ANDY MINCHEV PORTFOLIO
Telephone: (+45) 20 59 34 31 E-Mail: email@example.com Address: Brønshøjvej 78 st. tv. 2700 Brønshøj
CURRICULUM VITAE ..... 4
3RD YEAR: URBAN PLANNING
PAPER ISLAND UTOPIA ..... 6 HYLLIE MASTERPLAN .....10 ATLAS OF THE COPENHAGEN(S) .....1 4
2ND YEAR: BUILDING DESIGN
HARESKOVBY FAMILY HOUSING .....18 LONGHOUSE PAVILION .....22 EXTRA: DESKTOP ORGANIZER .....26
1ST YEAR: SPATIAL STUDIES
LIGHT EXPERIENCE CENTER .....28 FOREST SAUNA .....30
ANDY MINCHEV Stud. Aarch. MAA
Date of Birth: 30th March 1990
Telephone: (+45) 20 59 34 31
Residence: Copenhagen, Denmark
Address: Brønshøjvej 78 st. tv. 2700 Brønshøj
The Royal Danish Academy of the Fine Arts’ School of Architecture (KADK) Department 10 Level: Bachelor / Undergraduate
Design Courses - Architecture Beboerhuset, Copenhagen V
Nørre Gymnasium STX (Highschool)
Model Workshop Supervisor KADK + CPH Municipality (Kulturnat)
Introduction Term Tutor KADK
2010 - 2011
Field Interviewer Copenhagen Airport, CPH
Gallery Yard Installation
Design Your City: “Urban Farming 2.0” Result: 2nd Place Type: Open Idea Competition Host: Copenhagen University LIFE
Result: Honorable Mention Type: Invited Competition Host: Gallery Yard + KADK
Summary: I participated with a vision for the homeless in Copenhagen. I suggested an economical model in which the homeless would be given a dwelling in the form of a transformed container in exchange for work at urban farms and greenhouses. The income from the local produce, would be shared among the homeless workers.
Summary: Our class was invited to suggest a new installation for the Gallery Yard in Refshaleøen through the use of old railway sleepers. To me the sleepers themselves showed great beauty, and I decided to preserve their raw aesthetic by making an entrance for the gallery where they were used as outdoor flooring.
V-Ray (SketchUp) Google Docs
Kerkythea Renderer AutoDesk 3D Studio Max
Theme: Urban Farming
Theme: Designing with Nature
Theme: In Dialogue with the World
Workshop supervisor(s): Cord Siegel, Hauschild + Siegel Architects (Sweden/Germany)
Workshop supervisor(s): Hiroshi Sambuichi and Alex Lee, Sambuichi Architects (Japan)
Workshop supervisor(s): Various, Henning Larsen Architects & DAC (Denmark)
Type: Educational, KADK
Type: Educational, KADK
Type: Interdisciplinary Collaboration, DAC
Chronology: Fall 2010
Chronology: Fall 2011
Chronology: Spring 2013
PAPER ISLAND UTOPIA Location: Christiansholm, Copenhagen City Scale: L Chronology: 6th Semester
This model assignment focused on creating a 1:200 model for a utopian vision for Copenhagen’s Paper Island - an island formerly used as a warehouse for newspapers and magazines. My project focuses on how to create low-priced dwellings for common Copenhageners so that they can move closer to the harbour while also accepting the existance of high-income housing. In my vision, this is achieved by planning low-rent houseboats that can occupy the canals of highincome residential development areas. This will create an informal pirate city in the canals and thereby create a new dynamic and diverse type of cityplan for Copenhagen’s harbour. Mentor(s) Anders Lonka, ADEPT Architects
Chosen among selected projects for showcase in occasion of a visit from HRH Princess Mary and Finland’s First Lady, Jenni Elina Haukio at KADK.
Dynamic Canal City Due to the low-rent houseboat solution, it is expected that the local population will change often, always generating new communities in different zones within the canals of the project site. The houseboats can also function as commercial hubs such as cafĂŠs, galleries and shops, further creating ever-changing experiences in the canals.
Photo of the entire 1:200 model, seen from south east.
Above: A birdâ€™s eye model view of the project site in its entirety, seen from north west. Below: A section of the project site. This illustrates the different activities, functions and spaces that are envisioned as a result of the project plan.
Above (from left to right): A zoom in on the harbour bath and harbour front area seen from south east. An eastern view of the entrance area as well as different houseboat infrastructure types.
HYLLIE MASTERPLAN Location: Hyllie, Malmö Scale: XL Chronology: 5th Semester
Mentor(s) Anders Lonka, ADEPT Architects
The development of Hyllie is a large scale city-plan assignment, which allows us to critically rethink the current masterplan, which seams to repeat the mistakes of Copenhagen’s Ørestad plan. With a new regional station, the new Hyllie masterpan is to be a vital transportation hub for the Southern Malmö area. I chose to emphasis on the mobility qualities of this, and use the oppurtunity to create a green highway connection that connects the station and the new area to the existing Malmö allowing a car-free bike route to the center of Malmö in under 15 minutes. As for the cityplan itself, my focus has been to plan different mini-societies within the large masterplan, in order to attract a new diverse population, while also integrating the troubled neighbourhoods around the site.
