140 S MCCLELLAND ST. SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84102
Wheel of Fortune by Scott Gutierrez
PRESORTED STANDARD US POSTAGE
PAID SALT LAKE CITY, UT PERMIT NO. 352
CATALYST HEALTHY LIVING, HEALTHY PLANET
NUMBER 4 VOLUME 30 APRIL 2011
CRYSTAL BLOWOUT SALE up to 30% off everything ENDS April 30, 2011
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A World of Wellness Resources in Your Neighborhood!
HEALTHY LIVING, HEALTHY PLANET NEW MOON PRESS, INC. PUBLISHER & EDITOR Greta Belanger deJong
Get a healthy body ... live a happier life!
ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER John deJong
Utah Sports and Wellness
ART DIRECTOR Polly P. Mottonen
Same day appointments available
MANAGING EDITOR Pax Rasmussen WEB MEISTER & TECH WRANGLER Pax Rasmussen STAFF WRITER / BLOGGER Alice Bain PROMOTIONS & DISPLAY ADVERTISING Jane Laird, Emily Millheim
Open Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday Dr. Michael Cerami
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) - NEW at Utah Sports and Wellness
The best in cutting edge healing techniques that professionals athletes use. Get back in the game quicker, speeding up the recovery process from minor to major injuries and during post-operative care. Check our website for more information, research and an introductory special on this exciting therapy.
PRODUCTION Polly P. Mottonen, Rocky Lindgren, John deJong PHOTOGRAPHY & ART Polly Mottonen, Sallie Shatz, John deJong, Carol Koleman, Adele Flail, Emily Moroz, Pax Rasmussen
Massage Therapy Expert sports and orthopedic massage rehabilitates new and old injuries, enhances athletic performance, and provides relaxation and rejuvenation for the whole body. Call 801-916-8752 for appointments.
INTERN Amber Meredith
DISTRIBUTION Carol Koleman and John deJong (managers) Brent & Kristy Johnson Dave Berg RECEPTION, SECURITY Xenon, Piscine Community of Peers
is proud to be a part of these fine civic efforts:
With over 25 years of clinical experience, Dr. Cerami has now advanced his chiropractic practice to the next level by incorporating the latest energy medicine tools including Cold Laser, Frequency Specific Microcurrent and the Impulse Adjusting Instrument. As a serious ongoing student of his discipline, Dr. Cerami is always studying and learning the latest technologies so he can help patients get well faster and save them time, money and effort. Call today to find out how Dr. Cerami can help you get back into the health and fitness you desire.
CONTRIBUTORS Lucy Beale, Charlotte Bell, Steve Bhaerman, Melissa Bond, Rebecca Brenner, Amy Brunvand, Steve Chambers, Ralfee Finn, Donna Henes, Dennis Hinkamp, Teresa Jordan, Machiel Klerk, Carol Koleman, Jane Laird, Todd Mangum, Jeannette Maw, Trisha McMillan, Diane Olson, Jerry Rapier, Christopher Renstrom, Margaret Ruth, Dan Schmidt, Amie Tullius, Suzanne Wagner, Chip Ward
Roger Olbrot, LMT
Acupuncture Offering acupuncture, Chinese herbology and advanced supplementation. Achieve balance, harmony and unlimited well-being. Call 831-277-3792 to schedule appointments or a complimentary 15 minute consultation, go to www.seayacupuncture.com for more information.
Heather Seay, Lac.
Massage Therapy Jenni has more than 10 years of experience perfecting the art of massage therapy for better wellness, pain management, body maintenance, and enjoyment. Flexible hours. Call 801-879-4173. For more information or to book online visit www.massagebyjenni.com.
Jenni Curtis, LMT
Sports Injury Treatment Frequency Specific Microcurrent is an exciting new way of treating acute and chronic sports injuries, sprains and strains, contusions, scar tissue and fractures. FSM can also be helpful in pre and post surgical situations to enhance healing and speed recovery time. Visit www.utahsportsandwellness.com for published papers or call 801-486-1818 for more information.
Utah Sports and Wellness 1550 East 3300 South www.utahsportsandwellness.com 801-486-1818
Utah Sports and Wellness
Celebrating 29 years
of being a u 1. An agent or substance that initiates, precipitates or accelerates the rate of a reaction without being consumed in the process. u 2. Someone or something that causes an important event to happen.
Who we are...
CATALYST is an independent monthly journal and resource guide for the Wasatch Front providing information and ideas to expand your network of connections regarding physical, mental, emotional and spiritual wellbeing. CATALYST presents useful information in several ways: through articles (often containing resource lists), display advertising, the Community Resource Directory, Dining Guide, and featured Events. Display ads are easily located through the Advertising Directory, found in every issue.
20,000 copies of this magazine are distributed at over 300 locations along the Wasatch Front, including cafes, bookstores, natural foods stores, spas and
“Wheel of Fortune”
described as random and unfocused—but really, his main drive is the exploration of new areas; he finds it impossible to stick to one method or subject for very long. The genuineness and honesty of folk art has also been an inspiration for Gutierrez; art for art's sake, rather than for money. u His work can currently be seen at:
libraries. SUBSCRIPTIONS: First Class, $40. Third class, $20 per year. Third class subscriptions are slow to arrive and hard to trace if they go astray. Notify us promptly if your address changes. The opinions expressed by the authors are not necessarily (though probably) those of the publisher. Call for reprint permission. Copyright 2010, New Moon Press, Inc.
CODA Gallery 804 Main Street Park City, UT www.codagallery.com
Advertise in CATALYST If you have a business that our readers would like to know about, please contact us. We would be happy to help you clarify your advertising needs and manifest the clients you want with an appropriate and attractive display ad or a resource directory listing. You can download our rates and specifications from our website .
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140 S. McClelland St. SLC, UT 84102 Phone: 801.363.1505 Email: CONTACT@CATALYSTMAGAZINE.NET Web: WWW.CATALYSTMAGAZINE.NET
ON THE COVER
Tumbleweeds 1101 Park Avenue Park City, UT Scott Gutierrez
or Gutierrez, art comes from the inherently distracting multitude of details of life—the billions of things to look at and think about. Because of this, his approach to art could be
Presented by- The Utah Solar Energy Association and the Utah Technology Council
Tuesday, April 19, 2011 Salt Palace Convention Center Family Friendly Activities from 5 -9 pm!
Don't miss this chance to learn about Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, and then see it, touch it, ask questions, and get answers! For more info and to register visit utsolar.org or utahtech.org
IN THIS ISSUE Volume 30 Number 4 • April 2011
The Change you wish to see April Events Sallie Dean Shatz
Solidarity with people of Wisconsin railly
FEATURES & OCCASIONALS 8
OUTSIDE THE BOX NEW! ALICE BAIN The internet, hunter-gatherers, and crowd-sourcing reality: New CATALYST columnist Alice Bain reveals who’s holding the key to the future. THE “FOOD REVOLUTION” 10 YEARS LATER STEPHANIE CARTER Baskin-Robbins heir John Robbins says understanding the connection between personal and planetary health is more important than ever. SHARING BACKYARDS KATHERINE PIOLI A new kind of community gardening is taking root in Salt Lake City—an online match-making service for would-be gardeners. SIZE MATTERS FRED MONTAGUE A 3 ft. by 6 ft. raised bed gardening system beats a 4x8 on several counts—learn why, and how to build one. GARDENING FROM THE GROUND UP KAY DENTON Healthy plants come from well-fed soil. Everything you need to know to make sure your dirt can grow your greens. 2011 PLANTING GUIDE Learn when to plant what with this clip-and-keep chart. GLOBAL TURMOIL AND HUMAN REACTORS MARGARET RUTH Using energy and information from a different plane.
REGULARS & SHORTS 6
EDITOR’S NOTEBOOK GRETA BELANGER DEJONG
DON’T GET ME STARTED JOHN DEJONG
ENVIRONEWS AMY BRUNVAND Environmental news from around the west. Photos by Sallie Shatz.
CHEF PROFILE: OMAR’S RAWTOPIA JANE LAIRD Good living through living food.
DANCE: SCANDI JAM AMY BRUNVAND Dancing with Scandinavians.
PAX RASMUSSEN 36
ANIMALIA CAROL KOLEMAN Ideas, profiles, products & news for all things animal.
YOGA POSE OF THE MONTH CHARLOTTE BELL Ustrasana: Tap into April’s abundant energy.
COMINGS & GOINGS CAROL KOLEMAN What’s new around town.
THE WELL-TEMPERED BICYCLE COMMUTER STEVEN CHAMBERS Dress for success: Biking in spring is all about layers.
WHERE WE’VE BEEN NEW! STAFF And what happened there.
METAPHORS FOR THE MONTH SUZANNE WAGNER Stay aligned during this time of turmoil.
ASK AN ASTROLOGER CHRISTOPHER RENSTROM Fighting to understand: The combative and collaborative energy of Children of Jupiter.
URBAN ALMANAC DIANE OLSON Day by day in the home, garden and sky.
• “Begin at the Beginning Introduction to Horary and Astrology” With Krysta Brinkley April 5th, 6:30-7:30 p.m. 10% off Astrology Books (1st of a 5 class series)
• Psychic Fair April 19th, 6:00 p.m. - 9:00 p.m.
• Earth Day Tools from the Earth Trunk Show with Jewelry Factory “Tools for Evolution” April 22nd, 2:00 – 7:30 p.m.
Call The Golden Braid for information on our current “Event Series” taught by Jade or Krysta.
