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IMPORTANT NOTE: If you do not see a candidate listed in our voter guide it is because he/she did not respond to our questionnaire. Please do take time to learn about each candidate and ballot issues through the following resources: •Study each candidate’s official web site, which is listed in the WA State Secretary of State 2012 General Elections Voter Guide: https://wei.sos.wa.gov/ agency/osos/en/press_and_research/PreviousElections/2012/General-Election/Pages/Online-Voters-Guide.aspx (A paper version of this Guide was also mailed to all voters). ◦The candidates’ web sites will tell you where they stand on issues and who has endorsed them. •Information on ballot measures may also be found through the above link and the paper Voter Guides mailed to your home.


Table of Contents of Races and Candidates who Responded to our Questionnaire U.S. Representative Congressional District 7 Jim McDermott U.S. Representative Congressional District 9 Adam Smith Washington State Secretary of State Kim Wyman Kathleen Drew Washington State Attorney General Bob Ferguson Superintendent of Public Instruction Ronald L. (Ron) Higgins Washington State Governor Rob McKenna Jay Inslee State Senator Legislative District 1 Rosemary McAuliffe State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 1 Derek Stanford State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 5 David Spring State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 6 Dennis Dellwo State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 8 Jay Clough State Senator Legislative District 11 Bob Hasegawa State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 11 Jim Flynn State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 14 Paul Spencer State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 20 John Morgan State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 23 Sherry V. Appleton


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 23 James Olson State Senator Legislative District 27 John R. (Jack) Connelly Jeannie Darneille State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 27 Steven Cook Laurie Jinkins State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 27 Jake Fey State Senator Legislative District 28 Yoshie Wong State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 28 Paul Wagemann State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 30 Roger Flygare State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 31 Brian Gunn State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 32 Cindy Ryu State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 32 Robert Reedy State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 36 Noel Christina Frame Gael Tarleton State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 38 John McCoy State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 40 Howard A. Pellett State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 41 Tim Eaves State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 43 Kshama Sawant State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 44 Hans Dunshee State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 44 Mary McNaughton


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 45 Larry Springer State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 46 Gerry Pollet State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 46 Jessyn Farrell Sarajane Siegfriedt State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 48 Ross Hunter State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 48 Hank Myers Supreme Court Justice Position 9 Sheryl Gordon McCloud Richard B. Sanders


Preface CAIR-WA is proud to present its Washington State Muslim Voter Guide for the 2012 General Elections. This voter guide covers 39 races across Washington State. It has basic biographic information on each candidate running in these races who responded to our questionnaire. Additionally, we sent out questionnaires to each candidate via e-mail and made follow-up phone calls to each. However only about 50 candidates returned our questionnaires. We have only included races in this guide from which we received at least one response, so this guide does not include every race occurring in Washington State this year. Thus, this guide’s utility in making candidates’ views and stances known is very limited and we strongly encourage readers to consult other resources to become better informed about the candidates and ballot issues before voting. Some additional resources include: •WA Secretary of State’s 2012 General Elections Voter Guide where you will also find candidates’ web sites:: https://wei.sos.wa.gov/agency/osos/en/press_and_research/ PreviousElections/2012/General-Election/Pages/Online-Voters-Guide.aspx •CAIR National’s presidential election voter guide: http://www.cair.com/portals/0/ pdf/2012_Presidential_Voter_Guide.pdf •League of Women Voters’ voter guide: http://onyourballot.vote411.org/index.do

Please be aware that most of the races covered in this guide are not applicable to every Washington State voter. The races for U.S. Senate, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, and Superintendent of Public Instruction apply to all Washington State voters. The other races apply only to residents of particular congressional (federal level) and legislative (state level) districts. Visit www.redistricting.wa.gov/DistrictFinder and enter your address to find what congressional district and legislative district you live in and then use those numbers to find the candidates that are running for positions in your particular districts.


A glossary of terms is also available near the end of this voter guide with definitions of various words used in both our questions and the candidates’ answers. In evaluating candidate responses, we encourage you to be critical readers. As you read candidates’ responses, question any assertions and assumptions that are expressed or implied. Beware of vague or simplistic answers to complex problems, and keep in mind the limitations in power of various political offices when assessing candidates’ promises. As a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization, CAIR-WA does not endorse any candidate or political party. This voter guide is merely a resource for you to use in making your decisions. Please be aware of important deadlines as voting in Washington state happens by mail and not at an actual polling site. You must mail your election ballot by November 6, 2012. Every vote counts. Remember that the 2004 gubernatorial election in our state was won by just 130 votes. Your vote will make a significant difference in election results. Please be sure to vote and ensure that your friends and family members also mail their ballot before the deadlines. If you have any questions about the methodologies we used in compiling this voter guide, feel free to contact us. Sincerely, CAIR-WA Government Affairs Team: Marwa Almusawi, Ricky Spruel, Danny Smith, and Erin Peña. Email: cairwagovernmentaffairs@gmail.com Phone: 206.367.4081 This document’s design work was done by Emily Marriott. Cover work was done by Nicole Kandi.


Additional Resources We strongly encourage you to make use of these resources. This guide is incomplete simply because not all candidates responded to our questions. To get a better understanding of the candidates, it is necessary to consult additional resources. The Washington State Voter Guide that was mailed to you is an invaluable resource, as are the candidates’ websites. •www.redistricting.wa.gov/DistrictFinder - to look up which congressional and legislative district you live in. •http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/ - Washington Secretary of State website with general information on elections and voting. •http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/Top2Primary.aspx/ - Information on how Washington’s primary elections work. •https://wei.sos.wa.gov/agency/osos/en/press_and_research/PreviousElections/2012/General-Election/Pages/Online-Voters-Guide.aspx Washington State Voter Guide. •http://www.sos.wa.gov/_assets/elections/Office_Descriptions.pdf - Information on the responsibilities of and qualifications for various federal and state level offices. •http://www.cair.com/portals/0/pdf/2012_Presidential_Voter_Guide.pdf - CAIR National’s presidential election voter guide.


Federal Congressional Questionnaire 1. How specifically do you propose dealing with America’s budget deficit? 2. How specifically would you encourage job growth and economic recovery? 3. In your opinion, how should America’s relationship with Iran be? 4. What do you believe America’s specific role should be in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict? 5. What do you believe America’s specific role should be toward the increasing Israeli settlements in the West Bank, which have been deemed to be illegal by the United Nations?[1] 6. What is your stance towards the USA PATRIOT Act and the provisions of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) of 2012 that many civil rights groups believe allow for easy targeting of Muslims?[2] What specific actions, if any, do you plan to take concerning these two acts? 7. What specific actions will you take to increase educational, economic, and other opportunities for racial and ethnic minorities of low income? 8. Many community members are concerned with the use of racial, ethnic, and religious profiling in law enforcement. What specific actions, if any, will you take to address these concerns? 9. Recent discoveries by the mainstream press of anti-Muslim training materials[3] that have been consistently used for many years by law-enforcement agencies and the military are troubling to Washington State Muslims and civil rights groups. What specific actions, if any, will you take to address these concerns? 10. What specific actions, if any, will you take to help correct the anti-Muslim training already imparted to many members of the military and law enforcement agencies? 11. Many community members are concerned with the spike in Islamophobia,[4] anti-Muslim hate speech, and anti-Muslim hate incidents.[5] What specific actions, if any, will you take to address these concerns?


12. Recently, Anti-Sharia law legislation has been passed or considered in several states.[6] We also know that across the US, religious laws are taken into consideration by courts, such as between consenting Jews (Halachic Law) as well as Christians (Canon Law). What do you think of Sharia (Islamic) Law[7] being used in courts among consenting parties in Washington State?


U.S. Representative Congressional District 7 Jim McDermott 1. Addressing the budget requires consistent, disciplined action that reduces debt while protecting programs critical to society. Steps include eliminating Bush tax cuts; eliminating tax subsidies to the oil industry; ending military presence in Afghanistan; and implementing the Affordable HealthCare Act. 2. We must make prompt and substantial investments in infrastructure, education, public safety, and technology development. These sectors of the economy are engines of recovery, but we have been timid in our commitment to them. 3. It must be built on respect and caution. Nuclear non-proliferation is critical; pursuit of that objective should be accompanied by ongoing effort to identify and engage in areas of mutual concern, including humanitarian activity, trade, and educational initiatives. 4. The United States should make every effort to encourage a meaningful negotiated settlement to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Although recent attempts to restart peace talks have been unsuccessful, we must continue to seek ways to enable the parties to resume negotiations. 5. In my judgment, the current Israeli policy of expanding settlements is ill-advised. The Obama Administration has been forthright in expressing its concern over settlement expansion. 6. I voted against the USA PATRIOT Act in 2001 and am against the provisions of the National Defense Authorization Act of 2012. 7. I will continue my long-time efforts to improve opportunities. My record confirms efforts to expand educational, employment, health, and social opportunities to those of low income; protection of these initiatives is critical with budget reductions and diminished services.


8. Racial profiling is deeply concerning and completely unacceptable. Although most decisions governing law enforcement personnel and policy are determined at the municipal level, I support federal Department of Justice efforts to identify and confront profiling throughout the country. 9. Recent disclosure of these materials is deeply troubling. I will support efforts to locate and eliminate any discriminatory materials and to provide appropriate training and redirection to individuals and organizations using such materials. 10. Although I do not sit on the House Armed Services Committee, I will encourage my colleagues to address this issue. I will support Defense Department initiatives to address this, including support funding training of agency personnel and replacing training materials. 11. I will continue to speak out, and to support the efforts of educational, religious, social, and law enforcement entities to address hate speech and incidents. The most effective weapons against hate speech and action are knowledge, education, and experience. 12. If individuals wish to abide by Sharia law in addition to compliance with secular laws of the country, they are free to do so. US courts at all levels of government are secular institutions which embrace the civil legal system.


U.S. Representative Congressional District 9 Adam Smith 1. We must address our deficit with a fair, long-term plan that balances spending cuts and revenue increases. We need to reform our tax system to provide predicbility to taxpayers and businesses while making the best use of tax dollars. 2. Being competitive in the global marketplace requires that we invest in our workforce and infrastructure. I support legislation that boosts our economy by promoting quality education, skills training, and investments in technology and infrastructure as the bedrock of economic growth. 3. I would like peaceful engagement directly with the Iranian people. Yet, we cannot allow their government to continue its nuclear enrichment programs, a threat to the international community. Economic sanctions and diplomacy are key tools for resolving this issue. 4. The US has a clear role in encouraging both sides to continue to engage and negotiate toward a peaceful solution to the conflict and the achievement of a two autonomous states - Jewish and Palestinian -living side by side. 5. A resolution to this issue will be necessary to a lasting peace. The United States must do everything possible to be a positive broker and encourage Israeli and Palestinian authorities to resume negotiations. 6. I’m keenly aware of the potential dangers posed by domestic surveillance and detention programs. That is why I introduced H.R.4192 this year to protect all Americans from indefinite detention without due process in civilian courts. 7. Equal opportunity and access to quality education provide an essential foundation for a strong middle class. I want to invest in schools, especially lower income communities, to ensure that all Americans have access to the tools that provide economic opportunity.


8. I’m co-sponsor of H.R. 3618 and support legislation that prohibits profiling based on race, ethnicity, or national origin. I have supported legislative efforts seeking to provide increased training programs for law enforcement that addresses and protects individuals’ civil rights. 9. This issue must be corrected quickly. We must provide those who keep us safe with adequate training materials that do not marginalize individuals in our community. We must provide increased training programs for law enforcement that addresses these issues. 10. Maintaining our support of military personnel both on and off the battlefield is crucial; this includes factual and culturally sensitive training and information. We must ensure our service members and law enforcement personnel are properly trained with correct information. 11. Hate incidents detract from the peace and cultural richness of our community by inciting fear. I will stand strongly for all members of the community who live and contribute to our social, economic, and political diversity. 12. The use of religious law in Washington State is primarily a state-level issue, I am supportive of sound jurisprudence and a justice system that is fair and accessible to all persons of all faiths and backgrounds.


Washington State Secretary of State Questionnaire 1. Why would you be a better Secretary of State than the other candidates running for this position?

Candidate Responses to the Washington State Secretary of State Questionnaire Kim Wyman 1. As a four-term County Auditor, I am the only candidate in the race with the job-related experience that comes from leading a nationally recognized, award winning office. My collaborative leadership style has earned a range of endorsements from the Washington Education Association and Building Industry Association of Washington to Republican, Democratic, and nonpartisan leaders, including 65 former and current county auditors. I have dedicated 19 years to protecting voters and ensuring accurate elections. I bring proven unbiased stewardship of our elections and public records so that you have confidence in the accuracy of counts, security of ballots, and voter accessibility. Kathleen Drew 1. “All of us promise to keep elections “fair” “nonpartisan” and run this office to create more “trust” in elections…BUT what separates me from the rest of the pack is that I’m the Real Deal: I am the ONLY candidate proposing to make the Secretary of State’s office FULLY NONPARTISAN. Partisanship undermines the authority, duty and integrity of the office. It instills an inherent suspicion in the administrations of our elections. Only a nonpartisan can take the political parties to empower every voter… And that’s what I aim to do.


