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d their voices in condemnation of the grinding poverty of the people, the low wages, the acute shortag gan to grow in volume and intensity and it seemed that all their sacrifices would end up in smoke and du ople. Today the people speak the language of action: there is a mighty awakening among the men and w he African National Congress and the South African Indian Congres, bearing in mind their responsibility a aign for the Defiance of the Unjust Laws. Starting off in Port Elizabeth in the early hours of June 26 and nd six defiers, it spread throughout the country like wild fire. Factory and office workers, doctors, lawy l call and defied the pass laws and the curfew and the railway apartheid regulations. At the end of the y heir jobs, chiefs and teachers were expelled from the service, doctors, lawyers and businessmen gave u g social forces which affected thousands of our countrymen. It was an effective way of getting the masse It was one of the best ways of exerting pressure on the Government and extremely dangerous to the s n to a militant and uncompromising band of comrades-in-arms. The entire country was transformed into g flew in every battlefield and thousands of our countrymen rallied around it. We held the initiative and t we held our last annual provincial Conference in Pretoria from the 10th to the 12th of October last yea se who were still going to action. The spirit of defiance and action dominated the entire conference.
Tod ad to be suppressed by the Government or it would impose its own policies on the country. 

The gover embers from both Congresses in Johannesburg, Port Elizabeth and Kimberley were arrested, tried and on condition that they did not again participate in the defiance of the unjust laws. In November last year all upon an African to defy. Contravention of this proclamation carried a penalty of three years or of a fi ed it to declare a state of emergency and to create conditions which would permit of the most ruthless a ed which provided heavy penalties for those convicted of Defiance offences. This Act also made provisi r] of the Central Branch during the Defiance Campaign, was convicted and sentenced to twelve months sion of Communism Act. You will remember that in May last year the Government ordered Moses Kotan ons and were also prohibited from attending political gatherings. In consequence of these bans, Moses y General, Mr. W. M. Sisulu, and I were banned from attending gatherings and confined to Johannesburg cuting with remarkable energy and devotion, was prohibited for a period of twelve months from attend ew days before the President-General was banned, the President of the SAIC, Dr. G. M. Naicker, had be n organisations were also banned.

The Congresses realised that these measures created a new situation ere forced to pause and to take stock of the new situation. We had to analyse the dangers that faced us h with reality and the prevailing conditions. Long speeches, the shaking of fists, the banging of tables an great deal of harm to the organisation and the struggle we serve. The masses had to be prepared and m ore powerful offensive against the enemy. To have gone ahead blindly as if nothing had happened woul Campaign together with its thrills and adventures has receded. The old methods of bringing about mas tremely dangerous and difficult to use effectively. The authorities will not easily permit a meeting called ent and there is hardly a single printing press which will agree to print leaflets calling upon workers to e se developments require the evolution of new forms of political struggle which will make it reasonable ge of national consciousness, is doing everything in its power to crush our movement by removing the he 1 8th September, 1953, there are thirty-three trade union officials and eighty-nine other people who ray of freedom fighters who have been named and blacklisted under the Suppression of Communism A ready extremely difficult, are steadily worsening and becoming unbearable. The purchasing power of th The cost of milk, meat and vegetables is beyond the pockets of the average family and many of our peo fford sufficient clothing, housing and medical care. They are denied the right to security in the event of use of lack of proper medical amenities our people are ravaged by such dreaded diseases as tuberculos e increase of the cost-of-living allowances for Europeans and not a word was said about the poorest and bout an explosive situation in the country have definitely scared away foreign capital from South Africa a wn, to retrench their staffs and unemployment is growing every day. The farm labourers are in a particul de in 1948 by the Reverend Michael Scott and a Guardian Correspondent; by the Drum last year and th ver given enough food to eat, slept on cement floors on cold nights with only their sacks to cover their s as sjambokking those who tried to straighten their backs, who felt weak and dropped down because o e morning till sunset, fed only on mealie meal served on filthy sacks spread on the ground and eating w of a farmer who was convicted for tying a labourer by his feet from a tree and had him flogged to deat y parts of the world still flourish in SA today. None will deny that they constitute a serious challenge to C ed in Parliament the Native Labour (Settlement of Disputes) Bill and the Bantu Education Bill. Speaking rican trade unions to death. By forbidding strikes and lockouts it deprives Africans of the one weapon th ontrolled by the workers themselves and which fight for the improvement of their working conditions in e aspirations of the African worker. The Minister of Native Affairs, Verwoerd, has also been brutally cle cans are inferior to Europeans. African education would be taken out of the hands of people who taugh ve Affairs which will decide whether an African child should receive higher or other education. It might w to drill rocks in the mines and how to plough potatoes on the farms of Bethal. High education might w de of the Congress on these bills is very clear and unequivocal. Congress totally rejects both bills withou rob the African workers of the universal right of free trade unionism and to undermine and destroy the sinister scheme which was calculated to further the exploitation of the African worker. To accept a mea Congressite should fight unreservedly for the recognition of African trade unions and the realisation of t m belief in the principles enunciated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that everyone has the hening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance intenance of peace. That parents have the right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to th olicy of the supremacy of the white men. The attitude of the government to us is that: “Let’s beat them there is the slightest chance of preserving white supremacy.”

But there is nothing inherently superior a h and French Imperialism, based on the concept of the supremacy of Europeans over Asians, has been c dations by powerful and revolutionary national liberation movements. In Africa, there are approximately are powerful revolutionary eruptions in the Gold Coast, Nigeria, Tunisia, Kenya, the Rhodesias and Sout dom and those of reaction is not very far off. I have not the slightest doubt that when that day comes tr very active worker and to check the national liberation movement. But gone forever are the days when ave pricked the conscience of all men of good will and have aroused their deepest indignation. The feel human methods then a clash between the forces of freedom and those of reaction is certain. The grave n spite of all the difficulties outlined above, we have won important victories. The general political leve guage of the day. The ties between the working people and the Congress have been greatly strengthen not receive the support of the workers is in fact paralysed on the very ground on which it has chosen to ches of the ANC In the past we talked of the African, Indian and Coloured struggles. Though certain ind es apart from one another and the efforts of those for co-ordination and unity were like a voice crying i shoulder to shoulder against a common enemy. Today we talk of the struggle of the oppressed people w Our immediate task is to consolidate these victories, to preserve our organisations and to muster our fo n with the National Action Committee of the ANC and the SAIC formulated a plan of action popularly k vinces to implement the “M” Plan without delay.

