Preface The best graduation projects of '12/'13 have been selected for the preselection of the Archiprix. The nominees are introduced in this document with an image and brief text on their project. The button 'see entire project' leads to the complete project page on the repository website for more information.
Cover image: Miguel Setas, 2011 - Former nominee Archiprix
Index Projects 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47.
Extending the Informal - Roxana Abdollahi, Herman Gaarman, Sijme van Jaarsveld Capacities of Zuidas - Felipe Aldana Tripolis - Mohammed Reza Alkaabi Ontwerp voor co-creatie - Jurrian Arnold Moulds of Space - Fabio Baldo Los Angeles: The metropolis and five stages of modernity - Jorick Beijer Daniel Goedkoopschool - Nynke-Anna Bellinga Can you keep a secret? - Merel van den Berg AGRiflux - Anurag Bhattacharya Study Centres for Amsterdam - Tjerk de Boer Talent in Concrete - Thijs Brienen Sediment of a Fragmented Landscape - Anvina Devi Canakiah Lok Ma Chau, movement // place // relationship - Renske Maria van Dam The Creative Village - Gööözdenur Demir Het Jan Jongeriuscomplex Illuminated - Harriëëëëëën van Dijk Redefining abandonment through inhabitation - Ifigeneia Dimitrakou Recording and Projecting Architecture - Filippo Maria Doria De Tilbrug - Guido Greijdanus Rebinding the Centre - Emma Grüüüün Rehab Rotterdam - Joost Harteveld Stitched Space - Lindi Hofman The New University of Amsterdam - Evert van Imhoff The Repositionable Art Podium - Edwin Jacobs Urban Shelter Proposal - Diederik de Jonge The Bold Line - Ignas Kalinauskas, Job van den Heuvel Gashouder, Westergasfabriek - Nina Ketelaars The resilient river - David Klinkhamer Moerwijk Hofjes - Oriana Kraemer The Bridge - Edu Lamtara The Palace and the Big Box - Rolf van der Leeuw Responsive Suburbia - Dominika Linowska The Lobby of the Metropole - Frank Loer Corredor de Agua Urbano - Sara Navrady Breaking the barriers in Koog-Zaandijk - Vincent Paar The Open Ended City - Erjen Prins The Glass Palace - David Schmidt Co-Creation in Real-Estate - Sandra Straub Integrating Informality - Rohan Varma Almere 2.0 floodproof - Myrthe Vermoolen Notion of the North - Remko van der Vorm Inside Out - Sander van de Wejier Grand Bazaar Utopia Ankara - Yinghua Wen People's Commune 2.0 Reconfiguration - Xiayu Wu Muiderpoort Station Renewed - Hyeonsu Yang Public Frames - Floris van der Zee Community Learning Centre - Jan Maarten Mulder Digital Design & Digital Fabrication for ultimate challenges - Pieter Stoutjesdijk
This project focusses on the balance between formal and informal spaces. In our cities we are confronted with an increasing density by the addition of formal entities. Informal space, not marked by form or ceremony, comes under pressure. There is a need to find new ways to incorporate ‘the informal’. Our statement is that - regardless shape or size - formal should always come hand in hand with informal. Reinterpreting the Roman Forum, we propose a 3-dimensional ensemble of formal buildings, which generate an informal in-between, a space for customization. Like Tschumi, we suggest an approach of ‘donne lieu’: opening place rather than imposing limits. The numerous cavities are all interconnected and form an open landscape. This results in a building which doesn’t act on itself, but adds quality to the city’s public space.
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Extending the Informal Roxana Abdollahi Herman Gaarman Sijme van Jaarsveld
1. 'Rotterdam Multi-cultural Museum' 2. Extending the Livingroom: Formality vs. Informality 3. Cavity of Choice
Capacities of zuidas is not only a dwelling project, but an exercise on a stronger relationship between the building and it's place on the urban scheme. The project focused on the development of a building composed of different dwelling typologies around an interior courtyard. In turn this building is part of a larger scheme of 4 buildings, with a criteria that they should not exceed 35m in height mediating between the 20m of the Van Eesteren neighborhood and the Zuidas business highrises. This creates a more comfortable space for cultural and commercial activity to occur, reversing the deadness associated with the office schedule of the area and ultimately proving that Zuidas has the capacity to be more than a business district. Â The volumetric scheme of all 4 buildings dictates a morphological valley forming the central plaza where the mentioned activity takes place. This is reflected on the developed building with the inclusion of viewing platforms, connected by an exterior staircase leading to a roof top cafe as a different perspective of observation towards the city, contemplation of activity and a separation from the public ground level for the dweller.Â
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Capacities of Zuidas Felipe Aldana
The current housing problems in the city of Amsterdam due the lack of space in the historic centre and the expected numbers of newcomers resulted in new plans for the city. These plans included the â€œrollout of the city centreâ€? and the densification of the city. The design aims to create an autonomous structure for the city which will facilitate a variety of spaces that fully accommodate individual desires. Through flexibility and heterogeneity the tower will be provided a rich spatial variety. It is a stable structure with an unstable interiority, full of unexpected spaces that change through time. It is a building with no longer one point of gravity inside. It is rather a framework where the future users will be able to fill in their ideal place, space and position. Living in a skyscraper has never been this superior as living to the ground. It is the new spatial experience!
