Issuu on Google+

Index Sr. No.

Article

Written By

Page #

1

Faces of the Facebook

Sushama Sawant

5

2

Education - A Continuous Process

Radha Nair

8

3

A Change for the Better...

Vina Cardoza

10

4

Homework

Mohini Redkar

13

5

Creativity and Habit

Munira Shaikh

15

6

Should Examinations be Abolished?

Khushboo Kohli

17

7

Education & Its Impact

Sudha Sherigar

19

8

Teaching 4 Joy

Debi Masand

20

9

Education - Moving Ahead

Seema Sabharwal

21

10

A Rare Gem

Sunita Tejwani

23

11

Art - Then and Now

Nita Minawala

25

12

Learning to Learn

Joylet Gonsalves

27

13

The Essence of Education

Kulvinder Aujla

28

14

Teaching

Nitika Mehta

29

15

Discovery Learning

Nilima Saraf

30


Index

2

Sr. No.

Article

Written By

Page #

16

Faces of Education

Vandana Thakur

31

17

Learning Dialogue

Joshna Braganza

33

18

Educhange

Anjali Salian

35

19

Transformation

Sheetal Shah

36

20

Phases of Education

Eureka Ferreira

39

21

Language Key to Success

Harpreet Kaur Gidda

43

22

Importance - Education or Experience

Savita Rathi

45

23

Let us Change

Sylvia Soans

47

24

Past, Present and Future of Sports

Vidya Magadum

49

25

My Fruitful Experience

Shailaja Sreedharan

51

26

My Overwhelming Experience

Mamta Choudhary

52

27

Progress via Education

Sabina Coutinho

54

28

Student —Teacher Relationship

Munira Dahodwala

55

29

Change with Time

Parveen Vakil

56

30

Education System Needs a Revolution

Venissa D'Silva

58


Index Sr. No.

3

Article

Written By

Page #

31

Gurukul to eGuru.com

Saugata Ghosal

61

32

An Insight Into the Current Education System

Gurdeep Kaur Aujla

63

33

Futuristic Education

Dhanashree Vijayakar

65

34

Changes in the Education System

Sakina Ujjainwala

66

35

The Happy Man’s Shirt

Gloria Menezes

68

36

Education and its Importance

Mrudula Phatak

69

37

Revolution in Education

Sharda Shettiyar

70

38

Views on Education…

Sujata Maghade

71

39

बत ू ,लततभान एलॊ बवलष्म भें शळषा का स्थान

ळोबा शवॊश

73

40

शभाये दे ळ की शळषा प्रणारी

नॉन्वी डडवील्ला

75

41

वभमानव ु ाय शळषा प्रणारी भें फदराल

वोनी शवॊश

77

42

वलद्माथाांची आजची गयज – शळस्त

ऋतज ु ा थऱकय

79


4


Faces of the Facebook We often see our children using Facebook, MySpace, Twitter and other social networking sites to communicate with the people who are important to them (at least those who are signed into the same network). But like many things that kids are passionate about, there are detractors to social networking. When it comes to kids and teens, an Oxford University study states that social networking has bad effects on the kids' intelligence - & the damage could be long-term and irrevocable.  There is hardly any concentration skills required in participating in these social networking sites, and these train the brain to have poor attention span.  Kids are detracted from learning to communicate in the real world. There are reports from teachers that social networking is helping them adapt to new technology but affecting kids‘ comprehension levels. Also, if kids communicate primarily through the screen they do not learn the subtleties of real life communication - such as body language, tone of voice, and subconsciously sensing the sentiments and emotions of people.  Social networking sites make kids more self-centered. Since Facebook and other sites give kids their own page which is about them, it leads to some vulnerable kids to think that everything revolves around them, a precursor for emotional problems in their later life. This might also result in inability to empathize.

5


6

 

 

These sites may make kids prone to sensationalism. Paediatricians observe that some teens suffer from "Facebook depression". After spending a lot of time on Facebook and other popular social networking sites, some teens become anxious and moody. Also, a vulnerable teen may suffer from depression when he reads great things happening to his friends, and his life is not so great in comparison. Teens who experience "Facebook depression" usually have trouble with social interactions. For kids and teens in social networks, there are no spelling and grammar rules. In fact it is cool to misspell and not make sense. Less sophisticated children will find it hard to differentiate between social networking communication and real world communication. In fact many teachers are complaining that social networking communication with misspellings and lack of grammar are seeping through students‘ school writings. Screen relationships detract from spending time in real life relationships. Social networks are fertile grounds for bad influencers. Kids and teens may have a negative effect on emotional health when abused by cyberbullies. For kids who crave attention, Facebook and other social network becomes a venue for them to act out. These kids may make inappropriate statements, pictures and videos that could affect their life.


7

However, if the parent / teacher limits using Facebook to propel students‘ knowledge, for example, by participating in a Facebook group created by a teacher for students of a particular class, then the social network may have a positive influence on education and spark the student‘s interest in learning certain subject matter. When this happens, Facebook can be a boon to education, actively engaging students in the pursuit of knowledge.


Education - A Continuous Process After our teacher training, we are all geared up, excited and want to put all that we have learnt into practice. Thus, we focus on how to teach a particular subject well. We use innovative teaching aids, power point presentations etc. All the while focusing on the subject at hand. We see the students in front of us as ‗a bunch of students who need to be taught a certain content within a given period of time. Curriculum and completion of the syllabus is of prime importance. We do not know each child individually. After a couple of years into teaching, I realized that as a teacher I should know my children first. A good teacher knows their students well, and becomes tuned not only to their educational but emotional needs as well. They treat each child differently according to their needs and rejoice in the special skills and talents of each one, working hard at developing each pupil to its full potential. I need to spend time in getting to know each child well. Once this happens, my teaching also goes on smoothly. I am able to personalize the whole process and make learning more meaningful. Thus good teaching lies in the ability to reach students and motivate them to learn, regardless of their background or ability and good teachers are for the most part, born, not made. It is thus the teacher who is the key to good teaching. Good teachers give birth to good learning.

8


9

What makes a good teacher? The answer we know is not only in techniques, theories and equipment or in changes in curriculum. We as teachers realize this only after a while. Amazing, isn't it, that none of these qualities has anything to do with technology. Good teachers are good teachers inspite of technology, curriculum changes, and popular methods. Along the way, we have forgotten that personal attributes of commitment and passion have more to do with teaching than technology. To put it simply, the shift has to be from ―I teach English to John‖ to ―I teach John English‖ thus placing the pupil above the subject that needs to be taught. Such a simple fact but takes us a long time to assimilate. ‗The best teachers teach from the heart, not from the book‘ ~Author Unknown


A Change for the Better... From the past fifteen years I have observed the workings and goings on of the school. I look back to my years as a teacher with interest. I enjoyed teaching so much that I decided I wanted to spend my life with students. This led me to look at the school system, its values and its goals in a new light. Through the years, I have seen the National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT) try to provide "balanced textbooks" and helpful supplementary texts. Yet problems like emphasis on memorizing certain paragraphs from books and evaluation on the basis of "bookish knowledge" still persist. In the past students learned from the teacher. Facts were learned from text books. Learning took place in the classroom. Teachers asked questions and students answered them. Information about faraway places was found in books. At present students learn from the teacher, each other, the internet and books. Students learn through inquiry. They ask questions, wonder, explore, experiment and investigate new ideas. They make online global connections and learn about faraway places directly from people who live in them! Here‘s an example, where one thing lead to another in our very own school ‌

10


11

The ISA project taken up by the school involved children in connecting with children from UK and our children soon had pen pals. Isn‘t that wonderful? Having a real life experience instead of reading about the UK culture in books! We have established a connection between them and our Std V children. Our children learned that there are children just like them faraway in another country. They answered the questions sent to them by their new friends in UK and thereby began an ongoing conversation‌ During our regular study circle meetings I do stress on the fact that learning can happen better in the outside environment than in the closed walls of the classroom. For example: Just getting students to select stones of different shapes develops observation skills in students. Giving children an outline of a poem and giving them freedom to express their thoughts will help them develop their poetic skills. Planning student oriented activities will always give fruitful results. What else do we as teachers want? All we have to do is make use of all the latest teaching techniques to make teaching learning a joyful experience.


