Mackinnon 2020 Catalogue

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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE



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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

Mackinnon Fine Furniture 5 Ryder Street St James's London SW1Y 6PY Telephone: +44 (0)20 7839 5671 | Mobile: +44 (0)7725 332 665 | Email: charlie@mackinnonfineart.com

www.mackinnonfineart.com


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INTRODUCTION I am not sure whether anyone could have predicted how this past year was going to pan out. What extraordinary times we have been and still are going through! I always enjoy putting our printed catalogues together and here is our latest. Highlights include the utterly extraordinary pair of paper scroll tables, the Chinese export black lacquer bureau cabinet and the magnificent pair of George II serpentine mahogany commodes of such rare small scale. Pieces with wonderful provenances include the pair of ormolu-mounted card tables from Stowe, the giltwood demi-lune tables from Wilton and the outstanding pair of side chairs from the collections of the Dukes of Leeds at Hornby Castle. Amongst the great rarities are the calamander serpentine commode and the fabulous red japanned bachelors chest. The gallery has now re-opened and we have been delighted to welcome visitors back again to Ryder Street. Please do let us know if you find anything of interest in these pages, and if you would like to come and visit. In the meantime, I hope you enjoy this catalogue.

Charlie Mackinnon Mackinnon Fine Furniture


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A PAIR OF WILLIAM & MARY JAPANNED HIGH-BACK ARMCHAIRS

England, circa 1700 A very fine pair of William & Mary japanned high-back chairs, with outswept arms on double scroll supports, the front legs similarly conceived and united by a horsebone design forerail, joined to the rear legs with a turned and block H-stretcher. Decorated throughout with wonderful polychrome japanned decoration on a black background. The seat and back upholstered in cut velvet. Height: 47¼ in (120 cm) Width across the arms: 23½ in (60 cm) Depth between legs: 21½ in (55 cm) Overall depth: 35½ in (90 cm)

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Literature A. Bowett, English Furniture 1660 – 1714, From Charles II to Queen Anne, 2002, p. 99, pl. 3.54 for a related example at Drumlanrig Castle, home to the Dukes of Buccleuch and p. 237 for a related set of chairs at Dyrham Park.


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A GEORGE II MAHOGANY CARD TABLE

England, circa 1730 A fine early 18th century mahogany card table, the cross-banded top and frieze of particularly good colour. The top, with re-entrant corners, opening to reveal a green baize-lined interior, supported on a gateleg mechanism. With a simple drawer with brass ring pull handle incorporated at each end of the frieze. Standing on three cabriole legs to the rear, and a pair to the front with lappet carved knees all terminating in pad feet. Of very rare small proportions. Height: 29¼ in (74 cm) Width: 28¾ in (72 cm) Depth: 14¼ in (36 cm)

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Provenance Previously with Apter-Fredericks Ltd., London


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A CHINESE EXPORT LACQUER BUREAU CABINET

China, circa 1730 - 1740 An outstanding early 18th century Chinese export lacquer bureau cabinet. Decorated throughout with gilded landscape scenery highlighted on a black lacquer background, the arched cresting over two mirrored doors enclosing an architectural interior fitted with shelves, drawers, dividers and sliding panels, the lower section with a slant front revealing further drawers, and pilaster disguised pockets flanking a small central door, over three graduated shaped drawers, the sides similarly decorated, on a shaped apron with stylised bracket feet. With carrying handles to the upper section. Height: 97¼ in (240 cm) Width: 44¾ in (114 cm) Depth: 25¼ in (64 cm)

Literature T. Clemmonson, ‘Some Furniture Made in China in the English Style, Exported from Canton to Denmark, 1735, 1737 and 1738’, Furniture History, 1985, pp. 174-177 This magnificent lacquer cabinet was made in Canton for the export market. Oriental lacquer was prized in Europe as early as the 16th century when the Portuguese first brought back examples from Japan. Lacquered furniture for the European Court was primarily made in Nanking, Tonking and Canton and predominantly consisted of smaller, easily transportable items such as tripod tables, sewing tables, dressing mirrors, work boxes and caddies. They followed Western forms which were either copied from actual examples sent to China or from printed European designs. Large case pieces such as this cabinet were, due to the complexity and expense involved in their production and shipping, consequently very rare. The particular form and decoration of this bureau cabinet suggest that it was most likely made for the Danish market. Trade between Denmark and the Far East was important and long established; the Danish East India Company had been founded by King Christian V in 1616 and was revived by Christian VI in 1732 and renamed the Royal Danish Asiatic Company. There is a pair of cabinets, now at the Royal Castle of Fredensborg in Denmark, which was originally acquired by Christian VI for the Royal Collection in 1738 from Captain Guillame de Brouwer of the ship Sleswig. The cabinets were described as ‘scrip contours’, or writing cabinets, in the bill of sale after his 1737-38 voyage. There is a further cabinet of similar design from the collection of Lord Plender, now in the Victoria & Albert Museum, London.

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A GEORGE III MAHOGANY ARMCHAIR

In the manner of Thomas Chippendale England, circa 1765 A George III Chippendale period carved mahogany armchair of exceptional quality. The rectangular back, serpentine-fronted seat, and armrests upholstered in superb needlework with blooming flowers and foliage on a rare ivory background. The seat-frame, legs and arms all with superb crisply carved detail, the mahogany of excellent colour throughout. Standing on elegant carved cabriole legs with scroll toes to the front, the splayed back legs also beautifully carved. Height: 39 in (99 cm) Width: 26 in (66.5 cm) Depth: 29½ in (75 cm)

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Provenance With Partridge Fine Arts, Mayfair, 1982 Private Collection With Mallett & Son (Antiques) Ltd., London, 2002 Private Collection, England Literature Mallett Catalogue, 2002, p. 38


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A REGENCY ROSEWOOD BRASS INLAID CENTRE TABLE

England, circa 1810 A very fine Regency period centre table, the circular top veneered in well figured rosewood with elaborate brass-inlaid border, standing on a tri-form base similarly decorated, and supported on superbly carved lion paw feet. Height: 28¼ in (72 cm) Diameter: 49 in (124.5 cm)

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Provenance M. Harris & Sons, London, 1971 Private Collection, France


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A GEORGE III ORMOLU MOUNTED BOMBÉ COMMODE

Attributed to John Cobb England, circa 1775 A very fine and rare George III kingwood bombé commode attributed to John Cobb. The serpentine fronted top crossbanded in rosewood and centred by an oval panel of amboyna on a quarter-veneered kingwood ground, with three similarly veneered serpentine drawers, the corners, apron, and feet with fine ormolu mounts. Height: 32 in (81 cm) Width: 37¾ in (96 cm) Depth: 19¾ in (50 cm)

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An identical pair of commodes was almost certainly supplied to George Grenville, Marquess of Buckingham (1755-1813) for Stowe House, Buckinghamshire. They subsequently passed through the family by descent until sold at Sotheby’s London, Treasures, 6 July 2016, lot 35.


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A GEORGE II WALNUT SETTEE

Attributed to William Hallett England, circa 1725 – 1730 A superb and extremely rare George I walnut settee with shepherds crook arms and standing on three shell carved cabriole legs to the front which terminate in pad feet, and outswept legs to the rear. Each front leg with a carved collar above the foot. The walnut of very fine colour and patina. The shaped upholstered padded back and seat covered in their magnificent original early 18th century needlework, with floral designs on ivory coloured panels framed with russet borders. Height: 43 in (109 cm) Width: 50½ in (128 cm) Depth: 28 in (71 cm)

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The carved collar or ring around the ankle of each front leg is often considered a signature hallmark of the work of William Hallett, one of the leading cabinet-makers in London of the 18th century.


