TOEFL&GMAT. Success Synergy
Speakers Iryna Shuvalova - Intorduction Tatiana Herasimova – Gmat Quantitative Lesia Stepantsova – Toefl&Gmat Verbal
About the tests… GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test) designed to measure basic verbal, mathematical, and analytical writing skills is recognised by leading business schools and management education programs worldwide
TOEFL iBT (Test of English as Foreign Language, Internet-based) Measures your reading, listening, speaking and writing skills in English is recognised in more than 8,500 colleges, universities and agencies in more than 130 countries, including Australia, Canada, the U.K. and the United States.
GMAT 3,5 hours long Max. score is 800 (on average, schools require from 650 to 750) is a computer-adaptive test Consists of four sections—Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative, and Verbal
TOEFL 3,5 hours long Max. score is 120 (on average, schools require from 95 to 110) Consists of four sections – Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing
TOEFL Listening Section max. 30 points 60-90 minutes 6-9 pieces
Listening pieces are:
Conversations (dialogues “on campus”, classroom discussions), each followed by 5 questions Lectures (academic pieces), each followed by 6 questions
Skills you need: advanced listening comprehension, notetaking, high concentration
Max. 30 points 6 questions 20 min. Includes integrated questions
Q 1: Personal Preference – 15/45 sec. Q 2: Choose an option – 15/45 sec. Q 3: Summarize an opinion – 30/60 sec. (read → listen → speak) Q 4: Summarize/contrast a lecture – 30/60 – (read → listen → speak) Q 5: Problem and suggestions – 20/60 (listen → speak)
Q 6: Summary of a lecture - 20/60 (listen → speak)
Speaking Section ď Ż What is measured Ability to answer the question given Timing Pronunciation Grammar and vocabulary Strong argumentation, Reading and listening comprehension for integrated questions
If r and s are integers and rs+r is odd, which of the followin must be even? (A)r (B)s (C)r+s (D)rs-r (E)rs+r
Data sufficiency What is the value of positive integer n ?
(1) ( 2)
n 4 < 25 2
n â‰ n
(A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but Statement (2) alone is not sufficient. (B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but Statement (1) alone is not sufficient. (C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient. (D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient. (E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.
Reading Section Max. score is 30 points Passages are 500-700 words long 60-80 min. long (20 min. per one passage) Each passage followed by 12-14 questions Topics – natural and social sciences Questions mainly look like: Multiple-choice questions with 1 or 2 correct answers Charts Questions mainly focus on: main idea, purpose of the passage, vocabulary, finding coherence etc.
Writing section Max. 30 points 50 min. 2 essays – 1 integrated and 1 independent Integrated essay – includes reading, listening and writing; 150-225 words, 20 minutes Independent essay – 300-350 words, 30 minutes. (Your opinion on a given topic)
What matters: structure and organisation, coherence of your ideas, language use, topic development
GMAT Verbal 75 min. 41 question Consists of 3 sections
Reading Comprehension Sentence Correction Critical Reasoning
Reading Comprehension 3-4 passages per test (350-500 words long) Each passage is followed by 3-7 questions Topics include: natural sciences, social sciences and business Questions look like: 5 answer choices (1 is correct, 4 are distractors) Questions focus on: understanding the main idea and purpose of the passage, inferences and details. What you need: quickly read through long passages with unknown vocabulary, be familiar with types of questions and with types of distractors
Critical reasoning designed to test the reasoning skills involved in making arguments, evaluating arguments, and formulating or evaluating a plan of action The task looks like: an argument (2-5 sentences)+a question+5 answer choices Mainly questions ask you to: find the assumption, strengthen or weaken the argument, evaluate the conclusion, find an inference etc. What you need to know: the argument structure, what Q. types could be asked, how to answer them, how to identify wrong answers
Sentence Correction ď Ż This section is about stylistic conventions and grammatical rules of standard written English ď Ż The task looks like: a sentence with an underlined portion + 5 answer choices, e.g. The students have always had a most sincere interest and admiration for the important work of Professor Jakobsen. (A) a most sincere interest and admiration for (B) a most sincere interest in and admiration for (C) mostly a sincere interest and admiration for (D) a most sincere interest, and admiration for (E) a most sincere interest and an admiration for
What you need to learn: standard English grammar rules, GMAT preferences, main distractors