12

I can imagine the immediate future, since there are many inspiring educators who are already way ahead of our school in creating global connections and collaborating across the world in all sorts of exciting ways. I continually marvel at the difference between my education and that of my students. Educators must continue to improve their thinking on students learning outside the classroom. With one small gesture you can change a person‘s life. God has put us here as teachers with a special purpose. Let‘s strive hard to achieve it. The pupil can only educate himself. Teachers are the custodians of apparatus upon which he himself must turn and twist to acquire the excellencies that distinguish the better from the poorer of God's vessels. ~Martin H. Fischer


Homework What . . . now?!! It‘ll have to wait… I have made plans with my friends ! Can I do it in the morning ? Can you help me ? This is a familiar conversation between parents and children who needs to complete their homework. Usually class work is considered more important than homework. But is that true? Why is homework as important as class work? Homework is important because it is at the meeting point between home and school. It serves as an opening through which one can observe a child‘s education and express positive attitudes towards them and their education. As children grow older, homework and the amount of time engaged in homework, increases in importance. For teachers homework is a cost effective way to provide additional instruction in practice. Homework provides practice and ensures 100% participation in learning tasks. Homework also can improve child‘s achievement. Thus, it is important that the child completes his/ her homework accurately. It would not only increase the child‘s general knowledge but help to improve the grades too. It would also help to gain mastery of basic academic skills such as reading, writing, spelling and mathematics. Homework has other benefits too. It helps to make the child responsible as to bring an assignment home, to gather and organize necessary materials to complete and submit the assignment. Time management skills are also enhanced.

13


14

There is also a scope for development of personal skills such as time management by completing homework on time. When the child completes his / her homework it can certainly become a stepping stone to better relationship between the teacher and taught and also the parent and the child. It also provides an opportunity for parents to know what their child is learning. Thus, homework can play a pivotal role in keeping parents informed about class activities. Homework can also fulfill an administrative role in helping schools achieve their overall mission of improving student‘s achievement. Homework is a bridge that joins the school and parents. From the school ‘s perspective it is an effective tool which can be used to monitor a student's independent progress. For the parents it helps them to gauge the potential of their child and gives them a chance to express their happiness towards their child ‘s achievement. Homework is an essential part of a child‘s education and an effective and efficient tool which helps to enhance family relationships.


Creativity and Habit I believe that the most useful attitude to strengthening creativity is to think in terms of being a creative process within you, rather than only thinking of art and craft making as a creative form of expression. Part of the nature of a creative process is experimentation and adapting to what is happening in your craft making or artistic process. To be in a creative frame of mind relies on being flexible and freshly responsive in the way you relate to what you are doing. The antithesis of a creative process is mechanical repetition and going through the motions. An analogy is being on Auto –pilot. You have set the course and your fingers just do it automatically. In a way you are not there doing it, there is a quality of being absent. When habit is active you not really making a choice, the habit is making the choices, it has it‘s own course. In a way there is nothing new in habit it is same old story over and again. When you are in habitual pattern you are not making true choices moment to moment. It is so much more satisfying to use craft-making to be vividly engaged and have a sense of real choice. I think there is a useful distinction between habit and conscious routines. You can set up your tools and materials the same way every time but still have a sense of freshness and immediacy in what you do, but doing it on automatic is habit and will set you off on the wrong foot for the project.

15


Should Examinations be Abolished? Should Examinations be Abolished???? Much may be said about the system of examinations at present. The main complain about the prevailing system is that it encourages memorizing rather than clear thinking or understanding. Some educationists point out that the intelligence of the candidate is not properly tested by the essay pattern of questions. It is wrongly felt by them that the present System of examinations should be abolished altogether. This seems to be an irresponsible attitude towards the entire educational problem. Abolition is hardly a solution for the defective system of examinations. The actual solution lies in finding out proper remedies for the existing defects. Objective type questions have already been introduced in almost very subject to which memorized answers cannot apply. The candidate has to compare, think and judge for himself when faced with multiple- choice questions. We must not forget that examinations are held not only test the intelligence but also the intellect of the candidate. Intelligence is Nature‘s gift to us and intellect is the use we make of it. If quickness alone is to be the criterion, then a police dog would always get the first prize.

17


18

Another serious problem in the context of examinations is that of numbers. We are a nation of sixty crore people and a few crores of these have to be annually tested and assessed for the various job opportunities that are available. When we are confronted with the problem of numbers, it would be a folly on our part to do away with examinations, particularly when no better system for a perfect assessment of a candidate‘s merit exists. Today the student population has some respect for the printed page, for there is a healthy fear of the ensuing examinations. The main defect is with the system of teaching, because today education has become and infective attempt by incomprehensible material into ignorant minds. No wonder that qualified brains of today resemble wooden shelves tightly packed with leather-bound volumes of second –hand information. Even memory work is to be condemned because the faculty of memorizing forms an essential part of intelligence. Finally, we may say that examinations should be reformed by all means, but not abolished altogether.


Education & Its Impact Education is a qualification that can change lives all over the world. In the olden days people were not educated and hence never realized the importance of education in one‘s life. They also gave importance to boys‘ education over girls as they believed that boys will be the bread earners in the family in future. Girls were withdrawn from schools to work in fields and work as child labourers to support their families. As a result many girls were left uneducated. Also due to lack of schools, untrained teachers and far off colleges made education difficult. Girls needed to be educated as they would be mothers who have to impart values and manners to their children. Therefore girls have to be educated spiritually, intellectually and emotionally. Education opens up a new horizon, gives us confidence to face the ever-changing world around us. It gives us the power to think rationally, logically, practically and make correct decisions for ourselves and our family. It connects us with the outside world. It helps us in becoming independent, pursue careers in which ever field they like. Education broadens our way of thinking and we think of the welfare of the society as well. It makes us civilized and gives us an opportunity to contribute to the economic growth of the country. We say that the children are the future of the nation and education is the birthright of every child but in our country 95% of children are deprived of quality education, the educated ones need to be more charitable in its approach and perhaps start schools, train teachers, make the profession better paid and provide proper infrastructure to cater to the needs of the hugely deprived majority in our villages and city slums.

19


Teaching 4 Joy My experience of teaching in the Primary Section was quite different from that in the Secondary. I was appointed as the class teacher of Std. I-C. As teaching methodology varied in the lower classes, it was more of play way method and learning by doing. It was fun with the kids teaching all the subjects like Math, EVS, English, Art and craft. Interaction in the class with the kids was a different one as they expressed their views freely. I enjoyed conducting activities in the class as children had various ways to exhibit their talents. I learnt how to patiently deal with them. It is rightly said that the teaching process is both teaching as well as learning.

20


Education - Moving Ahead The purpose of education is important to the development and competitiveness of a country‘s economy. A country is as good as the quality of intellectuals it produces. The teacher of a school has much to be proud of. She/he guides students through their formative years & sets them up for becoming future lawyers, doctors, engineers, politicians, corporate leaders, sportsmen, scientists, etc. The main purpose of education is o produce good and productive citizens. It is the educated people who form a civilized society. One of the greatest philosophers of 20th century, Shri J. Krishnamurti, also believed that the way we teach our children impacts the future of our society. Caught in the rat race children often lose out on the best years of their lives as they fight to score highest marks, only to forget what they studied. India‘s ancient teachings have shown why values should be made a part of every system of education. The underlying and universal hunt for happiness can be taught to children. It will save them much unhappiness in life. Education should teach children how they do things is more important than what they do. Today, the formal education has become a matter of training the intellects of children; of training them for later employment; of stuffing their minds with facts & more facts. Education should not lose its essential purposefulness. One of the reasons for childhood suicides could be that children have no higher purpose to believe in. They are at a very tender age. Children are keen observers. They want their teachers to be essence of all that is good. Teachers are their heroes. So the teachers must embrace good values, merit, honesty, and hard work.

21


22

Today the curriculum is being constantly revised so that it brings out the best in education. However, the curriculum should be interactive and encourage lots of questions from the students. That is how we can uncover the extra-ordinary curiosity among children to question and dream of big ideas. Today‘s children are likely to become leaders in their chosen walk of life tomorrow. Unless they are taught to write well and speak correct English in clear diction and pronunciation, all the good things that they have learnt in the classroom cannot be used by them to influence others. There should be more use of technology to have interactive sessions. There should be problem solving in each subject. The students would gain confidence to tackle actual problems in the world outside the school. A teacher‘s task is not only to engage student‘s imagination but also to convince them that they are people of worth who can do something in the world. Progress is all about positive but tough change. Such changes require good citizens with leadership qualities. Ensure that the children work smart and not just hard. In a bid to give children a childhood that they can remember with fondness schools should attempt to break free from the shackles of the competitive environment in which we live and help children learn in a atmosphere of warmth and love.


