mother, "pray for your brother." tender to his sister, so happy here"Does he no longer love you?" tofore in living with them, seems "I am sure that he still loves me, at times to fly from their caresses, but he no longer loves God; and to cast down his eyes before them, you know, my child, that when the amuses himself far from the love of God is driven from the family fireside, and exhibits imheart, the love of family and of patience and weariness when an accident forces him to remain with duty quickly departs also. The young girl, when alone in them? her own room, prayed for a long Will my brother become forgettime before retiring to rest. ful of his love? < The next day God caused to O my brother! answer thy sister. come into her hands one of those And the young girl, kneeling for books, modest missionaries, which, a moment before the statue of the borne upon the wings of angles, go Blessed Virgin in her room, preforth to sow good seeds. sented the little leaf to her, as if She founcf several pages in it asking her to bless it. She then which were like a revelation to her, placed it on her brother's desk. and, taking her pen, she wrote, Before the evening meal, which somewhat in the style of what she reunited the mother, brother, and had been reading, the following sister, the young apostle waited lines:— anxiously at the door of the drawA Few Questions to which I beg ing-room. my Brother to reply this evening. The brother enters, and, hasHow is it that my brother, so tening to his sister, his eyes filled grateful for the smallest attention with tears, takes both her hands from his sister, so thoughtful in in his, and embracing her most giving her pleasure, so ingenious affectionately, says: "Sister, I come in framing gracious words and af- to give you an answer: Before fectionate thanks, forgets God so separating we will all say our eveneasily? He, to whom he is indebt- ing prayers together." ed for a loving mother, a compeSorrowful mothers and sisters, tence which places him beyond the know you not some heart which reach of want, health which per- vice has not yet quite corrupted, mits him to 'enjoy life? How is it and to whom these lines would do that he never says to Him, I thank of service? Thee; nor even a short prayer at From: G O L D E N GRAINS. the beginning or the end of the day? Is my brother becoming unHOUSEHOLD HINTS. grateful ? Heat. How is it that my brother, so exact in fulfilling all his obligaThere are so many household tions, so industrious when at his actions which depend on the cause, work, so submissive to those who nature or effects of heat, that it can advance his interests, violates does not seem out of place to inwith so much indifference the troduce a few words on this imsolemn laws of God and the portant subject and its bearings Church, allowing his mother and in the home. sister to go alone to Mass on SunWhen heat is applied to objects day, and alone to the Table of the it has three great effects. Lord? He knows, nevertheless, 1. The objects get hotter. that there is an express command This is obvious and needs no furfor the performance of these reli- ther explanation. gious duties, and he has not for2. Many bodies change their gotten that several times he pub- state: that is, hard things become licly renewed the solemn promises soft, such as ice, glue or tar when made for him in baptism. heated becomes quite liquid, and Will my brother prove faithless some liquid things become hard. to his word? A n example is an egg, which cooks How is it that my brother, who quite hard, or a soft dough which has received a Christian education, bakes into a hard bread. In fact who has not lost his faith; who we try not to heat it too much for knows well all that he owes to God fear of making it too hard. Numerand to the Church; who could ous examples of this effect of heat prove, if necessary, the perfect occur in cooking. lawfulness of her authority; yet 3. Substances when heated get dares not make any open profes- larger. In the home this is persion of his religion, not even a sim- haps the most important of the ple sign of the cross; permits in three effects, as the following exhis presence, without remons- amples will show:— trance, lying and blasphemous at(a) If we fill the kettle full of tacks upon God, the Church, and cold water and place it on the the priesthood? fire. When the water gets hot Will my brother become a it can no longer fit in the kettle, coward ? and some of it pours out of the How is it that my brother—so spout. (The kettle also gets liscreet before his sister, so proud big, but since there is more of her candour and purity, promptwater it dots not increase as ly silencing in her presence the much.) Hence we never quite least objectionable word-reads in fill the kettle. v

Every child needs milk every day."

MILKMAID (b) If we pour boiling water into a glass dish it cracks. This is because the hot water makes the inside of the dish increase in size whilst the outside remains cold and small: hence it cracks. If the glass is thin it does not crack so easily, because the water makes the whole thing hot. Many breakages occur thus, and could be avoided by heating the whole vessel evenly. Chimneys of lamps crack when the light is turned up or turned out too suddenly. (c) If knives are placed in very hot water the steel increases so much more than the ivory that the handles soon become loose and destroyed. (d) A cold heater which is too small for a box iron will only just fit when it becomes red hot. It is difficult to put on our gloves when our hands are hot because the hands are larger. (e) The bars in front of a grate fit tightly when hot and are quite loose when cold. Heat can be conducted or passed from one body to another, and substances which pass the heat well are called good conductors. Some good conductors are silver, iron, marble and linen, and bad conductors are wood, paper, wollens, furs. It is noticed that good conductors feel cold, that is because they conduct away the heat from our hands, and so they feel cold. Bad conductors do not take the heat away, and so they feel warm. There is no heat in a good pair of blankets; they would not boil a kettle for us; but when placed on the bed they are such bad conductors that they do not let the heat of our bodies away into the air. For this reason we always wear furs or woollen things in the winter, and it is wise to always wear woollens next the skin and so keep the body always warm and unaffected by outside cold or heat. Paper is mentioned as a bad conductor, and sheets of paper sewn into a thin blanket make a very warm covering. This is why paper is often used as an iron holder—the heat of the iron cannot easily get through to the hand. A thermos flask is made on the same principle, and is a glass jar surrounded by a bad conductor. These bad conductors also keep the heat out, and if we wrap ice up in a blanket the heat of the room cannot get in to melt it. Turf ashes are also bad conductors, and if a piece of red coal is covered with them it will remain hot for hours. Ivory is also a bad conductor, and the ivory knob in the handle of a (Contd. on next Col.)


RECIPES. Apple Custard Pie. Pare, core and cut up four large apples, add about a gill of water and a little sugar, and stew until they are a pulp; then, while still hot, stir in a piece of butter about the size of a walnut. Now add the grated rind and juice of a lemon, the yolks of two eggs, one pint of milk, two level dessertspoonfuls of cornflour, and add more sugar until it is sweet enough. Put this mixture in a pie-dish lined with short pastry, and when cooked beat the whites of the two eggs to a stiff froth, and cover the top with this, after adding a few grains of sugar. Return to the oven, which must be at a very moderate heat, for a few seconds to brown the meringue, but great care must be taken that it does not scorch. Lemon Jelly. One and a quarter pints of water, one and a half gills of lemon-juice, six ounces of sug:r, half-inch of a stick of cinnamon, four cloves, one and a half ounces of gelatine, the rind of two lemons, the whites and shells of two eg?.*. Put all the ingredients into <• c-tan enameled or alum: uurn saucepan, place over moderate heat, and whisk until nearly boiling. Take out the whisk and Jet the jelly WW until it rises to the top of the pa*?, then draw it to one side and let it stand until the scrum cracks. Just move away the scrum and pour the jelly through a jelly-bag or clean cloth which has been wrung out in boiling water. Pour gently, a little at a time; return what has run through, and when it runs quite clear it is ready for use. If this jelly is required quickly, or if making it in hot weather, a little more gelatine is required. German Egg Sauce. This is an excellent sauce to serve with steamed puddings. It calls for the yolks of two eggs, half a gill of sherry, and a dessertspoonful of castor sugar. Put the yolks with the sherry and castor sugar into a whitelined saucepan and whisk over a moderate fire until the liquid thickens and is frothy, taking care that it does not curdle. silver teapot prevents the heat passing easily to the hand. Soot is a bad conductor, and it takes longer to heat a dirty pot than a clean one. (To be Continued)

M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , SATURDAY,22nd J U N E , 1935.

Press Gleanings By Air SUBMISSION TO ROME. In his address to the Southwell Diocesan Conference, the Anglican Bishop Ivlosley referred in remarkable terms to certain Anglican clergymen in his diocese who had shown a desire to discuss the possibilities of union with Rome. Their attitude has apparently caused the Bishop uneasiness, and he explained that "what is really causing me considerable disquiet is not the discussions on a movement towards reunion with Rome, but that clergymen who, having taken an oath of loyalty to the Church of England and having promised to use the Book of Common Prayer, seem by their actions to be entirely oblivious of this. To me the honest course would be not to wait, but to make, as Rome would wish them to make, their immediate submission to that community; and 1 would do all I could to assist them in. that course."




In a leaflet which is being distributed by the Society for Catholic Reunion. the Rev. Silas M . Harris, its President, acclaims the two martyr Saints as "among the great heroes of their country." He explains very clearly that they were both executed solely because they refused to recognise K i n g Henry VIIFs claim to supersede the Pope as Head of the Church in England. He then insists that "in our own day increasing numbers in the Church of abnormal England are realising the state of her enslavement to this secular power, and the necessity of regaining the lost unity with the whole Catholic Church and her Head." The canonisation will, he declares, "cause many more seriously to ponder the whole question anew." But his own pondering still leaves him apparently convinced in the amazing opinion that those Anglicans who "labour for the restored freedom of the English Church and her reunion with the rest of Catholic Christendom" are to-day "involved in the same circumstances are in fact utterly different. If the Catholic martyrs had been content to accept membership of the Anglican Church in the vague hope of restore its freedom" "labouring to from inside, they would have escaped imprisonment and execution, and they would most certainly not have been canonised.



We quote St. Gertrude's Parish Record (South Croydon), edited by F r . W. A . Pritchard: "I wonder whether there is in the whole world a country whose people allow themselves so meekly to be fettered in bonds of red tape and hampered and clogged with stupid and childish regulations as the English! Or who boast so loudly of their freedom. Freedom of speech is about all we have left, and even that can probably be stifle! by The the recently passed Sedition Act. Transport Board arbitrarily stops private school buses and provides no facilities in exchange. A l l the majesty of the Law is invoked against a Member of Parliament who dares to have a tuppeny draw for a cabbage in a private hall. Starving people can be compelled by a committee of well-fed busybodies to disclose the whole of their private lives before being granted inadequate relief. Active steps are being taken by people who probably live in mansions and have no children to make it a punishable offence for the poor to sleep more than three in a room. Judges in open court are allowed with impunity to insult people who, in their idiotic opinion, have more children than is good for them. And so on, and so on, Freedom, forsooth!" CHRISTIANITY



Once again we have to report fresh instances of interference with Catholic priests and nuns by the German Government, and we are glad to see that the deplorable situation now arising has produced several protests of exceptional weight in The Times. The Anglican Bishop of Chichester, who has previously used his influence strongly in pleading for a fair hearing for Herr Hitler, writes to express the intense disappoint-



ment of many sympathisers. The Moderator of the Federal Council of the Free Churches of England writes to support this letter, declaring that the Free Churches "have always longed for closer and more cordial relationships with Germany," and protests that the German persecution of the Christian Churches "raises the gravest doubts in the minds of those who are keenest> in their desire for understanding and peace." Another letter, from M r . Edwyn Bevan, declares that "an announcement that this or the other priest or pastor has been haled into prison and treated as a criminal does more in a morning to damage the credit of the first German State than Jewish propaganda could do in months." [Universe, June 7.].




The Cardinal Archbishop of Breslau, Mgr. Bertram, made a statement, reported in Tuesday's Times, on the recent convictions of religious for smuggling currency out of the country, on which we commented last week. His Eminence suggested that, though the Church disapproves of these offences, they may have been committed through ignorance or in consequence of misguidance by third parties. Who were these third parties we ask? Agents- provocateurs ? Our readers will form their own conclusions, but they will note with particular care one or two important facts. First, that as the Cardinal says, some of the monasteries and convents "are in sore straits." Second, that the Government has persistently refused them the accommodation, granted easily to others, necessary for the repayment of their binding debts abroad. Third, that savage sentences have been imposed, and given the widest possible publicity, in order to discredit the Church. Fourth, the religious have secured no private advantages, nor worked for any psivate interest.




N A Z I S B A N 20 C A T H O L I C


â&#x20AC;˘ Most significant of all, for publishing the Cardinal Archbishop's letter twenty Catholic editors have been suspended from office! Now the cat is out of the bag at last, and we know how to estimate the whole business. There was no defamation of Germany in the Cardinal's letter, which no Catholic editor would refuse to publish. Of what use is a Catholic Press which cannot explain the actions of its brethren, especially when they are being used controversially ? For our part we are not deceived. Unless further- and satisfactory evidence to the contrary is forthcoming we shall treat all stories of currency speculation as extremely suspect. There is the clearest possibility that the charges are fabricated. The attack on the Church has commenced, and it bears all the marks of a clumsy, heavy German assault, with a total absence of understanding of the psychology of others which has always been a mark of German officialdom. The second Kulturkampf will fail! [Catholic Times, June 7].




For health, sleep and bright awakening


C H R I S T " IN T H E U.S.A.

The Apostolic Blessing has been bestowed by His Holiness Pope Pius X I upon the "Catholic Campaigners for Christ" who, under the direction of David Goldstein, of Boston, assisted by Theodore H . Dorsey, have carried the Catholic message to the people assembled in the streets, squares and parks of America on over 1,300 occasions during their nation-wide lecture tour, which is still in progress. In a letter to Mr. Goldstein, H . E m . Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli, Papal Secretary of State, says: "His Holiness charges me to express to you His grateful appreciation of the detailed account of the noble work which you and your collaborators have been carrying on for years. In pledge of abundant grace, the Holy Father sends to you and to your blessing at the same time the work to colleagues the Apostolic Benediction, which you are dedicating yourselves." (Lumen-NCWC).

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All correspondence and literary contributions should be addressed to The Managing Editor, Rev. &. Cardon, 73, Bras Basah Road, Singapore. Tel. 7376, Singapore.




Saturday, 22nd June, 1935.



of life and death: whilst the Socialist theories, pervading Russia, Germany and Mexico to-day, propose the higher law of the good of the whole race or community, to which the subordinate could appeal against the arbitrary tyranny of the individual. The Christian ideal finds a happy medium between these two extremes. There has to be some satisfactory restraint on the arbitrary tyranny of selfish and unnatural parents and this is best done by instilling into them that their authority is derived from God and as such they are responsible to H i m alone for any abuse of this sacred privilege. In fact the authority of parents is not only derived from God, but it represents His rule; and when applied in the right way, the governance of children by their parents approximates most perfectly "the image and likeness" of God's guidance of each individual soul.

