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f'k{kk lw= vad & 1] izfr;k¡ 2000

jktLFkku & 14oha fo/kkulHkk ,d n`f"V esa eq[;ea=h & olqa/kjk jkts ¼nwljk dk;Zdky½ o 13osa eq[;ea=h fo/kkulHkk {kS= & >kyjkikVu ¼>kykokM+½ foHkkx & x`g Lo;kŸk'kklu] foŸk] ifjogu] Je] ou vkSj m|ksx lfgr 46 foHkkx dsfcusV ea=h 1. xqykcpan dVkfj;k fo/kku lHkk {kS= & mn;iqj 'kgjh foHkkx & xzkeh.k fodkl] iapk;rh jkt o vkink izca/kuA iwoZ dk;Zdky esa x`gea=h jg pqds gSA 2. jktsUnz flag jkBkSM+ fo/kkulHkk {kS= & pq: foHkkx & fpfdRlk] vk;qosZn o lalanh; ekeykrA iwoZ dk;Zdky esa lalnh; foHkkx ds lkFk lkoZtfud fuekZ.k foHkkx FkkA 3. dkyhpj.k ljkQ fo/kku lHkk {kS= & ekyoh; uxj ¼t;iqj½ foHkkx & f'k{kk ¼Ldwy] rduhdh] dkWyst o laLd`r½ iwoZ dk;Zdky esa buds ikl ;gh foHkkx FkkA 4. uanyky eh.kk fo/kku lHkk {kS= & izrkix<+ foHkkx & tutkfr dY;k.k ea=h iwoZ dk;Zdky esa Hkh buds ikl ;gh foHkkx FkkA 5. izHkqyky lSuh fo/kkulHkk {kS= & vark ¼ckjka½ foHkkx & d`f"k o i'kqikyu iwoZ esa buds ikl Hkh ;gh foHkkx FkkA 6. dSyk'k es?koky fo/kkulHkk {kS= & “kkgiqjk ¼HkhyokM+k½ foHkkx & [kku foHkkx ¼21 tuojh rd½ 7. xtsUnz flag [kholj fo/kkulHkk {kS= & yksgkoV ¼tks/kiqj½ foHkkx & ÅtkZ foHkkx iwoZ esa buds ikl Hkh ;gh foHkkx FkkA 8. lkaojyky tkV fo/kkulHkk {kS= & ulhjkckn ¼vtesj½ foHkkx & ty lalk/ku o tynk; foHkkx iwoZ dk;Zdky esa buds ikl Hkh ;gh foHkkx FkkA 9. ;wuql [kku fo/kkulHkk {kS= & MhMokuk ¼ukxkSj½ foHkkx & lkoZtfud fuekZ.k foHkkx jkT;ea=h Lora= izHkkj 1. v:.k prqosZnh fo/kkulHkk {kS= & flfoy ykbUl ¼t;iqj½ foHkkx & lkekftd U;k; o vf/kdkfjrk foHkkx 2. gseflag HkM+kuk fo/kkulHkk {kS= & Fkkukxkth ¼vyoj½ foHkkx & [kk| o ukxfjd foHkkx 3. vt; flag fdyd fo/kkulHkk {kS= & Msxkuk ¼ukxkSj½ foHkkx & lgdkfjrk foHkkx

20 February 201 4

A F re e E d u ca ti on a l M a g a zi n e

iz'kalk vkSj lQyrk mUuhloha lnh ds iwokZ/kZ esa yanu dk ,d fd'kksj ys[kd cukuk pkgrk FkkA ysfdu gj pht mlds f[kykQ FkhA mls pkj lky ls T;knk Ldwy tkus dk ekSdk ugha feyk FkkA mlds firk dtZ u pqdk ikus dh otg ls tsy esa can Fks vkSj og fd'kksj vDlj Hkw[k dh ejksM+s eglwl djrk FkkA vkf[kjdkj mls pwgksa ls Hkjs ,d os;jgkml esa cksryksa ij yscy fpidkus dk dke feykA og jkr dks nks vU; yM+dksa & tks yanu dh >qfXx;ksa ls vk, Fks& ds lkFk ,d xanh vVkjh esa lksrk FkkA mls fy[kus dh viuh ;ksX;rk bl bruk de Hkjkslk Fkk fd mlls viuh igyh ikaMqfyfi Mkd ds fMCcs esa vk/kh jkr dks Mkyh] rkfd dksbZ ;g ns[kdj mldh g¡lh u mM+k ldsA ,d ds ckn ,d mldh dgkfu;ka vLohd`r gks xbZA vkf[kjdkj og egku fnu vk;k tc ,d dgkuh Lohd`r gks x;hA ;g lp gS fd mls blds cnys esa dksbZ Hkqxrku ugha feyk] ysfdu ,d laiknd us mldh iz'kalk dhA ,d laiknd us mls ekU;rk nhA bl ckr ls og bruk jksekasfpr gqvk fd og cgqr nsj rd lM+dksa ij fcuk fdlh mn~ns'; ds ;wa gh HkVdrk jgk vkSj mlds xkyksa ij vkalw cgrs jgsA mls viuh ,d dgkuh Nius ls tks rkjhQ] tks lEeku feyk] mlus mldh iwjh ftanxh cny nhA vxj ;g izksRlkgu u feyk gksrk] rks gks ldrk gS fd mldh iwjh ftanxh pwgksa ls Hkjh QSfDVª;ksa esa gh chr tkrhA vkius ml yM+ds ds ckjs esa t:j lquk gksxkA mldk uke pkYlZ fMdsal gSA ;s dgkuh gj ,d yM+ds ;k yM+dh dh gks ldrh gS] gj O;fDr dk dksbZ uk dksbZ liuk gS] vkSj mlesa ml lius dks iwjk djus dh ;ksX;rk Hkh gksrh gS] ijUrq oks ;ksX;rk lEeku] iz'kalk vkSj iqjLdkj ds vHkko esa [kRe lh gks tkrh gSA tc fdlh O;fDr dh iz'kalk dh tkrh gS rks mls vkxs c<+us dh izsj.kk feyrh gSA dksbZ Hkh O;fDr ;g ugha pkgsxk fd oks yksx xyr lkfcr gks ftUgsa ml ij Hkjkslk gS vkSj mldh iz'kalk djrs gSaA vius iz'kaldksa dks lgh lkfcr djus ds fy, og vkSj vf/kd esgur djrk gS] vUrr% ,d fnu oks t:j lQy gks tkrk gSA vxj vki vius fdlh lkFkh ds vUnj dksbZ ;ksX;rk ns[krs gSa rks [kqy dj mldh iz'kalk djks] vkSj mls vius lius iwjs djus esa enn djksA gks ldrk gS] vki esa dksbZ ;ksX;rk gks vkSj vki esa lQy gksus dk tTck Hkh gksA ijUrq dksbZ Hkh vkidh iz'kalk ugha djrk gS] rks eSa dgqaxk fd vki niZ.k ds lkeus [kM+s gks tkvks vkSj [kqn dh iz'kalk [kqn gh dj yksA vxj vki dks viuh ;ksX;rk ij [kqn dks gh fo'okl ugha gS] rks nwljs Hkyk D;ksa rqe ij fo'okl djus yxsA esjs lkFk nksgjkvks & ^^eSa ,d fnu viuh efUty izkIr dj yqxk---D;ksafd eSa blds ;ksX; gw¡] D;ksafd eSa nwljksa ls csgrj gw¡] D;ksafd eSa esgur djrk gw¡] D;ksafd eSa [kqn ij Hkjkslk djrk gw¡A** Anand Sharma

+91 7665050402

lq>ko vkeaf=r ;g if=dk Nk=ks ds ykHk ds fy, izkjEHk dh xbZ gSaA gekjh Vhe us bl if=dk dks Nk=kas ds fy, loksZre cukus dh gj laHko dksf'k'k dh gSa fQj Hkh lHkor; dqN egÙo iw.kZ fo"k; NqV ldrs gSa vxj vki dks dksbZ ,slk fo"k; yxs ftls bl if=dk esa 'kkfey fd;k tkuk pkfg;s rks geas crkb;sA vki vius fopkj gesa facebook ij Hkst ldrs gks

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Student Help Line if=dk ds ys[ku o izdk'ku esa iw.kZ lko/kkuh cjrh xbZ fQj Hkh dqN =qfV;k¡ jg ldrh gSA fdlh Hkh Hkkx ds rRFk fookfnr gksus ij vki ge ls lEiZd dj ldrs gSA

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vki bu uEcj ij sms Hkh djds viuh leL;k iqN ldrs gks

1


Þf”k{kk lcls vPNh fe= gSaA ,d f”kf{kr O;fDr gj txg lEeku ikrk gSA f”k{kk lkSan;Z vkSj ;kSou dks ijkLr dj nsrh &gSApkÞ.kD;

& pk.kD;