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A PAIR OF GEORGE III SCROLL PAPER TABLES

England, circa 1790 A highly important and extraordinary pair of George III scroll paper tables. The demi-lune tops each with an inset oval painted medallion, with similar panels to the centre of each frieze, depicting a basket of fruit, a musical trophy, birds with chicks in a nest, and a pair of squirrels. The remainder of the tops, friezes, and the facets to the legs profusely decorated in minute coloured scrolled paperwork formations of swags and flowers, with giltwood highlights to the frieze and legs, each terminating in gilded spade feet. Height: 34½ in (87.5 cm) Width: 48¼ in (122.5 cm) Depth: 19½ in (49.5 cm) Provenance With King & Chasemore, 12 December 1969 (advertised in Apollo Magazine) The March Collection With Partridge Fine Art, New Bond Street, London Private Collection, UK

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Selected Literature P. Macqouid, The Leverhulme Art Collections, III, 1928, p. 88, no. 397, pl. 98 G. C. Rothery, ‘Rolled Paper Work,’ The Magazine Antiques, July 1929, pp. 21-24 M. Riccardi-Cubitt, The Art of the Cabinet, 1992, p. 143 for a cabinet on stand G. Walkling, Tea Caddies, 1985 G. Bernard Hughes, ‘English Filigree Paperwork,’ Country Life, 21 September 1951 J. Ruskin, ‘Paper Filigree: A Woman’s Pastime Becomes Art,’ Antiques Journal, March 2008, pp.26-29 J. Field, Collecting Georgian and Victorian Crafts, Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, 1973 C. I. A. Ritchie, Art in Paper, A. S. Barnes and Company, New York, 1976 R. Reif, ‘Paper Filigree: An Art for Leisure,’ New York Times, 8 May 1988 M. F & W. J Papp, Rolled, Scrolled, Crimped and Folded: The Lost Art of Filigree Paperwork, New York, 1988 N. Riley, The Accomplished Lady—A History of Genteel Pursuits, Wetherby, Oblong Creative Ltd, 2017 B. Howe, ‘Rolled Paper-Work,’ Country Life, 5 May 1944, pp.778-79


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Scroll Paper: A History Paper filigree, paper lace, and quilling all refer to the decorative style achieved by rolling up ribbon-like strips of paper into small coils or scrolls and gilding or colouring the paper to create a polychrome effect. When applied together the finished surface takes on a honeycomb-like appearance. The art form derives inspiration from the traditional practice of metal filigree work of 15th century Italy and Austria. The technique was highly prized and spread to Asia where it was enthusiastically practiced by local craftsmen. Filigree work became popular in England towards the end of the 17th century. When Charles II (r.166085) married Catherine of Braganza in 1662, she brought a dowry that included a number of precious objects from India, including impressive caskets and jewellery made in a similar manner with silver and silver gilt filigree. The diarist Samuel Pepys referred to the art form in 1683 when he noted on 14 May, ‘This day we received a baskett from my sister Pall, made by her of paper, which hath a great deal of labour in it for country innocent work.’ The fashion for this decorative style grew steadily in the 18th century and remained popular throughout the Georgian period. A Genteel Pursuit The paper scroll decorative technique was often carried out by ladies as a hobby that was considered both refined and artistic. The New Ladies’ Magazine published an account of paper filigree work including patterns for floral motifs and borders. These designs made use of the wide range of techniques to fold and scroll the papers to make complex and elaborate decoration. The craft was described as being ideally suited for refined women, as ‘the art affords an amusement to the female mind, capable of the most pleasing and extensive variety; it may be readily acquired and pursued at a very trifling expense.’ In Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility, Elinor Dashwood assists Annamaria Middleton in creating a paper filigree basket. Elinor notes, ‘I may be of some use to Miss Lucy Steele, in rolling her papers for her... I should like the work exceedingly’. A Royal Pastime Princess Elizabeth, daughter of George III, is believed to have made a pole screen covered with scroll paper work with floral still life decoration for her physician, Dr. Alexander Fothergill. Along with her four sisters, Elizabeth received tuition in a range of artistic skills, including drawing, lithography, and silhouette portraiture. Princess Elizabeth’s interest in scroll paper work was mentioned in an article published in 1785 promoting the art form. The article, written originally in French by a Mr. Styart, notes in the subtitle that paper filigree-work is ‘at present one of the most polite amusements of young ladies of fashion, and even of the Royal offspring.’ In 1791, Charles Elliott (17521832), a cabinet maker and upholder of Shepard Street who held the role of ‘Royal Upholsterer and Cabinetmaker,’ is known to have supplied Princess Elizabeth with a box prepared for decorating with filigree work, as well as fifteen ounces of different filigree papers and an ounce of gold paper.

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The Market for Scroll Paper Shops offered instruction guides on the technique and accompanying materials, including papers in a rainbow of hues. The stationer and printer William Heath of Well Court, Queen Street Cheapside advertised that it sold ‘Filagree in Colours, Plain/... in Colours, Gilt/ … White do. …. Card do. / Frosting of different fine Colours, for Filigree work.’ Cabinetmakers in turn created picture frames, boxes, and mirrors fitted with recesses for the paper work. S. & J. Fuller at the Temple of Fancy, 34/35 Rathbone Place supplied such frames and boxes to be filled with ‘fancy work,’ which included scroll paper designs. Rudolph Ackermann’s Repository of Arts at 101 The Strand was renowned for its impressive collection of all sorts of artists materials, including ‘various coloured and fancy papers.’ Comparisons Although scroll paper decoration was mostly confined to smaller pieces, such as tea caddies or picture frames, there are a few exceptional pieces of furniture decorated with this delicate technique, including this rare pair of tables and a scroll paper cabinet on stand at the Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sunlight, Cheshire which, in addition to the scroll paper work, is fitted with painted panels and freshwater pearls. The Victoria & Albert Museum has a cabinet stand with architectural pediment (W.14:1-1973) which, like the present pair of tables, features square tapered legs with similar vine decoration alternating with trailing harebells terminating in the same chequered pattern toward the block feet. This decorative style was the subject of an exhibition, ‘Rolled, Scrolled, Crimped, and Folded: The Lost Art of Filigree Paperwork,’ at the Florian Papp Gallery in New York in 1988.


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A GEORGE III MAHOGANY CHEST OF DRAWERS

In the manner of Thomas Chippendale England, circa 1765 A fine George III Chippendale period mahogany serpentine fronted chest of drawers, fitted with four long graduated drawers. The top drawer opening to reveal a baize lined slide over a fitted interior of divided compartments and a central retractable mirror, the canted corners with decorative inlaid veneers. Standing on shaped bracket feet. Height: 33½ in (85 cm) Width: 40 in (102 cm) Depth: 24¼ in (62 cm)

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FROM THE COLLECTIONS OF THE DUKES OF LEEDS

A PAIR OF WILLIAM III SIDE CHAIRS

Attributed to Philip Guibert England, circa 1700 A magnificent and highly important pair of William III gilt-gesso and black-japanned side chairs attributed to Philip Guibert. The arched padded back upholstered in old ‘Genoa’ velvet within rectangular moulded surrounds surmounted by serpentine crestings and with conforming aprons decorated with jewelled motifs punctuated by shells and foliage, the matching upholstered seats with moulded seat rails above valanced aprons decorated with flowerheads and geometric motifs on square panelled baluster front supports with conforming decoration linked to the rear splayed legs by waved and arched X-shaped strechers centered by turned finials and split turned mouldings. Height: 53¼ in (135 cm) Width: 22¼ in (57 cm) Depth: 26 in (66 cm) Provenance Almost certainly supplied to Sir Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds (d.1712) for either Kiveton Park, Yorkshire, or Wimbledon, Surrey Probably the suite recorded in an inventory of Kiveton dated 1727, in the state drawing room on the second floor — “14 Chairs & 2 Stools frames Black & Gold. Cover’d wth flowred Velvt. trim’d wth guilt Mouldings and Serge Cases. / 1 Large Seat Ditto”. Thence by descent at Hornby Castle, Yorkshire to George Godolphin Osborne, 10th Duke of Leeds (1862 - 1927) Christie’s, London, 10 June 1920, lot 114 Acquired by Moss Harris, London Private Collection, UK Sold Sotheby’s, London, 29 January 1960, lot 118 The suite, comprising a settee, single chairs and stools, was advertised for sale by W. Waddingham of London and Harrogate in Apollo, vol. LXXVIII, no. 22 (December 1963) The collection of Baron Phillipe de Rothschild (who gave one pair to the Victoria & Albert Museum) The remaining six acquired by Mallett & Son (Antiques) Ltd., London, 1965 The collection of Mr and Mrs I. W. Colburn, Chicago With Mallett & Son (Antiques) Ltd., London, 2001 Private Collection, UK

