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Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 - 12

MBIARCH PROGRAM

PORTFOLIO GLENN HAJADI


ARTIFICIALITY ar·ti·fi·cial

adj \ˌärt-ə-ˈfish-əl\

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

ARTIFICIAL

01. COMPOSTSCAPE

LANDFORM / PRODUCTION

PRODUCTIVE LANDSCAPE PROGRAM

CYCLE / REVENUE

SHORT THESIS

FORCES / PHYSICS

BADALONA OLYMPIC STADIUM

TENSION / DISTANCE

LONG SPAN STRUCTURE

COMPRESSION / HEIGHT

HIGH RISE STRUCTURE

TENSION / MOVEMENT

DIGITAL CULTURE

LIGHT / PRESSURE

SPECTRAL PROCESS

ENERGY / AIR

THERMODYNAMIC SOMATISM

02. WASTE IN FLUX 03. RE-COVER 04.1 TRANSMITTED FLAT TRUSS 04.2 TWO-FACE TOWER 05. TRIANGLE TENSION TENT 06. CLIMATIC OFFICE 07. VERTICALSCAPES II

NATURAL

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US.202 _ URBAN & TERRITORIAL DESIGN _ FALL SEMESTER _ PAGE 07 CC.104 _ INDEPENDENT RESEARCH _ SPRING SEMESTER _ PAGE 17 BT.103 _ THE BUILDING STRUCTURE _ FALL SEMESTER _ PAGE

25

BT.203 _ LARGE STRUCTURE TYPOLOGY _ FALL SEMESTER _ PAGE 33

DM.102 _ DIGITAL MEDIA _ FALL SEMESTER _ PAGE 39 AD 203 _ SHORT DESIGN STUDIO _ FALL SEMESTER _ PAGE 55 AD.103 _ CORE DESIGN STUDIO _ SPRING SEMESTER _ PAGE 67

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ARTIFICIAL LANDFORM / PRODUCTION CYCLE / REVENUE FORCES / PHYSICS TENSION / DISTANCE COMPRESSION / HEIGHT TENSION / MOVEMENT LIGHT / PRESSURE ENERGY / AIR NATURAL

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ARTIFICIALITY ar·ti·fi·cial

adj \ˌärt-ə-ˈfish-əl\

Meriam-Webster definition: 1. humanly contrived often on a natural model <an artificial limb> 2. based on differential morphological characters not necessarily indicative of natural relationships <an artificial key for identification of a group of organisms> In an attempt to follow a particular lineage in the diverse trajectories given by the Barcelona Institute of Architecture in the year 2011 - 2012, one has been a supporter of the more technological leaning path. On the process of organizing these projects I have detected a certain degree of gradation between the artificial and the natural. As an analogy, which is more natural, an artificial limb or a crutch? The crutch, even a rudimentary one, is more natural than an artificial limb. The artificial limb tries to mimic natural limb in its appearance also connected to the part of the leg that is missing trying to replace what was there previously, whereas a crutch is honest in its appearance and its method of use of using its form and structural strength to assist people with difficulty to walk. 7 projects (including one two-fold projects in large structure typology seminar) are organized in different degree from the most artificial to the least, nearing naturality. Starting from Compostscape (Productive Landscape Program) where the focus is to put a productive layer to a golf course. A golf course is the most artificial form of landscape, it is design to mimic a natural landscape but ecologically completely unnatural due to its usage of organisms that are completely foreign to its context and not in anyway contributing to its environment, not to mention the inefficient use of water to irrigate it. Ended with Verticalscapes II (Core Design Studio) where the focus is using air and the movement of air as the main building material. Though the strategy uses many contemporary technology in its passive and active system, but these are merely an infrastructure supporting age old natural system of thermodynamic heat transfer through radiation, conduction, and convection.

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ARTIFICIAL LANDFORM / PRODUCTION

NATURAL

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FALL SEMESTER _ US 202 _ URBAN & TERRITORIAL DESIGN

PRODUCTIVE LANDSCAPE PROGRAM

COMPOSTSCAPE SITGES, CATALONIA

Instructor(s): Maria Buhigas, Marc Montlleo, Anna Viader, Andres Flajszer

Team: Glenn Hajadi, Beaux Tyler Durnham, Tim Brennan

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PRODUCTIVE LANDSCAPE PROGRAM Riera de Ribes is a water system crucial to the daily cycles of 3 towns: Sitges, Vilanova delâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;i Geltru, and Sant Pere de Ribes. Despite this crucial role, water only runs through 2 months/year. The area in-between the 3 towns is scarcely irrigated, the soil is dry as well as salinated due to its proximity to the Mediterranean Sea. Sitges is a main tourist area just within 1 hour of Metropolitan Barcelona, interconnected through highway C-32 and the Renfe train line. Along the western edge of Sitges sits Terramar Golf Course, a main tourist attraction due to surrounding natural view and temperate climate allowing its patrons to play year round. This particular golf course at this particular site poses a few issues and intriguing attributes in relation to the greater site of the Riera de Ribes Delta: 01. Water needed for maintaining the required green space is scarce and requires a significant investment to provide it. 02. Vegetations that are being used is not native of the area, though not intrusive, they are not contributing to the ecosystem. 03. Socially, a golf course is seen as an elitist establishment and a gated environment for a specific social strata. 04. In traditional golf course design there is a large percentage of wasted space which require water and man power for operational purposes. 05. Train rail cutting through the site provides good opportunity in terms of creating a visual impact to enhance the Sitges brand as a tourist hot spot. 06. Agricultural industry in the area in-between the 3 towns is producing a large amount of biowaste. 07. Agencie de Residues de Catalunya on its 2005 - 2012 plan includes the plan to add another composting plant in addition to the one existing composting and waste-sorting plant to increase capacity of processing and producing compost, which can reduce water dependency on the surrounding vegetation. INTERVENTION Considering these issues, we find potential in placing a layer of productive landscape on top of an existing layer of golf course. While still keeping the golf course active, we propose to reconstruct the unused passive spaces of the field as a compost producing landscape. Beside reducing area to maintain and water needed to irrigate the course, extra income, and visual impact of the new landscape brings a new image of sitges and the surrounding area.

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1

2

Santa Susanna

Cabril

Jorba

5

St. Cugat dell Valles

3

ALT. PENENDES + GARRAF

+1 1

COMPOSTING PLANT

Torelles

4

BCN

RBS

25

COMPOSTING PLANT

213,000 TONs BIOWASTE INTAKE/YEAR 1,250,000 TONs BIOWASTE PRODUCED/YEAR <20% OF TOTAL GENERATED BIOWASTE BIOWASTE 36%

Casteldellfels

MULTI-WASTE SORTING PLANT

CATALUNYA COMPOST

6

OF TOTAL GENERATED HOUSEHOLD WASTE

COMPOST PRODUCTION

BARCELONA _ SORROUNDING NETWORK

SANT PERE DE RIBES

Population:

28,000

C-32

SITGES

VILANOVA I’LA GELTRU C-31

Population:

66,000

Population:

SITE

30,000

AREA SITUATION PLAN

SITGES _ SANT PERE DE RIBES _ VILANOVA I’LA GELTRU

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M2

TM

TOURISM C

COMPOSTSCAPE

TRANSPORT

â&#x201A;Ź

AGRO

PRODUCTION CYCLE

TERRAMAR GOLF COURSE + COMPOSTSCAPE

The integration of Compostcape within the unused spaces of the Terramar Golf Course creates a cycle of activities that introduce an added value to an existing passive landscape system. Compostscape works in synergy with the existing events of labor and leisure, while also introducing a secondary cycle of compost collection. This interchange of labor, resources, and profit is an example of productive land in a controlled and bounded environment with a possibility of re-defining the proto-typical golf course of the future.

