Issuu on Google+

PROJECT

MONTREAL SAINTE-MARIE

+

PROCESS

SMART CITY SMART COMMUNITY

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN - WINTER 2015


THESIS PROCESS+PROJECT DOCUMENT MONTREAL / SAINTE-MARIE - SMART CITY / SMART COMMUNITY The Royal Danish Academy of Arts School of Architecture Urbanism and Societal Change Winter 2015 Supervisor: Charles Bessard and Deane Simpson Student: 4346, Camilla Siggaard Andersen Camilla@Siggaard-Andersen.dk




INTRODUCTION

CONTENTS 1

1

INTRODUCTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 03 Project Summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 05

2

PROJECT PROGRAM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 07 Sainte-Marie. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 09 Smart Montreal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Montreal 2017 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

3

PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Expo/Post-Expo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 City Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Neighbourhood Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

4

PROJECT PROPOSAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Spatial Program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Project Drawings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Expo Organisation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Model Pictures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

5

PROCESS: SELECTION OF DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

6

REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015



INTRODUCTION

PROJECT SUMMARY

1

The project is located in the neighbourhood of Sainte-Marie, Montreal, under and around the Jacques Cartier Bridge. The main aim of the project has been to minimise the impact of the bridge as a barrier through the local community by re-appropriating the vacant spaces surrounding it. To kick-start this regeneration, the project proposes to stage an event in Sainte-Marie – the Smart City Expo – to create pedestrian infrastructures and anchors of activity, from which the long-term development of an attractive urban fabric can grow. In doing so, the project investigates how elements of different architectural scales, layered over time, can support an organic and sustainable long-term growth. Vision from the initial project program: The main ambition of the project is to give the Montreal neighbourhood Sainte-Marie a defined public place in the heart of the quartier, where the residents are encouraged to meet and exchange ideas of innovation. The vision is to achieve this by using the momentum of the Montreal 2017-celebrations, in combination with the Smart-Montreal movement, to kick-start an urban regeneration of both the local fabric and the local identity.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015



PROJECT PROGRAM

2

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015


OVERVIEW MAP OF MONTREAL


PROJECT PROGRAM

SAINTE-MARIE A BRIEF HISTORY

In Quartier Sainte-Marie, one of the oldest neighbourhoods in Montreal, the ambivalent impacts of large infrastructural systems are very present - both in the appearance of the urban fabric, and in the minds of its residents. During the industrial era, the neighbourhood was among the most densely populated quartiers in Montreal - an environment where the working-class residents lived shoulder-to-shoulder with the factories that employed them. In the second half of the 20th century, the deindustrialisation meant a loss of this activity, as well as the disappearance of the factories as strong social anchors in the community. In continuation of the de-industrialisation, the modernisation of the city required new types of infrastructural upgrades, which in Sainte-Marie was marked by the construction of the Jacques Cartier Bridge (connecting automobile traffic to the States), road expansions and clearances of land for parking areas. These changes were necessary for the city as a whole, but at the local level they fragmented Sainte-Marie’s identity and physical environment. Today, SainteMarie is one of the lowest density neighbourhoods in central Montreal and vast areas of land are characterised as underutilised or vacant, especially along the post-industrial riverfront and surrounding the bridge.

2

SAINTE-MARIE JACQUES CARTIER BRIDGE DOWNTOWN

MOUNTAIN MONT-ROYAL

RIVERFRONT

1:250.000

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




POPULATION DEVELOPMENT SAINTE-MARIE 1850-2013 The graph shows Sainte-Marie’s Golden Era during the industrialisation, and the extreme postindustrial decline. Montreal’s attempt to breathe new life into the neighbourhood, (marked by the construction of the CBC Tower) has not had any evident impact on the population development. However, the urban regeneration schemes which have been carried out in the previous decade have begun to increase the attractiveness of the neighbourhood again.

80.000 PPL 16.000 PPL

INDUSTRIALISATION

1850

TRANSPORT

HOMEOWNERS

BY CAR

EMPLOYMENT

DE-INDUSTRIALISATION AND MODERNISATION

1900

1930

1941

BUSINESS

"ARTS, CULTURE, SPORTS AND LEISURE"

"CULTURAL"

36.555

HOUSING

AVERAGE

CBC TOWER TELECOMMUNICATION CENTRE

INCOME

100.000 PPL

EDUCATION

UNIVERSITY DEGREES

OPENING OF JACQUES CARTIER BRIDGE

AGE

15-34 YEAR OLDS

REGENERATION

2013

1973

Source: Écomusée du Fier Monde, summer 2014 / Graphic representation by author

CURRENT DEMOGRAPHICS SAINTE-MARIE EAST (OF PAPINEAU AVENUE) / MONTREAL

Compared to the average for Montreal, Sainte-Marie has a high percentage of people employed in creative industries and of businesses working within a cultural field. The neighbourhood is also vaguely branded as ”Pôle de Création”, meaning ”Creative Hub”, in an attempt to attract

 





 

Source: Ville-Marie, Programme Particulier d’urbanisme, January 2012 / Graphic representation by author







 



































more of this sector. This recent development is both interesting, and very promising.

 


PROJECT PROGRAM

REDEVELOPMENT PLANS

In 2012, the concurrent mayor of Ville-Marie signed a report (Programme Particulier d’Urbanisme) commenting on the state and action plan for Sainte-Marie. The report focuses on redeveloping the public domains to improve usability of arteries, as well as on improving the environment that frames the streets. In order to achieve this, the report seeks to optimise the potential of the high presence of creative industries, by promoting both the economic and cultural benefits of this sector.

2

  é’éé ’é

  é’é é.

  éé’é

Source: ”Programme Particulier d’Urbanisme, Quartier Sainte-Marie”; Ville-Marie, January 2012 Graphic representation by author.

"

LE QUARTIER SAINTE-MARIE SE DISTINGUE PAR LA QUALITÉ DE SA DESSERTE EN TRANSPORTS COLLECTIFS, SA DIVERSITÉ CULTURELLE GRANDISSANTE, SON OFFE VARIÉE EN ÉQUIPEMENTS COLLECTIFS ET INSTITUTIONNELS. AUJOURD’HUI, IL EST PLUS QUE JAMAIS NÉCESSAIRE D’EXPLOITER CES ATTRAITS POUR FAIRE DU SECTEUR UN MILIEU DE VIE RECHERCHÉ, ATTIRE DE NOUVEAUX RÉSIDANTS ET REVITALISER HARMONIEUSEMENT CE QUARTIER CENTRAL DE MONTRÉAL.

GÉRALD TREMBLAY / MAYOR OF MONTREAL 2002-2012 VILLE MARIE, PROGRAMME PARTICULIER D’URBANISME, JANUARY 2012

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




PICTURES OF A SPLIT NEIGHBOURHOOD

SAINTE-CATHERINE STREET 200 METERS WEST OF THE JACQUES CARTIER BRIDGE

SAINTE-CATHERINE STREET 50 METERS EAST OF THE JACQUES CARTIER BRIDGE




PROJECT PROGRAM

WESTERN SAINTE-MARIE/EASTERN SAINTE-MARIE

When Montreal build the Jacques Cartier bridge in 1930, the foundations were established with little regard to the existing environment, and several housing blocks were demolished and their working-class residents expropriated. The vacant lots the result of the housing demolitions - created a gap in the natural street life, which was further challenged by the masses of cars exiting the bridge onto the surrounding roads. This, and the limited number of pathways left beneath the bridge, separated the once tight-knit neighbourhood into an east and a west side. The separation has been reinforced by the uneven development of the neighbourhood’s two sides, ever since.

2

During the last fifteen years, the western part of Sainte-Marie has benefitted from the reuse of vacant industrial buildings, as well as from the revitalisation of the neighbouring Quartier Latin in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s. Unfortunately, this development has not yet reached the neighbourhood east of the bridge (below Ontario Street).The two images on the opposite page, testifies to this statement. The captions are no more than 250 meters apart, taken on the same road but looking in different directions. This project seeks to dissolve the impact of the bridge as a barrier in the natural street life, in order to lessen the differences between the two sides of the neighbourhood. To repair this rift, it seeks to turn the current “no-man’s space” under the bridge, into an “every-man’s place”, so the people of Sainte-Marie can come together where now they are kept apart.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




"

LE PONT JACQUES CARTIER MARQUE PHYSIQUEMENT L’ENTRÉE DANS LE QUARTIER SAINTE-MARIE. IL EST VENU CRÉER UNE COUPURE. CETTE RUPTURE EST ENCORE BIEN PERCEPTIBLE AUJOURD’HUI ET CONSTITUE UN DES ENJEUX RELIÉS AU DÉVELOPPEMENT DE CE SECTEUR.

