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Your personalised cover design 2014 - 2015


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Class/Form

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Name

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“My favourite things in life don’t cost

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any money. It’s really clear that the most precious resource we all have is time” Steve Jobs

“Yesterday’s the past, tomorrow’s the future, but today is a gift. That’s why it’s called the present.” Bil Keane

We must use time wisely and forever realise

that the time is always ripe to do right” Nelson Mandela “It’s an odd idea for someone like me to keep a diary; not only because I have never done so before, but because it seems to me that neither I - nor for that matter anyone else - will be interested in the unbosomings of a thirteen-year-old school girl.” Anne Frank,

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“Painting is just another way of keeping a diary” Pablo Picasso

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The Diary of a Young Girl

“Time is more precious than gold, more precious

than diamonds, more precious than oil or any valuable treasures.”

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Cecilia Ahern

Each new day is a blank page in the diary of your life.

The secret of success is in turning that diary into the best story you possibly can.” Douglas Pagels

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education 00

“Better three hours too soon than a minute too late” William Shakespeare


Academic Planner 2014/2015

Whilst great care has been taken in compiling the information in this diary, the publisher cannot accept responsibility for any errors. Š Boomerang Ed. 2014


Quarterly Planner

August 2014

October 2014

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September 2014

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Quarterly Planner

November 2014

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Quarterly Planner

February 2015

March 2015

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April 2015


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Quarterly Planner

May 2015

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AUG 14

August

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My goals for this week:

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Week:

11 Monday ημέρα Σελήνης (hēméra Selḗnēs)

Due in

Done

Attendance

WW1: Britain had declared war on Germany, 4th August 1914 - ‘Your King and Country Need You’ slogans published

AM PM

12 Tuesday ημέρα Άρεως (hēméra Áreōs)

International Youth Day www.un.org

AM PM

13 Wednesday ημέρα Ερμου (hēméra Hermou)

AM PM

Days in Ancient Greek 10

International Left-Handers Day www.lefthandersday.com


One hundred years ago this month WW1 commenced. Following the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo in June 1914 and the subsequent escalation of hostilities across Europe, Germany executed the ‘Schlieffen Plan’ and invaded France. Britain sent the BEF in mid-August 1914 to assist the French in confronting the Germans. Do you know what BEF stands for?

14 Thursday ημέρα Διός (hēméra Diós)

Due in

Done

AM PM

15 Friday ημέρα Αφροδίτης (hēméra Aphrodítēs)

AM PM

16 Saturday ημέρα Κρόνου (hēméra Krónou)

17 Sunday ημέρα Ηλίου (hēméra Hēlíou) Janmashtami – Hinduism

Have I achieved my goals?

Notes home

August

Answer: BEF – British Expeditionary Force

School signature:

Home signature:

11


My goals for this week:

AUG 14

August

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Attendance

18 Monday ημέρα Σελήνης (hēméra Selḗnēs)

Week: Due in

Done

AM PM

19 Tuesday ημέρα Άρεως (hēméra Áreōs)

World Humanitarian Day www.worldhumanitarianday.org

AM PM

20 Wednesday ημέρα Ερμου (hēméra Hermou)

AM PM

Days in Ancient Greek 12

150th anniversary of the Periodic Table of Elements, 1864


On 21st August 1914 Private John Parr became the first British soldier to die in WW1. Parr is buried in St Symphorien military cemetery, near Mons. On his gravestone his age is given as 20, the army not knowing his true age of 16. His grave also faces that of George Edwin Ellison, the last British soldier killed during WW1.

21 Thursday ημέρα Διός (hēméra Diós)

Due in

Done

AM PM

22 Friday ημέρα Αφροδίτης (hēméra Aphrodítēs)

WW1: Centenary of the BEF’s first substantial action in WW1 – Battle of Mons, Belgium, 1914

AM PM

23 Saturday ημέρα Κρόνου (hēméra Krónou)

24 Sunday ημέρα Ηλίου (hēméra Hēlíou)

Slavery Remembrance Day www.un.org

Notes home

August

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

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AUG 14

August

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My goals for this week:

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Attendance

25 Monday ημέρα Σελήνης (hēméra Selḗnēs)

Due in

Done

AM PM

26 Tuesday ημέρα Άρεως (hēméra Áreōs)

AM PM

27 Wednesday ημέρα Ερμου (hēméra Hermou)

AM PM

Days in Ancient Greek 14

Week:

Summer Bank Holiday

WW1: The Battle of Le Cateau, France, 1914


‘Your King and Country Need You’ In the opening weeks of the First World War, Great Britain published the now famous slogan in a campaign to recruit 100,000 British men for Kitchener’s Army. It was hugely successful and in only 18 months 2.5 million men had volunteered.

28 Thursday ημέρα Διός (hēméra Diós)

WW1: The Battle of Heligoland, first naval battle of WW1, Germany, 1914

Due in

Done

AM PM

29 Friday ημέρα Αφροδίτης (hēméra Aphrodítēs)

AM PM

30 Saturday ημέρα Κρόνου (hēméra Krónou)

31 Sunday ημέρα Ηλίου (hēméra Hēlíou)

Notes home

August

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

15


SEP 14

September

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My goals for this week:

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Attendance

01 Monday lundi

Week:

75th anniversary of the outbreak of WW2, 1939 Due in

Done

AM PM

02 Tuesday mardi

The outbreak of the Great Fire of London, 1666

AM PM

03 Wednesday mercredi

AM PM

Days in French 16

75 years since Britain declared war on Germany, 1939


On 2nd September, 1666, a fire broke out in the bakery of Thomas Farriner in Pudding Lane, London. The fire that spread across the city became known as the Great Fire of London. It rapidly destroyed thousands of timber buildings. Despite efforts to stop it, the wind blew the fire far and wide, burning over 13,000 homes and 84 churches to the ground.

04 Thursday jeudi

Due in

Done

AM PM

05 Friday vendredi

WW1: BEF see action at the Battle of the Marne, France, 1914

AM PM

06 Saturday samedi

British Science Festival

07 Sunday dimanche

Birth of Elizabeth I, Greenwich, 1533

www.britishscienceassociation.org

Notes home

September

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

17


SEP 14

September

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My goals for this week:

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Attendance

08 Monday lundi

Due in

Done

PM

AM PM

10 Wednesday mercredi

AM PM

Days in French 18

Week:

International Literacy Day www.unesco.org

AM

09 Tuesday mardi

s

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Full Moon


The 8th September is International Literacy Day. The ability to read and write is something that many of us take for granted, but 900 million adults and children worldwide cannot do either. The day reminds us that literacy improves our quality of life. Learn more here: www.unesco.org

11 Thursday jeudi

Due in

Done

AM PM

12 Friday vendredi

AM PM

13 Saturday samedi

14 Sunday dimanche

Notes home

September

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

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SEP 14

September

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My goals for this week:

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Attendance

15 Monday lundi

Due in

Done

AM PM

16 Tuesday mardi

AM PM

17 Wednesday mercredi

AM PM

Days in French 20

Week:

International Day of Democracy www.un.org

Ozone Day www.unep.org


The Scottish independence referendum will take place on 18th September. England and Scotland were first united as the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707, but the referendum in September could mark the end of this relationship. Do you think Scotland should become independent? Find out more here: www.bit.ly/Qrg9xI

18 Thursday jeudi

Scottish independence referendum

Due in

Done

AM PM

19 Friday vendredi

Jeans for Genes Day www.jeansforgenesday.org

AM PM

20 Saturday samedi

21 Sunday dimanche

International Day of Peace www.cultureofpeace.org

Notes home

September

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

21


My goals for this week:

SEP 14

September

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Attendance

22 Monday lundi

Week: Due in

Done

AM PM

23 Tuesday mardi

September Equinox (at 02:29)

AM PM

24 Wednesday mercredi

AM PM

Days in French 22

Start of Rosh Hashanah - Judaism


Communication skills are essential in life. How good are your communication skills? Always be sure to listen to others and express yourself clearly to those listening to you.

25 Thursday jeudi

Start of Navratri – Hinduism

Due in

Done

AM PM

26 Friday vendredi

European Day of Languages www.cilt.org.uk

AM PM

27 Saturday samedi

28 Sunday dimanche

Notes home

September

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

23


My goals for this week:

SEP/OCT 14

September / October

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Attendance

29 Monday maandag

Week:

Birth of Horatio Nelson, Burnham Thorpe, 1758 Due in

Done

AM PM

30 Tuesday dinsdag

AM PM

01 Wednesday woensdag

AM PM

Days in Dutch 24

Black History Month www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk International Walk to School Month


It’s National Poetry Day on the 2nd October. Maybe you want to know more about poetry or even become a poet yourself. Take a look at this website by the Poetry Society to find answers to these questions: www.youngpoetsnetwork.org.uk/category/workshop

02 Thursday donderdag

International Day of Non-Violence www.un.org National Poetry Day www.poetrysociety.org.uk

Due in

Done

AM PM

03 Friday vrijdag

Start of Eid al-Adha – Islam Start of Yom Kippur - Judaism

AM PM

04 Saturday zaterdag

05 Sunday zondag

World Teachers Day www.worldteachersday.org

Notes home

Sep / Oct

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

25


OCT 14

October

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My goals for this week:

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Attendance

06 Monday maandag

Week:

World Space Week www.worldspaceweek.org Due in

Done

AM PM

07 Tuesday dinsdag

AM PM

08 Wednesday woensdag

AM PM

Days in Dutch 26

s

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Full Moon


It’s World Mental Health Day on October 10th. Mental health is to do with how we feel. It’s important to talk to someone you trust like a family member or a teacher if you start to frequently feel sad or anxious. There’s more information here: www.youngminds.org.uk/for_children_young_people

09 Thursday donderdag

Due in

Done

AM PM

10 Friday vrijdag

World Mental Health Day www.mentalhealth.org.uk

AM PM

11 Saturday zaterdag

International Day of the Girl Child

12 Sunday zondag

www.dayofthegirl.org

Notes home

October

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

27


My goals for this week:

OCT 14

October

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Attendance

13 Monday maandag

Week: Due in

Done

AM PM

14 Tuesday dinsdag

Battle of Hastings, 1066

AM PM

15 Wednesday woensdag

AM PM

Days in Dutch 28

WW1: The 1st Battle of Ypres commenced, 1914


The Battle of Hastings: On the 14th October 1066, the last Anglo-Saxon king, King Harold II, was defeated by William the Conqueror who claimed to be the true heir to the English throne. According to legend, King Harold was hit in the eye by an arrow and killed. On Christmas Day 1066, William was crowned King.

