2020/2021 ANNUAL GIBELA RESEARCH CHAIR

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2020/2021

ANNUAL GIBELA RESEARCH CHAIR IN

MANUFACTURING AND SKILLS DEVELOPMENT REPORT D E PA R T M E N T O F I N D U S T R I A L ENGINEERING

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MESSAGE FROM THE DVC RIE


ANNUAL GIBELA RESEARCH CHAIR

It gives me great pleasure to write these comments in regard to the work of the research chair. I thank my predecessors who have championed the initiation of this chair. The work of the research chair in the past year has not been spared the impact of the COVID 19, however the Chair has been resolute to ensure deliverables are met. An international conference that was supposed to be held at the Kruger National Park was strategically moved to be held online with quick adaption to the new COVID 19 regulations in regard to hosting events. This conference was a resounding success amidst various cancelation of such the events global and this demonstrates the committee of the research chair to continue to advance the cause of manufacturing research and commercialisation despite difficult circumstances. The SEDA funded incubator RMCERI established under the Chair has also continued to make strides with two incubatees winning the Innovation Hub GAP competition. The merSETA funded programme on localisation and incubation has delivered several reports and been a platform to encourage students to identify and exploit component manufacturing entrepreneurial opportunities in the past financial year.

The new NRF Funded SARChI that was granted to Prof Mpofu has also taken off very well with this being used as an opportunity to empower an all women team for the postdoctoral fellows, doctoral students and masters students in the engineering field. This is the determination we need to take transformation in the sector and I celebrate this milestone. As the first five year phase comes to an end, well done to the partners, CIRP (International Academy of Production Engineering), SEDA, NRF, merSETA and the GRC Team, may your elbows be greased further!

Dr V Papu-Zamxaka DR V PAPU-ZAMXAKA


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STEERING COMMITTEE CHAIRPERSON REMARKS

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It is imperative to acknowledge my predecessor Dr Buyiswa Mncono-Liwani for the magnanimous work through the years of her leadership on the research chair affairs.

Let me also welcome Mr Kgasoane Pholoso, the Economic Development Analyst at Gibela, Ms Mercy Mulalo Tshivhilinge the Head of Engineering at Gibela and Dr Vathiswa Papu-Zamxaka the newly appointed Deputy Vice Chancellor at the university as members of the steering committee. I would like to thank Prof Josiah Munda, Dr Hien van der Watt and Prof Khumbulani Mpofu for their continued services.

I would like to take this opportunity to congratulate the team for the following milestones over the five years given this report comes at the end of the first phase of the chair, consistently the committee has driven the chair to attain; • Delivery of jigs in 2017/2018 by students. • Establishment of an incubator funded by SEDA to assist with bridging the innovation chasm (gap). • Established the national research chair to broaden technology and innovation application to broader transport sectors. • Over five patents have been registered in the past five years • Over ten countries are being collaborated with in Africa and the globe.

Mr Joseph Mudaua MR JOSEPH MUDAU Steering Committee Chair

Over 100 journals, conferences and books chapters in the past 5 years. Since 2016 , more than 5 postdoctoral fellows, over 15 masters and over 7 doctoral students have graduated. Over five new career paths have been created in the establishment.

The external income generated for research activities has been doubled to supplement the resources from the main funded this is vey welcome. Through this partnership grand milestones have been made to ensure postgraduate skills are developed to revitalise the rail manufacturing sector efforts to ensure the innovations realise the light of day are under way with the incubator, Great has been the journey we are looking forward to the railroad ahead!


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

THE STRATEGY TO ADDRESS PERFORMANCE UTILISED THE AGREED RIE PRIORITY AREAS AND HAS BEEN ROOTED IN THE FOLLOWING SIX INTERRELATED, MUTUALLY REINFORCING DESIRED OUTCOMES. i. To create an institutional environment that will allow researchers to thrive. In this context, the GRC has been very busy implementing the policy, realigning the entity, and ensuring that procedures and process documentation pertaining to research is strictly adhered to. Procurement policies at TUT are enforced in the services provision and necessary approvals are ensured for the day-to-day running of the centre for an efficient environment in which the researchers will have adequate time for research. In the year under review, the Chair ensured that all the researchers are supported within the stipulated guidelines and, subject to available funds, ensured that researcher deliverables are comfortably met. This is reflected in the milestones and successes recorded in terms of outputs and contributions to the University. The motivation and enabling atmosphere has led to the commitment displayed by the research students, 6

postdoctoral fellows and the supporting research chairs, that is, the NRF flagship coordinator, innovation both within and outside the University to deliver on the past conferences hosted by the team inter alia, online articles and research innovation. The Ditsela place continued to provide an environment in which researchers thrive. A team of engineers from Gibela also spent time working on their strategic intent led by Ms Tshivhingile. Thus the environment allowed both academic and industrial leaders to thrive. ii. To develop areas of work in priority areas that provide TUT with a sustained reputation for solution [1] focused, user-inspired research and, where research, teaching and engagement (broadly defined) are closely linked. The national, regional, continental and global entities with agendas set out to improve the lives of communities, implore the GRC to align its objectives towards collaboration with the industries, agencies of government, funders and international role players. Doing so has assisted with technological insights and industry acumen that shapes the society and harnesses opportunities presented by the advent of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The GRC provided a leadership role in identifying, addressing and resolving the variety of economic, sustainability and social ills. The work, with the support of the NRF, has further 2020/2021


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witnessed PGS support. The work with merSETA has addressed issues in the future of work and how the manufacturing of components can be localised. The UK UNESCO Newton Fund shortlisted projects on the establishment of a transport manufacturing hub for the global south has brought four SADC and two European countries in to explore impactful possibilities. iii. To foster a critical mass of contented research leaders who inspire and mentor others. The display of the achievement is evident in the number of research students at masters and doctoral level while attracting over 10 postdoctoral research fellows (PDRF) to the department. Five of the fellows directly reported to the GRC niche areas and played an important role in meeting deliverables in the past year. The PDRFs also served on the departmental management committee that is pivotal in ensuring a solid succession platform for the next research leaders. The supported research champions are groomed and retained within the department as lecturers, senior lecturers and research associates to support and build the capacities of skilled research mentors as well as the next-generation of good researchers. A management committee was established to also contribute to the preparation of research content while deliberately addressing the succession matters of the Chair. iv. To develop a well-prepared corps of nextgeneration researchers – postgraduate students, postdoctoral fellows and young staff members. The GRC has graduated five masters students over the past 12 months in manufacturing and related skills development research topics. Three doctoral students working on manufacturing and related topics have graduated over the past financial year. Five postdoctoral fellows have been supported in the last year, thus providing the much needed next-generation research corps.

v. To increase income for and from research and innovation through a diversity of approaches, sources, partnerships and alliances nationally, regionally, in Africa and globally. In the 2020 to 2021 financial year, the Chair attracted approximately R5 million complimentary funding for research and innovation activities, which include a localisation project, incubator funding and future transport manufacturing support as well as support from the university. A regional project was submitted to the Newton fund, which had a five million pound budget involving four SADC countries and two nations from the European Union. Although the project was shortlisted, this grant was regrettably not awarded to the Chair. The TUT Food Support Project initiatives and raising of funds through a marathon race to support the initiative has had a positive impact on the student community. These projects were able to provide food for over 300 students during the Covid 19 pandemic. vi. To foster effective and efficient leadership, governance and management systems that track and value continuous improvement, accountability for results, and fast and strategic decision-making.

The activities of the Chair are governed by the Steering Committee, which focuses on the direction of the Chair. The scientific committee serves as a sounding board in terms of key scientific directions globally and at the departmental level, the Management Committee oversees the weekly activities of the chair as a means to also create a succession pool.

Prof. K Mpofu PROF. K MPOFU Gibela Research Chair in Manufacturing and Skills Development


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ACRONYMS 4IR

Fourth Industrial Revolution

COVID-19

Coronavirus Disease 19

DSI

Department of Science and Innovation

DVC

Deputy Vice-Chancellor

FTMT

Future Transport Manufacturing Technologies

GAP

Gauteng Accelerator Programme

GRC

Gibela Research Chair

MERSETA

Manufacturing, Engineering and Related Services Sector

Education and Training Authority

NRF

National Research Foundation

PDRF

Post Doctoral Research Fellow

PGS

Post Graduate Student

RIE

Research Inniovation and Engagement

RMCERI

Rail Manufacturing Centre for Entrepreneurship Rapid Incubator

SACGRA

South African Council for Graduates

SADC

South Africa Development Commission

SLPS STCDN

Scientific Technical Committee Design

TUT

Tshwane University of Technology

UK

United Kingdom

UNESCO

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United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation

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PURPOSE AND GOALS OF THE GRC

INTRODUCTION The purpose of this report is to share the progress made from April 2020 to March 2021 by the Gibela Research Chair, who is also the endowed DSI-NRF SARChI Research Chair in Future Transport Manufacturing Technologies (FTMT). The sections of the report are categorised into seven areas with the highlights and the priority areas stipulated in the Research Innovation and Engagement Strategy Document 2018 to 2022. The six areas are described below as the key performance indicators.