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EXISTING TRANSPORT LINES

3.5%

30%

1.5%

10%

GOLF COURSE

WATER

VEGETATION

2%

5%

INFRASTRUCTURE

VEHICULAR PATHS

4%

44%

COMPOSTSCAPES

NATIVE LANDSCAPE

LAND-USE PERCENTAGE

BARCELONA _ SORROUNDING NETWORK

2.50

3.00,4.00, 6.00

2.50

WASTE

mixed material

COMPOST

odor of raw material from escaping 2.50

HIPS

3.00, 4.00, 6.00

2.50

eds walkable surface

woodchip w/ perforated pipe)

4

NEGATIVE PRESSURE

3

2 1

8

AP

2.50

ir twice a day from mound to decrease position time

7 6

4

s any moisture created from system to t it from entering the water table

5

8

3

.50

nts compost from clogging aerator

y wall with waterproof rubber membrane

p from excavated earth

1. Raw organic waste 5. Blower 2. 30cm of cured compost 6. Condensate trap 3. 20cm of woodchips 7. Retaining wall 4. Porous base (woodchip 8. Grass mound w/perforated pipe)

COMPOST MOUND DETAIL SCALE TO FIT

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2 m WIDE GOLF CART PATH

4 m WIDE CART + PRODUCTION PATH HOLE 9 PUTTING GREEN EXISTING ACCESS ROAD FOR MAINTENANCE

TYPICAL 3 m COMPOST M RAILINE 40 KM TO BARCELONA

TYPICAL 6 m DIAMETER COMPOST MOUND

SECTION PERSPECTIVE

BARCELONA _ SORROUNDING NETWORK

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2 m WIDE GOLF CART PATH

m DIAMETER MOUND

HOLE 16 FAIRWAY

HOLE 17 TEE BOX TYPICAL 4 m DIAMETER COMPOST M OUND

WATER STORAGE FOR IRRIGATION EXISTING TREES RE-PLANTED FOR WIND BREAKS NATIVE SOIL & PLANT SPECIES HIGH QUALITY COMPOST MAINTAINED TURF FOR GOLF ACTIVITY

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E2

A

C

MEDI SITE PLAN

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LEGEND FAIRWAY GREEN EXISTING VEGETATION WATER (RESERVOIR / CHANNELS) EXISTING STRUCTURES COMPOST MOUNDS MACHINE PATHS TRAIN TRACK (RENFE) SITE BOUNDARY

SITGES

P PARKING AREA C CLUBHOUSE TERRAMAR AREA

E1

A POST-PROCESSING PLANT

P

R RIERA DE RIBES / RIBES RIVER E1

ENTRANCE (CLUBHOUSE)

E2

ENTRANCE (PLANT)

R

N 0

50

150

300

ITERANEAN SEA

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ARTIFICIAL

CYCLE / REVENUE

NATURAL

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SPRING SEMESTER _ CC 104_ CROSS CULICULLAR STUDIES

INDEPENDENT RESEARCH

WASTE IN FLUX JAKARTA, INDONESIA

Instructor:

Cecilia Obiol, Alexandr Ivancic

“Homo Sapiens are the only species that create what may be truly considered waste” 1

1 Brownell, Blaine. “Material Ecologies in Architecture.”Design Ecologies: Essays on the Nature of Design, 229 Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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WASTE IN FLUX This research is threading a very thin line of utopian optimism and real-world solutions. Forming a case study based in Jakarta, Indonesia, the proposal forms a conceptual response to the identified issue of waste transporting. It is a proposal aimed at reinforcing the existing waste transportation system that will increase the mobility of waste. Using existing Transjakarta bus network to ease the burden of an inefficient truck delivery system will require minimum capital that can be acquired from the municipality or local businesses. The intervention will require minor changes to the existing bus stop structure with very simple addition and alteration. A few dedicated â&#x20AC;&#x153;trash-busâ&#x20AC;? will be deployed with the same specification of the existing passenger bus with a few minor changes to the bus interiors. Both the bus stop and the trash bus also act as visual intervention that reminds the people in the city how much of their daily trash is piling and make sure it stays in the public consciousness. Recognizing that the current method of waste scavenging by bin-men are highly dangerous and unhealthy. First step to address this issue is by reducing the distances between the collection and depositing trash, and secondly creating a schedule that works with different types of waste and also the climatic conditions on site. By involving local urban poor community, it will give the already productive and proud system a more recognizable civic pride by adding value to their day to day activities. Without which, the city will be paralysed. Centralizing the waste productive processes allows a more sustainable longevity.

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JAVA SEA

5

2

1

4

CITIES OF DKI JAKARTA 1

Central Jakarta (48 km2)

2

West Jakarta (129 km2)

3

South Jakarta (141 km2)

4

East Jakarta (188 km2)

5

3

North Jakarta (146 km2)

n 0

10 km

JAKARTA

BIArch 2011 - 12

GLENN HAJADI

5 DISTRICTS INDEPENDENT RESEARCH

WASTE IN FLUX

JAVA SEA

SUNTER TEMPORARY DISPOSAL SITE

JAKARTA WASTE GENERATED (2011)

1,000 tons / day

6,250 tons / day WASTE TRANSPORTED FROM TEMPORARY STATION > FINAL DISPOSAL SITE

5,300 tons / day SERVICE PROPORTION LOCAL COMMUNITY : MUNICIPALITY GOVERNMENT

CAKUNG COMPOSTING CENTER

,7

25

300 tons / day compost capacity 400 tons / day disposal capacity

km

12% : 88%

19

km

WASTE DROP OFF STATIONS FOR 9 MILLION INHABITANTS

1200 UNITS

1 WASTE DISPOSAL PER 7,500 RESIDENTS

ONLY

6,5%

BANTAR GEBANG FINAL DISPOSAL SITE

4,500 tons / day

OF TOTAL WASTE IS RECYCLED DAILY

COMPOSTING UNIT CAPACITY

15O tons / day

EXISTING WASTE INFRASTRUCTURE INDEPENDENT RESEARCH BIArch 2011 - 12

GLENN HAJADI

WASTE IN FLUX

PRODUCTION OF WASTE

JAVA SEA

c.05

c.01 c.03

c.02

SUNTER TEMPORARY DISPOSAL SITE

c.04

Corridor 01 _ 20 stops _ 12,50 km

22

c.07

Corridor 02 _ 20 stops _ 15,30 km Corridor 03 _ 16 stops _ 14,30 km

c.06

Corridor 04 _ 17 stops _ 9,90 km

km

c.08

Corridor 05 _ 16 stops _ 11,50 km

BANTAR GEBANG FINAL DISPOSAL SITE

Corridor 06 _ 20 stops _ 13,10 km Corridor 07 _ 15 stops _ 24,71 km Corridor 08 _ 20 stops _ 11,32 km

TRANSJAKARTA BUS NETWORK BIArch 2011 - 12 INDEPENDENT RESEARCH 144 TOTAL STOPS

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

GLENN HAJADI

WASTE IN FLUX

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NODE ACTIVATION 1ST PHASE

NODE ACTIVATION FINAL PHASE

ACTIVATION OF 20 EXISTING BUSWAY NODES.

ACTIVATION OF 144 EXISTING BUSWAY NODES.

NODE MODULE COVER 10 KM2

NODE MODULE COVER 19,6 KM2

URBAN POOR MODULE COVER 36,2 KM2

URBAN POOR MODULE COVER 74,4 KM2

OF RESIDENTIAL AREA.

OF RESIDENTIAL AREA.

OF SORROUNDING URBAN POOR NEIGHBORHOOD

OF SORROUNDING URBAN POOR NEIGHBORHOOD

SUNTER TEMPORARY DISPOSAL SITE

SUNTER TEMPORARY DISPOSAL SITE

EX IST

IN

G

BU

SW AY

LIN

E

CASE STUDY: KAMPUNG MELAYU NODE

400m

EXISTING BUSWAY STATION

r = 400m

URBAN POOR MODULE > SLUM AREAS

NODE MODULE > RESIDENTIAL AREA

BIArch - 12 ACTIVATION BUS2011 NODES INDEPENDENT RESEARCH NODE MODULE _ URBAN POOR MODULE _ PHASING

GLENN HAJADI

WASTE IN FLUX

27.650 M2 12.000 M2

41

25 22

18

45 25

25

41 + 25 + 45 + 18 + 25 + 22 + 25 + 57 + 19 + 68 + 46 + 42 + 62 =

495 HOUSEHOLDS

COVER

0,3 KM2 OF RESIDENTIAL AREA

COVER

0,05 KM2 OF URBAN POOR COMMUNITY

COVER

0,04 KM2 OF CILIWUNG RIVER SURFACE

2

M 50

1 TRANSJAKARTA NODE

57

.9 35

TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS COVERAGE

19

42

27.650 M2

68

KAMPUNG MELAYU CASE STUDY

NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS _ URBAN POOR COMMUNITY COVERAGE

20

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VENTILATION

WASTE DEPOSITORY METAL PULLEY DOOR LIGHT STEEL DECKING

I-BEAM STEEL COLUMNS

HOLLOW STEEL RAILING LIGHT STEEL RAMP

EXISTING WAITING AREA

PASSENGER’S ENTRANCE

TRASH DELIVERY ENTRACE

DEDICATED BUS LANE

INTERVENTION

BUS STOP MINOR ALTERATION

TRASH-BUS UNIT VISUAL INTERVENTION

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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PAPER WASTE COLLECTION

13%

OF TOTAL WASTE

>>

19,3 M3

HOUSEHOLD SINGLE + MULTIFAMILY DWELLINGS

8

PLASTIC WASTE COLLECTION

48%

11%

OF TOTAL WASTE

OF TOTAL WASTE

3,172 TONS

>>

B

16 M3

OF WEIGHT

14,848 M3

TR S

OF VOLUME

ORGANIC WASTE COLLECTION

65%

OF TOTAL WASTE

0,3 M3

VOLUME OF WASTE PER HOUSEHOLD PER DAY

X

96,5 M3

495 = 148,5 M3 (01) COLLECTION

COMMUNITY SCALE SOCIO-ECONOMIC LOOP ADDING VALUE TO URBAN POOR PRODUCTIVITY

22

>>

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(02) DELIVERY

(80% OF WASTE COLLEC


80%

BUSWAY NODE

URBAN POOR COMMUNITY

20% SELL SORTING PRODUCT RECYCLING SELL SORTING BIOGAS

C

RANSFER STATION

CTED)

EXISTING CHP ENGINES CONVERTION TO ELECTRICITY

UNDERGROUND BIODIGESTER

COMPOST

ENERGY

AGRICULTURE

(03) PROCESS

(20% OF WASTE COLLECTED)

(04) REVENUE

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ARTIFICIAL

FORCES / PHYSICS

NATURAL

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FALL SEMESTER _ BT 103 _ ENERGY & BUILDING TECH.

