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Welcome to the July 2008 quarter edition of Exchange Magazine.

The Australian Youth Ambassadors for Development (AYAD) Program aims to strengthen mutual understanding between Australia and the countries of the Asia Pacific region and make a positive contribution to development. The Program achieves these aims by placing skilled young Australian (18-30) on short-term assignments in developing countries in the Asia Pacific region. AYAD volunteers work with local counterparts in Host Organisations to achieve sustainable development outcomes through capacity building, skills exchange and institutional strengthening. The AYAD Program provides support to AYADs including living and accommodation allowances, flights, pre-departure training, in-country management, insurance, medicals and debrief on return. The AYAD Program is an Australian Government, AusAID initiative and is fully funded by the Australian Government’s overseas aid agency, AusAID. AYAD is managed by Austraining International, a South Australian international project management company.

It brings me great pleasure as the incoming AYAD Program Director to introduce this edition of Exchange which once again features the great work being done by our Volunteers, Australian Partners and Host Organisations across the Asia-Pacific region. I would like to take this opportunity to acknowledge the enormous contribution that outgoing Program Director Ray Ash has made to the success of the AYAD Program over the past eight years, and to wish Ray all the best as he takes on new challenges as Deputy CEO of Austraining International. I would also like to wish a fond farewell to AYAD Marketing Manager and Exchange Magazine editor Erin Green, and to welcome new Program Manager Brett Gresham. While reading the stories in this edition of Exchange I marvelled once again at the diversity of ways in which AYADs work with Host and Australian Partner Organisations to promote capacity building and contribute to development outcomes. Some stories highlight the inspiring achievements of AYADs who are tackling challenges that lie at the heart of development including HIV-AIDs, human trafficking and waste management. Other stories made me pause and reflect on the important contribution that AYADs make in fields that are sometimes not considered to be ‘mainstream’ development like public broadcasting, road safety and sport. It was also pleasing to

read about the experiences of returned AYADs who have used the Program as a springboard to continue their work in international and community development in Australia and abroad. Our efforts to bring these great AYAD stories to the attention of the Australian community are being boosted with the development of an AYAD Program documentary to hit our TV screens later this year. The documentary film crew has already visited PNG and Vietnam with several more countries to come. Watch this space for further details! As a returned AYAD myself (Philippines, Intake 8) I am excited to be taking the reins at a time of enormous opportunity for the AYAD Program. We will deploy 400 young Australians to around 17 countries in the Asia Pacific region in 2008-09, and these AYAD assignments will reflect the Australian aid program’s increasing alignment to the Millennium Development Goals. We are also looking at innovative ways to strengthen the people-to-people links and partnerships between organisations in Australia and host countries, including an increased emphasis on the vocational education and training sector. We are committed to continue engaging with our stakeholders including Australian Partners and the returned AYAD Alumni as we strive to strengthen and grow the Program. I hope that you enjoy these wonderful stories as much as I did.

Anthony Rologas AYAD Project Director


Exchange July - September Editor

Orit Bierenboim

Sub Editor Erin Green Design:

Danny Connery Agency of New Design

4 Positive Change

Contributors: Rob Sutherland

6 Drink Driving in the Middle Kingdom

Elizabeth Payne

8 Making TV in an Unlikely Place

Chris Bandy

10 Aussie Rules

Gabrielle Brady

Leda Kalleske Kel Fitzgerald

14 Bringing some Sunshine

Sunny Forsyth

16 Waste Not, Want Not

Rod Abson

18 Scouting for Opportunities 20 Food for Thought 22 Australian Partner Organisations 23 Calendar

Kirsty Harvey

Anita Lumbus

Photo credits: Cover Photo - Kel Fitzgerald Positive Change - Rob Sutherland Aussie Rules - Rian Hamza - Kel Fitzgerald Bringing some Sunshine - Kel Fitzgerald Waste Not, Want Not - Shenagh Gamble Scouting for Opportunities - Rod Abson Food for Thought - Anita Lumbus

Cabbages & Condoms Resteraunt in Thailand promotes better understanding and acceptance of family planning and to generate income to support various development activities of the Population and Community Development Association (PDA)

Exchange Magazine welcomes submissions from AYADs and alumni (RAYADs), Host Organisations and Australian Partner Organisations. Please contact the AYAD Marketing Manager, Orit Bierenboim at info@ayad.com.au for further information.

Exchange is printed on recycled paper.


HIV is on the rise across our region and affecting more and more communities in Asia and the Pacific. But there are positive signs that things are changing for the better with rising awareness and governments and multilateral organisations like the UN working together to halt the epidemic. The AYAD Program is working with organisations throughout our partner countries on HIV projects. Here AYAD Rob Sutherland tells of his own very personal experience working in HIV awareness in Australia and across the world: If you had said to me 10 years ago, as I was in my last year of high school and starting to contemplate my future, that it would involve working in the field of HIV prevention I would have scoffed at the idea. HIV seemed so far removed from my reality and my life. Yet a few years out of school and into my Commerce degree I unexpectedly found myself facing a HIV positive diagnosis. It was a few days before my 21st birthday and I had unknowingly contracted the virus a year earlier when I was 19 years old. That moment changed everything, and all of a sudden HIV was something acutely real and very relevant. Clearly, that moment shaped a lot of what was to come for me and I soon found myself engaging in educational talks about my experience to school students all across NSW. Soon after that I took up a position with ACON (the AIDS Council of NSW) where I worked in the education team, providing HIV awareness and prevention services to the gay community throughout NSW. Of course in Australia, HIV infections occur mainly through male to male sex, although globally the picture is different, with heterosexual sex being the main transmission route.


My work at ACON in Sydney was in the context of a

Whereas the African epidemic is a generalised

invited to attend by the Australian Government largely

It is clear that a lack of political will is one of the key

gay community that is very well informed about HIV and

one, meaning that it has spread across the general

because of my work with ACON, a leading HIV agency

barriers to improved progress in the fight against HIV, in

their sexual health, where government, community and

population, the Asia and Pacific epidemic is largely

in Australia and because of my AYAD placement

fact there was a panel discussion devoted to this topic

the research sector have a strong and well established

concentrated to specific populations. Essentially these

with UNAIDS. The meeting was to review the global

at which I had the opportunity to speak on Australia’s

working relationship and where funding exists to

groups are sex workers and their clients, men who

progress on HIV since 2001 when the Declaration of

behalf. Even in places where we do have clear data on

implement effective interventions such as social

have sex with men (MSM) and people who inject drugs.