The underlying principle of this plan is the understand e aim is: 

to consolidate the Congress machinery; 

to enable the transmission of important decisions ta nting circulars; 

to build up in the local branches themselves local Congresses which will effectively repre o consolidate Congress leadership. 

This plan is being implemented in many branches not only in the Tr egional Conferences held in Sophiatown, Germiston, Kliptown and Benoni on the 28th June, 23rd and 3 e a striking demonstration of the effectiveness of this plan, and the National Executives must be complim uly and well in its implementation. The hard, dirty and strenuous task of recruiting members and streng activity of Congressites must not be confined to speeches and resolutions. Their activities must find ex working people. You must protect and defend your trade unions. If you are not allowed to have your me ou must have them in your villages and shantytowns. You must make every home, every shack and every ht of African parents to decide the kind of education that shall be given to their children. Teach the child of education will be given to our children. If it becomes dangerous or impossible to have these alternati er surrender to the inhuman and barbaric theories of Verwoerd. 

The decision to defy the unjust laws e ay by day. But due to the fact that the local branches did not exercise proper control and supervision, t political characteristics. As a result of this, there were many shady characters ranging from political clow s of Congress. One need only refer to the Johannesburg trial of Dr. Moroka and nineteen others, where ial duty. Remember the case of Leballo of Brakpan who wormed himself into that Branch by producing f instances that emerged during the Johannesburg, Port Elizabeth and Kimberley trials. Whilst some of t

National Leadership Development Seminar 2010

AMA President’s Welcome

I am thrilled to welcome you to Australia’s capital and to the AMSA/ AMA NLDS. I have fond memories of attending NLDS myself in 2006 and I hope that you too will leave this year’s NLDS with fond memories. Indeed I hope you leave NLDS with new friends, new skills, new knowledge, and a greater awareness of and love for AMSA. A friend once told me that life is made up of opportunities, both the ones you miss and the ones you take. So with this in mind I encourage you to make the most opportunity; to challenge yourself, increase your skill set and meet new people. Don’t be afraid to ask that question playing on your mind, get up in front of the group in the public speaking workshop, or spark up a conversation with that good looking guy from Adelaide. Because before you know it NLDS will be over and you’ll be back elbow deep in Harrison’s wishing that you had. Many of AMSA’s recent leaders have been delegates at this event; indeed, it is rumoured that Barack Obama himself once attended NLDS. And so in the near future AMSA will look to people like you to represent Australia’s 15,000 medical students and take the association onward and upwards. I’m looking forward to meeting you / seeing you again at NLDS.

Benjamin Franklin once remarked that nothing was certain in this world but ‘death and taxes’. If he was talking to medical students he might also have added ‘and a responsibility to lead’. As a doctor it is a sure bet that you’ll be required to assume leadership positions – be that in a hospital, a practice or in the broader community. Being a good doctor means taking on obligations that will demand more of you than your clinical expertise. You will be expected to lead. If you don’t, the health system will suffer. That’s why opportunities like the AMSA /AMA National Leadership Development Seminar are so important. I hope that the seminar will inspire you to grow your capacity as a leader as well as giving you practical advice that you can apply throughout your career. I hope too that the seminar will inspire you to get involved in the broad leadership of your profession, and there’s no better place to do this than the Australian Medical Association. The AMA is the only national voice of all doctors. Our leadership role in the development of the health system is hard fought and under constant challenge. There are fewer doctors in responsible positions in health today than there were a generation ago. Doctors are at risk of becoming passive clinicians rather than clinical leaders. Your profession is relying on you, as part of the next generation of doctors, to contribute your voice, passion and intellect to ensure doctors have an ongoing role in the development of the health system that you will lead into the future. Good luck with the seminar and I look forward to meeting you in Canberra. Dr Andrew Pesce President Australian Medical Association


Ross Roberts-Thomson President Australian Medical Students’ Association


AMSA President’s Welcome

Thank You The Australian Medical Students’ Association would like to thank:

Do you know what issues are on AMSA’s radar?

The AMA who, as well as being an AMSA Major Partner, provide considerable support to the National Leadership Development Seminar and are recognised with the naming rights for this event

The AMSA/AMA NLDS could not possibly run without the generous support provided by these partners.

Quality clinical training and regulation of medical student numbers Following on from the Curtin issue, is the broader issue of quality control for our medical schools given recent large increases in medical student numbers. AMSA’s position is that there should be no further increases in medical student numbers until it can be assured that Australia has the necessary infrastructure and training opportunities to support the current increase in medical student numbers. AMSA believes that there should be a single national body to define and determine Australia’s quality clinical training capacity. This body should have the power to restrict total medical student numbers (including international students) based on rigorous assessment of a given university’s and given state’s capacity to provide quality clinical training to medical students. While we realise the enormity of this task, we feel this is essential for maintaining Australia’s high standard of medical education. Included in this general advocacy campaign will be a push to have the government contribution paid for Commonwealth Supported medical students


The Department of Health and Ageing and the office of the Health Minister, the Hon Nicola Roxon MP, for their continued generous support of the National Leadership Development Seminar.

Curtin University Medical School As you may be aware, Curtin University of Technology is attempting to open a third medical school in Western Australia. AMSA has significant concerns about this, particularly for the impact this will have on the quality of clinical training in Western Australia which by all accounts is already under severe strain following recent medical student increases. AMSA wrote to the Vice Chancellor of Curtin University who replied stating that Curtin was essentially committed to going ahead with the project and plans to take on their first round of students in 2014. We also met with Curtin to again raise our concerns. They stated they just need to get AMC accreditation and Commonwealth funding to ensure its success and this is where we are now focusing our energy. AMSA is continuing to lobby on this issue. We have spoken with DoHA, Nicola Roxon’s office, HWA and have written to the AMC and Education Minister about this issue. We plan on meeting with WA’s Health Minister in the near future.