VILLE MARIE, PROGRAMME PARTICULIER D’URBANISME, JANUARY 2012




PROJECT PROGRAM

CONCLUSION

Sainte-Marie is a neighbourhood which, in spite of its close proximity to the centre of Montreal, has suffered from economic, demographic and social stagnation throughout several decades. Today, the quality of life in the neighbourhood suffers from vast areas of underused land, and from the negative impact of large infrastructural elements such as the Jacques Cartier Bridge.The city of Montreal has decided to revitalise the area by focusing on the presence of a creative community and by improving public spaces and public facilities. The research in this project has identified a set of seven spatial goals that are important to ensure this revitalisation. These are presented in the graph at the bottom of this page.

2

GOALS FOR A REVITALISATION OF SAINTE-MARIE

    

   

      

      

 

            





 











 



 



 

        

 





 



Graphic representation by author.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




"

CE PROJET AMBITIEUX DE VILLE INTELLIGENTE ET NUMÉRIQUE SAURA TIRER PARTI DES NOUVELLES TECHNOLOGIES MAIS, AVANT TOUT, IL PUISERA DANS L’INTELLIGENCE COLLECTIVE POUR CRÉER UN MODÈLE SPÉCIFIQUEMENT MONTRÉALAIS. JE COMPTE DONC SUR VOUS, MONTRÉALAIS, POUR ÉMETTRE VOS OPINIONS SUR LES DIFFÉRENTS FORUMS QUI S’OFFRENT À VOUS. JE VOUS INVITE À Y PARTICIPER DÈS AUJOURD’HUI. LA PAROLE EST À VOUS !

DENIS CODERRE / MAYOR OF MONTREAL VILLE MONTREAL, 2014




PROJECT PROGRAM

SMART MONTREAL A MONTREAL MODEL

Smart Cities are most commonly defined by their ability to collect data, analyse data and manage ressources. However, Montreal aims to develop its own version of a smart city through a large degree of public participation - a so-called “Montreal Model”. To perform this task, Montreal has established the “Smart and Digital Office”, whose primary role is to manage the city’s path towards becoming “smart”. In doing so, the office has set up a web portal that encourages its citizens to contribute ideas and opinions. It is the ambition of this project to facilitate and materialise an interface between the government and the public, via a range of interventions that physically bring people together in this common cause.

2

MONTREAL’S FOUR-PART APPROACH

In order to ensure a holistic approach to the smart city development, Montreal has created a four-part approach that is summed up on this page. The strong presence of public participation and education within the field is significant in the Montreal Model. In a continuation of this policy, Montreal has also freed up masses of data in GIS web portals, to give citizens the oppotunity to engage in the development of the built environment. The city hopes to have reached many of these goals by the 2017 375th birthday celebrations.

 

  

     

    

     

Source: Montreal Smart and Digital City Office, Ville Montreal, autumn 2014 Graphic representation by author.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY SECTOR In the last 10 years, ICT’s have seen a GDP growth that is twice as fast as the overall economy. This significant growth will be further supported by a technological upgrade of Montreal on its path to becoming a smart city. Montreal is ranked 3rd in north america for ICT job growth. This position might be further strenghtened if Montreal reaches its goal of becoming one of the world’s smartests cities.

GPD GROWTH INDEX Information and communication technology sector versus the overall economy 2002-2012

ICT SECTOR





























OVERALL ECONOMY 

















ICT JOB GROWTH Top 10 of the 20 largest metropolitan regions of North America, 2008-2012

Source: The organisation Techno Montreal at TechnoMontreal.com, December 2014 / Graphic representation by author

MONTREAL S’EST DONNÉE COMME OBJECTIF D’OBTENIR LA PREMIÈRE PLACE DU CLASSEMENT ICF [INTELLIGENT COMMUNITY FORUM] EN 2017, ANNÉE DES FESTIVITÉS LIÉES AU 375E ANNIVERSAIRE DE LA VILLE.

HAROUT CHITILIAN / VICE-PRESIDENT DU COMITÉ EXÉCUTIF MONTREAL SMART AND DIGITAL CITY OFFICE VILLE MONTREAL, JUNE 3 2014




PROJECT PROGRAM

CONCLUSION

In the last couple of years, Montreal has established the political foundations for becoming a Smart City. As part of this strategy, the city has put forward a goal to receive first classification from the world-wide “Intelligent Community Forum” by 2017. The existing and strong Information, Communication and Technology sector will be a naturally important supporter of this ambition. Uniquely, both this growing industry and the city of Montreal, have expressed the wish to develop a new kind of “smart” in a specific “Montreal Model”. For this, they will need certain facilities around the city, to help engage with and activate the different communities.The research in this project has identified some of the spatial requests that have been put forward by the City of Montreal and by Techno Montreal. The diagram at the bottom of this page, identifies and sums up these more material requirements of the Smart City quest.

2

 

           

   

       

       

SMART MONTREAL'S SPATIAL REQUIREMENTS









 











 

  





    





 



Graphic representation by author.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




"

KEENLY AWARE THAT MONTRÉAL’S 375TH ANNIVERSARY IS AN INCREDIBLE LAUNCH PAD FOR THE CITY, THE SOCIETY WISHES TO MAXIMIZE EXPERIENCES AND BENEFITS WELL BEYOND 2017 TO LEAVE A TANGIBLE AND LASTING LEGACY FOR GENERATIONS TO COME. THROUGH THE SUM OF ITS ACTIONS, THE SOCIETY AIMS TO BOLSTER MONTREALERS’ SENSE OF PRIDE AND BELONGING, AS WELL AS TO INCREASE THE CITY’S VISIBILITY AND PROFILE ABROAD. IN ADDITION TO THE 2017 FESTIVITIES, WE WANT TO HELP REVIVE THE CITY.

FRANCE CHRÉTIEN DESMARAIS / PRESIDENT OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE SOCIETY FOR MONTREAL’S 375TH 375MTL.COM, APRIL 9 2014




PROJECT PROGRAM

MONTREAL 2017 EVENTS AND LEGACIES

In 2017, Montreal celebrates its 375th birthday, Canada’s 150th birthday and the 50th year of the World Expo’67. To create and organise the celebrations of this year, Montreal has established the “375th Society” - an independent non-profit organisation with a large body of governmental, private and institutional collaborators. For the 350th celebration, 25 years ago, the event was used as a catalyst for several construction and urban development projects. Many of these still feature as some of Montreal’s most visited places and attractions. The goal for 2017 is to live up to this legacy and to once again change the face of Montreal throughout the course of a year’s celebrations.

2

This project proposes to stage an event related to the generael 2017 celebrations in Sainte-Marie, to kick-start the regeneration of this area in the same way that the Old Port was redeveloped in 1992. The creation of structures and of public spaces to accompany the event, will lay the foundations for a new public centre in Sainte-Marie and, more specifically, will establish a strong identity on the no-man’s land by the Jacques Cartier Bridge.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




LEGACY PROJECTS 1992 AND 2017



EXAMPLES OF PROJECTS FROM THE 350TH

EXAMPLES OF PLANNED PROJECTS FOR THE

ANNIVERSARY IN 1992:

375TH ANNIVERSARY IN 2017:

MONTRÉAL BIODÔME

CITY WALKS

Conversion of the 1976 Olympic Velodrome into the Montréal Biodôme that recreates America’s ecosystems for educational purposes.

These new pathways will provide unique and unusual walkways through the heart of the city and its neighbourhoods.

OLD PORT

SPACE FOR LIFE

Redevelopment of the old industrial port of Montréal into a public leisure space.

The Montreal Space for Life links up the Planetarium, the Botanical Garden, The Biodome and the Insectarium into one place.

PARC JEAN-DRAPEAU

ABORIGINAL CENTRE

The Expo 67 site was equipped with new facilities as it hosted a series of large-scale concerts as part of the celebrations.

This project aims to create a permanent cultural and artistic centre, expressly dedicated to the present and the future of First Peoples.


PROJECT PROGRAM

CONCLUSION

Montreal has a history of using large-scale events for urban renewal campaigns. For 2017, when the city hosts a triple-celebration, Montreal aims to improve a series of public spaces and cultural offers in the city that will also leave a legacy beyond 2017. The research in this project has identified a set of overall themes for these, which are summed up in the diagram at the bottom of this page.