Washington State Attorney General Questionnaire 1. What specific actions will you take to increase educational, economic, and other opportunities for racial and ethnic minorities of low income? 2. Many community members are concerned with the use of racial, ethnic, and religious profiling in law enforcement. What, if anything, will you do specifically to address these concerns? 3. How exactly will you guarantee to protect the rights of all legal US residents, especially racial, ethnic and religious minorities, including American Muslims? 4. How exactly will you guarantee to protect the rights of all undocumented US residents? 5. Many community members are concerned with the spike in Islamophobia,[1] anti-Muslim hate speech, and anti-Muslim hate incidents.[2] What, if anything, will you do specifically to address these concerns? 6. In your opinion, what is state government’s specific role in ensuring a high quality of education? 7. What will you do specifically to foster trust and stronger working relationships among members of law enforcement agencies and racial, ethnic, and religious minorities, including Muslims? 8. Recent discoveries by the mainstream press of anti-Muslim training materials[3] that have been consistently used for many years by law-enforcement agencies and the military are troubling to Washington State Muslims and civil rights groups. What specific actions, if any, will you take to address these concerns? 9. What specific actions, if any, will you take to help correct the anti-Muslim training already imparted to many members of the military and law enforcement agencies? 10. Recently, Anti-Sharia law legislation has been passed or considered in several states.[4] We also know that across the US, religious laws are taken into consideration by courts, such as between consenting Jews (Halachic Law) as well as Christians (Canon Law). What do you think of Shar-

ia (Islamic) Law [5] being used in courts among consenting parties in Washington State?


Bob Ferguson 1. Before law school, I ran an emergency services office in a minority community where I also lived. As Attorney General, I will protect consumers in vulnerable communities like those that speak English as a second language. 2. I oppose show-me-your-papers laws like what was passed in Arizona. My opponent supports those. He voted to allow Sheriff ’s deputies the ability to demand proof of citizenship from residents based solely on appearance, skin color, or language. 3. As Attorney General, I will stand up for the rights of all Washingtonians and defend those rights when threatened. For example, I will enforce the laws relating to voting rights and ensure minority communities are not disenfranchised. 4. As Attorney General, I will defend Washington State laws that protect the rights of all Washingtonians, including undocumented residents. I will enforce laws aimed specifically at protecting undocumented residents from discrimination and harm. 5. As Attorney General, I will continue my relationship with the Washington Islamic community and maintain an open door policy. I will use the bully pulpit of the office to speak out against hate speech and hate incidents. 6. The State Supreme Court has clearly stated that the state has a paramount duty to adequately fund education. As Attorney General, I will ensure the state fulfills that responsibility and follows the constitution. 7. Communication and dialogue are key to fostering good working relationships and trust between law enforcement and the community, which we need to keep communities safe. As Attorney General, I will do what I can to promote communication and dialogue. 8. Together with law enforcement, I will work with all interested parties and address any such issues that may arise in Washington State. 9. I am the only candidate to attend the Council on American-Islamic Relations 10th Annual Banquet. I know how important these issues are to you. Please see above.


10. Anti-Sharia laws are unnecessary and unhelpful. I oppose efforts to pass similar legislation in Washington State because US and state constitutions and laws govern our residents.


Superintendent of Public Instruction Questionnaire 1. According to complaints received from local Muslim students and parents and documented by the CAIR-WA office, there is a disproportionately high number of books in school libraries and antiIslam lectures being given to students in middle and high schools, compared to books and instruction hostile toward other racial, ethnic and religious minorities. What specific action, if any, will you take to address these concerns? 2. Specifically, what are some ways that you might help improve Washington State’s education system? 3. What specific actions, if any, will you take to ensure appropriate accommodations for the religious holidays and observances of all students, including Muslim students, in our schools? For example, Muslims believe that they must perform congregational Friday prayers in a mosque, typically between the hours of 1:30-2:30pm during daylight savings months and 12:30-1:30pm the rest of the year. Thus Muslim students are often faced with the choice of missing classes or missing Friday prayer services.


Ronald Higgins 1. Schools must disseminate the truth to prepare students to make informed decisions and assume their roles as responsible men and women in our sovereign, constitutional republic and free enterprise economy. Inaccurate information should be identified and replaced with accurate information. 2. Focus on building communication, computation, and civics skills in our children. Teach them the US Constitution and Declaration of Independence principles that made our people and nation free and prosperous. Protect them from bullying by wellfinanced, agenda-driven pressure groups. 3. The First Amendment lists religious freedom first. Schools must accommodate their students’ religious beliefs, provided they don’t interfere with the rights of others. Students need to make arrangements with their teachers ahead of time to keep up with course work


State Races Questionnaire 1. With the economy still lagging, if budget cuts are made by the legislature - what specific programs would you protect? 2. Are you in favor of creating revenue through taxes in order to take a balanced approach to the state budget? 3. How exactly would you encourage job growth and economic recovery? 4. What specific actions will you take to increase educational, economic, and other opportunities for racial and ethnic minorities of low income? 5. Many community members are concerned with the use of racial, ethnic, and religious profiling in law enforcement. What, if anything, will you do specifically to address these concerns? 6. How exactly will you guarantee to protect the rights of all legal US residents, especially racial, ethnic and religious minorities, including American Muslims? 7. How exactly will you guarantee to protect the rights of all undocumented US residents? 8. Many community members are concerned with the spike in Islamophobia,[1] anti-Muslim hate speech, and anti-Muslim hate incidents.[2] What, if anything, will you do specifically to address these concerns? 9. In your opinion, what is state government’s specific role in ensuring a high quality of education? 10. If elected, will you work to increase or decrease state funding for early, K-12, and higher education? 10. If elected, will you work to increase or decrease state funding for early, K-12, and higher education? 11. What will you do specifically to foster trust and stronger working relationships among members of law enforcement agencies and racial, ethnic, and religious minorities, including Muslims?


12. Recent discoveries by the mainstream press of anti-Muslim training materials[3] that have been consistently used for many years by law-enforcement agencies and the military are troubling to Washington State Muslims and civil rights groups. What specific actions, if any, will you take to address these concerns? 13. What specific actions, if any, will you take to help correct the anti-Muslim training already imparted to many members of the military and law enforcement agencies? 14. Is more efficient public transit a priority of yours, and if so, what specific actions will you take to improve public transportation? 15. Recently, Anti-Sharia law legislation has been passed or considered in several states.[4] We also know that across the US, religious laws are taken into consideration by courts, such as between consenting Jews (Halachic Law) as well as Christians (Canon Law). What do you think of Sharia (Islamic) Law [5] being used in courts among consenting parties in Washington State?


Washington State Governor Rob McKenna 1. Washington’s constitution says education is our paramount duty, and I agree. I have a specific plan to reinvest in our kids and schools. My reform ideas lay out how to make government more productive so we can afford our priorities. 2. State revenue is expected to grow by $11.4 billion in the next eight years. If we prioritize our spending, we can fund what’s important, such as schools and the social safety net, without raising taxes. 3. Last year I organized 14 small business roundtables to hear directly from business owners and managers. We need to make it less expensive to do business by allowing competition in workers compensation and simplifying the “red tape” government imposes. 4. We must increase school and university funding and eliminate the achievement gap between students of color and white students. By using proven reforms and putting the kids first, we can use flexible strategies to support students and improve their achievement. 5. Racial profiling is a real concern. A governor’s direct law enforcement involvement is with the State Patrol, and I will ensure the proper safeguards are in place. I know our professional, dedicated law enforcement community wants to tackle these issues. 6. I am a vigorous defender of our Bill of Rights and our court’s role in ensuring those rights. We are all equal under the law. 7. As this is a federal issue, I look forward to working with our Congressional delegation to ensure that everyone is treated with respect and within their rights. 8. I am interested in hearing the Muslim community’s concerns and what government and the law enforcement community can do to promote peace and tranquility. 9. We need to do right by our kids and institute proven reforms in our schools, like paying effective teachers more, rewarding them for working at the most challenging schools, and connecting teacher evaluations to student progress.


10. After seven terms of Democratic governors eroding education funding, we need a governor who is serious about investing in education. We have to put school funding first and reinvest in universities so students aren’t priced out of a college education. 11. As I have done as Attorney General with many different communities, I will use the governor’s office to be a convener. With open dialogue, we can work through issues. 12. My administration will be one that celebrates diversity and is open to hearing the concerns of all communities. 13. As a member of the Criminal Justice Training Commission, I will work with law enforcement to ensure that training given to our police officers is appropriate, as I will with our Congressional delegation to ensure that military training is appropriate. 14. Recognizing the need for quality transit, on the County Council I pushed for efficient, flexible Bus Rapid Transit, which I preferred over expensive fixed rail. I am open to working with local governments that want more local options for funding. 15. Private parties can enter into many types of contractual agreements that are consistent with state and national law.


Washington State Governor Jay Inslee 1. I am committed to stopping cuts to education and higher education. I will work with the legislature and the people to set priorities, protect vital services and ensure that state government does its part to get Washington working. 2. I do not believe new taxes are the right choice for Washington. We got in this hole when hundreds of thousands of Washingtonians lost their jobs, we will get out of it when we get those people back to work. 3. Washington is a unique state and we are innovative people. My jobs plan is tailored to Washington’s strengths, and our unique mix of agriculture, industry and innovation. I have more than 100 specific proposals that I believe will ensure. 4. Kids in our poor and minority communities can achieve equally in a system that treats them fairly and maintains high expectations. We must provide equal access to tools, resources, and opportunities for all of our students. We cannot accept. 5. As governor, I will be committed to increased cultural competency training for law enforcement and a review of law enforcement measures on these issues. 6. See attached letter. 7. Undocumented US residents are afforded equal protection under the law under the US Constitution. The Constitution, as interpreted and upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court guarantees that no state shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process. 8. I, and my future administration, will not tolerate hate speech or incidents in any form. I am committed to an open door administration, where members of the Muslim community will have a friend and advocate in the Governor’s office. 9. Beyond funding, where the state clearly plays an important role, the single most important thing the state can do is provide accountability. Teachers and administrators around the state are doing creative, innovative and effective things in the classroom.


10. I am committed to increasing funding for education across the board, and I believe that my plan to get our economy going is the only way to guarantee long-term funding stability for our schools. 11. I would like to see regular cultural competency training for law enforcement agencies. I would also encourage law enforcement to agencies to strengthen relationships with communities of color through town halls and civic events 12. Materials which racially profile or discriminate against any minority communities should not be included or used by law enforcement agencies in Washington State. I will direct my staff to bring any such materials to my attention for review and assessment. 13. As governor, I will welcome a review of all training materials being used by law enforcement at the state level. All training materials should be culturally competent and appropriate. 14. More efficient public transportation is critical to reduce congestion, reduce pollution, make people more productive and make our state more livable. I support light rail and will work to get the rail projects that have been approved built. 15. I believe that there is a place for key documents of church, mosque or synagogue governance in resolving disputes related to the discipline of clergy and administrative aspects of religious life in the U.S. I think that parties should.


State Senator Legislative District 1 Rosemary McAuliffe 1. Early learning programs for our littlest learners. All day kindergarten, basic education and higher education. As well as, programs that support our most vulnerable citizens; the elderly, disabled, and those who live in poverty. 2. I am in favor of creating revenue by growing the economy and creating jobs. To raise revenue through taxes requires a vote of the people. 3. Investing in the infrastructure around the state by investing in transportation projects and encouraging cities and counties to improve their infrastructure. 4. Education is the key to prosperity. I support programs, scholarships, and work force training to help people attain skills that lead to family wage jobs. I support low income housing in all communities. 5. Law enforcement must receive training on multi-culturally appropriate responses on an on-going basis. 6. All people need to be treated equally under the law. I would encourage communities to celebrate our differences through fairs, festivals and multi-cultural events. 7. All Washington State and U.S. residents need to be provided the opportunity to attend our public schools, live in safe communities and be employed free of discrimination. 8. I too am deeply concerned by the rise of Islamophobia. I believe open and free discussion is needed. My door is always open to anyone who has ideas on solving this growing problem. 9. The Washington State constitution states: it is the paramount duty of the state to fully fund basic education. A high quality education means every child needs a high quality teacher. SB 6696 created a quality evaluation system for teachers and principals. 10. Increase!


11. Trust and strong working relationships are developed and valued when we work and learn together, when we know each other and when we share our differences. 12. I would encourage a review with participants from the Washington State Muslims and Civil Rights groups to change training materials to address these concerns. 13. On-going education within the military and law enforcement agencies with appropriate training materials is needed. 14. Public transit is a high priority for the people I represent. I have supported bus only lanes to create a dependable efficient transportation system. I have supported partnerships with state and federal transit investments to build park and ride lots. 15. I would need to have a discussion with members of the Muslim community and civil rights group to become educated on this subject.