The idea of justice is inherent in children from an early age, and even little ones feel nothing harder to bear than being treated unjustly. The motive of reward which impels young children to carry out orders must be raised, with growing years, to the higher motive of gratitude. Once this sense of gratitude is implanted in their minds as the motive factor of their actions, then the final basis of true filial obedience which is loir will make itself felt. This Love from which will spring a host of other virtues must constantly be the main spring of our children's actions. They will gradually learn to recognise that they carry out the will of another, not for any good they themselves may obtain, or to avoid any evils that may threaten them, but only because they shall thereby add to the pleasure of one whom they delight to see taking pleasure, or to avert pain from one whom they should be sorry to see in pain. This is the spirit that should actuate our minds in bowing to the H o l y W i l l of God.

on Sundays and Holy days of obligation. Even the more way ward ones who neglect their roll" gious practices, have a self-accusatory feeling of a grave omission" and tactful persuasion has often produced a revival of their spiritual consciousness. Policy of Catholic Paper. " The policy of a Catholic paper is dictated by the necessities of the cause it exists to serve. That cause is the Catholic Church. There would be no point in making a paper such as this a purveyor of general news. We have a plethora of dailies and weeklies dedicated to that end. So far as we know, they fulfill their function to the general satisfaction. If, occasionally, they are highly coloured, if they feature sensationalism, rather than the calm, dispassionate reviewing of events, at least they are spreading news. It ignores religion, because it is unable to cope with ithe religious point of view." The above passage which scintillates much truth and practical wisdom is taken from an editorial from the able pen of Jean Armstrong, Editress of the Catholic Review Shanghai. This is certainly what we call ' a straight deal from the shoulder ' and there is no mincing of words at all. As we have pointed out before in our columns, the aims and concept of a Catholic paper cannot be identical with those of secular journals, as we have a definite mission to nerform in upholding the traditions of the Holy Catholic Church. In temporal matters of interest to our fold and fellow beings we may feel justified at times, to join issue with our secular contemporaries, but in matters affecting Faith are morals we may even have to cross swords to vindicate truth when necessary. It will be recalled by some that the Editress of the Shanghai Catholic Review is none other than the lady who screened a few religious films here some time back.

The cry of the moment everywhere is that the younger generation is getting clean out of hand, and this is generally put down to the spirit of the age. W e often hear from despondent parents such tearful tales, about the If parents will infuse this lofty refractory nature of their chilspirit i n presiding faithfully over dren, and how they flout parental the interests of their children, then authority by not heeding their they might rightly claim the exlawful behests. Such complaints plicit promise from God, of what however are hardly ever heard i n is frequently a temporal as well families where normal standards as a spiritual reward. The absoof Christian conduct prevail; lute need for obedience on the The Wails of an Anglican Minister. where Christian virtues are incul- part of children finds sanction in The Anglican Church Magazine cated by the force of example and the following words "Honour thy of the Parish of Selangor in an not by the criminal threats of father and thy mother, that thoti article on ' Ascension Day ' makes using physical force on erring mayest be long-lived upon the the following remarks:â&#x20AC;&#x201D;"Thursday, May 30th was the anniversary children. land which the Lord thy God will of the Accession to the Throne of Filial obedience is a duty de- give thee." A n d the penalty for God of our Lord and Saviour Jesus volving on all children towards omitting this duty is contained in Christ, the King of Kings. On parents, and those who hold dele- the warming " H e that curseth his way down to St. Mary's Church gated authority in loco parentis. his father or mother shall die the for the Thanksgiving Service.â&#x20AC;&#x201D; D u t y of any sort has a subjective death" (Exodus. X X . 12; X X I . the Holy Eucharist, which the King of Kings had promised to as well as an objective aspect and 17). attend in Person,â&#x20AC;&#x201D;the Chaplain we may do well to discuss our found the road between his house It is again of paramount i m - and the corner of Bukit Nanas ' topic from these two viewpoints. The most apt significance of the portance to parents to cite a Road crowded with folk returning filial home from a similar Service held '^hity' is conveyed by the praiseworthy motive for obedience. This motive will ne- af~an earlier hour in their own French word 'devoir' meaning 'to H A R D THINGS A R E TO B E cessarily vary according to the Church. They must have numberowe.' From this we readily realed some hundreds (the reference age and development of the DONE. ise that in the discharge of any of course is to the Catholic Church child's mind. If one fully realised When a hard thing is to be done at Kuala Lumpur.) On arrival duty two parties are involved, one the natural inclination of most of that one were entirely at the at St. Mary's he consulted the serto whom something is owed vice register and found that only us is to allow ourselves to think on mercy of another and that disand the other who owes some41 had been present in this church the effort necessary to do it, thing. W i t h this fundamental obedience would entail severe at 6.30. The 7.30 service supplied instead of going ahead and doing principle as our starting point we hardship and punishment, there two more, and afterwards there it. And here we make one of the may proceed to tackle the subject can be no laudable reason for such was one private communion. Why most common mistakes of our obedience which springs from this painful contrast? Why do lives. When one is confronted by of obedience to parents. dread. It savours of the reluc- the Roman Catholics so constantly a severe task of duty which seems It is usually seen that very tant obedience shown by the put us to shame, in their keen almost beyond one's powers, it is young children necessarily begin bondsman who fears the lash of devotion to the things that really fatal to pause to consider its difficulties. Never mind how hard matter?' with unquestioning obedience, and his callous taskmaster. With it may seem, nothing can be toleronly gradually realise that they children who have not begun to ated in the mind except the conmust take a personal responsibility exercise their reason the motive We do not reproduce the above sideration of ways of accomplishfor their actions. O n the other of fear is often necessary, so that excerpt with a view to showing ing it. The secret of accomplishhand, it is not easy for "grown- they may be deterred from an down the religious apathy and ment lies in the answer of the urchin who was asked if he ups" to gauge the degree in which intense immediate pleasure by the waywardness of our Anglican thought he would get the wood children can grasp a more or less thought of the penalty it will brethren or to extol the religious chuck for which he was energeticabstract argument, for we know bring. Though the adage, "Spare zeal of our co-religionists. Xo ally digging: "Get him ? Why. odious comparison of any sort is that their faculties are not capable the rod and spoil the child," contemplated or implied herein, man, I've got to get him; the of following some trains of remains true, yet a " counter- but we wish to point out that minister's coming to dinner and there ain't no meat in the house." thought that seem fairly simple to attraction" often proves more when religion becomes a matter of It is a wise economy in daily life us. When children have suffi- effective, as it is always more con- private choice and sentiment it to train the mind*^ to take the cannot at the same time be reciently attained the use of reason, genial to affectionate parents. garded as an imperative duty that attitude of determination in the it must be made clear to them When a child has attained to such we owe God. It is the latter view beginning; to be deaf to the self which insists upon dwelling upon that when anyone is absolutely a use of its reason as will allow us that the Catholic Church has ever difficulties, and at once to bring dependent on another, he must, of to appeal to rather more abstract maintained. So it is no wonder if into action the self that is deternecessity, submit to the guidance ideas, w e can make use of the Catholic Churches have a greater mined to succeed. Most persons attendance than other denominaof that other. sense of justice and fair-play as a tional places of worship are able to have had the experience of looking back over an accomplished task for induce or command. With the with amused surprise at the In less civilised countries the more effectual substitute punishment by pointing out that average Catholic who has been exaggerated idea they entertained authority of the farther was re Do the thing what has been ill-done or indif- sufficiently initiated in his Faith, of it beforehand. cognised as being equivalent to it becomes a matter of spiritual first and consider its difficulty ferently done must be set right. that o f a slave-owner, with power discipline with him to attend mass afterwards.

Notes & Comments



M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 22nd J U N E , 1935. DIOCESE OF M A L A C C A .

DIOCESE OF M A C A O . CHURCH OF ST. JOSEPH. Calendar for the week.


Calendar for the Week.

f o r

June 23. Sunday—Second Sunday after Pentecost and Within the Octave of Corpus Christi. WITHIN T H E OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. White vestments. Proper of (Luke, XIV, 16—24.) the Mass p. 192 in the " Small Missal." Solemnity of Corpus At that time, Jesus spoke to the Pharisees this parable: a cerChristi. Solemn High Mass tain man made a great supper and invited many. And he sent his at 8 a.m. Vespers of the servant at the hour of supper, to say tc them that were invited, that Blessed Sacrament at 5 p.m. they should come, for now all things were ready. And they began to be followed by Procession all at once to make excuse. The first said to him, I have bought a and Benediction of the Blessed farm, and I must needs go out, and see it; I pray thee hold me Sacrament. excused. And another said, I have bought five yoke cf oxen, and I June 24. Monday—Nativity of St. go to try them; I pray thee, hold me excused. And another said, I John the Baptist, Patron of have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come. And the servant the City of Macao. Doub. 1st returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the cl. with octave. house being angry, said to his servant, Go out quickly into the June 25. Tuesday—Of the octave streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the of Corpus Christi. feeble, and the blind and the lame. And the servant said, Lord, it June 26. W'day—Of the octave of is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room. And the Corpus Christi. Lord said to the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and June 27. Thursday—Octave day compel them to come in, that my house may be filled. But I say unto of Corpus Christi. you, that none of these men that were invited shall taste of my June 28. Friday—The Feast of supper. the Most Sacred Heart of COMMENTARY. Jesus. Double of the first class with octave. Plenary inThis is one of the most en-Money comes the factor-Pleasure, f LUTHER A N DTHE BIBLE. dulgence for the members of pleasures, uu.^,,— • ^ unlicensed Every few years fresh life is •couraging gospels that the Missal Unlawful the Association for the Propleasures, unauthorized pleasures* •offers for our consideration. Ingiven to the old myth about pagation of the Faith. Luther's liberation of the Bible tdeed, we may venture to call it the have taken possession of man who t Evening Service at 5.30 from the obscurity in which it w as •most consoling to sinners and to thinks that he can buy his life-1 Abstinence. pleasures. Against these Jesus 1 June 29. Saturday—Sts. Peter supposed to have been placed by • stray sheep in general. speaks very clearly: "non< of " mediaeval monks." The story 4 dnd Paul, apostles. Double The friends—rejected. these men shall taste of has been revived in an American • 1st cl. my paper and promptly copied into • The most intimate friends of supper." Jthe Lord have excused themselves many others. Though we can be Compel them to come i n . . . . \ INACCURACY OF L U T H E R ' S quite certain that it will reapper *to attend the supper. The excuses As for the rest of mankind. • TRANSLATION. iare noteworthy: avarice and lust. again and again, it is no harm to Jesus simply wants to have hist 4 The kingdom of God is, to them, When it is stated that Catholic re-state the facts that Catholics Tin an inferior level to a farm, a house filled Every one is called.! contemporaries of Luther objected are almost tired of hearing. •few yoke of oxen and a wife. It The Catholic Church has set out* to his translation, it is often left First we are reminded about the • appears then that these are the by divine order and command, t to be understood that it was to the chained bibles. We are told that, • greatest obstacles to an intimate first into the streets and lanes of • fact that Luther had translated the when he was a monk, Luther found j union with the Lord of Life. the City, which we may interpret I Bible into the popular language the Bible chained to the wall of •Avarice and Lust are indeed to- as the Catholic Nations, secondly f that they objected, whereas the the monastery, and the implication • day the largest ways conducing to into the highways and hedges oft fact is that they objected because is that this w as done so that it thell and to eternal damnation. the Pagan countries to have all J of the inaccuracy of Luther's might not pass into common use. • Modern world pretends that we mankind seated at the divine 1 version and because of the way in The fact is that, in the days before | should not call them by such banquet of Eucharistical Body oft which he mutilated the text. Invitations are Not merely is this wrong interprinting was invented and before •names. Names that recall to our Jesus Christ. • its use became widespread, books • minds deep impressions of moral- first sent with kind words of in- pretation given to contemporary of Christianity. Modern troduction, of propaganda, by the! objections, but it is sometimes were frequently chained in libra- • ity, ries—just as library catalogues are t world would call them "Economy missionaries. Many are convert- j calmly stated (as in the recent ocfastened by cords in many • and Pleasure." Lawful pleasure, ed in this way. Many abandon • casion in the United States) that libraries today. Books were then • of course. But in spite of this, their ordinary lives to attend the! Luther's translation was so faithStill there arej ful that it has survived down to of great value, and the usual prac- • they remain always the same, Lord's supper. tice was to keep them in locked j Avarice is avarice and lust is lust. many others, stubborn and obsti-I chests and presses. But when it • Avarice and Lust-the real enemies nate. These shall be compelled to* FR. BUSH RESCUED FROM come in. By whom? By the same? was desired to make them acces- J of mankind. BANDITS. By thej sible to students, they were taken t The economical conditions of servants of the Lord. out of the presses, but chained in i the world are such that everybody missionaries aided by Jesus' grace.* Peiping, June 17.—It is reported order to prevent them from being •is drawn into the "gulf-stream" And then the house shall be filled. • from Kaiying Father Hanry J . stolen. The fact that chained • that Money has created around And then there shall be joy with-J Bush, an American Roman Cathobibles were so common in Churches • itself. Money to-day reigns al- in the Lord's heart. lic priest, has been rescued by The kingdom of God is also a t Chinese troops at Huangpi on the and monasteries did not therefore • mighty over bodies and souls. indicate a wish to keep the know- •Our friends the Americans call it kingdom of men. God is not soli- J border of Kiangsi and Kwangtung ledge of the scriptures from the • the "Almighty Dollar" and who is tary. Jesus bought us for such a j after being a month in the hands people, but rather a desire to put • going to deny such assertion. The price that He will do His best toj of bandits.—Reuter. them within reach of as many as • real foundations of wealth have have us with Him in heaven. • Firstly He shall kindly invite us.f possible. t been abandoned for a fateful over- Secondly He shall send us such At the "Reformation," the so- • industrialism with the result that stroke of His grace that our stub-* the present day. Again, the quescalled " Reformers" did not • there is a common belief that borness shall fade away before the! tion is one of fact. Esmer, a change this practice. Chained • monev means happiness. There is manifestation of His will. A n d l Biblical scholar of Luther's time, bibles remained in their churches tat present a nervous race for then we shall enjoy Him for ever.t pointed out 1,400 errors in the translation, while Bunsen, another for over three hundred years. • Money, a~ race which is showing , On condition, of course, we har-J scholar, and a protestant, called There are definite records, for • the most degrading aspects of tr.c bour not within ourselves, thet • attention to 3,000. instance, of their existence for this • A N I M A L - M A N when he forgets vices of avarice and lust. . . • No one now regards Luther as a time in Chelsea, East W inch. t h i s spirituality. Closely akin to great scriptural scholar, or atEvesham, Minehead, Stratford and tempts to defend his alterations other places. Similarly there were and omissions on textual grounds. chained libraries at Bolton and He had no scruple in putting in the published his version of the New Wimborne till late in the seven- TRANSLATION OF T H E B I B L E . Testament in 1522, and of the Old words " only " and " alone " into teenth century. There were chainNext comes the other oftentexts of St. Paul's Epistle to the ed books in Eton and in the Oxford repeated statement that Luther's Testament in 1534. Romans (Chs. III. 20; IV. 15; III, Colleges of Brasenose and Merton translation of the Bibl'e was the 28) in order to force an interpretathat there was no Further proof until the eighteenth century, and first to be made into the language tion that he wished to derive. in the libraries of Circencester, of the peopie. It is difficult to see tendency on the part of the When critics pointed this out, he Catholic Church to keep the Bible Llandbadam and Manchester until how this can be declared in good wrote: " If your new Papist the nineteenth. The fiction that faith, for in his Tischreden. from the people is shown by the makes much ado about the word fact that in the seventy years since bibles were chained in the Middle Luther himself tells that he read 'also' just say straight out to him: Ages in order to prevent people the Bible in German when he was the invention of printing and the 'Dr. Luther will have it, and says, printing of Luher's Bible, Catholics from reading them arose in Ger- a young boy. It is a well-known Papist and donkey are one and the many in the eighteenth century, historical fact, too, that at least had published one hundred and same thing'; thus I will and am eighty-eight known editions of the and was given its present currency eight^en complete versions of the determined to have i t ; my will is Principally through E. M . Scriptures in German (fourteen in Bible. These included eleven in the reason." (The Rock, Mav Italian, ten in French, two in D'Aubigne, the Swiss historian, in High German, four in Low Ger1935). Bohemian and one in Russian. his history of the Protestant man) had appeared before Luther Reformation. June

23. Sunday—2nd Sunday After Pentecost. The External of Corpus Christi. High Mass and Vespers of the Feast. Procession of the Blessed Sacrament. June 24. Monday—The Nativity of St. John the Baptist. June 25. Tuesday—Of the Octave of Corpus Christi. June 26. Wednesday—Of the Octave of Corpus Christi. June 27. Thursday—Octave Day of Corpus Christi. June 28. Friday—The Most Sacred Heart of Jesus. Double of the 1st Class with Octave. Act of Reparation to t heSacred Heart. June 29. Saturday—St. Peter and Paul, Apostle.