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Tripolis Mohammed Reza Alkaabi
Ontwerp voor co-creatie:
Wijkvernieuwing vanuit particulier initiatief in de Eilandenbuurt
De Eilandenbuurt in Rotterdam Zuid kampt met een eenzijdige particuliere woningvoorraad die dreigt te verloederen, doordat sociale stijgers eerder verhuizen dan dat ze de woningen opknappen. Door de vele verhuizingen, het gebrek aan kwalitatieve buitenruimte en voorzieningen staat de leefbaarheid onder druk. Deze problematiek vraagt om een wijkontwikkeling vanuit particulier initiatief. Door aan te sluiten op de herontwikkeling van het naastgelegen Zuidplein kan dit momentum worden benut om een stedelijk transformatie van de Eilandenbuurt op gang te brengen. Stedenbouwkundige ontwerp voor co-creatie schept ruimte voor bewoners om zelf initiatief te nemen in verbetering van hun woonomgeving door de overgang tussen openbaar en privaat uit te breiden op verschillende schaalniveaus van het stedelijk weefsel. Zo ontstaat er een samenspel van verschillende stedenbouwkundige regimes, die zowel duidelijkheid als vrijheid scheppen voor zelfbouw, woninguitbreiding of inrichting van de buitenruimte in overstemming met de mate van zeggenschap van bewoners. Het resultaat is een stedenbouwkundig plan dat de Eilandenbuurt op een vanzelfsprekende manier verbind met het nieuwe Zuidplein, zonder zijn identiteit als woonomgeving te verliezen. Belangrijker nog, het plan biedt volop kansen voor bewoners om zelf te investeren in de woning en zijn omgeving. Dit levert op den duur een gevarieerde en betrokken woonomgeving op voor de huidige, maar ook voor toekomstige bewoners.
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Moulds of Space Fabio Baldo
The physical gesture of carving the rock, establishes a dialogue with our primordial instinct and the ground. Space is generated in its immaterial aspect, because thought as positive and subtracted from mass under the continuous pressure of gravity. In such a process, the action of subtraction acquires other values, not only the physical and the architectural one... Â Architecture becomes a way to explore the site in its physical elements, tectonics and daily conditions. Always negotiating between what is there and what is going to be added-subtracted in the research of a balance. Like in an organism. Like in Nature.
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The metropolis and five stages of modernity
Jorick Beijer The thesis deals with the (re-) emergence of modernity in the public domain, infrastructures and urban form of Los Angeles. In retrospective the thesis outlines four historic periods of modernity and renders another possible future. The research distinguishes the very specific urban ecologies of the 1880's ecology of horse tracks, the 1940's streetcar ecology and the 1970 ecology of the freeway. Urban ecology ties territoriality to culture and so illuminates very specific socio-spatial processes that are either fluid or (temporary) crystallised. These ecologies appear nonlinear and often simultaneous or parallel. The thesis argues that earlier ecologies are starting to reappear as evolved shadows. Breaking with Los Angeles’ historic character of expansion, an inwards oriented urban armature is proposed. As a apparatus to (re)connect great microenvironments, catalyse inner block pedestrian areas, and appropriate elevated green landscapes – the monorail discusses contemporary cultures in the multiplication of new and very old modernities.
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De Scholendriehoek te Bos en Lommer werd in de vijftiger jaren volgens de licht-, lucht- en ruimteprincipes van het “Nieuwe Bouwen” ontworpen. Deze kenmerken waren het uitgangspunt voor de transformatie van de leegstaande Daniël Goedkoopschool tot kinderrevalidatiecentrum. Doel was om het verlaten gebied een impuls te geven, waarbij de gekozen interventies voor het totaalplan zorgen voor interactie tussen gebruiker en gemeenschap. De nieuwe stedenbouwkundige as doorsnijdt het gebouw op de begane grond en biedt toegang tot het achtergelegen park. Aan deze as grenzen de publieke functies. Direct achter de transparante gevels van de nieuwe vleugel bevinden zich de verkeersroutes, waarbij men door strijklicht langs de oude gevels ervaart hoe deze nieuwbouw om het bestaande gebouw heen grijpt. De behandelruimtes rond drie patio’s bieden juist geborgenheid. Door de bewuste stedenbouwkundigeen architectonische benadering van ruimtes ontstaat de gewenste interactie die de sociale participatie en het genezingsproces van het revaliderende kind stimuleert.
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Een school voor iedereen, een revalidatiecentrum in de gemeenschap Bos & Lommer
In ‘Can you keep a secret?’ the reuse of the abandoned RDM submarine building complex (Onderzeebootloods) in Rotterdam (NL) and its surrounding industrial harbor area was researched. The goal was to boost the livability and to create attractive public place for visitors. This resulted into a plan for urban redevelopment of the whole RDM and Heijplaat area. This formed the basis for a close-up architectural design for an educational ‘Sustainable Science Center’ for children, to be located in the secluded former submarine sheds.
Throughout the project, the preservation and reuse of our supersized industrial heritage was rethought. These require a different approach than monumental buildings in the traditional sense. Thorough determination of the architectural and historical value of the existing building as well as the analysis of the future function and users, led to a methodic design process. Eventually the most valuable quality of the building, the power to fill people’s minds with wonder, has been kept.