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 1 Derek Stanford 1. I would focus on protecting children. Making sure our kids have education, access to health care, food to eat, and a safe place to live is critical during an economic downturn. 2. We do need a balanced approach, and we should start by closing outdated and unproductive tax loopholes. We also need a fairer tax system; we should stop taxing middle class families at a higher rate than wealthy families. 3. I supported the “Jobs Now Act�[1] to get our economy moving through investments in infrastructure and schools. I also support giving cities and counties more flexibility to make their own capital investments in ways that make sense locally. 4. I support early learning programs, which have been proven to help struggling students from low income and minority families. I am also a strong advocate for improving our financial aid system for access to higher education. 5. No one should be targeted by law enforcement simply on the basis of their race or religion. Every person deserves fair treatment, the benefit of due process, and freedom from harassment. 6. I support our non-discrimination laws; also, we must be vigilant to root out institutional racism in our government. 7. All residents, regardless of documentation, are human beings who are entitled to dignity and safety. The documentation process can be complex and lengthy, with many grey areas due to complicated and contradictory federal immigration policies. 8. We must respond to hate incidents swiftly and demonstrate community support for people who are targeted. We also need to hold perpetrators accountable and show that this sort of divisive hatred has no place in our society.


9. State government plays a huge role in our education system, including funding, setting standards for curriculum and employees, and performing an oversight role with the power to step in if things go wrong. 10. I have successfully advocated for increases in early learning funding, as well as avoiding any cuts to K-12 and higher ed in the supplemental budget last session. We must increase education funding in this state. 11. I believe community outreach is an important part of law enforcement in any community. Law enforcement is more effective and more welcomed when there is understanding of the needs and concerns of different groups within the community. 12. Prejudicial targeting of any racial or religious group is damaging to the effectiveness of our military and law enforcement personnel and damaging to our communities. I would contact the agencies doing this and seek to correct their procedures. 13. Training and professional development are an ongoing effort for any military or law enforcement agency. This provides opportunity to correct earlier problems as part of these ongoing training programs, and I would call on agencies to do this. 14. Yes, I fought for better funding for bus service, as well as giving local governments more flexibility in funding transit projects. I also support “complete streets� to make sure that roads can be safely used by bicycles and pedestrians. 15. Every person has a right to make their own religious choices. It is unconstitutional to have laws promoting or opposing any particular religion, so I would oppose antiSharia laws. Our courts have no expertise in religious law.


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 5 David Spring 1. All of them. We should cut corporate tax breaks not State services. 2. No. I am in favor of repealing corporate tax breaks. 3. I have proposed a full employment program funded entirely be repealing corporate tax breaks. See my website:springforhouse.org 4. Fully funding public schools, colleges and universities. 5. I oppose racial or religious discrimination of any kind. 6. The best way to promote tolerance is through education – especially in the public schools. 7. I am open to any bill protecting all citizens. 8. The best way to promote tolerance is through education – especially in the public schools. 9. The paramount duty of the state is to fully fund public schools. 10. I will dramatically increase funding for education. 11. Again, education is the key. 12. I would be willing to hold hearings on a bill to correct this problem. 13. Again the key is producing a bill and gaining support for the bill 14. I am a leader of the Washington Public Bank Coalition. A public bank would cut the cost of public transportation projects in half.


15. I am not in favor of separate laws for separate groups. I think that all should receive the same benefits of the same laws.


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 6 Dennis Dellwo 1. I would protect education, K-12 and Higher Education; the safety net programs for those that cannot take care of themselves and programs that work towards restoring our economy. 2. Yes, we have a regressive system now. We need to amend/reform our tax structure. New revenue will be needed to fully fund education and the infrastructure needed to support an inclusive community. Taxes dedicated to just specific projects, such as K-12. 3.We can create jobs with our Capital budget but need to go farther and encourage changes that attract businesses to the State. Streamline our system of tax and fees; educate our children for the jobs that we want to attract. 4. We need to work to encourage all students regardless of color, ethnic background and income status to attend school. We need culturally competent teachers and staff to work with and encourage these students to return and participate in education. 5. This needs to stop. We need to make it a crime to profile. 6. These rights are now protected and these laws need to be enforced. If not protected, the law needs to be changed to include that portion of our residents. 7. We need to do whatever is possible to protect the rights of undocumented US residents. This is more of a federal issue, but the state can protect individuals from unfair treatment. 8. I would be willing to meet with you and explore anything we can do to address this concern. 9. The State has a paramount duty to provide basic education to our students. The Supreme Court is requiring us to fully fund that. 10. Increase the funding as is required by our constitution and the courts.


11. I don’t know. I would be happy to consider your thoughts on this. I do not approve of anyone that treats our people poorly. 12. I would work to find and destroy these materials and prohibit their use. 13. I am not familiar with any military training, certainly in Washington State that is anti-Muslim. Let me know and I will do what I can to stop it. 14. I would work to fully fund busing and other mass transit. We will be without cheap oil and we need mass transit. This is one of my priorities. 15. I am not opposed to the reasonable use of Sharia Law as long as the rights of all citizens are protected.


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 8 Jay Clough 1. For too long Washington State has used the pensions and pay of first responders and teachers as a piggy bank to shore up short-term budget problems. We must invest in those who work hard for our state. 2. There are over 480 tax breaks and loopholes for businesses on the west side. We need a comprehensive review of them to find out which are creating jobs and economic activity and which are simply corporate welfare. 3. The Red Mountain interchange, the creation of an energy park, and South Kennewick are all badly needed infrastructure projects in the Tri-Cities. These will attract manufacturing, and boost and diversify our economy in the short and long-term. 4. Washington State has equal opportunity laws that must be followed, and I will work to ensure they are. I will work to strengthen all schools and create a climate where jobs are created. 5. I’m against the use of racial and ethnic profiling. Not only is it immoral, but very ineffective. We need to work with police and citizens to find real common sense solutions that actually lower crime rates. 6. I will review all bills and listen to community leaders to make sure that legislation being passed is in keeping with our values of fairness and equality for all people of Washington State. 7. No matter what any individual’s status, all human beings share human rights, and I’ll vote to ensure all residents are treated fairly and with dignity and respect. 8. Fear and intolerance must be stomped out wherever it is found. I will stand with members of my community and speak out against hate. 9. Our state government needs to listen and be responsive to the needs of teachers, parents and administrators. We must adequately fund our education system, and implement those practices and policies that are most effective and cost-efficient.


10. Increase. Not only is this constitutionally mandated, but it’s the right thing to do for students, and the economic future of our state. Fully funding schools in our state will ensure that Washington students are competitive in the global marketplace. 11. Sometimes things as simple as helping foster a dialogue can go a long way towards improving relationships. I would facilitate meetings where it could help the community. 12. If there is any Anti-Muslim training occurring, it is unacceptable. We must work with our military and law enforcement to ensure that all citizens receive the same share of liberty and freedom guaranteed by our framers. 13. If there is any Anti-Muslim training occurring, it is unacceptable. We must work with our military and law enforcement to ensure that all citizens receive the same share of liberty and freedom guaranteed by our framers. 14. Improved public transportation is a portion of the kind of infrastructure improvements that need to be made in our state. We must be smart and effective with our investments, and move portions towards public transport where warranted. 15. We are a nation of laws not men, and regardless of religious affiliations, the law must apply to all citizens equally. I believe strongly in the 1st and 14th amendments and will keep these amendments in mind when crafting or voting on legislation.


State Senator Legislative District 11 Bob Hasegawa 1. I’m sorry but I cannot pre-commit to a Sophie’s choice. That being said, essential programs that meet basic human needs and fundamental social problems and issues are my choices to fill in the first level of Mazlow’s hierarchy. 2. YES. See my 2011-12 House Bills 1889, 2054, 2084, 2089, 2090, 2091, 2092, 2093, 2094, 2100, 2157, and any more in previous biennia. 3. HB 2434-Creating the Washington Investment Trust would leverage taxpayers’ dollars to work for the benefit of Washington State, not Wall Street. We can generate many more jobs than the current bond and revolving loan processes. 4. I have a proven track record of fighting for equity of access for everyone to educational, economic, and other opportunities. Fighting against privatization and outsourcing, eliminating the educational opportunity gap, and racial equity in employment are just a very few. 5. I have a proven track record of fighting against issues that lead to racial profiling and infringe on our constitutional protections for all people. I’m firmly committed to protecting everyone’s civil rights. 6. I have a lifelong proven track record of fighting against issues that lead to racial profiling and infringe on our constitutional protections for all people. I’ve always been, and will continue to be firmly committed to protecting everyone’s civil rights. 7. I have a lifelong proven track record of fighting against issues that lead to racial profiling and infringe on our constitutional protections for all people. I’ve always been, and will continue to be firmly committed to protecting everyone’s civil rights. 8. My entire family was incarcerated during World War II, just for having Japanese ancestry, even though they were American citizens. Therefore I’ve always been, and will continue to be firmly committed to protecting everyone’s civil rights.


9. It is the state’s paramount duty. We need to redefine that duty to include the broad systemic social change that recognizes the impact our entire social structure has on children, and all people’s ability to learn. 10. Increase. We also need to fund early childhood education as well as prenatal and perinatal care, parenting education, wraparound support services, create jobs that lead to stable homes, and on and on. 11. As a legislator, our job is to make laws. One cannot legislate trust, but we can require people to work together, which after time develops trust. Law enforcement should look like the public they serve. 12. That is intolerable. The practice needs to be banned, cultural sensitivity training should be universally required, and training practices and materials should be screened before used. But really, empathy and humaneness really cannot be taught. It’s a sad commentary. 13. That is intolerable. The practice needs to be banned, cultural sensitivity training should be universally required, and training practices and materials should be screened before used. But really, empathy and humaneness really cannot be taught. It’s a sad commentary. 14. Yes. We need to raise revenue to build our public transportation/transit infrastructure. 15. Sharia law should be allowed to the same extent as any other religious laws in our courts.


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 11 Jim Flynn 1. What remains of TANF1, Health Care for Disabled, scheduled New Construction 2. The focus of my campaign is to completely eliminate dependency on regressive sales and B&O tax to fund the State Government and implement a simple, adequate income tax that will provide stability during economic downturns. 3. The State must direct our resources towards building the infrastructure needed for new green energy to promote job growth. We must look at the transportation sector, especially electrified high speed rail, to promote economic development. 4. Construction projects should utilize a percentage of workers from the immediate area of the project. Make Apprenticeships and Technical Training more available to minorities. 5. I will hold the leadership of Law enforcement organizations and departments responsible for administering regulations established to stop profiling. 6. If I become aware of some systemic flaw in the application of laws to protect the rights of any citizen I will work for legislation to correct the problem. 7. Undocumented citizens who are here for non criminal reasons should be treated respectfully. The length of time they have been in Washington should be taken into consideration as well as caring for their families if they face deportation. 8. Of the hundreds of people I’ve spoken to during my campaign only one has openly spoke about anything related to racial identification, none on religious or cultural grounds. The reason I feel comfortable in the 11th LD is because of our diversity. 9. The legislature must make sure the tax dollars are spent in the most productive manner. We should be more focused on Technical Training, Two year degrees and Apprentice training, where future jobs will be.


10. We must increase state funding for K-12 and higher education, reduce class room size and support teachers as a start in making our existing system work better. 11. I encourage minorities to become active in grass roots politics, i.e. 11th LD Democratic Organization, where they can interact easily with leaders in law enforcement agencies and law making bodies. 12. If I became aware of that type of material I would speak out against it, demand it stop and work for legislation to prevent it from ever happening again. 13. I am a Vietnam Era Veteran of the US Coast Guard. It is hard to imagine that type of training would exist. If so, it must be stopped immediately. Religious freedom and tolerance has always been a port of our American tradition.. 14. Transit systems are mostly the jurisdiction of Counties and Municipalities. I will work to bring interested parties together and help with bonding issues. I am in favor of high speed rail projects for Western US. Find new and keep existing shipping companies 15. I feel that there must be a separation of Church and State. I wish to represent the taxpayers of the 11th Legislative District. Any litigation in any court in the USA should be decided by US Law only.