Lkelkef;d Kku ¼tuojh½ 1 tuojh Û fnYyh esa dstjhoky us fctyh dks 50 izfr”kr lLrk fd;k A 0&200 vkSj 201&400 ;wfuV rd vk/ks nke gh pqdkus gksaxsA 28 yk[k yksxks dks Qk;nk gksxkA ;g QSlyk tuojh ls ekpZ rd ykxw gksxkA Û dstjhoky us Hkkjr ds fu;a=d ,oa egkys[kk ijh{kd ¼dSx½ ls eqykdkr dj fnYyh dks fctyh nsus okyh rhu cM+h daifu;ksa ch,lbZ,l jkt/kkuh ikoj fy- ¼chvkjih,y½ ] ch,lbZ,l ;equk ikoj fy-¼chokbZih,y½ vkSj ukWFkZ MsYgh ikoj fy- ¼,uMhih,y½ dk vkWfMV djkus dk vkxzg fd;kA Û jktLFkku ds eq[;ea=h olqU/kjk jkts us u;s o’kZ ls Lo;a ds lqj{kk dfeZ;ks dh la[;k vk/kh djus ds funsZ”k fn;s gSA Û jktLFkku jkT; dh 14 oha fo/kkulHkk dk izFke l= 21 tuojh dks gksxkA eq[;ea=h jkts us iz|qEu flag dks izksVse Lihdj cukus ds izLrko dks gjh >aMh nhA Û jktLFkku gkbdksVZ ds ofj’B vf/koDrk Þujirey yks<kÞ jkT; ds u, egkf/koDrk gksaxsA os gkbdksVZ dh eq[;ihB tks/kiqj o t;iqj ihB esa jkT; ljdkj dh vksj ls iSjoh djsaxsA Û ,;j ek”kZy Þv#i jkgkÞ us ok;qlsuk izeq[k dk in Hkkj laHkkykA mUgksaus ,ds czkmu dh txg yhA Û vkfVZyjh jsthesUV ds ysf¶VusaV tujy v#.k dqekj lkguh nf{k.k&if”pe dekaM ds u, tujy vQlj dekafMax bu phQ gksaxsA Û jktLFkku gkbdksVZ ls rcknyk gksdj x;s U;k;k/kh”k ujsUnz dqekj tSu dks flfDde gkbdksVZ dk eq[; U;k;k/kh”k cuk;k x;k gSA Û ;wih ljdkj us jkgr f”kfojksa esa jg jgs naxk ihfM++rks dks [kkyh djkus dk vkns”k fn;kA Û ns”k esa vkWxsZfud [ksrh ds tud ekus tkus okys iz[;kr oSKkfud ÞMkW- th- uke>okjÞ dk fu/ku gks x;kA Û iwoZ dsUnzh; x`g lfpo oh ds nqXxy us ef.kiqj ds 14 osa jkT;iky ds #i esa “kiFk yhA 2 tuojh Û laln ls eatwjh feyus ds ckn cgqizrhf{kr yksdiky fcy ij jk’Vªifr us gLrk{kj fd;s o dkuwu ea=ky; ds ljdkjh xtV esa izdk”ku ds ckn dkuwu cu tk,xkA ykssdiky dkuwu ds rgr dsUnz esa yksdiky dh fu;qfDr dh tk,xh o dqN izko/kkuksa dks NksM+dj iz/kkuea=h Hkh blds nk;js esa vk,xsaA ,d lky ds Hkhrj jkT;ksa dks Hkh yksdk;qDrks dh fu;qfDr djuh gksxhA Û xzkeh.k fodkl ea=ky; us vkns”k fn;k gS fd vxj dksbZ ifjokj iw.kZr;k iyk;u dj LFkk;h rkSj ij “kgj tkdj cl tkrk gS rks eujsxk esa dke djus okyks esa ls] dk tkWc dkMZ fujLr fd;k tk,xkA Û tks/kiqj gkbZdksVZ ds fu.kZ; ds ckn futh Ldwyks dks vkjVhvkbZ ds rgr vius Lrj ij nh tkus okyh fu%”kqYd fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh izos”k Lka[;k] ds fu;e o ykWVjh la[;k dh tkudkjh iznku djuh gksxhA o jktLFkku fo|ky; vf/kdkj 2013 dh /kkjk 5¼1½ o ¼2½ ds vUrxZr Qhl vo/kkfjr fu;eksa esa Qhl esa dh tkudkjh Hkh pLik djuh gksxhA Û ohohvkbZih gsfydkWIVj [kjhn ds fy;s bVyh dh daiuh vxLrk osLVySaM ls fd;s x;s 3600 djksM+ ds lkSns dks Hk’Vªkpkj ds vkjksiks ds e)sutj jnn~ dj fn;kA vxLrk osLVySaM dh ewy daiuh fQuesdkfudk ls 12 ,MCkY;q&101 ohohvkbZih gsfydkWIVj dh [kjhn ij 362 djksM+ #i;s dh fj”or fn;s tkus dk vkjksi yxk gSA Û eqacbZ ds N=ifr f”kokth varjZk’Vªh; gokbZ vM~Ms ij Hkkjr ds lcls Å¡ps ,;j VªsfQd daVªksy ¼,Vhlh½ VkWoj ¼83-8 eh½ dk lapkyu “kq# gks x;k gSA Û U;wthySaM ds ;qok cYysckt dksjh ,aMjlu us osLVbaMht ds f[kykQ 36 xsanks esa “krd yxkdj “kkfgn vkQjhnh ds 18 lky iwoZ fLFkkfir dhrhZeku ¼37 xsanks esa “krd½ dks rksM+kA ouMs esa lcls rst ik¡p “krd f[kykM+h

f[kykQ

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dksjh ,aMjlu “kfgn vkQjhnh ekdZ ckmpj czk;u ykjk dksjh ,aMjlu

osLVbaMht Jhyadk ftEckos ckaXykns”k osLVbaMht

100 102 147 117 102

36 37 44 45 45

4 6 8 13 10

12 11 10 4 9

LFkku DohalVkmu uSjksch ikspsQLVªe <kdk dkuiqj

o’kZ 2014 1996 2006 1999 2005

3 tuojh Û fnYyh ds ew[;ea=h vjfoan dstjhoky us fo/kkulHkk esa fo”okl er gkfly fd;kA mlds i{k esa 37 oksV ¼vki 28] dkaxzsl 07] tn;q 01] funZyh; 01½ foi{k esa 32 ¼Hkktik 31] vdkyh ny 01½Û dukZVd ds iwoZ ew[;ea=h ch-,l ;sfM~M;wjIik 13 eghus ckn Hkktik esa ykSVs o viuh ikVhZ dukZVd turk i{k ¼dstsih½ ds foy; dk ,syku fd;kA Û nf{k.k lwMku ds jk’Vªifr lYok dhj e;kjnhr us ;wfuVh vkSj tksxysbZ jkT;ksa esa vkikrdky dh ?kks’k.kk dhA Û lksekfy;k dh jkt/kkuh eksxkfn”kq esa dkj ce foLQksV esa 11 yksxks dh ekSr gks xbZ gSA Øe'k% ist&3 ij

20 February 201 4

lkekU; foKku HkkSfrd ,oa jklk;fud ifjorZu fdlh inkFkZ esa gksus okys ifjorZu nks izdkj ds gksrs gSa & 1- HkkSfrd ifjorZu 2- jklk;fud ifjorZu HkkSfrd ifjorZu inkFkksZa esa gksus okyk og ifjorZu ftlesa mudh HkkSfrd voLFkk ¼jax] :i] vkdkj o xa/k½ esa ifjorZu gksrk gS fdUrq inkFkksZa ds jklk;fud la?kVu ,oa jklk;fud xq.kksa esa dksbZ ifjorZu ugha gksrk gS] HkkSfrd ifjorZu dgykrk gSA mnkgj.k & lksus dk fi?kyuk] dkap dk VwVuk] 'kDdj dk ikuh esa ?kqyuk] yksgs dk pqEcd esa cnyuk] la?kuu] vklou] m/oZikru vkfnA HkkSfrd ifjorZu ds xq.k/keZ Û inkFkZ ds HkkSfrd xq.kksa rFkk vk;ru] voLFkk] rki] ?kuRo] jax vkfn esa ifjorZu gksrk gSaA Û ;g ifjorZu mRØe.kh; gksrk gSA Û ;g ifjorZu vLFkk;h gksrk gSA Û inkFkZ dh vLFkk;h lajpuk o xq.kksa esa dksbZ ifjorZu ugha gksrk gSA jklk;fud ifjorZu bl ifjorZu esa u;k inkFkZ izkIr gksrk gS tks jklk;fud la?kVu rFkk jklk;fud xq.kksas esa ewy inkFkksZa ls iw.kZr% fHkUu gksrk gS] jklk;fud ifjorZu dgykrk gSA mnkgj.k & dks;ys dk tyuk] yksgs ij tax yxuk] nw/k ls ngh cuuk] vo{ksi.k] ngu] fd.ou vkfnA jklk;fud ifjorZu ds xq.k/keZ Û jklk;fud ifjorZu ls tks u, inkFkZ curs gS] os ewy inkFkZ ls jklk;fud xq.kksa rFkk la?kVu esa fHkUu gksrs gSA Û ;g ifjorZu vuqRØe.kh; gksrk gSA Û ;g ifjorZu LFkk;h gksrk gSA Û bl ifjorZu esa inkFkksZa ds HkkSfrd o jklk;fud xq.k cny tkrs gSA jklk;fud vfHkfØ;k fdlh inkFkZ esa gksus okys jklk;fud ifjorZu dks] jklk;fud vfHkfØ;k dgrs gSaA tc ,d inkFkZ nwljs inkFkZ esa Cknyrk gS rks mlds jklk;fud la?kVu ,oa jklk;fud xq.k ewy inkFkZ ls vyx gksrs gSa ysfdu inkFkZ dk nzO;eku leku gh jgrk gSA mnkgj.k%& dSfYl;e dkcksZusV dks xeZ djus ls cus dSfYl;e vkWDlkbM rFkk dkcZu MkbZ vkWDlkbM ds xq.k dSfYl;e dkcksZusV ls ges”kk vyx gksrs gSa ysfdu 100 xzke dSfYl;e dkcksZusV dk nzO;eku 100 xzke gh jgrk gSA