16 Thursday donderdag

World Food Day www.fao.org The first German air attack on Britain, WW2, 1939

Due in

Done

AM PM

17 Friday vrijdag

AM PM

18 Saturday zaterdag

19 Sunday zondag

Notes home

October

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

29


OCT 14

October

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My goals for this week:

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Attendance

20 Monday maandag

AM PM

21 Tuesday dinsdag

AM PM

22 Wednesday woensdag

AM PM

Days in Dutch 30

s

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World Statistics Day unstats.un.org/unsd/wsd/

Week: Due in

Done


Self-motivation is the key to doing well at school and in life. We need to be able to motivate ourselves so that we don’t wait for others to guide us. How have you shown others how self-motivated you are?

23 Thursday donderdag

Diwali – Hinduism

Due in

Done

AM PM

24 Friday vrijdag

AM PM

25 Saturday zaterdag

26 Sunday zondag

British Summer Time Ends Clocks go back 1 hour at 2am

Notes home

October

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

31


My goals for this week:

OCT/NOV 14

October / November

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Attendance

27 Monday maandag

AM PM

28 Tuesday dinsdag

AM PM

29 Wednesday woensdag

AM PM

Days in Dutch 32

Week: Due in

Done


Halloween. Many people mark Halloween each year, but what is it really about? Halloween is actually All Hallows’ Eve. It takes place on 31st October each year. It has a mixed history including Celtic, Pagan and Christian influences. Can you find out three facts about it?

30 Thursday donderdag

Due in

Done

AM PM

31 Friday vrijdag

Halloween

AM PM

01 Saturday zaterdag

02 Sunday zondag

Notes home

Oct / Nov

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

33


My goals for this week:

NOV 14

November

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Attendance

03 Monday lunedì

Week: Due in

Done

AM PM

04 Tuesday martedì

AM PM

05 Wednesday mercoledì

AM PM

Days in Italian 34

Bonfire Night


Fall of the Berlin Wall: 9th November marks 25 years since East Germany (GDR) allowed its citizens to cross freely into West Berlin. The Berlin Wall, constructed in 1961, came to symbolize the “Iron Curtain” that separated Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War. These events led to German reunification in October 1990. www.bit.ly/P7SOjv

06 Thursday giovedì

Birthday of Guru Nanak – Sikhism Full Moon

Due in

Done

AM PM

07 Friday venerdì

Birth of Captain James Cook, Marton, 1728

AM PM

08 Saturday sabato

09 Sunday domenica

Fall of the Berlin Wall, 1989

Notes home

November

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

35


My goals for this week:

NOV 14

November

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03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Attendance

10 Monday lunedì

Due in

Done

AM PM

11 Tuesday martedì

AM PM

12 Wednesday mercoledì

AM PM

Days in Italian 36

Week:

WW1: Armistice Day


The 11th November is Armistice Day, also called Remembrance Day, when we remember those who fought and died in WW1 and wars since. A two minute silence is observed on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month when the war came to an end, but what year was this? 1917, 1918 or 1919?

13 Thursday giovedĂŹ

Due in

Done

AM PM

14 Friday venerdĂŹ

BBC Children in Need www.bbc.co.uk/pudsey

AM PM

15 Saturday sabato

16 Sunday domenica

Have I achieved my goals?

Notes home

November

Answer: 1918

School signature:

Home signature:

37


NOV 14

November

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My goals for this week:

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Attendance

17 Monday lunedì

Anti-Bullying Week www.antibullyingweek.co.uk Global Entrepreneurship Week www.gew.org.uk

Week: Due in

Done

AM PM

18 Tuesday martedì

Inter Faith Week www.interfaithweek.co.uk

AM PM

19 Wednesday mercoledì

AM PM

Days in Italian 38

Geography Awareness Week worldwise.geography.org.uk


National Anti-Bullying Week takes place in November each year. It’s a great time to raise awareness of bullying and the support available for anyone who needs it. If you ever feel bullied, talk to someone who can help like a family member or a teacher. If you know a friend is being bullied, help them to get support. www.bullying.co.uk/advice/young-people-advice

20 Thursday giovedì

Universal Children’s Day www.un.org World Philosophy Day

Due in

Done

AM PM

21 Friday venerdì

AM PM

22 Saturday sabato

International Education Week www.globaldimension.org.uk

23 Sunday domenica

Notes home

November

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

39


My goals for this week:

NOV 14

WEEK 16

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Attendance

Monday lunedì

AM PM

Tuesday

martedì

AM PM

Wednesday

AM PM

Days in Italian 40

mercoledì

Week: Due in

Done


November 30th is St Andrew’s Day. St Andrew has been the patron saint of Scotland since the 10th century. He was one of the 12 disciples of Jesus. If you want to know more about St Andrew and why he became the patron saint of Scotland, there is a film about him on this website www.bit.ly/1j6gWeL

Thursday giovedì

Due in

Done

AM PM

Friday

venerdì

AM PM

Saturday sabato

Sunday

domenica

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

41


DEC 14

December

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My goals for this week:

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Attendance

Monday Diluain

AM PM

26 Tuesday DimĂ irt

AM PM

27 Wednesday Diciadain

AM PM

Days in Scottish Gaelic 42

s

01 02 03 04 05 06 07

25

Week: Due in

Done


Resilience is about recovering quickly when things don’t go to plan. The more resilient we are, the more likely it is that we’ll bounce back from adversity. When bad things happen, ask yourself ‘are things really as bad as they seem?’ and ‘can I learn anything from this experience?’

28 Thursday Diardaoin

Due in

Done

AM PM

29 Friday Dihaoine

AM PM

30 Saturday Disathairne

Birth of Winston Churchill, Woodstock, 1874

St Andrew’s Day – pa-

Sunday

Didòmhnaich

Notes home

Nov / Dec

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

43


DEC 14

December

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My goals for this week:

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Attendance

01 Monday Diluain

AM PM

02 Tuesday DimĂ irt

AM PM

03 Wednesday Diciadain

AM PM

Days in Scottish Gaelic 44

s

01 02 03 04 05 06 07

World AIDS Day www.worldaidscampaign.org

Week: Due in

Done


It’s Human Rights Day on 10th December. It takes place every year to celebrate the creation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The ambition of the Declaration is that the people of the world have the same rights and freedoms. Is this something you believe in? Find out more on the Human Rights Day website. www.un.org/en/events/humanrightsday

04 Thursday Diardaoin

Due in

Done

AM PM

05 Friday Dihaoine

International Volunteer Day

AM PM

06 Saturday Disathairne

Full Moon

07 Sunday Didòmhnaich

Notes home

December

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

45


DEC 14

December

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01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

My goals for this week:

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Attendance

08 Monday Diluain

Week:

WW1: The Battle of the Falkland Islands, 1914 Due in

Done

AM PM

09 Tuesday DimĂ irt

AM PM

10 Wednesday Diciadain

AM PM

Days in Scottish Gaelic 46

Human Rights Day www.un.org


A century ago, on the 16th Dec 1914, the ports at Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby were attacked by the Imperial German Navy. Citizens living in the towns were completely unprepared for a bombardment that was designed to destroy British defences. 137 died, many of them ordinary civilians.

11 Thursday Diardaoin

International Mountain Day www.mountainpartnership. org

Due in

Done

AM PM

12 Friday Dihaoine

AM PM

13 Saturday Disathairne

14 Sunday Didòmhnaich

Notes home

December

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

47


Days in Scottish Gaelic

DEC 14/JAN 15

December/ January

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01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 01 02 03 04

Week:

15 Monday Diluain

16 Tuesday

Dimàirt

Start of Hanukkah – Judaism WW1: German battleships attacked Hartlepool, Scarborough and Whitby, 1914

17 Wednesday Diciadain

18 Thursday Diardaoin

19 Friday Dihaoine

20 Saturday Disathairne

48

21 Sunday Didòmhnaich

Winter Solstice (shortest day)


Christmas is here! For many, Christmas Day is a day to give and receive gifts to show how much we care about one another. However, for millions of Christians, it is a celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ. Many Eastern Orthodox Christians celebrate Christmas on January 7th.

Week:

22 Monday Diluain

DimĂ irt

24 Wednesday Diciadain

25 Thursday Diardaoin

Christmas Eve

Christmas Day - Western Christianity WW1: The Christmas Truce along the Western Front, 1914

26 Friday Dihaoine

27 Saturday Disathairne

Boxing Day

December

23 Tuesday

28 Sunday Didòmhnaich

49


My goals for this week:

JAN 15

December / January

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01 02 03 04

05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Attendance

29 Monday Montag

Week: Due in

Done

AM PM

30 Tuesday Dienstag

AM PM

31 Wednesday Mittwoch

AM PM

Days in German 50

New Year’s Eve UK and US combat troops depart from Afghanistan


75 years since food rationing. On 8th January 1940, during WW2, food was first rationed. The German blockade on trade into Britain meant that food was in short supply and had to be shared out. Wasting food later became a criminal offence and other items, like petrol & clothing, were also rationed.