Commitment was made to reach ‘universal access’

the need to act and which populations to target, many

marketing campaigns, peer education and outreach.

Within these populations, HIV prevalence can reach an

by 2010. This involved a target of access to treatment

governments and political leaders fail to act adequately.

In many aspects, Australia is regarded as a world leader

alarming 50%, exacting a devastating impact on these

and prevention services for all. At the meeting all 147

Even when resources are made available they are not

when it comes to its HIV response. It has established

communities. HIV never only just affects individuals,

member states reported on their progress in achieving

always used most effectively by targeting the most

harm reduction measures such as needle exchange

but families, communities and ultimately the whole of

these goals.

at risk populations with best practise interventions.

programs and has legalised brothel based sex work.

society through lose of productive members of society

Largely due to progressive policies, HIV infection among

and increased health costs.

Meanwhile, 6000 people die from AIDS every single Unfortunately despite clear progress in some areas

day. We were told by leading researchers that ‘the

such as 3 million people being on antiretroviral

quest for a vaccine is proving more difficult than we

My role at UNAIDS involves working with MSM civil

treatment since 2001, the world is falling far short of

could ever have imagined’ and a cure is not even

society in the region and to strengthen its role in the

its commitment. Even for this apparent step forward,

mentioned.

My AYAD placement is with the United Nations Joint

response. This involves working directly with community

we were reminded that for every 1 person who starts

Programme on HIV/AIDS ( UNAIDS ), in the Regional

based organisations to increase their capacity to

treatment, 2.5 become newly infected with HIV. The

For the foreseeable future prevention is the best vaccine

Support Team for Asia and the Pacific with ACON’s

serve their communities, undertake and use research

epidemic is outpacing the response. This was widely

for the world and so we are left to promote and advocate

support as my Australian Partner Organisation. Australia

in the region to advocate for greater resources

acknowledged at the meeting.

for better resourced and scaled up prevention based

generally and leading community organisations

and interventions and also supporting civil society

like ACON in particular have a key role in showing

networks in the region. According to the Report of the

Australia has demonstrated a commitment to harm

leadership regionally in this area and sharing the

Commission on AIDS in Asia 2008 ( www.unaids.org ),

minimisation in its response and this was very much

lessons we have learnt. My placement is very much

it is estimated that by 2020, 50% of all new infections

our position at the meeting. We met with Australia’s

reflection of this and ACON’s expanding international

in the Asia and Pacific region will be in men who have

Ambassador Robert Hill and hosted a session on

work in the Asia Pacific region. This has been my first

sex with men, yet currently less than 8% have access

injecting drug use at the Australian Mission which was

real exposure to HIV in the regional and international

to any kind of HIV prevention. In 12 countries in Asia

well attended. Providing people who inject drugs with

perspective, where the issue of HIV is linked to issues of

and the Pacific alone, male to male sex is illegal, and

clean needles and injecting equipment in Australia

development, poverty and human rights.

in some of these countries it is punishable by death.

has averted tens of thousands of HIV infections and

Clearly this is a difficult environment to implement

so advocating this strategy was a key theme of our

ACON is a community-based non-government

Unfortunately in 2008 HIV must still be considered a

good public health policies such as condom promotion

attendance. We also urged the international community

organisation promoting the health and wellbeing

crisis, with 6000 deaths due to AIDS everyday and the

and distribution, peer education, counselling and

to scale up resources for interventions for men who

of a diverse gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender

vast majority of the 30 million people living with HIV

testing.

have sex with men and sex workers and other at risk

community, and a leading agency in HIV/AIDS policy

populations. The fact that Australia’s delegation had half

development and program delivery.

both people who inject drugs and sex workers has remained extremely low.

without access to antiretroviral treatment. The bulk of

interventions for all people as a basic human right.

HIV infections occur in Sub-Saharan Africa with HIV

In the first week of June I was fortunate to be invited to

of its members from civil society shows a commitment

playing out significantly but slightly differently in our

be part of the Australian delegation to the High Level

in itself to this kind of outreach and a fact applauded by

For more information please contact ACON on

region.

Meeting on HIV at the United Nations General Assembly

many other country delegations.

(02)9206 2000 or acon@acon.org.au

in New York as Australia’s youth representative. I was

www.acon.org.au

5


drink driving in the middle kingdom

It’s not usually the first thing that comes to mind

of years. Drinking alcohol is an important aspect

enforcement levels resulting from a shortage of

when you think about development issues but

of the culture with the consumption of alcohol

equipment and other factors rather than the reality

road safety is fast becoming one of the key health

being associated with building and strengthening

of how often alcohol is a contributing factor.”

issues in the rapidly growing cities across our

business relationships and ties, maintaining family

region. If you’ve ever been to Bangkok or Hanoi

life and playing an important role in traditional

To gain a deeper understanding and a wider picture

or Beijing you’ll remember the crazy traffic and

Chinese medicine.

of the involvement of alcohol in road injuries, increase public awareness about the effects of

your attempts to navigate it and as these, and other, cities across Asia and the Pacific become

However, empirical evidence has shown that

drinking and driving, and assist the police to target

increasingly populated with motorized vehicles

alcohol, even in small amounts, increases the

their resources more effectively, the World Health

the issue isn’t getting any smaller. AYAD Elizabeth

risk of being involved in a crash for motorists

Organization (WHO) and the Global Road Safety

Payne is in China working with the World Health

and pedestrians. Not only does alcohol impair

Partnership (GRSP) are supporting China’s efforts

Organisation,

the

processes critical to safe road use, such as vision

to mitigate the drinking and driving issue in China.