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The suite is recorded in the 1838 Inventory of Hornby Castle: An antique settee with high back and ends Japan’d & Gilt with 2 seat cushions covered en suite 8 Japan’d & Gilt high backed antique chairs en suite 2 Japan’d & Gilt stools Of the set of eight chairs, two are now held in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, two in the Art Institute of Chicago and two in the Victoria & Albert Museum, London. The fourth pair we offer here. Selected Literature Adam Bowett, English Furniture 1660-1714 From Charles II to Queen Anne, 2002, illustrated frontispiece Percy Macquoid, The History of English Furniture - The Age of Walnut, 1905, p.114 Edward Joy, The Country Life Book of Chairs, 1967, illustrated on the front cover Ian Wardropper and Lynn Springer Roberts, European Decorative Arts in the Art Institute of Chicago, 1991, p.44 Apollo Magazine, vol. LXXVIII, no. 22 (December 1963), illustrated Country Life, vol. XX, July 14 1906 p.54-64 Adam Bowett and Ian Fraser, ‘An Imposter Unmasked: the “Duke of Leeds” suite at Temple Newsam House’, Furniture History, vol. LI (2015), pp. 77-86. This chair illustrated as fig. 10, p. 85 Related Literature Christopher Gilbert, Furniture at Temple Newsam House and Lotherton Hall, 1978, vol. II, pp.264-7, nos. 322-3 Geoffrey Beard and Christopher Gilbert (eds.), Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660 - 1840, 1986, p. 1015


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A REGENCY MAHOGANY TIERED TABLE

England, circa 1820 A superb Regency mahogany tiered tray table of fantastic scale and wonderful colour. The table with three oval tiers supported by turned column supports and standing on column legs terminating in brass castors. Height: 30¼ in (77 cm) Width: 41 in (104 cm) Depth: 28¼ in (72 cm)

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A GEORGE III TROMPE L’OEIL CABINET BOOKCASE

England, circa 1790 A very rare George III satinwood cabinet of the most magnificent colour and inlaid detail. Intricately banded in purpleheart and boxwood, the superstructure with four open shelves above twin cabinet doors enclosing adjustable shelves. The doors of the lower section each with an oval panel with green painted tromple l’oeil silk effect enclosed with the superb gilded wire mesh detailing. Remarkable trompe l’oeil paintwork. Of exceptional quality. Height: 64¼ in (163.5 cm) Width: 42¼ in (107 cm) Depth: 17¾ in (45 cm)

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Literature The Grosvenor House Antiques Fair Handbook, 1991, p. 258 (illustrated)


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FROM THE COLLECTIONS OF THE MARQUESSES OF BUCKINGHAM, STOWE

A PAIR OF GEORGE III KINGWOOD CARD TABLES

Attributed to John Cobb England, circa 1775 An important pair of George III kingwood and brass-inlaid card tables attributed to John Cobb. The table tops quarter-veneered with a moulded edge, with a hidden sliding tray with a container for playing cards, standing on cabriole legs with ormolu sabots. Each table with outstanding ormolu mounts to the knees. Of particularly fine colour. Height: 29½ in (75 cm) Width: 36 in (92 cm) Depth: 17¾ in (45 cm)

Provenance Presumably supplied to George Grenville, Marquess of Buckingham (1755-1813) for Stowe House, Buckinghamshire Thence through the family by descent Comparative Literature M. Bevington, Stowe House, London, 2002 C. Streeter, ‘Marquetry Tables from Cobb’s Workshop,’ Furniture History, vol. 10 (1974), pp. 52-53. The present tables are related both in their profile and construction to a further pair of tables from Stowe (Sotheby’s New York, Tom Devenish: The Collection – Highly Important English Furniture, 24 April 2008, lot 115) also attributed to John Cobb.

The Dutton Family by Johann Zoffany – showing a closely related card table in use. Credit: National Trust Images. 32


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A GEORGE III MAHOGANY SOFA TABLE

England, circa 1790 A very fine George III Sheraton period sofa table in highly figured mahogany of excellent colour and patina. Fitted with two drawers to the front and false drawers to the reverse, crossbanded with rosewood and standing on tapered end supports, the splayed legs terminating in brass box castors. Height: 27½ in (70 cm) Width: 59 in (150 cm) Depth: 24 in (61 cm)

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A GEORGE II MAHOGANY SETTEE

England, circa 1740 A rare George II period mahogany and needlepoint settee. The padded upholstered rectangular back and seat within open outswept mahogany arms featuring magnificent carved scrolled lion mask heads, the whole raised on foliate carved cabriole legs ending in claw-and-ball feet to the front, the rear legs with pad feet. On castors. The predominantly red needlepoint upholstery retaining wonderful strong colours and depicting courtly figures within decorative oval cartouches. Height: 41 in (104 cm) Width: 55 in (140 cm) Depth: 26 in (66 cm)

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Provenance Richard Courtney Ltd., London, 1995 Private Collection, USA


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A CHINESE EXPORT LACQUER KNEEHOLE DESK

China, circa 1760 A fine mid 18th century Chinese export lacquer kneehole desk. The moulded shaped top above a long drawer over six short drawers surrounding the recessed kneehole fitted with three further drawers, on a moulded plinth base. The whole decorated throughout with outstanding gilt chinoiserie decoration on a black lacquer ground. With carrying handles to the sides. Height: 30¾ in (78 cm) Width: 46 in (117 cm) Depth: 24 in (61 cm)

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A PAIR OF GEORGE III MAHOGANY CHAIRS

England, circa 1770 A superb pair of George III Adam period mahogany neoclassical side chairs. The oval silk and brass button upholstered backs with exceptional carved mahogany show-frames with a circumference of fine beading, the cresting surmounted by a carved sunflower or patera flanked by trailing harebells. The seat frames similarly carved, the square tapering front legs each carved with a patera and trailing foliage and terminating in block feet. Particularly fine carved detail. The mahogany with excellent colour and patina. Height: 38¼ in (97 cm) Width: 21¾ in (55 cm) Depth: 19¾ in (50 cm)

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Provenance Previously with Apter-Fredericks Ltd., London


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A WALNUT KIDNEY DESK

England, circa 1870 A very fine 19th century walnut kidney desk. The top with a brass gallery surround, crossbanded in walnut and lined in green vellum, above three frieze drawers with ring handles, above cupboard doors opening to reveal interior fitted drawers, the reverse of the desk with central open bookcases, with ebonised mouldings and parquetry inlay throughout, all raised on a plinth support. Height: 30 in (76 cm) Width: 51¼ in (130 cm) Depth: 25½ in (65 cm)

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Provenance Private Collection, USA


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A GEORGE III GILTWOOD CHINOISERIE MIRROR

In the manner of Thomas Johnson England, circa 1760 An exceptional George III Chippendale period giltwood mirror. In the manner of Thomas Johnson, carved throughout in outstanding detail with chinoiserie decoration. The cresting with a carved pagoda, mounted with hanging bells, housing an elaborate fountain, the frame adorned with fantastic intertwined foliate branches further decorated with acanthus leaves, C-scrolls, cabochons and icicles. With a bevelled mirror plate. Height: 55¼ in (140 cm) Width: 27¼ in (69 cm) Thomas Johnson (1723 – 1778) was one of the most proficient carvers and furniture designers of Georgian England. He was a champion of both the rococo movement and the chinoiserie taste, and his elaborate designs often wove the two styles together. Born in 1723, he was one of twelve children of a London builder and developer, Joel Johnson. At 13, he began working as an apprentice to his cousin, Robert Johnson, who was a carver and gilder in Frith Street, Soho. Once he finished his apprenticeship Johnson joined the workshop of the carver and gilder James Whittle, which is where he first met Matthias Lock, to whom he referred as ‘the famous Matthias Lock, a most excellent Carver, and reputed to be the best Ornament draughtsman in Europe’. Lock published many sketches and pattern books, including A New Book of Ornaments for Looking Glasses in 1752, which featured a design for a mirror with similarly intertwined branches climbing up each side of the mirror frame and pagoda cresting with hanging bells. Johnson first produced his own designs in 1755 in a publication entitled Twelve Gerandoles. He followed up with a more ambitious set of designs published monthly in 1756 and 1757 entitled A New Book of Ornaments that were fashioned ‘in the Chinese, Gothick, and Rural Taste’.

