Volvo Car Financial Services

Page 1

Licensed to Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

Contents The aim of this guide

2

3

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard

12

What does the BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide contain?

12

Tyres and wheels

18

4

General appearance and road safety

Advice for customers during the term of the vehicle lease

5

Maintenance, servicing and repairs

12

Mechanical condition

19

Personal number plates

6

Documentation

13

Performance modifications

19

Appraisal tips for customers before returning a lease vehicle

7

Appearance

13

Vehicle underside

19

Vehicle keys

13

Vehicle interior

20

Paintwork, vehicle body, bumpers and trim

14

Advice for customers on the day the vehicle is returned

8

End of lease charges

9

Why do we have end of lease charges? What BVRLA members must do

10 10

BVRLA Code of Conduct

11

Glossary

22

About the BVRLA

23

In case of a dispute BVRLA dispute resolution process

11 11

Chips, Dents, Scratches Unpainted mouldings and wheel arch trim Badges, emblems and labels Soft and hard top convertibles Tow bars After-market accessories

Windows, glass, door mirrors and lamps

Panoramic roofs Windows/windscreens The Driver’s Line of Vision Door mirrors Lamps and lenses

14 15 15 15 15 15

Tyre wear and damage Wheels and wheel trims

18 18

Passenger area, seats, headrests and trim Door aperture, boot, boot liner and luggage area

Equipment and controls

In-car entertainment equipment, telephones, navigation systems and battery charging leads Driver safety equipment

20 20

21 21 21

16

16 16 17 17 17

© COPYRIGHT 2022

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025

PREVIOUS

NEXT


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

The aim of this guide The aim of the BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide is, firstly, to provide information to customers about looking after a leased vehicle so that end of lease charges can be avoided and, secondly, to provide an industry-wide, accepted standard that defines fair wear and tear on passenger cars when they are returned at the end of a lease contract or finance agreement. This guide covers all passenger vehicles, including multiple passenger vehicles with up to eight seats. Separate Fair Wear & Tear Guides are available for light commercial vehicles, and for commercial vehicles and minibuses.

3

Fair wear and tear occurs when normal usage causes acceptable deterioration to a vehicle. When BVRLA members review deterioration in the vehicle’s condition at the end of a contract or finance agreement, they consider the age, mileage and whether the vehicle has been looked after sufficiently.

This Fair Wear & Tear Guide is produced by the British Vehicle Rental & Leasing Association (BVRLA) with the assistance of a specialist working group drawn from BVRLA members and independent market experts.

Fair wear and tear should not be confused with damage, which occurs as a result of a specific event or series of events, such as an impact, inappropriate stowing of items, harsh treatment, negligent acts or omissions.

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025

PREVIOUS

CONTENTS

NEXT

What does the BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide contain?


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

What does the Fair Wear & Tear Guide contain? It contains advice and guidance that customers can use throughout the period of the vehicle contract. For example, tips on looking after the vehicle, information customers should know at the start of the lease, tips on appraising the vehicle’s condition at the end of the lease, and what to expect on the day the vehicle is returned. It also shows how to complain if things go wrong. The guide also contains the BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard, which defines the industry standard at return for every aspect of the vehicle’s condition. For ease of reference, the condition of the vehicle is considered under the following headings:

› General appearance, road safety, documentation and keys

4

› Paintwork, vehicle body, bumpers and trim

› Windows, glass, door mirrors and lights

› Tyres and wheels › Mechanical condition

The person named on the contract (referred to herein as the ‘customer’) should be clear at the outset of the lease or finance agreement about their obligations to ensure that the vehicle is appropriately looked after and returned in the required condition.

PREVIOUS

If a company car, the employer may outline preventative vehicle maintenance and road safety measures that need to be undertaken on a daily or weekly basis.

CONTENTS

Those personally leasing the vehicle and responsible for its maintenance and upkeep should consult the leasing company or service provider for advice and ensure that the advice is followed.

