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ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO Ana Margarida Ferreira Coelho

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INDEX

CURRICULUM VITAE

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STUDY PROJECTS 2005 - 5 Single family dwellings 2005 - Student residence 2006 - Urban planning - Alta Bodo Finnsnes 2007 - Geological museum 2007 - Urban planning - Lisbon 2008 -Alto do Lumiar, Housing and Offices

4-8 9-12 13-17 18-22 23-28 29-34 35-42 43-54

CONTEST - PLADUR 2008 - Public Space to read and listen

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SMO ARCHITEKTUR Severins Tor Terrace - Wegner Greening voids

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FINAL THESIS sustainable (aesth)ethics

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CURRICULUM VITAE

2003/2004 - Started architecture studies in the University of Coimbra, Faculty of Science and Technology; 2006/2007- Studied in Norway, in NTNU Trondheim (erasmus program); 2008/2009 - Studied one semester in Aachen, RWTH (free mover program). 2009 - Six month working in smo architektur in Köln. 2009 - Master thesis - “sustainable (aesth)ethics“ PERSONAL INFORMATION: Name: Ana Margarida Ferreira Coelho Nationality: portuguese Date of birth: 23rd of September, 1985 Address: Rua Cabral Antunes, lote 4-1º esq. 3030-390 Coimbra, Portugal. Mobile phone number: 00351 919851682 OTHER INFORMATION: Good knowledge of Autocad, Archicad, Photoshop, Illustrator and Indesign. Basic knowledge in Rhino 3d. Mother tongue is portuguese, good english and basic german.

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Study projects 5 Single family dwelings PLan and facades

East facade

PROGRAM: 5 Single family dwellings SITE: The area given for this assignment was surrounded by other singlefamily housing built around the 90s. Right next to the field of work exists a college school. Facing the west side is a big slope that ends up in the river Mondego (the river that crosses the city of Coimbra), the view is amazing.

CONCEPT: Feeling the outside inside. Portugal is a country with much sun during the whole year, and this slope is particularly sunny. This, connected to the fact that the view is extremely pleasent the result is 3 ways of being IN BETWEEN (outise and inside): - own garden; - closed terrace; - balcony;

SOLUTION:

My main interest was to turn the house to the outside, so I used different ways of being out. The garden in which the residents can adminintrate however they like (grass, trees, farming), the closed terrace on the upper floor that is completely private, and the balconies, one with double height and the other three turned to the street with wooden ported that can be totally closed or half opened. The inside distribution is simply organised. On the first floor the service areas (garage and kitchen). Second floor, living room and one sleeping room. Third floor with office and another sleeping room. The last floor with terrace and one sleeping room. All the floors have toilets and only one room has its private. As all the rooms are very opened with big glass windows I decided to create a small room for dressing in each sleeping room.

Plan

West facade

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Study projects 5 Single family dwelings Plans

First floor plan

Second floor plan

Third floor plan

Fourth floor plan

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Study projects 5 Single family dwelings Sections 1

2 3

Section 2 and 3

Section 1

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Study projects 5 Single family dwelings Details

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Study projects 5 Single family dwelings Details

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Study projects Student Residence PROGRAM: Student residence

(should include: 30 bedrooms in which 6 are for handicap people, small apartment for the guard to live in, laundry, kitchens, study room, management room).

SITE:

The space where we should draw this building was a whole in the city (Coimbra), in an area where all around there are solid structures already. Right next to it, on the left side there is a housing building with four floors and on the right side exist a primary school. In front of the site, and all along the street there is a park, for the neighbourhood, where people can run, ride their bike,play football, baskteball and do skateboarding, also a children park and a big area of green is for the use of the inhabitants.