To the right: An illustration of the siteâ€™s location in MalmĂś as well as the existing and newly created connections. A great emphasis on the project was to connect the new Hyllie with the existing surroundings and thereby create an integration through the connection. Site Green Connection Regional Railway
Above: Plan of the project site. 12 HYLLIE MASTERPLAN 1:2000 Andy Minchev 4685
Recreational City The recreational city is directly or indirectly connected to the green highway and emphasizes on a recreational infrastrucure with various sports and activity areas located in green environments. This typology is well suited for integration with the existing troubled areas, due to its great diversity in activites for the local youths.
Commercial City The commercial city is a dense typology that simulates urban life. This typology features most commercial venues, as well as hotels, offices, etc. It is commonly located by well connected areas of the site, such as the station area and the highway border area. The station area features a pedestrian shopping street as a local economical driver.
Local-Society City The most common typology. This typology is created inspired by Tokyo urbanplanning, where a typology block is enclosed by larger structures, thus creating a mini society within its borders. The small societies created within the built borders will feature slow and diverted traffic, allowing for a street life similiar to Copenhagenâ€™s KartoffelrĂŚkkerne.
ATLAS OF THE COPENHAGEN(S) Location: Øresund Region Scale: XS - XL Chronology: 5th Semester
Mentor(s) Deane Simpson, Supervisor 3rd Year Anders Lonka, ADEPT Architects Joost Grootens, Joost Grootens Architects Kathrin Susanna Gimmel, JAJA Architects
The Atlas of the Copenhagen(s) project is the result of a long term academical research assignment. The project was created in collaboration with the department, resulting in a print-ready atlas. The focus is on researching different aspects of Copenhagen and the Øresund Region, while critically analyzing the regional politics, economy, sustainability and other subjects on the region. The themes are explored through graphical casestudies, infographical diagrams, as well as studies of specific areas and typologies and their impact on Copenhagen and Øresund. Page 16 and 17 each display two pages from four of the eight chapters in the atlas. The Atlas of the Copenhagen(s) has been approved for publishing and is in the process of editing. The final edition is funded by Dreyers Fonden.
Above: Part of the Urbanisms chapter: Isometric models that illustrate different typologies within the Ă˜resund region.
POLITICAL ECONOMIES POLITISK ØKONOMI
© Bing Maps p 197
© Bing Maps p 197
© ADEF p 197
© Linda Cordius p 197
© Nordregio p 197
© Danmarks Alemene Boliger (BL) p 197
© Vilhelm Lauritzen Arkitekter & COBE Arkitekter p 197
© Wikimedia p 197
Timeline sources: - http://www.statbank.dk - http://www.dst.dk - www.dst.dk/aarbogsarkiv - http://subsite.kk.dk - http://boligforskning.dk - http://www.realkreditraadet.dk - http://danmarkshistorien.dk Case study sources are to be found next to the introduction texts for the respective case studies.
Copenhagen City Province Privately financed
ESTABLISHMENT ESTABLISHMENT OF UNIONS ESTABLISHMENT OF UNIONS OF UNIONS
SECOND SCHLESWIG WAR SECOND SCHLESWIG WAR SECOND SCHLESWIG WAR
HOUSING HOUSING CRISIS HOUSING CRISIS CRISIS
FROM MILITARY FROM MILITARY TO CIVIL SOCIETY FROM MILITARY TO CIVIL SOCIETY TO CIVIL SOCIETY
THE SOCIAL THE SOCIAL REFORM THE SOCIAL REFORM THE STOCK REFORM THE STOCK MARKET CRASH THE STOCK MARKET CRASH MARKET CRASH
THE SHIFT OF THE SHIFT OF GOVERNMENT THE SHIFT OF GOVERNMENT GOVERNMENT SOCIAL SOCIAL DEMOCRACY SOCIAL DEMOCRACY DEMOCRACY
MEMBER OF UNO MEMBER MEMBER OF UNO MEMBER OF UNO OF NATO MEMBER MEMBER OF NATO OF NATO
EFTA EFTA EFTA URBAN
RESISTANCE URBAN URBAN RESISTANCE RESISTANCE
Privatized public housing
1990 1990 1990
MEMBER OF EU MEMBER MEMBER EUTHE LAW OF YOUTHOF SOCIAL RIOTS OF EUTHE LAWSERVICE OF YOUTH THE LAW OF YOUTH SOCIAL SERVICE RIOTS OILSOCIAL CRISIS SERVICE RIOTS OIL CRISIS OIL CRISIS
2000 2000 2000
1980 1980 1980
1970 1970 1970
Liberalisation of the housing market
1960 1960 1960
1940 1940 1940
1920 1920 1920
1910 1910 1910
1900 1900 1900
1890 1890 1890
1870 1870 1870
1880 1880 1880
1860 1860 1860
1850 1850 1850
DANISH DANISH CONSTITUTION DANISH CONSTITUTION CONSTITUTION
1950 1950 1950
Social housing, parks and sporting amenities were built.
City extension to the north. In addition, institutions and schools were built.
1930 1930 1930
Suburbs arose thru new single-family homes and social housing. Schools, sporting facilties and hospitals were built.