A L E C T U R E ON HISTORY England has two new Saints, St. John Fisher and St. Thomas More On the 22 June the feast of St. John Fisher, Martyr, will be for the first time celebrated not only by the Catholic, but also by many non-Catholics. As the London Correspondent of the M.C.L. writes: "the Cardinal of Rochester and the famous Lord Chancellor are now being acclaimed as great national figures and it is certainly the case that the English people generally, irrespective of religion are interested and even delighted that the highest honours of the Catholic Church should be bestowed on men of their own race." Such words sound quite different from what they would have been in a not far distant time. Tempora mutanttir et ncs mutamur in illis. Times change and we change with them.

fence or propaganda was allowed. To-day no right-minded man would accept history written by Nazist Historians, regarding the religious movement in Germany, as true and correct; thus how should we accept history written under the same circumstances when Elizabeth was persecuting her Catholics subjects ? England under Henry VIII separated from Rome, and under Elizabeth became Protestant. These are two historical facts. How did it Hapen?

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It is always an act of the highest tyranny from the part of a monarch to compel his subjects to The fact that you change religion as it pleases himare already insured self, and an act of the basest need not hinder slavery from the part of the you from asking people to change religion not by for a quotation— conviction but by the will of the perhaps we can The first celebration of the sovereign. But still greater tyrhelp you to econofeast of thes tw o Saints is a wel- anny is it, when a country is come occasion to give our Catholic obliged to leave a religion that has mise in premium. readers a lecture on the History been its religion for thousand of the time when these Saints years by the order of a sovereign E V E R Y RISK lived and died for their faith. They to whose scandalous licentiousness were Catholics until death, keeping or arbitrary policy that religion RATED ON the faith of their forefathers pure would not agree, though the people ITS MERITS. and entire in spite of persecution; had in their hands the legal means they endured martyrdom from the to check the monarch. Macaulay hand of their king, imploring the wondering himself how easily EngA PROGRESSIVE BRITISH NON-TARIFF C O M P A N Y mercy of Almighty God for their land became an adherent of the new religion, introduced by the king and for their country. sovereign, writes: "It cannot he Most of the Protestant authors imagined that people who had in who have written the history of their own hands the means of Henry V n i and Elizabeth were not checking their princes would free from prejudices, when relat- suffer any prince to impose upNATIONAL E M P L O Y E R S * MUTUAL ing the struggle of the English on them a religion generally deGENERAL INSURANCE ASSOCIATION LTD. S " 2£2S Catholics with Henry and Eliza- tested." MEYER CHAMBERS, beth, and deserve, therefore, rightSINGAPORE. ly the reproach of having written RAFFLES PLACE. From these words we conclude: ' P H O N E : 2845. the history of these reigns inac(1) To impose upon a people curately concerning the Catholics. a new religion detested by them, He who inquires with an unbiassed would be a crime against that mind into the government of E l i people. zabeth, into the administration of ARCHBISHOP H I N S L E Y (2) It would have been legal her ministers, servile instruments The sea had been rough and Leslie for the English people if they was feeling ill. The Archbishop went PRESIDES A T SESSION OF of her suspicious temper, will arhad resisted the imposing of a to the rescue, took the boy into his rive at conclusions far different ENGLISH BISHOPS. cabin and attracted his attention away new religion upon them by the from what we see laid down in the from possible results of a heavy sea. sovereign. works of Protestant authors of Speaking in a mixture of English and these times. What we witness toFrench the boy said: "The big Bishop New Head of Westminster See The Catholics did not sutler the magnifique! I was going to be ill day in bolshevist Russia, in fascist Wins Acclaim of British Throngs. was and he lifted me on the sofa in his Italy and in Nazi Germany gives sovereign to impose upon them a By George Barnard. cabin. He showed me his cross and ns an idea of what happened three religion detested by them: thev told me all about it and that he was made themselves not guilty of the to four hundred years ago in E l i (London Correspondent, N . C . W . C . News going to London. He was very, very Service). zabethan England. N i l novi sub above-mentioned slavery, but they nice., and ever so kind. A grand monL o n d o n.—The Most Rev. Arthur seigneur!" sole Nothing new under the sun. resisted making the utmost efforts successor to the late Cardinal As to-day in modern Europe in to assert the most sacred of human Hinsley, Bourne, took official possession of his PRESIDES OVER HIERARCHY. the above-named countries no opi- rights and sacrificing everything, see as fifth Archbishop of Westminster On the day after his enthronement nion concerning religious matters life itself (as did our two martyrs) at a private meeting of the Metropolitan Archbishop Hinsley presided at the Cathedral Chapter. He was solemnly opposing the regime of the to their religious conviction. annual meeting of the Hierarchy ot enthroned in the Cathedral on the transL. B. country is permitted to appear England and Wales. ferred Feast of St. George, Protector of Catholics here are wondering what publicly, thus under Elizabeth no England. will be the outcome of Archbishop Catholic opinion, no Catholic de(To be continued) In contrast to the sunshine he had Hinsley's recent message to the Cathor

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left behind him in Rome, the weather was cold and wet when the Archbishop arrived here, but a big crowd of Londoners gave him a warm greeting, and dozens of cameramen exploded the gloom in Victoria station with liashlights as he stepped from the train.

lics of the United States, sent through the N . C . W . C . correspondent in Rome. This message promised support from England for and imitation of Catholic Action in the United States.

S H O W S N O SIGNS O F W E A R I N E S S Those who had gone to the railroad depot, knowing that the prelate is nearly 70 and expecting to see an old man feeble after a long tropical illness, were surprised to find that Archbishop Hinsley is a tall, upright, energetic man, swift in his movements, unflurried, with a smile for everybody—even for the jostling cameramen whom he jocu;arly reproved with the remark: "You've been shooting at me all day." A t the end of his 30-hour journey by train and ci'Oss-Channel sieamer he looked fit enough for a day's work. In recent years he has travelled 150,000 miles on missions for the Holy See by almost every known kind of transport and in most degrees of climate. Not a prelate or a distinguished layman but a 4-year-old boy delivered the first speech of welcome. Young Leslie Burgess was a fellow-passenger on the steamer, and he delivered his informal speech to the newspapermen when the boat train arrived here.

PROMINENT CATHOLIC'S P A R T I N ORGANISING THE DRAGON PROCESSION FOR THE KING'S J U B I L E E IN HONGKONG. The Dragon Procession is still, several weeks after it was held, the talk of Hongkong, and the perfect precision with which it was carried out was a proof of a skilful organiser somewhere behind the scenes. No one was su^prise.1 to hear that the chief share of the credit belongs to M r . Simon Tse Y a n , one of the Hon. Presidents of the Chinese Catholic Young Men's Society o Hongkong, who has so many times been responsible for good work done out c* the limelight .The additional Praeon performance in Caroline Hili benefited the most deservedly popular Chinese charity in Hongkong*: the Home for the Aged in Kowloon City, where the Little Sisters of the Poor care f;>r one hundred and twentv destitute old people. (The Rock). f






(By Our Own Correspondent.)

CRICKET Leighton of the Straits Times considers that Henry Boon and Sullivan have a chance to play in the Colony Cricket side against the F . M . S . in August. He left out F . Reutens of Penang and Chia Keng Heck of Singapore who fully deserve inclusion.




F. Chopard distinguished himself last Saturday when by forceful cricket he scored an excellent 29 runs for the nondescripts against the S.C.C. on the Padang. He is a player worth keeping an eye on for the future. Chopard also stumped two batsmen out.





The S.F.A. defeated the Malacca Indo Ceylonese at cricket by 9 runs. C. Rodrigues took 4 for 29 runs and scored 52 runs. The S.R.C. drew with with the Ceylon Sports Club in a Second X I game at Balestier Road on Sunday. The S.R.C. made 133 and the C.S.C. 30 for 4 wickets. Sullivan made 54 for the S.R.C.

Raffles College was beaten at cricket bv the S.C.R.C. on Sunday. D. Ess 25 R. Hoffman, A . S. Machado and S. Mosbergen (15) were the Catholic Collegians in the losing side Ess captured 3 wickets. Chia Keng Hock scored a very attractive 33 runs and took 4 for 30. H . Boon compiled 18 and took 1 for 33.

P. d'Almeida found back some of his cricket form when he make 34 and collected 1 wicket for S.R.C. vs. Medical College. He skippered his team.

CRICKET IN K. L. "What may be called the local Eaton-Harrow Cricket Match between the St. John's Institution and the Methodist Boys' School was played on the latter's ground on the 15th instant. St. John's defeated their opponents by a margin of 26 runs, counting on one innings alone. The closing stages of the game were marred by rain, but for this St. John's would have achieved a brighter victory. A remarkable feature of the game was the brilliant play of B. Ponniah, who was the top scorer with 19 for his school. His bowling was very remarkable capturing 4 wickets for 35 and 6 wickets for 44. Liew contributed 16 and 17 runs respectively in the two innings. T. Guneratne was undefeated for his 34."


Rodrigues b Shori 0; Preston D. not out 2; Herbert Stewart c Ramsamy b Shori 0; Extras 2; Total 182. Bowling:—Ramasamy one for 82 runs. L. R. Shori five for 44 runs. Kali two for 37 runs, Joshi two for 19 runs. AMRUTHA


V. Ramasamy b Koot Yeang 0; S. G . Joshi lbw b Rodrigues 17; L . R. Shori b Rodrigues 23; Kali c Chung Leong b Teik Koon 8; A n g Soo Ghee c Stewart b Rodrigues 0; G. Liang run out 0; K . J . H c n g c Preston b Rodrigues 3; V . Rajuo c Mah Teong b Rodrigues 0;V. Jeremiah c and b Rodrigues 1; V . Muhtu not out 1; Nelson c Stewart b Rodrigues 0: Extras 2; Total 55. Bowling:—Hoot Yeang one for 12 run?. Carrier none for 6 runs M a h Teong none for 14 runs, Rodrigues 7 for 9 runs, D . L a Brooy none for 9 runs and Teik Koon one for 3 runs.

SOCCER. The S.R.C. did very well indeed to draw with the Wiltshires with a goal each. J . Edwards S.R.C. Custodian was magnificent. Time and again he alone stood between the Regiment and a certain score and was only beaten once. Albuquerque, captain and right full back, came through a gruelling game with flying colours. Maurice and George Valberg are proving very effective and put in some excellent work. George ought to be giver, a chance for the state against Johore. Alphonso, and Oliveiro, put in hard useful work too and deserve mention.

The S . A . F . A . team for the Malaya Cup match between Singapore and Johore to be played at Anson Road Stadium on Friday June 21st Contained only Chia Keng Hock and G. Valberg. N . Hay's omission seems inexplicable unless he has had to step out through injury. Edwards of the S.R.C. could be given a trial in place of either Said or Muthucumaru who do not impress.

When the Chinese defeated their dangerous Soccer rivals—the R . A . a few days ago—Chia Keng Hock scored 2 goals, and was responsible for the third* * * *

Mr. G . A . Machado, teacher at St. Joseph's Institution, very kindly took a relay team to Seletar to compete in the R. A . F . Sports held last Saturday. Though the lads managed to win only third place they are to be congratulated.

BOXING. Fred Miller (U.S.A.) the world featherweight champion, retained his title by defeating Ned Farleton of Liverpool, British champion, on points in a 15 round contest. He is indeed a real champion.

S. X . I. Trounce Amrutha V i l l a .


A brilliant 109 (retired) by D . LaBrooy enabled the St. Xavier's Institution to beat the Amrutha Villa by 127 runs in their cricket fixture played on 8th June 193.5 on the Istitution ground. The Institution took the first lease of the wickets and put up a total of 182 runs. D. L a Brooy, 109 retired and F . Carrier 38 played a very useful innings. L. R. Shori captured five for 44 runs. The Villa was only able to reply with 55 runs of which Shori contributed a useful 23 runs. Rodrigues did most of the damages to capture seven wickets for only nine runs. Scores:—



D. L a Brooy Retired 109; Khoo Boon Choo b Ramasamy 1; L a i Sow Chek b L R. Shori 5; Loh Hoot Yeang b Kali 16; Gan Mah Teong b Kali 0; Felix Carrier Run Out 38; Chow Teik Koon c Joshi b Shori 0: Chung Chan Loong b Shori 9;









SPORTS. The S.F.I, held a sports meeting on June 12th at the. School ground to compete for House Honours and also to select candidates for competition in the Inter-School Sports to be held on June 22nd at the High School ground. O. Carvalho did a very good sprint in the 100 yards and the long jump, while C. Carvalho did well in the 220 years and Toledo in the high jump with Thomazios a close second. The children were entertained to light refreshments, cakes and biscults by the Christian Brothers.


Msgr. Enrico Pucci,

(Vatican City Correspondent, N.C.W.C. News Service). Vatican City.—Profound thoughts on the love for one's Motherland and praise for the sacrifices men make for their native land in times of strife were expressed by His Holiness Pope Pius X I in two discourses pronounced on the occasion of visits paid to him by 2,700 French war veterans and by 400 French boys, members of the Association Jeunesse Patriote. Speaking to the war veterans, the Pope said he wished first to express fatherly gratitude for the gift of -everal volumes illustrating the monuments of Toulouse and landscapes of the Pyrenees. " A well-divined gift," he .<aid, " is the record of the beautiful mountains of the Pyrenees to a great friend of the Alps." Filled with Meaning. The very name war veterans, survivors of the Great War, the Holy Father said, is filled with meaning since it indicates they have fought in the battles of the great and terrible war—battles even more severe than dangers from which they had been preserved by Divine Providence and their Guardian Angels. He hoped, he said, that these war veterans would be conquerors always in the battle of life. " The experiences of

every day,*' the Pontiff said, "require a continuous effort of discipline, resistance, courage and perseverance, just as in real battle. How many difficulties arc met in daily work, in the simple duties of every day? This is a terrible duty that returns with implacable uniformity and requires always the same calm, the same sacrifice, the same attention and the same abnegation. " There are also the extraordinary battles which occur from time to time. These are the battles that Providence has reserved for you war veterans." Noble Form of Charity. Addressing the Jeunesse Patriote, the Pope remarked that their very name indicated quite a programme. Theirs, he said, is among the noblest forms of charity since it has the Motherland for its object. " The Motherland," he said, " is not only the land that has given us birth; it is called Mother not only for what it has given us materially, but for what it has done through the centuries. " One thing is certain, that is that the patriotism which is called French and the youth which is called French and patriotic cannot but give, in its sentiment, in its life, in its action, the due position to religion—to the Catholic Religion. In fact, it treats of that French which has merited the titlei Eldest Daughter of the Church."