AMSA is constantly advocating on a large number of issues affecting medical students and/or concerning medical education and training. Three of our biggest issues are summarised henceforth.

Melbourne MD Recently the University of Melbourne announced that it will be making drastic changes to its medical program. Melbourne will offer a four year Masters level ‘Doctor of Medicine’ (MD) as a part of its University-wide ‘Melbourne Model’ restructure. Concerningly, Melbourne announced it will be offering domestic fullfee paying places which is of concern because AMSA has the strong-held belief that education should be freely accessible to all Australians and that entrance into medical programs should be entirely merit-based. Of note, while there is a ban on domestic undergraduate full-fee paying places from the Federal Government, the Melbourne MD is a ‘Masters-level’ and therefore exempt from this ban. AMSA wrote to the Federal Health and Education Ministers and also to the University of Melbourne’s Dean Prof James Angus – who we subsequently met with to discuss this issue. The University of Western Australia has also told AMSA that it will be changing to a four year MD program, they gave this statement: “There will be no direct entry to undergraduate medicine in 2012 and into the future. Students aiming for entry to medicine in subsequent years will complete a bachelor degree and then compete for a place in a new fouryear Doctor of Medicine (MD) course (to be introduced in 2014)”. What we are beginning to see is the start of an ‘arms race’ in medical programs. With the significant recent increase in medical schools astute universities are looking to position themselves as the ‘premier’ medical school in Australia. AMSA is concerned that the old adage ‘a doctor is a doctor is a doctor’ will not hold true for long, and that we will have a two-tiered medical education system with the “MD” being capable of pulling in private students and more money and also the perception that because they are Masters-level the ‘MD’ is a superior medical degree.


Maps - MAP 1


to be increased. Although anecdotal, AMSA has gauged there is significant concern around the country that medical degrees are significantly underfunded and AMSA agrees. Indeed, several universities (Queensland and Melbourne) have gone on the public record saying that international students’ fees ‘prop up’ the medical education of domestic students. AMSA understands that the Medical Deans are conducting research into this area and we await some qualitative data on this.



These maps detail the major sites important in the NLDS programme. MAP 1 shows the greater Canberra area, and MAP 2 gives a closer view of the precinct around which NLDS centres.

3. Social Activities We have social activities organised for each night of NLDS. We strongly encourage you to participate in these events, and utilise the opportunity to meet other medical students from around Australia. As previously stated, it is your responsibility to make sure you leave the social venue at a time that will allow you to be fully functional the next day. But – please don’t leave on your own! Make sure you travel to and from social venues in groups of four or more. 4. Who to Contact If you have any questions, comments or concerns please approach either: Sam Kirchner (AMSA Public Relations). Ph 0415 680 763 Tom Crowhurst (AMSA National Coordinator). Ph 0439 810 678 Shayne McArthur (AMSA Executive Officer). Ph 0423 142 451


2. Professionalism Again, another essential characteristic of a great leader is professionalism. It is expected that each day you will be dressed and groomed appropriately in business/clinical attire. It is expected that you will treat our guest speakers with courtesy, and use appropriate titles when addressing them. We very much welcome delegates to disagree with our guests and to feel free to express this opinion during question time; however, it is expected that delegates will at all times remain professional and respectful when doing so. Sleeping/snoozing/napping/micro-sleeping or similar during the academic programme will not be tolerated under any circumstances. It is your responsibility to make sure you have had enough sleep to function from 9am until 5:30pm each day. Any delegate found dozing will be asked to leave for the remainder of the session and will not return until the next designated meal break. Sexist, racist, bigoted or unnecessarily hurtful comments will not be tolerated.


1. Punctuality Punctuality is an essential quality in a great leader. As such, tardiness will not be tolerated at NLDS. Delegates who do not arrive on time will not be allowed to participate in the session’s proceedings and will only be able to join the seminar at the designated meal break.


Breakfast Breakfast for the duration of NLDS will be provided at the Forrest Hotel and Apartments at the beginning of your day. If there are any problems with the provisions made for you, please call Tom Crowhurst (0439 810 678). Dietary Requirements We have attempted to cater for all dietary requirements. If your requirements are not being met, please contact Tom Crowhurst (0439 810 678) and he will ensure that you are provided for. Please do not feel in any way embarrassed to do this.

Programme Sunday 29 August 2010

There is no formal academic programme for Sunday. Delegates will arrive throughout the day. Evening Programme Dinner on Sunday will be provided to all delegates at Mecca Bah. Please attend at 1900 (7pm) and dress in smart casual. Mecca Bah is located at: 25 – 29 Manuka Terrace, Flinders Way, Manuka.

1330 – 1730 AMA House 3rd Floor Conference Room

Accommodation The accommodation for delegates is located at the Forrest Hotel and Apartments, which is a short walk from Parliament House and is generally within walking distance of other venues. The phone number of the Forrest Hotel and Apartments is 02 6295 3433 and it is located at: 30 National Cct | Forrest | ACT 2603.

0900 – 1330 Parliament House Theatre Room

Transport Unless otherwise specified, you will be required to catch a taxi from the airport to the accommodation on Sunday 29 August. You will also need to catch a taxi from AMA House to the airport on Wednesday 1 September; you are responsible for organising this transport. All other travel throughout NLDS will be by foot.



