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Life In the 80’s

80 ¢

Learn how life was in the 80’s

May 9, 2018


Table of Contents 3- Education

23- Domestic Affairs

5- Fashion

24- Domestic Affairs

7- Film & Theatre

25- Celebrity Gossip

8- Food

26- games

10- Culture

27- citations

11- Sports

29- citations

13- Music

30- citations

15- Book Review 16- Way We Lived 18- Government and Politics 20- Law and Justice 21- Foreign Affairs 22- Foreign Affairs


EDUCATION

School The 80s were not really know for their education as much as their culture. The education was one of the biggest concerns for the U.S. at the time. Even though people realized this, they did not put anything into effect until the end of the decade. This left the 90s much better for young people. Even though the educational system was not the worst, it was not the best either. People from the 70s had left an ideology with some people about “what difference does education make?�. This was problematic. Schools rarely taught foreign languages. Also, many kids were given less mandatory classes and had more electives due to this ideology. The education system was not the best in the 80s, at least in the beginning. Later on, schools realized that it was unacceptable how they were teaching kids and they put on more mandatory classes and less electives.

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3 best fashion trends from the 80’s

Air Jordans by Nike

This collab between nike and Michael Jordan became one of the most memorable fashion trends of the 80’s

Pleated Skirts-

Pleated skirts are here to stay. This style from 1984 has made a comeback in a variety of colors. The most popular being metallic colors.

High-waisted jeansThese types of jeans were extremely popular in the late 80’s and have made their way back to modern fashion trends.

Fashion The fashion in the 80’s was very particular. It sported many colors and many different shapes shapes. In the early 1980’s the style was very similar to the 70’s. Many people wore blocked shapes and it was even in style to dress like a tennis player. Although browns , tans, and dark oranges were in style through the early 80’s, bright and bold colors colors took part in the mid 80’s. Accessories such as sunglasses and hoop earrings were very in style for girls. Due to MTV music videos it became popular to dress wildly like the stars on TV. Neon colors completed many young girls’ outfits. As for hair and makeup, teased hair and eccentric makeup took over the 80’s. Less eccentric outfits such as skin tight shirts and v necks were also very in style. Air Jordans from Nike took over the decade. All 5 the kids in school were wearing them.


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Film & Theatre

What was trending?

The 80’s was one of the most important decades for movies. It included movies like Indiana Jones or even the movie which was at the peak of the Star Wars saga, The Empire Strikes Back. These were great cultural movies, but they never elevated any movie genres or evolved them. The first evolutionary movie of the 80’s was definitely the terrifying psychological horror film the Shining.The Shining was directed by Stanley Kubrick and it is loosely, very loosely, based off of the novel of the same name. The movie did not break many records and was not really famous until the end of the decade. The Shining evolved horror drastically. Before this, horror movies like Halloween or the Texas Chainsaw Massacre were gory jump scare fests. The Shining was psychologically terrifying. The exterior was not really scary. It seemed like a really badly edited wanna-be horror movie. Once cults found out about the movie, it became an instant classic. Multiple analysis of the movie were confirmed by the genius director and the movie’s true meaning of how people can lose their minds just by being by the same people for too long terrified viewers. The next movie on our list is Blade Runner, the quickly popularized action/cult movie that elevated the sci-fi genre of movies. Eventually, it inspired the sequel Blade Runner 2049. The movie takes place in the year 2020 and it predicts a lot of stuff, like flying cars or large holographic advertising screens (which we do have today). Overall, the movie showed that a sci-fi movie does not have to be superficial. They can have true themes and still have critical acclaim and impressive box office numbers.

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food Sloppy Joes A sloppy joe is a sandwich that can be made with ground beef or pork, with onions, and lastly tomato sauce or ketchup. This simple dish took over the 80’s. It became so popular that the ground beef with tomato sauce started being sold in cans by companies such as McCormick and Pasta Salad Hunts. The 80’s was all about being wild and going out of the comfort zone. Pasta is a dish that is meant to be served hot with a nice creamy sauce. During the 80’s everything changed. Pasta salad became a smash hit. This recipe consisted of tri colored pasta, salad dressing (usually italian), refreshing vegetables such as cucumbers or tomatoes, and spices such as oregano. then , it is chilled and served cold.

Jello Pudding Pops

Bill Cosby popularized the jello pudding pops. These pops were frozen Jello pudding. They came in many flavors such as peanut butter - chocolate, vanilla, chocolate, and chocolate vanilla swirl. These delicious snacks were popular among children which made them a necessity in household refrigerators.