2

SUMMARY OF 2017 CTIY REDEVELOPMENT AMBITIONS

                        

       

 

 

















 



 





        

  

 





Graphic representation by author.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




IDENTIFICATION OF OVERLAPS

MONTREAL 2017           

      





        

   







 



 

 









 

 



 

   















    

















 

 





  





 

=

          

    

 





 

   

+

 

      

      

         

REVITALISED SAINTE-MARIE

       

 

       

       

SMART MONTREAL



 



 

        



 







IMPROVE VISIBILITY/BRANDING OF MONTREAL

PHYSICAL PROXIMITY OF ICT INDUSTRY

INSPIRE CREATIVITY

PUBLIC SPACE LABORATORY

PARTICIPATION AND COLLABORATION

INSTILL PRIDE AND OWNERSHIP

SUPPORT LOCAL BUSINESSES

CREATE LOCAL TECHNOLOGY SITES

CREATE LEANING CENTRES

IMPROVE PUBLIC SPACES



LONGTERM BENEFITS




PROJECT PROGRAM

SUMMARY OVERLAPPING AGENDAS: 3 PROGRAMS - 1 PROJECT

The three identified programs for Sainte-Marie, Smart Montreal and Montreal-2017, have a set of overlapping goals and ambitions. The foundation and ambition of this project, is in the overlap between these. By combining the 2017 celebrations with a Smart City Expo in Sainte-Marie, the revitalisation of this area is leap-frogged into the 21st century, and the area will in quite a short amount of time be able to change identity in the minds of the Montrealers. The infill of a new identity is possible, because of the area’s current state of “no-man’s land”, which makes it easier to lay claim to the large vacant plots. In the post-event phase, the revitalisation of Sainte-Marie is taken over by Smart Montreal and Techno Montreal, who will run the area as a hub for Smart City capacity sharing, attracting businesses to the neighbourhood. The public space upgrades, which are also requested by all three programs, are predominantly carried out during 2017, but they will have a long lasting attractiveness for new residents and future visitors alike.

2

By combining these three agendas, each receives what it might otherwise risk being short of – whether that is the presence of the government, the industrial sector or the public. In this combination, each agenda is strengthened in itself, ensuring a longlasting and successful city development.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015







PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

3

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015







EXPO/POST-EXPO LEARNING FROM OTHERS

PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

In order to understand the mechanics of large scale events and their local impact, a series of expo’s and events were analysed from a master-planning point of view. A couple of these are depicted at the bottom of this page. From this research, it was possible to identify which factors might contribute to a positive after-effect, and which might have a more negative impact. This project exists in the overlap of what benefits the expo and the neighbourhood equally.

STUDIED LARGE SCALE EVENTS SHANGHAI EXPO 2010

MILAN EXPO 2015

3

MONTREAL EXPO 1967

LONDON OLYMPICS 2012

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




SHANGHAI EXPO 2010: OVERALL CONCEPT Source: Rodoplhe el-Houry & Andrew Payne; States of Architecture in the Twenty-First Century: New Directions from the Shanghai World Expo; Thames & Hudson 2010

ELEMENT

CIRCULATION CONCEPT

OVERALL PLAN

Architect: -

Key elements: Clearly defined zones / One primary axis (The expo axis) / Several primary distribution paths

ZONES

Architect: -

Key elements: Main distribution spine / Network of paths between pavilions / Variety of architecture

EXPO AXIS

Architect: SBA Design



Key elements: Permanent / 350.000m2 usable space - Linear circulation along axis


SHANGHAI EXPO: PAVILIONS Source: Rodoplhe el-Houry & Andrew Payne; States of Architecture in the Twenty-First Century: New Directions from the Shanghai World Expo; Thames & Hudson 2010

PROJECT

CIRCULATION CONCEPT

Architect: Atelier Feichang Jianzhu

PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

SHANGHAI CORPORATE

Key elements: Infrastructural matrix / minituarized structure / iconography of the machine

FRENCH PAVILION

3

Architect: Jacques Ferrier Architectures

Key elements: Continuous circuit / Experiences along the way / Focused around central courtyard

BRITISH PAVILION

Architect: Heatherwick Studio

Key elements: Free circulation around focus point/ Defined center / 6000m2 landscaping

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




EXPO / NEIGHBOURHOOD ELEMENTS ANALYSIS

ORGANISATION OF EXPOS / “TO SEE EVERYTHING”

MAIN ELEMENTS 1. Simple infrastructure - typically circular 2. Clear zoning 3. Architectural variation of elements 4. Strong boundaries 5. Pauses of common squares and greens

An expo is typically organised around a single spine, which often has a circular circulation scheme to bring the visitor in/out of the same point. This manner of organising the exhibition ensures that the visitor sees all the curated elements. Events analysed: London 2012 Olympics, Expo ‘15 Milan, Expo ‘02 Schwitzerland, Expo ‘10 Shanghai, Expo ‘67 Montreal.

ORGANISATION OF NEIGHBOURHOOD / “TO SEE SELECTIVELY”

MAIN ELEMENTS 1. Complex infrastructure 2. Limited zoning 3. Limited variety of architectural elements 4. Phenomenological boundaries 5. Pauses of common squares and greens

A neighbourhood is in some cases defined by a main street, but the general organisation of the circulation is more complex than in the case of expositions. A neighbourhood is typically not bounded by physical structures but by a phenomenological perception of boundaries that change over time and between users. (Jan Gehl, Kevin Lynch, et.al.)




EXPO / NEIGHBOURHOOD ELEMENTS ANALYSIS

PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

MAIN SIMILARITIES

1. DEFINED SPINE/DISTRIBUTOR Both an expo and a neighbourhood benefit from the existence of a strongly defined spine that is a common reference point for all other activites and zones. The spine is generally characterised by a good pedestrian environment with adequate seating and shading options, as well as from a wide range of activity offers.

2. OVERLAP OF CERTAIN PUBLIC FUNCTIONS Certain public functions have the ability to benefit both an expo and a community. Examples of such programs are retail, restaurants and cultural offers like exhibitions and theatres.

3. PAUSES OF SQUARES AND GREENS

3

An expo and a community also have the same benefit of public squares and green areas.

MAIN DIFFERENCES

1. USAGE OF ZONING TO DEFINE SPACES The strong zoning that help define different areas of an exposition is not desirable for a neighbourhood, which should rather be perceived as a gradient between different characters.

2. VARIETY OF ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS An expo needs to display a large variety of elements whereas a community typically needs a high level of coherency to enhance its sense of identity.

3. UNITY OF INFRASTRUCTURE VERSUS A COMPLEX ORGANISATION The expo is defined around the perimeter of a single route that curates the entire exhibition. A neighbourhood usually have a more complex circulation system with a less strong sense of hiearchy between elements.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




SA

INT

E-C

ATH ER INE E-D AM E

OLYMPIC PARK

IX

NO TR

PIE

ON TAR

IO

OVERVIEW OF THE CITY OF MONTREAL

HOCHELAGA-MAISONNEUVE

FR

ON

TE

NA

C

CP RAILYARDS

AU

IN

UR

CA

RT I

ER

DR Y

EN

AG

E

T

ILL

T-L A

S

SOUTH SHORE

EXPO 67 SITE

QU

AR TIE

R

LA TIN

SAIN

T-LAW

RENC

TH

PLATEAU

EV

SA

BE

UE

MUNIT

CQ

IS

ER

JA

EN

SMAR T COM

PARC LA FONTAINE

T-D

E RIV

IN

SA

Y

SAINTE-MARIE

MOUNTAIN MONT-ROYAL

N DT

OW

GRAND PRIX SITE

OL

QU

CO LL EG E

NT W

E

DO

IN ER UE S

AT H

SQ

-C TE

DA ETR NO



ME

RE

-LE

VE

IN

SA

MA IS

ON

NE

UV E

OW

N

MC GI LL

AR TIE R

SP

EC TA C

LE

S

OLD PORT

1:40.000


CITY SUMMARY OF ANALYSIS

• • • • •

The city centre is coloured by the presence of a few, very characteristic and individual quartiers. The centre is surrounded by quartiers of either business- or residential character. Each neighbourhood is served by at least one metro station that is located in close proximity to a crossroads. The area of Sainte-Marie surrounding the Jacques Cartier Bridge does not have a certain identity in the mind of the Montrealers. Notre-Dame Street as a pedestrian artery does not extend northwards beyond Old Town. The commercial activity on Sainte-Catherine Street is weaker through SainteMarie past the Jacques Cartier Bridge, than on either side through the centre and through Hochelaga-Maisonneuve.

PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

3

The characteristics of streets and connections that bind together Montreal’s more “successful” neighbourhoods, are not present in Sainte-Marie, which lacks both an east-west spine and a north-south artery. SUMMARY OF MASTER STRATEGY

• • • • •

The existing central quartiers are joined by the neighbourhood of the “smart community”, extending the central loop into Sainte-Marie. The spaces underneath the Jacques Cartier Bridge are established as the neighbourhood’s new characteristic spine. The waterfront is opened up for potential redevelopment by placing a viewpoint that visually links to Old Town. The commercial activity on Sainte-Catherine Street is strengthened through Sainte-Marie via the general upgrade of this neighbourhood. The vehicular traffic is redirected through the neighbourhood to create a more equal spread of activity to the benefit of the cyclists and the pedestrians.

Sainte-Marie is strengthened by implementing the basic elements that characterise the surrounding areas: a spine, an artery and an identity. By improving Sainte-Marie’s position the city will also become more complete as a whole with fewer rifts in the urban fabric.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




TRAFFIC DATA: SAINTE-CATHERINE AND NOTRE-DAME Source: Montreal Open Source Database

PEDESTRIAN (MAX. AVERAGE IN DOWNTOWN - 1600 PEOPLE/HOUR) BICYCLE (MAX. AVERAGE IN SAINTE-MARIE - 50 BIKES/HOUR) MOTOR VEHICLE (MAX. AVERAGE ON PIEXI - 2300 CARS/HOUR)

1:40.000




TRAFFIC ANALYSIS

PEDESTRIAN

PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

The different modes of traffic are intensified in different areas of the city, along the two main arteries: Sainte-Catherine Street and Notre-Dame Street. The pedestrian traffic is dominant south of the Jacques Cartier Bridge, while the motorised traffic is heavier north of the bridge. Interestingly, the bicycle traffic peaks just by the bridge, where the green bicycle route joins the general city network. These tendencies highlight the bridge’s position as an important factor for the movements of traffic in the city.

3 The pedestrian traffic is strongest around the downtown area of Montreal between the main train station and the mountain. However, there is also a surge of pedestrian traffic in Hochelaga-Maisonneuve around PieIX.

MOTOR VEHICLE

BICYCLES

The most dominant traffic of cars takes place in the northern part of the city, passed the Jacques Cartier Bridge. The intensity of cars naturally slows down in the centre quartiers, where the pedestrian traffic is stronger.

The bicycle path that connects the northern suburbs with the downtown business areas has a concentrated level of activity right by the Jacques Cartier Bridge, where the bikes separate onto either Notre-Dame Street, Rene-Levesques Boulevard, or west-wards.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




CITY ANALYSIS: EXISTING ELEMENTS EXISTING ELEMENTS



QUARTIERS

”THROUGH” ROADS / SPINES

The central quartiers (Old Port, Old Town, Quartier Spectacles, Quartier Latin and The Village) are clustered together just south of the Jacques Cartier Bridge.

“Through” roads are identified as roads that have taken on the character of the quartiers they cross, and as such have become the backbones of these neighbourhoods.

”ACROSS” ROADS / ARTERIES

CENTRE LOOP

“Across” roads go through several quartiers, linking together different characters of the city. The strength of these connections is weakened through Sainte-Marie and under the Jacques Cartier Bridge.

The current walkable centre of Montreal, is a loop between the central quartiers and the main pedestrian thoroughfares.


CITY STRATEGY: ADDED ELEMENTS EXISTING ELEMENTS ADDED ELEMENTS

THE BRIDGE AS A ”THROUGH” ROAD

PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

ESTABLISHING A NEW QUARTIER

3 The central quartiers are joined by the new Smart Community neighbourhood that is established by the Jacques Cartier Bridge.

In accordance with the grid and character of the “through” roads, the spaces underneath the Jacques Cartier Bridge are established as the spine of the new Smart Community.

PATCHING THE ”ACROSS” ROAD GAPS

EXTENDING THE CENTRE LOOP

The break in the movement of the “across” roads is patched by improving Saint-Catherine Street for commercial and pedestrian activities.

By improving the urban environment around the Jacques Cartier Bridge, the centre-loop achieves conditions for an extension northwards, encompassing Sainte-Marie.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




OVERVIEW OF SAINTE-MARIE

1:10.000




NEIGHBOURHOOD

FROM A REPELLENT....

TO AN ATTRACTOR

FROM CAR PRIORITISED...

TO PEOPLE-ORIENTED

PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

SUMMARY OF ANALYSIS AND STRATEGY

3

FROM UNDEFINED EDGES...

?

?

FROM A THOUROUGHFARE...

TO A DEFINED SPINE

!

!

TO A DESTINATION

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




WALKING DISTANCES IN MINUTES Source: Personal registrations, July 2014

DISTANCES FROM AMHERST STREET DISTANCES FROM METRO PAPINEAU DISTANCES FROM THE SAINT LAWRENCE RIVER DISTANCES FROM METRO PAPINEAU



















 



 

 











1:15.000 



 




WALKING DISTANCES WITHIN SAINTE-MARIE

PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

The neighbourhood has a scale which is relatively walkable. For example, the three metro stations Papineau, Frontenac and Beaudry are all within a 20 minutes walking distance from each other. The main commercial artery Sainte-Catherine Street can be traversed in under half an hour. The waterfront also has the potential to serve a large part of the neighbourhood. If the accessibility is improved it can be reached in under 10 minutes from Sainte-Catherine Street. The neighbourhood also has good access to parks, such as La Fontaine north of Sherbrooke Street and Bellerive Park in the southernmost area. FROM SAINTE-MARIE TO OTHER DESTINATIONS

Sainte-Marie is also fairly close to the popular downtown areas like Old Port and Quartier des Spectacles. If the waterfront is opened for pedestrians, Old Port is less than 25 minutes from the Jacques Cartier Bridge by foot. The main event space in the city, Place des Arts, can be reached from Amherst Street in approximately 15 minutes. Furthermore, the high level of accessability to metro stations increases the neighbourhood’s underground connectivity with the rest of the city.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015

3




EXISTING PROGRAM OF BUILDINGS AND SPACES

COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY (shop, bar, cafe or restaurant) CULTURAL OR RECREATIONAL ACTIVITY TELECOMMUNICATION BUSINESS LARGER OFFICE COMPLEX MEDIUM TO HEAVY INDUSTRY METRO STATIONS AND BUS TERMINAL CHURCH (HISTORICAL BUILDING) HISTORICAL BUILDING PARK/GREEN AREA

1:15.000




ANALYSIS OF BUILDINGS AND SPACES The commercial activity is strongest in

PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY

the area south-west of the bridge towards downtown. This activity on Sainte-Catherine Street diminishes quite drastically beyond the bridge towards eastern SainteMarie. Only 25% of the area’s total com-

25%

mercial activity is east of the bridge. •

Ontario Street keeps a regular level of commercial activity through the entire

75%

neighbourhood, but is also not obstructed by the presence of the bridge. •

The large structures of offices and industry are generally not in proximity to any kind

3

of commercial activity or green spaces. •

The green spaces are smaller and more spread out in the western part of the neighbourhood.

TELECOMMUNICATION BUSINESS

The intesnsity of commercial activity is strongest in the part of the neighbourhood that is closer to downtown. The activity is also clearly centered around Sainte-Catherine Street before the Jacques Cartier Bridge and sparsely on Ontario Street. PARK/GREEN AREA

8

3 4 33

The telecommunication industry has established itself around the Jacques Cartier Bridge in a fulfillment of the Cité des Ondes vision from the 1970’s.