Table 1: Lists of Management Committee members and support involved with the GRC Name

Department

Contribution

Prof. K Mpofu

Industrial Engineering

Chairperson

Mr T Nenzhelele

Industrial Engineering

Discipline- Policy

Dr J Swanepoel

Industrial Engineering

Niche Area

The vision of the Gibela Research Chair is to pioneer innovative research in manufacturing technology and manufacturing value chain skills development geared for the revitalisation of the South African railwaymanufacturing sector. The key pillars of the research chair supporting the vision are:

Mr I Tlhabadira

Industrial Engineering

ETDP - SETA

Dr OT Adenuga

Industrial Engineering

Energy Efficiency in Manufacturing (SLPs & Projects)

Dr OM Olabanji

Industrial Engineering

Dynamic Product variety (Projects)

Dr J Ogbemhe

Industrial Engineering

Robotics in manufacturing (merSETA)

Dr IA Daniyan

Industrial Engineering

Projects (WIL)

Dr R Muvunzi

Industrial Engineering

Additive Manufacturing (FTMT)

Ms R Pheme

Industrial Engineering

SLPs

Mr P Sekano

Industrial Engineering

merSETA

Mr G Monzambe

Industrial Engineering

RMCERI

Mr T Mokgokong

Industrial Engineering

WIL

Mrs K Nedohe

Industrial Engineering

FTMT

Mr RC Saka

Industrial Engineering

Projects

Ms TQ Mokolopo (Scriber)

Industrial Engineering

Administrator

• • •

To facilitate railway specific skills development to support the railway industries with capacity. Expand the scientific research and innovation capacity of South Africa in the fields of railway, industry and manufacturing. Improve South Africa’s international research and innovation competitiveness while responding to social and economic challenges of the country. Attract and retain excellent researchers and scientists Increase the production of masters and doctoral graduates. Create research career pathways for young and midcareer researchers, with a strong research, innovation and human capital development output trajectory.

A management committee was implemented by the GRC to establish a pool of researchers who are kept fully up to date with developments at the chair and their roles described in the Table 1. 12

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Prof. Mpofu reports to the steering committee as seen in Table 2, which meets at least twice a year to steer the Research Chair in a direction that continues to support the railcar-manufacturing project through appropriate interventions. New members joined the committee to fill the vacant positions. Ms Mercy Mulalo Tshivhilinge, Head of Engineering, joined the steering committee as Industry Technical Advisor. Mr Pholoso Kgasoane, Economic Development Analyst, joined the committee as Economic Development Advisor. Early in 2021, Dr Vathiswa Papu-Zamxaka, the DVC for Research Innovation and Engagement, was co-opted as an ex-officio member of the steering committee. The advisory position remains vacant during the current period. Table 2: Gibela Research Chair Steering Committee Mr J Mudau

Steering Committee Chairperson

Gibela Rail Transport Consortium

Ex-officio

Tshwane University of Technology

Head of Training and Organizational Development Dr Vathiswa Papu-Zamxaka DVC Research, Innovation and Engagement Dr H Van Der Walt

Curriculum Developer

Tshwane University of Technology Curriculum Development Practitioner Ms MM Tshivhilinge

Industry Technical Advisor

Gibela Rail Transport Consortium Head of Engineering Mr P Kgasoane

Economic Development Advisor

Gibela Rail Transport Consortium

Research Chairperson

Tshwane University of Technology

Economic Development Analyst Prof. K Mpofu Gibela Research Chair Prof. JL Munda

Research Chair Advisor

Tshwane University of Technology

Assistant Dean : Research, Innovation & postgraduate Studies

Advisor

Independent

vacant

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2020 /2021 HIGHLIGHTS

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2020 NEWTON FUND GLOBAL AWARD FINALIST

HONEYCOMB OF COLLABORATION AND PROJECTS OF PROF. MPOFU ASSOCIATED WITH THE NEWTON FUND PRIZE

In 2020, the Research Chair was shortlisted for the Newton Prize 2020. The chair was among projects from Egypt, Jordan, Kenya, South Africa and Turkey. This prize celebrates the outstanding international research partnerships that play an important role in addressing challenges in developing countries and around the world. Problems such as producing clean energy, HIV prevention, the protection of historical sites, addressing water pollution and global pandemics as well as efforts in achieving the sustainable development goals were considered. There are two categories of prizes; one is national and the other, international. Prof. Mpofu’s project was shortlisted for the international category. The work concerning the utilisation of the transport challenges to build an ecosystem for both researchers, entrepreneurs and industry is the social impact needed 2020/2021

by the country, the continent and the developing world at large. It was also an opportunity to collaborate with the University of New Castle, the University of Zambia, the University of Zimbabwe, the Botswana International University of Science and Technology, the Tanzanian Nelson Mandela African Institute of Science and Technology and the Finish Metroploia University of Applied Sciences. Dr Jiska de Groot from University of Cape Town won the prize, with a project on urban transformation in South Africa through co-designing energy services provision pathways. Speaking of this award Committee Member, Professor Dame Jane Francis, Director, British Antarctic Survey said: “The Newton Prize generates some amazingly innovative ideas from many nations in partnership with the UK.” 15


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CHAIR LEADS INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE 3 0 T H C I R P D E S I G N C O N F E R E N C E 0 5 - 0 8 M AY 2 0 2 0 ENHANCING DESIGN THROUGH THE 4TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION THINKING

ELEPHANTS AT THE KRUGER NATIONAL PARK

The Tshwane University of Technology hosted the 30th CIRP Design Conference in South Africa, on a virtual platform between 06 – 08 May 2020.

The goal of this conference is to review and discuss design principles for Industry 4.0 within the context of 16

factories and manufacturing facilities of the future. It was the first time this Scientific Technical Committee of CIRP held its annual event online in South Africa, which made this a prestigious occasion. Previously the country hosted the General Assembly and the CMS conferences. The conference, in brief, convened for three days with a virtual attendance by students, academia and 2020/2021


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industry experts from all over the world. The sessions involved presentations of scientific papers, workshops, panel discussions and keynote addresses. Students participated in the wildlife surveillance competition via video-conferencing, which was aimed at using locally designed drones to prevent wildlife poaching. Further, in cultivating an attitude of gratitude by giving back to the local community through charity organisations, resources were set aside to touch lives through giving food parcels and clothing and supporting the orphanages within the community.

comply with the national lockdown imposed by the South African government. Nonetheless, with the hard work and dedication of the local organising committee, TUT successfully hosted the Africa’s first online CIRP international scientific conference of its kind. The 30th CIRP design conference brought together researchers and academic staff from around the world with the objective to share knowledge and engage in discussion on design through the 4th industrial revolution thinking. Researchers from various countries have submitted and presented their research outputs, with Germany being the leading contributor, followed by South Africa.

PROF. MPOFU (CHAIR) AND PROF. BUTALA (CO-CHAIR)

The Scientific Technical Committee Design (STCDn) of the International Academy for Production Engineering (CIRP) has been supporting contributions in the areas of design theories, methodologies, IT tools and their practical design applications over the past decades. The STCDn Conferences provide a technical forum for researchers, industrial practitioners, and policy makers to exchange ideas, share research findings, and discuss the various issues that they encounter. Through the initiative of Professor Khumbulani Mpofu and support from the whole team of the Gibela Research Chair (GRC), the Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) was honoured to host the 30th CIRP design conference from the 05th to 08th May 2020.

The conference was initially planned to take place at the Skukuza Rest Camp in the Kruger National Park; but due to the current global pandemic, the conference had to be hosted online to keep everyone safe and 2020/2021

PERCENTAGE PARTICIPATION PER COUNTRY

The various topics that were covered in this conference include design for enhancing the 4th industrial revolution thinking, design theory, design methodology and tools, design for X, design of X, creativity and emotion in design, design education, case studies and industrial experiences, as well as emerging issues. More than 230 papers were submitted and 140 papers were accepted and presented during the conference. The conference has provided to the global scientific community a unique opportunity to share knowledge, advance science, and contribute to the development of technology during this difficult time that we are all experiencing with the outbreak of Covid-19.

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VIRTUAL TOUR: MARULA CULTURAL DANCE

M O R E T H A N 2 3 0 PA P E R S W E R E S U B M I T T E D A N D 1 4 0 PA P E R S W E R E AC CEPTED AND PRESENTED DURING THE CONFERENCE.

The conference did not only focus on the scientific aspects but aimed to also support the local community and display South Africa’s culture for potential touristic attraction. In collaboration with the Mpumalanga tourism and parks agency, a virtual tour of the various touristic sites and cultural activities around the Skukuza Rest camp was created and presented during the conference for the entertainment of the participants. The virtual tour included the Marula cultural village, cultural dance, and the Panorama route, among others. Sincere gratitude goes to the partners and sponsors of the 30th CIRP design conference, including the Tshwane University of Technology, Gibela Rail Transport Consortium and the Mpumalanga Tourism and Parks Agency.