FAVORITE SNACKS

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Culture

This is America The 1980’s were a happy time for many people. The culture aspect of America was prospering. Movies were finding places in people’s hearts, the music of the time was making the people feel more joyous than ever, and the sports were becoming more important to a person’s life. Things such as Star Wars and Michael Jackson were influencing a person’s regular life. People would go to the movies to watch blockbuster movies such as “E.T.:The Extra-Terrestrial”, “Return of the Jedi”, “Breakfast Club” , “Pretty in Pink”, etc. Family sitcoms were popular throughout the homes of america. Shows such as “Roseanne”, “The Cosby Show”, and “Married...with Children” were very popular. Renting movies and playing them on the VCR became a regular thing to do. Many American households started investing in cable service for their Televisions. The most popular network on cable was MTV. MTV came out in 1981 and streamed music videos from the most famous people in music. MTV influenced fashion because people would try and imitate music videos and look like stars. Heavy Metals encouraged bad behavior in young people, particularly young men.

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sports The 1982 World Cup In 1982 the World cup was held in spain and held 24 teams, which was the first expansion of the tournament since 1934. The final of the 1982 world cup featured West German v.s. Italy (germany at the time was divided). In the final game Italy won (3-1), making the Italians the winner of now 3 World Cups. A boycott of the tournament was almost carried out by the British because of the Argentinian invasion of the Falkland islands in South America, The British recaptured these island only after a few months but the conflict remained. This was resolved by Fifa making it that England and Northern Ireland would only play Argentina in the final, and Scotland would only play them in the second round.

The 1986 World Cup The 1986 world cup was hosted by Mexico the 3rd spanish speaking country to do so in a row. The 1986 world cup final featured Argentina and again West German. After a long game and Maradona scoring the (Hand of God goal) Argentina came out victorious in a close (3-2) game.

The “greatest” now great In 1980 Muhammad Ali (38 at the time) came out of “retirement” when challenged by Larry Homes, and was unfortunately knocked out in the 10th round. 11


music

Bops of the Decade The 80s is considered by many people as one of the best decades for music. Many classics were formed those 10 years. Many of the famous artists of the time were Michael Jackson, Madonna, Aerosmith, AC/DC, Bon Jovi, and many more. The most popular genres of music in the 80s were rock and pop. The pop genre was one of the newer ones, since rock had been evolving since the 50s. Many people thought some of the best songs of the 80s were Thriller by Michael Jackson, Living On a Prayer by Bon Jovi, and Billie Jean, which was also by Michael Jackson. Once again, most of these songs are either rock or pop, proving that the genres were the most dominant ones of the decade. Rock is slowly dying out now, sadly. There has not been many good rock hits in recent years. Unlike pop, which is still alive and well but is completely different to what they had in the 80s.

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Way We Lived

Lifestyle The 80s were a great time to live in. A lot of people were extremely happy with what they could do. People could walk to arcades or restaurants, they could have parties whenever they wanted, and everyone had good employment, at least most people did. Beneath all of this,though, was a secret tension between adults. Everyone knew that a nuclear war was imminent. The Cold War was increasing in tension ever since it began. This was very hidden under the happiness of everyone. People also did not usually ride cars everywhere, like nowadays. People walked with their friends to school or wherever they wanted to meet with someone. Furthermore, communication was more limited. People did not have very portable phones. They did not have smartphones like today’s people. Overall, the 80s lifestyle is considered to be one of the best lifestyles ever. Some people, like the constant connection to the internet, but others could do without all the technology we have now.

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Government & Politics Reagan’s domestic Affairs

On January 20, 1981 Ronald Reagan was elected for president of the United States making him the 40th president of the United States and the 16th republican president to serve the American people, who is credited with ending the Cold War. One of his many foreign marvels. On March 30, 1981 John Hinckley shot to kill at Ronald Reagan. Hinckley was a mentally disturbed boy from Colorado who attempted to assassinate the president not for political reasons or personal reasons, but because he wanted to impress actress Jodie Foster. Luckily Mr. President had survived and was more popular among the public as a “survivor� then when he had left the White House. In August 1981 13,000 air traffic controllers went on strike in their own employment Union. Ronald demanded them back to work because they were necessary workers. When these people refused he fired all of them and hired replacement scabs. Temporarily suspending the airline industry in hardship. Reagan did have a conservative agenda that did not go so well with blacks or women and he strongly opposed abortion. His administration cut many funds to organisation for mothers, children, and minorities.Though he did appoint the first woman Supreme Court Justice his popularity with the women voters. Also, Reagan saw the drug abuse and aids epidemic as a moral problem in the US and did not use governmental aid on this issue. Even after this, Ronald Reagan still left the Office of president of the USA with the highest approval rating that any president has ever had. During some of the 1980s the government was deep in a recession. The country wanted change from the liberal social policies and they wanted change. So Reagan promised to get the country out of this depression through cutting taxes, balancing the budget, withdrawing support from social welfare and returning some power to state governments. A promise he kept very well. 17