A Rare Gem Each year as a new academic session begins in the month of June each teacher wonders about the batch of students she or he is going to deal with the whole year. As the students settle down, the teacher begins to discover the strengths and weaknesses of each of her or his students. In the very first week of reopening I noticed a boy who would just write the first few letters of the word and then just draw or scribble on his worksheet. I soon realized that he had difficulty with his vision due to which he was unable to copy from the chalkboard or the book. The only way to make him understand was that when a particular concept was being explained he was supposed to just listen attentively. During the sessions in the classroom he slowly opened up and realized that worksheet completion was not his aim but to know and understand the concepts taught was important for him. By end of July he was able to solve simple sums and also answer simple objective type of questions. But, when he came to know that there would be formal exams in Std V he was scared and voiced his concern that he would fail for he very well understood that reading and writing the paper for an exam on his own was a mammoth task for him. When he was told that a writer would be provided his anxieties were put to rest and enthusiastically began preparing for the forthcoming exam.

23


24

As the year went by he picked up the concepts, started making attempts to write and participated wholeheartedly in classroom discussions. On the last day of final exams as all students were leaving the school premises this boy stood till all the other students could leave and slowly walked up to me and said, ― I am not going to see you anymore‖ and started sobbing. I just comforted him and wished him all the best for the future. I felt that the time had stood still and it dawned upon me that this child was a rare gem who by his sheer presence made every individual feel his worth. He knew his weakness and worked upon it to achieve what he wanted to. He was the one to remind us of the lesson - not only hard work but perseverance is the real key to success. I shall never forget this rare gem ....


Art - Then and Now Art education continues to be influenced by Greek attitudes towards the arts and their place in education. During the time of antiquity, the arts were valued as an important part of culture but are not seen as a major component in the education of young aristocrats. Instead, artists were trained in family workshops through an apprenticeship system. During the classical era, a large scale patronage system flourished. By Hellenistic times, collecting art was an established practice. Drawing classes were a major component in education, however, when the Romans took charge, art became less important. The vast period in time known as the Middle Ages is generally marked by the fall of Rome in 476 BC and continued until about 1450 AD. Most early art of this time period was created by monks and nuns of medieval monasteries. The development of monastery workshops, craft guilds, apprenticeships and workshop treaties offer some of the earliest methods of arts instruction in teh western world. The Italian Renaissance marks a major turning point in the history of art education. Present day conceptions about fine arts versus crafts can be traced back to the Renaissance. The artist, now viewed as a genius, causes a key transformation in the structure of education. Students are taught to value the beauty in poetry, drama, music and aesthetics which becomes a major component to the schooling of the artist. Classical ideologies about education come to full circle during the Renaissance. Academics, which are too different from today‘s art institutes, began to spread throughout Italy. Here, students and masters gather together to draw, paint, learn about new techniques and to discuss philosophy. By the seventeenth century the empirical sciences began to take precedence over the arts and art education transformed once again.

25


Learning to Learn There was a student in my class named Gia, who disliked coming to school. Everyday she would come crying to the class. This happened for nearly a month. I, as a teacher, would feel helpless in handling her. I discussed her behaviour with my co-ordinator, who advised me to make her understand. I started giving more than required attention to her, thinking that she would thus develop a liking for school. I even started appreciating and encouraging her. Slowly and gradually I realised that Gia had learnt to interact with me and soon took a liking to me. She was quiet open in her conversation with me and started sharing her day to day experiences. We bonded well for the rest of the year and that left me confident hoping to build many more teacher student relationships that would create a sense of satisfaction as a teacher.

27


The Essence of Education Education is to draw the best in the children and to develop their faculties. Education is a complicated affair as it is supposed to equip children for life. Since life styles are always changing the content of education must also be changed accordingly. The school is supposed to provide necessary experiences to the child. When a child leaves the school , he may lead a useful life. True education is 3 dimensional and should cater to the needs of the body, the mind and spirit. It is the third dimension‖ culture of soul ‖ which is missing in our education system. The third component is value based .Value oriented education which is assimilated by exposure to the humanistic discipline, literature and philosophy, religion etc. Such an exposure will humanize the students, raise them to a higher level and make them alive to deeper values. As it is rightly said in the Chinese Proverb If you plan for a year, plant rice If you plan for 10 years, plant trees If you plant for 100 years , educate your child.

28


Teaching Each teacher can recount numerous highs and lows in her teaching career. Personally, I experienced many great moments while teaching. These were the days when I ended so happy and enthusiastic that I knew I had selected the right profession. On the other hand, I had days where I definitely questioned teaching as a career. Days where the students seemed uninterested, too talkative, or worse a blow up occurred and nothing got taught. Thankfully the average combined with the positive days outshines my negative days. Through my 4 years of teaching and working in education, one event stands above the rest as my absolute best teaching experience. Through it I learned so much about teaching and dealing with students. My hope is that the student involved was at least partially changed for the better from the experience as I was. I'm sure that many of you have wonderful teaching experiences like mine that you would like to share. I would love it if you would share these teaching experiences with me and other teachers so that we can pull inspiration from your experiences.

29


Discovery Learning In the recent years India has witnessed a great deal of globalization and modernization. Almost all the sectors have been influenced by these processes and the field of education is one of them. Many progressive changes have come about in the field of higher education. However, the concept of school education in India seems to have been almost untouched by the processes. Most of the schools in India still follow the traditional method of education, where the teacher has the role of a giver and the pupils take the role of passive receivers. Pupils are still clinging to the age old system of ‗Rote Learning‘. The teacher in most of the cases does not give the pupils a chance to think and analyze by themselves. Children learn best through interaction and involvement in whatever they are learning. It is very important for a child to talk to other students, produce ideas, make decisions and draw their own conclusions. This system is called ‗Discovery Learning‘. The technique works on the principle that children like finding things out, they should be given an opportunity to interpret things or a situation in their own way. Discovery Learning refers to those teaching situations in which student achieves instructional objectives with limited or no guidance from the teacher. The Discovery Learning method is perfect for certain analytical subjects like history and literature. This method develops the reasoning abilities within the child. Thus, the curriculum of every school in India should incorporate Discovery Learning.

30


Faces of Education The word education means energy, discipline and unity, you gain confidence through it, you achieve your aim with the help of your talent it diverts you to take interest to do something different and gives you an opportunity to prove yourself and make you aware of your rights and duties ,develops the sense of nationality making you a perfect individual. Education can be defined as the art or process of imparting skill and knowledge. It plays an important role in the development of a nation and an individual. ―Education is the movement from darkness to light‖ as rightly said by Allan Bloom. Education in the past was a difficult task. We have heard from our grandparents or great grandparents how they used to walk miles in the heat of summer, rain water and in winter to reach school. In those days each individual was given equal amount of personal help from the teachers. One teacher use to teach all the subjects. With limited subjects and syllabus, life was not as complicated as it is now. Nowadays, school is not only a place to learn but it‘s a place to feel stressed. Students are pressurized by their teachers, parents and peers to score higher grades. Its human nature to succeed but it‘s a heavy load to handle for the students. With the changing system of education students may not like school, they may think that school is a waste of time; we may not like school, but it will always benefit us in the long run. The future education is changing rapidly. New classes are starting to emerge from the midst of old traditional classes, it may be hard for some of us to face but some students just cannot learn the way as our parents did.

31


32

Today, students need more hands on projects. They need things they can relate to the real world. Other than just learning concepts, we should be able to learn how, when and why we should apply those concepts into everyday things. We need to find ways to import traditional methods into futuristic teaching and use the traditional way of educating as a building base for new methods in education. It can relate to a table, the new methods of educating being the legs and the traditional way the table top. You need both the legs and the table top before you can have a complete table. If you take one piece away you are left with a worthless pile of wood, but when you combine all the pieces together, the table begins to have some use and worth to it. It reminds me words of G. K. Chesterton words who rightly said ―Education is simply the soul of a society as it passes from one generation to another‖. Education is something that has the biggest value of anything in the world. It is an ideal that without it, we would never be able to live the way we do today.


Learning Dialogue After a few years of teaching in class, a teacher may still find it difficult to reach out entirely to a crowd of children. At least there will be one out of fifty who will challenge one‘s way of teaching. I had a recent experience in one of my classes, wherein the students had to come forward and speak two dialogues or a paragraph on narration with diction and expression. They were given ample of time to practise in class and at home. At the end of four weeks, the students showed a lot of enthusiasm as they came up one by one to speak. Just then one of them came up for his turn. I waited for a moment to give him time for mental readiness and then uttered, ‗Action.‘ ‗What should I say?‘ he asked ‗Say the dialogue that you have learnt,‘ I replied. ‗What is a dialogue?‘ he questioned back. Boom! I stood with eyes wide open with an exclamation look on my face, wondering as to whether I had missed out something. I had taken ample of time to explain the matter and had done the recap too... Then he gave me his innocent smile. My patience was tested by this child. It shocked me that all this while he had been watching his classmates perform and could have easily imitated them but he did not. I pursued his case. Initially he seemed quite distracted as he did not understand verbal instructions in English. He was a new student in school facing difficulty in understanding and speaking the language. He also required a lot of individual attention. Two weeks later, when I stepped into his class, he rose up and asked,‘ Miss, when will you call me? I‘m ready with my dialogue.‖ ―When faced with a challenge, look for a way, not a way out.‖ - David Weatherford

33


35

Educhange Wish I could change the system And bring some rhythm To teach English Math Geography with innovative choreography. Teaching Science with Appliance Changing classroom to space room Taking students to the moon will be a big boon which will come very soon. Taking them to the wild With a jungle guide To see them roar And help them learn more.

