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A R C H IT E C T U R E P O R T F O L

LEHIGH UNIVERSITY B.A. ARCHITECTURE/ B.S. CIVIL ENGINEERING

IO

ANDREW MAIER III


4

Practice.Recite.Perform

6

Museum for a Well-Known Artist

8

Shadow Mapping - Pavilion of Shadows

14

Levitt Music Pavilion and Steel Thai Restaurant

16

Bike.Park Alternative Transportation Hub

20

Vanke Real Estate Sales Office

[TOC] Table of Contents

[Architecture Projects]

[Design Exploration] 22 Case Study: Seattle Public Library Skin 24 Case Study: Ancient Chinese Rainbow Bridge [Artwork] 26 Chinese Bridge Research 28 Observation with Fountain Pen 30 Carlo Scarpa: Photographic Essay of La Tomba Brion 32 Photography: People and Architecture

Left: La Tomba Brion, Treviso, Italy, Published in Lehigh Review 2010 Cover Photo: Corten Steel Facade, French-Chinese Building, Tongji University, Shanghai, China Andrew Maier [3]


2-D to 3-D Transformation Stage 1. Initial Composition: The nine-square grid is an exercise in composition in two dimensions. This composition is given three dimensional quality based on the positive and negative values in two dimensions. The 3-D result exhibits a multitude of possibilities through rotation and reconfiguration, defining different types of architectural space. Nine-Square Grid Drawing: Graphite on Mylar

Stage 2. Repitition and Rotation: A single, repeating element based on the initial stage creates a pattern of uniform parts. Through repitition and rotation the pattern develops into an organized system of elements.

[4] Architecture Portfolio


Drawing: Graphite on Mylar

Practice Perform

Stage 3. Kit of Parts: The initial model is exploded into a kit of parts. The prominent parts are reapplied to form a series of abstract spaces that meet a musician’s needs for private practice, small recitals, and large performances.

[S.01] Practice.Recite.Perfrom

Architecture 43 . Professor Jessica Paul . Fall 2008

Recite

Andrew Maier [5]


Development of Order based on a Structural Grid Unit

Enlarge

Multiply

Observation:

Biaxial symmetry places an emphasis on the center. The junction of the two axis creates a node for activity and a focal point.

Formal Evolution of the Unit: Level Two:

Elevation:

Villa Capra, Vicenza, Italy

Level One:

Section:

Concept Exploration:

Drawing: Graphite on Mylar

[6] Architecture Portfolio


Architecture 143 . Professor Ivan Zaknic . Spring 2009

[S.02] Museum for a Well-Known Artist

Full System

Program: Museum for the work of Alexander Calder Site: Rural Pennsylvania Design Solution: The form is based on the structural unit used to define order from symmetry and regularity. A single unit is multiplied and expanded to create gallery space for a variety of types and sizes of sculpture. Alexander Calder’s work ranges from large outdoor steel stabiles to hanging mobiles to miniature sculptures. The use of solid and transparent facade treatments allows for gallery space to meet Calder’s varying scales and needs for lighting effects. The layout encourages a large mobile, hanging in the core of the gallery, to be viewed from multiple vantage points by facilitating a circulation around the core creating views from both levels.

Andrew Maier [ 7 ]


Shadow Mapping

Shadow Map

Step1. Shadow Mapping: The collection of shadows in the morning, afternoon, and evening exhibits the changing quality of light and shadow throughout the duration of a day. The shadow map is a result of a series of shadows frozen in time. The map offers a vocabulary that is used to generate architectural form.

[8] Architecture Portfolio


Step 3. Site Consideration: The geometry is applied to the site that is situated along a main artery of Lehigh University’s campus. The site is manipulated to facilitate student circulation and to stage a place for gathering and socializing.