Law & Justice

The Green River Killer Along the Green River in Washington state, a massive amount of murders occurred mostly from 1982-83. A man named Gary Ridgway (who had a history of frequenting and abusing prostitutes) was made a suspect as early as 1983 of 48 murders, most being of prostitutes. The technologies in 1987 could not tie the DNA samples taken at the time to him. Much later in 2001, DNA technologies tied Ridgway to the murders and he was tried for his actions. Were he pled guilty to all the 48 murders and confessed to in total 71 murders. So the court sentenced him to 48 life sentences without the the possibility of parole, in exchange for not getting the death penalty.

Fawaz Younis

In March 1989, Fawaz Younis became the first foreign terrorist to be tried for a crime against americans on foreign soil. He was sentenced to 30 years in prison. His crime was hijacking a Jordanian plane carrying two Americans on Sept. 13, 1987. He made demands that were not met and then ordered the Crew to fly the plane to Cyprus, then Sicily, and land in Beirut. Then they released the hostages, held a press conference, blew up the plane on the landing, and ran away. Congress had passed the Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984 that gave the FBI the power to juristic terrorist acts in which Americans were taken hostage, wherever the act occurred. This act gave them full power to do what they had done.

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Domestic Affairs

Government Policies

T

he late 70’s in the US were a

bad time for some people. There were radical and countercultural acts in the 60’s and 70’s such as the Watergate scandal and the Vietnam War that worried some Americans. After Jimmy Carter’s presidency, inflation rises, so did crime, and distrust in the government. The 80’s became the years of Ronald Reagan’s presidency. The New Right started growing in the late 70’s and early 80’s. It was a populist conservative movement in America. People such as evangelical

christians, anti-tax crusaders, and disaffected white liberals became followers of the New Party. Many Historians believe the New party rose because of “Sunbelt”. Sunbelt was a rural and suburban part of the south west. After World War two, many people started going to this area to live. People did this in order to avoid city problems such as overcrowding, pollution, and crime. Also they were tired of paying taxes for programs they did not use. The New Party became popular among citizens who had supported liberal policies but did no longer support the democratic party.

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Domestic Affairs The disaffected liberals that were known for being part of the New Party became known as “ Reagan Democrats”. They were responsible for the millions of votes the Republican candidate, Ronald Reagan, received. Reagan won against Jimmy Carter and won 51% of the vote. Reagan was previously a Hollywood movie star. He appeared as a character in one of his movies called George Gipp, this character was the inspiration for his nickname, The Gipper. Reagan promised many things once he took office. He recommended the industrial deregulation, reductions in government spending, and tax cuts for people and businesses.

Domestically reagan’s economic policis were not as successful as its partisans had expected. Mostly when it came to a key idea of . the plan, which was balancing the . budget. There was huge increases in . military spending. Pentagon spending / would reach $34 million per hour. In . 1892 US had its a period of economic downfall. It was the worst downfall since the Great Depression. In November of 1982, 9,000,000 people were unemployed. Many businesses closed and homes and farms were taken away from families. Slowly, the economy improved and “Reaganomics” became popular again. Even the stock market crash in october of 1987 did not affect anyone’s confidence. Raegan had record expenditures. During his eight years in office he gathered more debt than any of the other presidents combined. His debt didn’t stop anyone from believing he was a great president. He had the highrst approval rating since Franklin Roosvelt.

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FOREIGN AFFAIR

the Iran-Contra Scandal

The Sandinistas

In 1979 the Sandinista libertarian movement had finally overthrown the dictatorship Anastasio Somoza Debayle. This sparked a discomfort in Ronald Reagan, and made worse by the already present guerilla fighting that is still present in some South American countries today. The Commies in America's backyard caused Kennedy to invest with military aid in other Latin countries to prevent them from falling to communism. Also, The US government as a policy of containment invested in a rebel group in Nicaragua, Called the Contras.

The Contras

The Contras were a right-wing anti-communist group of rebel groups that were founded in 1979 and ended in 1990. The Contras were at first funded by the US government, but because of how they were also funded by Narco trafficking, the US cut support. Ronald Reagan saw the Sandinistas as a major threat to the security of the US. So he covertly funded the Contras in their battle against Nicaragua. All news reporters in Nicaragua ignored all leads that would lead them back to The administration's involvement until a CIA supply plane crash landed in Communist Nicaragua. Which ended up looking very bad.

