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A little bit of history Piotrkowska- the main street
„Łódź Fabryczna” railway station
Łódź is beautiful. Its mysterious climate I like the most. Łódź made me start dreaming again David Lynch
A little bit of history... Stare Miasto (Old City) 1423
Nowe Miasto (New Town) 1821-1823
and the parcel
The city of Lodz was first granted the city rights in 1423. However, for centuries it remained a small settlement. The course of Lodz shifted in 1820, when it was decided to make the city a textile centre of the Kingdom. At the time city began to grow rapidly attracting people from across the Kingdom and the neighbourhood countries. New terrains were adopted to make the city development possible. Importantly, the economic growth of new settlements was possible due to proximity of small rivers, indispensible for fabric production. At first, Nowe Miasto (New Town) was built near of the Old City and along the most important city’s route Piotrkowska. At the time route connected the city with local production markets in Piotrkow, Łęczyca and others, facilitating Lodz’s economic expansion. New Town became a home and place of work for weavers.
Shortly after another weaver’s settlement emerged. Łódka was located further South, along the way to Piotrków. Thus, the meaning of the city’s main street was further enhanced. Soon it became the biggest linen and cotton production centre in Kingdom, contributing greatly to the entire success of the city.
Wodny Rynek Ksiezy Mlyn ries
area of facto
l of linen a
f linen and
o r’s parcel
the weave the spinn
Nowa Dzielnica (New District) 1840
Nowa Łódka 1827
Another expansion took place in 1940, when Nowa Dzielnica (New District) was established. The settlements mentioned so far were carefully planned. Before erection, their streets, squares, markets, parcels and gardens were mapped out. In contrary later development was more spontaneous and hasty. New factories were added on available pieces of land regardless of “balanced” development. In fact the city’s grid is fairly regular in the centre and more organic as moving to the outskirts.
Significantly, for the industrial expansion era, the factory owners were aware of the new lifestyle that was created for those who committed themselves to work in factories. Frequently “citites within the cities” were created that contained production facility as well as homes, schools, hospitals, shops, parks for factory workers and their families. Many examples of such complexes can be found in Lodz. One of them is Księży Młyn, which in fact is one of the greatest preserved industrial complexes in the world. While your stay in Lodz, please pay attention to the other relicts of the industrial era. Some of them are transformed into new functions like houses, hotels, and commercial centres. Others still await re-definition.
Piotrkowska-the main street
Fot. Tomasz StaĹ„czak/Agencja Gazeta
As elaborated above, Piotrkowska Street is historically the most important street in the city. Below it is explained how it has evolved to it’s current form and how it has functioned over the centuries.
buildings evolution E.Czyżewska, based on J.Salm,J.Wesołowski„Przewodnik po Łodzi” Łódź, 1992
parcel-concentration of buildings E.Czyżewska, based on J.Salm,J.Wesołowski„Przewodnik po Łodzi” Łódź, 1992
Piotrkowska street- hundred years ago-click the link below http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GAnBDlKi3xo&list=PL399FE3E1EF4B6037&index=3
Łódź Fabryczna railway station Poznanski Palace/Manufaktura Plac Wolnosci
Fabryczna railway station
Łódź Fabryczna railway station
part of the city plan: relation between Piotrkowska street and the railway station
To facilitate the export and import of the industrial city of Lodz, railway station was built in the proximity of factories and weaverâ€™s settlements. The station, built in 1848,became one of the stop of the direct rail connection from Vienna to Warsaw. Currently the site is under construction. The historic station has been torn down. Soon it will be replaced by a modern structure.
the shortest route for pedestrian tramways
The construction of the new railway station is part of the greater concept. The project Nowe Centrum Lodzi (New City Centre) has emerged in the 2007. The city’s council plan is to revitalize the entire district around the railways station, about 90 hectares large. The coherence with the nearby regions shall be achieved – especially with Piotrkowska Street. The time alone will tell, weather this vision will be accomplished.
text: D.Dudek, based on: J. Podolska, “Golden Book od Lodz”, Galatyka-Bonechi, 2006 M.Koter, „Geneza Układu Przestrzennego Łodzi Przemysłowej” PWN 1969
OLD RAILWAY STATION
NEW RAILWAY STATION
visualisation of one of a concepts for the new station (from www.dworzec.lodz.pl)
photos from Fabryczna railway station-click the link below http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F9AVtlMTSyg&list=PL399FE3E1EF4B6037&index=2
around the railway station
around the railway station
made by e.czyzewska&m.drozdowska&d.dudek
TY ,L O
20 13 ga te
ci ty, lo d
and see u in Lodz (;
thanks for your attention