M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 22nd J U N E , 1935.

Catholic Affairs from Far and Near EUROPE. J20 RELIGIOUS A R R E S T E D U N D E R STRICT NAZI F I N A N C E L A W S A R E NOW IN G E R M A N PRISONS. T

(Special Correspondence, N.C.W.C.) News Service.) Amsterdam.—One hundred-and-twenly priests and religious have been arrested in Germany in connection with the recent invasion of convents and monasteries there, says the Catholic weekly Der Deutsche Weg, published in Oidenzaal near here. Twenty-one religious congregations were affected by the measures of the police. A l l files were confiscated, even personal letters referring to strictly private affairs of the Orders concerned. Laywers were not permitted to visit those arrested. In various instances even the breviaries were taken away from the priests, and the rosaries from the nuns. The searching in the monastery of the Missionary Fathers of the Sacred Heart in Hiltrup, near Muenster, Westphalia, went on for three days. The Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart in the same town were submitted to the same ordeal for four days. In the former instance 200,000 German Marks (about $80,000) in cash was confiscated while in the latter case all the properties of the nuns were attached for the protection of future claims of the State." The paper says that it has received reliable information to the effect that none of those arrested is reponsible for the infractions of the law of which they are accused without being able of presenting their case. The paper charges the measures adopted by the police are primarily intended to discredit the religious Order in Germany in the public eye.





The Maasbode, Catholic daily of Rotterdam, reports from Bocholt, Westphalia, that a meeting of a Catholic theatrical group there was violently interrupted by a group of Nazi storm troopers who broke up the meeting, beat many of those present and left 30 injured Catholics behind. The German press was not permitted to make any mention of this assault. Amsterdam.—At least 120 religious are now under arrest in Germany in connection with the recent invasions of monasteries there, accordins: to a reliable report reaching the newspaper Tijd, Catholic daily here. The paper says that it is in a position to give the names of all those arrested. It asserts that the priests and nuns could not avoid violation of the strict German currency laws since the Berlin authorities refused to give them permission to make essential payments on loans contracted abroad. Thousands of Catholics, most of them of limited means, had subscribed to the loans, the paper said, and the German religious foundations felt it would have been wrong to deprive them of the payments comin-T to them. A l l their representations to the German authorities were of no avail, although private industrial corporations in Germany are constantly permitted to redeem their loans abroad. Further reports state that the arrests continue.

NOTED ROME JOURNALIST HONOURED B Y POPE PIUS. Vatican City.—His Holiness Pope Pius X I has conferred upon Conte Torre, director of Giuseppe Delia L'Osservatore Romano. Vatican City daily, the Pian Order with rank of commander, in recognition of his work for the advancement of the Catholic Press. (N.C.W.C.)

* * * * * 180-YEAR-OLD CHURCH WHICH S U R V I V E D PERSECUTION IS TO B E R E P L A C E D . London.—The days of religious persecution are recalled by the announcement by the Most Rev. George Bennett, Bishop of Berdeen, Scotland, that the little 180 year-old church in the Enzie district is to be abandoned and replaced by a more suitable building.


To avoid the attentions of persecutors the old church was disguised as a barn. Even today there is no religious emblem on the exterior. The walls were made of a mixture of clay and rough stones from the fields. Nevertheless they have stood for 180 years, though the roof is now becoming dangerous. The Enzie district has been a Catholic stronghold for 230 years. Between the years 1706 to 1862, the most troubled period, the district gave no fewer than nine Bishops to the Church in Scotland. (N.C.W.C.)

STUDENTS DISTRIBUTE CATHOLIC P A P E R S TO REDS DURING M A Y D A Y PROCESSION. Chicago.—A practical example of Catholic youth action was demonstrated here on May 1 when Cisca, Catholic student organization, distributed 2,000 copies of The Catholic Worker along the route of the Communist M a y day Procession here. The copies were provided largely through the generosity of girls' schools.

NOTED CATHOLIC ARTIST DIES ON SCOTLAND TOUR. London.—Fred A . Farrel!, war-time artist for the city of Glasgow, has died after a brief illness while on a tour in Scotland. Mr. Farrell contributed to many newspapers and magazines, most frequently to the Universe, Catholic newspaper here. Glasgow city authorities sent him to the French front during the war for pictures now hung in public galleries. Several of his works have been exhibited in the Roval Academy. (N.C.W.C.) *



Starting with the parade when it reached Randolph Street and following it into the Grand Park meeting afterwards the Cisca members distributed the copies of The Catholic Worker and The New W orld to the marchers and to the observers along the way. (N.C.W.C.) r




New York.—Social action without religion was deplored in an address by Dr. Lynn Harold Hough, dean of Drew Theological Seminary, at the opening session of the New York Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church here.

Vienna.—The Most Rev. Ferdinand Pawlikowski, Bishop of Graz, in a pastoral devoted to the duties of Catholics with respect to the Catholic Press, has warned the faithful against the evils of reading what he terms "poisonous" journals and calls attention to certain dangers that lurk in a press that is indifferent to the religious viewpoint and which, in its attempts to please atheists, pantheists and Christians, creates moral confusion in the minds of readers. ? Catholics, Bishop Pawlikowski reminds his people, should read, propagate and support the Catholic Press and, as he specifically mentions, this supnort includes advertising, personal notices and printing jobs. (N.C.W.C.)

Tendencies toward Utopian social orders devoid of religion were criticized by Dr. Hough, because, he said, " it is not our business to surrender the splendor of the Christian church to any social dream/' " The teachings of K a r l Marx,' he said, " are a perftct example of social action without God. Under his philosophy you can tell any lie or commit any crime to further a cause. The very process by which communism seeks to bring about order is perfect debauchery." (N.C.W.C.)


London.—Following the example of a group of New York Catholics, students of the Catholic Workers' College, Oxford, are to publish a paper called the Catholic Worker, to set forth the teaching of the Popes on social questions and counteract Communist doctrines. The first issue a^-pea.'ed yesterday. The editor is a Manchester dock worker, John Ford.

A L F R E D E . SMITH JOINS IN JEWISH AID A P P E A L . New York.—Former Governor Alfred E . Smith heads a group of outstanding persons urging Americans to aid the United Jewish appeal in its effort to raise $3,250,000 .in this country for the purpose of relieving and rehabilitating Jews in Germany and eastern Europe. Mr. Smith, in his message, said that ' the fate of the German Jews under the Hitler tvranny has aroused the indignation of the world.*' " Its conseouenees, however," he added, " must glso stir the pity of the world for those sufferers wdiose whole livelihood has been destroyed. I hope that the present appeal will find the most generous response (N.C.W.C.) ;

Brussels.—Five hundred Belgian University students took part in a Mission ary Congress at Louvain A p r i l 13 to 15. His Eminence Cardinal Van Roey. Archbishop of Malines, was Patron M. Rubbens. Minister for the Colonies, attended the Congress, and K i n g Leopold sent a representative. Among th-» speakers were M r . Kubota, secretary of the Japanese Embassy, and M r . L i n Chi Han, secretarv of the Chinese Legation. (Fides. >





In Meppen, Rhineland, a- monument is to be erected by Catholics to the memory of Ludwig Windthorst, great leader of German Catholics.

Istanbul.—The Most Rev. Angelo Rcncalli, Apostolic Delegate to Turkev and Greece, has issued his first pastoral in the Turkish language. This official use, for the first time, of the national language by a foreign religious authority has made a very favourable impression in Turkish circles. (N.C.W.C.) Rome.—Twenty radio stations in Europe, America, Africa. Australia. India and Japan will re-broadcast a special missionary programme which will be transmitted from the headouarters of the Catholic Radio of Holland (Katolieke Radio Omroep) at Phohi. Holland, June 23. The broadcast will include an address by His Eminence Cardinal Fumasoni-Biondi, Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Propaganda Fide. (Fides.) !

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SUPERIOR OF M A R Y K N O L L MISSIONARIES CONFIRMS CAPTURE OF F R . H . BUSH BY BANDITS IN KITANGTUNG. N E W Y O R K . — A telegram from the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Francis X . Ford, superior of the American Maryknoll Missionaries in the Prefecture of Kaying, South China, confirms the report that Rev. Henry Bush is being held by bandits in northeastern Kwangtung Province near the borders of Kiangsi and Fukien. The Commanders of all military posts •n the region have received orders from the Government to search for the priest. Father Bush's home is in Medford, Massachusetts. He has been in China since August 1933. (Fides) (See page 11).

SONS OF M A R T Y R S ORDAINED. An interesting event occurred recently in Venice.—This was the ordination to the priesthood of a group of young Armenians, sons $800,000 H A V E B E E N SENT TO of martyrs. The three young men INDIAN MISSIONS B Y MAR- had come to Venice from Rome, QUETTE L E A G U E . where they had completed their These Last Ten Years. studies in philosophy and theology. New York.—The Marquette League The first was Father Ignazio has sent the sum of $800,000 t<> the Vartabed Atamian, son of martyrs, Indian missions in the course of the whose parents and brothers were past 10 years, it was disclosed in a massacred in hatred of the Faith report made to the annual meeting of by the Mussulmans at Sebaste, in the organization's directors here last Armenia, in 1914. He alone, with Friday. a little sister, survived in the midst of the greatest sufferings The report was made by the treasurer, The second of the Victor F . Ridder, and showed that in and privations. the fiscal year ending on A p r i l 30, this young men was Father Atanasio year, the League had sent directly to the Vartaber Kessagian, whose father missions in the American northwest and was massacred in hatred of the southwest and in Alaska $40,000 from Faith, and whose mother has been its ordinary receipts for the support of priests. Sisters, catechists and children living in Paris, waiting eagerly for in Indian mission schools. the ordination of her beloved son. an event that will do much to asIt was pointed out that while this amount was the lowest sent by the suage her sorrow over the tragic League in any year of the depression, death of her husband. The third it could be considered creditable since is Father Mesrob Gianascina, 1934 generally was an unfavourable whose parents are living at Istanyear for mission aid organizations. Judge Alfretd J . Tailley, the presi- bul, and whose relatives were also dent of the League, presided at the martyred for the Faith with the meeting. (N.C.W.C.) others. (THE ROCK, May 1935).


M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , S A T U R D A Y , 22nd J U N E , 1935.

Mission Fields Abroad ASIA. TWO BUDDHIST PRIESTS A N D NUN C O N V E R T E D B Y M A R Y K N O L L MISSIONER. r ushun, Manchukuo.—At Tunghua, a station of the Maryknoll Fushun mission field in southwestern Manchukuo, the Rev. Sylvio Gilbert, M . M . , of Webster, Mass., in the past year has registered the conversion of two Buddhist priests and one Buddhist nun. Such conversions are extremely rare, and are powerful means of attracting other pagans to the Catholic Church. The Buddhist nun had spent a quarter of a century in a pagan monastery. She had entered at the age of 20, after she had been left a widow. During all these years she had worn a religious garb peculiar to her particular sect, had her hair completely shaved, and had abstained from all meats, fish, eggs, and green vegetables. When questioned she said that her reason for not eating meat was because the belief was that for every four ounces of meat that a Buddhist eats on earth, he will have to pay a. pound of his own flesh in the next world. She wore a religious garb similar to that of a man because it is believed that after death a virtuous Buddhist nun will have the happiness cf being transformed into a man. Her abstention from all green vegetables and so forth was an act of penance. This pagan nun chanced to visit a former co-religionist at Tunghua who had become a catechumen and who was the wnfe of one of the converted Buddhist priests. In this home she learned of the Catholic Religion and one day met Father Gilbert. From that time on her interest in the Catholic Faith increased, and she finally decided to live at the Catholic Convent with the native Sisters. She laid aside her religious garb and for the first time in 25 years began to eat meat and green vegetables. Recently word came that her seventyyear-old mother was dying. She would have to travel a lone way to her mother's heme, so Father Gilbert decided not to postpone further her Baptism. Now the one desire of the former Buddhist nun is to have the happiness of converting and baptizing her aged mother. (N.C.W.C.)

FIRST CATHOLIC ACTION W E E K HELD IN KAYING. (KUANGTUNG.) Meihsien, Kwangtung.—Some 60 delegates from the various parishes besides a dozen students of the Catechist School and a catechist guest from the neighbouring mission of the German Dominican Fathers attended the Catholic Action Week which was held here auring the week from May 5 to 12. The first venture of the kind ever undertaken in the Kaying Prefecture, it proved eminently satisfactory, surpassing, in fact, the expectations of all who assisted whether in an active or passive capacity. One evidence is the spirit of enthusiastic enterprise animating the delegates atter the completion of the course, who are ail eager to serve the Church in a practical way and eager to begin without delay. The Week's programme commenced with a full three-day Retreat preached by Father Marcus Chai. This was followed by a series of conferences o:-. Catholic Action during each day, followed by a general discussion of practical topics each night. Besides the Director, Father Chai, Mgr. Francis X . Ford, M . M . , Prefect Apostolic of Kaying. four other native and foreign priests, and several laymen joined in giving talks and lectures. Besides being the first Catholic Action Conference to be held in the Prefecture, the occasion marked the first time that delegates from all the nine districts of the Kaying Mission ever came together for general deliberations and an exchange of views. (Lumen.)

MORE STUDENTS IN T H E R E G I O N A L SEMINARY A T A B E R D E E N HONGKONG. Hong Kong.—The regional major seminary for the extreme southern Provinces of China, which is located at Aberdeen on the south shore of Hong Kong island, has this year a roster of

16 students of theology and 45 of philosophy. Two years ago the respective numbers were 6 and 24. Both in 1933 and 1934 two seminarists were sent to Rome to continue their ecclesiastical studies in the Urban College of Propaganda. The Hong Kong Regional Seminary was established in operation in 1931. In 1934 the first group to issue from the new seminary comprised five priests. This year one priest has been ordained. The seminary is conducted by Irish Jesuit Fathers, its Superior being Father Thomas Cooney. (Lumen.)

F A T H E R J A M E S TCHANG DIES IN MONGOLIA A T T H E A G E OF EIGHTY. Brussels, May 6.—The life of the Rev. James Tchang, who has just died in Mongolia at the age of 80 and in the fcrty-sixth year of his priesthood, is like a living history of the apostolate of the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary in Mongolia. This Belgian missionary Order, better known as the Scheut Fathers, was founded in 1851. only a few years before the birth of Father Tchang. When Father Tchang was a boy, a missionary visited only twice a year the villages which now compose six V i cariates Apostolic and where there are 160,000 Catholics. A t that time there were only 7,000 Catholics in that whole section of China and only six priests to serve them. In his youth, Father Tchang was a precursor of the Catholic Evidence Guild. He spent seven years lecturing in pagan villages, wherever people gathered, explaining the Catholic religion, refuting objections. Later he began to publish apologetics such as he had preached and throughout the remainder of his life he had a great zeal for the apostolate of the press. In 1924, Father Tenant's superiors sent him as a delegate to the Council of Shanghai. He was selected by the Most Rev. Celso Costantini, first Apostolic Delegate to China, to translate his correspondence into Chinese. Father Tchan.g was distinguished in many ways and received various honours, but nothing meant more to him than the esteem and affection of his people.