Teaching them History by taking them to ancient dynasty. From Stone age to Modern age. And getting them the courage to live with this age. Teaching them Numbers And awakening them from slumber With jingling of coins and geometrical lines to join.


Transformation Education plays an important role in the development of a nation as well as in the development of an individual. Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today. Education : In the past, present and the future has created a process in itself in this competitive world. Past : In the past, education was a gift, a charity that parents as well as children appreciated. During those days education was achieved orally, through observation and imitation. It was a training given for the completeness of life and the moulding of character of men and women for the battle of life. It was also sought as the means of self-realization and as the means to the highest end of life. Becoming a doctor or an engineer during those days took years to study and thus dedication was needed. There was pride and honour associated with the degree. The cost of education during those days was high but morally it was immeasurable. Education was freely available in the past but it became discriminatory as the caste system slowly started evolving.

36


37

Present : In the present, education has become a commodity, a necessity. Parents urge their children to take up a degree that will earn them the maximum salary. Literacy today includes the traditional literacy such as reading and writing as well as the technological literacy. Every Tom, Dick and Harry is a doctor, engineer, computer programmer, etc. Education is no longer considered a gift, no longer given dedication. As long as the marks are high entrance is taken into top schools and degrees achieved from foreign countries. The end goal is a high-paid salary, because of which tuition classes have become very common in our community. The cost of education of the present is such that most of them can attain a fairly good education but students are in a rat race struggling for top positions which lead to a burnout, depression or even suicides in extreme cases, if they fail in their attempts.


38

Future : The future is something I worry about. The way our education system is, how will our future generation turn out? Will they only see education as the ends to means or will they cherish the knowledge they gain. Will education ever become fun again, a curiosity burning to learn and answer the why‘s and how‘s of a question. Morally, I hope to find a generation that thinks beyond what‘s taught to them. Also, considering the present scenario, education in coming days is going to get dearer. On one hand we speak of educating all the children and on the other hand the basic as well as specialized education is getting pricey. What does one do? Where do we go? Whom do we blame? How do we deal with this topic? Somewhere we have to take ownership to curb the over pricing of at least basic education so there is 100% literacy in our country. Sounds very idealistic but if we don‘t start now we can only then continue cribbing forever. So, let‘s join our hands for a better future in education for not just 1 or 2, but ALL THE CHILDREN. It is today, we must start creating the world of our future.


Phases of Education Education, without it we would all be mindless wonders wandering around the globe. Education is an important factor in our lives but the past, present and future of education is changing. In the past, education was plain and simple. In the past students learned from the teacher. Facts were learned from text books. Learning took place in the classroom. Teachers asked questions and students answered them. Information about far away places was found in books. The Vedas, Puranas, Ayurveda, Yoga, Kautilya's Arthasahtra are only some of the milestones that the traditional Indian knowledge system boasts of. There are evidences of imparting formal education in ancient India under the Gurukul system. Under the Gurukul system, young boys who were passing through the Brahmacharya stage of life had to stay at the Guru or the teacher's home and complete their education. Although the ancient system of education has produced many geniuses and still a major area of research, it was hardly egalitarian. Women and people of lower castes gradually lost their right to educate themselves. The spread of Jainism, Buddhism, Bhakti and Sufi movements did have some liberating effects on the condition of the women, sudras and atisudras. But it is the English language and the reformation movements of the 19th century that had the most liberating effect in pre-independent India. Thus, the Britishers, although rightly criticized for devastating the Indian economy, can also be credited for bringing a revolution in the Indian education system.

39


40

The present education system in India is the western education which was introduced by the British rule and soon became solidified in India as a number of primary, secondary and tertiary centres of education. Today the education system in India can be divided into many stages:  Pre-primary: It consists of children of 3-5 years of age studying in nursery, lower kindergarten & upper kindergarten.  Primary: It includes the age group of children studying in classes from first to fifth.  Middle: It includes students studying in classes‘ sixth to eighth.  Secondary: It includes students studying in classes‘ ninth and tenth.  Higher Secondary: It includes students studying in eleventh and twelfth classes.  Post-Graduate: After completing graduation a student may opt for post graduation. The above education system is governed by the following governing bodies:  The Central Board of Secondary Education. (CBSE)  The Council of Indian School Certificate Examination. (CISCE)  The State Government Boards  The National Open School  The International School In the present day students learn from the teacher, each other, the internet, books, movies, people inside the school, people outside the school, people in other countries. Students learn through inquiry. They ask questions, wonder, explore, experiment and investigate new ideas. They make online global connections and learn about faraway places directly from people who live in them!


41

Future is uncertain, still one can predict it. If we talk about the future scenario of Indian education it is no less encouraging. The way, in which the reformation in the education sector is being carried out, no doubt the education scenario of the country, will change very soon. Starting from the primary education system, the government is now taking various steps to universalise the elementary education in the country. Various non government organizations (NGOs) have also come forward to join the revolution. At the higher educational level significant changes have taken place in the system. In the past few years, the scientific and technological development in the country has got international attention. The future of Indian education may be summarized on the following lines: 1.Future Indian education will be exceptional. 2.Role of education will be dynamic. 3.Focus will be on technical and professional education. 4.Barriers in getting integrated education will be removed. 5.Education will be based on society's requirements. The country‘s education system turns out millions of graduates every year but the key challenges before the Government are: 1.Improving access and quality at all levels of education 2.Increasing funding in higher education 3.Improving Infrastructure 4.Improving Management 5.Improving literacy rates 6.Universalization of elementary education


42

Despite efforts to include all sections of the population into the Indian education system, through various programmes and schemes, large numbers of young people are still without schooling. It is true that enrolment in primary education has increased (at least 35 million) but as many as 60 millions of children under the age group 6–14 years are still far from school. One of the major problems is the non availability of schools within a reasonable distance. Many remote areas of the country have no educational institute at all. This difficulty should be overcome to improve the education system of the country. Improving the quality of education is another challenge before the government to reach at the target. The quality should get international recognition in terms of effectiveness of teaching, attainment level of the students, availability of adequate teachers etc. Other challenges are: inadequate school infrastructure, high teacher-student absenteeism, large number of teacher vacancies, poor quality of education and inadequate funds. Other groups of children ‗at risk‘, such as orphans, child-labourers, street children and victims of riots and natural disasters, do not necessarily have access to schools. To raise the literacy rate, all sections of the society will have to realize the value of education and hence should come forward to improve the Indian education system.


Language Key to Success Nature wants children to be children before they are men‌ childhood has ways of seeing thinking, and feeling, peculiar to itself, nothing can be more foolish than to substitute our ways for them. Children are one of the weakest and most dependent and defenseless section of our society. They cannot formulate their grievances collectively, or conduct organized struggle for improvements in their lives. Every generation of our is not only helped but hindered and hurt by elders it may be parents, teachers or their guardians who exercise direct control over them and always want the child to be what they want and they feel right. It is now a days our social status that has influenced the lives of people of our society .then our ethics. Even the language the child will use to express his/her feelings is decided by us .The time child says the first word mother starts reciting English rhyme why not a poem in own mother tongue. I know families in which English is made a mother tongue. In school if child is not able to speak in English and wants to say something in Hindi immediately teacher stops him and an order is given that you are suppose to speak in language she wants him to speak and at the same time we teach our children that Hindi is our national language.

43


44

Hundreds of youth believe that without the knowledge of English their struggle in life is incomplete. In schools, students prefer to take French as a subject but not Sanskrit just because of its commercial and so called political value our boys think rightly in the present circumstances, that without English they cannot get government service. Girls are taught English as a passport to marriage. I know several instances of women wanting to learn English so that they may be able to talk in English to show that they are literate. We are proud to be Indians just by talking about our rich cultural heritage we teach in history and we give information that there are 325 languages that exist in our country and the culture and tradition we follow. But are we really proud? I am not against any language but we should allow our children to express some times their views the way they want but not restrict our thinking to one particular language. Human nature is to succeed. The success can be achieved by using a language. English which is the official language a balance in every aspect of life is very essential. knowledge about our own mother tongue and foreign languages is very important.


