SYRIA_Refugee Issues_Report

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Refugee Issues

Syria BROADCAST 02: Borders Author: Aitor Sรกez Listen Broadcast

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Rodon 95FM / www.rodonfm.net www.aitorsaez.com / aitorsaezreporter@gmail.com Serres, GREECE, 13/11/2014


Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sáez

SYRIA Report: Refugee issues Broadcast 02. Borders. Aitor Sáez. 13/11/2014

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Editorial Europe usually boasts about its respect of the Human Rights and the protection of life. The German President, Joachim Gauck, for example, said about the Asylum Policy: “Protecting lives and granting refugees the chance to be heard is at the foundation of our legal and moral codes”. That sounds nice as well politically correct. The reality is quite different. There are people detained for indefinitely in inhuman Greek Police stations, people dying in the Mediterranean coasts of Italy, in the border of Spain, and even people taking their own lives in Germany, because of the fear to be deported and the oppressive Asylum system. The statistics will come later. Now I am talking about people, a term that that the European Union often forgets when referring to immigrants. In our continent there come Afghani, Iraqi, Somali, 300, 1.000... but never ‘people’. The political, social and media use of the language reflects a gap in the European society: we distinguish ourselves from people outside our borders. It is true that we haven’t had any war in Western Europe for 70 years. And it is also true that we reached a notable integration between countries. Nevertheless, we still divide the people into categories. The economic crisis has woken up not only the racisms phantoms but a general feeling against the immigrants. And the Political class is adapting their decisions to the public opinion. The biggest danger of this entire spiral is that some European governments are violating the Human Rights conventions, by acting under the Community directives. Perhaps rethinking our identity is not our priority, but it would be completely necessary. We cannot aspire to win the Nobel Peace Prize, while we don’t respect the life of all people. We can close borders and keep a pure European town, or we can open our minds, make inclusive Policies and go on a History of diversity. Here, in this program, we prefer the second one. You are listening to ‘Borders’ in Rodon FM, Greece, and I am Aitor Sáez. Welcome!

Aitor Sáez / aitorsaezreporter@gmail.com / www.aitorsaez.com

Serres, Greece, 13/11/2014


Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sáez

Causes Syria had a population around 22 million. The 3-years old Civil War had resulted in almost 200 thousand deaths with war crimes, being committed with total impunity on all sides in the conflict. Minority Alawites and Christians are being increasingly targeted by Islamists and other groups fighting.1 In August 2013 the government was suspected of using chemical weapons against its civilians. US Secretary of State John Kerry said it was "undeniable" that chemical weapons had been used in the country and that President Bashar al-Assad's forces had committed a "moral obscenity" against his own people. "Make no mistake," Kerry said. Speech. John Kerry, United States Secretary of State, about the use of chemical weapons by Al-Assad regime.

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Statistics An estimated 9 million Syrians have fled their homes since the outbreak of civil war in March 2011, taking refuge in neighbouring countries or within Syria itself. According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), over 3 million have fled to Syria's immediate neighbours Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq. 6.5 million are internally displaced within Syria. Meanwhile, under 150,000 Syrians have declared asylum in the European Union, while member states have pledged to resettle a further 33,000 Syrians. The vast majority of these resettlement spots – 28,500 or 85% – are pledged by Germany.2 Interview. Claus Sørensen, Director-General of the Directorate-General Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection at the European Commission. April 2014 (by syrianrefugees.eu)

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While it is true that the EU is a leading contributor of humanitarian aid to the region, the amount donated by each of its 28 member states has varied greatly. Furthermore, while the EU has accepted the vast majority of Syrians who have applied for asylum, it has to date received relatively few requests. Its response to a UNHCR call for more than 130,000 resettlement spots for Syrian refugees between 2013-2016 has also been tepid.3 Speech. Marietje Schaake, Member European Parliament for ALDE, about the responsibilities of the UE on the Syrian refugee issue.

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Description Syria. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syria A snapshot of the crisis - in the Middle East and Europe. syrianrefugees.eu. http://syrianrefugees.eu/ 3 Biography and career Marietje Schaake. http://www.marietjeschaake.com/ 2

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Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sáez

In contrast, absorbing the influx of refugees has been an enormous challenge for Syria’s neighbours, with strong implications for the stability of the entire region.