01 Thursday Donnerstag

New Year’s Day Bank Holiday (UK) Lithuania plans to join the Eurozone

Due in

Done

AM PM

02 Friday Freitag

Bank Holiday (Scotland)

AM PM

03 Saturday Samstag

Milad un Nabi - Islam

04 Sunday Sonntag

Birth of Sir Isaac Newton, Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, 1643

Notes home

Dec / Jan

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

51


JAN 15

January

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01 02 03 04

05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

My goals for this week:

19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Attendance

05 Monday Montag

Week:

Birthday of Guru Gobind Singh - Sikhism Due in

Done

AM PM

06 Tuesday Dienstag

AM PM

07 Wednesday Mittwoch

AM PM

Days in German 52

Christmas Day - Eastern Christianity


Liberation of Auschwitz: January 2015 is the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz in Poland. Auschwitz was a concentration camp in the Second World War where over a million prisoners died. You may want to read the novel The Boy In the Striped Pyjamas by John Boyne, which is set in Auschwitz.

08 Thursday Donnerstag

Birth of Stephen Hawking, Oxford, 1942

Due in

Done

AM PM

09 Friday Freitag

AM PM

10 Saturday Samstag

11 Sunday Sonntag

Notes home

January

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

53


My goals for this week:

JAN 15

January

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05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Attendance

12 Monday Montag

AM PM

13 Tuesday Dienstag

AM PM

14 Wednesday Mittwoch

AM PM

Days in German 54

s

01 02 03 04

Week: Due in

Done


January 20th is the 750th anniversary of what is widely regarded as the first ever Parliament of England involving citizens not of noble birth. The attendance at parliament of knights and burgesses historically became known as the summoning of “the Commons”, a term derived from the Norman French word “commune”, literally translated as the “community of the realm”.

15 Thursday Donnerstag

Due in

Done

AM PM

16 Friday Freitag

Full Moon

AM PM

17 Saturday Samstag

18 Sunday Sonntag

Notes home

January

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

55


JAN/FEB 15

January My goals for this week:

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01 02 03 04

05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 01

Attendance

19 Monday Montag

Week: Due in

Done

AM PM

20 Tuesday Dienstag

AM PM

21 Wednesday Mittwoch

AM PM

Days in German 56

WW1: German Zeppelins bombed Great Yarmouth & King’s Lynn, 1915 Birth of James Watt, Greenock, 1736

750th anniversary of the first English Parliament, Westminster, 1265


January 27th is Holocaust Memorial Day. It commemorates the millions who were persecuted under the Nazi regime. It’s also a time to remember other genocides that have happened around the world more recently, including Rwanda, Darfur, Bosnia and Cambodia. Learn more here: www.hmd.org.uk

22 Thursday Donnerstag

Due in

Done

AM PM

23 Friday Freitag

Ganesh Jayanti – Hinduism

AM PM

24 Saturday Samstag

25 Sunday Sonntag

Notes home

January

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

57


My goals for this week:

FEB 15

January / February

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02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

Attendance

26 Monday poniedziałek

Due in

Done

PM

AM PM

28 Wednesday środa

AM PM

Days in Polish 58

Week:

AM

27 Tuesday wtorek

s

01

Holocaust Memorial Day www.hmd.org.uk


Do you have a favourite way to keep fit? Exercise helps you to keep your mind and body in good shape and there are plenty of team sports and solo pursuits to choose from. Have you got an exercise goal for this week?

29 Thursday czwartek

Due in

Done

AM PM

30 Friday piÄ…tek

AM PM

31 Saturday sobota

01 Sunday niedziela

Notes home

Jan / Feb

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

59


My goals for this week:

FEB 15

February

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01

02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

Attendance

02 Monday poniedziałek

Due in

Done

AM PM

03 Tuesday wtorek

AM PM

04 Wednesday środa

AM PM

Days in Polish 60

Week:

Full Moon


It’s Safer Internet Day on the 10th February. The internet is an incredible invention but it is very important that you stay safe online. Visit page 117 for our Internet Safety guidelines or go to the www.saferinternetday.org website.

05 Thursday czwartek

Due in

Done

AM PM

06 Friday piÄ…tek

AM PM

07 Saturday sobota

Birth of Charles Dickens, Portsea Island, 1812

08 Sunday niedziela

Nirvana Day: Buddhism

Notes home

February

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

61


My goals for this week:

FEB 15

February

m t

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01

02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

Attendance

09 Monday poniedziałek

Due in

Done

AM PM

10 Tuesday wtorek

AM PM

11 Wednesday środa

AM PM

Days in Polish 62

Week:

Safer Internet Day www.saferinternetday.org


Problem solving abilities are important skills for life. This is about being able to break a task down into small stages so that you can reach solutions for the issues you identify. You’ll find that problem solving means you use knowledge and information from all the subjects you study! Can you think of a problem you have solved recently, either in school or outside?

12 Thursday czwartek

Birth of Charles Darwin, Shrewsbury, 1809

Due in

Done

Birth of Charles Darwin, Shrewsbury, 1809

AM PM

13 Friday piÄ…tek

AM PM

14 Saturday sobota

15 Sunday niedziela

1874

Notes home

February

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

63


My goals for this week:

FEB/MAR 15

February

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01

02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 01

Attendance

16 Monday poniedziałek

Week: Due in

Done

AM PM

17 Tuesday wtorek

Shrove Tuesday - Christianity

AM PM

18 Wednesday środa

AM PM

Days in Polish 64

Ash Wednesday - Christianity


St David’s Day, on the 1st March, is a celebration of the patron saint of Wales. He founded a church in Wales in the 6th century and preached Christianity to the people. Today, he is a symbol of Welsh culture and many people think it should become a Welsh national holiday.

19 Thursday czwartek

WW1: Centenary of the start of the unsuccessful Allied Dardanelles Campaign, Turkey, 1915 Chinese New Year: Year of the Goat

Due in

Done

AM PM

20 Friday piÄ…tek

AM PM

21 Saturday sobota

22 Sunday niedziela

Notes home

February

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

65


My goals for this week:

MAR 15

February / March

w

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t

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01

02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Attendance

23 Monday dydd Llun

AM PM

24 Tuesday dydd Mawrth

AM PM

25 Wednesday dydd Mercher

AM PM

Days in Welsh 66

Week: Due in

Done


It’s Red Nose Day this March. Comic Relief was set up in 1985 with the ambition of eradicating poverty. Anyone can become a fundraiser, so why not explore the Comic Relief website and see what your school can do to raise money for charity. www.comicrelief.com

26 Thursday dydd lau

Due in

Done

AM PM

27 Friday dydd Gwener

AM PM

28 Saturday dydd Sadwrn

01 Sunday dydd Sul

St David’s Day

St David’s Day - patron saint of Wales

Notes home

Feb / Mar

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

67


My goals for this week:

MAR 15

March

w

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t

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01

02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Attendance

02 Monday dydd Llun

Week: Due in

Done

AM PM

03 Tuesday dydd Mawrth

Birth of Alexander Graham Bell, Edinburgh, 1847

AM PM

04 Wednesday dydd Mercher

AM PM

Days in Welsh 68

125th anniversary of the opening of the Forth Bridge, 1890


It’s Commonwealth Day on 9th March. The Commonwealth is a group of 53 nations. On this day, international relationships, democracy and peace are celebrated. Find out more about the Commonwealth and Commonwealth Day on this website: www.youngcommonwealth.org

05 Thursday dydd lau

World Book Day www.worldbookday.com Full Moon

Due in

Done

AM PM

06 Friday dydd Gwener

Holi – Hinduism

AM PM

07 Saturday dydd Sadwrn

08 Sunday dydd Sul

International Women’s Day www.internationalwomensday.com

School signature:

March

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Home signature:

69


MAR 15

March

w

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01

02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15

My goals for this week:

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Attendance

09 Monday dydd Llun

Week: Due in

Done

AM PM

10 Tuesday dydd Mawrth

AM PM

11 Wednesday dydd Mercher

AM PM

Days in Welsh 70

Commonwealth Day www.youngcommonwealth.org

WW1: Centenary of the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, France, 1915


World Poetry Day falls on the 21st March. Who is your favourite poet? Can you write a four line poem starting with these words? The flames were as red as red can be‌

12 Thursday dydd lau

Due in

Done

AM PM

13 Friday dydd Gwener

AM PM

14 Saturday dydd Sadwrn

15 Sunday dydd Sul

Mothering Sunday

School signature:

March

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Home signature:

71


MAR 15

March

w

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01

02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15

My goals for this week:

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Attendance

16 Monday dydd Llun

Due in

Done

AM PM

17 Tuesday dydd Mawrth

AM PM

18 Wednesday dydd Mercher

AM PM

Days in Welsh 72

Week:

Full Moon

St Patrick’s Day


The ability to learn: We learn something new every day! The more enthusiastic we are about learning, the more likely we are to succeed. This will help you to achieve your full potential. How do you feel about your learning skills? Is there someone you can talk to who can help you to improve them?