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 14 Paul Spencer 1. Education, WA DNR[1], Housing Trust Fund, HOME[2], Medicaid – primary concerns for me. 2. Yes. I propose to file a bill setting up another referendum for an I-1098 type of tax on the high-income individuals and businesses. In addition I support Bob Hasegawa’s bill that creates a state bank (WA Investment Trust). 3. Similar program to that of Jay Inslee for manufacturing and deployment of renewable-energy devices and systems. In addition I support a very large increase in Housing Trust Fund money to build ‘affordable housing’. 4. I don’t know. What do y’all suggest? Frankly, my concern is for the whole low-income group 5. Via legislative resolution, workshops with law enforcement personnel, and publicity first. Second by budget language that prohibits the practice. 6. See above. Basically, it’s all about application of our U.S. and state Constitutions and laws. 7. If you mean rights of due process and habeas corpus, we could write a bill that addresses those specifically. Beyond that, you’ll have to tell me what you have in mind. 8. We have sufficient laws to address these matters. The only step that I would promise would be to witness against Islamophobia. 9. First, I would re-establish ‘vocational training’ programs and separate ‘special ed’ programs in high schools, since one of the common themes among teachers is that loading classrooms with uninterested or disruptive students decreases the quality and quantity of instruction


10. Increase early and K-12. Colleges need to work on budget control (lower salaries and less administration). 11. See above answers 4., 5., 6., 7., and 8. 12. If such training exists in WA state, then we need to identify the units that have received it and counter that training. Personally, I would rely on you (and other civil rights groups) to present evidence, and then I. 13. Show me the evidence, and then we can consider action 14. Definitely. Build on existing, successful programs via publicity. Create revolving loan funds and bond issues that will help to build the infrastructure. 15. No problem with such consideration among consenting parties.


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 20 John Morgan 1. All programs must be reviewed first. 2. Maybe some Temp tax. 3. Reducing some fees and relaxing some Regulations will help. 4. There are already Programs. 5. No comment 6. Laws are already in place for all People. 7. All illegal aliens are to be deported. 8. No comment 9. No comment 10. Depends on the Budget 11. No comment 12. No comment 13. No comment 14. The present system is what we can afford. 15. No comment


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 23 Sherry V. Appleton 1. I will protect the safety net as I am Vice-Chair of Health and Human Services Appropriations and my responsibilities are the safety nets: Basic Health, Disability Lifeline and Adult Day Health centers. 2. Yes I am. 3. Government does not create jobs but enhances the economy and jobs by repairing, restoring and creating the infrastructure, tax exemptions, etc. The Great Recession hit us hard and late, but we are slowly recovering. 4. I will work with other legislators to make sure schools are open to all, there is economic opportunity and that we bolster low income families with programs such as TANF[1], and more slots in Community and Technical colleges and more financial aid. 5. I will work with other legislators to keep legislation, such as in Arizona, from passing in this state. Our immigrant communities keep our state and nation strong. 6. Our constitution in Washington State is the strongest for protections in the nation. We also will stand in the way of legislation that would hurt any legal resident. 7. I am not sure that I alone could guarantee these freedoms, but I will work hard to make sure that all people have health care, education and housing. 8. We have laws against discrimination and we can ensure that these laws are enforced. As a former member of the Washington Advisory Group to the U.S. Civil Rights Commission I am well aware of the hate rhetoric and abhor it. 9. Our role is to fully fund basic education and make sure teachers are paid well. Children are the future, they have to have high quality education to ensure they have jobs with the Boeings and the Microsoft’s in WA State. 10. Increase for all three.


11. I will always work for understanding and tolerance. 12. As I have said above, we need to enforce the laws we have and make sure that lawenforcement agencies have the training needed to be more tolerant and not discriminate based on race, color, creed, and religious beliefs. 13. In New York and New Jersey this has happened, and I am hoping it is not part of police training here.The military is federal and I can only set an example – not becoming a part of hate mentality 14. I was a lobbyist for 11 years representing The Amalgamated Transit Legislative Council and know that public transit is a lifeline in any city or county. I will work to protect transit funding and our ferry system. 15. I believe that government should implement policies that support diversity. The Constitution prohibits government from establishing a particular religion. Ensuring that all citizens are subject to the same laws permits those with diverse beliefs to rely on the legal system.


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 23 James Olson 1. Revenues (taxes) down. Funding to programs protecting the most vulnerable/needy safety net. Law and Justice must be funded. Also K-12/HigherEd must also be constitutionally funded. Also transportation infrastructure is vital to the economic health of citizens/business. 2. We have spending, not income problem. New sales/income tax will drive away business and harm individuals. Washington must streamline, focus-missions, regulatory reform, reform B&O tax. I am opposed to job-killing state income. Support 2/3 supermajority. 3. Must create business-friendly environment to spawn jobs, jobs, private-sector jobs. Individuals must be unleashed with power to grow rich in private sector. I will support regulatory reform, education reform, smaller government footprint, privatization and refocus on core-missions. 4. Wholesale/ innovative educational reform will benefit all races/classes. Need charter schools and vouchers. We must demand higher educational performance/efficiency. Economic opportunity for all will come with reinvigorated state economy. I believe a rising tide raises all boats. 5. LE[1] leaders must with all communities regarding laws of land will be honored. Illegal profiling/discrimination will not be tolerated. LE laws and policies must be explicit about following US Constitution. Respect for all is the order of the day. 6. Constitution and Bill or Rights will be defended by me. I will demand total adherence to same. I will demand Washington Attorney General will be ready to speak against against any violations of discrimination or constitutional abridgements. 7. Will defend the Constitution for all. As part of Rule of Law, I expect all citizens and visitors to America to obey the Laws of the Land. Rule of Law prevails. Will demand all rights of US residents be respected.


8. I follow news closely and cannot find widespread anti-Muslim discrimination. Problem perhaps overstated. Hate speech and discrimination against any group is opposed by me. I will demand Rule of Law/Constitution be applied uniformly and strenuously. 9. Recent Washington State Supreme Court (McCleary v. State) has reinforced constitutional requirement for full funding of education (K-12). State must properly fund K-12 as core mission. Excellence is only option. 10. Education funding has been adequate but misspent without performance or fairness. Education must be radically reformed with charter schools, vouchers, teacher empowerment. Yes, I support full funding as core mission. Future of Washington hinges on education excellence and stability. 11. Law enforcement officers are key: religious leaders are key. Religious leaders hold the key to solving this issue. LE and religious leaders must reach across any chasm to find working relationship. 12. Facts are antidote to falsehoods about “hate” or “discrimination.” I believe this question misrepresents the facts. It is easy to overstate or misrepresent problem(s). I stand for and with US Constitution and Bill of Rights for all. 13. I am US military retired and son is US Army active duty. Claim that military has anti-Muslim problem is incorrect. No inherent anti-Muslim bias or training bias. Question is a red herring and not helpful. 14. Transportation mobility is key to all and must drive all plans. Citizens/business depend on efficient, predictable and inexpensive traffic flow. I want flow and not highcost light-rail solutions. Support versatile buses and new highways. 15. (No response)


State Senator Legislative District 27 John R. (Jack) Connelly 1. With the McCleary decision, education will be paramount. It is also critical that we maintain our safety net for vulnerable people. 2. If necessary. However, I would prefer to raise revenues in other ways first. 3. Creation of infrastructure such as SR 167 to the Port of Tacoma. Assist and encourage small business. Review B&O tax structure and regulations to determine whether we can create a better environment for start up businesses. 4. This has been a major area of emphasis in my life. We need to address the achievement gap. We need to support groups such as the incubator which helps create minority and immigrant businesses. We need to assist small businesses. 5. My law firm has handled cases against law enforcement agencies for racial profiling. We need to ensure that people are not being stopped, detained, imprisoned or deprived of rights because of race, religion or gender issues. 6. By making sure that all residents are equally entitled to all rights. I am a civil rights lawyer. Protecting people’s civil rights has been my life’s work. This will continue in the legislature and is one of the primary reasons I am running. 7. We are a nation of immigrants and must embrace people of different races and heritages. I have represented undocumented US residents in my practice and do so by working to protect their interests and making sure that they are fully aware of their rights. 8. This country is founded on the principle of freedom of religion. I am fully committed to that principle. 9. It is the paramount duty of our government. The McCleary case will now require that we fully fund basic education.


10. Increase as to both. We have cut far too much from education. McCleary now requires that we fully fund basic education and we need to make sure that we are making higher education affordable and accessible to all Washington citizens. 11. We handle numerous cases against Law Enforcement Agencies and work with law enforcement officers on increasing sensitivity to these issues. Education, opportunities to meet and work with different groups and work to increase sensitivity to different cultures is all important. 12. Training materials should be reviewed to increase sensitivity to other cultures and to remove racially, culturally or religiously biased materials. 13. This is an area which requires education, sensitivity training and intercultural work between leaders in those cultures and the agencies in question. 14. This is a high priority. We need to continue to work on mass transit, to continue to build infrastructure which addresses transportation choke points and work jointly with different government agencies to address specific transportation needs throughout the state. 15. This could be done with an agreed judge and an agreement to apply specific law as long as that law doesn’t conflict with Washington law. There are a number of ways that this could be done.


State Senator Legislative District 27 Jeannie Darneille 1. As additional cuts are made, I will continue fighting for safety net programs (health, housing, essential needs) to assure the most vulnerable in the community are not abandoned. 2. Yes. I have consistently sponsored and/or voted for revenue enhancing measures including creating a capital gains tax, closing tax preferences, and extending the sales tax to soda pop and candy. 3. States without an income tax are the last ones to recover from a recession. Continuing to work for tax reform is important of course, but I will continue to advocate for smart measurements to rebuild or enhance our infrastructure. 4. I have distinguished myself as a progressive advocate for low income residents of the state through my work on economic programs, learning readiness, work study, and helping low income families purchase homes. I will continue lead in developing Asset Building Coalitions throughout the state. 5. I am the prime sponsor of legislation to collect DNA on arrest for felony crimes. Over time we will see a reduction in racial profiling that has resulted in the false convictions and incarceration of people who have maintained their innocence. 6. I have advocated against discrimination in all forms, and have consistently supported legislation to protect the rights of US residents. I have worked to fund programs for New Americans that help them gain citizenship, language skills and training, and jobs. 7. I will continue to oppose measures that have been introduced in the state legislature that abridge the rights of undocumented workers, such as those that prohibit undocumented workers from having a driver’s license. 8. I am extremely concerned by incidents driven by hate. I look forward to working with community members to insure enforcement of anti-hate laws already on the books in the state. I believe that ecumenical efforts to promote dialogue and acceptance will increase support for these civil rights.


9.The state is constitutionally bound to provide “basic education�, and the recent McCleary decision in the courts has defined basic education and how to fund it. As the mother of a public school graduate, I agree that this is the paramount duty of the state. 10. The McCleary decision gives the state no choice about whether to increase funding for education: it requires significantly more funding. I will work hard to assure that the requirements of the court are met as the Legislature begins to implement the education reform bills that have passed over the last three years. 11. I think that the best way to foster trust and strong working relationships is constant dialogue. I would be privileged to serve as a go-between for the Muslim community and law enforcement in this process. 12. As a state legislator, I will work with the WA Military Department, law enforcement and state patrol academies to make sure that their training materials are fair and accurate. 13. I would be happy to meet with members of the community, and bring forward concerns to appropriate agencies and their directors. 14. Public transit is a priority of mine, however, unlike other kinds of transportation (roads and infrastructure) gas taxes cannot be used to support public transit. Like many other issues, funding for public transit is dependent on locally raised taxes. A local effort to increase local taxes will be on the ballot in Pierce County and I support this effort. 15. I would need more information in order to have an opinion on the viability of this option.


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 27 Steven Cook 1. Education, public safety. 2. NO 3. Reducing government taxation and regulation on small business. 4. Do not know if there will be funds to “Increase� anything. 5. (no response) 6. Through my oath of office to uphold and protect the US and WA Constitutions. 7. I do not believe this is part of my job description. 8. Encourage the equal and full application of anti-discrimination laws to all. 9. To provide, as nearly as possible, an equal educational opportunity to all our citizens. 10. I will be working to provide educational funding that is more focused on classroom outcomes. 11. I do not believe this is a state issue, as much as a local issue - which should be addressed at that level. 12. (no response) 13. Since there is no provided documentation regarding Washington state entities doing this, all I can do, is work to make sure it is not promulgated with state funds. 14. The state has delegated most of this authority to local transit groups. If they are not meeting needs, we may need to review their funding from the state level.


15. As long as it is being used in the same way as the Halachic and Canon Laws, between consenting members of the community, and I would define “consenting� as those who have equal power to accept/reject - not where.


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 27 Laurie Jinkins 1. My top priorities are revenue reform, health & human services and education. 2. Yes. Efficiency, loophole closure and tax reform should be our first strategies. I have been on the forefront of revenue reform discussion, and prime sponsored the only tax-loophole closer bill voted on by the House of Representatives in 2011. 3. On the capitol budget committee I took co-sponsored our jobs bill, which funds investments in state infrastructure and creates over 18,000 jobs in Washington. 4. I am certain that there are things that can be done without funding to close the achievement gap for ELL[1] and immigrant children, but, in the end, only adequate funding will move us to where we need to be. 5. I would support funding education programs for law-enforcement that teach limitations of and alternatives to racial profiling, as well as setting policy restricting it. 6. Nothing in life is guaranteed, it’s work we need to do every day. One of my focuses has been on voting rights to assure that racial, ethnic and religious minorities have a larger voice in our political and electoral processes. 7. All people deserve health care, education, and respect, but unfortunately undocumented residents have little recourse. I have voted to provide health care and K-12 education to all children in Washington, regardless of citizenship. We need real, national, immigration reform. 8. My LGBT community faces the same problem. Speaking out, education and enforcement of malicious harassment laws are significant interventions. I Chaired Tacoma’s Hate Crimes Task Force where I learned that silence is the glue that holds bigotry together. 9. As our constitution says, it’s our paramount duty, and in desperate need of greater funding.