[S.03] Shadow Mapping

Architecture 243 . Professor Tony Viscardi . Fall 2009

Step 2. Extracting Formal Elements: The lines of the shadow map inform a compositional reading that prompts a collection of formal geometry. The prominent geometry is reinterpreted as a formal element in a study model in three dimensions.

Andrew Maier [9]


Shadow Mapping

Step 3. Pavilion of Shadows The Pavilion creates an activated space that responds to the changing light quality during the day. The shadow map inspires formal decisions and the geometry that defines the architectural space. The renewal of a major campus junction offers a reinvigorated social environment and place for students to sit, study, gather, and party. Incorporating time with three dimensional space where light demarcates the passage of time and defines space.

[10] Architecture Portfolio


[S.03] Pavilion of Shadows

Architecture 243 . Professor Tony Viscardi . Fall 2009

Andrew Maier [11]


Movable Performance Stage

Vie wo Bet f hle he

Option 1 - Docked: In the docked postion, the stage has access to all Green Room and provides capacity for small musical and theatrical performances.

mS

tee

l Bl

ast

Fur

nac

e

Section: Ordering at Steel Thai Restaurant [12] Architecture Portfolio

West Elevation

Option 2 - Undocked: Closing the local roads during an event, the stage rolls along ball-bearing tracks and rotates on a hydraulic turntable, built into the substructure of the stage, to allow the largest audience.


Program: Performance plaza and community gathering space Site: Adjacent to the Bethlehem Steel Blast Furnaces in Bethlehem, PA.

Pickup

Design Solution: A city once known for its production of steel has been revived with a strong emphasis on music and art. This Levitt Music Pavilion incorporates the historic past of the blast furnaces with the new spirit of public performances and community gathering. In order to facilitate a wide variety of performances, a moving stage is utilized to allow several audience configurations. An adjoined green room and restaurant include the necessary facilities to attract new visitors year round. The Steel Thai Restaurant accompanies the stage facility to generate new traffic in the shadow of the city’s steel manufacturing past.

Steel Thai Kitchen

Green Room

Backstage

Storage

Stage

[S.04] Levitt Music Pavilion and Steel Thai Restaurant

Architecture 343 . Professor Christine Ussler . Spring 2010

Order

Floor One

Outdoor Roof Andrew Maier [13]


Promoting Alternative Transportation in an Urban Setting Philadelphia Museum of Art

Logan Square

Love Park

City Hall

[14] Architecture Portfolio

Introducing new modes of transportation and connecting to available public infrastructure will decrease dependency on automobile traffic, while promoting a healthy, active lifestyle.


Study Model Development

[S.05]

Program: A transportation hub to connect all methods of urban commuting Site: 16th St. and JFK Blvd, Center City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Design Solution: The concept for the design comes from the idea of peeling up the ground. By re-introducing green space into the city, a sense of community is created. The occupiable space is integrated with a green space above, as it houses bicycle storage, repair, and all necessary support facilities below. A local bicycle activist group will use space for events and generating awareness, as well as daily operations. Direct connections to the street level traffic and the underground pedestrian tunnels and subway traffic make this site an optimal way of combining all methods of commuting, and ultimately decreasing the automobile usage within the city limits. Group project with personal involvement including design, 3Ds Max modeling and rendering. Team members include Bill Jones and Nate Oppenheim.

Concept Sketches

Bike.Park Alternative Transportation Hub

Delaware Valley Green Building Council . Sustainable Design Competition . Spring 2010

Andrew Maier [15]


Promoting Alternative Transportation in an Urban Setting

[16] Architecture Portfolio


[S.05] Bike.Park Alternative Transportation Hub

Delaware Valley Green Building Council . Sustainable Design Competition . Spring 2010

Andrew Maier [17]


Shuixie - Modern Water Pavilion

Floor Two

Floor One

[18] Architecture Portfolio


Program: Real Estate Sales Office for the Vanke Real Estate Development Company Site: Jilin, China (Northeast China) Design Solution: This schematic design is a contemporary re-interpretation of the classical shuixie, a type of traditional pavilion that is positioned next to the water in the chinese landscape. The building appears suspended between the water and land. It exists in harmony with nature and offers an immersive experience with its surroundings. Personal involvment included design and plan drawing. Communcation with Professional Renderer through translator.