On His Journey to Peiping Eishop Buddenbrock of Kansu has Two ThriUs in One Day. Peiping.—Worse than being held up and robbed is to be twice he'ld up and twice robbed. A n d when two such adventures occur on the same day, the victim might well feel highly honoured in being singled out for so much attention and such rare distinction. Just such an experience came to H . E . the Most Rev. Theodore Buddenbrock, S.V.D.. Vicar Apostolic of Lanchow, Kansu, recently, while making a seven-day trip by auto and train from his distant mission to Peiping. The little he salvaged after iiis first encounter with a band of highwaymen one Sunday morning wa> mostly missing after the careful scrutiny to which a second group subjected him the same evening. But blessed are the poor. The bandits didn't get so much after all for the simple reason that there wasn't much to be gotten. And since life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness remained, the victim not only felt lighter and freeer but had reason to consider himself fortunate as weil. For the first time after thirty years in China, Bishop Buddenbrock saw Peiping. He spent a few days with his confreres at the Catholic University here and then left for Shantung to attend the golden sacerdotal jubilee of Bishop Augustine Henninghaus, S.V.D., vicar Apostolic of Yenchowfu, which occured May 30. Meanwhile he also visited the scenes of his early missionary labours and renewed the acquaintances of former years. Bishop Buddenbrock became Vicar Apostolic of Lanchow Nov. 25, 1924 He was consecrated bishop at Yenchowfu, Shantung, by the former Apostolic Delegate to China, Archbishop Celso Costantini. A t the time of the stupendous earthquake in Kansu SDme yea-s ago. Bishop Budden-happened to be saying Mass and escaped by only a few inches being buried under one of the collapsing walls of the church. One of the Sisters and a number of others were killed. (Lumen).


MOST REV. A . HENNINGHAUS S.V.D., VICAR APOSTOLIC OF YENCHOW CELEBRATES GOLDEN J U B I L E E C F HIS ORDINATION. Tsingtao (Shantung, C h i n a ) . — T h e Most Rev. Augustine Henninghaus, S.V.D., Vicar Apostolic of Yeachow, £ha'"bRg Province, the Golden Jubilee of his ordination May 30. He received an autographed letter o: good wishes from His Holiness Pope Pius X I . Bishop Henninghaus, one of the most outstanding missionary leaders of the Church in China, was born in Paderborn, Germany, in 1862. He was orduined in 1885 and went to China the following year. He began his missionary life in southern Shantung where at that time there were 14 priests, 631 Catholics a n l 2,150 new converts preparing for Baptism. This same region to-day is divided into four ecclesiastical territories and has 144 priests, of whom 39 are Chinese, trained by Bishop Henninghaus and his missionaries, 138,967 Catholics and 31,356 catechumens. He saw one of his dearest hopes realized in 1933 when the Holy See entrusted the Prefecture of Yanku to the Chinese secular clergy: this is the region in which he began his apostolic labours. In 1932, on the ocassion of the 50th anniversary of the foundation of the mission of Yenchow fu, the Holy Father honoured Bishop Henninghaus by naming him an Assistant at the Papal Throne. (Fides). r





Sanatorium Established in Peng Yang (Corea) By A Young Missionary for Destitute People.

Peng Yang, Korea.—In Peng Yang, chief city of the Maryknoll missionHield in Korea, the work being done by a young American priest for the poor, sick, insane, and aged of the city is developing rapidly. This young Maryknoll missioner is the Rev. Leo Steinbach, M . M . , of Chariton, la. His destitute patients are both Japanese and Korean. He calls his new work "Kattoriku Ryoyosho," or "Catholic Sanatorium." A Japanese woman, who is a descendant of the early Christian martyrs of Nagasaki, has offered her services as a nurse, without salary. Another volunteer worker is a Japanese man who was baptized about 30 years ago, but who for a time was living away from the Church. He is now a daily communicant, and in order to do penance is labouring in behalf of Father Steinbach's sick. A recent incident won much favourable notice for the Catholic Mission from the general public. Father Steinbach was informed that a blind beggar had fallen in the streets. He and the Japanese man mentioned above set out at once for the spot. As the blind man was unable to walk, they returned to the mission and made an improvised stretcher by placing a board on a six foot ladder. Many observed the foreigner and his helper carrying a ladder down the middle of the street, so a large crowd gathered. The blind man was still in the centre of the street, covered with mud from head to feet, and his hands bleeding. He was lifted onto the stretcher and Father Steinbach was about to return to the mission when a Japanese university student and another Japanese man insisted that they would not permit the priest to carry one end of the stretcher. So the missioner walked alongside, preventing the blind man from falling off. A great crowd of keenly interested and sympathetic non-Christians -followed the strange procession to the Catholic mission. (N.C.W.C.)

Prominent Member of Labour Party in the Southern Rhodesia Legislative Assembly Pays a 'Tribute to the Educational Work oi the Catholic Church.

Salisbury (Southern Rhodesia, Africa) —During a debate on free education in the Southern Rhodesia Legislative Assembly April 16, Mr. L . Keller, a prominent member of the Labour Party, paid a tribute to the educational work of the Catholic Church. He said that a debt of thanks was owed to the priests and sisters because they were the pioneers of the Colony's educational development. Rhodesia owes a profound debt of gratitude to those seifless and high minded people who for nearly half a century have made the education of the children of the country their especial care," he said. "I refer in particular to the devoted Fathers and Sisters of the Catholic Church, and I think that it should go on record from this House that the country desires to acknowledge its deep debt of gratitude to those who from the earliest days have sought to establish a people of high character in this country. We are ail the more grateful. Sir, because we know that their work was undertaken at a time when Rhodesia itself was a toddling baby, and when our little people themselves were not able to command the resources to go forwar;. with an adequa'e scheme of education. There are many men in t h s terri ory who owe their success in life to the work and influence of those Fathers a n l Sisters, and I think, now that we are entering upon this new phase of educational progress in this country, th"s House on behalf of the people ,of the Colony, should r e o r d our warmest gratitude to those who have done so much for the upbringing of the children of Rhodesia, and who have done so much for the cause of suffering a n l unfortunate humanity in the most distessful period in the history of th s country. Their work has indeed been monumen al and the Colony's thanks are due to them." "I wanted to make that statement before concluding, Sir, because I feel that some appreciation is due to t'.iose who have been the actual pioneers of outeducational development." The Vicariate oi Salisbury, in Southern Rhodesia, is staffed by the English Province of the Soc'ety of Jesus. The missionaries are assisted by Dominican Sisters of Salisbury, Sisters of the Precious Blood of Aarle-Rixtei, Holland, and a congregation of Native Sisters. (Fides). * * * * N E W S IN B R I E F . u


Iganga (Ugandi, B r i t s h Africa).— Tv.enty-three lepers were confirmed at the Euluba Leper Settlement. Uganda, April 29 by Bishop John W . Campling, Vicar Apostolic oF" Upper Ni'e. The lepers of the settlement are under the care of Franciscan M s s ' o n a i y Sisters from England, and Rev. F . Wright, of the Mill Hiil Fathers, is Chaplain. (Fides). Peking.—Sister Mary Eligjusza, 25, year-old religious of the Franciscan Missionaries of Mary, died at Taiyuanfu, Shansi Province, April 17 from an attack of typhus. She came to China four months ago. (Fides.) Madras (India).—A new temple car, 22 ft. high, which took ten years to build and cost 20.000 rupees, crashed to the ground in Madras May 16 when it wa< brought out in public for the first time. Thinking that they had provoked the wrath of the gods two Brahmin priests jumped from their places on the car. and thousands of devotees gathered at the temple festival fled in all directions. (Fides.)


Name Present Address Previous Address Serial Number







Chips and Chops from Everywhere. A N N U A L G E N E R A L MEETING OF TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION. The Singapore Teachers' Association held its Annual General Meeting, with the Inspector of Schools in the chair, at Raffles Institution on Saturday last at 4 p.m. Among the Headmasters present were Rev. Bro. V. Angustus of St. Joseph's Institution and Mr. P. A. D'Costa of the Holy Innocents' English School. Office bearers elected for the ensuing year resulted in Rev. Bro. Angustus and the D'Costa continuing as Vice Presidents along with 5 other heads of schools. Messrs. H . P. Woodford and G. A. Machado and Mrs. Rodyk are newly elected members of the General Committee and Mr. Tay Kheng Hock is the new Treasurer. A group photograph was taken after the meeting and then all assembled adjourned for Tea to the Raffles Institution's Annexe. The Dramatic Section later on presented a comedy called "Tlie Dear Departed." In the cast were Messrs. C. R. Eber (as Henry Slater), and Mr. P. F . Aroozoo (as Stage Manager). The Orchestra of the Teachers' Association rendered a suitable and pleasant programme of music. At the piano was Miss K. Shepherdson. Among the violinists were Messrs. Phang Ah Fatt; J . C. Ryan; Teo Kim Song and G. V. Santhou. Mr. P. F. Aroozoo is the Honorary Secretary of the Dramatic Section. FR. COSGRAVE C.SS.R. M A D E SUPERIOR A T BACLARAN RIZAL. Very Reverend Father Frank Cosgrave, C.SS.R. whom every Catholic in Malaya will not easily forget because he endeared himself so very truly to all _ during the six months of retreats he and Father Taylor preached last year, has been appointed superior of the Redemptorist Monastery, Baclaran Rizal, out side Manila, Phillipine Islands. Writing to a friend recently Father Cosgrave declares that he often speaks of the happy times he had in Malaya. Both he and Father Taylor have been kept pretty busy since their departure from these parts. "Almighty God," he says, "is blessing our missions here with great results. Next year in preparation for the congress we expect to be kept much busier even than now." Every reader of the M.C.L. will surely join with us in wishing Fathers. Cosgrave and Taylor a very long life and the greatest of success.

This Chapel is usually crowded at all services on Sundays and Holydays and will soon require a parish priest of its own. To this idea His Lordship is very sympathetically inclined. MR. C. V. REUTENS ENTERTAINS CONFRERES. Mr. C. V. Reutens, entertained his fellow teachers of St. Joseph's Institution and St. Patrick's School, Singapore, to dinner at Pasir Panjang on Saturday night, to mark his very recent appointment to the super scale. Almost all members of the combined staffs turned up and a most enjoyable time was spent. Mr. F. Sobrielo as the senior pedagogue present delivered an appropriate speech, and the host replied appropriately. The excellent fellowship that exists among the teachers of the two Singapore Brothers' school has often been commented upon and envied by outsiders.

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TWO CATECHISTS SECURE 4,000 CONVERTS. MAKES RAPID STRIDES A T PALEMBANG. Remarkable is the story of the preachPalembang, on the S.E. coast of Suma- ing of the Faith on Valley Island, Honotra is encompassed and pierced by water- lulu. Two Catechists, Helio and Pekelo ways like Venice. But Palembang has Mahae, made 4,000 converts before a an audacity that Venice lacks, for the single priest set foot in this part of buildings of the Eastern city float on Hawaii. Not long ago, the Mother rafts without any foundations. Until very church of the Island at Lahaina celerecently there were no Catholic Mis- brated the diamond jubilee of its founsioners in Sumatra. Now of those who dation in 1858. scurry in their curving crafts here, 360,000 are Catholics with almost 2,000 religious ministering to their spiritual MR. JAMES O'NEILL T O SUCCEED needs. MR. RICHBERG. It is authoritatively announced that President Roosevelt has selected Mr. MEXICO PAST A N D PRESENT. James O'Neill, one of the vice presidents To those who know the real Mexico, of the Guaranty Trust Co. of New York, it is simplicity, charm and beauty. Its as head of the N.R.A. in succession to attractive qualities are not only linked Mr. Richberg who resigned. un with the Catholic Church but it owes them, one and all, to the Mother whose children always possess that singular warmth which she imparts to them from KING'S MESSAGE OF THANKS the master Himself. This warmth is a TO HOLY FATHER. contrast to the cold calculating cruelty His Majesty the King sent the followof those emissaries of the devil at large in Mexico to-day. who are not content ing telegram in reply to the Holy with being tainted themselves, but who Father's Jubilee message of congratulaare set on robbine others of their pre- tion; "The Queen and I are deeply touchcious heritage of Faith. To minister to ed by the extreme kindliness with which 15.000.000 people, more than 90 per cent your Holiness has expressed yourself of whom are born into the church, but towards us on the Silver Jubilee of my 300 priests are allowed by law. Yet. n accession, and we thank you wholethe Mexican army alone, there are 360 heartedly for your prayers and good, wishes.—George R." generals. CHURCH

CHURCH'S PROGRESS IN PACIFIC UGLY ANTI-CATHOLIC SPIRIT IN FATWFRS FOX. CASEY. AND C U M ISLANDS. EDINBURGH. MINGS E N ROUTE TO IRELAND. In the Islands of the Pacific, evangeThreats from Anti-Catholics in EdinThere passed through Singapore after lised in 1827, there are about 145 thoua short stay of six days Rev. Fathers sand Catholics out of a population of burgh led the authorities to enrol night Fox, Casey and Cummings, Redempto- over two millions. The difficulties are guards to protect St. Mary's Cathedral rists, from the Phillipines en route to numerous. Chief obstacles have been and St. Patrick's church. A charge of Ireland. They remained at St. Patricks- tribal divisions, a variety of strange gunpowder exploded outside the cathedby-the-Sea where hospitality is prover- languages, hazards of a Sea that can be ral, but an intervening wall prevented bial. Father Fox preached at the High crossed by only native craft, and the damage, though windows in adjoining mass at the Cathedral of the Good savagery of some of the people who buildings were shattered. St. Patrick's church was guarded every night since Shepherd last Sunday, while Father were recently real cannibals. the Anti-Catholic disturbances during Casey performed a similar act of grace recent Catholic Young Men's society conat the Katong Chapel and assisted our Bishop during confirmation. Father ference. Police protection was granted. Cummings was not well enough to ren- PROTESTANT PASTOR RETURNS der any service however. WITH ' F L E A IN HIS EAR' FROM SOVIET RUSSIA. AN IMPOSING F U N E R A L CEREThe Rev. John Haynes Holmes, a New York Protestant Pastor, affected a great MONY FOR MARSHAL PILSUDSKI. REDEMPTORIST FATHER TO Warshaw, Poland's capital, was transadmiration for the Soviet government. P R E A C H RETREATS HERE? A Redemptorist Father will be coming Unfortunately for his communistic en- formed into an open-air Cathedral when to Malaya from Manila in August for thusiasm he went to Russia. He return- the remains of Marshal Pilsudski were Retreats. In all probability he will be ed a wiser and sadder man. In fact, to transferred tq St. John's Cathedral. judge from his remarks, he returns Rev. Father Gallagher C.SS.R. More than 200,000 people lined the "mad." For he says," the tyranny of 2 mile route from palace to church. * * * * Soviet Russia seems to be getting worse. Bells tolled throughout the city. HIS LORDSHIP BISHOP DEVALS Monstrous things are being done. The Cardinal Kakowski, Archbishop of OFFICIATES A T CONFIRMATION Stalin massacre was as ghastly as anything that our bloody age has known." Wlarsaw, offered the Requiem mass. SERVICE A T KATONG CHAPEL. The Marshal's body was then taken to Confirmation at the Katong Chapel * * * * the Mokotow field. The voffin was was given to girls and boys, pupils of placed on the spot from which he used ARCHBISHOP HANNA RETIRES. the Katong Convent and St. Patrick's to take the salute. school on Sunday last at the Second The most Rev. Edward J . Hanna. mass. Bishop Devals confirmed the Archbishop of San Francisco, has retired candidates and then said mass assisted from the Archdiocese which he has so by Rev. N. Maury, the acting Vicar of ably governed since 1915. His Coadjutor, FR. RONALD KNOX—SCHOLAR AND the Cathedral of tho Good Shephered. now becomes the Ordinary. Archbishop AUTHOR. Rev. Brother Stephen and Sister St. Hanna is 75 years old. The readers of the Sunday Tribune Theodra; respective heads of the above may not have heard of Father Ronald mentioned schools had charge of the Knox mentioned by H. L. Hopkin in his candidates. Benediction of the Blessed 'Strictly Between Ourselves" appearing ST. MARY'S HOSPITAL TOKYO. Sacrament by His Lordship followed the in last Sunday's issup. Father Knox is mass. The choir under the direction of In Tokyo there is a splendid Catholic a convert to the church and is certainly Mr. T. de Souza and with Messrs. F. R. Hospital, called St. Mary's, staffed and one of the finest writers of the day. He Martens and C. Mosbergen at the har- directed by the Franciscan Missionaries is Chaplain to the Catholics in Oxford monium and Mr. J . Nonis, violin, ren- of Mary and possessed of well-equipped University—his old college and is an dered very creditable service. operating room. M.A. (Oxon).

