Page 1

A L E X L A R C O M B E

2 1 1 3 1 0 2 2 7

S R D 3 6 4 S U P E R S T U D I O

W A N D E R I N G H U T O N G


CONTENTS DESIGN BRIEF OVERVIEW.............1 SOCIAL FABRIC RESEARCH............2 SETTLEMENT ANALOGY CONCEPT........4 ACTIVITIES AND SPACES.............6 ARRANGEMENT 1 FLOOR PLANS................10 ELEVATIONS.................12 SECTION....................13 PERSPECTIVE................14 SETTLEMENT TEMPORALITY.....15 CONSTRUCTION PROCESS.......17 ARRANGEMENT 2 FLOOR PLANS................19 SECTION....................21 MODULE DETAILS...................22

PAGE i

W A N D E R I N G H U T O N G


DESIGN BRIEF OVERVIEW

“…HALF OF THE WORLD'S NEW BUILDING CONSTRUCTION WILL TAKE PLACE IN CHINA BETWEEN NOW (2010) AND 2015… DRIVING A SIGNIFICANT PART OF THIS UNPRECEDENTED GROWTH IRONICALLY IS A SEGMENT OF THE POPULATION NOT OFFICIALLY RECOGNIZED AS RESIDENTS OF THE CITY ITSELF. RURAL MIGRANT WORKERS, ACCOUNTING FOR 17% OF SHANGHAI’S POPULATION, A FIGURE GROWING ANNUALLY… NOT SURPRISINGLY, THE ENORMITY OF THE MIGRANT POPULATION PUTS HUGE STRAINS ON INFRASTRUCTURE, RESOURCES AND EXACERBATES A WIDENING SOCIAL DIVIDE ROOTED IN DIALECT, EDUCATION AND WEALTH...

Image Source: 41.media.tumblr.com

… INNER-CITY SLUMS ARE A MAJOR RECEPTOR OF NEW MIGRANTS KNOWN AS BRIDGEHEADERS WHO CONSIDER PROXIMITY TO EMPLOYMENT THEIR HIGHEST PRIORITY, EVEN AT THE EXPENSE OF QUALITY OF HOUSING. URBAN ENTERPRISES RECOGNIZING THIS OPPORTUNITY OPTED TO PROVIDE HOUSING FOR RURAL MIGRANTS TO LIVE IN. CURRENTLY, AN ESTIMATED TWO-THIRDS OF MIGRANTS LIVE ON THE CONSTRUCTION SITES THEY WORK ON.” STEPHEN ALTON, CONSTRUCTION WORKER HOUSING IN SHANGHAI INVESTIGATIONS OF URBAN MOBILITY, PART 1-2.

THIS PROJECT LOOKS TO ADDRESS THESE ISSUES AND PROVIDE A TEMPORARY SETTLEMENT FOR THE MIGRANT CONSTRUCTION WORKER.

PAGE 1


SOCIAL FABRIC RESEARCH

HUTONGS:

ARE THE ALLEYWAYS RUNNING THROUGH THE HOUSING. THE COMMUNITY USE THE HUTONG AS THEIR MAIN SOCIAL SPACE. THE LIVING IS DONE OUT DOORS IN THE HUTONG WHERE MOST ACTIVITIES ARE TAKEN PLACE. RESIDENCE LOUNGE IN THE STREETS NOT INSIDE THERE HOMES.

Image Source: www.trbimg.com

HUKOU:

EACH TOWN AND CITY ISSUED ITS OWN DOMESTIC PASSPORT OR HUKOU, WHICH GAVE RESIDENTS ACCESS TO SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES IN THAT JURISDICTION. INTRODUCED BY THE COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT IN 1958 AND WAS DESIGNED TO FACILITATE THREE MAIN PROGRAMS: GOVERNMENT WELFARE AND RESOURCE DISTRIBUTION, INTERNAL MIGRATION CONTROL, AND CRIMINAL SURVEILLANCE.