10. Yes. One of my landmark bills was to close tax loopholes to increase funding to education. It failed because of Eyman’s 2/3rd initiative[2], but has become a constitutional challenge to the initiative. 11. Education that focuses on real interaction between law enforcement agencies and racial, ethnic and religious minorities is extremely important. Regular reviews of training materials by these groups is also important. Finally, enforcement of civil rights laws should always be done. 12. I do not think the state government has much sway over the military, but believe that a truly diverse group of curriculum reviewers should be recruited to review and approve training materials used in Washington State. 13. There should be continuing education required of all Washington law enforcement to make sure they’re getting accurate information about all minority groups. 14. I know that increased public transit would be phenomenal for my community, and [I] personally support the Restore Transit Now[3] initiative in Tacoma. However, state government will have a hard time funding more projects unless we find additional revenue options. 15. I do not believe that religious law of any kind should be considered or applied by our civil legal system. If parties want to voluntarily agree to forgo civil legal processes to use a religious system, they have that right.


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 27 Jake Fey 1. I would not only protect, but enhance funding for education, higher education, and safety net programs. 2. Yes. The “all cuts” approach of previous legislatures has gone too far and now threatens vulnerable populations. 3. I would support funding to update our transportation infrastructure. A large number of good-paying jobs would be created immediately, and additional jobs created as a result of the boost in the economy. 4. I believe everyone should have the opportunity to pursue their dreams. Educational access is a key to this and I will work hard to provide funding and programs for this purpose. 5. I am available to meet with members of the Muslim community and law enforcement to discuss concerns. 6. Besides being a vocal advocate, I wil work with the Muslim community to identify specific actions to pursue. 7. See answer to #6 8. I am available to discuss with the community their concerns and work with the community to address them. 9. The state’s paramount duty is to fund basic education and I construe the definition of basic education broadly. 10. I will definitely support increased funding for K-12 and higher education. I am a higher education manager and know the issues very well.


11. I have a very good relationship with law enforcement agencies and would be happy to facilitate discussions with the Muslim community. 12. I would be happy to meet with representatives of CAIR so I can fully understand all the issues involved. 13. See above. 14. I am an active member of the Pierce Transit board. I voted in favor of putting a three/tenths percent sales tax on the ballot this November. I plan on being a strong advocate for public transit in the Legislature. 15. I do not know enough on this issue to state an opinion.


State Senator Legislative District 28 Yoshie Wong 1. Valuable programs are already cut to beyond the bone. It makes no sense to save one program at the cost of others. Do school age children get lunches at the cost of seniors going hungry? It’s time to carefully evaluate revenue sources for both the short and long term. 2. Any balanced approach to the state budget must evaluate all revenue sources. 3.Improving the infrastructure is one way of both encouraging job growth and economic recovery. If a roadway is smooth, traffic flows better. Businesses thrive. Jobs are created by construction of the road and increased business on it. 4.I will encourage outreach and education about the opportunities using leaders from specific communities as role models and examples. 5. In addition to writing laws to eliminate racial profiling, we need to advance best practices training for law enforcement. This would enable law enforcement officers to have a wider variety of assessment tools available to them. Police officers talk about their “instincts” but really they are assessing and taking inventory of information that would not be as apparent to them if they were only focusing on race. 6. Make there is adequate funding for enforcement of the laws that exist now. Work with allies in the various communities to make sure people’s rights are protected. 7. Immigration policy should be crafted at the federal level and should be geared toward supporting and keeping families united rather than tearing them apart. 8.I advocate for all community members. The greater visibility of a State Senator will allow me to reach a broader audience and educate my community. 9.The State has a legal obligation to make sure K-12 is properly funded. It makes good sense to also fund colleges and universities. There is a great need for skilled workers. More skilled workers are good for Washington.


10.I absolutely believe in properly funded public education for all Washington children including college students. I will work to increase funding for public education from early education to college. 11.I work as a Marriage and Family Therapist in my “real life”. I bring people from “opposite” sides together every day. I bring these skills to the State Senate. 12. I will use my allies to educate me about the concerns. Then use the skills I have developed as a marriage and family therapist to bring people from opposite sides of the continuum to talk to each other. 13. I will educate myself on the issues, enlist my allies to figure out the best way to do outreach and educate military and law enforcement. 14. Efficient, effective public transportation is a priority of mine. I will work towards making public transportation better, serving more people. 15.I have to educate myself about the law and the intersection between the various religious laws to answer this question.


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 28 Paul Wagemann 1. Education, Transportation and the most vulnerable (disabled, elderly and children). 2. No. 3. Helping small business succeed by reducing taxes and eliminating regulations. 4. I will hold school officials accountable to do what they should do in providing education for all of our children. 5. We need to respect all of our citizens and visitors who are legally in our country. Unfortunately when terrorist wage war they often are wolves in sheep’s clothing. We need all of our different ethnic groups to help control. 6. By following the constitution and allowing the balance of power between the three branches of government to work. 7. We need to apply our laws equally and fairly. 8. Lead by example in showing respect for all mankind. Enforce our laws and hold those in authority accountable. 9. Allowing our teachers to teach. Holding those responsible for our education dollars accountable. 10. I will work to get the best student learning for the best value. We currently spend $10,000.00 per student in the state of Washington I am not saying this is too little or too much. I would ask if. 11. I think we need to have open and honest communication from all of the participants. Through those communications we need to identify action items that we all can commit to and get them resolved.


12. I think we need to have open and honest communication from all of the participants. Through those communications we need to identify action items that we all can commit to and get them resolved. If we identify issues that. 13. Retrain our military and law enforcement agencies. Hold our leaders accountable. 14. Infrastructure is a priority for me. Unfortunately, public transportation is consuming 60% of our transportation taxable resources and providing service to 4% of our population. Population density is required for public transportation to be cost effective. Therefore, I will. 15. Our constitution is the law of our land it was founded based on Judeo Christian principles. The constitution also states clearly that Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or.


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 30 Roger Flygare 1. My legislative priorities are education, transportation, and health care. I would oppose cuts to any vital services in these areas. 2. I am not opposed to exploring options for increasing revenue, but it must be part of a balanced approach that puts less of a tax burden on lower income earners. 3. Job grown and economic recovery are tied together, and that recovery has to be driven by encouraging the growth of small businesses. Right now, small business growth is being hampered by regressive policies such as the state B&O tax. 4. Economic opportunity is tied very closely to education. I would like to see more examples of educational programs that focus on minorities and children from low income families. I believe that the Innovative School legislation that was passed in 2012. 5. Law enforcement needs to better educate its officers on the adverse effects of racial profiling and it should be a part of a continuing education program 6. Not sure what the question is asking, but if it is asking will I step up to intervene if such rights are being trampled upon, the answer is yes. 7. By enforcing the laws that are applicable; such as Plyler vs. Doe[1] (457 U.S. 202 (1982). 8. If invited to attend Islamic events, I would be pleased to do so and be a spokesperson in that regard. All US citizens have the freedom and right to choose their religion, and should never be persecuted because of it. 9. It is the paramount duty to amply fund basic education and with several recent judicial rulings I believe that the legislature will be empowered to address these issues in a more positive nature. 10. Increase funding.


11. Again, continuing education will be a huge asset in this regard. 12. Continuing education must be provided for law enforcement in this regard. 13. See above. 14. Light rail is a big issue right now. It needs to be finished, and it will be one of my top priorities to see that it is. 15. I would welcome more information on this topic, but I would imagine that if the Washington Supreme Court felt it appropriate, then I would comply with their ruling.


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 31 Brian Gunn 1. Education, children’s health care, and programs benefiting the elderly, the disabled and the homeless must be protected. The cuts-only approach has hurt too many of our citizens who find themselves in need of assistance through no fault of their own. 2. Low income families pay 17% of their income in taxes while top earners pay less than 3%. To address this regressive imbalance we need to close tax loopholes for big business and implement a 5% tax on capital gains. 3. A state bank will lower interest rates on infrastructure projects, saving money and creating thousands of jobs. Stop tax breaks for corporations that outsource jobs. Reforming the B&O tax so it’s easier to start small businesses will create more jobs. 4. A greater emphasis on early childhood education will shrink the achievement gap. Increase funding for the Apple Health program[1] because healthy children learn better. We should foster public-private partnerships to fund after school and summer learning programs for low-income neighborhoods. 5. I am committed to protecting everyone’s civil rights. Investigation of alleged racial profiling should be swift and consequential. Cultural sensitivity training must be required for law enforcement. I support strengthening laws to discourage racial profiling. 6. The civil rights of minorities are under threat in many states. I will strongly oppose any attempt to pass voter ID, voter suppression, or “show me your papers” laws in the State of Washington. 7. All people have human rights, and those rights must be respected. I would never support legislation or law enforcement action that would separate a child from his or her parents when the only crime committed is being undocumented U.S. residents. 8. Washington State has laws defining and setting punishment for malicious harassment perpetrated because of the victim’s race, religion or national origin. I will assist any constituent of mine who is subjected to such harassment to find redress under current law.


9. The role of state government in education is to provide the wherewithal to ensure equal access to high quality education to all students across the state. I oppose charter schools because they do not provide for equal access to all. 10. The State Constitution is clear: it is the paramount duty of the state to amply fund education. In my opinion, that includes both K-12 and higher education. We have to prioritize education over providing tax breaks for big business. 11. In my experience, communication fosters trust. I would work to bring community leaders of all backgrounds into open discussions with local law enforcement. A public forum for airing grievances and sharing ideas for improving public safety would benefit everyone. 12. Such practices should not and cannot be tolerated. Corrective action must be swift and unequivocal. If existing laws are found wanting, I would support legislation to ensure that we are not instilling hatred and instead teaching respect for diversity. 13. Corrective action includes re-training law enforcement personnel with a curriculum emphasizing cultural sensitivity and respect for diversity. Accountability means strictly enforcing rules against profiling and punishing offenders to the limit of the law. 14. I advocate high-speed rail powered by eco-friendly wind and hydro resources. A State Bank would put our tax dollars to work locally and help lower the cost of financing rail and other infrastructure improvements creating thousands of good jobs. 15. I disagree with the practice of using any religious law in our courts. I believe that violates the separation of church and state which is one of the fundamental principles on which this country was founded.


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 32 Cindy Ryu 1. When I was first elected to the State Legislature the Medical Interpreters[1] for Medicaid and Children’s Health Insurance Plan was discontinued and defunded. I was designated to be the House Democrats’ Medical Interpreter person and helped restore most of the funding. 2. Yes. I am one of 11 Freshmen Democrats in 2011 that introduced HB 2078[2]. It garnered more than 50% of the votes in the House, but it failed due to Tim Eyman’s Initiative 1053. 3. There needs to be a fine balance between giving private enterprise more freedom and the government providing enough support, especially in economically challenging times, to stabilize uncertainties. 4. As one of 7 members of color in the House of Representatives, I have been advocating for and defending budget line items that specifically or disproportionately affect racial and ethnic minorities of lower income. 5. I opposed gang suppression legislation last year and will advocate for education and diversion funding. I opposed DNA collection at arrest legislation. I will seek to have in positions of authority within the Democratic Caucus those who are much more aware. 6. As the only foreign-born State Representative currently serving in the House, I am aware of the worries of the racial, ethnic, and religious minorities. There are times to be strident and times to reason. 7. I cannot guarantee that. However, I will seek due process and I will support Federal representatives such as Congressman McDermott who is working hard to have our laws reflect our values – of a nation of immigrants. 8. When a certain Gubernatorial candidate’s campaign worker was discovered to have Tweeted anti-Asian and anti-elderly sentiments, many spoke up. The only way we can fight hate is for us to NOT STAY silent.


9. Washington State’s constitution imposes a judicially enforceable affirmative duty on the state to make ample provision for the education of all children residing within its borders. According to a recent Washington State Supreme Court McCleary decision, we must provide “ample” funding. 10. Yes, I will work to increase funding for both K-12 and higher ed. I am a product of public education in Washington State since 6th grade. I know it is the true equalizer and the best way. 11. First, mutual understanding is the easiest and best way to engage. I like what CAIR does, reaching out to State legislators. In the North/South Korea example, what we most often hear of is about threats from North Korea. 12. I am not familiar with this issue. I would suggest in general, that those in possession of such materials be called out. Second, their superiors should be asked to take a public stance. 13. Please see answer under #12. 14. Yes. When I was on the Shoreline City Council, I was the first chair of the City of Shoreline’s Transportation Benefit District and I served on the SeaShore Transportation Forum[3] (one of three in King County). 15. As I am not trained as a lawyer, I am not familiar enough about this particular question. I do feel anti-Sharia legislation being introduced or passed is not an attempt to improve our legal system.