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Can you keep a secret? Merel van den Berg
The current housing problems in the city of Amsterdam due the lack of space in the historic centre and the expected numbers of newcomers resulted in new plans for the city. These plans included the â€œrollout of the city centreâ€? and the densification of the city. Anurag Bhattacharya The design aims to create an autonomous structure for research the city which will facilitate The thesis operates on the a variety of spaces that fully accommodate intersection of information technology, individual desires. environmental design, context, users, Through flexibility heterogeneity architecture, andand computer aided the tower will be provided a rich spatial manufacturing domains. Focusing variety. It on is athe stable structure with an unstable development of self-sufficient interiority, full of unexpected spaces that architectural scale urban inserts using change through time. performance driven computational It techniques. is a building The with project no longer one point proposed is a ofLakefront gravity inside. It is rather a regeneration withframework buildings where the future will be able to fill of hybrid natureusers considering the life incycle their ideal place, space and position. and reusability of spaces for Living in a skyscraper nevertimes been this different purposes athas different superior as living to the ground. It in Mikkeli, Finland. The emphasisis the new spatial experience! being on design of the science centre
integrated with public esplanades and greenhouses. It is a combination of mapping using self-organizing multi-agent system based simulation methodology generating resultant spatial formations based on the impacts of the parametric relationships and driven by environmental needs taking into account the harsh winters, uncomfortable wind turbulences and low solar gain. Such approaches help in reducing post-optimization of built form and consequently allowing rational understanding of performance criteria and its impact on formal articulations throughout the design process.
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Study Centres for Amsterdam Tjerk de Boer Due to the digitalisation of study material the future academic library will facilitate only the act of studying. As such, these five new study centres function as embassies of tranquillity in a turbulent city, a place where you can concentrate or socialise with people with a similar purpose. A variety of meticulously proportioned rooms make up the interior. The internal configuration and diversity of rooms accommodate different modes of studying. Their permanent character, emphasised by their structural expression, can be seen as a statement and approach towards durability. Their monumental appearance is expressed in their scale and size in relation to their context. The proportions of the facade result in an overall architectonic language that, besides relating to its direct surroundings, identifies with the city on a larger scale.
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Talent in Concrete
Jongeren ontmoeting- en opvangcentrum in de voormalige St. Josephkerk, Robert Scott buurt te Amsterdam-West
Thijs Brienen The use of concrete in combination with the religious architecture principles creates the monumental value of the church. The ecclesiastical function is disappeared by depillarization. However, the social need of meeting is still present. Especially youth -with lack of perspective- have negative impacts on the Robert Scott neighborhood and Amsterdam West. Therefore a meeting and recreation centre is accommodated for these young people in the redesign. A separating element creates two atmospheres. Playful diversity is spatially and functionally determined in the intimate encounter living room and strongly connected with the youth square outside. The upper world focuses on calmness, inspiration, an auditorium for deepening, workshop spaces and library. The current sacral soberness -created by strict rhythm and materialization- is optimally used in the redesign. The element leads you as 'route- architecturale' through the centre. Visual relationships and collective-private transitions are important design aspects. Bringing together of young people is important for sustainable social cohesion in a neighborhood.
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Our existential space is never a two dimensional pictorial space, rather itâ€™s a lived and multi sensory, saturated and structured by memories and intentions. The inevitable process of aging, unearthing and decay are not usually considered as conscious and positive elements in design. The ideal architectural artefact is understood to exist in a timeless space, an idealised and artificial condition separated from the experiential reality of time. Sediment of a Fragmented landscape is a collage and assemblage that derived from an investigation of war damaged areas in the city of Pristina in Kosovo. It combines materiality and layers time, through three architecture types: Erasure, Decay & Appropriation. The site engenders the programme, an archive. The materiality used is filled with remnants and traces of a past landscape. It is a palimpsest of the city, documenting the site itself. The roof is placed upon the walls, where the gap suggests a moment of transition prior to roof failure, as the architecture types remain. The specific qualities of the site is exaggerated for the experience of time and duration, provided by various cycles, from light to darkness, of the seasons, and the longer life cycle evident in the physical breakdown and decay of our bodies. The architecture types helped to create a language fragmented or broken in its rhythm but nevertheless the presence of the design is not autonomous. It reinforces the quiet presence of one owns work. It is a reflection of a phenomenon that is particular to the context and the aim, is that in time, the landscape would grow naturally into being a part of the form and the history of the place.
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Sediment of a Fragmented Landscape Anvina Devi Canakiah
Lok Ma Chau
movement // place // relationship
Renske Maria van Dam The Hong Kong-China border, characterized by movement between cultural, political and environmental differences, will dissolve in 2047 leaving the liminal body at LokMaChau open for new place development. In contemporary theory, intensification of movement and difference is understood as generating â€˜placelessnessâ€™, this project shows the possibility of a positive sense of place within movement. By creating five personages as inspiration for design, place is not only understood as tangible object providing embodied experience, but also as intangible relation causing resonance. This understanding of place is materialized by the design of an inhabited bridge where place within movement can be experienced through three atmospheres that, defined by kinesthetic differences, engage with a relational void, global and local program and the surroundings of the borderland. The LokMaChau bridge therefore becomes a place to not only move through, but also go to, and therefore provides for a sense of place within movement.
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the Creative Village Duindorp, Netherlands
An open, flexible model for the interaction of local community and creative class, enhances learning activity via seeing, feeling, awareness, querying and trying. The project analyses the urban developments and transformations on different scales and constructs links among the various creative facilities in the city of Den Haag. Scheveningen Harbour opens a new frame to the both professional and local artistic aspect of Den Haag. The project aims to reflect this frame on Duindorp and contribute on social sustainability. The social interaction is encouraged by approaching to human scale. The relations among the various functional units were analyzed and the allocation of the units was studied by a computational method. The village is sheltered by a BIPV roof, renewing energy and preventing pollution. The transportational opportunities, leading the new boulevard, links to the village and the environmental variations such as the sea, the unique dunescape, and the urban context promotes the architecture.