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Þges”kk ;kn jf[k;s fd lQyrk ds fy, fd;k x;k vkidk viuk ladYi fdlh Hkh vkSj ladYi ls T;knk egÙo j[krk gS a A Þ &vczkge fyadu &vczkge fyadu

Lkelkef;d Kku ¼tuojh½ Û jktLFkku fdzdsV ,lksfl,”ku ds pquko ekeys esa chlhlhvkbZ us yfyr eksnh ds f[kykQ mPpre U;k;ky; dh “kj.k yhA Û ekynho us Hkkjr ds lkFk vkfFkZd ,oa O;kikfjd lg;ksx c<kus gsrw ekysa varjkZ’Vªh; gokbZ vM~Ms ds foLrkj o iqufuekZ.k ds laca/k esa Hkkjrh; fuos”kd th,evkj ds lkFk py jgs fookn dks lqy>kus dk oknk fd;kA 4 tuojh Û jktLFkku ljdkj us dsfcusV dh nwljh cSBd esa vkikrdky ds nkSjku ehlk ¼efUVusal QkWj bUVjuy flD;ksfjVh ,DV½ ds rgr tsyks esa can jgus okys cafn;ks dks ekfld isa”ku nsus dk QSlyk fd;k gSA ehlk ,DV o’kZ 1975 esa iz/kkuea=h bafnjk xak/kh us fd;k FkkA Û Hkkjr ds eq[; pquko vk;qDr oh,l lEir t;iqj esa vk;ksftr gksus okyh i- >kcjey O;k[;ku&ekyk ds eq[; oDrk gksaxsA Û Ekkynho ds jk’Vªifr vCnqyk ;kehu nks fnolh; izokl ds nkSjku mn;iqj esaA Û vtesj fo|qr forj.k fuxe ds u;s izcU/k funs”kd ch- jk.kkorA Û ykW bVuZ ds ;kSu izrkM+uk ds vkjksi ls f?kjs lqizhe dksVZ ds lsokfuo`r U;k;k/kh”k ,ds xkxqayh us i-caxky ds jk’Vªh; dkuwu fo”ofo|ky; ds ekun izksQslj in ls bLrhQk ns fn;k gSA Û mrjh dksfj;k ds rkuk”kkg fde tksax mu us vius QwQk tksax lksax Fkkbd dks xqVckth o Hkz’Vkpkj ds vkjksi esa uXu dj f”kdkjh dqrks ds lkeus QsadkA Û dsUnzh; [ksy ea=ky; us vtqZu vokMZ 2014 ds fy;s u;s ekinaM rS;kj fd;s gSA ea=ky; us QSlyk fy;k gS fd vksyafid] ,f”k;kM rFkk jk’VªeaMy [ksyks ds rgr vkus okys [ksy LiZ)kvksa vkSj fofHkUu varjkZ’Vªh; pSfEi;uf”ki esa thrs x;s indksa dks iqjLdkj p;u esa 90 izfr”kr egRo fn;k tk,xkA 5 tuojh Û jktLFkku dh jkt/kkuh t;iqj esa 23 oka i- >kcjey Le`fr O;k[;ku ,oa l`tukRed lkfgR; o i=dkfjrk iqjLdkj lekjksg dk lekiu gqvkA eq[; oDrk & oh-,l lEir¼lhbZlh½] v/;{k & lTtu flag dksBkjh¼yksdk;qDr]jktLFkku½ Û jktLFkku ds jktlaen ftys ds jsyexjk rglhy ds fxyw.M dLcs ds fudV tokfl;k¡ xk¡o esa e/;ik’kk.k ;qxhu DokVZtkbV ds lw{e vkStkj feys gSA ftUgsa ekbdØksfyFk dgk x;kA Û feL= ds vinLFk jk’Vªifr eksgEen eqlhZ dh in dh cgkyh dh ekax dks ysdj iwjs feL= esa py jgs jk’VªO;kih izn”kZuksa ds nkSjku 13 dh ekSr o 52 ?kk;y gks x;sA Û xqtjkrh dfo phuw eksnh dks muds dkO; laxzg Þ[kkjk&tkjkÞ ds fy, pquk x;kA vU; fotsrkvks esa xhrdkj tkosn v[rj ]ckaXyk dfo lqcks/k ljdkj vkSj cksMks Hkk’kk ds dfo vfuy cksjkss “kkfey gSA Û Hkkjr dh vaMj & 19 Vhe us Qkbuy esa ikd dks 40 juksa ls gjkdj ,f”k;k di f[krkc thrkA 6 tuojh Û bljks us Lons”kh Øk;ksftd batu ls ySl th,l,yoh Mh&5 dk lQy ijh{k.k JhgfjdksVk ds lrh”k /kou varfj{k dsUnz ls fd;k x;kA 1982 fdyks dk vR;k/kqfud lapkj mixzg th&lSV &14 flQZ 17 feuV esa viuh d{kk esa igq¡pk x;kA Û Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk usV ij tklwlh ds fy, tklwl flLVe *us=* tYn gh “kq: dk fopkjA djhc 2-3 vjc MkWyj dk leqnzh j{kd foeku okgd iksr vkbZ,u,l foØekfnR; Hkkjrh; ukS lsuk ds if”peh rV ij igq¡pkA ;g iksr :l ls [kjhnk x;k o bl iksr ij 30 ,evkbZth 29 ds foeku o Ng dkekso gsfydkWIVj [kM+s gks ldrs gS o bldh yEckbZ 284 ehVj o ÅpkbZ 60 ehVj o out yxHkx 40 gtkj Vu ls T;knk gSA Û vkLVªsfy;k us rhljh ckj bXySaM dks ,”kst lhjht esa 5&0 ls gjk;kA Û fLotjySaM ds LVsfuLykl okofjadk us Ýakl ds ,MoMZ jkstj oslsfyu dks 7&5]6&2 ls gjkdj psUubZ vksiu Vsful VwukZesaV thrkA Û vkLVªsfy;k ds ysfVu gsfoV us fLol f[kykM+h jkstj QsMjj dks gjkdj fcLczsu baVjus”kuy Vsful VwukZesaV f[krkc thrkA ykW bVuZ ds ;kSu mRihM+u ds vkjksih dksVZ ds iwoZ tfLVl ,-ds xkaxqyh us i- caxky ekuokf/kdkj vk;ksx ds v/;{k in ls bLrhQk fn;kA Û fnYyh gkbdksVZ us QSlyk fn;k gS fd fu;a=d ,oa egkys[kk ijh{kd ¼dSx½ dkuwu ds rgr futh nwjlapkj daifu;ksa ds cgh&[kkrks dk ys[kk ijh{k.k dj ldsxkA Û Hkkjr ds egs”k euxkaodj us LdokW”k fo”o Vwj f[krkc ds Qkbuy esa LdkWVySa.M ds xzsx ykscku dks ijkftr fd;kA Hkkjr ds izlUuk jko xqM+xk¡o bUVjus”kuy xzSaMekLVj “karjt VwukZesaV esa fQyhihal ds vksyhoj ckjckslk dks gjk f[krkc vius uke fd;kA Û jksgrd esa vk;ksftr jk’Vªh; lc twfu;j rhjankth pSfEi;uf”ki esa jktLFkku dh izkph flag us Lo.kZ ind thrkA Øe'k% ist&4 ij

20 February 201 4

Hkkjr esa yksd lsok,¡ 1 -vf[ky Hkkjrh; lsok,¡ bl Lrj dh rhu lsok,¡ gS tks fuEu izdkj gSa& Û Hkkjrh; iz”kklfud lsok ¼vkbZ-,-,l-½ Û Hkkjrh; iqfyl lsok¼vkbZ-ih-,l-½ Û Hkkjrh; ou lsok¼vkbZ-,Q-,l½ lafo/kku ds vuqPNsn 312 ds vUrxZr vf[ky Hkkjrh; Lrj dh ubZ lsokvksa dk xBu fd;k tkrk gSaAdsUnz ljdkj jkT; ljdkj dh lykg ls bl lsok dh HkrhZ o lsok&”krksZa dks fofu;fer djus ds fu;e cukrh gSaAbu lsokvksa ds lnL;ksa dh HkrhZ vkSj izf”k{k.k dk dk;Z dsUnz ljdkj }kjk fd;k tkrk gSa tcfd buds osru HkRRkksa rFkk isa”kuksa dk Hkqxrku jkT; ljdkj }kjk fd;k tkrk gSaA vf[ky Hkkjrh; Lksokvksa dks rhu Jsf.k;ksa esa ckaVk gS& Û lqij Vkbe Ldsy Û lhuh;j Ldsy Û twfu;j Ldsy bu lsokvksa dk izca/ku vkSj fu;a=.k dk dk;Z dsUnz ljdkj ds rhu vyx&vyx ea=ky;ksa }kjk fd;k tkrk gS%& Û vkbZ-,-,l-&dkfeZd ea=ky; }kjkA Û vkbZ-ih-,l-&x`g ea=ky; }kjk A Û vkbZ-,Q-,l-&Ik;kZoj.k rFkk ou ea=ky; }kjk A 2- dsUnzh; lsok,¡ dsUnzh; lsokvksa ds lnL;@dkfeZd dsUnz ljdkj ds vyx&vyx foHkkxksa esa dk;Zijd vkSj rduhdh inksa ij fu;qDr gksrs gSaSAdsUnzh; lsokvksa ls lEcfU/kr lk/kkj.k uhfr;ksa dk fu/kkZj.k dkfeZd ea=ky; }kjk fd;k tkrk gSaAbl lsok esa dsUnzh; yksd lsok rFkk lkekU; dsUnzh; lsok “kkfey gSaA dsUnzh; lsok,¡ pkj Jssf.k;ksa esa oxhZd`r fd;k x;k gSa& Û dsUnzh; lsok&xqzi ,A Û dsUnzh; lsok&xqzi chA Û dsUnzh; lsok&xqzi lhA Û dsUnzh; lsok&xqzi MhA dsUnzh; lsok]xqzi , dh Js.kh esa 34 lsok,¡ rFkk dsUnzh; lsok]xqzi ch dh Js.kh esa 25 lsok,¡ gSaA dsUnzh; lsok xzqi lh Js.kh ds vUrxZr fyfidh; dkfeZd vkSj xqzi Mh ds vUrxZr Jfed oxZ ds dkfeZd vkrs gSaA xzqi , o xzqi ch Js.kh ds vUrxZr jktif=r vf/kdkjh rFkk xqzi lh o xqzi Mh Js.kh ds vUrxZr vjktif=r Js.kh ds dkfeZd vkrs gSaA Hkkjr esa vf[ky Hkkjrh; lsokvksa rFkk mPp dsUnzh; lsokvksa dh HkrhZ fuEu lfefr;ksa dh flQkfj”kksa ij vk/kkfjr gSa& Û eSdkys lfefr Øe'k% ist&4