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 32 Robert Reedy Single Statement: “The only position I will take is that if there are programs to help low income minorities, then there must be similar programs to help low income white people as well.�


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 36 Noel Christina Frame 1. My top priorities are fully funding public schools; reducing university and college tuition; and funding job training; Apple Health for Kids; the Early Childhood Education and Assistance Program; family planning services; Disability Lifeline; and Basic Health and community mental health. 2. Yes. I support sun-setting tax breaks and exemptions, modernizing the sales tax to include more consumer services, and taxing capital gains. Shifting toward an income tax would decrease our reliance on sales tax and help reverse our regressive tax system. 3. I support and believe in apprenticeships because they are a great path to family-wage careers. In particular, apprenticeships should be a key component of our education programs—short-term investment here would lead to a long-term payoff. 4. We must invest in our schools to address racial and socioeconomic disparities in educational attainment and economic success. We have a responsibility to provide children with the supports they need to be successful, from PreK programs to higher education. 5. I would support legislation modeled after the federal End Racial Profiling Act (ERPA) which would outlaw racial profiling, create mechanisms to hold law enforcement officers accountable and provide them with additional training and best practices to eliminate racial profiling. 6. I will protect my constituents’ rights by working to raise revenue so we can maintain critical programs that help immigrants and others access the services they need. I will oppose any efforts that infringe upon our constituents’ basic freedoms. 7. I will ensure that local policies do not unfairly target immigrants and seek to drive a wedge between them and law enforcement. I support holding responsible those individuals and organizations that exploit immigrants and advocate for national, comprehensive immigration reform.


8. I would help build trust between the Muslim community and law enforcement, so that victims feel safe reporting hate incidents. I would work with trusted organizations, such as CAIR, to ensure they had the resources to empower community members. 9. The government’s role is to fully fund a world-class, 21st century public education system that is accessible to all children in the state. This means creating adequate revenue mechanisms and effective ways to intervene in failing schools. 10. It is my top priority to fully fund our schools so we provide a world-class 21st century education for all children. I believe we should do this through seeking NEW revenue sources, including a discussion of a state income tax. 11. I would support legislation that is modeled after ERPA and get input from trusted organizations among racial, ethnic, and religious minorities to address the problem. I will meet with Muslim leaders to strengthen my personal relationship with this community. 12. I would support reviewing training materials to ensure that law-enforcement officers receive accurate and relevant information that builds understanding of the Muslim community as well as other immigrant communities and people of color. 13. I will have to learn more about the role the legislature plays in dictating training materials used by local law enforcement, but I would certainly support ridding our state patrol of these inaccurate curricula. 14. Yes. I support investing in transit, commute trip reduction, and tolling to help reduce our dependence on single occupancy vehicles. I support funding existing transit initiatives and hope to increase the share of our state transportation budget spent on transit. 15. As a state legislator I will fight attempts to use our founding principles against our better nature, as does the Anti-Sharia law movement. Washington Courts ought to apply the law as passed, not as interpreted by unaccountable religious figures.


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 36 Gael Tarleton 1. We need to live up to our constitutional mandate and protect public education, and also safeguard safety net programs that provide assistance to those struggling in this economy, such as TANF and unemployment insurance. 2. Yes, modern states in the 21st century need a state income tax that does not depend on sales, property, B&O, and other special taxes and fees to perform governmental functions. 3. As Port Commissioner I have helped create 7,000 jobs, 5,000 of which are union, through public works projects. I will continue to do the same as a legislator to create good, family wage jobs. 4. As stated above, our state must fully fund education, including programs for English language learners and mentoring for at-risk youth. I will push for women- and minority-owned businesses being given equal access to state contracts. 5. The state needs to strengthen and enforce anti-racial profiling laws. As a legislator, I will work with community members to ensure the content of all courses provided to law enforcement officials be free of content that constitutes racial profiling. 6. I will work with federal and state officials to ensure the rights of all Washington residents are protected, as guaranteed by the 14th Amendment. This is what I have done as Port Commissioner to help protect victims of trafficking. 7. I will start by supporting state-level comprehensive immigration reform. We must develop a pathway to citizenship that protects the rights of our residents, gives them access to jobs and healthcare, and ensures their children have access to education. 8. I helped draft and pass the first Port policy on equal opportunity and non-discrimination. I will always be a stalwart supporter of anti-discrimination and anti-defamation laws – as reflected in my supporters in the LGBT and other minority communities.


9. It is the state’s top priority, morally and constitutionally. We need to begin reforming our tax structure to fully fund K-12 public education, support early childhood education, and freeze higher education tuition to make it more affordable and accessible. 10. I will work to reform the tax structure to both increase funding for public education and make sure the funding is stable. 11. I will start by making sure that there are no bigoted, anti-Muslim training procedures. I will work with members of the Muslim community, as well as my fellow legislators, to confirm that cultural competency is included in law enforcement education. 12. I took specific action at the Port to have the training materials reviewed and revised by an outside expert. I will not support state funding for law enforcement agencies that use these types of materials. 13. As I have done with Port police and emergency management training groups, I will work with other legislators to say “enough is enough� and not support agencies that engage in these types of bigoted training. 14. Service to low-income communities, the homeless, and the workers who commute from outlying areas into the city must be a top priority. We should toll state roads and increase the gas tax to improve rapid transit in urban corridors. 15. Our freedom of religion is based on the rule of law. I support the authority of the State Supreme Court to protect freedom of religion while protecting equal protection under the law for all citizens, including women and minorities.


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 38 John McCoy 1. K12, elder and life support, but all programs needed review. 2. All options for revenue will be evaluated, if it made sense and everyone participated I would likely vote for it. 3. Get Broadband to under/not served areas, infrastructure projects and evaluate all opportunities. 4. I am now a member of the opportunity gap committee which I have long sought. I have over the years worked toward improving education for all especially communities of color. 5. I oppose all such legislation. 6. I do that daily in many forms. I belong to 2 human rights group. 7. Everyone deserves due process and I oppose legislation that tries to take that away. 8. When it is done in front of me I call the person on it. 9-15 unanswered.


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 40 Howard A. Pellett 1.I would work to protect education as well as the “safety net” including health care programs. 2. There are approximately $2,000,000,000 in tax loopholes which may no longer serve a useful purpose and those loopholes should be seriously addressed prior to creating other sources of funding. 3. I would consult with economists such as Paul Krugman for specifics on programs to encourage jog growth and economic recovery. I believe that an important piece of such encouragement would include greater support of public education. 4. I would work to increase state funding for K-12 and beyond educational opportunities for all regardless of racial or ethnic background. I would seek advice on means to reach racial and ethnic minorities and learn what means would work. 5. Racial, ethnic and religious profiling is clearly wrong as I see it. I’m not certain what an individual legislator can due to deal with these concerns, but I would definitely seek advice from such groups in terms of what. 6. While I would like to do so, I am uncertain that I, as an individual legislator, could do to guarantee protection of rights of all legal US residents. However, I would be outspoken on this issue and gladly co-sponsor. 7. I don’t know how I can guarantee rights protections for undocumented US residents. However, I would be outspoken on this issue and gladly co-sponsor and support legislation that moved Washington State in that direction. 8. I would be outspoken on this issue and gladly co-sponsor and support legislation that moved Washington State to defeat any prejudice or violence against any religious or ethnic minority.


9. A major role should be increased funding for public education. I would work to further this goal. I believe also that the State government has a responsibility to ensure that the educational system does not become a vehicle for. 10. There’s a crying need to increase funding for all education and I would totally support that goal. 11. Face to face meetings, citizens boards and ombudsmen to listen to citizen concerns would work towards building trust. I would be open to participating in such meetings to the extent of my capabilities. 12. I would be outspoken on this issue and gladly co-sponsor and support legislation that moved Washington State to defeat any training programs that are prejudicial against any religious or ethnic minority. I would listen to advice from those minorities on specific actions. 13. I would air this “dirty linen” in the public media and hope to engage the public in support of legislation to begin an educational program to bring the truth to military and law enforcement agencies. 14. Yes, it’s imperative that we speed up the process of improving public transportation in light of global climate change. I would support all appropriate legislation in improve public transportation. 15. I don’t know enough about Sharia Law to give an opinion. I expect that I would need to consult with church/state separation experts before venturing an opinion.


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 41 Tim Eaves 1. It is most important to protect K-12 education. This is the paramount responsibility of the state government, and should be the top funding priority. 2. I am opposed to increasing taxes in this current economy. It is necessary to encourage growth of the private sector economy in order to increase revenues. Increasing taxes now would be counter-productive. 3. Regulations on businesses need to be modified to encourage business creation and growth. 4. I do not believe in discrimination either for or against racial or ethnic minorities. 5. I do not believe racial, ethnic, or religious characteristics can or should be ignored in law enforcement. Their use should, however, be appropriate to the situation. 6. The constitutions and laws of the United States and of the State of Washington define the rights of citizens and non-citizens, and it is up to the court system to judge the application of those rights. 7. Undocumented US non-citizen residents are by definition in violation of US law. Their rights are well defined in law. 8. Incidents need to be dealt with as any violation of law. “Hate speech� and Islamophobia should be countered with rational speech. 9. There need to be standards for measuring the performance of K-12 education. School districts need to be accountable for seeing that students meet standards of performance. 10. Per the McCleary decision by the Supreme Court of Washington, funding for K-12 education must increase. However, we must have accountability for the dollars spent by the state. Increased spending with no accountability is not acceptable.


11. The concerns are best addressed by the office of Attorney General of the State of Washington, in concert with local law enforcement agencies. 12. At the state and local level, the office of the Attorney General should be encouraged to oversee law enforcement training to insure that it does not promote anti-Muslim attitudes. 13. Military training is the responsibility of the Federal Government. At the state and local level, the office of the Attorney General should be encouraged to oversee law enforcement training to insure that it does not promote anti-Muslim attitudes. Re-training might be warranted, after investigation. 14. Public transit should be focused on getting the most performance for the least cost. Buses need to be the priority of public transit spending. 15. In civil proceedings, I am not opposed to consenting parties placing themselves under the jurisdiction of Sharia law, if this can be done at no additional cost for the justice system. I would be opposed to extending the jurisdiction of Sharia law to criminal proceedings.


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 43 Kshama Sawant 1. We need to stop the destructive policy of budget cuts to vital social services, healthcare and education. Working class people should not be paying for a crisis that was created by big business. 2. There are over 500 tax loopholes in Washington State that give big corporations $6.5 billion per year in corporate welfare. Budget cuts should be avoided by closing these loopholes and raising taxes on corporate profits and the super-rich. 3. We need a major state and federal public works program to create good union jobs for all workers who are looking for work, with an emphasis on green jobs such as improving public transit and renewable energy. 4. The biggest barrier is cost. I stand for free higher education by taxing profits of big business. Net profits in 2011 included Microsoft $23 billion, Boeing $4 billion, Costco $1.5 billion and Starbucks, $1.25 billion. 5. Racial and religious profiling is a violation of our constitutional rights. I stand for the repeal of the “Patriot Act” and banning law enforcement from using racial and religious profiling and prosecuting police who use such racist methods. 6. I oppose and will help to build movements against anti-Muslim propaganda as part of the “war on terrorism,” and attacks on immigrants and people of color, as scapegoating minorities for the economic and social crisis created by corporate greed. 7. I will work to educate working people on the hypocrisy of big business, which wants cheap labor with no labor rights. I oppose deportations and police involvement with immigration issues and call for full legalization for all undocumented workers. 8. Islamophobia is the inevitable consequence of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars. Unlike the Democratic and Republican parties, Socialist Alternative opposed these wars from the beginning. I will use my position to help educate and organize communities of color and workers.


9. The State has an essential role to play in enforcing equality of educational opportunity in every community in the State. We need smaller class sizes and to end the high stakes testing madness. I oppose charter schools. 10. I will work to increase state funding for early, K-12 and higher education, funded by increased taxes on the super-rich and by a crackdown on corporate tax evasion. 11. I stand for a public commission composed of representatives of civil rights, community and workers organizations to investigate racism and brutality by the police, and for a publicly elected (not appointed) review board with full authority over the police. 12. Islamophobic training materials should be banned along with retraining for law enforcement in cooperation with the community. We need to build our own mass movements, instead of relying on the police, courts, or Federal oversight to defend minority communities. 13. We need to educate all working people to oppose these racist practices and build mass pressure to demand full transparency and democratic control over the police. I will use my position to expose racism and organize protests. 14. Public transit is essential for working people, reducing traffic and saving the environment. I am running against the cuts in service and rising fares and for a massive expansion of public transit and lowering fares by taxing the rich. 15. I oppose all right-wing scapegoating of Muslims and support the democratic right to practice any religion of ones choosing or to not practice a religion. I also defend the democratic principle of separation of religion and state.


