European Trainer - July - September 2016 - issue 54

Page 1



Mick APPLEBY Going places fast

Special report

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GILES ANDERSON Going places fast


HE above three words best describe our cover trainer profile on Mick Appleby. I doubt that he is yet a household name outside of his native shores but his rise through the training ranks over the last six years has been remarkable. His stables aren’t filled with six-figure yearlings; instead, Appleby has made his mark with a healthy supply of other trainers “castoffs” and a true horseman’s intuition, mixed with a measure of hard graft. The results, as they say, speak for themselves. Another trainer who receives recognition in this issue has also just made his mark with a decent “castoff.” Our TRM Trainer of the Quarter Adrian Keatley’s 12,000-guinea purchase Jet Setting, out of the Tattersalls Horses in Training Sale, managed to beat probably the best three-year-old filly of her generation, Minding, in a hotly contested Tattersalls Irish 1000 Guineas in late May. Some performance it was! But as any trainer who starts “going places fast” will tell you, one of the hardest business aspects to manage is staffing. Recruiting staff to racing is becoming harder and the spread of skilled employees between employers is thinning. The reasons may be plentiful but the bottom line is that if racing is to grow it must be in tandem with an engaged and valued workforce. This may well result in a change in industry working patterns and “out of the box” thinking but at the root of this, surely the sport must be selling itself as being able to offer a career rather than a job. Look at any other industry, where enhanced training is given in many instances, often through some form of longterm apprenticeship. You could say, kind of like how it used to be in the racing industry. Over the next couple of issues, this is a subject we will examine in further detail, as the issue of not only staff recruitment but staff retention is a recurring area of concern for trainers across Europe. Within these pages, we learn about some of the “out of the box” ideas that leading US-based trainer Wesley Ward has for his staff recruitment and training, and that’s in addition to learning about the role that Shelley Perham will undertake on behalf of the British National Trainers’ Federation. Thomas O’Keeffe gives us the results of a study he has conducted on respiratory disease in young thoroughbreds, which makes for some interesting reading. With the advances of science, it has undoubtedly become easier to identify the nature of the different respiratory disorders, but I wonder what can be done, longer term, to reduce instances of inflammatory airway disease. Has a greater study been conducted in major training centres around the world to see if this is a shared problem? Perhaps that is a subject we will come back to in the future. But until our next issue is published at the end of September, good luck wherever your racing may take you! ■

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Message from the Chair



HE floods followed a few days of unrest across France which were brought about due to the proposed changes in labour laws. Thankfully, racing hasn’t been impacted greatly by the unrest, although it was proving difficult to get sufficient fuel supplies during the worst of the industrial action. I am pleased that the media will now have something positive to focus on in France – the European Football Championships. For us here in Chantilly, we are playing host to the England football team and from what I understand, a couple of the English players are indeed keen racehorse owners – so you never know who we might meet on the gallops over the next few weeks! But when these players make it onto the pitch to compete, they will be playing to the same rules as they do when they play in England or anywhere else around the world. Perhaps if I ever do meet them on the gallops, I can remind them as to how this is so different in racing across Europe. Imagine if we ever had a European Racing Championship. Which rules would we be playing to? Would the Norwegian jockeys be using their regulated

It’s been a testing few days in Paris and for once it hasn’t been racing politics that has dominated my thoughts. Many parts of the city are inaccessible due to flooding, and racing at Maisons-Laffitte is unlikely to resume now until the autumn. 50cm whip whilst their Irish counterparts be able to use their 68cm regulated whip, and would the Swedish jockey stop using the whip after five strikes whilst their German counterparts get an extra two? Or as a trainer, what would happen if I wanted to declare my horse with blinkers two days before the race but my Belgian counterpart couldn’t, as he had to declare three days before the race? I know that my arguments are all hypothetical but what they show is how some of the very basic rules of European racing are so different from country to country. Surely if we all followed the same set of basic rules then the whole industry would become so much easier to monitor and understand. I have been greatly encouraged by the work done by different sales houses across the world over the past few years to have a uniformed medication policy for horses presented at sales. This has helped make the buying and selling of horses much more transparent, and if different commercial interests can do it, then surely so can our racing authorities. We really do all need to pull together and go forward in the same direction for the benefit of the racing industry. ■

I have been greatly encouraged by the work done by different sales houses across the world over the past few years to have a uniformed medication policy for horses presented at sales





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Issue 54


Mick Appleby

Profile on the British trainer who keeps producing winners, by Chris Dixon.


Management of respiratory disease

Dr Thomas O’Keeffe on a respiratory disease study he has undertaken.


Staff recruitment and retention The challenges of procuring good and capable staff, by Lissa Oliver.


EquiBioSafe: keeping horses safe from infection Professor Celia Marr and Dr Clive Hamblin report on an app that helps to manage disease health.


State of the art travel

The modernisation of equine transport, by Lissa Oliver.

Influencing the fortunes of our racing industries

The state of the health of horseracing across European and Mediterranean regions, by Dr Paull Khan.


International horse movements

Dr Morgane Dominguez, Dr Susan Münstermann, and Dr Peter Timoney on disease risks with international equine travel.


Merial CPD Raceday

Dr Rhiannon Morgan reports from the scene of the recent seminar.




ETF members


TRM Trainer of the Quarter


Course to Course


Point of View


Product Focus

Dr Catherine Dunnett with the latest on gastric ulcers and how nutrition can make a difference.

Stakes Schedules

Gut feeling




86 89

KNIFE EDGE leads home a

1-2 for BBAG Graduates in the Group 2 German 2000 Guineas, with DEGAS a close second.

Sales Dates 2016 Premier Yearling Sales: Friday, 2nd September 2016

October Mixed Sales Friday, 21st October and Saturday, 22nd October 2016

CONTRIBUTORS Chris Dixon is a horseracing form analyst and TV pundit, regularly seen on the leading racing channel Racing UK. Chris also manages two small racing partnerships and has enjoyed over 20 winners as a part-owner since 2013.

Editorial Director/Publisher Giles Anderson Editor Frances Karon Designer Neil Randon

Editorial/Photo Management Eleanor Yateman Advertising Sales Giles Anderson, Oscar Yeadon Photo Credits Fiona Boyd, EMHF, Foxy Horseboxes, Amy Green, Horsephotos, Frances J Karon, Jockey Club of Turkey, Celia Marr, Steven Martine, Barbara Murphy - Equilume, Thomas O’Keeffe, Lissa Oliver, Shutterstock, George Smith Horseboxes Cover Photograph Amy Green

Trainer Magazine is published by Anderson & Co Publishing Ltd. This magazine is distributed for free to all ETF members. Editorial views expressed are not necessarily those of the ETF. Additional copies can be purchased for £6.95 (ex P+P). No part of this publication may be reproduced in any format without the prior written permission of the publisher. Printed in the European Union For all editorial and advertising enquiries please contact: Anderson & Co Publishing Ltd Tel: +44 (0)1380 816777 Fax: +44 (0)1380 816778 email: Issue 54


Dr Morgane Dominguez is a veterinary epidemiologist experienced in the field of disease surveillance, alert and response at national and international levels. She joined the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) in 2014 to work on the development of the “high health, high performance”(HHP) horse concept. Dr Catherine Dunnett BSc, PhD, R.Nutr. is an independent nutritionist registered with the British Nutrition Society. She has a background in equine research, in the field of nutrition and exercise physiology, with many years spent at The Animal Health Trust in Newmarket. Prior to setting up her own consultancy business, she worked in the equine feed industry on product development and technical marketing. Dr Paull Khan PhD. is an international horseracing consultant. He is SecretaryGeneral of the European & Mediterranean Horseracing Federation and Technical Advisor for Europe to the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities. His other clients include the British Horseracing Board. Previously, Dr Khan held many senior roles at Weatherbys, including Banking Director and Racing Director. Professor Celia Marr is Editorin-chief of Equine Veterinary Journal and also works as a Specialist in Equine Internal Medicine, based at Rossdales Equine Hospital and Diagnostic Centre in Newmarket. Celia has published on a wide range of equine medical problems and is particularly interested in equine heart disease and intensive care.

Dr Rhiannon Morgan PhD MRCVS is a Senior Clinical Training Scholar in Large Animal Veterinary Diagnostic Imaging at the Royal Veterinary College, London, UK. Prior to this, she completed an HBLB funded PhD focusing on equine osteoarthritis, and has worked as an equine ambulatory veterinary surgeon with a special interest in equine orthopaedics and diagnostic imaging, which originated from an internship based at the Animal Health Trust, Newmarket. Dr Susanne Münstermann joined the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) in 2011 and works on the development of the “high health, high performance”(HHP) horse concept. Prior to working for OIE, Dr Münstermann has worked for other international organisations, mainly in Africa, in the field of livestock development and disease control. Dr Thomas O’Keeffe is a graduate of University College Dublin, working in Ocala, Florida. He worked for Rossdales and Partners in Newmarket, UK as a member of their ambulatory racing veterinary team and in their hospital facility. He was also an associate with Scone Equine Hospital, Australia, as resident veterinary surgeon for Darley’s Kildangan Stud in Ireland and worked in Lexington, Kentucky with Dr Ruel Cowles, DVM. Lissa Oliver lives in Co Kildare, Ireland and is a regular contributor to The Irish Field and the Australian magazine, Racetrack. Lissa is also the author of several collections of short stories and two novels. Dr Peter Timoney, a native of Dublin, Ireland, has specialised in infectious diseases of horses since 1972. He is currently Professor and holder of the Frederick Van Lennep Chair in Equine Veterinary Science at the University of Kentucky’s Maxwell H. Gluck Equine Research Center, Lexington, Kentucky.

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EFT REPS ISSUE 54_Jerkins feature.qxd 17/06/2016 00:58 Page 1

EUROPEAN TRAINERS’ FEDERATION AIMS and OBJECTIVES of the ETF: a) To represent the interests of all member trainers’ associations in Europe. b) To liaise with political and administrative bodies on behalf of European trainers. c) To exchange information between members for the benefit of European trainers. d) To provide a network of contacts to assist each member to develop its policy and services to member trainers.

ETF REPRESENTATIVES Chairmanship: Criquette Head-Maarek (France) Tel: +33 (0)3 44 57 25 39 Fax: +33 (0)3 44 57 58 85 Email:

Vice Chairmanship:

Vice Chairmanship:


Max Hennau (Belgium) Tel: +32 (0) 474 259 417 Fax: +32 (0) 81 566 846 Email:

Christian von der Recke (Germany) Tel: +49 (022 54) 84 53 14 Fax: +49 (022 54) 84 53 15 Email:

Michael Grassick (Ireland) Tel: +353 (0) 45 522981 Mob: +353 (0) 87 2588770 Fax: + 353 (0) 45 522982 Email:



Mrs Živa Prunk Tel: +38640669918 Email:


Jaroslav Brecka Email:


Geert van Kempen Email:



Mauricio Delcher Sanchez Tel: +34 (0) 666 53 51 52 Email:

Roman Vitek Tel: +42 (0) 567 587 61 Fax: +42 (0) 567584 733 Email:

Annike Bye Hansen Email:

GERMANY Erika Mäder Tel: +49 (0) 2151 594911 Fax: +49 (0) 2151 590542 Email:


SWEDEN NORTH UNITED KINGDOM Rupert Arnold Tel: +44 (0) 1488 71719 Fax: +44 (0) 1488 73005 Email:

Livia Prem Email: ISSUE 54

SWEDEN SOUTH Jessica och Padraig Long Email: 8

Julian McLaren Tel: +46 (0) 709 234597 Email:

EFT REPS ISSUE 54_Jerkins feature.qxd 17/06/2016 00:58 Page 2

Adrian Keatley, left, celebrates Jet Setting’s victory in the Tattersalls Irish 1000 Guineas with jockey Shane Foley and connections

Trainer of the Quarter


The TRM Trainer of the Quarter award has been won by Adrian Keatley. Adrian and his team will receive a selection of products from the internationally-acclaimed range of TRM supplements, as well as a bottle of fine Irish whiskey. WORDS: OSCAR YEADON PHOTO: ALAIN BARR




N only his second full season as a trainer, Adrian Keatley recorded the greatest win of his career when Equinegrowthpartners Syndicate’s Jet Setting upset the formbook to land the Tattersalls Irish 1000 Guineas from the long odds-on favourite, Minding. The victory was one that has thrust horse and trainer into the spotlight. After all, it was only in 2014 that Keatley started with a clutch of low-grade horses in his first yard at Dunlavin, which he rented from fellow trainer Peter McCreery. Keatley travelled his runners far and wide in order to get those important early wins under his belt, and the results soon came in. After a success at Ayr with Carraroe Flyer in the summer of 2014, Keatley teamed up with John Kilbride, with whom he formed syndicates to purchase bloodstock. Jet Setting, a daughter of Fast Company, was one such purchase, bought for 12,000gns by Keatley and Kilbride at the Tattersalls Horses-In-Training Sale in October 2015. She had been placed twice but was winless in her four starts for Richard Hannon. A month later, Keatley sent his new acquisition to France for her stable debut in the seven-furlong Listed Prix Herod at Chantilly. Jet Setting finished a good

third behind subsequent Poule d’Essai des Pouliches winner La Cressonniere, who had won at Listed level on her debut the time before. Connections’ primary aim of picking up some black type with Jet Setting was accomplished, but perhaps the most significant aspect of the Chantilly result was that she had run her best race to that point, having clearly relished her first experience of testing ground. That finding was reinforced when she returned to action this season and comfortably lost her maiden tag at Cork, where she stepped up to a mile for the first time. Jet Setting’s easy win at Cork was achieved despite the potential distraction of Keatley moving to a new yard on the Curragh in February. It also encouraged the trainer to aim his filly’s sights higher, and two weeks later she rose to the challenge to beat a decent field in the Group 3 1000 Guineas Trial at Leopardstown. Among those finishing behind the rapidly improving winner were the Futurity Stakes runner-up Now Or Never and Alice Springs, who had finished third to Minding in the Moyglare Stakes and second in the Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies’ Turf. Although her impressive Trial success justified a tilt at the Qipco 1000 Guineas


in Newmarket, the ground was good and Jet Setting was bumped entering the final furlong. She finished ninth, beaten just over eight lengths by the 120-rated winner Minding, 14lb her superior. However, Keatley was increasingly confident of his filly’s ability when getting her ground. He had been considering the German 1,000 Guineas, but he and connections instead paid the €30,000 supplementary entry fee for the Irish race, and the weather pleasingly obliged. Jet Setting rewarded her trainer’s confidence and turned tables with Minding, winning by a head. The third-placed horse was 10 lengths behind the first two home. Minding convincingly returned to winning ways in the Epsom Oaks next time out, franking the Guineas form. Rated 121 following her Oaks win, Minding is only 1lb higher than the much-improved Jet Setting. In the space of six months, including a winter break, Keatley has improved Jet Setting by 35lb, a remarkable feat given her ordinary form as a two-year-old. Barely more than three weeks after her landmark Classic win, Jet Setting sold for £1.3m at the Goffs London Sale, and it was entirely fitting that her new owners China Horse Club have chosen for her to remain in Keatley’s care. n





COURSE TO COURSE A look at stories in the news from racecourses across the globe.

Major weight-for-age changes for 2016 Melbourne Cup Carnival SigNifiCaNt changes to the Melbourne Cup Carnival program in 2016 will see enhancements for horses wishing to compete in the weight-for-age races across the australian Spring Racing Carnival. the 2000m (ten furlong) weight-forage Mackinnon Stakes will be renamed the Emirates Stakes and be run a week later on the Carnival’s final day, with prize money to double to aUD$2m (€1.53m). as a result of this move, the former Emirates Stakes becomes the Longines Mile (1600m / 8f Quality Handicap) and moves forward one week to the Melbourne Cup Carnival’s opening aaMi Victoria Derby Day, maintaining its aUD$1m €650,000) prize money. the final day of the Melbourne Cup Carnival will continue to be known as Emirates Stakes Day. this significant change allows middle distance weight-for-age horses to run in the aUD$3.05m William Hill Cox Plate then in the aUD$2m Emirates Stakes (formerly Mackinnon) two weeks later to vie for a total of aUD$5.05m (€3.3m) in prize money on offer between the two group 1 races. Moonee Valley Racing Club covers travelling expenses for invited international Cox Plate runners, making this a lucrative

opportunity for quality weight-forage horses to travel to australia and earn significant prize money. Refer to for full conditions for these international invitations. across 78 days from 3rd September to 19th November the australian Spring Racing Carnival takes in many quality races, but is internationally recognised for three group 1 jewels – the BMW Caulfield Cup, the William Hill Cox Plate and the Emirates Melbourne Cup. the aUD$3.15m BMW Caulfield Cup – the world’s richest 2400m handicap – is

popular with international horses and has proven a successful target in recent years. New Zealand’s Mongolian Khan won the race in 2015, with Japan’s admire Rakti claiming it in 2014 and french star Dunaden in 2012. the final of the ‘big three’ is the aUD$6.2 million Emirates Melbourne Cup – a 3200m/16f handicap run at australia’s most famous racecourse, flemington. Dubbed ‘the race that stops a nation™’, it garners the type of public support most feature races can only dream of, with crowds in excess of 100,000.

Prize money on the up at the Breeders’ Cup FOR the first time in ten years, prize money on offer at the 2016 Breeders’ Cup World Championships will be on the up. An extra $1m is being added to the prize money funds for both the Breeders’ Cup Classic (Gr1) and the Breeders’ Cup Turf (Gr1) taking purses for each race to $6m and $4m respectively. What’s more, entry fees for both key races have been capped to just 2.5% of prize money on offer. This means the cost of competing in North America’s richest dirt race will be $150,000 and in the turf equivalent just $100,000. But if your horse happens to win one of the 80 “win and you’re in” races staged around the world in the build up to the 2016 Breeders’ Cup World Championships, all your entry fees for the division that your horses can compete 12


in will be covered by The Breeders’ Cup – subject to the horse being nominated correctly to the Breeders’ Cup fund prior to entry deadline on the 24th October.

In addition, each international starter will receive a travel allowance of up to $40,000 to cover the costs of getting to Santa Anita on the 4th and 5th November 2016. Prize money on all races this year will be paid down to eighth place, with sixth to eighth place finishers each receiving 1% of the purse money. Owners of each horse are being looked after in a new way this year, with The Breeders’ Cup giving an accommodation allowance of $1500 per horse which can be shared between multiple owners if needs be. Breeders’ Cup International Executive, Josh Christian, will be based in Europe this summer and can be contacted on 001 859 494 5419 to discuss enhancements for the 2016 meeting.

Stockholm Cup prize money increase the 2016 edition of the gp3 Stockholm Cup has received a massive increase in prize money and will be run at the new Bro Park racecourse on 11th September for a total prize money pot of SEK1,400,000, making it one of the most valuable gp3 races in Europe. the increase is thanks to the funds that Svensk gallop have been able to plough into prize money due in part to the sale of taby Racecourse. the Stockholm Cup is the headline race on a program tabbed as the festival Of Swedish Racing which features three Listed races, two handicaps and an open SEK200,000 two-

year-old race – to be run as a level-weights contest. the new Bro Park racecourse, which opened in mid-June, will stage racing on approximately 40 days per year and will feature races on both its turf and dirt track. Races are set to be simulcast through SiS in the UK and ireland as well as on the Sky racing platform in australia and New Zealand. trainers will also be benefitting from the use of two additional training tracks, one of which is a woodchip gallop. in total, 280 boxes are available at a complex three times the size of taby.

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tHE 2016 renewal of Longines irish Champions Weekend sees further prize-money increases across seven of the races, bringing the total prize fund over the two days to €4.5 million. the group 1 QiPCO irish Champion Stakes at Leopardstown on Saturday, 10th September is now the jointfourth highest-rated race on the international calendar and will be worth €1.25m in 2016, an increase of €150,000 on last year. initial entries for both the QiPCO irish Champion Stakes and the Palmerstown House Estate irish St Leger, the feature races on Longines

irish Champions Weekend at Leopardstown and the Curragh on Saturday, September 10th and Sunday, 11th September, 2016, have shown an increase on last year and feature representatives from great Britain, germany, france and Japan. Roger Varian’s Postponed, time test, trained by Roger Charlton and Kevin Ryan’s 2014 winner the grey gatsby head 28 British entries for the QiPCO irish Champion Stakes. in all, there are 17 group or grade 1 winners among the initial entry of 63 horses. five races at the Curragh on Sunday, 11th September have also been raised in value. the group 2 Derrinstown Stud flying five will be run at the group 1 value of €250,000. Both the group 1 Moyglare Stud Stakes and the goffs Vincent O’Brien National Stakes have been increased from €300,000 to €350,000, while the group 1 Palmerstown House Estate irish St. Leger has increased to €400,000 and the tattersalls ireland Super auction Sales Stakes has increased by €50,000 to €300,000. the group 1 races on Longines irish Champions Weekend second stage entries will close on the 3rd august, while the entries for the four €150,000 handicaps will close on the 24th august.

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06/06/2016 ISSUE 54 TRAINERMAGAZINE.COM 13 13:37


POINT OF VIEW Rowbottom emphasises the need for highly skilled grassland management

A reader responds to an article in issue 53 of European Trainer on the contribution of forage to a horse’s diet.


WRITE with regard to a very interesting and informative article in the latest edition of European Trainer on fibre feeds and their place in equine nutrition. Unfortunately I could find no reference to dried grass, which is readily available throughout the UK from many sources. This product is perhaps potentially the best of all the options for high quality fibre feeds if fed in the most beneficial way. The product I am referring to is known simply as high temperature dried grass and is normally produced by cutting grasses which would usually be made up of various varieties like tall fescue, ryegrass, ryegrass hybrids and meadow fescues x tall fescue hybrids (festuloliums). The product is produced by highly skilled grassland management. Being cut four to five



times per year, left in the field for 24 hours to lose moisture then high temperature dried. The end product must have high nutritional value because the drying process is expensive. It is normally extremely palatable with a lovely smell produced by the high temperature drying. Microbiologically it is extremely clean due to the high temperature process (flash drying) resulting in a product with 90% dry matter. It is highly digestible due to the cutting regime. It is usually chopped to approximately 2050mm length and packed in 15-20kg bales and it will keep for more than a year if it is kept dry. To quote the previous article “there is yet more scope for increasing the contribution made by forage for horses in training and reducing concentrate feeds still further.” I wholeheartedly agree with these sentiments and high temperature dried grass is exactly the right type of product to do just that. Quoting the previous article again “It would be imperative to be able to consistently source forage which has a sufficiently high feed value and digestibility.” Again high temperature dried grass absolutely fits these requirements. The way this product should be used is to mix it with the hard feed and replace a proportion of that hard feed. This increases high quality fibre intake, reduces hard feed and slows down the eating time of the hard feed. This type of product can replace all forage but would become, in most circumstances, too expensive. It can be left available overnight in varying quantities or used when travelling. I have fed my horses (thoroughbred mares, foals, youngstock) for many years on a diet of high temperature dried grass. On occasion

high temperature dried grass has been the only forage fed, particularly with foals and youngstock. I have a mare in training at the moment, her name is Raised On Grazeon (high temperature dried grass). She has run three times in bumpers coming second twice and fourth. Once again I can only concur with the previous article about “missed opportunity.” The missed opportunity of reducing low nutrient dense fibres, often of indeterminate quality, hay/haylage/silage and dense, finely ground feed pellets (gastric ulcers) and replacing with high temperature dried grass. High temperature dried grass will be of high energy value because of the growth stage at which it is cut. It will contain 10-14% protein and it is repeatable consistently. The production of this fibre feed is not reliant on the weather as it is cut and dried on a strict routine over a six-month period and artificially flash dried in a large scale professional production process (systems which only stop in the very worst weather). The racing industry simply doesn’t take the product seriously enough or is not fully aware of its possibilities. I draw reference again to the article in the April-June magazine, page 38. The paragraph on “Haylage has a growing following.” I recommend re-reading that and “Forage Feeds” whilst bearing in mind the exciting possibilities if you were to introduce high temperature dried grass into any of these regimes. It meets and indeed exceeds most of the requirements needed. It is one of the most natural, nutritious, safe, palatable equine feed products on the market. It is not cheap, but neither are thoroughbreds. ■ J R ROWBOTTOM, NORTHERN CROP DRIERS





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14/03/2016 15:10


MICK APPLEBY Proving patience pays off







The results are impressive. The surroundings less so. Michael “Mick” Appleby’s rise through the training ranks in recent seasons has been steep. To many it may have been a surprise, but not to the man himself. “I’ve known for a long time that I’d be able to train. I was never going to be much of a jockey, but I knew I would be able to train winners,” he says. WORDS: CHRIS DIXON PHOTOS: AMY GREEN


INNERS are what Appleby is all about. He’s fast approaching the 400 mark, well over half of of which have been sent out since the start of 2014. Last year he saddled 100 winners in a calendar year for the first time. “I get a buzz out of having winners. When that buzz stops, I’ll stop. It’s a lot of hassle, but the winners make it worth it,” he laughs. Appleby is busy organising the work board for the six lots that are soon to head out for exercise. He’s perched on an old office chair he picked up from one owner, behind a desk he commandeered from another. The sofa next to his desk has seen better days but still does the job. Many of the horses in his care mirror that profile. Is that through choice or necessity? The answer is both. “When you start out you need to get winners to get noticed. I didn’t have a big budget to buy horses so I thought the best way to do that was to pick up horses that have shown ability but maybe seem to have lost it,” he reflects. “Once they’ve shown they have ability not

Appleby in his office with Grace



all of them lose it, it’s about finding the ones you think still have it.” The list of horses to have their enthusiasm rekindled or form taken to a new level since joining Appleby is quite remarkable. First lot features Supersta, a £4,500 purchase at Doncaster HIT Sales in September. Rated 62 at the time, Supersta now boasts a rating of 96 following six wins since his arrival eight months ago. “The owners asked me to go and look at him. I liked the look of his profile and could see he’d had back problems, he looked a bit sour and depressed. I liked him though and he was cheap so we took a punt. He needed a lot of physio and it was just a case of sweetening him up and giving him confidence. I could see the ability was there not long after we got him, but getting him to show it took a few months,” he recalls. When speaking about his success with horses picked up from other yards, Appleby regularly refers to “sweetening up” and “getting confidence,” and much of what he does is in an attempt to gain those undefinable elements. “I just try to sweeten them up, I look for problems and try to sort them out. When new horses arrive I try to

get everything checked, their back and joints mainly, but their teeth as well. A lot of the horses I get have quite a lot of physio at first. If they’re hurting they’re not going to be able to give their best and they won’t be happy. Lots of them are a bit sour, bored probably, just like people who have to do the same thing every day get fed up, so do horses. I often turn them out in a field for a few days when they get here, just a short rest can really help them. The change of routine, the change of scenery, all those things can make a difference.” As for confidence? “You can’t really give them confidence and once they’ve lost it some horses will never get it back, but if they’re happy and enjoying themselves and you look after them they can gain it themselves. Often it just takes time,” he adds. As the final work pairings are decided, the staff begin to filter in, and Appleby has already been on the go for two hours. “I start at 5am and give them their first feed. I like to do that myself, it’s the best time of day to get to know them, see how they are and whether or not they’re relaxed and getting their rest. Getting enough sleep and rest is important for them, you can’t get the best out of them unless they’ve had their rest. I like to go around and look at them all first thing, I see if they’ve eaten up from yesterday, see how they look, see what they’re doing. Sometimes you’ll notice them stood at the back of the box staring at the wall. That tells me they’re a bit down and depressed, so I just try to freshen them up a bit, give them a few days


You want a gallop to have a steady incline on it, not too steep though, that blunts their speed and can give them back and pelvis problems