0800 – 0830

Breakfast – Forrest Inn


Depart Forrest Inn for Parliament House

0900 – 0915

AMSA Welcome Ross Roberts-Thomson, President of AMSA

0915 – 0945

AMA Welcome Dr Andrew Pesce, President of the AMA

0945 – 1030

Leadership Experiences from Afghanistan Colonel Jeff Brock, Senior Aviation Medical Officer and Pilot in the Australian Army

1030 – 1045

Morning Tea - Parliament House

1045 – 1130

Effective Leadership in Médecins Sans Frontières Field Work Dr Kamalini Lokuge OAM, Board Member and Experienced Field Medical Officer for Médecins Sans Frontières (Australia)

1130 – 1200

Reflections on Leadership Professor Nick Glasgow, Dean of the Australian National University Medical School

1200 – 1245

Satellite Presentation Australian Army Medical Corps, Afghanistan

1245 – 1300

Walk to AMA House

1300 – 1345

Lunch - AMA House

1345 – 1430

Effective Leadership for the AFP Commissioner Tony Negus APM, Commissioner of the Australian Federal Police

1430 – 1515

Pressures on the Future of Healthcare in Australia Dr Martin Van Der Weyden, Editor of the Medical Journal of Australia

1515 – 1530

Afternoon Tea - AMA House

1530 - 1615

Keynote Address Professor Jim Bishop AO, Chief Medical Officer

1615 – 1730

What Makes for a Good Leader in Medicine? Dr Kathryn Kirkpatrick, GP and RACGP Councillor

Evening Programme Dinner on Monday will be a Gala Dinner held at the ‘Cafe in the House’ within Old Parliament House. This will be a formal occasion so please dress appropriately. Old Parliament House: King George Terrace, Parkes. The event will begin at 1900 sharp. This should enable sufficient time to walk back to the Forrest Hotel and Apartments following the close of the Academic Programme at 1700, and then walk to Old Parliament House.


Help Line If you have problems of a logistical nature, please call Tom Crowhurst (0439 810 678) or Sam Kirchner (0415 680 763).


Monday 30 August 2010

Wednesday 1 September 2010





0800 – 0830

Breakfast - Forrest Inn

0800 – 0830

Breakfast – Forrest Inn


Depart Forrest Inn for Parliament House


Check out and Depart Forrest Inn for Parliament House

0900 – 0945

Leadership in Rural Medicine Dr Jeff Ayton, President of the Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine (ACRRM)

0845 – 0900

Workshop Briefing - Practical Advocacy Skills for Medical Students Drs Perry, Bonning and Mitchell

0945 – 1030

Seven Features of Ineffective Leaders Dr Andrew Perry, Immediate past Chair of the AMA Council of Doctors in Training The Rocky Road to Voluntary Euthenasia Law Reform - Are there Any Winners? Dr Phillip Nitschke, Euthanasia Campaigner and Director of Exit International

1130 – 1215

Can Our Future Medical Leaders be Role Models for Personal Resilience? Professor Simon Willcock, Professor and Head, Discipline of General Practice, Central Clinical School

1215 – 1315

Lunch - AMA House

1315 – 1545

Public Speaking Workshop Trevor Ambrose, public speaking coach from

1545 – 1600

Afternoon Tea - AMA House

1600 – 1730

Healthcare Reform Expert Panel Discussion

Evening Programme Dinner on Tuesday will be provided as delegates walk from AMA House to Old Parliament House. This will be take-away style food that can be eaten whilst walking. There will be a break before the ‘AMSA/AMA NLDS Delegate Debate’ at Old Parliament House, running from 7pm to 8:30pm.

Group 3 How to be an effective negotiator Dr Rob Mitchell

0945 – 1030

Leadership in an Academic Environment Professor Ian Chubb AC, Vice Chancellor of the Australian National University

1030 – 1045

Morning Tea – AMA House

1045 – 1130

Group 2 How to be an effective meeting participant Dr Andrew Perry

Group 3 How to be an effective communicator Dr Michael Bonning

Group 1 How to be an effective negotiator Dr Rob Mitchell

1130 – 1215

Group 3 How to be an effective meeting participant Dr Andrew Perry

Group 1 How to be an effective communicator Dr Michael Bonning

Group 2 How to be an effective negotiator Dr Rob Mitchell


Dr Mukesh Haikerwal, Former President of the AMA, Clinical Leader of the National E-Health Transitional Authority and General Practitioner in Melbourne Mr Mark Cormack, CEO of Health Workforce Australia Ms Jane Halton PSM, Secretary of the Federal Department of Health and Ageing Dr Andrew Pesce, President of the AMA Dr Michael Bonning, Chair of the AMA Council of Doctors in Training Mr Ross Roberts-Thomson, President of AMSA

Group 2 How to be an effective communicator Dr Michael Bonning

1215 – 1230

Workshop Debriefing Drs Perry, Bonning and Mitchell

1230 – 1315

Lunch – AMA House

1315 – 1345

Media Panel

1345 – 1445

AMSA Big Issues Session Ross Roberts-Thomson, Sam Whitehouse

1445 – 1500

NLDS Close Ross Roberts-Thomson


Morning Tea - Parliament House

1045 – 1130

Group 1 How to be an effective meeting participant Dr Andrew Perry


1030 – 1045

0900 – 0945

0845 – 1500 AMA House 3rd Floor Conference Room

1215 – 1730 AMA House 3rd Floor Conference Room

0900 – 1215 Parliament House Senate Room 2S1

Tuesday 31 August 2010

Colonel Jeff Brock Senior Aviation Medical Officer, HQ 16th Aviation Brigade Colonel Jeff Brock is the Senior Specialist in Aviation Medicine for the Australian Army, and is posted to Headquarters 16th Aviation Brigade in Brisbane. He is a Science Graduate of the Royal Military College, Duntroon; a Graduate in Medicine and Surgery of the University of Queensland, and qualified in Aviation Medicine with the Royal Air Force, Farnborough and Royal College of Physicians, London. He is an Army rotary wing pilot. Jeff enlisted in the Australian Regular Army in 1967 and has served as a full-time and reserve medical officer until now. Between 1995 and 1998, he was the Director of Aviation Medicine for the Civil Aviation Safety Authority of Australia. In recent years, he has had multiple deployments with the United Nations, the Army, Navy and Air Force to PNG, East Timor, Kuwait, Iraq and Afghanistan in various appointments including: Aeromedical Evacuation Operations Officer; Senior Medical Officer for the Coalition Naval Task Group, North Arabian Gulf; mass casualty trauma doctor;