concept scheme

overall plan transversal section

CONCEPT: Visual Conection: park-street SOLUTION: As I mentioned before in front of our working site exists a park. My main idea was to connect visually both sites (street-park). In order to do that I lifted the first floor of the building making it become transparent. The three upper floors are sustained by pillars that structure the building and make it very strickt in the inside organisation. The entrance in the building is made by two blocks coated by glass. Each floor has one kitchen and ten rooms. All the service areas, like laundry, apartment of the guard and management room are located under the level of the street, having light and ventilation by three courtyards. The structure of the building is easily seen from the facades. On the south the windows have the whole length and height of the room, they are all glass besides a thin rectangular made of viroc. Also on the north facade the structure can be seen, this time with the own shuttering of the concrete. Concerning the room of each student we had to draw its furniture. So, It was planned in a way that occupies less space possible and at the same time has a lot of space for storage. In a way that the own mobiles divide the space in the room (working area, sleeping area). All the building is covered on the outside by concrete.

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Study projects Student Residence Plans

Upper Floors Plan

Level Floor Plan

Underground Plan

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Study projects Student Residence Facades North and South

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Study projects Student Residence Room

section of the room

Plan of the room

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Study projects Alta master plan

PROGRAM: Alta master plan (Norway) - renewing the third center of the city (Bossekop).

SITE:

The are of study, Bossekop, is situated 4 km from the city center. It has some comercial buildings, offices, hotels and housing, mostly single family housing. The slate industry occupies most of the sea access in the area, making it a challenge to connect the place directly to the sea. E6 (road that crosses almost the whole country) goes through Bossekop, creating a big traffic flow. Bossekop is today quite loose in the structuring of the buildings within the core area, making it a less appealing place to arrive to.

CONCEPT: The concept builds on the idea of two axis, one local leading from the local sports development area into the center core, and one on a higher level, the E6. E6 is going through the center of Bossekop, and gives an important structural line for the surrounding area. The concept build further connect to the green area on the other side. The point where these meet is the entrance to the local square, where the main theme is use of the local slate in new and different ways. This includes a slate museum + park.

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Study projects Alta master plan Analysis

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Study projects Alta master plan Challenges and Strategies

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Study projects Alta master plan The concept

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Study projects Alta master plan Master plan

slate museum - live slate show room; - ways of positioning; -shapes; -colours; -multifunctional characteristics; -slate as art.

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Study projects Bodø master plan

PROGRAM: Bodø master plan (Norway) SITE:

The working area in Bodø is limited by a commercial area in west, the hills of Bymarka in east, the military camp in southeast and the mental hospital/housing area to the north. Today it is a blanket of green used for research, and contains two farms. There is a small creek that passes through the site. The area is very big and holds a huge potential for the city, both as a part of the urban carpet and as a public recreation area. The existing commercial area is quite chaotic. It has parking in most of the open space, and badly organised structures without good green areas.

CONCEPT:

In Bodø, after analysing carefully the surroundings we reached the conclusion that it is possible to conserve a lot of the green as well as offering the municipalities the chance to develop the area for housing/commerce. Nature should be preserved and with this connect directly the Bymarka to the sea, using the existing creek to make the water connection. In order to keep a big part of this land untouched, we suggest that the rest of the site can be developed as a border to the green, quite densely in one of the areas and then continously fading out towards Bymarka. This is achieved by the typologies that are used in the areas, from apartments, going through row housing and finishing with villas. To respond to the existing commercial area we create a new commercial space, which is connected on the other side of the road by a green area. This commercial area has the function of creating a barrier to the road and giving this road a new character.

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Study projects Bodø master plan Analysis

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Study projects Bodø master plan Challenges and Strategies

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Study projects Bodø master plan The Concept

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Study projects

Area 1

- apartments - high density - colective common green areas

Bodø master plan Master Plan

- 3/4 stories

Area 2

- row housing - medium density - private green - 2/3 stories

Area 3

- villas - low density - bigger private green - 2 stories max

Area 3

Area 2

Area 1

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Study projects Finnsnes master plan

PROGRAM: Finnsnes master plan (Norway) SITE:

Finnsnes is situated in the middle of the county of Troms, between the inland and the Senja island. With its population of 4000 inhabitants it welcomes visitors both from land and from sea. The city is an important communication point for the region with its good connections. In that way it is becoming a central point for commerce and leisure. They have as central point a pond. This area has been improved with some installations, such as a small stage. One of the municipality’s wishes is to develop this area. Some problems were mentioned during the breafing, such as defining the city borders and its areas. The connections to the sea and to the lake are not developed at the moment and the municipality wishes to have that improved.