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 44 Hans Dunshee 1. Education must be our top priority, not just because of court cases but because it is the economic driver for the road out of the recession. 2. Yes, close loopholes. 3. I passed the 2012 Jobs Act which created 20,000 jobs state wide in infrastructure and resource development. We should do more and I intend to. The most important thing business owners who I talk to want is customer, and. 4. In the Jobs Act we specifically targeted low income, long term unemployed folks in a couple of areas. The State Labor Council apprentice programs should be expanded, and the state can increase these, to target low income folks. 5-13 Incidents and attitude of profiling, racial inequity, religious discrimination have no place in my America. That is the standard I vote and act upon. I will speak out against them at every instance. Questions 5 through 13 ask for specific answers to what is a cultural problem that is best answered by being aware, attentive and speaking strongly against discrimination. I apply this standard and answer to all these questions. 14. Yes and I would not vote for a transportation package that didn’t contain a fair amount of transit. 15. All religions must be treated equally.


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 44 Mary McNaughton 1. In today’s difficult economic climate, I am committed to promoting a sustainable future for Washington. My campaign has focused all along on educating and creating healthy communities. I believe that in order to ensure economic growth, we must protect the accessibility of education. 2. Yes, we cannot balance the budget and provide the minimum services our citizens rely upon without considering other options. A mix of cuts, targeted revenues, closure of tax loopholes and exemptions can help us accomplish a balanced budget. 3. Our all-cuts budgets and regressive tax system have made the economic situation worse for Washingtonians. Washington is one of the greatest places to do business. 4. I will support an agenda that incentivizes progress for low income and minority students by allocating funding to support programs and promoting smaller class sizes. I have years of experience working with local schools. 5. I believe that racial, ethnic, and religious profiling in law enforcement is unacceptable. The Washington State Legislature should work with law enforcement agencies to ensure the protection and preservation of the rights of all citizens and prevent discrimination. 6. I will protect the rights of all Washington residents by promoting equal opportunities in the workforce. I will support transportation funding to ensure that every student has the opportunity to get to school, regardless of what neighborhood they live in. 7. I will work to ensure that all residents have equal access to services and support programs. One of the steps to protecting equality is supporting legislation that prohibits local governments from mandating the use of an employment eligibility verification system. 8. I believe that anti-Muslim hate incidents or any other form of discrimination is unacceptable. I support legislation that seeks to promote a fair work environment for all employees, regardless of race, ethnicity, religion, or gender.


9. If we want to be competitive as a State and prepare our children for the jobs of the future we need to make sure they are provided high-quality early learning and care. Investing in our children early pays off. 10. We must increase state funding for education to ensure that all children are given the opportunity to contribute to a well-educated and skilled workforce. Neglecting to fund education harms children’s ability to succeed and will also hurt Washington’s economy. 11. I will use my past experience in negotiating to bring law enforcement agencies and minority groups together and establish a mutually beneficial relationship between these groups. By seeking to eliminate discrimination among these entities, we can form a stronger community. 12. The use of anti-Muslim training materials by law enforcement agencies should not be tolerated. The legislature should establish a positive relationship between these agencies and minority groups and work with law enforcement agencies to prevent future discriminatory practices. 13. I believe that we can correct anti-Muslim training by educating members of the military and law enforcement agencies about Islamophobia and hate incidents. By providing educating to these entities about discriminatory behavior, we can seek to prevent it in the future. 14. In addition to cleaner cars and fuels, increased transportation choices and affordable transit development are essential for reducing our pollution. We should promote transit, bicycling, ride sharing, carpooling, and light-rail as options that are more beneficial to our environment. 15. Our country was founded on the basis of religious freedom and the state of Washington should uphold those civil liberties. I think that the use of Sharia Law, among consenting parties, should be permitted in courts in Washington State.


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 45 Larry Springer 1. My highest priority will be protecting funding for K-12 and higher education. Those systems are the only long term way out of the recession and to prepare our students for the economy of the future. 2. Yes. We have cut the budget 4 straight years and it is folly to believe we can emerge from this recession with a state we are proud to call home by simply continuing to slash the services Washingtonians depend on. 3. Besides fully funding K-12 and higher education, which are long term investments in job creation, I supported the Jobs Now package passed last session using our Capital Budget to create $1 billion to provide jobs in the construction industry[.] 4. Encourage the continuation of P[ell] grants[1] by Congress. Fully fund the state Opportunity Pathways[2] program to provide tuition assistance to low income families. 5. Actively support legislation prohibiting ethnic profiling. 6. Washington already has strong anti discrimination laws and is a national leader. I will support strengthening those laws if necessary. 7. I support providing legal US residents an easy, no cost way to secure legal identification. I also support allowing those here illegally a fair and reasonable path to legal residency and ultimately citizenship if they choose. 8. I have always supported legislation to provide serious penalties for hate speech, racially motivated bullying and crime. Will support further legation if necessary. 9. Our “paramount duty� according to our state constitution, is to adequately fund our K-12 system. After that it is up to local school districts to use the funding appropriately. We should also work to establish minimum standards of achievement. 10. Increase, see answers to 1, 3, and 9 above.


11. I do not serve on law enforcement committees, I will rely on my colleagues to propose adequate measures to address the trust issue. Legislators must learn to rely on their fellow legislators in areas we have little experience with. 12. The military is outside the purview of the state legislature however, if local law enforcement is engaged in this behavior I would support legislation to end the practice including sanctions for the agencies. 13. Given my lack of expertise in law enforcement I will rely on my colleagues to propose solutions. I would also welcome suggestions from the Muslim community. 14. Public transportation is a critical element of our transportation system. I have supported consolidation of agencies particularly in the 5 county Puget Sound basin to increase efficiency and free up funds from administration for direct service. 15. On the surface I would be supportive, however, this is an issue I have only briefly considered. [I w]ould need to hear much more input from the Muslim community.


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 46 Gerry Pollet 1. Education funding must be protected; children are the future of our state and and we must provide ALL children quality educational opportunities. We must also maintain our safety net to ensure the health and safety of the most vulnerable. 2. Yes! We must make our tax system more fair. I support closing tax loopholes, instituting a tax on unearned income (capital gains), and moving towards an income tax so we have revenue to meet our constitutional and morals obligations. 3. Investing in our state: fully funding education (from early learning through higher education) to build a capable workforce for the future, invest in infrastructure and green jobs to get our workers back on the job NOW. 4. Fully funding state-provided services, including education - access to quality education is a right held by ALL citizens. Investment in education is the single best investment we can make. Additionally, we need to provide broad access to affordable healthcare. 5. Racial profiling is inappropriate and unconstitutional, and has no place in our legal system. Preventing racial profiling often involves extensive diversity and sensitivity training for law enforcement and agency personnel, and I will work to ensure that such training occurs. 6. We must create a legal framework that prevents discrimination and encourages inclusivity and we must engage and involve all communities within our state to promote understanding between different groups. Detrimental activities like racial profiling and institutional discrimination must end. 7. All US residents must receive fair treatment under the law and in accordance with our constitution. For this to happen, we must avoid racially-motivated policies like Arizona’s HB 1070 that have proven to negatively (and unconstitutionally) target immigrant populations.


9. Fear and hate are the products of ignorance, and I believe that the best remedy for anti-Muslim behavior is education. Engaging minority groups within our communities to promote understanding is critical to ending senseless hate speech and violence. 10. We have a duty to ensure access to educational opportunities to ALL of our children - from early learning through higher education. We must also provide support services that keep our children safe and healthy so they can learn effectively. 11. I will continue to work for increased funding for the entire spectrum of educational opportunities. Funding education is the best investment we can make in our state, and we have a duty to provide more than is currently available. 12. Increased diversity and sensitivity training, developed in conjunction with racial, ethnic, and religious minorities, will greatly benefit the level of understanding between law enforcement and minority groups, and will foster healthy relationships between government employees and minority communities. 13. Moving forward, we must embrace the concept of equality and inclusiveness. I will work to remove discriminatory practices from our governmental institutions, and I am committed to ensuring that we institute practices that embrace diversity rather than stigmatizing it. 14. Regardless of prior training, military and law enforcement personnel need enhanced diversity and sensitivity training; this training should be developed with input from minority communities including Muslims. 15. Yes, public transportation is an environmental and social justice issue. To improve transit I will advocate for more of our state transportation budget to be dedicated to public transportation, and I will continue to provide incentives to utilize transit services. I recognize the importance of Sharia in praying and fasting, as well as divorce, burials, and inheritance. Courts should be able to consider Sharia law up to the point that religious laws begin to conflict with secular laws.


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 46 Jessyn Farrell 1. I will passionately promote economic development policies that make Seattle a great place to live for all of us, at all income levels. Specifically, I support a statewide transportation package, ensuring our trade sector remains competitive. 2. The state sales tax is unfairly regressive and volatile, and we must find alternative ways to fund public services. I want to participate in that discussion and am willing to pursue other options, such as closing tax loopholes. 3. We must work aggressively to be on the forefront of the clean energy economy – invest in educating our kids, training our workers, and creating a business climate that fosters creativity and innovation. 4. My experience as a leader with the “No on 912� campaign (which prevented a rollback of new transportation revenue) and numerous other transportation campaigns is that we can tell the story of the need for new revenue. 5. These practices infringe on the constitutional right to equal treatment under the law. Additionally, racial and religious profiling is ineffective and unreliable, and makes assumptions about certain minority groups, rather than criminal behavior. 6. Our country was founded on principles of equity and protection from religious persecution. I will fully support any measures that ensure equal protection for all of our citizens who face unjust discrimination. 7. I have fought for access and opportunity for all my entire life as an AmeriCorps Volunteer, as a transit advocate, and as an organizer. In the Washington State Legislature, I will continue to champion for the rights of all people. 8. The rise of anti-Muslim hate speech and crimes is a true tragedy in this country. I think number one, we need to educate our law enforcement and teachers on how to recognize and deal with hate speech in our schools and on our streets.


9. I am an ardent believer in public education and my decisions as a legislator would be driven by my own experiences in public school. Innovative and rigorous curriculum coupled with social service programs promotes a healthy and comprehensive education for all our students. 10. I will absolutely work to increase state funding for early, K-12 and higher education. We need to reduce the percentage of higher education funding derived from tuition, and I will oppose any further cuts made to in-state funding. 11. We must work to expand the level of communication between our local ethnic groups and our police force to help build trust and nurture stronger ties within our diverse communities. 12. I too am troubled by law enforcement employing any type of religious or racial stereotyping. Not only is it an ineffective way to combat crime, but it is unconstitutional. 13. As I stated before, I will support re-training programs that teach law enforcement and military the problems associated with racial and religious profiling, and especially programs that teach alternative, more effective ways to recognize crime that don’t rely on false stereotypes. 14. My background is characterized by a strong commitment to public service and environmental activism, and specifically, transportation advocacy. I have been at the forefront of the transportation debate, working successfully to secure funding and policy changes. 15. I believe we have a civil law system based on the separation of church and state. I also believe that the state should accommodate all religions; it is vital to our democracy to practice religious tolerance as defined by the Supreme Court.


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 46 Sarajane Siegfriedt 1. Health and human services, to protect/restore the safety net. We will add $1B to Basic Education by court order, and we need to restore funding for higher ed, because tuition has shifted from a public good to private debt. 2. We are a wealthy state. However, our revenue system is unfair to working families. Wealthy corporations and individuals must pay their fair share. This includes reforming the system of tax exemptions, with automatic review, legislative intent, transparency and accountability. 3. Consumer demand is the only real job creator. Laying off government employees has held back recovery. More teachers is the proven way to improve education results. We need to invest in public works, especially bad roads and bridges. Stimulus works. 4. Poverty is the main cause of the achievement gap. Lower tuition, especially for the first two years of college/tech. Fully fund kindergarten. For K-12, lower class sizes and increase wraparound social services to help low-income students catch up. 5.End the war on drugs. Legalize and tax marijuana. End prison for nonviolent drug offenders. Drug enforcement money has militarized our police and caused a loss of civil rights. We need independent review groups and civil rights training. 6.I support the ACLU’s actions in support of minority rights. Rather than a militarystyle “war on terrorism,” we need police actions. We need to respect privacy, human and civil rights. We need complete separation of church and state (non-establishment). 7. Change immigration policy to “amnesty” and a clear path to citizenship. Only consider deportation when people are arrested for other crimes. Consider impacts on families and alternatives. Repeal “papers please” laws. Limit the northern border patrol to 10 miles. 8. I’m a board member of the Interfaith Task Force on Homelessness. I helped organize two interfaith Habitat builds. We need more people of faith standing with the Muslim community, plus anti-hate laws and protections.


9. Its role in K-12 is to “amply” fund it--we’re $4B short. Then fund fulltime kindergarten and quality early learning. Extend support to the first two years of cc/trade school and lower university tuition to pre-2009. Charter schools don’t work. 10. Basic Education will increase by about $4B in 2018. We need to increase early childhood education to ensure every child is ready to learn. We need to view higher ed as a collective investment, and return to funding it. 11.Audit training for anti-Muslim bias. Recruit and hire more minorities, including Muslims. Include racial and ethnic awareness in cultural training. More community policing—get patrol officers out of their cars and attending community meetings.