IN JERUSALEM NO PROTEST WAS MADE BY THE JEWS AGAINST THE CATHOLIC PROCESSION ON PALM SUNDAY. By Dr. Alexander Mombelli. (Jerusalem Correspondent. N.C.W.C. News Service). Jerusalem.—A statement in the Arab Times that a Jewish protest had been presented against the Catholic procession on Palm Sunday from Bethfage, on the Mount of Olives, to the Church of St. Anne, Jerusalem, because it infringed the status quo of the Holy Places has been proved without any foundation. An official assurance from the Jewish Agency that such a charge is untrue has been given in reply to a letter from the Latin Patriarch. In his reply, Mr. Shertok wrote on behalf of the Jewish Agency: " I made inquiries from the local Jewish bodies, and am now in position definitely to deny the allegation that any protest has been presented on the part of the Jews against the Catholic procession."

GERMAN THOROUGHNESS. A good example of German thoroughness is to be found in tne big exhibition in Berlin called "The Wonder of Life," which is described in an article in Nature, April 20 last. The purpose to explain biology from the Nazi point of view. The individual as part of the State receives, in return for the loyalty due from him, "more protection and the immediate promise of a happier and a healthier life, secured through education, eugenic legislation and social assistance by the State." All this is illustrated by an exhibition of " wonderful freshness and technical excellence" in which with every device of modern science the processes of life, individual and social, are shown in action before the eyes of the beholder. The article in Nature, describes many of these really remarkable exhibits. Also the exhibition foreshadows still further developments in "eugenic" legislation, following upon the, sterilisation law, and continues, with every device scientific imagination can provide, the antiSemitic campaign. Obviously, granting the scientific validity of the exhibits—which may or may not be in each case established— there is a fallacy. It requires no remote search to find it.



MR. G. P. B R A D N E Y





Mr. G. P. Bradney, Auditor, S.S. & adjoining school room as the enthusiasm F.M.S., was entertained to tea at the of the school boys on the football field St. John's Institution, Kuala Lumpur by knew no bounds and a more or less conthe Catholics of the St. John's parish on stant uproar drowned M r . Bradney's Thursday the 6th June, 1935 on the eve speech. of his departure to England on retireNO CLAIM. ment. Mrs. Bradney was unavoidably In thanking his hosts, M r . Bradney absent and among the guests present remarked that he had no cause or claim including the Catholic clergy, nuns from on their good-feeling. The Catholics the convent and brothers from the Bro- owed a great debt of gratitude to the thers School were Mr. & Mrs. P. H. For- priests who had been in Kuala Lumpur. bes and Mr. L. G. Corney. Mr. Bradney He had always felt a very strong symis a staunch Catholic and was the very pathy and one felt this the more because first to have joined the Catholic Action the Catholics were a small minority in Society when it was formed. The So- the European community. Although ciety will be the poorer by the absence they were more or less small in numbers of such a strong and active member. they had many distinguished Catholic Dr. L. S. Perera, who was chairman names such as Sir Hugh Clifford, Sir of the function, in wishing Mr. Bradney E. L. Brockman, R. G. Watson Esq., good-bye, said: "The other day when I O. F . G. Stonor Esq., etc., to show that was reading the Malay Mail I came they had done their part in the country. across a fine little passage: *I only hope He referred to the splendid singing of that England will continue to send out the choir. Dr. Perera had said so many here men who will realise how great is flattering things about him. Such a lot the good feeling amongst their Asiatic had been said about him during the week colleagues and how easy it is to run the that it had led Mrs. Bradney to remark: Empire if you behave like a gentle- "I'd like to see more of these good man.' " qualities at home. I have not been able "Here is the gentleman," added Dr. to discover any of them." He thanked them all for the honour Perera, pointing to Mr. Bradney. "It is with mingled feelings of regret and joy they had done him. that I am speaking this evening. RegSeveral group photographs were then ret, of course, because we are losing taken, after which the function was from our midst a sincere gentleman; and brought to a close. joy because he is going to his homeland to enjoy a well earned retirement. P L A Y E D CARDS WELL. NORDIC PAGANISM IS "Our worthy guest has played his DENOUNCED BY GERMAN cards well in the game of life. As a servant in His Majesty's service he has CARDINAL. fulfilled his duties to king and country most exceptionally. As superior to his subordinates he has shewn kindness and Pastoral Terms Racial Creed sympathy and I would like to read to Calumny of Religion—Nazi you a little passage that was spoken about him by one of his subordinates: Leaders' Charges Refuted—News'Our chief, fearless of men but fearful of papers Seized. God, has made the audit department respected and admired even by our adver(Special Correspondence, N.C.W.C. News saries. Himself a conscientious worker, Service). with a great driving power, he expects Amsterdam, May 1.—"Never before the same degree of efficiency from others and is very mindful of the interests of have the religious struggles of the the men under him and very sympathetic German people developed such revolutionary forms as those which are now towards their aspirations in life.'" Continuing, D r . Perera said that these undermining all previous standard," says words were uttered from a very sincere His Eminence Adolf Cardinal Bertram, heart and ennobled the person to whom Archbishop of "Breslau, in a Pastoral they were addressed. Mr. Bradney had Letter on the occasion ot the closing of 34 years meritorious and unblemished the Holy Year. record. He was a man of religion of The Pastoral is introduced by the whom he would not like to say very quotation "Beware of false prophets, much because they, Catholics, knew more who come to you in che clothing jf about him. sheep." The Cardinal points out that RELIGIOUS DUTIES. a new Gospel of a "nordic Germanic " M r . Bradney has performed his re- religion" being preached in Germany ligious duties without any visible pomp would make morality depend on blood and pride and I think I will not be far and race allegiance of the various nawrong if I say that unlike Cardinal tions of the earth. "Christianity is Wolsey Mr. Bradney will be able to say: being declared as a product of the Asiatic *I have served my God faithfully as I Semitic race corrupting the German have served mv king and I am sure He will not forsake me in the time of my traditions," he said. "This is an unheard-of-calumny of Our Lord and of retirement!'" Socially he had been a perfect gentle- our religion.... This new paganism is man, continued Dr. Perera, who referring linked to the opposition to the confesto the inter-school match which was be- sional schools. It tries to lead up to a ing p ayed, described it "as a good omen national church, challenging openly the to that person who during his tim* has Catholic Church." Cardinal Bertram concludes by anshad an interest in soccer and been president of the league for a number of wering and refuting the recent attacks of the Hitler Youth leader, Baldur von years." He felt sure that those present would Schirach, who accused the clergy of endorse him when he said they wished having only their personal interests and that Almighty God would give M r . **nd profit in mind when upholding the right Mrs. Bradney long life and hapiness and of independence for the Catholic youth that thev hoped Mr. and Mrs. Bradney groups. would think of them when in England. PAGAN MEETING PERMITTED It was with considerable difficulty that The pagan "German Faith Movement" one was able to hear Mr. Bradney. It has been given permission by the Berlin seemed unfortunate that an adjournment police to hold a public mass meeting for the speech was not made to the

there while Catholics are not allowed to hold such gatherings outside of their own churches. In the Rhineland the Nazi governor there had ruled that religious discussions in church which could be construed as "attacks against Nazi principles" would be punishabb under the law. To this ruling the Archiepiscopal Ordinariat of Cologne has taken formal exception Dy pointing out in a public statement that the Concordat between the Holy See and Germany provides explicitly for the unreserved right of the clergy to explain the teachings of the church to their congregations. W hile officially proclaiming Christianity as the foundation of the State, the Nazis continue to apply all sorts of wanton restrictions against both Christian churches. The Easter number of the Katholische Kirchenblatt, diocesan organ of Berlin, was confiscated on the ground that a report of the trial of the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Wilhelm Leffers, of Rostock, who was sentenced to 18 months in jail because he had expressed opinions critical of Rosenberg, was "distorting the fac's." In reality the report simply gave an extended summary of the proceedings and showed how the court had disregarded all testimony in favour of Msgr. Leffers and paid attention only to the information furnished by three young college students, who tricked Msgr. Leffers into engaging in a discussion with them so they could deliver him up to the Nazi police. The true reason for the Confiscation of this particular issue of the Berlin Catholic organ probably was a contribution signed by the Rev. Melchior Grossek, of Berlin, dealing with the Catholic services in Berlin during Lent. Father Grossek was able to point out that six Lenten sermons were given in 25 Berlin churches during Passion Week, and that all the churches were crowded day after r



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The Official Medal of the Canonization cf Ss. John Fisher and Thomas More the work of a Roman Engraver, Mistruzzi. day. which meant an attendance of at least 30,000 persons on six consecutive evenings. This Father Grossek justly termed as a glorious victory of the Herlin Catholics. WEEKLY CONFISCATED The Munich police confiscated the Palm Sunday edition of the diocesan weekly there. No reason was given, but probably the text of Cardinal Faulhaber's recent sermon as published in that issue caused them to intervene. The Cardinal asked the faithful "to go the Way of the Cross with him silently." America, 118,000; Asia, 1,006,000; Africa, 1..°, 12,000, Oceania, 3,248,000. " Probably the closest estimates as to f^c numerical strength of Anglicanism," the article states, "are those in Whitaker's Almanac and the Churchman's Handbook, published bv the English Church Assembly, for the countries i n which the Church of England and the autonomous Anglican Churches of the P>~itsV> Commonwealth are at work, and the Living Church Annual for the countries in which the American Episcopal Church ministers." (N.C.W.C.) ;

ACCORDING TO " T H E LIVING CHURCH." An Episcopalian Weekly puts total of the Protestants who belong to the Church of England and to the American Episcopal Church at 37.096,000. Mifca:*kee.—A tabulation of the numerical strength of the Anglican communion, declared to be " probably the oniy existing estimate," is presented in the current number of The Living Church. Episcopalian weekly published here. The total for the Church of England and the American Episcopal Church is put at 37,096,000. Of this number 26,886,000 are in Europe, all but 8,000 being in the British Isles. The total for the United States is put at 1.074,000, and for Canada 1,636,000. Total for the five continents and Oceania are: Europe, 26,886,000; North and Central America, 4,526,000; South (Contd. at foot Col. 3)

M A L A Y A CATHOLIC L E A D E R , SATURDAY, 22nd J U N E , 1935.


AROUND SINGAPORE. CATHOLIC ACTION SOCIETY. T h e S o l e m n i t y of t h e F e a s t o f Corpus Christi will be c e l e b r a t e d a t t h e C a t h e dral of t h e Good S h e p h e r d o n S u n d a y n e x t , 23rd i n s t a n t . A t t h e e x p r e s s w i s h of H i s L o r d s h i p B i s h o p A. D e v a l s , t h e m e m b e r s of t h e S o c i e t y are a s k e d to k e e p W a t c h in t h e Church d u r i n g t h e e x p o s i t i o n o f t h e Blessed Sacrament. M e m b e r s a r e a s k e d to c a l l a t t h e S i n g a p o r e Catholic Club a f t e r t h e H i g h M a s s on S u n d a y n e x t to g i v e t h e i r n a m e s and t i m e w h e n t h e y w o u l d be w i l l i n g to u n d e r t a k e t h i s d u t y , a g r o u p of s i x or m o r e m e m b e r s t o t a k e t u r n s of a n hour's W a t e h b e t w e e n 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. M e m b e r s m a y do an additional hour's W a t c h , if d e s i r e d . I n t h e e v e n i n g , m e m b e r s are r e q u e s t e d t o f o r m a g u a r d of honour a n d j o i n in a s w i l l be a n n o u n c e d a t t h e H i g h M a s s t h e p r o c e s s i o n of t h e B l e s s e d S a c r a m e n t next Sunday. S i n g a p o r e , 19th J u n e , 1935. M. S. M o s b e r g e n , Honorary Secretary,

OBITUARY. DEATH OF MISS BEATRICE PHIPPS THE TRAGEDY OF A SAD ACCIDENT. T h e f u n e r a l of M i s s B e a t r i c e P h i p p s , w h o w a s a c c i d e n t a l l y killed in h e r h o m e in Sea Avenue, Katong, on last Thursday night, took place at the Bidadari c e m e tery on Saturday morning. The interm e n t w a s p r e c e d e d b y a choral s e r v i c e a t t h e C a t h e d r a l o f t h e Good s h e p h e r e d , largely attended by relatives and friends. Rev. F a t h e r N . M a u r y officiated. The nuns and school girls from the Convent of the Holy Infant Jesus were present. The parents of the deceased are Mr. and Mrs. Cyril P h i p p s . Much s y m p a t h y is f e l t f o r t h e b e r e a v e d f a m i l y a n d f o r Mr. C. V . D o r a l w h o a c c i d e n t a l l y c a u s e d t h e death of his favourite niece. S U D D E N D E A T H O F MR. J. L . S T U A R T . Mr. John L. Stuart, a n overseer e m p l o y e d in t h e W o r k s a n d B u i l d i n g s D e p a r t m e n t o f t h e R. A . F . S t a t i o n a t S e l e t a r c o l l a p s e d i n h i s q u a r t e r s on T h u r s d a y n i g h t a n d died. M r . S t u a r t w h o w a s 58 y e a r s old w a s preparing t o visit his f a m i l y in Shang h a i i n a b o u t a w e e k . H e did n o t a p p e a r to b e ill but h e e x p i r e d b e f o r e a n y a s s i s tance could b e g i v e n . Rev. Father Dubois conducted the funeral service. A l a r g e c r o w d of s y m p a t h i s e r s g a t h e r e d a t the Cemetery.