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Lkelkef;d Kku ¼tuojh½ Û jktLFkku Vhe us i- caxky esa vk;ksftr lhfu;j jk’Vªh; ØkWl dUVªh nkSM+ esa dkaL; thrkA 7 tuojh Û lrg ls lrg ij ekj djus okyh ijek.kq {kerk laiUu i`Foh&2 dk lQYk ijh{k.k vksMh'kk ds pkanhiqj baVhxzsVsM VsLV jsUt ls fd;k x;kA 350 fdeh- ekjd {kerk okyh Lons'kh rduhd ls fufeZr cSysfLVd felkby 500&1000 fdxzk otu mBkus esa l{ke gSA Û ubZ fnYyh esa 12oka izoklh Hkkjrh; lEesyu 'kq:A Û fj;ky esfMªM ls [ksyus okys o iqrZxky ds QqVckWy f[kykM+h jksukYMks us 400 xksy iwjs fd;sA Û dsUnz ljdkj us tSu leqnk; dks vYila[;d dk ntkZ nsus dk izLrko rS;kj fd;k gSA 8 tuojh Û olqa/kjk jkts dh v/;{krk esa 'kq: gqbZ nks fnolh; dyDVj ,lih dkWUQzsl esa dbZ egRoiw.kZ fu.kZ; fy;s x;sA jktLFkku esa tYnh gh xqM xousZl ,DV cusxk o blds fy, VkLd QkslZ dk xBu fd;k tk,xkA Û ckanzk nsgjknwu ,Dlizsl dh rhu cksfx;ksa esa vkx yxus ls ukS ;k=h ftank ty x;sA gknlk xqtjkr&egkjk"Vª lhek ij eqEcbZ ls 145 fdeh nwj ngkuq LVs'ku ds oM+drh xkao ds ikl gqvkA Û xkft;kckn esa vki n¶rj ij geys ds ckn fnYyh ds eq[;ea=h vjfoan dstjhoky us dgk fd eq>s ekjus ls d'ehj leL;k dk lek/kku gksrk gS rks eSa lg"kZ izk.k nsus dks rS;kj gw¡A Û iatkc gfj;k.kk gkbdksVZ us gfj;k.kk esa vkseizdk'k pkSVkyk ds dk;Zdky esa HkrhZ gq, 3206 tschVh v/;kidksa dh HkrhZ jÌ dj nhA ;g ?kksVkyk lu~ 2000 esa gqvk FkkA vkseizdk'k pkSVkyk o vU; dks 17 lky dh ltk lqukbZ tk pqdh gSA Û jktLFkku dh eq[;ea=h olqa/kjk jkts dh igy ij vketu fy, jkT; ljdkj us ^lEidZ lek/kku* uked ubZ izfØ;k 'kq: djus dk fu.kZ; fd;k gSA blds fy, u;k iksVZy fodflr fd;k tk jgk gS] ftls ^jktLFkku lEidZ* uke fn;k x;k gSA bl izfØ;k esa igyh lquokbZ iapk;r] fQj mi[kaM] ftyk o vafre esa jkT; Lrj ij gksxhA Û Hkkjrh; jktukf;d nso;kuh [kkscjkxMs dh fxj¶rkjh ds fojks/k esa Hkkjr us vejhdk ls 16 tuojh rd vius nwrkokl ifjlj ls vatke nh tkus okyh lHkh okf.kfT;d xfrfof/k;k¡ can djus ds fy, dgk gSA Û ,lksfl,'ku QkWj MseksØsfVd fjQkWElZ vkSj us'kuy bysD'ku okWp }kjk tkjh fjiksVZ esa [kqyklk fd;k gS fd jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ksa dks 435-87 djksM+ :i;s dk pank feyk gSA lokZf/kd pank Hkktik dks 192-47 djksM+ o dkaxzsl dks 172-25 djksM+ :i;s feys gSA Û ubZ fnYyh eas fo'o gkWdh yhx VªkWQh dk vukoj.k fd;k x;kA 9 tuojh Û fnYyh ds eq[;ea=h dstjhoky us ,syku fd;k gS fd vki ljdkj dk ,d ea=h izfrfnu lfpoky; ds ckgj lM+d ij tulquokbZ djsxsA Û jktLFkku dh eq[;ea=h jkts laHkkx eq[;ky;ksa ij dsfcusV dh cSBds vk;ksftr djsxhA 'kq:vkr Qjojh ekg esa Hkjriqj laHkkx ls gksxhA Û jktLFkku gkbdksVZ ds eq[; U;k;k/kh'k vferkHk jkW; us mudh lqj{kk esa yxh ,LdkWVZ ykSVk nh gSA ,LdkWVZ esa ,d mifujh{kd vkSj pkj dkaLVscy gksrs gSA Û vVkWuh tujy thbZ okguorh us lqizhe dksVZ dh tfLVl vkj,e yks<+k dh v/;{krk okyh csap ds le{k dksy CykWd vkoaVu esa gqbZ xM+cM+h dks LohdkjkA Û vkjchvkbZ ds fMIVh xoZuj dslh pØorh gSA Û 13 ekg ckn dukZVd ds iwoZ eq[;ea=h ch ,l ;sfM;wjIik 9 tuojh dks Hkktik esa ykSV vk,A Û ckaXykns'k laln dh v/;{k f'kjhu 'kfeZu pkS/kjh us 10oha laln ds uofuokZfpr lkalnks dks 'kiFk fnyk;hA Û eqEcbZ ds N=ifr f'kokth varjkZ"Vªh; gokbZ vM~Ms ij fufeZr VfeZuy Vh2 dk mn~?kkVu iz/kkuea=h eueksgu flag us fd;kA Û dsUnzh; ef=eaMy us jk"Vªh; ;qok uhfr 2014 ds 'kqHkkjEHk dks eatwjh nhA bl uhfr ds vuqlkj ;g uhfr 15 ls 29 o"kZ d vk;q oxZ ds lHkh ;qokvksa dh t:jrs iwjh djsxh] tks dqy vkcknh dk 27-5 izfr'kr ¼2011 dh tux.kuk ds vuqlkj½ gSA blls iwoZ 2003 esa bl uhfr dks eatwjh feyh FkhA Û Hkkjrh; jktuf;d nso;kuh [kkscjkxM+s ds ohtk QthZokM+k ekeys dh vkjfEHkd lquokbZ dh rkjh[k dks c<+kus ds fy, vejhdh la?kh; vnkyu us budkj dj fn;kA Û jktLFkku us jk"Vªh; twfu;j okyhckWy izfr;ksfxrk ds Qkbuy esa ikafMpsjh dks gjkdj thrhA 10 tuojh Û Hkkjr vkSj vejhdk ds chp jktuf;d nso;kuh [kkscjkxM+s izdj.k ds lacaf/kr dqVuhfrd ekeys ds pyrs nso;kuh dk rcknyk fnYyh eq[;ky; dj fn;k gSA vejhdk us Li"V fd;k gS fd nso;kuh ds f[kykQ ohtk /kks[kk/kM+h o >wBs c;ku nsus dk dsl pyrk jgsxkA Hkkjr ljdkj us vejhdh jktuf;d dks Hkkjr NksM+us dks dgk gSA Û Hkkjr o vejhdk ds chp bl rjg dk nwljk dwVuhfrd ekeyk gSA 33 lky iwoZ esa vejhdk us Hkkjrh; jktuf;d izHkkdj esuu dks fudkyk FkkA blds tokc esa Hkkjr us Hkh vejhdh jktuf;d tkWtZ fxzfQu dks fu"dkflr dj fn;k FkkA Øe'k% ist&5 ij