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Literature J. Simon, ‘Thomas Johnson’s “The Life of the Author,” Furniture History, vol. 39 (2003), pp. 1-64 H. Hayward, ‘Newly-Discovered Designs by Thomas Johnson,’ Furniture History, vol. II (1975), pp. 40-42 J. Parker, ‘Rococo and Formal Order in English Furniture,’ The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, New Series, vol. 15, no. 5 (Jan. 1957), pp. 129-40 D. Jacobson, Chinoiserie, London, 1993


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A PAIR OF GEORGE III PAINTED ARMCHAIRS

England, circa 1790 A superb pair of George III parcel-gilt, cream and polychrome painted open armchairs, the frames painted with a delicate scheme of ribbons and pearls, the arched padded backs and bow-fronted seats upholstered in buttoned yellow silk, on square tapering legs, similarly decorated, headed by carved paterae and terminating with spade feet. Height: 37½ in (95 cm) Width: 25 in (63.5 cm) Depth: 22½ in (57 cm)

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Provenance Previously with Mallett & Son (Antiques) Ltd., London, 2001 Private Collection, London Literature: Mallett, Seated In Splendour, 2001 (illustrated)


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49Â


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A VERRE EGLOMISÉ OVERMANTEL MIRROR

Attributed to Lenygon & Morant England, circa 1900 – 1910 A magnificent William and Mary inspired triple plate overmantel mirror. The border glass decorated with the verre eglomisé techique with gilt highlights on a red ground featuring detailed depictions of the sun, moon and animals including heraldic unicorns and lions rampant on each side, the vertical dividers decorating with Berainesque strapwork, and the arched central border surmounted by a coronet, below a gadrooned upper frame. Height: 39¼ in (100 cm) Width: 59¾ in (152 cm) Literature F. Lenygon, Furniture in England from 1660 to 1760, fig. 311, p. 209 Y. Hackenbroch and J. Gloag, English Furniture with some furniture of other countries in the Irwin Untermyer Collection, 1958, pl. 133, fig. 162 and pp. 33-34, for a related example A. Bowett, Early Georgian Furniture 1715 - 1740, 2009, p. 273, pl. 6:11, for another example A small group of these elaborate and very striking overmantel mirrors are recorded. Lenygon & Morant was a leading cabinet-making firm of the early 20th century who specialised in re-creating furniture and interiors that evoked the style and taste of the bygone era of William & Mary and Queen Anne. In 1904, Francis H. Lenygon founded Lenygon & Co., and in 1909 he merged his business with the upholstery firm Morant & Co., and took up premises at 31 Old Burlington Street in Mayfair, London. The firm received commissions from many prominent patrons including the Royal Family, and held Royal Warrants under four kings: Edward VII, George V, Edward VIII, and George VI. The firm also received numerous commissions from prominent American collectors, including Nelson Rockefeller who employed Lenygon to consult on the reconstruction of Colonial Williamsburg and the Governor’s Palace.

50


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A GEORGE II WALNUT ARMCHAIR

Possibly by the St. Martin’s Lane Syndicate England, circa 1750-1760 An extremely fine George II walnut library armchair of very generous proportions, with a serpentine shaped upholstered back, the arm-rests and straight-fronted seat similarly upholstered, all in a brass-nailed yellow silk damask, the walnut arm-supports slightly channelled, with superb acanthus carved cabriole legs with scrolled feet to the front, the back legs outswept with pad feet, all on leather castors. The walnut with particularly fine colour and patina throughout. Height: 40¼ in (102 cm) Width: 31¼ in (79 cm) Depth: 31¼ in (79 cm) Provenance Previously with Norman Adams Ltd., Knightsbridge (labelled)

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This superb armchair, with its distinctive leg pattern, relates very closely to a suite of seat furniture supplied to the 2nd Earl Poulett (d. 1764) for Hinton House, Somerset. Several leading London craftsmen were involved in the commission for Hinton, probably working under the direction of the architect Matthew Brettingham. These included Matthias Lock, Giles Grendey and Thomas Chippendale. However, the suite is most commonly associated with the work of William Vile (d.1767) and John Cobb (d.1778), Royal cabinet-makers to George III, who formed a powerful syndicate with William Hallett (d.1781) in St. Martin’s Lane from 1753. Both Vile and Hallett were born in Somerset and, through family connections there, may well have been introduced to Earl Poulett and become involved with the refurbishment of Hinton. An armchair of identical pattern and presumably the pair to the present lot was with Frank Partridge & Son, illustrated in Connoisseur, June 1949.


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A PAIR OF GEORGE II MAHOGANY SIDE CHAIRS

England, circa 1750 A fine pair of mid 18th century mahogany side chairs. The intricate interlaced splat backs each surmounted by a top cresting rail carved to represent extravagant theatrical velvet drapery, the front cabriole legs carved with foliate cabochons to the knees and acanthus leaves, the feet in the form of foliate carved inverted scrolls. The seats upholstered with silk covers and closenailed brass button detailing. The mahogany with lustrous depth of colour and patina. Height: 38ž in (97.5 cm) Width: 24 in (61 cm) Depth: 24 in (61 cm)

54Â

An armchair of identical form, offered by Ronald Phillips Ltd., is illustrated in the Grosvenor House Antiques Fair Handbook, 2000, p.137.


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A QUEEN ANNE SCARLET JAPANNED BACHELORS CHEST

England, circa 1700-10 An exceptionally rare and highly important Queen Anne japanned bachelors chest. Decorated throughout with chinoiserie designs on a scarlet red ground, the rectangular hinged top with a silk velvet-lined interior and concealed compartments, above an arched apron and three central drawers, flanked by doors each enclosing five further japanned drawers, the folding top supported by hinged gate legs, the sides similarly decorated and with bold brass carrying handles, on bun feet. The japanning of outstanding quality. Height: 29½ in (74 cm) Width: 37 in (94 cm) Depth: 14½ in (37 cm)

56

This exceptional bachelors chest is extraordinarily rare. One other example with red japanned decoration was part of the magnificent collection of the Marquess of Cholmondeley from Houghton Hall, Norfolk (sold Christie’s, 8 December 1994, lot 144) and had previously been in the collection of Sir Philip Sassoon, Bt., Trent Park, Hertfordshire. Documented in a photograph of the Blue Room (South Drawing Room) at Trent Park in 1939, this cabinet was subsequently sold by Mallett & Son (Antiques) Ltd. of New Bond Street. More recently it was offered by Apter-Fredericks Ltd. and illustrated in their catalogue Important English Furniture – II.