Chinese community to help come to terms with

and reaction time, but it is also associated with

this brave new motorized world.

impaired judgment and is so often linked to other

The GRSI Drinking and Driving Project in Guangxi

high risk road use behavior such as not wearing

is a four-year project, which aims to firstly

seat belts or speeding.

understand the real scale of the problem of

Chinese

Government

and

China, once known for the plethora of bicycles on

alcohol impaired driving in the two largest cities in

its roads, has now overtaken Japan to become the world’s second largest automobile market after the

Drinking and driving and related fatalities and

Guangxi – Nanning and Liu Zhou – and then initiate

US, with the popularity of motor vehicles growing

injuries are still a serious problem among both

targeted measures to reduce drinking and diving

through a period of rapid economic development

developed and low income countries around the

in these pilot cities. The partner organizations are

and increasing mobility. However, the growth in

world. Road traffic injuries are a major public

the WHO, GRSI, the Health and Human Resources

the number of motorized vehicles also increases

health problem and leading cause of death, injury

Development Centre (HHRDC) of the Ministry of

concerns about fatalities and injuries as a result of

and disability. This not only creates significant

Health (MOH) and local government agencies in

traffic collisions, and the Chinese Government is

costs for individuals, families and communities,

Guangxi.

taking steps to make roads safer and strengthen

but also places a heavy burden on health services

the implementation of road safety policies.

and economies.

One such policy concerns the issue of drinking

“Currently in China official crash records show

data was collected through roadside breath testing

and driving in China. China is one of the oldest

that fewer than five per cent of fatalities involve

and hospital blood tests of drivers involved in

brewing countries in the world, with the Chinese

alcohol”

this

both fatal and serious injury collisions to obtain a

consuming fermented beverages for thousands

very low proportion actually reflects the limited

greater understanding of the prevalence of alcohol

The project is divided into two phases. The first phase was the situational study. In this phase,

says

Elizabeth,

“unfortunately


Examples of the posters used in the public education campaign

local government, WHO, GRSP, the automotive

taking the necessary steps to build a road

industry, HHRDC, local Centers for Disease Control

safety environment and contribute to a

and Prevention, local police traffic partners and

harmonious society.

community representatives. Elizabeth is grateful for the opportunity At the launch, Dr. Cris Tunon from WHO stipulated

to be involved in this project while on her

the importance of breaking down cultural barriers

AYAD placement:

when it came to drinking and driving: “This intervention is the first of its kind in “The public must know why drinking and driving is

China and it looks like there are going to

both unsafe and anti-social, be aware that there are

be some real tangible results. Drinking

laws in place, perceive a high risk of being caught

and driving is a serious problem in China

if they break the law, and know that if they are

and many countries around the world and

caught, there will be a heavy price to pay”.

has a devastating impact on both the local community and the Chinese economy.

The public education campaign is focused on

It was great to be involved in such a

the theme of “taking care of people; taking care

significant project that is supported by

of life”. The campaign calls for society to take on

state and national Chinese government as

the responsibility of passing on the message to

well as important players in the international

drivers and motorists: “If you drink do not drive; if

community like the UN and GRSP”.

you drive do not drink”. In addition, the enhanced enforcement activities will help to create the use among drivers as well as the alcohol related

used to develop policy and intervention strategies

perception among the driving population that if you

crash rate in both cities. The study indicated that

to reduce drinking and driving and the road traffic

drink-drive, you will be caught anytime, anywhere.

drinking and driving was an issue that could be

crashes and fatalities related to alcohol use.”

addressed more effectively.

There is still a long way to go in overcoming the Phase 2 of the project is an intervention that

drinking and driving problem in the world including

“This is the first study to assess the problem of

includes both public education and enforcement.

China, but the Chinese Government has now

drinking and driving among motor vehicle drivers

The official launch of the intervention was held

recognized the growing political will and importance

in China” said Dr. Zhang Junhua, Assistant Director

in Nanning and Liu Zhou in May this year. The

for strategies to prevent injury on China’s roads

of HHRDC, Ministry of Health, “the findings will be

launching events included guest speakers from

and through interventions such as this project, is

7


Mongolia is a country characterised by extreme contrast. The wide, ancient

As part of a sponsorship exchange with mining company Rio Tinto, the

Gabrielle says one of the major struggles facing Mongolian youth is the

plains of the Gobi roll on and over the horizon, while the circular warmth

Voice Box show produced an episode exploring the life of young people in

struggle between preserving traditional ways of life while adjusting to

of the traditional ger is intimate and welcoming. Gabrielle Brady is halfway

Gobi-Altai, a relatively small and remote aimag. Gabrielle visited a number

the global demand to modernise. The Voice Box project is an innovative

through her AYAD assignment in Mongolia, and believes she will never stop

of local schools during her stay in the aimag-centre and was blown away by

hybrid. English language is a key that gives Mongolian people the

being inspired by the extremity of this challenging and vibrant country.

the enthusiasm of the children.

opportunity for choice in the wider world. More than this though, the Voice

Gabrielle is the Host and Producer of Voice Box TV, an English language

“On a Saturday, thirty students assembled at school in full uniform to

show aired nationally across Mongolia. Based in Ulaanbataar, the coldest

participate in the filming of a segment we call ‘Street Karaoke’. We sang

capital city in the world, Gabrielle’s life is what you could call “colourful”.

‘Yellow Submarine’, quite ironically because we were in the depths of the

Before being appointed as an AYAD, Gabrielle worked as an Assistant

She finds her work creative, rewarding, and of course challenging.

Gobi desert. The kids were so enthusiastic and eager to learn English,

Producer on Channel Seven’s Sunrise program and just before her AYAD

hear it and speak it. The school had also prepared a special room proudly

placement she was promoted to the position of Producer for The Morning

The aim of Voice Box is to teach English in a fun and entertaining way

displaying the medals and awards of its outstanding students, purely for

Show. Gabrielle finds it almost impossible to compare her time on the

that is accessible for even the most remote Mongolian youth. Gabrielle

the benefit of our camera. Their pride was awesome. I felt like I had really

Seven Network to her work with Voice Box. “Let’s just say that on the first

says, “Young Mongolian people, in fact most Mongolians in general, are

entered the lives of these students and discovered their hopes and dreams.

day of filming I was a little shocked to walk in to the studio and discover

so enthusiastic to learn English. Television is the ideal platform to teach as

It was then I thought, ‘now I know exactly why I am doing this’. It was

the director shouting instructions at me though a mega phone! Slightly

many people as we can, in a really creative and productive way. I mean

definitely a career highlight. ”

different to the small radio mikes that sit in your ear back at Sunrise, but it

Box show directly teaches Mongolian people the English language to

almost all households have a TV!”

describe their own life and culture, with pride.

still does the job and that’s the important thing.” Gabrielle explains that the majority of English learning is text-based, which is

Gabrielle discovered the extent of televisions popularity here in Mongolia on

a huge problem. Texts are inaccessible for many remote and disadvantaged

In her future, Gabrielle aims to produce both documentary and dramatic

a recent trip to the remote northern Taiga region. “We were invited to visit

communities and quickly go out of date. Voice Box provides an interactive

films for both television and the cinema, exploring the rich cultures of

a family in the isolated Taiga area. I walked in and was shocked to see the

media model that is up-to-date with the English-speaking world. The project

our world, in order to share the diversity of human experience between

family sitting around, watching the Voice Box show! It was such a surreal

is especially innovative as it concentrates on issues, areas of interests and

people. Stimulated by her colourful life in Mongolia, Gabrielle is filled with

moment to be in what seemed like the edge of the earth and seeing Voice

recounts stories relevant to the Mongolian youth.

optimism, and is eager to continue creating quality and purposeful work.