20 February 201 4

: 9829866968 Conatct : 8058693644 Hkkjr esa yksd lsok,¡

Û lrh”k pUnzk lfefr Û dksBkjh lfefr orZeku ijh{kk i)fr dk fu/kkZj.k lrh”k pUnzk lfefr o dksBkjh lfefr dh flQkfj”kksa ij vk/kkfjre gS]tcfd bl lsok ls lEcfU/kr ewy uhfr rFkk HkrhZ lEcU/kh ekU;rk eSdkys lfefr dh flQkfj”kksa ij vk/kkfjr gSaA bu ijh{kk esa “kkfey gksus okys vH;FkhZ dh mez 21 o’kZ ls 30 o’kZ ds chp gksuh pkfg,A vkjf{kr oxZ ds fy, vk;q lhek esas 5 o’kZ dh NwV nh x;h gSaA bl ijh{kk esa ”kkfey gksus ds fy, vH;FkhZ dks ekU;rk izkIr laLFkku ls Lukrd ;k led{k ;ksX;rk izkIr gksuh pkfg,A bl ijh{kk esa Hkkx ysus ds fy, iz;klksa dh la[;k fuEu izdkj gS& lo.kZ oxZ ds fy;s&6 vU; fiNM+k oxZ ds fy;s&9 vkjf{kr oxZ ds fy;s&dksbZ lhek ugha vf[ky Hkkjrh; lsokvksa o mPp dsUnzh; lsokvks dh ijh{kk ds fuEu pj.kksa esa vk;ksftr dh tkrh gS& 1-izkjfEHkd ijh{kk 2-eq[; ijh{kk 3-lk{kkRdkj Hkkjrh; iz”kklfud lsokvksa esa vf/kdkfj;ksa dh HkrhZ fuEu rhu i)fr;ksa ls gksrh gS& 1-dsUnz ;k jkT; yksd lsok vk;ksx }kjk vk;ksftr lh/kh HkrhZ }kjk A 2-jkT; yksd lsokvksa ds vf/kdkfj;ksa dks inksUufr nsdj vizR;{k HkrhZ }kjkA 3-jkT; ljdkjksa ds v/khu jktif=r vf/kdkfj;ksa dk fo”ks’k :Ik ls p;u djdsA Hkkjrh; iz”kklfud lsokvksa esa HkrhZ ds fy, ijh{kk dk vk;kstu la?k yksd lsok vk;ksx }kjk rFkk jkT; iz”kklfud lsokvksa esa HkrhZ ds fy, ijh{kk dk vk;kstu jkT; yksd lsok vk;ksx }kjk fd;k tkrk gSaA

egRoiw.kZ Websites la?k yksd lsok vk;ksx

www.upsc.gov.in

jktLFkku yksd lsok vk;ksx

www.rpsc.gov.in deZpkjh p;u vk;ksx

www.ssc.nic.in

baLVhV~;wV vkWWQ cSafdax ilZuy lysD”ku

www.ibps.in

ifj.kke lEcfU/kr

www.results.gov.in Hkkjrh; jsy lsok] vtesj

www.rrbajmer.org

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9982745862 (Kamal Kishore) Lkelkef;d Kku ¼tuojh½ Û jktLFkku ljdkj us jktLFkku lkfgR; vdkneh] mn;iqj esa fooknksa ds pyrs ftyk dyDVj] mn;iqj dks iz'kkld fu;qDr fd;k gSA Û Hkkjr&ikd lhek ij ch,l,Q dh rjQ ls vkWijs'ku lnZ gok 14 tuojh ls 'kq: gksxkA Û VkMk vnkyr us vkradh vCnqy djhc mQZ Vq.Mk dks 13 tuojh rd fjekaM ij lkSaik Fkk o 4 ekpZ rd tsy Hkstus ds vkns'k fn;sA mu ij ckcjh efLtn fo/oal dh cjlh ij jkt/kkuh ,Dlizsl Vªsuksa esa fly flysokj ce /kekdksa dk vkjksi gSA Û [ksy ea=ky; us foKfIr tkjh dj fn'kk&funsZ'k fn;s gS fd Mksfiax ds vkjksih dksp o f[kykfM+;ksa dks nzks.kkpk;Z] vtqZu o [ksy jRu iq:Ldkjkssa ls oafpr j[kk tk,xkA Û varjkZ"Vªh; oqMckWy izfr;ksfxrk t;iqj esa vk;ksftr gksxh o blesa 11 Vhesa fgLlk ysxhA Û vkbZih,y ds 7osa laLdj.k ds fy, jktLFkku jkW;Yl us iwoZor ika¡p f[kykfM+;ksa okVlu] jgk.ks] fcUuh] lSelu o QkWYduj dks Vhe esa cjdjkj j[kk gSA Û jktLFkku ds f[kykfM+;ksa ds Mksfiax ds lk;s esa gksus ds [kqykls ds ckn [ksy foHkkx o jkT; ØhM+k ifj"kn us tkap ds vkns'k fn;s gSA 11 tuojh Û btjk;y ds iwoZ iz/kkuea=h ,fj;y 'ksjkWu dk fu/ku 2001 esa btjk;y ds iz/kkuea=h cus FksA cqYMkstj uke ls izfl) aFksA Û iz/kkuea=h dk;kZy; us dsUnzh; ou ,oa i;kZoj.k ea=ky; dks xaxk unh ds c<+rs iznw"k.k ds tkap ds vkns'k fn;s gSA vc rd xaxk unh iznw"k.k fuokj.k esa 4100 djksM+ [kpZA Û flMuh baVjus'kuy Vsful VwukZesaV ds iq:"k ;qxy ds Qkbuy esa Hkkjr ds jksgu cksiUuk o ikd ds ,slke my gd dqjS'kh dh tksM+h gkjhA Û iwoZ fØdsV dIrku dfiy nso dks chlhlhvkbZ us lhds uk;Mw ykbQVkbe vphoesaV vokMZ ls lEekfur fd;k o vkWQ fLiuj vkj vf'ou dks ikWyh mejhxj iq:Ldkj ls lEekfur fd;k x;k o jksfgr 'kekZ dks fnyhi lj nslkbZ iq:Ldkj ls uoktk x;kA Û t;iqj esa vk;ksftr varjkZ"Vªh; oqMckWy izfr;ksfxrk esa iq:"k Vhe us Lo.kZ o efgyk Vhe us jtr ind thrkA 12 tuojh Û jk"Vªh; ;qok fnolA Û xzsVj uks,Mk ds ,DliksVZ ekVZ esa pkj fnolh; varjkZ"Vªh; isVªks Vsd lEesyu dk mn~?kkVu iz/kkuea=h eueksgu flag 12-01-14 dks djsaxs o 35 ns'kksa ds isVªksfy;e ea=h Hkkx ysxsaA Û egkjk"Vª ds dksYgkiqj esa Vksy olwyh ds f[kykQ izn'kZu dj jgs izn'kZudkfj;ksa us nks Vksy cwFk tyk;sA fcVªh'k v[kckj VkbEl ds losZ esa nqfu;k dh 10 lcls yksdfiz; gfLr;ksa esa pkj Hkkjrh; 'kkfey gSA lfpu rsanqydj & 5 osa] ujsUnz eksnh & 7 osa] vferkHk cpu & 9 osa] vCnqy dyke & 10osa] vjfoUn dstjhoky 18 osa ] 1 fcy xsV~l] 2 & cjkd vksckek] 3 & Oykfnehj iqfruA Û iwohZ phu lkxj eas tkikuh fu;a=.k okys }hi lewg lsudkdw esa phu us ?kqliSB dhA Û ckaXykns'k esa 'ks[k glhuk dks jk"Vªifr vCnqy gkfen us muds rhljs iz/kkuea=h dk;Zdky ds fy, 'kiFk fnyk;hA 13 tuojh Û jktLFkku ljdkj dh 60 fnolh; dk;Z ;kstuk ds varxZr ;qok ekeykr o [ksy foHkkx }kjk rS;kj 11 lw=h dk;ZØe ij fopkj foe'kZ ds fy, ftyk [ksy vf/kdkfj;ksa dh cSBd 13 tuojh dks gksxhA Û 13 tuojh ls vkWLVªsfy;u vksiu Vsful VwukZesaV 'kq:A Û dkaxzsl ds ;qok usrk o vtesj lkaln lfpu ik;yV dks jktLFkku ds dkaxzsl dk izns'kk/;{k cuk;kA Û fnYyh fjVsy esa ,QMhvkbZ dks eatwjh u nsus okyk ns'k dk igyk jkT; cu x;kA Û 7 Qjojh 2014 dks 16 jkT;ksa esa jkT;lHkk dh 55 lhVksa ds fy, f}okf"kZdh pquko gksaxsA Û jktLFkku ls jkT;lHkk lnL; vkseizdk'k ekFkqj ¼Hkktik½ Kku izdk'k fiykfu;k ¼Hkktik½ o izHkk Bkdqj ¼dkaxzsl½ dk dk;Zdky vizsy esa [kRe gksxkA Û jktLFkku ds vkcw ¼fljksgh½ ds pUnzkorh uxjh esa e/; ;qx dkyhu bZVksa dk Q'kZ o pDdh ds ikV feysA 14 tuojh Û FkkbySaM dh jkt/kkuh cSadkd esa iz/kkuea=h f;axyd f”kouk=k ds bLrhQs dh ekax dks ysdj vkanksyu py jgk gSaA Û fnYyh ds dkuwu ea=h o vki usrk lksseukFk Hkkjrh lcwrksa ls NsMNkM o xokgksa dks izHkkfor djus ds vkjksiksa ls fooknksa esa jgsA Û Lkhek ikj ?kqliSB dks jksdus ds fy, lhek lqj{kk cy }kjk vkWijs”ku lnZ gok “kq: o ;g 28 tuojh rd pysxkA Û jktLFkku jkT; ds [kk| vkiwfrZ ,oa miHkksDrk ekeykr~ foHkkx us [kjkc jk”ku lkexzh dh f”kdk;r ntZ djkus ds fy, Vksy Qzh uacj 18001806030 dh lqfo/kk iznku dh gSaA Û Hkkjr us bVyh dh daiuh vxLrk osLVySaM dh vksj ls cSad esa tek 250 djksM dh xkjaVh jkf”k dks tCr dj fy;k gSaA vxLrk osLVySaM ls Hkkjr j{kk ea=ky; dk 3600 djksM dk lkSnk gqvk Fkk ftls fj”or ds vkjksiksa ds pyrs jn~n dj fn;k x;k gSaA Û 2005 eksukdks fo”o ,FkysfVDl dh yEch dwn Li)kZ esa jtr ind fotsrk Hkkjrh; ,FkyhV vatw ckWch tkWtZ dks Lo.kZ ind fn;k tk;sxk D;ksfda ml le; dh Lo.kZ fotsrk :l dh rkr;kuk dksrkok dks Mksfiax dk nks’kh ik;s tkus ds dkj.k varjkZ’Vªh; ,FkysfVDl la?k ¼vkbZ,,Q½ us Lo.kZ ind Nhu fy;k gSaA 15 tuojh Û Lkqizhe dksVZ ds eq[; U;k;k/kh”k ih-lnkf”koe dh v/;{krk okyh csasp lqizhse dksVZ ls lsokfuo`r U;k;k/kh”k o jk’Vªh; gfjr izkf/kdj.k ds v/;{k Lora= dqekj ds f[kykQ ;kSu mRihMu ds ekeys esa lquokbZ djsxsaA Û 66ok¡ jk’Vªh; Fky lsuk fnolA nf{k.kh deku dk lsuk fnol tks/kiqj esa vk;ksftr gqvkA Û teZuh Hkkjr esa N% u;s ohtk dsUnz [kksysxkA ;s dsUnz xksok]iq.ks]vgenkckn] dksfPp]f=osUnze~]dksydkrk esa [kqysxsaA Û bafM;u eqtkfgfnu ¼vkbZ,e½ ds lg laLFkkid ;kLkhu HkVdy o mlds lkFkh vlnqYykg v[rj f?k;k us frgkM tsy esa tku ds [krjs dks ysdj ,uvkb, dksVZ esa vkosnu nsdj lqj{kk ekaxhA Û Hkkjr dh cSMfeaVu f[kykMh lk;uk usgoky o ihoh la/kw eysf”k;u vksiu cSaMfeaVu ls ckgj gks xbZ gaSA Û jktLFkku ds izrkix< ftys ds dksVMh o eksgsMk xkaoks esa lkEiznkf;d naxks ds pyrs yxkrkj rhljs fnu d¶;wZ tkjhA