Denis Woodward, Appleby’s assistant trainer

in the field, turn them out a bit more often, maybe move them into a different box and see if they change. If they haven’t eaten up I need to know why. Maybe something needs to be changed. First thing in the morning is when I can see all of those things. It’s important to notice all of that.” Despite the growing number of horses in his stable, Appleby is managing to keep focussed on the attention to detail that has helped make his career thus far a success. “It was easier when I only had 30 or 40 horses and there weren’t six lots every day,” he says, “and there’s some things we don’t have as much time to do now like we did before, like regularly taking them for a hack through the woods, but if I think they might need a bit of freshening up, we can still do it.” Maintaining that attention to detail isn’t easy, though; it requires hard work and dedication on the part of the trainer, who admits to not being the best delegator. “It’s easier to do it myself, then I know it’s been done properly,” he jokes, looking across at some of the staff who are tucking into the array of chocolate biscuits left on the table whilst also noting who they are set to ride in the next lot. “I’ve got a good team, they work hard, my head lad [Niall Nevin] is very good. He’s maybe a bit quiet, but so am I, we manage to get things done and seem to

Danzeno gave Appleby his first Group level success in 2014

be doing okay,” he notes, giving his staff the praise they deserve but rarely hear. “You’ve got to keep them on their toes, so you can’t give them too much praise,” he laughs. Quite shy and reserved by nature, Appleby rarely makes himself the centre of attention unless surrounded by those who know him well. Lavishing praise on his staff or barking out loud orders isn’t his manner, and it’s not hard to notice he seems happiest when there’s not too many people around and he has time with his horses. “I think I prefer horses to people, they’re easier to deal with,” he says, again chuckling, but projected with just enough realism to know he means it. The atmosphere in his yard is, like the trainer, quiet and relaxed. “I want the horses

to be calm. They have to rest and relax after their work, you’ll often see them sleeping in the afternoon before evening stables, and after that I don’t really want them being disturbed again.” He adds, “You have to keep them warm; if you don’t they use up energy keeping themselves warm and you can’t get any condition on them.” A strong Yorkshire accent gives a clue to his roots, born and raised in a tough working-class area of Barnsley, and hard work isn’t something he’s shy of. Appleby and a selection of his team recently re-laid the whole of their one-mile gallop, steadily shifting tonnes of new carpet-fibre surface by the bucketload and spreading it evenly on top of the old all-weather surface. “It ISSUE 54 TRAINERMAGAZINE.COM



had just got worn out. It’s much better now than it was, it’s a safe and consistent surface with plenty of cushion in it. I call it the ‘magic carpet,’” he laughs. His magic carpet stretches for one mile, steadily climbing from the bottom of the hill, bending slightly left handed, and levelling off just after the horses begin to pull up towards the end of their work. “It’s a very good gallop, almost perfect,” he notes. “You want a gallop to have a steady incline on it, not too steep though, that blunts their speed and can give them back and pelvis problems, but steep enough to make it hard enough work.” He believes the balance between enough work and not asking the horses to do too much is a fine one, but it’s one that he seems to have found. “My horses aren’t hammered at home. I don’t want them to race in their work, I like to keep them on the bridle. I don’t need to see how far one can beat another or how much ground it can make up on a lead horse. I just want to see how easily they can do their work.” As the horses pass there is rarely more than half a length between the workmates. “I don’t like to see horses getting beaten at home, it sours them, how would you feel if you got beat every day?” Appleby’s horses are renowned for responding well to pressure and not being easy to pass. “They’re fit but haven’t had 20


I don’t like to see horses getting beaten at home, it sours them, how would you feel if you got beat every day?

everything taken out of them at home. By keeping them upsides in their work they don’t think they are beaten, they get used to having the mental pressure of a horse next to them. I think that probably helps,” he states. Balance is also something he likes to see in his staff. “I’m not too bothered about how much they weigh, as long as they can ride. A light rider can sit heavy on a horse. It’s more about them being well balanced. The heavier ones wouldn’t ride a young or weak horse, but they can ride the older ones, and sometimes it helps to put the heavier rider on the better horse in their work, that way it levels things out a bit.” From his vantage point next to the gallop Appleby watches as a steady flow of horses coast past. “I want to see how they use themselves, check that they’re moving right and listen to their breathing,” he says. After

the last pair stream by he strides across the field to see them again as they walk back to the yard, gaining further vital snippets of information. “I’m looking to see how they’ve taken the work, if they’re blowing? If they are, they need more work. Do they look fresh? I want them bouncing after exercise, that’s when they’re ready to run again. If they look flat they need more time, maybe a break. I want to know what the riders think as well, how are they moving? How did they feel?” Second lot features stable star Danzeno, who gave the trainer his first Group level success in Newcastle’s Group 3 Betfred TV Chipchase Stakes in 2014, but who unlike many of his stablemates has been trained by Appleby since day one. “The owners bred him and he came to me out of a field. We broke him in and have done all of the work with him. He was quite backward but a lot easier than his half-sister Demora, she was hard work. But all that work you put in makes it even more satisfying when they win.” Demora secured black type when landing the Listed Whitsbury Manor Stud & EBF Stallions Lansdown Fillies Stakes at Bath earlier this year, and it’s a family the stable has done well with. “The similarity is that they are both good, but they are very different types. I’ve got another half-sister by First Trump who’s soon ready to run. She’s more like Demora was, a bit nuts, but she’ll


be okay, I’ve just had to take my time with her. Horses shouldn’t be rushed”. Patience is his mantra when it comes to young horses, and it’s a philosophy he doesn’t want to stray from. “The owners I have don’t go buy loads of horses at the yearling sales every year. When they buy a young horse they want it to have a career. I know I’m going to have to train that horse as a four- and five-year-old, so I can’t afford to rush. If they’re ready then fine, but most of mine aren’t early types, and if you rush them you just cause problems later on. Lots of horses get ruined as two-year-olds, most of their problems stem from being asked to do too much before they’re ready for it, not just physically but mentally as well.” When Danzeno broke his maiden second time out at Redcar in October of 2013, he was only the fifth juvenile winner for his trainer, and though a further six have followed, the relative a lack of two-year-old winners has perhaps led to a belief that Appleby can’t train youngsters to deliver early in their career. “Lots of mine are very green first time out, but that’s 22


Above: Horses from Appleby’s yard being exercised. Appleby, left, likes to see how they take to work and values his riders’ opinions

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because of the way I have to work them at the moment. You need a grass gallop to educate them properly at home. I’m working on getting one so that I can work them in bigger groups, get them used to being in and around other horses and galloping in a pack, give them the experience of being in behind horses and going through a gap. At the moment the first time mine experience that is on a racecourse,” he explains. Appleby acknowledges that his patient

approach with his young stock is perhaps holding him back from progressing to the next level, as many owners seem reluctant to supply him with well-bred, unraced youngsters. “I’d ideally like to have a dozen or so well-bred two-year olds each season. At the moment I either get cheap ones that maybe aren’t good enough to win a maiden and we have to wait to get them handicapped, or they’re just no good, so there’s not much I can do about it. Hopefully that will change

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eventually, but I’d rather it was like that than having half the yard full of two-year-olds and not knowing if they’re any good. It’s alright if you’ve got 200 horses because you still know you’re going to get winners, but I need a good number of older horses to keep giving me the winners.” Given his record with the horses he acquires from elsewhere, it’s understandable that plenty of owners have faith that he can provide them with sought-after winners via purchases at the horses in training sales. “There’s lots of things I look for: horses that have dropped in the weights, especially if they’ve only been in one yard; or horses out of the big yards, if it’s not a Group horse they’re happy to get rid of them, but they can still be a good handicapper. I look at their pedigree and watch their races, see if I think they’re running over the wrong trip or want different ground,” he says. “I suppose Art Scholar was the one that really got me noticed. I’d watched his races and thought he wanted a step up in trip. He just seemed to be finding things happening too quick for him over shorter.” Art Scholar did indeed want a step up in trip. Eighteen months after being knocked down to Appleby at Ascot Sales for £600, his handicap mark had risen from 52 to 99, and his golden spell had seen him win nine races. Art Scholar is still based with Appleby but hasn’t managed another success since taking Doncaster’s valuable November Handicap





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MICK APPLEBY in 2012. “He’s had his problems, that’s the thing with getting those type of horses. You can patch them up to win a few races but usually the problems will catch up with them eventually.” Tailoring a training regime to help manage those problems is something Appleby has had to become adept at. “It’s handy having the pool. If they can swim you can get them pretty fit without having to really gallop them. Irish Jugger and Country Road both had horrendous joints and you couldn’t gallop them at all, but they still won races,” he recalls. His eye for a horse and knowledge of how to deal with an array of physical ailments has been honed during a career that has spanned over 30 years in the industry. “I didn’t have any family background in racing, but my grandad took me when I was a kid, and when I left school I was seven stone and he said to me I should go be a jockey. I was 15 and had never sat on a horse, but I went to Mrs Pilkington in Stow On The Wold and they taught me to ride on Willie Wumpkins. He’d won four times at the Cheltenham Festival. He’d retired by then and knew what he was doing. It’s a good job because I didn’t,” he jokes. After 18 months with Mrs Pilkington, Appleby had spells with Bob Hartop and Baz Richmond, where he took out his licence as a conditional jockey, before going on to work for John Manners. Again chuckling, he recalls, “‘Mad’ Manners was nuts. He used to cut the grass at midnight with a torch strapped to his head, but he had a good eye for a horse and was very good at sweetening them up. I picked up a lot there. I probably pick similar types of horses to him now but I like to think I have a bit more of a look at them than he did. He just used to turn up at Ascot Sales, sit down, and buy something he liked the look of when it walked in the ring. He didn’t go look at their legs or anything.” His time with Manners was followed by a spell with Roger Curtis. “I got on really well with him. He was a very good trainer and very good at placing his horses. He could land a gamble as well.” Appleby’s first attempt at training in his own right yielded some winners in point-to-points as well as a few under Rules, but he recalls, “I didn’t really have any facilities, not even a proper gallop. I had to box them up and take them to work, and you can’t train properly like that.” So when an offer came to join Andrew Balding as head lad at Kingsclere he snapped up the opportunity. “The facilities there are amazing. When I arrived I didn’t really know anything about Flat horses, I’d only ever dealt with jumpers until then. The main thing I learned there was how little work you need to give Flat horses.” After three years with Balding, he was ready for another crack at training, initially with a spell as a private trainer at a yard in Cirencester where he sent out a 66-1 winner with his first runner, followed by another at 50-1 the next day. That venture didn’t last long, but buoyed by a couple of successes, Appleby moved to another yard in Leicestershire before taking up residence at his current base at Newark in Nottinghamshire. It’s from there that his career has taken off, with yearly tallies of 20, 45, 64, 91, and 100 winners being racked up since he moved there in 2011. Some of the winners that accounted for his 2015 century sent him on his way to being crowned the All-Weather Championships Champion Trainer. The prize was £10,000 and his big cheque is proudly fastened to the wall behind his desk at the yard. The dream now is to move to his own premises, train more winners, and secure a place in the top 10 positions in the trainers’ championship. That would be impressive. If Appleby’s plans are realised so would be his new surroundings. And would it be a surprise? Not one bit. ■


Lots of horses get ruined as two-year-olds, most of their problems stem from being asked to do too much before they’re ready for it

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Management of respiratory disease







Respiratory disease is common in racehorses in training, as it is in most young domestic animal species. Both the incidence and prevalence of respiratory disease in racehorses vary widely between yards and between years, but the reasons, including causes of the disease, underlying this variation are not defined. WORDS: THOMAS O’KEEFFE PHOTOS: THOMAS O’KEEFFE


LARGE thoroughbred galloping at full speed consumes huge amounts of oxygen. Maximal airflow at full speed can exceed 1,800 litres of air per minute, and during this type of exercise the horse will seek each minute to extract in excess of 70 litres of pure oxygen. Anything that impairs the amount of air delivered to the lung from the nostrils will negatively impact athletic ability. Similarly anything that limits the amount of oxygen, which can diffuse across the membrane into the bloodstream itself, may cause the horse to fatigue and reduce speed Inflammatory airway disease (IAD) is characterised by poor exercise performance in association with the presence of excessive amounts of tracheal mucopus in the small airways. IAD is a syndrome rather than a disease and the aetiology has been shown to be multifactorial. Studies focusing on individual agents suggest the possible involvement of viral infection, bacterial infection, and environmental loading of the respiratory system as well as dysregulation of inflammatory processes. Previous studies focusing on the aetiology of IAD have shown a strong association between bacteria isolated from tracheal wash fluid and the occurrence of disease. As a result of the common occurrence of IAD in young racehorses in training and the debilitating effect it has on performance, I have undertaken a study reviewing the antimicrobial sensitivity data from all tracheal lavage samples submitted to Beaufort Cottage Laboratories in Newmarket over a two-year period. I aimed to identify the commonly isolated pathogens from young racehorses in training and to assess their sensitivity to commonly used antibiotics in the treatment of respiratory disease in the racehorse. It has been proven that bacteria play a significant role in the inflammatory airway disease syndrome in young thoroughbreds. My principal goal was to demonstrate that knowledge of isolate prevalence and anti-microbial susceptibility data aids the clinician in managing racehorse respiratory health. 28


Introduction to current study

Respiratory disease is a major source of wastage in the UK racing industry, being implicated as second only to musculoskeletal disease as a cause of lost training days and significant veterinary costs. As a result of the difficulty in defining the exact causative agent of lower respiratory tract disease in many cases, the term “inflammatory airway disease” has gained parlance. In clinical practice, respiratory diseases are often poorly characterised. Failure to identify causal agents accurately may lead to inappropriate therapeutic and preventative measures being undertaken. This, in turn, may delay recovery, increase incidence of disease in the population, and incur additional costs. Moderate to high levels of mucus have been shown to have a negative effect on performance; with the theory proposed that mucus can interfere with O2 exchange. The primary objective of the study

was to document aerobic bacterial isolate and antimicrobial susceptibility data obtained from thoroughbred racehorses in Newmarket, UK, in order to assist with practical decision making in management of yard respiratory health.

Study design

A retrospective analysis of bacteriological data from all tracheal aspirates submitted from local thoroughbred racehorses by veterinarians from a single practice to Beaufort Cottage Laboratories from 20142015 was undertaken. Bacterial isolates and results from disc diffusion (Kirby-Bauer method) sensitivity tests were analysed. In this study there was no attempt made to correlate bacteriological findings with cytological assessment of disease status.


During the period of analysis, 220 samples were submitted from thoroughbred


It has been proven that bacteria play a significant Thomas O’Keeffe performs an role in the inflammatory endoscopy, when conducted on a airway disease syndrome in sample of horses it’s a useful way of assessing a yards young thoroughbreds


Clinicians are currently unable to provide even basic evidence-based advice on the prevalence of bacteria species in horses affected with IAD and the efficacy of commonly used antibiotics against routinely isolated respiratory pathogens. This study has provided answers to some of these questions. It has been demonstrated that an accurate diagnosis of lower respiratory disease is achieved by performing both tracheal wash and bronchoalveolar lavage simultaneously. However, this is rarely practicable in a first opinion setting. The only practical and rapid method of sampling lower airway secretions is transendoscopic tracheal lavage (tracheal wash). Mucus and inflammatory cells accumulate in the natural “sump” of the trachea at the thoracic inlet; instillation of 10-30mls isotonic saline into the lower trachea through a catheter passed from the working channel of the endoscope allows harvesting of this material. A limitation of this study is that the indication for endoscopic examination and tracheal lavage collection and submission in these cases is unknown. Whilst it may be presumed correctly that it is in the management of IAD, factors such as the horse’s clinical signs, stage of treatment, and exercise level were unknown at the time of sample submission. However, despite these limitations, it is my opinion that the information yielded by this study is valuable in advising clinicians on bacterial prevalence and anti-microbial efficacy in a clinical practice setting.

Conclusions and practical significance

racehorses. Of these, 194 (88%) samples yielded bacterial growth with the total number of bacterial isolates identified being 479. Antimicrobial sensitivity testing was performed on 153 samples. Alphahaemolytic streptococci cultured from 59% of samples accounted for 27% of the isolates, beta-haemolytic streptococci cultured from 38% of samples, accounted for 17.5%, pasteurella spp. cultured from 54% of samples accounted for 25%, and actinobacillus spp cultured from 8% of samples accounted for 4% of the isolates. Near-total susceptibility of betahaemolytic streptococci isolates to enrofloxacin and ceftiofur was documented, with oxytetracycline and trimethoprim/ sulfa showing comparatively less efficacy. Pasteurella spp. displayed similar neartotal susceptibility to enrofloxacin, oxytetracycline, and ceftiofur. There was no observed trend of increasing antimicrobial resistance of any major isolate.


The effective management of lower respiratory tract disease is one of the primary day-to-day challenges encountered by clinicians working with thoroughbreds in training. It is now broadly accepted that the aetiology of lower respiratory tract disease in UK thoroughbreds in training, although multifactorial, has a large infectious component and that bacterial infection is implicated to a greater extent than viral infection.

The results should be considered as in vitro bacteriological data from horses across a range of disease states. The relative prevalence of the major isolates was consistent with bacterial species known to be associated with respiratory disease in thoroughbreds. The antimicrobial susceptibility data is of use in planning the management of respiratory health in groups of young thoroughbreds.

Significant for racehorse health and performance

Young immunologically naïve racehorses entering the training environment and exposed to respiratory challenge (mixing populations, housing, and exercise) are susceptible to opportunistic pathogens and may develop lower airway

Anti-microbiAl susceptibility dAtA Anti-microbial Trimethoprim/sulfa Oxytetracycline Doxycycline Ceftiofur Enrofloxacin

Total Isolates Sensitive 109 129 140 146 148

Total isolates 153 153 153 153 153

% Efficacy 71% 84% 91% 95% 97%





It is inevitable that a large proportion of two-year-olds will be affected at some stage in the racing season

infection. The principal bacteria species involved (streptococcus zooepidemicus, streptococcus pneumoniae, pasteurella spp.) occur widely in normal racehorse populations but particular strains may act as opportunistic pathogens. Other bacteria (i.e. bordatella) may be primary respiratory pathogens. The risk of developing lower airway disease has been shown to decrease with age and time in training, as immunity to common bacterial and viral pathogens develops. Management of lower airway disease in the racehorse is influenced by the age of the horse, stage of racing season, proximity to race targets, and economic constraints. Endoscopic findings and clinical history help clinicians determine whether to treat as primarily an infectious or inflammatory condition. The results of this study help guide clinicians in their decision-making regarding treating horses in training. Aggressive treatment is usually reserved for horses in fast exercise when poor performance or interruption to training is undesirable. This study has shown that broad spectrum antimicrobials (oxytetracycline, fluoroquinolones) and third generation cephalosporins have greater efficacy than potentiated sulphonamides for common respiratory pathogens. Validated protocols do not exist regarding exercise programs for racehorses that are


suffering from lower airway disease and are on treatment; however, usually a reduction in the level of exercise that the horse is on is commonly observed. Cantering may continue, but avoidance of fast exercise and racing during the course of the disease is recommended. A generalised increase in coughing or poor racing performance may warrant wider investigation and/or treatment within the yard. Endoscopy, including tracheal lavage collection, of a sample of horses, including those thought to be healthy, is a useful method of assessing yard health. The laboratory data from this study is useful in guiding clinicians as bacterial opportunistic pathogens naturally circulate in racing yards. Biosecurity measures intended to eradicate infection are unrealistic but minimising shedding, spread, and exposure may be beneficial. It is inevitable that a large proportion

of two-year-olds will be affected at some stage in the racing season. It is preferable to introduce yearlings into the yard only after the end of the main racing season, especially if there is to be close proximity to older horses. Establishing a quarantine protocol for new entrants during racing season is also important.


The first aim of clinicians in the management of respiratory health of racehorses is to reduce susceptibility to disease with appropriate vaccination programs, biosecurity, and air hygiene. Secondly, they aim to speed recovery time with appropriate medication and exercise modification so that total lost training days are minimised. Most episodes of lower airway disease are self-limiting, and regardless of management resolve within several weeks. A small proportion of horses display persistent disease due to either recurrent infections or to non-septic lower airway reactivity. The racehorse clinician must work in collaboration with the trainer to ensure that management practices are optimal for reducing the incidence of disease, and that when presented with clinical cases, the horses are treated effectively to minimise lost training days. Hopefully, the data from this study will help clinicians in their decision-making with respect to management of yard respiratory health. n






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Staff recruitment and retention How can we grow our workforce?







We should all be aware of the various recruitment drives reaching out to young people in a bid to halt what is currently seen as a crisis in racing, but so too is our awareness of the new digital platform for the Racing Support Line, which reminds us that working in a racing yard is not without stress and difficulties. The same can be said of any workplace, but most working environments are not shared with horses, and not everyone can cope with the responsibility and irregular hours they require. WORDS: LISSA OLIVER PHOTOS: FRANCES J KARON, STEVEN MARTINE, FIONA BOYD


oNNY Brandstätter, a German trainer, speaks for the majority when she says, “In europe we have the same problems. It’s very hard to find qualified and capable staff, particularly good riders. our biggest problem here is that many of the staff available here in Germany have a different attitude to the horse compared to most West european countries. one of our staff cried tears of joy when the filly she looked after won and it’s hard to find staff 34


like that, who care that much. New trainers in Baden-Baden are struggling, simply because they can’t find good staff. It’s a big, big problem. We all need more horses, but we lack the staff.” Those who work in racing for the longterm tend to come from a racing family or have an equine background. Brandstätter sums it up when she says, “The new generation coming through only want to work 9-5 and have every weekend off.” uS trainer Wesley Ward succinctly points out, “It’s a way of life.” But how do we

encourage “outsiders” to adopt the way of life and paint an attractive picture of life as “stable staff”? one lady tasked with that seemingly onerous duty is Shelley Perham of Britain’s National Trainers federation (NTf), who immediately identifies the obvious problem – the term “stable staff.” It’s a very allencompassing and narrow job description, providing no clue as to the actual many and varied skilled roles employed within racing yards. In understanding our staff and their needs, we must first understand their individual roles and importance within the team. Ward has developed a working relationship with incoming staff that quickly sifts the notso-keen from those entering the business for the long haul, as well as clearly defining each role and skill-set. His new staff members are introduced to the business slowly, allowing them time to gain experience and develop, as well as beat a hasty retreat if the lifestyle doesn’t suit. does it work long-term? He has a number of staff who have served


Above: Leading US trainer Wesley Ward and NTF’s Shelley Perham, right

with him for over 21 years. “So I guess you could say they stay!” he responds. There’s no magic secret to staff retention. You either love horses and the responsibilities that come with them, or you don’t. “It’s more of a lifestyle and we live by it,” Ward says. “I have a lot of Latin help, mexicans and Guatemalans. They’re hard workers and they love horses and they like to work. I think if we were having to rely on American-born workers we’d be in trouble.” That isn’t necessarily down to high expectations placed on young people at school, nor an outdated view that still persists, that stable work isn’t a long-term career with prospects. Ward points out, “It’s just that it’s a lot of work and a lot of hours and you’re working with animals that have to be cared for, and if you can’t handle the responsibility you get out.” more and more young people are less

engaged with outdoor pursuits and are focused instead on computers and game consoles. As rural communities grow smaller, cities and suburbs increase and spread. Populations are losing touch and affinity with many rural pursuits, horses among them. “A lot of this problem, I think, is that you used to be forced to come to the racetrack to place wagers, but now with the internet you can watch the races from the couch,” Ward recognises. “children certainly won’t gain an interest in horses from television, they’re not getting an actual visual of what’s going on at the races. They used to be taken along to the track and see the horses and they’d get hooked. That’s part of the problem, we’re evolving and it’s just not getting people hooked.” Another reason for the lack of staff retention could be a case of too much, too soon. Newcomers are often pitched in at the

deep end and expected to learn as they go. Trainers across europe are understaffed and need help, instantly. Ward’s more gradual induction appears to work and he says it’s of no inconvenience to his foreman or staff. “When I get a new member of staff, they start out walking the horses and they gain a little experience being around horses. In less than a year they’ll start grooming the horses and gain experience of injuries and medication. They’ll learn to detect heat in the leg, before it moves on to become a bigger problem. After a year they’ll move on to riding. After we’ve broken the yearlings, we start them out on those, as those young horses don’t know how to pull yet and they’re very easy for them to learn on. The following year they’ll be on those babies again.” Learning together, for the benefit of both. What Perham is keen to achieve is the ISSUE 54 TRAINERMAGAZINE.COM


TRAINING trainer and staff member learning side by side. “coming into this role, I want to take my time and talk to staff and trainers and also look at what’s already available in terms of support and training, and then hopefully pull everything together to offer a consultancy service,” she explains. “It’s not my job to lecture trainers on how to run their business and manage staff. But having been out of the racing industry for some years and then coming back into it, I’ve noticed some areas that are not in place that are there in other industries. It is here that I see that I can make a difference.” It can seem like we’re being swamped with new ideas and resources, while industry bodies such as the British Horseracing Authority are doing their bit with programmes such as Racing To School and coordinating with the Pony club. Having someone to guide us through the resources at our disposal is vital. “I’m hoping to be able to coordinate all the great initiatives that are currently out there and I will be working closely with training providers to coordinate these,” says Perham. “It’s important to understand that the trainer’s business is an ever-changing model. A trainer could be short of staff one week and then lose a couple of horses the next and suddenly find himself overstaffed, or vice versa. “I’m working for the NTf on behalf of trainers,” she continues. “It’s just as important to help staff with life skills, so they understand the pressure a trainer is under and why a trainer reacts in certain situations. It’s about giving them the confidence to talk to someone about it, to discuss it with the trainer, so they don’t react rashly and move on and come to regret things. I think everyone is now aware of the Racing Support Line, which went digital in January and is available on all platforms. The aim now is for staff to access help in all areas and to help them understand their role and responsibilities. “The exciting thing for me is that it’s a

Working as stable staff is a “way of life” 36


A trainer could be short of staff one week and then lose a couple of horses the next and suddenly find himself over staffed, or vice versa

Shelley Perham huge remit, but there are so many resources out there now and it’s all going to come nicely together; and that’s my job, to pull them all in together.” Perham’s own background gives her a perspective from both sides. “I was an amateur jockey with fulke Walwyn and Richard Hannon, and I also worked with Harry Herbert and Nick Robinson at Kennet Valley Thoroughbreds, where I handled syndicates and also sponsorship on our big race days at Newbury and in America. It gave me a very good insight, gained from riding out as well as managerial. “I do understand the pressures that trainers are up against, but I also have a firsthand experience of working as staff in a yard. What is really exciting for me is that so much has changed since I was last in racing and there is so much to embrace and be positive about. We need to keep building on this and ensuring a joined up approach.” A big bonus for the NTf is that Perham is an Athlete Ambassador with the dame Kelly Holmes Trust. “I’m a mentor of young people, and I can see how important it is to develop staff and value them, and for them to see themselves as more valued. Working in a large and busy team, it’s very easy to feel that you are only a small part in that business, but staff need to feel included in the trainer’s

business model and understand where they have made, and more importantly can make, a difference. “Including staff in the business plan is a vital ingredient of staff retention, as is ensuring existing talented and loyal staff are not taken for granted,” Perham points out. “Retention is a very interesting area, as is bringing staff back into the industry who have not appreciated that the job has evolved.” Winning back those lost to the industry through disillusion is an interesting point, and the image we have already created of a career in racing may be a hard one to buff up and shine. But Perham is full of enthusiasm at presenting a fresher picture to young people. “coming into racing with no background or experience is a tough remit and our aim is to try and help these young people develop, before they get into a racing yard,” she says, reminding us of Wesley Ward’s assured approach with staff. “We need to promote the sport by breaking down the various roles within a racing yard, each with separate skillsets and equally valuable. Promoting those different skills will make it more attractive to young people coming in. We can offer support and help to enable trainers to recognise those skill-sets and help them to promote these roles.” The immediate future looks promising, and simply taking a second look at what staff do and understanding their roles is a key initiative we can already adopt, without any inconvenience to our time. Recruitment is another step, but retention is half the battle won. “We’re hoping to build a consultancy, for the retention and recruitment of staff, and making sure the necessary toolkit is there as a resource for trainers. There are already trainers who are very good at recruiting staff and guiding and nurturing young people, and it’s important that we’re able to share information and initiatives which work,” Perham urges. “I’m looking to see how we can work with the Pony club and the Racing To School programme to make the transition into racing more attractive. The riders programme is already aimed at people with experience with horses and Racing To School is doing very good work. We need to improve the signposts and pathways into racing as they are a little bit unclear at the moment. “I’m hoping to start working with a small group of trainers as a pilot scheme, to help them engage with initiatives and recruitment, looking at mentoring and staff development. They will be monitored over the course of a year and their feedback used. I am working on recruiting those trainers now and look forward to hearing from those that feel that they would like to be involved,” says Perham. It’s all very positive, and the more young people who can be encouraged to come in to racing, the more chances of finding those few who are willing to remain and make a long-term career of it. n






Keeping our horses safe from infection ISSUE 54 TRAINERMAGAZINE.COM



Countering threats from disease requires constant vigilance at all levels. International travel is only one of many risks, and all racehorses have a mobile lifestyle that involves much domestic travel, mixing with other horses within their own training yard, within training centres and at the racetrack, thus making the rapid spread of infectious agents very possible. WORDS: PROFESSOR CELIA MARR, CLIVE HAMBLIN PHOTOS: SHUTTERSTOCK, PROFESSOR CELIA MARR


ARLY diagnosis and prompt implementation of biosecurity measures are essential to reduce risk of spread of infectious disease. With support from the British Horserace Betting Levy Board (HBLB), a group of veterinarians have designed a handy smartphone app that will help trainers and their staff if they are faced with a potential infectious disease outbreak. Codes of practice relating to minimising risk from important equine diseases have been developed for breeders and for racehorse trainers. Currently these codes are available online and, this summer, the invaluable information contained within them has been summarised and fused into a free app called

EquiBioSafe. As this is rolled out over the summer and autumn, it will first be accessible from iPhones and iPads. A second release will be suitable for Android devices. Trainers will also receive a poster designed to help educate training yard staff on how to identify ill horses and how to minimise risk from contagious disease. In the UK, National Trainers’ Federation members will receive the download link by email shortly, and the app will also be promoted to all horse owners, because reducing disease risk in the general horse population helps keep our racehorses safe from infection.

disease outbreaks. Biosecurity encompasses measures designed to reduce the likelihood of introduction of a disease to an individual training establishment, to a racecourse, to a training centre, and a region or country. Biosecurity measures are not specific to a particular disease or single infectious agent; rather, they are a collection of practices to prevent most infectious agents of concern, with some additional specific biosecurity measures for certain individual infectious agents.