Number Syrian refugees on the region (2014). UNHCR

UNHCR Working environment4 The humanitarian situation in the Syrian Arab Republic (Syria) is extremely challenging and continues to deteriorate at a rapid pace with more than 6.8 million Syrians (the majority internally displaced) now requiring humanitarian assistance. UNHCR joined inter-agency efforts in 2012 to assist internally displaced people (IDPs) in Syria. Working under the framework of the national Syrian Humanitarian Assistance Response Plan (SHARP), the Office supports the non-food items (NFI) and shelter sectors, as well as the financial assistance, health, community services and protection sectors.

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Country operations profile - Syrian Arab Republic. 2014. UNHCR. http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49e486a76.html Aitor Sáez / aitorsaezreporter@gmail.com / www.aitorsaez.com

Serres, Greece, 13/11/2014


Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sรกez

The current conflict in Syria has major implications for both refugee and IDP operations, especially for access and operational space. Insecurity restricts movements around the country, communications are often disrupted, and UNHCR's access to affected populations restricted. This increases the importance of reaching, monitoring and assisting beneficiaries by alternative means, including through national partners.

Balance Syrian Refugees, Asylum seekers and IDPs (January 2014). UNHCR

Sanctions have had a significant impact on the socio-economic situation of large parts of Syria. The Syrian Pound has been devalued by more than 50 per cent since the outbreak of the conflict two years ago. In most parts of the country, prices for basic food and domestic items are rising, and cooking gas, heating oil and electricity are in short supply. A key assumption defining the organization's work is that the security situation in Syria will not deteriorate to such an extent that UNHCR can no longer operate within the country, although it will place significant constraints on operations in Syria.

Aitor Sรกez / aitorsaezreporter@gmail.com / www.aitorsaez.com

Serres, Greece, 13/11/2014


Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sáez

Timeline5 April 2011 / The Syrian refugee crisis begins: Up to 5000 refugees flee to Lebanon. The flow of Syrian refugees to neighbouring countries begins in earnest in April 2011. In May, Syrian refugees flee harsh fighting in the town of Talkalakh - many cross into Lebanon using an unofficial border crossing previously used to smuggle goods. Those fleeing are mostly women and children. June 6, 2011 / Refugee flow intensifies into Turkey. The military seige of Jisr al-Shughour in the northwestern part of Syria sparks a major flow of refugees into neighbouring Turkey. Shelling and fighting causes thousands to cross the border. July 12, 2011 / Syrians find refuge in Jordan. Jordan sees an increase in refugees, with the majority coming from the Syrian border town of Deraa, the birthplace of the uprising. By the end of the year, up to 2000 Syrians will have fled to Jordan. November 14, 2011 / Turkey assumes large role in welcoming refugees. By the end of 2011, Turkey had spent up to $15 million to set up six camps for thousands of refugees and military defectors. Turkish officials insist to the media that Syrians are "guests" and not "refugees." March 1, 2012 / The Bekaa becomes a major destination of refugees. Starting around March 2012, Eastern Lebanon's Bekaa valley becomes the principle destination in Lebanon for Syrian refugees, many of whom flee fierce fighting in nearby Homs, Quseir, Zabadani and Hama. April 4, 2012 / Domiz Camp opens in Iraq. Most Syrian refugees of Kurdish origin head for the Iraqi Kurdistan region in northern Iraq. The camp soon becomes the largest Syrian refugee camp in Iraq and by 2013 is stretched to capacity. July 3, 2012 / Fighting flares up in Aleppo, many flee to Turkish border. Aleppo is only 50 kilometers from the Turkish border. Intense warfare causes up to 200,000 to flee, with thousands crossing over to Turkey. In response, Greece beefs up border guards in case of an influx of Syrian refugees. July 18, 2012 / Exodus into Lebanon following Damascus fighting. On July 18, 2012, a bomb explodes in Damascus, killing President Bashar al-Assad's brother-in-law and other high-ranking security officials. Anywhere from 18,000 to 40,000 refugees crossed the Masnaa border post into Lebanon over the next few days. July 29, 2012 / UNHCR opens Za’atari camp in northern Jordan. Located in a windswept desert, UNHCR claims the Za’atari camp in northern Jordan can eventually host up to 113,000 refugees. September 11, 2012 / Up to 11,000 people flee Syria in 24-hour period due to escalating violence. UNHCR reports that more than 11,000 Syrians flee into Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon in a day's time. January 4, 2013 / Lebanese government agrees to register refugees. In a landmark decision for Lebanon, a divided Cabinet votes to officially register Syrian refugees. January 22, 2013 - March 2, 2014 / Launch of #ChildrenOfSyria. UNICEF launches Children of Syria Campaign to raise awarness about the plight of Syrian refugee children on social media. By end-2013, half the 2 million refugees who have fled the country are children. March 6, 2013 / Syrian refugees reach 1 million. The UNHCR announces that the number of Syrians either registered as refugees or being assisted as such has reached the 1 million mark. July 16, 2013 / UN: Largest refugee outflow since Rwandan genocide. With an average 6,000 people a day fleeing conflict in Syria by summer 2013, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Antonio Guterres says such a rate has not been seen since the mid-1990s.