THE BUILDING STRUCTURE

RE-COVER

BADALONA OLYMPIC STADIUM

Instructor(s): Agusti Obiol

Team: Glenn Hajadi, Tim Brennan

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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STRUCTURAL SCHEME Re-imagining the roof system at the Badalona Olympic Stadium attempts to retain the logic of the original structural system by spanning primary structural elements across the short section of the ring. A 3-dimensional truss system is proposed in the second scheme to reduce the dimension of structural members and reach a more efficient organization.

EXISTING ROOF

BADALONA OLYMPIC STADIUM

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b.1

c.1

existing structural scheme in the short section

existing structural scheme in long section

b.2

c.2

b.3

c.3

reduced material in main structure by creating a 3D structural truss that formed an arch on the short direction

triangular truss reduces the size of the structure & enables natural daylighting to transmit through one open side

b.4

c.4

existing scheme ďŹ&#x201A;ipped--reversing the relationship between tension & compression

tension components that counteract horizontal forces produced by the arc form

retaining an open--closed element for the roof structure

by arc-ing in the structure in the long direction, we followed the logic of the oval geometry, where the center is the longest span, and decreasing as it moves to the end

STRUCTURAL DIAGRAM BASIC SCHEMES

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uniform load

compression

tension

bending 1

uniform load

2

6 3

4 5

2

Short Section A-A 1 7 8 9

Longitudinal Section B-B

LEGEND

1. Uniform load 2. Main truss beam (bending moment beam) 3. Steel cable tie to prevent shear 4. Main compression point of truss 5. Bending moment on edge 6. Steel cable tendons for stiďŹ&#x20AC;ness and structure for catwalk and M/E corridors

7. Roof load on the bottom of truss 8. Simple ďŹ nk truss to counter the roof load 9. Post-tension reinforced concrete base with neoprene layer overlapping with steel plate.

LOADING DIAGRAM BASIC FORCES

skylight scheme

structural relationship primary & secondary

counteracting forces series of trusses perimeter bracing base condition

connection detail

EXPLODED AXONOMETRY BASIC FORCES

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116 m 14.5 m

14.5 m

14.5 m

14.5 m

14.5 m

14.5 m

14.5 m

10.8 m 4.8 m 9.8 m

10.5 m

10.6 m

10.8 m

93 m

10.6 m

10.5 m

9.8 m

4.8 m

14.5 m

N

ROOF PLAN SCALE TO FIT

116 m 14.5 m

14.5 m

14.5 m

14.5 m

14.5 m

14.5 m

14.5 m

10.8 m

N

4.8 m 9.8 m

10.5 m

10.6 m

10.8 m

93 m

10.6 m

10.5 m

9.8 m

4.8 m

14.5 m

ROOF FRAMING PLAN SCALE TO FIT

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6.7 m 6

1.1

1

m 6.4

6.4 m

14.5 m

m 6.2

LEGEND 1. Steel truss as a main bending moment structure 1.1. Hollow steel dia. 60 cm 1.2. Hollow steel dia. 30 cm 2. Metal deck roofing 20 cm thickness 3. Gutter for water runoff 4. Hollow rectangular steel 40 cm x 20 cm 5. Fink truss as secondary structure with hollow tube steel and steel tendons. 6. Clear laminated glass 10 cm thick 7. Steel cable as catwalk structure and stiffness structural agent 8. Catwalk with cable bracing

2

3

5

1.2

4

5.8 m

6m 7

Roof DETAIL scale 1:200

8

ROOF DETAIL

SCALE TO FIT

93 m 4.8 m

9.8 m

10.5 m

10.6 m

10.8 m

10.8 m

10.6 m

10.5 m

9.8 m

4.8 m

17 m Roof Level

16 m

5m

21.00 m

10.6 m

6.4 m

38.00 m Top of Roof

0.00 m Ground Level

Short SECTION scale 1:500

TRANSVERSAL SECTION

SCALE TO FIT

116 m 14.5 m

14.5 m

38.00 m Top of Roof

14.5 m

14.5 m

14.5 m

17 m

10.6 m

6.4 m

roof detail

16 m

5m

21.00 m Roof Level

0.00 m Ground Level

Longitudinal SECTION scale 1:500

LONGITUDINAL SECTION

SCALE TO FIT

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14.5 m

14.5 m

14.5 m


Clear laminated glass Metal deck rooďŹ ng

Perimeter X-bracing

Hollow rectangular steel Fink truss

Steel cable Catwalk with cable bracing 3D steel truss Catwalk with cable bracing Concrete ring

EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC

OVERALL ROOF STRUCTURAL SCHEME

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ARTIFICIAL

TENSION / DISTANCE

NATURAL

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FALL SEMESTER _ BT 203 _ ENERGY & BUILDING TECH.

LARGE STRUCTURAL TYPOLOGY

TRANSMITTED FLAT TRUSS LONG SPAN STRUCTURE

Instructor(s): Agusti Obiol, Guillem Baraut, Alicia Huguet

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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STRUCTURAL SCHEME Roof structure is a transmitted flat truss system which has a 90 meter span. It has a slightly arched form to make it more rigid for a bending moment. Cantilevered roof structure apply bending counterpoint to the horizontal forces. V-shaped columns bring the compressive forces down to the earth. Small steel strings/tendons applied on top of the V-shaped columns to brace the 2 neighbouring trusses, creating stiffness and also to prevent buckling. These tendons also located in 7 points of connection in the center of the long-span truss to brace the long direction. To keep the space clear of vertical columns on the interior, 2 mezzanines are hanged to the truss on the curving face and attached to the bearing reinforced concrete wall on the other.

ROOF BASIC FORM OF WORK (in hierarchycal order): A. Transmitted flat truss slightly arching to introduce compression (compression + bending moment beam) B. V-shaped column to transmit forces down to the ground (compression) C. Cantilevered truss members introducing bending moment (bending moment) D. Steel tendons in tension to prevent buckling (tension) E. Metal and glass roofing panel as dead load (uniform load) F. Steel sling as hanger for mezzanine floor (tension)

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8

7 6

4

1 3

2

5 5 7 6

4

1

3

10 11 9 2

EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC MODULE

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6&7

Roof Panels

1

Roof Structure

13 14 12

13 11

LEGEND

2

1. Transmitted flat-triangular arching truss 2. V-shaped columns 3. Bending moment connection 4. Cantilevered roof structure 5. Steel tendon as bracing 6. Metal panel roofing 7. Glass panel roofing 8. Roof uniform load 9. Edge truss with straight lower cross member 10. Edge Roof cover (Metal & Glass) 11. Load-bearing wall structure (RC wall) 12. Masonry wall (non load bearing) 13. Steel framing with corrugated decking reinforced poured concrete floor 14. Steel sling hanger

EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC OVERALL STRUCTURAL SCHEME

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Wall & Flooring Vertical Structure


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10.000

10.000

SCALE TO FIT

LONGITUDINAL SECTION

SCALE TO FIT

TRANSVERSAL SECTION

LOADING

10.000

10.000

10.000

90.000

10.000

10.000

10.000 150.000

10.000

10.000

MOMENT

10.000

10.000

0m

5m

9m

15 m

17 m

10.000

10.000

10.000

0m

5m

9m

15 m

17 m


ARTIFICIAL

COMPRESSION / HEIGHT

NATURAL

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FALL SEMESTER _ BT 203 _ ENERGY & BUILDING TECH.

LARGE STRUCTURAL TYPOLOGY

TWO FACE TOWER HIGH-RISE STRUCTURE

Instructor(s): Agusti Obiol, Guillem Baraut, Alicia Huguet Team: Glenn Hajadi, Nour Saccal

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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STRUCTURAL SCHEME 70 story tower using the tube in tube structure typology with 2 differing framing system on the outer tube. The outer tube is constructed with rectangular hollow section steel columns. Due to its slender form (30 x 50 m) which is less than the safe coefficient base to height rule of thumb of 1:10, the shorter side need to have thicker structural cross section area than the longer one. This shorter side also forming a triangular mesh frame to increase stiffness. The longer side of the outer tube comprised of vertical columns and diagonal column running the entire height of the building. Vertical columns on this longer side decrease in size and quantity as it goes up due to less vertical load needed to be handled. Reinforced concrete core located at the center of gravity. It is active in taking half of the vertical load of the building and also lateral load from both x and y direction. Concrete floor slab also have an active role in taking the lateral horizontal load from one part of the outer tube. B D 30 m

A C

50 m

35TH FLOOR PLAN 35TH FLOORPLAN

B D 30 m

A C

5TH FLOOR PLAN

50 m

5TH FLOORPLAN

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A

C

B D

C.1

B.1

B.2

C.2

B.3 LEGEND

A Reinforced concrete core B Longer outer tube facade frame EXPLODED AXONOMETRY B.1 Diagonal steel rectangular section column B.2 Vertical steel rectangular section columns B.3. Base V-shaped steel columns C Shorter outer tube facade steel mesh frame C.1 Diagonal steel rectangular section column C.2 Mesh triangular steel frame D Reinforced concrete slab floors FACE A

FACE B

EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC OVERALL STRUCTURAL SCHEME

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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30 m 315.00 m

Diagonal column steel hollow section in compression. 260.00 m

Corner column steel hollow section in compression.

