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P O R T F O L I O Architecture |

Urbanism

Anubhuti Chandna MSc Urbanism | TU Delft, Netherlands +31 626 936 291 chandna.anubhuti@gmail.com


ANUBHUTI CHANDNA |

INFORMATION D.O.B - 4th March 1991 Address: Roland Holstlaan 537, 2624HP, Delft, Netherlands Nationality: Indian Mob: +31 626936291 Email: chandna.anubhuti@gmail.com

Architect

|

Urbanist

|

Explorer

|

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE Research Fellowship- Charles Correa Foundation, Goa July 2015- June 2016 Assistant Professor- Aayojan School of Architecture, Jaipur July 2014- Aug 2017 Architectural Intern- Vastu Shilpa Consultants, Ahmedabad January- June 2013

EDUCATION 2017- Ongoing MSc Urbanism TU Delft, Netherlands 2009-14 B.Arch (ID) Aayojan School of Architecture, Jaipur, India

SKILLS Adobe Indesign Adobe Photoshop Adobe Illustrator Arc GIS (Beginner) Rhino (Beginner)

PUBLICATIONS The Openness in(of) the City Understanding the relevance and notion of ‘openness’ in present day cities Re-imagining the Indian Historic City under Metropolitan Processes, Jaipur, India Towards a.n Holistic Urban Regeneration Strategy Collide | Unified | Synergy Defined Towards and Integrated System of Water Management in Jaipur What Rural India Needs Balancing traditional and modern practices in agriculture

Autodesk Autocad Autodesk Revit

RESEARCH I CONFERENCES I WORKSHOPS

Archicad Google Sketchup Microsoft Office Wordpress Mailchimp

Circular Water Stories Exhibition, TU Delft, Netherlands [12-22 March 2019] International Conference on Urban Conservation, Kolkata, India [26-28 Nov 2018] TU Delft Summer School: Planning and Design with Water for Sustainability [15-26 July 2018]

Mapbox

Confronting Informality Competition and Symposium [March - June 2018]

EXPERTISE

Delft X: Design for the Public Good | Dutch Urbanism [March - April 2017] Heritage Walk around living culture of Jaipur [27th Sept 2016]

Graphic Design Illustrations & Sketching Photography Communication Public Speaking Team work & Time Management

Z- Axis conference: Buildings as Ideas [1-3 Sept 2016] Capacity Building Workshop: Teaching Learning Design [13-14 Aug, 2016] Livable Cities [12-13 January 2014] 361 Degrees Conference [March 2013]


ABOUT ME

I enjoy taking time to sit outside, with a cup of coffee and observe people

developed at the Foundation were my leadership skills and the ability to

and buildings around me, interpreting my thoughts alongside in my

communicate to a larger audience as I was entrusted for organization

sketchbook. This has helped me develop an unusual perspective of the

and logistics of events such as lecture series, travel without moving,

urban environment and its interaction with the people. Professionally,

workshops, exhibitions and an international conference.

an architect and urbanist in the making, designer at heart, a bibliophile, dancer, city reader, an educator, explorer, animal lover, all in one!

Being an urbanism student at TU Delft has made me explore a lot of challenges and opportunities in the field of planning and design.

Hello! My name is Anubhuti. I have graduated with a Bachelors in

I have come to improve on my reading, writing, graphics, softwares

Architecture [B. Arch] and three years of professional experience prior to

and most importantly research and analytical skills. Through the

my ongoing Masters in Urbanism at The Delft University of Technology.

intensive and integrated course structure at TU Delft, I have had

Over the years, I have come to apprehend that be it architecture,

training in urban, regional, transport and infrastructure planning with

urban design, conservation or planning, cannot be worked in isolation.

sustainable development as the base for all projects. With my current

They are not just matter of aesthetic designs, but rather a means of

graduation project, which deals with water management issues in

communication between people ranging from all fields of urbanism.

the Global South, I am now exercising on environmental planning, urban water management and geography as well. I also undertook