19 Thursday dydd lau

Due in

Done

AM PM

20 Friday dydd Gwener

Partial solar eclipse in the UK at approx. 0820 March Equinox

AM PM

21 Saturday dydd Sadwrn

World Poetry Day www.un.org

22 Sunday dydd Sul

World Water Day www.unwater.org

School signature:

March

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Home signature:

73


My goals for this week:

MAR/APR 15

March

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01

02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 01 02 03 04 05

Attendance

23 Monday Mōnandæg

AM PM

24 Tuesday Tīwesdæg

AM PM

25 Wednesday Wōdnesdæg

AM PM

Days in Old English (Mid-5th to mid-12th century) 74

Week: Due in

Done


It’s Easter this week. Easter is the Christian festival celebrating the resurrection of Christ. Easter is a moveable feast, which means the date can change every year – it is established as the first Sunday after the full moon following the March equinox. There are many Easter traditions such as the giving of eggs which are a traditional symbol of fertility. In Christianity Easter eggs symbolize the empty tomb of Jesus.

26 Thursday Þunresdæg

Due in

Done

AM PM

27 Friday Frīgedæg

AM PM

28 Saturday Sæternesdæg

29 Sunday Sunnandæg

British Summer Time (BST) begins

School signature:

March

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Home signature:

75


My goals for this week:

APR 15

WEEK 34

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06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Attendance

Monday Mōnandæg

AM PM

Tuesday

Tīwesdæg

AM PM

Wednesday

Wōdnesdæg

AM PM

Days in Old English (Mid-5th to mid-12th century) 76

s

01 02 03 04 05

Week: Due in

Done


Team Work: Being good at working in a team is a very useful skill but one that many of us struggle with. How well do you work with others? Can you think of ways that might improve your team skills? Listening to others is a great way to start!

Thursday Þunresdæg

Due in

Done

AM PM

Friday

Frīgedæg

AM PM

Saturday Sæternesdæg

Sunday

Sunnandæg

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

77


My goals for this week:

APR 15

Mar / Apr

m t

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f

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01 02 03 04 05

06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Attendance

31 Monday Mōnandæg

Week: Due in

Done

AM PM

01 Tuesday Tīwesdæg

April Fools’ Day

AM PM

02 Wednesday Wōdnesdæg

AM PM

Days in Old English (Mid-5th to mid-12th century) 78

International Children’s Book Day www.ibby.org


On the 19th April, 1770, after charting the coast of New Zealand for six months, Captain James Cook sighted Eastern Australia. He was the first European known to do so. They landed on the shore of what is now known as Botany Bay, named after the discovery of plants and flowers never-before-seen by Cook’s botanists.

03 Thursday Þunresdæg

Good Friday – Christianity Bank Holiday Start of Pesach - Judaism

Due in

Done

AM PM

04 Friday Frīgedæg

Full Moon

PM

05 Saturday Sæternesdæg

Easter Sunday Christianity

Sunday

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Sunnandæg

Mar / Apr

AM

School signature:

Home signature:

79


APR 15

April

m t

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f

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s

01 02 03 04 05

06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

My goals for this week:

20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Attendance

06 Monday Mōnandæg

Due in

Done

AM PM

07 Tuesday Tīwesdæg

AM PM

08 Wednesday Wōdnesdæg

AM PM

Days in Old English (Mid-5th to mid-12th century) 80

Week:

Easter Monday – Christianity. Bank Holiday

World Health Day www.who.int


The 23rd April 1564 is the birthday of William Shakespeare. Why not impress your friends and teachers with quotes from his famous plays? You can find them here: www.shakespeare-online.com/quotes

09 Thursday Þunresdæg

Birth of Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Portsmouth, 1806

Due in

Done

AM PM

10 Friday Frīgedæg

AM PM

11 Saturday Sæternesdæg

12 Sunday Sunnandæg

School signature:

April

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Home signature:

81


My goals for this week:

APR/MAY 15

April

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f

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01 02 03 04 05

06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 01 02 03

Attendance

13 Monday Mōnandæg

Week: Due in

Done

AM PM

14 Tuesday Tīwesdæg

AM PM

15 Wednesday Wōdnesdæg

AM PM

Days in Old English (Mid-5th to mid-12th century) 82

Start of Songkran – Buddhism Vaisakhi – Sikhism

Hola Mohalla - Sikhism


May 7th marks the centenary of the sinking of the British ocean liner RMS Lusitania by a German U-boat in WW1, 11 miles from the southern Irish coast. This controversial act, resulting in the loss of 1,198 lives, including those of 128 Americans, was a contributory factor in the USA joining the war on the Allied side.

16 Thursday Þunresdæg

Due in

Done

AM PM

17 Friday Frīgedæg

AM PM

18 Saturday Sæternesdæg

19 Sunday Sunnandæg

Captain Cook sighted Eastern Australia, 1770

School signature:

April

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Home signature:

83


My goals for this week:

MAY 15

April

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01 02 03

04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Attendance

20 Monday lunes

Week: Due in

Done

AM PM

21 Tuesday martes

The official birthday of Queen Elizabeth II, 1926

AM PM

22 Wednesday miĂŠrcoles

AM PM

Days in Spanish 84

International Mother Earth Day www.un.org


The General Election is expected to take place on 7th May. Every five years, British citizens over the age of 18 vote for who they would like to run the country. Thousands have fought and died for this right but in some parts of the world people aren’t quite so lucky.

23 Thursday jueves

Birth of William Shakespeare, Stratford-upon-Avon, 1564 St George’s Day

Due in

Done

AM PM

24 Friday viernes

AM PM

25 Saturday sábado

Birth of Oliver Cromwell, Huntingdon, 1599

26 Sunday domingo

School signature:

April

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Home signature:

85


My goals for this week:

MAY 15

April / May

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f

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s

01 02 03

04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Attendance

27 Monday lunes

AM PM

28 Tuesday martes

AM PM

29 Wednesday miĂŠrcoles

AM PM

Days in Spanish 86

Week: Due in

Done


Florence Nightingale was born on the 12th May 1820 in Florence, Italy. Her name became famous during the Crimean War when, in 1854, she led a team of nurses to help the wounded. She published ‘Notes on Nursing’ in 1860 that highlighted how important sanitation and organisation was in hospitals.

30 Thursday jueves

Due in

Done

AM PM

01 Friday viernes

International Workers’ Day May Day

AM PM

02 Saturday sábado

Birthday of Guru Arjan Dev - Sikhism

03 Sunday domingo

Notes home

Apr / May

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

87


MAY 15

May

m t

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s

01 02 03

04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

My goals for this week:

18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Attendance

04 Monday lunes

Week: Due in

Done

AM PM

05 Tuesday martes

AM PM

06 Wednesday miércoles

AM PM

Days in Spanish 88

Bank Holiday Full Moon

Children’s Book Week www.bookweekonline.com


When we have a good understanding of maths we can use and understand data and statistics much more effectively. This also helps us to back up the points we make with evidence. Can you think of ways that you have used evidence to support your school work, perhaps in maths or science lessons?

07 Thursday jueves

Due in

Done

AM PM

08 Friday viernes

70th anniversary of Victory in Europe (VE) Day, 1945

AM PM

09 Saturday sรกbado

Europe Day www.europa.eu

10 Sunday domingo

Winston Churchill became Prime Minister, 1940

School signature:

May

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Home signature:

89


My goals for this week:

MAY/JUN 15

May

m t

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s

01 02 03

04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Attendance

11 Monday lunes

Due in

Done

AM PM

12 Tuesday martes

AM PM

13 Wednesday miĂŠrcoles

AM PM

Days in Spanish 90

Week:

Birth of Florence Nightingale, Italy, 1820


When we communicate with others we need to remember that it’s good to negotiate so that other people’s feelings are taken into consideration. The best outcome is when both people feel listened to and a win-win solution is reached. How good are your negotiations skills? Can you think of a time when you have negotiated a win-win outcome?

14 Thursday jueves

Due in

Done

AM PM

15 Friday viernes

International Day of Families www.un.org

AM PM

16 Saturday sábado

17 Sunday domingo

School signature:

May

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Home signature:

91


JUN 15

May

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08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

My goals for this week:

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Attendance

18 Monday segunda-feira

AM PM

19 Tuesday terรงa-feira

AM PM

20 Wednesday quarta-feira

AM PM

Days in Brazilian Portuguese 92

s

01 02 03 04 05 06 07

Week:

Walk to School Week Due in

Done


World Environment Day is held on 5th June every year. It is a celebration of positive environmental action and has different themes each year. Can you find out what the theme is for 2015? What action can you take to celebrate the day? There’s plenty of information here: www.unep.org/wed

21 Thursday quinta-feira

Due in

Done

AM PM

22 Friday sexta-feira

AM PM

23 Saturday sĂĄbado

24 Sunday domingo

School signature:

May

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Home signature:

93


JUN 15

May / June

w

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08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

My goals for this week:

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Attendance

25 Monday segunda-feira

AM PM

26 Tuesday terรงa-feira

AM PM

27 Wednesday quarta-feira

AM PM

Days in Brazilian Portuguese 94

s

01 02 03 04 05 06 07

Bank Holiday WW1: A British coalition government was formed, 1915

Week: Due in

Done


800th anniversary of the Magna Carta: Magna Carta is Latin for “Great Charter”. It was signed on 15th June 1215 by King John as a promise to the barons that he would no longer abuse his powers. Parts of the document are still influential today. Find out more here: www.historylearningsite.co.uk/magna_carta.htm

28 Thursday quinta-feira

Due in

Done

AM PM

29 Friday sexta-feira

AM PM

30 Saturday sábado

31 Sunday domingo

WW1: The first Zeppelin bombing of London, 1915

Notes home

May / Jun

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

95


JUN 15

June

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01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

My goals for this week:

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Attendance

01 Monday segunda-feira

Due in

Done

AM PM

02 Tuesday terรงa-feira

AM PM

03 Wednesday quarta-feira

AM PM

Days in Brazilian Portuguese 96

Week:

Wesak Day - Buddhism

Full Moon


Battle of Waterloo: June18th, 2015 will be the bicentenary of the Battle of Waterloo. It was fought between the French army under the command of Emperor Napoleon and the armies of the Seventh Coalition, including an army led by the Duke of Wellington. It took place in Belgium. Visit page 120 & www.bbc.in/1qOwcmp to find out more.