Steel hollow section beam in bending on every 10th ďŹ&#x201A;oor. 180.00 m

Vertical columns decreasing in size and volume as it goes up in compression and bending (lateral forces)

Triangular mesh steel frame in compression and bending (lateral forces) 90.00 m

Lateral load being transferred to both core tube and external tube.

V-shaped hollow steel columns as base acting in compression. 0.00 m

SHORTER ELEVATION C ELEVATION A SCALE TO FIT

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FORCES

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50 m 315.00 m

260.00 m

180.00 m

90.00 m

0.00 m FORCES

LONGER ELEVATION B ELEVATION B SCALE TO FIT

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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ARTIFICIAL

TENSION / MOVEMENT

NATURAL

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FALL SEMESTER _ DM 102 _ DIGITAL MEDIA

DIGITAL CULTURE

TRIANGLE TENSION TENT BARCELONETA, BARCELONA

Instructor(s): Juanjo Gonzales Castellon

Team: Glenn Hajadi, Neha Gupta, Tim Brennan, Nour Saccal

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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TRIANGLE TENSION TENT Chiringuito is a typical canopy structure in the mediteranian landscape. Simple post and screen structure is imagined here with tensile fabric framed with catenary cables which attached to light posts on individual dining tables. This allows the configuration of the canopy is everchanging with the movement of the table. The flexibility of triangle/ tension system allows for the rearrangement and editing of space. This ability for change encourages the user to become an active participant in the dynamic creation of form.

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A.

B.

COMPONENT

The system is based on the logic of one form/shape-- the triangle with an applied force.

Change of scale

INTERNAL PARAMETER

The ability to alter the shape and the scale of the triangle is based on a push or pull force.

b a

b a

a

COMBINATION

Variations of in triangle combination create a solid-void relationship.

SEQUENCE

The component and and its neighbors are in a sequence of events, from the global to the local.

COMPONENT - COMPOSITION DIAGRAM INTERNAL PARAMETERS

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A. Tension module outline

B. Dispersion of component

D. Geometric expansion strategy

TENT COMPONENT EXPANSION STRATEGY

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C. Solid / void relationship due to sun exposure


A. Initial conďŹ guration of dynamic elements

B. Movement B. Movement of 2 dynamic of 2 dynamic elements elements inwardinward

C.C.Movement Movementofof2 2dynamic dynamic elements elementsoutward outward

D.D. Random Random movement movement ofof dynamic dynamic elements elements

MOVEMENTS

LIMITS AND POSSIBILITIES

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1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1

2

3

4 2.1

2.2

LEGEND 1. Triangular net system 1.1. Catenary cables 1.2. Steel ring connection 1.3. Stitched cables on fabric 1.4. Ring connection 1.5. Standard stainless steel clamps 2. Moveable tables 2.1. Tables with plastic posts 2.2. Table base with sea water deposit as weight 3. Static main compression structure 3.1. Wood post 4. Sand

EXPLODED AXONOMETRY STRUCTURE _ FABRIC

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3.1


PERSPECTIVE INTERIOR VIEW

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PERSPECTIVE EXTERIOR VIEW

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ARTIFICIAL

LIGHT / PRESSURE

NATURAL

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FALL SEMESTER _ AD 203 _ SHORT DESIGN STUDIO

SPECTRAL PROCESS

CLIMATIC OFFICE BARCELONA CLIMATE

Professor(s):

Phillipe Rahm, Renata Sentkiewicz

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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CLIMATIC OFFICE The program office is dissected into two phenomenological processes light and wind. Excluding other technological and workplace parameters, an architectural office is taken as a case study. Borrowing from migrating culture of the nomadic tribes and considering Barcelona as a climatic site where the weather condition is quite mild, the design envisioned two office in one, a summer office and a winter office. A series of programs are set in oval-shaped layers of different light conditions. These layers determined by lux requirements in relation to sun daily movement. An overhanging canopy cover the entire compound of which light and air can pass through. SUMMER OFFICE In summer months the office will be entirely outdoors. Freestanding furniture modules will act as â&#x20AC;&#x153;roomsâ&#x20AC;? where people hold their activities. A fabric screen of polyester mesh will act as a vapor barrier, reducing humidity as it rises in summer. Server pylons on the southeast will act as wind channels to direct summer wind coming from the south to ventilate. WINTER OFFICE In winter months users will move indoors on an enclosed space elevated on the second floor. Server pylons will release heat to warm the spaces above and use the cold winter wind as free cooling.

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10 HOUR OF SUNLIGHT 5 Hour Clear 5 Hour Overcast

11 HOUR OF SUNLIGHT 5 Hour Clear 6 Hour Overcast

12 HOUR OF SUNLIGHT 6 Hour Clear 6 Hour Overcast

13 HOUR OF SUNLIGHT 7 Hour Clear 6 Hour Overcast

15 HOUR OF SUNLIGHT 8 Hour Clear 7 Hour Overcast

10 HOUR OF SUNLIGHT 5 Hour Clear 5 Hour Overcast

10 HOUR OF SUNLIGHT 5 Hour Clear 5 Hour Overcast

11 HOUR OF SUNLIGHT 6 Hour Clear 5 Hour Overcast

12 HOUR OF SUNLIGHT 7 Hour Clear 5 Hour Overcast

14 HOUR OF SUNLIGHT 9 Hour Clear 5 Hour Overcast

15 HOUR OF SUNLIGHT 9 Hour Clear 6 Hour Overcast

15 HOUR OF SUNLIGHT 10 Hour Clear 5 Hour Overcast

SUN MONTHLY INSOLATION PATTERN BARCELONA

100,000 lux

LUMENS REQUIREMENT

25,000 lux

10,000 lux

1,000 lux

600 lux

300 lux

< 100 lux

Toilet

Server Room

Model ^ƚŽƌĂŐĞ &ŝůŝŶŐ

ŝƌĐƵůĂƟŽŶ

Lobby ZĞĐĞƉƟŽŶ

Principal

Open Studio

Printer WůŽƩĞƌ Copier

DĞĞƟŶŐ Room

Model DĂŬŝŶŐ

Cafe

LUMEN RANGE REQUIREMENT PROGRAMMATIC LAYERS

<50 Lux

<100 Lux

^ĞƌǀĞƌƌĞĂ

^ƚŽƌĂŐĞͬ&ŝůŝŶŐͬĂƚŚƌŽŽŵ

100 Lux

ZĞĐĞƉƟŽŶͬWƌŝŶƚĞƌΘWůŽƩĞƌ

300 Lux

DĞĞƟŶŐZŽŽŵͬWƌŝǀĂƚĞKĸĐĞ

600 Lux

^ƚƵĚŝŽͬDŽĚĞůtŽƌŬƐŚŽƉ

1000 Lux

ĂĨĞƚĞƌŝĂ

LUX LAYERS

PROGRAMMATIC POSITIONING

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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+ 3.00 m

1.1

+ 0.00 m

2.3 2.9

2.2 2.7

2.1 2.6

+ 4.00 m

2.5

LEGEND 1ST FLOORPLAN SUMMER DISPERTION 1.1 Meeting Area 1.2 Private Office 1.3 Studio Module 1.4 Bathroom 1.5 Model Making Workshop 1.6 Lobby 1.7 Cafeteria 1.8 Escalator access from below

N

2.8

2ND FLOORPLAN _ WINTER OFFICE SCALE TO FIT

2ND FLOORPLAN WINTER GROUPING + 0.15 m

2.1 Lobby / Reception 2.2 Printer / Plotter Area 2.3 Storage 2.4 Server Pylon 2.5 Meeting Area 2.6 Open Studio 2.7 Private Office 2.8 Cafeteria 2.9 Bathroom

1.7 + 0.15 m

1.3

1.5 + 0.45 m

1.3

1.4 + 0.00 m

2.4

1.3 1.2

1.2 1.3 1.6 1.3 N

1ST FLOORPLAN _ SUMMER OFFICE SCALE TO FIT

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LEGEND

A

A.6mm clear glass tempered + laminate louvre with ĂƩĂĐŚĞĚŐƵƩĞƌŽŶƚŚĞďŽƩŽŵƐĞĐƟŽŶ

B C

B./ͲƐĞĐƟŽŶƐƚĞĞůďĞĂŵ C. C-channel steel girders D.ϲϬĐŵĚĞĞƉĂůƵŵŝŶƵŵǀĞƌƟĐĂůůŽƵǀƌĞƐ E. 20 steel pipe column