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With the redevelopment of the Jongerius complex in Utrecht the focus is not only at the monumental buildings, but also the less important factory halls are part of the design task; tangible heritage is more valuable than the architectural image. By an analyzing design method a layered design has arised that keeps the heritage alive, supplements existing features and merge new additions with the existing architecture. The Jongerius complex will be redeveloped as Congress Centre of the nearby Jaarbeurs. By this functional and urban relations originate in relation with the existing 'exhibition architecture' of the historical complex. The monuments will be redeveloped as meeting centre, the factory halls will be exhibition spaces. A new lobby building connects the old buildings added with two 'floating' auditoriums. The walls of the oldest factory building have been remained as dividing walls underneath the auditoriums, so the origin of the Jongerius company stay perceptible. By the new high entrance building an extra landmark is added to the characteristics of the old complex. The combination of the new, enlightened buildings with the illuminated old buildings makes the complex to a unit and gives the whole a new identity.
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Het Jan Jongeriuscomplex Illuminated Harriëëëën van Dijk
Redefining abandonment through inhabitation Ifigeneia Dimitrakou The project "Redefining abandonment through inhabitation" is a R&D project about Athens in crisis and more precisely about the dual process of abandonment- arrival of new actors occurring in the body of polykatoikia1 building and expanded in the central neighborhoods of Athens which is threatening the social sustainability of center. The aim is to provide a response to “urban decay” through a strategy which focuses on the conditions of inhabitation in the centre and the socio-spatial integration of the “invisibles” in the system of the city. By rethinking the potentials of polykatoikia model, by empowering the local level by integrating actors and practices in the daily system of the city and by converting them from actors to agents, the “revitalization” of the center is aimed. The outputs are: a contextbased strategy for the neighborhood of Ag.Panteleimonas - Athens and three planning instruments which cover all the levels and patterns of abandonment and define from new programs and urban rules to power formations, and decision-making/ implementation processes.
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This project envisions the limit of the process of dematerialization of physical culture in the case of a blinds library. For a blind, there is always an intermediate phase between the confrontation with physical reality and the formation of an internal image of space, where the function of the eye is substituted by an additional intellectual effort. Lacking the sense of vision as a spontaneous interpretation of space, the blind is constantly forced to codify the external into verbal and numerical systems in order to delineate the characteristics of his surroundings. It is therefore common practice between blinds, that of counting their steps to measure distances in the city, or relying on names and descriptions to recognise places and objects. Without sight, space loses its certainties and become a conjecture, an hypothesis.
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Recording and Projecting Architecture A blinds library for the city of Rome
Filippo Maria Doria
De Tilbrug Guido Greijdanus
Research The research is geared towards the instruments of architecture. A toolset of four principles is defined: constraint, intensification, layer and blending. Within design complexity, they act as conceptual structures to build up a design. They synthesize, give definition and resolve conflicts. They work on the threshold of pragmatism and formalism. Project The project implements the four principles as a case study. As a large-scale, hybrid and contextualproblematic development it ought to demonstrate the instrumentsâ€™ application. Besides this, the design engages with some extensive issues of the city; the building tries to patch Tilburgâ€™s lack of functioning public space and a well-defined focal point.
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Rebinding the Centre:
An urban restructure proposal of the Historical City Core of Managua through its cultural, landscape & heritage assets
Emma GrĂźĂźn The appearance of urban informality in the socio-spatial structure as well as the lack of a clear planning framework has led Nicaraguan cities such as Managua, to an urban structure, which no longer relates the urban system to a coherent urban form. The sectoral approach to spatial planning development is causing urban growth to be directed through market-based initiatives, as well as fragmented and punctual public interventions, avoiding the process of inclusion and assessment of values. Hence, the proposal undertakes the approach of cultural heritage assets as the redevelopment strategy based on the hypothesis that if there is a functional recuperation of the Historical City Core by the recognition of its assets (cultural, spatial and social), the cityâ€™s identity can be restored; activating urban restructuring initiatives towards a more coherent urban form development. Resulting in a new model of development that aims at integrated actions with a multi-dimensional, multiactor and multi-scalar setting.
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Rehab Rotterdam Joost Harteveld
This clinic is housing patients to rehabilitate from their injuries or handicaps, situated along the Westersingel in midst of Rotterdam city. The introvert character of the building is a protecting gesture for its fragile content in such a highly public environment. Therewith its lowness dissolves in the parky landscape of the Westersingel and the Museumpark, which creates a new visual relation between these two public realms. Moreover this pleasant horizontality splits up the clinicâ€™s programme over two floors; from the Westersingel level the (out)patients directly enter the medical treatment area, on the lower level of the Museumpark the domestic (in)patient accommodation is situated. The buildings scheme is based on four specified medical departments surrounding each a secluded garden with an open embracing character, inviting light and greenery to penetrate inwards; blurring the borders between inside and outside. This makes the building like a garden wall, enclosing the fragile matter of rehabilitation between two borders of the public realm.
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For many years after the Kosovo war ended, there was almost no regulation of construction by the municipality of Prishtina. In the absence of enforcement of building regulations the booming construction industry was restricted only by social rules and spatial limitations. These restrictions gave rise to a stitched spatial condition. Stitched space connects and brings together, often producing spatial and programmatic mismatches. Through mapping the logic of stitched space was explored. A neighbourhood was designed in which spaces can be rented or bought by parties for their own use, thus a variety of program ranging from private to public is included. The resultant spatial mismatches create programmatic potential and generate activities on the borders. The structure is filled in by the inhabitants themselves, using DIY construction methods. By applying a spatial logic from the territory the design responds to the context of the city as a collective construction of space.