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TIMELINE. A snapshot of the crisis - in the Middle East and Europe. syrianrefugees.eu. http://syrianrefugees.eu/?page_id=163 Aitor Sáez / aitorsaezreporter@gmail.com / www.aitorsaez.com

Serres, Greece, 13/11/2014


Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sรกez

August 18, 2013 / Thousands of refugees pour into Iraq. The BBC describes "biblical scenes" of refugees entering into Kurdistan. Almost 20,000 cross over a few days. October 7, 2013 / Turkey builds wall on Syrian border. Turkey builds a two-metre wall in the district of Nusaybin, site of frequent clashes between rebels, Kurds and Arab tribes. Protests break out during the wall's construction. November 7, 2013 / NGO: Greek special forces push back Syrian refugees. A German NGO claims that Greek armed forces are conducting operations around the Turkish border to repel Syrian refugees. The report, called "Pushed Back," details what it calls "systematic" operations by special-op forces on land and sea. November 11, 2013 / Bulgaria to build fence on Turkish border. In response to a spike in Syrian asylum seekers, Bulgaria begans construction of a 30km border fence south of the town Elhovo, pictured. December 16, 2013 / United Nations launches largest appeal yet: $6.5 billion. The UN estimates nearly three-quarters of Syria's 22.4 million population will need humanitarian aid in 2014. March 11, 2014 / UNICEF: A generation at risk. UNICEF releases a report on the 5.5 million Syrian children living in Syria and in neighbouring countries. 1.2 million children are now living as refugees in host countries and 37,000 refugee children were born since the conflict began, according to UNICEF.

Evolution Registered Syrian Refugees (2012-2014). UNHCR.

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Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sáez

Situation in Greece The crisis in the Syrian Arab Republic (Syria), in particular, has increased demand for asylum throughout the region. Germany and Sweden were the most affected, with the two countries receiving more than 50 per cent of Syrian applications. While Syrians now form the second-largest group of applicants, the biggest and still increasing group comprises people from the Russian Federation. Afghans and Serbian asylum-seekers are the third- and fourth-largest groups, respectively. Also among those seeking asylum each year are stateless people. There are currently an estimated 436,000 stateless people in the Eastern Europe.6 The largest group among the 39,759 arrested in Greece in 2013 are Albanians (14,366), followed by Syrians (7,665).7

Asylum Recognition in Greece8 The asylum recognition rate reaches from around zero for nationals from Albania and Georgia up to 99,1% for Syrians and 100% for Somalis. Within 7 months the asylum service which started its work on June 7th, 2013 has proceeded 5.577 asylum applications from 77 countries. In the first stance decision from June 7th 2013 to end of January 2014 11,6% received political asylum and 5,2% subsidiary. Most of them come from Afghanistan, Syria, Iran, Eritrea and Sudan. Compared to that in 2012 the overall recognition rate was 0,9%.

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Regional Operations Profile, Greece, 2014. UNHCR. http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49e48e726.html ‘Numbers of arrested migrants/refugees in Greece decrease by 46,2%’. February 2014. Kathimerini. http://www.kathimerini.com.cy/index.php?pageaction=kat&modid=1&artid=161745 8 Asylum Applications in Greece (7.6.2013 – 31.12.2013). New Greek Asylum Service. http://www.yptp.gr/images/stories//2014/asylo/asylum_statisticaldata2013_en.pdf Asylum Applications in Greece (January-August 2014). New Greek Asylum Service. http://www.yptp.gr/images/stories//2014/asylo/13092014GreekAsylumServiceStatisticalData_Jan14August14_en.pdf 7

Aitor Sáez / aitorsaezreporter@gmail.com / www.aitorsaez.com

Serres, Greece, 13/11/2014


Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sáez

Asylum Applications in Greece (7.6.2013 – 31.12.2013). New Greek Asylum Service

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Serres, Greece, 13/11/2014


Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sáez

Asylum Recognition - First Instance in Greece (7.6.2013 – 31.12.2013). New Greek Asylum Service

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Serres, Greece, 13/11/2014


Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sรกez

Asylum Applications in Greece (January-August 2014). New Greek Asylum Service.