D E

CANOPY DETAIL

SCALE 1:20 CANOPY DETAIL

SCALE TO FIT

H G

B

E

A C D

LEGEND A.ZĞŝŶĨŽƌĐĞĚĐŽŶĐƌĞƚĞŇŽŽƌƐůĂď;ϭϱĐŵƚŚŝĐŬŶĞƐƐͿ B.&ŝŶŝƐŚĞĚŇŽŽƌŝŶŐ C.ϱϬĐŵ&ůŽŽƌĐĂǀŝƚLJĨŽƌĚƵĐƟŶŐĂŶĚŵĞĐŚĂŶŝĐĂů D.ƵĐƟŶŐĨƌŽŵǁĂƌŵĂŝƌ E.ŝƌŽƵƚƉƵƚŵĞƚĂůŐƌŝůů F.ůƵŵŝŶƵŵǁĂůůͬĐĞŝůŝŶŐƉĂŶĞů G./ŶƐƵůĂƟŽŶůĂLJĞƌ;ϭϬĐŵƚŚŝĐŬͿ

A F

WINTER BUILDING FLOORFLOOR - WALL DETAIL SECTION WINTER OFFICE - WALL DETAIL SCALE 1:20 SCALE TO FIT нϴ͘ϬϬŵ

нϰ͘ϬϬŵ нϯ͘ϬϬŵ нϬ͘ϬϬŵ

SECTION ^>ϭ͗ϮϬϬ

BASIC CONVECTION

^ƵŵŵĞƌĨƵŶĐƟŽŶƐǁŝůůďĞůŽĐĂƚĞĚŚŽƌŝnjŽŶƚĂůůLJŽŶƚŚĞŐƌŽƵŶĚůĞǀĞůƚŽůĞƚĐŽŽůĂŝƌďƌŽƵŐŚƚďLJƚŚĞǁŝŶĚĐŽŵŝŶŐĨƌŽŵƚŚĞƐŽƵƚŚĞĂƐƚĚŝƌĞĐƟŽŶ͘ƐĂƌĞƐƵůƚŽĨďĂƐŝĐĐŽŶǀĞĐƟŽŶ͕ǁĂƌŵĂŝƌǁŝůůƌŝƐĞƵƉĂŶĚ ĞƐĐĂƉĞƚŚƌŽƵŐŚƚŚĞĚŝīĞƌĞŶƚŵĞƐŚĞƐŽĨĐĂŶŽƉLJ͘dŚŝƐƐƚƌĂƚĞŐLJǁŝůůŬĞĞƉƚŚĞŐƌŽƵŶĚůĞǀĞůƚĞŵƉĞƌĂƚƵƌĞĚƵƌŝŶŐƐƵŵŵĞƌĂƚƚĞŵƉĞƌĂƚĞϮϭͲϮϰĚĞŐƌĞĞƐĐĞůĐŝƵƐ͘

EAST

WEST

LOW PRESSURE WARM TEMPERATURE

HIGH PRESSURE COOL TEMPERATURE

LOW PRESSURE WARM TEMPERATURE

WIND MANIPULATION

ŝīĞƌĞŶƚĂƚŚŵŽƐƉŚĞƌŝĐƉƌĞƐƐƵƌĞĐƌĞĂƚĞĚďLJƚŚĞƐŚĂĚŝŶŐŽĨƚŚĞĐĂŶŽƉLJŝŶƚƌŽĚƵĐĞĂŵŝĐƌŽǁŝŶĚĐŝƌĐƵůĂƟŽŶ͘dĂŬŝŶŐƚŚĞŶĂƚƵƌĂůǁŝŶĚŽŶƚŚĞƐƵŵŵĞƌŵŽŶƚŚƐĐŽŵŝŶŐĨƌŽŵƚŚĞƐŽƵƚŚĞĂƐƚĚŝƌĞĐƟŽŶ͕ƚŚĞ ŚĂŶŐŝŶŐŵĂƐƐŽĨƚŚĞǁŝŶƚĞƌƐƚƵĚŝŽĐƌĞĂƚĞĂĐŽŽůĞƌƚĞŵƉĞƌĂƚƵƌĞƚŚĂŶƚŚĞĂƌĞĂƐƵŶĐŽǀĞƌĞĚďLJƚŚĞĐĂŶŽƉLJƚŚƵƐŝŶĚƵĐĞŵŽƌĞǀĞůŽĐŝƚLJŝŶƚŚĞŝŶĐŽŵŝŶŐǁŝŶĚ͘LJůŽǁĞƌŝŶŐƚŚĞŝŶŚĂďŝƚĞĚǁŽƌŬŝŶŐƐƉĂĐĞƐ ĂŶĚŵĞĞƟŶŐƌŽŽŵƚƌĂƉƉŝŶŐƚŚĞǁŝŶĚŵŽǀĞŵĞŶƚĂŶĚĂƐĂƌĞƐƵůƚĐŽŽůĞƌƚĞŵƉĞƌĂƚƵƌĞƚŽǁŽƌŬŽŶŝŶƚŚĞƐƵŵŵĞƌŵŽŶƚŚƐ͘

SOUND DISSIPATION

LJĞůĞǀĂƟŶŐƚŚĞŵĞĞƟŶŐƌŽŽŵϯŵĞƚĞƌƐĂďŽǀĞƚŚĞŐƌŽƵŶĚ͕ ƐŽƵŶĚĨƌŽŵƚŚĞŵĞĞƟŶŐĂƌĞĂŝƐĚŝŵŝŶŝƐŚǁŝƚŚŽƵƚƵƐŝŶŐĂŶLJ ƐŽůŝĚƉĂƌƟƟŽŶ͘

SERVER PYLON

^ĞƌǀĞƌĐŽŽůŝŶŐǁŝƚŚĂŵďŝĞŶƚĂŝƌĂŶĚďƌŝŶŐƐǁĂƌŵĂŝƌƵƉĨŽƌ ǁŝŶƚĞƌƉƵƌƉŽƐĞƐ͘

SECTION

SCALE TO FIT

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PERSPECTIVE RENDERINGS SUMMER OFFICE

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SUNLIGHT

LOUVRE CANOPY

Covered roof with 60 cm deep aluminum louvres ŝŶƐƚĂůůĞĚ ǀĞƌƟĐĂůůLJ ƌĞŐƵůĂƟŶŐ ƚŚĞ ĂŵŽƵŶƚ ŽĨ ůƵŵĞŶƐ ŽĨ ƐƵŶůŝŐŚƚƚŚĂƚĮůƚĞƌƐƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ͘ƚŚĞƐĞůĂLJĞƌƐŽĨůŝŐŚƚŽƌŐĂŶŝnjĞƚŚĞƉƌŽŐƌĂŵƐĚŝƐƉĞƌƟŽŶďĞůŽǁŝŶĂĐĐŽƌĚĂŶĐĞƚŽƚŚĞŝƌ ŶĞĞĚƐŽĨƋƵĂŶƟƚLJŽĨůƵdž͘ TOP LAYER OF CANOPY IS CLEAR GLASS LOUVRES POSITIONED 30 DEGREE ANGLE WITH ATTACHED GUTTER &KZtdZZhEK&&͘d,/^>>Kt^tZD/ZdKZ/^ hWE^W/EdtE͘

WINTER GROUPING

ƵƌŝŶŐǁŝŶƚĞƌ͕ƵƐĞƌƐǁŝůůƵƐĞƚŚĞĞůĞǀĂƚĞĚŽĸĐĞ ďůŽĐŬǁŚĞƌĞƐĞƌǀĞƌƉLJůŽŶƐĂĐƚĂƐƚŚĞŵĂŝŶĂŝƌ ĐŽŶĚŝƟŽŶŝŶŐ͘

^hDDZt/E

SERVER PYLON

^ĞƌǀĞƌŚƵďƐǁŝůůŚĞĂƚƵƉĂŵďŝĞŶƚĂŝƌĂŶĚƉƵƐŚǁĂƌŵĂŝƌ ƵƉŝŶƚŽƚŚĞǁŝŶƚĞƌŽĸĐĞƐƚŚƌŽƵŐŚĐĂǀŝƚLJŝŶƚŚĞŇŽŽƌƐůĂď͘

,hD//dzͬWK>>hd/KE&>dKZ

ƵƌŝŶŐƐƵŵŵĞƌĚŝƐƉĞƌƟŽŶ͕ƵŶǁĂŶƚĞĚŚƵŵŝĚŝƚLJĂŶĚƉŽůůƵƟŽŶƐƵĐŚĂƐďĂĚŽĚŽƌĂŶĚǁŽŽĚ ĚĞďƌŝƐĐŽŵŝŶŐĨƌŽŵƚŚĞďĂƚŚƌŽŽŵĂŶĚŵŽĚĞů ǁŽƌŬƐŚŽƉŝƐŬĞƉƚĂǁĂLJĨƌŽŵƚŚĞĚŝƌĞĐƟŽŶŽĨ ŵĂŝŶƵƐĂŐĞ͘