20 February 201 4

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RPSC MODEL PAPER 1- o’kZ 2013 esa jktLFkku ds fdl ftys dks jk’Vªh; jkt/kkuh {ks= esa “kkfey fd;k x;k gS \ v-½ Hkjriqj c-½ vyoj l-½ t;iqj n-½ dksVk 2- lkekftd dk;ZdÙkkZ bjksu “kfeZyk pkuw dk laca/k fdl jkT; ls gS \ v-½ es?kky; c-½ vle l-½ f=iqjk n-½ ef.kiqj 3- orZeku esa ns”k ds eq[; lwpuk vk;qDr gS \ v-½ nhid la/kw c-½ lqf’erk flag l-½ lksfe= lsu n-½ bues ls dksbZ ugha 4- jk’Vªh; cky laj{k.k vk;ksx ds v/;{k dkSu gS \ v-½ dq”ky flag c-½ lqtkrk flag l-½ fouksn jk; n-½ oh- ds flag 5- dsUnzh; fo”ofon~;ky;] vtesj ds dqykf/kifr gS v-½ lkfe= lsu c-½ lse fi=ksnk l-½ ih- lh- pkdks n-½ iz.ko eq[kthZ 6- nsosUnz >k>fM+;k dk lEcU/k gS& v-½ Hkkyk Qsad c-½ xksyk Qsad l-½ yEch dwn n-½ fMLd Qsad 7- jk’Vªh; gfjr izkf/kdj.k dk v/;{k gS& v-½ Lora= dqekj tSu c-½ Mh- ds tSu l-½ ih- ,l oekZ n-½ gjnhi iqjh 8- la;qDr jk’Vª la?k esa Hkkjr ds uofu;qDr LFkk;h izfrfuf/k gS& v-½ gjnhi iqjh c-½ uxsUnz flag l-½ mftZr iVsy n-½ v”kksd eq[kthZ 9- jktLFkku esa fdl txg ij esuykbu bysDVªhdy eYVhiy ;wfuV ¼esew½ dk f”kykU;kl 21 flrEcj 2013 dks fd;k x;k \ v-½ HkhyokM+k c-½ dksVk l-½ Hkjriqj n-½ >kykokM+ 10- fdl unh ij yk[khiqj Hkkaxk ty/kkjk dks NBk jk’Vªh; tyekxZ ?kksf’kr fd;k gS \ v-½ dkosjh unh c-½ isfj;kj unh l-½ xksnkojh unh n-½ cjkd unh 11- 16 oka xqVfujis{k lEesyu dgkW vk;ksftr gqvk Fkk \ v-½ “keZ vy vln c-½ rsgjku l-½ nqcbZ n-½ dSjkdl 12- la;qDr jk’Vª la?k us ^eykyk fnol* fdl fnu eukus dh ?kks’k.kk dh gS \ v-½ 11 uoEcj c-½ 10 uoEcj l-½ 14 uoEcj n-½ 21 uoEcj 13- tyok;q ifjorZu ij dksi & 18 dh cSBd dgkW gqbZ \ v-½ gSnjkckn c-½ okjlk l-½ dkudqu n-½ drje 14- jktLFkku ds x`gea=h gS & v-½ xykcpUn dVkfj;k c-½ jktsUnz flag jkBkSM+ l-½ dSyk”k es?koky n-½ olqU/kjk jkts 15- jktLFkku dh fdl xzke iapk;r dks eujsxk esa loZJs’B dk;Z ds fy, fnYyh ds foKku Hkou esa 2 Qjojh 2014 dks lEekfur fd;k x;k gS \ v-½ [kM+xnk c-½ [kM+nxk l-½ [kjnsoyk n-½ [kstM+yh 16- mÙkjk[k.M ds eq[;ea=h gS& v-½ fot; cgqxq.kk c-½ gjh”k jkor

20 February 201 4

l-½ gjh”k ehuk n-½ gseUr lksjsu 17- fdl txg jk’Vªh; j{kk fo”ofo|ky; dk f”kykU;kl fd;k x;k \ v-½ t;iqj c-½ fcukSyk l-½ HkM+yk n-½ cki 18- jktLFkku dh lcls de varjkZT;h; lhek fdl jkT; ls yxrh gS \ v-½ gfj;k.kk c-½ xqtjkr l-½ iatkc n-½ mÙkjizns”k 19- feyku fdft,& 1- j?kqukFkx<+ ¼d½ mn;iqj 2- rkjkx<+ ¼[k½ lhdj 3- vpyx<+ ¼x½ vtesj 4- txjk ¼?k½ fljksgh v-½ 1&[k] 2&x] 3&d] 4&?k c-½ 1&?k] 2&x] 3&d] 4&[k l-½ 1&[k] 2&x] 3&?k] 4&d n-½ 1&[k] 2&?k] 3&d] 4&x 20- eslk dk iBkj fLFkr gS& v-½ jktlaen esa c-½ HkhyokM+k esa l-½ fprkSM+x<+ esa n-½ izrkix<+ esa 21- dkSulk lgh lqesfyr ugha gS& v-½ lhdj & eky[ksr dh igkfM+;k c-½ vtesj & chB.kh dh igkfM+;k l-½ ckalokM+k & NIiu dh igkfM+;k n-½ tkykSj & lqUMk dh igkfM+;k 22- djkSyh iztke.My dh LFkkiuk dh& v-½ u;uwjke “kekZ us c-½ f=yksd pUn ekFkqj us l-½ x.ks”khyky O;kl us n-½ cyoUr flag esgrk us 23- dkaxzsl ds xBu ds le; ok;ljk; dkSu Fkk \ v-½ ykMZ fyVu c-½ ykMZ fjiu l-½ ykMZ MQfju n-½ ykMZ MygkSth 24- ,fyl equjks us lkfgR; {ks= esa 2013 dk ukscy thrkA os fdl ns”k dh gS \ v-½ dukMk c-½ dEcksfM;k l-½ Jhyadk n-½ ;qxkMk 25- jktLFkku ds dkSu ls ftyksa esa csUVksukbV ds HkaMkj gS & v-½ dksVk] HkhyokM+k] ukxkSj c-½ fprkSM+x<+] mn;iqj] izrkix<+ l-½ t;iqj] lhdj] vyoj n-½ ckM+esj] chdkusj] lokbZ ek/kksiqj 26- dkSu lk lgh lqesfyr gS& v-½ cknyk & Vksad c-½ uenk & tks/kiqj l-½ vtjdk fizUV & ckM+esj n-½ CY;w ikWVjh & mn;iqj 27- jkT; esa ^gfjr jktLFkku* ;kstuk dk eq[; mn~ns”; gSa& v-½ [kk| Qlyksa dh mRikndrk dks c<k+uk c-½ ou {ks= dks c<+kuk l-½ d`f’k {ks= dks c<+kuk n-½ flapkbZ lqfo/kkvksa dks c<+kuk 28- dkSu lk ÅtkZ dk ijEijkxr L=ksr ugha gSa \ v-½ ty fo|qr c-½ v.kq “kfDr l-½ FkeZy ikoj n-½ iou pDdh 29- 1973 esa jkorHkkVk esa fLFkkfir jktLFkku v.kq”kfDr izkstsDV fdl ns”k n~okjk lapkfyr Fkk \