Owing to my upbringing in a multicultural family living in Jaipur, India,

the Honours Master’s program of the university, working on an Urban

I was always drawn towards the history and cultural landscape of the

Regeneration project, which investigates into the urban identity of a city

city. Five years of academic course at Aayojan School of Architecture,

under metropolitan processes and seeks to revive the historic centre

Jaipur, transformed my instinctive excitement and imagination

of Jaipur through interventions in the public realm and culture of the

about architecture into a comprehensive understanding of spaces

place. Recently, I presented a paper on the same at the International

and language of elements. This aspect further extended during my

Conference of Urban Conservation, held in Kolkata, India.

internship at Vastu Shilpa Consultants as I was also fortunate enough to work with the Pritzker Winner of 2018, Prof. B. V. Doshi which helped

Apart from my studies, I have volunteered in organizing events like

me understand city’s behavioural patterns and how they manifest as an

‘The Confronting Informality Symposium’, an annual student led

architectural expression.

event sponsored by the Chair of Spatial Planning and Strategy at TU Delft, inviting experts, policy makers, practitioners, and students from

To span the continuum, post my bachelors, I worked as a research

various international universities to discuss informal urbanization and

fellow for a year at the ‘Charles Correa Foundation’, a not- for-profit

its implications in the global realm. I am a hardworking, self-motivated

organization working towards education and research in human

and creative person who is driven to explore different opportunities.

settlements. Apart from polishing my design and research skills

Post my graduation in June 2019, I wish to work with organizations that

through various projects that I undertook, the strengths that I most

offer diverse prospects and work on research projects which go beyond the academic curriculum. Thank You


CONTENTS

MSc URBANISM:

DISSERTATION:

TU Delft

Aayojan School of Architecture, Jaipur

[Sept 2017- June 2019]

[July 2013- Dec 2013]

01 | Catch Rain Where it Falls: Exploring the ancient water

11 | Streets as Cultural Spaces

wisdom of Jaipur 02 | Re-imagining the Indian Historic City under Metropolitan Processes, Jaipur 03| Provoking the Leviathan, Venice 04 | Generating the Gradient, Delft 05 | Zwolle, Netherlands

FELLOWSHIP:

INTERNSHIP:

Charles Correa Foundation

Vastu Shilpa Consultants, Ahmedabad

[July 2015- June 2016]

[Jan 2013- June 2013]

06 | Prototype Design for Anganwadis in Goa

12 | Redevelopment of Bhadra Precinct, Ahmedabad

07 | Design Guidelines for Anganwadis in Goa 08 | ‘Buildings as Ideas’- The Un Built Works of Charles Correa Exhibition 09 | Building Crafts of Goa: Research on Kaavi- Goa’s Sacred Art 10 | Public Forums: Dwell- ‘Design for Informality’ Workshop 2015; Lecture Series

VARIGATED: 13 | Illustrations, Sketches, Travel and Photography


01

CATCH RAIN WHERE IT FALLS Exploring the Ancient Water Wisdom of Jaipur, Rajasthan

Exhibition: Circular Water Stories (12-22 March 2019)

Location: TU Delft, Netherlands Tutor: Inge Bobbink The work is done within the LAB Circular Water Stories, one of the LABs within the graduate studio Flowscapes in the master track Landscape Architecture (2018/19) at the faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, TU Delft and will continue as part of the education and research (KIEM, research on Dutch projects) in the coming years.


Introduction: This exhibition along with a book was made by graduate students and researchers of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism, presenting traditional (indigenous) water systems. The idea to analyse traditional water systems is to generate knowledge and provide lessons for redesigning today’s technical driven water management systems into resilient, multifunctional public spaces.

Context The purpose of this research is to study the place of water from a historical perspective and analyse the potential in the water cycle for the sustainable future of urban water management for the city of Jaipur. Although there are several other traditional practices which exist in the region of Rajasthan, this study focuses on the ones which exist in the urban realm of Jaipur, The main principle behind these indigenous practices is ‘rainwater harvesting’ and is deeply rooted in the social fabric.