^hDDZ/^WZd/KE

ƵƌŝŶŐ ƐƵŵŵĞƌ͕ ƵƐĞƌƐ ǁŝůů ƵƐĞ ŽƉĞŶ Ăŝƌ ͞ĨƵƌŶŝƚƵƌĞƐ͟ ůŽĐĂƚĞĚƵŶĚĞƌŶĞĂƚŚƚŚĞůŽƵǀƌĞĐĂŶŽƉLJ͕ƚĂŬŝŶŐĂĚǀĂŶƚĂŐĞ ŽĨĂƌĐĞůŽŶĂƚĞŵƉĞƌĂƚĞĐůŝŵĂƚĞĂŶĚƵƐŝŶŐƚŚĞǁŝŶĚĂƐĂ ĐŽŽůŝŶŐĨĂĐƚŽƌ͘

VAPOR BARRIER FABRIC

<ĞĞƉŝŶŐŚƵŵŝĚŝƚLJĂƚĐŽŵĨŽƌƚůĞǀĞůŽĨϯϬйͲϲϬйŝŶƐŝĚĞ ƐƚƵĚŝŽŵŽĚƵůƐ͘

LAS ARENAS

WINTER WIND

dŽƉĐŽŶĐƌĞƚĞƐůĂďŽĨ>ĂƐƌĞŶĂƐďƵŝůĚŝŶŐ͘

N E W

EXPLODED AXONOMETRY

S

THERMODYNAMIC FLOWS

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PERSPECTIVE RENDERINGS NORTHWEST VIEW

PERSPECTIVE RENDERINGS SOUTHEAST VIEW

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SITE PLAN

N

SCALE 1:2000

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AERIAL PERSPECTIVE LAS ARENAS

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ARTIFICIAL

ENERGY / AIR NATURAL

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SPRING SEMESTER _ AD 103 _ CORE DESIGN STUDIO

THERMODYNAMIC SOMATISM

VERTICALSCAPES II BARCELONA

Professor(s):

Inaki Abalos, Renata Sentkiewicz

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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VERTICALSCAPES II The studio project will consist in the design of a thermodynamic entity of mixed uses in a specific climatic condition. This entity will be based on the optimization of its energetic transfer in relation to climate and to its programmatic mixture (energy exchange rings). EXERCISE 0 THERMODYNAMIC UNITS 1. How the thermal transmission works inside a minimum unit of 216 m3 (a base cube of 6x6x6 meters) according to three different processes: - Convection - Conduction - Radiation 2. How the thermal transmission works between units EXERCISE 1 THERMODYNAMIC MIXER Definition of a programmatic mixture. This definition will be made in terms of type and quantity (sqm) optimizing energy exchange. Programs will be defined as a fixed residential program of 5000sqm with an average 80sqm/housing unit. The other set of programs will be defined by the student in order to achieve an energetic balance near or equal to zero. This should be achieved by energy exchange between programs along the day (24h), with special attention to the urban context and the social, productive and economical coherence of the program. This program mixer then takes in consideration the quantitative (sqm) proportion of the programs) with the total watts balance calculation of the system, both in numeric and graphical illustrations. Summer and winter versions will be presented independently for each hypothesis.

TAKEN FROM CLASS SYLLABUS

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EXERCISE 0 _ THERMODYNAMIC UNITS REFLECTIVE INTERIOR SURFACE

+ (+) RADIATION - CONDUCTION

RADIATION / CONDUCTION - Increase heat dispersion by radiation due to no absorption

- Waves reflecting off walls non perpendicular angles -Increase heat dispersion by radiation due to noat absorption -Waves reflecting off walls at non perpendicular angles = better better heat distribution heat distribution - Faster heat dispersion -Faster heat dispersion -Decrease heat absorption surface = less energy conduction - Decrease heatto absorption to insurface resulting in less -Equal heat dispersion in both volumes

=

energy in conduction - Equal heat dispersion in both volumes

-

(-)

+

(+)

- CONDUCTION RADIATIONRADIATION / CONDUCTION - Increase heat dispersion by radiation due to no absorption -Increase heat dispersion by radiation due to no absorption Waves reflecting off walls at perpendicular angles = worse -Waves reflecting off walls at perpendicular angles = worse heat distribution heat distribution -Fast heat dispersion - Fast heat dispersion -Decreased heat absorption to surface = less energy in conduction -No thermal bridging to adjacent volume - Decrease heat absorption to surface resulting in less energy -Unbalanced heat dispersion between the two volumes in conduction - Unbalanced heat dispersion inbetween volumes

CORRUGATED REFLECTIVE INTERIOR SURFACE

RADIATION /RADIATION - CONDUCTION CONDUCTION - Increase heat dispersion in one volume by radiation due to -Increase heat dispersion in one volume by radiation due varying angles on wall to reflect waves anglesvarying on wall to reflect waves -Faster dispersion area 1 - heat Faster heatondispersion on area 1 -Decrease heat absorption to surface = less energy in conduction - Decrease heat absorption toissurface -Unequal heat dispersion in 2 areas (Area covered more heat)resulting in less energy in conduction - Unbalanced heat dispersion in both volumes

-

(-)

RADIATION / RADIATION - CONDUCTION CONDUCTION

- Increase heat dispersion in one -Increase heat dispersion in one volume by radiation duevolume varying by radiation due angles on wall to reflect waves varying angles on wall to reflect waves -Decrease heat absorption to surface = less energy in conduction - Some heat transferred through conduction to adjacent volume.resulting in less - Decrease heat absorption to surface -Unbalanced heat dispersion between the two volumes

to

energy in conduction - Unbalanced heat dispersion in both volumes

MASSIVE DIVIDING WALL MEMBRANE

+

(+)

-

(-)

CONVECTION / CONVECTION - CONDUCTION CONDUCTION - Heat contained within partition due to thicker material, -Heat contained within partition due to thicker material, providing even heat dispersion along surface evenproviding heating along surface. -Minimal conductiveconductive heat transfer outside - Minimal heatof partition transfer outside of partition -Thicker partition does not effect convective or radiant heat transfer - Thicker partition does not effect convective or radiant heat transfer

CONVECTION / CONVECTION - CONDUCTION CONDUCTION

Little or no transfer of heatbasically through partition, basically -Little- to no transfer of heat through partition, isolating the heat isolating heat -Unbalanced heat distribution between the two volumes - Unbalanced distribution between two volumes -Thicker partition does notheat effect convective or radiant heat transfer - Thicker partition does not effect convective or radiant heat transfer

MASSIVE ENVELOPE

+

(+) CONVECTION - CONDUCTION

CONVECTION / CONDUCTION - Thicker boundary has little or no effect to convective and radiant transfer -Thicker boundaryheat has little to no effect to convective and radiant heat transfers. - Keeps heat from escaping from two volumes -Keeps heat from escaping the two volumes Allows heat to between be transferred between -Allows- heat to be transferred the volumes through the the volumes center partition. through the center partition

-

(-)

CONVECTION / CONDUCTION CONVECTION - CONDUCTION -Thicker boundary has little to no effect to convective and radiant Thicker boundary has little or no effect to convective heat-transfers. -Heat source location limits the ability of heat to be transferred through radiant heat transfer conduction.

and

- Heat source location limits the ability of heat to be transferred through conduction

HEAT TRANSFER AGGREGATION

1 HEAT SOURCE _ 2 VOLUMES _ ENVELOPE DEFORMATION

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EXERCISE 0 _ THERMODYNAMIC UNITS FORM PROPERTY VARIATIONS POSITIVE AGGREGATION

CONDUCTION + CONVECTION

CONDUCTION + CONVECTION

+

+

STEP 01 Positive aggregate deformation by pushing the outer boundary away from the centralized heat source. Unit 1 is compressed vertically to have a more condense heat dispersion while unit 2 is expanded vertically to accomodate heat convection. STEP 02 Exploring the possibility of having a detached platform that can store heat from convection while also speed up cold vlow returning to the heat source for both units. RESULT Centralized heat source with diagonal unit connection creates equally heated units with potential energy transfer outside the system.

RADIATION RADIATION + CONDUCTION + CONDUCTION

STEP 01 Positive aggregate deformation by expanding both units vertically so that the dividing membrane is connected on the ceiling while creating connection on the floor level. With reflective corrugated surface on unit 2 that reflect incoming radiant heat to various direction creates a dissipation of heat in the floor. STEP 02 Lowering the ceiling unit 1 in order to have reflection of radiant heat traversing from unit 2 to unit 1 while at the same time thickening floor membrane to have a more thermal mass to keep conductive heat on the floor. RESULT Heat source with one unit covered with reflective corrugated materials will not create an equal heat dispersion RADIATION + CONVECTION

RADIATION + CONVECTION

+

STEP 01 Positive aggregate deformation by enlarging the envelope horizontally to create symmetrical openings from the edge of the separating membrane in order to let reflections of radiant heat goes up to unit 2 from unit 1. STEP 02 Creating 3 distinct pockets in unit 1 so that radiant heat can bounce on the entire reflective surfaces thus heat these pockets where cold air particles dropped from the convective process. Convex edges on unit 2 ceiling create a more streamline convection cycle process. RESULT Centralized heat source could potentially creates multiple cellular spaces on lower unit thus establish a cyclical heat production.