NOT A MEMBER REDUCTION OF OF EURO MUNICIPALITIES NOTTHE A MEMBER REDUCTION OF NOTTHE A MEMBER REDUCTION OF OF EUROOF RETIRENMENT MUNICIPALITIES AGE OF THE EURO MUNICIPALITIES TO 67 INCREASED AGE OF RETIRENMENT TO 67 AGE OF RETIRENMENT INCREASED DANISH ECONOMY TO 67 INCREASED MOST DYNAMIC IN THE EU DANISH ECONOMY DANISH ECONOMY MOST DYNAMIC IN THE EU FINANCIAL CRISIS MOST DYNAMIC IN THE EU FINANCIAL CRISIS FINANCIAL CRISIS
Social democrat government Liberal government Coalition government
50 % Income and wealth tax
in numbers of million
AGE http://www.noegletal.dk (alder)
ETHNICITY Number of persons with foreign or Swedish background (rough division) by region, age in ten year groups and sex. Year 2002-2011 http://www.scb.se/Pages/SSD/SSD_SelectVariables.aspx?id=340507&rxid=73c3d8f1-f5054407-9497-362520161f6c&px_tableid=ssd_ extern%3aUtlSvBakgTotNK
ETHNICITY FOLK 1 http://www.statbank.dk/statbank5a/default. asp?w=1280
10. VOTING DISTRIBUTION http://www.scb.se/Pages/SSD/SSD_TablePresentation.aspx?id=340508&rxid=c6fb7709-6e5b4486-ab6d-8649d74e7ea2OR http://www.scb.se/Pages/ProductTables____12275.aspx http://www.val.se/val/val2010/statistik/index. html#slutligt http://www.val.se/val/val2010/slutresultat/K/rike/ index.html
VOTING DISTRIBUTION http://www.dst.dk/valg/SE_FV2011.pdf
HIGHER EDUCATION Befolkning 16-74 år efter region, utbildningsnivå, ålder och kön. År 1985 - 2011 http://www.scb.se/Pages/SSD/SSD_SelectVariables____340487.aspx?rxid=e7cf2888-1b1f4694-90ad-19cc8ac9775a&px_tableid=ssd_ extern%3aUtbBefRegion
HIGHER EDUCATION http://www.noegletal.dk (Andel 25-64-årige med videregående uddannelse)
WITHOUT FORMAL EDUCATION Befolkning 16-95+ år efter region, utbildningsnivå, ålder och kön. År 2008-2011 http://www.scb.se/Pages/SSD/SSD_SelectVariables.aspx?id=340487&rxid=9de2058e-c47b4780-b3b0-61e6d6ed912b&px_tableid=ssd_exte rn%3aUtbBefRegion&productcode=&menu=1
WITHOUT FORMAL EDUCATION KRHFU1: Befolkningens højeste fuldførte http://www.statistikbanken.dk/statbank5a/default. asp?w=1366
ANNUAL INCOME + GENDER DIFFERENCES http://www.scb.se/Pages/SSD/SSD_SelectVariables____340507.aspx?rxid=f6fd9a0a-659a444b-bbea-4fcc0a70a324&px_tableid=ssd_ extern%3aKommun17g http://www.scb.se/Pages/TableAndChart____306600.aspx
ANNUAL INCOME + GENDER DIFFERENCES INDKP5 http://www.statbank.dk/statbank5a/default. asp?w=1280
UNEMPLOYMENT http://www.ssd.scb.se/databaser/makro/Visavar. asp?yp=tansss&xu=C9233001&huvudtabell=Int Gr1Kom&deltabell=K1&deltabellnamn=1%2E+St atistik+med+inriktning+mot+arbetsmarknaden% 2E+F%F6rdelning+efter+kommun+och+k%F6 n%2E+%C5r&omradekod=AA&omradetext=All m%E4n+statistik&preskat=O&innehall=Int1&star ttid=1997&stopptid=2011&Prodid=AA0003&from Sok=Sok&Fromwhere=S&lang=1&langdb=1
UNEMPLOYMENT http://kk.dk/profile=sociokort (Copenhagen municipality webpage)
“Distortion is fantastic. There is no distortion anywhere in the world it would have been stopped immediately. It is illegal, people smoke dope and all these things. We have this society where we include people who are a little bit weird, because we would like to be weird.”
“Distortion er fantastisk. Der er intet som Distortion andre steder i verden. Det var blevet stoppet med det samme. Det er ulovligt, folk ryger hash, og mange andre ting. Vi har det her samfund hvor vi inkluderer mennesker der er lidt anderledes, fordi vi gerne vil være lidt anderledes”
”Der er ikke en stor blanding af mennesker, men det er ikke Københavns skyld. Befolkningen du skal arbejde med, er den givende betingelse. Men den er ikke særlig mangfoldig. Du har en indvandrerbefolkningen blandt danskere, men der er ikke så mange og denne gruppe er fra meget specifikke steder på grund af historien. Tyrkiet, Pakistan, men den er ikke mangfoldig”
AGE http://www.ssd.scb.se/databaser/makro/VisavarAgg.asp?var=Alder&grupp(1)=%C5lder10%E5r &statusV(1)=1&nr=1&varpres=age&inl=&xu=C9 233001&yp=tansss&huvudtabell=BefolkprognRe v2012&deltabell=&deltabellnamn=Population+b y+age+and+sex%2E+Year+2012%2D2110&omr adekod=BE&omradetext=Population&preskat=O &prodid=BE0401&starttid=2012&stopptid=2110& antvar=2&vardemangd=%C5lder1%E5rG&inneh all=Befolkprogn&databas=SDB_Befolkning1_ss &pr=T&Fromwhere=M&FromSel=G&lang=2&l angdb=2
2010 2010 2010
Housing Prices Copenhagen 235’000
”It has not got a mix of people, that is not Copenhagens fault. The population you have to work with, that is you given condition. But this is not particular diverse. You have an immigrant population among danes but thers is not so many and that group is from very specific places due to the history. Turkey, Pakistan but it is not super diverse.”