NEXT

› Vehicle interior › Equipment and controls

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025

Advice for customers during the term of the vehicle lease


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

Advice for customers during the term of the vehicle lease Advice about looking after the leased vehicle can be obtained from a number of sources, including the vehicle’s handbook. The leasing provider will take care of routine servicing and maintenance if the vehicle is on a maintenance-inclusive contract or a fleet-managed arrangement. Leasing providers may provide advice and guidance to help customers look after their vehicle if asked to do so.

The lease provider should:

› a t the start of the contract, supply information on the

PREVIOUS

return standards required by the leasing company.

5 The customer should:

› use, maintain and look after the vehicle in accordance with the vehicle manufacturer’s guidelines;

› follow the advice provided to keep the vehicle in good

condition, help maintain its performance, and preserve its safety features and emissions standards. Looking after the vehicle appropriately will minimise any potential charges at the end of contract;

CONTENTS

› follow the manufacturer’s recommendations regarding fuel and fuel blends, additives such as Adblue, lubricants and battery recharging (if an electric or hybrid vehicle), because the vehicle’s warranty may be invalidated, and long-term damage caused, through inappropriate use of fuels, additives, lubricants and battery usage;

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025

NEXT

Advice for customers during the term of the vehicle lease (continued)


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

Advice for customers during the term of the vehicle lease (continued) › report any suspected manufacturer’s faults identified on any part of the vehicle, its bodywork or trim, to the leasing company as soon as possible to get the issue resolved;

› be aware that adjusting or blocking the vehicle’s odometer (‘mileage clock’) before return is not permitted.

6

PREVIOUS

Personal number plates Customers should liaise with the leasing company 10 to 12 weeks before the end of lease to ensure that any personal number plate is transferred from the lease vehicle to a new one.

CONTENTS

NEXT

Appraisal tips for customers before returning a lease vehicle

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

Appraisal tips for customers before returning a lease vehicle › Carry out an appraisal of the vehicle

10 to 12 weeks before the vehicle is due for return. This will allow you to arrange to have any damage rectified and missing items replaced.

› Before appraising the vehicle, make sure that it has been washed and is thoroughly clean, but remember to allow time for it to dry. Water on the paintwork can mask faults.

7

› Choose a time and place with

good light. This is how the leasing company will examine your vehicle. Appraisals carried out in poor light invariably miss some faults.

› Check the terms of your contract for information on the return standard required and consult with your leasing company or finance house if you are in any doubt.

› Check the tyres (including spare) for damage. Check that the wear on the tread across each tyre is even.

› Walk all the way around the vehicle and examine closely each panel, including the roof, bonnet, doors and body, for significant damage. Observe where the light is reflected differently from any dents and scratches.

› Crouch or kneel down at the front and rear of the vehicle and look along each side. This will help you see scratches and dents that may otherwise be difficult to spot.

› Inspect lamps, lenses, windows and

mirrors for chips, cracks and holes.

› Inspect wheels, wheel rims and wheel hubs, and spokes, for scratches, rust and corrosion.

› Check upholstered areas for odours, tears, burns, stains and wear.

› Inspect all controls, including audio

equipment and accessories – they should be present and fully functional.

› Clean and valet the interior. › It is important to appraise the

vehicle as honestly as you can – be objective. Ask a friend or colleague to help you.

› Check your vehicle against the

BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard.

› Arrange to repair areas of damage

and replace missing equipment and accessories before the vehicle is returned, ensuring that any work carried out is done to a professional standard by a repairer who can provide a transferable warranty for the work.

Of course, you may decide you want to keep the vehicle because you know its history. Contact your leasing company – it may offer this vehicle, or others like it, at very attractive prices.

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025

PREVIOUS

CONTENTS

NEXT

Advice for customers on the day the vehicle is returned


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

Advice for customers on the day the vehicle is returned › On the day the vehicle is

returned, it must be in a safe and roadworthy condition with all keys, equipment, accessories and documentation present.

› The leasing company will arrange

8

collection of the vehicle at the end of contract. All readily apparent damage and wear, including that deemed normal wear and tear, will be documented when the vehicle is collected. The customer will be given the opportunity to agree with the condition of the vehicle at the point of collection. The leasing company will then be able to carry out a final assessment of the vehicle to calculate what end of lease charges, if any, are payable.