151 South 500 E. SLC • 801-322-1162 • goldenbraidbooks.com
Fabulous food, Fabulous for you
Presenting Our Famous Easter Sunday ~ April 24th
Mother’s Day ~ May 8th
Brunch Buffets 151 South 500 E., SLC 801-322-0404 oasiscafeslc.com
Andy Monaco Construction . . . . . . . . . 38
Moffitt, Marilyn. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Avenues Yoga . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Montessori School. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Ballanger, Adam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Mountain West Arts Conference . . . . . . 35
Beer Nut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Mt. Peale Inn & Cabins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Bell, Elaine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Naked Fish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Big Mind . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Nostalgia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Blue Boutique. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Omar’s Rawtopia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Boulder Mt. Zendo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Open Hand Bodywork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Buddha Maitreya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Pago . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Café Solstice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
RDT Dance Classes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Caffé Ibis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Red Butte Gardens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Cali’s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Red Lotus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Center for Transpersonal Therapy . . . . 43
Residential Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Clarity Coaching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Ririe Woodbury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Coffee Garden #1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Rising Sun Coffee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Coffee Garden #2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Ruth’s Diner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Conscious Journey/Patillo . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Sage’s Cafe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Crone’s Hollow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Salt Lake Acting Company . . . . . . . . . . 35
Community Supported Agriculture . . . 21
School of Sahaj Healing . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Cucina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Schuman Law. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Dancing Cats Feline Center . . . . . . . . . . 37
Simply Skin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Dancing Cranes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
State Room. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
East West Acupuncture . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Streamline (pilates/yoga). . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Echo House Publishers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Sun Valley Wellness Festival . . . . . . . . . 33
Eckankar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Takashi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Five-Step Carpet Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Ten Thousand Villages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Friends of the SL Library . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Tin Angel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Golden Braid Books . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Traces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Great Salt Lake Bird Festival . . . . . . . . . 37
U of U Humanities Happy Hour . . . . . . 31
Healing Mountain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
U of U Frontiers of Science Lecture . . . 33
Indochine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Underfoot Floors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Inner Light Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
UNI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Intuitive Journeys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Utah Renewable Energy Conference . . . 4
Kathmandu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Utah Sports and Wellness . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
KRCL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Utah Solar & Alt. Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Live Green Festival. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Vertical Diner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Local First . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wagner, Suzanne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Maria Kinghorn Life Coaching. . . . . . . . 43
Wasatch Natural . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Matrix Energetics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Writers at Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
April April 2011 2011
Images from India
Images from Gret and John’s trip to India.
DISPLAY ADS IN THIS ISSUE D I S P L Church A Y A. .D. . S. . . . I. .N9 TMindful H I SYoga I S. .S. . U. . .E. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 All Saints Episcopal
Images from India key:
You don’t have to live in pain!
1. Lori Mertz a nd her trusty dog Bert drove us to the air por t. 2. Air E merites i s the fanciest ai rli ne ever , in a gra cious and grounded way .
4. Suni l, one of the hos pital staff, in the ki tchen. He i s cl ari fyi ng a story i n the
“Working with Dan has transformed my life.”
Mahabar ata for me ov er afternoon chai . THINK 5. At Aditya, the ayurvedi c cli ni c we vi sited, new vis itors’ quarters w ere bei ng
bui lt—alm os t entirely by ha nd.
Daniel J. Schmidt, GCFP, LMT 150 South 600 East, Suite 3B www.OpenHandSLC.com 801 694 4086
7. Maki ng the ayurvedi c herba l medici nes . 8.Yoga on the v eranda wi th Peter Francyk eac h afternoon. 9.Here's the gor geous ma ssa ge tabl e, made of neem w ood.
THE DATE * 2011
10 . I, mysel f, show some si gns of rel axa ti on.
11 . Where we a te our delic ious meals . Friday.May.6th
Call me, I can help. 19 years in practice
SUPPORT 6. O ur new
12 . John wil l s how y ou his temple photos, if y ou as k. He ha s hundreds of them. J^[(dZ7ddkWb
SLC Neighborhood Conference 13 . Greta w ith the tw o Sar ahs, in the mi dst ofBusiness an ay urv edic facia l.
For sponsorship opportunities or inquiries: firstname.lastname@example.org
14 . Mor ni ng haze: woodsmoke and dew.
Read Editor’s Notebook online at catalystmagazine.net for the inside story
DON’T GET ME STARTED
Summer Adventures Camp ( Jun 13 - Aug 12)
Paying attention to the men behind the curtain BY JOHN DEJONG
merica’s democracy began with broadsheets on tavern walls and discussions over beer. A robust, honest discussion percolated till a consensus was reached; then our elected representatives crafted a solution that took into account all points of view. What passes for democracy in the Utah legislature is sharply at odds with what our founding fathers envisioned. Every session features a charnel cartload of what appear to be empty coffins. These yawn open to reveal bills that have been festering in the darkness for most of the session. Then, each bill’s sponsor horsetrades votes with fellow legislators, making devil’s bargains to assure passage of their stealth legislation. Some sharp players rack up so many favors that they even get a mulligan on their bill’s constitutionality. A prime example of this macabre practice is Rep. John Dougal’s misbegotten HB477, the evisceration of the Government Records Accessibility and Management Act (GRAMA), which was deliberated—if that’s the word for it—for a total of 72 hours . Dougal chose a cynical way to generate discussion of the provisions of GRAMA when he got his bill passed with as little “discussion” as possible. Dougal’s problem with GRAMA was whether emails and text messages from private citizens constitute government records. Dougal’s fever-nightmare was a hypothetical email from a constituent disclosing, among other things, that his child was in the hospital and the “inevitable” headline in a local paper. Say what? No doubt the majority of input our elected representatives receive is meant to influence them. The problem is that these private communications, though they often result in very public consequences, may or may not be the truth. A similar problem exists with campaign contributors and lobbyists. They would like nothing better than to have exclusive access to our elected representatives’ ears. How can we judge our represen-
tatives’ actions and reach an opinion of their fitness for office if w e don’t know what deals they are doing for their campaign contributors? How can we judge the bills they are running in our names if said bills barely see the light of day? Lost in the uproar over HB477 was a Salt Lake Tribune story about how much of the business of the legislature actually happened out of sight in Republican legislative caucus meetings. The fate of bills is determined in the closed caucus of the majority party—with no public scrutiny, much less any input from the minority party. Caucus meetings are exempt from provisions of the Open Public Meetings laws. Perfectly good legislation, if it’s proposed by the minority party, is frequently ratholed and never sees the light of day. The root of the problem is the idea that legislative bodies may make their own rules of procedure. No checks and balances, no judicial review, no executive signature is required. Furthermore, committees are allowed to short-change testimony if it suits the powers that be. Our courts require high standards of testimony to determine innocence or guilt, yet any knave can stand up in front of a legislative committee and spout b.s. about the very laws the courts will soon be enforcing. Everything our elected representatives do should be done in the open. Every word they hear and every word they utter should be accessible to every citizen. They are what an MBA would call our “direct reports,” and as our representatives they owe us nothing less. In an age where the sound of your voice and a broadsheet tacked to the wall of a tavern were the only ways to communicate your views, representative democracy was the only fair way to govern. Maybe in the age of the Internet, email, blogs and the like, “representative” democracy is old-fashioned. Even if more laws are enacted by direct vote, we should adopt the deliberate public debate that our forefathers used. u John deJong is associate publisher of CATALYST.
Toddlers - Age 10 Apply Now!
OUTSIDE THE BOX mirror neurons
The internet, hunter-gatherers, and crowd-sourcing reality
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This month, in this new CATALYST column, Alice reveals who’s holding the key to the future. BY ALICE BAIN
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In vi te d
Open Your Heart
A Spiritual Meditation for All Who Love God Sundays 10:30-11:00 a.m. ECKANKAR 8105 S. 700 E., Sandy www.eckankar-utah.org
e are all cyborgs these days. We have incorporated the Internet into our lives to such an extent that it’s almost completely transparent; in other words, like the air we breathe, the Internet now only really gets our attention when we can’t have our accustomed access to it. Some contend that the web is making us stupid. They say it’s destroying our ability to concentrate, to memorize, and to socialize with other humans. I’m here to refute that claim. This globe-spanning informational network certainly brings us the bad news, but adjust your internal settings and look again: There are plentiful affirmations out there of how we’re growing smarter and more loving as a species, and daily concrete evidence of what we’re doing right. How we’ve changed in the past 100 years! Times were, news of a tsunami in Japan would barely register in New York, and then mostly as an economic consideration among financiers. Now we have high-definition video of the disaster available at our fingertips within hours—if not minutes—of it happening. The New York Times was one of several sites that juxtaposed high-resolution satellite shots of the same area before and after the tsunami, and the gut-wrenching impact of those images can’t be understated. We all suffered, just by watching. And look at the instantaneous worldwide empathic outpouring that resulted. Money and supplies flowed to Japan from every nation, and from individuals and corporations alike. The Afghan city of Kandahar —of all places!—even donated $50,000 toward relief efforts. Our ability to feel how others are feeling really is the key to our survival. We are, as Jeremy Rifkin notes, “soft wired with mirror neurons…that allow us to feel another’s plight as if we are experiencing it ourselves.” The more we understand about other beings, the more we feel for them, and the less we are able to discount their life experiences as irrelevant—and the more data we collect about ourselves and other species, and the more widely available this data is, the more wise and gentle we become. New work suggests that sperm whales may possess individual names. As this kind of information spreads, and particularly as our younger generations are exposed to it, our group concept of whales moves away from “horrific fishy monsters” and toward “non-human people.” Slaughtering them worldwide for lamp oil? Probably not going to happen again anytime soon. This kind of thoughtful ability that we have to adjust our concept of reality has become crowdsourced as a result of the Internet. Used to be, the guys in charge would tell us what to do and how to think, and for the most part we followed along because there wasn’t any data that would lead us in a contrary direction. Can you imagine being told not to comfort your baby because of the “dangers of mother-love”? Yet this used to happen, and parents across the nation dutifully followed the advice. Now, not only do we understand the mechanics of human emotional attachment
and how important it is for healthy social functioning, we can even use this knowledge to build trust, defuse conflicts, and solidify our relationships. We have always been the architects of our own group reality, but we’ve never before been able to see that reality so clearly. MIT researcher Deb Roy recorded the first 90,000 hours of his son’s life, and tracked his verbal development from baby babbling to enunciating proper words. That they would be able to record a dataset of this size is in itself astounding, but Roy and his team have also been able to impose analytics on that data that wring visible structures out of it and make the meaning of it accessible to ordinary people who don’t want to sit and watch 90,000 hours of video capture. They’ve also taken these same analytics and applied them to media streams of television and the Internet and created something that allows us as individuals to see what we as a group mind are thinking about. Wow! We are also, in spite of all our civilizations, still huntergatherers. Instead of berries these days we gather data, and we use our analytical ability to hunt for meaning within it. The world of particle physics and cosmology is esoteric to say the least, but some recent analysis on previously gathered data suggests something that the normal human brain has trouble even conceiving: that the universe hasn’t always possessed three physical dimensions. Cosmology has a habit of revising itself every few years, so I’d take this one with a grain of salt—but if the theory is found to be true, it carries with it a startling possible consequence: that the universe may one day be “promoted” again, and we’ll end up with four physical dimensions instead of three. What might this mean to human survival has yet to be discussed, but I suspect that along the way we may face some more vital challenges to our survival than learning how to brew a four-dimensional mug of tea. Survival is the question. We often accuse ourselves of being self-centered in the way that we are destroying our environment, but I think in reality we are not being self-centered enough. “SAVE THE EARTH!” has been a great rallying cry for recent generations, but the Earth doesn’t need saving—the planet has its own metabolism, life on a microbial scale is incredibly hardy, and the continents we stand on are in a continual process of being recycled via plate tectonics. We are the ones with our lives on the line. Our pattern-seeking brains can’t help but see the human mind and form mirrored everywhere, down to the very rocks of the planet itself. There’s a message here, something we’ve been trying to tell ourselves: We hold the key to our own future. Nobody else, just us. Let’s make it good. u Alice Bain is a Salt Lake-based artist and CATALYST’s newest jewel. Her column will appear regularly in the print edition. Also look for her blog updates, appearing several times a week, at WWW.CATALYSTMAGAZINE.NET.