There were 4 typologies presented, ranging from forts, stepwells and public wells located within the region, each with detailed spatial analysis and the values they continue to offer in maintaining the landscape, traditions, culture and ecology of the city .These practices are ecofriendlier, inexpensive, contextual and base their logic on following natural processes, encourage community participation and allow for more equitable distribution of development benefits. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Jaigarh Fort Water System Nahargarh Fort Water System Stepwells of Amber Public Wells in the Walled City


Jaigarh Fort Built in the 10th century, it functioned as a defensive fort to the ruler back then, besides serving to all basic requirements of a hill fort. However, the most interesting feature of the fort lies in its water system which was built later in the 18th century. The network starts from the south of the hills, with water channels forming 3 loops before entering the fort walls. The loops have been designed according to the topography in such a manner that rainwater falling in these areas is collected through these channels and directed towards the fort.

Nahargarh Fort Apart from providing the basic facilities, the fort has a self sufficient elaborate water system with catchment areas that extend about 6kms of its surroundings.The main idea behind the networked system if to collect, control flow, purify and store maximum water.


Stepwells For centuries, stepwells and stepped ponds, also known as Bavdis, Bawadis, Baolis or Vavs, have not just played a significant role in functioning as traditional water systems, serving the community through generations but also as hotspots of social, cultural and touristic interactions. Typology 1

Typology 2

Typology 3

Typology 5

Typology 4

Public Wells in the Walled City To cater to the water needs of the people, there are approximately 820 wells located within neighbourhoods in the walled city. The oldest ones date back to the 18th century, however most were used from 1872 onwards once the city started growing.

Commercial Street

Residentail Street

Walled City Wells


02

RE-IMAGINING THE INDIAN HISTORIC CITY UNDER METROPOLITAN PROCESSES

Honours Program Masters Architecture and Built Environment (Jan 2018- Ongoing)

Location: Jaipur Tutor: Prof. Diego Carmona Sepulveda This work presented is an individual proposal as part of the Honours Program Masters in the Built Environment at TU Delft. The research involves presentations and an academic paper. The work was also presented at the International Conference on Urban Conservation held at Kolkata, India in November.


Context

India

Rajasthan

-Location: Rajasthan India [10th largest city in India; State Capital] -Climate: Semi Arid conditions

Delhi Agra

-Planned in 1727 By Raja Sawai Jai Singh II -Population: Tier 1 City (10th most populous in India)

Jaipur

Rajasthan

-First planned city of India; notable example of medieval Indian Town Planning and Architecture -Major center for tourism, administration, commerce, educational, healthcare and politics -Area: 484 sq mt -Part of the 'Golden Tourism Triangle' of India (Delhi-Agra-Jaipur)

Jaipur Region

Jaipur City

Walled City

Missing link in the Urban Planning Paradigm While the modern city continues to grow, there is a social, physical and cultural disconnect between the heritage city and the new development due to rapid urbanization, transit oriented development and lack of efficient infrastructure and services has lead to the loss of identity and value of the historic center in the metropolitan area of Jaipur.

Unorganized Hybrid Traffic System

Inefficient Infrastructure and Services

Urban Identity of the 'Pink City' In the early 18th century, the city was called the House of the 36 Industries (Chattis Karkhanas) for being an historical trade centre largely supported by crafts and folk art, including painting, wood carving, pottery, sculptures, textiles, gemstones, handicrafts, leather bags and jewellery, employs about 175,000 people working in around 53,500 workshops in the historic core. In 2015, it has been given the title of 'World Creative City of Culture and Folk Arts' by UNESCO World Heritage Center.

Lack of Public Goods & Public Space

Congested Streets


Towards an Urban Regeneration Strategy A ' Holistic Sustainable Urban Regeneration Model' is required for restructuring of the region which integrates long term and strategic actions with a multi-scalar and multi-user setting, addresses all issues taking into consideration the environmental, economic, socio-cultural and physical aspects and provides a set of generic principles that guide the processes to bring about a lasting improvement in the historic center of Jaipur.

The Urban Regeneration plan should compliment the plans for the economic, social, cultural and environmental growth of the city

Exclusive organization of a more market oriented and problem solving administration for the Historic City Center.