DENMARK POPULATION DENSITY http://www.noegletal.dk (Befolkningstæthed indb./km2)
ØRESUND CONNECTION ØRESUND CONNECTION ØRESTAD CONNECTION ØRESUND ØRESTAD WESTERN HARBOUR ØRESTAD WESTERN HARBOUR OPERA WESTERN HARBOUR OPERA OPERA KRØYERS PLADS KRØYERS PLADS KRØYERS PLADS
Housing Construction in numbers of thousand 70
SWEDEN POPULATION DENSITY http://www.ssd.scb.se/databaser/makro/Visavar. asp?yp=tansss&xu=C9233001&huvudtabell=Bef ArealTathetKon&deltabell=K1&deltabellnamn=Po pulation+density+per+sq%2E+km%2C+populati on+and+land+area+by+municipality+and+sex%2 E+Year&omradekod=BE&omradetext=Populatio n&preskat=O&innehall=Areal&starttid=1991&sto pptid=2011&Prodid=BE0101&fromSok=&Fromw here=S&lang=2&langdb=2
POPULATION GROWTH BEFOLKNINGSTILVæKST
CHRISTIANIA CHRISTIANIA CHRISTIANIA
FINGERPLAN FINGERPLAN FINGERPLAN TINGBJERG TINGBJERG TINGBJERG
SPATIAL DEMOGRAPHICS RUMLIG DEMOGRAFI
Population Population Countryside Population Cities
4 25 % Unemployment Unemployment Unemployment
1 2,5 %
THE YOUNG DEMOCRACY
THE SOCIAL REFORM
Throughout the Industrialisation, the Modernisation changed the live of the society. Development of infrastructure and railways took a significant part of these period
The introduction of a parliament and the Womans Rights movement were the main events. The Social Democrats arose rapidly. Despite wars and worldwide crisis, the period was marked by economical progress. The agriculture was still the main industry. Creation of unemployment insurance fonds.
The political agenda was about distribution of wealth in the society. State, municipalities and counties took an active roll in the building of the city. The government supportsed construction of housing. Construction of housing was mostly taking part in the outer city.
The transformation from an industrial society to a post industrial society had begun. The period was characterised by crisis. Unemployment and segregation grew. The danish welfare state housing policy was being questioned. There was a great drop in construction of houses in the outer city.
Copenhagen is competing with other cities in Europe. Private Actors are taking a bigger part in city planning. Public sector has taken an entrepreneurial form. The agenda is changed from distribution to economical growth. There is a increased focus of the inner city.
Nille Juul-Sørensen Architect. CEO Danish Design Center
2012. Dominic Balmforth Architect
BIRTH RATES VS. DEATH RATES FøDSELSRATER VS. DøDSRATER
BIRTH RATES VS. DEATH RATES FøDSELSRATER VS. DøDSRATER
The relation between birth and death rates in the municipalities of the Øresund region, 2011. I Øresunds regionen, 2011.
The Øresund Consortium. In charge of the project and owner of the connection. Took loans guaranteed by the governments to finance the connection. Income through user fees are used to pay the interest and begin paying back the loans.
Øresunds Konsortiet. Ansvarlig for projektet og ejeren af forbindelsen. Modtog lån som var finansieret af de to regeringer for at kunne finansiere forbindelsen. Indkomst tjenes gennem brugerbetaling, som bruges til at tilbagebetale de statssponsorerede lån.
A wide range of developers were involved in the process, building the tunnel, an artificial island, the bridge and land connections. Hired by the Øresund Consortium.
Flere entreprenører var involveret i procesen. Involveret i tunnelbyggeri, skabelsen af en kunstig ø, samt bro og land forbindelserne. Hyret af Øresunds Konsortiet.
Danish environmentalist groups, most strongly represented by the Danish Association for the Protection of Nature, that filed two complaints with the European Commission. Discouraged by the lack of action by the EU.
Danske miljø organisationer, stærkest præsenteret af den Danske Assocation for Naturens Beskyttelse, som lagde to klagesager mod projektet til EU. Organisationerne blev demotiveret pga. EUs manglende handling.
Swedish environmentalist groups. Amongst others was a powerful environmental agency in Sweden, the Water Court, that held up approval for the project until revised plans for the project could meet the specifications of the agency.
Svenske miljø organisationer. Blandt de svenske miljø organisationer, var der Vandsdomstolen, som forsinkede godkendelse af projektet indtil reviderede planer for projektet kunne leve op til agenturens egne krav.
Connectivity and profitability Forbindelse og rentabilitet
The two governments form the Øresund Consortium De to regeringer skaber Øresunds Konsortiet
1993 The Danish Gov. gives its final approval after the European Commission did not rule on allegations made by environmentalists Den danske regering giver dens sidste godkendelse efter EU ikke accepterede klager skabt af miljø organisationerne.
Jo højere procenterne er, jo flere folk dør end der fødes. På lang sigt vil procenter over 100 betyde at man må forvente en negativ befolkningstilvækst. Hvorfor står Sverige ikke over for samme udfordring?