04 Thursday quinta-feira

WW1: The Third Battle of Krithia, Turkey, 1915

Due in

Done

AM PM

05 Friday sexta-feira

World Environment Day www.unep.org

AM PM

06 Saturday sรกbado

07 Sunday domingo

School signature:

June

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Home signature:

97


JUN 15

June

w

m t

t

f

s

s

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

My goals for this week:

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Attendance

08 Monday segunda-feira

Week: Due in

Done

AM PM

09 Tuesday terรงa-feira

AM PM

10 Wednesday quarta-feira

AM PM

Days in Brazilian Portuguese 98

World Oceans Day www.worldoceansday.org

Birth of George Stephenson, Wylam, 1781


King Henry VIII was born on 28th June 1491 in Greenwich. He would go on to become one of the most infamous rulers of England. He had six wives, but not many met a very happy end. They were Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Kathryn Howard and Katherine Parr. Use this ditty to remember the fate of each wife: “Divorced, beheaded, died; divorced, beheaded, survived”

11 Thursday quinta-feira

Due in

Done

AM PM

12 Friday sexta-feira

AM PM

13 Saturday sábado

14 Sunday domingo

School signature:

June

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Home signature:

99


JUN/JUL 15

June

My goals for this week:

m t

w

t

f

s

s

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 01 02 03 04 05

Attendance

15 Monday segunda-feira

AM PM

16 Tuesday terรงa-feira

AM PM

17 Wednesday quarta-feira

AM PM

Days in Brazilian Portuguese 100

800th anniversary of King John signing the Magna Carta, 1215 www.magnacarta800th.com

Week: Due in

Done


Organisation: No matter how enthusiastic you are about your studies, you really need to be organised to help you achieve the best of your abilities. Try to meet deadlines ahead of time and prioritise the most important or urgent tasks.

18 Thursday quinta-feira

Start of Ramadan – Islam The Battle of Waterloo, 1815 (see page 120)

Due in

Done

AM PM

19 Friday sexta-feira

AM PM

20 Saturday sĂĄbado

21 Sunday domingo

Summer Solstice (longest day)

School signature:

June

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Home signature:

101


My goals for this week:

JUL 15

June

m t

w

t

s

f

s

01 02 03 04 05

06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Attendance

22 Monday 星期 一 xīng qī yī (sing-chee-yee)

Due in

Done

AM PM

23 Tuesday 星期二 xīng qī èr (sing-chee-r)

AM PM

24 Wednesday 星期三 xīng qī sān (sing-chee-san)

AM PM

Days in Mandarin 102

Week:

Olympic Day www.olympic.org


This month is the 75th anniversary of the start of the Battle of Britain in 1940. After the successful invasion of Belgium and France, Germany set its sights on invading Britain. A campaign was launched to establish air supremacy over southern England which ultimately failed due to the exploits of the RAF and Fighter Command. Find out more at the BBC History website: www.bbc.co.uk/history/battle_of_britain

25 Thursday 星期四 xīng qī sì (sing-chee-sur)

Due in

Done

AM PM

26 Friday 星期五 xīng qī wu (sing-chee-woo)

AM PM

27 Saturday 星期六 xīng qī liù (sing-chee-leo)

28 Sunday 星期天 xīng qī tiān (sing-chee-tee-n)

Birth of King Henry VIII, Greenwich, 1491

School signature:

June

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Home signature:

103


JUL 15

June / July

m t

w

t

s

f

s

01 02 03 04 05

06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

My goals for this week:

20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

29 Monday 星期 一 xīng qī yī (sing-chee-yee)

Week:

Attendance

Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Championship, 29 June – 12 July Due in

Done

AM PM

30 Tuesday 星期二 xīng qī èr (sing-chee-r)

AM PM

01 Wednesday 星期三 xīng qī sān (sing-chee-san)

AM PM

Days in Mandarin 104

Birth of Diana, Princess of Wales, Sandringham, 1961


Working to deadlines: A vital skill for life is the ability to work to deadlines and to cope with the stress of your workload. This means being able to prioritise what’s important in order to get tasks done. What do you do to cope with exam and assessment deadlines?

02 Thursday 星期四 xīng qī sì (sing-chee-sur)

Full Moon

Due in

Done

AM PM

03 Friday 星期五 xīng qī wu (sing-chee-woo)

AM PM

04 Saturday 星期六 xīng qī liù (sing-chee-leo)

05 Sunday 星期天 xīng qī tiān (sing-chee-tee-n)

Notes home

Jun / Jul

Have I achieved my goals?

School signature:

Home signature:

105


My goals for this week:

JUL 15

July

m t

w

t

s

f

06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Attendance

06 Monday 星期 一 xīng qī yī (sing-chee-yee)

AM PM

07 Tuesday 星期二 xīng qī èr (sing-chee-r)

AM PM

08 Wednesday 星期三 xīng qī sān (sing-chee-san)

AM PM

Days in Mandarin 106

s

01 02 03 04 05

Week: Due in

Done


Difference and diversity: The world would be a very boring place if we were all the same! It’s so important to value diversity - a great skill to develop for life. When we value difference and diversity, we value people for their character and what they contribute.

09 Thursday 星期四 xīng qī sì (sing-chee-sur)

Due in

Done

AM PM

10 Friday 星期五 xīng qī wu (sing-chee-woo)

Start of the Battle of Britain, 1940

AM PM

11 Saturday 星期六 xīng qī liù (sing-chee-leo)

12 Sunday 星期天 xīng qī tiān (sing-chee-tee-n)

School signature:

July

Notes home

Have I achieved my goals?

Home signature:

107


Summer Planner 2015

July 2015

108

August 2015

September 2015

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7 11

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Tab Text

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Back Pages The

109


Maths

Formulae

Pythagoras’ Theorem

c

a² + b² = c²

Area of triangle = 1 x base x height

b

height

a

2

base

Volume of sphere = 4 x π x radius (r)³

Area of parallelogram = base x height

Surface area of sphere = 4 x π x radius (r)²

base

a

Volume of cuboid = length (l) x width (w) x height (h)

Area of trapezium = 1 x (a+b) x h

h w

b

Volume of prism = area of triangle (t) x length (l)

radius diameter

Area of circle = π x (radius)2

t

Volume of cylinder = π x radius (r)2 x length (l)

l r

h

l

r

Maths

Cylinder Curved surface area = 2 x π x radius (r) x length (l) Quadratic equation A quadratic equation is an equation that includes a quadratic expression, i.e. a variable that is squared. Quadratic equations can be written in the form ax2+ bx + c = 0, and are solved by the quadratic formula:

110

∑ (x - x)2 n

l

Volume of cone = 1 x base area (πr²) x height (h) 3

Curved surface area of cone = π x radius (r) x length (l)

Trigonometry sin Ø = opp cos Ø = adj hyp hyp

tan Ø = opp adj hyp Ø

opp adj

In any triangle ABC:

- b ± b2 - 4 ac 2a

Sine rule

Standard deviation (σ - sigma) Standard deviation for a set of numbers x1, x2, ..., xn, having a mean of x, is given by σ=

h

2

l

Circumference of circle = π x diameter = 2 x π x radius

x=

r

3

height

or

σ=

( )

∑x ∑x2 n - n

Where ∑ means 'the total' or 'sum of'.

2

a b c = = sin A sin B sin C

Cosine rule a² = b² + c² - 2bc cos A cos A = b² + c² - a² C 2bc b Area of triangle = 1 ab sin C 2

A

a c

B


Maths

Right Angled Triangles

hyp

opp

Mark the angle you are going to use in the triangle. Label the sides, in relation to the angle, ‘opposite’, ‘adjacent’ and ‘hypotenuse’. You need two measurements to find a third. Mark on the triangle the information you have been given. o

s

a

h

c

Now you must decide whether to use: sine (sin), cosine (cos) or tangent (tan).* This phrase will help you remember:

o

h

t

adj

a

SOH CAH TOA (sock a toa!) *see Trigonometry on previous page

Or use these triangles

Finding the length of a side

Finding an angle

Find AB:

Find CÊD:

• The given angle 33° is opp AB

• The given length ED is adj to CÊD

• The given length is AC, the hyp • Therefore use sin : sin ø = opp hyp

• The given length CD is opp CÊD • Therefore use tan: tan ø = opp adj

A

6cm opp 62º

B

C

adj

AB hyp

E

D

14cm adj

o

tan CÊD =

opp adj

AB = 0.544639 x 10

tan CÊD =

6 14

AB = 5.44639, therefore AB = 5.45cm to 3 significant figures ( 3sf )

tan CÊD = 0.4 (use tan¯¹ button on calculator) CÊD = 23.2° ( 3sf )

AB = sin 33° x 10

s

h

o

t

a

Maths

opp

sin 33° =

C

10cm hyp

You can get more help with Maths at: www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/maths 111


Grammar Understanding grammar is the key to improving your writing and speaking skills.

Noun A naming word.

• Common noun = a person, thing or place in general - table, pencil, window. • Proper noun = the actual name of a person, place or thing - Adam, Sunday, Italy (always has a capital letter). • Abstract noun = a concept or idea that can’t be touched – love, anger, kindness.