Importance - Education or Experience So what‘s more important—education or experience? The truth is that both have a place in a person‘s career trajectory. While someone with experience but no formal degree may be favoured for certain jobs, he or she may find himself or herself reaching a saturation point in his or her career earlier and may struggle to advance professionally because the person is not considered adequately qualified. On the other hand, a college grad with the best education and book smarts may be completely at sea when it comes to dealing with real-world work situations if the graduate has no prior industry experience. The truth of the matter is that it‘s not so much about education vs. experience, but education and experience. They‘re not mutually exclusive, but actually go hand-in-hand in charting out a person‘s career growth. The corporate landscape is getting more and more competitive with each passing day. Employers neither have the money nor the willingness to make huge investments in developing raw talent. They are more interested in acquiring talented candidates with demonstrated ability, and they look for a complete package at the time of hiring. That‘s why someone who has solid educational credentials as well as real-world experience stands a better chance of making the cut. Why is Education Important? Companies are not just hiring with the aim to fill the current position, but have an eye on the future. If you have not already demonstrated that you have the potential to grow with a job, they may very well pass you up for another candidate who has shown that promise. Having completed undergraduate degree program can demonstrate to them certain qualities in you. A college grad, for an employer, is often a person who has a proven academic record, has mastered complex subject matter, has the ability to think analytically and logically, and has been exposed to an intellectually stimulating environment.

45


46

In short, they see a person who has demonstrated that he or she can rise up the ranks and can be trusted with more responsible roles, rather than someone who can only perform tasks the person‘s familiar with. Make no mistake—just having a resume embellished with fancy undergraduate or graduate degree programs will not do the trick. Your employers expect you to bring to the table everything you have learned as part of your education and apply your skills and knowledge to solving real-world work problems. How Do I Gain Experience? As already mentioned, employers are looking for a perfect blend of experience and education in their employees. But the process of gaining experience has to start somewhere. As a fresh graduate playing the field, you can wait for someone to give you that first break—or you can work toward getting your hands dirty with some real-world experience before you ever finish your formal education. There are several ways of doing it: internships, co-operative work placements, industrial trainings, apprenticeships, freelancing, and more. Some academic programs have a mandatory practical training requirement, while others may need you to take the initiative. With the right combination of a successful academic career and relevant experience in your field, you could be giving yourself a leg up against the competition.


Let us Change ―If we don‘t change, we don‘t grow. If we don‘t grow, we aren‘t really living.‖ -Gail Sheehy

As rightly said by Gail a change is needed in every field, education in India is no less a field where we find a tremendous change. A deep dive into the history of education will enable us to see this change. Man has always sought to pass knowledge to the next generation, in the past it happened through the Guru-shishya tradition wherein knowledge was passed on orally. The student eventually mastered the knowledge that the guru embodied and thus there was a limited number of people who gained knowledge .With the advent of the printing press the knowledge and information slowly became available to the masses. The present education system in India is the western education which was introduced by the British rule and soon became solidified in India. The current scenario in India has changed there are many private schools being set up providing the best of the education for an all round development of a child. The concept of learning by doing has helped student to have a better understanding of the concepts learnt and also to apply the concept learnt to everyday life. Care is being taken to see that the students are able to cope up with the needs of the competitive world with less amount of stress.

47


48

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE), which was passed by the Indian parliament on 4 August 2009, describes the modalities of the provision of free and compulsory education for children between 6 and 14 in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution India became one of 135 countries to make education a fundamental right of every child when the act came into force on 1 April 2010. Though we know that future is uncertain, still looking at the changes in the field of education one can say that the future scenario of Indian education is no less encouraging. Platforms for education and learning will slowly standardize and become globally accessible and affordable. The poorest to the wealthiest will have access to the machine that runs the platform. The class rooms will transcend geographical boundaries. The concepts of distance learning, use of computers or internet or even cell phones have started taking shape. These innovations not only help students the study subjects of their choice but helps in saving a lot of money. This way more students are able to study higher. Education is something that has the biggest value of anything in the world. It is an ideal that without it, we would never be able to live the way we do today.


Past, Present and Future of Sports Popularity of Hockey and Polo were featured back in 6th century BC, Games back from 7th century BC like Track & Field Events, Boxing, Wrestling and Chariot racing also became famous. Sports not only provided ethnics with shared experiences, but the experience of playing and watching games also increased. Interscholastic athletics allowed students to be more involved, new technology helped sports become more popular; technology age brought forth the birth of the sports writer, use of the ―Sports Page‖ Converted sports into poetry, interesting and interpretive stories helped the promotion of professional sports, Radio began to have an impact on sport in the 1920s. Broadcasts of regular season games did not air until the 1940s. ―Game of the Day‖ Radio Announcers became stars. The 1980s brought in low-impact activities, such as fitness walking, soft aerobics and treadmill exercise came into picture. Although there was a huge decline in Health related fitness in the 1990s. In the 2000s people became more possessive about their personal health and the number of fitness centers, health clubs, sports clubs and quality of sports education touched heights. Sports and games have become an inseparable part of the school curriculum and rising of new sports starlets can be seen right from the beginning. In the future there will be separate schools and colleges for children only interested in sports, and technology will help the students to perform better with accuracy in their movements.

49


50


My Fruitful Experience Since I was a child my dream was to become a teacher. My motivation for seeking to enter the profession of teaching was my love of learning and the hope I would impart some of that love to my students. All in all it took 21yrs for my dream to come true. Finally I started teaching, but that was not enough. To be in the teaching profession you need to have a degree which I did not have. My husband was my Guru. All I needed to do, in his words was to learn – (do my B.ED) I thought I would never be able to master the complete knowledge of anatomy required for such a profession, but driven by desire I began to learn. I asked questions and received answers from anyone who would listen. I spend hours alone in my bedroom learning how to master theories and life history of famous leaders. Discovering my inner power, physical strength, support I started doing my B.ED. One year of daily hard work and I would do my B.ED. No experience in my life has ever been as empowering as that moment when I got my results. To discover that I could succeed at sometime I had always led myself to believe was totally impossible, filled with pride and energy. We can be our teacher and motivator and that anyone can be a motivator or a teacher to another person. My husband was my motivator and I was my own teacher. I now try to motivate others to learn. And I teach them that there are very few limits in what a person can achieve both physically and mentally. I know from my own experience that when we reject the idea we are limited, we can achieve anything we set our minds on; we can educate ourselves and others, motivate ourselves and others and achieve greatness if we so desire too.

51


My Overwhelming Experience Choosing the education field has to be connected with a ―calling‖ of a person, because it requires a lot of professional and personal qualities and constant self-perfection. Entering the education field has been a very motivated decision for me. This particular decision is completely based on the former experience I had had all the way to the moment I decided I will connect my future with it. Nowadays, when parents are very busy the workers of the educational field are the people, who teach the young generation what is beautiful and what is ugly, what is right and what is wrong and million other things. Every person some day used to be an ordinary pupil that had teachers. The schooling experience of every person may develop either positive or negative attitude towards education in general. It is a fact of common knowledge that one of the most important parts in the educational process is the teacher. My personal experience in school taught me that a teacher could really make a difference in the process of education. A teacher may develop respect to the subject, to the teacher‘s personality and to the education in general. A pupil may even see the difference in the manner of explaining and presenting the material teaching the same subject. I discovered this difference when I had a substitute teacher coming to class and making my most hated subject one of the most interesting in the whole school program. I decided that I do want to make children love teaching and show them how fun and interesting learning can be. I decided to make it the reason of my life.

52


53

There have been a lot of debates on good and bad teachers. And this particular experience made me realize that I do want to make a difference to children and make their education interesting for them in the first place and therefore motivate their own educational activity. I want to become a ―good‖ teacher, not just a teacher reproducing the material he knows, but sharing attitudes, experience and reveal all the interesting sides in the educational process. It is vital to make sure the pupils get only the most positive experience from teaching. My experience made me realize the many mistakes some teachers do and gave me the greatest desire to learn everything in order to become a real professional in the field of education. I have also thought that sharing the knowledge you have with other people is wonderful. And may be one day I will inspire a young person to dedicate himself to the field of education. And this will the best reward for me and for all the forces. I plan to contribute in this field now. This experience was a ―push‖ in the direction of the field I admire so much.


Progress via Education Education leads us to learning where we acquire knowledge which helps us to grow or progress in life. Education gives us sense to understand good or bad, helps us to choose right or wrong. It also helps us to know the facts and myths of life. Education has changed many people to what they are today. Including me. It‘s because of education that I am moving out of my house and earning as well. I am known as an individual. I am strongly able to support my family financially. I know about my rights and so I have taken up a profession which I love. So thanks to education for helping me being what I am today.