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CAPPING THE YEAR WITH RECOGNISING STUDENT EXCELLENCE Towards the end of the academic year in 2020, the Industrial Engineering Department hosted their third annual student awards ceremony, championed by the Gibela Research Chair as a means to motivate excellence and prepare the next cadre of researchers. For this great event, the Shonalanga valley resort and spa was the perfect venue to reward the best performing students in attendance. The academic industry is navigating unchartered territory in these unprecedented times, given the global impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. Despite this, the awards ceremony went ahead with the necessary compliance. Only a few people were admitted into the Shonalanga valley resort due to covid-19 regulations, so that safety protocols would be observed. Distinguished members of the Tshwane University of Technology including the new DVC Dr Vathiswa PapuZamxaka, Gibela Rail Transport Consortium, through the chair of the GRC Steering Committee Chairperson and other industry experts filled the extravagant hall making the event an epitome of excellence. As the student award winners were announced, they were presented with the

We can never get enough of education. Let us embrace knowledge and learning to ensure a better tomorrow - to ensure a better Africa!

- P R O F. K . M P O F U trophy and their certificates on the stage. The evening was graced with a great performance by the TUT choir. Every individual who took to the stage got excited and stimulated by the intellect, emotions, and creativity.

LEFT: MR GIFT NENZHELELE, HOD OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

DR V PAPU-ZAMXAKA, DVC RESEARCH, INNOVATION AND

DEPARTMENT. MIDDLE: TUT CHOIR. RIGHT: MR. J. MUDAU, FROM

ENGAGEMENT

GIBELA CONSORTIUM, HANDING AN AWARD TO A STUDENT.


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ALL FACTORIES IN HATFIELD Unemployment is rampant now more than ever as government agencies and associated stakeholders invest in the revitalisation of manufacturing industries. Experiential learning opportunities have been instrumental in alleviating the impact of skills shortages; the challenge is the lack of skills among graduates with limited opportunity for student exposure prior to graduation. To minimise the impact of this dilemma, universities are reducing the duration of experiential learning, and benchmarking best practices with international learning institutions to determine the most feasible and sustainable means of imparting work-based skills without burdening the manufacturing sector, which is concerned with the employability of graduates without practical experience. In response to these challenges, Gibela Research Chair (GRC) invested approximately two million rand in establishing the X-Reality Lab furnished with Virtual, Augmented, Mixed-Reality (VR, AR & MR) technology between 2019-2020. The platform is used for training, product development and virtual commissioning in Transport Manufacturing. The technology affords learners the opportunity to experience and simulate manufacturing operations that are representative of the entire manufacturing value chain. The chair championed the establishment of the Rail Manufacturing Centre for Entrepreneurship Rapid Incubator (RMCERI) and is expected to provide virtual experiential learning whilst stimulating interests in research and innovation amongst undergraduates who are prospective entrepreneurs with the untapped ability to expand the concentrated job market and revive the depressed economy.

THE MANUFACTURING FACTORY AND VIRTUAL REALITY FACTORY ENVIRONMENT

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TO CREATE AN INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT THAT WILL ALLOW RESEARCHERS TO THRIVE


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WORK CULTURE - BEING A GREAT WORKPLACE, THE EDGE OF GREAT ORGANISATIONS OVER GOOD ORGANISATIONS

“Alone we can do so little, together we can do so muchHelen Keller. This quote clearly describes the importance and benefits of a united team of people having one vision and goal. A work culture where diverse people work in harmony yields great success and great achievements. All laud and honour, the day started with giving thanks to the One who freely hands out the gift of life. Every morning at 7:30am, members from different religious backgrounds join a Morning moment of devotion were inspiration is shared and discussed. Those who cannot make it physically can join the session online. It is generally unspoken and unwritten traditions and values that help form deep bonds between colleagues, which then results in the formation of a great team, and the GRC is no exception to the rule. Another activity carried out on a weekly basis is the Plan A simulation game. Every Friday, either physically or online, members are immersed in the game, which helps with decision-making as it forecasts the possible outcomes of the daily decisions that most companies make. Furthermore, this game allows job rotation that helps team members understand the stress and struggles other colleagues may face in their daily work and hence enable a better under- standing of one another. There are many activities that regularly take place in the GRC, but one particularly exciting one is the annual pool 22

competition held at the end of every year where members compete to win the right to brag about being the best pool player for the next year. To enhance the work culture, a team building session preceded the award ceremony for the year like the daily, weekly and month activities. Statistics show that only 20% of team members sustain a team, and from that 20%, only 20% represent the driving force. A cohesive team that strives to meet a common goal was built when each member had created bonds with one another through activities that allow each person to see another in a different setting. With a desire to build a high-performance team, the GRC hosted a two-day team building session for all its members, supervised by Mr Lourens Delport. Through activities such as teaching, sharing, debating, playing, and much more, the GRC’ members were able to not only discover firstly, themselves, but also their colleagues. Words of appreciation, conflict avoidance and resolution, building bridges of communication, provision of constructive feedback, and more were discussed to help each member fit into the team and hence to build a team that collaborates, innovates, works as a team, socialises, resolves conflict, gets to know each other, boosts performance, and has fun. In essence, a high performing team was developed. 2020/2021


THE FULL COMPLEMENT OF THE GIBELA RESEARCH CHAIR TEAM AT THE DITSELA PAVILION

THE PLAN A SIMULATION FUTURE OF WORK GAME IN SESSION THE ANNUAL POOL COMPETITION IN SESSION: ALL WORK AND NO PLAY MAKES US ALL DULL

BUILDING A TEAM IS NOT ONLY ABOUT ENGAGING IN IDEAS BUT ALSO TASK EXECUTION


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TEAM BUILDING

The three-day team building workshop was organised to address disconnect and central communication breakdowns that impede collaboration between team members. These activities were hosted at a conference facility called - Shona ‘Langa Resort Valley - Centurion, Pretoria. It is understood that team building is the action or process of causing a group of people to work together effectively as a team, primarily through activities and events designed to increase motivation and promote cooperation. The participants (25 – 30) met for three consecutive meetings as guided by City Changer facilitators to promote team spirit, create good team dynamics and strengthen bonds between the team members. The team building was conducted to achieve a common goal as shared in a structured strategic pattern that would make it memorable, engaging, and creative. The facilitator began by asking everyone in the group to shout out what would make the workshop meaningful and pleasant. Thereafter, everyone was asked to write their ideas on shared notes where the suggestions of each participant were recorded on a mind map; these ideas were subsequently recorded on a board. Most of the ideas suggested during the meeting were mutually reviewed

and agreed on as being “pleasant” and “meaningful” as the general engagement of the group. The techniques used to ensure effective engagement of individual, smaller team and cross team communication as well as collaboration were applied through a wide range of organised activities which played a major role in bringing all the participants closer. The team-building workshop was divided into two categories – indoor and outdoor sectional activities. Stories are the best way to address any disconnect. Stories naturally connect people. When stories are told, brains engage better. Listening and responding respectively, having the freedom to ask a question and creating an open environment receptive to all will help establish an effective group process. Such an event increases motivation and promotes cooperation. The key aspects touched on were: Code of Conduct, Memory Wall, Spectrum Mapping, Office Trivia and Tied Together.

SAMPLES OF TEAM MASTERY DISCUSSED AT THE WORKSHOP 24

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RMCERI SACGRA AWARD 2020 The CEO of the South African Council for Graduates (SACGRA), Mr Charles Lebea, visited the Rail Manufacturing Centre for Entrepreneurship Rapid Incubator (RMCERI), an incubator initiated by the Gibela Research Chair, Prof. Khumbulani Mpofu. During his visit, Mr Charles Lebea was warmly welcomed by Prof. Mpofu and the Centre Manager of RMCERI, Mr Senzo Xulu who gave him an extensive tour of the centre, while explaining to him all the work being done, both at the Gibela Research Centre (GRC) and at RMCERI. The RMCERI is the host employer of five SACGRA interns, that is, two mechanical engineering students, two electrical engineering students, and one industrial engineering student. The students are currently working on various projects at the centre and contributing to the accomplishment of the various objectives of GRC. The visit took place at Ditsela Place, in Hatfield / Pretoria, a building hosting both the GRC and RMCERI. The main purpose of the visit was to engage with both the interns and the management of the RMCERI to ensure that everyone understands what is expected of them and that they are doing exactly that. During this visit, the SACGRA awarded RMCERI a certificate for being an employer host to the SACGRA interns and for investing in skills transfer for the young people. Mr Charles Lebea was very happy with his visit to RMCERI and was impressed by all the work being done at the centre.

MR SENZO XULU, RECEIVING THE SACGRA AWARD ON BEHALF OF RMCERI FOR THE HOST EMPLOYER OF INTEREST. AROUND HIM ARE PROF. K. MPOFU, MR. CHARLES LEBEA, AND THE SACGRA INTERNS.

Through the activities of RMCERI, the GRC is providing pathways and opportunities for young South Africans who are not employed to be exposed to the world of work as well as the pathways to entrepreneurship and postgraduate studies.