Mr. John Siow A h Thong. T h e m a n y friends of t h e l a t e Mr. J o h n Siow A h T h o n g will l e a r n w i t h d e e p r e g r e t of his d e a t h which took place in S i n g a p o r e on T h u r s d a y , t h e 13th J u n e . H e w a s educated a t St. P a u l ' s Institution, Seremban, where he w a s a p o p u l a r figure in s p o r t i n g circles. H e c a m e o u t t o Singapore a f t e r p a s s i n g t h e Senior C a m b r i d g e to f u r t h e r h i s s t u d i e s . O u r h e a r t f e l t sorrow go t o h i s p a r e n t s M r . a n d M r s . Siow Shin who w e r e p r e s e n t a t his funeral, F a t h e r R. Cardon officiating. R. I. P .


CATHOLIC BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION. I n c r e a s e d G r a n t F o r Old M e m b e r s Passed A t Meeting. T h e 19th A n n u a l General M e e t i n g of t h e m e m b e r s o f t h e Catholic B e n e v o l e n t A s s o c i a t i o n P e n a n g , w a s held on S u n d a y t h e 9 t h J u n e 1935 a t the P e n a n g R e c r e a t i o n Club. A S p e c i a l General M e e t i n g f o l l o w e d just after t h e Annual Meeting. The following who constituted the C o m m i t t e e e l e c t e d a t t h e last General M e e t i n g held o n t h e 2 7 t h M a y . 1 9 3 4 , w e r e re-elected en bloc for the ensuing y e a r s : P r e s i d e n t : D r . J. E . S m i t h ; H o n . S e c r e t a r y a n d T r e a s u r e r : Mr. A . A . Jeremiah: Members of Committee: M e s s r s . C. C. S t e w a r t . P. M. L a n g a n , E . C. D ' O r v i l l e . W . H . S c u l l y , M. D . B a s c r a n , D . T. P a s q u a l and V . L. B o n d v i l l e . T w o n e w r u l e s , p r o p o s e d b y Dr. S m i t h , s e c o n d e d b y M r . C. C. S t e w a r t a n d r e commended b y the Committee, were passed a t t h e m e e t i n g a n d confirmed a t t h e Special General M e e t i n g : —


( a ) A n y member m a y be a "Life Member" by paying ten years' s u b s c r i p t i o n in a d v a n c e , e x c l u s i v e of s u b s c r i p t i o n s already p a i d , only a f t e r h a v i n g had three years' membership. ( b ) A t all m e e t i n g s w h e n t h e P r e s i d e n t is a b s e n t a n y m e m b e r can b e v o t e d t o t h e c h a i r by t h o s e present. A t the meeting the resolution, which s t o o d in t h e n a m e of Mr. E . C. D'Orville a n d s e c o n d e d b y Mr. A . A . J e r e m i a h , t h a t t h e F u n e r a l G r a n t be i n c r e a s e d to $100 i n r e s p e c t of t h o s e w h o h a v e c o m p l e t e d 19 y e a r s ' m e m b e r s h i p of t h e A s s o c i a t i o n , w a s p a s s e d a n d confirmed a t t h e Special General Meeting which followed i m m e d i a t e l y a f t e r t h e A n n u a l Genera] Meeting. T h e m e e t i n g terminated with a vote of thanks to the chairman.






The funeral took place at 4 p.m. on J u n e 10th and w a s very largely attended. Rev. F r . Dias officiated. The d e a t h took place a t h e r residence a t K a m p o n g T e n g g a h , Malacca, of Miss M a r g a r e t de Costa, s i s t e r of Mr. M a r i a n n o de Costa of t h e Electric D e p a r t m e n t , sister-in-law of Mr. M. P . L a z a r o o of St. P a u l s ' Hill and eldest d a u g h t e r of Mr. & M r s . J o h n de Costa, on J u n e 11th a f t e r a long illness a t t h e a g e of 45. The funeral took place on J u n e 12th and w a s largerly a t t e n d e d . Rev. F r . Dias officiated.

BIRTHS. Castillo—at Penang, on Monday, June 3rd, t o M e r c y n e e L e s s l a r w i f e of Benedict Catillo a son George Lionel. God P a r e n t s , Mr. a n d M r s . S. J . L e s s l a r . OBITUARY. June 16th—Edwina Clarissa Lesslar, a g e d 3 , d a u g h t e r of E r w i n a n d C o n s t a n c e Lesslar. PERSONALIA. Mr. P . C. D i a s , H o n : Treasurer, Catholic Action Society, Assumption Church, Penang, was appointed a T r u s t e e , a n d Mr. H . L. C u t t e r a C o m m i t t e e m e m b e r of t h e S u b o r d i n a t e Civil Service Benefit Fund a t the Society's A n n u a l G e n e r a l M e e t i n g h e l d on 1 s t J u n e , 1935.





CATHOLIC LEPERS IN P U L A U JEREJAK, ( P E N A N G ) . T h e t e a c h e r s of S t . G e o r g e ' s S c h o o l , Balik Pulau, availed t h e m s e l v e s of an o p p o r t u n i t y o n S a t u r d a y , J u n e 8, t o visit t h e leper asylum in Pulau Jerejak, a s m a l l i s l a n d l y i n g a m i l e a w a y off t h e e a s t e r n shore* o f P e n a n g Islajid. A m o n g t h e leper population of nearly 1,000, t h e r e a r e o n l y a b o u t 8 0 C a t h o l i c s , mostly Chinese, who m e e t once a month f o r D i v i n e S e r v i c e a t t h e l o c a l Chapel d e d i c a t e d t o Our L a d y o f t h e H o l y Rosary. A Chinese catechist is stationed in t h e island to k e e p t h e lepers instructed in t h e Faith. The Chanel is placed under t h e Vicarage of t h e Church of O u r L a d y o f S o r r o w s , P e n a n g . I n t h e w a r d s , it w a s p o s s i b l e t o r e cognise some of the Catholics by the medals they were w e a r i n g and by their Rosaries and Prayer-books which t h e y placed on a table beside the beds. INDIAN




Rev. Fr. L. Riboud, vicar of the Church of St. Francis Xavier, P e n a n g , came t o Balik Pulau on June 11, and spent t w o days at t h e parochial house. His visit w a s arranged for the convenience of about 40 Indian Catholics— M e m b e r s of his flock.—who were enabled t o p e r f o r m t h e i r P a s c h a l D u t y without t h e n e c e s s i t y of journeying down from Balik Pulau.


T h e e n g a g e m e n t is a n n o u n c e d a n d t h e m a r r i a g e will t a k e place s h o r t l y between Miss F l o r a de W i t t , t h i r d d a u g h t e r of Mr. F . d e W i t t , J . P . and M r s . d e W i t t a n d C h a r l e s Gomes of t h e P o s t s and T e l e g r a p h s Malacca. MARRIAGE.

A q u i e t wedding w a s solemnised a t t h e C h u r c h of S t . P e t e r , B u n g a R a y a Malacca, on M o n d a y t h e 17th i n s t . between Mr. H e n r y de Costa a n d Miss G r a c e F e r n a n d e z , t h i r d d a u g h t e r of Mr. & M r s . N a z a r i o F e r n a n d e z of t h e P.W.D. Malacca. Revd. F r . F e r n a n d e z officiated. OBITUARY.

Mr. N a z a r i o de Souza. aged 35, son of M r s . J o a n n a d e Souza. w h o WTS ailing for s o m e t i m e passed a w a y peacefully on S u n d a y afternoon, J u n e 9 t h , a t his p a r e n t s ' residence Hilir. Malacca.

Joseph, t h e infant son of Mr. & Mrs. D e n n y P e s t a n a of t h e P.W.D. Merlimau, died on J u n e 11th a t Batu L a n g , Merlimau, and w a s conveyed t o B u k i t Serindit Cemet e r y for burial on J u n e 12th. Revd. F r . B e r t i n A s h n e s s officiated. F E A S T O F ST. A N T H O N Y . The' f e a s t of St. A n t h o n y of P a d u a w a s solemnised followed by a H i g h Mass on J u n e 17th a t t h e Chapel of Our L a d y Of A s s u m p tion, P r a y a lane, Malacca. T h e interior of t h e Chapel w a s crowded and t h e r e were m a n y C o m m u n i s t s . Immediately a f t e r Holy M a s s , Blessed B r e a d w a s distributed a m o n g t h e p a r i s h i o n e r s by Rev. F a t h e r s Coroado and Dias. A handful of blessed r a w rice w a s given t o each one i m m e d i a t e ly a f t e r t h e R o s a r y in t h e evening.

SOLEMNIZATION OF T H E FE\ST O F S T . A N T H O N Y B Y T H E TAMIL C O N G R E G A T I O N , K U A L A LUMPUR T h e T i t u l a r F e a s t of t h e Church of S t . A n t h o n y K u a l a L u m p u r , w a s fittingly celebrated o n S u n d a y , t h e 16^h i n s t a n t / w i t h g r e a t eclat. The whole c o m p o u n d s u r r o u n d i n g t h e church was d e c k e d w i t h flags, b u n t i n g s , and greens a n d a t t h e e n t r a n c e of t h e church compounds two decorated arches with flowers w e r e erected. T h e interior of t h e c h u r c h w a s t a s t e f u l l y a r r a n g e d and t h e a l t a r w a s a l m o s t e n t i r e l y adorned w i t h lilies a n d orchids. T h e f e a s t w a s preceded b y a N o vena w h i c h c o m m e n c e d on 7 t h June. There w a s H i g M a s s e v e r y d a y m the morring a n d N o v e n a p r a y e r f o l l o w e d b y Bened i c t i o n of t h e B l e s s e d S a c r e m e n t in the evening. D u r i n g the l a s t three days of t h e N o v e n a , s e r m o n s w e r e preached b y R e v . F a t h e r A . F r a n c i s , the assistant parish priest. On 1 6 t h i n s t a n t H i g h M a s s w a s sung by Rev. F a t h e r V. H e r m a n n . The Choir r e n d e r e d o n e of Guonod's Mass in t w o p a r t s . M o r e t h a n 1,200 faithful approached the Holy Table. In t h e e v e n i n g b e f o r e 5 p.m. inspite of t h e h e a v y r a i n w h i c h o n l y c e a s e d just b e f o r e p r o c e s s i o n , t h e w h o l e church was c r o w d e d w i t h C a t h o l i c s f r o m local and o u t s t a t i o n p a r i s h e s . A t 5 p.m. Vespers w e r e s u n g b y R e v . F a t h e r N o e l Deredec, P a r i s h P r i e s t of S t . J o h n ' s Church. Immediately following the Vespers a s e r m o n w a s g i v e n b y R e v . F a t h e r A. D. V e n d a r g o n , A s s t . P a r i s h P r i e s t of the C h u r c h of t h e V i s i t a t i o n , Seremban, T h e t h e m e of h i s s e r m o n befitted the o c c a s i o n a n d h i n g e d o n t h e L i f e of St. A n t h o n y a n d t h e kind o f d e v o t i o n we should pay to him. T h e s t a t u e s o f S t . A n t h o n y and to B l e s s e d V i r g i n M a r y w e r e carried in p r o c e s s i o n a r o u n d t h e c h u r c h in t w o dec o r a t e d c a r s . A t t h e c o n c l u s i o n of the p r o c e s s i o n s o l e m n B e n e d i c t i o n of the Blessed Sacrament w a s given. Some o t h e r p r i e s t s R e v . F a t h e r s V . Hermann, E . B e l e t , R. Girard, w e r e p r e s e n t at t h e s e r v i c e w h i c h closed w i t h t h e singi n g of t h e D i v i n e P r a i s e s i n T a m i l and Laudate Dominum. A n O r c h e s t r a in a t t e n d a n c e t h r o u g h o u t t h e S e r v i c e added t o t h e s o l e m n i t y of t h e service.

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS. Subscribers a r e kindly reminded t h a t t h e i r subscriptions for t h e n e x t q u a r t e r fall due a t t h e end of J u n e . Subscriptions m a y be forwarded t o t h e S e c r e t a r i e s of P r e s s Sections or sent d i r e c t to t h e M a n a g i n g E d i t o r , M a l a y a Catholic L e a d e r , 73, B r a s B a s a h Road, Singapore.

KUALA LUMPUR. WEDDING. T h e m a r r i a g e took place a t the church of St. J o h n , B u k i t N a n a s , K. L u m p u r , on S a t u r d a y , o f Mr. B r i a n Hatfield o n l y son of Mr. F . Hatfield and of Mrs. H a t field of A m e r s h a m , E n g l a n d to Mercia L e f e v r e , t h i r d d a u g h t e r of Captain and Mrs. L e f e v r e of S i n g a p o r e .

The w e d d i n g took place a t St. J o h n ' s church, K u a l a L u m p u r , on S a t u r d a y , of Mr. M. B o u d v i l l e of t h e P o s t s and T e l e graphs D e p a r t m e n t , K. L., and M i s s Muriel D r i e s e n , d a u g h t e r of Mrs. V a n der D r i e s e n . R e v . F a t h e r D e r e d e c performed t h e c e r e m o n y .

BAPTISM. Boniface Dennis T h e s e i r a son of Mr. a n d M r s . N . Theseira. Born on 5th J u n e 1935, baptised a t St. J o h n ' s C h u r c h , Kula L u m p u r , on Monday 10th J u n e by Rev. F r . N . Deredec. God-parents Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Beins. A f t e r t h e b a p t i s m a p a r t y was held a t Mr. T h e s e i r a ' s house in Weld Road and t h e relatives and guests w e r e detained for dinner.

OBITUARY. N e w s h a s b e e n r e c e i v e d b y Mrs. B. A. W y a t t of K u a l a L u m p u r o f t h e death of h e r s i s t e r , S i s t e r N . G e t r u d g e , which took p l a c e in B a n g a l o r e o n t h e 4 t h May, 1935. Our s y m p a t h i e s a r e e x t e n d e d to Mrs. W y a t t and family.

[From POEMS and THOUGHTS IN PubVERSE by P. P. J. Es pecker man. lished by, and obtainable at I /- nett of, Arthur H. Stockwell Ltd., 29, Ludgate Hill, London—E.C. 4.]

T H O U G H T S IN V E R S E . H a t e m e not for a n o t h e r , N o r h a t e a n o t h e r for m e ; F o r t h o u g h h u m a n i t y be frail, T h a t should for h a t e no reason be.

CYMA WATCHES and CHRONOMETERS acknowledged the BEST in ail t h e Countries. Agent:

Mariadoss—at Kuala Lumpur, on S u n d a y , J u n e 9 t h , to R e g i n a nee L o u i s w i f e of V i c t o r M a r i a d o s s a d a u g h t e r A n t u a n e t t e P h i l o m e n a . God P a r e n t s , Mr. and Mrs. T. S. S o o s a i .






22nd J U N E , 1935.