54


Student—Teacher Relationship Positive student-teacher relationships have been described as relationships that are ―mutual, respectful and supportive.‖ These relationships have also been identified as a relationship as one with ―empathy, warmth and genuineness.‖ Specific actions in developing good relationships can be summarized as follows: Show the student he or she matters by:  greeting by name, smiling, showing an interest by comments and questions  finding something about the most challenging student to like or admire and commenting positively on qualities and strengths.  giving regular positive feedback that is specific, genuine and brief  showing belief and trust  showing that their success, safety and well-being is of concern. Teachers who take time to develop positive relationships with their students will see improvement in their students both academically, behaviourally and emotionally. Students who have positive relationships with their teachers tend to put forth more effort in class and as a result improve their academic achievement. Teachers also see improvement in their student‘s behaviour when they take the time to develop positive relationships with their students.

55


Change with Time With the current world scenario and the economic changes going on around the world, it becomes imperative that every country strengthens its human capital to benefit from the outsourcing. Job transfers are rampant in the developed countries so it is important that India also steps up the challenge. India‘s education system at its current state is highly regarded as it emphasis more on mathematics and science. But it needs to incorporate certain other initiatives to be called a superior education system. There should be more practical based learning in schools where students get interested or learn from it better. For example, history lessons can be enacted into a play, science can be explained by taking excursions outside the classroom. There should be industry wise learning. Students benefit from accounting being taught in ICSE School as it helps them later in their jobs. This can be similarly taught in SSC schools as well. Students should have choice in selecting the subjects that they want in school. If a student is weak in languages but is good in math or science he/she should be able to select those subjects in which they feel they can excel in school.

56


57

Students should also be given a feel of different interesting activities that will make them a well-rounded person. Carpentry, gardening etc should be taught in schools. This will give kids a creative boost and will encourage them to cultivate a hobby. Everyone should be urged to participate in competitions/debates on current affairs. There should be book clubs/ newspaper per reading sessions. This will interest children to stay up-to-date on latest news and world events. Fitness should be given more weightage. Exercise in a healthy, orderly manner should be encouraged. Children should be given marks on any sports that they play actively for example - football, table tennis, swimming. Currently sports is just viewed as a extra – curricular activity. Sports instills confidence and a sense of competition, so for it to become a essential part of every child it needs to be weighted in the syllabus.


Education System Needs a Revolution Nelson Mandela says, ―Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.‖, so as we do believe in. Education builds the man so it builds the nation. Today we claim to be the biggest human resources supplier for the world, but are we concerned what quality of human capital we are building and for whose needs? We supply bureaucrats to the government, software engineers to the IT companies around the world, highly paid managers to the multinationals, we supply engineers and science graduates as researchers to the foreign universities. Today's education produces only money making machines. The moral values are getting eroded. Social fabric is getting weakened. We are imparting theoretical knowledge based education. We have to make the children more aware on society. India aspires to be powerful, it wants to play a role in the international community, for that to happen, its economy has to grow multifold & it requires a huge force of entrepreneurs who could transform it into a nation which produces, from the one which only consumes. India needs a huge force of innovators who could make it self reliant in all kinds of sciences and technologies. India needs artists who could make its culture the most popular in the world. A culture which is not only saleable itself but also helps in selling India‘s products across the world. It is the education which should inspire one to become something one really wants to. Education should make you free, should make you experiment & it should make you ask questions. Ultimately, it should make you realize what you are. Youngsters in India, do not have the freedom of selecting there career, it is said. They are forced to become engineers, doctors, MBA ‘s and IAS officers, it is said. Yes, agree. But that is not the problem. The problem is, youngsters in India do not have the vision to think beyond. Neither their parents, nor their grandparents had that vision. This is where the root of the problem is. Generations have gone through a system which sucks. Now the beauty is even the law-makers and educators of today‘s India are products of that age old

58


59

That is why no less than a revolution is needed in the education system in India. A revolution means big changes. We expect the revolution in education to bring lots of changes. These changes will result into: A world class infrastructure. The experience of shopping at malls is better than the old dirty bazaars. The experience of traveling in a metro train is much better than suffering in the city buses. The experience of driving on four or six lane highways is much better the same way. The same way, infrastructure has a meaning in education. World class universities and schools with world class libraries, laboratories and classrooms, in a world class building make a world class infrastructure for education. Greater investments into education. We need world class infrastructure and best talents in all schools and universities of India. These resources should not remain limited to a handful of IIT‘s or IIM‘s. Each village should have a school with all resources and facilities. Each university should have whatever it needs for a better education. This would require huge money and hence, huge investments. Education which encourages innovation and creativity. When farmers in the villages of Punjab make a vehicle from the diesel engine and name it Maruta (A male version of Maruti), that is innovation. When villagers of the Rajasthan and Gujarat transform the Bike ‗Enfield Bullet‘ into a local auto-rickshaw, that is creativity. How many automobile engineering students could do likewise? The question is, how many? Education which encourages entrepreneurship. It is commonly observed that the father of a daughter refuses to permit for her marriage with a boy who is not a government servant. This mindset of the society, particularly of the middle class, has to be changed. You are not a respectful person if after education you start a business, as that is seen as a failure in getting a job. It is the task of the education system to change this mindset. It also has to inspire the youth for the necessary courage and vision for entrepreneurship.


60

An education which makes a child sad when the last bell is rung at the end of the day in the school. When it is time for the child to go back home after school hours, he should get the urge of learning more and think that it should have not been his last class for the day. Education through technology. The 21st century has opened communication channel, virtually across the globe and education has become an area, where really sky has become the limit. Technology has now become an inherent part of our lives with mobile phones and computers, but India is lagging behind in embracing technology in the field of education. Resistance to technology is due to pre-conceived notions about its use or dependability, and an inherent reluctance to change. There is a wide gap between classroom knowledge and its application in practical life. process. Education is meant to serve many purposes .. 1) It should enable the student to look the world in a different perspective than just living in it. 2) He should come to know that what he is meant for and work towards it directing his efforts in such a manner that it culminates to upliftment of the society. 3) He should prepare himself for the daunting task which lies just in front of him. Actual education meaning is "education means to draw out virtue". Education must be life oriented not a bread or money oriented. At the end, one message for the career oriented aspirants. ―Formal education will make you a living; selfeducation will make you a fortune.‖ – Jim Rohn


Gurukul to eGuru.com From the Guru-Shishya parampara, education has moved much ahead to eLearning. The Gurus have been replaced by the eGurus i.e the computers, the tradition of spiritual relationship and mentoring have been taken over by the ever progressing technology, where the teacher-student relation is highly hypothetical. The genuineness of the guru, and the respect, commitment, devotion and obedience of the student has been switched over to tension and pressure of completion of the syllabus and the over whelming friend requests on the social networking sites. The ashram amidst refreshing natural surroundings conducive to spiritual instruction and meditation swapped into eClassrooms with high tech machines and latest gadgets. Real education, which was knowledge based changed to hard core competitions and performance based. Marks are the criteria of judging a student not the inner depth on the subject. ‗Survival for the fittest‘ is the mantra of the day, good percentage is not enough but scoring more than the others and becoming the first in the rat race is the need of the day. In this endless, self-defeating or pointless pursuit we are loosing the actual essence of education which is turning to be stressful and in some cases even fatal. We as elders have to come up and take responsibilities to see that we are not making the young generation a ruthless highly technical robots rather the humane element should be very much present in them, otherwise we will land up having lots of marks yielding machines. Only degrees will be there without any sign of education. So as educators we better be careful from now or else we will land up in only having robots as our students!

61


62


An Insight Into the Current Education System The effort of every true education should be to unlock the treasure hidden in the soul of a child. But our education system is unable to cater to needs of the children and locate the treasure hidden in them. Many steps are being taken to bring positive changes in our education system but they are insufficient. The studies in Mumbai and the other big cities have yield the insight that the reason for so many slum children not being in school has less to do with their families‘ economic circumstances than with the school system‘s shortcoming. The amount of learning the average slum family pupil in India acquires in primary school falls far short of what may legitimately be expected. Primary education is must for each and every child but if we see in Mumbai and the other big cities reasons why children are not in school or why they are not learning have more to do with the nature of schools than with the economic circumstances of their families. While school enrollment has risen dramatically in cities and villages, the ability of the government school system to retain and adequately educate children has been less impressive. An urban school system is supposed to provide schooling opportunities for all the children in the city. However, planning and implementation of this mandate seems to assume that each school can cope with this task on its own.