Pronoun A pronoun is used in place of a noun or noun phrase. There are many different types of pronoun. Four of these are:

• Personal pronouns – I, you, he, she, it, we, they • Interrogative pronouns – who, whom, whose, which, what… • Possessive pronouns – my, your, his, her, its, our, their…

Grammar

• Indefinite pronouns – all, any, anything, everybody, everything, many, nobody, several…

Verb Verbs are ‘doing’ and ‘being’ words. These can be active (the action is done by the main person or thing) and passive verbs (when the action is done to the main person or thing). The verb also expresses the tense.

• The magician will disappear. (Future tense. Active). • The fish was eaten by the shark. (Past tense. Passive). 112

Adjective An adjective describes a noun.

• The big ship sailed on the blue sea.

Comparative A comparative compares one thing to another.

• My brother is taller than me.

Superlative A superlative describes the highest degree of a characteristic. It is formed by adding ‘-est’ to the end of an adjective or adverb, or by putting ‘most’ before it.

• Today is the coldest day on record. • That was the most exciting film I have ever seen!

Adverb This is a word used to modify (give further information about) an adjective, verb or another adverb.

• The very tall runner ran quickly.

Preposition A preposition tells you the relationship between a noun or pronoun and another word in the sentence. These are often a position or motion.

• A deer ran across the road and into the woods. • The dog was under the table.


Grammar

Conjunction

Compound word

Conjunctions (also known as connectives) connect phrases to form longer sentences.

A word made of two or more words.

Determiner A word that goes before a noun to specify which, how much or how many of the noun. It can also be a possessive.

• Armchair, tablespoon, passport, underline

Contraction An abbreviation in which letters are removed from the middle of a word. It can also be an abbreviation of two words in which an apostrophe replaces missing letters.

• My house is in a village.

• Mr. (Mister), Dr. (Doctor), St. (Saint).

• He has many friends.

• It’s (it + is), they’ve (they + have), shouldn’t (should + not).

Prefix & Suffix These are added to the beginning or end of a word to create a new word or to change the meaning.

• Prefix = impossible, disappear, illogical • Suffix = powerful, enjoyment, teacher

Synonym A word with an identical or very similar meaning to another.

• Hot / boiling, massive / enormous, old / ancient.

Antonym A word that has an opposite meaning to another.

• Always / never, cheap / expensive, selfish / selfless, push / pull.

Clause A group of words usually containing a subject and verb. A main clause makes sense independently. A subordinate clause adds further information but depends on the main clause to make sense.

• I travelled the world (Main clause) and met some incredible people (Subordinate clause).

Simile When a likeness is drawn between one thing and another. This is usually done for effect.

• The skyscraper was as tall as a mountain. • The aeroplane glided through the air like an eagle.

Grammar

• I bought a ticket and boarded the train.

You can get more help with grammar at: www.oxforddictionaries.com/grammar 113


Punctuation Punctuation expresses tone and meaning, but a misplaced comma or question mark can be very confusing. So, be careful!

C apital letter

• Punctuation is very important. • Sarah is going to London on Tuesday.

.

Used at the end of a sentence, for emphasis and in some abbreviations.

• Everyone is happy when the sun shines. • The weather was hot. Every single day.

Exclamation mark

!

Used instead of a full stop to show a strong feeling like anger, surprise or shock.

Punctuation

• Wow, that’s amazing!

114

Question mark

,

A comma separates different parts of a sentence. It is used in different ways:

• In a list - I had a delicious dinner of chicken, potatoes, carrots and stuffing. • When quoting speech – “I love to sing”, she said.

Used at the start of a sentence, proper noun, title or an organisation.

Full stop

Comma

?

• To separate main and subordinate clauses – After eating a huge dinner, I didn’t really fancy dessert. • To add more information – John, who is very tall, always bumps his head.

( Parentheses )

Also known as brackets. Used when you want to insert an explanation into a sentence.

• Paris (the capital of France) is famous for the Eiffel Tower.

“ Quotation marks ”

These are used where words have been written or spoken by someone other than the author.

• “Would you like another slice of cake?”, she asked.

Colon

:

Colons are used to introduce further information.

Used instead of a full stop when the sentence asks a question.

• I always give the same advice: treat everyone equally.

, Apostrophe

• To make a cake you will need the following: eggs, butter, flour, sugar & milk.

Hyphen

Used in place of missing letters or to show ownership of something.

Hyphens are used between words to show their relationship.

• Do you own any pets?

-

• We’ll go to the cinema tomorrow.

• I have a three-year-old brother.

• Ben’s house is yellow.

• He owns a custom-built bike.


Planning an essay Preparation • Look for key words in the question. What is the topic? What sort of answer should you give? An essay that asks you to discuss is very different from one that asks you to summarise. • Some questions are quite open, others very specific. Look out for points that have to be covered. • Make a mind map. This will help you to see how arguments connect. • Make a plan to guide your essay. How will you order your arguments? Which are most important? How will the overall argument develop?

1. Introduction • One paragraph. • Set the scene by outlining the main points and overall argument. • Keep it short and to the point. • Capture the reader’s attention by choosing words carefully. Take your time to write it.

3. Conclusion • One paragraph. • This is similar to your introduction. Summarise the points you have made and end with a final statement that answers the question. • Never introduce a new point in the conclusion!

Top Tips • Keep a note of books and websites that you have used. You might be asked to provide a bibliography. • Avoid slang and abbreviations. Vary your vocabulary and keep it formal. Above all, be clear! • Proof read! It’s easy to miss small mistakes the first time round. Get other people to read through it too. • Never rush your essay. Ideas develop and grow over time and the earlier you start, the better the final result.

• Each point develops into a paragraph. Remember to ‘PEE’: introduce your point, support it with evidence (a quote, for example) and give an explanation – why is this point important? • Be careful of facts and opinions. Use phrases such as ‘it could be said that…’

For more help on essay writing, try visiting some of these sites...

• Don’t wander from the point. To keep your answer relevant, refer back to the question now and again. • Ask yourself how and why, not just who, where and when. • Don’t write a list! Paragraphs must link to form a cohesive argument.

www.bit.ly/1tK2DVD www.bit.ly/1gWVrws www.bit.ly/1pxkRtP

Planning an essay

2. Middle

115


Revision Top Tips for Exams Preparation is the secret to exam success. Revise properly and you’ll have no worries!

Plan Plan your revision around your priorities. Which exam is first? Which subjects do you find hardest? Remember to be realistic when planning your time – rushed revision is unproductive revision, so start nice and early.

Revise

Whether it’s mind maps or revision cards, find out what revision method works best for you. Try revising with friends – listening to their ideas and teaching them what you’ve been learning can be very effective. Revise in a place without distractions and keep notes organised.

Revision

Eat well & exercise

A good diet is vital, so be sure to eat your fivea-day. Nuts, fish and whole grains are also good brain foods. Drink plenty of water to keep your body and brain hydrated. Get out in the fresh air as often as you can.

Practise

Look at past exam papers to know what to expect. After a few weeks of revision, practise

them in exam conditions without looking at your notes. Ask your teacher to mark them for you to see if you’re on the right track.

Ask for help

It’ll be tempting to revise what you already know. Don’t ignore what you don’t understand! Ask a teacher or friend for help before it’s too late.

Rest

Believe it or not, it is possible to over revise. Make sure you take a break every 45 minutes and get plenty of fresh air and sleep. It’s during sleep that our brains organise and make sense of everything that we have been learning.

Exam

Be prepared! Switch your phone off and have everything you need. Don’t try to revise just before going in. When you begin, read the questions carefully and think before answering. If you’re struggling, leave difficult questions until the end. If you have time, read through your answers and correct any mistakes.

You’re bound to be nervous during the exam period, but if you’ve revised properly there’s no need to worry. If you need more tips on exam stress, visit the Stress Busting website: www.stressbusting.co.uk/how-to-deal-withexam-stress

Or you can get more help with revision at: www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize 116


Internet Safety Protecting Yourself • Keep your address, email and phone number to yourself. Only close friends and family need to know these. • Think first! Embarrassing or revealing social media profile photos can be seen by anyone. If you post on a forum or have a blog, are you happy for anyone to read it? • If someone contacts you or wants to be ‘friends’, ask yourself ‘how well do I know this person?’ before responding. • It’s a good idea to avoid using your full name. To be extra-safe, choose another name altogether. • Keep your password to yourself and choose one that isn’t obvious. Lock your phone with a PIN code and log out of any accounts. • Are you old enough? Some websites have a minimum age (13 on Facebook). If you’re younger they could be unsuitable. • When using a search engine, switch on the safer search filter. Choose words carefully so you don’t see anything offensive.

Protecting your Gadgets • Never download an email attachment from an unknown person. • Make sure you have anti-virus software before downloading anything.

If you want to know more, there’s plenty of help out there! www.thinkuknow.co.uk www.digizen.org • Downloading music and films illegally can also result in a virus. • Your phone can get a virus too, so be careful of the websites you choose to visit.