› Point out any unrepaired wear or

› If you cannot be present during

the collection of the vehicle, or if other conditions, eg poor weather, prevent the vehicle from being inspected, the leasing company will issue a written condition report of the vehicle and advise of any charges that may subsequently become due, together with summary details of those charges, including repair method/ type, along with photographic evidence.

› Ensure all personal belongings

are removed from the vehicle, eg sunglasses, SD cards, music CDs. Don’t forget to remove any item, including paperwork and other correspondence, that could reveal personal data about you, your family or friends.

› Remove personal keys from the

vehicle’s key fob. Delete any personal information from the vehicle’s on-board systems using the ‘factory re-set’ facility. Ask the leasing company for advice if you experience any difficulties.

› Discs for satellite navigation should be left in the vehicle.

PREVIOUS

› The vehicle’s number plate should

be intact and as per the standard set out in the Road Vehicles (Display of Registration Marks) Regulations.

CONTENTS

NEXT

damage to avoid problems later.

End of lease charges

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

End of lease charges Customers must be advised what to expect when the vehicle is collected. Some leasing companies arrange a full vehicle inspection and condition report upon collection. Other leasing companies will collect the vehicle, make a note of its condition by recording all readily apparent damage and missing equipment and complete the final inspection later at the leasing company’s nominated site. Customers can expect to be treated fairly. It is recommended that the customer (or a nominated representative) is present when the vehicle is collected.

9

If the vehicle is not sufficiently clean to allow a detailed inspection, the collection process may need to be aborted and a charge may be applied. Customers will be asked to agree to postpone the inspection and to sign the condition report to that effect. If the BVRLA member intends to apply any charges, for example for excess mileage, damage or missing equipment, the customer must

be advised no later than four weeks after the vehicle is collected or returned. The customer may be advised at the time the vehicle is collected or returned. If charges are being applied, the BVRLA member should provide a summary breakdown of the charges, including the repair method/type of repair. Customers should also be provided with photographic/video or other documentary evidence to help justify or support the charges made. Customers should also be advised of their right to query any end of lease charges.

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025

PREVIOUS

CONTENTS

NEXT

End of lease charges (continued)


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

End of lease charges (continued) Why do we have end of lease charges? End of lease charges are applied when the vehicle, its equipment and accessories are not used, maintained or looked after as originally agreed at the start of the lease. These charges compensate the leasing company for the cost of rectifying damage and replacing missing items, such as keys, parcel shelves, etc.

10

Customers can expect to incur end of lease charges if there is no evidence that the vehicle has been serviced and maintained according to the vehicle manufacturer’s guidelines. Charges can still be applied at end of lease in cases where the leasing company decides for commercial reasons not to repair damage or to replace missing equipment before the vehicle is sold.

Customers are not charged at end of lease for any refurbishment that arises from normal wear and tear. Customers can arrange to repair any damage that is outside the agreed return standard before returning the vehicle, provided the repairs are carried out to a professional standard by a reputable repairer who can provide a full transferable warranty on their work.

What BVRLA members must do On entering the lease agreement, BVRLA members must clearly explain:

› their end of lease vehicle return standard;

PREVIOUS

› the required condition of the vehicle;

› the presence and condition of any

CONTENTS

vehicle keys and accessories;

› how they require you to look

after the vehicle (eg servicing and maintenance) during the term of the contract.

NEXT

BVRLA Code of Conduct

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

BVRLA Code of Conduct BVRLA members are obliged under the BVRLA Code of Conduct to trade fairly and responsibly in all dealings with their customers. The BVRLA promotes ethical trading, clear pricing, transparent terms and conditions and the provision of high-quality vehicles and customer service. The Code of Conduct sets out the standards that BVRLA members must comply with regarding pre- and post-contract procedures, level of customer support during the contract period, and how customer complaints should be handled.