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A Patchwork neighbourhood in Prishtina
The New University of Amsterdam Evert van Imhoff The transformation of the Tram remise in Amsterdam West is a design study based on the requirements and needs for the New University of Amsterdam (NUA). The NUA provides students a new flexible and interactive study environment, which introduces and realizes “the new way of studying” for Dutch university students. The NUA offers diverse Dutch universities the possibility to set up a subsidiary university right in the middle of the city of Amsterdam. In contrast to the common isolated university campus, different study faculties are brought together into one innovative and interactive educational centre. In order to fit in the new program of the NUA the existing building structure of the Tram remise is followed. A second axis in the form of a bridge is introduced for better circulation and connection between the diverse functions. Furthermore to improve the accessibility of the Tram remise and interaction between the context and the users, parts of the existing structure are demolished. This concept of “the new way of studying” incorporates the technological possibilities of today and answers to the demand of a more flexible study environment. The NUA serves as a national prototype with the possibility to connect universities worldwide.
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The Repositionable Art Podium
cal research and design of the repositionable art podium using modularity
In a globalizing world many events travel from city to city providing a temporal economical and social boosts to the region (e.g. the Olympic Games and the World football championships). The goal for the RAP was to design an art podium that could travel like these events but instead of using â€˜disposableâ€™ buildings (if not designed for adaptation) take the building to the next event in another city. The RAP uses modular components (the size and weight of the maximal transportable cargo by truck) to be easily disassembled, transported to a new location and assembled on the new site. Instead of assembling the building in the same way on a different location the modular components can be rearranged to produce new layouts which can be used to adapt the design to the new context which changes as the building relocates.
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Making plans for one year, we plant rice. Making plans for ten years we plant trees. Making plans for one hundred years, we prepare people. - Chinese old saying This saying perfectly describes the idea behind this research and design project. Preparing for (natural) disasters in urban slum areas often means adaptability, both of humans and buildings. The adaptable community centre combines slumupgrading facilities in pre-disaster periods, like sanitation and éducation, with safe shelter solutions during typhoons, earthquakes and floods. Afterwards the centre will function as a save haven during after-shocks and offers many opportunities for relief-aid and re-building phases. The focus on various phases during the research phase resulted in various special design solutions. Defining a pre-disaster phase (education & facilities) made sure that safe, light and large classrooms as well as proper and accessible sanitation are placed in the building, right where they belong. Focussing on three very different natural disasters like earthquakes, typhoons and floods during alarming and sheltering phases (during-disaster phase), finally resulted in a very clear, fixed and special concrete structure to resist earthquakes and a specially designed multifunctional façade to resist windborne debris impacts during typhoons. Adding a post-disaster phase (relief aid & rebuilding) finally completes the complex circle of building use to make sure that the building functions properly, right at the moment when it is needed the most.
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Urban Shelter Proposal:
Design of an Adaptable Community Center as an urban base for empowerment
Diederik de Jonge
The Bold Line
Defining urban void by building a condition
Ignas Kalinauskas Job van den Heuvel The Bold Line introduces a unique condition - the Supersized Inhabitable Urban Pergola - which is a provocative, avant-garde combination of nature, landscape, architecture and infrastructure. The main concept is to trigger a boulevard, an open-air public space, that originates from the city as a folded street and meanders through the Supersized Pergola embodied in stairs, ramps, escalators, travellators and plazas. Within this spatial network, there are varying characteristics of land use, programs, landscapes and architectural typologies that are all connected in a most hybrid manner. Foreign programmes to the area are introduced spreading from sports, spa, aqua park, multifunctional stage to eco-friendly practices such as urban agriculture, organic food shops and Eco-educational activities. The project proposes tactics of how to increase density and greenify the city by using its undefined urban voids in a most straightforward way.
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Gashouder, Westergasfabriek De relatie tussen architectonische interventies en de stedenbouwkundige context
Nina Ketelaars Het Westergasterrein is gelegen in Amsterdam-West tussen enerzijds het negentiende-eeuwse Westerpark welk doodloopt op de stad en aan de andere zijde volkstuinen en polder wat over loopt in natuurlandschap. Huidig gebruik benadrukt een zeer gewaardeerd voorbeeld van herbestemming waar de sporen van zware industrie nog tastbaar zijn. Mijn ontwerp reageert op een drietal schaalniveaus op de context. Hierbij breng ik zowel de bestaande gashouder, evenementenruimte, als twee nieuwe elementen, broedplaats voor creatieve bedrijven en een uitzichtroute in mijn ontwerp samen op een manier waarbij alle drie de onderdelen zelfstandig kunnen functioneren maar de elementen ook een meerwaarde hebben voor elkaar en het gehele project een meerwaarde voor de context heeft. Met behulp van verwijzingen naar het historische gebruik van de gashouder heb ik een sterke samenhang tussen de verschillende ingrepen en de context ontworpen, waarbij de kwaliteiten van de omgeving worden ingezet om de gebruikskwaliteit van de gashouder te vergroten.
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The resilient river David Klinkhamer
River cities displayed an intimate and complex relationship with water. However, during the industrialization the waterway network lost its monopoly in infrastructure and river- cities have seen a weakening of their relationship with water. The riverfront today is a legacy of industrialization and maritime commerce and typically a city’ s most contested zone. The river has become a physical barrier and needs to be redefined in order to regenerate the urban life around it. The river requires a radical restructuring of its meaning, use and its occupants; it needs its own ‘ physical’ regeneration. This graduation project explores the potentials of today’ s neglected European riverfronts and provides a new vision for the urban river in order to restore its relationship with land, city and inhabitants. By ‘ re-weaving’ urbanism, mobility, architecture and landscape in the urban fabric of Vienna the riverfront is transformed in an actively and productively used public space in order to (re)-connect the city and its river.