Preserving the valuable and unique built fabric of the walled city and slow the deterioration of its residential zones

Include people from all walks of life: politicians, lawyers, engineers, conservationists, artists, developers and locals

Redesigning Streets and Public Spaces

Support local participation

democracy

and

encourage

1

Reclaiming Public Space

3

Encouraging Neighborhood Culture

Re-organization of water and sewerage lines and repaving of streets in traditional materials.

public

4

Enhancement of physical conditions, social welfare and adaptive reuse of already built up space

Creating Healthy Environments

Reviving Urban Identity through Traditional Neighborhoods

2

Activating Streetscapes

5

Promoting Local Crafts & Traditions

Promote Local Crafts and Community Identity, creating both formal and informal employment

Strong need to re-organize the land use pattern, restructuring of infrastructural services and design of public goods

Restructuring Land Use and Mobility Reduce transit traffic, encourage use of cycles and public transport and specific time for delivery vehicles

Identify businesses that should be relocated outside the walled city

Promote walk-ability by providing adequate quality and accessibility of streets

Provide cycling tracks to encourage healthy and sustainable living


Layers and Scales of Intervention

1

2 3 4 5


03

PROVOKING THE LEVIATHAN Triggering Regeneration in Porto Marghera, Venice

MSc Urbanism: Infrastructure and Environment Design (May- June 2018)

Client: Authority of Porto Marghera Location: Venice Tutor: Taneha Bacchin, Hamed Khosravi Site Area: 95 Hectares Team: Anubhuti Chandna, Catalina Rey, Jingxuan Xie, Osman Ural This work presented is an individual proposal as part of a complete redevelopment of Porto Marghera which aims to improve the transit network between the port and the city of venice and generate new economic functions in order to revive the port.


Once a highly ranked, vibrant and most important industrial center, the Port of Marghera, has now been under the process of degradation due to several regional processes. Due to the oil crisis, the flood of 1966 and unable to compete with the mechanical industries of the region, the port soon lost its power and identity.

Along with the proposed station and cruise terminal, the port invites new buisnesses and cultural industries which will cater to not just tourism, but also the the city of Venice and mainland, by creating better job opportunities, efficient and sustainable use of infrastructure and abundance of public spaces.

Therefore, it now calls for a new urban tissue that can generate new processes according to the current needs and changing future. The objective is to create an integrated transport network by extending the already existing tram into the port area. This will overlap with the location of the proposed station and cruise terminal, making travel easier for all commuters.

The design strategies presented combines various modes of transportation, this creating a renewed relationship of infrastructre, landscape and people. The results achieved is an amalgamation of a diverse land use and systemic transport network which generates future processes in activating the entire port and establish a new alliance with Venice and mainland.


Restructuring Post Industrial Landscape: To create a harmony between the landscape and existing features by uncovering old identities and combining them with new features and functions. This fact added to the necessity of reusing abandoned sites in the area and give an identity to the space.

Spatial Design: The aim of this project is to provide potential solutions for the ‘Port Regeneration of Marghera’. The idea is to trigger the process of revival of the entire port by bringing in new non polluting industries and creating a better network for the people of Marghera and Venice.

Blue Green Adaptation Measures to enhance Urban Resilience Since the site and its surrounding areas are contaminated due to the oil refineries, certain strategies have been used for soil and water remidiation processes. The strategies form a network of water channels which captures the surface runoff, transfers it to the bioswales for filteration before it gets discharged into the main stream.


Restructing of Site and Adaptive Reuse of Buildings:

Hierarchy of Corridors:

To create a site for human scale, three canals which divide the site into four different areas have been created. The buildings of the Ex Agrimont have been kept of adaptive reuse due to their unique infrastructure.

The main artery accomodates a tram line which forms a loops and extends to the city of Marghera. With transit stops located at every 500 meters, it not only forms an overlapping connection with the ferry stops but also makes the functions easily accessable for its users.

Cultural Function

Transit Access Nodes Main Corridor Recreational Function

Secondary Corridor

Tertiary Corridor Greenway Connector

The Green Blue Corridor:

Amalgamation of Land Use:

To dismiss the notion of an ‘industrial landscape’ dominated by large scale infrastructure and buildings, the design intervention proposes a system of green and blue, which together create a open environment maximizing public spaces and green areas.