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A GEORGE III ROSEWOOD OCCASIONAL TABLE

England, circa 1800 A fine George III rosewood octagonal occasional table. The top crossbanded in amboyna and rosewood, with four frieze drawers, each fitted with compartments, all raised on an octagonal inlaid pedestal, supported on four inverted scroll legs which terminate in brass box caps and castors Of particularly good colour and patina. Height: 29¾ in (76 cm) Width: 20¾ in (53 cm) Depth: 20¾ in (53 cm)

58


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A SET OF FOUR GEORGE II WALNUT SIDE CHAIRS

Attributed to Giles Grendey England, circa 1740-50 A very fine set of four George II walnut side chairs attributed to Giles Grendey. Each chair with a scrolled top-rail above a vase-shaped splat flanked by serpentine stiles, with drop-in silk upholstered seats above cabriole legs carved with shells and trailing harebells to the knees, standing on claw and ball feet, the rear legs splayed. Each with the journeyman’s initials stamped beneath a crown. The walnut of very good colour. Height: 39½ in (100 cm) Width: 22½ in (57 cm) Depth: 23½ in (60 cm)

60

These chairs relate very closely to known examples by Giles Grendey that retain his label, sold at Sotheby’s New York on 21 November 1981 (lots 233-235). There are other directly related examples, including a single chair at Temple Newsam, a chair from the collection of the Duchess of Wellington, and an example at the Carnegie Museum of Art that also retains its original Grendey label. Each of these chairs feature the same basic silhouette with variation to the carved features, including the presence of C-scroll brackets on the knees of some and carved flower heads on the rising scrolls of the vase-shaped splats.


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A GEORGE I BURR WALNUT CABINET

Attributed to the Master of the Royal Portuguese Cabinets England, circa 1720 An important George I burr walnut bureau cabinet. The walnut of exceptional colour, crossbanded and featherbanded throughout, the serpentine cresting and cavetto cornice enclosing a shaped inset cartouche with carved interlaced C-scrolls, above a pair of arched mirrored doors enclosing a fitted interior of pigeon-holes and shelves, the bureau section enclosing a fitted interior of drawers and a cross and featherbanded writing flat, above four short and two long drawers, on shaped bracket feet. The lock plate exquisitely engraved.

Provenance J.H. Gillingham, The Grosvenor House Antiques Fair, 1936 Either John, 2nd Baron Hothfield of Hothfield (d. 1952) or his son Henry, 3rd Baron Hothfield of Hothfield (d. 1961) Apter-Fredericks Ltd., London Private Collection, London Hotspur Ltd., London Mallett & Son (Antiques) Ltd., New Bond Street, London Private Collection, UK

With label in upper left drawer: ‘Purchased from / J.H. Gillingham South Kensington / At the / Antique Dealers’ Fair / Grosvenor House W.1. / 1936’

Literature Apter-Fredericks, 18th Century English Furniture, 1986, cat. no. 1

Height: 91¼ in (232 cm) Width: 38¾ in (98.5 cm) Depth: 21½ in (54.5 cm)

62


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

WITH ROYAL PROVENANCE

A GEORGE III MAHOGANY SIDEBOARD

England, circa 1790 A very fine large George III Sheraton period mahogany, satinwood and amaranth cross-banded sideboard. The bow fronted top above a central drawer, flanked to each side by a cellarette drawer, and standing on square tapering legs with spade feet. Of particularly fine colour and patina throughout. Height: 371⁄2 in (95 cm) Width: 85 in (216 cm) Depth: 32¼ in (82 cm) Provenance The collections of their Royal Highnesses, the Dukes of Gloucester, St James’s Palace, London Literature P. Buchanan, ‘The London home of TRH the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester’, Homes and Gardens, June 1951, p. 36, illustrated in situ in the dining-room, York House, St. James’s Palace

64


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

THE EARLS OF JERSEY - OSTERLEY PARK

A PAIR OF GEORGE II WALNUT SIDE CHAIRS

Attributed to William Hallett England, circa 1735 A very fine and rare pair of George II walnut side chairs attributed to William Hallett. Each with rectangular upholstered back and seat, standing on superb cabriole legs, front and back, carved with shells and terminating in claw and ball feet. The back legs beautifully outswept. Each leg with a carved collar at the ankle. Height: 39 in (99 cm) Width: 251⁄4 in (64 cm) Depth: 26 in (66 cm)

Provenance The Earls of Jersey, Osterley (photographed in situ), and thence by descent at Middleton Park With Hotspur Ltd., Belgravia The Grosvenor House Antiques Fair, 1949 Private Collection, UK Literature Illustrated, Country Life, 20th November 1926, p. 788, fig. II, a photograph of the Gallery at Osterley, one of the chairs clearly visible in situ near left (see below)

One of the chairs shown (near left) in the Gallery at Osterley. Credit: Country Life Photo Library. 66


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A GEORGE III LACQUER CHEST OF DRAWERS

England, circa 1765 A rare mid 18th century George III Chippendale period chinoiserie chest of drawers, incorporating panels of Chinese export lacquer to the sides, top and drawer fronts. Of large proportions, the moulded edge rectangular lacquer panel top over a pair of short drawers and two long drawers, standing on shaped bracket feet. Beautifully decorated throughout with gilt highlights, figures, birds and stylised landscapes on a black ground. Height: 39 in (99 cm) Width: 42¾ in (109 cm) Depth: 22½ in (57 cm)

68

Provenance Sibyl Colefax and John Fowler, September 1976 Private Collection, London


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A WILLIAM IV ROSEWOOD CENTRE TABLE

By Johnstone Jupe & Co. England, circa 1835 A very fine William IV rosewood centre table by Johnstone Jupe & Co. of New Bond Street, London. The table with circular top and shallow frieze standing above a wonderful tripartite central column and triform base, on turned feet of a complimentary design. The rosewood of the most magnificent figuring and colour.

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The base stamped JOHNSTONE JUPE & Co. / NEW BOND St / LONDON / 4035 Height: 29¼ in (74 cm) Diameter: 53½ in (136 cm)


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A SET OF FOUR FRENCH GILTWOOD FAUTEUILS Supplied By Maison Jansen France, circa 1890 A very fine set of four late 19th century French giltwood fauteuils supplied by Maison Jansen in the Louis XVI style. The frame of each chair superbly carved with overlapping discs, acanthus and paterae, with a cartouche shaped upholstered back, scrolled corbel arm supports and conforming upholstered arm-rests, on elegant stop-fluted tapering legs. The upholstered underside of each fauteuil bearing the ink stamp: ‘JANSEN, PARIS’. Maison Jansen was founded in Paris in 1880 and became one of the first global interior design firms with illustrious clients such as the royal families of Belgium, Iran and Serbia, Lady Baillie at Leeds Castle and the White House during the administration of John F. Kennedy. Height: 35 in (89 cm) Width: 25¼ in (64 cm) Depth: 20¾ in (53 cm)

72


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A REGENCY BLACK JAPANNED WRITING TABLE

England, circa 1815 A rare Regency black japanned writing table. Decorated throughout with chinoiserie scenes highlighted in gold on a black background, the top with finely chased gilt-brass fruiting vine detailed border, the frieze fitted with two hidden mahogany-lined drawers. On upright supports joined by a shaped stretcher, all similarly decorated. The ribbed stylised bun feet with concealed castors. Height: 30 in (76 cm) Width: 48 in (122 cm) Depth: 23 in (58 cm)

74Â


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A PAIR OF GEORGE III GILTWOOD ARMCHAIRS

Attributed to John Cobb England, circa 1770 A fine pair of George III giltwood open armchairs attributed to John Cobb. In the French taste, standing on giltwood cabriole legs carved to the front with stylised shells to the knees and with scroll toes, the giltwood arm supports fluted and outswept with scrolled handles. The backs, seats and armrests upholstered in a Colefax & Fowler chintz. Height: 37½ in (95 cm) Width: 25 in (64 cm) Depth: 20 in (51 cm)

76


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A GEORGE III MAHOGANY PEDESTAL DESK

In the manner of Thomas Chippendale England, circa 1765 A very fine George III Chippendale period mahogany pedestal desk, the cross-banded top fitted with a fine gilt tooled leather, above a frieze with two drawers to the front and dummy drawers on the reverse, the pedestals fitted with drawers on one side and cupboard doors on the other, raised on a moulded plinth. Retaining the original swan neck handles to the drawers, and with bold carrying handles to each side. Of superb colour and great proportions. Height: 32¼ in (81.5 cm) Width: 55¼ in (140 cm) Depth: 34¾ in (88 cm)

