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RUI GUAN

WORK SAMPLE

M.S. AAD | COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY | 2011_2017 SELECTED WORKS


RUI GUAN WORK SAMPLE

City, as an accumulation of human civilization and the foundation of modern society, has always been my concern and interest. In my understanding, there is no clear difference between designing a building and designing the city. Every time you built, no matter what scale or function, you change the city on its structure, view or lifestyle. It is a choice for every architect, to take the responsibility or to ignore it; to create bonuses or to make problems. I have been constantly working on the "bonus way" in my graduate year. As presented in my work sample, projects are selected to show different responsive ways to city issues -- to modify the metabolism of Coney Island Beach in urbanization process; to create Full Food Chain in urtinsa industrial area; to develop a more efficient public transportation method, to create a staging urbanism, to bring publicness to community, to intervene historical building, to generate different living scenes, to reporgram and rethink the relationship between community and parking, to transform disappearing hutong area, to design a fusion chinese restaurant. Each project generates the concept from a city problem and follows a clear logic to complete the architectural design and create bonus for city. In a word, my design methodology is to make the city a better place rather than make the architecture an artwork.

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ACADEMIC WORKS 01 BODILY URBANISM Defining coney island beach frontline

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02 VERTICAL OCCUPATION Correcting urtinsa industrial area through typological method

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03 EFFICIENT TRANSPORTATION Expanding terminal T2 for Ningbo Lishe International Airport

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04 STAGING URBANIZATION Replacing urban village in Maqun

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05 DUAL PUBLICNESS Bringing publicness through cultural and art center

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06 RENEWAL AND DERIVATION Intervening historical building in Campus

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07 COURTYARD HABITAT Developing high-rising residential area in Nanjing

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08 COMMUNITY PARKINGLOT Reprograming and reshaping local lifestyle

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PROFESSIONAL WORKS 09 MICRO HEYUAN`ER Transforming and intervening Beijing Hutong area

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10 THE TANG HOTPOT Designing a fusion chinese fine-dining restaurant

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01 BODILY URBANISM

Acadamic work of defining coney island beach frontline Critic: Andres Jaque; Collaborater: Zhe Cao; Location: Coney Island Beach, Brooklyn, New York Coney Island is a peninsular residential neighborhood, beach, and entertainment destination on the Lower Bay in the southwestern part of the borough of Brooklyn, New York City. The Coney Island beach is consisted of the metabolism and the expansion of metabolism of every actors on the beach. Metabolism and the expansion of metabolism in these context indicates the chemical reactions involved in a human or animal body. And the expansion of metabolism collaborating or coordination between creatures and artificial constructions, as in machineries, urban architectures, and infrastructures.

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RUI GUAN WORK SAMPLE

The Metabolism of Coney Island Metabolism and the expansion of metabolism in these context indicates the chemical reactions involved in a human or animal body. And the expansion of metabolism collaborating or coordination between creatures and artificial constructions, as in machineries, urban architectures, and infrastructures.

Endocrine System

Digestive System

Nervous System

Urinary System

People will generate different extent of hormone when they play in the Thunderbolt, the Roller Coaster, the wonder wheel because of the fast movement of their bodies.

The rise of adrenaline leads to faster heart breaking, blood flowing and the rise of blood sugar which make people hungry. The food service on the beach affect people`s digestive system.

The nervous system was affected by every single movement on the beach. People can feel the great views of the beach, the smell from the Nathan’s hotdog, the temperature of seawater, the wind flowing through faces.

The rise of adrenaline leads to faster heart breaking, blood flowing and the rise of blood sugar which make people hungry. The food service on the beach affect people`s urinary system.

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Another side of Metabolism The metabolical process accumulates conflicts and complicities. The toxicity accumulates in the water and absorbed by creature and intake by human that eventually affects human metabolism; the hotdog made by chopped pork that contains large amount of excessive of energy. All 12 cases has their complicities.