Using the multi-functional approach, the new land use will work in synergy with the rest of the functions. To promote growth in economy, major part of the land has been reserved for offices, followed by the university and hispitality industry.

Incubators | Startups | Offices

Art District & Museum Cultural Center

Open Exhibition Commercial & Hospitality

Bike Parking Proposed Station

Commercial & Hospitality

University of Environmental Engineering Recreational Facility


Proposed Masterplan


Main Corridor

Activating the Waterfront

Activating the Art District


04

GENERATING THE GRADIENT Transitional Surfaces

MSc Urbanism:R & D StudioDesigning Urban Environments (Nov2017 - Jan 2018)

Client: Municipality of Delft Tutor: Marco Lub Location: Industrial Area, Delft South West Built Area: 99855 sq mt; FSI: 1.52; GSI: 0.24 Site Area: 65,480 sq mt This work presented is an individual proposal as part of a group project for development of the Delft South West area by creating better networks through the city and generating economic opportunities for some areas.


The project discription proposes to build 7500 housing units for the growing population of the city, especially catering to the students of TU Delft. The site is located along the river Schie on one side and

Typical Natural Landscape

the railway line on the other, both acting as barriers, but control the movement of goods and services across the city.

The Dutch Landscape

How to bring back the landscape?

Shaping Topography

The aim of the urban strategy addresses the aspects of collectiveness (open, public and green space), the grid (new phenomena of tridimensional grid) and the relationship between both. In particular,

Defining Landscape Vistas

the intention of the proposal is to understand the context through architecture, planning and landscape design with the goal of establish a combination of mixed use program and diversity between inside and outside spaces, by challenging the traditional notion of ground level.

Allocating Space

Connections

Existing Situation

Forming connections | Defining the axis

Forming a series of public spaces along the axis

Proposed Network

Program

Performance Area

Start Up Offices

Housing for students and young employees

Outdoor Meeting Areas

Flea Market

Cafes- Food Trucks

Co- Working Spaces

Green Areas

Flexible Multifunctional Spaces

Typologies of Public Space


Keeping into consideration, the proposed 7500 housing units across the city of Delft, majorly for students and young graduates of TU Delft, the program consists of housing units or the same with three different typologies of housing. To compliment the housing, a mixed use development has been proposed which adds retail, office spaces and co working areas for students post university hours as well.

The office spaces will be bought on a lease system. With the flux in

Informal environment for collective activities, activating the riverfront

The ramp also acts as a transition on the ground level

Public Space in Residential Areas

View from the ramp top

market in future, demands will changeand so will the office typologies. Nevertheless, these spaces are flexible and could accommodate other student activities The retail areas will be permanently bought and are not flexible in nature since the increase in housing would require these spaces.


05

ZWOLLE A City Atlas

R & D Studio: Analysis & Design of Urban Form (Sept - Nov 2017)

Tutor: Luisa Maria Calabrese Location: Zwolle, Netherlands This atlas is an attempt to capture the essence of Zwolle, The Netherlands through simple maps, sketches and city portraits. To understand the city, the analysis is done on various layers and scales which can be used to characterize the city, individually and as a system. The approach is to see, observe and analyze the city through different perspectives and present the same, leading to a conclusion in each case. Through the study of different urban theories and understanding the past and present scenarios, this atlas attempts to illustrate of how Zwolle could be developed in the forthcoming years


SCARCITY

“Public spaces and civic life”

MULTIPLICITY

DISPLACEMENT

“When scale matters”

“From monocentric to polycentric”

To understand the morphology of Zwolle, various layers

To apply the concept of open city in Zwolle, it is essential

Zwolle as a city has a lot of greenery, ranging from parks,

have been taken into consideration. The historic center of

to understand the notion of openness which can be quite

sport fields and recreational green areas. However, these

Zwolle sets an excellent example for promoting favourable

varied on different spatial scales, raging from the physical

areas are diconnected with each other. The growth in the city

conditions for social interaction and adapbility. But as one

expansion, location and accessibility of public spaces

has pushed major landscape out. The only way to access

moves towards the neighbourhoods, this spatial quality has

and adapbility of existing streets and structures.

these is by a car

decreased, making them more inclusive in character. On the city scale, it represents growth which spills over and has a free order to follow or build on. The idea revolves around borders and boundries of the city.