v-½ dukMk c-½ tkiku l-½ vesfjdk n-½ phu 30- BRICS esa dkSu lk ns”k ugha gSa \ v-½ Hkkjr c-½ cakXykns”k l-½ :l n-½ phu 31- jktLFkku esa viokg iz.kkyh dh n`f’V ls fdl unh dk loksZPp LFkku gS \ v-½ pEcy c-½ ekgh l-½ ywuh n-½ tokbZ 32- jktLFkku esa fdl txg ,xzks QqM ikdZ ugha gS v-½ tks/kiqj c-½ Jhxaxkuxj l-½ vyoj n-½ t;iqj 33- ekulh&okdy ifj;kstuk dk lEca/k fdl ftys ls gSa \ v-½ ckalokM+k c-½ Mwxjiqj l-½ jktleUn n-½ mn;iqj 34- ^jktLFkku tutkfr {ks=h; fodkl lgdkjh la?k* dh LFkkiuk fdl o’kZ dh xbZ \ v-½ 1970 c-½ 1986 l-½ 1976 n-½ 1974 35- fgUn egklkxj dk lcls cM+k n~ohi dkSu lk gSa \ v-½ lqek=k c-½ Jhyadk l-½ esMxkLdj n-½ tkok 36- pwa/kh x.ks”k dk efUnj fLFkr gSa& v-½ dksVk c-½ mn;iqj l-½ tSlyesj n-½ tks/kiqj 37- dkSu lk lqesfyr lgh ugha gSa \ v-½ lksuhth dh ufl;kW & vtesj c-½ lkses”oj efUnj & ckM+esj l-½ ?kkVs”oj efUnj & mn;iqj n-½ th.kekrk efUnj & lhdj 38- esokM+ esa /khaxk x.kxkSj fdl jktk us vkjEHk fd;k \ v-½ egkjk.kk txrflag c-½ egkjk.kk gEehj l-½ egkjk.kk jktflag n-½ egkjk.kk Hkwikyflag 39- 1437 bZ- esa lkajxiqj ;qn~/k fdl& fdl ds chp gqvk \ v-½ egkjk.kk lkaxk o f[kyth c-½ egkjk.kk dqEHkk o egewn f[kyth l-½ jko pwM+k o bczkghe yksnh n-½ mijksDr esa ls dksbZ ugha 40- fdl ok;ljk; us ^vkfJr ik;ZD; dh uhfr* ykxw dh \ v-½ ykMZ dtZu c-½ ykMZ dSfuax l-½ ykMZ fjiu n-½ ykMZ gkfMZax 1- v] 6- v] 11- c] 16- c] 21- l] 26- l] 31- v] 36- l]

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Answers

n] v] c] c] c] c] n] l]

3- c] 8- n] 13- v] 18- l] 23- l] 28- n] 33- n] 38- l]

4- v] 9- v] 14- n] 19- l] 24- v] 29- v] 34- l] 39- c]

5- c] 10- n] 15-v] 20- l] 25- n] 30- c] 35- l] 40- n

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Þgekjh uSfrd izd`fr ftruh mUur gksrh gS mruk gh mPp gekjk izR;{k vuqHko gksrk gSa] vkSj mruh gh gekjh bPNk “kfDr vf/kd cyoarh &gks r h gS a A Þ Lokeh foosdkuUn

&Lokeh foosdkuUn

Com p u te r G e n ra l Kn owl e d g e

Û dEI;wVj dh mRifr "Compute" 'kCn ls gqbZA Û pkYlZ cscst ds dEI;wVj dk tud dgk tkrk gSA Û dEI;wVj 'kCn vFkZ gS fxurh vFkok x.kuk djukA ifjHkk"kk % dEI;wVj ,d bysDVªkWfud ;qfDr gS tks tkudkjh lafpr djus] <wa<us o O;ofLFkr djus] ifjdyu djus o vU; e'khuksa ij fu;a=.k j[krh gSA dEI;wVj ,d Lopkfyr vlhe mÌs';ksa okyh bysDVªkWfud ;qfDr gS] tks fn;s x;s funsZ'kksa dks vR;Ur lw{e le; esa fo'ysf"kr djds lR; o fo'oluh; ifj.kke izLrqr djrh gSA izkphu dEI;wVj o mudk bfrgkl 1- ckyw dk dEi;wVj Û vkt ls 2500 o"kZ iwoZ feL= ds O;kikfj;ksa cuk;kA Û ;g ckyw] dadM+ vkSj fxfV~V;ksa dh lgk;rk ls cuk Fkk rFkk budh lgk;rk ls gh x.kuk djrk gS] esa fcuk vad ;k la[;k fy[ks gh x.kuk gks tkrh gSA Û blesa rhu [kkaps gksrs FksA nk;k¡ [kkapk & bdkbZ & chp okyk & ngkbZ ck;k¡ [kkapk & lSdM+k n'kkZrk FkkA Û ;g fof/k orZeku xf.kr ds LFkkuh; eku dh Hkkafr gksrh FkhA 2- vckdl ¼Ab ac us ½ 600 bZ- ls iwoZ Û bldk fuekZ.k vjch Hkk"kk ds ^vld* ls gqvkA Û ckyw ds dEI;wVj dk ;g ljy :Ik gSA Û blesa ydM+h ds nks Ýse gksrs gS] NksVk Hkkx Heaven vkSj cM+k Hkkx Farth gksrk gSA 3- usfi;j vfLFk;k¡ ¼Nap ier' s B o nes ½ 17oha 'krkCnh Û LdkWVyS.M ds xf.krK tkWu usfi;j us 17oha 'krkCnh esa cuk;k FkkA Û usfi;j us loZizFke bls gfM~M;ksa ls cuk;k Fkk] ckn esa buds LFkku ij gkFkh ds nkar dk iz;ksx gqvkA Û ;g y?kqx.kd rkfydk o usfi;j vfLFk;k¡ dk vfo"dkj fd;k rFkk ;g e'khu cM+h&cM+h o n'keyo okyh la[;kvksa dk xq.kk vklkuh ls djrh FkhA 4- LykbM ¼S lide Rule½ 1620 bZ-ohÛ bls teZu oSKkfud fofy;e vksFkVsªM us 1620 esa fd;k FkA Û ;g rhu 'krkfCn;ksa rd eq[; x.ku ;a= jgA Û blesa LykbM :y gksrk Fkk] ftlds chp esa LykbM dks f[kldk;k tkrkA Û buds Åij ,d ikjn'khZ dlZj gksrk gSA Û blds }kjk oxZewy] y?kqx.kd] f=T;kRed x.kuk,¡] foykse dk oxZ] rhu dh ?kkr vkfn x.kuk,a gksrh FkhA Û ;g 1970 rd mi;ksx rFkk bldk ekbØks izkslslj ;qDr dSydqysVjksa ds ckn pyu lekIr gqvkA 5- ikLdyhu ¼P as c aline½ Û bls 17oha 'krkCnh esa Ýkalhlh xf.krK o HkkSfrd 'kkL=h Cyst ikLdy us cuk;k FkkA Û ;g igyk ;kfU=d dEI;wVj FkkA Û ikLdyhu dh x.kuk djus dh {kerk N% O;fDr;ksa ds cjkcj FkhA Û ;g egaxk gksus ds dkj.k ugha pykA 6- cscst fMQsaf'k;y batu Û dsfEczt fo'ofo|ky; ds xf.kr ds izksQslj pkYlZ cscst us cuk;k FkkA Û bls lu~ 1823 esa cuk;k x;k FkkA Û xf.kr ds fl)kUr ij vk/kkfjr FkkA 7- cscst dk ,ukfyfVdy batu Û bls cscst fMQjsaf'k;y batu dh lQyrk ds ckn cuk;k x;k FkkA Û blesa ,d d`f=e Le`fr o fn;s x;s izksxzke ds vuqlkj x.kuk,¡ dj ldsA Û blesa ikap eq[; Hkkx Fks& 1- laxzg.k bdkbZ ;k Le`fr