Dr Kamalini Lokuge OAM Board Member and Experienced Field Medical Officer for Médecins Sans Frontières Kamalini Lokuge is a medical doctor, epidemiologist and board member of Médecins Sans Frontières Australia. Kamalini began working with Médecins Sans Frontières in 1997 in Afghanistan and since then has gone on to work with the organisation in Myanmar and Nigeria. In addition to her field placements, Kamalini also worked as Medical Epidemiologist and Health Advisor at Médecins Sans Frontières’ Operational Centre in Amsterdam. Now based in Canberra, Kamalini is a clinician in the accident and emergency departments of hospitals in the ACT and a Senior Lecturer at the Master of Applied Epidemiology Program at the Australian National University.


Dr Andrew Pesce President of the AMA Dr Pesce was elected Federal President of the Australian Medical Association (AMA) in May 2009. He is an Obstetrician and Gynaecologist who works both in private and public practice and has been Clinical Director of Women’s Health for Sydney West Area Health Service since 2006. Dr Pesce’s priorities as AMA President include engaging with government to influence national health policy debate for the benefit of patients, the medical profession and the broader community. He is also committed to increasing the AMA’s membership base. Dr Pesce graduated from The University of NSW in 1983 and became a Fellow of the Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists in 1990. He was awarded the Chris Hudson Fellowship for 1991-92, which enabled him to train at Whips Cross and St Bartholomew Hospitals in London. Dr Pesce is a strong supporter of medical students and of AMSA.

aeromedical evacuation team leader and primary health care physician. He is a civil and military on-scene accident investigator for major aviation, marine and rail accidents in Australia and overseas; and is a specialist advisor to various state police services, coroners and Australian Search and Rescue (AusSAR) on land and oceanic survival.

Professor Nick Glasgow Dean of the Australian National University Medical School Professor Glasgow is Dean, Medicine & Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Biology & Environment and Dean, ANU Medical School. Commissioner Tony Negus APM Commissioner of the Australian Federal Police Commissioner Tony Negus has been a member of the Australian Federal Police (AFP) since 1982. He holds a Masters Degree in Public Policy and Administration and a Graduate Diploma in Executive Leadership. Tony has completed the Executive Leadership Program at Harvard University, in the United States and is also a member of the Australian Institute of Company Directors. In June 2005 Tony was named in the Queen’s Birthday honours list and awarded the Australian Police Medal. During his career with the AFP, Tony has worked in a variety of fields, including community policing, federal investigations, training and protection. He has been the officer in charge of both the AFP Brisbane and Sydney Offices, as well as heading up the AFP’s protection responsibilities. On 19th October 2007 Tony was appointed Deputy Commissioner


Speakers’ Biographies Monday 30 August

Dr Kathryn Kirkpatrick MBBS, FRACGP, FACRRM, Grad Dip Health Studies (General Practice), General Practitioner and RACGP Councillor Dr Kathryn Kirkpatrick is Chair of the RACGP National Rural Faculty. After graduating in 1981 she worked for 10 years in aged care and community geriatrics before up-skilling to become a procedural rural general practitioner in a town of 1500 people. Subsequently, as Senior Lecturer in Rural General Practice, Kathryn helped establish the first rural general practice rotations for the post graduate medical course of Queensland University. She has also worked as a medical educator in general practice vocational training. Currently Kathryn is a

Professor Jim Bishop AO Chief Medical Officer Professor Jim Bishop AO is Chief Medical Officer for the Australian Government and is the principal medical adviser to the Minister and the Department of Health and Ageing. He plays a key, strategic role in developing and administering major health reforms for all Australians. In particular his close association with Australia’s medical fraternities and researchers will be crucial in the development of evidence based public health policy. Prior to his appointment Professor Bishop was a Professor of Cancer Medicine at the University of Sydney, Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians (FRACP) and a Fellow of the Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia (FRCPA) in haematology. He was awarded a Doctorate of Medicine by research thesis (Platelet Transfusion Therapy) in 1990 and a Master of Medicine by research thesis (Induction Therapy for Acute Myeloid Leukaemia) in 1999. Professor Bishop was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship to study medical oncology at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), USA from 1979 to 1981 and from 1981 to 1995 he was a consultant medical oncologist at the Peter MacCallum Cancer Institute in Melbourne. In 2008 Professor Bishop was made an Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) for service to medicine, particularly in the field of cancer treatment and research.


Dr Martin Van Der Weyden MD, FRACP, FRCPA Editor of the Medical Journal of Australia Martin Van Der Weyden has been Editor of The Medical Journal of Australia since 1995 and Chief Executive of the Australasian Medical Publishing Company from 1996 to 2009. A graduate of Sydney University Martin has had a varied and (?distinguished (sic)) career in academic and clinical medicine and hospital administration. On completion of his prevocational training at Sydney Hospital he was appointed as a Research Fellow in Clinical Haematology at Monash Medical School and The Alfred Hospital in Melbourne and subsequently he was a Merck Sharpe & Dohme International Fellow in Clinical Pharmacology and a National Science Foundation Fellow at Duke University Medical Centre, North Carolina. On return to Monash Medical School at Alfred Hospital Melbourne he was appointed as an NHMRC Research Fellow and, subsequently, Associate Professor of Medicine and Professor of Haematology. At the Alfred, he was a senior visiting physician and head of the Haematology Services. Not satisfied with these challenges he was recruited into administration as Chief of Investigative Medicine before joining The Medical Journal of Australia. Dr Van Der Weyden was awarded the Sussman Prize for Medical Research by the Royal Australasian College of Physicians in 1981. He is a member of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and a Director of the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME).

general practitioner in Dalby, Queensland; medical educator/rural advisor for Central and Southern Queensland Training Consortium; surveyor for RACGP training standards and senior lecturer in general practice.