The design of public spaces have been reduced to

On a neighbourhood scale, the idea talks about accessibility,

neighbourhood commercial centers. The spatial quality

not just in terms of physical access but also categorizing

of these open spaces have been largely monopolized

them in terms of public-semi public and private areas.

by parking, hence making them unfavourable for public interaction. Agriculture Land Existing Green Areas

The Church Square

Het Streekien

On the street scale, it discusses about the quality and

With the growth and the garden city movement, private

adaptibility of streets and their usage.

gardens

have

dominated

while

public

parks

have

diminished. The existing parks are small and not spread through all neighbourhoods. The Station Square

Gasthuisplein

Niewe Market | Bethlehemkerkplein | Goudsteek

Thomas à Kempisstraat

GENERICITY “Complexity as the anti-perfection”


potentials

“Looking at the big picture�

Pub

lic

S pa

ces

Proposed Public Spaces

The idea is to integrate a network of open spaces that spread throughout the city instead of an individual city center which acts as the main public space in the city.

The functionality of these spaces could be defined by the social and cultural context of the neighbourhoods they belong to, making them much more diverse in character.

gre

en a

rea

Proposed Green Areas

s

Preserved Green Areas Agriculture Land Existing Green Areas

The railway and road network have played a key role in shaping not just the form of the city but also its landscape. Therefore

to

address

the

problem

of

disconnected

landscape, the area around the infrastructure belt offers the opportunity to form a well connected green corridor which spreads throughout

the city. This further lets landscape

define the boundries of the areas and not infrastructure.

phy

sica

To further establish the identity of the river, public spaces

l ex

pa n

have been propsed along the water. This not only creates

Potential Areas of Expansion River Course Light Sand

sion

Light Clay Peat Soil Heavy Clay Sand

various visual points of the city, but also promotes community culture and interaction for the people of Zwolle.

exis Due to varied soil conditons and limited sand, the potential growth areas are limited. However, this is an opportinity for the city to densify and become more compact in character. This may also lead to the center of the city shifting towrds the south.

ting

gro

Built Structures

und

Water

pla

n

Railway Line A28 Highway


06

A CHILD FRIENDLY ANGANWADI IN GOA

Charles Correa Foundation (August- Dec 2015)

Supported by: JSW Foundation Client: Women and Child Development, Goa Location: Bambolim, Goa Built Area: 97 sq mt Site Area: 410 sq mt Project Year: 2015 Principal Architect: Ar. Sachin Agshikar The work involved preparation of execution drawings, site supervision & documentation.


07

DESIGN GUIDELINES FOR CHILD FRIENDLY ANGANWADIS

Charles Correa Foundation (March - April 2016) Research & Content: Nitesh Kumar, Anubhuti Chandna Layout & Graphics: Anubhuti Chandna, Krithika Samavedula, Sabika Zaidi This document was designed as an user-friendly guide in the process of designing Anganwadis in Goa. It was been prepared after construction of the prototype. Hence on-site inputs (from engineers, contractors, etc) have also been taken into consideration.

Anganwadis in Goa An Anganwadi is a government sponsored child and mother-care center in India. The word ’Anganwadi’ means ‘courtyard shelter’ in Hindi (Angan - courtyard and wadi - shelter). Besides being a center for early-childhood development, an Anganwadi is also a State asset that helps consolidate many Child and Women development programs like Vaccination, Adolescent Health and Maternity. In Goa, there are approximately 1262 Anganwadi centers operating through 12 Child Development Project Office (CDPOs), 1 Director, 1 Assistant Director, 2 program officers, 60 supervisors, 1262 Anganwadi workers and 1262 Anganwadi helpers.