There are more small green pockets in the western part of the neighbourhood. The large green park at the end of the bridge is cut off by the traffic on all sides except the northern part by Ontario Street.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




TRAFFIC DATA: SAINTE-MARIE Source: Montreal Open Source Database

PEDESTRIAN (MAX. ON SAINTE-CATHERINE STREET - AVERAGE 200 PEOPLE/HOUR) BICYCLE (MAX. AT THE END OF GREEN BICYCLE ROUTE - AVERAGE 50 BIKES/HOUR) MOTOR VEHICLE (MAX. BY MOLSON’S - AVERAGE 1400 CARS/HOUR)

1:15.000




TRAFFIC ANALYSIS

PEDESTRIAN

PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

The distribution of traffic in Sainte-Marie, mirrors the neighbourhood’s main challenges: the Jacques Cartier Bridge as a phenomenological barrier and the limited access to the waterfront. The high level of pedestrian activity south of the Jacques Cartier Bridge comes to an abrupt halt by the bridge, which is also surrounded by heavy motorised traffic. The pedestrian traffic by the waterfront is barely present at all. However, the green bicycle route, which runs along NotreDame Street from the northern residential areas, creates an interestingly high amount of

3

bicycle activity in the southern area of the neighbourhood, where the motorised traffic is otherwise very dominant.

The pedestrian traffic is strongest on Sainte-Catherine Street before the Jacques Cartier Bridge, but there is also a considerable amount of activity around the metrostation Frontenac. The project aims improve the intensity of pedestrian activity between these two poles of activity.

MOTOR VEHICLE

BICYCLES

Both De Lorimier and Papineau on either side of the Jacques Cartier Bridge are heavily trafficked. The traffic is also strong on the roads by the waterfront. The arteries Sainte-Catherine Street and Maisonneuve Boulevard have a more moderate presence of motor traffic. The project diverts part of this traffic further away from the bridge to lessen the activity on a single street.

The bicycle traffic is the strongest where the green bicycle path from Hochelaga-Maisonneuve joins the general street grid. Ontario Street is also a popular bicycle thoroughfare. The project creates better bicycle facilities for connecting the green bicycle route to Ontario Street.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




TRAFFIC DATA BY THE JC-BRIDGE: MOTOR VEHICLE Source: Montreal Open Source Database

PEAK MIN. 25 CARS/HOUR (Rene Levesques/Parthenais - northbound) PEAK MAX. 6150 CARS/HOUR (Papineau/Viger - westbound) MIN. AND MAX. ACTIVITY

1:5.000




TRAFFIC DATA BY THE JC-BRIDGE: PEDESTRIAN Source: Montreal Open Source Database

PEAK MIN. 1 PEDESTRIAN/HOUR (Fullum/Notre-Dame - east-westbound)

PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

PEAK MAX. 850 PEDESTRIANS/HOUR (Saint-Catherine/Papineau - east-westbound) MIN. AND MAX. ACTIVITY

3

1:5.000

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




TRAFFIC DATA BY THE JC-BRIDGE: BICYCLE Source: Montreal Open Source Database

PEAK MIN. 4 BICYCLES/HOUR (Sainte-Catherine/De Lorimier - north-southbound) PEAK MAX. 250 BICYCLES/HOUR (Parthenais/Rene Levesques - west-eastbound) MIN. AND MAX. ACTIVITY

1:5.000




MOTORISED TRAFFIC BY THE JACQUES CARTIER BRIDGE

PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

The motorised traffic is strongest along the Saint Lawrence River on Notre Dame Street, the Ville Marie boulevard, Viger Boulevard and Rene Levesques Boulevard. This infrastructural barrier is one of the biggest challenges of connecting SainteMarie’s residential areas to the river and to Parc Bellerive. The traffic is therefore distributed more equally by changing the hierarchy of the roads. De Lorimier is transformed into a two-lane street with parking and bicycle lanes, while Parthenais, which currently has very little traffic, is taken into more use. The strategy is to direct people via different roads towards the waterfront, so that the traffic might be intensified here with the benefit of lessening the strain on the streets in Sainte-Marie. PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC BY THE JACQUES CARTIER BRIDGE

The pedestrian activity diminishes on the east side of the Jacques Cartier Bridge and towards the riverfront. This highlights the bridge’s impact as a divider of the neighbourhood.

3

The strategy for pedestrian facilities is to upgrade the streets surrounding the bridge to provide better pedestrian facilities. Sainte-Catherine Street becomes a shared space road underneath the bridge, connecting to the metro plaza. The length of the bridge itself is turned into a public promenade with a nice micro climate and plenty of resting and leisure offers. BICYCLE TRAFFIC BY THE JACQUES CARTIER BRIDGE

The bicycle traffic is generally spread out equally around the site, except for at the point where the green bicycle route joins the general street grid. At this point the bicycles disperse into the existing street grid, but there is a potential to seize on the popularity of this bicycle route. In order to improve the connections from the end of the green bicycle route to the rest of the bicycle street grid, De Lorimier is turned into a two-way bicycle lane where the parked cars protect the cyclists.The bicycle facilities on Réné Levesques Boulevard are equally improved.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




  

FRAMING THE VACANT AREAS

     

 





 







 

 









 

1:10.000




ANALYSIS OF THE VACANT AREAS

• •

• •

Most of the vacant areas are cut off from each other by the traffic that pass around the bridge. In order for the neighbourhood to present itself as a joined entity, the accessibility and connectivity between the sites must be improved. Area 1 is connected to the bridge and to Maisonneuve Boulevard. It is at the end where the bridge meets the ground, surrounded by industry, a business complex and a large housing estate. Area 2 links to the Papineau Metro Plaza and to the commercial activity on Sainte-Catherine Street. It is the site most easily accessed by pedestrians. Area 3 is dominated by the presence of the bridge which runs along the entire area. On one side it is flanked by old worker’s housing that has more or less turned its back on it. De Lorimier Avenue runs along its other side, which is one of the most trafficked streaks in the area. Area 4 is the only area that does not link the bridge, but it has been included due to its sheer size and presence in the neighbourhood. It also joins the telecombusiness (Tele-Québec) on the far side in Eastern Sainte-Marie. Area 5 sits as an island in a sea of traffic, but it does have a small presence of housing. Today the area has a feel of a brownfield wasteland. Area 6 runs along the waterfront, but is cut off from the rest of the area by the many-laned Notre-Dame Street. However, it also connect to two recreational offers: Parc Bellerive and the waterfront.While Parc Bellerive has existed for many years, the waterfront has been cut off by industry for just as long, and is therefore categorised as a “recreation potential”.

PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

3

 





















THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




OVERVIEW OF PROBLEMATIC ELEMENTS

 

ELE-QUEBEC





ER WAT

FRO

NT   
















OVERVIEW OF STRATEGIC GOALS

PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES







 



ELE-QUEBEC

 





3

 





NT

FRO

IN

EL TAT

ILI FAC

ER WAT K TO

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




FROM VACANT AND DERELICT...




PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

3

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




...TO LIVELY AND WELCOMING.




PROJECT ANALYSIS + STRATEGIES

3

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015







PROJECT PROPOSAL

4

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015






LONGTERM BENEFITS

IMPROVE PUBLIC SPACES

CREATE LEANING CENTRES

CREATE LOCAL TECHNOLOGY SITES

SUPPORT LOCAL BUSINESSES

INSTILL PRIDE AND OWNERSHIP

PARTICIPATION AND COLLABORATION

PUBLIC SPACE LABORATORY

INSPIRE CREATIVITY

PHYSICAL PROXIMITY OF ICT INDUSTRY

IMPROVE VISIBILITY/BRANDING OF MONTREAL

DERIVED SPATIAL PROGRAM



EXPLORATORY LANDSCAPES

KNOWLEDGE NUCLEUS

CREATIVE OFFICE HUB

COMMUNITY HEART

VILLE MONTREAL

HARD SURFACE AREAS SOFT SURFACE AREAS MEETING PLACES EXHIBITION ARENAS PUBLIC PROMENADE SEMI-PRIVATE AREAS

AUDITORIUM: 200-350 PPL. LABORATORY/TEACHING FACILITIES OUTDOOR AMPHITHEATRE: 100-150 PPL.

FLEXIBLE INCUBATOR OFFICES (0-650 DESKS) MEETING FACILITIES KITCHENS AMENITIES/STORAGE

PUBLIC SQUARE (CIRCA 3000M2) INFORMATION POINT PERMANENT EXHIBITION SPACES FLEXIBLE EXHIBITION SPACES PUBLIC MEDIA CENTRE JOB SUPPORT COMMUNITY LOUNGE RETAIL SPACES AND CAFE/RESTAURANT

OFFICE DESKS: 40 PPL. VILLE INTELLIGENTE ET NUMÉRIQUE: 10 PPL. ATELIER D’AMÉNAGEMENT: 20 PPL. EXPANSION POTENTIAL: 10 PPL. MEETING ROOMS DOCUMENT STORAGE CANTEEN/KITCHEN


SPATIAL PROGRAM TURNING OVERLAPPING GOALS INTO ARCHITECTURE

The ambitions defined in the project program are transformed into architecture by cross-referencing their different requests and demands. The execution of this process has included careful consideration of the need for the different building types, in order to ensure their long-term usability. Each of the final five types of spaces has several actors and they all inhabit “scheduled” activities. Some of them also leave room for more optional activities and for visitors that do not have a direct relation to the programs.