Operations where he has responsibility for High Tech Crime Operations, Border activities, the AFP International Liaison Network, Economic and Special Operations, Forensics and the International Deployment Group. Commissioner Negus was sworn in as the Commissioner of the AFP on 7 September 2009 at Parliament House, and has responsibility for the operation and direction of the AFP as well as serving on various boards for other law enforcement agencies.

Dr Andrew Perry, MBBS Immediate past Chair of the AMA Council of Doctors in Training, Dr Andrew Perry is an Emergency Medicine Registrar in Adelaide, South Australia and is the Immediate Past Chair of the Australian Medical Association’s Council of Doctors in Training. He graduated from the University of Adelaide in 2004 and whilst a student there was heavily involved in student advocacy including several years on the committee of the Adelaide Medical Students’ Society. He subsequently became involved in the Australian Medical Students’ Association and sat on its Council for the last three years of his degree, including as Vice President in his final year. Since graduation he has sat on the AMA’s Council of Doctors in Training as the South Australian representative and last year was elected as its National Chair, a position he held until May of this year when his term finished. He

Dr Phillip Nitschke , PhD, MBBS, BSc (Hons) Euthanasia Campaigner and Director of Exit International For more than a decade, Dr Philip Nitschke has been the face of the voluntary euthanasia debate both in Australia and around the world. Philip came to prominence after becoming the first doctor in the world to administer a legal lethal voluntary injection to a terminally ill patient in 1996 under the Northern Territory’s Rights of the Terminally Ill Act. Philip has written and advocated extensively on the issue of end of life rights and is the co-author of two books, the banned Peaceful Pill eHandbook and Killing Me Softly: Voluntary Euthanasia and the Road to the Peaceful Pill (Penguin 2005). He is Director of Australia’s largest, and one of the world’s leading, Voluntary Euthanasia / Assisted Suicide information and advocacy nonprofits, Exit International. Philip holds a PhD in applied physics from Flinders University and is a graduate of the University of Sydney Medical School. Philip is married to sociologist and co-author Dr Fiona Stewart with whom he shares a passion for classic Russian motorbikes. With Fiona, Philip divides his time between Australia, the US and UK.


Dr Jeff Ayton, MBBS, MPH&TM, FRACGP, FACRRM, FACTM, AFFTM, DRANZCOG, DA (UK) President of the Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine (ACRRM) Dr Jeff Ayton commenced with the Australian Antarctic Division as Chief Medical Officer in 2002 with responsibility for the Australian Antarctic program medical support and human biology and medicine research. He is the current Australian delegate to Scientific Committee of Antarctic Research Life Sciences Scientific Group and Deputy Chief Officer of the SCAR Life Science Expert Group of Human Biology and Medicine and Australian member of MEDINET Antarctic medical support advisory group. In 1992, Jeff wintered at Casey Station, Antarctica, as a remote area general practitioner. He has subsequently gained varied experience in other rural and remote medical practices as a procedural general practitioner obstetrician/anaesthetist including Lorne Victoria, Norfolk Island South Pacific, and remote mine sites in Papua New Guinea. Jeff currently enjoys providing after hours services for rural Tasmania GP’s via GP Assist Tasmania on a regular basis. Jeff is the current ACRRM nominee Board Member to General Practice Training Tasmania, having worked closely with GPTT in developing expedition medicine and posts in Tasmania.

continues to sit on the AMA(SA) Council as an ordinary member. He has received a number of honours including the Adelaide Medical Students’ Society Patron’s Plate, AMA(SA) Student Medal, inaugural honorary life membership of AMSA, and AMA(SA) President’s award. He is a keen believer in the role of the doctor as a leader and as a result has a special interest in the aquisition of leadership skills by medical students and junior doctors.


Tuesday 30 August

Mr Trevor Ambrose Public speaking coach from Trevor Ambrose is the Executive Director of Pty Ltd. He holds a degree in Business Psychology and Sociology and is the author of Public Speaking Talk Sense, Talk with Confidence. He is a sought-after speaker in Australia and his interactive presentation style has helped many speakers break through the fear of Public Speaking and become influential speakers. Dr Mukesh Haikerwal, MB ChB, Dip IMC RCS (Ed), DRCOG, Cert FP Clinical Leader of the National E-Health Transitional Authority Dr Haikerwal is a General Medical Practitioner in Melbourne’s Western Suburbs where he has practised for over 17 years. He was the 19th National President of the Australian Medical Association in 2007 following 2 years as National vice president and 2 years as Victorian State President. He was a member of the National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission. He is currently working with the National E-Health Transition Authority (NEHTA) appraising the clinical health professional community of the benefits of vital role of IT in healthcare. Internationally, he is the Chair of the World Medical Association Finance and Planning Committee.


Mr Mark Cormack CEO of Health Workforce Australia Mark Cormack was appointed as the first Chief Executive Officer of Health Workforce Australia (HWA) in January 2010. HWA is Commonwealth statutory authority, enacted in 2009 following the COAG decision to establish a new national authority to plan, fund, research and deliver programs for the enhancement and development of Australia’s health workforce. Prior to this Mark was Chief Executive of ACT Health since July 2006 where he was responsible for the provision of public health, hospital and healthcare services to the ACT and region. Mark has previously filled a number of national roles in the public health care system as a member of the Australian Health Ministers Advisory Council (AHMAC), Chairman of the Health Policy Priorities Principal Committee (HPPPC) of AHMAC, and Board member of the National E-Health Transition Authority (NEHTA). Ms Jane Halton PSM Secretary of the Federal Department of Health and Ageing Jane Halton is Secretary of the Australian Department of Health and Ageing. She is responsible for all aspects of the operation of the Department including the provision of advice on and administration of Medicare, the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, Aged and Community Care, Population Health, regulation of Therapeutic Goods, plus hospital financing and Private Health Insurance. She also has responsibility for leadership on health security issues, including matters related to bioterrorism and sports policy. Prior to her appointment in January 2002 as Secretary of the Department of Health and Ageing, Jane Halton was Executive Coordinator, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (PM&C) and was responsible for advising on all aspects of Australian Government Social Policy including the Status of Women. Dr Michael Bonning, Chair of the AMA Council of Doctors in Training (CDT) Dr Michael Bonning is a Resident Medical Officer at the Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital where he plans to pursue a career in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. He currently serves as Chair of the AMA Council of Doctors in Training, and as a director of beyondblue: the national depression initiative. He is undertaking a Masters of Public Health at the University of Queensland and especially enjoys issues in