Aitor Sรกez / aitorsaezreporter@gmail.com / www.aitorsaez.com

Serres, Greece, 13/11/2014


Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sรกez

Asylum Recognition - First Instance in Greece (January-August 2014). New Greek Asylum Service.

Aitor Sรกez / aitorsaezreporter@gmail.com / www.aitorsaez.com

Serres, Greece, 13/11/2014


Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sáez

The Expert Mrs Begoña Castiella has been working for Caritas Athens as a volunteer for four years. Professionally she works as a journalist for the Spanish newspaper ABC9. In the last years, Mrs Castiella has faced the increase of the right-extreme in Greece, by writing few articles about the topic and giving interviews for many NGOs. Conversation about the problems of refugees in Greece and the NGOs that work to protect their rights.

Interview. Begoña Castiella,

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Foreign Correspondent for the Spanish newspaper ABC and volunteer in Caritas, Athens

Caritas Greece CONTACT 52, Kapodistriou Street, 10432 - Athens Tel: +30 21 05 24 78 79 Email: caritashellas@caritas.gr Web: http://caritas.gr/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/CaritasEuropa Twitter: @caritaseuropa

Description10 Founded in 1976 by the Catholic Bishops in Greece, Caritas Hellas (Caritas Greece) has a mission to promote and safeguard human dignity through social support services to migrants and refugees, advocate on behalf of the poor and needy and provide humanitarian aid when natural disasters or other types of emergency situations occur. Caritas Hellas has an extensive range of programmes that include offering nourishment and expert social support services to a rapidly growing population of refugees and immigrants, young people in need, the elderly and needy families. On a daily basis, the service includes the distribution of food, clothes, education, counseling and psychological support to 300 people, including 80 children. In addition,

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BEGOÑA CASTIELLA. Blog: ‘A la sombra del Acrópolis’ (Spanish). ABC. http://abcblogs.abc.es/alasombradelaacropolis/ 10 Description Caritas Greece: http://www.caritas.org/where-we-are/europe/greece/ Aitor Sáez / aitorsaezreporter@gmail.com / www.aitorsaez.com

Serres, Greece, 13/11/2014


Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sáez

Caritas Hellas also has a prison-visiting programme that offers ethical support and facilitates links with families. Overseas, Caritas Hellas is active in the research into humanitarian issues and has played a key role in emergency relief and rehabilitation work during and after a disaster. In 2010, in response to the catastrophic 7.0 magnitude earthquake that hit Haiti, Caritas Hellas provided financial help by sending money to Caritas Internationalis as contribution to the confederation programmes for the affected people in Haiti. In Greece, during the various emergencies that had occurred, mainly due to earthquakes and fires, Caritas Hellas provided food, clothing, tents, caravans, water, personal hygiene items, fire truck, tools for cleaning the burnt areas and psychosocial support to those who had been affected. Finally, in response to the global economic financial crisis, in 2013 Caritas Hellas, in collaboration with Caritas Europe, implemented project “Elpis” to reduce the impact of the crisis on the poor and socially excluded in Greece. The programme aims to help fight poverty by providing monthly distribution of food assistance to 230 poor and vulnerable families. Since 1987, the official headquarters of Caritas Hellas has been in Athens and is supported by 10 local Caritas regional offices. These offices are staffed by approximately 8 employees in total and nearly 350 volunteers, who are described by Caritas Hellas as “the soul of Caritas”. Without their fidelity and commitment, the programmes outlined above would cease to exist. The Board of Caritas Hellas is made up by the permanent representatives of the Catholic ecclesiastical Provinces of Greece: Athens, Syros, Crete, Thessaloniki, Corfu, Naxos-Tinos, Rhodes Exarchate, Armenian Catholic Exarchate, and Exarchate of Catholics of Byzantine rite (“Divine Providence”). Caritas Hellas is a member of Caritas Europe and Caritas Internationalis and actively partners with the confederation’s 160-plus Catholic organisations around the world to be powerful purveyors in reducing poverty and campaigning for social justice.