April 2011 Ad for Catalyst:Catalyst Full Page Ad 3/30/11 3:47 PM Page 1
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Just because you’ve outgrown colored eggs, doesn’t mean you’ve outgrown Easter. Come to All Saints Episcopal Church this Easter and discover something far more mysterious than resuscitation. Hear the story of Christ’s resurrection and you may just discover a miracle even greater than the Easter Bunny.
Opportunity for Spiritual Awakening Jesus for the Non-Religious “Jesus calls you to be whole, not religious. Jesus calls you to be real, not religious. Jesus calls you to be loving, not moral and righteous. Jesus calls you to be inclusive, not hating everybody that disagrees with you and claiming your superiority over them. That’s what this Jesus portrait is about and that’s why people believed that they experienced all that God is in the life and in the person of Jesus of Nazareth.” So says Bishop John Shelby Spong in this 3 part DVD Class which will include a short time for conversation at the end of each class.
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March was an active, dynamic month in Salt L ake— it seemed like very other day there was a rally , protest or celebration. CATALYST contributing photographer Sallie Shatz made sure to document them all!
Bishop holds anti-wilderness hearing On March 1, Congressman Rob Bishop (Ut-1) who is chair of the House Resources subcommittee on National Parks, Forests and Public Lands, convened a congressional hearing on “The Impact of the Administration’s Wild Lands Order on Jobs and Economic Growth.” During the hearing, Bishop falsely claimed the majority of Westerners oppose a policy that directs BLM to consider wilderness values during public lands planning, and then stacked the deck with anti-wilderness witnesses such as William Myers III, a longtime lobbyist for mining and cattle industries who has built a career as an anti-environmental extremist. Utah Governor Gary Herbert delivered an anti-wilderness rant in which he blamed wilderness for loss of jobs. He failed to note that only 1% of private sector jobs in Utah are related to oil and gas while 13.6% of jobs are related to travel and tourism. Herbert also wrongly asserted that wilderness designation would reduce money from school trust lands for education. In the past, wilderness designation has actually raised money for schools. For example, when Escalante Grand Staircase National Monument was created, the State of Utah was able to trade school trust land inholdings for valuable federal lands outside of the Monument boundaries. TINYURL.COM/ANTIWILDERNESSHEARING
DeChristopher found guilty
n March 3, Climate activist Tim DeChristopher was found guilty on two felony counts of disrupting a federal auction of oil and gas leases during the last days of the Bush Administration. DeChristopher’s case focused nationwide attention on the climate and energy debate and drew support from prominent environmental activists like Robert Redford, Terry Tempest Williams, Naomi Klein, Dr. James Hansen and Bill McKibben. During the trial DeChristopher testified about his state of mind as he planned to protest a BLM oil and gas lease auction in December 2008. He said, “That morning I had realized that the protest wasn’t really going to have much of an impact, and this auction deserved more than just holding a sign. I wanted to go inside and take stronger action to really raise a red flag as to what was going on there.” He said the sight of a friend’s tears moved him to raise the now famous ‘bidder 70’ paddle. Since his impulsive act of civil disobedience, DeChristopher has become an eloquent spokesman for climate justice and founded the group Peaceful Uprising, dedicated to defending a livable future through empowering nonviolent action. DeChristopher will be sentenced on June 23. He faces up to 10 years in prison. After the verdict Bill McKibben wrote on his blog, “Tim has shown the power of civil disobedience to shine a light—the government should be giving him a medal, not a
SLC among top 10 toxic cities In 2009 Salt Lake City had 15 unhealthy air quality days in 2009 and over 130 million pounds of on-site toxic releases, a pollution level that ranked the city nine out of 10 on Forbes list of “America’s 10 most Toxic Cities.” The Forbes article notes that most cities don’t experience any
sentence, and in time this will be recalled as a key early battle in the century’s long fight for a livable climate.” One of the core principles of Peaceful Uprising is “The best response to intimidation is joy and resolve,” and this served as a motto for climate justice events surrounding the trial. On the first day of the trial an estimated 400 to 600 protesters (including many CATALYST staffers, writers and photographer Sallie Shatz, who took the famous photo of Tim in the act of bidding) marched from Pioneer Park to the Federal Courthouse beating drums, waving banners, spinning hula hoops and singing. Smaller groups of supporters kept a vigil singing on the courthouse steps during the four-day trial. That evening after the trial, Tim spoke eloquently in an hour-long interview with Troy Williams on KRCL’s RadioActive, and then with Amy Goodman on the nationally aired New York City-based Democracy Now. WWW.PEACEFULUPRISING.ORG
Tim on RadioActive: TINYURL.COM/DECHRISTOPHERRADIOACTIVE Tim on Democracy Now: TINYURL.COM/DECHRISTOPHERDEMOCRACYNOW Midnight vigil for Tim DeChristopher. A 13 track album by Peter Yarrow, Bethany Yarrow, Rufus Cappadocia: MUSIC.PEACEFULUPRISING.ORG/ALBUM/MIDNIGHT-VIGIL-FOR-TIM-DECHRISTOPHER
unhealthy air quality days in the course of a year and (notwithstanding a recent greenwashing public relations campaign from Rio Tinto, owner of Kennecott Utah Copper), the article cites the Kennecott copper mine and Tesoro oil refineries as significant contributers to toxic releases. WWW.FORBES.COM/2011/02/28/MOST-TOXIC-CITIES-PERSONAL-FINANCE.HTML
On the 8th anniversary of the the “Shock and Awe” invasion of Iraq, students from Utah Valley University, citizens and veterans of multiple wars gathered at the State Capitol. Veterens told their stories of war, bringing listeners to tears.
Utah legislature roundup, 2011
The 2011 Utah Legislative session was one of the worst ever as Gov. Gary Herbert failed to rein in the worst impulses of Utah’s Republican supermajority. The Utah Chapter of the Sierra Club reported on the bad environmental results: • HB399 sponsored by Mike Noel (R-Kanab) would require any plaintiff going before a court to request an administrative stay or an injunction in an environmental action to post a surety bond or cash equivalent to compensate defendants for damages suffered or claimed should the appeal by the plaintiff be denied. (This is probably unconstitutional and defending it will cost the state hundreds of thousands of dollars.) • HJR 19 expresses the opposition of the Utah legislature to EPA’s new rule to begin regulating emission of greenhouse gasses. • HB 400 (Mike Noes again) adds language to Utah Code making it impossible for any political subsidiary of the state such as counties and cities to regulate mining on state or federal land. • SCR 15 urges the United States Congress to exempt
HEIRLOOM TOMATO PLANTS!
The 2011 Utah legislatutive session passed a bill (HB477) that would r emove politician’s electronic communications from public access. In response, 600 citizens gathered for a “Shine a Light on Government” rally at the Capitol. On the final night of the legislativ e session, citizens” singing filled the rotunda.
wolves from the Endangered Species Act in all states. And also one good bill: • SB 20 Sponsored by Sen Dennis Stowell (R-Parowan) allows local water districts to recharge groundwater aquifers with surface water.
Bob Bennett, wilderness consultant. Bob Bennett, Utah’s Republican senator who was ousted by Tea Party activists, has announced that he is acting as a consultant for the Wilderness Society. The Washington County Land Use Act, passed in Bennett’s final term, may be his greatest
legacy. The initial version of the bill was fiercely opposed by environmentalists, but together with Representative Jim Matheson (UT-1), Bennett initiated a process that invited input from all stakeholders. The final version of the bill showed how to break through the seemingly endless controversy about protecting Utah’s wild lands. Bennett hopes he can help facilitate more negotiation and compromise. A Salt Lake Tribune article quoted Bennett saying, “I’m hoping that we can, over the next few years, see this whole wilderness thing calm down and see itself resolved. Too many people on both sides of the controversy have a vested interest in keeping the controversy going.”