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FOREIGN AFFAIR The Iran-Contra Scandal

At the start of 1985, a group of Americans were being held hostage in Lebanon by a Shīʿite terrorist group that pledged allegiance to Iran. So the head of the NSC sold weapons to Iran in the hope that that sale would ensure that the American citizens would be given back safely. This sale would violate the Government’s policy of not bargaining with terrorists and not aiding the IRan war effort against Iraq. Iran gave the US 43 million for the weapons. A portion of this money was diverged by the NSC to help the Nicaraguan Contras by Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North. This went against the Boland Amendment that was put into place in 1984 that had banning all direct and indirect support of the Contras.

The hit taken back home

In November 1986 the illegal acts of the NSC came to light and the public was infuriated. They had to admit that they kept funding the Contras through selling arms to Iran (which also violated the trade embargo against Iran)) and then lied about everything. Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North admit that Reagan and the vice president knew about the transfers and both denied this and were never further prosecuted. At the end of the scandal only the head of the NSC and Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North lost their jobs, Ronald Reagan's public image was damaged, the power of the executive branch’s power was questioned, and US was temporarily distrusted as a police against terrorism. 23


Book Review

“Matilda� By Roald Dahl

Matilda is a young genius. She is always being witty at her parents and making them look dumb. Matilda is always being ignored and treated unfairly by her dad, who is a criminal and sells bad cars, and her mom who outright is horrible to her. She never enjoys herself. Finally, after reading a book, she spends many days at the library avoiding her parents. She forms a strong bond and befriends her teacher at her torture school. This book is great. It can teach kids many things like to speak out if you are not being treated fairly. It can also teach adults to listen to your kids. One might never know if a child has a special gift if they never listen to them. The book is greatly presented in straight-to-the-point pages. There is not many drags in the book unlike many adult books you might find. Matilda gets an A for both adults and kids!

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Celebrity Gossip

Marvin Gaye is murdered by father Marvin Gaye, also known as the Prince of Soul, was an infamous american musician. Gaye became known around the world for his soulful music. He is known for songs such as “How Sweet It Is (To Be Loved By You)” and “Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology)”. He was born in Washington D.C. on April 2, 1939. His parents were called Marvin Gay sr. and Alberta Gay. He started singing in his father's church which led to him being discovered. Marvin Gaye moved with his parents in the house he bought them the year of 1983. He moved in order to cope with his depression, cocaine addiction, and debt. Marvin Gaye was in a horrible emotional shape. On April 1, 1984 , one day before his birthday, Marvin Gaye and Marvin Gay Sr. had an argument. The argument then escalated into a physical fight. While Alberta Gay was trying to calm down their son in his bedroom Marvin Gay Sr. took the revolver that was given to him by his son. He shot him 3 times in his chest, fatally wounding the legendary singer. Some speculate there was more motive behind this. Some people believe Gaye Sr. was jealous of his son’s successes. Regardless of the motive, the death of Marvin Gaye struck the world with surprise and sadness.