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RUI GUAN WORK SAMPLE

NEW DOMESTICITY Residential Innovation Introduce a new type of domesticity. By adding the modular structure of living/ resorting unit. With the help of which lowered the density of space and introduce new expansion of life.

MUTATING KIOSKS Sensitive Installation Modular kiosks which has wind/sunlight sensor. Adapting/reacting to the weather change and the human need.

FERRY TERMINAL Metabolic Incorporation Connect the beach and the urban center. Reduce the time of using the beach and make the beach more recreational. People get into the carbin of the ferry, which is also the capsule of ride.

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BLADDER OF CONEY Purification Rotating Intake water from the sewage system. Cleaning water adjusting the water system and further purify the marine creatures.

NOMADIC NATHAN`S Infrustructuralization Accelerate the body perfor mance of urbanism by making the Nathan’s a giant infrastr ucture, it’s a ter minal of urban infrastructure.

CIRCULAR RIDE Hibrid Amusement The circular ride connect all the rides and the fun places in Coney. At the same time the ride works as a transportation system that send people to places.

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02 VERTICAL OCCUPATION

Acadamic work of correcting urtinsa industrial area through typological method Critic: Juan Herreros; Collaborater: Wenzhao Zhang; Location: Alcorcon, Madrid, Spain Observing the current disjointed relationship between agricultural production and city life, the project aims to create a different scenario where the food production is synthesized with everyday living. The proposal aims to use the existing factories on site as an infrastructure and bring in a new layer of food production from growing to production and finally consumption. Not in the previous disjointed way but integrated as a new contemporary agricultural industrial way. By combining the food production with living scenes, these industrial elements could become an artificial nature on this monotonous site and generate a new living experience.

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RUI GUAN WORK SAMPLE

Intergrated Living Scene Based on different types of factories on site, we developed three basic typology-correction types. All typologies have similar approaches but adapt differently to their environment. The original factories on site are preserved and adapted into new food factories and community market. Then the vertical green houses are inserted to maximize sunlight and production rate.

SPAIN 54% Argricultural land Total 25,600,000 ha of the land. 6.4% of population working in agriculture industry and produce 3% of the GDP.

MADRID 48% Argriculture land in the community if Madrid. Main crops in Madrid: Vine Grapes, Cereals, Olives and vegetables.

ALCORCON 1% of the 2,700 companies in Alcorcon are related with argriculture

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Agricultural System The section and plan demostrate more clearly how the system works inside two different blocks. The large greenhouse adjacent to the residential units contains a water system that uss the spiral pipes to hydroponically grow tomato on them and below we have a transportation system which can move the raw material to the factory and market.

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RUI GUAN WORK SAMPLE

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Construction Detail In order to fully utilize the space on top of the existing factory, we transformed them into growing space that gradually step down the roof slope. The detail design reflects such relationship of new over old. The original structure, the beautiful steel truss, is kept and then reinforced to hold the load of new irrigation system and soil on top of the light roof.

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03 EFFICIENT TRANSPORTATION

Acadamic work of expanding terminal T2 for Ningbo Lishe International Airport Critic: Wenyan Gao, Ying Zhou; Collaborater: Hongyu Zhang; Location: Lishe, Ningbo, China How to improve the traditional circulation for clarity and efficiency? How to maximize the potential of airport configuration concerning accessibility and economy? How to balance the structure requirement for long-span space and comfort level? In the Ningbo Lishe airport Terminal 2 addition project, the design generates from three aspects including configuration, circulation and structure, focusing on the improvement of efficiency and space. In terms of circulation, the vertical strategy is used to separate different streams of people, which highly improves efficiency. The structure system combines the long-span space and the concept of the bamboo weaving, creating high-quality interior space.

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Traffic System Analysis TERMINAL 1

TERMINAL 2

depart

arrive

park

encircle

Circulation Concept Simplifying the circulation of transferring is the most human-friendly design. Centralizing these procedures of transfering is the key point. So, i divide the airport vertically into four parts. All the transfering processes are on the central part of the airport so that everyone can get to the 'transferring region‘ easily.