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Transforming a post-war housing block in regards to its privacy zoning
'Moerwijk Hofjes' is a thorough analytical design study, looking at the past, present and future of a typical Dudokian post-war housing block in The Hague. The design suggests a subtle but effective architectural transformation that meets today's demands and increases the quality of life for inhabitants. With the thoughtful re-organisation of floor plans, the restoration of garden access, the design of prefabricated extensions, a new ownership strategy, the (re-) definition of private, semiprivate and public zones and the integration of communal facilities, this steplike proposal responds to various parameters: economical pressure, ecological demands and an explosive social mix of tenants. 'Moerwijk Hofjes' is an ambitious and at the same time realistic vision of upgrading post-war heritage and its neighbourhoods. Posing a real alternative to demolition, it can serve as a prototype for housing corporations that are now more than ever eager to economically improve similar property all over the Netherlands.
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The Bridge Edu Lamtara
Densification prowls trough cities streets, lurking on urban qualities that to easily, are given. Lost in a firm hold as they are slowly forgotten. Can architecture give answer to the needs of tomorrows dweller while preserving qualities that are lost in the choke of today's densification? The city of Amsterdam is painted with a richness of colors. It is a collection of unique snapshot moments, quickly taken in rapid succession that create the cities bustling experience. The design site Overhoeks is a vibrant snapshot in its album. When disembarking from ship, one can see figures dancing. They reminisce of rainbows discovering the sky while storm rages, they drift through clouds and open doors to the potentials of unused spaces. As they leap from side to side, they activate, they provide, they teach. The rainbows are frameworks, filled with a richness of dwellings, while they infuse the existing with complementary functions.
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The Palace and the Big Box
An urban intervention for the fringe belt of The Hague
Rolf van der Leeuw
The Hague is a city of dichotomies. On the morphological level two distinct spatial structures are present which are opposite in their formal presence but similar in the role they fulfil for the city. Both the park belt in the north and the fringe belt in the south form a spatial framework for large urban institutions that create a link between the local and the urban level. This project starts from the premise that the regeneration of the Haagse Markt has the potential to establish such a link in order to open up the introvert character of the adjacent Schilderswijk and Transvaalkwartier. The new urban square is developed in relation to the spatial characteristics of the fringe belt according to three design principles. This new large-scale urban space is complemented with a new market building which is developed in relation to the Big Box typology as a fringe belt's Palace.
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Responsive Suburbia Dwelling and working in IJBurg
Responsive Suburbia is a project of 72 units, addressing housing in suburban areas such as IJBurg. Two dwelling types are distributed around the site forming clusters of live and work units. Apartments consist of free-standing, row, and semi-detached typologies, depending on their orientation. The capacity of these units to grow incrementally (‘responsive housing’) is a key feature of this project. Responsive Suburbia proposes an approach to the design of collective spaces, blurring the boundaries between public and private. The façade materialization corresponds with this notion as well as the idea of balancing individual expression with the community’s identity. The project has an activity strip located between the waterside and residential edge, consisting of landscape and recreational functions serving as a lively catalyst for the neighbourhood. Responsive Suburbia could be appropriated as a positive example for living collectively, and a healthy model for designing blank development sites such as IJBurg.
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The Lobby of the Metropole Frank Loer
With the ongoing increase of mobility architecture becomes increasingly infrastructural. Hubs and airports are examples of a new paradigm that orchestrate the cities in which we live as continuous commuters. The conclusions of a research on the Metabolists and the history of Rotterdam are applied to a habitable bridge in Rotterdam as replacement of the current Willemsbrug. The project draws inspiration from the multifunctional Boompjes of the Golden Age proposing a multitude of functions around the river. Through the combination of architecture and infrastructure a powerful urban mediator comes to existence that both connects and creates places. The hybrid bridge links Rotterdam Zuid with the City Centre while simultaneously embedding itself in the Randstad. The project provides an alternative for the infrastructural dominance and lacking urban activity at the Nieuwe Maas. A public building is proposed which exploits the potential of metropolitan accumulation returning Rotterdam to the river.
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Corredor de Agua Urbano Sara Navrady
Riberas del Bravo is an isolated social housing development on the eastern edge of Ciudad Juarez in Mexico. Adjacent to the US-Mexico border fence, the area is plagued with issues of spatial and social dysfunction including abandoned housing, insecurity, and a lack of public space. Ironically the most scenic location in Riberas is the heavily vegetated sewage canal running through the center of the site. The Corredor de Agua Urbano remediates the canal to create a connective public spine through the site by overlapping and connecting three realms: infrastructure, landscape and public space. By intersecting community built constructed wetlands with public facilities including an outdoor cinema, residents become invested in maintaining the wetlands while simultaneously generating treated water for urban farming. As a result, the area of greatest blight becomes the area of greatest potential, cultivating over time to regenerate a sense of identity and community for its inhabitants.
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Koog-Zaandijk is situated just north of Amsterdam, in the Zaanstreek, an area rich of industrial heritage. This area is part of the Amsterdam metropolitan area, where the introduction of a metro like railroad system is considered. As a consequence the railroad track and the provincial road cannot cross on the same level anymore. The main theme of the project is connecting East and West of the railroad track by breaking the barriers of the railroad track, the provincial road and an existing cocoa factory. Studio objectives are densification within existing urban fabric, improving the station nodes and re-use of industrial heritage. A courtyard typology, with the station pavilion, and the underground infrastructure as the most public function in the centre proved to be a solution that generates new urban and architectural qualities, defines new relationships between living, travelling and re-use of industrial heritage, while at the same time paying a tribute to the historical context.