POSITIVE COMBO AGGREGATION TO A MORE UNIFORM HEAT DISPERSION

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FORM PROPERTY VARIATIONS NEGATIVE AGGREGATION

CONDUCTION + CONVECTION

STEP 01 Negative aggregate deformation by enlarging unit 1 vertically to distance the floor from the convective heat source. A corrugated surface is applied to the floor of unit 2 to increase surface to air ratio. STEP 02 Thickening floor slab in unit 2 and ceiling of unit 1 to keep conductive heat stay as close to the heat source as possible. RESULT Floating heat source located in unit 1 with diagonal unit connection has the potential to create two cold units with a heated external system due to conduction.

RADIATION + CONDUCTION

STEP 01 Negative aggregate deformation by enlarging unit 2 vertically to distance the floor from the radiating heat source. STEP 02 Thickening the middle section of unit 2 so it creates an hourglass section while covering the top vertical surfaces with reflective material and the ceiling with absorptive corrugated material in order to keep radiating heat on the top half of unit 2. RESULT Heat source positioned in the ceiling of unit 2 has the potential to create 2 cold units with high thermal mass on unit 2 walls.

RADIATION + CONVECTION

STEP 01 Negative aggregate deformation by pushing unit 1 away from the heat source while covering the surface with absorptive corrugation. STEP 02 Thickening the ceiling of unit 1 with a hemispheric shape and cover it with reflective surface while pulling the middle floor up to stop radiant heat to travel to adjacent areas. RESULT Heat source positioned in the wall of unit 2 has the potential to create 2 cold units with similar dimensions while keeping heat contained in one area.

NEGATIVE COMBO AGGREGATION TO A MORE DIFFERENTIATED HEAT DISPERSION

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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EXERCISE 1 _ THERMODYNAMIC MIXER BARCELONA _MEDIA CENTER

ALTERED PROGRAM

Thermodynamical Mixer - Barcelona Summer Energy to heat(W/m2)

Use

Nightlife

(bars)

Percentage (%) Percentage*Energy

Time Interval

90.00

9

18

235.00

0

3

9

22

Leisure (media libraries)

22

24

Square Metres (m2)

0.47

42.30

2350

0.30

70.50

1500

Sports Work (computer room) Work (computer room)

0.60

189.00

3000

315.00

0

9

22

24

0.25

78.75

1250

85.00

0

9

18

24

1.00

85.00

315.00

LATE

5000 13100

300

510 W/M2

250

200

computer rooms

150

50

computer rooms (late)

2457 W/M2

100

157.5 W/M2

765 W/M2

computer rooms (late)

bars

708.75 W/M2

211.5 W/M2 0

media library

bars 141 W/M2

192.87 W/M2 4

2

6

8

10

ENERGY ABSORBED PER DAY 5331.45 W/M2

16

14

12

18

20

22

24

Thermodynamical Mixer - Barcelona Winter Use

Energy to heat(W/m2)

Leisure (media libraries)

45.59

9

18

-49.96

0

3

-65.20

9

22

44.32

0

9

Nightlife

(bars)

Percentage (%) Percentage*Energy

Time Interval

Square Metres (m2)

0.47

21.43

2350 4700

22

24

0.94

-46.96

0.85

-55.42

4250

18

24

1.00

44.32

5000

Sports Work (computer room)

16300

80

60

40

20

398.88 W/M2

ENERGY ABSORBED PER DAY 857.67 W/M2

265.92 W/M2

media library 192.87 W/M2

0 -20

-40

2

bars 140.88 W/M2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

computer rooms 720.46 W/M2

18

20

22

24

bars 93.92 W/M2

-60

-80

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955.26 W/M2 ENERGY PRODUCED PER DAY


44.32

0

9

18

1.00

24

44.32

5000 16300

80

60

40

20

398.88 W/M2

ENERGY ABSORBED PER DAY 857.67 W/M2

265.92 W/M2

media library 192.87 W/M2

0

2

-20

bars

-40

140.88 W/M2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

computer rooms

18

20

720.46 W/M2

955.26 W/M2 ENERGY PRODUCED PER DAY

24

22

bars 93.92 W/M2

-60

-80

1 UNIT VOLUME 6 X 6 X 6 M2

RESIDENTIAL 312 UNIT

COMPUTER ROOMS 265 UNIT

MEDIA LIBRARY 150 UNIT

SUMMER

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

BAR 100 UNIT SUMMER 300 UNIT WINTER

WINTER

73


EXERCISE 2 THERMODYNAMIC MIXER Definition of a spatial organization. Guidelines for spatial organization: 1. Climatic parameters and natural energy sources. - Study of climate parameters (Givoni Diagram, Compass Rose, Solar Radiation, etc.) and identification of spatial strategies and basic materials. - Identification of natural energy sources: wind, radiation, earth (geothermal). - Identification of positive and negative sources (protection/utilization) 2. External form factor in relation with Barcelona climate: - open / expansive - relation m2/m3. Definition of the volume of program in m3 - exposure to sun orientations (south/north, east/west, covered), exposure to sun / underground parts (in relation with terrain), and to the wind directions. - passive design: solar collection, internal accumulation, wind protection, thermal inertia, daytime ventilation, nighttime ventilation, radiation control. Selection and incorporation of positive or negative criteria (M. Wieser chart) both in winter and summer. 3. Artificial energy sources and spatial mechanism of transmission: - use of internal or external artificial energy sources (infrastructure, windmills, geothermal) - transmission systems*: convection, conduction, radiationâ&#x20AC;Ś - exchange of material based on flow temperature and transmission times: air (gas) in convection; water (liquid) in conduction, convection and radiation; solid in conduction and radiation. 4. Spatial devices dedicated to the distribution and storage of energy: - external devices: atrium, double skin, air collectors, perforations, etc. - internal devices: courtyard, mechanical floor plan, other active sources, etc. TAKEN FROM CLASS SYLLABUS

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EXERCISE 2 _ QUALITATIVE TOPOLOGICAL ORGANIZATION N

N 10

330 NW

30

June 21

20

NE

30 40 300

21:28

06:28

50

60

60 70 W

E

09:00

80

16:00 W

E

12:00

15:00

December 21 17:23

09:00

240 SW

120

SE 210

BARCELONA (EL PRAT)

07:55

12:00

SE

S

WIND ROSE

BARCELONA ANNUAL WIND DIRECTION PATTERN (EL PRAT)

01

15:00

150 S

SUN PATH SUN PATH DIAGRAM

BARCELONA

02 E

N

S

W

E

N

S

W

02. Deformation into a linear massing to introduce ventilation. Raising the mass to create more uniform ventilation on the leeward side.

01. Volumetric box

03

04 E

N

W

03. Tilting the north and south face to minimize direct sun exposure.

05

S

04. Lifting the top massing of the south side elevation to provide more room for incoming summer wind (SW) to penetrate inside the void and also as a device to bring winter wind (NW) of a higher elevation down to the void.

06 N

E

N

W

S

S

N

S

W

05. Roof angle to provide more surface area towards the indirect sun on the north

E

E

06. Minimizing western facing facade by dematerializing the western massing. In contrast using eastern facing massing as a wind scoop that will take in both summer and winter winds to ventilate from within the courtyard.

W

S

W

E

N

MASSING DEFORMATION

RESULTING FROM VARIOUS EXTERNAL CLIMATIC PARAMETER

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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M

113

25.5 M

65 M

54

M

30

M

24

M

12

M

13 m 0M

13 m

52 M

TOTAL AREA: 16,300 m2 TOTAL VOLUME: 49,500 m3 16 FLOORS

SCALE COMPARISON CERDA GRID

ENVELOPING CENTRALIZED + MULTILAYER OUTLINE

+ ACTIVE SYSTEMS A 01. Geothermal cooling/heating A 02. Wind turbines / aeolic A 03. Infrastructure / underground highway (piezoelectricity)

PASSIVE SYSTEMS

P 01. Double facade P 02. Courtyard / patio P 03. Radiant slab P 04. Convective heating/cooling P 05. Fresh air inlet

A 02

P. 02

P. 01

E

S

N

W

A 01 COMPOSITE THERMODYNAMIC MONSTER SCALE TO FIT

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A 03


THERMAL DISTRIBUTION

DOUBLE FACADE

Trapping Wind Cross Ventilation

AIR

on lati mu in cu a c G A Cross Ventilation al at He ern Int Air Velocity / Wind

+

WATER

Radiant Heat

CONVECTION COURTYARD

DOUBLE FACADE

Trapping Wind Cross Ventilation

RADIANT FLOORING

THERMAL STORAGE

CLIMATE

EARTH

SUN

on lati mu in cu a c G A Thermal Exchange al at He ern Int Time delay storage

Self Shading Solar radiation

CONVECTION GEOTHERMAL

FORM

ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION

WIND

INFRA STRUCTURE

Aeolic Generator

Piezoelectric Generator

WIND TURBIN

UNDERGROUND HIGHWAY

THERMODYNAMIC STRATEGY

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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EXERCISE 3 TECTONIC / THERMODYNAMIC ORGANIZATION In the last exercise, a scheme forming an architectural proposal by elaborating analytic plans (plans, sections and elevations), views in the context and energy performance diagrams. Basic programmatic aggregation system (internal organization as energy optimization) is a simple vertical multi-layer organization. Producer programs (heat producing programs) will be located below absorber programs (non heat producing programs) with the exception of producer spaces relying on radiative heat transfer. Sited in the climatic site of Barcelona, the building clad in metal panels with wind channels. These channels performs externally in increasing wind movement along the facade of and also internally as a medium to transport air from underground motorway to help ventilate the lower portion of the building. Wind trap located in every programmatic changes in a vertical multi-layer outline thermodynamic organization which function as air - heat exchanger. Double skin located on the interior courtyard face to reduce the velocity of air movement during summer months when cross ventilation will be used throughout. A secondary roofing structure will help to filter some of the sun radiation while still allowing light in. Wind farm of aeolic turbin network is attached to the roofâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s framing structure.