Biosecurity Guidelines

The short answer is of course, all of them. Where a racehorse trainer has been informed by a vet, or should otherwise be aware, that a horse under his or her control is likely to be or is infected with various communicable diseases, the trainer is also obliged to report this to their Horseracing Authority. In the UK, schedule 9 in the Trainer Manual sets out a specific list of diseases covered by these rules. Equine influenza, equine herpesvirus type 1 (paralytic form), and strangles are all in circulation amongst the general horse population at the moment and are likely to continue to be so, while the other diseases listed in Schedule 9 are exotic, occurring in other parts of the world but not known to be circulating in Northern Europe currently. Trainers must also be on the lookout for ringworm, as horses with active ringworm infection are prohibited from entering racecourse premises.

Good management practices and procedures can markedly reduce the risk of infectious

tHorougHbrEd biosEcurity madE simplE All staff on training yards should be skilled in disease prevention, hygiene procedures, and assessment of horses’ health: • Assess horse’s general demeanor • Observe how horse is standing • Look for eye or nose discharges • Take rectal temperature twice daily, as it is a very good indicator of disease; normal is between 36.5-38.5°C • Check breathing rate; normal is between 8-15 breaths/ min • Check heart rate; normal is between 25-45 beats/min • Press gum and release to check capillary refill time; normal refill is between 1-2 secs • Check consistency and number of droppings • Check consumption from water buckets and feed bowl • Keep good records and REPORT any abnormalities immediately

Which diseases should trainers worry about?

rEducing risk of infEctious disEasE • Isolate new arrivals for a period of 10 days or introduce horses from properties with a known high health status only. • Pay particular attention to horses from sales complexes, from unknown mixed population yards, and those that have used commercial horse transport servicing mixed populations • Verify the vaccine status of new arrivals • Control rodents and keep feed in rodent-proof containers • Clean and disinfect stables between inmates • Clean and disinfect equipment between horses; use separate equipment as much as possible • Clean and disinfect horse transport between horses. Remember to remove as much organic material as possible before disinfection • Isolate horses at the first sign of sickness until contagious disease has been ruled out • Contact your veterinary surgeon if any horses show clinical signs of sickness • Do not move sick horses except for isolation, veterinary treatment, or under veterinary supervision • Attend to sick horses last (i.e., feed, water, and treat) or use separate staff • Wash hands and use hand disinfection gel when moving between groups of horses • Wear separate protective clothing and footwear when working with sick horses. Use foot dips for additional biosecurity • Use separate mucking out equipment for sick horses • Keep records of horse movements so that contacts can be traced in the event of a disease outbreak • Maintain good perimeter security for your premises and maintain controlled access for vehicles and visitors




duty to rEport communicablE disEasE Trainers must report, if they have been informed by a vet, or should otherwise be aware, than any horse under his/her control is likely to be or is infected with: Endemic Diseases • Equine herpesvirus 1 paralytic form • Equine influenza • Strangles Exotic Diseases • African horse sickness • Alpha and flaviviruses (not louping ill) • Anthrax • Borna disease • Contagious equine metritis • Dourine • Eastern equine encephalitis • Epizootic lymphangitis • Equine viral arteritis • Equine viral encephalomyelitis • Equine infectious anaemia • Glanders and farcy • Hendra disease • Japanese equine encephalitis • Venereally transmitted bacterial diseases caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae. Venereally transmitted bacterial diseases caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa • Rabies • Warble fly • Venezuelan equine encephalitis • West Nile virus • Western equine encephalitis

Equine Influenza: spread reduced by vaccination

Flu is highly contagious. Although it is endemic, it is largely controlled in the racing industry by vaccination. Occasional outbreaks of influenza continue to occur, usually in younger horses, but the fact that no race meetings have had to be cancelled because of flu for almost two decades is testament to the fact that our flu vaccination policy is working overall. Flu is constantly evolving and as it does so, vaccines have to be adapted to keep up with the virus. It is also important to appreciate that while vaccines are able to reduce spread of the virus, vaccinated animals can develop symptoms. The most obvious signs of influenza in a vaccinated training yard are a rapidly spreading respiratory infection where affected animals have dirty noses, occasional high temperatures, and coughing. It may be difficult to prevent the spread of influenza within a training yard once an outbreak has started, but rest, isolation of affected animals, and appropriate supportive therapy can minimise the effects. The minimum every horse must 42


Above: Horses with active ringworm lesions are not permitted to enter racecourse premises and when a racehorse that has recently recovered from ringworm infection is being sent to race, the trainer must produce a certificate of non-contagiousness.

receive is two primary vaccinations 2192 days apart, and if sufficient time has elapsed, the horse must also have been given a booster vaccination 150-215 days later and at intervals of not more than a year thereafter. Vaccines cannot be given on the day of racing or within six days before. The EquiBioSafe app has a convenient calculator to help trainers check that new arrivals have adequate vaccination records.

Paralytic herpes

Equine herpesviruses are very widespread. The two most common strains are EHV1 and EHV-4. Both strains can cause respiratory disease, particularly in the younger population; EHV-1 can also cause neurological signs. Horses display incoordination of the hind end, and occasionally fore limbs, urine retention and, in severe cases, recumbency (lying down and unable to stand). Respiratory signs


The researchers were very pleased to find that injury rates in British National Hunt racing were low – although we would all like to see them become lower still

Right: The EquiBioSafe app summarises both codes of practice for trainers and breeders. The information is relevant to all breeds of horses. The app includes a calculator to check that vaccinations comply with relevant horseracing authorities regulations and it will find the closest APHA office.

may precede neurological signs but neither respiratory signs nor fever is consistently found with paralytic herpes.

If paralytic herpes is suspected, the clinical case(s) should be isolated from other horses as quickly as possible and biosecurity measures put in place until EHV1 is ruled in or out. Initial laboratory testing will include testing for antibodies in blood (serology) and testing nasopharyngeal swabs by PCR to check whether viral DNA is present. The EquiBioSafe app contains details of how these tests are used in combination to determine whether there has been any spread. If paralytic herpes does occur in a training yard, it is essential that the trainer and yard veterinary team work closely with advisors from the testing laboratory, because approval to resume normal operations on the entire racing stable premises is made by the BHA based on laboratory information suggesting that risk of spread of disease is minimal.

Strangles: a hidden threat

Strangles is a bacterial disease of the lymph

glands of the equine upper respiratory tract, caused by the bacterium Streptococcus equi. Affected horses typically have a high temperature, cough, poor appetite, nasal discharge, and swollen or abscessed lymph glands under the throat. Some infected horses may become very ill and the disease may even become fatal, if the bacterium spreads to other parts of the body (“bastard strangles”) or if the airway becomes occluded by the swollen glands (hence the old fashioned term “strangles”). However, in a number of cases, a nasal discharge with no glandular enlargement is all that is seen. Direct contact between an infected horse and others is the most obvious means of transmitting the infection, but the hands, clothing, and equipment of staff or other personnel can spread it indirectly. The bacteria are shed from draining abscesses and nasal discharges, and it may survive in the environment, particularly in water troughs and buckets and on clothing and utensils. Good hygiene is therefore essential in controlling disease. A small but important proportion of horses that have recovered from the clinical signs of strangles will have become persistently infected (most commonly in the guttural pouches of the throat) with Streptococcus equi for many months or even years. These symptomless ‘carriers’ can intermittently shed Streptococcus equi and are an important source of infection to other horses. The most effective way to stop strangles from entering a training yard is to quarantine new arrivals and test them for the disease. The EquiBioSafe app contains further

EffEctivEly managing EquinE HErpEs virus-1 (EHv-1) disEasE outbrEaks Camilla Strang, BVetMed MSc DIC MRCVS, CPM Veterinary Surgeon at the Animal Health Trust, Newmarket Within the equine population, Equine Herpes Virus (EHV) is considered to be a globally ubiquitous disease, with EHV 1 and 4 amongst the most frequent causes of respiratory disease. Beyond respiratory disease, EHV-1 is associated with both abortion and neurological disease. Although there are no legal requirements for official notification of EHV-1 disease within the UK, confirmation and containment of outbreaks is required in order to avoid spread of infection and to minimise the potential for significant impact on the equine industry from more widespread outbreaks, especially with international travel and trade. In particular, large and widely disseminated outbreaks of EHV-1 neurological disease that have recently occurred in the USA should reinforce warnings to the European industry to remain vigilant of the threats this virus can give rise to. Latent infections are undoubtedly the cornerstone of EHV-1’s success, as



latently infected individuals are highly prevalent within the equine population and cannot be readily identified by any currently available laboratory test. Consequently, viral replication may be initiated spontaneously by exposure of latently infected horses to stressors, with the extent undoubtedly varying between individual animals. Unlike equine influenza and even strangles (S. equi), EHV-1 is not an infection that can ever realistically be eradicated from equine populations and therefore practically, the aim must be to confirm and manage disease outbreaks as effectively as possible when they occur, as absolute prevention is realistically unfeasible. When dealing with EHV-1, creating adequate segregation between groups of animals and allowing time for monitoring are key factors for successfully countering the spread of infection and limiting occurrence of disease. Improvements in molecular diagnostic testing techniques (PCR) have also greatly helped in both confirmation of diagnosis and prompt identification of infectious individuals,

therefore informing for the most effective biosecurity measures, before safe resumption of normal activities. The strategy for dealing with EHV-1 is an important decision that needs to take into account the type of premises, number of animals involved, the availability of personnel and space to facilitate effective segregation and management. Alongside these measures, sample testing is essential to provide insight into both the extent of recent infectious spread (based on CFT serology) and current infectiousness (based on agent detection tests, especially PCR) in each group. In broad terms there may be considered to be six fundamental stages in an EHV-1 disease outbreak investigation and control strategy: i) preliminary recognition of a clinical problem; ii) preliminary veterinary investigation; iii) confirmation of a diagnosis of EHV-1; iv) understanding and managing the outbreak and v) establishing freedom from active EHV-1 infection, both of which require use of laboratory testing and vi) final clearance to resume normal activity.

© Marie Chancé

Strangles can cause abscesses in the throat lymph nodes. Strep equi, the bacteria that causes strangles, top right, is often carried within the guttural pouches in symptomless carrier horses

information on how to use blood tests and guttural pouch cultures to identify carrier horses.

Experience French racing thanks to FRBC services

Exotic and Notifiable diseases

The EquiBioSafe app covers some of the more important notifiable diseases that are considered threats to the UK. In the racehorse section, there is information on equine infectious anaemia, equine viral arteritis, African horse sickness, and West Nile disease and piroplasmosis. The section for breeding stock also covers dourine and various venereal diseases. Most trainers are not familiar with these diseases, so details of routes of spread, clinical signs, prevention, and diagnosis are provided. Trainers should be aware that in addition to informing the BHA if they suspect one of their horses may have a notifiable disease, they are also required by law to report this to their local Animal and Plant Health Agency Office. The EquiBioSafe app can locate the nearest office and provide contact details. n Related Articles ONLINE Go to Search term “Climate Change” European Trainer Spring 2015 (Issue 49) Search term “Piroplasmosis” North American Trainer Spring 2011 (Issue 20)

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Improving horse transport Travelling to and from the races, sometimes up to 12 hours in the horsebox, can be tedious. The driver has enough to do, although these days with six-speed gearboxes and cruise control and Bluetooth, driving can be as simple as just looking out for road signs and hazards. The other staff can occupy their time as they see fit – but what of the horse? WORDS: LISSA OLIVER PHOTOS: FOxy HORSEbOxES, GEORGE SmITH HORSEbOxES, bARbARA muRPHy – EquILumE, LISSA OLIVER


oNG-haul flights, with movies and bars? The in-flight service for the horse is no different from london to New York as it is from london to Dublin or Paris, and it doesn’t include entertainment. Are we missing out on lost time that could be utilised? If time spent on the road, or in the air, can be better utilised, then the first trainer to capitalise



would undoubtedly be Irish-based Michael hourigan. A self-confessed technophile, if he can’t buy the latest equipment then he’ll do an excellent job at making it himself, staying even more ahead of the game than the research and development departments themselves. When asked if there was anything a horse could do, wear, or use during travel, his response was simple – “No!” But there are plenty of ways in which

we can improve the travel experience for the horse, whether by road, sea or, air, and ensure he arrives fit and happy to run at his optimum. Dr Catherine Kohn, from ohio State University in the US, has identified specific problems associated with the transportation of horses, shipping fever being the major problem. Shipping fever causes signs of respiratory disease with an incidence of up to 12% following long-distance road


transport and up to 30-40% following air transport. Contamination of the environment is unavoidable, but compounded by poor ventilation. The horse’s response to high temperature and humidity often results in increasing respiratory rate and depth, which in turn increases inhalation of potential pathogens, whilst sweating causes dehydration. head posture has also been shown to have a major influence on the health of the lower airways and is an important factor in the development of shipping fever. Traditionally, horses were restrained during transportation in a manner that prevented them from lowering their head, which had a major negative effect on their wellbeing. The Silsoe Research Institute has conducted DEfRA-funded research to improve the welfare of livestock during travelling, and project leader Peter Kettlewell found that vehicle design also plays a major part in influencing health and welfare in transport, highlighting the counter-intuitive way in which airflow occurs in road transport. Rather than air entering from the front and passing down the lorry, it is pushed away by the moving vehicle and sucked in from the back. little wonder, therefore, that whether speaking to trainers, vets, or horsebox manufacturers, the one crucial factor they all put forward is good ventilation. Dr Des leadon from the Irish Equine Centre (IEC)

provided a simple explanation when stating: “It doesn’t make any difference whether you are transporting horses by road or by air. Effectively you are putting them into a tube – whether it is an aluminium tube or a wooden tube, and whether it has wheels or wings, makes very little difference to

It doesn’t make any difference whether you are transporting horses by road or by air. Effectively you are putting them into a tube

Dr Des Leadon

The basic concepts of transporting horses by road have changed little over the years, with the main improvements being in the materials used

the environment in which the horses are transported.” The focus, therefore, has to be on making the environment as clean and comfortable as possible, providing space for freedom of movement, allowing for safety, of course, and ventilation. “The number one thing when travelling is you need a proper horsebox,” agrees Conny Brandstätter, a trainer based in Germany who travels her horses extensively. “We invested in an Equi-Trek with a long wheelbase and there is so much more room in there, the horses are so much happier. It takes two horses and five people and is comfortable and spacious for all of them. The only adaptation we made was to take out the two small windows and put in two larger windows that open. “We have only had one runner in Germany so far this season; most of our runners are in france, for obvious reasons. our longest journey would be 10-11 hours to Cagnes and we have no problems. It’s very important to have a lot of space and for everyone, staff and horses, to arrive relaxed, without stress or tiredness.” Whether travelling by road, sea, or air, the horsebox is always the first mode of the journey and is the last place in the ISSUE 54 TRAINERMAGAZINE.COM



VETERINARY Good ventilation is essential when transporting racehorses

business plan where a trainer would wish to cut corners. With so many horsebox manufacturers vying for custom, we’re in the fortunate position of being able to provide our horses with optimum comfort and safety, and box manufacturers lead the way in keeping abreast of research and technology. In 1957, for example, Theault was the first company to manufacture a horsebox for five horses travelling in herringbone stalls. In 1961, they launched the very first rear-facing horsebox. The company now works closely with hippolia, the research group based in Normandy, and at the 2014 Arqana Sales presented the Pac-Van with Animal Pure Air, a fresh innovation in horse transport. Theault explain that a horse breathes in around 100,000 litres of air every day and

swallows almost 21 particles per inhalation, which equates to about 300 million particles a day. The Animal Pure Air concept was therefore developed to eliminate almost 99.9% of the particles and pathogen or polluting agents in the air, and it renews and purifies the air of the horse compartment over 10 times an hour. Developed by a Spanish company, Animal Pure Air is easy to install and adaptable to all kinds of vehicles. Even though technology moves forward and those serving the equine industry keep up, the basic concept of transporting horses has actually changed very little, as George Smith, of George Smith horseboxes, tells us. “We are very proud of our original 1930s horsebox and it’s very interesting to see that the design has changed very little. The horse

hasn’t changed in 80 years and the solutions in travel are very similar,” he reminds us. “The biggest change is in materials used, but the concept remains the same. Natural materials were once used, but there is a higher choice of lightweight, strong, and hygienic materials now. “We build longer than standard stalls so that the horse’s head is within the stall, so a very safe environment. our priority is making sure the horse has plenty of space and the occupied area is fully padded on all touchable surfaces. The boxes are very easy to keep clean, avoiding cross-contamination.” louise hofert, of the family-run foxy horseboxes, points out two crucial changes in older boxes to those now manufactured by her company. “our boxes have come a

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Wearing an Equilume Light Mask can help adjust the light-dark cycle, reducing the effects of jetlag on the horse

very long way compared to those of 15 years ago, the most important advance being the eradication of the breast bar. Traditionally, horses always travelled forward-facing, but recent thinking and research shows that rearfacing is safer and more comfortable. If the vehicle is going to brake, their more robust hindquarters are at the point of impact, not their head and neck. Most box drivers are experienced and wouldn’t accelerate away from a standing start.” Again, space is a prime factor in comfort, and hofert says, “The standard area of a box stall is up to 6’10” with a breast bar, but by the removal of the breast bar our stalls provide 8’10”, so allow for the largest as well as the smallest of horses. Most horses are trained to jump so the breast bar was an invitation to hop over, as well as causing discomfort when thrown or pressed against it. It was of no use to a foal or to a 17.3hh horse, so we believe its eradication to be an important advancement to the safety and comfort of the horse when travelling. “Materials used in the build have also moved forward considerably. Ten years ago the payload (removable/cargo weight) was unimportant, while these days boxes must be lightweight. Three-and-a-half-tonne boxes 50


would be lucky to have an 800kg payload 10 years ago, compared to modern composites providing up to a 1.2-tonne payload, depending on the specifications and chassis used. “Ventilation is very important and we have DEfRA-approved fans fitted, a roof vent, and three windows, where usually only two are standard. The nature of the design allows for the best use of airflow.” hofert points out that the modern chassis has also been improved. “A brand new chassis is similar to that of a car, allowing for more comfortable suspension and providing comfort and economy to the driver, too, with six-speed gearbox and cruise control, as well as Bluetooth. our 3.5-tonne boxes drive like a car and any staff member with a licence can drive one, 17- and 18-year-olds, so it allows for much easier use of staff. Very few trainers use the 7.5-tonne boxes these days.” Most trainers prefer to use smaller horseboxes, as they are the most efficient. Air-conditioning is rare in smaller boxes, due to the weight of the unit and reduction to the payload (removable weight/cargo), but ventilation is important and electric fans with monitoring equipment are generally used instead. Styles and preferences will vary from company to company.

Brandstätter reminds us that the most important thing on arrival is to ensure the horse has at least a 30-minute walk, but for many the horsebox is only the start of the journey. It was disclosed at one Irish Thoroughbred Breeders’ Association seminar, when transport was touched upon, that the best place for a horsebox to be on a ferry is on the centreline, midships, and level with the waterline. Box drivers are not often given a choice of where to park when boarding a ferry, but it’s a point worth bearing in mind if ever the opportunity arises! for others, it’s an aeroplane that provides the onward journey, but the experience is much the same as in the horsebox. George Smith also designs and manufacture stalls for airfreight and the concept, he says, is very similar, with similar components used in each. “They are designed for use on a pallet and can be custom-made for very small planes to very large planes. It’s all about providing optimum space, whether for ‘economy’ or ‘business class,’ and more space is better for the horse,” he emphasises. “With airfreight, a stall and a half is normal. Three can fit on a pallet, but it’s more common to have only two. our airfreight stalls are collapsible and can be stacked in groups of four when not in use for the return journey, which represents a significant reduction in costs.” Much like travelling by road, horses in flight are offered hay or haylage ad lib and water is provided every four to six hours and at landing and refuelling stops. Dr Des leadon, in his booklet “Horse Transport – history, current practices, the future and veterinary recommendations,” relates an interesting study that illustrates how comfortable horses are when it comes to flying. Dr leadon took blood samples from a consignment of yearlings prior to their first experience of being transported. They had a three-hour horsebox ride to the airport, a one-hour flight, and a final one-hour road journey to the sales complex. Despite their inexperience, the effects from this journey were no greater than those that were present when the yearlings viewed their new surroundings in the sales



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VETERINARY complex for the first time the following morning. however, with a 50% chance of encountering some form of delay on medium- and long-haul flights, the picture changes somewhat. Veterinary evidence has shown that the longer the journey, the more profound the effects may be, and that could be largely down to not flying itself, but from when the aeroplane is stationary. The negative effect on a horse in a stationary vehicle is not just exclusive to aeroplanes, either. The IEC found that the vast majority of the horses studied on long-haul flights arrived without any form of health compromise. A flight from london to Sydney was studied and temperature, relative humidity, and numbers of bacteria and other airborne particles within the aeroplane were measured and blood samples taken from the horses before and after the flight. of interest is that there were significant surges in temperature and humidity during refuelling stops and large increases in micro-organisms when the aeroplane was stationary, which may have contributed in the development of shipping fever on arrival in Australia in seven of the 112 horses (6.3%). The good news for international runners is that the transportation studies carried out by the IEC led to the introduction of in-flight veterinary clinical services for horses, leading in turn to a 50% reduction in the number of days of treatment required for horses arriving with shipping fever. however, can we do anything further to prevent instances of shipping fever? Dr Barbara Murphy, of University College Dublin (UCD), says, “There is a lot trainers can do in anticipation of travel and some during travel, and it all comes down to manipulating light

Circadian disruption can be avoided by gradually altering the horse’s routine prior to travel, including feeding and exercise times

Dr Barbara Murphy and making sure horses get the right amount given at the right time, especially if they are travelling to a new time zone.” Dr Murphy has conducted extensive research in the use of lighting technology, founding the company Equilume, whose blue-light masks are already proving invaluable to the breeding industry. “We are working on lighting technology that will allow trainers to gradually change the horse’s body clock to the destination time before travel, so that jetlag will not be a factor upon arrival,” she explains. “There are two very important factors that affect horses during travel – travel stress and circadian disruption. Travel stress affects different horses in different ways, and some measure can be taken to reduce it through correct management. Circadian disruption can be avoided by gradually altering the horse’s routine prior to travel, including feeding and exercise times. Very few trainers currently take this into account.” Circadian rhythms are the physical, mental, and behavioural changes that follow a

24-hour cycle in all living things, responding primarily to light and darkness. It is circadian disruption that leads to what we term jetlag, and horses can suffer from the crossing of time zones just as much as us. “Altering the light-dark cycle is key to reducing the effects of jetlag,” says Dr Murphy. “We at Equilume, and my team at UCD, are working hard to investigate the impact of jetlag and come up with ways to prevent it, using light. The Equilume light mask will play an important role in this by allowing horses to maintain the destination light-dark cycle while they travel. “Equilume will be providing a consultancy service for trainers in the near future to calculate the light regime the horse needs to be under in the weeks prior to travel. This will take into account the time zone, time of year, and sunrise/sunset times of both home and destination, direction of travel, and time of day of competition, so we can prescribe the lighting changes required to avoid jetlag symptoms. The rule of thumb is that it takes three days for a mammal’s body clock to overcome a one-hour time zone change.” Be it by air or road, it is clear that there is always someone looking to improve things for the travelling horse. In many ways little has changed because little has needed to, and when it comes to road transport it seems the balance is already right. Innovations such as Equilume may well eradicate jetlag in the near future, and clinical monitoring is already lowering instances of shipping fever. As George Smith concludes, “It’s all about space, experienced handlers, and safety and cleanliness.” And primarily, in travel as in the stable yard, good ventilation and clean air. In short, ensuring a ‘home from home’ in the truest sense of the words possible. ■

Horse boxes should be as clean and comfortable as possible 52



10th & 11th September 2016 leopardstown & the curragh

10 Group races FeaturinG

5 Group 1 races The QIPCO Irish Champion Stakes The Palmerstown House Estate Irish St. Leger The Coolmore Matron Stakes The Moyglare Stud Stakes The Goffs Vincent O’Brien National Stakes

€4.5 million prize-money including four €150,000 EBF Handicaps Handicap Entries Close 24th August • Group 1 Second Entries Close 3rd August Full programme details are available on


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10/06/2016 17:41





GUT FEELING Research into gastric ulcers





Access to pasture reduces the risk and extent of ulceration for stabled horses

For horses in race training and others in hard work, the risk of developing gastric ulcers at some point in their career would seem to be almost inevitable, according to the statistics. Diet has long been suggested to have a significant effect on the occurrence and severity of ulcers, but after many years of studying their aetiology, are we any nearer to being able to offer definitive dietary advice?