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games

80’s Word Search V H K Q M B V B H E K Z Y S N J T B N L

I J Y Q U U V A V U B E U O N H Y N X L

G Y S X H R A Y H W B V S Z R A I X E N

CAPRISUN MUHAMMAD

R C G A A X Q R J P E K B I O K G L K R

N G K X M F E E Z K C V L U E C X A D X

J R Z A M Y Y W F A B L N O E N K O E I

U W X R A N F A J D E S T P R L U E G R

D W B G D P N T X R K C H Q X O H X Z G

B K Z W N O P H P Y H U A W M R F Q Q N

JACKSON NEON SHAPES

I Y I D N W X S M H G S M P L E T R R S

M A D O N N A A G Y W B T F R K G Z K F

T T R L L J A J G F C R V I E I J L N X

F E P T M V F X L B B V I V D S S P N Z

F W C E U B F Y O L O X Z P V E P U R G

Y S E G I A Y I Q K F W Q O M P Y K N C

S L Z H K V H S W D P J X Z Z A W M K F

MADONNA NIKE THRILLER

Z N H Z S N S J R M K Z U D F H M D U N

J A L O X S H H W P E Z A Y O S B A C M

O F Z F Z G I H X Q R F S V R H R S C Z

Y L B M C Z Y Y O N L X N O S U S V V Y

MTV REAGAN

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Citations

Works Cited

“1980s Fashion: Styles, Trends & History.” RetroWaste, www.retrowaste.com/1980s/fashion-in-the-1980s/. “1980s Sports: History, Facts, MVPs & Champions.” RetroWaste, www.retrowaste.com/1980s/sports-in-the-1980s/. “1982 FIFA World Cup.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 12 May 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982_FIFA_World_Cup. “1986 FIFA World Cup.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 14 May 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986_FIFA_World_Cup. BoxingHOF. “Muhammad Ali's Last Fight December 11, 1981 – Loses to Berbick.” YouTube, YouTube, 11 Dec. 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ja9iovR9B3E. “Contras.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 9 May 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contras#Low-intensity_conflict. “Food Nostalgia: 40 Popular 80's Recipes.” Frugal SOS, frugalsos.com/vintage-recipes/food-nostalgia-40-popular-80s-recipes/. Grandin, Greg. “Iran/Contra Was the Prototype for Post-Vietnam Imperial Adventure.” The Nation, 26 Oct. 2016, www.thenation.com/article/iran-contra-was-the-prototype-for-post-vietnam-imperial-adventure/. History.com Staff. “The 1980s.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2011, www.history.com/topics/1980s. “How Much of an Negative Effect Did the Iran-Contra Scandal Have on the Presidency of Ronald Reagan?” RallyPoint, www.rallypoint.com/answers/how-much-of-an-negative-effect-did-the-iran-contra-scandal-have-on-the-pre sidency-of-ronald-reagan. “Hubba Bubba Gum from If You Grew Up in the '80s, You'll Definitely Remember These Foods and Drinks Slideshow.” The Daily Meal, The Daily Meal, www.thedailymeal.com/eat/if-you-grew-80s-you-ll-definitely-remember-these-foods-and-drinks-slideshow/ slide-7. Keil, Charles, and David Ritz. “Divided Soul: The Life of Marvin Gaye.” Ethnomusicology, vol. 31, no. 2, 1987, p. 367., doi:10.2307/851909. Kelly, Martin. “Why the Republican Presidents Would Win a Tug-of-War.” ThoughtCo, ThoughtCo,

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Citations Martin Samuel - Sport for the Daily Mail. “If Ronaldo Wins This for Portugal, It Will Be the Best We've Seen.” Daily Mail Online, Associated Newspapers, 24 June 2012, www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/euro2012/article-2164098/Euro-2012-If-Cristiano-Ronaldo-wins-best-seen.html . “Marvin Gaye.” Biography.com, A&E Networks Television, 28 Apr. 2017, www.biography.com/people/marvin-gaye-9307988. “Marvin Gaye Is Shot and Killed by His Own Father.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, www.history.com/this-day-in-history/marvin-gaye-is-shot-and-killed-by-his-own-father. McNerthney, Casey. “Why the Green River Killer Is No Longer Called an 'Offender'.” KIRO, 14 Nov. 2017, www.kiro7.com/news/why-gary-ridgway-will-no-longer-be-called-a-prison-inmate/463811155. National Archives. “The World Cup: Considering a Boycott in 1982.” The National Archives Blog, The National Archives, 11 Mar. 2015, blog.nationalarchives.gov.uk/blog/world-cup-considering-boycott-1982/. “Nicaragua.” KfW Entwicklungsbank, www.kfw-entwicklungsbank.de/International-financing/KfW-Development-Bank/Local-presence/Latin-Am erica-and-the-Caribbean/Nicaragua/ others, Roland Matthews and. “Iran-Contra Affair.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 15 Dec. 2017, www.britannica.com/event/Iran-Contra-Affair. Powley, Adam. “Phenomenal Goals, Silky Skills and Tight Blue Shorts - Why Brazil 1982 Was the Best World Cup Team Ever.” Mirror, Mirror.co.uk, 11 June 2014, www.mirror.co.uk/sport/football/world-cup-2014/phenomenal-goals-silky-skills-tight-3665257. Pulkkinen, Levi. “Green River Killer Gary Ridgway's Victims in Photos.” Seattlepi.com, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, www.seattlepi.com/seattlenews/slideshow/Green-River-Killer-Gary-Ridgway-s-victims-in-73262.php. “Ronald Reagan Campaign Poster.” Apollo | HobbyDB, 28

www.hobbydb.com/catalog_items/ronald-reagan-campaign-poster.


Citations “Ronald Reagan.” SparkNotes, SparkNotes, www.sparknotes.com/biography/reagan/section8/. “Ronald Reagan.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 14 May 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Reagan. “Top 50 Most Important Events in Criminal Justice History.” Criminal Justice Degree Hub, www.criminaljusticedegreehub.com/important-events-criminal-justice-history/. “Vintage Sports Advertisements of the 1980s (Page 6).” Vintage Ad Browser, www.vintageadbrowser.com/sports-ads-1980s/6.

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