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Breaking the barriers in Koog-Zaandijk Vincent Paar
The Open Ended City
Embracing the incomprehensible postmodern urban society allowing for civil urban places in a nonlinear approach The case of Yongsan
Erjen Prins The world is in continuous change, therefore our approach on conceiving the built environment should change. I am addressing the indeteministic nature of society, exploring the consequences of current changes and interpreting how this is affecting our perception, demands and use of the space. The fast urbanizing liquid society, determined by the unpredictable individual and the ignorant conceiver, demands for a revised approach of the urban. Sustainable environments are not merely responding to current situations, they are able to adapt to future changes. In our approach of the urban we should explore open urban models that cater for civil and tolerant urban places. Obtaining harmonious cohabitation in a globally urbanizing and socially liquidizing situation in which social bonds are disintegrating and new volatile social relations emerge. Conceiving urban strategies that cater for civil urban places enhancing the social interaction among the local and the global is critical.
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The Public Retreat
A Glass Palace for the University of Amsterdam
David Schmidt This Master thesis concerns a research on the changing role of the academic library and a proposal for a new learning centre for the University of Amsterdam. The project explores the potential of the library as the defender of a public retreat in a commercialized public space, where academic society is represented and one can study private in public. The studios posed problem arose out of the question â€œWho owns the city centre?â€? The university library is one of the last public institutions still present in the inner city. The threat of exile from the inner city is however more present than ever before. A university library enables the opportunity to create a building that is both public, but in a way also very private. The private act of studying takes place in a space where others are studying, a public space dedicated to concentration without distractions, but also to gathering and being conscious of others. That is the paradox where this project is about. It is about the university library as a public retreat.
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CO_CREATING A MONUMENT
creating architecture in a changed world of practice
Sandra Straub Inspired by todayâ€™s reality for the practicing architect; a reality of change, crisis, small budgets and interdependencies; I searched for a new approach to architecture and the process behind its realization. This search both from an architectural and real-estate perspective has culminated in a design to co-creatively redevelop an obsolete train viaduct in Rotterdam. My research concludes that many projects put on hold or forgotten today could still become inspiring architecture if approached through co-creation -- the close collaboration of both consumers and producers, an approach already known from the fashion and food industry. To enable this, the design is based on an unmovable fact common for all involved from the market, government and the civilians: its status of the viaduct as rijksmonument. Any subtle addition or removal through the architectural interventions thus aims to strengthen the viaducts monumental character, thereby providing a base and a direction for co-creative design.
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A Case for an Informal Settlement in Mumbai
Rohan Varma With more than sixty percent of its population, an estimated 10 million squatters, Mumbai is often considered to be the global capital of slumming. It's vast informal settlements have grown in pockets throughout the city with little access to adequate housing, infrastructure and urban resources. This has in turn prompted several responses in recent years from both the government as well as from civil society, that largely rely on solely increasing the supply of affordable housing. What many of these policies crucially ignore is that the issue is simply not about supplying 'X' number of affordable units, but is one of exclusion â€“ which is a process we must reverse. In order to do that, we must begin to recognize informal settlements not as isolated islands of poverty â€“ but as valid parts of the city that need to be integrated within their larger contexts. Through research and analysis of an informal settlement in the city's financial district, the project attempts to use a series of design tools and strategies that not only rehabilitates the existing slum dwellers, but helps integrate them with the cities that lie beyond their borders.
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Almere 2.0 floodproof
An integral approach to the balance between measures on different layers of multi-layer safety
Myrthe Vermoolen This project provides handles for integral assessment of flood risk management measures and the multi-layer safety approach (MLS), based on the case of Almere 2.0. This results in two alternative proposals for the 0-alternative (continuing current practice) for the Schaalsprong in the Southern Flevopolder and a framework for comparative assessment. Alternative 1, MLS layer 1 (prevention) and 2 (impact reduction), is a combination of a multifunctional unbreachable dike, compartmentalization and water storage. Alternative 2, MLS layer 2 and 3 (disaster mitigation), is a combination of accommodating full evacuation of inhabitants and flood proofing vulnerable and vital functions. The test case learns that purely in terms of costs related to gained economic damage reduction the 0-alternative of stronger flood defences is most cost-efficient and governmentally feasible. Both alternatives however show that working through the different layers of MLS not only increases water safety, but also spatial quality, flexibility, and possibilities to anticipate on other (climate) challenges. In general, the best balance between the three layers of MLS will always be a human consideration between the different aspects of the framework.
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Notion of the North Remko van der Vorm
Amsterdam is undergoing major changes. The effects of the crisis are visible and Amsterdam is looking for new ways to deal with the ever changing demands of its (future) inhabitants. Urban renewal will have a big impact on the northern part of the city and its distinctive ‘personality’. Characterized by areas with small industry, enterprises and pockets of working class housing, Amsterdam Noord has a specific urban patchwork and strong identity. Through time this part of the city developed into a district where living, industry and working can co-exist. It is informal, not ‘tidy’ and indifferent. Being part of a divers, vibrant metropolis, the unique character of this district needs to be preserved. This notion forms the base for this urban and architectural proposal. Through a powerful morphological gesture and specific programming on various levels, this intervention embeds the site and the identity of Amsterdam Noord in the collective memory of the city.