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EXERCISE 3 _ TECTONIC / THERMODYNAMIC ORGANIZATION

WIND FARM MECHANICAL FLOOR BAR

OPEN ON SUMMER

WIND CHANNEL EXTERIOR

WIND TRAP

CORRUGATION _ FRESH AIR CHANNEL

WIND CHANNEL INTERIOR

METAL CLADDING

CONCRETE WALL

EXTERIOR PERSPECTIVE MATERIALITY

PVC RESIN PANELS CANOPY

WIND TURBIN

AEOLIC ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION

WIND TRAP

CORRUGATION

GLASS LOUVRES

DOUBLE FACADE

CLEAR GLASS

DOUBLE FACADE

WIND TRAP

CORRUGATION

WIND CHANNEL INTERIOR

METAL CLADDING

CONCRETE WALL

SECTION PERSPECTIVE MATERIALITY

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

79


BARCELONA WINTER Use

Energy to heat/cool (w/m2)

Time Interval

Percentage (%)

Percentage x Energy

Area (m2)

0,47

21,43

2.350

0,77

-38,47

3.850

0,85

-55,42

4.250

Gaming Library

45,59

9

18

Bar

-49,96

20

24

Game Center

-65,20

9

20

Game Center (Late)

-65,20

0

9

20

24

0,33

-21,52

1650

44,32

0

9

18

24

1,00

44,32

5.000

Residential

0

3

15.450 Producer Total : 957,4 W/m2 Absorber Total : 867,7 W/m2

THERMODYNAMIC MIXER PROGRAM COMPOSITION _ AREAS

06:18

NIGHT

21:28

DAYTIME

NIGHT

60

40

RESIDENTIAL

ENERGY (W/M2)

20

RESIDENTIAL GAMING LIBRARY

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

GAME CENTER (LATE)

20

BAR

BAR GAME CENTER

40 GAME CENTER (LATE)

GAME CENTER (LATE)

60 STORAGE

DIRECT ABSORBANCE

0 ENERGY BALANCE CHART WINTER BALANCE

ABSORBER

GAMING LIBRARY 2.350 m2

Radiant floor slab

Heat - Water exchanger

PRODUCER Radiation

GAMING CENTER 50% x 610.5 w/m2 2125 m2

Heat - Water exchanger Radiant floor slab

ABSORBER Radiant floor slab

RESIDENTIAL 38% x 709 w/m2 1900 m2

Heat - Water exchanger PRODUCER Convection

BAR 3.850 m2

ABSORBER

RESIDENTIAL 62% x 709 w/m2 3100 m2

Radiant floor slab Heat - Water exchanger

GAMING CENTER 50% x 610.5 w/m2 2125 m2

PRODUCER Radiation

09:00 - 03:00

STORAGE

PROGRAM > ENERGY TRANSFER AGGREGATION VERTICAL LAYERING _ ENERGY STORAGE

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17:00 - 09:00

24


PERFORMATIVE SKIN

EXPLODED AXONOMERTY ENVELOPE

DE 01 _ Aluminum panels DE 02 _ Metal strip thermal conductor DE 03 _ Hollow steel framing DE 04 _ Poured reinforced concrete wall

W 03 _ Glass curtain walls

S 01 _ Operable glass louvre S 02 _ Corrugated metal roofing S 03 _ Polycarbonate panels

D 01 _ Metal wind channel D 02 _ Corrugation wind trap D 03 _ Underground motorway D 04 _ Wind turbin

F 01 _ North secondary skin F 02 _ West secondary skin F 03 _ East secondary skin F 04 _ South secondary skin

E 01 _ North elevation E 02 _ West elevation E 03 _ East elevation E 04 _ South elevation

LEGEND

E.01

W.03

E.03

F.03

F.01

D.03

R.01

D.01

S.02

D.04

E.02

F.02

F.04

SCALE TO FIT

E.04

N VAILIN G WI

ND

WIND CHANNEL DETAIL

DE.04

DE.03

DE.02

DE.01

S.01

S.03

ER PRE WINT

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

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D.02

S

_E IND W ING EVAIL ER PR SUMM

L PR

AT


INTERIOR PERSPECTIVE SUMMER _ OPEN BAR

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BAR

MOTORWAY

GAMING CENTER

RESIDENTIAL

N

Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

MOTORWAY

-7.00

HA INDS

DE /

M DFAR WIN

FROM

RWAY MOTO

SCALE 1:500

LONGITUDINAL ENERGY FLOW SECTION A _ WINTER

WINTER_ 12:00 A.M. _ NORTHEAST

SCALE 1:500

AIR

LONGITUDINAL ENERGY FLOW NORTH - SOUTH SECTION A _ WINTER

COOL

13 m

10 m

MECHANICAL ROOF

WINTER _ 20:30 P.M. _ NORTHEAST

SCALE 1:500

WINTER _ 10:00 A.M. _ NORTHEAST

25.00 °

LONGITUDINAL ENERGY FLOW SECTION B _ WINTER

18.45°

SCALE 1:500

16 m ce lsti So ter Win

WINTER _ 10:00 A.M. _ SOUTHEAST

LONGITUDINAL ENERGY FLOW NORTH - SOUTH SECTION B _ WINTER

SUMMER _ 20:30 P.M. _ NORTHEAST

PREVAILING WINTER WIND

MECHANICAL ROOF

°

WINTER THERMODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE

N

/W

SECTIONS

GAMING CENTER

0.00

RESIDENTIAL

BAR

DE NSHA > SU

SUMMER _ 12:00 A.M. _ NORTHEAST

ROOF

.00

71

+3.00

+9.50

+13.50

+16.50

+19.50

+22.50

+25.50

PREVAILING WINTER WIND

GAMING CENTER

+32.00

RESIDENTIAL

GAMING LIBRARY

+38.00

+35.00

+43.00

+46.00

+58.00

PHYSICAL MODEL

SUN PATH STUDY

WINTER _ 10:00 A.M. _ NORTHEAST

-7.00

0.00

+3.00

+9.50

+13.50

+16.50

SUMMER +19.50 _ 10:00 A.M. _ NORTHEAST

+22.50

+25.50

+32.00

RESIDENTIAL

GAMING CENTER

+38.00

+35.00

GAMING LIBRARY

+43.00

+46.00

Sols tice mer Sum

+58.00

50.0

50.0 0°

83

SCALE 1:500

CROSS ENERGY FLOW SECTION C _ WINTER

WINTER _ 12:00 A.M. _ SOUTHEAST

SCALE 1:500

WINTER _ 20:30 P.M. _ NORTHEAST

WINTER _ 20:30 P.M. _ SOUTHEAST

CROSS ENERGY FLOW EAST - WEST SECTION C _ WINTER

WINTER _ 12:00 A.M. _ NORTHEAST


N

IO IAT

AD

NR

SU

GAMING LIBRARY +43.00

M

R WA

GAMING CENTER +38.00 N

TIO DIA

RA

N

TIO DIA

RA

M

R WA

RESIDENTIAL + MECHANICAL FLOOR

SH FRE

AIR

+32.00

M

R WA

SH FRE

N

IO ECT NV CO

BAR +22.50

NT DIA RA

RESIDENTIAL +9.50 M

R WA

N

TIO DIA

RA

GAMING CENTER 0.00

M

MOTORWAY

R WA

AIR

M

FRO

EL NN

TU

-7.00 E AG

DT UN

AL

RM

HE

N

R STO

RO RG

DE UN

EXPLODED AXONOMETRY THERMODYNAMIC LAYERING

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SH FRE

AIR

B

SLA

AIR

SH FRE

AIR


SOUTHWEST VIEW Barcelona Institute of Architecture 2011 / 12

85

Glenn Hajadi - MBIArch portfolio 2011-2012  

MBIArch 2011-2012 Builidng technologies Award

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