12. For state or local law enforcement, I would write directly to the authorities and their superiors, including the Governor, stating my strong personal objections, then call for and arrange a public meeting and/or hearing to get work to them changed. 13. In a meeting with the agency head, I would call for a review of all materials by an interfaith committee, similar to the Three Amigos, who have a track record of working interfaith and interculturally. 14. Yes, I am a bus commuter. Transit benefits everyone, even drivers, because of the cars they keep off the road. I am calling for reinstatement of the MVET as the best stable funding source for transit. 15. We don’t want to go down that path. No religious law has a place in our multicultural society. I am a strong proponent of separation of church and state, based on the anti-establishment clause of the U.S. Constitution.


State Representative Position 1 Legislative District 48 Ross Hunter 1. You can use the last two budgets to understand my values: Education is the paramount duty of the state. A functional safety net, courts and prisons are critical to living in a just world. 2. I have supported a balanced approach to the budget when it made sense. Raising taxes should not be our first approach, but we should not make devastating cuts in our safety net or cut education at all. 3. Private industry makes jobs, not the state. We must have an educated workforce, stable rule of law and a regulatory approach that is as light as possible while still preventing pollution and other social ills. 4. The best way to increase the outcomes for low-income children is through education and support for providing stable homes. This requires adequate funding, disaggregated data, and appropriate focus on results. 5. Most law enforcement is done through local governments. The main exception is the state patrol, which is under state supervision. It is unacceptable (and illegal) for the state (or local governments) to allow profiling based on racial or ethnic background. 6. I have been a strong supporter of legal and civil rights for all ethnic groups, not just Muslims. Washington State is based on the rule of law. I swear an oath to uphold the constitution, and I stand by it. 7. I support the DREAM act that will enable children who were brought here as young children to have a path to citizenship, and I support providing health care to children in Washington regardless of their citizenship status. 8. I is incumbent upon all of us to stand up and speak out when there is an incident of racial, ethnic or religious intolerance. I am willing to do so at any time.


9. It’s our paramount duty. I have written extensively on this issue on my blog at www. rosshunter.info. 10. Increase. I wrote the budget this year that did not decrease it, and led the charge for adoption of the changes in the definition of basic education, the law that gave the court the basis for its decision in McCleary. 11. Yes. 12. My understanding is that this issue was resolved two years ago. If it is still a problem please talk to me about how we can get it changed. 13. We must ensure that training provided to the military and local law enforcement is fair and balanced, and that they get training on how to be productive in society, not destructive. 14. Yes. I have been a consistent supporter of additional funding options for local transit authorities. 15. We do not use Sharia law in Washington, nor are the courts likely to adopt it. The law in Washington is secular. People can have whatever private agreements they want, but the law is not based on religion.


State Representative Position 2 Legislative District 48 Hank Myers 1. My primary goal is to protect and enhance education funding for all public schools and colleges. 2. The first step is to assure that our priorities are being met through a more logical budget process such as was used by Governor Locke and is currently in use in the City of Redmond where I have sat on the budget committees for my entire two terms. 3. There is a significant amount of economic uncertainty which is discouraging the private economy from creating new jobs. Some of this is due to the unknown impacts of the Affordable Care Act, as well as the additional costs that will be created for the State. 4. Redmond is one of the most diverse cities in Washington, and we work very hard to integrate all races, nationalities and cultures into the community fabric. 5. There are two elements of profiling that are contrary to our principles and counterproductive to law enforcement. First, our population is so diverse that it is no longer possible to separate “us” vs “them”. 6. In addition to anti-profiling measures, there is a need to reach out to all populations to help them understand the rights that are guaranteed and how to avail themselves of our legal system if necessary. 7. This has been a festering problem for so many years it seems that there are only two solutions, both ineffective. There are millions of people who are in this country without documentation, and they live marginalized lives. 8. Typically these problems have been handled through two groups, the injured parties and some government agency. Hate crimes occur when groups are viewed as isolated and unsupported. There is an intolerant element in all religions, but there is also an overwhelming shared value of human values.


9. This is the primary responsibility of the State government, and has been sadly neglected over the last eight years in particular. 10. Under the last budget written when the Republicans controlled the Senate, 65% of the general fund went to education. In the last eight years, other far less important issues have been allowed to grow faster, and now less than half of the general budget is dedicated to education. 11. We have done that in Redmond using the communication policies I mentioned above. At the Council level we have worked with local Islamic groups, attended religious events, have a large Islamic facility in Redmond, and the Medina school is located at the Redmond Community Center. 12. I would assure that any sort of profiling or anti-group material is not used. Frequently these materials are not developed as part of the normal training curriculum, and are added from outside sources. If legal action has to be taken to eliminate these materials, I would favor that. 13. First, I would assume that corrective action is needed fairly universally as part of basic and continuing training. This is not simply an Islamic issue, but relates to profiling in general as noted above. 14. I have been involved in improving public transit for thirty years including numerous Metro Transit and Sound Transit Boards, the Transit Advisory Committee with Metro, managing the Commute Trip Reduction program for Microsoft, and as a professional transportation economist. 15. First, I believe in separation of church and state in secular matters. All citizens have complete and equal rights in secular matters. Virtually all religions have social pressure measures to encourage behavior among their members, both positive and negative.


Supreme Court Justice Questionnaire 1. Judges are required to follow the law under the constitution; what distinguishes you from other judges running for this position? 2. Under what situations, if any, do you believe civil rights may be set aside in the interest of national security? 3. Recently, Anti-Sharia law legislation has been passed or considered in several states#. We also know that across the US, religious laws are taken into consideration by courts, such as between consenting Jews (Halachic Law) as well as Christians (Canon Law). What do you think of Sharia (Islamic) Law being used in courts among consenting parties in Washington State?


Supreme Court Justice Position 9 Sheryl Gordon McCloud 1. I have spent approximately 25 years arguing in favor of constitutional rights in the Washington Supreme Court. I have handled hundreds of Washington Supreme Court cases, and I have won landmark victories on issues ranging from the First Amendment to the Fourteenth Amendment. 2. The Constitution can never be set aside in the interest of national security. If rights are restricted, those restrictions must comply with the Constitution. We cannot afford another decision like Korematsu, which allowed the Japanese to be interned. 3. Washington courts must apply Washington and federal laws and constitutions. But those sources of law respect religious liberty and recognize everyone’s right to enter contracts as they choose, etc. Richard B. Sanders 1. I am the only candidate with appellate judicial experience: I served on the Supreme Court for 15 years from 1995 to 2011. I am a fighter for civil liberties; two others want to “balance� them against the public good. 2. Never. The founding fathers gave us civil liberties to protect our freedom in times of crisis. That is the time we must not compromise, I never did when I was on the court. 3. Normally the civil courts apply the constitution, the statutes and the common law. However consenting individuals may submit their disputes to religious tribunals, and I defend that right.


Glossary of Terms AmeriCorp: This is a U.S. Federal Government program that sends volunteers to help with various projects around the country. Apple Health Program: A state funded program for streamlining children’s healthcare applications. Attorney General: The highest legal advisor to Washington State’s government. The Attorney General’s duties include representing the state in supreme court cases of interest to the state and advising the government on legal matters. B&O: Business and Occupation Taxes. These apply to gross sales revenue. The Bill of Rights: This is the collective name for the first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution. These amendments deal with personal and state rights. Candidate: A person running for office. Civil Rights: Rights guaranteed to U.S. citizens by the U.S. Constitution, including freedom of speech and worship and guarantees against discrimination. Congressional District: An area from which one representative is elected by the residents to represent them in the U.S. House of Representatives. Washington State has 10 Congressional Districts. Constituent: An individual with the power to elect a candidate running for office. If, for example, you live in John Doe’s legislative district and can choose whether or not to vote for him, you are one of his constituents. DREAM Act: Stands for Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors. The Act, which has been introduced several times in Congress but has never passed, would give certain illegal immigrants who qualify an opportunity to apply for permanent residency status. Some of the qualifications include graduating from high school or receiving a GED and attending college for two years or serving in the U.S. military for two years.


ELL: English Language Learning. Governor: The head of the executive branch of Washington State’s government. The Governor’s duties include: enforcing Washington’s laws; either approving or vetoing bills passed by Washington State’s legislature; and appointing heads of departments, agencies, and institutions. HB 2078: A bill that would have reduced K-3rd grade class size by getting rid of some tax exemptions. The bill failed to pass. HOME Investment Partnerships Program: An assistance program in which the Federal Government provides local governments with grants for the purpose of ensuring affordable and quality housing for low-income Americans. Jobs Now Act: An act that uses public investment to finance critical infrastructure projects (such as schools, roads, and hospitals) in the private sector. Incumbent: The current officeholder. If there is no incumbent in a particular race, that means the current officeholder is not running for reelection. Independent: In the context used in this voter guide, it is a term applied to candidates who are not affiliated with any political party. Legislative District: An area from which two representatives and one senator are elected by the residents to represent them in the state legislature. Washington State has 49 Legislative Districts. LGBT: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender. Lieutenant (Lt) Governor: Serving similar functions as the Vice President of the United States, but on the state level, the Lt. Governor is the president of the State Senate and becomes Governor in the case of vacancy. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: A theory that claims that human needs can be ordered in a hierarchy in which the basic needs at the bottom, such as sleeping and eating, must be met before a person is concerned with needs nearer the top, such as friendship or creativity.


McCleary Decision: A recent state Supreme Court case that ruled the State of Washington was not providing enough funding for K-12 education. The Legislature has enacted reforms to fix this. Medical Interpreters: Interpreters who specialize in translating medical language. National Defense Authorization Act of 2012 (NDAA): The NDAA is a long and complex act that covers a broad range of topics related to national security. Two sections in particular have become very controversial because they affirm the President’s authority to indefinitely detain without trial people who support or are a part of Al Qaeda or its affiliates. “No on 912”: Washington State Initiative 912 would have repealed gasoline and fuel taxes that had passed the Legislature. The initiative was rejected by the “No on 912” campaign and by Washington voters. Opportunity Pathways: The umbrella term for State funding for higher education. This covers scholarships, need grants, work study, etc. Pell Grants: Grants from the Federal Government given for higher education, according to economic need. Plyler vs. Doe: A case in which the U.S. Supreme Court found it illegal for public schools to deny funding for the education of students or charge extra tuition based on immigration status. The case only applies to K-12 education. Port Commissioner: There are five elected Port Commissioners who run the Port District of Seattle, which includes bays, marinas, marine industrial centers, and the SeattleTacoma International Airport. Profiling: The use of race, ethnicity, national origin, or religion as a factor in law enforcement. For example, if a police officer pulls a driver over based partly or wholly on the fact that the driver is a particular race, the officer is profiling. Restore Transit Now Initiative: This proposes raising taxes in order to avoid cutting services for Pierce County Transit.


SeaShore Transportation Forum: A forum for information sharing and advocacy relating to public transportation. Secretary of State: The Secretary of State has many duties, some of which include overseeing elections in Washington State and regulating charities and charitable trusts. Sophie’s Choice: A dilemma in which a person must choose between two people or things; the person or thing he or she does not choose will be killed or destroyed. SR 167: Washington State Route 167. This highway runs between Tacoma and Renton. State Representative: A member of the lower house of the state legislature, also known as the “Washington State House of Representatives.”. State Representatives make state laws that affect the entire state on a broad range of issues. State Senator: A member of the upper house of the state legislature, also known as the “Washington State Senate.” State Senators make state laws that affect the entire state on a broad range of issues. The state senate is also in charge of approving or rejecting nominations from the governor such as state cabinet members. Superintendent of Public Instruction: Oversees education Kindergarten to 12th grade level education in Washington State public schools. The Supreme Court: This refers either to the United States Supreme Court, the highest judicial authority in the country, or to the Washington State Supreme Court, which is the highest judicial authority in Washington State. Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): A temporary (at most 60 months) financial assistance program for impoverished people who have dependent children. U.S. Representative: A member of the lower house of the U.S. legislature, also known as the “U.S. House of Representatives.” U.S. Representatives make federal laws that affect the entire country on a broad range of issues, as well as America’s relationship with other countries. The U.S. House of Representatives is also in charge of approving a budget for the country each year.


U.S. Senator: A member of the upper house of the U.S. legislature, also known as the “U.S. Senate.�. U.S. Senators make federal laws that affect the entire country on a broad range of issues, as well as America’s relationship with other countries. The U.S. Senate is also in charge of approving or rejecting presidential nominations such as supreme court justices and cabinet members. The 14th Amendment: This amendment to the U.S. Constitution requires all states to provide equal rights for all citizens, regardless of ethnicity. 2/3rds Initiative: Initiative 1053 requires a 2/3rds supermajority in the Washington State Legislature in order to raise taxes. ###


General Voter Guide