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“FLEXIBLE BOUNDARIES in the form of TRANSITIONAL ZONES that are neither completely private nor completely public, on the other hand, will often be able to function as CONNECTING LINKS, making it easier for residents and activities to move back and forth between private and public spaces, BETWEEN IN AND OUT” Jan Gehl – Life between buildings
Sander van de Wejier
The public domain has more and more become a topic of discussion in architecture. Architects no longer only design buildings, spaces around these buildings have become an important integral part of architecture. This can be clearly seen from the increasingly complex designs of spaces surrounding buildings. This project is about making a gradual transition between the public and private, facilitating residents’ smooth transition from ‘inside’ dwellings to ‘outside’ spaces and back again. Creating diverse spaces, with different degrees of privacy, the architecture enables residents to extend their dwellings by Taking place. Characteristically, spaces have a small border area of transition and range from more private around the dwelling to less so closer to the public street. Taking place in these spaces, people are likely to interact with each other, and thus create social cohesion.
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Grand Bazaar Utopia Ankara Yinghua Wen
Grand Bazaar Utopia Ankara is a project designed out of the specific context of Turkey. The project is located at the border of the State Farm area in the centre of Ankara. Since the State Farm is searching for a transformation in the new century, the project is a catalyst for this change. In order to keep the utopian nature of the State Farm - a land to cultivating the nation - and evoke in the new urban context, the project is programmed as a bazaar with a theatre, which embeds the essence of craftsmanship and a dynamic commercial-culture environment. The composition of the bazaar refers to the traditional turkish bazaar, with the streets and courtyards. The simple architectonic elements and the typology of traditional courtyards generate rich spaces of different scale for different programs, which is a dynamic system for the State Farm in future.
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People's Commune 2.0 Reconfiguration
Developing a participatory strategy for upgrading Chinese post-Danwei community
A major feature of China’s urban transformation was the breakdown of the Danwei (work-unit) system of urban development with the consequent efforts at communitybuilding. The post-Danwei community has become a meeting ground for citizen activities and partystate intervention. No longer just a supplementary institution of state control, the Danwei now confronts a crisis in terms of its spatial, economic, political and social transformation. In the process of revitalization, there is a dilemma between grass-roots democracy and top-down state governance.
The objective of this project was to research and design a participatory democratic community model within the conception of People’s commune 2.0 configuration. It has synthesized participation and communication strategies with a user-co-creation platform as carrier for actorsengagement patterns and spatial interventions in accordance with local needs and resources. It promotes community-level democracy development, and enables people to be aware of hidden values of their living environment. This is done through participating in sustainable daily goods landscape design and implementation process, thereby securing the position of local residents culturally, spatially and economically.
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Muiderpoort Station Renewed Hyeonsu Yang Large infrastructural works dominate the area around Muiderpoort station and the adjacent Oosterspoorplein. The area was designed in 1930â€™s as an elegant ensemble in style with the Amsterdam Amstel Station, but as it was cut off from the urban fabric by railway dikes, never contributed much to the public life in the adjacent neighborhoods. Recent alterations for the station-area did not solve the initial problems, but rather weakened the urban and architectural quality. In order to transform Muiderpoort station area from an unfavorable place to the heart of local neighborhoods in East Amsterdam, I propose the modification of dikes into public buildings. Also new entrances to the station platforms alongside the street and Oosterspoorplein that provide a better connection between the Dapperbuurt and the Indischebuurt the existing viaduct will be broadened and improved by skylights and new internal facades. The plan must be seen as a generator for the area, a first step, leaving space for new developments on the south side of the Oosterspoorplein in the future.
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Public Frames This project focuses on the isolated condition of Transvaal neighbourhood in Amsterdam and it proposes two architectural interventions. Transvaal is excluded from its surroundings by a railwayembankment and a canal. The intention is to reconnect the neighbourhood with its surroundings, while safeguarding its character as a city within the city. This is why a pair of gate buildings is proposed; clearly framing the neighbourhood as a spatial entity and simultaneously establishing a new urban route. Thereby each intervention marks the bordercrossing, allows a passage and frames a space to house a public function.
a dialectic unity
Floris van der Zee
1: Intervention within the railway embankment. Circular as a tube, though not placed horizontal like a tunnel, but vertical framing a space for a purpose. 2: Intervention over the ring-cannel. A sqaure framing land and water in one space. In fact, two bridges which span the cannal and a collection of spaces whithin the dike, to house program.
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Community Learning Centre Jan Maarten Mulder My urban proposal centres on the provision of more friendly street conditions, as a counter proposal to the high-rise developments that have been slowly erasing the street condition, which is so unique and vibrant in Korea. The location of my architectural design is where the pedestrian area meets the high-rise developments. This not only allows the design to mediate - in a volumetric way - between the low-rise building blocks and high-rise towers, but it also continues and reunites the two different kinds of public spaces. My design embodies a new roofed public space for community activities and will accommodate for a ‘Community Learning Centre’. In this way the design forms a new approach to experiencing street life and addresses broader social issues in Korea by combining space for study, leisure – like sports and karaoke - academic and creative pursuits into one design.
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Digital Design & Digital Fabrication for ultimate challenges Pieter Stoutjesdijk This project combines the potential of a predicted New Industrial Revolution with one of the greatest challenges ahead: â€œThe problem the world needs to solve is to build a 1-millioninhabitant city per week for the next 20 years for $10,000 per family.â€? (Aravena, 2011) A proven principle of digitally cut 2D elements with integrated friction-fit connections for full scale building has been developed to reach new levels of adaptability, simplicity, material efficiency, aesthetics and structural performance. Combined with a new open design process it allows broadly defined building performance to become the main guiding design principle. The rational ornamentation in the building system is a modern reinterpretation highly decorated Haitian vernacular gingerbread architecture. A concentrated solar power system integrated in the parabolic roof provides three basic needs of a shelter: protection, electricity and clean drinking water. The customizable architecture is 100% CNC-milled, is 100% biobased, 100% locally produced and stores its own weight in carbon.
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Published on Sep 20, 2013