11

In case of a dispute

BVRLA dispute resolution process

In the event of a dispute about the condition or damage to the vehicle, customers have the right to pay for a review of the documents and photographic evidence by an independent qualified engineer, eg an engineer who is unrelated to the original inspection and agreed by both parties. The engineer’s decision will be binding on both the customer and the BVRLA member.

The BVRLA is approved by Government as a Consumer ADR body under the Alternative Dispute Resolution for Consumer Disputes (Competent Authorities and Information) Regulations 2015.

If the engineer finds in the customer’s favour, the BVRLA member will refund the reasonable cost of the examination.

Those who are unhappy with the service received by a leasing company should in the first instance inform the company of the issue to give them a chance to resolve the matter. Contact them in writing, explaining the issue and how you would like them to put things right. If an issue remains unresolved and the final response from the leasing company is deemed unsatisfactory, the customer can escalate a complaint to the BVRLA Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) service as long as the leasing company is a BVRLA member. Customers of BVRLA members have access to the ADR at no cost. The ADR is a restorative justice service, not a compensatory scheme. Further information on the ADR service is available here: bvrla.co.uk/consumer-advice

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025

PREVIOUS

CONTENTS

NEXT

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard


The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard General appearance and road safety

All electronic safety features and advanced driver assistance systems that help the driver, eg parking sensors, cruise controls, lane departure and collision warnings, must be in working order. There must be no rust or corrosion on any part of the bodywork,trim of the vehicle, or on the alloy wheels. The vehicle must be roadworthy, and no warning lights should be illuminated.

12

There must be sufficient fuel (fuel warning light must not be illuminated) or full charge in the battery, if an electric vehicle, to bring about the vehicle collection or return.

Maintenance, servicing and repairs The vehicle must have been serviced and looked after according to the manufacturer’s servicing/ maintenance schedule.

The service book, if originally supplied with the vehicle, must be present and date-stamped by the repairer or workshop as evidence that the services have taken place. If the service record is kept electronically, the customer must produce evidence that the vehicle has been serviced and maintained according to the

vehicle manufacturer’s service and maintenance schedule. Appropriate evidence would include hard copies of the service record or invoice clearly showing the date, vehicle mileage reading and the repairer/ service agent’s stamp. Customers must remove any sensitive personal information from such documents. Any repairs made to the vehicle before its return must be to a professional standard by repairers who can provide full warranty

PREVIOUS

CONTENTS

on their work. Sustainable repair initiatives, such as green parts can be used provide they are Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) green parts and the repairer provides a full warranty on their work. Unauthorised odometer changes and mileage blockers are not acceptable. Any odometer malfunctions must have been reported to the leasing company. The customer fully warrants that the mileage reading at the time the vehicle was collected is correct.

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025

NEXT

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued)


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued) Documentation

Appearance

All vehicle documentation must be intact and present in the vehicle when it is returned including:

The vehicle’s exterior must be sufficiently clean, and allow sufficient space around the vehicle (2 metre space at least) to allow a detailed inspection.

› the V5C vehicle registration

document (where appropriate)

› MOT receipt (where appropriate) 13

› operation manual (where supplied) › service record booklet (where supplied)

› any other documents relating to the vehicle and its equipment, eg certificate of recalibration, details of the audio equipment and any security codes

The inside should have been valeted and must be cleared of rubbish. If the vehicle contained a smoker’s pack, the ashtrays must be emptied and the cigarette lighter present.

Vehicle keys A full set of keys, including the spares and locking wheel-nut keys, should be returned if originally supplied.

PREVIOUS

CONTENTS

NEXT

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued)

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued) Paintwork, vehicle body, bumpers and trim There must be no rust, corrosion or discolouration on any painted area, including painted bumpers, body mouldings and mirrors. Repaired chips, scratches and dents are acceptable provided the work is completed to a professional standard by repairers who can provide full warranty on their work. Obvious evidence of poor repair, such as flaking paint, preparation marks, paint contamination, rippled finish or poorly matched paint, is not acceptable.