Little Cottonwood roller coaster? In February, Congressman Rob Bishop (UT-1) introduced the “Ski Area Recreational Opportunity Enhancement Act of 2011,” which would promote zip lines, mountain biking, Frisbee golf and ropes courses at ski resorts on U.S. Forest Service Land. However, the bill specifically deems amusement parks inappropriate. Somebody should tell that to Snowbird Ski and Summer Resort, which has asked Salt Lake County for permission to build a roller coaster on Mt Superior with a trestle crossing the highway. In order to avoid the public comment process required for public land development, Snowbird designed the coaster entirely on private property that was historically mining claims. Besides being an eyesore, the coaster could cause water quality problems, since developing steep slopes can cause landslides and siltation—so construction on Mt Superior could easily wash toxic mine waste into Salt Lake Valley drinking water. Also, construction would require a waiver on a law prohibiting development on slopes over 30%. In January, the Salt Lake County Planning Commission granted Snowbird preliminary approval for the coaster. Since then, public outcry against the project has been growing. The nonprofit organization Save Our Canyons has appealed the Planning Commission decision and recommends that Snowbird withdraw the application. Salt Lake City Mayor Ralph Becker criticized the County for making a hasty decision and wrote, “I do feel this proposal poses a significant impact to the natural character of Little Cottonwood Canyon and the Wasatch Mountains.” The Salt Lake County Board of Adjustment has postponed a final decision on the project until their meeting on April 13. SAVEOURCANYONS.ORG
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ew of us could possibly relate to being the heir to an ice cream empire known the world over. But even fewer could imagine walking away from guaranteed wealth and a lifetime of being bred to lead a corporation to pursue a higher calling. But that’s exactly what John Robbins did. Born as the only son to the co-founder of Baskin-Robbins, ice cream was a family affair. Robbins’ father and uncle started what developed into the world’s largest ice cream company, amassing a fortune in the process. But along the way, Robbins saw the dire effects unhealthy eating had on his family, along with watching the world around him suffer from the neglect and irresponsible choices of others. So the 1969 Berkeley graduate left his silver-platter life and followed
acclaim for its clarity in explaining topics such as genetic engineering, mass meat production and connecting the health consequences of food choice. Robbins acknowledges we’ve come a long way over the past 10 years. He also believes there’s much more we can do. That’s why the 10th anniversary edition of The Food Revolution (2010) is on shelves now. John Robbins took some time to talk with CATALYST about healthcare costs, taxing junk food and the progress of a “food revolution” a decade later. CATALYST: What made you decide to re-release The Food Revolution? Does a book written 10 years ago still have information that is pertinent today? JR: It’s as true today as it was 10 years ago that the way we eat has
“If we were to eat foods with higher nutrient densities and cancer-protective properties we would have a more affordable, sustainable and effective healthcare system.”
The “food revolution”
10 years later
Baskin-and-Robbins heir John Robbins says understanding the connection between personal and planetary health is more important than ever. BY STEPHANIE CARTER
what he defined as a “choice for integrity.” Robbins embarked on a lifestyle journey in support of healthy eating, well-being and the positive environmental impact of healthy choices. Acclaim came in 1987 with the publication of Diet For a New America, one of the first popular books to make the connection between holistic health and environmentalism. In 2001, Robbins wrote The Food Revolution: How Your Diet Can Help Save Your Life and Our World. He says he wanted to give people a r eference for reliable information regarding food choice, no matter what their diet was. But more important, Robbins wanted to continue to share his dream of “a world where the health of people and the Earth community is more important than the profit margins of any industry, where basic human needs take precedence over corporate greed.” The book was met with high
enormous implications on our personal health and also the greater community. By that I mean the Earth community, the biosphere, the web of life. We are learning increasingly as the years go by about the terrible impact industrial factory farming of animals is having on the environment. We’ve known for a long time, if you want to have a heart attack, eat a lot of fast food hamburgers; eat a lot of ice cream. That will get you there. What we’re learning is if you want to contribute to climate chaos and global warming and have ‘your way of life,’ generate a lot of carbon and other green house gas emissions, it’s not necessary to drive a Hummer; although that will help, but the best way to do that is to eat a lot of meat. CATALYST: In the book you talk about national healthcare and the costs associated with it. What impact can eating better have on this? JR: It’s amazing how much we
Studies have shown that 50-70% of the nation’s healthcare costs are preventable—and the single most effective step most people can do to improve their health is to eat a healthier diet.
â€œWhat would happen if we were to tax white bread and use that revenue to directly subsidize and bring down the cost to the consumer of whole wheat bread? That would be a revenue-neutral solution which would make it cheaper to do the healthier thing for people and help save in healthcare costs substantially in the long run.â€? spend for healthcare in this country and how little we get for it. Itâ€™s not only families and individuals that are feeling the weight of this out-ofcontrol spending, itâ€™s companies, too. GM, before it went bankrupt, was spending so much money for its employeesâ€™ health care that Warrren Buffet called the corporation a health and benefits company with an auto company attached. The cost of healthcare is bankrupting people and companies. Itâ€™s staggering how much this has increased in recent years. And weâ€™re not healthier as a result. In all the heated debate about healthcare reform, one basic fact is rarely discussed, and that is the one thing that could actually bring down healthcare costs while really improving the health of our people. Studies have shown that 50-70% of the nationâ€™s healthcare costs are preventableâ€”and the single most effective step most people can do to improve their health is to eat a healthier diet. If we were to stop overeating, to stop eating unhealthy foods, eating so much processed foods, stop eating added sugars and bad fats, stop deriving our protein so much from animal products, and instead eat foods with higher nutrient densities and cancer-protective properties we would have a more affordable, sustainable and effective healthcare system. Weâ€™d be less dependent on insurance companies, less dependent on doctors and more dependent on our health-giving choices. We donâ€™t build in incentives for it. We often actually build in reverse incentives that are defeating in our efforts to bring down costs and efforts to create a healthier community. Along with this, weâ€™re finding that the same food choices that take such a toll on our health are costing the environment egregiously. CATALYST:How does making healthy food choices apply to lowincome families who cannot afford the higher costs of organic or healthier food? JR: Right now organic and natural foods are more costly. This is a
result not of some natural law, but of the perverse incentives and subsidies that the Department of Agriculture has enacted. And they reflect the massive power of the meat and dairy industry, the processed food industry, the sugar industry and the grocery and manufacturersâ€™ associations, which are really vehicles for the processed food industry. The playing field isnâ€™t level; itâ€™s tilted in the wrong direction. I think we should tilt it the other way. Let me give you an example: What would happen if we were to tax white bread and use that revenue to directly subsidize and bring down the cost to the consumer of whole wheat bread? That would be a revenue-neutral solution which would make it cheaper for people to do the healthier thing. What if we taxed junk food, soda pop and candy bars and used that revenue to bring down the costs of fresh fruits and vegetables? There are so many ways we could do this. We should tax agro-chemicals, particularly pesticide use, and use that revenue to bring down the cost of organic food. Weâ€™d have cleaner air, cleaner water, we would have healthier people. We would have less health erosion, less cancer, fewer birth defects. We would have a healthier world, a healthier environment and happier people. Itâ€™s very, very important that we get these policies in place. Without them, the way we have it now, it is more expensive to do the healthier thing. People who are dealing with serious financial limitations in their life are prevented from eating healthy food. These are the people who are least able to afford medical costs in their lives and who go bankrupt if their children get sick. These are the people who often donâ€™t have health insurance. CATALYST: In the book you comment on the number of changes healthy eating underwent just from the 1980s to the 1990s. Weâ€™ve come a decade since you wrote the book in
Continued on page 15
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IN THE GARDEN
An online match-making service for would-be gardeners BY KATHERINE PIOLI
new kind of community garden is taking root in Salt Lake City. In the last two years, the Internet-supported grassroots gardening network called Sharing Backyards (WWW.SHARINGBACKYARDS.COM), a food-growing project already found in towns across North America, has begun to flourish along the Wasatch Front, thanks to citizen activists and the nonprofit organization Wasatch Community Gardens (WCG). The idea for a local Sharing Backyards occurred simultaneously in the minds of WCG executive director Claire Uno and citizen activist Jim French. French, with
garden. Starting with the idea that some people have space to garden but no time or desire and others the desire but no space, Sharing Backyards works as a matching service. Using a simple Internet-based networking format, Sharing Backyards allows people to post requests online. Enter either “searching for garden space” or “offering garden space” and a symbol, often binoculars or a flower, appears on a Google map of your city in the location of the seeker or sharer. For Uno, Sharing Backyards came at just the right time. “A couple years ago it became clear that w e had a long, long wait for garden
In only one year, French reports, Salt Lake’s Sharing Backyards site has seen more icons posted by seekers and sharers than in Los Angeles. Kimarie Overall and Carole Straughn, had gathered friends together to form the Sustainable Food Action Circle ( WISEREARTH.ORG/GROUPS/SUSTAINABLEFOOD). The gardeners help each other get the work done via barnraising-type gatherings they call “full moon work crews.” Interested in increasing personal, urban-based food production, French toyed with other ideas to help expand the wor k of the Circle. That is when he came across a Sharing Backyards website. Five years ago, volunteers in Victoria, Canada created the program, addressing a conundrum commonly faced by environmentally conscious urban dwellers—a desire for a fresh food, but a lack of space necessary to
plots,” she said. People were waiting three years or more. Uno began looking into the logistics of starting a Sharing type program. Then in 2009, she got a c all from French. He and his group had already formed the website; now they just needed to get the word out. Via their newsletter and with the aid of intern Elizabeth Watson, WCG is helping to spread the news about Sharing. For many new Sharers, the most uncomfortable part about the program is that first “date”—meeting the person with whom you may develop a gardening relationship. So far, responses to Watson’s survey of current Sharing users have shown positive experiences. Carole Straughn, the first Salt
Carole Straughn’s back yard full of collaborative activity
Laker to post a plot on Sharing Backyards, took that step with plan in hand. Prepared with a layout of her summer garden, Straughn posted space online. She was contacted via email and arranged a meeting with Jen, the woman who became her garden sharer last summer. “We met at Chad Midgley’s farmers market that spring,” recalls Straughn. She came to that meeting equipped with an excuse for a fast and polite exit, but never had to use it. “We talked for three hours. Jen was already growing what she could on a postage stamp-sized piece of land. I could see her interest was genuine.” In that initial meeting Jen and Straughn covered all of the important topics recommended for sharers to hash out before trying to work together, helpful guidelines that can now be found through the SHARINGBACKYARDS.COM website. The two women talked about who would provide tools, seeds and water. They talked about an overall vision for the garden and who would put in work and who would use the food. For Straughn and Jen, gardening was a shared effort and so were the rewards. In only one year, French reports, Salt Lake’s Sharing Backyards site has seen more icons posted by seekers and sharers than in Los Angeles. Uno is not surprised—she sees hundreds of people attend Wasatch Community Gardens’ functions and workshops every year. “People want to know where their food comes from. They want to know it is safe, tastes good and has a low carbon footprint.” And for a community that already values cohesiveness, food, says Uno, is another natural way to connect. u For more information and to sign up, visit WWW.SHARINGBACKYARDS.COM.