Box on screen. I think the family was just as shocked when they met me!” Gabrielle is grateful for the strong network of support in Ulaanbataar Gabrielle is currently the host, the producer, editor and sole facilitator of

provided by the AYAD Program, and the presence of other foreign aid

the entire multi-media project that was started in 2006 by AYAD Catherine

organizations and affiliated Mongolian institutes. Gabrielle says the

Gearing. “Catherine really set the idea of the Voice Box show in motion. The

challenges of working in a developing country can sometimes be tough, “It

following AYAD’s Dave and Seb (Dave Lipson and Seb Fowler) then stepped

can be really isolating living in a non-English speaking city. Working in a field

in and brought the project to life. It was intimidating to take over the show

that relies on technology, my work can often be very frustrating. It has been

on my own, but now I really feel like the project is going great guns”.

so amazing meeting some really supportive Mongolian friends. I will have to say the AYAD Program has also been a lifesaver. I guess it’s just nice knowing there is someone to help out if you have a problem. My In Country Manager Munkhtuul has very much become my Mongolian mum!”

9


There was beer, sausage sandwiches and men running around in singlets and shorts. It may sound like the average weekend in Australia during the footy season but here the weather was warm and humid and the field was the National University of Laos Stadium in Vientiane.

In communities where there are low literacy and schooling levels, sport provides a platform for the community to come together and for local governments and organisations to educate on issues as diverse as HIV/AIDs, employment opportunities and gender equality.

A similar vision can be seen in Jakarta, Indonesia where Aussie Rules Football is taking off thanks to the help of AYAD Chris Bandy and his work with the Jakarta Bintangs team.

But even at its base level, teaching sports can be a way to provide young people with confidence, people skills, leadership and a friendly face and these things can go a long way to improving relationships and providing opportunities for the future.

It may seem like a long stretch to talk about development and the AFL in the same breath but AYAD sports placements are on the increase and their effects on communities are strong and spread well beyond the oval. Sports for development is increasingly being seen as a method of bringing life skills to the fore for communities across the Asia Pacific region. Sports assignments with the AYAD Program are being used by local organisations and communities for diverse ends including health education and awareness, engaging at risk youth, building teamwork and developing links between areas within countries and across the broader region.

AYAD Chris Bandy is spending a year in Jakarta working on an AFL assignment. He is working with a schools program that is introducing AFL to young people across Indonesia. “It’s amazing to go into a school and get them involved with sport,” says Chris, “Often it’s not only the first time the kids have seen an Australian football but it’s the first time they’ve been encouraged to go out and kick any ball around and play a team sport. You can really see the effect on the kid’s faces. The big smiles say it all.”

Chris’s AFL assignment isn’t only about local schools. As the Football Development Officer he is also working (and playing) with the Jakarta Bintangs team. The Jakarta Bintangs were formed in 1995 as an outlet for Australians in Jakarta who wanted to play AFL but has since expanded to become more than that with the team traveling to different parts of Asia about four times a year to play. “Essentially we’re playing international football and that’s something very cool to be able to say and involving local people from the respective countries is a great way to spread our game globally,” says Chris, “the benefits are camaraderie, mateship and the general fun involved with playing footy.” Sport is a great way to get across some pretty serious messages and have some serious impact but that doesn’t stop it from being great fun to play nor does it stop the opportunities to have a laugh together (while enjoying that sausage sandwich and a beer).

1


Earlier this year the Jakarta Bintangs clashed with the Lao Elephants in the first international Australian Rules Football match ever to be played in Laos. Check out AYAD Kel Fitzgerald’s tongue-in-cheek account of the big Laos-Indonesia clash and the AFL craziness that, for one glorious afternoon, overtook the home of the Laos Elephants in Vientiane… The setting for the game was the National University of Laos Stadium in the capital city Vientiane, and a crowd was there to see the Lao Elephants take on the Jakarta Bintangs team. Enthusiasm was strong from Lao Elephants Club President Marty Sharples, who thought the Elephants had a chance against a team he describes as an Asian powerhouse of AFL. The Elephants had the hometown advantage but were unable to stomp the Indonesian blow-ins, going down 90-42. But the final score did not record all of the goals kicked that day. Australian Youth Ambassadors for Development, expats and Lao nationals took to the field, building relationships that continued long after the last whistle was blown. Marty Sharples says AYADs are the “”backbone” of the Laos side, with recent intakes contributing some fine players to the team. “Of note Sunny Forsyth, the sweatiest man in Asian football; Frederic Jean-Jean, Woolongong’s greatest ever French Italian backman and Adam Kaminski the club’s youngest ever player,” he said.

“There’s Tom Schauble, a nerd amongst jocks; George Costa, the best treasurer in the history of the club; Paul Corletto, the best Paul Corletto in the history of the club, and Henry Fenner, best on ground.”

AYAD Leda Kalleske and former AYAD Kate Dalrymple teamed up with Australian Embassy to Laos second secretary Emily Russell to take on umpiring responsibilities and were completely unbiased.

The Lao Elephants team was founded in 2007 and comprises a motley crew of about 20 players. They’ve participated in two international events: the 2007 Asian Football Championships, in affiliation with the Vietnam Swans, and a tri-nations tournament involving Thailand, Vietnam and Lao PDR in November last year.

The Elephants’ cheer squad made the banners and volunteers manned a barbecue with proceeds going to charity. Sponsors and the post-match event raised more than $1800 for COPE Laos (Cooperative Orthotic Prosthetic Enterprise), which supports the development of prosthetic, orthotic and rehabilitation services in Laos.