14

Chips Chips of 3mm or less in diameter are acceptable provided they are not rusted. A maximum of four chips on any panel, six chips per door edge and eight chips on any forward-facing panel is permitted. Dents Dents of 15mm or less in diameter are acceptable provided there are no more than two per panel and the paint surface is not broken.

Scratches Surface scratches of 25mm or less where the primer or bare metal is not showing are acceptable provided they can be polished out. A maximum of four surface scratches on one panel is acceptable. Measuring chips, dents and scratches

PREVIOUS

CONTENTS

NEXT

Chips within dents are not acceptable. Dents on the roof or on the swage line of any panel are not acceptable.

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued)


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued) Paintwork, vehicle body, bumpers and trim (continued) Unpainted mouldings and wheel arch trim Scuffs and scratches of 25mm or less are acceptable provided the moulding or trim is not broken, cracked or deformed.

15

Badges, emblems and labels Badges, emblems, labels, logos, advertising livery and wrapping applied by the customer to the bodywork or glass of the vehicle should be removed before returning the vehicle. Removing badges, emblems, labels, logos, advertising livery and wrapping must be done professionally and the vehicle returned to its original colour and condition unless otherwise agreed in writing with the vehicle leasing company. Any damage caused by fitting or removing badges, emblems, labels, logos, advertising livery and wrapping, including faded paintwork, is not acceptable.

Soft and hard top convertibles Convertible roofs must be fully operative and free from damage, rips and tears. The rear window must not be cracked or creased. Accessories originally supplied, eg wind deflectors, must be present and in good condition. Tow bars Tow bars must only be fitted with approval from the leasing company. If fitted, a tow bar must be in good, rust-free condition, with electrical connections that work properly.

PREVIOUS

CONTENTS

A ball cover must be in place. After-market accessories After-market accessories such as bonnet louvres, spoilers or body kits must only be fitted with approval from the leasing company.

NEXT

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued)

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued) Windows, glass, door mirrors and lamps Panoramic roofs The roof must be fully functioning, with no chips, cracks or holes. Surface scratches of 40mm or less are acceptable provided they can be polished out. Inner blinds must be returned in working order, if originally supplied.

16

Windows/windscreens Windows/windscreens must be in a condition capable of passing an MOT. Light scratching is acceptable provided it does not interfere with the driver’s line of sight and the heating elements and the ADAS (automated driver assistance systems) still work properly. The vehicle’s ADAS (automated driver assistance systems) must have been recalibrated according to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations if any component part, including windscreen(s) have been replaced. Damage in excess of 10mm in the driver’s line of vision (a vertical strip 290mm wide centred on the steering wheel), or in excess of 40mm elsewhere in the area swept by the vehicle’s wiper blades, is not acceptable (See diagram on page 18.)

Repaired damage is acceptable provided repairs are to a professional standard, repairs do not interfere with vision, and the work is warrantied. Windscreen wipers must be present, secure and in good condition so that they can clear the windscreen and give the driver a clear view of the road ahead. The washer reservoir must have sufficient liquid to clear the windscreen when working in conjunction with the windscreen wiper blades. Tinting of windows/windscreen must only be carried out with approval from the leasing company. Excessive tinting is not acceptable.

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025

PREVIOUS

CONTENTS

NEXT

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued)


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued) Windows, glass, door mirrors and lamps (continued) Max 10mm

290mm

Door mirrors Missing, cracked or damaged door mirror glass and housing units are not acceptable. If adjustable and/or heated door mirrors, they must work correctly.

Max 40mm

17 Centre of driver’s line of vision

The Driver’s Line of Vision Damage in excess of 10mm in the driver’s line of vision (a vertical strip 290mm wide centred on the steering wheel), or in excess of 40mm elsewhere in the area swept by the vehicle’s wiper blades, is NOT ACCEPTABLE.

Camera mirror systems must be intact and in working order if originally supplied. Damage to camera mirror systems is not acceptable.

Lamps and lenses All lamps and lamp units must work. Minor scuff marks or scratches of 25mm or less are acceptable. Holes or cracks in the glass or plastic covers of lamp units are not acceptable. Water ingress within lenses is not acceptable. Where fitted, the vehicle’s ADAS (automated driver assistance systems) must have been recalibrated following the replacement of a lamp or lamp unit.