PROJECT PROPOSAL

The parts have been distributed strategically by the bridge to create an equal spread of scheduled and optional activities, in order optimise the activation of the entire stretch. Their different spatial qualities in relation to the space under the bridge have also had a considerable impact on the actual implementation. FIVE SPATIAL PROGRAMS IN ONE LOCATION

The identified spatial programs all complement each other by their shared ambitions. In one end, the government’s Smart and Digital City Office moves in alongside the Office for Urban Design, to establish a strong presence of governmental contribution. Further along the bridge, the Creative Office Hub, which is to be managed by the government, private stakeholders and Techno Montreal, represents the economic sector and smaller businesses. Both the government’s offices and the private enterprises can make use of an auditorium and lecture space - the Knowledge Nucleus - which supports the distribution of the project beyond the boundaries of the bridge.The public is addressed both at this section of the project and in the Community Heart, which is established as Sainte-Catherine Streets new public space. At the Community Heart, activities range from common community offers such as employment counselling and day centre functions, to an exhibition space to commercial offers, like restaurants and cafés.

4

These four buildings are combined in the Exploratory Landscape, which stretches like a carpet beneath the bridge, offering many different kinds of spaces for a wide range of uses. The project believes that the bringing together of governmental, public and private interests will benefit both the Smart City agenda and the revitalisation of Sainte-Marie.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




LONGITUDINAL SECTION (not to scale)

PLAN (not to scale)




PROJECT PROPOSAL

PROJECT DRAWINGS

4

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




SMART AND DIGITAL CITY OFFICE

PLACE SAINTE-MARIE the heart and meeting place of the quartier

governmental representation

SPORTS SQUARE urban playground for the area’s youth

EXPLORATORY LANDSCAPE urban test-bed and public city laboratory




KNOWLEDGE NUCLEUS open and inclusive education facilities

VIEWPOINT views of the city

CREATIVE OFFICE HUB start-up tech businesses and innovation platform

FLYOVER

PROJECT PROPOSAL

a dramatic connection to the waterfront

4

VIEWPOINT

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




THE SMART AND DIGITAL CITY OFFICE The building establishes an anchor at the point where the bridge meets the ground, by solidifying the gap between the ground and the bridge deck. A glazed facade is draped around the bridge’s steel structure, encompassing its pillars in an interesting lobby space. Along the sides of the building, a set of staircases provide access from Maisonneuve Boulevard to the walkways on the bridge. The building is situated in a landscaped garden that gives it an official air and prominence as a government institution. The front of the building is angled towards the road, giving way to a small plaza off the sidewalk.

LONGITUDINAL SECTION 1:500

PLAN 1:500




SPORTS SQUARE / URBAN PLAYGROUND The urban playground is a hard surface landscape that extends an existing skater park to encompass more of the currently vacant land under the bridge. The design of the landscape seeks to erase the differences between sports equipment and infrastructure, by including the bridge pillars in the sports courts. The area creates a backdrop of urban activities behind the more formal plaza, Place Sainte-Marie.

PROJECT PROPOSAL

LONGITUDINAL SECTION 1:500

4

PLAN 1:500

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




THE URBAN PLAYGROUND BEHIND PLACE SAINTEMARIE ERASES THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SPORTS EQUIPMENT AND INFRASTRUCTURE




PROJECT PROPOSAL

4

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




PLACE SAINTE-MARIE Place Sainte-Marie is the central gathering point and new public heart of quarter Sainte-Marie. The space under the bridge opens up into a plaza by Sainte-Catherine Street, which is surrounded by a public program of retail and exhibition spaces. The low-rise building complex embraces the bridge, which in turn becomes a monumental part of the square. The bridge also forms a canopy that connects the programs on either side of the street. The pedestrians are encouraged to spill into the square, which is lowered from the street level to enhance the sense of intimacy. A sunny terrace opens up along the perimeter of the first floor, where people can enjoy the good microclimate and a perfect view of the events on the square. An open passageway through the building connects the plaza to Metro Papineau.




PROJECT PROPOSAL

4

PLAN 1:500

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015







PROJECT PROPOSAL

LONGITUDINAL SECTION (PLACE SAINTE-MARIE) 1:500

4

CROSS SECTION (PLACE SAINTE-MARIE) 1:500

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015







PLACE SAINTE-MARIE FRAMES THE JACQUES CARTIER

PROJECT PROPOSAL

BRIDGE AS THE QUARTIER’S CENTRAL MEETING POINT

4

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




EXPLORATORY LANDSCAPE AND CREATIVE OFFICE HUB The main area of the Exploratory Landscape rests beneath the Creative Office Hub. The Office Hub is a super light-weight structure that intersects with the bridge’s light steel-truss architecture. Together they create one flexible, three-dimensional framework that comprises both office spaces, meeting spaces, exhibition rooms and open platforms. The landscape is built up of moats and vegetation that create niches and gathering points for many different purposes. In some places, the landscape swallows the bridge pillars, while other parts exhibits the bridge as an object of interest. The urban design seeks to be capable of hosting many different activities, while maintaining a sense of intimacy for lone visitors. The entire area is an urban laboratory where especially the Creative Office Hub’s occupants can test out designs and products in the public realm and with the feed-back of the area’s visitors.




PROJECT PROPOSAL

4

PLAN 1:500

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




THE CREATIVE OFFICE HUB 1:500 LONGITUDINAL SECTION

The Office Hub consists of three main building elements: a service core, a light-weight circulation system and variations of pods that comprise the office spaces. The different structures weave into the bridge to make the space between the bridge deck and the ground accessible in three dimensions. The pods are serviced by a solid core that extends the existing street architecture before it transforms into the floating circulation structure, attached to the belly of the bridge. The circulation system is only covered by a light weatherproofing screen that protects the users from wind and rain, but it can also be used for projections during events. The pods attach to these circulation systems like parasites inhabiting the void between bridge and ground. The bridge is the only constant in this ever changing urban laboratory.

LONGITUDINAL SECTION 1:500




PROJECT PROPOSAL

CROSS SECTION 1:500

LONGITUDINAL SECTION 1:500

4

CROSS SECTION 1:500

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




KNOWLEDGE NUCLEUS The building builds up the landscape, so that it can nest in a comfortable environment despite the close proximity of several highly trafficked arteries. The rising landscape swallows part of the bridge structure and the path, which winds on the roof of the building, offers views backwards towards the Office Hub. The auditorium and teaching facilities lie under this hill, where it fills up the space like a book-end that turn the project back onto itself. The landscape also comprises an outdoor amphitheatre, which has a high level of connectivity with the indoor spaces, to create an intimate world of knowledge-sharing.




PROJECT PROPOSAL

4

PLAN 1:500

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




CROSS SECTION (KNOWLEDGE NUCLEUS) 1:500




PROJECT PROPOSAL

LONGITUDINAL SECTION (KNOWLEDGE NUCLEUS) 1:500

4

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




THE LANDSCAPE CARRIES THE VISITOR ONTO THE ROOF OF THE KNOWLEDGE NUCLEUS TOWARDS A VIEW OF FLEUVE SAINT-LAURENT




PROJECT PROPOSAL

4

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




A VIEWPOINT TOWARDS THE CITY A viewpoint by the last bridge pillar frames a view of Montreal’s iconic landmarks, ranging from the Olympic Stadium, to Mountain Mont-Royal, to the Expo 67 site. The pier also has a visual connection to downtown Montreal and to the Old Harbour in Old Town, which was opened up for public use in 1992. By establishing a new landmark at this point of the waterfront, the project hopes to inspire a future public use of the riverbanks in Sainte-Marie.

LONGITUDINAL SECTION 1:500




PROJECT PROPOSAL

4

THROUGH SUBTLE CHANGES THE BRIDGE AS A BARRIER IS DISSOLVED AND TRANFORMED INTO USABLE SPACE

PLAN 1:500

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




IDEAS BEHIND EXPO LAYOUT

The spaces under the Jacques Cartier Bridge function as the spine of the Expo, distributing the visitors to the surrounding zones of temporary pavilions.The program that is directly associated with the bridge marks the permanent elements, rendering the bridge spaces usable and accessible for the post-Expo landscape. The decision to leave the surrounding areas empty after the Expo is a deliberate acknowledgement of their future development potential from an economic point of view. By creating a landscape under the bridge that via the Expo addresses these sites, the bridge becomes a catalyst for the post-Expo development of these, reversing its hitherto negative impact on the area’s attractiveness.