78


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A GEORGE III MAHOGANY DRUM TABLE

By W. & C. Wilkinson England, circa 1800 A very fine George III mahogany drum table by W. & C. Wilkinson. The circular top with gilt tooled green leather inset surface above four true drawers and four false drawers in the frieze. Supported on a turned tapering barrel stem and four reeded outswept tapering legs that terminate in brass caps and castors. Retaining the original handles and locks. The drawer linings made of mahogany. One drawer stamped ‘W & C WILKINSON 14 LUDGATE HILL…’ Height: 29½ in (75 cm) Diameter: 41¾ in (106 cm)

80

Provenance Previously with Apter-Fredericks Ltd., London (labelled) Private Collection, London


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A GEORGE II ROSEWOOD AND YEW BLANKET CHEST

England, circa 1750 A rare George II rosewood and burr yew wood blanket chest. The hinged top, sides and front in rosewood crossbanded with burr yew and purpleheart with further boxwood and ebonised lines. The two drawers also similarly crossbanded and inlaid and retaining their original handles, all supported on an elegant stand with square chamfered legs. Of superb colour and patina. Height: 35¼ in (90 cm) Width: 48 in (122 cm) Depth: 23¼ in (59 cm)

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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

MADE FOR THE BANQUETING HALL AT LATHOM HOUSE

A PAIR OF GEORGE II ARMORIAL HALL CHAIRS

Attributed to William Masters England, circa 1740 A very good pair of George II mahogany sgabello hall chairs made for Sir Thomas Bootle for the banqueting hall at Lathom House, Lancashire and almost certainly made by the cabinetmaker, William Masters. The shield shaped backs inlaid with the armorial crest of Sir Thomas Bootle: a lion wreathed in foliage, the dished seats raised on shaped splayed legs. The mahogany with good figuring and fine colour. Height: 41¾ in (106 cm) Width: 18¼ in (46 cm) Depth: 19¼ in (49 cm)

Literature Lucy Wood, The Upholstered Furniture in the Lady Lever Art Gallery, vol. I, p. 51, fig. 64 (illustrated) Sir Thomas Bootle (d. 1753) was Chancellor to Frederick, Prince of Wales

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William Masters, cabinet-maker, ran a successful business at “The Golden Fleece”, Coventry Street, London. Important commissions included supplying furnishings for Blair Castle, Perthshire The inspiration for the basic form of the hall chair comes from the Italian Renaissance sgabello, which were stools with a back support often carved and decorated with heraldic imagery and placed in the hallways of grand palazzos. They featured a solid wooden seat, which was easy to clean and suitable for entrance halls. Hall chairs first appeared in England in the early 18th century. Wiliam Kent, Thomas Chippendale, Robert Adam, George Hepplewhite, Thomas Sheraton, and Gillows of Lancaster & London all developed hall chairs of their own designs. Fine examples of the sgabello inspired hall chair can be found at Ham House, Surrey where George Nix supplied a total of eighteen sgabello chairs to Sir Lionel Tollemache, 4th Earl of Dysart, carved and painted with the earl’s coronet and the Tollemache arms. Dumfries House contains a very fine set of Georgian sgabello hall chairs made by the cabinetmaker Alexander Peter of Edinburgh.


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A PAIR OF GEORGE III NEO-CLASSICAL PIER MIRRORS

In the manner of John Linnell England, circa 1775 An exceptional pair of George III neo-classical carved giltwood border glass mirrors in the manner of John Linnell. Of impressive yet elegant large scale, the central oval plates with divided mirror border glasses with beaded surrounds, the gadrooned outer frames each surmounted with a two tiered urn with anthemion cresting and rams head detailing to the sides with flowerheads, chains of husks and scrolling flowering acanthus vines, the aprons similarly detailed with acanthus leaf drapery and flowering vines. Of particularly fine quality. A wonderful pair of mirrors. Height: 82¼ in (209 cm) Width: 33¾ in (86 cm)

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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A PAIR OF GEORGE II MAHOGANY COMMODES

England, circa 1755 An exceptional and important pair of mid 18th century George II Chippendale period mahogany serpentine commodes of very rare small scale. Of beautifully figured mahogany throughout with great colour and patina. The serpentine shaped tops above plain canted corners, each with three graduated drawers, raised on cabriole legs carved with blind fret, C-scrolls and beaded lozenge detailing, on brass castors. Retaining their magnificent original fire gilded Rococo handles Height: 33¼ in (84 cm) Width: 36¼ in (92 cm) Depth: 20½ in (52 cm)

88


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A SET OF FOUR GEORGE III PAINTED ARMCHAIRS

England, circa 1785 An exceptionally fine set of four late George III carved, parcelgilded and painted elbow chairs, retaining wonderful gilded and painted decoration, with silk upholstered backs and seats, carved beading to the arm supports, and standing on tapered acanthus collared fluted legs. Height: 38¼ in (97 cm) Width: 23¾ in (60 cm) Depth: 23¾ in (60 cm)

90


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A PAIR OF GEORGE III MAHOGANY ARMCHAIRS

England, circa 1765 A very fine pair of George III Chippendale period mahogany Gainsborough or library armchairs, with upholstered seats, backs and arms, supported at the front by boldly carved cabriole legs with ball and claw feet, shaped at the top and carved on the knees with acanthus flanked by foliate scrolled brackets, the back legs outswept, all with inset brass castors. The moulded arm supports of inverted scroll form with carved bead detailing. The mahogany with rich colour and patination. Height: 38¼ in (97 cm) Width: 28¾ in (73 cm) Depth: 30¾ in (78 cm)

92

Provenance Charles Lumb & Son Ltd., 1991 Private Collection, London


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A GEORGE III ROSEWOOD SOFA TABLE

Attributed to Gillows England, circa 1800 A particularly fine Sheraton period rosewood sofa table. The top with twin drop leaves with rounded corners, partridge-wood banding and ebony lines, two narrow satinwood bandings and outer rosewood crossbanded borders. The frieze with two oaklined drawers each side with satinwood cross-banded borders flanked by partridge-wood panels similarly cross-banded. Standing on standard end supports with double swept legs terminating in brass box castors, the supports united by a high arched stretcher, all with inset box and ebony stringing. With fire-gilt brass handles. Of superb quality. Height: 28¼ in (72 cm) Width: 60¾ in (154 cm) Depth: 29¾ in (76 cm) Provenance Charles Lumb & Son Ltd., 1988 Private Collection, London A pair of near identical rosewood sofa tables was supplied by Gillows of Oxford Street to Stephen Tempest of Broughton Hall in 1803. They were invoiced as '....2 large rosewood sofa tables with drawers in do. and on claw & castors 14 gns. 29-8-0d'. It was at the beginning of the 19th century that Gillows introduced a new design of table, specifically to be placed behind a sofa. In 1801, they advised their client Lady Gardiner of Clerk Hill 'the most fashionable form now used are what we call sofa tables' and enclosed a sketch which showed how 'the 2 leaves fall down like a Pembroke table'. In July 1801, Gillows included the first sofa table in their Estimate Sketch Book. Sofa tables could be adapted to suit many needs, as games, tea or writing tables. The fitted knobs were supplied in either ivory, exotic woods or brass.