100120- 6080100- 100120- 806050- 10080120 < 60140 80 >140 100 > 120 120 120140 100 >140 80 > 120 60 120< 50 100 Landscape
Low density housing
Lowdensity densityhousing housing Low
Low density housing
High density housing
Highdensity densityhousing housing High
High density housing
Especially in the areas around Inner Copenhagen, the notion of an “old population” is introduced. In the future, the people in the working age will have to provide for a larger number of people aged over 64.
Procenter over 100 betyder, at flere dør end der fødes og det betyder langsigtet at befolkningstallet falder. Såleses introduceres begrebet ”ældrebyrden”, dette betyder at den lille gruppe af skatteydere må sørge for den voksende gruppe af ældre.
1994 The Swedish Gov. approve of the construction as long as certain environmental requirements are met Den svenske regering godkender konstruktionen, så længe vise miljø standarder bliver overholdt
1995 Construction begins Konstruktion begynder
2000 Bridge opens for traffic, six months ahead of schedule Broen åbner for trafik, seks måneder tidligere
Political Economies (My Chapter)
This chapter focused on the political and economical issues and achievements that have resulted from different types of planning and building developments.
This chapter focused on Copenhagen and Øresund’s populations and their habits. Furthermore, research was done on impacts on the region as a result of these behaviours.
Inner Copenhagen: Inner Stockholm:
Construction begins on the danish land connection Arbejdet på de danske landanlæg begynder
Svensk regering. Højrefløjs koalition mellem 1991-1994. Grundlægger og ejer af den anden halv af Øresunds Konsortiet gennem Svedab. Finansierede lån for forbindelsen.
The higher the percentage, the more death in comparison to live births can be noticed. A percentage over 100% means more death than births, which leads to a decreasing population in the long term. Why doesn’t Sweden has the same challenge?
Number in %
Swedish Government. Right wing coalition between 1991-1994. Founder and owner of half of the Øresund Consortium through Svedab. Guaranteed loans to finance the connection.
Desicion and preparations
Environmentalist groups in both countries oppose the project strongly Miljø organisationer i begge lande skaber en stor modstand mod projektet 1992
The relation between birth and death rates in the municipalities of Greater Copenhagen, 2011. I Storkøbenhavns Kommuner, 2011. Number in %
Construction of Copenhagen Metro
Dansk regering. Højrefløjs koalition mellem 1991-1993, venstrefløjs koalition da den endelige godkendelse kom igennem. Grundlægger og ejer af det halve af Øresunds Konsortiet gennem Øresund A/S. Finansierede lån for forbindelsen.
Construction of Ørestad
Danish Government. Right wing coalition between 1991-1993, left wing coalition when the final approval came. Founder and owner of half of the Øresund Consortium through A/S Øresund. Guaranteed loans to finance the connection.
1991 The two governments agree on a fixed link between Malmö and Copenhagen De to regeringer bliver enig om en fast forbindelse mellem Malmö og København
Demographers fear that a declining population growth will undermine Denmark’s welfare system. Demografer frygter at den negative befolkningstilvækst vil underminere Danmarks velfærdsstat.
WATER WASTE ENERGY VAND AFFALD ENERGI
'LVWULEXWLRQRIKRXVLQJFRPPHUFLDORWKHU )RUGHOLQJDIEHERHOVHHUKYHUY DQGHW )ORRUDUHDUDWLR *XOYDUHDO
Beeline in km 31,5 km )XJOHĂ€XJWLNP
Distribution of housing / commercial / other/ Distribution of housing 31,5 km commercial / other/ Distribution of housing 31,5 km commercial other Floor area /ration 7 hours 3HGHVWULDQVLQKRXUVPLQ Distribution of housing / 31,5 km Floor area /ration 7 hours commercial other/ *nHQGHLWLPHUPLQ Distribution of housing 31,5 km Floor area /ration 7 hours commercial other Population density 1 hour 50 min. Floor areadensity ration 71hours Population hour 50 min. %LNLQJLQKRXUVPLQ Floor areadensity ration 71hours Population hour 50 min. Amount of green space &\NOHQGHLQWLPHUPLQ 46 min.
3RSXODWLRQGHQVLW\ %HIRONQLQJVWÂ WKHG
146hour min.50 min.