63


64

The large inequalities about schools in terms of teaching-learning conditions are largely ignored. The coverage of poorer localities in cities by school has expanded, but not fast enough to keep pace with the growing populations of this areas. The school system do not have flexibility to quickly reallocate teachers, materials and resources from one part of the cities to another. The schools are bursting at the seams and teachers have very large numbers of children in the classes. Overcrowded schools are difficult places for teaching or learning. Many changes are required in our education system for the shining future of our country.


Futuristic Education With the current world scenario and the economic changes going on around the world, it becomes imperative that every country strengthens its human capital to benefit from the outsourcing. Job transfers are rampant in the developed countries so it is important that India also steps up the challenge. India‘s education system at its current state is highly regarded as it emphasis more on mathematics and science. But it needs to incorporate certain other initiatives to be called a superior education system. There should be more practical based learning in schools where students get interested or learn from it better. For example, history lessons can be enacted into a play, science can be explained by taking excursions outside the classroom. There should be industry wise learning. Students benefit from accounting being taught in ICSE schools as it helps them later in their jobs. This can be similarly taught in SSC schools as well. Students should have choice in selecting the subjects that they want in school. If a student is weak in languages but is good in math or science he/she should be able to select those subjects in which they feel they can excel in school. Students should also be given a feel of different interesting activities that will make them a well groomed person. Carpentry, gardening etc should be taught in schools. This will give kids a creative boost and will encourage them to cultivate a hobby. Everyone should be urged to participate in competitions/debates on current affairs. There should be book clubs/ newspapers per reading sessions. This will interest children to stay up-to-date on latest news and world events. Fitness should be given more weightage. Exercise in a healthy, orderly manner should be encouraged. Children should be given marks for any sports that they actively play for example football, table tennis, swimming. Currently sports is just viewed as a extra – curricular activity. Sports instills confidence and as a sense of competition, so for it to become a essential part of every child, it needs to be included in the syllabus. I feel this change should be brought into the education system.

65


Changes in the Education System Education refers to the process of learning and acquiring information. Education can be divided into two main types: formal learning through an institution such as a school and self-taught learning or what is often termed life experience. Generally, education is important for learning basic life skills, as well as learning advanced skills that can make a person more attractive in the job market. Education plays a great role in shaping our destiny. We are all aware of its importance but our policymakers are, apparently, not aware of this great fact. Perhaps they do not believe in waking from deep slumber. The quality of education in our schools and colleges has deteriorated with time. Despite being an area of great concern, the education sector has suffered heavily at the hands of our policymakers. Half hearted attempts to renovate it have further tarnished its image. Education says Radhakrishnan should not be equated with literacy and accumulation of factual knowledge. Sadly, our education system is aimed at turning students into a godown of unnecessary details. There is no denying of the fact that India in the recent past has made tremendous progress in fields like science, business and technology and that we have produced spectacular results in several prestigious branches of engineering. What we don‘t realize- amid glitter of success achieved- is that we have trapped ourselves in all sorts of complexities. As a result of widespread confusion around us the things like scams, violence marred cities and political upheavals, to name a few, have become order of the day. To sole reason for rise of complex persona could rightly be attributed to bad education.

66


67

The teachers in villages are devoid of facilities to make students develop greater interests in their subjects. The schools in villages are not in good shape. They do not provide a safe environment for little children. We have witnessed many tragedies in the past that claimed lives of many students. Probably, that‘s why in villages the enrollment rate is below desired rate, especially of the girl students. We are also far behind in ― universalisation ‖ of elementary standards of education is proving to be elusive. It has become some sort of challenge for educationists of our times. We split the nucleus and now nucleus is splitting our lives‘ is a view that highlights the futility of vain pursuits having nothing to do with the growth of human beings and human society in a proper way. We have failed to develop a vision that could enable one to witness the universe as one single entity. It‘s time to reshape our education system and bring it at par with divine attributes which in turn is going to make such a vision a reality.


The Happy Man’s Shirt There was a king, who had a lot of wealth, But to his bad luck he had no health. He always lay on his golden bed, And his servants came and fed. Doctors came to cure his ill, and they charged him with a heavy bill. All their attempts failed, and the king continued to wail, Just then an old man arrived, Who had come across from miles. The sight of the king amazed him, and he continued to gaze at him. The king told the old man all his aches, and also the reasons for his night wakes. The old man thought this was a comedy, and he was ready with a remedy. The old man said, ― Wear a happy man‘s shirt and then tell me its worth.‖ The king sent his servants to search, A happy man‘s shirt anywhere on earth.

The servants tried their best, But finally came back to their nest. For they were unable to find, A happy man of their kind. Then one fine day a messenger came, Who happened to be slightly lame. He said, ―I found a happy man at last who is farmer and tills his land so vast He wore no shirt to keep him warm But worked hard and so was strong.‖ The king understood at last, The way to get well fast. He got off his bed, and smiled at his servants and said, ―I‘ll work hard daily and will never act lazy This is the promise I make today and it will never be taken away.‖

68


Education and its Importance The word education usually refers to the process of gaining or cultivating knowledge, skills, beliefs, attitudes, values, and character traits. Traditional educational philosophies were profoundly influenced by the thinking and teachings of individuals such as Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, and John Locke. Beginning in roughly the later half of the twentieth century, educational philosophies were increasingly developed and articulated in the contexts of different disciplines (e.g. educational history, sociology, psychology), rather than the context of any particular philosophical school (Frankena, 1971). As a result, educational philosophy has evolved from a historically narrow field to a kind of broad category, containing a multiplicity of different perspectives. As an educational philosophy Process Education is a synthesis of realist and idealist world views, with a primary focus on performance. It integrates many of the tenets of constructivism with personal development, performance measures, and assessment in order to produce learner growth, promotes critical thinking, and nurture continuous improvement. Education itself means all the round development of a child‘s body mind and soul. It helps in nurturing a child to make him a better individual.

69


Revolution in Education According to Mahatma Gandhi - ―Education means an all-around drawing out of the best in the child and man- body, mind and soul ‖ The education system means, the way we deliver or serve education to our future generation. Education system should not be changed but the way or method of delivering the concepts must be changed. Unfortunately, the current system in our country considers every student the same and hence each of us faces a standard curriculum, irrespective of our interests. The syllabus in the schools has not changed with the changing needs of the society. We still tend to follow the same old course of study, disregarding the fact that this is the time to innovate and improve. We are now in a competitive society which demands improvement every minute, and this cannot be ignored any longer. Educational system should develop learning by doing where the individual will think, reason out and apply the knowledge gained by learning the concept by doing it. It would also boost confidence in the individual. We should encourage the individuality of a person and then only we would be able to develop a society of free thinking people, who work towards their growth and betterment, which in turn would benefit the entire society.

70


Views on Education‌ Education is a meaningful activity covering the entire span of an individuals life from birth to death therefore it has to be a well planned, goal oriented and phased activity, goals of education therefore to perform mainly in three functions all of each are normative .Firstly, they give direction to the educative process, secondly they motivate and thirdly they induce the learner and give energy necessary to accomplish them. They give direction to the process of education, they are indeed best and related to life, they enable the planner to revive the cost benefit and make education cost effective they facilitate monitoring and evaluation. Teacher is more important than the textbook in the free development of the child. The teacher should provide the free fearless learning environment for the child. Education means drawing the best in the child‘s body, mind and spirit. Literacy is itself not education. It is only a means to education. Literacy training in school is not education as more emphasis is laid on tools on the personality development of the student; education is the draws out of truth that consists of development of the mind and body with an awakening of the soul.