CONCEPT:

The concept is based on the wish from the municipality of Lenvik to look upon the city’s connection to the surrounding sea and green areas, together with the wish to make the pedestrian access better and the car traffic lighter, and in that way improve the conditions in the city. The small tunnel gives a different point of view on the matter of making a bypass tunnel or not. A short tunnel will take away much of the drivethrough traffic and make the access from the city center to the pond easier, and further down to the sea. The system will also function with a longer tunnel or without any tunnel at all.

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Study projects Finnsnes master plan Analysis

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Study projects Finnsnes master plan Challenges and Strategies

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Study projects Finnsnes master plan Concept

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Study projects Finnsnes master plan

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Study projects Finnsnes master plan Master plan

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Study projects Geological Museum PROGRAM: Geological Museum

- the students should use the imagination and create the surroudings for this project. It should include an exhibition space, a bar and toilets. The project should be mainly built with one material. We choose concrete.

SITE:

We choose a context of wild grassland with some trees, touching a grey-colored granit rock face.

CONCEPT: Just one wall, the absolute minimum - in our design process we tried to find the absolute minimum by going back and forth. One wall placed in the landscape should fullfil all the needs.

SOLUTION: The wall placed opposite to the rock face creates a counterpart. The liquid material concrete supports us to let the wall swing and play with a fluent form. Suddenly rooms appear. When wall and rock almost touch each other the entrances into the ‘inner’ space occur. From here the visitor is taken into the exhibition area. Leaded by the wall the visitor experiences sequences of different atmosphere. The movement of the wall shows the fluent process of production of concrete. By examinating models we found out that we do not need to have a roof structure. The correlation between rock and wall makes you feel inside, even if you are not. We think that an exhibition about geological objects should have as much as possible contact with the landscape where it refers to. As concreting is dependent on the scaffolding and formwork we wanted to use this. The outer part of the wall facing the open area could be formed rough and give the possibility to let moss grow on it. As a contrast the inner surface of the wall is smooth and clean. This supports the inside feeling and contrasts and emphasises the rock. The rock becomes a part of the exhibition as well as the artificial wall. All additional functions like toilets, warderobe and a small bar are placed inside the wall by letting the movement of the wall blowing up. The entrances are placed almost unvisible. As concrete is a material which is in itself a cured material we wanted to use the wall as a part of the exhibition by printing exhibition parts into the surface. There should be no obstruction of using the wall during the exhibitions.

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Study projects Geological museum PLan roof top

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Study projects Geological Museum PLan

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Study projects Geological museum Sections 1 and 2

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Study projects Geological museum View 1 and 2

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Study projects Geological museum View 1 , Section 3 and View 4

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings

PROGRAM: Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings. At this moment there is a big discussion in Portugal about moving the existing airport. It is located in the middle of the city so it would move to the outskirts of the city. The exercise was based on this information so each group could choose to keep a small airport or just elimate it totally.

SITE:

This project is in a very vast area (around 4km width). The whole airport and the surrounding areas should be transformed. When we visited the site for the first time we realised that it had a great view to the river. Some areas around the airport were very chaotic and there were also some warehouses right next to the airport that we decided to demolish.

CONCEPT: - third ring -lisbon of the XXI century; Lisbon is a city that is growing in rings so the airport makes part of this third ring. We want to connect our area of work to the river area that was rebuilt for the Expo 98 and was transformed into a area of housing, offices and commercial places.

- green platform - there are some green areas that come from the south that end in the airport area so we created a green platform that connects one green area in the north and another in the south of the airport. Our green has sport facilites, one university and science labs.