INTERNATIONAL DEPART INTERNATIONAL ARRIVE DOMESTIC ARRIVE

DOMESTIC DEPART

ALL ARRIVE INTERNATIONAL to INTERNATIONAL

TRANSFERRING REGION

INTERNATIONAL to DOMESTIC DOMESTIC to INTERNATIONAL

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Circulation Analysis

Domestic Depart

Domestic Arrive

Domestic Transfer

International Depart

International Arrive

International Transfer

Staff Circulation

Traffic Center

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Domestic departure distant apron International departure distant apron Baggage section Domestic arrival baggage claim International arrival baggage claim Customs inspection counter Arrival lounge Arrival curbside platform Coach station Commercial area VVIP departure VVIP arrival Bus parking lot Car parking lot

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International arrival hall To international transfer counter To domestic transfer counter Domestic check-in counter International check-in counter To international departure hall Main entrance Departure curbside platform Restaurant


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RUI GUAN WORK SAMPLE

202 Urban village- Niuwangmiao In demolition money dispute

Urban village- Chenjiayuan Starting process of remove

Start of Maqun Complex

︵ Original urban village- Wanjialou ︶

Nanwan Yingwen Garden

Villagers moved to other district , far away from original home.

︵ Original urban village- Wujiadun ︶

Nanjing No.1 Middle School

2018 Villagers spent 5 years of tough time during construction.

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2016 2014 2012 2010 2008 2006 2004


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Stage 3 completed A regular active urban life stats in this area.

Unnamed Residence

Villagers spent 6 years of construction time in Maqun complex.

Stage 2 completed Villagers move from contemporary housing to new apartments

Stage 1 completed Villagers from Fujunwei move in and start a life

︾ Original urban village- Fujunwei ︜

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04 STAGING URBANIZATION Acadamic work of replacing urban village in Maqun Critic: Peng Tang, Yang Shen; Location: Maqun, Nanjing, China

The process of China's urbanization can be rewritten as an embarrassing history of urban villages while they emergy and fade. In the case of construction of urban complex in Maqun against local urban villages, I offer a solution concerning the dimension of time in urbanization. The specific dtrategy as "growth pattern of construction" concludes main public space as base of growth construction, three stages of construction matching with urban villages' transformation and technical method. Hopefully it may provide a fresh new way of thinking in China's urbanization process.

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RUI GUAN WORK SAMPLE

1-1 Urban villages and existing metro line.

1-2 Transfer station and three lines to be built.

1-3 Time Line guides the stream of people.

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2-1 Urban villages being removed.

2-2 Basic housing as temporary shelter for urban villagers.

2-3 Time Line offers space for farmland in stage 1.

3-1 Surrounding areas are about to develope.

3-2 Original residents move into newlybuilt buildings or other parts of the city.

3-3 Time Line offers green space as city park in stage 2.

1-4 Public building as the end of the "line".

2-4 Meanwhile the other three buildings are under construction.

3-4 Meanwhile the three podiums are under the additional construction.

1-5 Three podiums as basic housing for urban villagers.

2-5 While urban villages are entirely removed.

3-5 Time Line turns into pedestrian area for shopping and activities.

The end of Stage 1.

The end of Stage 2.

The end of Stage 3.


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Oct 01, 2022

Nov 25, 2026

Jun 01, 2030

During three stages of construction, the view on the site gradually changes. Trees grow higher, buildings rise, farmland turns into green space, more and more people and shops and enterprises gather around. The construction period itself is a brief history of urbanization, as well as a piece of valuable memory for local people.

