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A little bit of history Piotrkowska- the main street

„Łódź Fabryczna” railway station

Łódź is beautiful. Its mysterious climate I like the most. Łódź made me start dreaming again David Lynch

A little bit of history... Stare Miasto (Old City) 1423

Nowe Miasto (New Town) 1821-1823

and the parcel

The city of Lodz was first granted the city rights in 1423. However, for centuries it remained a small settlement. The course of Lodz shifted in 1820, when it was decided to make the city a textile centre of the Kingdom. At the time city began to grow rapidly attracting people from across the Kingdom and the neighbourhood countries. New terrains were adopted to make the city development possible. Importantly, the economic growth of new settlements was possible due to proximity of small rivers, indispensible for fabric production. At first, Nowe Miasto (New Town) was built near of the Old City and along the most important city’s route Piotrkowska. At the time route connected the city with local production markets in Piotrkow, Łęczyca and others, facilitating Lodz’s economic expansion. New Town became a home and place of work for weavers.

f weavers

gardens o

Shortly after another weaver’s settlement emerged. Łódka was located further South, along the way to Piotrków. Thus, the meaning of the city’s main street was further enhanced. Soon it became the biggest linen and cotton production centre in Kingdom, contributing greatly to the entire success of the city.

Poznanski Palace

Plac Wolnosci

Wodny Rynek Ksiezy Mlyn ries

area of facto


Ślązaki 1828

nd cotton

l of linen a

er’s parce

f linen and

o r’s parcel

the weave the spinn

Łódka 1824-1827

Nowa Dzielnica (New District) 1840

Nowa Łódka 1827

Another expansion took place in 1940, when Nowa Dzielnica (New District) was established. The settlements mentioned so far were carefully planned. Before erection, their streets, squares, markets, parcels and gardens were mapped out. In contrary later development was more spontaneous and hasty. New factories were added on available pieces of land regardless of “balanced” development. In fact the city’s grid is fairly regular in the centre and more organic as moving to the outskirts.

Ksiezy Mlyn

Significantly, for the industrial expansion era, the factory owners were aware of the new lifestyle that was created for those who committed themselves to work in factories. Frequently “citites within the cities” were created that contained production facility as well as homes, schools, hospitals, shops, parks for factory workers and their families. Many examples of such complexes can be found in Lodz. One of them is Księży Młyn, which in fact is one of the greatest preserved industrial complexes in the world. While your stay in Lodz, please pay attention to the other relicts of the industrial era. Some of them are transformed into new functions like houses, hotels, and commercial centres. Others still await re-definition.

Piotrkowska-the main street

Fot. Tomasz Stańczak/Agencja Gazeta

As elaborated above, Piotrkowska Street is historically the most important street in the city. Below it is explained how it has evolved to it’s current form and how it has functioned over the centuries.

buildings evolution E.Czyżewska, based on J.Salm,J.Wesołowski„Przewodnik po Łodzi” Łódź, 1992

parcel-concentration of buildings E.Czyżewska, based on J.Salm,J.Wesołowski„Przewodnik po Łodzi” Łódź, 1992

Piotrkowska street- hundred years ago-click the link below

Łódź Fabryczna railway station Poznanski Palace/Manufaktura Plac Wolnosci

Fabryczna railway station

Łódź Fabryczna railway station


Ksiezy Mlyn

ska stre


Wodny Rynek

part of the city plan: relation between Piotrkowska street and the railway station

To facilitate the export and import of the industrial city of Lodz, railway station was built in the proximity of factories and weaver’s settlements. The station, built in 1848,became one of the stop of the direct rail connection from Vienna to Warsaw. Currently the site is under construction. The historic station has been torn down. Soon it will be replaced by a modern structure.

the shortest route for pedestrian tramways


The construction of the new railway station is part of the greater concept. The project Nowe Centrum Lodzi (New City Centre) has emerged in the 2007. The city’s council plan is to revitalize the entire district around the railways station, about 90 hectares large. The coherence with the nearby regions shall be achieved – especially with Piotrkowska Street. The time alone will tell, weather this vision will be accomplished.

text: D.Dudek, based on: J. Podolska, “Golden Book od Lodz”, Galatyka-Bonechi, 2006 M.Koter, „Geneza Układu Przestrzennego Łodzi Przemysłowej” PWN 1969



comparing-west entrance

visualisation of one of a concepts for the new station (from

photos from Fabryczna railway station-click the link below

around the railway station

around the railway station

made by e.czyzewska&m.drozdowska&d.dudek









20 13 ga te


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and see u in Lodz (;

thanks for your attention

presentation about lodz  

information about lodz

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