ZONE 2 LARGE PAVILION SITE 5000 M²

LARGE PAVILION SITE 5000 M²

LAR

ZONE 1

Expo Administration

METRO MAIN ACCESS POINT



Ticket Sale and Information

Support Spaces, Retail and Food & Drink (double height, no floors/walls)

S Small Scale Interventions

WELCOME PLAZA PLACE SAINTE-MARIE

Pods and and Med

EXPO SPINE PROMENADE JACQUES CARTIER


PROPOSED EXPO ORGANISATION

ZONE 4

PAVILION SITE 4000M²

PAVILION SITE 4000M²

PROJECT PROPOSAL

RGE PAVILION SITE 5000 M²

4

Small Scale Interventions

PAVILION SITE 4000M²

Lecture Hall/Conference/Auditorium

Small Scale Interventions

d Core Structures used for Super Temporary dium Scale Interventions and Exhibitions PAVILION SITE 4500M²

ZONE 5

PAVILION SITE 4000M²

ZONE 3

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




"

LIKE THE IMPURITIES IN WATER THAT FACILITATE THE FORMATION OF ICE, PLACES AND EVENTS KNOWN AS FOCI FACILITATE THE FORMATION OF RELATIONSSHIPS. THEY MAKE POSSIBLE A SOCIAL PHASE TRANSITION IN WHICH INDIVIDUALS SHIFT FROM A DISCONNECTED AND DISORGANIZED STATE TO A CLUSTERED ONE (...)



ZACHARY P. NEAL THE CONNECTED CITY, P. 34


PROJECT PROPOSAL

4

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




PRESENTATION BOARDS




PROJECT PROPOSAL

4

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




MODEL: SAINTE-MARIE 1:2000




PROJECT PROPOSAL

MODEL: PROJECT 1:500

4

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015







PROCESS: SELECTION OF DOCUMENTS

5

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015







INTRODUCTION IDEA(L) DEVELOPMENT

PROCESS: SELECTION OF DOCUMENTS

In order to reach the proposed project solution, many other paths were investigated, tested and discarded. The methods of these investigations primarily involved sketching and modelling of concepts for the overall organisation of the site around the bridge. In the end, it was decided that the project should focus on the areas in direct connection to the bridge, to leave the surrounding larger plots for projects with more tangible economic benefits. The relationship between the expo/post-expo was also carefully considered, with varying emphasis on the different phases. The final proposal predominantly focuses on the post-expo/pre-development phase, because it was found that this was the most important situation to determine. This section comprises some of the material that was produces during these diverse phases of idea development.

5

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




PRELIMINARY VISION: GREEN PATH




PROCESS: SELECTION OF DOCUMENTS

PRELIMINARY VISION: URBAN PLAYSTREET

5

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




OVERALL CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS PART 1

CONCEPT “BY” / BOULEVARD

MAIN ELEMENTS - Located by the bridge. - Linear circulation. - Temporary and permanent together. - Dense program distribution. - Green spaces equally distributed along structures. - Public squares equally distributed along structures.

“UNDER” / CORRIDOR

MAIN ELEMENTS - Located under the bridge. - Linear circulation. - Temporary and permanent together. - Dense program distribution. - Green spaces at the end of the corridor by the water. - Public squares fragmented into structure under the bridge.



DIAGRAM


OVERALL CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS PART 1

CONCEPT

DIAGRAM

“NEXT TO” / COURTYARD

PROCESS: SELECTION OF DOCUMENTS

MAIN ELEMENTS - Located next to the bridge. - Free circulation. - Permanent program frames the temporary program. - Dense program distribution. - The bridge as a green asset and contrast to the urban character of the courtyard. - The public squares are integrated into the courtyard. - The green spaces are concentrated under the bridge as a route between the city and the water.

“CONNECTED TO” / ESTUARY

5

MAIN ELEMENTS - Connected to the bridge. - Distributed circulation with a clear spine. - Permanent program on limps. - Temporary program along spine. - Dispersed program distribution. - The green and grey spaces are placed as frontyards and entrance areas for the permenaent program.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




OVERALL CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS PART 1

CONCEPT “SURROUNDING” / LOOP

MAIN ELEMENTS - Surrounding the bridge. - Circular circulation - Permanent program by main commercial street. - Temporary program along circulation route. - Contrast between the green and the grey end of the loop.

“BY THE END” / OASIS

MAIN ELEMENTS - Located by the end of the bridge. - Linear circulation. - Permanent program frames the waterfront. - Temporary program distributed along route to attract attention. - Green area along waterfront. - Public squares in front of permanent structures.



DIAGRAM


OVERALL CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS PART 1

CONCEPT

DIAGRAM

“PERPENDICULAR TO” / CROSS

MAIN ELEMENTS

PROCESS: SELECTION OF DOCUMENTS

- Perpendicular to the bridge. - Linear Circulation. - Permanent program by main commercial street. - Juxtaposition between green and grey line. - Recreational program under bridge.

“PASSING BY” / ROUTE

5

MAIN ELEMENTS - Passing by the bridge. - Circular circulation. - Engages a large part of the neighbourhood. - Permanent program spread out across a large area. - Public spaces engages corners of site.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




OVERALL CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS PART 2

CONCEPT

DIAGRAM

“PASSING BY” / ROUTE 2

MAIN ELEMENTS - Passing by the bridge. - Circular circulation STRENGHTS - Engages a large part of the site. - Activates high street and waterfront. WEAKNESSES - Program becomes very sparse, especially post-Expo. - Less focus on the bridge with the risk of not creating a sufficiant level of activity to overcome site challenges.

“PERPENDICULAR TO” / CROSS 2 (T1)

MAIN ELEMENTS - Perpendicular to the bridge. - Linear Circulation. STRENGHTS - Creates two strong lines of activites along and across the site. - Engages Sainte-Catherine’s Street and the bridge as a spine. WEAKNESSES - The linear circulation scheme makes it difficult to organise an expo with a curated circulation route. - The program becomes quite sparse when spread across the two long arteries.




OVERALL CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS PART 2

CONCEPT

DIAGRAM

“PERPENDICULAR TO” / CROSS 3

MAIN ELEMENTS - Perpendicular to the bridge. - Linear circulation

PROCESS: SELECTION OF DOCUMENTS

STRENGHTS - The bridge becomes the main edge of activity. - The Sainte-Catherine Street/Bridge cross becomes an important hub of activity. WEAKNESSES - The bridge becomes super engaged but the connections to this edge are less strong. - A curated expo route is ideally not linear.

“PERPENDICULAR TO” / CROSS 4 (T2)

5

MAIN ELEMENTS - Perpendicular to the bridge. - Linear Circulation. STRENGHTS - Creates two strong lines of activites along and across the site. - Creates a strong hub of activity in the crossing between Sainte-Catherine Street and the brige. WEAKNESSES - The linear circulation scheme makes it difficult to organise an expo with a curated circulation route.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




REALITY




PROCESS: SELECTION OF DOCUMENTS

PRELIMINARY VISION: CLUTTERED FLEXIBILITY

5

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




TRIAL-AND-ERROR PLAN/AXO TEST 1

“ZIG-ZAG”

• • •

Creates a strong upper and lower edge to the site. Engages the bridge. 3-dimensional loop that engages the site in different planes.

PLAN

AXO




TRIAL-AND-ERROR PLAN/AXO TEST 2

“PAVILLION ROUTE”

• •

Creates a strong link to the metro and to the surrounding areas. Clear zoning of the exposition.

PROCESS: SELECTION OF DOCUMENTS

PLAN

AXO

5

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




TRIAL-AND-ERROR PLAN/AXO TEST 3

“SUPER SLAB”

• • • • PLAN

AXO



Creates a strong relationship to the bridge. Highly identifiable architecture. Strong perpendicular movement to the bridge. Grasps far into the neighbourhoods on either side.