WORDS: DR CatheRine Dunnett PhOtOS: FiOna BOYD, PROFeSSOR CeLia MaRR

DEQUATE forage has always been seen as a prerequisite for gastric health, as the incessant chewing involved in its consumption leads to the production of copious quantities of saliva. Saliva has a protective action due to its mucous-like properties and also has an antacid component in the form of bicarbonate. Unlike the lower glandular region of the stomach, the non-glandular portion has no bicarbonate-producing cells and so relies on the protective properties of saliva. German researchers estimated that horses exposed to pasture or hay versus cereal-based concentrate produce nearly twice the volume of saliva. Some forages may, however, be more effective protectants than others. The extent of chewing and saliva production is related to the fibre content of forage. Water is also very important in the fight against gastric ulceration, as consumption increases with increased fibre intake. However, there is a potential catch-22 here as one would assume that a more mature forage 56


would require more chewing and therefore stimulate higher saliva production, but equally is likely to have a lower energy content necessitating more concentrate feed. Clearly there is a balance to be had between chewing behaviour and energy intake from forage. Alfalfa, also known as lucerne, in various forms; hay, chaff, or ensiled has been reported to offer a double whammy of protection. Firstly, it will stimulate saliva production but also it has one of the highest digestible energy contents of forage. Another positive for alfalfa is its high protein content, which offers a higher buffering capacity than most other forages. Buffering capacity refers to the ability of chemical components to latch onto H+ ions, which are the acidic part of gastric acid. Particular amino acids within the alfalfa protein are able to complex with these H+ ions, as are any phosphate, hydroxyl, or carbonate ions associated with the calcium present in alfalfa. Small amounts of alfalfa chaff have been advocated to be fed prior to exercise, as it is believed that the coarse fibres will form an impenetrable matt to cap the gastric juices

and prevent encroachment on to the nonglandular parts of the stomach, and certainly this is evident from examining horses that have been fed prior to gastroscopy. Most of the research with respect to alfalfa and gastric ulceration is positive. However, some recent work suggested that the coarseness of this forage might lead to occasional mechanical damage to the mucosa, although this research was carried out in weanlings. Horses in race training have an energy expenditure that’s high enough to justify a significant intake of alfalfa / lucerne, as long as the concentrate feed is reduced accordingly to prevent excess condition. However, if overfed, alfalfa / lucerne would severely oversupply both protein and calcium, which is an issue in itself. In my experience, providing 25-50% of the forage in the form of alfalfa or lucerne is acceptable. Interestingly, whilst the use of a small quantity of alfalfa as chaff or hay is the norm in Europe, its use to partially or completely replace forage in the USA and Australasia is more widespread. Forage with a low protein and calcium content, such as straw, will have a low buffering capacity, and it has been reported that it can increase the risk of gastric ulceration if used in isolation as a forage source, which is highly unlikely in racing. In contrast, haylage is a popular choice in racing, and it is important to understand its higher water content and accordingly feed more. I am not aware of any studies that directly compare hay to haylage in terms of gastric ulcers, although I would

gastriAid-racing-A5-16.qxp_0 06/06/2016 16:42 Page 1

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GastriAid is an advanced formula containing a unique blend of key ingredients to maintain gastric health, soothe the stomach wall and support the balance of pH levels within the gut. GastriAid supports and maintains the digestive system naturally and encourages a healthy gut environment in those horses with compromised gastric health, giving them the stomach to perform. For more details please go to your local NAF stockist or call our Advice Line: 0800 373 106 or email

GASTRIC ULCERS Forage is vital in maintaining gastric health

expect the relative fibre content, degree of fermentation, and buffering capacity to be important factors for its suitability. So whilst the type of forage fed is an opportunity to help maintain gastric health, ensuring that horses in training have almost constant access to forage is vital, as an absence of it for more than six hours will substantially increase the risk of occurrence of gastric ulcers. There are not many racehorses in training that have constant access to pasture, although it could help considerably: the rate of spontaneous un-medicated healing of ulcers in horses when moved from a stable to a pasture environment is reportedly as high as 55%.

Meal feeding departs from nature’s intentions

Meal feeding is a significant risk factor to gastric ulceration, as it represents a departure from the natural way that horses would feed. Grazing allows horses to chew almost continuously with a constant delivery of saliva and food material to the stomach, which helps buffer the gastric contents and raises pH. This buffering effect should not be dismissed, as even when feed is withheld from horses before racing, for travel, or as a result of time between meals, if forage is not available the pH drops and acidity in the gastric fluid rises significantly. On this basis, the daily ration of a horse in training should ideally be split into as many meals as is practically possible and also evenly spaced out to avoid, for example, large meals in the evening or extended periods without food.



Where practically possible, feeding four, five, or six times a day is preferable to the norm of three meals. Where feeding rations are kept simple and cubes or relatively dry course mixes are fed, there is also an opportunity for automation. Automatic feeders can be employed to feed as many times as required, and according to one manufacturer, up to 16 feeds per day can be fed. Small, frequent meals are most important when the non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) content of feed (simplified as starch and sugar) is moderate to high. There is a clear relationship between NSC intake and an increased incidence of gastric ulceration, with a number of reasons as to why this is the case. Firstly, a concentrate feed requires less chewing than forage and therefore less saliva is produced. In addition, secretion of the hormone gastrin, which stimulates hydrochloric acid secretion in the stomach, is increased with high NSC-containing feeds and the gastrin release often continues, even after the feed has left the stomach. This feed

type is also hydrolysed more quickly and without accompanying forage, will leave the stomach empty for longer. Thirdly, there is some evidence that localised fermentation of starch within the stomach can lead to the accumulation of volatile fatty acids, which in an acidic environment become lipid soluble and can interfere with mucosal cell structure and function. The starch load per meal is the primary issue, which is obviously affected by the percentage of starch content of the feed as well as the meal size. Researchers have suggested that no more than 1g of starch per kilogram bodyweight per meal is advised, as above this level the risk of clinically significant gastric ulceration is increased by a factor of 2.5. Table 1 sets out some useful figures on this basis. A feed that is low in NSC and therefore suitable for horses at risk of gastric ulcers should not be used as rationale to neglect other areas of management. It’s always good practice to maintain the ‘little and often’ approach to feeding, as this will help optimise digestion by maintaining a slow

Starch content of concentrate feed to adViSaBle meal SiZe for gaStric health

High starch race feed Moderate Starch Race feed Low starch race feed

500kg horse in training Feed Max meal size starch % Starch g/kg 1g starch/ kg bodyweight/meal 35% 350g 1.4kg 20% 200g 2.5kg 10% 100g 5kg




Manufa Distribu Legal Ca 3446-EQ-

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370 mg/g Oral Paste for Horses Omeprazole Manufactured and Distributed in NI by: Norbrook Laboratories Ltd,Station Works,Newry,Co.Down,BT35 6JP. Distributed in GB by: Norbrook Laboratories (GB) Ltd,1 Saxon Way East,Oakley Hay Industrial Estate,Corby,NN18 9EX. Legal Category: POM-V Peptizole contains 370mg/g oral paste Omeprazole licensed for the treatment of gastric ulcers and the prevention of recurrence of gastric ulcers in horses. 3446-EQ-v1a-UK-09/09/15


Ulcers can return even with appropriate feed management

rate of passage of ingesta through the small intestine.

The key to managing gastric health is management

Medications such as omeprazole are in general effective at normalising gastric mucosa in affected horses, although in some this may require more than one course of treatment. However, on cessation of treatment, ulcers will quite often return, especially if feed and management issues are not resolved, and sometimes the ulcers do still return despite diligent management. Feed supplements are often used to either reduce the likelihood of development of gastric ulcers, as part of a management regime, or as an adjunct to veterinary therapy to reduce the likelihood of reoccurrence. Seabuckthorn berries and pulp have been hailed as useful for horses with gastric ulcers. A study carried out by Dr Frank Andrews, a noted veterinary scientist in this area,

The rate of spontaneous un-medicated healing of ulcers in horses when moved from a stable to a pasture environment is reportedly as high as 55%

showed some improvement in ulcers on the lower or glandular part of the stomach but no effect on the more common nonglandular ulcers. In this trial, a relatively high intake of 120ml orally twice daily was used. Conventional antacid ingredients including carbonates, bicarbonates, or phosphate salts have also been used in such supplements, but their ability to temper gastric acidity

Summary of feed management factorS to maintain gaStric health Continuous access to forage Include some alfalfa / lucerne Access to pasture Avoid straw bedding


Water availability Avoid long periods without feed / forage including overnight Small frequent meals Efficacious supplement


Feed low to moderate in NSC Less than 1g starch/kg bodyweight per meal Added oil

will depend on the length of time they are retained within the stomach. The nonglandular mucosa is at a disadvantage, as it does not have a significant mucous barrier to help protect it from the ravages of gastric fluid. Ingredients that may coat or adhere to the gastric mucosa or prolong residence time in the stomach such as pectin, lecithin, sucraflate, and aluminosilicates have proved popular ingredients. Inclusion of oil in the diet has also been advocated, as it may delay the rate at which food leaves the stomach and may also blunt the production of gastric acid, as well as contributing to a localised antiinflammatory response. There is also evidence that the proliferation of ‘acid-loving’ bacteria in the stomach, including Streptococcus sp., Lactobaccillus sp., and Escherichia coli species, can inhibit healing of ulcers, and the use of probiotic and/or prebiotic ingredients have been used to help normalise the population of microflora, allowing healing mechanisms to proceed. Interestingly, a study has just been published by research groups from the veterinary schools in Glasgow and Liverpool comparing the action of omeprazole with a proprietary supplement that contains a mixture of ingredients including oat oil, oat flour as a source of beta glucan, mannanoligosaccharide-rich yeast derivatives, L-glutamine, and L-Theanine. The sample size of thoroughbreds in race training was 45 and all had non-glandular ulcers of grade 2 to 4. At 30 days, the proportion of horses with a reduced ulcer score compared to day 0 was significant for both omeprazole and the supplement, although the supplement was considered as statistically inferior to omeprazole on direct comparison at this time. However, by 90 days the supplement was non-inferior to 4mg/kg omeprazole administered daily, in terms of the proportion of horses with complete resolution of squamous (non-glandular) ulceration. This is a very interesting study but with some limitations related to the sample size and noncontinuous use of omeprazole during the 90 days due to racing commitments. When using a feed supplement, I would always advocate one with some published scientific data to show its benefit. Consider it to be part of a trainer’s due diligence process to ask for evidential data or research for their own evaluation, or for someone within their team that has the appropriate expertise. The impact of other non-feed related factors on gastric ulceration such as genetics, environment, stress, and intense exercise itself can’t be discounted. There are many horses that despite good feeding management will still develop gastric ulcers. However, we now have a lot more information regarding feeding and management steps that can be taken to reduce the likelihood of gastric ulcers as part of a coordinated approach to maintaining gastric health. n


Feed more winners with SPILLERS® SARAH NELSON, of SPILLERS® outlines the company’s excellent credentials in terms of providing specialist nutrition and support for racing.


PILLERS® has a wealth of racing industry expertise to complement our comprehensive portfolio of specialist racing feeds to meet the requirement of racehorses from rest through to full training. Levels of digestible energy, protein and amino acids are specifically tailored to suit the horse’s level of training, whilst all products contain chelated minerals to maximise absorption and live yeast to help support digestive health. All SPILLERS® racing products also contain a high level of vitamin E which plays a key role in muscle health, and a high level of vitamin C for respiratory support. SPILLERS® HDF® Lay Off Mix and Cubes are ideally suited to horses on box rest or in light or pre training that don’t require the high levels of energy found in traditional racing diets. The controlled starch content in these products helps support digestive health whilst also promoting calm behaviour and controlled performance. SPILLERS® HDF® Power Mix and Cubes are formulated using a blend of highly digestible fibre, controlled levels of

cooked cereal starch and oil to support the athletic performance of horses in heavy training. The blend of highly digestible soya hulls and rapeseed oil reduces reliance on cereal starch thus helping to support optimum digestive and muscle health, without compromising on energy delivery.

SPILLERS® Racing Mix and SPILLERS® Racehorse Cubes are traditional, high energy racing diets specifically formulated to meet the requirements of horses in heavy training. SPILLERS® Racing Mix contains a palatable blend of steam cooked barley, lightly rolled and naked oats, maize and peas. All our feeds are manufactured in a mill that has quality at the heart of everything it produces. We work hard to maintain the highest of standards in every aspect of our work from the formulation, manufacture and performance of our feeds, to the service we offer our clients and the advancement of scientific research. We source only the highest quality ingredients from approved suppliers and work closely with British Equestrian Trade Association (BETA) to help maintain and improve food safety standards throughout the industry. SPILLERS® is accredited to the BETA NOPS (naturally occurring prohibited substances) code which ensures the suitability of all SPILLERS® products for horses racing under BHA ■

SPILLERS® is unique in the equine feed industry because it has the scientific backing of WALTHAM®, a leading authority on pet nutrition. WALTHAM® is also home of the Equine Studies Group, led by Professor Pat Harris. Pat is a qualified veterinary surgeon and European specialist in veterinary clinical and

comparative nutrition who has authored or co-authored over 500 scientific papers. The WALTHAM® Equine Studies group collaborates with scientists and nutritionists throughout the world and by publishing their research, is committed to sharing knowledge with vets, owners and trainers. Pat is available for consultation and can work with your yard vet to discuss any clinical nutritional issues,strengthening the overall support SPILLERS® can offer ■

SPILLERS® fed, Galileo Gold winning the 2016 QIPCO 2000 Guineas (Group 1) trained by Hugo Palmer.

THE TEAM SPILLERS® has a team of four Thoroughbred Specialists who work closely with breeders and trainers to provide specialist nutritional support. All have extensive practical experience in the industry and can provide regular yard visits which can be individually tailored to include forage analysis, a weighbridge service and a full nutritional consultancy and ration formulation as required. To find out more about our feeds and how we can help to support your racing yard, please visit our website or call/email one of our dedicated Thoroughbred Specialists. Kay Scriven (South) +44 (0)78171 32678 / Karon Brown (North) +44 (0)78609 55719 / Samantha Bennett (Midlands and South East) +44 (0)77762 48957 / Dominique Winpenny (France & Northern Ireland) +44 (0)77368 85876 or +33 1828 81036 / dominique. 78




ADVERTORIAL Dr Tom Shurlock: Feeding for Gastro-Intestinal Health Ulceration is an industry wide problem. Clinical signs of ulcers include colic, diarrhoea, poor appetite, teeth grinding, salivation and poor physical performance. However, in many cases these signs are missing, and the only way of detection is through gastroscopy. Unfortunately, as the name implies, this can only investigate the stomach and it is becoming increasingly apparent that ulcers occur along the whole length of the gut. Ulceration is caused by a number of factors but the two main culprits are excessive acid in the stomach and stress, with the former impacting on the latter. The horse continuously generates acid from the fundus layer of the stomach. Under normal conditions this is partially neutralised by saliva produced by chewing feed, with excess acid absorbed onto the fibrous material entering the stomach. However, with an exercising animal fed on high levels of concentrate and with limited access to grazing this can lead to two ulcerative conditions:

Squamous Gastric Ulcer Disease (SGUD): This occurs in up to 90% of performance horses. The stomach of the horse has two areas, separated by a band. The upper layer – the squamous mucosa – does not contain any secretory cells and is not fully protected by the mucus lining that covers the lower area - fundus mucosa – the secretory area. Feed with a high starch or cereal content does not stimulate much saliva production or absorb much acid. Also, as it is fed in discrete meals, there are periods where there is nothing to bind the acid. So when we exercise our horses, acid sloshes up into the upper region and burns the stomach lining. Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome (EGUS): This is more complex and feeding high levels of starch is a major cause. Bacteria in the stomach ferment the starch forming lactic acid which increases the acidity of the stomach and this encourages the growth of acid-loving bacteria. The bacteria can penetrate the mucus lining – especially in areas where stressful conditions compromises mucin secretion – and infect the stomach wall. The infection leads to ulceration and this can lead to perforation. Additionally, releasing a highly acidic mix into the small intestine can overwhelm the buffering capacity of the gut and allow infection to progress along its length. Treatment includes drugs to inhibit acid production, antacids and barrier protectants, such as sucralfate, that try to strengthen the mucus linings. Pectins, especially those with high esterification, demonstrate high mucoadhesion along the whole gut, can stimulate mucin release and, in the case of beet pectin, produce emulsions that improve inclusion into the mucosal layer. Alfalfa has been shown to have a positive effect in lowering acidity in the stomach, even when fed with concentrates, an effect that can last 6 hours. Fibre-Beet contains these ingredients. It also contains phospholipids that improve emulsification. As such it may have a significant role to play in offsetting ulcers both in the stomach and the intestine. And because it is a combination of three super-fibres, feeding Fibre-Beet alongside a high energy concentrate won’t mean compromising energy, rather the prebiotic effects reported in research articles will maintain gut health and provide quality energy for the performance horse.

Fibre-Beet at Foulrice Park Racing Patrick Holmes, Foulrice Park Racing: “Prevention is always better than cure.

“Fibre-Beet helps to protect the horses from gastric ulcers as the pectins in the beet pulp soak up stomach acid and line the gut wall. “We didn’t have to completely change our existing feed regime, we just added FibreBeet to enhance what was already working for us. The results speak for themselves. Condition of the horses has noticeably improved with numerous ‘Best Turned Out’ wins and most importantly they are performing well on the track.” F O U L R I C E PA R K R AC I N G

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Super Fibre Conditioning Feed

• Feed alongside hard feed • High energy fibre source • Superb conditioning feed • Soaked feed aids rapid rehydration • Beet pulp improves muscle recovery rates after exercise • Pectins in beet pulp protect the stomach lining (reducing the risk of gastric ulcers)

Patrick Holmes, Foulrice Park Racing: “Prevention is always better than cure. FibreBeet helps to protect the horses from gastric ulcers as the pectins in the beet pulp soak up stomach acid and line the gut wall. The results speak for themselves – the horses look great and are delivering winning performances.”

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British Horse Feeds



Can we do more to influence the fortunes of our racing industries?



EMHF Veliefendi racecourse in Istanbul, where the racing industry is booming



INDUSTRY Duindigt the only remaining racecourse in the Netherlands

What is the state of health of our sport? It’s a question that’s difficult to answer. There seems little doubt that, globally, interest levels in horseracing are tracing a downward trajectory. Hardly surprising in a world of ever-increasing choice. Horseracing would not be alone in this situation. But to stop there would be to do racing a grave disservice, because the picture is very far from universal and it would be quite wrong to conclude that we are in inexorable and unavoidable decline. Yes, there are nations whose racing industries are on the verge of extinction. But there are also those where racing is positively thriving. Can we draw lessons from this, and perhaps even foster a situation in which more countries are rescued from the former category and directed into the latter? WORDS: DR PAULL KHAN, SECRETARY-GENERAL, EUROPEAN AND MEDITERRANEAN HORSERACING FEDERATION (EMHF) PHOTOS: EMHF, JOCKEY CLUB OF TURKEY


E don’t need to leave the EuroMed region to find examples of wildly differing fortunes. In Austria and the

Netherlands, for example, racing is fighting for its very survival. But look at Morocco and Turkey, and you will see flourishing industries with significant growth across a broad range of key indicators. Let us look more closely at each of these.


Horses in training Owners Racecourses Professional trainers Races Prize money* *Includes trotting racing



2005 136 97 1 18 76 ˆ 299,288

2015 53 50 1 10 7 ˆ 240,825


Holland has a history of thoroughbred racing stretching back to the 18th century and once had several smaller tracks supporting the main ones at Schaesberg and Duindigt. Now, just Duindigt remains and the last decade has seen a dramatic shrinking in the scale of the racing community, with prize money having dropped by nearly onethird in real terms, owners down by nearly half, trainers by 44%, and horses in training by over 60%. The most dramatic reduction has been in the number of races run, down from 76 to just seven. “It is harder today to find young people interested in the seven-day-a-week commitment that is being a stable lad or a jockey. They have other interests,” explains Cees Pluimgraaff of the Dutch Racing Authority, the Stichting Nederlandse Drafen Rensport (NDR). “And much of our country is undergoing urbanisation – we lost several stud farms recently to a new high-speed rail link, for example. But the biggest problem is the declining amount of bets from which contributions are drawn to fund Dutch racing.” Punters in Holland may bet – legally – on their own racing, either on-course, online, or at one of the 12 betting stations nationwide. All such bets go into the pari-mutuel pot, from which the government top-slices 2% and also takes tax at 29% from winning bets over a threshold of €454. The NDR receive some 15% of turnover on the racing at Duindigt. While it

EMHF also receives some contributions from sponsorships, it is the betting revenue on which it relies to fund the prize money pots for its races – and this income stream is dwindling. Pluimgraaff again: “In 2005, legal betting turnover was €33m – today it is €25m.” With inflation over the decade at 17.4%, this represents a real-terms decline of 35%. By comparison, it is estimated that Dutch people are now betting some €75m through an increasing array of ‘grey’ and illegal avenues. “If the government could help us to find a way to derive benefit from this illegal activity,” claims Pluimgraaff, “it would be transformational.”


If the Dutch statistics make for depressing reading, those for Austria are worse still. In 2005, the paint on the grandiose grandstands at Magna Racino, the most expensive sports complex ever built in Austria, had not long dried. Reported to have cost well over €100m in today’s terms and brainchild of Austrian-born Frank Stronach, Magna Racino joined long-established Freudenau racecourse, thereby doubling the number of tracks in the country. It started with a bang, offering a programme approaching 50 racedays and prize money per race equivalent to some €10,000 today. Today, the picture is very different. Freudenau closed soon after Magna Racino’s launch. Austrian racing could be said to have put all its eggs in one commercial basket, but it was not long before the new track was in decline. Many had questioned the choice of location – over 30km outside the city. Magna Racino suffered a body-blow with the collapse of Stronach’s umbrella company, Magna Entertainment, in 2007, from which it has never recovered. Its future – and therefore that of racing in Austria – is very much in doubt, with just eight thoroughbred races having been staged in 2015. Isabella Copar, one of the 12-strong Board of Austria’s racing authority, the Direktorium für Galopprennsport und Vollblutzucht in Österreich, reports dispiritingly low levels of interest, whether in the media or amongst the general public. And virtually no contact with the government, which does not even bother to derive tax revenues from the betting on Austrian races. “I think our problems can be traced back to the mid-’80s,” says Copar, “when racing and trotting (which, at the time were, with football, the only things people could bet on) sold their rights to the lotteries.” Today, a legacy payment from the lotteries still constitutes the lion’s share of racing’s income, but, at just €50,000, it provides little sustenance. Still less is gained from betting turnover on track, which amounts to just €30,000-40,000 per raceday, from which Austrian racing receives 4%. Some income also comes from the shops, dotted around 68


AUSTRIA 2005 2 48 150 270 ˆ 1,295,240

Racecourses Racedays Races Horse to have run Prize money the country, of the two betting operators. But Austrians have a wealth of alternatives to divert them from the remaining action at Magna Racino, being able to bet online on racing and other sporting events around the globe, as well as in casinos and on the lotteries. Austrian racing has a venerable backstory. After all, Austria introduced horseracing to electronic timing in 1901, 33 years after the first Austrian Derby was run. Let us hope this year’s is not the last.

2015 1 3 8 55 ˆ 25,000


Austria’s situation is in stark contrast to the fortunes of the past decade in Turkey. The addition, to the seven existing racecourses, of Diyarbakir racecourse in 2009 and Kartepe four years later has helped provide 70% more racing opportunities for its burgeoning population of thoroughbreds. Horses in training are up 37% and owners by 44%. Even when stripping out the effect of inflation, prize money has doubled. Tote betting holds a monopoly in Turkey.

TURKEY Racecourses Owners Trainers Races Horses in training

Prize money (inc. breeders premiums) Prize money in 2015 terms Prize money in 2015 terms Prize money per race

2005 7 1315 546 1695 2411

2015 9 1902 576 2898 3313

2005 65.6m Turkish lira (TL) 114.1m TL ˆ 34.23m

2015 227m TL 227m TL ˆ 68.1m ˆ 23,500

Ankara racecourse – the number of racecourses in Turkey has more than doubled in the past 10 years


Horses have a large social and cultural heritage in Morocco and the staggering growth of racing in the country reflects this

Turks can bet off-course in one of 2750 or so outlets, on a full range of sporting markets, and also on their national lottery. A broad range of international betting arrangements has been built up, with punters from several countries betting into the Turkish pools. Online betting is also on offer – on racing through the Jockey Club, and on other sports through other agents. The takeout rate is an eyebrow-raising 50%, but this does not deter the punters, who bet well over €1b on Turkish racing. Crucially, the Turkish Jockey Club (TJC) receive 22% of this: 12% is retained as the cost of management, and 10% – over €120M – is returned to racing. This enables the TJC to support its breeding industry and provide prize money levels of some €23,500 per race – in Europe, only France and Ireland are in the same ballpark. It’s an owner’s paradise – in 2012, the last year for which the IFHA has published figures for Turkey, owners in Turkey received no less than 156% of their costs back, while French owners could expect to get back 57%, and British owners 21%. Cultivating good relations with the government and having a strategic plan are key, as TJC President Yasin Kadri Ekinci explains: “We work very closely with the Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Finance. We are working on establishing the perception that horseracing deserves, on every level from the government to the public. For example, we have created a respectful historical documentary about the history of

horseracing, in order to make people realise its socio-economic impact. We have initiated equine therapy at the racecourses and give riding lessons to children and adults, trying to recreate the connection which we have unfortunately lost in our modern lifestyle.” The result: an important and vibrant industry that not only provides millions with entertainment but also supports 40,000 jobs directly and 200,000 indirectly.


Morocco’s recent performance even surpasses Turkey’s. Growth here has been little short of staggering. The building of Khémisset and Meknès racecourses, in 2009 and 2011 respectively, has taken the number of tracks from four to six. Races staged across the country have doubled and the number of horses competing in them has seen a whopping leap of 167%. Prize money on offer has grown from 36m dirhams to 118m dirhams (approximately €10.74m). With inflation having been running at a modest 1.9% per annum during this time, this represents a real-terms increase of 180%. Small wonder the number of owners is at a level nearly six times that of 2005. The betting landscape in Morocco is uncomplicated. Pari-mutuel is the only show in town, and punters experience an unremarkable 30% takeout rate, with the government taking 18% and the racing sector a healthy 12%. Where the betting takes place on-course, the racecourses themselves receive

MOROCCO Number of different starters Number of registered owners * Number of trainers ** Number of racecourses Number of races Prize money (dirhams)

2005 1249 346 13 4 1,231 36m

2010 2417 812 22 5 1,758 51.5m

2015 3333 2336 50 6 2,292 118.2m

* Total number of owners with horses participating at least once during the five previous years ** The large majority of owners train their horses themselves



racing’s cut. But the lion’s share is conducted in cafés around the country, and here racing’s share goes to its authority, the Societe Royale d’Encouragement du Cheval (SOREC). There is no online betting – though that may change next year. And punters may only bet on Moroccan racing. Since 2012, through an agreement with France Galop, French punters and some European partners are able to bet on 23 Moroccan races spread over four days’ racing, on which SOREC receive commission. SOREC thereby pays not only the significant prize money available, but also for managing the national stud, making investments in racecourse infrastructure, and several other equestrian activities, including the culturally important ‘fantasia,’ or traditional equine shows. The horse plays a central role in the national culture and heritage of Morocco and, as is evidenced by the name of the racing authority, still enjoys active royal patronage. “Moroccan racing is fortunate,” says Omar Skalli, SOREC’s dynamic CEO, “in as much as the government, recognising the unique cultural and social heritage associated with horses in Morocco, gives particular consideration to the equine sector, and plays a key role in its development. This has enabled the standards of racing regulation to rise, including anti-doping control and security. Audio-visual recording equipment has been updated, infrastructure has improved across the racetracks and in the country’s two training centres. Significant efforts have been made to improve breeding quality through the purchase of high-quality stallions. There has been investment in stakeholder skills, including a national horse institute in Rabat and a jockey-training program. Neither has horse welfare been neglected. There is a new equine hospital in Rabat, and regular training sessions in equine medicine are held for veterinary surgeons. It is estimated that the horseracing sector (all breeds combined) supports some 16,000 jobs – up from 10,000 ten years ago.” What should we make of all this? Of course, there are myriad reasons – cultural, geographical, etc. – that determine the direction of travel when it comes to the snakes and ladders of European racing. But governmental support will always help. So what is the message for governments? I think it is this: provide a benign financial environment for horseracing, and it will repay you many times over, in tax revenues, employment with a rural bias, and the contented enjoyment of your citizens. Ideally, create a favourable climate for betting on horseracing, as against other, more arid, gambling options, which lack racing’s jobcreating credentials. And, of course, the reverse is true: ignore or stifle your racing industry, and you will see the opposite – declining income, unemployment, and the snuffing out of proud historical tradition. If we can be more active in conveying this lesson, we can benefit the racing industries in all our countries, whether struggling or buoyant. n

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International horse movements and disease risk




The expansion of the equestrian sport horse and racing industries has led to increased movement of horses worldwide, and this has the potential to increase the risk of global spread of infectious equine diseases. WORDS: MORGANE DOMINGUEZ, SUSANNE MÜNSTERMANN, PETER TIMONEY PHOTOS: HORSEPHOTOS, SHUTTERSTOCK


O mitigate the risk of disease spread, international horse movements are strictly regulated. The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) is mandated by its 180 member countries to improve animal health and welfare. The OIE has developed international standards for 18 important equine diseases. The disease risks vary depending on the country of origin and destination. Depending on exactly how each disease is spread, requirements for international horse movements include pre-export and/or post-arrival quarantines, laboratory tests, vaccination, etc., and these must be certified by veterinary authorities. However, despite these risk-mitigating regulations, incidents of disease introduction as a result of the international movement of horses still occur occasionally. A review recently published in Equine Veterinary Journal summarised evidence of such circumstances. The equine disease events were identified from the databases of the OIE and international surveillance reports, and the report covered the officially notified incidences, confirmed by either national



into the importing country. The other 47 events did lead to the introduction of pathogens (bacteria, viruses, or other infectious agents) into importing countries, and for about half of these events (24/47), this resulted in subsequent transmission of the infectious agent to local horse populations.