Population Amount of greendensity space Population Amount of greendensity space
32 min. min. 46
Amount of green space cars pedestrians / /bikes Surface distribution for / cars pedestrians / bikes Surface distribution for cars pedestrians / /bikes / cars
$PRXQWRIJUHHQVSDFH 0Â QJGHDGJUÂĄQQHRPUnGHU
146 hour Surface distribution for min. 32 min.50 min. 3XSOLFWUDQVSRUWLQKRXUVPLQ pedestrians / bikes Surface for 32 min. min. Amount ofdistribution green space 46 2IIHQWOLJWUDQVSRUW LWLPHUPLQ cars pedestrians / /bikes Surface distribution for
6XUIDFHGLVWULEXWRQIRUSHGHVWULDQV ELNHVFDUV *UXQGIRUGHOLQJDIJnHQGH F\NOHQGHELOLVWHU
32 min. &DULQKRXUVPLQ 32 min. %LOLWLPHUPLQ
Private photo p 32
www.copenhagen.dk p 20
98% / 2% / 0% 98% / 2% / 0% 98% / 2% / 0% 30% 98% / 2% / 0% 30% 98% / 2% / 0% 30% 120 000 inh/km2 30% 120 000 inh/km2 30% 120 000 inh/km2 65 % 120 65 %000 inh/km2 120 inh/km2 65 %000 100% / 0% / 0% 100% 65 % / 0% / 0% 100% 65 % / 0% / 0%
Power plant KraftvĂŚrk
Incineration plant ForbrĂŚndingsvĂŚrk
Heat/ energy power plant Varme/ energivĂŚrk Substation Transformerstation Windmill VindmĂ¸lle
100% / 0% / 0% 100% / 0% / 0%
www.dst.dk www.kk.dk www.waterfootprint.org www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov www.mim.dk a21.dk/ www.kk.dk www.luft.dmu.dk www.kk.dk www.mst.dk www.vestfor.dk/ www.bt.dk www.energinet.dk www.dst.dk www.statistikbanken.dk www.ke.dk
(NVSHUW%UXQR7XUQDL ZZZNNGN KWWSZZZULJVKRVSLWDOHWGNWRSPHQX2PKRVSLWDOHW9RUHVKLVWRULH
04 NOERREBRO NĂ˜RREBRO
Distribution of housing / commercial / other
NĂ¸rrebro district is situated northwest of the lakes in Copenhagen. With 74.129 inhabitants divided on 4,1 km2 (2011), the district has the highest population density in Copenhagen. NĂ¸rrebro is described as a cosmopolitan and multicultural district; Most of the inhabitants are young people, students, artists and people of other ethnicity than Danish. Over the last 10 years the cultural life has grown to include a large number of shops, cafĂŠs, and restaurants, side by side with shawarmahouses and halal butchers. In the Middle Age the village Serridslev was situated where Raadmansgade meets Tagensvej. The rest of NĂ¸rrebro was green area with domestic animals, and later became a popular place for weekend trips for the Copenhageners. In the 70th the old buildings at Inner Noerrebro were demolished to allow new prefabricated houses for housing associations. This changed the demography around Blaagaards Plads. Today itâ€™s mostly apartments for rental, and a lot of immigrants live here. In contrast, St Hans Torv and De Gamles By \RX ÂżQG PRVWO\ VHOI RZQHG DSDUWments and condominiums.
NĂ¸rrebro ligger nordvest for sĂ¸erne i KĂ¸benhavn. Med 74.129 indbyggere fordelt pĂĽ 4,1 km2 (2011), har bydelen den hĂ¸jeste befolkningstĂŚthed i KĂ¸benhavn. NĂ¸rrebro er beskrevet som en kosmopolitisk og PXOWLNXOWXUHO E\GHO RJ GH Ă€HVWH DI indbyggerne er unge mennesker, studerende, kunstnere eller folk af anden etnisk baggrund end dansk. I lĂ¸bet af de sidste 10 ĂĽr er det kulturelle liv vokset til at omfatte et stort antal butikker, cafĂŠer og restauranter side om side med shawarmabutikker og halalslagtere. I Middelalderen lĂĽ landsbyen Serridslev, hvor RĂĽdmansgade mĂ¸der Tagensvej. Resten af NĂ¸rrebro var grĂ¸nne marker med husdyr, og senere blev det et populĂŚrt sted for weekendture for kĂ¸benhavnerne. I 70â€™erne de blev gamle bygninger pĂĽ Indre NĂ¸rrebro revet ned for at tillade nye prĂŚfabrikerede huse til boligforeninger. Det ĂŚndrede dePRJUDÂżHQRPNULQJ%OnJnUGV3ODGV I dag er bestĂĽr omrĂĽdet primĂŚrt af lejelejligheder, og her bor en del indvandrere. I modsĂŚtning hertil ÂżQGHU PDQ 6NW +DQV 7RUY RJ 'H Gamles By, som primĂŚrt bestĂĽr af ejerlejligheder.
1,5 km 11 min. 34 20 min. min. min. 11 7min.
20 min. 7 min.
Floor area ration
VAND AFFALD ENERGI
WATER WASTE ENERGY
THE SYSTEM IN CPH SYSTEMET I KBH
80% / 15% / 5%
How is production, distribution and consumption connected in the system? Hvordan bliver produktion, distribution og forbrug forbundet i systemet?
Distribution of housing / 80% / 15% / 5% / 1,5 km Distribution of housingcommercial /80% other/ 15% / 5% Population/density 18 000 inh/km2 commercial other 34 min.
Floor area ration Floor 175% Amount of area greenration space 25 %
Population density 18 000 inh/km2 Surface distribution 25% / 35% Population densityfor 1840% 000 /inh/km2 pedestrians / bikes / cars Amount of green space 25 % 25 % 20 min.Amount of green space
Surface distribution for 40% / 25% / 35% Surface distribution for pedestrians / 40% bikes/ 25% / 35% pedestrians / bikes / cars / cars
Drinking water is extracted from the ground and brought to the consumer Vandet udvindes fra jorden og foert videre til forbrugerne
Energy is imported / exported nationally Energi bliver importeret/exporteret nationalt
Power plant produces both energy and heat Kraftvaerket producere bĂĽde energi og varme
Coal power plant produces both energy and heat KulkraftvĂŚrket producere bĂĽde energi og varme
The supply of wind energy is registered at the power plants where thermal power production is adjusted accordingly Forsyningen af vindenergi registreres hos kraftvĂŚrkerne, hvorefter den termiske produktion reguleres
Heat exchanger uses the warm water from the district heating system to warm up the water for the consumer. Cold water is send back to the power plants Varmeveksleren bruger varmt vand fra fjernvarmesystemet til at varme vandet op til indbyggerne. Koldt vand sendes tilbage til kraftvĂŚrkerne.