Many of those in the crowd that Saturday didn’t know this background - some of us, myself included, didn’t even know the rules.

“Cope Laos does fantastic work providing prosthetic and orthopedic services to disabled people in Lao, many of whom have had their lives devastated by unexploded ordinance,” said Marty, “for the Elephants it was a no-brainer that we wanted to support Cope in any way, shape or form.”

Nevertheless the game was enjoyable, made even more entertaining by Marty’s match report published in the Vientiane Times newspaper: “The Bintangs’ class showed in the second quarter as they slammed through goal after goal with the Elephants looking tired and shot. With an eight goal lead at the main break it looked ugly,” he wrote. “The third quarter will, however, go down in Pachyderm folklore as the greatest quarter in the proud history of Laotian football. Goals from Michael Hassett, Henry Fenner, Eamon Fitzpatrick, and Marty Sharples brought the margin back to five goals at three quarter time and the excited crowd was lifting the pink and grey to new heights.” “At the break murmurs were heard around the ground.…‘could the ‘phants do it?’” “In short the answer to that question was no.”

It was one game on one day, but it was an event that brought people together with a common goal, promoted friendship and supported a good cause. When time was called one team was up 48 points but there were no losers. The Elephants’ next challenge will be at the 2008 Asian Championships in Singapore on Sep 6. For more information on the teams check out www.bintangs.com or www.laoelephants.com


Overpage : Students at a school in Jakarta are all smiles after their ďŹ rst footy lesson. Far Left : Volunteer umpires before the game meeting with the captains of both national teams. Left : AYADs soaking up the atmosphere at the Elephant - Bingtang clash.

3


AYADs Sunny Forsyth and Kirsty Harvey

AFESIP’s strategy is to provide three stages

have joined forces with Laos organisation,

of assistance: to rehabilitate victims of human

AFESIP (Acting for Women in Distressing

trafficking in its purpose built shelter, to monitor

Situations) to help rehabilitate, support

and support women working in prostitution, and

and provide training for victims of human

to provide vocational training and empowering

trafficking.

business opportunities that allow survivors to return to positions of value and respect in the

Human trafficking is the trade of human beings

community.

for the purpose of exploiting their labour, and Laos is a source country. According to the

Intake 18 AYAD Sunny Forsyth knew little about

United Nations Inter-Agency Project on Human

human trafficking when he arrived in Laos in

Trafficking in the Greater Mekong Sub-region

March 2007 to work with AFESIP. He knew

(UNIAP), accurate figures on human trafficking

that AFESIP needed his skill set to help carry

are not available. UNIAP says estimates for

out their core work but human trafficking was

trafficking in the region range from a few

new territory.

thousand to 200,000 per year. No matter the numbers, the effects of human trafficking from

“Friends warned me of the difficulties of working

Laos are widespread and it is often the most

in this area because they had seen the movie

disadvantaged people who are targeted for

Human Traffic, but that’s really all I knew about

trafficking.

it,” Sunny said.

AFESIP was founded by Cambodian woman

His role was to build AFESIP’s capacity to

Somaly Mam, who was also a victim of

manage projects and donor reporting. He

sexual exploitation through trafficking. The

was joined by fellow AYAD Kirsty Harvey who

organisation started in Cambodia in 1996 and

was engaged to strengthen AFESIP’s role in

later expanded to Thailand, Vietnam, and lastly

providing clinical psychological assistance to

Laos in 2006.

trafficking victims.


b r i n g i n g s o m e s u n s h i n e Kirsty said she learnt trafficking in South East

“later that week we heard this story was

She tested positive for AIDS and had a rocky

However on the up side, AFESIP had success

Asia affected many more women and children

incorrect - the girl was actually eight years old.

start when she began her rehabilitation in

in building a new shelter in southern Laos and

in poorer villages than statistics indicated.

That day was the closest I came to crying at

AFESIP’s shelter, but she soon developed into

improving the working relationship with the

work.”

a role model for the other girls.

government to increase its willingness to keep

to be trafficked is much easier for traffickers

Kirsty has also found it challenging especially

Elizabeth has now returned to her village and is

than you would expect, because the false

when she takes women to the clinic for their

working towards establishing a restaurant with

Processes to close down and prosecute brothel

promise of greater pay or life in a bustling capital

first STD checks, hears their stories and sees

the help of AFESIP.

owners in Laos are slow by western standards,

is enough to lure these girls into the situation,”

the physical signs of abuse.

human trafficking on the agenda.

“The process of recruiting women and children

she said.

but there has been significant progress. The Despite the difficulties of operating in this

Lao government has signed a national plan of

She tells the story of one of the women she

sensitive area and abiding by legal protocols,

action to reduce trafficking, and AFESIP Lao

“Despite the large proportion of women

has worked with: “Elizabeth was a child left for

Kirsty finds her work extremely satisfying.

fits into this plan by providing a leadership role

and children being trafficked into Thailand ’s

dead in the middle of the night in a village in

booming sex sector, there are also many other

provincial Laos. She had broken bones and a

“These survivors of such significant trauma

working industries exploiting these trafficking

gaping leg wound from a motorcycle accident

continued to surprise me with their immense

While the AYADs’ roles may have been designed

victims, like the domestic, construction, factory,

caused by the men who had just paid her for

strength, resilience and hope for a better life.

to teach skills to local staff, Sunny said learning

and agricultural sectors.”

sex. After deciding against dumping her body

Observing children move through their recovery

was a huge part of the experience.

in the river, her customers decided to abandon

process to the point where they can interact

Working in this environment can be emotionally

her instead. She called her pimp for help, but

and simply play and laugh as children their age

“I was inspired by my Lao colleagues’ attitudes

draining, as Sunny soon discovered.

was told no one would come to save her.”

should, is just so incredibly rewarding,” She

to the shocking situations they encountered on

said.

a day to day basis. In the midst of all this doom

and building capacity of government officials.

and gloom they were able to have a laugh and

“One day we heard a story about a girl who had

Elizabeth was alone and had no one to turn to

been sold into prostitution by her mother, to her

– a situation facing many children and women

aunt, at the age of thirteen. The girl had been

who are trafficked into sexual exploitation in

sold to cover the mother’s gambling debts,” he

Laos and throughout South East Asia. She

Nine victims returned to the sex trade in Thailand

Kirsty agrees, “I consider myself so fortunate to

said,

was able to contact AFESIP that night and they

after they had been repatriated to Laos and

have been able to work with such receptive,

picked her up and took her to hospital.

there were also ongoing funding challenges.

hopeful and inspiring people.”