IPOH. M a t t e r s c o n n e c t e d w i t h t h e problem of providing relief f o r the p o o r of t h e parish f o r m e d t h e m a i n b u s i n e s s of t h e 10th m o n t h l y m e e t i n g of t h e CatholicAc lion S o c i e t y of t h e P a r i s h of St. Michael, I p o h , held on S u n d a y , 16th June. A s o r i g i n a l l y decided, a p a m p h let, s e t t i n g o u t t h e S o c i e t y ' s o b j e c t and appealing for general support, w a s prepared, and d i s c u s s e d a t the M e e t i n g . It w a s decided to h a v e t h e pamphlet printed a n d c o p i e s d i s t r i b u t e d a m o n g m e m b e r s of t h e P a r i s h . In asking Catholic A c t i o n i s t s to g i v e t h e project their f u l l s u p p o r t , t h e P r e s i d e n t r e marked t h a t it s h o u l d not be a l l o w e d t o affect t h e c o n t r i b u t i o n t o w a r d s t h e St. F r a n c i s X a v i e r ' s S o c i e t y and t h e Church expenses. Various other matters w e r e discussed, i n c l u d i n g c a n v a s s i n g f o r s u b s c r i p tions t o t h e Catholic L e a d e r a n d t h e p a r t i c i p a t i o n of Catholic A c t i o n i s t s i n t h e c e l e b r a t i o n of t h e f e a s t o f Corpus Christi. T h e r e a d i n g of a pathetic account of s o m e spiritual experience g o n e t h r o u g h b y Mr. A s h b y ' s f a m i l y concluded t h e p r o c e e d i n g s of t h e e d i f y ing meeting.







Thanks to the initiative of Rev. Fr. Fourgs and a number of Chinese Parishioners, a Chinese school—the S a m Tat (Catholic Public School, Ipoh — w a s started early this y e a r . The present enrolment numbers o v e r 80 b o y s a n d g i r l s , a n u m b e r of w h o m a r e n o n Catholic. It has just closed for the S u m m e r Vacation, having completed its first t e r m of work. T h e 16th i n s t . w a s Prize-giving Day. Rev. F r . Fourgs, t h e S c h o o l C o m m i t t e e a n d a n u m b e r of parishioners were present a t the prizedistribution.






" T R I N I T Y C O L L E G E O F MUSIC EXAMINATIONS." KUALA LUMPUR. " T h e following a r e a m o n g t h e successful candidates in t h e T r i n i t y College of Music practical examinations held in Kuala L u m p u r d u r i n g t h e last few days. J u n i o r Division Piano. Miss J a n e t Gladys E d w a r d , H o n s : Miss Savari Rajanial Soosay; Miss Beulah A b r a h a m and Miss M a r y Theseira. All t h e above a r e t h e nupils of Mr. C. B. Gomes, wellknown music t e a c h e r and a member of The Catholic Action Society, St. J o h n ' s P a r i s h , Kuala L u m p u r . J u n i o r Division Violin. Miss J a v a L. Lourdes. Advanced Prep a r a t o r y Division Piar>o. Miss Mary Thai Siranjivee. T h e Pupils of Mr. B. F . Gomes. Music T e a c h e r and well-known Violinist w h o r e cently broadcasted Violin Solos in t h e Kuala L u m p u r Radio Society and m e m b e r of t h e Catholic Society." *



SINGAPORE. The u n d e r m e n t i o n e d pupils o f t h e Convent of the H o l y I n f a n t J e s u s , p a s s e d the T r i n i t y C o l l e g e of Music E x a m i n a tion held in S i n g a p o r e on t h e 5 t h and 6th J u n e : — H I G H E R L O C A L . C. A n t h o n y . S E N I O R . R. Grimberg.(Hons.) M. C h a n ; M. L. B e r e n g e r . I N T E R M E D I A T E . M. Ran g e l . ( H o n s . ) M. de S o u z a ; M. C h a n ; B . P h i p p s ; V. B o n g : P. D r a g e ; ADV: P R E P A R A T O R Y : E . Sakai. 'Hons.) Y. Y a m a k a w a . (Hons.) l e e S i e w H i a n g . ( H o n s . ) C. Chelv a n : E . H a n c o c k M. S a m u e l ; E u F o n g L i n ; Y e o Choo N e o . P R E P A R A T O R Y : E. Tsutada. (Hons.) ; . Oh. ( h o n s ) R. C h o n g ; E . F e r n a n d a : B. R p r r e t t o : Lee S i n S o o n . FIRST S T E P S : V. Larke: (Hons) P. G w y n n e . ( H o n s ) M. L e e : Loh Cheng H o r ; P. P h o a ; K. P h o a : C Phoa.


( V i e n n a Correspondent, N . C . W . C . News Service).

M a l a c c a : — S t . P e t e r ' s 13th Scout Troop. This t r o o p i s the first Catholic Troop e s t a b l i s h e d in M a l a y a , run entirely o n Catholic L i n e s . It i s d e s t i n e d especially to t h e Poor Boys of t h e P o r t u g u e s e M i s s i o n of Malacca. The Promoters are v e r y thankful to t h o s e S i n g a p o r e a n s w h o h a v e m o s t liberally subscribed t o cover t h e initial e x p e n s e s .

W H A T I T I N D I C A T E S I F YOU DO NOT T A K E A CATHOLIC P A P E R . 1. T h a t you h a v e not been asked t o do so. 2. T h a t you h a v e little if a n y i n t e r e s t in Catholic affairs. 3. T h a t you prefer not t o be b o t h e r e d with religious r e a d i n g 4. That it is merely neglect. You h a v e n ' t t h o u g h t of it. 5. T h a t you " t a k e so m a n y p a p e r s " you m u s t economize by c u t t i n g off t h e b e s t a n d m o s t necessary of t h e m . 6. T h a t you will let t h e o t h e r fellow defend y o u r religion. 7. T h a t y o u differed once w i t h a n editor a n d c a n ' t forgive h i m , although y o u a g r e e d w i t h h i m in n i n e t y - n i n e o t h e r instances. 8. T h a t s u c h m o n e y a s you pay for p a p e r s , you give t o dailies which occasionally insult y o u r religion, refer t o y o u r Church a s " t h e Romish C h u r c h " a n d b r i n g yellow i m m o r a l i t y a n d scandal i n t o y o u r family. Now, r e a d e r , if you a r e not a subscriber to T H I S CATHOLIC P A P E R and belong to t h e first, f o u r t h , fifth, s e v e n t h o r e i g h t h class, you will subscribe a t once. B u t if you belong t o t h e second, third or s i x t h , we can do n o t h i n g for you D O N ' T FOR CATHOLICS. Don't g e t into t h e habit of being l a t e for Mass. A moment of p r e p a r a t i o n before Mass m a y be t h e m e a n s of opening y o u r soul to many graces. Don't t a l k in c h u r c h without necessity. Talk w i t h God, whom you m a y not have visited, in His temple, since last S u n d a y ; you will have p l e n t y of t i m e to visit your neighbour. Don't criticise t h e sermon, nor t h e m a n n e r of preaching. It is a m e s s a g e from God bearing some fruit to you. Heed t h e instruction and profit by i t ; it h a s something for you to learn.




NAZI AGITATION AND NAZI L I E S IN A U S T R I A . B y Dr. F r e d e r i c




M i s s Clara Seen, M a t r o n . Poh Leung Kuk, Singapore, a Recipient of the J u b i l e e Medal. S h e h a s put in over t w e l v e y e a r s service, and w a s made Matron seven y e a r s a g o .

HIS M I S T A K E . A n enthusiastic s u p p o r t e r of t h e local football t e a m arrived a t t h e ground one d a y and saw a load of bricks t h e r e . H e approached t h e club secret a r y and asked: Wouldn't halfbricks have been b e t t e r ? "Half-bricks," replied t h e secret a r y . "We couldn't build a pavilion w i t h half-bricks." "Oh. Are they for a pavilion?" said t h e supporter. "My m i s t a k e . I t h o u g h t they w e r e for t h e referee."

Don't leave t h e c h u r c h until t h e priest h a s left t h e s a n c t u a r y . Take a m o m e n t in which t o t h a n k God for t h e g r a c e s of t h e Holy Mass. Don't talk in t h e aisles going out. R e m e m b e r you a r e in t h e presence of God in His Most Holy S a c r a m e n t . Your gossip will keep until you reach t h e s t r e e t .

V i e n n a . — C h a r g e s m a d e in a l e t t e r appearing in an American nondenominational magazine, that persons in A u s t r i a w e r e imprisoned for " h a v i n g l e f t t h e R o m a n Catholic Church," are s h o w n by t h e record t o be untrue. The l e t t e r , w h i c h w a s a c o m m u n i c a t i o n to t h e e d i t o r and not a n a r t i c l e , o r i g i n a t e d in P r a g u e , Czechoslovakia. It a s s e r t e d that the Austrian Government had r e s o r t e d t o direct prohibition of church m e m b e r s h i p c h a n g e s , to p r e v e n t l e a k a g e f r o m t h e Catholic F a i t h . T h e civil records s h o w t h a t all of the s i x p e r s o n s m e n t i o n e d in t h e l e t t e r w e r e , a s a m a t t e r of fact, a r r e s t e d for political i n f r a c t i o n s , and church records reveal s e p a r a t i o n s from the Catholic Church, p a r t i c u l a r l y in the P r o v i n c e w h e r e the a r r e s t s occurred, h a v e reached a considerable number and are continuing, u n d e r t h e influence of N a z i a g i t a t i o n , r a t h e r t h a n b e i n g h a l t e d by a n y such t h i n g a s g o v e r n m e n t fiat. T h e f a c t s are a s f o l l o w s : I n t h e s u m m e r o f 1933, t h e prop a g a n d a of the N a z i s in A u s t r i a launched v i o l e n t a t t a c k s a g a i n s t the Catholic Church. S p e a k e r s a c c u s e d the Church of b e i n g a n e n e m y of t h e G e r m a n n a t i o n . T h e s l o g a n " T o be G e r m a n m e a n s t o be P r o t e s t a n t " w a s flung a t the m a s s e s . E f f o r t s w e r e m a d e t o i n t i m i d a t e Catholic B i s h o p s w h o opposed t h e Nasi t h e o r i e s . A g i t a t i o n s t a r t e d f o r s e p a r a t i o n frony t h e Catholic Church, p a r t i c u l a r l y in t h e provinces of Salzburg, Styria and Carinthia. The theory w a s that the C a t h o l i c Church w a s t h e s t r o n g e s t o p p o n e n t o f N a z i d o c t r i n e s in A u s t r i a , and if it could be w e a k e n e d , t h e N a z i s m i g h t t r i u m p h in t h i s c o u n t r y . T o oppose these activities, which by no m e a n s a r o s e from r e l i g i o u s r e a s o n s , b u t w e r e o f a political n a t u r e and a i m e d a t political ends, the Austrian Governm e n t o n A u g u s t 2 4 , 1933, decreed t h a t t h e c o m p e t e n t s t a t e a u t h o r i t i e s should henceforth summon to appear before t h e m e v e r y p e r s o n w h o intended to c h a n g e h i s religion, and t h a t a period of t h r e e m o n t h s should p a s s before such i n t e n d e d c h a n g e of r e l i g i o n m i g h t be effected. In m a n y c a s e s , it developed, d e c l a r a t i o n s of intended c h a n g e of rel i g i o n had been p r e s e n t e d f o r p e r s o n s w h o had no such i n t e n t i o n , t h e p a p e r s b e i n g s i g n e d by o t h e r s . T h e object of t h e G o v e r n m e n t decree w a s to p r e v e n t t h e occurrence of s i m i l a r a b u s e s in f u t u r e and to protect liberty in t h e e x e r c i s e of religion f r o m t h e tricks of political a g i t a t o r s . N o s e n t e n c e s to i m p r i s o n m e n t w e r e s t i p u l a t e d in the decree. It i m p o s e s no r e s t r i c t i o n w h a t s o e v e r a s f a r as s e p a r a tion f r o m the Church is concerned. As a m a t t e r of fact, the n u m b e r of s e p a r a t i o n s f r o m the Catholic Church in t h e P r o v i n c e of S a l z b u r g f r o m the date w h e n this agitation was started up to D e c e m b e r , 1934, n u m b e r e d 1,200. A t W e r f e n , in the P r o v i n c e of S l a z b u r g , c e r t a i n persons t h r e a t e n e d to l e a v e t h e Church if the Catholic rector did not succeed in o b t a i n i n g t h e r e l e a s e of s o m e N a z i s placed under a r r e s t . In s i x c a s e s , s e n t e n c e s of a r r e s t w e r e p a s s e d on pers o n s a b o u t to l e a v e t h e Church, but not for t h e r e a s o n t h a t t h e y intended t o s e p a r a t e from t h e Catholic Church. In five o f t h e s e c a s e s t h e s e n t e n c e s w e r e passed because the applicants' written d e c l a r a t i o n s of s e p a r a t i o n , w h i c h t h e y m a d e on m u l t i g r a p h e d f o r m s , o b v i o u s l y c a m e f r o m t h e s a m e s o u r c e and c o n t a i n ed a t t a c k s on the G o v e r n m e n t . In one c a s e t h e person in q u e s t i o n w a s s e n t e n c e d b e c a u s e he w a s found to p o s s e s s f o r b i d d e n political p r o p a g a n d a . In t h e c a s e s of t h r e e of t h e s e p e r s o n s , each of w h o m had been s e n t e n c e d t o s i x w e e k s ' a r r e s t , t h i s s e n t e n c e w a s c o m m u t e d into a fine.

Don't f o r g e t to bend t h e knee a s you e n t e r and leave y o u r seat This is an act of adoration paid t o t h e Real Presence. Do it with faith a n d reverence.

— : " I've decided w h a t I ' m I'm g o i n g t o do," said E d g a r . g o i n g t o find myself a nice little wife. I'll h a v e a cosy little home, well-cooked m e a l s ; m y slippers will be all r e a d y f o r m e w h e n I g e t h o m e a t n i g h t , m y pipe will b e h a n d y , a n d peace a n d c o n t e n t m e n t will r e i g n for t h e r e s t of my d a y s . D o n ' t you t h i n k it a g r e a t i d e a ? "

Don't fail to see t h e holy w a t e r fount a n d t h e poor box a t t h e church door. Take a few drops from t h e one with which to bless yourself; drop a penny in t h e other t h a t you m a y help t o bless t h e deserving poor.

— : "You o u g h t n e v e r to m a r r y , old c h a p , " said his m a r r i e d friend. — : " W h y n o t ? " asked E d g a r . — : "Well, when a m a n h a s a beautiful d r e a m like t h a t , h e s h o u l d n ' t t a k e t h e risk of w a k i n g u p . " p u t in t h e cynical one.








P U B L I S H E D WEEKLY. 20 Pages.


No. 25.



10 Cents.

S A T U R D A Y , 22nd J U N E , 1935.




B o y s of S. J . I. w h o received Confirmation from H . E . M g r . Devals on W h i t Sunday, J u n e 9 t h .

P u b l i s h e d by Rev. Fr. Cardon and P r i n t e d b y l i t h o g r a p h e r s Limited, 3 7 / 3 8 , Wallich S t r e e t , S i n g a p o r e ,



JUNE 22, 1935, VOL 01, N0 25  

Greetings To Papal Legate Evidence Cordiality Between France And Vatican

JUNE 22, 1935, VOL 01, N0 25  

Greetings To Papal Legate Evidence Cordiality Between France And Vatican