[S.06] Vanke Real Estate Sales Office

Internship - Tongji Architecture and Design Research Institute - Shanghai, China - Summer 2010

, Chinese Character for Shuixie Andrew Maier [19]


Structural Principles of the Building Skin

Outer Aluminum Cap

secures glazing and seals from rainy Seattle climate

Triple Pane Glazing

low-e coated

Section: Exterior South Wall on Second Level

Silicon Gasket

molded for water/air tight seal

Flexible Butyl Tape

adhesive sealant and insulator

Typical Vertical Mullion Assembly:

Expanded Metal Mesh between outer two panes lessens sun affect

Hard Connection Medium Connection Soft Connection

Typical Seam Panel, Corner Mullion Assembly:

[20] Architecture Portfolio

The Diagrid Skin System: This structural system combines the ability to carry lites of glass with the additional structural capabilities of counteracting lateral, seismic loading. The overall structure could not stand without the fully completed structural skin system assembled. Drawings by Nicole Page, Zack Maurer, and Andrew Maier.

Exploded Assembly of the Building Skin:

Mullion-Glass Interface: Glazing Spacer with insulation

Silicon Gasket

molded for water/air tight seal

Deep Aluminum Mullion

with interior void


Purpose: This group project involved studying the different connections involved in the steel and glass envelope of the Seattle Public Library. A series of hard and soft connections are required to successfully provide a strong structure, as well as a secure window casing.

[D.01] Case Study: Seattle Public Library Skin

Arch 196 . Systems Logic . Professor Nik Nikolov . Spring 2010

The final prototype required the assembly of a small scale mullion. The prototype simulates the unit, which was prefabricated and assembled on site. Personal responsibilities included 3-D rendering and interfacing with 3-D Printer. Team Members: Nicole Page, Zach Maurer, Nate Oppenheim Rendering: 3DS Max, Mental Ray Renderer

Prototype: 3DS Max Modeling, 3-D Rapid Prototyping, ABSplus Production Grade Thermoplastic

Architects: OMA - Rem Koolhaas Photo Credit: OMA Andrew Maier [21]


Rebuilt Rainbow Bridge by NOVA Documentary Model constructed at Tongji University in collaboration with Chinese students. Case Study: Ancient Chinese Rainbow Bridge Location: Jinze, China Purpose of Study: The ancient scrolls show the weaving members of the Rainbow Bridge, as it had been built in the 11th century during the Song Dynasty. The goal of our study was to understand the methods used in construction by the ancient builders and to understand the structural performance of the bridge’s weaving structure. Due to the combination of the two intertweaving types of arch, the structural behavior is atypical. The bridge behaves as a hybrid arch-beam, as the different members are subjected to different types of loading, either bending or axial. In the next phase of the project, the methods and structural understanding will be used in constructing a modern reinterpretation of the Rainbow Bridge using today’s materials and tools. Personal involvement included structural hand calculations, IES Visual Analysis structural design and analysis, physical construction, and team leadership.

[22] Architecture Portfolio


Three Piece Arch

Four Piece Arch

[D.02]

Taller: This method of construction is counter-intuitive to today’s structural systems and structural behavior, yet extremely strong and stable. Though the design is highly redundant, it is extremely affordable due to similar small members.

Unstable as separate entities, strong as a hybrid unit

As Built: Each configuration meets and exceeds the today’s AASHTO standards for pedestrian bridges. The as-built model is the most efficient structural solution, as it has the smallest, most similar forces in both x and y directions.