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TO DEVELOP AREAS OF WORK IN PRIORITY AREAS THAT PROVIDE TUT WITH A SUSTAINED REPUTATION FOR SOLUTION FOCUSED, USER-INSPIRED RESEARCH AND, WHERE RESEARCH, TEACHING AND ENGAGEMENT (BROADLY DEFINED) ARE CLOSELY LINKED



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DSI – NRF -SARCHI RESEARCH CHAIR IN FUTURE TRANSPORT MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES

The DSI – NRF -SARChI Research Chair in Future Transport Manufacturing Technologies hosted an online seminar on the 17th July 2020. The current pandemic facing the world has placed a number of constraints on us and has necessitated that we prioritise the safety of all our stakeholders. The seminar was hosted on an open-source online platform, JITSI. Dr Boitumelo Ramatsetse was the programme director of the seminar, which was attended by approximately forty-seven participants. The seminar was dedicated to conversations on Research Tools for Future Transport Manufacturing, as well as research projects in rail manufacturing which covered skills development, manufacturing technology development and other related topics. The seminar provided a platform for postgraduate students to present their research proposals and colloquia to fellow colleagues, collaborators and international partners, followed by question and answer engagement regarding individual work. The academia and associates also provided their input in order to enrich the content of that which was presented. Five (5) post-graduate students presented their research studies (two (2) were doctoral students while three (3) were masters’ students). The seminar aimed to bridge the gap between academic research and future transport manufacturing technologies (FTMT). 28

The host of the FTMT online seminar, Prof. Mpofu, who head the Gibela Research Chair and is the Founder of RMCERI, gave the opening remarks. He emphasised how the collaboration of academia and executives within rail would encourage positive development to expand research efforts in FTMT to real industrial realisation, as emphasised by the Newton Fund shortlisted in the section on the highlights of this report. Dr Rok Vrabic, currently Assistant Professor at the University of Ljubljana, presented a keynote address ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN FUTURE TRANSPORT MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES. Dr Olayinka Olabanji, a Post-Doctoral Fellow, at Tshwane University of Technology (TUT), Department of Industrial Engineering, presented a keynote address on a HYBRIDIZED MULTICRITERIA DECISION MODEL AS A DECISION TOOL IN ENGINEERING DESIGN. The fellow’s presentation focused on tools that can assist design engineers and manufacturers to determine a robust design concept before simulation and manufacturing considerations. In his model, all the design features and sub features are identified during the decision-making process. Ms Mikateko Baloyi, a Masters student, at the Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) presented her topic 2020/2021


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A SAMPLE OF THE POSTER FOR THE SEMINAR CAPTURING THE VARIOUS MODES OF TRANSPORT

titled: IMPLEMENTATION CLOUD MANUFACTURING IN FUTURE TRANSPORT MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS FOR SMMEs IN SOUTH AFRICA. The expected outcome with this study is the successful implementation of Cloud manufacturing in the future transport-manufacturing systems for SMMEs in South Africa. Her solution enables integration, data sharing, resource sharing, sustainability, and collaborative manufacturing in the transport manufacturing industry. Ms Junior Matlakala, a Masters student at Tshwane University of Technology (TUT), presented a paper on the DEVELOPMENT OF A FRAMEWORK TO GROW RAIL MANUFACTURING SMMEs INTO GLOBAL PRODUCTION NETWORKS. The expected results are a framework that will assist to identify influencing factors that affect decision-making in rail manufacturing SMMEs when forming a global production strategy and managing the production network. Furthermore, the researcher identified the gap in the literature to sustain rail manufacturing SMMEs operational activities within the GPNs. Mr Emanuel Fernando Zeferino, a Masters student at Tshwane University of Technology (TUT), presented a paper on the DEVELOPMENT OF A FRAMEWORK FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF A WISDOM MANUFACTURING SYSTEM FOR THE TRANSPORT SECTOR. The concept makes use of social media data and other relevant data for product intelligence. Big data is the fundamental building 2020/2021

block of this framework. The data will be sourced from the cloud, repair shops and car dealerships and, through the use of text, mine and analysis tools, the author intends to conduct a case study in order to validate the framework. Ms Kgaugelo Modise, who is a PhD student at Tshwane University of Technology (TUT), presented a topic titled: DEVELOPMENT OF A PREDICTIVE MODEL FOR ENERGY AND CARBON EFFICIENCY FOR TRANSPORT MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES. The contribution of the thesis will offer an innovative analytical and methodological approach to reduce energy consumption and to research the existing gaps in the development of an advisor for hybrid-embedded energy and CO2 emissions efficiency for the national reporting system for future transport manufacturing. Ms Khumbuzile Mdlalose, a PhD student, at Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) presented a paper on the DEVELOPMENT AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF A RECONFIGURABLE WELDING WORKSTATION IN A RAIL. The aim of the study is to reduce production costs and improve productivity through layout optimisation and modification of work design to improve the efficiency of the worker.

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GOALS OF THE DSI-NRF SARCHI RESEARCH CHAIR IN FUTURE TRANSPORT MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES (FTMT) Introduction This section of the report explains the progress made by the FTMT research chair from January to December 2021. The first sub-section explains the vision, research niche areas, and how they align with the research, innovation and engagement strategy. The second section explains the research outputs and activities conducted during the reporting period. Research chair vision and key pillars The vision of the research chair is to be a leader in innovative research in future transport-manufacturing technologies. This involves investigating models that will play a key role in the improvement of South Africa’s future transport manufacturing sector and its competitiveness. The initial focus falls on all transport subsectors (rail, automotive, aerospace and maritime). The drive behind this research is to align the nation with the fourth industrial revolution, increase competitiveness and positively contribute to the GDP. The focus areas addressed by the research chair include: i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi.

Manufacturing Product Variety Driven FTMT Dynamic facility layout for FTMT Efficient Energy Utilisation in FTMT Agent based monitoring, diagnostics and prognosis for FTMT De-manufacturing for FTMT Virtual/Augmented/Mixed Reality Learning Factory

Research collaboration The following collaboration activities were conducted Engagement with AIDC The AIDC, as a major stakeholder in the South African Automotive Industry is an enabler of effective and sustainable socio-economic growth. The AIDC has specific incubation 30

programmes and models in the automotive industry. The FTMT research Chair has engaged the AIDC to collaborate in localisation and incubation activities. This effort is aligned with the aspirational vision to increase the local content of automotive components from 39% (as of 2018) to 60% through to 2035. Engagement with research institutions involved in Additive Manufacturing research Additive Manufacturing (AM) is an emerging technology that involves manufacturing objects directly from digital models using the layer-wise approach. This is a key industry 4.0 technology identified by the chair as a driver for increasing product variety since it is flexible and there is no tooling investment required when producing parts. Engagements were established with research institutions involved in Additive Manufacturing research. The institutions engaged include Stellenbosch University and CSIR. The purpose of the engagements was to conduct collaborative research, taking advantage of the facilities in such institutions for mutual beneficiation. This includes the co-supervision of students and collaborative projects. Other research activities The following research activities were conducted Building Additive Manufacturing capability Much effort was made to build AM capability. This involved investigating the necessary AM technologies and models required for the transport-manufacturing sector. As part of the process, a benchmarking procedure was created to establish the required AM technologies. In addition, a grant application was prepared to source the necessary equipment. The grant was temporarily put on hold due to the financial implications of the pandemic. However, other grant opportunities were identified and applications are currently on going. A short 2020/2021


ANNUAL GIBELA RESEARCH CHAIR

DRIVING TOWARDS SMART SUSTAINABLE SUPPLY CHAINS

learning programme on AM is currently being developed.

On the 4th of December 2020, the Gibela Research Chair Supply Chain Project Team together with the Gibela Supply Chain Team held a virtual meeting due to the pandemic-related restrictions imposed at the time. The TUT Supply chain team was represented by seven members while the Gibela Supply Chain was represented by six members. The aim of the meeting was to build a relationship between both teams. As part of the meeting, postgraduate students presented various topics on their current works to the Gibela team. On the day, numerous students were offered assistance with their research. Mr Maseko, one of the Gibela Research Chair Supply Chain members, emphasised the importance of the projects to be sustained. The need to establish strong links with suppliers through a shared mission was emphasised. Furthermore, the need to develop and upgrade transverse current suppliers was stressed. This also aligns with some of the research that the postgraduates are pursuing. Mr Val suggested that the engagement be pursued off line to identify which topics are specifically aligned with which suppliers. “We are aligned with day to day activities then what we need to do, we need to unpack in detail to check what is relevant to which supplier”, Mr Simphiwe indicated. Professor Mpofu, the Gibela Research Chair, said: “Our mandate is to develop technology and take it to the suppliers of Gibela. TUT and Gibela are partners for a common objective realisation of safe, efficient and

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Technologies must not just be there and gather dust they must be used.