20 JFebruary 201 4

2- fey&blesa xf.krh; fØ;k,¡ gksrh FkhA vk/kqfud CPU blh MILL dk fodflr :i gSA 3- Controller fu;U=d 4- buiqV 5- vkmViqV Û ml le; bl ;a= dh u gh rduhd Fkh vkSj u gh fo|qr ÅtkZ dk mi;ksx gksrk FkkA bl dkj.k ;g cu ugha ik;kA Û ysfdu vkt vk/kqfud dEI;wVj dh uhao ;g dEI;wVj cu ik;k] bl dkj.k pkYlZ cscst dks vk/kqfud dEI;wVj dk tud dgk tkrk gSA 8- geZu gksysfjFk dh bysfDVªdy VscqysfVax e'hu Û ,ukfyfVdy batu ds 50 o"kZ ckn vesfjdk oSKkfud geZu gksysfjFk cuk;sA Û ;g bysfDVªdy VscqysfVax e'khu FkhA Û bl e'khu esa iap dkMZl dh lgk;rk ls vkadM+ksa ds laxzfgr fd;k tkrk FkkA Û lu~ 1986 esa gksysfjFk us bu e'khuksa ds fy, VscqysfVax e'khu dEiuh cukbZA Û bl dEiuh esa dbZ vkSj dEifu;k¡ tqM+ xbZ rFkk ckn bldk uke lu~ 1924 esa IBM fn;k x;kA tks vkt Hkh cM+h dEIkuh gSA 9- gkoMZ dk ekdZ & 1 Û lu~ 1939 esa gkWoMZ fo'ofo|ky; ds ,d oSKkfud gkWoMZ ,fQu us IBM }kjk izkIRk 50]000 MkWyj ls u;k x.ku ;a= dk fuekZ.k 'kq: fd;k x;k rFkk bathfu;jksa dh lgk;rk yhA Û yxHkx 5 o"kksZa ds cn lu~ 1944 esa cudj rS;kj gqvkA Û bldk uke Fkk & vkWVksesfVd flDosal dUVªksYM dSYdqysVj ckn esa bls gkoMZ ekdZ & 1 dgk x;kA Û ;g fo|+qr iz.kkyh ij vk/kfjr FkkA Û ;g vkdkj esa 5 QqV yEck vkSj 8 QqV pkSM+k FkkA Û blds fy, 5000 yEcs rkj o 7]60]000 iqtksZa ,o yxHkx 30 yk[k tksM+h ¼Connection½ t:jr iM+hA Û fMcfxax 'kCn blesa =qfV ds dkj.k vkt Hkh izpfyr gSA 10- ,fu;kd ¼Eniac ½ Û lu~ 1942 esa bysfDVªdy bathfu;fjax Ldwy o cSysfLVd fjlpZ ySc ,oa vesfjdh lsuk ds lkFk feydj de fd;kA Û vr% 1946 esa vesfjdu bth-ts- izsl ij ,dVZ vkSj HkkSfrd 'kkL=h tkWu MCY;w us vesfjdh lsuk ds fy, cuk;kA Û bldk uke bysDVªkWfud U;wesfjdy bUVªhxsVj ,aM dsYdqysVj or ENIAC uke fn;kA Û bldh xfr gkoMZ ekdZ&1 ls 8000 xquk T;knk FkhA Û bldk Hkkj 30 Vu FkkA

Student's Column

Þf'k{kk lw=Þ if=dk jkspd o Nk=ksa ds vuqlkj cuk;s j[kus ds fy, Student's Column izkjEHk fd;k gSa ftl esa Nk=ksa ds fopkj o jk; izdkf'kr dh tk;sxhA vxj vki fdlh fo"k; ij vius fopkj Hkstuk pkgrs gks rks ges facebook ij Hkst ldrs gksA gekjk facebook dk irk gSa&

www.facebook.com/shikshasutra

vxys vad ds fy;s fo"k; gSa&

ÞTET Exam gksus pkfg;s ;k ugha& ;fn gk¡ rks D;ksa ;fn ugha rks D;ksa ughÞa vius fopkj HkstsA

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"Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever."

- Mahatma Gandhi

Logical S equence of Words

,d ?kVuk ;k ifjfLFkfr ls lacaf/kr 'kCnksa dk lewg fn;k tkrk gS] ftUgsa lkFkZd Øe esa n'kkZ ldrs gSaA 'kCn lewg % cPpk] jkstxkj] f'k'kq] f'k{kk] 'kknhA ;g 'kCn lewg ^thou* ls lacaf/kr gSA ge tkurs gSa fd ^f'k'kq* voLFkk ekuo thou dh izkjfEHkd voLFkk gS] rFkk dqN o"kksZa i'pkr~ ^f'k'kq* ckyd cu tkrk gSA og ckyd ^f'k{kk* xzg.k djus fo|ky; vkSj egkfo|ky; tkrk gS] rRi'pkr~ og jkstxkj izkIr djrk gSA jkstxkj izkIr djus ds ckn euq"; ^'kknh* djrk gSA mijksDr ?kVuk ls fn;s x;s 'kCn lewg dk lgh Øe gSA f'k'kq] ckyd ¼cPpk½] f'k{kk] jkstxkj] 'kknhA 'kCn lewg % est] isM+] ydM+h] cht] ikS/kk ;g 'kCn leqg ydM+h ds thou Øe ls lacaf/kr gSA ge tkurs gS fd loZizFke ^cht* dks tehu esa cks;k tkrk gS] ikuh] lw;Z izdk'k o gok ls og ^cht* ikS/ks ds :i esa ckgj fudyrk gS] vkSj og ^ikS/kk* cM+k gksdj ^^isM+* cu tkrk gS] ml ^isM+* dks dkV dj mldh ^ydM+h* ls ^est* cukbZ tkrh gSA mijksDr ?kVuk ls fn;s x;s 'kCn lewg dk lgh Øe gS& cht] ikS/kk] isM+] ydM+h] est fuEufyf[kr 'kCnksa dks lkFkZd Øe esa jf[k,& 1¼a½ tUe ¼b ½ e`R;q ¼c ½ fprk ¼d½ fookg ¼e½ f'k{kk 2¼a½ dkWyst ¼b ½ cPpk ¼c ½ vk; ¼d½ Ldwy ¼e½ ukSdjh 3¼a½ i<+uk ¼b ½ cukuk ¼c ½ fy[kuk ¼d½ Niuk 4¼a½ vk; ¼b ½ Lrj ¼c ½ f'k{kk ¼d½ dY;k.k ¼e½ ukSdjh 5¼a½ vkdk'kxaxk ¼b ½ lwjt ¼c ½ pUnzek ¼d½ i`Foh ¼e½ rkjs 6¼a½ pkch ¼b ½ njoktk ¼c ½ rkyk ¼d½ dejk ¼e½ fLop vkWu 7¼a½ dkVuk ¼b ½ iguuk ¼c ½ fu'kku ¼d½ ukiuk ¼e½ Vsyj ¼flykbZ½ 8¼a½ ltk ¼b ½ tsy ¼c ½ fxj¶rkj ¼d½ vijk/k ¼e½ fu.kZ; 9¼a½ dkxt ¼b ½ iqLrdky; ¼c ½ ys[kd ¼d½ iqLrd ¼e½ dye 10¼a½ /kkrq ¼b ½ izfØ;k ¼c ½ dPph /kkrq ¼d½ 'kq) djuk ¼e½ feJ/kkrq 11¼a½ xjhch ¼b ½ tula[;k ¼c ½ eqR;q ¼d½ csjkstxkjh ¼e½ chekjh 12¼a½ lwr ¼b ½ midj.k ¼c ½ lkM+h ¼d½ :bZ ¼e½ diM+k 13¼a½ iksLVckWDl ¼b ½ i= ¼c ½ fyQkQk ¼d½ forj.k ¼e½ NaVuh 14¼a½ ngh ¼b ½ ?kkl ¼c ½ eD[ku ¼d½ nw/k ¼e½ xk; 15¼a½ gkFkh ¼b ½ fcYyh ¼c ½ ePNj ¼d½ phrk ¼e½ Ogsy mŸkj %

(1) a, e, d, b, c (4) c, e, a, b, d, (7) d, c, a, e, b (10) c, b, d, a, e (13) c, b, a, e, d

(2) b, d, a, e, c (5) c, d, b, e, a (8) d, c, e, b, a (11) b, d, a, e, c (14) e, b, d, a, c

(3) c, b, d, a (6) a, c, b, d, e (9) c, e, a, d, b (12) b, d, a, e, c (15) c, b, d, a, e

I m p e ra ti ve se n te n ce s (Com m a n d s) (vkns'k) An imperative sentence expresses a command a request, or an advice. E.g. 1. 2. 3. > >

okD; ftl esa vkns'k] izkFkZuk ;k lykg dk vHkko vk;sA

Get out. (Command) Pass me the solt please. (Request) Do hard work. (Advice) Starts with verb. End with full stop (.)

20 February 201 4

TH E S E N TE N C E

S e n te n ce : A Group of words that makes complete sense is called a sentence. 'kCnksa dk lewg tks iw.kZ vFkZ nsA

E.g. : 1 . Ram Played a hocky match last evening. 2. Did your team with the match? > A sentence begins with a capital letter. > A sentence end with a full stop, a mark of interrogation or a mark of exclamation. Phrase : A group of words that makes sense but not complete sense is called a phrase. E.g.

'kCnksa dk lewg tks vFkZ ns] ijUrq iw.kZ vFkZ uk nsA

1 . a hockey match. 2. a funny story. Can turn a phrase into a sentence by adding some words to

it : 1. My mother told me a funny story lost evening. 2. This book is of no use to me. Ki n d o f S e n t e n c e s 1. Assertive Sentences 2. Interrogative Sentences 3. Imperative Sentences 4. Exclamatory Sentences. Asse rti ve S e n te n ce s (S ta te m e n ts) (dFku) An assertive sentences says or states something. okD; esa dqN dgk tkrk gS ;k fdlh pht dks crk;k tkrk gSA

E.g. :

1 . I am a boy. 2. The fox did not like it. > Assertive sentences may be positive or negative. > Put a full stop at the end of an assertive sentences. I n te rrog a ti ve S e n te n ce s (Qu e sti on s) ¼iz'u½ An interrogative sentence asks a questions. okD; esa ,d iz'u iqNk tkrk gSA

E.g.

1 . Do you like football? 2. What is you favorite food? > Sentence I is yes/no type questions and sentences begins with a question word ( what) > Questions words : what, when, where, who, whose, whom, why > Put a mark of integration (?) at the end of an interrogative sentence. E xcl a m a tory se n te n ce s (E xcl a m a ti on s) (vk'p;Z) An excl amatory sentences expresses some strong feeling. okD; ftl esa rhoz Hkkouk ¼Strong feeling½ izdV gksA

E.g. 1 . How beautiful the butterfly is. 2. What a nuisance it is. > Put a mark of exclamation (!) of the end.

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Shiksha Sutra Issue - I