More on the Sustainable Food Action Circle This neighborly group meets in homes on second Fridays throughout the gardening season to share victories and setbacks on the local sustainable food scene and plan their next Full Moon work project. Core members include Doug Stark, founder of Holladay Community Garden; Kathy Albury, manager of First Unitarian gardens; Kay Robison, gardener extraordinaire and activist in the People’s Market; Carole Straughn, a founding member; Jim French, who is turning his yard into food on Harvard Ave. while working for a home energy efficiency company, and Danielle Brown, leader among Earth spirituality groups. The garden gang leader is Kimarie Overall, organic gardener and spiritual guru. “The first Full Moon work crew was February 2010 when 27 people gathered at my house to lay down a foot-thick sheet of mulch (aka lasagna garden) 15 x 20 feet,” recalls Carole Straughn. “People brought manure from a horse farm in Bountiful, two loads of compost from the Salt Lake County landfill and vegetable kitchen scraps. They brought their own tools and an appetite for my homemade pizza.” Other projects that year included spreading manure on plots at Holladay Community Gardens, a tomato-canning party at Kay Robison’s, building raised beds and clearing brush at a new home garden in Sandy, picking five apple trees that would otherwise go to waste, weeding raised beds at Dual Immersion Academy, and filling raised beds at the First Unitarian veggie garden. “We are looking for more opportunities to help people start their gardens,” says Straughn. Contact them at the Sustainable Food Action Circle at WISEREARTH.ORG/GROUP/SUSTAINABLEFOOD
INTERVIEW: JOHN ROBBINS Continued from page 13 “The disruption to our food supply chains will be such an issue in the future that I think we’ll need a Department of Homegrown Security.” 2001: What changes have you seen in that period of time? JR: On the dark side, dark in the sense that I consider it ver y unfortunate, we’ve seen a growth in genetically engineered food. These foods have not been tested for their health impact on human beings. We know they represent environmental dangers. But it is certainly disconcerting to anyone who is concerned for human health. We are flooding the human food supply with novel food products that are unlike anything seen in nature. On the other hand, of promise to me is that we’re learning. There is a growth in awareness. We’ve had a lot of documentaries from Super Size Me to Food Inc. There’s a whole lot of them: Eric Schlosser and Michael Pollan’s work have reached a lot of people. It’s so simple, really. One thing we need to do is eliminate—I think w e should criminalize, frankly—food companies that target kids with ads that are trying to sell junk food to them. We shouldn’t feed our kids junk food; and we shouldn’t allow corporate predators to prey on their unformed or still forming psyches for commercial purposes at the expense of their health. CATALYST: In the book you write, “If you’re going to be a voice for the future, you can’t be a creature of the current fads.” Is food consciousness becoming more popular and more of a “fad”? JR: Fads come and go. But when people try something and they genuinely feel better, they lose the weight that they were carrying around unhappily but didn’t know how to drop, their skin improves, their breathing improves, their joints feel better, they have more energy, they sleep better, their sex life improves, their senses are more awake they have a feeling of happiness in their hearts—they get all these benefits because they’re more in tune with their own natures and their eating in a way that’s healthier for them. It may have been participating in a fad that got them ther e, but once they have that kind of experience, they want it to grow; they want to build on it. Eating healthy, whether it’s a vegan diet or some other form of plant-based healthy nutrition, is an
unstoppable force once people start to do it. The problem is that in many places in this country it is easier to get a candy bar or cigar ettes than it is to find an apple or an orange. Or fresh broccoli. CATALYST: Given some time, could there be a shift in attitude similar to what happened with big tobacco companies? JR: The average piece of food in the U.S. has traveled 1,500 miles. That’s not sustainable. It never really was. I think the disruption to our food supply chains will be such an issue in the future that we’ll need a Department of Homegrown Security. I’m not saying everyone has to become a vegetarian. But I am saying we need to collectively and individually derive our protein more from plants and nutrients from plant-based sources. Eat plantstrong diets. Eat far less meat. Eat less industrialized food and more locally grown food. Eat less pesticide-laden food and more organically grown food. Our food supply system right now is based on very, very long supply chains. That made sense economically in the era of cheap oil. Those days are numbered. Those long supply chains are going to become increasingly expensive and increasingly vulnerable. CATALYST: How long will it take to complete this shift? You talk about the power of the individual; how do we make that shift with politicians, with the people in charge? JR: The more people we reach, the stronger the call for good food and for policies that support a healthy society. Gradually, the politicians themselves and the people in major corporate positions will feel the tug as well. But the tug of money is ver y strong and many people make choices around money they sometimes regret. We need to balance our financial well being with recognition that we are also spiritual beings—we have feelings and hearts and dreams and aspirations and a need to contribute to the well being of others. Only when we become more ‘whole’ people are we then less distracted by—and have far less of a tendency to get addicted to— trivial and unhealthy things. u Stephanie Carter is a lover of both the written word and ice cream–neither of which she’ll ever give up.
Avenues Yoga is pleased to welcome
Steve Emmerman & Talya Ring for a special weekend of workshops
Nourishing Your Spirit Steve Emmerman experienced Forrest Yoga’s powerful healing gifts firsthand: His dedication to the practice mended the devastating effects of a neck injury incurred at age 15, and awakened him to a rare and precious depth of feeling he hadn’t previously known. Steve introduces fun and playfulness to gently bring his students face to face with their challenges. Talya Ring fell in love with Forrest Yoga because it provides a safe and enticing arena within which to explore and express repressed emotions, enabling a deeper relation with Spirit. She draws from her years of study with Ana Forrest as well as a variety of spiritual teachers based in Native & Toltec traditions.
May 13-15, 2011 Session 1 Moving from Stuck to Spaciousness (asana + meditation) ~ Friday 7-9:30pm Session 2 Child’s Play ~ Saturday 11:30-1:30pm (asana) Session 3 The Healing Power of Touch Saturday 3:30-5:30pm (asana + assists clinic) Session 4 Feeding Your Heart Sunday noon-3:00pm (asana + closing ceremony) Full weekend: $175 ~ Student price: $150 Details: www.avenuesyoga.com
Building wooden bases for 3 ft. x 6 ft. raised beds
Size matters A 3 ft. by 6 ft. raised bed system beats a 4x8 on several counts
ver the years, my wife, Pat, and I have tried several gardening methods in a number of locations. We continually refine our approach as we learn from friends and neighbors, from books and from the garden itself. Plants aren’t the only things that grow. We’ve grown large sprawling gardens with long, straight rows in the fertile floodplain of a midwestern creek. We’ve planted in patches in woodland clearings and among the scrub oak, sagebrush and boulders in the Rocky Mountain highlands (at an elevation of 6,500 feet). We’ve gardened on university campuses and at elementary schools in urban
BY FRED MONTAGUE areas. We’ve grown garden plants on apartment windowsills and balconies in containers and in cold frames and greenhouses. Gardeners should try various layouts and approaches. Every situation is unique: climates, settings, soils are different; gardening objectives are different; and personal preferences are—personal. If we were to begin a garden (in any temperate climate location) to grow food for a small family and w e had a small garden area (say 15 ft. x15 ft.), I would use 3 ft. x 6 ft. raised beds. Here’s why: • The beds are just the right size for human beings and humble tools.
Soil for raised beds
he beds I suggest are mostly a means to delineate a growing space and to provide a level foundation for screened structures to protect plants. Therefore, if one makes bed frames that are about eight inches high (from 2x8's), and if you dig them two inches or so into the ground, you would simply cultivate the soil within the bed and, presto, there’s the soil. In this way, all of the compost that is added to the bed stays in the bed, and, over time, the soil becomes better and better. The gardener can continue to add soil and organic matter to the bed as it becomes available. If the soil within the bed frame is cultivated deeply (about 18 inches) and if it is of good texture (loam) then it’s ready to plant—no need for additional soil, even if it doesn’t reach the top of the frame. If it is too sandy (too well-drained) or has too much clay (poorly drained), then add a generous amount of compost (from the compost pile, purchased aged horse manure in bulk from riding stables, or bagged compost from garden centers or building supply stores). If one desires higher beds (like one to two feet tall) then soil will need to be acquired. First choice is free, clean topsoil from somewhere else on the property or from a trusted friend with clean soil. Second option is to purchase topsoil from a respected garden center. Third option is to purchase from a contractor, excavating company or other commercial enterprise. Check the classified ads, the phone directory or the Internet (KSL.COM’s classifieds, in particular). Unless one is gardening on a concrete or asphalt driveway, there's no need for such a high bed. They dry out very quickly in this region.
The longest reach (to the center) is 18 inches. We never need to step in the growing area. As a result, the heaviest equipment we need to till or work the bed is a hand cultivator. • The beds are raised, discrete, well-behaved (contained) and independent of the site’s native soil. If the local soil has poor texture, low fertility, poorly drainage, or is contaminated, the soil in the bed can be the very best we can acquire. On the other hand, if the native soil is good, the bed will make it better. • The beds are level—because we set them that way, even on moderately sloping ground. And there’s a modest rim all around the bed’s planting area. Therefore, when we water, the water spreads evenly over the bed. The mulch, soil and seeds stay in place and don’t wash away. We can add two critical functions if we make simple wooden frames to fit these beds: • The frames can be covered with UV-resistant clear plastic film or panels. Then the beds may be temporarily converted to cold frames to warm them in the early spring and begin the growing season early. Likewise, in the fall these frames extend the growing season beyond the first frost—and maybe into winter. • The frames can be covered with insect screen, shade cloth, hardware cloth or poultry netting to protect your plants from one or more of the following: balls, children, animals, frost, hail and insects (transient “pests”).