Weaving Pattern: three piece arch is limited by bending, as four piece arch is limited by axial force

Shorter:

Final Configuration: Counter-intuitive to today’s structural systems and structural behavior, yet extremely strong and stable. Application can cross utilzation and culture with new materials and connections. Possible Design Variables: Arch Pattern, Bridge Height, Member Cross Section

During the Spring 2011 studio, readily available materials and methods of connection will be used to re-interpret the Chinese building method using modern tools and to build a bridge on Lehigh University’s campus.

Asymmetrical Loading:

Left side resists almost entirely axial force. Right side reacts by carrying all bending force.

Data collected and diagrams created in IES Visual Analysis Bridge Reaction Forces x | y (kips) Configuration

Axial Forces min | max (kips)

Bending Moment min | max (kip-in)

Case Study: Ancient Chinese Rainbow Bridge

Hybrid Arch-Beam Configuration

Professors Tom Peters and Tony Viscardi - Summer 2010

Deflection min | max (in)

Taller Model

2.334

3.400

-7.446

1.592

-65.967

80.205

-0.225

0.122

As Built Model

3.024

3.400

-8.771

1.179

-55.448

73.345

-0.175

0.086

Shorter Model

5.035

3.395

-11.811

1.050

-55.568

52.641

-0.152

0.051

Andrew Maier [23]


Lupu Bridge, Shanghai, China

Nanpu Bridge, Tongli, China

[24] Architecture Portfolio


[A.01] Chinese Bridge Research

Lehigh in Shanghai . Summer 2010

Unknown, Jinze, China

Gaoliang Bridge, Summer Palace, Beijing, China

Tongli, China

Garden Entrance, Tongji University, Shanghai, China

Andrew Maier [25]


Chinese Garden Structures and Bridges - Lehigh in Shanghai

“ Before you are able to draw,

you have to learn to see, and you learn to see by drawing. -Mick Maslen

�

Triple Arch Bridge Tongli, China

Yuyuan Garden Bridge Shanghai, China

[26] Architecture Portfolio

Tongji University Garden Pavilion and Bridge Shanghai, China


[A.02] Observation with Fountain Pen

Campanile Serial Drawing - Lehigh in the Veneto - Professor Tony Viscardi - Summer 2009

Andrew Maier [27]


Two Day Public Space Observation

[28] Architecture Portfolio


[A.02] Observation with Fountain Pen

Campo de Gheto Novo - Public Space Drawing Study - Lehigh in the Veneto - Professor Tony Viscardi - Summer 2009

Andrew Maier [29]


Portals

Arcosolium Brion [30] Architecture Portfolio


Carlo Scarpa: Photographic Essay of La Tomba Brion

Concrete Details

[A.03]

Andrew Maier [31]


Sweden Pavilion - Shanghai, China - Featured in Best Photo from Flickr XVII by ArchDaily

[32] Architecture Portfolio

France Pavilion - Shanghai, China


World Expo Reflections - Shanghai, China

[A.04] Photography

Century Avenue Cruise - Shanghai, China

People and Architecture: Architecture is often captured without people in the scene. Architecture alone, however, does not tell the whole story. People in both architectural and urban settings, not only provide scale, but also how people relate and react to the built world. The moments captured in and around architecture explain the ways architecture affects the daily lives of those who encounter it.

Andrew Maier [33]


Some Work, Some Play - Vicenza, Italy - Published in Lehigh Review 2010

Whether we recognize it or not, we all live in a world of architecture. -Julius Shulman

[34] Architecture Portfolio


[A.04] Photography

Old good, New good - Vicenza, Italy

Andrew Maier [35]


77th Late Commute - New York City - Published Lehigh Review 2010

The photograph itself doesn’t interest me. I want only to capture a minute part of reality. -Henri Cartier-Bresson

[36] Architecture Portfolio


[A.04] Photography

Metro Downtown - New York City - Published Lehigh Review 2010

Andrew Maier [37]


Higher than the Moon - Shanghai, China

[38] Architecture Portfolio


Undergraduate Architecture Portfolio