Last year was a rollercoaster for AFESIP Laos.

smile at the drop of a hat,” he said, “I think they dealt with it a lot better than us westerners did.”

For more information on AFESIP’s work in Laos visit www.afesiplaos.org.

5 9


Title

Intro


AYAD Shenagh Gamble knew that working on waste

So what is the waste problem here in the Philippines?

countries. The Philippines seems to be where Australia

Initiatives such as these are appearing all around me

management issues in the Philippines would be a

It is overwhelming to even contemplate that question.

and other developed countries were 20 or 30 years ago.

the more that I delve into waste management here in

challenge with a mountain of obstacles but she soon

Overpopulation of urban areas, over packaging of

discovered that changing individual’s ideas and actions

everything, inadequate infrastructure and facilities,

In more recent times, Australia has seen a shift away

generally lack funds to investigate high technology waste

are the first steps to sustainable change:

poor education and lack of awareness of the impact

from short term, end of pipe waste management

management and disposal options, and so embark on

of individual behaviours, lower environmental and work

solutions toward consumer focused educational

lower budget trial and error style experimentation of

Arriving in the middle of the rainy season to a city full

safety standards, persistent “NIMBY” attitudes and a

strategies. Waste education is now seen as the key in

all sorts of projects – from the composting of sanitary

of diesel choked jeeps and trucks coughing out fumes

tendency to point the finger of blame at someone else

reaching management targets and improving waste

napkins to making floor and ceiling tiles out of melted

so thick you can feel them on your skin, wasn’t exactly

are all contributing factors to the mammoth issue of

management systems to ensure their effectiveness. A

down plastic bags, from fashionable handbags made

what I had expected when I applied to work for a year

waste in the Philippines.

case in point is in my municipality of La Trinidad where a

out of drink containers and canvas billboards to involving

newly constructed and very expensive landfill is ready to

school students in recycling programs to gain credits for

as a volunteer in the Philippines. While the weather has

the Philippines. Universities and local governments

improved considerably, after 7 months of living and

Yet there are surprising similarities with Australia,

be opened. Lack of education in the community means

purchasing school items – that will help to reduce the

working here in the Philippines, I still wonder if I can

problems such as incorrect waste segregation, illegal

that residual waste is too high in biodegradable content

overall amount of waste that is being sent to landfill.

really make a difference here.

dumping and diminishing landfill capacity. But how

to be accepted at the facility. Even if the wastes could

can someone from Australia, where the average waste

be disposed at the facility, current rates of diversion are

We can never know how sustainable the work we do

My name is Shenagh, and I am working as a Waste

generated per capita is close to a kilo per day contribute

so low, and the landfill is so inadequate in size that it is

will be, so I focus on the individual experience. Changes

Management Officer in the Philippines. My project

to waste management in a city with a waste generation

projected to fill up within around 5 years, a short lifespan

in my counterparts and other work colleagues have

has me based in La Trinidad, which is the capital of

rate of about half of that? Where people reuse items

for a landfill by any standards.

been massive, and the excitement continues to build

Benguet Province, around 250km north of Manila, in

in all sorts of creative manners and individuals pool

the mountainous Cordillera Administrative Region. Far

their recyclable materials to sell to “junk shops” for

Despite these disheartening realities, what has been

on waste management. They are the ones who will be

from any of the beaches and diving hot spots that are

recycling? At Benguet State University, rather than

exciting is being involved in waste education activities

living with the outcomes, and although it takes a bit of

associated with the Philippines, Benguet is commonly

directly composting food waste from the canteen, it

within the university, introducing teachers and students

time to get them to open up, they have creative and

known as the summer capital of the Philippines, with

is segregated out for farmers to feed to pigs, further

to a new style of learning, outside the rigid ‘rote learning’

innovative ideas on how they can make things better for

many Manila locals escaping the mid summer heat here

extending the process of reuse before recycling. When

style of the formal education system. After a recent

themselves.

in the mountains and the shade of the Benguet Pines.

it comes to individual waste generation the Philippines

Waste Education Day for primary school students, the

Yet the idyllic mountain image is somewhat outdated

is actually ahead of Australia but the sheer numbers of

university faculty and fourth year Environmental Science

Waste management isn’t something that will ever go

and the overpopulation of nearby Baguio City has led

population mean that the issue of waste management

students met to discuss forming an environmental

away but the more people realise the impact of their

to a massive increase in the number of vehicles passing

is increasingly important if the country is going to stay

theatre group to educate the community. They plan

waste and how they dispose of it the better things are

through La Trinidad, choking the streets with cars,

healthy and clean up its environmental act.

to educate through performance initially within the

going to get and I’m happy to have been a part of that

university but with the vision to extend to neighbouring

process here in the Philippines.

people, heavily polluting diesel fumes, and of course all kinds of waste.

as they finally have an avenue to implement their ideas

In discussions on waste management challenges and

communities, and with an eventual view to travel around

opportunities, some of my colleagues radiate towards

the province delivering educational messages specific

No matter how many times or how many people tell

the more technological options and even use the lack

to the Cordillera Region, and ultimately to consider

you the situation is going to be confronting, frustrating

of available technology as a reason for poor waste

the option of theatrical performances as an Income

and even disheartening, you can’t ever prepare yourself

management. This is a key distinction that I have found

Generating Project (IGP) for the university.

for the reality of working on a problem such as waste

between Australia and the Philippines, although it does

management in a developing country.

reflect the developmental difference between these two

7


Scouting for opportunities. RAYAD Rod Abson shares how he got from Australia to Thailand and now, to Switzerland: As an AYAD, one of the questions you face throughout your journey is ‘What will I do next?’ The answer for me came a little earlier than expected and I’d like to share with you some of my experience as an AYAD in Bangkok, Thailand and how this time has helped me as a RAYAD in my current role in Geneva, Switzerland. I took a position in Intake 17 as a Programme Development Officer with a small multi-national NGO with an office in Bangkok, Thailand called WildAid. WildAid focused on preventing illegal trade in wildlife across South-East Asia - a serious issue in the region. WildAid have gone on to become PeunPa, which means ‘Friends of the Forest’ in Thai, but the work they do remains the same. WildAid/PeunPa works in a number of different ways to address the issues of wildlife protection. Firstly, they work with governments and law enforcement agencies, primarily within South-East Asia, to help them develop the capacity to tackle wildlife enforcement matters and develop effective networks to tackle cross-border trade issues. They also work to raise awareness within the general public through media and public awareness campaigns about the issues of illegal wildlife trade and how to prevent it.