- P R O F. K . M P O F U affordable transport to the millions of public commuters. Workshop on grant application A workshop was conducted to educate postgraduate students about grant applications. Students were equipped with the necessary tips for making a successful grant application. The focus of the workshop was on the NRF postgraduate scholarship. Expansion The research chair hired three research assistants to support the research activities under FTMT. The assistants were welcomed and integrated into the department. Two students also joined the FTMT research. GRC Research collaboration The following collaboration activities were conducted. Productivity SA-TUT Collaboration A proposal to establish collaboration between Productivity SA and the research chair under TUT is under discussion. The proposed agreement is based on using the

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research expertise offered by TUT in terms of enterprise development and industry 4.0 to add value to the mandate of Productivity SA. This includes the use of the following locally developed machines to enhance productivity of SMMEs. i.

Energy Efficiency Device

ii.

Reconfigurable Jigs

iii.

Reconfigurable Assembly Fixture

iv.

Virtual Reality to enhance Technology Skills Development in SMMEs

v.

Reconfigurable Guillotine and Shear Bending Machines

vi.

Serious Gaming using Plan A to educate SMMEs on the 4IR and enhance their competitiveness.

NCPC-TUT Collaboration The Gibela research chair, under TUT has engaged with NCPC to partner/collaborate on the training and development of energy related courses. The two parties are in a process of finalising an MOA. So far, three candidates were selected for the training on energy management and resource efficiency. These include Prof. K Mpofu, Dr B Ramatsetse and Dr OT Adenuga. Between January and March 2021, Dr. OT Adenuga and Mrs RK Modise attended the following training courses with NCPC. i. ii. iii.

i.

Focus Area Energy Efficiency (EE) Project Title Pilot Study (Energy Efficiency Online Metering Implementation – Commercialization Funding)

ii.

Focus Area Manufacturing and EngineeringRelated Services Sector Project Title WORK PACKAGE IV, Localisation and Incubation Activities Valued at Approximately R1m per Annum.

iii.

Focus Area Entrepreneurship and Business Planning Project Title RMCERI, a project to support the activities of commercialisation of the Research Chair intellectual property developments was granted R0,6 million over the past financial period.

The above projects were completed during the period under reporting.

Certificated Energy Performance Indicator Training Energy Management 101 ISO 50001

Research and Innovation Projects

A VIRTUAL REALITY ROOM AND ASSOCIATED SOFTWARE

Projects which were on-going in the reporting period The following projects were undertaken during the reporting period

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CBC WILLING TO BRIDGE THE GAP

COMPOSITE BRAKE COMPONENT

CBC (Composite Brake components) is a manufacturing company that designs and develops composite brake pads and brake blocks. Situated in Rosslyn, their facility spans 4,800m2. With a presence of more than 50 years in the market, CBC annual manufacturing capacity currently stands at 720,000 on-tread railway brake blocks. In August and November 2020, they opened their doors to researchers from Tshwane University of Technology (TUT), Department of Industrial Engineering. The academic visit aimed to identify potential projects and areas in which both institutions could collaborate for innovative brake components in various transport sectors.

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During the first meeting, the technical manager took the team on a tour of the plant, where he explained and displayed the different technologies and processes used for composite brakes manufacturing. The company operates on a dry powder manufacturing process and wishes to be more competitive in implementing intelligent manufacturing systems. The Industrial Engineering (IE) team responded to the call to investigate new methods and technology that achieve processes that are more efficient. At the second meeting, the stakeholders elaborated a plan to work together for mutual benefit. This plan allows the IE students to be exposed to the manufacturing environment. Thus, bridging the gap between the academia and the industry.

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TO FOSTER A CRITICAL MASS OF CONTENTED RESEARCH LEADERS WHO INSPIRE AND MENTOR OTHERS

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GRC, PROTAGONIST OF THE 9TH ICAT CONFERENCE ON APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY

“Appropriate Technology” (AT) is the technology to empower people. The more the world population is empowered, the more the world’s human resources can be utilized, and the better equipped the mass of human society is to exercise democracy.” An empowered population can more effectively use their creativity and critical thinking to improve the state of the planet and society and improve their quality of life. An empowered population is most capable of exercising democracy in all local, national and global contexts. Since its inception in 2016, the GRC has always participated in the appropriate technology conference, ensuring that conversations around rail manufacturing are brought to the fore at these events.

THE 9TH EDITION OF T H E I C AT WA S H O S T E D

It was a five-day event organised by Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa. The idea of the ICAT is to discuss the development of the technology that is capable of empowering people with special consideration to the environment in response to Sustainable Developmental Goals (SDG); ethical compliance, cultural sensitivity, social and economic sustainability giving priority to the disadvantaged in the population (differentlyabled, women and children). The 9th ICAT would: ·

·

ONLINE THROUGH WEBEX, A V I R T U A L P L AT F O R M BETWEEN 23RD-27TH NOVEMBER 2020. 2020/2021

·

Promote knowledge-based technology exchange and the related diffusion of innovation to support Appropriate Technology (AT) practice. Identify, initiate and combine AT contributions based on both pre-modern and modern knowledge exchange in a manner that is rooted in community empowerment. Provide a forum for networking on AT solutions for the 21st century through the cross-pollinating innovative thinking in recognition, valorisation and re-appropriation of a diverse group of creative ideators.

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T H E C O N F E R E N C E W I T N E S S E D VA R I O U S TA L K S F R O M A W I D E R A N G E O F E X P E R T S :

MR J MUDAU

DR V PAPU-ZAMXAKA,

PROF. JAT TRIMBLE,

Head of Training and Organisational Development, Gibela Rail Consortium.

DVC for Research, Innovation and Engagement and the Local organising committee members

NRF Flagship Coordinator & Director of INAT

PROF. M MUCHIE,

PROF. K. MPOFU,

DSI-NRF, SARChI Research Professor on Innovation Studies, TUT, South Africa.

Gibela Research Chair & DSI-NRF SARChI in Future Transport Manufacturing Technologies

PROF. A OSMAN, DSI/NRF/SACN Research Chair in Spatial Transformation (Positive Change in the Built Environment)

PROF. A.P.I. POPOOLA

MRS R SIBANDA

DR OT ADENUGA

Professor

CEO Organic Waste to Energy (OWE)

Gibela Research Chair, Post-Doctoral Fellow

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ENTREPRENEURSHIP WEEK: MUCH MORE THAN PAPERS Charles-Guillaume Etienne once said, “One is never served so well as by oneself”. African researchers need to step up and transform their research outputs into businesses to alleviate the issue of unemployment not only in South Africa, but also Africa in general. Through the guidance of Mr Karikari, researchers and students learned what being an entrepreneur entails, the steps towards the achievements of a goal, one of which is to draft the business plan, and how to face challenges along the journey. At the end of the week, gifted with hands-on knowledge from the experts who presented their stories, most of the attendees had conceived business plans and had received guidance on how to attract or generate funding for their businesses. Having an incubator within its premises, RMCERI, the GRC is therefore able to help researchers to not only create their businesses, but also support them throughout the life cycle by providing the required support for their growth. Boldly led by its vision of creating jobs inspired by the idea of the black industrialist in South Africa as well as in Africa, GRC thus organised an entrepreneurial week directed by Mr Franklin Owusu-Karikari. Nothing is impossible all you have to do is to believe in your dreams. For more information visit the Kippenquries@thedti.gov.za website Ms Mokoele supported Mr Mtsweni where he said “government is willing to propel the spirit of entrepreneurship by providing financial support”. She delivered a keynote address about Support Programme for Industrial Innovation (SPII). The objective of the programme is designed to promote technology development in South Africa’s industry through the provision of financial assistance for the development of innovative products or processes. SPII specifically focuses on the development phase, which begins at the conclusion of basic research and ends at the point when a preproduction

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prototype is produced. She encouraged the audience to grab opportunities with a positive mind-set. SPII will always be open to support the development of technological innovation. Those who wish to apply will benefit from financial assistance with a non-repayable grant. She advised that it will be prudent for innovators to visit the Spiienquries@thedti.gov.za website for more information. During the 2nd session, audiences were given a chance to engage in a group brainstorming session and group presentation by Prof. Gochermann. “I thank everyone for joining the session and always remember that an idea is a starting point”, he concluded.