How were these diseases introduced? or international reference laboratories as conclusively resulting from international live horse movements, that occurred from 1995 to 2014. This review provides an unique overview of the disease events that resulted from international horse movements over the past decades, and it allows lessons to be drawn for the development of international recommendations for the safe movements of horses.

What diseases were introduced by imported horses?

Overall, 54 disease events were identified. Equine influenza (13 events) and contagious equine metritis (12 events), both highly contagious, were the most frequent cause of disease introduction resulting from international horse movement. In seven cases, the infected horses were detected during post-arrival quarantine, and as a result, the infected horses were not released

It is important to distinguish temporary (<90 days) and permanent (>90 days) importation, although this could not be confirmed for 13 disease events. The 41 other events resulted from permanent importations (35 events) or illegal movements of horses (six events). Of particular importance to the racing industry, none of these disease events were linked to the temporary importation of live horses meant to compete at an international equestrian event or race. Nevertheless, complacency is not appropriate. In over 80% of the cases where disease-causing agents were introduced into the country of destination, failure of compliance with the OIE disease specific recommendations was identified. These included: ● pre-export (e.g., failures in pre-export laboratory tests, pre-export vaccination history, disease surveillance in the importing country); ● during shipment; ● post-arrival (e.g,. failures in post-arrival

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Subclinical infections are a challenge for international trade and for some diseases, clinical signs alone cannot be relied on


and dissemination of equine pathogens from horses travelling internationally. Monitoring and verifiying compliance with import protocols is essential in limiting the frequency of disease introduction.

A zero risk does not exist

Compliance with import protocols represents a risk mitigation approach. It is not a zero-risk approach. While protocols for international movements are designed to manage the disease risks involved, they are not robust when there are any imperfections in their implementation. Failure can occur at any stage (pre-export, during shipment, or post-arrival). Even when the standards for trade are applied rigorously, there is an inherent, albeit low, risk of pathogens being introduced into importing countries. Subclinical infections are a challenge for international trade and for some diseases, clinical signs alone cannot be relied on. Laboratory testing for the presence of these infections with fit-for-purpose diagnostic tests is essential. However, it has to be borne in mind that laboratory tests performed pre-export or post-arrival may fail to detect specific infections. It is also possible horses become infected after being sampled for laboratory tests (including during shipment). Finally, misdiagnosis in post-arrival quarantine could result in the release of infected horses. Additional risks include biosecurity breaches in post-arrival quarantine and thus the potential for spread of a pathogen.

You can prevent disease spread

laboratory test, biosecurity breaches in postarrival quarantine, clinical misdiagnosis in post-arrival quarantine).

Why did no one notice the horses were ill?

In almost 90% of disease introduction events, the infected horses did not show signs of clinical disease at the time of import. Subclinical infections are a challenge for international trade.

How to limit the impact of the disease introduction

Analysis of the factors that contributed to the occurrence or non-occurrence of local transmission highlight the importance of local biosecurity practices. For instance, for



venereal diseases, pre-breeding screenings are critical in mitigating the potential impact of introduction of the pathogen. For diseases that spread by direct or indirect contact, the protocols in place, such as isolation, vaccination, or screening programs, in the populations to which the imported horses are introduced are critical in mitigating the risk of transmission.

What were the Lessons? Import protocols are critical

For 81% of the disease events, the OIE recommendations applicable to the diseases involved had not been complied with. This is a stark reminder that the strict observance of international standards is paramount in reducing the risk of disease introduction

When receiving a horse from abroad into a training yard, it should be monitored carefully despite compliance with import protocols. Although the risk of disease introduction is very low, the continuous observance of good health management practices are essential in preventing disease spread from imported horses to the local horse population and the subsequent impact of any incident of disease introduction. This includes isolation of new entrants and close health monitoring of the resident equine populations to promptly detect any sign of disease. Vaccination and screening programs of the resident population may also be considered.

A new approach: the high health, high performance (HHP) concept

HORSE MOVEMENTS AND DISEASE In an effort to facilitate the temporary import of horses for the purpose of competing in international sporting events while minimising the risk of disease introduction and spread, the OIE, together with the Fédération Equestre Internationale (FEI) and the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities (IFHA), has developed the “High Health High Performance horse – (HHP)” concept. The HHP concept ensures full traceability of all international sport horse movements for temporary entry.

What is a high health status?

The HHP concept is a globally applicable framework consistent with the mitigation measures identified by this review as being important factors in preventing pathogen introduction and spread. The high health status of the HHP horses is established by the continuous application of stringent health management practices and biosecurity procedures to create and maintain at all times a functional separation between HHP horses and horses of different health status. The health requirements for qualifying as an HHP horse are harmonised internationally and comprise a specific set of laboratory tests, treatments, and vaccinations appropriate to the disease status of the country/region of origin, regions visited, and the regions that it will visit, combined with limiting the exposure to horses of undefined status for a period of time in line with the recognised incubation period of the diseases of concern. In addition, continuous veterinary supervision of HHP horses is an important element that allows for rapid detection of any sign of disease, so that in conjunction with sound contingency planning, appropriate measures can be taken to minimise the risk of spread.

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What is the role of private operators?

The HHP concept defines a clear role for the persons in regular contact with the horses (trainer, owner, transporter, etc.) to comply with the HHP practices and preserve the high health status of the horses that are under their responsibility. Monitoring compliance with the HHP requirements is integrated into the concept through strengthened collaboration between national veterinary authorities and the private equine sector (national equestrian federations and national racing authorities). The FEI and the IFHA encourage all national federations and authorities to support this concept. The HHP biosecurity requirements as described in the OIE Handbook for the management of HHP horses shall be implemented by the equine industry (FEI and IFHA) on the basis of corresponding operational guidelines developed by the industry.

Subclinical infections are a challenge for international trade and for some diseases, clinical signs alone cannot be relied on


Incidents of disease introduction as a result of international movement of live horses are very infrequent. In the main, those incidents occur when international standards are not complied with. Compliance with import protocols regulating international horse movements in line with international standards is paramount in mitigating potential risk of disease introduction. In addition, the continuous observance of best biosecurity practices and best health management practices – as prescribed in the HHP framework – represents an additional safeguard to mitigate any residual risk of disease spread from imported horses. n More information on the HHP concept is available at:

y a W e L e a d i n g th T: +44 (0)28 3084 8844 E:




All work and play at the Merial CPD Raceday The first in a series of combined seminar and raceday equine performance CPD events was held at York Racecourse in May. Organised by European Trainer Magazine for Merial Animal Health and supported by Bedmax and Haygain, the clinical series included a top lineup of speakers. Dr Rhiannon Morgan MRCVS attended and reports on the latest thinking in equine health. WORDS: DR RHIANNON MORGAN MRCVS PHOTOS: GILES ANDERSON

Jo Gater-Willats: Equine influenza vaccines

Jo Gater-Willats of Merial Equine started off by addressing the question, ‘What do we want from a vaccine?’ The answer: long-lasting protection against equine influenza for the individual horse, ensuring the horse does not suffer from clinical disease and can perform to its optimum ability. Gater-Willats went on to explain that potential immunity gaps can occur, typically between the second and third vaccines, and after this, the level of antibody in the horse can wane over the course of the first year. Unvaccinated animals act as a reservoir for disease and their impact on a potential epidemic is therefore enormous. Reducing the reservoir by vaccinating these horses and reducing the amount of shedding into the environment is critically important. Gater-Willats also emphasised the significance of the virus’s ability to evolve. Virus evolution can result in the vaccine strain being different to the field strain (the strain that the horse may be exposed to). The bigger the difference between these strains, the harder it is for the antibodies stimulated by the vaccine to recognise the virus challenge and be able to respond to it. The equine influenza A virus (H3N8) diverged into two different strains: the European strain (not seen since 2005 on a global scale) and the American strain, which split into the Kentucky (not seen since 2006) and Florida strains; clade 1 and clade 2 sublineages. Florida clade 1 is predominantly seen in the USA, and Florida clade 2 has been the main strain detected in the UK since 2010. “Whilst horses travelling around the world could potentially spread these strains, their global distribution is fairly established and the Florida clade 2 strain is closely monitored by the Animal Health Trust.” Gater-Willats warned that there have, so far, been two outbreaks of equine influenza in the UK during 2016, and historically most 78


outbreaks have occurred in the last half of the year, so we may see more. The number of outbreaks per year has increased over the last three years, but whether this is due to more frequent testing or to a true increase in outbreaks is unknown.

Rob Pilsworth: Joint pain: What are we treating and why are we treating it?

When a horse suffers from joint pain, the clinical signs very much depend on the underlying pathology occurring within the joint. Some problems occur more commonly at certain ages in the racing thoroughbred and are often affected by training status and the presence of any underlying developmental problems present since birth. Dr Rob Pilsworth of the Newmarket Equine Hospital explained that horses under two years old can suffer from Developmental Orthopaedic Disease manifesting as osteochondrosis dissecans (0CD) complex or subchondral cyst-like lesions (SCLL). OCD lesions result in weak, unstable bone; damaged cartilage; and floating debris, which causes an inflammatory response in the joint and can cause it to become swollen, hot, and painful. When treating these conditions, the main aims are to reduce the inflammatory reaction, restore the joint to normal function, and most importantly, to ensure we preserve the long-term integrity of the joint. Intra-articular medication can temporarily diminish the inflammatory response but the horse may continue to exercise on an unstable joint surface. The underlying problem remains and therefore the inflammation and joint pain will more than likely recur. Surgically removing

the debris and any damaged cartilage flaps, and providing an even surface for some degree of cartilage repair, is Pilsworth’s preferred treatment of choice. It is well known that the mechanical properties of the newly formed cartilage are incomparable to healthy hyaline articular cartilage. However, providing some protection to the underlying subchondral bone, which can be sensitive, and reducing the debris, which is driving the inflammatory process, would be the gold standard. Subchondral cyst-like lesions can occur secondary to OCD lesions or to other causes such as trauma. Treatment of these lesions often depends on the individual patient. Steroids administered either into the entire joint (intra-articular) or directly into the lesion (intra-lesional) are commonly used, accompanied by a period of rest and a controlled-loading rehabilitation programme. At two years old, the demands of racing thoroughbreds rapidly escalate from field turnout to cantering one-to-two furlongs carrying a rider. This increase in exercise intensity, and as such forces through the joint, may be multiplied by the presence of angular limb deformities causing abnormal and uneven loading of the joints. These factors can put substantial strain on all joint components: the fibrous joint capsule, synovial membrane, supporting ligaments, and subchondral bone, resulting in possible capsulitis, synovitis, and/or bone bruising, respectively. These conditions can manifest as hot and effused joints, which are painful to flex and may cause lameness. However, there will be little radiographic evidence. The treatment aims are exactly the same as those when treating younger horses: to reduce the inflammatory response, restore the joint to normal function, and preserve the long-term integrity of the joint. There is usually no loss of cartilage integrity in these conditions and therefore, Pilsworth recommends conservative treatment; reducing exercise

MERIAL RACEDAY Meriel Moore-Colyer discussing the future of feeding

intensity to jogging or walking if clinical signs are severe. A single intravenous injection of steroid and hyaluronic acid, and a course of non-steroidal anti-inflammatories such as phenylbutazone or suxibuzone, will reduce the inflammatory response. Concurrent cold therapy and remedial shoeing to address conformational abnormalities is also advised before re-assessment and a return to more intensive exercise. Subchondral bone pain can occur in all four fetlock joints, or both carpi (knees), which can complicate lameness detection, as it may appear absent to the naked eye when the horse is trotted up for assessment. However, this condition is best detected as early as possible. It starts as a reversible fluid-like signal on magnetic resonance images (MRI) and increased radiopharmaceutical uptake (hotspots) on scintigraphy, but there will be no obvious radiographic evidence and the joints are often not distended. If caught early, changes in the two-year-old are often reversible with a period of rest. If left to deteriorate, the subchondral bone can become dense and avascular, and the condition may then lead to irreversible changes and catastrophic events. Pilsworth recommends an abrupt stop in training, walking exercise for

one month followed by trotting exercise only for a month. If it is not worth re-training the horse that season, a period of turnout may be advised. Osteochondral fragmentation, commonly referred to as fetlock or knee chips, occur due to abnormal bone ‘chipping’ off at exercise. Treatment aims are the same as previously described, as we are treating unstable bone, debris in the joint, and a cartilage flap. Pilsworth highly advises surgical removal of these chips and debridement of abnormal bone back to normal bone.

Tim Brazil: Equine Gastric Ulceration Syndrome (EGUS) in equine athletes: does it effect performance and can we do anything about it?

Tim Brazil from Bourton Vale Equine Clinic explained that there is little scientific evidence to suggest that equine gastric ulceration syndrome (EGUS) can adversely affect a horse’s performance. However, 58% of elite human athletes suffering from a similar

condition known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) experience a decrease in time to exhaustion. We assume that EGUS causes pain that may suppress the horse’s appetite and cause weight loss, a change in temperament, or decrease their racing performance. Horses with experimentally induced ulcers were assessed under simulated race training conditions and found to also experience a decrease in time to fatigue, an increase in aerobic capacity, and an increase in stride length. These last two factors may possibly be related to pain. The stomach of the horse contains two main compartments: the upper squamous and lower glandular areas. The squamous area does not contain glands, has a pH >4 (less acidic than the glandular area), and has little protection from stomach acid. It is designed to hold forage and can ulcerate but then subsequently heal quickly. The glandular area contains the gastric glands with parietal cell proton pumps to produce stomach acid. To help protect this layer of cells, a thick mucus barrier, which traps bicarbonate, covers the stomach lining. Blood flow within the stomach lining is critical to maintaining healthy cells. The deepest part of this area contains a highly dense, very acidic liquid (pH 1-2), with medium density ISSUE 54 TRAINERMAGAZINE.COM



Merial highlights the relationship between a horses feed and the health of thier respiratory system

material (moderately acidic, pH 4-5) floating above it, and low density fibre material (mildly acidic, pH 5-7) settling on top of this layer. This layering and subsequent reduction in acidity towards the squamous area is critical for squamous lining protection. The squamous area is affected by Equine Squamous Gastric Disease (ESGD), which can be caused by stomach acid splashing onto the squamous mucosa. Horses working at high speeds are predisposed to ESGD, which may be due to excessive acid exposure, especially from the deeper parts of the glandular area that can be as low as pH 1-2. This causes a deterioration in the effectiveness of the stomach lining, which can lead to ulcers and also allow bacteria to colonise, which may exacerbate and prolong ulceration. The glandular part is affected by Equine Glandular Gastric Disease (EGGD), which may result in primary glandular ulceration due to a failure of barrier function secondary to decreased stomach lining perfusion, decreased bicarbonate concentration, or decreased mucus content. Brazil has diagnosed EGUS in 90% of

thoroughbred racehorses presented with suspected clinical disease. Of these, 85% suffered from squamous ulcers and 65% from glandular ulcers. Risk factors for these conditions include intermittent feeding, low roughage diets, repetitive high-speed exercise, stabling, and a change in routine. Highconcentrate diets, needed to maintain the performance of the racehorse, can stimulate the production of stomach acid. At highspeed exercise, the increased intra-abdominal pressure can compress the stomach, causing the acid within the lower glandular area to splash upwards over the squamous area. If the horse has been starved, the acidity within the glandular area has been shown to increase further. Brazil also advised that horses with colic and low-grade pain, commonly caused by orthopaedic issues and possibly being treated by long term anti-inflammatory medication, can also be predisposed to ulcers.

How can we manage these conditions?

We want to decrease or neutralise acid production to prevent highly acidic fluid

SIX WayS to Reduce the RISk of ulceRS 1.Feed hay or haylage ad lib • Multiple, small holed or double haynets 2.Regular turn out to grass – “trickle feeding” 3.Limit high starch hard concentrate feed • Multiple small meals ….use fibre & fat 4.Feed a small chaff meal pre-exercise 5.Dietary antacid gastroprotectant feed supplements • Be critical, ask for evidence, “horses for courses” 6.Strategic use of omeprazole • Travel, competition, moving yards



from coming into contact with the squamous region, minimise further injury and permit mucosal lining healing. To promote healing within the glandular region, mucosal blood flow and protective barrier function need to be enhanced. The most effective method of combatting these problems is to optimise feeding and management regimes.

Medical management

Omeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor that reduces stomach acid production. It is delivered in a paste that protects the omeprazole from degradation by the stomach acid. It is best administered on an empty stomach one hour before a small feed, with the horse worked one hour further later. Giving this on an empty stomach allows the drug to bind most efficiently to the acid secretory domain of the proton pump, producing up to 99% suppression of acid secretion. This method provides protection during the period of the day most likely to result in ulceration. Brazil highlighted that the most ineffective time to administer omeprazole is post-training in the morning. A lower dose can also produce improvement; however, Brazil strongly recommended an initial dose of 4mg/kg before possibly reducing the dose, depending on the horse’s response. Other anti-secretory agents such as ranitidine, a histamine H2 receptor antagonist, can also decrease acid production. These need to be given three times daily, and results depend on the individual horse. Improvements have been observed in some horses in training, and effective ulcer healing has been seen in horses rested at pasture. It could be valuable as a preventative therapy and is relatively cheap, however it is not licensed for equine use in the EU. Mucosal

PROVEN TO GO THE DISTANCE The formulation in GastroGard® is proven to deliver omeprazole beyond the stomach to areas of the gut where it can be rapidly & consistently absorbed into the bloodstream. That’s why thousands of vets and trainers worldwide trust GastroGard® to heal or prevent gastric ulcers in their horses, keeping them healthy for optimum performance.

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For the treatment and prevention of equine gastric ulcers

16/03/2015 17:01

INDUSTRY protectants and perfusion enhancers such as sucralfate and prostaglandin analogues are ineffective in squamous disease, but they may offer some use in glandular disease. Sucralfate can produce a gelatinous coating for ulcerated glandular mucosa, stimulating mucous secretion, prostaglandin, and mucosal perfusion. This is given twice daily, and after 8-12 weeks of concurrent use with omeprazole Brazil has experienced a 67.5% improvement. Feed supplements can also promote mucosal healing; corn oil given at 100-250ml per day can enhance glandular mucosal defence mechanisms and could offer some preventative protection. Gastric mucosal protectants such as pectin, seaweed, and algae-based products have also been used for glandular protection.

subsection can prevent parasitic spread. These horses can be effectively detected using faecal worm egg counts (FWEC). Annual targeted worming regimens can be designed with your vet and can be based on four FWEC per year, an egg reduction test to check for resistance, and one wormer. These plans can offer good financial savings as FWEC often cost less than wormers, and on average only one in five horses will require treatment. Alongside effective pasture management, the targeted worming programmes could help to prevent resistance and provide a large financial saving for the yard.

Lesley Barwise-Munro: Can quality bedding help performance or does it just look smart?

Dave Rendle: Managing worms for greatest effect

Dave Rendle, from Rainbow Equine Hospital, highlighted the problems caused by the routinely used interval dosing strategies. Regular worming within the ‘egg reappearance period’ aims to prevent egglaying and eliminate the parasites. However, this is causing an increase in selection pressure resulting in escalating parasite resistance and has failed to eliminate them. During the 1960s, worming strategies were designed to target large strongyles (large redworms) in the hope of preventing colic. This focus was revised in the 1990s due to the increasing concern over the pathogenicity of small redworms (cyathostomins) in the horse population. Unfortunately, targeted worming strategies were not embraced and cyathostomin resistance to all classes of wormers. 1. Benzimidazoles (e.g. fenbendazole): virtually ubiquitous cyathostomin resistance. Should not be used for treating cyathostomins without. 2. Pyrimidines (e.g. pyrantel): some cyathostomin resistance is present, so egg reduction tests are recommended prior to routine use. 3. Macrocyclic lactones (e.g. ivermectin/ moxidectin): isolated reports of resistance in roundworms and widespread resistance in ascarids. 4. Pyrazinoisoquinolones (e.g. praziquantel): no effect against roundworms. To prevent further resistance to all classes of wormers, we need to re-evaluate the horseparasite relationship, accept the presence of parasites, and facilitate a symbiotic relationship. Rendle highlighted that avoidance of worming too frequently is critically important, and that 80% of the worm burden is most likely carried by 20% of the herd. Therefore, only administering wormers to this burdened 82


The importance of considering the influence of the stable environment on performance was emphasised by Lesley Barwise-Munro. Shavings made from Scotts pine timber were shown to be very hygienic, harbouring significantly lower counts of bacteria compared to other bedding types. BarwiseMunro explained that shavings of three sizes within the same bale naturally form three layers in the stable. The smallest shavings make up the deepest layer, which can absorb urine and ammonia and help prevent subsequent airway irritation. The medium-sized shavings sit above this layer and provide a firm but comfortable supporting layer, and the largest shavings on the uppermost layer allow effective drainage of urine and keep the top layer dry. Lastly, Barwise-Munro emphasised the importance of vacuum-extraction to remove

Post talk refreshments

all particles smaller than 1000 microns, which prevents inhalation of these particles.

Bruce Bladon: Stress fractures: do we need to anaesthetise to cure?

Dr Bruce Bladon of Donnington Grove Veterinary Group described how stress fractures result from repetitive overloading of the bone at a rate that exceeds its ability to remodel, ultimately resulting in bone failure and fracture. Stress fractures occur at predictable sites such as the pelvis, tibia, and fetlock. These types of fractures may be radiographically silent and require scintigraphic or bone scan examination to highlight where the pathology is located. At first they may seem insignificant but can quickly progress to complete or even fatal fractures. Fetlock ‘stress’ fractures can affect the third metacarpal/tarsal (cannon) bone in the front or hind limb or the first phalanx or pastern bone. Fractures affecting the cannon bone, known as condylar fractures, can occur in the medial portion of the bone and can propagate upwards. These fractures are notoriously unstable. During recovery from a general anaesthetic there is always the chance that these can catastrophically and fatally break down. Controversy remains over the best way to correctly manage these fractures using surgical repair. However, because of the high mortality associated with recovery from general anaesthesia after medial condylar fracture repair, standing surgery is becoming increasingly popular. Bladon highlighted that one recent study reported on the return to racing after dynamic compression plate fixation of propagating medial condylar fractures of the

Your Chances in Germany


To close on July 12th 2016

BADEN-BADEN - Saturday, August 27th

Sparkassen Finanzgruppe - Group III - 55.000 Euro - 4+ - 2000 m

BADEN-BADEN - Sunday, August 28th

Goldene Peitsche - Group II - 70.000 Euro - 3+ - 1200 m

BADEN-BADEN - Thursday, September 1st Darley Oettingen - Group II - 70.000 Euro - 3+ - 1600 m

BADEN-BADEN - Saturday, September 3rd

Zastrow Stutenpreis - Group II - 70.000 Euro - 3+f/m - 2400 m

BADEN-BADEN - Sunday, September 4th

Zukunfts-Rennen - Group III - 55.000 Euro - 2yo - 1400 m To close on July 19th 2016

DÜSSELDORF - Sunday, September 11th Europa Meile - Group III - 55.000 Euro - 3+ - 1600 m To close on July 26th 2016

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DORTMUND - Sunday, September 18th

German St.Leger - Group III - 55.000 Euro - 3+ - 2800 m To close on August 2nd 2016

HOPPEGARTEN - Monday, October 3rd

Deutsche Einheit - Group III - 75.000 Euro - 3+ - 2000 m To close on August 9th 2016

DÜSSELDORF - Sunday, October 2nd

Landeshauptstadt - Group III - 55.000 Euro - 3+ - 1700 m

MÜNCHEN - Tuesday, November 1st

Preis von Bayern - Group I - 155.000 Euro - 3+ - 2400 m To close on August 16th 2016

KREFELD - Sunday, November 6th

Herzog von Ratibor - Group III - 55.000 Euro - 2yo - 1700 m To close on August 30th 2016

BADEN-BADEN - Sunday, October 23rd

Baden-Württemberg - Group III - 55.000 Euro - 3+ - 2000 m To close on September 6th 2016

HANNOVER - Sunday, October 30th

Herbst Stutenpreis - Group III - 55.000 Euro - 3+f/m - 2200 m To close on September 13th 2016

KREFELD - Sunday, November 6th

Niederrhein-Pokal - Group III - 55.000 Euro - 3+ - 2050 m - Racecourses offer additional transport allowances

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The Merial Animal Health seminar proved popular

third metacarpal bone, and stated that 40% of horses treated under general anaesthesia returned to racing compared to 71% of horses treated using standing surgery. One element of standing repair instigates the question: Can it be performed under comparable aseptic conditions to a general anaesthetic? There are several steps factored into the procedure to ensure that a sterile surgical environment is created. The horse can be washed and groomed, the abdomen concealed with a sterile laparotomy drape, and the foot covered using sterile gloves. The floor is lined with a sterile impermeable drape whilst the affected limb can be draped from top to bottom and the contralateral limb covered with more sterile drapes. However, with experience of the technique, it has become evident that excellent results can be achieved with simply draping the limb with a sterile bandage. To ensure the best chance of the horse standing still, complete analgesia is absolutely paramount. Nerve blocks are commonly used and tested once applied to make sure all areas are desensitised. When performing fracture repair, radiography is essential in placing screws in the correct position and orientation. Wireless direct radiography makes it convenient to perform during standing fracture repair, and numerous radiographs can be quickly and easily obtained throughout the procedure. This minimises surgical time and optimises screw placement, and subsequently fracture fixation success. 84


Bladon made the point that standing fracture repair was borne out of adversity, the high mortality with medial condylar fractures during recovery from anaesthesia, but it has flourished because of the ease of intra-operative radiography. Surgeons are becoming more ambitious and repairing more complicated fractures whilst standing, due to the benefits already mentioned. Bladon stated that out of 63 racehorses with six-month follow ups, 70% (44) raced again. This population were comprised of 73% lateral condylar fractures, 71% medial condylar fractures, and 70% split pasterns.

Moses Brennan: Recent advances in equine dentistry.