Professor Simon Willcock, MB BS(Hons), FRACGP Professor and Head, Discipline of General Practice, Central Clinical School Professor Simon Willcock is a general practitioner who has worked in both rural and urban NSW. He is Discipline Head of General Practice at the University of Sydney, and Associate Dean for Postgraduate Medical Education and Training in the Sydney Medical Program. His educational and research interests include musculoskeletal medicine, generational change in the medical workforce and the health of doctors. Professor Willcock is Director of the NSW Institute of Medical Education and Training (IMET) and a Board Director of General Practice and Education and Training Limited, which manages the Australian General Practice Training program on behalf of the Australian Government. Further, he is a board director of Health Workforce Australia. He is also a member director of the medical indemnity insurance provider AVANT.

international disease control. He was previously AMSA President in 2008 and since 2005 has been a serving officer in the Royal Australian Navy. In keeping with this, he has recently moved to the Sunshine Coast to enjoy some time at the beach.

Wednesday 1 September

Dr Rob Mitchell, MBBS(Hons), BMedSc(Hons) Deputy Chair of the AMA CDT Rob Mitchell is a Resident Medical Officer at Geelong Hospital, Victoria. He graduated MBBS (Hons) BMedSc (Hons) from Monash University in 2008 and plans to pursue vocational training in Emergency Medicine. Alongside his clinical duties, he holds the position of Deputy Chair of the Australian Medical Association’s Council of Doctors in Training (AMACDT) and is completing a Master of Public Health and Tropical Medicine through James Cook University. Rob has been heavily involved in professional representation since student days and in 2007 was National President of the Australian Medical Students’ Association. Outside of medicine, Rob enjoys running and the outdoors. He is a violist with Melbourne-based L’Encore String Quartet and a former member of the Bendigo Symphony Orchestra. Professor Ian Chubb AC, MSc DPhil Oxon, Hon DSc Flinders Vice-Chancellor and President of the Australian National University Professor Ian William Chubb was appointed Vice-Chancellor of The Australian National University in January 2001, having previously been Vice-Chancellor of Flinders University for six years (1995 to 2000). Professor Chubb began his university career as a neuroscientist. The recipient of a number of academic awards and named fellowships at the University of Ghent and Oxford University, he returned to Australia to take up a position in human physiology at Flinders University in 1977. He has published widely and has taught science and medical students at undergraduate and postgraduate level, and supervised research students. In June 2006, Professor Chubb was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia for “service to higher education including research and development policy in the pursuit of advancing the national interest socially, economically, culturally and environmentally and to the facilitation of a knowledge-based global economy”.

Do you know what else AMSA does? AMSA is the peak representative body for medical students in Australia. The key mandate of AMSA is to connect, inform and represent Australia’s 15,000 medical students. Each of the 19 medical schools in Australia elects a representative to sit on AMSA Council, which is the key decision-making body of the Association. AMSA’s core operations are aimed at realising its mandate include: Advocacy – AMSA advocates for medical students through policy development, advocacy campaigns and representation to governments, universities and relevant medical and medicopolitical bodies. AMSA has a strong grass-roots approach to policy development whereby AMSA Subcommittees at medical schools throughout the country are chaired by local AMSA Representatives and produce and review policy and initiatives. Events, programs and projects – Medical students from across the country are able to connect with peers by participating in AMSA’s renowned educational, social and leadership events and programs. Further, AMSA runs projects across several different areas including those designed to improve medical student health and wellbeing and others for community participation. Global and rural health – Global health, rural health and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health are important focus areas for AMSA and its members. AMSA provides specific opportunities for medical students to become actively involved in these areas while still studying, for example through AMSA’s popular Global Health Network. Publications – AMSA produces many publications which are distributed electronically and in hardcopy. These publications form a key conduit by which AMSA connects and informs Australian medical students.

e have discussed the shameful misdeeds of those who rule the country. Year after year, they have raised man exploitation and the whole policy of white domination. But instead of more freedom repression beg e country knows that their labours were not in vain for a new spirit and new ideas have gripped our peo ry and the year 1952 stands out as the year of this upsurge of national consciousness.
In June, 1952, th s of the downtrodden and oppressed people of South Africa, took the plunge and launched the Campa -three defiers in action and then in Johannesburg in the afternoon of the same day with one hundred an nts and the clergy; Africans, Coloureds, Indians and Europeans, old and young, all rallied to the national people of all races had defied. The Campaign called for immediate and heavy sacrifices. Workers lost th usinesses and elected to go to jail. Defiance was a step of great political significance. It released strong cally; a powerful method of voicing our indignation against the reactionary policies of the Government. ty of the State. It inspired and aroused our people from a conquered and servile community of yes-men e the forces of liberation were locked up in immortal conflict against those of reaction and evil. Our flag om were advancing on all fronts. It was against this background and at the height of this Campaign that erence was a welcome reception for those who had returned from the battlefields and a farewell to thos r totally different conditions. By the end of July last year, the Campaign had reached a stage where it ha actionary offensive and struck at us. Between July last year and August this year forty-seven leading me hing the Defiance Campaign and given suspended sentences ranging from three months to two years o passed which prohibited meetings of more than ten Africans and made it an offence for any person to ca red pounds. In March this year the Government passed the so-called Public Safety Act which empowere ods of suppressing our movement. Almost simultaneously, the Criminal Laws Amendment Act was passe ping of defiers including women. It was under this Act that Mr. Arthur Matlala who was the local [leader eight strokes by the Magistrate of Villa Nora. The Government also made extensive use of the Suppress Marks, David Bopape and Johnson Ngwevela to resign from the Congresses and many other organisatio s, and David Bopape did not attend our last provincial Conference. In December last year, the Secretary this year, the President-General, Chief Luthuli, whilst in the midst of a national tour which he was prosec rings and from visiting Durban, Johannesburg, Cape Town, Port Elizabeth and many other centres. A fe r notice. Many other active workers both from the African and Indian Congresses and from trade union il when the Campaign was launched in June 1952. The tide of defiance was bound to recede and we we to overcome them and evolve new plans of political struggle. A political movement must keep in touch ed resolutions out of touch with the objective conditions do not bring about mass action and can do a g orms of political struggle. We had to recuperate our strength and muster our forces for another and mo al and stupid. The conditions under which we meet today are, therefore, vastly different. The Defiance c mass meetings, press statements and leaflets calling upon the people to go to action have become ext ces of the ANC, few newspapers will publish statements openly criticising the policies of the Governme trial action for fear of prosecution under the Suppression of Communism Act and similar measures. Thes tion on a higher level than the Defiance Campaign. The Government, alarmed at the indomitable upsurg tives of the people from the organisations. According to a statement made by Swart in Parliament on th d with notices in terms of the Suppression of Communism Act. This does not include that formidable arr have been banned under the Riotous Assemblies Act.