Syrian Music The music of Syria largely emanates from the country's capital Damascus and the largest city Aleppo. Syria has long been one of the Arab world's centers for cultural and artistic innovation, especially in the field of classical Arab music. Syria has also produced several pan-Arab stars, including George Wasoof and Nur Mahana. The city of Aleppo is known for its muwashshah, a form of Andalous sung poetry popularized by Sabri Moudallal. Dabka and other forms of dance music are also popular and native to the greater region.11

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‘Music of Syria’. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_Syria

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Serres, Greece, 13/11/2014


Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sáez

Muwashshah (literally means "girdled"). Is the name for both an Arabic poetic form and a secular musical genre. The poetic form consists of a multi-lined strophic verse poem written in classical Arabic, usually consisting of five stanzas, alternating with a refrain with a running rhyme. It was customary to open with one or two lines which matched the second part of the poem in rhyme and meter; in North Africa poets ignore the strict rules of Arabic meter while the poets in the East follow them. The musical genre of the same name uses muwaššaḥ texts as lyrics, still in classical Arabic. This tradition can take two forms: the waṣla of Aleppo and the Andalusi nubah of the western part of the Arab world.12 Sizzle Ohtaka, Hamza El Din, Morgan Fisher: Muwashshah

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Nour Mhanna is a Syrian singer. Mhanna started his musical career as a reciter of the Qur'an, before switching to secular music. On 1 July 2004, he performed at the Sycuan Resort and Casino in El Cajon, California. He and his backup band traveled there on Northwest Airlines Flight 327, where their behaviour lead to suspicions that they were a dry run for a future possible terrorist attack.13 Nour Mhana: En Kont Nasy Nour Mhana: Wahashtiny

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George Wassouf (born December 23, 1961) is a Syrian singer with over 30 albums released. Wassouf's vocal style has been emulated by younger singers such as George El Rassi. Born in 1961 Kafroun, Tartous, Syria into a Christian household, he was called "the miraculous of his time" for his artistic talent in singing. Wassouf started singing at the age of 10 in his hometown Kafroun. Wassouf preferred not to shoot videos for his songs saying "I don't feel I can act ... I really can't... I only find myself when I'm on the stage ... singing, but the video clip forces me to act".14 George Wassouf: Tabeeb Garah George Wassouf: Byehsidouni

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‘Muwashshah’.Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muwashshah ‘Nour Mhanna’. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nour_Mhanna 14 ‘George Wassouf’. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Wassouf 13

Aitor Sáez / aitorsaezreporter@gmail.com / www.aitorsaez.com

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Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sáez

Latest News *Not necessary from Syria. This section compiles the most relevant news about refugees in the last week/month. From The New York15 Times and The Guardian16.

One million Iraqi and Syrian refugees may face winter without UN aid The U.N. agency for refugees says one million Iraqi and Syrian refugees could be left out of any winter aid due to a funding shortfall partly caused by a sharp increase of internally displaced people. SEE VIDEO

Ethiopia's refugee camps swell with South Sudanese escaping war Tens of thousands of South Sudanese people have poured across the border into Ethiopia to the conflict in their own country. The rainy season has temporarily slowed the stream of people into flooded refugee camps in a region that has its own ethnic tensions, but many fear the return of dry weather will bring more fighting and a surge of people seeking refuge

Myanmar Policy’s Message to Muslims: Get Out The Myanmar government has given the estimated one million Rohingya people in this coastal region of the country a dispiriting choice: Prove your family has lived here for more than 60 years and qualify for second-class citizenship, or be placed in camps and face deportation. In the last three weeks alone, 14,500 Rohingya have sailed from the beaches of Rakhine State to Thailand, with the ultimate goal of reaching Malaysia, according to the Arakan Project, a group that monitors Rohingya refugees.

Asylum seekers' healthcare 'comparable to that in Australia', government tells UN The Australian government says asylum seekers in offshore detention receive healthcare “comparable to that in Australia” but that Papua New Guinea and Nauru are legally responsible for their welfare. At its second day before the UN committee against torture,

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Search: ‘Refugees‘. The New York Times, September-November 2014. http://query.nytimes.com/search/sitesearch/#/refugees/since1851/allresults/1/allauthors/newest/ 16 Search: ‘Refugees’. The Guradian, November 2014. http://www.theguardian.com/world/refugees

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Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sáez

Australia was again subjected to a wide-ranging interrogation and forced to defend its policies of “enhanced screening”, mandatory detention and offshore processing of asylum seekers.

Australia’s Little Guantánamos “Australia has temporarily closed its border to people from Ebola-affected West African nations,” reports Dan Harrison for The Sydney Morning Herald. The report, “Beyond the Boats: Building an Asylum and Refugee Policy for the Long Term,” is “one of the most significant bipartisan documents about the government’s asylum seeker policy,” Ms. Whyte explains, citing growing numbers of displaced people coming to Australia in numbers “not seen since World War II.” “Making nine recommendations, the report calls for the end of mandatory detention of asylum seekers in Nauru and Papua New Guinea,” Ms. Whyte writes, “for Australia to resettle at least 15 percent more refugees than is currently allocated; and for the militarization of Operation Sovereign Borders and the demonizing of people seeking protection to end.”