Heat reserver store large amounts of water for times when the heat requirements are higher than the production Varmereserverne gemmer store mĂŚngder vand til tidspunkter, hvor varmekravne er hĂ¸jere end produktionen
Purification plant cleans water and sends it to the sea. Some water is contributed to the district heating system RensningsanlĂŚgget renser vandet og sender det ud i havet. En del bliver sendt tilbage til fjernvarmesystemet
Waste is sorted by the consumer or brought to the recycling plant Affaldet sorteres af borgerne eller bliver bragt til genanvendelsesstationen
10 The non-reusable waste is taken to the incineration plant where it is converted to heat and energy, and a small percentage is transported to landfill Den ikke-genanvendelige affald tages til forbrĂŚndingsanlĂŚgget, hvor det omdannes til varme og energi, og en lille procentdel fragtes til landomrĂĽder
VAND AFFALD ENERGI
WATER WASTE ENERGY
THE FUTURE FREMTIDEN How much does it cost to export/ import goods to/ from denmark? Hvor meget koster det at exportere/importere vare fra Danmark?
Copenhagen is connected to the rest of Denmark and world. For example the import and export of goods.
KĂ¸benhavn er forbundet med resten af Danmark og verden. F.ek.s nĂĽr de importeret og eksporterer varer.
Wood, cork Trae, kork Wood, cork Wood, cork Trae, kork Trae, kork
Gas Gas GasGas Gas Gas
Chemicals kemikalier Chemicals Chemicals kemikalier kemikalier
Electricity Elektrisk strĂ¸m Electricity Electricity ElektriskElektrisk strĂ¸m strĂ¸m
Other transport transport Anden Other transport Other transport Anden transport Anden transport
Leather, fur, skin Huder, skind Leather, fur,pels, skin fur, Leather, skin Huder, pels, skind Huder, pels, skind
Flights Fly Flights Flights Fly Fly
Textiles tekstilfibre Textiles Textiles tekstilfibre tekstilfibre
Coal, coke, briquettes
koks, briketter Coal,Kul, coke, briquettes Coal, coke, briquettes Kul, koks, briketter Kul, koks, briketter
Raw mineral oil mineral RawRĂĽ mineral oil olier oil Raw mineral olier RĂĽ mineral olier RĂĽ mineral
Medicine Medicinske Medicine Medicine Medicinske Medicinske
1 billion DKK import 1 mia DKK importere 1 billion import 1DKK billion DKK import 1 mia importere 1 mia DKKexport importere 1 DKK billion DKK 1 mia DKK eksportere 1 billion export 1DKK billion DKK export 1 mia DKK eksportere 1 mia DKK eksportere
SĂ¸shipping transport Cargo Cargo shipping SĂ¸ transport SĂ¸ transport
Water, Waste, Energy
This chapter focused on critical analysis of Copenhagen and Ă˜resundâ€™s different building and city typologies and how they affect the region.
This chapter focused on three elements that are all primary issues when it comes to sustainabilty. The chapter explores the processes in a local and European perspective.
Meat MeatKĂ¸dMeat KĂ¸d KĂ¸d
Plastic Plast Plastic Plastic Plast Plast
Copenhagen wants to be CO2 neutral by 2025, is that goal achievable with Denmark importing non-green goods? KĂ¸benhavn har en mĂĽlsĂŚtning om at vĂŚre CO2-neutral i 2025. Er det mĂĽl opnĂĽeligt nĂĽr Danmark inporterer varer som udleder CO2?
HARESKOVBY FAMILY HOUSING Location: Hareskovby, Greater Copenhagen Scale: M - L Chronolgy: 4th Semester
Mentor(s) Mathilde Petri, Supervisor 2nd Year Kent Pedersen, Kent Pedersen Architects Pernille Edstrand, Erik MĂ¸ller Architects Rikke Haugaard Sejersen, PLH Architects
Our assignment was to plan a housing area in the Greater Copenhagen suburb of Hareskovby. The area is located on a site bordering to a villa area, a forest, a stream, a horse farm and a small brewery. Due to the site being located in a safe and quiet environment next to nature, I decided to focus the housing for families with children and teenagers, since I envisioned it as a great place to grow up. On the large scale, I used the oppurtunity to connect the existing villas with the forest while creating new areas for recreation between the new houses. This is done by distorting classical rowhouse typologies into a near clusterhouse typology, thus creating varied small spaces between for different activities. The interiors of the houses are designed to suit all members of the family. In example, teenagers have a room that is accesible without contact with the parents which is practical for privacy. The houses furthermore function with natural daylight and heating from roof windows.
Above: Principle for the shaping of semi-public recreational spaces between the houses.
Natural Daylight and Solar Heating The houses are optimized for maximum daylighting all year round. Solar heating is exploited from the south while conserving heat to the north during winter. During summer, the roof windows regulate the indoor heat by releasing the hot air with a chimney effect.
Below: Rendering of the housing area seen from a path along the stream.