Image Source: http-tc.pbs.org/

PAGE 2


FAMILY LIFE & COMMUNICATION:

DUE TO THE HUKOU CHILDREN CAN BE SEPARATED FROM THEIR PARENTS FOR YEARS ON END DUE TO THIS. LACKING A FORM OF COMMUNICATION TO REACH THEIR FAMILY’S ALSO LEADS TO A GREATER SENSE OF DISTANCE.

Image Source: images.china.cn

HEALTH CARE:

FOR MIGRANT FAMILIES ON A LOW INCOME, THE COST OF SEEING A DOCTOR IN CHINA’S COMMERCIALIZED HEALTH CARE SYSTEM CAN BE EXCESSIVELY EXPENSIVE.

Image Source: darkroom.baltimoresun.com

MENTAL HEALTH:

LONG TERM SEPARATION FROM THEIR FAMILY CAN LEAD TO MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES. THE LIVING CONDITIONS ON SITE CAN ALSO LEAD TO THE WORKERS LOOSING A SENSE OF BELONGING.

Image Source: amazonaws.com

EDUCATION:

CHILDREN THAT DO COME TO THE CITY ARE VERY RESTRICTED OR UNABLE TO ATTEND SCHOOLING DUE TO THE HUKOU. EDUCATION CAN ALSO BECOME VERY EXPENSE WITH A LACK GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE.

Image Source: www.china-mike.com

PAGE 3


SETTLEMENT ANALOGY CONCEPT ANALOGY: LAYERS

THE PROJECTS STARING POINT WAS WITH SETTLE PRECEDENCE CREATING A COLLAGE WITH A ABSTRACT IMAGE THAT LINKED TO THE SETTLEMENT.

Image Source: thebroad.org

Image Source: maps.thefullwiki.org/Troy

LAYERS OF USE IN HUTONGS:

THE PRIVATE SPACES (FIGURE) ARE THE MOST DOMINATE, BUT HOLD THE LEAST USE AND MINIMAL TIME IS SPENT IN THEM. PRIVATE SPACE COMMUNAL SPACE

THE HOUSING NOW TAKES ON THE SKINNY FORM OF THE HUTONG, AND THE COMMUNAL SPACE NOW BECOMES MORE OPEN, AND CREATES POSSIBILITIES FOR LARGER SCALE ACTIVITIES

PAGE 4


CONCEPT

DEVELOPMENT

RESOLUTION PAGE 5


ACTIVITIES AND SPACES

CONNECTION:

THE ACTIVITIES THAT THE WORKERS UNDERTAKE, HELP SHAPE THE TYPES OF SPACE THAT WILL BE SUITED TO THE SETTLEMENT. THE SOCIAL ACTIVITIES UNDERTAKEN CAN BE LOOKED AT AS FORMS OF CREATING CONNECTION. TO FAMILY, TO THE SURROUNDINGS, AND TO EACH OTHER. THESE THEMES OF CONNECTION DEFINED THE TYPES OF SPACES THAT CAN CREATE A SENSE OF COMMUNITY WITHIN THE SETTLEMENT.

Image Source: http-tc.pbs.org/

PAGE 6


MODULAR UNIT SPACES ADDRESSING THE SOCIAL FABRIC (1:200) OTHER THAN THE NECESSITIES OF LIFE, THE SOCIAL ISSUES LINKED TO MIGRANT WORKS CAN BE ADDRESSED IN THE SPACES PROVIDED.

(TW): TEMPORARY WALLS THESE MODULES HAVE THREE TEMPORARY WALL WHICH CAN BE INSERTED AND TAKEN OUT, TO JOIN MULTIPLE UNITS TOGETHER

MC: MEDIA CENTRE (TW)

INTERNET ACCESS AND VIDEO CALLING FACILITIES SO THE RESIDENTS CAN REACH THEIR FAMILIES.

HC: HEALTH CARE FACILITIES (TW)

HEALTH CARE OFFICE ON SITE FOR THE RESIDENTS LIVING ON SITE.

ED: EDUCATION FACILITIES (TW) FACILITIES FOR THE CHILDREN STAYING WITH PARENTS ON SITE, AS WELL AS ADULT EDUCATION.

CC: CHILD CARE FACILITIES (TW)

CHILD CARE FACILITIES ON SITE TO ACCOMMODATE FOR THE CHILDREN WITH TWO WORKING PARENTS.