Light rail No.2 Inter-city rail

Light rail No.7

Shot Cut

Light rail No.13

TIME AXIS cirulation Temporary housing cirulation

TIME AXIS cirulation Department cirulation

Ticket Entrance Shot Cut Terminal cirulation TIME AXIS cirulation Commercial cirulation Vehicle cirulation

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RUI GUAN WORK SAMPLE

Ⅲ Pedestrian S

Ⅳ Dry Skating Arena

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â… Main Entrance

Street

â…ĄPlatform along river

05 DUAL PUBLICNESS

Acadamic work of bringing publicness through cultural and art center Critic: Li Bao; Individual work; Location: Nanjing, Jiangsu, China The lack of public space is not an unusal problem in Chinese cities, while public buildings carries most responsibillity to improve the situation.The site of the project is a typical case of this situation. The broadened fast road on the north and narrow alleys on the community side largely limit the area where social activities could happen. In the design, I created two layers of publicness, considering the actural operation of the theater. One is autonomous publicness while the other is urban publicness, each focuses on the interior/ exterior space, and activities as an audience/ an normal visiter. Both of them benefits from the view of the river. With the dual publicness, the cultural and art center can serve a large area as a active factor in the city.

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Sealing material Aluminum plate Shield plate Parting stop Double glazing glass Binder plate Fixed link frame Sectional material Rib floor Huge Structure Suspended ceiling Space truss


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06 RENEWAL AND DERIVATION Acadamic work of intervening historical building in Campus Critic: Peng Tang; Individual work; Location: Nanjing, Jiangsu, China

Shatangyuan Canteen is located across from the campus gate, designed by YangTingbao in 1950s and has been serving students for 63 years. The rennovation project focuses on form, space and function of it, turning the canteen into a multi-functional student activity center. In my design, the old-new relationship is carefully designed. On the one hand, the new response to the old in several ways, including axis, space, roof and material. On the other hand, the new activates the old in several ways including function and circulation. The two parts work together, creating quality interior and exterior space. Besides, the structure and construction issues are emphasized in the design.

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Main hall of canteen Canteen cafe Garden Kitchen Multi-function hall Casual cafe Rehearsal room Archives Students` association Exhibition Connecting bridge Reading salon


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RUI GUAN WORK SAMPLE

07 COURTYARD HABITAT

Acadamic work of developing high-rising residential area in Nanjing Critic: Meiying Zhang; Collaborater: Feng Zhao; Location: Nanjing, Jiangsu, China The living pattern of nowaday residents are changing over time. The long working hours and high mental pressure of younger generation, parents of them have to help their children with their daily life. Therefore, a new living pattern has to be established. The project discusses the possibility to reorganize the two generations. The traditinal method is to create two apartments on the same level that is separately designed for both generations. However, the traditional method still has shortcomings because the two generations still live in different ways. The intention is to organize different people on different levels and to create public space suitable for different types of users.

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RUI GUAN WORK SAMPLE

08 COMMUNITY PARKINGLOT Acadamic work of reprograming and reshaping local lifestyle Critic: Hao Gan; Individual work; Location: Nanjing, Jiangsu, China

The city center of Nanjing is facing the difficulty of parking and lack of public space. Community in Baishanting area do not have enough space for so many cars. The site nears the city wall and Xuanwu lake which is the most important public park in Nanjing. The design intends to create a vertical parking space for the community, at the same time, provides more retailing and recreation space for people from the neighborhood. From detail to the urban context, the building response to issues in different scales. On high level of the building, it provides great view for neighbors. On ground floor, there are cafe, small library, convenient stores serving the community.

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RUI GUAN WORK SAMPLE

09 MICRO HEYUAN`ER

Professional work of transforming and intervening Beijing Hutong area Collaborating Architect: Zhangke, Shujun Fang; Location: Dashilar, Beijing, China Concept: Remove the old facade, keep the original U shape to create quietness and use the functional module to intervene the interior space.

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10 THE TANG HOTPOT

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Professional work of designing a fusion chinese fine-dining restaurant Collaborating architect: Sidong Lang, Location, Bowery St, Manhattan, New York Concept: Introduce the Chinese traditional food hotpot to New York. Create a fusion of not only the space, but also interior objects, furniture, facades.

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