An Anganwadi caters to:

Toilet Activity Area Store Play Area Kitchen

Spaces in an Anganwadi:

Informal Education

Child Development

Supplementary Nutrition

Distribution of Supplementary Goods

Immunization and Health Checkups

Creche

Women’s Development

Activity Area

Store

Crèche

Toilets

Kitchen

Examination/ Room

Counseling


Prototype Options:


08

BUILDING AS IDEAS The Un-Built Work of Charles Correa

Charles Correa Foundation (Jan - April 2016)

Gallery MMB, Goethe Institut, Mumbai 15th March- 14th May, 2016 Curator: Nondita Correa Mehrotra Book Design: Ruturaj Parikh, Anubhuti Chandna The intent of this exhibition is to present the body of Charles Correa’s un-built projects in a way that illuminates important continuities in his thought, bringing into focus key lineages, while keeping his prolific career in the background of the narrative. The exhibition along with Celebrating Charles Correa, a series of Screenings, Lectures and Discussions] was part of “The State of Architecture” exhibition and events [6th Jan- 20th March, 2016].

Book of the Exhibition


09

BUILDING CRAFTS OF GOA Research on Kaavi: Goa’s Sacred Art

Charles Correa Foundation (May- June 2015)

Project Guide: Ms Heta Pandit Research & Content: Anubhuti Chandna Layout & Graphics: Anubhuti Chandna, Krithika The work involved preparation of a research proposal for the Ministry of Art and Culture, Government of Goa as an attempt to raise the issue of dying of a local art form. There was a presentation and press meeting also held to raise awareness amongst the people.


A research was initiated on mapping and documenting known and existing traditional building crafts that prevalent in Goa’s architectural heritage. Some art forms unique to Goa include not only commonly known ones such as Azulejos tiles, shell windows and Sgraffito but also rarer forms such as Kaavi and Frescoes.

Known Locations of Kaavi in Goa

Maharashtra

Temples Houses

Pernem

It commences with the documentation of Kaavi - a sacred art form that is in urgent need of awareness and restoration. Ms. Heta Pandit, a wellknown historian, author and activist with a keen interest in preserving Goa’s heritage, guided and collaborated with me on this project. A detailed documentation of 23 Temples and 4 Houses was done in 2 weeks.

Bicholim

Bardez

Satari

Tiswadi Ponda

Kaavi is an architectural art form found in both temples and private homes across Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra. It was used to define and demarcate sacred spaces and can often be seen rendered on walls, columns and ceilings. There has been some documentation of the art by researchers and historians but there have been marginal efforts at restoring these works of art.

Mormugao

Sanguem

Salcete

Arabian sea

Quepem

Cancona

Karnataka

Technique 1.

2.

Current Situation The art is present in small pockets in both, North and South districts in Goa. There has been some documentation of the art by researchers and restorers. However, there have only been marginal efforts at restoring these works of art. They can be dated back to late 15th century, in areas of later Portuguese conquests, which is why the temples have survived for all these years, without being demolished.

Issues 1. Lack of funds - Most temples that have the renderings are small and family owned. Therefore, they are not economically able to maintain the structures on which the art is rendered. 2. Lack of knowledge and sensitivity of the stakeholders - Deliberate vandalism has also resulted in the art being highly endangered. 3. Lack of awareness - Most of the Kaavi in these temples have been plastered over, leaving the engraved motif behind. 4. Absence of traditional artisans - Our initial studies have also shown that there are no living artists or artisans practicing this architectural art.

3.

4.


10

PUBLIC FORUMS Organizing Lectures | Workshops | Informal Events

Charles Correa Foundation (August 2015- June 2016)

Dwell 2015- ‘Design for Informality’

Lecture Series & Travel Without Moving

Collaterals & Coordination of the event

Organizing and coordinating event, graphics, media updates


11

STREETS AS CULTURAL SPACES Dissertation

Aayojan School of Archiecture, Jaipur (July- Dec 2013)

IX Semester: Dissertation Research Guide: Prof. Archana S. Rathore Individual Research


Streets, as Jane Jacobs reminds us, have always held a particular fascination for those interested in the city. They are the terrain of social encounters and political protest, sites of domination and resistance, places of pleasure and anxiety. This dissertation explores how streets as specific local landscapes, manifest broader social and cultural processes, establishing the strategic importance of the street to wider theoretical questions about the interplay between society and space. The study shows how streets can be viewed as both ‘representations of space’, the expansively constructed spaces of planners and architects, and ‘spaces of representation’, the spaces of everyday life of ‘inhabitants’ and ‘users’. Whether leisure practices happen alongside the street, on it, behind it or just off its main frontage, the street is a significant part of what is happening; the street informs, and its image is formed by, these practices. “Accessible to all, these spaces constitute public space in its purest form” If we can develop and design streets, so that they are wonderful, fulfilling places to be, community building places, attractive public places for all the people of cities and neighborhoods, then we have successfully designed 1/3rd of the city directly and will have an immense impact on the rest.