TRIAL-AND-ERROR PLAN/AXO TEST 3

PROCESS: SELECTION OF DOCUMENTS

CONCEPT MODEL PLAN

CONCEPT MODEL AXO

5

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




TRIAL-AND-ERROR DEVELOPMENT OF TEST 3 "SUPER SLAB"

PLAN EXPO ROUTE

city of montreal (private)

city of montreal (private)

Activity Square

SMART governance

METRO

Information + Merchandise + Food Court

FINISH

ticket sale

START

management

exhibition

Activity Square

exhibition

exhibition

exhibition

SMART community

exhibition

café

exhibition

SMART economy

office hub

office hub

exhibition

exhibition

exhibition

exhibition

exhibition

exhibition

exhibition

exhibition

SMART environment

SMART living

exhibition

ation and

accomod



meeting

facilities

office hub

office hub

office hub

exhibition

café and lounge

auditorium

conference center

office hub

Activity Square

office hub

exhibition

café

exhibition


PLAN POST-EXPO

plot

city of montreal

city of

al

montre

city of montreal

Maisonneuve Boulevard (institutional)

commerce plot

shopping

arcade

market square

food arcade

market stalls

metro plaza

commerce

plot

Saint-Catherine Street (commercial)

management

shops + restaurants

community square

courtyard

office hub

plot

community centre

information

vegetation

PROCESS: SELECTION OF DOCUMENTS

bridge path

plot

shared space

vegetation

plot

office hub

office hub

pedestrian passageway

courtyard

café

office hub

plot

courtyard

plot office hub

office hub

office hub

vegetation

vegetation

shared space

shared space

vegetation

vegetation

office hub

office hub

plot

office hub

office hub

plot office hub

office hub

café

pedestrian passageway

courtyard

bridge path

plot

office hub

courtyard

plot

office hub

park

office hub

office hub

office hub

office hub

green bicycle route

passage to Parc Bellerive

Réné Levesque Boulevard (traffic artery)

5

plot

office hub

café and lounge

auditorium

test-bed square

conference center

plot

courtyard

re co

ation and

tion

nnec

accomod

atories

ical labor

s + techn

classroom

futu

ties

facili meeting

ry)

to Sa

traffic arte

int La

e (heavy

rout -Marie Auto

Ville

nce

wre River

No

me tre Da

Street

(traffic

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015

)

artery




TRIAL-AND-ERROR DEVELOPMENT OF "SUPER SLAB"

MODEL OF EXPO ROUTE AXO

MODEL OF POST- EXPO CONDITION AXO




TRIAL-AND-ERROR EVALUATION OF "SUPER SLAB"

COMMENTS

The idea of a super-slab that winds its way through the bridge and across the near sites solves a series of problems regarding the lack of organisation of the site, but it also poses a new set of problematic elements that have been found to outweigh the positive factors. The super-slab is very rigid in its structure, and as such it does not bring a lot of flexibility to the site. Furthermore, the sparsity of build elements in comparison to voids risks creating uncomfortable environmental conditions in between the buildings. The concept lacks an overall sense of intimacy that is very much needed for the sight. It will therefore not be further developed from this point. However, a set of positive discoveries were made in the proces.

PROCESS: SELECTION OF DOCUMENTS

1. The site needs a clearly defined upper and lower boundary that redirects the movements towards the centre. 2. The structure of the expo elements should actively define a new plot layout for the vast vacant areas. 3. The juxtaposed Sainte-Catherine Street and Jacques Cartier Bridge creates the most interesting tension of the site and must be clearly defined by a permanent buildt program. This relates to the concept development of the “cross.”

5

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




PRELIMINARY VISION: COMPLETE INFILL




PROCESS: SELECTION OF DOCUMENTS

5

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015




REALITY




PROCESS: SELECTION OF DOCUMENTS

PRELIMINARY VISION: OPEN WATERFRONT

5

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015







REFERENCES

6

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015







ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Dear Reader, This project has truly been a journey in all the meanings of the word. I feel very fortunate to have studied an interesting and amazing city like Montreal, and to have made many friends in the process. I hope the city really does manage to develop a new kind of Smart City, as an alternative to the digital alter-egos that seem to be taking over more and more of our lives. In the first publication of the project (September 2014), I gave thanks to the many people that provided me with information for my initial research. In this publication I would like to give thanks to my friends and family. Thank you for your unwavering support and, for some, brilliant model-building skills (Simon). The project was handed in on the 17th of December, 2014, and presented on the 9th of January 2015.

REFERENCES

Camilla, February 24, 2015

6

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015







SELECTIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY BOOKS Anastakis, Dimitri et al.; The Sixties: Passion, Politics and Style; McGill Queen’s University Press, 2008 Augé, Marc; Non Places: an Introduction to Supermodernity;Verso, Second English Language Edition, 2008 Benoît, Michèle; Gratton, Roger; Pignon sur Rue: les Quartier de Montréal; Guérin, 1991 Caldarelli, Guido; Catanzaro, Michele; Networks; Oxford University Press, 2012 Charney, Melvin; “The Montrealness of Montreal”; The Architectural Review, 167, May 1980 Cook, Edward A. et al.; Remaking Metropolis: Global Challenges of the Urban Landscape; Routledge, 2013 Deakin, Mark; Creating Smart-er Cities; Routledge, 2013 Dunton, Nancy; Malkin, Helen; A Guidebook to Contemporary Architecture in Montreal; Guérin, 2008 Dyckhoff, Tom and Barrett, Claire; The Architecture of London 2012; John Wiley & Sons, 2012. Giroux Éric; Vue sur le Pont;Ville-Marie Montreal and Écomusée du Fier Monde, 2005 Gourney, Isabelle; Canlaethem, France; Montreal Metropolis 1880-1930; Stoddart Publishing Co., 1998 Guillet, Edwin C.; The Story of Canadian Roads; University of Toronto Press, 1966 Larsen, Lars B.; Documents of Contemporary Art: Networks; Whitechapel Gallery and MIT Press, 2014 Lewis, Robert; Manufacturing Montreal; The John Hopkins University Press, 2000 Lortie, André et al.; Montreal Thinks Big:The Sixties; Douglas&McIntyre, 2004 Marsan, Jean-Claude; Montreal in Evolution; McGill Queen’s University Press, 1981 Neal, Zachary P.; The Connected City; Routledge, 2013 Rémillard, Francois; Montreal Architecture: a Guide to Styles and Buildings; Meridian Press, 1990 Smith, Andrew; Events and Urban Regeneration; Routledge, 2012 Townsend, Anthony M.; Smart Cities; Norton, 2013. Wilson, L.R.; The Montreal South Shore Bridge; Dominion Bridge Company, 1930 Wolfe, Joshuia; Grenier, Cécile; Discover Montrel; Libre Expression, 1991 WEB (All last referenced September 5, 2014) 375mtl.com Donnees.ville.montreal.qc.ca Lesfaubourgs.ca Smartcityexpomtl.com Tourisme-montreal.org Ville.montreal.qc.ca

REFERENCES

ARTICLES AND DOCUMENTS ”Presentation of the Four Axes of the 2014 Montreal Smart and Digital City Strategy”;Ville Montreal, 2014 ”Programme Particulier d’Urbanisme, Quartier Sainte-Marie”;Ville-Marie, January 2012 Bruemmer, René; ”Montreal’s Mapping Database to be made publicly available”; Montreal Gazette, June 11 2014 Andersen, Camilla Siggaard; ”Montreal Smart City, Sainte-Marie Smart Community”; Issuu, September 2014 OTHER RESSOURCES Collections at Écomusée du Fier Monde, July 2014 Collections at Musée McCord, July 2014 Interview with Nancy Dunton, July 7 2014. See appendix for full interview transcript. Interview with Marie-Claude Plourde, July 5 2014. See appendix for full interview transcript. Interview with Wade Eide, July 15, 2014 Lecture by Lecavalier, Jesse; ETH Zürich, September 11, 2012 Lecture by Escerich, Kim; Future Cities Conference; November 7, 2013 Map by Louis Charland; ”Plan de la Ville de Cité de Montréal”; 1801 Map by Chas. E. Goad; ”Atlas of the City of Montreal”; 1881 Map by A.R. Pinsoneault; ”Atlas of the Island and City of Montreal and Île Bizard”; 1907 Map by Service d’Urbanisme; ”Plans d’utilisation du Sol de la Ville Montréal”; 1949 Statistics Canada, 2006 census.

THESIS PROJECT - CAMILLA SIGGAARD ANDERSEN THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ARTS SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - WINTER 2015

6




ALL RIGHTS RESERVED


Thesis Design Proposal: Smart City/Smart Community