Meanwhile the living conditions of the people, alr essively declining and the cost of living is rocketing. Bread is now dearer than it was two months ago. T d them. The people are too poor to have enough food to feed their families and children. They cannot af ess, disability, old age and where these exist, they are of an extremely inferior and useless nature. Becau se, leprosy, pellagra, and infantile mortality is very high. The recent state budget made provision for the on of the population - the African people. The insane policies of the Government which have brought ab through which the country is now passing is forcing many industrial and business concerns to close dow will perhaps recall the investigations and exposures of the semi-slave conditions on the Bethal farms mad this year. You will recall how human beings, wearing only sacks with holes for their heads and arms, nev will remember how they are woken up as early as 4 a. m. and taken to work on the fields with the induna exhaustion. You will also recall the story of human beings toiling pathetically from the early hours of the s. People falling ill and never once being given medical attention. You will also recall the revolting story o g water into his mouth whenever he cried for water. These things which have long vanished from many duty bound to find an effective remedy for these obnoxious practices. 

The Government has introduce he Minister of Labour, Ben Schoeman, openly stated that the aim of this wicked measure is to bleed Afri prove their position. The aim of the measure is to destroy the present African trade unions which are co al Native Labour Board controlled by the Government and which will be used to frustrate the legitimate bjects of the Bantu Education Bill. According to him the aim of this law is to teach our children that Afric een black and white. When this Bill becomes law, it will not be the parents but the Department of Nativ en of those who criticise the Government and who fight its policies will almost certainly be taught how ege of those children whose families have a tradition of collaboration with the ruling circles.

The attitud ast provincial Conference strongly condemned the then proposed Labour Bill as a measure designed to r unions. Conference further called upon the African workers to boycott and defy the application of this e even in a qualified manner would be a betrayal of the toiling masses. At a time when every genuine C one has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests, we declare our firm ation; that education shall be directed to the full development of human personality and to the strength g the nations, racial or religious groups and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the mai 

The cumulative effect of all these measures is to prop up and perpetuate the artificial and decaying po atons and trample them under our feet. We must be ready to drown the whole country in blood if only nvolk idea of the supremacy of the whites. In China, India, Indonesia and Korea, American, British, Dutch ctly exploded. In Malaya and Indo-China British and French imperialisms are being shaken to their found ans as against 4,000,000 Europeans. The entire continent is seething with discontent and already there a essed people and the oppressors are at loggerheads. The day of reckoning between the forces of freedo revail.

The intensification of repressions and the extensive use of the bans is designed to immobilise ev d laws provided the oppressors with years of peace and quiet. The racial policies of the Government ha essed people have never been more bitter. If the ruling circles seek to maintain their position by such inh e compels them to resist to the death the stinking policies of the gangsters that rule our country.

But in een considerably raised and they are now more conscious of their strength. Action has become the lang opment of the highest importance because in a country such as ours a political organisation that does n ers of trade union organisations are at the same time important officials of the provincial and local branc uestion of a united front of all the oppressed groups, the various non-European organisations stood mile seemed that the day would never dawn when the oppressed people would stand and fight together sh ged through their respective autonomous organisations, is gravitating towards one central command.

O mption of the offensive. To achieve this important task the National Executive of the ANC in consultation and the highest importance is [given] to it by the National Executives. Instructions were given to all prov r possible to wage our struggle mainly on the old methods of public meetings and printed circulars. The to every member of the organisation without calling public meetings, issuing press statements and prin gth and will of the people; 

to extend and strengthen the ties between Congress and the people and to other provinces and is producing excellent results. This text is an excerpt from Nelson Mandela’sThe Re e 6th September, 1953, which were attended by large crowds, speech “No Easy Road to Freedom” are al to all members of the Congress to redouble their efforts and September 21st, 1953 play their part tru nisation through a house to house campaign in every locality must be done by you all. From now on the work among the masses, work which will enable them to make the greatest possible contact with the w you must hold them over your machines in the factories, on the trains and buses as you travel home. You e our people live, a branch of the trade union movement and never surrender.

You must defend the righ ans are not one iota inferior to Europeans. Establish your own community schools where the right kind o you must make every home, every shack or rickety structure a centre of learning for our children. Neve velop considerably wider contacts between itself and the masses and the urge to join Congress grew da members was not carried out satisfactorily. No careful examination was made of their past history and p plitters, saboteurs, agents-provocateurs to informers and even policemen, who infiltrated into the ranks ress who actually worked at the National Headquarters, turned out to be a detective-sergeant on speci s from the Liquidator, De Villiers Louw, who had instructions to spy on us. There are many other similar


AMSA/AMA NLDS 2010 - Programme

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