Rod Abson, proudly in uniform, explains an environmental experiment to fellow scouts at the World Scout Jamboree.

On a more local scale, WildAid/PeunPa work with

After 6 months working on this amazing project in

My work is challenging and very rewarding and the

Another result of having been involved in wildlife trade

national parks managers and rangers to improve their

Thailand I was excited when an opportunity arose

world wide dimension of it means I work with a multi-

issues is that now I cannot look at a newspaper without

capacity to monitor and patrol the parks and directly

to work with the World Organisation of the Scout

cultural team of colleagues and could be in contact

picking up on any reference to poaching, medicinal use

tackle wildlife poachers and illegal loggers. They also

Movement. Having been involved in Scouting as

with Scouts from virtually any country on a day-to-day

of wildlife and trade articles!

support community outreach projects and work to

a volunteer for about 19 years, I couldn’t miss the

basis. The potential to make an influence is strong and

develop alternative livelihoods for communities living

opportunity to apply for a job which combined

I am inspired by the Scouting stories I receive of Scouts

I’m grateful to the staff and communities I worked

near to the national parks to help prevent illegal wildlife

several of my biggest interests and the job was in

making a difference to their world.

with at WildAid/PeunPa in Thailand and for the AYAD

trade.

the Environment Education Programme which tied in

During my time as an AYAD I primarily worked on

experience which has taught me so much and I now

perfectly to the experience I had gained from my AYAD

I know that my experience as an AYAD has helped

look forward to inspiring more young people around the

placement!

me in my current role in a number of different ways.

world to get involved and make a difference.

local projects and from that learnt a great deal about

It has given me cross-cultural training and a greater

the needs of people in rural areas who have few

My new position involves supporting the development

understanding of the development field which has

PeunPa is a member of international Wildlife Alliance.

options for making a living. I learnt how wildlife trade

of the World Scout Environment Programme and

helped me appreciate different approaches to life and

For more information on PeunPa and Wildlife Alliance

and illegal timber harvesting can be a lucrative, yet

engaging with our membership to have a greater

the variation in the needs and wants of people around

see www.peunpa.org and www.wildlifealliance.

dangerous, choice and what small-scale options could

understanding of the environmental challenges facing

the world.

org, respectively. For more information on the World

provide alternative livelihoods for villages to replace

the world today and how Scouts can make informed

these practices. Visiting the ex-poachers villages

choices to act to support these challenges. To provide

It also gave me the opportunity to work in a multi-

and seeing the crops of vegetables and tasting the

a basic overview of the world of Scouting, there are

cultural environment in Thailand, which further prepared

fresh mushrooms grown in the ‘mushroom barns’

some 28 million Scouts, girls, boys, women and men, in

me to work in my new international environment. I

which WildAid/PeunPa had supported were a couple

215 countries and territories around the world so being

gained an understanding of the funding, operations and

of highlights. Another great experience was to have

a part of this Programme is fantastic.

reporting cycles many NGOs follow and the importance

explored some of the forests of Khao Yai National

Organisation of the Scout Movement see

of maintaining productive working relationships with

Park, one of the largest parks in Thailand, with a rich

One of the first tasks in my new job was working with

your partners at all levels and, not least of all, by living

diversity of wildlife so different from Australia’s, including

an international team to develop four environment

and working in another country away from your home,

elephants, gibbons, sun bears and jackals.

workshops for the World Scout Jamboree, an event

the AYAD Program gave me a greater understanding of

over two weeks with 40,000 participants from 168

the world picture, something which has come in handy

countries! Focussing on the issues of Climate Change,

when working at the world level.

Disaster Preparedness, Green Living and Renewable Energy, we were able to test programme ideas with Scouts from all corners of the Earth.

www.scout.org

9


A valuable part of the AYAD experience is the sense of personal and civic

Her four week placement involved research on the topic of ethical

responsibility it can invoke in participants, who often witness first hand the

consumerism, and the initial development of a local guide to shopping

real life impacts of poverty. For many volunteers the AYAD Program offers

ethically. Based on her consultation and fact finding, it was decided that

an introduction to a career in international development, and as AYADs

a more comprehensive guide on the topic of ethical shopping could

choose to take up further opportunities in this area they find that the AYAD

potentially be a valuable and popular resource for Perth consumers. Anita

experience has equipped them with greater knowledge, compassion and

then enlisted the help of creative consultant and co-producer Natalija

determination to make a difference.

Brunovs, who brought her design and marketing skills to the project.

Anita Lumbus is a returned AYAD whose experience overseas inspired her

Together Anita and Natalija spent a further two years working on the guide

to continue to work for global equity. Anita was an AYAD in the Philippines

in a voluntary capacity, in between their work and studies. With funding

from 2004 to 2005. Anita was based in Manila, where she worked as a

and encouragement from the Perth campaign staff at Oxfam Australia they

research and communications specialist at a government agency, the

were able to launch a pilot version of the booklet in early 2008, which they

Local Government Academy, which provided training and capacity building

titled The Good Grocery Guide.

for local governments throughout the Philippines. During her placement she helped with developing communication resources, such as the

The Good Grocery Guide is a pocket-sized booklet on ethical shopping

agency’s annual report and newsletters and she also helped research and

and is also accompanied by a comprehensive web site. The guide

produce an educational tool on citizenship and community participation.

explores what it means to be an ethical shopper, includes facts about the difference you can make by choosing products that are considered ethical,

After returning to Perth Anita wanted to apply her experience of the

and lists products and Perth stores which specialise in ethical goods.

Philippines to encourage community activism at a local level. She took up

The guide has so far been enthusiastically received by shoppers and

the opportunity to undertake a RAYAD Development Internship at Oxfam

businesses, and has received local media coverage. Many of the ethical

Australia.

outlets listed are now stocking the booklet and it is also being purchased regularly via the web site.


Left: Anita and Natalija shopping the ‘good food guide’ way...