• If you plan to have several raised beds, make the bases all the same size (36 in. x 72 in. outside dimensions) so that all the additional components (screened frames, frame tops, etc.) are interchangeable from bed to bed. • Use sturdy, sound boards—2x6’s, 2x8’s, 2x10’s and/or 2x12’s. The actual dimensions of these lumberyard boards are 1.5 in. x 5.5 in., 1.5 in. x 7.5 in., 1.5 in. x 9.5 in. and 1.5 in. x 11.5 in., respectively. Don’t use 2x4’s (not enough bed depth) or thinner boards (they will bow outwards). Use salvaged redwood or cedar boards from old decks or fences. If these are not available, use standard fir or pine framing lumber purchased at a building supply store or a building material recycling center. You may be able to salvage boards from construction sites (with permission). I wouldn’t use treated lumber, railroad ties or landscape timbers. They are all pressure-treated with various “soil poisons.” No toxics. • To assemble the base of a 3x6 bed you will need the following: 2 end pieces, each 36 in. long 2 side pieces, each 69 in. long. Use 3-in. nails or deck screws to assemble the base. Pre-drill the holes to prevent splitting the boards. The nails (or screws) pin the frame together; however, they will eventually work themselves out, and the corners of the base will begin to come apart. To keep the fasteners in place and the corners tightly joined, make four corner brackets from a piece of galvanized roof flashing or galvanized rectangular ductwork. Cut these brackets as shown here with tin snips. Be sure to trim the brackets’ dangerously sharp corners. Attach the brackets with truss screws. • Unless you just love to paint or stain interminably, don’t. Painting may actually cause more rapid rotting of the boards by trapping moisture inside them. Besides, there is a natural and earthy dignity in well-weathered lumber. • These bases won’t last forever, but they might last for eight to 20 years. If the cost of one base is $20 (from purchased lumber), then the
cost per year over 10 years is $2. • Once the bed is assembled, set it in place and level it. Fill it with soil enriched with compost (see sidebar). Fill bed to its top. Water the soil until it is saturated. When the soil has drained, settled and is “moist-crumbly” (1-2 days), plant it. • An area just 11 ft. x 11 ft. could accommodate four 3x6 beds and a small water feature. An area 6 ft. x 13 ft. accommodates three beds. There are many bed combinations and arrangements to fit nearly any space—large or small. And, beds can be added year-by-year as the garden grows.
Building screened frames and tops for 3’x6’ beds If there are no hazards to protect your plants from, don’t build these. If, however, certain animals and weather conditions add an element of risk and reaction to your gardening experience, these structures ensure a graceful coexistence. • Screened frames are “cages” that are 3 ft. x 6 ft. and one , two or three feet high. Start with a frame 2 in. high. Here’s what you’ll need: 4 2x2’s 72 in. long 5 2x2’s 33 in. long 4 2x4’s 21 in. long 2 2x2’s 21 in. long • Refer to the illustration for the assembly plan. Use 3-in. deck screws and pre-drill all holes. Make 1-in.-wide corner brackets for all joints. • Once the frame is assembled (including brackets) cover all four sides with your choice of: insect screen ($$), shade cloth ($$), ¼ in. or ½ in. hardware cloth ($$$) or poultry netting (chicken wire) ($). • Every screened frame will need a top. Assemble the top from 2x2s according to the illustration. Use 3-in. deck screws; pre-drill all holes; make and attach corner brackets; cover with screen material. Don’t attach this top to the screened frame with hinges—you may need it somewhere else. • Build the greenhouse top. Cut the end arches from scrap plywood and use a clear plastic greenhouse panel flexed and fastened over the arches. Fred Montague tops our list of alltime favorite U of U biology professors. His epic “Gardening: An Ecological Approach,”is the only gardening book you willl ever need (and a work of art, to boot). Available at WWW.MOUNTAINBEARINK.COM
Illustration by Fred Montague
IN THE GARDEN
Gardening from the ground up
Healthy plants come from well-fed soil
et’s dish dirt, shall we? I mean the real thing. The stuff that shows up as muddy paw prints on your newly washed kitchen floor or, if you’re in a life welllived as a gardener, under your finger nails. Soil is truly a work of natural artistry and fine cooking: Start with a large portion of rocks broken down through climate changes, chemical weathering and leaching, vegetation, living organisms and movement; mix in the leftovers of those previously living beings— both plant and animal—and add water and air. Allow to break down and recombine. The result is topsoil, good for growing a wide array of plants and trees, and offering a cozy home for worms, insects and thousands of microorganisms. The subsoil beneath it is an intermingling of topsoil and mineral matter from weathered rock. These two layers are crucial for healthy root growth. When either or both of these are disturbed or removed, plants suffer through the loss of vital nutrients. Almost everything vegetation requires is contained in dirt. Only carbon and nitrogen come from water or the atmosphere, and nitrogen must mix with complex chemicals for the plant to absorb it. The point is we should be nice to our yard dirt. If your yard has been neglected for a while, the time has come to acquaint yourself with the soil at your feet.
Spring preparations Right now your top garden priority is the soil. If you have an established plot, it’s a matter of clean-up and checking to see what is poking its head up. Carefully uncover any emerging flowers or bushes. The debris goes straight into the compost. Toss those hardy weeds in there, too. If you’re converting a section of
Kentucky blue grass into a plantable plot, preferably with vegetables or native species, remove the grass either by hand or with a mechanical sod stripper. I amused the men across the street a few years ago as they watched me barely maneuver the sod stripper while they built a house. It takes some finesse, especially if you’re vertically challenged, but it works and I now have a slightly overgrown xeriscaped section of former lawn in my front yard. The sod is good for composting or for use elsewhere if you still crave nonnative grass. It’s also possible to rototill the grass into the soil. Prepare for more weeding for a while, though.
Shake hands with your dirt Seriously. Pick up a handful of dr y earth and squish it. Pick up another clump from elsewhere in the yard. Think about how they both feel. Here’s what you can learn: Sandy soil: Feels gritty. Falls apart when rolled into a ball. Really sandy soil is too porous for many plants. Clay soil: Soil with lots of clay will stick together just like potter’s clay. Clay absorbs the water rather than letting it pass through. Silty soil: Feels silky, powdery. Between sandy and clay in texture. Loamy soil: Is a mixture of all of these. We like loam. The texture indicates the size of pore spaces, an important factor when considering air and water flow. A balanced combination of various textures provides the basic food your plants crave: minerals (further consisting of sand, silt and clay), organic matter, moisture and air.
Mud pies for grownups University of Utah Professor Fred Montague, author of Gardening: An Ecological Approach (Mountain Bear Ink, 2009) calls this:
BY KAY DENTON
Mud Shake 1. Take one-cup samples of soil from several different sections of the garden. 2. Dig down three to 10 inches to scoop up relatively dry dirt. 3. Mix the contents together in a bucket, pulverizing any clumps. 4. Fill a quart jar half full with the mixture and add water to cover the soil by an inch. 5. Also add a few drops of spot-free dishwashing liquid. 6. Cover the jar and shake vigorously. 7. Set the jar aside for a week or so to let gravity do its work. The sand and gravel will settle to the bottom, followed by the silt, and finally the clay. You’re ready for analysis when the water above the clay is clear. Once the soil has separated into its constituent parts, it’s time for measuring everything: the height of the total sample, then the height of each component. Determine the percentage each particular soil type contributes to the whole. Finally, compare your results to the USDA triangle (see sidebar). For example, if your results include 20% clay, 60% sand and 80% silt, your soil type is sandy loam. You can also test your soil with a kit from the Utah State University/
USDA Cooperative Extension in Salt Lake County. The Extension can also give nutrient advice based on intended use (growing vegetables or xeriscaping, for example).
Amendments and composting tips Amendments are anything added to the soil to make it more conducive for plant growth. Compost is one amendment that can be mixed directly with your soil or with other ingredients for a more robust formula. Shredded leaves, grass clippings and other plant matter can be composted in piles or rotatable bins. If you lack time and/or space to compost, there are alternatives. EcoScraps, based in Provo, collects vegetable and fruit scraps from grocery stores and distribution centers and turns it into compost. You can use this compost straight-up or mix it with other amendments. EcoScraps sells under the Harvest Plenty label and can be found at Western Garden Centers, Traces, Paradise Palm and elsewhere. Learn more: ECOSCRAPS.NET. Oakdell Family Farms, the egg people from Cache Valley, produces the first Rodale-certified organic compost manufactured in Utah. The poultry manure-based product is available at Traces in Sugar House, Harmons, IFA and other retailers. (CATALYST’s garden is being nourished with Oakdell compost this season; Greta will let us know how the garden grows.) Manure—horse, steer and chicken are the most common types available —is a great amendment if you take care. Lauren Springer, author of Waterwise Gardening. (Prentice Hall Gardening, 1994) recommends buying manure that is at least one y ear old (less smell and not as likely to burn the plants) and obtained from a barnyard lot rather than a feedlot (fewer weed seeds). You can mix it directly into the soil, add it to y our
compost pile or combine it with commercial compost. If it’s necessary to import topsoil, look for a good mix of soil and compost. Top Soil Plus includes sandy loam, composted forest products, peat and aggregates (shale and volcanic pumice). It’s made by Miller Blue Ribbon in Hyrum. Western Garden Centers and Millcreek Gardens carry it.
Coffee time in the garden What about the pH level? Good question. The pH of a soil refers to its alkalinity or acidity, or the quantity of hydrogen ions contained in it. This matters because plant roots soak up nutrients based on soil moisture. You can purchase a soil testing kit from most garden centers or you can bet your soil needs some acid. See, the less precipitation, the less the organic build-up and the higher the alkaline nature of the soil. Eastern states need lime to offset their acidity, but we can expect to add a little more acidity to our garden plots. Coffee grounds and tea leaves are sometimes overlooked as soil additives, but the acid they supply is just right for our alkaline soils. Place them in your compost pile, mix with commercial compost, or combine with the top few inches of y our soil near the plants. Coffee and tea shops often share their spent grounds and tea leaves with customers.