PROF. K MPOFU ENGAGING WITH PARTICIPANTS AT THE ENTREPRENEURSHIP WEEK

MR KARIKARI, ENGAGING WITH PARTICIPANTS AT THE ENTREPRENEURSHIP WEEK

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CREATING A CULTURE OF INNOVATION

The Innovation Hub hosted its first virtual Gauteng Accelerator Programme awards (GAP) on 10 December 2020. The awards ceremony was successfully held with categories in ICT, medical sciences, biosciences, green economy and township economy. The winners comprise innovators, researchers and entrepreneurs that are engaged on novel concepts, which will improve the potency of service delivery, increase the competitiveness of the local economy and enhance the standard of life of ordinary citizens. The fourth prize in the Green Economy Category, with a prize value of R70 000, went to Ms Kgaugelo Modise, a TUT DEng. student and founder of MiEnergy (PTY) Ltd for their Energy Efficiency (EE) monitoring device for Industry 4.0. The proposed EE device assists in the process of data acquisition, processing and reflection of the dynamics of the IoT data environment. The exploration of the EE baseline benefits the life cycle cost of the overall facility in big data analytics through efficient energy use and continuous improvement practices during production. The application presents software with vast quantities of consumed data by machines to improve throughput, to support optimisation of energy performance and to predict the cost. The Energy Efficiency monitoring device is characterised by the integration of huge volumes of data in real time; consisting of five-layer functional components, namely the 38

physical layer equipped with an energy meter to collect energy consumption data through the Modbus TCP/ Serial line as real-time gateways. The communication layer is a data transmission path to the integrated energy saver using the Internet of Things (IoT) for data gathering, storage, processing, energy analysis and cost management. The technologies are enabled through Wi-Fi or wired Ethernet, GPRS and Zigbee pro for connectivity to the cloud. The middle layer offers integration and application development, while the database and management layers are used for analysis. The third prize in the ICT Category, with a value of R130 000, went to Dr Boitumelo Ramatsetse, a TUT alumnus and founder of REDEMA Engineering (PTY) Ltd, for their Reconfigurable Vibrating Screen (RVS) technology that is able to respond to fluctuating mineral concentrate demands in the mining industries. Dr Ramatsetse said, “The RVS machine brings the concept of re-configurability compared to the conventional vibrating screen, thus making it flexible to adapt with changes in demand.” Dr Ramatsetse’s REDEMA Engineering is part of the TUTs incubator Rail Manufacturing Centre for Entrepreneurship Rapid Incubator (RMCERI). The rapid incubator has a mandate to develop new technology-based enterprises and cooperatives. 2020/2021


ANNUAL GIBELA RESEARCH CHAIR

DR BI RAMATSETSE, THE INNOVATOR

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THE INNOVATION

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TUT COUNCIL DIALOGUE ON FUTURE IN 4IR PLAN A BUSINESS SIMULATION – THE FUTURE WORK GAME

The TUT Council as the highest governance structure in the running of the university hosted a special dialogue to invited delegates. Prof. Mpofu was invited to participate in connection with the research carried out by the Gibela Research Chair and to ensure that the work done at incubator is shaped appropriately. With the fourth industrial revolution, the academic sector faces new challenges. Several technologies have been developed by the GRC which are relevant to the dialogue was entitled “Positioning TUT in the context of the challenges of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) and the Future of Work”. As the industry 4.0 era will be progressively implemented across worldwide companies, academia must deal with situations where the approach to knowledge transfer for industrial relevance and the associated provision of a new course. The dialogue chart a way forward for the framework that makes recommendations on how best the university can position itself in the global 4IR context. In the second and third parts of the dialogue, the role of a university of technology in economic recovery was addressed.

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The social impact of 4IR should be balanced with the introduction of new technologies

DR B.E NZIMANDE On display at the dialogue was the Plan A business simulation game – The future of work Game for use in commercial training and academic teaching. The goal is to initiate a method of dialogue regarding our concepts of future work in addition to the development of the game within the African context, as a result of the operating world being at the beginning of any elementary transformation. Prior to the dialogue, Chairperson of Council, Mr Tilson Manyoni visited the Gibela Research Chair and was impressed by the work being done and stated that the next Elon Musk needs to come from activities at Ditsela.

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DR B.E NZIMANDE MINISTER OF HIGHER EDUCATION, SCIENCE AND INNOVATION SPEAKING AT THE COUNCIL DIALOGUE

PLAN A – SHAPING THE FUTURE OF WORK – A TECHNOLOGY DEPLOYED AT THE GRC

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TO INCREASE INCOME FOR AND FROM RESEARCH AND INNOVATION THROUGH A DIVERSITY OF APPROACHES, SOURCES, PARTNERSHIPS AND ALLIANCES NATIONALLY, REGIONALLY, IN AFRICA AND GLOBALLY.

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FUNDER PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION FOR THE 2020/2021 FINANCIAL YEAR

The GRC attracted almost half of the funding from various partners such as the NRF, the Tshwane University of Technology, the Small Enterprise Development Agency and merSETA for the year’s activities all of which contributed to the realisation of the objectives of the research chair during the past financial year.

“A well fed student is an empowered student.”- Support the initiative. Food insecurity was a reality for many TUT students, even before the lockdown. The global COVID-19 outbreak in South Africa has sparked the extension of intervention from the industrial engineering staff to ensure that vulnerable students have access to food relief parcels during this current state of emergency. Food is a critical element of the social compact in higher education. The food support project was initiated in the previous year to assist hungry students, specifically from the engineering faculty. Professor Mpofu (the HOD of Industrial Engineering at that time) collaborated with a TUT Industrial Engineering Alumni to donate food for students who are in need. Since this COVID-19 outbreak, the food project initiatives have grown, assisting over 250 students and it aims to assist at least additional 200 more students as over 400 students have requested food relief. The students that have been reached for assistance stay around Pretoria Central, Soshanguve, Mabopane, Ga-Rankuwa, Mamelodi, Hammanskraal, Atteridgeville and surrounding areas.

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The project is championed by Khumbuzile Mdlalose, a Doctor of Engineering student in the department of Industrial Engineering, with team members Professor Khumbulani Mpofu (GIBELA and SARChI Research Chair); Professor Caroline Khoathane (Assistant Dean in the Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment); Mr. Gift Nenzhelele (Industrial Engineering Head of Department); Mikateko Baloyi (MEng Industrial Engineering student); Pule Sekano (Lecturer Industrial Engineering Department), Tsholofelo Mokolopo (GIBELA Research chair Assistant administrator); Anré Fourie (Lecturer Arts Campus) and Busi Mangani (Financial officer Arts Campus). The team members package and deliver the food parcels to the hungry students at their own expense. On 14 June 2020, a 90 km virtual marathon was organised to raise funds for this programme. The funds raised from this marathon made it possible to assist over 500 less privileged students with food hampers. Each food relief parcel distributed to the hungry students included starch-rich foods (maize meal or pasta), proteinsource foods (soya, baked beans, tinned fish, butter beans, sugar beans and peanut butter), cooking oil, one packet of tea bags, sugar, tomato sauce, chutney sauce and mayonnaise. During the food delivery, COVID-19 regulations / protocols were duly observed, ranging from social distancing to wearing facemasks, and all other associated regulations.

ON 14 JUNE 2020, A 90 KM VIRTUAL M A R AT H O N WA S ORGANISED TO RAISE FUNDS FOR THIS PROGRAMME. THE FUNDS RAISED FROM T H I S M A R AT H O N MADE IT POSSIBLE TO ASSIST OVER 500 LESS PRIVILEGED STUDENTS WITH FOOD HAMPERS.

With such a large number of hungry students requesting food relief parcels, the team faced challenges of an inadequate number of food parcels. There are still large numbers of students who have not yet received food assistance. The TUT staff members are encouraged to make donations of imperishable food items for the hungry students. Contact Khumbuzile Mdlalose on 065 821 2766 or Mdlalosek@tut.ac.za.

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MerSETA CEO WORKSHOP THE DILEMMA O F U N E M P LOY E D G R A D UAT E S :

A WAY

O U T F O R L O N G -T E R M SOLUTIONS On the 27 August 2020, a committee from the Department of Industrial Engineering (IE) at TUT convened an online workshop with merSETA board members (chair in intelligent manufacturing). They debated strategies that the students could adopt to acquire skills and support through an incubation process for job creation. The merSETA Senior Manager in Applied Research & Innovation, Ms Helen Brown expressed her enthusiasm in the virtual reality (VR) technology that the IE Team uses to align the theoretical learning with a virtual experience. The lack of experience for many graduates has been a setback in qualifying for jobs. The use of VR encourages the building of a homegrown solution to the challenges that the country is facing.

He encouraged the university to unlock product development and increase the creation of new technology. Prof. Khumbulani Mpofu agreed with the CEO stating that there is no ecosystem in job creation for graduates. The broader purpose of the activities is to fill that gap by making the components for Gibela rather than buying them from offshore, namely Brazil, would be the localisation concept approach. In closing, Mr Tlhabadira signified that the partnership between merSETA and TUT is on the right path of transformation in taking the youth of South Africa out of unemployment. The incubates should be ready to participate in the development of the South African transport manufacturing capability.

Another aspect that responds to unemployment is incubation and localisation through technology design and component manufacturing. The need for the localisation of components manufacturing has been of great importance during and post Covid-19 pandemic. The government has pressured the automotive sector to increase local content, as transportation becomes a niche market for component manufacturing. The merSETA CEO, Mr Wayne Adams, supported this idea.

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THE FIRST VIRTUAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP WORKSHOP Prof. Mpofu hosted the entrepreneurship workshop on the 30 November 2020 entitled “Making the Leap to Entrepreneurship”. The objective of the workshop was to establish and develop entrepreneurial attitudes, behaviours and skills to explain the role of innovation in the current competitive business environment. The people who are willing to embark on the journey of entrepreneurship benefited from this course. The annual workshop was hosted at Rail Manufacturing Centre for Entrepreneurship Rapid Incubator (RMCERI) incubation hub, Ditsela Place, Jan Shoba Street, Hatfield, Pretoria, 0028. The workshop co-hosted the likes of the management specialist in technology and innovation from Germany, Prof. Gochermann, Chief Directorate of Innovation and Technology; Mr Mtsweni; and technology commercialisation expert, Ms Mosibudi. Owing to the Covid 19 pandemic, only 20 people were allowed to attend the 2nd annual workshop held at Ditsela Place but an unlimited number were allowed to join the Zoom session. The co-hosts encouraged and stimulated the development of entrepreneurship among the audience. The workshop strategically focused on the importance of planning, understanding the business goals, capitalising on opportunities and marketing services. The participation was magnificent as the audience filled the room to engage with co-hosts in a question and answer session.