Bullies and Tricksters • Never meet up with someone you met online. They might seem nice in the virtual world, but the reality could be very different. • Ignore strangers who contact you claiming to be in trouble or in need of money. • Ignore people who ask for private information like bank details. A real bank would never ask you to give this information over the phone or by email. • The internet is not the real world. If someone becomes aggressive, don’t get involved! • If you’re bullied, save any messages and tell someone you trust. • Many websites have their own advice on what to do if you feel threatened. Have a look at the Facebook and Twitter help pages: www.facebook.com/help support.twitter.com/articles/20169998reporting-abusive-behavior

If you’re being bullied or are worried about a friend, Beat Bullying and ChildLine are great sources of advice. You can even create an account and talk to a mentor or counsellor. www.beatbullying.org

Internet Safety

The internet is undoubtedly an incredible invention but there are dangers to watch out for. When surfing the net on your mobile, laptop or tablet, follow these golden rules to keep safe.

www.childline.org.uk 117


Conversions

Length and Distance

1 kilometre (km) = 1,000 metres (m) = 0.6214 miles 1 m = 100 centimetres (cm) = 39.37 inches (in) 1 cm = 10 millimetres (mm) = 0.3937 in 1 mile = 1760 yards (yd) = 1.6093 km 1 yd = 3 feet (ft) = 91.44 cm 1 ft = 12 in = 30.48 cm 1 in = 2.54 cm

Temperature Chart To change Fahrenheit (F) to Celsius (C): F – 32 x 5 ÷ 9 = C To change Celsius (C) to Fahrenheit (F): C x 9 ÷ 5 + 32 = F

Weight

F

C

212

100

203

95

194

90

185

85

176

80

167

75

158

70

149

65

140

60

131

55

122

50

113

45

Velocity

104

40

95

35

Kilometres per hour (kph) x 0.62 = mph Miles per hour (mph) x 1.6093 = kph

86

30

77

25

68

20

59

15

50

10

41

5

1 tonne (t) = 1000 kilograms (kg) = 2,204.62 pounds (lb) 1 kg = 1,000 grams (g) = 2.2046 lb 1 g = 1,000 milligrams (mg) = 0.0353 ounces (oz.) 1 stone = 14 lb = 6.3503 kg 1 lb. = 16 oz = 0.4536 kg 1 oz. = 437.5 grains = 28.3495 g

Volume & Capacity

Conversions

1 litre (l) = 100 centilitres (cl) = 1.7598 pints (pt.) 1 cl = 10 mililitres (ml) = 0.0175 pt. 1 gal = 8 pt. = 4.546 l 1 pt. = 20 fluid ounces (fl oz) = 0.5683 l 1 tablespoon (tbs) =17.76 ml

Kilo means 1,000… metres, grams etc. Centi means 1/100th … of a litre, metre etc. Milli means 1/1000th … of a litre, metre etc.

24 Hour Clock 00:00 11:00 12 midnight 01:00 11 am 1 am 02:00 10:00 2 am 10 am 09:00 9 am

03:00 3 am

08:00 04:00 8 am 4 am 05:00 07:00 7 am 06:00 5 am 6 am

118

AM

12:00 23:00 12 noon 13:00 11 pm 1 pm 14:00 22:00 2 pm 10 pm 21:00 9 pm

15:00 3 pm

20:00 16:00 8 pm 4 pm 17:00 19:00 7 pm 18:00 5 pm 6 pm

PM

32

0

23

-5

14

-10

5

-15

0

-17.8

Absolute zero 0°K (Kelvin)

-273.15C


24

144

KEY

**

thorium

90

232

Th

59 60

Nd

Os

Hs

145

Pm

108

hassium

[277]

osmium

76

190

protactinium

91

Pa

[231] uranium

92

U

238 neptunium

93

Np

[237]

61

praseodymium neodymium promethium

Pr

101

Ru

ruthenium

44

26

iron

Fe

56

Co

Rh

103

cobalt

59

R

O

Ir

Mt

106

Pd

Pt

Ds

[271]

platinum

78

195

palladium

46

28

Ni

P

nickel

59

U

Rg

gold

Au

197

silver

108

Ag

[272]

79

47

29

Cu

copper

63.5

150

plutonium

94

Pu

[242]

62

samarium

Sm

109

63

152

95

americium

Am

[243]

europium

Eu

110

64

157

96

curium

Cm

[247]

gadolinium

Gd

111

meitnerium darmstadtium roentgenium

[268]

iridium

77

192

rhodium

45

27

G

112

Cd

Hg

13

31

Tl

thallium

204

indium

81

49

In

115

gallium

Ga

70

aluminium

Al

27

boron

82

50

lead

Pb

207

tin

Sn

119

Bi

bismuth

83

209

antimony

51

34

Po

polonium

84

[209]

tellurium

52

Te

128

Sb

122

33

Se

selenium

arsenic

As

79

Ge

sulphur

75

73

S

32

oxygen

16

8

O

16

6

phosphorus

P

31

nitrogen

15

7

N

14

5

silicon

Si

28

carbon

germanium

32

14

6

C

12

4

1

65

159

Tb

berkelium

97

Bk

[245]

terbium

66

163

Dy

californium

98

Cf

[251]

dysprosium

165

Ho

einsteinium

99

Es

[254]

holmium

67

Blue=liquid Red=gas Grey=unknown

Blu Re Gr

ka

li m

35

Br

astatine

85

At

iodine

[210]

53

I

127

bromine

80

86

radon

Rn

xenon

131

Xe

[222]

54

36

84

Kr

argon

40

Ar

neon

20

Ne

krypton

18

10

2

4

helium

He

0

68

Er

167

100

fermium

Fm

[253]

erbium

169

Tm

101

et

al

s

A m lka et lin al e s E

ar

th

M

s

al

et

Se

m

i-m

et

al

s

N

on

-m

et

al

s

mendelevium

Md

[256]

69

thulium

70

173

Yb

H (n alo on ge -m ns et al s)

102

nobelium

No

[254]

ytterbium

71

175

Lu

Lr

N (n obl on e -m ga et se al s s)

103

lawrencium

[257]

lutetium

Learn more about the Periodic Table & the Elements at www.periodicvideos.com

Al

BACKGROUND COLOUR

The information in this Periodic Table was guided by the specifications and exam papers of OCR, Edexcel and AQA

Black=solid Bl

STATE AT ROOM TEMPERATURE

Cl

35.5

fluorine

chlorine

17

9

F

19

7

Elements with atomic numbers 112-116 have been reported but not fully authenticated

mercury

80

201

cadmium

48

30

zinc

Zn

65

5

B

11

3

Please note: Where elements do not have a stable isotope, the relative atomic mass is given in square brackets

Actinoids

58

140

Ce

cerium

107

Bh

141

* Lanthanoids

106

Sg bohrium

105

Db seaborgium

Rf

dubnium

Ac

89

104

rutherfordium

88

radium

Ra

actinium

Fr

francium

87

[264]

[266]

Re

rhenium

75

[262]

W

tungsten

74

[261]

57

[227]

Ta

186

[226]

55

tantalum

73

43

[223]

Hf

184

hafnium

72

42

molybdenum technetium

Tc

lanthanum

La

181

Mo

[98]

barium

Ba

niobium

41

178

Nb

zirconium

40

Zr

Mn

55

manganese

25

1

H

hydrogen

1

caesium

56

139

Cs

yttrium

39

137

37

strontium

38

Y

133

Sr

rubidium

Rb

96

23

93

22

91

21

89

20

88

19

85

Cr

chromium

V

vanadium

Ti

52

titanium

Sc

51

scandium

Ca

48

calcium

45

potassium

K

40

39

12

magnesium

sodium

Mg

24

Na

beryllium

23

4

lithium

11

3

Be

9

7

Li

2

1

Periodic Table 1

H

119


200 years since the

Field marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

WELLESLEY was born into a wealthy Anglo-Irish aristocratic family in Ireland, the third of five brothers on 1st May 1769.

He showed little promise during his education and late teens but joined the army with a commission in 1787. His first proposal to his wife-tobe was rejected because he was considered to be a young man in debt, with very poor prospects. This spurred him on in his new career. He gained considerable military experience during campaigns in the Netherlands, India & Denmark and rose to prominence as a senior commander in the Peninsular War fought in Spain and Portugal against the French from 1808 to 1814. He was created a Duke for his many successes there and was then appointed ambassador to France. In 1815 he successfully led the Anglo-Allied army at Waterloo before becoming Commander-in-Chief of the British Army from 1829. He also entered politics becoming Tory Prime Minister twice, in 1828-30 and 1834, before retiring in 1846. He died in 1852 at the age of 83. Quite a life of achievement for a boy whose mother had once said “I don’t know what I shall do with my awkward son Arthur”

Battle of

Scotland Forever! A painting capturing the famous cavalry charge at Waterloo

June 18th 2015 is the bicentenary of the Battle of Waterloo. Fought near

the village of Waterloo in present day Belgium, this bloody battle brought to a close more than 25 years of

conflict throughout Europe, ushering in a half-century of European peace

that in turn established Britain as the world’s dominant economic power.

The French Revolution of 1789 had spread panic throughout Europe’s established order and from the ensuing turmoil one of history’s most enduring and charismatic leaders, Napoleon Bonaparte, rose to power. Napoleon fought a series of major campaigns in Europe as well as planning an invasion of Britain. Despite many great victories - the battles of Marengo, Austerlitz, Friedland & Wagram - and extending the French sphere of influence over much of Europe, he suffered a series of setbacks: a disastrous invasion of Russia followed by the retreat from Moscow in the winter of 1812, losing the Peninsular War of 1807-14 and finally defeat at the Battle of Leipzig in 1813. His initial reign ended with exile to the Mediterranean island of Elba.