94


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A GEORGE II MAHOGANY BUREAU CABINET

Attributed to Gillows England, circa 1750 – 1760 A magnificent George II mid 18th century mahogany bureau secretaire cabinet. The scrolled broken pediment carved with sunflowers framing a centrally mounted parcel-gilt carved and painted armorial cresting, above a pair of beautifully figured moulded panel doors in turn flanked by fluted pilasters with superbly carved Corinthian capitals. The doors opening to reveal a fitted interior of drawers, pigeon-holes and folio slides. The lower section with a fall front opening to reveal additional drawers and pigeon-holes as well as secret document holders with gilt capitals. With three graduated drawers with extremely rare silver handles and escutcheons, and raised on ogee bracket feet. The carving possibly by James Townson. The silver handles bearing the marks of Thomas Wallis, London. Height: 90¼ in (229 cm) Width: 48 in (122 cm) Depth: 24 in (61 cm)

Provenance Almost certainly supplied to Thomas Langton (d. 1802) for Ash Tree House, Kirkham, Lancaster With Mallett & Son (Antiques) Ltd., New Bond Street, London Private Collection, USA Literature Mallett & Son (Antiques) Ltd., Catalogue - 2010, pp. 29-31 S. E. Stuart, Gillows of Lancaster and London 1730-1840, Woodbridge, Suffolk, 2008 (see below) This superb cabinet bears the coat of arms and motto of the Langton family and was almost certainly supplied, in the mid 18th century to Thomas Langton (d. 1802) at the time of his re-building of Ash Tree House, Kirkham. The cabinet can be attributed to the Lancaster-based firm of Gillows, based on stylistic attributes and a personal connection with the Langton family. This cabinet shows marked similarities to the Sudley cabinet that once belonged to a branch of the Blundell family from Halsall, near Ormskirk. (S. E. Stuart, Gillows of Lancaster and London 17301840, Woodbridge, Suffolk, 2008, vol. II, pp. 20-21). The mouldings on the doors have similar shaped corners and the interior construction of the doors is likewise similar, also to the Inman clothes press, made for the West Indies merchant, Mr Charles Inman (Stuart, op. cit., vol. II, p. 49). The interior of the fall front is almost identical to that of a bureau in The Judge’s Lodgings Museum, Lancaster (Stuart, op. cit., vol. II, p. 261), that bears the label of ‘John Lowther Lancaster maker’. Lowther is recorded as being, by 1759, in partnership with Robert Haresnape, Robert Gillow’s ex-partner. The distinctive Corinthian pilasters relate closely to those on a clothes press supplied by Gillows in 1761 to Ralph Bell of Thirsk Hall, Yorkshire (Stuart, op. cit., vol. II, p. 52-53) whose capitals were carved by James Townson. The broad proportions of the piece, high quality timber and scalloped outline of the pediment all support a Gillows attribution. Furthermore, Thomas Langton’s firm, Langton, Birley & Co. in Kirkham, was noted as having approached Gillows in 1786 regarding the purchase of Riga oak (Stuart, op. cit., vol. II, p. 156) which confirms the family’s association with the firm.

96


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A PAIR OF WILLIAM AND MARY WALNUT ARMCHAIRS

England or Scotland, circa 1690 An extremely fine pair of William and Mary walnut open armchairs, each with pierced foliate cresting rail above a four bar vertical splat flanked by pierced foliate decoration and turned baluster stiles, with moulded arms with acanthus scroll terminals, above a caned seat with foliate carved rails, with pierced foliate front stretcher and foliate-carved front legs joined by turned baluster stretchers, on paw feet. With fitted silk squab cushions. Stamped ‘WS’. Possibly by William Scott Height: 47¼ in (120 cm) Width: 24 in (61 cm) Depth: 20¼ in (51 cm)

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Literature A Bowett, English Furniture 1660 - 1714 From Charles II to Queen Anne, Woodbridge, 2002, p. 234, pl. 8:11, for a related armchair J. Gloag, The Englishman’s Chair, 1964, pl. 29, for a related daybed The ‘WS’ mark on the chairs may refer to the Edinburgh cabinetmaker, William Scott who began trading in 1685 and was granted, circa 1692, the sole right to make caned chairs in Scotland by William III.


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

THE WILTON HOUSE PIER TABLES

Attributed to Thomas Chippendale England, circa 1770 An outstanding pair of George III giltwood demi-lune pier tables in the neo-classical taste attributed to Thomas Chippendale. Each with a magnificent fossilized marble top with an ormolu beaded edge above a conforming giltwood base with a frieze centred by a rectangular tablet carved with a flower-head flanked by honeysuckle, and with a fish-scale carved ground alternating with flower heads and fluted panels, raised on acanthus-carved circular tapering fluted legs on toupee feet. Height: 36¼ in (92 cm) Width: 44¾ in (114 cm) Depth: 22¼ in 57 cm) Provenance The collections of the Earls of Pembroke, Wilton House Rawlence & Squarey, 25 May 1960, Catalogue of Surplus Furnishings of Wilton House Salisbury - the property of the Earl and Countess of Pembroke and Montgomery, lot 367 With O.F. Wilson, Old Church Street, London, SW3, 1986 Mallett & Son (Antiques) Ltd., Mayfair, London Private Collection, USA Literature The Grosvenor House Handbook, 1986, ill. p.120 L. Synge, Great English Furniture, London, 1991, ill. pp. 6-7 L. Synge, Mallett Millennium, London, 1999, ill. p. 21 Comparative Literature C. Gilbert, The Life & Work of Thomas Chippendale, London, 1978, pp. 154-160

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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A SET OF FOUR CHINOISERIE BRACKETS

An outstanding set of four George II style carved giltwood chinoiserie wall brackets, each with a shaped serpentine fronted shelf supported by a profusion of carved and pierced C-scrolls and floral swags entwined around a magnificent chinoiserie dragon. The original brackets, on which these are based, were supplied by John Gilbert and designed by George Dance the Elder for the Mansion House, London, in 1752. Of exceptional scale and quality. Height: 27¼ in (69 cm) Width: 22 in (56 cm) Depth: 8¾ in (22 cm) Provenance With Mallett & Son (Antiques) Ltd., London Private Collection, New York Literature L. Synge, Mallett Millennium, London, 1999, p. 151, fig. 178 (illustrated) The Mansion House - I, London, Country Life, 5 November 1932, p. 516, fig. 5, p. 517, fig. 6 (for comparable brackets) S. Jeffrey, The Mansion House, Chichester, 1993, pp. 174-175 (ditto)

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These magnificent carved giltwood wall brackets are closely modelled on a set of six brackets designed by George Dance the Elder (1695 - 1768) for the vestibule of the new Mansion House, London. On 20 September 1752, Dance was ordered to present a ‘Plan for Lighting the whole House in a proper manner with Drawings for same and an Estimate of the Charge thereof ’ (S. Jeffrey, The Mansion House, Chichester, 1993, p. 714). Dance drew upon the fashionable Rococo patterns of the period by designercraftsmen such as Matthias Lock (1710-1765), Thomas Johnson (1714-1778) and Thomas Chippendale (1718-1779). Dance’s brackets, for which a sketch exists, were intended to hold ‘portable lights’, and in the 1762 inventory these are described as, ‘6 Stands for Candles for the Vestibule’. John Gilbert (17421784) was a master carver chosen to make the light fittings including the set of six brackets at £15 (£2 10s each); they were completed and installed in the third week of December 1752. They remain in situ at the Mansion House.


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A GEORGE II CALAMANDER SERPENTINE COMMODE

England, circa 1755 An extremely rare and fine George II calamander and ebony serpentine fronted commode, the top with gadrooned border above a green baize-lined brushing slide and three graduated drawers, the apron centred by a stylised scallop shell issuing foliage and rockwork, on foliate-capped cabriole legs, scroll feet and leather castors. With superb ormolu handles and escutcheons. Height: 31½ in (80 cm) Width: 36½ in (91.5 cm) Depth: 21 in (53.5 cm)

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Provenance Previously with Hotspur Ltd., Belgravia, London The serpentine form of this superb commode, with its rococo frame on scrolled cabriole legs, relates to patterns for ‘French Commode Tables’ published in Thomas Chippendale’s The Gentleman and Cabinet-Maker’s Director, 1754 (plates XLIII-XLIV), while his Director, 3rd ed., 1762, includes related patterns for elaborate rococo mounts amongst his ‘Designs of Handles & Escutcheons for Brass-Work’ (plate CC). On this commode, the shells sculpted on the rococo ormolu handles and escutcheons echo those found on the apron. It is made of richly-figured Indian calamander. The black striations earned it the name of ‘marblewood’ and it is rare to find on such an early piece of English furniture.