PAGE 7


MODULAR UNIT SPACES CONTINUED (1:200)

RP: RESIDENTIAL POD

ARRANGEMENT FOR ONE OR TWO RESIDENCE WITH STORAGE AND BEDDING

RPD: DOUBLE RESIDENTIAL POD

ARRANGEMENT FOR TWO TO FOUR RESIDENCE WITH STORAGE AND BEDDING. USED FOR FAMILIES OR SHARED GROUPS

LP: LEISURE POD

POD CONTAINING LEISURE RELATED MODULAR WALL UNITS

L: LEISURE UNIT (TW) THE LEISURE UNITS CAN HOUSE DINNING FACILITIES, GAMING TABLES AND LOUNGE SPACES.

K: KITCHEN UNIT

THE KITCHEN UNIT IT MADE UP OF MICRO KITCHEN COOKING AREAS FOR THE USE OF THE RESIDENTS

PAGE 8


MODULAR UNIT SPACES CONTINUED (1:200)

LDRY: LAUNDRY UNIT (TW) PROVIDES FACILITIES FOR RESIDENTS TO CLEAN THEIR CLOTHES ST: STORAGE UNIT (TW) THE UNITS CONTAIN ADDITION TABLES, CHAIRS AND OTHER ELEMENTS USED IN CONSTRUCTION WC: WATER CLOSET UNIT

CONTAINS THREE TOILET CUBICLES AND BASINS

B: BATHING UNIT

CONTAINS THREE CUBICLES. BASIN TAP FITTING WITH EXTENDABLE HOSE CONVERTS INTO SHOWER UNIT

G: GARDENING UNIT

CONTAINS FOUR GARDEN BEDS FOR LEISURE PURPOSES. PLANTS WILL GROW PRODUCE FOR THE KITCHEN SUCH AS VEGETABLES AND HERBS

TRAN: TRANSPORTATION

UNIT CONTAINS STORAGE FOR BIKES AND A RENTAL SYSTEM IS ALSO AVAILABLE.

PAGE 9


ARRANGEMENT 1 GROUND LEVEL 1:300

PAGE 10


A

ARRANGEMENT 1 LEVEL 1 1:300

ARRANGEMENT 1 LEVEL 2 1:300

PAGE 11

A


ENTRY POINT

ARRANGEMENT 1 NORTH ELEVATION 1:300

LOUVRED WALL PANEL OPAQUE WALL PANEL SOLID WALL PANEL

ARRANGEMENT 1 SOUTH ELEVATION 1:300

PAGE 12


TERRACE SPACE CONNECTED TO STRING HALLWAY RP

LP

MINI SOCCER FIELD

L

ARRANGEMENT 1 SECTION DA-A 1:100

L

L

THE HUTONG AND WALKWAYS PROVIDE SPACE FOR ACTIVITIES TO SPRAWL OUT ON TO AND CONNECT WITH OTHERS

DA-A

ARRANGEMENT 1 SECTION A-A 1:300

PAGE 13

B


ARRANGEMENT 1 HUTONG PERSPECTIVE

PAGE 14


TRANS MARKET AREA TRANS MARKET AREA

K

ST ST

LDRY

LDRY

CC

G

ST

G L

B

WC

B

WC

G L

G

L

B

WC

B

WC

G

K

MC/ED

MC/ED

L

L

L HC

HC B

ST

K

K

B

LDRY

K CC

LDRY

WC WC

L

K

K

WC

B

L

L

B

LDRY

WC WC

B

SETTLEMENT TEMPORALITY STAGE 1 - 25% CAPACITY 1:500

SETTLEMENT TEMPORALITY STAGE 2 - 50% CAPACITY 1:500

THE INITIAL SETTLE SETS OUT THE HUTONG AND THE RESIDENTIAL STRING ABOVE. THE AMENITIES AND OTHER FACILITIES ARE PLACE CLOSELY TO THE HUTONG AS IT ACTS AS PACE FOR THE LAYERS OF ACTIVITIES TO OVERLAP. STRUCTURE ON THE SOUTHERN SIDE IS ALSO PREPARED FOR THE EXPANSION OF THE STRING.