- airport as a stage - isn’t it amazing to watch planes land and take off? why not make it a spectacular event? Our green area is the great place to just lay down and watch the planes flying. 35


Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Concept

Airport as a stage

Top: 3rd ring; Bottom: existing green corridor.

Top: Airport connections to Expo area; Bottom: green proposal

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Strategies

Program Green areas Traffic system Green Platfrom

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Master Plan

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Area by area Airport + Office

Green Platform

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Area by area Green Platform - Science

Alto do Lumiar - Housing

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Area by area Charneca e Ameixoeira - Housing and farming

Prior Velho - Housing

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Area by area Rotunda do Rel贸gio - Student Residence

Portela - Hospital

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Alto do Lumiar - Housing and Offices

PROGRAM: After the group strategy each one of us had one area to explore. The area I worked with is “Alto do Lumiar” that we decided to be mainly for housing and business buildings.

SITE:

The area I got for this project was almost with no levels so it was plan field. It has as “neighbour” the big green platform with sport facilities.

CONCEPT: “ the universal beauty doesn’t emerge from the particular character of the forms but from the dinamic rythm (...) of the mutual relations of the forms.” P. Mondrian

SOLUTION: The idea was to make three different ways of living. The quarters change (in a density factor) as they get further away from the green platform. The nearest quarter to the park is more dense with 20 stories high and “thin” towers and with a mass block on the floor level. The level floor has shops, service offices and on the inside car parking. On the roof there are green areas with fields for making sports and people have access to it. The high buildings differ from housing and offices. So the towers are more a contrast to the park and try to be a bit plastic, sintetic with epoxy and aluminium sheets for the facades. The second type of quarter is linear housing with courtyards. The buildings are lifted from the floor and are holded by galeries that make the courtyards. These are private courtyards for the people that live there. As these galeries are mainly closed for the outside I didn’t want people to walk in the street and have only closed walls so the galeries have dinamic facades.

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Alto do Lumiar - Housing and Offices

In a way of making them dynamic I used the draw of the portuguese tile with modern lines but still the typical way. The parking is underground. In the inside the service areas like kitchen and toilets are turned to the facade to free the inner space. The galeries also make terraces that can be used. The facades of the buildings are also with the tile drawing made with viroc so that the spaces are not totally closed. The main material are concrete and viroc. These quarters are interrupted by parks ruled with galeries that can have different expressions. The third and last quarter is more opened to the street, there are no cars inside the quarter and the parking is also underground. The outer areas are drawned for the pedestrian to walk or cycle. In order to make people interact with each other I decided to create comun areas (balconies). The inside space of each apartment is flexible so some rooms have wooden walls that are possibly movable to create different spaces for different ocasions and ways of living. These buildings are with a low density and gardens are a big part of the quarter. On the floor level exist shopping areas. Transversal section

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Alto do Lumiar - Housing and Offices Master Plan

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Alto do Lumiar - Housing and Offices Towers

Section through the quarter

Roof top Plan

Underground Plan

First Level Plan

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Alto do Lumiar - Housing and Offices Towers

Top: Facade in aluminium sheet

Upper floor levels Plan

Bottom: Zoom plan with the different typologies

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Alto do Lumiar - Housing and Offices Housing with courtyards

Section through the quarter

Roof top Plan

Underground Plan

First Level Plan

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Alto do Lumiar - Housing and Offices Housing with courtyards

Top: Facade with the portuguese tile

Upper floor levels Plan

Bottom: Zoom plan with the different typologies

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Alto do Lumiar - Housing and Offices Linear Housing

Section through the quarter

Roof top Plan

Underground Plan

First Level Plan

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Alto do Lumiar - Housing and Offices Linear Housing

Top: Facade with the common balconies and section

Upper floor levels Plan

Bottom: Zoom plan with the different typologies

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Alto do Lumiar - Housing and Offices Section Detail - housing with courtyards

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Alto do Lumiar - Housing and Offices

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Study projects Renewing Lisbon airport and surroundings Individual working area - Alto do Lumiar Details

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Contest - Pladur Public Space to read and listen

PROGRAM: This building should be understood not like a library and not a space to storage books but as a space for reading and listening. It consists in creating spaces where people can meet and while one reads the other listens. It’s all about reading and listening. It had to be maximum area of 750 m2. It should include at least 6 to 8 individual rooms for reader and listener. Two rooms with multiple capacity one for 25 children and the otherfor 25 adults. One book deposit one area of waiting and reception and toilets.