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A GEORGE III MAHOGANY TEA TABLE

England, circa 1760 A very fine George III Chippendale period carved mahogany serpentine tea table, of the most magnificent colour and patina. The serpentine top with carved and beaded leading edge, opening to reveal a mahogany interior also of superb colour. On a gate leg mechanism, the crisp fluted and carved frieze supported on stop-fluted tapering legs ending in block feet. Exceptional colour and patina. Height: 28¾ in (73 cm) Width: 35¾ in (91 cm) Depth: 17½ in (44.5 cm)

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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A PAIR OF REGENCY HALL CHAIRS

Attributed to Gillows of Lancaster & London England, circa 1815 An exceptional pair of early 19th century Regency period mahogany hall chairs attributed to Gillows of Lancaster and London. Each shell back carved with outstanding depth and detail, on an exaggerated C-scroll socle support with fielded panels, above a plain shaped flat seat with reeded frieze, standing on turned tapering legs. The mahogany of particularly good colour. Superb quality. Height: 33½ in (85 cm) Width: 16½ in (42 cm) Depth: 18¾ in (48 cm)

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Comparative Literature Susan E. Stuart, Gillows of Lancaster and London 1730-1740, 2008, vol. I, pp. 202-203, pl. 177 The firm of Gillows, of Lancaster and London, was known to have supplied fine mahogany hall chairs, amongst other designs, with finely carved shell backs. A set of four was supplied to the Revd. Holland Edwards of Pennant, Conway in August 1811, described in the records as ‘4 handsome mahogany hall chairs, the backs carved as a shell, shaped front feet reeded’ and were charged at £3 6s 0d each.


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A PAIR OF GEORGE III PARCEL GILT ARMCHAIRS

England, circa 1780 A very fine pair of late 18th century George III Adam period neo-classical armchairs. The square backs and seats with offwhite painted and parcel-gilt show-frames decorated throughout with rope-twist detailing, acanthus leaves, trailing harebells, paterae and beading. Standing on elegant tapering fluted legs. Upholstered in Fortuny fabric. Height: 36¼ in (92 cm) Width: 24½ in (62 cm) Depth: 20½ in (52 cm)

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Provenance With Stair & Company, Mayfair, London, 1969 Private Collection, London


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A GEORGE III MAHOGANY DRESSING TABLE BUREAU

Possibly by Thomas Chippendale England, circa 1775 A very fine George III mahogany kneehole dressing table bureau. The rectangular top above a fitted mahogany-lined frieze drawer complete with brushing slide, compartments and mirror, above a kneehole with a recessed cupboard, flanked on each side by three short drawers, and standing on shaped bracket feet. The mahogany with superb figuring and colour. Height: 31½ in (80 cm) Width: 40 in (102 cm) Depth: 23 in (59 cm) A very closely related bureau was supplied by Thomas Chippendale in 1774 to Ninian Home (d. 1795), later Governor of Grenada, most probably for the principal bedroom apartment of Paxton House, Scotland. It was invoiced on June 7th, 1774 as ‘A neat mahogany Buroe Table with Divisions in the upper drawer and a Slider covered with Green cloth..£6.2.10’. Describing such dressing tables in his Director, Chippendale advised: ‘The drawer above the recess hath all Conveniences for Dressing places for combs, rings, bottles, boxes etc’. Distinctive features found on this bureau including the handles, laminated blocks behind the feet and the appearance of the red wash on the underside are all typically associated with Thomas Chippendale.

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Literature C. Gilbert, ‘Chippendale Senior and Junior at Paxton 1774 – 1791’, Connoisseur, August 1972, p. 256, fig. 5 C. Claxon-Stevens and S. Whittington, 18th Century English Furniture, The Norman Adams Collection, Woodbridge, rev. ed., 1985, pp. 108-109 C. Gilbert, The Life and Work of Thomas Chippendale, London, 1978, vol. II, p. 228-229, fig. 415 and 417


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A GEORGE III KINGWOOD AND ORMOLU MOUNTED COMMODE

Attributed to Pierre Langlois England, circa 1765 A very fine George III kingwood and ormolu mounted commode in the French taste, attributed to Pierre Langlois. The moulded serpentine panelled top with parquetry diagonal crossbanding, above two short and two long drawers inlaid throughout with narrow tulipwood bandings and centred with a rococo cartouche escutcheon, with C-scroll and foliage-pierced handles and veneered panels; the bombé shaped sides with quarter veneered diagonal parquetry decoration and mounted to the front serpentine corners with scrolling acanthus-decorated ormolu mounts extending to pierced scrolled acanthus-infused sabots on slightly splayed feet, the waved apron frieze beneath the drawers centred by a pierced and foliate rockwork mount. Height: 33½ in (85 cm) Width: 46½ in (118 cm) Depth: 22¾ in (58 cm)

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The overall design, choice of mounts and construction place this commode within the group of commodes identified as being attributed to the French émigré cabinet-maker Pierre Langlois (fl. 1759 – 81), working in London. Similar mounts can be seen on a pair of commodes, attributed to Langlois, which was supplied to the 1st Lord Digby at Sherborne Castle in the early 1760s. The corner mounts also compare to the pair supplied to Earl of Craven. The mounts on Langlois’ commodes are generally considered to have been made by his associate and brother-in-law, Dominique Jean, a French bronze caster and gilder first recorded as working in London in 1764.


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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A GEORGE IV REGENCY BURR ELM CENTRE TABLE

Attributed to William Trotter England, circa 1820 A magnificent George IV Regency period burr elm centre table of large scale, attributed to William Trotter of Edinburgh. The beautifully figured top with gonçalo alves banding around the circumference. The frieze of burr elm with applied vertical gonçalo alves strakes and a lower banded edge. The table is supported on a triangular tapering, slightly concave, splayed support, with prominent edge mouldings and beautifully carved scroll detailing and sits on a concave tripartite base with crisp edge beading raised on anthemion carved volute scrolled feet. Height: 29 in (74 cm) Diameter: 60 in (152 cm)

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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

A GEORGE III GILTWOOD MIRROR

England, circa 1760 A very fine small scale George III Rococo giltwood mirror, the carved rectangular frame surmounted by an acanthus carved chinoiserie canopied cresting above a latticework cartouche, with C-scrolls and pierced foliate carving throughout. A very charming delicate mid 18th century mirror. Height: 50 in (127 cm) Width: 22½ in (57cm)

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MACKINNON FINE FURNITURE

OUR SERVICES We offer a comprehensive service around all aspects of your collection of fine antique furniture. We are particularly well placed in the market to offer advice on matters including sourcing, de-acquisitioning, cataloguing, shipping, restoration, and conservation, as well as interior consultation.

SOURCING We are often asked to source specific pieces on behalf of our clients. Whether this is at auction, or from our extensive access to private collections not readily available on the market, we are ideally placed to facilitate these requirements. An 18th century Chinese Export lacquer bureau on stand sourced for a client.

RESTORATION We provide a comprehensive restoration and conservation service. Our extensive contacts with a wide range of highly skilled and specialist restorers both in the UK and the USA allow us to carry out restoration on behalf of our clients to meet their specific needs, including polishing and waxing, japanning and lacquer work, gilding, decorative painting, framing, and upholstery. Please contact us for a quote. Detail of the George II walnut shepherds crook armchair.

INTERIOR CONSULTATION We continue to work on a number of full-scale interior design projects for our clients in the UK, USA and Continental Europe. Since 2014, we have been particularly privileged to have been invited by The Blair Charitable Trust to advise on the interior schemes, layouts and the outstanding collections at Blair Castle, Perthshire, the ancient seat of the Dukes and Earls of Atholl. A view of the Tapestry Room, Blair Castle, Perthshire.

Copyright All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publishers. Terms and Conditions All business transactions are subject to our standard terms and conditions of sale, copies of which are available upon request. Trading as Mackinnon Fine Art Consultancy Limited, Registered in England & Wales, No. 5747760. 120Â