Dr Moses Brennan, from the Rainbow Equine Hospital, reiterated the importance of thorough regular dental examinations. Dental disease is often unapparent to owners until it is advanced and can subsequently progress to cause colic, weight loss, and oral soft tissue trauma. Brennan explained that oral endoscopy had been introduced over the last 10 years and improvements in this technology have produced vastly superior image quality. Pathology once difficult to detect, such as small fissure fractures, infundibular caries (regions of disease), and pulp exposure

(exposure of the internal structures of the tooth), can now be easily identified. These conditions, alongside periodontal disease (disease around the tooth root) and peripheral caries, can progress to cause secondary periapical infections (infections of the tooth root and surrounding tissue), bone infections (osteomyelitis), and infections within the sinuses (sinusitis). Once these conditions occur, the problem is much more difficult to treat and commonly requires more invasive surgical procedures to remove the diseased teeth or drain the sinus cavities. To aid diagnosis of these secondary complications, computed tomography (CT) of the equine head is increasingly being employed. This produces a detailed 3D image of the head, including all dental and sinus structures, which provides an invaluable tool for surgical planning. Equine cheek teeth are notoriously difficult to remove and advances in this area are also occurring. A new extraction technique called Minimally Invasive Transbuccal Screw Extraction (MITSE) is gaining popularity. Using specialised equipment, this method facilitates the removal of teeth by entering the mouth through the cheek. However, whenever a tooth is removed, diligent aftercare is always required. Equine teeth continuously erupt throughout their life and, therefore, the opposing tooth/teeth will not be worn down. Regular reductions will be required to keep it at the same height as the remaining occlusal surface and prevent other problems developing.


Meriel Moore-Colyer: ‘The future of feeding’ – optimising health and performance via dietary manipulation.

Respiratory disorders cause a lot of lost training days and are an economical loss to people who train racehorses. Professor Meriel Moore-Colyer stressed that the way we keep and feed horses actually compromises their respiratory system. Naturally, horses should spend 60% of their time outdoors eating, but instead they spend the majority of their time indoors, eat discrete meals, and are standing for 65% of their time. Horses have evolved to become tricklefeed grazers with a large hindgut. Bacteria, protozoa, and fungi (which make up the horse’s microbiome) all play a vital role in the slow digestion of fibre within the hindgut, producing volatile fatty acids, which the horse then metabolises for energy. It is crucial to maintain an active and healthy microbiome. Moore-Colyer emphasised that if you feed the microbes, you feed the horse, and these microbes need fibre! Research produced from Sweden has shown that you can successfully feed racehorses fibre. A group of racehorses

were fed a haylage-only diet for two-anda-half years, and bodyweight and exercise regimes were analysed. They met the energy requirements for growing and training, maintained their bodyweight, and ate roughly 2.3% bodyweight per day, which met expectations. Very high-quality fibre is key and high-class haylage, such as early cut Timothy grass, was used. These horses were compared to a second group fed a more conventional haylage with longer stems, supplemented with concentrates. They found that horses fed a haylageonly diet held 3kg more bodyweight on average; however, this extra bodyweight had no negative impact on the horse’s speed or lactic acid threshold. These horses also had a higher concentration of bacteroides microbes, which maintain an optimal environment for other microbes and help sustain a neutral pH to keep the gut working well. Racehorses fed a haylage and concentrate diet contained a less stable microbiome with higher levels of streptococcus bovis and lactobacilli sp., and a fluctuating gut pH. Blood biochemistry results from horses fed haylage-only diets had a higher venous pH, which could potentially help overcome the acidosis that sometimes occurs. They also suffered from a much lower incidence of colic. Moore-Colyer went on to explain that the type of forage fed is imperative to the health of your horse; young leafy forage, free from weeds, soil, and any visible moulds, is optimal. Good production and storage is also

key, as mould is associated with respiratory disease. Additionally, Aspergillus fumigatus grows when forage is not properly dried and stored, causing a build-up of spores and dust. When feeding animals kept in an enclosed area for 22-23 hours per day, the presence of dust and spores can have a devastating effect. There are many methods of treating forage before feeding it, but MooreColyer highlighted that the benefits of some techniques are highly questionable. Soaking forage leaches important nutrients, especially minerals. If these are lost, they need to replaced through feed supplements. Soaking forage, even for just ten minutes, has also been shown to increase the number of bacteria 1.5-5 fold. Steaming forage using DIY steamers is also a popular method of feed preparation in the UK. These devices can reduce respiratory inhaled particles by up to 40%, but by warming the hay to 5560°C, on average, it also encourages bacterial growth, which is contraindicated. Moore-Colyer advised that Haygain® hay steamers offer a solution to both preventing inhaled dust and bacterial growth. She described that using specially configured perforated spikes forces high temperature steam (over 100°C) from the centre of the bale outwards, ensuring it permeates the whole bale. This produces over 95% reduction in respiratory particles and kills bacteria and fungal spores, resulting in the production of a cleaner, more palatable forage, and subsequently a healthier horse. n

Back on Track’s own unique Welltex® fabric with infused ceramic particles, works by reflecting the body’s own infrared heat. The body responds positively by increasing circulation, which can relieve joint tension, maximise performance and help avoid injury. Visit our website to download a brochure or contact us at

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BACK ON TRACK® products for the travelling horse The Back on Track® range of high performance horse wear and clothing promotes a feeling of well-being through the use of advanced technology with foundations in ancient Chinese medicine. Developed in Sweden, Back on Track products are widely used in Europe for performance horses and jockeys to support circulation and wellbeing, which can be particularly beneficial for athletes while travelling or during recuperation. All Back on Track products are made of their revolutionary Welltex™ fabric which is infused with ceramic particles. These ceramic particles cause long wave infra-red heat to radiate back towards the body. The body responds positively to the infrared wave, increasing circulation, which can relieve joint tension, maximise performance and help avoid injury. Back on Track products are available for horses and humans. The range extends from horse rugs to travel boots and human base layers to knee and wrist wraps. The Back on Track Mesh Rug is a very popular lightweight multifunctional rug that can be used all year round and is perfect for traveling and after training or exercise due to its optimal breathable qualities and the benefits of the fabric. The sturdy and airy mesh covers a layer of thin Welltex® fabric infused with ceramic particles to help keep the horse cool, calm and relaxed. The Welltex® technology in the Mesh Rug can be used prior to exercise in order to warm up the muscles, as well as following exercise to aid recovery and recuperation. It may also be used under

other rugs during colder months. The rug comes with reinforcing fabric around the neck and soft quilting for the delicate wither area. It covers the chest, back, quarter and loin muscles and has double chest buckles and criss-crossed surcingles to ensure the best possible fit. The therapeutic value of Back on Track Quick Wraps Royal can aid recovery after exercise and keep legs warm in the stable or whilst travelling and the carefully designed shape provides gentle support to the legs, an added benefit when used after exercise. For more information, please visit

The importance of Biosecurity when transporting horses Races and Sales are prime places for your horse to catch infectious diseases. Application of the concepts of biosecurity are important at every level of the Equine industry. From the basic, yet essential, washing of hands through to equipment, horse box and stable disinfection. Biosecurity is vital in stopping the introduction and spread of animal diseases whilst transporting your horses. Regular disinfection might seem to be laborious and costly, however you must always remember to consider the consequences of not disinfecting. Infectious diseases are spread in various ways from direct contact with other animals, aerosol spread via droplets from coughs and sneezes to soiled bedding, urine and faeces. Mixing with other horses within their own training yard, within training centres and at the racetrack can 86


all be potential breeding grounds for strangles, salmonellosis, influenza, equine herpes virus, aspergillus niger, ringworm and EVA. If you care for your horses and always want the health of your horse not to be compromised then you should always follow a strict biosecurity regime. Proper health care, disinfection and an awareness of day-to-day hygiene are all means of prevention so that you have less chance of needing to cure! Steri-7 XTRA is DEFRA approved, has reactive barrier technology, 100% organic and non-corrosive! Now available in a 750ml trigger spray ReadyToUse (RTU). Handy size to take with you wherever you go. Available from Farm & Stable Supplies. For further information, please visit or call +44 (0)1730 815800


A Super-Fibre conditioning feed, FibreBeet is a formulated blend containing all the benefits of the original Speedi-Beet product, with added high quality alfalfa for optimum condition and to provide quality protein for muscle tone and function. Fibre-Beet is a carefully designed blend of highly degradable fibre sources that provide optimum fermentation patterns to help keep the digestive system healthy. High levels of pectins and surfactants can help maintain the mucus linings of the gut whilst the structural fibre absorbs excess stomach acid - helping combat the conditions for ulceration. Fibre-Beet is fermented to produce high levels of butyric acid, which aids the function of the cells of the gut wall, and low levels of lactic acid, making it an ideal alkaline feed. With an effective degradability 50% higher than forage fibre, Fibre-Beet can improve energy intake whilst keeping dietary fibre levels at an optimum. Super-fibres, such as beet pulp, alfalfa, oat fibre and soya hulls have an effective digestibility that is much higher than that found in forage and gives an energy

Fibre-Beet – a super fibre conditioning feed value similar to cereals such as oats, but without being restricted by meal size. By feeding a supplemental fibre, like Fibre-Beet, energy intake of forage can be improved and by choosing a beet pulp product you can power fast twitch fibres before resorting to cereal-based feeds. Fibre-Beet provides slow release energy without the ‘fizz’ and also contains a good range of minerals, trace elements and amino acids combined with a low sugar content. Ideal for horses prone to digestive upsets and very palatable for fussy eaters, Fibre-Beet has added biotin for hoof quality and is suitable for laminitics. It’s soaked and ready to feed in only 45 minutes in cold water, or 15 minutes in warm water. For more information on Fibre-Beet please contact British Horse Feeds on +44(0)1765 680300 or visit www.

Trainers rely on GastiAid from NAF to support a healthy gut “A Racehorse with a happy, healthy stomach is vital to performance. There are many factors that can affect performance alone without having to worry about the requirements of the stomach, which is why many trainers now believe in GastriAid from NAF. GastriAid is designed to naturally support a healthy gastric environment by helping maintain the pH balance in the gut. GastriAid’s advanced formulation contains a unique blend of natural ingredients, which help soothe the stomach wall, while pre and probiotics help balance the pH levels within the gut environment. These ingredients, together with herbal support, work to provide your horse with optimum gut condition in order for them to feel happy on the inside as their gut is maintaining a stable environment - giving your horse a happy, healthy stomach ready for performance.” For more information, please visit


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TopSpec UlsaKind cubes are formulated to be highly sympathetic to the equine digestive system, even when it is compromised by extreme acidity. The formula is very low in starch (Ultra Low Starch Analysis) and sugar and high in fibre but still has a conditioning index of 12MJ/kg making these cubes both ‘NonHeating’ and conditioning. TopSpec UlsaKind Cubes are ideal in those circumstances where the internal surface of the stomach has been eroded, because they contain very high levels of β-glucans which form a gel and coat the stomach lining with a protective film. The gel-like stomach contents are less likely to splash the upper squamous epithelium in the stomach. These β-glucans also slow the rate of passage of feed through the stomach and intestines because of the sticky, gel-like consistency of the feed. In the stomach this means that the periods of time when the stomach is empty and therefore highly acidic, are reduced. It also means that the small intestine has more time to absorb nutrients, reducing the levels of carbohydrate reaching the hindgut and potentially leading to excess lactic acid production. This effect is augmented by the addition of a source of pectin to the formula. Pectin thickens to a viscous mucus in the acidic

TopSpec UlsaKind Cubes conditions of the stomach. Because the β-glucans in TopSpec UlsaKind cubes bind to sugars in the intestine, their absorption is slowed and the glycaemic index of the feed is lowered. The TopSpec UlsaKind formula also contains 1% of a marine-derived ingredient with established buffering properties. This calcium and magnesiumrich substance has been scientifically proven to reduce the environmental acidity under simulated in vitro equine stomach digestive conditions for up to six hours. Omega 3 fatty acids are provided by two sources of linseed and the ratio of Omega 3:6 is higher than in most traditional horse feeds. Omega 3 fatty acids are less inflammatory than Omega 6 fatty acids. A little of the Omega 6 source, soya oil, is included in the formula as it has been scientifically proven to aid healthy protection of the gastric mucosa in other

species The highly digestible fibre in these cubes helps to promote the beneficial bacteria in the hindgut therefore further helping to maintain a healthy hindgut environment. Sodium, calcium and magnesium salts are added to the blend to provide the correct level of these major minerals. The calcium and magnesium sources also have a mild, short-term, buffering effect against stomach acid. TopSpec UlsaKind cubes are also highly suitable for any horses or ponies requiring a low-starch/ high-fibre diet for other reasons e.g. Those prone to, being treated for or recovering from laminitis, those that are ‘fizzy’ on high- starch feeds, those susceptible to muscle dysfunction when on high-starch feeds, those needing support for correct limb development, those intolerant to high-starch feeds for other reasons. For further information please contact the TopSpec Helpline on +44 (0)1845 565030 or visit

Feed oils that give you peace of mind Lambourn Horse feed oils are produced to the highest of standards and are independently tested to be free of naturally occurring prohibited substances. All oils are batch tested Free From Prohibited Substances (FFPS) as determined by current FEI guidelines published in January 2016. Therefore they are SAFE to use until competition time,

eliminating stress and worry from your feeding routine. Just remember to look for the double badge guarantee (FFPS & SAFE) on every bottle. All Lambourn Horse products are available from Farm & Stable Supplies – for more information, please visit or call +44 (0)1730 815800


Gastro Essentials Natural support for the stomach lining Formula 707 Gastro Essentials has been specifically formulated with an effective combination of natural soothing herbs, essential amino acids and minerals to support digestion and maintain healthy gastric function. We go to exceptional lengths to give you the most complete, potent and affordable products to help keep your horses fit and healthy. American Thoroughbred Products Ltd Tel: 01985 844613 Email: EuroTrainer_Win16_GastEss



17 December 2015 09:54:04






Races are divided by distance and the relevant surface is indicated as follows: AWT - All Weather Track D - Dirt T - Turf. Countries covered in this issue are: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,Turkey, USA. Closing dates for all Irish races are set for domestic entry dates. Please check International entry dates with the relevant issue of The Racing Calendar.

Under Copyright law, no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means. This includes but not limited to; photocopying for commercial redistribution and or facsimile recording without the prior permission of the copyright holder, application for which should be addressed to the publisher. Whilst every effort has been made to publish correct information, the publishers will not be held liable for any omission, mistake or change to the races listed in all published indexes.

Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13 Country GB FR GB GB IRE IRE ITY GER FR GB GB FR GB FR GB IRE GB IRE GB FR ITY GB GB IRE FR GB GB ITY GB FR GB FR GER AUS ITY IRE

Track Sandown Park Deauville Sandown Park York Tipperary Curragh Naples Berlin-Hoppegarten Vichy Goodwood Goodwood Deauville Newbury Deauville York Curragh York Tipperary Beverley Chantilly Rome Doncaster Doncaster Curragh Chantilly Ayr Newbury Milan Ascot Chantilly Newmarket Chantilly Munich Caulfield Milan Dundalk

Race Name & (Sponsor) Dragon St Bois Sprint St (Coral Charge) City Walls Tipperary St Sapphire St Citta di Napoli Hoppegartener-Sprintpreis Reves d'Or - Jacques Bouchara Molecomb St King George (Qatar) Cercle St Hugh's St (Bathwick Tyres) La Vallee d'Auge Nunthorpe St (Coolmore) Curragh St Roses St (Julia Graves) Abergwaun St Beverley Bullet Sprint St (totescoop6) Arenberg Divino Amore Scarbrough St (J20 Spritz) Flying Childers St Flying Five St (Derrinstown Stud) Petit Couvert (Qatar) Harry Rosebery (EBF) World Trophy (Dubai International Airport) Cancelli Rous (Albert Bartlett) Prix de l'Abbaye de Longchamp (Qatar) Cornwallis St (Dubai) Criterium de Vitesse Benazet-Rennen Caulfield Sprint Premio Omenoni Mercury St

Breeders’ Cup

Turf Sprint

Turf Sprint

Grade L Gp 3 Gp 3 L L Gp 2 L L L Gp 3 Gp 2 L L L Gp 1 Gp 3 L L L Gp 3 L L Gp 2 Gp 2 Gp 3 L Gp 3 L L Gp 1 Gp 3 L L Gp 2 Gp 3 L

Race Date 1-Jul-2016 2-Jul-2016 2-Jul-2016 9-Jul-2016 9-Jul-2016 16-Jul-2016 16-Jul-2016 24-Jul-2016 26-Jul-2016 27-Jul-2016 29-Jul-2016 30-Jul-2016 12-Aug-2016 15-Aug-2016 19-Aug-2016 20-Aug-2016 20-Aug-2016 25-Aug-2016 27-Aug-2016 1-Sep-2016 4-Sep-2016 7-Sep-2016 9-Sep-2016 11-Sep-2016 11-Sep-2016 16-Sep-2016 17-Sep-2016 18-Sep-2016 1-Oct-2016 2-Oct-2016 7-Oct-2016 8-Oct-2016 9-Oct-2016 15-Oct-2016 16-Oct-2016 21-Oct-2016

Value £26,000 ˆ 80,000 £65,000 £40,000 ˆ 47,500 ˆ 110,000 ˆ 55,000 ˆ 27,000 ˆ 55,000 £75,000 £300,000 ˆ 52,000 £25,500 ˆ 55,000 £250000 ˆ 60,000 £60,000 ˆ 55,000 £50,000 ˆ 80,000 ˆ 41,800 £40,000 £70,000 ˆ 250,000 ˆ 80,000 £50,000 £60,000 ˆ 41,800 £45,000 ˆ 35,0000 £80000 ˆ 55,000 ˆ 25,000 AUD$201,000 ˆ 44,000 ˆ 45,000

5f (1000m) Age 2 2 3+ 3+ 2 3+ 3+ 3+ 2 2 3+ 3+ 2F 2 2+ 2 2 3+ 3+ 2 2 2+ 2 3+ 3+ 2 3+ 3+ 3+ 2+ 2 2 3+ 3+ 3+ 2+

Surface T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T AWT

Metres 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

Visit FR FR FR

Maisons Laffitte Maisons-Laffitte Chantilly

Robert Papin Bonneval Yacowlef


Hamburg Newmarket Newmarket York Newmarket Newbury Jagersro Naas Ascot Goodwood Saratoga Deauville Del Mar Chester La Teste de Buch Curragh Curragh Pontefract

Hamburger Flieger Trophy July (Arqana) Duchess of Cambridge (Qipco) Summer St (888Sport) July Cup (Darley) Rose Bowl St Zawawi Cup Yeomanstown & Morristown Lattin Studs EBF St Princess Margaret St (Juddmonte) Richmond St (Qatar) Alfred G Vanderbilt H'cap Cabourg Bing Crosby S Queensferry St Criterium du Bequet (Ventes Osarus) Phoenix (Keeneland) Phoenix Sprint (Qatar Racing and Equestrian Club) Flying Fillies' St (EBF)

Gp 2 L L

24-Jul-2016 3-Oct-2016 15-Nov-2016


Closing 25-Jun-2016 15-Jun-2016 27-Jun-2016 4-Jul-2016 5-Jul-2016 8-Jun-2016 7-Jun-2016 18-Jul-2016 21-Jul-2016 21-Jun-2016 22-Jul-2016 6-Aug-2016 8-Aug-2016 21-Jun-2016 16-Aug-2016 15-Aug-2016 18-Aug-2016 22-Aug-2016 17-Aug-2016 1-Sep-2016 3-Sep-2016 3-Aug-2016 24-Aug-2016 10-Sep-2016 12-Sep-2016 26-Sep-2016 24-Aug-2016 1-Oct-2016 27-Sep-2016 10-Oct-2016 17-Oct-2016

5½f (1100m) €130,000 €52,000 €55,000

2 CF 3+ 2


1100 1100 1100

5½f 5½f 5½f

3+ 2 C&G 2F 3+ F 3+ 2 3+ 3+ F 2F 2 C&G 3+ 2 3+ 3+ 2 2CF 3+ 3+ F


1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200

6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore L Gp 2 Gp 2 Gp 3 Gp 1 L Gp 3 L Gp 3 Gp 2 Gr 1 Gp 3 Gr 1 L L Gp 1 Gp 3 L

Furlongs 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f 5f

5-Jul-2016 ˆ 55,000 7-Jul-2016 £80,000 8-Jul-2016 £80,000 8-Jul-2016 £60,000 9-Jul-2016 £500,000 15-Jul-2016 £25,500 16-Jul-2016 SEK 1,000,000 20-Jul-2016 ˆ 60,000 23-Jul-2016 £50,000 28-Jul-2016 £200,000 30-Jul-2016 $350,000 31-Jul-2016 ˆ 80,000 31-Jul-2016 $300,000 31-Jul-2016 £37,000 3-Aug-2016 ˆ 55,000 7-Aug-2016 ˆ 250,000 7-Aug-2016 ˆ 60,000 14-Aug-2016 £50,000


6f (1200m) 10-May-2016 1-Jul-2016 2-Jul-2016 2-Jul-2016 3/5/2016 9-Jul-2016 15-Jun-2016 14-Jul-2016 18-Jul-2016 22-Jul-2016 13-Jul-2016 21-Jul-2016 25-Jul-2016 26-Jul-2016 27-Apr-2016 29-Jun-2016 8-Aug-2016




Track Berlin-Hoppegarten York York Deauville Deauville Baden-Baden Curragh Ripon Salisbury Haydock Park Kempton Park York Milan Bro Park Ayr Maisons-Laffitte Newmarket Newmarket Curragh Milan Fairyhouse Ascot Redcar Newmarket York Curragh Maisons-Laffitte Ascot Moonee Valley Doncaster Rome Maisons-Laffitte Newmarket Flemington Maisons-Laffitte Flemington Santa Anita Doncaster Rome Lingfield Park Newbury Newbury Curragh Deauville

Race Name & (Sponsor) Hoppegartener- Flieger-Preis Lowther St (Pinsent Masons) Gimcrack St (Irish Thoroughbred Marketing) Prix Morny (Darley) Meautry (Lucien Barriere) Goldene Peitsche Powered By Burda@turf Round Tower St Ripon Champion Two-Yrs-Old Trophy 2016 (EBF) Dick Poole St (Country Gentlemen's Association) Sprint Cup Sirenia St (toteeexacta) Garrowby Eupili Bro Open Sprint Firth of Clyde St (William Hill) Eclipse Cheveley Park St Middle Park St (Juddmonte) Renaissance St Criterium Nazionale Blenheim St Bengough St (John Guest) Two-Year-Old Trophy (totepool) Boadicea St (EBF) (Vision Stallions) Rockingham ( Waterford Testimonial St Criterium de Maisons-Laffitte QIPCO British Champions Sprint S Manikato Stakes Doncaster (Scott Dobson Memorial) Ubaldo Pandolfi Zeddaan Bosra Sham St (EBF) Linithgow Stakes Seine-Et-Oise Darley Classic BC Sprint Wentworth (Betfred Lotto 100K Cash Giveaway) Premio Carlo & Francesco Aloisi Golden Rose St (Unibet) Hackwood St Mill Reef St (Dubai Duty Free) Anglesey St (Jebel Ali Racecourse & Stables) Larc Prix Maurice de Gheest

Breeders’ Cup Juv F Turf


Grade L Gp 2 Gp 2 Gp 1 Gp 3 Gp 3 Gp 3 L L Gp 1 Gp 3 L L L Gp 3 Gp3 Gp 1 Gp 1 Gp 3 L L Gp 3 L L L L Gp 2 Gp 1 Gp 1 L L L L Gp 2 Gp 3 Gp 1 Gr 1 L Gp 3 L Gp 3 Gp 2 Gp 3 Gp 1

Race Date Value 14-Aug-2016 ˆ 27,000 18-Aug-2016 £200,000 20-Aug-2016 £220,000 21-Aug-2016 ˆ 350,000 28-Aug-2016 ˆ 80000 28-Aug-2016 ˆ 70,000 28-Aug-2016 ˆ 60,000 29-Aug-2016 £30,000 1-Sep-2016 £42,500 3-Sep-2016 £260,000 3-Sep-2016 £42,000 4-Sep-2016 £40,000 4-Sep-2016 ˆ 41,800 11-Sep-2016 SEK 400,000 17-Sep-2016 £65,000 21-Sep-2016 €80,000 24-Sep-2016 £180,000 24-Sep-2016 £180,000 25-Sep-2016 ˆ 60,000 25-Sep-2016 ˆ 41,800 27-Sep-2016 ˆ 40,000 1-Oct-2016 £70000 1-Oct-2016 £175,000 8-Oct-2016 £50,000 8-Oct-2016 £50,000 9-Oct-2016 ˆ 45,000 14-Oct-2016 €190,000 15-Oct-2016 £600,000 21-Oct-2016 AUD$1,015,000 22-Oct-2016 £27,000 23-Oct-2016 €41,800 27/10/2016 €55,000 28-Oct-2016 £30,000 29-Oct-2016 AUD$302,000 1-Nov-2016 €80,000 5-Nov-2016 AUD$1,002,500 5-Nov-2016 $1,500,000 5-Nov-2016 £40,000 6-Nov-2016 ˆ 70,400 12-Nov-2016 £40,000 16-Jul-2016 £60,000 17-Sep-2016 £75,000 16-Jul-2016 ˆ 65,000 7-Aug-2016 ˆ 380,000

6f (1200m) Age 3+ 2F 2 C&G 2 CF 3+ 3+ 2 2 2F 3+ 2 3+ 2F 3+ 2F 2 2F 2C 3+ 2 2 3+ 2 3+ F 2 3+ 2 3+ 3+ 2 2 F 2 2F 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 2 2 3+

Surface T T T T T T T T T T AWT T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T D T T AWT T T T T

Metres 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1300


Munich Maisons-Laffitte Santa Anita Frankfurt

Bayerischer Fliegerpreis Saraca BC Turf Sprint Prodomo Trophy

Turf Sprint

L L Gr 1 L

11-Sep-2016 12-Sep-2016 5-Nov-2016 13-Nov-2016

Deauville Maisons-Laffitte Newmarket Chester Fairyhouse Curragh Leopardstown Leopardstown Sandown Park Chantilly Ascot Goodwood Goodwood Galway Goodwood Deauville Ovrevoll Tipperary Newmarket Saratoga Vichy Newbury Deauville York York Deauville Sandown Park Curragh Curragh Dusseldorf


Porte Maillot Amandine Superlative St (bet365) City Plate Brownstown St (Irish Stallion Farms EBF) Minstrel (Friarstown Stud) Jockey Club of Turkey Silver Flash Japanese Racing Authority Tyros Star St (EBF) Roland de Chambure Winkfield St (Pat Eddery) Lennox St (Qatar) Vintage St (Qatar) Corrib EBF Oak Tree St (L'Ormarins Queens Plate) Six Perfections Polar Cup El Gran Senor Sweet Solera St ( Test Jouvenceaux et Jouvencelles Washington Singer St (Denford Stud) Francois Boutin Acomb St (Tattersalls) City of York St (Sky Bet) Calvados Solario St Debutante (National Breast Cancer Research) Futurity St (Galileo EBF) Sparkassenpreis - Stadtsparkasse Dusseldorf


Gp 3 L Gp 2 L Gp 3 Gp 2 Gp 3 Gp 3 L L L Gp 2 Gp 2 L Gp 3 L Gp 3 L Gp 3 Gr 1 L L L Gp 3 L Gp 3 Gp 3 Gp 2 Gp 2 L

2-Jul-2016 4-Jul-2016 9-Jul-2016 9-Jul-2016 10-Jul-2016 17-Jul-2016 21-Jul-2016 21-Jul-2016 21-Jul-2016 22-Jul-2016 23-Jul-2016 26-Jul-2016 26-Jul-2016 28-Jul-2016 29-Jul-2016 30-Jul-2016 4-Aug-2016 5-Aug-2016 6-Aug-2016 6-Aug-2016 6-Aug-2016 13-Aug-2016 14-Aug-2016 17-Aug-2016 19-Aug-2016 20-Aug-2016 20-Aug-2016 21-Aug-2016 21-Aug-2016 21-Aug-2016

Closing 28-Jun-2016 5-Jul-2016 5-Jul-2016 3-Aug-2016 10-Aug-2016 12-Jul-2016 23-Aug-2016 23-Aug-2016 26-Aug-2016 5-Jul-2016 29-Aug-2016 29-Aug-2016 8-Aug-2016 12-Sep-2016 31-Aug-2015 9-Aug-2016 9-Aug-2016 17-Aug-2016 22-Sep-2016 26-Sep-2016 26-Sep-2016 3-Oct-2016 3-Oct-2016 4-Oct-2016 28-Sep-2016 2-Aug-2016 20-Sep-2016 17-Oct-2016