Mulch, mulch, mulch After amending the soil and planting or germinating the vegetation you want, mulching becomes the next important step. Its moisture-retaining function is most critical in our climate. Mulch also reduces weeds and soil compaction, keeps plants clean, decreases nighttime soil heat loss, offers habitat for beneficial invertebrates (beetles, spiders), and can add some beauty to your garden. Fred Montague suggests straw, which is relatively inexpensive ($2$4/bale) and provides an additional benefit over other mulch by reflecting sunlight back up to the plants. Springer, however, cautions that straw may contain seeds, in which case you will have long blades of oat grass. Don’t worry; they are easily removed and composted. Shredded leaves and pine needles are both good mulches and readily available. The Salt Lake County landfill also sells mulch for $30/load (approx. three yards). It is much better
mulch that it was a few y ears ago; if you had a bad experience, you might try again. For information on the hows and whys of composting: WWW.SLVLANDFILL.SLCO.ORG. Montague advises against the once-popular black (or clear) plastic film, tar paper, asphalt shingles and landscape fabric. They’re just not natural. * * * *
There, I’ve leveled with you. Now you, too, have the lowdown on some really good dirt. Pass it on. Kay Denton writes and gardens in Salt Lake City. She is a longtime Catalyst contributor.
Resources Diamond Rentals: sod stripper, rototiller, jack hammer Utah State University Cooperative Extension/Salt Lake County: EXTENSION.USU.EDU/SALTLAKE, 801-468-3177 Salt Lake Valley Landfill (compost), WWW.SLVLANDFILL.SLCO.ORG
Sources for grounds & leaves Greenhouse Effect, 3231 South 900 East, 801-466-3273. NoBrow Coffee, 315 East Broadway, 801-364-3448. Call the day before to ensure enough for you to pick up. Salt Lake Roasting Company, 210 East 400 South (Library) and 320 East 400 South, 801-363-7572. Bring your own bucket. Tea Grotto, 2030 South 900 East, 801466-8255. Come by, or they can call you to let you know when tea leaves are available.
Pull out & save!
2011 UTAH VEGETABLE PLANTING GUIDE sponsored by
For What Grows Here 550 S. 600 E., Salt Lake City 9201 S. 1300 E., Sandy 4050 W. 4100 S., West Valley
Courtesy of Utah State University Extension, WWW.EXTENSION.USU.EDU
âˆš plan âˆš start seeds âˆš interplant âˆš companion-plant âˆš water âˆš thin âˆš weed âˆš trellis âˆš add compost âˆš mulch
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âˆš harvest âˆš admire âˆš turn compost pile âˆš keep a garden journal âˆš succession-plant
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ROOTED IN YOUR COMMUNITY, HARVESTED FOR YOUR TABLE.
THE INTUITIVE LIFE
“Latest casualty figures for March 11 quake, tsunami” (Kyodo News, March 27) “Japan Races To Stop Further Radiation” (Reuters, March 19 ) “Radiation anxiety weighs on tsunami survivors” (Associated Press Mar 25)
eople cope with anguishing world events in various ways. Some obsessively watch the news, with no idea of what to do next. Some avoid emotionally unbearable news. Others find solace in believing an outside entity is at play; “God’s Hand? 44% of Americans See Natural Disasters as Sign of End Times,” heralded LIVESCIENCE.COM, citing recent US polls. Many address personal and global grief through their donations of time or money to relief workers and agencies.
“Deepak Chopra leads meditation webcast” (UK Independent, March 21) “Labyrinth walk in prayer for Japan.”(Bahamas Weekly, March 23).
A part of the community reacts in a less tangible way, addressing the more spiritual and psychic realms of understanding. Jean LaSarre Gardner, Buddhist meditation instructor and co-owner of Salt Lake City’s Red Lotus School of Movement, describes what the sanga (congregation) of Salt Lake’s Urgyen Samten Ling Gonpa Tibetan Buddhist Temple did. In its usual practice, after the Japan and Libyan upheavals, members generated prayers and a Buddhist practice called Tonglen for areas of the world needing particular healing. “Tonglen is sometimes called the practice of ‘giving and taking,’” Gardner explains. “Specifically, we generate compassion by taking on the suffering of others: We breathe in and visualize their suffering entering into our heart center in the form of black smoke. There it is transformed into healing light. Then
re·ac·tor – noun
US Navy Diver Sam Burgett photograph by Greta Belanger deJong
1. a person or thing that reacts or undergoes reaction. 2. Electricity—a device whose primary purpose is to introduce reactance into a circuit. 3. Immunology—a patient or animal that reacts positively towards a foreign material. 4. Physics—an apparatus in which a nuclear-fission chain reaction can be initiated, sustained and controlled, for generating heat or producing useful radiation. 5. Chemistry—a large container, as a vat, for processes in which the substances involved undergo a chemical reaction. Synonyms: activator, catalyst excerpted from DICTIONARY.COM Random House, Inc. 2011
we generate loving-kindness by giving this healing light as we breathe out and visualize this light transforming suffering into happiness and peace.” The ideas of transmuting energy as a form of relief and of interpreting even highly negative events as platforms for future, constructive developments are natural to those on the cutting edge of a larger human realization. We could think of these people as energy workers, psychic workers or spiritual workers. Sometimes we call them visionaries. They are the people who understand that accessing different planes of awareness—global, earth, universal consciousness—is another path toward positive evolution in a shifting world. They believe individuals are more than just a physical construct, a belief for which supporting evidence is accumulating. In essence, each human being is comprised of a conscious energetic field that creates the perception of the physical body and surroundings. Each also interconnects to the web of the mass consciousness, a quantum field of sorts, and thus all other individuals. Information and energy
Anyone who’s had a precognitive flash will understand the efficacy of energetic and psychic information. Others might be leery to believe that there is a way to work beyond the physical boundaries. And yet, science continually finds evidence for what mystics have said throughout history.
exchange is available from not only this larger body of perception, but from all other types of sentient intelligences too, such as that of the planet and other parallel planes of nonphysical existence.
Shifts happen Utahn Teal Scott is one who takes this larger view. An “indigo child” who is now in her 20s and coming into her own as a spiritual counselor, Scott agrees that these are times of challenging shifts, as have been predicted for centuries. Even disturbing-looking changes are not necessarily bad for individuals, the species or the planet. “To people living in subjective reality, however, these are often seen as negative. Humans worldwide are vibrationally aligned with fear. You can deliberately control the way that you think about events such as natural disasters so as to not be a match to their destructive aspect.” Citizen spiritual activist Craig Thygerson believes doomsday reactivity is the antithesis of a lar ger, more balanced understanding of when good can come from bad. “What matters individually is how we use the experience to make things just a bit better.” Activists have been working to reshape approaches to problems on a more holistic, inclusive level. There is beauty in generating a wider awareness on issues such as changing our energy technologies to more Earthhealthy processes. Horary astrologer (and CATALYST cofounder) Victoria Fugit, who lives in Moab, agrees. She expects that after the nuclear crisis broke, every energy healer on the planet was working on it. She knows that energy workers can transmute harmful energy, but she questions whether it is always helpful, from a larger perspective, to solve problems that way. “Shouldn’t we wait till a greater groundswell wants to rebalance? We don’t think about how ethical it is to build a nuclear power plant on the ocean, on a tectonic plate, near people, in the first place. We don’t get that our heavy investment in technology is so out of
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THE INTUITIVE LIFE
balance with nature.”
Message to All People Around the World, from the Water Messenger Please send your prayers of love and gratitude to water at the nuclear plants in Fukushima, Japan! By the massive earthquakes of Magnitude 9 and surreal massive tsunamis, more than 10,000 people are still missing…even now… It has been 16 days already since the disaster happened. What makes it worse is that water at the reactors of Fukushima Nuclear Plants started to leak, and it’s contaminating the ocean, air and water molecule of surrounding areas. Human wisdom has not been able to do much to solve the problem, but we are only trying to cool down the anger of radioactive materials in the reactors by discharging water to them. Is there really nothing else to do? I think there is. During over 20 years’ research of hado measuring and water crystal photographic technology, I have been witnessing that water can turn positive when it receives pure vibration of human prayer no matter how far away it is. Energy formula of Albert Einstein, E=MC2 really means that Energy = number of people and the square of people’s consciousness. Now is the time to understand the true meaning. Let us all join the prayer ceremony as fellow citizens of the planet earth. I would like to ask all people, not just in Japan, but all around the world to please help us to find a way out the crisis of this planet!! Please say the following phrase: “The water of Fukushima Nuclear Plant, we are sorry to make you suffer. Please forgive us. We thank you, and we love you.” Please say it aloud or in your mind. Repeat it three times as you put your hands together in a prayer position. Please offer your sincere prayer. Thank you very much from my heart. With love and gratitude, Masaru Emoto Author, The Message of Water EMOTOPEACEPROJECT.BLOGSPOT.COM
Focused meditations, using creative visualizations of sending healing and comfort, were Fugit’s choice in how to personally respond when initially overwhelmed by the news of Japan’s earthquake and tsunami. Having always had a close connection with the Japanese people, she pictured them in traditional colorful dress and in their gardens, and then visualized a big Buddha over the whole island. “We can all do this. Everyone has a gift with energy. People can do energy visualizations, work with energy spirits, God, or the Virgin Mary—however they sense it best.” Her affinity with nature has meant her most effective visualizations use nature spirits to transmute energy, which she calls Devas—representations of the life force that sustains all existence, in a form that makes it easier for her t o envision the movement of energy. An email spurred Todd Mangum, MD, of Salt Lake City’s Web of Wellness Center, to apply all his psychic healing abilities toward the nuclear breakdown in March. While in a mountain jungle of Costa Rica, he received a request, in strange sync, from a friend living in Okinawa. US Navy Diver Sam Burgett, concerned for his Japanese neighbors in Fukushima Dai-Ichi to the north, wrote to Mangum via the wellness center’s email address asking if the two might work together, on an energetic level, over the next few days to see what could be done to help counter widespread fear and stabilize the situation. It was a coincidence that Mangum checked his office email address that day. The next time he sat for deep meditation in the jungle setting, he felt himself go immediately to Burgett’s side. He asked what he could do to help and received a directive to go to one particular core of the reactor. Feeling Sam’s presence assisting him the entire time, he saw himself lean backward over the core. Using a complex meditation he has developed over the last 10 years, he began to weave a geodesic containment dome of light. “It involved a series of yoga positions and fire spinning moves, and used the principles of the five elements, physics and sacred geometry,” he remembers. He had been doing yoga, fire spinning classes and meditation during his Costa Rican retreat, and was astounded to realize that all these tools were available to him for his response. In his visualization, he duplicated the structure over the
other cores. When done, he felt certain his prismatic fields would hold as long as required.