Russia and North Korea sign agreement to deport illegal immigrants

The agreement, signed in September, states that anyone found to be without the correct documents will be detained, interviewed and, if they have entered illegally, deported within 30-days. The countries share a small land border on Russia’s far-east Primorsky region.

Statelessness is an evil that has been hidden for too long The UN refugee agency (UNHCR) launched its campaign to end statelessness by 2024. Statelessness affects the enjoyment of all the rights which most of us take for granted, for instance the right to work, the right to vote, the right to welfare benefits or welfare and a child’s right to education. It prevents people from moving, and increases their chances of arbitrary arrest or detention with no adequate remedies. In short, it marginalises and makes people feel worthless with no prospect of their situation ever improving, no hope for a better future for themselves or their children. To quote Earl Warren, who served as chief justice on the US supreme court, it is “the total destruction of an individual’s status in organised society”.

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Report SYRIA Broadcast 02. Borders Author: Aitor Sáez

References Statistics Description Syria. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syria A snapshot of the crisis - in the Middle East and Europe. syrianrefugees.eu. http://syrianrefugees.eu/ Biography and career Marietje Schaake. http://www.marietjeschaake.com/ Country operations profile - Syrian Arab Republic. 2014. UNHCR. http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49e486a76.html TIMELINE. A snapshot of the crisis - in the Middle East and Europe. syrianrefugees.eu. http://syrianrefugees.eu/?page_id=163 Regional Operations Profile, Greece, 2014. UNHCR. http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49e48e726.html ‘Numbers of arrested migrants/refugees in Greece decrease by 46,2%’. February 2014. Kathimerini. http://www.kathimerini.com.cy/index.php?pageaction=kat&modid=1&artid=161745 SALAM KAWAKIBI. ‘The Syrian crisis and its repercussions: internally displaced persons and refugees’; March 2013. Migration Policy Centre. http://www.migrationpolicycentre.eu/docs/MPC-RR-2013-03.pdf SALAM MOHAMED. ‘Assessment of the situation of the Syrian refugees in Kurdistan region Iraq’. 2012. Migration Policy Centre. http://www.migrationpolicycentre.eu/docs/MPC%202012%2015.pdf

Graphs Statistics Table. Number of Refugees, Syria. January 2014. UNHCR. http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49e486a76.html Evolution of Registered Syrian Refugees (2012-2014). UNHCR. http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/regional.php Syrian Refugees in the region (November 2014). UNHCR. http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/regional.php Asylum Applications in Greece (7.6.2013 – 31.12.2013). New Greek Asylum Service. http://www.yptp.gr/images/stories//2014/asylo/asylum_statisticaldata2013_en.pdf Asylum Applications in Greece (January-August 2014). New Greek Asylum Service. http://www.yptp.gr/images/stories//2014/asylo/13092014GreekAsylumServiceStatisticalData_Jan14August14_en.pdf

Expert and Organization BEGOÑA CASTIELLA. Blog: ‘A la sombra del Acrópolis’ (Spanish). ABC. http://abcblogs.abc.es/alasombradelaacropolis/ Description Caritas Greece: http://www.caritas.org/where-we-are/europe/greece/

Music ‘Music of Syria’. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_Syria ‘Muwashshah’.Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muwashshah Sizzle Ohtaka, Hamza El Din, Morgan Fisher: Muwashshah. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WQ5dEq9EtuY ‘Nour Mhanna’. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nour_Mhanna Nour Mhana: En Kont Nasy. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R7dNTzjIBu0 Nour Mhana: Wahashtiny. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jl04OI69OSE ‘George Wassouf’. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Wassouf George Wassouf: Tabeeb Garah. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DsD7ixyFm90 George Wassouf: Byehsidouni. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PoqHdM1Ei7s

News Search: ‘Refugees‘. The New York Times, 5-12th November 2014. http://query.nytimes.com/search/sitesearch/#/refugees/since1851/allresults/1/allauthors/newest/ Search: ‘Refugees’. The Guradian, 5-12th November 2014. http://www.theguardian.com/world/refugees

Aitor Sáez / aitorsaezreporter@gmail.com / www.aitorsaez.com

Serres, Greece, 13/11/2014