22-Oct-2016 24-Oct-2016 12-Oct-2016 20-Sep-2016 31-Oct-2016 13-Oct-2016 7-Nov-2016 11-Jul-2016 2-Aug-2016 12-Jul-2016 20-Jul-2016

6½f (1300m) €25,000 €55,000 $1,000,000 €25,000

3+ 2 3+ 3+


1300 1300 1300 1300


Furlongs 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6f 6½f

ˆ 80,000 €55,000 £80,000 £37,000 ˆ 75,000 ˆ 120,000 ˆ 60,000 ˆ 60,000 £30,000 ˆ 55,000 £30,000 £300,000 £200,000 ˆ 60,000 £80,000 ˆ 55,000 NOK 500,000 ˆ 55,000 £50,000 $500,000 ˆ 55,000 £25,500 ˆ 55,000 £85,000 £100,000 ˆ 80,000 £45,000 ˆ 115,000 ˆ 130,000 ˆ 35,000

6½f 6½f 6½f 6½f



7f (1400m) 3+ 3 F 2 3+ 3+ F 3+ 2F 2 2F 2 2 3+ 2 3+ F 3+ F 2F 3+ 2 2F 3 F 2 2 2 2 3+ 2F 2 2F 2 3+ F


1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400

7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f

15-Jun-2016 27-Jun-2016 4-Jul-2016 4-Jul-2016 1-Jun-2016 8-Jun-2016 14-Jul-2016 14-Jul-2016 15-Jul-2016 15-Jul-2016 18-Jul-2016 21-Jun-2016 20-Jul-2016 21-Jul-2016 23-Jul-2016 22-Jul-2016 6-Jun-2016 1-Aug-2016 1-Aug-2016 29-Jul-2016 8-Aug-2016 5-Aug-2016 11-Aug-2016 13-Aug-2016 3-Aug-2016 15-Aug-2016 13-Jul-2016 13-Jul-2016 28-Jun-2016


Track Tipperary Saratoga Saratoga Saratoga Newmarket Goodwood Baden-Baden Del Mar Saratoga Saint-Cloud Baden-Baden Del Mar Saratoga Chantilly Doncaster Doncaster Doncaster Doncaster Curragh Curragh Newbury Newmarket Newmarket Curragh Ascot Redcar Chantilly Tipperary Cologne Saint-Cloud Newmarket Newmarket Dundalk Newmarket Maisons-Laffitte Newbury Newbury Leopardstown Milan Leopardstown Saint-Cloud Hannover Maisons-Laffitte Santa Anita Fontainebleau Chantilly Siracusa

Race Name & (Sponsor) Breeders’ Cup Fairy Bridge (Coolmore Stud) King's Bishop Ballerina St F&M Sprint The Priority One Jets Forego Sprint Hopeful St Supreme St (Doom Bar) Coolmore Stud Baden-Baden-Cup Del Mar Debutante Spinaway St Juvenile Fillies La Rochette Zukunfts-Rennen Del Mar Futurity Hopeful St Pin Sceptre St (JRA) Flying Scotsman Champagne (At The Races) Park St (Saint Gobain Weber) Moyglare Stud St Juv F Turf National St (Goffs Vincent O'Brien) Cup (Dubai Duty Free) Somerville St (Tattersall) Rockfel St (Shadwell) Juvenile Fillies Turf Park St (C.L. & M.F. Weld) October St (E.B.F.) (totepool Stallions) Guisborough St (E.B.F.) (totescoop6) Prix de la Foret (Qatar) Mile Concorde (Coolmore Stud Home of Champions) Kolner Herbst Preis Thomas Bryon Challenge (Dubai) Oh So Sharp St (Vision) Star Appeal EBF St Dewhurst (Dubai) Saint-Cyr Horris Hill St (Worthington's Whizz Kids) Radley St Killavullan St Premio Chiusura Knockaire St Criterium International Youngster Cup Miesque BC Filly & Mare Sprint F & M Sprint Ceres Herod Criterium del Immacolata


Milan Milan Rome Rome Milan Cologne Milan Rome Pisa Deauville Deauville

Giuseppe de Montel Luciano Mantovani Rumon Repubbliche Marinare Coolmore M.DuMont Schauberg Winterkonigin -Trial Vittorio Riva (ex del Dado) Criterium Femminile Criterium di Pisa Luthier Miss Satamixa

Grade Gp 3 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gr 1 L Gp 3 L Gr 1 Gr 1 Gp 3 Gp 3 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gp 3 Gp 3 L Gp 2 Gp 2 Gp 1 Gp 1 L Gp 3 Gp 2 Gp 3 L L Gp 1 Gp 3 L Gp 3 Gp 2 Gp 3 L Gp 1 L Gp 3 L Gp 3 Gp 3 L Gp 1 L Gp 3 Gr 1 L L L

Race Date 25-Aug-2016 27-Aug-2016 27-Aug-2016 27-Aug-2016 27-Aug-2016 28-Aug-2016 1-Sep-2016 3-Sep-2016 3-Sep-2016 4-Sep-2016 4-Sep-2016 5-Sep-2016 5-Sep-2016 8-Sep-2016 8-Sep-2016 9-Sep-2016 10-Sep-2016 10-Sep-2016 11-Sep-2016 11-Sep-2016 16-Sep-2016 22-Sep-2016 23-Sep-2016 25-Sep-2016 1-Oct-2016 1-Oct-2016 2-Oct-2016 2-Oct-2016 3-Oct-2016 5-Oct-2016 7-Oct-2016 7-Oct-2016 7-Oct-2016 8-Oct-2016 14-Oct-2016 22-Oct-2016 22-Oct-2016 23-Oct-2016 29-Oct-2016 29-Oct-2016 30-Oct-2016 30-Oct-2016 1-Nov-2016 5-Nov-2016 17-Nov-2016 22/11/2016 8-Dec-2016

7f (1400m)

Value ˆ 65,000 $500,000 $500,000 $700,000 £40,000 £60,000 ˆ 25,000 $300,000 $350,000 ˆ 80,000 ˆ 55,000 $300,000 $350,000 ˆ 80,000 £60,000 £30,000 £75,000 £100,000 ˆ 350,000 ˆ 350,000 £37,000 £50,000 £100,000 ˆ 67,500 £40,000 £40,000 ˆ 300,000 ˆ 67,500 ˆ 25,000 ˆ 80,000 £150,000 £80000 ˆ 55,000 £500,000 €55,000 £40,000 £30,000 ˆ 60,000 ˆ 70,400 ˆ 45,000 ˆ 250,000 ˆ 25,000 €80,000 $1,000,000 ˆ 55,000 ˆ 55,000 ˆ 41,800

Age 3+ F 3 3+ FM 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ F 2 F 2 F 2 2 2 2 3+ 3+ F 2 2 C&G 3+ 2F 2 CF 3+ 2 C&G 2F 2F 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 2 3+ 2F 2 2 C&F 3 F 2 C&G 2F 2 2+ 3+ 2 CF 2+F 2 F 3+ F&M 3F 2 2

Surface T D D D T T T D D T T D D T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T AWT T T T T T T T T T T D T T T

Metres 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400

€41,800 €41,800 €41,800 €41,800 €41,800 €25,000 €41,800 €41,800 €41,800 €52,000 €52,000

2 C&G 2 F 2 C 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 C 2 F 2 3+ 3+


1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500



3-Jul-2016 3-Jul-2016 11-Sep-2016 11-Sep-2016 18-Sep-2016 24-Sep-2016 25-Sep-2016 6-Nov-2016 11-Dec-2016 17-Dec-2016 28-Dec-2016

Hamburg Sandown Park Saint-Cloud Nantes Pontefract Newmarket Newmarket Ascot Chantilly Killarney Ovrevoll Dusseldorf Maisons-Laffitte Ascot Maisons-Laffitte Pontefract Vichy Goodwood Goodwood Deauville

Franz Günther von Gaertner Gedächtnisrennen Distaff St (Coral) Saint-Patrick Grand Prix d'Anjou Bretagne (Asselco) Pipalong St Sir Henry Cecil (Hastings Direct) Falmouth Summer Mile (Fred Cowley MBE Memorial) Prix Jean Prat Cairn Rouge Polar Mile Cup Meilen Trophy Messidor Valiant St (EBF) Bagatelle Pomfret St Jacques de Bremond Sussex (Qatar) Thoroughbred St (Bonhams) Prix de Rothschild


Gp 3 L L L L L Gp 1 Gp 2 Gp 1 L L Gp 2 Gp 3 L L L L Gp 1 Gp 3 Gp 1

2-Jul-2016 2-Jul-2016 3-Jul-2016 4-Jul-2016 5-Jul-2016 7-Jul-2016 8-Jul-2016 9-Jul-2016 10-Jul-2016 11-Jul-2016 14-Jul-2016 17-Jul-2016 17-Jul-2016 22-Jul-2016 24-Jul-2016 24-Jul-2016 26-Jul-2016 27-Jul-2016 29-Jul-2016 31-Jul-2016

Closing 20-Jul-2016

22-Aug-2016 22-Aug-2016 23-Aug-2016 15-Jun-2016 17-Aug-2016 12-Jul-2016 15-Jun-2016 24-Aug-2016 2-Sep-2016 3-Sep-2016 26-Jul-2016 19-Jul-2016 25-May-2016 25-May-2016 10-Sep-2016 16-Sep-2016 9-Aug-2016 20-Sep-2016 26-Sep-2016 26-Sep-2016 24-Aug-2016 24-Aug-2016 20-Sep-2016 21-Sep-2016 6-Sep-2016 1-Oct-2016 3-Oct-2016 9-Aug-2015 17-Oct-2016 17-Oct-2016 17-Oct-2016 6-Oct-2016 25-Oct-2016 12-Oct-2016 18-Oct-2016 12-Oct-2016

7½f (1500m)

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore GER GB FR FR GB GB GB GB FR IRE NOR GER FR GB FR GB FR GB GB FR

Furlongs 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f 7f

ˆ 55,000 £37,000 ˆ 55,000 ˆ 52,000 £40,000 £40,000 £160000 £120,000 ˆ 400,000 ˆ 55,000 NOK 250,000 ˆ 70,000 €80,000 £40,000 €55,000 £45,000 ˆ 52,000 £1,000,000 £100,000 ˆ 300,000

7½f 7½f 7½f 7½f 7½f 7½f 7½f 7½f 7½f 7½f 7½f


1m (1600m) 3+ F 3F 3 C&G 4+ 4+ F 3 3+ F 4+ 3 CF 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+F 3 F 3+ 4+ 3+ 3 3+ F


1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600

1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m


10-May-2016 27-Jun-2016 24-Jun-2016 27-Jun-2016 29-Jun-2016 1-Jul-2016 14-Jun-2016 4-Jul-2016 22-Jun-2016 6-Jul-2016 23-May-2016 24-May-2016 29-Jun-2016 16-Jul-2016 15-Jul-2016 18-Jul-2016 18-Jul-2016 24-May-2016 23-Jul-2016 13-Jul-2016



Track Deauville Cork Bro Park Ovrevoll Haydock Park Salisbury Leopardstown Saratoga Berlin-Hoppegarten Deauville Deauville Killarney Salisbury Sandown Park Deauville San Sebastian Goodwood Deauville Curragh Baden-Baden Chantilly Haydock Park Veliefendi Haydock Park Veliefendi Milan Craon Chantilly Chantilly Doncaster Leopardstown Leopardstown Leopardstown Toulouse Longchamp Dusseldorf Dusseldorf Bro Park Bro Park Sandown Park Woodbine Woodbine Hannover Saint-Cloud Newmarket Newmarket Newmarket Craon Milan Curragh Milan Lyon-Parilly Newmarket Chantilly Chantilly Longchamp Newmarket Newmarket Milan Curragh Madrid Bordeaux Chantilly Ascot Cork Milan Cologne Cologne Milan Naas Pontefract Deauville Deauville Moonee Valley Doncaster Baden-Baden Rome Lingfield Park Flemington Nantes Newmarket Newmarket


Race Name & (Sponsor) Breeders’ Cup Tourgeville Platinum St Swedish Open Mile Lanwades Stud Stakes Dick Hern (EBF) Sovereign St (totepool) Desmond St (Invesco Pension Consultants) Fourstardave H'cap Hoppegartener Sommer-Preis Prix Jacques le Marois (Haras de Fresnay-Le-Buffard) Mile Lieurey Ruby St Stonehenge St (EBF) Atalanta St (Thoroughbred Breeders' Association) Criterium du F.E.E. (L.R) Gobierno Vasco Celebration Mile Quincey (Lucien Barriere) Flame of Tara EBF St Darley Oettingen-Rennen La Cochere F.E.E Superior Mile International Istanbul Trophy Ascendant St (Betfred) International Topkapi Trophy Pietro Bessero Criterium de l'Ouest Aumale Chenes May Hill St Matron St (Coolmore Fast Net Rock) F & M Turf Solonaway (Clipper Logistics Boomerang) Golden Fleece (Willis Champions Juvenile Turf) Juv Turf Millkom Prix du Moulin de Longchamp (Qatar) Europa-Meile Junioren-Preis Tattersalls Nickes Minneslopning Lanwades Stud St Fortune St Ricoh Woodbine Mile Mile Natalma S Juv F Turf Grosser Preis der Metallbau Burckhardt GmbH Coronation Joel St (Shadwell) Rosemary (Mukhadram) Royal Lodge St (Juddmonte) Juv Turf Point du Jour Premio Vittorio di Capua Beresford St (Juddmonte) Premio Elena e Sergio Cumani Criterium de Lyon Sun Chariot St (Kingdom of Bahrain) Prix Daniel Wildenstein (Qatar) Prix Marcel Boussac (Total) Juv F Turf Jean-Luc Lagardere (Grand Criterium) (Qatar) Juv Turf Fillies' Mile (Dubai) Autumn St (Vision) Premio Dormello Silken Glider St Gran Premio de la Hispanidad Grand Criterium de Bordeaux Ranelagh Queen Elizabeth II St (Qipco) Navigation St Gran Criterium Winterfavoriten Winterfavoriten Premio del Piazzale Garnet EBF St Silver Tankard St (EBF) Reservoirs Isonomy Schweppes Crystal Mile Trophy (Racing Post) Winterkonigin Premio Ribot Memorial Loreto Luciani Fleur de Lys St (EBF) Longines Mile Sablonnets Ben Marshall St Montrose St (EBF) (Stallions)


Grade L L L L L Gp 3 Gp 3 Gr 1 L Gp 1 Gp 3 L L Gp 3 L L Gp 2 Gp 3 Gp 3 Gp 2 L Gp 3 Gp 3 L Gp 2 L L Gp 3 Gp 3 Gp 2 Gp 1 Gp 2 Gp 3 L Gp 1 Gp 3 L L L L Gr 1 Gr 1 L L Gp 2 L Gp 2 L Gp 1 Gp 2 Gp 3 L Gp 1 Gp 2 Gp 1 Gp 1 Gp 1 Gp 3 Gp 3 L L L L Gp 1 L Gp 2 Gp 3 Gp 3 Gp 3 L L Gp 3 L Gp 2 Gp 1 Gp 3 Gp 3 L Gp 1 L L L

Race Date Value 2-Aug-2016 ˆ 55,000 2-Aug-2016 ˆ 45,000 2-Aug-2016 SEK 400,000 4-Aug-2016 NOK 250,000 6-Aug-2016 £47,000 11-Aug-2016 £75,000 11-Aug-2016 ˆ 62,500 13-Aug-2016 $500,000 13-Aug-2016 ˆ 27,000 14-Aug-2016 ˆ 700,000 15-Aug-2016 ˆ 80,000 17-Aug-2016 ˆ 45,000 19-Aug-2016 £30,000 20-Aug-2016 £65,000 20-Aug-2016 ˆ 122,000 21-Aug-2016 ˆ 47,600 27-Aug-2016 £100,000 28-Aug-2016 ˆ 80,000 28-Aug-2016 ˆ 80,000 1-Sep-2016 ˆ 70,000 1-Sep-2016 ˆ 52,000 3-Sep-2016 £63,000 3-Sep-2016 ˆ 195,500 3-Sep-2016 £25,500 4-Sep-2016 ˆ 459,000 4-Sep-2016 ˆ 41,800 5-Sep-2016 ˆ 55,000 8-Sep-2016 ˆ 80,000 8-Sep-2016 ˆ 80,000 9-Sep-2016 £70,000 10-Sep-2016 ˆ 350,000 10-Sep-2016 ˆ 200,000 10-Sep-2016 ˆ 100,000 10-Sep-2016 ˆ 55,000 11-Sep-2016 ˆ 450,000 11-Sep-2016 ˆ 55,000 11-Sep-2016 ˆ 25,000 11-Sep-2016 SEK 400,000 11-Sep-2016 SEK 500,000 14-Sep-2016 £37,000 17-Sep-2016 CAN1,000,000+ 18-Sep-2016 CAN250,000+ 18-Sep-2016 ˆ 25,000 22-Sep-2016 ˆ 55,000 23-Sep-2016 £100,000 23-Sep-2016 £40,000 24-Sep-2016 £100,000 24-Sep-2016 ˆ 52,000 25-Sep-2016 ˆ 275,000 25-Sep-2016 ˆ 120,000 25-Sep-2016 ˆ 77,000 29-Sep-2016 ˆ 55,000 1-Oct-2016 £250,000 1-Oct-2016 ˆ 200,000 2-Oct-2016 ˆ 300,000 2-Oct-2016 ˆ 350,000 7-Oct-2016 £500,000 8-Oct-2016 £80000 9-Oct-2016 ˆ 121,000 9-Oct-2016 ˆ 47,500 9-Oct-2016 ˆ 61,200 11-Oct-2016 ˆ 55,000 12-Oct-2016 ˆ 52,000 15-Oct-2016 £1,100,000 15-Oct-2016 ˆ 45,000 16-Oct-2016 ˆ 275,000 16-Oct-2016 ˆ 155,000 16-Oct-2016 16-Oct-2016 ˆ 64,900 16-Oct-2016 ˆ 57,500 17-Oct-2016 £35,000 19-Oct-2016 ˆ 80,000 20-Oct-2016 ˆ 55,000 22-Oct-2016 AUD$225,000 22-Oct-2016 £200,000 23-Oct-2016 ˆ 105,000 23-Oct-2016 ˆ 80,300 27-Oct-2016 £40,000 29-Oct-2016 AUD$1,005,000 29-Oct-2016 ˆ 55,000 29-Oct-2016 £37,000 29-Oct-2016 £30,000

1m (1600m) Age 3 C&G 3+ 3+ 3+ F 3+ F 3+ C&G 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ CF 3F 3+ 2 3+ F&M 2 3+ 3+ 3+ 2F 3+ 3+ F 3+ 3+ F 2 3+ C&F 3+ F 2 2F 2 CG 2F 3+ F 3+ 2 3 3+ CF 3+ 2 3+ 3+F 3+ 3+ 2F 3+ F 3F 3+ 3+ F 2 C&G 3+ 3+ 2 3+ F 2 3+ F 3+ 2F 2 CF 2F 2 2F 2F 3+ 2 3+ 3+ 3+ 2 C&F 2 2 3+ 3+ F 2 2F 2 3+ 2 C&F 2F 3+ 3+ F 3+ 2 3+ 2F

Surface T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T D T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T AWT T T T T

Metres 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600

Furlongs 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m

Closing 25-Jul-2016 28-Jul-2016 27-Jun-2016 6-Jun-2016 1-Aug-2016 5-Aug-2016 6-Jul-2016 28-Jun-2016 27-Jul-2016 27-Jul-2016 11-Aug-2016 13-Aug-2016 15-Aug-2016 12-Aug-2016 5-Jul-2016 10-Aug-2016 23-Aug-2016 12-Jul-2016 29-Aug-2016 3-Aug-2016 29-Aug-2016 3-Aug-2016

24-Aug-2016 24-Aug-2016 3-Sep-2016 29-Jun-2016 3-Aug-2016 6-Sep-2016 24-Aug-2016 19-Jul-2016 30-Aug-2016 08/08.2016 8-Aug-2016 8-Sep-2016 31-Aug-2016 31-Aug-2016 6-Sep-2016 30-Aug-2016 17-Sep-2016 9-Aug-2016 1-Sep-2016 17-Aug-2016 1-Sep-2016 2-Aug-2016 24-Aug-2016 24-Aug-2016 24-Aug-2016 9-Aug-2016 3-Oct-2016 15-Sep-2016 4-Oct-2016

2-Aug-2016 11-Oct-2016 22-Sep-2016 CLOSED 14-Dec-2016 22-Sep-2016 11-Oct-2016 11-Oct-2016 28-Sep-2016 17-Oct-2016 6-Sep-2016 CLOSED 6-Oct-2016 21-Oct-2016 17-Oct-2016 24-Oct-2016 24-Oct-2016


Track Saint-Cloud Hannover Santa Anita Dundalk Santa Anita Santa Anita Saint-Cloud Toulouse Kempton Park Saint-Cloud

Race Name & (Sponsor) Perth Neue Bult Pokal BC Dirt Mile Cooley EBF St BC Juvenile Fillies Turf Championship BC Mile Isola-Bella - F.E.E Criterium du Languedoc Hyde St (EBF) (Stallions) Tantieme

Breeders’ Cup

Juv F Turf MIle

Grade Gp 3 L Gr 1 L Gr 1 Gr 1 L L L L

Race Date 30-Oct-2016 30-Oct-2016 4-Nov-2016 4-Nov-2016 5-Nov-2016 5-Nov-2016 8-Nov-2016 11-Nov-2016 16-Nov-2016 18-Nov-2016

1m (1600m) Value ˆ 80,000 ˆ 25,000 $1,000,000 ˆ 55,000 $1,000,000 $2,000,000 ˆ 52,000 ˆ 55,000 £40,000 ˆ 52,000

Age 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ F 2 F 3+ 3+ F 2 3+ 3+

Surface T T D AWT T T T T AWT T

Metres 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore USA USA USA GER USA USA GER

Belmont Park Del Mar Parx Racing Dusseldorf Santa Anita Santa Anita Krefeld

Mother Goose St Clement L. Hirsch S Cotillion St Landeshauptstadt Dusseldorf BC Juvenile Fillies BC Juvenile Herzog von Ratibor-Rennen


Chantilly Leopardstown Curragh Saratoga Saratoga Monmouth Park Saratoga Salisbury Gowran Park Clairefontaine Berlin-Hoppegarten Clairefontaine York Del Mar Saratoga Curragh Ovrevoll Saratoga Baden-Baden Listowel Maisons-Laffitte Goodwood Cologne Milan Maisons-Laffitte Chantilly Newmarket Chantilly Milan Leopardstown Santa Anita Rome Marseille Borely

Chloe Meld St Kilboy Estate Diana St Coaching Club American Oaks Haskell Invitational (INV) Whitney H'cap Upavon St (EBF) Hurry Harriet EBF St Luth Enchantee - Fonds Europeen Coupe Lukull Pelleas Strensall St (Betfred Mobile) Del Mar Oaks Personal Ensign Dance Design St Marit Sveaas Minnelop The Woodward Escada Cup - Baden Stutencup Listowel Prix Bertrand de Tarragon Foundation St Kolner Stutenpreis M.Se Ippolito Fassati Prix Le Fabuleux Conde Darley St Casimir Delamarre - F.E.E Campobello Eyrefield St BC Distaff Championship Premio Guido Berardelli Delahante

Distaff Juv Fillies Juv

Gr 1 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gp 3 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gp 3

2-Jul-2016 30-Jul-2016 24-Sep-2016 2-Oct-2016 5-Nov-2016 5-Nov-2016 6-Nov-2016

1m ½f (1700m)

$300,000 $300,000 $1,000,000 €55,000 $2,000,000 $2,000,000 €55,000

3 F 3+ F&M 3 F 3+ 2 F 2 C&G 2


1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700

3F 3+ 3+ F 3+ FM 3 F 3 3+ 3+ F 3+ F 4+ F 3+ F 3 C&G 3+ 3 F 3+ FM 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ F 3+ 3+ F 3+ 3+ F 3 3 2 3+ 3F 2 2 3+ FM 2 2


1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800

Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13

Classic Classic


Gp 3 Gp 3 Gp 2 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gr 1 L L L L L Gp 3 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gp 3 Gp 3 Gr 1 L L L L L L L Gp 3 Gp 3 L L L Gr 1 Gp 3 L

10-Jul-2016 ˆ 80,000 14-Jul-2016 ˆ 60,000 17-Jul-2016 ˆ 115,000 23-Jul-2016 $500,000 24-Jul-2016 $300,000 31-Jul-2016 $1,000,000 6-Aug-2016 $1,250,000 10-Aug-2016 £42,000 10-Aug-2016 ˆ 55,000 12-Aug-2016 ˆ 48,000 14-Aug-2016 ˆ 27,000 19-Aug-2016 ˆ 55,000 20-Aug-2016 £85,000 20-Aug-2016 $300,000 27-Aug-2016 $750,000 28-Aug-2016 ˆ 60,000 28-Aug-2016 NOK 1,300,000 3-Sep-2016 $600,000 4-Sep-2016 ˆ 25,000 14-Sep-2016 ˆ 50,000 21-Sep-2016 €80,000 21-Sep-2016 £40,000 25-Sep-2016 ˆ 25,000 25-Sep-2016 ˆ 41,800 7-Oct-2016 €55,000 8-Oct-2016 ˆ 80,000 8-Oct-2016 £80000 16-Oct-2016 ˆ 55,000 22-Oct-2016 ˆ 41,800 29-Oct-2016 €45,000 4-Nov-2016 $2,000,000 6-Nov-2016 ˆ 77,000 13-Nov-2016 ˆ 55,000

Deauville Dresden Arlington Park Gowran Park Deauville Deauville

La Calonne - F.E.E Bwin Sachsen Preis Beverly D. St Denny Cordell Lavarack & Lanwades Stud Petite Etoile Lyphard

F&M Turf


Sandown Park Sandown Park Hamburg Belmont Park Belmont Park Hannover Delaware Park Le Lion d'Angers Newbury Maisons-Laffitte York Maisons-Laffitte Vichy Vichy Goodwood Deauville Munich Arlington Park

Gala St (Ambant) Eclipse St (Coral) Hamburg Trophy Belmont Oaks (BC) Filly & Mare Turf Belmont Derby Neue Bult Cup Delaware H'cap Grand Prix du Lion d'Angers Steventon St (JLT) Prix Eugene Adam Lyric St (EBF) La Pepiniere - Fonds Europeen de l'Elevage Madame Jean Couturie Vichy - Auvergne Nassau (Qatar) Psyche Grosser-Dallmayr Preis Bayerisches Zuchtrennen Arlington Million XXXI Turf

L L Gr 1 Gp 3 L L

6-Jul-2016 6-Aug-2016 13-Aug-2016 18-Sep-2016 29-Nov-2016 30-Nov-2016


1-Jul-2016 2-Jul-2016 8-Jul-2016 9-Jul-2016 9-Jul-2016 12-Jul-2016 16-Jul-2016 16-Jul-2016 16-Jul-2016 17-Jul-2016 22-Jul-2016 24-Jul-2016 25-Jul-2016 27-Jul-2016 30-Jul-2016 30-Jul-2016 31-Jul-2016 13-Aug-2016

1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f 1m 1f

22-Jun-2016 8-Jun-2016 8-Jun-2016

INV 4-Aug-2016 4-Aug-2016 4-Aug-2016 28-Jun-2016 11-Aug-2016 15-Aug-2016 11-Aug-2016 20-Jul-2016 27-Jun-2016 12-Jul-2016 8-Sep-2016 31-Aug-2016 15-Sep-2016 15-Sep-2016

21-Sep-2016 3-Oct-2016

25-Oct-2016 13-Oct-2016

1m 1½f (1900m) €48,000 €25,000 $700,000 €72,500 €55,000 €52,000

4+ F 3+ 3+ FM 3+ F 3 F 3+


1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900

3+ 3+ 3+ 3 F 3 3 3+ FM 3 3+ 3 3+ F&M 4+ F 3F 3+ 3+ F 3F 3+ 3+


2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore L Gp 1 Gp 3 Gr 1 Gr 1 L Gr 1 L L Gp 2 L L L Gp 3 Gp 1 Gp 3 Gp 1 Gr 1