Does it work? Across the world in Japan, Burgett was having almost identical experiences as Mangum. “From my side I saw a geodesic dome made of ir idescent light fibers that formed around the site. Then a huge light serpent came out of the sea and enveloped it in its coils. I was watching this from the air over the site and that’s precisely where Todd said he could feel me, without me ever telling him,” writes Burgett. An experienced meditator, even he was freaked out by what happened. “While I wasn’t aware of Todd as an individual entity, I was aware of an energy flow creating the things I was seeing. The difference between what he and I witnessed was my vision of the giant light serpent. But, who knows—maybe Todd became the serpent and that’s what I saw him as?” What Burgett didn’t know at the time is that the symbol closest to Mangum’s heart (and in fact his personal email name), is the Rainbow Serpent. Anyone who has had a precognitive flash will understand the efficacy of energetic and psychic information. Others perhaps would be leery to believe
Super-charge me: Dr. Mangum’s Meditation Step 1: From the field of infinity and eternity, call in the field of space and time. Mangum sees space as a sphere and time as a double helix. Step 2: Set up the field of the seven directions: north, south, east, west, above, below, within. Step 3: Call in the power of the Mother to nourish us: from Maternal to Matter. Step 4: Call in the power of the Paternal to protect us: from Paternal to Patterns. The patterns are the tetrahedron, hexahedron, octahedron, icosahedron and dodecahedron. Step 5: Call in the five physical forces of nature: gravity, strong nuclear force, weak nuclear force, electromagnetism, love. Step 6: Call in the angels and elementals to assist you in your task.
that there is a way to work beyond the physical boundaries. And yet, science continually finds evidence for what mystics have said throughout history. In an interview with Doug Fabrizio on KUER’s RadioWest last month, physicist and author Brian Greene said the boundaries of reality as we know it now could change; time travel to the future is absolutely possible within the laws of physics. There is strong evidence that black holes exist, but it is not possible to see within the black holes. “Does it exist if we cannot see it? It doesn’t make sense to say it doesn’t.” From her own personal experience, Fugit knows the power of transmuting energy. When faced with undergoing cancer radiation treatment, she felt tremendous fear. In a case where she felt she had little choice, she then decided to make the radiation her friend and work with the energetics of it. Every time she went into the machine, she asked her Deva energies to assist her in reducing any harm and becoming open to the radioactive energy that heals. “I’ve talked to cancer patients who had radiation treatment who think I’m crazy, but I didn’t have any of the side effects people usually get.” To this day, she knows that if energy healing methods worked for her so well, they can work on a larger scale. Gardner adds, “As to whether prayers or energy/psychic practices ‘work’—I saw on the news various individuals in Japan holding up signs that simply read: ‘Thank You For Your Prayers.’ In our greatest times of need, it is always comforting to know that someone in the world is generating prayers, thinking positive thoughts, or sending healing energy in our direction. This is how we connect, at a very deep level, as human beings.” Does applying the metaphysical type of human energies make a difference? Many believe it does. Their willingness to further develop human understanding of what’s possible can make us more confident in what is probable. We consider that current events, instead of being cataclysmic, can become catalytic. We are on the tipping point between contraction and expansion. You can be a catalyst, a human r eactor. Because even if you don’t consider yourself an energy worker, you already are one. u Listen in every other Friday, 8 am, to the top morning show, Radio from Hell, 96.3 FM when popular psychic and author Margaret Ruth is the guest.
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Story and photos By Jane Laird:
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E Omar and manager Melanie Dixon show off a sampler plate which includes Coconut Curry Rice: soaked, sprouted wild rice in young Thai coconut curr y sauce with raisins, pistachios, bell peppers, broccoli and avocado. Falafel Salad: with live tahini dressing and nutseed/spice falafel chips. Hummus: with tahini, sprouted sunflower seeds and almonds.
Contemporary Japanese Dining , 5 . # ( s $ ) . . % 2 s 3 5 3 ( ) s 3 ! + %
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The Healthy Drive-Thru Indulgence Homemade Chai
Locally owned & operated
Triple Certified Fair-trade Organic Coffee Vegetarian & Vegan Goodies
2100 S 266 W, SLC 801-486-0090 www.risingsuncoffee.com
Omarâ€™s Rawtopia Good living through living food
he raw food movement is growing rapidly due to pioneering chefs across the country and Salt Lake Cityâ€™s Omar AbuIsmail is one of them: a young restaurateur exuberantly taking greens and grasses to gourmet levels. His thriving Sugar House eatery, Omarâ€™s Rawtopia, is gaining a national reputation for complex, textured and flavorful dishes that incorporate only organic, unprocessed and uncooked ingredients. Trevor Oswalt, a visitor from Portland, dined there recently. His comment: â€œThe food is spiritualizedâ€”and delicious, too.â€? â€œI prefer the term live foods, not raw foods,â€? Abu-Ismail says. â€œWhat we create here are living foods for the living body.â€? In addition to all that health, Omarâ€™s Rawtopia is testament to the fact that raw foods can be
enjoyed with gourmet presentation and flavor. â€œI am very intuitive about food,â€? he says. His creations incorporate texture, flavor, aroma and sight. â€œIt is artistic and colorful; I call it a rainbow diet.â€? Preparation techniques include dehydration, soaking, sprouting, juicing and blending. The temperature of the foods never goes above 105 degrees, preserving vitamins, amino acids and enzymes from the destruction that comes with heat. Brandie Hardman of Boulder, Utah, is a fan of this restaurant. â€œOmar has masterfully combined health and taste into a unique dining experience,â€? she says. The literally hand-made food takes up to four days to prepare. Water Wellness supplies the distilled water used for washing and drinking. All nuts and seeds used are sproutedâ€”
brought to life and providing more nutrients. Even non-vegetarian diners find the nutritionally balanced dishes appetizing and worth the prices, which range $13-$18 for main dishes and $6-$8 for appetizers. Superfoods play a big role on this menuâ€”goji berry, chia seed, maca root, lucuma, mesquite, carob and Irish moss, infused with the most super food of all, â€œLove. We call it â€˜Peace through Food.â€™ Our intent is to express genuine caring for the people who walk through the door,â€? says Abu-Ismail. Care for the planet, too, with extensive sustainable practices. Abu-Ismailâ€™s mother, Jinan AbuIsmail, is part of the chefâ€™s team that also includes Joscif and Adrien Raigne. It was from Jinan that he developed his love for and knowledge of cooking. After studying geophysics at the University of Utah, Abu-Ismail began working in Hawaii. â€œBeing on an island makes you more in tune with your higher self. I started to realize the importance of fresh, whole, organic food in my diet, due to being clear and away from the noise and chaos of the world. There was a huge shift in my countenance, my body and my energy level. It was so profound that I dedicated myself to eat this way for the rest of my life for the sake of longevity, health, mind, body and spirit.â€? He returned to Utah in 2004 and the following year opened Omarâ€™s Living Cuisine inside of Herbs for Health. Eventually he was able to move to the current larger space in a nearby shopping center. The familylike staff continues to help patrons learn more about raw and living foods. Omar also teaches and gives talks throughout the region. The appeal of Omarâ€™s Rawtopia extends beyond raw foodists, vegans and vegetarians. He says, â€œPeople are grateful for an oasis that nurtures them on every level. We make the most nourishing, flavorful food on the planet.â€? And he said I could quote him on that. â€”Jane Laird
Omarâ€™s Rawtopia 2148 Highland Drive Salt Lake City, UT 84106 Phone: 801-486-0332 Mon-Thurs: noon-8pm Fri-Sat: noon-9pm Closed Sundays Dine in or Take out available WWW.OMARSRAWTOPIA .COM Interested in learning more about the health, environmental and spiritual benefits of living cuisine? Chef Omar Abu-Ismail will teach the Raw Foods class at University of Utah Lifelong Learning, starting May 9. Info: WWW.LIFELONG.UTAH.EDU.
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9th & 9th + 801.532.0777 + wwwPagoSLC.com CaffĂŠ Ibis 52 Federal Ave. Logan. 435-753-4777. CaffĂŠ Ibis, open 7 days a week, is a 30-year-old award winning â€œGreen Businessâ€? in historic downtown Logan. We feature triple certified coffees (organic, fair trade, shadegrown), along with teas and fine chocolates at our espresso bar. The WiFi equipped gallery/deli serves organic ethnic cuisine for breakfast and lunch. WWW.CAFFEIBIS.COM. $, CC, V, TO. CafĂŠ Solstice Cafe Solstice inside Dancing Cranes Imports offers a variety of loose teas, speciality coffee drinks and herbal smoothies in a relaxing atmosphere. Lunch features veggie wraps, sandwiches, salads, soups and more. Our dressings, spreads, salsa, hummus and baked goods are all made in house with love! Enjoy a refreshing Violet Mocha or Mango & Basil smoothie with your delicious homemade lunch. SOLCAFE999@GMAIL .COM. $, CC, V, TO.
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Coffee~Pastries~Deli Sandwiches~Beer Who says you canâ€™t get something for a dollar? Bring your own mug and coffeeâ€™s a buck. Open till Midnight Daily $2.00 Beer Saturdays, $1.50 Thurs
248 EAST 100 SOUTH â€˘ SLC â€˘ 532-3221 5