AS THE BUILD ON THE CONSTRUCTION SITE AND THE SETTLEMENT BOUNDARY PROVIDES NUMBER OF WORKERS. THE LENGTHENING OF FACILITIES TO ADDED AND LINKED TO THE

B

WC WC

DEVELOPS THE EXPANSION OF STRING MORE SPACE TO ACCOMMODATE THE GROWING THE STRING ALLOWS FOR MORE COMMUNITY HUTONG.

PAGE 15


TRANS

TRANS

G

MARKET AREA

G

MARKET AREA B

B

WC

B

K

WC

B

LDRY

LDRY

CC

CC

G

ST

G

B

WC

B

WC

G

K

G

K

L

MC/ED

B

LDRY

B

WC

B

WC

K

K

B

ST

K

K

B

LDRY

K

G

B

WC WC

L

LDRY

K

HC

WC

B

WC WC

L

WC

B

K

WC WC WC WC

HC

B

B

B

B LDRY

G

MC/ED

WC WC WC WC

SETTLEMENT TEMPORALITY STAGE 3 - 75% CAPACITY 1:500

SETTLEMENT TEMPORALITY STAGE 4 - 100% CAPACITY 1:500

THE SETTLEMENT BOUNDARIES ARE PUSHED TO THE EDGES OF THE SITE WITH THE HUTONG MEETING THEM. WITH A LARGER NUMBER OF OCCUPANTS AND OPEN SPACE AT GROUND LEVEL ALMOST FILLED, A SMALL SPORTING FIELD IS LAYERED ON TOP OF A BLOCK OF LEISURE UNITS TO PROVIDES SPACE FOR ACTIVITIES.

WITH HIGH NUMBERS OF WORKERS NEEDED DURING THE FITTING OUT STAGES OF THE BUILD, THE RESIDENTIAL STRING IS DEVELOPED TO BE DOUBLE SIDED TO ACCOMMODATE THE INFLUX IN WORKERS.

PAGE 16


FWD

ARRANGEMENT 1 CONSTRUCTION PROCESS EXPLODED SECTION

PAGE 17

LPD


MODULAR PIECES IN HALLWAY CONSTRUCTION

POD CONNECTION POINTS

RP

RPD

MODEL OF A GENERAL SECTION OF THE RESIDENTIAL STRING.

WITH THE PODS REMOVED THE MODEL SHOWS THE STRUCTURE OF THE PLATFORMS THAT THEY ARE ATTACHED TO.

OPAQUE WALL PANEL SOLID WALL PANEL

THE MODEL SHOWS THE BACK SIDE OF THE RESIDENTIAL STRING WITH TWO OF THE TYPES ON WALL PANELS

PAGE 18

THE MODEL DISPLAYS THE STRUCTURE OF THE PLATFORM WHICH CAN BE SEEN IN THE HUTONG. THE PRIMARY AND SECONDARY BEAMS AS WELL AS CROSS-BRACING HAS BEEN MODELLED.


B

B

ARRANGEMENT 2 GROUND LEVEL 1:300

PAGE 19


ARRANGEMENT 2 LEVEL 2-4 1:300

ARRANGEMENT 2 LEVEL 1 1:300

PAGE 20


LPD

RPD

K LDRY

L

L

ARRANGEMENT 2 SECTION B-B 1:100

THE SECTION FOR ARRANGEMENT TWO SHOWS THE FLEXIBILITY IN THE CONSTRUCTION SYSTEM, WHICH ALLOWS FOR MULTIPLE PODS TO BE STACKED ON BOTH SIDES OF THE RESIDENTIAL STRING. THIS METHOD IS IDEAL FOR SKINNY SITES WHERE A HIGH DENSITY IS NEEDED TO HOUSE THE REQUIRED NUMBER OF WORKERS.