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025

PREVIOUS

CONTENTS

NEXT

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued)


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued) Tyres and wheels

18

Tyre wear and damage All tyres, including any spare, must meet minimum UK legal requirements and comply with the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations of tyre type, class*, size and speed rating for the vehicle. Any replacement tyres must be to the same specification as those originally supplied on the vehicle.

There must be no damage to sidewalls or tread, or any cracking. Evidence of uneven wear due to under- or over-inflation or incorrect steering geometry is not acceptable. The following are typical examples of what happens to tyres if the above has occurred:

› Over-inflation = centre of tyre excessively worn

Tyre Labelling Regulations describe the performance of a vehicle’s tyres according to three factors:

› Under-inflation = both outer edges

FUEL EFFICIENCY (the tyre’s rolling resistance),

› Incorrect steering geometry = the

VEHICLE SAFETY (the tyre’s wet grip) and EXTERNAL ROLLING NOISE (expressed in decibels). Replacement tyres should be in the same class as those which are sold on the new vehicle.

of tyre unevenly worn

inner or the outer edge of the tyre unevenly worn.

and on alloy wheels/wheel hubs are acceptable.

Any damage to the wheel spokes, wheel fascia, or hub of the wheel/ alloy is not acceptable. There must be no rust or corrosion on the alloy wheels/wheel hubs. The spare wheel, including ‘spacesaver’ jack and other tools, must be intact, stowed properly and in good working order.

Wheels and wheel trims Dents on wheel rims and wheel trims are not acceptable.

The emergency tyre inflation kit, if supplied when new, should be in full working order, serviceable and ready for use.

Scuffs up to 50mm on the total circumference of the wheel rim

A canister that has been partially or fully discharged must be replaced.

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025

PREVIOUS

CONTENTS

NEXT

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued)


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued) Mechanical condition

19

Performance modifications

The vehicle should be returned in a safe, legal and reliable mechanical condition, capable of passing an MOT test.

to service the vehicle and/or failed to action warning messages from the vehicle management system:

The vehicle’s engine and brake management system should not be displaying any warning light, eg diesel particulate filter (DPF), tyre pressure system (TPS), or oil pressure. If a warning light is illuminated, the vehicle may not be driveable and the collection process abandoned, in which case a fee may be charged. Advisory illuminated alerts are acceptable, eg countdowns to the vehicle’s next service.

drums caused by excessive wear or metal to metal contact from worn out disc pads;

Fluid leaks such as oil, coolant and brake fluid are not acceptable. The following items are not acceptable fair wear and tear, because the customer has neglected

› brakes: eg grooved brake discs or

› engine: eg seized or damaged due

to running vehicle with insufficient coolant or oil, or with broken internal components;

Performance modifications must only be carried out with approval from the leasing company.

Vehicle underside Any impact damage to the vehicle’s underside is not acceptable. Catalytic converters not working because of obvious abuse or damage are not acceptable.

PREVIOUS

CONTENTS

› manual transmission:

eg clutch slipping, noisy clutch or gearbox, or excessively worn or ineffective synchromesh;

NEXT

› automatic transmission:

eg noisy gearbox or torque converter, abrupt gear changes, or loose gear linkage.

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued)


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued) Vehicle interior Passenger area, seats, headrests and trim The interior upholstery and trim must be clean and odourless with no burns, scratches, tears, dents or staining.

Measuring chips, dents, scratches and scuffs

Carpets should not have holes. All seats and headrests originally supplied must be present.

20

Interior fittings such as seat belts, rear view mirrors, courtesy lights, sun visors, door bins, etc, must be present, intact and free of damage.

PREVIOUS

Door aperture, boot, boot liner and luggage area Scratches on treads, sills and seals that reflect normal use are acceptable.

CONTENTS

Torn or split floor coverings and damaged surrounding trim panels are not acceptable. Accessories such as parcel shelves, load covers, boot liners, restraining straps and nets must be returned with the vehicle.