AUSTRALIAN PARTNER ORGANISATIONS

“The great thing about this project is it encourages

site. In doing so we are able to enhance the content

The AYAD Program works with a diverse range of

Aceh Research Training Institute

consumers to make informed decisions about the

of the Good Grocery Guide and help create a sense

Australian Partner Organisations who provide support,

ACIAR

products they buy, and support products based on

of community ownership of the project.”

enthusiasm and expertise to projects in all our partner

ADRA

countries.

AIDS Council of New South Wales.

their values,” said Anita. “Such decisions might mean buying Fairtrade products which help poor farmers

“The Development Internship at Oxfam Australia was

in the developing world, buying local to reduce on

a fantastic opportunity after my time as an AYAD in

Australian Partner Organisations (APOs) are

Asia-Pacific Journalism Centre

food miles and support local industry, choosing

the Philippines. In addition to allowing me to develop

Australian government departments, non-government

AUSTCARE

environmentally friendly products, or supporting

my professional skills and use my passion for social

organisations (NGOs), educational institutions and

Australian Bureau of Meteorology

companies which offer cruelty free products.”

change, I was able to be part of a project which

private companies that have or wish to establish links

Australian Development Gateway

has taken on a life of its own and is growing into

with organisations working in development in the Asia

Australian Foundation for Asia and the Pacific

something quite successful.”

Pacific region.

Australian Human Rights Centre

times when I was overseas. But there are so many

In addition to her work on the Good Grocery Guide,

The benefits of being an Australian Partner

Australian National University

simple things you can do at a local level which do

Anita is also studying a Masters degree in Human

Organisation are many and varied including building

Australian Orangutan Project

make a difference. This project harnesses that, by

Rights Practice and working in social research. She

new partnerships in our region, providing an amazing

Australian Red Cross

giving people information on how to use their buying

aims to gain further employment in the international

professional development opportunity for staff and

Australian Rugby Union

power to take action, be it by buying something such

development sector upon completion of her studies

making a positive contribution to development.

Australian Sports Commission

as Fairtrade tea or coffee, or thinking twice about

at the end of the year.

“Sometimes the problems of the world can seem so

ANZ Bank

overwhelming to people and I definitely felt this at

Australian Mekong Resource Centre

whether they really need to make a purchase in the

Baptist World Aid Australia

If you are interested in learning more about partnering

Be a Hero Australia

first instance, as choosing not to engage in over

Anita and Natalija plan to produce an official first

with the AYAD Program please contact the AYAD

Blue Dragon Children’s Foundation (Australia)

consumption is just as important.”

edition of the guide in 2009. The Good Grocery Guide

Partnerships Team at apo.ayad@austraining.com.au

Box Hill Institute of TAFE

can be viewed at

or (freecall) 1800 225 592.

Brisbane Institute of Strength Based Practice

“The guide also asks readers to contribute their

www.goodgroceryguide.org.au

Burnet Institute

knowledge of ethical products and stores, and we

The AYAD Program would like to thank our current

CARE Australia

add information we receive from them to our web

active APOs for their involvement and support:

CARITAS Australia


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July

Central Animal Records Australia Pty Ltd

GK Ancop Australia

Plan International Australia

Uniting International Mission (UIM)

Central Queensland University

Griffith University

Planning Institute of Australia (National)

University of Adelaide

Charles Darwin University

Habitat for Humanity

Presbyterian Ladies’ College

University of Melbourne

August

Child Fund

Hassall and Associates

Queensland Institute of Medical Research

University of Queensland

2-3

Chisholm Institute of TAFE

Hope Worldwide

Rainforest Rescue Ltd

University of Sydney

18-28

Info Sessions across Australia

28

APO/RAYAD Networking Event (Sydney)

29

Intake 24 (March 09) Assignments online

19-20

State Representative Workshop (Canberra)

RAYAD Debrief (Sydney)

Christian Blind Mission International (CBMI)

Humane Society International

Roads and Traffic Authority

University of Tasmania

CLAN (Caring and Living as Neighbours)

iEARN

Royal Australian College of Physicians

University of Technology Sydney

Commonwealth Ombudsman

International Australian Football Council (IAFC)

Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne

University of Western Sydney

September

Constitutional Centre of Western Australia

International Centre for Eyecare Education

Royal Life Saving Society Australia

URS Sustainable Development

14-19

Deakin University

International Cricket Council East Asia Pacific

Save the Children Australia

Vets Beyond Borders

Department of Agriculture and Food, Western

International Fund for Animal Welfare

Scarlet Alliance, Australian Sex Workers Association

Victoria University

Australia

International Rugby Board

Scouts Australia

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE

Department of Environment, Water, Heritage

International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics

So Mot

Wetlands International – Oceania

November

and the Arts

International Women’s Development Agency

Speech Language & Learning: Educational Therapy

World Vision Australia

18

APO/RAYAD Networking Event (Melbourne)

Department of Immigration and Citizenship

Interserve Australia

Consultancy

World Youth International

22-23

RAYAD Debrief (Melbourne)

Department of Primary Industries and

Jane Goodall Institute Australia

Susila Dharma Australia Inc

WSPA

Fisheries, Queensland

Land Equity International Pty Ltd

The Fred Hollows Foundation

WWF - Australia

Engineers Without Borders

Macquarie University

Tonga Australian Football Association

Youth Challenge Australia

Environmental Defenders Office Ltd

Manly-Manado Inc.

Transparency International Australia

Flinders University of South Australia

Marie Stopes International Australia

Triathlon Australia

Friends of Venilale

Murdoch University

UNHCR Australia

Foundation for Developing Cambodian

National Library of Australia

UNICEF Australia

Communities (FDCC)

Oxfam Australia

UNIFEM Australia

George Institute for International Health

Permaculture Research Institute

Union Aid Abroad (APHEDA)

GHD Pty Ltd

Philippines Australia Studies Centre (PASC)

UniQuest Pty Ltd

Intake 23 PDT

October 16

APO/RAYAD Networking Event (Canberra) (tbc)

These details are correct at time of printing. Please check www.ayad.com.au for the latest information.


DO YOU HAVE A PASSION FOR CONTRIBUTING TO DEVELOPMENT? au Australia Freecall : 1800 225 592 Telephone : +61 (8) 8364 8500 Email : info@ayad.com.au Managed by Austraining International Pty Ltd Level 1, 41 Dequetteville Tce, Kent Town SA 5067 www.ayad.com.au

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