PAGE 21


STEEL FRAME STRUCTURE

CONNECTION POINT WITH PVC PLUG FOR WHEN NOT IN USE LAPPING CONNECTION BETWEEN PVC ROOF AND WALL PANELS

BAY WINDOW SU3

INSULATION FOAM BOARD

WALL CONNECTION PORTS

SU1

BU1

MULTIPLE FLOOR CONNECTION POINTS FOR SETBACK OPTION IN CONFIGURATION SU1

BU1

SU2

STEEL CONNECTION PLUG BOLTED INTO PLACE THROUGH ROOF AND FLOOR OF UNITS

SU5

SU4

SU3

MOULDED PVC EXTERIOR CLAD 20MM INTERIOR FINISH WALLS MOULDED PVC 10MM ALUMINIUM DOOR FRAME

SU1

BU1

SU2

DETAIL RPD RESIDENTIAL POD 1:30

PAGE 22

CONNECTION POINT TO STEEL PLATFORM


UNIT WALL

MATTRESS

POWER POINTS INSIDE DRAW FOR PHONES ETC.

WALL CONNECTION POINTS

WALL CONNECTION PLUG WITH ROTATING HANDLE LOCKING MECHANISM

DETAIL BU1 BED UNIT DETAIL 1:10

SU5 SU1 SU2

THE BEDDING UNIT CONSISTS OF THE BEDDING STRUCTURE WITH A UNIT OF DRAWS BUILD ON TO IT. ONE OF THESE LOCKABLE DRAWS CONTAIN A POWER POINT FOR CHARGING PHONES AND OTHER ELECTRONIC DEVICES

BU1 SU4

SU3

SU1

SU3

WITH WORKERS CONSTANTLY MOVING ON TO NEW WORK SITES THE INTERIOR OF THE UNITS CAN BE ADJUSTED TO SUIT THE NEEDS OF THE OCCUPANTS. THESE DETAILS DISPLAY THE PLUG IN NATURE OF THE INTERIOR FURNITURE UNITS. THE PLUG IN SYSTEM USES A TWISTING HANDLE MECHANISM TO LOCK THE UNIT TO THE WALL

BU1

DETAIL RPD RESIDENTIAL POD 1:30

PAGE 23

BU1: BEDDING UNIT - WITH LOCKABLE DRAWS INTERNAL POWER POINTS SU1: STORAGE UNIT - FOLDING UPWARD LID USED FOR WORK SHOES HARD HAT ETC. SU2: STORAGE UNIT - WARDROBE WITH HANGING SPACE AND A SHELF SU3: STORAGE UNIT - REVERSE OF SU2 SU4: STORAGE UNIT - CUPBOARD SPACES WITH SHELVING SU5 - STORAGE UNIT - SIMPLE SHELVING


LEISURE UNIT TELEVISION AND SHELVING BEAN BAG SEATING

CONNECTION PLUG HANDLES LEISURE UNIT WITH FOLD DOWN TABLE AND SHELVING

DETAIL LPD (LONGITUDINAL SECTION) LEISURE POD 1:20

PAGE 24


THE FENCE/WALKWAY PIECES, ARE NOT ONLY A SPACE FOR ACTIVITIES TO SPRAWL OUT ON TO, BUT THE METHOD OF CONNECTING SERVICES AROUND THE SITE. THE SERVICES ARE CONCEALED INSIDE THE MODULES AND JOINED TOGETHER WHEN THEY ARE POSITIONED NEXT TO EACH OTHER.

SERVICES PORTS CAN BE CAPPED OFF WHILE NOT CONNECTED

PVC CLADDING WITH SOUND PROOFING FOLD DOWN TABLE BUILT INTO FENCE

SERVICES RUNNING THROUGH WALKWAY FIXING PIN STEEL FRAME STRUCTURE

FOLD DOWN TABLE SUPPORT CONNECTOR

DETAIL FWD SITE FENCE/WALKWAY 1:20

PAGE 25


A L E X L A R C O M B E

2 1 1 3 1 0 2 2 7

S R D 3 6 4 S U P E R S T U D I O

W A N D E R I N G H U T O N G

Wandering Hutong - 3rd Year Design Studio Project - Alex Larcombe  

Deakin University - Richard Gibson Award: Awarded to an Architecture student for the best third year design project

Wandering Hutong - 3rd Year Design Studio Project - Alex Larcombe  

Deakin University - Richard Gibson Award: Awarded to an Architecture student for the best third year design project

Advertisement