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025

NEXT

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued)


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

The BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Standard (continued) Equipment and controls In-car entertainment equipment, telephones, navigation systems and battery charging leads All original equipment, accessories and controls must be present and operate correctly (including satellite navigation discs, Secure Digital (SD) cards and remote units, headphones, battery charging leads, Bluetooth and other integrated systems).

21

Damage to electric vehicle battery charging leads, plugs and sockets is not acceptable. If originally supplied, both fast and slow charging leads must be present. All personal data such as home address, credit card details etc. should be removed from satellite navigation systems and on-board computers. A factory reset should be performed to ensure that personal data is not passed on to future vehicle owners.

If accessories or non-standard equipment have been wired-in or mounted on the dashboard, any holes or other damage must be neatly repaired when they are removed. Aerials must be left in place or the hole must be neatly repaired. Fuel caps and covers and fuel flaps must be present and intact if originally supplied. Driver safety equipment All original fitted electrical equipment, including reversing cameras, indirect vision cameras/camera mirror systems, adaptive speed controls, speed limiters and lamps, should be present and fully functioning. Any replacements fitted must be of a similar standard and specification to that originally supplied.

PREVIOUS

CONTENTS

NEXT

Glossary

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

Glossary ADR Alternative Dispute Resolution. The BVRLA’s service is approved under the Alternative Dispute Resolution for Consumer Disputes (Competent Authorities and Information) Regulations 2015.

22

Code of Conduct BVRLA rental and leasing members adhere to a mandatory Code of Conduct. This provides customers with the reassurance that the company they are dealing with is committed to delivering the highest industry standards of professionalism and best-practice. Full details can be found on the BVRLA website. Chip Removal of the surface material (glass or paintwork) in a concise area. Dent Deformation of the surface structure, usually caused by impact damage.

Scratch A mark or score with raised edges in the surface material glass or paintwork. Scuff Light scraping of top surface not penetrating base material. Smart Repair Small and medium area repair technique; a cost-effective way of repairing chips, dents and scratches. Space-saver Wheel Space-saver wheels are designed for temporary use, to get the driver to a place of repair. Swage Line Folded edge on a panel of the vehicle.

PREVIOUS

CONTENTS

NEXT

Warranty A written promise to repair or replace a component or to do a piece of work again if it is not satisfactory. About the BVRLA

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025


BVRLA Fair Wear & Tear Guide: Cars

About the BVRLA Established in 1967, the British Vehicle Rental & Leasing Association (BVRLA) is the UK trade body for companies engaged in vehicle rental, leasing and fleet management. The BVRLA represents over 1000 companies engaged in vehicle rental, leasing and fleet management. Our membership is responsible for a combined fleet of four million cars, vans and trucks – one-in-ten of all vehicles on UK roads.

23

BVRLA members represent the demand-side of the automotive industry, buying around 50% of new vehicles, including over 80% of those manufactured and sold in the UK. In doing so, they support almost 500,000 jobs, add £7.6bn in tax revenues and contribute £49bn to the UK economy each year. Together with our members, the association works with policymakers, public sector agencies, regulators, and other key stakeholders to ensure

that road transport delivers environmental, social and economic benefits to everyone. BVRLA membership provides customers with the reassurance that the company they are dealing with adheres to the highest standards of professionalism and fairness. The association achieves this by reinforcing industry standards and regulatory compliance via its mandatory Codes of Conduct, inspection regime, government-approved Alternative Dispute Resolution service and an extensive range of learning and development programmes.

Licensed by the BVRLA for use by Volvo Car Financial Services UK Ltd from 11 January 2024 until 10 January 2025

PREVIOUS

CONTENTS

NEXT


River Lodge

Bri sh Vehicle Rental & Leasing Associa on

Badminton Court Amersham Buckinghamshire www.bvrla.co.uk © COPYRIGHT 2022

HP7 0DD


Issuu converts static files into: digital portfolios, online yearbooks, online catalogs, digital photo albums and more. Sign up and create your flipbook.