SITE:

The area for this project was a public new garden by the river Mondego in Coimbra. It is quite a plain field and has wet soil for being so close to the river.

CONCEPT: Quem conta um conto acrescenta um ponto. (its a portuguese popular say that translated by word means: who tells a story always adds a “point”).

SOLUTION:

We found very interesting the fact of creating single rooms for people to read and listen in a way that they should be made for people to feel comfortable and at the same time a space where the imagination can be enlarged. For that reason we created rooms inside of spheres because they give the people more feeling of freedom, imagination. The rooms have windows to different sides, as for the sky as well. They also have different types of banches to sit or lay down. Concerning the main building it is suppose to be the continuation of the pedestrian path that exists in this park. Our building is a bit hiden so that it gives more emphase to the spherical rooms. The building opens itself to the river creating a small plaza in which we placed a small cafeteria. The book deposit is a big shelf that works like a wall to the outside.

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Contest - Pladur Public Space to read and listen

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Contest - Pladur Public Space to read and listen

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Contest - Pladur Public Space to read and listen

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smo architektur Severins Tor

SITE:

The site worked in this project is an empty space (non-place), due to its lack of caracter and use. The future urban planning from the city of Koln intends to build a housing block of about 4 to 5 stories high. The place is strongly influenced by the Severins bridge which brings noise traffic and speed. We thought about this place as a new center of Koln, since this side of the city is not develloped with specific infrastructure. Our proposal would make a new balance in the city, creating a new city center, responding to the ever more growing of populations in the cities.

CONCEPT:

This new center will include shopping, sport facilities, leisure spaces, restaurants, housing and offices with green structures. The volumes that compose the building complex are disposed to have as much sun as possible in each indoor space and they are distinct due to its irregular shape owing to the three main different needs of space: office - detract; housing - expand; public platform - courtyards. The towers have a great view to the dom and to the riverside.

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smo architektur Terrace Wegner

SITE:

The client wanted to have a new terrace displayment. The backyard of the house was a bit chaotic with a mixture of potted plants, sculptures, tables and chairs.

SOLUTION: The new intervention intended to clean the space so that the inhabitants could use it better and take all the advantages of being outside. The connection with Nature is made by changing the old stone floor for wood and placing a waterfall in the level difference. The ambience at night should be pleasent too, and that is why the benches are equipped with lighting devices.

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smo architektur Greening voids

SITE:

All the voids spread around the cities are the targets of the project. The example given is situated next to the dom of Koln, in which only the ground floor is used for shops and the upper levels form empty space.

CONCEPT: The concept concerns the environment and the rehabilitation of the thousands of empty places which don t favour the development of the cities.

SOLUTION: The project intends to explore better the city. We propose to explore energies and introduce green spaces. For example, capturing the energy by the sun through photovoltaic panels, small wind turbines, the electrolyse process, or many others. The structure should be cheap and easy to build and rebuild somewhere else.To support the costs there can be big publicity screens which pay the investment of the solar panels and wind turbines until they start making some profitable energy.

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Final Thesis sustainable [aesth]ethics

practices of an architecture in evolution, the outline of new projectual strategies and tactics.