Above: First an elevation and then a section of a chosen building type in its context. Below: Elevation of the housing area.
To the right: Rendering of a living room interior such as the one presented in the plan below it.
To the right (in order from left to right): Plan of the first floor and plan of the ground floor. Privacy Measures (ground floor): The interior was designed so that family members from little children to adults would live in harmony in the house. I.e. the room on the ground floor is for teenagers, where they can get their privacy.
LONGHOUSE PAVILION Location: Hareskov, Greater Copenhagen Scale: S Chronology: 3rd Semester
Mentor(s) Mathilde Petri, Supervisor 2nd Year Kent Pedersen, Kent Pedersen Architects Pernille Edstrand, Erik MĂ¸ller Architects Rikke Haugaard Sejersen, PLH Architects 22
The Longhouse Pavilion project is located at the forest boundries of Hareskoven in Greater Copenhagen. The raw nature of the site made me think of the early days of the North, when man was directly dependant on his natural environment. This furthermore made me think of the Viking Longhouses - the large wooden structures that were a kind of mini-society of their own. My interpretation attempts to give the buildingâ€™s users a glimpse of the simple life of the past, and one where man is close to nature. The shape of the building itself is a direct abstraction of a longhouse. The building is completely selfsustaining, with heating being dependant on an interior fireplace during winter. The project is meant to live up to Cradle to Cradle standards, with 100% recyclable components, except only for a concrete foundation.
Inspired by traditional longhouses, the roof has openings for natural ventilation. The foundation of the building is of concrete and the only unrecycleable component of the structure The roofing in the front covers the large glass opening in order to prevent heating from direct sunlight during summer, while allowing so during winter.
The structure is built of naturally treated wood that is completely recycleable.
The building is partially below ground level in order to exploit natural heating from the ground during winter, and natural cooling during summer.
Above (from top to bottom): Elevation and section. The section shows a long table element, which is of concrete integrated within the foundation. This acts as the central gathering point for social interaction within the structure.
Above: Renderings of the interior during day and night with the long table element in the center.
EXTRA: DESKTOP ORGANIZER Location: Desktop, KADK Scale: XS Chronology: 3rd Semester
Mentor(s) Mathilde Petri, Supervisor 2nd Year Kent Pedersen, Kent Pedersen Architects Pernille Edstrand, Erik MĂ¸ller Architects Rikke Haugaard Sejersen, PLH Architects
This 1:1 project was meant as an exercise in the wood workshop. The result was to be an organizer for our desktops. Since I usually keep an orderly desktop, my only need was a practical item that could keep and hold my papers and books which usually would lie in piles on my desk. The concept of my desktop organizer was to make it seam like a movement that rises out of the desktop. The edges were made sharp in order to make it seam like it was almost a piece of paper, moving out of the desk. The item consists of MDF wood with a glossy coating on the functional paper-bearing planes.
To the right (from top to bottom): Front elevation of the organizer. Side elevation of the organizer with three books. Below (from left to right): Photo of the organizerâ€™s side. Zoom in on edge detail.
LIGHT EXPERIENCE CENTER Location: Bremerholmen, Copenhagen City Scale: XS - M Chronology: 2nd Semester
Mentor(s) Peter Henning JĂ¸rgensen, Supervisor 1st Year Christina Tolstrup, Gottlieb & Paludan Architects Ulrik Heltoft, Lector at the Academy of Fine Arts
The project was to transform the interior of an old transformer building into an experience center for light. I tackled this assignment by first taking a look at the scientific aspects of light. This led to a study of the refraction of light in the different layers of the atmosphere and resulted in a three dimensional interpretation of the movement of light in the atmosphere. The three dimensional spaces were created by filling the interior of the old transformator building with a single planar element and thus creating an experience path, where light and shadow are experienced in different ways throughout the structure.
Above: Model photos of the experience centerâ€™s interior. To the right: Sections of the experience center.
FOREST SAUNA Location: Island of Hven, Øresund Scale: S Chronology: 2nd Semester
Mentor(s) Peter Henning Jørgensen, Supervisor 1st Year Christina Tolstrup, Gottlieb & Paludan Architects Ulrik Heltoft, Lector at the Academy of Fine Arts
This was an assignment located on the island of Hven, in the middle of Øresund. Despite its small size, the island features a great variety of natural experiences, from fields and beaches to forests and hills. The odd diversity of nature gave a sort of mystical natural feeling, which inspired my design. My sauna is located in one of the denser forests on the island. It is meant to be a sort of secret hut, hidden away in the woods. The shape of the sauna itself is a simple, minimal abstraction of the local gable houses, and stands as a mysteriously misplaced man-made object in the wild woods. As for the indoor experience, I have created a skylight that allows shadows of leaves and branches to be projected on the interior wall, creating a relaxing display of shadows and reminding the visitors of the nature outside.
Shadows during summer.
Shadows during winter.
Above: Sections of the sauna illustrating the changing shadow projections during summer and winter. To the right: Rendering of the sauna interior during summer, with a shadow projection of the leaves and branches outside.
For in-depth information about my projects and other writings, check out my blog:
CONTACT Telephone: (+45) 20 59 34 31 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Address: Brønshøjvej 78 st. tv. 2700 Brønshøj Copenhagen, Denmark
Published on May 28, 2013
Selected works of architecture from my undergraduate program at The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts' School of Architecture.