1m½f 18-Jun-2016 1m½f 21-Jul-2016 1m½f 10-Sep-2016 1m½f 9-Aug-2016 1m½f 1m½f 1m½f 16-Aug-2016

1m 1f (1800m)


Furlongs Closing 1m 12-Oct-2016 1m 18-Oct-2016 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 10-Nov-2016 1m

£37,000 £475,000 ˆ 55,000 $1,000,000 $1,250,000 ˆ 25,000 $750,000 ˆ 55,000 £37,000 €130,000 £40,000 €48,000 ˆ 55,000 ˆ 80,000 £600,000 ˆ 80,000 ˆ 155,000 $1,000,000

1m 1½f 1m 1½f 1m 1½f 1m 1½f 1m 1½f 1m 1½f

28-Jun-2016 26-Feb-2016 21-May-2016 10-Aug-2016

1m 2f (2000m) 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f


25-Jun-2016 10-May-2016 10-May-2016 25-Jun-2016 25-Jun-2016 28-Jun-2016 5-Jul-2016 8-Jul-2016 11-Jul-2016 29-Jun-2016 16-Jul-2016 15-Jul-2016 18-Jul-2016 6-Jul-2016 21-Jun-2016 13-Jul-2016 10-May-2016 21-May-2016



Track Arlington Park Deauville Deauville Del Mar Saratoga Deauville Hannover Curragh Deauville Windsor Baden-Baden Saratoga Fontainebleau Marseille Borely Saint-Cloud Leopardstown Toulouse Curragh Bratislava Yarmouth Maisons-Laffitte Maisons-Laffitte Ayr Chantilly Chantilly Rome Hoppegarten Maisons-Laffitte Saint-Cloud Newmarket Newmarket Milan Dundalk Ascot Woodbine Moonee Valley Rome Baden-Baden Leopardstown Rome Newmarket Saint-Cloud Flemington Santa Anita Santa Anita Doncaster Rome Krefeld Saint-Cloud Lingfield Park Marseille Borely Rome Lingfield Park Saint-Cloud

Race Name & (Sponsor) Breeders’ Cup Secretariat Stakes Prix Guillaume d'Ornano (Haras du Logis Saint Germain Gontaut-Biron (Hong Kong Jockey Club) TGV Pacific Classic Classic Alabama Prix Jean Romanet (Darley) Grosser Audi Preis-Furstenberg-Rennen Royal Whip St (Kilfrush Stud) Nonette Winter Hill Sparkassen- Finanzgruppe-Spreti-Rennen Travers St Gd Prix de Fontainebleau - F.E.E. Coupe de Marseille Boulogne Irish Champion (Qipco) Turf Occitanie Blandford St (Moyglare 'Jewels') Slovak Oaks John Musker (EBF) (Stallions) La Coupe de Maisons-Laffitte Prince d'Orange Doonside Cup (William Hill) Prix Dollar (Qatar) Prix de l'Opera (Longines) F&M Turf Archidamia Deutschen Einheit ( Charles Laffitte Dahlia - F.E.E Pride (Dubai) Zetland (Dubai) Premio Verziere - Memorial Aldo Cirla Carlingford St Champion (Qipco) E P Taylor S Cox Plate Premio Lydia Tesio Baden-Wurttemberg-Trophy - Defi du Galop Trigo St Conte Felice Scheibler James Seymour (#ghostshipselfie) Criterium de Saint-Cloud Emirates (ex Mackinnon) Stakes BC Filly & Mare Turf F&M Turf BC Classic Gillies St (EBF) Premio Roma - GBI Racing Niederrhein Pokal Solitude Churchill St ( Grand Prix de Marseille Buontalenta - M. Giuseppe Valiani Quebec St (Coral) Guiche

Grade Gr 1 Gp 2 Gp 3 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gp 1 Gp 3 Gp 3 Gp 2 Gp 3 Gp 3 Gr 1 L L L Gp 1 L Gp 2 L L Gp 3 Gp 3 L Gp 2 Gp 1 L Gp 3 L L L L Gp 3 L Gp 1 Gr 1 Gp 1 Gp 1 Gp 3 L L L Gp 1 Gp 1 Gr 1 Gr 1 L Gp 1 Gp 3 L L L L L Gp 2

Race Date Value 13-Aug-2016 $450,000 15-Aug-2016 ˆ 400,000 15-Aug-2016 ˆ 80,000 20-Aug-2016 $1,000,000 20-Aug-2016 $600,000 21-Aug-2016 ˆ 250,000 21-Aug-2016 ˆ 55,000 21-Aug-2016 ˆ 65,000 23-Aug-2016 ˆ 130,000 27-Aug-2016 £60,000 27-Aug-2016 ˆ 55,000 27-Aug-2016 $1,250,000 2-Sep-2016 ˆ 48,000 3-Sep-2016 ˆ 55,000 4-Sep-2016 ˆ 52,000 10-Sep-2016 ˆ 1,250,000 10-Sep-2016 ˆ 55,000 11-Sep-2016 ˆ 200,000 11-Sep-2016 ˆ 23,000 14-Sep-2016 £40,000 17-Sep-2016 €80,000 17-Sep-2016 €80,000 17-Sep-2016 £70,000 1-Oct-2016 ˆ 200,000 2-Oct-2016 ˆ 400,000 2-Oct-2016 ˆ 41,800 3-Oct-2016 ˆ 75,000 3-Oct-2016 €55,000 5-Oct-2016 ˆ 48,000 7-Oct-2016 £50,000 8-Oct-2016 £50,000 9-Oct-2016 ˆ 77,000 14-Oct-2016 ˆ 45,000 15-Oct-2016 £1,300,000 16-Oct-2016 CAN500,000 22-Oct-2016 AUD$3,050,000 23-Oct-2016 ˆ 275,000 23-Oct-2016 €55,000 23-Oct-2016 ˆ 45,000 23-Oct-2016 ˆ 41,800 29-Oct-2016 £37,000 30-Oct-2016 ˆ 250,000 5-Nov-2016 AUD$2,000,000 5-Nov-2016 $2,000,000 5-Nov-2016 $5,000,000 5-Nov-2016 £40,000 6-Nov-2016 ˆ 275,000 6-Nov-2016 ˆ 55,000 8-Nov-2016 ˆ 55,000 12-Nov-2016 £45,000 13-Nov-2016 ˆ 60,000 13-Nov-2016 ˆ 41,800 17-Dec-2016 £40,000 8th May 16 ˆ 130000

1m 2f (2000m) Age 3 3 4+ 3+ 3 F 4+ F 3 3+ 3F 3+ 4+ 3 4+ F 3 4+ 3+ 3F 3+ F 3F 3+ F 3+ 3 3+ 3+ 3+ F 3+ F 3+ 3 F 4+ F 3+ F 2 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ F&M 3+ 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3 3+ 2 CF 3+ 3+ F&M 3+ 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3F 3+ 3+ 3+ F 3+ 3 CF



Dusseldorf York Haydock Park York Chantilly Dundalk Strasbourg Bro Park Saint-Cloud Croise-Laroche

Grafenberg Cup York St (Sky Bet) Rose of Lancaster St (Betfred) International St (Juddmonte) Liancourt Diamond St Grand Prix de la Region d'Alsace Stockholm Fillies And Mares St Flore Grand Prix du Nord


L Gp 2 Gp 3 Gp 1 L Gp 3 L L Gp 3 L

17-Jul-2016 23-Jul-2016 6-Aug-2016 17-Aug-2016 1-Sep-2016 30-Sep-2016 2-Oct-2016 16-Oct-2016 23-Oct-2016 10-Nov-2016

Metres 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000

Monmouth Park Hamburg Hamburg Hamilton Park Dusseldorf Dusseldorf Merano Windsor Newbury Milan Hannover Rome Hannover Bro Park


United Nations St Almased Cup - Hamburger Stutenpreis Hamburger Stutencup Glasgow St (E.B.F.) Diana (158th Henkel Preis (German Oaks)) Henkel-Trophy EBF Terme di Merano August St Arc Trial Dubai Duty Free Legacy Cup) Premio Federico Tesio Neue Bult Stuten-Steher-Cup Villa Borghese Memorial F. Cadoni Herbst Stutenpreis Songline Classic



Gr 1 Gp 3 L L Gp 1 L L L Gp 3 Gp 2 L L Gp 3 L

3-Jul-2016 9-Jul-2016 10-Jul-2016 15-Jul-2016 7-Aug-2016 7-Aug-2016 15-Aug-2016 27-Aug-2016 17-Sep-2016 18-Sep-2016 2-Oct-2016 2-Oct-2016 30-Oct-2016 30-Oct-2016

Closing 21-May-2016 27-Jul-2016 27-Jul-2016 11-Aug-2016 3-Aug-2016 21-Aug-2016 13-Jul-2016 3-Aug-2016 22-Aug-2016 12-Jul-2016

25-May-2016 3-Aug-2016 11-Mar-2016 8-Sep-2016 31-Aug-2016 31-Aug-2016 12-Sep-2016 24-Aug-2016 24-Aug-2016 2-Aug-2016

1-Oct-2016 3-Oct-2016 15-Sep-2016 10-Oct-2016 2-Aug-2016 28-Sep-2016 2-Aug-2016 6-Oct-2016 30-Aug-2016 18-Oct-2016 24-Oct-2016 12-Oct-2015 20-Sep-2016

31-Oct-2016 13-Oct-2016 13-Sep-2016 7-Nov-2016

12-Dec-2016 20-Apr-2016

1m 2½f (2100m) €25,000 £100,000 £63,000 £850,000 €55,000 €60,000 €60,000 SEK 500,000 €80,000 €55,000

3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ 3 F 3+ 3+ 3+F 3+ F 3


2100 2100 2100 2100 2100 2100 2100 2100 2100 2100

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore USA GER GER GB GER GER ITY GB GB ITY GER ITY GER SWE

Furlongs 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f 1m 2f

$300,000 ˆ 55,000 ˆ 25,000 £40,000 ˆ 500,000 ˆ 25,000 ˆ 41,800 £37,000 £60,000 ˆ 132,000 ˆ 25,000 ˆ 41,800 ˆ 55,000 SEK 400,000

1m 2½f 1m 2½f 1m 2½f 1m 2½f 1m 2½f 1m 2½f 1m 2½f 1m 2½f 1m 2½f 1m 2½f

18-Jul-2016 1-Aug-2016 21-Jun-2016 24-Aug-2016 19-Sep-2016 5-Oct-2016

1m 3f (2200m) 3+ 3F 4+ F 3 3F 3+ 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+F 3+ 3+ F 3+


2200 2200 2200 2200 2200 2200 2200 2200 2200 2200 2200 2200 2200 2200

1m 3f 1m 3f 1m 3f 1m 3f 1m 3f 1m 3f 1m 3f 1m 3f 1m 3f 1m 3f 1m 3f 1m 3f 1m 3f 1m 3f

18-Jun-2016 10-May-2016 28-Jun-2016 9-Jul-2016 CLOSED 26-Jul-2016 22-Aug-2016 12-Sep-2016 25-Aug-2016 20-Sep-2016 6-Sep-2016 26-Sep-2016

STAKES SCHEDULES Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13 Country GER ITY

Track Dresden Naples

Race Name & (Sponsor) Grosser Dresdner Herbstpreis Unire


Haydock Park

Lancashire Oaks (bet365)

Breeders’ Cup

Grade L L

Race Date 16-Nov-2016 18-Dec-2016

1m 3f (2200m)

Value ˆ 25,000 ˆ 41,800

Age 3+ 3+

Surface T T

Metres 2200 2200


3+ F




Gp 2


Saint-Cloud Saint-Cloud Hamburg Nantes Roscommon Newmarket Hamburg Saint Cloud Ovrevoll Saint-Cloud Curragh Newmarket Bratislava Ascot Avenches Goodwood Vichy Goodwood Vichy Newbury Cork Leopardstown Copenhagen Berlin-Hoppegarten York York York Clairefontaine Saratoga Ovrevoll Baden-Baden Kempton Park Baden-Baden Veliefendi Craon Galway Chantilly Leopardstown Chester Chantilly Chantilly Chantilly Bro Park Saint-Cloud Woodbine Saint-Cloud Ascot Newmarket Cologne Ascot Chantilly Toulouse Jagersro Curragh Caulfield Ascot Milan Chantilly Woodbine Naas Geelong Newbury Zarzuela Bendigo Nantes Milan Munich Kempton Park Santa Anita Sandown Lyon-Parilly Kempton Park Toulouse Ovrevoll

Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud Turf Malleret Grosser Hansa-Preis Derby de l'Ouest (Haras du Saz) Lenebane Princess of Wales's St Deutsches Derby (IDEE) Grand Prix de Paris (Juddmonte) Oslo Cup Thiberville Irish Oaks (Darley) Aphrodite St (Newsells Park Stud) Slovak Derby King George VI and Queen Elizabeth (Qipco) Turf Grand Prix d'Avenches - Defi du Galop Gordon St Hubert Baguenault de Puchesse Glorious St Frederic de Lagrange Chalice St (EBF) Give Thanks St (Irish Stallion Farms EBF) Ballyroan St Scandinavian Open Championship Deutschland Preis Great Voltigeur St (Betway) Yorkshire Oaks (Darley) F&M Turf Galtres St (EBF) Grand Prix de Clairefontaine Longines Sword Dancer Turf Scandic Norwegian Derby T. von Zastrow Stutenpreis (Badener Stutenpreis) Filly & Mare Turf September St (totescoop6) Longines Grosser Preis von Baden Turf Internationsl Bosphorus Cup Grand Prix de Craon Oyster St Tourelles - Fonds Europeen Kilternan St (KPMG Enterprise) Stand Cup (Stella Artois) Prix Vermeille (Qatar) Prix du Niel (Qatar) Prix Foy (Qatar) Stockholm Cup International Joubert Northern Dancer BC Turf Turenne Princess Royal St (E.B.F.) (Nayef) Godolphin (Sakhee) Europa Cumberland Lodge St (Gigaset) Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe (Qatar) Panacee - F.E.E Skanska Faltrittklubbens Jubileumslopning Brown Panther BMW Caulfield Cup QIPCO British Champions Series Fillies & Mares Gran Premio del Jockey Club Conseil de Paris Pattison Canadian International Bluebell E.B.F. Geelong Cup St Simon St (Worthington's Victoria Club) Gran Premio Memorial Duque de Toledo Bendigo Cup Grand Prix de la Ville de Nantes Giovanni Falck Grosser Pries Von Bayern Floodlit St (32Red) BC Turf Turf Zipping Classic Grand Camp Wild Flower St ( Max Sicard Scandic Norwegian Derby

Gp 1 Gp 2 Gp 2 L L Gp 2 Gp 1 Gp 1 Gp 3 L Gp 1 L Gp 3 Gp 1 L Gp 3 L Gp 3 L L Gp 3 Gp 3 Gp 3 Gp 1 Gp 2 Gp 1 L L Gr 1 L Gp 2 Gp 3 Gp 1 Gp 2 L L L Gp 3 L Gp 1 Gp 2 Gp 2 Gp 3 L Gr 1 L L L Gp 1 Gp 3 Gp 1 L L L Gp 1 Gp 1 Gp 1 Gp 2 Gr 1 L Gp 3 Gp 3 L Gp 3 L L Gp 1 L Gr 1 Gp 2 L L L L

3-Jul-2016 3-Jul-2016 3-Jul-2016 4-Jul-2016 4-Jul-2016 7-Jul-2016 10-Jul-2016 14-Jul-2016 14-Jul-2016 14-Jul-2016 16-Jul-2016 16-Jul-2016 17-Jul-2016 23-Jul-2016 26-Jul-2016 27-Jul-2016 28-Jul-2016 29-Jul-2016 29-Jul-2016 30-Jul-2016 2-Aug-2016 4-Aug-2016 6-Aug-2016 14-Aug-2016 17-Aug-2016 18-Aug-2016 18-Aug-2016 22-Aug-2016 27-Aug-2016 28-Aug-2016 3-Sep-2016 3-Sep-2016 4-Sep-2016 4-Sep-2016 5-Sep-2016 5-Sep-2016 8-Sep-2016 10-Sep-2016 10-Sep-2016 11-Sep-2016 11-Sep-2016 11-Sep-2016 11-Sep-2016 14-Sep-2016 17-Sep-2016 19-Sep-2016 23-Sep-2016 23-Sep-2016 25-Sep-2016 1-Oct-2016 2-Oct-2016 5-Oct-2016 6-Oct-2016 9-Oct-2016 15-Oct-2016 15-Oct-2016 16-Oct-2016 16-Oct-2016 16-Oct-2016 16-Oct-2016 19-Oct-2016 22-Oct-2016 23-Oct-2016 26-Oct-2016 29-Oct-2016 29-Oct-2016 1-Nov-2016 2-Nov-2016 5-Nov-2016 12-Nov-2016 19-Nov-2016 23-Nov-2016 11-Dec-2016 27-Aug-2017

Closing 8-Nov-2016

1m 3½f (2300m)


Furlongs 1m 3f 1m 3f

ˆ 400,000 ˆ 130,000 ˆ 70,000 ˆ 55,000 ˆ 45,000 £100,000 ˆ 650,000 ˆ 600,000 NOK 600,000 ˆ 55,000 ˆ 400,000 £40,000 ˆ 64,000 £1,150,000 €50,000 £100,000 ˆ 52,000 £100,000 ˆ 55,000 £40,000 ˆ 75,000 ˆ 60,000 DKK 450,000 ˆ 175,000 £160,000 £340,000 £60,000 ˆ 55,000 $1,000,000 NOK 1,200,000 ˆ 70,000 £62,000 ˆ 250,000 ˆ 306,000 ˆ 60,000 ˆ 55,000 ˆ 52,000 ˆ 100,000 £40,000 ˆ 350,000 ˆ 130,000 ˆ 130,000 SEK 1,400,000 ˆ 55,000 CAN300,000+ ˆ 55,000 £40,000 £40,000 ˆ 155,000 £60,000 ˆ 5,000,000 ˆ 52,000 SEK 600,000 ˆ 45,000 AUD$3,150,000 £550,000 ˆ 275,000 ˆ 130,000 CAN1,000,000 ˆ 57,500 AUD$315,000 £60,000 ˆ 68,000 AUD$303,500 ˆ 60,000 ˆ 41,800 ˆ 155,000 £40,000 $3,000,000 AUD$301,000 ˆ 52,000 £40,000 ˆ 60,000 NOK 1,200,000

1m 3½f 27-Jun-2016

1m 4f (2400m) 4+ 3F 3+ 3 3+ 3+ 3 CF 3 CF 3+ 3F 3F 3+ F 3 C&F 3+ 3+ 3 4+ 4+ 3 3+ F&M 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ 3 C&G 3+ F 3+ F 3 3+ 3 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ C&F 3+ 3+ F 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ F 3 CF 4+ CF 3+ 3F 3+ 3 C&G 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ CF 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 3 CG + F


2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400

1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f 1m 4f


15-Jun-2016 15-Jun-2016 10-May-2016 27-Jun-2016 29-Jun-2016 14-Jun-2016 15-Sep-2015 17-Feb-2016 23-May-2016 6-Jul-2016 4-Nov-2016 11-Jul-2016 11-Mar-2016 7-Jun-2016 21-Jul-2016 20-Jul-2016 23-Jul-2016 21-Jul-2016 25-Jul-2016 29-Jun-2016 29-Jun-2016 27-Jun-2016 24-May-2016 28-Jun-2016 21-Jun-2016 12-Aug-2016 16-Aug-2016 CLOSED 12-Jul-2016 29-Aug-2016 14-Jun-2016 3-Aug-2016 31-Aug-2016 3-Aug-2016 5-Sep-2016 24-Aug-2016 24-Aug-2016 24-Aug-2016 8-Aug-2016 31-Aug-2016 17-Sep-2016 17-Sep-2016 26-Jun-2016 26-Sep-2016 11-May-2016 5-Sep-2016 4-Oct-2016 2-Aug-2016 2-Aug-2016 22-Sep-2016 28-Sep-2016 28-Sep-2016 16-Oct-2016 13-Oct-2016 17-Oct-2016 20-Oct-2016

9-Aug-2016 27-Oct-2016 7-Nov-2016 17-Nov-2016 7-Mar-2016


STAKES SCHEDULES Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13 Country FR FR FR FR SWI FR FR AUS AUS FR

Track Deauville Deauville Deauville Deauville Zurich-Dielsdorf Chantilly Deauville Moonee Valley Flemington Saint Cloud

Race Name & (Sponsor) Reux (Haras de la Pomme (Arg)) Shadwell Pomone Minerve Grand Prix de Deauville (Lucien Barriere) Grand Prix Jockey Club Prix Royallieu (Qatar) Vulcain Moonee Valley Cup Lexus Stakes Belle de Nuit - F.E.E

Breeders’ Cup


Newmarket Newbury Chester Lingfield Park Flemington

Trophy St (Bahrain) Geoffrey Freer St (Betfred) Chester (Crabbie's Alcoholic Ginger Beer) H'cap River Eden St (EBF) Queen Elizabeth Stakes

Grade Gp 3 Gp 2 Gp 3 Gp 2 L Gp 2 L Gp 2 Gp 3 L

Race Date 7-Aug-2016 13-Aug-2016 14-Aug-2016 28-Aug-2016 25-Sep-2016 1-Oct-2016 18-Oct-2016 22-Oct-2016 29-Oct-2016 18-Nov-2016

1m 4½f (2500m)

Value €80,000 €130,000 €80,000 €200,000 €100,000 €250,000 €55,000 AUD$310,000 AUD$301,500 €52,000

Age 3+ 3+ F 3 F 3+ 3+ 3+ F 3 3+ 3+ 3+ F

Surface T T T T T T T T T T

Metres 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500

£100,000 £60,000 £37,000 £40,000 AUD$301,500

3 3+ 3+ 3+ F 3+


2600 2600 2600 2600 2600


Gp 3 Gp 3 L L Gp 3

7-Jul-2016 13-Aug-2016 20-Aug-2016 27-Oct-2016 5-Nov-2016

York Saint-Cloud Leopardstown Down Royal Goodwood Curragh Goodwood Baden-Baden Curragh Dortmund Bratislava Ascot Saint-Cloud Bath Milan Rome

Silver Cup (John Smith's) Maurice de Nieuil Challenge St E.B.F Her Majesty's Plate Lillie Langtry St (Markel Insurance) Ballycullen St March St Mercedes Benz Steherpreis Irish St Leger (Palmerstown House Estate) Grosser Preis von DSW 21 - Deutsches St Leger Slovak St. Leger Noel Murless (Londonmetric) Scaramouche Beckford (E.B.F.) St Leger Italiano Roma Vecchia


Doncaster Doncaster

Park Hill St (DFS) St Leger (Ladbrokes)

L Gp 2 L L Gp 3 Gp 3 L L Gp 1 Gp 3 L L L L Gp 3 L

9-Jul-2016 14-Jul-2016 14-Jul-2016 22-Jul-2016 28-Jul-2016 21-Aug-2016 27-Aug-2016 3-Sep-2016 11-Sep-2016 18-Sep-2016 25-Sep-2016 30-Sep-2016 5-Oct-2016 12-Oct-2016 22-Oct-2016 13-Nov-2016

Gp 2 Gp 1

8-Sep-2016 10-Sep-2016

£40,000 ˆ 130000 ˆ 55,000 ˆ 45,000 £100,000 ˆ 60,000 £40,000 ˆ 25,000 ˆ 400,000 ˆ 55,000 ˆ 19,000 £37,000 ˆ 52,000 £ 40,000 ˆ 64,900 ˆ 41,800

3+ 4+ 3+ 3+ 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3 C&F 3 3+ 3+ F 3+ 3+


2800 2800 2800 2800 2800 2800 2800 2800 2800 2800 2800 2800 2800 2800 2800 2800

Maisons-Laffitte Deauville Deauville Saint-Cloud Chantilly Curragh Chantilly

Carrousel Michel Houyvet Prix du Kergorlay (Darley) Lutece Gladiateur (Qatar) Loughbrown St Prix Chaudenay (Qatar)

L L Gp 2 Gp 3 Gp 3 L Gp 2

21-Jul-2016 14-Aug-2016 21-Aug-2016 4-Sep-2016 11-Sep-2016 25-Sep-2016 1-Oct-2016

£90000 £700,000

3+ F 3 C&F


2900 2900

Saint-Cloud Saint-Cloud

Prix Royal-Oak Denisy


Sandown Park Hamburg Goodwood York Newmarket Ascot Flemington Sandown

Esher St (Coral) Langer Hamburger Goodwood Cup (Qatar) Lonsdale Cup (Weatherbys Hamilton) Rose Bowl St (Jockey Club) British Champions Long Distance Cup (Qipco) Emirates Melbourne Cup Sandown Cup



Doncaster Cup

Gp 1 L

23-Oct-2016 12-Nov-2016

€52,000 ˆ 55,000 ˆ 130,000 ˆ 80,000 ˆ 80000 ˆ 45,000 ˆ 200,000

4+ 3 3+ 3 4+ 3 3


3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000

€350,000 €52,000

2-Jul-2016 £37,000 5-Jul-2016 ˆ 25,000 28-Jul-2016 £300,000 19-Aug-2016 £160,000 22-Sep-2016 £40,000 15-Oct-2016 £300,000 1-Nov-2016 AUD$6,200,000 12-Nov-2016 AUD$150,000


3+ 3+


3100 3100

4+ 4+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+


3200 3200 3200 3200 3200 3200 3200 3200


Silbernes Band



Prix du Cadran (Qatar)




Gp 1

13-Jul-2016 5-Aug-2016 3-Aug-2016 17-Aug-2016 24-Aug-2016 20-Sep-2016 24-Aug-2016




1m 7½f 1m 7½f


2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m

27-Jun-2016 21-Jun-2016 21-Jun-2016 13-Aug-2016 16-Sep-2016 2-Aug-2016 30-Aug-2016 7-Nov-2016

2m2f (3600m) £100,000

2m 2f


2m 3f (3800m)


ˆ 25,000










1m 7f 1m 7f 1m 7f 1m 7f 1m 7f 1m 7f 1m 7f

2m (3200m)

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore GER

1m 6½f 2-Sep-2016 1m 6½f 19-Jul-2016

1m 7½f (3100m)

Visit Gp 2

6-Oct-2016 29-Sep-2016

1m 7f (3000m)

Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13 L L Gp 2 Gp 2 L Gp 2 Gp 1 L

4-Jul-2016 29-Jun-2016 7-Jul-2016 18-Jul-2016 22-Jul-2016 13-Jul-2016 22-Aug-2016 23-Aug-2016 25-May-2016 26-Jul-2016 11-Mar-2016 24-Sep-2016

1m 6½f (2900m)

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore FR FR

17-Oct-2016 24-Oct-2016

1m 5f 1-Jul-2016 1m 5f 8-Aug-2016 1m 5f 15-Aug-2016 1m 5f 21-Oct-2016 1m 5f 31-Oct-2016

1m 6f 1m 6f 1m 6f 1m 6f 1m 6f 1m 6f 1m 6f 1m 6f 1m 6f 1m 6f 1m 6f 1m 6f 1m 6f 1m 6f 1m 6f 1m 6f



1m 6f (2800m)

Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13

Closing 20-Jul-2016 27-Jul-2016 27-Jul-2016 10-Aug-2016

1m 5f (2600m)

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore GB FR IRE IRE GB IRE GB GER IRE GER SVK GB FR GB ITY ITY

Furlongs 1m 4½f 1m 4½f 1m 4½f 1m 4½f 1m 4½f 1m 4½f 1m 4½f 1m 4½f 1m 4½f 1m 4½f

2m 3f


2m 4½f (4100m)

2m 4½f 24-Aug-2016



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