How will life be in 50 - 100 years? What are the actual consequences of the predicted global warming and the exponential increase in world population? What are the answers from architecture to this crisis? Will we return to a vernacular array or choose to solve the problem through technology? The future comes with many uncertainties, however, there is a doubt for the present: exists, truly, what we now call sustainable architecture? “Nowadays, proudly sporting a healthy addiction to formalism and subscribing to the doctrine that architecture can only change architecture, the same question niggles me as it did then: Why is there so little architecture in sustainable architecture?”

There is a dichotomy between architecture and sustainability that inevitably we can not avoid to ver-

ify. Architecture is a discipline that thrives on exploitation of resources, is the material expression of the boundary between environments (natural and built), while sustainability lives of their preservation. How come, then, to appear an architecture that is called sustainable? On the other hand, we realise that, if we think of architecture as an animal that needs to eat (processed natural resources through energy) to survive, we understand that may be part of a cycle, where the impact it generates is not as harmful as previously . Sustainability requires us, therefore, to consider architecture as a body, when placed in a given ecosystem, which is forced to adapt in a peaceful manner. However, sustainable design is currently experiencing a lot of technology, and therefore is strongly associated with the artificial, creating a greater distance with the surroundings. In many cases the technology “absorbs” the true notion of sustainability. One of the most important factors in the achievement of real sustainable architecture is the reconciliation between human beings and their environment. Context is the key that allows the formal to return to be integrated into the architecture we now call sustainable. Therefore, this architecture does not happen by mechanical modes but by the architectural assumptions, as are the formal strategies of

proportion or orientation. Thus, attention is drawn to priorities in an abstract environment that does not dispense technologies and mechanisms but that is not managed by them. The sustainable architecture is comprised in different ways. To some, represents the fear of abandonment of stylistic preferences and common way of working for others appear as the opportunity for development. However, for those looking to go back and see the foundations that underpin the discipline, will manage to understand a unit that involves the junction of art, philosophy and technology integrated with nature. This latter view, which is thought to be fuller, is also the one which obliges for further reform and will propose more revisions to the architecture discipline. However, and perhaps for fear of major changes, the direction we are pursuing is focused on mechanical systems. The danger now may be the same as before, to rely on technology to “save” the situation we find ourselves. Solutions that in the first instance, may work but that will not solve the real problem. It is essential to adapt new philosophy based on communion with nature, so that instead of continuing to repair each problem, we have the possibility of solving them by the root. Changing our priorities, from humans of consumption to an ecological thinking. To meet

this objective is to create a link between technology with an ecological philosophy that the architects will have to integrate into a visual language. We know the image of sustainability through two modes. The low-tech architecture that can join the vernacular, the truth of natural materials and cultural context of architecture and eco-tech, which advocates as the primary source of solving major problems of this crisis - the depletion of fossil fuels - the shift to renewable active energies. After analyzing the two approaches it is not possible to validate only one solution, one aesthetic, both seek to solve the problem, but with completely different methods due to the local panorama. Energy consumption and choice of materials are studied in this thesis, as practical factors, in order to see how the architectural body can live longer, reducing the amount of waste. The architecture needs energy to live and is in response to this need that were created rules and calculations that allow programmatic costs and provide the energy needs of some buildings. However, despite admitting practical control, these rules should be seen as tools rather than as unique solutions, for which there can be a tendency to fall into a monotony of responses that would not be sustainable, at all.

We can notice that, at present, sustainability still can not be more than one set of minor interventions, when what we need is a global change. Moreover, the idea that “every step counts” is also valid, but for that to be true, there has to be constancy at all levels of human activity, both in the social sector, environmental and economic terms, but not by devaluing the philosophy and aesthetics associated with these. The architecture itself is a development engine that is clearly growing, and because of its complexity and contradiction in some interdisciplinary fields is difficult to understand, but it is thanks to these challenges that the world can grow. As Picasso said: “Forcing yourself to use restricted means in the sort of restraint that liberates inventing. It obliges you to make a kind of progress you can not even imagine in advance.”

The aim of sustainable architecture is to disappear and be replaced only by the doctrine of architecture. However, this can only happen when a change is widespread and fiercely implemented in our society.

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