71


भत ू , वततमान एवॊ भववष्य में शिऺा का स्थान शिऺा अथातत ऻान , बवु ि तथा आतॊररक एवॊ बाह्य िक्ततयों का ववकास|

भनुष्म का जीलन शळषा के बफना ऩळत ु ुल्म शै | भानल लत्ृ ततमों का वलकाव तथा आत्तभक ळाॊतत के शरए शळषा ऩयभालश्मक शै |

प्राचीन कर भें बायतीम शळषा का एक भात्र उद्देश्म भनुष्म को ऩूणत सान प्राप्त

कयना था, त्जववे लश असानान्धकाय वे तनकर कय सान के प्रकाळ भें वलचयण कयता

था| उव वभम छात्र ऩूये ऩच्चीव लऴत तक ब्रह्भचमत का ऩारन कयता शुआ नगय के कोराशर वे दयू वघन लनों भें भशवऴतमों के आश्रभ भें वलधधलत वलद्माध्ममन कयता था| उवे अऩनी फशुभख ु ी प्रततबा के वलकाव का अलवय शभरता था| वलद्माथी वलद्लान शोकय तथा मोग्म नागरयक फनकय अऩने घय रौटता था|

ऩूणत रूऩ वे

ऩयन्तु आधुतनक शळषा केलर उदयऩूततत का वाधन-भात्र शो गमा शै | श्रद्धा औय

बालना जैवी कोई लस्तु उवके तनकट नशी शोती| आज की शळषा दृत्ष्ट भें न अऩने

गरु ु जनों का आदय शै औय न भाता-वऩता का वम्भान| वलसानॊ तो आगे फढ यशा शै , ऩय इॊवान नशीॊ| वलद्माथी वभाज भें एक बमानक अयाजकता छाई शुई शै | मश वफ शभाये नैततक ऩतन के कायण शै |

73


74

भनष्ु म के वलाांगीण वलकाव के शरए ऐवी शळषा की आलश्मकता शै , त्जववे

भनुष्म का ह्रदम औय फुवद्ध दोनों वभान रूऩ वे वलकशवत शोकय भानल की कल्माणभमी लत्ृ ततमों का वलकाव कय वके| इवशरए वलद्माथीमों को ऐवी शळषा दे नी

चाहशए त्जववे ले हशॊवा औय वाम्प्रदातमकता की बालना वे दयू यशें | जीलन की वभस्माओॊ को वर ु झाने तथा जीलन को वपर फनाने की षभता का वलकाव शो ऩोथी ऩढ़ी ऩढ़ी जग मआ ु ऩॊडडत भये न कोय, ढाई आखर प्रेम का ऩढे से ऩॊडडत होय|


हमारे दे ि की शिऺा प्रणाऱी शिऺा का उद्देश्य मनष्ु य में आत्मननभतरता की भावना भरना , चररत्र

ननमातण करना तथा मोऺ की प्राक्तत करना है | प्राचीन कऱ की शिऺा प्रणाऱी

में ववद्या , ऻान के साथ-साथ चररत्र - गठन का भी स्थान होता था| हमारी सॊस्कृनत

में गरु ॊ बहुत ही सद ॊु र और मीठा हुआ करता ु और शिष्य का सॊबध था| गरु ु -शिष्य को ऩत्र ु वत मानते थे| शिष्य गरु ु को वऩता – तल् ु य और ववश्वसनीय समझता था| गुरु-शिष्य के बीच केवऱ व्याऩाररक सॊबॊध न रहकर आध्याक्त्मक सॊबॊध हो जाता था|

ऻान – ज्योनत प्रदान करनेवाऱे गुरुओॊ की सेवा और सहयोग करना

राजाओॊ का ऩरम आदित था| ऩरन्तु आज राष्रीय प्रगनत की रीढ़ शिऺा को व्यवसाय का रूऩ दे ददया गया है | आज की शिऺा केवऱ ऩरीऺा मात्र उतीणत करने तक ही सीशमत है | दे ि का राजनैनतक चेहरा तो बदऱा गया है , ऩरन्तु शिऺा समस्या बढता जा रहा है |

75


76

“अऺीण ववतत: ऺीण

वत्ृ ततस्तु हतोहत:”

अथातत धन की हानी कोई वविेष महत्त्व नहीॊ रखती, ऩरन्तु चररत्र की हानी मनष्ु य को समऱ ू नष्ट कर दे ती है |यदद हम अऩने दे ि का कल्याण चाहते है , तो प्रत्येक

दे िवासी को शिऺा और चररत्र ननमातण दोनों के महत्त्व को

समझना होगा|

जहाॉ ऻान है , कमत है , भक्तत है

वही भरी कमत में ईश्वरी िक्तत है |


समयानुसार शिऺा प्रणाऱी में बदऱाव “शिऺा अथातत मनुष्य का सवातगीण ववकास” | प्राचीन कार भें शभाया दे ळ

अऩनी वलद्मा औय सान के शरए प्रशवद्ध था| दयू – दयू के दे ळो वे रोग शळषा

प्राप्त कयने के शरए आते थे|मशाॉ फड़े –फड़े वलश्लवलद्मारम थे, नारॊदा औय तषशळरा का नाभ तो प्राम् वबी जानते शै | अगये जों के आने वे ऩूलश त ी मश शळषा प्रणारी प्राम्वभाप्त शो चक ु ी थी |

लततभान शळषा प्रणारी का अथत शै , “ शळषा दे ने की ऩद्धतत ” | लततभान

शळषा प्रणारी वे अशबप्राम शै ,शळषा का लश ढाचाॊ जो आजकर शभाये स्कूरों औय कारेजों

भें प्रचशरत शै | त्जव तयश वे शभाये

वलद्मारमों औय

भशावलद्मारममों भें शळषा दी जा यशी शै , मश बायतीम प्रणारी नशीॊ शै | अॊग्रेजो के ळावनकार वे मश शळषा प्रणारी आयॊ ब शुई औय आज बी शभ उवे अऩनाए शुए शै |

77


78

“आधुननक शिऺा प्रणाऱी का उद्देश्य तया है ?”

इव प्रश्न ऩय वलचाय

ककमा जाए तो आधुतनक शळषा प्रणारी वे इवका वॊतोऴजनक उततय नशीॊ शभरता

| इवका उद्देश्म नौकयी तक शी वीशभत शै | वलद्माथी ऩयीषाथी फन गए शै | शळषा भनुष्म के फुवद्ध औय भन को वलकशवत कय उवके कल्माणभ लतृ तमों का वलकाव कयती शै , त्जववे लश जीलन की वभस्माओॊ का

तनलायण कय आगे अऩने जीलन को वपर फना वके|

“शिऺा जगाता है हम सबको शिक्षऺत बन जाना होगा |

दे ख ववश्व-शसधाॊत, कायत ननभतय में ऱग जाना ही होगा |”


ववद्याथाांची आजची गरज – शिस्त आऩरे आजोफा, ऩणजोफा अवे म्शणत की, ‘छडी रागे छभ छभ, वलद्मा मेई

घभघभ’ भग अळालेऱी आठलते ती इॊग्रजी बाऴेतीर म्शण, ‘छडी वोडा आणण भूर बफघडला.’ ऩल ू ी सानाजतन कयण्मावाठी गरु ु गशृ ी जाले रागे आणण गरु ु गश ृ ी कडक

शळस्त ऩाऱाली रागे. रलकय उठून तेथे कष्टाची काभे कयाली रागत, गुरुवेला कयाली रागे. प्रतमष बगलान श्रीकृष्णाराशी शा तनमभ अऩलाद नव्शता.

ज्मा घयातीर व्मकतीॊना शळस्त अवते ते घय नेशभी नीटनेटके आढऱते.

शळस्तीफयोफयच नीटनेटकेऩणा ल व्मलत्स्थतऩणा मेतो म्शणूनच शळस्त ळारेम जीलनात अॊगलऱणी ऩडल्माव भर ु े जेव्शा भोठी शोतीर तेव्शा ती तनत्श्चत फेशळस्त

शोणाय नाशीत. ळाऱे त वॊस्कायषभ लमात ज्मा वलमी रागतात, तमा आमुष्मबय उऩमोगी ऩडतात. कोणतेशी काभ लेऱेलय कयणे, यस्तमातून जाताना यशदायीचे तनमभ ऩाऱणे मा वाध्मा वाध्मा गोष्टीॊतन शळस्त रागू ळकते. शी शळस्त ू रालण्माव मोग्म लम म्शणजे फारलम आणण मोग्म स्थान म्शणजे ळाऱा.

79


80

काशी जणाॊना ळाऱे तीर शी शळस्त भान्म नाशी. ते म्शणतात, “ फारऩण

म्शणजे फागडण्माचे लम. फागडण्मात कळारा शळस्त शली?” शे भत अगदी चुकीचे

आशे . शळळुवलशायात तीन लऴातच्मा भर ु ाॊना केलऱ खेऱातच यभवलरे जाते. ऩण मा खेऱातशी तमाॊना शळस्त शळकलाली रागते. ळाऱे त मेणायरत मा ह्मा शळळूॊना अगदी ळाऱे त लेऱेलय मेण्माची दे खीर शळस्त शली. ळाऱे त लागताना कवे लागाले माची

लततन-वॊहशता अवाली. ळाऱे त लेऱेलय मेण्माची वलम रागरेरा वलद्माथी ऩढ ु े केव्शाशी आणण कोठे शी उशळया जाणे ऩवॊत कयणाय नाशी. वलमीॊतन ू शळस्त अॊगी फाणत अवते.

भात्र एक गोष्ट नककी की, शळस्तीचे भशततल

वलद्मार्थमाांना उभगून तमाॊनी ती स्लत:च उचररी ऩाहशजे.

अळा फायीकवायीक


81


82


education