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Prof. Gochermann noted in the lecture that it is highly recommended that upcoming entrepreneurs have to start small yet continue to study their target audiences. He then added that an entrepreneurial journey is not an easy route. However, as soon as the business begins to make an economic profit, the entrepreneurs must strictly invest in their company. Speaking at the event, Mr Monzambe, the programme cocoordinator, notified the audience that Prof. Gochermann would be available for one on one sessions for four days. Mr Mtsweni, Chief Directorate of Innovation and Technology, delivered a keynote address about the Khoebo Innovation Promotion Programme (KIPP). The objective of the KIPP is to “enable early stage innovation SMMEs to penetrate the market with locally developed innovation resulting in a more competitive economic environment and thereby facilitating economic growth in the South African economy”. He then continued to elaborate on how the programme is designed in the SME Growth Schemes (SMEGS) and grassroots innovator facilitation schemes (GIFTS) to support commercialisation of technology.

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TO FOSTER EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT LEADERSHIP, GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS THAT TRACK AND VALUE CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT, ACCOUNTABILITY FOR RESULTS, AND FAST AND STRATEGIC DECISION-MAKING

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PATHWAYS TO TRANSFORMATION IN ACADEMIA- A STORY OF GENDER on which to share some of the challenges they had experienced in academia and careers. The conversations derived lessons from the role of industry in advancing pathways, particularly with respect to young black women and men as well as the duties of the Research Chairs, in creating career pathways that could provide channels for the transformation of academia. The hosts where joined by a panel of guests consisting of Dr Mgwebi, co-author of the ministerial task team, and Dr Mncono-Liwani, a corporate executive at a heavy engineering company, and Ms Sandi, an aspiring academic who has had to adjust her career significantly given the nomadic nature of her circumstances. PROF K MPOFU AND MS NEDOHE CO-HOSTING THE WEBINAR

Throughout her lifetime, a woman will wear different hats; at some points, she would have to wear multiple hats at once. A woman assumes the role of a mother, a wife, a household manager, a nurturer, amongst many others, all of which are significant roles, which come with great responsibility. It is important that society understands the dynamics of these responsibilities. Where some might perceive the burden of those responsibilities as in capacitators towards the success of other roles they may strive for - in academia and industry careers, others may perceive the ongoing struggles that women face in succeeding - in academia and in their careers- as proof that either ignorance is so deeply imbedded in the system that those challenges are not recognised as a problem which needs a solution, or that there is fault in or absence of mechanisms in academia to support the challenges faced by females in academia. On the 29th of October 2020, Prof. K Mpofu, who serves as the Male Champion at the Women Leadership Forum at the university alongside co-host Ms Mdlalose a doctoral candidate, hosted a webinar which gave women a platform 50

One of the challenges identified was the ‘advancement of women’. Ms Mdlalose highlighted the realities of women in the workplace based on her experience in academia as well as in the manufacturing and service sectors. “The perception that men perform better leads to women having to exert twice the effort for the same job to prove themselves worthy”. She spoke of the cloud women are living under where they constantly try to disprove stereotypes and prove themselves worthy. She then went ahead and echoed concerns about the representation of women in policy affecting panels. Women’s voices need to be heard from a woman in order to make an impact. She posed a question on whether such representation was adequate. Dr Mncono-Liwani elaborated on Gibela’s efforts in driving gender transformation. The staff complement of Gibela comprises 48% of female employees. Dr Mncono-Liwani shed light on how Gibela has managed to strike a gender balance. One of her points was that they considered gender equity in policies and organisational strategy from the outset as the company was still in its infancy. She further elaborated on working with various departments to set targets regarding the number of women they employ. 2020/2021


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Gibela runs a skills development and training initiative where employees with developed skills are selected to be taken to countries with the mandate to gain knowledge and skills in manufacturing and maintaining trains. These skills are acquired from industry experts. Having acquired those skills and knowledge, the employees are then brought back to build, maintain and transfer those skills to young South Africans in manufacturing trains. Dr Mncono-Liwani further elaborated on the scholarship and internship programme that Gibela has setup. She briefed the panel on the partnership that Gibela has with the Government to help redress the wrongs of the past, particularly for black women who have the worst end of the stick. Thus, such a partnership would constitute a deliberate effort to focusing on the upliftment of young black women in South Africa. Ms Sandi focused on some of the challenges faced by many females in academia. The responsibilities that come with assuming different roles at the same time. Ms Sandi spoke of the difficulties of having to persue her studies after relocating with her family while being a mother and fulltime caregiver. The challenges of having to constantly travel in order to meet her postgraduate study requirements raised concerns about whether institutions are doing enough to accommodate the challenges that female students face. Are these challenges being considered in faculties when structuring the postgraduate degree/masters/ doctorate? Participants of the webinar were given a chance to interact with the panel. One striking question that was paced on the table was about the emotional allowance of women in the workplace and the stereotype that it causes. Women are said to be emotional creatures; everyone expresses themselves uniquely. However, often, when a woman cries, she is quickly attached to the typical “weak and fragile” stereotype. The panel expressed concern for the emotional limitations placed on women. Concerns were raised about women unable to be themselves for fear of being stereotyped. Prof. Mpofu noted that everyone expresses themselves differently and should be allowed to do so freely; of course, he cautioned, the workplace is a professional environment and emotional control is an important quality of professionalism. With that being said, if a situation at work brings about tears then perhaps the 2020/2021

work place is the problem. The general stance on tears was that they not only reflect a human quality but they also show the caring and nurturing side of women which is especially important in a successful team; they should be seen as an advantage rather than a weakness. The productivity of women in the workplace is often scrutinised. When employers are faced with a situation where they cannot afford to lose a critical position, there is often a perception that it is a rational justification to select a man as a man will not need maternity leave, and more importantly, would give greater commitment. The fact is that a young woman would most likely need maternity leave at some point. Women are often the primary caregivers of their children and they cannot compete with men who have full time stay-at-home-wives. Women often manage the households as well as become caretakers of their parents. A company might perceive these challenges as reasons why men are better equipped to take on important roles in an organisation, which is why change management is crucial in the transformation of organisational thinking in their culture to realise that these challenges that women face should be managed on a strategic level to accommodate them timeously. Dr Mncono-Liwani noted that the onus is on both men and women to rectify the system to be more inclusive in accommodating women. She noted that women’s issues are too important to be left to women alone. She elaborated on solutions required by industry and institutions to mitigate the challenges that women face and to educate the panel on flexi hours and how that was a possible solution to accommodating women and ensuring that, their productivity is high to achieve work-life balance. “Women need to decide what they want in life, being a housewife is ok and so is working. No one should dictate who or what you need to be. Earn respect and make your contribution to the table.”

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GREENER PASTURES FOR THE GRC PILLAR In September 2020, the Gibela Research Chair (GRC) in Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) held a farewell function for Dr Boitumelo Ramatsetse who had been with the University since 2013. Over the years, he invented a Reconfigurable Vibrating Screen (RVS) together with a brick moulder, he became an industrial and mechanical engineering lecturer and was actively engaged in the establishment of the Rail Manufacturing Centre for the Entrepreneurship Rapid Incubator (RMCERI). He is known for displaying an unwavering selfless and dedicated support that creates a field for academic satiation. Through his mentorship and spirit of sharing, many were uplifted and supported through the intricacies of the academic journey. He carried out difficult tasks effortlessly and continually committed to the success of the team generously, objectively, diligently, sincerely, patiently and above all, with integrity. He is an exemplary researcher and entrepreneur who left the GRC with lessons on teamwork and innovation, importantly to RMCERI he left REDEMA (Pty) Ltd, a commercialisation vehicle that is expected to have a social and economic impact representing the far-reaching influence of his character. The research team, on behalf of the Engineering Faculty in TUT, greatly commends his contribution and recognises his everlasting impact as a remarkable team player. With him, the University of Witwatersrand is bound to excel.