“Streets in India are not merely for commuting, but have many spatial roles to play”

Various Street Activities A Movement Corridor

An Amphitheater

A Communication Artifact

A Space for Recreation

A Place for Education

A Place for Political Agenda

An Institution

A Stage

For Street Dentistry

For Promoting Local Crafts

A Space for Informal Activities

For Festive Celebrations

For Non Festive Celebrations

A Reflection of History

For Religious Ceremonies


Building & Streets Elements Plinth and Steps The plinth is raised by 1.5 m by giving steps which act as a place for social interaction.

Urban Landscape

Extended Plinths

Trees are necessary in a variety of ways to enhance the quality of livability. Also sitting spaces provided below trees, acts at a gathering place.

Plinths outside public and religious buildings are generally extended, as they serve mass crowd. These plinths act as built in furniture.

Plinths and Pavements With an extended plinth on one side and a paved on the other side of the carriageway, gives way to social and informal activities.

Street Corridors An extended plinth after the shops, forming a corridor, also functions as a place for recreation and playing cards. Balcaos

Windows Windows opening directly on the street, help in keeping visibility and well as interaction.

Extended Plinths

This is the most important feature of the Goan house and resembles a porch and function as an outdoor living space with stone benches to sit down and catch the breeze while watching the world to go by. It suited the social pattern where persons of lower caste were entertained outside the house and placed on a seat or step as per their social standing. Jharokhas

Jharokha projecting on to the street, acts as a bay window and modifies the building envelope and helps in interaction.

Gokhas A projection at the entrance, typically known as a gokha, is both used for social interaction and visual connectivity.

Bird Feeders

Three- way windows

Public Squares

Bird Feeders or typically known as a ‘Chabutaro�, is a stone or a wooden tower with artistic canopy over it, constructed to feed birds- is a salient feature of the abmience of any pol in the old city of Ahmadabad, also acting as a gathering space for the people.

A three way window functions in three ways, the opening at the bottom for cool air to enter, the middle one for visual contact and the opening above for hot air to escape.

Spaces around a common well or a tulsi plant, act as gathering spaces

Riverfront Streets

Verandahs & Balconies

An extended platform outside a house or at the entrance gate of a pol/ khadki, acts both as an interactive space as well as used for small scale commerce.

Enhancing the sidewalks along the riverfront which also supports informal activities.

Community Boards located at the junctions or nodes of local streets, acts as a gathering space and also helps in case of community public announcements.

Providing an open verandah space with railing or grill, opening into the street, maintains both safety and visual contact.

Benches Benches on local streets and sidewalks, provides the users of the street a place to sit down n interact, especially for the older people.


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REDEVELOPMENT OF BHADRA PRECINCT, AHMEDABAD

Internship: Vastu Shilpa Consultantas, Ahmedabad (Jan- June 2013) Supported by: CEPT University Client: Amdavad Municipal Corporation Location: Ahmedabad, India Project Year: 2013 Principal Architect and Urban Designer: Prof. Balkrishna V. Doshi Project Head: Mariana Felix Paisana, Rocio Conesa

The project started in 2011 and completed November 2014 in collaboration with different public, private and independent organizations. Funded by the JNNURM (Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission), the project became the first of its kind as a redevelopment and pedestrianization of a public space in an Indian old city. The work involved on site surveys, measured drawings & preparation of execution drawings. It also involved documentation of the informal sector that existed in the precinct.


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VARIGATED Illustrations | Sketches | Photography

Sometimes you can’t believe what you see, you have to believe what you feel Mitch Albom


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