By early 1815 Napoleon had escaped and returned to mainland France and started his second reign, known as the ‘Hundred Days’. Immediately declaring him an outlaw, an Allied coalition of Great Britain, Russia, Austria and Prussia resolved to confront him. Napoleon marched north from Paris in an attempt to knock out the coalition forces before they could mobilise. He attempted to drive a wedge between the oncoming British under Wellington and Prussians under von Blücher, defeating the Prussians on June 16th at the Battle of Ligny and engaging the British at Quatre-Bras. Wellington withdrew his forces north to a defensive position of his own choosing on a low ridge eleven miles south of Brussels, whilst the mauled Prussians managed to withdraw eight miles to the east. By nightfall the French had arrived to confront Wellington, both armies seeking shelter from the torrential rain. The French numbered 69,000 including 40,000 infantry, 14,000 cavalry and 7,000 artillery with 250 guns. Importantly, most were veterans from many of Napoleon’s earlier campaigns. The Allied army numbered 67,000 with 50,000 infantry, 11,000 cavalry and 6,000 artillery soldiers with only 150 guns. Only 25,000


Waterloo

of the Royal Scots Greys Cavalry Regiment By Lady Elizabeth Butler

were actually British, the remainder a mixture of Dutch, Belgians and Germans, with very few veterans. The Prussians had a further 48,000 men. As Sunday 18th June dawned Napoleon, although brimming with confidence about the forthcoming battle, decided to delay due to the sodden ground, eventually launching his attack around mid-morning. The battle lasted all day with the advantage swinging to and fro between the French and Allies, whilst death and destruction reigned. Both armies slogged it out with unwavering artillery fire, mass infantry attacks and cavalry charges, gradually eroding each other’s strength. By midafternoon the Prussians managed to reach the battlefield, link-up with the British and attack Napoleon’s exposed right flank, effectively giving advantage to the Allies. At some point in the early evening, after his ‘Old Guard’ failed in their late attack, Napoleon fled the battlefield, shortly followed by the remnants of his routed army. He arrived in Paris to raise new forces, but gained little support, eventually surrendering to the British. He was then exiled to the distant island of St Helena.

Casualties at Waterloo were shockingly high on both sides: Wellington lost 15,000 and Blücher 7,000 dead or wounded, whilst the French lost 25,000 with over 8,000 taken prisoner. A combination of factors delivered the narrow victory for the Allies. Foremost was the unimpeded and timely arrival of Blücher’s Prussians, but the British infantry’s ability to withstand and counter endless French attacks during the day was key. Wellington’s leadership skills, tactical nous and selection of ground for this defensive battle was also a major contribution. Despite this Wellington later commented that Waterloo was “the nearest-run thing you ever saw in your life.” For Napoleon, Waterloo was a battle with many uncharacteristic mistakes. He appeared over-confident about his chances and was dismissive about the Prussian threat. Unusually, he did not play his normal leadership role in the battle (due to ill-health it is believed) and he has been criticised for poor selection of key commanders, many of whom failed to achieve their objectives. Napoleon’s delay in starting the battle was also blamed as a contributory factor for defeat.

18th June 1815

Napoleon Bonaparte

NAPOLEON

was born into a family of noble Italian ancestry on Corsica on 15th August 1769. He was well educated eventually attending the military academy in Paris. He rose to prominence through the French Revolutionary era, leading successful campaigns against enemies of the revolution, most notably in Italy. With this success came promotion and an irresistible urge to participate further in politics. With post-revolutionary France in turmoil he saw an opportunity to seize power as First Consul in 1799. In 1804 he restarted the hereditary monarchy in France, crowning himself Emperor I and shortly later also as King of Italy. Napoleon led France through many wars, both aggressively expanding France’s empire and defending against the shifting alliances and coalitions dominating Europe at that time. Whilst ultimately responsible for France’s loss of status by 1815, as well as the deaths of many citizens, he is largely considered a genius in the operational art of war and is ranked in history as a great military commander. He was also responsible for establishing the Napoleonic Code, the first modern legal code that has influenced the law of many countries to this day. He died in exile on St Helena on 5th May 1821 but was buried in Paris in 1840.


UK & Ireland

122


Limoges

4808

Berne

SWITZ.

LIECH.

Ljubljana

SLOVENIA

AUSTRIA Pécs

Arad

HUNGARY

Homyel

BELARUS

Orsha

Vitebsk

Pskov

Kiev ne

pr

Sumy

l ga

Donetsk Sea of Azov

Penza

a Ok

50ºN

Krasnodar Stavropol

Rostov-on-Don

Volgograd

Do n

na

60ºN

Tambov Voronezh

Tula

Khar’kov

Kursk

Orel

Kherson Mariupol

Odessa

MOLDOVA Iasi Chisinau

Krivoy Rog

Vologda

Sev . D vi

Nizhniy Yaroslavl Ivanovo Novgorod

Dnepropetrovsk

Bryansk

Moscow

Smolenk

Onega L.

Arkhangel’sk Severodvinsk

R U S S IV o A

Rzhev

U K R A I ND E

Zhitomir

ROMANIA

Car Miskolo pathians

Budapest

Bratislava

Lvov

Brest

Minsk

Vilnius

LITHUANIA

LATVIA

Riga

2015

G. of Riga

Novgorod

St. Petersburg

Ladoga L.

Petrozavodsk

Karelia

White Sea

Astrakhan

Engels

Saratov

Syzran

Ulyanovsk

Sa

Tolyat

Kazan

Yoshkar Ola

Kirov (Vyatk

Syktyvkar

Alicante

Balearic Is.

Fès Oujda

s

2326

Djelfa Biskra Touggourt

e d

i

Tunis

t

10ºE

Sfax

r

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n e a

n

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40ºE Damascus

SYRIA

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5123

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Eu ph rat

Malatya Gaziantep Latakia Nicosia CYPRUS LEBANON Homs

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Qo Bakhtaran (Kerm

u r Tehran

Ardabil L. Urmia E Rasht

Tabriz

a

Tripoli

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Aegean Sea Iráklion

Athens

GRE E CE

Peloponnese

20ºE

Corfu

Ionian Sea Patras Réggio

di Calabria Sicily

Messina

Vallettar MALTA

e

Sea

Palermo

T UNISIA

Constantine

M

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MOROCCO

AL GERIA

Algiers M álaga Gibraltar (U.K.) Tangier Melilla (Sp.) Oran

.N Sre 3482

Cordoba evada

Toledo

SP AIN

T

Seville Cadiz

T

S

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la

Dijon

Linz

Brno

Vienna

CZECH REP.

Lublin Krak ów

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Poznan

Tampere Helsinki l a nd f of Fi n G ul Tallinn Peipus L. ESTONIA

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Milan Galati Zagreb Lyon l Simferopo Belgrade Bordeaux Venice Rijeka BOSNIA Bucharest Craiova Elbrus Novorossiysk Avignon Turin CROATIA Genoa SERBIA San C a u 5642 Sarajevo Constanîa Grozny SAN ube ca sus Marseille Nice MONACO Bilbao Sebastián Sochi Pristina D an MARINO Split & HERZ. B lac k Sea Mt Pisa Florence Gijón Py MONTE- KOSOVO s. BULGARIA Varna Sukhumi A r e n e eANDORRA Adriatic NEGRO s Makhachkala GEORGIA Corsica Batumi Sea Sofia Valladolid Skopje F.Y.R. Zaragoza Barcelona Samsun Rome L Tirana Istanbul D our o Bari MACEDONIA ont i ne M Tbilisi P t s. ALBANIA Baku Y ARMENIA Thessaloniki Naples Taranto Yerevan Sardinia Madrid AZERBAIJAN Sivas Erzurum Ararat Bursa Ankara Tyrrhenian Valencia Cagliari a gus

Bay of Biscay

L

Munich

Stuttgart

Klaipeda

ic

POLAND

Prague

Dresden

B

t al

Gotland

Oulu

FINLAND

nia th Bo

Luleå

Stockholm

Västerås

Åland

Sundsvall

20ºE

Kaliningrad RUSSIA Gdansk

Copenhagen Rostock

GERMANY

Bonn Frankfurt Nuremberg

Paris Strasbourg

F R A N CEGeneva

Nantes

oi r e

Sei ne

Cologne

BELGIUM Reims LUX.

Brussels

Vanern Norrköping Gothenburg

Berlin

E l be

d Östersun

Bodø

a Europe C

a n p i

Rabat Casablanca

40ºN Lisbon

a Coimbr

Oporto

Le Havre

Le Mans

La Rochelle

Brest Lorient

E n gl i s h

el C ha nn

Amsterdam

Bremen

Kiel

DENMARK

Esbjerg

S

Hamburg

NETHERLANDS

The Hague

Birmingham London

Leeds Manchester

Southampton

Cardiff

Liverpool

Nor t h Sea

Oslo

ak er r kag

Kristiansand

Stavanger

Bergen

own currency

Trondheim

s Åndalsne

I

La Coruña Vigo

50ºN

Edinburgh

Aberdeen

Orkney Is.

Candidate country

UNITED Newcastle Belfast KINGDOM

Plymouth

REPUBLIC Limerick OF IRELAND Cork

Dublin

Eurozone

EU Member States

© Oxford Cartographers E&OE 97836

Shetland Is.

s Invernes Dundee

Glasgow

y Londonderr

Outer Hebrides

Croatian kuna

Bulgarian lev

Polish złoty

Romanian leu

Faroe Is. (Denmark)

Tórshavn Hungarian forint

Czech koruna

Danish/Swedish krone

Y

A

Pound sterling

10ºE

R

O

N

E D

S W

N E

Euro

PO R T U G A L

S

W R hin e

Gu lf o f ea

Sea

s

o

s

ris

s

123


World

124


Subject

Details

Due in

Done

Homework +

Date

Homework +

125


Homework +

Date

126

Homework + Subject

Details

Due in

Done


Notes

Notes

127


Notes

Notes

128


online design system for students the icing on the cake

Hoodies Yearbooks Magazines www.merrang.co.uk www.merrang.co.uk

from

from


education

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