. DR RAMATSETSE AT THE FAIRWELL 52

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TRAINING PROJECTS (TRAINING / COURSES / WORKSHOPS /SEMINARS) SHORT LEARNING PROGRAMMES DEVELOPED The following short learning programs were developed in the period under reporting. Table of Short Learning Programmes (SLP) SLP Name

Description of SLP

Availability

ISO: 9001

Understanding ISO 9001:2015 Quality Management System

Approval Process (TUT)

The purpose - a programme is designed to equip the participants with knowledge and an understanding of all aspects of the ISO 9001:2015 quality management standards by considering the applicable fundamentals namely: Quality management principles, process approach, risk based thinking and the mandatory quality management system requirements. 1. The approved programme has been recommended to serve at faculty & senate structures. 2. The approved programme will focus on an introduction to quality management. 3. The additional two courses will be developed, namely Understanding and implementation ISO 9001:2015 and Lead auditor course. Simulation Plan A

Plan A The Future Work Game

Available

The purpose - This simulation game gives a playful experience of the operating worlds of the future and therefore the opportunities and risks of an old paradigm of operation towards an Industry 4.0 paradigm. The goal is to initiate a method of dialogue regarding concepts of future work. Together, participants discuss topics like industry 4.0, social issues associated with implementing new technology, how leadership needs to deal with developed new technologies, and people development in the context of technological advancements. In light of these circumstances, the players formulate fascinating futures, within the dynamic work processes, while not losing sight of the downsides of the transformations. Thus, potentialities for fulfilment are tested, relations mentioned and opportunities and risks defined and organisations are better prepared for tomorrow.

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ANNUAL GIBELA RESEARCH CHAIR

Data Analysis

Data Analysis with Microsoft Excel

Approval Process (TUT)

The purpose - to equip participants with the necessary skills to perform a complete data analysis using Microsoft Excel. This is a practical guide on how to use Microsoft Excel to conduct a complete business data analysis. Lean Systems

Aligning the Fundamentals of Design Systems Thinking Process to Lean Principles The purpose - To provide fundamental insight into lean enterprise management systems principles. To provide understanding, apply and align fundamentals of design-based systems thinking processes with lean principles of reduced cycle time, for continual lean implementation process improvement. To conceptualise an organising framework to teach workers how to focus on unending waves of change in manufacturing companies, from lean transformation with consequent successes and failures.

ROS Analysis

Implementing Industry 4.0 in Advance Manufacturing using a Robot Operating System Framework

Available https:// www.ticeaf rica. com/w/course s/27-aligning-thefundamentals-ofdesign-systemsthinking-processto-lean-principles

Approval Process (TUT)

The purpose - the face of manufacturing is continuously changing worldwide, thanks to the advancement of intelligent automation tools. The fourth industrial revolution is now here to stay. It embraces artificial intelligence, next generation robotics, additive manufacturing, mobile connectivity, big data, the Internet of Things (IoT), and other components of 4IR. ROS is an open-source, meta-operating system for the robot; it provides the services expected of an operating system: hardware abstraction, low-level device control, implementation of community-used functionality, message passing between processes, and package management. ROS offers tools and libraries for obtaining, budding, writing, and running code across multiple computers; it aids the building of knowledge and technology. This short learning programme is designed to develop much needed ROS skills for adopting appropriate industry 4.0 technologies in advanced manufacturing. The appropriate technology emanating from ROS includes Automated Guided Vehicles (AVGs) for human machine collaboration on the shop floor; Agricultural field robots for weed control, planting and harvesting; warehouse 4.0 technology, and others.

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THE PEOPLE ALL-FEMALE DSI-NRF SARCHI F TMT TEAM RUMBIDZAI MUVUNZI Dr Muvunzi is a postdoctoral fellow in the department of Industrial Engineering. Her research is focused on the application of Additive Manufacturing as an enabling technology for promoting the manufacture of transport equipment parts locally. Dr Muvunzi holds a PhD in Industrial Engineering from Stellenbosch University. Her PhD research was focused on the Application of Additive Manufacturing to improve the efficiency of hot forming tools. She has been involved in international research collaborations and has published her work in accredited journals. Her research interests include advanced manufacturing technologies, simulation and modelling of manufacturing systems. Dr Muvunzi has received awards from the Organisation for Women in Science in the Developing World (OWSD) and the Schlumberger Foundation.

KHUMBUZILE NEDOHE Khumbuzile Nedohe a doctorate student in the Department of Industrial Engineering, where she is perusing her research in using virtual reality to improve ergonomics productivity and quality in manufacturing production facility layout within the rail sector. She has published internationally with some papers still under review. Khumbu has nine years working experience in industrial engineering, both in the service and manufacturing environments and currently, working as a junior lecturer. She is inspired by a Japanese proverb that says “Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher.” By that, she believes that while studying is a crucial aspect of getting an education, examining and internalising information and data will only get you so far. Students long for those rare moments when they can actually connect with their lecturer and learn something that no textbook or website could ever teach them. These are priceless life lessons from someone who has lived through the situations, made the mistakes, and grown as a result of them. Henceforth, Khumbu champions the TUT Food Support Project as she is avidly motivated to serving students

NOKULUNGA ZAMAHLUBI DLAMINI Nokulunga Zamahlubi Dlamini is a master’s student in the department of Industrial Engineering. Her research is focused on the application of virtual reality as a tool for improving work integrated learning. Born and raised in Swaziland, Nokulunga is also a mother and a businessperson. She holds a B Tech in Industrial Engineering from the Vaal University of Technology and has tutoring experience. She is passionate about teaching and encouraging women to never give up in life and always have a positive attitude. 56

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JUNIOR MATLAKALA Junior Matlakala is a master’s student in the department of Industrial Engineering. Her research is focused on the development of a model for growing SMMEs in the railmanufacturing sector into global production networks. She has worked for Nissan SA for six years and the National Research Foundation for 18 months. Junior loves reading and using her engineering expertise to solve socioeconomic challenges in South Africa. As an academic, she aspires to grow in her research career and become a PhD holder. She is also a dedicated Christian.

NEO KEKANA Neo Kekana is a first year doctoral student in Metallurgical Engineering at Tshwane University of Technology. Her thesis is titled “Development of a processing map to produce a high quality aluminium alloy (AlSi12) for the transport industry. She holds a master’s degree in Metallurgy from Tshwane University of Technology. She is an author of an article “Densification behaviour and the effect of heat treatment on microstructure, and mechanical properties of sintered nickel-based alloys”. She is also a part-time tutor at the Department of Chemical, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering.

KGAUGELO MODISE Kgaugelo Modise is a doctorate student in the Department of Industrial Engineering. Her research is focused on the development of models for determining energy consumption and carbon emissions in transport equipment manufacturing. She is also the founder and director of MiEnergy, a company that focuses on Energy Efficiency, Implementation of Energy Management Systems and ISO 9001 Standards. She has won an award for the most innovative product and qualified for the Gauteng Accelerating Programme by Innovation Hub in 2020. She was also shortlisted as semi-finalist from rising stars competition. She has worked as an incubation at Small Enterprise Development Agency (Seda) and as a Technology Station Manager at the University of Johannesburg (UJ).

MIKATEKO NONCEBA BALOYI Mikateko Nonceba Baloyi is a master’s student in the Department of Industrial Engineering. Her research is focused on the development of a framework for Cloud Manufacturing Implementation for SMMES in South Africa. She holds a Bachelor of Technology and National Diploma in Industrial Engineering from Tshwane University of Technology. In her journey as a student, she has been part of the SAIIE student chapter. She is a dedicated, ambitious and hardworking individual. She is also an entrepreneur and an innovator. Mikateko is the director of Khalanga Alu and Projects whose core business is to fabricate aluminium windows and doors. She also actively participates in community outreach programmes aimed at empowering women and youth. 2020/2021

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BEGINNING OF A NEW CHAPTER OF MY LIFE AT RMCERI It all began on the 7th of January 2021, when my team did a presentation to a Tech-a-thon competition. I am proud to say that the preparations, efforts, moment of brilliance and commitment that our team made paid off. I appreciate the time and opportunity that the management of the organisation gave to me and my team and, furthermore, the faith and trust in my team. For the first time, it felt amazing and real; it was a great feeling to be part of something so amazing and to start a presentation from nothing to something that could potentially change the livelihood of people for the better. It was just a presentation but it became more than a presentation after going through it when I had a broad view about virtual technical training for appropriate technology.

challenges and further research in this field. I know that we are more than capable of delivering anything that is required or needed in the market. It is a great pleasure to work with the team and appreciate the knowledge, skills and expertise learned from one another within the team, including the supervisors and mentors. I would like to thank my team, supervisor, mentors and the institution or organisation for giving us such platform on which to exercise and execute our skills and to gain more knowledge, skills and expertise to shape the world of technology.

On the 8th of January 2021, as we were waiting anxiously for the result or outcome of the presentation that took place on the 7th of January 2021, that moment before the outcome made me realise that the outcome of the presentation really did not matter but the effort that went into the presentation (research, time, creativity, etc.) mattered and counted a lot and the fact that we are capable of pulling through this already made us the best. We received the results between 17H00 – 18H00 when they announced that we had won the third position; it felt so amazing. The feeling was great and it reminded us that we more than capable to do anything and I mean anything if we apply our minds to it. We had won R9 000.00 for the organisation. This was the beginning of the new chapter in my life and the rest of the team. We are looking forward to new

MS MPHEPHU MUTALI A SACGRA INTERN AND THE VIRTUAL REALTY ENVIRONMENT SHE DEVELOPED

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INTERNS AND EXPERENTIAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR YOUNG WOMEN IN ENGINEERING

PROF MPOFU AND THE POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWS, (DR RUMBIDZAI MUVUNZI IS MISSING)



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